S-1 1 quettaacquisitioncop_s1.htm S-1

 

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 18, 2023

 

Registration No. 333-[●]

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM S-1
REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

 

 

QUETTA ACQUISITION CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   6770   93-1358026
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
  (Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

 

 

 

1185 Avenue of the Americas, Suite 301
New York, NY 10036
Telephone: (212) 612-1400
(Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code,
of Registrant’s Principal Executive Offices)

 

 

 

Hui Chen, Esq.
Hui Chen and Associates, P.L.L.C.
136-20 38
th Avenue, Suite 9E
Flushing, NY 11354
Telephone: (718) 463-2666
(Name, Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code,
of Agent for Service)

 

 

 

Copies to:

 

Mitchell S. Nussbaum

Giovanni Caruso
Loeb & Loeb LLP
345 Park Avenue
New York, New York 10154
(212) 407-4000
(212) 407-4990 — Facsimile

 

Arila Zhou, Esq.

Ze’-ev D. Eiger, Esq.
Robinson & Cole LLP

666 Third Avenue, 20th floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 451-2908

(212) 451-2999 — Facsimile

 

 

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this registration statement.

 

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), check the following box. ☐

 

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. (Check one):

 

  Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
  Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
      Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ☐

 

The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 

 

 

The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED August 18, 2023

 

$60,000,000

Quetta Acquisition Corporation

6,000,000 Units

 

Quetta Acquisition Corporation is a blank check company formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, share purchase, reorganization, or similar business combination with one or more businesses. Our efforts to identify a prospective target business will not be limited, although the company intends to prioritize the evaluation of businesses in Asia (excluding China, Hong Kong, and Macau) that operate in the financial technology sector. We shall not undertake our initial business combination with any entity with its principal business operations in China (including Hong Kong and Macau). We do not have any specific business combination under consideration and we have not (nor has anyone on our behalf), directly or indirectly, contacted any prospective target business or had any substantive discussions, formal or otherwise, with respect to such a transaction with our company.

 

This is an initial public offering of our securities. Each unit has an offering price of $10.00 and consists of: (i) one share of common stock, and (ii) one-tenth (1/10) of a right denominated in one share of our common stock, redeemable upon the consummation of the initial business combination, as described in more detail in this prospectus. The underwriters have a 45-day option from the date of the closing of this offering to purchase up to an additional 900,000 units to cover over-allotments, if any. We will provide our public stockholders with the opportunity to redeem all or a portion of their shares of our common stock, or “public shares”, in connection with the consummation of our initial business combination, at a per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account described below as of two business days prior to the consummation of our initial business combination, including interest earned on the funds held in the trust account and not previously released to us to pay our taxes, divided by the number of then outstanding public shares, subject to the limitations and on the conditions described herein. We have 9 months (or 15 months or up to 21 months if we extend such period as described in more detail in this prospectus) (the “Combination Period”) from the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part to consummate our initial business combination. If we are unable to complete our initial business combination within 9 months (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) from that date, we will redeem 100% of the public shares at a per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account, including interest earned on the funds held in the trust account and not previously released to us to pay our taxes, divided by the number of then outstanding public shares, subject to applicable law and certain conditions as further described herein. Our public stockholders will not be afforded an opportunity to vote on our extensions of time to consummate an initial business combination from 9 months to up to 21 months or redeem their shares in connection with such extensions.

 

Our Sponsor, Yocto Investments LLC, has committed to purchase from us, in one or more private placements that will close simultaneously with the closing of this offering, an aggregate of 235,045 units (or 253,045 units if the over-allotment option is exercised in full) at $10.00 per unit for a total purchase price of $2,350,450 (or $2,530,450 if the over-allotment option is exercised in full). These private units will be identical to the units sold in this offering, except as described in this prospectus. The private units will be sold in a private placement that will close simultaneously with the closing of this offering. A portion of the proceeds we receive from these purchases will be placed in the trust account described below. The principal of our Sponsor is Ms. Chen Chen, who is the wife of Mr. Hui Chen, our CEO and Chairman, and resides in the United States of America and has a professional network in Asia and North America. We are not permitted to use the proceeds placed in the trust account and the interests earned thereon to pay any excise taxes or any other similar fees or taxes in nature that may be imposed on the Company pursuant to any current, pending or future rules or laws, including without limitation any excise tax due imposed under the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) of 2022 (H.R. 5376) on any redemptions or stock buybacks by the Company.

 

Our initial stockholders, which include our sponsor, and our directors and officers, own an aggregate of 1,725,000 shares of our common stock (up to 225,000 of which are subject to forfeiture by the sponsor depending on the extent to which the underwriters’ over-allotment option is not exercised in full or in part).

 

 

 

Currently, there is no public market for our units, common stock, or rights. We expect to apply to list our units on the Nasdaq Global Market, and applied to reserve the symbol “QETAU” for our units. We expect that our units will be listed on Nasdaq on or promptly after the date of this prospectus. We cannot guarantee that our securities will be approved for listing on Nasdaq. We expect the common stock and rights comprising the units will begin separate trading on the 52nd day following the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part, unless EF Hutton, division of Benchmark Investments, LLC (which we refer to as “EF Hutton”, the representative of the underwriters, or the Representative throughout this prospectus) informs us of its decision to allow earlier separate trading, subject to our satisfaction of certain conditions as described further herein. Once the securities comprising the units begin separate trading, we expect that the common stock and rights will be listed on Nasdaq under the symbols “QETA” and “QETAR,” respectively. We cannot assure you that our securities will be, or will continue to be, listed on Nasdaq in the future or prior to our initial business combination.

 

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, and therefore will be subject to reduced reporting requirements.

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 30 for a discussion of information that should be considered in connection with an investment in our securities. Investors will not be entitled to protections normally afforded to investors in Rule 419 blank check offerings.

 

Neither the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

    Price to
Public
    Underwriting
Discounts
    Proceeds Before
Expenses to Us
 
Per Unit   $ 10.00     $ 0.55 (1)    $ 9.45  
Total     60,000,000     $ 3,300,000     $ 56,700,000  

 

 

(1)$0.20 per unit or $1,200,000 in the aggregate (or $1,380,000 if the underwriter’s over-allotment option is exercised in full) is payable upon the closing of this offering. The discount includes $2,100,000, or $0.35 per unit, equal to 3.5% of the gross proceeds of this offering (or $2,415,000 if the underwriter’s over-allotment option is exercised in full) payable to the underwriters as deferred underwriting discounts at the closing of our initial business combination from the funds to be placed in the trust account described below. The underwriters have agreed to reimburse certain of our expenses in connection with this offering, not to exceed $600,000 (or $690,000 if the underwriters’ over-allotment option is exercised in full). The underwriter will also be entitled to 1% of the gross proceeds of this offering as underwriting discounts and commissions in the form of our shares at a price of $10.00 per share, which will equal 60,000 shares (or 69,000 shares if the underwriter’s overallotment option is exercised in full) (the “Representative Shares”), to be issued at closing of this offering. Such funds and shares will be released to the underwriters only upon consummation of an initial business combination, as described in this prospectus. The Representative Shares will be registered under the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. If the business combination is not consummated, such deferred discounts will be forfeited by the underwriters. The underwriters will not be entitled to any interest accrued on the deferred underwriting discount. See the section of this prospectus entitled “Underwriting” beginning on page 128 for a description of compensation and other items of value payable to the underwriters.

 

Upon consummation of the offering, $10.10 per unit sold to the public in this offering (whether or not the underwriter’s over-allotment option has been exercised in full or in part) will be deposited into a United-States-based trust account maintained by Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, acting as trustee. Such amount includes $2,100,000, or $0.35 per unit, (or $2,415,000 if the underwriter’s over-allotment option is exercised in full) payable to the underwriters as deferred underwriting discounts. Except as described in this prospectus, the funds held in trust will not be released until the earlier of the consummation of our initial business combination or our redemption of the shares of common stock sold in this offering upon our failure to consummate a business combination within the required period.

 

The underwriters are offering the units on a firm commitment basis. EF Hutton, acting as the sole book-running manager and representative of the underwriters, expects to deliver the units to purchasers on or about [●], 2023.

 

Sole Book-Running Manager

 

EF Hutton

division of Benchmark Investments, LLC

 

The date of this prospectus is [●], 2023

 

 

 

There is presently no public market for our units, shares of common stock, or rights. We have applied to have our units listed on the Nasdaq Global Market, or Nasdaq, under the symbol “QETAU”. We cannot guarantee that our securities will be approved for listing on Nasdaq. The common stock and rights comprising the units will begin separate trading on the 52nd day following the date of this prospectus unless EF Hutton division of Benchmark Investments LLC, informs us of its decision to allow earlier separate trading, subject to our filing a Current Report on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission containing an audited balance sheet reflecting our receipt of the gross proceeds of this offering and issuing a press release announcing when such separate trading will begin. Once the securities comprising the units begin separate trading as described in this prospectus, the shares of common stock and rights will be traded on Nasdaq under the symbols “QETA” and “QETAR,” respectively. We cannot assure you that our securities will continue to be listed on Nasdaq after this offering.

 

Although we currently do not have any People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) subsidiary or China operations, our sponsor and certain of our executive officers and directors may have significant ties to China, which may make us a less attractive partner to potential target companies outside the PRC than a non-PRC related SPAC and may therefore limit the pool of acquisition candidates given a combination with a U.S. target company may be subject to review by a U.S. government entity. See “Risk Factors — General Risk Factors — We may not be able to complete an initial business combination with a U.S. target company since such initial business combination may be subject to U.S. foreign investment regulations and review by a U.S. government entity such as the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), or ultimately prohibited” on page 68.

 

We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, and therefore will be subject to reduced reporting requirements.

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

Prospectus Summary   1
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements   26
Summary Risk Factors   27
Summary Financial Data   29
Risk Factors   30
Use of Proceeds   73
Dividend Policy   76
Dilution   77
Capitalization   79
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   80
Proposed Business   84
Management   100
Principal Stockholders   107
Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions   109
Description of Securities   111
United States Federal Income Tax Considerations   120
Share Eligible for Future Sale   127
Underwriting   128
Legal Matters   133
Experts   133
Where You Can Find Additional Information   133
Index to Financial Statements   F-1

 

We are responsible for the information contained in this prospectus. We have not, and the underwriters have not, authorized anyone to provide you with different information, and neither we nor the underwriters take responsibility for any other information others may give to you. We are not, and the underwriters are not, making an offer to sell securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should not assume that the information contained in this prospectus is accurate as of any date other than the date on the front of this prospectus.

 

i

 

 

Prospectus Summary

 

This summary only highlights the more detailed information appearing elsewhere in this prospectus. As this is a summary, it does not contain all of the information that you should consider in making an investment decision. You should read this entire prospectus carefully, including the information under the section of this prospectus entitled “Risk Factors” and our financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus, before investing. Unless otherwise stated in this prospectus or the context otherwise requires, references to:

 

“the 80% test” are to the requirement that our initial business combination be with a target entity that has an aggregate fair market value of at least 80% of the value of the proceeds from this initial public offering which are deposited to a trust account (excluding any deferred underwriters fees and taxes payable on the income earned on the deposit account) at the time of the agreement to enter into the initial combination;

 

“affiliate” are to companies controlled by or under common control with the Sponsor, our officers, and/or our officers’ controlled entities;

 

“common stock” are to the shares of our common stock, par value $0.0001, offered as a part of our units in this offering;

 

“DGCL” are to the Delaware General Corporation Law;

 

“founder shares” are to the 1,725,000 shares of our common stock initially purchased by our Sponsor in a private placement prior to this offering (including up to an aggregate of 225,000 shares of our common stock subject to forfeiture by our sponsor depending on the extent to which the underwriters’ over-allotment option is not exercised in full or in part);

 

“initial business combination” are to our merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more target businesses that together have a fair market value equal to at least 80% of the balance in our trust account (less any taxes payable on interest earned) at the time of our signing a definitive agreement in connection with our such business combination;

 

  “insiders” and “initial stockholders” are to the Sponsor, directors, officers and any holders of our founder shares prior to closing of this offering (or their permitted transferees);

 

“management team” are to Mr. Hui Chen, Mr. Robert L. Labbe, and our independent directors (Mr. Brandon Miller, Mr. Daniel M. McCabe, and Mr. Michael Lazar), collectively;

 

“private placement shares” and “private shares” are to shares of common stock included in our private units;

 

  “private rights” are to the rights included in our private units;

 

  “private units” are to the units, each consisting of one common stock and one right that our sponsor is purchasing in a private placement concurrent with the closing of this offering, as well as any units issued upon conversion of working capital loans;

 

  “working capital loan” are to certain loans to be extended by our initial stockholders, officers and directors or their affiliates in order to meet our working capital needs following the consummation of this offering if the funds not held in the trust account are insufficient. Our initial stockholders, officers and directors or their affiliates may, but are not obligated to, loan us funds, from time to time or at any time, in whatever amount they deem reasonable in their sole discretion. Each loan would be evidenced by a promissory note. The notes would either be paid upon consummation of our initial business combination, without interest, or, at the relevant insider’s discretion, up to $500,000 of the notes may be converted upon consummation of our business combination into private units at a price of $10.00 per unit (which, for example, would result in the holders being issued units to acquire 50,000 shares of common stock and 5,000 rights if $500,000 of notes were so converted). If we do not complete a business combination, the loans will only be repaid with funds not held in the trust account, to the extent available;

 

  “rights” are to the rights included as part of our public and private units, and each unit includes one-tenth (1/10) of a right, with each right entitles the holder thereof to automatically receive one share of a common stock upon consummation of our initial business combination. In the event we will not be the surviving company upon completion of our initial business combination, each holder of whole rights will be required to affirmatively convert his, her or its rights in order to receive shares of common stock underlying such rights upon consummation of the business combination. We will not issue fractional shares in connection with an exchange of rights;

 

 

1

 

 

“public shares” are to shares of common stock included in the public units that are registered and described herein as a part of our public offering;

 

“Sponsor” are to Yocto Investments LLC;

 

  “public units” are to the 6,000,000 units (or 6,900,000 units if the underwriters’ over-allotment option is exercised in full) offered to the public investors as described in this registration statement, which is comprised of one share of common stock and one-tenth (1/10) of one right; and

 

Except as specifically provided otherwise, the information in this prospectus assumes that the underwriters will not exercise their over-allotment option.

 

Our Company

 

General

 

We are a blank check company formed under the laws of the State of Delaware on May 1, 2023 for the purpose of entering into a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, share purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses or entities, which we refer to throughout this prospectus as our initial business combination. Our efforts to identify a prospective target business will not be limited, although the company intends to prioritize the evaluation of businesses in Asia (excluding China, Hong Kong, and Macau) that operate in the financial technology sector. We shall not undertake our initial business combination with any entity with its principal business operations in China (including Hong Kong and Macau). We do not have any specific business combination under consideration and we have not (nor has anyone on our behalf), directly or indirectly, contacted any prospective target business or had any substantive discussions, formal or otherwise, with respect to such a transaction with our company.

 

We will seek to capitalize on the significant contacts and experience of our management team, including Mr. Hui Chen, our CEO and Director, Mr. Robert L. Labbe, our CFO, and Mr. Brandon Miller, Mr. Daniel M. McCabe, and Mr. Michael Lazar, each a member of our board of directors.

 

Context and Competitive Advantage

 

We will seek to leverage our management team’s proprietary network of relationships with corporate executives, private equity, venture and growth capital funds, investment banking firms, consultants, family offices, and large corporations in order to source, acquire, and support the operations of the business combination target. We believe our team’s extensive and applicable experience investing in and operating businesses in Asia and North America will make us a preferred partner and allow us to source high-quality combination targets. Our efforts to identify a prospective target business will not be limited to a particular geographic region or industry, although the Company intends to focus on operating businesses in Asia (excluding China, Hong Kong, and Macau), and we prefer an initial business combination with a digital asset exchange, such as a bitcoin marketplace.

 

The future development and growth of digital assets such as crypto is subject to a variety of factors that are difficult to predict and evaluate. In fact, crypt asset markets in general are distressed due to recent bankruptcies and financial failure of FTX Trading Ltd. (“FTX”), which may limit our ability to identify perspective target for business combination, affect the attractiveness of prospective target business, or, following consummation of our initial business combination, our financial condition and results of operations. Digital asset exchanges on which cryptocurrencies trade are relatively new and, in most cases, largely unregulated. The legal and regulatory regimes, including the laws, rules, and regulations associated with them, are evolving and will be impacted by the bankruptcy of the FTX Exchange and other regulatory concerns with the industry generally. It is possible the failure of FTX in November 2022 and the resulting market turmoil could lead to increased SEC, CFTC, or criminal investigations, enforcement, and/or other regulatory activity, which may subject our potential business combination to significant legal and regulatory consequences, leading to significant delay or even termination of our initial business combination. For additional discussion regarding our belief about the market risks existing and future regulations pose to our initial business combination, see “Risk Factors” beginning on page 30 of this prospectus.

 

 

2

 

 

Our team consists of experienced professionals and senior operating executives who bring a unique background and skill set that will be attractive to leading Asia-based companies. We believe that we will be able to leverage the following competitive strengths in identifying, structuring, and consummating a business combination:

 

An extensive network across several industries in Asia; which include longstanding relationships with leading executives, investors, entrepreneurs, and investment bankers in the Asia region and thus will provide us with access to proprietary investment opportunities and strong deal flow in our target sectors;

 

Structuring and execution capabilities; through their respective careers, our team has extensive experience in identifying, evaluating and executing investments in companies at various stages of their life cycle. We believe that the combined and complementary expertise of our team will allow us to structure and execute a highly attractive transaction;

 

U.S. and Asia cross-border deal experience; cross-border transactions require industry and local regulatory knowledge, rigorous due diligence and structuring creativity. Our team has significant transaction experience completing large-scale domestic and cross-border transactions, involving acquirers and targets located across the U.S. and Asia.

 

Our Sponsor is Yocto Investments LLC and our manager is Ms. Chen Chen, who is the wife of our chief executive officer. We will seek to capitalize on the collective deal-making experience and business connections of our management team.

 

Hui Chen has been our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman since May 1, 2023. He has been serving as the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of Yotta Acquisition Corporation (Nasdaq: YOTA) since December 2021. Mr. Chen is a cross-industry expert in computer science and law. Mr. Chen founded Law Offices of Hui Chen & Associates, PC in 2012, a New York-based law firm. Mr. Chen focuses his practice on patent prosecution, copyright infringement, and other general intellectual property matters. Mr. Chen has also been an adjunct professor at Hofstra University since September 2019, where he instructs multiple undergraduate computer science programming courses in Visual C++. Before joining Hofstra University, Mr. Chen was an adjunct associate professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Pace University, Touro College, and Saint Francis College between 2000 and 2018 and was a full-time professor at Technical Career of Institute, College of Technology from December 2011 to December 2017. Before forming his law office in 2012, Mr. Chen worked for multiple Fortune 500 companies. Mr. Chen worked as an Oracle developer at eBay, Inc. from February 2008 to May 2015. Mr. Chen worked at IBM Global Services, where he was a solo back-end developer in designing and building the database and back-end process for DHS Inspection Application, from November 2007 to March 2008, and a programmer analyst between March 1998 and May 2004. Mr. Chen also worked at MultiPlan Inc. between June 2005 and February 2008 as a technical lead where he participated in designing new application systems and partnered with external vendors in coding and implementing new systems by using Java and Oracle PL/SQL. Before that, Mr. Chen worked at Pepsi Cola Inc. from January 2004 to June 2005, where he designed, coded, implemented, and documented a growth forecasting system and developed an automatic purchasing system. Mr. Chen received a Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from Shanghai Jiaotong University in 1992, a Bachelor’s degree in HVAC from Technical Career Institutes in 1997, a Master of Science degree in Computer Science from Pace University in 2000, and his J.D. degree from Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University in 2010. We believe that Mr. Chen’s access to contacts and sources, ranging from high-technology companies and legal contacts, will allow us to generate acquisition opportunities and identify suitable acquisition candidates.

 

Robert L. Labbe has been our Chief Financial Officer since May 1, 2023. He will become one of our directors upon the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. He has been serving as the Chief Financial Officer and director of Yotta Acquisition Corporation (Nasdaq: YOTA) since December 2021. Mr. Labbe is a real estate veteran and real estate finance attorney licensed in California and New York with over thirty (30) years of experience in real estate. Mr. Labbe also has been a manager of MCAP Realty Advisors, LLC, a real estate advisor company, since January 2010. Mr. Labbe has been the general counsel of Global Premier Development Inc. and Global Premier America, LLC, real estate development companies, from March 2012 to December 2021. Mr. Labbe was a co-founder, general counsel, and managing director of Lenders Direct Capital, a wholesale lender, and its retail affiliate Lenders Republic Financial, a nationwide mortgage banker, from May 2003 to December 2007. Mr. Labbe was also a co-founder and partner at Mazda Butler LLP, a commercial and real estate law firm in California, from January 2003 to December 2007. Mr. Labbe co-founded First Allegiance Financial, a national specialty finance company, where he was the president and chairman from September 1996 to December 1998. First Allegiance Financial was acquired by City Holding Company, a financial holding company, for approximately $22 million in 1997. Mr. Labbe received his Bachelor’s degree in Civil Law (B.C.L.) and Bachelor of Laws degree (LL.B.) from McGill University in 1982 and 1983, respectively. Mr. Labbe also received his Diplome d’Etude Collegiale St. Lawrence College (Quebec) in 1978. Mr. Labbe is a licensed broker with the California Department of Real Estate since 1990. Mr. Labbe also holds the UC Irvine Extension Light Construction and Development Management Program Certificate. We believe that Mr. Labbe is qualified to serve as a member of our board of directors due to his entrepreneurship and extensive experience in the real estate industry.

 

 

3

 

 

Brandon Miller will become one of our independent directors upon the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. He has been serving as a member of the board of directors of Yotta Acquisition Corporation (Nasdaq: YOTA) since April 2022. Mr. Miller has been the managing partner at Aspect Property Management LLC, a property management company in Connecticut, since January 2015. Before joining Aspect Property Management LLC, Mr. Miller spent a decade in the consulting industry at Matté & Company, a private and public sector consulting company from January 2005 to January 2015, where he offered executive recruiting, strategic planning, leadership, and corporate consulting services. Mr. Miller was a corporate controller at Corporate Dining Solutions, a corporate catering company, from 2003 to 2005. Mr. Miller is presently a certified manager of community associations (“CMCA”) and an association management specialist (“AMS”). Mr. Miller received his Bachelor’s degree in Finance from the University of Bridgeport in 1986 and studied in Mechanical Engineering at North Carolina State University from 1980 to 1983. We believe that Mr. Miller is qualified to serve as a member of our board of directors due to his extensive experience in the real estate and business consulting industries.

 

Daniel M. McCabe will become one of our independent directors upon the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. He has been serving as a member of the board of directors of Yotta Acquisition Corporation (Nasdaq: YOTA) since April 2022. Mr. McCabe has been admitted to practice before the Courts of the State of Connecticut since 1974. Mr. McCabe’s legal career began as an assistant clerk of the Superior Court at Stamford from 1974 to 1976, and since then he has had his own legal practice, Daniel McCabe LLC, a general practice law firm in Connecticut founded in 1982. His work includes rendering legal advice to individuals and business entities concerning commercial transactions, business organizations, and complex litigation. Mr. McCabe is also an Adjunct Professor of Business Law at Sacred Heart University. Mr. McCabe previously was the Chairman of the Stamford Housing Authority, Co-chair of the Stamford Reapportionment Committee, Member of the Board of Parole for the State of Connecticut, Chairman of the Republican Town Committee of the City of Stamford and Counsel for the Stamford Water Pollution Control Authority. He also served as Corporation Counsel for the City of Stamford where he held the position of chief legal counsel and advisor to Mayor Stanley Esposito of the City of Stamford. Mr. McCabe obtained his Juris Doctor degree from St. John’s University Law School in 1974. We believe that Mr. McCabe is qualified to serve as a member of our board of directors due to his legal experience, contacts, and relationships.

 

Michael Lazar will become one of our independent directors upon the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. He has been serving as a member of the board of directors of Yotta Acquisition Corporation (Nasdaq: YOTA) since April 2022. Mr. Lazar has over 14 years of experience in guiding corporate issuers with the filing of their regulatory filings with the SEC. Mr. Lazar founded Empire Filings, a full-service financial printer, in October 2020, and has been the chief executive officer of the company since then. Mr. Lazar acted as the chief executive officer of Adorbs, Inc., an organic apparel company quoted on the OTC market, from April 2019 to October 2020. Prior to that, Mr. Lazar worked at S2 Filings, a full-service financial printer, from August 2016 to October 2020. Mr. Lazar started his career in the financial printer industry at Vintage Filings, a full-service financial printer and a division of PR Newswire, from August 2006 to August 2016. Mr. Lazar obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Economics from Brooklyn College in 2004. We believe that Mr. Lazar is qualified to serve as a member of our board of directors due to his experience in business management.

 

Our activities thus far have been limited to the organization of the company and the preparation of this offering. Our subsequent activities will be to identify a target company and to consummate a business combination with the target. We will not limit our search of potential targets for the initial business combination, although we anticipate that our search will primarily be in the financial technology sector due to the expertise of our management. In particular we are interested in exploring the possibility of establishing a digital assets market in Asia (excluding China, Hong Kong and Macau).

 

The past performance of our management team, or their respective affiliates, is not a guarantee either (i) of success with respect to any business combination we may consummate or (ii) that we will be able to identify a suitable candidate for our initial business combination. No member of our management team has been an officer or director of a special purpose acquisition corporation in the past. You should not rely on the historical record of our management team’s or their respective affiliates’ performance as indicative of our future performance.

 

Our officers and directors may become officers or directors of another special purpose acquisition company with a class of securities intended to be registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act of 1934, prior to the completion of our initial business combination.

 

 

4

 

 

Our Business Strategy and Acquisition Criteria

 

We intend to focus our efforts on identifying and completing our initial business combination with a company in a financial technology industry that aligns with our team’s experiences, expertise and network of relationships. Our business strategy is focused on potential acquisition targets that exhibit compelling long-term growth potential and highly defensible market positions. Our experience with Asia is a key differentiator for us compared to other blank check companies, the majority of which we believe are seeking business combinations exclusively in the U.S. We believe this will allow us to generate a truly differentiated pipeline of acquisition opportunities and lead to executing a business combination with an attractive target company more quickly, efficiently, and under better terms than our competitors.

 

We believe that targeting companies in Asia (excluding China, Hong Kong and Macau) are compelling because there is a significant pool of high-quality private companies that could benefit from going public in the United States. We expect that the financial technology sector will continue to have a strong growth trajectory due to recent trends including increasing digitization, the adoption and advancement of new technology, and changes in consumer habits. We believe Asia in particular represents a compelling market environment with significant growth opportunities and favorable trends within the financial technology industry. We believe that the COVID-19 pandemic and Asia’s growing market has enabled consumer adoption of financial technology to accelerate, creating massive opportunities for our team to capitalize on. Given the high level of business formation and development in Asia, and the number of high-quality emerging companies seeking access to the US capital markets in our network, we believe that we will be able to engage with many leading, Asia-based companies (excluding China, Hong Kong and Macau) interested in a business combination. We shall not undertake our initial business combination with any entity with its principal business operations in China (including Hong Kong and Macau).

 

We have identified the following general criteria and guidelines as we evaluate prospective target companies.

 

Large underpenetrated markets with favorable industry dynamics. We intend to actively look for suitable investment opportunities within the financial technology sector with an enterprise value of approximately $250 million to $1 billion. We will prioritize targets that are already benefiting from or capitalizing on trends found within their respective sectors.

 

Strong management team. The strength of the management team will be an important component in our review process. We will seek to partner with a visionary, experienced and professional management team that can drive growth, strategic decision making and long-term value creation.

 

Defensible market position with sustainable competitive advantage. We intend to favor targets that have a strong competitive advantage or are category leaders in their respective verticals. We will target companies that have strong intellectual property, technology, or brand equity within their respective sectors and that can be further monetized on a global basis.

 

Asia-domiciled but operating on a global basis. We will seek targets that have already established a strong operating history within Asia (excluding China, Hong Kong and Macau), but which possess a competitive edge to expand into new geographic regions where similar needs exist.

 

Benefit from being a public company. We intend to only acquire businesses that would benefit from being publicly traded in the United States, including access to broader sources of capital and expanded market awareness. This improved access to capital could allow the targets to accelerate growth, pursue new projects, retain and hire employees, and expand into new geographies or businesses.

 

While we intend to use these criteria in evaluating the attractiveness of potential business combination opportunities, we may ultimately decide to enter into an initial business combination with a target business that does not meet these criteria. In the event that we decide to enter into our initial business combination with a target business that does not meet the above criteria and guidelines, we will disclose that the target business does not meet the above criteria and guidelines in stockholder communications related to our initial business combination, which, as discussed in this prospectus, would be in the form of tender offer documents or proxy solicitation materials that we would file with the SEC.

 

In evaluating a prospective target business, we expect to conduct a thorough due diligence review that will encompass, among other things, meetings with incumbent management and employees, document reviews, interviews of customers and suppliers, inspection of facilities, as well as the review of financial and other information which will be made available to us. We will also utilize our operational and capital allocation experience. Our acquisition criteria, due diligence processes, and value creation methods are not intended to be exhaustive. Any evaluation relating to the merits of a particular initial business combination may be based, to the extent relevant, on these general guidelines as well as other considerations, factors, and criteria that our management may deem relevant.

 

 

5

 

 

Yotta Acquisition Corporation

 

On March 8, 2021, our management co-founded Yotta Acquisition Corporation, a Delaware corporation (“Yotta”), a special purpose acquisition company incorporated for the purposes of effecting a business combination. On April 22, 2022, Yotta consummated its initial public offering of 11,500,000 units (including 1,500,000 units issued upon the full exercise of the over-allotment option), each unit consisting of one share of common stock and one-tenth (1/10) of one right, for an offering price of $10.00 per unit. Its units, common stock and rights are currently traded on Nasdaq under symbols “YOTAU”, “YOTA” and “YOTAR,” respectively.

 

On October 24, 2022, Yotta entered into a certain merger agreement (the “Merger Agreement”) by and among NaturalShrimp Incorporated (“NaturalShrimp”), a Nevada corporation, Yotta, and Yotta Merger Sub, Inc. (“MergerSub”), a Nevada corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Yotta. At the closing of the merger in consideration, Yotta will issue 17.5 million shares of its common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, to the former security holders of Yotta. Following the closing of the merger, the former security holders of NaturalShrimp will be entitled to receive up to 10,000,000 additional shares of Yotta’s common stock if, following the closing of the merger, NaturalShrimp meets or exceeds either of two annual revenue thresholds for each of the fiscal years ending on March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2025. After the closing of the merger, if NaturalShrimp meets or exceeds $15,000,000 in revenue (per its audited financial statements) for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2024, then Yotta will issue 5,000,000 shares of Yotta’s common stock to the former security holders of NaturalShrimp. If NaturalShrimp meets or exceeds $30,000,000 in revenue (per its audited financial statements) for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2025, then Yotta will issue 5,000,000 shares of its common stock to the former security holders of NaturalShrimp.

 

At a special meeting of stockholders held on April 19, 2023, Yotta’s stockholders approved Yotta to enter into an amendment to the Investment Management Trust Agreement with Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company (the “Trust Amendment”) dated as of April 19, 2023. Pursuant to the Trust Amendment, Yotta has the right to extend time to complete its business combination (the “Business Combination Period”) under the Trust Agreement for a period of 12 months from April 22, 2023 to April 22, 2024 and to the extent Yotta’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation is amended to extend the Business Combination Period, by depositing $120,000 for each such one-month extension into Yotta’s trust account. Yotta filed an amendment to its Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation with the Delaware Secretary of State on April 19, 2023 giving Yotta the right to extend the Business Combination Period from April 22, 2023 to April 22, 2024.

 

On April 21, 2023, May 17, 2023 and June 20, 2023, Yotta each deposited $120,000 (an aggregate of $360,000) into its trust account in order to extend the period of time it has to complete a business combination for an additional one (1) month period, respectively. The purpose of the extensions is to provide more time for Yotta to complete a business combination.

 

By a letter dated August 10, 2023 (the “Termination Letter”), Yotta informed NaturalShrimp that it was terminating the Merger Agreement. The termination of the Merger Agreement was due to breaches by NaturalShrimp of its obligations thereunder including, but not limited to, NaturalShrimp’s obligation to share the costs associated with the extension of the deadline by which Yotta must complete an initial business combination. Although the payments were to be shared equally, NaturalShrimp failed to provide its portion despite being notified of its obligation to do so.

 

NaturalShrimp has not responded to the Termination Letter but previously sent a notification that it was terminating the Merger Agreement. Yotta rejected that purported termination as it does not believe NaturalShrimp has a legal basis under the Merger Agreement to terminate it. Moreover, pursuant to Section 10.2(b) of the Merger Agreement, NaturalShrimp was not authorized to terminate the Merger Agreement when it was in breach of its terms. Yotta also included in the Termination Letter a demand for the $3 million termination fee due to it under the terms of the Merger Agreement.

 

Certain member of our management are officers and/or directors of Yotta, including Mr. Hui Chen serves as Chairman and CEO, Mr. Robert L. Labbe serves as the CFO and director, and each of Mr. Brandon Miller, Mr. Daniel M. McCabe and Mr. Michael Lazar serves as an independent director, and each of the foregoing own fiduciary duties under Delaware general corporate law to Yotta. For more details about our management’s conflict of interests, see “Management-Conflicts of Interest” on page 104 of this prospectus.

 

Acquisition Process

 

In evaluating a prospective target business, we expect to conduct an extensive due diligence review which may encompass, as applicable and among other things, meetings with incumbent management and employees, document reviews, interviews of customers and suppliers, inspection of facilities and a review of financial and other information about the target and its industry. We will also utilize our management team’s operational and capital planning experience as a part of our analysis of any potential target.

 

We are not prohibited from pursuing an initial business combination with a target that is affiliated with our Sponsor, officers, or directors nor making the initial business combination through a joint venture or other form of shared ownership with our Sponsor, officers, or directors. In the event we seek to complete our initial business combination with an initial business combination target that is affiliated with our Sponsor, officers, or directors, we, or a committee of independent directors, would obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm or another independent entity that commonly renders valuation opinions that such an initial business combination is fair to our company from a financial point of view.

 

 

6

 

 

Our directors and officers may have a conflict of interest with respect to evaluating a particular business combination if the retention or resignation of any such officers and directors was included by a target business as a condition to any agreement with respect to our initial business combination. More specifically, all of our officers and directors have fiduciary and contractual duties to Yotta Acquisition Corporation (“Yotta”), which executed a definitive merger agreement in connection with its initial business combination on October 24, 2022. To the extent that Yotta decides to terminate the agreements with its current target and pursue other opportunity, it may compete with us for business combination opportunities. For more details about our management’s conflict of interests, see “Management-Conflicts of Interest” on page 104 of this prospectus. If Yotta decides to pursue any such opportunity, we may be precluded from pursuing such opportunities. Subject to his or her fiduciary duties under Delaware law, none of the members of our management team who are also employed by, or directors of, our sponsor or its affiliates have any obligation to present us with any opportunity for a potential business combination of which they become aware. Our sponsor and directors and officers are also not prohibited from sponsoring, investing or otherwise becoming involved with, any other blank check companies, including in connection with their initial business combinations, prior to us completing our initial business combination. Our management team, in their capacities as directors, officers or employees of our sponsor or its affiliates or in their other endeavors, may choose to present potential business combinations to the related entities described above, current or future entities affiliated with or managed by our sponsor, or third parties, before they present such opportunities to us, subject to his or her fiduciary duties under Delaware law and any other applicable fiduciary duties.

 

Certain of our directors and officers currently have, and any of them in the future may have additional, fiduciary, or contractual obligations to another entity pursuant to which such officer or director is or will be required to present a business combination opportunity to such entity subject to his or her fiduciary duties. If any of our directors or officers becomes aware of a business combination opportunity that falls within the line of business of any entity to which he or she has then-existing fiduciary or contractual obligations, he or she may be required to present such business combination opportunity to such entity prior to presenting such business combination opportunity to us.

 

No members of our management team have any obligation to present us with any opportunity for a potential business combination of which they become aware, unless presented to such member specifically in his or her capacity as an officer or a director of the company. Members of our management team may be required to present potential business combinations to other entities to whom they have fiduciary duties before they present such opportunities to us. Any knowledge or presentation of such opportunities may therefore present conflicts of interest.

 

Initial Business Combination

 

We have 9 months from the closing of this offering to consummate our initial business combination (“Combination Period”). If we anticipate that we may not be able to consummate our initial business combination within 9 months from the closing of this offering, we may, but are not obligated to, if requested by our sponsor or its affiliates, extend Combination Period up to two times by an additional three months each time for a total of up to 15 months by depositing $600,000 (or $690,000 if the underwriters’ over-allotment option is exercised in full) in connection with each such extension into our trust account (the “Paid Extension Period”). In addition, we will be entitled to an automatic six-month extension to complete a business combination (the “Automatic Extension Period”) if we have executed a letter of intent, agreement in principle or definitive agreement for an initial business combination during the Combination Period or Paid Extension Period. If we are unable to consummate our initial business combination within such time period, we will, as promptly as possible but not more than ten (10) business days thereafter, redeem 100% of our outstanding public shares for a pro rata portion of the funds held in the trust account, including a pro rata portion of any interest earned on the funds held in the trust account and not previously released to us or necessary to pay our taxes, and then seek to liquidate and dissolve. However, we may not be able to distribute such amounts as a result of claims of creditors which may take priority over the claims of our public shareholders. In the event of our liquidation and subsequent dissolution, the public and private rights will expire and will be worthless. Our public stockholders will not be afforded an opportunity to vote on our extensions of time to consummate an initial business combination from 9 months to up to 15 months or redeem their shares in connection with such extensions.

 

Our initial business combination must occur with one or more target businesses that together have an aggregate fair market value of at least 80% of the assets held in the trust account (excluding the deferred underwriting commissions and taxes payable) at the time of the agreement to enter into the initial business combination. If our board is not able to independently determine the fair market value of the target business or businesses, we will obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm that is a member of FINRA, or an independent accounting firm with respect to the satisfaction of such criteria. Our stockholders may not be provided with a copy of such opinion, nor will they be able to rely on such opinion.

 

We will either (1) seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination at a meeting called for such purpose, at which stockholders may seek to redeem their shares, regardless of whether they vote for or against, or abstain from voting on, the proposed business combination, for their pro rata share of the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account (net of taxes payable), or (2) provide our stockholders with the opportunity to sell their shares to us by means of a tender offer (and thereby avoid the need for a stockholder vote) for an amount equal to their pro rata share of the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account (net of taxes payable), in each case subject to the limitations described herein. The decision as to whether we will seek stockholder approval of our proposed business combination or allow stockholders to sell their shares to us in a tender offer will be made by us, solely in our discretion, and will be based on a variety of factors such as the timing of the transaction and whether the terms of the transaction would otherwise require us to seek stockholder approval. Any tender offer documents used in connection with a business combination will contain substantially the same financial and other information about the initial business combination as is required under the SEC’s proxy rules.

 

 

7

 

 

Pursuant to the Nasdaq listing rules, our initial business combination must occur with one or more target businesses having an aggregate fair market value of at least 80% of the value of the trust account (excluding any deferred underwriting discounts and taxes payable on the income earned on the trust account), at the time of the agreement to enter into the initial business combination, which we refer to as the 80% test. We are not required to obtain an opinion from an unaffiliated third party that the target business we select has a fair market value in excess of at least 80% of the balance of the trust account unless our board of directors cannot make such determination on its own. If our board of directors is not able to independently determine the fair market value of the target business or businesses, we will obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm that is a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) or an independent valuation or appraisal firm with respect to satisfaction of such criteria. Our stockholders may not be provided with a copy of such opinion nor will they be able to rely on such opinion. We do not intend to purchase multiple businesses in unrelated industries in conjunction with our initial business combination. Subject to this requirement, our management will have virtually unrestricted flexibility in identifying and selecting one or more prospective businesses, although we will not be permitted to effectuate our initial business combination with another blank check company or a similar company with nominal operations. Additionally, pursuant to Nasdaq rules, any initial business combination must be approved by a majority of our independent directors.

 

We anticipate structuring our initial business combination so that the post-transaction company in which our public stockholders own shares will own or acquire 100% of the equity interests or assets of the target business or businesses. We may, however, structure our initial business combination such that the post-transaction company owns less than 100% of such interests or assets of the target business in order to meet certain objectives of the target management team or stockholders or for other reasons, but we will only complete such business combination if the post-transaction company owns 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of the target or otherwise owns a controlling interest in the target sufficient for it not to be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or the Investment Company Act. Even if the post-transaction company owns 50% or more of the voting securities of the target, our stockholders prior to the business combination may collectively own a minority interest in the post-transaction company, depending on valuations ascribed to the target and us in the business combination transaction. For example, we could pursue a transaction in which we issue a substantial number of new shares in exchange for all of the outstanding capital stock of a target. In this case, we would acquire a 100% controlling interest in the target. However, as a result of the issuance of a substantial number of new shares, our stockholders immediately prior to our initial business combination could own less than a majority of our outstanding shares subsequent to our initial business combination. If less than 100% of the equity interests or assets of a target business or businesses are owned or acquired by the post-transaction company, the portion of such business or businesses that is owned or acquired is what will be valued for purposes of the 80% test. If the business combination involves more than one target business, the 80% of fair market value test will be based on the aggregate value of all of the target businesses and we will treat the target businesses together as the initial business combination for purposes of a tender offer or for seeking stockholder approval, as applicable.

 

The net proceeds of this offering released to us from the trust account upon the closing of our initial business combination may be used as consideration to pay the sellers of a target business with which we complete our initial business combination. If our initial business combination is paid for using equity or debt securities, or not all of the funds released from the trust account are used for payment of the consideration in connection with our initial business combination or used for redemption of our public shares, we may use the balance of the cash released to us from the trust account following the closing for general corporate purposes, including for maintenance or expansion of operations of the post-transaction businesses, the payment of principal or interest due on indebtedness incurred in completing our initial business combination, to fund the purchase of other companies or for working capital. In addition, we may be required to obtain additional financing in connection with the closing of our initial business combination to be used following the closing for general corporate purposes as described above. There is no limitation on our ability to raise funds through the issuance of equity or equity-linked securities or through loans, advances or other indebtedness in connection with our initial business combination. Subject to compliance with applicable securities laws, we would only complete such financing simultaneously with the completion of our initial business combination. At this time, we are not a party to any arrangement or understanding with any third party with respect to raising any additional funds through the sale of securities or otherwise. None of our Sponsor, officers, directors or stockholders is required to provide any financing to us in connection with or after our initial business combination. We may also obtain financing prior to the closing of our initial business combination to fund our working capital needs and transaction costs in connection with our search for and completion of our initial business combination. Our certificate of incorporation will provide that, following this offering and prior to the consummation of our initial business combination, we will be prohibited from issuing additional securities that would entitle the holders thereof to (i) receive funds from the trust account or (ii) vote (a) on any initial business combination or (b) to approve an amendment to our certificate of incorporation to (x) extend the time we have to consummate a business combination beyond 9 months from the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part (or until 18 months if we extend the period of time to consummate a business combination by the maximum amount) or (y) amend the foregoing provisions, unless (in connection with any such amendment to our certificate of incorporation) we offer our public stockholders the opportunity to redeem their public shares.

 

 

8

 

 

Corporate Information

 

Our principal office is located at 1185 Avenue of the Americas, Suite 301, New York, New York 10036, and our telephone number is (212) 612-1400.

 

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act. As such, we are eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies” including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. If some investors find our securities less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our securities and the prices of our securities may be more volatile.

 

Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an “emerging growth company” can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. In other words, an “emerging growth company” can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We intend to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period.

 

We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following the fifth anniversary of the completion of this offering, (b) in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least $1.235 billion, or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the prior June 30th, and (2) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt securities during the prior three-year period. References herein to “emerging growth company” shall have the meaning associated with it in the JOBS Act.

 

Additionally, we are a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Rule 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K. Smaller reporting companies may take advantage of certain reduced disclosure obligations, including, among other things, providing only two years of audited financial statements. We will remain a smaller reporting company until the last day of the fiscal year in which (1) the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeds $250 million as of the prior June 30th, or (2) our annual revenues exceed $100 million during such completed fiscal year and the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last completed fiscal year.

 

Private Placement

 

Yocto Investments LLC has committed to purchase from us an aggregate of 235,045 units, which we refer to as the private units, at a price of $10.00 per unit (for a total purchase price of $2,350,450) or up to 253,045 units at $10.00 per unit (for a total purchase price of $2,530,450) if the underwriter elects to fully exercise its over-allotment option. This or these purchases will occur by way of one or more private placements, initially with the commencement of this offering and then at any time for that forty-five-day period in which the underwriter may exercise its over-allotment option in part or in full. Most of the proceeds that we receive from the private units will be placed in the trust account described below so as to fund the trust account in that amount representing one hundred and one percent (101%) of the amount of the public shares, with the anticipated balance of $345,000 being held in the company’s working capital accounts and reserved for expenses related to our search process. We are not permitted to use the proceeds placed in the trust account and the interests earned thereon to pay any excise taxes or any other similar fees or taxes in nature that may be imposed on the Company pursuant to any current, pending or future rules or laws, including without limitation any excise tax due imposed under the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) of 2022 (H.R. 5376) on any redemptions or stock buybacks by the Company.

 

The company will enter into a registration rights agreement upon or prior to the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part with the purchasers of these private units and the purchasers of the founder shares which will permit the registration of those same securities (or their underlying parts) after the consummation of the initial business combination. As with the founder shares, the purchasers of these private units will agree to: waive their right to redeem their shares of common stock in connection with the initial business combination, vote in favor of any proposed initial business combination, and waive any claim of right to the funds held in the trust account upon liquidation or other events. As such, if we do not complete our initial business combination within 9 months from the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable), public stockholders will have the right to redeem their public shares (subject to the requirements of applicable law) in exchange for their pro rata share of the funds available in the trust account; thereafter, the holders of those shares of common stock attributable to the sale of private units and the founder shares will participate with all other stockholders in any claims to funds that may remain in the capital accounts of the company. The likely result is that absent an initial business combination, these private units, like the founder shares, will expire worthless or with de minimis value.

 

 

9

 

 

The Offering

 

In making your decision as to whether to invest in our securities, you should take into account not only the backgrounds of the members of our management team, but also the special risks we face as a blank check company and the fact that this offering is not being conducted in compliance with Rule 419 as promulgated under the Securities Act. You therefore will not be entitled to protections normally afforded to investors in Rule 419 blank check offerings. You should carefully consider these and the other risks set forth in the section below entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 30 of this prospectus.

 

Securities offered  

6,000,000 units at $10.00 per unit, each unit consisting of:

     
    one share of common stock, and
       
    one-tenth (1/10) of one right.
       
   

Each right entitles the holder thereof to receive one common stock upon consummation of our initial business combination.

       
Proposed Nasdaq symbols  

We anticipate that the units, the shares of common stock, and the rights, once they begin separate trading, will be listed on the Nasdaq under the symbols,

     
    units: QETAU;
       
    common stock: QETA; and
       
    rights: QETAR.
     
Separation of common stock and rights  

Each of the shares of common stock and rights may trade separately on the 52nd day after the date of this prospectus unless EF Hutton determines that an earlier date is acceptable (based upon, among other things, its assessment of the relative strengths of the securities markets and small capitalization companies in general, and the trading pattern of, and demand for, our securities in particular). In no event will EF Hutton allow separate trading of the shares of common stock and rights prior to our filing of an audited balance sheet with the SEC which evidences our receipt of the gross proceeds from this offering. We will also include in the Form 8-K, or amendment thereto, or in a subsequent Form 8-K, information indicating if EF Hutton has allowed separate trading of the common stock and rights prior to the 52nd day after the date of this prospectus.

     
   

Once the shares of common stock and rights commence separate trading, holders will have the option to continue to hold units or separate their units into their component pieces. Holders will need to have their brokers contact our transfer agent in order to separate the units into separately traded shares of common stock and rights. No fractional shares will be issued upon separation of the units and only whole shares will trade.

     
The Filing of Form 8-K   We will file a current report on Form 8-K with the SEC, including an audited balance sheet, promptly upon the consummation of this offering, which is anticipated to take place two business days from the date the units commence trading. The audited balance sheet will reflect our receipt of the proceeds from the exercise of the over-allotment option if the over-allotment option is exercised on the date of this prospectus. If the over-allotment option is exercised after the date of this prospectus, we will file an amendment to the Current Report on Form 8-K or a new Current Report on Form 8-K to provide new financial information to reflect the exercise of the over-allotment option. We will also include in the Current Report on Form 8-K, or amendment thereto, or in a subsequent current report on Form 8-K, information indicating if EF Hutton has allowed separate trading of the shares of common stock and rights prior to the 52nd day after the date of this prospectus.

 

 

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Units:    
     
Number outstanding before this offering   0
     
Number to be sold in this offering   6,000,000
     
Number to be sold in the private placement   235,045(1)
     
Number outstanding after this offering   6,235,045(1)
     
Shares of common stock:    
     
Number outstanding before this offering   1,725,000 shares of common stock(2)
     
Number outstanding after this offering and private placement offering   7,795,045 shares of common stock(3)
     
Rights:    
     
Number of Rights outstanding before this offering   0
     
Number of Rights to be sold in this offering   600,000(4)
     
Number of Rights to be sold in the private placement as part of the private placement units   23,505(4)
     
Number of Rights outstanding after this offering   623,505(4)

 

 
(1) This assumes no exercise of the underwriter’s over-allotment option and thus the sale of 6,000,000 public units and 235,045 private units. The underwriter may exercise its over-allotment option partially or in full, which may lead to the sales of a maximum aggregate amount of 6,900,000 public units and 253,045 private units. Each unit consists of one share of common stock and one-tenth (1/10) of one right.
(2) Includes up to an aggregate of 225,000 shares of common stock that are subject to forfeiture by our sponsor depending on the extent to which the underwriters’ over-allotment option is not exercised in full or in part.
(3) Comprised of 7,500,000 shares of common stock, 60,000 representative’s shares, and 235,045 shares of our common stock underlying the private placement units. The numbers assume that the underwriters’ over-allotment has not been exercised and an aggregate of 225,000 shares of common stock held by our sponsor have been forfeited. If the over-allotment option is exercised in full, there will be a total of 8,947,045 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.
(4) This assumes that the over-allotment option has not been exercised. If the over-allotment option is exercised in full, there will be a total of 715,305 rights issued and outstanding, including an aggregate of 23,505 rights underlying the private units.

 

 

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Terms of Rights:  

Upon consummation of our initial business combination, each holder of one (1) public right may redeem such one (1) right in exchange for one share of common stock. We will not issue fractional shares in connection with an exchange of rights. If we are unable to complete an initial business combination within the required time period, and we redeem the public shares for the funds held in the trust account, holders of rights will not receive any of such funds for their rights and the rights will expire worthless.

     
Founder shares   On May 17, 2023, our Sponsor purchased 1,725,000 shares of our common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $25,000, or approximately $0.0145 per share (or $0.0167 in the case of the forfeiture of 225,000 shares of common stock if the over-allotment option is not exercised). The per share purchase price of the founder shares was determined by dividing the amount of cash contributed to the company by the aggregate number of founder shares issued. Prior to the initial investment in the company of $25,000 by our Sponsor, the company had no assets, tangible or intangible. The number of founder shares issued was determined based on the expectation that the founder shares would represent approximately 20% of the outstanding shares after this offering (not including the shares to be issued to the underwriter at closing or the shares underlying the private placement units). None of our Sponsor, officers, nor directors have expressed an intention to purchase any units in this public offering. We will effect a stock dividend or share contribution prior to this offering should the size of the offering change, in order to maintain such ownership percentage.
     
    The founder shares are subject to certain transfer restrictions, as described in more detail below, although we will grant registration rights to the founders for those shares by way of the registration rights agreement to be entered into on or prior to the closing of this offering.
     
    Our Sponsor, officers, and directors will have entered into a letter agreement with us, pursuant to which they agree (i) to waive their redemption rights with respect to their founder shares and private placement shares in connection with the completion of our initial business combination and (ii) to waive their rights to liquidating distributions from the trust account with respect to their founder shares and private placement shares if we fail to complete our initial business combination within 9 months from the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part (or 15 months or up to 21 months if we extend such period as described in more detail in this prospectus) (although they will be entitled to liquidating distributions from the trust account with respect to any public shares they hold if we fail to complete our initial business combination within the prescribed time frame). If we submit our initial business combination to our public stockholders for a vote, our Sponsor has agreed, pursuant to such letter agreement, to vote its founder shares and any public shares purchased during or after this offering in favor of our initial business combination, if permitted by law or regulation.
     
    The founder shares are identical to our common stock included in the units being sold in this offering, except that:
         
    the founder shares are subject to certain transfer restrictions, as described in more detail below;

 

 

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    our sponsor, officers and directors have entered into a letter agreement with us, pursuant to which they have agreed to (i) waive their redemption rights with respect to any founder shares and public shares they hold in connection with the completion of our initial business combination, (ii) waive their redemption rights with respect to any founder shares and public shares they hold in connection with a stockholder vote to approve an amendment to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation (A) to modify the substance or timing of the ability of holders of our public shares to seek redemption in connection with our initial business combination or our obligation to redeem 100% of our public shares if we do not complete our initial business combination within 9 months from the closing of this offering (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) or (B) with respect to any other provision relating to stockholders' rights or pre-initial business combination activity and (iii) waive their rights to liquidating distributions from the trust account with respect to any founder shares they hold if we fail to complete our initial business combination within 9 months from the closing of this offering (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable), although they will be entitled to liquidating distributions from the trust account with respect to any public shares they hold if we fail to complete our initial business combination within the prescribed time frame. Permitted transferees of the founder shares held by our sponsor, officers, directors, special advisor and our other advisors would be subject to the same restrictions;
         
     

pursuant to the letter agreement, our sponsor, officers and directors have agreed to vote any founder shares held by them and any public shares purchased during or after this offering (including in open market and privately negotiated transactions) in favor of our initial business combination, if permitted by law or regulation. If we submit our initial business combination to our public stockholders for a vote, we will complete our initial business combination only if a majority of the outstanding shares of common stock voted are voted in favor of the initial business combination. As a result, in addition to our initial stockholders' founder shares, we would need a minimum of 213,717, or 3.56%, of the 6,000,000 public shares sold in this offering (if the approval requirement was a majority of shares voted and the minimum number of shares required for a quorum attended the meeting and assuming the over-allotment option has not been exercised and an aggregate of 225,000 founder shares have been forfeited as a result thereof), would need to be voted in favor a business combination in order for it to be approved. Additionally, each public stockholder may elect to redeem its public shares irrespective of whether they vote for or against, or abstain from voting on, the proposed transaction (subject to the limitation described in the preceding paragraph); and

         
    the founder shares are entitled to registration rights.
         
Transfer restrictions on founder shares   Our Sponsor and initial stockholders have agreed not to transfer, assign, or sell any of the founder shares (except to certain permitted transferees) until, with respect to 50% of the founder shares, the earlier of six months after the date of the consummation of our initial business combination and the date on which the closing price of our common stock equals or exceeds $12.50 per share for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period following the consummation of our initial business combination and, with respect to the remaining 50% of the founder shares, six months after the date of the consummation of our initial business combination, or earlier in each case if, subsequent to our initial business combination, we complete a liquidation, merger, stock exchange or other similar transaction which results in all of our stockholders having the right to exchange their shares of common stock for cash, securities, or other property. All of the founder shares issued and outstanding prior to the date of this prospectus will be held in escrow with Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company during the period in which they are subject to the transfer restrictions described above.

 

 

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Private placement units  

Our Sponsor has committed, pursuant to certain written agreement, to purchase an aggregate of 235,045 private placement units (or, if the over-allotment option is exercised in full, 253,045 private placement units) at a price of $10.00 per unit in a private placement that will occur simultaneously with the closing of this offering. A portion of the proceeds derived from the sale of the private units will be added to the proceeds from this offering, which together will be held in the trust account such that, upon the consummation of this offering, $60.6 million (or $69.69 million if the underwriter exercises its over-allotment option in full) will be held in the trust account.

 

Each of the private units sold by way of private placement will be identical to the publicly offered units described in this prospectus, except that, pursuant to certain letter agreement, the purchasers of the founder shares and the private units have agreed to waive their redemption rights with respect to their founder shares and private units: (i) in connection with the consummation of the initial business combination; (ii) in connection with a stockholder vote to amend the terms of our certificate of incorporation or bylaws which specify (a) the substance or timing of our obligation to permit the redemption of shares in connection with our initial business combination, (b) the requirement to redeem 100% of our public shares if we do not complete our initial business combination within 9 months from the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable), or (c) with respect to any other provision relating to stockholders' rights or pre-initial business combination activity; and, (iii) if we fail to consummate a business combination within 9 months post-effectiveness of the registration statement of the securities described herein (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) or if we liquidate prior to the expiration of the prescribed period.

     

Transfer restrictions on the private placement units

  Subject to any applicable law to which we and the Sponsor will comply, our Sponsor has agreed that it shall not transfer any of its unregistered shares until the earlier of 180 days after the completion of the initial business combination and the date on which the closing price of our common stock equals or exceeds $12.50 per share for any 20 trading days within a thirty-trading-day period following the consummation of our initial business combination and, with respect to the remaining 50% of the founder shares, six months after the date of the consummation of our initial business combination, or earlier in each case if, subsequent to our initial business combination, we complete a liquidation, merger, stock exchange, or other similar transaction which results in all of our stockholders having the right to exchange their shares of common stock for cash, securities, or other property. Our Sponsor also has agreed to hold the founder shares in escrow during the period in which they are subject to the transfer restrictions described above.
     
Proceeds to be held in the trust account  

Nasdaq rules provide that at least 90% of the gross proceeds from this offering must be deposited into a trust account ($9.00 per unit). Of the net proceeds of this offering and the sale of the private units, at least $60.6 million, or $10.10 per publicly offered unit ($69.69 million, if the underwriter's over-allotment option is exercised in full) will be placed into a trust account in the United States with Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company acting as trustee. These proceeds include $2,100,000 (or $2,415,000 if the underwriter's over-allotment option is exercised in full) in deferred underwriting discounts.

     
    The funds in the trust account will be invested only in specified U.S. government treasury bills or in specified money market funds.
     
    Except with respect to interest earned on the funds held in the trust account that may be released to us to pay our taxes, our certificate of incorporation and the trust agreement to be entered into among the company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company provide that the proceeds from this offering will not be released from the trust account until the earliest of:
       
    (a) the completion of our initial business combination;

 

 

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    (b) the redemption of any public shares properly submitted in connection with a stockholder vote to amend our certificate of incorporation to (i) modify the substance or timing of our obligation to provide for the redemption of our public shares in connection with an initial business combination or to redeem 100% of our public shares if we do not complete our initial business combination within 9 months post-effectiveness of the registration statement of the securities described herein (or 15 months or up to 21 months if we extend such period as described in more detail in this prospectus) or (ii) with respect to any other material provisions relating to stockholders' rights or pre-initial business combination activity; and,
         
    (c) the redemption of our public shares if we are unable to complete our initial business combination within 9 months post-effectiveness of the registration statement of the securities described herein (or 15 months or up to 21 months if we extend such period as described in more detail in this prospectus), subject to applicable law.
         
    The proceeds deposited in the trust account could be subject to the claims of our creditors, if any, which could have priority over the claims of our public stockholders; although we will generally seek to require that creditors waive their right to make claims against the proceeds held in the trust account.
     

Anticipated expenses and funding sources

 

 

Excluding the withdrawal of interest earned on the funds held in trust so as to pay any applicable taxes, no proceeds held in the trust account will be available for our use, unless and until we complete our initial business combination. Based upon current interest rates, we expect the trust account to generate approximately $2,727,000 of interest annually (assuming no exercise of the underwriter’s over-allotment option and an interest rate of 4.50% per annum) following the investment of such funds in specified U.S. government treasury bills or in specified money market funds.

         
    Unless and until we complete our initial business combination, we may pay our expenses only from:
       
   

$345,000 in working capital not held in trust that will be available to us from the net proceeds of this offering and the sale of the private placement units (which is the amount of funds estimated to be available after the payment of approximately $675,000 in expenses relating to this offering and certain advancements to the underwriters’ representative (excluding the underwriting discounts totaling $2,100,000 or, in the case of over-allotment $2,415,000); and

       
    any working capital loans or additional investments from our Sponsor, members of our management team or their affiliates, or other third parties, although they are under no obligation to advance funds or invest in us (and, provided that, any such loans will not have any claim on the proceeds held in the trust account unless such proceeds are released to us upon completion of a business combination).
       
    There will be no fees, reimbursements, or other cash payments paid to our insiders or any of the members of our management team prior to, or for any services they render in order to effectuate, the consummation of our initial business combination (regardless of the type of transaction involved) other than:
       
    reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses incurred by our insiders or any of their affiliates in connection with certain activities on our behalf, such as identifying and investigating possible business targets and business combinations; and,
         
      repayment of working capital loans which may be made by our insiders or any of their affiliates to finance transaction costs in connection with an initial business combination, the terms of which have not been determined.

 

 

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    There is no limit on the amount of out-of-pocket expenses reimbursable by us; provided, however, that to the extent such expenses exceed the available proceeds not deposited in the trust account, such expenses would not be reimbursed by us unless we were to consummate an initial business combination or secure another source of financing. We have no policy which prohibits our insiders or any member of our management team from negotiating the reimbursement of such expenses by a target business.
     
    Our audit committee will review and approve all reimbursements and payments made to any insider or member of our management team, or our or their respective affiliates, and any reimbursements and payments made to members of our audit committee will be reviewed and approved by our board of directors, with any interested director abstaining from such review and approval.
     
Stockholder approval of, or tender offer in connection with, initial business combination  

In connection with any proposed initial business combination, we will either: (1) seek stockholder approval of such initial business combination at a meeting called for such purpose at which stockholders may seek to redeem their shares for that pro rata amount of cash then on deposit in the trust account attributable to those shares, regardless of whether they vote for or against, or abstain from voting on, the proposed business combination; or (2) provide our stockholders with the opportunity to sell their shares to us by means of a tender offer (and thereby avoid the need for a stockholder vote) for an amount equal to their pro rata share of the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account (net of taxes payable), in each case subject to the limitations described herein. The decision as to whether we will seek stockholder approval of our proposed business combination or allow stockholders to sell their shares to us in a tender offer will be made by us, solely in our discretion, and will be based on a variety of factors such as the timing of the transaction and whether the terms of the transaction would otherwise require us to seek stockholder approval. If we provide stockholders with the opportunity to sell their shares to us by means of a tender offer, we will file tender offer documents with the SEC which will contain substantially similar financial and other information about the initial business combination as is required under the SEC’s proxy rules. If we seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination, we will consummate the business combination only if a majority of the outstanding shares of common stock voted are voted in favor of the business combination.

     
    For example, the proposed business combination may require: (i) cash consideration to be paid to the target or its owners, (ii) cash to be transferred to the target for working capital or other general corporate purposes, or (iii) the retention of cash to satisfy other conditions in accordance with the terms of the proposed business combination. In the event the aggregate cash consideration needed to satisfy cash conditions pursuant to the terms of the proposed business combination exceeds the aggregate amount of cash available to us (including any cash we may obtain from financing from third parties or our insiders or their affiliates, which may not be available on terms acceptable to us or at all), we will not complete the business combination (as we may be required to have a lesser number of shares redeemed). As a result, we may not be able to locate another suitable target within the applicable time period, if at all. If we seek stockholder approval of a business combination and if a significant number of public stockholders properly seek to redeem their public shares in connection with a proposed business combination, we or our insiders or their affiliates could purchase some or all of such shares in the open market or in private transactions in order to seek to satisfy the cash conditions. However, they have no current commitments, plans or intentions to engage in such transactions and have not formulated any terms or conditions for any such transactions. No funds from the trust account can be released from the trust account prior to the consummation of the initial business combination to make such purchases (although such purchases could be made using funds available to us after the closing of a business combination). We do not currently anticipate that such purchases, if any, would constitute a tender offer subject to the tender offer rules under the Exchange Act or a going-private transaction subject to the going-private rules under the Exchange Act; however, if the purchasers determine at the time of any such purchases that the purchases are subject to such rules, the purchasers will comply with such rules. Notwithstanding the foregoing, we or our insiders and their affiliates will not make purchases of shares of common stock if the purchases would violate Sections 9(a)(2) or 10(b) of the Exchange Act or Regulation M, which are rules that prohibit manipulation of a company’s stock, and we and they will comply with Rule 10b-18 under the Exchange Act in connection with any open-market purchases. If purchases cannot be made without violating applicable law, no such purchases will be made.

 

 

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Letter agreement among the insiders and the company   a. Our insiders have agreed A) to vote their unregistered shares in favor of any proposed business combination, if permitted by law or regulation,
         
    b. not to redeem any shares (including the founder shares and private units) into the right to receive cash from the trust account in connection with a stockholder vote to approve our proposed initial business combination (or sell to us any shares they hold in a tender offer in connection with a proposed initial business combination) or a vote to amend the provisions of our certificate of incorporation relating to the substance or timing of our obligation to redeem 100% of our public shares if we do not complete our initial business combination within 18 months from the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part, and
         
    c. that the founder shares and private units shall not be redeemable for a pro rata portion of the funds held in the trust account if a business combination is not consummated.
         
    Our insiders also have agreed, pursuant to a written agreement with us, that they will not propose any amendment to our certificate of incorporation that would (i) modify the substance or timing of our obligation to allow redemption in connection with our initial business combination or to redeem 100% of our public shares if we do not complete our initial business combination within 9 months post-effectiveness of the registration statement of the securities described herein (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) or (ii) with respect to the other provisions relating to pre-business combination activity, unless we provide our public stockholders with the opportunity to redeem their shares of common stock upon approval of any such amendment at a per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account, including interest (which interest shall be net of taxes and other permissible expenses permitted to be paid with the funds available from the interest earned) divided by the number of then issued and outstanding public shares.
     
    None of our insiders, or their affiliates has committed to purchase shares of common stock in this offering in the open market or in private transactions. However, if a significant number of stockholders vote, or indicate an intention to vote, against a proposed business combination, our insiders or their affiliates could make such purchases in the open market or in private transactions in order to influence the vote. Notwithstanding the foregoing, our insiders and their affiliates will not make purchases of shares of common stock if the purchases would violate Section 9(a)(2) or Rule 10b-5 of the Exchange Act.
     
Conditions to completing our initial business combination  

Depending on the structure of our initial business combination, as few as 163,501 public shares, or approximately 2.73% of the publicly offered shares would need to be voted for a business combination structured as an acquisition of the target pursuant to article 216 of the DGCL (assuming the minimum number of shares necessary to constitute a quorum are present and vote a majority in favor) due to our insiders' ownership of our issued and outstanding shares of common stock upon consummation of the initial public offering. If all outstanding shares of common stock are present and vote at the meeting, then 2,162,479 public shares in addition to the insiders’ shares would need to approve the transaction (which amount does not include giving effect to the exercise of rights and assumes that the underwriter does not exercise the over-allotment option).

 

 

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    There is no limitation on our ability to raise funds privately or through loans in connection with our initial business combination. Our initial business combination must occur with one or more target businesses that together have an aggregate fair market value of at least 80% of the value of the funds held in the trust account (excluding any deferred underwriter’s fees and taxes payable on the income earned on the trust account) at the time of the agreement to enter into the initial business combination. If we are no longer listed on Nasdaq, we will not be required to satisfy the 80% test. However, we intend to satisfy the requirement of the 80% test even if our securities are not listed on Nasdaq at the time of our initial business combination because this is a requirement in our certificate of incorporation which may only be avoided pursuant to an affirmative stockholder vote to amend the certificate. We do not intend to purchase multiple businesses in unrelated industries in conjunction with our initial business combination.
     
    If our board is not able to independently determine the fair market value of the target business or businesses, we may obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking or accounting firm as to the fair market value of the target business. While we consider it unlikely that our board of directors will not be able to make an independent determination of the fair market value of our initial business combination, it may be unable to do so if it is less familiar or experienced with the business of a particular target or if there is a significant amount of uncertainty as to the value of a target’s assets or prospects.
     
    We anticipate structuring our initial business combination so that the post-transaction company in which our public stockholders own shares will own or acquire 100% of the equity interests or assets of the target business or businesses. However, we may structure our initial business combination so that the post-transaction company owns or acquires less than 100% of such interests or assets of the target business in order to meet certain objectives of the target management team or stockholders, or for other reasons. However, we will only complete an initial business combination if the post-transaction company owns or acquires 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of the target or otherwise acquires a controlling interest in the target sufficient for it not to be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act. Even if the post-transaction company owns or acquires 50% or more of the voting securities of the target, our stockholders prior to the initial business combination may collectively own a minority interest in the post-transaction company, depending on valuations ascribed to the target and us in the initial business combination. For example, we could pursue a transaction in which we issue a substantial number of new shares in exchange for all of the outstanding capital stock of a target. In this case, we would acquire a 100% controlling interest in the target. However, as a result of the issuance of a substantial number of new shares, our stockholders immediately prior to our initial business combination could own less than a majority of our outstanding shares subsequent to our initial business combination. If less than 100% of the equity interests or assets of a target business or businesses are owned or acquired by the post-transaction company, the portion of such business or businesses that is owned or acquired is what will be taken into account for purposes of Nasdaq’s 80% of fair market value test. If the initial business combination involves more than one target business, the 80% of fair market value test will be based on the aggregate value of all of the transactions and we will treat the target businesses together as our initial business combination for purposes of seeking stockholder approval or conducting a tender offer, as applicable.

 

 

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Permitted purchases of public shares by our affiliates

 

  If we seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination and we do not conduct redemptions in connection with our initial business combination pursuant to the tender offer rules, our Sponsor, initial stockholders, directors, officers, advisors, or their affiliates may purchase public shares in privately-negotiated transactions or in the open market either prior to or following the completion of our initial business combination. There is no limit on the number of shares our initial stockholders, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates may purchase in such transactions, subject to compliance with applicable law and Nasdaq rules.
     
    However, they have no current commitments, plans or intentions to engage in such transactions and have not formulated any terms or conditions for any such transactions. If they engage in such transactions, they will not make any such purchases when they are in possession of any material non-public information not disclosed to the seller or if such purchases are prohibited by Regulation M under the Exchange Act. Subsequent to the consummation of this offering, we will adopt an insider trading policy which will require insiders to: (i) refrain from purchasing our securities during certain blackout periods when they are in possession of any material non-public information and (ii) clear all trades of company securities with a compliance officer prior to execution. We cannot currently determine whether our insiders will make such purchases pursuant to a Rule 10b5-1 plan, as it will be dependent upon several factors, including but not limited to, the timing and size of such purchases. Depending on such circumstances, our insiders may either make such purchases pursuant to a Rule 10b5-1 plan or determine that such a plan is not necessary. We do not currently anticipate that such purchases, if any, would constitute a tender offer subject to the tender offer rules under the Exchange Act or a going-private transaction subject to the going-private rules under the Exchange Act; however, if the purchasers determine at the time of any such purchases that the purchases are subject to such rules, the purchasers will comply with such rules. Any such purchases will be reported pursuant to Section 13 and Section 16 of the Exchange Act to the extent such purchasers are subject to such reporting requirements. None of the funds held in the trust account will be used to purchase shares in such transactions prior to completion of our initial business combination. See “Proposed Business — Permitted Purchases of Our Securities” for a description of how our Sponsor, initial stockholders, directors, officers, advisors or any of their affiliates will select which stockholders to purchase securities from in any private transaction. Our Sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or any of their affiliates will not make any purchases if the purchases would violate Section 9(a)(2) or Rule 10b-5 of the Exchange Act.
     
   

The purpose of any such purchases of shares could be to satisfy a closing condition in an agreement with a target that requires us to have a minimum net worth or a certain amount of cash at the closing of our initial business combination, where it appears that such requirement would otherwise not be met. Any such purchases of our securities may result in the completion of our initial business combination that may not otherwise have been possible. In addition, if such purchases are made, the public “float” of our shares of common stock may be reduced and the number of beneficial holders of our securities may be reduced, which may make it difficult to maintain or obtain the quotation, listing, or trading of our securities on a national securities exchange.

 

 

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Redemption rights for public stockholders upon completion of our initial business combination   In conjunction with any stockholder vote either to: (i) amend our certificate prior to our initial business combination or (ii) approve any proposed initial business combination: we will provide our public stockholders with the opportunity to redeem all or a portion of their public shares at a pro rata, per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account as of two business days prior to the consummation of our initial business combination, including interest earned on the funds held in the trust account and not previously released to us to pay our taxes, divided by the number of then outstanding public shares, subject to the limitations described herein.
     
    The amount in the trust account is initially anticipated to be $10.00 per public share. The per-share amount we will distribute to investors who properly redeem their shares will not be reduced by the deferred underwriting discounts that we will pay to the underwriters.
     
    The proposed initial business combination may require: (i) cash consideration to be paid to the target or its owners, (ii) cash to be transferred to the target for working capital or other general corporate purposes or (iii) the retention of cash to satisfy other conditions in accordance with the terms of the proposed initial business combination. In the event the aggregate cash consideration we would be required to pay for all shares of common stock that are validly submitted for redemption plus any amount required to satisfy cash conditions pursuant to the terms of the proposed initial business combination exceed the aggregate amount of cash available to us, we will not complete the initial business combination or redeem any shares, and all shares of common stock submitted for redemption will be returned to the holders thereof.
     
Manner of conducting redemptions   In connection with our initial business combination, we will provide our public stockholders with the opportunity to redeem all or a portion of their public shares either (i) pursuant to a stockholder meeting called to approve the initial business combination or (ii) without a stockholder vote by means of conducting a tender offer. The decision as to whether we will seek stockholder approval of a proposed initial business combination or conduct a tender offer will be made by us, solely in our discretion, and will be based on a variety of factors such as the timing of the transaction and whether the terms of the transaction would require us to seek stockholder approval under applicable law or stock exchange listing requirements. So long as we obtain and maintain a listing for our securities on Nasdaq, we will be required to comply with Nasdaq’s stockholder approval rules.
         
    The requirement that we provide our public stockholders with the opportunity to redeem their public shares may be amended if approved by holders of 50% plus one share of all of our common stock entitled to vote thereon.
         
    Each public stockholder may elect to redeem its public shares irrespective of whether they vote for or against, or abstain from voting on, the proposed transaction or whether they were a stockholder on the record date for the stockholder meeting held to approve the proposed transaction.
     
    If a stockholder vote is not required and we do not decide to hold a stockholder vote for business or other legal reasons, we can:
         
    conduct the redemptions pursuant to Rule 13e-4 and Regulation 14E of the Exchange Act, which regulate issuer tender offers, and
         
    file tender offer documents with the SEC prior to completing our initial business combination, which will contain substantially similar financial and other information about the initial business combination and the redemption rights as is required under Regulation 14A of the Exchange Act, which regulates the solicitation of proxies.

 

 

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    In the event we conduct redemptions pursuant to the tender offer rules, our offer will remain open for at least 20 business days, in accordance with Rule 14e-1(a) under the Exchange Act, and we will not be permitted to complete our initial business combination until the expiration of the tender offer period. If public stockholders tender more shares than we have offered to purchase, we will withdraw the tender offer and not complete the initial business combination.
     
    Upon the public announcement of our initial business combination, if we elect to conduct redemptions pursuant to the tender offer rules, we or our Sponsor will terminate any plan established in accordance with Rule 10b5-1 to purchase shares of our common stock in the open market so as to comply with Rule 14e-5 under the Exchange Act.
       
    We intend to require our public stockholders seeking to exercise their redemption rights, whether they are record holders or hold their shares in “street name,” to, at the holder’s option, deliver their shares to our transfer agent electronically using the Continental Stock Transfer and Trust system, prior to the date set forth in the proxy materials or tender offer documents, as applicable. In the case of proxy materials, this date may be up to two business days prior to the vote on the proposal to approve the initial business combination. In addition, if we conduct redemptions in connection with a stockholder vote, we intend to require a public stockholder seeking redemption of its public shares to also submit a written request for redemption to our transfer agent two business days prior to the vote in which the name of the beneficial owner of such shares is included. The proxy materials or tender offer documents, as applicable, that we will furnish to holders of our public shares in connection with our initial business combination will indicate whether we are requiring public stockholders to satisfy such delivery requirements. We believe that this will allow our transfer agent to efficiently process any redemptions without the need for further communication or action from the redeeming public stockholders, which could delay redemptions and result in additional administrative cost. If the proposed initial business combination is not approved and we continue to search for a target company, we will promptly return any certificates or shares delivered by public stockholders who elected to redeem their shares.
     
    The proposed initial business combination may require: (i) cash consideration to be paid to the target or its owners, (ii) cash to be transferred to the target for working capital or other general corporate purposes or (iii) the retention of cash to satisfy other conditions in accordance with the terms of the proposed initial business combination. In the event the aggregate cash consideration we would be required to pay for all shares of common stock that are validly submitted for redemption plus any amount required to satisfy cash conditions pursuant to the terms of the proposed initial business combination exceed the aggregate amount of cash available to us, we will not complete the initial business combination or redeem any shares, and all shares of common stock submitted for redemption will be returned to the holders thereof.
     
Limitation on redemption rights of stockholders holding more than 15% of the shares sold in this offering if we hold stockholder vote   Notwithstanding the foregoing redemption rights, if we seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination and we do not conduct redemptions in connection with our initial business combination pursuant to the tender offer rules, our certificate of incorporation will provide that a public stockholder, together with any affiliate of such stockholder or any other person with whom such stockholder is acting in concert or as a “group” (as defined under Section 13 of the Exchange Act), will be restricted from redeeming its shares with respect to more than an aggregate of 15% of the shares sold in this offering, without our prior consent.

 

 

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Redemption rights in connection with proposed amendments to our certificate of incorporation   Our certificate of incorporation will provide that any of its provisions, including those related to pre-business combination activity (including the requirement to deposit proceeds of this offering and the private placement units into the trust account and not release such amounts except in specified circumstances, and to provide redemption rights to public stockholders as described herein and in our certificate of incorporation), may be amended if approved by holders of a majority our common stock. We may not issue additional securities that can vote on amendments to our certificate of incorporation or on our initial business combination. Our Sponsor, which will beneficially own approximately 20% of our issued and outstanding shares of common stock upon the closing of this offering (assuming that it does not purchase public units in this offering), may participate in any vote to amend our certificate of incorporation and/or trust agreement and will have the discretion to vote as it deems.
     
Release of funds in trust account upon the close of our initial business combination   An aggregate of $10.10 per unit sold to the public in this offering (regardless of whether or not the over-allotment option is exercised) will be placed in a U.S.-based trust account maintained by Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, acting as trustee, pursuant to an agreement to be signed on the date of this prospectus. The trustee will deposit the proceeds into a United States-based trust account maintained by Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, acting as trustee. The proceeds will be invested at the direction of the trustee. Except as set forth below, the proceeds held in the trust account will not be released until the earlier of the completion of an initial business combination and our redemption of 100% of the outstanding public shares if we have not completed a business combination in the required time period. Therefore, unless and until an initial business combination is consummated, the proceeds held in the trust account will not be available for our use for any expenses related to this offering or expenses which we may incur related to the investigation and selection of a target business and the negotiation of an agreement to acquire a target business.
     
    Upon the consummation of our initial business combination, all amounts held in the trust account will be released to us. We will use these funds to pay amounts due to any public stockholders who exercise their redemption rights as described above under “Redemption rights for public stockholders upon completion of our initial business combination,” to pay the underwriters their deferred underwriting discounts, to pay all or a portion of the consideration payable to the target or targets or owners of the target or targets of our initial business combination, and to pay other expenses associated with our initial business combination. If our initial business combination is paid for using stock or debt securities, or not all of the funds released from the trust account are used for payment of the consideration in connection with our initial business combination, we may apply the balance of the cash released to us from the trust account for general corporate purposes, including for maintenance or expansion of operations of post-transaction businesses, the payment of principal or interest due on indebtedness incurred in completing our initial business combination, to fund the purchase of other companies, or for working capital.
     
Liquidation if no business combination  

If we cannot complete our initial business combination within 9 months post-effectiveness of the registration statement of the securities described herein (or 15 months or up to 21 months if we extend such period as described in more detail in this prospectus), we will (i) cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up, (ii) as promptly as reasonably possible but not more than ten business days thereafter, redeem 100% of the outstanding public shares for a pro rata portion of the funds held in the trust account, which redemption will completely extinguish public stockholders' rights as stockholders (including the right to receive further liquidation distributions, if any), subject to applicable law, and (iii) as promptly as reasonably possible following such redemption, subject to the approval of our remaining holders of common stock and our board of directors, dissolve and liquidate, subject (in the case of (ii) and (iii) above) to our obligations under Delaware law to provide for claims of creditors and the requirements of other applicable law. At such time, the rights will expire and holders of the rights will receive nothing upon a liquidation with respect to such rights, and the rights will be worthless

 

 

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    In connection with our redemption of 100% of our outstanding public shares, each holder will receive an amount equal to (1) the number of public shares being redeemed by such public holder divided by the total number of public shares multiplied by (2) the amount then in the trust account (initially $10.10 per share), which includes the deferred underwriting commission, plus a pro rata portion of any interest earned on the funds held in the trust account and not previously released to us or necessary to pay our taxes and other expenses (subject in each case to our obligations under Delaware law to provide for claims of creditors).
     
    The proceeds deposited in the trust account could, however, become subject to the claims, if any, of our creditors that are in preference to the claims of our stockholders. We may not have funds sufficient to pay or provide for all creditors’ claims. Although we will seek to have all vendors, service providers (excluding our independent registered public accounting firm), prospective target businesses, and other entities with which we do business execute agreements with us waiving any right, title, interest or claim of any kind in or to any monies held in the trust account for the benefit of our public stockholders, there is no guarantee that they will execute such agreements or even if they execute such agreements that they would be prevented from bringing claims against the trust account including, but not limited to, fraudulent inducement, breach of fiduciary responsibility, or other similar claims, as well as claims challenging the enforceability of the waiver, in each case in order to gain an advantage with respect to a claim against our assets, including the funds held in the trust account. If any third party refuses to execute an agreement waiving such claims to the monies held in the trust account, our management will perform an analysis of the alternatives available to it and will only enter into an agreement with a third party that has not executed a waiver if management believes that such third party’s engagement would be significantly more beneficial to us than any alternative. Examples of possible instances where we may engage a third party that refuses to execute a waiver include the engagement of a third-party consultant whose particular expertise or skills are believed by management to be significantly superior to those of other consultants that would agree to execute a waiver or in cases where management is unable to find a service provider willing to execute a waiver. The underwriters will not execute agreements with us waiving such claims to the monies held in the trust account. In addition, there is no guarantee that such entities will agree to waive any claims they may have in the future as a result of, or arising out of, any negotiations, contracts, or agreements with us and will not seek recourse against the trust account for any reason. In the event that an executed waiver is deemed to be unenforceable against a third party, our Sponsor will not be responsible to the extent of any liability for such third-party claims. None of our officers or directors will indemnify us for claims by third parties, including, without limitation, claims by vendors and prospective target businesses.
     
    Accordingly, we cannot assure you that due to claims of creditors the actual value of the per-share redemption price will not be less than $10.10 per share.
     
    If we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, the proceeds held in the trust account could be subject to applicable bankruptcy law, and may be included in our bankruptcy estate and subject to the claims of third parties with priority over the claims of our stockholders. To the extent any bankruptcy claims deplete the trust account, we cannot assure you we will be able to return $10.10 per share to our public stockholders. Additionally, if we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, any distributions received by stockholders could be viewed under applicable debtor-creditor and/or bankruptcy laws as either a “preferential transfer” or a “fraudulent conveyance.” As a result, a bankruptcy court could seek to recover some or all amounts received by our stockholders. Furthermore, by paying public stockholders from the trust account prior to addressing the claims of creditors, our board of directors may be deemed to have breached its fiduciary duty to our creditors and/or to have acted in bad faith, thereby exposing itself and our company to claims of punitive damages. We cannot assure you that claims will not be brought against us for these reasons.

 

 

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    The holders of the founder shares will not participate in any redemption distribution with respect to their founder shares, but may have any public shares redeemed upon liquidation.
     
    If we are unable to conclude our initial business combination and we expend all of the net proceeds of this offering not deposited in the trust account, without taking into account any issues of taxation or interest earned on the trust account, we expect that the initial per-share redemption price will be approximately $10.10.
     
    We will pay the costs of any liquidation following the redemptions from our remaining assets outside of the trust account. If such funds are insufficient, our insiders have agreed to pay the funds necessary to complete such liquidation (currently anticipated to be no more than approximately $100,000) and have agreed not to seek repayment for such expenses.
     
    The underwriters have agreed to waive their rights to the deferred underwriting discounts held in the trust account in the event that we do not consummate a business combination (which amounts will be drawn from the funds held in the trust account that will be available to fund the redemption of our public shares).
       
Conflicts of interest  

Our directors and officers may have a conflict of interest with respect to evaluating a particular business combination if the retention or resignation of any such officers and directors was included by a target business as a condition to any agreement with respect to our initial business combination. More specifically, all of our officers and directors have fiduciary and contractual duties to Yotta Acquisition Corporation (“Yotta”), which executed a definitive merger agreement in connection with its initial business combination on October 24, 2022. To the extent that Yotta decides to terminate the agreements with its current target and pursue other opportunity, it may compete with us for business combination opportunities. For more details about our management’s conflict of interests, see “Management-Conflicts of Interest” on page 104 of this prospectus. If Yotta decides to pursue any such opportunity, we may be precluded from pursuing such opportunities. Subject to his or her fiduciary duties under Delaware law, none of the members of our management team who are also employed by, or directors of, our sponsor or its affiliates have any obligation to present us with any opportunity for a potential business combination of which they become aware. Our sponsor and directors and officers are also not prohibited from sponsoring, investing or otherwise becoming involved with, any other blank check companies, including in connection with their initial business combinations, prior to us completing our initial business combination. Our management team, in their capacities as directors, officers or employees of our sponsor or its affiliates or in their other endeavors, may choose to present potential business combinations to the related entities described above, current or future entities affiliated with or managed by our sponsor, or third parties, before they present such opportunities to us, subject to his or her fiduciary duties under Delaware law and any other applicable fiduciary duties.

 

Further, in the future any of our directors and our officers may have additional, fiduciary or contractual obligations to other entities pursuant to which such officer or director is or will be required to present acquisition opportunities to such entity. Accordingly, subject to his or her fiduciary duties under Delaware law and pursuant to our letter agreement, prior to the consummation of our initial business combination, such opportunities first shall be presented to us. Our certificate of incorporation provides that, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law: (i) no individual serving as a director or an officer shall have any duty, except and to the extent expressly assumed by contract, to refrain from engaging directly or indirectly in the same or similar business activities or lines of business as us; and (ii) we renounce any interest or expectancy in, or in being offered an opportunity to participate in, any potential transaction or matter which may be a corporate opportunity for any director or officer, on the one hand, and us, on the other. We do not believe, however, that any fiduciary duties or contractual obligations of our directors or officers would materially undermine our ability to complete our business combination.

 

 

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Audit Committee   We will establish and maintain an audit committee to, among other things, monitor compliance with the terms described above and the other terms relating to this offering. If any noncompliance is identified, then the audit committee will be charged with the responsibility to immediately take all action necessary to rectify such noncompliance or otherwise to cause compliance with the terms of this offering. For more information, see the section of this prospectus entitled “Management — Committees of the Board of Directors — Audit Committee.”
     
    Our audit committee will review on a quarterly basis all payments that were made to our Sponsor, officers or directors, or our or their affiliates.
     
Indemnity  

Our Sponsor has agreed that it will be liable to us if and to the extent any claims by a third party for services rendered or products sold to us, or a prospective target business with which we have entered into a written letter of intent, confidentiality or similar agreement or business combination agreement, reduce the amount of funds in the trust account to below (i) $10.10 per public share or (ii) such lesser amount per public share held in the trust account as of the date of the liquidation of the trust account due to reductions in the value of the trust assets, in each case net of the interest which may be withdrawn to pay taxes; provided that such liability will not apply to any claims by a third party or prospective target business who executed a waiver of any and all rights to the monies held in the trust account (whether or not such waiver is enforceable), nor will it apply to any claims under our indemnity of the underwriters of this offering against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act. However, we have not asked our Sponsor to reserve for such indemnification obligations, nor have we independently verified whether our Sponsor has sufficient funds to satisfy its indemnity obligations, and believe that our Sponsor’s only assets are securities of our company. Therefore, we cannot assure you that our Sponsor would be able to satisfy those obligations. None of our officers or directors will indemnify us for claims by third parties, including, without limitation, claims by vendors and prospective target businesses.

 

In the event an excise tax and/or any other similar fees or taxes in nature are levied or imposed on us pursuant to any current, pending or future rule(s) or law(s), including without limitation any excise tax imposed under the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 in relation to a redemption of securities as described in the registration statement or otherwise, and such tax or fee has not been paid by us to the applicable regulatory authority on or prior to the due date for such a tax or fee, our sponsor agrees to promptly (but in any event sufficiently prior to the due date for such tax or fee to assure timely payment thereof) either directly pay such tax or fee on behalf of us or advance to us such funds as necessary and appropriate to allow us to pay such tax or fee timely. Our sponsor agrees not to seek recourse for such expenses from the trust account.

 

However, the sponsor may not be able to satisfy the above obligations, as we have not required it to retain any assets to provide for such obligations, nor have we taken any further steps to ensure that it will be able to satisfy any of the above obligations that arise.

 

 

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Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

Some of the statements contained in this prospectus may constitute “forward-looking statements” for purposes of the federal securities laws. Our forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our or our management team’s expectations, hopes, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future. In addition, any statements that refer to projections, forecasts or other characterizations of future events or circumstances, including any underlying assumptions, are forward-looking statements. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intends,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “would,” and similar expressions may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. Forward-looking statements in this prospectus may include, for example, statements about:

 

our ability to select an appropriate target business or businesses;

 

our ability to complete our initial business combination, particularly while considering the disruption that may result from limitations imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic;

 

our expectations around the performance of the prospective target business or businesses;

 

our success in retaining or recruiting, or changes required in, our officers, key employees, or directors following our initial business combination;

 

our directors and officers allocating their time to other businesses and potentially having conflicts of interest with our business or in approving our initial business combination, as a result of which they would then receive expense reimbursements;

 

our potential ability to obtain additional financing to complete our initial business combination;

 

our pool of prospective target businesses;

 

the ability of our directors and officers to generate a number of potential acquisition opportunities;

 

potential change in control if we acquire one or more target businesses for stock;

 

our public securities’ potential liquidity and trading;

 

the lack of a market for our securities;

 

the use of proceeds not held in the trust account or available to us from any interest income on the trust account balance; or,

 

our financial performance following this offering.

 

The forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on us. There can be no assurance that future developments affecting us will be those that we have anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) or other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those factors described in the section of this prospectus entitled “Risk Factors.” Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of our assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws.

 

 

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Risk Factors SUMMARY

 

We are a newly formed company that has conducted no operations and has generated no revenues. Until we complete our initial business combination, we will have no operations and will generate no operating revenues. In making your decision whether to invest in our securities, you should take into account not only the background of our management team, but also the special risks we face as a blank check company. This offering is not being conducted in compliance with Rule 419 promulgated under the Securities Act. Accordingly, you will not be entitled to protections normally afforded to investors in Rule 419 blank check offerings. For additional information concerning how Rule 419 blank check offerings differ from this offering, please see “Proposed Business — Comparison to offerings of blank check companies subject to Rule 419.” You should carefully consider these and the other risks set forth in the section entitled “Risk Factors.” You should carefully consider all of the information in this prospectus before making an investment.

 

Summary of Risk Factors

 

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. The occurrence of one or more of the events or circumstances described in the section titled “Risk Factors,” alone or in combination with other events or circumstances, may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results. In that event, the trading price of our securities could decline, and you could lose all or part of your investment. Such risks include, but are not limited to:

 

  Our public stockholders might not be afforded the opportunity to vote on our proposed initial business combination, which means that we might be able to complete an initial business combination even though a majority of our stockholders might oppose the transaction. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 30 of this prospectus.
     
  Our insiders will control a substantial interest in us and thus may influence certain actions requiring a stockholder vote. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 30 of this prospectus.
     
  The rules of the exchange requires the approval of a majority of independent directors as do our governing documents; thus our initial business combination may not be successful absent a majority approval. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 32 of this prospectus.
     
  Absent a business combination, the net investment proceeds may be held in trust for as long as 18 months from the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 32 of this prospectus.
     
Our Sponsor may exert a substantial influence on actions requiring a stockholder vote, potentially in a manner that you do not support. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 52 of this prospectus.

 

  We rely upon key personnel in order to identify a target, effect an initial business combination, and operate successfully thereafter. Our results could be negatively impacted by the loss of any individual prior to or after the business combination. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 52 of this prospectus.
     
  We are dependent upon our officers and directors and their departure could adversely affect our ability to operate. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 52 of this prospectus.
     
  Since our Sponsor, officers, and directors will lose their entire investment in us if our initial business combination is not completed, a conflict of interest may arise in determining whether a particular business combination target is appropriate for our initial business combination. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 52 of this prospectus.
     
  The securities in which we invest the proceeds held in the trust account could bear a negative rate of interest, which could reduce the interest income available for payment of taxes or reduce the value of the assets held in trust such that the per-share redemption amount received by stockholders may be less than $10.10 per share. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 57 of this prospectus.

 

 

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If we are deemed to be an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, we may be required to adhere to that Act and the rules promulgated thereunder, which may make it more difficult for us to effect our initial business combination. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 57 of this prospectus.

     
  Public stockholders, together with any affiliates of theirs or any other person with whom they are acting in concert or as a “group,” will be restricted from seeking conversion rights with respect to more than 15% of the shares of common stock sold in this offering. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 58 of this prospectus.
     
 

We are a company with no operating history and no revenues, and you have no basis on which to evaluate our ability to achieve our business objective. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 66 of this prospectus.

     
 

Past performance of members of our management team may not be indicative of future performance of an investment in the Company. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 66 of this prospectus.

     
  Cyber incidents or attacks directed at us could result in information theft, data corruption, operational disruption and/or financial loss. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 66 of this prospectus.
     
  Changes in laws or regulations, or a failure to comply with any laws and regulations, may adversely affect our business, investments and results of operations. See more detailed discussion of this risk factor on page 66 of this prospectus.

 

 

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Summary Financial Data

 

The following table summarizes the relevant financial data for our business and should be read with our financial statements, which are included in this prospectus. We have not had any significant operations to date, so only balance sheet data is presented.

 

   May 31,
2023
 
   Actual   As
Adjusted
 
Balance Sheet Data:          
Working capital (deficit)(1)  $(70,300)  $370,000 
Total assets(2)   410,000    60,970,000 
Total liabilities(3)   385,000    2,171,101 
Value of shares of common stock subject to possible redemption/tender(4)   -    60,600,000 
Stockholders’ equity/(deficit)(5)   25,000    (1,801,101)

 

 
(1)

The “as adjusted” calculation includes $345,000 in cash held outside the trust account, plus $25,000 of actual stockholders’ equity at May 31, 2023.

(2)

The “as adjusted” calculation includes $60,600,000 of cash held in the trust account from the proceeds of this offering and the sale of the private placement units, plus $345,000 in cash held outside the trust account, plus $25,000 of actual stockholders’ equity at May 31, 2023.

(3) The “as adjusted” calculation includes $2,100,000 of deferred underwriting discounts and commissions payable and $71,101 over-allotment option liability.
(4) The “as adjusted” value of common stock which may be redeemed for cash equals the “as adjusted” the 6,000,000 common stock sold in the offering multiplied by the redemption value of $10.10 per share/unit.
(5) Excludes 6,000,000 shares of common stock purchased in the public market which are subject to redemption in connection with our initial business combination. The “as adjusted” calculation equals the “as adjusted” total assets, less the “as adjusted” total liabilities, less the value of shares of common stock that may be redeemed in connection with our initial business combination (approximately $10.10 per share).

 

If no business combination is completed within 9 months from the closing of this offering (or 15 months or up to 21 months if we extend such period as described in more detail in this prospectus), the proceeds then on deposit in the trust account, including interest (which interest shall be net of taxes payable, and less up to $100,000 of interest to pay dissolution expenses) will be used to fund the redemption of our public shares. Our sponsor, officers and directors have entered into a letter agreement with us, pursuant to which they have agreed to waive their rights to liquidating distributions from the trust account with respect to their founder shares and private placement shares if we fail to complete our initial business combination within such 9-month (or 15 months or up to 21-month) time period.

 

 

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Risk Factors

 

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should consider carefully all of the risks described below, which we believe represent the material risks related to the offering, together with the other information contained in this prospectus, before making a decision to invest in our units. If any of the following events occur, our business, financial condition and operating results may be materially adversely affected. In that event, the trading price of our securities could decline, and you could lose all or part of your investment. This prospectus also contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements as a result of specific factors, including the risks described below.

 

RISKS RELATING TO OUR SEARCH FOR, CONSUMMATION OF, OR INABILITY TO
CONSUMMATE, A BUSINESS COMBINATION AND POST-BUSINESS COMBINATION RISKS

 

Our public stockholders might not be afforded the opportunity to vote on our proposed initial business combination, which means that we might be able to complete an initial business combination even though a majority of our stockholders might oppose the transaction.

 

Unless required by law, we might not seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination or we might provide stockholders with the opportunity to sell their shares to us by way of a tender offer for an amount equal to their pro rata share of the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account (net of taxes payable), in each case subject to the limitations described elsewhere in this prospectus. Moreover, Nasdaq rules currently allow us to engage in a tender offer in lieu of a stockholder meeting but would still require us to obtain stockholder approval if we were seeking to issue more than 20% of our outstanding shares to a target business as consideration in any business combination. Therefore, if we were structuring a business combination that would require us to issue more than 20% of our outstanding shares, we would seek stockholder approval of such a business combination instead of conducting a tender offer.

 

In the case that we seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination, we will call a meeting for such purpose where shares may be redeemed, if they vote against the proposed business combination, into their pro rata share of the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account (net of taxes payable). In the case of a tender offer, public stockholders will have the opportunity to sell their shares to us for an amount equal to their pro rata share of the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account (net of taxes payable), in each case subject to the limitations described elsewhere in this prospectus. Thus, depending on various factors such as the economics of the initial business combination, the timing, et cetera, we will decide in our sole discretion the best resolution. Therefore, as concerns the initial business combination, even if a majority of stockholders disapproves, we might still be able to effect the transaction. Please see the section of this prospectus entitled “Proposed Business — Effecting Our Initial Business Combination” for additional information.

 

Our insiders will control a substantial interest in us and thus may influence certain actions requiring a stockholder vote.

 

Upon the consummation of this offering and private placement to be conducted simultaneously with this offering, our insiders, collectively will own beneficially approximately 20% of our issued and outstanding shares of common stock. None of our insiders has committed to purchase units in this offering or any units or shares from persons in the open market or in private transactions. In addition, our insiders could determine in the future to make such purchases in the open market or in private transactions, to the extent permitted by law, in order to influence the vote. In connection with any vote for a proposed business combination, pursuant to letter agreement, our insiders will or have agreed to vote the shares of common stock owned by them immediately before this offering as well as the private shares and any shares of common stock acquired in this offering or in the aftermarket in favor of such proposed business combination (if permitted by law or regulation), and therefore will have a significant influence on the vote. As a result, in addition to our initial stockholders’ founder shares, we would need a minimum of 213,717, or 3.56%, of the 6,000,000 public shares sold in this offering (if the approval requirement was a majority of shares voted and the minimum number of shares required for a quorum attended the meeting and assuming the over-allotment option has not been exercised and an aggregate of 225,000 founder shares have been forfeited as a result thereof), would need to be voted in favor a business combination in order for it to be approved.

 

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Our sponsor, directors, officers, advisors and their affiliates may elect to purchase shares or rights from public holders, which may influence a vote on a proposed initial business combination and reduce the public “float” of our public securities.

 

Our sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates may purchase shares or public rights or a combination thereof, in privately-negotiated transactions or in the open market, either prior to or following the completion of our initial business combination, although they are under no obligation to do so and they have no current commitments, plans or intentions to engage in such transactions and have not formulated any terms or conditions for any such transactions. Moreover, none of the funds in the trust account would be used to purchase shares or public rights in such transactions. See “Proposed Business — Permitted Purchases of Our Securities” for a description of how our sponsor, directors, officers or any of their affiliates will select which stockholders to purchase securities from in any private transaction.

 

Such a purchase may include a contractual acknowledgement that such stockholder, although still the record holder of our shares, is no longer the beneficial owner thereof and therefore agrees not to exercise its redemption rights. In the event that our sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates purchase shares in privately-negotiated transactions from public stockholders who have already elected to exercise their redemption rights, such selling stockholders would be required to revoke their prior elections to redeem their shares. The purpose of such purchases could be to satisfy a closing condition in an agreement with a target that requires us to have a minimum net worth or a certain amount of cash at the closing of our initial business combination, where it appears that such requirement would otherwise not be met. The purpose of any such purchases of public rights could be to reduce the number of public rights outstanding. Any such purchases of our securities may result in the completion of our initial business combination that may not otherwise have been possible. Any such purchases will be reported pursuant to Section 13 and Section 16 of the Exchange Act to the extent such purchasers are subject to such reporting requirements.

 

In addition, if such purchases are made, the public “float” of our ordinary shares or public rights and the number of beneficial holders of our securities may be reduced, possibly making it difficult to obtain or maintain the quotation, listing or trading of our securities on a national securities exchange. However, in the event our sponsor, directors, officers or their affiliates were to purchase shares or rights from public stockholders, such purchases would by structured in compliance with the requirements of Rule 14e-5 under the Exchange Act including, in pertinent part, through adherence to the following:

 

  the Company’s registration statement/proxy statement filed for its business combination transaction would disclose the possibility that the Company’s sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates may purchase shares or rights from public stockholders outside the redemption process, along with the purpose of such purchases;
     
  if the Company’s sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates were to purchase shares, or rights from public stockholders, they would do so at a price no higher than the price offered through the Company’s redemption process;
     
  the Company’s registration statement/proxy statement filed for its business combination transaction would include a representation that any of the Company’s securities purchased by the Company’s sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates would not be voted in favor of approving the business combination transaction;
     
  the Company’s sponsor, directors, officers or their affiliates would not possess any redemption rights with respect to the Company’s securities or, if they do acquire and possess redemption rights, they would waive such rights; and
     
  the Company would disclose in its Form 8-K, before to the Company’s security holder meeting to approve the business combination transaction, the following material items:

 

  i. the amount of the Company’s securities purchased outside of the redemption offer by the Company’s sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates, along with the purchase price;
   
  ii. the purpose of the purchases by the Company’s sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates;
   
  iii. the impact, if any, of the purchases by the Company’s sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates on the likelihood that the business combination transaction will be approved;
   
  iv. the identities of Company security holders who sold to the Company’s sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates (if not purchased on the open market) or the nature of Company security holders (e.g., 5% security holders) who sold to the Company’s sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates; and
   
  v. the number of Company securities for which the Company has received redemption requests pursuant to its redemption offer.

 

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The rules of the exchange requires the approval of a majority of independent directors as do our governing documents; thus our initial business combination may not be successful absent a majority approval.

 

Various factors that the board must consider when evaluating whether to approve our initial business combination include valuation, the issuance of additional equity, incentive to retain key management personnel, et cetera. For example, we may issue additional equity so as to complete our initial business combination or so as to retain key management and other personnel after completion of our initial business combination. Any such issuances would dilute the interest of our public stockholders and possibly present other risks.

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation to be filed at effectiveness of this prospectus will authorize the issuance of up to 20,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share. We also may issue a substantial number of additional shares of common or preferred stock to complete our initial business combination or under an employee incentive plan after completion of our initial business combination; provided, however, that our governing documents require a stockholder approval for the authorization of additional equity. Thus, any additional issuance of equity may: significantly dilute or subordinate the equity ownership of the investors in this offering; cause a change in control; or adversely affect the market price of your units.

 

Absent a business combination, the net investment proceeds may be held in trust for as long as 18 months from the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.

 

We will not have an obligation to return the funds held in trust unless we are unable to consummate an initial business combination within 9 months (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable). Consequently, your investment funds and the interest accrued thereon, if applicable, may not be available to you for the next 18 months. We may also at that time make a proposal to stockholders to amend our governing documents so as to allot additional time for our search; in which case you would be provided the opportunity to redeem your shares. Your only other alternative to recoup your investment would be to sell your shares to the public, and you risk capital loss if you sell your shares because we cannot guarantee that the price for our securities after this initial public offering will equal the consideration that you paid for our units.

 

Your ability to influence the outcome of the investment decision concerning the initial business combination will be limited.

 

Upon your initial investment in us, little information will be available to you concerning our likely future target company for the initial business combination. This makes it difficult for you to evaluate your investment risk. Moreover, a decision whether to pursue the initial business combination may not require your approval, for example, in the case of a tender offer. Your only opportunity to influence the outcome of a proposed initial business combination may be to exercise your right to redeem your shares for cash.

 

We may not be required to seek stockholder approval of our merger, and therefore, beyond electing to redeem your shares for cash, you may not have any other economic or legal influence over the consummation of the initial business combination.

 

For example, section 251 of the DGCL provides that a stockholder vote as to a proposed merger may not be necessary in certain scenarios. If we encounter an opportunity that we believe is in the best interest of the company and that also does not require a stockholder vote because the criteria of, for example, section 251(f) or 251(g), are satisfied, then we may elect to consummate the transaction absent stockholder approval. In addition, due to the ownership interest of our insiders, under section 216 of the DGCL, if our initial business combination is proposed to our stockholders and presuming the majority approval of a quorum of our outstanding shares represented, then we may need as few as 213,717 public shares, or approximately 3.56% of the publicly offered shares would need to be voted for a business combination structured as an acquisition of the target pursuant to article 216 of the DGCL (assuming the minimum number of shares necessary to constitute a quorum are present and vote a majority in favor) due to our insiders’ ownership of our issued and outstanding shares of common stock upon consummation of the initial public offering. If all outstanding shares of common stock are present and vote at the meeting, then 2,102,479 public shares in addition to the insiders’ shares would need to approve the transaction (which assumes that the underwriter does not exercise the over-allotment option).

 

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The ability of our public stockholders to redeem their shares constitutes a capital structure risk that we cannot easily predict or mitigate and as a result such risk may hinder our ability to successfully consummate an initial business combination.

 

The total amount of our capital that will be recalled as a result of public stockholders opting to redeem their shares is not readily ascertainable and therefore should we need to pay any amount of consideration for the initial business combination in cash or otherwise provide cash as a result of the initial business combination, we would not be able to easily ascertain whether we would have sufficient cash as a result of the unpredictability of capital calls resulting from stockholder redemptions. As a result, we would need to arrange for third-party financing for which there is no guarantee that we would be successful. Moreover, raising additional third-party financing may involve dilutive equity issuances or the incurrence of indebtedness at higher than desirable levels. The above considerations may force us to restructure an otherwise optimal capital structure or limit our ability to complete the most desirable business combination available to us.

 

Any stockholder redemption would cause cash to be depleted from the trust subject only to the underwriter’s commission but not the subsequent business combination commission. As a result, the proportion of fees payable to the underwriter may increase significantly for those who elect not to redeem their shares prior to the initial business combination. This would increase the total cost of capital and possibly cause your return on investment to be less than it otherwise would have been.

 

Whether and the extent to which stockholders redeem their shares for cash may constitute a risk that could cause us to fail to successfully consummate the initial business combination because a condition of the transaction might be a requirement for us to tender a certain amount of cash which, absent third-party financing, might not be possible if subjected to an excess amount of redemptions.

 

As a part of our initial business combination, it is possible that a condition to the consummation of the transaction might be that we tender a certain amount of cash. If more stockholders than predicted were to elect to redeem their shares for cash then, absent third-party financing to accommodate any inadequacy in funds, we might not have sufficient cash to satisfy the condition and therefore to consummate the transaction.

 

Members of our management team may in the future be involved in governmental investigations and civil litigation relating to the business affairs of companies with which they are, were or may in the future be affiliated with.

 

Members of our management team may in the future be involved in governmental investigations and civil litigation relating to the business affairs of companies with which they are, were or may in the future be affiliated with. Any such investigations or litigations may divert our management team’s attention and resources away from searching for an initial business combination, may be detrimental to our reputation, and thus may negatively affect our ability to complete an initial business combination.

 

We may become involved in litigation that may materially adversely affect us.

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various legal proceedings relating to matters incidental to the ordinary course of our business, including litigation and claims, and governmental and other regulatory investigations and proceedings. Such matters can be time-consuming, divert management’s attention and resources, cause us to incur significant expenses or liability or require us to change our business practices. Because of the potential risks, expenses and uncertainties of litigation, we may, from time to time, settle disputes, even where we believe that we have meritorious claims or defenses. Because litigation is inherently unpredictable, we cannot assure you that the results of any of these actions will not have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Our share price may be volatile and, in the past, companies that have experienced volatility in the market price of their stock have been subject to securities litigation, including class action litigation. We may be the target of this type of litigation in the future.

 

Litigation of this type could result in substantial costs and diversion of management’s attention and resources, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Any adverse determination in litigation could also subject us to significant liabilities.

 

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The requirement to complete an initial business combination within a prescribed timeframe may disadvantage us in negotiating with a potential target, especially as the deadline nears, at which point we would cease all operations and liquidate.

 

The prescribed timeframe of 9 months (or 15 months or up to 21 months if we extend such period as described in more detail in this prospectus) to complete an initial business combination may limit our ability to thoroughly complete due diligence, which might hinder our ability to negotiate superior terms for our stockholders. Furthermore, any potential target will be informed of our schedule and may use this information as leverage against us, for example, as the end-of-term approaches, such target business may obtain leverage over us in negotiating an initial business combination, knowing that if we do not complete our initial business combination with them, the consequences would be a dissolution.

 

Our use of funds prior to the completion of the initial business combination may be limited.

 

The amount of funds held in trust from the combination of this offering, the private placement, and the founder’s shares will be in the amount of 100% of the securities registered and described herein until the earlier of the completion of our initial business combination or the expiration of 9 months (or 15 months or up to 21 months if we extend such period as described in more detail in this prospectus). The balance of $345,000 to be held outside of our trust account will be available to fund our operating expenses until the consummation of our initial business combination. The expenditures necessary from the time of this offering until we are able to effect our initial business combination might surpass this allocation in which case we would need to secure additional funds or would be forced to terminate our search and liquidate. Our officers, directors, and insiders would not be obligated to lend us money in such a scenario.

 

We may not be able to complete our initial business combination within the prescribed time frame, in which case we would cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up and we would redeem our public shares and liquidate, in which case our public stockholders may only receive $10.10 per share, or less than such amount in certain circumstances, and our rights will expire worthless.

 

We have 9 months from the closing of this offering to consummate our initial business combination (“Combination Period”). If we anticipate that we may not be able to consummate our initial business combination within 9 months from the closing of this offering, we may, but are not obligated to, if requested by our sponsor or its affiliates, extend Combination Period up to two times by an additional three months each time for a total of up to 15 months by depositing $600,000 (or $690,000 if the underwriters’ over-allotment option is exercised in full) in connection with each such extension into our trust account (the “Paid Extension Period”). In addition, we will be entitled to an automatic six-month extension to complete a business combination (the “Automatic Extension Period”) if we have executed a letter of intent, agreement in principle or definitive agreement for an initial business combination during the Combination Period or Paid Extension Period. We may not be able to find a suitable target business and complete our initial business combination within such time period. Our ability to complete our initial business combination may be negatively impacted by general market conditions, volatility in the capital and debt markets, and the other risks described herein. For example, the outbreak of COVID-19 continues to grow both in the United States and globally and, while the extent of the impact of the outbreak on us will depend on future developments, it could limit our ability to complete our initial business combination, including as a result of increased market volatility, decreased market liquidity and third-party financing being unavailable on terms acceptable to us or at all. Additionally, the continued outbreak of COVID-19 may negatively impact businesses we may seek to acquire. If we have not completed our initial business combination within such twelve-month (or up to eighteen-month) period, we will: (i) cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up, (ii) as promptly as reasonably possible but not more than ten business days thereafter, subject to lawfully available funds therefor, redeem 100% of the public shares, at a per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account including interest earned on the funds held in the trust account and not previously released to us to pay our taxes (less up to $100,000 of interest to pay dissolution expenses), divided by the number of then outstanding public shares, which redemption will completely extinguish public stockholders’ rights as stockholders (including the right to receive further liquidating distributions, if any), subject to applicable law, and (iii) as promptly as reasonably possible following such redemption, subject to the approval of our remaining stockholders and our board of directors, dissolve and liquidate, subject in each case to our obligations under Delaware law to provide for claims of creditors and the requirements of other applicable law, in which case, our public stockholders may only receive $10.10 per share, or less than such amount in certain circumstances, and our rights will expire worthless. See “— If third parties bring claims against us, the proceeds held in the trust account could be reduced, and the per-share redemption amount received by stockholders may be less than $10.10 per share” and other risk factors herein.

 

The effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the economy and the markets, and any other similar phenomenon, may materially affect our ability to successfully consummate an initial business combination.

 

Dislocations to the market as a result of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and other similar phenomenon cause significant and unpredictable risks that may affect our ability to successfully consummate an initial business combination in a materially adverse way.

 

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If we seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination, our Sponsor, directors, officers, advisors and their affiliates may elect to purchase shares from public stockholders, which would reduce the public “float” of our common stock prior to a vote, which may influence a vote on a proposed business combination.

 

If we seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination and we do not conduct redemptions in connection with our initial business combination pursuant to the tender offer rules, our Sponsor, directors, officers, or their affiliates may purchase shares in privately negotiated transactions or in the open market either prior to or following the completion of our initial business combination, although they are under no obligation to do so. However, they have no current commitments, plans or intentions to engage in such transactions and have not formulated any terms or conditions for any such transactions. In addition, none of the funds in the trust account will be used to purchase shares in such transactions.

 

Such a purchase may include a contractual acknowledgement that such stockholder, although still the record holder of our shares, is no longer the beneficial owner thereof, and therefore agrees not to exercise its redemption rights. In the event that our Sponsor, directors, officers, advisors or their affiliates purchase shares in privately negotiated transactions from public stockholders who have already elected to exercise their redemption rights, such selling stockholders would be required to revoke their prior elections to redeem their shares. The purpose of such purchases could be to satisfy a closing condition in an agreement with a target that requires us to have a minimum net worth or a certain amount of cash at the closing of our initial business combination, where it appears that such requirement would otherwise not be met. Any such purchases of our securities may result in the completion of our initial business combination that may not otherwise have been possible. Any such purchases will be reported pursuant to Section 13 and Section 16 of the Exchange Act to the extent that such purchasers are subject to such reporting requirements.

 

In addition, if such purchases are made, the public “float” of our common stock and the number of beneficial holders of our securities may be reduced, possibly making it difficult to obtain or maintain the quotation, listing, or trading of our securities on a national securities exchange.

 

If a stockholder fails to receive notice of our offer to redeem the shares of this offering in connection with our initial business combination, or fails to comply with the procedures for tendering its shares, such shares may not be redeemed.

 

We will comply with the tender offer rules or proxy rules, as applicable, when conducting redemptions in connection with our initial business combination. Nonetheless, if a stockholder does not receive our tender offer or proxy materials, as applicable, such stockholder may not have notice of the opportunity to redeem shares. In addition, the proxy materials or tender offer documents, as applicable, that we will furnish to our public stockholders in connection with our initial business combination will describe the various procedures that must be complied with in order to validly tender or redeem such shares. For example, we may require our public stockholders seeking to exercise their redemption rights, whether they are record holders or hold their shares in “street name,” to either tender their certificates to our transfer agent prior to the date set forth in the tender offer documents mailed to such holders or up to two business days prior to the vote on the proposal to approve our initial business combination in the event we distribute proxy materials, or in the alternative, to deliver their shares to the transfer agent electronically. In the event that a stockholder fails to comply with these or any other procedures, its shares may not be redeemed.

 

Your investment will not be returned to you except in limited circumstances.

 

Your investment will be held in trust, and you will have no interest therein except by exercising your right of redemption at either: (i) the time of our stockholder vote as to the initial business combination; (ii) the end of the term for our initial business combination if no combination was consummated; or, (iii) the time to amend our certificate of incorporation in connection with a stockholder vote to grant additional time beyond the original time limit of 9 months (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable). In no other circumstances will a public stockholder have any right or interest of any kind in the trust account.

 

In addition, if we are unable to complete our initial business combination within 9 months (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) from the closing of this offering for any reason, compliance with Delaware law may require that we submit a plan of dissolution to our then-existing stockholders for approval prior to the distribution of the proceeds held in our trust account.

 

You may be able to transfer your shares so long as we remain listed, but you would risk a potential loss.

 

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We anticipate that our efforts to identify a target for a business combination may be hindered by significant competition.

 

We anticipate that there may be significant competition in the market for the identification of investments from other blank check companies, investment companies, and other individuals. Some of these competitors may be more experienced, better staffed, and with cost of capital or other financial objectives that might permit a more competitive offering than what we might be able to offer. For example, our unpredictable future balance sheet at the time and as a result of redemptions for cash might place us at a significant disadvantage to a competitor who would not be subject to such a variation.

 

The future development and growth of crypto is subject to a variety of factors that are difficult to predict and evaluate. If crypto does not grow as we expect, it may limit the ability for us to identify perspective target for business combination, affect the attractiveness of any target business, consummate any business combination, or, following consummation of our initial business combination, our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Crypto assets built on blockchain technology were only introduced in 2008 and remain in the early stages of development. In addition, different crypto assets are designed for different purposes. Bitcoin, for instance, was designed to serve as a peer-to-peer electronic cash system, while Ethereum was designed to be a smart contract and decentralized application platform. Many other crypto networks—ranging from cloud computing to tokenized securities networks—have only recently been established. The further growth and development of any crypto assets and their underlying networks and other cryptographic and algorithmic protocols governing the creation, transfer, and usage of crypto assets represent a new and evolving paradigm that is subject to a variety of factors that are difficult to evaluate, including:

 

many crypto networks have limited operating histories, have not been validated in production, and are still in the process of developing and making significant decisions that will affect the design, supply, issuance, functionality, and governance of their respective crypto assets and underlying blockchain networks, any of which could adversely affect their respective crypto assets or exchange platforms;

 

many crypto networks are in the process of implementing software upgrades and other changes to their protocols, which could introduce bugs, security risks, or adversely affect the respective crypto networks or exchange platforms;

 

several large networks, including Bitcoin and Ethereum, are developing new features to address fundamental speed, scalability, and energy usage issues. If these issues are not successfully addressed, or are unable to receive widespread adoption, it could adversely affect the underlying crypto assets;

 

security issues, bugs, and software errors have been identified with many crypto assets and their underlying blockchain networks, some of which have been exploited by malicious actors. There are also inherent security weaknesses in some crypto assets, such as when creators of certain crypto networks use procedures that could allow hackers to counterfeit tokens. Any weaknesses identified with a crypto asset could adversely affect its price, security, liquidity, and adoption. If a malicious actor or botnet (a volunteer or hacked collection of computers controlled by networked software coordinating the actions of the computers) obtains a majority of the compute or staking power on a crypto network, as has happened in the past, it may be able to manipulate transactions, which could cause financial losses to holders, damage the network’s reputation and security, and adversely affect its value;

 

the development of new technologies for mining, such as improved application-specific integrated circuits (commonly referred to as ASICs), or changes in industry patterns, such as the consolidation of mining power in a small number of large mining farms, could reduce the security of blockchain networks, lead to increased liquid supply of crypto assets, and reduce a crypto’s price and attractiveness;

 

if rewards and transaction fees for miners or validators on any particular crypto network are not sufficiently high to attract and retain miners, a crypto network’s security and speed may be adversely affected, increasing the likelihood of a malicious attack;

 

many crypto assets have concentrated ownership or an “admin key”, allowing a small group of holders to have significant unilateral control and influence over key decisions related to their crypto networks, such as governance decisions and protocol changes, as well as the market price of such crypto assets;

 

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the governance of many decentralized blockchain networks is by voluntary consensus and open competition, and many developers are not directly compensated for their contributions. As a result, there may be a lack of consensus or clarity on the governance of any particular crypto network, a lack of incentives for developers to maintain or develop the network, and other unforeseen issues, any of which could result in unexpected or undesirable errors, bugs, or changes, or stymie such network’s utility and ability to respond to challenges and grow; and

 

many crypto networks are in the early stages of developing partnerships and collaborations, all of which may not succeed and adversely affect the usability and adoption of the respective crypto assets.

 

Various other technical issues have also been uncovered from time to time that resulted in disabled functionalities, exposure of certain users’ personal information, theft of users’ assets, and other negative consequences, and which required resolution with the attention and efforts of their global miner, user, and development communities. While our efforts to identify a prospective target business will not be limited to a particular geographic region or industry, we would prefer an initial business combination with a digital asset exchange, such as a bitcoin marketplace. If any such risks or other risks regarding crypto materialize, and in particular if they are not resolved, the development and growth of crypto may be significantly affected. As a result, we may be limited in our ability to identify a prospective target business or to consummate any business combination.

 

We anticipate that our efforts to identify a target for a business combination may be negatively affected by a highly-evolving regulatory landscape and any adverse changes to, or our target’s failure to comply with, any laws or regulations could affect our ability to complete a business combination.

 

While our efforts to identify a prospective target business will not be limited to a particular geographic region or industry, we would prefer an initial business combination with a digital asset exchange, such as a bitcoin marketplace.

 

Digital asset exchanges on which cryptocurrencies trade are relatively new and, in most cases, largely unregulated. Many digital exchanges do not provide the public with significant information regarding their ownership structure, management teams, corporate practices or regulatory compliance. As a result, the marketplace may lose confidence in, or may experience problems relating to, cryptocurrency exchanges, including prominent exchanges handling a significant portion of the volume of digital asset trading.

 

For example, in the first half of 2022, each of Celsius Network, Voyager Digital Ltd., and Three Arrows Capital declared bankruptcy, resulting in a loss of confidence in participants of the digital asset ecosystem and negative publicity surrounding digital assets more broadly. In November 2022, FTX, the third largest digital asset exchange by volume at the time, halted customer withdrawals and shortly thereafter, FTX and its subsidiaries filed for bankruptcy.

 

In response to these events, the digital asset markets, including the market for bitcoin specifically, have experienced extreme price volatility and several other entities in the digital asset industry have been, and may continue to be, negatively affected, further undermining confidence in the digital assets markets and in bitcoin. These events have also negatively impacted the liquidity of the digital assets markets as certain entities affiliated with FTX engaged in significant trading activity. If the liquidity of the digital assets markets continues to be negatively impacted by these events, digital asset prices (including the price of bitcoin) may continue to experience significant volatility and confidence in the digital asset markets may be further undermined. These events are continuing to develop and it is not possible to predict at this time all of the risks that they may pose to potential targets, or on the digital asset industry as a whole.

 

A perceived lack of stability in the digital asset exchange market and the closure or temporary shutdown of digital asset exchanges due to business failure, hackers or malware, government-mandated regulation, or fraud, may reduce confidence in digital asset networks and result in greater volatility in cryptocurrency values. These potential consequences of a digital asset exchange’s failure could adversely affect any investment in the industry.

 

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In addition, as the popularity and size of the crypto-asset market has grown, the Federal Reserve Board, the US Congress, and some US agencies (for example, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation) have begun to study the crypto assets operations, crypto-asset users and crypto asset exchange markets. While digital asset exchanges are subject to extensive laws, rules, regulations, policies, and legal and regulatory guidance, including those governing securities, commodities, custody of crypto assets, exchange and transfer, data management, data protection, cybersecurity, and taxation, many of current legal and regulatory regimes are outdated and do not address or address the unique challenges associated with crypto economics. As a result, the businesses of potential targets related to digital asset exchanges are subject to significant uncertainty, which varies widely across U.S. federal, state, local, and international jurisdictions. These uncertainties have only increased due to the recent bankruptcy of the FTX exchange and other recent regulatory issues faced by crypto-currency based companies and assets. The legal and regulatory regimes, including the laws, rules, and regulations associated with them, are evolving and will be impacted by the bankruptcy of the FTX Exchange and other regulatory concerns with the industry generally. New and current rules and regulations may be interpreted and applied inconsistently across jurisdictions, and may conflict with each other, which may subject targets in the digital asset exchange business to incompliance or subject our potential business combination to significant legal and regulatory consequences, leading to significant delay or even termination of our initial business combination.

 

If the net proceeds of this offering and any other financing are insufficient to allow us to operate for at least the next 9 months, we may be unable to complete our initial business combination, in which case our public stockholders may only receive $10.10 per share, or less than such amount in certain circumstances.

 

The funds available to us outside of the trust account may not be sufficient to allow us to operate for at least the next 9 months, assuming that our initial business combination is not completed during that time. We believe that, upon the closing of this offering, the funds available to us outside of the trust account will be sufficient to allow us to operate for the next 9 months; however, we cannot assure you that our estimate is accurate. Of the funds available to us, we could use a portion of the funds available to us to pay fees to consultants to assist us with our search for a target business. We could also use a portion of the funds as a down payment or to fund a “no-shop” provision (a provision in letters of intent or merger agreements designed to keep target businesses from “shopping” around for transactions with other companies on terms more favorable to such target businesses) with respect to a particular proposed initial business combination, although we do not have any current intention to do so. If we entered into a letter of intent or merger agreement where we paid for the right to receive exclusivity from a target business and were subsequently required to forfeit such funds (whether as a result of our breach or otherwise), we might not have sufficient funds to continue searching for, or conducting due diligence with respect to, a target business. If we are unable to complete our initial business combination, our public stockholders may receive only approximately $10.10 per share, or less in certain circumstances, on the liquidation of our trust account. In certain circumstances, our public stockholders may receive less than $10.10 per share upon our liquidation. See “Risk Factors — If third parties bring claims against us, the proceeds held in the trust account could be reduced, and the per-share redemption amount received by stockholders may be less than $10.10 per share” and other risk factors described herein.

 

Subsequent to the completion of our initial business combination, we may be required to take write-downs or write-offs, restructuring and impairment or other charges that could have a significant negative effect on our financial condition, results of operations and our stock price, which could cause you to lose some or all of your investment.

 

Even if we conduct extensive due diligence on a target business with which we combine, we cannot assure you that this diligence will reveal all material issues that may be present inside a particular target business, that it would be possible to uncover all material issues through a customary amount of due diligence, or that factors outside of the target business and outside of our control will not later arise. As a result of these factors, we may be forced to later write down or write off assets, restructure our operations, or incur impairment or other charges that could result in our reporting losses. Even if our due diligence successfully identifies certain risks, unexpected risks may arise and previously known risks may materialize in a manner not consistent with our preliminary risk analysis. Even though these charges may be non-cash items and not have an immediate impact on our liquidity, the fact that we report charges of this nature could contribute to negative market perceptions about us or our securities. In addition, charges of this nature may cause us to violate net worth or other covenants to which we may be subject as a result of assuming pre-existing debt held by a target business or by virtue of our obtaining debt financing to partially finance our initial business combination, whichever may apply. Accordingly, any security holders who choose to remain security holders following our initial business combination could suffer a reduction in the value of their shares. Such stockholders are unlikely to have a remedy for such reduction in value unless they are able to successfully claim that the reduction was due to the breach by our directors or officers of a duty of care or other fiduciary duty owed to them, or if they are able to successfully bring a private claim under securities laws that the proxy solicitation or tender offer materials, as applicable, relating to our initial business combination, constituted an actionable material misstatement or omission.

 

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If third parties bring claims against us, the proceeds held in the trust account could be reduced, and the per-share redemption amount received by stockholders may be less than $10.10 per share.

 

Our placing of funds in the trust account may not protect those funds from third-party claims against us. Although we will seek to have all vendors, service providers (other than our independent auditors), prospective target businesses or other entities with which we do business waive any right, title, interest or claim of any kind in or to any monies held in the trust account for the benefit of our public stockholders, such parties may not execute such agreements, or even if they execute such agreements they may not be prevented from bringing claims against the trust account, including, but not limited to, fraudulent inducement, breach of fiduciary responsibility or other similar claims, as well as claims challenging the enforceability of the waiver, in each case in order to gain advantage with respect to a claim against our assets, including the funds held in the trust account. If any third party refuses to waive such claims to the monies held in the trust account, our management will perform an analysis of the alternatives available to it and will only enter into an agreement with a third party that has not executed a waiver if management believes that such third party’s engagement would be significantly more beneficial to us than any alternative.

 

Examples of possible instances where we may engage a third party that refuses to execute a waiver include the engagement of a third-party consultant whose particular expertise or skills are believed by management to be significantly superior to those of other consultants that would agree to execute a waiver or in cases where management is unable to find a service provider willing to execute a waiver. In addition, there is no guarantee that such entities will agree to waive any claims they may have in the future as a result of, or arising out of, any negotiations, contracts or agreements with us and will not seek recourse against the trust account for any reason. Upon redemption of the shares issued in this offering, if we are unable to complete our initial business combination within the prescribed timeframe, or upon the exercise of a redemption right in connection with our initial business combination, we will be required to provide for payment of claims of creditors that were not waived that may be brought against us within any applicable statute of limitations following redemption.

 

Additionally, if we are forced to file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us and is not subsequently dismissed, or if we otherwise enter compulsory or court supervised liquidation, the proceeds held in the trust account could be subject to applicable bankruptcy law, and may be included in our bankruptcy estate and subject to the claims of third parties with priority over the claims of our stockholders.

 

Accordingly, the per-share redemption amount received by public stockholders could be less than the $10.10 per share initially held in the trust account, due to claims of such creditors.

 

Our directors may decide not to enforce the indemnification obligations of our Sponsor, resulting in a reduction in the amount of funds in the trust account available for distribution to our public stockholders.

 

In the event that the proceeds in the trust account are reduced below the lesser of (i) $10.10 per share of common stock issued in this offering and (ii) the actual amount per share held in the trust account as of the date of the liquidation of the trust account (if less than $10.10 per share) due to reductions in the value of the trust assets, in each case net of the interest which may be withdrawn to pay taxes, and our Sponsor asserts that it is unable to satisfy its obligations or that it has no indemnification obligations related to a particular claim, our independent directors would determine whether to take legal action against our Sponsor to enforce its indemnification obligations.

 

While we currently expect that our independent directors would take legal action on our behalf against our Sponsor to enforce its indemnification obligations to us, it is possible that our independent directors in exercising their business judgment and subject to their fiduciary duties may choose not to do so in any particular instance if, for example, the cost of such legal action is deemed by the independent directors to be too high relative to the amount recoverable or if the independent directors determine that a favorable outcome is not likely. If our independent directors choose not to enforce these indemnification obligations, the amount of funds in the trust account available for distribution to our public stockholders may be reduced below $10.10 per share.

 

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We may not have sufficient funds to satisfy indemnification claims of our directors and officers.

 

We have agreed to indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by law and we will purchase directors’ and officers’ liability insurance that insures our directors and officers against the cost of defense, settlement or payment of a judgment in some circumstances, and that insures us against our obligations to indemnify our directors and officers. However, any such insurance may not be available or sufficient. Further, our directors and officers have agreed to waive any right, title, interest or claim of any kind in or to any monies in the trust account and to not seek recourse against the trust account for any reason whatsoever. Accordingly, any indemnification provided by us will be able to be satisfied by us only if (i) we have sufficient funds outside of the trust account, or (ii) we consummate our initial business combination. Our obligations to indemnify our directors and officers may discourage stockholders from bringing a lawsuit against our directors and officers for breach of their fiduciary duties. These provisions may also have the effect of reducing the likelihood of derivative litigation against our directors and officers even though, such an action, if successful, might otherwise benefit us and our stockholders. Furthermore, a stockholder’s investment may be adversely affected to the extent that we may incur the costs of settlement and damage awards against our directors and officers pursuant to these indemnification provisions.

 

If, after we distribute the proceeds in the trust account to our public stockholders, we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, a bankruptcy court may seek to recover such proceeds, and the members of our board of directors may be viewed as having breached their fiduciary duties to our creditors, thereby exposing the members of our board of directors and us to claims of punitive damages.

 

If, after we distribute the proceeds in the trust account to our public stockholders, we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, any distributions received by stockholders could be viewed under applicable debtor/creditor and/or bankruptcy laws as either a “preferential transfer” or a “fraudulent conveyance.” As a result, a bankruptcy court could seek to recover all amounts received by our stockholders. In addition, our board of directors may be viewed as having breached its fiduciary duty to our creditors and/or having acted in bad faith, thereby exposing itself and us to claims of punitive damages, by paying public stockholders from the trust account prior to addressing the claims of creditors.

 

If, before distributing the proceeds in the trust account to our public stockholders, we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, the claims of creditors in such proceeding may have priority over the claims of our stockholders and the per-share amount that would otherwise be received by our stockholders in connection with our liquidation may be reduced.

 

If, before distributing the proceeds in the trust account to our public stockholders, we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, the proceeds held in the trust account could be subject to applicable bankruptcy law, and may be included in our bankruptcy estate and subject to the claims of third parties with priority over the claims of our stockholders. To the extent any bankruptcy claims deplete the trust account, the per-share amount that would otherwise be received by our stockholders in connection with our liquidation may be reduced.

 

Our stockholders may be held liable for claims by third parties against us to the extent of distributions received by them upon redemption of their shares.

 

Under the DGCL, stockholders may be held liable for claims by third parties against a corporation to the extent of distributions received by them in a dissolution. The pro-rata portion of our trust account distributed to our public stockholders upon the redemption of their shares of common stock in the event we do not complete our initial business combination within 9 months post-effectiveness of the registration statement of the securities described herein (or 15 months or up to 21 months if we extend such period as described in more detail in this prospectus) may be considered a liquidating distribution under Delaware law. If a corporation complies with certain procedures set forth in Section 280 of the DGCL intended to ensure that it makes reasonable provision for all claims against it, including a 60-day notice period during which any third-party claims can be brought against the corporation, a 90-day period during which the corporation may reject any claims brought, and an additional 150-day waiting period before any liquidating distributions are made to stockholders, any liability of stockholders with respect to a liquidating distribution is limited to the lesser of such stockholder’s pro-rata share of the claim or the amount distributed to the stockholder, and any liability of the stockholder would be barred with respect to any claim commenced after the third anniversary of the dissolution. However, we intend to redeem the shares of our common stock issued in this offering as soon as reasonably possible following the 9th month (or 15th or 21st in the case of an election of one or more extensions) from the closing of this offering in the event we do not complete our initial business combination and, therefore, we do not intend to comply with the foregoing procedures.

 

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Because we will not be complying with Section 280 of the DGCL, Section 281(b) of the DGCL requires us to adopt a plan, based on facts known to us at such time that will provide for our payment of all existing and pending claims or claims that potentially may be brought against us within the 10 years following our dissolution. However, because we are a blank check company, rather than an operating company, and our operations will be limited to searching for prospective target businesses to acquire, the only likely claims to arise would be from our vendors (such as lawyers, investment bankers, etc.) or prospective target businesses. If our plan of distribution complies with Section 281(b) of the DGCL, any liability of stockholders with respect to a liquidating distribution is limited to the lesser of such stockholder’s pro-rata share of the claim or the amount distributed to the stockholder, and any liability of the stockholder would likely be barred with respect to any claim commenced after the third anniversary of the dissolution. We cannot assure you that we will properly assess all claims that may be potentially brought against us. As such, our stockholders could potentially be liable for any claims to the extent of distributions received by them (but no more) and any liability of our stockholders may extend beyond the third anniversary of such date. Furthermore, if the pro-rata portion of our trust account distributed to our public stockholders upon the redemption of the shares of our common stock issued in this offering in the event we do not complete our initial business combination within 18 months post-effectiveness of the registration statement of the securities described herein is not considered a liquidating distribution under Delaware law and such redemption distribution is deemed to be unlawful (potentially due to the imposition of legal proceedings that a party may bring or due to other circumstances that are currently unknown), then pursuant to Section 174 of the DGCL, the statute of limitations for claims of creditors could then be six years after the unlawful redemption distribution, instead of three years, as in the case of a liquidating distribution. Unlike in the case of claims against stockholders relating to an unlawful liquidating distribution, however, stockholders are only liable for an unlawful redemption distribution if they knew that the redemption was unlawful.

 

Our stockholders may attempt to cause us to hold an annual meeting of stockholders to elect directors prior to our initial business combination which may cause us to incur additional expense.

 

In accordance with Nasdaq corporate governance requirements, we are not required to hold an annual meeting until one year after our first fiscal year end following our listing on Nasdaq. Under Section 211(b) of the DGCL, we are, however, required to hold an annual meeting of stockholders for the purposes of electing directors in accordance with our certificate of incorporation unless such election is made by written consent in lieu of such a meeting. We may not hold an annual meeting of stockholders to elect new directors prior to the consummation of our initial business combination, and thus we may not be in compliance with Section 211(b) of the DGCL, which requires an annual meeting. Therefore, if our stockholders want us to hold an annual meeting prior to the consummation of our initial business combination, they may attempt to force us to hold one by submitting an application to the Delaware Court of Chancery in accordance with Section 211(c) of the DGCL.

 

Because we are neither limited to evaluating a target business in a particular industry, nor have we selected any specific target businesses with which to pursue our initial business combination, you will be unable to ascertain the merits or risks of any particular target business’s operations.

 

We may seek to complete a business combination with an operating company in any industry or sector. Because we have not yet selected or approached any specific target business with respect to our initial business combination, there is no basis to evaluate the possible merits or risks of any particular target business’s operations, results of operations, cash flows, liquidity, financial condition or prospects. To the extent we complete our business combination, we may be affected by numerous risks inherent in the business operations with which we combine. Although our directors and officers will endeavor to evaluate the risks inherent in a particular target business, we cannot assure you that we will properly ascertain or assess all of the significant risk factors or that we will have adequate time to complete due diligence. Furthermore, some of these risks may be outside of our control and leave us with no ability to control or reduce the chances that those risks will adversely impact a target business. We also cannot assure you that an investment in our units will ultimately prove to be more favorable to investors than a direct investment, if such opportunity were available, in a business combination target. Accordingly, any security holders who choose to remain security holders following our initial business combination could suffer a reduction in the value of their securities. Such stockholders are unlikely to have a remedy for such reduction in value unless they are able to successfully claim that the reduction was due to the breach by our directors or officers of a duty of care or other fiduciary duty owed to them, or if they are able to successfully bring a private claim under securities laws that the proxy solicitation or tender offer materials, as applicable, relating to our initial business combination, constituted an actionable material misstatement or omission.

 

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We may not have significant experience or knowledge of the jurisdiction or industry of the business of the initial business combination.

 

Although we prefer an initial business combination with a digital asset exchange, such as a bitcoin marketplace, we may consummate an initial business combination with any business in any jurisdiction we choose. As a result, we might not have sufficient expertise or the experience necessary to make an informed analysis and resulting decision concerning the initial business combination.

 

We have identified target criteria and other investment guidelines as a part of developing our strategy for the identification of a target business for the initial business combination; however, we are not obliged to adhere to these criteria which means that we may effect a combination with a significantly different business.

 

Our investment criteria constitute a general strategy composed of certain identification and qualification guidelines that we prefer in the identification of a target business for completing the initial business combination. We are not obliged to adhere to these guidelines and we may not, for example, in the scenario where we find an opportunity that we perceive as being a suitable option or the next best option if no target meeting all of our criteria was identified. As a result, you risk that at the time of a stockholder vote as to a business combination, any proposal that does not adhere to our strategy might be at an increased risk for rejection. This would mean an increase in redemption elections resulting in decreased cash held in trust and thus potentially a risk that we might not have enough funds to consummate the transaction. In the alternative, you risk that our evaluation of the company might later prove to be incorrect, for example, that the target’s failure to demonstrate all of the investment criteria might as a result cause it to be an unsuccessful venture after the combination due to any single or various combination of factors.

 

We may seek business combination opportunities with an early-stage company, a financially unstable business or an entity lacking an established record of revenue, cash flow or earnings, which could subject us to volatile revenues, cash flows or earnings or difficulty in retaining key personnel.

 

To the extent we complete our initial business combination with an early-stage company, a financially unstable business or an entity lacking an established record of sales or earnings, we may be affected by numerous risks inherent in the operations of the business with which we combine. These risks include investing in a business without a proven business model and with limited historical financial data, volatile revenues or earnings, intense competition and difficulties in obtaining and retaining key personnel. Although our officers and directors will endeavor to evaluate the risks inherent in a particular target business, we may not be able to properly ascertain or assess all of the significant risk factors and we may not have adequate time to complete due diligence. Furthermore, some of these risks may be outside of our control and leave us with no ability to control or reduce the chances that those risks will adversely impact a target business.

 

We may, but are not required to, obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm or from an independent accounting firm, and consequently, you may have no assurance from an independent source that the price we are paying for the business is economically fair to our company.

 

Unless we complete our initial business combination with an affiliated entity or our board cannot independently determine the fair market value of the target business or businesses, we are not required to obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm that is a member of FINRA or from an independent accounting firm that the price we are paying is fair to our company from a financial point of view. If no opinion is obtained, our stockholders will be relying on the judgment of our board of directors, who will determine fair market value based on standards generally accepted by the financial community. Such standards used will be disclosed in our proxy materials or tender offer documents, as applicable, related to our initial business combination.

 

We anticipate that the investigation of each specific target business and the negotiation, drafting and execution of relevant agreements, disclosure documents and other instruments will require substantial management time and attention, and substantial costs for accountants, attorneys, consultants, and others. If we decide not to complete a specific initial business combination, the costs incurred up to that point for the proposed transaction likely would not be recoverable. Furthermore, if we reach an agreement relating to a specific target business, we may fail to complete our initial business combination for any number of reasons including those beyond our control. Any such event will result in a loss to us of the related costs incurred which could materially adversely affect subsequent attempts to locate and acquire or merge with another business. If we are unable to complete our initial business combination, our public stockholders may receive only approximately $10.10 per share, or less in certain circumstances, upon the liquidation of our trust account. See “— If third parties bring claims against us, the proceeds held in the trust account could be reduced, and the per-share redemption amount received by stockholders may be less than $10.10 per share” and other risk factors below.

 

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Because we must furnish our stockholders with target business financial statements, we may lose the ability to complete an otherwise advantageous initial business combination with some prospective target businesses.

 

The federal proxy rules require that a proxy statement with respect to a vote on our initial business combination meeting certain financial significance tests include historical and/or pro forma financial statement disclosure in periodic reports. We will include the same financial statement disclosure in connection with our tender offer documents, whether or not they are required under the tender offer rules. These financial statements may be required to be prepared in accordance with, or to be reconciled to, accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or GAAP, or international financial reporting standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, or IFRS, depending on the circumstances and the historical financial statements may be required to be audited in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), or PCAOB. These financial statement requirements may limit the pool of potential target businesses we may acquire because some targets may be unable to provide such financial statements in time for us to disclose such financial statements in accordance with federal proxy rules so as to complete our initial business combination within the prescribed timeframe.

 

Compliance obligations under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act may make it more difficult for us to effectuate our initial business combination, require substantial financial and management resources, and increase the time and costs of completing our initial business combination.

 

Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires that we evaluate and report on our system of internal controls beginning with our first Annual Report on Form 10-K. Only in the event that we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer or an accelerated filer will we be required to comply with the independent registered public accounting firm attestation requirement on our internal control over financial reporting. Further, for as long as we remain an emerging growth company, we will not be required to comply with the independent registered public accounting firm attestation requirement on our internal control over financial reporting. The fact that we are a blank check company makes compliance with the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act particularly burdensome on us as compared to other public companies because a target company with which we seek to complete our initial business combination may not be in compliance with the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act regarding adequacy of its internal controls. The development of the internal control of any such entity to achieve compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act may increase the time and costs necessary to complete any such initial business combination.

 

We do not have a specified maximum redemption threshold. The absence of such a redemption threshold may make it possible for us to complete our initial business combination with which a substantial majority of our stockholders do not agree.

 

Our certificate of incorporation does not provide a specified maximum redemption threshold. As a result, we may be able to complete our initial business combination even though a substantial majority of our public stockholders do not agree with the transaction and have redeemed their shares or, if we seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination and do not conduct redemptions in connection with our initial business combination pursuant to the tender offer rules, have entered into privately negotiated agreements to sell their shares to our Sponsor, officers, directors, advisors or their affiliates. In the event the aggregate cash consideration we would be required to pay for all shares of common stock that are validly submitted for redemption plus any amount required to satisfy cash conditions pursuant to the terms of the proposed initial business combination exceed the aggregate amount of cash available to us, we will not complete our initial business combination or redeem any shares, all shares of common stock submitted for redemption will be returned to the holders thereof, and we instead may search for an alternate business combination.

 

In order to effectuate our initial business combination, blank check companies have, in the recent past, amended various provisions of their charters and other governing instruments. We cannot assure you that we will not seek to amend our certificate of incorporation or other governing documents in a manner that will make it easier for us to complete our initial business combination but that might also be opposed by our stockholders.

 

In order to effectuate our initial business combination, blank check companies have, in the recent past, amended various provisions of their charters and other governing instruments. For example, blank check companies have amended the definition of business combination, increased redemption thresholds, and extended the time to consummate their initial business combinations. Amending the provisions of our certificate of incorporation relating to certain pre-business combination activity will require the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the voting power of our outstanding common stock.

 

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In addition, our certificate of incorporation requires us to provide our public stockholders with the opportunity to redeem their shares for cash if we propose an amendment to our certificate of incorporation (A) to modify the substance or timing of our obligation to allow redemptions in connection with our initial business combination, (B) to modify the substance or timing of our obligation to redeem 100% of the shares of common stock issued in this offering if we do not complete our initial business combination within 9 months (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) from the closing of this offering or (C) with respect to any other provision relating to stockholders’ rights or pre-initial business combination activity. To the extent any such amendments would be deemed to fundamentally change the nature of any securities offered through this registration statement, we would register, or seek an exemption from registration for, the affected securities. We cannot assure you that we will not seek to amend our certificate of incorporation to extend the time to consummate our initial business combination, or seek other amendments to our governing documents in order to effectuate our initial business combination.

 

The provisions of our certificate of incorporation that relate to our pre-business-combination-activity (and corresponding provisions of the agreement governing the release of funds from our trust account) including an amendment to permit us to withdraw funds from the trust account such that the per-share amount investors receive upon any redemption or liquidation is substantially reduced or eliminated, may be amended with the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the voting power of our outstanding common stock, which is a lower amendment threshold than that of some other blank check companies. It may be easier for us, therefore, to amend our certificate of incorporation and the trust agreement to facilitate the completion of our initial business combination that some of our stockholders may not support.

 

Our certificate of incorporation provides that any of its provisions related to pre-initial business combination activity (including the requirement to deposit proceeds of this offering and certain proceeds of other financing activity and not release such amounts except in specified circumstances, to provide redemption rights to public stockholders as described herein and including to permit us to withdraw funds from the trust account such that the per-share amount investors will receive upon any redemption or liquidation is substantially reduced or eliminated) may be amended by the affirmative vote of a majority of our stockholders entitled to vote thereon. In all other instances, our certificate of incorporation may be amended by holders of a majority of the voting power of our outstanding common stock entitled to vote thereon, subject to applicable provisions of the DGCL or applicable stock exchange rules.

 

The initial stockholders will hold, in the aggregate, approximately 20% of the voting power of our common stock issued and outstanding immediately following the IPO (assuming they do not purchase any units in this offering), will participate in any vote to amend our certificate of incorporation and/or trust agreement, and will have the discretion to vote in any manner they choose except as otherwise required by the letter agreement.

 

As a result, we may be able to amend the provisions of our certificate of incorporation which govern our pre-initial-business-combination behavior more easily than some other blank check companies, and this may increase our ability to complete an initial business combination with which you do not agree. Our stockholders may pursue remedies against us for any breach of our certificate of incorporation.

 

Additional financing might not be available to us, if necessary, to complete our initial business combination or to fund the operations and growth of the target business, which could compel us to restructure or abandon a particular business combination.

 

We have not yet identified any prospective target business and therefore the capital requirements for any particular transaction remain to be determined; thus, although we believe that the net proceeds of this offering will be sufficient to allow us to consummate a business combination, we cannot be certain that we will not require additional capital, which may not be available to us. If the net proceeds of this offering prove to be insufficient, either because of the size of the business combination, the depletion of the available net proceeds in search of a target business, or the obligation to redeem into cash a significant number of shares of common stock, we will be required to seek additional financing which may not be available or may not be available on acceptable terms. To the extent that additional financing proves to be unavailable when needed to consummate a particular business combination, we would be compelled to either restructure the transaction or abandon that particular business combination and seek an alternative target business candidate. In addition, if we consummate a business combination, we may require additional financing to fund the operations or the growth of the target business. The failure to secure additional financing could have a material adverse effect on the continued development or growth of the target business. None of our officers, directors or stockholders is required to provide any financing to us in connection with or after our initial business combination.

 

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The normal regulatory protections for blank check companies will not apply to your investment in this company.

 

Under the U.S. securities laws, our company has characteristics of a “blank check company” because our “business plan is to engage in a merger or acquisition with an unidentified company or companies, or other entity or person,” and Rule 419 as promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933 governs such offerings and provides an exclusion for which we qualify because the Exchange Rule 3a51-1(a)(2) excludes from the definition of “penny stock” a security that is registered, or approved for registration upon notice of issuance, on a national securities exchange, or is listed, or approved for listing upon notice of issuance on, an automated quotation system sponsored by a registered national securities association, that has established initial listing standards that meet or exceed the criteria set forth in the Exchange Rule. Once the Company’s securities are listed on the Nasdaq Global Market and have been so listed since the consummation of its proposed IPO, the Company can therefore rely on the Exchange Rule to avoid being treated as a penny stock. Thus, the investor protections of Rule 419 will not apply: restriction on the transferability of the securities, completion of an initial business combination within 18 months, and restriction on the use of interest earned on the funds held in trust. For more information comparing our offering with offerings governed by Rule 419, please refer to the section of this prospectus entitled “Proposed Business: Comparison of This Offering to Blank Check Offerings Subject to Rule 419.”

 

Our initial stockholders will hold a substantial interest in us. As a result, they may exert a substantial influence on actions requiring a stockholder vote, potentially in a manner that you do not support.

 

Upon the closing of this offering, our initial stockholders will own shares representing approximately 20.00% of our issued and outstanding shares of common stock (not including the shares of common stock underlying the private units and assuming they do not purchase any units in this offering). Neither our initial stockholders nor, to our knowledge, any of our officers or directors, have any current intention to purchase additional securities, other than as disclosed in this prospectus. Factors that would be considered in making such additional purchases would include consideration of the current trading price of our common stock. In addition, as a result of their substantial ownership in our company, our initial stockholders may exert a substantial influence on other actions requiring a stockholder vote, potentially in a manner that you do not support, including amendments to our certificate of incorporation and approval of major corporate transactions. If our initial stockholders purchase any units in this offering or any additional shares of common stock in the aftermarket or in privately negotiated transactions, this would increase their influence over these actions. In addition, our board of directors, whose members were elected by our initial stockholders, will serve for three years prior to appointing replacement directors in three, staggered classes of directors, therefore providing for the election of only one class of directors in each subsequent year thereafter. We may not hold an annual meeting of stockholders to elect new directors prior to the completion of our initial business combination, in which case all of the current directors will continue in office until at least the completion of the initial business combination. If there is an annual meeting, as a consequence of our “staggered” board of directors, only a portion of the board of directors will be considered for election. Accordingly, our initial stockholders will exert significant influence over actions requiring a stockholder vote. Please see “Proposed Business — Effecting Our Initial Business Combination.”

 

Resources could be wasted in researching business combinations that are not completed, which could materially adversely affect subsequent attempts to locate and acquire or merge with another business. If we are unable to complete our initial business combination, our public stockholders may receive only approximately $10.10 per share or less upon the liquidation of our trust account.

 

We anticipate that the investigation of each specific target business and the negotiation, drafting and execution of relevant agreements, disclosure documents and other instruments will require substantial management time and attention and substantial costs for accountants, attorneys and others. If we decide not to complete a specific initial business combination, the costs incurred up to that point for the proposed transaction likely would not be recoverable. Furthermore, if we reach an agreement relating to a specific target business, we may fail to complete our initial business combination for any number of reasons including those beyond our control. Any such event will result in a loss to us of the related costs incurred which could materially adversely affect subsequent attempts to locate and acquire or merge with another business. If we are unable to complete our initial business combination, our public stockholders may receive only approximately $10.10 per share on the liquidation of our trust account.

 

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Our key personnel may negotiate employment or consulting agreements with the target or surviving entity in connection with negotiating the business combination.

 

Our key personnel may remain with us after the initial business combination so long as they are able to successfully negotiate an employment or consulting agreement that would be negotiated simultaneous to the negotiation of the initial business combination. As such, the personal and financial interests of such individuals may influence their motivation in identifying and selecting a target business. As a result, this potential conflict of interest could impair our evaluation of whether any particular acquisition would be more advantageous than another.

 

Our assessment of the skills and qualifications of the management of the target company may be limited which could cause us to make a sub-optimal selection.

 

We will make our evaluation of the target company and its management subject to the limitations of time, information, and resources. As a result, our analysis will be a qualified-analysis, and therefore our determination may ultimately prove to be incorrect. For example, a latent discovery could emerge that the management of the target company might not be suited to managing a publicly traded company. Such a scenario may cause the publicly traded shares of the company to decline in value.

 

Unlike other blank check companies, we may extend the time to complete a business combination by up to six months without a stockholder vote or your ability to redeem your shares.

 

We have 9 months from the closing of this offering to consummate our initial business combination (“Combination Period”). If we anticipate that we may not be able to consummate our initial business combination within 9 months from the closing of this offering, we may, but are not obligated to, if requested by our sponsor or its affiliates, extend Combination Period up to two times by an additional three months each time for a total of up to 15 months by depositing $600,000 (or $690,000 if the underwriters’ over-allotment option is exercised in full) in connection with each such extension into our trust account (the “Paid Extension Period”). In addition, we will be entitled to an automatic six-month extension to complete a business combination (the “Automatic Extension Period”) if we have executed a letter of intent, agreement in principle or definitive agreement for an initial business combination during the Combination Period or Paid Extension Period. If we are unable to consummate our initial business combination within such time period, we will, as promptly as possible but not more than ten (10) business days thereafter, redeem 100% of our outstanding public shares for a pro rata portion of the funds held in the trust account, including a pro rata portion of any interest earned on the funds held in the trust account and not previously released to us or necessary to pay our taxes, and then seek to liquidate and dissolve. However, we may not be able to distribute such amounts as a result of claims of creditors which may take priority over the claims of our public shareholders. In the event of our liquidation and subsequent dissolution, the public and private rights will expire and will be worthless. Our public stockholders will not be afforded an opportunity to vote on our extensions of time to consummate an initial business combination from 9 months to up to 15 months or redeem their shares in connection with such extensions.

 

Public stockholders will not be offered the opportunity to vote on or redeem their shares in connection with any such extension.

 

As the number of special purpose acquisition companies increases, there may be more competition to find an attractive target for an initial business combination. This could increase the costs associated with completing our initial business combination and may result in our inability to find a suitable target for our initial business combination.

 

In recent years, the number of special purpose acquisition companies that have been formed has increased substantially. Many companies have entered into business combinations with special purpose acquisition companies, and there are still many special purpose acquisition companies seeking targets for their initial business combination, as well as many additional special purpose acquisition companies currently in registration. As a result, at times, fewer attractive targets may be available, and it may require more time, effort and resources to identify a suitable target for an initial business combination. In addition, because there are more special purpose acquisition companies seeking to enter into an initial business combination with available targets, the competition for available targets with attractive fundamentals or business models may increase, which could cause target companies to demand improved financial terms. Attractive deals could also become scarcer for other reasons, such as economic or industry sector downturns, geopolitical tensions or increases in the cost of additional capital needed to close business combinations or operate targets post-business combination. This could increase the cost of, delay or otherwise complicate or frustrate our ability to find a suitable target for and/or complete our initial business combination.

 

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Changes in the market for directors’ and officers’ liability insurance could make it more difficult and more expensive for us to negotiate and complete an initial business combination.

 

In recent months, the market for directors’ and officers’ liability insurance for special purpose acquisition companies has changed. Fewer insurance companies are offering quotes for directors’ and officers’ liability coverage, the premiums charged for such policies have generally increased and the terms of such policies have generally become less favorable. There can be no assurance that these trends will not continue. The increased cost and decreased availability of directors’ and officers’ liability insurance could make it more difficult and more expensive for us to negotiate an initial business combination. In order to obtain directors’ and officers’ liability insurance or modify its coverage as a result of becoming a public company, the post-business combination entity might need to incur greater expense, accept less favorable terms or both. However, any failure to obtain adequate directors and officers liability insurance could have an adverse impact on the post-business combination’s ability to attract and retain qualified officers and directors. In addition, even after we were to complete an initial business combination, our directors and officers could still be subject to potential liability from claims arising from conduct alleged to have occurred prior to the initial business combination. As a result, in order to protect our directors and officers, the post-business combination entity may need to purchase additional insurance with respect to any such claims (“run-off insurance”). The need for run-off insurance would be an added expense for the post-business combination entity, and could interfere with or frustrate our ability to consummate an initial business combination on terms favorable to our investors.

 

If our initial business combination includes economic interests external to the jurisdiction of the United States, we would incur substantial additional risks.

 

Additional risk items applicable to us in a scenario wherein we would acquire economic interests beyond the borders of the United States as a part of our initial business combination are difficult to predict and therefore you should be cautious in evaluating any potential negative impact to your investment as a result of such an acquisition. For example: complex issues of taxation arise within a multi-jurisdictional business; other increased costs as a result of operating under more than one legal regime; tariffs, customs, or other barriers to trade could exist today or could arise in the future; capital controls such as the restriction of cross-border currency exchanges; currency valuation risk; increased payment settlement times; differing economies and thus interest rate risk; differing rates of inflation; differing laws concerning enforceability of judgments; differing laws concerning corporate governance and the responsibilities of management to the corporation and ultimately the stockholders and perhaps an entirely different legal regime; corruption; other cultural differences; language differences; force majeure events, civil disturbances, warfare; deterioration of relations with the United States; government confiscation of assets; and other issues that are difficult to predict.

 

We cannot guarantee that we will be able to mitigate every and all risks. As a result, our performance and hence our financial condition could degrade.

 

If our management following our initial business combination is unfamiliar with U.S. securities laws, they may have to expend time and resources becoming familiar with such laws, which could lead to various regulatory issues.

 

Following our initial business combination, any or all of our management could resign from their positions as officers of the Company, and the management of the target business at the time of the business combination could remain in place. Management of the target business may not be familiar with U.S. securities laws. If new management is unfamiliar with U.S. securities laws, they may have to expend time and resources becoming familiar with such laws. This could be expensive and time-consuming and could lead to various regulatory issues which may adversely affect our operations.

 

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We may issue notes or other debt securities, or otherwise incur substantial debt, to complete a business combination, which may adversely affect our leverage and financial condition and thus negatively impact the value of our stockholders’ investment in us.

 

Other than the extensions of credit from our Sponsor to pay for costs incurred by us in connection with our search for a combination target, we have no commitments as of the date of this prospectus to issue any notes or other debt securities, or to otherwise incur outstanding debt, but we may choose to incur substantial debt to complete our business combination. Under such a scenario, the incurrence of debt may have a variety of negative effects, including:

 

default and foreclosure on our assets if our operating revenues after our initial business combination are insufficient to repay our debt obligations;

 

acceleration of our obligations to repay the indebtedness even if we make all principal and interest payments when due if we breach certain covenants that require the maintenance of certain financial ratios or reserves without a waiver or renegotiation of that covenant;

 

our immediate payment of all principal and accrued interest, if any, if the debt security is payable on demand;

 

our inability to obtain necessary additional financing if the debt security contains covenants restricting our ability to obtain such financing while the debt security is outstanding; and,

 

limitations on our ability to borrow additional amounts for expenses, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements, execution of our strategy and other purposes and other disadvantages compared to our competitors who have less debt.

 

We may issue shares of our capital stock to complete our initial business combination, which would reduce the equity interest of our stockholders and likely cause a change in control of our ownership.

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation to be filed at effectiveness of this prospectus will authorize the issuance of up to 20,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share. Upon our initial capitalization, 1,725,000 shares were issued to our Sponsor as founder shares. Immediately after this offering and the purchase of the private units (assuming no exercise of the underwriter’s over-allotment option), there will be 12,204,955 authorized but unissued shares of common stock available for issuance (or in the case of over-allotment 11,052,955). Beyond those shares anticipated to be issued as a result of the exchange of rights upon the consummation of the initial business combination, we have no other commitment as of the date of this offering, and we may issue a substantial number of additional shares of common stock or shares of preferred stock, or a combination of common stock and preferred stock, to complete our initial business combination. The issuance of additional shares of common stock or preferred stock:

 

may significantly reduce the equity interest of investors in this offering;

 

may subordinate the rights of holders of shares of common stock if we issue shares of preferred stock with rights senior to those afforded to our shares of common stock;

 

may cause a change in control if a substantial number of shares of common stock are issued, which may affect, among other things, our ability to use our net operating loss carry forwards, if any, and could result in the resignation or removal of our present officers and directors; and

 

may adversely affect prevailing market prices for our shares of common stock.

 

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We may only be able to complete one business combination with the proceeds of this offering, which will cause us to depend upon a single business which may have a limited number of products or services.

 

It is likely that we will consummate our initial business combination with only a single target business, although we will have the ability to simultaneously consummate our initial business combination with more than one target businesses. By consummating a business combination with only a single entity, our lack of diversification may subject us to numerous economic, competitive, and regulatory developments. Further, we would not be able to diversify our operations or benefit from the possible spreading of risks or offsetting of losses, unlike other entities which may have the resources to complete several business combinations in different industries or different areas of a single industry. Accordingly, the prospects for our success may be:

 

entirely dependent upon the performance of a single business, or

 

dependent upon the development or market acceptance of a single or limited number of products, processes, or services.

 

This lack of diversification may subject us to numerous economic, competitive, and regulatory developments, any or all of which may have a substantial adverse impact upon the particular industry in which we may operate subsequent to our initial business combination.

 

Alternatively, if we determine to simultaneously consummate our initial business combination with several businesses, and such businesses are owned by different sellers, we will need for each of such sellers to agree that our purchase of its business is contingent on the simultaneous closings of the other business combinations, which may make it more difficult for us, and delay our ability, to complete the business combination. With multiple business combinations, we could also face additional risks, including additional burdens and costs with respect to possible multiple negotiations and due diligence investigations (if there are multiple sellers) and the additional risks associated with the subsequent assimilation of the operations and services or products of the target companies in a single operating business. If we are unable to adequately address these risks, it could negatively impact our profitability and results of operations.

 

We may attempt to simultaneously complete business combinations with multiple prospective targets, which may hinder our ability to complete our initial business combination and give rise to increased costs and risks that could negatively impact our operations and profitability.

 

If we determine to simultaneously acquire several businesses that are owned by different sellers, we will need for each of such sellers to agree that our purchase of its business is contingent on the simultaneous closings of the other business combinations, which may make it more difficult for us, and delay our ability, to complete our initial business combination. We do not, however, intend to purchase multiple businesses in unrelated industries in conjunction with our initial business combination. With multiple business combinations, we could also face additional risks, including additional burdens and costs with respect to possible multiple negotiations and due diligence investigations (if there are multiple sellers) and the additional risks associated with the subsequent assimilation of the operations and services or products of the acquired companies in a single operating business. If we are unable to adequately address these risks, it could negatively impact our profitability and results of operations.

 

Our initial business combination is likely to be with a private company for which little public data may be available which means that our estimates as to profitability risk being erroneous.

 

Our initial business combination strategy may include evaluating whether to combine with a privately held company. The risks associated with evaluating privately held companies include limited availability of public information. As a result, our conclusions as to profitability might not be correct.

 

We may issue our shares to investors in connection with our initial business combination at a price that is less than the prevailing market price of our shares at that time. In connection with our initial business combination, we may issue shares to investors in private placement transactions (so-called PIPE transactions) at a price of $10.00 per unit or which approximates the per share amounts in our trust account at such time, which is generally approximately $10.00. The purpose of such issuances will be to enable us to provide sufficient liquidity to the post-business combination entity. The price of the shares we issue may therefore be less, and potentially significantly less, than the market price for our shares at such time. Any such issuances would dilute the interest of our public stockholders, and could result in significant dilution if the issuance price was significantly less than $10.00 per share.

 

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The requirement that our initial business combination occur with one or more target businesses having an aggregate fair market value equal to at least 80% of the value of the trust account at the time of the execution of a definitive agreement for our initial business combination may limit the type and number of companies that we may complete such a business combination with.

 

Pursuant to the Nasdaq listing rules, our initial business combination must occur with one or more target businesses having an aggregate fair market value equal to at least 80% of the value of the trust account (excluding any deferred underwriting discounts and taxes payable on the income earned on the trust account) at the time of the execution of a definitive agreement for our initial business combination. This restriction may limit the type and number of companies that we may complete a business combination with. If we are unable to locate a target business or businesses that satisfy this fair market value test, we may be forced to liquidate and you will only be entitled to receive your pro rata portion of the funds in the trust account. If we are no longer listed on Nasdaq, we will not be required to satisfy the 80% test if, pursuant to stockholder vote, we elect to remove this requirement from our certificate of incorporation.

 

Our ability to consummate an attractive business combination may be impacted by the market for initial public offerings.

 

Our efforts to identify a prospective target business will not be limited to any particular industry or geographic region. If the market for initial public offerings is limited, we believe there will be a greater number of attractive target businesses open to consummating an initial business combination with us as a means to achieve publicly held status. Alternatively, if the market for initial public offerings is robust, we believe that there will be fewer attractive target businesses amenable to consummating an initial business combination with us to become a public reporting company. Accordingly, during periods with strong public offering markets, it may be more difficult for us to complete an initial business combination.

 

Prior to the completion of our initial business combination, we may not have sufficient working capital.

 

As set forth in this prospectus we will allocate 100% of the proceeds from the public offering to the trust account and will rely on excess funding as a result of our sale of Sponsor shares (in the amount of $25,000) and the private placement of units to our Sponsor (in the amount of $2,350,450, or in the case of maximum over-allotment, $2,530,450) in order to fund our expenses during our search period. After the allocation of 100% of the value of this offering to the trust account, the balance of such funds $345,000 will not be held in the trust account and will be used to pay our expenses. We estimate that our expenses will consist of approximately $100,000 of legal, accounting and other expenses attendant to the structuring and negotiation of a business combination, $50,000 of third party expenses related to the search for target businesses and the due diligence investigation, structuring and negotiation of our initial business combination; $50,000 of legal and accounting fees related to SEC reporting obligations, $90,000 for the payment of the administrative fee to our sponsor (of $10,000 per month for 9 months), subject to deferral as described herein, and $55,000 as working capital and reserves (including finders’ fees, consulting fees or other similar compensation, potential deposits, down payments in connection with our initial business combination and liquidation obligations and reserves, if any). In addition, subject to the satisfaction of any taxable amounts, interest received in connection with the funds held in trust will also be available to us to fund our operations during the search period.

 

If our estimates are insufficient, we might not have sufficient funds to cover our expenses because the proceeds from this offering will be held in trust. As a result, we would only be able to continue our operations upon an extension of credit. There is no guarantee that our insiders, officers, directors, or any third party would provide us with additional financing. As such, absent sufficient funds, we would be forced to terminate our search for a target company. We would thereafter commence dissolution.

 

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We may not be able to obtain additional financing to complete our initial business combination or to fund the operations and growth of a target business, which could compel us to restructure or abandon a particular business combination.

 

Although we believe that the net proceeds of this offering and the other sources of financing, such as the extension of credit to us from our Sponsor for the purposes of funding our search process, will be sufficient to allow us to complete our initial business combination, because we have not yet identified any prospective target business, we cannot ascertain the capital requirements for any particular transaction. If the net proceeds of this offering and the other financing prove to be insufficient, either because of the size of our initial business combination, the depletion of the available net proceeds in search of a target business, the obligation to repurchase for cash a significant number of shares from stockholders who elect redemption in connection with our initial business combination or the terms of negotiated transactions to purchase shares in connection with our initial business combination, we may be required to seek additional financing or to abandon the proposed business combination. We cannot assure you that such financing will be available on acceptable terms, if at all. To the extent that additional financing proves to be unavailable when needed to complete our initial business combination, we would be compelled to either restructure the transaction or abandon that particular business combination and seek an alternative target business candidate. If we are unable to complete our initial business combination, our public stockholders may receive only approximately $10.10 per share, or less in certain circumstances, plus any pro-rata interest earned on the funds held in the trust account and not previously released to us to pay our taxes and other expenses.

 

We may enter into agreements with consultants or financial advisers that provide for the payment of fees upon the consummation of our initial business combination, and, therefore, such consultants or financial advisers may have conflicts of interest.

 

We may enter into fee-based agreements with consultants that pay fees upon the consummation of our initial business combination. Accordingly, any fees that we pay these advisors could cause a conflict of interest to arise because their interest in such fees may influence their services to us as concerns a potential business combination. For example, if a fee is determined by the size of the transaction rather than other criteria, then there may be an incentive towards recommending larger transactions as opposed to other transactions that hypothetically might be better pursuant to other criteria, for example, better long-term value or greater growth opportunities. Similarly, consultants whose fees are based on the consummation of a business combination may be influenced to present potential business combinations to us regardless of whether they provide longer-term value for our stockholders. While we will endeavor to structure agreements with consultants and financial advisors so as to minimize the possibility and extent of these conflicts of interest, we cannot assure you that we will be able to do so and that we will not be impacted by the adverse influences they create.

 

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RISKS RELATING TO OUR SPONSOR AND MANAGEMENT TEAM

 

Our Sponsor may exert a substantial influence on actions requiring a stockholder vote, potentially in a manner that you do not support.

 

In addition, prior to our initial business combination, our directors may be elected and removed only by the Sponsor. Accordingly, our Sponsor will continue to exert control at least until the completion of our initial business combination.

 

We rely upon key personnel in order to identify a target, effect an initial business combination, and operate successfully thereafter. Our results could be negatively impacted by the loss of any individual prior to or after the business combination.

 

We rely upon the key personnel of our business to identify and cause the initial business combination, any of whom could leave prior to the combination. Subsequently, we will rely upon, as yet to be identified, key personnel in the target business. Any of these individuals may decide to leave the company post-combination. Although we will evaluate these individuals, we cannot assure you that our evaluations will prove to be correct. Moreover, because we anticipate combining with a privately held company, we cannot predict how adept personnel will be at adapting to the needs of managing a publicly traded company subject to reporting and other requirements.

 

We are dependent upon our officers and directors and their departure could adversely affect our ability to operate.

 

Our operations are dependent upon a relatively small group of individuals and, in particular, our officers and directors. We believe that our success depends on the continued service of our officers and directors, at least until we have completed our initial business combination. We do not have an employment agreement with, or key-man insurance on the life of, any of our directors or officers. The unexpected loss of the services of one or more of our directors or officers could have a detrimental effect on us.

 

Since our Sponsor, officers, and directors will lose their entire investment in us if our initial business combination is not completed, a conflict of interest may arise in determining whether a particular business combination target is appropriate for our initial business combination.

 

On May 17, 2023, our Sponsor paid $25,000 in exchange for 1,725,000 shares of our common stock. Such founder shares include an aggregate of up to 225,000 shares that will be subject to forfeiture to the extent that the underwriters’ over-allotment option is not exercised in full or in part. The number of founder shares issued was determined based on the expectation that the founder shares would represent approximately 20% of the outstanding shares after this offering (not including the shares to be issued to the underwriter at closing or the shares underlying the private placement units). The founder shares will be worthless if we do not complete an initial business combination, especially because, pursuant to letter agreement, the holders of the Sponsor shares and private units have or will have waived their right to claim funds held in the trust account in connection with any redemption of shares. Holders of founder shares and private units have agreed (A) to vote any shares owned by them in favor of any proposed initial business combination (if permitted by law or regulation) and (B) not to redeem any founder shares in connection with a stockholder vote to approve a proposed initial business combination. In addition, any loans from our Sponsor will not be repaid if our business combination is not consummated. In addition, we may obtain loans from our Sponsor, affiliates of our Sponsor or an officer or director. In the scenario wherein an initial business combination is not consummated within the applicable time period (9, 15 or 21 months, as applicable), our governing documents provide that all public shares will be redeemable for a pro rata portion of the funds held in the trust account and any interest paid thereon; provided, however, that such claims shall be limited by (i) prior disbursements to us attributable to interest accrued, and (ii) creditor claims as a result of taxable events or otherwise. Upon settlement of all creditor claims and stockholder disbursements, the company will dissolve and, subject to section 278 of the DGCL, all stockholder rights will terminate. The Sponsor has waived any right to the proceeds held in trust in such a scenario pursuant to the trust agreement. As such, the Sponsor’s investment capital would be forfeited while in the case of a merger, the capital would not be forfeited. The personal and financial interests of our officers and directors may influence their motivation in identifying and selecting a target business combination, completing an initial business combination and influencing the operation of the business following the initial business combination.

 

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The shares beneficially owned by our insiders, officers and directors will not participate in a redemption and, therefore, our insiders, officers and directors may have a conflict of interest in determining whether a particular target business is appropriate for our initial business combination.

 

Our Sponsor, directors, officers, and other insiders have waived their redemption rights with respect to their shares if we are unable to consummate our initial business combination. Accordingly, these securities will be worthless if we do not consummate our initial business combination. Any rights they hold, like those held by the public, will also be worthless if we do not consummate an initial business combination. The personal and financial interests of our directors and officers may influence their motivation in timely identifying and selecting a target business and completing a business combination. Consequently, our directors’ and officers’ discretion in identifying and selecting a suitable target business may result in a conflict of interest when determining whether the terms, conditions, and timing of a particular business combination are appropriate and in our stockholders’ best interest.

 

Reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses incurred by our insiders, officers, directors or any of their affiliates in connection with certain activities on our behalf, such as identifying and investigating possible business targets and business combinations, could reduce the funds available to us to consummate a business combination. In addition, an indemnification claim by one or more of our officers and directors in the event that any of them are sued in their capacity as an officer or director could also reduce the funds available to us outside of the trust account.

 

We may reimburse our insiders, officers, directors or any of their affiliates for out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with certain activities on our behalf, such as identifying and investigating possible business targets and business combinations. There is no limit on the amount of out-of-pocket expenses reimbursable by us; provided, that, to the extent such expenses exceed the available proceeds not deposited in the trust, such expenses would not be reimbursed by us unless we consummate an initial business combination. In addition, pursuant to our certificate of incorporation and Delaware law, we may be required to indemnify our officers and directors in the event that any of them are sued in their capacity as an officer or director. We will also enter into agreements with our officers and directors to provide contractual indemnification in addition to the indemnification provided for in our certificate of incorporation and under Delaware law. In the event that we reimburse our insiders, officers, directors or any of their affiliates for out-of-pocket expenses prior to the consummation of a business combination or are required to indemnify any of our officers or directors pursuant to our certificate of incorporation, Delaware law, or the indemnity agreements that we will enter into with them, we would use funds available to us outside of the trust account. Any reduction in the funds available to us could have a material adverse effect on our ability to locate and investigate prospective target businesses and to structure, negotiate, and conduct due diligence in connection with or consummate our initial business combination.

 

Since, if our business combination is not completed, our officers and directors will not be eligible to be reimbursed for their out-of-pocket expenses, and our Sponsor will not be eligible to be repaid for loans our Sponsor has provided to us, a conflict of interest may arise in determining whether a particular business combination target is appropriate for our initial business combination.

 

Our officers and directors, or any of their respective affiliates, will be reimbursed for any out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with activities on our behalf such as identifying potential target businesses and performing due diligence on suitable business combinations. Reimbursement for such expenses will be paid by us out of loans by our Sponsor and interest earned on the trust account. There is no cap or ceiling on the reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with activities on our behalf. In addition, at the closing of our initial business combination, our Sponsor will be repaid an aggregate of up to $300,000 by our Company pursuant to certain promissory note dated May 21, 2023. These financial interests of our Sponsor, officers, and directors may influence their motivation in identifying and selecting a target business combination and completing an initial business combination.

 

Members of our management team will allocate their time to other businesses thereby causing conflicts of interest in their determination as to how much time to devote to our affairs. This conflict of interest could have a negative impact on our ability to complete our initial business combination.

 

The members of our management team are not required to, and will not, commit their full time to our affairs, which may result in a conflict of interest in allocating their time between our operations and our search for our initial business combination and their other businesses. As a matter of fact, all of our officer and directors are also officer and directors of Yotta Acquisition Corporation currently listed on Nasdaq. We do not intend to have any full-time employees prior to the completion of our initial business combination. The members of our management team may be engaged in other business endeavors for which he or she may be entitled to substantial compensation, and our officers are not obligated to contribute any specific number of hours per week to our affairs. Our directors may also serve as officers or board members for other entities. If a person’s other business affairs require them to devote substantial amounts of time to such affairs in excess of their current commitment levels, it could limit their ability to devote time to our affairs which may have a negative impact on our ability to complete our initial business combination. For further discussion of our officers’ and directors’ other business affairs, please see the section of this prospectus entitled “Management — Directors and Executive Officers.”

 

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Members of our management team may have affiliations with entities engaged in business activities similar to those intended to be conducted by us and accordingly, may have conflicts of interest.

 

Members of our management team may have affiliations with companies, including companies that are engaged in business activities similar to those intended to be conducted by us. Accordingly, they may participate in transactions and have obligations that may be in conflict or competition with our consummation of our initial business combination. As a result, a potential target business may be presented by our management team to another entity prior to its presentation to us and we may not be afforded the opportunity to engage in a transaction with such target business. For a more detailed description of the potential conflicts of interest of our management, see the section titled “Management — Conflicts of Interest.”

 

Certain of our directors and officers may in the future become, affiliated with entities engaged in business activities similar to those intended to be conducted by us and, accordingly, may have conflicts of interest in allocating their time and determining to which entity a particular business opportunity should be presented.

 

Following the completion of this offering and until we consummate our initial business combination, we intend to engage in the business of identifying and combining with one or more businesses. Our Sponsor, directors, and officers may in the future become, affiliated with entities that are engaged in a similar business.

 

In addition, the Sponsor may Sponsor or form other public blank check companies similar to ours, or Sponsor or form any private equity fund targeting private company acquisitions, during the period in which we are seeking our initial business combination, including but not limited to, investment vehicles that may invest side-by-side with our company.

 

Though we do not believe that the insider’s activities present significant conflicts of interest with respect to our pursuit of an acquisition target, because we intend that our acquisition target will be a privately owned company, certain conflicts described herein may still arise.

 

Our directors and officers currently have, and any of them in the future may have, additional, fiduciary or contractual obligations to another entity pursuant to which such officer or director is or will be required to present a business combination opportunity to such entity, including, without limitation, funds managed or advised by our Sponsor or its affiliates, subject to their fiduciary duties. If any of our directors or officers becomes aware of a business combination opportunity that falls within the line of business of any entity to which he or she has pre-existing fiduciary or contractual obligations, he or she may be required to present such business combination opportunity to such entity prior to presenting such business combination opportunity to us.

 

Our directors and officers also may become aware of business opportunities which may be necessary or appropriate for presentation to other entities to which they owe certain fiduciary or contractual duties. Any presentation of such opportunities to such other entities may present additional conflicts.

 

Our insiders may have conflicts of interest in determining to which entity a particular business opportunity should be presented. Our letter agreement with them provides that subject to pre-existing duties, they must present opportunities to us prior to other companies. Our certificate of incorporation provides that we renounce our interest in any corporate opportunity offered to any director or officer unless such opportunity is expressly offered to such person solely in his or her capacity as a director or officer of our company and such opportunity is one we are legally and contractually permitted to undertake and would otherwise be reasonable for us to pursue, and to the extent the director or officer is permitted to refer that opportunity to us without violating another legal obligation.

 

The Sponsor is not required to commit his full time to our affairs. The members of our management Team and our Sponsor have other professional engagements. While the members of our management team intend to vote as much of their time as they deem necessary to our affairs, and while we believe the members of our management team will be able to allocate their duties to us and to the Company in a manner that allows them to provide us with the resources and support we require while also fulfilling their responsibilities to the Company, such persons may have conflicts of interest in allocating his or her time among various business activities.

 

For a complete discussion of our officers’ and directors’ business affiliations and the potential conflicts of interest that you should be aware of, please see the sections of this prospectus entitled “Management — Directors and Executive Officers,” “Management — Conflicts of Interest” and “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions.”

 

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Our officers, directors, security holders and their respective affiliates may have competitive pecuniary interests that conflict with our interests.

 

We have not adopted a policy that expressly prohibits our directors, officers, security holders or affiliates from having a direct or indirect pecuniary or financial interest in any investment to be acquired or disposed of by us or in any transaction to which we are a party or have an interest. It is possible that we enter into our initial business combination with a target business that is affiliated with our Sponsor and/or its affiliates, our directors or officers. We do not have a policy that expressly prohibits any such persons from engaging for their own account in business activities of the types conducted by us. Accordingly, such persons or entities may have a conflict between their interests and ours.

 

Despite our agreement to obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm that is a member of FINRA, or from an independent accounting firm, regarding the fairness to our company from a financial point of view of an initial business with one or more businesses affiliated with our directors, officers, or current stockholders, potential conflicts of interest still may exist and, as a result, the terms of our initial business combination may not be as advantageous to our public stockholders as they would be absent any conflicts of interest.

 

We may engage in an initial business combination with one or more target businesses that have relationships with entities that may be affiliated with our Sponsor, officers, directors or existing holders which may raise potential conflicts of interest.

 

Considering the involvement of our Sponsor, directors, and officers with other entities, we may decide to acquire one or more businesses affiliated with our Sponsor, directors or officers. Our directors and officers may also serve as officers and board members for other entities, including, without limitation, those described under the section of this prospectus entitled “Management — Conflicts of Interest.” Such entities may compete with us for business combination opportunities. Our Sponsor, directors and officers are not currently aware of any specific opportunities for us to complete our initial business combination with any entities with which they are affiliated, and there have been no preliminary discussions concerning an initial business combination with any such entity or entities. Although we will not be specifically targeting any transaction with any affiliated entities, we would pursue such a transaction if we determined that such affiliated entity met our criteria for our initial business combination as set forth in the section of this prospectus entitled “Proposed Business” and such transaction were approved by a majority of our disinterested directors. Despite our agreement to obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm that is a member of FINRA, or from an independent accounting firm, regarding the fairness to our company from a financial point of view of an initial business with one or more businesses affiliated with our directors, officers, or current stockholders, potential conflicts of interest still may exist and, as a result, the terms of our initial business combination may not be as advantageous to our public stockholders as they would be absent any conflicts of interest.

 

Our management may not be able to maintain control of a target business after our initial business combination. We cannot provide assurance that, upon loss of control of a target business, new management will possess the skills, qualifications or abilities necessary to profitably operate such business.

 

We may structure our initial business combination such that the post-transaction company own less than 100% of such interests or assets of the target business in order to meet certain objectives of the target management team or stockholders or for other reasons, but we will only complete such business combination if the post-transaction company owns 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of the target or otherwise owns a controlling interest in the target sufficient for it not to be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act. Even if the post-transaction company owns 50% or more of the voting securities of the target, our stockholders prior to the business combination may collectively own a minority interest in the post-transaction company, depending on valuations ascribed to the target and us in the business combination transaction. For example, we could pursue a transaction in which we issue a substantial number of new shares in exchange for all of the outstanding capital stock of a target. In this case, we would acquire a 100% controlling interest in the target. However, as a result of the issuance of a substantial number of new shares, our stockholders immediately prior to our initial business combination could own less than a majority of our outstanding shares subsequent to our initial business combination. In addition, other minority stockholders may subsequently combine their holdings resulting in a single person or group obtaining a larger share of the company’s stock than we initially acquired. Accordingly, this may make it more likely that our management will not be able to maintain our control of the target business.

 

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The ownership interest of our Sponsor may change.

 

Our Sponsor is a single-member LLC that is owned by Ms. Chen Chen, wife of our Chief Executive Officer Mr. Hui Chen; however, this may change as there is no restriction on her ability to share part or all of her interest in such entity.

 

Our board of directors is composed of our Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Hui Chen, our Chief Financial Officer, Mr. Robert L. Labbe, and, our independent directors, Mr. Brandon Miller, Mr. Daniel M. McCabe, and Mr. Michael Lazar.

 

Although we may be required to by governing law, we do not intend to hold a stockholders’ meeting to elect directors prior to the completion of our initial business combination. We will ask that our directors commit to serving as directors until the completion of the initial business combination, although we cannot assure you that they will not depart for other opportunities. They may also participate in the management or other entities, which may or may not conflict with our business or the businesses of any potential target. As a result, we cannot assure you that they will not have a conflict of interest.

 

Our independent registered public accounting firm’s report originally contained an explanatory paragraph that expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a “going concern.” Only upon further discussion and consideration of management’s plans was the going concern opinion retracted.

 

As of May 31, 2023, we had $314,700 in cash and a working capital deficit (current assets less current liabilities, excluding deferred offering costs) of $70,300. Further, we have incurred and expect to continue to incur significant costs in pursuit of our finance and acquisition plans. Management’s plans to address this need for capital through this offering are discussed in the section of this prospectus titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” We cannot assure you that our plans to raise capital or to consummate an initial business combination will be successful. These factors, among others, originally raised substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements contained elsewhere in this prospectus do not include any adjustments that might result from our inability to consummate this offering.

 

We will have 9 months from the close of this offering (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) to consummate our initial business combination. We have no obligation to return funds to investors prior to such date unless: (i) we consummate our initial business combination or (ii) otherwise hold a stockholder vote in certain limited circumstances. Stockholders will otherwise not be entitled to distributions from the trust account. Accordingly, investors’ funds may be unavailable to them until the occurrence of one of the aforementioned events and therefore may be forced to sell their public shares, potentially at a loss, so as to liquidate their investment.

 

Our Insiders risk all of their investment if an initial business combination is not consummated. As a result, at the time of merger, if the combined entity will not have adequate capital to satisfy the related party loan which will become due as a result of the transaction, our Chief Executive Officer (who is also the sole-member of our Sponsor) will nonetheless have an incentive to attempt to cause the merger because a delayed satisfaction of a related party loan would be a better economic result than a total loss of investment due to a failure to propose the transaction. Even if the transaction were not pursued by way of a tender offer, an investment proposal pursuant to our governing documents could be made by a majority of the board (which would satisfy the requirement for a quorum) and any decision could be satisfied by as few as two directors; provided, however, that this presumes no other alternative investment wherein the post-combination capital structure would be sufficient to satisfy the related party loan obligation.

 

We cannot assure you that our Chief Executive Officer and therefore Sponsor might have more influence on the board of directors’ decision to propose an investment to the stockholders than as would be the case with other special purpose acquisition company offerings. In addition, if the Company would default on that certain $300,000 promissory note dated May 21, 2023 between our Sponsor and the Company upon the consummation of our initial business combination, the Sponsor would have the ability to force the Company into an involuntary bankruptcy reorganization or liquidation.

 

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RISKS RELATING TO OUR SECURITIES

 

The securities in which we invest the proceeds held in the trust account could bear a negative rate of interest, which could reduce the interest income available for payment of taxes or reduce the value of the assets held in trust such that the per-share redemption amount received by stockholders may be less than $10.10 per share.

 

The net proceeds of this offering and certain proceeds from the sale of the private placement units, in the amount of $60,600,000 (or $69,690,000 if the over-allotment option is exercised in full), will be held in an interest-bearing trust account. The proceeds held in the trust account may only be invested in U.S. government treasury bills with a maturity of 185 days or less or in money market funds meeting certain conditions under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act which invest only in direct U.S. government treasury obligations. While short-term U.S. treasury obligations currently yield a positive rate of interest, they have briefly yielded negative interest rates in recent years. Central banks in Europe and Japan pursued interest rates below zero in recent years, and the Open Market Committee of the Federal Reserve has not ruled out the possibility that it may in the future adopt similar policies in the United States. In the event of very low or negative yields, the amount of interest income (which we may use to pay our taxes, if any) would be reduced. In the event that we are unable to complete our initial business combination, our public stockholders are entitled to receive their pro-rata share of the proceeds then held in the trust account, plus any interest income (less up to $100,000 of interest to pay dissolution expenses). If the balance of the trust account is reduced below $60,600,000 (or $69,690,000 if the over-allotment option is exercised in full) as a result of negative interest rates, the amount of funds in the trust account available for distribution to our public stockholders may be reduced below $10.10 per share.

 

If we are deemed to be an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, we may be required to adhere to that Act and the rules promulgated thereunder, which may make it more difficult for us to effect our initial business combination.

 

If we do not qualify for an exclusion from the Investment Company Act, our activities may be regulated thereunder. This may include restrictions on our corporate governance as well as our investments. Other requirements that would apply to us if we were deemed to qualify for regulation under the Investment Company Act of 1940 include: registration as an investment company; adoption of a specific form of corporate structure; and reporting, record keeping, voting, proxy and disclosure requirements, and other rules and regulations. As a result, it may be more difficult for us to effect a business combination.

 

The Investment Company Act excludes enterprises engaged primarily in a business other than investing, reinvesting or trading in securities, and our activities do not include investing, reinvesting, owning, holding, or trading “investment securities” constituting more than 40% of our total assets (exclusive of U.S. government securities and cash items) on an unconsolidated basis. As a result, we do not believe that our anticipated principal activities will subject us to regulation under the Investment Company Act because our business will be to identify and complete our initial business combination and thereafter to operate the post-combination business or assets for the long-term. We do not plan to buy businesses or assets with a view to resale or profit from their resale. We also do not plan to be a passive investor except that, the proceeds held in the trust account, which may only be invested in direct U.S. Treasury obligations (which are United States “government securities” within the meaning of Section 2(a)(16) of the Investment Company Act) having a maturity of 180 days or less or in money market funds meeting certain conditions under Rule 2a-7 promulgated under the Investment Company Act which invest only in direct U.S. Treasury obligations.

 

Pursuant to certain trust agreement to be entered into between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, the trustee is not permitted to invest in other securities or assets. By restricting the investment of the proceeds to these instruments, and by having a business plan to acquire and grow an enterprise for the long-term (rather than to buy and sell businesses in the manner of a merchant bank or a private equity fund), we intend to avoid being deemed an “investment company” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act. The trust account is intended as a holding place for funds pending the earliest to occur of: (i) the completion of our initial business combination (including any redemptions made in connection therewith); (ii) the redemption of any of the shares of our common stock issued in this offering that are properly submitted in connection with a stockholder vote to amend our certificate of incorporation (A) to modify the substance or timing of our obligation to allow redemptions in connection with our initial business combination, (B) to modify the substance or timing of our obligation to redeem 100% of the shares of common stock issued in this offering if we do not complete our initial business combination within 9 months (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) post-effectiveness of the registration statement of the securities described herein, or (C) with respect to any other provision relating to stockholders’ rights or pre-initial business combination activity; or (iii) absent a business combination within prescribed time periods our return of the funds held in the trust account to our public stockholders by redeeming their shares of common stock. Thus this offering is not intended for persons who are seeking a return on investments in government securities or investment securities.

 

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If we do not invest the proceeds as discussed above, we may be deemed to be subject to the Investment Company Act. In such a scenario, compliance with these additional regulations would require additional expenses for which we have not allotted funds and may hinder our ability to complete our initial business combination or result in our liquidation. If we are unable to complete our initial business combination, our public stockholders may receive only approximately $10.10 per share, or less in certain circumstances, upon the liquidation of our trust account.

 

Public stockholders, together with any affiliates of theirs or any other person with whom they are acting in concert or as a “group,” will be restricted from seeking conversion rights with respect to more than 15% of the shares of common stock sold in this offering.

 

In connection with any meeting held to approve an initial business combination, we will offer each public stockholder (but not our insiders, officers or directors) the right to have his, her, or its shares of common stock redeemed for cash. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a public stockholder, together with any affiliate of his or hers, or any other person with whom he or she is acting in concert or as a “group” will be restricted from seeking redemption rights with respect to more than 15% of the shares of common stock sold in this offering without our prior written consent. Generally, in this context, a stockholder will be deemed to be acting in concert or as a group with another stockholder when such stockholders agree to act together for the purpose of acquiring, voting, holding or disposing of our equity securities. Accordingly, if you purchase more than 15% of the shares of common stock sold in this offering and our proposed business combination is approved, you will not be able to seek redemption rights with respect to the full amount of your shares and may be forced to hold such additional shares of common stock or sell them in the open market. The value of such additional shares might not appreciate over time following our initial business combination, and the market price of our shares of common stock might not exceed the per-share redemption price.

 

Nasdaq may delist our securities from its exchange which could limit the ability to transact in our securities and subject us to additional trading restrictions.

 

We anticipate that our securities will be listed on Nasdaq, a national securities exchange, upon the consummation of this offering. Although after giving effect to this offering we expect to meet, on a pro forma basis, the minimum initial listing standards set forth in the Nasdaq listing standards, we cannot assure you that our securities will be, or will continue to be, listed on Nasdaq in the future or prior to our initial business combination. In order to continue listing our securities on Nasdaq prior to our initial business combination, we must maintain certain financial, distribution and stock price levels. Generally, we must maintain at least 400 holders of our securities. Additionally, in connection with our initial business combination, we must demonstrate compliance with Nasdaq’s initial listing requirements, which are more rigorous than Nasdaq’s continued listing requirements, in order to continue to maintain the listing of our securities on Nasdaq. For example, the minimum bid price of our stock must be at least $4 per share and our net tangible assets must be in excess of $5 million. We cannot assure you that we will be able to meet these initial listing requirements at the time of the business combination.

 

Also, under the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, if the PCAOB determines that it cannot inspect or fully investigate the auditor of a company that is our initial business combination target, then Nasdaq may delist our securities because this might cause us to no longer qualify for Nasdaq’s prerequisites for continued listing on its market.

 

If Nasdaq delists our securities from trading on its exchange, we could face significant material adverse consequences, including:

 

limited price discovery for our securities;

 

reduced liquidity for our securities;

 

a determination that our shares constitute “penny stock” and hence require brokers trading in our shares to adhere to more stringent rules, possibly resulting in a reduced level of trading activity in the secondary trading market for our shares;

 

a limited news and analyst coverage of our company; and,

 

a decreased ability to issue additional securities or to obtain additional financing in the future.

 

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For an aggregate consideration of $25,000, our insiders purchased 1,725,000 shares of our common stock, 225,000 of which are subject to forfeiture. Our Sponsor also will purchase up to 253,045 private placement units in connection with this offering (assuming the overallotment is exercised in full), and thus, you will experience substantial dilution upon the consummation of our initial business combination when our Sponsor’s economic interest in us will cease to be restricted.

 

The difference between the public offering price per share and the pro forma net tangible book value per share after this offering constitutes the dilution to the investors in this offering. Although our initial stockholders have agreed to waive their redemption rights and to vote in favor of any proposed business combination (if permitted by law or regulation), they acquired their founder shares at a nominal price, significantly contributing to this dilution. Upon consummation of this offering and presuming that you hold your shares through the consummation of the initial business combination, you and the other new investors will incur a substantial dilution of approximately 113.6% or $10.33 per share (the difference between the public offering price of $9.09 per share and the pro forma net tangible book value of $(1.24) per share). This is because investors in this offering will be contributing approximately 96.19% % of the total amount paid to us for our outstanding securities after this offering but will only own approximately 78.40% of our outstanding securities. However, this is not the amount that you would receive if redeeming your shares because the amount you receive may depend on the amount of other stockholders doing the same, and would be influenced by our Sponsor’s agreement to waive its redemption rights. Nonetheless the per-share purchase price you will be paying substantially exceeds our per share net tangible book value after accounting for the cost of the proceeds of this offering.

 

We may issue additional common stock or preferred stock to complete our initial business combination or under an employee incentive plan after completion of our initial business combination. Any such issuances would dilute the interest of our stockholders and likely present other risks.

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation to be filed at effectiveness of this prospectus will authorize the issuance of up to 20,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share. Immediately after this offering, there will be 12,204,955 authorized but unissued shares of common stock (assuming no exercise of the underwriter’s over-allotment option), which amount includes the shares of common stock reserved for issuance upon exchange of rights. Immediately after the consummation of this offering, there will be no shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding. We may issue a substantial number of additional shares of common to complete our initial business combination (including pursuant to a specified future issuance) or under an employee incentive plan after completion of our initial business combination (although our certificate of incorporation will provide that we may not issue securities that can vote with common stockholders on matters related to our pre-initial business combination activity, on any amendment to certain provisions of our certificate of incorporation or on our initial business combination). However, our certificate of incorporation will provide, among other things, that prior to our initial business combination, we may not issue additional shares of capital stock that would entitle the holders thereof to (i) receive funds from the trust account or (ii) vote on any initial business combination. These provisions of our certificate of incorporation, like all provisions of our certificate of incorporation, may be amended with the approval of our stockholders. However, our officers, directors, and, if applicable, director nominees have agreed, pursuant to a written agreement with us, that they will not propose any amendment to our certificate of incorporation (A) to modify the substance or timing of our obligation to allow redemption in connection with our initial business combination or to redeem 100% of our public shares if we do not complete our initial business combination within 9 months (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) from the closing of this offering or (B) with respect to any other provision relating to stockholders’ rights or pre-initial business combination activity, unless we provide our public stockholders with the opportunity to redeem their shares of common stock upon approval of any such amendment at a per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the trust account, including interest (which interest shall be net of taxes payable), divided by the number of then outstanding public shares. The issuance of additional shares of common stock:

 

may significantly dilute the equity interest of investors in this offering;

 

may subordinate the rights of holders of common stock if preferred stock is issued with rights senior to those afforded our common stock;

 

could cause a change of control if a substantial number of shares of our common stock are issued, which may affect, among other things, our ability to use our net operating loss carry forwards, if any, and could result in the resignation or removal of our present officers and directors; and

 

may adversely affect prevailing market prices for our units, common stock and/or rights.

 

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We may issue notes or other debt instruments, or otherwise incur substantial debt, to complete our initial business combination, which may adversely affect our leverage and financial condition and thus negatively impact the value of our stockholders’ investment in us.

 

Although we have no commitments as of the date of this prospectus to issue any notes or other debt instruments beyond our Sponsor’s credit line to us, or to otherwise incur outstanding debt following this offering, we may choose to incur substantial debt to complete our initial business. We do not intend to incur any indebtedness unless we have obtained from the lender a waiver of any right, title, interest or claim of any kind in or to the monies held in the trust account. As such, no issuance of debt will affect the per-share amount available for redemption from the trust account. Nevertheless, the incurrence of debt could have a variety of negative effects, including:

 

default and foreclosure on our assets if our operating revenues after our initial business combination are insufficient to repay our debt obligations;

 

acceleration of our obligations to repay the indebtedness even if we make all principal and interest payments when due if we breach certain covenants that require the maintenance of certain financial ratios or reserves without a waiver or renegotiation of that covenant;

 

our immediate payment of all principal and accrued interest, if any, if the debt security is payable on demand;

 

our inability to obtain necessary additional financing if the debt security contains covenants restricting our ability to obtain such financing while the debt security is outstanding;

 

our inability to pay dividends on our common stock;

 

using a substantial portion of our cash flow to pay principal and interest on our debt, which will reduce the funds available for dividends on our common stock if declared, our ability to pay expenses, make capital expenditures and acquisitions, and fund other general corporate purposes;

 

limitations on our flexibility in planning for and reacting to changes in our business and in the industry in which we operate;

 

increased vulnerability to adverse changes in general economic, industry and competitive conditions and adverse changes in government regulation;

 

limitations on our ability to borrow additional amounts for expenses, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements, and execution of our strategy; and,

 

other disadvantages compared to our competitors who have less debt.

 

Since our Sponsor paid only approximately $0.0145 per share for the founder shares, certain of our officers and directors could potentially make a substantial profit even if we acquire a target business that subsequently declines in value.

 

On May 17, 2023 our Sponsor purchased 1,725,000 shares of our common stock in exchange for a capital contribution of $25,000. After giving effect of forfeiture of 225,000 of the common stock assuming that the underwriter’s overallotment option is not exercised, the resulting purchase price will be approximately $0.0167 per share. Certain of our officers and directors have a significant economic interest in our Sponsor. As a result, the low acquisition cost of the founder shares creates an economic incentive whereby our officers and directors could potentially make a substantial profit even if we complete a business combination with a target business that subsequently declines in value and is unprofitable for public investors.

 

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The nominal purchase price paid by our Sponsor for the founder shares may result in significant dilution to the implied value of your public shares upon the consummation of our initial business combination.

 

We are offering our units at an offering price of $10.00 per unit, implying an initial value of $10.00 per public share. However, prior to this offering, our Sponsor paid a nominal aggregate purchase price of $25,000 for the founder shares, or approximately $0.0145 per share. As a result, the value of your public shares may significantly decline upon the consummation of our initial business combination. For example, the following table shows the dilutive effect of the founder shares on the implied value of the shares sold by way of this offering upon the consummation of our initial business combination, assuming that our equity value at that time is $10.10, which is the amount we would have for our initial business combination in the trust account, assuming 1) the underwriters’ over-allotment option is not exercised, 2) no interest is earned on the funds held in the trust account, 3) no public shares are redeemed in connection with our initial business combination, and 4) without taking into account any other potential impacts on our valuation at such time, such as the trading price of our public shares, the business combination transaction costs, any equity issued or cash paid to the target’s sellers or other third parties, or the target’s business itself (including its assets, liabilities, management and prospects, as well as the value of our public and private rights). At such valuation, each of our shares of common stock would have an implied value of $7.50 per share upon consummation of our initial business combination, which would be a 25.0% decrease as compared to the initial implied value per public share of $10.00 (the price per unit in this offering, assuming no value to the public rights).

 

Public shares     6,000,000  
Private shares     235,045  
Representative shares     60,000  
Insider shares(1)     1,500,000  
Total shares     7,795,045  
Total funds in trust available for initial business combination (less deferred underwriting commissions)(2)     58,500,000  
Initial implied value per public share   $ 10.00  
Implied value per share upon consummation of initial business combination   $ 7.50  

 

 
(1) Assumes the full forfeiture of 225,000 founder shares that are subject to forfeiture by our Sponsor depending on the extent to which the underwriters’ over-allotment option is exercised.
(2) Assumes the allocation of additional funds to the trust account from the sale of the private units so as to maintain 101% in trust after deducting the expenses of this offering.

 

The value of the founder shares following completion of our initial business combination is likely to be substantially higher than the nominal price paid for them, even if the trading price of our common stock at such time is substantially less than $10.00 per share.

 

Upon the closing of this offering, assuming no exercise of the underwriters’ over-allotment option, our Sponsor and its affiliates will have invested in us an aggregate of $2,375,450, comprised of the $25,000 purchase price for the founder shares and the $2,350,450 purchase price for the private placement units. Assuming a trading price of $10.00 per share upon consummation of our initial business combination, the 1,735,045 founder shares (assuming no exercise of the over-allotment option) would have an aggregate implied value of $17,350,450. As a result, our Sponsor is likely to have the ability to recoup its investment in us and make a substantial profit on that investment, even if our public shares have lost significant value. Accordingly, our management team, which owns interests in our Sponsor, may have an economic incentive that differs from that of the public stockholders to pursue and consummate an initial business combination rather than to liquidate and to return all of the cash in the trust to the public stockholders, even if that business combination were with a riskier or less-established target business. For the foregoing reasons, you should consider our management team’s financial incentive to complete an initial business combination when evaluating whether to redeem your shares prior to or in connection with the initial business combination.

 

If our insiders exercise their registration rights, it may have an adverse effect on the market price of our shares of common stock and the existence of these rights may make it more difficult to effect our initial business combination.

 

Our insiders are entitled to make a demand that we register the resale of the founder shares and the shares sold via private placement (a total of 1,735,045 shares if the over-allotment option is not exercised and all rights are subsequently redeemed for shares of common stock) at any time. The presence of these additional shares of common stock trading in the public market may have an adverse effect on the market price of our securities. In addition, the existence of these rights may make it more difficult to effectuate our initial business combination or increase the cost of consummating our initial business combination with the target business, as the stockholders of the target business may be discouraged from entering into a business combination with us or will request a higher price for their securities because of the potential effect the exercise of such rights may have on the trading market for our shares of common stock.

 

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The determination of the offering price of our units and the size of this offering is more arbitrary than the pricing of securities and size of an offering of an operating company in a particular industry. You may have less assurance, therefore, that the offering price of our units properly reflects the value of such units than you would have in a typical offering of an operating company.

 

Prior to this offering there has been no public market for any of our securities. The public offering price of the units were negotiated between us and the underwriters. In determining the size of this offering, management held customary organizational meetings with the representatives of the underwriters, both prior to our inception and thereafter, with respect to the state of capital markets, generally, and the amount the underwriters believed they reasonably could raise on our behalf. Factors considered in determining the size of this offering, prices and terms of the units, including the common stock underlying the units, include:

 

the history and prospects of companies whose principal business is the acquisition of other companies;

 

prior offerings of those companies;

 

our prospects for acquiring an operating business;

 

a review of debt-to-equity ratios in leveraged transactions;

 

our capital structure;

 

an assessment of our management and their experience in identifying operating companies;

 

general conditions of the securities markets at the time of this offering; and,

 

other factors as were deemed relevant.

 

Although these factors were considered, the determination of our offering price is more arbitrary than the pricing of securities of an operating company in a particular industry since we have no historical operations or financial results.

 

Prior to this offering, there is no market for our securities and there is no guarantee that a market will develop which means that you will not be able to easily predict the liquidity and other price discovery aspects of our securities.

 

Prior to this offering, there is no market for our securities. As a result, information about us is limited which may limit your ability to determine an appropriate price for our securities. Moreover, our valuation may change depending on any combination of economic factors, market conditions, or the business combination that we choose. A liquid market for our securities might never develop or may dissipate. Absent a market for our securities, you would have limited opportunities to recoup your investment.

 

Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and Delaware law may inhibit a takeover of us, which could limit the price investors might be willing to pay in the future for our common stock and could entrench management.

 

Our certificate of incorporation contains provisions that may discourage unsolicited takeover proposals that stockholders may consider to be in their best interests. These provisions include the ability of the board of directors to designate the terms of and issue new series of preferred shares, which may make the removal of management more difficult and may discourage transactions that otherwise could involve payment of a premium over prevailing market prices for our securities.

 

Section 203 of the DGCL affects the ability of an “interested stockholder” to engage in certain business combinations, for a period of three years following the time that the stockholder becomes an “interested stockholder.” We will take all necessary corporate action to ensure that our Sponsor, its affiliates, and their transferees will not be deemed to be “interested stockholders,” regardless of the percentage of our voting stock owned by them, and will therefore not be subject to such restrictions. See “Certain Anti-Takeover Provisions of Delaware Law and our Certificate of Incorporation and By-Laws.”

 

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Our certificate of incorporation requires, to the fullest extent permitted by law, that derivative actions brought in our name, actions against directors, officers and employees for breach of fiduciary duty and other similar actions may be brought only in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware or, if that court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, another federal or state court situated in the State of Delaware. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of our capital stock shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the forum provisions in our certificate of incorporation. This exclusive provision forum will not apply to suits arising under the Exchange Act or any other claim for which federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction. In addition, our certificate of incorporation provides that the federal district courts of the United States shall be the exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action under the Securities Act.

 

This choice of forum provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with us or any of our directors, officers, other employees or stockholders, which may discourage lawsuits with respect to such claims. Alternatively, if a court were to find the choice of forum provision contained in our certificate of incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

An investment in this offering may result in uncertain or adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences.

 

An investment in this offering may result in uncertain U.S. federal income tax consequences. For instance, because there are no authorities that directly address instruments similar to the units we are issuing in this offering, the allocation an investor makes with respect to the purchase price of a unit between the share of common stock and one-tenth (1/10) of one right included in each unit could be challenged by the IRS or the courts. It is also unclear whether the redemption rights with respect to our shares of common stock suspend the running of a U.S. holder’s holding period for purposes of determining whether any gain or loss realized by such holder on the sale or exchange of common stock is long-term capital gain or loss and for determining whether any dividend we pay would be considered “qualified dividends” for federal income tax purposes. See the section titled “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations” for a summary of certain material U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in our securities. Prospective investors are urged to consult their tax advisors with respect to these and other tax consequences when purchasing, holding or disposing of our securities.

 

Our certificate of incorporation and Delaware law may have the effect of discouraging lawsuits against our directors and officers.

 

Our certificate of incorporation will require that, subject to certain exceptions and unless the Corporation consents in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the sole and exclusive forum for any stockholder (including a beneficial owner) to bring (i) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of the Corporation, (ii) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any current or former director, officer, employee, agent to the Corporation or the Corporation’s stockholders, (iii) any action asserting a claim arising pursuant to any provision of the Delaware General Corporation Law or our certificate of incorporation or the bylaws, or (iv) any action asserting a claim against the company, its directors, officers or employees governed by the internal affairs doctrine shall be the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware or, if that court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, another federal or state court situated in the State of Delaware.

 

The above will apply with the exception of, as to each of (i) through (iv) above, (a) any claim as to which the Court of Chancery determines that there is an indispensable party not subject to the jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery (and the indispensable party does not consent to the personal jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery within ten days following such determination), which is vested in the exclusive jurisdiction of a court or forum other than the Court of Chancery, or for which the Court of Chancery does not have subject matter jurisdiction, or (b) any action or claim arising under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, as amended, or any other claim for which the federal courts will have exclusive jurisdiction.

 

The federal district courts of the United States of America shall be the exclusive forum for resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action arising under the Securities Act. Section 22 of the Securities Act creates concurrent jurisdiction for federal and state courts over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder.

 

As for any complaint asserting a cause of action arising under the Exchange Act, section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all claims brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder.

 

This provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with the company and its directors, officers, or other employees.

 

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The proceeds held in trust will be invested in securities that may lose value or may not even pay a positive rate of interest which consequently may result in a price per share of less than $10.10 and may also result in a reduction in the amount of income available to pay taxes and other expenses.

 

The net proceeds from this offering will be deposited into a United States-based trust account maintained by Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, acting as trustee. Pursuant to the exemptions to the Investment Company Act of 1940 the trust may only invest in direct U.S. Treasury obligations having a maturity of 180 days or less, or in certain money market funds which invest only in direct U.S. Treasury obligations. U.S. Treasury obligations are not required to yield a positive rate of interest. In the event of low or no interest income, we would have reduced funds available to us to pay our tax obligations and, if applicable, dissolution expenses.

 

We may require public stockholders who wish to redeem their shares of common stock in connection with a vote of stockholders on a proposed business combination to comply with specific requirements for redemption that may make it more difficult for them to exercise their conversion rights prior to the deadline for exercising their rights.

 

In connection with any stockholder meeting called to approve a proposed initial business combination, each public stockholder will have the right, regardless of whether he or she is voting for or against such proposed business combination, to demand that we redeem his or her shares of common stock for a proportional claim to the funds then available on deposit in the trust account. We may require public stockholders seeking to redeem their shares in connection with a stockholder vote on a proposed business combination, whether they are a record holder or hold their shares in “street name,” to either tender their certificates to our transfer agent or to deliver their shares to the transfer agent electronically using Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company (Deposit/Withdrawal At Custodian) System, at the holder’s option, at least two business days on the initial business combination (a tender of shares is always required in connection with a tender offer). In order to obtain a physical stock certificate, a stockholder’s broker and/or clearing broker, Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company and our transfer agent will need to act to facilitate this request. It is our understanding that stockholders should generally allot at least two weeks to obtain physical certificates from the transfer agent. However, because we do not have any control over this process or over the brokers or Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, it may take significantly longer than two weeks to obtain a physical stock certificate. While we have been advised that it takes a reasonable amount of time to deliver shares through the Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company System, this may not be the case. Under Delaware law and our bylaws, we are required to provide at least 10 days advance notice of any stockholder meeting, which would be the minimum amount of time a public stockholder would have to determine whether to exercise conversion rights. Accordingly, if it takes longer than we anticipate for stockholders to deliver their shares, stockholders who wish to redeem may be unable to meet the deadline for exercising their conversion rights and thus may be unable to redeem their shares.

 

If we require public stockholders who wish to redeem their shares of common stock to comply with the delivery requirements discussed above for redemption, such redeeming stockholders may be unable to sell their securities when they wish to in the event that the proposed business combination is not approved.

 

If we require public stockholders who wish to redeem their shares of common stock to comply with the delivery requirements discussed above for redemption and such proposed business combination is not consummated, we will promptly return such certificates to the tendering public stockholders. Accordingly, investors who attempted to redeem their shares in such a circumstance will be unable to sell their securities after the failed business combination until we have returned their securities to them. The market price for our shares of common stock may decline during this time and you may not be able to sell your securities when you wish to, even while other stockholders that did not seek conversion may be able to sell their securities.

 

Investors may not appropriately allocate a tax basis to the components of the unit.

 

Because investors in this offering will be investing in units comprised of one share of common stock and one-tenth (1/10) of one right, investors will need to allocate a tax basis to each item in proportion to their values at the time of the investment. We are not required to provide any guidance as to the proper allocation of tax basis. Failure to properly allocate a tax basis could result in adverse tax consequences to an investor.

 

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The Excise Tax included in the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 may decrease the value of our securities following our initial business combination, hinder our ability to consummate an initial business combination, and decrease the amount of funds available for distribution in connection with a liquidation.

 

On August 16, 2022, President Biden signed into law the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022, which, among other things, imposes a 1% excise tax on the fair market value of stock repurchased by a domestic corporation beginning in 2023, with certain exceptions (the “Excise Tax”). Because we are a Delaware corporation and our securities will trade on Nasdaq following the date of this prospectus, we will be a “covered corporation” within the meaning of the Inflation Reduction Act following this offering. While not free from doubt, absent any further guidance from the U.S. Department of the Treasury (the “Treasury”), who has been given authority to provide regulations and other guidance to carry out and prevent the abuse or avoidance of the Excise Tax, the Excise Tax may apply to any redemptions of our common stock, including redemptions in connection with an initial business combination and any amendment to our certificate of incorporation to extend the time to consummate an initial business combination, or otherwise, unless an exemption is available. The Excise Tax would be payable by the Company and not by the redeeming holders. Generally, issuances of securities in connection with our initial business combination transaction (including any PIPE transaction at the time of our initial business combination), as well as any other issuances of securities not in connection with our initial business combination, would be expected to reduce the amount of the Excise Tax in connection with redemptions occurring in the same calendar year, but the number of securities redeemed may exceed the number of securities issued.

 

Whether and to what extent the Company would be subject to the Excise Tax in connection with an extension, a business combination, or otherwise will depend on a number of factors, including (i) the fair market value of the redemptions and repurchases in connection with an extension, business combination, or otherwise, (ii) the structure of a business combination, (iii) the nature and amount of any equity issuances issued within the same taxable year of any such redemptions or repurchases, and (iv) the content of regulations and other guidance from the Treasury. Finally, based on recently issued interim guidance from the Internal Revenue Service and Treasury, subject to certain exceptions, the Excise Tax should not apply in the event of our liquidation.

 

If such redemptions are subject to the Excise Tax, any stockholders that do not elect to redeem their shares in connection with the initial business combination may economically bear the impact of the Excise Tax.

 

Consequently, the value of your investment in our securities may decrease as a result of the Excise Tax. In addition, the Excise Tax may make a transaction with us less appealing to potential business combination targets, and thus, potentially hinder our ability to enter into and consummate an initial business combination. Nonetheless, we are not permitted to use the proceeds placed in the trust account and the interests earned thereon to pay any excise taxes or any other similar fees or taxes in nature that may be imposed on the Company pursuant to any current, pending or future rules or laws, including without limitation any excise tax due imposed under the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) of 2022 (H.R. 5376) on any redemptions or stock buybacks by the Company.

 

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GENERAL RISK FACTORS

 

We are a company with no operating history and no revenues, and you have no basis on which to evaluate our ability to achieve our business objective.

 

We are a company with no operating results, and we will not commence operations until obtaining funding through this offering. Because we lack an operating history, you have no basis upon which to evaluate our ability to achieve our business objective of completing our initial business combination with one or more target businesses. We have no plans, arrangements or understandings with any prospective target business concerning an initial business combination and may be unable to complete our initial business combination. If we fail to complete our initial business combination, we will never generate any operating revenues.

 

Past performance of members of our management team may not be indicative of future performance of an investment in the Company.

 

Information regarding performance by, or businesses associated with our management team is presented for informational purposes only. Any past experience and performance, is not a guarantee either (i) that we will be able to locate a suitable candidate for our initial business combination or (ii) of success with respect to any business combination we may consummate. You should not rely on the historical record or performance of our management team as indicative of the future performance of us or an investment in the Company or the returns the Company will, or is likely to, generate going forward. An investment in us is not an investment in EF Hutton or any of its affiliates.

 

Cyber incidents or attacks directed at us could result in information theft, data corruption, operational disruption and/or financial loss.

 

We depend on digital technologies, including information systems, infrastructure and cloud applications and services, including those of third parties with which we may deal. Sophisticated and deliberate attacks on, or security breaches in, our systems or infrastructure, or the systems or infrastructure of third parties or the cloud, could lead to corruption or misappropriation of our assets, proprietary information and sensitive or confidential data. As an early-stage company without significant investments in data security protection, we may not be sufficiently protected against such occurrences. We may not have sufficient resources to adequately protect against, or to investigate and remediate any vulnerability to cyber incidents. It is possible that any of these occurrences, or a combination of them, could have adverse consequences on our business and lead to financial loss.

 

Changes in laws or regulations, or a failure to comply with any laws and regulations, may adversely affect our business, investments and results of operations.

 

We are subject to laws and regulations enacted by national, state, and local governments. In particular, we will be required to comply with certain reporting rules promulgated by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission as well as other legal regimes. Compliance with, and monitoring of, applicable laws and regulations may be difficult and consume our resources. The applicable laws and the regulatory environment could change and such changes may have a detrimental effect on our results. Any failure to comply with an applicable law or regulation, as interpreted and applied, could also have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

The disclosures in this prospectus relating to the agreements among the company and management may be inaccurate if we decide to amend those agreements.

 

Although we do not at the moment plan to, we may change our agreements with management without stockholder approval. For example, restrictions on our executives relating to the voting of securities owned by them, the agreement of our management team to remain with us until the closing of a business combination, the obligation of our management team to not propose certain changes to our organizational documents or the obligation of the management team and its affiliates to not receive any compensation in connection with a business combination could be modified without obtaining stockholder approval. We will not agree to any such changes unless we believe that such changes are in the best interests of our stockholders (for example, if such a modification were necessary to complete a business combination).

 

There are risks related to the financial technology sector to which we may be subject.

 

Business combinations with companies with operations in the financial technology sector entail special considerations and risks. If we are successful in completing a business combination with a target business with operations in the financial technology sector, we will be subject to, and possibly adversely affected by, the following risks, including but not limited to:

 

if we do not develop successful new products or improve existing ones, our business will suffer;

 

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we may invest in new lines of business that could fail to attract or retain users or generate revenue;

 

we will face significant competition and if we are not able to maintain or improve our market share, our business could suffer;

 

disruption or failure of our networks, systems, platform or technology that frustrate or thwart our users’ ability to access our products and services, may cause our users, advertisers, and partners to cut back on or stop using our products and services altogether, which could seriously harm our business;

 

mobile malware, viruses, hacking and phishing attacks, spamming, and improper or illegal use of our products could seriously harm our business and reputation;

 

if we are unable to successfully grow our user base and further monetize our products, our business will suffer;

 

if we are unable to protect our intellectual property, the value of our brand and other intangible assets may be diminished, and our business may be seriously harmed;

 

we may be subject to regulatory investigations and proceedings in the future, which could cause us to incur substantial costs or require us to change our business practices in a way that could seriously harm our business; and

 

components used in our products may fail as a result of a manufacturing, design, or other defect over which we have no control, and render our devices inoperable.

 

Any of the foregoing could have an adverse impact on our operations following a business combination. However, our efforts in identifying prospective target businesses will not be limited to the financial technology sector. Accordingly, if we acquire a target business in another industry, these risks will likely not affect us and we will be subject to other risks attendant with the specific industry in which we operate or target business which we acquire, none of which can be presently ascertained.

 

We are an “emerging growth company” within the meaning of the Securities Act, and if we take advantage of certain exemptions from disclosure requirements available to emerging growth companies, this could make our securities less attractive to investors and may make it more difficult to compare our performance with other public companies.

 

We are an “emerging growth company” within the meaning of the Securities Act, as modified by the JOBS Act, and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements to hold a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. As a result, our stockholders may not have access to certain information they may deem important. We could be an emerging growth company for up to five years, although circumstances could cause us to lose that status earlier, including if the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of any June 30 before that time, in which case we would no longer be an emerging growth company as of the following December 31. We cannot predict whether investors will find our securities less attractive because we will rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our securities less attractive as a result of our reliance on these exemptions, the trading prices of our securities may be lower than they otherwise would be, there may be a less active trading market for our securities and the trading prices of our securities may be more volatile.

 

Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such an election to opt out is irrevocable. We have elected not to opt out of such extended transition period, which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, we, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of our financial statements with another public company which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

 

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We may not be able to complete an initial business combination with a U.S. target company since such initial business combination may be subject to U.S. foreign investment regulations and review by a U.S. government entity such as the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), or ultimately prohibited.

 

Certain federally licensed businesses in the United States, such as broadcasters and airlines, may be subject to rules or regulations that limit foreign ownership. In addition, CFIUS is an interagency committee authorized to review certain transactions involving foreign investment in the United States by foreign persons in order to determine the effect of such transactions on the national security of the United States. Our sponsor, Yocto Investments LLC, is currently controlled by Ms. Chen Chen, a United States’ resident who is the sole member of Yocto Investments LLC, and will own approximately 20% of our outstanding shares following this offering. Because we may be considered a “foreign person” under such rules and regulations, any proposed business combination between us and a U.S. business engaged in a regulated industry or which may affect national security could be subject to such foreign ownership restrictions and/or CFIUS review.

 

The scope of CFIUS was expanded by the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act of 2018 (“FIRRMA”) to include certain non-passive, non-controlling investments in sensitive U.S. businesses and certain acquisitions of real estate even with no underlying U.S. business. FIRRMA and subsequent implementing regulations that are now in force also subject certain categories of investments to mandatory filings. If our potential initial business combination with a U.S. business falls within the scope of foreign ownership restrictions, we may be unable to consummate a business combination with such business.

 

In addition, if our potential business combination falls within CFIUS’s jurisdiction, we may be required to make a mandatory filing, determine to submit a voluntary notice to CFIUS, or proceed with the initial business combination without notifying CFIUS and then bear the risk of CFIUS intervention, before or after closing the initial business combination. CFIUS may decide to block or delay our initial business combination, impose conditions to mitigate national security concerns with respect to such initial business combination or order us to divest all or a portion of a U.S. business of the combined company if we had proceeded without first obtaining CFIUS clearance. The foreign ownership limitations, and the potential impact of CFIUS, may limit the attractiveness of a transaction with us or prevent us from pursuing certain initial business combination opportunities that we believe would otherwise be beneficial to us and our stockholders. As a result, the pool of potential targets with which we could complete an initial business combination may be limited and we may be adversely affected in terms of competing with other special purpose acquisition companies which do not have similar foreign ownership issues.

 

Moreover, the process of government review, whether by CFIUS or otherwise, could be lengthy. Because we only have 9 months (or 15 months or up to 21 months if we extend such period as described in more detail in this prospectus) to complete our initial business combination, our failure to obtain any required approvals within the requisite time period may prevent us from completing the transaction and require us to liquidate. If we liquidate, our public stockholders may only receive $10.10 per share initially, and our rights will expire worthless. Our public stockholders may also lose the potential investment opportunity in a target company and the opportunity of realizing future gains on such investments through any price appreciation in the combined company.

 

Our stockholders may be held liable for claims by third parties against us to the extent of distributions received by them.

 

If we have not completed our initial business combination within 9 months (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) from the closing of this offering, we will (i) cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up, (ii) as promptly as reasonably possible but not more than ten business days thereafter, redeem 100% of the outstanding public shares for a pro rata portion of the funds held and available in the trust account (net of interest used to pay taxes) which redemption will completely extinguish public stockholders’ rights as stockholders (including the right to receive further liquidation distributions, if any), subject to applicable law, and (iii) as promptly as reasonably possible following such redemption, subject to the approval of our remaining holders of common stock and our board of directors, dissolve and liquidate, subject (in the case of (ii) and (iii) above) to our obligations under Delaware law to provide for claims of creditors and the requirements of other applicable law.

 

We may not properly assess all claims that may be potentially brought against us. As such, our stockholders could potentially be liable for any claims to the extent of distributions received by them (but not more) and any liability of our stockholders may extend well beyond the third anniversary of the date of distribution. Accordingly, third parties may seek to recover from our stockholders amounts owed to them by us.

 

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Under the DGCL, stockholders may be held liable for claims by third parties against a corporation to the extent of distributions received by them in a dissolution.

 

The pro-rata portion of our trust account distributed to our public stockholders upon the redemption of their shares of common stock in the event we do not complete our initial business combination within 9 months post-effectiveness of the registration statement of the securities described herein (or up to 15 or 21 months, as applicable) may be considered a liquidating distribution under Delaware law. If a corporation complies with certain procedures set forth in Section 280 of the DGCL intended to ensure that it makes reasonable provision for all claims against it, including a 60-day notice period during which any third-party claims can be brought against the corporation, a 90-day period during which the corporation may reject any claims brought, and an additional 150-day waiting period before any liquidating distributions are made to stockholders, any liability of stockholders with respect to a liquidating distribution is limited to the lesser of such stockholder’s pro-rata share of the claim or the amount distributed to the stockholder, and any liability of the stockholder would be barred with respect to any claim commenced after the third anniversary of the dissolution. However, we intend to redeem the shares of our common stock issued in this offering as soon as reasonably possible following the 12th month (or 15th or 18th in the case of an election of one or more extensions) from the closing of this offering in the event we do not complete our initial business combination and, therefore, we do not intend to comply with the foregoing procedures. Because we will not be complying with Section 280 of the DGCL, Section 281(b) of the DGCL requires us to adopt a plan, based on facts known to us at such time that will provide for our payment of all existing and pending claims or claims that potentially may be brought against us within the 10 years following our dissolution. However, because we are a blank check company, rather than an operating company, and our operations will be limited to searching for prospective target businesses to acquire, the only likely claims to arise would be from our vendors (such as lawyers, investment bankers, etc.) or prospective target businesses. If our plan of distribution complies with Section 281(b) of the DGCL, any liability of stockholders with respect to a liquidating distribution is limited to the lesser of such stockholder’s pro-rata share of the claim or the amount distributed to the stockholder, and any liability of the stockholder would likely be barred with respect to any claim commenced after the third anniversary of the dissolution. We cannot assure you that we will properly assess all claims that may be potentially brought against us. As such, our stockholders could potentially be liable for any claims to the extent of distributions received by them (but no more) and any liability of our stockholders may extend beyond the third anniversary of such date. Furthermore, if the pro-rata portion of our trust account distributed to our public stockholders upon the redemption of the shares of our common stock issued in this offering in the event we do not complete our initial business combination within prescribed periods post-effectiveness of the registration statement of the securities described herein is not considered a liquidating distribution under Delaware law and such redemption distribution is deemed to be unlawful (potentially due to the imposition of legal proceedings that a party may bring or due to other circumstances that are currently unknown), then pursuant to Section 174 of the DGCL, the statute of limitations for claims of creditors could then be six years after the unlawful redemption distribution, instead of three years, as in the case of a liquidating distribution. Unlike in the case of claims against stockholders relating to an unlawful liquidating distribution, however, stockholders are only liable for an unlawful redemption distribution if they knew that the redemption was unlawful.

 

Certain agreements related to this offering may be amended without stockholder approval.

 

Each of the agreements related to this offering to which we are or will be a party upon the closing of this offering may be amended without stockholder approval. Such agreements include the underwriting agreement; the letter agreement among us and our Sponsor, officers, and directors; the promissory note between us and our Sponsor; and the investment management trust agreement. These agreements contain various provisions that our public stockholders might deem to be material. For example, certain of these agreements contain certain lock-up and transfer restriction provisions with respect to the common stock, Sponsor securities, any shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise or conversion thereof, and certain other securities held by our Sponsor, officers, and directors. Amendments to such agreements would require the consent of the applicable parties thereto and would need to be approved by our board of directors, which may do so for a variety of reasons, including to facilitate our initial business combination. While we do not expect our board of directors to approve any amendment to any of these agreements prior to our initial business combination, it may be possible that our board of directors, in exercising its business judgment and subject to its fiduciary duties, chooses to approve one or more amendments to any such agreement. Any amendment entered into in connection with the consummation of our initial business combination will be disclosed in our proxy solicitation or tender offer materials, as applicable, related to such initial business combination, and any other material amendment to any of our material agreements will be disclosed in a filing with the SEC. Any such amendments would not require approval from our stockholders, may result in the completion of our initial business combination that may not otherwise have been possible, and may have an adverse effect on the value of an investment in our securities. For example, amendments to the lock-up provision discussed above may result in our certain stockholders selling their securities earlier than they would otherwise be permitted, which may have an adverse effect on the price of our securities.

 

This disclosure relates to the anticipated trust agreement. Although we have not yet entered into an agreement. Therefore, the terms herein discussed and relating thereto concern only what we reasonably anticipate as a result of our ongoing discussions and market practice.

 

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V. Risks Associated with Acquiring and Operating a Business outside of the United States

 

We may effect our initial business combination with a company located outside of the United States.

 

If we effect our initial business combination with a company located outside of the United States, we would be subject to any special considerations or risks associated with companies operating in the target business’ home jurisdiction, including any of the following:

 

rules and regulations or currency redemption or corporate withholding taxes on individuals;

 

laws governing the manner in which future business combinations may be effected;

 

exchange listing and/or delisting requirements;

 

tariffs and trade barriers;

 

regulations related to customs and import/export matters;

 

longer payment cycles;

 

tax issues, such as tax law changes and variations in tax laws as compared to the United States;

 

currency fluctuations and exchange controls;

 

rates of inflation;

 

challenges in collecting accounts receivable;

 

cultural and language differences;

 

employment regulations;

 

crime, strikes, riots, civil disturbances, terrorist attacks and wars; and

 

deterioration of political relations with the United States. We may not be able to adequately address these additional risks. If we were unable to do so, our operations might suffer.

 

There are costs and difficulties inherent in managing cross-border business operations.

 

Managing a business, operations, personnel or assets in another country is challenging and costly. Any management that we may have (whether based abroad or in the United States) may be inexperienced in cross-border business practices and unaware of significant differences in accounting rules, legal regimes and labor practices. Even with a seasoned and experienced management team, the costs and difficulties inherent in managing cross-border business operations, personnel and assets can be significant (and much higher than in a purely domestic business) and may negatively impact our financial and operational performance.

 

Social unrest, acts of terrorism, regime changes, changes in laws and regulations, political upheaval, or policy changes or enactments may occur in a country in which we may operate after we effect our initial business combination.

 

Political events in another country may significantly affect our business, assets or operations. Social unrest, acts of terrorism, regime changes, changes in laws and regulations, political upheaval, and policy changes or enactments could negatively impact our business in a particular country.

 

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Many countries have difficult and unpredictable legal systems and underdeveloped laws and regulations that are unclear and subject to corruption and inexperience.

 

Our ability to seek and enforce legal protections, including with respect to intellectual property and other property rights, or to defend ourselves with regard to legal actions taken against us in a given country, may be difficult or impossible, which could adversely impact our operations, assets or financial condition.

 

Rules and regulations in many countries are often ambiguous or open to differing interpretation by responsible individuals and agencies at the municipal, state, regional and federal levels. The attitudes and actions of such individuals and agencies are often difficult to predict and inconsistent.

 

Delay with respect to the enforcement of particular rules and regulations, including those relating to customs, tax, environmental and labor, could cause serious disruption to operations abroad and negatively impact our results.

 

If relations between the United States and foreign governments deteriorate, it could cause potential target businesses or their goods and services to become less attractive.

 

The relationship between the United States and foreign governments could be subject to sudden fluctuation and periodic tension. For instance, the United States may announce its intention to impose quotas on certain imports. Such import quotas may adversely affect political relations between the two countries and result in retaliatory countermeasures by the foreign government in industries that may affect our ultimate target business. Changes in political conditions in foreign countries and changes in the state of U.S. relations with such countries are difficult to predict and could adversely affect our operations or cause potential target businesses or their goods and services to become less attractive. Because we are not limited to any specific industry, there is no basis for investors in this offering to evaluate the possible extent of any impact on our ultimate operations if relations are strained between the United States and a foreign country in which we acquire a target business or move our principal manufacturing or service operations.

 

If our management following our initial business combination is unfamiliar with United States securities laws, they may have to expend time and resources becoming familiar with such laws.

 

Following our initial business combination, our management may resign from their positions as officers or directors of the company and the management of the target business at the time of the business combination will remain in place. Management of the target business may not be familiar with United States securities laws. If new management is unfamiliar with our laws, they may have to expend time and resources becoming familiar with such laws. This could be expensive and time-consuming and could lead to various regulatory issues, which may adversely affect our operations.

 

Currency policies may cause a target business’ ability to succeed in the international markets to be diminished.

 

In the event we acquire a non-U.S. target, all revenues and income would likely be received in a foreign currency, the dollar equivalent of our net assets and distributions, if any, could be adversely affected by reductions in the value of the local currency. The value of the currencies in our target regions fluctuate and are affected by, among other things, changes in political and economic conditions. Any change in the relative value of such currency against our reporting currency may affect the attractiveness of any target business or, following consummation of our initial business combination, our financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, if a currency appreciates in value against the dollar prior to the consummation of our initial business combination, the cost of a target business as measured in dollars will increase, which may make it less likely that we are able to consummate such transaction.

 

Because foreign law could govern our material agreements, we may not be able to enforce our rights within such jurisdiction or elsewhere.

 

Foreign law could govern our material agreements. The target business may not be able to enforce any of its material agreements or that remedies will be available outside of such foreign jurisdiction’s legal system. The system of laws and the enforcement of existing laws and contracts in such jurisdiction may not be as certain in implementation and interpretation as in the United States. The judiciaries in certain foreign countries may be relatively inexperienced in enforcing corporate and commercial law, leading to a higher than usual degree of uncertainty as to the outcome of any litigation, any such jurisdictions may not favor outsiders or could be corrupt. As a result, the inability to enforce or obtain a remedy under any of our future agreements could result in a significant loss of business and business opportunities.

 

71

 

U.S. laws and regulations, including the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, may restrict or eliminate our ability to complete a business combination with certain companies.

 

Future developments in U.S. laws may restrict our ability or willingness to complete certain business combinations with companies. For instance, the recently enacted Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act (the “HFCAA”) would restrict our ability to consummate a business combination with a target business unless that business met certain standards of the PCAOB and would require delisting of a company from U.S. national securities exchanges if the PCAOB is unable to inspect its public accounting firm for three consecutive years. The HFCAA also requires public companies to disclose, among other things, whether they are owned or controlled by a foreign government. We may not be able to consummate a business combination with a favored target business due to these laws.

 

The documentation we may be required to submit to the SEC proving certain beneficial ownership requirements and establishing that we are not owned or controlled by a foreign government in the event that we use a foreign public accounting firm not subject to inspection by the PCAOB or where the PCAOB is unable to completely inspect or investigate our accounting practices or financial statements because of a position taken by an authority in the foreign jurisdiction could be onerous and time consuming to prepare. HFCAA mandates the SEC to identify issuers of SEC-registered securities whose audited financial reports are prepared by an accounting firm that the PCAOB is unable to inspect due to restrictions imposed by an authority in the foreign jurisdiction where the audits are performed. If such identified issuer’s auditor cannot be inspected by the PCAOB for three consecutive years, the trading of such issuer’s securities on any U.S. national securities exchanges, as well as any over-the-counter trading in the U.S., will be prohibited.

 

On March 24, 2021, the SEC adopted interim final rules relating to the implementation of certain disclosure and documentation requirements of the HFCAA. An identified issuer will be required to comply with these rules if the SEC identifies it as having a “non-inspection” year under a process to be subsequently established by the SEC. The SEC is assessing how to implement other requirements of the HFCAA, including the listing and trading prohibition requirements described above. Future developments with respect to increased U.S. regulatory access to audit information are uncertain, as the legislative developments are subject to the legislative process and the regulatory developments are subject to the rule-making process and other administrative procedures.

 

In the event that we complete a business combination with a company with substantial operations outside of the United States and any of the legislative actions or regulatory changes discussed above were to proceed in ways that are detrimental to issuers based in such country, it could cause us to fail to be in compliance with U.S. securities laws and regulations, we could cease to be listed on a U.S. securities exchange, and U.S. trading of our shares could be prohibited. Any of these actions, or uncertainties in the market about the possibility of such actions, could adversely affect our prospects to successfully complete a business combination with a non-U.S. company, our access to the U.S. capital markets and the price of our shares.

 

72

 

USE OF PROCEEDS

 

We estimate that the net proceeds of this offering, in addition to the funds we will receive from the sale of the private units, will be used as set forth in the following table:

 

    Without
Over-Allotment
Option
    Over-Allotment
Option
Exercised
 
Gross proceeds                
From offering   $ 60,000,000     $ 69,000,000  
From sale of units via private placement   $ 2,350,450     $ 2,530,450  
Total gross proceeds   $ 62,350,450     $ 71,530,450  
Offering expenses(1)                
Non-contingent underwriting discounts (2% of gross proceeds from offering)   $ 1,200,000 (2)    $ 1,380,000 (2) 
Initial trustee fees   $ 6,500     $ 6,500  
Legal fees and expenses   $ 200,000     $ 200,000  
Nasdaq listing fee   $ 55,000     $ 55,000  
Printing and engraving expenses   $ 30,000     $ 30,000  
Accounting fees and expenses   $ 50,000     $ 50,000  
SEC & FINRA registration fees   $ 20,430     $ 20,430  
D&O Insurance Premiums(3)   $ 150,000     $ 150,000  
Expense Advancement to EF Hutton   $ 130,000     $ 130,000  
Miscellaneous expenses   $ 163,520     $ 163,520  
Reimbursement of offering expenses by the underwriter(4)   $ (600,000 )    $ (690,000 )
Total offering expenses (including non-contingent underwriting discounts)   $ 1,405,450     $ 1,495,450  
                 
Held in the trust account   $ 60,600,000     $ 69,690,000  
Not held in the trust account(5)   $ 345,000     $ 345,000  

 

    Amount     %
of Total
 
Legal, accounting and other third-party expenses attendant to the search for target businesses and to the due diligence investigation, structuring and negotiation of our initial business combination   $ 100,000       28.99 %
Legal and accounting fees relating to SEC reporting obligations   $ 50,000       14.49 %
Due diligence, identification and research of prospective target business and reimbursement of out of pocket due diligence expenses to management   $ 50,000       14.49 %
Payment of administrative fee to the Sponsor ($10,000 per month for 9 months), subject to deferral as described herein   $ 90,000       26.09 %
Working capital and reserves (including finders’ fees, consulting fees or other similar compensation, potential deposits, down payments in connection with a business combination and liquidation obligations and reserves, if any)   $ 55,000       15.94 %
Total   $ 345,000       100.00 %

 

 
(1) This does not include the deferred underwriting discounts payable in cash to EF Hutton, division of Benchmark Investments, LLC (“EF Hutton”), in an amount equal to 3.5% of the total gross proceeds raised in the offering ($2,100,000, or $2,415,000 if the underwriter’s over-allotment option is exercised in full). The underwriter will also be entitled to 1% of the gross proceeds of this offering as underwriting discounts and commissions in the form of our shares at a price of $10.00 per share, which will equal 60,000 shares (or 69,000 shares if the underwriter’s overallotment option is exercised in full) (the “Representative Shares”), to be issued at closing of this offering.
(2) This represents the estimated costs and the discounts, but does not include the deferred underwriting discounts of 3.5%.
(3) The D&O insurance market has recently undergone significant changes in pricing as a result of increased demand for D&O coverage for special purpose acquisition corporations. As a result, although we intend to provide coverage for our directors and officers, we cannot precisely estimate the amount until such time as our registration statement is public.
(4) The underwriters have agreed to reimburse certain of our expenses in connection with this offering, not to exceed $600,000 (or $690,000 if the underwriters' over-allotment option is exercised in full).
(5) These expenses are estimates only. Our actual expenditures for some or all of these items may differ from the estimates set forth herein. For example, we may incur greater legal and accounting expenses than our current estimates in connection with negotiating and structuring our initial business combination based upon the level of complexity of that business combination. We do not anticipate any change in the categories of our intended use of proceeds.

 

73

 

The Sponsor has committed to purchase 235,045 units from us (the private units) for $2,350,450 (or $2,530,450 if the over-allotment option is exercised in full) by way of one or more private placements contemporaneous to the consummation of this initial public offering. All of the proceeds we receive from these purchases will be placed in the trust account described below. We are not permitted to use the proceeds placed in the trust account and the interests earned thereon to pay any excise taxes or any other similar fees or taxes in nature that may be imposed on the Company pursuant to any current, pending or future rules or laws, including without limitation any excise tax due imposed under the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) of 2022 (H.R. 5376) on any redemptions or stock buybacks by the Company.

 

$60,600,000, or $69,690,000 if the over-allotment option is exercised in full, of net proceeds of this offering and the sale of the private units will be deposited into a United States-based trust account maintained by Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, acting as trustee. The funds held in the trust account will be invested only in United States government treasury bills, bonds, or notes having a maturity of 185 days or less, or in money market funds meeting the applicable conditions under Rule 2a-7 promulgated under the Investment Company Act of 1940 and that invest solely in U.S. treasuries, so that we are not deemed to be an investment company under the Investment Company Act. Except with respect to interest earned on the funds held in the trust account that may be released to us to pay our tax obligations, the proceeds will not be released from the trust account until the earlier of the completion of our initial business combination or our redemption of public shares in connection with a business combination or a stockholder vote to amend our certificate of incorporation. The proceeds held in the trust account may be used as consideration to pay the sellers of a target business with which we complete our initial business combination to the extent not used to satisfy stockholder redemption requests. Any amounts not paid as consideration to the sellers of the target business may be used to finance operations of the acquired business.

 

No compensation of any kind (including finder’s fees, consulting fees, or other similar compensation) will be paid to our insiders, members of our management team, or any of our or their respective affiliates, for services rendered to us prior to or in connection with the consummation of our initial business combination (regardless of the type or form of transaction). However, we will pay to our Sponsor certain reimbursement of up to $10,000 per month up to the closing of our initial business combination for any out-of-pocket expenses incurred by it in connection with activities on our behalf, such as identifying potential target businesses, performing business due diligence on suitable target businesses and business combinations, as well as traveling to and from the offices, plants, or similar locations of prospective target businesses to examine their operations; provided, however, that subject to available funds, the Sponsor loan in the amount of $300,000 may be repaid and, any other funds that may be lent to the company in furtherance of its pursuit, initiation, and completion of its initial business combination may be repaid at any time, available funds permitting. Since the role of present management after our initial business combination is uncertain, we have no ability to determine what remuneration, if any, will be paid to those persons after our initial business combination.

 

The net proceeds from this offering and the private sale of units to the Sponsor that will be available to us out of trust for our working capital requirements in searching for our initial business combination will be approximately $345,000. This is in addition to the $300,000 loan made to us by our Sponsor per certain promissory note dated May 21, 2023. The allocation of the net proceeds available to us outside of the trust account represents our best estimate of the intended uses of these funds. In the event that our assumptions prove to be inaccurate, we may reallocate some of such proceeds within the above-described categories. If our estimate of the costs of undertaking due diligence and negotiating our initial business combination is less than the actual amount necessary to do so, we may be required to raise additional capital, the amount, availability, and cost of which is currently unascertainable. In this event, we could seek such additional capital through loans or additional investments from our insiders, members of our management team, or third parties, but our insiders, members of our management team, or third parties are not under any obligation to advance funds, or to invest in, us.

 

We will likely use substantially all of the net proceeds of this offering, including the funds held in the trust account, in connection with our initial business combination and to pay our expenses relating thereto, including the deferred underwriting commission payable to EF Hutton in an amount equal to 3.5% of the total gross proceeds raised in the offering upon consummation of our initial business combination. To the extent that our capital stock is used in whole or in part as consideration for our initial business combination, the proceeds held in the trust account which are not used to consummate a business combination will be disbursed to the combined company and will, along with any other net proceeds not expended, be used as working capital to finance the operations of the target business. Such working capital funds could be used in a variety of ways, including continuing or expanding the target business’s operations, for strategic acquisitions and for marketing, research, and development of existing or new products.

 

To the extent we are unable to consummate a business combination, we will pay the costs of liquidation from our remaining assets outside of the trust account.

 

74

 

We believe that, upon consummation of this offering, we will have sufficient available funds to operate for the next 9 months. However, if necessary, in order to meet our working capital needs following the consummation of this offering, our insiders may, but are not obligated to, loan us funds, from time to time or at any time, in whatever amount they deem reasonable in their sole discretion. Each loan would be evidenced by a promissory note. The notes would either be paid upon consummation of our initial business combination, without interest, or if we do not complete a business combination, any loans and advances from our insiders or their affiliates, will be repaid only from amounts remaining outside our trust account, if any.

 

A public stockholder will be entitled to receive funds from the trust account only in the event of (1) our redemption of 100% of the outstanding public shares if we have not completed a business combination in the required time period, (2) if that public stockholder elects to redeem public shares in connection with a stockholder vote or (3) if that public stockholder sells shares to us in any tender offer in connection with a proposed business combination. In no other circumstances will a public stockholder have any right or interest of any kind to or in the trust account.

 

75

 

DIVIDEND POLICY

 

We have not paid any cash dividends on our shares of common stock to date and do not intend to pay cash dividends prior to the completion of our initial business combination. The payment of cash dividends subsequent to the completion of our initial business combination will be dependent upon our revenues and earnings, if any, capital requirements, and general financial condition subsequent to completion of our initial business combination. The payment of any dividends subsequent to our initial business combination will be within the discretion of our board of directors at such time. It is the present intention of our board of directors to retain all earnings, if any, for use in our business operations and, accordingly, our board of directors does not anticipate declaring any dividends in the foreseeable future. In addition, our board of directors is not currently contemplating and does not anticipate declaring any stock dividends in the foreseeable future, except if we increase the size of the offering, including pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, in which case we will effect a stock dividend immediately prior to the consummation of the offering in such amount as to maintain our insiders’ ownership as measured by the amount of founder shares at an aggregate amount that shall be representative of approximately 20% of our issued and outstanding shares of our publicly offered common stock at the time of the initial public offering (assuming our insiders do not purchase units in this offering and not accounting for the sale of the private units). Further, if we incur any indebtedness in connection with our initial business combination, our ability to declare dividends may be limited by restrictive covenants that we may agree to in connection therewith.

 

76

 

DILUTION

 

The difference between the public offering price per share and the pro forma net tangible book value per share after this offering constitutes the dilution to investors in this offering. Net tangible book value per share is determined by dividing our net tangible book value, which is our total tangible assets less total liabilities (including the value of shares of common stock which may be converted into cash), by the number of outstanding shares of common stock.

 

At May 31, 2023, our net tangible book value was a deficit of $70,300, or approximately $(0.05) per share assuming the underwriters do not exercise any portion of the over-allotment option and the forfeiture of 225,000 insider shares. For purposes of the dilution calculation, in order to present the maximum estimated dilution as a result of this offering, we have assumed (i) the issuance of one-tenth (1/10) of a right denominated in one share of our common stock, as such issuance will occur upon a business combination without the payment of additional consideration and (ii) the number of shares included in the units offered hereby will be deemed to be 6,600,000 (consisting of 6,000,000 shares included in the units we are offering by this prospectus and 600,000 shares for the outstanding rights), and the price per share in this offering will be deemed to be $9.09. After giving effect to the sale of 6,600,000 shares of common stock included in the units we are offering by this prospectus, the deduction of underwriting discounts and over-allotment liability, estimated expenses of this offering, the sale of 258,550 shares of common stock included in the private units, and 60,000 representative shares, our pro forma net tangible book value on May 31, 2023 would have been $(3,001,101) or $(1.24) per share, representing an immediate decrease in net tangible book value of $(1.19) per share to the insiders and an immediate dilution of 113.6% or $10.33 per share to new investors not exercising their redemption/tender rights. For purposes of presentation, our pro forma net tangible book value after this offering is $60,600,000 less than it otherwise would have been because if we effect a business combination, the ability of public stockholders to exercise redemption rights or sell their shares to us in any tender offer may result in the redemption or tender of up to 6,000,000 shares sold in this offering.

 

The following table illustrates the dilution to the new investors on a per-share basis:

 

    Without
Over-Allotment
    With
Over-Allotment
 
Public offering price           $ 9.09             $ 9.09  
Net tangible book value before this offering   $ (0.05 )           $ (0.04 )        
Decrease attributable to new investors and private sales     (1.19 )             (1.20 )        
Pro forma net tangible book value after this offering             (1.24 )             (1.24 )
Dilution to new investors           $ 10.33             $ 10.33  
Percentage of dilution to new investors             113.6 %             113.6 %

 

The following table sets forth information with respect to our insiders and the new investors:

 

    Shares Purchased     Total Consideration     Average Price  
    Number     Percentage     Amount     Percentage     Per Share  
Insiders(1)     1,500,000       17.82 %   $ 25,000       0.04 %   $ 0.02  
Shares underlying private unit(2)     258,550       3.07 %     2,350,450       3.77 %   $ 9.09  
Representative shares     60,000       0.71 %     -       -     $ -  
New investors(3)     6,600,000       78.40 %     60,000,000       96.19 %   $ 9.09  
      8,418,550       100 %   $ 62,375,450       100 %        

 

 

(1) Assumes the over-allotment option has not been exercised and an aggregate of 225,000 insider shares held by our insiders have been forfeited as a result thereof.
(2) Assumes the issuance of an additional 23,505 private shares (25,305 shares if over-allotment option is exercised) underlying the private rights.
(3) Assumes the issuance of an additional 600,000 public shares (690,000 shares if over-allotment option is exercised) underlying the public rights.

 

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The pro forma net tangible book value per share after the offering is calculated as follows:

 

   Without
over-allotment
   With full
over-allotment
 
Numerator:          
Net tangible book value before the offering  $(70,300)  $(70,300)
Offering costs paid in advance   95,300    95,300 
Net proceeds from this offering and private placement of private units   59,745,000    68,655,000 
Less: Deferred underwriting discounts and commissions(2)   (2,100,000)   (2,415,000)
Less: Over-allotment liability   (71,101)   - 
Less: Proceeds held in trust subject to redemption/tender   (60,600,000)   (69,690,000)
   $(3,001,101)  $(3,425,000)
Denominator          
Shares of common stock outstanding prior to this offering   1,500,000(1)    1,725,000 
Shares of common stock to be sold in this offering   6,000,000    6,900,000 
Shares of common stock to be sold in private placement   235,045    253,045 
Shares of common stock underlying the rights to be sold in this offering   600,000    690,000 
Shares of common stock underlying the rights to be sold in private placement   23,505    25,305 
Representative shares   60,000    69,000 
Less: Shares subject to redemption/tender   (6,000,000)   (6,900,000)
    2,418,550    2,762,350 

 

 
(1) Assumes the over-allotment option has not been exercised and an aggregate of 225,000 shares of common stock held by our insiders have been forfeited by us as a result thereof.
(2) Deferred underwriting discounts and commission of 3.5%.

 

78

 

CAPITALIZATION

 

The following table sets forth our capitalization at May 31, 2023 and as adjusted to give effect to the sale of our units offered by this prospectus and the private units and the application of the estimated net proceeds derived from the sale of such securities:

 

   As of
May 31,
2023
 
   Actual   As Adjusted(1) 
Promissory note – related party(2)  $300,000   $- 
Deferred underwriting discounts and commissions payable   -    2,100,000 
Over-allotment liability   -    71,101 
Accrued offering expenses   85,000    - 
Shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, none and 6,000,000 shares are subject to possible redemption/tender, respectively(3)   -    60,600,000 
Shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized(4), 1,725,000 shares issued and outstanding, actual; 20,000,000 shares authorized, 1,795,045 shares issued and outstanding(5) (excluding 6,000,000 shares subject to possible redemption/tender), as adjusted   172    180 
Additional paid in capital   24,828    - 
Accumulated deficit   -    (1,801,281)
Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)   25,000    (1,801,101)
Total capitalization(6)  $410,000   $60,970,000 

 

 
(1) Includes the $2,350,450 in aggregate we will receive from the sale of the private units.
(2)As of May 31, 2023, our sponsor loaned to us an aggregate of $300,000 which was used to pay formation and a portion of the expenses of this offering. The loan is payable without interest and due after the day on which the Company closes the initial Business Combination.
(3)Represents net of proceeds allocated to the public common stock less the allocated transaction costs related to this offering. The shares of public common stock contain redemption rights that make them redeemable by our public stockholders. Accordingly, they are classified within temporary equity in accordance with the guidance provided in ASC 480-10-S99-3A and will be subsequently accredited at redemption value.
(4)Represents the number of shares to be authorized upon the effectiveness of this prospectus.
(5)Assumes the over-allotment option has not been exercised and an aggregate of 225,000 insider shares have been forfeited by our insiders as a result thereof. Includes 235,045 shares underlying the private units purchased by the Sponsor concurrent with this offering.
(6)Derived by adding deferred underwriting discounts and commissions payable, total stockholders’ equity and the value of shares of common stock subject to possible conversion.

 

79

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

We were formed on May 1, 2023 for the purpose of entering into a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or other similar business combination with one or more target businesses. Our efforts to identify a prospective target business will not be limited to a particular industry or geographic region, although the company intends to prioritize the evaluation of businesses in Asia (excluding China, Hong Kong and Macau) that operate in the financial technology sector. We intend to utilize cash derived from the proceeds of this offering and the private placement of the private units, our securities, debt or a combination of cash, securities and debt, in effecting our initial business combination. The issuance of additional shares of common stock or preferred stock in our initial business combination:

 

may significantly dilute the equity interest of our investors in this offering who may not have pre-emption rights in respect of any such issuance;

 

may subordinate the rights of holders of shares of common stock if we issue shares of preferred stock with rights senior to those afforded to our shares of common stock;

 

will likely cause a change in control if a substantial number of our shares of common stock are issued, which may affect, among other things, our ability to use our net operating loss carry forwards, if any, and most likely will also result in the resignation or removal of our present officers and directors; and

 

may adversely affect prevailing market prices for our securities.

 

Similarly, if we issue debt securities, it could result in:

 

default and foreclosure if after, our initial business combination, our operating revenues are insufficient to pay our debt obligations;

 

acceleration of our obligations to repay the indebtedness even if we have made all principal and interest payments when due if the debt security contains covenants that require the maintenance of certain financial ratios or reserves and we breach any such covenant without a waiver or renegotiation of that covenant;

 

our immediate payment of all principal and accrued interest, if any, if the debt security is payable on demand;

 

our inability to obtain additional financing, if necessary, if the debt security contains covenants restricting our ability to obtain additional financing while such security is outstanding; and

 

limitations on our ability to borrow additional amounts for expenses, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements, execution of our strategy and other purposes and other disadvantages compared to our competitors who have less debt.

 

We have neither engaged in any operations nor generated any revenues to date. Our entire activity since inception has been preparing for our proposed offering of our securities.

 

Results of Operations and Known Trends or Future Events

 

We have neither engaged in any operations nor generated any revenues to date. Our only activities since inception have been organizational activities and those necessary to prepare for this offering. Following this offering, we will not generate any operating revenues until after completion of our initial business combination. We will generate non-operating income in the form of interest income on cash and cash equivalents after this offering. There has been no significant change in our financial or trading position and no material adverse change has occurred since the date of our audited financial statements. After this offering, we expect to incur increased expenses as a result of being a public company (for legal, financial reporting, accounting and auditing compliance), as well as for due diligence expenses. We expect our expenses to increase substantially after the closing of this offering.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As indicated in the accompanying financial statements, as of May 31, 2023, we had $314,700 in cash and a working capital deficit (current assets less current liabilities, excluding deferred offering costs) of $70,300. Further, we have incurred and expect to continue to incur significant costs in pursuit of our financing and acquisition plans. Management plans to address this uncertainty through this offering, although we cannot assure you that our plans to raise capital or to consummate an initial business combination will be successful. These factors, among others, raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

Our liquidity needs have been satisfied to date through receipt of approximately $25,000 from the sale of the founder shares and a $300,000 loan from our Sponsor backed by a promissory note dated May 21, 2023. We estimate that the net proceeds from (1) the sale of the shares in this offering, after deducting estimated offering expenses of approximately $805,450 and underwriting discounts payable in cash of $2,100,000 (or $2,415,000 if the over-allotment option is exercised in full) and (2) the sale of the private units for a purchase price of $2,350,450 (or $2,530,450 if the over-allotment option is exercised in full), will be $58,500,000 (or $67,275,000 if the over-allotment option is exercised in full). We will allocate 101% of the value of the publicly offered shares to the trust account. The balance will be held outside of trust for our use in funding our search process, estimated to be approximately $345,000.

 

We intend to use substantially all of the net proceeds of this offering, including the funds held in the trust account, in connection with our initial business combination and to pay our expenses relating thereto, including a deferred underwriting commission payable to the underwriters in an amount equal to 3.5% of the total gross proceeds raised in the offering upon consummation of our initial business combination. To the extent that our capital stock is used in whole or in part as consideration to effect our initial business combination, the remaining proceeds held in the trust account as well as any other net proceeds not expended will be used as working capital to finance the operations of the target business. Such working capital funds could be used in a variety of ways including the: continuation or expansion of the operations of the target business; strategic acquisitions and marketing; and, research and development of existing or new products. Such funds can also be used to repay any operating expenses or finders’ fees which we might incur prior to the consummation of our initial business combination if the funds available to us outside of the trust account are insufficient to cover such expenses.

 

We believe that, upon the consummation of this offering, the allocation of $345,000 to our working capital accounts will be sufficient to allow us to operate for at least the next 9 months, assuming that a business combination is not consummated during that time. Over this time period, we will use these funds for identifying and evaluating prospective business combination candidates; performing due diligence of prospective target businesses; traveling to and from the offices, plants, or similar locations of prospective target businesses; reviewing corporate documents and material agreements of prospective target businesses; and, selecting the target business to consummate our initial business combination with as well as the structuring, negotiation and consummation of the business combination. We anticipate that we will incur approximately:

 

$100,000 of legal, accounting and other expenses attendant to the structuring and negotiation of a business combination;

 

$50,000 of third party expenses related to the search for target businesses and the due diligence investigation, structuring and negotiation of our initial business combination;

 

$50,000 of legal and accounting fees related to SEC reporting obligations;

 

$90,000 for the payment of the administrative fee to our sponsor (of $10,000 per month for 9 months), subject to deferral as described herein; and

 

$55,000 as working capital and reserves (including finders' fees, consulting fees or other similar compensation, potential deposits, down payments in connection with our initial business combination and liquidation obligations and reserves, if any).

 

If our estimates of the costs of undertaking due diligence and negotiating our initial business combination are less than the actual amount necessary to do so, we may have insufficient funds available to operate our business prior to our initial business combination. Moreover, we may need to obtain additional financing either to consummate our initial business combination or because we become obligated to redeem a significant number of our public shares upon consummation of our initial business combination, in which case we may issue additional securities or incur debt in connection with such business combination. Subject to compliance with applicable securities laws, we would only consummate such financing simultaneously with the consummation of our initial business combination; provided, however, that our insiders may, but are not obligated to, lend us funds as needed. Following our initial business combination, if our available cash is insufficient, we may need to obtain additional financing in order to meet our obligations.

 

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Related Party Transactions

 

In connection with this initial public offering, our Sponsor will purchase up to 235,045 private placement units for an aggregate purchase price of $2,350,450.

 

On May 17, 2023, in exchange for an aggregate purchase price of $25,000, our Sponsor purchased 1,725,000 shares of our common stock (225,000 of which are subject to forfeiture).

 

We do not believe that we will need to raise additional funds following this offering in order to meet the expenditures required for operating our business. However, in order to finance transaction costs in connection with an intended initial business combination, our insiders or their affiliates may, but are not obligated to, loan us funds as may be required. In the event that the initial business combination does not close, we may use a portion of the working capital held outside the trust account to repay such loaned amounts, but none of the proceeds held in our trust account would be used for such repayment. Such loans would be evidenced by promissory notes. The notes would either be paid upon consummation of our initial business combination, without interest, or prior thereto, subject to available funds. If we do not complete an initial business combination, any other outstanding loans from our insiders or their affiliates will be repaid only from that capital held that is not held in our trust account, if any.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

We are not currently required to maintain an effective system of internal control as defined by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. We will be required to comply with the internal control requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023. Only in the event that we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer or an accelerated filer and no longer an emerging growth company as defined in the JOBS Act would we be required to comply with the independent registered public accounting firm attestation requirements. Further, for as long as we remain an emerging growth company, we intend to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the registered public accounting firm attestation requirement.

 

As of the date of this prospectus, we have not completed an assessment, nor has our independent registered public accounting firm tested our systems of internal control. We expect to assess the internal control of our target business or businesses prior to the completion of our initial business combination and, if necessary, to implement and test additional controls as we may determine are necessary in order to state that we maintain an effective system of internal control. A target business may not be in compliance with the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act regarding the adequacy of internal control. Target businesses we may consider for our initial business combination may have internal controls that need improvement in areas such as:

 

staffing for financial, accounting, and external reporting areas, including segregation of duties;

 

reconciliation of accounts;

 

proper recording of expenses and liabilities in the period to which they relate;

 

evidence of internal review and approval of accounting transactions;

 

documentation of processes, assumptions, and conclusions underlying significant estimates; and

 

documentation of accounting policies and procedures.

 

Because it will take time, management involvement, and perhaps outside resources to determine what internal control improvements are necessary for us to meet regulatory requirements and market expectations for our operation of a target business, we may incur significant expense in meeting our public reporting responsibilities, particularly in the areas of designing, enhancing, or remediating internal and disclosure controls. Doing so effectively may also take longer than we expect, thus increasing our exposure to financial fraud or erroneous financing reporting.

 

When required by Section 404 and once our management’s report on internal control is complete, we will retain our independent registered public accounting firm to audit and render an opinion on such report. This independent registered public accounting firm may identify additional issues concerning a target business’s internal control while performing its audit of internal control over financial reporting.

 

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Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

The net proceeds of this offering and the sale of the private shares held in the trust account will be invested in U.S. government treasury bills with a maturity of 185 days or less or in money market funds meeting certain conditions under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act which invest only in direct U.S. government treasury obligations. Due to the short-term nature of these investments, we believe there will be no associated material exposure to interest rate risk.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements; Commitments and Contractual Obligations; Quarterly Results

 

As of May 31, 2023, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303(b) of Regulation S-K and did not have any commitments or contractual obligations. No unaudited quarterly operating data is included in this prospectus as we have conducted no operations to date.

 

Changes in tax law and rates may affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities and our effective tax rate in the future. On August 16, 2022, the U.S. government enacted the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 that includes changes to the U.S. corporate income tax system, including a one percent excise tax on repurchases of stock after December 31, 2022. We are continuing to evaluate the Inflation Reduction Act and its requirements, as well as its application to our Company.

 

JOBS Act

 

On April 5, 2012, the JOBS Act was signed into law. The JOBS Act contains provisions that, among other things, relax certain reporting requirements for qualifying public companies. We will qualify as an “emerging growth company” and under the JOBS Act will be allowed to comply with new or revised accounting pronouncements based on the effective date for private (not publicly traded) companies. We are electing to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards, and as a result, we may not comply with new or revised accounting standards on the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required for non-emerging growth companies. As a result, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with new or revised accounting pronouncements as of public company effective dates.

 

Additionally, we are in the process of evaluating the benefits of relying on the other reduced reporting requirements provided by the JOBS Act. Subject to certain conditions set forth in the JOBS Act, if, as an “emerging growth company,” we choose to rely on such exemptions, we may not be required to, among other things, (i) provide an auditor’s attestation report on our system of internal controls over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404, (ii) provide all of the compensation disclosure that may be required of non-emerging growth public companies under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, (iii) comply with any requirement that may be adopted by the PCAOB regarding mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’s report providing additional information about the audit and the financial statements (auditor discussion and analysis), and (iv) disclose certain executive compensation related items such as the correlation between executive compensation and performance and comparisons of the CEO’s compensation to median employee compensation. These exemptions will apply for a period of five years following the completion of this offering or until we are no longer an “emerging growth company,” whichever is earlier.

 

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PROPOSED BUSINESS

 

General

 

We are a blank check company formed under the laws of the State of Delaware on May 1, 2023. We were formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, share purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses, which we refer to throughout this prospectus as our initial business combination. Our efforts to identify a prospective target business will not be limited to a particular industry or geographic region, although the company intends to pursue businesses in the financial technology sector in Asia (excluding China, Hong Kong and Macau). We do not have any specific business combination under consideration, and we have not (nor has anyone on our behalf), directly or indirectly, contacted any prospective target business or had any substantive discussions, formal or otherwise, with respect to such a transaction. We shall not undertake our initial business combination with any entity with its principal business operations in China (including Hong Kong and Macau).

 

Background and Competitive Advantage

 

We will seek to leverage our management team’s network of relationships with corporate executives, private equity, venture and growth capital funds, investment banking firms, consultants, family offices, and large corporations in order to source, acquire, and support the operations of the business combination target. We believe our team’s extensive and applicable experience investing in and operating businesses in Asia and North America will make us a preferred partner for, and allow us to source, high-quality combination targets. Our efforts to identify a prospective target business will not be limited to a particular geographic region or industry, although the Company intends to focus on operating businesses in Asia (excluding China, Hong Kong and Macau). We shall not undertake our initial business combination with any entity with its principal business operations in China (including Hong Kong and Macau).

 

Our team consists of experienced professionals and senior operating executives who bring a unique background and skillset that will be attractive to leading Asia-based companies. We believe that we will be able to leverage the following competitive strengths in identifying, structuring, and consummating a business combination:

 

An extensive network across several industries in Asia; which include longstanding relationships with leading executives, investors, entrepreneurs, and investment bankers in the Asia region and thus will provide us with access to proprietary investment opportunities and strong deal flow in our target sectors;

 

Structuring and execution capabilities; through their respective careers, our team has extensive experience in identifying, evaluating and executing investments in companies at various stages of their life cycle. We believe that the combined and complementary expertise of our team will allow us to structure and execute a competitive transaction;

 

U.S. and Asia cross-border deal experience; cross-border transactions require industry and local regulatory knowledge, rigorous due diligence and structuring creativity. Our team has significant transaction experience completing large-scale domestic and cross-border transactions, involving acquirers and targets located across the U.S. and Asia.

 

Our Board of Directors and Management

 

Hui Chen has been our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman since May 1, 2023. He has been serving as the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of Yotta Acquisition Corporation (Nasdaq: YOTA) since December 2021. Mr. Chen is a cross-industry expert in computer science and law. Mr. Chen founded Law Offices of Hui Chen & Associates, PC in 2012, a New York-based law firm. Mr. Chen focuses his practice on patent prosecution, copyright infringement, and other general intellectual property matters. Mr. Chen has also been an adjunct professor at Hofstra University since September 2019, where he instructs multiple undergraduate computer science programming courses in Visual C++. Before joining Hofstra University, Mr. Chen was an adjunct associate professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Pace University, Touro College, and Saint Francis College between 2000 and 2018 and was a full-time professor at Technical Career of Institute, College of Technology from December 2011 to December 2017. Before forming his law office in 2012, Mr. Chen worked for multiple Fortune 500 companies. Mr. Chen worked as an Oracle developer at eBay, Inc. from February 2008 to May 2015. Mr. Chen worked at IBM Global Services, where he was a solo back-end developer in designing and building the database and back-end process for DHS Inspection Application, from November 2007 to March 2008, and a programmer analyst between March 1998 and May 2004. Mr. Chen also worked at MultiPlan Inc. between June 2005 and February 2008 as a technical lead where he participated in designing new application systems and partnered with external vendors in coding and implementing new systems by using Java and Oracle PL/SQL. Before that, Mr. Chen worked at Pepsi Cola Inc. from January 2004 to June 2005, where he designed, coded, implemented, and documented a growth forecasting system and developed an automatic purchasing system. Mr. Chen received a Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from Shanghai Jiaotong University in 1992, a Bachelor’s degree in HVAC from Technical Career Institutes in 1997, a Master of Science degree in Computer Science from Pace University in 2000, and his J.D. degree from Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University in 2010. We believe that Mr. Chen’s access to contacts and sources, ranging from high-technology companies and legal contacts, will allow us to generate acquisition opportunities and identify suitable acquisition candidates.

 

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Robert L. Labbe has been our Chief Financial Officer since May 1, 2023. He will become one of our directors upon the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. He has been serving as the Chief Financial Officer and director of Yotta Acquisition Corporation (Nasdaq: YOTA) since December 2021. Mr. Labbe is a real estate veteran and real estate finance attorney licensed in California and New York with over thirty (30) years of experience in real estate. Mr. Labbe also has been a manager of MCAP Realty Advisors, LLC, a real estate advisor company, since January 2010. Mr. Labbe has been the general counsel of Global Premier Development Inc. and Global Premier America, LLC, real estate development companies, from March 2012 to December 2021. Mr. Labbe was a co-founder, general counsel, and managing director of Lenders Direct Capital, a wholesale lender, and its retail affiliate Lenders Republic Financial, a nationwide mortgage banker, from May 2003 to December 2007. Mr. Labbe was also a co-founder and partner at Mazda Butler LLP, a commercial and real estate law firm in California, from January 2003 to December 2007. Mr. Labbe co-founded First Allegiance Financial, a national specialty finance company, where he was the president and chairman from September 1996 to December 1998. First Allegiance Financial was acquired by City Holding Company, a financial holding company, for approximately $22 million in 1997. Mr. Labbe received his Bachelor’s degree in Civil Law (B.C.L.) and Bachelor of Laws degree (LL.B.) from McGill University in 1982 and 1983, respectively. Mr. Labbe also received his Diplome d’Etude Collegiale St. Lawrence College (Quebec) in 1978. Mr. Labbe is a licensed broker with the California Department of Real Estate since 1990. Mr. Labbe also holds the UC Irvine Extension Light Construction and Development Management Program Certificate. We believe that Mr. Labbe is qualified to serve as a member of our board of directors due to his entrepreneurship and extensive experience in the real estate industry. 

 

Brandon Miller will become one of our independent directors upon the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. He has been serving as a member of the board of directors of Yotta Acquisition Corporation (Nasdaq: YOTA) since April 2022. Mr. Miller has been the managing partner at Aspect Property Management LLC, a property management company in Connecticut, since January 2015. Before joining Aspect Property Management LLC, Mr. Miller spent a decade in the consulting industry at Matté & Company, a private and public sector consulting company from January 2005 to January 2015, where he offered executive recruiting, strategic planning, leadership, and corporate consulting services. Mr. Miller was a corporate controller at Corporate Dining Solutions, a corporate catering company, from 2003 to 2005. Mr. Miller is presently a certified manager of community associations (“CMCA”) and an association management specialist (“AMS”). Mr. Miller received his Bachelor’s degree in Finance from the University of Bridgeport in 1986 and studied in Mechanical Engineering at North Carolina State University from 1980 to 1983. We believe that Mr. Miller is qualified to serve as a member of our board of directors due to his extensive experience in the real estate and business consulting industries.

 

Daniel M. McCabe will become one of our independent directors upon the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. He has been serving as a member of the board of directors of Yotta Acquisition Corporation (Nasdaq: YOTA) since April 2022. Mr. McCabe has been admitted to practice before the Courts of the State of Connecticut since 1974. Mr. McCabe’s legal career began as an assistant clerk of the Superior Court at Stamford from 1974 to 1976, and since then he has had his own legal practice, Daniel McCabe LLC, a general practice law firm in Connecticut founded in 1982. His work includes rendering legal advice to individuals and business entities concerning commercial transactions, business organizations, and complex litigation. Mr. McCabe is also an Adjunct Professor of Business Law at Sacred Heart University. Mr. McCabe previously was the Chairman of the Stamford Housing Authority, Co-chair of the Stamford Reapportionment Committee, Member of the Board of Parole for the State of Connecticut, Chairman of the Republican Town Committee of the City of Stamford and Counsel for the Stamford Water Pollution Control Authority. He also served as Corporation Counsel for the City of Stamford where he held the position of chief legal counsel and advisor to Mayor Stanley Esposito of the City of Stamford. Mr. McCabe obtained his Juris Doctor degree from St. John’s University Law School in 1974.

 

Michael Lazar will become one of our independent directors upon the effectiveness of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. He has been serving as a member of the board of directors of Yotta Acquisition Corporation (Nasdaq: YOTA) since April 2022. Mr. Lazar has over 14 years of experience in guiding corporate issuers with the filing of their regulatory filings with the SEC. Mr. Lazar founded Empire Filings, a full-service financial printer, in October 2020, and has been the chief executive officer of the company since then. Mr. Lazar acted as the chief executive officer of Adorbs, Inc., an organic apparel company quoted on the OTC market, from April 2019 to October 2020. Prior to that, Mr. Lazar worked at S2 Filings, a full-service financial printer, from August 2016 to October 2020. Mr. Lazar started his career in the financial printer industry at Vintage Filings, a full-service financial printer and a division of PR Newswire, from August 2006 to August 2016. Mr. Lazar obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Economics from Brooklyn College in 2004. We believe that Mr. Lazar is qualified to serve as a member of our board of directors due to his experience in business management.

 

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Our Business Strategy and Acquisition Criteria

 

We intend to focus our efforts on identifying and completing our initial business combination with a company in the financial technology sector that aligns with our team’s experiences, expertise and network of relationships. Our business strategy is focused on potential acquisition targets that exhibit compelling long-term growth potential and highly defensible market positions. Our experience in Asia is a key differentiator for us compared to other blank check companies, the majority of which we believe are seeking business combinations exclusively in the U.S. We believe this will allow us to generate a truly differentiated pipeline of acquisition opportunities and lead to executing a business combination with an attractive target company more quickly, efficiently, and under better terms than our competitors.

 

We believe that targeting companies in Asia (excluding China, Hong Kong and Macau for initial business combination) is compelling because there is a significant pool of high-quality private companies that could benefit from going public in the United States. We expect that the financial technology sector industry will continue to have a strong growth trajectory due to recent trends including increasing digitization, the adoption and advancement of new technology, and changes in consumer habits. We believe Asia in particular represents a compelling market environment with significant growth opportunities and favorable trends within the financial technology sector. We believe that the COVID-19 pandemic and Asia’s growing market has enabled consumer adoption of financial technology to accelerate, creating massive opportunities for our team to capitalize on. Given the high level of business formation and development in Asia, and the number of high-quality emerging companies seeking access to the US capital markets in our network, we believe that we will be able to engage with many leading Asia-based companies (excluding China, Hong Kong and Macau) interested in a business combination. We shall not undertake our initial business combination with any entity with its principal business operations in China (including Hong Kong and Macau).

 

We have identified the following general criteria and guidelines as we evaluate prospective target companies.

 

Large underpenetrated markets with favorable industry dynamics. We intend to actively look for suitable investment opportunities within the financial technology sector with an enterprise value of approximately $250 million to $1 billion. We will prioritize targets that are already benefiting from or capitalizing on trends found within their respective sectors.

 

Strong management team. The strength of the management team will be an important component in our review process. We will seek to partner with a visionary, experienced and professional management team that can drive growth, strategic decision making and long-term value creation.

 

Defensible market position with sustainable competitive advantage. We intend to favor targets that have a strong competitive advantage or are category leaders in their respective verticals. We will target companies that have strong intellectual property, technology, or brand equity within their respective sectors and that can be further monetized on a global basis.

 

Asia-domiciled but operating on a global basis. We will seek targets that have already established a strong operating history within Asia (excluding China), but which possess a competitive edge to expand into new geographic regions where similar needs exist.

 

Benefit from being a public company. We intend to only acquire businesses that would benefit from being publicly traded in the United States, including access to broader sources of capital and expanded market awareness. This improved access to capital could allow the targets to accelerate growth, pursue new projects, retain and hire employees, and expand into new geographies or businesses.

 

While we intend to use these criteria in evaluating the attractiveness of potential business combination opportunities, we may ultimately decide to enter into an initial business combination with a target business that does not meet these criteria. In the event that we decide to enter into our initial business combination with a target business that does not meet the above criteria and guidelines, we will disclose that the target business does not meet the above criteria and guidelines in stockholder communications related to our initial business combination, which, as discussed in this prospectus, would be in the form of tender offer documents or proxy solicitation materials that we would file with the SEC.

 

In evaluating a prospective target business, we expect to conduct a thorough due diligence review that will encompass, among other things, meetings with incumbent management and employees, document reviews, interviews of customers and suppliers, inspection of facilities, as well as the review of financial and other information which will be made available to us. We will also utilize our operational and capital allocation experience. Our acquisition criteria, due diligence processes, and value creation methods are not intended to be exhaustive. Any evaluation relating to the merits of a particular initial business combination may be based, to the extent relevant, on these general guidelines as well as other considerations, factors, and criteria that our management may deem relevant.

 

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Yotta Acquisition Corporation

 

On March 8, 2021, our management co-founded Yotta Acquisition Corporation, a Delaware corporation (“Yotta”), a special purpose acquisition company incorporated for the purposes of effecting a business combination. On April 22, 2022, Yotta consummated its initial public offering of 11,500,000 units (including 1,500,000 units issued upon the full exercise of the over-allotment option), each unit consisting of one share of common stock and one warrant, for an offering price of $10.00 per unit. Its units, common stock and warrants are currently traded on Nasdaq under symbols “YOTAU”, “YOTA” and “YOTAW,” respectively.

 

On October 24, 2022, Yotta entered into a certain merger agreement by and among NaturalShrimp Incorporated (“NaturalShrimp”), a Nevada corporation, Yotta, and Yotta Merger Sub, Inc. (“MergerSub”), a Nevada corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Yotta. At the closing of the merger in consideration, Yotta will issue 17.5 million shares of its common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, to the former security holders of Yotta. Following the closing of the merger, the former security holders of NaturalShrimp will be entitled to receive up to 10,000,000 additional shares of Yotta’s common stock if, following the closing of the merger, NaturalShrimp meets or exceeds either of two annual revenue thresholds for each of the fiscal years ending on March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2025. After the closing of the merger, if NaturalShrimp meets or exceeds $15,000,000 in revenue (per its audited financial statements) for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2024, then Yotta will issue 5,000,000 shares of Yotta’s common stock to the former security holders of NaturalShrimp. If NaturalShrimp meets or exceeds $30,000,000 in revenue (per its audited financial statements) for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2025, then Yotta will issue 5,000,000 shares of its common stock to the former security holders of NaturalShrimp.

 

At a special meeting of stockholders held on April 19, 2023, Yotta’s stockholders approved Yotta to enter into an amendment to the Investment Management Trust Agreement, with Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company (the “Trust Amendment”) dated as of April 19, 2023. Pursuant to the Trust Amendment, Yotta has the right to extend time to complete its business combination (the “Business Combination Period”) under the Trust Agreement for a period of 12 months from April 22, 2023 to April 22, 2024 and to the extent Yotta’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation is amended to extend the Business Combination Period, by depositing $120,000 for each such one-month extension into Yotta’s trust account. Yotta filed an amendment to its Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation with the Delaware Secretary of State on April 19, 2023 giving Yotta the right to extend the Business Combination Period from April 22, 2023 to April 22, 2024.

 

On April 21, 2023, May 17, 2023 and June 20, 2023, Yotta each deposited $120,000 (an aggregate of $360,000) into its trust account in order to extend the period of time it has to complete a business combination for an additional one (1) month period, respectively. The purpose of the extensions is to provide more time for Yotta to complete a business combination.

 

By a letter dated August 10, 2023 (the “Termination Letter”), Yotta informed NaturalShrimp that it was terminating the Merger Agreement. The termination of the Merger Agreement was due to breaches by NaturalShrimp of its obligations thereunder including, but not limited to, NaturalShrimp’s obligation to share the costs associated with the extension of the deadline by which Yotta must complete an initial business combination. Although the payments were to be shared equally, NaturalShrimp failed to provide its portion despite being notified of its obligation to do so.

 

NaturalShrimp has not responded to the Termination Letter but previously sent a notification that it was terminating the Merger Agreement. Yotta rejected that purported termination as it does not believe NaturalShrimp has a legal basis under the Merger Agreement to terminate it. Moreover, pursuant to Section 10.2(b) of the Merger Agreement, NaturalShrimp was not authorized to terminate the Merger Agreement when it was in breach of its terms. Yotta also included in the Termination Letter a demand for the $3 million termination fee due to it under the terms of the Merger Agreement.

 

Certain member of our management are officers and/or directors of Yotta, including Mr. Hui Chen serves as Chairman and CEO, Mr. Robert L. Labbe serves as the CFO and director, and each of Mr. Brandon Miller, Mr. Daniel M. McCabe and Mr. Michael Lazar serves as an independent director, and each of the foregoing own fiduciary duties under Delaware general corporate law to Yotta. For more details about our management’s conflict of interests, see “Management-Conflicts of Interest” on page 104 of this prospectus.

 

Effecting Our Initial Business Combination

 

General

 

We are not presently engaged in, and we will not engage in, any substantive commercial business for an indefinite period of time following this offering. We intend to utilize cash derived from the proceeds of this offering and the private units, the founder shares, debt, or a combination of these in effecting a business combination. Although substantially all of the net proceeds of this offering and the sale of private units are intended to be applied generally toward effecting a business combination as described in this prospectus, the proceeds are not otherwise being designated for any more specific purposes. Accordingly, investors in this offering are investing without first having an opportunity to evaluate the specific merits or risks of any one or more business combinations. A business combination may involve the acquisition of, or merger with, a company which does not need substantial additional capital but which desires to establish a public trading market for its shares, while avoiding what it may deem to be adverse consequences of undertaking a public offering itself. These include time delays, significant expense, loss of voting control and compliance with various U.S. Federal and state securities laws. In the alternative, we may seek to consummate a business combination with a company that may be in its early stages of development or growth. While we may seek to effect simultaneous business combinations with more than one target business, we will probably have the ability, as a result of our limited resources, to effect only a single business combination.

 

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We Have Not Identified a Target Business

 

To date, we have not selected any target business. None of our insiders and other affiliates has engaged in discussions on our behalf with representatives of other companies regarding the possibility of a potential merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, or other similar business combination with us, nor have we, nor any of our agents or affiliates, been approached by any candidates (or representatives of any candidates) with respect to a possible business combination with us.

 

Subject to the limitations that a target business have a fair market value of at least 80% of the balance in the trust account (excluding any deferred underwriting discounts and taxes payable on the income earned on the trust account) at the time of the execution of a definitive agreement for our initial business combination, as described below in more detail, we will have virtually unrestricted flexibility in identifying and selecting a prospective acquisition candidate. We have not established any other specific attributes or criteria (financial or otherwise) for prospective target businesses. Accordingly, there is no basis for investors in this offering to evaluate the possible merits or risks of the target business with which we may ultimately complete a business combination. To the extent we effect a business combination with a company or an entity in its early stage of development or growth, including entities without established records of sales or earnings, we may be affected by numerous risks inherent in the business and operations of early stage or potential emerging growth companies. Although our management will endeavor to evaluate the risks inherent in a particular target business, we cannot assure you that we will properly ascertain or assess all significant risk factors.

 

Sources of Target Businesses

 

We anticipate that target business candidates will be brought to our attention from various unaffiliated sources, including investment bankers, venture capital funds, private equity funds, leveraged buyout funds, management buyout funds and other members of the financial community. Target businesses may be brought to our attention by such unaffiliated sources as a result of being solicited by us through calls or mailings which will not commence until after the completion of this offering. These sources may also introduce us to target businesses they think we may be interested in on an unsolicited basis, since many of these sources will have read this prospectus and know what types of businesses we are targeting. Our officers and directors, as well as their respective affiliates, may also bring to our attention target business candidates that they become aware of through their business contacts as a result of formal or informal inquiries or discussions they may have, as well as attending trade shows or conventions. While we do not presently anticipate engaging the services of professional firms or other individuals that specialize in business acquisitions on any formal basis, we may engage these firms or other individuals in the future, in which event we may pay a finder’s fee, consulting fee, or other compensation to be determined in an arm’s length negotiation based on the terms of the transaction. In no event, however, will any of our existing insiders, special advisors or any entity with which they are affiliated, be paid any finder’s fee, consulting fee, or other compensation prior to, or for any services they render in order to effectuate, the consummation of a business combination (regardless of the type of transaction). If we decide to enter into a business combination with a target business that is affiliated with our insiders, we will do so only if we have obtained an opinion from an independent investment banking firm that the business combination is fair to our unaffiliated stockholders from a financial point of view. However, as of the date of this prospectus, there is no affiliated entity that we consider a business combination target.

 

In addition, as more fully discussed in “Management — Conflicts of Interest,” if any of our officers or directors becomes aware of a business combination opportunity that falls within the line of business of any entity to which he or she has pre-existing fiduciary or contractual obligations, he or she may be required to present such business combination opportunity to such entity prior to presenting such business combination opportunity to us. All of our officers, and directors currently have certain relevant pre-existing fiduciary duties or contractual obligations.

 

Fair Market Value of Target Business

 

Pursuant to the rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market, our initial business combination must occur with one or more target businesses having an aggregate fair market value of at least 80% of the value of the trust account (excluding any deferred underwriter’s fees and taxes payable on the income earned on the trust account) at the time of the agreement to enter into the initial business combination, which we refer to as the 80% test. Therefore, the fair market value of the target business will be calculated prior to any conversions of our shares in connection with a business combination and therefore will be a minimum of $46.80 Million (or $53.82 Million if the over-allotment option is exercised in full) in order to satisfy the 80% test. While the fair market value of the target business must satisfy the 80% test, the consideration we pay the owners of the target business may be a combination of cash (whether cash from the trust account or cash from a debt or equity financing transaction that closes concurrently with the business combination) or our equity securities. The exact nature and amount of consideration would be determined based on negotiations with the target business, although we will attempt to primarily use our equity as transaction consideration. If our board is not able to independently determine the fair market value of the target business or businesses, we will obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm with respect to the satisfaction of such criteria. We will also obtain a fairness opinion from an independent investment banking firm before consummating a business combination with an entity affiliated with any of our officers, directors or insiders. If we are no longer listed on Nasdaq, we will not be required to satisfy the 80% test and may hold a stockholder vote to remove this requirement from our certificate of incorporation.

 

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We anticipate structuring our initial business combination so that the post-transaction company in which our public stockholders own shares will own or acquire 100% of the equity interests or assets of the target business or businesses. We may, however, structure our initial business combination such that the post-transaction company own less than 100% of such interests or assets of the target business in order to meet certain objectives of the target management team or stockholders or for other reasons, but we will only complete such business combination if the post-transaction company owns 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of the target or otherwise owns a controlling interest in the target sufficient for it not to be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or the Investment Company Act. Even if the post-transaction company owns 50% or more of the voting securities of the target, our stockholders prior to the business combination may collectively own a minority interest in the post-transaction company, depending on valuations ascribed to the target and us in the business combination transaction. For example, we could pursue a transaction in which we issue a substantial number of new shares in exchange for all of the outstanding capital stock of a target. In this case, we would acquire a 100% controlling interest in the target. However, as a result of the issuance of a substantial number of new shares, our stockholders immediately prior to our initial business combination could own less than a majority of our outstanding shares subsequent to our initial business combination. If less than 100% of the equity interests or assets of a target business or businesses are owned or acquired by the post-transaction company, the portion of such business or businesses that is owned or acquired is what will be valued for purposes of the 80% test.

 

Alternative structures to comply with regulations in certain industries within an international context.

 

We have not selected any target business for our search for our initial business combination nor have we affirmatively identified a target jurisdiction, and we are, therefore, presently unable to determine the future legal form of the target business acquisition and resulting enterprise.

 

Stockholder Approval of