0001807046 false FY Unlimited Unlimited http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#OtherAssets http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#BelowMarketLeaseNet http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#LeaseIncome http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#LeaseIncome http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#BelowMarketLeaseNet http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#OtherAssets http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#BelowMarketLeaseNet 0 http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#OtherAssets 0 0 Unlimited 0 0001807046 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 2022-06-30 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2023-03-24 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2023-03-24 0001807046 OZ:CommonClassMMember 2023-03-24 0001807046 2022-12-31 0001807046 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ClassAUnitsMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ClassAUnitsMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ClassBUnitsMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ClassBUnitsMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ClassMUnitsMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ClassMUnitsMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2020-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2020-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember OZ:CommonClassMMember 2020-12-31 0001807046 OZ:TotalMembersDeficitCapitalExcludingNoncontrollingInterestMember 2020-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2020-12-31 0001807046 2020-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember OZ:CommonClassMMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:TotalMembersDeficitCapitalExcludingNoncontrollingInterestMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember OZ:CommonClassMMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:TotalMembersDeficitCapitalExcludingNoncontrollingInterestMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember OZ:CommonClassMMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:TotalMembersDeficitCapitalExcludingNoncontrollingInterestMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonStockMember OZ:CommonClassMMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:TotalMembersDeficitCapitalExcludingNoncontrollingInterestMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:BelpointeREITMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:BelpointeREITMember 2021-09-14 0001807046 OZ:VariableInterestEntityMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:VariableInterestEntityMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 2022-01-01 0001807046 srt:MaximumMember OZ:StraightLineRentMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 srt:MaximumMember OZ:StraightLineRentMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 2022-12-29 0001807046 OZ:BelpointeREITMember OZ:FirstSecuredDebtMember 2020-10-28 0001807046 OZ:BelpointeREITMember OZ:SecondSecuredDebtMember 2021-02-16 0001807046 OZ:BelpointeREITMember OZ:ThirdSecuredDebtMember 2021-05-28 0001807046 OZ:BelpointeREITMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:BelpointeREITMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:BelpointeREITMember 2021-11-29 2021-11-30 0001807046 OZ:NorpointeLoanMember 2022-01-03 0001807046 OZ:NorpointeLoanMember 2022-06-28 0001807046 OZ:NorpointeLoanMember 2022-12-12 2022-12-13 0001807046 OZ:SponsorMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:SponsorMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ManagerAndAffliatesMember us-gaap:IPOMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ManagerAndAffliatesMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ManagerAndAffliatesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ManagementAgreementMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:SarasotaFloridaMember 2020-10-30 0001807046 OZ:UpfrontDevelopmentFeeMember 2022-03-28 2022-03-29 0001807046 OZ:DevelopmentFeesMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DevelopmentFeesMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DevelopmentManagerMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DevelopmentManagerMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:EmployeeExpenseMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:EmployeeExpenseMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ManagementFeesMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ManagementFeesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ManagerAndAffliatesMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ManagerAndAffliatesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:InsuranceMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:InsuranceMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DirectorCompensationMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DirectorCompensationMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DevelopmentFeeAndReimbursementsMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DevelopmentFeeAndReimbursementsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:OfferingCostsMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:OfferingCostsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:AcquisitionFeeMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:AcquisitionFeeMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ManagementFeesMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ManagementFeesMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:EmployeeCostSharingAndReimbursementsMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:EmployeeCostSharingAndReimbursementsMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DirectorCompensationMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DirectorCompensationMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:AcquisitionFeeMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:AcquisitionFeeMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 2022-01-07 0001807046 OZ:MansfieldConnecticutMember OZ:BPOZ17CedarSwampLLCMember 2022-01-07 2022-01-07 0001807046 us-gaap:LandMember OZ:MansfieldConnecticutMember OZ:BPOZ17CedarSwampLLCMember 2022-01-07 2022-01-07 0001807046 OZ:MansfieldConnecticutMember us-gaap:BuildingMember OZ:BPOZ17CedarSwampLLCMember 2022-01-07 2022-01-07 0001807046 2022-05-09 0001807046 OZ:SarasotaFloridaMember OZ:BPOZ1702RinglingLLCMember 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 0001807046 us-gaap:LandMember OZ:SarasotaFloridaMember OZ:BPOZ1702RinglingLLCMember 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 0001807046 OZ:SarasotaFloridaMember us-gaap:BuildingMember OZ:BPOZ1702RinglingLLCMember 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 0001807046 OZ:SarasotaFloridaMember OZ:InPlaceMember OZ:BPOZ1702RinglingLLCMember 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 0001807046 2022-06-26 2022-06-28 0001807046 2022-06-28 0001807046 OZ:CMCJVPartnerMember 2022-06-28 0001807046 OZ:CMCJVPartnerMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 2022-10-13 0001807046 OZ:MansfieldConnecticutMember OZ:BPOZ1750StorrsLLCMember 2022-10-12 2022-10-13 0001807046 2022-12-02 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ1400DavidsonQOZBMember 2022-12-01 2022-12-02 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ1400DavidsonQOZBMember us-gaap:LandMember 2022-12-01 2022-12-02 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ1400DavidsonQOZBMember us-gaap:BuildingMember 2022-12-01 2022-12-02 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ1400DavidsonQOZBMember OZ:IntangibleAssetsMember 2022-12-01 2022-12-02 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ1400DavidsonQOZBMember OZ:BelowMarketLeaseLiabilityMember 2022-12-01 2022-12-02 0001807046 OZ:NineHunderedEighthLPMember OZ:NashvilleTennessee900EighthAvenueSouthNashvilleMember 2021-02-24 0001807046 OZ:JVPartnerMember 2021-02-22 2021-02-24 0001807046 OZ:JVPartnerMember 2021-02-24 0001807046 OZ:PromissoryNoteMember OZ:NineHunderedEighthLPMember 2021-02-24 0001807046 OZ:NineHunderedEighthLPMember 2021-02-24 0001807046 OZ:NineHunderedEighthLP2Member OZ:NashvilleTennessee900EighthAvenueSouthNashvilleMember 2021-05-26 2021-05-28 0001807046 OZ:NineHunderedEighthLPMember OZ:NashvilleTennessee900EighthAvenueSouthMember 2021-05-26 2021-05-28 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ900FirstLLC2Member 2021-03-10 2021-03-12 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ900FirstLLCMember 2021-03-10 2021-03-12 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ900FirstLLCMember us-gaap:LandMember 2021-03-10 2021-03-12 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ900FirstLLCMember us-gaap:BuildingMember 2021-03-10 2021-03-12 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ900FirstLLCMember OZ:IntangibleAssetsMember 2021-03-10 2021-03-12 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ900FirstLLCMember OZ:BelowMarketLeaseLiabilityMember 2021-03-10 2021-03-12 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ1900FruitvilleLLCMember OZ:SarasotaFloridaMember 2021-05-07 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ1900FruitvilleLLCMember OZ:SarasotaFloridaMember 2021-05-05 2021-05-07 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ1900FruitvilleLLCMember us-gaap:LandMember OZ:SarasotaFloridaMember 2021-05-05 2021-05-07 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ1900FruitvilleLLCMember OZ:IntangibleInPlaceLeaseAssetsMember OZ:SarasotaFloridaMember 2021-05-05 2021-05-07 0001807046 OZ:BPOZStorrsRoadLLCMember OZ:StorrsConnecticutMember 2021-07-15 0001807046 OZ:BPOZStorrsRoadLLCMember OZ:StorrsConnecticutMember 2021-07-12 2021-07-15 0001807046 OZ:BPOZNashvilleNoTwoLLCMember OZ:NashvilleTennesseeMember 2021-10-29 0001807046 OZ:BPOZNashvilleNoTwoLLCMember OZ:NashvilleTennesseeMember 2021-10-27 2021-10-29 0001807046 OZ:BPOZNashvilleNoThreeLLCMember OZ:NashvilleTennesseeMember 2021-11-18 0001807046 OZ:BPOZNashvilleNoThreeLLCMember OZ:NashvilleTennesseeMember 2021-11-16 2021-11-18 0001807046 us-gaap:LandMember OZ:NashvilleTennesseeMember OZ:BPOZNashvilleNoThreeLLCMember 2021-11-16 2021-11-18 0001807046 us-gaap:BuildingMember OZ:NashvilleTennesseeMember OZ:BPOZNashvilleNoThreeLLCMember 2021-11-16 2021-11-18 0001807046 OZ:IntangibleAssetsMember OZ:NashvilleTennesseeMember OZ:BPOZNashvilleNoThreeLLCMember 2021-11-16 2021-11-18 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ1991MainStreetLLCMember 2021-11-28 2021-11-30 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ901909CentralAvenueNorthLLCMember 2021-12-21 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ901909CentralAvenueNorthLLCMember 2021-12-19 2021-12-21 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ901909CentralAvenueNorthLLCMember us-gaap:LandMember 2021-12-19 2021-12-21 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ901909CentralAvenueNorthLLCMember us-gaap:BuildingMember 2021-12-19 2021-12-21 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ901909CentralAvenueNorthLLCMember OZ:IntangibleAssetsMember 2021-12-19 2021-12-21 0001807046 OZ:BPOZ901909CentralAvenueNorthLLCMember OZ:BelowMarketLeaseLiabilityMember 2021-12-19 2021-12-21 0001807046 us-gaap:RealEstateMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:RealEstateMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:AcquisitionOfRealEstateTwentyThousandTwentyTwoMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:AcquisitionOfRealEstateTwentyThousandTwentyOneMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 2021-11-30 0001807046 OZ:InPlaceLeasesMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:InPlaceLeasesMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DevelopmentRightsMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:DevelopmentRightsMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:GroundLeasePurchaseOptionMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:GroundLeasePurchaseOptionMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:BelowMarketLeasesMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:BelowMarketLeasesMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:InPlaceLeasesMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:InPlaceLeasesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:LandDevelopmentRightsMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:BIholdingMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:BelowMarketLeasesMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:BelowMarketLeasesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:IncreaseInRentalRevenueMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:IncreaseToAmortizationMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:BelpointeREITMember 2021-09-14 0001807046 OZ:BelpointeREITMember 2021-11-01 2021-11-30 0001807046 OZ:CMCLoanMember 2021-09-30 0001807046 OZ:CMCLoanMember 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 0001807046 OZ:CMCLoanMember 2022-06-27 2022-06-28 0001807046 OZ:NorpointeLoanMember 2022-01-03 2022-01-03 0001807046 OZ:RestructuredNorpointeLoanMember 2022-01-03 0001807046 OZ:RestructuredNorpointeLoanMember 2022-01-03 2022-01-03 0001807046 OZ:RestructuredNorpointeLoanMember 2022-12-12 2022-12-13 0001807046 OZ:ViscoLoanMember 2022-02-23 0001807046 OZ:ViscoLoanMember 2022-02-23 2022-02-23 0001807046 OZ:ViscoLoanMember 2022-12-01 2022-12-02 0001807046 OZ:SubscriptionAgreementMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:SubscriptionAgreementMember 2021-12-31 0001807046 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:SubscriptionAgreementMember 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ClassAUnitsMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ClassAUnitsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001807046 OZ:ConstructionManagementAgreementMember 2022-12-31 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares xbrli:pure utr:acre

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED December 31, 2022
   
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                TO             

 

Commission file number 001-40911

 

 

 

Belpointe PREP, LLC

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   84-4412083

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

  (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

255 Glenville Road

Greenwich, Connecticut 06831

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(203) 883-1944

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol   Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A units   OZ   NYSE American

 

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.   Yes ☐ No
       
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.   Yes No
       
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes No
       
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes No ☐
       
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company
      Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
     
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  
     
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes   No

 

The aggregate market value of Class A units held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2022 was approximately $311,462,858, based on the closing sale price reported for such date on the NYSE American. Class A units held by each executive officer, director and holder of more than 5% of the registrant’s Class A units have been excluded based on the assumption that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. These assumptions should not be deemed to constitute an admission that such persons are affiliates, or that there are not other persons who may be deemed to be affiliates, of the registrant.

 

As of March 24, 2023, the registrant had 3,523,449 Class A units, 100,000 Class B units and one Class M unit outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

None.

 

 

 

 
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
PART I  
  Item 1. Business 5
  Item 1A. Risk Factors 15
  Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 43
  Item 2. Properties 43
  Item 3. Legal Proceedings 43
  Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 43
     
PART II  
  Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 44
  Item 6. [Reserved] 45
  Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 46
  Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 52
  Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 53
  Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures 84
  Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 84
  Item 9B. Other Information 84
  Item 9C. Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections 84
     
PART III  
  Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 85
  Item 11. Executive Compensation 89
  Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owner and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 90
  Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 91
  Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services 94
     
PART IV  
  Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 95
  Item 16. Form 10-K Summary 96
  Signatures 97

 

2
Table Of Contents

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Form 10-K”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), which reflect the current views of Belpointe PREP, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (together with its subsidiaries, the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) with respect to, among other things, our future results of operations and financial performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by words such as “anticipate,” “approximately,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “outlook,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “seek,” “should,” “will,” and “would” or the negative version of these words or other comparable words or statements that do not relate strictly to historical or factual matters.By their nature, forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, are not statements of historical fact or guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions or changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict or quantify, in particular due to rising interest rates, increasing inflation and recent instability in the banking system, and the projected impact of such factors on our business, financial performance and operating results. Our expectations, beliefs and projections are expressed in good faith, and we believe there is a reasonable basis for them. However, there can be no assurance that management’s expectations, beliefs and projections will result or be achieved, and actual results may vary materially from what is expressed in or indicated by the forward-looking statements.

 

There are a number of risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K, including, among others, the risks set forth in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” and Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” as well as from time to time in our other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). A summary of principal risk factors that make investing in our securities risky and that may cause actual results to differ materially are set forth below:

 

  the impact of macroeconomic trends, such as the rate of unemployment, interest rates, the rate of inflation and the availability of credit;
     
  adverse developments in the availability of desirable investment opportunities whether due to competition, regulation or otherwise;
     
  general political, economic and competitive conditions in the United States;
     
  the level and volatility of prevailing interest rates and credit spreads;
     
  adverse changes in the real estate and real estate capital markets;
     
  the potential negative impacts of recent instability in the operating environment for U.S. banks and financial institutions on our ability to obtain construction financing;
     
  difficulties or delays in completing projects on budget and on schedule;
     
  difficulties or delays in raising sufficient proceeds in our ongoing public offering to fund our projects;
     
  changes in the rules and regulations relating to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, including the qualified opportunity zone regulations and Section 199A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) and the regulations adopted thereunder;
     
  our ability to comply with the rules and regulations relating to investing in qualified opportunity zones;
     
  limited ability to dispose of assets because of the relative illiquidity of real estate investments;
     
  intense competition in the real estate market that may limit our ability to attract or retain tenants or re-lease space;
     
  defaults on or non-renewal of leases by tenants;
     
  increased operating costs;
     
  our failure to obtain necessary outside financing;
     
  decreased rental rates or increased vacancy rates;

 

3
Table Of Contents

 

  difficulties in identifying properties to acquire and in consummating real estate acquisitions, developments, joint ventures and dispositions;
     
  our failure to successfully operate acquired properties and operations;
     
  exposure to liability relating to environmental and health and safety matters;
     
  changes in real estate and zoning laws and increases in real property tax rates;
     
  our failure to maintain our status as a publicly traded partnership and qualified opportunity fund;
     
  failure of acquisitions to yield anticipated results;
     
  risks associated with derivatives or hedging activity;
     
  our level of debt and the terms and limitations imposed on us by our debt agreements;
     
  the need to invest additional equity in connection with debt refinancings as a result of reduced asset values;
     
  our ability to retain our executive officers and other key personnel of Belpointe, LLC (our “Sponsor”), Belpointe PREP Manager, LLC (our “Manager”) and their affiliates;
     
  expected rates of return provided to investors;
     
  the ability of our Sponsor, Manager and their affiliates to source, originate and service our investments, and the quality and performance of these investments;
     
  legislative or regulatory changes impacting our business or our investments;
     
  changes in business conditions and the market value of our investments, including changes in interest rates, prepayment risk, operator or borrower defaults or bankruptcy, and generally the increased risk of loss if our investments fail to perform as expected;
     
  our ability to implement effective conflicts of interest policies and procedures among the various real estate investment programs sponsored by our Sponsor;
     
  our compliance with applicable local, state and federal laws, including the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and other laws;
     
  difficulty in successfully managing our growth, including integrating new assets into our existing systems; and
     
  changes to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or policy changes from standard-setting bodies such as the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the SEC, the Internal Revenue Service, the NYSE American and other authorities that we are subject to.

 

We caution you that the risks, uncertainties and other factors referenced above may not contain all of the risks, uncertainties and other factors that are important to you. There may be other factors that cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements, including factors discussed in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of this Form 10-K, as such factors may be updated from time to time in our periodic filings with the SEC, which are accessible on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. You should evaluate all forward-looking statements made in this Form 10-K in the context of these risks and uncertainties. In addition, we cannot assure you that we will realize the results, benefits or developments that we expect or anticipate or, even if substantially realized, that they will result in the consequences or affect us or our business in the way expected. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in these forward-looking statements, the inclusion of this information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that our plans, strategies and objectives, which we consider to be reasonable, will be achieved. All forward-looking statements in this Form 10-K apply only as of the date made and are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements included in this Form 10-K and in other filings we make with the SEC. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, except as required by law.

 

4
Table Of Contents

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

 

In this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Form 10-K”), unless context otherwise requires, references to “we,” “us,” “our,” “Belpointe” or the “Company” refer to Belpointe PREP, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, its operating companies, Belpointe PREP OC, LLC, a Delaware limited company, and Belpointe PREP TN OC, LLC, a Delaware limited company (each an “Operating Company” and, together, the “Operating Companies”), and each of the Operating Companies’ subsidiaries, taken together.

 

Overview of Our Business and Operations

 

We are the only publicly traded qualified opportunity fund listed on a national securities exchange. We are a Delaware limited liability company formed on January 24, 2020, and intend to operate in a manner that will allow us to qualify as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. We are focused on identifying, acquiring, developing or redeveloping and managing commercial real estate located within qualified opportunity zones. At least 90% of our assets consist of qualified opportunity zone property. We qualified as a qualified opportunity fund beginning with our taxable year ended December 31, 2020. Because we are a qualified opportunity fund certain of our investors are eligible for favorable capital gains tax treatment on their investments.

 

All of our assets are and will continue to be held by, and all of our operations are and will continue to be conducted through, one or more of our Operating Companies, either directly or indirectly through their subsidiaries. We are externally managed by Belpointe PREP Manager, LLC (our “Manager”), which is an affiliate of our sponsor, Belpointe, LLC (our “Sponsor”).

 

On September 30, 2021, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) declared effective our registration statement on Form S-11, as amended (File No. 333-255424) (the “Registration Statement”), registering a continuous primary offering of up to $750,000,000 in our Class A units (the “Primary Offering”). From the period of October 7, 2021, the date of the first closing held in connection with our Primary Offering, through December 31, 2021, we issued 2,132,039 Class A units in our Primary Offering, raising net offering proceeds of $212.6 million. For the year ended December 31, 2022, we issued 141,300 Class A units in connection with our Primary Offering, raising net offering proceeds of $13.5 million. Together with the gross proceeds raised by Belpointe REIT, Inc. (“Belpointe REIT”) in its prior offerings, as of December 31, 2022, we have raised aggregate gross offering cash proceeds of $346.3 million. See “—Our Transactions with Belpointe REIT, Inc.” for additional details regarding our transaction with Belpointe REIT.

 

Our Transactions with Belpointe REIT, Inc.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2021, pursuant to the terms of an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), we conducted an offer to exchange (the “Offer”) each outstanding share of common stock (the “Common Stock”), of Belpointe REIT validly tendered in the Offer for 1.05 of our Class A units, with any fractional Class A units rounded up to the nearest whole unit (the “Transaction Consideration”). The Offer was completed on September 14, 2021.

 

5
Table Of Contents

 

Following the Offer, and in accordance with the terms of the Merger Agreement, Belpointe REIT converted from a corporation into a limited liability company (the “Conversion”) named BREIT, LLC (“BREIT”). In the Conversion each outstanding share of Common Stock was converted into a limited liability company interest (an “Interest”) in BREIT. The Conversion was completed on October 1, 2021.

 

Following the Conversion, and in accordance with the terms of the Merger Agreement, BREIT merged with and into BREIT Merger, LLC (“BREIT Merger”), our wholly owned subsidiary (the “Merger”). In the Merger, each outstanding Interest was converted into the right to receive the Transaction Consideration. The Merger was completed on October 12, 2021.

 

Prior to and in connection with the Offer and Merger, we entered into a series of loan transactions with Belpointe REIT, whereby Belpointe REIT advanced us an aggregate of $74.0 million evidenced by a series of secured promissory notes (the “Secured Notes”) bearing interest at a rate of 0.14%, due and payable on December 31, 2021, and secured by all of our assets. Upon consummation of the Merger, BREIT Merger acquired the Secured Notes as successor in interest to Belpointe REIT and, effective October 12, 2021, we entered into a Release and Cancellation of Indebtedness agreement with BREIT Merger pursuant to the terms of which BREIT Merger cancelled the Secured Notes and discharged us from all obligations to repay the principal and any accrued interest on the Secured Notes.

 

Our Manager

 

We are externally managed by our Manager, Belpointe PREP Manager, LLC, and, pursuant to the terms of a management agreement between us, our Operating Companies and our Manager (the “Management Agreement”), our Manager manages our day-to-day operations, implements our investment objectives and strategy and performs certain services for us, subject to oversight by our board of directors (our “Board”). Subject to the limitations set forth in our Amended and Restated Limited Liability Company Operating Agreement (our “Operating Agreement”), a team of investment and asset management professionals, acting through our Manager, makes all decisions regarding the origination, selection, evaluation, structuring, acquisition, financing and development of our commercial real estate properties, real estate-related assets, including commercial real estate loans and mortgages, and debt and equity securities issued by other real estate-related companies, as well as private equity acquisitions and investments, and opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses.

 

Our Manager also provides portfolio management, marketing, investor relations, financial, accounting and other administrative services on our behalf with the goal of maximizing our operating cash flow and preserving our invested capital.

 

Our Sponsor

 

Our Sponsor, Belpointe, LLC, a leading investment firm based in Greenwich, Connecticut, operates a family office making private investments and oversees its businesses, such as wealth management, legal and real estate services. Our Sponsor’s senior executives have substantial experience in the acquisition, development and ownership of real estate and, as of December 31, 2022, its affiliates have facilitated or originated 13 real estate assets with aggregate purchase prices and construction costs of approximately $400 million. Our Sponsor’s financial management division also currently manages over $3 billion in public securities.

 

Our Investment Objectives and Investment Strategy

 

Our primary investment objectives are:

 

  to preserve, protect and return your capital contribution;
     
  to pay attractive and consistent cash distributions;
     
  to grow net cash from operations so that an increasing amount of cash flow is available for distributions to investors over the long term; and
     
  to realize growth in the value of our investments.

 

We cannot assure you that we will achieve our investment objectives. See Item 1A. “Risk Factors.”

 

6
Table Of Contents

 

Our initial investments consist of and are expected to continue to consist of properties located in qualified opportunity zones for the development or redevelopment of multifamily, student housing, senior living, healthcare, industrial, self-storage, hospitality, office, mixed-use, data centers and solar projects located throughout the United States and its territories. We also anticipate identifying, acquiring, developing or redeveloping and managing a wide range of commercial real estate properties located throughout the United States and its territories, including, but not limited to, real estate-related assets, such as commercial real estate loans and mortgages, and debt and equity securities issued by other real estate-related companies, as well as making private equity acquisitions and investments, and opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses, with the goal of increasing distributions and capital appreciation.

 

Our investment guidelines delegate to our Manager discretion and authority to execute acquisitions and dispositions of investments (including the reinvestment of capital basis and gains), provided such investments are consistent with our investment objectives and strategy and our investment guidelines. Our Manager’s investment committee will periodically review our portfolio of assets and investments, our investment objectives and strategy and our investment guidelines to determine whether they remain in the best interests of our members and may recommend changes to our Board as it deems appropriate. We may, at any time and without member approval, cease to be a qualified opportunity fund and acquire assets that do not qualify as qualified opportunity zone investments. Furthermore, there are no prohibitions in our Operating Agreement on the amount or percentage of assets that may be invested in a single property.

 

Qualified Opportunity Zone Program

 

The opportunity zone program is a community development program established by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 to encourage new long-term investment in low-income urban and rural communities nationwide. The opportunity zone program provides a tax incentive for investors to re-invest their unrealized capital gains into qualified opportunity funds dedicated to investing in “qualified opportunity zones.” Qualified opportunity zones are census tracts identified and nominated by the chief executives of every state and territory of the United States (e.g., state governors) and designated by the Secretary of the Treasury.

 

There are more than 8,700 qualified opportunity zones throughout the United States and its territories.

 

A “qualified opportunity fund” is generally defined as an investment vehicle that is taxed as a corporation or partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes and organized to invest in, and at least 90% of its assets consist of, qualified opportunity zone property (the “90% Asset Test”). A qualified opportunity fund must determine whether it meets the 90% Asset Test on each of (i) the last day of the first six-month period of its taxable year, and (ii) the last day of its taxable year (each a “Test Date”).

 

The opportunity zone regulations allow a qualified opportunity fund to apply the 90% Asset Test without taking into account any investments received in the 6-month period preceding the Test Date, provided those investments are (i) received (a) solely in exchange for stock by a qualified opportunity fund that is a corporation, or (b) as a contribution by a qualified opportunity fund that is a partnership, and (ii) held continuously from the fifth business day after the exchange or contribution, as applicable, through the Test Date in cash, cash equivalents or debt instruments with a term of 18 months or less.

 

Subject to a one-time six-month cure period, for each month following a Test Date in which a qualified opportunity fund fails to meet the 90% Asset Test it will incur a penalty equal to (a) the excess of 90% of the fund’s aggregate assets over the aggregate amount of qualified opportunity zone property held by the fund, multiplied by (b) the short-term federal interest rate plus 3%. However, notwithstanding a qualified opportunity fund’s failure to meet the 90% Asset Test, no penalty will be imposed if the fund demonstrates that its failure is due to reasonable cause.

 

We initially qualified as a qualified opportunity fund beginning with our taxable year ended December 31, 2020.

 

An eligible investor may defer recognition of capital gains (short-term or long-term) resulting from the sale or exchange of capital assets (or business assets the gain on the sale of which is treated as capital gain) by reinvesting those gains into a qualified opportunity fund within a period of 180 days generally beginning on the date of the sale or exchange (the “Deferred Capital Gains”). The 180-day period generally begins on the day on which the gains would be recognized for U.S. federal income tax purposes had they not been reinvested into a qualified opportunity fund. Deferred Capital Gains are recognized on the earlier of December 31, 2026 or the date on which an inclusion event occurs, such as the date on which the investor sells its qualified opportunity fund investment.

 

7
Table Of Contents

 

All individuals and entities that recognize capital gains for U.S. federal income tax purposes are eligible to elect to defer their capital gains by investing in a qualified opportunity fund within the applicable 180-day period. This includes natural persons as well as entities such as corporations, regulated investment companies, real estate investment trusts (“REITs”), partnerships and other pass-through entities (including, certain common trust funds, qualified settlement funds, and disputed ownership funds). Eligible investors must make deferral elections on Form 8949, Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets, which will need to be attached to their U.S. federal income tax returns for the taxable year in which the capital gain would have been recognized had it not been deferred. In addition, Form 8997, Initial and Annual Statement of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, requires eligible investors holding a qualified opportunity fund investment at any point during the tax year to report: (i) qualified opportunity fund investments holdings at the beginning and end of the tax year; (ii) current tax year capital gains deferred by investing in a qualified opportunity fund; and (iii) qualified opportunity fund investments disposed of during the tax year. Eligible investors who have not properly followed the instructions for Form 8997, Initial and Annual Statement of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, may receive a Letter 6502, Reporting Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, or a Letter 6503, Annual Reporting of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) if the IRS is missing information, the investor entered invalid information, or the requirements to maintain a qualifying investment have not been followed. Eligible investors who receive a Letter 6502, Reporting Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, or a Letter 6503, Annual Reporting of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, may need to file an amended return or an administrative adjustment request with a properly completed Form 8997, Initial and Annual Statement of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments.

 

An eligible investor may elect to increase the tax basis with respect to its qualified opportunity fund investment interest to the fair market value of the investment interest, and similarly may elect to exclude from income gains from sales of non-inventory assets by the qualified opportunity fund, if the investor holds the qualified opportunity fund investment interest for a period of ten years or more prior to the date of sale, up to December 31, 2047. Provided these requirements are met, for U.S. federal income tax purposes an eligible investor will not be required to pay federal income tax on a sale of its qualified opportunity fund investment interest. This benefit will not be available with respect to sales or exchanges after December 31, 2047.

 

Our Investments

 

As of the date of this Form 10-K, our investment portfolio consisted of the following multifamily and mixed-use rental properties:

 

1991 Main Street – Sarasota, Florida – 1991 Main Street (“1991 Main”) is a 5.13-acre site which was originally acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $20.7 million, inclusive of transaction costs and deferred financing fees. A portion of the aggregate purchase of 1991 Main was funded by a $10.8 million secured loan from First Foundation Bank (the “Acquisition Loan”), which we repaid in full on April 22, 2022.

 

We currently anticipate that 1991 Main will be developed into a 424-apartment home community consisting of one-bedroom, two-bedroom and three-bedroom apartments, and four-bedroom townhome-style penthouse apartments, as well as six guest suite apartments, with approximately 51,000 square feet of retail space located on the first level. 1991 Main will consist of two high-rise buildings with 7 stories in the front and 10 stories in the rear, and over 900 parking spaces consisting of garage and surface parking. Each building will include a clubroom, fitness room, center courtyard with heated saltwater pool and roof top amenities including a community room and a private dining area for private events as well as outdoor grills and seating. In addition, each building will have its own leasing office located at the entry lobby.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, we entered into a construction management agreement for the development of 1991 Main. The construction management agreement contains terms and conditions that are customary for a project of this type and will be subject to a guaranteed maximum price (a “GMP”). We currently anticipate that the remaining funding for construction and soft costs associated with the development will be a minimum of $218.9 million, inclusive of the GMP, and are building to an estimated unlevered yield of greater than 6%. The development is currently under construction, and we expect initial occupancies to occur in the first half of 2024. Construction is expected to be completed by the end of 2024.

 

1991 Main is located within the historic downtown Sarasota at the intersection of Main Street and Links Avenue, has a Walk Score® ranking of 90 out of 100, and is located in a high foot traffic area next to a number of popular retail establishments.

 

1900 Fruitville Road – Sarasota Florida – 1900 Fruitville Road (“1900 Fruitville”) is a 1.2-acre site, consisting of a retail building and parking lot, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $4.7 million, inclusive of transaction costs. The sole tenant in the building vacated in January 2022 and we currently anticipate that the property will be used as a future development site.

 

902-1020 First Avenue North and 900 First Avenue North – St. Petersburg, Florida – 902-1020 First Avenue North (“902-1020 First”) consists of several parcels, comprising 1.6-acres of land, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $12.1 million, inclusive of transaction costs. We currently anticipate that 902-1020 First will be developed into a high-rise building featuring approximately 269-apartment homes consisting of studio, one-bedroom, two-bedroom and three-bedroom units, with approximately 15,500 square feet of retail space located on the first level and a four-level parking garage. We currently anticipate that 902-1020 First will consist of a 15-story high-rise building, comprised of two 11-story residential towers above a 4-story parking garage. We currently anticipate amenities will include a clubroom, fitness center, courtyard with a swimming pool, shared working space and a leasing office. 902-1020 First is located in the downtown district of St. Petersburg, one mile west of Tampa Bay and the downtown waterfront district, as a Walk Score® ranking of 91 out of 100 and features direct access to downtown amenities such as public parking, restaurants, museums and cultural sites.

 

8
Table Of Contents

 

900 First Avenue North (“900 First”) is a parcel of land with a two-tenant retail building which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $2.5 million, inclusive of transaction costs. 900 First will remain a two-tenant retail building and we have taken the additional development rights and added them to 902-1020 First.

 

St. Petersburg placed 44th on Niche’s 2023 Best Cities to Live in America list, earning an Overall Niche Grade of A. St. Petersburg is the 5th largest city in Florida and the 88th largest city in the United States and has an average annual population growth rate of approximately 1.57% since 2020. Downtown St. Petersburg is one of the fastest growing neighborhoods in the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater metropolitan statistical area (“MSA”) and has experienced increased demand in recent years because of proximity to the water, sporting events, shopping, bars and restaurants in the neighborhood. The Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater MSA is home to more than 20 corporate headquarters, seven of which are Fortune 1,000 companies. The St. Petersburg area also includes a branch of St. Petersburg College and the University of South Florida St. Petersburg and is home to two professional sports teams, the Tampa Bay Rays (Major League Baseball) and the Tampa Bay Rowdies (United Soccer League Championship).

 

1701, 1702 and 1710 Ringling Boulevard – Sarasota, Florida – 1701 Ringling Boulevard (“1701 Ringling”) and 1710 Ringling Boulevard (“1710 Ringling”) make up a 1.6-acre site, consisting of a six-story office building and a parking lot which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $7.0 million, inclusive of transaction costs. We currently anticipate that 1701 Ringling will be renovated into a modern office building, consisting of approximately 80,000 square feet of rentable space, with 1710 Ringling consisting of an approximately 128-space parking lot. Upon acquiring 1701 Ringling we entered into a new lease agreement with the existing tenant covering approximately 42,000 square feet for an initial term of 20 years, and several lease extension options. Renovations to 1701 Ringling will include the creation of a glass front lobby area, the conversion of the existing freight elevator into an oversized passenger elevator and the reinstallation of windows into the façade.

 

1702 Ringling Boulevard (“1702 Ringling” and, together with 1701 Ringling and 1710 Ringling, “1701-1710 Ringling”) is a 0.327-acre site consisting of a fully-leased, single-story 1,546 gross square foot single-tenant office building and associated parking lot, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $1.5 million, inclusive of transaction costs. We currently anticipate holding 1702 Ringling for future multifamily development and density and massing studies are underway for conceptual design.

 

1701-1710 Ringling is located within the historic downtown Sarasota area along Ringling Boulevard, a major two-way arterial road, with good access to the surrounding Sarasota market, as well as easy access to Interstate 75 and the greater Tampa-St Petersburgh area. 1701-1710 Ringling has a Walk Score® ranking of 93 out of 100, and is located in a high foot traffic area close to a number of popular restaurants and retail establishments. Overall, the neighborhood is in the stable to growth trend stage of its life cycle.

 

497-501 Middle Turnpike and Cedar Swamp RoadStorrs, Connecticut – 497-501 Middle Turnpike (“497-501 Middle”) is an approximately 60.0-acre site, consisting of approximately 30 acres of former golf course and approximately 30 acres of undeveloped hiking and biking trails surrounding wetlands. We acquired a majority ownership interest in CMC Storrs SPV, LLC (“CMC”), the holding company for 497-501 Middle, for an initial capital contribution of $3.8 million.

 

We currently anticipate that 497-501 Middle will be developed into an approximately 250-apartment home community and that amenities will include a leasing office, clubhouse with a demonstration kitchen, fitness center, game room, study/lounge area, meeting rooms, and an outside AstroTurf meadow.

 

Cedar Swamp Road (“Cedar Swamp Road”) is a 1.1-acre site immediately adjacent to 497-501 Middle, which we acquired for a purchase price of $0.3 million, inclusive of transaction costs. We currently anticipate adding Cedar Swamp Road to the 497-501 Middle development.

 

497-501 Middle and Cedar Swamp Road are located less than a mile from the main college campus at the University of Connecticut (“UConn”) in Storrs, Connecticut (“Storrs”), approximately 30 minutes from Hartford, Connecticut, and 90 minutes from Boston, Massachusetts. UConn ranked 26th among “top public universities” nationally in the 2022 U.S. New & World Report (“U.S. News”) collegiate rankings, and, based on a fact sheet published by UConn, over 18,000 undergraduate students attended college at the Storrs campus in 2021, with 75% of those students living off campus. According to U.S. News, UConn has one of the worst housing units to student ratios of major universities in the U.S.

 

9
Table Of Contents

 

900 8th Avenue South – Nashville, Tennessee – 900 8th Avenue South (“900 8th Avenue South” or “Nashville No. 1”) is a 3.2-acre land assemblage, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $19.7 million, inclusive of transaction costs. We recently completed the demolition of an existing structure on 900 8th Avenue South and currently anticipate a future mixed-use development.

 

As part of our acquisition of 900 8th Avenue South, on February 24, 2021, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of our Operating Company and an unaffiliated third party (the “JV Partner”) entered into a limited liability company agreement (the “LLC Agreement”) for BPOZ 900 Eighth QOZB, LLC (the “BPOZ 900 Eighth QOZB”), an indirect holding company for 900 8th Avenue South. Pursuant to the LLC Agreement, the JV Partner assigned the purchase and sale agreement for 900 8th Avenue South together with a previously paid property deposit of $0.4 million to BPOZ 900 Eighth QOZB in exchange for the JV Partner’s deemed initial capital contribution of $0.2 million and a promissory note (the “900 Eighth Promissory Note”) from 900 Eighth, LP, the direct holding company for 900 8th Avenue South, in the amount of $0.2 million. The 900 Eighth Promissory Note earned interest at the greater of (i) 1% per annum, or (ii) the short-term adjusted applicable federal rate for the current month for purposes of Section 1288(b) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), and was repaid in full in April 2022.

 

A 2022 report published by PricewaterhouseCoopers ranked Nashville as the number one real estate market, with the best overall real estate prospects and one of the fastest-growing metro areas. Nashville is headquarters to a diverse group of Fortune 1000 companies, such as HCA Healthcare, Dollar General, Community Healthy Systems, Delek, Tractor Supply, Brookdale Senior Living, Acadia Healthcare, Cracker Barrel, Louisiana-Pacific and Genesco. It is also home to a number of colleges and universities, such as Tennessee State University, Vanderbilt University, Belmont University, Fisk University, Trevecca Nazarene University and Lipscomb University. Nashville is the largest apartment market in the state of Tennessee, and currently the Nashville apartment market has a 94.2% occupancy rate. While COVID-19 disrupted economic growth trends in Nashville, the metro has seen job growth return over the past several months coinciding with the phased reopening of the local economy.

 

900 8th Avenue South is located in central Nashville at the north end of the 8th Avenue south district, has a Walk Score® ranking of 85 out of 100, and is located within walking distance of a number of popular retail, dining and nightlife establishments in downtown Nashville.

 

1700 Main Street – Sarasota, Florida – 1700 Main Street (“1700 Main”) is a 1.3-acre site, consisting of a former gas station, a three-story office building with parking lot and a three-story retail building, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $6.9 million, inclusive of transaction costs. We currently anticipate that 1700 Main will be redeveloped into a 168-apartment home community consisting of one-bedroom, two-bedroom and three-bedroom units, with approximately 7,000 square feet of retail space located on the first two levels. We anticipate that 1700 Main will consist of a 10-story podium style building with a 3-story, 360-space garage and 7 stories of apartments above, including a clubroom, fitness center, courtyards with a swimming pool and rooftop terraces as well as a leasing office. We have placed the development of 1700 Main on hold pending re-zoning by the City of Sarasota. We have engaged an architectural firm for conceptual studies so that we can prepare a design to present to the City of Sarasota for approval once the re-zoning is complete.

 

U.S. News & World Report ranked Sarasota as the ninth best place to live in the United States for 2021-2022, number two among the fastest growing places in the U.S., and the number one best place to retire. Sarasota is headquarters to a diverse group of large companies, such as Boar’s Head Provisions, CAE Healthcare, PGT Innovations, Tervis, Sun Hydraulics and Voalte. The Sarasota area also has a large number of universities including the University of Southern Florida, Florida State University’s College of Medicine campus, Ringling College, State College of Florida, Keiser College and New College of Florida. According to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the housing demand for the Northport-Sarasota-Bradenton MSA is 11,950 new units between August 2020-2023, but only 3,250 housing units will be delivered in that timeframe causing a short fall of 8,700 units by the completion of construction. In addition, Sarasota was included in Forbes’ list of cities that have experienced the highest rental rate jumps year-over-year for the September 2020-2021 period, with an average increase of 21%.

 

10
Table Of Contents

 

1700 Main is located within the historic downtown Sarasota area along Main Street, has a Walk Score® ranking of 95 out of 100, and is located in a high foot traffic area next to a number of popular restaurants and retail establishments.

 

Nashville No. 2 – Nashville, Tennessee – Our second investment in Nashville, Tennessee (“Nashville No. 2”) is an approximately 8.0-acre site, consisting of two industrial buildings and associated parking, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $21.0 million, inclusive of transaction costs. We currently anticipate that Nashville No. 2 will be redeveloped into mixed-use residential community consisting of studio, one-bedroom, two-bedroom and three-bedroom apartments. The buildings will have a fitness center, game room, co-working spaces, outdoor heated saltwater swimming pool, riverfront courtyards and rooftop terraces as well as a leasing office.

 

Nashville No. 3 – Nashville, Tennessee – Our third investment in Nashville, Tennessee, is an approximately 1.7-acre site consisting of a single-story, 10,000 square foot retail building and associated parking lot, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $2.1 million, inclusive of transaction costs. The building is leased back to the seller through November 2023, with the ability to continue month to month thereafter.

 

Nashville No. 4 – Nashville, Tennessee – Our fourth investment in Nashville, Tennessee, is an approximately 5.9-acre site consisting of an industrial building, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $16.4 million, inclusive of transaction costs. The building is leased back to the seller through June 2024. We currently anticipate that Nashville No. 4 will be redeveloped into a mixed-use residential community consisting of studio, one-bedroom, two-bedroom and three bedroom apartments.

 

Storrs RoadStorrs, Connecticut – Storrs Road (“Storrs Road”) is a 9.0-acre parcel of land near UConn, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $0.1 million, inclusive of transaction costs. We currently anticipate holding Storrs Road for future multifamily development.

 

1750 Storrs Road - Storrs, Connecticut - 1750 Storrs Road (“1750 Storrs”) is an approximately 19.0-acre development site near UConn, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $5.5 million, inclusive of transaction costs.

We currently anticipate that 1750 Storrs will be developed into a multifamily mixed-use development, featuring one-bedroom, two-bedroom and three-bedroom townhomes. Amenities are anticipated to include a clubhouse, with state-of-the-art fitness center, chef’s kitchen and more.

 

901-909 Central Avenue North – St. Petersburg, Florida – 901-909 Central Avenue North is a 0.13-acre site consisting of a fully-leased single-story 5,328 gross square foot retail/office building comprised of 4 units located in St. Petersburg, Florida, which we acquired for an aggregate purchase price of $2.6 million, inclusive of transaction costs.

 

11
Table Of Contents

 

Joint Venture and Other Co-Ownership Arrangements

 

Each of our assets has either an affiliate of our Sponsor or Manager, such as Belpointe SP, LLC (“Belpointe SP”), or their respective affiliates (together with Belpointe SP, the “Belpointe SP Group”), or an independent third party, or any combination of the foregoing, as the sponsor or co-sponsor, general partner or co-general partner, manager or co-manager, developer or co-developer of the investment (each an “Investment Partner”), and our role, in general, is as a passive investor.

 

Entering into joint venture investments aligns our interests with the interests of our Investment Partner for the benefit of the holders of our Class A units by leveraging of our capital resources and our Investment Partner’s extensive industry relationships and significant acquisition, development and management expertise to: (i) achieve potentially greater returns on our invested capital; (ii) diversify our access to investment opportunities; and (iii) promote our brand and potentially increase our market share.

 

Borrowing Policy

 

We intend to employ leverage in order to provide more funds available for investment. Leverage will allow us to make more investments than would otherwise be possible, resulting in a broader portfolio. We believe that careful use of conservatively structured leverage will help us to achieve our diversification goals and potentially enhance the returns on our investments. We also believe that our Sponsor’s ability to obtain both competitive financings and its relationships with top tier financial institutions will allow our Manager to access and successfully employ competitively priced borrowing.

 

Our targeted aggregate property-level leverage, excluding any debt at the Company level or on assets under development or redevelopment, after we have acquired a substantial portfolio of stabilized commercial real estate, is between 50-70% of the greater of the cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or the fair market value of our assets. During the period when we are acquiring, developing and redeveloping our investments, we may employ greater leverage on individual assets. An example of property-level leverage is a mortgage loan secured by an individual property or portfolio of properties incurred or assumed in connection with our acquisition of such property or portfolio of properties. An example of debt at the Company level is a line of credit obtained by us or our Operating Companies.

 

Our Manager may from time to time modify our leverage policy in its discretion in light of then-current economic conditions, relative costs of debt and equity capital, market values of our assets, general conditions in the market for debt and equity securities, growth and acquisition opportunities or other factors. There is no limit on the amount we may borrow with respect to any individual property or portfolio. For an overview of our borrowings, see Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources.”

 

12
Table Of Contents

 

Disposition Policies

 

The period that we will hold our investments will vary depending on a number of factors, including the type of investment, interest rates and economic and market conditions. Our Manager’s investment committee will develop a well-defined exit strategy for each investment we make and will periodically perform a hold-sell analysis to determine the optimal holding period for generating strong returns. As each of our investments reach what we believe to be its maximum value we will consider disposing of the investment and may do so for the purpose of either distributing the net sale proceeds to holders of our Class A units or investing the proceeds in other investments that we believe may produce a higher overall future return. However, we may sell any or all of our investments before or after their anticipated holding period if, in the judgment of our Manager’s investment committee, selling the investment is in our best interest.

 

The determination of when a particular investment should be sold or otherwise disposed of will be made after consideration of all relevant factors, including prevailing and projected economic and market conditions, whether the value of the investment is anticipated to change substantially, whether we could apply the proceeds from the sale to make other investments consistent with our investment objectives and strategy, whether disposition of the investment would allow us to increase cash flow, and whether the sale of the investment would impact our intended qualification as a publicly traded partnership and qualified opportunity fund.

 

Taxation of the Company

 

We currently intend to operate in a manner that will allow us to qualify as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. If our Manager determines that it is no longer in our best interests to continue as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes, our Manager may elect to treat us as an association or as a publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal (and applicable state) income tax purposes. If we elect to be taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal (and applicable state) income tax purposes, we may also elect to qualify and be taxed as a REIT.

 

Generally, an entity that is treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes is not a taxable entity and incurs no U.S. federal income tax liability. Rather, each partner is required to take into account its allocable share of items of income, gain, loss and deduction of the partnership in determining its U.S. federal income tax liability, regardless of whether cash distributions are made. Distributions of cash by a partnership to a partner are not taxable unless the amount of cash distributed to a partner is in excess of the partner’s adjusted basis in its partnership interest.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, unless an exception applies, an entity that would otherwise be classified as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes may nevertheless be taxable as a corporation if it is a “publicly traded partnership” within the meaning of Section 7704 the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). An entity that would otherwise be classified as a partnership is a publicly traded partnership within the meaning of Section 7704 of the Code if its interests are (i) traded on an established securities market, or (ii) readily tradable on a secondary market or the substantial equivalent thereof. Our Class A units are listed on the NYSE American under the symbol “OZ.” There is, however, an exception to taxation as a corporation which is available if at least 90% of a partnership’s gross income for every taxable year consists of “qualifying income”and the partnership is not required to register under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Qualifying Income Exception”). Qualifying income includes certain interest income (other than from a financial business), dividends, real property rents, gains from the sale or other disposition of real property and any gain from the sale or disposition of a capital asset or other property held for the production of income that otherwise constitutes qualifying income. We intend to manage our affairs so that we will meet the Qualifying Income Exception in each taxable year and so that neither we nor any of our subsidiaries are required to register under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.

 

Government Regulation

 

Our operations are subject, in certain instances, to supervision and regulation by federal, state and local governmental authorities, and may be subject to various laws, regulations and judicial and administrative decisions imposing various requirements and restrictions, including, among others, (i) federal and state securities laws and regulations, (ii) federal, state and local tax laws and regulations, (iii) state and local laws relating to real property, (iv) federal, state and local environmental laws, ordinances and regulations, and (v) various laws relating to housing, including rent control and stabilization laws, the Fair Housing Amendment Act of 1988 and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, among others.

 

13
Table Of Contents

 

Compliance with the federal, state and local laws is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our business, assets or results of operations, and we do not expect to incur material expenditures to comply with the laws and regulations to which we are subject.

 

Competition

 

We face competition from various entities for investment opportunities, including other qualified opportunity funds, REITs, Delaware statutory trusts, pension funds, insurance companies, private equity and other alternative investment funds and companies, partnerships and developers. In addition to third-party competitors, we may compete for investment opportunities with other programs sponsored by our Sponsor and its affiliates, especially those with investment strategies similar to our own.

 

Most of our current and potential competitors have significantly more financial, technical, marketing and other resources than we do. Larger competitors may also enjoy significant advantages that result from, among other things, a lower cost of capital and enhanced operating efficiencies. In addition, the number of entities and the amount of funds competing for investment opportunities may increase over time. Any such increase would result in a greater demand for investment opportunities and could result in our acquiring assets and investments at higher prices or using less than ideal capital structures.

 

In the face of such competition, we expect to greatly benefit from our Manager’s access to our Sponsor’s investment and operating platforms, including without limitation, our Sponsor’s highly experienced management team with significant real estate and asset management expertise, extensive market knowledge and network of industry relationships, which we believe will provide us with our own competitive advantage and will help us source, evaluate and compete for investment opportunities.

 

Human Capital

 

We are externally managed and currently have no employees or intention of having any employees. We rely on our Manager to manage our day-to-day operations, implement our investment objectives and investment strategy and perform certain services for us pursuant to the Management Agreement. These services are provided by individuals who are employees of our Sponsor or one or more of its affiliates.

 

We, our Manager and our Sponsor are a party to an employee and cost sharing agreement (the “Employee and Cost Sharing Agreement”) pursuant to which our Sponsor provides our Manager with access to portfolio management, asset valuation, risk management and asset management services, as well as administration services addressing legal, compliance, investor relations and information technologies necessary for the performance by our Manager of its duties under the Management Agreement. Pursuant to the Management Agreement, our Manager or one or more of its affiliates is entitled to receive expense reimbursements and a quarterly management fee. Pursuant to the Employee and Cost Sharing Agreement, our Sponsor or one or more of its affiliates is entitled to receive expense reimbursements and our Manager’s allocable share of employment costs incurred by the Sponsor.

 

Available Information

 

Holders of our Class A units may obtain copies of our filings with the SEC, free of charge, from the SEC’s website, www.sec.gov, or from our website, www.belpointeoz.com.

 

The contents of our website are solely for informational purposes and the information on our website is not part of or incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K.

 

From time to time we may use our website as a distribution channel for material company information, accordingly investors should monitor our website in addition to following our press releases and SEC filings.

 

14
Table Of Contents

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

You should carefully consider the following material risks in addition to the other information contained in this Form 10-K. The occurrence of any of the following risks might have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition. The risks and uncertainties discussed below are not the only ones we face but do represent those risks and uncertainties that we believe are most significant to our business, operating results, prospects, and financial condition. Some statements in this Form 10-K, including statements in the following risk factors, constitute forward-looking statements. Please refer to the section entitled “Forward-Looking Statements.” As used herein, the term “you” refers to our current unitholders or potential investors in our Class A units, as applicable.

 

Risks Related to our Organizational Structure

 

We have a limited operating history, and the prior performance of our Sponsor or other real estate investment opportunities sponsored by our Sponsor may not predict our future results.

 

We are a recently formed company and have a limited operating history and we may not be able to achieve our investment objectives. As of the year ended December 31, 2022, we had 17 qualified opportunity zone investments in three states and are primarily reliant on the proceeds derived from our public offerings and any financing that might be provided by our Sponsor or its affiliates to fund our operations. We cannot assure you that the past experiences of our Sponsor or its affiliates will be sufficient to allow us to successfully achieve our investment objectives.

 

In addition, there can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully identify, make and realize any additional investments or generate returns for our investors. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that our investors will receive any distributions. These factors increase the risk that your investment may not generate returns comparable to other real estate investment alternatives.

 

We have only held our investments for a limited period of time, and you will not have the opportunity to evaluate our future investments before we make them, which makes your investment more speculative.

 

We have only held our investments for a limited period of time and are not able to provide you with any information to assist you in evaluating the merits of any specific properties or real estate-related investments that we may acquire, except for investments that may be described in one or more filings that we make with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). We will continue to seek to invest substantially all of the net offering proceeds from our Primary Offering, and any other offerings that we may conduct, after the payment of fees and expenses, in the acquisition of or investment in real estate and real estate-related assets, including commercial real estate loans and mortgages, and debt and equity securities issued by other real estate companies, as well as select private equity investments, and opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses. However, because you will be unable to evaluate the economic merit of our investments before we make them, you will have to rely entirely on the ability of our Manager to select suitable and successful investment opportunities. There can be no assurance that our Manager will be successful in obtaining suitable investments or that, if such investments are made, our investment objectives will be achieved. Furthermore, our Manager has broad discretion in selecting investments, and you will not have the opportunity to evaluate potential investments. These factors increase the risk that your investment may not generate returns comparable to other investment alternatives.

 

Our Class A units are listed on the NYSE American, however, an active, liquid and orderly market for our Class A units may not develop or be sustained.

 

Our Class A units are listed on the NYSE American under the symbol “OZ,” however, an active, liquid and orderly market for our Class A units may not be sustained. Further, because we are a qualified opportunity fund eligible investors may defer recognition of capital gains (short-term or long-term) resulting from the sale or exchange of capital assets (or business assets the gain on sale of which is treated as a capital gain) by reinvesting those gains into our Class A units within a period of 180 days generally beginning on the date of the sale or exchange (the “Deferred Capital Gains”). Deferred Capital Gains are recognized on the earlier of December 31, 2026, or the date on which an inclusion event occurs, such as the date on which an investor sells their Class A units. Eligible investors may also elect to increase the tax basis of Class A units held by them to their fair market value on the date of sale or exchange if they hold our Class A units for a period of ten years or more, up to December 31, 2047. This benefit is not available with respect to sales or exchanges after December 31, 2047. Consequently, fewer Class A units may be actively traded in the public markets which would reduce the liquidity of the market for our Class A units. If an active market for our Class A units is not sustained, you may be unable to sell your Class A units at the time you desire to sell them, at a price at or above the price you paid for them, or without experiencing volatility in the price of our Class A units. An inactive market may also impair our ability to raise capital by selling Class A units and may impair our ability to make opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses using our Class A units as consideration.

 

15
Table Of Contents

 

If we are unable to raise sufficient proceeds in our ongoing Primary Offering, and any other offerings that we may conduct, we may not be able to fund all of our existing projects or find additional suitable investments, and, as a result, we may not be able to achieve our investment objectives or pay distributions.

 

Our ability to achieve our investment objectives and to pay distributions depends, in part, on our ability to fund our existing projects and on the ability of our Manager to find additional suitable and successful investment opportunities for us. If we fail to raise sufficient proceeds from the sale of Class A units in our Primary Offering, and any other offerings that we may conduct, we may be unable to fund all of our existing projects or to make additional suitable investments. At the same time, the more money we raise in our Primary Offering, and any other offerings that we may conduct, the greater our challenge will be to invest all of the net offering proceeds in investments that meet our investment criteria. Our investments consist of and are expected to continue to consist of properties located in qualified opportunity zones for the development or redevelopment of multifamily, student housing, senior living, healthcare, industrial, self-storage, hospitality, office, mixed-use, data centers and solar projects (collectively, “the qualified opportunity zone investments”) located throughout the United States and its territories. We also anticipate identifying, acquiring, developing or redeveloping and managing a wide range of commercial real estate properties located throughout the United States and its territories, including, but not limited to, real estate-related assets, such as commercial real estate loans and mortgages, and debt and equity securities issued by other real estate-related companies, as well as making private equity acquisitions and investments, and opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses, with the goal of increasing distributions and capital appreciation. We cannot assure you that our Manager will be successful in locating and obtaining additional suitable qualified opportunity zone investments or that, if our Manager makes additional qualified opportunity zone investments on our behalf, our objectives will be achieved. What’s more, increased competition from other opportunity zone funds as well as any prospective legislative or regulatory changes related to qualified opportunity zone investments, may make it more difficult for our Manager to make suitable qualified opportunity zone investments. If we, through our Manager, are unable to find suitable investments promptly, we may invest in short-term, investment-grade obligations or accounts in a manner that is consistent with our qualification as a publicly traded partnership and qualified opportunity fund. If we would continue to be unsuccessful in locating suitable investments, we may ultimately decide to liquidate. In the event we are unable to timely locate suitable investments, we may be unable or limited in our ability to pay distributions and we may not be able to meet our investment objectives.

 

Our ability to deploy the capital we raise in our Primary Offering may be constrained.

 

We may have difficulty identifying and purchasing suitable properties on attractive terms. In addition, increased competition from other opportunity zone funds, a lack of suitable qualified opportunity zone investment opportunities or other market-related constraints, may also make it more difficult for our Manager to deploy the capital we raise in our Primary Offering. Therefore, there could be a delay between the time we receive net proceeds from the sale of our Class A units in our Primary Offering and the time we invest the net proceeds. This could cause a substantial delay in the time it takes for your investment to realize its full potential return and could adversely affect our ability to pay regular distributions of cash flow from operations to you. If we fail to timely invest the net proceeds of our Primary Offering, our results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.

 

Our NAV per Class A unit may change materially from our current NAV.

 

We plan to calculate the net asset value (“NAV”) of our Class A units on a quarterly basis. The per Class A unit purchase price will be adjusted within approximately 60 days of the last day of each quarter (the “Determination Date”). We will calculate our NAV as of the Determination Date (rounded to the nearest dollar) and any adjustment to our NAV will take effect as of the first business day following its public announcement. Our adjusted NAV per Class A unit will be equal to our adjusted NAV as of the Determination Date (rounded to the nearest dollar) divided by the number of Class A units outstanding on the Determination Date.

 

16
Table Of Contents

 

Valuations and appraisals of our real estate and real estate assets are estimates of fair value and may not necessarily correspond to realizable value, in addition it may be difficult to reflect, fully and accurately, material events that impact our NAV.

 

Our NAV will be calculated using a process that may reflect some or all of the following components: (i) estimated values of each of our assets and investments, including related liabilities (but may, in our discretion, exclude deal-level carried interest allocations), based on: (a) market capitalization rates, comparable transaction information, interest rates, adjusted net operating income; (b) with respect to debt, default rates, discount rates and loss severity rates; (c) for commercial real estate properties that have development or value add plans, progress along such development or value add plans; and (d) in certain instances, reports of the underlying assets and investments by an independent valuation expert; (ii) the price of liquid assets for which third party market quotes are available; (iii) accruals of our periodic distributions; and (iv) estimated accruals of our operating revenues and expenses (excluding property management oversight fees).

 

We may engage a third party to prepare or assist with preparing the NAV of our Class A units. In addition, where we determine that an independent appraisal is necessary, including, without limitation, where our Manager is unsure of its ability to accurately determine the estimated values of our assets and investments, or where third party market values for comparable assets and investments are either nonexistent or extremely inconsistent, we may engage an appraiser that has expertise in appraising the types of assets and investments that we hold to act as our independent valuation expert. The independent valuation expert will not be responsible for, prepare or assist with preparing our NAV per Class A unit.

 

As with any asset valuation protocol, the conclusions reached by our Manager or any third-party firm that we engage to prepare or assist with preparing the NAV of our Class A units will involve significant judgments, assumptions, and opinions in the application of both observable and unobservable attributes that may or may not prove to be correct. The use of different judgments or assumptions would likely result in different estimates of the value of our assets and investments and, consequently, our NAV. Moreover, although we will calculate and provide our NAV on a quarterly basis, our NAV may fluctuate daily, accordingly the NAV in effect for any given fiscal quarter may not accurately reflect the amount that might otherwise be paid for your Class A units in a market transaction. Further, for any given fiscal quarter, our published NAV may not fully reflect certain material events to the extent that they are unknown or their financial impact on our assets or investments is not immediately quantifiable.

 

Our goal is to provide a reasonable estimate of the market value of our Class A units within approximately 60 days of the last day of each quarter.

 

NAV calculations are not set by governmental or independent securities, financial or accounting rules or standards.

 

It is important to note that the determination of our NAV will not be based on, nor is it intended to comply with, fair value standards under U.S. GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions. In addition, we do not represent, warrant or guarantee that: (i) you will be able to realize the NAV per Class A unit for your Class A units if you attempt to sell them; (ii) you will ultimately realize distributions per Class A unit equal to the NAV per Class A units you own upon liquidation of our assets and investments and settlement of our liabilities or a sale of our company; (iii) our Class A units will trade at their NAV per Class A unit on the NYSE; or (iv) a third party would offer the NAV per Class A unit in an arm’s-length transaction to purchase all or substantially all of our Class A units. Furthermore, any distributions that we make will directly impact our NAV, by reducing the amount of our assets.

 

Our Sponsor does not hold a significant amount of our equity, and therefore may not be as strongly incentivized to avoid losses as a sponsor who holds a significant equity investment, and as a result you may be more likely to sustain a loss on your investment.

 

Our Sponsor, Belpointe, LLC, and an affiliate of our Sponsor have acquired 100 of our Class A units in connection with our formation for net proceeds to us of $10,000. Accordingly, our Sponsor will have very little exposure to a loss in the value of our Class A units. Without this exposure, you may be at a greater risk of loss because our Sponsor does not have as much to lose from a decrease in the value of our Class A units as a sponsor who makes a more significant equity investment would.

 

17
Table Of Contents

 

Our Sponsor currently sponsors and will in the future sponsor other investment programs some of which may compete with us.

 

Our Sponsor has previously sponsored two real estate funds and a qualified opportunity fund with investment criteria similar to ours. Our Sponsor and its affiliates will in the future sponsor other investment programs, some of which may compete with us or have similar investment criteria to our own, and there are no limits or restrictions on the right of our Sponsor, or any of its affiliates, including our Manager, to engage in any other business or sponsor any other investment programs of any kind.

 

Our Manager and its affiliates have little or no experience managing a portfolio of assets in the manner necessary to maintain our qualification as a publicly traded partnership and qualified opportunity fund or our exclusion or exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act.

 

In order to maintain our intended qualification as a publicly traded partnership and qualified opportunity fund and our exclusion or exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”), our assets and investments may be subject to certain restrictions that could limit our operations meaningfully. The publicly traded partnership rules and regulations, Opportunity Zone Regulations (as hereinafter defined) and exclusions and exemptions from registration under the Investment Company Act are highly technical and complex, and our failure to comply with the requirements and limitations imposed by these rules and regulations could prevent us from qualifying as a publicly traded partnership or qualified opportunity fund or could force us to pay unexpected taxes and penalties. Our Manager and its affiliates have little or no experience managing assets and investments in the manner necessary to maintain our intended qualification as a publicly traded partnership and qualified opportunity fund or our exclusion or exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act. This inexperience may hinder our ability to achieve our objectives, result in our failing to achieve or losing of our qualification as a publicly traded partnership or qualified opportunity fund or our exclusion or exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act. As a result, we cannot assure you that we will be able to successfully operate as a publicly traded partnership and qualified opportunity fund, comply with regulatory requirements applicable to publicly traded partnerships and qualified opportunity funds, maintain our exclusion or an exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act, or execute our business strategies.

 

Any adverse changes in our Sponsor’s financial health, or our Sponsor’s or our relationship with our Manager or its affiliates could hinder our operating performance.

 

We, our Operating Companies, and our Manager have entered into a Management Agreement pursuant to which our Manager manages our day-to-day operations, implements our investment objectives and strategy and performs certain services for us, subject to oversight by our Board.

 

We, our Operating Companies, our Sponsor and our Manager have also entered into an Employee and Cost Sharing Agreement pursuant to which our Manager is provided with access to, among other things, our Sponsor’s and its affiliates’ portfolio management, asset valuation, risk management and asset management professionals and services as well as administration professionals and services addressing legal, compliance, investor relations and information technologies necessary for the performance by our Manager of its duties under the Management Agreement.

 

This team of investment, asset management and other professionals, acting through our Manager, makes all decisions regarding the origination, selection, evaluation, structuring, acquisition, financing and development of our commercial real estate properties, real estate-related assets, including commercial real estate loans and mortgages, and debt and equity securities issued by other real estate-related companies, as well as private equity acquisitions and investments, and opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses, subject to the limitations in our Operating Agreement. Our Manager also provides portfolio management, marketing, investor relations, financial, accounting, and other administrative services on our behalf with the goal of maximizing our operating cash flow and preserving our invested capital. As such, our ability to achieve our investment objectives and to pay distributions to the holders of our Class A units is dependent in part on our Sponsor’s financial condition and our Sponsor’s and our relationship with our Manager. Any adverse changes in our Sponsor’s financial condition or our Sponsor’s or our relationship with our Manager could hinder our ability to successfully manage our operations and our portfolio of assets and investments. In addition, our Manager and our Sponsor only have limited assets and our recourse against our Manager or our Sponsor if our Manager does not fulfill its obligations under the Management Agreement will be limited to our termination of the Management Agreement.

 

18
Table Of Contents

 

If our Sponsor fails to retain its key personnel, we may not be able to achieve our anticipated level of growth and our business could suffer.

 

Our future depends, in part, on our Sponsor’s ability to attract and retain key personnel. Our future also depends on the continued contributions of the executive officers and other key personnel of our Sponsor acting through our Manager, each of whom would be difficult to replace. In particular, each of Brandon Lacoff and Martin Lacoff is critical to the management of our business and operations and the development of our strategic direction. The loss of the services of Brandon Lacoff, Martin Lacoff or other executive officers or key personnel of our Sponsor and the process to replace any of our Sponsor’s key personnel would involve substantial time and expense and may significantly delay or prevent the achievement of our business objectives.

 

The Management Agreement with our Manager was not negotiated with an unaffiliated third party on an arm’s length basis and may not be as favorable to us as if it had been negotiated with an unaffiliated third party.

 

Our Management Agreement with our Manager was negotiated between related parties and its terms, including fees payable, may not be as favorable to us as if it had been negotiated with an unaffiliated third party. We will pay our Manager a management fee regardless of the performance of our investments. Our Manager’s entitlement to a management fee, which is not based upon performance metrics or goals, might reduce its incentive to devote its time and effort to seeking investments that provide attractive risk-adjusted returns for our portfolio. This in turn could hurt both our ability to pay distributions to holders of our Class A units and the market price of our Class A units.

 

We do not have an exclusive management arrangement with our Manager.

 

We do not have an exclusive management arrangement with our Manager. Accordingly, our Manager and its affiliates, including our Sponsor, can and will engage in other activities, including, without limitation, managing other investment programs sponsored or organized by our Sponsor and its affiliates. Further, nothing in our Management Agreement limits or restricts the right of any manager, director, officer, employee or equity holder of our Manager, or any of its affiliates, including our Sponsor, to engage in any other business or to render services of any kind to any other person or entity.

 

Terminating the Management Agreement for unsatisfactory performance by our Manager or electing not to renew the Management Agreement may be difficult, and, even if we elect not to renew or terminate the Management Agreement, our Manager will continue to hold our Class B units.

 

Terminating the Management Agreement for unsatisfactory performance by our Manager is difficult and potentially costly. The initial term of the Management Agreement commenced on October 28, 2020 and will continue through December 31, 2025. We may only terminate the Management Agreement (i) for “cause,” (ii) upon the bankruptcy of our Manager, or (iii) upon a material breach of the Management Agreement by our Manager. “Cause” is defined in the Management Agreement to mean fraud or willful malfeasance, gross negligence, the commission of a felony or a material violation of applicable law, in each case that has or could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on us. Following the initial term, the Management Agreement will automatically renew for an unlimited number of three-year terms unless we elect not to renew or terminate it by providing our Manager with 180 days’ prior notice. We will review and evaluate our Manager’s performance under the Management Agreement at least 180 days prior to each renewal term.

 

Upon any termination or non-renewal of the Management Agreement by us or any termination of the Management Agreement by our Manager for our breach of the Management Agreement, our Manager will be entitled to receive its prorated management fee through the expiration or termination date and will be paid a termination fee equal to six times the annual management fee earned by our Manager during the 12-month period ended as of the last day of the quarter immediately preceding the termination date (the “Termination Fee”); however, if less than 12 months have elapsed as of the termination date, the Termination Fee will be calculated by annualizing the management fee earned during the most recently completed quarter prior to the termination date.

 

19
Table Of Contents

 

In addition, upon any termination or non-renewal of the Management Agreement, our Manager will continue to hold 100% of our Class B units, which entitle our Manager to 5% of any gain recognized by or distributed to the Company or recognized by or distributed from the Operating Companies or any subsidiary. As a result, any time we recognize operating gain (excluding depreciation) or receive a distribution, whether from continuing operations, net sale proceeds, refinancing transactions or otherwise, our Manager is entitled to receive 5% of the aggregate amount of such gain or distribution, regardless of whether the holders of our Class A units have received a return of their capital. The allocation and distribution rights that our Manager is entitled to with respect to its Class B units may not be amended, altered or repealed, and the number of authorized Class B units may not be increased or decreased, without the consent of our Manager. Accordingly, for so long as our Manager continues to hold our Class B units, it will be entitled to receive 5% of the aggregate amount of any operating gain (excluding depreciation) that we recognize or distribution that we receive.

 

If we pay distributions from sources other than our cash flow from operations, we will have less funds available for investments and your overall return may be reduced. Likewise, funding distributions from the sale of additional securities will dilute your interest in us on a percentage basis and may impact the value of our Class A units.

 

While our goal is to pay distributions from cash flow from operations, we may, at the discretion of our Manager, subject to Board oversight, use other sources to fund distributions, including, without limitation, the sale of assets, borrowings in anticipation of future operating cash flow, net proceeds of our Primary Offering, and any other offerings that we may conduct, cash advances by our Manager, cash resulting from a waiver of fees or reimbursements due to our Manager or the issuance of additional securities. We will only fund distributions by a return of capital following the sale of assets, unless otherwise determined by our Manager in its discretion. Funding distributions from the sales of assets, borrowings, return of capital or proceeds of this offering will result in us having less funds available to make investments. As a result, the return you realize on your investment may be reduced. Doing so may also negatively impact our ability to generate cash flows. Likewise, funding distributions from the sale of additional securities will dilute your interest in us on a percentage basis and may impact the value of our Class A units. We can provide no assurances that future cash flow will support payment of distributions or maintaining distributions at any level, if at all.

 

Your interest in us will be diluted if we issue additional units.

 

Under our Operating Agreement, we have authority to issue an unlimited number of additional units and options, rights, warrants and appreciation rights relating to such units. In particular, our Board is authorized to provide for the issuance of an unlimited amount of one or more classes or series of units and to fix the number of units, the relative powers, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions applicable to each class or series thereof by resolution authorizing the issuance of such class or series, without member approval. We may elect to issue and sell additional units in future private or public offerings or issue units to our Manager or its affiliates, including our Sponsor, in payment of outstanding fees and expenses. We also intend to seek opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses using our equity as transaction consideration. Holders of our Class A units will not have preemptive rights to any units we issue in the future. To the extent we issue additional equity interests your percentage ownership interest in us would be diluted.

 

Our investment guidelines delegate broad discretion to our Manager and our Board will not approve each investment and financing decision made by our Manager.

 

Our investment guidelines delegate to our Manager discretion and authority to execute acquisitions and dispositions of investments (including the reinvestment of capital basis and gains) in commercial real estate properties, real estate-related assets, including commercial real estate loans and mortgages, and debt and equity securities issued by other real estate-related companies, as well as private equity acquisitions and investments, and opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses, provided such investments are consistent with our investment objectives and strategy and our investment guidelines. Our Manager’s investment committee will periodically review our portfolio of assets and investments, our investment objectives and strategy and our investment guidelines to determine whether they remain in the best interests of our members and may recommend changes to our Board as it deems appropriate. Our Board will not, and will not be required to, review all of our proposed investments. Our Manager may use complex strategies or enter into costly transactions that are difficult or impossible to unwind by the time they are reviewed by our Board, which could result in investment returns that are below expectations or that result in losses, and which would materially and adversely affect our business operations and results.

 

20
Table Of Contents

 

We may change our investment strategy and guidelines without member consent.

 

Our investment guidelines delegate to our Manager discretion and authority to execute acquisitions and dispositions of investments (including the reinvestment of capital basis and gains) in commercial real estate properties, real estate-related assets, including commercial real estate loans and mortgages, and debt and equity securities issued by other real estate-related companies, as well as private equity acquisitions and investments, and opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses, provided such investments are consistent with our investment objectives and strategy and our investment guidelines. Our Manager’s investment committee will also periodically review our portfolio of commercial real estate assets, our investment objectives and strategy and our investment guidelines to determine whether they remain in the best interests of our members and may recommend changes to our Board as it deems appropriate. We may, at any time and without member approval, change our investment strategy and guidelines or cease to be a qualified opportunity fund and acquire assets that do not qualify as qualified opportunity zone investments, which could result in our voluntary or involuntary decertification as a qualified opportunity fund, further resulting in an inclusion event and the recognition of any tax deferred on account of your investment.

 

Our Operating Agreement contains provisions that substantially limit remedies available to holders of our units for actions that might otherwise result in liability for our officers, directors, or Manager.

 

While our Operating Agreement provides that our officers and directors have fiduciary duties equivalent to those applicable to officers and directors of a Delaware corporation under the Delaware General Corporation Law, our Operating Agreement also provides that our officers and directors are liable to us or holders of our units for an act or omission only if such act or omission constitutes a breach of the duties owed to us or the holders of our units, as applicable, by any such officer or director and such breach is the result of (i) willful malfeasance, gross negligence, the commission of a felony or a material violation of law, in each case that has or could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on us or (ii) fraud. Furthermore, our Operating Agreement provides that our Sponsor will not have any liability to us or any holder of our units for any act or omission and is indemnified in connection therewith.

 

Under our Operating Agreement, we, our Board and our Manager are each entitled to take actions or make decisions in our “sole discretion” or “discretion” or that we each deem “necessary or appropriate” or “necessary or advisable.” In those circumstances, we, our Board and our Manager are entitled to consider only such interests and factors as we each desire, including our own interests, and we have no duty or obligation (fiduciary or otherwise) to give any consideration to any interest of or factors affecting any others of us or any holder of the Company’s units, and neither we, our Board nor our Manager will be subject to any different standards imposed by our Operating Agreement, the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act or under any other law, rule or regulation or in equity, except that we each must act in good faith at all times. These modifications of fiduciary duties are expressly permitted by Delaware law. These modifications restrict the remedies available to the holders of our units for actions that, without such modifications, may constitute breaches of duty (including fiduciary duty).

 

Certain claims that may be brought against the Company or our Sponsor, Manager, directors, officers, or other agents must be resolved by final and binding arbitration, which follows a different set of procedures and may be more restrictive than litigation.

 

Our Operating Agreement provides that all claims, controversies, or disputes brought by or on behalf of one or more of our members, record holders or beneficial owners of our units against the Company or our Sponsor, Manager or any of our directors, officers or other agents must be resolved by final and binding arbitration. As a result, we and our members, record holders and beneficial owners of our units will not be able to pursue litigation in federal or state court against the Company or our Sponsor, Manager or any of our directors, officers, or other agents, and instead will be required to pursue such claims through a final and binding arbitration proceeding.

 

21
Table Of Contents

 

Our Operating Agreement provides that such arbitration proceedings would generally be conducted in accordance with the rules and policies of the American Arbitration Association. These rules and policies may provide significantly more limited rights than litigation in a federal or state court. In addition, our Operating Agreement provides that all arbitration proceedings will be closed to the public and confidential, that discovery will be limited to matters directly relevant to issues in the proceeding, and that the parties waive the right to a jury. Our Operating Agreement also generally provides that each party to an arbitration proceeding is required to bear its own expenses, including attorneys’ fees, that the arbitrator may not render an award that includes shifting of costs or expenses or, in a derivative case, award any portion of the Company’s award to any other party or other party’s attorneys and that all arbitrations must take place on an individual basis. The mandatory arbitration provisions of our Operating Agreement may discourage our members, record holders or beneficial owners of our units from bringing, and attorneys from agreeing to represent such parties in, claims against the Company or our Sponsor, Manager or any of our directors, officers, or other agents. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring or holding any interest in our units shall be deemed to have notice of and to have consented to our mandatory arbitration provisions.

 

The mandatory arbitration provisions of our Operating Agreement do not relieve us of our duties to comply with, and our members, record holders and beneficial owners of our units cannot waive our compliance with, the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. We believe that the mandatory arbitration provisions in our Operating Agreement are enforceable under both federal and state law, including with respect to federal securities law claims, however, there is uncertainty as to their enforceability and it is possible that they may ultimately be determined to be unenforceable.

 

Our Operating Agreement designates the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York or, if that court does not have jurisdiction, the state courts of New York located in the borough of Manhattan, City of New York, as the sole and exclusive forum for certain claims precluded from resolution pursuant to the mandatory arbitration provision of our Operating Agreement.

 

Our Operating Agreement provides that all claims, controversies or disputes brought by or on behalf of one or more of our members, record holders or beneficial owners of our units against the Company or our Sponsor, Manager or any of our directors, officers or other agents that are precluded from resolution by mandatory arbitration, must be brought before the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York or, if that court does not have jurisdiction, the state courts of New York located in the borough of Manhattan, City of New York, as the sole and exclusive forum for such preclude claim.

 

The portion of our exclusive forum selection provision designating the state courts of New York located in the borough of Manhattan, City of New York, as the exclusive forum for certain claims precluded from arbitration would not apply to claims brought to enforce a duty or liability created by the Exchange Act, as such claims fall under the exclusive jurisdiction of the federal courts, however the portion of our forum selection provision designating the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York would apply to any such claims. Our exclusive forum selection provision would apply to claims brought to enforce a duty or liability created by the Securities Act. The exclusive forum selection provision in our Operating Agreement may discourage our members, record holders or beneficial owners of our units from bringing, and attorneys from agreeing to represent such parties in, claims against the Company or our Sponsor, Manager or any of our directors, officers, or other agents. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring or holding any interest in our units shall be deemed to have notice of and to have consented to our exclusive forum selection provision.

 

The exclusive forum selection provision of our Operating Agreement does not relieve us of our duties to comply with, and our members, record holders and beneficial owners of our units cannot waive our compliance with, the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. We believe that the exclusive forum selection provision in our Operating Agreement is enforceable under both federal and state law, including with respect to federal securities law claims, however, there is uncertainty as to its enforceability and it is possible that it may ultimately be determined to be unenforceable.

 

22
Table Of Contents

 

Holders of our Class A units have limited voting rights and may be bound by a majority or supermajority vote or by a vote of the holder of our Class M unit, as applicable.

 

We are owned by the holders of our Class A units, Class B units and Class M unit. Each Class A unit and each Class B unit entitles the holder thereof to one vote per unit. The Class M unit entitles the holder thereof to that number of votes equal to the product obtained by multiplying (i) the sum of aggregate number of outstanding Class A units plus Class B units, by (ii) 10, on matters on which the holder of our Class M unit has a vote.

 

The holders of our Class A units and Class B units have voting rights only with respect to certain matters, primarily relating to amendments to our Operating Agreement that would adversely change the rights of the Class A units or Class B units, as applicable, election of our directors (other than the Class M Director (as hereinafter defined)), removal of our directors for “cause” (other than the Class M Director), and our dissolution. Generally, matters to be voted on by the holders of our Class A units must be approved by a majority of the votes cast by all Class A units and Class B units, voting together as a single class, that are present in person or represented by proxy, although the vote to remove a director for “cause” requires a super-majority, four-fifths vote. If any vote occurs, you will be bound by the majority or supermajority vote, as applicable, even if you did not vote with the majority or supermajority.

 

Our Manager will hold our Class M unit for so long as it remains our manager. Accordingly, our Manager will be able to determine the outcome of all matters on which a holder of our Class M unit has a vote. Such matters include certain mergers and acquisitions, certain amendments to our Operating Agreement and the election of one Class III director (the “Class M Director”). The Class M unit does not represent an economic interest in the Company.

 

If we internalize our management functions, your interest in us could be diluted, and we could incur other significant costs associated with being self-managed.

 

We are externally managed by our Manager, who is an affiliate of our Sponsor. We may in the future decide to internalize our management function and, should we elect do so, we may acquire our Manager’s or its affiliates’, including our Sponsor’s, assets and personnel. We, our Operating Companies, and our Manager have entered into a Management Agreement. The terms of the Management Agreement restrict us from hiring or soliciting any employee of our Manager or its affiliates, including our Sponsor, for a period of two years from termination of the Management Agreement. In addition, upon any termination or non-renewal of the Management Agreement by us our Manager will be entitled to receive its prorated management fee through the expiration or termination date and will be paid a Termination Fee equal to six times the annual management fee earned by our Manager during the 12-month period ended as of the last day of the quarter immediately preceding the termination date; however, if less than 12 months have elapsed as of the termination date, the Termination Fee will be calculated by annualizing the management fee earned during the most recently completed quarter prior to the termination date. These provisions could make it costly or difficult for us to internalize management without incurring Termination Fees or acquiring assets and personnel from our Manager and its affiliates, including our Sponsor, for consideration that would be negotiated at the time of any such acquisition. Any Termination Fees we incur would be paid in cash and any consideration we pay for acquiring assets and personnel could take many forms, including issuance of units or cash payments, which could directly impact our NAV, by reducing the amount of our assets, or result in the dilution of your interest in us. If we internalize management, we will no longer pay management fees to our Manager, however, our direct expenses, such as the compensation and benefits costs and expenses associated with having officers and other employees and consultants, would increase. In addition, we may issue equity awards to officers, employees and consultants, which awards would decrease our net income and funds from operations and may further dilute your investment.

 

We will incur additional costs and expenses associated with maintaining our status as a publicly traded partnership and operating as an Exchange Act reporting company.

 

We will incur additional costs and expenses associated with, maintaining our status as a publicly traded partnership and operating as an Exchange Act reporting company. Costs and expenses that we will incur, include, without limitation, those associated with the preparation and filing of annual and quarterly reports, federal and state tax returns, Schedule K-1 preparation and distribution, investor relations, registrar and transfer agent fees, director compensation, accounting and audit fees and incremental insurance costs, including director and officer liability insurance. It is possible that actual costs and expenses associated with maintain our status as a publicly traded partnership and operating as an Exchange Act reporting company will be higher than we currently estimate and we may require additional capital or future earnings to cover these costs and expenses, which could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.

 

23
Table Of Contents

 

We are not required to comply with certain reporting and disclosure requirements that are applicable to other public companies.

 

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the Jump Start Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (“JOBS Act”). As an emerging growth company, we have elected to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting and disclosure requirements that are applicable to public companies that are not emerging growth companies. For so long as we remain an emerging growth company, we will not be required to:

 

  have an auditor attestation report on our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”);
     
  submit certain executive compensation matters to member advisory votes pursuant to the “say on frequency” and “say on pay” provisions (requiring a non-binding member vote to approve compensation of certain executive officers) and the “say on golden parachute” provisions (requiring a non-binding member vote to approve golden parachute arrangements for certain executive officers in connection with mergers and certain other business combinations) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010; or
     
  disclose certain executive compensation related items, such as the correlation between executive compensation and performance and comparisons of the chief executive officer’s compensation to median employee compensation.

 

In addition, the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company may take advantage of an extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies. This means that an emerging growth company can delay adopting certain accounting standards until such standards are otherwise applicable to private companies. We have elected to take advantage of the extended transition period. Since we will not be required to comply with new or revised accounting standards on the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required for other public companies, our financial statements may not be comparable to the financial statements of companies that comply with public company effective dates. If we were to subsequently elect to comply with these public company effective dates, such election would be irrevocable pursuant to Section 107 of the JOBS Act.

 

We will remain an emerging growth company for up to five years, or until the earliest of (i) the last date of the fiscal year during which we had total annual gross revenues of $1.07 billion or more, (ii) the date on which we have, during the previous three-year period, issued more than $1.07 billion in non-convertible debt, or (iii) the date on which we are deemed to be a “large accelerated filer” as defined under Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act.

 

Also, even once we are no longer an emerging growth company, we still may not be subject to auditor attestation requirements of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act unless we meet the definition of a large accelerated filer or an accelerated filer under Section 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. In addition, so long as we are externally managed by our Manager and we do not directly compensate our executive officers, or reimburse our Manager or its affiliates for the compensation paid to persons who serve as our executive officers, we do not expect to include disclosures relating to executive compensation in our periodic reports or proxy statements and, as a result, do not expect to be required to seek member approval of executive compensation and golden parachute compensation arrangements pursuant to Sections 14A(a) and (b) of the Exchange Act.

 

If we fail to maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures or internal controls over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately and timely make our required disclosures or report our financial results.

 

Effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal controls over financial reporting are necessary for us to provide reliable disclosures and financial reports, adequately detect and prevent misstatements and fraud, and operate successfully. If we cannot provide reliable disclosures and financial reports or detect and prevent misstatements and fraud, our reputation and operating results may be harmed.

 

We are continuing to develop and refine our disclosure controls and procedures and improve our internal controls over financial reporting. We have expended, and anticipate that we will continue to expend, significant resources in order to maintain and improve the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting. However, any disclosure controls and procedures or internal controls over financial reporting that we put into place, no matter how well designed and operated, can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives.

 

As a result of the inherent limitations in the design of any system of controls, our disclosure controls and procedures and internal controls over financial reporting may not detect or prevent all misstatements and fraud, and we cannot assure you that there will not be significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting in future periods. Moreover, for so long as we are an emerging growth company, we will not be required to have an auditor attestation report on our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and we cannot assure you that the systems and processes that we have put into place to evaluate and test our disclosure controls and procedures and internal controls over financial reporting so as to allow management to report on their effectiveness will be consistently adequate. If our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting prove to be ineffective and if we are not able to adequately remediate any deficiencies, investors may lose confidence in our disclosures and reported financial information, which could materially and adversely affect our business.

 

Your investment returns may be reduced if we are required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act.

 

We will engage primarily in the business of investing in real estate and to conduct our operations such that neither we nor any of our subsidiaries are required to register as an “investment company” under the Investment Company Act.

 

24
Table Of Contents

 

Maintaining our exclusion from registration under the Investment Company Act will limit our ability to make certain investments. In addition, although we intend to continuously monitor our holdings, there can be no assurance that we, our Operating Companies or any of the subsidiaries of our Operating Companies will be able to maintain our exclusion from registration. A change in the value of any of our assets could negatively affect our ability to maintain our exclusion from registration and we may be unable to sell assets we would otherwise want to sell and may need to sell assets we would otherwise want to retain. In addition, we may have to acquire additional assets that we might not otherwise have acquired or may have to forego opportunities to acquire assets that we would otherwise want to acquire and would be important to our investment strategy.

 

If we are required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act, we would become subject to substantial regulation with respect to our capital structure (including our ability to use borrowings), management, operations, transactions with affiliated persons (as defined in the Investment Company Act), and portfolio composition, including disclosure requirements and restrictions with respect to diversification and industry concentration, and other matters. Compliance with the Investment Company Act would, accordingly, limit our ability to make certain investments and require us to significantly restructure our business plan. If we were required to register as an investment company but failed to do so, we could be prohibited from engaging in our business, and criminal and civil actions could be brought against us.

 

We enter into joint ventures, partnerships, co-tenancies and other co-ownership arrangements or participations with affiliates of our Sponsor and Manager, including Belpointe SP, LLC.

 

All of our assets are and will continue to be held by, and all of our operations are and will continue to be conducted through our Operating Companies, either directly or indirectly through subsidiaries. To expand our investment portfolio, we will continue to enter into joint ventures, partnerships, co-tenancies and other co-ownership arrangements or participations with affiliates of our Sponsor and Manager, such as Belpointe SP, LLC (“Belpointe SP”), or its affiliates (together with Belpointe SP, the “Belpointe SP Group”), as well as independent developers and owners.

 

We have and will continue to acquire interests in properties where a member of the Belpointe SP Group will act as general partner or co-general partner, manager or co-manager, developer or co-developer, or any of the foregoing, all of which will be structured in one of the following formats:

 

  A member of the Belpointe SP Group will act as the general partner, manager or managing member of joint ventures in which our Operating Companies, directly or indirectly through subsidiaries, will participate as limited partners or non-managing members, to acquire stabilized cash flow generating real estate-related assets, including commercial real estate loans and mortgages, and debt and equity securities issued by other real estate companies, select private equity investments, and opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses.
     
  A member of the Belpointe SP Group will act as the general partner, manager or managing member of joint ventures in which our Operating Companies, directly or indirectly through subsidiaries, will participate as limited partners or non-managing members and a member of the Belpointe SP Group will act as the developer of the projects owned by the joint ventures.
     
  A member of the Belpointe SP Group retain the services of a local developer to create a Belpointe satellite office, which will act as the developer for multiple joint venture projects within specific regions of the United States and its territories. These satellite offices will enable us to increase our presence and expertise in multiple regions.
     
  Our Manager or a member of Belpointe SP Group will set up exclusive programmatic joint ventures with experienced regional developers to co-invest and co-develop in one or more projects within specific regions of the United States and its territories. A member of the Belpointe SP Group will act as the general partner, manager or managing member of the programmatic joint ventures with subsidiaries of our Operating Companies, directly or indirectly through subsidiaries, participating as limited partners or non-managing members. These programmatic joint ventures will enable us to increase our presence and expertise in multiple regions.
     
  Our Manager or a member of the Belpointe SP Group will enter into joint ventures with experienced local developers to co-invest and co-develop projects on a deal-by-deal basis. A member of the Belpointe SP Group will act as the general partner, manager or managing member of the joint ventures with our Operating Companies, directly or indirectly through subsidiaries, participating as limited partners or non-managing members. A member of the Belpointe SP Group may act as the co-developer of projects with the joint venture partners and developers.

 

25
Table Of Contents

 

  Our Manager or a member of the Belpointe SP Group will enter into joint ventures with independent third-party experienced local developers to co-invest and co-develop on our behalf. The joint venture partners and developers will typically act as the general partner or managing member for the joint ventures with our Operating Companies, directly or indirectly through subsidiaries,participating as the limited partners or non-managing members.

 

Any membership interests that members of the Belpointe SP Group hold in our joint venture investments in their capacity as a general partner, manager or managing member will be exempt from paying any promotes.

 

Under these joint venture arrangements, members of the Belpointe SP Group, their development affiliates and co-development partners will be entitled to receive project level fees, reimbursement by the joint ventures for fees and expenses, their promoted interest on a deal-by-deal basis and other fees. If a joint venture includes third party limited partners or non-managing members, in addition to a directly or indirectly owned subsidiary of one of our Operating Companies, the general partner, manager or managing member of that joint venture, including members of the Belpointe SP Group, will receive a promoted interest on capital invested by all limited partners or non-managing members, however the promoted interest on third-party limited partners’ or non-managing members’ capital may be different from the promoted interest on our capital.

 

We may make a substantial amount of joint venture investments, including with affiliates of our Manager and Sponsor, such as members of the Belpointe SP Group. Joint venture investments could be adversely affected by our lack of sole decision-making authority, our reliance on the financial condition of our joint venture partners and disputes between us and our joint venture partners.

 

We may co-invest in joint ventures with affiliates of our Manager and Sponsor, including members of the Belpointe SP Group, or third parties in partnerships or other entities that own real estate properties. We may acquire non-controlling interests in joint ventures. Even if we have some control in a joint venture, we would not be in a position to exercise sole decision-making authority regarding the joint venture. Investments in joint ventures may, under certain circumstances, involve risks not present were another party not involved, including the possibility that joint venture partners might become bankrupt, fail to fund their required capital contributions or commit fraud or other bad acts. Joint venture partners may have economic or other business interests or goals that are inconsistent with our business interests or goals and may be in a position to take actions contrary to our policies or objectives. Such investments may also have the potential risk of impasses on decisions, such as a sale, because neither we nor the joint venture partner would have full control over the joint venture. Disputes between us and joint venture partners may result in litigation or arbitration that would increase our expenses and prevent our officers and directors from focusing their time and effort on our business. Consequently, actions by or disputes with joint venture partners might result in subjecting properties owned by the joint venture to additional risk. In addition, we may in certain circumstances be liable for the actions of our joint venture partners.

 

If we have a right of first refusal to buy out a joint venture partner, we may be unable to finance such a buy-out if it becomes exercisable or we are required to purchase such interest at a time when it would not otherwise be in our best interest to do so. If our interest is subject to a buy/sell right, we may not have sufficient cash, available borrowing capacity or other capital resources to allow us to elect to purchase an interest of a joint venture partner subject to the buy/sell right, in which case we may be forced to sell our interest as the result of the exercise of such right when we would otherwise prefer to keep our interest. In some joint ventures we may be obligated to buy all or a portion of our joint venture partner’s interest in connection with a crystallization event, and we may be unable to finance such a buy-out when such crystallization event occurs, which may result in interest or other penalties accruing on the purchase price. If we buy our joint venture partner’s interest, we will have increased exposure in the underlying investment. The price we use to buy our joint venture partner’s interest or sell our interest is typically determined by negotiations between us and our joint venture partner and there is no assurance that such price will be representative of the value of the underlying property or equal to our then-current valuation of our interest in the joint venture that is used to calculate our NAV. Finally, we may not be able to sell our interest in a joint venture if we desire to exit the venture for any reason or if our interest is likewise subject to a right of first refusal of our joint venture partner, our ability to sell such interest may be adversely impacted by such right. Joint ownership arrangements with affiliates of our Manager and Sponsor, including members of the Belpointe SP Group, may also entail further conflicts of interest. Some additional risks and conflicts related to our joint venture investments (including joint venture investments with our Manager, Sponsor and members of the Belpointe SP Group) include:

 

  the joint venture partner may have economic or other interests that are inconsistent with our interests, including interests relating to the financing, management, operation, leasing or sale of the assets purchased by such joint venture;

 

26
Table Of Contents

 

  tax, Investment Company Act and other regulatory requirements applicable to the joint venture partner may cause it to want to take actions contrary to our interests;
     
  the joint venture partner may have joint control of the joint venture even in cases where its economic stake in the joint venture is significantly less than ours;
     
  under the joint venture arrangement, neither we nor the joint venture partner will be in a position to unilaterally control the joint venture, and deadlocks may occur. Such deadlocks could adversely impact the operations and profitability of the joint venture, including as a result of the inability of the joint venture to act quickly in connection with a potential acquisition or disposition. In addition, depending on the governance structure of such joint venture partner, decisions of such vehicle may be subject to approval by individuals who are independent of us;
     
  under the joint venture arrangement, we and the joint venture partner may have a buy/sell right and, as a result of an impasse that triggers the exercise of such right, we may be forced to sell our investment in the joint venture, or buy the joint venture partner’s share of the joint venture at a time when it would not otherwise be in our best interest to do so; and
     
  our participation in investments in which a joint venture partner participates will be less than what our participation would have been had such other vehicle not participated, and because there may be no limit on the amount of capital that such joint venture partner can raise, the degree of our participation in such investments may decrease over time.

 

Furthermore, we may have conflicting fiduciary obligations if we acquire properties with our affiliates or other related entities; as a result, in any such transaction we may not have the benefit of arm’s-length negotiations of the type normally conducted between unrelated parties.

 

Operational risks may disrupt our business, result in losses or limit our growth.

 

We rely heavily on our Sponsor’s financial, accounting, communications and other data processing systems. Such systems may fail to operate properly or become disabled as a result of tampering or a breach of the network security systems or otherwise. In addition, such systems are from time to time subject to cyberattacks. Breaches of our Sponsor’s network security systems could involve attacks that are intended to obtain unauthorized access to our proprietary information or personal identifying information of holders of our Class A units, destroy data or disable, degrade or sabotage our systems, often through the introduction of computer viruses, cyberattacks and other means and could originate from a wide variety of sources, including unknown third parties outside of our Sponsor. Although our Sponsor takes various measures to ensure the integrity of such systems, there can be no assurance that these measures will provide protection. If such systems are compromised, do not operate properly or are disabled, we could suffer financial loss, a disruption of our businesses, liability to investors, regulatory intervention or reputational damage.

 

In addition, we rely on third-party service providers for certain aspects of our business, including for certain information systems, technology and administration. Any interruption or deterioration in the performance of these third parties or failures of their information systems and technology could impair the quality of our operations and could affect our reputation and hence adversely affect our business.

 

27
Table Of Contents

 

If our techniques for managing risk are ineffective, we may be exposed to unanticipated losses.

 

In order to manage the significant risks inherent in our business, we must maintain effective policies, procedures and systems that enable us to identify, monitor and control our exposure to market, operational, legal and reputational risks. Our risk management methods may prove to be ineffective due to their design or implementation or as a result of the lack of adequate, accurate or timely information. If our risk management efforts are ineffective, we could suffer losses or face litigation and sanctions or fines from regulators.

 

Our techniques for managing risks may not fully mitigate the risk exposure in all economic or market environments, or against all types of risk, including risks that we might fail to identify or anticipate. Any failures in our risk management techniques and strategies to accurately quantify such risk exposure could limit our ability to manage risks or to seek positive, risk-adjusted returns. In addition, any risk management failures could cause fund losses to be significantly greater than historical measures predict.

 

Risks Related our Assets and Investments

 

Our success is dependent on general market and economic conditions as well as numerous other factors outside of our control.

 

Our activities and investments may be adversely affected by changes in market, economic, political or regulatory conditions, such as fluctuations in real estate market prices, rising interest rates, availability of credit, credit defaults, rising inflation rates, supply chain disruptions, labor shortages, economic uncertainty, instability in the banking system, changes in laws (including laws relating to taxation of us or of our investments), and national and international political, environmental and socioeconomic circumstances (including disease outbreaks, wars, cyberattacks, terrorist acts or security operations), such as the escalating conflict between Russia and Ukraine and the severe economic sanctions and export controls imposed by the U.S. and other governments against Russia and Russian interests, as well as by numerous other factors outside of our control. In addition, our financial condition may be adversely affected by an economic downturn, related to market, economic or political instability, or otherwise. A recession, slowdown or sustained downturn in the U.S. or global economy (or any particular segment thereof), inflationary pressures or the weakening of credit markets could adversely affect the value of our investments and our profitability, impede our ability to perform under or refinance our existing obligations, and impair our ability to effectively deploy our capital or effectively exit or realize upon investments on favorable terms. It is not possible for us to predict whether or to what extent these factors may negatively impact economies around the world, including the U.S., and if any of the foregoing market, economic or political issues are not managed appropriately, they could impair our profitability or result in substantial or total losses to us in respect of certain investments, which losses may be exacerbated by our use of leverage.

 

Recent disruptions in the U.S. and global banking systems may adversely affect our ability to obtain construction financing, which may negatively impact our ability to complete projects on budget and on schedule and, as a result, adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

The recent failures of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and Signature Bank (SNY), actions by the U.S. Department of the Treasury, the Federal Reserve and the FDIC in taking over SVB and SNY and protecting uninsured depositors, the Biden administration’s call for greater regulation over the U.S. banking system and market participants’ increasingly negative outlook on the operating environment for U.S. and global banks, may make it more difficult for us to obtain, or cause delays in our obtaining construction financing from banks. The full effects of SVB and SNY failures, and the subsequent failure of Credit Suisse, remain to be seen and may not be realized for some time. There can be no assurance that these events will not negatively impact our ability to obtain construction financing, complete our development or redevelopment activities on budget and on schedule or adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

28
Table Of Contents

 

The market in which we participate is competitive and, if we do not compete effectively, our operating results could be harmed.

 

We face competition from various entities for investment opportunities, including other qualified opportunity funds, REITs, Delaware statutory trusts, pension funds, insurance companies, private equity and other alternative investment funds and companies, partnerships and developers. In addition to third-party competitors, other programs sponsored by our Sponsor and its affiliates, especially those with investment strategies that are similar to our own, may compete with us for investment opportunities.

 

Most of our current or potential competitors have significantly more financial, technical, marketing and other resources than we do. Larger competitors may also enjoy significant advantages that result from, among other things, a lower cost of capital and enhanced operating efficiencies. In addition, the number of entities and the amount of funds competing for suitable investments may increase over time. Any such increase would result in greater demand for investment opportunities and could result in our acquiring assets and investments at higher prices or using less-than-ideal capital structures. If we pay higher prices for our assets and investments, our returns could be lower and the value of our assets and investments may not appreciate or may decrease significantly below the prices paid, and you may experience a lower than anticipated return on your investment.

 

Our performance is subject to risks associated with the real estate industry.

 

The real estate industry is cyclical in nature, and a deterioration of real estate fundamentals generally, and in the areas where our properties are located in particular, will have an adverse effect on the performance of our investments. The value of real estate assets and real estate-related investments can fluctuate for various reasons. The following factors, among others, may adversely affect the real estate industry, including our properties, and could therefore adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations:

 

  interest rate fluctuations and lack of availability of financing;
     
  changes in national, regional or local economic, demographic or capital market conditions;
     
  persistent inflation;
     
  a lack of appropriate real estate investment opportunities, including appropriate qualified opportunity zone investment opportunities;
     
  disease outbreaks;
     
  acts of war, cyberattacks or terrorism;
     
  bank liquidity;
     
  increases in borrowing rates;
     
  changes in environmental and zoning laws;
     
  fluctuations in energy costs;
     
  overbuilding and increased competition for properties targeted by our investment strategy;
     
  future adverse national real estate trends, including increasing vacancy rates, declining rental rates and general deterioration of market conditions;
     
  changes in supply and demand fundamentals;
     
  limitations, reductions or eliminations of tax benefits;
     
  casualty or condemnation losses;
     
  bankruptcy, financial difficulty or lease default of a major tenant;
     
  regulatory limitations on rent;
     
  increased mortgage defaults and the availability of mortgage funds which may render the sale or refinancing of properties difficult or impracticable;
     
  changes in laws, regulations and fiscal policies, including increases in property taxes and limitations on rental rates;
     
  natural disasters, severe weather patterns and similar events.

 

29
Table Of Contents

 

  declines in consumer confidence and spending; and
     
  public perception that any of the above events may occur.

 

All of these factors are beyond our control. Moreover, certain significant expenditures associated with real estate (such as real estate taxes, maintenance costs and, where applicable, mortgage payments) have no relationship with, and thus do not diminish in proportion to, a reduction in income from the property. Any negative changes in these factors could impair our ability to meet our obligations and make distributions to holders of our Class A units and could adversely impact our ability to effectively achieve our investment objectives and reduce the overall returns on our investments.

 

Real estate investments are subject to general industry downturns as well as downturns in specific geographic regions. We cannot predict occupancy levels for a particular property or whether any tenant or mortgage or other real estate related loan borrower will remain solvent. We also cannot predict the future value of our investments. Accordingly, we cannot guarantee that you will receive cash distributions.

 

Real estate investments are subject to general downturns in the industry as well as downturns in specific geographic regions. For example, as of the date of this Form 10-K, a majority of our investments are located in Florida. Historically Florida has been at greater risk of acts of nature such as hurricanes and tropical storms and has been subject to more pronounced real estate downturns than other regions. Accordingly, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be particularly susceptible to downturns or changes in the local Florida economies where we operate. Moreover, we cannot predict occupancy levels for a particular property or whether any tenant or mortgage or other real estate related loan borrower will remain solvent. We also cannot predict the future value of our investments. Accordingly, we cannot guarantee that you will receive cash distributions.

 

There are significant risks associated with the development or redevelopment of our real estate investments that may prevent their completion on budget and on schedule and which may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We may engage in extensive development or redevelopment activities with respect to our real estate investments, including, without limitation, grading and installing roads, sidewalks, gutters, utility improvements (such as storm drains, water, gas, sewer, power and communications), landscaping and shared amenities (such as community buildings, neighborhood parks, trails and open spaces). Such development and redevelopment activities entail risks that could adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations, including:

 

  construction costs, which may exceed our original estimates due to increases in materials, labor or other costs, which could make the project less profitable;
     
  permitting or construction delays, which may result in increased debt service expense and increased project costs, as well as deferred revenue;
     
  supply chain issues or other unavailability of raw materials when needed, which may result in project delays, stoppages or interruptions, which could make the project less profitable;
     
  federal, state and local grants to complete certain highways, interchange, bridge projects or other public improvements may not be available, which could increase costs and make the project less profitable;
     
  availability and timely receipt of zoning and other regulatory approvals to develop or redevelop our properties for a particular use or with respect to a particular improvement;
     
  claims for warranty, product liability and construction defects after a property has been built;
     
  claims for injuries that occur in the course of construction activities;
     
  poor performance or nonperformance by, or disputes with, any of our contractors, subcontractors or other third parties on whom we will rely;
     
  health and safety incidents and site accidents;
     
  unforeseen engineering, environmental or geological problems, which may result in delays or increased costs;

 

30
Table Of Contents

 

  labor shortages, slowdowns or interruptions;
     
  compliance with environmental planning and protection regulations and related legal proceedings;
     
  liabilities, expenses or project delays, stoppages or interruptions as a result of challenges by third parties in legal proceedings;
     
  delay or inability to acquire property, rights of way or easements that may result in delays or increased costs;
     
  acts of war, cyberattacks or terrorism; and
     
  weather-related and geological interference, including landslides, earthquakes, floods, drought, wildfires and other events, which may result in delays or increased costs.

 

We cannot assure you that projects will be completed on schedule or that construction costs will not exceed budgeted amounts. Failure to complete development or redevelopment activities on budget or on schedule may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our Manager’s due diligence may not reveal all factors or risks affecting an investment.

 

There can be no assurance that our Manager’s due diligence processes will uncover all relevant facts that would be material to an investment decision. Before making an investment, our Manager will assess the strength of the underlying asset and any other factors that it believes are material to the performance of the investment. In making the assessment and otherwise conducting customary due diligence, our Manager will rely on the resources available to it and, in some cases, investigations by third parties.

 

Actual rents we receive may be less than estimated, operating expenses may be higher than anticipated and we may experience a decline in rental rates from time to time, any of which could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flow.

 

As a result of potential factors, including competitive pricing pressure in our markets, a general economic downturn and the desirability of our properties compared to other properties in our markets, we may be unable to realize our estimated market rents across the properties in our portfolio or operating expenses at properties in our portfolio may be higher than anticipated. In addition, depending on market rental rates at any given time as compared to expiring leases on properties in our portfolio, from time-to-time rental rates for expiring leases may be higher than starting rental rates for new leases. If we are unable to obtain sufficient rental rates across our portfolio, or operating expenses are higher than anticipated, our ability to generate cash flow growth will be negatively impacted.

 

Properties that have significant vacancies could be difficult to sell, which could diminish the return on these properties.

 

A property may incur vacancies either by the expiration of tenant leases or the continued default of tenants under their leases. If vacancies continue for a long period of time, we may suffer reduced revenues resulting in less cash available for distributions. In addition, the resale value of the property could be diminished because the market value of our properties will depend principally upon the value of the cash flow generated by the leases associated with that property. Such a reduction in the resale value of a property could also reduce the value of your investment.

 

Further, a decline in general economic conditions in the markets in which our investments are located or in the U.S. generally could lead to an increase in tenant defaults, lower rental rates, and less demand for commercial real estate space in those markets. As a result of these trends, we may be more inclined to provide leasing incentives to our tenants in order to compete in a more competitive leasing environment. Such trends may result in reduced revenue and lower resale value of properties.

 

31
Table Of Contents

 

We may enter into long-term leases with tenants in certain properties, which may not result in fair market rental rates over time.

 

We may enter into long-term leases with tenants of certain of our properties or include renewal options that specify a maximum rate increase. These leases often provide for rent to increase over time; however, if we do not accurately judge the potential for increases in market rental rates, we may set the terms of these long-term leases at levels such that, even after contractual rent increases, the rent under our long-term leases is less than then-current market rates. Further, we may have no ability to terminate those leases or to adjust the rent to then-prevailing market rates. As a result, our cash available for distributions could be lower than if we did not enter into long-term leases.

 

Certain properties that we acquire may not have efficient alternative uses and we may have difficulty leasing them to new tenants or have to make significant capital expenditures to get them to do so.

 

Certain properties that we acquire may be difficult to lease to new tenants, should the current tenant terminate or choose not to renew its lease. These properties will generally have received significant tenant-specific improvements and only very specific tenants may be able to use such improvements, making the properties very difficult to re-lease in their current condition. Additionally, an interested tenant may demand that, as a condition of executing a lease for the property, we finance and construct significant improvements so that the tenant could use the property. This expense may decrease cash available for distribution, as we likely would have to (i) pay for the improvements up-front or (ii) finance the improvements at potentially unattractive terms.

 

We will depend on tenants for our revenue, and lease defaults or terminations could reduce our net income and limit our ability to pay distributions.

 

The success of our investments materially depends on the financial stability of our tenants. A default or termination by a tenant on its lease payments to us would cause us to lose the revenue associated with such lease and require us to find an alternative source of revenue to meet mortgage payments and prevent a foreclosure if the property is subject to a mortgage. In the event of a tenant default or bankruptcy, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as landlord and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment and re-leasing our property. If a tenant defaults on or terminates a lease, we may be unable to lease the property for the rent previously received or sell the property without incurring a loss. These events could cause us to reduce the amount of distributions we pay.

 

If any of our significant tenants were adversely affected by a material business downturn or were to become bankrupt or insolvent, our results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

General and regional economic conditions may adversely affect our major tenants and potential tenants in our markets. Our major tenants may experience a material business downturn, which could potentially result in a failure to make timely rental payments or a default under their leases. In many cases, through tenant improvement allowances and other concessions, we will have made substantial up-front investments in the applicable leases that we may not be able to recover. In the event of a tenant default, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights and may also incur substantial costs to protect our investments.

 

The bankruptcy or insolvency of a major tenant or lease guarantor may adversely affect the income produced by our properties and may delay our efforts to collect past due balances under the relevant leases and could ultimately preclude collection of these sums altogether. If a lease is rejected by a tenant in bankruptcy, we would have only a general unsecured claim for damages that is limited in amount and which may only be paid to the extent that funds are available and in the same percentage as is paid to all other holders of unsecured claims.

 

If any of our significant tenants were to become bankrupt or insolvent, suffer a downturn in their business, default under their leases, fail to renew their leases or renew on terms less favorable to us than their current terms, our results of operations and cash flow could be adversely affected.

 

We expect to acquire primarily qualified opportunity zone investments, with a focus on markets with favorable risk-return characteristics. If our investments in these geographic areas experience adverse economic conditions, our investments may lose value and we may experience losses.

 

Our initial investments consist of and are expected to continue to consist of properties located in qualified opportunity zones for the development or redevelopment of multifamily, student housing, senior living, healthcare, industrial, self-storage, hospitality, office, mixed-use, data centers and solar projects located throughout the United States and its territories. These qualified opportunity zone investments will carry the risks associated with certain markets where we acquire properties. Consequently, we may experience losses as a result of being overly concentrated in certain geographic areas. A worsening of economic conditions in U.S. markets and, in particular, the markets where we end up acquiring properties, could have an adverse effect on our business and could impair the value of our collateral.

 

32
Table Of Contents

 

Actions of any joint venture partners that we may have in the future could reduce the returns on joint venture investments and decrease your overall investment return.

 

We enter into joint ventures to acquire properties and other assets and investments. We may also purchase and develop properties in joint ventures or in partnerships, co-tenancies or other co-ownership arrangements. Such investments may involve risks not otherwise present with other methods of investment, including, for example, the risks:

 

  that our co-venturer, co-tenant or partner in an investment could become insolvent or bankrupt;
     
  that our co-venturer, co-tenant or partner in an investment could engage in certain bad acts, such as fraud or intentional misrepresentation, intentional waste, willful misconduct, criminal acts, misappropriation of funds, that would increase our expenses or result in other liabilities to us;
     
  that such co-venturer, co-tenant or partner may at any time have economic or business interests or goals that are or that become inconsistent with our business interests or goals;
     
  that such co-venturer, co-tenant or partner may be delegated certain “day-to-day” property operating procedures;
     
  that such co-venturer, co-tenant or partner may be in a position to act contrary to our instructions or requests or contrary to our policies or objectives; or
     
  that disputes between us and our co-venturer, co-tenant or partner may result in litigation or arbitration that would increase our expenses and prevent our officers and directors from focusing their time and effort on our operations.

 

Any of the above might subject an investment to liabilities in excess of those contemplated and thus reduce our returns on that investment and the value of your investment.

 

We intend to seek opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses.

 

We intend to seek opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses using our equity as transaction consideration. These acquisitions will involve significant challenges and risks, including, without limitation, regulatory complexities associated with integrating other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses into our organizational structure in a manner that is consistent with our intended qualification as a publicly traded partnership and qualified opportunity fund, new regulatory requirements and compliance risks that we may become subject to as a result of acquisitions, unforeseen or hidden liabilities or costs that may adversely affect our NAV following such acquisitions, and the risk that any of our proposed acquisitions do not close. Any of these challenges could disrupt our ongoing operations, increase our expenses and adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Costs imposed pursuant to governmental laws and regulations may reduce our net income and the cash available for distributions.

 

Real property and the operations conducted on real property are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to protection of the environment and human health. We could be subject to liability in the form of fines, penalties or damages for noncompliance with these laws and regulations. These laws and regulations generally govern wastewater discharges, air emissions, the operation and removal of underground and above-ground storage tanks, the use, storage, treatment, transportation and disposal of solid and hazardous materials, the remediation of contamination associated with the release or disposal of solid and hazardous materials, the presence of toxic building materials and other health and safety-related concerns.

 

Some of these laws and regulations may impose joint and several liability on the tenants, owners or operators of real property for the costs to investigate or remediate contaminated properties, regardless of fault, whether the contamination occurred prior to purchase, or whether the acts causing the contamination were legal. Activities of our tenants, the condition of properties at the time we buy them, operations in the vicinity of our properties, such as the presence of underground storage tanks, or activities of unrelated third parties may affect our properties.

 

33
Table Of Contents

 

The presence of hazardous substances, or the failure to properly manage, insure, bond over, or remediate these substances, may hinder our ability to sell, rent or pledge such property as collateral for future borrowings. Any material expenditures, fines, penalties or damages we must pay will reduce our ability to make distributions and may reduce the value of your investment.

 

The costs of defending against claims of environmental liability, of complying with environmental regulatory requirements, of remediating any contaminated property or of paying personal injury or other damage claims could reduce the amounts available for distributions.

 

Under various federal, state and local environmental laws, ordinances and regulations, a current or previous real property owner or operator may be liable for the cost of removing or remediating hazardous or toxic substances on, under or in such property. These costs could be substantial. Such laws often impose liability whether or not the owner or operator knew of, or was responsible for, the presence of such hazardous or toxic substances. Environmental laws also may impose liens on property or restrictions on the manner in which property may be used or businesses may be operated, and these restrictions may require substantial expenditures or prevent us from entering into leases with prospective tenants that may be impacted by such laws. Environmental laws provide for sanctions for noncompliance and may be enforced by governmental agencies or, in certain circumstances, by private parties. Certain environmental laws and common law principles could be used to impose liability for the release of and exposure to hazardous substances, including asbestos-containing materials and lead-based paint. Third parties may seek recovery from real property owners or operators for personal injury or property damage associated with exposure to released hazardous substances and governments may seek recovery for natural resource damage. The costs of defending against claims of environmental liability, of complying with environmental regulatory requirements, of remediating any contaminated property, or of paying personal injury, property damage or natural resource damage claims could reduce the amounts available for distribution to you.

 

We expect that all of our properties will be subject to Phase I environmental assessments at the time they are acquired; however, such assessments may not provide complete environmental histories due, for example, to limited available information about prior operations at the properties or other gaps in information at the time we acquire the property. A Phase I environmental assessment is an initial environmental investigation to identify potential environmental liabilities associated with the current and past uses of a given property. If any of our properties were found to contain hazardous or toxic substances after our acquisition, the value of our investment could decrease below the amount paid for such investment.

 

Costs associated with complying with the Americans with Disabilities Act may decrease cash available for distributions.

 

Our properties may be subject to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended (the “ADA”). Under the ADA, all places of public accommodation are required to comply with federal requirements related to access and use by disabled persons. The ADA has separate compliance requirements for “public accommodations” and “commercial facilities” that generally require that buildings and services be made accessible and available to people with disabilities. The ADA’s requirements could require removal of access barriers and could result in the imposition of injunctive relief, monetary penalties or, in some cases, an award of damages. Any funds used for ADA compliance will reduce our net income and the amount of cash available for distributions to you.

 

Uninsured losses relating to real property or excessively expensive premiums for insurance coverage could reduce our cash flows and the amounts available for distributions.

 

There are types of losses, generally catastrophic in nature, such as losses due to wars, acts of terrorism, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, pollution or environmental matters, that are uninsurable or not economically insurable, or may be insured subject to limitations, such as large deductibles or co-payments. Insurance risks associated with potential acts of terrorism could sharply increase the premiums we pay for coverage against property and casualty claims. Additionally, mortgage lenders in some cases insist that commercial property owners purchase coverage against terrorism as a condition for providing mortgage loans. Such insurance policies may not be available at reasonable costs, if at all, which could inhibit our ability to finance or refinance our properties. In such instances, we may be required to provide other financial support, either through financial assurances or self-insurance, to cover potential losses. We may not have adequate coverage for such losses. If any of our properties incurs a casualty loss that is not fully insured, the value of our assets will be reduced by any such uninsured or under insured loss, which may reduce the value of your investment. In addition, other than any working capital reserve or other reserves we may establish, we have no source of funding to repair or reconstruct any uninsured or under insured property. Also, to the extent we must pay unexpectedly large amounts for insurance, we could suffer reduced earnings that would result in lower distributions to you.

 

34
Table Of Contents

 

Many of our investments are illiquid and we may not be able to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic and other conditions.

 

Many factors that are beyond our control affect the market for commercial real estate, real estate-related assets and private equity investments and could affect our ability to sell assets and investments for the price, on the terms or within the time frame that we desire. These factors include general economic conditions, the availability of financing, interest rates and other factors, including supply and demand. Because commercial real estate, real estate-related assets and private equity investments are relatively illiquid, we have a limited ability to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic or other conditions. Further, before we can sell an investment on the terms we want, it may be necessary to expend funds to improve our investments. However, we can give no assurance that we will have the funds available make such improvements. As a result, we expect many of our investments will be illiquid, and if we are required to liquidate all or a portion of our portfolio quickly, we may realize significantly less than the value at which we have previously recorded our investments and our ability to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic and other conditions may be relatively limited, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Declines in the market values of our investments may adversely affect results of operations and credit availability, which may reduce earnings and, in turn, cash available for distributions.

 

A decline in the market value of our assets may adversely affect us particularly in instances where we have borrowed money based on the market value of those assets. If the market value of those assets decline, the lender may require us to post additional collateral to support the loan. If we were unable to post the additional collateral, we may have to sell assets at a time when we might not otherwise choose to do so. A reduction in credit available may reduce our earnings and, in turn, cash available for distributions.

 

Further, credit facility providers may require us to maintain a certain amount of cash reserves or to set aside unlevered assets sufficient to maintain a specified liquidity position, which would allow us to satisfy our collateral obligations. As a result, we may not be able to leverage our assets as fully as we would choose, which could reduce our return on equity. In the event that we are unable to meet these contractual obligations, our financial condition could deteriorate rapidly.

 

Market values of our investments may decline for a number of reasons, such as changes in prevailing market capitalization rates, increases in market vacancy, or decreases in market rents.

 

If we sell a property by providing financing to the purchaser, we will bear the risk of default by the purchaser, which could delay or reduce the cash available for distributions.

 

If we decide to sell any of our properties, we intend to use our best efforts to sell them for cash; however, in some instances, we may sell our properties by providing financing to purchasers. When we provide financing to a purchaser, we will bear the risk that the purchaser may default, which could reduce our cash available for distributions. Even in the absence of a purchaser default, the distribution of the proceeds of the sale to holders of our Class A units, or the reinvestment of the proceeds in other assets, will be delayed until the promissory note or other property we may accept upon a sale are actually paid, sold, refinanced or otherwise disposed.

 

Risks Related to Conflicts of Interest

 

There are conflicts of interest between us, our Manager, and its affiliates.

 

Our executive officers, Brandon Lacoff and Martin Lacoff, are executive officers of our Manager and its affiliates, including our Sponsor. Prevailing market rates are determined by our Manager based on industry standards and expectations of what our Manager would be able to negotiate with a third party on an arm’s length basis. All of the agreements and arrangements between us and our Manager or its affiliates, including those relating to compensation, are not the result of arm’s length negotiations with an unaffiliated third party. Some of the conflicts inherent in our transactions with our Manager and its affiliates, and the limitations on our Manager and its affiliates adopted to address these conflicts, are described below. We, our Manager, and its affiliates will try to balance our interests with their own. However, to the extent that our Manager and its affiliates take actions that are more favorable to other entities than us, these actions could have a negative impact on our financial performance and, consequently, on distributions to the holders of our Class A units and the NAV of our Class A units.

 

35
Table Of Contents

 

The interests of our Manager, and its affiliates may conflict with your interests.

 

The Management Agreement provides our Manager with broad powers and authority which may result in one or more conflicts of interest between your interests and those of our Manager and its affiliates. This risk is increased by our Sponsor and our Manager being controlled by Brandon Lacoff and Martin Lacoff, who currently participate, and are expected to sponsor and participate, directly or indirectly, in other offerings by our Sponsor and its affiliates. Potential conflicts of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

  our Sponsor, Manager, and their affiliates may continue to offer other real estate, real estate-related and private equity investment opportunities, including additional offerings similar to this offering, and may make investments in assets for their own respective accounts, whether or not competitive with our business;
     
  our Sponsor, Manager, and their affiliates will not be required to disgorge any profits, fees or other compensation they may receive from any other business they own or operate separately from us, and you will not be entitled to receive or share in any of the profits, returns, fees or other compensation from any other business owned or operated by our Sponsor, Manager or their affiliates;
     
  we may engage our Sponsor, Manager or their affiliates to perform services at prevailing market rates. Prevailing market rates are determined by our Manager based on industry standards and expectations of what our Sponsor and our Manager would be able to negotiate with a third party on an arm’s length basis; and
     
  our Sponsor, Manager and their affiliates are not required to devote all of their time and efforts to our business and affairs.

 

Holders of our Class A units will have no right to enforce the obligations of our Sponsor, Manager, or any of their or our affiliates under the terms of any agreements with the Company.

 

Any agreements between the Company, on one hand, and our Sponsor, Manager, or any of their or our affiliates, on the other, will not grant to the holders of our Class A units, separate and apart from the Company, the right to enforce the terms of such agreements or any obligations of our Sponsor, Manager or their or our affiliates in favor of the Company.

 

The management fee our Manager receives will be based on our NAV and our Manager is ultimately responsible for calculating our NAV.

 

We pay our Manager a quarterly management fee at an annualized rate of 0.75%. The management fee is based on our NAV, as calculated by our Manager at the end of each quarter. Our NAV will be announced within approximately 60 days of the last day of each quarter. Our NAV will be calculated using a process designed to produce a fair and accurate estimate of the price that would be received for our assets and investments in an arm’s-length transaction between a willing buyer and a willing seller in possession of all material information about our assets and investments. As with any asset valuation protocol, the conclusions reached by our Manager or any third-party firm that we engage to prepare or assist with preparing the NAV of our Class A units will involve significant judgments, assumptions, and opinions in the application of both observable and unobservable attributes that may or may not prove to be correct. It is important to note that the determination of our NAV will not be based on, nor is it intended to comply with, fair value standards under U.S. GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions. There can be no assurance that the judgments, assumptions, and opinions used by our Manager to calculate our NAV, or the resulting NAV, will be the same as those judgments, assumptions and opinions that would be used, or the NAV that would be calculated, by an independent third-party firm. In addition, our Manager may benefit by us retaining ownership of our assets and investments in order to avoid a reduction in our NAV at times when the holders of our Class A units may be better served by the sale or disposition of our assets or investments. If our NAV is calculated in a way that is not reflective of our actual NAV, then the purchase price of shares of our Class A units may not accurately reflect the value of our assets and investments, and your Class A units may be worth less than the purchase price paid.

 

36
Table Of Contents

 

Risks Related to Sources of Financing and Hedging

 

We may incur significant debt, which may subject us to increased risk of loss and may reduce cash available for distributions.

 

Subject to market conditions and availability, we may incur significant debt through bank credit facilities (including term loans and revolving facilities), repurchase agreements, warehouse facilities and structured financing arrangements, public and private debt issuances, and derivative instruments, in addition to transaction or asset specific funding arrangements. The percentage of leverage we employ will vary depending on our available capital, our ability to obtain and access financing arrangements with lenders, debt restrictions contained in those financing arrangements and the lenders’ and rating agencies’ estimate of the stability of our investment portfolio’s cash flow. Our targeted aggregate property-level leverage, excluding any debt at the corporate level or on assets under development or renovation, after we have acquired a substantial portfolio of stabilized properties, is between 50-70% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. Our targeted aggregate property-level leverage, excluding any debt at the Company level or on assets under development or redevelopment, after we have acquired a substantial portfolio of stabilized commercial real estate, is between 50-70% of the greater of the cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. During the period when we are acquiring, developing, and redeveloping our investments, we may employ greater leverage on individual assets. Our Manager may from time to time modify our leverage policy in its discretion. Incurring substantial debt could subject us to many risks that, if realized, would materially and adversely affect us, including the risk that:

 

  our cash flow from operations may be insufficient to make required payments of principal of and interest on the debt or we may fail to comply with all of the other covenants contained in the debt, which is likely to result in (i) acceleration of such debt (and any other debt containing a cross-default or cross-acceleration provision) that we may be unable to repay from internal funds or to refinance on favorable terms, or at all, (ii) our inability to borrow unused amounts under our financing arrangements, even if we are current in payments on borrowings under those arrangements or pay distributions of excess cash flow held in reserve by such financing sources, or (iii) the loss of some or all of our assets to foreclosure or sale;
     
  our debt may increase our vulnerability to adverse economic and industry conditions with no assurance that investment yields will increase with higher financing costs;
     
  we may be required to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to payments on our debt, thereby reducing funds available for operations, future business opportunities, distributions to holders of our Class A units or other purposes; and
     
  we are not able to refinance debt that matures prior to the investment it was used to finance on favorable terms, or at all.

 

There can be no assurance that a leveraging strategy will be successful.

 

Any lending facilities will likely impose restrictive covenants.

 

Any lending facilities which we enter into would be expected to contain customary negative covenants and other financial and operating covenants that, among other things, may affect our ability to incur additional debt, make certain investments or acquisitions, reduce liquidity below certain levels, pay distributions, redeem debt or equity securities and impact our flexibility to determine our operating policies and investment strategies. For example, such loan documents may contain negative covenants that limit, among other things, our ability to distribute more than a certain amount of our net income or funds from operations to holders of our Class A units, employ leverage beyond certain amounts, sell assets, engage in mergers or consolidations, grant liens, and enter into transactions with affiliates (including amending the Management Agreement with our Manager in a material respect). If we fail to meet or satisfy any such covenants, we would likely be in default under these agreements, and the lenders could elect to declare outstanding amounts due and payable, terminate their commitments, require the posting of additional collateral, and enforce their interests against existing collateral. We could also become subject to cross-default and acceleration rights and, with respect to collateralized debt, the posting of additional collateral and foreclosure rights upon default.

 

37
Table Of Contents

 

Interest rate fluctuations could increase our financing costs and reduce our ability to generate income on our investments, each of which could lead to a significant decrease in our results of operations, cash flows and the market value of our investments.

 

Our primary interest rate exposures will relate to the yield on our investments and the financing cost of our debt, as well as any interest rate derivatives that we utilize for hedging purposes. Changes in interest rates will affect our net interest income, which is the difference between the income we earn on our investments and the interest expense we incur in financing these investments. Interest rate fluctuations resulting in our interest expense exceeding income would result in operating losses for us. Changes in the level of interest rates also may affect our ability to invest in investments, the value of our investments and our ability to realize gains from the disposition of assets and investments.

 

To the extent that our financing costs will be determined by reference to floating rates, such as the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) or a Treasury index, plus a margin, the amount of such costs will depend on a variety of factors, including, without limitation, (i) for collateralized debt, the value and liquidity of the collateral, and for non-collateralized debt, our credit, (ii) the level and movement of interest rates, and (iii) general market conditions and liquidity. In a period of rising interest rates, our interest expense on floating rate debt would increase, while any income we earn may not compensate for such increase in interest expense.

 

Our operating results will depend, in part, on differences between the income earned on our investments, net of credit losses, and our financing costs. For any period during which our investments are not match-funded, the income earned on such investments may respond more slowly to interest rate fluctuations than the cost of our borrowings. Consequently, changes in interest rates, particularly short-term interest rates, may immediately and significantly decrease our results of operations and cash flows and the market value of our investments.

 

Hedging against interest rate exposure may adversely affect our earnings, limit our gains or result in losses, which could adversely affect cash available for distributions.

 

We may enter into interest rate swap agreements or pursue other interest rate hedging strategies. Our hedging activity will vary in scope based on the level of interest rates, the type and expected duration of portfolio investments held, and other changing market conditions. Interest rate hedging may fail to protect or could adversely affect us because, among other things:

 

  interest rate hedging can be expensive, particularly during periods of rising and volatile interest rates;
     
  available interest rate hedging may not correspond directly with the interest rate risk for which protection is sought;
     
  the duration of the hedge may not match the duration of the related liability or asset;
     
  the credit quality of the party owing money on the hedge may be downgraded to such an extent that it impairs our ability to sell or assign our side of the hedging transaction;
     
  the party owing money in the hedging transaction may default on its obligation to pay; and
     
  we may purchase a hedge that turns out not to be necessary (i.e., a hedge that is out of the money).

 

Any hedging activity we engage in may adversely affect our earnings, which could adversely affect cash available for distributions. Therefore, while we may enter into such transactions to seek to reduce interest rate risks, unanticipated changes in interest rates may result in poorer overall investment performance than if we had not engaged in any such hedging transactions. In addition, the degree of correlation between price movements of the instruments used in a hedging strategy and price movements in the portfolio positions being hedged or liabilities being hedged may vary materially. Moreover, for a variety of reasons, we may not seek to establish a perfect correlation between such hedging instruments and the portfolio holdings being hedged. Any such imperfect correlation may prevent us from achieving the intended hedge and expose us to risk of loss.

 

38
Table Of Contents

 

Hedging instruments are often not traded on regulated exchanges or guaranteed by an exchange or its clearing house and involve risks and costs that could result in material losses.

 

The cost of using hedging instruments increases as the period covered by the instrument increases and during periods of rising and volatile interest rates, we may increase our hedging activity and thus increase our hedging costs during periods when interest rates are volatile or rising and hedging costs have increased. In addition, hedging instruments involve risk since they are often not traded on regulated exchanges or guaranteed by an exchange or its clearing house. Consequently, there are no requirements with respect to record keeping, financial responsibility or segregation of customer funds and positions. Furthermore, the enforceability of agreements underlying hedging transactions may depend on compliance with applicable statutory and commodity and other regulatory requirements and, depending on the identity of the counterparty, applicable international requirements. The business failure of a hedging counterparty with whom we enter into a hedging transaction will most likely result in its default. Default by a party with whom we enter into a hedging transaction may result in the loss of unrealized profits and force us to cover our commitments, if any, at the then current market price.

 

Although generally we will seek to reserve the right to terminate our hedging positions, it may not always be possible to dispose of or close out a hedging position without the consent of the hedging counterparty and we may not be able to enter into an offsetting contract in order to cover our risk. We cannot assure you that a liquid secondary market will exist for hedging instruments purchased or sold, and we may be required to maintain a position until exercise or expiration, which could result in significant losses.

 

Any bank credit facilities and repurchase agreements that we may use in the future to finance our assets may require us to provide additional collateral or pay down debt.

 

We may utilize bank credit facilities, repurchase agreements (including term loans and revolving facilities) or guarantee arrangements to finance our assets if they become available on acceptable terms. Such financing arrangements, including any guarantees, would involve the risk that the market value of any investments pledged by us to the provider of the bank credit facility or repurchase agreement counterparty may decline in value, in which case the lender may require us to provide additional collateral or to repay all or a portion of the funds advanced. We may not have the funds available to repay our debt at that time, which would likely result in defaults unless we are able to raise the funds from alternative sources, which we may not be able to achieve on favorable terms or at all. Posting additional collateral would reduce our liquidity and limit our ability to leverage our assets. If we cannot meet these requirements, the lender could accelerate our indebtedness or enforce our guarantee, increase the interest rate on advanced funds and terminate our ability to borrow funds from it, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and ability to implement our investment strategy. In addition, if the lender files for bankruptcy or becomes insolvent, our loans and guarantees may become subject to bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings, thus depriving us, at least temporarily, of the benefit of these assets. Such an event could restrict our access to bank credit facilities and increase our cost of capital. The providers of bank credit facilities and repurchase agreement financing may also require us to maintain a certain amount of cash or set aside assets sufficient to maintain a specified liquidity position that would allow us to satisfy our collateral obligations. As a result, we may not be able to leverage our assets as fully as we would choose, which could reduce our return on assets. If we are unable to meet these collateral obligations, our financial condition and prospects could deteriorate rapidly.

 

We may give full or partial guarantees to lenders of mortgage debt to the entities that own our properties.

 

When we give a guaranty on behalf of an entity that owns one of our properties, we will be responsible to the lender for satisfaction of the debt if it is not paid by such entity. If any mortgages contain cross-collateralization or cross-default provisions, there is a risk that more than one real property may be affected by a default. If any of our properties are foreclosed upon due to a default, our ability to make distributions will be adversely affected. Accordingly, our approach to investing in properties utilizing leverage in order to accomplish our investment objectives may present more risks to investors than comparable real estate programs that do not utilize borrowing to the same degree.

 

39
Table Of Contents

 

If we enter into financing arrangements involving balloon payment obligations, it may adversely affect our ability to make distributions.

 

Some of our financing arrangements may require us to make a lump-sum or “balloon” payment at maturity. Our ability to make a balloon payment is uncertain and may depend upon our ability to obtain replacement financing or our ability to sell particular properties. At the time the balloon payment is due, we may or may not be able to refinance the balloon payment on terms as favorable as the original loan or sell the particular property at a price sufficient to make the balloon payment. Such a refinancing would be dependent upon interest rates and lenders’ policies at the time of refinancing, economic conditions in general and the value of the underlying properties in particular. The effect of a refinancing or sale could affect the rate of return to the holders of our Class A units and the projected time of disposition of our assets.

 

Our access to sources of financing may be limited and thus our ability to grow our business and to maximize our returns may be adversely affected.

 

Subject to market conditions and availability, we may incur significant debt through bank credit facilities (including term loans and revolving facilities), repurchase agreements, warehouse facilities and structured financing arrangements, public and private debt issuances and derivative instruments, in addition to transaction or asset specific funding arrangements. We may also issue additional debt or equity securities to fund our growth.

 

Our access to sources of financing will depend upon a number of factors, over which we have little or no control, including:

 

  general economic or market conditions;
     
  the market’s view of the quality of our assets;
     
  the market’s perception of our growth potential; and
     
  our current and potential future earnings and cash distributions.

 

We will need to periodically access the capital and credit markets to raise cash to fund new investments. Unfavorable economic or market conditions may increase our funding costs, limit our access to the capital or credit markets or could result in a decision by potential lenders not to extend credit. An inability to successfully access the capital or credit markets could limit our ability to grow our business and fully execute our investment strategy and could decrease our earnings, if any. In addition, uncertainty in the capital and credit markets could adversely affect one or more private lenders and could cause one or more of our private lenders to be unwilling or unable to provide us with financing or to increase the costs of that financing. In addition, if regulatory capital requirements imposed on our private lenders change, they may be required to limit, or increase the cost of, financing they provide to us. In general, this could potentially increase our financing costs and reduce our liquidity or require us to sell assets at an inopportune time or price. No assurance can be given that we will be able to obtain any such financing on favorable terms or at all.

 

Risks Relating to U.S. Federal Taxation

 

There will be no assurance that we will continue to meet the requirements for treatment as a partnership. If we fail to maintain our classification as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes and no relief provisions apply, we would be subject to entity level U.S. federal income tax and, as a result, our cash available for distributions and the value of our Class A units could materially decrease.

 

We have been treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes since our tax year ended December 31, 2020. We intend to manage our affairs so that we continue to meet the requirement for classification as a partnership. The anticipated after-tax economic benefit of an investment in our Class A units depends in large part on our continued treatment as a partnership for federal income tax purposes.

 

Despite the fact that we are organized as a limited liability company under Delaware law, if we fail to meet any of the applicable requirements for classification as a partnership, we would be treated as a corporation pursuant to section 7704 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).

 

If we were treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes, holders of our Class A units would lose the tax benefits associated with investing in a partnership. We would pay federal income tax on our taxable income at the corporate tax rate, which is currently a maximum of 21%, and would likely pay state and local income tax at varying rates. Our distributions would generally be taxed again as corporate distributions (to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits), and no income, gains, losses, deductions or credits would flow through to holders of our units. Because a tax would be imposed on us as a corporation, our cash available for distributions would be substantially reduced. Therefore, our treatment as a corporation would result in a material reduction in cash flow and after-tax return to holders of our Class A units, likely causing a substantial reduction in the value of our Class A units.

 

40
Table Of Contents

 

There can be no assurance that we will continue to meet the requirements for classification as a qualified opportunity fund.

 

We qualified as a “qualified opportunity fund” beginning with our taxable year ended December 31, 2020. We intend to manage our affairs so that we continue to meet the requirements for classification as a “qualified opportunity fund,” pursuant to Section 1400Z-2 of the Code and the related regulations issued by the U.S. Department of the Treasury and U.S. Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) on December 19, 2019, together with the correcting amendments issued on April 6, 2020, additional relief issued on January 13, 2021 and further correcting amendments issued on August 5, 2021 (collectively the “Opportunity Zone Regulations”). However, qualified opportunity funds and the Opportunity Zone Regulations are relatively new and as yet untested, and our ability to be treated as a qualified opportunity fund and to operate in conformity with the requirements to continue to be treated as a qualified opportunity fund is subject to uncertainty. If we fail to continue to meet the requirements for classification as a qualified opportunity fund, holders of our Class A units would lose the tax benefits associated with investing in a qualified opportunity fund and the value of our Class A units would likely be adversely affected.

 

Investors must make appropriate timely investments and elections in order to take advantage of the benefits of investing in a qualified opportunity fund.

 

In order to receive the benefits of investing in a qualified opportunity fund, taxpayers must make deferral elections on Form 8949, Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets, which will need to be attached to their U.S. federal income tax returns for the taxable year in which gain treated as capital gain (short-term or long-term) that result from the sale or exchange of capital assets would have been recognized had it not been deferred. In addition, Form 8997, Initial and Annual Statement of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, requires eligible taxpayers holding a qualified opportunity fund investment at any point during the tax year to report: (i) qualified opportunity fund investments holdings at the beginning and end of the tax year; (ii) current tax year capital gains deferred by investing in a qualified opportunity fund; and (iii) qualified opportunity fund investments disposed of during the tax year. Taxpayers may receive a Letter 6502, Reporting Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, or a Letter 6503, Annual Reporting of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, if they have not properly followed the instructions for Form 8997, Initial and Annual Statement of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, and the IRS is missing information, the taxpayer entered invalid information, or the requirements to maintain a qualifying investment have not been followed. Taxpayers who receive a Letter 6502, Reporting Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, or a Letter 6503, Annual Reporting of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, may need to file an amended return or an administrative adjustment request with a properly completed Form 8997, Initial and Annual Statement of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments. The procedures that you will need to follow to defer your capital gains and the requirements related to maintaining a qualifying investment are highly technical and complex, accordingly, we recommend that you consult with your own tax advisor.

 

The tax treatment of an investment in our Class A units could be subject to potential legislative, judicial, or administrative changes or differing interpretations, possibly applied on a retroactive basis.

 

The present U.S. federal income tax treatment of an investment in our Class A units may be modified by administrative, legislative, or judicial interpretation at any time. From time to time, members of Congress propose and consider substantive changes to the existing U.S. federal income tax laws that would affect us, including a prior legislative proposal that would have eliminated the “qualifying income” exception upon which we intend to rely for our treatment as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. There can be no assurance that there will not be changes to U.S. federal income tax laws or the Department of Treasury’s or IRS’s interpretation of the qualifying income and qualified opportunity fund rules in a manner that could impact our ability to continue to qualify as a partnership or qualified opportunity fund in the future, which could negatively impact the value of an investment in our Class A units. Any changes to the U.S. federal tax laws and interpretations thereof may be applied prospectively or retroactively and could make it more difficult or impossible for us to meet the qualifying income exception or qualified opportunity fund requirements and accordingly adversely affect the tax consequences associated with an investment in our Class A units.

 

41
Table Of Contents

 

If the IRS contests the U.S. federal income tax positions we take, the value our Class A units may be adversely impacted, and the cost of any IRS contest will reduce cash available for distributions.

 

The IRS may adopt positions that differ from the positions we have taken or may take on tax matters. It may be necessary to resort to administrative or court proceedings to sustain some or all of the positions we take. A court may not agree with some or all of the positions we take. Any contest with the IRS may materially and adversely impact the value of our Class A units. In addition, the costs of any contest with the IRS will be borne indirectly by the holders of our Class A units because the costs will reduce our cash available for distribution.

 

If the IRS makes audit adjustments to our income tax returns, the IRS (and some states) may assess and collect any taxes (including any applicable penalties and interest) resulting from such audit adjustments directly from us, in which case our cash available for distribution holders of our Class A units might be substantially reduced, and current and former holders of our Class A units may be required to indemnify us for any taxes (including applicable penalties and interest) resulting from audit adjustments paid on their behalf.

 

Even if you do not receive any cash distributions from us, you will be required to pay taxes on your share of our taxable income.

 

You will be required to pay U.S. federal income taxes and, in some cases, state and local income taxes, on your share of our taxable income, whether or not you receive cash distributions from us. For example, if we sell assets and reinvest the proceeds or use proceeds to repay existing debt, you may be allocated taxable income and gain resulting from the sale and our cash available for distribution would not increase. You may not receive cash distributions from us equal to your share of our taxable income or even equal to the actual tax due from you with respect to that income.

 

You will likely be subject to state and local taxes and return filing requirements as a result of investing in our Class A units.

 

In addition to federal income taxes, holders of our Class A units likely will be subject to other taxes, such as state and local income taxes, unincorporated business taxes and estate, inheritance, or intangible taxes that are imposed by the various jurisdictions in which we do business or own property now or in the future. Holders of our Class A units will likely be required to file state and local income tax returns and pay state and local income taxes in some or all of these various jurisdictions, even if they do not live in these jurisdictions. Further, holders of our Class A units may be subject to penalties for failure to comply with those requirements. It is the responsibility of the holders of our Class A units to file all federal, state, local and foreign tax returns.

 

You will receive a Schedule K-1 to IRS Form 1065, which could increase the complexity of your tax circumstances.

 

We will prepare and deliver a Schedule K-1 to IRS Form 1065 for each holder of our Class A units. Your Schedule K-1 will contain information regarding your allocable share of our items of income, gain, loss, deduction, credit and adjustments to the carrying value of our assets and investments. Schedule K-1s are usually complex, and you may find that preparing your own tax returns requires additional time. You may also find it necessary or advisable to engage the services of an accountant or other tax adviser, at your own cost and expense, to assist with the preparation of your tax returns.

 

In addition, it is possible that your income tax liability with respect your allocable share of our income for a particular taxable year, as reflected on your Schedule K-1, could exceed the amount of cash distributions, if any, that we make to you for that taxable year, thus giving rise to an out-of-pocket tax liability. Accordingly, you should consult with your own accountant or other tax advisers concerning the tax consequences of your specific tax circumstances prior to acquiring, holding or disposing of any of our Class A units.

 

42
Table Of Contents

 

We do not expect to be able to furnish definitive Schedule K-1s to IRS Form 1065 to each holder of our Class A units prior to the deadline for filing U.S. income tax returns, which means that holders of our Class A units who are U.S. taxpayers should anticipate the need to file annually a request for an extension of the due date of their income tax returns. In addition, it is possible that holders of our Class A units may be required to file amended income tax returns.

 

As a partnership, we will report our operating results, including income, gains, losses, deductions, credits and adjustments to the carrying value of our assets and investments to IRS annually on Form 1065 provide a Schedule K-1 to each holder of our Class A units. Although we currently intend to distribute Schedule K-1s on or around 90 days after the end of our fiscal year, it may require a substantial period of time after the end of our fiscal year to obtain the requisite information from all lower-tier entities to enable us to prepare and deliver Schedule K-1s. For this reason, holders of Class A units should anticipate that they will need to file annually with the IRS (and certain states) a request for an extension past the due date of their income tax return.

 

In addition, it is possible that a holder of our Class A units will be required to file amended income tax returns or report additional income on later-year tax returns as a result of adjustments to items on income tax returns of the Company or our Operating Companies. Any obligation of a holder of our Class A units to file amended income tax returns for the foregoing or any other reason, including any costs incurred in the preparation or filing of such returns, is the responsibility of each holder of our Class A units.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties.

 

Our principal executive offices are located in a space owned by an affiliate of our Sponsor at 255 Glenville Road, Greenwich, Connecticut 06831. We consider these facilities to be suitable for the management of our business.

 

For an overview of our investments in multifamily and mixed-use rental properties, refer to Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Investments in Multifamily and Mixed-Use Rental Properties.”

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

From time to time we may be involved in various claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. As of December 31, 2022, neither we nor any of our subsidiaries were subject to any material legal proceedings.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

43
Table Of Contents

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Market Information

 

Our Class A units are traded on the NYSE American under the symbol “OZ” and began trading on NYSE American on October 18, 2021. Neither our Class B units nor our Class M unit are listed or traded on any established public trading market.

 

Holders

 

As of March 24, 2023, there were 47 holders of record of our Class A units, and one holder of record of each of our Class B units and Class M unit, respectively.

 

Distribution Policy

 

We do not expect to pay any distributions until our investments are generating operating cash flow. Once we begin to pay distributions, we expect to pay them quarterly, in arrears, but may pay them less frequently as determined by us following consultation with our Manager. While we have the discretion to modify our distribution policy at any time, we currently anticipate working up to a target annual distribution rate of 6-8%. Any distributions that we do pay will be at the discretion of our Manager, subject to Board oversight, and based on, among other factors, our present and projected future earnings, cash flow, capital needs and general financial condition, as well as any requirements of applicable law. In order to participate in any distribution that we do pay, you must be a holder of record of our Class A units as of the record date for such distribution, and as of the ex-date, if applicable. We have not established a minimum distribution level, and our Operating Agreement does not require that we pay distributions to the holders of our Class A units.

 

Use of Proceeds from Registered Sales of Securities

 

On September 30, 2021, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) declared effective our registration statement on Form S-11, as amended (File No. 333-255424) (the “Registration Statement”), registering up to $750,000,000 of our Class A units on a continuous “best efforts” basis, as part of our ongoing initial public offering (the “Primary Offering”), at an initial price equal to $100.00 per Class A unit. We plan to calculate our net asset value (“NAV”) of our Class A units on a quarterly basis. The per Class A unit purchase price will be adjusted within approximately 60 days of the last day of each quarter (the “Determination Date”). If our NAV increases above or decreases below the price per Class A unit as stated in our prospectus we will adjust the offering price effective as of the first business day following its public announcement. The adjusted offering price will be equal to our adjusted NAV as of the Determination Date (rounded to the nearest dollar) divided by the number of Class A units outstanding on the Determination Date.

 

From the period of October 7, 2021, the date of the first closing held in connection with our Primary Offering, through December 31, 2021, we issued 2,132,039 Class A units in our Primary Offering, raising net offering proceeds of $212.6 million. For the year ended December 31, 2022, we issued 141,300 Class A units in connection with our Primary Offering, raising net offering proceeds of $13.5 million. Together with the gross proceeds raised in Belpointe REIT, Inc.’s prior offerings, as of December 31, 2022, we have raised aggregate gross offering cash proceeds of $346.3 million. See “—Our Transactions with Belpointe REIT, Inc.”

 

44
Table Of Contents

 

The following tables summarize certain information about the Primary Offering proceeds and our use of proceeds, including direct or indirect payments to our directors, officers, affiliates or to any person owning 10% or more of any class of our equity securities as of December 31, 2022:

 

Offering proceeds     
Class A units sold   2,273,339 
Gross offering proceeds  $227,333,900 
Selling commissions    
Offering costs (1) (2) (3)   1,293,422 
Net offering proceeds  $226,040,478 

 

 

 

(1) Includes $0.3 million of reimbursements to an affiliate for costs incurred on our behalf.
(2) Direct or indirect payments of $1.0 million have been made to others, including payments for legal, accounting, transfer agent, FINRA, and filing fees, as of December 31, 2022.
(3) Includes all offering costs incurred by the Company in connection with any offer and sale of securities by the Company.

 

Uses of net offering proceeds     
Funding of loans receivable (1)  $34,955 
Purchases and development of real estate (2)  $29,559 
Working capital (3) (4)   5,865 
   $70,379 

 

 

 

(1) Includes direct payment of $30.0 million to Norpointe, an affiliate of our Chief Executive Officer. See “Part III—Item 13—Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence—Our Affiliate Transactions—Our Transaction with Norpointe, LLC” for additional details regarding our transactions with Norpointe.
(2) Includes direct or indirect payments of $5.8 million to directors, officers and affiliates as of December 31, 2022 predominantly for insurance premiums and employee reimbursement expenditures (pursuant primarily to our development management agreements). See “Part III—Item 13—Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence—Our Affiliate Transactions” for additional information regarding fees incurred on our behalf by, and expenses reimbursable to, our Manager and its affiliates.
(3) Includes direct or indirect payments of $4.6 million to directors, officers and affiliates as of December 31, 2022 for management fees, insurance premiums and employee cost sharing expenses (pursuant to our management agreement and employee and cost sharing agreement). See “Part III—Item 13—Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence—Our Affiliate Transactions” for additional information regarding fees incurred on our behalf by, and expenses reimbursable to, our Manager and its affiliates.
(4) Includes direct or indirect payments of $1.3 million to others, including payments for legal, accounting, marketing, transfer agent and filing fees, as of December 31, 2022.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

 

In connection with our formation, on February 11, 2020, we issued 100 common units representing all of the issued and outstanding limited liability company interests of the Company to our Sponsor for an aggregate purchase price of $10,000.00. No sales commission or other consideration was paid in connection with the sale. The offer and sale was exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), in reliance on Section 4(a)(2) thereof, as a transaction by an issuer not involving any public offering. Effective October 30, 2020, our Sponsor sold one common unit to Belpointe Capital Management, LLC, an affiliate of our Sponsor, for an aggregate purchase price of $100.00, in reliance upon the exemption from registration set forth in Section 4(a)(1) of the Securities Act, as a transaction by a person other than an issuer, underwriter or dealer not involving any public offering.

 

Effective September 13, 2021, we (i) amended and restated our Limited Liability Company Operating Agreement, (ii) reclassified all of our outstanding common units into an equivalent number of Class A units, and (iii) issued 100,000 Class B units and one Class M unit to our Manager. The Class B units were issued in consideration of services rendered and to be rendered by the Manager pursuant to the terms of the Management Agreement, and the Class M unit was issued in furtherance of the power and authority delegated to the Manager under the terms of the Management Agreement. No sales commission or other consideration was paid in connection with the issuance of the Class B units or the Class M unit. The issuance of the Class B units and Class M unit was exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act, in reliance on Section 4(a)(2) thereof, as transactions by an issuer not involving any public offering.

 

As of December 31, 2022, we have not sold any other equity securities that were not registered under the Securities Act.

 

Item 6. [Reserved].

 

45
Table Of Contents

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Form 10-K”). This discussion contains forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties and assumptions relating to our operations, financial results, financial condition, business prospects, growth strategy and liquidity. The factors listed under “Risk Factors” and “Forward-Looking Statements” in this Form 10-K provide examples of risks, uncertainties and events that may cause our actual results to differ materially from the expectations described in any forward-looking statements.

 

Overview

 

We are the only publicly traded qualified opportunity fund listed on a national securities exchange. We are a Delaware limited liability company formed to invest in and manage a portfolio consisting primarily of commercial real estate properties, real estate-related assets, including commercial real estate loans and mortgages, and debt and equity securities issued by other real estate-related companies, and private equity acquisitions and investments, and opportunistic acquisitions of other qualified opportunity funds and qualified opportunity zone businesses. We currently intend to operate in a manner that will allow us to qualify as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

 

We are focused on identifying, acquiring, developing or redeveloping and managing commercial real estate located within qualified opportunity zones. At least 90% of our assets consist of qualified opportunity zone property. We qualified as a qualified opportunity fund beginning with our taxable year ended December 31, 2020. Because we are a qualified opportunity fund certain of our investors are eligible for favorable capital gains tax treatment on their investments.

 

All of our assets are and will continue to be held by, and all of our operations are and will continue to be conducted through, one or more of our Operating Companies, either directly or indirectly through subsidiaries. We are externally managed by Belpointe PREP Manager, LLC (our “Manager”), which is an affiliate of our sponsor, Belpointe, LLC (our “Sponsor”).

 

On September 30, 2021, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) declared effective our registration statement on Form S-11, as amended (File No. 333-255424) (the “Registration Statement”), registering up to $750,000,000 of our Class A units on a continuous “best efforts” basis, as part of our ongoing initial public offering (the “Primary Offering”), at an initial price equal to $100.00 per Class A unit.

 

Our Transactions with Belpointe REIT, Inc.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2021, pursuant to the terms of an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), we conducted an offer to exchange (the “Offer”) each outstanding share of common stock (the “Common Stock”), of Belpointe REIT, Inc. (“Belpointe REIT”) validly tendered in the Offer for 1.05 of our Class A units, with any fractional Class A units rounded up to the nearest whole unit (the “Transaction Consideration”). The Offer was completed on September 14, 2021.

 

Following the Offer, and in accordance with the terms of the Merger Agreement, Belpointe REIT converted from a corporation into a limited liability company (the “Conversion”) named BREIT, LLC (“BREIT”). In the Conversion each outstanding share of Common Stock was converted into a limited liability company interest (an “Interest”) in BREIT. The Conversion was completed on October 1, 2021.

 

Following the Conversion, and in accordance with the terms of the Merger Agreement, BREIT merged with and into BREIT Merger, LLC (“BREIT Merger”), our wholly-owned subsidiary (the “Merger”). In the Merger, each outstanding Interest was converted into the right to receive the Transaction Consideration. The Merger was completed on October 12, 2021.

 

Prior to and in connection with the Offer and Merger (collectively, the “Transaction”), we entered into a series of loan transactions with Belpointe REIT, whereby Belpointe REIT advanced us an aggregate of $74.0 million evidenced by a series of secured promissory notes (the “Secured Notes”) bearing interest at an annual rate of 0.14%, due and payable on December 31, 2021, and secured by all of our assets. Upon consummation of the Merger, BREIT Merger acquired the Secured Notes as successor in interest to Belpointe REIT and, effective October 12, 2021, we entered into a Release and Cancellation of Indebtedness agreement with BREIT Merger pursuant to the terms of which BREIT Merger cancelled the Secured Notes and discharged us from all obligations to repay the principal and any accrued interest on the Secured Notes.

 

46
Table Of Contents

 

Our Business Outlook

 

While market conditions for multifamily and mixed-use rental properties have remained strong over the past several quarters, future economic conditions and the demand for multifamily and mixed-use rental properties are, and the real estate industry in general is, subject to uncertainty as a result of a number of factors, including, among others, the rate of unemployment, increasing interest rates, higher rates of inflation, instability in the banking system, the availability of credit, financial market volatility, general economic uncertainty, increasing energy costs, supply chain disruptions and labor shortages. The potential effect of these and other factors and the projected impact of these and other events on our business, results of operations and financial performance, presents material uncertainty and risk with respect to our future performance and financial results, including the potential to negatively impact our costs of operations, our financing arrangements, the value of our investments, and the laws, regulations and governmental and regulatory policies applicable to us. As a result, our past performance may not be indicative of future results.

 

Given the evolving nature of certain of these factors, the extent to which they may impact our future performance and financial results will depend on future developments which remain highly uncertain and, as a result, at this time we are unable to estimate the impact that these factors may have on our future financial results. Our Manager continuously reviews our investment and financing strategies for optimization and to reduce our risk in the face of the fluidity of these and other factors.

 

Results of Operations

 

   Year Ended December 31,         
(amounts in thousands)  2022   2021   $ Change   % Change 
Revenue                    
Rental revenue  $1,391   $997   $394    40%
Other income               100%
Total revenue   1,391    997    394    40%
                     
Expenses                    
Property expenses   3,809    1,140    2,669    234%
General and administrative   5,798    2,924    2,874    98%
Depreciation and amortization expense   1,291    588    703    120%
Total expenses   10,898    4,652    6,246    134%
                     
Other income (loss)                    
Gain on redemption of equity investment       251    (251)   (100)%
Interest income   1,850    369    1,481    401%
Other income (expense)   (469)   (7)   (462)   6600%
Total other income (loss)   1,381    613    768    125%
Loss before income taxes   (8,126)   (3,042)   (5,084)   167%
Provision for income taxes   (112)       (112)   100%
Net loss   (8,238)   (3,042)   (5,196)   171%
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests   555    (93)   648    (697)%
Net loss attributable to Belpointe PREP, LLC  $(7,683)  $(3,135)  $(4,548)   145%

 

47
Table Of Contents

 

Revenue

 

Rental Revenue

 

For the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, rental revenue increased by $0.4 million. This increase is primarily due to an increase in lease revenues as a result of our 2022 property acquisitions in addition to a full year of activity related to our 2021 property acquisitions, partially offset by a decrease in rental revenue as a result of the sole tenant vacating 1900 Fruitville.

 

Expenses

 

Property Expenses

 

For the year ended December 31, 2022, property expenses consisted of management fees, property operational expenses, real estate taxes, and utilities and insurance expenses incurred in relation to our 2022 and 2021 property acquisitions. For the year ended December 31, 2021, property expenses consisted of property expenses, real estate taxes, and utilities and insurance expenses incurred in relation to our 2021 property acquisitions.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to the same period in 2021, property expenses increased by $2.7 million. This increase is primarily due to management fees incurred following the Registration Statement covering our Primary Offering having been declared effective, and our acquisition of additional properties during 2022 and 2021. See “Business—Overview of Our Business and Operations” for additional details regarding our Primary Offering.

 

General and Administrative

 

For the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, general and administrative expenses increased by $2.9 million. General and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily consisted of employee cost sharing expenses (pursuant to our management agreement and employee and cost sharing agreement), marketing expenses, legal, audit, tax and accounting fees. We became liable for general and administrative expenses in October 2021, in connection with the first closing in our Primary Offering, and as such general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2021 primarily consisted of employee cost sharing expenses (pursuant to our management agreement and employee and cost sharing agreement). See Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence—Our Management Agreement for additional details regarding our management agreement and Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence—Our Employee and Cost Sharing Agreement for additional details regarding our employee and cost sharing agreement .

 

Depreciation and Amortization

 

For the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, depreciation and amortization increased by $0.7 million. This increase is primarily due to our acquisition of operating properties during 2022 and 2021.

 

Other Income (Loss)

 

Gain on Redemption of Equity Investment

 

On September 30, 2021, we lent approximately $3.5 million to CMC (the “CMC Loan”), pursuant to the terms of a non-recourse promissory note secured by a Mortgage Deed and Security Agreement on a property owned by CMC located in Mansfield, Connecticut. CMC used the proceeds from the CMC Loan to enter into a Redemption Agreement with BPOZ 497 Middle Holding, LLC (“BPOZ 497”), an indirect majority-owned subsidiary of Belpointe REIT, to redeem BPOZ 497’s preferred equity investment in CMC in furtherance of our Transaction with Belpointe REIT. See “—Our Transactions with Belpointe REIT, Inc.” for additional details regarding the Transaction. On June 28, 2022, CMC repaid the CMC Loan in full.

 

In connection with CMC’s redemption of BPOZ 497’s preferred equity investment, we recognized a gain on redemption of equity investment of $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. There was no comparable activity for the year ended December 31, 2022.

 

48
Table Of Contents

 

Interest Income

 

On January 3, 2022, we lent $30.0 million (the “Norpointe Loan”) to Norpointe, LLC (“Norpointe”), an affiliate of our Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to the terms of a promissory note secured by a first mortgage lien on certain real property located at 41 Wolfpit Avenue, Norwalk, Connecticut 06851 (the “Norpointe Property”). On June 28, 2023, for purposes of complying with the qualified opportunity fund requirements under the Code and related Treasury Regulations, we restructured the Norpointe Loan (the “Restructured Norpointe Loan”). The Restructured Norpointe Loan was evidenced by a promissory note and was secured by a first mortgage lien on the Norpointe Property. On December 13, 2022, the Restructured Norpointe Loan was repaid in full. See “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence—Our Affiliate Transactions—Our Transaction with Norpointe, LLC” for additional details regarding our transactions with Norpointe.

 

On February 23, 2022, we lent approximately $5.0 million to Visco Propco, LLC (the “Visco Loan”), pursuant to the terms of a promissory note secured by a first lien deed of trust on certain real property located at 801 Visco Drive, Nashville, Tennessee 37210. On December 2, 2022, the Visco Loan was repaid in full.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2022, interest income was $1.9 million and is primarily related to interest of $0.7 million earned on the Norpointe Loan, $0.7 million earned on the Restructured Norpointe Loan, $0.2 million earned on the CMC Loan, and $0.2 million earned on the Visco Loan.

 

Effective September 14, 2021, Belpointe REIT lent $24.8 million to Belpointe Investment Holding, LLC (“BI Holding”), an affiliate of our Sponsor, pursuant to the terms of a secured promissory note (the “BI Secured Note”). Interest accrued on the BI Secured Note at an annual rate of 5.0% and was repaid on November 30, 2021, in connection with our acquisition of 1991 Main.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2021, interest income was $0.4 million and is primarily related to interest of $0.3 million earned on the BI Secured Note, and $0.1 million earned on the CMC Loan.

 

Further information regarding our commercial real estate loan transactions is provided in “Note 8 – Loans Receivable” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

On June 28, 2022, through an indirect majority-owned subsidiary of our Operating Company, we acquired a 70.2% controlling interest in CMC (the “CMC Interest”), for an initial capital contribution of $3.8 million. As part of the transaction two unaffiliated joint venture partners (the “CMC JV Partners”) were deemed to have made a combined initial capital contribution of $3.1 million. Following our acquisition of the CMC Interest, we discovered that one of the CMC JV Partners had misappropriated cash from the other CMC JV Partner’s cash account. As a result, the CMC JV Partner agreed to forfeit its interest in CMC as of March 24, 2023. Other income (expense) for the year ended December 31, 2022, primarily relates to a loss of $0.4 million recorded in connection with the misappropriated cash. For the year ended December 31, 2021, Other income (expense) relates to primarily relates to sales tax in connection with the 1991 Main parking garage easement agreement and interest expense on the 900 Eighth Promissory Note.

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

For the year ended December 31, 2022, provision for income taxes relates to taxes incurred (including penalties and interest) in connection with our acquisition of Belpointe REIT. As a result of the Conversion of Belpointe REIT into BREIT, Belpointe REIT was deemed to have been liquidated and its tax year ended on October 1, 2021. Belpointe REIT’s deemed liquidation resulted in a taxable gain for the year ended October 1, 2021. In connection with the Conversion, we filed an extension for the time to file Belpointe REIT’s 2021 tax returns, however, we did not make an estimated payment at that time as we had not yet calculated Belpointe REIT’s 2021 tax liability. As of the date of this Form 10-K, we have paid the outstanding income tax liability, including interest, and intend to seek an administrative waiver from the IRS with respect to the outstanding penalties.

 

Net Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest

 

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest represents the share of earnings generated in entities we consolidate in which we do not own 100% of the equity. For the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, net losses attributable to noncontrolling interest increased by $0.6 million. This increase primarily relates to losses allocated to noncontrolling interest holders on our CMC and 900 8th Avenue South investments based upon an allocation of each investment’s net assets at book value as if the investments were hypothetically liquidated at the end of each reporting period.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our primary needs for liquidity and capital resources are to fund our investments, including construction and development costs, pay our offering and operating fees and expenses, pay any distributions that we make to the holders of our units and pay interest on any outstanding indebtedness that we incur.

 

49
Table Of Contents

 

Our offering and operating fees and expenses include, among other things, legal, audit and valuation fees and expenses, federal and state filing fees, SEC, FINRA and NYSE American filing fees, printing expenses, administrative fees, transfer agent fees, marketing and distribution fees, the management fee that we pay to our Manager, and fees and expenses related to acquiring, financing, appraising, and managing our commercial real estate properties. We do not have office or personnel expenses as we do not have any employees.

 

Where our Manager and its affiliates, including our Sponsor, have funded, and in the future if they continue to fund, our liquidity and capital resource needs by advancing us offering and operating fees and expenses, we reimburse our Manager and its affiliates, including our Sponsor, pursuant to the terms of our Management Agreement and Employee and Cost Sharing Agreement. Fees payable and expenses reimbursable to our Manager and its affiliates, including our Sponsor, may be paid, at the election of the recipient, in cash, by issuance of our Class A Units at the then-current NAV, or through some combination of the foregoing. There were no organization or Primary Offering costs incurred by our Manager and its affiliates during the year ended December 31, 2022. During the year ended December 31, 2021, our Manager and its affiliates, including our Sponsor, incurred organization and Primary Offering expenses of $0.6 million. During the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, our Manager and its affiliates, including our Sponsor, incurred operating expenses of $2.9 million and $1.3 million, respectively, on our behalf.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022, our indirect wholly owned subsidiary entered into a construction management agreement for the development of 1991 Main. For additional details regarding our acquisition of 1991 Main, see “—Our Investments—Investments in Multifamily and Mixed-Use Rental Properties—1991 Main Street - Sarasota Florida.” The construction management agreement contains terms and conditions that are customary for a project of this type and will be subject to guaranteed maximum price. As of December 31, 2022, we had an unfunded capital commitment of $144.3 million under the terms of this agreement. We currently anticipate that the remaining funding for construction and soft costs associated with the development of 1991 Main will be a minimum of $218.9 million (inclusive of the aforementioned unfunded capital commitment).

 

We expect to obtain the liquidity and capital resources that we need over the short and long-term from the proceeds of our Primary Offering and any future offerings that we may conduct, from the advancement of reimbursable fees and expenses by our Manager and its affiliates, including our Sponsor, from secured or unsecured financings from banks and other lenders and from any undistributed funds from operations. For additional details regarding our Primary Offering, see “Part II, Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities—Use of Proceeds from Registered Sales of Securities

 

We currently anticipate that our available capital resources, including the proceeds from our Primary Offering and the proceeds from any construction or other loans that we may incur, when combined with cash flow generated from our operations, will be sufficient to meet our anticipated working capital and capital expenditure requirements over the next 12 months and beyond.

 

50
Table Of Contents

 

Leverage

 

We employ leverage in order to provide more funds available for investment. We believe that careful use of conservatively structured leverage will help us to achieve our diversification goals and potentially enhance the returns on our investments.

 

Our targeted aggregate property-level leverage, excluding any debt at the Company level or on assets under development or redevelopment, after we have acquired a substantial portfolio of stabilized commercial real estate, is between 50-70% of the greater of the cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. During the period when we are acquiring, developing and redeveloping our investments, we may employ greater leverage on individual assets. An example of property-level leverage is a mortgage loan secured by an individual property or portfolio of properties incurred or assumed in connection with our acquisition of such property or portfolio of properties. An example of debt at the Company level is a line of credit obtained by us or our Operating Companies.

 

Our Manager may from time to time modify our leverage policy in its discretion in light of then-current economic conditions, relative costs of debt and equity capital, market values of our assets, general conditions in the market for debt and equity securities, growth and acquisition opportunities or other factors. There is no limit on the amount we may borrow with respect to any individual property or portfolio.

 

51
Table Of Contents

 

Cash Flows

 

The following table provides a breakdown of the net change in our cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash (amounts in thousands):

 

   For the Year Ended 
   2022   2021 
Cash flows used in operating activities  $(6,651)  $(2,268)
Cash flows used in investing activities   (63,530)   (43,365)
Cash flows provided by financing activities   22,802    231,401 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash  $(47,379)  $185,768 

 

As of December 31, 2022 and 2021, cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash totaled approximately $145.0 million and $192.3 million, respectively.

 

Cash flows used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily relates to the payment of management fees and employee cost sharing expenses as well as payments for marketing, legal, tax and accounting fees. These outflows were partially offset by interest received on our Norpointe Loan, Restructured Norpointe Loan and CMC Loan during the period. Cash flows used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2021 primarily relates to operating properties acquired.

 

Cash flows used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2022 relate primarily to funding of loans receivable in addition to funding costs for our development properties and investments in real estate. These outflows were partially offset by inflows from the repayment of the CMC and Restructured Norpointe Loans during the period as well as cash acquired as part of the acquisition of CMC (Note 8). Cash flows used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2021 primarily relates to properties acquired and property deposits paid, costs paid for our development properties and funding of a loan receivable, all of which were offset by CMC’s redemption of BPOZ 497’s preferred equity interest, the cash acquired in connection with the acquisition of the 1991 Main Interest and the Offer. For additional details regarding the Offer, see Item 1. “Business—Our Transactions with Belpointe REIT, Inc.”

 

Cash flows provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily relate to net proceeds received from the Primary Offering partially offset by the repayment of the Acquisition Loan. Cash flows provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2021 primarily relate to net proceeds received from the Primary Offering and Secured Notes funded by Belpointe REIT.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Our audited consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses, and related disclosures. We evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Our estimates are based on historical experience and various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Our actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Our significant accounting policies are described in “Note 3 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.” Many of these accounting policies require judgment and the use of estimates and assumptions when applying these policies in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements. On a quarterly basis, we evaluate these estimates and judgments based on historical experience as well as other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates are subject to change in the future if underlying assumptions or factors change. Certain accounting policies, while significant, may not require the use of estimates. The recent accounting changes that may potentially impact our business are described under “Recent Accounting Pronouncements” in “Note 3 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We currently have no off-balance sheet arrangements that are reasonably likely to have a material current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

 

We are a smaller reporting company, as defined in Item 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K, as as a result are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

52
Table Of Contents

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page No.
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (PCAOB Firm ID: 2468) 54
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2022 and 2021 55
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 56
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Members’ Capital (Deficit) for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 57
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 58
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements 59

 

53
Table Of Contents

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and

Members of Belpointe PREP, LLC

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Belpointe PREP, LLC (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in members’ capital (deficit) and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2022, and the related notes to the consolidated financial statements (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2022, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ Citrin Cooperman & Company, LLP

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2020.

 

New York, New York

March 31, 2023

 

54
Table Of Contents

 

Belpointe PREP, LLC

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except unit and per unit data)

 

   December 31, 2022   December 31, 2021 
Assets          
Real estate          
Land  $38,741   $22,116 
Building and improvements   17,843    16,256 
Intangible assets   9,495    9,672 
Real estate under construction   133,898    76,882 
Total real estate   199,977    124,926 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization   (1,719)   (629)
Real estate, net   198,258    124,297 
Cash and cash equivalents   143,467    192,131 
Loans receivable from third parties       3,462 
Subscriptions receivable       20,295 
Other assets   

12,270

    1,241 
Total assets  $

353,995

   $341,426 
           
Liabilities          
Debt, net  $   $10,790 
Due to affiliates   5,803    1,544 
Lease liabilities   7,126    2,000 
Accounts payable   1,686    1,352 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities   6,728    1,865 
Total liabilities   21,343    17,551 
           
Commitments and contingencies   -    - 
           
Members’ Capital          
Class A units, unlimited units authorized, 3,523,449 and 3,382,149 units issued and outstanding at December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively   329,482    323,683 
Class B units, 100,000 units authorized, 100,000 units issued and outstanding at December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively        
Class M unit, one unit authorized, one unit issued and outstanding at December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively        
Total members’ capital excluding noncontrolling interest   329,482    323,683 
Noncontrolling interest   3,170    192 
Total members’ capital   332,652    323,875 
Total liabilities and members’ capital  $353,995   $341,426 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

55
Table Of Contents

 

Belpointe PREP, LLC

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except unit and per unit data)

 

         
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Revenue          
Rental revenue  $1,391   $997 
Total revenue   1,391    997 
           
Expenses          
Property expenses   3,809    1,140 
General and administrative   5,798    2,924 
Depreciation and amortization expense   1,291    588 
Total expenses   10,898    4,652 
           
Other income (loss)          
Gain on redemption of equity investment       251 
Interest income   1,850    369 
Other income (expense)   (469)   (7)
Total other income (loss)   1,381    613 
Loss before income taxes   (8,126)   (3,042)
Provision for income taxes   (112)    
Net loss   (8,238)   (3,042)
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests   555    (93)
Net loss attributable to Belpointe PREP, LLC  $(7,683)  $(3,135)
           
Loss per Class A unit (basic and diluted)          
Net loss per unit  $(2.25)  $(7.64)
Weighted-average units outstanding   3,416,527    410,194 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

56
Table Of Contents

 

Belpointe PREP, LLC

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Members’ (Deficit) Capital

(in thousands, except unit and per unit data)

 

                                     
   Class A units   Class B units   Class M unit   Total Members’ (Deficit) Capital Excluding   Noncontrolling   Total Members’ (Deficit) 
   Units   Amount   Units   Amount   Units   Amount   Noncontrolling   Interests   Capital 
Balance at December 31, 2020   100   $(102)      $       $   $(102)  $   $(102)
Issuance of units   2,132,039    213,204    100,000        1        213,204        213,204 
Contribution from noncontrolling interest                               200    200 
Exchange of Belpointe REIT, Inc. shares to Belpointe PREP, LLC Class A Units (Note 2)   1,250,010    114,361                    114,361    (101)   114,260 
Offering costs       (645)                   (645)       (645)
Net loss       (3,135)                   (3,135)   93    (3,042)
Balance at December 31, 2021   3,382,149    323,683    100,000        1        323,683    192    323,875 
Issuance of units   141,300    14,130                    14,130        14,130 
Contribution from noncontrolling interest                               433    433 
Acquisition of ownership in CMC Storrs SPV, LLC (Note 6)                               3,100    3,100 
Offering costs       (648)                   (648)       (648)
Net loss       (7,683)                   (7,683)   (555)   (8,238)
Balance at December 31, 2022   3,523,449   $329,482    100,000   $    1   $   $329,482   $3,170   $

332,652

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

57
Table Of Contents

 

Belpointe PREP, LLC

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)

 

   2022   2021 
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Cash flows from operating activities          
Net loss  $(8,238)  $(3,042)
Adjustments to net loss          
Depreciation and amortization   1,291    588 
Amortization of rent-related intangibles and deferred rental revenue   (231)   (109)
Gain on redemption of equity investment       (251)
Increase in due to affiliates   39    860 
Decrease (increase) in other assets   676    (452)
Decrease in accounts payable   (186)   (86)
Increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities   

(2

)   224 
Net cash used in operating activities   (6,651)   (2,268)
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Development of real estate   (39,596)   (7,919)
Repayment of loans receivable