S-1/A 1 tm2219462-3_s1a.htm S-1/A tm2219462-3_s1a - block - 73.5471974s
As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 3, 2022
No. 333-267477
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Amendment No. 1
to
FORM S-1
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
QUALTEK SERVICES INC.
Additional Registrants Listed on Schedule A Hereto
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
1623
(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
83-3584928
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
(484) 804-4585
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)
Christopher S. Hisey
Chief Executive Officer
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
(484) 804-4585
(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)
Copies to:
Timothy Cruickshank, P.C.
Kirkland & Ellis LLP
601 Lexington Avenue
New York, New York 10022
(212) 446-4800
Erin Fogarty
K&L Gates LLP
Southeast Financial Center
200 S. Biscayne Boulevard, Suite 3900
Miami, Florida 33131
(305) 539-3385
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after this Registration Statement becomes effective.
If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box: ☒
If this Form is filed to registered additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ☐

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission acting pursuant to said section 8(a), may determine.
Schedule A
Exact Name of Additional Registrants
Jurisdiction of
Incorporation
or Formation
Principal Executive
Offices
Primary
Standard
Industrial
Classification
Code
Number
I.R.S.
Employer
Identification
No.
QualTek LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
46-0777008
QualTek Wireline LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
46-1348019
QualSat, LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
36-4768660
AdvanTek Electrical Construction, LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
82-4076159
QualTek Wireless LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
82-2496529
Site Safe, LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
82-2667698
QualTek Recovery Logistics LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
83-2037301
QualTek Fulfillment LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
83-2527795
QualTek Renewables LLC
TX
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
05-0529922
QualTek Buyer, LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
83-0962442
QualTek MidCo, LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
30-0834354
QualTek Management, LLC
DE
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
32-0443933
NX Utilities ULC
BC
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
98-1437498
Concurrent Group LLC
FL
475 Sentry Parkway E, Suite 200
Blue Bell, PA 19422
1623
82-1840870

The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not issue these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.
SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED OCTOBER 3, 2022
PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS
QUALTEK SERVICES INC.
3,589,000 Shares of Class A Common Stock
306,000 warrants by the Selling Stockholders
Senior Convertible Notes due 2027 by the Selling Noteholders
Up to 31,104,034 Shares of Class A Common Stock Underlying 2027 Convertible Notes
This prospectus relates to (a) the resale from time to time of (i) up to 3,589,000 shares of our Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Class A Common Stock”), consisting of 3,283,000 shares of Class A Common Stock and 306,000 shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of Private Placement Warrants (as defined below), each exercisable for one share of Class A Common Stock at a price of $11.50 per share (“warrants”) and (ii) 306,000 warrants by the selling security holders named in this prospectus (each a “Selling Stockholder,” and, collectively, the “Selling Stockholders”), (b) the resale from time to time of up to $124,685,000 in aggregate principal amount of senior convertible notes due 2027 (the “2027 Convertible Notes”) by the selling holders named in this prospectus (the “Selling Noteholders” and, together with the Selling Stockholders, the “Selling Securityholders”) and (c) the resale from time to time of up to 31,104,034 shares of our Class A Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the 2027 Convertible Notes by the Selling Noteholders.
On February 14, 2022, we consummated the business combination (the “Business Combination”) pursuant to that certain business combination agreement dated as of June 16, 2021 (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “Business Combination Agreement”), by and among (i) Roth CH Acquisition III Co., a Delaware corporation (“ROCR”), (ii) Roth CH III Blocker Merger Sub, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly-owned subsidiary of ROCR (“Blocker Merger Sub”), (iii) BCP QualTek Investors, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Blocker”), (iv) Roth CH Acquisition III Merger Sub, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly-owned subsidiary of ROCR (“Company Merger Sub”), (v) QualTek HoldCo, LLC (f/k/a BCP QualTek HoldCo, LLC), a Delaware limited liability company (“QualTek HoldCo”) and (vi) BCP QualTek, LLC, a Delaware limited liability, solely in its capacity as representative of the Blocker’s equityholders and QualTek HoldCo’s equityholders (“BCP QualTek”), pursuant to which (i) the Blocker Merger Sub was merged with and into the Blocker, with the Blocker as the surviving company (the “Blocker Merger”), (ii) immediately after the Blocker Merger, the Blocker was merged with and into ROCR, with ROCR as the surviving company (the “Buyer Merger”), and (iii) immediately after the Buyer Merger, the Company Merger Sub was merged with and into ROCR, with ROCR as the surviving company (the “QualTek Merger”). In connection with the closing of the Business Combination, on February 14, 2022, ROCR changed its name from Roth CH Acquisition III Co. to QualTek Services Inc. (the “Company” or “QualTek”).
We will bear all costs, expenses and fees in connection with the registration of the Class A Common Stock, warrants and 2027 Convertible Notes and will not receive any proceeds from the sale of such securities. The Selling Noteholders will bear all commissions and discounts, if any, attributable to their respective sales of the 2027 Convertible Notes and Class A Common Stock underlying the 2027 Convertible Notes.
Our Class A Common Stock and warrants are listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market (“Nasdaq”) under the symbols “QTEK” and “QTEKW,” respectively. The 2027 Convertible Notes will not be listed on any securities exchange. On September 30, 2022, the closing sale price of our Class A Common Stock and warrants were $2.01 and $0.27, respectively.
Investing in our Class A Common Stock, warrants and 2027 Convertible Notes involves risks that are described in the “Risk Factors” section beginning on page 17 of this prospectus.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of the securities to be issued under this prospectus or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The date of this prospectus is                 , 2022.

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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F-1
 
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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-1 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) using the “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, the Selling Securityholders may, from time to time, sell the securities offered by them described in this prospectus. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale by such Selling Securityholders of the securities offered by them described in this prospectus. This prospectus also relates to the issuance by us of the shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of any warrants and the conversion of 2027 Convertible Notes. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of Class A Common Stock underlying the warrants or 2027 Convertible Notes pursuant to this prospectus, except with respect to amounts received by us upon the exercise of the warrants for cash.
Neither we nor the Selling Securityholders have authorized anyone to provide you with any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement or any free writing prospectus prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholders take responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholders will make an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.
We may also provide a prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement to add information to, or update or change information contained in, this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement together with the additional information to which we refer you in the sections of this prospectus entitled “Where You Can Find More Information.”
On February 14, 2022, we consummated the Business Combination contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, by and among ROCR, Blocker Merger Sub, Blocker, Company Merger Sub, QualTek HoldCo and BCP QualTek, pursuant to which (i) the Blocker Merger Sub was merged with and into the Blocker, with the Blocker as the surviving company in the Blocker Merger, (ii) immediately after the Blocker Merger, the Blocker was merged with and into ROCR, with ROCR as the surviving company in the Buyer Merger, and (iii) immediately after the Buyer Merger, the Company Merger Sub was merged with and into ROCR, with ROCR as the surviving company in the QualTek Merger. In connection with the closing of the Business Combination, on February 14, 2022, ROCR changed its name from Roth CH Acquisition III Co. to QualTek Services Inc.
 
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FREQUENTLY USED TERMS
Unless otherwise stated in this prospectus, the terms “we,” “us,” “our” or “QualTek” refer to QualTek Services Inc., a Delaware corporation. In addition, in this prospectus:
Amended and Restated Bylaws” means the Amended and Restated Bylaws of QualTek, as amended, supplemented and otherwise modified from time to time.
Board” means the board of directors of QualTek.
Brightstar” means Brightstar Capital Partners, L.P. and its affiliates.
Business Combination” means the business combination pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, which was consummated on February 14, 2022.
Class A Common Stock” means the Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value, of QualTek.
Class B Common Stock” means the Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value, of QualTek.
Common Stock” means the Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock of QualTek.
Certificate of Incorporation” means the Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of QualTek, as amended, restated and otherwise modified from time to time.
2027 Convertible Notes” means the Convertible Senior Notes due 2027 that are convertible into shares of Class A Common Stock at an initial conversion price of $10.00 per share (subject to adjustment).
Convertible Note Investment” means the private placement pursuant to which the Convertible Note Investors subscribed for 2027 Convertible Notes.
Convertible Note Investors” means certain institutional investors that invested in the Convertible Note Investment.
Convertible Note Shares” means the shares of Class A Common Stock to be issued upon conversion of the 2027 Convertible Notes, in accordance with the terms and subject to the conditions of the Indenture.
Convertible Note Subscription Agreements” means, collectively, those certain subscription agreements entered into between QualTek and the Convertible Note Investors, pursuant to which such Convertible Note Investors agreed to purchase up to $124,685,000 in aggregate principal amount of 2027 Convertible Notes in the Convertible Note Investment.
DGCL” means the Delaware General Corporation Law, as amended.
Indenture” means the indenture entered into in connection with the closing of the Business Combination, dated as of February 14, 2022, by and among QualTek, the guarantors party thereto and the Indenture Trustee, in its capacity as trustee thereunder, as amended, supplemented and otherwise modified from time to time.
Indenture Trustee” means Wilmington Trust, National Association, a national banking association.
Initial Stockholders” means the holders of ROCR shares prior to the ROCR IPO.
Investor Rights Agreement” means the investor rights agreement entered in connection with the closing of the Business Combination, dated as of February 14, 2022, by and between QualTek, certain Sellers as set forth therein, BCP QualTek, the Sponsors, Sponsor Representative, and certain Other Holders (all as defined therein), as amended, supplemented and otherwise modified from time to time.
Nasdaq” refers to the Nasdaq Capital Market.
Private Placement Shares” means the shares of our Class A Common Stock included in the Private Placement Units issued to the Initial Stockholders in a private placement that closed prior to the ROCR IPO.
 
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Private Placement Units” means the units, consisting of one share of Class A Common Stock and one-quarter of one warrant to purchase one share of Class A Common Stock, issued to the Initial Stockholders in a private placement that closed prior to the ROCR IPO.
Private Placement Warrants” means the warrants included in the Private Placement Units issued to the Initial Stockholders in a private placement that closed prior to the ROCR IPO, each of which is exercisable for one share of Class A Common Stock, in accordance with its terms.
QualTek Equityholders” refers to the Company Equityholders (as defined in the Business Combination Agreement).
QualTek Common Units” refers to the Common Units as defined in the Third Amended and Restated LLCA.
Reorganization Transactions” refers to the Reorganization Transactions as defined in the Tax Receivable Agreement.
ROCR” means Roth CH Acquisition III Co.
ROCR IPO” means the initial public offering of ROCR, consummated on March 5, 2021.
SEC” means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.
Tax Receivable Agreement” refers to that certain Tax Receivable Agreement entered into in connection with the closing of the Business Combination, dated as of February 14, 2022.
Third Amended and Restated LLCA” refers to that certain Third Amended and Restated Limited Liability Company Operating Agreement of QualTek.
TRA Holder Representative” refers to the TRA Holder Representative as defined in the Tax Receivable Agreement.
TRA Holders” refers to the TRA Holders as defined in the Tax Receivable Agreement.
 
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SUMMARY OF THE PROSPECTUS
This summary highlights selected information from this prospectus and may not contain all of the information that is important to you in making an investment decision. Before investing in our securities, you should carefully read this entire prospectus, including our consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in this prospectus and the information set forth under the heading “Risk Factors.”
Company Overview
We are a technology-driven, leading provider of communications infrastructure service, power grid modernization, and renewables solutions to the North American telecommunications and utilities industries. We provide a variety of mission-critical services across the telecom and renewable energy value chain, including wireline and fiber optic terminations, wireless, fiber-to-the-home (“FTTH”) and customer fulfillment activities. Our experienced management team has leveraged our technical expertise, rigorous quality and safety standards, and execution track record to establish and maintain long-standing relationships with blue-chip customers.
We operate out of two business segments: Telecom and Renewables & Recovery Logistics. Telecom consists of wireless, wireline, and power, which represents 81% of our revenues for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021. We entered the renewable infrastructure sector with our acquisition of Fiber Network Solutions, LLC, now known as QualTek Renewables LLC (“Renewables”) in January 2021, which represents 5% of our revenues for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021. Recovery Logistics represents 14% of our revenues for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021.
Telecommunications
We provide a full suite of services to the telecom sector across both the wireless and wireline markets, from site acquisition and permitting to initial engineering and design to installation, maintenance, program management and fulfillment. Our core offerings consist of:

Engineering and construction services including the design and construction of aerial and underground fiber optic and coaxial systems for homes, businesses, cell towers, and small cells.

Installation services including the placement and splicing of fiber and coaxial cable, in addition to upgrades and new site builds for cellular towers.

Site acquisition services to determine the location for new sites prior to new site builds.

We also provide cable and satellite fulfillment services for residential and commercial customers. These services are provided for telecom companies in connection with the maintenance or expansion of new and existing networks.
While the telecommunications industry is naturally concentrated, we maintain customer diversification across our business segments. We have numerous long-established relationships with telephone companies, wireless carriers, multiple cable system operators and electric utilities companies, which have been built upon and cultivated through numerous Master Service Agreements (“MSAs”) that extend for periods of one or more years (majority are for three or more years, some of which have auto-renewal provisions). Blue-chip, investment grade customers including AT&T, Verizon, COX Communications, T-Mobile, Spectrum, and Comcast comprise a substantial portion of our revenue.
Within our Telecommunications segment we also provide electrical contracting, and utility construction and maintenance services. We construct and maintain overhead and underground distribution systems for municipalities, electric membership cooperatives, and electric-utility companies.
Renewables and Recovery Logistics
We entered the renewable infrastructure sector with our acquisition of Renewables in January 2021. Renewables is a full-service provider of fiber optic and electrical services, focusing primarily on renewable energy projects. Our capabilities in the space include expertise in wind and solar farm fiber, installation, and
 
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testing, optical ground wire (“OPGW”) & all-dielectric self-supporting (“ADSS”) aerial transmission line installation, and large-scale data com solutions and installation.
In serving our customers, we provide fiber optic terminations, optical time domain reflectometer (“OTDR”) and power meter testing, fusion splicing, fiber placement, extensive fiber optic and copper infrastructure installation, cable jetting, boring and trenching, industry specific maintenance and material procurement.
We also provide business continuity and disaster relief services to telecommunications and power utility companies, as well as business-as-usual (“BAU”) services such as generator storage and repair and cell maintenance services.
Geographic Presence
Our consolidated business has a national footprint with approximately 80 service locations across the U.S., strategically located in close proximity to major customers and growing markets. Our geographic footprint has grown to its present state both organically and through strategic acquisitions. QualTek serves markets locally through a dedicated in-house employee base of approximately 1,900 employees and a workforce of over 5,000 individuals (inclusive of in-house employees). Ultimately, we are a technology-driven provider of communications infrastructure services and solutions to the North American telecommunications and utilities industries, and we believe we are well-positioned for continued growth.
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Industry Overview
Telecommunications
Significant advances in technology and rapid innovation in service offerings to data consumers have substantially increased demand for faster and more reliable wireless and wireline/fiber communications network services. Cisco’s 2020 Annual Internet Report (the “2020 CISCO Report”) predicts that by 2023, North Americans will have 5 billion networked devices/connections, up from 3 billion in 2018, with a nearly tripling of broadband and wireless speeds (measured in Mbps) over the same time period.
With the proliferation of mobile devices, advancements in the “internet of things,” or IoT, and segments of the workforce permanently shifting to remote work post-COVID-19, network traffic is at an all-time high and is expected to continue to grow, generating demand for both wired and wireless connectivity. Increased data usage is driven by two key dynamics: i) an increase in the number of internet-enabled devices
 
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per capita and ii) an increase in connection speed. The 2020 Cisco Report provides that devices and connections are growing faster (10% CAGR) than both the population (1% CAGR) and internet users (6% CAGR). As a result, devices and connections per household and per capita in North America are expected to grow 63%, up from 8.2 in 2018 to 13.4 by 2023.
COVID-19 has further catalyzed network traffic growth by creating permanent shifts away from the office and into the home. Per a 2020 Gartner report, 75% of companies are planning to permanently shift to remote work post COVID-19, which will continue to drive consumer demand for high-speed home office connectivity.
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Low levels of fiber penetration and the nascent state of North American 5G deployment currently present significant opportunities for sustained growth for businesses such as QualTek:

Wireless:   Major carriers have continued to expand wireless network capacity and density with accelerated development and planned implementation of 5G wireless technologies. The increased speed and capacity that will result from deployment of 5G technology will require additional and improved tower capacity with higher data frequencies, as well as deployment of numerous higher bandwidth small cells to “densify” network performance. Wireless technology will need to be supported by fiber backbone and as a result, many carriers have committed to investing in the fiber infrastructure buildout.

Wired:   Telecommunication companies have also deployed capital and initiatives to improve fiber connectivity. Only about 10-15% of total broadband connections in the U.S. are provisioned by fiber, as compared to over 50% in other developed countries such as South Korea, Sweden and Finland. Importantly, with only about 47 million U.S. homes (about 37% as per the Fiber Broadband Association) passed with fiber in 2019, over 100 million U.S. homes represent opportunities for fiber passing over the next several years, indicating a massive investment cycle that is still in early stages.
 
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Renewable and Recovery Logistics
In 2017 and 2018, solar PV and onshore wind consolidated their dominance in the renewable energy market, representing on average 77% of total finance commitments in renewable energy. The highly modular nature of these technologies, their short project development lead times, increasing competitiveness driven by technology and manufacturing improvements, and government regulations play an important role in explaining these technologies’ large share of global renewable energy investment.
Investment in offshore wind has picked up, attracting, on average, $21 billion a year globally between 2013 and 2018, and representing 8% of the total renewable capacity addition in 2018. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (“IRENA”), offshore wind holds considerable growth potential and will have a key role to play in achieving a level of deployment to support a decarbonized growth trajectory.
The Biden administration is expected to amplify this increase in spending for renewable power projects. For example, since his first day in office, President Biden has rejoined the 2015 Paris Agreement, committed
 
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to investing $400 billion in the next ten years in clean energy and innovation, and set a goal to achieve a carbon pollution-free power sector by 2035. We believe that this will translate into significant government spending in renewables to meet this goal, and also government regulations and policies that promote spending in the renewables space across various sectors of the economy. We believe that the Biden administration’s commitment to renewable energy will create ripple effects across the nation and ultimately lead to more opportunities for us to expand our business with customers.
Competitive Strengths
Culture of Operational Excellence that Resonates with Established Blue-Chip Customer Base
QualTek analyzes and evaluates key performance metrics, from customer satisfaction to technical issues in the field, hiring processes and working capital management. We have fostered a culture of continuous improvement and our operational excellence is reflected in our ability to take market share. Our decentralized operations create multiple points of contact with our customers, including Fortune 500 companies such as AT&T, Verizon, Comcast, Blattner Energy, Kiewit, and Dish thereby generating numerous individual relationships and contract opportunities per customer.
Highly Scalable Shared Services Platform Driven by Tech-Enabled Capabilities
QualTek provides full turnkey services to its customers. Our significant investment over the years to optimize our platform and technology has created a highly scalable business ready to support continued growth. For example, a centralized shared services system provides us with a competitive advantage for operational execution of customer services, process consistency and cross division sharing of “best practices,” resulting in enhanced efficiency and scalability. To maintain this operational excellence, we conduct disciplined measuring of key performance indicators (“KPIs”) with quality control for every division to ensure industry-leading execution capabilities.
Significant Revenue and Backlog Visibility
Our backlog consists of the estimated amount of revenue we expect to realize from future work on uncompleted contracts, including new contracts under which work has not begun, as well as revenue from change orders and renewal options. A significant portion of our 24-month backlog is attributable to master service agreements and other service agreements, none of which require our customers to purchase a minimum amount of services and are cancelable on short or no advance notice. Backlog amounts are determined based on estimates that incorporate historical trends, anticipated seasonal impacts, experience from similar projects and estimates of customer demand based on communications with our customers.
Our long-standing relationships with blue-chip, investment grade customers enable us to understand our customers’ needs and expand our backlog. Our backlog provides long-term visibility into a recurring and growing revenue base. QualTek has significant revenue visibility given our estimated $2.1 billion two‑year backlog of which $2.0 billion relates to our Telecom segment and $0.1 billion relates to our Renewables & Recovery Logistics segment.
Backlog is not a measure defined by United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, GAAP results. Participants in our industry often disclose a calculation of their backlog; however, our methodology for determining backlog may not be comparable to the methodologies used by others. There can be no assurance as to our customers’ requirements or if actual results will be consistent with the estimates included in our forecasts. As a result, our backlog as of any particular date is an uncertain indicator of future revenue and earnings.
Proven Acquisition Strategy with Successful Integration Process
Our management team has demonstrated the success of its unique M&A strategy through the successful identification and integration of nine add-ons in the last three-and-a-half years, including four during 2021. QualTek’s successful M&A history demonstrates our extensive experience in identifying synergistic targets and successfully integrating them into our platform. QualTek enables a quick and seamless integration process
 
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by onboarding the target business onto QualTek’s supporting IT infrastructure, leveraging our QVision platform to standardize performance within the target business to meet the standard of quality that QualTek delivers.
Our M&A activity has also successfully diversified our revenue base across a number of high quality customers in both the telecommunication and renewable energy sectors, with continued emphasis on providing complementary service offerings to drive cross-sell and capture market share and we expect to continue acquiring target companies at accretive multiples.
World-Class Talent and Management Team
QualTek is led by highly experienced management team that is positioned to drive market share capture and capitalize on sector momentum. Our senior management team has an average of 25+ years of individual industry experience and has worked together for a considerable period of time. Our team is well suited to establish and maintain long-standing relationships with blue-chip customers as a result of our technical expertise, rigorous quality and safety standards, and execution track record.
Strategic Regional Presence across the U.S.
QualTek has a national footprint with approximately 80 strategically located service locations across the U.S. in close proximity to our major customers, allowing us to respond to customer demand swiftly and efficiently. Our presence in multiple regions gives us valuable insight into local market drivers and customer demand, thereby enabling us to provide bespoke services in each market. Due to this presence, QualTek has also built deep relationships with local customers that help drive business development, project execution, and cross-sell opportunities. QualTek serves markets locally through a dedicated in-house employee base of approximately 1,900 employees and its activities provide work for over 5,000 people through the use of subcontracting firms to access a deeper and more flexible labor pool to efficiently deliver on engagements across the region.
Growth Strategy
Expand Service Offerings & Solutions while Leveraging Contract Opportunities
QualTek’s complementary service offering creates an opportunity for us to grow our business with customers in two core ways: by winning more contracts and cross-selling services. We anticipate growth in our Telecom business as spectrum continues to become available. Additionally, we plan to cross-sell our full-suite of wireless services to our existing customer base.
In our Renewables & Recovery Logistics segment, we see significant opportunity to leverage existing customers and footprint for incremental projects. We also expect the Biden administration to promote more spending in renewables, not only through government contracts, but also in other sectors and businesses that will in turn reinvest in renewable energy solutions.
Scaled Growth Leader in the Early Stage of a Multi-Year Telecom and Renewables Infrastructure Spend Cycle
We believe that QualTek is poised to capitalize on attractive industry dynamics and tailwinds. Increasing data consumption across multiple platforms, continued growth of mobile data demand, increasing popularity of video streaming services, and continued expansion of fiber networks are all drivers of carrier demand for network infrastructure. This exponential increase in data traffic will require an upgraded network infrastructure and deeper fiber penetration to serve as the foundation for 5G wireless technology moving forward. Every major carrier, including Verizon and AT&T, has publicly committed to investing in the fiber and 5G build-out.
Continued Value Creation Through Strategic M&A
Since 2012, QualTek has successfully leveraged the experience and track record of our seasoned management team to identify and integrate tuck-in opportunities, which have aided in our growth both organically and inorganically. In the past three-and-a-half years, we have successfully acquired and integrated
 
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nine targets. Our origination process is largely centered on management’s deep relationships across the industry, which enable us to actively identify strategic targets in attractive markets or with complementary, value-added service capabilities. Thus, we have a continually evolving platform of high quality potential targets.
QualTek also has a successful history of integrating tuck-ins and providing a conducive environment for target management to achieve earnouts. We are able to leverage our proprietary technology-driven and highly scalable shared services platform to seamlessly integrate and grow the acquisition targets. Over time, we often see a reduction in our acquisition multiple (between pre-acquisition EBITDA multiple and post-acquisition EBITDA multiple) as QualTek realizes significant growth synergies and expands its business with customers.
Our Services and Solutions
We are a leading, one-stop infrastructure solutions provider at the epicenter of the 5G and renewables buildout. To serve our customers, we operate in two distinct segments: Telecom, which includes our wireless and wireline engineering and construction services along with our electrical construction and maintenance services, and Renewables & Recovery Logistics.
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Telecommunications
Our Telecom segment helps our clients build and maintain better, more reliable networks across the United States. We are able to provide technology-driven, field-based critical services across every stage of the network life-cycle for the telecommunications industry and power utility industry. This segment is composed of three sub-segments of services: wireless, wireline and power.
Wireless
This sub-segment operates under the brand QualTek Wireless as a turnkey provider of installation, project management, maintenance, real estate, and site acquisition to major wireless carriers. Some other services offered include:

Architecture and Engineering

Permitting

Program and Construction Management

Construction and Integration

Site Acquisition

Real Estate
 
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Wireline
This sub-segment provides fiber optic aerial and underground installation, fiber optic splicing, termination & testing, new installation, engineering, and fulfillment services to major telecommunication companies. Other wireline services include:

Fiber Backhaul

Aerial Installation

Pole Upgrades

Fiber / Copper Splicing

Direction Drilling

Missile Boring

Trenching

OTDR Test / Certification

MDU Retro-Fits

MTU Builds
QualTek’s ability to implement smarter designs, increase utilization rates, and improve network performance all help lower operating expenses and increase profits for our customers. In the Wireless and Wireline sub-segments, QualTek has long-standing relationships with AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile, Dish, Comcast, Altice, amongst many other blue-chip names.
Power
This sub-segment provides electrical contracting, and utility construction and maintenance services to municipalities, electric membership cooperatives, and electric-utility companies, including the construction and maintenance of overhead and underground distribution systems. We provide comprehensive power line services including:

New-build Distribution Line Construction

Maintenance

Pole Replacements

Live-line Maintenance

Hardening and Reliability Services

Directional Boring

Underground Structures

Duct Bank Projects

Direct-Bury Conduit

Greenfield Residential Distribution
QualTek has the experience and the resources necessary to reliably deliver quality work for even the most complex and demanding overhead and underground ventures.
Renewables & Recovery Logistics
Our Renewables & Recovery Logistics segment provides end-to-end services for clients in the renewable energy sector and supports business continuity and disaster relief for clients in the telecommunications, power utility, and renewable energy industries.
 
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Renewables
This sub-segment operates under the brand QualTek Renewables and provides installation, testing, and maintenance for wind farms, solar farms, and fiber optic grids. Other QualTek Renewables services include:

Fiber Optic Terminations

OTDR and Power Meter Testing

Fusion Splicing

Fiber Replacement

Fiber Optic and Copper Infrastructure Installation

Cable Jetting

Boring & Trenching

Wind and Solar Farm fiber, installation, and testing

Large scale data communications solutions and installation

OPGW & ADSS Aerial transmission line installation
Our wind business comprises a majority of the revenue for our Renewables sub-segment for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021. Advanced wind turbines include a large number of sensors whose signals are prone to contamination from electrical interference from lightning strikes. It is increasingly common to use fiber optics to galvanically isolate such interfaces, which is more difficult and costly with copper wires. This not only limits the damage of any lightning strikes but also can help reduce the effects of power line noise on sensitive sensor readings. Fiber optics are used for both galvanic isolation purposes and data communications. In addition, offshore turbines are often situated five plus miles from the control center on land, making routine maintenance difficult and costly. As a result, wind turbine operators increasingly rely on complex sensors to monitor efficiently and schedule routine maintenance. Fiber optic cables are the preferred choice from a reliability and ease of maintenance perspective, especially at scale.
Our solar business services help support solar power generation by ensuring that our clients’ farms are running safely and efficiently. In a solar farm power generation system, large amounts of current are generated from the heat of the sun. In order to protect the equipment from current leakage, galvanic insulation becomes important to ensure the power system’s quality and reliability. Fiber optics offer insulation protection from high-voltage/current glitches and unwanted signals into power equipment controls and communication. In addition, fiber optic communication can cover longer link distance connections compared to copper wire. As the solar farms grow in size, monitoring and controlling all the solar panels requires long link distance connections, which is only possible with fiber optic cable.
Recovery Logistics
This sub-segment operates under the brand QualTek Recovery Logistics and provides business continuity, restoration, and disaster relief services to its clients, including AT&T, Verizon, Duke Energy, Gulf Power, and Entergy, amongst others. QualTek Recovery Logistics is able to deploy recovery teams from any one of QualTek’s approximately 80 locations, enabling rapid responses across North America. Some other services offered include:

Recovery Management

Transport Logistics

Temporary Shelter

Network Recovery

Fleet Services

Energy Resources
 
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Catering

Sanitation
Through our 2018 acquisition of Recovery Logistics, LLC (“RLI”), we transformed our recovery logistics sub-segment from a regional player with concentration in the Southeast to a fully national presence with a diversified customer base which can be served out of approximately 80 locations. RLI is a leading provider of business continuity and disaster recovery operations for the telecommunications and power utility sectors. RLI helps businesses recover from unplanned events, including hurricanes, winter storms and floods.
QualTek’s recent entry into the renewable energy space positions it to capitalize on sector tailwinds. Within Renewables, there is also significant opportunity for the Company to leverage existing customer relationships, as well as its footprint, to gain traction and win incremental projects. This also applies to QualTek’s Recovery Logistics sub-segment, as the Company may be able to cross-sell recurring maintenance and recovery services to capture incremental revenue and deepen penetration with existing customer relationships. Providing recovery logistics capabilities offers another touchpoint for the Company to deliver high value-added services, underlining QualTek’s extensive repertoire of end-to-end services.
We believe that revenue will continue to be propelled by the government’s focus and spending in the Renewables space, as well as QualTek’s commitment to expanding its service offerings and customer base, specifically in its Recovery Logistics sub-segment.
Contract Overview
QualTek has numerous MSAs with blue chip customers that extend for periods of one or more years, with a majority for three or more years, some of which have automatic renewals, providing meaningful revenue visibility. Generally, the Company maintains multiple agreements with each customer as different geographies and scopes of work are individually priced. Pricing is generally based on a fixed price per unit basis with up to hundreds of units priced in a single contract. Many contracts specify discrete billing milestones for each job to be performed. As an agreed-upon milestone is achieved, QualTek may bill for the work performed. Purchase orders for discrete projects are generally issued under an MSA. This allows for quantity adjustments for the number of tasks/units that are performed with respect to a project. There are also other adjustments such as “rock adders” that accommodate changes in scope versus original engineering plans. As these adjustments are billed continuously throughout the job, they are known and often accepted by the customer as the work proceeds, substantially reducing QualTek’s risk of having cost overruns. MSAs have historically been renewed creating sticky revenue.
QualTek utilizes a disciplined approach when bidding on new contracts and will decline to bid if management believes QualTek cannot deliver the quality that meets Company standards while achieving return targets. The Company’s approach in submitting a bid that meets target returns is based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to its:

Experience in understanding the true scope of the work and associated margin

Knowledge of local factors (i.e. resources, regional dynamics, work conditions, etc.) that will impact work performed

Ability to simultaneously “lock-in” labor rates with contracts for the work to be performed on fixed price per unit basis (“back-to-back” agreements with contractors)

Pass-through nature of material purchases
Due to the Company’s turnkey capabilities and high standard for quality control, QualTek often receives requests from customers to bid on new contract opportunities.
Backlog
Our backlog consists of the estimated amount of revenue we expect to realize from future work on uncompleted contracts, including new contracts under which work has not begun, as well as revenue from
 
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change orders and renewal options. A significant portion of our 24-month backlog is attributable to MSAs and other service agreements, none of which require our customers to purchase a minimum amount of services and are cancelable on short or no advance notice. Backlog amounts are determined based on estimates that incorporate historical trends, anticipated seasonal impacts, experience from similar projects and estimates of customer demand based on communications with our customers.
QualTek maintains strong potential revenue visibility through its two-year estimated backlog. Consistent with standard practice across the industry, QualTek calculates its estimated backlog for work under MSAs and other service agreements (including issued purchase orders) based on historical trends, anticipated seasonal impacts, experience from similar projects and estimates of customer demand based on communications with our customers. We have a two-year aggregate backlog of $2.1 billion of which $2.0 billion relates to our Telecom segment and $0.1 billion relates to our Renewables & Recovery Logistics segment.
Backlog is not a measure defined by GAAP and should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, GAAP results. Participants in our industry often disclose a calculation of their backlog; however, our methodology for determining backlog may not be comparable to the methodologies used by others. There can be no assurance as to our customers’ requirements or if actual results will be consistent with the estimates included in our forecasts. As a result, our backlog as of any particular date is an uncertain indicator of future revenue and earnings.
For more information about QualTek, please see the sections entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of QualTek” and “Management.”
Risk Factor Summary
There are a number of risks related to our business and investing in our Class A Common Stock, warrants and 2027 Convertible Notes that you should consider before deciding to invest. You should carefully consider all the information presented in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in this prospectus. Some of the principal risks related to our business include the following:
Risks Related to the Company

Many of the industries the Company serves are highly competitive and subject to rapid technological and regulatory changes, as well as customer consolidation, any of which could result in decreased demand for the Company’s services and adversely affect its results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.

Unfavorable market conditions, market uncertainty, public health outbreaks such as the COVID-19 pandemic and/or economic downturns could reduce capital expenditures in the industries the Company serves or could adversely affect its customers, which could result in decreased demand or impair its customers’ ability to pay for the Company’s services.

The Company’s failure to properly manage projects, or project delays, could result in additional costs or claims or failure to achieve actual revenue or profits when anticipated or at all, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s operating results, cash flows and liquidity.

The Company’s failure to recover adequately on charges against project owners, subcontractors or suppliers for payment or performance could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial results.

The Company derives a significant portion of its revenue from a few customers, and the loss of one or more of these customers, or a reduction in their demand for the Company’s services, could impair the Company’s financial performance. In addition, many of the Company’s contracts, including its service agreements, do not obligate the Company’s customers to undertake any infrastructure projects or other work with the Company, and most of the Company’s contracts may be canceled on short or no advance notice.

Amounts included in the Company’s backlog may not result in actual revenue or translate into profits. The Company’s backlog is subject to cancellation and unexpected adjustments and is, therefore, an uncertain indicator of future operating results.
 
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The Company’s business is seasonal and affected by the spending patterns of the Company’s customers and timing of governmental permitting, as well as weather conditions and natural catastrophes, which exposes the Company to variations in quarterly results.

The Company relies on information, communications and data systems in its operations. System and information technology interruptions and/or data security breaches could adversely affect the Company’s ability to operate and its operating results or could result in harm to its reputation.

A failure to comply with environmental laws could result in significant liabilities or harm the Company’s reputation, and new environmental laws or regulations could adversely affect the Company’s business.

The Company has a significant amount of debt, which could adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations or could affect its ability to access capital markets in the future. In addition, the Company’s debt contains restrictive covenants that may prevent it from engaging in transactions that might benefit the Company.
Risk Related to the Class A Common Stock

The market price of the Class A Common Stock is likely to be highly volatile, and you may lose some or all of your investment.

The Company’s business and operations could be negatively affected if it becomes subject to any securities litigation or shareholder activism, which could cause the Company to incur significant expense, hinder execution of business and growth strategy and impact its stock price.

We are a “controlled company” within the meaning of the applicable rules of Nasdaq and, as a result, may qualify for exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements. To the extent we rely on such exemptions, our shareholders do not have the same protections afforded to stockholders of companies that are not controlled companies.

The Company is an emerging growth company within the meaning of the Securities Act, and the Company has taken advantage of certain exemptions from disclosure requirements available to emerging growth companies; this could make the Company’s securities less attractive to investors and may make it more difficult to compare the Company’s performance with other public companies.
Risks Related to Tax

Our only principal asset is our interest in QualTek HoldCo, and accordingly we will depend on distributions from QualTek HoldCo to pay dividends, taxes, other expenses, and make any payments required to be made under the Tax Receivable Agreement.

The Tax Receivable Agreement will require us to make cash payments to the TRA Holders in respect of certain tax benefits and such payments may be substantial. In certain cases, payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement may (i) exceed any actual tax benefits the Tax Group realizes or (ii) be accelerated.
Emerging Growth Company
The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, as amended (the “JOBS Act”). As an emerging growth company, the Company is eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies. These include, but are not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and the requirement to obtain stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.
In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of an extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards.
 
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The Company will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of (i) December 31, 2026 (the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the consummation of the ROCR IPO), (ii) the last day of the fiscal year in which the Company has total annual gross revenue of at least $1.07 billion, (iii) the last day of the fiscal year in which the Company is deemed to be a “large accelerated filer,” as defined in the Exchange Act, and (iv) the date on which the Company has issued more than $1.0 billion in nonconvertible debt during the prior three-year period.
Smaller Reporting Company
We are a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Item 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K. Smaller reporting companies may take advantage of certain reduced disclosure obligations, including, among other things, providing only two years of audited financial statements. We will remain a smaller reporting company until the last day of the fiscal year in which (i) the market value of our ordinary shares held by non-affiliates exceeds $250 million as of the last day of the second fiscal quarter of the prior fiscal year and our annual revenue exceeded $100 million during such completed fiscal year or (ii) the market value of our ordinary shares held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last day of the second fiscal quarter of the prior fiscal year.
 
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THE OFFERING
Issuer
QualTek Services Inc.
Shares of Class A Common Stock Offered by the Selling Stockholders
Up to 3,589,000 shares (including 306,000 shares issuable upon exercise of warrants held by the Selling Stockholders).
Warrants offered by the Selling Stockholders
306,000 warrants.
Shares of Class A Common Stock to be issued upon Conversion of the 2027 Convertible Notes
Up to 31,104,034 shares issuable upon the conversion of $124,685,000 in aggregate principal amount of outstanding 2027 Convertible Notes.
2027 Convertible Notes Offered by the Selling Noteholders
Up to $124,685,000 aggregate principal amount of 2027 Convertible Notes.
Outstanding Shares of Class A Common Stock
24,446,284 shares of Class A Common Stock (as of September 15, 2022).
Outstanding Shares of Class B Common Stock
26,663,575 shares of Class B Common Stock (as of September 15, 2022).
Outstanding Shares of Common Stock
51,109,859 shares of common stock (as of September 15, 2022).
Use of Proceeds
We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of Class A Common Stock by the Selling Securityholders. With respect to the shares of Class A Common Stock underlying the warrants, we will not receive any proceeds from such shares except with respect to amounts received by us upon exercise of such warrants to the extent such warrants are exercised for cash. We will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of the shares of Class A Common Stock or 2027 Convertible Notes by the Selling Noteholders. We intend to use any such proceeds for general corporate purposes.
Market for Class A Common Stock, warrants and 2027 Convertible Notes
Our Class A Common Stock and warrants are currently traded on Nasdaq under the symbols “QTEK” and “QTEKW,” respectively. The 2027 Convertible Notes will not be listed on any securities exchange.
Risk Factors
See “Risk Factors” and other information included in this prospectus for a discussion of factors you should consider before investing in our securities.
 
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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This prospectus contains forward-looking statements for purposes of the safe harbor provisions under the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements about the anticipated benefits of the Business Combination and the financial condition, results of operations, earnings outlook and prospects of QualTek. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words such as “plan,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “outlook,” “estimate,” “forecast,” “project,” “continue,” “could,” “may,” “might,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “should,” “would” and other similar words and expressions, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking.
The forward-looking statements are based on the current expectations of the management of the Company, as applicable and are inherently subject to uncertainties and changes in circumstances and their potential effects and speak only as of the date of such statement. There can be no assurance that future developments will be those that have been anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties or other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those discussed and identified in public filings made with the SEC by the Company and include, but are not limited to, the following:

expectations regarding the Company’s strategies and future financial performance, including its future business plans or objectives, prospective performance and opportunities and competitors, revenues, products and services, pricing, operating expenses, market trends, liquidity, cash flows and uses of cash, capital expenditures, and the Company’s ability to invest in growth initiatives and pursue acquisition opportunities;

our limited operating history as a combined company makes it difficult to evaluate our current business and future prospects;

our management team’s limited experience managing a public company;

the highly competitive industries that the Company serves, which are also subject to rapid technological and regulatory changes, as well as customer consolidation;

unfavorable market conditions, market uncertainty, public health outbreaks such as the COVID-19 pandemic and/or economic downturns;

failure to properly manage projects, or project delays;

failure to recover adequately on charges against project owners, subcontractors or suppliers for payment or performance;

the loss of one or more key customers, or a reduction in their demand for the Company’s services;

The Company’s backlog being subject to cancellation and unexpected adjustments;

the seasonality of the Company’s business, which is affected by the spending patterns of the Company’s customers and timing of governmental permitting, as well as weather conditions and natural catastrophes;

system and information technology interruptions and/or data security breaches;

failure to comply with environmental laws;

the Company’s significant amount of debt, which could adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations or could affect its ability to access capital markets in the future, and may prevent the Company from engaging in transactions that might benefit it due to its debt’s restrictive covenants; and

the Company’s status as a “controlled company” within the meaning of the Nasdaq rules and, as a result, qualifying for exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements, as a result of which you will not have the same protections afforded to stockholders of companies that are subject to such requirements.
 
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Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize or should any of the assumptions made by the management of the Company prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements.
All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements concerning the matters addressed in this prospectus and attributable to the Company or any person acting on their behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this prospectus. Except to the extent required by applicable law or regulation, the Company undertakes no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this prospectus to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.
In addition, statements that the Company “believes” and similar statements reflect the Company’s beliefs and opinions on the relevant subject. These statements are based upon information available to such party as of the date of this prospectus, and while the Company believes such information forms a reasonable basis for such statements, such information may be limited or incomplete, and these statements should not be read to indicate that the Company has conducted an exhaustive inquiry into, or review of, all potentially available relevant information. These statements are inherently uncertain and investors are cautioned not to unduly rely upon these statements.
 
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RISK FACTORS
You should carefully consider the following risk factors, together with all of the other information included in this prospectus. We may face additional risks and uncertainties that are not presently known to us, or that we currently deem immaterial. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes to the financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus. These risk factors are not exhaustive. You should carefully consider the following risk factors in addition to the other information included in this prospectus, including matters addressed in the section entitled “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.” QualTek may face additional risks and uncertainties that are not presently known to it, or that QualTek currently deems immaterial, which may also impair QualTek’s business or financial condition. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes to the financial statements included herein. Additional risks, beyond those summarized below, may apply to our activities or operations as currently conducted, or as we may conduct them in the future, or in the markets in which we operate or may in the future operate. Consistent with the foregoing, we are exposed to a variety of risks, including risks associated with:
Risks Related to the Industries We Serve
Changes to laws, governmental regulations and policies, including governmental permitting processes and tax incentives, could affect demand for our services. Additionally, demand for construction services depends on industry activity and expenditure levels, which can be affected by a variety of factors. Our inability or failure to adjust to such changes or activity could result in decreased demand for our services and adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
The industries we serve are subject to effects of governmental regulation, climate change initiatives and political or social activism, any of which could result in reduced demand for our services, delays in timing of construction of projects or cancellations of current or planned future projects. Many of our customers face stringent regulatory and environmental requirements and permitting processes, including governmental regulations and policies. Most of our communications customers are regulated by the FCC, and our utility customers are regulated by state public utility commissions. These agencies or governments could change their interpretation of current regulations and/or may impose additional regulations, which could have an adverse effect on our customers, reduce demand for our services and adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity. We build renewable energy infrastructure, including wind, solar and other renewable energy facilities, for which the development may be partially dependent upon federal tax credits, existing renewable portfolio standards and other tax or state incentives. Elimination of, or changes to, existing renewable portfolio standards, tax incentives or similar environmental policies could negatively affect demand for our services.
All of the above factors could result in fewer projects than anticipated or a delay in the timing of construction of these projects and the related infrastructure, which could negatively affect demand for our services, and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
Many of the industries we serve are highly competitive and subject to rapid technological and regulatory changes, as well as customer consolidation, any of which could result in decreased demand for our services and adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
Our industry is highly fragmented, and we compete with other companies in most of the markets in which we operate, ranging from small independent firms servicing local markets to larger firms servicing regional and national markets. We also face competition from existing and prospective customers that employ in-house personnel to perform some of the services we provide. There are relatively few barriers to entry into certain of the markets in which we operate and, as a result, any organization that has adequate financial resources and access to technical expertise and skilled personnel may become a competitor. Most of our customers’ work is awarded through bid processes, and our project bids may not be successful. Our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity could be materially and adversely affected if we are unsuccessful in bidding for projects or renewing our master service agreements, or if our ability to win such projects or agreements requires that we accept lower margins.
 
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We derive a substantial portion of our revenue from customers in industries that are subject to rapid changes in technology, governmental regulation, changing consumer demands and consolidation, such as the telecommunications industry. Technological advances in the markets we serve could render existing projects or technologies uncompetitive or obsolete and/or could alter our customers’ existing operating models.
Our failure to rapidly adopt and master new technologies as they are developed or adapt to changing customer requirements could reduce demand for our services. Additionally, consolidation among our customers could result in the loss of customer revenue or could negatively affect customer demand for the services we provide and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
Unfavorable market conditions, market uncertainty, public health outbreaks such as the COVID-19 pandemic and/or economic downturns could reduce capital expenditures in the industries we serve or could adversely affect our customers, which could result in decreased demand or impair our customers’ ability to pay for our services.
Demand for our services has been, and will likely continue to be, cyclical in nature and vulnerable to general downturns in the U.S. economy. Unfavorable market conditions, market uncertainty, public health outbreaks such as the COVID-19 pandemic and/or economic downturns could have a negative effect on demand for our customers’ services or the profitability of their services. We continually monitor our customers’ industries and their relative health compared to the economy as a whole. Our customers may not have the ability to fund capital expenditures for infrastructure or may have difficulty obtaining financing for planned projects during economic downturns. Uncertain or adverse economic conditions or the lack of availability of debt or equity financing for our customers could reduce their capital spending and/or result in project cancellations or deferrals. Any of these conditions could materially and adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity, and could add uncertainty to our backlog determinations. Other economic factors can also negatively affect demand for our services, including economic downturns affecting our communications and customer fulfillment customers, if services are ordered at a reduced rate, or not at all. A decrease in demand for the services we provide from any of the above factors, among others, could materially and adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
An impairment of the financial condition of one or more of our customers due to economic downturns, or due to the potential adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on economic activity, could hinder their ability to pay us on a timely basis. In difficult economic times, some of our clients may find it difficult to pay for our services on a timely basis, increasing the risk that our accounts receivable could become uncollectible and ultimately be written off. In certain cases, our clients are project-specific entities that do not have significant assets other than their interests in the project. From time to time, it may be difficult for us to collect payments owed to us by these clients. Delays in client payments may require us to make a working capital investment, which could negatively affect our cash flows and liquidity. Our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity could be materially and adversely affected if a client fails to pay us on a timely basis or defaults in making payments on a project for which we have devoted significant resources.
Risks Related to Our Business and Operations
Our failure to properly manage projects, or project delays, including those resulting from difficult work sites and environments or delays, could result in additional costs or claims or failure to achieve actual revenue or profits when anticipated or at all, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, cash flows and liquidity.
Certain of our engagements involve large-scale, complex projects that may occur over extended time periods. The quality of our performance on such a project depends in large part upon our ability to manage our client relationship and the project itself, such as the timely deployment of appropriate resources, including third-party contractors and our own personnel. Our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity could be adversely affected if we miscalculate the resources or time needed to complete a project with capped or fixed fees, or the resources or time needed to meet contractual milestones.
We perform work under a variety of conditions, including, but not limited to, challenging and hard to reach terrain and difficult site conditions. Performing work under such conditions can result in project delays or cancellations, potentially causing us to incur unanticipated costs, reductions in revenue or the payment of liquidated damages. In addition, some of our agreements require that we assume the risk should actual site
 
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conditions vary from those expected. Some of our projects involve challenging engineering, procurement and construction phases, which may occur over extended time periods. We may encounter difficulties in engineering, delays in designs or materials provided by the customer or a third party, equipment and material delivery delays, permitting delays, schedule changes, delays from customer failure to timely obtain rights‑of‑way, weather-related delays, delays by subcontractors in completing their portion of projects and governmental, market and political or other factors, some of which are beyond our control and could affect our ability to complete a project as originally scheduled. For instance, in the second half of 2021, we experienced delays in certain 5G rollout projects, including equipment delays, which are expected to delay or reduce our anticipated revenue or profits from these projects. In some cases, delays and additional costs may be substantial, and/or we may be required to cancel or defer a project and/or compensate the customer for the delay. We may not be able to recover any of such costs. Any such delays, cancellations, errors or other failures to meet customer expectations could result in damage claims substantially in excess of the revenue associated with a project. Delays or cancellations could result in additional costs or claims or failure to achieve actual revenue or profits when anticipated or at all, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, cash flows and liquidity, and could also negatively affect our reputation or relationships with our customers, which could adversely affect our ability to secure new contracts.
We could also encounter project delays due to local opposition, including political and social activism, which could include injunctive actions or public protests related to the siting of our projects, and such delays could adversely affect our project margins. In addition, some of our agreements require that we pay liquidated damages or other charges if we do not meet project deadlines; therefore, any failure to properly estimate or manage cost, or delays in the completion of projects, could subject us to penalties, which could adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity. Further, any defects or errors, or failures to meet our customers’ expectations, could result in large damage claims against us. Due to the substantial cost of, and potentially long lead-times necessary to acquire certain of the materials and equipment used in our complex projects, damage claims could substantially exceed the amount we can charge for our associated services.
Our failure to recover adequately on charges against project owners, subcontractors or suppliers for payment or performance could have a material adverse effect on our financial results.
We occasionally seek reimbursement from project owners for additional costs that exceed the contract price or for amounts not included in the original contract price. Similarly, we present change orders and charges to our subcontractors and suppliers. We could incur reduced profits, cost overruns or project losses if we fail to properly document the nature of change orders or charges or are otherwise unsuccessful in negotiating an expected settlement. These types of charges can often occur due to matters such as owner-caused delays or changes from the initial project scope, which result in additional costs, both direct and indirect, or from project or contract terminations. From time to time, these charges can be the subject of lengthy and costly proceedings, and it is often difficult to accurately predict when these charges will be fully resolved. When these types of events occur and unresolved charges are pending, we may invest significant working capital in projects to cover cost overruns pending the resolution of the relevant charges. A failure to promptly recover on these types of charges could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity and financial results.
Additionally, we generally warrant the work we perform following substantial completion of a project. Warranty claims have historically not been material, but such claims could potentially increase. The costs associated with such warranties, including any warranty-related legal proceedings, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
We may not accurately estimate the costs associated with services provided under fixed price contracts, which could impair our financial performance. Additionally, we recognize revenue for certain projects using the cost-to-cost method of accounting; therefore, variations of actual results from our assumptions could reduce our profitability.
We derive a significant portion of our revenue from fixed price master service agreements and other agreements. Under these contracts, we typically set the price of our services on a per unit or aggregate basis and assume the risk that costs associated with our performance may be greater than what we estimated.
 
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We also enter into contracts for specific projects or jobs that require the installation or construction of an entire infrastructure system or specified units within an infrastructure system, many of which are priced on a fixed price or per unit basis. Our profitability will be reduced if actual costs to complete a project exceed our original estimates. Our profitability is therefore dependent upon our ability to accurately estimate the costs associated with our services and our ability to execute in accordance with our plans. A variety of factors could negatively affect these estimates, including delays resulting from weather and the COVID-19 pandemic, changes in expected productivity levels, conditions at work sites differing materially from those anticipated at the time we bid on the contract and higher than expected costs of labor and/or materials. These variations, along with other risks inherent in performing fixed price contracts, could cause actual project results to differ materially from our original estimates, which could result in lower margins than anticipated, or losses, which could reduce our profitability, cash flows and liquidity.
In addition, we recognize revenue from fixed price contracts, as well as for certain projects pursuant to master and other service agreements, over time utilizing the cost-to-cost measure of progress, or the “cost-to-cost” method of accounting, under which the percentage of revenue to be recognized in a given period is measured by the percentage of costs incurred to date on the contract to the total estimated costs for the contract. The cost-to-cost method, therefore, relies on estimates of total expected contract costs. Contract revenue and total contract cost estimates are reviewed and revised on an ongoing basis as the work progresses. Adjustments arising from changes in the estimates of contract revenue or costs are reflected in the fiscal period in which such estimates are revised. Estimates are based on management’s reasonable assumptions, judgment and experience, but are subject to the risks inherent in estimates, including unanticipated delays or technical complications, changes in job performance, job conditions and management’s assessment of expected variable consideration. Variances in actual results from related estimates on a large project, or on several smaller projects, could be material. The full amount of an estimated loss on a contract is recognized in the period such losses are determined. Any such adjustments could result in reduced profitability and negatively affect our results of operations.
We derive a significant portion of our revenue from a few customers, and the loss of one or more of these customers, or a reduction in their demand for our services, could impair our financial performance. In addition, many of our contracts, including our service agreements, do not obligate our customers to undertake any infrastructure projects or other work with us, and most of our contracts may be canceled on short or no advance notice.
Our business is concentrated among relatively few customers, and a substantial portion of our services are provided on a non-recurring, project-by-project basis. Our revenue could significantly decline if we were to lose one or more of our significant customers, or if one or more of our customers reduce the amount of business they provide to us. For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, our top two customers accounted for approximately 41% and 13% of our total revenues, respectively. In addition, our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity could be negatively affected if we complete the required work on non-recurring projects and cannot replace them with similar projects. See Note 6 — Accounts Receivable, Net of Allowance, Contract Assets and Liabilities, and Customer Credit Concentration, in the notes to our audited consolidated financial statements included herein for revenue concentration information.
We derive a significant portion of our revenue from multi-year master service agreements and other agreements. Under these agreements, our customers have no obligation to undertake any infrastructure projects or other work with us. In addition, most of our contracts are cancelable on short or no advance notice. This makes it difficult to estimate our customers’ demand for our services. A significant decline in the volume of work our customers request us to perform under these service agreements could negatively affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
Some of our contracts, including our service agreements, are periodically open to public bid. We may not be the successful bidder on existing contracts that are re-bid. We could experience a reduction in revenue, profitability and liquidity if we fail to win a significant number of existing contracts upon re-bid, or, for services that are provided on a non-recurring basis, if we complete the required work under a significant number of projects and cannot replace them with similar projects. Additionally, from time to time, we enter into contracts that contain financing or other conditions that must be satisfied before we can begin work. Certain of these contracts may not result in revenue or profits if our customers are unable to obtain financing or to satisfy other conditions associated with such projects.
 
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Amounts included in our backlog may not result in actual revenue or translate into profits. Our backlog is subject to cancellation and unexpected adjustments and is, therefore, an uncertain indicator of future operating results.
Our backlog consists of the estimated amount of revenue we expect to realize from future work on uncompleted contracts, including new contracts under which work has not begun, as well as revenue from change orders and renewal options. A significant portion of our 24-month backlog is attributable to master service agreements and other agreements, none of which require our customers to purchase a minimum amount of services and are cancelable on short or no advance notice. The balance of our backlog is our estimate of work to be completed under contracts for specific projects. Backlog amounts are determined based on estimates that incorporate historical trends, anticipated seasonal impacts, experience from similar projects and estimates of customer demand based on communications with our customers. These estimates may prove inaccurate, which could cause estimated revenue to be realized in periods later than originally expected, or not at all. In the past, we have experienced postponements, cancellations and reductions in expected future work due to changes in our customers’ spending plans, market volatility, regulatory delays and/or other factors. There can be no assurance as to our customers’ requirements or that actual results will be consistent with the estimates included in our forecasts. As a result, our backlog as of any particular date is an uncertain indicator of future revenue and earnings. In addition, contracts included in our backlog may not be profitable. If our backlog fails to materialize, our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity would be materially and adversely affected.
Our business and operations, and the operations of our customers, may be adversely affected by epidemics or pandemics such as the COVID-19 pandemic.
We may face risks related to health epidemics and pandemics or other outbreaks of communicable diseases. The global spread of COVID-19 has created significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption, including significant volatility in the U.S. economy and financial markets. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic could affect our business, operations and financial results will depend on numerous evolving factors that we may not be able to accurately predict, including the duration and scope of the pandemic and new information that may emerge concerning the severity and effect of COVID-19, the continued emergence of new strains of COVID-19, the development and availability of effective treatments and vaccines and the speed with which they are administered to the public. Additional factors include governmental and business actions that have been and continue to be taken in response to the pandemic, including mitigation efforts such as “stay-at-home,” “shelter-in-place,” social distancing, travel restrictions and other similar orders, as well as the impact of the pandemic on the U.S. economy, global economic and market activity and actions taken in response, including from governmental stimulus efforts.
A public health epidemic or pandemic, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, poses the risk that we or our employees, customers and/or business partners may be prevented from conducting ordinary course business activities for an indefinite period of time, including due to shutdowns or cancellations that have been, and may continue to be, mandated or requested by governmental authorities or others, or that the pandemic may otherwise interrupt or affect business activities. While our business model has, thus far, proven resilient, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative effect on our operations, and we expect this to continue until the systemic effects that COVID-19 has had on labor, materials, supply chains, governmental response time, among others, return to pre-COVID levels. It is currently unclear how long an economic recovery could take, and we cannot predict the extent or duration of potential negative effects on our operations. We have adjusted standard operating procedures within our business operations to ensure continued employee and customer safety and are continually monitoring evolving health guidelines as well as market conditions and responding to changes as appropriate. We cannot be certain, however, that these efforts will prevent further disruption due to effects of the pandemic on business and market conditions. Additionally, we could be exposed to increased risks and costs associated with workplace health claims. To comply with health guidelines implemented to control the spread of COVID-19, we have incorporated work-at-home programs as appropriate for our administrative offices and, despite our implementation of information technology security measures, there is no guarantee that the data security and privacy safeguards we have put in place will be completely effective or that we will not encounter some of the common risks associated with employees accessing company data and systems remotely.
 
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Disruptions in global economic activity as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic have had, and may continue to have, adverse effects across our end markets. Unfavorable market conditions and market uncertainty due to the COVID-19 pandemic could have a negative effect on demand for our customers’ services and/or the profitability of services. Our customers may not have the ability to fund capital expenditures for infrastructure, or may have difficulty obtaining financing for planned projects, which could reduce their capital spending and/or result in reduced demand for our services and/or delays or cancellations of current or planned future projects. Delay in the receipt of regulatory approvals due to pandemic-related disruptions could also affect project timing and activity levels. We could also incur incremental costs to operate in the current environment or experience lower levels of overhead absorption from a reduction in revenue, both of which could negatively affect our margins and profitability. Additionally, the economic and market disruptions resulting from COVID-19 could also lead to greater than normal uncertainty with respect to the realization of estimated amounts, including our estimates for backlog, revenue recognition, recoverability of goodwill, intangible assets and other investments and our provisions for credit losses.
Our customers could seek to delay payments to us as a result of the pandemic’s financial effects on them, which could negatively affect our cash flows and liquidity. The COVID-19 pandemic or any other future pandemics could also precipitate or aggravate other risk factors presented in this prospectus, which in turn could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The ultimate extent, duration and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is uncertain. The effects of COVID-19 have been and could continue to be significant, and we cannot predict or quantify with any certainty the extent to which it could adversely affect our future financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, cash flows or the market price of our Class A Common Stock.
We maintain a workforce based upon current and anticipated workloads. We could incur significant costs and reduced profitability from underutilization of our workforce if there is a significant reduction in the level of services we provide or if contract awards are delayed or not received.
Our estimates of future performance and results of operations depend, among other factors, on whether and when we receive new contract awards, which affect the extent to which we are able to utilize our workforce. The rate at which we utilize our workforce is affected by a variety of factors, including our ability to forecast the need for our services, which allows us to maintain an appropriately sized workforce, our ability to transition employees from completed projects to new projects, our ability to manage attrition and our need to devote resources to non-chargeable activities such as training or business development. While our estimates are based upon our good faith judgment, professional knowledge and experience, these estimates may not be accurate and can frequently change based on newly available information. In the case of large-scale projects where timing is often uncertain, it is particularly difficult to predict whether and when we will receive a contract award. The uncertainty of contract award timing can present difficulties in matching our workforce size to our project needs. If an expected contract award is delayed or not received, we could incur costs resulting from underutilization of our workforce, redundancy of facilities, or from efforts to right-size our workforce and/or operations, which could reduce our profitability and cash flows.
Our financial results are based, in part, upon estimates and assumptions that may differ from actual results. In addition, changes in accounting principles may cause unexpected fluctuations in our reported financial information.
In preparing our consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP, management makes a number of estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. These estimates and assumptions must be made because certain information used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements is either dependent on future events or cannot be calculated with a high degree of precision from data available. In some cases, these estimates are particularly uncertain and we must exercise significant judgment. See Note 1 — Nature of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the notes to the audited consolidated financial statements included herein for details of key estimates. Actual results could differ materially from the estimates and assumptions that we use, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
 
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In addition, accounting rules and regulations are subject to review and interpretation by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”), the SEC and various other governing bodies. A change in GAAP could have a material effect on our reported financial results, and the adoption of new or revised accounting principles could require that we make significant changes to our systems, processes and controls, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
Our business is subject to operational risk, including from operational and physical hazards that could result in substantial liabilities and weaken our financial condition.
Our business is subject to operational hazards due to the nature of services we provide and the conditions in which we operate, including electricity, fires, explosions, mechanical failures and weather-related incidents. While we invest substantial resources in occupational health and safety programs, there can be no assurance that we will be able to mitigate all such hazards or avoid significant liability. Construction and electrical projects undertaken by us expose our employees to electrical lines, heavy equipment, transportation accidents, adverse weather conditions and the risk of damage to equipment and property. These risks and hazards, among others, can cause personal injuries and loss of life, severe damage to or destruction of property and equipment and other consequential damages and could lead to suspension of operations, large damage claims which could, in some cases, substantially exceed the amount we charge for the associated services, government enforcement actions or regulatory penalties, civil litigation or criminal prosecution. Personal injury claims for damages, including for bodily injury or loss of life, could result in substantial costs and liabilities, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. In addition, if serious accidents or fatalities occur, or if our safety records were to deteriorate, we may be restricted from bidding on certain work or obtaining new contracts, and certain existing contracts could be terminated. Our safety processes and procedures are monitored by various agencies and ratings bureaus. The occurrence of accidents in the course of our business could result in significant liabilities, employee turnover, an increase in insurance costs or an increase in the costs of our projects or harm our ability to perform under our contracts or enter into new customer contracts, all of which could materially adversely affect our revenue, profitability and liquidity.
Our business is seasonal and affected by the spending patterns of our customers and timing of governmental permitting, as well as weather conditions and natural catastrophes, which exposes us to variations in quarterly results.
Some of our customers reduce their expenditures and work order requests towards the end of the calendar year. In addition, adverse weather conditions, particularly during the winter season, can affect our ability to perform outdoor services in certain regions. As a result, we generally experience reduced revenue in the first and fourth quarters of each calendar year. Natural catastrophes such as hurricanes or other severe weather, wildfires or flooding could affect our ability to perform outdoor services or utilize equipment and crews in affected regions. For instance, in the second quarter of 2021, we experienced delays in certain renewables and recovery logistics projects in Texas because of heavy rains, which reduced our revenue and profits from these projects. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and changes in governmental permitting could also result in greater seasonal and cyclical volatility than would otherwise exist under normal conditions. These events, as well as other global and/or economic effects, could adversely affect demand for our services and our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
In the ordinary course of our business, we may become subject to lawsuits, indemnity or other claims, which could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and cash flows.
From time to time, we are subject to various claims, lawsuits and other legal proceedings brought or threatened against us in the ordinary course of our business. These actions and proceedings may seek, among other things, compensation for alleged personal injury, workers’ compensation, employment discrimination and other employment-related damages, breach of contract, intellectual property violations, property damage, environmental liabilities, liquidated damages, consequential damages, punitive damages and civil penalties or other losses, or injunctive or declaratory relief. We may also be subject to litigation in the normal course of business involving allegations of violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act, Fair Credit Reporting Act and state wage and hour laws, misclassification of independent contractors, and determination of the Company as a joint employer of subcontractor employees. In addition, we generally indemnify our
 
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customers for claims related to the services we provide and actions we take under our contracts, and, in some instances, we may be allocated risk through our contract terms for actions by our customers or other third parties.
Claimants may seek large damage awards and defending claims can involve significant costs. When appropriate, we establish accruals for litigation and contingencies that we believe to be adequate in light of current information, legal advice and our indemnity insurance coverages. We reassess our potential liability for litigation and contingencies as additional information becomes available and adjust our accruals as necessary. We could experience a reduction in our profitability and liquidity if we do not properly estimate the amount of required accruals for litigation or contingencies, or if our insurance coverage proves to be inadequate or becomes unavailable, or if our claim liabilities (including those attributable to insurance deductibles) are higher than expected. The outcome of litigation is difficult to assess or quantify, as plaintiffs may seek recovery of very large or indeterminate amounts and the magnitude of the potential loss may remain unknown for substantial periods of time. Furthermore, because litigation is inherently uncertain, the ultimate resolution of any such claim, lawsuit or proceeding through settlement, mediation or court judgment could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. In addition, claims, lawsuits and proceedings may harm our reputation or divert management’s attention from our business or divert resources away from operating our business and cause us to incur significant expenses, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.
We rely on information, communications and data systems in our operations. System and information technology interruptions and/or data security breaches could adversely affect our ability to operate and our operating results or could result in harm to our reputation.
We rely on information and communications technology, computer and other related systems in order to operate. We also rely, in part, on third-party software and information technology to run certain of our critical accounting, project management and financial information systems. From time to time, we experience system interruptions and delays. Our operations could be interrupted or delayed, or our data security could be breached, if we are unable to deploy software and hardware, gain access to, or effectively maintain and upgrade, our systems and network infrastructure and/or take other steps to improve and otherwise protect our systems. In addition, our information technology and communications systems, including those associated with acquired businesses, and our operations could be damaged or interrupted by cyber-attacks and/or physical security risks. These risks include natural disasters, power loss, telecommunication failures, intentional or inadvertent user misuse or error, failures of information technology solutions, computer viruses, phishing attacks, social engineering schemes, malicious code, ransomware attacks, acts of terrorism and physical or electronic security breaches, including breaches by computer hackers, cyber-terrorists and/or unauthorized access to or disclosure of our and/or our employees’ or customers’ data. Furthermore, such unauthorized access, cyber-attacks or data security breaches could go unnoticed for some period of time.
These events, among others, could cause system interruptions, delays and/or the loss or release of critical or sensitive data, including the unintentional disclosure of our and/or our employees’ or customers’ data, and could delay or prevent operations, including the processing of transactions and reporting of financial results or cause processing inefficiency or downtime, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition and could harm our reputation and/or result in significant costs, fines or litigation. Similar risks could affect our customers, subcontractors, suppliers or other third-party providers, indirectly affecting us.
While we have security, internal control and technology measures in place to protect our systems and network, if these measures fail as a result of a cyber-attack, other third-party action, employee error, malfeasance or other security breach or failure, and someone obtains unauthorized access to our and/or our employees’ or customers’ data, our reputation could be damaged, our business may suffer and we could incur significant liability, or, in some cases, we may lose access to our business data. In the ordinary course of business, we have been targeted by malicious cyber-attacks, although our systems have been sufficiently resilient to prevent material disruption of our operations; however, because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or sabotage systems change frequently and generally are not identified until they are
 
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launched against a target, our current or future defenses may not be adequate to protect against new or revised techniques. As a result, we may be required to expend significant resources to protect against the threat of system disruptions and security breaches or to investigate and mitigate problems caused by these disruptions and breaches. Any of these events could damage our reputation and have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Furthermore, while we maintain insurance policies that we consider to be adequate, our coverage may not specifically cover all types of losses or claims that may arise.
In addition, the unauthorized disclosure of confidential information and current and future laws and regulations governing data privacy may pose complex compliance challenges and/or result in additional costs. Failure to comply with such laws and regulations could result in penalties, fines and/or legal liabilities and/or harm our reputation. The continuing and evolving threat of cyber-attacks has also resulted in increased regulatory focus on risk management and prevention. New data privacy-related regulations or other requirements could require significant additional resources and/or cause us to incur significant costs, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows.
We regularly evaluate the need to upgrade, enhance and/or replace our systems and network infrastructure to protect our information technology environment, to stay current on vendor-supported products and to improve the efficiency and scope of our systems and information technology capabilities. The implementation of new systems and information technology could adversely impact our operations by requiring substantial capital expenditures, diverting management’s attention, and/or causing delays or difficulties in transitioning to new systems. In addition, our system implementations may not result in productivity improvements at the levels anticipated. System implementation and/or any other information technology disruptions, if not anticipated and appropriately mitigated, could have an adverse effect on our business and remediation of any such disruptions could result in significant costs.
Our subcontractors and suppliers may fail, or be unable to, satisfy their obligations to us or other parties, or we may be unable to maintain these relationships, either of which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
We depend on subcontractors to perform work for some of our projects. There is a risk that we could have disputes with subcontractors arising from, among other things, the quality and timeliness of the work they perform, customer concerns or our failure to extend existing work orders or issue new work orders under a subcontracting arrangement. Our ability to fulfill our obligations as a prime contractor could be jeopardized if any of our subcontractors fail to perform the agreed-upon services on a timely basis and/or deliver the agreed-upon supplies. In addition, the absence of qualified subcontractors with whom we have satisfactory relationships could adversely affect our ability to perform under some of our contracts, or the quality of the services we provide. Additionally, in some cases, we pay our subcontractors before our customers pay us for the related services. We could experience a material decrease in profitability and liquidity if we pay our subcontractors for work performed for customers that fail to or delay paying us for the related work. Any of these factors could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
We also rely on suppliers, equipment manufacturers and lessors to obtain or provide the materials and equipment we require to conduct our operations. Any substantial limitation on the availability of suppliers or equipment, including from economic, regulatory or market conditions, could negatively affect our operations. Our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity could be adversely affected if we were unable to acquire sufficient materials or equipment to conduct our operations.
We may have additional tax liabilities associated with our domestic and former international operations.
We are subject to income taxes in the United States. Management must exercise significant judgment in determining our provision for income taxes due to lack of clear and concise tax laws and regulations in certain jurisdictions. Tax laws are dynamic and subject to change as new laws are passed and new interpretations of laws are issued or applied, and such changes could materially affect our tax provisions. The federal government signed various relief measures into law in 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act, which provides various tax relief and incentive measures, including provisions permitting the deferral and/or reduction of certain federal and payroll tax
 
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amounts. We have pursued certain of these relief provisions, which permit certain deferred employer taxes to be repaid in future years. Our interpretations of these provisions could differ from those of the U.S. Treasury Department or the Internal Revenue Service. The foregoing items, as well as any other future changes in tax laws, could have a material adverse effect on our business, cash flow, financial condition, or results of operations.
In addition, we are subject to audit by various U.S. and foreign tax authorities in the ordinary course of our business, and upon audit there are many transactions and calculations for which the ultimate tax determination may be uncertain. In the event of an audit, the final outcome of income tax examinations could be materially different from our expectations and the estimates that are reflected in our consolidated financial statements, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
We could incur goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges, which could harm our profitability.
We have significant amounts of goodwill and intangible assets. We periodically review the carrying values of goodwill and intangible assets to determine whether such carrying values exceed their fair market values. Declines in the profitability of individual reporting units due to economic or market conditions or otherwise, as well as adverse changes in financial, competitive and other conditions, including declines in the operating performance of our reporting units or other adverse changes in the key valuation assumptions contributing to the estimated fair value of our reporting units, could adversely affect the estimated fair values of the related reporting units, which could result in an impairment of the recorded balances of goodwill or intangible assets. See Note 7 — Goodwill and Intangible Assets in the notes to our audited consolidated financial statements included herein for additional details.
We have liability claims exposure due to high deductible insurance and potential uninsured claims.
We maintain insurance policies with respect to automobile liability, general liability, employer’s liability, workers’ compensation and other types of coverage. These policies are subject to high deductibles or self-insured retention amounts. We are effectively self-insured for substantially all claims because most claims against us do not exceed the deductibles or the self-insured retention amounts under our insurance policies and there can be no assurance that our insurance coverages will be sufficient or effective under all circumstances, or against all claims or liabilities to which we may be subject, which could expose us to significant liabilities and materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. In addition, insurance liabilities are difficult to assess and estimate due to many factors, the effects of which are often unknown or difficult to estimate, including the severity of an injury, the determination of our liability in proportion to other parties’ liability, the number of incidents not reported and the effectiveness of our safety programs. If our insurance costs exceed our estimates of insurance liabilities, or if our insurance claims increase, or if our insurance coverage proves to be inadequate or becomes unavailable, we could experience increased exposure to risk and/or a decline in profitability and liquidity.
If we are unable to attract and retain qualified managers and skilled employees, we will be unable to operate efficiently, which could reduce our revenue, profitability and liquidity.
Our business is labor intensive, and some of our operations experience a high rate of employee turnover. In addition, given the nature of the highly specialized work we perform, many of our employees are trained in, and possess, specialized technical skills that are necessary to efficiently operate our business and maintain productivity and profitability. At times of low unemployment, it can be difficult for us to find appropriately skilled and qualified personnel at affordable rates. We may be unable to hire and retain a sufficiently skilled labor force to support our operating requirements and growth strategy. Our labor and training expenses could increase as a result of a shortage in the supply of skilled personnel, which could adversely affect our profitability. We cannot be certain that we will be able to maintain and ensure the productivity of the skilled labor force necessary to operate our business. Our ability to do so depends on a number of factors, such as the general rate of employment, competition for employees possessing the skills we need, the general health and welfare of our employees, which has been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, and the level of compensation required to hire, train and retain qualified employees. Additionally, our business is managed by a number of key executive and operational officers, many of whom have
 
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extensive industry experience, and is dependent upon retaining and recruiting qualified management to execute our business strategy. Labor shortages, increased labor or training costs or the loss of key personnel could materially adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
Our Recovery Logistics business is subject to a number of risks that may impact our business, liquidity, cash flows and results of operations.
Our Recovery Logistics business provides recovery and restoration services for our energy and telecommunications customers. The majority of its revenue is earned through support of the restoration efforts of our customers affected by storms and other disasters. The timing, duration and severity of these events is uncertain and difficult to predict. In addition, much of these services are provided by third parties which may be difficult or costly to mobilize in the event of unexpected demand for services. Customers may also rely on their employees to provide these services, which reduces demand for our services. We do not control such factors and, as a result, our revenue and income can vary from quarter to quarter, and past financial results for certain quarters may not be a reliable indicator of future results for comparable quarters in subsequent years.
We may be impacted by unionization or attempts to unionize by our workforce.
Our personnel may attempt, successfully or unsuccessfully, to form one or more unions. The outcome of any election process is uncertain. Further disruptions to or organizing efforts within our workforce could negatively impact our business, result in adverse publicity, and lead to delays in project completion. Additionally, any action against us relating to any unionized workforce could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, cash flows and results of operations.
Risks Related to Regulation and Compliance
Our operations could affect the environment or cause exposure to hazardous substances. In addition, our properties could have environmental contamination, which could result in material liabilities.
Our operations are subject to various environmental laws and regulations, including those dealing with the handling and disposal of waste products, polychlorinated biphenyls, air quality, transportation of hazardous materials and the protection of endangered species. Certain of our current and historical construction operations have used hazardous materials and, to the extent that such materials are not properly stored, contained or recycled, they could become hazardous waste. Additionally, some of our contracts require that we assume the environmental risk of site conditions and require that we indemnify our customers for any damages, including environmental damages, incurred in connection with our projects. We may be subject to claims under various environmental laws and regulations, federal and state statutes and / or common law doctrines for toxic torts and other damages, as well as for natural resource damages and the investigation and clean-up of soil, surface water, groundwater and other media under laws such as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act. Such claims may arise, for example, out of current or former conditions at project sites, current or former properties owned or leased by us or contaminated sites that have always been owned or operated by third parties. Liability may be imposed without regard to fault and may be strict and joint and several, such that we may be held responsible for more than our share of any contamination or other damages, or even for the entire share, and we may be unable to obtain reimbursement from the parties that caused the contamination. The obligations, liabilities, fines and costs or reputational harm associated with these and other events could be material and could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
We perform work in underground environments, which could affect the environment. A failure to comply with environmental laws could result in significant liabilities or harm our reputation, and new environmental laws or regulations could adversely affect our business.
Some of the work we perform is in underground environments. If the field location maps supplied to us are not accurate, or if objects are present in the soil that are not indicated on the field location maps, our underground work could strike objects in the soil containing pollutants and result in a rupture and discharge of pollutants. In such a case, we could incur significant costs, including clean-up costs, and we
 
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may be liable for significant fines and damages and could suffer reputational harm. Additionally, we sometimes perform directional drilling operations below certain environmentally sensitive terrains and water bodies.
Due to the inconsistent nature of terrain and water bodies, it is possible that such directional drilling could cause a surface fracture releasing subsurface materials or drilling fluid. These releases alone or, in combination with releases that may contain contaminants in excess of amounts permitted by law, could potentially expose us to significant clean up and remediation costs, damages, fines and reputational harm, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
New environmental laws and regulations, stricter enforcement of existing laws and regulations, the discovery of previously unknown contamination or leaks or the imposition of new clean-up requirements could require us to incur significant costs or result in new or increased liabilities that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity. We may incur work stoppages to avoid violating these laws and regulations, or we may risk fines or other sanctions if we inadvertently violate these laws and regulations, which could adversely affect our business.
We are subject to risks associated with climate change.
In recent years, there has been an increased focus on climate change, greenhouse gas and other emissions and other potential damage to the environment caused by human activities. The potential effects of climate change on our operations is highly uncertain. Climate change may result in, among other things, an increase in extreme weather events, such as floods, hurricanes, wildfires, rising sea levels and limitations on water availability and quality. Extreme weather conditions could limit the availability of resources or increase the costs of our projects, or could cause projects to be delayed or canceled. Our operating results are significantly influenced by weather. Therefore, major changes in weather patterns could have a significant effect on our future operating results. We could experience project cancellations, reduced demand or reduced productivity if climate change results in a significant increase in adverse weather conditions in a given period, which could negatively affect our revenue and profitability.
Climate change could also affect our customers and the projects they award. Concerns about climate change could result in potential new regulations, regulatory actions or requirements to fund energy efficiency activities, any of which could negatively affect our customers, decrease the projects they award and decrease demand for our services, including for power projects and other projects, or result in increased costs associated with our operations. Legislative and/or regulatory responses related to climate change could also affect the availability of goods, increase our costs or otherwise negatively affect our operations.
There are significant environmental regulations and policies under consideration or reconsideration to encourage the use of clean energy technologies and regulate emissions of greenhouse gases to address climate change. For example, in February 2021, the United States reentered the 2015 Paris Agreement. We cannot predict future changes to environmental regulations and policies, nor can we predict the effects that any conceivable changes would have on our business. The establishment of rules limiting greenhouse gas emissions could affect customer demand as well as our ability to perform construction services or to perform these services at current levels of profitability. For example, if new regulations were adopted regulating greenhouse gas emissions from sources such as cars and trucks, we could experience a significant increase in environmental compliance costs in light of our large fleet and the amount of construction machinery we own and/or lease. New regulations may require us to acquire different equipment or change processes. The new equipment may not be available, or we may not be able to purchase or rent this equipment in a cost-effective manner. Compliance with any new laws or regulations regarding the reduction of greenhouse gases could result in significant changes to our operations and a significant increase in the cost of conducting our business. In addition, our reputation could suffer and/or we could experience a reduction in the amount of future work we are awarded if our operations are perceived to result in high greenhouse gas emissions or to otherwise pose environmental risks. Reductions in project awards, project deferrals, delays or cancellations or increases in costs related to the effects of climate change, climate change initiatives or climate change regulations could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
 
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Our failure to comply with the regulations of federal, state and local agencies that oversee transportation and safety compliance could reduce our revenue, profitability and liquidity.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) and various states establish certain employer responsibilities, including maintenance of a workplace free of recognized hazards likely to cause death or serious injury, compliance with standards promulgated by OSHA and various recordkeeping, disclosure and procedural requirements. Various standards, including standards for notices of hazards and safety may apply to our operations. We incur capital and operating expenditures and other costs in the ordinary course of business in complying with OSHA and other state and local laws and regulations, and could incur penalties and fines in the future from violations of health and safety regulations, including, in extreme cases, criminal sanctions. Our customers could cancel existing contracts and not award future business to us if we were in violation of these regulations.
We are also subject to a number of state and federal laws and regulations related to the operation of our fleet of commercial motor vehicles. If we are not in compliance with these laws and regulations, we may be unable to perform services for our customers and may also be subject to fines, penalties, and the suspension or revocation of our licenses. Our failure to comply with these laws and regulations may affect our ability to operate and could require us to incur significant costs that adversely affect our results of operations.
Our failure to comply with various laws and regulations related to contractor licensing and business licensing could result in significant liabilities.
We are subject to a number of state and federal laws and regulations, including those related to contractor licensing, business licensing and employment of qualified individuals. If we are not in compliance with these laws and regulations, we may be unable to perform services for our customers and may also be subject to fines, penalties, and the suspension or revocation of our licenses. Our failure to comply with these laws and regulations may affect our ability to operate and could require us to incur significant costs that adversely affect our results of operations.
The Company’s ability to be successful will depend upon the efforts of the Board and key personnel and the loss of such persons could negatively impact the operations and profitability of the Company’s business.
The Company’s ability to be successful will be dependent upon the efforts of the Board and key personnel. We cannot assure you that the Board and the Company’s key personnel will be effective or successful or remain with the Company.
Risks Related to Strategic Transactions
Acquisitions, strategic investments and dispositions involve risks that could negatively affect our operating results, cash flows and liquidity and may not enhance shareholder value.
We have made, and may continue to make, strategic acquisitions and investments. Acquisitions may expose us to operational challenges and risks, including the ability to profitably manage the acquired business or successfully integrate the operations, internal controls and procedures and financial reporting and accounting systems of the acquired business into our business; increased indebtedness and contingent earn-out obligations; the ability to fund cash flow shortages that may occur if anticipated revenue is not realized or is delayed, whether by general economic or market conditions, or other unforeseen difficulties; the expense of integrating acquired businesses; the availability of funding sufficient to meet increased capital needs; diversion of management’s attention; and the ability to retain or hire qualified personnel required for expanded operations.
In addition, we may not be able to identify suitable acquisition or strategic investment opportunities or may be unable to obtain the required consent of our lenders and therefore, may not be able to complete such acquisitions or strategic investments. We may pay for acquisitions or strategic investments with our Common Stock or with debt instruments, including convertible or exchangeable debt securities, which could dilute the ownership interests of our stockholders, or we may decide to pursue acquisitions with which our investors may not agree. Borrowings or issuances of debt associated with these acquisitions could also result
 
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in higher levels of indebtedness, which could negatively affect our ability to service our debt within the scheduled repayment terms. In addition, to the extent we defer payment of an acquisition’s purchase price through a cash earn-out arrangement, it will reduce our cash flows in subsequent periods.
Acquired companies may have liabilities that we failed, or were unable, to discover in the course of performing due diligence investigations. We cannot assure you that the indemnifications granted to us by sellers of acquired companies will be sufficient in amount, scope or duration to fully offset potential liabilities associated with acquired businesses. We may learn additional information about the businesses we have acquired that could materially adversely affect us, such as unknown or contingent liabilities, unprofitable projects and liabilities related to compliance with applicable laws. Any such liabilities, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on our business. We generally require that key management and former principals of the businesses we acquire enter into non-competition agreements in our favor. If we are unable, and the courts refuse to enforce the non-competition agreement entered into by such person or persons, we might be subject to increased competition. Failure to successfully manage the operational challenges and risks associated with, or resulting from, our acquisitions could adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
Additionally, we may from time to time explore opportunities to maximize value through the disposition of assets and businesses, including the sale of certain businesses. These sales or transactions could adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
Risks Related to Financing Our Business
We have a significant amount of debt, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations or could affect our ability to access capital markets in the future. In addition, our debt contains restrictive covenants that may prevent us from engaging in transactions that might benefit us.
Our outstanding debt and debt service requirements could have significant consequences on our future operations, including: making it more difficult for us to meet our payment and other obligations; an event of default if we fail to comply with the financial and other restrictive covenants contained in our debt agreements, which could result in all of our debt becoming immediately due and payable; reducing the availability of our cash flows to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions or strategic investments, and limiting our ability to obtain additional financing for these purposes; subjecting us to the risk of increasing interest expense on variable rate indebtedness; limiting our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to changes in our business, the industries in which we operate and the general economy; and placing us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt or are less leveraged.
The terms of our indebtedness contain customary events of default and covenants that prohibit us from taking certain actions without satisfying certain financial tests or obtaining the consent of the lenders. Should we be unable to comply with the terms and covenants of our indebtedness, including our credit facility, we would be required to obtain consents from our bank group, modify our credit facility or other debt instruments or secure another source of financing to continue to operate our business, none of which may be available to us on reasonable terms or at all. A default could also result in the acceleration of our obligations. In addition, these covenants may prevent us from engaging in transactions that benefit us, including responding to changing business and economic conditions or securing additional financing, if needed.
Any of these factors could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Our ability to meet our payment and other obligations under our debt instruments depends on our ability to generate significant cash flow in the future, which can be subject to many factors, some of which are beyond our control. We cannot assure that our business will generate future cash flow from operations, or that future borrowings will be available to us in an amount sufficient to enable us to meet our payment obligations and to fund other liquidity needs. Our business is capital intensive, and if we are not able to generate sufficient cash flow to service our debt obligations, we may need to refinance or restructure our debt, sell assets, reduce or delay capital investments, or seek to raise additional capital, and some of these activities could have terms that are unfavorable or could be highly dilutive. Our ability to obtain additional
 
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financing or to refinance our existing indebtedness will depend on the capital markets and our financial condition at such time. Any of the above factors could adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
We are also party to certain factoring arrangements. Any termination of such factoring arrangements could adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and liquidity.
We may be unable to obtain sufficient bonding capacity to support certain service offerings, and the need for performance and surety bonds could reduce availability under our credit facility.
Some of our contracts require performance and payment bonds. If we are not able to renew or obtain a sufficient level of bonding capacity in the future, we may be precluded from being able to bid for certain contracts or successfully contract with certain customers. In addition, even if we are able to successfully renew or obtain performance or payment bonds, we may be required to post letters of credit in connection with the bonds, which would reduce availability under our credit facility. Furthermore, under standard terms in the surety market, sureties issue bonds on a project-by-project basis and can decline to issue bonds at any time or require the posting of additional collateral as a condition to issuing or renewing any bonds. If we were to experience an interruption or reduction in the availability of bonding capacity, we may be unable to compete for or work on projects that require bonding.
Risks Related to the 2027 Convertible Notes
Our indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition and prevent us from fulfilling our obligations under the 2027 Convertible Notes.
In the future, we may seek to raise or borrow additional funds to expand our product or business development efforts, make acquisitions or otherwise fund or grow our business and operations. Our indebtedness could have important consequences to the holders of the 2027 Convertible Notes, including:

increasing our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;

requiring us to dedicate a portion of our cash flow from operations to principal and interest payments on our indebtedness, thereby reducing the availability of cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions and investments and other general corporate purposes;

making it more difficult for us to optimally capitalize and manage the cash flow for our businesses;

limiting our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our businesses and the markets in which we operate;

possibly placing us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt;

limiting our ability to borrow additional funds or to borrow funds at rates or on other terms that we find acceptable; and

exposing us to the risk of increased interest rates because certain of our borrowings, including our credit agreements, are subject to variable rates of interest.
In addition, it is possible that we may need to incur additional indebtedness in the future in the ordinary course of business.
The terms of our credit agreements and our Indenture that governs the 2027 Convertible Notes allow us to incur additional debt subject to certain limitations; however, there is no assurance that additional financing will be available to us on terms favorable to us, if at all. In addition, if new debt is added to the then existing debt levels, the risks described above could intensify.
Our credit agreements and our Indenture contain restrictive covenants that will limit our ability to engage in activities that may be in our long-term best interest. Our failure to comply with those covenants could result in an event of default which, if not cured or waived, could result in the acceleration of substantially all of our indebtedness. See “Description of Securities — 2027 Convertible Notes.”
 
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We may be able to incur substantial indebtedness. This could exacerbate the risks to our financial condition described above and prevent us from fulfilling our obligations under the 2027 Convertible Notes.
We may be able to incur significant additional indebtedness in the future and this could result in additional risk. Although our credit agreements and our Indenture contain restrictions on the incurrence of additional indebtedness, these restrictions are subject to a number of qualifications and exceptions, and the additional indebtedness incurred in compliance with these restrictions could be substantial. In the future we may draw on the credit agreements to reinforce our liquidity position and preserve financial flexibility in light of current uncertainty in the global markets resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic.
If we incur any additional indebtedness that ranks equally with the 2027 Convertible Notes, subject to any collateral arrangements, the holders of that debt will be entitled to share ratably with you in any proceeds distributed in connection with our insolvency, liquidation, reorganization, dissolution or other winding up as a company. This may have the effect of reducing the amount of proceeds paid to you. These restrictions also will not prevent us from incurring obligations that do not constitute indebtedness. If new indebtedness is added to our current indebtedness levels, the related risks that we now face could increase. Any of these risks could materially impact our ability to fund our operations or limit our ability to expand our business, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may not be able to generate sufficient cash to service all of our indebtedness, including the 2027 Convertible Notes, and may be forced to take other actions to satisfy our obligations under our indebtedness, which may not be successful.
Our ability to make scheduled payments on or to refinance our debt obligations, including the 2027 Convertible Notes, depends on our financial condition and results of operations, which in turn are subject to prevailing economic and competitive conditions and to certain financial, business and other factors beyond our control. We may not be able to maintain a level of cash flows from operating activities sufficient to permit us to pay the principal, premium, if any, and interest on our indebtedness, including the 2027 Convertible Notes.
If our cash flows and capital resources are insufficient to fund our debt service obligations, we could face substantial liquidity problems and may be forced to reduce or delay investments and capital expenditures, or to sell assets, seek additional capital or restructure or refinance our indebtedness, including the 2027 Convertible Notes. Our ability to restructure or refinance our debt will depend on, among other things, the condition of the capital markets and our financial condition at such time. Any refinancing of our debt could be at higher interest rates and may require us to comply with more onerous covenants, which could further restrict our business operations. The terms of existing or future debt instruments and the Indenture that governs the 2027 Convertible Notes may restrict us from adopting some of these alternatives. In addition, any failure to make payments of interest and principal on our outstanding indebtedness on a timely basis would likely result in a reduction of our credit rating, which could harm our ability to incur additional indebtedness. In the absence of such cash flows and resources, we could face substantial liquidity problems and might be required to dispose of material assets or operations to meet our debt service and other obligations.
Further, our credit agreements and our Indenture contain provisions that will restrict our ability to dispose of assets and use the proceeds from any such disposition. We may not be able to consummate those dispositions or to obtain the proceeds that we could realize from them and these proceeds may not be adequate to meet any debt service obligations then due. These alternative measures may not be successful and may not permit us to meet our scheduled debt service obligations.
Our inability to generate sufficient cash flows to satisfy our debt obligations, or to refinance our indebtedness on commercially reasonable terms or at all, would materially and adversely affect our financial position and results of operations and our ability to satisfy our obligations under the 2027 Convertible Notes.
If we cannot make scheduled payments on our indebtedness, to the extent applicable, we will be in default and holders of the 2027 Convertible Notes could declare all outstanding principal and interest to be due and payable and the lenders under the credit agreements could terminate their commitments to loan money, our secured lenders could foreclose against the assets securing their borrowings and we could be
 
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forced into bankruptcy or liquidation. If we breach the covenants under our debt instruments, we would be in default under such instruments. The holders of such indebtedness could exercise their rights, as described above, and we could be forced into bankruptcy or liquidation. All of these events could result in your losing your entire investment in the 2027 Convertible Notes.
Our credit agreements and the Indenture contain terms which restrict our current and future operations, particularly our ability to respond to changes or to take certain actions.
Our credit agreements and the Indenture contain a number of restrictive covenants that impose significant operating and financial restrictions on us and may limit our ability to engage in acts that may be in our long-term best interest, including, among other things, restrictions on our ability to:

incur or guarantee additional indebtedness or issue disqualified stock or preferred stock;

pay dividends and make other distributions on, or redeem or repurchase, capital stock;

make certain investments;

incur certain liens;

enter into transactions with affiliates;

merge or consolidate;

enter into agreements that restrict the ability of restricted subsidiaries to make dividends or other payments to us or the guarantors;

designate restricted subsidiaries as unrestricted subsidiaries; and

transfer or sell assets.
The covenants in the Indenture that governs the 2027 Convertible Notes are subject to important exceptions and qualifications, which are described under “Description of Securities — 2027 Convertible Notes.” These covenants may limit our ability to optimally operate our business.
As a result of these restrictions, we will be limited as to how we conduct our business and we may be unable to raise additional debt or equity financing to compete effectively or to take advantage of new business opportunities. The terms of any future indebtedness we may incur could include more restrictive covenants. We cannot assure you that we will be able to maintain compliance with these covenants in the future and, if we fail to do so, that we will be able to obtain waivers from the lenders and/or amend the covenants.
Our failure to comply with the restrictive covenants described above and/or the terms of any future indebtedness from time to time could result in an event of default, which, if not cured or waived, could result in our being required to repay these borrowings before their due date and the termination of future funding commitments by our lenders. If we are forced to refinance these borrowings on less favorable terms or cannot refinance these borrowings, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.
Our credit agreements and the Indenture contain cross-default provisions that could result in the acceleration of all of our indebtedness.
A breach of the covenants under our credit agreements or our Indenture could result in an event of default under the applicable indebtedness. Such a default may allow the creditors to accelerate the related indebtedness and may result in the acceleration of any other indebtedness to which a cross-acceleration or cross-default provision applies. In the event our lenders or noteholders accelerate the repayment of our borrowings, we and our guarantors may not have sufficient assets to repay that indebtedness. Additionally, we may not be able to borrow money from other lenders to enable us to refinance our indebtedness.
The 2027 Convertible Notes are effectively subordinated to our indebtedness under our credit agreements and our other secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the assets securing that indebtedness.
The 2027 Convertible Notes are not secured by any of our assets. As a result, the 2027 Convertible Notes and the guarantees are effectively subordinated to our existing and future secured indebtedness
 
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(including any indebtedness under the credit agreements) with respect to the assets that secure that indebtedness. The effect of this subordination is that upon a default in payment on, or the acceleration of, any of our secured indebtedness, or in the event of bankruptcy, insolvency, liquidation, dissolution or reorganization of our company, the proceeds from the sale of assets securing our secured indebtedness are available to pay obligations on the 2027 Convertible Notes only after all secured indebtedness has been paid in full. The holders of the 2027 Convertible Notes may receive less, ratably, than the holders of secured indebtedness in the event of our or any of the guarantors’ bankruptcy, insolvency, liquidation, dissolution or reorganization.
The 2027 Convertible Notes are structurally subordinated to all obligations of our existing and future subsidiaries that are not and do not become guarantors of the 2027 Convertible Notes.
Each of our existing and future domestic restricted subsidiaries that is a borrower under or that guarantees obligations under our credit agreements or that guarantees certain of our other indebtedness is a guarantor of the 2027 Convertible Notes (subject to certain exceptions). Our subsidiaries that do not guarantee the 2027 Convertible Notes, including all of our non-domestic subsidiaries, will have no obligation, contingent or otherwise, to pay amounts due under the 2027 Convertible Notes or to make any funds available to pay those amounts, whether by dividend, distribution, loan or other payment. The 2027 Convertible Notes are structurally subordinated to all indebtedness and other obligations of any non-guarantor subsidiary such that in the event of insolvency, liquidation, reorganization, dissolution or other winding up of any subsidiary that is not a guarantor, all of that subsidiary’s creditors (including trade creditors and preferred stockholders, if any) would be entitled to payment in full out of that subsidiary’s assets before we would be entitled to any payment.
In addition, the Indenture, subject to some limitations, permits these subsidiaries to incur additional indebtedness and will not contain any limitation on the amount of other liabilities, such as trade payables, that may be incurred by these subsidiaries.
In addition, our subsidiaries that provide, or will provide, guarantees of the 2027 Convertible Notes will be automatically released from those guarantees upon the occurrence of certain events, including the following:

upon a sale, transfer, exchange or other disposition (including by way of consolidation or merger) of Capital Stock (as defined in the Indenture) of such Guarantor following which the applicable Guarantor ceases to be a Restricted Subsidiary or the sale, transfer, exchange or other disposition of all or substantially all the properties and assets of the applicable Guarantor (other than to the other Guarantors) otherwise not prohibited by the Indenture;

upon the release or discharge of such Guarantor’s obligations under our credit agreements or other Indebtedness that resulted in the creation of such Guarantee other than, in each case, a release or discharge through payment thereon;

upon the merger, amalgamation or consolidation of any Guarantor with and into the Company or another Guarantor or upon the liquidation of such Guarantor, in each case, in compliance with the Indenture,

upon the discharge of the 2027 Convertible Notes, as provided in Article 3 of the Indenture; or

as provided in Article 10 of the Indenture.
If any guarantee is released, no holder of the 2027 Convertible Notes will have a claim as a creditor against that subsidiary, and the indebtedness and other liabilities (including trade payables and preferred stock, if any), whether secured or unsecured, of that subsidiary will be effectively senior to the claim of any holders of the 2027 Convertible Notes. See “Description of Securities — 2027 Convertible Notes — Notes Guarantees.”
Federal and state fraudulent transfer laws may permit a court to void the 2027 Convertible Notes or the guarantees, and if that occurs, you may not receive any payments on the 2027 Convertible Notes.
Federal and state fraudulent transfer and conveyance statutes may apply to the issuance of the 2027 Convertible Notes and the incurrence of the guarantees of the 2027 Convertible Notes. Under federal
 
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bankruptcy law and comparable provisions of state fraudulent transfer or conveyance laws, which may vary from state to state, the 2027 Convertible Notes or the guarantees thereof could be voided as a fraudulent transfer or conveyance if QualTek or a guarantor, as applicable,
(1)   issued the 2027 Convertible Notes or incurred its guarantee with the intent of hindering, delaying or defrauding creditors or
(2)   received less than reasonably equivalent value or fair consideration in return for either issuing the 2027 Convertible Notes or incurring the guarantee and, in the case of (2) only, one of the following is also true at the time thereof:

the issuer or such guarantor, as applicable, was insolvent or rendered insolvent by reason of the issuance of the 2027 Convertible Notes or the incurrence of its guarantees;

the issuance of the 2027 Convertible Notes or the incurrence of its guarantees left the issuer or such guarantor, as applicable, with an unreasonably small amount of capital or assets to carry on the business;

the issuer or such guarantor intended to, or believed that it would, incur indebtedness beyond its ability to pay as they mature; or

the issuer or such guarantor was a defendant in an action for money damages, or had a judgment for money damages docketed against it if, in either case, the judgment is unsatisfied after final judgment.
As a general matter, value is given for a transfer or an obligation if, in exchange for the transfer or obligation, property is transferred or a valid antecedent debt is secured or satisfied. A court would likely find that a guarantor did not receive reasonably equivalent value or fair consideration for its guarantee to the extent the guarantor did not obtain a reasonably equivalent benefit directly or indirectly from the issuance of the 2027 Convertible Notes.
We cannot be certain as to the standards a court would use to determine whether or not we or a guarantor was insolvent at the relevant time or, regardless of the standard that a court uses, whether the 2027 Convertible Notes or the guarantees would be subordinated to other indebtedness. In general, however, a court would deem an entity insolvent if:

the sum of its indebtedness, including contingent and unliquidated liabilities, was greater than the fair saleable value of all of its assets;

the present fair saleable value of its assets was less than the amount that would be required to pay its probable liability on its existing indebtedness, including contingent liabilities, as they become absolute and mature; or

it could not pay its indebtedness as it became due.
If a court were to find that the issuance of the 2027 Convertible Notes or the incurrence of a guarantee was a fraudulent transfer or conveyance, the court could void the payment obligations under the 2027 Convertible Notes or that guarantee, could subordinate the 2027 Convertible Notes or that guarantee to our presently existing and future indebtedness or of the relevant guarantor or could require the holders of the 2027 Convertible Notes to repay any amounts received with respect to the 2027 Convertible Notes or that guarantee. In the event of a finding that a fraudulent transfer or conveyance occurred, you may not receive any repayment on the 2027 Convertible Notes. Further, the avoidance of the 2027 Convertible Notes could result in an event of default with respect to our and our subsidiaries’ other indebtedness that could result in acceleration of that indebtedness.
Although each guarantee entered into in connection with the 2027 Convertible Notes will contain a provision intended to limit that guarantor’s liability to the maximum amount that it could incur without causing the incurrence of obligations under its guarantee to be a fraudulent conveyance or fraudulent transfer, this provision may not be effective as a legal matter to protect those guarantees from being avoided under fraudulent conveyance or fraudulent transfer law or otherwise, or may reduce that guarantor’s obligation to an amount that effectively makes its guarantee worthless.
 
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In addition, as noted above, any payment by us pursuant to the 2027 Convertible Notes or by a guarantor under a guarantee made at a time we or such guarantor was found to be insolvent could be avoided and required to be returned to the issuer or such guarantor if such payment is made to an insider within a one-year period prior to a bankruptcy filing or within 90 days for any non-insider party and such payment would give such insider or non-insider party (as the case may be) more than such creditors would have received in a distribution under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code in a hypothetical Chapter 7 case.
Finally, as a court of equity, the bankruptcy court may subordinate the claims in respect of the 2027 Convertible Notes to other claims against us under the principle of equitable subordination if the court determines that (1) the holder of 2027 Convertible Notes engaged in some type of inequitable conduct, (2) the inequitable conduct resulted in injury to our other creditors or conferred an unfair advantage upon the holders of 2027 Convertible Notes and (3) equitable subordination is not inconsistent with the provisions of the United States Bankruptcy Code.
There is no existing public trading market for the 2027 Convertible Notes, and holders’ ability to sell the 2027 Convertible Notes will be limited.
There is no existing public market for the 2027 Convertible Notes. No market for the 2027 Convertible Notes may develop, and any market that develops may not persist. We cannot assure you as to the liquidity of any market that may develop for the 2027 Convertible Notes, your ability to sell your 2027 Convertible Notes or the price at which you would be able to sell your 2027 Convertible Notes. Future trading prices of the new notes will depend on many factors, including, among other things, prevailing interest rates, our operating results and the market for similar securities. The liquidity of any trading market and the trading price of such notes may be adversely affected by changes in our financial performance or prospects and by changes in the financial performance of or prospects for companies in our industry generally.
Even though the 2027 Convertible Notes are convertible into shares of our Class A Common Stock, the terms of the 2027 Convertible Notes will not provide protection against some types of important corporate events.
The 2027 Convertible Notes are convertible into shares of our Class A Common Stock. Certain important corporate events, such as leveraged recapitalizations, that would increase the level of our indebtedness, would not constitute a “fundamental change” under the 2027 Convertible Notes. See “Description of Securities — 2027 Convertible Notes.”
A lowering or withdrawal of the ratings assigned to our debt securities by rating agencies may increase our future borrowing costs and reduce our access to capital.
There can be no assurances that any rating assigned to our debt securities will remain for any given period of time or that a rating will not be lowered or withdrawn entirely by a rating agency if, in that rating agency’s judgment, future circumstances relating to the basis of the rating, such as adverse changes, so warrant. Consequently, real or anticipated changes in our credit ratings will generally affect the market value of the 2027 Convertible Notes. Credit ratings are not recommendations to purchase, hold or sell the 2027 Convertible Notes, and may be revised or withdrawn at any time. Additionally, credit ratings may not reflect the potential effect of risks relating to the structure or marketing of the 2027 Convertible Notes.
Any future lowering of our ratings likely would make it more difficult or more expensive for us to obtain additional debt financing. If any credit rating initially assigned to the 2027 Convertible Notes is subsequently lowered or withdrawn for any reason, you may not be able to resell your 2027 Convertible Notes at a favorable price or at all.
We may not have the ability to repurchase the 2027 Convertible Notes upon a fundamental change.
Holders of the 2027 Convertible Notes have the right to require us to repurchase their 2027 Convertible Notes upon the occurrence of a fundamental change, which includes a delisting of the Class A Common Stock. However, we may not have enough available cash or be able to obtain financing at the time we are required to make repurchases of 2027 Convertible Notes. In addition, our ability to repurchase the 2027 Convertible Notes is limited by the agreements governing our existing indebtedness and may also be limited by law, by regulatory authority or by agreements that governs our future indebtedness. Our failure to
 
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repurchase the 2027 Convertible Notes at a time when the repurchase is required by the Indenture would constitute a default under the Indenture. A default under the Indenture or the fundamental change itself could also lead to a default under the agreements governing our existing or future indebtedness. If the repayment of the related indebtedness were to be accelerated after any applicable notice or grace periods, we may not have sufficient funds to repay the indebtedness and repurchase the 2027 Convertible Notes.
Risks Related to Our Class A Common Stock
An active trading market for the Class A Common Stock may never develop or be sustained, which may make it difficult to sell the shares of the Class A Common Stock you purchase.
An active trading market for the Class A Common Stock may not develop or continue or, if developed, may not be sustained, which would make it difficult for you to sell your shares of the Class A Common Stock at an attractive price (or at all). The market price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock may decline below your purchase price, and you may not be able to sell your shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock at or above the price you paid for such shares (or at all).
We may be unable to maintain the listing of our securities on the Nasdaq Capital Market.
If the Company fails to meet the continued listing requirements and Nasdaq delists the Company’s Class A Common Stock, the Company could face significant material adverse consequences, including:

a limited availability of market quotations for the Company’s Class A Common Stock;

a limited amount of news and analyst coverage for the Company; and

a decreased ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future.
The market price of the Class A Common Stock is likely to be highly volatile, and you may lose some or all of your investment.
The market price of Class A Common Stock is highly volatile and may be subject to wide fluctuations in response to a variety of factors, including the following:

the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on our business;

the inability to maintain the listing of the Company’s shares of Class A Common Stock on the Nasdaq;

the inability to recognize the anticipated growth of the Company, which may be affected by, among other things, competition, our ability to grow and manage growth profitably, and retain its key employees;

changes in applicable laws or regulations;

risks relating to the uncertainty of our projected financial information; and

risks related to the growth of our business, the timing of expected business milestones, and the success of future acquisitions, if any.
In addition, the stock markets have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have affected and continue to affect the market prices of equity securities of many companies. These fluctuations have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. Broad market and industry factors, as well as general economic, political, regulatory and market conditions, may negatively affect the market price of the Class A Common Stock, regardless of the Company’s actual operating performance.
The Company’s business and operations could be negatively affected if it becomes subject to any securities litigation or shareholder activism, which could cause the Company to incur significant expense, hinder execution of business and growth strategy and impact its stock price.
In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been brought against that company. Shareholder activism, which could take many
 
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forms or arise in a variety of situations, has been increasing recently. Volatility in the stock price of the Class A Common Stock or other reasons may in the future cause it to become the target of securities litigation or shareholder activism. Securities litigation and shareholder activism, including potential proxy contests, could result in substantial costs and divert management’s and the Board’s attention and resources from the Company’s business. Additionally, such securities litigation and shareholder activism could give rise to perceived uncertainties as to the Company’s future, adversely affect its relationships with service providers and make it more difficult to attract and retain qualified personnel. Also, the Company may be required to incur significant legal fees and other expenses related to any securities litigation and activist shareholder matters. Further, its stock price could be subject to significant fluctuation or otherwise be adversely affected by the events, risks and uncertainties of any securities litigation and shareholder activism.
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or reports about the Company, or publish negative reports, the Company’s stock price and trading volume could decline.
The trading market for the Company’s Class A Common Stock will depend, in part, on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about the Company. The Company does not have any control over these analysts. If the Company’s financial performance fails to meet analyst estimates or one or more of the analysts who cover the Company downgrade its Class A Common Stock or change their opinion, the Company’s stock price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts cease coverage of the Company or fail to regularly publish reports on the Company, it could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause the Company’s stock price or trading volume to decline.
Because the Company does not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future, capital appreciation, if any, would be your sole source of gain.
The Company currently anticipates that it will retain future earnings for the development, operation and expansion of its business and do not anticipate declaring or paying any cash dividends for the foreseeable future. As a result, capital appreciation, if any, of the Company’s shares of Class A Common Stock would be your sole source of gain on an investment in such shares for the foreseeable future.
Certain of our warrants are accounted for as a warrant liability and are recorded at fair value upon issuance with changes in fair value each period reported in earnings, which may have an adverse effect on the market price of our Class A Common Stock.
We had 102,000 Private Placement Warrants that were issued concurrently with the ROCR IPO. The Private Placement Warrants and the shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of the Private Placement Warrants are exercisable for cash or on a cashless basis, at the holder’s option, and are non-redeemable so long as they are held by the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees. If the Private Placement Warrants are held by someone other than the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees, the Private Placement Warrants will be redeemable by us and exercisable by such holders on the same basis as the warrants included in the units sold in the ROCR IPO, in which case the 102,000 Private Placement Warrants could be redeemed by the Company for $1,020 (or $0.01 per Warrant). Under GAAP, we are required to evaluate contingent exercise provisions of these warrants and then their settlement provisions to determine whether they should be accounted for as a warrant liability or as equity. Any settlement amount not equal to the difference between the fair value of a fixed number of our equity shares and a fixed monetary amount precludes these warrants from being considered indexed to its own stock, and therefore, from being accounted for as equity. As a result of the provision that the Private Placement Warrants, when held by someone other than the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees, will be redeemable by us, the requirements for accounting for these warrants as equity are not satisfied. Therefore, we are required to account for these Private Placement Warrants as a warrant liability and record (a) that liability at fair value, which was determined as the same as the fair value of the warrants included in the units sold in the ROCR IPO, and (b) any subsequent changes in fair value as of the end of each period for which earnings are reported. The impact of changes in fair value on earnings may have an adverse effect on the market price of our Class A Common Stock.
 
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The exercise price for our public warrants is higher than in many similar blank check company offerings in the past, and, accordingly, the public warrants are more likely to expire worthless.
The exercise price of our public warrants is higher than is typical with many similar blank check companies in the past. Historically, with regard to units offered by blank check companies, the exercise price of a public warrant was generally a fraction of the purchase price of the units in the initial public offering. The exercise price for our public warrants is $11.50 per share, subject to adjustment as provided herein. As a result, the public warrants are less likely to ever be in the money and more likely to expire worthless. We do not believe it is likely that a warrant holder would elect to exercise its warrants when our common stock is trading below $11.50 and any cash proceeds that would be received by the Company are dependent on the trading price of the common stock underlying the warrants. We do not believe that the warrant holders’ failure to exercise warrants for cash would have a material impact on our liquidity, financial position or results of operations.
Our warrants will become exercisable for our Common Stock, which would increase the number of shares eligible for future resale in the public market and result in dilution to our stockholders.
Our public warrants issued as part of the ROCR IPO are exercisable for up to one share of Class A Common Stock at $11.50 per share. The additional shares of Class A Common Stock issued upon exercise of our warrants will result in dilution to the then existing holders of our Class A Common Stock and increase the number of shares eligible for resale in the public market. Sales of substantial numbers of such shares in the public market could adversely affect the market price of our Class A Common Stock.
We have no obligation to net cash settle the warrants.
In no event will we have any obligation to net cash settle the warrants. Furthermore, there are no contractual penalties for failure to deliver securities to the holders of the warrants upon consummation of an initial business combination, including the Business Combination, or exercise of the warrants. Accordingly, the warrants may expire worthless.
There is no guarantee that the warrants will ever be in the money, and they may expire worthless and the terms of warrants may be amended.
The exercise price for the warrants is $11.50 per share of Class A Common Stock. There is no guarantee that the warrants will ever be in the money prior to their expiration, and as such, the warrants may expire worthless.
In addition, the Company’s warrants were issued in registered form under the Warrant Agreement between Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as warrant agent, and the Company. The Warrant Agreement provides that the terms of the warrants may be amended without the consent of any holder to cure any ambiguity or correct any defective provision, but requires the approval by the holders of at least 50% of the then outstanding public warrants to make any other change. Accordingly, the Company may amend the terms of the warrants in a manner adverse to a holder if holders of at least 50% of the then outstanding public warrants approve of such amendment. Although the Company’s ability to amend the terms of the warrants with the consent of at least 50% of the then outstanding public warrants is unlimited, examples of such amendments could be amendments to, among other things, increase the exercise price of the warrants, shorten the exercise period or decrease the number of shares and their respective affiliates and associates have of Class A Common Stock purchasable upon exercise of a warrant.
We may redeem the unexpired warrants prior to their exercise at a time that is disadvantageous to warrant holders, thereby making their warrants worthless.
We have the ability to redeem outstanding warrants at any time after they become exercisable and prior to their expiration, at a price of $0.01 per warrant, provided that the last reported sales price of the Common Stock equals or exceeds $18.00 per share for any 20 trading days within a 30 trading-day period ending on the third trading day prior to the date QualTek sends the notice of redemption to the warrant holders. If and when the warrants become redeemable by QualTek, QualTek may exercise its redemption right even if QualTek is unable to register or qualify the underlying securities for sale under all applicable state securities
 
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laws. Redemption of the outstanding warrants could force the holder (i) to exercise their warrants and pay the exercise price therefor at a time when it may be disadvantageous for you to do so, (ii) to sell your warrants at the then-current market price when you might otherwise wish to hold your warrants or (iii) to accept the nominal redemption price which, at the time the outstanding warrants are called for redemption, is likely to be substantially less than the market value of your warrants. Historical trading prices for our Common Stock have not exceeded the $18.00 per share threshold at which the public warrants become redeemable. In the event QualTek exercises its redemption right, holders of the warrants would be notified of such redemption as described in our Warrant Agreement. Specifically, in the event that QualTek elects to redeem all of the outstanding warrants, QualTek shall fix a date for the redemption (the “Redemption Date”). Notice of redemption shall be mailed by first class mail, postage prepaid, by QualTek not less than 30 days prior to the Redemption Date to the registered holders of the outstanding warrants to be redeemed at their last addresses as they appear on the registration books. Any notice mailed in the manner provided in the warrant agreement shall be conclusively presumed to have been duly given whether or not the registered holder received such notice. In addition, beneficial owners of the warrants will be notified of such redemption via the Company’s posting of the redemption notice to DTC. None of the private placement warrants and warrants underlying the units issuable upon conversion of working capital loan will be redeemable by QualTek so long as they are held by their initial purchasers or their permitted transferees.
The grant of registration rights to our stockholders and holders of our Private Warrants and the future exercise of such rights may adversely affect the market price of our Class A Common Stock.
On February 14, 2022, in connection with the closing of the Business Combination, the Company entered into an investor rights agreement (the “Investor Rights Agreement”) with the sellers as set forth therein, BCP QualTek, the Sponsors, Sponsor Representative, and certain Other Holders (as defined therein). Pursuant to the Investor Rights Agreement, the Holders (as defined therein), which includes certain QualTek HoldCo equityholders as well as the Sponsors, and, in each case, their permitted transferees have customary registration rights (including with respect to cooperation and reduction of underwritten shelf takedown provisions (subject to lock-up restrictions for six months after the closing of the Business Combination)) with respect to (i) the Class A Common Stock (including the Class A Common Stock issued (a) pursuant to the Company’s the Third Amended and Restated LLCA upon exchange of QualTek Common Units along with a corresponding number of shares of the Class B Common Stock, and (b) upon conversion of the Restricted Sponsor Shares, in each case, upon the issuance thereof or lapse of transfer restrictions applicable thereto), (ii) the Private Warrants and the Class A Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Private Warrants, and (iii) any Class A Common Stock of the Company or any subsidiary of the Company issued or issuable with respect to the securities referred to in clause (i) and (ii) above by way of dividend, distribution, split or combination of securities, or any recapitalization, merger, consolidation or other reorganization.
We will bear the cost of registering these securities. The registration and availability of such a significant number of securities for trading in the public market may have an adverse effect on the market price of the Class A Common Stock of the Company.
Future offerings of debt or offerings or issuances of equity securities by the Company may adversely affect the market price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock or otherwise dilute all other stockholders.
In the future, we may attempt to obtain financing or to further increase our capital resources by issuing additional shares of the Class A Common Stock or offering debt or other equity securities, including commercial paper, medium-term notes, senior or subordinated notes, debt securities convertible into equity or shares of preferred stock. We also expect to grant equity awards to employees, directors, and consultants under our stock incentive plans. Future acquisitions could require substantial additional capital in excess of cash from operations. We expect to obtain the capital required for acquisitions through a combination of additional issuances of equity, corporate indebtedness and cash from operations.
Issuing additional shares of the Class A Common Stock or other equity securities or securities convertible into equity may dilute the economic and voting rights of our existing stockholders or reduce the market price of the Class A Common Stock or both. Upon liquidation, holders of such debt securities and preferred shares, if issued, and lenders with respect to other borrowings would receive a distribution of
 
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our available assets prior to the holders of the Class A Common Stock. Our debt securities convertible into equity could be subject to adjustments in the conversion ratio pursuant to which certain events may increase the number of equity securities issuable upon conversion. Preferred shares, if issued, could have a preference with respect to liquidating distributions or a preference with respect to dividend payments that could limit our ability to pay dividends to the holders of the Class A Common Stock. Our decision to issue securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, which may adversely affect the amount, timing and nature of our future offerings.
The 2027 Convertible Notes may be converted into Class A Common Stock in the future, which would cause immediate and substantial dilution to our stockholders.
We issued the 2027 Convertible Notes with an aggregate principal amount of $124,685,000. The 2027 Convertible Notes are initially convertible into 12,468,500 shares of Class A Common Stock. The 2027 Convertible Notes are convertible at an initial conversion price of $10.00 (subject to downward adjustment during the first year depending on the price of the Class A Common Stock and other anti-dilution adjustments). The issuance of shares of Class A Common Stock upon any conversion of the 2027 Convertible Notes will result in dilution to the interests of stockholders and such dilution may increase as a result of the conversion price adjustment and anti-dilution provisions in the indenture governing the 2027 Convertible Notes.
If our security holders exercise their registration rights with respect to their securities, it may have an adverse effect on the market price of our securities.
Our Initial Stockholders are entitled to make a demand that the Company register the resale of their insider shares at any time commencing three months prior to the date on which their shares may be released from escrow. Additionally, our Initial Stockholders, officers and directors are entitled to demand that we register the resale of the shares underlying any securities our Initial Stockholders, officers, directors or their affiliates may be issued in payment of working capital loans made to us at any time. If such persons exercise their registration rights with respect to all of these securities, then there will be an additional 3,589,000 shares of Class A Common Stock eligible for trading in the public market. The presence of these additional shares of Class A Common Stock trading in the public market may have an adverse effect on the market price of our securities.
QualTek is an emerging growth company within the meaning of the Securities Act and QualTek has taken advantage of certain exemptions from disclosure requirements available to emerging growth companies; this could make QualTek’s securities less attractive to investors and may make it more difficult to compare QualTek’s performance with other public companies.
QualTek is an “emerging growth company” within the meaning of the Securities Act, as modified by the JOBS Act, and has taken advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in QualTek’s periodic reports and proxy statements and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on certain executive compensation matters. As a result, QualTek’s stockholders may not have access to certain information they may deem important. QualTek may be an emerging growth company for up to five years, although circumstances could cause the loss of that status earlier, including if the market value of the Common Stock of QualTek held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of any June 30 before that time, in which case the Company would no longer be an emerging growth company as of the following December 31. QualTek cannot predict whether investors will find its securities less attractive because QualTek relies on these exemptions. If some investors find the securities less attractive as a result of reliance on these exemptions, the trading prices of QualTek’s securities may be lower than they otherwise would be, there may be a less active trading market for QualTek’s securities and the trading prices of the securities may be more volatile.
Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities
 
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registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such an election to opt out is irrevocable. QualTek has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period. Accordingly, when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, QualTek, as an emerging growth company, will adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard, unless early adoption is permitted by the standard. This may make comparison of QualTek’s financial statements with another public company which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.
Risks Related to Tax
Our only principal asset is our interest in QualTek HoldCo, and accordingly we will depend on distributions from QualTek HoldCo to pay dividends, taxes, other expenses, and make any payments required to be made by us under the Tax Receivable Agreement.
We are a holding company and have no material assets other than our ownership of QualTek Common Units. We do not have independent means of generating revenue or cash flow, and our ability to pay our taxes, operating expenses, and pay any dividends in the future will be dependent upon the financial results and cash flows of QualTek HoldCo. There can be no assurance that QualTek HoldCo will generate sufficient cash flow to distribute funds to us or that applicable state law and contractual restrictions, including negative covenants under debt instruments, will permit such distributions. If QualTek HoldCo does not distribute sufficient funds to us to pay our taxes or other liabilities, we may default on contractual obligations or have to borrow additional funds. In the event that we are required to borrow additional funds it could adversely affect our liquidity and subject us to additional restrictions imposed by lenders.
QualTek HoldCo will continue to be treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes and, as such, generally will not be subject to any entity-level U.S. federal income tax. Instead, taxable income will be allocated, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, to the holders QualTek Common Units. Under the terms of the Third Amended and Restated LLCA, QualTek HoldCo is obligated to make pro rata tax distributions to holders of QualTek Common Units calculated at certain assumed rates. In addition to tax expenses, we will also incur expenses related to our operations, including payment obligations under the Tax Receivable Agreement, which could be significant and some of which will be reimbursed by QualTek HoldCo (excluding payment obligations under the Tax Receivable Agreement). For so long as we are Managing Member (as defined in the Third Amended and Restated LLCA) of QualTek HoldCo, we intend to cause QualTek HoldCo to make ordinary distributions and tax distributions to the holders of QualTek Common Units on a pro rata basis in amounts sufficient to enable us to cover all applicable taxes, relevant operating expenses, payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement and dividends, if any, declared by us. However, QualTek HoldCo’s ability to make such distributions may be subject to various limitations and restrictions, including, but not limited to, retention of amounts necessary to satisfy the obligations of QualTek HoldCo and its subsidiaries and restrictions on distributions that would violate any applicable restrictions contained in QualTek HoldCo’s debt agreements, or any applicable law, or that would have the effect of rendering QualTek HoldCo insolvent. To the extent we are unable to make payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement for any reason, such payments will be deferred and will accrue interest until paid. Additionally, nonpayment for a specified period and/or under certain circumstances may constitute a material breach of a material obligation under the Tax Receivable Agreement and therefore accelerate payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement, which could be substantial.
We anticipate that the distributions received from QualTek HoldCo may, in certain periods, exceed our actual tax liabilities and obligations to make payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement. The Board, in its sole discretion, will make any determination from time to time with respect to the use of any such excess cash so accumulated, which may include, among other uses, to pay dividends on our Class A Common Stock. We have no obligation to distribute such cash (or other available cash other than any declared dividend) to our stockholders.
 
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The Tax Receivable Agreement requires us to make cash payments to the TRA Holders in respect of certain tax benefits and such payments may be substantial. In certain cases, payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement may (i) exceed any actual tax benefits the Tax Group realizes or (ii) be accelerated.
As of the closing of the Business Combination, the Company, QualTek HoldCo, the TRA Holders and the TRA Holder Representative entered into the Tax Receivable Agreement.
Pursuant to the Tax Receivable Agreement, the Company is generally be required to pay the TRA Holders 85% of the amount of savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state, local, and foreign taxes that are based on, or measured with respect to, net income or profits, and any interest related thereto that the Company (and applicable consolidated, unitary, or combined subsidiaries thereof, if any) realized, or is deemed to have realized, as a result of certain tax attributes (the “Tax Attributes”), including:

existing tax basis in certain assets of QualTek and certain of its direct or indirect Subsidiaries, including assets that will eventually be subject to depreciation or amortization, once placed in service, attributable to QualTek Common Units acquired by the Company at the closing of the Business Combination or from a TRA Holder (including any QualTek Common Units held by the Blocker, which are acquired by the Company in a Reorganization Transaction (as defined in the Tax Receivable Agreement));

tax basis adjustments resulting from the acquisition of QualTek Common Units by the Company at the closing of the Business Combination and taxable exchanges of QualTek Common Units (including any such adjustments resulting from certain payments made by the Company under the Tax Receivable Agreement) acquired by the Company from a TRA Holder pursuant to the terms of the Third Amended and Restated LLCA;

tax deductions in respect of portions of certain payments made under the Tax Receivable Agreement; and

certain tax attributes of the Blocker, which holds QualTek Common Units that are acquired directly or indirectly by the Company pursuant to a Reorganization Transaction.
Under the Tax Receivable Agreement, the Tax Group (as defined in the Tax Receivable Agreement) is generally treated as realizing a tax benefit from the use of a Tax Attribute on a “with and without” basis, thereby generally treating the Tax Attributes as the last item used, subject to several exceptions. Payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement generally are based on the tax reporting positions that the Company determines (with the amount of subject payments determined in consultation with an advisory firm and subject to the TRA Holder Representative’s review and consent), and the IRS or another taxing authority may challenge all or any part of position taken with respect to Tax Attributes or the utilization thereof, and a court may sustain such a challenge. In the event that any tax benefits initially claimed by the Tax Group are disallowed, the TRA Holders are not required to reimburse the Company for any excess payments that may previously have been made pursuant to the Tax Receivable Agreement, for example, due to adjustments resulting from examinations by taxing authorities. Rather, any excess payments made to such TRA Holders are applied against and reduce any future cash payments otherwise required to be made by the Company under the Tax Receivable Agreement, if any, after the determination of such excess. As a result, in certain circumstances the Company could be required to make payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement in excess of the Tax Group’s actual savings in respect of the Tax Attributes.
The Tax Receivable Agreement provides that, in the event (such events collectively, “Early Termination Events”) that (i) the Company exercises its early termination rights under the Tax Receivable Agreement, (ii) certain changes of control of the Company or QualTek HoldCo occur (as described in the Third Amended and Restated LLCA), (iii) the Company in certain circumstances, fails to make a payment required to be made pursuant to the Tax Receivable Agreement by its final payment date, which non-payment continues for 60 days following such final payment date or (iv) the Company materially breaches (or is deemed to materially breach) any of its material obligations under the Tax Receivable Agreement other than as described in the foregoing clause (iii) and, in the case of clauses (iii) and (iv), unless certain liquidity related or restrictive covenant related exceptions apply, the Company’s obligations under the Tax Receivable Agreement will accelerate (if the TRA Holder Representative so elects in the case of clauses (ii) – (iv)) and the Company is required to make a lump-sum cash payment to all the TRA Holders equal to the present value of all
 
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forecasted future payments that would have otherwise been made under the Tax Receivable Agreement, which lump-sum payment would be based on certain assumptions, including those relating to there being sufficient future taxable income of the Tax Group to fully utilize the Tax Attributes over certain specified time periods and that all QualTek Common Units (including QualTek Common Units held by Blocker) that had not yet been exchanged for Common Stock or cash are deemed exchanged for cash. The lump-sum payment could be material and could materially exceed any actual tax benefits that the TRA Holder realizes subsequent to such payment.
As a result of the foregoing, in some circumstances (i) the Company could be required to make payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement that are greater than or less than the actual tax savings that the Tax Group realizes in respect of the Tax Attributes and (ii) it is possible that the Company may be required to make payments years in advance of the actual realization of tax benefits (if any, and may never actually realize the benefits paid for) in respect of the Tax Attributes (including if any Early Termination Events occur).
Payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement are the Company’s obligations and not obligations of QualTek HoldCo. Any actual increase in our allocable share of QualTek HoldCo and its relevant subsidiaries’ tax basis in relevant assets, as well as the amount and timing of any payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement, will vary depending upon a number of factors, including the timing of exchanges, the market price of the Class A Common Stock at the time of an exchange of QualTek Common Units by a TRA Holder pursuant to the terms of the Third Amended and Restated LLCA and the amount and timing of the recognition of the Tax Group’s income for applicable tax purposes. While many of the factors that will determine the amount of payments that we are required to make under the Tax Receivable Agreement are outside of our control, we expect that the aggregate payments we are required to make under the Tax Receivable Agreement could be substantial and, if those payments substantially exceed the tax benefit we realize in a given year or in the aggregate, could have an material adverse effect on our financial condition.
Any payments made by us under the Tax Receivable Agreement will generally reduce the amount of overall cash flow that might have otherwise been available to us. To the extent that we are unable to make timely payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement for any reason, the unpaid amounts will be deferred and will accrue interest until paid. Additionally, nonpayment for a specified period and/or under certain circumstances may constitute a material breach of a material obligation under the Tax Receivable Agreement and therefore accelerate payments due under the Tax Receivable Agreement. Furthermore, our future obligation to make payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement could make us a less attractive target for an acquisition, particularly in the case of an acquirer that cannot use some or all of the Tax Attributes that may be deemed realized under the Tax Receivable Agreement.
Risks Related to our Corporate Governance
We are a “controlled company” within the meaning of the applicable rules of Nasdaq and, as a result, we qualify for exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements. To the extent we rely on such exemptions, our shareholders do not have the same protections afforded to shareholders of companies that are not controlled companies.
Brightstar owns a majority of the voting power of our Class A Common Stock. As a result, we are a “controlled company” under Nasdaq rules. As a controlled company, we are exempt from certain corporate governance requirements, including those that would otherwise require our Board to have a majority of independent directors and require that we either establish compensation and nominating and corporate governance committees, each comprised entirely of independent directors, or otherwise ensure that the compensation of our executive officers and nominees of directors are determined or recommended to our Board by independent members of our Board. To the extent we rely on one or more of these exemptions, holders of our Class A Common Stock do not have the same protections afforded to shareholders of companies that are subject to all of the Nasdaq corporate governance requirements.
QualTek Equityholders and the Sponsors have the right to elect a certain number of directors to our Board.
The terms of the Investor Rights Agreement provide the Sponsors the right to elect one director to the Board so long as the Sponsors hold 40% or more of our outstanding Class A Common Stock. In addition,
 
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the pre-Business Combination holders of QualTek HoldCo equity (the “QualTek Equityholders”) are entitled pursuant to the Investor Rights Agreement to select up to seven directors, depending on the percentage of our outstanding Class A Common Stock held by them. The remaining director will be selected jointly by the Sponsors and the QualTek Equityholders. See “Description of Securities”.
Pursuant to these provisions, the Sponsor designated Sam Chawla to assume a seat on our Board upon the consummation of the Business Combination and the QualTek Equityholders designated Christopher S. Hisey, Matthew Allard, Andrew Weinberg, Sam Totusek, Roger Bulloch and Maha Eltobgy to assume the other seats as directors. Jigisha Desai and Daniel Lafond have been jointly selected to serve on the Board as directors. As a result of these provisions, it is unlikely that public stockholders of the Company will have the ability to effectively influence the election of directors during the period these provisions of the Investor Rights Agreement are applicable. While the directors designated pursuant to the Investor Rights Agreement are obligated to act in accordance with their applicable fiduciary duties, their interests may be aligned with the interests of the investors they represent, which may not always coincide with our corporate interests or the interests of our other stockholders.
Anti-takeover provisions contained in the Certificate of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws, as well as provisions of Delaware law, could impair a takeover attempt.
The Certificate of Incorporation contains provisions that may discourage unsolicited takeover proposals that stockholders may consider to be in their best interests. The Company is also subject to anti-takeover provisions under Delaware law, which could delay or prevent a change of control. Together these provisions may make more difficult the removal of management and may discourage transactions that otherwise could involve payment of a premium over prevailing market prices for the Company’s securities. These provisions are described in the Certificate of Incorporation and in the Amended and Restated Bylaws.
The Certificate of Incorporation provides that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware and the federal district courts of the United States of America will be the exclusive forums for substantially all disputes between the Company and its stockholders, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with the Company or its directors, officers, or employees.
The Certificate of Incorporation provides that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware is the exclusive forum for:

any derivative action or proceeding brought on its behalf;

any action asserting a breach of fiduciary duty by any director, officer, other employee or Company stockholder to us or to our stockholders;

any action asserting a claim against the Company arising under the Delaware General Corporation Law, the Certificate of Incorporation, or the Amended and Restated Bylaws; and

any action asserting a claim against us, our directors, officers, other employees or the Company stockholders arising pursuant to any provision of the DGCL, the Certificate of Incorporation or the Amended and Restated Bylaws, or (iv) any action asserting a claim against us, our directors, officers, other employees or Company stockholders governed by the internal affairs doctrine under Delaware law shall be brought, to the fullest extent permitted by law, solely and exclusively in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware; provided, however, that, in the event that the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware lacks subject matter jurisdiction over any such actions, the Certificate of Incorporation provides that the sole and exclusive forum shall be another state or federal court located within the State of Delaware, in each such case, unless the Court of Chancery (or such other state or federal court located within the State of Delaware, as applicable) has dismissed a prior action by the same plaintiff asserting the same claims because such court lacked personal jurisdiction over an indispensable party named as a defendant.
In addition, the Certificate of Incorporation requires, unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, that the federal district courts of the United States of America shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, be the sole and exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action arising under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. This provision in the Certificate of
 
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Incorporation does not address or apply to claims that arise under the Exchange Act; however, Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder.
Although we believe this provision benefits us by providing increased consistency in the application of law in the types of lawsuits to which it applies, a court may determine that this provision is unenforceable, and to the extent it is enforceable, the provision may have the effect of discouraging lawsuits against our directors and officers.
 
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USE OF PROCEEDS
All of the Class A Common Stock and warrants offered by the Selling Stockholders pursuant to this prospectus will be sold by the Selling Stockholders for their respective accounts. All of the Class A Common Stock and 2027 Convertible Notes offered by the Selling Noteholders pursuant to this prospectus will be sold by the Selling Noteholders for their respective accounts. We will not receive any of the proceeds from these sales.
The Selling Securityholders will pay any underwriting fees, discounts, selling commissions, stock transfer taxes and certain legal expenses incurred by such Selling Securityholders in disposing of their securities, and we will bear all other costs, fees and expenses incurred in effecting the registration of the securities covered by this prospectus, including, without limitation, all registration and filing fees, Nasdaq listing fees and fees and expenses of our counsel and our independent registered public accountants.
We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of Class A Common Stock or 2027 Convertible Notes by the Selling Securityholders. With respect to the shares of Class A Common Stock underlying the warrants, we will not receive any proceeds from such shares except with respect to amounts received by us upon exercise of such warrants to the extent such warrants are exercised for cash. We intend to use any such proceeds for general corporate purposes.
 
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DETERMINATION OF OFFERING PRICE
Our Class A Common Stock and warrants are listed on Nasdaq under the symbols “QTEK” and “QTEKW,” respectively. The 2027 Convertible Notes will not be listed on any securities exchange.
The actual offering price by the Selling Stockholders of the shares of Class A Common Stock and the warrants and by the Selling Noteholders of the shares of Class A Common Stock and the 2027 Convertible Notes covered by this prospectus will be determined by prevailing market prices at the time of sale, by private transactions negotiated by the Selling Securityholders or as otherwise described in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution.”
 
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UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Unless otherwise indicated, defined terms included below shall have the same meaning as terms defined and included elsewhere in this prospectus. For the purposes of this section, “Combined Company” means QualTek Services Inc. and “QualTek” means QualTek HoldCo, LLC (f/k/a BCP QualTek HoldCo, LLC).
The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information presents the combination of the financial information of QualTek and ROCR adjusted to give effect to the Business Combination. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information has been prepared in accordance with Regulation S-X Article 11, Pro Forma Financial Information, as amended by the final rule, Release No. 33-10786; Amendments to Financial Disclosures about Acquired and Disposed Businesses.
Introduction
ROCR is a special purpose acquisition company whose purpose is to acquire, through a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or other similar business combination with one or more businesses. ROCR was incorporated in Delaware on February 13, 2019, as Roth CH Acquisition III Co.
On March 5, 2021, ROCR consummated its IPO of 11,500,000 of Units, each consisting of one share of Common Stock and one-quarter of one redeemable Warrant, at a price of $10.00 per Unit, generating gross proceeds of $115.0 million, including the exercise of the underwriters’ over-allotment option. Simultaneously with the closing of the IPO, ROCR completed the private sale of an aggregate of 408,000 Private Units to its Initial Stockholders at a purchase price of $10.00 per unit, generating gross proceeds of approximately $4.1 million. Each Private Unit consists of one share of Common Stock and one-quarter of one redeemable Warrant, with each whole Warrant entitling the holder thereof to purchase one share of Common Stock for $11.50 per share. Following the closing of the IPO, approximately $115.0 million from the net proceeds of the sale of the Units in the IPO and the sale of the Private Units was placed in a Trust Account invested only in U.S. government treasury bills, notes and bonds with a maturity of 185 days or less or in money market funds meeting certain conditions under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act and which invest solely in U.S. Treasuries. Except for all interest income that may be released to us to pay our tax obligations, none of the funds held in the Trust Account will be released from the Trust Account until the earlier of: (i) the consummation of our initial business combination within 24 months from the closing of the IPO and (ii) a redemption to public stockholders prior to any voluntary winding-up in the event we do not consummate our initial business combination within the applicable period.
QualTek, through its subsidiaries, is a leading provider of communication infrastructure services including engineering, installation, fulfillment and program management, renewable energy solutions, and business continuity and disaster recovery support, delivering a full suite of critical services to the North American telecommunications and power sectors.
The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2021 combines the audited consolidated statement of operations of ROCR for the year ended December 31, 2021 with the audited consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss of QualTek for the year ended December 31, 2021. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations and comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2021 gives effect as if the Business Combination and the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, summarized below, had been consummated on January 1, 2021, the beginning of the earliest period presented. The transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement that are given pro forma effect include:

the reverse recapitalization between the Merger Subs and QualTek;

the actual redemption of Common Stock held by ROCR’s public stockholders;

the net proceeds from the issuance of ROCR common stock in the PIPE investment;

the conversion of the Pre-PIPE Notes into Class B Common Stock; and

the issuance of the Exchangeable Notes by ROCR.
 
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The pro forma condensed combined financial information may not be useful in predicting the future financial conditions and results of operations of the Combined Company. The actual financial position and results of operation may differ significantly from the pro forma amounts reflected herein due to a variety of factors.
The historical financial information of QualTek was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021 included in this prospectus. This information should be read together with QualTek’s audited financial statements and related notes, and the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of QualTek” included in this prospectus.
The Business Combination will be accounted for as a reverse recapitalization, in accordance with GAAP. Under this method of accounting, ROCR will be treated as the “acquired” company for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the Business Combination will be treated as the equivalent of QualTek issuing stock for the net assets of ROCR, accompanied by a recapitalization. The net assets of ROCR will be stated at historical cost, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded. Operations prior to the Business Combination will be those of QualTek.
QualTek’s and ROCR’s management have made significant estimates and assumptions in its determination of the pro forma adjustments. The pro forma adjustments, which are described in the accompanying notes, may be revised as additional information becomes available and is evaluated. Therefore, it is likely that the actual adjustments will differ from the pro forma adjustments, and it is possible the differences may be material. Management believes that its assumptions and methodologies provide a reasonable basis for presenting all of the significant effects of the Business Combination based on information available to management at the time and that the pro forma adjustments give appropriate effect to those assumptions and are properly applied in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information.
QualTek has been determined to be the accounting acquirer based on evaluation of the following facts and circumstances:

QualTek will have the largest single voting interest block in the Combined Company;

QualTek will hold executive management roles for the Combined Company and be responsible for the day-to-day operations;

QualTek will have the ability to nominate all but two members of the Board following the closing of the Business Combination;

The Combined Company will assume QualTek’s name; and

The intended strategy of the Combined Company will continue QualTek’s current strategy of being a leader in communication infrastructure and renewable solutions.
The following summarize the pro forma common stock outstanding, which excludes the Private Warrants and the Public Warrants:
Shares
%
Existing QualTek equityholders
30,688,837 60%
ROCR Public Shares
100,409 0%
Founder and Private Shares
3,283,000 6%
Pre-PIPE Shares
6,937,500 14%
PIPE Shares(1)
3,989,000 8%
Earnout Shares
6,111,111 12%
Total Common Stock
51,109,857
(1)
BCP entities will hold 750,000 of the total 3,989,000 PIPE Shares.
The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is for illustrative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of what the actual results of operations and financial position would have
 
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been had the Business Combination and the related transactions occurred on the dates indicated, nor are they indicative of the future consolidated results of operations or financial position of the Combined Company. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is based on information and assumptions which are described in the accompanying notes.
The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2021 is based on the historical financial statements of ROCR and QualTek. The unaudited pro forma adjustments are based on information currently available, and assumptions and estimates underlying the unaudited pro forma adjustments are described in the accompanying notes. Actual results may differ materially from the assumptions used to present the accompanied unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information.
 
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Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Loss For the Year
Ended December 31, 2021
(In thousands, except per share data)
For the Year Ended
December 31, 2021
For the Year
Ended
December 31,
2021
For the Year
Ended
December 31,
2021
QualTek
Historical
QualTek
Adjustments
QualTek
As
Adjusted
ROCR
Historical
Transaction
Accounting
adjustments
Pro Forma
Combined
Revenue
$ 612,241 $ $ 612,241 $ $ $ 612,241
Costs and expenses:
Cost of revenues
502,688 502,688 502,688
General and administrative
50,994 50,994 4,771 55,765
Transaction expenses
3,826 3,826 5,435
BB
9,261
Loss on legal settlement
2,600 2,600 2,600
Change in fair value of contingent consideration
(4,780) (4,780) (4,780)
Impairment of goodwill
52,487 52,487 52,487
Depreciation and amortization
53,675 53,675 53,675
Total costs and expenses
661,490 661,490 4,771 5,435 671,696
Income from operations
(49,249) (49,249) (4,771) (5,435) (59,455)
Other income (expense):
Gain on sale/disposal of property and equipment
587 587 587
Interest expense
(50,477) 12,520
AA
(37,957) (16,396)
HH
(51,701)
2,652
II
Loss on extinguishment of debt
(2,436) (2,436) (2,436)
Change in fair value of warrants
(114) (114)
Interest earned on marketable securities held in Trust Account
10 (10)
CC
Total other income (expense)
(52,326) 12,520 (39,806) (104) (13,754) (53,664)
Income tax benefit
1,754
DD
1,754
Loss from continuing operations
(101,575) 12,520 (89,055) (4,875) (17,435) (111,365)
Loss from discontinued operations
(8,851) (8,851) (8,851)
Net loss
$ (110,426) $ 12,520 $ (97,906) $ (4,875) $ (17,435) $ (120,216)
Other comprehensive income:
Foreign currency translation adjustment
111 111 111
Comprehensive loss
(110,315) 12,520 (97,795) (4,875) (17,435) (120,105)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(65,376)
FF
(65,376)
Net loss attributable to controlling interest
(54,729)
 
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For the Year Ended
December 31, 2021
For the Year
Ended
December 31,
2021
For the Year
Ended
December 31,
2021
QualTek
Historical
QualTek
Adjustments
QualTek
As
Adjusted
ROCR
Historical
Transaction
Accounting
adjustments
Pro Forma
Combined
Loss per share:
Basic and diluted net loss per share from continuing operations
$ (8.70)
Basic and diluted net loss per share from discontinued operations
$ (0.75)
Basic and diluted net loss per share
$ (9.45)
Basic and diluted weighted average Class A
common shares outstanding
11,859,955
Basic and diluted net loss per share, redeemable common stock
$ (0.39)
Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding, redeemable common
stock
9,483,562
Basic and diluted net loss per share, non-redeemable common stock
$ (0.39)
Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding, non-redeemable common stock
3,145,707
Basic and diluted net loss per share from continuing operations
$ (2.54)
Basic and diluted weighted average common
shares outstanding
19,296,348
 
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Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information
1.
Basis of Presentation
The Business Combination will be accounted for as a reverse recapitalization in accordance with GAAP. Under this method of accounting, ROCR will be treated as the “acquired” company for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the Business Combination will be treated as the equivalent of QualTek issuing stock for the net assets of ROCR, accompanied by a recapitalization. The net assets of ROCR will be stated at historical cost, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded. Operations prior to the Business Combination will be those of QualTek.
The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations and comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2021 gives pro forma effect to the Business Combination as if it had been completed on January 1, 2021. The period is presented on the basis of QualTek as the accounting acquirer.
The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information has been derived from and should be read in conjunction with, the following historical financial statements and the accompanying notes:

The historical audited consolidated financial statements of QualTek as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021 included in this prospectus.
Management has made significant estimates and assumptions in its determination of the pro forma adjustments based on information available as of the date of this prospectus. The pro forma adjustments, which are described in the accompanying notes, may be revised as additional information becomes available and is evaluated. Therefore, it is likely that the actual adjustments will differ from the pro forma adjustments, and it is possible the differences may be material. Management believes that its assumptions and methodologies provide a reasonable basis for presenting all of the significant effects of the Business Combination based on information available to management at the time and that the pro forma adjustments give appropriate effect to those assumptions and are properly applied in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information.
The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information does not give effect to any anticipated synergies, operating efficiencies, tax savings or cost savings that may be associated with the Business Combination.
The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is not necessarily indicative of what the actual results of operations and financial position would have been had the Business Combination taken place on the dates indicated, nor are they indicative of the future consolidated results of operations or financial position of the Combined Company. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information should be read in conjunction with the historical financial statements and notes thereto of ROCR and QualTek.
2.
Accounting Policies
Upon consummation of the Business Combination, the Combined Company will perform a comprehensive review of the two entities’ accounting policies. As a result of the review, management may identify differences between the accounting policies of the two entities which, when conformed, could have a material impact on the financial statements of the Combined Company.
3.
Adjustments to Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information
The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information has been prepared to illustrate the effect of the Business Combination and has been prepared for informational purposes only.
The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information has been prepared in accordance with Regulation S-X Article 11, Pro Forma Financial Information, as amended by the final rule, Release No. 33-10786; Amendments to Financial Disclosures about Acquired and Disposed Businesses Release No. 33-10786 replaces the existing pro forma adjustment criteria with simplified requirements to depict the accounting for the transaction (“Transaction Accounting Adjustments”) and present the reasonably
 
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estimable synergies and other transaction effects that have occurred or are reasonably expected to occur (“Management’s Adjustments”). QualTek has elected not to present Management’s Adjustments and will only be presenting Transaction Accounting Adjustments in the following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information. In addition, we will present adjustments to QualTek’s historical financial statements (“QualTek Adjustments”), which represent transactions that have occurred in anticipation of the Business Combination that are required to be presented to illustrate the effects of the Business Combination on a pro forma basis.
The pro forma basic and diluted loss per share amounts presented in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations are based upon the number of the Combined Company’s shares outstanding, assuming the Business Combination occurred on January 1, 2021.
Adjustment to Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
The pro forma adjustments included in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations for the year ended December 31, 2021 are as follows:
(AA)
Reflects elimination of interest expense on the QualTek convertible notes for the year ended December 31, 2021.
(BB)
Reflects the total estimated transaction costs in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations and comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2021. Transaction costs are reflected as if incurred on January 1, 2021, the date the Business Combination occurred for the purposes of the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations and comprehensive loss. This is a non-recurring item.
(CC)
Reflects elimination of investment income on the Trust Account.
(DD)
Reflects the adjustment to income tax benefit as a result of the tax impact on pro forma net loss from continuing operations attributable to ROCR at the estimated combined federal and state statutory tax rate of 26.3%.
(EE)
Reflects the reclassification of operating and formation costs to general and administrative expenses.
(FF)
Represents the allocation of net loss to the non-controlling interests due to the Common Units held by BCP and certain members of QualTek management upon closing. The amounts have been calculated as follows:
(in thousands)
For the Year ended
December 31, 2021
Pro Forma Combined Loss from continuing operations
$ (111,365)
Pro Forma Combined Income tax benefit
(1,754)
Pro Forma Combined Pre-tax Loss from continuing operations
(113,119)
Retained interest of QualTek equityholders
58%
Pro Forma Combined Loss from continuing operations related to noncontrolling interest
$ (65,376)
(GG)
Represents the loss on debt extinguishment related to the Company’s expected conversion of the Pre-PIPE Convertible Notes at close. This is a non-recurring item.
(HH)
Represents interest expense on the expected Exchangeable Note Investment at close. The adjustment amounts have been calculated as follows:
(in thousands)
For the Year ended
December 31, 2021
Interest expense related to Exchangeable Note Investment
$ 14,650
Amortization of deferred financing fees
1,746
Total pro forma adjustment
$ 16,396
 
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Interest expense on the Exchangeable Notes has been calculated assuming a 11.75% annual interest rate. A 0.125% change in the estimated interest rate on the variable rate Exchangeable Note Investment would result in an increase or decrease in the pro forma annual interest expense of approximately $0.2 million.
(II)
Reflects the elimination of the line of credit’s interest expense of $2.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, assuming the paydown of the line of credit’s outstanding balance in conjunction with the Business Combination as if it occurred on January 1, 2021.
4.
Loss per share
The unaudited pro forma condensed combined basic and diluted net loss per share is calculated using the historical weighted average shares outstanding, and the issuance of additional shares in connection with the Business Combination, assuming the shares were outstanding at January 1, 2021. As the Business Combination and related transactions are being reflected as if they had occurred at the beginning of the period presented, the calculation of weighted average shares outstanding for basic and diluted net (loss) per share assumes that the shares issuable relating to the Business Combination have been outstanding for the entire period presented.
Pro forma basic and diluted net loss per share has been prepared using actual redemptions by the Company’s public stockholders of shares of Class A Common Stock for cash equal to their pro rata share of the aggregate amount on deposit in the Trust Account for the period presented.
In accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, the Earnout Shares will be considered legally issued and outstanding shares of common stock issued to the historical Blocker and QualTek owners, subject to restrictions on transfer and voting described in the section entitled “The Business Combination Agreement — The Earnout Shares and Earnout Common Units” within the Proxy Statement. The 2.3 million Blocker Owner Earnout Shares are entitled to receive, ratably with the other outstanding Class A Common Stock, dividends, and other distributions prior to vesting, at which point they become issued common stock. The 3.8 million Earnout Voting Shares have only voting rights and therefore are not entitled to receive any distributions. For additional information on the Earnout Shares, refer to the section entitled “The Business Combination Agreement — The Earnout Shares and Earnout Common Units” within the Proxy Statement.
Pro forma basic and diluted net loss per share is presented in conformity with the two-class method required for participating securities, as the Blocker Owner Earnout Shares are considered participating securities. The net loss per share amounts is the same for Class A Common Stock and the Blocker Owner Earnout Shares because the holders of each are legally entitled to equal per share earnings, losses, and distributions, whether through dividends or liquidation. Shares of Class B Common Stock do not participate in the earnings or losses of the Combined Company and, therefore, are not participating securities. As such, a separate presentation of basic and diluted earnings per share of Class B Common Stock under the two-class method has not been presented.
Pro Forma Combined
(in thousands except share and per share data)
For the Year ended
December 31, 2021
Pro forma net loss attributable to the controlling interest (in thousands)
$ (54,729)
Less: undistributed loss attributable to Class A Earnout Shares
(5,772)
Pro forma loss from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders (in thousands) – basic
$ (48,957)
Weighted average common shares outstanding – basic and diluted
19,296,348
Net loss per share – basic and diluted
$ (2.54)
Weighted average common shares calculation
Existing QualTek Equity Holders
11,923,939
ROCR Public Shareholders
100,409
Founder Shares
3,283,000
Pre-PIPE Investors
PIPE Investors
3,989,000
Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted
19,296,348
 
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The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements reflect a net loss in the period presented and therefore the effect of the following securities are not included in the calculation of diluted loss per share as including them would have had an anti-dilutive effect:
Pro Forma Combined
Excluded from the calculation(1)
Class B Common Stock
29,538,575
Private Warrants
102,000
Public Warrants
25,102
Exchangeable Notes
12,468,500
Total potentially dilutive shares excluded from calculation
42,134,177
(1)
This table excludes Earnout Voting Shares as the earnout contingency has not been met at period end.
 
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BUSINESS
Overview
We are a technology-driven, leading provider of communications infrastructure services, power grid modernization, and renewables solutions to the North American telecommunications and utilities industries. We provide a variety of mission-critical services across the telecom and renewable energy value chain, including wireline and fiber optic terminations, wireless, FTTH and customer fulfillment activities. Our experienced management team has leveraged our technical expertise, rigorous quality and safety standards, and execution track record to establish and maintain long-standing relationships with blue-chip customers.
We operate out of two business segments: Telecom and Renewables & Recovery Logistics. Telecom consists of wireless, wireline, and power, which represents 81% of our revenues for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021. We entered the renewable infrastructure sector with our acquisition of Fiber Network Solutions, LLC, now known as QualTek Renewables LLC (“Renewables”) in January 2021, which represents 5% of our revenues for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021. Recovery Logistics represents 14% of our revenues for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021.
Telecommunications
We provide a full suite of services to the telecom sector across both the wireless and wireline markets, from site acquisition and permitting to initial engineering and design to installation, maintenance, program management and fulfillment. Our core offerings consist of:

Engineering and construction services including the design and construction of aerial and underground fiber optic and coaxial systems for homes, businesses, cell towers, and small cells.

Installation services including the placement and splicing of fiber and coaxial cable, in addition to upgrades and new site builds for cellular towers.

Site acquisition services to determine the location for new sites prior to new site builds.

We also provide cable and satellite fulfillment services for residential and commercial customers. These services are provided for telecom companies in connection with the maintenance or expansion of new and existing networks.
While the telecommunications industry is naturally concentrated, we maintain customer diversification across our business segments. We have numerous long-established relationships with telephone companies, wireless carriers, multiple cable system operators and electric utilities companies, which have been built upon and cultivated through numerous MSAs that extend for periods of one or more years (majority are for three or more years, some of which have auto-renewal provisions). Blue-chip, investment grade customers including AT&T, Verizon, COX Communications, T-Mobile, Spectrum, and Comcast comprise a substantial portion of our revenue.
Within our Telecommunications segment we also provide electrical contracting, and utility construction and maintenance services. We construct and maintain overhead and underground distribution systems for municipalities, electric membership cooperatives, and electric-utility companies.
Renewables and Recovery Logistics
We entered the renewable infrastructure sector with our acquisition of Renewables in January 2021. Renewables is a full-service provider of fiber optic and electrical services, focusing primarily on renewable energy projects. Our capabilities in the space include expertise in wind and solar farm fiber, installation, and testing, OPGW & ADSS aerial transmission line installation, and large-scale data com solutions and installation.
In serving our customers, we provide fiber optic terminations, OTDR and power meter testing, fusion splicing, fiber placement, extensive fiber optic and copper infrastructure installation, cable jetting, boring and trenching, industry specific maintenance and material procurement.
 
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We also provide business continuity and disaster relief services to telecommunications and power utility companies, as well as BAU services such as generator storage and repair and cell maintenance services.
Geographic Presence
Our consolidated business has a national footprint with approximately 80 service locations across the U.S., strategically located in close proximity to major customers and growing markets. Our geographic footprint has grown to its present state both organically and through strategic acquisitions. QualTek serves markets locally through a dedicated in-house employee base of approximately 1,900 employees and a workforce of over 5,000 individuals (inclusive of in-house employees). Ultimately, we are a technology-driven provider of communications infrastructure services and solutions to the North American telecommunications and utilities industries, and we believe we are well-positioned for continued growth.
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Industry Overview
Telecommunications
Significant advances in technology and rapid innovation in service offerings to data consumers have substantially increased demand for faster and more reliable wireless and wireline/fiber communications network services. The 2020 CISCO Report predicts that by 2023, North Americans will have 5 billion networked devices/connections, up from 3 billion in 2018, with a nearly tripling of broadband and wireless speeds (measured in Mbps) over the same time period.
With the proliferation of mobile devices, advancements in the “internet of things,” or IoT, and segments of the workforce permanently shifting to remote work post-COVID-19, network traffic is at an all-time high and is expected to continue to grow, generating demand for both wired and wireless connectivity. Increased data usage is driven by two key dynamics: i) an increase in the number of internet-enabled devices per capita and ii) an increase in connection speed. The 2020 Cisco Report provides that devices and connections are growing faster (10% CAGR) than both the population (1% CAGR) and internet users (6% CAGR). As a result, devices and connections per household and per capita in North America are expected to grow 63%, up from 8.2 in 2018 to 13.4 by 2023.
 
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COVID-19 has further catalyzed network traffic growth by creating permanent shifts away from the office and into the home. Per a 2020 Gartner report, 75% of companies are planning to permanently shift to remote work post COVID-19, which will continue to drive consumer demand for high-speed home office connectivity.
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Low levels of fiber penetration and the nascent state of North American 5G deployment currently present significant opportunities for sustained growth for businesses such as QualTek:

Wireless:   Major carriers have continued to expand wireless network capacity and density with accelerated development and planned implementation of 5G wireless technologies. The increased speed and capacity that will result from deployment of 5G technology will require additional and improved tower capacity with higher data frequencies, as well as deployment of numerous higher bandwidth small cells to “densify” network performance. Wireless technology will need to be supported by fiber backbone and as a result, many carriers have committed to investing in the fiber infrastructure buildout.

Wired:   Telecommunication companies have also deployed capital and initiatives to improve fiber connectivity. Only about 10-15% of total broadband connections in the U.S. are provisioned by fiber, as compared to over 50% in other developed countries such as South Korea, Sweden and Finland. Importantly, with only about 47 million U.S. homes (about 37% as per the Fiber Broadband Association) passed with fiber in 2019, over 100 million U.S. homes represent opportunities for fiber passing over the next several years, indicating a massive investment cycle that is still in early stages.
 
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Renewable and Recovery Logistics
In 2017 and 2018, solar PV and onshore wind consolidated their dominance in the renewable energy market, representing on average 77% of total finance commitments in renewable energy. The highly modular nature of these technologies, their short project development lead times, increasing competitiveness driven by technology and manufacturing improvements, and government regulations play an important role in explaining these technologies’ large share of global renewable energy investment.
Investment in offshore wind has picked up, attracting, on average, $21 billion a year globally between 2013 and 2018, and representing 8% of the total renewable capacity addition in 2018. According to IRENA, offshore wind holds considerable growth potential and will have a key role to play in achieving a level of deployment to support a decarbonized growth trajectory.
 
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The Biden administration is expected to amplify this increase in spending for renewable power projects. For example, since his first day in office, President Biden has rejoined the 2015 Paris Agreement, committed to investing $400 billion in the next ten years in clean energy and innovation, and set a goal to achieve a carbon pollution-free power sector by 2035. We believe that this will translate into significant government spending in renewables to meet this goal, and also government regulations and policies that promote spending in the renewables space across various sectors of the economy. We believe that the Biden administration’s commitment to renewable energy will create ripple effects across the nation and ultimately lead to more opportunities for us to expand our business with customers.
Competitive Strengths
Culture of Operational Excellence that Resonates with Established Blue-Chip Customer Base
QualTek analyzes and evaluates key performance metrics, from customer satisfaction to technical issues in the field, hiring processes and working capital management. We have fostered a culture of continuous improvement and our operational excellence is reflected in our ability to take market share. Our decentralized operations create multiple points of contact with our customers, including Fortune 500 companies such as AT&T, Verizon, Comcast, Blattner Energy, Kiewit, and Dish thereby generating numerous individual relationships and contract opportunities per customer.
Highly Scalable Shared Services Platform Driven by Tech-Enabled Capabilities
QualTek provides full turnkey services to its customers. Our significant investment over the years to optimize our platform and technology has created a highly scalable business ready to support continued growth. For example, a centralized shared services system provides us with a competitive advantage for operational execution of customer services, process consistency and cross division sharing of “best practices,” resulting in enhanced efficiency and scalability. To maintain this operational excellence, we conduct disciplined measuring of KPIs with quality control for every division to ensure industry-leading execution capabilities.
Significant Revenue and Backlog Visibility
Our backlog consists of the estimated amount of revenue we expect to realize from future work on uncompleted contracts, including new contracts under which work has not begun, as well as revenue from change orders and renewal options. A significant portion of our 24-month backlog is attributable to master service agreements and other service agreements, none of which require our customers to purchase a minimum amount of services and are cancelable on short or no advance notice. Backlog amounts are determined based on estimates that incorporate historical trends, anticipated seasonal impacts, experience from similar projects and estimates of customer demand based on communications with our customers.
Our long-standing relationships with blue-chip, investment grade customers enable us to understand our customers’ needs and expand our backlog. Our backlog provides long-term visibility into a recurring and growing revenue base. QualTek has significant revenue visibility given our estimated $2.1 billion two-year backlog of which $2.0 billion relates to our Telecom segment and $0.1 billion relates to our Renewables & Recovery Logistics segment.
Backlog is not a measure defined by GAAP and should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, GAAP results. Participants in our industry often disclose a calculation of their backlog; however, our methodology for determining backlog may not be comparable to the methodologies used by others. There can be no assurance as to our customers’ requirements or if actual results will be consistent with the estimates included in our forecasts. As a result, our backlog as of any particular date is an uncertain indicator of future revenue and earnings.
Proven Acquisition Strategy with Successful Integration Process
Our management team has demonstrated the success of its unique M&A strategy through the successful identification and integration of nine add-ons in the last three-and-a-half years, including four during 2021. QualTek’s successful M&A history demonstrates our extensive experience in identifying synergistic targets
 
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and successfully integrating them into our platform. QualTek enables a quick and seamless integration process by onboarding the target business onto QualTek’s supporting IT infrastructure, leveraging our QVision platform to standardize performance within the target business to meet the standard of quality that QualTek delivers.
Our M&A activity has also successfully diversified our revenue base across a number of high quality customers in both the telecommunication and renewable energy sectors, with continued emphasis on providing complementary service offerings to drive cross-sell and capture market share and we expect to continue acquiring target companies at accretive multiples.
World-Class Talent and Management Team
QualTek is led by highly experienced management team that is positioned to drive market share capture and capitalize on sector momentum. Our senior management team has an average of 25+ years of individual industry experience and has worked together for a considerable period of time. Our team is well suited to establish and maintain long-standing relationships with blue-chip customers as a result of our technical expertise, rigorous quality and safety standards, and execution track record.
Strategic Regional Presence across the U.S.
QualTek has a national footprint with approximately 80 strategically located service locations across the U.S. in close proximity to our major customers, allowing us to respond to customer demand swiftly and efficiently. Our presence in multiple regions gives us valuable insight into local market drivers and customer demand, thereby enabling us to provide bespoke services in each market. Due to this presence, QualTek has also built deep relationships with local customers that help drive business development, project execution, and cross-sell opportunities. QualTek serves markets locally through a dedicated in-house employee base of approximately 1,900 employees and its activities provide work for over 5,000 people through the use of subcontracting firms to access a deeper and more flexible labor pool to efficiently deliver on engagements across the region.
Growth Strategy
Expand Service Offerings & Solutions while Leveraging Contract Opportunities
QualTek’s complementary service offering creates an opportunity for us to grow our business with customers in two core ways: by winning more contracts and cross-selling services. We anticipate growth in our Telecom business as spectrum continues to become available. Additionally, we plan to cross-sell our full-suite of wireless services to our existing customer base.
In our Renewables & Recovery Logistics segment, we see significant opportunity to leverage existing customers and footprint for incremental projects. We also expect the Biden administration to promote more spending in renewables, not only through government contracts, but also in other sectors and businesses that will in turn reinvest in renewable energy solutions.
Scaled Growth Leader in the Early Stage of a Multi-Year Telecom and Renewables Infrastructure Spend Cycle
We believe that QualTek is poised to capitalize on attractive industry dynamics and tailwinds. Increasing data consumption across multiple platforms, continued growth of mobile data demand, increasing popularity of video streaming services, and continued expansion of fiber networks are all drivers of carrier demand for network infrastructure. This exponential increase in data traffic will require an upgraded network infrastructure and deeper fiber penetration to serve as the foundation for 5G wireless technology moving forward. Every major carrier, including Verizon and AT&T, has publicly committed to investing in the fiber and 5G build-out.
Continued Value Creation Through Strategic M&A
Since 2012, QualTek has successfully leveraged the experience and track record of our seasoned management team to identify and integrate tuck-in opportunities, which have aided in our growth both
 
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organically and inorganically. In the past three-and-a-half years, we have successfully acquired and integrated nine targets. Our origination process is largely centered on management’s deep relationships across the industry, which enable us to actively identify strategic targets in attractive markets or with complementary, value-added service capabilities. Thus, we have a continually evolving platform of high quality potential targets.
QualTek also has a successful history of integrating tuck-ins and providing a conducive environment for target management to achieve earnouts. We are able to leverage our proprietary technology-driven and highly scalable shared services platform to seamlessly integrate and grow the acquisition targets. Over time, we often see a reduction in our acquisition multiple (between pre-acquisition EBITDA multiple and post-acquisition EBITDA multiple) as QualTek realizes significant growth synergies and expands its business with customers.
Our Services and Solutions
We are a leading, one-stop infrastructure solutions provider at the epicenter of the 5G and renewables buildout. To serve our customers, we operate in two distinct segments: Telecom, which includes our wireless and wireline engineering and construction services along with our electrical construction and maintenance services, and Renewables & Recovery Logistics.
[MISSING IMAGE: tm2219462d1-ph_qualtek4clr.jpg]
Telecommunications
Our Telecom segment helps our clients build and maintain better, more reliable networks across the United States. We are able to provide technology-driven, field-based critical services across every stage of the network life-cycle for the telecommunications industry and power utility industry. This segment is composed of three sub-segments of services: wireless, wireline and power.
Wireless
This sub-segment operates under the brand QualTek Wireless as a turnkey provider of installation, project management, maintenance, real estate, and site acquisition to major wireless carriers. Some other services offered include:

Architecture and Engineering

Permitting

Program and Construction Management

Construction and Integration
 
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Site Acquisition

Real Estate
Wireline
This sub-segment provides fiber optic aerial and underground installation, fiber optic splicing, termination & testing, new installation, engineering, and fulfillment services to major telecommunication companies. Other wireline services include:

Fiber Backhaul

Aerial Installation

Pole Upgrades

Fiber / Copper Splicing

Direction Drilling

Missile Boring

Trenching

OTDR Test / Certification

MDU Retro-Fits

MTU Builds
QualTek’s ability to implement smarter designs, increase utilization rates, and improve network performance all help lower operating expenses and increase profits for our customers. In the Wireless and Wireline sub-segments, QualTek has long-standing relationships with AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile, Dish, Comcast, Altice, amongst many other blue-chip names.
Power
This sub-segment provides electrical contracting, and utility construction and maintenance services to municipalities, electric membership cooperatives, and electric-utility companies, including the construction and maintenance of overhead and underground distribution systems. We provide comprehensive power line services including:

New-build Distribution Line Construction

Maintenance

Pole Replacements

Live-line Maintenance

Hardening and Reliability Services

Directional Boring

Underground Structures

Duct Bank Projects

Direct-Bury Conduit

Greenfield Residential Distribution
QualTek has the experience and the resources necessary to reliably deliver quality work for even the most complex and demanding overhead and underground ventures.
Renewables & Recovery Logistics
Our Renewables & Recovery Logistics segment provides end-to-end services for clients in the renewable energy sector and supports business continuity and disaster relief for clients in the telecommunications, power utility, and renewable energy industries.
 
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Renewables
This sub-segment operates under the brand QualTek Renewables and provides installation, testing, and maintenance for wind farms, solar farms, and fiber optic grids. Other QualTek Renewables services include:

Fiber Optic Terminations

OTDR and Power Meter Testing

Fusion Splicing

Fiber Replacement

Fiber Optic and Copper Infrastructure Installation

Cable Jetting

Boring & Trenching

Wind and Solar Farm fiber, installation, and testing

Large scale data communications solutions and installation

OPGW & ADSS Aerial transmission line installation
Our wind business comprises a majority of the revenue for our Renewables sub-segment for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021. Advanced wind turbines include a large number of sensors whose signals are prone to contamination from electrical interference from lightning strikes. It is increasingly common to use fiber optics to galvanically isolate such interfaces, which is more difficult and costly with copper wires. This not only limits the damage of any lightning strikes but also can help reduce the effects of power line noise on sensitive sensor readings. Fiber optics are used for both galvanic isolation purposes and data communications. In addition, offshore turbines are often situated five plus miles from the control center on land, making routine maintenance difficult and costly. As a result, wind turbine operators increasingly rely on complex sensors to monitor efficiently and schedule routine maintenance. Fiber optic cables are the preferred choice from a reliability and ease of maintenance perspective, especially at scale.
Our solar business services help support solar power generation by ensuring that our clients’ farms are running safely and efficiently. In a solar farm power generation system, large amounts of current are generated from the heat of the sun. In order to protect the equipment from current leakage, galvanic insulation becomes important to ensure the power system’s quality and reliability. Fiber optics offer insulation protection from high-voltage/current glitches and unwanted signals into power equipment controls and communication. In addition, fiber optic communication can cover longer link distance connections compared to copper wire. As the solar farms grow in size, monitoring and controlling all the solar panels requires long link distance connections, which is only possible with fiber optic cable.
Recovery Logistics
This sub-segment operates under the brand QualTek Recovery Logistics and provides business continuity, restoration, and disaster relief services to its clients, including AT&T, Verizon, Duke Energy, Gulf Power, and Entergy, amongst others. QualTek Recovery Logistics is able to deploy recovery teams from any one of QualTek’s approximately 80 locations, enabling rapid responses across North America. Some other services offered include:

Recovery Management

Transport Logistics

Temporary Shelter

Network Recovery

Fleet Services

Energy Resources
 
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Catering

Sanitation
Through our 2018 acquisition of Recovery Logistics, LLC (“RLI”), we transformed our recovery logistics sub-segment from a regional player with concentration in the Southeast to a fully national presence with a diversified customer base which can be served out of approximately 80 locations. RLI is a leading provider of business continuity and disaster recovery operations for the telecommunications and power utility sectors. RLI helps businesses recover from unplanned events, including hurricanes, winter storms and floods.
QualTek’s recent entry into the renewable energy space positions it to capitalize on sector tailwinds. Within Renewables, there is also significant opportunity for the Company to leverage existing customer relationships, as well as its footprint, to gain traction and win incremental projects. This also applies to QualTek’s Recovery Logistics sub-segment, as the Company may be able to cross-sell recurring maintenance and recovery services to capture incremental revenue and deepen penetration with existing customer relationships. Providing recovery logistics capabilities offers another touchpoint for the Company to deliver high value-added services, underlining QualTek’s extensive repertoire of end-to-end services.
We believe that revenue will continue to be propelled by the government’s focus and spending in the Renewables space, as well as QualTek’s commitment to expanding its service offerings and customer base, specifically in its Recovery Logistics sub-segment.
Contract Overview
QualTek has numerous MSAs with blue chip customers that extend for periods of one or more years, with a majority for three or more years, some of which have automatic renewals, providing meaningful revenue visibility. Generally, the Company maintains multiple agreements with each customer as different geographies and scopes of work are individually priced. Pricing is generally based on a fixed price per unit basis with up to hundreds of units priced in a single contract. Many contracts specify discrete billing milestones for each job to be performed. As an agreed-upon milestone is achieved, QualTek may bill for the work performed. Purchase orders for discrete projects are generally issued under an MSA. This allows for quantity adjustments for the number of tasks/units that are performed with respect to a project. There are also other adjustments such as “rock adders” that accommodate changes in scope versus original engineering plans. As these adjustments are billed continuously throughout the job, they are known and often accepted by the customer as the work proceeds, substantially reducing QualTek’s risk of having cost overruns. MSAs have historically been renewed creating sticky revenue.
QualTek utilizes a disciplined approach when bidding on new contracts and will decline to bid if management believes QualTek cannot deliver the quality that meets Company standards while achieving return targets. The Company’s approach in submitting a bid that meets target returns is based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to its:

Experience in understanding the true scope of the work and associated margin

Knowledge of local factors (i.e. resources, regional dynamics, work conditions, etc.) that will impact work to be performed

Ability to simultaneously “lock-in” labor rates with contracts for the work to be performed on fixed price per unit basis (“back-to-back” agreements with contractors)

Pass-through nature of material purchases
Due to the Company’s turnkey capabilities and high standard for quality control, QualTek often receives requests from customers to bid on new contract opportunities.
Backlog
Our backlog consists of the estimated amount of revenue we expect to realize from future work on uncompleted contracts, including new contracts under which work has not begun, as well as revenue from
 
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change orders and renewal options. A significant portion of our 24-month backlog is attributable to MSAs and other service agreements, none of which require our customers to purchase a minimum amount of services and are cancelable on short or no advance notice. Backlog amounts are determined based on estimates that incorporate historical trends, anticipated seasonal impacts, experience from similar projects and estimates of customer demand based on communications with our customers.
QualTek maintains strong potential revenue visibility through its two-year estimated backlog. Consistent with standard practice across the industry, QualTek calculates its estimated backlog for work under MSAs and other service agreements (including issued purchase orders) based on historical trends, anticipated seasonal impacts, experience from similar projects and estimates of customer demand based on communications with our customers. We have a two-year aggregate backlog of $2.1 billion of which $2.0 billion relates to our Telecom segment and $0.1 billion relates to our Renewables & Recovery Logistics segment.
Backlog is not a measure defined by GAAP and should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, GAAP results. Participants in our industry often disclose a calculation of their backlog; however, our methodology for determining backlog may not be comparable to the methodologies used by others. There can be no assurance as to our customers’ requirements or if actual results will be consistent with the estimates included in our forecasts. As a result, our backlog as of any particular date is an uncertain indicator of future revenue and earnings.
Facilities
QualTek’s headquarters are located in an approximately 39,000 square foot facility that we lease in Blue Bell, Pennsylvania. Our lease of this facility expires in 2031, and we have the option to extend the lease for an additional five-year period. QualTek has properties related to its operations in approximately 80 locations. QualTek’s management believes that its properties have been well maintained, are in good condition, and are adequate to meet our current needs.
Human Capital Resources
Our employees are critical to our success. In order to best service our customers, QualTek utilizes a hybrid in-house & contracted labor model to flex our workforce in real-time. As of December 31, 2021, the Company had a workforce of approximately 840 in the Midwest, 1,450 in the West, 600 in the Southwest, 820 in the Southeast, and 1,515 in the Northeast. The Northeast workforce included approximately 100 corporate employees that support all regions. Our executive leadership team averages over 25 years of industry or functional experience. To date, we have not experienced any work stoppages and consider our relationship with our employees to be in good standing.
Government Regulations
We are subject to state and federal laws that apply to businesses generally, including laws and regulations related to labor relations, wages, worker safety and environmental protection. While many of our customers operate in regulated industries (for example, utilities regulated by the public service commission or communications companies regulated by the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”)), we are not generally subject to such regulation and oversight.
In addition to environmental laws and regulations, as a contractor, our operations are subject to various laws, including:

regulations related to worker safety and health, including those established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and state equivalents;

regulations related to vehicle registrations, including those of the states and the U.S. Department of Transportation;

contractor licensing requirements;

permitting and inspection requirements; and

building and electrical codes.
 
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We are also subject to numerous environmental laws, regulations and programs, including the handling, transportation and disposal of non-hazardous and hazardous substances and wastes, laws governing emissions and discharges into the environment, including discharges into air, surface water, groundwater and soil, and programs related to the protection of endangered species and critical habitats.
We also are subject to laws and regulations that impose liability and cleanup responsibility for releases of hazardous substances into the environment. Under certain of these laws and regulations, liabilities can be imposed for cleanup of properties, regardless of whether we directly caused the contamination or violated any law at the time of discharge or disposal. The presence of contamination from such substances or wastes could interfere with ongoing operations or adversely affect our business.
In addition, we could be held liable for significant penalties and damages under certain environmental laws and regulations. Our contracts with customers may also impose liabilities on us regarding environmental issues that arise through the performance of our services. From time to time, we may incur unanticipated and substantial costs and obligations related to environmental compliance and/or remediation matters.
We believe we have all material licenses and permits needed to conduct operations and that we are in material compliance with all applicable regulatory and environmental requirements. We could, however, incur significant liabilities if we fail to comply with such requirements.
The potential effects of climate change on our operations is highly uncertain. Climate change may result in, among other things, changes in rainfall patterns, storm patterns and intensities and temperature levels. Our operating results are significantly influenced by weather. Therefore, major changes in weather patterns could have a significant effect on our future operating results. For example, if climate change results in significantly more adverse weather conditions in a given period, we could experience reduced productivity, which could negatively affect our revenue and profitability. Climate change could also affect our customers and the projects that they award. Demand for power projects or other projects could be negatively affected by significant changes in weather or from legislation or regulations governing climate change.
Legal Proceedings
We are from time to time subject to various claims, lawsuits and other legal and administrative proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Some of these claims, lawsuits and other proceedings may involve highly complex issues that are subject to substantial uncertainties, and could result in damages, fines, penalties, non-monetary sanctions or relief. We recognize provisions for claims or pending litigation when we determine that an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. Due to the inherent uncertain nature of litigation, the ultimate outcome or actual cost of settlement may materially vary from estimates.
Available Information
Our investor relations website address is https:\\investors.qualtekservices.com. We are required to file Annual Reports on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q with the SEC on a regular basis, and are required to disclose certain material events in a Current Report on Form 8-K. The SEC also maintains a website that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. The SEC’s website is located at http://www.sec.gov.
 
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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
References to the “Company,” “QualTek,” “our,” “us” or “we” in the following section refer to QualTek HoldCo prior to the Business Combination.
We are currently considered an “emerging growth Company” within the meaning of the Securities Act for purposes of the SEC’s executive compensation disclosure rules. Accordingly, we are required to provide a Summary Compensation Table, as well as limited narrative disclosures regarding executive compensation for our last two completed fiscal years and an Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End Table for our last completed fiscal year. These reporting obligations extend only to the following “Named Executive Officers,” who are the individuals who served as our principal executive officer and the next two most highly compensated executive officers at the end of the fiscal years 2021 and 2020.
Name
Principal Position
Christopher S. Hisey.................................................
Chief Executive Officer, QualTek LLC
Elizabeth Downey.....................................................
Chief Administrative Officer, QualTek LLC
Kevin Doran.............................................................
Chief Executive Officer, QualTek Wireless LLC
This discussion may contain forward-looking statements that are based on our current plans, considerations, expectations and determinations regarding future compensation programs. Actual compensation programs that we adopt in the future may differ materially from the currently planned programs summarized in this discussion.
2020 and 2021 Summary Compensation Table
The following table summarizes the compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to our Named Executive Officers for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.
Name and Principal Position (a)
Year
Salary
($)(2)(3)
Total
($)(4)
Christopher S. Hisey, Chief Executive Officer, QualTek LLC(1)
2021 $ 500,000 $ 500,000
2020 $ 501,154 $ 501,154
Elizabeth Downey, Chief Administrative Officer, QualTek LLC
2021 $ 375,000 $ 375,000
2020 $ 375,433 $ 375,433
Kevin Doran, Chief Executive Officer, QualTek Wireless LLC
2021 $ 450,500 $ 450,500
2020 $ 450,520 $ 450,520
(1)
Mr. Hisey served on the Board of QualTek for the years ended in December 31, 2021 and 2020. He earned no compensation for his role as a director.
(2)
Amounts represent annualized base salary earned for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.
(3)
As a result of COVID-19, each of Mr. Hisey, Ms. Downey and Mr. Doran deferred a percentage of their base salaries (100% for Mr. Hisey and 50% for each of Ms. Downey and Mr. Doran) for the second quarter of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in exchange for 1% interest on such deferred salary. Mr. Hisey, Ms. Downey and Mr. Doran earned $1,154, $433 and $520, respectively, in interest as a result of such deferral.
(4)
No Named Executive Officer earned compensation other than salary for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.
Executive Services Agreements
Each of the Named Executive Officers is a party to an employment agreement (styled as executive services agreements) with QualTek, LLC (“QualTek,” which for purposes of this section does not refer to the Company) that provides for annual base salary, target bonus opportunity, paid vacation, reimbursement of reasonable business expenses and eligibility to participate in our benefit plans generally. Messrs. Hisey’s and Doran’s and Ms. Downey’s annualized base salaries at the end of the 2020 fiscal year were $500,000,
 
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$450,500 and $375,000, respectively, and their target annual bonuses were 100%, 50% and 50% of base salary, respectively. Messrs. Hisey’s and Doran’s and Ms. Downey’s annualized base salaries at the end of the 2020 fiscal year were $501,154, $450,520 and $375,433, respectively, and their target annual bonuses were 100%, 50% and 50% of base salary, respectively. For the 2020 and 2021 fiscal years, Messrs. Hisey and Doran and Ms. Downey did not receive any bonus payments, as described in more detail below.
In the event that a Named Executive Officer’s employment is terminated either by QualTek without “Cause,” by the Named Executive Officer for “Good Reason” ​(each as defined below) or due to QualTek’s non-renewal of the initial term, subject to the Named Executive Officer’s execution and non-revocation of a general release of claims and continued compliance with restrictive covenant obligations, each Named Executive Officer would be entitled to salary continuation for 24 months and Mr. Hisey would also be entitled to (i) a pro-rata portion of his bonus earned through the termination date and (ii) payment for 24 months’ of Mr. Hisey’s premiums incurred for participation in COBRA coverage pursuant to a QualTek sponsored group health plan.
For purposes of the employment agreements:
“Cause” means the Named Executive Officer’s (i) failure to materially perform and discharge the duties and responsibilities of the employee under his or her employment agreement after written notice and allowing the Named Executive Officer 10 business days to cure such failures, (ii) failure to observe any material policies of any of the company entities after receiving written notice and allowing the Named Executive Officer 10 business days to cure such failures, (iii) gross negligence, willful misconduct or intentional violation of law in the performance of the Named Executive Officer’s duties to any of the company entities, (iv) the commission of any act of fraud, intentional misrepresentation, dishonesty, misappropriation or embezzlement with respect to any of the company entities or the Named Executive Officer’s unethical, immoral or illegal act which could damage any of the company entities (or the reputation of any of the company entities), (v) breach of (A) any agreement or contract between the Named Executive Officer and any of the company entities (including the employment agreement), which breach has not been cured within 10 business days of the Named Executive Officer’s receipt of written notice thereof, or (B) sexual relationship with any other employee of any of the company entities, or (C) falsification of expense reports or requests for reimbursement, (vi) the conviction of, or pleading of guilty or nolo contendere to, any felony or any crime involving moral turpitude, or (vii) misappropriation, improper disclosure or improper use of materials or confidential information belonging to a former employer of the Named Executive Officer.
“Good Reason” means the occurrence of one or more of the following, subject to QualTek’s right to cure the circumstances giving rise to such occurrence within 20 business days of QualTek’s receipt of written notice: (i) assignment to the Named Executive Officer of any duties inconsistent, in the aggregate, in any material respect with the employment agreement, or (ii) a reduction in or the failure to pay the base compensation of the Named Executive Officer (other than a reduction of base salary of all of QualTek’s senior management due to poor financial performance of QualTek or any of its affiliates); provided, that the Named Executive Officer gives written notice to QualTek of the termination of employment for Good Reason within 30 days of the occurrence of the event constituting Good Reason, and such event remains uncured for 30 days following QualTek’s receipt of such written notice by the Named Executive Officer.
Annual Bonus Plan
The QualTek Annual Bonus Plan (“Annual Bonus Plan”) provides for the payments of annual cash incentives based on the achievement of Company EBITDA and free cash flow goals and individual performance objectives. The participants in the Annual Bonus Plan are determined based on an employee’s position and employment status, and include each of our Named Executive Officers.
Bonus levels are set as a percentage of the participant’s base salary and are established based upon the participant’s job-related responsibilities and corresponding impact on overall Company performance. Assuming achievement of the Company’s designated performance goals as described above and satisfactory performance of the participant, the Board makes the final determination of participant bonus awards.
None of our Named Executive Officer earned a bonus under the Annual Bonus Plan for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 as the Company did not meet the applicable Company goals.
 
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Equity Incentives
The Company was authorized at the discretion of its former board of managers, under its Second Amended and Restated Limited Liability Company Agreement, dated as of October 4, 2019 (the “Holdco LLC Agreement”), to issue Class P Units of Holdco (“Class P Units”). Class P Units were granted to service providers of the Company, including our Named Executive Officers, who immediately contributed them to BCP QualTek Management, LLC (“Management Holdco”), which in turn granted such service providers the same number of corresponding Class P Tracking Units of Management Holdco (“Class P Tracking Units”). The Class P Tracking Units were structured to provide the participating individuals with an opportunity to indirectly participate in Holdco’s future income and appreciation and to enhance our ability to attract and retain talented individuals to contribute to the sustained progress, growth, and profitability of the Company.
Class P Tracking Units represented an indirect interest in the future appreciation of Holdco and were intended to be treated as “profits interests” for United States federal income tax purposes, meaning that the Class P Tracking Units generally entitled the holder only to value created by the future appreciation or profits of Holdco.
The Company has granted each Named Executive Officer Class P Units, which were contributed to Management Holdco, which in turn granted the Named Executive Officers corresponding Class P Tracking Units. The Class P Tracking Units issued to each Named Executive Officer, and the underlying Class P Units, were to vest as follows: 20% on an initial vesting date set forth in each award agreement, and an additional 20% on each anniversary of the initial vesting date up to 80%, with the final 20% vesting immediately prior to a Sale of the Company (as defined in the Holdco LLC Agreement). Each Named Executive Officer was granted Class P Tracking Units and underlying Class P Units, with an initial vesting date of December 26, 2019. The Class P Tracking Units, and the underlying Class P Units were designated as Class P-1 Units, Class P-2 Units or Class P-3 Units. Vested Class P-1 Units, Class P-2 Units and Class P-3 Units, were eligible to participate in dividends/proceeds upon a Sale of the Company once Class A Members of the Company (as defined in the Holdco LLC Agreement) received a 1X, 2X or 3X cash return on their investment (on a fully diluted basis), respectively. Immediately prior to the Business Combination, management made a non-cash discretionary distribution to effectively settle all existing Class P Units in exchange for QualTek Common Units.
Outstanding Equity Awards at 2021 Fiscal Year-End
The following table summarizes, for each of the Named Executive Officers, the number of Class P Tracking Units held as of December 31, 2021.
Option Awards(1)
Grant Date
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options (#)
Exercisable
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options (#)
Unexercisable
Option
Exercise
Price ($)(2)
Option
Expiration
Date(2)
Christopher S, Hisey
April 15, 2019
18,457 12,305(3)
April 15, 2019
20,508 13,672(4)
April 15, 2019
22,921 15,280(5)
Elizabeth Downey
April 15, 2019
3,384 2,256(3)
April 15, 2019
3,760 2,506(4)
April 15, 2019
4,202 2,801(5)
Kevin Doran
April 15, 2019
4,307 2,871(3)
April 15, 2019
4,785 3,190(4)
April 15, 2019
5,348 3,566(5)
 
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(1)
This table reflects information regarding the Class P Tracking Units in Management Holdco to our Named Executive Officers that were outstanding as of December 31, 2021. For more information on these incentive units, see “Executive Compensation — Equity Incentives” above.
(2)
The Class P Tracking Units were not traditional options and, therefore, there was no exercise price or option expiration date associated with them.
(3)
These Class P Tracking Units were composed of Class P-1 Units, which were to vest according to the time-vesting schedule described above in “Executive Compensation — Equity Incentives”, subject to the Named Executive Officer’s continued employment with us through the applicable vesting date, and only participate in distributions if the Class A Members of the Company achieved a 1X cash return on their investment (on a fully diluted basis).
(4)
These Class P Tracking Units were composed of Class P-2 Units, which were to vest according to the time-vesting schedule described above in “Executive Compensation — Equity Incentives”, subject to the Named Executive Officer’s continued employment with us through the applicable vesting date, and only participate in distributions if the Class A Members of the Company achieved a 2X cash return on their investment (on a fully diluted basis).
(5)
These Class P Tracking Units were composed of Class P-3 Units, which were to vest according to the time-vesting schedule described above in “Executive Compensation — Equity Incentives”, subject to the Named Executive Officer’s continued employment with us through the applicable vesting date, and only participate in distributions if the Class A Members of the Company achieved a 3X cash return on their investment (on a fully diluted basis).
Additional Narrative Disclosure
Retirement Benefits
We do not have a U.S. defined benefit pension plan or nonqualified deferred compensation plan. We currently maintain a defined contribution retirement plan intended to provide benefits under Section 401(k) of the Code, pursuant to which employees, including the Named Executive Officers, can make voluntary pre-tax contributions. We have the option to make discretionary employer matching and/or non-elective contributions to all participants. All contributions under the plan are subject to certain annual dollar limitations, which are periodically adjusted based on cost-of-living announcements by the Internal Revenue Services. The Company does not make these discretionary contributions.
Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control
Each Named Executive Officer’s unvested Class P Tracking Units were to vest immediately prior to a Sale of the Company (as defined in the Holdco LLC Agreement), subject to the Named Executive Officer’s continued employment with us through the consummation of a Sale of the Company, and each Named Executive Officer would become entitled to distributions with respect to all vested Class P Tracking Units upon a Sale of the Company to the extent the applicable return on investment criteria are met, see “Executive Compensation — Equity Incentives” above. Immediately prior to the Business Combination, management made a non-cash discretionary distribution to effectively settle all existing Class P Units in exchange for QualTek Common Units.
Director Compensation
Our non-employee directors received no compensation for the year ending December 31, 2021. Following the consummation of this Business Combination, our independent non-employee directors who are not affiliated with Brightstar, Jigisha Desai and Sam Chawla, will each be paid an annual retainer of $70,000 for their service as a member of our Board. Mr. Desai will also receive an additional annual retainer of $55,000 for serving as the chair of our audit committee. Mr. Chawla will also receive an additional annual retainer of $12,500 ($37,500 in the aggregate) for serving on each of our audit committee, compensation committee, and nominating/governance committee. Finally, each of our independent non-employee directors who are not affiliated with Brightstar will receive, following the consummation of this
 
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Business Combination, an annual grant of stock options, with a grant date value (determined using the Black-Scholes method) of $105,000 that vest on the one-year anniversary of the date of grant, subject to the non-employee director’s continued service on the Board through the applicable vesting date.
Compensation of Executive Officers and Directors after the Business Combination
Following the consummation of the Business Combination, the following individuals have served as executive officers of the Company: Mr. Hisey as the Chief Executive Officer, Ms. Downey as the Chief Administrative Officer, Mr. Williams as the Chief Business Officer and Mr. Spittler as the Chief Financial Officer.
The Company intends to develop an executive compensation program that is consistent with Company’s existing compensation policies and philosophies, which are designed to align compensation with the Company’s business objectives and the creation of stockholder value, while enabling the Company to attract, motivate and retain individuals who contribute to the long-term success of the Company.
Decisions on the specific terms of the executive compensation program will be made by a compensation committee of the Board of Directors and are not currently known at this time. The executive compensation program actually adopted will depend on the judgment of the members of the compensation committee and may differ from that set forth in this discussion.
We anticipate that decisions regarding executive compensation will reflect our belief that the executive compensation program must be competitive in order to attract and retain our executive officers. We anticipate that the compensation committee will seek to implement our compensation policies and philosophies by linking a significant portion of our executive officers’ cash compensation to performance objectives and by providing a portion of their compensation as long-term incentive compensation in the form of equity awards.
We anticipate that compensation for our executive officers will continue to have three primary components: base salary, an annual cash incentive bonus and long-term incentive based compensation in the form of stock-based awards.
Management Equity Incentive Plan
Background and Overview
Our Board and shareholders have approved the BCP QualTek HoldCo, LLC 2022 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “2022 LTIP”), pursuant to which our and our affiliates’ employees, consultants and directors will be eligible to receive incentive awards. The 2022 LTIP provides for the grant of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, bonus stock, dividend equivalents, other stock-based awards, substitute awards, annual incentive awards and performance awards, in each case intended to align the interests of participants with those of our stockholders.
Summary of the 2021 LTIP
Share Reserve
In connection with its adoption by our Board and approval by our stockholders, we reserved a number of shares of Class A Common Stock equal to 12.5% of the fully diluted capitalization of the Company shares of Class A Common Stock for issuance under the 2022 LTIP. In addition, on each January 1 beginning on January 1, 2023 and ending on January 1, 2032, the aggregate number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2022 LTIP will be increased automatically by the number of shares equal to the lesser of (i) the lesser of (x) 2% of the total number of outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock on the immediately preceding December 31 and (y) such number of shares of Class A Common Stock that would result in the number of shares of Class A Common Stock in the share reserve being equal to 12.5% of the aggregate number of shares of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock outstanding as of the final day of the immediately preceding calendar year, and (ii) such lesser number as may be determined by the compensation committee.
 
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Administration
The 2022 LTIP will be administered by our compensation committee. The compensation committee will have the authority to construe and interpret the 2022 LTIP, grant awards, and make all other determinations necessary or advisable for the administration of the plan. Awards under the 2022 LTIP may be made subject to “performance conditions” and any other terms and conditions that the compensation committee deems necessary or advisable.
Eligibility
Our employees, consultants, and directors, and the employees, consultants and directors of our affiliates, will be eligible to receive awards under the 2021 LTIP. The compensation committee will determine who will receive awards and the terms and conditions of such awards. As of the date of this filing, we anticipate that approximately 1,950 QualTek employees, three directors and no consultants will be eligible to participate in the 2022 LTIP.
Term
The 2022 LTIP will terminate 10 years from the date our Board adopts the plan, unless it is terminated earlier by our Board.
Award Forms and Limitations
The 2022 LTIP will authorize the grant of stock awards, performance awards and other cash-based awards. An aggregate of shares will be available for issuance under the 2022 LTIP. The maximum number of shares subject to stock options that are intended to qualify as incentive stock options, or ISOs, under Section 422 of the Code, will be equal to the initial share reserve.
Stock Options
The 2022 LTIP will provide for the grant of ISOs only to employees. All options other than ISOs may be granted to employees, directors, and consultants. The exercise price of each option to purchase stock must be at least equal to the fair market value of Class A Common Stock on the date of grant. The exercise price of ISOs granted to 10% or more stockholders must be at least equal to 110% of that value. Options granted under the 2022 LTIP may be exercisable at such times and subject to such terms and conditions as the Compensation and Nominating Committee determines. The maximum term of options granted under the 2021 LTIP will be 10 years (five years in the case of ISOs granted to 10% or more stockholders).
Stock Appreciation Rights
Stock appreciation rights will provide for a payment, or payments, in cash or common stock, to the holder based upon the difference between the fair market value of Class A Common Stock on the date of exercise and the stated exercise price of the stock appreciation right. The exercise price must be at least equal to the fair market value of Class A Common Stock on the date the stock appreciation right is granted. Stock appreciation rights may vest based on time or achievement of performance conditions, as determined by the compensation committee.
Restricted Stock
The compensation committee may grant awards consisting of shares of Class A Common Stock subject to restrictions on sale and transfer. The price (if any) paid by a participant for a restricted stock award will be determined by the compensation committee. Unless otherwise determined by the compensation committee at the time of award, vesting will cease on the date the participant no longer provides services to us and unvested shares will be forfeited to or repurchased by us. The compensation committee may condition the grant or vesting of shares of restricted stock on the achievement of performance conditions and/or the satisfaction of a time-based vesting schedule.
 
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Other Stock-Based and Other Cash-Based Awards
The compensation committee may grant other stock-based awards and other cash-based awards to participants under the 2022 LTIP in amounts and on terms and conditions determined by the compensation committee in its discretion. Such awards may be granted subject to vesting and other conditions or restrictions, or granted without being subject to any conditions or restrictions.
Additional Provisions
Awards granted under the 2022 LTIP will not be transferable other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution, or as determined by the compensation committee. In the event of a change in control (as defined in the 2022 LTIP), the compensation committee will have the discretion to provide for any or all of the following actions: (i) awards may be continued, assumed, or substituted with new rights, (ii) awards may be purchased for cash equal to the excess (if any) of the highest price per share of common stock paid in the change in control transaction over the aggregate exercise price of such awards, (iii) outstanding and unexercised stock options and stock appreciation rights may be terminated before the change in control (in which case holders of such unvested awards would be given notice and the opportunity to exercise such awards), or (iv) vesting or lapse of restrictions may be accelerated. All 2022 LTIP awards will be equitably adjusted in the case of the division of stock and similar transactions.
United States Federal Income Tax Consequences
The following summary is based on an analysis of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) as currently in effect, existing laws, judicial decisions, administrative rulings, regulations and proposed regulations, all of which are subject to change (possibly retroactively). Moreover, the following is only a summary of United States federal income tax consequences. No attempt has been made to discuss any potential foreign, state, or local tax consequences. Actual tax consequences to participants may be either more or less favorable than those described below depending on the participants’ particular circumstances.
In addition, nonstatutory stock options and SARs with an exercise price less than the fair market value of shares of Class A Common Stock on the date of grant, SARs payable in cash, and certain other awards that may be granted pursuant to the 2022 LTIP could be subject to additional taxes unless they are designed to comply with certain restrictions set forth in Section 409A of the Code and guidance promulgated thereunder.
The 2022 LTIP is not subject to the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, and is not intended to be qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code.
Incentive Stock Options
No income will be recognized by a participant for United States federal income tax purposes upon the grant or exercise of an ISO. The basis of shares transferred to a participant upon exercise of an ISO (“ISO Shares”) is the price paid for the shares. If the participant holds the shares for at least one year after the transfer of the shares to the participant and two years after the grant of the stock option, the participant will recognize capital gain or loss upon sale of the shares received upon exercise equal to the difference between the amount realized on the sale and the basis of the stock. Generally, if the shares are not held for that period, the participant will recognize ordinary income upon disposition (a “Disqualifying Disposition”) in an amount equal to the excess of the fair market value of the shares on the date of exercise over the amount paid for the shares, or if less (and if the disposition is a transaction in which loss, if any, will be recognized), the gain on disposition. Any additional gain realized by the participant upon the disposition will be a capital gain. The excess of the fair market value of the ISO Shares over the stock option price for the shares is an item of adjustment for the participant for purposes of the alternative minimum tax. Therefore, although no income is recognized upon exercise of an ISO, a participant may be subject to alternative minimum tax as a result of the exercise. An employer will generally not be entitled to any federal income tax deduction upon the grant or exercise of an ISO, unless a participant makes a Disqualifying Disposition of the ISO Stock. If a participant makes a Disqualifying Disposition, the employer will then, subject to the deduction limitations described below, be entitled to a tax deduction that corresponds as to timing and amount with the compensation income recognized by the participant.
 
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Nonstatutory Stock Options
No income is expected to be recognized by a participant for United States federal income tax purposes upon the grant of a nonstatutory stock option. Upon exercise of a nonstatutory stock option, the participant will recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to the excess of the fair market value of the shares on the date of exercise over the amount paid for the shares. Income recognized upon the exercise of a nonstatutory option will be considered compensation subject to withholding at the time the income is recognized and, therefore, the participant’s employer must make the necessary arrangements with the participant to ensure that the amount of the tax required to be withheld is available for payment. Nonstatutory stock options are designed to provide the employer with a deduction equal to the amount of ordinary income recognized by the participant at the time of the recognition by the participant, subject to the deduction limitations described below.
Stock Appreciation Rights
No income is expected to be recognized by a participant for United States federal income tax purposes upon the grant of SARs. Generally, the participant will recognize ordinary income subject to withholding upon the receipt of payment pursuant to SARs in an amount equal to the aggregate amount of cash and the fair market value of any property (including common stock) received. Subject to the deduction limitations described below, the employer generally will be entitled to a corresponding tax deduction equal to the amount includible in the participant’s income.
Restricted Stock
If the restrictions on an award of shares of restricted stock are of a nature that the shares are both subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture and are not freely transferable (within the meaning of Section 83 of the Code), the participant will not recognize income for United States federal income tax purposes at the time of the award unless the participant affirmatively elects to include the fair market value of the shares of restricted stock on the date of the award, less any amount paid for the shares, in gross income for the year of the award pursuant to Section 83(b) of the Code. In the absence of this election, the participant will be required to include in income for United States federal income tax purposes on the date the shares either become freely transferable or are no longer subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture (within the meaning of Section 83 of the Code), the fair market value of the shares of restricted stock on such date, less any amount paid for the shares. The employer will be entitled to a deduction at the time of income recognition to the participant in an amount equal to the amount the participant is required to include in income with respect to the shares, subject to the deduction limitations described below. If a Section 83(b) election is made within 30 days after the date the restricted stock is received, the participant will recognize ordinary income at the time of the receipt of the restricted stock, and the employer will be entitled to a corresponding deduction, equal to the fair market value of the shares at the time, less the amount paid, if any, by the participant for the restricted stock. If a Section 83(b) election is made, no additional income will be recognized by the participant upon the lapse of restrictions on the restricted stock, but, if the restricted stock is subsequently forfeited, the participant may not deduct the income that was recognized pursuant to the Section 83(b) election at the time of the receipt of the restricted stock but may recognize a loss in an amount equal to the excess, if any, of the amount paid for the restricted stock over the amount received upon such forfeiture (which loss will ordinarily be a capital loss).
Dividends paid to a participant holding restricted stock before the expiration of the restriction period will be additional compensation taxable as ordinary income to the participant subject to withholding, unless the participant made an election under Section 83(b). Subject to the deduction limitations described below, the employer generally will be entitled to a corresponding tax deduction equal to the dividends includible in the participant’s income as compensation. If the participant has made a Section 83(b) election, the dividends will be dividend income, rather than additional compensation, to the participant.
If the restrictions on an award of restricted stock are not of a nature that the shares are both subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture and are not freely transferable, within the meaning of Section 83 of the Code, then the participant will recognize ordinary income for United States federal income tax purposes at the time of the transfer of the shares in an amount equal to the fair market value of the shares of restricted stock on the date of the transfer, less any amount paid therefore. The employer will be entitled to a deduction at
 
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that time in an amount equal to the amount the participant is required to include in income with respect to the shares, subject to the deduction limitations described below.
Restricted Stock Units
There will be no United States federal income tax consequences to either the participant or the employer upon the grant of restricted stock units. Generally, the participant will recognize ordinary income subject to withholding upon the receipt of cash and/or transfer of shares of Class A Common Stock in payment of the restricted stock units in an amount equal to the aggregate of the cash received and the fair market value of the Class A Common Stock so transferred. Subject to the deduction limitations described below, the employer generally will be entitled to a corresponding tax deduction equal to the amount includible in the participant’s income.
Generally, a participant will recognize ordinary income subject to withholding upon the payment of any dividend equivalents paid with respect to an award in an amount equal to the cash the participant receives. Subject to the deduction limitations described below, the employer generally will be entitled to a corresponding tax deduction equal to the amount includible in the participant’s income.
Limitation on the Employer’s Compensation Deduction
In order for the amounts described above to be deductible by the employer, such amounts must constitute reasonable compensation for services rendered or to be rendered and must be ordinary and necessary business expenses. In addition, Section 162(m) of the Code limits the deduction certain employers may take for otherwise deductible compensation payable to certain executive officers of the employer to the extent the compensation paid to such an officer for the year exceeds $1 million.
Excess Parachute Payments
Our ability (or the ability of one of our subsidiaries) to obtain a deduction for future payments under the 2022 LTIP could also be limited by the golden parachute rules of Section 280G of the Code, which prevent the deductibility of certain excess parachute payments made in connection with a change in control of an employer-corporation.
ESPP
Background
Our Board and shareholders have approved the QualTek 2022 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”).
We strongly believe in improving opportunities for our employees to reap the benefits of increases in our stock’s value. In addition, the ability to contribute a portion of earnings to purchase our shares, would represent a key benefit for our employee. We believe that such a program improves our ability to attract, retain and incentivize our talent, and ultimately, better aligns the interests of our employees with those of our shareholders. As of the date of this filing, we anticipate that approximately 1,600 employees will be eligible to participate in the ESPP.
Summary of the 2022 ESPP
The following general description of material features of the ESPP is qualified in its entirety by reference to the provisions of the ESPP.
Purpose and Eligibility
The ESPP is intended to assist employees of the Combined Company in acquiring share ownership interest in QualTek, and to help such employees provide for their future security and to encourage them to remain in the employment of the Combined Company or its subsidiaries. The ESPP is intended to have two components: a component intended to qualify as an “employee stock purchase plan” under Section 423 of the Code (the “423 Component”) and a component that is not intended to so qualify (the “Non-423
 
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Component”). Except as otherwise provided, the Non-423 Component will be operated and administered in the same manner as the 423 Component, except where prohibited by law.
Our executive officers and all of our other employees who have worked at QualTek for at least six months will be allowed to participate in the ESPP, provided that the administrator, in its discretion, may also exclude any or all of the following unless prohibited by applicable law, so long as, for offerings under the 423 Component, any such exclusion is applied uniformly to all employees:

Any employee who is customarily scheduled to work 20 hours or less per week;

any employee whose customary employment is not more than five months in a calendar year;

any employee who is not employed by QualTek prior to the applicable exercise date occurs; and

any employee who is a highly compensated employee (within the meaning of Section 414(q) of the Code) or any highly compensated employee with compensation above a specified level, who is an officer, or who is subject to the disclosure requirements of Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act; or

any employee who is a citizen or resident of a jurisdiction outside the United States if the grant of the option is prohibited under the laws of the jurisdiction governing such Employee or compliance with the laws of the jurisdiction would cause the Section 423 Component or any offering or option granted thereunder to violate the requirements of Section 423 of the Code.