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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 20-F

(Mark One)

REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR 12(g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from            to

OR

SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Date of event requiring this shell company report

Commission File Number: 001-39407

Li Auto Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

N/A

(Translation of Registrant’s Name into English)

Cayman Islands

(Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)

11 Wenliang Street

Shunyi District, Beijing 101399

People’s Republic of China

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

Tie Li, Chief Financial Officer

Telephone: +86 (10) 8742-7209

Email: ir@lixiang.com

11 Wenliang Street

Shunyi District, Beijing 101399

People’s Republic of China

(Name, Telephone, Email and/or Facsimile Number and Address of Company Contact Person)

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

    

Trading Symbol

    

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

American depositary shares, each representing two Class A ordinary shares, par value US$0.0001 per share

Class A ordinary shares, par value US$0.0001 per share

LI

2015

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(The Nasdaq Global Select Market)
The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

(Title of Class)

Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:

None

(Title of Class)

Table of Contents

Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report:

1,682,307,746 Class A ordinary shares (excluding the 27,595,584) Class A ordinary shares issued to the depositary bank for bulk issuance of ADSs reserved for future issuances upon the exercise or vesting of awards granted under our share incentive plans), par value US$0.0001 per share, and 355,812,080 Class B ordinary shares, par value US$0.0001 per share, as of December 31, 2021.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

    Yes        No

If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

    Yes        No

Note — Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

    Yes        No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

    Yes        No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer

Non-Accelerated Filer

Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:

U.S. GAAP

International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board

Other

If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.

    Item 17        Item 18

If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

    Yes        No

(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13, or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.

    Yes        No

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

ii

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

iv

PART I.

1

ITEM 1.

IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

1

ITEM 2.

OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

1

ITEM 3.

KEY INFORMATION

1

ITEM 4.

INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY

65

ITEM 4A.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

102

ITEM 5.

OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS

102

ITEM 6.

DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES

122

ITEM 7.

MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

134

ITEM 8.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

137

ITEM 9.

THE OFFER AND LISTING

138

ITEM 10.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

138

ITEM 11.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

149

ITEM 12.

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES OTHER THAN EQUITY SECURITIES

150

PART II.

154

ITEM 13.

DEFAULTS, DIVIDEND ARREARAGES AND DELINQUENCIES

154

ITEM 14.

MATERIAL MODIFICATIONS TO THE RIGHTS OF SECURITY HOLDERS AND USE OF PROCEEDS

154

ITEM 15.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

155

ITEM 16.

[RESERVED]

157

ITEM 16A.

AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT

157

ITEM 16B.

CODE OF ETHICS

157

ITEM 16C.

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

157

ITEM 16D.

EXEMPTIONS FROM THE LISTING STANDARDS FOR AUDIT COMMITTEES

157

ITEM 16E.

PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS

157

ITEM 16F.

CHANGE IN REGISTRANT’S CERTIFYING ACCOUNTANT

158

ITEM 16G.

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

158

ITEM 16H.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE

158

ITEM 16I.

DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS

158

PART III.

158

ITEM 17.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

158

ITEM 18.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

158

ITEM 19.

EXHIBITS

159

i

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

In this annual report, unless otherwise indicated or unless the context otherwise requires:

“ADAS” refers to advanced driver-assistance systems;
“ADRs” refers to the American depositary receipts that evidence our ADSs;
“ADSs” refers to our American depositary shares, each of which represents two Class A ordinary shares;
“BOM” refers to bill of materials;
“China” or “PRC” refers to the People’s Republic of China, excluding, for the purpose of this annual report only, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan;
“Class A ordinary shares” refers to our Class A ordinary shares with a par value of US$0.0001 per share;
“Class B ordinary shares” refers to our Class B ordinary shares with a par value of US$0.0001 per share;
“FOTA” refers to firmware over-the-air, a technology that updates vehicle firmware and software remotely through cloud network;
“Hong Kong” or “HK” refers to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China;
“Hong Kong dollars” or “HK$” refers to the legal currency of Hong Kong;
“Hong Kong Listing Rules” refers to the Rules Governing the Listing of Securities on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited, as amended or supplemented from time to time;
“Hong Kong Stock Exchange” refers to The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited;
“HPC” refers to high-power charging;
“ICE” refers to internal combustion engine;
“Li Auto,” “we,” “us,” “our company,” or “our” refers to Li Auto Inc., our Cayman Islands holding company, and its subsidiaries and, when describing our operations and consolidated financial information, also including our VIEs and their respective subsidiaries;
“Main Board” refers to the stock market (excluding the option market) operated by the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, which is independent from and operated in parallel with the Growth Enterprise Market of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange;
“Meituan” refers to Meituan, formerly known as Meituan Dianping, a company incorporated in the Cayman Islands and listed on the Main Board of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong;
“MPVs” refers to multi-purpose vehicles;
“NEDC” refers to New European Driving Cycle;
“NEVs” refers to new energy passenger vehicles, primarily including (i) “BEVs,” which refers to battery electric passenger vehicles, (ii) “EREVs,” which refers to extended-range electric passenger vehicles, and (iii) “PHEVs,” which refers to plug-in hybrid electric passenger vehicles;

ii

Table of Contents

“NOA” refers to navigation on ADAS;
“ordinary shares” or “shares” refers to our Class A ordinary shares and Class B ordinary shares, par value US$0.0001 per share;
“Renminbi” or “RMB” refers to the legal currency of China;
“SUVs” refers to sport utility vehicles;
“US$” or “U.S. dollars” refers to the legal currency of the United States; and
“VIEs” refers to variable interest entities, and “our VIEs” refers to Beijing CHJ Information Technology Co., Ltd., or Beijing CHJ, and Beijing Xindian Transport Information Technology Co., Ltd., or Xindian Information.

Any discrepancies in any table between the amounts identified as total amounts and the sum of the amounts listed therein are due to rounding.

Our reporting currency is Renminbi. This annual report on Form 20-F contains translations from Renminbi to U.S. dollars solely for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise stated, all translations from Renminbi to U.S. dollars were made at a rate of RMB6.3726 to US$1.00, the exchange rate in effect as of December 30, 2021 as set forth in the H.10 statistical release of The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. We make no representation that any Renminbi amounts could have been, or could be, converted into U.S. dollars, as the case may be, at any particular rate, or at all.

iii

Table of Contents

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

This annual report contains forward-looking statements that reflect our current expectations and views of future events. The forward-looking statements are contained principally in “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors,” “Item 4. Information on the Company—B. Business Overview,” and “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects.” These forward-looking statements are made under the “safe-harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including those listed under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors,” may cause our actual results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

You can identify some of these forward-looking statements by words or phrases such as “may,” “might,” “will,” “would,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “is/are likely to,” “potential,” “continue,” or other similar expressions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy, and financial needs. These forward-looking statements include statements relating to:

our goals and strategies;
our future business development, financial conditions, and results of operations;
the expected outlook of the automotive market including the NEV market in China;
our expectations regarding demand for and market acceptance of our products;
our expectations regarding our relationships with users, suppliers, third-party service providers, strategic partners, and other stakeholders;
competition in our industry
relevant government policies and regulations relating to our industry; and
general economic and business conditions globally and in China.

These forward-looking statements involve various risks and uncertainties. Although we believe that our expectations expressed in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, our expectations may later be found to be incorrect. Our actual results could be materially different from our expectations. Important risks and factors that could cause our actual results to be materially different from our expectations are generally set forth in “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors,” “Item 4. Information on the Company—B. Business Overview,” “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects,” and other sections in this annual report. You should read thoroughly this annual report and the documents that we refer to with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from and worse than what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

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PART I.

ITEM 1.

IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

Not applicable.

ITEM 2.

OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

Not applicable.

ITEM 3.

KEY INFORMATION

Our Holding Company Structure and Contractual Arrangements with Our VIEs and Their Shareholders

Li Auto Inc. is not a Chinese operating company but a Cayman Islands holding company with no equity ownership in its VIEs and their subsidiaries. We conduct our operations in China through (i) our PRC subsidiaries and (ii) our VIEs, with which we have maintained contractual arrangements, and their subsidiaries. PRC laws and regulations restrict and impose conditions on foreign investment in value-added telecommunication services and certain other businesses. Accordingly, we operate these businesses in China through our VIEs and their subsidiaries, and rely on contractual arrangements among our PRC subsidiaries, our VIEs, and their nominee shareholders to control the business operations of our VIEs. Revenues contributed by our VIEs accounted for 100.0%, 84.6%, and 23.3% of our total revenues in 2019, 2020, and 2021, respectively. As used in this annual report, “we,” “us,” “our company,” “our,” or “Li Auto” refers to Li Auto Inc., its subsidiaries, and, in the context of describing our operations and consolidated financial information, our VIEs in China, including but not limited to Beijing CHJ Information Technology Co., Ltd., or Beijing CHJ, and Beijing Xindian Transport Information Technology Co., Ltd., or Xindian Information. Investors in our ADSs are not purchasing equity interest in our VIEs in China but instead are purchasing equity interest in a holding company incorporated in the Cayman Islands.

A series of contractual agreements, including powers of attorney, business operation agreement, equity pledge agreements, exclusive consultation and service agreements, and equity option agreements, have been entered into by and among our PRC subsidiaries, our VIEs, and their respective shareholders. Terms contained in each set of contractual arrangements with our VIEs and their respective shareholders are substantially similar. For more details of these contractual arrangements, see “Item 4. Information on the Company—C. Organizational Structure— Contractual Arrangements with Our VIEs and Their Shareholders.”

However, the contractual arrangements may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing us with control over our VIEs and their subsidiaries, and we may incur substantial costs to enforce the terms of the arrangements. See “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure—We rely on contractual arrangements with our VIEs and their respective shareholders to exercise control over our business, which may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing operational control.” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure—The registered shareholders of our VIEs may have potential conflicts of interest with us, which may materially and adversely affect our business and financial condition.”

There are also substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation and application of current and future PRC laws, regulations, and rules regarding the status of the rights of our Cayman Islands holding company with respect to its contractual arrangements with our VIEs and their nominee shareholders. It is uncertain whether any new PRC laws or regulations relating to variable interest entity structures will be adopted or, if adopted, what they would provide. If we or any of our VIEs is found to be in violation of any existing or future PRC laws or regulations, or fail to obtain or maintain any of the required licenses, permits, or approvals, the relevant PRC regulatory authorities would have broad discretion to take action in dealing with such violations or failures. See “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure—If the PRC government deems that our contractual arrangements with our VIEs do not comply with PRC regulatory restrictions on foreign investment in the relevant industries, or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations change in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations,” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China—Substantial uncertainties exist with respect to the interpretation and implementation of the 2019 PRC Foreign Investment Law and its Implementation Rules and how they may impact the viability of our current corporate structure, corporate governance, and operations.”

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Table of Contents

Our corporate structure is subject to risks associated with our contractual arrangements with our VIEs. If the PRC government deems that our contractual arrangements with our VIEs do not comply with PRC regulatory restrictions on foreign investment in the relevant industries, or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations change or are interpreted differently in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations. Our holding company, our PRC subsidiaries and VIEs and their subsidiaries, and investors of our company face uncertainty about potential future actions by the PRC government that could affect the enforceability of the contractual arrangements with our VIEs and, consequently, significantly affect the financial performance of our VIEs and our company as a whole. For a detailed description of the risks associated with our corporate structure, please refer to risks disclosed under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure.”

We face various risks and uncertainties relating to doing business in China. Our business operations are primarily conducted in China, and we are subject to complex and evolving PRC laws and regulations. For example, we face risks associated with regulatory approvals on offshore offerings, anti-monopoly regulatory actions, and oversight on cybersecurity and data privacy, as well as the lack of inspection on our auditors by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, or the PCAOB, which may impact our ability to conduct certain businesses, accept foreign investments, or list and conduct offerings on a United States or other foreign exchange. These risks could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs, significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to continue to offer securities to investors, or cause the value of such securities to significantly decline. For a detailed description of risks relating to doing business in China, “Item 3.D. Key Information—Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China.”

The PRC government’s significant authority in regulating our operations and its oversight and control over offerings conducted overseas by, and foreign investment in, China-based issuers could significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors. Implementation of industry-wide regulations in this nature may cause the value of such securities to significantly decline. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China—The PRC government’s significant oversight and discretion over our business operation could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs.”

Risks and uncertainties arising from the legal system in China, including risks and uncertainties regarding the enforcement of laws and quickly evolving rules and regulations in China, could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China—Uncertainties with respect to the PRC legal system could adversely affect us.”

The Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act

The Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, or the HFCAA, was enacted on December 18, 2020. The HFCAA states that if the SEC determines that we have filed audit reports issued by a registered public accounting firm that has not been subject to inspection by the PCAOB for three consecutive years beginning in 2021, the SEC shall prohibit our shares or ADSs from being traded on a national securities exchange. Since our auditor is located in China, a jurisdiction where the PCAOB has been unable to conduct inspections without the approval of the Chinese authorities, our auditor is not currently inspected by the PCAOB, which may impact our ability to remain listed on a United States or other foreign exchange. The related risks and uncertainties could cause the value of our ADSs to significantly decline. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Business and Industry—The PCAOB is currently unable to inspect our auditor in relation to their audit work performed for our financial statements and the inability of the PCAOB to conduct inspections over our auditor deprives our investors with the benefits of such inspections” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Business and Industry—Our ADSs will be prohibited from trading in the United States under the HFCAA in 2024 if the PCAOB is unable to inspect or fully investigate auditors located in China, or in 2023 if proposed changes to the law are enacted. The delisting of our ADSs, or the threat of their being delisted, may materially and adversely affect the value of your investment.”

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Permissions Required from the PRC Authorities for Our Operations

We conduct our business primarily through our subsidiaries and VIEs in China. Our operations in China are governed by PRC laws and regulations. As of the date of this annual report, our PRC subsidiaries and VIEs and their subsidiaries have obtained the requisite licenses and permits from the PRC government authorities that are material for the business operations of our holding company and our VIEs in China, including, among others, a Survey and Mapping Qualification Certificate, a Value-added Telecommunication Business Operating License for Internet Information Service, or ICP License, a Value-Added Telecommunication Business Operating License for Information Service (excluding internet information service), an Internet Culture Business Permit, and an Operating License for the Production and Dissemination of Radio and Television Programs. Given the uncertainties of interpretation and implementation of relevant laws and regulations and the enforcement practice by relevant government authorities, we may be required to obtain additional licenses, permits, filings, or approvals for our business operations in the future. For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Business and Industry—We may be adversely affected by the complexity, uncertainties, and changes in PRC regulations on automotive and internet-related businesses and companies.”

Furthermore, in connection with our issuance of securities to foreign investors in the past, under current PRC laws, regulations, and rules, as of the date of this annual report, we, our PRC subsidiaries, and our VIEs (i) are not required to obtain permissions from or complete filings with the China Securities Regulatory Commission, or the CSRC, (ii) are not required to go through cybersecurity review by the Cyberspace Administration of China, or the CAC, and (iii) have not received or were not denied such requisite permissions by any PRC authority.

However, the PRC government has recently indicated an intent to exert more oversight and control over offerings that are conducted overseas by and/or foreign investment in China-based issuers. For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China— The PRC government’s oversight and discretion over our business operations could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our Class A ordinary shares or ADSs.”

Cash and Asset Flows Through Our Organization

Li Auto Inc. is a holding company with no operations of its own. We conduct our operations in China primarily through our subsidiaries and VIEs and their subsidiaries in China. As a result, although other means are available for us to obtain financing at the holding company level, Li Auto Inc.’s ability to pay dividends to the shareholders and to service any debt it may incur may depend upon dividends paid by our PRC subsidiaries and license and service fees paid by our VIEs and their subsidiaries. If any of our subsidiaries incurs debt on its own behalf in the future, the instruments governing such debt may restrict its ability to pay dividends to Li Auto Inc. In addition, our PRC subsidiaries are permitted to pay dividends to Li Auto Inc. only out of their retained earnings, if any, as determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. Furthermore, our PRC subsidiaries and VIEs and their subsidiaries are required to make appropriations to certain statutory reserve funds or may make appropriations to certain discretionary funds, which are not distributable as cash dividends except in the event of a solvent liquidation of the companies. For more details, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—Liquidity and Capital Resources—Holding Company Structure.”

Uncertainties regarding the interpretation and implementation of the contractual arrangements with the VIEs could limit our ability to enforce such agreements. If the PRC government deems that our contractual arrangements constituting part of the VIE structure do not comply with PRC laws and regulations, or if current laws and regulations change or are interpreted differently in the future, our ability to settle amount owed by the VIEs under the VIE agreements may be seriously hindered.

Under PRC laws and regulations, our PRC subsidiaries and VIEs and their subsidiaries are subject to certain restrictions with respect to payment of dividends or otherwise transfers of any of their net assets to us. Remittance of dividends by a wholly foreign-owned enterprise out of China is also subject to examination by the banks designated by the PRC State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE. These restrictions are benchmarked against the paid-up capital and the statutory reserve funds of our PRC subsidiaries and the net assets of our VIEs in which we have no legal ownership. As of December 31, 2019, 2020, and 2021, the total amount of such restriction to which our PRC subsidiaries and VIEs and their subsidiaries are subject was RMB8,288 million, RMB7,644 million, and RMB11,417 million (US$1,792 million), respectively. For risks relating to the fund flows of our operations in China, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China—We may rely on dividends and other distributions on equity paid by our PRC subsidiaries to fund any cash and financing requirements that we may have, and any limitation on the ability of our PRC subsidiaries to make payments to us could have a material and adverse effect on our ability to conduct our business.”

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Table of Contents

Under PRC laws, Li Auto Inc. may fund our PRC subsidiaries only through capital contributions or loans and fund our VIEs or their subsidiaries only through loans, subject to satisfaction of applicable government registration and approval requirements. As of December 31, 2019, 2020, and 2021, the outstanding balance of the principal amount of loans by Li Auto Inc. to our intermediate holding companies, subsidiaries and VIEs was RMB4,917 million, RMB14,065 million, and RMB23,763 million (US3,729 million), respectively.

Current PRC regulations permit our PRC subsidiaries, including Beijing Co Wheels Technology Co., Ltd., or Wheels Technology, to pay dividends to us only out of their accumulated profits, if any, determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. In addition, each of our PRC subsidiaries, the VIEs and their PRC subsidiaries are required to set aside at least 10% of their respective accumulated profits each year, if any, to fund certain reserve funds until the total amount set aside reaches 50% of their respective registered capital. Our PRC subsidiaries and VIEs and their subsidiaries may also allocate a portion of their after-tax profits based on PRC accounting standards to employee welfare and bonus funds at their discretion. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends. Furthermore, if Wheels Technology incurs debt on its own behalf in the future, the instruments governing the debt may restrict its ability to pay dividends or make other payments to us. In addition, the PRC tax authorities may require us to adjust our taxable income under the contractual arrangements we currently have in place in a manner that would materially and adversely affect Wheels Technology’s ability to pay dividends and other distributions to us. Any limitation on the ability of our PRC subsidiaries, including Wheels Technology, to distribute dividends to us or on the ability of the VIEs to make payments to Wheels Technology may restrict our ability to satisfy our liquidity requirements.

Taxation on Dividends or Distributions

Li Auto Inc.’s source of dividend partly comes from dividends paid by its PRC subsidiaries, including Wheels Technology, which in part depends on payments received from the VIEs under the contractual arrangements with the VIEs. We have never declared or paid any dividend on our ordinary shares and we do not currently intend to pay dividends to shareholders or holders of ADSs. We currently intend to retain most, if not all, of our available funds and any future earnings to fund the development and growth of our business. The undistributed earnings that are subject to dividend tax are expected to be indefinitely reinvested for the foreseeable future. See “Item 8. Financial Information—A. Consolidated Statements and Other Financial Information—Dividend Policy.” For PRC and United States federal income tax considerations of an investment in our ADSs, see “Item 10. Additional Information—E. Taxation.”

Under the current laws of the Cayman Islands, Li Auto Inc. is not subject to tax on income or capital gains. Upon payments of dividends to our shareholders, no Cayman Islands withholding tax will be imposed. For purposes of illustration, the following discussion reflects the hypothetical taxes that might be required to be paid within mainland China, assuming that: (i) we have taxable earnings, and (ii) we determine to pay a dividend in the future:

    

Tax calculation (1)

 

Hypothetical pre-tax earnings(2)

 

100

%

Tax on earnings at statutory rate of 25%(3)

  

(25)

%

Net earnings available for distribution

 

75

%

Withholding tax at standard rate of 10%(4)

  

(7.5)

%

Net distribution to Parent/Shareholders

 

67.5

%

Notes:

(1)For purposes of this example, the tax calculation has been simplified. The hypothetical book pre-tax earnings amount, not considering timing differences, is assumed to equal taxable income in China.
(2)Under the terms of the VIE agreements, our PRC subsidiaries may charge our VIEs for services provided to VIEs. These service fees shall be recognized as expenses of our VIEs, with a corresponding amount as service income by our PRC subsidiaries and eliminate in consolidation. For income tax purposes, our PRC subsidiaries and VIEs file income tax returns on a separate company basis. The service fees paid are recognized as a tax deduction by our VIEs and as income by our PRC subsidiaries and are tax neutral.
(3)Certain of our subsidiaries and VIEs qualify for a 15% preferential income tax rate in China. However, such rate is subject to qualification, is temporary in nature, and may not be available in a future period when distributions are paid. For purposes of this hypothetical example, the table above reflects a maximum tax scenario under which the full statutory rate would be effective.

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(4)The PRC Enterprise Income Tax Law imposes a withholding income tax of 10% on dividends distributed by a foreign invested enterprise, or FIE, to its immediate holding company outside of China. A lower withholding income tax rate of 5% is applied if the FIE’s immediate holding company is registered in Hong Kong or other jurisdictions that have a tax treaty arrangement with China, subject to a qualification review at the time of the distribution. For purposes of this hypothetical example, the table above assumes a maximum tax scenario under which the full withholding tax would be applied.

The table above has been prepared under the assumption that all profits of our VIEs will be distributed as fees to our PRC subsidiaries under tax neutral contractual arrangements. If, in the future, the accumulated earnings of our VIEs exceed the service fees paid to our PRC subsidiaries (or if the current and contemplated fee structure between the intercompany entities is determined to be non-substantive and disallowed by Chinese tax authorities), our VIEs could make a non-deductible transfer to our PRC subsidiaries for the amounts of the stranded cash in our VIEs. This would result in such transfer being non-deductible expenses for our VIEs but still taxable income for the PRC subsidiaries. Such a transfer and the related tax burdens would reduce our after-tax income to approximately 50.6% of the pre-tax income. Our management believes that there is only a remote possibility that this scenario would happen.

As of December 31, 2021, our VIEs and its subsidiaries were in the accumulated deficit position, therefore, our VIEs and its subsidiaries did not pay any service fees to Wheels Technology.

Financial Information Relating to Our VIEs

The following tables present the condensed consolidating schedules for our consolidated variable interest entities and other entities for the years and as of the dates indicated.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Loss Information

For the Year Ended December 31, 2021

    

    

    

Primary

    

VIEs and

    

    

Li Auto

Other

Beneficiary

VIEs’

Eliminating

Consolidated

Inc.

Subsidiaries

of VIEs

subsidiaries

adjustments

totals

(RMB in thousands)

Third-party revenues

 

 

20,715,104

 

 

6,294,675

 

 

27,009,779

Inter-company revenues(1)

 

 

5,891,611

 

2,471,182

 

22,287,788

 

(30,650,581)

 

Third-party cost

 

 

(992,755)

 

(83,709)

 

(20,171,861)

 

 

(21,248,325)

Inter-company cost

 

 

(20,557,830)

 

 

(5,891,611)

 

26,449,441

 

Third-party expenses

 

(28,140)

 

(2,553,106)

 

(1,796,341)

 

(2,401,187)

 

 

(6,778,774)

Inter-company expenses

 

 

(3,860,317)

 

(2,877)

 

(65,750)

 

3,928,944

 

Share of (loss)/income from subsidiaries and VIEs(2)

 

(563,106)

 

2,811,080

 

2,273,551

 

(13)

 

(4,521,512)

 

Other (expense)/income

 

269,791

 

(2,016,893)

 

504

 

2,610,121

 

985

 

864,508

(Loss)/income before income tax expenses

 

(321,455)

 

(563,106)

 

2,862,310

 

2,662,162

 

(4,792,723)

 

(152,812)

Less: income tax expenses

 

 

 

(51,230)

 

(117,413)

 

 

(168,643)

Net (loss)/income

 

(321,455)

 

(563,106)

 

2,811,080

 

2,544,749

 

(4,792,723)

 

(321,455)

Net loss attributable to shareholders of Li Auto Inc.

 

(321,455)

 

(563,106)

 

2,811,080

 

2,544,749

 

(4,792,723)

 

(321,455)

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Table of Contents

    

For the Year Ended December 31, 2020

    

    

Primary

    

VIEs and

    

    

Li Auto

Other

Beneficiary

VIEs’

Eliminating

Consolidated

Inc.

Subsidiaries

of VIEs

subsidiaries

adjustments

totals

(RMB in thousands)

Third-party revenues

 

 

1,455,542

 

 

8,001,067

 

 

9,456,609

Inter-company revenues(1)

 

 

7,877,944

 

746,071

 

8,553,798

 

(17,177,813)

 

Third-party cost

 

 

(92,933)

 

(23,751)

 

(7,790,586)

 

 

(7,907,270)

Inter-company cost

 

 

(7,682,609)

 

 

(7,877,944)

 

15,560,553

 

Third-party expenses

 

(9,424)

 

(374,899)

 

(475,846)

 

(1,358,507)

 

 

(2,218,676)

Inter-company expenses

 

 

(1,575,267)

 

 

(25,858)

 

1,601,125

 

Share of loss from subsidiaries and VIEs(2)

 

(520,093)

 

(188,821)

 

(489,716)

 

(1,179)

 

1,199,809

 

Other income

 

377,860

 

59,771

 

340

 

40,309

 

2,180

 

480,460

Loss before income tax expenses

 

(151,657)

 

(521,272)

 

(242,902)

 

(458,900)

 

1,185,854

 

(188,877)

Less: income tax benefit (expenses)

 

 

 

59,156

 

(36,309)

 

 

22,847

Net loss from continuing operations

 

(151,657)

 

(521,272)

 

(183,746)

 

(495,209)

 

1,185,854

 

(166,030)

Net income from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 

 

14,373

 

 

14,373

Net loss

 

(151,657)

 

(521,272)

 

(183,746)

 

(480,836)

 

1,185,854

 

(151,657)

Less: Net income/(loss) attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 

1,179

 

 

5,075

 

(6,254)

 

Net loss attributable to shareholders of Li Auto Inc.

 

(151,657)

 

(520,093)

 

(183,746)

 

(475,761)

 

1,179,600

 

(151,657)

    

For the Year Ended December 31, 2019

    

    

    

Primary

    

VIEs and

    

    

Li Auto

Other

Beneficiary

VIEs’

Eliminating

Consolidated

Inc.

Subsidiaries

of VIEs

subsidiaries

adjustments

totals

(RMB in thousands)

Third-party revenues

 

 

 

284,367

 

 

284,367

Inter-company revenues(1)

 

352,672

 

44,840

 

974,313

 

(1,371,825)

 

Third-party cost

 

 

 

(284,462)

 

 

(284,462)

Inter-company cost

 

(330,881)

 

(632)

 

(352,672)

 

684,185

 

Third-party expenses

(5,114)

 

(88,972)

 

(88,790)

 

(1,675,643)

 

 

(1,858,519)

Inter-company expenses

 

(127,200)

 

 

 

127,200

 

Share of loss from subsidiaries and VIEs(2)

(2,031,371)

 

(1,859,589)

 

(1,820,338)

 

(5,783)

 

5,717,081

 

Other (expense)/income

(402,051)

 

16,816

 

(640)

 

(174,403)

 

1,018

 

(559,260)

Loss before income tax expenses

(2,438,536)

 

(2,037,154)

 

(1,865,560)

 

(1,234,283)

 

5,157,659

 

(2,417,874)

Less: income tax expenses

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss from continuing operations

(2,438,536)

 

(2,037,154)

 

(1,865,560)

 

(1,234,283)

 

5,157,659

 

(2,417,874)

Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 

(20,662)

 

 

(20,662)

Net loss

(2,438,536)

 

(2,037,154)

 

(1,865,560)

 

(1,254,945)

 

5,157,659

 

(2,438,536)

Less: Net income/ (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests

 

5,783

 

 

(5,971)

 

188

 

Net loss attributable to shareholders of Li Auto Inc.

(2,438,536)

 

(2,031,371)

 

(1,865,560)

 

(1,260,916)

 

5,157,847

 

(2,438,536)

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Table of Contents

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet Information

For the Year Ended December 31, 2021

    

    

    

Primary

    

VIEs and

    

    

Li Auto

Other

Beneficiary

VIEs’

Eliminating

Consolidated

Inc.

Subsidiaries

of VIEs

subsidiaries

adjustments

totals

(RMB in thousands)

Cash and cash equivalents

 

14,762,875

 

7,778,303

 

1,246

 

5,311,800

 

 

27,854,224

Restricted cash

 

 

222,899

 

 

2,415,941

 

 

2,638,840

Time deposits and short-term investments

 

7,020,662

 

4,321,036

 

 

8,326,541

 

 

19,668,239

Trade receivable

 

 

17,137

 

348

 

103,056

 

 

120,541

Amounts due from the Group companies(4)

 

23,763,053

 

32,475,611

 

2,160,737

 

23,402,104

 

(81,801,505)

 

Inventories(3)

 

 

225,739

 

 

1,396,992

 

(4,841)

 

1,617,890

Prepayments and other current assets

 

10,211

 

202,098

 

47,969

 

220,402

 

 

480,680

Investments in subsidiaries(2)

 

890,788

 

4,082,357

 

 

 

(4,973,145)

 

Investments in VIEs and VIEs’ subsidiaries(2)

 

 

 

2,743,171

 

 

(2,743,171)

 

Long-term investments

 

28,452

 

30,000

 

 

97,854

 

 

156,306

Property, plant and equipment, net(3)

 

 

2,059,011

 

73,871

 

2,329,507

 

35,880

 

4,498,269

Operating lease right-of-use assets, net

 

 

1,274,429

 

55,189

 

731,874

 

 

2,061,492

Intangible assets, net(3)

 

 

67,467

 

897,107

 

703,274

 

(916,388)

 

751,460

Deferred tax assets, non-current

 

 

11,969

 

7,927

 

 

 

19,896

Other non-current assets

 

 

854,214

 

19,188

 

1,107,674

 

 

1,981,076

Total assets

 

46,476,041

 

53,622,270

 

6,006,753

 

46,147,019

 

(90,403,170)

 

61,848,913

Short-term borrowings

 

 

5,495

 

 

31,547

 

 

37,042

Trade and notes payable

 

 

782,323

 

46,546

 

8,547,181

 

 

9,376,050

Amounts due to the Group companies(4)

 

 

48,287,134

 

1,547,360

 

31,999,140

 

(81,833,634)

 

Amounts due to related parties

 

 

30,000

 

6,178

 

1,277

 

 

37,455

Deferred revenue, current

 

 

305,092

 

 

 

 

305,092

Operating lease liabilities, current

 

 

365,967

 

26,672

 

80,606

 

 

473,245

Accruals and other current liabilities

 

13,798

 

1,074,630

 

275,904

 

515,036

 

 

1,879,368

Deferred revenue, non-current

 

 

380,949

 

 

8,704

 

 

389,653

Long-term borrowings

 

5,397,941

 

83,505

 

 

479,453

 

 

5,960,899

Operating lease liabilities, non-current

 

 

629,939

 

20,258

 

719,628

 

 

1,369,825

Other non-current liabilities

 

 

786,448

 

1,478

 

14,333

 

 

802,259

Deferred tax liabilities, non-current

 

 

 

 

153,723

 

 

153,723

Total liabilities

 

5,411,739

 

52,731,482

 

1,924,396

 

42,550,628

 

(81,833,634)

 

20,784,611

Total shareholders’ equity

 

41,064,302

 

890,788

 

4,082,357

 

3,596,391

 

(8,569,536)

 

41,064,302

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

46,476,041

 

53,622,270

 

6,006,753

 

46,147,019

 

(90,403,170)

 

61,848,913

7

Table of Contents

For the Year Ended December 31, 2020

    

    

    

Primary

    

VIEs and

    

    

Li Auto

Other

Beneficiary

VIEs’

Eliminating

Consolidated

Inc.

Subsidiaries

of VIEs

subsidiaries

adjustments

totals

(RMB in thousands)

Cash and cash equivalents

 

1,149,374

 

6,226,498

 

16,276

 

1,546,193

 

 

8,938,341

Restricted cash

 

 

 

 

1,234,178

 

 

1,234,178

Time deposits and short-term investments

 

14,486,070

 

2,633,622

 

 

2,581,690

 

 

19,701,382

Trade receivable

 

 

12,278

 

 

103,271

 

 

115,549

Amounts due from the Group companies(4)

 

14,065,341

 

12,668,785

 

415,205

 

7,704,630

 

(34,853,961)

 

Inventories(3)

 

 

788,251

 

 

271,379

 

(11,626)

 

1,048,004

Prepayments and other current assets

 

 

59,725

 

39,869

 

254,061

 

 

353,655

Investments in subsidiaries(2)

 

42,754

 

322,073

 

 

609,748

 

(974,575)

 

Investments in VIEs and VIEs’ subsidiaries(2)

 

 

 

(94,494)

 

 

94,494

 

Long-term investments

 

64,916

 

 

 

97,937

 

 

162,853

Property, plant and equipment, net(3)

 

 

86,992

 

44,594

 

2,335,824

 

11,277

 

2,478,687

Operating lease right-of-use assets, net

 

 

88,914

 

5,958

 

1,182,134

 

 

1,277,006

Intangible assets, net(3)

 

 

 

583,220

 

682,083

 

(582,022)

 

683,281

Deferred tax assets, non-current

 

 

 

59,156

 

 

 

59,156

Other non-current assets

 

 

69,913

 

32,740

 

218,531

 

 

321,184

Total assets

 

29,808,455

 

22,957,051

 

1,102,524

 

18,821,659

 

(36,316,413)

 

36,373,276

Trade and notes payable

 

 

42,624

 

10,245

 

3,107,646

 

 

3,160,515

Amounts due to the Group companies(4)

 

 

21,958,215

 

692,390

 

12,203,705

 

(34,854,310)

 

Amounts due to related parties

 

 

 

 

19,206

 

 

19,206

Deferred revenue, current

 

 

40,790

 

 

230,720

 

 

271,510

Operating lease liabilities, current

 

 

37,741

 

2,757

 

170,033

 

 

210,531

Accruals and other current liabilities

 

4,858

 

115,388

 

73,482

 

453,731

 

 

647,459

Deferred revenue, non-current

 

 

32,760

 

 

102,898

 

 

135,658

Long-term borrowings

 

 

 

 

511,638

 

 

511,638

Operating lease liabilities, non-current

 

 

50,221

 

1,577

 

973,455

 

 

1,025,253

Finance lease liabilities, non-current

 

 

 

 

366,883

 

 

366,883

Other non-current liabilities

 

 

26,810

 

 

157,907

 

 

184,717

Deferred tax liabilities, non-current

 

 

 

 

36,309

 

 

36,309

Total liabilities

 

4,858

 

22,304,549

 

780,451

 

18,334,131

 

(34,854,310)

 

6,569,679

Non-controlling interests

 

 

609,748

 

 

 

(609,748)

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

29,803,597

 

42,754

 

322,073

 

487,528

 

(852,355)

 

29,803,597

Total liabilities, non-controlling interests and shareholders’ equity

 

29,808,455

 

22,957,051

 

1,102,524

 

18,821,659

 

(36,316,413)

 

36,373,276

Condensed Consolidated Cash Flow Information

    

For the Year Ended December 31, 2021

    

    

Primary

    

VIEs and

    

    

Li Auto

Other

Beneficiary

VIEs’

Eliminating

Consolidated

Inc.

Subsidiaries

of VIEs

subsidiaries

adjustments

totals

(RMB in thousands)

Net cash provided by/(used in) inter-company transactions(5)

 

 

(8,365,873)

 

1,024,591

 

7,341,282

 

 

Net cash provided by/(used in) other transactions

 

367,063

 

18,198,999

 

(1,532,536)

 

(8,693,141)

 

 

8,340,385

Net cash provided by/ (used in) operating activities

 

367,063

 

9,833,126

 

(507,945)

 

(1,351,859)

 

 

8,340,385

Inter-company loan financing to Group companies(6)

 

(10,157,678)

 

(15,423,324)

 

 

 

25,581,002

 

Other investing activities with external entities

 

7,252,559

 

(2,797,315)

 

(71,443)

 

(8,641,045)

 

 

(4,257,244)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(2,905,119)

 

(18,220,639)

 

(71,443)

 

(8,641,045)

 

25,581,002

 

(4,257,244)

Inter-company loan financing from Group companies(6)

 

 

10,157,678

 

564,358

 

14,858,966

 

(25,581,002)

 

Other financing activities with external entities

 

16,539,225

 

89,000

 

 

81,308

 

 

16,709,533

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

16,539,225

 

10,246,678

 

564,358

 

14,940,274

 

(25,581,002)

 

16,709,533

8

Table of Contents

For the Year Ended December 31, 2020

    

    

    

Primary

    

VIEs and

    

    

Li Auto

Other

Beneficiary

VIEs’

Eliminating

Consolidated

Inc.

Subsidiaries

of VIEs

subsidiaries

adjustments

totals

(RMB in thousands)

Net cash provided by/(used in) inter-company transactions(5)

 

 

(2,813,046)

 

618,704

 

2,194,342

 

 

Net cash provided by/(used in) other transactions

 

109,961

 

2,111,172

 

(427,398)

 

1,346,069

 

 

3,139,804

Net cash provided by/ (used in) operating activities

 

109,961

 

(701,874)

 

191,306

 

3,540,411

 

 

3,139,804

Inter-company loan financing to Group companies(6)

 

(10,006,889)

 

(602,462)

 

(701,169)

 

 

11,310,520

 

Other investing activities with external entities

 

(14,451,131)

 

(2,550,950)

 

(69,662)

 

(1,665,982)

 

 

(18,737,725)

Net cash (used in)/ provided by investing activities

 

(24,458,020)

 

(3,153,412)

 

(770,831)

 

(1,665,982)

 

11,310,520

 

(18,737,725)

Inter-company loan financing from Group companies(6)

 

 

10,006,889

 

508,336

 

795,295

 

(11,310,520)

 

Other financing activities with external entities

 

24,876,674

 

(21,277)

 

 

(144,700)

 

 

24,710,697

Net cash provided by/ (used in) financing activities

 

24,876,674

 

9,985,612

 

508,336

 

650,595

 

(11,310,520)

 

24,710,697

For the Year Ended December 31, 2019

    

    

    

Primary

    

VIEs and

    

    

Li Auto

Other

Beneficiary

VIEs’

Eliminating

Consolidated

Inc.

Subsidiaries

of VIEs

subsidiaries

adjustments

totals

(RMB in thousands)

Net cash provided by/(used in) inter-company transactions(4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by/(used in) other transactions

 

26,492

 

(155,054)

 

(57,713)

 

(1,607,435)

 

 

(1,793,710)

Net cash provided by/ (used in) operating activities

 

26,492

 

(155,054)

 

(57,713)

 

(1,607,435)

 

 

(1,793,710)

Inter-company loan financing to Group companies(5)

 

(4,384,396)

 

(4,059,556)

 

 

 

8,443,952

 

Other investing activities with external entities

 

(494,428)

 

(103,444)

 

 

(1,976,964)

 

 

(2,574,836)

Net cash (used in)/ provided by investing activities

 

(4,878,824)

 

(4,163,000)

 

 

(1,976,964)

 

8,443,952

 

(2,574,836)

Inter-company loan financing from Group companies(5)

 

 

4,516,396

 

145,178

 

3,782,378

 

(8,443,952)

 

Other investing activities with external entities

 

5,422,403

 

233,287