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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 20-F
(Mark One)
    REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
    ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.
OR
    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
    SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Date of event requiring this shell company report ____________
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission file number 001-41465

SEMANTIX, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
N/A
(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)
Cayman Islands 
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
Avenida Eusébio Matoso, 1375, 10º andar 
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, 05423-2656 

(Address of principal executive offices)
Adriano Alcalde, Chief Financial Officer,
Tel: +55 11 5082-2656
adriano.alcalde@semantix.ai 
Avenida Eusébio Matoso, 1375, 10º andar 
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, 05423-2656 

(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile number
and Address of Company Contact Person)

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class:
Trading Symbols
Name of each exchange on which registered:
Ordinary sharesSTIXThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
WarrantsSTIXWThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act.
None
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act.
None


Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report.
The number of outstanding shares as of December 31, 2022 was 80,380,061 ordinary shares and 18,499,984 warrants.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Yes ☐    No ☒
If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
Yes ☐    No ☒
Note – Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes ☒    No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes ☒    No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ☐ 
Accelerated filer  ☐ 
Non-accelerated filer  ☒ 
Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    
† The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.    
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.    ☐
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).    ☐
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:
U.S. GAAP  ☐ 
International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board ☒
Other ☐
If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.
Item 17  ☐    Item 18  ☐ .
If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ☐    No ☒

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
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PART I
TOC
i
FORM 20-F

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
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PART II
PART III
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ii
FORM 20-F

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PART I
INTRODUCTION
Forward-Looking Statements
This annual report contains a number of forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this annual report, including statements regarding our future financial position, results of operations, business strategy and plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Any statements that refer to projections, forecasts or other characterizations of future events or circumstances, including any underlying assumptions, are also forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by words such as “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “forecast,” “intend,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “seek,” “strategy,” “future,” “opportunity,” “may,” “target,” “should,” “will,” “would,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” or similar expressions that predict or indicate future events or trends or that are not statements of historical matters.
Forward-looking statements include, without limitation, our expectations concerning the outlook for our business, productivity, plans and goals for future operational improvements and capital investments, operational performance, future market conditions or economic performance and developments in the capital and credit markets and expected future financial performance, as well as any information concerning possible or assumed future results of operations of the Company. Forward-looking statements also include statements regarding the expected benefits of the Business Combination.
The forward-looking statements are based on the current expectations of our management and are inherently subject to uncertainties and changes in circumstance and their potential effects and speak only as of the date of such statement. There can be no assurance that future developments will be those that have been anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties or other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those factors described in “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors,” those discussed and identified in public filings we made with the SEC and the following important factors:
geopolitical risk, particularly in Brazil and the other jurisdictions in which we operate and sell our products including, among other factors, political tensions in Brazil in the aftermath of the 2022 presidential elections and global impacts of the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine;
changes in applicable laws or regulations;
the possibility that we may be adversely affected by other economic factors, particularly in Brazil;
business and/or competitive factors;
our estimates of our financial performance and ability to execute our business strategy;
the impact of natural disasters or health epidemics/pandemics, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the demand for our data solutions and services;
our ability to attract and retain customers for our proprietary data solutions and expand this line of business in accordance with expectations or at all;
operational risk;
risks related to data security and privacy;
the ability to implement business plans, growth strategy and other expectations;
unexpected costs or expenses;
litigation and regulatory enforcement risks, including the diversion of management time and attention and the additional costs and demands on our resources, including potential litigation regarding the Business Combination; and
fluctuations in exchange rates between the Brazilian real, the Colombian peso, the Mexican peso and the U.S. dollar.
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Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of the assumptions made by our management prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements.
We caution you against placing undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect current beliefs and are based on information currently available as of the date a forward-looking statement is made. Forward-looking statements set forth herein speak only as of the date of this annual report. We do not undertake any obligation to revise forward-looking statements to reflect future events, changes in circumstances, or changes in beliefs. In the event that any forward-looking statement is updated, no inference should be made that we will make additional updates with respect to that statement, related matters, or any other forward-looking statements. Any corrections or revisions and other important assumptions and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements, including discussions of significant risk factors, may appear in our public filings with the SEC, which will be accessible at www.sec.gov, and which you are advised to consult.
Certain Definitions
Throughout this annual report, unless otherwise indicated or the context requires otherwise, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “the Company” and “our company” refer to Semantix, Inc. and its subsidiaries and consolidated affiliated entities, which prior to the Business Combination was the business of Semantix Tecnologia em Sistema de Informação S.A. and its subsidiaries and consolidated affiliated entities. References to “Semantix” mean Semantix Tecnologia em Sistema de Informação S.A. and its consolidated subsidiaries and consolidated affiliated entities, and references to “the Registrant” mean Semantix, Inc. Unless the context requires otherwise, all references to “our financial statements” mean the financial statements of the Registrant included herein.
The term “Brazil” refers to the Federative Republic of Brazil and the phrase “Brazilian government” refers to the federal government of Brazil. “Central Bank” refers to the Brazilian Central Bank (Banco Central do Brasil). References in the annual report to “real,” “reais” or “R$” refer to the Brazilian real, the official currency of Brazil and references to “U.S. dollar,” “U.S. dollars” or “US$” refer to U.S. dollars, the official currency of the United States.
Unless otherwise stated or unless the context otherwise requires in this document:
“2021 Plan” means the Stock Option Plan of Semantix.
“2022 Plan” means the 2022 Omnibus Incentive Plan.
“AI” means artificial intelligence.
“Alpha” means Alpha Capital Acquisition Company, an exempted company incorporated with limited liability in the Cayman Islands and special purpose acquisition company (SPAC).
“Alpha Class A Ordinary Shares” means Alpha’s Class A ordinary shares, par value $0.0001 per share.
“Alpha Class B Ordinary Shares” means Alpha’s Class B ordinary shares, par value $0.0001 per share.
“Articles” means our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association.
“A&R Registration Rights Agreement” means the Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement, entered into by the Registrant, the Sponsor and certain persons named therein at the consummation of the Business Combination, pursuant to which that certain Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of February 18, 2021, was amended and restated in its entirety, as of the Closing.
“Business Combination” means the Mergers and the other transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, collectively, including the PIPE Financing.
“Business Combination Agreement” means the Business Combination Agreement, dated as of November 16, 2021, as amended on April 13, 2022 and August 1, 2022, by and among the Registrant, Alpha, each of the Merger Subs and Semantix.
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“Central Bank” means the Banco Central do Brasil, or Brazilian Central Bank.
“Closing” means the consummation of the Business Combination.
“Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
“Companies Act” means the Companies Act (As Revised) of the Cayman Islands.
“COVID-19” or the “COVID-19 pandemic” means SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19, and any evolutions or mutations thereof
“Crescera” means Crescera Growth Capital Master Semantix Fundo de Investimento em Participações Multiestratégia, an investment fund organized under the laws of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
“Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
“First Effective Time” means the time at which the First Merger became effective.
“First Merger” means the merger of First Merger Sub with and into Alpha pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, with Alpha surviving as a directly wholly owned subsidiary of the Registrant.
“First Merger Sub” means Alpha Merger Sub I Company, a Cayman Islands exempted company and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of the Registrant prior to the consummation of the Business Combination.
“Founders” means, collectively, DDT Investments Ltd., a BVI business company incorporated in the British Virgin Islands, Cumorah Group Ltd., a BVI business company incorporated in the British Virgin Islands, ETZ Chaim Investments Ltd., a BVI business company incorporated in the British Virgin Islands, being the founders of Semantix.
“IFRS” means International Financial Reporting Standards, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board.
“Innova” means Innova Capital SPAC, LP, an exempted limited partnership registered in and formed under the laws of the Cayman Islands.
“Inovabra” means Fundo de Investimento em Partipações Multiestratégia Inovabra I—Investimento no Exterior, an investment fund organized under the laws of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
“Investment Company Act” means the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.
“JOBS Act” means the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, as amended.
“LinkAPI” means LinkAPI Tecnologia S.A. a company that Semantix acquired in two tranches, the first on December 21, 2020 and, the second, in June 2021.
“management” or our “management team” means our officers and senior executives.
“Mergers” means the First Merger, Second Merger and Third Merger.
“Merger Subs” means the First Merger Sub, Second Merger Sub and Third Merger Sub.
“Nasdaq” means The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC.
“Newco” means the exempted company incorporated with limited liability in the Cayman Islands for the purposes of the Business Combination, which is currently named Semantix AI Ltd.
“Newco Ordinary Shares” means the ordinary shares, par value $0.001 per share, of Newco.
“Ordinary Shares” means the ordinary shares, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company.
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“Options” means the options to purchase Ordinary Shares.
“PCAOB” means the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.
“PIPE Financing” means the series of transactions pursuant to which the PIPE Investors collectively purchased an aggregate an aggregate of 9,364,500 Alpha Class A Ordinary Shares at a price of $10.00 per share, for aggregate gross proceeds of $93,645,000, consummated in connection with the Closing. Such subscribed shares were converted into Ordinary Shares in connection with the Business Combination.
“PIPE Investors” means the investors participating in the PIPE Financing, collectively.
“Private Warrants” means the 7,000,000 private placement warrants (all of which are held by the Sponsor and its current beneficial owners) issued by us in exchange for an equal number of private placement warrants issued by Alpha and held by the Sponsor that were outstanding immediately prior to the First Effective Time.
“Public Warrants” means the 11,499,984 public warrants issued by us in exchange for 11,500,000 public warrants issued by Alpha that were outstanding immediately prior to the First Effective Time.
“SDP” means the Semantix Data Platform, our proprietary data platform.
“SEC” means the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
“Second Effective Time” means the time at which the Second Merger became effective.
“Second Merger” means the merger of Second Merger Sub with and into Alpha pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, with Second Merger Sub surviving as a directly wholly owned subsidiary of the Registrant.
“Second Merger Sub” means Alpha Merger Sub II Company, a Cayman Islands exempted company and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of the Registrant prior to the consummation of the Business Combination, which is currently named Semantix SPAC Surviving Sub, Ltd.
“Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
“Semantix Earn-Out Shares” means up to 2,500,000 earn-out Ordinary Shares issuable to certain Semantix shareholders.
“Semantix Options” means the outstanding and unexercised options to purchase Semantix Class A preferred shares issued pursuant to the 2021 Plan of Semantix, whether or not then vested or fully exercisable.
“Semantix Original Shareholders” (i) means the former holders of Semantix Shares and current holders of our Ordinary Shares and (ii) includes DDT Investments Ltd., Cumorah Group Ltd., ETZ Chaim Investments Ltd., Fundo de Investimento em Participações Multiestratégia Inovabra I—Investimento no Exterior and Crescera Growth Capital Master Semantix Fundo de Investimento em Participações Multiestratégia.
“Semantix Shares” means the Semantix ordinary shares and the Semantix preferred shares, taken together or individually, as indicated by the context in which such term is used.
“Sponsor” means Alpha Capital Sponsor LLC, a Cayman Islands limited liability company.
“Sponsor Letter Agreement” means the letter agreement, dated as of November 16, 2021, by and among Sponsor, Alpha and Semantix pursuant to which the Sponsor agreed to vote all of its Founder Shares in favor of the Business Combination and related transactions and to take certain other actions in support of the Business Combination Agreement and related transactions.
“Third Effective Time” means the time at which the Third Merger became effective.
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“Third Merger” means the merger of Third Merger Sub with and into Newco pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, with Newco surviving as a directly wholly owned subsidiary of the Registrant.
“Third Merger Sub” means Alpha Merger Sub III Company, a Cayman Islands exempted company and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of the Company prior to the consummation of the Business Combination.
“Tradimus” means Tradimus Consultoria e Serviços em T.I. Ltda., later changed to Tradimus S.A.
“Unvested Semantix Options” means each unvested Semantix Option.
“Vested Semantix Options” means each vested Semantix Option.
“Warrants” means the 18,499,984 warrants issued by us, consisting of 11,499,984 Public Warrants and 7,000,000 Private Warrants, each of which is exercisable for one Ordinary Share at an exercise price of $11.50.
“Warrant Agreement” means the warrant agreement governing our outstanding Warrants.
“Zetta” means Zetta Health Analytics S.A., a SaaS data solutions provider focused on the healthcare sector that we acquired in August 2022.
Financial Information
The Registrant was incorporated on November 8, 2021 as a Cayman Islands exempted company with limited liability duly registered with the Cayman Islands Registrar of Companies for the purpose of effecting the Business Combination. Prior to the Business Combination, the Registrant had limited or no assets, operations or activities. On August 3, 2022, we completed the Business Combination, and the Registrant became the holding entity of Semantix.
The historical operations of Semantix are deemed to be those of the Registrant. Thus, the financial statements included in this annual report reflect (i) the historical operating results of Semantix prior to the Closing of the Business Combination and (ii) the consolidated results of the Registrant and Semantix as of December 31, 2022 and for the period following the Closing of the Business Combination. The audited consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2022 and 2021 and for the three years in the period ended December 31, 2022, included in this annual report have been prepared in accordance with IFRS as issued by IASB, which we refer to as our financial statements.
Certain amounts and percentages included in this annual report have been rounded for ease of presentation. Percentage figures included in this annual report have not been calculated in all cases on the basis of the rounded figures but on the basis of the original amounts prior to rounding. For this reason, certain percentage amounts in this annual report may vary from those obtained by performing the same calculations using the figures in our audited consolidated financial statements. The tables included in this annual report may not total due to rounding.
Special Note Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This annual report presents our EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin. EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin are non-GAAP financial measures. A non-GAAP financial measure is generally defined as a numerical measure of historical or future financial performance, financial position, or cash flow that excludes or includes amounts that would not be adjusted in the most comparable GAAP measure.
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We use these non-GAAP financial measures for decision-making purposes and to assess our financial and operating performance, generate future operating plans and make strategic decisions regarding the allocation of capital. We believe that the disclosure of our non-GAAP measures provides useful supplemental information to investors and financial analysts and other interested parties in their review of our operating performance. Additionally, we believe that non-GAAP financial information, when taken collectively, may be helpful to investors because it provides consistency and comparability with past financial performance and facilitates period-to-period comparisons of results of operations. The non-GAAP financial measures described in this annual report are not a substitute for the IFRS measures of earnings. Additionally, our calculations of EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin may be different from the calculation used by other companies, including our competitors in the industry, and therefore, our measures may not be comparable to those of other companies. For a reconciliation of EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin to the most directly comparable IFRS measure, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—Non-GAAP Financial Measures—Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
EBITDA
We calculate EBITDA as loss for the year plus net interest income (expenses), plus income tax plus depreciation and amortization. EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure. Our calculation of EBITDA may be different from the calculation used by other companies, including our competitors in the industry, and therefore, our measures may not be comparable to those of other companies. For further information, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—Non-GAAP Financial Measures—Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
Adjusted EBITDA
We calculate Adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA excluding the impacts of certain events that we believe are isolated in nature incurred as part of our recent expansion and, Business Combination and, therefore, not reflective of our underlying performance, including (i) in 2021 and 2020 isolated research expenses incurred in connection with the redesign and relaunch of our proprietary data platform with the purpose of enhancing its functionality, (ii) in 2021, non-cash expenses recorded under provisions relating to the early termination by a single client of a three-year contract to purchase third-party software in the early phases of our U.S. operations, with such amount corresponding to our ongoing payment obligations under an onerous contract with the third-party software supplier despite the early termination of the resale contract by our client, (iii) in 2022 and 2021, concentrated expenses of an extraordinary nature related to third-party advisory, support services, travelling and events incurred in connection with the Business Combination that are not expected to be ongoing, (iv) in 2021, earn-out payments to the former shareholders of LinkAPI (for additional information, see “Item 4. Information on the Company—A. History and Development of the Company—Recent Acquisitions—LinkAPI”), (v) expenses related to stock option grants under the 2021 Plan as well as a separate stock option plan adopted by us in 2020 (for more information, see "Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees—B. Compensation—Share Incentive Plans”), which do not relate directly to the performance of our underlying business, (vi) in 2022, a one-time non-cash expense reflecting the accounting impact of the Nasdaq listing in accordance with IFRS 2, (vii) in 2022, expenses related to D&O Insurance (directors’ and officers’ liability insurance) and (viii) in 2022, gains from the fair value of our Warrants which do not relate directly to the performance of our underlying business. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure. Our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA may be different from the calculation used by other companies, including our competitors in the industry, and therefore, our measures may not be comparable to those of other companies.
Adjusted EBITDA Margin
We calculate Adjusted EBITDA Margin as Adjusted EBITDA divided by revenues. Adjusted EBITDA Margin is a non-GAAP measure. Our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA Margin may be different from the calculation used by other companies, including our competitors in the industry, and therefore, our measures may not be comparable to those of other companies.
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Market Data
Market, ranking and industry data used throughout this annual report, including statements regarding market size and technology/data adoption rates, is based on the good faith estimates of our management, which in turn are based upon our management’s review of internal surveys, independent industry surveys and publications and other third-party research and publicly available information, as indicated. Industry reports, publications, research, studies and forecasts generally state that the information they contain has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but that the accuracy and completeness of such information is not guaranteed. These data involve a number of assumptions and limitations, and you are cautioned not to give undue weight to such estimates. In some cases, we do not expressly refer to the sources from which this data is derived. While we have compiled, extracted, and reproduced industry data from these sources, we have not independently verified the data. Forecasts and other forward-looking information obtained from these sources are subject to the same qualifications and uncertainties as the other forward-looking statements in this annual report. These forecasts and forward-looking information are subject to uncertainty and risk due to a variety of factors, including those described under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors.” These and other factors could cause results to differ materially from those expressed in any forecasts or estimates.
Emerging Growth Company Status
We qualify as an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the JOBS Act. As such, we are eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies”, and may not be required to, among other things, (1) provide an auditor’s attestation report on its system of internal controls over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404; (2) provide all of the compensation disclosure that may be required of non-emerging growth public companies under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; (3) comply with any requirement that may be adopted by the PCAOB regarding mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’s report providing additional information about the audit and the financial statements (auditor discussion and analysis); and (4) disclose certain executive compensation related items such as the correlation between executive compensation and performance and comparisons of the CEO’s compensation to median employee compensation. If some investors find our securities less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our securities and the prices of our securities may be more volatile.
We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following the fifth anniversary of the closing of the Business Combination or (b) in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least $1.235 billion (as adjusted for inflation pursuant to SEC rules from time to time), and (2) the date on which (x) we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means that the market value of our Ordinary Shares held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the prior June 30th, or (y) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in nonconvertible debt during the prior three-year period.
ITEM 1.IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS
Not applicable.
ITEM 2.OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE
Not applicable.
ITEM 3.KEY INFORMATION
A.[Reserved]
B.Capitalization and Indebtedness
Not applicable.
C.Reasons for the Offer and Use of Proceeds
Not applicable.
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D.Risk Factors
Summary of Risk Factors
The following summarizes the principal factors that make an investment in our company speculative or risky, all of which are more fully described in the Risk Factors below. This summary should be read in conjunction with the Risk Factors below and should not be relied upon as an exhaustive summary of the material risks facing our business. The following factors could result in harm to our business, reputation, revenue, financial results, and prospects, among other impacts:
Our growth strategy is significantly dependent on the accelerated expansion of our proprietary SaaS business, which, in turn, relies to a great extent on receptiveness to, and adoption of, our proprietary data platform that was recently developed by us and, therefore, has a limited operating track record.
Our current operations are international in scope, and we plan further geographic expansion, creating a variety of operational challenges.
Our customers may terminate engagements before completion or choose not to enter into new engagements with us on terms acceptable to us, or at all.
A significant portion of our revenues is derived from a small number of customers and partial or full loss of revenues from any such customer may adversely affect us.
The markets in which we operate are highly competitive, and if we do not compete effectively, our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be harmed.
We may not be able to renew or maintain our reselling agreements with our suppliers.
We have a history of losses, and we may not be profitable in the future.
We and our suppliers could suffer disruptions, outages, defects and other performance and quality problems with our solutions or with the public cloud and internet infrastructure on which our solutions rely. If the availability of our proprietary data platform does not meet our service-level commitments to our customers, our current and future revenue may be negatively impacted.
Because we recognize our revenue from our proprietary SaaS business over the term of each contract, downturns or upturns in new sales and renewals will not be immediately reflected in our results of operations.
We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and, if we fail to remediate such material weaknesses (and any other ones) or establish and maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting, we may be unable to accurately report our results of operations, meet our reporting obligations and/or prevent fraud.
We expect fluctuations in our results of operations, making it difficult to plan, and if we fail to meet the expectations of securities analysts or investors with respect to our results of operations, our share price could decline.
The length of our sales cycle varies by customer and can include high upfront costs. If we are unable to effectively manage these factors, our business may be adversely affected.
If we lose key members of our management team or are unable to attract and retain the executives and employees we need to support our operations and growth (especially skilled software engineers and developers), our business and future growth prospects may be harmed.
We are exposed to fluctuations in currency exchange rates, which could negatively affect our results of operations and our ability to invest and hold our cash.
Our payment obligations under our indebtedness may limit the funds available to us and may restrict our flexibility in operating our business.
Certain of our loan agreements contain restrictive covenants and events of default that impose significant operating and financial restrictions on us, and we have in the recent past not been in compliance with certain financial covenants included in our loan agreements.
We agree to indemnify customers and other third parties, which exposes us to substantial potential liability.
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The departure or loss of significant influence of our CEO and Founder, Leonardo dos Santos Poça D’Água, would be detrimental to our business and adversely affect our ability to execute our business strategies and continue to grow.
Unfavorable conditions in our industry or the global economy could limit our ability to grow our business and negatively affect our results of operations.
The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic and measures taken in response thereto impact our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and are difficult to predict.
If we, our suppliers or our third-party service providers experience an actual or perceived security breach or unauthorized parties otherwise obtain access to our customers’ data or our data, our data solutions and services may be perceived as not being secure, our reputation may be harmed, demand for our data solutions and services may be reduced and we may incur significant liabilities.
We rely on third-party and open-source software for our data solutions. Our inability to obtain third-party licenses for such software, or obtain them on favorable terms, or any errors or failures caused by such software could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, our use of open-source software could negatively affect our ability to sell our data solutions and subject us to possible litigation.
Our operations may be adversely affected by a failure to renew our leases on commercially acceptable terms, or at all, and to timely obtain or renew any licenses required to operate our occupied properties.
The Brazilian federal government has exercised, and continues to exercise, significant influence over the Brazilian economy. This influence, as well as Brazil’s political and economic conditions, could harm us and the price of our Ordinary Shares.
The ongoing economic uncertainty and political instability in Brazil may harm us and the price of our Ordinary Shares.
Sales of a substantial number of our securities in the public market by our existing securityholders could cause the price of our Ordinary Shares and Warrants to fall.
The exercise of our Warrants for our Ordinary Shares would increase the number of shares eligible for future resale in the public market and result in dilution to our shareholders.
Our shareholders may experience dilution due to the issuance of Semantix Earn-Out Shares following the consummation of the Business Combination.
We have granted in the past, and we will also grant in the future, share incentives, which may result in increased share-based compensation expenses.
If our performance does not meet market expectations, the price of our securities may decline.
We may redeem your unexpired Warrants prior to their exercise at a time that is disadvantageous to you, thereby making your Warrants worthless.
Risks Related to Our Business and Industry
A significant portion of our revenues is derived from a small number of customers and partial or full loss of revenues from any such customer may adversely affect us.
We generate a significant portion of our revenues from our ten largest customers. During the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, our largest customer based on revenues accounted for 18.1%, 11.4% and 10.2% of our revenues, respectively, and our ten largest customers together accounted for 50.2%, 53.8% and 59.7% of our revenues, respectively. For additional information regarding the material terms of our contracts with our largest customers, please refer to “Item 4. Information on the Company—B. Business Overview—Customers.
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Our ability to maintain close relationships with these and other major customers is essential to the growth and profitability of our business, particularly in relation to our land and expand strategy pursuant to which we seek to migrate our existing customers who purchase third-party software licenses from us to our higher-margin proprietary SaaS solutions. The volume of work we perform for each customer may vary from year to year, and as a result, a major customer in one year may not provide the same level of revenues for us in any subsequent year. The data solutions and services we provide to our customers, and the revenues associated with those solutions and services, may decline or vary as the type and quantity of solutions and services that we provide change over time. In addition, our reliance on any individual customer for a significant portion of our revenues may give that customer a certain degree of pricing leverage against us when negotiating contracts.
The loss of any of our major customers or a decrease in the scope of data solutions and services provided to them could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. For further information, please refer to “Item 4. Information on the Company—B. Business Overview—Software Engineering and Research & Development.
Our customers may terminate engagements before completion or choose not to enter into new engagements with us on terms acceptable to us, or at all.
Our contracts with our customers to provide data solutions (including both proprietary SaaS solutions and third-party software) typically have a term of one to three years. However, these contracts may, in the majority of cases, be terminated at will by our customers without cause by only providing prior notice ranging from 30 to 90 days. Meanwhile, our contracts with our customers to provide data analytics and AI services are generally more short-term in nature, ranging from six months to three years.
Our customers may terminate or reduce their use of our data solutions and services for any number of reasons, including if they are not satisfied with the solution or service level, the value proposition for our data solutions and services, or we are unable to meet customer needs and expectations. This possibility of customer termination or reduction may be more likely to the extent of price increases that could make our solutions and services unaffordable, particularly as a result of us passing through price increases in purchasing third-party software licenses for resale due to foreign exchange effects or other factors that are in the complete discretion of our third-party software suppliers. Even if we successfully deliver on contracted data solutions and services and maintain close relationships with our customers, a number of factors outside of our control could cause the loss of or reduction in business or revenue from our existing customers. These factors include, among other things:
the business or financial condition of that customer or the economy generally;
a change in strategic priorities by our customers, resulting in a reduced level of spending on technology solutions and services;
changes in our customer’s personnel who are responsible for procurement of information technology (“IT”) solutions and services or with whom we primarily interact;
a demand for price reductions by our customers;
mergers, acquisitions or significant corporate restructurings involving one of our customers; and
a decision by that customer to move work in-house or to one or several of our competitors.
The ability of our customers to terminate their engagement with us at any time makes our future revenue flow uncertain. We may not be able to replace any customer that chooses to terminate or not renew its contract with us, which could materially adversely affect our revenue and thus our results of operations. Furthermore, terminations in engagements may make it difficult to plan our project resource requirements.
If a significant number of customers cease using or reduce their usage of our data solutions or services, we may be required to spend significantly more on sales and marketing than we currently plan to spend in order to maintain or increase revenue from customers. Such additional sales and marketing expenditures could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
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FORM 20-F

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Further, as we expand our portfolio of proprietary SaaS offerings, our potential customers may become concerned about disadvantages associated with switching providers, such as a loss of accustomed functionality, increased costs and business disruption. For prospective customers, switching from one vendor of solutions similar to those provided by us (or from an internally developed system) to a new vendor may be a significant undertaking. As a result, certain potential customers may resist changing vendors. There can be no assurance that our investments to overcome potential customers’ reluctance to change vendors will be successful, which may be particularly relevant in relation to our strategy to migrate certain of our customers that currently license third- party software through us, to our proprietary solutions, which may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
In addition, while the restrictions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic have prompted a shift to digital solutions and services that benefited our business since 2020, there can be no assurance that this shift will continue and that we will continue to benefit from our customers’ increased spending on digital transformation efforts in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The markets in which we operate are highly competitive, and if we do not compete effectively, our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be harmed.
The markets for data cloud, big data, analytics and artificial intelligence are intensely competitive and characterized by rapid changes in technology, customer requirements, industry standards and frequent new solution and service introductions and improvements. As these markets continue to mature and new technologies and competitors enter such markets, we expect competition to intensify. Our current competitors include:
public cloud providers who offer proprietary data management, machine learning and analytics services, such as Amazon Web Services (“AWS”), Microsoft Azure (“Azure”) and Google Cloud Platform (“GCP”);
large, well-established, public and private data platform providers, including the suppliers from which we purchase software licenses for resale, such as Cloudera and Elastic, Confluent, Inc. (“Confluent”);
private and public companies who also act as resellers of third-party software licenses, such as Logicallis Group Ltd. (“Logicallis”);
less-established public and private cloud companies with solutions and services that compete in some of our markets;
other established vendors of legacy database solutions and big data offerings, such as Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. (“HP”), International Business Machines Corporation (“IBM”), Oracle Corporation (“Oracle”) and Teradata Corporation (“Teradata”);
other vendors who offer data and business intelligence solutions that can be incorporated into our proprietary data platform, including Databricks Inc. (“Databricks”), Alteryx, Inc; (“Alteryx”), Fivetran Inc. (“Fivetran”), Tableau Software, LLC (“Tableau”), Microsoft Corporation’s Power BI, and QlikTech International AB (“Qlikview”); and
technology companies and systems management vendors who offer on-premise infrastructure monitoring, including IBM, Microsoft Corporation (“Microsoft”), Micro Focus International plc (“Micro Focus”), BMC Software, Inc. (“BMC”) and Computer Associates International, Inc. (“Computer Associates”).
We compete based on various factors, including price, performance, range of use cases, multi-cloud availability, brand recognition and reputation, customer support, and differentiated capabilities, including ease of implementation and data migration, ease of administration and use, scalability and reliability, data governance, security, and compatibility with existing standards and third-party data solutions. Some of our competitors have substantially greater brand recognition, customer relationships, and financial, technical, and other resources than we do, and may be able to respond more effectively than we can to new or changing opportunities, technologies, standards, customer requirements and buying practices.
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FORM 20-F

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Our proprietary data platform requires third-party public cloud infrastructure to operate. We currently offer our proprietary data platform on the public clouds provided by AWS, Azure and GCP, which are also some of our primary competitors. There is a risk that one or more of these public cloud providers could use its control of its public clouds to embed innovations or privileged interoperating capabilities in competing data solutions, bundle competing data solutions, provide us unfavorable pricing, leverage its public cloud customer relationships to exclude us from opportunities, and treat us and our customers differently with respect to terms and conditions or regulatory requirements than it would treat its similarly situated customers. Further, they have the resources to acquire, invest in, or partner with existing and emerging providers of competing technology and thereby accelerate adoption of those competing technologies. All of the foregoing could make it difficult or impossible for us to provide solutions that compete favorably with those of the public cloud providers.
Moreover, we resell software licenses of well-established data platform providers, such as Cloudera, Elastic, Confluent, ECE Software, among others. In addition to being our suppliers, these data platform providers are currently, and will increasingly become, our direct competitors as we develop and increase the range of our proprietary solutions. Nonetheless, our current operations require that we maintain a good relationship with these suppliers, who may, faced with increasing competition from us, alter pricing in a manner unfavorable to us or exclude us from opportunities as we expand our operations and increase our market share (for additional information, see “—We may not be able to renew or maintain our reselling agreements with our supplier” below). Furthermore, we face competition from other resellers of third-party software licenses given that our agreements with such suppliers for resale of their software licenses are non-exclusive.
New and innovative start-up companies, including emerging cloud-native data management companies, and larger companies that are making significant investments in research and development, may introduce data solutions or services that have greater performance or functionality, are easier or cheaper to implement or use, or incorporate technological advances that we have not yet developed or implemented or may invent similar or superior data solutions or services, including a better, more powerful and user-friendly data platform, that compete with our own.
We may also face competition from in-house development by our clients, academic and government institutions, and the open-source community who may offer similar solutions or an adequate substitute for our services and solutions. These factors may force us to compete on other fronts in addition to the quality of our services and to expend significant resources in order to remain competitive, which we may be unable to do.
Further, the markets in which we compete are subject to evolving industry standards and regulations, resulting in increasing data governance and compliance requirements for us and our customers (for additional information, see “—Risks Related to Our Compliance, Tax, Legal, and Regulatory Environment” below). Moreover, to the extent we expand our operations further into highly regulated industries (such as the health and finance industries), our solutions may need to address additional requirements specific to those customer segments.
For these reasons, competition may negatively impact our ability to maintain and grow consumption of our proprietary data platform or put downward pressure on our prices and gross margins, any of which could materially harm our reputation, business, results of operations and financial condition.
If we are unable to adapt to rapidly changing technologies, methodologies and evolving industry standards, we may lose clients and our business could be materially adversely affected.
Rapidly changing technologies, methodologies and evolving industry standards are inherent in the market for our data solutions and services. Our ability to anticipate developments in our industry, enhance our existing data solutions and services, develop and introduce new data solutions, services or tools, provide enhancements and new features for our data solutions and tools, and keep pace with changes and developments are critical to meeting changing client needs. Developing solutions for our clients is extremely complex and could become increasingly complex and expensive in the future due to the introduction of new platforms, operating systems, technologies and methodologies. Our ability to keep pace with, anticipate or respond to changes and developments is subject to a number of risks, including that:
we may not be able to develop new, or update existing, services, applications, tools and software quickly or inexpensively enough to meet our clients’ needs;
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FORM 20-F

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we may find it difficult or costly to make existing software and tools work effectively and securely over the internet or with new or changed operating systems;
we may find it challenging to develop new, or update existing, software, services and tools to keep pace with evolving industry standards, methodologies and regulatory developments in the industries where our clients operate at a pace and cost that is acceptable to our clients; and
we may find it difficult to maintain high quality levels of performance with new technologies and methodologies.
We may not be successful in anticipating or responding to these developments in a timely manner, or if we do respond, the data solutions, services, tools, technologies or methodologies we develop or implement may not be successful in the marketplace. Our failure to enhance our existing data solutions and services and to develop and introduce new data solutions and services to promptly address the needs of our clients could have a material adverse effect on our business.
We may not be able to renew or maintain our reselling agreements with our suppliers.
As part of our business, we resell software licenses of well-established data platform providers, such as Cloudera, Elastic, Confluent, ECE Software, among others. Of our gross revenues for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, (i) 26.7%, 37.6% and 31.5% of our gross revenues, respectively, were attributable to the resale of software licenses of Cloudera (via numerous supply contracts with such supplier and resale contracts with various clients) and (ii) 19.4%, 16.9% and 30.1%, respectively, were attributable to the resale of software licenses of Elastic (via numerous supply contracts with such supplier and resale contracts with various clients).
These software companies license us software on a non-exclusive basis, and they may terminate their relationship with us at any time without cause with only 30 to 90 days’ prior notice. Any such termination would be disruptive to our business, notwithstanding the acceleration of our proprietary SaaS solutions that do not depend on third-party software providers, and it may not be possible to secure alternative software providers on similar terms or with the same quality of solutions and services as our current suppliers offer. Accordingly, if we lose our current relationship with our main suppliers, our third-party software customers may elect to work with another data solutions company to fulfill their data needs, including the possibility of working with other companies that resell software licenses from the same third-party software providers that we currently work with (considering that our relationships are non-exclusive) in order to maintain continuity and, in such case, terminate their relationship with us. Likewise, we cannot guarantee that our current customers that license third-party software through us will find our proprietary SaaS solutions to be adequate replacement. In any of these cases, we may experience a material adverse effect on our cash position, revenue and, by extension, our results of operations and financial position.
We have a history of losses, and we may not be profitable in the future.
We have a history of net losses. For the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, we incurred net losses of R$ 329.8 million, R$68.2 million and R$19.4 million, respectively. As a result, we had an accumulated deficit of R$ 468.9 million as of December 31, 2022. These losses and accumulated deficit reflect the substantial investments we made to acquire new customers, market and sell our new proprietary solutions and develop our proprietary data platform.
We expect our costs and expenses to remain elevated in the foreseeable future, particularly as a result of becoming a public company (for additional information, see “—Risks Related to Our Ordinary Shares—We will incur increased costs as a result of operating as a public company” below) and in connection with the ongoing development of our proprietary SaaS solutions. As a result of these increased costs and expenses, we will have to generate and sustain increased revenue to be profitable in future periods, which may not be possible (for additional information, see “—Risks Related to Our Growth StrategyOur growth strategy is significantly dependent on the accelerated expansion of our proprietary SaaS business, which, in turn, relies to a great extent on receptiveness to, and adoption of, our proprietary data platform that was recently developed by us and, therefore, has a limited operating track record”). Further, in future periods, our revenue growth rate could decline, and we may not be able to generate sufficient revenue to offset higher costs and achieve or sustain profitability. If we fail to achieve, sustain or increase profitability, our business and results of operations could be adversely affected.
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FORM 20-F

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Following the Business Combination, we have 18,499,984 Warrants outstanding, each Warrant being exercisable for one Ordinary Share at an exercise price of $11.50. Whether warrantholders will exercise their Warrants, and therefore the amount of cash proceeds we would receive upon exercise, is dependent upon the trading price of the Ordinary Shares, the last reported sales price for which was $4.39 per share on March 31, 2023. Therefore, if and when the trading price of the Ordinary Shares is less than $11.50, we expect that warrantholders would not exercise their Warrants. We could receive up to an aggregate of approximately $212,750,000 if all of the Warrants are exercised for cash, but we would only receive such proceeds if and when the warrantholders exercise the Warrants which, based on the current trading price of our Ordinary Shares, is unlikely unless there is a relevant increase in trading price. The Warrants may not be or remain in the money during the period they are exercisable and prior to their expiration and, therefore, it is possible that the Warrants may not be exercised prior to their expiration on August 3, 2027, even if they are in the money, and as such, may expire worthless with minimal proceeds received by us, if any, from the exercise of Warrants. To the extent that any of the Warrants are exercised on a “cashless basis,” we will not receive any proceeds upon such exercise. As a result, we do not expect to rely on the cash exercise of Warrants to fund our operations. Instead, we intend to rely on other sources of cash discussed elsewhere in this annual report to continue to fund our operations. See “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—B. Liquidity and Capital Resources.” If we are unable to raise additional funds through equity or debt financings when needed, we may be required to delay, limit, or substantially reduce the development of our proprietary SaaS solutions and go-to-market efforts.
We and our suppliers could suffer disruptions, outages, defects and other performance and quality problems with our solutions or with the public cloud and internet infrastructure on which our solutions rely. If the availability of our proprietary data platform does not meet our service-level commitments to our customers, our current and future revenue may be negatively impacted.
Our business depends on the data solutions that we offer (including our proprietary data platform and the third-party platforms from which we purchase software licenses for resale) to be available without disruption.
We and our suppliers have experienced, and may in the future experience, disruptions, outages, defects and other performance and quality problems with these data solutions. We have also experienced, and may in the future experience, disruptions, outages, defects and other performance and quality problems with the public cloud and internet infrastructure on which our proprietary data platform relies. These problems can be caused by a variety of factors, including introductions of new functionality, vulnerabilities and defects in proprietary and open-source software, human error or misconduct, natural disasters (such as tornadoes, earthquakes or fires), capacity constraints, design limitations, denial-of-service attacks or other security-related incidents.
Moreover, we typically commit to maintaining a minimum service-level of availability for our customers that use our proprietary data platform. If we are unable to meet these commitments, we may be obligated to provide customers with additional capacity, which could significantly affect our revenue. We rely on public cloud providers, such as AWS, Azure and GCP, and any availability interruption in the public cloud could result in us not meeting our service-level commitments to our customers.
In some cases, we may not have any contractual rights with our public cloud providers that would compensate us for any losses due to availability interruptions in the public cloud. Further, if our contractual and other business relationships with our public cloud providers are terminated, suspended or suffer a material change to which we are unable to adapt, such as the elimination of services or features on which we depend, we could be unable to provide our proprietary data platform and could experience significant delays and incur additional expense in transitioning customers to a different public cloud provider.
Any disruptions, outages, defects, and other performance and quality problems with our data solutions and services (including any failure to meet our service-level commitments) or with the public cloud and internet infrastructure on which they rely, or any material change in our contractual and other business relationships with our public cloud providers, could result in reduced use of our date solutions and services, increased expenses, including service credit obligations and harm to our brand and reputation, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
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FORM 20-F

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Because we recognize our revenue from our proprietary SaaS business over the term of each contract, downturns or upturns in new sales and renewals will not be immediately reflected in our results of operations.
Since 2019, we have derived an increasing portion of our revenues from our proprietary SaaS business, and we expect this business line to become increasingly significant in the future. Our proprietary SaaS business line represented 21.0% of our revenues for the year ended December 31, 2022, compared to 18.8% and 4.7% of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Our customer contracts typically have a term of one to three years and we recognize revenue from our proprietary SaaS business ratably over the term of each contract. As a result, part of the revenue we report in each quarter is derived from the recognition of deferred revenue relating to contracts entered into during previous quarters. Consequently, a future decline in new or renewed contracts, or a reduction in expansion rates, in any single quarter could have only a small impact on our revenue results during that quarter or subsequent period. Such a decline or deceleration, however, will negatively affect our revenue or revenue growth rates in future quarters and, in the aggregate, may cause a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and, if we fail to remediate such material weaknesses (and any other ones) or establish and maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting, we may be unable to accurately report our results of operations, meet our reporting obligations and/or prevent fraud.
Prior to the Business Combination, we were a private company with limited accounting resources and processes necessary to address our internal control over financial reporting and procedures. Our internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with the IFRS and interpretations issued by the IFRS Interpretations Committee. Our management has not completed a formal assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting and our independent registered public accounting firm has not conducted an audit of our internal control over financial reporting. We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2022. A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of control deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
We are in the process of designing and implementing measures to improve our internal control over financial reporting to remediate the material weaknesses. For a description of our remediation activities to date and plans, see “Item 15. Controls and Procedures—A. Disclosure Controls and Procedures.”
As of the date of this annual report, other than those related to the hiring of new personnel to support our growing business and to transition to life as a public company, we have not yet incurred material expenses to address those matters giving rise to the material weaknesses we identified. We are currently unable to predict how long it will take and how much it will ultimately cost for us to implement the remediation measures required to address those matters giving rise to the material weaknesses we identified. However, these remediation measures may be time consuming, costly, and might place significant demands on our financial and operational resources. For further information, see “Item 15. Controls and Procedures—D. Changes in internal control over financial reporting.
Our management may be unable to conclude in future periods that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective due to the effects of various factors, which may, in part, include unremediated material weaknesses in internal controls over financial reporting. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in those reports is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
We are a public company in the United States subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. If we are unable to successfully remediate our existing or any future material weaknesses or other deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting, the accuracy and timing of our financial reporting may be adversely affected, investors may lose confidence in our financial reporting, and we could become subject to litigation or investigations by the Nasdaq, the SEC and other regulatory authorities.
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FORM 20-F

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Under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, our management is not required to assess or report on the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting until our second annual report following consummation of the Business Combination, which will be only in 2024 for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023. In addition, until we cease to be an “emerging growth company” (see “—Risks Related to Our Ordinary Shares—As a foreign private issuer and an “emerging growth company” (as defined in the JOBS Act), we have different disclosure and other requirements than U.S. domestic registrants and non-emerging growth companies that, to some extent, are more lenient and less frequent than those of U.S. domestic registrants and non-emerging growth companies”) as such term is defined in the JOBS Act, our independent registered public accounting firm is not required to attest to and report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting.
During the course of remediating these material weaknesses and satisfying the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, we may identify additional material weaknesses and other deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting. In addition, if we fail to maintain the adequacy of our internal control over financial reporting, as these standards are modified, supplemented or amended from time to time, we may not be able to conclude on an ongoing basis that we have effective internal control over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. If we fail to maintain an effective internal control environment, we could suffer material misstatements in our financial statements, fail to meet our reporting obligations or fail to prevent fraud, which would likely cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information. This could, in turn, limit our access to capital markets, harm our results of operations, and lead to a decline in the trading price of our shares. Additionally, ineffective internal control over financial reporting could expose us to increased risk of fraud or misuse of corporate assets and subject us to potential delisting from Nasdaq, regulatory investigations and civil or criminal sanctions. We may be unable to timely complete our evaluation testing and any required remediation.
In addition, these new obligations will also require substantial attention from our senior management and could divert their attention away from the day-to-day management of our business. These cost increases and the diversion of management’s attention could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results. See also “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—A. Operating Results—Results of Operations—Material Weaknesses in Internal Controls and Remediation.
We expect fluctuations in our results of operations, making it difficult to plan, and if we fail to meet the expectations of securities analysts or investors with respect to our results of operations, our share price could decline.
Our results of operations have fluctuated in the past and are expected to fluctuate in the future due to a variety of factors, many of which are outside of our control. As a result, our past results may not be indicative of our future performance. In addition to the other risks described herein, factors that may affect our results of operations include the following:
fluctuations in demand for or pricing of our solutions;
fluctuations in the price of the third-party software licenses that we purchase for resale;
our ability to attract new customers;
our ability to retain existing customers;
customer expansion rates;
seasonality;
investments in new features and functionality;
fluctuations in customer consumption resulting from our introduction of new features or capabilities to our systems that may impact customer consumption;
the timing of our customers' purchases;
the speed with which customers are able to migrate data onto our proprietary data platform after purchasing capacity;
fluctuations or delays in purchasing decisions in anticipation of new solutions or enhancements by us or our competitors;
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FORM 20-F

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changes in customers' budgets, the timing of their budget cycles and purchasing decisions;
our ability to control costs, including our operating expenses;
the amount and timing of payment for operating expenses, particularly research and development and sales and marketing expenses;
the amount and timing of non-cash expenses, including stock-based compensation, goodwill impairments and other non-cash charges;
the amount and timing of costs associated with recruiting, training and integrating new employees and retaining and motivating existing employees;
the effects and timing of acquisitions and their integration;
general economic conditions, both domestically and internationally, as well as economic conditions specifically affecting industries in which our customers and partners participate;
fluctuations in currency exchange rates and changes in the proportion of our revenue and expenses denominated in foreign currencies;
health epidemics or pandemics, such as the COVID-19 pandemic;
the impact, or timing of our adoption, of new accounting pronouncements;
changes in regulatory or legal environments that may cause us to incur, among other things, expenses associated with compliance;
the overall tax rate for our business, which may be affected by the mix of income we earn in Brazil and in jurisdictions with different tax rates, the effects of stock-based compensation and the effects of changes in our business;
the impact of changes in tax laws or judicial or regulatory interpretations of tax laws, which are recorded in the period such laws are enacted or interpretations are issued and may significantly affect the effective tax rate of that period;
fluctuations in the market values of our portfolio or strategic investments and in interest rates;
changes in the competitive dynamics of our market, including consolidation among competitors or customers; and
significant security breaches of, technical difficulties with, or interruptions to, the delivery and use of our solutions.
Any of these and other factors, or the cumulative effect of some of these factors, may cause our results of operations to vary significantly. If our quarterly results of operations fall below the expectations of investors and securities analysts who follow our stock, the price of our Ordinary Shares could decline substantially, and we could face costly lawsuits, including securities class actions.
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The length of our sales cycle varies by customer and can include high upfront costs. If we are unable to effectively manage these factors, our business may be adversely affected.
Part of our business strategy involves the development of data solutions to better serve large enterprises. Sales to large customers involve risks that may not be present or that are present to a lesser extent with sales to smaller organizations, such as longer sales cycles, more complex customer requirements, including our ability to partner with third parties that advise such customers or help them integrate their IT solutions, substantial upfront sales costs and less predictability in completing some of our sales. For example, large customers, which make up a considerable portion of our business, may require considerable time to evaluate and test the data solutions that we offer prior to making a purchase decision and placing an order. In addition, large customers may be switching from legacy on-premises solutions when purchasing our solutions, and may rely on third parties with whom we do not have relationships when making purchasing decisions. A number of factors also influence the length and variability of our sales cycle, including the need to educate potential customers about the uses and benefits of our solutions, the discretionary nature of purchasing and budget cycles, and the competitive nature of evaluation and purchasing approval processes. As a result, the length of our sales cycle, from identification of the opportunity to deal closure, may vary significantly from customer to customer, with sales to large enterprises typically taking longer to complete. Moreover, large customers often begin to deploy our solutions on a limited basis but nevertheless demand implementation services and negotiate pricing discounts, which increase our upfront investment in the sales effort with no guarantee that sales to these customers will justify our substantial upfront investment. If we fail to effectively manage these risks associated with sales cycles and sales to large customers, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be affected.
If we lose key members of our management team or are unable to attract and retain the executives and employees we need to support our operations and growth (especially skilled software engineers and developers), our business and future growth prospects may be harmed.
Our success depends in part on the continued services of Semantix’s founder Leonardo dos Santos Poça D’Água, as well as our other executive officers and key employees in the areas of research and development (particularly, skilled developers), and sales and marketing.
From time to time, there may be changes in our executive management and technical teams or other key employees resulting from the hiring or departure of these personnel. Our executive officers and other key employees are employed on an at-will basis, which means that these personnel could terminate their employment with us at any time. The loss of one or more of our executive officers, or the failure by our executive team to effectively work with our employees and lead our company, could harm our business.
In addition, to execute our growth plan, we must attract and retain highly qualified personnel. Competition for these personnel is intense, especially for engineers experienced in designing and developing cloud-based data solutions, experienced sales professionals and expert customer support personnel. We also are dependent on the continued service of our existing software engineers because of the sophistication of our proprietary data platform.
In the past, we have experienced, and we expect to continue to experience, difficulty in hiring and retaining employees with appropriate qualifications, particularly developers. Increased hiring by technology companies, in Latin America and the United States, and increasing worldwide competition for skilled technology professionals may lead to a shortage in the availability of skilled professionals in the locations where we operate and hire. Many of the companies with which we compete for experienced personnel have greater resources than we have. If we hire employees from competitors or other companies, their former employers may attempt to assert that these employees or we have breached their legal obligations, resulting in a diversion of our time and resources. In addition, prospective and existing employees often consider the value of the equity awards they receive in connection with their employment. If the perceived value of our equity awards declines, experiences significant volatility or increases such that prospective employees believe there is limited upside to the value of our equity awards, or if our existing employees receive significant proceeds from liquidating their previously vested equity awards, it may adversely affect our ability to recruit and retain key employees. Furthermore, we do not offer equity awards to many of our employees, which could disadvantage our recruitment efforts.
Increases in wages, equity compensation and other compensation expenses could prevent us from sustaining our competitive advantage and increase our costs.
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FORM 20-F

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Wages for technology professionals in emerging countries where we have significant operations are lower than comparable wages in more developed countries. However, wages in the technology industry in these countries may increase at a faster rate than in the past, which may make us less competitive unless we are able to increase the efficiency and productivity of our employees. If we increase operations and hiring in more developed economies, our compensation expenses will increase because of the higher wages demanded by technology professionals in those markets. In all countries in which we operate, wage inflation, whether driven by competition for talent or ordinary course pay increases, may also increase our cost of providing services and reduce our profitability if we are not able to pass those costs on to our clients or charge premium prices when justified by market demand.
We are exposed to fluctuations in currency exchange rates, which could negatively affect our results of operations and our ability to invest and hold our cash.
While our functional currency is the Brazilian real, most of our costs and a relevant portion of our sales related to our third-party software business area are denominated in, or linked to, U.S. dollars. As part of our core business, we purchase third-party software licenses from suppliers located outside of Brazil, which are denominated and payable in U.S. dollars, for resale to customers located in Brazil and elsewhere. Although the prices we charge our customers for these software licenses in Brazil are denominated in reais, such prices are necessarily linked to the U.S. dollar in an effort to pass through foreign exchange impacts and, therefore, pricing for these contracts with our customers requires certain assumptions, judgments and estimates from us regarding future foreign exchange behavior, which may not be accurate. Various events and circumstances, including political and macroeconomic events beyond our control or impossible or difficult to foresee, could have a significant impact on the foreign exchange environment, as evidenced by the dramatic volatility of the Brazilian real against the U.S. dollar in recent years (for additional information, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—Significant Factors Affecting our Results of Operations—Brazilian Macroeconomic Environment—Currency Fluctuations”). Accordingly, while we aim to purchase third-party software licenses only when we have a firm commitment from a customer, we are nevertheless exposed to foreign exchange volatility to the extent we are unable to fully pass through U.S. dollar amounts to our customers in the form of their reais-denominated contracts. In addition, we typically have up to 90 days to pay our suppliers from the time we sign a contract to purchase a software license until the due date for payment to our suppliers, which we consider in our cash flow planning. Accordingly, if there is significant unanticipated foreign exchange movement during the period from when we execute our contracts with suppliers (and set pricing with our customers) to the time we pay our suppliers, we could be forced to pay more for such software licenses in reais-terms without the ability to pass through such amounts to our customers. In addition, while we typically have contractual flexibility to anticipate payment to our suppliers prior to the contractual due date, we may not have the necessary cash on hand to respond quickly to material foreign exchange movements even if it is advantageous from a foreign exchange perspective to do so. We do not currently enter into derivative transactions of any type to hedge our exposure originated by the resale of third-party software licenses. The software licenses we purchase and resell for our customers in Colombia and Mexico are purchased and resold in U.S. dollars, not in local currency.
Moreover, we have operations internationally that are denominated in foreign currencies, thus exposing us to foreign exchange risk primarily related to fluctuations between our functional currency, the Brazilian real, on the one hand, and the U.S. dollar, the Colombian peso and the Mexican peso, on the other hand. As our international operations expand, our exposure to the effects of fluctuations in currency exchange rates may grow.
Furthermore, the depreciation of the Brazilian real (or, in the case of our Mexican and Colombian operations, the peso of each country) against relevant foreign currencies may lead to a decrease in our revenues from our third-party software business given that our customers may decide to reduce their spending indexed or linked to foreign currencies in this scenario. On the other hand, the depreciation of the Brazilian real (or, in the case of our Mexican and Colombian operations, the peso of each country) against relevant foreign currencies may lead to an increase in domestic revenues from our proprietary SaaS business, since these proprietary solutions offer an alternative that is not directly impacted by the foreign exchange environment.
Currently, we do not hedge our foreign exchange exposure relating to our operations in Colombia, Mexico and the United States. As a result, our financial statements may present gains or losses due to translation effects relating to the financial statements of our subsidiaries, particularly as these operations become more relevant.
PART I
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FORM 20-F

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In addition, we have U.S. dollar-denominated and Euro-denominated loans. To mitigate our exchange rate exposure in relation to these loans, we have entered into derivative financial transactions with financial institutions to hedge against the fluctuation of the Euro/real and U.S. dollar/real exchange rates and link our principal and interest to a fixed rate or the Brazilian interbank deposit certificate (Certificado de Depósito Interbancário, or “CDI rate”). However, the use of such hedging activities may not offset any or more than a portion of the adverse financial effects of unfavorable movements in foreign exchange rates over the limited time the hedges are in place. Moreover, the use of hedging instruments may introduce additional risks if we are unable to structure effective hedges with such instruments.
Our payment obligations under our indebtedness may limit the funds available to us and may restrict our flexibility in operating our business.
We have increasing fixed financial costs in connection with our indebtedness and have incurred an increasing amount of debt in recent years to support our operations and development. As of December 31, 2022, we had total outstanding loans and borrowings in an aggregate principal amount of R$ 78.7 million and R$ 338.0 million in cash and cash equivalents.
We may be required to use a portion of our cash flows from operations to pay interest and principal on our indebtedness. Such payments will reduce the funds available to us for working capital, capital expenditures, and other corporate purposes and limit our ability to obtain additional financing (or to obtain such financing on acceptable terms) for working capital, capital expenditures, expansion plans, and other investments, which may in turn limit our ability to implement our business strategy, heighten our vulnerability to downturns in our business, the industry, or in the general economy, limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry, and prevent us from taking advantage of business opportunities as they arise. A high level of leverage may also have significant negative effects on our future operations by increasing the possibility of an event of default under the financial and operating covenants contained in our debt instruments.
In addition, we are exposed to interest rate risk related to some of our indebtedness. For additional information on our indebtedness, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—B. Liquidity and Capital Resources—Indebtedness.
If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow from operations to service our debt, we may be required to refinance all or a portion of our existing debt or obtain additional financing. We cannot assure you that any such refinancing would be possible or that any additional financing could be obtained. Our inability to obtain such refinancing or financing may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, ratings and results of operations.
Certain of our loan agreements contain restrictive covenants and events of default that impose significant operating and financial restrictions on us, and we have in the recent past not been in compliance with certain financial covenants included in our loan agreements.
Under certain of our loan agreements, we are subject to restrictive and affirmative covenants, including restrictions on our change of control, the change of our ownership structure and corporate reorganization, limitations on certain consolidations, mergers, and sales of assets, and restrictions on the payment of dividends. In addition, certain of our loan agreements include financial covenants. These financial covenants comprise (i) a current assets/current liabilities ratio (current ratio), as calculated on an annual basis which may not be less than 1.2, (ii) a net debt/EBITDA ratio, as calculated on an annual basis, which could not exceed 3.5 on December 31, 2021 and 3.0 as of December 31 of each year thereafter, and (iii) a debt/EBITDA ratio, as calculated on an annual basis, which could not exceed 3.5 on December 31, 2021.
While we were in compliance with the financial covenants contained in our loan agreements as of December 31, 2022 based on our financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2022, we were not in compliance the prior year, as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021. As a result, we received waivers from the relevant lenders pursuant to which they waived and agreed not to enforce any of their rights with respect to our compliance with the applicable financial covenants as of December 31, 2021.
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FORM 20-F

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The following agreements to which we are a party contain financial covenants:
loan agreement entered into with Itaú Unibanco S.A. – Nassau Branch on June 18, 2021, in the amount of EUR3.3 million, with interest accruing at a rate per annum equal to 12.28% and maturing on May 28, 2025;
loan agreement entered into with Itaú Unibanco S.A. on June 23, 2021, in the amount of R$0.6 million, with interest accruing at a rate per annum equal to 12.15% and maturing on May 20, 2025; and
loan agreement entered into with Banco Santander (Brasil) S.A. on January 14, 2022, in the amount of R$30.0 million, with interest accruing at a rate per annum equal to CDI plus 5.98% and maturing on December 30, 2024.
As of December 31, 2022, the aggregate outstanding amount under our loan agreements that include financial covenants was R$37.5 million. We measure compliance with our financial covenants on an annual basis considering our performance and financial position as of December 31 of each year. There is no assurance that we will be able to adhere to our covenants based on our results of operations and financial position as of and for the year ended December 31, 2023, or in any subsequent period, particularly considering our past fragilities. If we fail to comply with the covenants under any of our indebtedness in the future or otherwise receive waivers, we may be in default under the documents governing such indebtedness, which may entitle the lenders thereunder to accelerate their debt obligations. A default under any of our indebtedness could result in cross-defaults under our other indebtedness, which in turn could result in the acceleration of our other indebtedness that would have an adverse effect on our cash flows and liquidity. For a description of certain terms of our material financings, including our financial covenants, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—B. Liquidity and Capital Resources——Indebtedness—Restrictive and Financial Covenants.
In the future, in order to avoid defaulting on our indebtedness, we may be required to take actions such as reducing or delaying capital expenditures, reducing or eliminating dividends or share repurchases, selling assets, restructuring or refinancing all or part of our existing debt, or seeking additional equity capital, any of which may not be available on terms that are favorable to us or to our shareholders, if at all. Complying with the covenants in our many financing agreements may cause us to take actions that make it more difficult to execute our business strategy successfully and we may face competition from companies not subject to such restrictions. For more information, see “—Our payment obligations under our indebtedness may limit the funds available to us and may restrict our flexibility in operating our business.
The consummation of the Business Combination exposed us to the risk of acceleration or termination of certain of our loan and operating agreements absent our counterparties’ consent or waiver, which could adversely affect us.
Semantix is a party to several loan and operating agreements, the terms of which provide for the acceleration of the underlying indebtedness or termination in the event of a change of control, a change in share ownership structure or corporate reorganization.
As a result of and in connection with the Business Combination, Semantix went through a corporate reorganization and its direct control and share ownership structure changed. Although our original controlling shareholders remain our current controlling shareholders (for additional information, see “Item 7. Major Shareholders and Related Party Transactions—A. Major Shareholders”), the type of share transfers carried out in connection with the Business Combination required waivers under certain Brazilian law contracts.
Accordingly, we obtained relevant waivers from certain of our counterparties to address and anticipate Semantix’s change in share ownership structure as a result of the Business Combination. We received all of the relevant waivers from our lenders pursuant to which they agreed not to enforce their rights under the applicable loan agreements in relation to the share ownership changes that occurred as a result of the Business Combination.
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FORM 20-F

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We did not, however, obtain certain waivers and consents from certain of our customers under contracts that are governed by Brazilian law in connection with the Business Combination, despite the changes in Semantix’s share ownership that occurred in connection with the Business Combination. Absent receipt of a waiver, certain of our customers could endeavor to early terminate these contracts. The majority of these agreements with our customers may be terminated without cause with only 30, 60 or 90-day prior notice, thus making early termination of our customer contracts an inherent and constant core business risk that exists irrespective of any share transfers. Nevertheless, a potential event of default under certain of these agreements, including as a result of changes of Semantix share ownership, may result in their immediate termination and the payment of fines. We estimate that the total penalties that could be payable by us arising from the termination of customer contracts triggered as a result of the Business Combination and for which we did not receive waivers is approximately R$0.2 million In addition, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to replace any lost revenues with new customers or services in the event we lose any contracts as a result of the Business Combination, which could have an adverse effect on us and negatively influence our results of operations.
If we fail to comply with any covenants under any of our loan agreements, we may be in default under the documents governing such indebtedness, which may entitle the lenders thereunder to accelerate the debt obligations. A default under any of our indebtedness could result in cross-defaults under our other indebtedness, which in turn could result in the acceleration of our other indebtedness, which in turn may have an adverse effect on our cash flows and liquidity.
There are risks for which our insurance policies may not adequately cover or for which we have no insurance coverage. Insufficient insurance coverage or the materialization of such uninsured risks could adversely affect us.
Our insurance policies may not adequately cover all risks to which we are exposed, and we are subject to risks for which we are uninsured, such as war and acts of God, including hurricanes and other force majeure events. In addition, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to maintain our insurance policies in the future or that we will be able to renew them at reasonable prices or on acceptable terms, which may adversely affect our business. The occurrence of a significant loss that is not insured or compensable, or that is only partially insured or compensable, may require us to commit significant cash resources to cover such losses, which may adversely affect us.
We agree to indemnify customers and other third parties, which exposes us to substantial potential liability.
Our contracts with customers, investors, and other third parties may include indemnification provisions under which we agree to defend and indemnify them against claims and losses arising from alleged infringement, misappropriation, or other violation of intellectual property rights, data protection violations, breaches of representations and warranties, damage to property or persons, or other liabilities arising from our data solutions or services or such contracts. Although we attempt to limit our indemnity obligations, we may not be successful in doing so, and an event triggering our indemnity obligations could give rise to multiple claims involving multiple customers or other third parties. There is no assurance that our applicable insurance coverage, if any, would cover, in whole or in part, any such indemnity obligations. We may be liable for up to the full amount of the indemnified claims, which could result in substantial liability or material disruption to our business or could negatively impact our relationships with customers or other third parties, reduce demand for our data solutions and services, and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Seasonality may cause fluctuations in our results of operations.
Historically, we have received a higher volume of orders from new and existing customers during the second half of the year and, in particular, in the fourth fiscal quarter of each year. We believe that this results from the procurement, budgeting, and deployment cycles of many of our customers, particularly our large enterprise customers. We expect this seasonality to become more pronounced as we continue to target large enterprise customers. This seasonality is particularly relevant for our third-party software business, as we recognize the full amount of revenue from our third-party contracts at the point in time when we transfer possession of the license to our customer (which occurs upon our receipt of the invoice from the supplier from which we purchase the underlying license) and not over time over the course of the contract, as is the case for our proprietary SaaS business line. As a result of the high degree of seasonality in our business, our results for the first six months of any year may not be reflective of our full-year results.
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FORM 20-F

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Unfavorable conditions in our industry or the global economy could limit our ability to grow our business and negatively affect our results of operations.
Our results of operations may vary based on the impact of changes in our industry or the global economy on us or our customers and potential customers. Negative conditions in the general economy both in Brazil and abroad, including conditions resulting from changes in gross domestic product growth, financial and credit market fluctuations, international trade relations, pandemic (such as the COVID-19 pandemic), political turmoil, natural catastrophes, warfare, and terrorist attacks, could cause a decrease in business investments, including spending on data solutions, and negatively affect the growth of our business. Competitors, many of whom are larger and have greater financial resources than we do, may respond to challenging market conditions by lowering prices in an attempt to attract our customers, or may continue to innovate and invest despite external challenges in ways we are unable to due to constrained financial resources. We cannot predict the timing, strength or duration of any economic slowdown, instability or recovery, generally or within any particular industry.
The risks arising with respect to the historic business and operations of companies we acquire may be different than we anticipate and our strategic partnerships could be challenged, which could significantly increase the costs and decrease the benefits of the acquisition and materially and adversely affect our operations going forward.
Although we performed significant financial, legal, technological and business due diligence with respect to LinkAPI, Tradimus, Zetta, Elemeno and ATSaúde, we may not have appreciated, understood or fully anticipated the extent of the risks associated with their business and the acquisitions and integrations. We may discover previously unidentified contingencies of LinkAPI, Tradimus, Zetta, Elemeno or ATSaúde for which we may be liable, in our capacity as successor. These contingencies may be of a labor, social security, regulatory, civil and tax nature, among others, or refer to consumer and environmental rights. Pursuant to the agreements entered into in connection with these acquisitions, we have agreed that we will be indemnified for certain matters in order to mitigate the consequences of any breaches of certain surviving covenants and the risks associated with past operations of LinkAPI, Tradimus, Zetta, Elemeno and ATSaúde and a portion of the purchase prices shall be withheld from the sellers to cover such indemnity claims for a period of time. Although we have the benefit of the indemnification provisions of these agreements, subject to a cap under certain circumstances as described therein, our exercise of due diligence and risk mitigation strategies may not anticipate or mitigate the full risks of the acquisitions and the associated costs, including costs and expenses associated with previously unidentified contingencies. We may not be able to contain or control the costs associated with unanticipated risks or liabilities, which could materially and adversely affect our business, liquidity, capital resources or results of operations.
In addition, we have entered into a shareholders’ agreement with Excella Gestão de Saúde Populacional Ltda. (“Excella”) to govern our relationship as shareholders of Tradimus following Excella’s December 2020 investment in the company. Pursuant to this shareholders’ agreement, we are deemed to control Tradimus as of the date of this annual report by virtue of the following rights and powers vested in us pursuant to this agreement despite holding an equity interest equal to Excella’s stake:
Tradimus is managed by a board of directors and an executive board. The board of directors consists of two directors appointed by us and two directors appointed by Excella, with the chairman of the board of directors being appointed by us. Each member of the executive board is responsible for exercising the functions required of them within their area of activity;
our appointed member has the casting vote in any deadlock on the approval of any resolution by the board of directors until Tradimus is not considered a joint operation by the auditors of both us and Excella; and
the directors appointed by us have the right to appoint the chief executive officer.
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FORM 20-F

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Based on the above, since our investment in 2020 and through the date of this annual report, we concluded that we have power over Tradimus and have the ability to direct the relevant activities and operations of Tradimus through the individuals that we appoint to the board of directors and the chief executive officer of Tradimus appointed by us. From May 26, 2023, any deadlocks at the shareholders’ meeting or board of directors’ meeting will be subject to a mandatory mediation procedure, as opposed to being resolved by the casting vote of our appointed member. Accordingly, we will be required to update our analysis at that time (in accordance with IFRS 10—Consolidated financial statements) to determine whether continued consolidation is appropriate and, if not, whether our interest in Tradimus meets the definition of a joint operation or a joint venture (determination made in accordance with IFRS 11—Joint arrangements). As a result of being considered a joint operation or a joint venture, we would no longer be deemed to control Tradimus and, accordingly, Tradimus would no longer be fully consolidated in our financial statements. Moreover, if Excella challenges our control rights pursuant to the shareholders’ agreement, or such provisions vesting us with control are otherwise considered illegal or invalid, we may be unable to fully consolidate Tradimus’ results of operations even prior to May 26, 2023. Our inability to fully consolidate Tradimus in our financial statements would adversely affect our results of operations and financial position. For additional information regarding the material terms of this shareholders’ agreement, please refer to “Item 4. Information on the Company—B. Business Overview—Tradimus Healthcare Solutions.
The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic and measures taken in response thereto impact our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and are difficult to predict.
The global impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and measures taken to reduce the spread of the virus have had an adverse effect on the global macroeconomic environment, and have significantly increased economic uncertainty and reduced economic activity. Governmental authorities around the world, including in Brazil, have taken measures to try to contain the spread of COVID-19, including by implementing travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter-in-place or total lock-down orders and business limitations and shutdowns.
Currently, many restrictions have been lifted or relaxed as a result of the implementation of vaccination programs. However, despite advances in the containment of COVID-19 in 2021 and 2022, the COVID-19 pandemic remains a dynamic and continuously evolving situation with unknown short and long-term consequences that could reverse any recent improvements. For example, the spread of new strains and variants of COVID-19 could cause restrictions to be reinstated, again disrupting supply chains and economic activity at a regional or global level. Future outbreaks of COVID-19 may also require us to implement or reinstate measures to manage the risks posed by such outbreaks if and when required by government authorities, or as we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers and business partners, which could adversely affect our business and operations. There is no certainty that such measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by COVID-19.
We experienced, and may continue to experience, a modest adverse impact on certain parts of our business as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including (i) delayed progress in the development of proprietary solutions due to stalled research and development efforts and (ii) the slower than anticipated international expansion of our business, particularly in the United States, where we commenced operations in early 2020.
We took numerous actions to protect our employees and our business following the spread of COVID-19 (such as implementing a “work from home” model and adopting other measures to manage the risks posed by COVID-19, including restricting employee travel, developing social distancing plans for our employees and canceling physical participation in, and sponsorship of, events, conferences and seminars). In addition, our management team has spent, and may continue to spend, significant time, attention, and resources monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic and associated global economic uncertainty and seeking to manage its effects on our business and workforce.
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FORM 20-F

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As of this time, the COVID-19 pandemic did not severely impact the industry verticals to which we sell a significant portion of our data solutions and services (financial services, telecom, healthcare, industrials, agribusiness and retail). In fact, our most significant customers, which are large enterprises that have been resilient in light of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, have in certain circumstances accelerated their demand for the implementation of digital transformation solutions over the next few years. As a result, the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects in the longer term will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and are difficult to predict, including, but not limited to, the duration, spread and severity of the outbreak, the actions taken to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, how quickly and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions broadly resume, and the extent of the impact of these and other factors on our employees, suppliers, partners and customers. In addition, while the restrictions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic have prompted a shift to digital solutions and services that benefited our business since 2020, there can be no assurance that this shift will continue and that we will continue to benefit from our customer’s increased spending on digital transformation efforts in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Accordingly, once the COVID-19 pandemic is sufficiently controlled, we may experience decreases or decreased growth rates in sales of our data solutions and services to customers, as our prospective and existing customers may be less dependent on digital solutions, which would negatively affect our business, financial condition and operating results.
In addition, while our main customers have not been materially impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, as the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic persist, certain of our customers or partners may experience future downturns or uncertainty in their own business operations or results resulting from the spread of COVID-19, which may decrease or delay their spending, or lead to requests for pricing discounts or renegotiations of their contracts, any of which may result in decreased revenue and cash receipts for us. In addition, we may experience customer losses, including due to bankruptcy or our customers ceasing operations, which may result in an inability to collect accounts receivable from these customers. Competitors may also respond to market conditions by lowering prices and attempting to lure away our customers. We cannot predict the timing, strength, or duration of any economic slowdown, instability, or recovery, generally or within any particular industry.
The COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions could disrupt or delay the ability of employees to work because they become sick or are required to care for those who become sick, or for dependents for whom external care is not available. It could cause delays or disruptions in services provided by key suppliers and vendors, make us and our service providers more vulnerable to security breaches, denial of service attacks or other hacking or phishing attacks, or have other unpredictable effects.
Our operations may be adversely affected by a failure to renew our leases on commercially acceptable terms, or at all, and to timely obtain or renew any licenses required to operate our occupied properties.
All of our offices and our data laboratory are located in leased properties. The leases are subject to renewal, and we may not be able to renew them on terms that we deem acceptable, or at all. If we do not renew our leases, we may not be able to locate suitable replacement properties for our offices, or may be delayed in finding a new location, which could lead to an interruption in our operations and potentially adversely affect us. In addition, any inability to renew our leases at terms that we deem acceptable, or at all, may have an adverse impact on us, including the interruption of our operations.
The operation of the properties we occupy or may come to occupy are subject to certain license and certification requirements under applicable law, including operation and use licenses (alvará de licença de uso e funcionamento) from the municipalities in which we operate and certificates of inspection from applicable local fire departments. Our operations may be adversely affected by a failure to timely obtain or renew any licenses required to operate our occupied properties. Although we have obtained licenses for all of our occupied properties, we cannot assure you that we will be able to renew such licenses in a timely manner. In addition, we cannot assure you that we will obtain such licenses in a timely manner for the opening of new properties.
If we are unable to renew or obtain such licenses, we may be subject to certain penalties, which include the imposition of fines and/or the suspension or termination of our operations at the respective property. The imposition of such penalties, or, in extreme scenarios, the sealing off of the premises by relevant public authorities pending compliance with all the requirements demanded by the municipalities and fire departments, may adversely affect our operations and our ability to generate revenues at the relevant location.
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FORM 20-F

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Risks Related to Our Growth Strategy
Our growth strategy is significantly dependent on the accelerated expansion of our proprietary SaaS business, which, in turn, relies to a great extent on receptiveness to, and adoption of, our proprietary data platform that was recently developed by us and, therefore, has a limited operating track record.
Our historical operations consisted primarily of the resale of third-party software licenses. However, since 2019, we have derived an increasing portion of our revenues from our proprietary SaaS business, which consists of revenue from fees charged to our customers for our proprietary data platform software, and we expect the expansion of our proprietary SaaS business to be the main driver of growth going forward. For the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, our proprietary SaaS business accounted for 21.0%, 18.8% and 4.7% of our revenues, respectively.
While we have been offering data solutions in Brazil since 2010, the development of our proprietary data platform in its current form is relatively recent and still evolving. The recent growth of this business area may not be reflective of future growth and could slow, decline or never reach its full potential for a number of reasons, including less than expected demand for our proprietary data platform, an unwillingness of our current third-party customers to migrate to our propriety platform, increased competition, changes to technology, a decrease in the growth of our overall market, or our failure to identify and capitalize on opportunities to grow or otherwise. We have confronted, and will continue to confront, risks and uncertainties frequently experienced by growing companies in rapidly changing industries, such as the risks and uncertainties described herein. If our assumptions regarding these risks and uncertainties and the future revenue growth potential of our proprietary SaaS business are incorrect or change, or if we do not address these risks successfully, we may fail to realize our growth strategy, resulting in future operating and financial results materially different from our expectations. For example, we do not expect to reach our targets for proprietary SaaS revenues in 2023, due to, among other factors, unanticipated macroeconomic challenges coupled with the need to adjust our proprietary SaaS portfolio to accommodate evolving customer needs, resulting in the discontinuation of certain proprietary SaaS products. As we continue to focus growth efforts on the expansion of our proprietary SaaS business area, we may also continue to confront challenges that require adjustments and recalibrations to our growth strategy, which could cause our proprietary SaaS business area to underperform against expectations.
We believe our future success, growth and profitability depend significantly on the expansion of our proprietary SaaS business, and our growth estimates rely to a significant degree on our achievement of exponential growth of our proprietary SaaS business. Accordingly, if we are unable to achieve this objective, whether due to competitive difficulties, cost factors, an inability to attract clients or any other reason, our capacity to fully execute our business strategy may be limited, and our operating and financial results could differ materially from our expectations and projections, causing our business to suffer.
Our current operations are international in scope, and we plan further geographic expansion, creating a variety of operational challenges.
A component of our growth strategy involves the expansion of our operations and customer base internationally. Revenues generated from our operations outside Brazil represented 9.6%, 12.0% and 21.5% of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively. We are continuing to adapt to and develop strategies to address international markets, but there is no guarantee that such efforts will have the desired effect. For example, we anticipate that we will need to establish relationships with new partners in order to expand into certain countries, and if we fail to identify, establish and maintain such relationships, we may be unable to execute on our expansion plans. We expect that our international activities will continue to grow for the foreseeable future as we continue to pursue opportunities in existing and new international markets, which will require significant dedication of management attention and financial resources.
Our current and future international business and operations involve a variety of risks, including:
slower than anticipated public cloud adoption by international businesses;
changes in a specific country’s or region’s political, economic, or legal and regulatory environment, including the effects of pandemics, tariffs, trade wars or long-term environmental risks;
the need to adapt and localize our solutions for specific countries;
PART I
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FORM 20-F

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greater difficulty collecting accounts receivable and longer payment cycles;
unexpected changes in trade relations, regulations or laws;
new, evolving, and more stringent regulations relating to privacy and data security and the unauthorized use of, or access to, commercial and personal information, particularly in Europe;
challenges inherent in efficiently managing, and the increased costs associated with, an increased number of employees over large geographic distances, including the need to implement appropriate systems, policies, benefits and compliance programs that are specific to each jurisdiction;
difficulties in managing a business in new markets with diverse cultures, languages, customs, legal systems, alternative dispute systems and regulatory systems;
increased travel, real estate, infrastructure, and legal compliance costs associated with international operations;
currency exchange rate fluctuations and the resulting effect on our revenue and expenses, and the cost and risk of entering into hedging transactions if we choose to do so in the future;
limitations on, or charges or taxes associated with, our ability to reinvest earnings from operations in one country to fund the capital needs of our operations in other countries;
laws and business practices favoring local competitors or general market preferences for local vendors;
limited or insufficient intellectual property protection or difficulties obtaining, maintaining, protecting or enforcing our intellectual property rights, including our trademarks and patents;
political instability or terrorist activities;
COVID-19 or any other pandemics or epidemics that could result in decreased economic activity in certain markets, additional costs associated with travel, return to work or other restrictions that are specific to certain markets, decreased use of our data solutions and services, or in our decreased ability to import, export or sell our data solutions and services to existing or new customers in international markets;
exposure to liabilities under anti-corruption and anti-money laundering laws, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, U.S. bribery laws, the U.K. Bribery Act, and similar laws and regulations in other jurisdictions;
burdens of complying with laws and regulations related to labor and taxation; and
regulations, adverse tax burdens, and foreign exchange controls that could make it difficult or costly to repatriate earnings and cash.
We expect to invest substantial time and resources to further expand our international operations and, if we are unable to do so successfully and in a timely manner, our business and results of operations will be adversely affected.
If we fail to maintain or grow our brand recognition, our ability to expand our customer base will be impaired and our financial condition may suffer.
We believe that maintaining and growing the Semantix brand is important to supporting continued acceptance of our existing and future data solutions and services, attracting new customers to our proprietary data platform, and retaining existing customers, particularly as our growth strategy depends on our self-developed proprietary data platform, as we aim to reduce our dependence on third-party software.
We also believe that the importance of brand recognition will increase as competition in our market increases. Successfully maintaining our brand will depend largely on the effectiveness of our marketing efforts, our ability to provide a reliable and useful platform to meet the needs of our customers at competitive prices, our ability to maintain our customers’ trust, our ability to continue to develop new functionalities and solutions, and our ability to successfully differentiate our proprietary data platform from competitive data solutions and services.
PART I
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FORM 20-F

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Additionally, our business partners’ performance may affect our brand and reputation if customers do not have a positive experience. Our efforts to build and maintain our brand have involved and will continue to involve significant expense. Brand promotion activities may not generate customer awareness or yield increased revenue. Even if they do, any increased revenue may not offset the expenses we incurred in building our brand. We strive to establish and maintain our brand in part by obtaining trademark rights. However, if our trademarks are not adequately protected, we may not be able to build name recognition in our markets of interest and our competitive position may be harmed. If we fail to successfully promote, protect and maintain our brand, we may fail to attract enough new customers or retain our existing customers to realize a sufficient return on our brand- building efforts, and our business could suffer.
Acquisitions, strategic investments, partnerships or alliances could be difficult to identify, pose integration challenges, divert the attention of management, disrupt our business, dilute shareholder value and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We have in the past and may in the future seek to acquire or invest in businesses, joint ventures, and platform technologies that we believe could complement or expand our data solutions and services, enhance our technology, or otherwise offer growth opportunities. Any such acquisitions or investments may divert the attention of management and cause us to incur various expenses in identifying, investigating, and pursuing suitable opportunities, whether or not the transactions are completed, and may result in unforeseen operating difficulties and expenditures. In particular, we may encounter difficulties assimilating or integrating the businesses, technologies, products, personnel or operations of any acquired companies, particularly if the key personnel of an acquired company choose not to work for us, their software is not easily adapted to work with our proprietary data platform or we have difficulty retaining the customers of any acquired business due to changes in ownership, management or otherwise. Any such transactions that we are able to complete may not result in the synergies or other benefits we expect to achieve, which could result in substantial impairment charges. These transactions could also result in dilutive issuances of equity securities or the incurrence of debt, which could adversely affect our results of operations.
If we are unable to maintain our corporate culture as we grow, we could lose the innovation, teamwork, passion and focus on execution that we believe contribute to our success, and our business may be harmed.
We believe a critical component to our success has been our corporate culture. We have invested substantial time and resources in building our team. As we grow and develop our infrastructure as a public company, our operations may become increasingly complex. We may find it difficult to maintain these important aspects of our corporate culture. Any failure to preserve our culture could negatively affect our future success, including our ability to retain and recruit personnel, and to effectively focus on and pursue our corporate objectives.
The estimates of market opportunity and forecasts of market growth included in this annual report may prove to be inaccurate. Even if the market in which we compete achieves the forecasted growth, our business could fail to grow at similar rates, if at all.
This annual report contains market and industry data, estimates and statistics obtained from third-party sources. While we believe such information to be reliable in general, we have not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of any such third-party information. Such information may not have been prepared on a comparable basis or may not be consistent with other sources. Similarly, this annual report contains information based on or derived from internal company surveys, studies and research that have not been independently verified by third-party sources. Industry data, projections and estimates are subject to inherent uncertainty as they necessarily require certain assumptions and judgments.
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FORM 20-F

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In addition, the market for data solutions is relatively new and will experience changes over time. Data market estimates and growth forecasts, including for our proprietary SaaS business, are uncertain and based on assumptions and estimates that may be inaccurate. Our addressable market depends on a number of factors, including changes in the competitive landscape, technological changes, data security or privacy concerns, customer budgetary constraints, changes in business practices, changes in the regulatory environment, and changes in economic conditions. Moreover, geographic markets and the industries we operate in are not rigidly defined or subject to standard definitions. Accordingly, our use of the terms referring to our geographic markets and industries may be subject to interpretation, and the resulting industry data, projections and estimates may not be reliable. Our estimates and forecasts relating to the size and expected growth of our market may prove to be inaccurate and our ability to produce accurate estimates and forecasts may in the future be impacted by the economic uncertainty associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as with other macroeconomic factors to which we are subject (see “—Risks Related to Our Operations in Latin America” below). Even if the market in which we compete meets the size estimates and growth rates we forecast, our business could fail to grow at similar rates, if at all. For these reasons, you should not place undue reliance on such information.
Failure to effectively develop and expand our sales and marketing capabilities could harm our ability to increase our customer base and achieve broader market acceptance of our data solutions and proprietary data platform.
We must expand our sales and marketing organization to increase our sales to new and existing customers. We plan to continue expanding our direct and indirect sales force, both domestically and internationally. It may require significant time and resources to effectively onboard new sales and marketing personnel. Once a new customer begins using our data solutions and services, our sales team will need to continue to focus on expanding consumption with that customer. All of these efforts will require us to invest significant financial and other resources, including in industries and sales channels in which we have limited experience to date. Our business and results of operations will be harmed if our sales and marketing efforts generate increases in revenue that are smaller than anticipated. We may not achieve anticipated revenue growth from expanding our sales force if we are unable to hire, develop, integrate and retain talented and effective sales personnel, if our new and existing sales personnel are unable to achieve desired productivity levels in a reasonable period of time, or if our sales and marketing programs are not effective.
We may require additional capital to support the growth of our business, and this capital might not be available on acceptable terms, if at all.
We have funded our operations since inception primarily through equity financings, loans and borrowings from financial institutions and our operations. We cannot be certain when or if our operations will generate sufficient cash to fully fund our ongoing operations or the growth of our business. We intend to continue to make investments to support our business, which may require us to engage in equity or debt financings to secure additional funds. Additional financing may not be available on terms favorable to us, if at all. If adequate funds are not available on acceptable terms, we may be unable to invest in future growth opportunities, which could harm our business, operating results and financial conditions. If we incur new debt, the debt holders would have rights senior to holders of common stock to make claims on our assets, and the terms of any debt could restrict our operations, including our ability to pay dividends on our common stock.
PART I
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FORM 20-F

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Following the Business Combination, we have 18,499,984 Warrants outstanding, each Warrant being exercisable for one Ordinary Share at an exercise price of $11.50. Whether warrantholders will exercise their Warrants, and therefore the amount of cash proceeds we would receive upon exercise, is dependent upon the trading price of the Ordinary Shares, the last reported sales price for which was $4.39 per share on March 31, 2023. Therefore, if and when the trading price of the Ordinary Shares is less than $11.50, we expect that warrantholders would not exercise their Warrants. We could receive up to an aggregate of approximately $212,750,000 if all of the Warrants are exercised for cash, but we would only receive such proceeds if and when the warrantholders exercise the Warrants which, based on the current trading price of our Ordinary Shares, is unlikely unless there is a relevant increase in trading price. The Warrants may not be or remain in the money during the period they are exercisable and prior to their expiration and, therefore, it is possible that the Warrants may not be exercised prior to their expiration on August 3, 2027, even if they are in the money, and as such, may expire worthless with minimal proceeds received by us, if any, from the exercise of Warrants. To the extent that any of the Warrants are exercised on a “cashless basis,” we will not receive any proceeds upon such exercise. As a result, we do not expect to rely on the cash exercise of Warrants to fund our operations. Instead, we intend to rely on other sources of cash discussed elsewhere in this annual report to continue to fund our operations. See “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—B. Liquidity and Capital Resources—Indebtedness.” If we are unable to raise additional funds through equity or debt financings when needed, we may be required to delay, limit, or substantially reduce the development of our proprietary SaaS solutions and go-to-market efforts.
Furthermore, if we issue additional equity securities, shareholders will experience dilution, and the new equity securities could have rights senior to those of our Ordinary Shares. Because the decision to issue securities in the future will depend on numerous considerations, including factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of any future issuances of debt or equity securities. As a result, our shareholders bear the risk of future issuances of debt or equity securities reducing the value of our Ordinary Shares and diluting their interests.
If we are unable to obtain sufficient funding on a timely basis and on acceptable terms and continue as a going concern, we may be required to significantly curtail, delay, or discontinue our operations.
If we are unable to obtain sufficient funding on a timely basis and on acceptable terms and continue as a going concern, we may be required to significantly curtail, delay, or discontinue our operations. In general, we may be unable to expand our operations or otherwise capitalize on business opportunities, and defend against and prosecute litigation necessary to conduct our business as desired, which could materially affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. If we are ultimately unable to continue as a going concern, we may have to seek the protection of bankruptcy laws or liquidate our assets and may receive less than the value at which those assets are carried on our financial statements, and it is likely that our securityholders will lose all or a part of their investment.
We prepared certain projected financial and operating information in connection with the Business Combination, which relied in large part upon assumptions and analyses developed by us and third-party sources and were based on our ability to achieve, among other factors, certain growth milestones in accordance with our business plans. Certain of the estimates and assumptions on which our projected financial and operating information were based proved, and may again in the future prove, to be inaccurate in light of subsequent events and circumstances, which has caused, and may again in the future cause, our actual results to materially differ from our historical projections, and which may adversely affect our future profitability, cash flows and the market price of our Ordinary Shares.
We prepared projected financial and operating information in connection with the Business Combination (which was considered by the board of directors of Alpha in approving the Business Combination), reflecting certain estimates and beliefs regarding our future performance and ability to grow (the “Projections”). In particular, among other factors, the Projections assumed a pace of growth in relation to our proprietary SaaS business area that remains subject to a significant degree of uncertainty, various contingencies and other variables (for additional information and uncertainties related to the growth of our proprietary SaaS business area, see “—Our growth strategy is significantly dependent on the accelerated expansion of our proprietary SaaS business, which, in turn, relies to a great extent on receptiveness to, and adoption of, our proprietary data platform that was recently developed by us and, therefore, has a limited operating track record”). As a result of the difficulty in estimating revenue growth projections, among other factors, we updated our Projections prior to the Closing to, among other matters (i) reduce revenue projections (and adjust expectations regarding product mix), (ii) increase projected selling, general and administrative expenses and (iii) decrease EBITDA projections, all reflecting our evolving understanding of our growth prospects at the time the updated Projections were made.
PART I
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FORM 20-F

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Important factors may still affect actual results and cause expected results not to be achieved including, among other matters, risks and uncertainties relating to our business, industry performance, and general business and economic conditions as described in this “Risk Factors” section, such as the ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine and other political and macroeconomic factors, especially considering Brazil’s new administration as of January 1, 2023. In addition, actual consumer demand for the data solutions and services we sell, particularly demand for our proprietary data platform, will strongly impact actual results in a way that could be materially different from our Projections, particularly as the Projections substantially relied on a significant shift in our product mix, from third-party software solutions to higher-margin proprietary data solutions, and there is no guarantee that such migration will actually occur (for additional information and uncertainties related thereto, see “—Risks Related to Our Growth Strategy—Our growth strategy is significantly dependent on the accelerated expansion of our proprietary SaaS business, which, in turn, relies to a great extent on receptiveness to, and adoption of, our proprietary data platform that was recently developed by us and, therefore, has a limited operating track record”). The Projections also reflected assumptions as to certain business decisions and strategy that are subject to change.
We believe that our preparation of updated Projections prior to the Closing and our management’s inability to rely on the original Projections as an accurate reflection of our future performance also highlights the inherent limitations of our ability to accurately forecast our future performance due to the significant uncertainties, contingencies and numerous variables that were incorporated into the Projections, many of which are outside of our control. Our actual results for 2022 have differed, and in 2023 may differ, in material ways from the Projections for those same reasons underlying our decision to update the original Projections or otherwise. We may not be able to successfully implement our growth strategies which may cause actual results to differ materially from the Projections.
Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will be able to meet our goals and projections disclosed in connection with the Business Combination, and actual results may differ, and may differ materially, from our goals and targets. For example, we do not expect to reach our targets for proprietary SaaS revenues in 2023, due to, among other factors, unanticipated macroeconomic challenges coupled with the need to adjust our proprietary SaaS portfolio to accommodate evolving customer needs with the ultimate objective to grow profitably, resulting in the discontinuation of certain proprietary SaaS products. As we continue to focus growth efforts on the expansion of our proprietary SaaS business area, we may continue to confront challenges that require adjustments and recalibrations to our growth strategy.
If we are unable to increase sales of our proprietary SaaS products, in line with our strategy to adjust product mix, favoring a shift towards proprietary SaaS products, or if we are unable to attract new customers or otherwise efficiently serve our existing customers, we may be unable to meet our projected financial targets according to our timing expectations, or at all. Despite the increase in revenues from our proprietary SaaS business line in 2022 compared to 2021, we may not reach our proprietary SaaS growth targets, which may also impact our ability to meet our projected targets for gross profit, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA, particularly since our proprietary SaaS solutions have better margins than our third-party software products. In addition, we have incurred higher than expected operating expenses, including as a result of increased expenses related to the Business Combination and as a result of being a U.S. public company. Any general economic, business or industry conditions that cause customers or potential customers to reduce or delay their purchases of data solutions or services, or any inability by us to deliver products or service in accordance with customer expectations, could have a material adverse effect on us and our prospects and projected financial performance. Worldwide economic conditions could have an effect on the demand for our data solutions and services and could result in declining revenue and earnings.
In addition, the Projections have not been independently verified or confirmed by any third party. In particular, PricewaterhouseCoopers Auditores Independentes Ltda. has not audited, reviewed, examined, compiled or applied agreed-upon procedures with respect to the Projections, and has not expressed an opinion or any other form of assurance with respect to such data.
PART I
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FORM 20-F

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Risks Related to Our Cybersecurity and Intellectual Property
If we, our suppliers or our third-party service providers experience an actual or perceived security breach or unauthorized parties otherwise obtain access to our customers’ data or our data, our data solutions and services may be perceived as not being secure, our reputation may be harmed, demand for our data solutions and services may be reduced and we may incur significant liabilities.
We are heavily dependent upon information technology systems, infrastructure and data to operate our business and solutions. The data solutions that we offer (including our proprietary data platform and the third- party platforms from which we purchase software licenses for resale) process, store, and transmit our customers’ and partners’ proprietary, confidential and sensitive data, such as personal, health and financial information. We also rely on third-party information technology systems in connection with our operations. For example, our proprietary data platform is built to be available on the infrastructure of third-party public cloud providers, such as AWS, Azure and GCP. We also use third-party service providers and sub-processors to help us deliver services to our customers and their end-users. These vendors may store or process proprietary, confidential, and sensitive data such as personal information, protected health information, or other information of our employees, our partners, our customers, or our customers’ end-users. We collect such information from individuals located both in Brazil and abroad and may store or process such information outside the country in which it was collected. While we, our suppliers, our third-party service providers and our sub-processors have implemented or are contractually obligated to implement security measures designed to protect against security breaches, these measures could fail or may be insufficient, resulting in the unauthorized disclosure, access, acquisition, modification, misuse, destruction, or loss of our, our customers’, or our partners’ data. Any security breach of our proprietary data platform or that of our suppliers from which we purchase software licenses for resale, our operational systems, physical facilities, or the systems of our third-party service providers or sub-processors, or the perception that one has occurred, could result in litigation, indemnity obligations, regulatory enforcement actions, investigations, administrative fines, mitigation and remediation costs, disputes, reputational harm, diversion of management’s attention, and other liabilities and damage to our business. Although our supplier qualification and monitoring process has improved with the implementation of a supplier evaluation policy, we do not control the security measures of suppliers, third-party service providers or sub processors, and we may be responsible for any breach by such parties.
Cyber-attacks, denial-of-service attacks, ransomware attacks, business email compromises, computer malware viruses, and social engineering (including phishing) are prevalent in our industry and our customers’ industries and have generally increased as the number, intensity and sophistication of attempted attacks and intrusions from around the world have increased. In addition to such attacks, we and our third-party vendors may experience unavailable systems, unauthorized, accidental or unlawful access, acquisition or disclosure of information due to employee error, theft or misuse, sophisticated nation-state and nation-state supported actors, and advanced persistent threat intrusions. The techniques used to sabotage or to obtain unauthorized access to our proprietary data platform, systems, networks, or physical facilities in which data is stored or through which data is transmitted change frequently, and we may be unable to implement adequate preventative measures or stop security breaches prior to or while they are occurring. The recovery systems, security protocols, network protection mechanisms, and other security measures that we have integrated into our proprietary data platform, systems, networks and physical facilities, which are designed to protect against, detect, and minimize security breaches, may not be adequate to prevent or detect service interruption, system failure or data loss. We may in the future become the target of cyber-attacks by third parties seeking unauthorized access to our or our customers’ or partners’ data or to disrupt our operations or ability to provide our services. Third parties may also exploit vulnerabilities in, or obtain unauthorized access to, platforms, systems, networks or physical facilities utilized by our suppliers or third-party processors. We may not be able to anticipate all types of security threats, and we may not be able to implement preventive measures effective against all such security threats. The techniques used by cyber criminals change frequently, may not be recognized until launched, and can originate from a wide variety of sources, including outside groups, such as external service providers and hostile foreign governments or agencies. In addition, our or our third-party vendors’ systems may be vulnerable to breakdown or other interruptions from system malfunctions, natural disasters, terrorism, war and telecommunication and electrical failures.
PART I
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FORM 20-F

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We have contractual and other legal obligations to notify relevant stakeholders of security breaches. Most jurisdictions have enacted laws requiring companies to notify individuals, regulatory authorities and others of security breaches involving certain types of data. In addition, our agreements with certain customers and partners may require us to notify them in the event of a security breach. We may have an obligation under data protection laws to notify data protection authorities or affected individuals. Such mandatory disclosures are costly, could lead to negative publicity, may cause our customers or partners to lose confidence in the effectiveness of our security measures, divert management’s attention, lead to governmental investigations, administrative fines, and require us to expend significant capital and other resources to respond to or alleviate problems caused by any actual or perceived security breach. Any security breach or effort to mitigate security vulnerabilities could result in unexpected interruptions, delays, cessation of service and other harm to our business and our competitive position.
A security breach of our or our third-party vendors’ systems may cause us to breach customer contracts. Our agreements with certain customers may require us to use industry-standard or reasonable measures to safeguard proprietary, personal or confidential information. A security breach of our or our third-party vendors’ systems could lead to claims by our customers, their end-users, or other relevant stakeholders that we have failed to comply with such contractual or other legal obligations. As a result, we could be subject to legal action (including representative actions and other class type litigation, which may lead to the imposition of administrative fines) and our customers could end their relationships with us. There can be no assurance that any limitations of liability in our contracts would be enforceable or adequate or would otherwise protect us from liabilities or damages.
Litigation resulting from security breaches may adversely affect our business. Unauthorized access to our proprietary data platform, systems, networks, or physical facilities could result in litigation with our customers, our customers’ end-users or other relevant stakeholders. These proceedings could force us to spend money in defense or settlement, divert management’s time and attention, increase our costs of doing business, or adversely affect our reputation. We could be required to fundamentally change our business activities and practices or modify our proprietary data platform capabilities in response to such litigation, which could be costly and have an adverse effect on our business. If a security breach were to occur and the confidentiality, integrity or availability of our data or the data of our partners, our customers or our customers’ end-users was disrupted, we could incur significant liability, or our proprietary data platform, systems or networks may be perceived as less desirable, which could negatively affect our business and damage our reputation.
If we fail to detect or remediate a security breach in a timely manner, or a breach otherwise affects a large amount of data of one or more customers or partners, or if we suffer a cyber-attack that impacts our ability to operate our proprietary data platform, we may suffer material damage to our reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations. Further, the policy coverage of our current or any future cybersecurity insurance may be insufficient. Accordingly, the successful assertion of one or more large claims against us could have an adverse effect on our business. Our risks are likely to increase as we continue to expand our proprietary data platform and geographic footprint, grow our customer and partner base, and process, store and transmit increasingly large amounts of data.
In addition, we, our customers and the third-party suppliers upon which we rely may be vulnerable to a heightened risk of cyber-attacks as a result of the recent invasion of Ukraine by Russia, the impact of sanctions against Russia and the potential for retaliatory acts from Russia, given that nation-state actors may engage in cyber-attacks for geopolitical reasons and in conjunction with military conflicts and defense activities. For example, there have been publicized threats to increase cyber-attack activity against the critical infrastructure of any nation or organization that retaliates against Russia for its invasion of Ukraine. While we maintain and continue to improve our security measures and reinforce our internal controls as a result of being a public company, we may be unable to adequately anticipate security threats or to implement adequate preventative measures, in part, because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or sabotage systems change frequently and generally are not identified until they are launched against a target. Other than reinforcement of our cybersecurity policies in anticipation of being a public company, we have not taken any other specific actions to mitigate the increased risk of cyber-attacks resulting from the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine and do not immediately intend to implement any such actions given our current assessment of risk and the current geographic scope of our operations. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or prospects.
PART I
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FORM 20-F

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We rely on third-party and open-source software for our data solutions. Our inability to obtain third-party licenses for such software, or obtain them on favorable terms, or any errors or failures caused by such software could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, our use of open-source software could negatively affect our ability to sell our data solutions and subject us to possible litigation.
Some of our offerings include software or other intellectual property licensed from third parties. It may be necessary in the future to renew our license agreements relating to various aspects of our offerings or to seek new licenses for existing or new offerings. Necessary licenses may not be available on acceptable terms that allow our data solutions offerings to remain competitive, or at all. In addition, a third party may assert that we or our customers are in breach of the terms of a license, which could, among other things, give such third party the right to terminate a license or seek damages from us, or both. Termination by the licensor would cause us to lose valuable rights and could prevent us from selling our products and services. Our inability to obtain certain licenses or other rights, or to obtain such licenses or rights on favorable terms, could result in delays in data solution releases until equivalent technology can be identified, licensed or developed, if at all, and integrated into our proprietary data platform, which may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, we may be subject to liability if third-party software that we license is found to infringe, misappropriate or otherwise violate intellectual property rights of others and we may be unable to continue using such third-party software. As a result, our business and results of operations could be harmed.
Third parties may also allege that we are infringing, misappropriating or otherwise violating their intellectual property rights and that additional licenses are required for our use of their software or intellectual property, and we may be unable to obtain such licenses on commercially reasonable terms or at all. The inclusion in our offerings of software or other intellectual property licensed from third parties on a non-exclusive basis could also limit our ability to differentiate our offerings from those of our competitors. To the extent that our data solutions depend upon the successful operation of third-party software, any undetected errors or defects in, or failures of, such third-party software could also impair the functionality of data solutions, delay new feature introductions, result in a failure of our data solutions, and injure our reputation. Many third-party software providers attempt to impose limitations on their liability for such errors, defects or failures, and if enforceable, we may have additional liability to our customers that could harm our reputation and increase our operating costs.
In addition, some of our data solutions (including our proprietary data platform) incorporate open-source software, and we expect to continue to incorporate open-source software in our data solutions in the future. Open-source software is generally freely accessible, usable and modifiable. Few of the licenses applicable to open-source software have been interpreted by courts, and there is a risk that these licenses could be construed in a manner that could impose unanticipated conditions or restrictions on our ability to commercialize our data solutions. Moreover, although we have implemented policies to regulate the use and incorporation of open-source software into our data solutions, we cannot be certain that we have not incorporated open-source software in our data solutions in a manner that is inconsistent with such policies. If we fail to comply with open-source licenses or use open-source software in a manner which is inconsistent with our policies, we may be subject to certain requirements, including requirements that we offer our data solutions that incorporate the open-source software for no cost, that we discontinue our data solutions that incorporate the open-source software, that we make available source code for modifications or derivative works we create based upon, incorporating or using the open-source software and that we license such modifications or derivative works under the terms of applicable open-source licenses. If an author or other third party that distributes such open-source software were to allege that we had not complied with the conditions of one or more of these licenses, we could be required to incur significant legal expenses defending against such allegations and could be subject to significant damages, enjoined from generating revenue from customers using data solutions that contained the open-source software and required to comply with onerous conditions or restrictions on these data solutions. In any of these events, we and our customers could be required to seek licenses from third parties in order to continue offering our data solutions and to re-engineer our data solutions or discontinue offering our data solutions to customers in the event we cannot re-engineer them on a timely basis. Any of the foregoing could require us to devote additional research and development resources to re-engineer our data solutions, could result in customer dissatisfaction and may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. Additionally, the use of certain open-source software can lead to greater risks that the use of third-party commercial software, as open-source licensors generally make their open-source software available “as-is” and do not provide updates, warranties, support, indemnities or other contractual protections regarding infringement or other intellectual property-related claims or quality of the code.
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Our intellectual property rights may not protect our business or provide us with a competitive advantage.
To be successful, we must protect our technology and brand in Brazil and other jurisdictions through trademarks, trade secrets, patents, copyrights, service marks, invention assignments, contractual restrictions, and other intellectual property rights and confidentiality procedures.
We have taken measures to protect our trade secrets and proprietary information, but these measures may not be effective. Despite our efforts to implement these protections, they may not protect our business or provide us with a competitive advantage for a variety of reasons, including:
the failure by us to obtain, maintain and defend patents and other intellectual property rights for important innovations or maintain appropriate confidentiality and other protective measures to establish and maintain our trade secrets;
uncertainty in, and evolution of, legal standards relating to the validity, enforceability and scope of protection of intellectual property rights;
potential invalidation or narrowing of our intellectual property rights through administrative processes or litigation;
any inability by us to detect infringement, misappropriation or other violations of our intellectual property rights by third parties; and
other practical, resource, or business limitations on our ability to enforce our rights.
Further, the laws of certain countries, including countries where we have not applied for patent protection or trademark or other intellectual property registration, may not be as protective of intellectual property and proprietary rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States, and mechanisms for enforcement of intellectual property and proprietary rights may be inadequate. Therefore, in certain jurisdictions, we may be unable to protect our proprietary technology adequately against unauthorized third-party copying, infringement or use, which could adversely affect our competitive position. Filing, prosecuting, maintaining, and defending our intellectual property in all or many countries throughout the world may be prohibitively expensive, and we may choose to forgo such activities in some applicable jurisdictions. The lack of adequate legal protections of intellectual property or failure of legal remedies or related actions in jurisdictions outside of the United States or failure to obtain sufficient intellectual property protection could impede our ability to market our products, negatively affect our competitive position and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects. As a result, we may encounter significant problems in protecting and defending our intellectual property or proprietary rights abroad.
We enter into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with our employees. These agreements generally require that all confidential information or intellectual property developed by the individual or made known to the individual by us during the course of the individual’s relationship with us be kept confidential and not disclosed to third parties. We cannot assure you that these agreements will be effective in controlling access to, use of, and distribution of our proprietary information or in effectively securing exclusive ownership of intellectual property developed by our employees, and that all intellectual property developed by the individual during the course of employment be assigned to us. For example, we may be unsuccessful in executing such an agreement with each party who, in fact, conceives or develops intellectual property that we regard as our own. The assignment of intellectual property rights may not be self-executing, or the assignment agreements may be breached, and we may be forced to bring claims against third parties, or defend claims that they may bring against us, to determine the ownership of what we regard as our intellectual property. Further, these agreements may not prevent our competitors from independently developing technologies that are substantially equivalent or superior to our data solutions and services.
Additionally, we may also be exposed to material risks of theft or unauthorized reverse engineering of our proprietary information and other intellectual property, including technical data, data sets, or other sensitive information. Our efforts to enforce our intellectual property rights may be inadequate to obtain a significant commercial advantage from the intellectual property that we develop, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Moreover, if we are unable to prevent the disclosure of our trade secrets to third parties, or if our competitors independently develop any of our trade secrets, we may not be able to establish or maintain a competitive advantage in our market, which could seriously harm our business.
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FORM 20-F

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Litigation may be necessary to enforce our intellectual property or proprietary rights, protect our trade secrets, or determine the validity and scope of proprietary rights claimed by others. Any enforcement of our intellectual property may provoke third parties to assert counterclaims against us, which could result in the loss of our intellectual property rights. If we are unable to prevent third parties from infringing, misappropriating or otherwise violating our intellectual property or are required to incur substantial expenses defending our intellectual property rights, our business, financial condition, and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.
Our success depends, in part, on our ability to develop our business without infringing, misappropriating or otherwise violating the intellectual property or proprietary rights of others. Claims by third parties that we infringe, misappropriate or otherwise violate their intellectual property rights could harm our business. Our competitors and other third parties may hold or obtain intellectual property rights that could prevent, limit or interfere with our ability to make, use, develop, sell or market our data solutions and services. From time to time, we may be subject to claims of infringement, misappropriation, or other violation of patents or other intellectual property rights and related litigation. If we are found to infringe, misappropriate or otherwise violate any third-party intellectual property, we may be required to obtain a license to such third-party intellectual property, make ongoing royalty or license payments, cease offering our products or using certain technologies, require us to redesign affected products, enter into costly settlement or license agreements or pay substantial damage awards, or face a temporary or permanent injunction prohibiting us from marketing or selling certain of our products or comply with other unfavorable terms. Furthermore, we could be found liable for treble damages and attorneys’ fees, if we are found to have willfully infringed a patent or other intellectual property right. If we are required to obtain a license from any third party, such license may not be available at all or on commercially reasonable terms.
Any litigation, whether or not resolved in our favor and regardless of merit, could result in significant expense to us, be time consuming and divert the efforts of our technical and management personnel. Additionally, because of the substantial amount of discovery required in connection with intellectual property litigation, there is a risk that some of our confidential information could be compromised by disclosure during any intellectual property-related litigation. In addition, there could be public announcements of the results of hearings, motions, or other interim proceedings or developments, and if securities analysts or investors perceive these results to be negative, it could have a substantial adverse effect on the price of our common stock. Any of the foregoing could cause potential customers to refrain from purchasing our data solutions or services or otherwise cause us reputational harm and result in substantial costs, negative publicity and diversion of resources and management attention, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
If we are unable to protect the confidentiality of our trade secrets and know-how, our business and competitive position would be harmed.
We rely on trade secrets and proprietary know-how protection for our confidential and proprietary information, including our software code, and we have taken security measures to protect this information, including by entering into confidentiality agreements with parties who have access to them, such as our employees, collaborators, contract manufacturers, consultants, advisors, and other third parties. These measures, however, may not provide adequate protection for our trade secrets, know-how or other confidential information. We cannot guarantee that we have entered into such agreements with each party that may have or have had access to our trade secrets or proprietary technology and processes. Moreover, there can be no assurance that any confidentiality agreements that we have with our employees, consultants or other third parties will provide meaningful protection for our trade secrets, know-how and confidential information or will provide adequate remedies in the event of unauthorized use or disclosure of such information. Despite these efforts, any of these parties may breach the agreements and disclose our proprietary information, including our trade secrets, and we may not be able to obtain adequate remedies for such breaches. Monitoring unauthorized uses and disclosures is difficult. Accordingly, there also can be no assurance that our trade secrets or know-how will not otherwise become known or be independently developed by competitors or other third parties, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
Enforcing a claim that a party illegally disclosed or misappropriated a trade secret can be difficult, expensive and time-consuming, and the outcome is unpredictable. In addition, trade secrets may be independently developed by others in a manner that could prevent legal recourse by us. If any of our confidential or proprietary information, such as our trade secrets, were to be disclosed or misappropriated, or if any such information was independently developed by a competitor, our competitive position could be materially and adversely harmed.
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If our trademarks, service marks and trade names are not adequately protected, we may not be able to build or maintain name recognition in our markets of interest, and our competitive position may be harmed.
The registered or unregistered trademarks, service marks or trade names (collectively, “trademarks”) that we own may be challenged, infringed, circumvented, declared generic or descriptive, lapsed or determined to be infringing on or dilutive of other marks. During trademark registration proceedings, we may receive rejections of our applications by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) or in other foreign jurisdictions. Although we are given an opportunity to respond to such rejections, we may be unable to overcome them. In addition, in the USPTO and in comparable agencies in many foreign jurisdictions, third parties are given an opportunity to oppose pending trademark applications and to seek to cancel registered trademarks. Opposition or cancellation proceedings may be filed against our trademarks, which may not survive such proceedings. Furthermore, owning and maintaining a trademark registration may not provide an adequate defense against a subsequent infringement claim asserted by the owner of a senior trademark. We may not be able to protect our rights in these trademarks, which we need in order to build name recognition with potential customers. In addition, third parties may file for registration of trademarks similar or identical to our trademarks, thereby impeding our ability to build brand identity and possibly leading to market confusion and loss of goodwill. If they succeed in registering or developing common-law rights in such trademarks, and if we are not successful in challenging such third-party rights, we may not be able to use these trademarks to develop brand recognition of our technologies, products or services. In addition, there could be potential trademark infringement or unfair competition claims brought by owners of other registered trademarks or trademarks that incorporate variations of or are similar to our registered or unregistered trademarks. Over the long term, if we are unable to establish name recognition based on our trademarks, we may not be able to compete effectively, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
Risks Related to Our Compliance, Tax, Legal, and Regulatory Environment
Internet regulation in Brazil is recent and still limited and several legal issues related to the internet are uncertain.
In 2014, Brazil enacted a law, which we refer to as the Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet (Marco Civil da Internet), setting forth principles, guarantees, rights and duties for the use of the Internet in Brazil, including provisions about internet service provider liability, internet user privacy and internet neutrality. In May 2016, further regulations were passed in connection with the referred law. The administrative penalties imposed by the Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet include notification, fines (up to 10% of the revenues of the relevant entity’s economic group in Brazil in the preceding fiscal year) and suspension or prohibition from engaging in data processing activities. The Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet also determines joint and several liability between foreign parent companies and the local Brazilian subsidiary for the payment of fines that may be imposed for breach of its provisions. Administrative penalties may be applied cumulatively. Daily fines may be imposed in judicial proceedings, as a way to compel compliance with a Brazilian court order. If for any reason a company fails to comply with the court order, the fine can reach significant amounts. We may be subject to liability under these laws and regulations should we fail to adequately comply with the Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet.
However, unlike in the United States, little case law exists around the Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet and existing jurisprudence has not been consistent. Legal uncertainty arising from the limited guidance provided by current laws in force allows for different judges or courts to decide very similar claims in different ways and establish contradictory jurisprudence. This legal uncertainty allows for rulings against us and could set adverse precedents, which individually or in the aggregate could seriously harm our business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, legal uncertainty may harm our customers’ perception and use of our data solutions and services.
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FORM 20-F

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We and our customers may be subject to new and evolving privacy and data protection-related laws and regulations that impose obligations in connection with the collection, storage, use, processing, disclosure, protection, transmission, retention and disposal of personal, sensitive, regulated or confidential data.
The privacy and security of personal, sensitive, regulated or confidential data is a major focus in our industry and we and our customers that use our data solutions and services are subject to federal, state, local and foreign privacy and data protection-related laws and regulations that impose obligations in connection with the collection, storage, use, processing, disclosure, protection, transmission, retention and disposal of personal, sensitive, regulated or confidential data. Laws and regulations governing data privacy, data protection and information security are constantly evolving and there has been an increasing focus on privacy and data protection issues with the potential to affect our business. The nature of our business exposes us to risks related to possible shortcomings in data protection and information security laws and regulations. Any perceived or actual unauthorized disclosure of personally identifiable information, whether through breach of our network by an unauthorized party, employee theft, misuse or error or otherwise, including the data protection of our customers, the end-consumers of our customers and employees or third parties, could harm our reputation, impair our ability to attract and retain our customers, or subject us to claims or litigation arising from damages suffered by individuals.
Law No. 13,709/2018 (Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados Pessoais, or “LGPD”), came into force on September 18, 2020 to regulate the processing of personal data in Brazil. The LGPD applies to individuals or legal entities, either private or governmental entities, that process or collect personal data in Brazil and which processing activities aim at offering or supplying goods or services to data subjects located in Brazil. The LGPD establishes detailed rules for, but not limited to, the collection, use, processing and storage of personal data and affect all economic sectors, including the relationship between customers and suppliers of goods and services, employees and employers and other relationships in which personal data is collected and processed, whether in a digital or physical environment.
Since the entry into force of the LGPD, all processing agents/legal entities are required to adapt their data processing activities to comply with this new set of rules. We have implemented changes to our policies and procedures designed to ensure our compliance with the relevant requirements under the LGPD. Even so, as it is a recent law, the National Data Protection Authority (Autoridade Nacional de Proteção de Dados, or the “ANPD”) as regulatory agency may raise other relevant issues or provide new guidance that will require further action from the company to remain fully compliant.
The penalties for violations of the LGPD include: (i) warnings imposing a deadline for the adoption of corrective measures; (ii) a fine of up to 2% of the company's or group's revenue, subject to the limit of R$ 50 million per violation; (iii) daily fines; (iv) mandatory disclosure of the violation after it has been investigated and confirmed; (v) the restriction of access to the personal data to which the violation relates up to a six-month period, that can be extended for the same period, until the processing activities are compliant with the regulation, and in case of repeated violation, temporary block and/or deletion of the related personal data, and partial or complete prohibition of processing activities; and (vi) temporary or permanent prohibition against conducting activities related to data processing. Any additional privacy laws or regulations enacted or approved in Brazil or in other jurisdictions in which we operate could seriously harm our business, financial condition or results of operations. Under the LGPD, security breaches that may result in significant risk or damage to personal data must be reported to the ANPD, the data protection regulatory body, within a reasonable time period. The notice to the ANPD must include: (i) a description of the nature of the personal data affected by the breach; (ii) the affected data subjects; (iii) the technical and security measures adopted; (iv) the risks related to the breach; (v) the reasons for any delays in reporting the breach, if applicable; and (vi) the measures adopted to revert or mitigate the effects of the damage caused by the breach.
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Under the LGPD, security breaches that may result in significant risk or damage to personal data must be reported to the ANPD, the data protection regulatory body, within a reasonable time period. It is recommended that the communication should be made as soon as possible, within two business days of the knowledge of the fact. The notice to the ANPD must include: (i) a description of the nature of the personal data affected by the breach; (ii) the affected data subjects; (iii) the technical and security measures adopted; (iv) the risks related to the breach; (v) the reasons for any delays in reporting the breach, if applicable; and (vi) the measures adopted to revert or mitigate the effects of the damage caused by the breach. Moreover, the ANPD could establish other obligations related to data protection that are not described above. In addition to the administrative sanctions, due to the noncompliance with the obligations established by the LGPD, we can be held liable for individual or collective material damages, and non-material damages caused to data subjects, including when caused by third parties that serve as processors of personal data on our behalf.
In addition to the civil liability, the imposition of the administrative sanctions of the LGPD does not prevent the imposition of administrative sanctions set forth by other laws that address issues related to data privacy and protection, such as Law No. 8,078/1990, or the Brazilian Code of Consumer Defense, and Law No. 12,965/2014, or the Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet. These administrative sanctions can be applied by other public authorities, such as the Attorney General’s Office and consumer protection agencies. We can also be held liable civilly for violation of these laws.
Similarly, many foreign countries and governmental bodies, including in countries in which we currently operate, have laws and regulations concerning the collection, storage, use, processing, disclosure, protection, transmission, retention and disposal of personal, sensitive, regulated or confidential data. For example, the European Unions (“EU”) adopted the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (“GDPR”), which became effective in May 2018, and the United Kingdom (“UK”) transposed the GDPR into national law (“UK GDPR”). The GDPR and the UK GDPR have and will continue to result in significantly greater compliance burdens and costs for companies with users and operations in the European Economic Area (“EEA”) and the UK by imposing stringent administrative requirements for controllers and processors of personal data of EEA and the UK data subjects, including, for example, data breach notification requirements, limitations on retention of information, and rights for data subjects over their personal data. The GDPR also provides that EU member states may make their own further laws and regulations limiting the processing of personal data. Ensuring compliance with the GDPR and the UK GDPR is an ongoing commitment that involves substantial costs, and despite our efforts, data protection authorities or others (including individual data subjects) may assert that our business practices fail to comply with the GDPR’s and the UK GDPR’s requirements. If our operations are found to violate the GDPR’s and the UK GDPR's requirements, we may incur substantial administrative fines and other enforcement actions, including bans on processing and transferring personal data, have to change our business practices, and face reputational harm, any of which could have an adverse effect on our business. In particular, breaches of the GDPR and the UK GDPR can result in administrative fines of up to €20 million/£17.5 million or 4.0% of total worldwide annual revenue, whichever is higher. Such enforcement actions are in addition to any civil litigation claims by data controllers, customers and data subjects, which includes the possibility of data subject-led representative actions and other class type litigation, claims and injunctions.
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In addition, recent legal developments in Europe have created compliance uncertainty regarding transfers of personal data from the EEA to the United States. In July 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”), invalidated the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework, a mechanism for the transfer of personal data from the EEA to the United States. Authorities in Switzerland have also issued guidance calling the Swiss-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework inadequate and raising similar questions about the standard contractual clauses. The GDPR and the UK GDPR generally prohibit the transfer of EEA and UK personal data to third countries whose laws do not ensure an adequate level of protection unless a valid data transfer mechanism has been implemented or an Article 49 derogation applies. On October 7, 2022, President Biden signed an Executive Order on "Enhancing Safeguards for United States Intelligence Activities" which introduced new binding safeguards to address the concerns raised by the CJEU in its Schrems II judgment. Although this Executive Order is intended to form the basis of a new EU-US Data Privacy Framework (the "Framework"), the Framework is still in development and its route to implementation remains uncertain. On June 27, 2021, the European Commission published a new set of modular standard contractual clauses (the “New SCCs”). The New SCCs must be used for all relevant transfers of personal data outside the EEA (since December 27, 22) and organizations must ensure that all new and existing contracts involving the transfer of personal data outside the EEA contain New SCCs. The European Commission’s adequacy decision with respect to the UK, adopted on June 28, 2021, which allows the continued flow of personal data from the EEA to the UK, will automatically expire in June 2025 unless the European Commission re-assesses and renews or extends that decision. The decision will be regularly reviewed by the European Commission going forward and may be revoked if the UK diverges from its current data protection laws and the European Commission deems the United Kingdom to no longer provide adequate protection of personal data.
On March 21, 2022, the UK implemented its own UK-specific international data transfer agreement ("IDTA") and addendum to the New SCCs ("UK Addendum"). For all contracts involving transfers of UK-originated data entered into after September 21, 2022, organizations which transfer UK personal data are required to use the IDTA, or the New SCCs together with the UK Addendum. Existing contracts involving transfers of UK-originated data relying on standard contractual clauses must be migrated to the IDTA, or the New SCCs together with the UK Addendum by March 21, 2024.
If we are unable to implement sufficient safeguards to ensure that our transfers of personal data from the EEA and the UK are lawful, we may face increased exposure to regulatory actions, substantial administrative fines and injunctions against processing personal data from the EEA and the UK. Loss of our ability to lawfully transfer personal data out of the EEA and the UK to these or any other jurisdictions may cause reluctance or refusal by current or prospective European customers to use our data solutions or services, and we may be required to increase our data processing capabilities in the EEA or the UK at significant expense. Additionally, other countries outside of the EEA and the UK have passed or are considering passing laws requiring local data residency, which could increase the cost and complexity of delivering our services.
In the United States, California enacted the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”), which took effect in January 2020 and limits how we may collect, use and process personal data of California residents. The CCPA establishes a privacy framework for covered companies by, among other things, creating an expanded definition of personal information, establishing data privacy rights for California residents and creating a potentially severe statutory damages framework and private rights of action for certain data breaches. Further, in November 2020, California voters approved the California Privacy Rights Act (the “CPRA”), which amended and expanded the CCPA. Effective beginning January 1, 2023, the CPRA imposes additional obligations on companies covered by the legislation and significantly modifies the CCPA, including by expanding California residents’ rights with respect to their personal data, and by establishing a regulatory agency dedicated to implementing and enforcing the CCPA and CPRA. The effects of the CCPA and CPRA are potentially far- reaching, and may require us to modify our data processing practices and policies and incur substantial compliance-related costs and expenses, particularly as we seek to expand our operations in the United States, and it remains unclear how various provisions will be interpreted and enforced. Certain other state laws in the United States impose similar privacy obligations and all 50 states have laws including obligations to provide notification of certain security breaches to affected individuals, state officials and others. We also may be bound by contractual obligations relating to our collection, use and disclosure of personal, financial and other data.
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While we strive to comply with all applicable privacy, data protection and information security laws and regulations, as well as our contractual obligations, posted privacy policies and applicable industry standards, such laws, regulations, obligations and standards continue to evolve and are becoming increasingly complex, and sometimes conflict among the various jurisdictions and countries in which we operate, which makes compliance challenging and expensive. For example, we continue to see jurisdictions imposing data localization laws, which require personal information, or certain subcategories of personal information to be stored in the jurisdiction of origin. These regulations may inhibit our ability to expand into those markets or prohibit us from continuing to offer services in those markets without significant additional costs. In addition, any failure or perceived failure by us, or any third parties with whom we do business, to comply with laws, regulations, policies, industry standards or contractual or other legal obligations relating to privacy, data protection or information security may result in governmental investigations, inquiries, enforcement actions and prosecutions, private litigation and administrative fines, adverse publicity or potential loss of business.
We expect that there will continue to be new proposed laws, rules of self-regulatory bodies, regulations and industry standards concerning privacy, data protection and information security in Brazil and other jurisdictions, and we cannot yet determine the impact such future laws, rules, regulations and standards may have on our business. Moreover, existing Brazilian and foreign privacy and data protection-related laws and regulations are evolving and subject to potentially differing interpretations, and various legislative and regulatory bodies may expand current or enact new laws and regulations regarding privacy and data protection-related matters. Additionally, our customers may be subject to differing privacy laws, rules and legislation, which may mean that they require us to be bound by varying contractual requirements applicable to certain other jurisdictions. Because global laws, regulations and industry standards concerning privacy and data security have continued to develop and evolve rapidly, compliance with such new laws or to changes to existing laws may impact our business and practices, require us to expend significant resources to adapt to these changes, or to stop offering our data solutions or services in certain countries. These developments could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Changes in tax laws or differing interpretations of tax laws may adversely affect our results of operations.
We conduct business across several jurisdictions and file income tax returns in multiple jurisdictions as a result of our international operations. Our consolidated effective income tax rate could be materially adversely affected by several factors, including: changing tax laws, regulations and treaties, or the interpretation thereof; tax policy initiatives and reforms; the practices of tax authorities in jurisdictions in which we operate; the resolution of issues arising from tax audits or examinations and any related interest or penalties. Such changes may include (but are not limited to) the taxation of operating income, investment income, dividends received or (in the specific context of withholding tax) dividends paid.
Furthermore, Brazilian governmental authorities at the federal, state and local levels are considering changes in tax laws in order to cover budgetary shortfalls resulting from the recent economic downturn in Brazil and also in order to simplify the tax system. If these proposals are enacted they may harm our profitability by increasing our tax liabilities, increasing our tax compliance costs, or otherwise affecting our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Tax rules in Brazil, particularly at the local level, can change sometimes at short notice given the dynamics allowed by the tax legislation system based on a combination of voting, sanction and veto powers from the many legislators. Additionally, the Brazilian tax system is quite complex and requires substantial compliance costs, time and effort from companies operating in Brazil. Despite the fact that we apply all the proper efforts to manage our tax obligations, we may not always be timely aware of all such changes that affect our business and we may therefore fail to pay the applicable taxes or otherwise comply with tax regulations, which may result in additional tax assessments and penalties for our company.
A recent example involves the uncertainty as to the applicable taxes on the licensing and assignment of software rights in Brazil. Certain Brazilian state laws, including laws and decrees enacted by the State of São Paulo, required the payment of taxes on sales (Imposto Sobre Operações Relativas à Circulação de Mercadorias e Serviços de Transporte Interestadual de Intermunicipal e de Comunicações, or “ICMS”) in connection with these transactions, while municipalities also demanded the payment of taxes levied on the provision of services (Imposto sobre Serviço, or “ISS”). In February 2021, the Brazilian Supreme Court decided that only ISS taxes are due on the licensing and assignment of software rights and that the legislation enacted by the State of São Paulo is unconstitutional. Despite our consistent allegation of double taxation and existing case law in our favor, we may be party to tax claims filed by Brazilian municipalities due to our non-collection of ISS prior to the Brazilian Supreme Court judgment.
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At the municipal level, the Brazilian government enacted Supplementary Law No. 157/16, which imposed changes regarding the collection of ISS applied to the rendering of part of our services. These changes created new obligations, as ISS will now be due in the municipality in which the acquirer of our services is located rather than in the municipality in which the service provider’s facilities are located. This obligation took force in January 2018, but has been delayed by Direct Unconstitutionality Action No. 5835 (“ADI”), filed by taxpayers. The ADI challenges the constitutionality of Supplementary Law No. 157/16 before the Brazilian Supreme Court, arguing that the new legislation would adversely affect companies’ activities due to the increase of costs and bureaucracy related to the ISS payment to several municipalities and the compliance with tax reporting obligations connected therewith. As a result, the Brazilian Supreme Court granted an injunction to suspend the enforcement of Supplementary Law No. 157/16. In June 2020, the ADI was included in the judgment agenda of the Brazilian Supreme Court but, as of the date of this annual report, a final decision on this matter is currently pending.
Another example is the benefit provided by Brazilian Law No. 11,196/05 (“Lei do Bem”), which currently grants tax benefits to companies that invest in research and development by reducing annual corporate income tax expenses, provided that some requirements are met. We currently do not meet all the legal minimum requirements under Lei do Bem to take advantage of such tax benefit, but we expect to able to rely on this benefit in the future. If the taxes applicable to our business increase or any tax benefits are revoked and we cannot alter our cost structure to pass our tax increases on to customers, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be adversely affected.
Moreover, we are subject to tax laws and regulations that may be interpreted differently by tax authorities and us. The application of indirect taxes, such as sales and use tax, value-added tax (“VAT”), provincial taxes, goods and services tax, business tax and gross receipt tax, to businesses such as ours is complex and continues to evolve. We are required to use significant judgment in order to evaluate applicable tax obligations. In many cases, the ultimate tax determination is uncertain because it is not clear how existing statutes apply to our business. One or more states or municipalities, the federal government or other countries may seek to challenge the taxation or procedures applied to our transactions, which could impose the charge of taxes or additional reporting, record-keeping or indirect tax collection obligations on businesses like ours. New taxes could also require us to incur substantial costs to capture data and collect and remit taxes. If such obligations were imposed, the additional costs associated with tax collection, remittance and audit requirements could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial results.
The Brazilian federal government also recently announced and presented to Congress (i) the Bill of Law No. 3,887/2020, focused on several changes on the taxes currently levied on revenues; and (ii) the Bill of Law No. 2,337/2021, the so called “second phase” of the envisaged Brazilian Tax Reform Plan, focused on income taxation, which includes several topics such as the taxation of dividends, adjustments in corporate taxation basis and rates of Brazilian entities, changes in the taxation of income and gains in connection with investments in the Brazilian capital markets, such as financial assets and investment funds, among others. While such legislation has not been enacted, and it is not possible to determine at this time, what changes to tax laws and regulations will come into effect (if any), any such change may have an adverse effect on our results and operations.
Our business, financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected by the various conflicting and/or onerous legal and regulatory requirements imposed on us by the countries where we operate. In addition, we may be subject to various legal proceedings which could adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.
Since we maintain operations and provide services to customers in several jurisdictions, we are subject to numerous, and sometimes conflicting, legal requirements on matters as diverse as import/export controls, content requirements, trade restrictions, tariffs, taxation, sanctions, government affairs, anti-bribery, whistle blowing, internal and disclosure control obligations, data protection and privacy and labor relations and work visa policies. Our failure to comply with these regulations in the conduct of our business could result in fines, penalties, criminal sanctions against us or our officers, disgorgement of profits, prohibitions on doing business and adverse impact on our reputation. Our failure to comply with these regulations in connection with the performance of our obligations to our customers could also result in liability for monetary damages, fines and/or criminal prosecution, unfavorable publicity, restrictions on our ability to process information and allegations by our customers that we have not performed our contractual obligations. Due to the varying degree of development of the legal systems of the countries in which we operate, local laws might be insufficient to defend us and preserve our rights.
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In particular, we are also subject to risks relating to compliance with a variety of Brazilian national and local laws including multiple tax regimes, labor laws, employee health safety and wages and benefits laws. For example, we currently do not comply with the legal minimum hiring quota for persons with disabilities in Brazil. The Law 8,213 of 1991 provides that companies with more than 100 employees are required to fill 2% to 5% of their job positions with disabled employees; and/or employees who have passed through a medical rehabilitation. Therefore, we may be subject to administrative penalties from the relevant labor authorities, as well as to further remedies that may be imposed by the Brazilian Labor prosecution officer. The administrative penalties issued by the Ministry of Economy may vary from R$2,656.61 to R$265,659.51 per person with disability that was not hired to fill out the quota. In the event of any investigation, the labor authority may (a) propose to us the execution of a Commitment Agreement (Termo de Ajustamento de Conduta), which could provide for additional obligations and penalties (normally, fixed per person not hired to fill out the quota, which, in general, may vary from R$500 to R$2,000); and/or (b) file a public civil action seeking the payment of damages and enforcement of our compliance with the legal quota requirements, subject to additional penalties.
In addition, we are and may, from time to time, become subject to legal proceedings and claims, such as claims brought by our customers in connection with commercial disputes, employment claims made by our current or former employees, intellectual property claims, tax claims, or securities class actions or other claims related to any volatility in the trading price of our Ordinary Shares. We may also, from time to time, be subject to litigation resulting from claims against us by third parties, including claims of breach of non-compete and confidentiality provisions of our employees’ former employment agreements with such third parties. Litigation might result in substantial costs and may divert management’s attention and resources, which might seriously harm our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Insurance might not cover such claims, might not provide sufficient payments to cover all the costs to resolve one or more such claims, and might not continue to be available on terms acceptable to us (including premium increases or the imposition of large deductible or co-insurance requirements). A claim brought against us that is uninsured or underinsured could result in unanticipated costs, potentially harming our business, financial position, and results of operations. If we are unsuccessful in our defense in these legal proceedings, we may be forced to pay damages or fines, enter into consent decrees or change our business practices, any of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.
As we expand into new industries and regions, we will likely need to comply with new requirements to compete effectively. The uncertainty and changes in the requirements of multiple jurisdictions may increase the cost of compliance, delay or reduce demand for our data solutions and services, restrict our ability to offer data solutions and services in certain locations, impact our customers’ ability to deploy our data solutions or services in certain jurisdictions, or subject us to sanctions by regulators, including national data protection regulators, all of which could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, although we endeavor to have our data solutions and services comply with applicable laws and regulations, these and other obligations may be modified, they may be interpreted and applied in an inconsistent manner from one jurisdiction to another, and they may conflict with one another, other regulatory requirements, contractual commitments or our internal practices. Our failure to comply with applicable regulatory requirements could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
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We may face restrictions and penalties under the Brazilian Consumer Protection Code in the future.
Brazil has a series of strict consumer protection statutes, collectively known as the Consumer Protection Code (Código de Defesa do Consumidor), that are intended to safeguard consumer interests and that apply to all companies in Brazil that supply products or services to Brazilian consumers (either individuals or legal entities). These consumer protection provisions include protection against misleading and deceptive advertising, protection against coercive or unfair business practices and protection in the formation and interpretation of contracts, usually in the form of civil liabilities and administrative penalties for violations. These penalties are often levied by the Brazilian Consumer Protection Agencies (Fundação de Proteção e Defesa do Consumidor, or “PROCONs”), which oversee consumer issues on a district-by-district basis. Companies that operate across Brazil may face penalties from multiple PROCONs, as well as the National Secretariat for Consumers (Secretaria Nacional do Consumidor, or “SENACON”). Companies may settle claims made by consumers via PROCONs by paying compensation for violations directly to consumers and through a mechanism that allows them to adjust their conduct, called a conduct adjustment agreement (Termo de Ajustamento de Conduta, or “TAC”). Brazilian Public Prosecutor Offices may also commence investigations related to consumer rights violations and this TAC mechanism is also available for them. Companies that violate TACs face potential automatic fines. Brazilian Public Prosecutor Offices may also file public civil actions against companies in violation of consumer rights, seeking strict observation to the consumer protection law provisions and compensation for the damages consumers may have suffered. To the extent consumers file such claims against us in the future, we may face reduced revenue due to refunds and fines for non-compliance that could negatively impact our results of operations.
We are subject to anti-corruption, anti-bribery, anti-money laundering, and similar laws and non-compliance with such laws can subject us to criminal or civil liability and harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We operate in jurisdictions that have a high risk of corruption and we are subject to anti-corruption, anti- bribery, anti-money laundering and sanctions laws and regulations, including the Brazilian Federal Law No. 12,846/2013 (the “Clean Company Act”), and the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended (the “FCPA”). Each of the Clean Company Act and the FCPA prohibit us and our employees and intermediaries from authorizing, promising, offering, or providing, directly or indirectly, improper or prohibited payments, or anything else of value, to government officials or other persons to obtain or retain business or gain some other business advantage, and impose liability against companies who engage in bribery of government officials, either directly or through intermediaries.
While we have policies and procedures to address compliance with such laws, there is a risk that our employees, agents, and other third parties with which we do business will take actions in violation of our policies and applicable law, for which we may be ultimately held responsible. As we expand internationally, our risks under these laws may increase.
Detecting, investigating and resolving actual or alleged violations of anti-corruption laws can require a significant diversion of time, resources and attention from senior management. In addition, noncompliance with anti-corruption, anti-bribery or anti-money laundering laws could subject us to whistleblower complaints, investigations, sanctions, settlements, prosecution, enforcement actions, fines, damages, other civil or criminal penalties or injunctions, suspension or debarment from contracting with certain persons, forfeiture of significant assets, reputational harm, adverse media coverage and other collateral consequences. If any subpoenas or investigations are launched, or governmental or other sanctions are imposed, or if we do not prevail in any possible civil or criminal proceeding, our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be harmed.
Moreover, regulators may increase enforcement of these obligations, which may require us to adjust our compliance and anti-money laundering programs, including the procedures we use to verify the identity of our customers and to monitor our transactions and transactions made through our proprietary data platform. Regulators regularly reexamine the transaction volume thresholds at which we must obtain and keep applicable records, verify identities of customers, and report any change in such thresholds to the applicable regulatory authorities, which could result in increased costs in order to comply with these legal and regulatory requirements. Costs associated with fines or enforcement actions, changes in compliance requirements, or limitations on our ability to grow could harm our business, and any new requirements or changes to existing requirements could impose significant costs, result in delays to planned data solutions and services improvements, make it more difficult for new customers to join our network and reduce the attractiveness of our data solutions and services.
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We may be held liable for the labor, tax social security and other obligations of third parties.
We outsource certain ancillary activities that support our business, including recruiters to attract talent and maintenance personnel. We do not provide benefits to these outsourced workers. According to Brazilian legislation, if our outsourced service providers fail to comply with their obligations under labor, social security, tax and/or environmental laws, we may be held jointly and severally or secondarily liable for any non- compliance, resulting in fines or other penalties, which may adversely affect us. In addition, if it is judicially determined that these outsourced workers effectively served in the capacity of employees despite being considered outsourced workers by us, we can be liable for payment of unpaid benefits and social security. We may also be liable for bodily injury or death at our offices and our data laboratory of the employees of third parties who provide services to us, which may adversely affect our reputation as well as our business. Further, any environmental damage and/or damage to third parties caused by service providers when undergoing work engaged by us expose us to joint and several liability for redress and/or damages for harm caused.
We are subject to governmental export and import controls that could impair our ability to compete in international markets or subject us to liability if we violate the controls.
Our proprietary data platform is subject to U.S. export controls, including the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, and we incorporate encryption technology into our proprietary data platform. This encryption technology may be exported outside of Brazil only with the required export authorizations, including by license, a license exception, or other appropriate government authorizations, including the filing of an encryption classification request or self-classification report.
Obtaining the necessary export license or other authorization for a particular sale may be time-consuming and may result in the delay or loss of sales opportunities. Furthermore, our activities are subject to U.S. economic sanctions laws and regulations administered by various U.S. agencies, including the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control, that prohibit the sale or supply of most products and services to embargoed jurisdictions or sanctioned parties. Violations of U.S. sanctions or export control regulations can result in significant fines or penalties and possible incarceration for responsible employees and managers.
If our channel partners fail to obtain appropriate import, export or re-export licenses or permits, we may also be adversely affected through reputational harm, as well as other negative consequences, including government investigations and penalties.
Also, various countries, in addition to the United States, regulate the import and export of certain encryption and other technology, including import and export licensing requirements and have enacted laws that could limit our ability to distribute our proprietary data platform in those countries. Changes in our proprietary data platform or future changes in export and import regulations may create delays in the introduction of our proprietary data platform in international markets, prevent our customers with international operations from using our proprietary data platform globally or, in some cases, prevent the export or import of our proprietary data platform to certain countries, governments, or persons altogether. From time to time, various governmental agencies have proposed additional regulation of encryption technology. Any change in export or import regulations, economic sanctions or related legislation, increased export and import controls, or change in the countries, governments, persons, or technologies targeted by such regulations, could result in decreased use of our proprietary data platform by, or in our decreased ability to export or sell our proprietary data platform to, existing or potential customers with international operations. Any decreased use of our proprietary data platform or limitation on our ability to export or sell our proprietary data platform would adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
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Risks Related to Our Operations in Latin America
Brazil has experienced, and may continue to experience, adverse economic or political conditions that may impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our business is dependent to a certain extent upon the economic conditions prevalent in Brazil. Brazil has historically experienced uneven periods of economic growth, recessions, periods of high inflation and economic instability. Recently, the economic growth rates of the economies of Brazil have slowed and the country entered into a mild recession. Additionally, economic and political developments in Brazil, including future economic changes or crises (such as inflation, currency devaluation or recession), government deadlock, political instability, terrorism, civil strife, changes in laws and regulations, restrictions on the repatriation of dividends or profits, expropriation or nationalization of property, restrictions on currency convertibility, volatility of the foreign exchange market and exchange controls could impact our operations and/or the market value of our Ordinary Shares and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The Brazilian federal government has exercised, and continues to exercise, significant influence over the Brazilian economy. This influence, as well as Brazil’s political and economic conditions, could harm us and the price of our Ordinary Shares.
The Brazilian federal government frequently exercises significant influence over the Brazilian economy and occasionally makes significant changes in policy and regulations. The Brazilian government’s actions to control inflation and other policies and regulations have often involved, among other measures, increases or decreases in interest rates, changes in fiscal policies, wage and price controls, foreign exchange rate controls, blocking access to bank accounts, currency devaluations, capital controls and import and export restrictions. We have no control over and cannot predict what measures or policies the Brazilian government may take in the future. Our business and the market price of our Ordinary Shares may be harmed by changes in Brazilian government policies, as well as general economic factors, including, without limitation:
growth or downturn of the economy;
interest rates and monetary policies;
exchange rates and currency fluctuations;
inflation;
liquidity of the capital and lending markets;
import and export controls;
exchange controls and restrictions on remittances abroad and payments of dividends;
modifications to laws and regulations according to political, social and economic interests;
fiscal policy and changes in tax laws and related interpretations by tax authorities;
economic, political and social instability, including general strikes and mass demonstrations;
labor and social security regulations;
energy and water shortages and rationing;
commodity prices;
public health, including as a result of epidemics and pandemics, such as the COVID-19 pandemic;
changes in demographics; and
other political, diplomatic, social and economic developments in or affecting Brazil.
Uncertainty over whether the Brazilian federal government will implement reforms or changes in policy or regulation affecting these or other factors in the future may affect economic performance and contribute to economic uncertainty in Brazil, which may have an adverse effect on our activities and consequently our results of operations, and may also adversely affect the trading price of our Ordinary Shares.
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Further, Brazil’s political environment has historically influenced, and continues to influence, the performance of the country’s economy. The recent economic instability in Brazil has contributed to a decline in market confidence in the Brazilian economy as well as to a deteriorating political environment. See “—The ongoing economic uncertainty and political instability in Brazil, may harm us and the price of our Ordinary Shares.
As has been true in the past, the current political and economic environment in Brazil has and is continuing to affect the confidence of investors and the general public, which has historically resulted in economic deceleration and heightened volatility in the securities offered by companies with significant operations in Brazil, which may adversely affect us and our Ordinary Shares.
The ongoing economic uncertainty and political instability in Brazil may harm us and the price of our Ordinary Shares.
Brazil’s political environment has historically influenced, and continues to influence, the performance of the country’s economy. Political crises have affected and continue to affect the confidence of investors and the general public, which have historically resulted in economic deceleration and heightened volatility in the securities offered by companies with significant operations in Brazil.
The recent economic instability in Brazil has contributed to a decline in market confidence in the Brazilian economy as well as to a deteriorating political environment. The negative macroeconomic environment in Brazil in recent years was in part due to economic and political uncertainties resulting from a global decrease in commodities prices as well as due to corruption investigations of Brazilian state-owned and private sector companies, politicians and business executives, which, in turn, led to the ouster and arrest of several prominent politicians Launched by the Office of the Brazilian Federal Prosecutor at the end of 2014, the so-called Lava Jato operation investigated members of the Brazilian government and other members of the legislative branch, as well as senior officers and directors of large state-owned companies as well as other companies in connection with allegations of political corruption. Among other impacts, the resulting fallout from the Lava Jato operation led to the arrest and conviction in April 2018 of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who served two terms as Brazil’s president from 2003 to 2011. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva spent over one year in prison on charges of corruption and money laundering until his release from prison following a Brazilian Supreme Court ruling that allows defendants to remain free while their appeals are pending. Subsequently, in March 2021, a Brazilian Supreme Court ruling dismissed the decisions that had convicted then-former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva on a procedural technicality related to lack of jurisdiction, not on the merits. As a result of this ruling, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva recovered his political rights and successfully ran for his third term as president of Brazil in the 2022 elections, receiving 50.9% of the votes tabulated. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva took office on January 1, 2023.
In the aftermath of the 2022 election results, there were countrywide roadblocks, mass protests and demonstrations throughout Brazil by supporters of former president Jair Bolsonaro disputing the election results, culminating, on January 8, 2022, in riots in the country’s federal capital Brasilia where protesters stormed government buildings, including the Congress, the Brazilian Supreme Court and the Presidential Palace. It is unclear whether this heightened state of political and social tension will dissipate or intensify in coming months.
Further, during the term of former president Jair Bolsonaro, who remained president until December 31, 2022, there were several inquiries related to potential misconduct, including a Supreme Court investigation following allegations made by the former Minister of Justice as well as a Parliamentary Committee Inquiry (Comissão Parlamentar de Inquérito, or “CPI”) focused on the president’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the potential misuse of government funds. Based on the final report of the CPI, the Attorney General’s Office began six new preliminary investigations involving Jair Bolsonaro, members of the Brazilian government and members of the legislative branch, which are under review by the Brazilian Supreme Court. The potential outcome of these and other inquiries, as well as potential new inquiries involving Jair Bolsonaro that may arise following his presidency, are uncertain, but they had a negative impact on the general perception of the Brazilian economy and the securities of Brazilian companies and affected and may continue to adversely affect our business, our financial condition and our operating results.
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As a result of the past corruption allegations against president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and the involvement of his political party with those events giving rise to the historical Lava Jato operations, his presidency is a matter of controversy within Brazil, and such conflict could lead to further political uncertainty and impasse and resultant negative macroeconomic impacts, particularly to the extent any improper conduct by him or his party is detected, suspected or otherwise alleged during his term. In addition, we cannot predict which policies president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva may adopt or change during his term in office, or the effect that any such policies might have on the Brazilian economy, which could result in further political and economic instability and negatively impact the regulatory framework in which we operate, which, in turn, could adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results.
A failure by the Brazilian government to implement necessary reforms may result in diminished confidence in the Brazilian government’s budgetary condition and fiscal stance, which could result in downgrades of Brazil’s sovereign foreign credit rating by credit rating agencies, negatively impact Brazil’s economy, lead to further depreciation of the real and an increase in inflation and interest rates, adversely affecting our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Any of the above factors may create additional political uncertainty, which could harm the Brazilian economy and, consequently, our business and the value of our investments in Brazil, and could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and the price of our Ordinary Shares.
Developments and the perceptions of risks in other countries, including other emerging markets, the United States and Europe, may harm the Brazilian economy and the price of our Ordinary Shares.
The market for securities offered by companies such as ours is influenced by economic and market conditions in Brazil and emerging markets, as well as the United States, Europe and other countries. To the extent the conditions of the global markets or economy deteriorate, our business may be adversely affected. The weakness in the global economy has been marked by, among other adverse factors, lower levels of consumer and corporate confidence, decreased business investment and consumer spending, increased unemployment, reduced income and asset values in many areas, reduction of China’s growth rate, currency volatility and limited availability of credit and access to capital. Developments or economic conditions in other emerging countries have at times significantly affected the availability of credit to companies with significant operations in Brazil and resulted in considerable outflows of funds from Brazil, decreasing the amount of foreign investments in Brazil, impacting overall growth expectations for the Brazilian economy.
Crises and political instability in other emerging market countries, the United States, Europe or other countries, including increased international trade tensions and protectionist policies, could decrease investor demand for securities offered by companies with significant operations in Brazil, such as our Ordinary Shares. These developments, as well as potential crises and forms of political instability arising therefrom or any other as of yet unforeseen development, may harm our business and the price of our Ordinary Shares.
These developments, as well as potential crises and forms of political instability arising therefrom or any other as of yet unforeseen development, may adversely affect the United States and global economies and capital markets, which may, in turn, materially adversely affect the trading price of our Ordinary Shares.
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Inflation and certain government measures to curb inflation may adversely affect the Brazilian economy and capital markets, and as a result, harm our business and the price of Our Ordinary Shares.
In the past, high rates of inflation have adversely affected the economy and capital markets of Brazil and the ability of the Brazilian government to create conditions that stimulate or maintain economic growth. Moreover, governmental measures to curb inflation and speculation about possible governmental measures have contributed to the negative economic impact of inflation and have created general economic uncertainty and heightened volatility in the capital markets. As part of these measures, governments have at times maintained a restrictive monetary policy and high interest rates that has limited the availability of credit and economic growth.
Inflation as measured by the Broad National Consumer Price Index (Índice Nacional de Preços ao Consumidor Amplo, or “IPCA”), which is published by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, or “IBGE”), was 5.8%, 10.1% and 4.5% as of December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Inflation measured by the General Market Prices Index (Índice Geral de Preços - Mercado, or “IGP-M”) was 5.5%, 17.8% and 23.1% as of December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Brazil may experience high levels of inflation in the future and inflationary pressures may lead to the Brazilian government intervening in the economy and introducing policies that could harm our business and the trading price of our Ordinary Shares. In the past, the Brazilian government’s interventions included the maintenance of a restrictive monetary policy with high interest rates that restricted credit availability and reduced economic growth, causing volatility in interest rates. For example, the SELIC rate was 13.75%, 9.25% and 2.0% as of December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Conversely, more lenient government and Central Bank policies and interest rate decreases have triggered and may continue to trigger increases in inflation, and, consequently, growth volatility and the need for sudden and significant interest rate increases, which could negatively affect us and increase our indebtedness.
The measures taken by the Brazilian government to control inflation have often included maintaining a tight monetary policy with high interest rates, thereby restricting the availability of credit and retarding economic growth. Inflation, measures to combat inflation and public speculation about possible additional actions have also contributed materially to economic uncertainty in Brazil and to heightened volatility in its securities markets. Periods of higher inflation may slow the growth rate of the Brazilian economy and lead to reduced demand for our data solutions and services. Inflation is also likely to increase some of our costs and expenses, which we may not be able to fully pass on to customers and could adversely affect our operating margins and operating income. In addition, inflation affects our financial liquidity and financial capital resources primarily by exposing us to the variations in our floating-rate loans. As of December 31, 2022, approximately 4.0% of our loans and borrowings were subject to floating interest rates, particularly the CDI rate, with the remaining of our then outstanding borrowings accruing interest at fixed interest rates. Rising interest rates may also impact the costs of our fundraising and indebtedness, increasing our financial expenses. Such an increase could adversely affect our ability to pay our obligations to the extent it reduces cash on hand. Mismatches between rates contracted in assets versus liabilities and/or high volatility in interest rates may result in financial losses for us.
Exchange rate instability may have adverse effects on the Brazilian economy, our business and the trading price of our Ordinary Shares.
The Brazilian real has been historically volatile and has been devalued frequently, and the Brazilian government has in the past implemented various economic plans and used various exchange rate policies, including sudden devaluations, periodic mini-devaluations (during which the frequency of adjustments has ranged from daily to monthly), exchange controls, dual exchange rate markets and a floating exchange rate system.
There has been persistently high volatility in the foreign exchange market for the Brazilian real in recent years, and the real weakened significantly over this period.
As of December 31, 2020, the real/U.S. dollar exchange rate reported by the Central Bank was R$5.197 per US$1.00. As of December 31, 2021, the real/U.S. dollar exchange rate reported by the Central Bank was R$5.581 per US$1.00. As of December 31, 2022, the real/U.S. dollar exchange rate reported by the Central Bank was R$5.218 per US$1.00. As of March 31, 2023 the real/U.S. dollar exchange rate reported by the Central Bank was R$ 5.0804 per US$1.00. There can be no assurance that the real will not appreciate or further depreciate against the U.S. dollar or other currencies in the future.
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A devaluation of the real relative to the U.S. dollar could create inflationary pressures and cause governments to, among other measures, increase interest rates. Any depreciation of the real may generally restrict access to the international capital markets. It would also reduce the U.S. dollar value of our results of operations. Restrictive macroeconomic policies could reduce the stability of the Brazilian economy and harm our results of operations and profitability. In addition, domestic and international reactions to restrictive economic policies could have a negative impact on the Brazilian economy. These policies and any reactions to them may harm us by curtailing access to foreign financial markets and prompting further government intervention. A devaluation of the real relative to the U.S. dollar may also, as in the context of the current economic slowdown, decrease consumer spending, increase deflationary pressures and reduce economic growth. On the other hand, an appreciation of the real relative to the U.S. dollar and other foreign currencies may deteriorate foreign exchange current accounts. Depending on the circumstances, either devaluation or appreciation of the real relative to the U.S. dollar and other foreign currencies could restrict the growth of the Brazilian economy and affect our business, results of operations and profitability.
For additional information on the impact of fluctuations in currency exchange rates on our business, see “—Risks Related to Our Business and Industry—We are exposed to fluctuations in currency exchange rates, which could negatively affect our results of operations and our ability to invest and hold our cash.
Changes in the political and economic environments in Latin American countries could adversely affect us.
In addition to Brazil, we have operations in Colombia and Mexico, corresponding to 0.2% and 9.3%, respectively, of our revenues for the year ended December 31, 2022 (corresponding to 0.4% and 7.2%, respectively, of our revenues for the year ended December 31, 2021, and 2.0% and 9.0%, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2020). In conducting our businesses in emerging markets, we are subject to political, economic, legal, operational and other risks that are inherent to operating in these countries.
We may encounter the following difficulties, among others, related to the foreign markets in which we currently operate or will operate in the future:
unforeseen regulatory changes;
inability to attract personnel and generate business outside of Brazil;
changes in tax law;
changes in trade and investment policies and regulations;
difficulties in registering and protecting trademarks and software;
nationalization, expropriation, price controls and other restrictive governmental actions;
adoption of governmental measures that protect, subsidize or otherwise favor competitors native to such foreign markets; and
cultural and linguistic barriers.
In addition, the Mexican and Colombian currencies have been subject to significant fluctuations with respect to the U.S. dollar in the past and may be subject to significant fluctuations in the future. As of December 31, 2020, the Mexican peso/U.S. dollar exchange rate was 19.88 Mexican pesos per US$1.00. As of December 31, 2021, the Mexican peso/U.S. dollar exchange rate was 20.50 Mexican pesos per US$1.00. As of December 31, 2022, the Mexican peso/U.S. dollar exchange rate was 19.47 Mexican pesos per US$1.00. As of December 31, 2020, the Colombian peso/U.S. dollar exchange rate was 3,439.20 Colombian pesos per US$1.00. As of December 31, 2021, the Colombian peso/U.S. dollar exchange rate was 4,051.27 Colombian pesos per US$1.00. As of December 31, 2022, the Colombian peso/U.S. dollar exchange rate was 4,810.20 Colombian pesos per US$1.00.
If one or more of these risks materialize, and we are not able to overcome these difficulties, our business, results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.
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Infrastructure and workforce deficiency in Brazil may impact economic growth and have a material adverse effect on us.
Our performance is impacted by the overall health and growth of the global economy, specifically in Brazil. In Brazil, gross domestic product (“GDP”) growth has fluctuated over the past few years, with contractions of 3.5% and 3.3% in 2015 and 2016, respectively, followed by growth of 1.1% in both 2017 and 2018. In 2019, Brazilian GDP grew by 1.4%, and in 2020, it contracted 4.1%. In 2021, Brazilian GDP grew by 4.6%. In 2022, Brazilian GDP grew by 2.9%. Growth is limited by inadequate infrastructure, including potential energy shortages and deficient transportation, logistics and telecommunication sectors, general strikes, the lack of a qualified labor force (particularly in information technology sectors), and the lack of private and public investments in these areas, which limit productivity and efficiency. Any of these factors could lead to labor market volatility and generally impact income, purchasing power and consumption levels, which could limit growth and ultimately have a material adverse effect on us.
Any further downgrading of Brazil’s credit rating could reduce the trading price of our Ordinary Shares.
Given the current significance of our Brazil operations to our results of operations as a whole, we may be harmed by investors’ perceptions of risks related to Brazil’s sovereign debt credit rating. Rating agencies regularly evaluate Brazil and its sovereign credit ratings, which are based on a number of factors including macroeconomic trends, fiscal and budgetary conditions, indebtedness metrics and the perspective of changes in any of these factors.
The rating agencies began to review Brazil’s sovereign credit rating in September 2015. Subsequently, the three major rating agencies downgraded Brazil’s investment-grade status:
Standard & Poor’s initially downgraded Brazil’s credit rating from BBB-negative to BB-positive and subsequently downgraded it again from BB-positive to BB, maintaining its negative outlook, citing a worse credit situation since the first downgrade. On January 11, 2018, Standard & Poor’s further downgraded Brazil’s credit rating from BB to BB-stable, which was reaffirmed on June 2, 2021 and June 14, 2022.
In December 2015, Moody’s placed Brazil’s Baa3’s issue and bond ratings under review for downgrade and subsequently downgraded the issue and bond ratings to below investment grade, at Ba2 with a negative outlook, citing the prospect of a further deterioration in Brazil’s debt indicators, taking into account the low growth environment and the challenging political scenario. On May 25, 2021, Moody’s maintained Brazil’s credit rating at Ba2-stable, which was reaffirmed on April 12, 2022.
Fitch downgraded Brazil’s sovereign credit rating to BB-positive with a negative outlook, citing the rapid expansion of the country’s budget deficit and the worse-than-expected recession. In February 2018, Fitch downgraded Brazil’s sovereign credit rating again to BB-negative, citing, among other reasons, fiscal deficits, the increasing burden of public debt and an inability to implement reforms that would structurally improve Brazil’s public finances. On May 27, 2021, Fitch maintained Brazil’s credit rating at BB-negative, which was reaffirmed on July 14, 2022 and December 20, 2022.
Brazil’s sovereign credit rating is currently rated below investment grade by the three main credit rating agencies. Consequently, the prices of securities offered by companies with significant operations in Brazil have been negatively affected. A prolongation or worsening of the current Brazilian recession and continued political uncertainty, among other factors, could lead to further ratings downgrades. Any further downgrade of Brazil’s sovereign credit ratings could heighten investors’ perception of risk and, as a result, cause the trading price of our Ordinary Shares to decline.
Additionally, a downgrade of the sovereign credit rating of Brazil may affect our own credit rating, hindering our ability to secure loans at competitive rates compared to our competitors, which may impact our ability to grow our business and, consequently, affect the price of our Ordinary Shares.
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Public health threats or outbreaks of communicable diseases could have an adverse effect on our operations and financial results.
We may face risks related to public health threats or outbreaks of communicable diseases. The outbreak of communicable diseases could result in a widespread health crisis that could adversely affect the global economy and our ability and our business partners’ ability to conduct business in Brazil for an indefinite period of time. For example, the outbreak of COVID-19 spread across the globe, resulting in global and regional economic slowdown, a shutdown of production and supply chains and a disruption of international trade, all of which negatively impacted, and could further negatively impact, the Brazilian economy. Disruptions in public and private infrastructure, including communications and financial, could materially and adversely disrupt our normal business operations.
The current COVID-19 pandemic may continue to have a negative impact on global, regional and national economies and to disrupt supply chains and otherwise reduce international trade and business activity. Reflecting this, the COVID-19 pandemic has already caused, since early 2020, equity and other financial markets to decline sharply and to become volatile, and such effects may continue or worsen in the future. This may in turn further impact the stock market in Brazil. The current COVID-19 pandemic and its potential impact on the global economy may affect our ability to meet our financial targets. While we cannot predict the future impacts on our business or if we will be able to achieve our financial targets, we would be materially adversely affected by a protracted downturn in local, regional or global economic conditions.
Risks Related to Our Ordinary Shares
We will incur increased costs as a result of operating as a public company.
We are a public company and will incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses that Semantix did not incur as a private company. As a public company, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, as well as rules adopted, and to be adopted, by the SEC and the Nasdaq. Our management and other personnel need to devote a substantial amount of time to these compliance initiatives and may not effectively or efficiently manage the transition into a public company. Moreover, we expect these rules and regulations to substantially increase our legal and financial compliance costs and to make some activities more time-consuming and costly. For example, we expect these rules and regulations to make it more difficult and more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance and we may be forced to accept reduced policy limits or incur substantially higher costs to maintain the same or similar coverage. We cannot predict or estimate the amount or timing of additional costs it may incur to respond to these requirements. The impact of these requirements could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our board of directors, its board committees or as executive officers.
The members of our executive team have limited experience managing a publicly traded company, interacting with public company investors and complying with the increasingly complex laws pertaining to public companies in the United States. The additional demands associated with being a public company may disrupt regular operations of our business by diverting the attention of some of our senior management team away from revenue producing activities to management and administrative oversight, adversely affecting our ability to attract and complete business opportunities and increasing the difficulty in both retaining professionals and managing and growing our businesses. Our management team may not successfully or efficiently manage our transition to being a public company subject to significant regulatory oversight and reporting obligations under the U.S. federal securities laws and the continuous scrutiny of securities analysts and investors.
In addition, the public reporting obligations associated with being a public company in the United States may subject us to litigation as a result of increased scrutiny of our financial reporting. If we are involved in litigation regarding our public reporting obligations, this could subject us to substantial costs, divert resources and management attention from our business and seriously undermine our business.
Any of these effects could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
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The departure or loss of significant influence of our CEO and Founder, Leonardo dos Santos Poça D’Água, would be detrimental to our business and adversely affect our ability to execute our business strategies and continue to grow.
Leonardo dos Santos Poça D’Água is Semantix’s founder, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer and is responsible for our strategic vision and disruptive innovation, as well as the management and growth of our operations. Under the control of Mr. Leonardo Santos, we have been able to take advantage of his technology expertise for the development and the execution of our business strategies, including the management and operation of our businesses.
As of the date of this annual report, Mr. Leonardo Santos, together with Semantix’s other two co-founders, beneficially owned 32.8% of our Ordinary Shares issued and outstanding. On August 22, 2022, 50.0% of our Ordinary Shares indirectly held by Leandro dos Santos Poça D’Água, Semantix’s co-founder and the brother of our chief executive officer, corresponding to approximately 6.5% of our Ordinary Shares issued and outstanding immediately after the consummation of the Business Combination, were transferred to Strong Union Ltd., an investment vehicle owned by Lívia Ricardi de Almeida Poça D’Água, who is the ex-wife of Leandro dos Santos Poça D’Água, pursuant to their recently-agreed divorce proceedings. As a result of the transfer of such Ordinary Shares, our chief executive officer can no longer be deemed to exercise voting power over the Ordinary Shares beneficially owned by Lívia Ricardi de Almeida Poça D’Água, nor does he have a call option over such Ordinary Shares . Still Leonardo dos Santos Poça D’Água has a right of first refusal over the Ordinary Shares beneficially owned by Lívia Ricardi de Almeida Poça D’Água. For a more detailed description of our share ownership, see “Item 7. Major Shareholders and Related Party Transactions—A. Major Shareholders.
Although the Shareholders Agreement contemplates that the Founders are able to appoint a minimum of four directors to our board of directors, and Mr. Leonardo Santos’ continued role as CEO provides him the ability to significantly influence our management decisions, the Founders may not be able to exert the same level of control that they had exerted over us prior to the Business Combination. Absent the control of the Founders, our remaining significant shareholders consist of professional investors and investment funds that may not have specific technology experience.
In addition, there is no guarantee that our Shareholders Agreement will continue to be in effect into the future. For example, pursuant to the terms of the Shareholders Agreement, the Shareholders Agreement would terminate upon a divestment of equity interests in us by Crescera or Inovabra, such that the collective equity interests held by Crescera, Inovabra and the Founders fall below 40% of the total outstanding equity interests in the Registrant. If the Shareholders Agreement terminates, the Founders’ ability to elect four directors to our board of directors would no longer be contractually guaranteed and the level of control they would be able to exert over us would be significantly diminished.
Such a decrease in the level of control previously exerted by the Founders, particularly Mr. Leonardo Santos, could have a detrimental effect on our business and operations. Moreover, the absence of a controlling shareholder may also make us more susceptible to the formation of new shareholder alliances, disputes among our shareholders, and other events resulting from the absence of a controlling shareholder or a control group, including our inability to obtain the minimum quorums required to pass on a decision. If a new control group emerges and takes over decision-making power, we could suffer sudden and unexpected changes in our strategies and corporate policies, including through the replacement of our management, which could adversely affect us. Additionally, we cannot assure you that any such new control group would project the same level of influence or support that we have experienced under our current controlling shareholder, which could also adversely affect us.
We may be required to take write-downs or write-offs, restructuring and impairment or other charges that could have a significant negative effect on our financial condition, results of operations and share price, which could cause you to lose some or all of your investment.
We may be forced to write-down or write-off assets, restructure our operations, or incur impairment or other charges that could result in us reporting losses. Even though these charges may be non-cash items and not have an immediate impact on our liquidity, the fact that charges of this nature are reported could contribute to negative market perceptions about us or our securities. In addition, charges of this nature may cause us to violate covenants to which we may be subject. Accordingly, any of our shareholders could suffer a reduction in the value of their Ordinary Shares as a result of the foregoing factors and would be unlikely to have a remedy for such reduction in value.
PART I
53
FORM 20-F

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As a foreign private issuer and an “emerging growth company” (as defined in the JOBS Act), we have different disclosure and other requirements than U.S. domestic registrants and non-emerging growth companies that, to some extent, are more lenient and less frequent than those of U.S. domestic registrants and non-emerging growth companies.
As a foreign private issuer and emerging growth company, we are subject to different disclosure and other requirements than domestic U.S. registrants and non-emerging growth companies. For example, as a foreign private issuer, in the United States, we are not subject to the same disclosure requirements as a domestic U.S. registrant under the Exchange Act, including the requirements to prepare and issue quarterly reports on Form 10-Q or to file current reports on Form 8-K upon the occurrence of specified significant events, the proxy rules applicable to domestic U.S. registrants under Section 14 of the Exchange Act or the insider reporting and short swing profit rules applicable to domestic U.S. registrants under Section 16 of the Exchange Act. In addition, we rely on exemptions from certain U.S. corporate governance related rules which permit us to follow Cayman Islands legal requirements rather than certain of the requirements that are applicable to U.S. domestic registrants. See “Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees—C. Board Practices—Foreign Private Issuer Exemptions” for more information.
We follow certain Cayman Islands laws and regulations that are applicable to Cayman Islands companies. However, such laws and regulations may not contain any provisions comparable to the U.S. rules relating to the filing of reports on Form 10-Q or 8-K, the U.S. proxy rules, or the U.S. rules relating to liability for insiders who profit from trades made in a short period of time, as referred to above.
Furthermore, foreign private issuers are required to file their annual report on Form 20-F within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year, while U.S. domestic issuers that are large accelerated filers are required to file their annual report on Form 10-K within 60 days after the end of each fiscal year. Foreign private issuers are also exempt from Regulation Fair Disclosure, aimed at preventing issuers from making selective disclosures of material information, although we are subject to Cayman Islands laws and regulations having, in some respects, a similar effect as Regulation Fair Disclosure. As a result of the above, even though we are required to file reports on Form 6-K disclosing the limited information which we have made or are required to make public pursuant to Cayman Islands law, or are required to distribute to shareholders generally, and that is material to us, you may not receive information of the same type or amount that is required to be disclosed to shareholders of a U.S. company.
The JOBS Act contains provisions that, among other things, relax certain reporting requirements for emerging growth companies. Under this act, as an emerging growth company, we are not subject to the same disclosure and financial reporting requirements as non-emerging growth companies. For example, as an emerging growth company we are permitted to, and intend to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies. Also, we do not have to comply with future audit rules promulgated by the U.S. Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, or “PCAOB,” (unless the SEC determines otherwise) and our auditors do not need to attest to our internal controls under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes Oxley Act for up to five years or such earlier time that we are no longer an emerging growth company.
We may follow these reporting exemptions until we are no longer an emerging growth company. As a result, our shareholders may not have access to certain information that they deem important. We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following the fifth anniversary of the closing of the Business Combination, (b) in which we have total annual revenues of at least US$1.235 billion, or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our Ordinary Shares that is held by non-affiliates exceeds US$700.0 million as of the prior June 30th, and (2) the date on which we have issued more than US$1.0 billion in non-convertible debt during the prior three year period. Accordingly, the information about us available to you will not be the same as, and may be more limited than, the information available to shareholders of a non-emerging growth company. We cannot predict if investors will find our Ordinary Shares less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our Ordinary Shares less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our Ordinary Shares and the price of our Ordinary Shares may be more volatile.
PART I
54
FORM 20-F

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As a foreign private issuer, we are permitted to, and we will, rely on exemptions from certain Nasdaq corporate governance standards applicable to U.S. issuers. This may afford less protection to holders of our Ordinary Shares.
As a foreign private issuer, we are permitted to, and we will, follow certain home country corporate governance practices instead of those otherwise required under Nasdaq’s rules for domestic U.S. issuers, provided that we disclose any significant ways in which our corporate governance practices differ from those followed by domestic companies under Nasdaq listing standards. Among other things, we are not required to have: (i) a majority-independent board of directors; (ii) a compensation committee consisting only of independent directors; (iii) a nominating committee consisting only of independent directors; or (iv) regularly scheduled executive sessions with only independent directors each year. As a foreign private issuer, however, we are permitted to, and we will, follow home country practice in lieu of certain requirements. See “Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees—C. Board Practices—Foreign Private Issuer Exemptions.
As a result of our reliance on the corporate governance exemptions available to foreign private issuers under Nasdaq rules, you will not have the same protection afforded to shareholders of companies that are subject to all of Nasdaq’s corporate governance requirements.
Availing of any of these exemptions, as opposed to complying with the requirements that are applicable to a U.S. domestic registrant, may provide less protection to you than is accorded to investors under Nasdaq’s corporate governance rules. Therefore, any foreign private issuer exemptions we avail ourselves of in the future may reduce the scope of information and protection to which you are otherwise entitled as an investor.
We may lose our foreign private issuer status which would then require us to comply with the Exchange Act’s domestic reporting regime and cause us to incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses.
In order to maintain our current status as a foreign private issuer, either (a) more than 50% of the voting power of all our outstanding classes of voting securities (on a combined basis) must be either directly or indirectly owned of record by non-residents of the United States or (b) (1) a majority of our executive officers or directors must not be U.S. citizens or residents; (2) more than 50% of our assets cannot be located in the United States; and (3) our business must be administered principally outside the United States. We intend to monitor the composition of our shareholder base to determine whether we meet these criteria. If we lose this status, we would be required to comply with the Exchange Act reporting and other requirements applicable to U.S. domestic issuers, which are more detailed and extensive than the requirements for foreign private issuers. We may also be required to make changes in our corporate governance practices in accordance with various SEC and Nasdaq rules, and report our financial statements under US GAAP, which may differ materially from IFRS, all of which may involve time, effort and additional costs to implement. The regulatory and compliance costs to us under U.S. securities laws if we are required to comply with the reporting requirements applicable to a U.S. domestic issuer may be significantly higher than the costs we incur as a foreign private issuer.
Sales of a substantial number of our securities in the public market by our existing securityholders could cause the price of our Ordinary Shares and Warrants to fall.
Pursuant to the Lock-Up Agreement, certain Semantix shareholders were restricted from selling Ordinary Shares for a period of six months following the Closing, which period expired on February 3, 2023. As a result, certain Semantix shareholders may sell large amounts of Ordinary Shares in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, in accordance with applicable securities laws.
PART I
55
FORM 20-F

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We filed a registration statement on Form F-1, which registration statement was declared effective by the SEC on December 9, 2022 (the “Resale Registration Statement”), registering, among other things, the resale by certain securityholders, including Semantix Original Shareholders, the Sponsor and certain affiliates, and securityholders who purchased Ordinary Shares in a private placement under the PIPE Financing, up to an aggregate of 76,862,994 Ordinary Shares and 7,000,000 Warrants issued prior to, or in connection with, the Business Combination. The Resale Registration Statement also registered the resale of up to 7,000,000 Ordinary Shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants and the issuance by us of up to 18,499,984 Ordinary Shares that are issuable by us upon the exercise of Warrants. The number of Ordinary Shares that the securityholders can sell into the public markets pursuant to the Resale Registration Statement may exceed our public float. Furthermore, the 95,362,978 Ordinary Shares (including Ordinary Shares underlying Warrants) that may be resold pursuant to the Resale Registration Statement exceed the total number of outstanding Ordinary Shares (80,380,061 outstanding Ordinary Shares as of December 31, 2022, prior to any exercise of the Warrants). In addition, the Ordinary Shares beneficially owned by DDT Investments Ltd., Cumorah Group Ltd., ETZ Chaim Investments Ltd., Fundo de Investimento em Participações Multiestratégia Inovabra I—Investimento no Exterior and Crescera Growth Master Semantix Fundo de Investimento em Participações Multiestratégia, being the investment vehicles of certain of the largest Semantix Original Shareholders, represented 77.6% of our total outstanding Ordinary Shares as of December 31, 2022 and these holders have the ability to sell all of their Ordinary Shares pursuant to the Resale Registration Statement. Given the substantial number of Ordinary Shares registered for potential resale pursuant to the Resale Registration Statement (and the concentration of such Ordinary Shares among the largest Semantix Original Shareholders in particular), the sale of Ordinary Shares by the securityholders referenced above, or the perception in the market that the securityholders of a large number of Ordinary Shares intend to sell Ordinary Shares, particularly the largest Semantix Original Shareholders, could increase the volatility of the market price of our Ordinary Shares or result in a significant decline in the public trading price of our Ordinary Shares.
In addition, some of the Ordinary Shares which have been registered for resale pursuant to the Resale Registration Statement were acquired by the securityholders for prices considerably below the current market price of the Ordinary Shares. Even though the current market price is significantly below the price at the time of the initial public offering of Alpha, certain securityholders have an incentive to sell because they have purchased their Ordinary Shares at prices significantly lower than the public investors or the current trading price of the Ordinary Shares and may profit significantly so even under circumstances in which our public shareholders would experience losses in connection with their investment. In particular, the Sponsor, certain of its affiliates and the Semantix Original Shareholders may experience a positive rate of return on the securities they purchased due to the differences in the purchase prices. Based on the closing price of our Ordinary Shares on December 31, 2022, (i) the Sponsor and certain of its affiliates may experience a potential profit of up to $0.88 per share, (ii) the Founders may experience a potential profit of up to $0.88 per share and (iii) Inovabra and Crescera may experience a potential profit of up to $0.56 per share. As such, public shareholders of the Ordinary Shares have likely paid significantly more than certain of the securityholders referenced above for their Ordinary Shares and would not expect to see a positive return unless the price of the Ordinary Shares appreciates above the price at which such shareholders purchased their Ordinary Shares. Investors who purchase the Ordinary Shares on the Nasdaq following the Business Combination are unlikely to experience a similar rate of return on the Ordinary Shares they purchase due to differences in the purchase prices and the current trading price. Based on the closing price of the Ordinary Shares on December 31, 2022 and their respective purchase prices, the securityholders referenced above may receive potential profits ranging from $0.40 per share to up to $0.88 per share.
The exercise of our Warrants for our Ordinary Shares would increase the number of shares eligible for future resale in the public market and result in dilution to our shareholders.
Our Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 18,499,984 Ordinary Shares became exercisable on September 2, 2022, in accordance with the terms of the agreement governing those securities. The exercise price of these warrants is $11.50 per share. Therefore, if and when the trading price of the Ordinary Shares is less than $11.50, we expect that warrantholders would not exercise their Warrants. To the extent such warrants are exercised, additional Ordinary Shares will be issued, which will result in dilution to the holders of our Ordinary Shares and increase the number of shares eligible for resale in the public market. Sales of substantial numbers of such shares in the public market or the fact that such warrants may be exercised could adversely affect the market price of our Ordinary Shares. However, there is no guarantee that our Warrants will ever be in the money prior to their expiration, and as such, the Warrants may expire worthless.
PART I
56
FORM 20-F

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If securities or industry analysts do not publish research, publish inaccurate or unfavorable research or cease publishing research about us, our share price and trading volume could decline significantly.
The trading market for our Ordinary Shares will depend, in part, on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. We may be unable to sustain coverage by well-regarded securities and industry analysts. If either none or only a limited number of securities or industry analysts maintain coverage, or if these securities or industry analysts are not widely respected within the general investment community, the demand for our Ordinary Shares could decrease, which might cause our share price and trading volume to decline significantly. In the event that we obtain securities or industry analyst coverage, if one or more of the analysts who cover us downgrade their assessment of us or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, the market price and liquidity for our Ordinary Shares could be negatively impacted.
Our shareholders may experience dilution due to the issuance of Semantix Earn-Out Shares following the consummation of the Business Combination.
Certain Semantix shareholders are entitled to Semantix Earn-Out Shares, consisting of up to an additional 2,500,000 newly issued Ordinary Shares to be issued in two equal 1,250,000 tranches based on the achievement of closing share price targets of Ordinary Shares of $12.50 and $15.00, respectively, in each case, for any 20 trading days within any consecutive 30 trading day period commencing as of the Closing Date and ending on or prior to the fifth anniversary of the Closing Date.
To the extent the conditions to the issuance of the Semantix Earn-Out Shares are satisfied, additional Ordinary Shares will be issued, which will result in dilution to the holders of our Ordinary Shares and increase the number of shares eligible for resale in the public market. Sales of substantial numbers of such shares in the public market or the fact that the Semantix Earn-Out Shares may be issued could adversely affect the market price of our Ordinary Shares. In addition, such dilution could, among other things, limit the ability of Alpha shareholders to influence our management through the appointment of directors. However, there can be no assurance the conditions to the issuance of the Semantix Earn-Out Shares will be satisfied by the fifth anniversary of the Closing Date, and as such, the right to receive the Semantix Earn-Out Shares may be forfeited.
You may face difficulties in protecting your interests, and your ability to protect your rights through U.S. courts may be limited, because we are incorporated under the laws of the Cayman Islands, we conduct substantially all of our operations, and a majority of our directors and executive officers reside, outside of the United States.
We are an exempted company limited by shares incorporated under the laws of the Cayman Islands, and we conduct a majority of our operations through our subsidiary, Semantix, outside the United States. Substantially all of our assets are located outside the United States, primarily in Brazil. A majority of our officers and directors reside outside the United States and a substantial portion of the assets of those persons are located outside of the United States. As a result, it could be difficult or impossible for you to bring an action against us or against these individuals outside of the United States in the event that you believe that your rights have been infringed upon under the applicable securities laws or otherwise. Even if you are successful in bringing an action of this kind, the laws of the Cayman Islands and of the jurisdictions that comprise the Latin American region could render you unable to enforce a judgment against our assets or the assets of our directors and officers.
Our corporate affairs are governed by our Articles, the Companies Act (As Revised) of the Cayman Islands and the common law of the Cayman Islands. The rights of shareholders to take action against our directors, actions by minority shareholders and the fiduciary responsibilities of our directors to us under Cayman Islands law are to a large extent governed by the common law of the Cayman Islands. The common law of the Cayman Islands is derived in part from comparatively limited judicial precedent in the Cayman Islands as well as that from English common law, which has persuasive, but not binding, authority on a court in the Cayman Islands. The rights of our shareholders and the fiduciary responsibilities of our directors under Cayman Islands law are not as clearly established as they would be under statutes or judicial precedent in some jurisdictions in the United States. In particular, the Cayman Islands has a less exhaustive body of securities laws than the United States. In addition, some U.S. states, such as Delaware, have more fulsome and judicially interpreted bodies of corporate law than the Cayman Islands.
PART I
57
FORM 20-F

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As a result of all of the above, our shareholders may have more difficulty in protecting their interests in the face of actions taken by management, members of the board of directors or controlling shareholders than they would as shareholders of a corporation incorporated in a jurisdiction in the United States.
While Cayman Islands law allows a dissenting shareholder to express the shareholder’s view that a court sanctioned reorganization of a Cayman Islands company would not provide fair value for the shareholder’s shares, Cayman Islands statutory law does not specifically provide for shareholder appraisal rights in connection with a court sanctioned reorganization (by way of a scheme of arrangement). This may make it more difficult for you to assess the value of any consideration you may receive in a merger or consolidation (by way of a scheme of arrangement) or to require that the acquirer gives you additional consideration if you believe the consideration offered is insufficient. However, Cayman Islands statutory law provides a mechanism for a dissenting shareholder in a merger or consolidation that does not take place by way of a scheme of arrangement to apply to the Grand Court of the Cayman Islands for a determination of the fair value of the dissenter’s shares if it is not possible for the company and the dissenter to agree on a fair price within the time limits prescribed.
Shareholders of Cayman Islands exempted companies (such as the Company) have no general rights under Cayman Islands law to inspect corporate records and accounts or to obtain copies of lists of shareholders. Our directors have discretion under our Articles to determine whether or not, and under what conditions, our corporate records may be inspected by our shareholders, but are not obliged to make them available to our shareholders. This may make it more difficult for you to obtain information needed to establish any facts necessary for a shareholder motion or to solicit proxies from other shareholders in connection with a proxy contest.
Subject to limited exceptions, under Cayman Islands law, a minority shareholder may not bring a derivative action against the board of directors. Class actions are not recognized in the Cayman Islands, but groups of shareholders with identical interests may bring representative proceedings, which are similar.
We do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future.
It is expected that we will retain most, if not all, of our available funds and any future earnings to fund the development and growth of our business. As a result, it is not expected that we will pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.
Our board of directors will have complete discretion as to whether to distribute dividends. Even if the board of directors decides to declare and pay dividends, the timing, amount and form of future dividends, if any, will depend on the future results of operations and cash flow, capital requirements and surplus, the amount of distributions, if any, received by us from subsidiaries, our financial condition, contractual restrictions and other factors deemed relevant by the board of directors. There is no guarantee that our Ordinary Shares will appreciate in value or that the trading price of the Ordinary Shares will not decline.
We have granted in the past, and we will also grant in the future, share incentives, which may result in increased share-based compensation expenses.
On August 3, 2022, our board of directors adopted, and our shareholders approved the 2022 Plan, which became effective on August 3, 2022, and which exists concurrently with the Legacy Plan until the expiration of the Legacy Plan. Currently, the maximum number of Ordinary Shares that may be issued under the 2022 Plan is 12,921,349. All outstanding Unvested Semantix Options at the time of consummation of the Business Combination were converted into unvested options for Ordinary Shares under the Legacy Plan, which totaled 281,737 options exercisable for Ordinary Shares, as determined in accordance with the Exchange Ratio. We account for compensation costs for all share options using a fair-value based method and recognize expenses in our consolidated statements of profit or loss in accordance with IFRS. As a result of these grants, we incurred share-based compensation of R$1.8 million in 2020, R$7.8 million in 2021 and R$ 4.0 million in 2022. For more information on the share incentive plans, see “Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees—B. Compensation—Share Incentive Plans.
We believe the granting of share-based compensation is of significant importance to our ability to attract and retain key personnel and employees, and as such, we will also grant share-based compensation and incur share-based compensation expenses in the future. As a result, expenses associated with share-based compensation may increase, which may have an adverse effect on us and our business and results of operations.
PART I
58
FORM 20-F

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We may be unable to satisfy listing requirements in the future, which could limit investors’ ability to effect transactions in our securities and subject us to additional trading restrictions.
We may be unable to maintain the listing of our securities in the future. If we are delisted, there could be significant material adverse consequences, including:
a limited availability of market quotations for our securities;
a limited amount of news and analyst coverage for us; and
a decreased ability to obtain capital or pursue acquisitions by issuing additional equity or convertible securities.
If our performance does not meet market expectations, the price of our securities may decline.
If our performance does not meet market expectations, the price of our securities may decline. Fluctuations in the price of our securities could contribute to the loss of all or part of your investment. Prior to the Business Combination, there was not a public market for our Ordinary Shares or Warrants. Factors affecting the trading price of our Ordinary Shares and Warrants may include:
actual or anticipated fluctuations in our quarterly financial results or the quarterly financial results of companies perceived to be similar to us;
changes in the market’s expectations about operating results;
our operating results failing to meet market expectations in a particular period;
changes in financial estimates and recommendations by securities analysts concerning us or our industry and market in general;
operating and stock price performance of other companies that investors deem comparable to us;
changes in laws and regulations affecting our business;
commencement of, or involvement in, litigation involving us;
changes in our capital structure, such as future issuances of securities or the incurrence of debt;
the volume of Ordinary Shares available for public sale;
any significant change in our board or management;
sales of substantial amounts of Ordinary Shares by our directors, executive officers or significant shareholders or the perception that such sales could occur; and
general economic and political conditions such as recessions, interest rates, fuel prices, international currency fluctuations and acts of war or terrorism (including the recent conflict in Ukraine).
In addition, an active trading market for our securities may never develop or, if it develops, it may not be sustained. You may be unable to sell your Ordinary Shares and Warrants unless a market can be established and sustained. Broad market and industry factors may depress the market price of our Ordinary Shares and Warrants irrespective of our operating performance. The stock market in general has experienced price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of the particular companies affected. The trading prices and valuations of these stocks, and of our securities, may not be predictable. A loss of investor confidence in the market for companies engaging in technology, big data and artificial intelligence or the stocks of other companies which investors perceive to be similar to us could depress our share price regardless of our business, prospects, financial conditions or results of operations. A decline in the market price of our Ordinary Shares or Warrants also could adversely affect our ability to issue additional securities and our ability to obtain additional financing in the future.
PART I
59
FORM 20-F

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We may redeem your unexpired Warrants prior to their exercise at a time that is disadvantageous to you, thereby making your Warrants worthless.
We have the ability to redeem our outstanding Public Warrants at any time prior to their expiration at a price of $0.01 per warrant, provided that the last reported sales price of our Ordinary Shares is equal to or exceeds $18.00 per share (as adjusted for share sub divisions, share capitalizations, rights issuances, subdivisions, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) for any 20 trading days within a 30 trading-day period ending on the third trading day prior to the date they send the notice of redemption to the warrantholders (the price for such period, the “Reference Value”). If and when the Public Warrants become redeemable by us, we may not exercise our redemption right if the issuance of shares upon exercise of the Public Warrants is not exempt from registration or qualification under applicable state blue sky laws or if we are unable to effect such registration or qualification. We will use our best efforts to register or qualify such shares under the blue sky laws of the state of residence in those states in which the warrants were offered by us. Redemption of the outstanding Public Warrants could force you (i) to exercise your Public Warrants and pay the exercise price therefor at a time when it may be disadvantageous for you to do so, (ii) to sell your Public Warrants at the then-current market price when you might otherwise wish to hold your Public Warrants or (iii) to accept the nominal redemption price which, at the time the outstanding Public Warrants are called for redemption, is likely to be substantially less than the market value of your Public Warrants.
In addition, we may redeem your Public Warrants at any time prior to their expiration at a price of $0.10 per warrant if, among other things, the Reference Value equals or exceeds $10.00 per share (as adjusted for share sub-divisions, share capitalizations, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like). The value received upon exercise of the Public Warrants (1) may be less than the value the holders would have received if they had exercised their Public Warrants at a later time where the underlying share price is higher and (2) may not compensate the holders for the value of the Public Warrants, including because the number of shares received is capped at 0.361 of our Ordinary Shares per warrant (subject to adjustment) irrespective of the remaining life of the Public Warrants.
In the event that we elect to redeem all of the outstanding Public Warrants, we would only be required to have the notice of redemption mailed by first class mail, postage prepaid by us not less than 30 days prior to the redemption date to registered holders of the outstanding Public Warrants to be redeemed at their last address as they shall appear on the registration books.
Our management has the ability to require holders of our Warrants to exercise such Warrants on a cashless basis, which will cause holders to receive fewer Ordinary Shares upon their exercise of the Warrants than they would have received had they been able to exercise their Warrants for cash.
If we call our Warrants for redemption after the redemption criteria have been satisfied, our management will have the option to require any holder that wishes to exercise their Warrant (including any Warrants held by the Sponsor, Alpha’s former officers or directors or their permitted transferees) to do so on a “cashless basis.” If our management choose to require holders to exercise their Warrants on a cashless basis, the number of Ordinary Shares received by a holder upon exercise will be fewer than it would have been had such holder exercised his Warrant for cash. This will have the effect of reducing the potential “upside” of the holder’s investment in us.
PART I
60
FORM 20-F

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Risks Relating to Taxation
It is likely that we will be classified as a passive foreign investment company (“PFIC”) for U.S. federal income tax purposes for the taxable year ended December 31, 2022, and possibly for the current taxable year and future taxable years, which could result in adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences to U.S. Holders.
A foreign (i.e., non-U.S.) corporation will be a PFIC for U.S. federal income tax purposes if at least 75% of its gross income in a taxable year of the foreign corporation, including its pro rata share of the gross income of any corporation in which it is considered to own at least 25% of the shares by value, is passive income. Alternatively, a foreign corporation will be a PFIC if at least 50% of its assets in a taxable year, ordinarily determined based on fair market value and averaged quarterly over the year, including its pro rata share of the assets of any corporation in which it is considered to own at least 25% of the shares by value, are held for the production of, or produce, passive income. Passive income generally includes dividends, interest, rents and royalties (other than rents or royalties derived from the active conduct of a trade or business) and net gains from the disposition of passive assets.
If we are a PFIC for any taxable year (or portion thereof) that is included in the holding period of a U.S. Holder (as defined in the section of this annual report titled “Item 10. Additional Information—E. Taxation—U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations—General”) of our Ordinary Shares or Warrants, such U.S. Holder may be subject to adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences and may be subject to additional reporting requirements. Based on the market price of our Ordinary Shares and the composition of our assets (in particular the retention of a substantial amount of cash) during 2022, it is likely that we were a PFIC for our taxable year ended December 31, 2022. Depending upon the composition of our income and assets and the market price of our Ordinary Shares during the current and subsequent taxable years, we may be a PFIC for the current and subsequent taxable years. However, because PFIC status is a factual determination based on the income, assets and activities of the Company for the entire taxable year, and the market price of our Ordinary Shares (which is subject to fluctuation), it is not possible to determine whether we will be characterized as a PFIC for any given taxable year until after the close of the taxable year. In addition, it is possible that any subsidiary that we own may also be classified as a PFIC for such taxable years. U.S. Holders should consult their tax advisors regarding the application of the PFIC rules to us and the risks of owning equity securities in a company that may be a PFIC. See “Item 10. Additional Information—E. Taxation—U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations—PFIC Rules.
ITEM 4.INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY
A.History and Development of the Company
Semantix was founded in 2010 in São Paulo, Brazil, with an early focus on the resale of third-party software licenses as well as educational initiatives to spread awareness on the powers of big data and AI through courses and consulting services.
In 2013, we developed our first machine learning/AI project with algorithms focused on better serving the Brazilian financial sector and were recognized by Cloudera with their 2013 Training Award. In 2014, we developed our first big data project for a client in the Brazilian financial sector.
In 2015, while other competitors were still exclusively offering software subscription for traditional on-premises data platforms, we were the pioneer in the creation of the data cloud category in Latin America through the launch of our proprietary data platform combined with a public cloud infrastructure.
In 2017, we received an investment from a venture capital fund established through Inovabra, the technology investment and innovation arm of Bradesco, one of Brazil’s largest financial institutions, which allowed us to further invest in our proprietary platform.
In 2018, we built a data laboratory in the city of Campinas, Brazil, in partnership with the University of Campinas, with the purpose of fostering innovation, creating and sharing knowledge with the community and training and retaining qualified personnel.
In 2019, we received an investment from a venture capital fund managed by an affiliate of Crescera Capital, which enabled us to pursue our inorganic growth strategy and international expansion. Accordingly, in that same year, we acquired an omnichannel algorithm focused on providing solutions to the retail sector from Fast Omni Ltda.
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In 2020, we acquired 100.0% of the shares of Tradimus, a company that began its operations in 2012 and offers a comprehensive data software solution focused on improving the operational efficiency of hospitals, clinics and imaging and diagnostics companies. In December 2020, Excella, a subsidiary of Caledonia S.A., a health service management company, became a shareholder of Tradimus, holding a 50.0% non-controlling stake, thus effectively diluting our stake in Tradimus.
In December 2020, we also acquired 51.0% of the shares of LinkAPI, a company that offers software to build and manage integrations and APIs with performance, scalability, control and security. The strategic rationale for our acquisition of the LinkAPI stake was to harness the technological capabilities developed by LinkAPI to enhance data integration and reduce friction in relation to our big data and artificial intelligence solutions. In June 2021, we exercised a call option to acquire the additional 49.0% of the LinkAPI outstanding capital.
On November 8, 2021, the Registrant, our ultimate holding company, was incorporated as an exempted company limited by shares under the laws of the Cayman Islands.
In August 2022, we completed the Business Combination and our ordinary shares and warrants began trading on the Nasdaq on August 4, 2022 under the symbols “STIX” and “STIXW,” respectively.
In addition, also in August 2022, we acquired 100.0% of the shares of Zetta, a company that offers a robust variety of SaaS data solutions to enhance data-driven decision-making by healthcare organizations, leveraging client insights to improve care and costs and deepen epidemiological analysis.
In January 2023, we entered into an agreement to acquire Elemeno Inc. (“Elemeno”), a U.S.-based, cloud-managed, MLOps platform provider founded in 2021, focused on helping businesses leverage the benefits of artificial intelligence. The transaction was completed on February 21, 2023. For additional information, see “Item 4. Information on the Company—A. History and Development of the Company—Recent Acquisitions—Acquisition of Elemeno.
On March 28, 2023, Semantix acquired the assets, business and operations of ATSaúde as part of the company’s strategic plan to expand its offerings and presence in the Healthcare & Life Science industry in Brazil, with a specific focus on the pharmaceutical industry. For additional information, see “Item 4. Information on the Company—A. History and Development of the Company—Recent Acquisitions—Acquisition of ATSaúde.
The Registrant owns no material assets other than its interests in its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Semantix AI Ltd. (formerly known as Newco) and Second Merger Sub. In addition, the Registrant does not operate any business other than through Semantix, its wholly owned indirect subsidiary. Semantix is a sociedade anônima organized under the laws of Brazil.
Business Combination with Alpha Capital
On August 3, 2022 (the “Closing Date”), we consummated our Business Combination pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, by and among the Registrant (formerly known as Alpha Capital Holdco Company), Alpha, each of the Merger Subs, and Semantix.
Pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement and prior to the Closing Date, the Semantix shareholders contributed their shares of Semantix into Newco in exchange for Newco Ordinary Shares. As a result, Semantix became a wholly owned subsidiary of Newco. On the Closing Date, (i) First Merger Sub merged with and into Alpha, with Alpha surviving as a direct wholly owned subsidiary of the Registrant, (ii) immediately following the First Merger, Alpha merged with and into Second Merger Sub, with Second Merger Sub surviving as a direct wholly owned subsidiary of the Registrant, and (iii) following the Second Merger, Third Merger Sub merged with and into Newco, with Newco surviving as a direct wholly owned subsidiary of the Registrant.
As part of the Business Combination: (i) each issued and outstanding Alpha Class A Ordinary Share and each issued and outstanding Alpha Class B Ordinary Share was cancelled and converted into the right to receive one Ordinary Share and (ii) each issued and outstanding whole warrant to purchase Alpha Class A Ordinary Shares was converted into the right to receive one Warrant which grants the right to purchase one Ordinary Share at an exercise price of $11.50 per share, subject to the same terms and conditions existing prior to such conversion.
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Additionally, (i) each issued and outstanding Newco Ordinary Share was cancelled and converted into the right to receive the applicable portion of the merger consideration comprised of Ordinary Shares, as determined in accordance with the exchange ratio set forth in the Business Combination Agreement (the “Exchange Ratio”), (ii) each Vested Semantix Option was “net exercised” in full and such net number of Semantix Class A preferred shares was converted into a number of Ordinary Shares determined in accordance with the Exchange Ratio and (iii) each Unvested Semantix Option was converted into an option to acquire Ordinary Shares, with an amount and value determined in accordance with the Exchange Ratio.
In addition, certain Semantix shareholders received additional consideration in the form of the Semantix Earn-Out Shares. The Semantix Earn-Out Shares consist of up to an additional 2,500,000 newly issued Ordinary Shares. The Semantix Earn-Out Shares will be issued in two equal 1,250,000 tranches based on the achievement of post-Closing share price targets of Ordinary Shares of $12.50 and $15.00, respectively, in each case, for any 20 trading days within any consecutive 30 trading day period commencing after the Closing Date and ending on or prior to the fifth anniversary of the Closing Date. A given share price target described above will also be achieved if there is a transaction during the relevant period that results in the Ordinary Shares being converted into the right to receive cash or other consideration having a per share value (in the case of any non-cash consideration, as provided in the definitive transaction documents for such transaction, or if not so provided, as determined by our board of directors in good faith) in excess of the applicable post-Closing share price target set forth above. Such Semantix shareholders’ right and entitlement to receive the Semantix Earn-Out Shares will be forfeited to the extent that the relevant share price targets have not been achieved by the fifth anniversary of the Closing Date.
Substantially concurrently with the execution and delivery of the Business Combination Agreement, Alpha entered into Subscription Agreements with the PIPE Investors, pursuant to which the PIPE Investors purchased an aggregate of 9,364,500 Alpha Class A Ordinary Shares at a price of $10.00 per share, for aggregate gross proceeds of $93,645,000. Two of the PIPE Investors are affiliates of the Sponsor and were officers and directors of Alpha and purchased 100,000 Alpha Class A Ordinary Shares in the aggregate and two of the PIPE Investors are affiliates of Semantix that purchased 6,146,500 Alpha Class A Ordinary Shares in the aggregate, on the same terms and conditions as all other PIPE Investors. Such subscribed shares were converted into Ordinary Shares in connection with the Business Combination. The Company granted certain customary registration rights to the PIPE Investors in connection with the PIPE Financing.
Moreover, certain other related agreements were executed in connection with the Business Combination, including the Voting and Support Agreement, the Lock-up Agreement, the Shareholder Non-Redemption Agreement, the Sponsor Letter Agreement, the Shareholders Agreement, the Exchange Agreement and the A&R Registration Rights Agreement, each as described in “Item 7. Major Shareholders and Related Party Transactions—Related Party Transactions—Transactions Related to the Business Combination.
Prior to the Closing Date, Alpha public shareholders exercised their redemption rights in respect of 19,622,439 Alpha Class A Ordinary Shares. As a result, immediately prior to the Closing Date, there were 3,377,561 Alpha Class A Ordinary Shares outstanding.
The Business Combination was unanimously approved by Alpha’s board of directors and at the extraordinary general meeting of Alpha’s shareholders held on August 2, 2022 (the “Extraordinary General Meeting”). Alpha’s shareholders also voted to approve all other proposals presented at the Extraordinary General Meeting. As a result of the Business Combination, Semantix has become a wholly owned indirect subsidiary of the Registrant. On August 4, 2022, the Ordinary Shares and the Warrants commenced trading on the Nasdaq under the symbols “STIX” and “STIXW,” respectively.
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Due to the significant number of Alpha Class A Ordinary Shares that were redeemed in connection with the Business Combination, the number of Ordinary Shares that the securityholders can sell into the public markets pursuant to the Resale Registration Statement may exceed our public float. Furthermore, the 95,362,978 Ordinary Shares (including Ordinary Shares underlying Warrants) that may be resold pursuant to the Resale Registration Statement exceed the total number of outstanding Ordinary Shares (80,380,061 outstanding Ordinary Shares as of December 31, 2022, prior to any exercise of the Warrants). In addition, the Ordinary Shares beneficially owned by DDT Investments Ltd., Cumorah Group Ltd., ETZ Chaim Investments Ltd., Fundo de Investimento em Participações Multiestratégia Inovabra I—Investimento no Exterior and Crescera Growth Master Semantix Fundo de Investimento em Participações Multiestratégia, being the investment vehicles of certain of the largest Semantix Original Shareholders, represented 77.6% of our total outstanding Ordinary Shares Ordinary Shares as of December 31, 2022 and these holders have the ability to sell all of their Ordinary Shares pursuant to the Resale Registration Statement. Given the substantial number of Ordinary Shares registered for potential resale pursuant to the Resale Registration Statement (and the concentration of such Ordinary Shares among the largest Semantix Original Shareholders in particular), the sale of Ordinary Shares by the securityholders referenced above, or the perception in the market that the securityholders of a large number of Ordinary Shares intend to sell Ordinary Shares, particularly the largest Semantix Original Shareholders, could increase the volatility of the market price of our Ordinary Shares or result in a significant decline in the public trading price of our Ordinary Shares.
In addition, some of the Ordinary Shares which have been registered for resale pursuant to the Resale Registration Statement were acquired by the Selling Securityholders for prices considerably below the current market price of the Ordinary Shares. Even though the current market price is significantly below the price at the time of the initial public offering of Alpha, certain securityholders have an incentive to sell because they have purchased their Ordinary Shares at prices significantly lower than the public investors or the current trading price of the Ordinary Shares and may profit significantly so even under circumstances in which our public shareholders would experience losses in connection with their investment. In particular, the Sponsor, certain of its affiliates and the Semantix Original Shareholders may experience a positive rate of return on the securities they purchased due to the differences in the purchase prices. Based on the closing price of our Ordinary Shares on December 31, 2022 (i) the Sponsor and certain of its affiliates may experience a potential profit of up to $0.88 per share, (ii) the Founders may experience a potential profit of up to $0.88 per share and (iii) Inovabra and Crescera may experience a potential profit of up to $0.56 per share. As such, public shareholders of the Ordinary Shares have likely paid significantly more than certain of the securityholders referenced above for their Ordinary Shares and would not expect to see a positive return unless the price of the Ordinary Shares appreciates above the price at which such shareholders purchased their Ordinary Shares. Investors who purchase the Ordinary Shares on the Nasdaq following the Business Combination are unlikely to experience a similar rate of return on the Ordinary Shares they purchase due to differences in the purchase prices and the current trading price. Based on the closing price of the Ordinary Shares on December 31, 2022 and their respective purchase prices, the securityholders referenced above may receive potential profits ranging from $0.40 per share to up to $0.88 per share. In addition, sales by the Selling Securityholders may cause the trading prices of our securities to experience a decline.
Recent Acquisitions
We have a track record of acquiring businesses and technologies that provide us with new product offerings and capabilities and help us to penetrate new markets. We aim to increase our geographic footprint by expanding our addressable market and pursuing acquisitions or strategic investments in businesses to strengthen our presence in the Latin American region and globally.
We intend to continue to explore potential acquisitions and make targeted acquisitions that complement and strengthen our product portfolio and capabilities as well as our talent pool, or provide us with access to new markets.
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LinkAPI
On December 21, 2020, we acquired 51.0% of the shares of LinkAPI, a company that offers software to facilitate application integration and Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) with scalability, control and security, for R$29.1 million. The strategic rationale for the acquisition of LinkAPI shares by Semantix was to harness the technological capabilities developed by LinkAPI to enhance data integration and reduce friction in relation to Semantix’s big data and artificial intelligence solutions. With the acquisition of our controlling stake, we began to consolidate the results of LinkAPI as of the date of acquisition on December 21, 2020, with the 49.0% attributable to non-controlling shareholders reflected as a non-controlling interest on our balance sheet prior to June 2021.
In June 2021, we exercised our call option to acquire the additional 49.0% of the LinkAPI outstanding share capital for R$51.5 million. Since that date, we no longer report non-controlling interest related to LinkAPI. For the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, LinkAPI generated R$26.9 million and R$19.4 million in revenues, respectively. For the period from December 21, 2020 to December 31, 2020, LinkAPI did not generate material revenues.
Tradimus
On February 21, 2020, we acquired 100.0% of the shares of Tradimus, a company that began its operations in 2012 and offers a comprehensive solution focused on improving the operational efficiency of hospitals, clinics and imaging and diagnostics companies, for R$4.4 million. For the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, Tradimus generated R$3.0 million, R$2.2 million and R$1.8 million in revenues, respectively.
As part of the formation of a partnership to develop valued-based healthcare solutions, on December 30, 2020, Tradimus and Excella, a subsidiary of Caledonia S.A., a third-party health service management company, entered into a memorandum of understanding pursuant to which Excella undertook the obligation to invest at the minimum R$10.0 million in Tradimus, subject to the fulfillment of certain conditions. On March 5, 2021, this investment was approved by the Brazilian antitrust regulator. On May 26, 2021, Excella became a shareholder of Tradimus as a result of a R$5.0 million investment, holding a 50.0% non-controlling stake, thus effectively diluting our stake in Tradimus. We received the remaining R$5.0 million investment by Excella in February, 2023
Zetta
On August 31, 2022, we entered into a share purchase agreement with the shareholders of Zetta to acquire 100.0% of the shares issued by Zetta for R$63.2 million, of which (i) R$25.0 million was paid on August 31, 2022 (concurrently with the execution of the share purchase agreement), (ii) R$22.5 million was paid on January 18, 2023 , (iii) R$5.0 million to be held in escrow to cover potential indemnification obligations owed to us, with any residual amounts outstanding after expiration of the applicable statute of limitations (i.e., five years) to be released to sellers, and (iv) R$15.0 million will be paid in two equal installments on December 1, 2023 and April 1, 2025, subject to the achievement of certain operational and financial milestones.
For the year ended December 31, 2022, Zetta generated R$6.9 million in revenues.
Elemeno
On January 4, 2023, we entered into a share purchase agreement to acquire 100% of the shares of Elemeno, which was concluded in February 2023.
Founded in 2021, Elemeno simplifies machine learning development by providing an end-to-end development framework, which includes not only automation but key no-code components for managing features and models, as well as an open software development kit (SDK) for custom use cases. With a fully managed, highly scalable infrastructure and a standard serverless architecture based on Kubernetes, Elemeno aims to allow customers to build ML models with ease and effortlessly resolve challenges that can be addressed through artificial intelligence.
The transaction was structured as a merger of a Semantix subsidiary with Elemeno, with the surviving company becoming a subsidiary of Semantix.
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ATSaúde
On March 28, 2023, Semantix acquired acquired the assets, businesses and operations of ATSaúde as part of the company’s strategic plan to expand its offerings and presence in the Healthcare & Life Science industry in Brazil, with a specific focus on the pharmaceutical industry. ATSaúde is a Brazilian health data company that offers a curated and organized dashboard to the pharmaceutical industry in Brazil. It was founded in 2018 by André Marques dos Santos. The solution operates in a parameterized manner, aiming to ensure traceability and later auditability of processes and workflows.
Capital Expenditures
Capital expenditures are payments related to the acquisition of subsidiaries, property and equipment/prepayment right of use and intangible assets that are reflected in our net cash outflow from investment activities.
For the year ended December 31, 2022, capital expenditures amounted to R$ 61.6 million, of which (i) R$ 36.9 million related to related to the capitalization of development expenses in connection with our proprietary data platform (ii) R$ 24.1 million related to the acquisition of our controlling equity stake in Zetta and (iii) R$ 0.5 million related to the acquisition of property and equipment.
For the year ended December 31, 2021, capital expenditures amounted to R$21.9 million, of which (i) R$21.2 million related to the capitalization of development expenses in connection with our proprietary data platform and (ii) R$0.6 million related to the acquisition of property and equipment.
For the year ended December 31, 2020, capital expenditures amounted to R$42.3 million, of which (i) R$26.6 million related to the acquisition of our controlling equity stake in LinkAPI and Tradimus, (ii) R$15.1 million related to the capitalization of development expenses in connection with our proprietary data platform and (iii) R$0.6 million related to the acquisition of property and equipment.
For a discussion regarding how our capital expenditures are financed, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—B. Liquidity and Capital Resources.
Corporate Information
The Registrant’s registered office is c/o Maples Corporate Services Limited, PO Box 309, Ugland House, Grand Cayman, KY1-1104, Cayman Islands, and the Registrant’s principal executive office is Avenida Eusébio Matoso, 1.375, 10º andar, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, 05423-180. the Registrant’s principal website address is www.semantix.ai. We do not incorporate the information contained on, or accessible through, the Registrant’s websites into this annual report, and you should not consider it a part of this document.
The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. The SEC’s website is http://www.sec.gov.
B.Business Overview
Overview
Our mission is to empower organizations to optimize their data journeys by providing a data-centric platform to accelerate digital transformation and enhance business performance through seamless, low-code and low-touch data analytics solutions. Our proprietary data software is designed to allow customers to access data from any source and develop appropriate analytics to meet their industry and business needs. Our portfolio of products enables companies to commence their data lifecycle with simple solutions that can be later scaled-up and tailored with the objective of satisfying specific analytic demands and business circumstances.
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Semantix was founded in 2010. With operations across Latin America and a growing presence in the United States, we offer proprietary SaaS data solutions and third-party software licenses together with highly complementary AI and data analytics services designed to enable companies to manage data effectively. Our software solutions aim to extract business insights and apply AI automation for our customers across their business processes, with us serving over 300 companies across a broad range of sectors, including finance, retail, telecommunications, healthcare, industrials and agribusiness, among others, with a varied client portfolio of all sizes, from small businesses to large enterprises.
We embrace a data-driven world where companies can harness the use of data to unlock insights for their businesses to improve efficiency and profitability. In furtherance of this vision, we pioneered the data cloud category in Latin America and seek to replicate this early success globally by offering build to suit data solutions that allow organizations to unify and connect to a single copy of all of their data effortlessly and securely. These data solutions eliminate silos and inefficiencies created by data storage in various cloud formats and on-premise data centers.
We offer a robust set of proprietary SaaS and third-party software solutions to our customers that allow them to simply, nimbly and securely manage their data. We believe our unique value proposition is an internally-developed, frictionless, end-to-end proprietary SaaS data platform, which we refer to as the SDP.
SDP seeks to reduce the complexity in the implementation of big data projects via an all-in-one proprietary platform that guides customers through their entire data lifecycles, from capturing data, to structuring that data in the form of a data lake, then providing easy access to such data for exploration and interaction and, finally, creating reports, dashboards and algorithms fueled by the data to enhance business performance. SDP also provides customers with the flexibility, scalability, and performance of having access to a global cloud from any of the leading platforms such as Microsoft’s Azure, Amazon’s AWS and Alphabet’s Google Cloud. This broad access is combined with a high degree of cost predictability that customers appreciate, particularly as SDP largely eliminates exchange rate risk in the pricing of services for Latin American customers that they would be otherwise exposed to licensing data solutions from international suppliers who primarily price their services in U.S. dollars. In addition, we have a team of software developers who can support all of our customers on a global basis at competitive rates.
The graphic below highlights the key features and competitive advantages of SDP:
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While our proprietary SaaS business line has gained substantial momentum since 2020 and is expected to be a key growth driver in accordance with our strategic plans, the majority of our revenues continue to be derived from the resale of third-party software licenses that we purchase from third-party data platform software providers located outside of Brazil, such as Cloudera and Elastic. In the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, 61.3% and 62.0% of our revenues, respectively, derived from our third-party software business line; 21.0% and 18.8%, respectively, derived from our proprietary SaaS business line, and 17.6% and 19.2%, respectively, derived from our AI & data analytics business line.
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Whether through our own technology or third-party technology, we resolved the challenges posed by multiple data silos and data governance by providing frictionless data access to users in a scalable and safe manner with almost no maintenance requirements. Any and all enhancements to our data software are also provided by our technical team, which we believe is a key differentiating factor favoring us vis-à-vis global data software providers and provides a diversified revenue stream to us. With an enterprise ready, stack agnostic, all-in-one software development approach, we seek to guide customers with all their data needs supported by 24x7 premium customer care for our SaaS solutions.
Key Business Areas
We offer data solutions through (i) our proprietary SaaS software solutions, primarily our proprietary data integration platform SDP, which we expect to propel future revenue growth at an accelerated pace with attractive margins, (ii) third-party software licenses and (iii) AI and data analytics services, which we offer to customers to further enrich their data journeys. The graphic set forth below summarizes our key business areas:
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We pursue a “land and expand” strategy through which we first introduce customers to simple, entry-level data software via third-party licenses and, over time, aim to enhance customers’ data generation and interpretation with the more robust and multifaceted capabilities of SDP, thus, in the process, migrating these customers to higher margin products through this transition to SDP software. We have been able to make this transition happen. In 2019, 99.0% of our revenues from data software products were derived from the resale of third-party software licenses. By 2022, approximately 21.0% of our revenues were derived from our proprietary SaaS business line, which we believe demonstrates the importance of our proprietary solutions as a growth driver.
This increasing relevance of our proprietary SaaS platform was accelerated following our December 2020 acquisition of LinkAPI, through which we acquired the capability to build, monitor and manage integration and application programming interfaces (“APIs”), thus fortifying’s SDP’s functionality by allowing SDP to access data from any and all data lakes with over 200 pre-ready components to facilitate speedy integration (for additional information regarding the LinkAPI investment, see “—History and Development of the Company—Recent Acquisitions—LinkAPI.” ).
Given this substantial momentum driving our proprietary SaaS business area, we seek to further expand this business area as follows: (i) migrate customers using third party platforms to SDP, and (ii) in some cases, offer SDP initially to certain new customers, while for other new customers, we will develop a data plan to start with third-party software and then eventually advance to SDP.
We resell l