EX-10.14 8 d73061dex1014.htm EX-10.14 EX-10.14

Exhibit 10.14

EXECUTION VERSION

SECOND LIEN CREDIT AGREEMENT

DATED AS OF AUGUST 2, 2018

AMONG

MARAVAI INTERMEDIATE HOLDINGS, LLC,

AS PARENT BORROWER,

CYGNUS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, TRILINK BIOTECHNOLOGIES, LLC AND VECTOR LABORATORIES,

INC.,

AS BORROWERS,

MARAVAI TOPCO HOLDINGS, LLC,

AS HOLDINGS,

ANTARES CAPITAL LP,

AS ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT AND COLLATERAL AGENT,

AND

THE OTHER LENDERS PARTY HERETO

 

 

JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., ANTARES CAPITAL LP AND

CARLYLE GLOBAL INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT L.L.C.

AS JOINT LEAD ARRANGERS AND JOINT BOOKRUNNERS


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page  
   ARTICLE I.   
   Definitions and Accounting Terms   

Section 1.01

  

Defined Terms

     1  

Section 1.02

  

Other Interpretive Provisions

     62  

Section 1.03

  

Accounting Term

     64  

Section 1.04

  

Rounding

     64  

Section 1.05

  

References to Agreements and Laws

     64  

Section 1.06

  

Times of Day

     64  

Section 1.07

  

Timing of Payment or Performance

     65  

Section 1.08

  

Currency Equivalents Generally

     65  

Section 1.09

  

[Reserved]

     65  

Section 1.10

  

Pro Forma Calculations

     65  

Section 1.11

  

Calculation of Baskets

     65  
   ARTICLE II.   
   The Commitments and Credit Extensions   

Section 2.01

  

The Loans

     66  

Section 2.02

  

Borrowings, Conversions and Continuations of Loans

     66  

Section 2.03

  

[Reserved]

     67  

Section 2.04

  

[Reserved]

     67  

Section 2.05

  

Prepayments

     67  

Section 2.06

  

Termination or Reduction of Commitments

     71  

Section 2.07

  

Repayment of Loans

     71  

Section 2.08

  

Interest

     71  

Section 2.09

  

Fees

     72  

Section 2.10

  

Computation of Interest and Fees

     72  

Section 2.11

  

Evidence of Indebtedness

     72  

Section 2.12

  

Payments Generally; Administrative Agent’s Clawback

     72  

Section 2.13

  

Sharing of Payments

     74  

Section 2.14

  

Incremental Facilities

     74  

Section 2.15

  

New Incremental Notes

     76  

Section 2.16

  

[Reserved]

     77  

Section 2.17

  

Defaulting Lenders

     77  

Section 2.18

  

Specified Refinancing Debt

     78  

Section 2.19

  

Permitted Debt Exchanges

     80  

Section 2.20

  

Co-Borrowers

     81  
   ARTICLE III.   
   Taxes, Increased Costs Protection and Illegality   

Section 3.01

  

Taxes

     82  

Section 3.02

  

[Reserved]

     85  

Section 3.03

  

Illegality

     86  

Section 3.04

  

Inability to Determine Rates

     86  

Section 3.05

  

Increased Cost and Reduced Return; Capital Adequacy and Liquidity Requirements

     87  

Section 3.06

  

Funding Losses

     88  

Section 3.07

  

Matters Applicable to All Requests for Compensation

     88  

Section 3.08

  

Replacement of Lenders under Certain Circumstances

     89  

 

ii


   ARTICLE IV.   
   Conditions Precedent to Credit Extensions   

Section 4.01

  

Conditions to the Initial Credit Extension on the Closing Date

     90  

Section 4.02

  

[Reserved]

     93  
   ARTICLE V.   
   Representations and Warranties   

Section 5.01

  

Existence, Qualification and Power; Compliance with Laws

     93  

Section 5.02

  

Authorization; No Contravention

     93  

Section 5.03

  

Governmental Authorization; Other Consents

     93  

Section 5.04

  

Binding Effect

     93  

Section 5.05

  

Financial Statements; No Material Adverse Effect

     94  

Section 5.06

  

Litigation

     94  

Section 5.07

  

Use of Proceeds

     94  

Section 5.08

  

Ownership of Property; Liens

     94  

Section 5.09

  

Environmental Compliance

     95  

Section 5.10

  

Taxes

     95  

Section 5.11

  

Employee Benefits Plans

     95  

Section 5.12

  

Subsidiaries; Capital Stock

     96  

Section 5.13

  

Margin Regulations; Investment Company Act

     96  

Section 5.14

  

Disclosure

     97  

Section 5.15

  

Compliance with Laws

     97  

Section 5.16

  

Intellectual Property; Licenses, Etc

     97  

Section 5.17

  

Solvency

     97  

Section 5.18

  

Perfection, Etc

     97  

Section 5.19

  

Sanctions; OFAC

     98  

Section 5.20

  

Anti-Corruption Laws

     98  
   ARTICLE VI.   
   Affirmative Covenants   

Section 6.01

  

Financial Statements

     98  

Section 6.02

  

Certificates; Other Information

     100  

Section 6.03

  

Notices

     101  

Section 6.04

  

Payment of Taxes

     101  

Section 6.05

  

Preservation of Existence, Etc

     102  

Section 6.06

  

Maintenance of Properties

     102  

Section 6.07

  

Maintenance of Insurance

     102  

Section 6.08

  

Compliance with Laws

     102  

Section 6.09

  

Books and Records

     102  

Section 6.10

  

Inspection Rights

     103  

Section 6.11

  

Use of Proceeds

     103  

Section 6.12

  

Covenant to Guarantee Obligations and Give Security

     103  

Section 6.13

  

Compliance with Environmental Laws

     105  

Section 6.14

  

Further Assurances

     105  

Section 6.15

  

Maintenance of Ratings

     106  

Section 6.16

  

Post-Closing Undertakings

     106  

Section 6.17

  

No Change in Line of Business

     106  

Section 6.18

  

Transactions with Affiliates

     106  

Section 6.19

  

Lender Conference Calls

     110  

 

iii


   ARTICLE VII.   
   Negative Covenants   

Section 7.01

  

Indebtedness

     110  

Section 7.02

  

Limitations on Liens

     116  

Section 7.03

  

Fundamental Changes

     116  

Section 7.04

  

Asset Sales

     117  

Section 7.05

  

Restricted Payments

     118  

Section 7.06

  

Burdensome Agreements

     125  

Section 7.07

  

Accounting Changes

     127  

Section 7.08

  

No Layering of Debt

     127  

Section 7.09

  

Holding Company

     127  

Section 7.10

  

Restricted Investments

     127  
   ARTICLE VIII.   
   Events of Default and Remedies   

Section 8.01

  

Events of Default

     128  

Section 8.02

  

Remedies Upon Event of Default

     130  

Section 8.03

  

[Reserved]

     130  

Section 8.04

  

Application of Funds

     130  
   ARTICLE IX.   
   Administrative Agent and Other Agents   

Section 9.01

  

Appointment and Authorization of Agents

     131  

Section 9.02

  

Delegation of Duties

     132  

Section 9.03

  

Liability of Agents

     132  

Section 9.04

  

Reliance by Agents

     133  

Section 9.05

  

Notice of Default

     134  

Section 9.06

  

Credit Decision; Disclosure of Information by Agents

     134  

Section 9.07

  

Indemnification of Agents

     134  

Section 9.08

  

Agents in their Individual Capacities

     135  

Section 9.09

  

Successor Agents

     135  

Section 9.10

  

Administrative Agent May File Proofs of Claim

     136  

Section 9.11

  

Collateral and Guaranty Matters

     137  

Section 9.12

  

Other Agents; Arranger and Managers

     138  

Section 9.13

  

Affiliates of Administrative Agent

     138  

Section 9.14

  

Appointment of Supplemental Agents, Incremental Arrangers, Incremental Notes Arrangers and Specified Refinancing Agents

    

138

 

Section 9.15

  

Intercreditor Agreement

     139  

Section 9.16

  

Withholding Tax

     140  

Section 9.17

  

Certain ERISA Matters

     140  

Section 9.18

  

Credit Bidding

     142  
   ARTICLE X.   
   Miscellaneous   

Section 10.01

  

Amendments, Etc

     142  

Section 10.02

  

Notices; Electronic Communications

     145  

Section 10.03

  

No Waiver; Cumulative Remedies; Enforcement

     146  

Section 10.04

  

Expenses

     147  

Section 10.05

  

Indemnification by the Borrower

     147  

Section 10.06

  

Payments Set Aside

     148  

Section 10.07

  

Successors and Assigns

     149  

Section 10.08

  

Confidentiality

     154  

 

iv


Section 10.09

  

Setoff

     155  

Section 10.10

  

Interest Rate Limitation

     156  

Section 10.11

  

Counterparts

     156  

Section 10.12

  

Integration; Effectiveness

     156  

Section 10.13

  

Survival of Representations and Warranties

     156  

Section 10.14

  

Severability

     157  

Section 10.15

  

Governing Law; Jurisdiction; Etc

     157  

Section 10.16

  

Service of Process

     158  

Section 10.17

  

Waiver of Right to Trial by Jury

     158  

Section 10.18

  

Binding Effect

     158  

Section 10.19

  

No Advisory or Fiduciary Responsibility

     158  

Section 10.20

  

Affiliate Activities

     159  

Section 10.21

  

Electronic Execution of Assignments and Certain Other Documents

     159  

Section 10.22

  

USA PATRIOT Act

     159  

Section 10.23

  

Judgment Currency

     159  

Section 10.24

  

Acknowledgement and Consent to Bail-In of EEA Financial Institutions

     160  

Section 10.25

  

INTERCREDITOR AGREEMENT

     160  

SCHEDULES

  

1

  

Guarantors

  

1.01(e)

  

Contracts Prohibiting Subsidiary Guarantees

  

2.01

  

Commitments and Pro Rata Shares

  

5.08(b)

  

Material Real Property

  

5.12

  

Subsidiaries and Other Equity Investments

  

5.16

  

Intellectual Property Matters

  

6.16

  

Post-Closing Undertakings

  

7.01

  

Closing Date Indebtedness

  

7.02

  

Closing Date Liens

  

7.10

  

Closing Date Investments

  

10.02

  

Administrative Agent’s Office

  

EXHIBITS

  

Form of

  

A

  

Committed Loan Notice

  

B

  

Reserved

  

C

  

Note

  

D

  

Compliance Certificate

  

E-1

  

Assignment and Assumption

  

E-2

  

Affiliate Lender Assignment and Assumption

  

F-1

  

Holdings Guaranty

  

F-2

  

Subsidiary Guaranty

  

G

  

Security Agreement

  

I

  

Solvency Certificate

  

J

  

Intercompany Subordination Agreement

  

K-1

  

U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate

  

K-2

  

U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate

  

K-3

  

U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate

  

K-4

  

U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate

  

L-1

  

Optional Prepayment of Loans

  

M

  

First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement

  

N

  

Borrower Joinder Agreement

  

 

v


This SECOND LIEN CREDIT AGREEMENT is entered into as of August 2, 2018, among MARAVAI INTERMEDIATE HOLDINGS, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Parent Borrower”), CYGNUS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Cygnus”), TRILINK BIOTECHNOLOGIES, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“TriLink”), Vector Laboratories, Inc., a California corporation (“Vector”; and together with the Parent Borrower, Cygnus and TriLink, the “Borrowers” and each, a “Borrower”), MARAVAI TOPCO HOLDINGS, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Holdings”), each lender from time to time party hereto (collectively, the “Lenders” and individually, a “Lender”), and ANTARES CAPITAL LP (“Antares”), as Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent.

PRELIMINARY STATEMENTS

The Borrowers have requested that, upon the satisfaction in full of the conditions precedent set forth in Article IV below, the applicable Lenders make term loans to the Borrowers in an aggregate principal amount of $100,000,000 on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement.

In consideration of the mutual covenants and agreements herein contained, the parties hereto covenant and agree as follows:

ARTICLE I.

Definitions and Accounting Terms

Section 1.01     Defined Terms. As used in this Agreement, the following terms shall have the meanings set forth below:

Accepting Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 10.01.

Acquired Indebtedness” means, with respect to any specified Person, (a) Indebtedness of any other Person existing at the time such other Person is merged, amalgamated or consolidated with or into or becomes a Subsidiary of such specified Person, whether or not such Indebtedness is Incurred in connection with, or in contemplation of, such other Person merging, amalgamating or consolidating with or into, or becoming a Subsidiary of, such specified Person and (b) Indebtedness secured by a Lien encumbering any asset acquired by such specified Person.

Actual Tax Liability” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 7.05(13).

Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate” means, with respect to any Eurocurrency Rate Borrowing for any Interest Period, an interest rate per annum (rounded upwards, if necessary, to the next 1/16 of 1%) equal to with respect to the Initial Loans, the greater of (i) the Eurocurrency Rate for such Interest Period multiplied by the Statutory Reserve Rate and (ii) 1.00%.

Administrative Agent” means Antares acting through such of its Affiliates or branches as it may designate, in its capacity as administrative agent under any of the Loan Documents, or any successor administrative agent permitted by the terms hereof.

Administrative Agent’s Office” means the Administrative Agent’s address and, as appropriate, account as set forth on Schedule 10.02 or such other address or account as the Administrative Agent may from time to time notify the Parent Borrower and the Lenders.

Administrative Questionnaire” means an Administrative Questionnaire in the form approved by the Administrative Agent.

Affiliate” of any specified Person means any other Person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by or under direct or indirect common control with such specified Person. For purposes of this definition, “control” (including, with correlative meanings, the terms “controlling,” “controlled by” and “under common control with”), as used with respect to any Person, means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the

 

1


direction of the management or policies of such Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by agreement or otherwise.

Affiliate Lender Assignment and Assumption” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(i)(i).

Affiliate Lenders” means, collectively, the Sponsor and its Affiliates (other than any Natural Person, Holdings, the Borrowers and any of Holdings’ or the Borrowers’ respective Subsidiaries).

Affiliate Transaction” has the meaning specified in Section 6.18(a).

Agent-Related Persons” means each Agent, together with its Related Parties.

Agents” means, collectively, the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Arrangers and the Supplemental Agents (if any).

Aggregate Commitments” means the Commitments of all the Lenders.

Agreement” means this credit agreement.

All-in Yield” means, with respect to any Indebtedness, the yield of such Indebtedness, whether in the form of interest rate, margin, OID, upfront fees, index floors or otherwise, in each case payable by the Borrowers generally to lenders, provided that OID and upfront fees shall be equated to interest rate assuming a four-year life to maturity, and shall not include arrangement fees, structuring fees, ticking fees, commitment fees, unused line fees, underwriting fees and any amendment and similar fees (regardless of whether paid in whole or in part to the relevant lenders).

Antares” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement.

Anti-Corruption Laws” has the meaning specified in Section 5.20.

Applicable Discount” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements” means customary intercreditor arrangements that are reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent (provided that, (i) in the case of Indebtedness secured by Liens ranking pari passu with the First Lien Obligations, the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement shall be deemed satisfactory and (ii) in the case of Indebtedness secured by Liens ranking pari passu with the Obligations, such arrangements shall include a customary pari passu intercreditor agreement reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and, if required by the First Lien Facilities Documentation, the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement).

Applicable Rate” means a percentage per annum equal to, with respect to the Initial Loans, 8.00% per annum for Eurocurrency Rate Loans and 7.00% per annum for Base Rate Loans.

Appropriate Lender” means, at any time, (a) with respect to the Initial Loans, a Lender that has a Commitment with respect to the Initial Loans or holds an Initial Loan, at such time, (b) with respect to any New Facility, a Lender that holds a New Loan at such time, and (c) with respect to any Specified Refinancing Debt, a Lender that holds Specified Refinancing Loans.

Approved Electronic Platform” means IntraLinks, DebtDomain, SyndTrak, ClearPar or any other electronic platform chosen by the Administrative Agent to be its electronic transmission system.

Approved Fund” means any Fund that is administered, advised or managed by (a) a Lender, (b) an Affiliate of a Lender or (c) an entity or an Affiliate of an entity that administers, advises or manages a Lender.

 

2


Arrangers” means each of JPMCB, Antares and Carlyle, in their respective capacities as exclusive joint lead arrangers and joint bookrunners.

Asset Sale” means:

(a)        the sale, conveyance, transfer or other Disposition (whether in a single transaction or a series of related transactions) of property or assets (including by way of a Sale/Leaseback Transaction) of the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary, or

(b)        the issuance or sale of Equity Interests (other than preferred stock of Subsidiaries issued in compliance with Section 7.01 and directors’ qualifying shares or shares or interests required to be held by foreign nationals or other third parties to the extent required by applicable law) of any Subsidiary (other than to a Borrower or another Subsidiary) (whether in a single transaction or a series of related transactions),

(each of the foregoing referred to in this definition as a “Disposition”). Notwithstanding the preceding, none of the following items will be deemed to be an Asset Sale:

(a)        a sale, exchange or other disposition of cash, Cash Equivalents or Investment Grade Securities, or of obsolete, damaged, unnecessary, unsuitable or worn out equipment or other assets in the ordinary course of business, or dispositions of property no longer used, useful or economically practicable to maintain in the conduct of the business of the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries (including allowing any registrations or any applications for registration of any intellectual property to lapse or become abandoned);

(b)        the sale, conveyance, lease or other disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, in compliance with the provisions of Section 7.03;

(c)        any Restricted Payment that is permitted to be made, and is made, pursuant to Section 7.05 or any Permitted Investment;

(d)        any Disposition of assets or issuance or sale of Equity Interests of any Subsidiary, in a single transaction or series of related transactions, with an aggregate Fair Market Value that is less than or equal to $8,625,000;

(e)        any transfer or Disposition of property or assets or issuance or sale of Equity Interests by a Subsidiary to a Borrower or by a Borrower or a Subsidiary to another Subsidiary;

(f)        the creation of any Lien permitted under this Agreement;

(g)        [reserved];

(h)        the sale, lease, assignment, license or sublease of inventory, equipment, accounts receivable, notes receivable or other current assets held for sale in the ordinary course of business or the conversion of accounts receivable to notes receivable or dispositions of accounts receivable in connection with the collection or compromise thereof;

(i)        the lease, assignment, license, sublicense or sublease of any real or personal property in the ordinary course of business;

(j)        a sale, assignment or other transfer of Receivables Assets, or participations therein, and related assets (i) to a Receivables Subsidiary in a Qualified Receivables Financing or (ii) to any other Person in a Qualified Receivables Factoring;

(k)        a sale, assignment or other transfer of Receivables Assets, or participations therein, and related assets by a Receivables Subsidiary in a Qualified Receivables Financing;

 

3


(l)        any exchange of assets for Related Business Assets (including a combination of Related Business Assets and a de minimis amount of cash or Cash Equivalents) of comparable or greater market value than the assets exchanged, as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower;

(m)        (i) non-exclusive licenses, sublicenses or cross-licenses of intellectual property or other general intangibles and (ii) exclusive licenses, sublicenses or cross-licenses of intellectual property or other general intangibles in the ordinary course of business of the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries of the Borrowers;

(n)        any transfer in a Sale/Leaseback Transaction of any property acquired or built after the Closing Date within 270 days after the date of acquisition or completion of construction; provided that such sale is for at least Fair Market Value;

(o)        the surrender or waiver of obligations of trade creditors or customers or other contract rights that were incurred in the ordinary course of business of the Borrowers or any Subsidiary of the Borrowers, including pursuant to any plan of reorganization or similar arrangement upon the bankruptcy or insolvency of any trade creditor or customer or compromise, settlement, release or surrender of a contract, tort or other litigation claim, arbitration or other disputes;

(p)        Dispositions arising from foreclosures, condemnations, eminent domain, seizure, nationalization or any similar action with respect to assets, dispositions of property subject to casualty events (except for purposes of calculating Net Cash Proceeds of any Asset Sale under the second and third paragraphs of Section 7.04);

(q)        Dispositions of Investments (including Equity Interests) in joint ventures to the extent required by, or made pursuant to customary buy/sell arrangements or rights of first refusal between, the joint venture parties set forth in joint venture arrangements and similar binding arrangements;

(r)        to the extent allowable under Section 1031 of the Code, any exchange of like property (excluding any boot thereon) for use in a Similar Business;

(s)        the issuance of directors’ qualifying shares and shares issued to foreign nationals to the extent required by applicable law;

(t)        Dispositions of property to the extent that (i) such property is exchanged for credit against the purchase price of similar replacement property that is promptly purchased or (ii) the proceeds of such Asset Sale are promptly applied to the purchase price of such replacement property (which replacement property is actually promptly purchased);

(u)        a sale or transfer of equipment receivables, or participations therein, and related assets; and

(v)        solely for purposes of the first paragraph of Section 7.04, the Disposition of assets that are necessary or advisable (as determined by the Parent Borrower in good faith) in order to obtain or increase the likelihood of obtaining the approval of any Governmental Authority to consummate or avoid the prohibition or other restriction on the consummation of any permitted acquisition of any Person, business or assets.

For the avoidance of doubt, the unwinding of Swap Contracts shall not be deemed to constitute an Asset Sale.

Assignee Group” means two or more Eligible Assignees that are Affiliates of one another or two or more Approved Funds managed by the same investment advisor.

 

4


Assignment and Assumption” means an assignment and assumption entered into by a Lender and an assignee (with the consent of any party whose consent is required by Section 10.07), and accepted by the Administrative Agent, in the form of Exhibit E-1 or any other form (including electronic records generated by the use of an electronic platform) approved by the Administrative Agent.

Auction Amount” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

Auction Notice” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

Bail-In Action” means the exercise of any Write-Down and Conversion Powers by the applicable EEA Resolution Authority in respect of any liability of an EEA Financial Institution.

Bail-In Legislation” means, with respect to any EEA Member Country implementing Article 55 of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union, the implementing law for such EEA Member Country from time to time which is described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule.

Bankruptcy Event” means, with respect to any Person, such Person becomes the subject of a voluntary or involuntary bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding, or has had a receiver, conservator, trustee, administrator, custodian, assignee for the benefit of creditors or similar Person charged with the reorganization or liquidation of its business appointed for it, or, in the good faith determination of the Administrative Agent, has taken any action in furtherance of, or indicating its consent to, approval of, or acquiescence in, any such proceeding or appointment or has had any order for relief in such proceeding entered in respect thereof, provided that a Bankruptcy Event shall not result solely by virtue of any ownership interest, or the acquisition of any ownership interest, in such Person by a Governmental Authority or instrumentality thereof, unless such ownership interest results in or provides such Person with immunity from the jurisdiction of courts within the United States or from the enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets or permits such Person (or such Governmental Authority or instrumentality) to reject, repudiate, disavow or disaffirm any contracts or agreements made by such Person.

Base Rate” means, for any day, a rate per annum equal to the greatest of (a) the Prime Rate in effect on such day, (b) the NYFRB Rate in effect on such day plus 12 of 1% per annum, (c) the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate for a one month Interest Period on such day (or if such day is not a Business Day, the immediately preceding Business Day) plus 1% per annum; provided that for the purpose of this clause (c), the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate for any day shall be based on the Screen Rate (or if the Screen Rate is not available for such one month Interest Period, the Interpolated Rate) at approximately 11:00 a.m. London time on such day, (d) solely with respect to Initial Loans, 2.00% per annum and (e) for any Loans that are not Initial Loans, 1.00% per annum. Any change in the Base Rate due to a change in the Prime Rate, the NYFRB Rate or the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate shall be effective from and including the effective date of such change in the Prime Rate, the NYFRB Rate or the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate, respectively. If the Base Rate is being used as an alternate rate of interest pursuant to Section 3.04 hereof, then the Base Rate shall be the greater of clauses (a) and (b) above and shall be determined without reference to clause (c) above.

Base Rate Borrowing” means a Borrowing comprising Base Rate Loans.

Base Rate Loan” means a Loan that bears interest based on the Base Rate.

Beneficial Ownership Certification” means a certification regarding beneficial ownership as required by the Beneficial Ownership Regulation.

Beneficial Ownership Regulation” means 31 C.F.R. § 1010.230.

Benefit Plan” means any of (a) an “employee benefit plan” (as defined in Section 3(3) of ERISA) that is subject to Title I of ERISA, (b) a “plan” as defined in Section 4975 of the Code to which Section 4975 of the Code applies, and (c) any Person whose assets include (for purposes of the Plan Asset Regulations or otherwise for purposes of Title I of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code) the assets of any such “employee benefit plan” or “plan”.

 

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Board of Directors” means as to any Person, the board of directors, board of managers, sole member or managing member or other governing body of such Person, or if such Person is owned or managed by a single entity or has a general partner, the board of directors, board of managers, sole member or managing member or other governing body of such entity or general partner, or in each case, any duly authorized committee thereof, and the term “directors” means members of the Board of Directors.

Borrower Joinder Agreement” means a joinder agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit N or such other form as may be agreed between the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent.

Borrower Parties” means the collective reference to the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries, and “Borrower Party” means any one of them.

Borrowers” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement and shall include any Subsidiary that is a Domestic Subsidiary that, after the Closing Date becomes a Borrower by executing a Borrower Joinder Agreement; provided that any Subsidiary that has become a Borrower after the Closing Date (a “Subsidiary Borrower”) may have its status as a Borrower terminated by delivering a notice to the Administrative Agent from the Parent Borrower and such Subsidiary Borrower electing to terminate such Subsidiary’s status as a Borrower, provided, further, that no such termination shall affect any obligation of such Subsidiary as a Guarantor or as a “Grantor” under any Loan Document.

Borrowing” means a borrowing of the same Type of Loan of a single Tranche from all the Lenders having Commitments or Loans of the respective Tranche on a given date (or resulting from a conversion or conversions on such date) having, in the case of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, the same Interest Period.

Business Day” means:

(1)        any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks are authorized to close under the Laws of, or are in fact closed in, New York City; and

(2)        if such day relates to any interest rate settings as to a Eurocurrency Rate Loan, means any such day described in clause (1) above that is also a London Banking Day.

Canadian Dollars” means freely transferable lawful money of Canada (expressed in Canadian dollars).

Capital Stock” means:

(1)        in the case of a corporation or company, corporate stock or share capital;

(2)        in the case of an association or business entity, any and all shares, interests, participations, rights or other equivalents (however designated) of corporate stock;

(3)        in the case of a partnership or limited liability company, partnership or membership interests (whether general or limited); and

(4)        any other interest or participation that confers on a Person the right to receive a share of the profits and losses of, or distributions of assets of, the issuing Person (it being understood and agreed, for the avoidance of doubt, that “cash-settled phantom appreciation programs” in connection with employee benefits that do not require a dividend or distribution shall not constitute Capital Stock).

Capitalized Lease Obligation” means at the time any determination thereof is to be made, the amount of the liability in respect of a capital lease that would at such time be required to be capitalized and reflected as a liability on a balance sheet (excluding the footnotes thereto) in accordance with GAAP.

Carlyle” means Carlyle Global Credit Investment Management L.L.C.

 

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Cash-Capped Incremental Facility” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

Cash Contribution Amount” means the aggregate amount of cash contributions made to the capital of the Borrowers or any Subsidiary Guarantor (other than from Holdings or a Subsidiary) and designated as a “Cash Contribution Amount” as described in the definition of “Contribution Indebtedness.”

Cash Equivalents” means:

(1)        Dollars, Canadian Dollars, Pounds Sterling, euros, the national currency of any participating member state of the European Union and, with respect to any Foreign Subsidiaries, other currencies held by such Foreign Subsidiary in the ordinary course of business;

(2)        securities issued or directly guaranteed or insured by the government of the United States, United Kingdom or any country that is a member of the European Union (as it is constituted on the Closing Date) or any agency or instrumentality thereof in each case with maturities not exceeding two years from the date of acquisition;

(3)        money market deposits, certificates of deposit, time deposits and eurodollar time deposits with maturities of two years or less from the date of acquisition, bankers’ acceptances, in each case with maturities not exceeding two years, and overnight bank deposits, in each case with any commercial bank having capital and surplus in excess of $250,000,000 in the case of domestic banks or $100,000,000 (or the dollar equivalent thereof) in the case of foreign banks;

(4)        repurchase obligations for underlying securities of the types described in clauses (2) and (3) above and clause (6) below entered into with any financial institution or securities dealers of recognized national standing meeting the qualifications specified in clause (3) above;

(5)        commercial paper or variable or fixed rate notes issued by a corporation or other Person (other than an Affiliate of the Borrower) rated at least “A-2” or the equivalent thereof by Moody’s or S&P (or reasonably equivalent ratings of another internationally recognized ratings agency) and in each case maturing within two years after the date of acquisition;

(6)        readily marketable direct obligations issued by any state, commonwealth or territory of the United States of America or any political subdivision or taxing authority thereof having an Investment Grade Rating from either Moody’s or S&P (or reasonably equivalent ratings of another internationally recognized ratings agency) in each case with maturities not exceeding two years from the date of acquisition;

(7)        Indebtedness issued by Persons (other than the Sponsor) with a rating of “A” or higher from S&P or “A-2” or higher from Moody’s (or reasonably equivalent ratings of another internationally recognized ratings agency) in each case with maturities not exceeding two years from the date of acquisition, and marketable short-term money market and similar securities having a rating of at least “A- 2” or “P-2” from either S&P or Moody’s (or reasonably equivalent ratings of another internationally recognized ratings agency);

(8)        investment funds investing at least 95% of their assets in investments of the types described in clauses (1) through (7) above and (9) and (10) below;

(9)            Investments with average maturities of 12 months or less from the date of acquisition in money market funds rated AAA (or the equivalent thereof) or better by S&P or Aaa3 (or the equivalent thereof) or better by Moody’s (or reasonably equivalent ratings of another internationally recognized ratings agency); and

(10)        in the case of investments by any Foreign Subsidiary or investments made in a country outside the United States of America, other investments of comparable tenor and credit quality to those

 

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described in the foregoing clauses (1) through (9) customarily utilized in the countries where such Foreign Subsidiary is located or in which such investment is made.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, Cash Equivalents shall include amounts denominated in currencies other than those set forth in clause (1) above; provided that such amounts are converted into any currency listed in clause (1) as promptly as practicable and in any event within ten Business Days following the receipt of such amounts.

Cash Management Agreement” means any agreement or arrangement to provide Cash Management Services to Holdings or any Subsidiary.

Cash Management Services” means any of the following to the extent not constituting a line of credit (other than an overnight draft facility that is not in default); automated clearing house transactions, treasury and/or cash management services, including, without limitation, treasury, depository, overdraft, credit, purchasing or debit card, non-card e-payable services, electronic funds transfer, treasury management services (including controlled disbursement services, overdraft automatic clearing house fund transfer services, return items and interstate depository network services), other demand deposit or operating account relationships, foreign exchange facilities, and merchant services.

Casualty Event” means any event that gives rise to the receipt by the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary of any casualty insurance proceeds or condemnation awards or that gives rise to a taking by a Governmental Authority in respect of any equipment, fixed assets or real property (including any improvements thereon) to replace, restore or repair, or compensate for the loss of, such equipment, fixed assets or real property.

CERCLA” means the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980.

CERCLIS” means the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Information System maintained by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Change in Law” means the occurrence after the date of this Agreement or, with respect to any Lender, such later date on which such Lender becomes a party to this Agreement) of (a) the adoption of or taking effect of any law, rule, regulation or treaty, (b) any change in any law, rule, regulation or treaty or in the administration, interpretation, implementation or application thereof by any Governmental Authority or (c) compliance by any Lender (or, for purposes of Section 2.15(b), by any lending office of such Lender or by such Lender’s holding company, if any) with any request, guideline or directive (whether or not having the force of law) of any Governmental Authority made or issued after the date of this Agreement; provided that, notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, (x) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and all requests, rules, guidelines or directives thereunder or issued in connection therewith or in the implementation thereof and (y) all requests, rules, guidelines or directives promulgated by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any successor or similar authority) or the United States or foreign regulatory authorities, in each case pursuant to Basel III, shall, in each case, be deemed to be a “Change in Law,” regardless of the date enacted, adopted, issued or implemented.

A “Change of Control” will be deemed to occur if:

(a)        at any time, Holdings ceases to own, directly or indirectly, beneficially or of record, 100% of the issued and outstanding Equity Interests of the Parent Borrower; or

(b)        at any time prior to the consummation of a Qualified IPO, the Permitted Holders, taken together, shall cease to beneficially own (within the meaning of Rule 13d-5 under the Exchange Act), directly or indirectly, at least a majority of the Voting Stock of Holdings (determined on a fully diluted basis); or

(c)        at any time after the consummation of a Qualified IPO, any person or “group” (within the meaning of Rule 13d-5 under the Exchange Act, but excluding any employee benefit plan of such person

 

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and its subsidiaries and any person or entity acting in its capacity as trustee, agent or other fiduciary or administrator of any such plan), other than the Permitted Holders, acquires beneficial ownership (within the meaning of Rule 13d-5 under the Exchange Act) of Voting Stock of Holdings representing both (i) more than 35% of the aggregate ordinary voting power for the election of directors of Holdings and (ii) more than the percentage of the aggregate ordinary voting power for the election of directors of Holdings that is at the time beneficially owned (within the meaning of Rule 13d-5 under the Exchange Act), directly or indirectly, by the Permitted Holders, taken together; or

(d)    the sale, lease or transfer, in one or a series of related transactions, of all or substantially all of the assets of the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, to any Person other than a Borrower or a Subsidiary Guarantor; or

(e)    at any time, a Change of Control (as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement) shall have occurred.

Closing Date” means August 2, 2018.

Code” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Collateral” means all of the “Collateral” (or similar term) referred to in the Collateral Documents and all of the other property and assets that are or are required under the terms of the Collateral Documents to be subject to Liens in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties.

Collateral Agent” means Antares, acting through such of its Affiliates or branches as it may designate, in its capacity as collateral agent under any of the Loan Documents, or any successor collateral agent permitted by the terms hereof.

Collateral Documents” means, collectively, the Security Agreement, the Intellectual Property Security Agreement, the Mortgages (if any), each of the mortgages, collateral assignments, Security Agreement Supplements, Intellectual Property Security Agreement Supplements, security agreements, pledge agreements or other similar agreements delivered to the Collateral Agent pursuant to Section 6.12, Section 6.14 or Section 6.16, and each of the other agreements, instruments or documents that creates or purports to create a Lien in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties.

Commitment” means, with respect to each Lender, such Lender’s Initial Commitment, Commitment Increase, New Commitment or Specified Refinancing Commitment. The amount of each Lender’s Initial Commitment is as set forth in the definition thereof and the amount of each Lender’s other Commitments shall be as set forth in the Assignment and Assumption, or in the amendment or agreement relating to the respective Commitment Increase, New Commitment or Specified Refinancing Commitment pursuant to which such Lender shall have assumed its Commitment, as the case may be, as such amounts may be adjusted from time to time in accordance with this Agreement.

Commitment Increase” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

Committed Loan Notice” means a notice of (a) a Borrowing, (b) a conversion of Loans from one Type to the other or (c) a continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, pursuant to Section 2.02(a), which shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit A-1.

Company Competitor” means any Person that competes with the business of Holdings, the Borrowers and their direct and indirect Subsidiaries from time to time.

Compliance Certificate” means a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit D or such other form as may be agreed between the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent.

 

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Consolidated Current Assets” means, with respect to any Person and its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, all assets of such Person and its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis that, in accordance with GAAP, would be classified as current assets on the balance sheet of a company conducting a business the same as or similar to that of such Person and its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, after deducting appropriate and adequate reserves therefrom in each case in which a reserve is proper in accordance with GAAP, but excluding (i) cash, (ii) Cash Equivalents, (iii) Swap Contracts to the extent that the mark-to-market Swap Termination Value would be reflected as an asset on the consolidated balance sheet of such Person, (iv) deferred financing fees, (v) amounts related to current or deferred taxes (but excluding assets held for sale, loans (permitted) to third parties, pension assets, deferred bank fees and derivative financial instruments) (so long as the items described in clauses (iv) and (v) are non-cash items) and (vi) in the event that a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing is accounted for off balance sheet, (x) gross accounts receivable comprising part of the receivables and other related assets subject to such Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing, as applicable, minus (y) collection by such Person against the amounts sold pursuant to clause (x) above.

Consolidated Current Liabilities” means, with respect to any Person and its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, all liabilities in accordance with GAAP that would be classified as current liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet of such Person, but excluding (a) the current portion of Indebtedness (including the Swap Termination Value of any Swap Contracts) to the extent reflected as a liability on the consolidated balance sheet of such Person, (b) the current portion of interest, (c) accruals for current or deferred taxes based on income or profits, (d) accruals of any costs or expenses related to restructuring reserves or severance, (e) deferred revenue, (f) escrow account balances, (g) the current portion of pension liabilities, (h) liabilities in respect of unpaid earn-outs, (i) amounts related to derivative financial instruments and assets held for sale and (j) any letter of credit obligations or revolving credit loans and any letter of credit obligations, swing line loans or revolving loans under any other revolving credit facility.

Consolidated EBITDA” means, with respect to any Person and its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis for any period, the Consolidated Net Income of such Person and its Subsidiaries for such period:

(1)        increased, in each case (other than with respect to clauses (k) and (m) below) to the extent deducted and not added back or excluded in calculating such Consolidated Net Income (and without duplication), by:

(a)        provision for taxes based on income, profits or capital, including federal, state, franchise, excise, property and similar taxes and foreign withholding taxes paid or accrued, including giving effect to any penalties and interest with respect thereto, and state taxes in lieu of business fees (including business license fees) and payroll tax credits, income tax credits and similar credits and including an amount equal to the amount of tax distributions actually made to the holders of Equity Interests of such Person or its Subsidiaries or any direct or indirect parent of such Person or its Subsidiaries in respect of such period (in each case, to the extent attributable to the operations of such Person and its Subsidiaries), which shall be included as though such amounts had been paid as income taxes directly by such Person or its Subsidiaries; plus

(b)        Consolidated Interest Expense; plus

(c)        all depreciation and amortization charges and expenses, including amortization or expense recorded for upfront payments related to any contract signing and signing bonus and incentive payments; plus

(d)        minority interest expense and the amount of any non-controlling interest expense consisting of income attributable to non-controlling interests of third parties in any Subsidiary of such Person that is not a Wholly Owned Subsidiary of such Person; plus

(e)        the amount of management, monitoring, consulting, transaction and advisory fees (including termination fees) and related indemnities, charges and expenses paid or accrued to or on behalf of any direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers or any of the Permitted Holders, in each case, to the extent permitted by Section 6.18; plus

 

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(f)        earn-out obligations incurred in connection with any acquisition or other Investment and paid or accrued during the applicable period, including any mark to market adjustments; plus

(g)        all charges, costs, expenses, accruals or reserves in connection with the rollover, acceleration or payout of equity interests held by management and all losses, charges and expenses related to payments made to holders of options or other derivative equity interests in the common equity of such Person or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower in connection with, or as a result of, any distribution being made to equityholders of such Person or any of its direct or indirect parents, which payments are being made to compensate such optionholders as though they were equityholders at the time of, and entitled to share in, such distribution; plus

(h)        all non-cash losses, charges and expenses, including any write-offs or write-downs; provided that if any such non-cash loss, charge or expense represents an accrual or reserve for potential cash items in any future four-fiscal quarter period, (i) such Person may determine not to add back such non-cash loss, charge or expense in the period for which Consolidated EBITDA is being calculated and (ii) to the extent such Person does decide to add back such non-cash loss, charge or expense, the cash payment in respect thereof in such future four-fiscal quarter period will be subtracted from Consolidated EBITDA for such future four-fiscal quarter period; plus

(i)        all costs and expenses in connection with pre-opening and opening and closure and/or consolidation of facilities; plus

(j)        restructuring charges, accruals or reserves and business optimization expense, including any restructuring costs and integration costs incurred in connection with the Transactions and any other acquisitions, start-up costs (including entry into new market/channels and new service offerings), costs related to the closure, relocation, reconfiguration and/or consolidation of facilities and costs to relocate employees, integration and transaction costs, retention charges, severance, contract termination costs, recruiting and signing bonuses and expenses, future lease commitments, systems establishment costs, conversion costs and excess pension charges and consulting fees, expenses attributable to the implementation of costs savings initiatives, costs associated with tax projects/audits, expenses relating to any decommissioning or reconfiguration of fixed assets for alternative uses and costs consisting of professional consulting or other fees relating to any of the foregoing; plus

(k)        Pro Forma Cost Savings; provided that any amounts added back pursuant to this clause (k) shall be set forth in reasonable detail in a certificate of a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower and delivered to the Administrative Agent; provided, further, that the aggregate amount added back pursuant to clause (k) for any period shall not exceed 30% of total Consolidated EBITDA for such period (calculated after giving effect to any increase pursuant to this clause (k)); plus

(l)        [reserved]; plus

(m)        the amount of loss or discount on sale of receivables and related assets to the Receivables Subsidiary in connection with a Receivables Financing;

(2)        decreased (without duplication and to the extent increasing such Consolidated Net Income for such period) by (i) non-cash gains or income, excluding any non-cash gains that represent the reversal of any accrual of, or cash reserve for, anticipated cash charges that were deducted (and not added back) in the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA for any prior period ending after the Closing Date and (ii) the amount of any minority interest income consisting of a Subsidiary loss attributable to minority equity interest of third parties in any non-Wholly Owned Subsidiary (to the extent not deducted from Consolidated Net Income for such period);

 

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(3)        increased (with respect to losses) or decreased (with respect to gains) by, without duplication, any net realized gains and losses relating to (i) amounts denominated in foreign currencies resulting from the application of FASB ASC 830 (including net realized gains and losses from exchange rate fluctuations on intercompany balances and balance sheet items, net of realized gains or losses from related Swap Contracts (entered into in the ordinary course of business or consistent with past practice)) or (ii) any other amounts denominated in or otherwise trued-up to provide similar accounting as if it were denominated in foreign currencies; and

(4)        increased (with respect to losses) or decreased (with respect to gains) by, without duplication, any gain or loss relating to Swap Contracts (excluding Swap Contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business or consistent with past practice).

In addition, to the extent not already included in the Consolidated EBITDA in any period, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the foregoing, Consolidated EBITDA shall include additional adjustments of the type (1) evidenced by or contained in the Sponsor Model delivered to Administrative Agent on June 20, 2018, and/or (2) evidenced by or contained in a due diligence quality of earnings report made available to the Administrative Agent (who may share with the Lenders) (subject, in each case, to customary access letters) prepared with respect to the target of a permitted acquisition or other investment permitted hereunder by a “big-four” nationally recognized accounting firm.

Notwithstanding the foregoing and subject to adjustment on a Pro Forma Basis for events occurring after the Closing Date, Consolidated EBITDA (a) for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2017, shall be deemed to be $11,444,465.65, (b) for the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2017, shall be deemed to be $9,320,522.51, (c) for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2018, shall be deemed to be $14,931,051.01 and (d) for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2018, shall be deemed to be $12,368,538.40.

Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio” means, on any date of determination, with respect to the Borrower Parties on a consolidated basis, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Funded First Lien Indebtedness (less the amount of unrestricted cash and Cash Equivalents of the Borrower Parties as of such date in an aggregate amount not to exceed $15,000,000) of the Borrower Parties on such date to (b) Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower Parties for the four fiscal quarter period most recently then ended for which financial statements have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) or (b), as applicable.

Consolidated Funded First Lien Indebtedness” means Consolidated Funded Indebtedness that is secured by a Lien on the Collateral that does not rank junior in priority (but without regard to the control of remedies) to the Liens on the Collateral securing the First Lien Obligations. For the avoidance of doubt, Consolidated Funded First Lien Indebtedness shall not include Capitalized Lease Obligations other than those that are secured on an equal priority basis with the Liens on the Collateral securing the First Lien Obligations.

Consolidated Funded Indebtedness” means all Indebtedness of the type described in clauses (a)(i), (a)(ii) (but excluding surety bonds, performance bonds or other similar instruments), (a)(iv) (but solely in respect of the amount of outstanding Indebtedness of the type described in (a)(iv) that is in excess of $5,000,000 in the aggregate) and (b) (in respect of Indebtedness of the type described in (a)(i), (a)(ii) (but excluding Indebtedness constituting surety bonds, performance bonds or other similar instruments) and (a)(iv) (but solely in respect of the amount of Indebtedness of the type described in (a)(iv) that is in excess of $5,000,000 in the aggregate)) of the definition of “Indebtedness,” of a Person and its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, in an amount that would be reflected on a balance sheet prepared as of such date on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP (but (x) excluding the effects of any discounting of Indebtedness resulting from the application of purchase accounting in connection with the Transactions or any acquisition and (y) any Indebtedness that is issued at a discount to its initial principal amount shall be calculated based on the entire stated principal amount thereof, without giving effect to any discounts or upfront payments), excluding obligations in respect of letters of credit, bank guarantees and guarantees on first demand, in each case, except to the extent of unreimbursed amounts thereunder. For the avoidance of doubt, it is understood that obligations under Swap Contracts, Cash Management Agreements, and any Receivables Financing, do not constitute Consolidated Funded Indebtedness.

 

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Consolidated Funded Senior Secured Indebtedness” means Consolidated Funded Indebtedness that is secured by a Lien on the Collateral.

Consolidated Interest Expense” means, with respect to any Person for any period, the sum, without duplication, of:

(a)        the aggregate interest expense of such Person and its Subsidiaries for such period, calculated on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP, to the extent such expense was deducted (and not added back) in computing Consolidated Net Income (including pay in kind interest payments, amortization of original issue discount, the interest component of Capitalized Lease Obligations and net payments and receipts (if any) pursuant to interest rate Swap Contracts (other than in connection with the early termination thereof) but excluding any non-cash interest expense attributable to the movement in the mark-to-market valuation of Indebtedness, Swap Contracts or other derivative instruments, all amortization and write-offs of deferred financing fees, debt issuance costs, commissions, discounts, fees and expenses and expensing of any bridge, commitment or other financing fees, costs of surety bonds, charges owed with respect to letters of credit, bankers’ acceptances or similar facilities, and all discounts, commissions, fees and other charges associated with any Receivables Financing); plus

(b)        consolidated capitalized interest of the referent Person and its Subsidiaries for such period, whether paid or accrued; less

(c)        interest income of the referent Person and its Subsidiaries for such period;

provided that (a) when determining Consolidated Interest Expense in respect of any four-quarter period ending prior to the first anniversary of the Closing Date, Consolidated Interest Expense will be calculated by multiplying the aggregate Consolidated Interest Expense accrued since the Closing Date by 365 and then dividing such product by the number of days from and including the Closing Date to and including the last day of such period and (b) in the case of any Person that became a Subsidiary of such Person after the commencement of such four-quarter period, the interest expense of such Person paid in cash prior to the date on which it became a Subsidiary of such Person will be disregarded. For purposes of this definition, interest on Capitalized Lease Obligations will be deemed to accrue at the interest rate reasonably determined by such Person to be the rate of interest implicit in such Capitalized Lease Obligations in accordance with GAAP.

Consolidated Net Income” means, with respect to any Person for any period, the aggregate of the net income (or loss) of such Person and its Subsidiaries for such period, calculated on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP and before any reduction in respect of Preferred Stock dividends; provided that (without duplication):

(a)        all net after-tax extraordinary, nonrecurring, infrequent, exceptional or unusual gains, losses, income, expenses and charges, and in any event including, without limitation, all restructuring, severance, relocation, retention and completion bonuses or payments, consolidation, integration or other similar charges and expenses, contract termination costs, system establishment charges, conversion costs, start-up or closure or transition costs, expenses related to any reconstruction, decommissioning, recommissioning or reconfiguration of fixed assets for alternative uses, fees, expenses or charges relating to curtailments, settlements or modifications to pension and post-retirement employee benefit plans in connection with any acquisition or Permitted Investment, expenses associated with strategic initiatives, facilities shutdown and opening costs, and any fees, expenses, charges or change in control payments related to any acquisition or Permitted Investment (including any transition-related expenses (including retention or transaction-related bonuses or payments) incurred before, on or after the Closing Date), will be excluded;

(b)        all (i) losses, charges and expenses related to the Transactions, (ii) transaction fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection with the consummation of any equity issuances, investments, acquisitions, dispositions, recapitalizations, mergers, amalgamations, option buyouts and the Incurrence, modification or repayment of Indebtedness permitted to be Incurred under this Agreement (including any Refinancing Indebtedness in respect thereof) or any amendments, waivers or other modifications under the agreements relating to such Indebtedness or similar transactions, and (iii) without duplication of any of the

 

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foregoing, non-operating or non-recurring professional fees, costs and expenses for such period will be excluded;

(c)    all net after-tax income, loss, expense or charge from abandoned, closed or discontinued operations and any net after-tax gain or loss on the disposal of abandoned, closed or discontinued operations (and all related expenses) other than in the ordinary course of business (as determined in good faith by such Person) will be excluded;

(d)        all net after-tax gain, loss, expense or charge attributable to business dispositions and asset dispositions, including the sale or other disposition of any Equity Interests of any Person, other than in the ordinary course of business (as determined in good faith by such Person), will be excluded;

(e)        all net after-tax income, loss, expense or charge attributable to the early extinguishment or cancellation of Indebtedness, Swap Contracts or other derivative instruments (including deferred financing costs written off and premiums paid) will be excluded;

(f)        all non-cash gains, losses, expenses or charges attributable to the movement in the mark-to-market valuation of Indebtedness, Swap Contracts or other derivative instruments will be excluded;

(g)        any non-cash or unrealized currency translation gains and losses related to changes in currency exchange rates (including, without limitation, remeasurements of Indebtedness and any net loss or gain resulting from (i) Swap Contracts for currency exchange risk and (ii) intercompany Indebtedness), will be excluded;

(h)        (i) the net income for such period of any Person that is not a Subsidiary of the referent Person or that is accounted for by the equity method of accounting, will be included only to the extent of the amount of dividends or distributions to the referent Person or a Subsidiary thereof in respect of such period; and (ii) the net income for such period will include any ordinary course dividends or distributions received from any such Person during such period in excess of the amounts included in subclause (i) above;

(i)        the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principles and changes as a result of the adoption or modification of accounting policies will be excluded;

(j)        the effects of purchase accounting, fair value accounting or recapitalization accounting adjustments (including the effects of such adjustments pushed down to the referent Person and its Subsidiaries) resulting from the application of purchase accounting, fair value accounting or recapitalization accounting in relation to any acquisition consummated before or after the Closing Date, and the amortization, write-down or write-off of any amounts thereof, net of taxes, will be excluded;

(k)        all non-cash impairment charges and asset write-ups, write-downs and write-offs, in each case pursuant to GAAP, and the amortization of intangibles arising from the application of GAAP will be excluded;

(l)        all non-cash expenses realized in connection with or resulting from equity or equity-linked compensation plans, employee benefit plans or agreements or post-employment benefit plans or agreements, or grants or sales of stock, stock appreciation or similar rights, stock options, restricted stock, preferred stock or other similar rights will be excluded;

(m)        any costs or expenses incurred in connection with the payment of dividend equivalent rights to option holders pursuant to any management equity plan, stock option plan or any other management or employee benefit plan or agreement or post-employment benefit plan or agreement will be excluded;

(n)        accruals and reserves for liabilities or expenses that are established or adjusted as a result of the Transactions within 24 months after the Closing Date will be excluded;

 

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(o)        all amortization and write-offs of deferred financing fees, debt issuance costs, commissions, fees and expenses, costs of surety bonds, charges owed with respect to letters of credit, bankers’ acceptances or similar facilities, and expensing of any bridge, commitment or other financing fees (including in connection with a transaction undertaken but not completed), will be excluded;

(p)        all discounts, commissions, fees and other charges (including interest expense) associated with any Receivables Financing will be excluded;

(q)        (i) the non-cash portion of “straight-line” rent expense will be excluded and (ii) the cash portion of “straight-line” rent expense that exceeds the amount expensed in respect of such rent expense will be included;

(r)        expenses and lost profits with respect to liability or casualty events or business interruption will be disregarded to the extent covered by insurance and actually reimbursed, or, so long as such Person has made a determination that there exists reasonable evidence that such amount will in fact be reimbursed by the insurer, but only to the extent that such amount (i) has not been denied by the applicable carrier in writing and (ii) is in fact reimbursed within 365 days of the date on which such liability was discovered or such casualty event or business interruption occurred (with a deduction for any amounts so added back that are not reimbursed within such 365-day period); provided that any proceeds of such reimbursement when received will be excluded from the calculation of Consolidated Net Income to the extent the expense or lost profit reimbursed was previously disregarded pursuant to this clause (r);

(s)        losses, charges and expenses that are covered by indemnification or other reimbursement provisions in connection with any asset disposition will be excluded to the extent actually reimbursed, or, so long as such Person has made a determination that a reasonable basis exists for indemnification or reimbursement, but only to the extent that such amount is in fact indemnified or reimbursed within 365 days of such determination (with a deduction in the applicable future period for any amount so added back to the extent not so indemnified or reimbursed within such 365 days);

(t)        non-cash charges relating to increases or decreases of deferred tax asset valuation allowances will be excluded;

(u)        [reserved];

(v)        solely for the purpose of determining the amount available for Restricted Payments under clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05, and without duplication of provisions under clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05 with respect to returns on Investments, the net income (or loss) for such period of any Subsidiary (other than a Guarantor) will be excluded to the extent that the declaration or payment of dividends or similar distributions by that Subsidiary is not at the date of determination permitted without any prior governmental approval (which has not been obtained) or, directly or indirectly, by the operation of its charter or any agreement, instrument, judgment, decree, order, statute, rule or governmental regulation applicable to that Subsidiary or its stockholders, unless such restriction with respect to the payment of dividends or similar distributions has been legally waived; provided that Consolidated Net Income of such Person will be increased by the amount of dividends or other distributions or other payments actually paid in cash (or to the extent converted into cash) to such Person or any of its Subsidiaries in respect of such period, to the extent not already included therein (subject, in the case of a dividend to another Subsidiary (other than a Guarantor), to the limitation contained in this clause);

(w)        any Initial Public Company Costs will be excluded;

(x)        any (a) severance or relocation costs or expenses, (b) one-time non-cash compensation charges, (c) the costs and expenses related to employment of terminated employees, or (d) costs or expenses realized in connection with or resulting from stock appreciation or similar rights, stock options or other rights of officers, directors and employees, in each case of such Person or any of its Subsidiaries, shall be excluded; and

 

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(y)     any non-cash interest expense and non-cash interest income, in each case to the extent there is no associated cash disbursement or receipt, as the case may be, before the then applicable Latest Maturity Date, shall be excluded.

For the purpose of Section 7.05 only, there shall be excluded from Consolidated Net Income any income arising from the sale or other disposition of Restricted Investments, from repurchases or redemptions of Restricted Investments, from repayments of loans or advances which constituted Restricted Investments or from any dividends, repayments of loans or advances or other transfers of assets, in each case to the extent such amounts increase the amount of Restricted Payments permitted under clause (c)(v) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05.

Consolidated Net Tangible Assets” means the aggregate amount of assets (including deferred tax assets (without reducing such deferred tax assets by deferred tax liabilities), and less applicable reserves and other properly deductible items) after deducting therefrom all goodwill, trade names, trademarks, patents, unamortized debt discount and expense, investments and other like intangibles, all as set forth in the most recent consolidated balance sheet of the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries, determined on a Pro Forma Basis.

Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio” means, on any date of determination, with respect to the Borrower Parties on a consolidated basis, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Funded Senior Secured Indebtedness (less the amount of cash and unrestricted Cash Equivalents of the Borrower Parties as of such date in an aggregate amount not to exceed $15,000,000) of the Borrower Parties on such date, calculated on a Pro Forma Basis to (b) Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower Parties for the four fiscal quarter period most recently then ended for which financial statements have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) or 6.01(b), as applicable, calculated on a Pro Forma Basis.

Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio” means, on any date of determination, with respect to the Borrower Parties on a consolidated basis, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Funded Indebtedness (less the amount of unrestricted cash and Cash Equivalents of the Borrower Parties as of such date in an aggregate amount not to exceed $15,000,000) of the Borrower Parties on such date, calculated on a Pro Forma Basis to (b) Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower Parties for the four fiscal quarter period most recently then ended for which financial statements have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) or (b), as applicable, calculated on a Pro Forma Basis.

Contingent Obligations” means, with respect to any Person, any obligation of such Person guaranteeing any leases, dividends or other obligations that do not constitute Indebtedness (“primary obligations”) of any other Person (the “primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, including, without limitation, any obligation of such Person, whether or not contingent:

(1)     to purchase any such primary obligation or any property constituting direct or indirect security therefor,

(2)     to advance or supply funds:

(a)     for the purchase or payment of any such primary obligation; or

(b)     to maintain working capital or equity capital of the primary obligor or otherwise to maintain the net worth or solvency of the primary obligor; or

(3)     to purchase property, securities or services primarily for the purpose of assuring the owner of any such primary obligation of the ability of the primary obligor to make payment of such primary obligation against loss in respect thereof.

Contractual Obligation” means, as to any Person, any provision of any security issued by such Person or of any agreement, loan agreement, indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, lease, instrument or other undertaking to which such Person is a party or by which it or any of its property is bound.

 

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Contribution Indebtedness” means Indebtedness of the Borrowers or any Subsidiary in an aggregate principal amount not greater than the aggregate amount of cash contributions (other than Excluded Contributions) made to the capital of the Parent Borrower (other than any such cash contributions applied to cure any default under any “equity cure” provisions with respect to any financial covenant under the First Lien Credit Agreement) or any Subsidiary (other than, in the case of such Subsidiary, contributions by the Parent Borrower or any other Subsidiary to its capital) after the Closing Date and designated as a Cash Contribution Amount; provided that such Contribution Indebtedness (a) is incurred within 210 days after the date of such cash contribution and (b) is designated as Contribution Indebtedness pursuant to a certificate signed by a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower on the incurrence date thereof.

Control Investment Affiliate” means, as to any Person, any other Person that (a) directly or indirectly, is in control of, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such Person and (b) is organized by such Person primarily for the purpose of making equity investments in one or more companies.

Controlled Foreign Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower (or of any Subsidiary Guarantor) that is a “controlled foreign corporation” within the meaning of Section 957 of the Code.

Credit Agreement” means (i) this Agreement and (ii) whether or not this Agreement remains outstanding, if designated by the Parent Borrower to be included in the definition of “Credit Agreement,” one or more (A) debt facilities, indentures or commercial paper facilities providing for revolving credit loans, term loans, notes, debentures, receivables financing (including through the sale of receivables to lenders or to special purpose entities formed to borrow from lenders against such receivables) or letters of credit, (B) debt securities, notes, mortgages, guarantees, collateral documents, indentures or other forms of debt financing (including convertible or exchangeable debt instruments or bank guarantees or bankers’ acceptances), or (C) instruments or agreements evidencing any other Indebtedness, in each case, with the same or different borrower(s) or issuer(s) and, in each case, as amended, supplemented, modified, extended, restructured, renewed, refinanced, restated, increased (provided that such increase in borrowings is permitted under this Agreement), replaced or refunded in whole or in part from time to time and whether by the same or any other agent, lender or investor or group of lenders or investors.

Credit Extension” means a Borrowing.

Debt Fund Affiliate” means any Affiliate of the Sponsor (other than Holdings and its Subsidiaries) that is primarily engaged in, or advises funds or other investment vehicles that are engaged in, making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans, bonds and similar extensions of credit or securities in the ordinary course and with respect to which the Sponsor does not, directly or indirectly, possess the power to direct or cause the direction of the investment policies of any such Affiliate. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall a Natural Person be a Debt Fund Affiliate.

Debtor Relief Laws” means the Bankruptcy Code of the United States, and all other liquidation, conservatorship, bankruptcy, assignment for the benefit of creditors, moratorium, rearrangement, receivership, insolvency, reorganization, or similar debtor relief Laws of the United States or other applicable jurisdictions from time to time in effect and affecting the rights of creditors generally.

Declined Amounts” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(c).

Declining Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(c).

Default” means any event or condition that constitutes an Event of Default or that, with the giving of any notice, the passage of time, or both, would be an Event of Default.

Default Rate” means an interest rate equal to (after as well as before judgment), (a) with respect to any overdue principal for any Loan, the applicable interest rate for such Loan plus 2.00% per annum (provided that with respect to Eurocurrency Rate Loans, the determination of the applicable interest rate is subject to Section 2.02(c) to the extent that Eurocurrency Rate Loans may not be converted to, or continued as, Eurocurrency Rate Loans, pursuant thereto) and (b) with respect to any other overdue amount, including overdue interest, the interest rate

 

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applicable to Base Rate Loans plus 2.00% per annum, in each case, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws.

Defaulting Lender” means, subject to Section 2.17(b), any Lender that (a) has failed to perform any of its funding obligations hereunder, including in respect of its Loans within two Business Days of the date required to be funded by it hereunder, (b) has notified the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent in writing that it does not intend or expect to comply with any of its funding obligations or has made a public statement to that effect with respect to its funding obligations hereunder, (c) has failed, within two Business Days after reasonable request by the Administrative Agent, to confirm in a manner satisfactory to the Administrative Agent that it will comply with its funding obligations (provided that such Lender shall cease to be a Defaulting Lender pursuant to this clause (c) upon receipt of such confirmation by the Administrative Agent) or (d) has, or has a direct or indirect parent company that has, other than via an Undisclosed Administration, (i) become the subject of a Bankruptcy Event, (ii) had a receiver, conservator, trustee, administrator, assignee for the benefit of creditors or similar Person charged with reorganization or liquidation of its business or a custodian appointed for it, (iii) taken any action in furtherance of, or indicated its consent to, approval of or acquiescence in any such proceeding or appointment or (iv) become the subject of a Bail-in Action; provided that no Lender shall be a Defaulting Lender solely by virtue of (x) the ownership or acquisition by a Governmental Authority of any Equity Interest in that Lender or any direct or indirect parent company thereof so long as such ownership interest does not result in or provide such Lender with immunity from the jurisdiction of courts within the United States or from the enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets or permit such Lender (or such Governmental Authority) to reject, repudiate, disavow or disaffirm any contracts or agreements made with such Lender, or (y) the occurrence of any of the events described in clause (d)(i), (d)(ii) or (d)(iii) of this definition which in each case has been dismissed or terminated prior to the date of this Agreement. Any determination by the Administrative Agent that a Lender is a Defaulting Lender under any one or more of clauses (a) through (d) above shall be conclusive and binding absent manifest error, and such Lender shall be deemed to be a Defaulting Lender (subject to Section 2.17(b)) upon delivery of written notice of such determination to the Parent Borrower and each Lender.

Designated Non-Cash Consideration” means the Fair Market Value of non-cash consideration received by the Parent Borrower or any of the Subsidiaries in connection with a Disposition made pursuant to Section 7.04(2)(c) that is designated as “Designated Non-Cash Consideration” on the date received pursuant to a certificate of a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower, less the amount of cash or Cash Equivalents received in connection with a subsequent sale of or collection on such Designated Non-Cash Consideration.

Designated Preferred Stock” means Preferred Stock of Holdings or any direct or indirect parent of Holdings, as applicable (other than Excluded Equity), that is issued after the Closing Date for cash and is so designated as Designated Preferred Stock, pursuant to an officer’s certificate of the Parent Borrower, on the issuance date thereof, the cash proceeds of which are contributed to the capital of the Parent Borrower (if issued by Holdings or any other direct or indirect parent of Holdings) and excluded from the calculation set forth in clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05.

Discharge of First Lien Credit Agreement Obligations” has the meaning given to such term in the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

Discount Range” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

Disposition” or “Dispose” means the sale, transfer, license, lease or other disposition of any property by any Person (including any sale and leaseback transaction and any issuance of Capital Stock by a Subsidiary of such Person), including any sale, assignment, transfer or other disposal, with or without recourse, of any notes or accounts receivable or any rights and claims associated therewith; provided, however, that “Disposition” and “Dispose” shall not be deemed to include any issuance by Holdings of any of its Capital Stock to another Person.

Disqualified Institution” means (a) each person identified as a “Disqualified Institution” on a list delivered to the Administrative Agent by the Parent Borrower on or prior to the Closing Date, (b) any Company Competitor identified on a list delivered to the Administrative Agent by the Parent Borrower from time to time and (c) as to any entity referenced in each of clauses (a) and (b) above (the “Primary Disqualified Institution”), any of such Primary Disqualified Institution’s Affiliates clearly identifiable as an Affiliate solely on the basis of the similarity of its

 

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name, but excluding any Affiliate that is primarily engaged in, or that advises funds or other investment vehicles that are engaged in, making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans, bonds and similar extensions of credit or securities in the ordinary course and with respect to which the Primary Disqualified Institution does not, directly or indirectly, possess the power to direct or cause the direction of the investment policies of such entity; provided that any additional designation, modification or deletion permitted by the foregoing shall not apply (i) retroactively to any prior assignment to any Lender or Participant and (ii) until at least three Business Days following receipt of such list by the Administrative Agent sent to loanadmin@antaresholdingsgp.com from the Parent Borrower. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any list of Disqualified Institutions shall only be required to be available to any Lender on the Approved Electronic Platform or another similar electronic system (i) to the extent the Parent Borrower desires to prevent any such Disqualified Institution from being a Lender or a Participant or (ii) upon written request by such Lender. For the purposes of clause (b), such list shall be made available to the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 10.02.

Disqualified Stock” means, with respect to any Person, any Equity Interests of such Person that, by its terms (or by the terms of any security into which it is convertible or for which it is puttable, redeemable or exchangeable), in each case, at the option of the holder thereof or upon the happening of any event:

(1)     matures or is mandatorily redeemable, pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise (other than as a result of a change of control or asset sale; provided that any purchase requirement triggered thereby may not become operative until compliance with, in the case of an asset sale, the provisions of Section 7.04 or, in the case of a change of control, the repayment in full of the Obligations),

(2)     is convertible or exchangeable for Indebtedness or Disqualified Stock, or

(3)     is redeemable at the option of the holder thereof, in whole or in part,

in each case prior to the date that is 91 days after the Latest Maturity Date at the time of issuance of the respective Disqualified Stock; provided that only the portion of Equity Interests that so matures or is mandatorily redeemable, is so convertible or exchangeable or is so redeemable at the option of the holder thereof prior to such date shall be deemed to be Disqualified Stock; provided, further, that if such Equity Interests are issued to any employee or to any plan for the benefit of employees of the Parent Borrower or its Subsidiaries or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower or by any such plan to such employees, such Equity Interests shall not constitute Disqualified Stock solely because it may be required to be repurchased by the Parent Borrower or its Subsidiaries or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower in order to satisfy applicable statutory or regulatory obligations or as a result of such employee’s termination, death or disability; provided, further, that any class of Equity Interests of such Person that by its terms authorizes such Person to satisfy its obligations thereunder by delivery of Equity Interests that are not Disqualified Stock shall not be deemed to be Disqualified Stock.

Dollar” and “$” mean lawful money of the United States.

Dollar Equivalent” means, for any amount, at the time of determination thereof, (a) if such amount is expressed in Dollars, such amount, and (b) if such amount is denominated in any other currency, the equivalent of such amount in Dollars as determined by the Administrative Agent using any method of determination it deems appropriate in its sole discretion.

Domestic Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower that is organized under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia.

Dutch Auction” means an auction (an “Auction”) conducted by Holdings or one of its Subsidiaries in order to purchase any Loans under a Tranche (the “Purchase”) in accordance with the following procedures or such other procedures as may be agreed to between the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower:

(a)     Notice Procedures. In connection with any Auction, the Parent Borrower shall provide notification to the Administrative Agent (for distribution to the Appropriate Lenders) of the Loans under such Tranche that will be the subject of the Auction (an “Auction Notice”). Each Auction Notice shall be

 

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in a form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and shall specify (i) the total cash value of the bid, in a minimum amount of $5,000,000 with minimum increments of $1,000,000 in excess thereof (the “Auction Amount”) and (ii) the discounts to par, which shall be expressed as a range of percentages of the par principal amount of the Loans under such Tranche at issue (the “Discount Range”), representing the range of purchase prices that could be paid in the Auction.

(b)     Reply Procedures. In connection with any Auction, each applicable Lender may, in its sole discretion, participate in such Auction by providing the Administrative Agent with a notice of participation (the “Return Bid”) which shall be in a form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and shall specify (i) a discount to par that must be expressed as a price (the “Reply Discount”), which must be within the Discount Range, and (ii) a principal amount of the applicable Loans such Lender is willing to sell, which must be in increments of $1,000,000 or in an amount equal to such Lender’s entire remaining amount of the applicable Loans (the “Reply Amount”). Lenders may only submit one Return Bid per Auction. In addition to the Return Bid, each Lender wishing to participate in such Auction must execute and deliver, to be held in escrow by the Administrative Agent, an assignment and acceptance agreement in a form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent.

(c)     Acceptance Procedures. Based on the Reply Discounts and Reply Amounts received by the Administrative Agent, the Administrative Agent, in consultation with the Parent Borrower, will determine the applicable discount (the “Applicable Discount”) for the Auction, which shall be the lowest Reply Discount for which Holdings or its Subsidiary, as applicable, can complete the Auction at the Auction Amount; provided that, in the event that the Reply Amounts are insufficient to allow Holdings or its Subsidiary, as applicable, to complete a purchase of the entire Auction Amount (any such Auction, a “Failed Auction”), Holdings or such Subsidiary shall either, at its election, (i) withdraw the Auction or (ii) complete the Auction at an Applicable Discount equal to the highest Reply Discount. Holdings or its Subsidiary, as applicable, shall purchase the applicable Loans (or the respective portions thereof) from each applicable Lender with a Reply Discount that is equal to or greater than the Applicable Discount (“Qualifying Bids”) at the Applicable Discount; provided that if the aggregate proceeds required to purchase all applicable Loans subject to Qualifying Bids would exceed the Auction Amount for such Auction, Holdings or its Subsidiary, as applicable, shall purchase such Loans at the Applicable Discount ratably based on the principal amounts of such Qualifying Bids (subject to adjustment for rounding as specified by the Administrative Agent). Each participating Lender will receive notice of a Qualifying Bid as soon as reasonably practicable but in no case later than five Business Days from the date the Return Bid was due.

(d)     Additional Procedures. Once initiated by an Auction Notice, Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries, as applicable, may not withdraw an Auction other than a Failed Auction. Furthermore, in connection with any Auction, upon submission by a Lender of a Qualifying Bid, such Lender will be obligated to sell the entirety or its allocable portion of the Reply Amount, as the case may be, at the Applicable Discount. The Purchase shall be consummated pursuant to and in accordance with Section 10.07 and, to the extent not otherwise provided herein, shall otherwise be consummated pursuant to procedures (including as to timing, rounding and minimum amounts, Interest Periods, and other notices by Holdings or such Subsidiary, as applicable) reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower.

EEA Financial Institution” means (a) any credit institution or investment firm established in any EEA Member Country which is subject to the supervision of an EEA Resolution Authority, (b) any entity established in an EEA Member Country which is a parent of an institution described in clause (a) of this definition, or (c) any financial institution established in an EEA Member Country which is a subsidiary of an institution described in clause (a) or (b) of this definition and is subject to consolidated supervision with its parent.

EEA Member Country” means any of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway.

 

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EEA Resolution Authority” means any public administrative authority or any person entrusted with public administrative authority of any EEA Member Country (including any delegee) having responsibility for the resolution of any EEA Financial Institution.

Electronic Signature” means an electronic sound, symbol, or process attached to, or associated with, a contract or other record and adopted by a person with the intent to sign, authenticate or accept such contract or record.

Eligible Assignee” means any Person that meets the requirements to be an assignee under Section 10.07(b) (subject to receipt of such consents, if any, as may be required for the assignment of the applicable Loan and/or Commitments to such Person under Section 10.07(b)(iii)).

EMU” means the economic and monetary union as contemplated in the EU Treaty.

EMU Legislation” means the legislative measures of the EMU for the introduction of, changeover to, or operation of the Euro in one or more member states.

Environment” shall mean ambient air, indoor air, surface water, groundwater, drinking water, land surface, sediments, and subsurface strata and natural resources such as wetlands, flora and fauna.

Environmental Laws” means any and all applicable federal, state, local and foreign statutes, laws, including common law, regulations, ordinances, rules, judgments, orders, decrees, permits, concessions, grants, franchises, licenses or governmental restrictions relating to pollution, the protection of the Environment, human health and safety (to the extent relating to exposure to Hazardous Materials), including those related to Hazardous Materials, air emissions and discharges to public pollution control systems.

Environmental Liability” means any liability, contingent or otherwise (including any liability for damages, costs of environmental remediation, monitoring or oversight by a Governmental Authority, fines, penalties or indemnities), of the Parent Borrower, any other Loan Party or any of their respective Subsidiaries directly or indirectly resulting from or based upon (a) any actual or alleged violation of any Environmental Law, (b) the generation, use, handling, transportation, storage or treatment of any Hazardous Materials, (c) human exposure to any Hazardous Materials, (d) the Release or threatened Release of any Hazardous Materials into the Environment or (e) any contract, agreement or other binding consensual arrangement pursuant to which liability is assumed or imposed with respect to any of the foregoing.

Environmental Permit” means any permit, approval, identification number, license or other authorization required under any Environmental Law.

Equity Interests” means Capital Stock and all warrants, options or other rights to acquire Capital Stock (but excluding any Capital Stock that arises only by reason of the happening of a contingency or any debt security that is convertible into, or exchangeable for, Capital Stock).

Equity Issuance” means any issuance by any Person to any other Person of (a) its Equity Interests for cash, (b) any of its Equity Interests pursuant to the exercise of options or warrants, (c) any of its Equity Interests pursuant to the conversion of any debt securities to equity or (d) any options or warrants relating to its Equity Interests.

ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, and the rules and regulations thereunder, each as amended or modified from time to time.

ERISA Affiliate” means any Person who together with any Loan Party is treated as a single employer within the meaning of Section 414(b) or (c) of the Code (and Sections 414(m) and (o) of the Code for purposes of provisions relating to Section 412 of the Code) or Section 4001 of ERISA.

ERISA Event” means (a) a Reportable Event with respect to a Plan; (b) the withdrawal of any Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate from a Plan subject to Section 4063 of ERISA during a plan year in which such entity was a

 

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“substantial employer” (as defined in Section 4001(a)(2) of ERISA) or a cessation of operations that is treated as such a withdrawal under Section 4062(e) of ERISA; (c) a complete or partial withdrawal by any Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate from a Multiemployer Plan or written notification that a Multiemployer Plan is insolvent (within the meaning of Section 4245 of ERISA); (d) the filing of a written notice of intent to terminate or the treatment of a plan amendment as a termination under Section 4041 or 4041A of ERISA, respectively, (e) the institution by the PBGC of proceedings to terminate a Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (f) an event or condition which constitutes grounds under Section 4042 of ERISA for the termination of, or the appointment of a trustee to administer, any Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (g) the determination that any Plan is considered an at-risk plan within the meaning of Section 430 of the Code or Section 303 of ERISA; (h) the determination that any Multiemployer Plan is considered a plan in “endangered,” “critical,” or “critical and declining” status within the meaning of Section 432 of the Code or Section 305 of ERISA; (i) the imposition of any liability under Title IV of ERISA, other than for PBGC premiums due but not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA, upon any Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate; (j) the conditions for the imposition of a Lien under Section 430(k) of the Code or Section 303(k) of ERISA shall have been met with respect to any Plan; or (k) any Foreign Benefit Event.

EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule” means the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule published by the Loan Market Association (or any successor person), as in effect from time to time.

EU Treaty” means the Treaty on European Union.

Euro” and “” shall mean the single currency of the Participating Member States introduced in accordance with the provisions of Article 109(i)4 of the EU Treaty.

Eurocurrency Rate” means, with respect to any Eurocurrency Rate Borrowing and for any Interest Period, the Screen Rate at approximately 10:00 a.m., London time, two Business Days prior to the commencement of such Interest Period; provided that if the Screen Rate shall not be available at such time for such Interest Period (an “Impacted Interest Period”) then the Eurocurrency Rate shall be the Interpolated Rate.

Eurocurrency Rate Borrowing” means a Borrowing comprising Eurocurrency Rate Loans.

Eurocurrency Rate Loan” means a Loan that bears interest at a rate based on the applicable Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate.

Event of Default” has the meaning specified in Section 8.01.

Excess Cash Flow” means, with respect to any Excess Cash Flow Period, an amount, not less than zero, equal to:

(a)     Consolidated Net Income of the Borrower Parties for such Excess Cash Flow Period, minus

(b)     the sum, without duplication (in each case, for the Parent Borrower and the Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis), of:

(i)     repayments, prepayments, repurchases, redemptions and other cash payments made with respect to the principal of any Indebtedness (including principal representing capitalized interest) or the principal component of any Capitalized Lease Obligations of such Person or any of its Subsidiaries during such period (excluding voluntary and mandatory prepayments of First Lien Loans and any such payment from the proceeds of long-term Indebtedness, but including all premium, make-whole or penalty payments paid in cash (to the extent such payments are not expensed during such period or are not deducted in calculating Consolidated Net Income and such payments are not otherwise prohibited under this Agreement) and all repayments with respect to revolving Indebtedness to the extent accompanied by a corresponding reduction in commitments); provided that, with respect to any mandatory prepayment of Indebtedness (other than, for the avoidance of doubt, Loans), such prepayments

 

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shall only be deducted pursuant to this clause (i) to the extent not deducted in the computation of net proceeds in respect of the asset disposition or condemnation giving rise thereto; minus

(ii)     (A) cash payments made by such Person or any of its Subsidiaries during such period in respect of capital expenditures, acquisitions of intellectual property, acquisitions, Investments and Restricted Payments (excluding (x) Restricted Payments made pursuant to clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05 and pursuant to clauses (2), (3), (7), (8), (9), (17), (18), and (22) of the second paragraph of Section 7.05 (other than such Restricted Payments made to pay interest expense for Qualified Holding Company Indebtedness or any other Indebtedness of Holdings), and (y) any Permitted Investments pursuant to clauses (1), (2), (3), (5), (9), (14), (15), (17), (18), (20), (23) and (24) of the definition thereof), and (B) cash payments that such Person or any of its Subsidiaries has committed to make or is required to make in respect of capital expenditures, acquisitions of intellectual property, acquisitions and Investments within 365 days after the end of such period pursuant to binding obligations entered into prior to or during such period; provided that amounts described in this clause (B) will not reduce Excess Cash Flow in subsequent periods, and, to the extent not paid, will increase Excess Cash Flow in the subsequent period; minus

(iii)     (A) cash payments made by such Person or any of its Subsidiaries during such period in respect of Taxes (including distributions to any Parent Holding Company in respect of Taxes), to the extent such payments exceed the amount of tax expense deducted in calculating such Consolidated Net Income, and (B) cash payments that such Person or any of its Subsidiaries will be required to make in respect of Taxes (including distributions to any Parent Holding Company in respect of Taxes) within 180 days after the end of such period; provided that amounts described in this clause (B) will not reduce Excess Cash Flow in subsequent periods, and, to the extent not paid, will increase Excess Cash Flow in the subsequent period; minus

(iv)     all cash payments and other cash expenditures made by such Person or any of its Subsidiaries during such period (A) with respect to items that were excluded in the calculation of such Consolidated Net Income pursuant to clauses (a) through (y) of the definition of “Consolidated Net Income” or (B) that were not expensed during such period in accordance with GAAP; minus

(v)     all non-cash credits or gains included in calculating such Consolidated Net Income (including insured or indemnified losses referred to in clauses (r) and (s) of the definition of “Consolidated Net Income” to the extent not reimbursed in cash during such period); minus

(vi)     an amount equal to the sum of (A) the increase in the Working Capital of such Person during such period (measured as the excess, if any, of Working Capital at the end of such Excess Cash Flow Period minus Working Capital at the beginning of such Excess Cash Flow Period), if any, plus (B) the increase in long-term accounts receivable of such Person and its Subsidiaries, if any; minus

(vii)     cash payments made in satisfaction of noncurrent liabilities (excluding payments of Indebtedness for borrowed money) not made directly or indirectly using proceeds, payments or any other amounts available from events or circumstances that were not included in determining Consolidated Net Income during such period; minus

(viii)     to the extent not deducted in arriving at Consolidated Net Income, cash fees, expenses and purchase price adjustments incurred in connection with the Transactions, any acquisition consummated before or after the Closing Date or any Permitted Investment, Equity Issuance or debt issuance (whether or not consummated) and any Restricted Payment made to pay any of the foregoing incurred by Holdings; minus

 

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(ix)     the amount of cash payments made in respect of pensions and other postemployment benefits in such period to the extent not deducted in arriving at such Consolidated Net Income; minus

(x)     cash payments made by such Person or any of its Subsidiaries during such period in respect of items for which an accrual or reserve was established in a prior period, in each case to the extent such payments are not expensed during such period or are not deducted in calculating Consolidated Net Income; plus

(xi)     all non-cash charges, losses and expenses (including, without limitation, taxes) of such Person or any of its Subsidiaries that were deducted in calculating such Consolidated Net Income (provided, in each case, that if any non-cash charge represents an accrual or reserve for cash items in any future period, the cash payment in respect thereof in such future period shall be subtracted from Excess Cash Flow in such future period); plus

(xii)     an amount equal to the sum of (A) the decrease in Working Capital of such Person during such period (measured as the excess, if any, of Working Capital at the beginning of such Excess Cash Flow Period minus Working Capital at the end of such Excess Cash Flow Period), if any, plus (B) the decrease in long-term accounts receivable of such Person and its Subsidiaries, if any (other than any such decreases contemplated by clauses (A) and (B) of this clause (xii) that are directly attributable to dispositions of a Person or business unit by the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries during such period); plus

(xiii)     all amounts referred to in clauses (b)(i) and (b)(ii) above to the extent funded with the proceeds of the issuance or the incurrence of Indebtedness (other than proceeds of revolving loans) and the sale or issuance of Equity Interests.

Excess Cash Flow Period” means any fiscal year of the Parent Borrower, commencing with the fiscal year ending on December 31, 2019.

Exchange Act” means the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the SEC promulgated thereunder.

Exchange Agent” means (a) the Administrative Agent or (b) any other financial institution or advisor employed by the Parent Borrower (whether or not an Affiliate of the Administrative Agent), after consultation with the Administrative Agent, to act as an arranger in connection with any Permitted Debt Exchange pursuant to Section 2.19; provided that the Parent Borrower shall not designate the Administrative Agent as the Exchange Agent without the written consent of the Administrative Agent (it being understood that the Administrative Agent shall be under no obligation to agree to act as the Exchange Agent); provided, further, that neither the Parent Borrower nor any of their Affiliates may act as the Exchange Agent.

Excluded Contributions” means the net cash proceeds and Cash Equivalents, or the Fair Market Value of other assets, received by the Parent Borrower after the Closing Date from:

(1)     contributions to its common equity capital, and

(2)     the sale of Capital Stock (other than Excluded Equity) of the Parent Borrower,

in each case designated as Excluded Contributions pursuant to an officer’s certificate of a Responsible Officer on or promptly after such contribution or sale, or that has been utilized to make a Restricted Payment pursuant to clause (2) of the second paragraph of Section 7.05. Excluded Contributions will be excluded from the calculation set forth in clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05.

Excluded Equity” means (i) Disqualified Stock, (ii) any Equity Interests issued or sold to a Subsidiary or any employee stock ownership plan or trust established by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries or a direct or indirect

 

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parent of Holdings (to the extent such employee stock ownership plan or trust has been funded by Holdings or any Subsidiary or a direct or indirect parent of Holdings) and (iii) any Equity Interest that has already been used or designated (x) as (or the proceeds of which have been used or designated as) a Cash Contribution Amount, Designated Preferred Stock, an Excluded Contribution or Refunding Capital Stock, or (y) to increase the amount available under clause (5)(a) of the second paragraph under Section 7.05 or clause (14) of the definition of “Permitted Investments” or is proceeds of Indebtedness referred to in clause (14)(b) of the second paragraph in Section 7.05.

Excluded Property” means, with respect to any Loan Party, (a) (i) any fee-owned real property not constituting Material Real Property, (ii) any real property leasehold or subleasehold interests and (iii) [reserved], (b) motor vehicles and other assets subject to certificates of title to the extent a Lien thereon cannot be perfected by filing a UCC financing statement, letter of credit rights (other than letter of credit rights that can be perfected by the filing of a UCC financing statement) with a value not in excess of $2,000,000 in the aggregate and commercial tort claims with a value not in excess of $2,000,000 in the aggregate, (c) assets to the extent a security interest in such assets would result in material adverse tax consequences (including, without limitation, as a result of the operation of Section 956 of the Code or any similar law or regulation in any applicable jurisdiction), or material adverse regulatory consequences, in each case, as reasonably determined by the Parent Borrower and notified to the Administrative Agent in writing, (d) pledges of, and security interests in, assets, in favor of the Collateral Agent which are prohibited by applicable Law; provided, that (i) any such limitation described in this clause (d) on the security interests granted shall only apply to the extent that any such prohibition could not be rendered ineffective pursuant to the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction or any other applicable Law or principles of equity and shall not apply to any proceeds or receivables thereof, the assignment of which is expressly deemed effective under the UCC of any applicable jurisdiction notwithstanding such prohibition and (ii) in the event of the termination or elimination of any such prohibition contained in any applicable Law, a security interest in such assets shall be automatically and simultaneously granted under the applicable Collateral Documents and such asset shall be included as Collateral, (e) any governmental licenses (but not the proceeds thereof) or state or local franchises, charters and authorizations, to the extent security interests in favor of the Collateral Agent in such licenses, franchises, charters or authorizations are prohibited or restricted thereby, in each case, except to the extent such prohibition is unenforceable after giving effect to the applicable anti-assignment provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction and other than proceeds and receivables thereof, the assignment of which is expressly deemed effective under the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction notwithstanding such prohibition; provided that (i) any such limitation described in this clause (e) on the security interests granted shall only apply to the extent that any such prohibition or restriction could not be rendered ineffective pursuant to the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction or any other applicable Law or principles of equity and (ii) in the event of the termination or elimination of any such prohibition or restriction contained in any applicable license, franchise, charter or authorization, a security interest in such licenses, franchises, charters or authorizations shall be automatically and simultaneously granted under the applicable Collateral Documents and such licenses, franchises, charters or authorizations shall be included as Collateral, (f) Equity Interests in (A) any Person (other than the Parent Borrower and Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of the Parent Borrower) to the extent and for so long as the pledge thereof in favor of the Collateral Agent is not permitted by the terms of such Person’s joint venture agreement or other applicable Organization Documents; provided, that such prohibition exists on the Closing Date or at the time such Equity Interests are acquired (so long as such prohibition did not arise in contemplation of the Closing Date or such acquisition), (B) any not-for-profit Subsidiary, (C) any captive insurance Subsidiary, (D) any special purpose securitization vehicle (or similar entity), including any Receivables Subsidiary, (E) [reserved] and (F) any Person which is acquired after the date hereof to the extent and for so long as such Equity Interests are pledged in respect of Acquired Indebtedness (not created in contemplation of such acquisition) and such pledge constitutes a Permitted Lien to the extent and for so long as that a grant of security interest therein would violate the documentation governing such Acquired Indebtedness, (g) any lease, license or other agreement or any property subject to a purchase money security interest, Capitalized Lease Obligation or similar arrangement in each case permitted to be incurred under this Agreement, to the extent that a grant of a security interest therein would violate or invalidate such lease, license or agreement or purchase money arrangement or create a right of termination in favor of any other party thereto (other than a Loan Party or their Wholly Owned Subsidiaries), in each case, except to the extent such prohibition is unenforceable after giving effect to the applicable anti-assignment provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction, other than proceeds and receivables thereof, the assignment of which is expressly deemed effective under the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction notwithstanding such prohibition, (h) “intent-to-use” trademark applications prior to the

 

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filing of a “Statement of Use” or “Amendment to Allege Use” filing, (i) any Receivables Assets sold pursuant to a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing, (j) voting Equity Interests in excess of 65% of the voting Equity Interests of (A) any Controlled Foreign Subsidiary or (B) any FSHCO, (k) Margin Stock, (l) trust accounts (held for third parties), payroll accounts and escrow accounts (held for third parties) in each case, as long as used solely for such purposes and (m) segregated cash to secure letter of credit reimbursement obligations) to the extent such letters of credit (and related Liens) are permitted by this Agreement. Other assets shall be deemed to be “Excluded Property” if the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower agree in writing that the cost of obtaining or perfecting a security interest in such assets (including, without limitation, any flood insurance compliance matters) is excessive in relation to the benefit of the Lenders of the security afforded thereby. Notwithstanding anything herein or the Collateral Documents to the contrary, Excluded Property shall not include any Proceeds (as defined in the UCC), substitutions or replacements of any Excluded Property (unless such Proceeds, substitutions or replacements would otherwise constitute Excluded Property referred to above).

Excluded Subsidiary” means any direct or indirect Subsidiary of a Borrower that is (a) [reserved], (b) not wholly owned by a Borrower or one or more Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of a Borrower, (c) an Immaterial Subsidiary that is designated in writing to the Administrative Agent as such by the Parent Borrower, (d) a Domestic Subsidiary that is a FSHCO (or a Domestic Subsidiary that is a Subsidiary of a FSHCO or Controlled Foreign Subsidiary), (e) a Foreign Subsidiary; (f) a Subsidiary that is prohibited by applicable Law from guaranteeing the Facility, or which would require governmental (including regulatory) consent, approval, license or authorization to provide a guarantee unless, such consent, approval, license or authorization has been received, in each case so long as the Administrative Agent shall have received a certification from a Responsible Officer of Holdings as to the existence of such prohibition or consent, approval, license or authorization requirement, (g) a Subsidiary that is prohibited from guaranteeing the Facility by any Contractual Obligation in existence on the Closing Date (but not entered into in contemplation thereof) and is listed on Schedule 1.01(e) hereto and for so long as any such Contractual Obligation exists (or, in the case of any newly-acquired Subsidiary, in existence at the time of acquisition thereof but not entered into in contemplation thereof and for so long as any such Contractual Obligation exists), (h) a Subsidiary with respect to which a guarantee by it of the Facility would result in material adverse tax consequences to Holdings, the Parent Borrower (or any member of a consolidated or affiliated tax group with the Parent Borrower) or one or more of its Subsidiaries, as reasonably determined by the Parent Borrower and notified in writing to the Administrative Agent, (i) any Receivables Subsidiary, (j) not-for-profit subsidiaries, (k) Subsidiaries that are special purpose entities, and (l) any other Subsidiary with respect to which, in the reasonable judgment of the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower, the cost or other consequences of guaranteeing the Facility would be excessive in view of the benefits to be obtained by the Lenders therefrom; provided that, subject to the consent of the Administrative Agent in the case of any Excluded Subsidiary pursuant to clause (e) (such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned), if a Subsidiary executes the Subsidiary Guaranty as a “Subsidiary Guarantor,” then it shall not constitute an “Excluded Subsidiary” (unless released from its obligations under the Subsidiary Guaranty as a “Subsidiary Guarantor” in accordance with the terms hereof and thereof); provided, further, that no Subsidiary of a Borrower shall be an Excluded Subsidiary if such Subsidiary is a guarantor with respect to any Refinancing Notes or any New Incremental Notes, in each case, with an aggregate outstanding principal amount in excess of $15,000,000.

Excluded Taxes” means any of the following Taxes imposed on or with respect to a Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to a Recipient: (a) Taxes imposed on or measured by such Recipient’s net income (however denominated), franchise Taxes, and branch profits Taxes, in each case, (i) imposed as a result of such Recipient being organized under the laws of, or having its principal office or, in the case of any Lender, its applicable lending office located in, the jurisdiction imposing such Tax or (ii) that are Other Connection Taxes, (b) in the case of a Lender, any U.S. federal withholding Taxes imposed pursuant to a Law in effect on the date on which such Lender becomes a party hereto (other than any Lender becoming a party hereto pursuant to a request by any Loan Party under Section 3.08) or changes its lending office, except in each case to the extent that, pursuant to Section 3.01, additional amounts with respect to such Taxes were payable either to such Lender’s assignor immediately before such Lender became a party hereto or to such Lender immediately before it changes its lending office, (c) Taxes attributable to such Recipient’s failure to comply with Section 3.01(g) and (d) any Taxes imposed under FATCA.

 

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Executive Order” means Executive Order No. 13224 of September 23, 2001, entitled Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions With Persons Who Commit, Threaten to Commit, or Support Terrorism (66 Fed. Reg. 49079 (2001)).

Existing Credit Agreements” means each of that certain (i) Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of September 15, 2016, among Vector, TriLink, the lenders party thereto from time to time, NXT Capital, LLC, as administrative agent, and the other parties thereto (as such agreement may be amended, restated, supplemented, waived or otherwise modified from time to time prior to the date hereof), (ii) Amended and Restated Note Purchase Agreement, dated September 15, 2016, among Vector, TriLink, the purchasers party thereto from time to time, Newstone Capital Partners, LLC, as purchaser representative, and the other parties thereto (as such agreement may be amended, restated, supplemented, waived or otherwise modified from time to time prior to the date hereof), (iii) Credit Agreement, dated as of October 26, 2016, by and among Cygnus, the lenders party thereto from time to time, Antares Capital LP, as administrative agent, and the other parties thereto (as such agreement may be amended, restated, supplemented, waived or otherwise modified from time to time prior to the date hereof) and (iv) Note Purchase Agreement, dated October 26, 2016, among Cygnus, the purchasers party thereto from time to time, Newstone Capital Partners, LLC, as purchaser representative, and the other parties thereto (as such agreement may be amended, restated, supplemented, waived or otherwise modified from time to time prior to the date hereof).

Extendable Bridge Loans” means customary “bridge” loans which by their terms will be converted into loans that have, or extended such that they have, a maturity date later than the Latest Maturity Date then in effect.

Facility” means a facility in respect of any Tranche, as the context may require.

Factoring Transaction” means any transaction or series of transactions that may be entered into by the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary pursuant to which the Parent Borrower or such Subsidiary may sell, convey, assign or otherwise transfer Receivables Assets (which may include a backup or precautionary grant of security interest in such Receivables Assets so sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred or purported to be so sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred) to any Person other than a Receivables Subsidiary.

Failed Auction” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

Fair Market Value” means, with respect to any asset or property, the price that could be negotiated in an arm’s-length, free market transaction, for cash, between a willing seller and a willing and able buyer, neither of whom is under undue pressure or compulsion to complete the transaction (as determined in good faith by the senior management or the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company, whose determination will be conclusive for all purposes under the Loan Documents).

FATCA” means Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with), any current or future Treasury regulations or official administrative interpretations thereof, any agreements entered into pursuant to current Section 1471(b)(1) of the Code (or any amended or successor version described above) and any intergovernmental agreements implementing the foregoing (together with any Laws implementing such agreements).

Federal Funds Effective Rate” means, for any day, the rate calculated by the NYFRB based on such day’s federal funds transactions by depositary institutions, as determined in such manner as the NYFRB shall set forth on its public website from time to time, and published on the next succeeding Business Day by the NYFRB as the effective federal funds rate, provided that if the Federal Funds Effective Rate as so determined would be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to zero for the purposes of this Agreement.

Federal Reserve Board” means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States of America.

Fee Letter” means that certain Fee Letter, dated as of July 5, 2018, by and among Antares and Holdings.

 

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First Lien Administrative Agent” shall mean JPMCB, in its capacity as administrative agent and collateral agent under the First Lien Facility Documentation, or any successor administrative agent and collateral agent under the First Lien Credit Agreement.

First Lien Cash-Capped Incremental Amount” shall mean any amounts incurred under the “Cash-Capped Incremental Facility” (or any comparable provision) under the First Lien Credit Agreement.

First Lien Credit Agreement” shall mean that certain first lien credit agreement, dated as of the date hereof, among Holdings, the Borrowers, the lenders party thereto from time to time and the First Lien Administrative Agent, as the same may be amended, restated, modified, supplemented, extended, increased, or refinanced or replaced pursuant to a Permitted Refinancing from time to time in one or more agreements (in each case with the same or new lenders, investors or agents), in each case as and to the extent permitted by this Agreement and the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

First Lien Facilities” shall mean the first lien term loan facility and the first lien revolving facility under the First Lien Credit Agreement.

First Lien Facilities Documentation” shall mean the First Lien Credit Agreement and all security agreements, guarantees, pledge agreements, notes and other agreements or instruments executed in connection therewith, including all “Loan Documents” (as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement).

First Lien Incremental Loans” shall mean the “New Term Loans” or any “Term Commitment Increase,” each as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement.

First Lien Incremental Notes” shall mean the “New Incremental Notes” as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement.

First Lien Loans” shall have the meaning provided to the term “Loans” (or any equivalent thereto) in the First Lien Credit Agreement.

First Lien Obligations” shall have the meaning provided to the term “Obligations” (or any equivalent thereto) in the First Lien Credit Agreement.

First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement” means the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement, dated as of the Closing Date, substantially in the form of Exhibit M, or otherwise in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

Fixed GAAP Date” means the Closing Date; provided that at any time after the Closing Date, the Parent Borrower may by written notice to the Administrative Agent elect to change the Fixed GAAP Date to be the date specified in such notice, and upon such notice, the Fixed GAAP Date shall be such date for all periods beginning on and after the date specified in such notice.

Fixed GAAP Terms” means (a) the definitions of the terms “Capitalized Lease Obligation,” “Consolidated Interest Expense,” “Consolidated Net Income,” “Consolidated Net Tangible Assets,” “Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio,” “Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio,” “Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio,” “Consolidated Funded Indebtedness,” “Consolidated Funded First Lien Indebtedness,” “Consolidated Funded Senior Secured Indebtedness,” “Consolidated EBITDA” and “Indebtedness,” (b) all defined terms in this Agreement to the extent used in or relating to any of the foregoing definitions, and all ratios and computations based on any of the foregoing definitions, and (c) any other term or provision of this Agreement that, at the Parent Borrower’s election, may be specified by the Parent Borrower by written notice to the Administrative Agent from time to time; provided that the Parent Borrower may elect to remove any term from constituting a Fixed GAAP Term.

Flood Insurance Laws” means, collectively, (i) the National Flood Insurance Act of 1994 (which comprehensively revised the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 and the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973)

 

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as now or hereafter in effect or any successor statute thereto, (ii) the Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2004 as now or hereafter in effect or any successor statute thereto, (iii) the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 as now or hereafter in effect or any successor statute thereto, and (iv) all other applicable laws relating to policies and procedures that address requirements placed on federally regulated lenders relating to flood matters, in each case, as now or hereafter in effect or any successor statute thereto.

Foreign Benefit Event” means, with respect to any Foreign Plan, (a) the existence of unfunded liabilities in excess of the amount permitted under any applicable Law, or in excess of the amount that would be permitted absent a waiver from a Governmental Authority, (b) the failure to make the required contributions or payments, under any applicable Law, on or before the due date for such contributions or payments, (c) the receipt of a notice from a Governmental Authority relating to the intention to terminate any such Foreign Plan or to appoint a trustee or similar official to administer any such Foreign Plan, or alleging the insolvency of any such Foreign Plan, (d) the incurrence of any liability by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries under applicable Law on account of the complete or partial termination of such Foreign Plan or the complete or partial withdrawal of any participating employer therein or (e) the occurrence of any transaction that is prohibited under any applicable Law and that could reasonably be expected to result in the incurrence of any liability by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries, or the imposition on the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries of, any fine, excise tax or penalty resulting from any noncompliance with any applicable Law.

Foreign Casualty Event” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(b)(viii).

Foreign Disposition” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(b)(viii).

Foreign Lender” means a lender that is not a U.S. Person.

Foreign Plan” means any pension plan, benefit plan, fund (including any superannuation fund) or other similar program established, maintained or contributed to by a Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries primarily for the benefit of employees employed and residing outside the United States (other than plans, funds or other similar programs that are maintained exclusively by a Governmental Authority), and which plan is not subject to ERISA or the Code.

Foreign Subsidiary” means any direct or indirect Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower that is not a Domestic Subsidiary.

FRB” means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States.

FSHCO” means any direct or indirect Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary of a Guarantor, in each case, which Subsidiary owns no material assets other than Equity Interests (or, if applicable, Equity Interests and indebtedness) of one or more Controlled Foreign Subsidiaries or another FSHCO.

Fund” means any Person (other than a natural person) that is (or will be) engaged in making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course of its business.

GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America as in effect on the Fixed GAAP Date (for purposes of the Fixed GAAP Terms) and as in effect from time to time (for all other purposes of the Agreement), including those set forth in the opinions and pronouncements of the Accounting Principles Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and statements and pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board or in such other statements by such other entity as approved by a significant segment of the accounting profession (but excluding the policies, rules and regulations of the SEC applicable only to public companies); provided that the Parent Borrower may at any time elect by written notice to the Administrative Agent to use IFRS in lieu of GAAP for financial reporting purposes and, upon any such notice, references herein to GAAP shall thereafter be construed to mean (a) for periods beginning on and after the date specified in such notice, IFRS as in effect on the date specified in such notice (for purposes of the Fixed GAAP Terms) and as in effect from time to time (for all other purposes of this Agreement) and (b) for prior periods, GAAP

 

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as defined in the first sentence of this definition without giving effect to the proviso thereto. All ratios and computations based on GAAP contained in this Agreement shall be computed in conformity with GAAP.

Governmental Authority” means any nation or government, any state or other political subdivision thereof, any agency, authority, instrumentality, regulatory body, court, administrative tribunal, central bank or other entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to government, including any applicable supranational bodies (such as the European Union or the European Central Bank).

Granting Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(g).

Guarantee” means, as to any Person, without duplication, (a) any obligation, contingent or otherwise, of such Person guaranteeing or having the economic effect of guaranteeing any Indebtedness or other monetary obligation payable or performable by another Person (the “primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, and including any obligation of such Person, direct or indirect, (i) to purchase or pay (or advance or supply funds for the purchase or payment of) such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation, (ii) to purchase or lease property, securities or services for the purpose of assuring the obligee in respect of such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation of the payment or performance of such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation, (iii) to maintain working capital, equity capital or any other financial statement condition or liquidity or level of income or cash flow of the primary obligor so as to enable the primary obligor to pay such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation or (iv) entered into for the purpose of assuring in any other manner the obligee in respect of such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation of the payment or performance thereof or to protect such obligee against loss in respect thereof (in whole or in part) or (b) any Lien on any assets of such Person securing any Indebtedness or other monetary obligation of any other Person, whether or not such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation is assumed by such Person (or any right, contingent or otherwise, of any holder of such Indebtedness to obtain any such Lien); provided that the term “Guarantee” shall not include endorsements for collection or deposit, in either case in the ordinary course of business, or customary or reasonable indemnity obligations in effect on the Closing Date, or entered into in connection with any acquisition or Disposition of assets permitted under this Agreement (other than such obligations with respect to Indebtedness). The amount of any Guarantee shall be deemed to be an amount equal to the stated or determinable amount of the related primary obligation, or portion thereof, in respect of which such Guarantee is made or, if not stated or determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability in respect thereof as determined by the guaranteeing Person in good faith. The term “Guarantee” as a verb has a corresponding meaning.

Guarantors” means, collectively, Holdings and, as of the Closing Date, the Subsidiaries of the Borrowers listed on Schedule 1 and each other Subsidiary of the Borrowers that executes and delivers a Guaranty or guaranty supplement pursuant to the Guaranty, Section 6.12 or 6.16 (subject to the consent of the Administrative Agent in the case of any Excluded Subsidiary pursuant to clause (e) thereof, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned), unless it has ceased to be a Guarantor pursuant to the terms hereof.

Guaranty” means, collectively, the Holdings Guaranty and the Subsidiary Guaranty.

Hazardous Materials” means all explosive or radioactive substances or wastes and all hazardous or toxic substances, materials or wastes, including petroleum or petroleum distillates, asbestos or asbestos-containing materials, toxic mold, polychlorinated biphenyls, radon gas, infectious or medical wastes and all other toxic substances, materials or wastes of any nature regulated pursuant to any Environmental Law.

Holdings” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement.

Holdings Guaranty” means the Holdings Guaranty made by Holdings in favor of the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Secured Parties, substantially in the form of Exhibit F-1, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof.

IFRS” means the International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board.

 

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Immaterial Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of any Borrower that, as of the date of the most recent financial statements required to be delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) or (b), does not have (a) assets (when combined with the assets of all other Immaterial Subsidiaries, after eliminating intercompany obligations) in excess of 5.0% of Consolidated Net Tangible Assets or (b) Consolidated EBITDA (when combined with the Consolidated EBITDA of all other Immaterial Subsidiaries, after eliminating intercompany obligations) for the period of four consecutive fiscal quarters ending on such date in excess of 5.0% of the Consolidated EBITDA of the Parent Borrower and the Subsidiaries for such period.

Impacted Interest Period” has the meaning assigned to it in the definition of “Eurocurrency Rate.”

“Increase Effective Date” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(c).

“Incremental Amount” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

Incremental Arranger” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

Incremental Notes Arranger” has the meaning specified in Section 2.15(a).

Incur” means, with respect to any Indebtedness, Capital Stock or Lien, to issue, assume, guarantee, incur or otherwise become liable for such Indebtedness, Capital Stock or Lien, as applicable; provided that any Indebtedness, Capital Stock or Lien of a Person existing at the time such Person becomes a Subsidiary (whether by merger, amalgamation, consolidation, acquisition or otherwise) shall be deemed to be Incurred by such Person at the time it becomes a Subsidiary.

Indebtedness” means, with respect to any Person, without duplication:

(a)     the principal of any indebtedness of such Person, whether or not contingent, (i) in respect of borrowed money, (ii) evidenced by bonds, notes, debentures or similar instruments or letters of credit or bankers’ acceptances (or, without duplication, reimbursement agreements in respect thereof), (iii) representing the deferred and unpaid purchase price of any property, (iv) in respect of Capitalized Lease Obligations or (v) representing any Swap Contracts, in each case, if and to the extent that any of the foregoing Indebtedness (other than letters of credit and Swap Contracts) would appear as a liability on a balance sheet (excluding the footnotes thereto) of such Person prepared in accordance with GAAP;

(b)     to the extent not otherwise included, any guarantee by such Person of the Indebtedness of another Person (other than by endorsement of negotiable instruments for collection in the ordinary course of business); and

(c)     to the extent not otherwise included, Indebtedness of another Person secured by a Lien on any asset owned by such Person (whether or not such Indebtedness is assumed by such Person); provided, however, that the amount of such Indebtedness will be the lesser of: (a) the Fair Market Value of such asset at such date of determination, and (b) the amount of such Indebtedness of such other Person.

The term “Indebtedness” shall not include any lease, concession or license of property (or guarantee thereof) that would be considered an operating lease under GAAP as in effect on the Closing Date, any prepayments of deposits received from clients or customers in the ordinary course of business or consistent with past practices, or obligations under any license, permit or other approval (or guarantees given in respect of such obligations) Incurred prior to the Closing Date or in the ordinary course of business or consistent with past practices.

Notwithstanding the above provisions, in no event shall the following constitute Indebtedness:

(i)     Contingent Obligations Incurred in the ordinary course of business or consistent with past practices;

(ii)     obligations under or in respect of Receivables Financings;

 

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(iii)     any balance that constitutes a trade payable, accrued expense or similar obligation to a trade creditor, in each case Incurred in the ordinary course of business;

(iv)     intercompany liabilities that would be eliminated on the consolidated balance sheet of the Parent Borrower and its consolidated Subsidiaries;

(v)     prepaid or deferred revenue arising in the ordinary course of business;

(vi)     Cash Management Services;

(vii)     in connection with the purchase by the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary of any business, any post-closing payment adjustments to which the seller may become entitled to the extent such payment is determined by a final closing balance sheet or such payment depends on the performance of such business after the closing; provided, however, that, at the time of closing, the amount of any such payment is not determinable and, to the extent such payment thereafter becomes fixed and determined, the amount is paid in a timely manner;

(viii)     obligations, to the extent such obligations would otherwise constitute Indebtedness, under any agreement that have been defeased or satisfied and discharged pursuant to the terms of such agreement;

(ix)     for the avoidance of doubt, any obligations in respect of workers’ compensation claims, early retirement or termination obligations, deferred compensatory or employee or director equity plans, pension fund obligations or contributions or similar claims, obligations or contributions or social security or wage taxes; or

(x)     Capital Stock (other than Disqualified Stock and Preferred Stock).

Indemnified Liabilities” has the meaning specified in Section 10.05.

Indemnified Taxes” means (a) all Taxes, other than Excluded Taxes, imposed on or with respect to any payment made by or on account of any obligation of any Loan Party under any Loan Document and (b) to the extent not otherwise described in (a), all Other Taxes.

Indemnitees” has the meaning specified in Section 10.05.

Independent Financial Advisor” means an accounting, appraisal or investment banking firm or consultant, in each case of nationally recognized standing that is, in the good faith determination of the Parent Borrower, qualified to perform the task for which it has been engaged.

Information” has the meaning specified in Section 10.08.

Initial Borrowing” means a borrowing consisting of simultaneous Initial Loans of the same Type and, in the case of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, having the same Interest Period made by each of the Lenders pursuant to Section 2.01(a), in each case, on the Closing Date.

Initial Commitment” means, as to each Lender, its obligation to make Initial Loans to the Borrowers pursuant to Section 2.01(a) in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed the amount set forth opposite such Lender’s name on Schedule 2.01 under the caption “Initial Commitment” as such amount may be adjusted from time to time in accordance with this Agreement. The initial aggregate amount of the Initial Commitments is $100,000,000.

Initial Loans” has the meaning specified in Section 2.01(a).

Initial Public Company Costs” means, as to any Person, costs relating to compliance with the provisions of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act (or similar regulations applicable in other listing jurisdictions), as

 

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applicable to companies with equity securities held by the public, costs associated with, or in anticipation of, or preparation for, compliance with the requirements of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 (or similar non-U.S. regulations) and the rules and regulations promulgated in connection therewith (or similar regulations applicable in other listing jurisdictions), the rules of national securities exchange companies with listed equity, directors’ compensation, fees and expense reimbursement, costs relating to investor relations, shareholder meetings and reports to shareholders, directors’ and officers’ insurance and other executive costs, legal and other professional fees, and listing fees, in each case to the extent arising solely by virtue of the initial listing of such Person’s equity securities on a national securities exchange (or similar non-U.S. exchange); provided that any such costs arising from the costs described above in respect of the ongoing operation of such Person as a listed equity or its listed debt securities following the initial listing of such Person’s equity securities or debt securities, respectively, on a national securities exchange (or similar non-U.S. exchange) shall not constitute Initial Public Company Costs.

Intellectual Property Security Agreement” means, collectively, the intellectual property security agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit B to the Security Agreement, dated the date of this Agreement, together with each other intellectual property security agreement or Intellectual Property Security Agreement Supplement executed and delivered pursuant to Section 6.12, Section 6.14 or Section 6.16.

Intellectual Property Security Agreement Supplement” means, collectively, any intellectual property security agreement supplement entered into in connection with, and pursuant to the terms of, any Intellectual Property Security Agreement.

Intercompany Subordination Agreement” means an intercompany subordination agreement, in substantially the form of Exhibit J hereto, or otherwise in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

Interest Payment Date” means, (a) as to any Loan other than a Base Rate Loan, the last day of each Interest Period applicable to such Loan and the Maturity Date of the Facility under which such Loan was made; provided, however, that if any Interest Period for a Eurocurrency Rate Loan exceeds three months, the respective dates that fall every three months after the beginning of such Interest Period shall also be Interest Payment Dates; and (b) as to any Base Rate Loan, the last Business Day of each March, June, September and December, and the Maturity Date of the Facility under which such Loan was made, commencing September 30, 2018.

Interest Period” means, as to each Eurocurrency Rate Loan, the period commencing on the date such Eurocurrency Rate Loan is disbursed or converted to or continued as a Eurocurrency Rate Loan and ending on the date one (1), two (2), three (3) or six (6) months thereafter, or to the extent consented to by all Appropriate Lenders, twelve months thereafter (or such shorter interest period as may be agreed to by all Lenders of the applicable Tranche) as the Parent Borrower may elect; as selected by the Parent Borrower in a Committed Loan Notice; provided that:

(a)     any Interest Period that would otherwise end on a day that is not a Business Day shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day unless such Business Day falls in another calendar month, in which case such Interest Period shall end on the next preceding Business Day;

(b)     any Interest Period that begins on the last Business Day of a calendar month (or on a day for which there is no numerically corresponding day in the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period) shall end on the last Business Day of the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period; and

(c)     no Interest Period shall extend beyond the scheduled Maturity Date of the Facility under which such Loan was made.

Interpolated Rate” means, at any time, for any Interest Period, the rate per annum (rounded to the same number of decimal places as the Screen Rate) determined by the Administrative Agent (which determination shall be conclusive and binding absent manifest error) to be equal to the rate that results from interpolating on a linear basis between: (a) the Screen Rate for the longest period for which the Screen Rate is available for Dollars) that is

 

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shorter than the Impacted Interest Period; and (b) the Screen Rate for the shortest period (for which that Screen Rate is available for Dollars) that exceeds the Impacted Interest Period, in each case, at such time.

Investment” means, with respect to any Person, (i) all investments by such Person in other Persons (including Affiliates) in the form of (a) loans (including guarantees of Indebtedness), (b) advances or capital contributions (excluding accounts receivable, trade credit and advances or other payments made to customers, dealers, suppliers and distributors and payroll, commission, travel and similar advances to officers, directors, managers, employees consultants and independent contractors made in the ordinary course of business), and (c) purchases or other acquisitions for consideration of Indebtedness, Equity Interests or other securities issued by any other Person and (ii) investments that are required by GAAP to be classified on the balance sheet of the Parent Borrower in the same manner as the other investments included in clause (i) of this definition to the extent such transactions involve the transfer of cash or other property; provided that Investments shall not include, in the case of the Parent Borrower and the Subsidiaries, intercompany loans, advances, or Indebtedness having a term not exceeding 364 days (inclusive of any roll-over or extensions of terms) and made in the ordinary course of business. If the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary sells or otherwise disposes of any Equity Interests of any Subsidiary, or any Subsidiary issues any Equity Interests, in either case, such that, after giving effect to any such sale or disposition, such Person is no longer a Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower, the Parent Borrower shall be deemed to have made an Investment on the date of any such sale or other disposition equal to the Fair Market Value of the Equity Interests of and all other Investments in such Subsidiary retained. In no event shall a guarantee of an operating lease of the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary be deemed an Investment.

The amount of any Investment outstanding at any time (including for purposes of calculating the amount of any Investment outstanding at any time under any provision of Section 7.10 and otherwise determining compliance with Section 7.10) shall be the original cost of such Investment (determined, in the case of any Investment made with assets of the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary, based on the Fair Market Value of the assets invested and without taking into account subsequent increases or decreases in value), reduced by any dividend, distribution, interest payment, return of capital, repayment or other amount received in cash by the Parent Borrower or a Subsidiary in respect of such Investment and shall be net of any Investment by such Person in the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary.

Investment Grade Rating” means a rating equal to or higher than Baa3 (or the equivalent) by Moody’s and BBB- (or the equivalent) by S&P, or an equivalent rating by any other “nationally recognized statistical rating organization” within the meaning of Section 3 under the Exchange Act selected by the Parent Borrower as a replacement agency for Moody’s or S&P, as the case may be.

Investment Grade Securities” means:

(1)     securities issued or directly and guaranteed or insured by the U.S. government or any agency or instrumentality thereof (other than Cash Equivalents),

(2)     securities that have an Investment Grade Rating, but excluding any debt securities or instruments constituting loans or advances among the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries,

(3)     investments in any fund that invests at least 95.0% of its assets in investments of the type described in clauses (1) and (2) above and clause (4) below which fund may also hold immaterial amounts of cash pending investment and/or distribution, and

(4)     corresponding instruments in countries other than the United States customarily utilized for high quality investments and in each case with maturities not exceeding two years from the date of acquisition.

IP Rights” has the meaning specified in Section 5.16.

IRS” means the United States Internal Revenue Service.

 

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joint venture” means any joint venture or similar arrangement (in each case, regardless of legal formation), including but not limited to collaboration arrangements, profit sharing arrangements or other contractual arrangements.

JPMCB” means JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A

Judgment Currency” has the meaning specified in Section 10.23.

Junior Financing” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05.

Junior Financing Document” means any documentation governing any Junior Financing.

JV Distribution” means, at any time, 50% of the aggregate amount of all cash dividends or distributions received by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries as a return on an Investment in a Permitted Joint Venture that is not a Subsidiary during the period from the Closing Date through the end of the fiscal quarter most recently ended immediately prior to such date for which financial statements are internally available; provided that the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries are not required to reinvest such dividends or distributions in the Permitted Joint Venture.

Latest Maturity Date” means, at any date of determination, the latest maturity or expiration date applicable to any Tranche at such time under this Agreement, in each case as extended in accordance with this Agreement from time to time.

Laws” means, collectively, all applicable international, foreign, federal, state and local statutes, treaties, rules, guidelines, regulations, ordinances, codes and administrative or judicial precedents or authorities, including the interpretation or administration thereof by any Governmental Authority charged with the enforcement, interpretation or administration thereof, and all applicable administrative orders, directed duties, requests, licenses, authorizations and permits of, and agreements with, any Governmental Authority.

Lender” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement.

Lender Parent” means, with respect to any Lender, any Person as to which such Lender is, directly or indirectly, a subsidiary.

Lending Office” means, as to any Lender, the office or offices of such Lender described as such in such Lender’s Administrative Questionnaire, or such other office or offices as a Lender may from time to time notify the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent.

Lien” means, with respect to any asset, any mortgage, lien, pledge, hypothecation, charge, security interest, preference, priority or encumbrance of any kind in respect of such asset, whether or not filed, recorded or otherwise perfected under applicable law (including any conditional sale or other title retention agreement, any lease in the nature thereof, any option or other agreement to sell or give a security interest in and any filing of or agreement to give any financing statement under the Uniform Commercial Code (or equivalent or similar statutes) of any jurisdiction); provided that in no event shall an operating lease or an agreement to sell be deemed to constitute a Lien.

Loan” means an extension of credit by a Lender to the Borrowers under Article II.

Loan Documents” means, collectively, (i) this Agreement, (ii) the Notes, (iii) the Guaranty, (iv) the Collateral Documents, (v) the Intercompany Subordination Agreement, (vi) the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement and any other intercreditor agreement required to be entered into pursuant to the terms of this Agreement and (vii) any Refinancing Amendment.

Loan Parties” means, collectively, the Borrowers and each Guarantor.

 

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London Banking Day” means any day on which dealings in Dollar deposits are conducted by and between banks in the London interbank market.

Majority Lenders” of any Tranche shall mean those Non-Defaulting Lenders which would constitute the Required Lenders under, and as defined in, this Agreement if all outstanding Obligations of the other Tranches under this Agreement were repaid in full and all Commitments with respect thereto were terminated.

Management Agreement” means that certain Second Amended and Restated Advisory Agreement dated as of September 15, 2016 between GTCR Management XI LP, a Delaware limited liability partnership, Vector and TriLink, as the same may be amended, restated, modified or replaced, from time to time, to the extent such amendment, modification or replacement is not less advantageous to the Lenders in any material respect than such Management Agreement.

Margin Stock” has the meaning assigned to such term in Regulation U of the Board as from time to time in effect.

Material Adverse Effect” means (a) a material adverse effect on the business, assets, property, liabilities (actual or contingent), financial condition or results of operations of the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, (b) a material adverse effect on the ability of the Loan Parties (taken as a whole) to perform their respective obligations under the Loan Documents or (c) a material adverse effect on the rights or remedies of the Agents or the Lenders under the Loan Documents.

Material Real Property” means any parcel of real property (other than a parcel with a Fair Market Value of less than $5,000,000 and other than a parcel constituting Excluded Property) owned in fee by a Loan Party and located in the United States; provided, however, that one or more parcels owned in fee by a Loan Party and located adjacent to, contiguous with, or in close proximity to, and comprising one property with a common street address, may, in the reasonable discretion of the Administrative Agent, be deemed to be one parcel for the purposes of this definition.

Maturity Date” means: with respect to the Initial Loans, the earlier of (a) August 2, 2026 and (b) the date that the Initial Loans are declared due and payable pursuant to Section 8.02; provided that the reference to Maturity Date with respect to (i) Loans that are the subject of a loan modification offer pursuant to Section 10.01 and (ii) Loans that are incurred pursuant to Section 2.14 or 2.18 shall, in each case, be the final maturity date as specified in the loan modification documentation, incremental documentation, or specified refinancing documentation, as applicable thereto.

Maximum Leverage Requirement” means, with respect to any request made in reliance on this definition under Article II for an increase in any Tranche for a New Facility or for the issuance of New Incremental Notes, the requirement that, on a Pro Forma Basis, after giving effect to such increase, such new Facility (assuming all commitments thereunder are fully drawn) or such New Incremental Notes (including, in each case, any acquisition consummated concurrently therewith) and excluding any increase to cash and Cash Equivalents resulting therefrom, (a) for any such increase, new Facility and/or New Incremental Notes that are secured on a pari passu basis with the Loans or that are secured on a junior basis to the Loans, the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio as of the most recently ended fiscal quarter for which internal financial statements are available does not exceed 7.25:1.00 or (b) for any such increase, new Facility and/or New Incremental Notes that are unsecured, the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio as of the most recently ended fiscal quarter for which internal financial statements are available does not exceed 7.25:1.00.

Maximum Rate” has the meaning specified in Section 10.10.

Minimum Tender Condition” has the meaning specified in Section 2.19.

Moody’s” means Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and any successor thereto.

 

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Mortgage” means, collectively, the deeds of trust, trust deeds, deeds to secure debt and mortgages in respect of Mortgaged Properties in the U.S. made by the Loan Parties in favor or for the benefit of the Collateral Agent on behalf of the Lenders in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Parent Borrower and Administrative Agent, in each case as the same may be amended, amended and restated, extended, supplemented, substituted or otherwise modified from time to time.

Mortgage Policies” has the meaning specified in Section 6.14.

Mortgaged Properties” means the parcels of real property identified on Schedule 5.08(b) and any other Material Real Property with respect to which a Mortgage is required pursuant to Section 6.12.

Multiemployer Plan” means a “multiemployer plan” as defined in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA, to which any Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate makes or is obligated to make contributions.

Natural Person” means (a) any natural person or (b) a holding company, investment vehicle or trust for, or owned and operated for the primary benefit of a natural person or relatives thereof; provided that, with respect to clause (b) above, such holding company, investment vehicle or trust shall not constitute a Natural Person if it (x) has not been established for the primary purpose of acquiring any Loans or Commitments, (y) is managed by a professional advisor, who is not such natural person or a relative thereof, having significant experience in the business of making or purchasing commercial loans, and (z) has assets greater than $25,000,000 and a significant part of its activities consist of making or purchasing commercial loans and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course of its business.

Net Cash Proceeds” means:

(a)     with respect to the Disposition of any asset by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries (other than any Disposition of any Receivables Assets in a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing) or any Casualty Event, the excess, if any, of (i) the sum of cash and Cash Equivalents received in connection with such Disposition or Casualty Event (including any cash or Cash Equivalents received by way of deferred payment pursuant to, or by monetization of, a note receivable or otherwise, but only as and when so received and, with respect to any Casualty Event, any insurance proceeds or condemnation awards in respect of such Casualty Event received by or paid to or for the account of the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries and including any proceeds received as a result of unwinding any related Swap Contract in connection with such related transaction) over (ii) the sum of:

(A)     the principal amount of any Indebtedness that is secured by a Lien on the asset subject to such Disposition or Casualty Event and that is required to be repaid in connection with such Disposition or Casualty Event (other than (x) Indebtedness under the Loan Documents and (y), if such asset constitutes Collateral, any Indebtedness secured by such asset with a Lien ranking pari passu with or junior to the Lien securing the Obligations), together with any applicable premiums, penalties, interest or breakage costs,

(B)     the fees and out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Parent Borrower or such Subsidiary in connection with such Disposition or Casualty Event (including attorneys’ fees, accountants’ fees, investment banking fees, survey costs, title insurance premiums, and related search and recording charges, transfer taxes, deed or mortgage recording taxes, other customary expenses and brokerage, consultant and other customary fees actually incurred in connection therewith),

(C)     all taxes paid or reasonably estimated to be payable in connection with such Disposition or Casualty Event (or any tax distribution the Parent Borrower may make as a result of such Disposition or Casualty Event) and any repatriation costs associated with receipt or distribution by the applicable taxpayer of such proceeds,

 

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(D)     any costs associated with unwinding any related Swap Contract in connection with such transaction,

(E)     any reserve for adjustment in respect of (x) the sale price of the property that is the subject of such Disposition established in accordance with GAAP and (y) any liabilities associated with such property and retained by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries after such Disposition, including pension and other post-employment benefit liabilities and liabilities related to environmental matters or against any indemnification obligations associated with such transaction, and it being understood that “Net Cash Proceeds” shall include, without limitation, any cash or Cash Equivalents (i) received upon the Disposition of any non-cash consideration received by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries in any such Disposition and (ii) upon the reversal (without the satisfaction of any applicable liabilities in cash in a corresponding amount) of any reserve described in this clause (E), and

(F)     in the case of any Disposition or Casualty Event by a Subsidiary that is not a Wholly Owned Subsidiary, the pro rata portion of the Net Cash Proceeds thereof (calculated without regard to this clause (F)) attributable to the minority interests and not available for distribution to or for the account of the Parent Borrower or a Wholly Owned Subsidiary as a result thereof; and

(b)     with respect to the incurrence or issuance of any Indebtedness by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries, the excess, if any, of (i) the sum of the cash received in connection with such incurrence or issuance and in connection with unwinding any related Swap Contract in connection therewith over (ii) the investment banking fees, underwriting discounts and commissions, premiums, expenses, accrued interest and fees related thereto, taxes reasonably estimated to be payable and other out-of-pocket expenses and other customary expenses, incurred by the Parent Borrower or such Subsidiary in connection with such incurrence or issuance and any costs associated with unwinding any related Swap Contract in connection therewith and, in the case of Indebtedness of any Foreign Subsidiary, deductions in respect of withholding taxes that are or would otherwise be payable in cash if such funds were repatriated to the United States.

New Commitment” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

New Facility” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

New Incremental Notes” has the meaning specified in Section 2.15(a).

New Incremental Notes Indentures” means, collectively, the indentures or other similar agreements pursuant to which any New Incremental Notes are issued, together with all instruments and other agreements in connection therewith, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof, but only to the extent permitted under the terms of the Loan Documents.

New Loan” has the meaning specified in Section 2.14(a).

Non-Consenting Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 3.08(c).

Non-Defaulting Lender” means any Lender other than a Defaulting Lender.

Non-Loan Party” means any Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower that is not a Loan Party.

Note” means any promissory note of the Borrowers payable to any Lender or its permitted assigns, in substantially the form of Exhibit C hereto, evidencing the indebtedness of the Borrowers to such Lender resulting from the Loans under the same Tranche made or held by such Lender.

NPL” means the National Priorities List under CERCLA.

 

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NYFRB” means the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

NYFRB Rate” means, for any day, the greater of (a) the Federal Funds Effective Rate in effect on such day and (b) the Overnight Bank Funding Rate in effect on such day (or for any day that is not a Business Day, for the immediately preceding Business Day); provided that if none of such rates are published for any day that is a Business Day, the term “NYFRB Rate” means the rate for a federal funds transaction quoted at 11:00 a.m. on such day received by the Administrative Agent from a federal funds broker of recognized standing selected by it; provided, further, that if any of the aforesaid rates as so determined be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to be zero for purposes of this Agreement.

Obligations” means all advances to, and debts, liabilities, obligations, covenants and duties of, any Loan Party arising under any Loan Document or otherwise with respect to any Loan, whether direct or indirect (including those acquired by assumption), absolute or contingent, due or to become due, now existing or hereafter arising and including interest and fees that accrue after the commencement by or against any Loan Party of any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Laws naming such Person as the debtor in such proceeding, regardless of whether such interest and fees are allowed claims in such proceeding. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Obligations of the Loan Parties under the Loan Documents include (a) the obligation to pay principal, interest, charges, expenses, fees, indemnities and other amounts payable by any Loan Party under any Loan Document and (b) the obligation of any Loan Party to reimburse any amount in respect of any of the foregoing pursuant to Section 10.04.

OFAC” shall have the meaning specified in the definition of Sanctions Laws and Regulations.

OID” means original issue discount.

Organization Documents” means (a) with respect to any corporation, the certificate or articles of incorporation and the bylaws (or equivalent or comparable constitutive documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction), (b) with respect to any limited liability company, the certificate or articles of formation or organization and operating or limited liability company agreement (or equivalent or comparable constitutive documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction) and (c) with respect to any partnership, joint venture, trust or other form of business entity, the partnership, joint venture, trust or other applicable agreement of formation or organization and any agreement, instrument, filing or notice with respect thereto filed in connection with its formation or organization with the applicable Governmental Authority in the jurisdiction of its formation or organization and, if applicable, any certificate or articles of formation or organization of such entity.

Other Affiliate” means the Sponsor and its Affiliates, other than Holdings, any Subsidiary of Holdings and any natural person.

Other Connection Taxes” means, with respect to any Recipient, Taxes imposed as a result of a present or former connection between such Recipient and the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (other than connections arising from such Recipient having executed, delivered, become a party to, performed its obligations under, received payments under, received or perfected a security interest under, engaged in any other transaction pursuant to or enforced any Loan Document, or sold or assigned an interest in any Loan or Loan Document).

Other Taxes” means all present or future stamp, court or documentary, intangible, recording, filing or similar Taxes that arise from any payment made under, from the execution, delivery, performance, enforcement or registration of, from the receipt or perfection of a security interest under, or otherwise with respect to, any Loan Document, except any such Taxes that are imposed with respect to an assignment (other than an assignment made pursuant to Section 3.01(f) or Section 3.08).

Outstanding Amount” means: with respect to the Loans on any date, the aggregate outstanding principal amount thereof after giving effect to any borrowings and prepayments or repayments of the Loans occurring on such date.

 

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Overnight Bank Funding Rate” means, for any day, the rate comprised of both overnight federal funds and overnight Eurodollar borrowings by U.S.-managed banking offices of depository institutions, as such composite rate shall be determined by the NYFRB as set forth on its public website from time to time, and published on the next succeeding Business Day by the NYFRB as an overnight bank funding rate.

Parent Borrower” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement.

Parent Holding Company” means any direct or indirect parent entity of Holdings which holds directly or indirectly 100% of the Equity Interest of Holdings and which does not hold Capital Stock in any other Person (except for any other Parent Holding Company).

Pari Passu Indebtedness” means:

(a)     with respect to the Parent Borrower, any Indebtedness that ranks pari passu in right of security to the Loans; and

(b)     with respect to any Guarantor, its guarantee of the Obligations and any Indebtedness that ranks pari passu in right of security to such Guarantor’s guarantee of the Obligations.

Participant” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(d).

Participant Register” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(m).

Participating Member State” means each state as described in any EMU Legislation.

PATRIOT Act” has the meaning specified in Section 10.22.

PBGC” means the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.

Pension Funding Rules” means the rules of the Code and ERISA regarding minimum required contributions (including any installment payment thereof) to Plans and set forth in Section 412 and 430 of the Code and Sections 302 and 303 of ERISA.

Perfection Exceptions” means that no Loan Party shall be required to (i) enter into control agreements with respect to, or otherwise perfect any security interest by “control” (or similar arrangements) over securities accounts, deposit accounts, other bank accounts, cash and cash equivalents and accounts related to the clearing, payment processing and similar operations of Borrower and its Subsidiaries, (ii) perfect the security interest in the following other than by the filing of a UCC financing statement: (1) letter-of-credit rights (as defined in the UCC), (2) commercial tort claims (as defined in the UCC), (3) Fixtures (as defined in the UCC), except to the extent that the same are Equipment (as defined in the UCC) or are related to real property covered or intended by the Loan Documents to be covered by a Mortgage and (4) Assigned Agreements (as defined in the Security Agreement), (iii) send notices to account debtors or other contractual third-parties unless an Event of Default has not been cured or waived and is continuing and the Administrative Agent has exercised its rights pursuant to Section 8.02 of this Agreement, (iv) enter into any security documents to be governed by the law of any jurisdiction in which assets are located other than the United States, any state thereof (or the District of Columbia) except with respect to the equity and assets of any Foreign Subsidiary that becomes a Loan Party or (v) deliver landlord waivers, estoppels or collateral access letters.

Permitted Asset Swap” means the substantially concurrent purchase and sale or exchange of Related Business Assets or a combination of Related Business Assets and cash or Cash Equivalents between Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries and another Person; provided that any cash or Cash Equivalents received must be applied in accordance with Section 7.04.

Permitted Debt” has the meaning specified in Section 7.01.

 

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Permitted Debt Exchange” has the meaning specified in Section 2.19

Permitted Debt Exchange Notes” means Indebtedness in the form of unsecured, first lien, second lien or other junior lien notes; provided that such Indebtedness (i) satisfies the Permitted Other Debt Conditions, (ii) such Indebtedness is not at any time guaranteed by any Person other than Guarantors, and (iii) to the extent secured, such Indebtedness is not secured by property other than the Collateral and the Liens securing such Indebtedness shall be subject to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements and the security agreements governing such Liens shall be substantially the same as of the Collateral Documents (with such differences as are reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent).

Permitted Debt Exchange Offer” has the meaning specified in Section 2.19(a).

Permitted Holders” means each of (a) the Sponsor, (b) managers and members of management of the Parent Borrower (or any Permitted Parent (other than clause (c) of the definition thereof)) or its Subsidiaries that have ownership interests in the Parent Borrower (or such Permitted Parent (other than clause (c) of the definition thereof)), (c) any other beneficial owner in the common equity of the Parent Borrower (or such Permitted Parent (other than clause (c) of the definition thereof)) as of the Closing Date, (d) any group (within the meaning of Rule 13d-5 under the Exchange Act) of which any of the Persons described in clauses (a), (b) or (c) above are members; provided that, without giving effect to the existence of such group or any other group, any of the Persons described in clauses (a), (b) and (c), collectively, beneficially own Voting Stock representing 50% or more of the total voting power of the Voting Stock of the Parent Borrower (or any Permitted Parent (other than clause (c) of the definition thereof)) then held by such group, and (e) any Permitted Parent.

Permitted Investments” means:

(1)     any Investment in cash and Cash Equivalents or Investment Grade Securities and Investments that were Cash Equivalents or Investment Grade Securities when made;

(2)     any Investment in the Borrowers or any Subsidiary;

(3)     any Investments by Subsidiaries that are not Subsidiary Guarantors in other Subsidiaries that are not Subsidiary Guarantors;

(4)     any Investment by the Borrowers or any Subsidiary in a Person that is primarily engaged in a Similar Business if as a result of such Investment (a) such Person becomes a Subsidiary, or (b) such Person, in one transaction or a series of related transactions, is merged, consolidated or amalgamated with or into, or transfers or conveys all or substantially all of its assets to, or is liquidated into, the Borrowers or a Subsidiary (and any Investment held by such Person that was not acquired by such Person in contemplation of so becoming a Subsidiary or in contemplation of such merger, consolidation, amalgamation, transfer, conveyance or liquidation);

(5)     any Investment in securities or other assets received in connection with an Asset Sale made pursuant to Section 7.04 or any other Disposition of assets not constituting an Asset Sale;

(6)     any Investment (x) existing on the Closing Date and listed on Schedule 7.10, (y) made pursuant to binding commitments in effect on the Closing Date and listed on Schedule 7.10 or (z) that replaces, refinances, refunds, renews or extends any Investment described under either of the immediately preceding clauses (x) or (y); provided that any such Investment is in an amount that does not exceed the amount replaced, refinanced, refunded, renewed or extended, except as contemplated pursuant to the terms of such Investment in existence on the Closing Date or as otherwise permitted under this definition or otherwise under Section 7.10;

(7)     loans and advances to, or guarantees of Indebtedness of, employees, directors, officers, managers, consultants or independent contractors in an aggregate amount, taken together with all other

 

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Investments made pursuant to this clause (7) that are at the time outstanding, not in excess of $8,050,000 outstanding at any one time in the aggregate;

(8)     loans and advances to officers, directors, employees, managers, consultants and independent contractors for business related travel and entertainment expenses, moving and relocation expenses and other similar expenses, in each case in the ordinary course of business;

(9)     any Investment (x) acquired by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries (a) in exchange for any other Investment or accounts receivable held by the Borrowers or any such Subsidiary in connection with or as a result of a bankruptcy, workout, reorganization or recapitalization of the issuer or obligor of such other Investment or accounts receivable, or (b) as a result of a foreclosure or other remedial action by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries with respect to any Investment or other transfer of title with respect to any Investment in default and (y) received in compromise or resolution of (A) obligations of trade creditors or customers that were incurred in the ordinary course of business of the Borrowers or any Subsidiary, including pursuant to any plan of reorganization or similar arrangement upon the bankruptcy or insolvency of any trade creditor or customer, or (B) litigation, arbitration or other disputes;

(10)     Swap Contracts and cash management services permitted under Section 7.01(j), including any payments in connection with the termination thereof;

(11)     any Investment by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries in a Similar Business in an aggregate amount, taken together with all other Investments made pursuant to this clause (11) that are at the time outstanding, not to exceed $23,000,000; provided, however, that if any Investment pursuant to this clause (11) is made in any Person that is not a Subsidiary at the date of the making of such Investment and such Person becomes a Subsidiary after such date, such Investment shall thereafter be deemed to have been made pursuant to clause (2) above and shall cease to have been made pursuant to this clause (11) for so long as such Person continues to be a Subsidiary;

(12)     additional Investments by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries in an aggregate amount, taken together with all other Investments made pursuant to this clause (12) that are at the time outstanding, not to exceed $34,500,000; provided, however, that if any Investment pursuant to this clause (12) is made in any Person that is not a Subsidiary at the date of the making of such Investment and such Person becomes a Subsidiary after such date, such Investment shall thereafter be deemed to have been made pursuant to clause (2) above and shall cease to have been made pursuant to this clause (12) for so long as such Person continues to be a Subsidiary;

(13)     any transaction to the extent it constitutes an Investment that is permitted and made in accordance with the provisions of Section 6.18(b) (except transactions described in clause (2), (3), (4), (8), (9), (13), (14) or (20) of such Section 6.18(b));

(14)     Investments the payment for which consists of Equity Interests (other than Excluded Equity) of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, as applicable; provided, however, that such Equity Interests will not increase the amount available for Restricted Payments under clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05;

(15)     Investments consisting of the leasing, licensing, sublicensing or contribution of intellectual property in the ordinary course of business or pursuant to joint marketing arrangements with other Persons;

(16)     Investments consisting of purchases or acquisitions of inventory, supplies, materials and equipment or purchases, acquisitions, licenses, sublicenses or leases or subleases of intellectual property, or other rights or assets, in each case in the ordinary course of business;

(17)     any Investment in a Receivables Subsidiary or any Investment by a Receivables Subsidiary in any other Person in connection with a Qualified Receivables Financing, including

 

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Investments of funds held in accounts permitted or required by the arrangements governing such Qualified Receivables Financing or any related Indebtedness;

(18)     Investments of a Subsidiary acquired after the Closing Date or of an entity merged into or amalgamated or consolidated with a Subsidiary in a transaction that is not prohibited by Section 7.03 after the Closing Date to the extent that such Investments were not made in contemplation of such acquisition, merger, amalgamation or consolidation and were in existence on the date of such acquisition, merger, amalgamation or consolidation;

(19)     [reserved];

(20)     guarantees of Indebtedness permitted to be incurred under Section 7.01 and obligations relating to such Indebtedness and guarantees (other than guarantees of Indebtedness) in the ordinary course of business;

(21)     advances, loans or extensions of trade credit in the ordinary course of business by the Borrowers or any of the Subsidiaries;

(22)     Investments consisting of purchases and acquisitions of assets or services in the ordinary course of business;

(23)     Investments in the ordinary course of business consisting of Uniform Commercial Code Article 3 endorsements for collection or deposit and Uniform Commercial Code Article 4 customary trade arrangements with customers;

(24)     intercompany current liabilities owed to joint ventures Incurred in the ordinary course of business in connection with the cash management operations of the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries;

(25)     Investments in joint ventures of the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries in an aggregate amount, taken together with all other Investments made pursuant to this clause (25) that are at the time outstanding, not to exceed $8,050,000; provided that the Investments permitted pursuant to this clause may be increased by the amount of JV Distributions, without duplication of dividends or distributions increasing amounts available pursuant to clause (c) of the first paragraph of Section 7.05;

(26)     the Transactions;

(27)     accounts receivable, security deposits and prepayments and other credits granted or made in the ordinary course of business and any Investments received in satisfaction or partial satisfaction thereof from financially troubled account debtors and others, including in connection with the bankruptcy or reorganization of, or settlement of delinquent accounts and disputes with or judgments against, such account debtors and others, in each case in the ordinary course of business;

(28)     Investments acquired as a result of a foreclosure by the Borrowers or any Subsidiary with respect to any secured Investments or other transfer of title with respect to any secured Investment in default;

(29)     Investments resulting from pledges and deposits that are Permitted Liens;

(30)     acquisitions of obligations of one or more officers or other employees of any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, the Borrowers or any Subsidiary of the Borrowers in connection with such officer’s or employee’s acquisition of Equity Interests of any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, so long as no cash is actually advanced by the Borrowers or any Subsidiary to such officers or employees in connection with the acquisition of any such obligations;

 

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(31)     guarantees of operating leases (for the avoidance of doubt, excluding Capitalized Lease Obligations) or of other obligations that do not constitute Indebtedness, in each case, entered into by the Borrowers or any Subsidiary in the ordinary course of business;

(32)     Investments consisting of the redemption, purchase, repurchase or retirement of any Equity Interests permitted by Section 7.05;

(33)     non-cash Investments made in connection with tax planning and reorganization activities;

(34)     Investments made pursuant to obligations entered into when the Investment would have been permitted hereunder so long as such Investment when made reduces the amount available under the clause under which the Investment would have been permitted; and

(35)     Investments made in the ordinary course of business in connection with obtaining, maintaining or renewing client and customer contracts and loans or advances made to, and guarantees with respect to obligations of, distributors, suppliers, licensors and licensees in the ordinary course of business.

Permitted Joint Venture” means, with respect to any specified Person, a joint venture in any other Person engaged in a Similar Business in respect of which any Borrower or a Subsidiary beneficially owns at least 35% of the shares of Equity Interests of such Person.

Permitted Liens” means, with respect to any Person:

(1)     Liens Incurred in connection with workers’ compensation laws, unemployment insurance laws or similar legislation, or in connection with bids, tenders, contracts (other than for the payment of Indebtedness) or leases to which such Person is a party, or to secure public or statutory obligations of such Person or to secure surety, stay, customs or appeal bonds to which such Person is a party, or as security for contested taxes or import duties or for the payment of rent, in each case Incurred in the ordinary course of business;

(2)     Liens imposed by law, such as carriers’, warehousemen’s, landlords’, materialmen’s, repairman’s, construction contractors’, mechanics’ or other like Liens, in each case for sums not yet overdue by more than 30 days or being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings or other Liens arising out of judgments or awards against such Person with respect to which such Person shall then be proceeding with an appeal or other proceedings for review (or which, if due and payable, are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which adequate reserves are being maintained, to the extent required by GAAP) or with respect to which the failure to make payment could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

(3)     Liens for taxes, assessments or other governmental charges or levies (i) that are not yet delinquent or (ii) that are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which adequate reserves are being maintained to the extent required by GAAP, or for property taxes on property such Person or one of its Subsidiaries has determined to abandon if the sole recourse for such tax, assessment, charge, levy or claim is to such property;

(4)     Liens in favor of the issuers of performance and surety bonds, bid, indemnity, warranty, release, appeal or similar bonds or with respect to regulatory requirements or letters of credit or bankers’ acceptances issued and completion of guarantees provided for, in each case, pursuant to the request of and for the account of such Person in the ordinary course of its business;

(5)     survey exceptions, encumbrances, easements or reservations of, or rights of others for, licenses, rights-of-way, servitudes, sewers, electric lines, drains, telegraph and telephone and cable television lines, gas and oil pipelines and other similar purposes, reservations of rights, or zoning, building codes or other restrictions (including, without limitation, minor defects or irregularities in title and similar encumbrances) as to the use of real properties or Liens incidental to the conduct of the business of such

 

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Person or to the ownership of its properties which do not in the aggregate materially adversely interfere with the ordinary conduct of the business of such Person;

(6)     Liens Incurred to secure obligations in respect of Indebtedness permitted to be Incurred pursuant to Section 7.01(a) or (d) and obligations secured ratably thereunder; provided that, in the case of such clause (d), such Lien extends only to the assets and/or Capital Stock the acquisition, lease, construction, repair, replacement or improvement of which is financed thereby and any replacements, additions and accessions thereto and any income or profits thereof; provided that individual financings provided by a lender of the type described in such clause (d) may be cross collateralized to other financings provided by such lender or its affiliates;

(7)     Liens of the Borrowers or any of the Guarantors existing on the Closing Date and listed on Schedule 7.02 and any modifications, replacements, renewals or extensions thereof; provided that (i) the Lien does not extend to any additional property other than (A) after-acquired property that is affixed or incorporated into the property covered by such Lien or (B) proceeds and products thereof; provided that individual financings provided by a lender may be cross collateralized to other financings provided by such lender or its affiliates and (ii) the modification, replacement, renewal, extension or refinancing of the obligations secured or benefited by such Liens (if such obligations constitute Permitted Debt) shall constitute a Permitted Refinancing;

(8)     Liens on assets of, or Equity Interests (other than Equity Interests in any Subsidiary that is required to become a Guarantor pursuant to this Agreement) in, a Person at the time such Person becomes a Subsidiary; provided, however, that such Liens are not created or Incurred in connection with, or in contemplation of, such other Person becoming such a Subsidiary; provided, further, that such Liens are limited to all or a portion of the assets (and improvements on such assets) that secured (or, under the written arrangements under which the Liens arose, could secure) the obligations to which such Liens relate; provided, further, that for purposes of this clause (8), if a Person becomes a Subsidiary, any Subsidiary of such Person shall be deemed to become a Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower, and any property or assets of such Person or any Subsidiary of such Person shall be deemed acquired by the Parent Borrower at the time of such merger, amalgamation or consolidation;

(9)     Liens on assets at the time the Borrowers or any Subsidiary acquired the assets, including any acquisition by means of a merger, amalgamation or consolidation with or into the Borrowers or such Subsidiary; provided, however, that such Liens are not created or Incurred in connection with, or in contemplation of, such acquisition; provided, further, that such Liens are limited to all or a portion of the property or assets (and improvements on such property or assets) that secured (or, under the written arrangements under which the Liens arose, could secure) the obligations to which such Liens relate; provided, further, that for purposes of this clause (9), if, in connection with an acquisition by means of a merger, amalgamation or consolidation with or into any Borrower or any Subsidiary, a Person other than such Borrower or Subsidiary is the successor company with respect thereto, any Subsidiary of such Person shall be deemed to become a Subsidiary of such Borrower or such Subsidiary, as applicable, and any property or assets of such Person or any such Subsidiary of such Person shall be deemed acquired by such Borrower or such Subsidiary, as the case may be, at the time of such merger, amalgamation or consolidation;

(10)     [reserved];

(11)     Liens on cash and Cash Equivalents securing Swap Contracts Incurred in accordance with Section 7.01;

(12)     Liens on specific items of inventory or other goods and proceeds of any Person securing such Person’s obligations in respect of bankers’ acceptances or letters of credit entered into in the ordinary course of business issued or created for the account of such Person to facilitate the purchase, shipment or storage of such inventory or other goods;

 

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(13)     leases, subleases, licenses, sublicenses, occupancy agreements or assignments of or in respect of real or personal property;

(14)     Liens arising from, or from Uniform Commercial Code financing statement filings regarding, operating leases or consignments entered into by the Borrowers and the Guarantors in the ordinary course of business;

(15)     Liens in favor of any Borrower or any Subsidiary Guarantor;

(16)     (i) Liens on Receivables Assets and related assets sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred or purported to be so sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred in connection with a Qualified Receivables Factoring and/or Qualified Receivables Financing and (ii) Liens securing Indebtedness or other obligations of any Receivables Subsidiary;

(17)     deposits made or other security provided in the ordinary course of business to secure liability to insurance carriers or under self-insurance arrangements in respect of such obligations;

(18)     [reserved];

(19)     Non-exclusive and exclusive (in the ordinary course of business) grants of intellectual property, software and other technology licenses;

(20)     judgment and attachment Liens not giving rise to an Event of Default pursuant to Section 8.01(f), (g) or (h) and notices of lis pendens and associated rights related to litigation being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which adequate reserves have been made;

(21)     Liens arising out of conditional sale, title retention, consignment or similar arrangements for the sale of goods entered into in the ordinary course of business;

(22)     Liens incurred to secure Cash Management Services and other “bank products” (including those described in Sections 7.01(j) and (w));

(23)     Liens to secure any refinancing, refunding, extension, renewal or replacement (or successive refinancings, refundings, extensions, renewals or replacements) as a whole, or in part, of any Indebtedness secured by any Lien referred to in the foregoing clauses (7), (8), (9) or (11), or succeeding clauses (24) or (25) of this definition; provided, however, that (x) such new Lien shall be limited to all or part of the same property that secured (or, under the written arrangements under which the original Lien arose, could secure) the original Lien (plus any replacements, additions, accessions and improvements on such property), (y) the Indebtedness secured by such Lien at such time is not increased to any amount greater than the sum of (A) the outstanding principal amount of the Indebtedness described under clause (7), (8), (9), (11), (24) or (25) of this definition at the time the original Lien became a Permitted Lien, and (B) an amount necessary to pay any fees and expenses, including unpaid accrued interest and the aggregate amount of premiums (including tender premiums), and underwriting discounts, defeasance costs and fees and expenses in connection therewith, related to such refinancing, refunding, extension, renewal or replacement and (z)(A) any amounts Incurred under this clause (23) as a refinancing indebtedness of clause (24) of this definition hereunder shall be secured to the same extent, including with respect to any subordination provisions, and subject to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements and (B) any amounts Incurred under this clause (23) as a refinancing indebtedness of clause (25) of this definition hereunder shall reduce the amount available under such clause (25);

(24)     Liens securing Indebtedness permitted to be Incurred pursuant to Section 7.01 if at the time of any Incurrence of such Indebtedness and after giving pro forma effect thereto (i) for any such Indebtedness that is secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with the Liens securing the First Obligations, the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio would not exceed 5.00 to 1.00 or (ii) for any such Indebtedness that is secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with, or a “junior” basis to, the

 

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Liens securing the Obligations, the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio would not exceed 7.25 to 1.00; provided that (x) such Indebtedness shall be secured by the Collateral on a first lien “equal and ratable” basis with the Liens securing the First Lien Obligations or on a pari passu basis with, or a “junior” basis to, the Liens securing the Obligations (in each case pursuant to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements), (y) solely for purposes of this clause (24), any Indebtedness secured pursuant to clause (i) of this clause (24) shall be deemed to constitute Consolidated Funded First Lien Indebtedness and (z) solely for purposes of this clause (24), any Indebtedness secured pursuant to clause (ii) of this clause (24) shall be deemed to constitute Consolidated Funded Senior Secured Indebtedness;

(25)     other Liens securing obligations the principal amount of which does not exceed $23,000,000 at any one time outstanding (after giving effect to clause (23) above as applicable);

(26)     Liens on the Equity Interests or assets of a joint venture to secure Indebtedness of such joint venture Incurred pursuant to Section 7.01(u);

(27)     Liens on equipment of any Borrower or any Guarantor granted in the ordinary course of business to such Borrower’s or such Guarantor’s client at which such equipment is located;

(28)     Liens on the Collateral that rank senior in priority to the Liens securing the Obligations pursuant to the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement securing obligations incurred pursuant to Section 7.01(b);

(29)     Liens on property or assets used to redeem, repay, defease or to satisfy and discharge Indebtedness; provided that such redemption, repayment, defeasance or satisfaction and discharge is not prohibited by this Agreement and that such deposit shall be deemed for purposes of Section 7.05 (to the extent applicable) to be a prepayment of such Indebtedness;

(30)     Liens in favor of customs and revenue authorities arising as a matter of law to secure payment of customs duties in connection with the importation and exportation of goods in the ordinary course of business;

(31)     Liens (i) of a collection bank arising under Section 4-210 of the Uniform Commercial Code, or any comparable or successor provision, on items in the course of collection; (ii) attaching to pooling, commodity trading accounts or other commodity brokerage accounts Incurred in the ordinary course of business; and (iii) in favor of banking or other financial institutions or entities, or electronic payment service providers, arising as a matter of law encumbering deposits (including the right of setoff) and which are within the general parameters customary in the banking or finance industry;

(32)     Liens that are contractual rights of set-off (i) relating to the establishment of depository relations with banks or other Persons not given in connection with the issuance of Indebtedness; (ii) relating to pooled deposit or sweep accounts of any Borrower or any Guarantor to permit satisfaction of overdraft or similar obligations Incurred in the ordinary course of business of the Borrowers and the Guarantors; or (iii) relating to purchase orders and other agreements entered into with customers of any Borrower or any Guarantor in the ordinary course of business;

(33)     any encumbrance or restriction (including put and call arrangements) with respect to Equity Interests of any joint venture or similar arrangement pursuant to any joint venture or similar agreement;

(34)     Liens on insurance policies and the proceeds thereof securing the financing of the premiums with respect thereto;

(35)     Liens on vehicles or equipment of any Borrower or any Guarantor granted in the ordinary course of business;

 

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(36)     Liens on assets of Non-Loan Parties securing Indebtedness Incurred in accordance with Section 7.01(t);

(37)     Liens disclosed by the title insurance policies delivered on or subsequent to the Closing Date for any Mortgaged Property and any replacement, extension or renewal of any such Liens (so long as the Indebtedness and other obligations secured by such replacement, extension or renewal Liens are permitted by this Agreement); provided that such replacement, extension or renewal Liens do not cover any property other than the property that was subject to such Liens prior to such replacement, extension or renewal;

(38)     Liens arising solely by virtue of any statutory or common law provision or customary business provision relating to banker’s liens, rights of setoff or similar rights;

(39)     (a) Liens solely on any cash earnest money deposits made by any Borrower or any Subsidiary in connection with any letter of intent or other agreement in respect of any Permitted Investment and (b) Liens on advances of cash or Cash Equivalents in favor of the seller of any property to be acquired in a Permitted Investment to be applied against the purchase price for such Investment;

(40)     the prior rights of consignees and their lenders under consignment arrangements entered into in the ordinary course of business;

(41)    Liens on securities that are the subject of repurchase agreements constituting Cash Equivalents under clause (4) of the definition thereof;

(42)     Liens encumbering reasonable customary initial deposits and margin deposits and similar Liens attaching to commodity trading accounts or other brokerage accounts Incurred in the ordinary course of business and not for speculative purposes;

(43)     rights reserved or vested in any Person by the terms of any lease, license, franchise, grant or permit held by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries or by a statutory provision, to terminate any such lease, license, franchise, grant or permit, or to require annual or periodic payments as a condition to the continuance thereof;

(44)     restrictive covenants affecting the use to which real property may be put; provided that such covenants are complied with;

(45)     security given to a public utility or any municipality or governmental authority when required by such utility or authority in connection with the operations of that Person in the ordinary course of business;

(46)     zoning by-laws and other land use restrictions, including, without limitation, site plan agreements, development agreements and contract zoning agreements;

(47)     Liens on property constituting Collateral securing obligations issued or incurred under (i) any Refinancing Notes and the Refinancing Notes Indentures related thereto, and (ii) any New Incremental Notes and the New Incremental Notes Indentures related thereto and, in each case, any Permitted Refinancings thereof (or successive Permitted Refinancings thereof); provided that such Liens are subject to customary Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements; and

(48)     Liens on cash proceeds of Indebtedness (and related escrow accounts) in connection with the issuance of such Indebtedness into (and pending the release from) a customary escrow arrangement, to the extent such Indebtedness is incurred in compliance with Section 7.01.

For purposes of determining compliance with this definition, (x) a Lien need not be Incurred solely by reference to one category of Permitted Liens described in this definition but may be Incurred under any combination

 

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of such categories (including in part under one such category and in part under any other such category), (y) in the event that a Lien (or any portion thereof) meets the criteria of one or more of such categories of Permitted Liens, the Parent Borrower shall, in its sole discretion, classify or reclassify such Lien (or any portion thereof) in any manner that complies with this definition, and (z) in the event that a portion of the Indebtedness secured by a Lien could be classified as secured in part pursuant to clause (6) or (24) above (giving effect to the Incurrence of such portion of such Indebtedness), the Parent Borrower, in its sole discretion, may classify such portion of such Indebtedness (and any obligations in respect thereof) as having been secured pursuant to clause (6) or (24) above and thereafter the remainder of the Indebtedness as having been secured pursuant to one or more of the other clauses of this definition.

Permitted Other Debt Conditions” means that such applicable Indebtedness (i) does not mature or have scheduled amortization payments of principal and is not subject to mandatory redemption, repurchase, prepayment or sinking fund obligations (except (x) customary offers or obligations to repurchase, repay or redeem upon a change of control, asset sale, casualty or condemnation event or initial public offering, (y) maturity payments and customary mandatory prepayments for a customary bridge financing which, subject to customary conditions, provides for automatic conversion or exchange into Indebtedness that otherwise complies with the requirements of this definition or (z) “AHYDO” payments), in each case prior to the Latest Maturity Date at the time such Indebtedness is incurred and (ii) the covenants of such Indebtedness are, taken as a whole, not more restrictive to the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries than those contained in the Loan Documents (taken as a whole) (except for (x) covenants or other provisions applicable only to periods after the Maturity Date of the applicable Facility existing at the time of incurrence or issuance thereof and (y) any financial maintenance covenant to the extent such covenant is also added for the benefit of the lenders under the Facility).

Permitted Parent” means (a) any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower so long as a Permitted Holder pursuant to clause (a), (b), (c) or (d) of the definition thereof holds 50% or more of the Voting Stock of such direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, (b) Holdings, so long as it is a Permitted Holder pursuant to clause (a), (b), (c) or (d) of the definition thereof, and (c) any Public Company (or Wholly Owned Subsidiary of such Public Company) to the extent and until such time as any Person or group (other than a Permitted Holder under clause (a), (b), (c) or (d) of the definition thereof) is deemed to be or become a beneficial owner of Voting Stock of such Public Company representing more than 50% of the total voting power of the Voting Stock of such Public Company.

Permitted Refinancing” means, with respect to any Person, any modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension of any Indebtedness of such Person; provided that (a) the principal amount (or accreted value, if applicable) thereof does not exceed the principal amount (or accreted value, if applicable) of the Indebtedness so modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended except by an amount equal to accrued and unpaid interest and a reasonable premium thereon plus other reasonable amounts paid, and fees and expenses reasonably incurred (including original issue discount and upfront fees), in connection with such modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension and by an amount equal to any existing commitments unutilized thereunder; (b) other than with respect to Indebtedness under Section 7.01(d), such modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension has a final maturity date equal to or later than the final maturity date of, and has a Weighted Average Life to Maturity equal to or greater than the Weighted Average Life to Maturity of, the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended; (c) if the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended is subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations, such modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension is subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations on terms, taken as a whole, as favorable in all material respects to the Lenders (including, if applicable, as to Collateral) as those contained in the documentation governing the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended or otherwise acceptable to the Administrative Agent; (d) if the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended is (i) unsecured, such modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension is unsecured, or (ii) if secured by Liens on the Collateral, such modification, refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal or extension is secured to the same extent, including with respect to any subordination provisions, and subject to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements; (e) the terms and conditions (including, if applicable, as to collateral) of any such modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended (other than to the extent permitted by any other clause of this definition or with respect to interest rate, optional prepayment premiums and optional redemption provisions) Indebtedness are, either (i) substantially identical to or less favorable to the investors providing such

 

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Permitted Refinancing, taken as a whole, than the terms and conditions of the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced, exchanged or extended, or (ii) when taken as a whole (other than interest rate, prepayment premiums and redemption premiums), not more restrictive to the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries than those set forth in this Agreement (provided that a certificate of a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower delivered to the Administrative Agent in good faith at least five Business Days prior to the incurrence of such Indebtedness, together with a reasonably detailed description of the material terms and conditions of such Indebtedness or drafts of the documentation relating thereto, stating that the Parent Borrower has determined in good faith that such terms and conditions satisfy the requirement set out in this clause (e), shall be conclusive evidence that such terms and conditions satisfy such requirement unless the Administrative Agent provides notice to the Parent Borrower of its objection during such five Business Day period (including a reasonable description of the basis upon which it objects)), in each case, except for terms and conditions only applicable to periods after the Latest Maturity Date; (f) such modification, refinancing, refunding, renewal, replacement, exchange or extension is incurred by the Person who is or would have been permitted to be the obligor or guarantor (or any successor thereto) on the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, renewed, replaced or extended (it being understood that the roles of such obligors as a borrower or a guarantor with respect to such obligations may be interchanged); and (g) at the time thereof, other than with respect to Indebtedness under Section 7.01(d) and Section 7.01(j), no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing.

Person” means any natural person, corporation, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, association, company, partnership, Governmental Authority, unincorporated organization or other entity.

Plan” means any “employee benefit plan” (other than a Multiemployer Plan) within the meaning of Section 3(3) of ERISA that is maintained or is contributed to by a Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate and is subject to Title IV of ERISA or the minimum funding standards under Section 412 of the Code or Section 302 of ERISA.

Plan Asset Regulations” means 29 CFR § 2510.3-101 et seq., as modified by Section 3(42) of ERISA, as amended from time to time.

Pledged Debt” means “Pledged Debt” as defined in the Security Agreement.

Pledged Interests” means “Pledged Interests” as defined in the Security Agreement.

Pounds Sterling” and “£” means freely transferable lawful money of the United Kingdom (expressed in Pounds Sterling).

Preferred Stock” means any Equity Interest with preferential right of payment of dividends or upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up.

Prepayment Amount” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(c).

Prepayment Date” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(c).

Prepayment Premium” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(a)(iii)

Primary Disqualified Institution” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Disqualified Institution.”

Prime Rate” means the rate of interest last quoted by The Wall Street Journal as the “Prime Rate” in the U.S. or, if The Wall Street Journal ceases to quote such rate, the highest per annum interest rate published by the Federal Reserve Board in Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.15 (519) (Selected Interest Rates) as the “bank prime loan” rate or, if such rate is no longer quoted therein, any similar rate quoted therein (as determined by the Administrative Agent) or any similar release by the Federal Reserve Board (as determined by the Administrative Agent). Each change in the Prime Rate shall be effective from and including the date such change is publicly announced or quoted as being effective.

 

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Pro Forma Basis,” “Pro Forma Compliance” and “Pro Forma Effect” mean, with respect to the calculation of any test, financial ratio, basket or covenant under this Agreement, including the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio and the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio and the calculation of Consolidated Net Tangible Assets, of any Person and its Subsidiaries, as of any date, that pro forma effect will be given to the Transactions, any acquisition, merger, amalgamation, consolidation, Investment, any issuance, Incurrence, assumption or repayment or redemption of Indebtedness (including Indebtedness issued, Incurred or assumed or repaid or redeemed as a result of, or to finance, any relevant transaction and for which any such test, financial ratio, basket or covenant is being calculated), any issuance or redemption of Preferred Stock or Disqualified Stock, all sales, transfers and other dispositions or discontinuance of any Subsidiary, line of business, division, segment or operating unit, any operational change (including the entry into any material contract or arrangement) that have occurred during the four consecutive fiscal quarter period of such Person being used to calculate such test, financial ratio, basket or covenant (the “Reference Period”), or, subsequent to the end of the Reference Period but prior to such date or prior to or substantially simultaneously with the event for which a determination under this definition is made (including any such event occurring at a Person who became a Subsidiary of the subject Person or was merged, amalgamated or consolidated with or into the subject Person or any other Subsidiary of the subject Person after the commencement of the Reference Period), as if each such event occurred on the first day of the Reference Period; provided that (x) pro forma effect will be given to reasonably identifiable and quantifiable pro forma cost savings or expense reductions related to operational efficiencies (including the entry into any material contract or arrangement), strategic initiatives or purchasing improvements and other cost savings, improvements or synergies, in each case, that have been realized, or are reasonably expected to be realized, by such Person and its Subsidiaries based upon actions to be taken within 24 months after the consummation of the action as if such cost savings, expense reductions, improvements and synergies occurred (or were realized) on the first day of the Reference Period and (y) no amount shall be added back pursuant to this definition to the extent duplicative of amounts that are otherwise included in computing Consolidated EBITDA for such Reference Period.

For purposes of making any computation referred to above:

(1)     if any Indebtedness bears a floating rate of interest and is being given pro forma effect, the interest on such Indebtedness shall be calculated as if the rate in effect on the date for which a determination under this definition is made had been the applicable rate for the entire period (taking into account any Swap Contracts applicable to such Indebtedness if such Swap Contracts has a remaining term in excess of 12 months);

(2)     interest on a Capitalized Lease Obligation shall be deemed to accrue at an interest rate reasonably determined by a responsible financial or accounting officer, in his or her capacity as such and not in his or her personal capacity, of the Borrowers or a direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers to be the rate of interest implicit in such Capitalized Lease Obligation in accordance with GAAP;

(3)     interest on Indebtedness that may optionally be determined at an interest rate based upon a factor of a prime or similar rate, a eurocurrency interbank offered rate, or other rate, shall be deemed to have been based upon the rate actually chosen, or, if none, then based upon such optional rate chosen as the Parent Borrower may designate;

(4)     interest on any Indebtedness under a revolving credit facility or a Qualified Receivables Financing computed on a pro forma basis shall be computed based upon the average daily balance of such Indebtedness during the applicable period; and

(5)     to the extent not already covered above, any such calculation may include adjustments calculated in accordance with Regulation S-X under the Securities Act.

Any pro forma calculation may include, without limitation, (1) adjustments calculated in accordance with Regulation S-X under the Securities Act and (2) adjustments calculated to give effect to any Pro Forma Cost Savings, to the extent such adjustments, without duplication, continue to be applicable to the Reference Period; provided that any such adjustments that consist of reductions in costs and other operating improvements or synergies

 

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shall be calculated in accordance with, and satisfy the requirements specified in, the definition of “Pro Forma Cost Savings.”

Pro Forma Cost Savings” means, without duplication of any amounts referenced in the definition of “Pro Forma Basis,” an amount equal to the amount of cost savings, operating expense reductions, operating improvements (including the entry into any material contract or arrangement) and synergies, in each case, projected in good faith to be realized (calculated on a pro forma basis as though such items had been realized on the first day of such period) as a result of actions taken or to be taken by any Borrower (or any successor thereto) or any Subsidiary, net of the amount of actual benefits realized or expected to be realized during such period that are otherwise included in the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA from such actions; provided that such cost savings, operating expense reductions, operating improvements and synergies are factually supportable and reasonably identifiable (as determined in good faith by a responsible financial or accounting officer, in his or her capacity as such and not in his or her personal capacity, of the Parent Borrower (or any successor thereto) or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower) and are reasonably anticipated to result from actions taken or to be taken within 18 months after the consummation of any change that is expected to result in such cost savings, expense reductions, operating improvements or synergies; provided, further, that no cost savings, operating expense reductions, operating improvements and synergies shall be added pursuant to this definition to the extent duplicative of any expenses or charges otherwise added to Consolidated Net Income or Consolidated EBITDA, whether through a pro forma adjustment, add back, exclusion or otherwise, for such period.

Pro Rata Share” means, with respect to each Lender and any Facility or all the Facilities or any Tranche or all the Tranches (as the case may be) at any time, a fraction (expressed as a percentage, carried out to the ninth decimal place, and subject to adjustment as provided in Section 2.17), the numerator of which is the amount of the Commitments of such Lender under the applicable Facility or the Facilities or Tranche or Tranches (and, in the case of any Tranche after the applicable borrowing date and without duplication, the outstanding principal amount of Loans under such Tranche, of such Lender, at such time) at such time and the denominator of which is the amount of the Aggregate Commitments under the applicable Facility or the Facilities or Tranche or Tranches at such time (and, in the case of any Tranche and without duplication, the outstanding principal amount of Loans under such Tranche, at such time); provided that if the commitment of each Lender to make Loans has been terminated pursuant to Section 8.02, then the Pro Rata Share of each Lender shall be determined based on the Pro Rata Share of such Lender immediately prior to such termination and after giving effect to any subsequent assignments made pursuant to the terms hereof. The initial Pro Rata Share of each Lender is set forth opposite the name of such Lender on Schedule 2.01 or in the Assignment and Assumption pursuant to which such Lender became a party hereto, as applicable.

PTE” means a prohibited transaction class exemption issued by the U.S. Department of Labor, as any such exemption may be amended from time to time.

Public Company” means any Person with a class or series of Voting Stock that is traded on a stock exchange or in the over-the-counter market.

Public Sider” means a Lender whose representatives may trade in securities of the Borrowers or its controlling person or any of its Subsidiaries while in possession of the financial statements provided by the Parent Borrower under the terms of this Agreement.

Qualified Holding Company Indebtedness” means Indebtedness of Holdings (A) that is not subject to any Guarantee by any Subsidiary of Holdings (other than a Subsidiary as contemplated under clause (i) of the proviso in Section 7.09 of this Agreement), (B) that has no scheduled amortization or scheduled payments of principal and is not subject to mandatory redemption, repurchase, prepayment or sinking fund obligation (it being understood that such Indebtedness may have mandatory prepayment, repurchase or redemption provisions satisfying the requirements of clause (C) below), (C) that has mandatory prepayment, repurchase or redemption, covenant, default and remedy provisions customary for senior notes (or no more restrictive than is customary) of an issuer that is the parent of a borrower under senior secured credit facilities, and in any event, with respect to covenant, default and remedy provisions, no more restrictive (taken as a whole) than those set forth in this Agreement (other than provisions customary for senior notes of a holding company, including (x) customary assets sale, change of control provisions and customary acceleration rights after an event of default and (y) customary “AHYDO” payments) and

 

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(D) if such Indebtedness is secured, it shall only be secured by assets of any Parent Holding Company (other than Holdings) and any Subsidiary of Holdings that is not prohibited from guaranteeing such Indebtedness as provided in clause (A) of this definition; provided that Holdings shall have delivered a certificate of a Responsible Officer to the Administrative Agent at least five Business Days (or such shorter period as may be agreed by the Administrative Agent) prior to the incurrence of such Indebtedness, together with a reasonably detailed description of the material terms and conditions of such Indebtedness or drafts of the documentation relating thereto, stating that Holdings has reasonably determined in good faith that such terms and conditions satisfy the foregoing requirement (and such certificate shall be conclusive evidence that such terms and conditions satisfy the foregoing requirement unless the Administrative Agent notifies Holdings within such applicable period that it disagrees with such determination (including a reasonably detailed description of the basis upon which it disagrees)); provided, further, that any such Indebtedness shall constitute Qualified Holding Company Indebtedness only if immediately after giving effect to the issuance or incurrence thereof and the use of proceeds thereof, no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing.

Qualified IPO” means the issuance by Holdings or any Parent Holding Company of its common Capital Stock in an underwritten primary public offering (other than a public offering pursuant to a registration statement on Form S-8) or through merger with a special purpose acquisition company resulting in such Capital Stock being listed on a nationally-recognized stock exchange in the applicable jurisdiction.

Qualified Receivables Factoring” means any Factoring Transaction that meets the following conditions:

(1)     such Factoring Transaction is non-recourse to, and does not obligate, any Borrower or any Subsidiary, or their respective properties or assets (other than Receivables Assets) in any way other than pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings,

(2)     all sales, conveyances, assignments and/or contributions of Receivables Assets by any Borrower or any Subsidiary are made at Fair Market Value (as determined in good faith by the Borrower), and

(3)     such Factoring Transaction (including financing terms, covenants, termination events (if any) and other provisions thereof) is on market terms at the time such Factoring Transaction is first entered into (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower) and may include Standard Securitization Undertakings.

The grant of a security interest in any accounts receivable of the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries (other than a Receivables Subsidiary) to secure any Credit Agreement shall not be deemed a Qualified Receivables Factoring.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the aggregate principal amount of accounts receivables at any time with stated due dates after such time that are subject to Qualified Receivables Factorings or Qualified Receivables Financings shall not exceed $23,000,000.

Qualified Receivables Financing” means any Receivables Financing that meets the following conditions:

(1)     the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company shall have determined in good faith that such Qualified Receivables Financing (including financing terms, covenants, termination events and other provisions) is in the aggregate economically fair and reasonable to the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries,

(2)     all sales, conveyances, assignments and/or contributions of Receivables Assets by any Borrower or any Subsidiary to any Receivables Subsidiary and by any Receivables Subsidiary to any other Person are made at Fair Market Value (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower), and

 

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(3)     the financing terms, covenants, termination events and other provisions thereof shall be market terms at the time such Receivables Financing is first entered into (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower) and may include Standard Securitization Undertakings.

The grant of a security interest in any accounts receivable of the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries (other than a Receivables Subsidiary) to secure any Credit Agreement shall not be deemed a Qualified Receivables Financing.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the aggregate principal amount of accounts receivables at any time with stated due dates after such time that are subject to Qualified Receivables Factorings or Qualified Receivables Financings shall not exceed $23,000,000.

Qualifying Bids” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

Ratio-Based Incremental Facility” has the meaning specified in the Section 2.14(a).

Ratio Debt” has the meaning specified in the first paragraph of Section 7.01.

Receivables Assets” means accounts receivable (whether now existing or arising in the future) of the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries, and any assets related thereto including, without limitation, all collateral securing such accounts receivable, all contracts and all guarantees or other obligations in respect of such accounts receivable, proceeds of such accounts receivable and other assets which are customarily transferred or in respect of which security interests are customarily granted in connection with non-recourse, asset securitization or factoring transactions involving accounts receivable and any Swap Contracts entered into by any Borrower or any such Subsidiary in connection with such accounts receivable.

Receivables Fees” means distributions or payments made directly or by means of discounts with respect to any participation interest issued or sold in connection with, and other fees paid to a Person that is not a Subsidiary in connection with, any Receivables Financing.

Receivables Financing” means any transaction or series of transactions that may be entered into by any Borrower or any Subsidiary pursuant to which such Borrower or any such Subsidiary may sell, contribute, convey, assign or otherwise transfer Receivables Assets to (a) a Receivables Subsidiary (in the case of a transfer by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries), and (b) any other Person (in the case of a transfer by a Receivables Subsidiary), which in either case, may include a backup or precautionary grant of security interest in such Receivables Assets so sold, contributed, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred.

Receivables Repurchase Obligation” means any obligation of a seller of receivables in a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing to repurchase receivables arising as a result of a breach of a representation, warranty or covenant or otherwise, including as a result of a receivable or portion thereof becoming subject to any asserted defense, dispute, off-set or counterclaim of any kind as a result of any action taken by, any failure to take action by or any other event relating to the seller, in each case, that are customary (as determined in good faith by the Parent Borrower) for non-recourse receivables financings.

Receivables Subsidiary” means a Wholly Owned Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower (or another Person formed for the purposes of engaging in a Qualified Receivables Financing with the Parent Borrower in which the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower makes an Investment and to which the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower sells, conveys, assigns or otherwise transfers Receivables Assets (which may include a backup or precautionary grant of security interest in such Receivables Assets sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred or purported to be so sold, conveyed, assigned or otherwise transferred)) which engages in no activities other than in connection with the purchase, acquisition or financing of Receivables Assets of the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, all proceeds thereof and all rights (contractual or other), collateral and other assets relating thereto, and any business or activities incidental or related

 

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to such business, and which is designated by the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower or any Parent Holding Company (as provided below) as a Receivables Subsidiary and:

(1)     no portion of the Indebtedness or any other obligations (contingent or otherwise) of which (i) is guaranteed by the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary (other than a Receivables Subsidiary, excluding guarantees of obligations (other than the principal of, and interest on, Indebtedness) pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings), (ii) is recourse to or obligates the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary (other than a Receivables Subsidiary) in any way other than pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings, or (iii) subjects any property or asset of the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary (other than a Receivables Subsidiary), directly or indirectly, contingently or otherwise, to the satisfaction thereof, other than pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings,

(2)     with which neither the Parent Borrower nor any Subsidiary (other than a Receivables Subsidiary) has any material contract, agreement, arrangement or understanding other than on terms which the Parent Borrower reasonably believes to be no less favorable to the Parent Borrower or such Subsidiary than those that might be obtained at the time from Persons that are not Affiliates of the Parent Borrower, and

(3)     to which neither the Parent Borrower nor any other Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower has any obligation to maintain or preserve such entity’s financial condition or cause such entity to achieve certain levels of operating results.

Any such designation by the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower or any Parent Holding Company shall be evidenced to the Administrative Agent by filing with the Administrative Agent a certified copy of the resolution of the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower or such Parent Holding Company giving effect to such designation and an officer’s certificate certifying that such designation complied with the foregoing conditions.

Recipient” means the Administrative Agent and any Lender.

Reference Period” has the meaning given to such term in the definition of “Pro Forma Basis.”

Refinancing” has the meaning given to such term in the definition of “Transactions.”

Refinancing Amendment” means an amendment to this Agreement, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, among the Borrowers, the Administrative Agent and the Lenders providing Specified Refinancing Debt, effecting the incurrence of such Specified Refinancing Debt in accordance with Section 2.18.

Refinancing Indebtedness” has the meaning specified in Section 7.01.

Refinancing Notes” means one or more series of senior unsecured notes, or senior secured notes secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with the Liens securing the Obligations or senior secured notes secured by the Collateral on a “junior” basis to the Liens securing the Obligations, in each case issued in respect of a refinancing of outstanding Indebtedness of the Borrowers under any one or more Tranches; provided that, (a) if such Refinancing Notes shall be secured, then (i) such Refinancing Notes shall only be secured by a security interest in the Collateral that secured the Tranche being refinanced, and (ii) such Refinancing Notes shall be issued subject to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements; (b) no Refinancing Notes shall (i) mature prior to the Latest Maturity Date with respect to Loans then in effect immediately after giving effect to such refinancing or (ii) be subject to any amortization prior to the final maturity thereof, or be subject to any mandatory redemption or prepayment provisions or rights (except (x) customary assets sale, casualty events or similar event, change of control provisions, special mandatory redemptions in connection with customary escrow arrangements and customary acceleration rights after an event of default and (y) customary “AHYDO” payments); (c) the covenants, events of default, guarantees, collateral and other terms of such Refinancing Notes are customary for similar debt securities in light of then-prevailing market conditions at the time of issuance (it being understood that no Refinancing Notes shall include any financial maintenance covenants (including indirectly by way of a cross-default to this Agreement), but that customary cross-

 

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acceleration provisions may be included and that any negative covenants with respect to indebtedness, investments, liens or restricted payments shall be incurrence-based) and in any event are not more favorable to the investors providing such Refinancing Notes, taken as a whole, than the terms and conditions of the Indebtedness being refinanced by such Refinancing Notes (excluding pricing and optional prepayment or redemption terms), except for covenants or other provisions (x) applicable only to periods after the Latest Maturity Date then in effect immediately after giving effect to such refinancing or (y) reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent or as are, in consultation with the Administrative Agent, incorporated into this Agreement (or any other applicable Loan Document) for the benefit of all existing Lenders (to the extent applicable to such Lender) without further amendment requirements (provided that a certificate of a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower delivered to the Administrative Agent in good faith at least five Business Days (or such shorter period as may be agreed by the Administrative Agent) prior to the incurrence of such Refinancing Notes, together with a reasonably detailed description of the material terms and conditions of such Refinancing Notes or drafts of the documentation relating thereto, stating that the Parent Borrower has determined in good faith that such terms and conditions satisfy the requirement set forth in this clause (c), shall be conclusive evidence that such terms and conditions satisfy such requirement unless the Administrative Agent provides notice to the Parent Borrower of its objection during such five Business Day period (or shorter) (including a reasonable description of the basis upon which it objects)); (d) such Refinancing Notes may not have obligors or Liens that are more extensive than those which applied to the Indebtedness being refinanced (it being understood that the roles of such obligors as a borrower or a guarantor with respect to such obligations may be interchanged); and (e) the Net Cash Proceeds of such Refinancing Notes shall be applied, substantially concurrently with the incurrence thereof, to the pro rata prepayment of outstanding Loans under the applicable Tranche being so refinanced and the payment of fees, expenses and premiums, if any, payable in connection therewith.

Refinancing Notes Indentures” means, collectively, the indentures or other similar agreements pursuant to which any Refinancing Notes are issued, together with all instruments and other agreements in connection therewith, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof, but only to the extent permitted under the terms of the Loan Documents.

Refunding Capital Stock” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05.

Register” has the meaning specified in Section 10.07(c).

Regulation S-X” means Regulation S-X under the Securities Act.

Related Business Assets” means assets (other than cash or Cash Equivalents) used or useful in a Similar Business; provided that any assets received by the Borrowers or a Subsidiary in exchange for assets transferred by the Borrowers or a Subsidiary will not be deemed to be Related Business Assets if they consist of securities of a Person, unless such Person is, or upon receipt of the securities of such Person, such Person would become, a Subsidiary.

Related Parties” means, with respect to any Person, such Person’s Affiliates and the partners, members, directors, managers, officers, employees, agents, attorneys-in-fact, trustees and advisors of such Person and of such Person’s Affiliates.

Release” means any release, spill, emission, leaking, dumping, injection, pouring, deposit, disposal, discharge, dispersal, migration or leaching into or through the Environment.

Relevant Transaction” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(b)(ii).

Replaceable Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 3.08(a).

Replacement Assets” means (1) substantially all the assets of a Person primarily engaged in a Similar Business or (2) a majority of the Voting Stock of any Person primarily engaged in a Similar Business that will become, on the date of acquisition thereof, a Subsidiary.

 

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Reply Amount” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

Reply Discount” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

Reportable Event” means any of the events set forth in Section 4043(c) of ERISA or the regulations issued thereunder, other than events for which the 30-day notice period has been waived.

Request for Credit Extension” means with respect to a Borrowing, conversion or continuation of Loans, a Committed Loan Notice.

Required Lenders” means, as of any date of determination, Lenders having more than 50% of the sum of the (a) Total Outstandings and (b) aggregate unused Commitments; provided that the unused Commitments of, and the portion of the Total Outstandings held or deemed held by (x) any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Lenders and (y) any Affiliate Lenders (other than Debt Fund Affiliates) shall be deemed to have voted in the same proportion as Lenders that are not Affiliate Lenders vote on such matter; provided, further, that if at any time there are three or more Lenders (treating Affiliates as a single lender) with Total Outstandings or unused Commitments, then at such time, the Required Lenders shall constitute at least two such Lenders.

Responsible Officer” means the chief executive officer, representative, director, manager, president, vice president, executive vice president, chief financial officer, treasurer or assistant treasurer, secretary or assistant secretary, an authorized signatory, an attorney-in-fact (to the extent empowered by the board of directors/managers of Holdings or the Parent Borrower), or other similar officer of a Loan Party. Any document delivered hereunder that is signed by a Responsible Officer of a Loan Party shall be conclusively presumed to have been authorized by all necessary corporate, partnership and/or other action on the part of such Loan Party and such Responsible Officer shall be conclusively presumed to have acted on behalf of such Loan Party.

Restricted Investment” means an Investment other than a Permitted Investment.

Restricted Payment” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05.

Retained Asset Sale Proceeds” has the meaning specified in Section 2.05(b)(ii).

Retained Excess Cash Flow Amount” means, at any date of determination, an amount, no less than zero and determined on a cumulative basis, that is equal to the aggregate cumulative sum of Excess Cash Flow that is not required to be applied to make a payment under Section 2.05(b)(i) (or Section 2.05(b)(i) of the First Lien Credit Agreement) for each completed fiscal year commencing with the first full fiscal year after the Closing Date.

Retired Capital Stock” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05.

Return Bid” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Dutch Auction.”

Sale/Leaseback Transaction” means an arrangement relating to property now owned or hereafter acquired by any Borrower or a Subsidiary whereby any Borrower or a Subsidiary transfers such property to a Person and such Borrower or such Subsidiary leases it from such Person, other than leases between a Borrower and a Subsidiary or between Subsidiaries.

Sanctions Laws and Regulations” means economic or financial sanctions or trade embargoes imposed, administered or enforced from time to time by (a) the U.S. government, including those administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) or the U.S. Department of State, or (b) the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, any European Union member state or Her Majesty’s Treasury of the United Kingdom or any other governmental authority with jurisdiction over Holdings, the Borrowers or any of their respective Subsidiaries.

S&P” means Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC, and any successor thereto.

 

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Screen Rate” means, for any day and time, with respect to any Eurocurrency Rate Borrowing in Dollars and for any Interest Period, the London interbank offered rate as administered by ICE Benchmark Administration (or any other Person that takes over the administration of such rate for Dollars for a period equal in length to such Interest Period as displayed on such day and time on pages LIBOR01 or LIBOR02 of the Reuters screen that displays such rate (or, in the event such rate does not appear on a Reuters page or screen, on any successor or substitute page on such screen that displays such rate, or on the appropriate page of such other information service that publishes such rate from time to time as selected by the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion); provided that if the Screen Rate as so determined would be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to zero for the purposes of this Agreement.

SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission, or any Governmental Authority succeeding to any of its principal functions.

Secured Obligations” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

Secured Parties” means, collectively, the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Lenders and each co-agent or subagent appointed by the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent from time to time pursuant to Article IX.

Securities Act” means the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the SEC promulgated thereunder.

Security Agreement” means, collectively, the Security Agreement dated as of the date hereof executed by the Loan Parties party thereto, substantially in the form of Exhibit G, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof, together with each other security agreement and security agreement supplement executed and delivered pursuant to Section 6.12, 6.14 or 6.16.

Security Agreement Supplement” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

Similar Business” means any business engaged or proposed to be engaged in by Holdings and its Subsidiaries on the Closing Date and any business or other activities that are similar, ancillary, complementary, incidental or related thereto, or an extension, development or expansion of, the businesses in which Holdings and its Subsidiaries are engaged on the Closing Date.

Solvent” means, with respect to any Person on any date of determination, that on such date (a) the fair value of the assets of such Person is greater than the total amount of liabilities, including contingent liabilities, of such Person, (b) the present fair salable value of the assets of such Person is greater than or equal to the total amount that will be required to pay the probable liabilities, including contingent liabilities, of the Loan Parties as they become absolute and matured, (c) the capital of such Person is not unreasonably small in relation to its business as contemplated on such date of determination, (d) such Person has not and does not intend to, and does not believe that it will, incur debts or other obligations, including current obligations, beyond its ability to pay such debts and liabilities as they become due (whether at maturity or otherwise) and (e) such Person is “solvent” within the meaning given to that term and similar terms under Laws applicable to such Person relating to fraudulent transfers and conveyances, transactions at an undervalue, unfair preferences or equivalent concepts. The amount of contingent liabilities at any time shall be computed as the amount that, in the light of all the facts and circumstances existing at such time, represents the amount that can reasonably be expected to become an actual or matured liability or, if a different methodology is prescribed by applicable Laws, as prescribed by such Laws.

SPC” has the meaning specified in Section 1.01(g).

Specified Refinancing Agent” has the meaning specified in Section 2.18(a).

Specified Refinancing Commitment” has the meaning specified in Section 2.18(a).

Specified Refinancing Debt” has the meaning specified in Section 2.18(a).

 

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Specified Refinancing Loans” means Specified Refinancing Debt constituting term loans.

Specified Transaction” means any incurrence or repayment of Indebtedness (excluding Indebtedness incurred for working capital purposes other than pursuant to this Agreement) or Investment that results in a Person becoming a Subsidiary, any acquisition or any Disposition that results in a Subsidiary ceasing to be a Subsidiary of a Borrower, any Investment constituting an acquisition of assets constituting a business unit, line of business or division of another Person or any Disposition of a business unit, line of business or division of the Borrowers or any of the Subsidiaries, in each case whether by merger, consolidation, amalgamation or otherwise or any material restructuring of the Borrowers or implementation of any initiative not in the ordinary course of business.

Sponsor” means GTCR LLC or any of its Control Investment Affiliates and, in each case (whether individually or as a group), Affiliates of each of the foregoing (but excluding any operating portfolio companies of the foregoing).

Sponsor Model” means the model delivered to the Arrangers on June 20, 2018 (together with any updates or modifications thereto reasonably agreed between Holdings and the Arrangers).

Standard Securitization Undertakings” means representations, warranties, covenants, indemnities and guarantees of performance entered into by any Borrower or any Subsidiary of a Borrower which the Parent Borrower has determined in good faith to be customary in a Factoring Transaction or Receivables Financing, including, without limitation, those relating to the servicing of the assets of a Receivables Subsidiary, it being understood that any Receivables Repurchase Obligation shall be deemed to be a Standard Securitization Undertaking.

Stated Maturity” means with respect to any security, the date specified in such security as the fixed date on which the final payment of principal of such security is due and payable, including pursuant to any mandatory redemption provision (but excluding any provision providing for the repurchase of such security at the option of the holder thereof upon the happening of any contingency unless such contingency has occurred).

Statutory Reserve Rate” means a fraction (expressed as a decimal), the numerator of which is the number one and the denominator of which is the number one minus the aggregate of the maximum reserve percentages (including any marginal, special, emergency or supplemental reserves) expressed as a decimal established by the FRB to which the Administrative Agent is subject with respect to the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate, for Eurocurrency funding (currently referred to as “Eurocurrency Liabilities” in Regulation D of the FRB). Such reserve percentages shall include those imposed pursuant to such Regulation D. Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be deemed to constitute Eurocurrency funding and to be subject to such reserve requirements without benefit of or credit for proration, exemptions or offsets that may be available from time to time to any Lender under such Regulation D or any comparable regulation. The Statutory Reserve Rate shall be adjusted automatically on and as of the effective date of any change in any reserve percentage.

Stock Certificates” has the meaning specified in Section 4.01.

Subject Lien” has the meaning specified in Section 7.02.

Subordinated Indebtedness” means (a) with respect to any Borrower, any Indebtedness of such Borrower which is by its terms expressly subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations, and (b) with respect to any Guarantor, any Indebtedness of such Guarantor which is by its terms expressly subordinated in right of payment to its Guarantee of the Obligations.

Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person (1) any corporation, association or other business entity (other than a partnership, joint venture, limited liability company or similar entity) of which more than 50% of the total voting power of the Voting Stock is at the time of determination owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by such Person or one or more of the other Subsidiaries of that Person or a combination thereof, (2) any partnership, joint venture, limited liability company or similar entity of which (x) more than 50% of the capital accounts, distribution rights, total equity and voting interests or general and limited partnership interests, as applicable, are

 

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owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by such Person or one or more of the other Subsidiaries of that Person or a combination thereof, whether in the form of membership, general, special or limited partnership interests or otherwise, and (y) such Person or any Subsidiary of such Person is a controlling general partner or otherwise controls such entity and (3) any Person that is consolidated in the consolidated financial statements of the specified Person in accordance with GAAP.

Subsidiary Guarantor” means, collectively, all Guarantors other than Holdings.

Subsidiary Guaranty” means, collectively, the Subsidiary Guaranty made by the Subsidiary Guarantors in favor of the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Secured Parties, substantially in the form of Exhibit F-2, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof, together with each other guaranty and guaranty supplement delivered pursuant to Section 6.12 or 6.16.

Supplemental Agent” has the meaning specified in Section 9.14(a).

Swap Contract” means (a) any and all rate swap transactions, basis swaps, credit derivative transactions, forward rate transactions, commodity swaps, commodity options, forward commodity contracts, equity or equity index swaps or options, bond or bond price or bond index swaps or options or forward bond or forward bond price or forward bond index transactions, interest rate options, forward foreign exchange transactions, cap transactions, floor transactions, collar transactions, currency swap transactions, cross-currency rate swap transactions, currency options, spot contracts, or any other similar transactions or any combination of any of the foregoing (including any options to enter into any of the foregoing), whether or not any such transaction is governed by or subject to any master agreement, and (b) any and all transactions of any kind, and the related confirmations, which are subject to the terms and conditions of, or governed by, any form of master agreement published by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc., any International Foreign Exchange Master Agreement, or any other master agreement, including any obligations or liabilities under any such master agreement.

Swap Termination Value” means, in respect of any one or more Swap Contracts, after taking into account the effect of any legally enforceable netting agreement relating to such Swap Contracts, (a) for any date on or after the date such Swap Contracts have been closed out and termination value(s) determined in accordance therewith, such termination value(s), and (b) for any date prior to the date referenced in clause (a), the amount(s) determined as the mark-to-market value(s) for such Swap Contracts, as determined based upon one or more mid-market or other readily available quotations provided by any recognized dealer in such Swap Contracts (which may include a Lender or any Affiliate of a Lender).

Tax Distributions” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 7.05(13).

Taxes” means all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.

Threshold Amount” means the greater of (x) $16,100,000 and (y) 30% of Consolidated EBITDA.

Total Outstandings” means the aggregate Outstanding Amount of all Loans.

Tranche” means the respective facility and commitments utilized in making Loans hereunder, with there being one Tranche on the Closing Date, i.e., Initial Loans and Initial Commitments. Additional Tranches may be added after the Closing Date pursuant to the terms hereof, i.e., New Loans, Specified Refinancing Loans, New Commitments and Specified Refinancing Commitments.

Transactions” means, collectively, each of the following transactions:

(a)     the Borrowers obtaining the Initial Loans;

(b)     the Borrowers obtaining the First Lien Facilities;

 

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(c)     the repayment, redemption, repurchase, defeasance, discharge, refinancing or termination (or the giving of notice for the repayment or redemption thereof to the extent accompanied by any prepayments or deposits required to defease, terminate and satisfy and discharge in full the obligations under any related indentures or notes) of all existing third party Indebtedness for borrowed money of the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries under the Existing Credit Agreements and the termination and release of all related guaranties and security interests (or making arrangements for such release that are reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent) (the “Refinancing”);

(d)     the payment of a dividend to the Borrower’s indirect equityholders in an amount not to exceed $52,000,000; and

(e)     the payment of all fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection with the transactions described in the foregoing provisions of this definition (the “Transaction Costs”).

Transaction Agreement Date” has the meaning specified in Section 1.02.

Transaction Costs” has the meaning given to such term in the definition of “Transactions.”

Type” means, with respect to a Loan, its character as a Base Rate Loan or a Eurocurrency Rate Loan.

Undisclosed Administration” means in relation to a Lender or its direct or indirect parent company the appointment of an administrator, provisional liquidator, conservator, receiver, trustee, custodian or other similar official by a supervisory authority or regulator under or based on the law in the country where such Person is subject to home jurisdiction supervision if applicable law requires that such appointment is not to be publicly disclosed.

UCC Filing Collateral” has the meaning specified in Section 4.01.

Unfunded Advances/Participations” means with respect to the Administrative Agent, the aggregate amount, if any (i) made available to the Borrowers on the assumption that each Lender has made available to the Administrative Agent such Lender’s share of the applicable Borrowing available to the Administrative Agent as contemplated by Section 2.12(b) and (ii) with respect to which a corresponding amount shall not in fact have been returned to the Administrative Agent by the Borrowers or made available to the Administrative Agent by any such Lender.

Unfunded Pension Liability” means the excess of a Plan’s benefit liabilities under Section 4001(a) of ERISA over the current value of such Plan’s assets, determined in accordance with assumptions used for funding the Plan pursuant to Section 412 of the Code for the applicable plan year.

Uniform Commercial Code” or “UCC” means the Uniform Commercial Code as the same may from time to time be in effect in the State of New York or the Uniform Commercial Code (or similar code or statute) of another jurisdiction, to the extent it may be required to apply to any item or items of Collateral.

United States” and “U.S.” mean the United States of America.

Unpaid Amount” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05.

U.S. Person” means any Person that is a “United States person” as defined in Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code.

U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 3.01(g)(ii).

Voting Stock” of any Person as of any date means the Capital Stock of such Person that is at the time entitled to vote (without regard to the occurrence of any contingency) in the election of the Board of Directors of such Person.

 

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Weighted Average Life to Maturity” means, when applied to any Indebtedness or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, as the case may be, at any date, the number of years (and/or portion thereof) obtained by dividing: (a) the sum of the products obtained by multiplying (i) the amount of each then remaining installment, sinking fund, serial maturity or other required payments of principal, including payment at final maturity, in respect of such Indebtedness or redemption or similar payment, in respect of such Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, by (ii) the number of years (calculated to the nearest one-twelfth) that will elapse between such date and the making of such payment; by (b) the then outstanding principal amount of such Indebtedness.

Wholly Owned Subsidiary” of any Person means a direct or indirect Subsidiary of such Person 100% of the outstanding Capital Stock or other ownership interests of which (other than directors’ qualifying shares or shares or interests required to be held by foreign nationals or other third parties to the extent required by applicable law) shall at the time be owned by such Person or by one or more Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of such Person.

Withholding Agent” shall mean any Loan Party, the Administrative Agent and any other applicable withholding agent.

Working Capital” means, with respect to the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, Consolidated Current Assets minus Consolidated Current Liabilities.

Write-Down and Conversion Powers” means, with respect to any EEA Resolution Authority, the write- down and conversion powers of such EEA Resolution Authority from time to time under the Bail-In Legislation for the applicable EEA Member Country, which write-down and conversion powers are described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule.

Section 1.02     Other Interpretive Provisions. With reference to this Agreement and each other Loan Document, unless otherwise specified herein or in such other Loan Document:

(a)     The meanings of defined terms are equally applicable to the singular and plural forms of the defined terms.

(b)     The words “herein,” “hereto,” “hereof” and “hereunder” and words of similar import when used in any Loan Document shall refer to such Loan Document as a whole and not to any particular provision thereof.

(c)     References in this Agreement to an Exhibit, Schedule, Article, Section, clause or subclause refer (A) to the appropriate Exhibit or Schedule to, or Article, Section, clause or subclause in this Agreement or (B) to the extent such references are not present in this Agreement, to the Loan Document in which such reference appears.

(d)    The term “including” is by way of example and not limitation.

(e)     The term “documents” includes any and all instruments, documents, agreements, certificates, notices, reports, financial statements and other writings, however evidenced, whether in physical or electronic form.

(f)     Any reference herein to any Person shall be construed to include such Person’s successors and assigns.

(g)     In the computation of periods of time from a specified date to a later specified date, the word “from” means “from and including;” the words “to” and “until” each mean “to but excluding;” and the word “through” means “to and including.”

(h)     Section headings herein and in the other Loan Documents are included for convenience of reference only and shall not affect the interpretation of this Agreement or any other Loan Document.

 

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(i)     In measuring compliance with this Agreement with respect to any (x) Investment or acquisition, in each case, for which Holdings or any Subsidiary thereof may not terminate its obligations under the documentation therefor due to a lack of financing for such Investment or acquisition (whether by merger, consolidation or other business combination or acquisition of Capital Stock or otherwise) as applicable and (y) repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness with respect to which an irrevocable notice of repayment (or similar irrevocable notice), which may be conditional, has been delivered, in each case for purposes of determining:

(1)     whether any Indebtedness (including Acquired Indebtedness) that is being incurred in connection with such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness is permitted to be incurred in compliance with Section 7.01;

(2)     whether any Lien being incurred in connection with such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness or to secure any such Indebtedness is permitted to be incurred in accordance with Section 7.02 or the definition of “Permitted Liens”;

(3)     whether any other transaction undertaken or proposed to be undertaken in connection with such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness complies with the covenants or agreements contained in this Agreement; and

(4)     any calculation of the ratios or baskets, including Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Net Income, Consolidated EBITDA and/or Pro Forma Cost Savings and baskets determined by reference to Consolidated EBITDA or Consolidated Net Tangible Assets and, whether a Default or Event of Default exists in connection with the foregoing,

at the option of the Parent Borrower, the date that the definitive agreement for such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness is entered into or notice, which may be conditional, of such repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness is given to the holders of such Indebtedness (the “Transaction Agreement Date”) may be used as the applicable date of determination, as the case may be, in each case with such pro forma adjustments as are appropriate and consistent with the pro forma adjustment provisions set forth in the definition of “Pro Forma Basis” or “Consolidated EBITDA.” For the avoidance of doubt, if the Parent Borrower elects to use the Transaction Agreement Date as the applicable date of determination in accordance with the foregoing, (a) any fluctuation or change in the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Net Income, Consolidated EBITDA, Consolidated Net Tangible Assets and/or Pro Forma Cost Savings of the Borrowers from the Transaction Agreement Date to the consummation of such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness, will not be taken into account for purposes of determining whether any Indebtedness or Lien that is being incurred in connection with such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness, or in connection with compliance by the Borrowers or any of the Subsidiaries with any other provision of the Loan Documents or any other transaction undertaken in connection with such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness, is permitted to be incurred and (b) until such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness is consummated or such definitive agreements are terminated (or conditions in any conditional notice can no longer be met or such notice is otherwise revoked or withdrawn by the Parent Borrower), such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness and all transactions proposed to be undertaken in connection therewith (including the incurrence of Indebtedness and Liens) will be given pro forma effect when determining compliance of other transactions (including the incurrence of Indebtedness and Liens unrelated to such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness) that are consummated after the Transaction Agreement Date and on or prior to the consummation of such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness and any such transactions (including any incurrence of Indebtedness and the use of proceeds thereof) will be deemed to have occurred on the date the definitive agreements are entered and outstanding thereafter for purposes of calculating any baskets or ratios under the Loan Documents after the date of such agreement and before the consummation

 

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of such Investment, acquisition or repayment, repurchase or refinancing of Indebtedness; provided that the calculation of Consolidated Net Income (and any defined term a component of which is Consolidated Net Income) shall not include the Consolidated Net Income of the Person or assets to be acquired in the relevant Investment or acquisition for purposes of calculating whether the Borrowers or any Subsidiary are permitted to make any Restricted Payment pursuant to Section 7.05 until such time as such Investment or acquisition is actually consummated.

(j)     As used in Article VII and the definitions of “Permitted Investments” and “Permitted Liens”, the term “Consolidated EBITDA” is deemed to refer to Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrower Parties for the four fiscal quarter period most recently then ended for which financial statements have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) or (b), as applicable, calculated on a Pro Forma Basis.

Section 1.03     Accounting Term.

(a)     All accounting terms not specifically or completely defined herein shall be construed in conformity with, and all financial data (including financial ratios and other financial calculations) required to be submitted pursuant to this Agreement shall be prepared in conformity with, GAAP, as in effect from time to time.

(b)     If at any time any change in GAAP or the application thereof would affect the computation or interpretation of any financial ratio, basket, requirement or other provision set forth in any Loan Document, and either the Parent Borrower or the Required Lenders shall so request, the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower shall negotiate in good faith to amend such ratio, basket, requirement or other provision to preserve the original intent thereof in light of such change in GAAP or the application thereof (subject to the approval of the Required Lenders not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed); provided that, until so amended, (i) (A) such ratio, basket, requirement or other provision shall continue to be computed or interpreted in accordance with GAAP or the application thereof prior to such change therein and (B) the Parent Borrower shall provide to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders a written reconciliation in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, between calculations of such ratio, basket, requirement or other provision made before and after giving effect to such change in GAAP or the application thereof or (ii) the Parent Borrower may elect to fix GAAP (for purposes of such ratio, basket, requirement or other provision) as of another later date notified in writing to the Administrative Agent from time to time.

(c)     Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, all such financial statements shall be prepared, and all financial covenants contained herein or in any other Loan Document shall be calculated, in each case, without giving effect to any election under FASB ASC 825 (or any similar accounting principle) permitting a Person to value its financial liabilities at the fair value thereof.

Section 1.04     Rounding. Any financial ratios required to be maintained by the Parent Borrower, or satisfied in order for a specific action to be permitted, under this Agreement shall be calculated by dividing the appropriate component by the other component, carrying the result to one place more than the number of places by which such ratio is expressed herein and rounding the result up or down to the nearest number (with a rounding-up if there is no nearest number).

Section 1.05     References to Agreements and Laws. Unless otherwise expressly provided herein, (a) references to Organization Documents, agreements (including the Loan Documents) and other contractual instruments shall be deemed to include all subsequent amendments, restatements, extensions, supplements and other modifications thereto, but only to the extent that such amendments, restatements, extensions, supplements and other modifications are permitted by any Loan Document and (b) references to any Law shall include all statutory and regulatory provisions consolidating, amending, replacing, supplementing or interpreting such Law. References to specific provisions (or defined terms) in the First Lien Facilities Documentation shall be to such provisions (or defined terms) as amended or replaced (to the extent such amendment or replacement is permitted by the Loan Documents), and cross-references shall be deemed amended as necessary to refer to the same provisions that are referenced in the First Lien Facilities Documentation as in effect on the Closing Date.

Section 1.06     Times of Day. Unless otherwise specified, all references herein to times of day shall be references to Eastern time (daylight savings or standard, as applicable).

 

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Section 1.07     Timing of Payment or Performance. When the payment of any obligation or the performance of any covenant, duty or obligation is stated to be due or performance required on a day which is not a Business Day, the date of such payment (other than as specifically provided in Section 2.12 or as described in the definition of Interest Period) or performance shall extend to the immediately succeeding Business Day.

Section 1.08     Currency Equivalents Generally.

(a)     Any amount specified in this Agreement (other than in Articles II, IX and X or as set forth in clause (b) of this Section 1.08) or any of the other Loan Documents to be in Dollars shall also include the equivalent of such amount in any currency other than Dollars, such equivalent amount to be determined at the rate of exchange quoted by the Reuters World Currency Page for such other currency at 11:00 a.m. (London time) on such day (or, in the event such rate does not appear on any Reuters World Currency Page, by reference to such other publicly available service for displaying exchange rates as may be agreed upon by the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower, or, in the absence of such agreement, such rate shall instead be the arithmetic average of the spot rates of exchange of the Administrative Agent in the market where its foreign currency exchange operations in respect of such currency are then being conducted, at or about 10:00 a.m. (New York City time) on such date for the purchase of Dollars for delivery two Business Days later); provided that if any basket is exceeded solely as a result of fluctuations in applicable currency exchange rates after the last time such basket was utilized, such basket will not be deemed to have been exceeded solely as a result of such fluctuations in currency exchange rates.

(b)     For purposes of determining the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio and the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio, amounts denominated in a currency other than Dollars will be converted to Dollars at the Dollar Equivalent at such date, and will, in the case of Indebtedness and Consolidated Funded Indebtedness, be the weighted average exchange rates used for determining Consolidated EBITDA for the relevant period, provided that if any Borrower Party has entered into any currency Swap Contracts in respect of any borrowings, the currency and amount of such borrowings shall be determined by first taking into account the effects of that currency Swap Contract.

(c)     The Administrative Agent does not warrant, nor accept responsibility, nor shall the Administrative Agent have any liability with respect to the administration, submission or any other matter related to the rates in the definition of “Eurocurrency Rate” or with respect to any comparable or successor rate thereto.

Section 1.09     [Reserved].

Section 1.10     Pro Forma Calculations. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein (subject to Section 1.02(i)), the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio, the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio, the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio, Consolidated EBITDA and Consolidated Net Tangible Assets shall be calculated (including for purposes of Sections 2.14 and 2.15) on a Pro Forma Basis with respect to each Specified Transaction occurring during the applicable four quarter period to which such calculation relates, and/or subsequent to the end of such four-quarter period but not later than the date of such calculation; provided that notwithstanding the foregoing, when calculating the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio for purposes of (i) determining the applicable percentage of Excess Cash Flow for purposes of Section 2.05(b), (ii) the Applicable Rate and (iii) determining actual compliance (and not Pro Forma Compliance or compliance on a Pro Forma Basis) with any Specified Transaction and any related adjustment contemplated in the definition of Pro Forma Basis (and corresponding provisions of the definition of Consolidated EBITDA) that occurred subsequent to the end of the applicable four quarter period shall not be given Pro Forma Effect.

Section 1.11     Calculation of Baskets. If any of the baskets set forth in this Agreement are exceeded solely as a result of fluctuations to Consolidated Net Tangible Assets for the most recently completed fiscal quarter after the last time such baskets were calculated for any purpose under this Agreement, such baskets will not be deemed to have been exceeded solely as a result of such fluctuations.

 

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ARTICLE II.

The Commitments and Credit Extensions

Section 2.01     The Loans.

(a)     The Initial Borrowing. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, each Lender with an Initial Commitment severally agrees to make a single loan denominated in Dollars (the “Initial Loans”) to the Borrowers on the Closing Date in an amount not to exceed such Lender’s Initial Commitment. The Initial Borrowing shall consist of Initial Loans made simultaneously by the Lenders in accordance with their respective Initial Commitments. Amounts borrowed under this Section 2.01(a) and subsequently repaid or prepaid may not be reborrowed. Initial Loans may be Base Rate Loans or Eurocurrency Rate Loans as further provided herein. Notwithstanding the Borrowers’ joint and several liability for all payments to be made under this Agreement, as of the Closing Date, each Borrower hereby agrees, solely as between such Persons that, including for federal or state income tax purposes, the initial principal amount of the outstanding Initial Borrowing of the Parent Borrower is $18,088,087.33, the initial principal amount of the outstanding Initial Borrowing of Vector is $34,513,019.72, the initial principal amount of the outstanding Initial Borrowing of Cygnus is $33,928,948.71 and the initial principal amount of the outstanding Initial Borrowing of TriLink is $13,469,944.24.

(b)    [Reserved].

(c)     After the Closing Date, subject to and upon the terms and conditions set forth herein, each Lender with a Commitment (other than an Initial Commitment) with respect to any Tranche of Loans (other than Initial Loans) severally agrees to make a Loan denominated in Dollars under such Tranche to the Borrowers in an amount not to exceed such Lender’s Commitment under such Tranche on the date of incurrence thereof, which Loans under such Tranche shall be incurred pursuant to a single drawing on the date set forth for such incurrence. Such Loans may be Base Rate Loans or Eurocurrency Rate Loans as further provided herein. Once repaid, Loans incurred hereunder may not be reborrowed.

Section 2.02     Borrowings, Conversions and Continuations of Loans.

(a)     Each Borrowing, each conversion of Loans from one Type to the other, and each continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, shall be made upon irrevocable notice by the Parent Borrower to the Administrative Agent. Each such notice must be in writing and must be received by the Administrative Agent not later than (i) 12:00 p.m. (New York City time) three Business Days prior to the requested date of any Borrowing of, conversion of Base Rate Loans to, or continuation of, Eurocurrency Rate Loans (or in the case of any such Borrowing to be made on the Closing Date, one Business Day prior to the Closing Date) and (ii) 12:00 p.m. on the requested date of any Borrowing of Base Rate Loans or of any conversion of Eurocurrency Rate Loans to Base Rate Loans. Each notice pursuant to this Section 2.02(a) shall be delivered to the Administrative Agent in the form of a written Committed Loan Notice, appropriately completed and signed by a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower.

Each Borrowing of, conversion to or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be (i) in a principal amount of $2,000,000, or (ii) a whole multiple of $1,000,000 in excess thereof. Each Borrowing of, or conversion to, Base Rate Loans shall be (i) in a principal amount of $500,000, or (ii) a whole multiple of $500,000 in excess thereof.

Each Committed Loan Notice shall specify (i) whether the Borrowers are requesting a Borrowing, a conversion of a Tranche of Loans from one Type to the other, or a continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, (ii) the requested date of the Borrowing, conversion or continuation, as the case may be (which shall be a Business Day), (iii) the principal amount of Loans to be borrowed, converted or continued, (iv) the Type of Loans to be borrowed or to which existing Tranche of Loans are to be converted, (v) if applicable, the duration of the Interest Period with respect thereto and (vi) the applicable Borrower to which such Loan shall be made. If, with respect to any Eurocurrency Rate Loans, the Parent Borrower fails to specify a Type of Loan in a Committed Loan Notice or if the Parent Borrower fails to give a timely notice requesting a conversion or continuation, then the applicable Tranche of Loans shall be made as, or converted to, Eurocurrency Rate Loans with an Interest Period of 1 month. Any such automatic conversion or continuation pursuant to the immediately preceding sentence shall be effective as of the last day of the Interest Period then in effect with respect to the applicable Eurocurrency Rate Loans. If the Parent

 

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Borrower requests a Borrowing of, conversion to, or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans in any such Committed Loan Notice, but fails to specify an Interest Period, it will be deemed to have specified an Interest Period of one month.

(b)     Following receipt of a Committed Loan Notice, the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each applicable Lender of the amount of its ratable share of the applicable Tranche of Loans, and if no timely notice of a conversion or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loan is provided by the Parent Borrower, the Administrative Agent shall notify each Lender of the details of any automatic conversion to Eurocurrency Rate Loans with an Interest Period of one month as described in Section 2.02(a). In the case of a Borrowing, each Appropriate Lender shall make the amount of its Loan available to the Administrative Agent in immediately available funds at the Administrative Agent’s Office not later than 1:00 p.m. (New York City time), on the Business Day specified in the applicable Committed Loan Notice. Each Lender may, at its option, make any Loan available to the Borrowers by causing any foreign or domestic branch or Affiliate of such Lender to make such Loan; provided that any exercise of such option shall not affect the obligation of the Borrowers to repay such Loan in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. Upon satisfaction of the applicable conditions set forth in Section 4.01, the Administrative Agent shall make all funds so received available to the Borrowers in like funds as received by the Administrative Agent either by (i) crediting the account of the Borrowers on the books of the Administrative Agent with the amount of such funds or (ii) wire transfer of such funds, in each case in accordance with instructions provided to (and reasonably acceptable to) the Administrative Agent by the Parent Borrower.

(c)     Except as otherwise provided herein, a Eurocurrency Rate Loan may be continued or converted only on the last day of an Interest Period for such Eurocurrency Rate Loan unless the Borrowers pay the amount due under Section 3.06 in connection therewith. During the existence of an Event of Default, at the election of the Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders, no Loans may be requested as, converted to or continued as Eurocurrency Rate Loans.

(d)     The Administrative Agent shall promptly notify the Parent Borrower and the Lenders of the interest rate applicable to any Interest Period for Eurocurrency Rate Loans upon determination of such interest rate. The determination of the Eurocurrency Rate by the Administrative Agent shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error.

(e)     After giving effect to all Borrowings, all conversions of Loans from one Type to the other, and all continuations of Loans of the same Type, there shall not be more than ten Interest Periods in effect.

(f)     The failure of any Lender to make the Loan to be made by it as part of any Borrowing shall not relieve any other Lender of its obligation, if any, hereunder to make its Loan on the date of such Borrowing, but no Lender shall be responsible for the failure of any other Lender to make the Loan to be made by such other Lender on the date of any Borrowing, which for the avoidance of doubt does not limit such Lender’s obligations under Section 2.17.

Section 2.03     [Reserved].

Section 2.04     [Reserved].

Section 2.05     Prepayments.

(a)     Optional. (i) A Borrower may, upon notice by the Parent Borrower substantially in the form of Exhibit L-1 to the Administrative Agent, at any time or from time to time voluntarily prepay Loans in whole or in part without premium or penalty except as set forth in Section 2.05(a)(iii) below; provided that (1) such notice must be received by the Administrative Agent not later than 2:00 p.m. (New York City time) (A) three Business Days prior to any date of prepayment of Eurocurrency Rate Loan and (B) on the date of prepayment of Base Rate Loans (or such shorter period as the Administrative Agent shall agree); (2) any prepayment of Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be (x) in a principal amount of $2,000,000, or (y) a whole multiple of $1,000,000 in excess thereof; and (3) any prepayment of Base Rate Loans shall be (x) in a principal amount of $500,000, or (y) a whole multiple of $500,000 in excess thereof or, in each case, if less, the entire principal amount thereof then outstanding. Each such notice

 

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shall specify the date, amount and currency of such prepayment, the Tranche of Loans to be prepaid, the Type(s) of Loans to be prepaid and, if Eurocurrency Rate Loans are to be prepaid, the Interest Period(s) of such Loans (except that if the class of Loans to be prepaid includes both Base Rate Loans and Eurocurrency Rate Loans, absent direction by the Parent Borrower, the applicable prepayment shall be applied first to Base Rate Loans to the full extent thereof before application to Eurocurrency Rate Loans, in each case in a manner that minimizes the amount payable by the applicable Borrower in respect of such prepayment pursuant to Section 3.06). The Administrative Agent will promptly notify each Lender of its receipt of each such notice, and of the amount of such Lender’s ratable portion of such prepayment (based on such Lender’s ratable share of the relevant Facility). If such notice is given by the Parent Borrower, subject to clause (ii) below, the applicable Borrower shall make such prepayment and the payment amount specified in such notice shall be due and payable on the date specified therein. Any prepayment of a Eurocurrency Rate Loan shall be accompanied by all accrued interest thereon, together with any additional amounts required pursuant to Section 2.05(a)(iii) and Section 3.06. Subject to Section 2.17, each prepayment of outstanding Tranches pursuant to this Section 2.05(a) shall be applied to the Tranche or Tranches designated on such notice on a pro rata basis within such Tranche. Subject to Section 2.17, each prepayment of an outstanding Tranche pursuant to this Section 2.05(a) shall be applied to the remaining amortization payments of such Tranche as directed by the Parent Borrower (or, if the Parent Borrower has not made such designation, in direct order of maturity), but, in any event, on a pro rata basis to the Lenders within such Tranche.

(ii)     Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, any notice of prepayment under Section 2.05(a)(i) may state that it is conditioned upon the occurrence or non-occurrence of any event specified therein (including the effectiveness of other credit facilities), in which case such notice may be revoked by the Parent Borrower (by written notice to the Administrative Agent on or prior to the specified effective date) if such condition is not satisfied.

(iii)     Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, if the Borrowers (A) make a voluntary prepayment of any Initial Loans pursuant to Section 2.05(a) or (B) make a repayment of any Initial Loans pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(iii), the Borrowers shall pay to the Administrative Agent, for the ratable account of the applicable Lenders with respect to clauses (A) and (B), (x) if such payment or prepayment is made on or prior to the first anniversary of the Closing Date, a prepayment premium in an amount equal to 2.00% of the principal amount of Loans prepaid or repaid or (y) if such prepayment or repayment is made on or prior to the second anniversary of the Closing Date but after the first anniversary of the Closing Date, a prepayment premium in an amount equal to 1.00% of the principal amount of Loans prepaid or repaid (the “Prepayment Premium”); provided no Prepayment Premium will be required after the second anniversary of the Closing Date.

(b)     Mandatory. (i) For any Excess Cash Flow Period, within ten Business Days after financial statements have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) and the related Compliance Certificate has been delivered pursuant to Section 6.02(b) (or, if later, the date on which such financial statements and such Compliance Certificate are required to be delivered), the Parent Borrower shall prepay an aggregate principal amount of Term Loans in an amount equal to (A) 50% (as may be adjusted pursuant to the proviso below) of Excess Cash Flow for such Excess Cash Flow Period, minus (B) the sum of (1) the aggregate amount of voluntary principal prepayments of the Loans and “Loans” as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement, in each case, made during the period commencing on the first day of the relevant Excess Cash Flow Period and ending on the date immediately prior to the date on which the relevant Excess Cash Flow prepayment is or would be required to be made (excluding prepayments at a discount to par and open market purchases) (except prepayments of Loans (as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement) under any Revolving Tranche (as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement) that are not accompanied by a corresponding permanent commitment reduction of the Revolving Tranches (as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement)), in each case other than to the extent that any such prepayment is funded with the proceeds of Specified Refinancing Debt, Refinancing Notes or any other long-term Indebtedness and (2) any amount not required to be applied to such prepayment pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(viii) or (ix); provided that such percentage in respect of any Excess Cash Flow Period shall be reduced to 25% or 0% if the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio as of the last day of the fiscal year to which such Excess Cash Flow Period relates was equal to or less than 4.00:1.00 or 3.50:1.00, respectively; provided, further, that no prepayment shall be required with respect to any Excess Cash Flow Period to the extent Excess Cash Flow for such period is equal to or less than $1,000,000 (and for such period such prepayment shall be limited to the amount in excess of $1,000,000); provided, further, that, if the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio on a Pro Forma Basis after giving effect to any Excess Cash Flow prepayment would result in the percentage in respect of the applicable Excess Cash Flow Period being reduced

 

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to 25% or 0%, then such reduced percentage applicable to the Excess Cash Flow prepayment required to be made shall apply; provided, further, that no such prepayment shall be required for any Excess Cash Flow Period (x) if any First Lien Facilities remain outstanding at the time the financial statements and related Compliance Certificate for such Excess Cash Flow Period are required to be delivered pursuant to this Section 2.05(b)(i) or (y) unless with the proceeds of mandatory prepayments pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(i) of the First Lien Credit Agreement declined by the Lenders thereunder.

(ii)     If any Asset Sale or Casualty Event (or series of related Asset Sales or Casualty Events) results in the receipt by any Borrower or any Subsidiary of aggregate Net Cash Proceeds in excess of $2,500,000 (“Relevant Transaction”), then, except to the extent the Parent Borrower elects in a written notice to reinvest all or a portion of such Net Cash Proceeds in accordance with Section 7.04, the Borrowers shall prepay, subject to Section 2.05(b)(viii), an aggregate principal amount of Loans in an amount equal to 100% (as may be adjusted pursuant to the second proviso below) of the Net Cash Proceeds received from such Relevant Transaction within 15 Business Days of receipt thereof (or within 15 Business Days after the later of the date the threshold referred to above is first exceeded and the date the relevant Net Cash Proceeds are received) by such Borrower or such Subsidiary; provided that such Borrower may use a portion of the Net Cash Proceeds received from such Relevant Transaction to prepay or repurchase any other Indebtedness (and, in the case of revolving indebtedness, permanently reduce related commitments) that is secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with Liens securing the Obligations to the extent such other Indebtedness and the Liens securing the same are permitted hereunder and the documentation governing such other Indebtedness requires such a prepayment or repurchase thereof with the proceeds of such Relevant Transaction, to the extent not deducted in the calculation of Net Cash Proceeds, in each case in an amount not to exceed the product of (1) the amount of such Net Cash Proceeds and (2) a fraction, the numerator of which is the outstanding principal amount of such other Indebtedness (or to the extent such amount is not in Dollars, such equivalent amount of such Indebtedness converted into Dollars as determined in accordance with Section 1.08) and the denominator of which is the aggregate outstanding principal amount of Loans and such other Indebtedness (or to the extent such amount is not in Dollars, such equivalent amount of such Indebtedness converted into Dollars as determined in accordance with Article I); provided, further, that, so long as no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or would result therefrom, such prepayment percentage shall be reduced from 100% to 50% or 0% if, on a Pro Forma Basis after giving effect to such Asset Sale or Casualty Event, as the case may be, and the use of proceeds therefrom, the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio would be equal to or less than 5.175:1.00 or 4.60:1.00 (such amounts not required to be prepaid as a result of such prepayment percentage reduction, the “Retained Asset Sale Proceeds”), respectively; provided, further, that only the amount of Net Cash Proceeds in excess of $2,500,000 in any fiscal year shall be subject to prepayment pursuant to this Section 2.05(b)(ii); provided further, that until the Discharge of First Lien Credit Agreement Obligations, no mandatory prepayments of Loans shall be required under this Section 2.05(b)(ii), pursuant to the terms hereof and Section 7.04, except to the extent of mandatory prepayments pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(ii) of the First Lien Credit Agreement declined by the lenders thereunder.

(iii)     Upon the incurrence or issuance by any Borrower or any Subsidiary of (A) any Refinancing Notes, (B) any Specified Refinancing Loans or (C) any Indebtedness not expressly permitted to be incurred or issued pursuant to Section 7.01, the Borrowers shall prepay an aggregate principal amount of Tranches in an amount equal to 100% of all Net Cash Proceeds received therefrom immediately upon receipt thereof by such Borrower or such Subsidiary; provided, that until (x) the Discharge of First Lien Credit Agreement Obligations and (y) the discharge of any indebtedness secured on a pari passu basis with the First Lien Credit Agreement Obligations (an “Other First Lien Loan Facility”) in the form of loans requiring such mandatory prepayments, no mandatory prepayments of Loans shall be required under clause (C) of this Section 2.05(b)(iii), except to the extent of mandatory prepayments pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(iii) of the First Lien Credit Agreement (or a similar provision under any Other First Lien Loan Facility) declined by the lenders thereunder.

(iv)     [Reserved].

(v)     [Reserved].

(vi)     Subject to Section 2.17, each prepayment of Loans pursuant to this Section 2.05(b) shall be applied to each Tranche on a pro rata basis (or, if agreed to in writing by the Majority Lenders of a Tranche, in a manner that provides for more favorable prepayment treatment of other Tranches, so long as each other such

 

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Tranche receives its Pro Rata Share of any amount to be applied more favorably, except to the extent otherwise agreed by the Majority Lenders of each Tranche receiving less than such Pro Rata Share) (other than a prepayment of (x) Loans with the proceeds of Indebtedness incurred pursuant to Section 2.18, which shall be applied to the Tranche being refinanced pursuant thereto or (y) Loans with the proceeds of any Refinancing Notes issued to the extent permitted under Section 7.01(a), which shall be applied to the Tranche being refinanced pursuant thereto). Amounts to be applied to a Term Loan Tranche in connection with prepayments made pursuant to this Section 2.05(b) shall be applied to the remaining scheduled installments with respect to such Term Loan Tranche in direct order of maturity. Each prepayment of Loans under a Facility pursuant to this Section 2.05(b) shall be applied on a pro rata basis to the then outstanding Base Rate Loans and Eurocurrency Rate Loans under such Facility; provided that, if there are no Declining Lenders with respect to such prepayment, then the amount thereof shall be applied first to Base Rate Loans under such Facility to the full extent thereof before application to Eurocurrency Rate Loans, in each case in a manner that minimizes the amount payable by the Borrowers in respect of such prepayment pursuant to Section 3.06.

(vii)     All prepayments under this Section 2.05 shall be made together with, in the case of any such prepayment of a Eurocurrency Rate Loan on a date other than the last day of an Interest Period therefor, any amounts owing in respect of such Eurocurrency Rate Loan pursuant to Section 3.06 and, to the extent applicable, any additional amounts required pursuant to Section 2.05(a)(iii). Notwithstanding any of the other provisions of this Section 2.05(b), so long as no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, if any prepayment of Eurocurrency Rate Loans is required to be made under this Section 2.05(b), other than on the last day of the Interest Period therefor, the Borrowers may, in its sole discretion, deposit the amount of any such prepayment otherwise required to be made thereunder into a cash collateral account until the last day of such Interest Period, at which time the Administrative Agent shall be authorized (without any further action by or notice to or from the Borrowers or any other Loan Party) to apply such amount to the prepayment of such Loans in accordance with this Section 2.05(b) (it being agreed, for clarity, that interest shall continue to accrue on the Loans so prepaid until the amount so deposited is actually applied to prepay such Loans). Upon the occurrence and during the continuance of any Event of Default, the Administrative Agent shall also be authorized (without any further action by or notice to or from the Borrowers or any other Loan Party) to apply such amount to the prepayment of the outstanding Loans in accordance with this Section 2.05(b).

(viii)     Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Section 2.05, to the extent that any or all of the Net Cash Proceeds of any Asset Sale by a Foreign Subsidiary (or a Domestic Subsidiary of a Foreign Subsidiary) (a “Foreign Disposition”) or the Net Cash Proceeds of any Casualty Event from a Foreign Subsidiary (or a Domestic Subsidiary of a Foreign Subsidiary) (a “Foreign Casualty Event”), in each case giving rise to a prepayment event pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(ii), or Excess Cash Flow giving rise to a prepayment event pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(i) are or is prohibited, restricted or delayed by applicable local law, rule or regulation (including, without limitation, financial assistance and corporate benefit restrictions and fiduciary and statutory duties of any director or officer of such Subsidiaries) from being repatriated to the Parent Borrower or so prepaid or such repatriation or prepayment would present a material risk of liability for the applicable Subsidiary or its directors or officers (or gives rise to a material risk of breach of fiduciary or statutory duties by any director or officer), the portion of such Net Cash Proceeds or Excess Cash Flow so affected will not be required to be applied to repay Loans at the times provided in this Section 2.05 but may be retained by the applicable Foreign Subsidiary.

(ix)     Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Section 2.05, to the extent that the Parent Borrower has determined in good faith that repatriation of any or all of the Net Cash Proceeds of any Foreign Disposition or any Foreign Casualty Event, in each case giving rise to a prepayment event pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(ii), or Excess Cash Flow giving rise to a prepayment event pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(i) would have a material adverse tax cost consequence on the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary or their Affiliates (taking into account any foreign tax credit or benefit actually realized in connection with such repatriation) with respect to such Net Cash Proceeds or Excess Cash Flow, the Net Cash Proceeds or Excess Cash Flow so affected may be retained by the applicable Foreign Subsidiary.

(c)     Lender Opt-Out. With respect to any prepayment of Initial Loans and, unless otherwise specified in the documents therefor, other Term Tranches pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(ii) or (iii), any Appropriate Lender, at its option (but solely to the extent the Parent Borrower elects for this clause (c) to be applicable to a given prepayment), other than in connection with any Refinancing Notes or any Specified Refinancing Loans, may elect

 

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not to accept such prepayment as provided below. The Parent Borrower may notify the Administrative Agent of any event giving rise to a prepayment under Section 2.05(b)(ii) or (iii) at least ten Business Days prior to the date of such prepayment. Each such notice shall specify the date of such prepayment and provide a reasonably detailed calculation of the amount of such prepayment that is required to be made under Section 2.05(b)(ii) or (iii) (the “Prepayment Amount”). The Administrative Agent will promptly notify each Appropriate Lender of the contents of any such prepayment notice so received from the Parent Borrower, including the date on which such prepayment is to be made (the “Prepayment Date”). Any Appropriate Lender may (but solely to the extent the Parent Borrower elects for this clause (c) to be applicable to a given prepayment) decline to accept all (but not less than all) of its share of any such prepayment (any such Lender, a “Declining Lender”) by providing written notice to the Administrative Agent no later than five Business Days after the date of such Appropriate Lender’s receipt of notice from the Administrative Agent regarding such prepayment. If any Appropriate Lender does not give a notice to the Administrative Agent on or prior to such fifth Business Day informing the Administrative Agent that it declines to accept the applicable prepayment, then such Lender will be deemed to have accepted such prepayment. On any Prepayment Date, an amount equal to the Prepayment Amount minus the portion thereof allocable to Declining Lenders, in each case for such Prepayment Date, shall be paid to the Administrative Agent by the Parent Borrower and applied by the Administrative Agent ratably to prepay Loans under the Tranches owing to Appropriate Lenders (other than Declining Lenders) in the manner described in Section 2.05(b) for such prepayment. Any amounts that would otherwise have been applied to prepay Loans owing to Declining Lenders shall be retained by the Borrowers, unless contrary to the terms of First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement (such amounts, “Declined Amounts”).

(d)    All Loans shall be repaid, whether pursuant to this Section 2.05 or otherwise, in the currency in which they were made.

Section 2.06     Termination or Reduction of Commitments. The Aggregate Commitments under Tranche shall be automatically and permanently reduced to zero on the date of the initial incurrence of Loans under such Tranche, which in the case of the Initial Commitments shall be the Closing Date.

Section 2.07     Repayment of Loans.

(a)     Initial Loans. The Borrowers shall repay to the Administrative Agent for the ratable account of the Lenders holding Initial Loans on the Maturity Date, the aggregate principal amount of all Initial Loans outstanding on such date.

(b)    [Reserved].

(c)     All Loans shall be repaid, whether pursuant to this Section 2.07 or otherwise, in the currency in which they were made.

Section 2.08     Interest.

(a)     Subject to the provisions of the following sentence, (i) each Eurocurrency Rate Loan under a Facility shall bear interest on the outstanding principal amount thereof for each Interest Period at a rate per annum equal to the sum of (A) the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate for such Interest Period plus (B) the Applicable Rate for Eurocurrency Rate Loans under such Facility; and (ii) each Base Rate Loan under a Facility shall bear interest on the outstanding principal amount thereof from the applicable borrowing date or conversion date, as the case may be, at a rate per annum equal to the sum of (A) the Base Rate plus (B) the Applicable Rate for Base Rate Loans under such Facility. The Borrowers shall pay interest on all overdue Obligations hereunder, which shall include all Obligations following an acceleration pursuant to Section 8.02 (including an automatic acceleration) at a fluctuating interest rate per annum at all times equal to the Default Rate to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws. Accrued and unpaid interest on past due amounts (including interest on past due interest) shall be due and payable upon demand.

(b)     Accrued interest on each Loan shall be due and payable in arrears on each Interest Payment Date applicable thereto and at such other times as may be specified herein; provided that in the event of any repayment or prepayment of any Loan, accrued interest on the principal amount repaid or prepaid shall be payable on the date of

 

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such repayment or prepayment. Interest hereunder shall be due and payable in accordance with the terms hereof before and after judgment, and before and after the commencement of any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law.

(c)    Interest on each Loan shall be payable in the currency in which each Loan was made.

(d)    All computations of interest hereunder shall be made in accordance with Section 2.10 of this Agreement.

Section 2.09     Fees. The Borrowers shall pay to the Lenders, the Arrangers and the Administrative Agent such fees as shall have been separately agreed upon in writing in the amounts and at the times so specified.

Section 2.10     Computation of Interest and Fees. All computations of interest for Base Rate Loans shall be made on the basis of a year of 365 or 366 days, as the case may be, and actual days elapsed. All other computations of fees and interest shall be made on the basis of a 360-day year and actual days elapsed (which results in more fees or interest, as applicable, being paid than if computed on the basis of a 365-day year). Interest shall accrue on each Loan for the day on which the Loan is made, and shall not accrue on a Loan, or any portion thereof, for the day on which the Loan or such portion is paid; provided that any Loan that is repaid on the same day on which it is made shall, subject to Section 2.12(a), bear interest for one day. Each determination by the Administrative Agent of an interest rate or fee hereunder shall be conclusive and binding for all purposes, absent manifest error.

Section 2.11     Evidence of Indebtedness.

(a)     The Credit Extensions made by each Lender shall be evidenced by one or more accounts or records maintained by such Lender and evidenced by one or more entries in the Register maintained by the Administrative Agent, acting solely for purposes of Treasury Regulations Section 5f.103-1(c), as a non-fiduciary agent for the Borrowers, in each case in the ordinary course of business. The accounts or records maintained by the Administrative Agent and each Lender shall be prima facie evidence absent manifest error of the amount of the Credit Extensions made by the Lenders to the Borrowers and the interest and payments thereon. Any failure to so record or any error in doing so shall not, however, limit the obligation of the Borrowers hereunder to pay any amount owing with respect to the Obligations. In the event of any conflict between the accounts and records maintained by any Lender and the accounts and records of the Administrative Agent in respect of such matters, the accounts and records of the Administrative Agent shall control in the absence of manifest error. Upon the written request of any Lender made through the Administrative Agent, the Borrowers shall execute and deliver to such Lender (through the Administrative Agent) a Note payable to such Lender, which shall evidence such Lender’s Loans in addition to such accounts or records. Each Lender may attach schedules to its Note and endorse thereon the date, Type (if applicable), amount and maturity of its Loans and payments with respect thereto.

(b)    [Reserved].

(c)     Entries made in good faith by the Administrative Agent in the Register pursuant to Section 2.11(a), and by each Lender in its accounts or records pursuant to Section 2.11(a), shall be prima facie evidence of the amount of principal and interest due and payable or to become due and payable from the Borrowers to, in the case of the Register, each Lender and, in the case of such accounts or records, such Lender, under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, absent manifest error; provided that the failure of the Administrative Agent or such Lender to make an entry, or any finding that an entry is incorrect, in the Register or such accounts or records shall not limit the obligations of the Borrowers under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.

Section 2.12     Payments Generally; Administrative Agent’s Clawback.

(a)     General. All payments to be made by the Borrowers shall be made without condition or deduction for any counterclaim, defense, recoupment or setoff. Except as otherwise expressly provided herein, all payments by the Borrowers hereunder shall be made to the Administrative Agent, for the account of the respective Lenders to which such payment is owed, at the Administrative Agent’s Office in Dollars and in immediately available funds not later than 3:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the date specified herein. The Administrative Agent will promptly

 

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distribute to each Lender its ratable share in respect of the relevant Facility or Tranche thereof (or other applicable share as provided herein) of such payment in like funds as received by wire transfer to such Lender’s Lending Office. All payments received by the Administrative Agent after 3:00 p.m. (New York City time) shall, at the option of the Administrative Agent, be deemed received on the next succeeding Business Day and any applicable interest or fee shall continue to accrue. If any payment to be made by the Borrowers shall come due on a day other than a Business Day, payment shall be made on the next following Business Day, and such extension of time shall be reflected in computing interest or fees, as the case may be; provided, however, that, if such extension would cause payment of interest on or principal of Eurocurrency Rate Loans to be made in the next succeeding calendar month, such payment shall be made on the immediately preceding Business Day.

(b)     (i) Funding by Lenders; Presumption by Administrative Agent. Unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from a Lender prior to the proposed date of any Borrowing of Eurocurrency Rate Loans (or, in the case of any Borrowing of Base Rate Loans, prior to 1:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the date of such Borrowing) that such Lender will not make available to the Administrative Agent such Lender’s share of such Borrowing, the Administrative Agent may assume that such Lender has made such share available on such date in accordance with and at the time required by Section 2.02(b) and may, in reliance upon such assumption, make available to the Borrowers a corresponding amount. In such event, if any Lender does not in fact make its share of the applicable Borrowing available to the Administrative Agent, then such Lender and the Borrowers severally agree to pay to the Administrative Agent forthwith on demand an amount equal to such applicable share in immediately available funds with interest thereon, for each day from and including the date such amount is made available to the Borrowers by the Administrative Agent to but excluding the date of payment to the Administrative Agent, at (A) in the case of a payment to be made by such Lender, the greater of the NYFRB Rate and a rate reasonably determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation, plus any reasonable administrative, processing or similar fees customarily charged by the Administrative Agent in connection with the foregoing and (B) in the case of a payment to be made by the Borrowers, the interest rate applicable to Base Rate Loans under the applicable Facility. If both the Borrowers and such Lender pay such interest to the Administrative Agent for the same or an overlapping period, the Administrative Agent shall promptly remit to the Borrowers the amount of such interest paid by the Borrowers for such period. If such Lender pays its share of the applicable Borrowing to the Administrative Agent, then the amount so paid (less interest and fees) shall constitute such Lender’s Loan included in such Borrowing. Any payment by the Borrowers shall be without prejudice to any claim the Borrowers may have against a Lender that shall have failed to make its share of any Borrowing available to the Administrative Agent.

(ii)     Payments by the Borrowers; Presumptions by Administrative Agent. Unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from the Parent Borrower prior to the date on which any payment is due to the Administrative Agent for the account of the Lenders hereunder that the Borrowers will not make such payment, the Administrative Agent may assume that the Borrowers have made such payment on such date in accordance herewith and may, in reliance upon such assumption, distribute to the Appropriate Lenders the amount due. In such event, if the Borrowers do not in fact make such payment, then each of the Appropriate Lenders severally agrees to repay to the Administrative Agent forthwith on demand the amount so distributed to such Lender, in immediately available funds with interest thereon, for each day from and including the date such amount is distributed by the Administrative Agent to but excluding the date of payment to the Administrative Agent, at the greater of the NYFRB Rate and a rate reasonably determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation, plus any reasonable administrative, processing or similar fees customarily charged by the Administrative Agent in connection with the foregoing.

A notice of the Administrative Agent to any Lender or the Parent Borrower with respect to any amount owing under this Section 2.12(b) shall be conclusive, absent manifest error.

(c)     Failure to Satisfy Conditions Precedent. If any Lender makes available to the Administrative Agent funds for any Loan to be made by such Lender as provided in the foregoing provisions of this Article II, and such funds are not made available to the Borrowers by the Administrative Agent because the conditions to the applicable Credit Extension set forth in Article IV are not satisfied or waived in accordance with the terms hereof, the Administrative Agent shall return such funds (in like funds as received from such Lender) to such Lender on demand, without interest.

 

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(d)     Obligations of the Lenders Several. The obligations of the Lenders hereunder to make Loans and to make payments pursuant to Section 9.07 are several and not joint. The failure of any Lender to make any Loan or to make any payment under Section 9.07 on any date required hereunder shall not relieve any other Lender of its corresponding obligation to do so on such date, and no Lender shall be responsible for the failure of any other Lender to so make its Loan or to make its payment under Section 9.07.

(e)     Funding Source. Nothing herein shall be deemed to obligate any Lender to obtain the funds for any Loan in any particular place or manner or to constitute a representation by any Lender that it has obtained or will obtain the funds for any Loan in any particular place or manner.

(f)     Insufficient Funds. If at any time insufficient funds are received by and available to the Administrative Agent to pay fully all amounts of principal, interest and fees then due hereunder, such funds shall be applied (i) first, toward payment of interest and fees then due hereunder, ratably among the parties entitled thereto in accordance with the amounts of interest and fees then due to such parties, and (ii) second, toward payment of principal then due hereunder, ratably among the parties entitled thereto in accordance with the amounts of principal then due to such parties.

(g)     Unallocated Funds. If the Administrative Agent receives funds for application to the Obligations of the Loan Parties under or in respect of the Loan Documents under circumstances for which the Loan Documents do not specify the manner in which such funds are to be applied, the Administrative Agent may, but shall not be obligated to, elect to distribute such funds to each of the Lenders in accordance with such Lender’s ratable share of the sum of the Outstanding Amount of all Loans or other Obligations outstanding at such time, in repayment or prepayment of such of the outstanding Loans or other Obligations then owing to such Lender.

Section 2.13     Sharing of Payments. If, other than as expressly provided elsewhere herein (including the application of funds arising from the existence of a Defaulting Lender), any Lender shall obtain on account of the Loans made by it, any payment (whether voluntary, involuntary, through the exercise of any right of setoff, or otherwise) in excess of its ratable share (or other share contemplated hereunder) thereof, such Lender shall immediately (a) notify the Administrative Agent of such fact and (b) purchase from the other Lenders such participations in the Loans made by them as shall be necessary to cause such purchasing Lender to share the excess payment in respect of such Loans, pro rata with each of them; provided, however, that if all or any portion of such excess payment is thereafter recovered from the purchasing Lender under any of the circumstances described in Section 10.06 (including pursuant to any settlement entered into by the purchasing Lender in its discretion), such purchase shall to that extent be rescinded and each other Lender shall repay to the purchasing Lender the purchase price paid therefor, together with an amount equal to such paying Lender’s ratable share (according to the proportion of (i) the amount of such paying Lender’s required repayment to (ii) the total amount so recovered from the purchasing Lender) of any interest or other amount paid or payable by the purchasing Lender in respect of the total amount so recovered, without further interest thereon. The Borrowers agree that any Lender so purchasing a participation from another Lender may, to the fullest extent permitted by Law, exercise all its rights of payment (including the right of setoff, but subject to Section 10.09) with respect to such participation as fully as if such Lender were the direct creditor of the Borrowers in the amount of such participation. The Administrative Agent will keep records (which shall be conclusive and binding in the absence of manifest error) of participations purchased under this Section 2.13 and will in each case notify the Lenders following any such purchases or repayments. Each Lender that purchases a participation pursuant to this Section 2.13 shall from and after such purchase have the right to give all notices, requests, demands, directions and other communications under this Agreement with respect to the portion of the Obligations purchased to the same extent as though the purchasing Lender were the original owner of the Obligations purchased. For the avoidance of doubt, the provisions of this Section shall not be construed to apply to (A) the assignments and participations (including by means of a Dutch Auction and open market debt repurchases) described in Section 10.07, (B) (i) the incurrence of any New Loans in accordance with Section 2.14, or (ii) any Specified Refinancing Debt in accordance with Section 2.18, (C) any loan modification offer described in Section 10.01, or (D) any applicable circumstances contemplated by Sections 2.05(b), 2.14, 2.17 or 3.08.

Section 2.14     Incremental Facilities.

(a)    The Borrowers may, from time to time after the Closing Date, upon notice by the Parent Borrower to the Administrative Agent specifying the proposed amount thereof and the proposed currency denomination

 

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thereof, request (i) an increase in any Tranche then outstanding (which shall be on the same terms as, and become part of, the Tranche proposed to be increased hereunder) (each, a “Commitment Increase”) and (ii) the addition of one or more new term loan facilities, in each case, in such currency or currencies as the Parent Borrower identifies in such notice (each, a “New Facility”; and any advance made by a Lender thereunder, a “New Loan”; and the commitments thereof, the “New Commitment”) in an amount not to exceed the sum of (x) $25,000,000 minus the amount incurred prior to the date of incurrence thereof under the First Lien Cash-Capped Incremental Amount (the “Cash-Capped Incremental Facility”) and (y) an unlimited amount (the “Ratio-Based Incremental Facility”) so long as the Maximum Leverage Requirement is satisfied (such sum, at any such time, the “Incremental Amount”); provided that any such request for an increase shall be in a minimum amount of the lesser of (x) $3,500,000, and (y) the entire amount of any increase that may be requested under this Section 2.14; provided, further, that for purposes of any Commitment established pursuant to this Section 2.14 and New Incremental Notes issued pursuant to Section 2.15:

(A) the Borrowers shall be deemed to have used the Ratio-Based Incremental Facility (to the extent compliant therewith) prior to utilization of the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility,

(B) New Commitments pursuant to this Section 2.14 and New Incremental Notes pursuant to Section 2.15 may be incurred under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facility (to the extent compliant therewith) and the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility, and proceeds from any such incurrence may be utilized in a single transaction by first calculating the incurrence under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facility (without inclusion of any amounts substantially concurrently utilized pursuant to the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility) and then calculating the incurrence under the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility, and

(C) solely for the purpose of calculating the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio or the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio to determine the availability under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facility at the time of incurrence, any cash proceeds incurred pursuant to this Section 2.14 and/or New Incremental Notes being incurred at such test date in calculating such Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio or Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio shall be excluded.

The Borrowers may designate any Person (such Person, the “Incremental Arranger”) with such titles under the New Commitments as Borrowers may deem appropriate.

(b)     Any Lender approached to participate in any New Commitment may elect or decline, in its sole discretion, to participate in such increase or new facility. The Borrowers may also invite additional Eligible Assignees with the consent of the Administrative Agent to become Lenders pursuant to a joinder agreement to this Agreement.

(c)     If (i) a Tranche is increased in accordance with this Section 2.14 or (ii) a New Facility is added in accordance with this Section 2.14, the Borrowers shall determine the effective date (the “Increase Effective Date”) and the final allocation of such increase, New Facility among the applicable Lenders. In connection with (i) any increase in a Tranche or (ii) any addition of a New Facility, in each case, pursuant to this Section 2.14, this Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall be amended in a writing (which shall be executed and delivered by the Borrowers and the Administrative Agent (and the Lenders hereby authorize the Administrative Agent to execute and deliver any such documentation)) in order to establish the New Facility or to effectuate the increases to the Tranche and to reflect any technical changes necessary or appropriate to give effect to such increase or new facility in accordance with its terms as set forth herein.

(d)     With respect to any Commitment Increase or addition of a New Facility pursuant to this Section 2.14, (i) no Event of Default (subject to Section 1.02(i) in connection with any acquisition or investment) would exist after giving effect to such increase; (ii) (A) in the case of any increase of a Tranche, the final maturity of the Loans, New Commitments or Specified Refinancing Loans increased pursuant to this Section shall be no earlier than the Latest Maturity Date for, and such additional Loans shall not have a Weighted Average Life to Maturity shorter than the longest remaining Weighted Average Life to Maturity of, any other outstanding Loans, New Loans or Specified Refinancing Loans, as applicable; provided that Extendable Bridge Loans may have a maturity date earlier than the Latest Maturity Date of all then outstanding Loans and (B) in the case of any New Facility, (1) other than in the case of Extendable Bridge Loans, such New Facility shall have a final maturity no earlier than the then Latest

 

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Maturity Date of any Tranche and (2) the Weighted Average Life to Maturity of such New Facility shall be no shorter than that of any existing Tranche; (iii) except with respect to All-in Yield and as set forth in subclause (D) above with respect to final maturity and Weighted Average Life to Maturity, any such New Facility shall have terms reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent; provided, that (x) to the extent such terms are more favorable to the existing Lenders than comparable terms existing in the Loan Documents, such terms shall be, as determined by the Parent Borrower in consultation with the Administrative Agent, incorporated into this Agreement (or any other applicable Loan Document) for the benefit of all existing Lenders (to the extent applicable to such Lender) without further amendment requirements, including, for the avoidance of doubt, at the option of the Parent Borrower, any increase in the Applicable Rate relating to any existing Facility to bring such Applicable Rate in line with the New Facility to achieve fungibility with such existing Facility and (y) otherwise, may be incorporated if reasonably satisfactory to the Parent Borrower, the Incremental Arranger and the Administrative Agent and (iv) to the extent reasonably requested by the Incremental Arranger, the Incremental Arranger shall have received legal opinions, resolutions, officers’ certificates and/or reaffirmation agreements consistent with those delivered on the Closing Date under Section 4.01 or delivered from time to time pursuant to Section 6.12, Section 6.14 and/or Section 6.16 with respect to Holdings and the Borrowers and each material Subsidiary Guarantor to the extent reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent. Subject to the foregoing, the conditions precedent to each such increase or New Commitment shall be agreed to by the Lenders providing such increase or New Commitment, as applicable, and the Borrowers.

(e)     The additional Loans made under the Tranche subject to the increases shall be made by the applicable Lenders participating therein pursuant to the procedures set forth in Sections 2.01 and 2.02 and on the date of the making of such new Loans, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in Sections 2.01 and 2.02, such new Loans shall be added to (and form part of) each Borrowing of outstanding Loans under such Tranche on a pro rata basis (based on the relative sizes of the various outstanding Borrowings), so that each Lender under such Tranche will participate proportionately in each then outstanding Borrowing of Loans under the Tranche.

(f)     (i) Any New Facility shall not be guaranteed by any Person that is not a Borrower or Guarantor under each of the other Facilities, and be unsecured, secured either on a pari passu basis with the other Facilities or on a “junior” basis to the other Facilities, in each case over the same (or less) Collateral that secures the Facilities (and in the case of any such junior secured New Facility, such New Facility shall be subject to intercreditor arrangements that are reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, (ii) the New Facility shall, for purposes of prepayments, be treated substantially the same as (and in any event no more favorably than) the Facility unless the Borrowers otherwise elect (but in any event no more favorably than the existing Loans), and (iii) with respect to any New Facility that is secured on a pari passu basis with the other Facilities, the All-in Yield payable by the Borrowers applicable to such New Facility shall be determined by the Borrowers and the Lenders providing such New Facility and shall not be more than 50 basis points higher than the corresponding All-in Yield payable by the Borrowers for the Initial Loans, unless the All-in Yield with respect to the Initial Loans is increased to the amount necessary so that the difference between the All-in Yield with respect to such New Facility and the corresponding All-in Yield on the Initial Loans is equal to 50 basis points.

Section 2.15     New Incremental Notes.

(a)     The Borrowers may from time to time after the Closing Date incur one or more series of senior secured, senior unsecured, senior subordinated, subordinated notes or Extendable Bridge Loans (which notes and/or Extendable Bridge Loans, if secured, are secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with the Liens securing the Obligations or on a “junior” basis to the Liens securing the Obligations) and guaranteed only by Loan Parties or entities who become Loan Parties (such notes and/or Extendable Bridge Loans, collectively, “New Incremental Notes”) in an amount not to exceed the Incremental Amount (at the time of issuance); provided that no Event of Default would exist after giving Pro Forma Effect to any such request, subject to Section 1.02(i); provided, further, that any New Commitment established pursuant to Section 2.14 and New Incremental Notes issued pursuant to this Section 2.15, (A) will count, first, to reduce the amount available under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facilities (to the extent compliant therewith) and, second, to reduce the maximum amount under the Cash-Capped Incremental Facilities and (B) New Incremental Notes pursuant to this Section 2.15 may be incurred under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facilities and the Cash-Capped Incremental Facilities, and proceeds from any such incurrence may be utilized in a single transaction, by first calculating the incurrence under the Ratio-Based Incremental Facilities (without inclusion of any amounts utilized pursuant to the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility) and then calculating

 

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the incurrence under the Cash-Capped Incremental Facility. With respect to any New Incremental Notes that are secured on a pari passu basis in right of payment and security with the Initial Loans, the All-in Yield payable by the Borrowers applicable to such New Incremental Notes shall be determined by the Borrowers and the Lenders providing such New Incremental Notes and shall not be more than 50 basis points higher than the corresponding All-in Yield payable by the Borrowers for the Initial Loans, unless the All-in Yield with respect to the Initial Loans is increased to the amount necessary so that the difference between the All-in Yield with respect to such New Incremental Notes and the corresponding All-in Yield on the Initial Loans is equal to 50 basis points. The Parent Borrower may appoint any Person as arranger of such New Incremental Notes (such Person (who may be the Administrative Agent, if it so agreed), the “Incremental Notes Arranger”).

(b)     As a condition precedent to the issuance of any New Incremental Notes pursuant to this Section 2.15, (i) such New Incremental Notes shall not be guaranteed by any Person that is not a Loan Party or that does not become a Loan Party and shall not be secured by a lien on any assets of a Loan Party that is not part of the Collateral, (ii) to the extent secured by the Collateral, such New Incremental Notes shall be subject to intercreditor arrangements that are reasonably satisfactory to the Incremental Notes Arranger and, if such Incremental Notes Arranger is not the Administrative Agent, the Administrative Agent, (iii) such New Incremental Notes shall have a final maturity no earlier than the then Latest Maturity Date, provided, that Extendable Bridge Loans may have a maturity date earlier than the Latest Maturity Date, (iv) the Weighted Average Life to Maturity of such New Incremental Notes shall not (A) be shorter than that of any then-existing Tranche, or (B) to the extent unsecured, be subject to any amortization prior to the final maturity thereof, or be subject to any mandatory redemption or prepayment provisions or rights (except (x) customary assets sale, event of loss or similar event or change of control provisions and customary acceleration rights after an event of default or (y) so-called “AHYDO” payments); provided, that, with respect to Extendable Bridge Loans, the Weighted Average Life to Maturity may be shorter than the longest remaining Weighted Average Life to Maturity of any then outstanding Loans, (v) such New Incremental Notes shall not be subject to any mandatory redemption or prepayment provisions or rights (except to the extent any such mandatory redemption or prepayment is required to be applied pro rata (or greater than pro rata) to the Loans and other Indebtedness that is secured on a pari passu basis with the Obligations) and (vi) the covenants and events of default of such New Incremental Notes are no more restrictive to the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries (taken as a whole) than those contained in this Agreement (it being understood that (x) no New Incremental Notes shall include any financial maintenance covenants (including indirectly by way of a cross-default to this Agreement), but that customary cross-acceleration provisions may be included and (y) any negative covenants with respect to indebtedness, investments, liens or restricted payments shall be incurrence-based) (provided that a certificate of a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower delivered to the Incremental Notes Arranger in good faith at least three Business Days prior to the incurrence of such New Incremental Notes, together with a reasonably detailed description of the material terms and conditions of such New Incremental Notes or drafts of the documentation relating thereto, stating that the Parent Borrower has determined in good faith that such terms and conditions satisfy the requirement set forth in this clause (b), shall be conclusive evidence that such terms and conditions satisfy such requirement unless the Incremental Notes Arranger provides notice to the Parent Borrower of its objection during such three Business Day period (including a reasonable description of the basis upon which it objects)) and, for the avoidance of doubt, New Incremental Notes shall not benefit from any “most favored nation” pricing protection. Subject to the foregoing, the conditions precedent to each such increase shall be agreed to by the Lenders providing such increase and the Borrower.

(c)     The Lenders hereby authorize the Incremental Notes Arranger (and the Lenders hereby authorize the Incremental Notes Arranger) to enter into any Applicable Intercreditor Agreement or amendment thereto in order to establish the Lien priority of any New Incremental Notes on terms consistent with this Section 2.15. If the Incremental Notes Arranger is not the Administrative Agent, the actions authorized to be taken by the Incremental Notes Arranger herein shall be done in consultation with the Administrative Agent and, with respect to applicable documentation (including amendments to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents), any comments to such documentation reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent shall be reflected therein.

Section 2.16     [Reserved].

Section 2.17     Defaulting Lenders.

 

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(a)     Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, if any Lender becomes a Defaulting Lender, then, until such time as that Lender is no longer a Defaulting Lender, to the extent permitted by applicable Law:

(i)     That Defaulting Lender’s right to approve or disapprove any amendment, waiver or consent with respect to this Agreement shall be restricted as set forth in Section 10.01.

(ii)     Any payment of principal, interest, fees or other amounts received by the Administrative Agent for the account of that Defaulting Lender (whether voluntary or mandatory, at maturity, pursuant to Article VIII or otherwise, and including any amounts made available to the Administrative Agent by that Defaulting Lender pursuant to Section 10.09), shall be applied at such time or times as may be determined by the Administrative Agent as follows: first, to the payment of any amounts owing by that Defaulting Lender to the Administrative Agent hereunder; second, as the Parent Borrower may request (so long as no Default or Event of Default exists), to the funding of any Loan in respect of which that Defaulting Lender has failed to fund its portion thereof as required by this Agreement, as determined by the Administrative Agent; third, if so determined by the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower, to be held in a non- interest bearing deposit account and released in order to satisfy obligations of that Defaulting Lender to fund Loans under this Agreement; fourth, to the payment of any amounts owing to the Lenders as a result of any non-appealable judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by any Lender against that Defaulting Lender as a result of that Defaulting Lender’s breach of its obligations under this Agreement; fifth, so long as no Default or Event of Default exists, to the payment of any amounts owing to the Borrowers as a result of any non-appealable judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by the Borrowers against that Defaulting Lender as a result of that Defaulting Lender’s breach of its obligations under this Agreement; and sixth, to that Defaulting Lender or as otherwise directed by a court of competent jurisdiction; provided that if such payment is a payment of the principal amount of any Loans in respect of which that Defaulting Lender has not fully funded its appropriate share, such payment shall be applied solely to pay the Loans of all non-Defaulting Lenders on a pro rata basis prior to being applied to the payment of any Loans of that Defaulting Lender. Any payments, prepayments or other amounts paid or payable to a Defaulting Lender that are applied (or held) to pay amounts owed by a Defaulting Lender pursuant to this Section 2.17(a)(ii) shall be deemed paid to and redirected by that Defaulting Lender, and each Lender irrevocably consents hereto.

(b)     If the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent agree in writing in their sole discretion that a Defaulting Lender should no longer be deemed to be a Defaulting Lender, the Administrative Agent will so notify the parties hereto, whereupon as of the effective date specified in such notice and subject to any conditions set forth therein, that Lender will, to the extent applicable, purchase that portion of outstanding Loans of the other Lenders or take such other actions as the Administrative Agent may reasonably determine to be necessary to cause the Loans to be held on a pro rata basis by the Lenders in accordance with their ratable shares in respect of that Lender, whereupon that Lender will cease to be a Defaulting Lender; provided that no adjustments will be made retroactively with respect to fees accrued or payments made by or on behalf of the Borrowers while that Lender was a Defaulting Lender; and provided, further, that except to the extent otherwise expressly agreed by the affected parties, no change hereunder from Defaulting Lender to Lender will constitute a waiver or release of any claim of any party hereunder arising from that Lender having been a Defaulting Lender.

Section 2.18     Specified Refinancing Debt.

(a)     The Borrowers may, from time to time after the Closing Date, add one or more new term loan facilities to the Facility (“Specified Refinancing Commitment”) pursuant to procedures reasonably specified by any Person appointed by the Parent Borrower, after consultation with the Administrative Agent, as agent under such Specified Refinancing Debt (such Person (who may be the Administrative Agent, if it so agrees), the “Specified Refinancing Agent”) and reasonably acceptable to the Parent Borrower, to refinance all or any portion of any Tranches then outstanding under this Agreement; provided that such Specified Refinancing Debt: (i) will rank pari passu in right of payment as the other Loans and Commitments hereunder; (ii) will not have obligors other than the Loan Parties or entities who shall have become Loan Parties (it being understood that the roles of such obligors as Borrower or guarantors with respect to such obligations may be interchanged); (iii) will be (x) unsecured or (y) secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with the Liens securing the Obligations or on a “junior” basis to the

 

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Liens securing the Obligations (in each case pursuant to Applicable Intercreditor Arrangements); (iv) will have such pricing and optional prepayment terms as may be agreed by the Parent Borrower and the applicable Lenders thereof; (v) will have a maturity date that is not prior to the date that is the scheduled Maturity Date of, and will have a Weighted Average Life to Maturity that is not shorter than the Weighted Average Life to Maturity of, the Loans being refinanced; provided, that Extendable Bridge Loans may have a maturity date earlier than the Latest Maturity Date of all then outstanding Loans and, with respect to Extendable Bridge Loans, the Weighted Average Life to Maturity thereof may be shorter than the then longest remaining Weighted Average Life to Maturity of any then outstanding Loans; (vi) any Specified Refinancing Loans shall share ratably in any prepayments of Loans pursuant to Section 2.05 (or otherwise provide for more favorable prepayment treatment for the then outstanding Tranches than the Specified Refinancing Loans); (vii) [reserved]; (viii) subject to clauses (iv) and (v) above, will have terms and conditions (other than pricing and optional prepayment and redemption terms) that are substantially identical to, or less favorable, when taken as a whole, to the investors providing such Specified Refinancing Debt than, the terms and conditions of the Facility and Loans being refinanced (as reasonably determined by the Parent Borrower in good faith, which determination shall be conclusive evidence that such terms and conditions satisfy such requirement unless the Specified Refinancing Agent provides notice to the Parent Borrower of an objection (including a reasonable description of the basis upon which it objects) within five Business Days after being notified of such determination by the Parent Borrower); and (ix) the Net Cash Proceeds of such Specified Refinancing Debt shall be applied, substantially concurrently with the incurrence thereof, to the pro rata prepayment of outstanding Loans being so refinanced, in each case pursuant to Section 2.05 and 2.06, as applicable, and the payment of fees, expenses and premiums, if any, payable in connection therewith; provided, however, that such Specified Refinancing Debt (x) may provide for any additional or different financial or other covenants or other provisions that are agreed among the Borrowers and the Lenders thereof and applicable only during periods after the then Latest Maturity Date in effect and (y) shall not have a principal or commitment amount (or accreted value) greater than the Loans being refinanced (plus an amount equal to accrued interest, fees, discounts, premiums and expenses). Any Lender approached to provide all or a portion of any Specified Refinancing Debt may elect or decline, in its sole discretion, to provide such Specified Refinancing Debt. To achieve the full amount of a requested issuance of Specified Refinancing Debt, the Borrowers may also invite additional Eligible Assignees to become Lenders in respect of such Specified Refinancing Debt pursuant to a joinder agreement to this Agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Specified Refinancing Agent.

(b)     The effectiveness of any Refinancing Amendment shall be subject to conditions as are mutually agreed with the participating Lenders providing such Specified Refinancing Debt and to the extent reasonably requested by the Specified Refinancing Agent, receipt by the Specified Refinancing Agent of legal opinions, board resolutions, officers’ certificates and/or reaffirmation agreements with respect to the Borrowers and the Guarantors, including any supplements or amendments to the Collateral Documents providing for such Specified Refinancing Debt to be secured thereby, consistent with those delivered on the Closing Date under Section 4.01 or delivered from time to time pursuant to Section 6.12, 6.14 and/or Section 6.16 (other than changes to such legal opinions resulting from a change in Law, change in fact or change to counsel’s form of opinion reasonably satisfactory to the Specified Refinancing Agent). The Lenders hereby authorize the Specified Refinancing Agent to enter into amendments to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents with the Borrowers as may be necessary in order to establish new Tranches of Specified Refinancing Debt and to make such technical amendments as may be necessary or appropriate in the reasonable opinion of the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower in connection with the establishment of such new Tranches, in each case on terms consistent with and/or to effect the provisions of this Section 2.18.

(c)     Each class of Specified Refinancing Debt incurred under this Section 2.18 shall be in an aggregate principal amount that is (x) not less $3,500,000 and (y) an integral multiple of $1,000,000 in excess thereof.

(d)     The Specified Refinancing Agent shall promptly notify each Lender as to the effectiveness of each Refinancing Amendment. Each of the parties hereto hereby agrees that, upon the effectiveness of any Refinancing Amendment, this Agreement shall be deemed amended to the extent (but only to the extent) necessary to reflect the existence and terms of the Specified Refinancing Debt incurred pursuant thereto (including the addition of such Specified Refinancing Debt as a separate “Facility” hereunder and treated in a manner consistent with the Facility being refinanced, including for purposes of prepayments and voting). Any Refinancing Amendment may, without the consent of any Person other than the Borrowers, the Specified Refinancing Agent and the Lenders providing such Specified Refinancing Debt, effect such amendments to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents as may

 

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be necessary or appropriate, in the reasonable opinion of the Specified Refinancing Agent and the Parent Borrower, to effect the provisions of or consistent with this Section 2.18. If the Specified Refinancing Agent is not the Administrative Agent, the actions authorized to be taken by the Specified Refinancing Agent herein shall be done in consultation with the Administrative Agent and, with respect to the preparation of any documentation necessary or appropriate to carry out the provisions of this Section 2.18 (including amendments to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents), any comments to such documentation reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent shall be reflected therein.

Section 2.19     Permitted Debt Exchanges.

(a)     Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, pursuant to one or more offers (each, a “Permitted Debt Exchange Offer”) made from time to time by the Parent Borrower, the Borrowers may from time to time following the Closing Date consummate one or more exchanges of Loans for Permitted Debt Exchange Notes (each such exchange a “Permitted Debt Exchange”), so long as the following conditions are satisfied: (i) no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing at the time the final offering document in respect of a Permitted Debt Exchange Offer is delivered to the relevant Lenders, (ii) the aggregate principal amount (calculated on the face amount thereof) of Loans exchanged shall equal no more than the aggregate principal amount (calculated on the face amount thereof) of Permitted Debt Exchange Notes issued in exchange for such Loans; provided that the aggregate principal amount of the Permitted Debt Exchange Notes may include accrued interest and premium (if any) under the Loans exchanged and underwriting discounts, fees, commissions and expenses in connection with the issuance of such Permitted Debt Exchange Notes, (iii) the aggregate principal amount (calculated on the face amount thereof) of all Loans exchanged by the Borrowers pursuant to any Permitted Debt Exchange shall automatically be cancelled and retired by the Borrowers on the date of the settlement thereof (and, if requested by the Administrative Agent, any applicable exchanging Lender shall execute and deliver to the Administrative Agent an Assignment and Assumption, or such other form as may be reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent, in respect thereof pursuant to which the respective Lender assigns its interest in the Loans being exchanged pursuant to the Permitted Debt Exchange to the Borrowers for immediate cancellation), (iv) if the aggregate principal amount of all Loans (calculated on the face amount thereof) tendered by Lenders in respect of the relevant Permitted Debt Exchange Offer (with no Lender being permitted to tender a principal amount of Loans which exceeds the principal amount thereof actually held by it) shall exceed the maximum aggregate principal amount of such Loans offered to be exchanged by the Borrowers pursuant to such Permitted Debt Exchange Offer, then the Borrowers shall exchange Loans subject to such Permitted Debt Exchange Offer tendered by such Lenders ratably up to such maximum amount based on the respective principal amounts so tendered, (v) all documentation in respect of such Permitted Debt Exchange shall be consistent with the foregoing, and all written communications generally directed to the Lenders in connection therewith shall be in form and substance consistent with the foregoing and made in consultation with the Parent Borrower and the Exchange Agent and (vi) any applicable Minimum Tender Condition (as defined below) shall be satisfied.

(b)     With respect to all Permitted Debt Exchanges effected by the Borrowers pursuant to this Section 2.19, (i) such Permitted Debt Exchanges (and the cancellation of the exchanged Loans in connection therewith) shall not constitute voluntary or mandatory payments or prepayments for purposes of Section 2.05(a) or (b), and (ii) such Permitted Debt Exchange Offer shall be made for not less than $3,500,000 in aggregate principal amount of Loans; provided that subject to the foregoing clause (ii) the Parent Borrower may at its election specify as a condition (a “Minimum Tender Condition”) to consummating any such Permitted Debt Exchange that a minimum amount (to be determined and specified in the relevant Permitted Debt Exchange Offer in the Parent Borrower’s discretion) of Loans of any or all applicable classes be tendered.

(c)     In connection with each Permitted Debt Exchange, the Parent Borrower and the Exchange Agent shall mutually agree to such procedures as may be necessary or advisable to accomplish the purposes of this Section 2.19 and without conflict with Section 2.19(d); provided that the terms of any Permitted Debt Exchange Offer shall provide that the date by which the relevant Lenders are required to indicate their election to participate in such Permitted Debt Exchange shall be not less than a reasonable period (in the discretion of the Parent Borrower and the Exchange Agent) of time following the date on which the Permitted Debt Exchange Offer is made.

(d)     The Borrowers shall be responsible for compliance with, and hereby agrees to comply with, all applicable securities and other laws and regulations in connection with each Permitted Debt Exchange, it being

 

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understood and agreed that (x) none of the Exchange Agent, the Administrative Agent nor any Lender assumes any responsibility in connection with the Borrowers’ compliance with such laws and regulations in connection with any Permitted Debt Exchange and (y) each Lender shall be solely responsible for its compliance with any applicable “insider trading” laws and regulations to which such Lender may be subject under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and/or other applicable securities laws and regulations.

(e)    If the Exchange Agent is not the Administrative Agent, the actions authorized to be taken by the Exchange Agent herein shall be done in consultation with the Administrative Agent.

Section 2.20     Co-Borrowers.

(a)     Each Borrower accepts joint and several liability hereunder in consideration of the financial accommodation to be provided by the Administrative Agent and the Lenders under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, for the mutual benefit, directly and indirectly, of each Borrower and in consideration of the undertakings of each Borrower to accept joint and several liability for the obligations of each Borrower.

(b)     Each Borrower shall be jointly and severally liable for the Obligations, regardless of which Borrower actually receives the Loans hereunder or the amount of the Obligations received or the manner in which the Administrative Agent or any Lender accounts for the Obligations on its books and records. Each Borrower’s obligations with respect to Loans made to it, and each Borrower’s obligations arising as a result of the joint and several liability of such Borrower hereunder, with respect to Loans made to and other Obligations owing by the Borrowers hereunder, shall be separate and distinct obligations, but all such obligations shall be primary obligations of each Borrower.

(c)     Each Borrower’s obligations arising as a result of the joint and several liability of such Borrower hereunder with respect to Loans made to and other Obligations owing by the Borrowers hereunder shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, be unconditional irrespective of (A) the validity or enforceability, avoidance or subordination of the obligations of any other Borrower or of any promissory note or other document evidencing all or any part of the obligations of any other Borrower, (B) the absence of any attempt to collect the Obligations from any other Borrower, any other guarantor, or any other security therefor, or the absence of any other action to enforce the same, (C) the waiver, consent, extension, forbearance or granting of any indulgence by the Administrative Agent or any Lender with respect to any provision of any instrument evidencing the obligations of any other Borrower, or any part thereof, or any other agreement now or hereafter executed by any other Borrower and delivered to the Administrative Agent or any Lender, (D) the failure by the Administrative Agent or any Lender to take any steps to perfect and maintain its security interest in, or to preserve its rights to, any security or collateral for the obligations of any other Borrower, (E) the Administrative Agent’s or any Lender’s election, in any proceeding instituted under the Bankruptcy Code, of the application of Section 1111(b)(2) of the Bankruptcy Code of the United States, (F) any borrowing or grant of a security interest by any other Borrower, as Debtor In Possession under Section 364 of the Bankruptcy Code of the United States, (G) the disallowance of all or any portion of the Administrative Agent’s or any Lender’s claim(s) for the repayment of the obligations of any other Borrower under Section 502 of the Bankruptcy Code of the United States, or (H) any other circumstances which might constitute a legal or equitable discharge or defense of a guarantor or of any other Borrower. With respect to each Borrower’s obligations arising as a result of the joint and several liability of such Borrower hereunder with respect to Loans made to the Borrowers hereunder, such Borrower waives, until the Obligations shall have been paid in full and this Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall have been terminated, any right to enforce any right of subrogation or any remedy which the Administrative Agent or any Lender now has or may hereafter have against such Borrower, any endorser or any guarantor of all or any part of the Obligations, and any benefit of, and any right to participate in, any security or collateral given to the Administrative Agent or any Lender to secure payment of the Obligations or any other liability of any Borrower to the Administrative Agent or any Lender.

(d)     Upon the occurrence and during the continuation of any Event of Default, the Administrative Agent and the Lenders may proceed directly and at once, without notice, against any Borrower to collect and recover the full amount, or any portion of the Obligations, without first proceeding against any other Borrower or any other Person, or against any security or collateral for the Obligations. Each Borrower consents and agrees that the Administrative Agent and the Lenders shall be under no obligation to marshal any assets in favor of any Borrower or against or in payment of any or all of the Obligations.

 

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(e)     Each Borrower hereby irrevocably appoints the Parent Borrower as the borrowing agent and attorney-in-fact for the Borrowers, which appointment shall remain in full force and effect unless and until the Administrative Agent shall have received prior written notice signed by all of the Borrowers that such appointment has been revoked and that another Borrower has been appointed in the place of the Parent Borrower. Each Borrower hereby irrevocably appoints and authorizes the Parent Borrower (i) to provide to the Administrative Agent and receive from the Administrative Agent all notices with respect to Loans obtained for the benefit of any Borrower and all other notices and instructions under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents and (ii) to take such action as the Parent Borrower deems appropriate on its behalf to obtain Loans and to exercise such other powers as are reasonably incidental thereto to carry out the purposes of this Agreement. It is understood that the handling of the Collateral of the Borrowers in a combined fashion, as more fully set forth herein and in the Collateral Documents, is done solely as an accommodation to the Borrowers in order to utilize the collective borrowing powers of the Borrowers in the most efficient and economical manner and at their request, and that neither the Agents nor the Lenders shall incur liability to the Borrowers as a result hereof. Each of the Borrowers expects to derive benefit, directly or indirectly, from the handling of the Collateral in a combined fashion since the successful operation of each Borrower is dependent on the continued successful performance of the integrated group.

(f)     In any action or proceeding involving any state corporate limited partnership or limited liability company law, or any applicable state, federal or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other Law affecting the rights of creditors generally, if the obligations of any Borrower hereunder would otherwise be held or determined to be void, voidable, invalid or unenforceable, or subordinated to the claims of any other creditors, on account of the amount of its liability hereunder, then, notwithstanding any other provision to the contrary, the amount of such liability shall, without any further action by such Borrower, any Loan Party or any other Person, be automatically limited and reduced to the highest amount that is valid and enforceable and not subordinated to the claims of other creditors as determined in such action or proceeding.

(g)     After the Closing Date, the Parent Borrower may, at any time and from time to time, designate any Subsidiary that is a Domestic Subsidiary as a Borrower by delivery to the Administrative Agent of a Borrower Joinder Agreement executed by such Subsidiary and the Parent Borrower, together with any documentation and other information with respect to such additional Borrower required by regulatory authorities under applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including, without limitation, the PATRIOT Act requested by the Administrative Agent (and to the extent not theretofore delivered on the Closing Date or otherwise), and upon such delivery and satisfaction, such Subsidiary shall for all purposes of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents be a Borrower and a party to this Agreement. As soon as practicable upon receipt of a Borrower Joinder Agreement, the Administrative Agent shall furnish a copy thereof to each Lender.

ARTICLE III.

Taxes, Increased Costs Protection and Illegality

Section 3.01     Taxes.

(a)     All payments by or on account of any obligation of the Borrowers or any other Loan Party hereunder or under any other Loan Document shall be made without deduction or withholding for any Taxes, except as required by applicable Law. If any applicable Law (as determined in the good faith discretion of an applicable Withholding Agent) requires the deduction or withholding of any Tax from or in respect of any such payment, then the applicable Withholding Agent shall be entitled to make such deduction or withholding and shall timely pay the full amount deducted or withheld to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with applicable Law and, if such Tax is an Indemnified Tax, the sum payable by the Borrowers or other applicable Loan Party shall be increased as necessary so that after all such deductions or withholdings for Indemnified Taxes have been made (including such deductions and withholdings for Indemnified Taxes applicable to additional sums payable under this Section 3.01) the applicable Recipient receives an amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such deduction or withholding for Indemnified Taxes been made.

(b)     In addition but without duplication, the Loan Parties shall timely pay to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with applicable Law, or at the option of the Administrative Agent timely reimburse it for the payment of, any Other Taxes.

 

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(c)     Without duplication of amounts paid pursuant to Section 3.01, the Loan Parties shall jointly and severally indemnify each Recipient, within 20 days after written demand therefor, for the full amount of any Indemnified Taxes (including Indemnified Taxes imposed or asserted on or attributable to amounts payable under this Section 3.01) payable or paid by such Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to such Recipient and any reasonable out-of-pocket expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Indemnified Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority. The relevant Recipient shall notify the Parent Borrower of the imposition of any Indemnified Tax reasonably promptly after becoming aware of the imposition of such Tax. A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to the Parent Borrower by a Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), or by the Administrative Agent on its own behalf or on behalf of a Lender, shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

(d)     Within 30 days after any payment of Taxes by any Loan Party to a Governmental Authority pursuant to this Section 3.01, such Loan Party shall deliver to the Administrative Agent the original or a certified copy of a receipt issued by such Governmental Authority evidencing such payment, a copy of the return reporting such payment or other evidence of such payment reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

(e)     If any Recipient determines, in its sole discretion exercised in good faith, that it has received a refund of any Indemnified Taxes as to which it has been indemnified pursuant to this Section 3.01 (including by the payment of additional amounts pursuant to this Section 3.01), it shall pay to the indemnifying party an amount equal to such refund (but only to the extent of indemnity payments made under this Section 3.01 with respect to the Indemnified Taxes giving rise to such refund), net of all out-of-pocket expenses (including Taxes) of such indemnified party and without interest (other than any interest paid by the relevant Governmental Authority with respect to such refund). Such indemnifying party, upon the request of such indemnified party, shall promptly repay to such indemnified party the amount paid over pursuant to this clause (e) (plus any penalties, interest or other charges imposed by the relevant Governmental Authority) in the event that such indemnified party is required to repay such refund to such Governmental Authority. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this clause (e), in no event will the indemnified party be required to pay any amount to an indemnifying party pursuant to this clause (e) the payment of which would place the indemnified party in a less favorable net after-Tax position than the indemnified party would have been in if the Tax subject to indemnification and giving rise to such refund had not been deducted, withheld or otherwise imposed and the indemnification payments or additional amounts with respect to such Tax had never been paid. This clause (e) shall not be construed to require any indemnified party to make available its Tax returns (or any other information relating to its Taxes that it deems confidential) to the indemnifying party or any other Person.

(f)     Each Lender agrees that, upon the occurrence of any event giving rise to the operation of Section 3.01(a) or (c) or Section 3.05 with respect to such Lender it will, if requested by the Parent Borrower, use commercially reasonable efforts (subject to such Lender’s overall internal policies of general application and legal and regulatory restrictions) to avoid or reduce to the greatest extent possible any indemnification or additional amounts being due under this Section 3.01 or Section 3.05, including to designate another Lending Office for any Loan affected by such event; provided that such efforts are made on terms that, in the reasonable judgment of such Lender, cause such Lender and its Lending Office(s) to suffer no material economic, legal or regulatory disadvantage; and provided, further, that nothing in this Section 3.01(f) shall affect or postpone any of the Obligations of any of the Borrowers or the rights of such Lender pursuant to Sections 3.01(a) and (c) and Section 3.05. The Borrowers hereby agree to pay all reasonable costs and expenses incurred by any Lender as a result of a request by the Parent Borrower under this Section 3.01(f).

(g)     (i) Any Lender that is entitled to an exemption from or reduction of withholding Tax with respect to any payments made under any Loan Document shall deliver to the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent, at the time or times reasonably requested by the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent, such properly completed and executed documentation reasonably requested by the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will permit such payments to be made without withholding or at a reduced rate of withholding. In addition, any Lender, if reasonably requested by the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent, shall deliver such other documentation prescribed by applicable Law or reasonably requested by the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will enable the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent to determine whether or not such Lender is subject to backup withholding or information reporting requirements. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the preceding two sentences, the completion, execution and submission of such documentation shall not be required

 

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if in the Lender’s reasonable judgment such completion, execution or submission would subject such Lender to any material unreimbursed cost or expense or would materially prejudice the legal or commercial position of such Lender.

(ii)    Without limiting the generality of the foregoing,

(A)     any Lender that is a U.S. Person shall deliver to the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent) executed copies of IRS Form W-9 (or any successor form) certifying that such Lender is exempt from U.S. federal backup withholding;

(B)     any Foreign Lender shall deliver to the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent), whichever of the following is applicable:

(a)     in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of an income tax treaty to which the United States is a party, (x) with respect to payments of interest under any Loan Document, executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E establishing an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “interest” article of such tax treaty and (y) with respect to any other applicable payments under any Loan Document, IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E establishing an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “business profits” or “other income” article of such tax treaty;

(b)    executed copies of IRS Form W-8ECI (or any successor form);

(c)     in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of the exemption for portfolio interest under Section 871(h) or Section 881(c) of the Code, (x) a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit K-1 to the effect that such Foreign Lender is not a “bank” within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Code, a “10-percent shareholder” of any Borrower within the meaning of Section 871(h)(3)(B) of the Code, a “controlled foreign corporation” related to any Borrower, as described in Section 881(c)(3)(C), of the Code and that no payments in connection with any Loan Document are effectively connected with such Lender’s conduct of a U.S. trade or business (a “U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate”) and (y) executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E, as applicable (or any successor form); or

(d)     to the extent a Foreign Lender is not the beneficial owner (e.g., where the Foreign Lender is a partnership or a participating Lender), executed copies of IRS Form W-8IMY, accompanied by IRS Form W-8ECI, IRS Form W-8BEN, IRS Form W-8BEN-E, a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit K-2 or Exhibit K-3, IRS Form W-9, and/or other certification documents from each beneficial owner, as applicable; provided that if the Foreign Lender is a partnership (and not a participating Lender) and one or more direct or indirect partners of such Foreign Lender are claiming the portfolio interest exemption, such Foreign Lender shall provide a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit K-4 on behalf of each such direct and indirect partner;

(C)     any Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent), executed copies of any other form prescribed by applicable Law as a basis for claiming exemption from or a reduction in U.S. federal withholding Tax, duly completed, together with such supplementary documentation as may be prescribed by applicable Law to permit the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent to determine the withholding or deduction required to be made;

 

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(D)        if a payment made to a Recipient under any Loan Document would be subject to Tax imposed by FATCA if such Lender or the Administrative Agent were to fail to comply with the applicable reporting requirements of FATCA (including those contained in Section 1471(b) or 1472(b) of the Code, as applicable), such Recipient shall deliver to the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent at the time or times prescribed by Law and at such time or times reasonably requested by the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent such documentation prescribed by applicable Law (including as prescribed by Section 1471(b)(3)(C)(i) of the Code) and such additional documentation reasonably requested by the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent as may be necessary for the relevant Borrower and the Administrative Agent to comply with their obligations under FATCA and to determine whether such Recipient has complied with such Recipient’s obligations under FATCA or to determine the amount to deduct and withhold from such payment. Solely for purposes of this clause (D), “FATCA” shall include any amendments made to FATCA after the date of this Agreement; and

(E)        the Administrative Agent, and any successor or supplemental Administrative Agent, shall deliver to the Parent Borrower (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which the Administrative Agent becomes the administrative agent hereunder or under any other Loan Document (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Parent Borrower) executed copies of either (i) IRS Form W-9 (or any successor form) or (ii) a U.S. branch withholding certificate on IRS Form W-8IMY (or any successor form) evidencing its agreement with the Borrowers to be treated as a U.S. person (with respect to amounts received on account of any Lender) and IRS Form W-8ECI (with respect to amounts received on its own account), with the effect that, in either case, the Borrowers will be entitled to make payments hereunder to the Administrative Agent without withholding or deduction on account of U.S. federal withholding tax.

Each Recipient agrees that if any documentation it previously delivered expires or becomes obsolete or inaccurate in any respect, it shall promptly update and deliver such form or certification to the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent or promptly notify the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent in writing of its legal ineligibility to do so. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section 3.01, a Lender shall not be required to deliver any documentation that such Lender is not legally eligible to deliver.

Each Lender hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to deliver to the Loan Parties and to any successor Administrative Agent any documentation provided by such Lender to the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 3.01(g).

(h)        Each Lender shall severally indemnify the Administrative Agent, within 10 days after demand therefor, for (i) any Indemnified Taxes attributable to such Lender (but only to the extent that any Loan Party has not already indemnified the Administrative Agent for such Indemnified Taxes and without limiting the obligation of the Loan Parties to do so), (ii) any Taxes attributable to such Lender’s failure to comply with the provisions of Section 10.07(m) relating to the maintenance of a Participant Register and (iii) any Excluded Taxes attributable to such Lender, in each case, that are payable or paid by the Administrative Agent in connection with any Loan Document, and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority. A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to any Lender by the Administrative Agent shall be conclusive absent manifest error. Each Lender hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to setoff and apply any and all amounts at any time owing to such Lender under any Loan Document or otherwise payable by the Administrative Agent to the Lender from any other source against any amount due to the Administrative Agent under this paragraph (h).

(i)        The agreements in this Section 3.01 shall survive the resignation and/or replacement of the Administrative Agent, any assignment of rights by, or the replacement of, a Lender, the termination of the Commitments and the repayment, satisfaction or discharge of all other Obligations.

(j)        For the avoidance of doubt, the term “applicable law” includes FATCA.

Section 3.02        [Reserved].

 

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Section 3.03        Illegality. If any Lender reasonably determines that any Law has made it unlawful, or that any Governmental Authority has asserted that it is unlawful, for any Lender or its applicable Lending Office to make, maintain or fund Loans whose interest is determined by reference to the Eurocurrency Rate, or to determine or charge interest rates based upon the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate, or any Governmental Authority has imposed material restrictions on the authority of such Lender to purchase or sell, or to take deposits of, Dollars in the applicable interbank market, then, on notice thereof by such Lender to the Parent Borrower through the Administrative Agent, (i) any obligation of such Lender to make or continue Eurocurrency Rate Loans or to convert Base Rate Loans to Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be suspended and (ii) if such notice asserts the illegality of such Lender making or maintaining Base Rate Loans, the interest rate on which is determined by reference to the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate component of the Base Rate, the interest rate on which Base Rate Loans of such Lender, shall, if necessary to avoid such illegality, be determined by the Administrative Agent without reference to the Eurocurrency Rate component of the Base Rate, in each case until such Lender notifies the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower that the circumstances giving rise to such determination no longer exist. Upon receipt of such notice, (x) the Borrowers shall, upon demand from such Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), prepay or, if applicable, convert all of such Lender’s Eurocurrency Rate Loans to Base Rate Loans (the interest rate on which Base Rate Loans of such Lender shall, if necessary to avoid such illegality, be determined by the Administrative Agent without reference to the Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate component of the Base Rate). Upon any such prepayment or conversion, the Borrowers shall also pay accrued interest on the amount so prepaid or converted and all amounts due, if any, in connection with such prepayment or conversion under Section 3.06. Each Lender agrees to designate a different Lending Office if such designation will avoid the need for such notice and will not, in the good faith judgment of such Lender, otherwise be materially disadvantageous to such Lender.

Section 3.04        Inability to Determine Rates.

(a)        If the Administrative Agent reasonably determines (which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error) that (i) for any reason, adequate and reasonable means do not exist for determining the Eurocurrency Rate for any requested Interest Period and currency with respect to a proposed Eurocurrency Rate Loan, or (ii) is informed by the Required Lenders that the Eurocurrency Rate for any requested Interest Period and currency with respect to a proposed Eurocurrency Rate Loan does not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to such Lenders of funding such Loan, or (iii) that deposits are not being offered to banks in the relevant interbank market for the applicable amount, currency and the Interest Period of such Eurocurrency Rate Loan, the Administrative Agent will promptly so notify the Parent Borrower and each Lender. Thereafter, (x) the obligation of the Lenders to make or maintain Eurocurrency Rate Loans of such currency shall be suspended and (y) in the event of a determination described in the preceding sentence with respect to the Eurocurrency Rate component of the Base Rate, the utilization of the Eurocurrency Rate component in determining the Base Rate shall be suspended, in each case until the Administrative Agent (upon the instruction of the Required Lenders) revokes such notice. Upon receipt of such notice, the Parent Borrower may revoke any pending request for a Borrowing of, conversion to or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans of such currency or, failing that, will be deemed to have converted such request into a request for a Borrowing of Base Rate Loans in the amount specified therein.

(b)        If at any time the Administrative Agent determines (which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error) that (i) the circumstances set forth in clause (a)(i) have arisen and such circumstances are unlikely to be temporary or (ii) the circumstances set forth in clause (a)(i) above have not arisen but either (w) the supervisor for the administrator of the Screen Rate has made a public statement that the administrator of the Screen Rate is insolvent (and there is no successor administrator that will continue publication of the Screen Rate), (x) the administrator of the Screen Rate has made a public statement identifying a specific date after which the Screen Rate will permanently or indefinitely cease to be published by it (and there is no successor administrator that will continue publication of the Screen Rate), (y) the supervisor for the administrator of the Screen Rate has made a public statement identifying a specific date after which the Screen Rate will permanently or indefinitely cease to be published or (z) the supervisor for the administrator of the Screen Rate or a Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over the Administrative Agent has made a public statement identifying a specific date after which the Screen Rate may no longer be used for determining interest rates for loans, then the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower shall endeavor to establish an alternate rate of interest of to the Eurocurrency Rate that gives due consideration to the then prevailing market convention for determining a rate of interest for syndicated loans in the United States in Dollars at such time, and shall enter into an amendment to this Agreement to reflect such alternate rate of interest and such other related changes to this Agreement as may be applicable (but for the avoidance of

 

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doubt, such related changes shall not include a reduction of the Applicable Rate); provided that, if such alternate rate of interest as so determined would be less than 1.00%, such rate shall be deemed to be 1.00% for the purposes of this Agreement. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Section 10.01, such amendment shall become effective without any further action or consent of any other party to this Agreement so long as the Administrative Agent shall not have received, within five Business Days of the date notice of such alternate rate of interest is provided to the Lenders, a written notice from the Required Lenders stating that such Required Lenders object to such amendment.

Section 3.05        Increased Cost and Reduced Return; Capital Adequacy and Liquidity Requirements.

(a)        If any Lender reasonably determines that as a result of the introduction of or any change in or in the interpretation of any Law, in each case after the date hereof, or such Lender’s compliance therewith, there shall be any material increase in the cost to such Lender of agreeing to make or making, funding or maintaining any Loan the interest on which is determined by reference to the Eurocurrency Rate, or a material reduction in the amount received or receivable by such Lender in connection with any of the foregoing (including Taxes on or in respect of its loans, commitments, or other obligations, or its deposits, reserves, other liabilities or capital attributable thereto, but excluding for purposes of this Section 3.05(a) any such increased costs or reduction in amount resulting from (i) Indemnified Taxes indemnifiable under Section 3.01 and (ii) Excluded Taxes), then within 15 days after demand of such Lender setting forth in reasonable detail such increased costs (with a copy of such demand to the Administrative Agent given in accordance with Section 3.06), the Borrowers shall pay to such Lender such additional amounts as will compensate such Lender for such increased cost or reduction.

(b)        If any Lender reasonably determines that the introduction of any Law regarding capital adequacy and liquidity requirements or any change therein or in the interpretation thereof, in each case after the date hereof, or compliance by such Lender (or its Lending Office) therewith, has the effect of materially reducing the rate of return on the capital of such Lender or any corporation controlling such Lender as a consequence of such Lender’s obligations hereunder (taking into consideration its policies with respect to capital adequacy and liquidity and such Lender’s desired return on capital), then within 15 days after demand of such Lender setting forth in reasonable detail the charge and the calculation of such reduced rate of return (with a copy of such demand to the Administrative Agent given in accordance with Section 3.06), the Borrowers shall pay to such Lender such additional amounts as will compensate such Lender for such reduction.

(c)        The Borrowers shall pay to each Lender, (i) as long as such Lender shall be required to maintain reserves or liquidity with respect to liabilities or assets consisting of or including Eurocurrency Rate funds or deposits, additional interest on the unpaid principal amount of each Eurocurrency Rate Loan equal to the actual costs of such reserves or liquidity allocated to such Loan by such Lender (as determined by such Lender in good faith, which determination shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error), and (ii) as long as such Lender shall be required to comply with any liquidity requirement, reserve ratio requirement or analogous requirement of any other central banking or financial regulatory authority imposed in respect of the maintenance of the Commitments or the funding of the Eurocurrency Rate Loans, such additional costs (expressed as a percentage per annum and rounded upwards, if necessary, to the nearest five decimal places) equal to the actual costs allocated to such Commitment or Loan by such Lender (as determined by such Lender in good faith, which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error) which in each case shall be due and payable on each date on which interest is payable on such Loan; provided the Parent Borrower shall have received at least 15 days’ prior written notice (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) of such additional interest or cost from such Lender. If a Lender fails to give written notice fifteen days prior to the relevant Interest Payment Date, such additional interest or cost shall be due and payable 15 days from receipt of such written notice.

(d)        For purposes of this Section 3.05, (i) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and all requests, rules, regulations, guidelines or directives thereunder or issued in connection therewith and (ii) all requests, rules, guidelines, requirements and directives promulgated by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any successor or similar authority) or the United States or foreign regulatory authorities (other than foreign regulatory authorities in Switzerland), in each case pursuant to Basel III, shall, in each case, be deemed to have gone into effect after the date hereof, regardless of the date enacted, adopted or issued.

 

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Section 3.06     Funding Losses. Upon written demand of any Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) from time to time, setting forth in reasonable detail the basis for calculating such compensation, the Borrowers shall promptly compensate such Lender for and hold such Lender harmless from any loss, cost or expense incurred by it as a result of:

(a)     any continuation, conversion, payment or prepayment of any Eurocurrency Rate Loan on a day other than the last day of the Interest Period for such Loan (whether voluntary, mandatory, automatic, by reason of acceleration, or otherwise);

(b)     any failure by the Borrowers (for a reason other than the failure of such Lender to make a Loan or pursuant to a conditional notice) to prepay, borrow, continue or convert any Eurocurrency Rate Loan on the date or in the amount notified by the Parent Borrower;

(c)     any failure by the Borrowers to make payment of any Loan on its scheduled due date or any payment of any Loan in a different currency from such Loan; or

(d)     any mandatory assignment of such Lender’s Eurocurrency Rate Loans pursuant to Section 3.08 on a day other than the last day of the Interest Period for such Loans,

including any loss or expense arising from the liquidation or reemployment of funds obtained by it to maintain such Loan or from fees payable to terminate the deposits from which such funds were obtained (but excluding anticipated profits). The Borrowers shall also pay any customary administrative fees charged by such Lender in connection with the foregoing.

Section 3.07     Matters Applicable to All Requests for Compensation.

(a)     A certificate of any Agent or any Lender claiming compensation under this Article III and setting forth in reasonable detail a calculation of the additional amount or amounts to be paid to it hereunder shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error. In determining such amount, such Agent or such Lender may use any reasonable averaging and attribution methods. With respect to any Lender’s claim for compensation under Section 3.03, 3.04 or 3.05, the Loan Parties shall not be required to compensate such Lender for any amount incurred more than 180 days prior to the date that such Lender notifies the Parent Borrower of the event that gives rise to such claim; provided that, if the circumstance giving rise to such claim is retroactive, then such 180-day period referred to above shall be extended to include the period of retroactive effect thereof.

(b)     If any Lender requests compensation under Section 3.05, or the Borrowers are required to pay any additional amount to any Lender or any Governmental Authority for the account of any Lender pursuant to Section 3.01, or if any Lender gives a notice pursuant to Section 3.03, then such Lender will, if requested by the Parent Borrower and at the Borrowers’ expense, use commercially reasonable efforts to designate another Lending Office for any Loan affected by such event; provided that such efforts (i) would eliminate or reduce amounts payable pursuant to Section 3.01 or 3.04, as applicable, in the future and (ii) would not, in the judgment of such Lender be inconsistent with the internal policies of, or otherwise be disadvantageous in any material legal, economic or regulatory respect to such Lender or its Lending Office. The provisions of this clause (b) shall not affect or postpone any Obligations of the Borrowers or rights of such Lender pursuant to Section 3.05.

(c)     If any Lender requests compensation by the Borrowers under Section 3.05, the Parent Borrower may, by notice to such Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), suspend the obligation of such Lender to make or continue from one Interest Period to another Eurocurrency Rate Loans, or to convert Base Rate Loans into Eurocurrency Rate Loans, until the event or condition giving rise to such request ceases to be in effect (in which case the provisions of Section 3.07(e) shall be applicable); provided that such suspension shall not affect the right of such Lender to receive the compensation so requested.

(d)     If the obligation of any Lender to make or continue from one Interest Period to another any Eurocurrency Rate Loan, or to convert Base Rate Loans into Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be suspended pursuant to Section 3.07(c) hereof, such Lender’s Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be automatically converted into Base Rate

 

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Loans on the last day(s) of the then current Interest Period(s) for such Eurocurrency Rate Loans (or, in the case of an immediate conversion required by Section 3.03, on such earlier date as required by Law) and, unless and until such Lender gives notice as provided below that the circumstances specified in Section 3.03, 3.04 or 3.05 hereof that gave rise to such conversion no longer exist:

(i)     to the extent that such Lender’s Eurocurrency Rate Loans have been so converted, all payments and prepayments of principal that would otherwise be applied to such Lender’s Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be applied instead to its Base Rate Loans; and

(ii)     all Loans that would otherwise be made or continued from one Interest Period to another by such Lender as Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be made or continued instead as Base Rate Loans, and all Base Rate Loans of such Lender that would otherwise be converted into Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall remain as Base Rate Loans.

(e)     If any Lender gives notice to the Parent Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) that the circumstances specified in Section 3.03, 3.04 or 3.05 hereof that gave rise to the conversion of such Lender’s Eurocurrency Rate Loans pursuant to this Section 3.07 no longer exist (which such Lender agrees to do promptly upon such circumstances ceasing to exist) at a time when Eurocurrency Rate Loans made by other Lenders are outstanding, such Lender’s Base Rate Loans shall be automatically converted, on the first day(s) of the next succeeding Interest Period(s) for such outstanding Eurocurrency Rate Loans, to the extent necessary so that, after giving effect thereto, all Loans held by the Lenders holding Eurocurrency Rate Loans and by such Lender are held pro rata (as to principal amounts, interest rate basis, and Interest Periods) in accordance with their respective Commitments.

(f)     A Lender shall not be entitled to any compensation pursuant to the foregoing sections to the extent such Lender is not imposing such charges or requesting such compensation from borrowers (similarly situated to the Borrowers hereunder) under comparable syndicated credit facilities.

Section 3.08     Replacement of Lenders under Certain Circumstances.

(a)     If at any time (i) the Borrowers become obligated to pay additional amounts or indemnity payments described in Section 3.01 or 3.05 (other than with respect to Other Taxes) as a result of any condition described in such Sections or any Lender ceases to make Eurocurrency Rate Loans as a result of any condition described in Section 3.03 or 3.04, (ii) any Lender becomes a Defaulting Lender or (iii) any Lender becomes a Non-Consenting Lender (as defined below in this Section 3.08) (collectively, a “Replaceable Lender”), then the Parent Borrower may, on written notice from the Parent Borrower to the Administrative Agent and such Lender, either (i) replace such Lender by causing such Lender to (and such Lender shall be obligated to) assign pursuant to Section 10.07(b) (with the assignment fee to be paid by the Borrowers in such instance unless waived by the Administrative Agent) all of its rights and obligations under this Agreement (or, in the case of a Non-Consenting Lender, all of its rights and obligations under this Agreement with respect to the Facility or Facilities for which its consent is required) to one or more Eligible Assignees; provided that neither the Administrative Agent nor any Lender shall have any obligation to the Borrowers to find a replacement Lender or other such Person or (ii) so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, terminate the Commitment of such Lender and in the case of a Lender, repay all Obligations of the Borrowers owing (and the amount of all accrued interest and fees in respect thereof) to such Lender relating to the Loans and participations held by such Lender as of such termination date; provided that (i) in the case of any such replacement of, or termination of Commitments with respect to a Non-Consenting Lender such replacement or termination shall be sufficient (together with all other consenting Lenders including any other replacement Lender) to cause the adoption of the applicable modification, waiver or amendment of the Loan Documents and (ii) in the case of any such replacement as a result of the Borrowers having become obligated to pay amounts described in Section 3.01 or 3.05, such replacement would eliminate or reduce payments pursuant to Section 3.01 or 3.05, as applicable, in the future. Any Lender being replaced pursuant to this Section 3.08(a) (i) need not be a party to an Assignment and Assumption in order for such assignment to be effective and shall be deemed to have consented to an be bound by the terms thereof; provided that, following the effectiveness of any such assignment, the other parties to such assignment agree to execute and deliver such documents necessary to evidence such assignment as reasonably requested by the applicable Lender, provided that any such documents shall be without recourse to or warranty by the parties thereto and (ii) shall deliver any Notes evidencing such Loans to

 

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the Borrowers (for return to the Borrower) or the Administrative Agent. Pursuant to such Assignment and Assumption, (A) the assignee Lender shall acquire all or a portion, as the case may be, of the assigning Lender’s Commitment and outstanding Loans, (B) all Obligations relating to the Loans and participations (and the amount of all accrued interest, fees and premiums in respect thereof) so assigned shall be paid in full by the assignee Lender to such assigning Lender concurrently with such assignment and assumption and (C) upon such payment and, if so requested by the assignee Lender, the assigning Lender shall deliver to the assignee Lender the applicable Note or Notes executed by the Borrower, the assignee Lender shall become a Lender hereunder and the assigning Lender shall cease to constitute a Lender hereunder with respect to such assigned Loans, Commitments and participations, except with respect to indemnification provisions under this Agreement, which shall survive as to such assigning Lender. In connection with any such replacement, if any such Replaceable Lender does not execute and deliver to the Administrative Agent a duly executed Assignment and Assumption reflecting such replacement within two Business Days of the date on which the assignee Lender executes and delivers such Assignment and Assumption to such Replaceable Lender, then such Replaceable Lender shall be deemed to have executed and delivered such Assignment and Assumption without any action on the part of the Replaceable Lender. In connection with the replacement of any Lender pursuant to this Section 3.08(a), the Borrowers shall pay to such Lender such amounts as may be required pursuant to Section 3.06.

(b)     Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained above, the Lender that acts as the Administrative Agent may not be replaced hereunder except in accordance with the terms of Section 9.09.

(c)     In the event that (i) the Parent Borrower or the Administrative Agent has requested the Lenders to consent to a waiver of any provisions of the Loan Documents or to agree to any amendment or other modification thereto, (ii) the waiver, amendment or modification in question requires the agreement of all affected Lenders in accordance with the terms of Section 10.01 or all the Lenders with respect to a certain class of the Loans and (iii) the Required Lenders have agreed to such waiver, amendment or modification, then any Lender who does not agree to such waiver, amendment or modification, in each case, shall be deemed a “Non-Consenting Lender”; provided, that the term “Non-Consenting Lender” shall also include any Lender that rejects (or is deemed to reject) (x) a loan modification offer under Section 10.01, which loan modification has been accepted by at least the Majority Lenders of the respective Tranche of Loans whose Loans and/or Commitments are to be extended pursuant to such loan modification and (y) any Lender that does not elect to become a lender in respect of any Specified Refinancing Debt pursuant to Section 2.18. For the avoidance of doubt, if any applicable Lender shall be deemed a Non-Consenting Lender and is required to assign all or any portion of its Initial Loans or its Initial Loans are prepaid by the Borrowers, pursuant to Section 3.08(a), the Borrowers shall pay the applicable Prepayment Premium that would otherwise be payable by the Borrower in connection with a voluntary prepayment thereof.

(d)     Survival. All of the Loan Parties’ obligations under this Article III shall survive termination of the Aggregate Commitments and repayment of all other Obligations hereunder, any assignment by or replacement of a Lender and any resignation or removal of the Administrative Agent.

ARTICLE IV.

Conditions Precedent to Credit Extensions

Section 4.01     Conditions to the Initial Credit Extension on the Closing Date. The obligation of each Lender to make its initial Credit Extension hereunder on the Closing Date is subject to satisfaction or due waiver in accordance with Section 10.01 of each of the following conditions precedent, except as otherwise agreed between the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent:

(a)     The Administrative Agent shall have received all of the following, each of which shall be originals or facsimiles or “pdf” files (followed promptly by originals) unless otherwise specified, each properly executed by a Responsible Officer of the signing Loan Party, each dated as of the Closing Date (or, in the case of certificates of governmental officials, as of a recent date before the Closing Date), each in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, and each accompanied by their respective required schedules and other attachments (and set forth thereon shall be all required information with respect to Holdings and its Subsidiaries, giving effect to the Transactions):

(i)     executed counterparts of (A) this Agreement from Holdings and the Borrowers,

 

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(B) the Holdings Guaranty from Holdings, (C) the Subsidiary Guaranty from each Subsidiary Guarantor and (D) the Intercompany Subordination Agreement;

(ii)     a customary perfection certificate, duly executed by the Loan Parties;

(iii)     the Security Agreement, duly executed by Holdings, the Borrowers and each Subsidiary Guarantor, together with (subject to the last paragraph of this Section 4.01):

(1)     certificates, if any, representing the Pledged Interests in each Borrower and each wholly owned Domestic Subsidiary other than Immaterial Subsidiaries, accompanied by undated stock powers executed in blank (or stock transfer forms, as applicable) and instruments evidencing the Pledged Debt indorsed in blank (or instrument of transfer, as applicable) shall have been delivered to the First Lien Administrative Agent following pay-off of the Existing Credit Agreements,

(2)     copies of proper financing statements, filed or duly prepared for filing under the Uniform Commercial Code in all United States jurisdictions that the Administrative Agent may deem reasonably necessary in order to perfect and protect the Liens on assets of Holdings, each Borrower and each Subsidiary Guarantor created under the Security Agreement, covering the Collateral described in the Security Agreement, and

(3)     evidence that all other actions, recordings and filings of or with respect to the Security Agreement that the Administrative Agent may deem reasonably necessary or desirable in order to perfect and protect the Liens created thereby (subject to the Perfection Exceptions) shall have been taken, completed or otherwise provided for in a manner reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent (including receipt of duly executed payoff letters, customary lien searches and UCC-3 termination statements);

(iv)     an Intellectual Property Security Agreement, duly executed by each Loan Party that owns intellectual property (and, to the extent applicable, is the exclusive licensee of registered copyrights) that is required to be pledged in accordance with the Security Agreement;

(v)     a Note executed by the Borrowers in favor of each Lender requesting a Note reasonably in advance of the Closing Date;

(vi)     a Committed Loan Notice relating to the initial Credit Extension;

(vii)     a solvency certificate executed by the chief financial officer or similar officer, director or authorized signatory of the Parent Borrower (after giving effect to the Transactions) substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit I;

(viii)     such documents and certifications (including Organization Documents and, if applicable, good standing certificates) as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require to evidence (A) the identity, authority and capacity of each Responsible Officer of the Loan Parties acting as such in connection with this Agreement and the other Loan Documents and (B) that Holdings, each Borrower and each Subsidiary Guarantor is duly organized or formed, and that each of them is validly existing and, to the extent applicable, in good standing, except to the extent that failure to be so qualified could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and

(ix)     an opinion of Kirkland & Ellis LLP, special New York and California counsel to Holdings, the Borrowers and the Subsidiary Guarantors, addressed to each Secured Party, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

(b)     The Arrangers and the Administrative Agent shall have received (i) audited consolidated

 

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balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of income and cash flows of the Parent Borrower as of and for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 and (ii) unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of income of the Parent Borrower as of the end of and for the three month period ended March 31, 2018 and as of and for any fiscal quarter (other than the fourth fiscal quarter) ended at least 45 days prior to the Closing Date.

(c)     The Arrangers and the Administrative Agent shall have received a pro forma consolidated balance sheet and related pro forma consolidated statement of income of the Parent Borrower or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries as of and for the twelve-month period ending on March 31, 2018, prepared so as to give effect to the Transactions as if the Transactions had occurred as of such date (in the case of such balance sheet) or as if the Transactions had occurred at the beginning of such period (in the case of such other financial statements), which need not be prepared in compliance with Regulation S-X, or include adjustments for purchase accounting.

(d)     (i) Holdings and the Borrowers shall have provided the documentation and other information reasonably requested in writing at least ten days prior to the Closing Date by the Arrangers as they reasonably determine is required by regulatory authorities under applicable “know your customer” and anti-money-laundering rules and regulations, including, without limitation, the PATRIOT Act, in each case at least three business days prior to the Closing Date (or such shorter period as the Administrative Agent shall otherwise agree) and (ii) to the extent any Borrower qualifies as a “legal entity customer” under the Beneficial Ownership Regulation, at least five days prior to the Closing Date, any Lender that has requested, in a written notice to the Parent Borrower at least 10 days prior to the Closing Date, a Beneficial Ownership Certification in relation to the Borrowers shall have received such Beneficial Ownership Certification (provided that, upon the execution and delivery by such Lender of its signature page to this Agreement, the condition set forth in this clause (ii) shall be deemed to be satisfied).

(e)     The First Lien Facilities Documentation required by the terms of the First Lien Credit Agreement and the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement shall have been duly executed and delivered by each Loan Party thereto to the First Lien Administrative Agent and shall be in full force and effect, and substantially contemporaneously with the funding of the Initial Loans, the First Lien Facilities shall be funded.

(f)     (i) the Refinancing shall have been, or shall concurrently with the initial funding of the Facility be, consummated.

(ii)     All fees required to be paid on the Closing Date pursuant to this Agreement, the Fee Letter and any other arrangements with the Administrative Agent or the Arrangers and reasonable out-of-pocket expenses required to be paid on the Closing Date pursuant to any other written agreement with the Arrangers, to the extent invoiced at least three Business Days prior to the Closing Date (or such later date as the Parent Borrower may reasonably agree) shall have been paid (which amounts may be offset against the proceeds of the Initial Loans at the Parent Borrower’s election).

Without limiting the generality of the provisions of Section 9.03, for purposes of determining compliance with the conditions specified in this Section 4.01, each Lender as of the Closing Date shall be deemed to have consented to, approved or accepted or to be satisfied with, each document or other matter required hereunder to be consented to or approved by or acceptable or satisfactory to a Lender unless the Administrative Agent shall have received written notice from such Lender prior to the Closing Date specifying its objection thereto.

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, it is understood that, other than with respect to (a) the execution and delivery by Holdings and the Borrowers of the Security Agreement and the Intellectual Property Security Agreement and (b) UCC Filing Collateral or Stock Certificates (each as defined below), to the extent any Lien on any Collateral is not or cannot be provided and/or perfected on the Closing Date after Holdings’ and the Borrowers’ use of commercially reasonable efforts to do so or without undue burden or expense, the provision and/or perfection of a Lien on such Collateral shall not constitute a condition precedent for purposes of this Section 4.01, but instead shall be required to be perfected after the Closing Date in accordance with Section 6.16; provided that Holdings and the Borrowers shall have delivered all Stock Certificates. For purposes of this paragraph, “UCC

 

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Filing Collateral” means Collateral, including Collateral constituting investment property, for which a security interest can be perfected by filing a UCC-1 financing statement. “Stock Certificates” means certificates representing Capital Stock of each Borrower and the wholly owned Domestic Subsidiaries of the Loan Parties (other than Immaterial Subsidiaries) (provided that Holdings and the Borrowers shall not be required to deliver Stock Certificates constituting Excluded Property) for which a security interest can be perfected by delivering such certificates, together with undated stock powers or other appropriate instruments of transfer executed in blank for each such certificate.

Section 4.02     [Reserved].

ARTICLE V.

Representations and Warranties

Each of Holdings (with respect to Sections 5.01, 5.02, 5.03, 5.04, 5.08, 5.12, 5.13, 5.14, 5.18, 5.19 and 5.20) and the Borrowers represent and warrant to the Administrative Agent, Collateral Agent and the Lenders that:

Section 5.01     Existence, Qualification and Power; Compliance with Laws. Each Loan Party and each of the Subsidiaries (subject, in the case of clause (c), to Section 5.03) (a) is a Person duly organized, formed or incorporated, validly existing and in good standing (to the extent such concept is applicable in the relevant jurisdiction) under the Laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or organization, (b) has all requisite power and authority to (i) own or lease its assets and carry on its business and (ii) execute, deliver and perform its obligations under the Loan Documents to which it is a party, (c) is duly qualified and is authorized to do business and in good standing (to the extent such concept is applicable in the relevant jurisdiction) under the Laws of each jurisdiction where its ownership, lease or operation of properties or the conduct of its business requires such qualification and (d) has all requisite governmental licenses, authorizations, consents and approvals to operate its business as currently conducted; except in each case referred to in clause (b)(i), (c) and (d), to the extent that any failure to be so or to have such could not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.02     Authorization; No Contravention. The execution, delivery and performance by each Loan Party of each Loan Document to which such Person is or is to be a party, are within such Loan Party’s corporate or other powers, have been duly authorized by all necessary corporate or other organizational action and do not (a) contravene the terms of any of such Person’s Organization Documents or (b) violate any Law; except to the extent that such violation under clause (b) could not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.03     Governmental Authorization; Other Consents. No approval, consent, exemption, authorization or other action by, or notice to, or filing with, any Governmental Authority or any other Person is necessary or required in connection with (a) the execution, delivery, performance by, or enforcement against, any Loan Party of this Agreement or any other Loan Document, or for the consummation of the Transactions, (b) the grant by any Loan Party of the Liens granted by it pursuant to the Collateral Documents or (c) the perfection or maintenance of the Liens created under the Collateral Documents, except for (w) filings and registrations necessary to perfect the Liens on the Collateral granted by the Loan Parties consisting of UCC financing statements, filings in the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the United States Copyright Office and Mortgages, and, (x) the approvals, consents, exemptions, authorizations, actions, notices and filings which have been duly obtained, taken, given or made and are in full force and effect, (y) those approvals, consents, exemptions, authorizations or other actions, notices or filings set out in the Collateral Documents and (z) those approvals, consents, exemptions, authorizations or other actions, notices or filings, the failure of which to obtain or make could not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.04     Binding Effect. This Agreement and each other Loan Document has been duly executed and delivered by each Loan Party (subject, in each case, to Section 5.03) that is party thereto. This Agreement and each other Loan Document constitutes a legal, valid and binding obligation of such Loan Party, enforceable against each Loan Party that is party thereto in accordance with its terms, subject to applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and subject to general principles of equity, regardless of whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law.

 

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Section 5.05    Financial Statements; No Material Adverse Effect.

(a)     The audited consolidated financial statements of the Parent Borrower (or of any Parent Holding Company or Subsidiary of a Parent Holding Company allowed to be delivered pursuant to the terms hereof) and its Subsidiaries most recently delivered pursuant to Section 4.01(b)(i) or 6.01(a), as applicable, fairly present in all material respects the consolidated financial condition of the Parent Borrower (or of any Parent Holding Company or Subsidiary of a Parent Holding Company allowed to be delivered pursuant to the terms hereof) and its Subsidiaries as of the dates thereof and their results of operations for the period covered thereby in accordance with GAAP consistently applied throughout the period covered thereby, except as otherwise expressly noted therein.

(b)     The unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Parent Borrower (or of any Parent Holding Company or Subsidiary of a Parent Holding Company allowed to be delivered pursuant to the terms hereof) and its Subsidiaries most recently delivered pursuant to Section 4.01(b)(ii) or 6.01(b), as applicable, (i) were prepared in accordance with GAAP and consistently applied throughout the period covered thereby, except as otherwise expressly noted therein, and (ii) fairly present in all material respects the consolidated financial condition of the Parent Borrower (or of any Parent Holding Company or Subsidiary of a Parent Holding Company allowed to be delivered pursuant to the terms hereof) and its Subsidiaries as of the date thereof and their results of operations for the period covered thereby, subject to the absence of footnotes and to normal and recurring year-end audit adjustments.

(c)     Since December 31, 2017, there has been no event or circumstance, either individually or in the aggregate, that has had or would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(d)     The consolidated forecasted balance sheets, statements of income and statements of cash flows of the Parent Borrower (or of any Parent Holding Company allowed to be delivered pursuant to the terms hereof) and its Subsidiaries most recently delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(c) were prepared in good faith on the basis of the assumptions stated therein, which assumptions were reasonable in light of the conditions existing at the time of delivery of such forecasts; it being understood that no assurance can be given that any particular projections will be realized, actual results may vary from such forecasts and that such variations may be material.

Section 5.06     Litigation. There are no actions, suits, proceedings, claims or disputes pending or, to the knowledge of the Borrowers, threatened in writing, at law, in equity, in arbitration or before any Governmental Authority, against the Borrowers or any Subsidiary, or against any of their properties or revenues that would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.07     Use of Proceeds. The Borrowers will only use the proceeds of the Initial Loans to finance the Transactions and pay Transaction Costs (including paying any fees, commissions and expenses associated therewith).

Section 5.08     Ownership of Property; Liens.

(a)     Each Loan Party and each of the Subsidiaries has good and marketable fee simple title to, or valid leasehold interests in, all real property necessary in the ordinary conduct of its business, free and clear of all Liens except for minor defects in title that do not materially interfere with its ability to conduct its business or to utilize such assets for their intended purposes and Liens permitted by Section 7.02, except where the failure to have such title or interests could not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect on the use or operation of any Material Real Property or any real property necessary for the ordinary conduct of the Borrower’s business, taken as a whole.

(b)     Set forth on Schedule 5.08(b) hereto is a complete and accurate list, in all material respects, of all Material Real Property owned by any Loan Party as of the Closing Date, showing as of the Closing Date, the street address (to the extent available), county or other relevant jurisdiction, state and record owner; and as of the Closing Date, no Loan Party owns any Material Real Property except as listed on Schedule 5.08(b).

 

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Section 5.09    Environmental Compliance. Except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect:

(a)     The Borrowers and the Subsidiaries and their respective operations and properties, are in compliance with all Environmental Laws and Environmental Permits and none of the Borrowers or the Subsidiaries are subject to any Environmental Liability.

(b)     (i) None of the properties currently or formerly owned or operated by the Borrowers or any Subsidiary is listed or, to the knowledge of the Parent Borrower, proposed for listing on the NPL or on the CERCLIS or any analogous foreign, state or local list, (ii) there is no asbestos or asbestos-containing material on any property currently owned or operated by the Borrowers or any of the Subsidiaries requiring investigation, remediation, mitigation, removal, or assessment, or other response, remedial or corrective action, pursuant to any Environmental Law and (iii) Hazardous Materials have not been Released and there exists no threat of Release of Hazardous Materials on any property currently or, to the knowledge of the Parent Borrower, formerly owned or operated by the Borrowers or any of the Subsidiaries, except for such Releases or threats of Releases that were in compliance with, or would not reasonably be expected to give rise to liability of the Borrowers or any Subsidiary under Environmental Laws.

(c)     None of the Borrowers or any of the Subsidiaries is undertaking, and none has completed, either individually or together with other potentially responsible parties, any investigation, remediation, mitigation, removal, assessment or remedial, response or corrective action relating to any actual or threatened release, discharge or disposal of Hazardous Materials at any site, location or operation, either voluntarily or pursuant to the order of any Governmental Authority or the requirements of any Environmental Law.

(d)     All Hazardous Materials generated, used, treated, handled or stored at, or transported to or from, any property currently or, to the knowledge of the Parent Borrower, formerly owned or operated by the Borrowers or any of the Subsidiaries have been disposed of in a manner not reasonably expected to result in liability to the Borrowers or any of the Subsidiaries.

(e)     None of the Borrowers or any of the Subsidiaries has received a notice of or is subject to any claim, action, proceeding or suit alleging liability pursuant to any Environmental Law.

Section 5.10     Taxes.  Each Borrower and each of the Subsidiaries has filed or have caused to be filed all Tax returns and reports required to be filed, and has paid all Taxes (including in its capacity as a withholding agent) levied or imposed upon it or its properties, income or assets otherwise due and payable, except those (a) that are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted and for which adequate reserves have been provided in accordance with GAAP or (b) with respect to which the failure to make such filing or payment would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.11     Employee Benefits Plans.

(a)     Except as would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (i) each Plan is in compliance with the applicable provisions of ERISA, the Code and other applicable federal and state laws and (ii) each Plan that is intended to be a qualified plan under Section 401(a) of the Code may rely upon an opinion letter for a prototype plan or has received a favorable determination letter from the IRS to the effect that the form of such Plan is qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code and the trust related thereto has been determined by the IRS to be exempt from federal income tax under Section 501(a) of the Code, or an application for such a letter will be submitted to the IRS within the applicable required time period with respect thereto or is currently being processed by the IRS, and to the knowledge of any Loan Party, nothing has occurred that would prevent, or cause the loss of, such tax-qualified status.

(b)     Except as would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (i) each Foreign Plan is in compliance with all requirements of Law applicable thereto and the respective requirements of the governing documents for such plan and (ii) with respect to each Foreign Plan,

 

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none of the Borrowers or any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective directors, officers, employees or agents has engaged in a transaction that could subject the Borrowers or any Subsidiary, directly or indirectly, to any tax or civil penalty.

(c)     There are no pending or, to the knowledge of any Loan Party, threatened claims, actions or lawsuits, or action by any Governmental Authority, with respect to any Plan that would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. There has been no “prohibited transaction” within the meaning of Section 4975 of the Code or Section 406 or 407 of ERISA (and not otherwise exempt under Section 408 of ERISA) with respect to any Plan that would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(d)     (i) No ERISA Event has occurred and neither any Loan Party nor, to the knowledge of any Loan Party, any ERISA Affiliate is aware of any fact, event or circumstance that could reasonably be expected to constitute or result in an ERISA Event with respect to any Plan, Multiemployer Plan or Foreign Plan, (ii) each Loan Party and each ERISA Affiliate has met all applicable requirements under the Pension Funding Rules in respect of each Plan, and no waiver of the minimum funding standards under such Pension Funding Rules has been applied for or obtained, (iii) there exists no Unfunded Pension Liability, (iv) as of the most recent valuation date for any Plan, the present value of all accrued benefits under such Plan (based on the actuarial assumptions used to fund such Plan) did not exceed the value of the assets of such Plan allocable to such accrued benefits, (v) neither any Loan Party nor, to the knowledge of any Loan Party any ERISA Affiliate knows of any facts or circumstances that could reasonably be expected to cause the funding target attainment percentage (as defined in Section 430(d)(2) of the Code) for any Plan, if applicable, to drop below 80% as of the most recent valuation date, (vi) neither any Loan Party nor any ERISA Affiliate has incurred any liability to the PBGC other than for the payment of premiums, and there are no premium payments which have become due that are unpaid, (vii) neither any Loan Party nor any ERISA Affiliate has engaged in a transaction that could be subject to Sections 4069 or 4212(c) of ERISA and (viii) no Plan has been terminated by the plan administrator thereof or by the PBGC and no event or circumstance has occurred or exists that could reasonably be expected to cause the PBGC to institute proceedings under Title IV of ERISA to terminate any Plan or Multiemployer Plan, except with respect to each of the foregoing clauses (i) through (viii) of this Section 5.11(a), as would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(e)     (i) With respect to each Foreign Plan, reserves have been established in the financial statements furnished to Lenders in respect of any unfunded liabilities in accordance with applicable Law and, where required, in accordance with ordinary accounting practices in the jurisdiction in which such Foreign Plan is maintained and (ii) except as disclosed or reflected in such financial statements, there are no aggregate unfunded liabilities with respect to Foreign Plans and the present value of the aggregate accumulated benefit liabilities of all Foreign Plans did not, as of the last annual valuation date applicable thereto, exceed the assets of all such Foreign Plans, except with respect to each of the foregoing clauses (i) and (ii) of this Section 5.11(e), as would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.12     Subsidiaries; Capital Stock. As of the Closing Date, there are no Subsidiaries other than those specifically disclosed in Schedule 5.12, and all of the outstanding Capital Stock in such Subsidiaries that are owned by a Loan Party have been validly issued, are fully paid and non-assessable (other than for those Subsidiaries that are limited liability companies and limited partnerships and to the extent such concepts are not applicable in the relevant jurisdiction) and are owned free and clear of all Liens except (i) those created under the Collateral Documents, (ii) those created under the First Lien Facilities Documentation and (iii) any nonconsensual Lien that is permitted under Section 7.02.

Section 5.13     Margin Regulations; Investment Company Act.

(a)     Each of the Loan Parties is not engaged and will not engage, principally or as one of its important activities, in the business of purchasing or carrying Margin Stock, or extending credit for the purpose of purchasing or carrying Margin Stock and no proceeds of any Borrowings will be used to purchase or carry any Margin Stock or to extend credit to others for the purpose of purchasing or carrying any Margin Stock. Neither the making of any Credit Extension hereunder nor the use of proceeds thereof will violate any regulations of the FRB, including the provisions of Regulations T, U or X of the FRB.

 

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(b)     None of the Loan Parties is or is required to be registered as an “investment company” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.

Section 5.14     Disclosure.

(a)     As of the Closing Date, no report, financial statement, certificate or other written information furnished by or on behalf of any Loan Party (other than projected financial information, pro forma financial information and information of a general economic or industry nature) to any Agent or any Lender in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby and the negotiation of this Agreement or delivered hereunder or any other Loan Document (as modified or supplemented by other information so furnished), when taken as a whole, contains any material misstatement of fact or omits to state any material fact necessary to make the statements therein (when taken as a whole), in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not materially misleading; provided that, with respect to projected and pro forma financial information, the Parent Borrower represents only that such information was prepared in good faith based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable at the time of preparation and delivery; it being understood that actual results may vary from such forecasts and that such variances may be material.

(b)     As of the Closing Date, the information included in the Beneficial Ownership Certification is true and correct in all respects.

Section 5.15     Compliance with Laws. The Borrowers and each Subsidiary are in compliance in all material respects with the requirements of all Laws and all orders, writs, injunctions and decrees applicable to it or to its properties, except in such instances in which (a) such requirement of Law or order, writ, injunction or decree is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted or (b) the failure to comply therewith, either individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.16     Intellectual Property; Licenses, Etc. To the knowledge of the Borrowers and each Subsidiary Guarantor own, license or possess the right to use, all of the trademarks, service marks, trade names, copyrights, patents and other intellectual property rights (collectively, “IP Rights”) that are necessary for the operation of its respective business, as currently conducted, except to the extent such failure to own, license or possess, either individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect and provided that the foregoing shall not deem to constitute a representation that the Borrowers and the Subsidiary Guarantors do not infringe or violate the IP Rights held by any other Person. Set forth on Schedule 5.16 is a complete and accurate list of all registrations or applications to register in the United States Patent and Trademark Office or the United States Copyright Office patents, trademarks, and copyrights owned or, in the case of copyrights, exclusively licensed by the Borrowers and Subsidiary Guarantors as of the Closing Date. To the knowledge of the Borrowers, the conduct of the business of the Borrowers or Subsidiary Guarantors as currently conducted does not infringe upon or violate any IP Rights held by any other Person, except for such infringements and violations which, individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. No claim or litigation regarding any of the foregoing is pending or, to the knowledge of the Borrowers, threatened in writing, which, either individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.17     Solvency. On the Closing Date, after giving effect to the Transactions, the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, are Solvent.

Section 5.18     Perfection, Etc. Subject to Section 5.03, each Collateral Document delivered pursuant to this Agreement will, upon execution and delivery thereof, be effective to create in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties, legal, valid and enforceable first priority Liens on, and security interests in the Collateral described therein to the extent intended to be created thereby, except as to enforcement, as may be limited by applicable domestic bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent conveyance, reorganization (by way of voluntary arrangement, schemes of arrangements or otherwise), moratorium and other similar laws relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally, general equitable principles (whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law) and (a) when financing statements are filed in the offices of the Secretary of State of each Loan Party’s jurisdiction of organization or formation and applicable documents are filed and recorded as applicable in the United States Copyright Office or the United States Patent and Trademark Office and (b) upon the taking of possession or control by the Collateral Agent (or, if applicable, the First Lien Administrative Agent in accordance with the First

 

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Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement) of such Collateral with respect to which a security interest may be perfected only by possession or control (which possession or control shall be given to the Collateral Agent (or, if applicable, the First Lien Administrative Agent in accordance with the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement) to the extent possession or control by the Collateral Agent is required by the applicable Collateral Document) the Liens created by the Collateral Documents shall constitute fully perfected second priority Liens so far as possible under relevant law on, and security interests in (to the extent intended to be created thereby and required to be perfected under the Loan Documents), all right, title and interest of the grantors in such Collateral in each case free and clear of any Liens other than Liens permitted hereunder.

Section 5.19     Sanctions; OFAC.

(a)     Sanctions Laws and Regulations. Each of Holdings, the Borrowers and each of their respective Subsidiaries is (i) in compliance, in all material respects, with applicable Sanctions Laws and Regulations and (ii) in compliance, in all material respects, with applicable anti-money laundering laws and regulations. No Borrowing, or use of proceeds, will violate or result in the violation of any Sanctions Laws and Regulations applicable to any party hereto.

(b)     OFAC. None of (I) Holdings, the Borrowers or any other Loan Party and (II) the Subsidiaries that are not Loan Parties or, to the knowledge of Holdings and the Borrowers, any director, manager, officer, agent or employee of Holdings, the Borrowers or any of their respective Subsidiaries, in each case, (i) is a person whose property or interest in property is blocked or subject to blocking pursuant to Section 1 of the Executive Order, (ii) in any material respect, engages in any dealings or transactions prohibited by Section 2 of the Executive Order, or is otherwise associated with any such person in any manner that violates Section 2 of the Executive Order, (iii) is a person on the list of “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” or otherwise targeted by limitations or prohibitions under any other OFAC regulation or executive order or (iv) is otherwise the subject or target of any Sanctions Laws and Regulations. The Borrowers will not directly or indirectly use the proceeds of the Loans or otherwise make available such proceeds to any Person, for the purpose of financing the activities of any Person, or in any country or territory, that is the subject or target of any Sanctions Laws and Regulations in violation of Sanctions Laws and Regulations, or in any other manner that would result in a material violation of any Sanctions Laws and Regulations by any Person, unless specifically or generally licensed by OFAC.

Section 5.20     Anti-Corruption Laws. No part of the proceeds of any Loan will be used for any improper payments, directly or, to the Borrowers’ knowledge, indirectly, to any governmental official or employee, political party, official of a political party, candidate for political office, or anyone else acting in an official capacity, or any other party (if applicable) in order to obtain, retain or direct business or obtain any improper advantage, in violation of the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, the United Kingdom Bribery Act of 2010, as amended and any similar laws, rules or regulations issued, administered or enforced by any Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over the Borrowers (collectively, the “Anti-Corruption Laws”). The Borrowers have implemented and maintains in effect policies and procedures designed to reasonably ensure compliance by the Borrowers, their Subsidiaries and their respective directors, officer, employees and agents with Anti-Corruption Laws, and the Borrowers, their Subsidiaries and their respective officers and employees and, to the knowledge of the Borrowers, their respective directors and agents, are in compliance in all material respects with Anti-Corruption Laws.

ARTICLE VI.

Affirmative Covenants

So long as any Lender shall have any Commitment hereunder, any Loan or other Obligation (other than contingent indemnification obligations as to which no claim has been asserted) hereunder shall remain unpaid or unsatisfied, (A) the Parent Borrower shall, and shall (except in the case of the covenants set forth in Sections 6.01, 6.02 and 6.03) cause each Subsidiary to and (B) with respect to Section 6.14, Holdings shall:

Section 6.01     Financial Statements. Deliver to the Administrative Agent for further distribution to each Lender:

 

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(a)     within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Parent Borrower, beginning with the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, a consolidated balance sheet of the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries as at the end of such fiscal year, and the related consolidated statements of income or operations, shareholders’ equity and cash flows for such fiscal year, setting forth in each case in comparative form the figures for the previous fiscal year, all in reasonable detail and prepared in accordance with GAAP, audited and accompanied by a report and opinion of any independent certified public accountant of nationally recognized standing, which report and opinion shall be prepared in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and shall not be subject to any “going concern” or like qualification, exception or explanatory paragraph or any qualification, exception or explanatory paragraph as to the scope of such audit, together with a customary management’s discussion and analysis of financial information;

(b)     within 60 days after the end of each of the first three fiscal quarters of each fiscal year of the Parent Borrower (commencing with the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2018), a consolidated balance sheet of the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries as at the end of such fiscal quarter, and the related consolidated statements of income or operations, shareholders’ equity and cash flows for such fiscal quarter and for the portion of the fiscal year then ended, setting forth in each case, in comparative form the figures for the corresponding fiscal quarter of the previous fiscal year and the corresponding portion of the previous fiscal year, all in reasonable detail and certified by a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower as fairly presenting in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations, shareholders’ equity and cash flows of the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries in accordance with GAAP, subject only to normal year-end audit adjustments and the absence of footnotes, together with a customary management’s discussion and analysis of financial information; and

(c)     within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year, beginning with the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, to be distributed only to each Lender that has selected the “Private Side Information” or similar designation, reasonably detailed segment-level forecasts along with written assumptions prepared by management of the Parent Borrower (including projected consolidated balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements of the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries) on a quarterly basis for the fiscal year following such fiscal year then ended, which forecasts shall be prepared in good faith on the basis of assumptions believed to be reasonable at the time of preparation thereof; provided that delivery of such forecasts pursuant to this Section 6.01(c) shall only be required hereunder prior to an initial public offering of the Capital Stock of the Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, (A) the obligations in clauses (a), (b) and (c) of this Section 6.01 may be satisfied by furnishing, at the option of the Parent Borrower, the applicable financial statements or, as applicable, forecasts of (I) any successor of the Parent Borrower, or (II) Holdings or any Parent Holding Company; provided that to the extent such information relates to Holdings or a Parent Holding Company, such information is accompanied by consolidating information that explains in reasonable detail the differences between the information relating to Holdings or any Parent Holding Company, on the one hand, and the information relating to the Parent Borrower and the Subsidiaries on a standalone basis, on the other hand, and (B) (i) in the event that the Parent Borrower or Holdings (or any Parent Holding Company allowed to be delivered pursuant to the terms hereof) delivers to the Administrative Agent an Annual Report on Form 10-K for any fiscal year (or similar filing in the applicable jurisdiction), as filed with the SEC or in such form as would have been suitable for filing with the SEC, within the time frames set forth in clause (a) above, such Form 10-K shall satisfy all requirements of clause (a) of this Section 6.01 with respect to such fiscal year to the extent that it contains the information and report and opinion required by such clause (a) and such report and opinion does not contain any “going concern” or like qualification, exception or explanatory paragraph or any qualification, exception or explanatory paragraph as to the scope of audit and (ii) in the event that the Parent Borrower (or any Parent Holding Company allowed to be delivered pursuant to the terms hereof) delivers to the Administrative Agent a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for any fiscal quarter (or similar filing in the applicable jurisdiction), as filed with the SEC or in such form as would have been suitable for filing with the SEC, within the time frames set forth in clause (b) above, such Form 10-Q shall satisfy all requirements of clause (b) of this Section with respect to such fiscal quarter to the extent that it contains the information required by such clause (b); in each case to the extent that information contained in such Form 10-K or Form 10-Q (or similar filings in the applicable jurisdiction) satisfies the requirements of clauses (a) or (b) of this Section 6.01, as the case may be.

 

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Section 6.02     Certificates; Other Information. Deliver to the Administrative Agent:

(a)     no later than five days after the delivery of (i) the financial statements referred to in Section 6.01(a) or (ii) an Annual Report on Form 10-K (delivered pursuant to the last paragraph of Section 6.01), but only to the extent permitted by accounting industry policies generally followed by independent certified public accountants, a certificate of the independent certified public accountants certifying such financial statements and stating that in making the examination necessary therefor no knowledge was obtained of any Event of Default arising from a breach of any financial covenant (to the extent then applicable) or, if any such Event of Default shall exist, stating the nature and status of such event;

(b)    no later than five days after the delivery of (i) the financial statements referred to in Sections 6.01(a) and (b) or (ii) an Annual Report on Form 10-K or a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (in either case, delivered pursuant to the last paragraph of Section 6.01), a duly completed Compliance Certificate signed by a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower (which delivery may, unless the Administrative Agent or a Lender requests executed originals, be by electronic communication including fax or email and shall be deemed to be an original authentic counterpart thereof for all purposes);

(c)     promptly after the same are available, copies of all annual, regular, periodic and special reports and registration statements which Holdings or the Parent Borrower may file or be required to file, copies of any report, filing or communication with the SEC under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, or with any Governmental Authority that may be substituted therefor, or with any national securities exchange, and in any case not otherwise required to be delivered to the Administrative Agent pursuant hereto;

(d)     promptly after the furnishing thereof, copies of any notices received by any Loan Party (other than in the ordinary course of business) and copies of any statement or report furnished to any holder of debt securities or loans of any Loan Party or of any of its Subsidiaries (other than any immaterial correspondence in the ordinary course of business or any regularly required quarterly or annual certificates), in each case pursuant to the terms of the First Lien Credit Agreement or any Junior Financing in a principal amount greater than the Threshold Amount and not otherwise required to be furnished to the Lenders pursuant to any other clause of this Section 6.02;

(e)     promptly after the receipt thereof by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, copies of each notice or other correspondence received from the SEC (or comparable agency in any applicable non-U.S. jurisdiction) concerning any material investigation or other material inquiry by such agency regarding financial or other operational results of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries;

(f)     promptly after the assertion or occurrence thereof, notice of any action arising under any Environmental Law against or of any noncompliance by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries with any Environmental Law or Environmental Permit, in each case that would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

(g)     together with the delivery of each Compliance Certificate pursuant to Section 6.02(b), a report supplementing Schedule 5.12 hereto to the extent necessary so that the related representation and warranty would be true and correct if made as of the date of such Compliance Certificate; and

(h)     promptly, such additional information regarding the business, legal, financial or corporate affairs of any Loan Party or any Subsidiary thereof as the Administrative Agent or any Lender through the Administrative Agent may from time to time reasonably request.

Documents required to be delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a), (b), (c) or (d) or Section 6.02(c) or (d) (or to the extent any such documents are included in materials otherwise filed with the SEC) may be delivered electronically and if so delivered, shall be deemed to have been delivered on the date on which such documents are posted on the Parent Borrower’s (or any Parent Holding Company or Subsidiary of a Parent Holding Company allowed to be delivered pursuant to the terms hereof) behalf on the Approved Electronic Platform or another relevant

 

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Internet or intranet website, if any, to which each Lender and the Administrative Agent have access (whether a commercial, third-party website or whether sponsored by the Administrative Agent); provided that: (i) upon written request by the Administrative Agent, the Parent Borrower shall deliver paper copies of such documents to the Administrative Agent for further distribution to each Lender until a written request to cease delivering paper copies is given by the Administrative Agent or such Lender and (ii) the Parent Borrower shall notify (which may be by facsimile or electronic mail) the Administrative Agent of the posting of any such documents described in this paragraph and provide to the Administrative Agent by electronic mail electronic versions (i.e., soft copies) of such documents to the extent requested by the Administrative Agent. The Administrative Agent shall have no obligation to request the delivery of or to maintain or deliver to Lenders paper copies of the documents referred to above, and in any event shall have no responsibility to monitor compliance by the Parent Borrower with any such request for delivery, and each Lender shall be solely responsible for timely accessing posted documents or requesting delivery of paper copies of such documents from the Administrative Agent and maintaining its copies of such documents.

Each Borrower represents and warrants that each of it and its controlling and controlled entities, in each case, if any (collectively with the Borrowers, the “Relevant Entities”), either (i) has no SEC registered or unregistered, publicly traded securities outstanding, or (ii) files its financial statements with the SEC and/or makes its financial statements available to potential holders of its securities, and, accordingly, each Borrower hereby (i) authorizes the Administrative Agent to make the financial statements to be provided under Sections 6.02(a) and (b) above, along with the Loan Documents, available to Public Siders and (ii) agrees that at the time such financial statements are provided hereunder, they shall already have been made available to holders of any such securities. The Borrowers will not request that any other material be posted to Public Siders without expressly representing and warranting to the Administrative Agent in writing that such materials do not constitute material non-public information within the meaning of the federal securities laws or that the Relevant Entities have no outstanding SEC registered or unregistered, publicly traded securities. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in no event shall the Borrowers request that the Administrative Agent make available to Public Siders budgets or any certificates, reports or calculations with respect to the Borrowers’ compliance with the covenants contained herein.

Section 6.03     Notices. Promptly, after a Responsible Officer of any Borrower or any Guarantor has obtained knowledge thereof, notify the Administrative Agent:

(a)     of the occurrence of any Default or Event of Default;

(b)     of the institution of any material litigation not previously disclosed by the Parent Borrower to the Administrative Agent, or any material development in any material litigation that is reasonably likely to be adversely determined, and would, in either case, if adversely determined be reasonably expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

(c)     of the occurrence of any ERISA Event, where there is any reasonable likelihood of the imposition of liability on any Loan Party as a result thereof that would be reasonably expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and

(d)     of the occurrence of any Foreign Benefit Event, where there is any reasonable likelihood of the imposition of liability on any Loan Party as a result thereof that would be reasonably expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Each notice pursuant to this Section 6.03 shall be accompanied by a statement of a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower setting forth details of the occurrence referred to therein and stating what action the Parent Borrower has taken and proposes to take with respect thereto.

Section 6.04     Payment of Taxes. Pay, discharge or otherwise satisfy as the same shall become due and payable, all Taxes (including in its capacity as withholding agent) imposed upon it or its income, profits, properties or other assets, unless the same are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted and adequate reserves in accordance with GAAP are being maintained by such Borrower or such Subsidiary; except to the extent the failure to pay, discharge or satisfy the same could not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

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Section 6.05     Preservation of Existence, Etc. (a) Preserve, renew and maintain in full force and effect its legal existence under the Laws of the jurisdiction of its organization except in a transaction permitted by Section 7.03 or 7.04, (b) take all reasonable action to maintain all rights, privileges (including its good standing, if such concept is applicable in its jurisdiction of organization), permits, licenses and franchises necessary or desirable in the normal conduct of its business, except to the extent that failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect or as otherwise permitted hereunder, and (c) use commercially reasonable efforts to preserve or renew all of its registered IP Rights, the non-preservation of which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect or as otherwise permitted hereunder, provided that nothing in this Section 6.05 shall require the preservation, renewal or maintenance of, or prevent the abandonment by, the Borrowers or Subsidiary of any registered IP Rights that the Borrowers or Subsidiary reasonably determine are not useful to its business or no longer commercially desirable.

Section 6.06     Maintenance of Properties.   Except if the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect, maintain, preserve and protect all of its tangible properties and equipment that are necessary in the operation of its business in good working order, repair and condition, ordinary wear and tear excepted and casualty or condemnation excepted.

Section 6.07     Maintenance of Insurance.

(a)     Maintain in full force and effect, with insurance companies that the Parent Borrower believes (in the good faith judgment of the management of the Parent Borrower) are financially sound and responsible at the time the relevant coverage is placed or renewed, insurance in at least such amounts (after giving effect to any self-insurance which the Parent Borrower believes (in the good faith judgment of management of the Parent Borrower) is reasonable and prudent in light of the size and nature of its business) and against at least such risks (and with such risk retentions) as are usually insured against in the same general area by companies engaged in businesses similar to those engaged by the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries. Subject to Section 6.16, the Parent Borrower shall use commercially reasonable efforts to ensure that at all times the Collateral Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, shall be named as an additional insured with respect to liability policies (other than directors and officers policies and workers compensation) maintained by Holdings, the Borrowers and each Subsidiary Guarantor and the Collateral Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, shall be named as loss payee and mortgagee with respect to the property insurance maintained by Holdings, the Borrowers and each Subsidiary Guarantor; provided that, unless an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, (A) all proceeds from insurance policies shall be paid to the applicable Borrower or applicable Subsidiary Guarantor, (B) to the extent the Collateral Agent receives any proceeds, the Collateral Agent shall turn over to the Parent Borrower any amounts received by it as an additional insured or loss payee under any property insurance maintained by the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries, and (C) the Collateral Agent agrees that the Borrowers and/or their applicable Subsidiaries shall have the sole right to adjust or settle any claims under such insurance.

(b)     Without limiting the foregoing, (i) maintain, if available, fully paid flood hazard insurance on all improved real property that is located in a special flood hazard area and that constitutes Mortgaged Property, on such terms and in such amounts as required by the Flood Insurance Laws, (ii) furnish to the Collateral Agent promptly upon written request evidence of the renewal (and payment of renewal premiums therefor) of all such policies prior to the expiration or lapse thereof, and (iii) furnish to the Collateral Agent prompt written notice of any redesignation of any such improved real property into or out of a special flood hazard area.

Section 6.08     Compliance with Laws. Comply with the requirements of all applicable Laws (including, without limitation, ERISA, the PATRIOT Act, Sanctions Laws and Regulations and Environmental Laws) and all orders, writs, injunctions and decrees of any Governmental Authority applicable to it or to its business or property, except if the failure to comply therewith, either individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 6.09     Books and Records.   Maintain proper books of record and account, in a manner to allow financial statements to be prepared in all material respects in conformity with GAAP consistently applied in respect of all financial transactions and matters involving the assets and business of the Borrowers or, if applicable, Holdings or such Subsidiary, as the case may be (it being understood and agreed that Foreign Subsidiaries may

 

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maintain individual books and records in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles that are applicable in their respective jurisdiction of organization).

Section 6.10     Inspection Rights.   Permit representatives of the Administrative Agent and, during the continuance of any Event of Default, of each Lender to visit and inspect any of its properties (subject to the rights of lessees or sublessees thereof and subject to any restrictions or limitations in the applicable lease, sublease or other written occupancy arrangement pursuant to which such Borrower or such Subsidiary is a party), to examine its corporate, financial and operating records, and make copies thereof or abstracts therefrom, and to discuss its affairs, finances and accounts with its directors, managers, officers, and independent public accountants (subject to such accountants’ customary policies and procedures), all at the reasonable expense of the Parent Borrower and at such reasonable times during normal business hours and as often as may be reasonably desired, upon reasonable advance written notice to the Parent Borrower; provided that, excluding any such visits and inspections during the continuation of an Event of Default, (i) only the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Lenders may exercise rights under this Section 6.10, (ii) the Administrative Agent shall not exercise such rights more often than one time during any calendar year and (iii) such exercise shall be at the Parent Borrower’s expense; provided further, that when an Event of Default is continuing the Administrative Agent (or any of their respective representatives) may do any of the foregoing at the expense of the Parent Borrower at any time and from time to time during normal business hours and upon reasonable advance written notice. The Administrative Agent and the Lenders shall give the Parent Borrower the opportunity to participate in any discussions with the Parent Borrower’s accountants. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 6.10, none of the Borrowers nor any Subsidiary will be required to disclose or permit the inspection or discussion of, any document, information or other matter (i) that constitutes non-financial trade secrets or non-financial proprietary information, (ii) in respect of which disclosure to the Administrative Agent or any Lender (or their respective representatives or contractors) is prohibited by Law or any binding agreement or (iii) that is subject to attorney client or similar privilege or constitutes attorney work product; provided that the Borrowers shall notify the Administrative Agent of the fact that information is being withheld pursuant to this sentence.

Section 6.11     Use of Proceeds.   The Borrowers will use the proceeds of the Loans only as provided in Sections 5.07, 5.13(a), 5.19 and 5.20.

Section 6.12     Covenant to Guarantee Obligations and Give Security.

(a)     Upon the formation or acquisition of any new wholly owned Domestic Subsidiaries by any Loan Party (provided that any Excluded Subsidiary ceasing to be an Excluded Subsidiary but remaining a Subsidiary (including a Controlled Foreign Subsidiary ceasing to be a Controlled Foreign Subsidiary or a FSHCO ceasing to be a FSHCO) shall be deemed to constitute the acquisition of a Subsidiary for all purposes of this Section 6.12), and upon the acquisition of any property (other than Excluded Property and real property that is not Material Real Property and other than foreign intellectual property and U.S. intellectual property that is not registered with, or that is not the subject of an application for registration with, the United States Patent and Trademark Office or United States Copyright Office) by any Loan Party, which property, in the reasonable judgment of the Administrative Agent, is not already subject to a perfected Lien in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties (and where such a perfected Lien would be required in accordance with the terms of the Collateral Documents or other Loan Documents), the Parent Borrower shall, at the Parent Borrower’s expense:

(i)     in connection with such formation or acquisition of a Domestic Subsidiary, within 90 days after such formation or acquisition or such longer period as the Collateral Agent may agree in its reasonable discretion, (A) cause each such Subsidiary that is not an Excluded Subsidiary to duly execute and deliver to the Collateral Agent a guaranty or guaranty supplement, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, guaranteeing the Obligations and a joinder or supplement to the applicable Collateral Documents and (B) (if not already so delivered) deliver certificates (or the foreign equivalent thereof, as applicable) representing the Pledged Interests of each such Subsidiary (if any) held by the applicable Loan Party accompanied by undated stock powers or other appropriate instruments of transfer executed in blank and instruments evidencing the Pledged Debt owing by such Subsidiary to any Loan Party indorsed in blank to the Collateral Agent (or, if applicable, the First Lien Administrative Agent in accordance with the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement), together with, if requested by the

 

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Collateral Agent, supplements to the Security Agreement; provided that any Excluded Property shall not be required to be pledged as Collateral,

(ii)     within 90 days after such formation or acquisition of any such property or any request therefor by the Collateral Agent (or such longer period, as the Collateral Agent may agree in its reasonable discretion) duly execute and deliver, and cause each such Subsidiary that is not an Excluded Subsidiary to duly execute and deliver, to the Collateral Agent one or more Mortgages (and other documentation and instruments referred to in Section 6.14) (with respect to Material Real Properties only), Security Agreement Supplements, Intellectual Property Security Agreement Supplements, as specified by and in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent (consistent, to the extent applicable, with the Security Agreement, the Intellectual Property Security Agreement, the Mortgages and the other Collateral Documents (and Section 6.14)), securing payment of all the Obligations (provided that to the extent any property to be subject to a Mortgage is located in a jurisdiction which imposes mortgage recording taxes, intangibles tax, documentary tax or similar recording fees or taxes, the relevant Mortgage shall not secure an amount in excess of the Fair Market Value of such property subject thereto) of the applicable Loan Party or such Subsidiary, as the case may be, under the Loan Documents and establishing Liens on all such properties or property; provided that such properties or property shall not be required to be pledged as Collateral, and no Security Agreement Supplements, Intellectual Property Security Agreement Supplements shall be required to be delivered in respect thereof, to the extent that any such properties or property constitute Excluded Property,

(iii)     within 90 days after such request, formation or acquisition, or such longer period, as the Collateral Agent may agree in its reasonable discretion, take, and cause such Subsidiary that is not an Excluded Subsidiary and each applicable Loan Party to take, whatever action (including the recording of Mortgages (with respect to Material Real Properties only), the filing of UCC financing statements, the giving of notices and delivery of stock and membership interest certificates or foreign equivalents representing the applicable Capital Stock) as may be necessary or advisable in the reasonable opinion of the Collateral Agent to vest in the Collateral Agent (or in any representative of the Collateral Agent designated by it), subject to Section 5.03, valid and subsisting Liens on the properties purported to be subject to the Mortgages, Security Agreement Supplements, Intellectual Property Security Agreement Supplements, supplements to other Collateral Documents and security agreements delivered pursuant to this Section 6.12, in each case to the extent required under the Loan Documents and subject to the Perfection Exceptions, enforceable against all third parties in accordance with their terms,

(iv)     within 90 days after the request of the Collateral Agent, or such longer period as the Collateral Agent may agree in its reasonable discretion, deliver to the Collateral Agent, Organization Documents, resolutions and a signed copy of one or more customary opinions, addressed to the Collateral Agent and the other Secured Parties, of counsel for the Loan Parties (or the Collateral Agent, as applicable) reasonably acceptable to the Collateral Agent as to such matters as the Collateral Agent may reasonably request (limited, in the case of any opinions of local counsel to Loan Parties constituting material Subsidiary Guarantors in jurisdictions in which any Mortgaged Property is located, to opinions relating to Material Real Property (and any other Mortgaged Properties located in the same jurisdiction as any such Material Real Property)),

(v)     within 90 days after the request of the Collateral Agent, or such longer period as the Collateral Agent may agree in its reasonable discretion, deliver to the Collateral Agent with respect to each Material Real Property that is the subject of such request and subject to a Mortgage, title reports in scope, form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent (but only to the extent such reports exist and are in the possession of the relevant Loan Party or can reasonably be obtained), fully paid American Land Title Association Lender’s title insurance policies or the equivalent or other form available in the applicable jurisdiction in form and substance, with endorsements as provided in Section 6.14 and in amounts, reasonably acceptable to the Collateral Agent (not to exceed the Fair Market Value of the Material Real Properties covered thereby and subject to any tie-in coverage available) but only to the extent such Material Real Property is located in the United States, and

 

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(vi)     at any time and from time to time, promptly execute and deliver any and all further instruments and documents and take all such other action as the Collateral Agent in its reasonable judgment may deem necessary or desirable in obtaining the full benefits of, or in perfecting and preserving the Liens of, such guaranties, Mortgages, Security Agreement Supplements, Intellectual Property Security Agreement Supplements, Collateral Documents and security agreements.

Section 6.13     Compliance with Environmental Laws. Except, in each case, to the extent that the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect: (a) comply, and take commercially reasonable efforts to cause all lessees operating or occupying its properties to comply with all Environmental Laws and Environmental Permits; (b) obtain, maintain and renew all applicable Environmental Permits necessary for its operations and properties; and (c) to the extent required under Environmental Laws, conduct any investigation, mitigation, study, sampling and testing, and undertake any cleanup, removal or remedial, corrective or other action necessary to respond to and remove and clean up all Hazardous Materials from any of its properties, in accordance with the requirements of Environmental Laws.

Section 6.14     Further Assurances.

(a)     Promptly upon request by the Administrative Agent, or the Collateral Agent or any Lender through the Administrative Agent, and subject to the limitations described in Section 6.12, (i) correct any material defect or error that may be discovered in any Loan Document or other document or instrument relating to any Collateral or in the execution, acknowledgment, filing or recordation thereof and (ii) do, execute, acknowledge, deliver, record, re-record, file, re-file, register and re-register any and all such further acts, deeds, certificates, assurances and other instruments as the Administrative Agent, or the Collateral Agent or any Lender through the Administrative Agent, may reasonably require from time to time in order to grant, preserve, protect and continue the validity, perfection and priority of the security interests created or intended to be created by the Collateral Documents. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, neither the Borrowers nor any Loan Party (except for any Foreign Subsidiary that is a Loan Party) shall be required to make any filings or take any other actions to perfect the Lien on and security interest in any intellectual property except for filings in the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the United States Copyright Office and filings of UCC-1 financing statements in the applicable jurisdiction.

(b)     By the date that is 120 days after the Closing Date, as such time period may be extended in the Collateral Agent’s reasonable discretion, the Borrowers shall, and shall cause each Subsidiary to, deliver to the Collateral Agent:

(i)     a Mortgage with respect to each Mortgaged Property, together with evidence each such Mortgage has been duly executed, acknowledged and delivered by a duly authorized officer of each party thereto on or before such date in a form suitable for filing and recording in all appropriate local filing or recording offices that the Collateral Agent may deem reasonably necessary or desirable in order to create a valid and subsisting perfected Lien on the property described therein in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties, subject only to Permitted Liens, and that all filing and recording taxes and fees have been paid or otherwise provided for in a manner reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent; provided that to the extent any property to be subject to a Mortgage is located in a jurisdiction that imposes mortgage recording taxes, intangibles tax, documentary tax or similar recording fees or taxes, the relevant Mortgage shall not secure an amount in excess of the Fair Market Value of such property subject thereto;

(ii)     fully paid American Land Title Association or equivalent Lender’s title insurance policies or marked up unconditional binder for such insurance (the “Mortgage Policies”) in form and substance reasonably requested by Collateral Agent, with endorsements reasonably requested by Collateral Agent, in amounts reasonably acceptable to the Collateral Agent (not to exceed the Fair Market Value of the Material Real Properties covered thereby and subject to any tie-in coverage available), issued, coinsured and reinsured by title insurers reasonably acceptable to the Collateral Agent in connection with any Material Real Property located in the United States;

(iii)     American Land Title Association/American Congress on Surveying and Mapping form surveys, for which all necessary fees (where applicable) have been paid, certified to the Collateral Agent

 

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and the issuer of the Mortgage Policies in a manner reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent by a land surveyor duly registered and licensed in the States in which the property described in such surveys is located and reasonably acceptable to the Collateral Agent and sufficient for the title company to remove the general survey exception and issue survey-related endorsements for the Mortgage Policies; provided that new or updated surveys will not be required if an existing survey, ExpressMap or other similar documentation is available and survey coverage is available for the Mortgage Policies without the need for such new or updated surveys and provided, further, this foregoing requirement shall only be in connection with any Material Real Property located in the United States;

(iv)     in each case with respect to any Material Real Property (and any other Mortgaged Properties located in the same state as any such Material Real Property), customary opinions of local counsel to the Loan Parties in jurisdictions in which the Mortgaged Property is located, with respect to the enforceability and perfection of the Mortgages and, if applicable any related fixture filings, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent;

(v)     customary opinions of counsel to the Loan Parties in the states in which the Loan Parties party to the Mortgages are organized or formed, with respect to the valid existence, corporate power and authority of such Loan Parties in the granting of the Mortgages, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent;

(vi)     with respect to each improved Mortgaged Property, a “Life-of Loan” Federal Emergency Management Agency Standard Flood Hazard Determination and, to the extent such Mortgaged Property is located in a special flood hazard area, a notice about special flood hazard area status and flood disaster assistance, duly executed by the Borrowers and each Loan Party relating thereto and evidence of flood insurance required by Section 6.07 hereof;

(vii)     evidence that all other actions reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent, that are necessary in order to create valid and subsisting Liens on the property described in the Mortgage, have been taken; and

(viii)     evidence that all documented and invoiced fees, costs and expenses have been paid in connection with the preparation, execution, filing and recordation of the Mortgages, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, filing and recording fees, title insurance company coordination fees, documentary stamp, mortgage and intangible taxes and title search charges and other charges incurred in connection with the recordation of the Mortgages and the other matters described in this Section 6.14 and as otherwise required to be paid in connection therewith under Section 10.04.

Section 6.15     Maintenance of Ratings. Use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain and maintain (but not obtain or maintain a specific rating) (i) a public corporate family rating of the Parent Borrower and a rating of the Facility, in each case from Moody’s, and (ii) a public corporate credit rating of the Parent Borrower and a rating of the Facility, in each case from S&P (it being understood and agreed that “commercially reasonable efforts” shall in any event include the payment by the Parent Borrower of customary rating agency fees and cooperation with information and data requests by Moody’s and S&P in connection with their ratings process).

Section 6.16     Post-Closing Undertakings. Within the time periods specified on Schedule 6.16 hereto (as each may be extended by the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion), provide such Collateral Documents and complete such undertakings as are set forth on Schedule 6.16 hereto.

Section 6.17     No Change in Line of Business. Continue to engage in substantially similar lines of business as those lines of business conducted by the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries on the date hereof including any business reasonably related, complementary, synergistic or ancillary thereto or reasonable extensions thereof.

Section 6.18     Transactions with Affiliates.

 

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(a)     The Parent Borrower will not, and will not permit any of its Subsidiaries to, directly or indirectly, make any payment to, or sell, lease, transfer or otherwise dispose of any of its properties or assets to, or purchase any property or assets from, or enter into or make or amend any transaction or series of transactions, contract, agreement, understanding, loan, advance or guarantee with, or for the benefit of, any Affiliate of the Parent Borrower involving aggregate consideration in excess of $8,050,000 (each of the foregoing, an “Affiliate Transaction”), unless:

(i)     such Affiliate Transaction is on terms that are not materially less favorable to the Parent Borrower or the relevant Subsidiary than those that could have been obtained in a comparable transaction by the Parent Borrower or such Subsidiary with an unrelated Person on an arm’s length basis; and

(ii)     with respect to any Affiliate Transaction or series of related Affiliate Transactions involving aggregate consideration in excess of $11,500,000, the Parent Borrower delivers to the Administrative Agent a resolution adopted in good faith by the majority of the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company, approving such Affiliate Transaction, together with a certificate signed by a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower certifying that the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company determined or resolved that such Affiliate Transaction complies with Section 6.18(a)(i).

(b)     The provisions of Section 6.18(a) shall not apply to the following:

(1)     (a) transactions between or among the Loan Parties (other than Holdings) and/or any of its Subsidiaries (or an entity that becomes a Subsidiary as a result of such transaction) and (b) any merger, amalgamation or consolidation of the Parent Borrower and Holdings or any Parent Holding Company; provided that such parent entity shall have no material liabilities and no material assets (other than cash, Cash Equivalents and the Capital Stock of the Parent Borrower) and such merger, amalgamation or consolidation is otherwise in compliance with the terms of this Agreement and effected for a bona fide business purpose;

(2)     (a) Restricted Payments permitted by Section 7.05 and (b) Permitted Investments (other than Permitted Investments under clause (13) of the definition thereof);

(3)     transactions in which the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary, as the case may be, delivers to the Administrative Agent a letter from an Independent Financial Advisor stating that such transaction is fair to the Parent Borrower or such Subsidiary from a financial point of view or meets the requirements of Section 6.18(a)(i);

(4)     payments, loans, advances or guarantees (or cancellation of loans, advances or guarantees) to employees, officers, directors, managers, consultants or independent contractors for bona fide business purposes or in the ordinary course of business;

(5)     any agreement or arrangement as in effect as of the Closing Date (other than the Management Agreement) or as thereafter amended, supplemented or replaced (so long as such amendment, supplement or replacement agreement is not materially disadvantageous (as determined in good faith by the senior management of the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower) to the Lenders when taken as a whole as compared to the original agreement or arrangement as in effect on the Closing Date) or any transaction or payments contemplated thereby;

(6)     the Management Agreement or any transaction or payments (including reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses or payments under any indemnity obligations) contemplated thereby;

(7)     the existence of, or the performance by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries of its obligations under the terms of, any stockholders or similar agreement (including any registration rights agreement or purchase agreement related thereto) to which it is a party as of the Closing Date or similar transactions, arrangements or agreements which it may enter into thereafter; provided, however, that the

 

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existence of, or the performance by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries of its obligations under, any future amendment to any such existing transaction, arrangement or agreement or under any similar transaction, arrangement or agreement entered into after the Closing Date shall only be permitted by this clause (7) to the extent that the terms of any such existing transaction, arrangement or agreement, together with all amendments thereto, taken as a whole, or new transaction, arrangement or agreement are not otherwise disadvantageous (as determined in good faith by the senior management of the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower) to the Lenders, in any material respect when taken as a whole as compared with the original transaction, arrangement or agreement as in effect on the Closing Date;

(8)     transactions with customers, clients, suppliers or purchasers or sellers of goods or services, in each case, in the ordinary course of business and otherwise in compliance with the terms of this Agreement, which are fair to the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries or are on terms at least as favorable as might reasonably have been obtained at such time from an unaffiliated party (as determined in good faith by the senior management of the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Borrower);

(9)     any transaction effected as part of a Qualified Receivables Financing;

(10)     the sale, issuance or transfer of Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Stock) of the Parent Borrower;

(11)     payments by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries to the Sponsor made for any financial advisory, financing, underwriting or placement services or in respect of other investment banking activities, including, without limitation, in connection with acquisitions or divestitures, which payments are approved by a majority of the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company in good faith or a majority of the disinterested members of the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company in good faith;

(12)     any contribution to the capital of the Parent Borrower (other than Disqualified Stock) or any investments by the Sponsor or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower in Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Stock) of the Parent Borrower (and payment of reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Sponsor or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower in connection therewith);

(13)     any transaction with a Person that would constitute an Affiliate Transaction solely because the Parent Borrower or a Subsidiary owns an Equity Interest in or otherwise controls such Person; provided that no Affiliate of the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries (other than the Parent Borrower or a Subsidiary) shall have a beneficial interest or otherwise participate in such Person;

(14)     transactions between the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries and any Person that would constitute an Affiliate Transaction solely because such Person is a director or such Person has a director which is also a director of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower; provided, however, that such director abstains from voting as a director of the Parent Borrower or such direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, as the case may be, on any matter involving such other Person;

(15)     the entering into of any tax sharing agreement or arrangement and any payments pursuant thereto, in each case to the extent permitted by clause (13), (14)(a) or (14)(e) of the second paragraph under Section 7.05;

(16)     transactions to effect the Transactions and payment of all transaction, underwriting, commitment and other fees and expenses related to the Transactions (including the Transaction Costs);

(17)     [reserved];

 

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(18)     the issuances of securities or other payments, awards or grants in cash, securities or otherwise pursuant to, or the funding of, employment arrangements, equity purchase agreements, stock options and stock ownership plans or similar employee benefit plans approved by the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company or of a Subsidiary, as appropriate, in good faith;

(19)     (i) any employment, consulting, service or termination agreement, or customary indemnification arrangements, entered into by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries with current, former or future officers, directors, employees, managers, consultants and independent contractors of the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries (or of any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower to the extent such agreements or arrangements are in respect of services performed for the Parent Borrower or any of the Subsidiaries), (ii) any subscription agreement or similar agreement pertaining to the repurchase of Equity Interests pursuant to put/call rights or similar rights with current, former or future officers, directors, employees, managers, consultants and independent contractors of the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries or of any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower and (iii) any payment of compensation or other employee compensation, benefit plan or arrangement, any health, disability or similar insurance plan which covers officers, directors, employees, managers, consultants and independent contractors of the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower (including amounts paid pursuant to any management equity plan or any other management or employee benefit plan or agreement or any stock subscription or shareholder agreement, stock option or similar plans and any successor plan thereto and any supplemental executive retirement benefit plans or arrangements), in each case in the ordinary course of business or as otherwise approved in good faith by the Board of Directors of Parent Borrower, Holdings or any Parent Holding Company or of a Subsidiary or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, as appropriate;

(20)     investments by Affiliates in Indebtedness or preferred Equity Interests of the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries, so long as non-Affiliates were also offered the opportunity to invest in such Indebtedness or preferred Equity Interests, and transactions with Affiliates solely in their capacity as holders of Indebtedness or preferred Equity Interests of the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries, so long as such transaction is with all holders of such class (and there are such non-Affiliate holders) and such Affiliates are treated no more favorably than all other holders of such class generally;

(21)     the existence of, or the performance by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries of their obligations under the terms of, any registration rights agreement to which they are a party or become a party in the future;

(22)     investments by the Sponsor or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower in securities of the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary (and payment of reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Sponsor or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower in connection therewith);

(23)     transactions with joint ventures for the purchase or sale of goods, equipment and services entered into in the ordinary course of business;

(24)     any lease entered into between the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary, as lessee, and any Affiliate of the Parent Borrower, as lessor, in the ordinary course of business;

(25)     (i) intellectual property licenses in the ordinary course of business and (ii) intercompany intellectual property licenses and research and development agreements in the ordinary course of business;

(26)     transactions pursuant to, and complying with, Section 7.01 (to the extent such transaction complies with Section 6.18(a)) or Section 7.03; or

(27)     intercompany transactions undertaken in good faith for the purpose of improving the tax efficiency of the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries and not for the purpose of circumventing any covenant set forth herein.

 

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Section 6.19     Lender Conference Calls. After the date of delivery of the annual and quarterly financial information required pursuant to Section 6.01(a) and (b), the Parent Borrower will hold and participate in quarterly conference calls or teleconferences at a time selected by the Parent Borrower and reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, with all of the Lenders that choose to participate, to review the financial results of the previous fiscal year of the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries.

ARTICLE VII.

Negative Covenants

So long as any Lender shall have any Commitment hereunder, any Loan or other Obligation (other than contingent indemnification obligations as to which no claim has been asserted) hereunder shall remain unpaid or unsatisfied, (A) except with respect to Section 7.09, the Parent Borrower shall not, nor shall they permit any other Subsidiary to, directly or indirectly and (B) with respect to Section 7.09, Holdings shall not:

Section 7.01     Indebtedness.   Directly or indirectly, Incur any Indebtedness (including Acquired Indebtedness) or issue any shares of Disqualified Stock, and the Parent Borrower will not permit any of its Subsidiaries to issue any shares of Preferred Stock; provided, however, that the Parent Borrower and any Subsidiary may incur Indebtedness (including Acquired Indebtedness) or issue shares of Disqualified Stock and any Subsidiary may issue shares of Preferred Stock, in each case if (1) in the case of Indebtedness that is secured by the Collateral on a pari passu basis with the Lien securing the First Lien Obligations, the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio for the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries calculated on a Pro Forma Basis (including pro forma application of the proceeds therefrom, but excluding the cash proceeds therefrom in calculating such Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio) as of the date on which such additional Indebtedness is Incurred or such Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock is issued would be no greater than 5.00 to 1.00, and/or (2) in the case of Indebtedness that is secured by the Collateral on a pari passu or junior lien basis to the Lien securing the Obligations, the Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio for the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries (including pro forma application of the proceeds therefrom, but excluding the cash proceeds therefrom in calculating such Consolidated Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio) as of the date on which such additional Indebtedness is Incurred would be no greater than 7.25 to 1.00 and/or (3) in the case of unsecured Indebtedness, the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio for the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries calculated on a Pro Forma Basis (including pro forma application of the proceeds therefrom, but excluding the cash proceeds therefrom in calculating such Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio) as of the date on which such additional Indebtedness is Incurred or such Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock is issued would be no greater than 7.25 to 1.00 (collectively, “Ratio Debt”); provided, further, that the Ratio Debt satisfies the Permitted Other Debt Conditions; provided, further, that the aggregate amount of Indebtedness (including Acquired Indebtedness) that may be Incurred and Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock that may be issued pursuant to the foregoing by Subsidiaries that are not Loan Parties (together with the aggregate amount of Indebtedness that may be incurred or assumed and Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock that may be issued pursuant to clause (o) of the second paragraph of this Section 7.01 by Subsidiaries that are not Loan Parties) shall not exceed $23,000,000, at any one time outstanding, on a Pro Forma Basis (including pro forma application of the proceeds therefrom).

The foregoing limitations will not apply to (collectively, “Permitted Debt”):

(a)     (x) Indebtedness arising under the Loan Documents including any refinancing thereof in accordance with Section 2.18, (y) Indebtedness of the Loan Parties evidenced by Refinancing Notes and any Permitted Refinancing thereof (or successive Permitted Refinancings thereof) and (z) Indebtedness of the Loan Parties evidenced by New Incremental Notes and any Permitted Refinancing thereof (or successive Permitted Refinancings thereof);

(b)     Indebtedness Incurred under the First Lien Credit Agreement on the Closing Date by the Borrowers or any Guarantor in an aggregate outstanding principal amount at any time outstanding not to exceed $300,000,000, plus the aggregate principal amount of any First Lien Incremental Loans or First Lien Incremental Notes incurred after the Closing Date and permitted to be incurred under the First Lien Credit Agreement, in each case as in effect on the Closing Date, and any Permitted Refinancing thereof (or successive Permitted Refinancings thereof);

 

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(c)     Indebtedness of the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries (other than Indebtedness described in clause (a) or (b) above) that is existing on the Closing Date and listed on Schedule 7.01;

(d)     Indebtedness (including, without limitation, Capitalized Lease Obligations and mortgage financings as purchase money obligations) Incurred by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries, Disqualified Stock issued by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries and Preferred Stock issued by any Subsidiaries to finance all or any part of the purchase, lease, construction, installation, repair or improvement of property (real or personal), plant or equipment or other fixed or capital assets (whether through the direct purchase of assets or the Equity Interests of any Person owning such assets) and Indebtedness arising from the conversion of the obligations of the Borrowers or any Subsidiary under or pursuant to any “synthetic lease” transactions to on-balance sheet Indebtedness of such Borrower or such Subsidiary, in an aggregate principal amount or liquidation preference, including all Indebtedness Incurred and Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued to renew, refund, refinance, replace, defease or discharge any Indebtedness Incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued pursuant to this clause (d), not to exceed $16,100,000, at any one time outstanding, plus, in the case of any refinancing of any Indebtedness permitted under this clause (d) or any portion thereof, the aggregate amount of fees, underwriting discounts, accrued and unpaid interest, premiums and other costs and expenses incurred in connection with such refinancing; provided that Capitalized Lease Obligations Incurred by the Borrowers or any Subsidiary pursuant to this clause (d) in connection with a Sale/Leaseback Transaction shall not be subject to the foregoing limitation so long as the proceeds of such Sale/Leaseback Transaction are used by such Borrower or such Subsidiary to permanently repay outstanding Loans under this Agreement or other Pari Passu Indebtedness;

(e)     Indebtedness Incurred by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries constituting reimbursement obligations with respect to letters of credit or bank guarantees or similar instruments issued in the ordinary course of business, including, without limitation, (i) letters of credit or performance or surety bonds in respect of workers’ compensation claims, health, disability or other employee benefits (whether current or former) or property, casualty or liability insurance or self-insurance, or other Indebtedness with respect to reimbursement-type obligations regarding workers’ compensation claims, health, disability or other employee benefits (whether current or former) or property, casualty or liability insurance and (ii) guarantees of Indebtedness Incurred by customers in connection with the purchase or other acquisition of equipment or supplies in the ordinary course of business;

(f)     Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock arising from agreements of the Borrowers or their Subsidiaries providing for indemnification, earn-outs, adjustment of purchase or acquisition price or similar obligations, in each case, Incurred in connection with the Transactions or with the acquisition or disposition of any business, assets or a Subsidiary of a Borrower in accordance with this Agreement, other than guarantees of Indebtedness Incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued by any Person acquiring all or any portion of such business, assets or Subsidiary for the purpose of financing such acquisition;

(g)     Indebtedness or Disqualified Stock of a Borrower owing to a Subsidiary; provided that (x) such Indebtedness or Disqualified Stock owing to a Non-Loan Party shall be subordinated in right of payment to such Borrower’s Obligations with respect to this Agreement pursuant to the Intercompany Subordination Agreement and (y) any subsequent issuance or transfer of any Capital Stock or any other event which results in any such Subsidiary ceasing to be a Subsidiary or any other subsequent transfer of any such Indebtedness or Disqualified Stock (except to a Borrower or another Subsidiary) shall be deemed, in each case, to be an Incurrence of such Indebtedness or issuance of a such Disqualified Stock not permitted by this clause (g);

(h)     shares of Preferred Stock of a Subsidiary issued to a Borrower or another Subsidiary; provided that any subsequent issuance or transfer of any Capital Stock or any other event that results in any Subsidiary that holds such shares of Preferred Stock of another Subsidiary ceasing to be a Subsidiary or any other subsequent transfer of any such shares of Preferred Stock (except to a Borrower or another Subsidiary) shall be deemed, in each case, to be an issuance of shares of Preferred Stock not permitted by this clause (h);

 

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(i)     Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of a Subsidiary or a Borrower owing to another Borrower or another Subsidiary; provided that (x) if a Borrower or a Loan Party Incurs such Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock owing to a Non-Loan Party, such Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock is subordinated in right of payment to such Borrower’s Obligations or Guarantee of such Loan Party, as applicable, pursuant to the Intercompany Subordination Agreement and (y) any subsequent issuance or transfer of any Capital Stock or any other event that results in any Subsidiary lending such Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock ceasing to be a Subsidiary or any other subsequent transfer of any such Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock (except to a Borrower or another Subsidiary) shall be deemed, in each case, to be an Incurrence of such Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock not permitted by this clause (i);

(j)     Swap Contracts and cash management services Incurred, other than for speculative purposes;

(k)     obligations (including reimbursement obligations with respect to letters of credit or bank guarantees or similar instruments) in respect of customs, self-insurance, performance, bid, appeal and surety bonds and completion guarantees and similar obligations provided by any Borrower or any Subsidiary;

(l)     Indebtedness or Disqualified Stock of any Borrower or any of their Subsidiaries and Preferred Stock of any of their Subsidiaries in an aggregate principal amount or liquidation preference that, when aggregated with the principal amount or liquidation preference of all other Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock and Preferred Stock then outstanding and Incurred pursuant to this clause (l), does not exceed $23,000,000, at any one time outstanding, plus, in the case of any refinancing of any Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock permitted under this clause (l) or any portion thereof, the aggregate amount of fees, underwriting discounts, accrued and unpaid interest, original issue discount, premiums (including tender premiums), defeasance costs and other costs and expenses incurred in connection with such refinancing (it being understood that any Indebtedness Incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued pursuant to this clause (l) shall cease to be deemed Incurred, issued or outstanding pursuant to this clause (l) but shall be deemed Incurred or issued and outstanding as Ratio Debt from and after the first date on which such Borrower or such Subsidiary, as the case may be, could have Incurred such Indebtedness or issued such Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock as Ratio Debt (to the extent such Borrower or such Subsidiary is able to Incur any Liens related thereto as Permitted Liens after such reclassification);

(m)     any guarantee by a Borrower or a Subsidiary of Indebtedness or other obligations of any Borrower or any of their Subsidiaries so long as the incurrence of such Indebtedness or other obligations by such Borrower or such Subsidiary is permitted under the terms of this Agreement;

(n)     the Incurrence by any Borrower or any of their Subsidiaries of Indebtedness or the incurrence of Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of a Subsidiary that serves to refund, refinance, replace, redeem, repurchase, retire or defease, and is in an aggregate principal amount (or if issued with original issue discount an aggregate issue price) that is equal to or less than, Indebtedness incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued as Ratio Debt or permitted under clause (c), this clause (n), clause (o) or clause (r) of this Section 7.01 or subclause (y) of clauses (d), (l), (t), (cc) or (dd) of this Section 7.01 (provided that any amounts incurred under this clause (n) as Refinancing Indebtedness of subclause (y) of these clauses shall reduce the amount available under such subclause (y) of such clauses so long as such Refinancing Indebtedness remains outstanding or any Indebtedness Incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued to so refund, replace, refinance, redeem, repurchase, retire or defease such Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock remains outstanding), plus any additional Indebtedness Incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued to pay unpaid accrued interest and the aggregate amount of original issue discount, premiums (including reasonable tender premiums), and underwriting discounts, defeasance costs and fees and expenses in connection therewith (subject to the following proviso, “Refinancing Indebtedness”); provided, however, that such Refinancing Indebtedness:

 

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(1)     has a Weighted Average Life to Maturity at the time such Refinancing Indebtedness is Incurred that is not less than the remaining Weighted Average Life to Maturity of the Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock being refunded, refinanced, replaced, redeemed, repurchased or retired (which, in the case of bridge loans, shall be determined by reference to the notes or loans into which such bridge loans are converted or for which such bridge loans are exchanged at maturity and will be subject to other customary offers to repurchase or mandatory prepayments upon a change of control, asset sale or event of loss and customary acceleration rights after an event of default);

(2)     in the case of any revolving Indebtedness, has a Stated Maturity that is no earlier than the Stated Maturity of the Indebtedness being refunded, refinanced, replaced, redeemed, repurchased or retired (which, in the case of bridge loans, shall be determined by reference to the notes or loans into which such bridge loans are converted or for which such bridge loans are exchanged at maturity and will be subject to other customary offers to repurchase or mandatory prepayments upon a change of control, asset sale or event of loss and customary acceleration rights after an event of default);

(3)     to the extent that such Refinancing Indebtedness refinances (i) Subordinated Indebtedness, such Refinancing Indebtedness is Subordinated Indebtedness or (ii) Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, such Refinancing Indebtedness is Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, respectively; and

(4)     shall not include Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of a Non-Loan Party that refinances Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of a Borrower or a Guarantor;

provided that subclauses (1) and (2) will not apply to any refunding or refinancing of any secured Indebtedness (other than Indebtedness secured on a pari passu basis with, or junior lien basis to, the Obligations);

(o)     [reserved];

(p)     Indebtedness arising from the honoring by a bank or other financial institution of a check, draft or similar instrument drawn against insufficient funds in the ordinary course of business;

(q)     Indebtedness of any Borrower or any Subsidiary supported by a letter of credit or bank guarantee issued pursuant to any credit facility permitted hereunder, so long as such letter of credit has not been terminated and is in a principal amount not in excess of the stated amount of such letter of credit or bank guarantee;

(r)     Contribution Indebtedness;

(s)     Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of any Borrower or any Subsidiary consisting of (x) the financing of insurance premiums or (y) take-or-pay obligations contained in supply arrangements, in each case, in the ordinary course of business;

(t)     Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of Non-Loan Parties in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $20,125,000, at any one time outstanding, plus, in the case of any refinancing of any Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock permitted under this clause (t) or any portion thereof, the aggregate amount of accrued and unpaid interest, original issue discount, premiums (including tender premiums), and underwriting discounts, defeasance costs and fees and expenses Incurred in connection with such refinancing, outstanding at any one time (it being understood that any Indebtedness Incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued pursuant to this clause (t) shall cease to be deemed Incurred, issued or outstanding pursuant to this clause (t) but shall be deemed Incurred or issued and outstanding as Ratio Debt from and after the first date on which such Borrower or such Subsidiary, as the

 

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case may be, could have Incurred such Indebtedness or issued such Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock as Ratio Debt (to the extent such Borrower or such Subsidiary is able to Incur any Liens related thereto as Permitted Liens after such reclassification);

(u)     Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of a joint venture to a Borrower or a Subsidiary and to the other holders of Equity Interests or participants of such joint venture, so long as the percentage of the aggregate amount of such Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of such joint venture owed to such holders of its Equity Interests or participants of such joint venture does not exceed the percentage of the aggregate outstanding amount of the Equity Interests of such joint venture held by such holders or such participant’s participation in such joint venture;

(v)     Indebtedness Incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued by a Receivables Subsidiary in a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing that is not recourse to any Borrower or any Subsidiary other than (x) a Receivables Subsidiary (except for Standard Securitization Undertakings) or (y) a Person described in the definition of “Factoring Transaction”;

(w)     Indebtedness owed on a short-term basis to banks and other financial institutions incurred in the ordinary course of business of the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries with such banks or financial institutions that arises in connection with ordinary banking arrangements, including cash management, cash pooling arrangements and related activities to manage cash balances of the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries and joint ventures including treasury, depository, overdraft, credit, purchasing or debit card, electronic funds transfer and other cash management arrangements and Indebtedness in respect of netting services, overdraft protection, credit card programs, automatic clearinghouse arrangements and similar arrangements;

(x)     Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock consisting of Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued by any Borrower or any Subsidiary to future, current or former officers, directors, managers, employees, consultants and independent contractors thereof or any direct or indirect parent thereof, their respective estates, heirs, family members, spouses or former spouses, in each case to finance the purchase or redemption of Equity Interests of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers to the extent permitted under Section 7.05;

(y)     customer deposits and advance payments received in the ordinary course of business from customers for goods purchased in the ordinary course of business;

(z)     Indebtedness Incurred by a Borrower or a Subsidiary in connection with bankers’ acceptances, discounted bills of exchange, warehouse receipts or similar facilities or the discounting or factoring of receivables for credit management purposes, in each case incurred or undertaken in the ordinary course of business;

(aa)     [reserved];

(bb)     (i) guarantees Incurred in the ordinary course of business in respect of obligations to suppliers, customers, franchisees, lessors, licensees, sub-licensees and distribution partners and (ii) Indebtedness Incurred by a Borrower or a Subsidiary as a result of leases entered into by such Borrower or such Subsidiary or any Permitted Parent in the ordinary course of business;

(cc)     the Incurrence by any Borrower or any Subsidiary of Indebtedness Incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued on behalf, or representing guarantees of Indebtedness incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued by, joint ventures; provided that the aggregate principal amount or liquidation preference, as applicable, of Indebtedness incurred or guaranteed or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued or guaranteed pursuant to this clause (cc) does not at any one time outstanding exceed $8,050,000 at any one time outstanding, plus, in the case of any refinancing of any Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock permitted under this clause (cc) or any portion thereof, the aggregate amount of fees, underwriting discounts, accrued and unpaid interest, premiums and other

 

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costs and expenses incurred in connection with such refinancing (it being understood that any Indebtedness Incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued pursuant to this clause (cc) shall cease to be deemed Incurred, issued or outstanding pursuant to this clause (cc) but shall be deemed Incurred or issued and outstanding as Ratio Debt from and after the first date on which such Borrower or such Subsidiary, as the case may be, could have Incurred such Indebtedness or issued such Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock as Ratio Debt (to the extent such Borrower or such Subsidiary is able to Incur any Liens related thereto as Permitted Liens after such reclassification);

(dd)     Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of a Borrower or a Subsidiary assumed in connection with an acquisition of any assets (including Capital Stock), business or Person in an aggregate principal amount or liquidation preference that does not exceed $18,400,000, at any one time outstanding, plus, in the case of any refinancing of any Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock permitted under this clause (dd) or any portion thereof, the aggregate amount of fees, underwriting discounts, accrued and unpaid interest, premiums and other costs and expenses incurred in connection with such refinancing (it being understood that any Indebtedness Incurred or Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock issued pursuant to this clause (dd) shall cease to be deemed Incurred, issued or outstanding pursuant to this clause (dd) but shall be deemed Incurred or issued and outstanding as Ratio Debt from and after the first date on which such Borrower or such Subsidiary, as the case may be, could have Incurred such Indebtedness or issued such Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock as Ratio Debt (to the extent such Borrower or such Subsidiary is able to Incur any Liens related thereto as Permitted Liens after such reclassification);

(ee)     Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock consisting of obligations of any Borrower or any Subsidiary under deferred compensation or other similar arrangements incurred by such Person in connection with the Transactions or any Permitted Investment;

(ff)     unfunded pension fund and other employee benefit plan obligations and liabilities to the extent that they are permitted to remain unfunded under applicable law; and

(gg)     Indebtedness Incurred in connection with a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing, in each case, which constitutes Standard Securitization Undertakings.

For purposes of determining compliance with this Section 7.01, in the event that an item of Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock (or any portion thereof) meets the criteria of more than one of the categories of Permitted Debt or is entitled to be incurred or issued as Ratio Debt, the Parent Borrower shall, in its sole discretion, at the time of incurrence or issuance, divide, classify or reclassify, or at any later time divide, classify or reclassify, such item of Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock (or any portion thereof) in any manner that complies with this Section 7.01; provided that all Indebtedness under this Agreement incurred on the Closing Date shall be deemed to have been Incurred pursuant to Section 7.01(a) and all Indebtedness under the First Lien Credit Agreement on the Closing Date shall be deemed to have been Incurred pursuant to Section 7.01(b) and the Parent Borrower shall not be permitted to reclassify all or any portion of Indebtedness Incurred on the Closing Date pursuant to Section 7.01(a) or 7.01(b). Accrual of interest or dividends, the accretion of accreted value, the accretion or amortization of original issue discount, the payment of interest or dividends in the form of additional Indebtedness with the same terms, the payment of dividends on Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock in the form of additional shares of Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of the same class, the accretion of liquidation preference and increases in the amount of Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock outstanding solely as a result of fluctuations in the exchange rate of currencies will not be deemed to be an Incurrence of Indebtedness or issuance of Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock for purposes of this Section 7.01. Guarantees of, or obligations in respect of letters of credit relating to, Indebtedness that are otherwise included in the determination of a particular amount of Indebtedness shall not be included in the determination of such amount of Indebtedness; provided that the Incurrence of the Indebtedness represented by such guarantee or letter of credit, as the case may be, was in compliance with this Section 7.01.

For purposes of determining compliance with any U.S. dollar-denominated restriction on the Incurrence of Indebtedness or the issuance of Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, the U.S. dollar-equivalent principal amount or liquidation preference, as applicable, of Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock denominated in a

 

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foreign currency shall be calculated based on the relevant currency exchange rate in effect on the date such Indebtedness was Incurred, in the case of term debt, or first committed or first Incurred (whichever yields the lower U.S. dollar-equivalent), in the case of revolving credit debt or such Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock was issued; provided that if such Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock is Incurred to refinance other Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock denominated in a foreign currency, and such refinancing would cause the applicable U.S. dollar-denominated restriction to be exceeded if calculated at the relevant currency exchange rate in effect on the date of such refinancing, such U.S. dollar-denominated restriction shall be deemed not to have been exceeded so long as the principal amount or liquidation preference, as applicable, of such Refinancing Indebtedness does not exceed the principal amount or liquidation preference, as applicable, of such Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, as the case may be, being refinanced (plus unpaid accrued interest and the aggregate amount of premiums (including reasonable tender premiums) and underwriting discounts, defeasance costs and fees, discounts and expenses in connection therewith).

The principal amount or liquidation preference, as applicable, of any Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, as the case may be, Incurred to refinance other Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, if Incurred in a different currency from the Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock, as the case may be, being refinanced, shall be calculated based on the currency exchange rate applicable to the currencies in which such respective Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock is denominated that is in effect on the date of such refinancing.

Section 7.02     Limitations on Liens.

Permit the Borrowers or any Subsidiary to, create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Lien upon any property or assets of any kind (real or personal, tangible or intangible) of the Borrowers or any Subsidiary, whether now owned or hereafter acquired (each, a “Subject Lien”) that secures obligations under any Indebtedness on any asset or property of the Borrowers or any Subsidiary, except:

(a)     in the case of Subject Liens on any Collateral, such Subject Lien is a Permitted Lien; and

(b)     in the case of any other asset or property, any Subject Lien if (i) the Obligations are equally and ratably secured with (or on a senior basis to, in the case such Subject Lien secures any Junior Financing) the obligations secured by such Subject Lien or (ii) such Subject Lien is a Permitted Lien.

Any Lien created for the benefit of the Secured Parties pursuant to the preceding clause (b) shall provide by its terms that such Lien shall be automatically and unconditionally be released and discharged upon the release and discharge of the Subject Lien that gave rise to the obligation to so secure the Obligations.

Section 7.03     Fundamental Changes. Merge, dissolve, liquidate, amalgamate, consolidate with or into another Person, or Dispose of (whether in one transaction or in a series of transactions) all or substantially all of its assets (whether now owned or hereafter acquired) to or in favor of any Person, except that, (other than in the case of clause (e) below) so long as no Event of Default would result therefrom:

(a)     any Subsidiary may merge, amalgamate or consolidate with (i) a Borrower (including a merger, the purpose of which is to reorganize such Borrower into a new jurisdiction in any State of the United States); provided that such Borrower shall be the continuing or surviving Person or the surviving Person shall expressly assume the obligations of such Borrower pursuant to documents reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and such Borrower (or, if not such Borrower, the surviving Person) shall be a corporation or a limited liability company organized under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia or (ii) any one or more other Subsidiaries; provided that (x) any Subsidiary that is not a Controlled Foreign Subsidiary or a FSHCO may not merge with any Subsidiary that is a Controlled Foreign Subsidiary or a FSHCO if such Controlled Foreign Subsidiary or such FSHCO shall be the continuing or surviving Person and (y) when any Guarantor is merging with another Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party (A) the Guarantor shall be the continuing or surviving Person, (B) to the extent constituting an Investment, such Investment must be a Permitted Investment or Indebtedness of a Subsidiary which is not a Loan Party in accordance with Section 7.01, respectively and (C) to the extent constituting a Disposition, such Disposition must be permitted hereunder;

 

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(b)     (i) any Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party may merge, amalgamate or consolidate with or into any other Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party and (ii) any Subsidiary (other than a Borrower) may liquidate or dissolve, or any Borrower or any Subsidiary may (if the validity, perfection and priority of the Liens securing the Obligations is not adversely affected thereby) change its legal form if the Parent Borrower determines in good faith that such action is in the best interest of Holdings and its Subsidiaries and is not disadvantageous to the Lenders in any material respect (it being understood that in the case of any dissolution of a Subsidiary that is a Guarantor, such Subsidiary shall at or before the time of such dissolution transfer its assets to another Subsidiary that is a Guarantor in the same jurisdiction or a different jurisdiction reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent unless such Disposition of assets is permitted hereunder; and in the case of any change in legal form, a Subsidiary that is a Guarantor will remain a Guarantor unless such Guarantor is otherwise permitted to cease being a Guarantor hereunder);

(c)     any Subsidiary may Dispose of all or substantially all of its assets (upon voluntary liquidation or otherwise) to any Borrower or to any Subsidiary; provided that if the transferor in such a transaction is a Borrower or a Guarantor, then (i) the transferee must either be a Borrower or a Guarantor in the same jurisdiction or a different jurisdiction reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and (ii) to the extent constituting an Investment, such Investment must be a Permitted Investment or Indebtedness of a Subsidiary which is not a Loan Party in accordance with Section 7.01, respectively; provided, further, that the Borrowers may Dispose of all or substantially all of their assets (upon voluntary liquidation or otherwise) to any other Loan Party;

(d)     any Subsidiary (other than a Borrower) may merge, amalgamate or consolidate with, or dissolve into, any other Person in order to effect Permitted Investment; provided that (i) the continuing or surviving Person shall, to the extent subject to the terms hereof, have complied with the requirements of Section 6.12 and (ii) to the extent constituting an Investment, such Investment must be a Permitted Investment and (iii) to the extent constituting a Disposition, such Disposition must be permitted hereunder;

(e)    [reserved];

(f)     any Subsidiary (other than a Borrower) may merge, dissolve, liquidate, amalgamate, consolidate with or into another Person in order to effect a Disposition permitted pursuant to Section 7.04 (other than Dispositions permitted by Section 7.03); and

(g)     any Permitted Investment may be structured as a merger, consolidation or amalgamation of a Subsidiary that is not a Borrower.

Section 7.04     Asset Sales. Cause or make an Asset Sale, unless:

(1)     the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries, as the case may be, receive consideration (including by way of relief from, or by any other person assuming responsibility for, any liabilities, contingent or otherwise) at the time of such Asset Sale at least equal to the Fair Market Value (as determined at the time of contractually agreeing to such Asset Sale) of the assets sold or otherwise disposed of; and

(2)     except in the case of a Permitted Asset Swap, at least 75% of the consideration therefor received by such Borrower or such Subsidiary, as the case may be, is in the form of cash or Cash Equivalents or Replacement Assets; provided, that the amount of:

(a)     any liabilities (as shown on such Borrower’s or such Subsidiary’s most recent balance sheet or in the notes thereto for which internal financial statements are available immediately preceding such date or, if incurred or accrued subsequent to the date of such balance sheet, such liabilities that would have been reflected on such Borrower’s or such Subsidiary’s balance sheet or in the footnotes thereto if such incurrence or accrual had taken place on or prior to the date of such balance sheet in the good faith determination of the Borrower) of such Borrower or such Subsidiary other than liabilities that are by their terms subordinated to the Obligations or

 

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are otherwise extinguished in connection with the transactions relating to such Asset Sale, or that are assumed by the transferee of any such assets or Equity Interests pursuant to an agreement that releases or indemnifies such Borrower or such Subsidiary, as the case may be, from further liability;

(b)     any notes or other obligations or other securities or assets received by such Borrower or such Subsidiary from such transferee that are converted by such Borrower or such Subsidiary into cash or Cash Equivalents, or by their terms are required to be satisfied for cash or Cash Equivalents (to the extent of the cash or Cash Equivalents received) within 180 days of the receipt thereof; and

(c)     any Designated Non-Cash Consideration received by the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries in such Asset Sale having an aggregate Fair Market Value, taken together with all other Designated Non-Cash Consideration received pursuant to this clause (c) that is at that time outstanding, not to exceed $17,825,000, calculated at the time of the receipt of such Designated Non-Cash Consideration (with the Fair Market Value of each item of Designated Non-Cash Consideration being measured at the time received and without giving effect to subsequent changes in value);

shall each be deemed to be Cash Equivalents for the purposes of this clause (2).

Within 18 months after any Borrower’s or any Subsidiary’s receipt of the Net Cash Proceeds of any Asset Sale or Casualty Event, such Borrower or such Subsidiary shall apply an amount equal to the Net Cash Proceeds from such Asset Sale or such Casualty Event, at its option:

(3)     to prepay Loans and other Permitted Debt in accordance with Section 2.05(b)(ii) (or, prior to the Discharge of First Lien Credit Agreement Obligations, to prepay First Lien Loans and other Permitted Debt (as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement) in accordance with Section 2.05(b)(ii) of the First Lien Credit Agreement).

(4)     to acquire or make a similar investment in any one or more businesses, assets (other than working capital assets), or property or capital expenditures, in each case used or useful in a Similar Business and that will be owned by a Borrower or a Subsidiary;

(5)     to acquire or make a similar investment in any one or more businesses, properties (other than working capital assets) or assets (other than working capital assets) that replace the businesses, properties and/or assets that are the subject of such Asset Sale or Casualty Event and that will be owned by a Borrower or a Subsidiary; or

(6)     any combination of the foregoing;

provided that the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries will be deemed to have complied with the provisions described in clause (4) or (5) of this paragraph if and to the extent that, within 18 months (or within 6 months in the case of any Asset Sale resulting in Net Cash Proceeds in excess of 10% of Consolidated EBITDA, calculated at the time of the receipt of such Net Cash Proceeds) after the Asset Sale that generated the Net Cash Proceeds, such Borrower or such Subsidiary, as applicable, has entered into and not abandoned or rejected a binding agreement to make an investment in compliance with the provision described in clauses (4) and (5) of this paragraph, and that investment is thereafter completed within 180 days after the end of such 18 month period.

Pending the final application of any such amount of Net Cash Proceeds pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(ii) (or, prior to the Discharge of the First Lien Credit Agreement Obligations, pursuant to Section 2.05(b)(ii) of the First Lien Credit Agreement) and this Section 7.04, such Borrower or such Subsidiary may otherwise invest or utilize such Net Cash Proceeds in any manner not prohibited by this Agreement.

Section 7.05     Restricted Payments. Directly or indirectly:

 

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(1)     declare or pay any dividend or make any payment or distribution on account of the Borrowers’ or any of their Subsidiaries’ Equity Interests, including any payment made in connection with any merger or consolidation involving a Borrower (other than (A) dividends or distributions by such Borrower payable solely in Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Stock) of such Borrower; or (B) dividends or distributions by a Subsidiary so long as, in the case of any dividend or distribution payable on or in respect of any class or series of securities issued by a Subsidiary other than a Wholly Owned Subsidiary, a Borrower or a Subsidiary receives at least its pro rata share of such dividend or distribution in accordance with its Equity Interests in such class or series of securities);

(2)     purchase, redeem, defease or otherwise acquire or retire for value any Equity Interests of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of Parent Borrower, including in connection with any merger or consolidation; or

(3)     make any principal payment on, or redeem, repurchase, defease or otherwise acquire or retire for value, in each case, prior to any scheduled repayment, sinking fund payment or maturity, any (i) Subordinated Indebtedness of any Borrower or any Guarantor (other than the payment, redemption, repurchase, defeasance, acquisition or retirement of (A) Subordinated Indebtedness of any Borrower or any Guarantor in anticipation of satisfying a sinking fund obligation, principal installment or final maturity, in each case due within one year of the date of such payment, redemption, repurchase, defeasance, acquisition or retirement and (B) Indebtedness permitted under Section 7.01(g) or (i)) or (ii) any Indebtedness that is secured by a security interest in the Collateral that is expressly junior to the Liens securing the Obligations (clauses (i) and (ii) above, “Junior Financing”);

(all such payments and other actions set forth in clauses (1) through (3) above being collectively referred to as “Restricted Payments”), unless, at the time of such Restricted Payment:

(a)     no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or would occur as a consequence thereof;

(b)     immediately after giving effect to the making of such Restricted Payment on a Pro Forma Basis, the Parent Borrower’s Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio does not exceed 3.00:1.00; and

(c)     such Restricted Payment, together with the aggregate amount of all other Restricted Payments made by the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries after the Closing Date (including Restricted Payments permitted by clause (1) of the next succeeding paragraph, but excluding all other Restricted Payments permitted by the next succeeding paragraph), is less than the sum of, without duplication,

(i)     the Retained Excess Cash Flow Amount, plus

(ii)     100% of the aggregate net proceeds, including cash and the Fair Market Value of assets (other than cash), received by the Parent Borrower after the Closing Date from the issue or sale of Equity Interests of the Parent Borrower (other than Excluded Equity), including such Equity Interests issued upon exercise of warrants or options, plus

(iii)     100% of the aggregate amount of contributions to the capital of the Parent Borrower received in cash and the Fair Market Value of assets (other than cash) after the Closing Date (other than Excluded Equity), plus

(iv)     the principal amount of any Indebtedness, or the liquidation preference or maximum fixed repurchase price, as the case may be, of any Disqualified Stock, in each case, of any Borrower or any Subsidiary thereof issued after the Closing Date (other than Indebtedness or Disqualified Stock issued to a Subsidiary or an employee stock ownership plan or trust established by any Borrower or any Subsidiary (other than to the extent such employee stock ownership plan or trust has been funded by any Borrower or any Subsidiary)) that, in each case, has been

 

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converted into or exchanged for Equity Interests in the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower (other than Excluded Equity), plus

(v)     100% of the aggregate amount received by any Borrower or any Subsidiary in cash and the Fair Market Value of assets (other than cash) received by any Borrower or any Subsidiary from the sale or other disposition (other than to a Borrower or a Subsidiary of the Borrower) of Restricted Investments made by the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries and from repurchases and redemptions of such Restricted Investments from the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries by any Person (other than the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries) and from repayments of loans or advances that constituted Restricted Investments, plus

(vi)     the aggregate amount of Declined Amounts since the Closing Date, plus

(d)     the aggregate amount of Retained Asset Sale Proceeds.

This Section 7.05 will not prohibit:

(1)     the payment of any dividend or distribution or consummation of any redemption within 60 days after the date of declaration thereof or the giving of a redemption notice related thereto, if at the date of declaration or notice such payment would have complied with the provisions of this Agreement;

(2)     (a) the redemption, repurchase, retirement or other acquisition of any Equity Interests (“Retired Capital Stock”) of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, or Junior Financing of any Borrower or any Subsidiary Guarantor, in exchange for, or out of the proceeds of the issuance or sale of, Equity Interests of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower or contributions to the equity capital of the Parent Borrower (other than Excluded Equity) (collectively, including any such contributions, “Refunding Capital Stock”);

(b)     the declaration and payment of accrued dividends on the Retired Capital Stock out of the proceeds of the issuance or sale (other than to a Subsidiary of a Borrower or to an employee stock ownership plan or any trust established by any Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries) of Refunding Capital Stock; and

(c)     if immediately prior to the retirement of the Retired Capital Stock, the declaration and payment of dividends thereon was permitted under clause (6) of this paragraph of Section 7.05 and has not been made as of such time (the “Unpaid Amount”), the declaration and payment of dividends on the Refunding Capital Stock (other than Refunding Capital Stock the proceeds of which were used to redeem, repurchase, retire or otherwise acquire any Equity Interests of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower) in an aggregate amount no greater than the Unpaid Amount (with the payment of such Unpaid Amount being treated as a payment under the applicable provision);

(3)     the prepayment, redemption, defeasance, repurchase or other acquisition or retirement of Junior Financing of any Borrower or any Subsidiary Guarantor made by exchange for, or out of the proceeds of the Incurrence of, Refinancing Indebtedness thereof;

(4)     [reserved];

(5)     the purchase, retirement, redemption or other acquisition (or Restricted Payments to the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower to finance any such purchase, retirement, redemption or other acquisition) for value of Equity Interests (including related stock appreciation rights or similar securities) of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower held directly or indirectly by any future, present or former employee, officer, director, manager, consultant or independent contractor of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower or their estates, heirs, family members, spouses or

 

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former spouses or permitted transferees (including for all purposes of this clause (5), Equity Interests held by any entity whose Equity Interests are held by any such future, present or former employee, officer, director, manager, consultant or independent contractor or their estates, heirs, family members, spouses or former spouses or permitted transferees) pursuant to any management equity plan or stock option plan or any other management or employee benefit plan or other agreement or arrangement or any stock subscription or shareholder or similar agreement; provided, however, that the aggregate amounts paid under this clause (5) shall not exceed (x) $4,025,000 in any calendar year or (y) subsequent to the consummation of an underwritten public equity offering of common stock of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, $8,050,000 in any calendar year (with unused amounts in any calendar year being permitted to be carried over for the next two succeeding calendar years); provided, further, however, that such amount in any calendar year may be increased by an amount not to exceed:

(a)     the cash proceeds received by a Borrower from the issuance or sale of Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Stock) of such Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the such Borrower (to the extent contributed to such Borrower), in each case, to any future, present or former employees, officers, directors, managers, consultants or independent contractors of the Borrowers or their Subsidiaries or any direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers that occurs after the Closing Date; provided that the amount of such cash proceeds utilized for any such repurchase, retirement, other acquisition or dividend will not increase the amount available for Restricted Payments under clause (c) of the immediately preceding paragraph; plus

(b)     the cash proceeds of key man life insurance policies received by the Borrowers or their Subsidiaries or any direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers (to the extent contributed to such Borrower) after the Closing Date; plus

(c)     the amount of any cash bonuses otherwise payable to employees, officers, directors, managers, consultants or independent contractors of the Borrowers or their Subsidiaries or any direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers that are foregone in return for the receipt of Equity Interests; less

(d)     the amount of cash proceeds described in clause (a), (b) or (c) of this clause (5) previously used to make Restricted Payments pursuant to this clause (5); (provided that the Parent Borrower may elect to apply all or any portion of the aggregate increase contemplated by clauses (a), (b) and (c) above in any calendar year);

provided, further, cancellation of Indebtedness owing to any Borrower or any Subsidiary from any future, current or former officer, director, employee, manager, consultant or independent contractor (or any permitted transferees thereof) of the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries or any direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers, in connection with a repurchase of Equity Interests of the Borrowers or any direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers from such Persons will not be deemed to constitute a Restricted Payment for purposes of this Section 7.05 or any other provisions of this Agreement;

(6)     the declaration and payment of dividends or distributions to holders (other than Holdings) of any class or series of Disqualified Stock of the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries and any class or series of Preferred Stock of any Subsidiaries issued or Incurred in accordance with the covenant described in Section 7.01;

(7)     [reserved];

(8)     any Restricted Payments made in connection with the consummation of the Transactions, including any dividends, payments or loans made to the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower to enable it to make any such payments or any future payments to employees of the Parent Borrower, any Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower under agreements entered into in connection with the Transactions;

 

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(9)     the declaration and payment of dividends on the Parent Borrower’s common stock (or the payment of dividends to any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower to fund the payment by any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower of dividends on such entity’s Equity Interests) of an aggregate amount per annum of (x) up to 6.0% of the cash proceeds net of underwriting fees received by the Parent Borrower from any public offering of common stock or contributed to the Parent Borrower by any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower from any public offering of common stock (the applicable issuing entity, the “IPO Entity”), other than public offerings with respect to the Parent Borrower’s Capital Stock registered on Form S-4 or S-8 or successor form thereto and other than any public sale constituting Excluded Contributions plus (y) 4.0% of the market capitalization of the Parent Borrower or a direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, as applicable, in each case that is the IPO Entity;

(10)     Restricted Payments that are made with Excluded Contributions;

(11)     other Restricted Payments in an aggregate amount taken together with all other Restricted Payments made pursuant to this clause (11) not to exceed $25,000,000;

(12)     [reserved];

(13)     for so long as, for U.S. federal or state income tax purposes, Holdings is treated as a partnership or a disregarded entity treated as wholly owned, directly or indirectly, by an entity treated as a partnership and the Parent Borrower is treated either as a partnership or an entity disregarded from Holdings (or the partnership from which Holdings is disregarded), the Parent Borrower and any Subsidiary of Holdings may pay or make quarterly distributions to Holdings, and Holdings may distribute to each of its direct or indirect members, an aggregate amount equal to the estimated Deemed Tax Due for the relevant taxable period (such distributions by the Parent Borrower and Holdings to their direct or indirect members, collectively, the “Tax Distributions”). For the purpose of this paragraph (13), “Deemed Tax Due” means the product of (x) the aggregate net taxable income of the Parent Borrower for such taxable period (taking into account if applicable, for purposes of determining such net taxable income and net taxable loss any adjustment to the basis of the Parent Borrower’s and Holdings’ property pursuant to Section 734, 743, or 754 of the Code and any comparable provision of state and local income tax law), reduced by net taxable losses of the Parent Borrower from prior taxable periods to the extent that the losses are of a character (ordinary or capital) that would permit the losses to be deducted by the direct or indirect owners of the Parent Borrower against the current taxable income of the Parent Borrower allocable to such owners and have not previously been taken into account in determining Tax Distributions, and (y) the maximum combined U.S. federal (including pursuant to section 1411 of the Code), state, and local tax rates applicable to any individual or corporation (whichever is highest) resident in any jurisdiction within the United States taking into account any allowed deduction of state and local income taxes for U.S. federal income tax purposes and the character of the income in question; provided that (A) in addition to the foregoing Tax Distributions, following the end of each taxable year of the Parent Borrower and Holdings, the Parent Borrower shall be permitted to distribute to Holdings (and Holdings may distribute to its direct or indirect members) an amount equal to the excess (if any) of (I) the product of the rate described in clause (y) and the final net taxable income of the Parent Borrower (determined as described in clause (x) for such taxable year (such product, the “Actual Tax Liability”) over (II) the sum of the quarterly amounts distributed pursuant to this paragraph (13) with respect to such taxable year (and any amounts distributed or permitted to be distributed pursuant to this proviso shall also be Tax Distributions); (B) if the Tax Distributions for a taxable year exceed the Actual Tax Liability for such year, subsequent Tax Distributions shall be reduced dollar-for-dollar by the amount of such excess, and (C) the Tax Distributions made pursuant to this paragraph (13) in respect of any Deemed Tax Due attributable to the income of any Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower may be made only to the extent that such Subsidiary has made cash payments for such purpose to the Parent Borrower or any of its other Subsidiaries;

(14)     the declaration and payment of dividends, other distributions or other amounts to, or the making of loans to Holdings or any other direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, in the amount required for such entity to, if applicable:

 

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(a)     pay amounts equal to the amounts required for Holdings or any other direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower to pay fees and expenses (including Taxes), customary salary, bonus and other benefits payable to, and indemnities provided on behalf of, officers, employees, directors, managers, consultants or independent contractors of Holdings or any other direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, if applicable, and general corporate operating (including, without limitation, expenses related to auditing and other accounting matters) and overhead costs and expenses of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower, if applicable, in each case to the extent such fees, expenses, salaries, bonuses, benefits and indemnities are attributable to the ownership or operation of the Parent Borrower and its Subsidiaries;

(b)     pay, if applicable, amounts equal to amounts required for Holdings or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower to pay interest and/or principal on Indebtedness the proceeds of which have been contributed to the Parent Borrower (other than as Excluded Equity) and that has been guaranteed by, and is otherwise considered Indebtedness of, the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary Incurred in accordance with Section 7.01 (except to the extent any such payments have otherwise been made by any such guarantor);

(c)     pay fees and expenses incurred by Holdings or any other direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower related to (i) the maintenance of such parent entity of its corporate or other entity existence and performance of its obligations under this Agreement and similar obligations under the definitive documentation governing the First Lien Facilities, (ii) any unsuccessful equity or debt offering of such parent entity (or any debt or equity offering from which such parent does not receive any proceeds) and (iii) any equity or debt issuance, incurrence or offering, any disposition or acquisition or any investment transaction by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries (or any acquisition of or investment in any business, assets or property that will be contributed to the Borrowers or any of its Subsidiaries as part of the same or a related transaction) permitted by this Agreement;

(d)     make payments (i) to the Sponsor pursuant to or contemplated by the respective Management Agreements or (ii) to or on behalf of the Sponsor for any other monitoring, consulting, management, transaction, advisory, financing, underwriting or placement services or in respect of other investment banking activities, termination or similar fees, indemnities, reimbursements and reasonable and documented out-of-pocket fees and expenses of the Sponsor including, without limitation, in connection with acquisitions or divestitures, including in connection with the consummation of the Transactions, which payments are approved in respect of such activities by a majority of the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower in good faith;

(e)     pay franchise and excise taxes, and other fees, taxes and expenses in connection with any ownership of the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries or required to maintain their organizational existences;

(f)     make payments for the benefit of the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries to the extent such payments could have been made by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries because such payments (x) would not otherwise be Restricted Payments and (y) would be permitted by Section 6.18; and

(g)     make Restricted Payments to any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower to finance, or to any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower for the purpose of paying to any other direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower to finance, any Investment that, if consummated by the Parent Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries, would be a Permitted Investment; provided that (a) such Restricted Payment is made substantially concurrently with the closing of such Investment and (b) promptly following the closing thereof, such direct or indirect parent of the Borrowers causes (i) all property acquired (whether assets or Equity Interests) to be contributed to the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary or (ii) the merger, consolidation or

 

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amalgamation (to the extent permitted by Section 7.03) of the Person formed or acquired into the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary in order to consummate such acquisition or Investment, in each case, in accordance with the requirements of Section 6.12;

(15)     (i) repurchases of Equity Interests deemed to occur upon exercise of stock options or warrants if such Equity Interests represent a portion of the exercise price of such options or warrants, (ii) payments made or expected to be made by the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary in respect of withholding or similar taxes payable or expected to be payable by any future, present or former director, officer, employee, manager, consultant or independent contractor of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower (or their respective Affiliates, estates or immediate family members) in connection with the exercise of stock options or the grant, vesting or delivery of Equity Interests and (iii) loans or advances to officers, directors, employees, managers, consultants and independent contractors of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower in connection with such Person’s purchase of Equity Interests of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower; provided that no cash is actually advanced pursuant to this clause (iii) other than to pay taxes due in connection with such purchase, unless immediately repaid;

(16)     purchases of receivables pursuant to a Receivables Repurchase Obligation in connection with a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing and the payment or distribution of Receivables Fees;

(17)     payments or distributions to satisfy dissenters’ rights, pursuant to or in connection with a consolidation, merger, amalgamation or transfer of assets that complies with the provisions of this Agreement;

(18)     [reserved];

(19)     the payment of cash in lieu of the issuance of fractional shares of Equity Interests in connection with any merger, consolidation, amalgamation or other business combination, or in connection with any dividend, distribution or split of or upon exercise, conversion or exchange of Equity Interests, warrants, options or other securities exercisable or convertible into, Equity Interests of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower;

(20)     [reserved];

(21)     the making of payments (i) to the Sponsor pursuant to or contemplated by the Management Agreement or (ii) to or on behalf of the Sponsor for any other financial advisory, financing, underwriting or placement services or in respect of other investment banking activities, including, without limitation, in connection with acquisitions or divestitures, including in connection with the consummation of the Transactions, which payments are approved in respect of such activities by a majority of the Board of Directors of the Parent Borrower or any direct or indirect parent of the Parent Borrower in good faith;

(22)     [reserved]; and

(23)     any payment that is intended to prevent any Junior Financing from being treated as an “applicable high yield discount obligation” within the meaning of Section 163(i)(1) of the Code;

provided, however, that at the time of, and after giving effect to, any Restricted Payment permitted under clause (11), no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or would occur as a consequence thereof. For purposes of clauses (13) and (14) above, taxes shall include all interest and penalties with respect thereto and all additions thereto.

The Parent Borrower will not, and will not permit any of its Subsidiaries to, directly or indirectly, amend, modify or change any term or condition of any Junior Financing Document equal to or greater than the Threshold

 

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Amount in any manner that is, taken as a whole, materially adverse to the interests of the Administrative Agent or the Lenders.

For purposes of this Section 7.05, if any Restricted Payment (or a portion thereof) would be permitted pursuant to one or more provisions described above, the Parent Borrower may divide and classify such Restricted Payment (or a portion thereof) in any manner that complies with this Section 7.05 and may later divide and reclassify any such Restricted Payment so long as the Restricted Payment (as so divided and/or reclassified) would be permitted to be made in reliance on the applicable exception as of the date of such reclassification.

Section 7.06     Burdensome Agreements.

Permit any of its Subsidiaries to, directly or indirectly, create or otherwise cause or suffer to exist or become effective any consensual encumbrance or consensual restriction on the ability of any Subsidiary to:

(a)     (i) pay dividends or make any other distributions to the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries on its Capital Stock; or (ii) pay any Indebtedness owed to the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries;

(b)     make loans or advances to the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries;

(c)     create, incur, assume or suffer to exist Liens on the Collateral of such Person for the benefit of the Lenders with respect to the Facility and the Obligations or under the Loan Documents; or

(d)     sell, lease or transfer any of its properties or assets to the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries.

However, the preceding restrictions will not apply to encumbrances or restrictions existing under or by reason of:

(1)     contractual encumbrances or restrictions of the Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries in effect on the Closing Date, including pursuant to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, related Swap Contracts and Indebtedness permitted pursuant to Section 7.01(c);

(2)     the definitive documentation governing the First Lien Facilities or the First Lien Facilities Indebtedness and related Guarantees;

(3)     applicable law or any applicable rule, regulation or order;

(4)     any agreement or other instrument of a Person acquired by or merged, amalgamated or consolidated with or into any Borrower or any Subsidiary that was in existence at the time of such acquisition (or at the time it merges with or into any Borrower or any Subsidiary or assumed in connection with the acquisition of assets from such Person (but, in each case, not created in contemplation thereof)), which encumbrance or restriction is not applicable to any Person, or the properties or assets of any Person, other than the Person, or the property or assets of the Person, so acquired or designated; provided that in connection with a merger, amalgamation or consolidation under this clause (4), if a Person other than such Borrower or such Subsidiary is the successor company with respect to such merger, amalgamation or consolidation, any agreement or instrument of such Person or any Subsidiary of such Person, shall be deemed acquired or assumed, as the case may be, by such Borrower or such Subsidiary, as the case may be, at the time of such merger, amalgamation or consolidation;

(5)     customary encumbrances or restrictions contained in contracts or agreements for the sale of assets applicable to such assets pending consummation of such sale, including customary restrictions with respect to a Subsidiary imposed pursuant to an agreement entered into for the sale or disposition of Capital Stock or assets of such Subsidiary;

 

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(6)     restrictions on cash or other deposits or net worth imposed by customers under contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business;

(7)     customary provisions in operating or other similar agreements, asset sale agreements and stock sale agreements entered into in connection with the entering into of such transaction, which limitation is applicable only to the assets that are the subject of those agreements;

(8)     purchase money obligations for property acquired and Capitalized Lease Obligations, to the extent such obligations impose restrictions of the nature discussed in clauses (c) or (d) in the first paragraph of this Section 7.06 on the property so acquired;

(9)     customary provisions contained in leases, sub-leases, licenses, sublicenses, contracts and other similar agreements entered into in the ordinary course of business to the extent such obligations impose restrictions of the type described in clauses (c) or (d) in the first paragraph of this Section 7.06 on the property subject to such lease;

(10)     any encumbrance or restriction effected in connection with a Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing that, in the good faith determination of the Borrower, are necessary or advisable to effect such Qualified Receivables Factoring or Qualified Receivables Financing, as applicable;

(11)     any encumbrance or restriction contained in other Indebtedness, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock of any Borrower or any Subsidiary that is incurred subsequent to the Closing Date pursuant to Section 7.01, provided that (i) such encumbrances and restrictions contained in any agreement or instrument will not materially affect the Borrowers’ ability to make anticipated principal or interest payments under this Agreement (as determined by the Parent Borrower in good faith) or (ii) such encumbrances and restrictions contained in any agreement or instrument taken as a whole are not materially less favorable to the Lenders than the encumbrances and restrictions contained in this Agreement (as determined by the Parent Borrower in good faith);

(12)     any encumbrance or restriction contained in secured Indebtedness otherwise permitted to be incurred pursuant to Sections 7.01 and 7.02 to the extent limiting the right of the debtor to dispose of the assets securing such Indebtedness;

(13)     any encumbrance or restriction arising or agreed to in the ordinary course of business, not relating to any Indebtedness, and that do not, individually or in the aggregate, (x) detract from the value of the property or assets of the Borrowers or any Subsidiary in any manner material to the Borrowers or any Subsidiary or (y) materially affect the Borrowers’ ability to make future principal or interest payments under this Agreement, in each case, as determined by the Parent Borrower in good faith;

(14)     customary provisions in joint venture agreements or arrangements and other similar agreements or arrangements relating solely to the applicable joint venture; and

(15)     any encumbrances or restrictions of the type referred to in Section 7.06(a), (b), (c) and (d) imposed by any amendments, modifications, restatements, renewals, increases, supplements, refundings, replacements or refinancings of the contracts, instruments or obligations referred to in clauses (1) through (14) above; provided that such encumbrances and restrictions contained in any such amendment, modification, restatement, renewal, increase, supplement, refunding, replacement or refinancing are, in the good faith judgment of the Parent Borrower, not materially more restrictive, taken as a whole, than the encumbrances and restrictions prior to such amendment, modification, restatement, renewal, increase, supplement, refunding, replacement or refinancing.

For purposes of determining compliance with this Section 7.06, (i) the priority of any Preferred Stock in receiving dividends or liquidating distributions prior to dividends or liquidating distributions being paid on common stock shall not be deemed a restriction on the ability to make distributions on Capital Stock and (ii) the

 

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subordination of loans or advances made to a Borrower or a Subsidiary to other Indebtedness Incurred by such Borrower or any such Subsidiary shall not be deemed a restriction on the ability to make loans or advances.

Section 7.07     Accounting Changes. Make any change in fiscal year; provided, however, that the Parent Borrower or Holdings may, upon written notice to the Administrative Agent, change its fiscal year to any other fiscal year reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, in which case, the Parent Borrower and the Administrative Agent will, and are hereby authorized by the Lenders to, make any amendments to this Agreement that are necessary, in the judgment of the Administrative Agent and the Parent Borrower or Holdings, as applicable, to reflect such change in fiscal year.

Section 7.08     No Layering of Debt. Holdings and the Borrowers will not, and will not permit any Loan Party to, create, incur, assume or permit to exist any Indebtedness secured by a Lien on any property or asset which Lien is (a) contractually subordinated to any Lien created under the First Lien Facilities Documentation and (b) senior to any Lien securing the Initial Loans.

Section 7.09     Holding Company. Holdings shall not conduct, transact or otherwise engage in any material business or operations; provided, that the following shall be permitted in any event: (i) its ownership of the Capital Stock of the Parent Borrower and the Subsidiaries and any Subsidiary of Holdings (that is not the Parent Borrower or a Subsidiary of the Parent Borrower) which is formed solely for purposes of acting as a co-obligor with respect to any Qualified Holding Company Indebtedness and which does not conduct, transact or otherwise engage in any material business or operation, and, in each case, activities incidental thereto; (ii) the entry into, and the performance of its obligations with respect to the Loan Documents (including any Specified Refinancing Debt or any New Facility), the First Lien Facilities Documentation, any Refinancing Notes, any New Incremental Notes, any Junior Financing Document, any Ratio Debt documentation, any documentation relating to any Permitted Refinancing of the foregoing or documentation relating to the Indebtedness otherwise permitted by the last sentence in this Section 7.09 and the Guarantees permitted by clause (v) below; (iii) the consummation of the Transactions; (iv) the performing of activities (including, without limitation, cash management activities) and the entry into documentation with respect thereto, in each case, permitted by this Agreement for Holdings to enter into and perform; (v) the payment of dividends and distributions (and other activities in lieu thereof permitted by this Agreement), the making of contributions to the capital of its Subsidiaries and Guarantees of Indebtedness permitted to be incurred hereunder by the Borrowers or any of the Subsidiaries and the Guarantees of other obligations not constituting Indebtedness; (vi) the maintenance of its legal existence (including the ability to incur fees, costs and expenses relating to such maintenance and performance of activities relating to its officers, directors, managers and employees and those of its Subsidiaries); (vii) the performing of activities in preparation for and consummating any public offering of its common stock or any other issuance or sale of its Capital Stock (other than Disqualified Stock) including converting into another type of legal entity; (viii) the participation in tax, accounting and other administrative matters as a member of the consolidated group of Holdings and the Parent Borrower, including compliance with applicable Laws and legal, tax and accounting matters related thereto and activities relating to its officers, directors, managers and employees; (ix) the holding of any cash and Cash Equivalents (but not operating any property); (x) the entry into and performance of its obligations with respect to contracts and other arrangements, including the providing of indemnification to officers, managers, directors and employees and (xi) any activities incidental to the foregoing. Holdings shall not create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Lien on any Capital Stock of the Parent Borrower or any Subsidiary (other than Liens pursuant to any Loan Document, the First Lien Facilities Documentation, non-consensual Liens arising solely by operation of Law and Liens pursuant to documentation relating to other secured Indebtedness permitted to be incurred and secured hereunder and any Permitted Liens) and shall not incur any Indebtedness (other than in respect of Disqualified Stock, Qualified Holding Company Indebtedness or Guarantees permitted above and liabilities imposed by Law, including Tax liabilities).

Section 7.10     Restricted Investments. Directly or indirectly make any Restricted Investment.

For purposes of this Section 7.10, if any Investment (or a portion thereof) would be permitted pursuant to one or more of the exceptions contained in the definition of “Permitted Investments,” the Parent Borrower may divide and classify such Investment (or a portion thereof) in any manner that complies with such definition and may later divide and reclassify any such Investment so long as the Investment (as so divided and/or reclassified) would be permitted to be made in reliance on the applicable exception as of the date of such reclassification.

 

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ARTICLE VIII.

Events of Default and Remedies

Section 8.01        Events of Default. Any of the following shall constitute an “Event of Default”:

    (a)         Non-Payment. The Parent Borrower or any other Loan Party fails to pay (i) when due and as required to be paid herein, any amount of principal of any Loan, or (ii) within five Business Days after the same becomes due and payable, any interest on any Loan, or (iii) within ten Business Days after the same becomes due and payable, any fee due hereunder, or any other amount payable hereunder or with respect to any other Loan Document; or

    (b)         Specific Covenants. The Parent Borrower or any other Loan Party fails to perform or observe any term, covenant or agreement contained in any of Sections 6.03(a), 6.05(a) (solely with respect to any Borrower), 6.11 or in any Section of Article VII, or Holdings fails to perform or observe any term, covenant or agreement contained in Section 7.09; or

    (c)         Other Defaults. Any Loan Party fails to perform or observe any covenant or agreement (other than those specified in Section 8.01(a) or (b) above) contained in any Loan Document on its part to be performed or observed and such failure continues for 30 days after notice thereof by the Administrative Agent to the Parent Borrower; or

    (d)         Representations and Warranties. Any representation, warranty, certification or statement of fact made or deemed made by or on behalf of the Parent Borrower or any other Loan Party herein, in any other Loan Document, or in any document required to be delivered in connection herewith or therewith shall be incorrect or misleading in any material respect (or in any respect if any such representation or warranty is already qualified by materiality) when made or deemed made and, to the extent capable of being cured, such incorrect representation, warranty, certification or statement of fact shall remain incorrect for a period of thirty (30) days; or

    (e)         Cross-Default. Any Loan Party or any Subsidiary (A) fails to make any payment beyond the applicable grace period with respect thereto, if any (whether by scheduled maturity, required prepayment, acceleration, demand, or otherwise) in respect of any Indebtedness (other than Indebtedness hereunder and intercompany Indebtedness) having an aggregate outstanding principal amount equal to or greater than the Threshold Amount or (B) fails to observe or perform any other agreement or condition relating to any such Indebtedness, or any other event occurs, the effect of which default or other event is to cause, or to permit the holder or holders of such Indebtedness (or a trustee or agent on behalf of such holder or holders or beneficiary or beneficiaries) after the expiration of any applicable grace or cure period therefor to cause, with the giving of notice if required, such Indebtedness to become due or to be repurchased, prepaid, defeased or redeemed (automatically or otherwise), or an offer to repurchase, prepay, defease or redeem such Indebtedness to be made, in each case, prior to its stated maturity; provided that this clause (e)(B) shall not apply to (x) secured Indebtedness that becomes due as a result of the sale or transfer or other Disposition (including a Casualty Event) of the property or assets securing such Indebtedness permitted hereunder and under the documents providing for such Indebtedness and such Indebtedness is repaid when required under the documents providing for such Indebtedness, (y) events of default, termination events or any other similar event under the documents governing Swap Contracts for so long as such event of default, termination event or other similar event does not result in the occurrence of an early termination date or any acceleration or prepayment of any amounts or other Indebtedness payable thereunder or (z) Indebtedness that upon the happening of any such default or event automatically converts into Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Stock or, in the case of a Subsidiary, Disqualified Stock or Preferred Stock) in accordance with its terms; provided, further, that with respect to the First Lien Facilities or any other first lien indebtedness permitted to be incurred hereunder in accordance with and as required by any similar provision of the First Lien Credit Agreement, in each case, that is secured by a Lien on the Collateral on a senior basis to the Obligations, such failure shall constitute an Event of Default hereunder only if the holders of such Indebtedness have caused the same to become due and payable prior to the scheduled maturity date or if such Indebtedness is not paid at final maturity; or

 

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    (f)         Insolvency Proceedings, Etc. Any Loan Party or any Subsidiary (other than an Immaterial Subsidiary) institutes or consents to the institution of any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law, a winding-up, an administration, a dissolution, or a composition or makes an assignment for the benefit of creditors or any other action is commenced (by way of voluntary arrangement, scheme of arrangement or otherwise); or appoints, applies for or consents to the appointment of any receiver, administrator, administrative receiver, trustee, custodian, conservator, liquidator, rehabilitator, judicial manager, provisional liquidator, administrator, receiver and manager, controller, monitor or similar officer for it or for all or any material part of its property; or any receiver, trustee, custodian, conservator, liquidator, rehabilitator, judicial manager, provisional liquidator, administrator, administrative receiver, receiver and manager, controller, monitor or similar officer is appointed without the application or consent of such Person and the appointment continues undischarged or unstayed for 60 days; or any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law relating to any such Person or to all or substantially all of its property is instituted without the consent of such Person and continues undismissed or unstayed for 60 days, or an order for relief is entered in any such proceeding; or

    (g)         Inability to Pay Debts; Attachment. (i) Any Loan Party or any Subsidiary (other than any Immaterial Subsidiary) becomes unable or admits in writing its inability or fails generally to pay its debts as they become due or suspends making payments or enters into a moratorium or standstill arrangement in relation to its Indebtedness or is taken to have failed to comply with a statutory demand (or otherwise be presumed to be insolvent by applicable Law) or (ii) any writ or warrant of attachment or execution or similar process is issued, commenced or levied against all or substantially all of the property of any such Person and is not released, vacated or fully bonded within 60 days after its issue, commencement or levy, or any analogous procedure or step is taken in any jurisdiction; or

    (h)         Judgments. There is entered against any Loan Party or any Subsidiary a final judgment or order for the payment of money in an aggregate amount (as to all such judgments and orders) equal to or greater than the Threshold Amount (to the extent not paid and not covered by (i) independent third-party insurance as to which the insurer has been notified of such judgment or order and does not deny coverage or (ii) an enforceable indemnity to the extent that such Loan Party or Subsidiary shall have made a claim for indemnification and the applicable indemnifying party shall not have disputed such claim) and there is a period of 60 consecutive days during which a stay of enforcement of such judgment, by reason of a pending appeal or otherwise, is not in effect; or

    (i)         ERISA. (i) One or more ERISA Events occur or there is or arises an Unfunded Pension Liability (taking into account only Plans with positive Unfunded Pension Liability) which ERISA Event or Events or Unfunded Pension Liability or Unfunded Pension Liabilities results or could reasonably be expected to result in liability of any Loan Party in an aggregate amount which would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (ii) any Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate fails to pay when due, after the expiration of any applicable grace period, any installment payment with respect to its withdrawal liability under Section 4201 of ERISA which has resulted or could reasonably be expected to result in liability of any Loan Party in an aggregate amount which would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect or (iii) with respect to a Foreign Plan, a termination, withdrawal, imposition of a Lien or noncompliance with applicable Law or plan terms that would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; or

    (j)         Invalidity of Certain Loan Documents. Any material provision of any Collateral Document, any Guaranty, the Intercompany Subordination Agreement and/or any intercreditor agreement (including, for the avoidance of doubt, the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement) required to be entered into pursuant to the terms of this Agreement (in each case, subject to the Perfection Exceptions), at any time after its execution and delivery and for any reason other than as expressly permitted hereunder or thereunder (including as a result of a transaction permitted under Section 7.03 or Section 7.04) or terminating the Aggregate Commitments and satisfaction in full of all the Obligations (other than contingent indemnification obligations as to which no claim has been asserted) ceases to be in full force and effect (except that any such failure to be in full force and effect with respect to the documents referred to in clause (vii) of the definition of “Loan Documents” shall constitute an Event of Default only if the Parent Borrower receives notice thereof and the Parent Borrower fails to remedy the relevant failure in all

 

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material respects within 15 days of receiving said notice); or any Loan Party contests in writing the validity or enforceability of any provision of this Agreement, any Collateral Document, any Guaranty, the Intercompany Subordination Agreement and/or any intercreditor agreement (including, for the avoidance of doubt, the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement) required to be entered into pursuant to the terms of this Agreement; or any Loan Party denies in writing that it has any or further liability or obligation under any Loan Document (other than as a result of repayment in full of the Obligations (other than contingent indemnification obligations as to which no claim has been asserted) and termination of the Aggregate Commitments), or purports in writing to revoke or rescind any Loan Document or the perfected second priority Liens created thereby (except as otherwise expressly provided in this Agreement or the Collateral Documents); or

    (k)         Change of Control. There occurs any Change of Control.

Section 8.02        Remedies Upon Event of Default. If any Event of Default occurs and is continuing, the Administrative Agent shall, at the request of, or may, with the consent of, the Required Lenders, take any or all of the following actions:

    (a)         declare the commitment of each Lender to make Loans to be terminated, whereupon such commitments shall be terminated;

    (b)         declare the unpaid principal amount of all outstanding Loans, all interest accrued and unpaid thereon, and all other amounts owing or payable hereunder or under any other Loan Document to be immediately due and payable, without presentment, demand, protest or other notice of any kind, all of which are hereby expressly waived by the Borrowers;

    (c)         [reserved]; and

    (d)         exercise on behalf of itself and the Lenders all rights and remedies available to it and the Lenders under the Loan Documents, under any document evidencing Indebtedness in respect of which the Facility has been designated as “Designated Senior Debt” (or any comparable term) and/or under applicable Law;

provided, however, that upon the occurrence of an actual or deemed entry of an order for relief with respect to the Borrowers under any Debtor Relief Law, the obligation of each Lender to make Loans shall automatically terminate, the unpaid principal amount of all outstanding Loans and all interest and other amounts as aforesaid shall automatically become due and payable, in each case without further act of the Administrative Agent or any Lender.

Section 8.03        [Reserved].

Section 8.04        Application of Funds. After the exercise of remedies provided for in Section 8.02 (or after an actual or deemed entry of an order for relief with respect to the Borrowers under any Debtor Relief Law), any amounts received on account of the Obligations shall, subject to First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement and the provisions of Sections 2.17, be applied by the Administrative Agent in the following order:

    (a)         first, to payment of that portion of the Obligations constituting fees, indemnities, expenses and other amounts (including fees, disbursements and other charges of counsel payable under Section 10.04 and amounts payable under Article III and amounts owing in respect of (x) the preservation of Collateral or the Collateral Agent’s security interest in the Collateral or (y) with respect to enforcing the rights of the Secured Parties under the Loan Documents) payable to the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent in their respective capacity as such;

    (b)         second, to payment in full of Unfunded Advances/Participations;

    (c)         third, to payment of that portion of the Obligations constituting fees, indemnities, expenses and other amounts (other than principal and interest) payable to the Lenders (including fees,

 

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disbursements and other charges of counsel payable under Sections 10.04 and 10.05) arising under the Loan Documents and amounts payable under Article III, ratably among them in proportion to the respective amounts described in this clause (c) held by them;

    (d)         fourth, to payment of that portion of the Obligations constituting accrued and unpaid interest on the Loans ratably among the Lenders in proportion to the respective amounts described in this clause (d) held by them;

    (e)         fifth, to payment of that portion of the Obligations constituting unpaid principal of the Loans, ratably among the Lenders in proportion to the respective amounts described in this clause (e) held by them;

    (f)         sixth, to the payment of all other Obligations of the Loan Parties owing under or in respect of the Loan Documents that are then due and payable to the Administrative Agent and the other Secured Parties, ratably based upon the respective aggregate amounts of all such Obligations then owing to the Administrative Agent and the other Secured Parties; and

    (g)         last, after all of the Obligations have been paid in full (other than contingent indemnification obligations not yet due and owing), to the Borrowers or as otherwise required by Law or the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

It is understood and agreed by each Loan Party and each Secured Party that the Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent shall have no liability for any determinations made by it in this Section 8.04, in each case except to the extent resulting from the gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct of the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent, as applicable (as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in a final and non-appealable decision). Each Loan Party and each Secured Party also agrees that the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent may (but shall not be required to), at any time and in its sole discretion, and with no liability resulting therefrom, petition a court of competent jurisdiction regarding any application of Collateral in accordance with the requirements hereof, and the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent shall be entitled to wait for, and may conclusively rely on, any such determination.

ARTICLE IX.

Administrative Agent and Other Agents

Section 9.01         Appointment and Authorization of Agents.

(a)         Each Lender hereby irrevocably appoints Antares to act on its behalf as Administrative Agent hereunder and under the other Loan Documents (subject to the provisions in Section 9.09), and designates and authorizes the Administrative Agent to take such actions on its behalf under the provisions of this Agreement and each other Loan Document and to exercise such powers and perform such duties as are expressly delegated to the Administrative Agent by the terms of this Agreement or any other Loan Document, together with such actions and powers as are reasonably incidental thereto. The Administrative Agent may perform any of its duties through its officers, directors, agents, employees, or affiliates. The provisions of this Article are solely for the benefit of the Administrative Agent and the Lenders, and no Loan Party shall have rights as a third party beneficiary of any of such provisions. Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary contained elsewhere herein or in any other Loan Document no Agent shall have any duties or responsibilities, except those expressly set forth herein, nor shall any Agent have or be deemed to have any fiduciary relationship with any Lender or participant, and no implied covenants, functions, responsibilities, duties, obligations or liabilities shall be read into this Agreement or any other Loan Document or otherwise exist against any Agent. Regardless of whether a Default has occurred and is continuing and without limiting the generality of the foregoing sentence, the use of the term “agent” herein and in the other Loan Documents with reference to any Agent is not intended to connote any fiduciary or other implied (or express) obligations arising under agency doctrine of any applicable Law. Instead, such term is used merely as a matter of market custom, and is intended to create or reflect only an administrative relationship between independent contracting parties. Without limiting the foregoing, each Lender hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to execute and deliver, and to perform its obligations under, each of the Loan Documents to which the Administrative

 

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Agent is a party, and to exercise all rights, powers and remedies that the Administrative Agent may have under such Loan Documents.

(b)         [Reserved].

(c)         The Administrative Agent shall also act as the Collateral Agent under the Loan Documents, and each of the Lenders hereby irrevocably appoints and authorizes the Administrative Agent to act as the agent of (and to hold any security interest, charge or other Lien created by the Collateral Documents for and on behalf of or in trust for) such Lender for purposes of acquiring, holding and enforcing any and all Liens on Collateral granted by any of the Loan Parties to secure any of the Secured Obligations, together with such powers and discretion as are reasonably incidental thereto. In this connection, the Administrative Agent as Collateral Agent (and any co-agents, sub-agents and attorneys-in-fact appointed by the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 9.02 for purposes of holding or enforcing any Lien on the Collateral (or any portion thereof) granted under the Collateral Documents, or for exercising any rights and remedies thereunder at the direction of the Administrative Agent), shall be entitled to the benefits of all provisions of this Article IX (including Section 9.07, as though such co-agents, sub-agents and attorneys-in-fact were the Collateral Agent under the Loan Documents) and Section 10.04 as if set forth in full herein with respect thereto and all references to Administrative Agent in this Article IX shall, where applicable, be read as including a reference to the Collateral Agent. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Lenders hereby expressly authorize the Administrative Agent as Collateral Agent to execute any and all documents (including releases, payoff letters and similar documents) with respect to the Collateral and the rights of the Secured Parties with respect thereto (including any intercreditor agreement), as contemplated by and in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement and the Collateral Documents and acknowledge and agree that any such action by any Agent shall bind the Lenders.

Section 9.02         Delegation of Duties. The Administrative Agent may execute any of its duties and exercise its rights and powers under this Agreement or any other Loan Document (including for purposes of holding or enforcing any Lien on the Collateral (or any portion thereof) granted under the Collateral Documents or of exercising any rights and remedies thereunder) by or through agents, employees or attorneys-in-fact and shall be entitled to advice of counsel and other consultants or experts concerning all matters pertaining to such duties. The Administrative Agent and any such sub agent may perform any and all of its duties and exercise its rights and powers by or through their respective Agent-Related Persons. The Administrative Agent shall not be responsible for the negligence or misconduct of any agent or attorney-in-fact that it selects in the absence of gross negligence or willful misconduct by the Administrative Agent, as determined by a final non-appealable judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction. The exculpatory provisions of this Article IX shall apply to any such sub agent and to the Agent-Related Persons of the Administrative Agent and any such sub agent, and shall apply to their respective activities in connection with the syndication of the credit facilities provided for herein as well as activities as Administrative Agent.

Section 9.03         Liability of Agents.

(a)         No Agent-Related Person shall be (i) liable for any action taken or omitted to be taken by any of them under or in connection with this Agreement or any other Loan Document or the transactions contemplated hereby (except for its own gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct in connection with its duties expressly set forth herein, to the extent determined in a final, non-appealable judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction), (ii) liable for any action taken or not taken by it (A) with the consent or at the request of the Required Lenders (or such other number or percentage of the Lenders as shall be necessary, or as the Administrative Agent shall believe in good faith shall be necessary, under the circumstances as provided in Sections 10.01 and 8.02) or (B) in the absence of its own gross negligence or willful misconduct as determined by the final, non-appealable judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction, in connection with its duties expressly set forth herein, (iii) responsible in any manner to any Lender or participant for any recital, statement, representation or warranty made by any Loan Party or any officer thereof, contained herein or in any other Loan Document, or in any certificate, report, statement or other document referred to or provided for in, or received by the Administrative Agent under or in connection with, this Agreement or any other Loan Document, (iv) responsible for or have any duty to ascertain or inquire into the validity, effectiveness, genuineness, enforceability or sufficiency of this Agreement or any other Loan Document or any other agreement, instrument or document, or the creation, perfection or priority of any Lien, or security interest created or purported to be created under the Collateral Documents, or for any failure of any Loan Party or any other

 

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party to any Loan Document to perform its obligations hereunder, (v) responsible for or have any duty to ascertain or inquire into the value or the sufficiency of any Collateral or (vi) responsible for or have any duty to ascertain or inquire into the satisfaction of any condition set forth in Article IV or elsewhere herein, other than to confirm receipt of items expressly required to be delivered to the Administrative Agent. No Agent-Related Person shall be under any obligation to any Lender or participant to ascertain or to inquire as to the observance or performance of any of the agreements contained in, or conditions of, this Agreement or any other Loan Document, or to inspect the properties, books or records of any Loan Party or any Affiliate thereof. The Administrative Agent shall not be responsible or have any liability for, or have any duty to ascertain, inquire into monitor or enforce, compliance with the provisions relating to Disqualified Institutions. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Administrative Agent shall not (x) be obligated to ascertain, monitor or inquire as to whether any Lender or participant or prospective Lender or participant is a Disqualified Institution or (y) have any liability with respect to or arising out of any assignment or participant of loans, or disclosure of confidential information, to, or the restriction on any exercise of rights or remedies of, any Disqualified Institution.

(b)         The Administrative Agent shall not have any duty to (i) take any discretionary action or exercise any discretionary powers, except discretionary rights and powers expressly contemplated hereby or by the other Loan Documents that such Agent is required to exercise as directed in writing by the Required Lenders (or such other number or percentage of the Lenders as shall be expressly provided for herein or in the other Loan Documents); provided that no Agent shall be required to take any action that, in its opinion or the opinion of its counsel, may expose such Agent to liability or that is contrary to any Loan Document or applicable Law; and (ii) to disclose, except as expressly set forth herein and in the other Loan Documents, and shall not be liable for the failure to disclose, any information relating to the Borrowers or any of their Affiliates that is communicated to or obtained by any Person serving as an Agent or any of its Affiliates in any capacity; provided, further, that that the Administrative Agent may seek clarification or direction from the Required Lenders prior to the exercise of any such instructed action and may refrain from acting until such clarification or direction has been provided. Except as expressly set forth in the Loan Documents, the Administrative Agent shall not have any duty to disclose, and shall not be liable for the failure to disclose, any information relating to Holdings, the Borrowers, any Subsidiary or any Affiliate of any of the foregoing that is communicated to or obtained by the Person serving as Administrative Agent or any of its Affiliates in any capacity. Nothing in this Agreement shall require the Administrative Agent to expend or risk its own funds or otherwise incur any financial liability in the performance of any of its duties hereunder or in the exercise of any of its rights or powers if it shall have reasonable grounds for believing that repayment of such funds or adequate indemnity against such risk or liability is not reasonably assured to it.

(c)         Any assignor of a Loan or seller of a participation hereunder shall be entitled to rely conclusively on a representation of the assignee Lender or Participant in the relevant Assignment and Assumption or participation agreement, as applicable, that such assignee or purchaser is not a Disqualified Institution. No Agent shall have any responsibility or liability for monitoring the list or identities of, or enforcing provisions relating to, Disqualified Institutions.

Section 9.04         Reliance by Agents.

(a)         Each Agent shall be entitled to rely, and shall be fully protected in relying, upon any writing, communication, signature, resolution, representation, notice, request, consent, certificate, instrument, affidavit, letter, telegram, facsimile, telex or telephone message, electronic mail message, Internet or intranet website posting or other distribution statement or other document or conversation reasonably believed by it to be genuine and correct and to have been signed, sent or made by the proper Person or Persons. Each Agent also may rely upon any statement made to it orally or by telephone and reasonably believed by it to have been made by the proper Person, and shall not incur any liability for relying thereon. In determining compliance with any condition hereunder to the making of a Loan that by its terms must be fulfilled to the satisfaction of a Lender, the Administrative Agent may presume that such condition is satisfactory to such Lender unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice to the contrary from such Lender prior to the making of such Loan. Each Agent may consult with, and rely upon (and be fully protected in relying upon), advice and statements of legal counsel (including counsel to any Loan Party), independent accountants and other experts selected by such Agent. Each Agent shall be fully justified in failing or refusing to take any action under any Loan Document unless it shall first receive such advice or concurrence of the Required Lenders (or such greater number of Lenders as may be expressly required hereby in any instance) as it deems appropriate and, if it so requests, it shall first be indemnified to its satisfaction by the Lenders

 

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against any and all liability and expense which may be incurred by it by reason of taking or continuing to take any such action. Each Agent shall in all cases be fully protected in acting, or in refraining from acting, under this Agreement or any other Loan Document in accordance with a request or consent of the Required Lenders (or such greater number of Lenders as may be expressly required hereby in any instance) and such request and any action taken or failure to act pursuant thereto shall be binding upon all the Lenders.

(b)         For purposes of determining compliance with the conditions specified in Sections 4.01, each Lender that has signed this Agreement shall be deemed to have consented to, approved or accepted or to be satisfied with, each document or other matter required thereunder to be consented to or approved by or acceptable or satisfactory to a Lender unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from such Lender prior to the proposed Closing Date, specifying its objection thereto.

Section 9.05         Notice of Default. The Administrative Agent shall not be deemed to have knowledge or notice of the occurrence of any Default, except with respect to defaults in the payment of principal, interest and fees required to be paid to the Administrative Agent for the account of the Lenders, unless the Administrative Agent shall have received written notice from a Lender or the Parent Borrower referring to this Agreement, describing such Default and stating that such notice is a “notice of default.” The Administrative Agent will notify the Lenders of its receipt of any such notice. The Administrative Agent shall not be responsible for or have any duty to ascertain or inquire into (i) any statement, warranty or representation made in or in connection with any Loan Document, (ii) the contents of any certificate, report or other document delivered thereunder or in connection therewith, (iii) the performance or observance of any of the covenants, agreements or other terms or conditions set forth in any Loan Document or the occurrence of any Default, (iv) the sufficiency, validity, enforceability, effectiveness or genuineness of any Loan Document or any other agreement, instrument or document, (v) the satisfaction of any condition set forth in Article IV or elsewhere in any Loan Document, other than to confirm receipt of items expressly required to be delivered to the Administrative Agent or satisfaction of any condition that expressly refers to the matters described therein being acceptable or satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, (vi) the creation, perfection or priority of Liens on the Collateral or (vii) compliance by Affiliated Lenders with the terms hereof relating to Affiliated Lenders. The Administrative Agent shall take such action with respect to any Event of Default as may be directed by the Required Lenders in accordance with Article VIII; provided, however, that unless and until the Administrative Agent has received any such direction, the Administrative Agent may (but shall not be obligated to) take such action, or refrain from taking such action, with respect to such Event of Default as it shall deem advisable or in the best interest of the Lenders.

Section 9.06         Credit Decision; Disclosure of Information by Agents. Each Lender acknowledges that no Agent-Related Person has made any representation or warranty to it, and that no act by any Agent hereafter taken, including any consent to and acceptance of any assignment or review of the affairs of any Loan Party or any Affiliate thereof, shall be deemed to constitute any representation or warranty by any Agent-Related Person to any Lender as to any matter, including whether Agent-Related Persons have disclosed material information in their possession. Each Lender represents to each Agent that it has, independently and without reliance upon any Agent-Related Person and based on such documents and information as it has deemed appropriate, made its own appraisal of, and investigation into, the business, prospects, operations, property, financial and other condition and creditworthiness of the Loan Parties and their respective Subsidiaries, and all applicable bank or other regulatory Laws relating to the transactions contemplated hereby, and made its own decision to enter into this Agreement and to extend credit to the Borrowers and the other Loan Parties hereunder. Each Lender also represents that it will, independently and without reliance upon any Agent-Related Person and based on such documents and information as it shall deem appropriate at the time, continue to make its own credit analysis, appraisals and decisions in taking or not taking action under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, and to make such investigations as it deems necessary to inform itself as to the business, prospects, operations, property, financial and other condition and creditworthiness of the Borrowers and the other Loan Parties. Except for notices, reports and other documents expressly required to be furnished to the Lenders by any Agent herein, such Agent shall not have any duty or responsibility to provide any Lender with any credit or other information concerning the business, prospects, operations, property, financial and other condition or creditworthiness of any of the Loan Parties or any of their respective Affiliates which may come into the possession of any Agent-Related Person.

Section 9.07         Indemnification of Agents. Whether or not the transactions contemplated hereby are consummated, each Lender shall, on a ratable basis based on such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of the Facility,

 

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indemnify upon demand each Agent-Related Person (to the extent not reimbursed by or on behalf of any Loan Party and without limiting the obligation of any Loan Party to do so), and hold harmless each Agent-Related Person in each case from and against any and all Indemnified Liabilities incurred by such Agent-Related Person; provided, however, that no Lender shall be liable for any Indemnified Liabilities incurred by an Agent-Related Person to the extent such Indemnified Liabilities are determined in a final, non-appealable judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction to have resulted from such Agent-Related Person’s own gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct; provided, however, that no action taken in accordance with the directions of the Required Lenders (or such other number or percentage of the Lenders as shall be required by the Loan Documents) shall be deemed to constitute gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct for purposes of this Section 9.07. In the case of any investigation, litigation or proceeding giving rise to any Indemnified Liabilities, this Section 9.07 shall apply whether or not any such investigation, litigation or proceeding is brought by any Lender or any other Person. Without limiting the foregoing, each Lender shall reimburse the Administrative Agent upon demand for its Pro Rata Share of any costs or out-of-pocket expenses (including the fees, disbursements and other charges of counsel) incurred by the Administrative Agent in connection with the preparation, execution, delivery, administration, modification, amendment or enforcement (whether through negotiations, legal proceedings or otherwise) of, or legal advice in respect of rights or responsibilities under, this Agreement, any other Loan Document, or any document contemplated by or referred to herein, to the extent that the Administrative Agent is not reimbursed for such expenses by or on behalf of the Borrower; provided that such reimbursement by the Lenders shall not affect the Borrower’s continuing reimbursement obligations with respect thereto; provided further, that failure of any Lender to indemnify or reimburse the Administrative Agent shall not relieve any other Lender of its obligation in respect thereof. The undertaking in this Section 9.07 shall survive termination of the Aggregate Commitments, the payment of all other Obligations and the resignation or removal of the Administrative Agent.

Section 9.08         Agents in their Individual Capacities. Any Agent and its Affiliates may make loans to, issue letters of credit for the account of, accept deposits from, acquire Capital Stock in and generally engage in any kind of banking, trust, financial advisory, underwriting or other business with each of the Loan Parties and their respective Affiliates as though it were not an Agent hereunder and without notice to or consent of the Lenders. The Lenders acknowledge that, pursuant to such activities, an Agent or its Affiliates may receive information regarding any Loan Party or its Affiliates (including information that may be subject to confidentiality obligations in favor of such Loan Party or such Affiliate) and acknowledge that such Agent shall be under no obligation to provide such information to them. With respect to its Loans, such Agent shall have the same rights and powers under this Agreement as any other Lender and may exercise such rights and powers as though it were not an Agent, and the terms “Lender” and “Lenders” include such Agent in its individual capacity (unless otherwise expressly indicated or unless the context otherwise requires).

Section 9.09         Successor Agents. The Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent may resign as the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, as applicable, upon 30 days’ written notice to the Parent Borrower and the Lenders. The Required Lenders may remove the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent from such role at any time upon 30 days’ written notice to the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, as applicable, the Parent Borrower and the Lenders. Upon receipt of any such notice of resignation or removal, the Required Lenders shall appoint from among the Lenders a successor agent for the Lenders, which successor agent shall be consented to by the Parent Borrower at all times other than during the existence of an Event of Default under Section 8.01(a), (f), or (g) (which consent of the Parent Borrower shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed). If no successor agent is appointed prior to the effective date of the resignation or removal of the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, as applicable, the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent may appoint, after consulting with the Lenders and the Parent Borrower, a successor agent. Upon the acceptance of its appointment as successor agent hereunder, the Person acting as such successor agent shall succeed to all the rights, powers and duties of the retiring Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, as applicable, and the term “Administrative Agent” or “Collateral Agent,” as applicable, shall mean such successor administrative agent or such successor collateral agent, as applicable, and the retiring Administrative Agent’s or Collateral Agent’s appointment, powers and duties as the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, as applicable, shall be terminated. After the retiring Administrative Agent’s or Collateral Agent’s resignation or removal hereunder as the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, the provisions of this Article IX and Sections 10.04 and 10.05 shall continue in effect for its benefit as to any actions taken or omitted to be taken by it while it was the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent under this Agreement. If no successor agent has accepted appointment as the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent by the date which is 30 days following the retiring Administrative Agent’s or Collateral Agent’s notice of resignation or removal, the retiring Administrative

 

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Agent’s or Collateral Agent’s resignation or removal shall nevertheless thereupon become effective and (i) the retiring Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, as applicable, shall be discharged from its duties and obligations hereunder and under the other Loan Documents (except that in the case of any collateral security held by the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent on behalf of the Lenders under any of the Loan Documents, the retiring Agent shall continue to hold such collateral security as bailee, trustee or other applicable capacity until such time as a successor of such Agent is appointed), (ii) all payments, communications and determinations provided to be made by, to or through the Administrative Agent shall instead be made by or to each Lender directly, until such time as the Required Lenders appoint a successor Administrative Agent as provided for above in this Section 9.09 and (iii) the Lenders shall perform all of the duties of the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, as applicable, hereunder until such time, if any, as the Required Lenders appoint a successor agent as provided for above. Upon the acceptance of any appointment as the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent hereunder by a successor and upon the execution and filing or recording of such financing statements, or amendments thereto, and such amendments or supplements to the Mortgages, and such other instruments or notices, as may be necessary or desirable, or as the Required Lenders may request, in order to continue the perfection of the Liens granted or purported to be granted by the Collateral Documents, the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, as applicable, shall thereupon succeed to and become vested with all the rights, powers, discretion, privileges, and duties of the retiring Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent. Upon the acceptance of any appointment as the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent hereunder by a successor or upon the expiration of the 30-day period following the retiring Administrative Agent’s or Collateral Agent’s notice of resignation or removal without a successor agent having been appointed, the retiring Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, as applicable, shall be discharged from its duties and obligations hereunder and under the other Loan Documents other than as specifically set forth in clause (i) above of this Section 9.09(a) but the provisions of this Article IX and Sections 10.04 and 10.05 shall continue in effect for the benefit of such retiring Agent, its sub-agents and their respective Agent-Related Persons in respect of any actions taken or omitted to be taken by any of them solely in respect of the Loan Documents or Obligations, as applicable, while the retiring Agent was acting as Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent, as applicable.

Section 9.10         Administrative Agent May File Proofs of Claim. In case of the pendency of any receivership, administrative receivership, judicial management, insolvency, liquidation, bankruptcy, reorganization (by way of voluntary arrangement, schemes of arrangement or otherwise), arrangement, adjustment, composition or other judicial proceeding relative to any Loan Party, the Administrative Agent (irrespective of whether the principal of any Loan shall then be due and payable as herein expressed or by declaration or otherwise and irrespective of whether the Administrative Agent shall have made any demand on the Borrowers) shall be entitled and empowered, by intervention in such proceeding or otherwise:

    (a)         to file and prove a claim for the whole amount of the principal and interest owing and unpaid in respect of the Loans and all other Obligations that are owing and unpaid and to file such other documents as may be necessary or advisable in order to have the claims of the Lenders and the Administrative Agent (including any claim for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Lenders and the Administrative Agent and their respective agents and counsel to the extent provided for herein and all other amounts due the Lenders and the Administrative Agent under Sections 2.09 and 10.04) allowed in such judicial proceeding; and

    (b)         to collect and receive any monies or other property payable or deliverable on any such claims and to distribute the same;

and any administrator, administrative receiver, custodian, receiver, assignee, trustee, judicial manager, liquidator, sequestrator or other similar official in any such judicial proceeding is hereby authorized by each Lender to make such payments to the Administrative Agent and, in the event that the Administrative Agent shall consent to the making of such payments directly to the Lenders, to pay to the Administrative Agent any amount due for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Agents and their respective agents and counsel, and any other amounts, in each case, due the Administrative Agent under Sections 2.09 and 10.04.

Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to authorize the Administrative Agent to authorize or consent to or accept or adopt on behalf of any Lender any plan of reorganization (by way of voluntary arrangement, schemes of arrangement or otherwise), arrangement, adjustment or composition affecting the Obligations or the rights of any

 

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Lender or to authorize the Administrative Agent to vote in respect of the claim of any Lender in any such proceeding.

The provisions of this Article IX are solely for the benefit of the Administrative Agent, the Lenders, and, except for Sections 9.01, 9.09, 9.10, 9.11, 9.13, and 9.15, none of Holdings, the Borrowers or any Subsidiary, or any of their respective Affiliates, shall have any rights as a third party beneficiary under any such provisions.

Section 9.11         Collateral and Guaranty Matters. Each of the Lenders irrevocably authorizes the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent, and each of the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent shall to the extent requested by the Parent Borrower or, solely in the case of clause (d) below, to the extent provided for under this Agreement,

    (a)         release any Lien on any property granted to or held by the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent under any Loan Document (i) upon termination of the Aggregate Commitments and payment in full of all Obligations (other than contingent indemnification obligations as to which no claim has been asserted, (ii) that is sold, disposed of or distributed or to be sold, disposed of or distributed as part of or in connection with any transaction permitted hereunder or under any other Loan Document, in each case to a Person that is not a Loan Party, (iii) subject to Section 10.01, if approved, authorized or ratified in writing by the Required Lenders, (iv) that constitutes Excluded Property as a result of an occurrence not prohibited hereunder or (v) owned by a Subsidiary Guarantor upon release of such Subsidiary Guarantor from its obligations under its Guaranty pursuant to clause (c) below;

    (b)         release or subordinate any Lien on any property granted to or held by the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent under any Loan Document to the holder of any Permitted Lien on such property that is permitted by clauses (1), (4), (5), (6) (only with regard to Section 7.01(d)), (9), (11) (solely with respect to cash deposits), (16), (17) (other than with respect to self-insurance arrangements), (18) (solely to the extent constituting Excluded Property), (21), (23) (solely to the extent relating to a lien of the type allowed pursuant to clause (9) of the definition thereof), (25) (solely to the extent relating to a lien of the type allowed pursuant to clause (6) of the definition of “Permitted Liens” and securing obligations under Indebtedness of the type allowed pursuant to Section 7.01(d)), (26) (solely to the extent the Lien of the Collateral Agent on such property is not, pursuant to such agreements, required or permitted to be senior to or pari passu with such Liens), (29) (solely with respect to cash deposits), (34), (39) (only for so long as required to be secured for such letter of intent or investment), (45), (46) and (48) of the definition thereof;

    (c)         release any Guarantor from its obligations under the applicable Guaranty if in the case of any Subsidiary, such Person ceases to be a Subsidiary or otherwise becomes an Excluded Subsidiary as a result of a transaction or designation permitted hereunder; provided that no such release shall occur if such Guarantor continues to be a guarantor in respect of any Specified Refinancing Debt, any Refinancing Notes, the First Lien Facilities, any New Incremental Notes or, to the extent incurred by a Loan Party (other than Holdings), any other Indebtedness; and

    (d)         establish intercreditor arrangements as contemplated by this Agreement.

Upon request by the Administrative Agent at any time, the Required Lenders will confirm in writing the Collateral Agent’s authority to release or subordinate its interest in particular types or items of property, or to release any Guarantor from its obligations under the Guaranty pursuant to this Section 9.11. In each case as specified in this Section 9.11, the applicable Agent will (and each Lender irrevocably authorizes the applicable Agent to), at the Borrowers’ expense, execute and deliver to the applicable Loan Party such documents as such Loan Party may reasonably request to evidence the release or subordination of such item of Collateral from the assignment and security interest granted under the Collateral Documents, or to evidence the release of such Guarantor from its obligations under the Guaranty, in each case in accordance with the terms of the Loan Documents and this Section 9.11. Additionally, upon reasonable request of the Parent Borrower, the Collateral Agent will return possessory Collateral held by it that is released from the security interests created by the Collateral Documents pursuant to this Section 9.11; provided that in each case of this Section 9.11, the Parent Borrower shall have delivered to the Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent a certificate of a Responsible Officer of the Parent Borrower certifying that any such transaction has been consummated in compliance with the Credit Agreement and the other Loan

 

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Documents and that such release is permitted hereby; provided, that in the event that the Collateral Agent loses or misplaces any possessory collateral delivered to the Collateral Agent by the Parent Borrower, upon reasonable request of the Parent Borrower, the Collateral Agent shall provide a loss affidavit to the Parent Borrower, in the form customarily provided by the Collateral Agent in such circumstances.

Section 9.12         Other Agents; Arranger and Managers. None of the Lenders or other Persons identified on the facing page or signature pages of this Agreement as a “syndication agent,” “joint lead arranger,” or “joint bookrunner” shall have any right, power, obligation, liability, responsibility or duty under this Agreement other than those applicable to all Lenders as such; provided that each Arranger shall be entitled to any express rights given to that Arranger under any Loan Document. Without limiting the foregoing, none of the Lenders or other Persons so identified shall have or be deemed to have any fiduciary relationship with any Lender. Each Lender acknowledges that it has not relied, and will not rely, on any of the Lenders or other Persons so identified in deciding to enter into this Agreement or in taking or not taking action hereunder.

Section 9.13         Affiliates of Administrative Agent.

(a)         Each of Antares Holdings LP (“Antares Finance”) and any Affiliate of Antares Finance that becomes a Lender (other than the Administrative Agent in its capacity as such) or other Secured Party (each, an “Antares Lender”) shall be responsible for all of the following on its own behalf: (A) execution and delivery of the Loan Documents, on its own behalf, and acceptance of delivery thereof on its own behalf from any Loan Party, and (B) approval, execution and delivery, on its own behalf, of any amendment, consent or waiver under any of the foregoing Loan Documents or other agreements related thereto;

(b)         the Administrative Agent shall have no authority to do any of the foregoing on behalf of any Antares Lender; and

(c)         without limitation of the foregoing, if any Antares Lender consents to any matter requiring execution and delivery by or on behalf of the Required Lenders (as may be specified in Section 10.01, or any other provision of this Agreement or of any other Loan Document), such Antares Lender shall execute and deliver, on its own behalf, such documents or instruments as may be necessary in connection with such matter (and (with respect to Antares Lenders only), Agent shall have no authority to sign, execute or deliver any such document or instrument on behalf of any Antares Lender). If any Antares Lender has not consented to any such matter, but other Lenders constituting Required Lenders have done so, the provisions of this Section 9.13 do not require a separate signature from such Antares Lender.

Section 9.14 Appointment of Supplemental Agents, Incremental Arrangers, Incremental Notes Arrangers and Specified Refinancing Agents.

(a)         It is the purpose of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents that there shall be no violation of any Law of any jurisdiction denying or restricting the right of banking corporations or associations to transact business as agent or trustee in such jurisdiction. It is recognized that in case of litigation under this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents, and in particular in case of the enforcement of any of the Loan Documents, or in case the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent deems that by reason of any present or future Law of any jurisdiction it may not exercise any of the rights, powers or remedies granted herein or in any of the other Loan Documents or take any other action which may be desirable or necessary in connection therewith, the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent are hereby authorized to appoint an additional individual or institution selected by them in their sole discretion as a separate trustee, co-trustee, administrative agent, collateral agent, administrative sub-agent or administrative co-agent, as applicable (any such additional individual or institution being referred to herein individually as a “Supplemental Agent” and collectively as “Supplemental Agents”).

(b)         In the event that the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent appoints a Supplemental Agent with respect to any Collateral, (i) each and every right, power, privilege or duty expressed or intended by this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents to be exercised by or vested in or conveyed to the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent with respect to such Collateral shall be exercisable by and vest in such Supplemental Agent to the extent, and only to the extent, necessary to enable such Supplemental Agent to exercise such rights,

 

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powers and privileges with respect to such Collateral and to perform such duties with respect to such Collateral, and every covenant and obligation contained in the Loan Documents and necessary to the exercise or performance thereof by such Supplemental Agent shall run to and be enforceable by either the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent or such Supplemental Agent, and (ii) the provisions of this Article IX and of Sections 10.04 and 10.05 (obligating the Borrowers to pay the Administrative Agent’s and the Collateral Agent’s expenses and to indemnify the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent) that refer to the Administrative Agent and/or the Collateral Agent shall inure to the benefit of such Supplemental Agent and all references therein to the Administrative Agent and/or Collateral Agent shall be deemed to be references to the Administrative Agent and/or Collateral Agent and/or such Supplemental Agent, as the context may require.

(c)         Should any instrument in writing from the Borrowers, Holdings or any other Loan Party be required by any Supplemental Agent so appointed by the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent for more fully and certainly vesting in and confirming to him or it such rights, powers, privileges and duties, the Borrowers or Holdings, as applicable, shall, or shall cause such Loan Party to, execute, acknowledge and deliver any and all such instruments promptly upon request by the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent. In case any Supplemental Agent, or a successor thereto, shall die, become incapable of acting, resign or be removed, all the rights, powers, privileges and duties of such Supplemental Agent, to the extent permitted by Law, shall vest in and be exercised by the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent, as applicable, until the appointment of a new Supplemental Agent.

(d)         In the event that the Parent Borrower appoints or designates any Incremental Arranger, Incremental Notes Arranger or Specified Refinancing Agent pursuant to Sections 2.14, 2.15 and 2.18, as applicable, (i) each and every right, power, privilege or duty expressed or intended by this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents to be exercised by or vested in or conveyed to an agent or arranger with respect to New Commitments, New Incremental Notes or Specified Refinancing Debt, as applicable, shall be exercisable by and vest in such Incremental Arranger, Incremental Notes Arranger or Specified Refinancing Agent to the extent, and only to the extent, necessary to enable such Incremental Arranger, Incremental Notes Arranger or Specified Refinancing Agent to exercise such rights, powers and privileges with respect to the New Commitments, New Incremental Notes or Specified Refinancing Debt, as applicable, and to perform such duties with respect to such New Commitments, New Incremental Notes or Specified Refinancing Debt, and every covenant and obligation contained in the Loan Documents and necessary to the exercise or performance thereof by such Incremental Arranger, Incremental Notes Arranger or Specified Refinancing Agent shall run to and be enforceable by either the Administrative Agent or such Incremental Arranger, Incremental Notes Arranger or Specified Refinancing Agent, and (ii) the provisions of this Article IX and of Sections 10.04 and 10.05 (obligating the Borrowers to pay the Administrative Agent’s and the Collateral Agent’s expenses and to indemnify the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent) that refer to the Administrative Agent and/or the Collateral Agent shall inure to the benefit of such Incremental Arranger, Incremental Notes Arranger or Specified Refinancing Agent and all references therein to the Administrative Agent and/or Collateral Agent shall be deemed to be references to the Administrative Agent and/or Collateral Agent and/or such Incremental Arranger, Incremental Notes Arranger or Specified Refinancing Agent, as the context may require. Each Lender hereby irrevocably appoints any Incremental Arranger, Incremental Notes Arranger or Specified Refinancing Agent to act on its behalf hereunder and under the other Loan Documents pursuant to Sections 2.14, 2.15 and 2.18, as applicable, and designates and authorizes such Incremental Arranger, Incremental Notes Arranger or Specified Refinancing Agent to take such actions on its behalf under the provisions of this Agreement and each other Loan Document and to exercise such powers and perform such duties as are expressly delegated to such Incremental Arranger, Incremental Notes Arranger or Specified Refinancing Agent by the terms of this Agreement or any other Loan Document, together with such actions and powers as are reasonably incidental thereto.

Section 9.15         Intercreditor Agreement. The Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent are authorized by the Lenders and other Secured Parties to, to the extent required by the terms of the Loan Documents, (i) enter into the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement and any other intercreditor agreement contemplated by this Agreement, (ii) enter into any Collateral Document, or (iii) make or consent to any filings or take any other actions in connection therewith (and any amendments, amendments and restatements, restatements or waivers of or supplements to or other modifications to, such agreements in connection with the incurrence by any Loan Party of any Indebtedness of such Loan Party that is permitted to be secured pursuant to Sections 7.01 and 7.02 of this Agreement, in order to permit such Indebtedness to be secured by a valid, perfected lien on the Collateral (with such priority as may be designated by such Loan Party, to the extent such priority is permitted by the Loan Documents)), and the parties hereto acknowledge that any intercreditor agreement, Collateral Document,

 

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consent, filing or other action will be binding upon them. Each Lender and other Secured Party (a) understands, acknowledges and agrees that Liens will be created on Collateral pursuant to the First Lien Facilities Documentation, which Liens shall be subject to the terms and conditions of the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement, (b) hereby agrees that it will be bound by and will take no actions contrary to the provisions of the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement or any other intercreditor agreement (if entered into) and (c) hereby authorizes and instructs the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent to enter into the First Lien/Second Lien Intercreditor Agreement and any other intercreditor agreement contemplated by this Agreement or Collateral Document (and any amendments, amendments and restatements, restatements or waivers of or supplements to or other modifications to, such agreements in connection with the incurrence by any Loan Party of any Indebtedness of such Loan Party that is permitted to be secured pursuant to Sections 7.01 and 7.02 of this Agreement, in order to permit such Indebtedness to be secured by a valid, perfected lien on the Collateral (with such priority as may be designated by such Loan Party, to the extent such priority is permitted by the Loan Documents)), and to subject the Liens on the Collateral securing the Obligations to the provisions thereof.

Section 9.16         Withholding Tax. To the extent required by any applicable law, the Administrative Agent may withhold from any payment to any Lender an amount equivalent to any applicable withholding Tax. Without limiting or expanding the provisions of Section 3.01, each Lender shall indemnify the Administrative Agent against, and shall make payable in respect thereof within 30 days after demand therefor, any and all Taxes and any and all related losses, claims, liabilities and expenses (including fees, charges and disbursements of any counsel for the Administrative Agent) incurred by or asserted against the Administrative Agent by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service or any other Governmental Authority as a result of the failure of the Administrative Agent to properly withhold tax from amounts paid to or for the account of any Lender for any reason (including, without limitation, because the appropriate form was not delivered or not property executed, or because such Lender failed to notify the Administrative Agent of a change in circumstance that rendered the exemption from, or reduction of withholding tax ineffective). A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to any Lender by the Administrative Agent shall be conclusive absent manifest error. Each Lender hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to set off and apply any and all amounts at any time owing to such Lender under this Agreement or any other Loan Document against any amount due the Administrative Agent under this paragraph. The agreements in this paragraph shall survive the resignation and/or replacement of the Administrative Agent, any assignment of rights by, or the replacement of, a Lender and the repayment, satisfaction or discharge of all other obligations under any Loan Document.

Section 9.17         Certain ERISA Matters.

(a)         Each Lender (x) represents and warrants, as of the date such Person became a Lender party hereto, to, and (y) covenants, from the date such Person became a Lender party hereto to the date such Person ceases being a Lender party hereto, for the benefit of, the Administrative Agent and its respective Affiliates, and not, for the avoidance of doubt, to or for the benefit of the Borrower or any other Loan Party, that at least one of the following is and will be true:

    (i)         such Lender is not using “plan assets” (within the meaning of the Plan Asset Regulations) of one or more Benefit Plans in connection with the Loans or the Commitments,

    (ii)         the transaction exemption set forth in one or more PTEs, such as PTE 84-14 (a class exemption for certain transactions determined by independent qualified professional asset managers), PTE 95-60 (a class exemption for certain transactions involving insurance company general accounts), PTE 90-1 (a class exemption for certain transactions involving insurance company pooled separate accounts), PTE 91-38 (a class exemption for certain transactions involving bank collective investment funds) or PTE 96-23 (a class exemption for certain transactions determined by in-house asset managers), is applicable with respect to such Lender’s entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement, and the conditions for exemptive relief thereunder are and will continue to be satisfied in connection therewith,

    (iii)         (A) such Lender is an investment fund managed by a “Qualified Professional Asset Manager” (within the meaning of Part VI of PTE 84-14), (B) such Qualified Professional Asset Manager made the investment decision on behalf of such Lender to enter into, participate in, administer and perform

 

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the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement, (C) the entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement satisfies the requirements of subsections (b) through (g) of Part I of PTE 84-14 and (D) to the best knowledge of such Lender, the requirements of subsection (a) of Part I of PTE 84-14 are satisfied with respect to such Lender’s entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement, or

(iv)         such other representation, warranty and covenant as may be agreed in writing between the Administrative Agent, in its sole discretion, and such Lender.

(b)         In addition, unless sub-clause (i) in the immediately preceding clause (a) is true with respect to a Lender or such Lender has not provided another representation, warranty and covenant as provided in sub-clause (iv) in the immediately preceding clause (a), such Lender further (x) represents and warrants, as of the date such Person became a Lender party hereto, to, and (y) covenants, from the date such Person became a Lender party hereto to the date such Person ceases being a Lender party hereto, for the benefit of, the Administrative Agent and its respective Affiliates, and not, for the avoidance of doubt, to or for the benefit of the Borrower or any other Loan Party, that:

(i)         none of the Administrative Agent or any of its Affiliates is a fiduciary with respect to the assets of such Lender (including in connection with the reservation or exercise of any rights by the Administrative Agent under this Agreement, any Loan Document or any documents related hereto or thereto),

(ii)         the Person making the investment decision on behalf of such Lender with respect to the entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement is independent (within the meaning of 29 CFR § 2510.3-21, as amended from time to time) and is a bank, an insurance carrier, an investment adviser, a broker-dealer or other person that holds, or has under management or control, total assets of at least $50 million, in each case as described in 29 CFR § 2510.3-21(c)(1)(i)(A)-(E),

(iii)         the Person making the investment decision on behalf of such Lender with respect to the entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement is capable of evaluating investment risks independently, both in general and with regard to particular transactions and investment strategies (including in respect of the obligations),

(iv)         the Person making the investment decision on behalf of such Lender with respect to the entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement is a fiduciary under ERISA or the Code, or both, with respect to the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement and is responsible for exercising independent judgment in evaluating the transactions hereunder, and

(v)         no fee or other compensation is being paid directly to the Administrative Agent or any of its Affiliates for investment advice (as opposed to other services) in connection with the Loans, the Commitments or this Agreement.

(c)         The Administrative Agent hereby informs the Lenders that each such Person is not undertaking to provide impartial investment advice, or to give advice in a fiduciary capacity, in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, and that such Person has a financial interest in the transactions contemplated hereby in that such Person or an Affiliate thereof (i) may receive interest or other payments with respect to the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement, (ii) may recognize a gain if it extended the Loans or the Commitments for an amount less than the amount being paid for an interest in the Loans or the Commitments by such Lender or (iii) may receive fees or other payments in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, the Loan Documents or otherwise, including structuring fees, commitment fees, arrangement fees, facility fees, upfront fees, underwriting fees, tick