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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2023
OR
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number 001-41708
PHINIA INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware92-2483604
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
3000 University Drive, Auburn Hills, Michigan
48326
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code (248) 732-1900
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per sharePHINNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☐ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☑ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No
As of August 2, 2023, the registrant had 47,013,661 shares of voting common stock outstanding.



PHINIA
FORM 10-Q
THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2023
INDEX
Page No.


Table of Contents
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

PHINIA
CONDENSED COMBINED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(in millions)June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
ASSETS
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$213 $251 
Receivables, net827 749 
Due from BorgWarner, current64 142 
Inventories518 459 
Prepayments and other current assets48 40 
Total current assets1,670 1,641 
Property, plant and equipment, net901 924 
Investments and long-term receivables92 117 
Due from BorgWarner, non-current46 208 
Goodwill490 490 
Other intangible assets, net421 432 
Other non-current assets249 262 
Total assets$3,869 $4,074 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Accounts payable$478 $500 
Due to BorgWarner, current99 285 
Other current liabilities370 385 
Total current liabilities947 1,170 
Long-term debt25 28 
Due to BorgWarner, non-current643 957 
Retirement-related liabilities83 79 
Other non-current liabilities179 197 
Total liabilities1,877 2,431 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 18)
BorgWarner investment2,053 1,731 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(61)(88)
Total equity1,992 1,643 
Total liabilities and equity$3,869 $4,074 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Combined Financial Statements.
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PHINIA
CONDENSED COMBINED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in millions)2023 202220232022
Net sales$887 $796 $1,722 $1,638 
Cost of sales698 638 1,361 1,306 
Gross profit189 158 361 332 
Selling, general and administrative expenses103 101 202 201 
Other operating expense, net30 8 45 11 
Operating income56 49 114 120 
Equity in affiliates’ earnings, net of tax(3)(1)(6)(3)
Interest expense, net4 4 7 8 
Other postretirement income(1)(8)(1)(17)
Earnings before income taxes56 54 114 132 
Provision for income taxes21 13 44 34 
Net earnings$35 $41 $70 $98 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Combined Financial Statements.
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PHINIA
CONDENSED COMBINED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(UNAUDITED)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Net earnings$35 $41 $70 $98 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
Foreign currency translation adjustments(1)
10 (84)30 (87)
Defined benefit pension plans(1)
 (6)(1)(7)
Hedge instruments(1)
(4)2 (2)1 
Total other comprehensive income (loss)6 (88)27 (93)
Comprehensive income (loss)$41 $(47)$97 $5 
_____________
(1) Net of income taxes.
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Combined Financial Statements.
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PHINIA
CONDENSED COMBINED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
Six months ended June 30,
(in millions)20232022
OPERATING
Net earnings$70 $98 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and tooling amortization70 73 
Intangible asset amortization14 14 
Restructuring expense, net of cash paid2 3 
Asset impairments 5 
Stock-based compensation expense4 5 
Deferred income tax expense8  
Other non-cash adjustments, net4 (4)
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities172 194 
Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding foreign currency translation adjustments:
Receivables(71)(65)
Receivables due from BorgWarner7 3 
Inventories(52)(71)
Prepayments and other current assets(10)3 
Accounts payable and other current liabilities(13)33 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses due to BorgWarner(3)2 
Prepaid taxes and income taxes payable29 6 
Other assets and liabilities(26)(28)
Net cash provided by operating activities33 77 
INVESTING
Capital expenditures, including tooling outlays(80)(60)
Payments for investment in equity securities(2)(1)
Proceeds from asset disposals and other, net2 3 
Net cash used in investing activities(80)(58)
FINANCING
Cash outflows related to debt due to/from BorgWarner(94)(117)
Cash inflows related to debt due to/from BorgWarner36 20 
Purchase of noncontrolling interest (3)
Net transfers from (to) BorgWarner58 (3)
Net cash used in financing activities (103)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash9 (6)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(38)(90)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year251 259 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$213 $169 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION
Cash paid (received) during the year for:
Interest, net$(1)$(2)
Income taxes, net of refunds$18 $28 
Non-cash investing transactions:
Period end accounts payable related to property, plant, and equipment purchases$30 $26 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Combined Financial Statements.
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NOTES TO CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

INTRODUCTION
The accompanying Condensed Combined Financial Statements and notes present the condensed combined statements of operations, balance sheets, and cash flows of the Fuel Systems and Aftermarket businesses of BorgWarner Inc. (“PHINIA” or the “Company”). PHINIA is a leader in the development, design and manufacture of integrated components and systems that optimize performance, increase efficiency and reduce emissions in combustion and hybrid propulsion for commercial vehicles and industrial applications (medium-duty and heavy-duty trucks, buses and other off-highway construction, marine, agricultural and industrial applications) and light vehicles (passenger cars, trucks, vans and sport-utility vehicles). The Company is a global supplier to most major original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) seeking to meet and exceed increasingly stringent global regulatory requirements and satisfy consumer demands for an enhanced user experience. Additionally, the Company offers a wide range of original equipment service (“OES”) solutions and remanufactured products as well as an expanded range of products for the independent (non-OEM) aftermarket.
Transition to Standalone Company
On December 6, 2022, BorgWarner Inc. (“BorgWarner”) announced plans for the complete legal and structural separation of BorgWarner’s Fuel Systems and Aftermarket businesses from BorgWarner by the spin-off of its wholly-owned subsidiary, PHINIA Inc., which was formed on February 9, 2023 and holds BorgWarner’s Fuel Systems and Aftermarket businesses (the “Spin-Off”).
On July 3, 2023, PHINIA completed the Spin-Off in a transaction intended to qualify as tax-free to the Company’s stockholders for U.S. federal income tax purposes, which was accomplished by the distribution of the outstanding common stock of PHINIA Inc. to holders of record of common stock of BorgWarner on a pro rata basis. Each holder of record of common stock of BorgWarner received one share of PHINIA Inc. common stock for every five shares of common stock of BorgWarner held on June 23, 2023, the record date (the “Record Date”). In lieu of fractional shares of PHINIA, stockholders of the Company received cash. As a result of these transactions, all of the assets, liabilities, and legal entities comprising BorgWarner’s Fuel Systems and Aftermarket businesses are now owned directly, or indirectly through its subsidiaries, by PHINIA Inc. PHINIA Inc. is an independent public company trading under the symbol “PHIN” on the New York Stock Exchange.

NOTE 1     BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying Condensed Combined Financial Statements and notes present the combined results of operations, financial positions, and cash flows of the Fuel Systems and Aftermarket businesses of BorgWarner for the periods presented on a “carve-out basis” and as historically operated by BorgWarner. The Condensed Combined Financial Statements have been derived from the Consolidated Financial Statements and accounting records of BorgWarner using the historical results of operations and historical basis of assets and liabilities of the Company on a “carve-out basis” and reflect BorgWarner’s net investment in the Company. The Company’s Condensed Combined Financial Statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes necessary for a comprehensive presentation of financial position, results of operations and cash flow activity required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of results have been included. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2023. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2022 was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date.

Management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and accompanying notes, as well as amounts of revenues and expenses reported during the periods covered by those financial statements and accompanying notes. The Condensed Combined Financial Statements
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may not be indicative of the Company’s future performance and do not necessarily reflect what the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows would have been had it operated as a standalone company during the periods presented.
The Condensed Combined Statements of Operations include all revenues and costs directly attributable to the Company, including costs for facilities, functions, and services utilized. Costs for certain centralized functions and programs provided and administered by BorgWarner are charged directly to the Company. These centralized functions and programs include, but are not limited to research and development and information technology.
A portion of BorgWarner’s total corporate expenses have been allocated to the Company for services rendered by BorgWarner. These expenses include the cost of corporate functions and resources, including, but not limited to, executive management, finance, accounting, legal, human resources, research and development and sales. Additionally, a portion of the Company’s corporate expenses have been allocated to BorgWarner for charges incurred related to subsidiaries of BorgWarner historically supported by the Company, primarily related to information technology. These expenses were allocated based on direct usage when identifiable or, when not directly identifiable, on the basis of proportional net revenues, legal entities, headcount or weighted-square footage, as applicable. The Company considers the basis on which the expenses have been allocated to reasonably reflect the utilization of services provided to, or the benefit received by, both the Company and BorgWarner during the periods presented. However, the allocations may not reflect the expenses the Company would have incurred if the Company had been a standalone company for the periods presented. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 net corporate allocation expenses totaled $54 million and $89 million, respectively, For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 net corporate allocation expenses totaled $39 million and $69 million, respectively. Corporate allocation expenses were primarily included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
In addition to the allocations above, the Company provides application testing and other research and development services for other BorgWarner businesses. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, income related to these activities of $1 million and $2 million, respectively, have been included in Other operating expense, net in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, income related to these activities of $4 million and $6 million, respectively, have been included in Other operating expense, net in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations.
Actual costs that may have been incurred if the Company had been a standalone company would depend on a number of factors, including the organizational structure, whether functions were outsourced or performed by employees, and strategic decisions made in areas such as information technology and infrastructure. Going forward, the Company may perform these functions using its own resources.
BorgWarner utilized several centralized approaches to cash management and financing of its operations. The cash and cash equivalents held by BorgWarner are not specifically identifiable to the Company and therefore have not been reflected in the Company’s Condensed Combined Balance Sheets. Alternatively, the cash and cash equivalents held by the Company, and used to fund the underlying operations of PHINIA, have been reflected in the Company’s Condensed Combined Balance Sheets. Separately, the Company and BorgWarner participated in various cash pooling arrangements to manage liquidity and fund operations. Any balances owed to the Company from BorgWarner as a result of these cash arrangements that were anticipated to be settled in cash are reflected as Due from BorgWarner. Any balances due from the Company to BorgWarner as a result of these cash arrangements that were anticipated to be settled in cash are reflected as Due to BorgWarner. Certain other cash pooling balances that were not anticipated to be settled in cash are presented within BorgWarner Investment in the Condensed Combined Financial Statements.
The Condensed Combined Financial Statements include certain assets and liabilities that have been determined to be attributable to the Company, including certain assets and liabilities that were historically
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held at the corporate level in BorgWarner. BorgWarner’s third-party long-term debt and the related interest expense have not been allocated to the Company for any of the periods presented because the Company was not the legal obligor of such debt. Any long-term debt specifically attributed to the Company has been reflected in the Condensed Combined Balance Sheets.
Because a direct ownership relationship did not exist in the Company, a BorgWarner investment is shown in lieu of stockholders’ equity in the Condensed Combined Financial Statements. All intercompany transactions within the Company have been eliminated. All transactions between the Company and BorgWarner have been included in these Condensed Combined Financial Statements. The total net effect of the settlement of the transactions between the Company and BorgWarner, exclusive of those historically settled in cash, is reflected in the Condensed Combined Statements of Cash Flows in Cash flows from financing activities as Net transfers from (to) BorgWarner and in the Condensed Combined Balance Sheets as BorgWarner investment. For those transactions between the Company and BorgWarner that were historically settled in cash, the Company has reflected such balances in the Condensed Combined Balance Sheets as Due from BorgWarner or Due to BorgWarner. Intercompany loans between the Company and BorgWarner have also been included within the Condensed Combined Balance Sheets as Due from BorgWarner and Due to BorgWarner. Refer to Note 19, “Related-Party Transactions,” for further information regarding these balances.

NOTE 2     REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS
The Company manufactures and sells products, primarily to OEMs of commercial vehicle industrial applications and light vehicles, to certain tier one vehicle systems suppliers and into the aftermarket. The Company’s payment terms are based on customary business practices and vary by customer type and products offered. The Company has evaluated the terms of its arrangements and determined that they do not contain significant financing components.
Generally, revenue is recognized upon shipment or delivery; however, a limited number of the Company’s customer arrangements for its highly customized products with no alternative use provide the Company with the right to payment during the production process. As a result, for these limited arrangements, revenue is recognized as goods are produced and control transfers to the customer using the input cost-to-cost method. The Company recorded a contract asset of $2 million at both June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 for these arrangements. These amounts are reflected in Prepayments and other current assets in the Company’s Condensed Combined Balance Sheets.
In limited instances, certain customers have provided payments in advance of receiving related products, typically at the onset of an arrangement prior to the beginning of production. These contract liabilities are reflected as Other current liabilities in the Condensed Combined Balance Sheets and were $3 million at December 31, 2022. There was no balance at June 30, 2023. These amounts are reflected as revenue over the term of the arrangement (typically 3 to 7 years) as the underlying products are shipped and represent the Company’s remaining performance obligations as of the end of the period.
The following table represents a disaggregation of revenue from contracts with customers by reportable segment and region for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022. Refer to Note 20, “Reportable Segments And Related Information to the Condensed Combined Financial Statements,” for more information.
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Three months ended June 30, 2023
(In millions)Fuel SystemsAftermarketTotal
Americas$171 $200 $371 
Europe256 116 372 
Asia124 20 144 
Total$551 $336 $887 
Three months ended June 30, 2022
(In millions)Fuel SystemsAftermarketTotal
Americas$129 $205 $334 
Europe225 102 327 
Asia119 16 135 
Total$473 $323 $796 
Six months ended June 30, 2023
(In millions)Fuel SystemsAftermarketTotal
Americas$338 $398 $736 
Europe479 228 707 
Asia243 36 279 
Total$1,060 $662 $1,722 
Six months ended June 30, 2022
(In millions)Fuel SystemsAftermarketTotal
Americas$266 $397 $663 
Europe470 200 670 
Asia275 30 305 
Total$1,011 $627 $1,638 


NOTE 3     RESTRUCTURING
The Company’s restructuring expenditures are primarily included in Other operating expense, net of the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations. The Company’s restructuring activities are undertaken as necessary to execute management’s strategy and streamline operations, consolidate and take advantage of available capacity and resources, and ultimately achieve net cost reductions. Restructuring activities include efforts to integrate and rationalize the Company’s business and to relocate operations to best-cost locations.
The Company’s restructuring expenses consist primarily of employee termination benefits (principally severance and/or other termination benefits) and other costs, which are primarily professional fees and costs related to equipment moves.
The following table displays a roll forward of the restructuring liability recorded within the Company’s Condensed Combined Balance Sheets and the related cash flow activity:
8

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(in millions)Employee termination benefitsOtherTotal
Balance at January 1, 2023$20 $ $20 
Restructuring expense, net5 1 6 
Cash payments(12)(1)(13)
Balance at June 30, 202313  13 
Less: Non-current restructuring liability(2) (2)
Current restructuring liability at June 30, 2023$11 $ $11 
(in millions)Employee termination benefitsOtherTotal
Balance at January 1, 2022$60 $ $60 
Restructuring expense, net2 3 5 
Cash payments(31)(2)(33)
Foreign currency translation adjustment and other(2) (2)
Balance at June 30, 202229 1 30 
Less: Non-current restructuring liability(8) (8)
Current restructuring liability at June 30, 2022$21 $1 $22 
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company recorded $2 million and $6 million, respectively, of restructuring costs for individually approved restructuring actions that primarily related to reductions in headcount in the Fuel Systems segment.
In 2019, the Company announced a restructuring plan to reshape and realign its global technical center footprint and reduce salaried and contract staff. The Company recorded charges of $5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022, primarily related to employee severance and equipment moves in the Fuel Systems segment. The actions under this program are complete.
Estimates of restructuring expense are based on information available at the time such charges are recorded. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in estimating restructuring expenses, actual amounts paid for such activities may differ from amounts initially recorded. Accordingly, the Company may record revisions of previous estimates by adjusting previously established accruals.
The Company continues to evaluate different options across its operations to reduce existing structural costs. The Company will recognize restructuring expense associated with any future actions at the time they are approved and become probable or are incurred. Any future actions could result in significant restructuring expense.
NOTE 4     RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS
The Company’s net research & development (“R&D”) expenditures are primarily included in Selling, general and administrative expenses of the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations. Customer reimbursements are netted against gross R&D expenditures as they are considered a recovery of cost. Customer reimbursements for prototypes are recorded net of prototype costs based on customer contracts, typically either when the prototype is shipped or when it is accepted by the customer. Customer reimbursements for engineering services are recorded when performance obligations are satisfied in accordance with the contract. Financial risks and rewards transfer upon shipment, acceptance of a prototype component by the customer or upon completion of the performance obligation as stated in the respective customer agreement. The Company has various customer arrangements relating to R&D activities that it performs at its various R&D locations.
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The following table presents the Company’s gross and net expenditures on R&D activities:
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Gross R&D expenditures$49 $51 $98 $102 
Customer reimbursements(21)(22)(41)(48)
Net R&D expenditures$28 $29 $57 $54 
NOTE 5     OTHER OPERATING EXPENSE, NET
Items included in Other operating expense, net consist of:
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Merger, acquisition and divestiture expense$41 $12 $59 $22 
Related-party royalty income(12)(6)(17)(13)
Related-party R&D income(1)(4)(2)(6)
Asset impairment 5  5 
Restructuring2 3 6 5 
Other income, net (2)(1)(2)
Other operating expense, net$30 $8 $45 $11 
Merger and acquisition expense: During the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company recorded merger, acquisition and divestiture expense of $41 million and $59 million, respectively, primarily related to professional fees associated with the intended separation of the Company. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recorded merger, acquisition and divestiture expense of $12 million and $22 million, respectively, primarily related to professional fees associated with the intended separation of the Company.
Related-party royalty income: The Company participates in royalty arrangements with other BorgWarner businesses, which involve the licensing of the Delphi Technologies trade name and product-related intellectual properties. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company recognized royalty income from other BorgWarner businesses in the amount of $12 million and $17 million, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized royalty income from other BorgWarner businesses in the amount of $6 million and $13 million, respectively. Refer to Note 19, "Related-Party Transactions," for further information.
Related-party R&D income: The Company provides application testing and other R&D services for other BorgWarner businesses. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company recognized income related to these services of $1 million and $2 million, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized income related to these services of $4 million and $6 million, respectively. Refer to Note 19, "Related-Party Transactions," for further information.

NOTE 6 INCOME TAXES
The Company’s provision for income taxes is based upon an estimated annual effective tax rate for the year applied to domestic and foreign income. On a quarterly basis, the annual effective tax rate is
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adjusted, as appropriate, based upon changed facts and circumstances, if any, as compared to those forecasted at the beginning of the fiscal year and each interim period thereafter.

The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 was 38% and 24%, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2023 increased as compared to the prior year as a result of a change in the jurisdictional mix of pre-tax earnings, most notably an increase in pre-tax losses where no tax benefit is recognized.
The Company’s effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 was 39% and 26%, respectively. The effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2023 increased as compared to the prior year as a result of a change in the jurisdictional mix of pre-tax earnings, most notably an increase in pre-tax losses where no tax benefit is recognized.
The annual effective tax rates differ from the U.S. statutory rate primarily due to foreign rates which vary from those in the U.S., jurisdictions with pretax losses for which no tax benefit could be realized, U.S. taxes on foreign earnings, and permanent differences between book and tax treatment for certain items including enhanced deduction of research and development expenses in certain jurisdictions.

For periods ended on or prior to July 3, 2023, the Company’s operations have been included in BorgWarner’s U.S. federal consolidated tax return, certain foreign tax returns, and certain state tax returns. For the purposes of these financial statements, the Company’s income tax provision was computed as if the Company filed separate tax returns (i.e., as if the Company had not been included in the consolidated income tax return group with BorgWarner). The separate return method applies ASC 740 to the Combined Financial Statements of each member of a consolidated tax group as if the group member were a separate taxpayer. As a result, actual tax transactions included in the consolidated financial statements of BorgWarner may not be included in these Combined Financial Statements. Further, the Company’s tax results as presented in the Combined Financial Statements may not be reflective of the results that the Company expects to generate in the future. Also, the tax treatment of certain items reflected in the Combined Financial Statements may not be reflected in the Consolidated Financial Statements and tax returns of BorgWarner.

NOTE 7     INVENTORIES
A summary of Inventories is presented below:
(in millions)
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Raw material and supplies$301 $275 
Work-in-progress38 39 
Finished goods179 145 
Inventories$518 $459 
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NOTE 8     OTHER CURRENT AND NON-CURRENT ASSETS
(in millions)June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Prepayments and other current assets:
Prepaid taxes$12 $11 
Customer return assets7 6 
Prepaid engineering5 3 
Derivative instruments4 7 
Deposits4 3 
Other16 10 
Total prepayments and other current assets$48 $40 
Investments and long-term receivables:
Investment in equity affiliates$49 $44 
Long-term receivables39 71 
Investment in equity securities4 2 
Total investments and long-term receivables$92 $117 
Other non-current assets:
Deferred income taxes$161 $157 
Operating leases67 80 
Other21 25 
Total other non-current assets$249 $262 

NOTE 9     GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLES
During the fourth quarter of each year, the Company assesses its goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets assigned to each of its reporting units. In addition, the Company may test goodwill in between annual test dates if an event occurs or circumstances change that could more-likely-than-not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying value. No events or circumstances were noted in the first six months of 2023 requiring additional assessment or testing. Future changes in the judgments, assumptions and estimates from those used in acquisition-related valuations and goodwill impairment testing, including discount rates or future operating results and related cash flow projections, could result in significantly different estimates of the fair values in the future. An increase in discount rates, a reduction in projected cash flows or a combination of the two could lead to a reduction in the estimated fair values, which may result in impairment charges that could materially affect the Company’s financial statements in any given year.
A summary of the components in the carrying amount of goodwill as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 is as follows:
(in millions)Fuel SystemsAftermarketTotal
Gross goodwill balance$58 $545 $603 
Accumulated impairment losses (113)(113)
Net goodwill balance$58 $432 $490 
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The Company’s other intangible assets, primarily from acquisitions, consist of the following:
June 30, 2023December 31, 2022
(in millions)Estimated useful lives (years)Gross carrying amountAccumulated amortizationNet carrying amountGross carrying amountAccumulated amortizationNet carrying amount
Amortized intangible assets:
Patented and unpatented technology
14 - 15
$144 $35 $109 $144 $30 $114 
Customer relationships
14 - 15
266 94 172 263 85 178 
Total amortized intangible assets410 129 281 407 115 292 
Unamortized trade names140 — 140 140 — 140 
Total other intangible assets$550 $129 $421 $547 $115 $432 

NOTE 10     PRODUCT WARRANTY
The Company provides warranties on some, but not all, of its products. The warranty terms are typically from one to three years. Provisions for estimated expenses related to product warranty are made at the time products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information about the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claim settlements as well as product manufacturing and industry developments and recoveries from third parties. Management actively studies trends of warranty claims and takes action to improve product quality and minimize warranty claims. Management believes that the warranty accrual is appropriate; however, in certain cases, initial customer claims exceed the amount accrued. The Company’s warranty provisions are primarily included in Cost of sales in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations. The product warranty accrual is allocated to current and non-current liabilities in the Condensed Combined Balance Sheets.
The following table summarizes the activity in the product warranty accrual accounts:
(in millions)20232022
Beginning balance, January 1$60 $68 
Adjustments of prior estimates 4 
Provisions for current period sales 20 19 
Payments(23)(22)
Other, primarily translation adjustment(1)(3)
Ending balance, June 30$56 $66 
The product warranty liability is classified in the Condensed Combined Balance Sheets as follows:
(in millions)June 30,
2023
December 31, 2022
Other current liabilities$29 $32 
Other non-current liabilities27 28 
Total product warranty liability$56 $60 

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NOTE 11     NOTES PAYABLE AND DEBT
As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had debt outstanding as follows:
(in millions)June 30,
2023
December 31, 2022
Long-term debt
5.000% Senior notes due 10/01/25 ($24 million par value)
$25 $26 
Other long-term debt 2 
Total long-term debt$25 $28 
Less: current portion  
Long-term debt, net of current portion$25 $28 
The following table provides details on Interest expense, net included in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations:
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Interest expense - related party$15 $5 $22 $10 
Interest expense3 2 5 3 
Interest income - related party(12)(2)(15)(4)
Interest income(2)(1)(5)(1)
Interest expense, net$4 $4 $7 $8 
As of both June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the estimated fair values of the Company’s senior unsecured notes totaled $23 million. The estimated fair value was $2 million and $3 million lower than carrying value at June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. Fair market values of the senior unsecured notes are developed using observable values for similar debt instruments, which are considered Level 2 inputs as defined by ASC Topic 820. The carrying values of the Company’s other debt facilities approximate fair value. The fair value estimates do not necessarily reflect the values the Company could realize in the current markets.
Credit Agreement
On July 3, 2023, the Company entered into a $1.225 billion Credit Agreement consisting of a $500 million revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Facility”), a $300 million term loan A facility (the “Term Loan A Facility”) and a $425 million term loan B facility (the “Term Loan B Facility”; together with the Revolving Facility and the Term Loan A Facility, collectively, the “Facilities”) in correlation with the Spin-Off that occurred on the same date. Subject to extension by the lenders, at their option, upon the Company’s request, the Facilities mature on July 3, 2028; provided, however, that if earlier, the Revolving Facility and the Term Loan A Facility will mature 91 calendar days prior to the scheduled maturity of the Term Loan B Facility or any refinancing or replacement thereof in an aggregate principal amount exceeding $100 million that is secured pari passu with the Revolving Facility and the Term Loan A Facility and matures on or prior to July 3, 2028.
Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at varying rates, depending on the type of loan and, in some cases, the rates of designated benchmarks and the Company’s related election. For borrowings under the Credit Agreement, the Company may choose among the following interest rates: (i) solely in the case of U.S. dollar-denominated loans, an interest rate equal to the highest of (1) the prime rate in effect from time to time, (2) the federal funds effective rate in effect from time to time plus 0.5%, (3) adjusted term Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) (which includes a 0.10% credit spread adjustment to term SOFR) for a one month interest period plus 1.00%, and (4) 1.00%, in each case plus a rate (x) with
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respect to the Revolving Facility and the Term Loan A Facility, ranging from 1.50% to 2.00% depending on the Company’s consolidated net leverage ratio or (y) with respect to the Term Loan B Facility, 3.00%; or (ii) an interest rate equal to (1) solely in the case of U.S. dollar-denominated loans, adjusted term SOFR, (2) solely in the case of euro-denominated loans, Euro Interbank Offered Rate (“EURIBOR”), or (3) solely in the case of pound sterling-denominated loans, adjusted Sterling Overnight Index Average Reference Rate (“SONIA”) (which includes a 0.0326% credit spread adjustment to SONIA), as applicable, in each case for the applicable interest period plus a rate (x) with respect to adjusted term SOFR for the Revolving Facility and the Term Loan A Facility, EURIBOR and SONIA, ranging from 2.50% to 3.00% depending on our consolidated net leverage ratio, and (y) with respect to adjusted term SOFR for the Term Loan B Facility, 4.00%. Additionally, the Company will pay a quarterly commitment fee based on the actual daily amount of the available Revolving Facility commitment.
Proceeds of the Term Loan A Facility and the Term Loan B Facility were used only for certain payments in connection with the Spin-Off and the Credit Agreement. Proceeds of the Revolving Facility were used for certain payments in connection with the Spin-Off and the Credit Agreement and for working capital and general corporate purposes. As of July 3, 2023, $75 million is outstanding under the Revolving Facility, $300 million is outstanding under the Term Loan A Facility and $425 million is outstanding under the Term Loan B Facility, totaling $800 million aggregate principal outstanding under the Facilities.
The Credit Agreement contains customary covenants relating to us and our subsidiaries concerning, among other things, investments, dispositions of assets, indebtedness, liens on assets, and dividends and other distributions. Solely in respect of the Revolving Facility and the Term Loan A Facility, the Credit Agreement also contains financial covenants requiring (i) the consolidated net leverage ratio of the Company, determined as of the end of each fiscal quarter, not to exceed 3.00 to 1.00 (or, at our election and subject to certain conditions, 3.50 to 1.00 for the period in which such election is made and the next succeeding testing period and, thereafter, 3.25 to 1.00 for the next two succeeding testing periods) and (ii) the consolidated interest coverage ratio of the Company, determined as of the end of each fiscal quarter, to be at least 3.00 to 1.00.
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NOTE 12     OTHER CURRENT AND NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES
Additional detail related to liabilities is presented in the table below:
(in millions)June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Other current liabilities:
Customer related$96 $96 
Payroll and employee related72 81 
Income taxes payable41 28 
Product warranties (Note 10)29 32 
Accrued freight17 13 
Operating leases16 18 
Employee termination benefits (Note 3)11 16 
Deferred engineering9 17 
Other79 84 
Total other current liabilities$370 $385 
Other non-current liabilities:
Deferred income taxes$55 $46 
Operating leases54 67 
Uncertain tax positions29 37 
Product warranties (Note 10)27 28 
Other14 19 
Total other non-current liabilities$179 $197 

NOTE 13     FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
ASC Topic 820 emphasizes that fair value is a market-based measurement, not an entity-specific measurement. Therefore, a fair value measurement should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. As a basis for considering market participant assumptions in fair value measurements, ASC Topic 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair values as follows:
Level 1:Observable inputs such as quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets;
Level 2:Inputs, other than quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3:Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.
Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are based on one or more of the following three valuation techniques noted in ASC Topic 820:
A.Market approach: Prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets, liabilities or a group of assets or liabilities, such as a business.
B.Cost approach: Amount that would be required to replace the service capacity of an asset (replacement cost).
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C.Income approach: Techniques to convert future amounts to a single present amount based upon market expectations (including present value techniques, option-pricing and excess earnings models).
The following tables classify assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022:
Basis of fair value measurements
(in millions)Balance at June 30, 2023Quoted prices in active markets for identical items
(Level 1)
Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2)
Significant unobservable inputs
(Level 3)
Valuation
Technique
Assets:
Foreign currency contracts$4 $ $4 $ A
Liabilities:
Foreign currency contracts$(2)$ $(2)$ A
Basis of fair value measurements
(in millions)Balance at December 31, 2022Quoted prices in active markets for identical items
(Level 1)
Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2)
Significant unobservable inputs
(Level 3)
Valuation
Technique
Assets:
Foreign currency contracts$7 $ $7 $ A
Liabilities:
Foreign currency contracts$(1)$ $(1)$ A
NOTE 14     FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The Company’s financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities and accounts receivable. Due to the short-term nature of these instruments, their book value approximates their fair value. The Company’s financial instruments may include long-term debt, interest rate and cross-currency swaps, commodity derivative contracts and foreign currency derivative contracts. All derivative contracts are placed with counterparties that have an S&P, or equivalent, investment grade credit rating at the time of the contracts’ placement. An adjustment for non-performance risk is considered in the estimate of fair value in derivative assets based on the counterparty credit default swap (“CDS”) rate. When the Company is in a net derivative liability position, the non-performance risk adjustment is based on its CDS rate. At June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had no derivative contracts that contained credit-risk-related contingent features.
The Company, at times, uses certain commodity derivative contracts to protect against commodity price changes related to forecasted raw material and component purchases. The Company had no outstanding commodity contracts at June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.
The Company manages its interest rate risk by balancing its exposure to fixed and variable rates while attempting to optimize its interest costs. The Company, at times, selectively uses interest rate swaps to reduce market value risk associated with changes in interest rates (fair value hedges and cash flow hedges). At June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had no outstanding interest rate swaps or options.
The Company uses foreign currency forward and option contracts to protect against exchange rate movements for forecasted cash flows, including capital expenditures, purchases, operating expenses or sales transactions designated in currencies other than the functional currency of the operating unit. In addition, the Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge exposure associated with its net
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investment in certain foreign operations (net investment hedges). Foreign currency derivative contracts require the Company, at a future date, to either buy or sell foreign currency in exchange for the operating units’ local currency. At June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the following foreign currency derivative contracts were outstanding and mature through the ending duration noted below:
Foreign currency derivatives (in millions)1
Functional currencyTraded currencyNotional in traded currency June 30, 2023Notional in traded currency December 31, 2022Ending duration
Chinese RenminbiBritish Pound13 23 Dec-23
Chinese RenminbiEuro27 39 Dec-23
EuroBritish Pound32 54 Dec-23
EuroPolish Zloty 49 — 
EuroU.S. Dollar 19 — 
U.S. DollarMexico Peso 992 — 
U.S. DollarBritish Pound8 17 Dec-23
U.S. DollarThailand Baht 1,790 — 
_____________
(1)Table above excludes non-significant traded currency pairings with total notional amounts less than $10 million U.S. Dollar equivalent as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.
At June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the following amounts were recorded in the Condensed Combined Balance Sheets as being payable to or receivable from counterparties under ASC Topic 815:
(in millions)AssetsLiabilities
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments Under Topic 815:Balance Sheet LocationJune 30, 2023December 31, 2022Balance Sheet LocationJune 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Foreign currencyPrepayments and other current assets$4 $7 Other current liabilities$2 $1 
Effectiveness for cash flow hedges is assessed at the inception of the hedging relationship and quarterly, thereafter. Gains and losses arising from these contracts that are included in the assessment of effectiveness are deferred into accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”) and reclassified into income as the underlying operating transactions are recognized. These realized gains or losses offset the hedged transaction and are recorded on the same line in the statement of operations. The initial value of any component excluded from the assessment of effectiveness is recognized in income using a systematic and rational method over the life of the hedging instrument. Any difference between the change in fair value of the excluded component and amounts recognized in income under that systematic and rational method are recognized in AOCI.
Effectiveness for net investment hedges is assessed at the inception of the hedging relationship and quarterly, thereafter. Gains and losses arising from these contracts that are included in the assessment of effectiveness are deferred into foreign currency translation adjustments and only released when the subsidiary being hedged is sold or substantially liquidated. The initial value of any component excluded from the assessment of effectiveness is recognized in income using a systematic and rational method over the life of the hedging instrument. Any difference between the change in fair value of the excluded component and amounts recognized in income under that systematic and rational method is recognized in AOCI.
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The table below shows deferred gains (losses) reported in AOCI as well as the amount expected to be reclassified to income in one year or less for designated net investment hedges. The amount expected to be reclassified to income in one year or less assumes no change in the current relationship of the hedged item at June 30, 2023 market rates.
(in millions)Deferred loss in AOCI atGain (loss) expected to be reclassified to income in one year or less
Contract TypeJune 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Foreign currency$(7)$(4)$ 
Derivative instruments designated as hedging instruments as defined by ASC Topic 815 held during the period resulted in the following gains and losses recorded in income:
Three months ended June 30, 2023
(in millions)Net salesCost of salesSelling, general and administrative expensesOther comprehensive income (loss)
Total amounts of earnings and other comprehensive income line items in which the effects of cash flow hedges are recorded$887 $698 $103 $6 
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships:
Foreign currency
Loss recognized in Other comprehensive income (loss)$ $ $ $(4)
Six months ended June 30, 2023
(in millions)Net salesCost of salesSelling, general and administrative expensesOther comprehensive income (loss)
Total amounts of earnings and other comprehensive income line items in which the effects of cash flow hedges are recorded$1,722 $1,361 $202 $27 
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships:
Foreign currency
Loss recognized in Other comprehensive income$ $ $ $(2)
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Three months ended June 30, 2022
(in millions)Net salesCost of salesSelling, general and administrative expensesOther comprehensive income (loss)
Total amounts of earnings and other comprehensive income line items in which the effects of cash flow hedges are recorded$796 $638 $101 $(88)
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships:
Foreign currency
Gain recognized in Other comprehensive loss$ $ $ $2 
Six months ended June 30, 2022
(in millions)Net salesCost of salesSelling, general and administrative expensesOther comprehensive income (loss)
Total amounts of earnings and other comprehensive income line items in which the effects of cash flow hedges are recorded$1,638 $1,306 $201 $(93)
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships:
Foreign currency
Gain recognized in Other comprehensive income (loss)$ $ $ $1 
The gains or losses recorded in income related to components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness for derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges were immaterial for the periods presented.
Gains and losses on derivative instruments designated as net investment hedges were immaterial for the periods presented.
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments are used to hedge remeasurement exposures of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the operating units' functional currency. These derivatives resulted in the following gains (losses) recorded in income:
(in millions)Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
Contract TypeLocation2023202220232022
Foreign CurrencyCost of sales$2 $(2)$4 $(3)
NOTE 15     RETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS
BorgWarner sponsors various defined contribution savings plans, primarily in the U.S., that allow employees to contribute a portion of their pre-tax and/or after-tax income in accordance with plan specified guidelines. Certain of the Company’s employees participate in defined benefit pension plans sponsored in part by BorgWarner. Under specified conditions, the Company will make contributions to the plans and/or match a percentage of the employee contributions up to certain limits. The estimated contributions to the defined benefit pension plans for 2023 are up to $3 million, of which $2 million has been contributed through the first six months of the year.
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The components of net periodic benefit income recorded in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations are as follows:
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
(in millions)2023202220232022
Service cost$1 $ $1 $ 
Interest cost11 6 21 12 
Expected return on plan assets(11)(14)(21)(29)
Amortization of unrecognized loss(1) (1) 
Net periodic benefit income$ $(8)$ $(17)
The components of net periodic benefit cost are included in Other postretirement income in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations.
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NOTE 16     STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
The changes of the Stockholders’ Equity items during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, are as follows:
(in millions)BorgWarner investmentAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)Noncontrolling interestTotal equity
Balance, March 31, 2023$1,859 $(67)$— $1,792 
Net earnings35 — — 35 
Other comprehensive income— 6 — 6 
Net transfers from BorgWarner159 — — 159 
Balance, June 30, 2023$2,053 $(61)$— $1,992 
(in millions)BorgWarner investmentAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)Noncontrolling interestTotal equity
Balance, March 31, 2022$1,767 $57 $— $1,824 
Net earnings41 — — 41 
Other comprehensive loss— (88)— (88)
Net transfers to BorgWarner(53)— — (53)
Balance, June 30, 2022$1,755 $(31)$— $1,724 
(in millions)BorgWarner investmentAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)Noncontrolling interestTotal equity
Balance, December 31, 2022$1,731 $(88)$— $1,643 
Net earnings70 — — 70 
Other comprehensive income— 27 — 27 
Net transfers from BorgWarner252 — — 252 
Balance, June 30, 2023$2,053 $(61)$— $1,992 
(in millions)BorgWarner investmentAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)Noncontrolling interestTotal equity
Balance, December 31, 2021$1,647 $62 $3 $1,712 
Net earnings98 — 98 
Other comprehensive loss— (93)— (93)
Purchase of noncontrolling interest— — (3)(3)
Net transfers from BorgWarner10 — — 10 
Balance, June 30, 2022$1,755 $(31)$ $1,724 
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NOTE 17     ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
The following tables summarizes the activity within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss):
(in millions)Foreign currency translation adjustmentsDefined benefit pension plansHedge instrumentsTotal
Beginning balance, March 31, 2023$(65)$(7)$5 $(67)
Comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
10  (4)6 
Ending Balance, June 30, 2023$(55)$(7)$1 $(61)
(in millions)Foreign currency translation adjustmentsDefined benefit pension plansHedge instrumentsTotal
Beginning balance, March 31, 2022$2 $58 $(3)$57 
Comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
(84)(8)2 (90)
Income taxes associated with comprehensive income before reclassifications
 2  2 
Ending Balance, June 30, 2022$(82)$52 $(1)$(31)
(in millions)Foreign currency translation adjustmentsDefined benefit pension plansHedge instrumentsTotal
Beginning Balance, December 31, 2022$(85)$(6)$3 $(88)
Comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
30 (1)(2)27 
Ending Balance, June 30, 2023$(55)$(7)$1 $(61)
(in millions)Foreign currency translation adjustmentsDefined benefit pension plansHedge instrumentsTotal
Beginning Balance, December 31, 2021$5 $59 $(2)$62 
Comprehensive loss before reclassifications(87)(9)1 (95)
Income taxes associated with comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications 2  2 
Ending Balance, June 30, 2022$(82)$52 $(1)$(31)
NOTE 18     CONTINGENCIES
In the course of its business, the Company is party to various commercial and legal claims, actions and complaints, including matters involving warranty claims, intellectual property claims, governmental investigations and related proceedings, including relating to alleged or actual violations of vehicle emissions standards, general liability and various other risks. It is not possible to predict with certainty whether or not the Company will ultimately be successful in any of these commercial and legal matters or, if not, what the impact might be. The Company’s management does not believe that adverse outcomes in any of these commercial and legal claims, actions and complaints are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial position or cash flows. An adverse outcome could, nonetheless, be material to the results of operations or cash flows.
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NOTE 19     RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS
The Condensed Combined Financial Statements have been prepared on a carve-out basis and are derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of BorgWarner. The following discussion summarizes activity between the Company and BorgWarner (and its affiliates that are not included within the Condensed Combined Financial Statements).
Allocation of General Corporate and Other Expenses
The Condensed Combined Statements of Operations include expenses for certain centralized functions and other programs provided and administered by BorgWarner that are charged directly to the Company. In addition, for purposes of preparing these Condensed Combined Financial Statements on a carve-out basis, a portion of BorgWarner’s total corporate expenses has been allocated to the Company. Similarly, certain centralized expenses incurred by the Company on behalf of subsidiaries of BorgWarner have been allocated to BorgWarner. See Note 1, “Basis Of Presentation,” for a discussion of the methodology used to allocate corporate expenses for purposes of preparing these financial statements on a carve-out basis.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, net corporate allocation expenses totaled $54 million and $89 million, respectively, which were primarily included in Selling, general and administrative expenses in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 net corporate allocation expenses totaled $39 million and $69 million, respectively, which were primarily included in Selling, general and administrative expenses in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations.
Related-Party Sales and Purchases
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company sold components to other BorgWarner businesses in the amount of $4 million and $6 million, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company sold components to other BorgWarner businesses in the amount of $2 million and $5 million, respectively. Components sold to other BorgWarner businesses are included in Net sales in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations.
The Company purchases certain component inventory and services from businesses that will remain with BorgWarner. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company made $35 million and $72 million, respectively, of such purchases and recognized cost of sales of $34 million and $71 million, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company made $49 million and $85 million, respectively, of such purchases and recognized cost of sales of $41 million and $84 million, respectively.
Related-Party Royalty Income
The Company participates in royalty arrangements with other BorgWarner businesses which involves the licensing of the Delphi Technologies trade name and product-related intellectual properties. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company recognized royalty income from other BorgWarner businesses in the amount of $12 million and $17 million, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized royalty income from other BorgWarner businesses in the amount of $6 million and $13 million, respectively. It is anticipated that these royalty arrangements will not continue after the Spin-Off is completed. Amounts are included in Other operating expense, net in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations.
Related-Party R&D
The Company provides application testing and other R&D services for other BorgWarner businesses. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company recognized income related to these services of $1 million and $2 million, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the
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Company recognized income related to these services of $4 million and $6 million, respectively. Amounts are included in Other operating expense, net in the Condensed Combined Statements of Operations.
Due from BorgWarner
The current and non-current portions of amounts due from BorgWarner as reflected in the Condensed Combined Balance Sheets consist of the following:
June 30,December 31,
(in millions)20232022
Accounts receivable$64 $106 
Short-term portion of loans receivable and other facilities 36 
Due from BorgWarner, current$64 $142 
Long-term receivable$40 $ 
Cash pooling6 168 
Loans receivable 40 
Due from BorgWarner, non-current$46 $208 
In 2018, the Company and BorgWarner entered into a credit facility providing BorgWarner with access to borrow up to €40 million ($43 million). Interest on the credit facility is fixed at 0.65%, paid quarterly. On October 1, 2022, the credit facility was refinanced and the interest rate was amended to 3.69%. As of December 31, 2022, BorgWarner had drawn $40 million on the credit facility. The credit facility was set to mature in September 2024, however, in February 2023, the Company and BorgWarner made the decision to settle the loan early and the entire facility was converted to equity.
In 2021, the Company issued a Thai Bhat-denominated term loan to BorgWarner for ฿1,720 million ($92 million). Interest on the term loan was fixed at 1.70%, paid annually. As of December 31, 2022, the outstanding balance of the term loan was $36 million. The term loan matured on May 14, 2023.
In 2022, the Company issued a credit facility to BorgWarner for up to $150 million. Interest on the credit facility was fixed at 6.64%, paid annually. As of June 30, 2023, there is no outstanding balance related to the credit facility.
Certain BorgWarner entities participate in cash pooling arrangements headed by the Company. Additionally, the Company participates in certain cash pools headed by BorgWarner. Any balances owed to the Company from BorgWarner as a result of these cash arrangements that are anticipated to be settled in cash are reflected as Due from BorgWarner. Certain other cash pooling balances that are not anticipated to be settled in cash are presented within BorgWarner investment.
Due to BorgWarner
The current and non-current portions of amounts due to BorgWarner as reflected in the Condensed Combined Balance Sheets consist of the following:
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June 30,December 31,
(in millions)20232022
Accounts payable$99 $186 
Short-term portion of notes payable and other facilities 94 
Accrued interest payable 5 
Due to BorgWarner, current$99 $285 
Notes payable$634 $921 
Cash pooling9 36 
Due to BorgWarner, non-current$643 $957 
In 2020, the Company, as borrower, entered into a term loan with BorgWarner, as lender, in the amount of $891 million in exchange for the transfer of the majority of the 5.000% Senior Notes due 2025. Interest on the term loan was fixed at 3.25%, paid annually. In 2021, this loan was refinanced with two new loan tranches, including $30 million of accrued unpaid interest on the original term loan. The first tranche of $368 million has a fixed annual interest rate of 1.40% and matures on October 3, 2024. The second tranche of $553 million has a fixed annual interest rate of 2.20% and matures on October 3, 2029. As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the outstanding balance of the term loan for the first and second tranches was $634 million and $921 million, respectively. In June 2023, the Company and BorgWarner made the decision to settle $287 million of the balance in equity prior to the Spin-Off. This is presented as a net transfer to BorgWarner in the Condensed Combined Statement of Cash Flows as of June 30, 2023. The remaining balance was settled in cash in connection with the Spin-Off.

Throughout 2023 and 2022, the Company, as borrower, and BorgWarner, as lender, entered into various interest-bearing notes, primarily arising from operating relationships between international entities. As of December 31, 2022, the outstanding balance from these facilities totaled $94 million, which is reflected as Due to BorgWarner, current.
As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the estimated fair value of the Company's non-current notes payable due to BorgWarner, as described above, was $489 million and $738 million, respectively. The estimated fair values were $145 million and $183 million lower than carrying values at June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. Fair market values of the non-current notes payable due to BorgWarner are developed using unobservable inputs, which are considered Level 3 inputs as defined by ASC Topic 820. The carrying values of the Company’s current notes payable due to BorgWarner approximate fair value. The fair value estimates do not necessarily reflect the values the Company could realize in the current markets.
Additionally, the Company participates in certain cash pools headed by BorgWarner. Any balances owed by the Company to BorgWarner as a result of these cash arrangements that are anticipated to be settled in cash are reflected as Due to BorgWarner. Certain other cash pooling balances that are not anticipated to be settled in cash are presented within BorgWarner investment.
The Company and BorgWarner have entered into certain intra-group arrangements. Activity associated with these arrangements is included within general financing activities in Net transfers from (to) BorgWarner in the Condensed Combined Statements of Changes in Equity. Amounts owed to BorgWarner as a result of such arrangements are reflected as payables within Due to BorgWarner, current. Amounts owed to the Company from BorgWarner under these arrangements are reflected as receivables within Due from BorgWarner, current.
Net Transfers from (to) BorgWarner
Net transfers from (to) BorgWarner are included within BorgWarner investment in the Condensed Combined Statements of Changes in Equity. The components of the transfers from (to) BorgWarner are as follows:
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Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)20232022
General financing activities$(63)$(104)
Cash pooling and other equity settled balances with BorgWarner(32)51 
Related-party notes converted to equity260  
Corporate allocations89 69 
Research and development income from BorgWarner(2)(6)
Total net transfers from BorgWarner$252 $10 
Exclude non-cash items:
Stock-based compensation$(4)$(5)
Other non-cash activities with BorgWarner, net15 (17)
Related-party notes converted to equity(260) 
Cash pooling and intercompany financing activities with BorgWarner, net55 9 
Total net transfers from (to) BorgWarner per Condensed Combined Statements of Cash Flow$58 $(3)

NOTE 20     REPORTABLE SEGMENTS AND RELATED INFORMATION
The Company’s business is comprised of two reportable segments, which are further described below. These segments are strategic business groups, which are managed separately as each represents a specific grouping of related automotive components and systems.
Fuel Systems. This segment provides advanced fuel injection systems, fuel delivery modules, canisters, sensors, electronic control modules and associated software. Our highly engineered fuel injection systems portfolio includes pumps, injectors, fuel rail assemblies, engine control modules, and complete systems, including software and calibration services, that reduce emissions and improve fuel economy for traditional and hybrid applications.
Aftermarket. Through this segment, the Company sells products to independent aftermarket customers and OES customers. Its product portfolio includes a wide range of products as well as maintenance, test equipment and vehicle diagnostics solutions. The Aftermarket segment also includes sales of starters and alternators to OEMs.
Segment Adjusted Operating Income is the measure of segment income or loss used by the Company. Segment Adjusted Operating Income is comprised of segment operating income adjusted for restructuring, merger, acquisition and divestiture expense, intangible asset amortization expense, impairment charges, other net expenses and other items not reflective of ongoing operating income or loss. The Company believes Segment Adjusted Operating Income is most reflective of the operational profitability or loss of its reportable segments. Segment Adjusted Operating Income excludes certain corporate costs, which primarily represent corporate expenses not directly attributable to the individual segments.
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The following tables show segment information and Segment Adjusted Operating Income for the Company’s reportable segments:
Net Sales by Reportable Segment
Three months ended June 30, 2023Six months ended June 30, 2023
(in millions)CustomersInter-segmentNetCustomersInter-segmentNet
Fuel Systems$551 $56 $607 $1,060 $114 $1,174 
Aftermarket336 3 339 662 7 669 
Inter-segment eliminations— (59)(59)— (121)(121)
Total$887 $— $887 $1,722