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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________
FORM 10-K
___________________________________
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________
Commission file number 001-39004
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ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________________
Delaware84-1747686
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
240 East Hacienda Avenue
Campbell, CA
95008
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
(408) 841-4500
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.0001
CHPT
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act:
Common Shares
(Title of class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes No
The aggregate market value of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant on July 30, 2021, the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, based on the closing price of $23.65 for shares of the Registrant’s common stock as reported by the New York Stock Exchange, was approximately $3.1 billion. Shares of common stock beneficially owned by each executive officer, director, and their affiliated holders have been excluded in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.
The registrant had outstanding 335,940,082 shares of common stock as of March 28, 2022.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Registrant’s definitive proxy statement relating to its 2022 annual meeting of shareholders (the “2022 Proxy Statement”) are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K where indicated. The 2022 Proxy Statement will be filed with the U.S. Securities Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this report relates.


Table of Contents
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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This annual report on Form 10-K (this “Annual Report”) includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements, other than statements of present or historical fact included in this Annual Report, regarding the future financial performance of ChargePoint Holdings, Inc. (“ChargePoint” or the “Company”), as well as ChargePoint’s strategy, future operations, future operating results, financial position, expectations regarding revenue, losses, and costs, margins, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “continue,” “project” or the negative of such terms and other similar expressions that predict or indicate future events or trends or that are not statements of historical matters. These statements are based on various assumptions, whether or not identified herein, and on the current expectations of ChargePoint’s management and are not predictions of actual performance. These forward-looking statements are provided for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to serve as, and must not be relied on by any investor as, a guarantee, an assurance, a prediction or a definitive statement of, fact or probability. Actual events and circumstances are difficult or impossible to predict and may differ from assumptions, and such differences may be material. Many actual events and circumstances are beyond the control of ChargePoint. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about ChargePoint that may cause the actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. If any of these risks materialize or ChargePoint’s assumptions prove incorrect, actual results could differ materially from the results implied by these forward-looking statements. There may be additional risks that ChargePoint does not presently know or that ChargePoint currently believes are immaterial that could also cause actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements. In addition, forward-looking statements reflect ChargePoint’s expectations, plans or forecasts of future events and views as of the date hereof. ChargePoint anticipates that subsequent events and developments will cause ChargePoint’s assessments to change. These forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing ChargePoint’s assessments as of any date subsequent to the date hereof. Accordingly, undue reliance should not be placed upon the forward-looking statements. ChargePoint cautions you that these forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risk and uncertainties, most of which are all difficult to predict and many of which are beyond the control of ChargePoint.
The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements:
ChargePoint’s success in retaining or recruiting, or changes in, its officers, key employees or directors;
changes in applicable laws or regulations;
the impact of the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic on the overall economy and ChargePoint’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows;
supply chain disruptions and expense increases, including those contributed by the ongoing COVID-19-pandemic and conflict between the Ukraine and Russia;
delays in new product introductions;
ChargePoint’s ability to expand its business in Europe;
ChargePoint’s ability to integrate newly acquired assets and businesses into ChargePoint’s own business and the expected benefits from newly acquired assets to ChargePoint, its customers and its market position;
the electric vehicle (“EV”) market may not grow as expected;
ChargePoint may not attract a sufficient number of fleet owners or operators as customers;
incentives from governments or utilities may not materialize or may be reduced, which could reduce demand for EVs, or the portion of regulatory credits that customers claim may increase, which would reduce ChargePoint’s revenue from this source;
the impact of competing technologies or technological changes could reduce the demand for EVs or otherwise adversely affect the EV market or our business;
data security breaches or other network outages;
ChargePoint’s ability to remediate its material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting;
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the possibility that ChargePoint may be adversely affected by other economic, business or competitive factors; and
any further changes to ChargePoint’s financial statements that may be required due to SEC comments to this Annual Report, or further guidance regarding the accounting treatment of the Public Warrants and the Private Placement Warrants (each as defined below), and the quantitative effects of the restatement of Switchback Energy Acquisition Corporation’s (“Switchback”) consolidated historical financial statements.
The foregoing review of important factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other risk factors included herein. Forward-looking statements reflect current views about ChargePoint’s plans, strategies and prospects, which are based on information available as of the date of this Annual Report. Except to the extent required by applicable law, ChargePoint undertakes no obligation (and expressly disclaims any such obligation) to update or revise the forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
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PART I
Item 1. Business.
ChargePoint Holdings, Inc. (“ChargePoint”) is a leading electric vehicle (“EV”) charging technology solutions provider, and is creating a new fueling network to move people and goods on electricity.
ChargePoint is driving the shift to electric mobility by providing networked charging solutions in North America and Europe for all segments: commercial (e.g., retail, workplace, parking, recreation, education and highway fast charge), fleet (e.g., delivery, logistics, motor pool, transit and shared mobility) and residential (e.g., homes, apartments and condominiums). As of January 31, 2022, ChargePoint has activated approximately 174,000 ports on its network, including approximately 11,500 DC ports, excluding single family home ports. ChargePoint’s roaming integrations enable EV drivers to access more than 300,000 additional ports in North America and Europe through ChargePoint’s mobile and in-dash applications.
ChargePoint believes its business model is distinct in the EV charging industry. ChargePoint is a technology provider that sells networked charging hardware, cloud-based software services (“Cloud” or “Cloud Services”) and extended parts and labor warranty solutions (“Assure”) to customers to enable electrification. ChargePoint does not sell networked charging hardware without its software. In addition, ChargePoint rarely owns EV charging assets nor does it try to profit from electricity or driver charging fees. Accordingly, ChargePoint believes its operating model allows it to scale active network ports more cost efficiently as compared to other models in the EV industry, where the charging station provider owns and operates the unit, and it gives the site owner or operator full control over branding, access, pricing and policies in an effort to ensure a positive driver experience.
ChargePoint’s networked charging solutions can charge most types of EVs—cars, trucks, delivery vehicles, buses, yard tractors and 18-wheelers—regardless of manufacturer. ChargePoint believes it will benefit directly and proportionately from the broad electrification trend because it does not need to identify which vehicles will come first or which segments or manufacturers will be successful. For example, as an early entrant in the EV charging industry, ChargePoint has seen a correlation between new passenger EV sales in North America and its charging port growth in North America, which gives ChargePoint confidence in its growth prospects going forward as its verticals and geographic markets continue to go electric.

By calendar year 2021, most major manufacturers of passenger cars, trucks of all sizes, buses and industrial vehicles have committed to electrification, and governments have made it clear from both policy and funding perspectives that the future of transportation is electric. For example, passenger EV sales are expected to increase from 2.7% of new vehicles sold in 2019 to 43.2% in 2030 in the United States and Europe according to the Bloomberg New Energy Finance Electric Vehicle Outlook (the “BNEF Report”). Additional factors propelling this shift to electrification include existing and proposed fossil fuel bans or restrictions, transit electrification mandates and utility incentive programs. With these trends, the BNEF Report projects that the cumulative EV charging infrastructure investment in North America and Europe is expected to be approximately $121 billion by 2030 and increase to approximately $307 billion by 2040.
ChargePoint is focused on supporting a sustainable future. Since 2007, ChargePoint has powered approximately 3.6 billion electric miles driven, avoiding approximately 145 million gallons of gasoline and over 600,000 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions as of January 31, 2022. ChargePoint estimates the avoided amount of greenhouse gas emissions equates to planting approximately 14 million tree seedlings, capturing carbon from 1,000,000 acres of U.S. forests and recycling 36 million bags of waste, according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies.

The ChargePoint Model for EV Fueling

Because vehicles spend most of their time parked and electricity is pervasively and safely distributed, fueling can shift to a model where vehicles charge where they are parked and while their drivers—individual or fleet—are doing something else. Locations where vehicles are parked will offer fueling with charging speeds matched to the natural parking duration, or dwell time, of vehicles at the site. Matching charging speeds to dwell time is a critical component in charging station site design and solution selection.
Accordingly, with application-specific exceptions such as occasional drives beyond a passenger vehicle’s battery range or the need to support centralized fleet depots, ChargePoint believes EV charging will be primarily a top-up model and that fueling will transition from an inconvenient, dedicated stop at a destination to convenient charging mapped to the dwell time of the vehicle, whether passenger or fleet. For example, ChargePoint believes that passenger EV drivers will typically charge overnight at home or during the day at work, top-up with Level 2 alternating current (“AC”) charging while parked at a shopping center for a few hours, and access Level 3 direct current (“DC”) charging for occasional road trips. ChargePoint also believes that fleet vehicles will typically charge overnight, but with infrastructure mapped to vehicle types, dwell time and route lengths. To meet these needs in an integrated way, ChargePoint offers a platform of products, Cloud subscriptions, Assure warranty coverage and professional services enabling turn-key development of charging at most locations and applications.
ChargePoint is tackling the growing addressable electric vehicle charging market one parking lot at a time. ChargePoint’s business model (a) encourages businesses and fleets to invest in charging infrastructure, in essence “crowdsourcing” the buildout of EV charging infrastructure, (b) is designed to deliver consistent revenue aligned closely to EV sales growth, and (c) provides a quality experience for businesses and drivers that yields significant network effects. ChargePoint sells networked charging hardware and
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recurring Cloud subscriptions and services primarily to commercial, fleet and residential customers. With few exceptions, ChargePoint does not own charging sites or stations, monetize the sale of energy to support asset ownership returns, or monetize driver access to stations. In other words, ChargePoint does not depend on utilization rates and site selection, and provides the site owner, or host, full control over branding, access, pricing and policies. As a result, ChargePoint believes it has a differentiated business model versus others who deny hosts the right to control the charging experience with their customers and employees and offer minimal or no network effects. And because customers own the charging infrastructure or can partner with a third-party owner-operator, ChargePoint can focus its capital on product development, customer acquisition and public policy to drive innovation, competition and customer choice in the market.
ChargePoint continues to optimize its operating model, combining comprehensive, high quality networked charging hardware and Cloud subscriptions with turn-key support and Assure warranty services. ChargePoint believes this approach is unique in the industry, creates significant network effects and, when combined with ChargePoint’s first mover advantage, provides the potential for recurring revenue. ChargePoint’s user experience is designed to generate high driver satisfaction and awareness and to keep site hosts engaged and loyal. This creates a virtuous cycle of brand awareness, recurring Cloud revenue and meaningful charging footprint growth with existing customers, all supported by mass market EV adoption.
The Portfolio
ChargePoint primarily generates revenue through the sale of networked charging hardware, combined with its Cloud Services billed as a subscription, and available through each charging port. ChargePoint also provides an extended parts and labor warranty, Assure, as an annual subscription. ChargePoint offers both an upfront sale of the charging stations with separate payment for Cloud Services and Assure, or ChargePoint as a Service, referred to as CPaaS, in which charging station hardware, Cloud Services and Assure are bundled into an annual subscription.
Hardware Portfolio Powered by Cloud Services. ChargePoint believes it offers among the industry’s leading hardware for Level 2 AC and Level 3 DC charging, and does not sell these solutions without a Cloud Services subscription. ChargePoint’s solutions deliver differentiated features and high efficiency in power and footprint, with a modular and scalable architecture created for high availability, easy expansion and efficient serviceability. ChargePoint thoroughly tests its products, including interoperability checks for different types of EVs, for a range of functional, climate and environmental conditions and for high, long-term reliability. ChargePoint’s stations are available with customizable video and signage options for customers who want to promote their brand.
Advanced Cloud Services to Scale Charging Infrastructure. ChargePoint’s network, sold as a Cloud Services subscription, enables commercial and fleet customers to manage charging in their parking lots and depots. Features are tuned for a variety of settings. Retailers can optimize charging station locations and pricing for foot traffic and loyalty, employers can make fueling an efficient benefit to attract talent, parking operators can vary pricing to reflect market conditions, and fleet operators can manage use cases from having drivers take their own vehicles home every day to high-power, high-complexity centralized fleet depots. Cloud Services capabilities include the functionality below.
Station and site host management: making charging accessible to the public or select users, simplifying management of multiple charging sites and their parking policies, enabling sub-hosts, delivery of analytics, utilization reporting, remote diagnosis and updates with the latest software features.
Host pricing and payment remittance capabilities: enabling site hosts or station owners to set pricing, including support for pricing scenarios (e.g., by driver group, time of day, idle status, energy dispensed, by session). Remittance is possible to one or many accounts.
Energy management: enabling stations to share circuits, oversubscribing electrical panels to add more ports beyond the peak electrical capacity, and supporting the creation of advanced groups and rules which enable energy use policies. Energy management can be integrated with support for building load management and integration with utility load management programs.
Driver management tools: enabling convenience features including specific user access via the ChargePoint connections system, the creation of driver groups to support a site host policy and the waitlist feature for drivers to reserve a place in line, among other features.
Integration with route planning systems for fleets: enabling on-budget deadline scheduling in accordance with energy rate structures and on-site energy storage. On-site and on-route charging are supported and fueling payment is facilitated by integration with leading fuel cards.

ChargePoint believes that as EV penetration rises, so does the importance of Cloud Services to help manage charging complexity. Some examples include:
The ability for commercial customers to adjust the rate at which vehicles charge to match the natural parking duration at the site and to avoid peak or demand charges.
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Charging infrastructure made available to the public during the day can be reserved for private fleets at night. Fleet software integrations also offer load control, charging scheduling and alerts to reduce cost and improve reliability. The software is designed to integrate with fuel management systems, fleet operations software and vehicle telematics to enable seamless integration into fleet processes.
Ecosystem integrations enable drivers to access charging functionality via in-vehicle infotainment systems, consumer mobile applications, payment systems, mapping tools, home automation assistants, fleet fuel cards, wearables and residential utility programs.
All ChargePoint commercial ports are integrated into one network available to drivers who can use the ChargePoint mobile application to find charging locations, check availability, start sessions, pay for charging, use their ChargePoint account to roam across networks, access preferential pricing and loyalty offers and track the estimated avoidance of CO2 emissions in comparison to the use of liquid fuel.
Parts and Labor Warranty Subscriptions and Customer Support Foster Loyalty. ChargePoint offers the Assure warranty services which include proactive monitoring, fast response times, parts and labor warranty, expert advice and robust reporting. ChargePoint also provides phone support in multiple languages to both site hosts and drivers. Rising EV adoption creates more awareness and utilization. ChargePoint believes the quality of the ChargePoint experience generates driver satisfaction and therefore encourages customers to purchase additional networked chargers and Cloud Services, creating a virtuous cycle of growth from customers expanding their charging capacity.
Go to Market Strategy

ChargePoint sells networked charging solutions in North America and Europe, and as of January 31, 2022, its customers base include 76% of the 2021 Fortune 50 list of companies. It is focused on three key verticals: commercial, fleet and residential.
Commercial: Commercial businesses already own or lease parking and many wish to electrify. These include retail centers, offices, medical complexes, schools, airports, convenience stores, recreation centers and fast fueling sites, among others. ChargePoint believes commercial businesses view charging as essential and invest to attract tenants, employees, customers and visitors, generate direct and indirect income, and achieve sustainability goals. ChargePoint believes commercial businesses choose ChargePoint based on solution completeness (they are not responsible for being the integrator or support agent for drivers) and the quality that comes from designing hardware, software and services together. These customers benefit from drivers that are typically familiar with ChargePoint’s products and services, including access to a free, top-rated application, around-the-clock support, and integration to popular mapping platforms, payment systems and wearables. Brand awareness, education and demand marketing programs generate sales opportunities. ChargePoint accesses the commercial market via its direct sales force (inside and field teams) and by channel partners.
Fleet: Fleet customers are organizations that operate vehicle fleets in delivery/logistics, sales/service/motor pool shared transit and ride-sharing service operators. ChargePoint believes these customers choose to electrify their fleets for economic reasons, as the comparative total cost of ownership compellingly favors electrification. EV charging solutions can help them design and fuel operations, manage operating costs and achieve sustainability goals. ChargePoint provides a flexible architecture of networked charging stations, Cloud Services subscriptions, professional services, support, monitoring and parts and labor warranties needed to support all use cases, from single vehicle take-home fleets to full-scale electrified depots. ChargePoint accesses the fleet market via its direct sales force and a curated set of channel partners.
Residential: ChargePoint offers residential EV charging solutions for drivers in single-family residences who want the convenience of fueling at home with the ability to optimize energy costs and full integration with the same mobile application they use for charging away from home. Residential charging solutions include the capability to manage grid load in conjunction with utility programs and EV fueling rate programs. ChargePoint accesses single-family residential opportunities through direct marketing to the consumer using proprietary and third-party e-commerce platforms. For apartments and condominium settings, ChargePoint offers landlords and owner associations the ability to offer charging billed directly to the tenant. ChargePoint also offers customer support around-the-clock and in multiple languages. ChargePoint accesses this residential aspect via marketing and direct and channel partners.
Because ChargePoint rarely owns and operates charging infrastructure, it is able to allocate capital strategically towards ChargePoint’s initiatives in research and development, marketing and sales and public policy.
Research and Development. With a singular focus on EV charging, ChargePoint offers a complete set of networked charging solutions for most EV charging use cases in North America and Europe.
Go to Market. ChargePoint has built a strong marketing and sales engine in North America and Europe, with an established sales channel, digital marketing capability and substantial direct sales. ChargePoint has focused on category awareness,
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consistent branding and customer acquisition. ChargePoint also has nationwide and local partners who sell, install and maintain ChargePoint solutions.
Public Policy. ChargePoint has also supported early and sustained investments in policy and utility relationships. ChargePoint advocates for policies that advance electric mobility and ensure a healthy industry with a focus on competition, innovation and customer choice, including:
Support for vehicle policy and climate action, such as zero emission vehicle requirements, fossil fuel bans and transit electrification directives;
Partnership with North America’s leading utilities to scale the new electric fueling network, including enabling the resale of electricity, securing fast charging-friendly tariffs, protecting site host choice, developing make-ready programs, creating rebate programs and informing utility commission decisions and legislation; and
Reduction in barriers to infrastructure deployment including construction costs, permitting, building codes and right to charge policies for renters and tenants.
Competition
ChargePoint believes it has one of the most comprehensive technology platforms for the EV charging industry, offering networked charging systems of multiple charging speeds to compliment the natural dwell time of the vehicle, the ability to charge vehicles of any make in any application, including fleet, commercial and residential, high-power efficiency and energy management, high reliability and easy serviceability, and flexible Cloud Services management capabilities. ChargePoint does not sell charging system hardware without its software, and rarely owns and operates networked charging system assets. Accordingly, ChargePoint believes it does not compete directly with other charging station owner and operators, rather it seeks to help customers avoid the burden of becoming their own integrator, and sees asset owners as potential customers, not direct competitors.
ChargePoint believes the principal competitive factors in the EV charging industry include: efficient capital deployment; multiple product lines for application specific deployment and diverse revenue opportunities; product flexibility to charge virtually all EV makes and models; cloud-based networked charging systems providing platform reliability, system management and scalability; and high levels of customer satisfaction and a compelling driver user experience. The EV market is still in its early stages of development and requires significant capital expenditures, broad engagement across the fleet, commercial and residential verticals, successful driver engagement, and being everywhere drivers are to gain market share.
ChargePoint believes the primary differentiators on which it competes include:
variety and quality of networked charging system product offerings;
product performance;
Cloud Services functionality for its network;
ease of use;
brand awareness;
quality of support;
size and scale of its networked charging system; and
scale of operations.
ChargePoint believes it competes favorably with respect to each of these factors.
North America
ChargePoint believes it leads the North America market in the sale of commercial Level 2 AC chargers. ChargePoint also has a strong market position in Level 1 AC chargers for use at home or multifamily settings and high-power Level 3 DC chargers for urban fast charging, corridor or long-trip charging and fleet applications. Because ChargePoint’s primary business model does not include owning and operating networked charging stations, ChargePoint believes its primary competitors include other OEMs, manufacturers and providers of EV charging station solutions, such as Blink Charging Co., and SemaConnect, Inc. in Level 2 AC charger; Wallbox N.V and Blink Charging Co. in Level 1 AC chargers; and ABB Ltd. and Tritium DCFC in Level 3 DC chargers.
Europe
In Europe, ChargePoint primarily competes with smaller providers of EV charging solutions. The market in Europe is highly fragmented in terms of both providers and solutions, with many companies providing hardware only or software only, and few providing both. To succeed in a large, early-stage market such as Europe, providers must invest in early engagement across verticals and customers to gain market share, and in ongoing efforts to scale channels, installers, teams and processes. ChargePoint believes its portfolio breadth
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and range of Cloud solutions position it well to succeed broadly in Europe, and thus has invested, and will continue to invest, heavily in its strategy to establish a successful pan-European presence that maps to major pan-European customers and provides a seamless experience for drivers as they travel.
Growth Strategies
ChargePoint estimates it had approximately a 70% market share in publicly available networked Level 2 AC charging in North America as of January 31, 2022. ChargePoint began European operations in late 2017 and currently operates in 16 European countries. It expects significant market opportunities for fleet solutions as fleet EVs begin to arrive in more meaningful volume. ChargePoint believes the breadth and quality of its networked EV charging solutions, market share and driver awareness typically lead to customer loyalty, whereby customers typically choose to expand their charging footprint with ChargePoint as EV penetration rises and/or charging utilization at their location increases. Over the years, ChargePoint’s customers have typically renewed their Cloud Services subscriptions and have expanded the number of charging ports they purchase from ChargePoint. Growth is also supported by comprehensive ecosystem integrations ChargePoint has enabled that keep the ChargePoint brand top of mind with drivers, including in-vehicle infotainment systems, consumer mobile applications, payment systems, mapping tools, home automation assistants, fleet fuel cards, wearables and residential utility programs.
ChargePoint’s growth strategies to continue to scale networked EV charging are as follows:
Accelerate new product offerings. ChargePoint intends to maintain its leadership position with continued efficient investment in the development of charging station technologies and Cloud solutions. In addition, ChargePoint intends to expand its product offerings beyond its historical model of a site host or customer owning and operating charging as a capital expenditure. ChargePoint intends to enter into a partnerships and similar strategic relationships with third-party owners and operators of charging stations and alternative energy infrastructure providers to provide customers a financed charging solution that enables customers to pay for charging infrastructure as an operational expense, and a turnkey charging solution that enables customers offering public charging to host a station at zero cost to them.
Invest incrementally in marketing and sales. In both North America and Europe, ChargePoint intends to continue attracting new customers and pursuing a “land-and-expand” model which encourages existing customers to increase their charging footprint with ChargePoint over time as EV penetration increases.

Manufacturing, Logistics and Fulfillment
ChargePoint designs its products in-house and outsources production to contract manufacturers based in the United States, Mexico and Europe. The majority of its hardware products are manufactured in Mexico. Components are sourced from a number of global suppliers, with concentrations in the United States and Asia. ChargePoint deploys a global supply chain management team that works proactively with piece part and final assembly supply partners. That supply management team readies factories for new products, puts in place and monitors quality control points, plans ongoing production, issues purchase orders and coordinates deliveries to distribution hubs that ChargePoint manages in North America and Europe.
ChargePoint works with third-party fulfillment partners that deliver its products from multiple locations, which it believes allows it to reduce order fulfillment time and shipping costs.
Seasonality
Almost all of ChargePoint’s charging stations are installed and utilized outdoors and ChargePoint operates and conducts its sales primarily in the Northern Hemisphere. Seasonal changes and other weather-related conditions can affect the sales volumes and installation rates of ChargePoint’s products, primarily due to the impact of winter weather on construction timelines and delays. Therefore, the financial results for any quarter do not necessarily indicate the results expected for the fiscal year. Normally, the highest sales and earnings are in ChargePoint’s fourth quarter and the lowest are in its first quarter, commencing in February annually.
Government Regulation and Incentives
State, regional and local regulations for installation of EV charging stations vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and may include permitting requirements, inspection requirements, licensing of contractors and certifications as examples. Compliance with such regulation(s) may cause installation delays.
OSHA
ChargePoint is subject to the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, as amended (“OSHA”). OSHA establishes certain employer responsibilities, including maintenance of a workplace free of recognized hazards likely to cause death or serious injury, compliance with standards promulgated by OSHA and various record keeping, disclosure and procedural requirements. Various
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standards, including standards for notices of hazards, safety in excavation and demolition work and the handling of asbestos, may apply to ChargePoint’s operations. ChargePoint is in full compliance with OSHA regulations.

Metrology

ChargePoint products are subject to regulations and certification requirements governing accuracy and other characteristics of embedded metrology for dispensing of electricity through charging stations. ChargePoint has received certification for some products in the European Union under the Measurement Instrument Directive (MID), in the United Kingdom under the Measurement Instrument Regulation (MIR), and in California under the California Type Evaluation Program (CTEP), as regulated by the Department of Food and Agriculture Division of Measurement Standards. ChargePoint is in the process of seeking additional certifications on products in Germany and in the United States. Field testing to validate meter accuracy may also be carried out by various government entities responsible for ensuring the accuracy of transactions based on measured quantities, similar to the way gasoline pumps or grocery store scales are audited.
Privacy and Data Security Laws

ChargePoint is currently subject, and/or may in the future be subject, to numerous privacy and data security laws. For example, some U.S. states, members of the European Economic Area, the United Kingdom, Mexico, China, and many other jurisdictions in which ChargePoint operates has adopted some form of privacy and data security laws and regulations which impose significant compliance obligations.

The European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), which is wide-ranging in scope, imposes several requirements relating to a variety of matters, including the control over personal data by individuals to whom the personal data relates, the information provided to the individuals, the documentation ChargePoint must maintain, the security and confidentiality of the personal data, data breach notification, and the use of third-party processors in connection with the processing of personal data. The GDPR also imposes strict rules on the transfer of personal data outside of the European Union (“EU”), provides an enforcement authority and authorizes the imposition of large penalties for noncompliance, including the potential for significant fines. The GDPR requirements apply not only to third-party transactions, but also to transfers of information between ChargePoint and its subsidiaries, including employee information. The GDPR has increased ChargePoint’s responsibility and potential liability in relation to all types of personal data that ChargePoint processes and ChargePoint may be required to put in place additional mechanisms to ensure compliance with the GDPR, which could divert management’s attention and increase its cost of doing business, and despite ChargePoint’s ongoing efforts to bring its practices into compliance with the GDPR, it may not be successful.

Additionally, ChargePoint is governed by a California state privacy law called the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (“CCPA”), which contains requirements similar to GDPR for the handling of personal information of California residents. The CCPA establishes a privacy framework for covered businesses, including an expansive definition of personal information and data privacy rights for California residents. The CCPA includes a framework with potentially severe statutory damages and private rights of action. The CCPA requires covered companies to provide new disclosures to California consumers (as that word is broadly defined in the CCPA), and new ways for such consumers to opt-out of certain sales of personal information, and to allow for a new cause of action for data breaches. Further, California voters approved a new privacy law, the California Privacy Rights Act (“CPRA”) in November, 2020. Effective starting on January 1, 2023, the CPRA will significantly modify the CCPA, including by expanding the consumers’ rights with respect to certain sensitive personal information. The CPRA also creates a new state agency that will be vested with authority to implement and enforce the CCPA and the CPRA. New legislation proposed or enacted in various other states will continue to shape the data privacy environment nationally. For example, on March 2, 2021, Virginia enacted the Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (“CDPA”), which becomes effective on January 1, 2023, and on June 8, 2021, Colorado enacted the Colorado Privacy Act (“CPA”) which takes effect on July 1, 2023. The CPA and CDPA are similar to the CCPA and CPRA, but aspects of these state privacy statutes remain unclear, resulting in further legal uncertainty.

The GDPR, CCPA, CPRA, CPA and CDPA exemplify the vulnerability of ChargePoint’s business to the evolving regulatory environment related to personal data. Other states in the United States may pass or are considering privacy laws, and additional countries have in recent years implemented new privacy laws. ChargePoint’s compliance costs and potential liability may increase as the result of additional national and international regulatory requirements related to data privacy and data security.
NEMA
The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (“NEMA”) is the association of electrical equipment and medical imaging manufacturers. NEMA provides a forum for the development of technical standards that are in the best interests of the industry and users, advocacy of industry policies on legislative and regulatory matters, and collection, analysis, and dissemination of industry data. All of ChargePoint’s products comply with the NEMA standards that are applicable to such products.
CAFE Standards
The regulations mandated by the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (“CAFE”) standards set the average new vehicle fuel economy, as weighted by sales, that a manufacturer’s fleet must achieve. Although ChargePoint is not a car manufacturer and are thus not directly subject to the CAFE standards, ChargePoint believes such standards may have a material effect on its business. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 raised the fuel economy standards of America’s cars, light trucks and sport utility vehicles to a combined average of at least 35 miles per gallon by 2020—a 10 miles per gallon increase over 2007 levels—and required standards to be met at maximum feasible levels through 2030. Building on the success of the first phase of the National Program, the second phase of fuel economy and global warming pollution standards for light duty vehicles covers model years 2017–2025. These standards were
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finalized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) and NHTSA in August 2012. These standards would have required a reduction in average carbon dioxide emissions of new passenger cars and light trucks to 163 grams per mile (g/mi) in model year 2025. Manufacturers may choose to comply with these standards by manufacturing more EVs which would mean that more charging stations of the type ChargePoint manufactures will be needed.
However, in April 2020, EPA and NHTSA finalized the Safer Affordable Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Rule, which reformulated the required reductions, establishing average carbon dioxide emissions of new passenger cars and light trucks of 240 g/mi in model year 2026. Several states and groups have announced intentions to sue the U.S. government over this reformulation, so the final CAFE standards cannot currently be predicted with any certainty. However, to the extent fuel-efficiency standards are decreased, this may result in less demand for EVs and, in turn, charging stations of the type ChargePoint manufactures.
Waste Handling and Disposal
ChargePoint is subject to laws and regulations regarding the handling and disposal of hazardous substances and solid wastes, including electronic wastes and batteries. These laws generally regulate the generation, storage, treatment, transportation and disposal of solid and hazardous waste, and may impose strict, joint and several liability for the investigation and remediation of areas where hazardous substances may have been released or disposed. For instance, CERCLA, also known as the Superfund law, in the United States and comparable state laws impose liability, without regard to fault or the legality of the original conduct, on certain classes of persons that contributed to the release of a hazardous substance into the environment. These persons include current and prior owners or operators of the site where the release occurred as well as companies that disposed or arranged for the disposal of hazardous substances found at the site. Under CERCLA, these persons may be subject to joint and several strict liability for the costs of cleaning up the hazardous substances that have been released into the environment, for damages to natural resources and for the costs of certain health studies. CERCLA also authorizes the EPA and, in some instances, third-parties to act in response to threats to the public health or the environmental and to seek to recover from the responsible classes of persons the costs they incur. ChargePoint may handle hazardous substances within the meaning of CERCLA, or similar state statutes, in the course of ordinary operations and, as a result, may be jointly and severally liable under CERCLA for all or part of the costs required to clean up sites at which these hazardous substances have been released into the environment.
ChargePoint also generates solid wastes, which may include hazardous wastes that are subject to the requirements of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”) and comparable state statutes. While RCRA regulates both solid and hazardous wastes, it imposes strict requirements on the generation, storage, treatment, transportation and disposal of hazardous wastes. Certain components of ChargePoint’s products are excluded from RCRA’s hazardous waste regulations, provided certain requirements are met. However, if these components do not meet all of the established requirements for the exclusion, or if the requirements for the exclusion change, ChargePoint may be required to treat such products as hazardous waste, which are subject to more rigorous and costly disposal requirements. Any such changes in the laws and regulations, or ChargePoint’s ability to qualify the materials it uses for exclusions under such laws and regulations, could adversely affect ChargePoint’s operating expenses.
Similar laws exist in other jurisdictions where ChargePoint operates. Additionally, in the EU, ChargePoint is subject to the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (“WEEE Directive”). The WEEE Directive provides for the creation of collection scheme where consumers return waste electrical and electronic equipment to merchants, such as ChargePoint. If ChargePoint fails to properly manage such waste electrical and electronic equipment, it may be subject to fines, sanctions, or other actions that may adversely affect ChargePoint’s financial operations.
Research and Development
ChargePoint has invested significant time and expense into research and development for its networked charging platform technologies and for its Cloud software. ChargePoint’s ability to maintain its leadership position depends upon its ongoing research and development activities. ChargePoint’s research and development team is responsible for designing, developing, manufacturing, testing and sustaining its products.
ChargePoint’s research and development teams are primarily located in the Company’s headquarters in Campbell, California, its facilities in Gurgaon, India, and its European locations in Radstadt, Austria, Amsterdam, Netherlands and Reading, the United Kingdom. As of January 31, 2022, ChargePoint had over 550 full-time employees in its research and development activities.
Intellectual Property
ChargePoint relies on a combination of patent, trademark, copyright, unfair competition and trade secret laws, as well as confidentiality procedures and contractual restrictions, to establish, maintain and protect its proprietary rights. ChargePoint’s success depends in part upon its ability to obtain and maintain proprietary protection for ChargePoint’s products, technology and know-how, to operate without infringing the proprietary rights of others, and to prevent others from infringing ChargePoint’s proprietary rights.
As of January 31, 2022, ChargePoint had 83 U.S. patents issued and 38 U.S. pending non-provisional patent applications. Additionally, ChargePoint had 17 issued foreign patents (Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, China, Taiwan and Korea) and 10 foreign patent applications currently pending in various foreign jurisdictions. In addition, as of January 31, 2022, there were two pending Patent Cooperation Treaty applications. These patents relate to various EV charging station designs and/or EV charging functionality. Such issued patents and any patents derived from such applications or applications that claim priority from such applications, if granted,
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would be expected to expire between 2024 and 2039, excluding any additional term for patent term adjustments. ChargePoint cannot be assured that any of its patent applications will result in the issuance of a patent or whether the examination process will require ChargePoint to narrow the scope of the claims sought. ChargePoint’s issued patents, and any future patents issued to ChargePoint, may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented, may not provide sufficiently broad protection and may not prove to be enforceable inactions against alleged infringers.
ChargePoint enters into agreements with its employees, contractors, customers, partners and other parties with which it does business to limit access to and disclosure of its technology and other proprietary information. ChargePoint cannot be certain that the steps it has taken will be sufficient or effective to prevent the unauthorized access, use, copying or the reverse engineering of ChargePoint’s technology and other proprietary information, including by third-parties who may use its technology or other proprietary information to develop products and services that compete with ChargePoint’s. Moreover, others may independently develop technologies that are competitive with ChargePoint or that infringe on, misappropriate or otherwise violate its intellectual property and proprietary rights, and policing the unauthorized use of ChargePoint’s intellectual property and proprietary rights can be difficult. The enforcement of ChargePoint’s intellectual property and proprietary rights also depends on any legal actions ChargePoint may bring against any such parties being successful, but these actions are costly, time-consuming and may not be successful, even when ChargePoint’s rights have been infringed, misappropriated or otherwise violated.
ChargePoint intends to continue to regularly assess opportunities for seeking patent protection for those aspects of its technology, designs and methodologies that ChargePoint believes provide a meaningful competitive advantage. However, ChargePoint’s ability to do so may be limited until such time as it is able to generate cash flow from operations or otherwise raise sufficient capital to continue to invest in ChargePoint’s intellectual property. For example, maintaining patents in the United States and other countries requires the payment of maintenance fees which, if ChargePoint is unable to pay, may result in loss of its patent rights. If ChargePoint is unable to do so, its ability to protect its intellectual property or prevent others from infringing its proprietary rights may be impaired.
Human Capital Resources
As of January 31, 2022, ChargePoint had 1,436 employees, of which 903 are located in the United States and 533 are located outside of the United States. ChargePoint’s talent is the foundation of its success. ChargePoint strives to become the employer of choice within its industry, facilitating the transition to electric mobility by placing its talent at the heart of its success. To achieve this mission, ChargePoint aims to develop its individual, team and leadership capabilities, attract the best talent from diverse backgrounds, retain its talent through competitive rewards, benefits and by creating a winning culture, and engaging its talent by building a culture of feedback, inclusion and recognition. Key focus and investment areas to achieve this goal include, among others, diversity and inclusion, emphasis on ethical business practices, employee safety and wellness, and competitive compensation benefits.
Diversity and Inclusion. ChargePoint believes that a company culture focused on diversity and inclusion will help enable ChargePoint to deliver on its mission. ChargePoint also believes that by creating an inclusive culture where employees can bring their whole self to work and encouraging diversity of thought, ChargePoint will improve the employee experience and ultimately drive better business outcomes. ChargePoint is committed to recruiting, retaining, and developing highly engaged and high-performing employees with diverse backgrounds and experiences. This commitment includes providing equal access to, and participation in, equal employment opportunities, programs, and services without regard to race, religion, color, national origin, disability, sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity.
Ethical Business Practices. ChargePoint also fosters a strong corporate culture that promotes high standards of ethics and compliance for its business, including policies that set forth principles to guide employees, executives, and directors, such as its Code of Business Conduct and Ethics. In addition, ChargePoint has joined the Responsible Business Alliance (RBA) and adopted its Supplier Code of Conduct, which emphasizes business ethics in its supply chain through audit and oversight programs focused on promoting ethical and sustainable labor, health and safety, environmental business practices. ChargePoint also maintains a whistleblower policy and anonymous hotline for the confidential reporting of any suspected policy violations or unethical business conduct on the part of its businesses, employees, executives, directors, or vendors.
Employee Safety and Wellness. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, ChargePoint implemented significant changes to help keep its employee community safe. These measures include requiring employees to work from home, unless they needed to go into the office to conduct business-critical work and had VP/executive approval, and implementing additional safety measures to create a safe work environment for the employees that were going into the office. This included, but was not limited to, showing proof of a negative COVID-19 test prior to entering the office, wearing masks while in the office, social distancing and regularly sanitizing, among other requirements. In addition, ChargePoint conducted regular cleaning and maintained good ventilation throughout its facilities. Beyond COVID-19 measures, ChargePoint also provides various health and wellness resources to help its employees improve their well-being. In addition to health, medical and dental benefits, ChargePoint offers all employees access to several well-being apps which provide a variety of mental health solutions, access to thousands of classes, and guided meditation.
Compensation and Benefits. In addition to competitive base salaries, ChargePoint offers compensation and benefits programs such as medical, dental, and vision insurance, an employee assistance program, health and dependent care flexible spending accounts, a 401(k) plan, health savings account, basic life insurance, accidental death and dismemberment insurance, short-term and long-term disability insurance, and commuter benefits. Employees are also eligible to participate in its Employee Stock Purchase Program and
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discretionary equity awards program. ChargePoint designs its employee benefits programs to be competitive in relation to the market. ChargePoint adjusts its employee benefits programs as needed based upon regular monitoring of applicable laws and practices and the competitive market. In structuring these benefit programs, ChargePoint seeks to provide an aggregate level of benefits that are comparable to those provided by similar companies.
Available Information
The Company’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), free of charge on ChargePoint’s website, investors.chargepoint.com as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In addition, the SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
An investment in ChargePoint’s securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below before making an investment decision. ChargePoint’s business, prospects, financial condition, or operating results could be harmed by any of these risks, as well as other risks not known to ChargePoint or that it considers immaterial as of the date of this Annual Report. The trading price of ChargePoint’s securities could decline due to any of these risks, and, as a result, you may lose all or part of your investment.
Summary of Principal Risks Associated with ChargePoint’s Business
ChargePoint operates in the early-stage market of electric vehicle adoption and has a history of losses and expects to incur significant expenses and continuing losses for the near term.
ChargePoint has experienced rapid growth and expects to invest in growth for the foreseeable future. If it fails to manage growth effectively, its business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.
ChargePoint currently faces competition from a number of companies, particularly in Europe, and expects to face significant competition in the future as the market for EV charging develops.
Failure to effectively expand ChargePoint’s sales and marketing capabilities could harm its ability to increase its customer base and achieve broader market acceptance of its solutions.
ChargePoint faces risks related to health pandemics, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which could have a material and adverse effect on its business and results of operations.
Supply chain disruptions, manufacturing interruptions or delays, or the failure to accurately forecast customer demand, could adversely affect ChargePoint’s ability to meet customer demand, lead to higher costs, and adversely effect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations. For example, supply chain challenges related to the COVID-19 pandemic and global chip shortages have impacted companies worldwide and may have adverse effects on ChargePoint’s suppliers and, as a result, ChargePoint.
ChargePoint relies on a limited number of suppliers and manufacturers for its charging stations. A loss of any of these partners could negatively affect its business.
ChargePoint’s business is subject to risks associated with construction, cost overruns and delays, and other contingencies that may arise in the course of completing installations, and such risks may increase in the future as ChargePoint expands the scope of such services with other parties.
Acquisitions or strategic investments could be difficult to identify and integrate, divert the attention of key management personnel, disrupt ChargePoint’s business, dilute stockholder value and adversely affect its results of operations and financial condition.
If ChargePoint is unable to attract and retain key employees and hire qualified management, technical engineering and sale personnel, its ability to compete and successfully grow its business would be harmed.
ChargePoint is expanding operations internationally, particularly in Europe, which will expose it to additional tax, compliance, market and other risks.
Some members of ChargePoint’s management have limited experience in operating a public company.
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Future sales of ChargePoint’s Common Stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales may occur, could reduce ChargePoint’s stock price, and any additional capital raised through the sale of equity or convertible securities may dilute existing stockholder’s ownership.
ChargePoint’s future revenue growth will depend in significant part on its ability to increase sales of its products and services to fleet operators.
ChargePoint’s information technology systems or data, or those of its service providers or customers or users could be subject to cyber-attacks or other security incidents, which could result in data breaches, intellectual property theft, claims, litigation, regulatory investigations, significant liability, reputational damage and other adverse consequences.
Computer malware, viruses, ransomware, hacking, phishing attacks and similar disruptions could result in security and privacy breaches and interruption in service, which could harm ChargePoint’s business.
ChargePoint’s headquarters and other facilities are located in an active earthquake zone; an earthquake or other types of natural disasters or resource shortages, including public safety power shut-offs that have occurred and may continue to occur in California, could disrupt and harm its operations and those of ChargePoint’s customers.
ChargePoint has never paid cash dividends on its capital stock and does not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future.
The price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock may be subject to wide fluctuations.
Concentration of ownership among ChargePoint’s existing executive officers, directors and their affiliate may prevent new investors from influencing significant corporate decisions.
ChargePoint’s future growth and success is highly correlated with and thus dependent upon the continuing rapid adoption of EVs for passenger and fleet applications.
The EV market currently benefits from the availability of rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives from governments, utilities and others to offset the purchase or operating cost of EVs and EV charging stations.
ChargePoint’s business may be adversely affected if it is unable to protect its technology and intellectual property from unauthorized use by third parties.
ChargePoint has identified material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting. If ChargePoint is unable to remediate these material weaknesses, or if ChargePoint identifies additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fails to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, this may result in material misstatements of ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements or cause ChargePoint to fail to meet its periodic reporting obligations.
Risks Related to ChargePoint’s Business
ChargePoint operates in the early-stage market of electric vehicle adoption and has a history of losses, and expects to incur significant expenses and continuing losses for the near term.
ChargePoint incurred net losses of $132.2 million, $197.0 million, and $134.3 million for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020, respectively. As of January 31, 2022 and 2021, ChargePoint had an accumulated deficit of $811.7 million and $679.4 million, respectively. ChargePoint believes it will continue to incur significant operating expenses and net losses in future quarters for the near term. There can be no assurance that it will be able to maintain profitability in the future. ChargePoint’s potential profitability is particularly dependent upon the continued adoption of EVs by consumers and fleet operators, the widespread adoption of electric trucks, other vehicles and other electric transportation modalities, which are still in the very early stages of adoption and may not occur.
ChargePoint has experienced rapid growth and expects to invest in growth for the foreseeable future. If it fails to manage growth effectively, its business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.
ChargePoint has experienced rapid growth in recent periods. For example, the number of employees has grown from 743 as of January 31, 2020 to 834 as of January 31, 2021 and to 1,436 as of January 31, 2022. The growth and expansion of its business has placed and continues to place a significant strain on management, operations, financial infrastructure and corporate culture. In the event of further growth, ChargePoint’s information technology systems and ChargePoint’s internal control over financial reporting and procedures may not be adequate to support its operations and may introduce opportunities for data security incidents that may interrupt business operations and permit bad actors to obtain unauthorized access to business information or misappropriate funds. ChargePoint may also face risks to the extent such bad actors infiltrate the information technology infrastructure of its contractors.
To manage growth in operations and personnel, ChargePoint will need to continue to improve its operational, financial and management controls and reporting systems and procedures. Failure to manage growth effectively could result in difficulty or delays in attracting new customers, declines in quality or customer satisfaction, increases in costs, difficulties in introducing new products and
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services or enhancing existing products and services, loss of customers, inability to retain or hire new employees effectively, information security vulnerabilities or other operational difficulties, any of which could adversely affect its business performance and operating results.
ChargePoint currently faces competition from a number of companies, particularly in Europe, and expects to face significant competition in the future as the market for EV charging develops.
The EV charging market is relatively new and competition is still developing. ChargePoint primarily competes with smaller providers of EV charging station networks for installations, particularly in Europe. Large early-stage markets, such as Europe, require early engagement across verticals and customers to gain market share, and ongoing effort to scale channels, installers, teams and processes. Some European customers require solutions not yet available and ChargePoint’s recent entrance into Europe requires establishing itself against existing competitors. In addition, there are multiple competitors in Europe with limited funding, which could cause poor experiences, hampering overall EV adoption or trust in any particular provider.
In addition, there are other means for charging EVs, which could affect the level of demand for onsite charging capabilities at businesses. For example, Tesla Inc. continues to build out its supercharger network across the United States for its vehicles, which could reduce overall demand for EV charging at other sites. Also, third-party contractors can provide basic electric charging capabilities to potential customers seeking to have on premise EV charging capability as well as for home charging. In addition, many EV charging manufacturers, including ChargePoint, are offering home charging equipment, which could reduce demand for on premise charging capabilities of potential customers and reduce the demand for onsite charging capabilities if EV owners find charging at home to be sufficient.
Further, ChargePoint’s current or potential competitors may be acquired by third-parties with greater available resources. In addition, certain of ChargePoint’s competitors are engaging in or have completed transactions to become a publicly-traded company and may have ready access to the capital markets for additional funding. As a result, competitors may be able to respond more quickly and effectively than ChargePoint to new or changing opportunities, technologies, standards or customer requirements and may have the ability to initiate or withstand substantial price competition. In addition, competitors may in the future establish cooperative relationships with vendors of complementary products, technologies or services to increase the availability of their solutions in the marketplace. This competition may also materialize in the form of costly intellectual property disputes or litigation.
New competitors or alliances may emerge in the future that have greater market share, more widely adopted proprietary technologies, greater marketing expertise and greater financial resources, which could put ChargePoint at a competitive disadvantage. Future competitors could also be better positioned to serve certain segments of ChargePoint’s current or future target markets, which could create price pressure. In light of these factors, even if ChargePoint’s offerings are more effective and higher quality than those of its competitors, current or potential customers may accept competitive solutions. If ChargePoint fails to adapt to changing market conditions or continue to compete successfully with current charging providers or new competitors, its growth will be limited which would adversely affect its business and results of operations.
Failure to effectively expand ChargePoint’s sales and marketing capabilities could harm its ability to increase its customer base and achieve broader market acceptance of its solutions.
ChargePoint’s ability to grow its customer base, achieve broader market acceptance, grow revenue, and achieve and sustain profitability will depend, to a significant extent, on its ability to effectively expand its sales and marketing operations and activities. Sales and marketing expenses represent a significant percentage of its total revenue, and its operating results will suffer if sales and marketing expenditures do not contribute significantly to increasing revenue.
ChargePoint is substantially dependent on its direct sales force to obtain new customers. ChargePoint plans to continue to expand its direct sales force both domestically and internationally but it may not be able to recruit and hire a sufficient number of sales personnel, which may adversely affect its ability to expand its sales capabilities. New hires require significant training and time before they achieve full productivity, particularly in new sales territories. Recent hires and planned hires may not become as productive as quickly as anticipated and ChargePoint may be unable to hire or retain sufficient numbers of qualified individuals. Furthermore, hiring sales personnel in new countries can be costly, complex and time-consuming, and requires additional set up and upfront costs that may be disproportionate to the initial revenue expected from those countries. There is significant competition for direct sales personnel with strong sales skills and technical knowledge. ChargePoint’s ability to achieve significant revenue growth in the future will depend, in large part, on its success in recruiting, training, incentivizing and retaining a sufficient number of qualified direct sales personnel and on such personnel attaining desired productivity levels within a reasonable amount of time. ChargePoint’s business will be harmed if continuing investment in its sales and marketing capabilities does not generate a significant increase in revenue.
ChargePoint faces risks related to health pandemics, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which could have a material and adverse effect on its business and results of operations.
The COVID-19 pandemic has created significant volatility in the global economy. Global trade conditions and consumer trends that have originated during the pandemic continue to persist and may have a long-lasting adverse impact on ChargePoint and its industry. For example, the pandemic has resulted in government authorities implementing numerous measures to try to contain the COVID-19 virus, such as travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, stay-at-home or shelter-in-place orders and business shutdowns. While these
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measures may be relaxed or revised in some areas, there is no guarantee these measures will not be reinstated or resumed due to additional variants of COVID-19 or the inability or ineffectiveness of public health measures to limit the further spread of COVID-19. These measures may adversely impact ChargePoint’s employees and operations and the operations of its customers, suppliers, vendors and business partners, and may negatively impact demand for EV charging stations, particularly at workplaces. These measures by government authorities, or the risks that the measures may be reinstated or resumed, may remain in place for a significant period of time and may adversely affect manufacturing and building plans, sales and marketing activities, business and results of operations.
During 2020, 2021, and continuing in 2022, ChargePoint modified its business practices by recommending that all non-essential personnel work from home and cancelling or reducing physical participation in sales activities, meetings, events and conferences. ChargePoint has also implemented additional safety protocols for workers and cost cutting measures to reduce operating costs. ChargePoint may take further actions as may be required by government authorities or that it determines are in the best interests of its employees, customers, suppliers, vendors and business partners, including acting to lift or re-impose initiatives. There is no certainty that such actions will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by the COVID-19 pandemic or otherwise be satisfactory to government authorities. If significant portions of ChargePoint’s workforce are unable to work effectively, including due to illness, quarantines, social distancing, government actions or other restrictions in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, its operations will be negatively impacted. Furthermore, if significant portions of ChargePoint’s customers’ or potential customers’ workforces are subject to stay-at-home orders or otherwise have substantial numbers of their employees working remotely for sustained periods of time, user demand for charging stations and services will decline. In addition, measures imposed by governments, may adversely impact ChargePoint’s employees and operations and the operations of its customers, suppliers, vendors and business partners, and may negatively impact demand for EV charging stations, particularly at workplaces.
As stated above, non-essential ChargePoint personnel have been working from home for almost two years in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, and although ChargePoint has commenced a “return-to-office” plan, which includes shifting to a hybrid model where employees have flexibility to work from home, ChargePoint has not yet set a return-to-office-date in light of the dynamic nature of the COVID-19 pandemic. A hybrid work model may create challenges, including challenges maintaining ChargePoint’s corporate culture, increasing attrition or limiting ChargePoint’s ability to attract employees if individuals prefer to continue working full time at home, or if there are instances of COVID-19 infections at the office. Future challenges related to ChargePoint’s “return-to-office” plans, hybrid work model or workplace practices could lead to attrition and difficulty attracting high-quality employees.
The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on ChargePoint’s business, prospects and results of operations will depend on the direction and duration of current global trends and their sustained impact. Difficult macroeconomic conditions, such as decreases in direct federal economic support, such as the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) , increased inflation, increased and prolonged unemployment or a decline in consumer confidence as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as reduced spending by businesses, could have a material adverse effect on the demand for ChargePoint’s products and services. The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic can also vary over time and across the geographies in which ChargePoint operates. For example, variations in work-from-home policies can cause fluctuations in revenues, and ChargePoint believes that people have not yet fully returned back to offices. The conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, such as more permanent work-from-home policies, are likely to continue affecting the rate of global infrastructure spending, and thus to continue to adversely impact ChargePoint’s gross margins as ChargePoint’s commercial business contributes higher margins than its residential and fleet businesses. Even after the COVID-19 pandemic has subsided, ChargePoint may continue to experience an adverse impact to its business as a result of its global economic impact, including any recession that has occurred or may occur in the future.
Supply chain disruptions, manufacturing interruptions or delays, or the failure to accurately forecast customer demand, could adversely affect ChargePoint’s ability to meet customer demand, lead to higher costs, and adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations. For example, supply chain challenges related to the COVID-19 pandemic and global chip shortages have impacted companies worldwide and may have adverse effects on ChargePoint suppliers and, as a result, ChargePoint.

ChargePoint depends on the timely supply of materials, services and related products to meet the demands of its customers, which depends in part on the timely delivery of materials and services from suppliers and contract manufacturers. Significant or sudden increases in demand for EV charging stations, as well as worldwide demand for the raw materials and services that ChargePoint requires to manufacture and sell EV charging stations, including component parts, may result in a shortage of such materials or may cause shipment delays due to transportation interruptions or capacity constraints. Such shortages or delays could adversely impact ChargePoint’s suppliers’ ability to meet ChargePoint’s demand requirements.

Disruptions in the manufacturing, delivery and overall supply chain of vehicle manufacturers and suppliers, such as exacerbated port congestion and intermittent supplier shutdowns and delays, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic have resulted in additional costs and, to a lesser extent, component shortages, and have led to fluctuations in EV sales in markets around the world. Increased demand for personal electronics and trade restrictions that affect raw materials have contributed to a shortfall of semiconductor chips, which has caused additional supply challenges both within and outside of ChargePoint’s industry. Ongoing supply chain challenges and heightened logistics costs have adversely affected ChargePoint’s gross margins in recent quarters and ChargePoint expects that gross margins will continue to be adversely affected by increased material costs and freight and logistic expenses for the foreseeable future. Costs incurred to expedite delivery of components used in charging stations or in providing installation or maintenance services or to proactively increase inventory could cause ChargePoint to raise its prices, impose surcharges or other fees or refuse to negotiate discounts. Further, any sustained downturn in demand for EVs would also harm ChargePoint’s business.
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ChargePoint may also experience significant interruptions of its manufacturing operations, delays in its ability to deliver products, or increased costs as a result of:
the failure or inability to accurately forecast demand and obtain sufficient quantities of quality raw materials on a cost-effective basis; volatility in the availability and cost of materials or services, including rising prices due to inflation;
shipment delays due to transportation interruptions or capacity constraints, such as reduced availability of air or ground transport or port closures;
information technology or infrastructure failures, including those of a third party supplier or service provider;
difficulties or delays in obtaining required import or export approvals;
natural disasters or other events beyond ChargePoint’s control (such as earthquakes, utility interruptions, tsunamis, hurricanes, typhoons, floods, storms or extreme weather conditions, fires, regional economic downturns, regional or global health epidemics, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic); and
geopolitical turmoil, including the ongoing invasion of the Ukraine by Russia or increased trade restrictions between the United States, Russia, China and other countries, social unrest, political instability, terrorism, or other acts of war which may further adversely impact supply chains, shipping, transportation and logistics disruptions.
As more fully discussed in the risk factor “Risks Related to ChargePoint’s Business - ChargePoint faces risks related to health pandemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic, which could have a material and adverse effect on its business and results of operations”, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and measures taken in response by governments and businesses worldwide to contain its spread, including quarantines, facility closures, travel and logistics restrictions, border controls, and shelter in place or stay at home and social distancing orders, have adversely impacted and may continue to adversely impact ChargePoint’s supply chain, manufacturing, logistics, workforce and operations, as well as the operations of its customers and suppliers globally. In addition, while ChargePoint has not yet experienced a direct impact to its supply chain due to the conflict between Russia and the Ukraine, ChargePoint may experience an impact in the future due to increased fuel and shipping costs, limited supply of components or parts used by ChargePoint in its manufacturing process, or the automotive industry in general, and delays caused by changes to global shipping routes and logistics. Such adverse impacts on ChargePoint’s supply chain could limit its ability to manufacture and sell its products on a timely and cost-effective basis and adversely affect its gross margins, which could materially adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations.
ChargePoint relies on a limited number of suppliers and manufacturers for its charging stations. A loss of any of these partners could negatively affect its business.
ChargePoint relies on a limited number of suppliers to manufacture its charging stations, including in some cases only a single supplier for some products and components. This reliance on a limited number of manufacturers increases ChargePoint’s risks, since it does not currently have proven reliable alternatives or replacement manufacturers beyond these key parties. In the event of interruption, including or resulting in a sudden failure by a supplier to meet its obligation, ChargePoint may not be able to increase capacity from other sources or develop alternate or secondary sources without incurring material additional costs and substantial delays. Thus, ChargePoint’s business could be adversely affected if one or more of its suppliers is impacted by any interruption at a particular location.
If ChargePoint experiences a significant increase in demand for its charging stations in future periods, or if it needs to replace an existing supplier, it may not be possible to supplement or replace them on acceptable terms, which may undermine its ability to deliver products to customers in a timely manner. For example, it may take a significant amount of time to identify a manufacturer that has the capability and resources to build charging stations in sufficient volume. Identifying suitable suppliers and manufacturers could be an extensive process that requires ChargePoint to become satisfied with their quality control, technical capabilities, responsiveness and service, financial stability, regulatory compliance, and labor and other ethical practices. Accordingly, a loss of any significant suppliers or manufacturers could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business, financial condition and operating results. In addition, ChargePoint’s suppliers may face supply chain risks and constraints of their own, which may impact the availability and pricing of its products. For example, supply chain challenges related to the COVID-19 pandemic discussed above and the global chip shortages that have impacted companies worldwide both within and outside of ChargePoint’s industry may have adverse effects on its suppliers and, as a result, ChargePoint.
In addition, in fiscal year 2022, ChargePoint became subject to requirements under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) to diligence, disclose and report whether or not its products contain minerals originating from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and adjoining countries, or conflict minerals. ChargePoint will incur additional costs to comply with these disclosure requirements, including costs related to determining the source of any of the relevant minerals and metals used in ChargePoint’s products. These requirements could adversely affect the sourcing, availability and pricing of minerals used in the components used in ChargePoint’s products. It is also possible that ChargePoint’s reputation may be adversely affected if it determines that certain of its products contain minerals not determined to be conflict-free or if it is unable to alter its products, processes or sources of supply to avoid use of such materials. ChargePoint may also encounter end-customers who require that all of the
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components of the products be certified as conflict free. If ChargePoint is not able to meet this requirement, such end-customers may choose to purchase products from a different company.
ChargePoint’s business is subject to risks associated with construction, cost overruns and delays, and other contingencies that may arise in the course of completing installations, and such risks may increase in the future as ChargePoint expands the scope of such services with other parties.
ChargePoint does not typically install charging stations at customer sites. These installations are typically performed by ChargePoint partners or electrical contractors with an existing relationship with the customer and/or knowledge of the site. The installation of charging stations at a particular site is generally subject to oversight and regulation in accordance with state and local laws and ordinances relating to building codes, safety, environmental protection and related matters, and typically requires various local and other governmental approvals and permits that may vary by jurisdiction. In addition, building codes, accessibility requirements or regulations may hinder EV charger installation because they end up costing the developer or installer more in order to meet the code requirements. Meaningful delays or cost overruns may impact ChargePoint’s recognition of revenue in certain cases and/or impact customer relationships, either of which could impact ChargePoint’s business and profitability.
Furthermore, ChargePoint may in the future elect to install charging stations at customer sites or manage contractors, likely as part of offering customers a turnkey solution. Working with contractors may require ChargePoint to obtain licenses or require it or its customers to comply with additional rules, working conditions and other union requirements, which can add costs and complexity to an installation project. In addition, if these contractors are unable to provide timely, thorough and quality installation-related services, customers could fall behind their construction schedules leading to liability to ChargePoint or cause customers to become dissatisfied with the solutions ChargePoint offers and ChargePoint’s overall reputation would be harmed.
Acquisitions or strategic investments could be difficult to identify and integrate, divert the attention of key management personnel, disrupt ChargePoint’s business, dilute stockholder value and adversely affect its results of operations and financial condition.
As part of ChargePoint’s business strategy, ChargePoint has made and continues to consider making acquisitions of, or investments in, businesses, services or technologies that are complementary to its existing business. For example, on August 11, 2021, ChargePoint acquired ViriCiti, a provider of electrification solutions for eBus and commercial fleets, and on October 6, 2021, ChargePoint acquired has•to•be, an e-mobility and charging software platform. The process of identifying and consummating acquisitions, investments and the subsequent integration of new assets and businesses into ChargePoint’s own business, requires attention from management and could result in a diversion of resources from its existing business, which in turn could have an adverse effect on its operations. Acquired assets or businesses may not generate the expected financial results. Acquisitions or investments could also result in the use of cash, potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, the occurrence of goodwill impairment charges, amortization expenses for other intangible assets and exposure to potential unknown liabilities of the acquired business or investment. ChargePoint may also incur costs and management time on transactions that are ultimately not completed. In addition, ChargePoint’s due diligence may fail to identify all of the problems, liabilities or other shortcomings or challenges of an acquired business, product, technology or investment, including issues related to intellectual property, product quality or product architecture, regulatory compliance practices, revenue recognition or other accounting practices or issues with employees or customers.
ChargePoint’s acquisitions or investments may not ultimately strengthen its competitive position or achieve its goals and business strategy; ChargePoint may be subject to claims or liabilities assumed from an acquired company, product or technology; acquisitions or investments ChargePoint completes could be viewed negatively by its customers, investors and securities analysts; and ChargePoint may incur costs and expenses necessary to address an acquired company’s failure to comply with laws and governmental rules and regulations. Additionally, ChargePoint may be subject to litigation or other claims in connection with the acquired company, including claims from terminated employees, former stockholders or other third parties, which may differ from or be more significant than the risks ChargePoint’s business faces. An acquired company may also need to implement or improve its controls, procedures and policies, and ChargePoint may face risks associated if any of those controls, procedures or policies are insufficiently effective. ChargePoint may also face retention or cultural challenges associated with integrating employees from the acquired company into its organization. If ChargePoint is unsuccessful at integrating acquisitions or investments, in a timely manner, the revenue and operating results of the combined company could be adversely affected. Any integration process may require significant time and resources, which may disrupt ChargePoint’s ongoing business and divert management’s attention, and ChargePoint may not be able to manage the integration process successfully or in a timely manner. ChargePoint may not successfully evaluate or utilize the acquired technology or personnel, realize anticipated synergies from the acquisition or investment, or accurately forecast the financial impact of an acquisition or investment transaction or the related integration of such acquisition or investment, including accounting charges and any potential impairment of goodwill and intangible assets recognized in connection with such transaction. ChargePoint may have to pay cash, incur debt, or issue equity or equity-linked securities to pay for any acquisitions or investments, each of which could adversely affect its financial condition or the market price of its Common Stock. Furthermore, the sale of equity or issuance of equity-linked debt to finance any such transaction could result in dilution to ChargePoint’s stockholders. The occurrence of any of these risks could harm ChargePoint’s business, operating results and financial condition.
If ChargePoint is unable to attract and retain key employees and hire qualified management, technical, engineering and sales personnel, its ability to compete and successfully grow its business would be harmed.
ChargePoint’s success depends, in part, on its continuing ability to identify, hire, attract, train and develop and retain highly qualified personnel. The inability to do so effectively would adversely affect its business. ChargePoint’s future performance also depends on the continued services and continuing contributions of its senior management to execute on its business plan and to identify and
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pursue new opportunities and product innovations. The loss of services of senior management, or the ineffective management of any leadership transitions, especially within ChargePoint’s sales organization, could significantly delay or prevent the achievement of its development and strategic objectives, which could adversely affect its business, financial condition and operating results.
Competition for employees can be intense, particularly in Silicon Valley where ChargePoint is headquartered, and the ability to attract, hire and retain them depends on ChargePoint’s ability to provide competitive compensation. In addition, job market dynamics have been impacted by the “great resignation,” with a significant number of people leaving the workforce, and future challenges related to ChargePoint’s “return-to-office” plans, hybrid work model or workplace practices could lead to attrition and difficulty attracting high-quality employees. ChargePoint may not be able to attract, assimilate, develop or retain qualified personnel in the future, and failure to do so could adversely affect its business, including the execution of its global business strategy.
ChargePoint is expanding operations internationally, particularly in Europe, which will expose it to additional tax, compliance, market and other risks.
ChargePoint’s primary operations are in the United States and it maintains contractual relationships with parts and manufacturing suppliers in Asia, Mexico and other locations. Also, ChargePoint is continuing to invest to increase its presence in Europe, including its acquisitions of ViriCiti and has•to•be, and to expand primarily research and development teams in Gurgaon, India, Reading, England and Radstadt, Austria. Managing these expansions requires additional resources and controls, and could subject ChargePoint to risks associated with international operations, including:
cost of alternative power sources, which could vary meaningfully outside the United States;
conformity with applicable business customs, including translation into foreign languages and associated expenses;
lack of availability of government incentives and subsidies;
challenges in arranging, and availability of, financing for customers;
potential changes to its established business model;
difficulties in staffing and managing foreign operations in an environment of diverse culture, laws, and customers, and the increased travel, infrastructure, and legal and compliance costs associated with international operations;
installation challenges;
differing driving habits and transportation modalities in other markets;
different levels of demand among commercial, fleet and residential customers;
compliance with multiple, potentially conflicting and changing governmental laws, regulations, certifications, and permitting processes including environmental, banking, employment, tax, information security, privacy, and data protection laws and regulations such as the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) and newer state privacy laws in the United States including in Virginia and Colorado, the European Union (the “EU”) General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), national legislation implementing the same and changing requirements for legally transferring data out of the European Economic Area;
compliance with U.S. and foreign anti-bribery laws including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) and the U.K. Anti-Bribery Act of 2020 (the “Anti-Bribery Act”);
conforming products to various international regulatory and safety requirements as well as charging and other electric infrastructures;
difficulty in establishing, staffing and managing foreign operations;
difficulties in collecting payments in foreign currencies and associated foreign currency exposure;
restrictions on repatriation of earnings;
compliance with potentially conflicting and changing laws of taxing jurisdictions and compliance with applicable U.S. tax laws as they relate to international operations, the complexity and adverse consequences of such tax laws, and potentially adverse tax consequences due to changes in such tax laws; and
regional economic and political conditions, including the outbreak of war or other hostilities.
As a result of these risks, ChargePoint’s current expansion efforts and any potential future international expansion efforts may not be successful.
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Some members of ChargePoint’s management have limited experience in operating a public company.
Some of ChargePoint’s executive officers have limited experience in the management of a publicly-traded company. The management team may not successfully or effectively continue the management of a public company that is subject to significant regulatory oversight and reporting obligations under federal securities laws, particularly in light of the SEC’s increasing focus on former shell companies.
Their limited experience in dealing with the increasingly complex laws pertaining to public companies could be a significant disadvantage in that it is likely that an increasing amount of their time may be devoted to these activities, which will result in less time being devoted to the management and growth of ChargePoint. ChargePoint may not have adequate personnel with the appropriate level of knowledge, experience and training in the accounting policies, practices or internal control over financial reporting required of public companies. The development and implementation of the standards and controls and the hiring of experienced personnel necessary to achieve the level of accounting standards required of a public company may require costs greater than expected.
ChargePoint’s future revenue growth will depend in significant part on its ability to increase sales of its products and services to fleet operators.
ChargePoint’s future revenue growth will depend in significant part on its ability to increase sales of its products and services to fleet operators. The electrification of fleets is an emerging market, and fleet operators may not adopt EVs on a widespread basis and on the timelines ChargePoint anticipates. In addition to the factors affecting the growth of the EV market generally, transitioning to an EV fleet can be costly and capital intensive, which could result in slower than anticipated adoption. The sales cycle could also be longer for sales to fleet operators, as they are often larger organizations, with more formal procurement processes than smaller commercial site hosts. Fleet operators may also require significant additional services and support, and if ChargePoint is unable to provide such services and support, it may adversely affect its ability to attract additional fleet operators as customers. Any failure to attract and retain fleet operators as customers in the future would adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations.

ChargePoint is highly reliant on its networked charging solution and information technology systems and data, and those of its service providers which may be subject to cyber-attacks, service disruptions or other security incidents, which could result in data breaches, loss or interruption of services, intellectual property theft, claims, litigation, regulatory investigations, significant liability, reputational damage and other adverse consequences.

ChargePoint continues to expand its information technology systems in the form of its networked charging solution, and as its operations grow its internal information technology systems, such as product data management, procurement, inventory management, production planning and execution, sales, service and logistics, financial, tax and regulatory compliance systems. This includes the implementation of new internally developed systems and the deployment of such systems in the United States and abroad. While ChargePoint maintains information technology measures designed to protect it against intellectual property theft, data breaches, sabotage and other external or internal cyber-attacks or misappropriation, its systems and those of its service providers are potentially vulnerable to malware, ransomware, viruses, denial-of-service attacks, phishing attacks, social engineering, computer hacking, unauthorized access, exploitation of bugs, defects and vulnerabilities, breakdowns, damage, interruptions, system malfunctions, power outages, terrorism, acts of vandalism, security breaches, security incidents, inadvertent or intentional actions by employees or other third parties, and other cyber-attacks. To the extent any security incident results in unauthorized access or damage to or acquisition, use, corruption, loss, destruction, alteration or dissemination of ChargePoint data, including intellectual property and personal information, or ChargePoint products, or for it to be believed or reported that any of these occurred, it could disrupt ChargePoint’s business, harm its reputation, compel it to comply with applicable data breach notification laws, subject it to time consuming, distracting and expensive litigation, regulatory investigation and oversight, mandatory corrective action, require it to verify the correctness of database contents, or otherwise subject it to liability under laws, regulations and contractual obligations, including those that protect the privacy and security of personal information. This could result in increased costs to ChargePoint and result in significant legal and financial exposure and/or reputational harm.

Because ChargePoint also relies on third-party service providers, it cannot guarantee that its service providers’ and component suppliers’ systems have not been breached or that they do not contain exploitable defects, bugs, or vulnerabilities that could result in a security incident, or other disruption to, ChargePoint’s or ChargePoint’s service providers’ or component suppliers’ systems. ChargePoint’s ability to monitor its service providers’ and component suppliers’ security measures is limited, and, in any event, malicious third parties may be able to circumvent those security measures. Further, the implementation, maintenance, segregation and improvement of these systems require significant management time, support and cost, and there are inherent risks associated with developing, improving and expanding ChargePoint’s core systems as well as implementing new systems and updating current systems, including disruptions to the related areas of business operation. These risks may affect ChargePoint’s ability to manage its data and inventory, procure parts or supplies or manufacture, sell, deliver and service products, adequately protect its intellectual property or achieve and maintain compliance with, or realize available benefits under, tax laws and other applicable regulations.

If ChargePoint does not successfully implement, maintain or expand its information technology systems as planned, its operations may be disrupted, its ability to accurately and/or timely report its financial results could be impaired and deficiencies may
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arise in its internal control over financial reporting, which may impact its ability to certify its financial results (see also “Risks Related to Legal Matters and Regulations-ChargePoint may face litigation and other risks as a result of the material weakness in its internal control over financial reporting and the restatement of its financial statements,” and “Financial, Tax and Accounting-Related Risks -ChargePoint has identified material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting. If ChargePoint is unable to remediate these material weaknesses, or if ChargePoint identifies additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fails to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, this may result in material misstatements of ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements or cause ChargePoint to fail to meet its periodic reporting obligations,” for more detail). Moreover, ChargePoint’s proprietary information, including intellectual property and personal information, could be compromised or misappropriated and its reputation may be adversely affected if these systems or their functionality do not operate as expected and ChargePoint may be required to expend significant resources to make corrections or find alternative sources for performing these functions.
Computer malware, viruses, ransomware, hacking, phishing attacks and similar disruptions could result in security and privacy breaches and interruption in service, which could harm ChargePoint’s business.
Computer malware, viruses, physical or electronic break-ins and similar disruptions could lead to interruption and delays in ChargePoint’s services and operations and loss, misuse or theft of data. Computer malware, viruses, ransomware, hacking and phishing attacks against online networks have become more prevalent and may occur on ChargePoint’s systems in the future. Cyber security organizations in many countries have published warnings of increased cybersecurity threats to U.S. businesses, and external events, like the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, may increase the likelihood of cybersecurity attacks, particularly directed at energy, fueling or infrastructure service providers. Any attempts by cyber attackers to disrupt ChargePoint’s services or systems, if successful, could harm its business, introduce liability to data subjects, result in the misappropriation of funds, be expensive to remedy, subject ChargePoint to substantial fines, penalties, damages and other liabilities under applicable laws and regulations, lead to a loss of protection of its intellectual property or trade secrets and damage its reputation or brand. Insurance may not be sufficient to cover significant expenses and losses related to cyber-attacks. Efforts to prevent cyber attackers from entering computer systems are expensive to implement, and ChargePoint may not be able to cause the implementation or enforcement of such preventions with respect to its third-party vendors. Though it is difficult to determine what, if any, harm may directly result from any specific interruption or attack, any failure to maintain performance, reliability, security and availability of systems and technical infrastructure may, in addition to other losses, harm ChargePoint’s reputation, brand and ability to attract customers.
ChargePoint has previously experienced, and may in the future experience, service disruptions, outages and other performance problems due to a variety of factors, including infrastructure changes, third-party service providers, component supplier and manufacturer disruptions, human or software errors and capacity constraints. If ChargePoint’s services are unavailable when users attempt to access them, they may seek other services, which could reduce demand for its solutions from target customers.
ChargePoint has processes and procedures in place designed to enable it to quickly recover from a disaster or catastrophe and continue business operations and has tested this capability under controlled circumstances. However, there are several factors ranging from human error to data corruption that could materially impact the efficacy of such processes and procedures, including by lengthening the time services are partially or fully unavailable to customers and users. It may be difficult or impossible to perform some or all recovery steps and continue normal business operations due to the nature of a particular disaster or catastrophe, especially during peak periods, which could cause additional reputational damages, or loss of revenue, any of which could adversely affect its business and financial results.
Seasonality may cause fluctuations in ChargePoint’s revenue.
ChargePoint believes there are seasonal factors that may cause ChargePoint to record higher revenue in some quarters compared with others. A significant share of ChargePoint’s annual revenues are typically generated in the fourth fiscal quarter, which coincides with customers with a December 31 year-end choosing to spend remaining unused portions of their budgets. ChargePoint’s revenues are typically lower in its fiscal first quarter than its preceding fourth quarter, due to unfavorable weather conditions which result in a decrease in construction activity during the winter months, periods of wet weather and times when other weather and climate conditions would impair construction activity. While ChargePoint believes it has visibility into the seasonality of its business, various factors, including difficult weather conditions (such as flooding, hurricanes, prolonged rain or periods of unseasonably cold or snowstorms) in any quarter, may materially and adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations.
ChargePoint’s headquarters and other facilities are located in an active earthquake zone; an earthquake or other types of natural disasters or resource shortages, including public safety power shut-offs that have occurred and may continue to occur in California, could disrupt and harm its operations and those of ChargePoint’s customers.
ChargePoint conducts a majority of its operations in the San Francisco Bay area in an active earthquake zone. The occurrence of a natural disaster such as an earthquake, drought, flood, fire (such as the recent extensive wildfires in California), localized extended outages of critical utilities (such as California’s public safety power shut-offs) or transportation systems, or any critical resource shortages could cause a significant interruption in its business, damage or destroy its facilities or inventories, and cause it to incur
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significant costs, any of which could harm its business, financial condition and results of operations. The insurance ChargePoint maintains against fires, earthquakes and other natural disasters may not be adequate to cover losses in any particular case.
In addition, rolling public safety power shut offs in California or other states can affect user acceptance of EVs, as charging may be unavailable at the desired times, or at all during these events. These shut offs could also affect the ability of fleet operators to charge their EVs, which, for example, could adversely affect transportation schedules or any service level agreements to which either ChargePoint or the fleet operator may be a party. If these events persist, the demand for EVs could decline, which would result in reduced demand for charging solutions.
Risks Related to the EV Market
ChargePoint’s future growth and success is highly correlated with and thus dependent upon the continuing rapid adoption of EVs for passenger and fleet applications.
ChargePoint’s future growth is highly dependent upon the adoption of EVs by businesses and consumers. The market for EVs is still rapidly evolving, characterized by rapidly changing technologies, competitive pricing and competitive factors, evolving government regulation and industry standards and changing consumer demands and behaviors, changing levels of concern related to environmental issues and governmental initiatives related to energy independence, climate change and the environment generally. Although demand for EVs has grown in recent years, there is no guarantee of continuing future demand. If the market for EVs develops more slowly than expected, or if demand for EVs decreases, ChargePoint’s business, prospects, financial condition and operating results would be harmed. The market for EVs could be affected by numerous factors, such as:
perceptions about EV features, quality, safety, performance and cost;
perceptions about the limited range over which EVs may be driven on a single battery charge;
competition, including from other types of alternative fuel vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and high fuel-economy internal combustion engine vehicles;
volatility in the cost of oil and gasoline, including as a result of trade restrictions;
concerns regarding the stability of the electrical grid;
the decline of an EV battery’s ability to hold a charge over time;
availability of service for EVs;
consumers’ perception about the convenience and cost of charging EVs;
increases in fuel efficiency;
government regulations and economic incentives, including adverse changes in, or expiration of, favorable tax incentives related to EVs, EV charging stations or decarbonization generally;
relaxation of government mandates or quotas regarding the sale of EVs; and
concerns about the future viability of EV manufacturers.
In addition, sales of vehicles in the automotive industry can be cyclical, which may affect growth in acceptance of EVs. It is uncertain how macroeconomic factors will impact demand for EVs, particularly since they can be more expensive than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles, when the automotive industry globally has been experiencing a recent decline in sales. Furthermore, because fleet operators often make large purchases of EVs, this cyclicality and volatility in the automotive industry may be more pronounced with commercial purchasers, and any significant decline in demand from these customers could reduce demand for EV charging and ChargePoint’s products and services in particular.
Demand for EVs may also be affected by factors directly impacting automobile prices or the cost of purchasing and operating automobiles, such as sales and financing incentives, prices of raw materials and parts and components, cost of fuel and governmental regulations, including tariffs, import regulation and other taxes. Further, the automotive industry in general and EV manufacturing have experienced substantial supply chain interruption due to COVID-19 and a worldwide semiconductor shortage adversely impacting the automotive industry in 2020 and 2021, resulting in reduced EV production schedules and sales. Volatility in demand or delays in EV production due to global supply chain constraints may lead to lower vehicle unit sales, which may result in reduced demand for EV charging solutions and therefore adversely affect ChargePoint’s business, financial condition and operating results.
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The EV market currently benefits from the availability of rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives from governments, utilities and others to offset the purchase or operating cost of EVs and EV charging stations. In particular, ChargePoint’s marketing efforts have heavily relied upon federal tax credits available to purchasers of its EV charging stations that effectively provide purchasers with a significantly discounted purchase price. The reduction, modification, or elimination of such benefits could cause reduced demand for EVs and EV charging stations, which would adversely affect ChargePoint’s financial results.
The U.S. federal government, foreign governments and some state and local governments provide incentives to end users and purchasers of EVs and EV charging stations in the form of rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives, such as payments for regulatory credits. The EV market relies on these governmental rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives to significantly lower the effective price of EVs and EV charging stations to customers. For example, the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act signed into law on November 15, 2021 would provide additional funding for EVs and EV charging infrastructure through the creation of new programs and grants and the expansion of existing programs, including $7.5 billion for EV charging along highway corridors. However, these incentives may expire on a particular date, end when the allocated funding is exhausted, or be reduced or terminated as a matter of regulatory or legislative policy. In particular, ChargePoint has benefited from the availability of federal tax credits to purchasers under Section 30C of the Code to market its EV charging stations, which can effectively provide such purchasers with up to a 30% discount off the purchase price of ChargePoint’s EV charging stations.The credits under Section 30C of the Code were allowed to expire by Congress on December 31, 2021, and there can be no assurance that the credits under Section 30C of the Code will be extended or made retroactively effective under any other clean energy bill or incentive. Any other reduction in rebates, tax credits or other financial incentives for EV charging stations could materially reduce the demand for EVs and ChargePoint’s solutions and, as a result, may adversely impact ChargePoint’s business and expansion potential.
ChargePoint also derives other revenue from regulatory credits. If government support of these credits declines, ChargePoint’s ability to generate this other revenue in the future would be adversely affected. In years prior to fiscal year 2021, ChargePoint has derived a slight majority of its other revenue from regulatory credits. However, revenue from this source as a percentage of other and total revenue has declined in recent quarters and it may continue to decline over time. Further, the availability of such credits may decline even with general governmental support of the transition to EV infrastructure. For example, in September 2020, California Governor Gavin Newsom issued Executive Order N-79-20 (the “EO”), announcing a target for all in-state sales of new passenger cars and trucks to be zero-emission by 2035. While the EO calls for the support of EV infrastructure, the form of this support is unclear. If California or other jurisdictions choose to adopt regulatory mandates instead of establishing or continuing green energy credit regimes for EV infrastructure, ChargePoint’s revenue from these credits would be adversely impacted.
Changes to fuel economy standards or the success of alternative fuels may negatively impact the EV market and thus the demand for ChargePoint’s products and services.
As regulatory initiatives have required an increase in the mileage capabilities of cars, consumption of renewable transportation fuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, and consumer acceptance of EVs and other alternative vehicles has been increasing. If fuel efficiency of non-electric vehicles continues to rise, whether as the result of regulations or otherwise, and affordability of vehicles using renewable transportation fuels improves, the demand for electric and high energy vehicles could diminish. In addition, the EV fueling model is different than gas or other fuel models, requiring behavior change and education of influencers, consumers and others such as regulatory bodies. Developments in alternative technologies, such as advanced diesel, ethanol, fuel cells or compressed natural gas, or improvements in the fuel economy of the internal combustion engine, may materially and adversely affect demand for EVs and EV charging stations. For example, fuel which is abundant and relatively inexpensive in the United States, such as compressed natural gas, may emerge as a preferred alternative to petroleum-based propulsion. Regulatory bodies may also adopt rules that substantially favor certain alternatives to petroleum-based propulsion over others, which may not necessarily be EVs, or may adopt rules to eliminate, modify or reduce penalties or incentives to maintain minimum fuel economy standards. Any of these changes may impose additional obstacles to the purchase of EVs or the development of a more ubiquitous EV market. If any of the above cause or contribute to consumers or businesses to no longer purchase EVs or purchase them at a lower rate, it would materially and adversely affect ChargePoint’s business, operating results, financial condition and prospects.
The EV charging market is characterized by rapid technological changes often due to technical improvements, regulatory requirements and customer requirements, which requires ChargePoint to continue to develop new products and product innovations. Any delays in such development could adversely affect market adoption of its products and ChargePoint’s financial results.
Continuing technological changes in battery and other EV technologies could adversely affect adoption of current EV charging technology and/or ChargePoint’s products. ChargePoint’s future success will depend upon its ability to develop and introduce a variety of new capabilities and innovations to its existing product offerings, as well as introduce a variety of new product offerings, to address the changing needs of the EV charging market. As new products are introduced, gross margins tend to decline in the near term and improve as the product becomes more mature with a more efficient manufacturing process.
As EV technologies change or governmental regulations impose new requirements on EV charging technology, ChargePoint may need to upgrade or adapt its charging station technology and introduce new products and services in order to serve vehicles that have the latest technology, in particular battery cell technology, or comply with new governmental regulations, which could involve substantial costs. Even if ChargePoint is able to keep pace with changes in technology and develop new products and services, its research and development expenses could increase, its gross margins could be adversely affected in some periods and its prior products could become obsolete or non-compliant with governmental regulations more quickly than expected. ChargePoint cannot guarantee that any new
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products will be released in a timely manner, or at all, or achieve market acceptance. Delays in delivering new products that meet customer requirements could damage ChargePoint’s relationships with customers and lead them to seek alternative providers. Delays in introducing products and innovations or the failure to offer innovative products or services at competitive prices may cause existing and potential customers to purchase ChargePoint’s competitors’ products or services. Finally, new or changing state or federal regulations may result in delays related to the development of new products or modifications to existing products in order to come into compliance and any such delays may result in customer’s selecting alternative providers or result in delays related to ChargePoint’s ability to install, sell or distribute its charging station technology.
If ChargePoint is unable to devote adequate resources to develop products or cannot otherwise successfully develop products or services that meet customer and regulatory requirements on a timely basis or that remain competitive with technological alternatives, its products and services could lose market share, its revenue may decline, it may experience higher operating losses and its business and prospects may be adversely affected.
Certain statements ChargePoint makes about estimates of market opportunity and forecasts of market growth may prove to be inaccurate.
From time to time, ChargePoint makes statements with estimates of the addressable market for ChargePoint’s solutions and the EV market in general. Market opportunity estimates and growth forecasts, whether obtained from third-party sources or developed internally, are subject to significant uncertainty and are based on assumptions and estimates that may prove to be inaccurate. This is especially so at the present time due to the uncertain and rapidly changing projections of the severity, magnitude and duration of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, worldwide supply chain disruptions and market and geopolitical volatility. The estimates and forecasts relating to the size and expected growth of the target EV market, market demand and adoption, capacity to address this demand and pricing may also prove to be inaccurate. In particular, estimates regarding the current and projected EV market opportunity are difficult to predict. The estimated addressable EV market may not materialize for many years, if ever, and even if the markets meet the size estimates and growth forecasts, ChargePoint’s business could fail to grow at similar rates.
Risks Related to ChargePoint’s Technology, Intellectual Property and Infrastructure
ChargePoint expects to incur research and development costs and devote significant resources to developing new products, which could significantly reduce its profitability and may never result in revenue to ChargePoint.
ChargePoint’s future growth depends on penetrating new markets, adapting existing products to new applications and customer requirements, and introducing new products that achieve market acceptance. ChargePoint plans to incur significant research and development costs in the future as part of its efforts to design, develop, manufacture and introduce new products and enhance existing products. ChargePoint’s research and development expenses were $145.0 million, $75.0 million, and $69.5 million during the fiscal years ended January 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and are likely to grow in the future. Further, ChargePoint’s research and development program may not produce successful results, and its new products may not achieve market acceptance, create additional revenue or become profitable.
ChargePoint may need to defend against intellectual property infringement or misappropriation claims, which may be time-consuming and expensive.
From time to time, the holders of intellectual property rights may assert their rights and urge ChargePoint to take licenses, and/or may bring suits alleging infringement, misappropriation or other violation of such rights. There can be no assurance that ChargePoint will be able to mitigate the risk of potential suits or other legal demands by competitors or other third-parties. Accordingly, ChargePoint may consider entering into licensing agreements with respect to such rights, although no assurance can be given that such licenses can be obtained on acceptable terms or that litigation will not occur, and such licenses and associated litigation could significantly increase ChargePoint’s operating expenses. In addition, if ChargePoint is determined to have or believes there is a high likelihood that it has infringed upon, misappropriated or otherwise violated a third-party’s intellectual property rights, it may be required to cease making, selling or incorporating certain key components or intellectual property into the products and services it offers, to pay substantial damages and/or royalties, to redesign its products and services, and/or to establish and maintain alternative branding. In addition, to the extent that ChargePoint’s customers and business partners become the subject of any allegation or claim regarding the infringement, misappropriation or other violation of intellectual property rights related to ChargePoint’s products and services, ChargePoint may be required to indemnify such customers and business partners. If ChargePoint were required to take one or more such actions, its business, prospects, operating results and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected. In addition, any litigation or claims, whether or not valid, could result in substantial costs, negative publicity and diversion of resources and management attention.
ChargePoint’s business may be adversely affected if it is unable to protect its technology and intellectual property from unauthorized use by third parties.
ChargePoint’s success depends, at least in part, on ChargePoint’s ability to obtain, maintain, enforce and protect its core technology and intellectual property. To accomplish this, ChargePoint relies on, and plans to continue relying on, a combination of patents, trade secrets (including know-how), employee and third-party nondisclosure agreements, copyright, trademarks, intellectual property licenses and other contractual rights to retain ownership of, and protect, its technology. Despite ChargePoint’s efforts to obtain, maintain, enforce and protect intellectual property rights, there can be no assurance that these steps will be available in all cases or will
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be adequate to prevent ChargePoint’s competitors or other third-parties from copying, reverse engineering, or otherwise obtaining and using its technology or products or seeking court declarations that they do not infringe, misappropriate or otherwise violate its intellectual property. Failure to adequately protect its technology and intellectual property could result in competitors offering similar products, potentially resulting in the loss of some of ChargePoint’s competitive advantage and a decrease in revenue which would adversely affect its business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.
The measures ChargePoint takes to protect its technology intellectual property from unauthorized use by others may not be effective for various reasons, including the following:
any patent applications ChargePoint submits may not result in the issuance of patents;
the scope of issued patents may not be broad enough to protect its inventions and proprietary rights;
any issued patents may be challenged by competitors and/or invalidated by courts or governmental authorities;
ChargePoint may not be the first inventor of the subject matter to which it has filed a particular patent application, and it may not be the first party to file such a patent application;
Patents have a finite term, and competitors and other third-parties may offer identical or similar products after the expiration of ChargePoint’s patents that cover such products;
the costs associated with enforcing patents, confidentiality and invention agreements or other intellectual property rights may make aggressive enforcement impracticable;
current and future competitors may circumvent patents or independently develop similar trade secrets or works of authorship, such as software;
know-how and other proprietary information ChargePoint purports to hold as a trade secret may not qualify as a trade secret under applicable laws;
ChargePoint’s employees, contractors or business partners may breach their confidentiality, non-disclosure, and non-use obligations; and
proprietary designs and technology embodied in ChargePoint’s products may be discoverable by third-parties through means that do not constitute violations of applicable laws.
Patent, trademark, and trade secret laws vary significantly throughout the world. Some foreign countries do not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent as do the laws of the United States. Further, policing the unauthorized use of its intellectual property in foreign jurisdictions may be difficult or impossible. Therefore, ChargePoint’s intellectual property rights may not be as strong or as easily enforced outside of the United States.
Certain patents in the EV space may come to be considered “standards essential.” If this is the case with respect to any of ChargePoint’s patents, it may be required to license certain technology on “fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory” terms, decreasing revenue. Further, competitors, vendors, or customers may, in certain instances, be free to create variations or derivative works of ChargePoint technology and intellectual property, and those derivative works may become directly competitive with ChargePoint’s offerings. Finally, ChargePoint may not be able to leverage, or obtain ownership of, all technology and intellectual property developed by ChargePoint’s vendors in connection with design and manufacture of ChargePoint’s products, thereby jeopardizing ChargePoint’s ability to obtain a competitive advantage over its competitors.
It is ChargePoint’s policy to enter into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with its employees and contractors that have developed material intellectual property for ChargePoint, but these agreements may not be self-executing and may not otherwise adequately protect ChargePoint’s intellectual property, particularly with respect to conflicts of ownership relating to work product generated by employees and contractors. Furthermore, ChargePoint cannot be certain that these agreements will not be breached, and that third-parties will not gain access to its trade secrets, know-how and other proprietary technology. Third-parties may also independently develop the same or substantially similar proprietary technology. Monitoring unauthorized use of ChargePoint’s intellectual property is difficult and costly, as are the steps ChargePoint has taken or will take to prevent misappropriation.
To prevent unauthorized use of ChargePoint’s intellectual property, it may be necessary to prosecute actions for infringement, misappropriation or other violation of ChargePoint’s intellectual property against third-parties. Any such action could result in significant costs and diversion of ChargePoint’s resources and management’s attention, and there can be no assurance that ChargePoint will be successful in any such action. Furthermore, many of ChargePoint’s current and potential competitors have the ability to dedicate substantially greater resources to enforce their intellectual property rights than ChargePoint does. Accordingly, despite its efforts, ChargePoint may not be able to prevent third-parties from infringing, misappropriating or otherwise violating its intellectual property. Any of the foregoing may adversely affect ChargePoint’s revenues or results of operations.
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The current lack of international standards may lead to uncertainty, additional competition and further unexpected costs.
Lack of industry standards for EV station management, coupled with utilities and other large organizations mandating their own adoption of specifications that have not become widely adopted in the industry, may hinder innovation or slow new product or new feature introduction.
In addition, automobile manufacturers may choose to utilize their own proprietary systems, which could lock out competition for EV charging stations, or to use their size and market position to influence the market, which could limit ChargePoint’s market and reach to customers, negatively impacting its business.
Further, should regulatory bodies later impose a standard that is not compatible with ChargePoint’s infrastructure, it may incur significant costs to adapt its business model to the new regulatory standard, which may require significant time and, as a result, may have a material and adverse effect on its revenue or results of operations.
ChargePoint’s technology could have undetected defects, errors or bugs in hardware or software which could reduce market adoption, damage its reputation with current or prospective customers, and/or expose it to product liability and other claims that could materially and adversely affect its business.
ChargePoint may be subject to claims that charging stations have malfunctioned and persons were injured or purported to be injured. Any insurance that ChargePoint carries may not be sufficient or it may not apply to all situations. Similarly, to the extent that such malfunctions are related to components obtained from third-party vendors, such vendors may not assume responsibility for such malfunctions. In addition, ChargePoint’s customers could be subjected to claims as a result of such incidents and may bring legal claims against ChargePoint to attempt to hold it liable. Any of these events could adversely affect ChargePoint’s brand, relationships with customers, operating results or financial condition.
Across ChargePoint’s product line, ChargePoint develops equipment solutions based on preferred second source or common off-the-shelf vendors. However, due to its designs, ChargePoint does rely on some single source vendors, the unavailability or failure of which can pose risks to supply chain or product shipping situations.
Furthermore, ChargePoint’s software platform is complex, developed for over a decade by many developers, and includes a number of licensed third-party commercial and open-source software libraries. ChargePoint’s software has contained defects and errors and may in the future contain undetected defects or errors. ChargePoint is continuing to evolve the features and functionality of its platform through updates and enhancements, and as it does, it may introduce additional defects or errors that may not be detected until after deployment to customers. In addition, if ChargePoint’s products and services, including any updates or patches, are not implemented or used correctly or as intended, inadequate performance and disruptions in service may result.
Any defects or errors in product or services offerings, or the perception of such defects or errors, or other performance problems could result in any of the following, each of which could adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of its operations:
expenditure of significant financial and product development resources, including recalls, in efforts to analyze, correct, eliminate or work around errors or defects;
loss of existing or potential customers or partners;
interruptions or delays in sales;
delayed or lost revenue;
delay or failure to attain market acceptance;
delay in the development or release of new functionality or improvements;
negative publicity and reputational harm;
sales credits or refunds;
exposure of confidential or proprietary information;
diversion of development and customer service resources;
breach of warranty claims;
legal claims under applicable laws, rules and regulations; and
an increase in collection cycles for accounts receivable or the expense and risk of litigation.
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Although ChargePoint has contractual protections, such as warranty disclaimers and limitation of liability provisions, in many of its agreements with customers, resellers and other business partners, such protections may not be uniformly implemented in all contracts and, where implemented, may not fully or effectively protect from claims by customers, resellers, business partners or other third-parties. Any insurance coverage or indemnification obligations of suppliers may not adequately cover all such claims or cover only a portion of such claims. A successful product liability, warranty, or other similar claim could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business, operating results and financial condition. In addition, even claims that ultimately are unsuccessful could result in expenditure of funds in litigation, divert management’s time and other resources and cause reputational harm.
Some of ChargePoint’s products contain open-source software, which may pose particular risks to its proprietary software, products and services in a manner that could harm its business.
ChargePoint uses open-source software in its products and anticipates using open-source software in the future. Some open-source software licenses require those who distribute open-source software as part of their own software product to publicly disclose all or part of the source code to such software product or to make available any derivative works of the open-source code on unfavorable terms or at no cost, and ChargePoint may be subject to such terms. The terms of many open-source licenses have not been interpreted by U.S. or foreign courts, and there is a risk that open source software licenses could be construed in a manner that imposes unanticipated conditions or restrictions on ChargePoint’s ability to provide or distribute ChargePoint’s products or services.
In addition, ChargePoint relies on some open-source software and libraries issued under the General Public License (or similar “copyleft” licenses) for development of its products and may continue to rely on similar copyleft licenses. Third-parties may assert a copyright claim against ChargePoint regarding its use of such software or libraries, which could lead to a limitation of ChargePoint’s use of such software or libraries. Use of such software or libraries may also force ChargePoint to provide third-parties, at no cost, the source code to its proprietary software, which may decrease revenue and lessen any competitive advantage ChargePoint has due to the secrecy of its source code.
ChargePoint could face claims from third-parties claiming ownership of, or demanding release of, the open-source software or derivative works that ChargePoint developed using such software, which could include ChargePoint’s proprietary source code, or otherwise seeking to enforce the terms of the applicable open-source license. These claims could result in litigation and could require ChargePoint to make its software source code freely available, purchase a costly license or cease offering the implicated products or services unless and until ChargePoint can re-engineer them to avoid infringement, which may be a costly and time-consuming process, and ChargePoint may not be able to complete the re-engineering process successfully.
Additionally, the use of certain open-source software can lead to greater risks than use of third-party commercial software, as open-source licensors generally do not provide warranties or controls on the origin of software. There is typically no support available for open-source software, and ChargePoint cannot ensure that the authors of such open-source software will implement or push updates to address security risks or will not abandon further development and maintenance. Many of the risks associated with the use of open-source software, such as the lack of warranties or assurances of title or performance, cannot be eliminated, and could, if not properly addressed, have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business and results.
Interruptions, delays in service or inability to increase capacity, including internationally, at third-party data center facilities could impair the use or functionality of ChargePoint’s subscription services, harm its business and subject it to liability.
ChargePoint currently serves customers from third-party data center facilities operated by Amazon Web Services (“AWS”) located in the United States, Europe and Canada. In addition to AWS, some ChargePoint services are housed in third-party data centers operated by Rackspace Technology in the United States. Any outage or failure of such data centers could negatively affect ChargePoint’s product connectivity and performance. ChargePoint’s primary environments are behind the Content Delivery Network operated by Cloudflare, Inc. (“Cloudflare”), and any interruptions of Cloudflare’s services could negatively affect ChargePoint’s product connectivity and performance. Furthermore, ChargePoint depends on connectivity from its charging stations to its data centers through cellular service providers, such as Verizon. Any incident affecting a data center facility’s or a cellular service provider’s infrastructure or operations, whether caused by fire, flood, severe storm, earthquake, power loss, telecommunications failures, breach of security protocols, computer viruses and disabling devices, failure of access control mechanisms, natural disasters, war, criminal act, military actions, terrorist attacks and other similar events could negatively affect the use, functionality or availability of ChargePoint’s services.
Any damage to, or failure of, ChargePoint’s systems, or those of its third-party providers, could interrupt or hinder the use or functionality of its services. Impairment of or interruptions in ChargePoint’s services may reduce revenue, subject it to claims and litigation, cause customers to terminate their subscriptions, and adversely affect renewal rates and its ability to attract new customers. ChargePoint’s business will also be harmed if customers and potential customers believe its products and services are unreliable.
Customer-Related Risks
ChargePoint may be unable to leverage customer data in all geographic locations, and this limitation may impact research and development operations.
ChargePoint relies on data collected through charging stations or its mobile application, including usage data and geolocation data. ChargePoint uses this data in connection with the research, development and analysis of its technologies. ChargePoint’s inability to obtain necessary rights to use this data or freely transfer this data out of, for example, the European Economic Area, could result in delays or otherwise negatively impact ChargePoint’s research and development efforts.
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ChargePoint’s ability to maintain customer satisfaction depends in part on the quality of ChargePoint’s customer support. Failure to maintain high-quality customer support could adversely affect ChargePoint’s reputation, business, results of operation, and financial condition.
ChargePoint believes that the successful use of its EV charging stations and Cloud Services requires a high level of support and engagement for many of its customers, particularly its fleet and commercial customers. In order to deliver appropriate customer support and engagement, ChargePoint must successfully assist its customers in deploying and continuing to use ChargePoint’s Cloud Services tools and EV charging stations, resolving performance issues, addressing interoperability challenges with a customers’ existing information technology or fuel management platforms, responding to EV charging station component failures or replacement parts, as well as charging station performance and reliability issues that may arise from time to time.

ChargePoint provides support to its commercial, fleet and residential EV charging station owners and operators. Such support services are generally provided under its Assure warranty program, including proactive charging station monitoring, guaranteed service response times and labor and parts warranties. ChargePoint further provides support for EV drivers connecting to and utilizing ChargePoint’s Cloud Services and its network of EV charging stations, including customer support services and mobile services. ChargePoint’s support organization faces additional challenges associated with its international operations, including those associated with delivering support, training, and documentation in languages other than English. Failure to maintain high-quality customer support could adversely affect ChargePoint’s reputation, business, results of operations, and financial condition.
In addition to providing direct customer support, ChargePoint also relies on channel partners in order to provide frontline support to some of its customers, including with respect to commissioning, maintenance, component part replacements and repairs of charging stations. If ChargePoint’s channel partners do not provide support to the satisfaction of ChargePoint’s customers, ChargePoint may be required to hire additional personnel and to invest in additional resources in order to provide an adequate level of support, generally at a higher cost than that associated with its channel partners, which may increase ChargePoint’s costs and expenses and adversely affect ChargePoint’s gross margins. There can be no assurance that ChargePoint will be able to hire sufficient support personnel as and when needed. To the extent that ChargePoint is unsuccessful in hiring, training, and retaining adequate support personnel, its ability to provide high-quality and timely support to its customers will be negatively impacted and its customers’ satisfaction with its Cloud Services and EV charging stations could be adversely affected. Any failure to maintain high-quality customer support, or a market perception that ChargePoint does not maintain high-quality customer support, could adversely affect ChargePoint’s reputation, business, results of operations, and financial condition, particularly with respect to its fleet customers (see also “Risks Related to ChargePoint’s Business - Supply chain disruptions, manufacturing interruptions or delays, or the failure to accurately forecast customer demand, could adversely affect ChargePoint’s ability to meet customer demand, lead to higher costs, and adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations. For example, supply chain challenges related to the COVID-19 pandemic and global chip shortages have impacted companies worldwide and may have adverse effects on ChargePoint suppliers and, as a result, ChargePoint”).
ChargePoint’s business will depend on customers renewing their services subscriptions. If customers do not continue to use its subscription offerings or if they fail to add more stations, its business and operating results will be adversely affected.
In addition to selling charging station hardware, ChargePoint also depends on customers continuing to subscribe to its EV charging services and extended warranty coverages. Therefore, it is important that customers renew their subscriptions when the contract term expires and add additional charging stations and services to their subscriptions. Customers may decide not to renew their subscriptions with a similar contract period, at the same prices or terms or with the same or a greater number of users, stations or level of functionality. Customer retention may decline or fluctuate as a result of a number of factors, including satisfaction with software and features, functionality of the charging stations, prices, features and pricing of competing products, reductions in spending levels, mergers and acquisitions involving customers and deteriorating general economic conditions.
If customers do not renew their subscriptions, if they renew on less favorable terms or if they fail to add products or services, ChargePoint’s business and operating results will be adversely affected.
Changes in subscriptions or pricing models may not be reflected in near-term operating results.
ChargePoint generally recognizes subscription revenue from customers ratably over the terms of their contracts. As a result, most of the subscription revenue reported in each quarter is derived from the recognition of deferred revenue relating to subscriptions entered into during previous quarters. Consequently, a decline in new or renewed subscriptions in any single quarter will likely have only a small impact on revenue for that quarter. However, such a decline will negatively affect revenue in future quarters. In addition, the severity and duration of events may not be predictable, and their effects could extend beyond a single quarter. Accordingly, the effect of significant downturns in sales and market acceptance of subscription services, and potential changes in pricing policies or rate of renewals, may not be fully apparent until future periods.
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Financial, Tax and Accounting-Related Risks
ChargePoint’s financial condition and results of operations are likely to fluctuate on a quarterly basis in future periods, which could cause its results for a particular period to fall below expectations, resulting in a decline in the price of its Common Stock.
ChargePoint’s financial condition and results of operations have fluctuated in the past and may continue to fluctuate in the future due to a variety of factors, many of which are beyond its control.
In addition to the other risks described herein, the following factors could also cause ChargePoint’s financial condition and results of operations to fluctuate on a quarterly basis:
the timing and volume of new sales;
fluctuations in service costs, particularly due to unexpected costs of servicing and maintaining charging stations;
the timing of new product introductions, which can initially have lower gross margins;
the introduction of new products by competitors, changes in pricing or other factors impacting competition;
weaker than anticipated demand for charging stations, whether due to changes in government incentives and policies or due to other conditions;
fluctuations in sales and marketing or research and development expenses;
supply chain interruptions, volatility in raw material prices and manufacturing or delivery delays;
the timing and availability of new products relative to customers’ and investors’ expectations;
the length of the sales and installation cycle for a particular customer;
the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on ChargePoint’s workforce, or those of its customers, suppliers, vendors or business partners;
disruptions in sales, production, service or other business activities or ChargePoint’s inability to attract and retain qualified personnel; and
unanticipated changes in federal, state, local or foreign government incentive programs, which can affect demand for EVs.
Fluctuations in operating results and cash flow could, among other things, give rise to short-term liquidity issues. In addition, revenue, and other operating results in future quarters may fall short of the expectations of investors and financial analysts, which could have an adverse effect on the price of the Common Stock.
Changes to applicable U.S. tax laws and regulations or exposure to additional income tax liabilities could affect ChargePoint’s business and future profitability.
ChargePoint is a U.S. corporation and thus subject to U.S. corporate income tax on its worldwide operations. Moreover, the majority of ChargePoint’s operations and customers are located in the United States, and as a result, ChargePoint is subject to various U.S. federal, state and local taxes. New U.S. laws and policy relating to taxes may have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business and future profitability. Further, existing U.S. tax laws, statutes, rules, regulations or ordinances could be interpreted, changed, modified or applied adversely to ChargePoint.
For example, on December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“Tax Act”), was signed into law making significant changes to the Code, and certain provisions of the Tax Act may adversely affect ChargePoint. In particular, sweeping changes were made to the U.S. taxation of foreign operations. Changes include, but are not limited to, a permanent reduction to the corporate income tax rate, limiting interest deductions, a reduction to the maximum deduction allowed for net operating losses generated in tax years after December 31, 2017, the elimination of carrybacks of net operating losses, adopting elements of a territorial tax system, assessing a repatriation tax or “toll-charge” on undistributed earnings and profits of U.S.-owned foreign corporations, and introducing certain anti-base erosion provisions, including a new minimum tax on global intangible low-taxed income and base erosion and anti-abuse tax. The Tax Act could be subject to potential amendments and technical corrections, and is subject to interpretations and implementing regulations by the U.S. Treasury and Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”), any of which could mitigate or increase certain adverse effects of the legislation.
In addition, the Tax Act may impact taxation in other jurisdictions, including with respect to state income taxes as state legislatures respond to the Tax Act. Additionally, other foreign governing bodies have and may enact changes to their tax laws in
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reaction to the Tax Act that could result in changes to ChargePoint’s global tax position and materially adversely affect its business and future profitability.
As a result of ChargePoint’s plans to expand operations, including to jurisdictions in which the tax laws may not be favorable, ChargePoint’s tax rate may fluctuate, ChargePoint’s tax obligations may become significantly more complex and subject to greater risk of examination by taxing authorities or ChargePoint may be subject to future changes in tax law, the impacts of which could adversely affect ChargePoint’s after-tax profitability and financial results.
Because ChargePoint does not have a long history of operating at its present scale and it has significant expansion plans, ChargePoint’s effective tax rate may fluctuate in the future. Future effective tax rates could be affected by operating losses in jurisdictions where no tax benefit can be recorded under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), changes in the composition of earnings in countries with differing tax rates, changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities, or changes in tax laws. Factors that could materially affect ChargePoint’s future effective tax rates include, but are not limited to: (a) changes in tax laws or the regulatory environment, (b) changes in accounting and tax standards or practices, (c) changes in the composition of operating income by tax jurisdiction and (d) ChargePoint’s operating results before taxes.
Additionally, ChargePoint’s operations are subject to significant income, withholding and other tax obligations in the United States and may become subject to taxes in numerous additional state, local and non-U.S. jurisdictions with respect to its income, operations and subsidiaries related to those jurisdictions. ChargePoint’s after-tax profitability and financial results could be subject to volatility or be affected by numerous factors, including (a) the availability of tax deductions, credits, exemptions, refunds (including refunds of value added taxes) and other benefits to reduce ChargePoint’s tax liabilities, (b) changes in the valuation of ChargePoint’s deferred tax assets and liabilities, (c) expected timing and amount of the release of any tax valuation allowances, (d) tax treatment of stock-based compensation, (e) changes in the relative amount of ChargePoint’s earnings subject to tax in the various jurisdictions in which ChargePoint operates or has subsidiaries, (f) the potential expansion of ChargePoint’s business into or otherwise becoming subject to tax in additional jurisdictions, (g) changes to ChargePoint’s existing intercompany structure (and any costs related thereto) and business operations, (h) the extent of ChargePoint’s intercompany transactions and the extent to which taxing authorities in the relevant jurisdictions respect those intercompany transactions and (i) ChargePoint’s ability to structure ChargePoint’s operations in an efficient and competitive manner. Due to the complexity of multinational tax obligations and filings, ChargePoint may have a heightened risk related to audits or examinations by U.S. federal, state, local and non-U.S. taxing authorities. Outcomes from these audits or examinations could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s after-tax profitability and financial condition. Additionally, the IRS and several foreign tax authorities have increasingly focused attention on intercompany transfer pricing with respect to sales of products and services and the use of intangibles. Tax authorities could disagree with ChargePoint’s intercompany charges, cross-jurisdictional transfer pricing or other matters and assess additional taxes. If ChargePoint does not prevail in any such disagreements, its profitability may be affected.
ChargePoint’s after-tax profitability and financial results may also be adversely impacted by changes in the relevant tax laws and tax rates, treaties, regulations, administrative practices and principles, judicial decisions and interpretations thereof, in each case, possibly with retroactive effect. For example, the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting recently entered into force among the jurisdictions that have ratified it, although the United States has not yet entered into this convention. These recent changes could negatively impact ChargePoint’s taxation, especially as ChargePoint expands its relationships and operations internationally.
The ability of ChargePoint to utilize net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards is conditioned upon ChargePoint attaining profitability and generating taxable income. ChargePoint has incurred significant net losses since inception and it is anticipated that ChargePoint will continue to incur significant losses. Additionally, ChargePoint’s ability to utilize net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards to offset future taxable income may be limited.
As of January 31, 2022, ChargePoint had $737.8 million of U.S. federal and $312.6 million of California net operating loss carryforwards available to reduce future taxable income, of which $549.0 million of the U.S. federal net operating loss carryforwards can be carried forward indefinitely. The U.S. federal and California state net operating loss carryforwards begin to expire in 2028. In addition, ChargePoint had net operating loss carryforwards for other states of $270.9 million, which begin to expire in 2023. The Tax Act included a reduction to the maximum deduction allowed for net operating losses generated in tax years after December 31, 2017 and the elimination of carrybacks of net operating losses. It is possible that ChargePoint will not generate taxable income in time to utilize the net operating loss carryforwards.
In addition, net operating loss carryforwards and certain tax credits may be subject to significant limitations under Section 382 and Section 383 of the Code, respectively, and similar provisions of state law. Under those sections of the Code, if a corporation undergoes an “ownership change,” the corporation’s ability to use its pre-change net operating loss carryforwards and other pre-change attributes, such as research tax credits, to offset its post-change income or tax may be limited. In general, an “ownership change” will occur if there is a cumulative change in ownership by “5% stockholders” that exceeds 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period. ChargePoint has experienced ownership changes since its incorporation and is already subject to limitations on its ability to utilize its existing net operating loss carryforwards and other tax attributes to offset taxable income or tax liability. In addition, changes in the ownership during its fiscal year ending January 31, 2022 and future changes in ChargePoint’s stock ownership, which are outside of ChargePoint’s control, may trigger further ownership changes. Similar provisions of state tax law may also apply to limit
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ChargePoint’s use of accumulated state tax attributes. As a result, even if ChargePoint earns net taxable income in the future, its ability to use its pre-change net operating loss carryforwards and other tax attributes to offset such taxable income or tax liability may be subject to limitations, which could potentially result in increased future income tax liability to ChargePoint.
ChargePoint performed an analysis to assess whether an “ownership change,” as defined by Section 382 of the Code, has occurred from its inception through January 31, 2021. Based on this analysis, ChargePoint has experienced “ownership changes,” limiting the utilization of the net operating loss carryforwards or research and development tax credit carryforwards under Section 382 of the Code by first multiplying the value of the ChargePoint’s stock at the time of the ownership change by the applicable long-term tax-exempt rate, and then applying additional adjustments, as required. Any limitation may result in expiration of a portion of the net operating loss carryforwards or research and development tax credit carryforwards before utilization. In addition, the Merger during fiscal year 2022 may constitute an ownership change under Sections 382 and 383 of the Code and ChargePoint expects to complete a Section 382 analysis for changes during this period during its fiscal year ending January 31, 2023. ChargePoint’s net operating losses or credits may also be impaired under state law. Accordingly, ChargePoint may not be able to utilize a material portion of the net operating losses or credits. The ability of ChargePoint to utilize ChargePoint’s net operating losses or credits is conditioned upon ChargePoint attaining profitability and generating U.S. federal and state taxable income. ChargePoint has incurred significant net losses since inception and will continue to incur significant losses; and therefore, ChargePoint does not know whether or when the combined carryforwards may be or may become subject to limitation by Sections 382 and 383 of the Code.
ChargePoint’s reported financial results may be negatively impacted by changes in U.S. GAAP.
U.S. GAAP is subject to interpretation by the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Accounting Standards Codification, the SEC and various bodies formed to promulgate and interpret appropriate accounting principles. A change in these principles or interpretations could have a significant effect on reported financial results, and may even affect the reporting of transactions completed before the announcement or effectiveness of a change.
ChargePoint incurs significant increased expenses and administrative burdens as a public company, which could have an adverse effect on its business, financial condition and results of operations.
ChargePoint faces increased legal, accounting, administrative and other costs and expenses as a public company that it did not incur as a private company. Sarbanes-Oxley, including the requirements of Section 404, as well as rules and regulations subsequently implemented by the SEC, the Dodd-Frank Act and the rules and regulations promulgated and to be promulgated thereunder, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and the securities exchanges, impose additional reporting and other obligations on public companies. Compliance with public company requirements increases costs and make certain activities more time-consuming. A number of those requirements require it to carry out activities ChargePoint has not done previously. In addition, expenses associated with SEC reporting requirements will be incurred. Furthermore, if any issues in complying with those requirements are identified, such as the material weakness as described in this Annual Report and the restatement of ChargePoint’s previously issued consolidated financial statements and related material weakness as described in this Risk Factors section, ChargePoint may be subject to additional costs and expenses to come into compliance (see also “Financial, Tax and Accounting-Related Risks —ChargePoint has identified material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting. If ChargePoint is unable to remediate these material weaknesses, or if ChargePoint identifies additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fails to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, this may result in material misstatements of ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements or cause ChargePoint to fail to meet its periodic reporting obligations,” and “Risks Related to Legal Matters and Regulations—ChargePoint may face litigation and other risks as a result of the material weakness in its internal control over financial reporting and the restatement of its financial statements,” for more detail). ChargePoint has incurred and could incur additional costs to rectify those or new issues, and the existence of these issues could adversely affect its reputation or investor perceptions. In addition, as a public company, ChargePoint maintains director and officer liability insurance, for which it must pay substantial premiums. The additional reporting and other obligations imposed by these rules and regulations increase legal and financial compliance costs and the costs of related legal, accounting and administrative activities. Advocacy efforts by stockholders and third-parties may also prompt additional changes in governance and reporting requirements, which could further increase costs.
ChargePoint has identified material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting. If ChargePoint is unable to remediate these material weaknesses, or if ChargePoint identifies additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fails to maintain an effective internal control over financial reporting, this may result in material misstatements of ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements or cause ChargePoint to fail to meet its periodic reporting obligations.
As a public company, ChargePoint is required to provide management’s attestation on internal controls pursuant to Section 404 of Sarbanes-Oxley. The standards required for a public company under Section 404(a) and Section 404(b) of Sarbanes-Oxley are significantly more stringent than those previously required of ChargePoint as a privately-held company. Management may not be able to effectively and timely implement controls and procedures that adequately respond to the increased regulatory compliance and reporting requirements of Section 404(a) and/or Section 404(b) of Sarbanes-Oxley. If ChargePoint is not able to implement these additional requirements in a timely manner or with adequate compliance, it may not be able to assess whether its internal control over financial reporting is effective, which may subject it to adverse regulatory consequences and could harm investor confidence.
In connection with the preparation and audit of ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements, material weaknesses were identified in its internal control over financial reporting as of January 31, 2022. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of ChargePoint’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
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ChargePoint did not design and maintain an effective control environment commensurate with its financial reporting requirements. Specifically, ChargePoint did not maintain a sufficient complement of personnel with an appropriate degree of accounting knowledge, experience and training to appropriately analyze, record and disclose accounting matters commensurate with its accounting and reporting requirements. This material weakness contributed to the following additional material weaknesses:
ChargePoint did not design and maintain formal accounting policies, procedures and controls over significant accounts and disclosures to achieve complete, accurate and timely financial accounting, reporting and disclosures, including accounting for complex features associated with warrants, segregation of duties and adequate controls related to the preparation and review of journal entries.; and
ChargePoint did not design and maintain effective controls related to the valuation of acquired intangible assets, specifically controls over the review of the inputs and assumptions used in the valuation of the acquired assets.
The material weakness related to formal accounting policies, procedures and controls resulted in adjustments to several accounts and disclosures related to the Legacy ChargePoint consolidated financial statements for the years ended January 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019. The material weakness related to the accounting for complex features associated with warrants resulted in the restatement of the previously issued financial statements of the entity acquired as part of the Merger Agreement related to warrant liabilities and equity. The material weakness related to the valuation of acquired intangible assets resulted in material adjustments to customer relationships and goodwill and related disclosures to ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements for the year ended January 31, 2022. These material weaknesses could result in a material misstatement of substantially all of ChargePoint’s accounts or disclosures that would result in a material misstatement to the annual or interim consolidated financial statements that would not be prevented or detected.
In addition, ChargePoint did not design and maintain effective controls over certain information technology (“IT”) general controls for information systems that are relevant to the preparation of its consolidated financial statements. Specifically, ChargePoint did not design and maintain (a) program change management controls to ensure that IT program and data changes affecting financial IT applications and underlying accounting records are identified, tested, authorized and implemented appropriately, (b) user access controls to ensure appropriate segregation of duties and that adequately restrict user and privileged access to its financial applications and data to appropriate company personnel and (c) testing and approval controls for program development to ensure that new software development is aligned with business and IT requirements. The IT deficiencies did not result in a any misstatements to the consolidated financial statements, however, the deficiencies, when aggregated, could impact maintaining effective segregation of duties, as well as the effectiveness of IT-dependent controls (such as automated controls that address the risk of material misstatement to one or more assertions, along with the IT controls and underlying data that support the effectiveness of system-generated data and reports) that could result in misstatements potentially impacting all financial statement accounts and disclosures that would not be prevented or detected. Accordingly, ChargePoint management has determined these deficiencies in the aggregate constitute a material weakness.
ChargePoint has continued implementation of a plan to remediate these material weaknesses. These remediation measures are ongoing and include the following:
hiring additional finance and accounting personnel to bolster the accounting capabilities and capacity and to establish and maintain internal control over financial reporting;
designing and implementing controls to formalize roles and review responsibilities to align with the staff’s skills and experience and designing and implementing controls over segregation of duties;
providing ongoing training for personnel on accounting, financial reporting and internal control over financial reporting;
designing and implementing controls to review the accounting for complex features associated with warrants;
designing and implementing controls to review the inputs and assumptions used in the valuation of the acquired assets;
engaging an external advisor to assist with evaluating and documenting the design and operating effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting and assist with the remediation of deficiencies, as necessary;
designing and implementing controls over the preparation and review of journal entries and account reconciliations, including controls over the segregation of duties; and
designing and implementing IT general controls, including controls over program change management, the provisioning and monitoring of user access rights and privileges and program development processes and procedures.
ChargePoint’s remediation efforts could continue beyond the fiscal year ending January 31, 2023. At this time, ChargePoint cannot provide an estimate of costs expected to be incurred in connection with implementing this remediation plan; however, these remediation measures will be time consuming, will result in it incurring significant costs, and will place significant demands on its financial and operational resources.
In order to maintain and improve the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting, ChargePoint has expended, and anticipates it will continue to expend, significant resources, including accounting-related costs and significant management oversight. At
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such time, ChargePoint’s independent registered public accounting firm may issue a report that is adverse in the event it is not satisfied with the level at which its internal control over financial reporting is documented, designed or operating. Any failure to maintain effective disclosure controls and internal control over financial reporting could adversely affect the business and operating results and could cause a decline in the price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock.
Risks Related to Legal Matters and Regulations
Privacy concerns and laws, or other domestic or foreign regulations, may adversely affect ChargePoint’s business.
ChargePoint relies on data collected through charging stations or its mobile application, including usage data and geolocation data. ChargePoint uses this data in connection with the research, development and analysis of its technologies. Accordingly, ChargePoint may be subject to or affected by a number of federal, state, local and international laws and regulations, as well as contractual obligations and industry standards, that impose certain obligations and restrictions with respect to data privacy and security and govern its collection, storage, retention, protection, use, processing, transmission, sharing and disclosure of personal information including that of ChargePoint’s employees, customers and other third-parties with whom ChargePoint conducts business. National and local governments and agencies in the countries in which ChargePoint operates and in which its customers operate have adopted, are considering adopting, or may adopt laws and regulations regarding the collection, use, storage, processing and disclosure of information regarding consumers and other individuals, which could impact its ability to offer services in certain jurisdictions. Laws and regulations relating to the collection, use, storage, disclosure, security and other processing of individuals’ information can vary significantly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and are particularly stringent in Europe. The costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by, laws, regulations, standards and other obligations relating to privacy, data protection and information security are significant. In addition, some companies, particularly larger enterprises, often will not contract with vendors that do not meet these rigorous standards. Accordingly, the failure, or perceived inability, to comply with these laws, regulations, standards and other obligations may limit the use and adoption of ChargePoint’s solutions, reduce overall demand, lead to regulatory investigations, litigation and significant fines, penalties or liabilities for actual or alleged noncompliance, or slow the pace at which it closes sales transactions, any of which could harm its business. Moreover, if ChargePoint or any of its employees or contractors fail or are believed to fail to adhere to appropriate practices regarding customers’ data, it may damage its reputation and brand.
Additionally, existing laws, regulations, standards and other obligations may be interpreted in new and differing manners in the future, and may be inconsistent among jurisdictions. Future laws, regulations, standards and other obligations, and changes in the interpretation of existing laws, regulations, standards and other obligations could result in increased regulation, increased costs of compliance and penalties for non-compliance, and limitations on data collection, use, disclosure and transfer for ChargePoint and its customers.
Additionally, the EU adopted the GDPR in 2016, and it became effective in May 2018. The GDPR establishes requirements applicable to the handling of personal data and imposes penalties for non-compliance of up to the greater of €20 million or 4% of worldwide revenue. The costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by, the GDPR may limit the use and adoption of ChargePoint’s products and services and could have an adverse impact on its business. Further, California adopted the CCPA and the California State Attorney General has begun enforcement actions. Although ChargePoint initiated a compliance program designed to ensure CCPA compliance after consulting with outside privacy counsel, ChargePoint may remain exposed to ongoing legal risks and compliance costs related to CCPA and the new California Privacy Rights Act (“CPRA”), which will become effective in most material respects starting on January 1, 2023.
The costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by, laws and regulations relating to privacy, data protection and information security that are applicable to the businesses of customers may adversely affect ability and willingness to process, handle, store, use and transmit certain types of information, such as demographic and other personal information. The EU and the United States agreed in 2016 to the EU-US Privacy Shield Framework, which provided one mechanism for lawful cross-border transfers of personal data between the EU and the United States. However, the Court of Justice of the EU issued a decision on July 16, 2020 invalidating the EU-US Privacy Shield Framework, thereby creating additional legal risk for ChargePoint. In addition, the other bases on which ChargePoint and its customers rely for the transfer of personal data across national borders is pursuant to standard contractual clauses to legitimize the transfer of personal data to the U.S. and other third countries in compliance with the GDPR. Notably, on June 4, 2021, the European Commission published revised standard contractual clauses, which imposed additional requirements on companies that utilize this method to legitimize transfers of personal data to the U.S. and other third countries. There are a number of legal uncertainties regarding the application of the revised standard contractual clauses and ChargePoint will continue to face uncertainty as regulatory guidance is developed in this area as to whether ChargePoint’s efforts to comply with its obligations under European privacy laws will be sufficient. If ChargePoint or its customers are unable to transfer data between and among countries and regions in which it operates, it could decrease demand for its products and services or require it to modify or restrict some of its products or services.
In addition to government activity, privacy advocacy groups, the technology industry and other industries have established or may establish various new, additional or different self-regulatory standards that may place additional burdens on technology companies. Customers may expect that ChargePoint will meet voluntary certifications or adhere to other standards established by them or third-parties. If ChargePoint is unable to maintain these certifications or meet these standards, it could reduce demand for its solutions and adversely affect its business.
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Failure to comply with anticorruption and anti-money laundering laws, including the FCPA and similar laws associated with activities outside of the United States, could subject ChargePoint to penalties and other adverse consequences.
ChargePoint is subject to the FCPA, the U.S. domestic bribery statute contained in 18 U.S.C. § 201, the U.S. Travel Act, the USA PATRIOT Act, the Anti-Bribery Act and possibly other anti-bribery and anti-money laundering laws in countries in which it conducts activities. It faces significant risks if it fails to comply with the FCPA and other anti-corruption laws that prohibit companies and their employees and third-party intermediaries from promising, authorizing, offering or providing, directly or indirectly, improper payments or benefits to foreign government officials, political parties and private-sector recipients for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business, directing business to any person or securing any advantage. Any violation of the FCPA, other applicable anti-corruption laws, and anti-money laundering laws could result in whistleblower complaints, adverse media coverage, investigations, loss of export privileges, or severe criminal or civil sanctions, which could have a materially adverse effect on ChargePoint’s reputation, business, operating results and prospects. In addition, ensuring compliance may be costly and time-consuming and responding to any enforcement action may result in a significant diversion of management’s attention and resources, significant defense costs and other professional fees.
Failure to comply with laws relating to employment could subject ChargePoint to penalties and other adverse consequences.
ChargePoint is subject to various employment-related laws in the jurisdictions in which its employees are based. It faces risks if it fails to comply with applicable U.S. federal or state wage laws, or wage laws applicable to its employees outside of the United States. For example, ChargePoint implemented a reduction in force and furloughed employees in 2020, and the attendant layoffs and/or furloughs could create an additional risk of claims being made on behalf of affected employees. Any violation of applicable wage laws or other labor-or employment-related laws could result in complaints by current or former employees, adverse media coverage, investigations and damages or penalties which could have a materially adverse effect on ChargePoint’s reputation, business, operating results and prospects. In addition, responding to any such proceeding may result in a significant diversion of management’s attention and resources, significant defense costs and other professional fees.
Existing and future environmental health and safety laws and regulations could result in increased compliance costs or additional operating costs or construction costs and restrictions. Failure to comply with such laws and regulations may result in substantial fines or other limitations that may adversely impact ChargePoint’s financial results or results of operation.
ChargePoint and its operations, as well as those of ChargePoint’s contractors, suppliers and customers, are subject to certain environmental laws and regulations, including laws related to the use, handling, storage, transportation and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes as well as electronic wastes and hardware, whether hazardous or not. These laws may require ChargePoint or others in ChargePoint’s value chain to obtain permits and comply with procedures that impose various restrictions and obligations that may have material effects on ChargePoint’s operations. If key permits and approvals cannot be obtained on acceptable terms, or if other operational requirements cannot be met in a manner satisfactory for ChargePoint’s operations or on a timeline that meets ChargePoint’s commercial obligations, it may adversely impact ChargePoint’s business.
Environmental and health and safety laws and regulations can be complex and may be subject to change, such as through new requirements enacted at the supranational, national, sub-national and/or local level or new or modified regulations that may be implemented under existing law. The nature and extent of any changes in these laws, rules, regulations and permits may be unpredictable and may have material effects on ChargePoint’s business. Future legislation and regulations or changes in existing legislation and regulations, or interpretations thereof, including those relating to hardware manufacturing, electronic waste or batteries, could cause additional expenditures, restrictions and delays in connection with ChargePoint’s operations as well as other future projects, the extent of which cannot be predicted.
Further, ChargePoint currently relies on third-parties to ensure compliance with certain environmental laws, including those related to the disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. Any failure to properly handle or dispose of such wastes, regardless of whether such failure is ChargePoint’s or its contractors, may result in liability under environmental laws, including, but not limited to, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”), under which liability may be imposed without regard to fault or degree of contribution for the investigation and clean-up of contaminated sites, as well as impacts to human health and damages to natural resources. Additionally, ChargePoint may not be able to secure contracts with third-parties to continue their key supply chain and disposal services for ChargePoint’s business, which may result in increased costs for compliance with environmental laws and regulations.
ChargePoint may face litigation and other risks as a result of the material weakness in its internal control over financial reporting and the restatement of its financial statements.
Following the issuance of the SEC’s Staff Statement on Accounting and Reporting Considerations for Warrants Issued by Special Purpose Acquisition Companies on April 12, 2021, the audit committee of ChargePoint’s Board of Directors (the “Board”), after considering the recommendations of management, determined that it was appropriate to restate ChargePoint’s previously filed financial statements for certain periods of non-reliance. As part of this restatement, ChargePoint identified a material weakness in its internal control over financial reporting.
As a result of such material weakness, such restatement, the change in accounting for ChargePoint’s previously outstanding publicly-traded warrants (the “Public Warrants”) and private placement warrants issued to NGP Switchback, LLC, the sponsor of Switchback (“ Private Placement Warrants”), and other matters raised or that may in the future be raised by the SEC, ChargePoint faces
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potential for litigation or other disputes which may include, among others, claims invoking the federal and state securities laws, contractual claims or other claims arising from the restatement and material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting and the preparation of its financial statements. As of the date of this Annual Report, ChargePoint has no knowledge of any such litigation or dispute. However, ChargePoint can provide no assurance that such litigation or dispute will not arise in the future. Any such litigation or dispute, whether successful or not, could have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations and financial condition. As of the date of this Annual Report, no Public Warrants and no Private Placement Warrants remained outstanding.
Risks Related to Ownership of ChargePoint’s Securities

Future sales of ChargePoint’s Common Stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales may occur, could reduce ChargePoint’s stock price, and any additional capital raised through the sale of equity or convertible securities may dilute existing stockholder’s ownership.

ChargePoint may raise additional capital through the issuance of equity or debt securities in the future. In that event, the ownership of existing ChargePoint stockholders would be diluted and the value of the stockholders' equity in Common Stock could be reduced. If ChargePoint raised more equity capital from the sale of Common Stock, institutional or other investors may negotiate terms more favorable than the current prices of ChargePoint’s Common Stock. If ChargePoint issues debt securities, the holders of the debt would have a claim to ChargePoint assets that would be prior to the rights of stockholders until the debt is repaid. Interest on these debt securities would increase costs and could negatively impact operating results. In accordance with Delaware law and the provisions of ChargePoint’s Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (the “Second A&R Charter”) ChargePoint may issue preferred stock that ranks senior in right of dividends, liquidation or voting to its Common Stock. The issuance by ChargePoint of such preferred stock may (a) reduce or eliminate the amount of cash available for payment of dividends to other holders of ChargePoint Common Stock, (b) diminish the relative voting strength of the total shares of Common Stock outstanding as a class, or (c) subordinate the claims of ChargePoint holders of Common Stock to ChargePoint assets in the event of a liquidation. ChargePoint cannot predict the size of future issuances of its Common Stock or securities convertible into Common Stock or the effect, if any, that future issuances and sales of shares of its Common Stock will have on the market price of its Common Stock. Sales of substantial amounts of ChargePoint Common Stock (including shares issued in connection with an acquisition), or the perception that such sales could occur, may adversely affect prevailing market prices of ChargePoint Common Stock.
Concentration of ownership among ChargePoint’s existing executive officers, directors and their affiliates may prevent new investors from influencing significant corporate decisions.
As of January 31, 2022, ChargePoint’s directors, executive officers and their affiliates in the aggregate beneficially own approximately 25.4% of the outstanding Common Stock. As a result, these stockholders are able to exercise a significant level of control over all matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors, any amendment of the certificate of incorporation and approval of significant corporate transactions. This control could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control or changes in management and will make the approval of certain transactions difficult or impossible without the support of these stockholders.
ChargePoint has never paid cash dividends on its capital stock and does not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future.
ChargePoint has never paid cash dividends on its capital stock and currently intends to retain any future earnings to fund the growth of its business. Any determination to pay dividends in the future will be at the discretion of the Board and will depend on financial condition, operating results, capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors that the Board may deem relevant. As a result, capital appreciation, if any, of Common Stock will be the sole source of gain for the foreseeable future.
The price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock may be subject to wide fluctuations.
The trading price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock will be volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to various factors, some of which are beyond ChargePoint’s control. These factors include:
actual or anticipated fluctuations in operating results;
failure to meet or exceed financial estimates and projections of the investment community or that ChargePoint provides to the public;
issuance of new or updated research or reports by securities analysts or changed recommendations for the industry in general;
announcements of significant acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures, collaborations or capital commitments;
changes in competitive factors;
operating and share price performance of other companies in the industry or related markets;
sales of shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock into the market pursuant to the exercise of registration rights;
the timing and magnitude of investments in the growth of the business;
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actual or anticipated changes in laws and regulations, including U.S. monetary policy;
additions or departures of key management or other personnel;
increased labor costs;
disputes or other developments related to intellectual property or other proprietary rights, including litigation;
the ability to market new and enhanced solutions on a timely basis;
sales of substantial amounts of the Common Stock by the members of the Board, executive officers or significant stockholders or the perception that such sales could occur;
changes in capital structure, including future issuances of securities or the incurrence of debt; and
general economic, political and market conditions, including those resulting from the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine and increased trade restrictions by governmental and private entities.
In addition, the stock market in general, and the stock prices of technology companies in particular, have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations. Broad market and industry factors likely have and may continue to seriously affect the market price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock, regardless of actual operating performance. In addition, in the past, following periods of volatility in the overall market and the market price of a particular company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against these companies. This litigation, if instituted, could result in substantial costs and a diversion of management’s attention and resources.
The coverage of ChargePoint’s business or its securities by securities or industry analysts or the absence thereof could adversely affect the trading price and volume of ChargePoint’s Common Stock and other securities.
The trading market for ChargePoint’s securities is influenced in part by the research and other reports that industry or securities analysts publish about ChargePoint or its business or industry from time to time. ChargePoint does not control these analysts or the content and opinions included in their reports. If no or few analysts continue equity research coverage of ChargePoint, the trading price and volume of ChargePoint’s securities would likely be negatively impacted. If analysts do cover ChargePoint and one or more of them downgrade its securities, or if they issue other unfavorable commentary about ChargePoint or its industry or inaccurate research, the trading price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock and other securities would likely decline. Furthermore, if one or more of these analysts cease coverage or fail to regularly publish reports on ChargePoint, it could lose visibility in the financial markets. Any of the foregoing would likely cause the trading price and volume of ChargePoint’s Common Stock and other securities to decline.
Anti-takeover provisions contained in ChargePoint’s governing documents and applicable laws could impair a takeover attempt.
ChargePoint’s Second A&R Charter and Amended and Restated Bylaws (the “A&R Bylaws”) afford certain rights and powers to the Board that could contribute to the delay or prevention of an acquisition that it deems undesirable. ChargePoint is also subject to Section 203 of the DGCL and other provisions of Delaware law that limit the ability of stockholders in certain situations to effect certain mergers. Any of the foregoing provisions and terms that has the effect of delaying or deterring a change in control could limit the opportunity for stockholders to receive a premium for their shares of their Common Stock and could also affect the price that some investors are willing to pay for the Common Stock. ChargePoint’s Second A&R Charter provides, subject to limited exceptions, that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the sole and exclusive forum for certain stockholder litigation matters, which could limit stockholders’ ability to obtain a more favorable judicial forum for disputes with ChargePoint or its directors, officers, employees or stockholders.
The Second A&R Charter requires, to the fullest extent permitted by law, that derivative actions brought on behalf of ChargePoint, actions against current or former directors, officers, stockholders or, subject to certain exceptions, employees for breach of fiduciary duty and certain other actions may be brought in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware or, if that court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, another federal or state court situated in the State of Delaware. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring or holding any interest in shares of capital stock of ChargePoint shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the forum provisions in the certificate of incorporation. In addition, the Second A&R Charter and A&R Bylaws provide that, unless ChargePoint consents in writing to another forum, the federal district courts of the United States shall, to the fullest extent of the law, be the exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.
In March 2020, the Delaware Supreme Court issued a decision in Salzburg et al. v. Sciabacucchi, which found that an exclusive forum provision providing for claims under the Securities Act to be brought in federal court is facially valid under Delaware law. It is unclear whether this decision will be appealed, or what the final outcome of this case will be. ChargePoint intends to enforce this provision, but it does not know whether courts in other jurisdictions will agree with this decision or enforce it.
This choice of forum provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with ChargePoint or any of its directors, officers, other employees or stockholders, which may discourage lawsuits with respect to such claims. Alternatively, if a court were to find the choice of forum provision contained in the Second A&R Charter to be
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inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, ChargePoint may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could harm its business, operating results and financial condition.
Sales, or the perception of future sales, of a substantial number of shares of Common Stock by ChargePoint’s existing stockholders could cause the price of the Common Stock to decline.
Sales of a substantial number of shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock in the public market could occur at any time. These sales, or the perception in the market that the holders of a large number of shares intend to sell shares, could reduce the market price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock. For instance, in connection with the closing of the Merger, ChargePoint and the holders of registration rights in Switchback and Legacy ChargePoint entered into an amended and restated Registration Rights Agreement (the “A&R Registration Rights Agreement” and such holders the “Registration Rights Holders”). In certain circumstances, the Registration Rights Holders can demand certain underwritten offerings and will be entitled to customary piggyback registration rights. Also, in connection with the consummation of the acquisition of has•to•be gmbh, ChargePoint entered into a registration rights agreement with the former shareholders of HTB providing for the filing of a resale registration statement as more completely described below.
ChargePoint has in the past, and may in the future, file registration statements as a result of such registration rights. For example, on July 12, 2021, ChargePoint filed a resale registration statement on Form S-1 (No. 333-257855) that relates to the offer and sale from time to time by the selling security holders named in that prospectus of up to 12,000,000 shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock (the “Secondary Offering”). ChargePoint’s directors, executive officers and certain stockholders entered into lock-up agreements with the representatives of the several underwriters, in connection with the Secondary Offering, which expired on September 28, 2021. Further, on October 14, 2021, ChargePoint filed a resale registration statement on Form S-1 (No. 333-260247) that was declared effective by the SEC that relates to the offer and sale from time to time by the selling security holders named in that prospectus of up to 5,695,176 shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock in connection with the consummation of ChargePoint’s acquisition of has•to•be gmbh.
As of July 9, 2021, 224,656,707 shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock or 69.9% of all outstanding shares of its Common Stock were prohibited or otherwise restricted from being sold in the public market under securities laws or lock-up agreements entered into in connection with the Merger or the Secondary Offering. As of October 31, 2021, the lock-up restrictions applicable to the Merger and Secondary Offering had lapsed and no shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock were prohibited or otherwise restricted from being sold in the public market under lock-up agreements. Shares issued upon the exercise of stock options outstanding under ChargePoint’s equity incentive plans or pursuant to future awards granted under those plans will become available for sale in the public market to the extent permitted by the provisions of applicable vesting schedules, any applicable market standoff, a registration statement on Form S-8 and Rule 144 and Rule 701 under the Securities Act.
Warrants are exercisable for ChargePoint’s Common Stock, which would increase the number of shares eligible for future resale in the public market and result in dilution to ChargePoint’s stockholders.
As of January 31, 2022, the warrants to purchase Legacy ChargePoint common stock (the “Legacy Warrants”) were exercisable for 35,538,589 shares of Common Stock. Any shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock issued upon exercise of Legacy Warrants will result in dilution to the then existing holders of Common Stock and increase the number of shares eligible for resale in the public market. Sales of substantial numbers of such shares in the public market could adversely affect the market price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock.
The Private Placement Warrants are accounted for as a warrant liability and recorded at fair value with changes in fair value each period reported in earnings, which may have an adverse effect on the market price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock.
Under U.S. GAAP, ChargePoint is required to evaluate the Private Placement Warrants to determine whether they should be accounted for as a warrant liability or as equity. As of the date of this Annual Report, no Public Warrants or Private Placement Warrants remained outstanding, however for its accounting for periods ending January 31, 2022, ChargePoint has concluded that the Private Placement Warrants contain provisions requiring liability classification. Therefore, ChargePoint is accounting for the Private Placement Warrants as a warrant liability at fair value upon issuance through the exercise and redemption of the last Private Placement Warrants in February 2022 and recorded changes in fair value as of the end of each reporting period.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
None.
Item 2. Properties.
The corporate headquarters and principal operations is located in Campbell, California, and consists of approximately 72,000 square feet of office space under leases that expire in August 31, 2029. ChargePoint believes this space is sufficient to meet its needs for the foreseeable future and that any additional space ChargePoint may require will be available on commercially reasonable terms. ChargePoint also maintains facilities in Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Gurgaon, India; Radstadt, Austria and Reading, United Kingdom; Scottsdale, Arizona and San Jose, California; as well as smaller sales offices in the United States and Europe.
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Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
Information with respect to this item may be found in Note 8, Commitments and Contingencies, in the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements included in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, under “Legal Proceedings” which is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.
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PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Market Information for Common Stock
ChargePoint’s Common Stock is traded under the symbol “CHPT” and is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).
Dividend Policy
ChargePoint has never declared or paid dividend on its Common Stock and has no plans to do so in the foreseeable future.
Number of Common Stockholders
As of March 28, 2022, there were approximately 343 holders of record of ChargePoint’s Common Stock. The actual number of stockholders is greater than this number of record holders and includes stockholders who are beneficial owners but whose shares are held in street name by brokers and other nominees.

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

Information relating to securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans will be presented in the definitive proxy statement filed in pursuant to Regulation 14A for the 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on or about July 12, 2022, which information is incorporated herein by reference.
Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
On November 21, 2021, ChargePoint issued 15,596 shares of restricted Common Stock upon the cashless exercise of Legacy Warrants to purchase 20,179 shares at an exercise price of $6.03 per share. On November 24, 2021, ChargePoint issued 3,509 shares of restricted Common Stock upon the exercise of certain Legacy Warrants. ChargePoint received an aggregate of $21,159.27. ChargePoint issued the foregoing securities in transactions not involving an underwriter and not requiring registration under Section 5 of the Securities Act, in reliance on the exemption afforded by Section 4(a)(2) thereof.
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Stock Performance
The following shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, or incorporated by reference into any of ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.'s other filings under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except to the extent ChargePoint specifically incorporates it by reference into such filing.
The graph below matches ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.'s cumulative total shareholder return on Common Stock with the cumulative total returns of the S&P Midcap 400 index, the S&P Application Software index, and the S&P 500 Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals index. The graph tracks the performance of a $100 investment in ChargePoint's Common Stock and in each index (with the reinvestment of all dividends) from September 16, 2019 to January 31, 2022.

chpt-20220131_g1.jpg
The stock price performance included in this graph is not necessarily indicative of future price performance.
Company/IndexSeptember 16, 2019January 31, 2020January 31, 2021January 31, 2022
ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.$100.00 $102.46 $389.96 $141.91 
S&P Midcap 400$100.00 $107.46 $127.30 $145.19 
S&P Application Software$100.00 $117.05 $154.77 $174.16 
S&P 500 Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals$100.00 $137.68 $230.27 $307.62 
Item 6. [Reserved.]
Not applicable.
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion and analysis provides information which ChargePoint’s management believes is relevant to an assessment and understanding of ChargePoint’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition. This section of this Form 10-K discusses fiscal year 2022 and 2021 items and year-to-year comparisons between fiscal year 2022 and 2021. Discussions of fiscal year 2020 items
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and year-over-year comparisons between fiscal year 2021 and fiscal year 2020 are not included in this Form 10-K, and can be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of the Company’s Form S-1 Registration Statement filed on October 14, 2021. The discussion should be read together with the consolidated financial statements and related notes that are included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. ChargePoint’s actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth under “Risk Factors” included under Part I, Item 1 A.
Overview
ChargePoint designs, develops and markets networked EV charging system infrastructure (“Networked Charging Systems”) and cloud-based services which enable consumers the ability to locate, reserve, authenticate and transact EV charging sessions (“Cloud” or “Cloud Services”). As part of ChargePoint’s Networked Charging Systems, subscriptions and other offerings, it provides an open platform that integrates with system hardware from ChargePoint and other manufacturers, connecting systems over an intelligent network that provides real-time information about charging sessions and full control, support and management of the Networked Charging Systems. This network provides multiple web-based portals for charging system owners, fleet managers, drivers and utilities.
ChargePoint generates revenue primarily through the sale of Networked Charging Systems, a Cloud Services subscription and an extended parts and labor warranty subscription (“Assure”), each of which is typically paid for upfront. Assure also includes proactive monitoring, fast response times, expert advice and robust reporting. The ChargePoint as a Service (“CPaaS”) program combines the customer’s use of ChargePoint’s owned and operated systems with Cloud Services, Assure and other benefits available to subscribers into one subscription. ChargePoint targets three key customer markets: commercial, fleet and residential. Commercial customers have parking places largely within their workplaces and includes retail, hospitality and parking lot operators. Fleet includes municipal buses, delivery and work vehicles, port/airport/warehouse and other industrial applications, ride-sharing services, and, is expected to eventually include, autonomous transportation. Residential includes single family homes and multifamily residences.
Since ChargePoint’s inception in 2007, it has been engaged in developing and marketing its Networked Charging Systems, subscriptions and other offerings, raising capital and recruiting personnel. ChargePoint has incurred net operating losses and negative cash flows from operations in every year since its inception. As of January 31, 2022 and 2021, ChargePoint had an accumulated deficit of $811.7 million and $679.4 million, respectively. ChargePoint has funded its operations primarily from sales of its solutions, with proceeds from the issuance of redeemable convertible preferred stock and Common Stock and borrowings under prior loan facilities.
Recent Developments
Closing of Merger
On February 26, 2021 (the “Closing Date”), Switchback Energy Acquisition Corporation (“Switchback”), consummated the previously announced transactions pursuant to which Lightning Merger Sub Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Switchback incorporated in the State of Delaware (“Merger Sub”), merged with ChargePoint, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Legacy ChargePoint”); Legacy ChargePoint survived as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Switchback (the “Merger” and, collectively with the other transactions described in the Merger Agreement, dated as of September 23, 2020, by and among Switchback, Merger Sub and Legacy ChargePoint, the “Merger Agreement”, and such transactions the “Reverse Recapitalization”). On the Closing Date, and in connection with the closing of the Merger (the “Closing”), Switchback changed its name to ChargePoint Holdings, Inc. (“ChargePoint”).
Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, each stockholder of Legacy ChargePoint received 0.9966 shares of ChargePoint’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Common Stock”) and the contingent right to receive as additional merger consideration certain Earnout Shares (as defined below), for each share of Legacy ChargePoint common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, owned by such Legacy ChargePoint stockholder that was outstanding immediately prior to the Closing (other than any shares of Legacy ChargePoint restricted stock). In addition, certain investors purchased an aggregate of 22,500,000 shares of Common Stock (such investors, the “PIPE Investors”) concurrently with the Closing for an aggregate purchase price of $225.0 million. Additionally, at the Closing, after giving effect to the forfeiture contemplated by the Founders Stock Letter (as defined below), each outstanding share of ChargePoint’s Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“Founder Shares”), was converted into a share of Common Stock on a one-for-one basis and the Founder Shares ceased to exist.
Also at the Closing, NGP Switchback, LLC (the “Sponsor”) exercised its right to convert a portion of the working capital loans made by the Sponsor to Switchback into an additional 1,000,000 Private Placement Warrants at a price of $1.50 per warrant in satisfaction of $1.5 million principal amount of such loans.
During the time period between the Closing and the five-year anniversary of the Closing Date, eligible former equityholders were eligible to receive up to 27,000,000 additional shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock (the “Earnout Shares”) in the aggregate in three equal tranches if the volume-weighted average closing sale price of the Common Stock is greater than or equal to $15.00, $20.00 and $30.00 for any 10 trading days within any 20 consecutive trading day period (“Earnout Triggering Events”). As discussed below, all three Earnout Triggering Events occurred during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022.
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In addition, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Merger (the “Effective Time”), (1) warrants to purchase shares of capital stock of Legacy ChargePoint were converted into warrants to purchase an aggregate of 38,761,031 shares of Common Stock and the contingent right to receive certain Earnout Shares, (2) options to purchase shares of common stock of Legacy ChargePoint were converted into options to purchase an aggregate of 30,135,695 shares of Common Stock and, with respect to vested options, the contingent right to receive certain Earnout Shares and (3) unvested restricted shares of common stock of Legacy ChargePoint that were outstanding pursuant to the “early exercise” of Legacy ChargePoint options were converted into an aggregate of 345,689 restricted shares of ChargePoint (the “Restricted Shares”).
Earnout Shares
During the time period between the Closing and the five-year anniversary of the Closing Date, eligible former equity holders could receive up to 27,000,000 additional shares of Earnout Shares if the Earnout Triggering Events were met. On March 19, 2021, a total of approximately 18,000,000 shares of Common Stock were released to eligible former equity holders of Legacy ChargePoint pursuant to the Earnout Shares provisions of the Merger Agreement, as the first two Earnout Triggering Events had been met by virtue of the volume-weighted average closing sale price of Common Stock having been greater than or equal to $15.00 and $20.00 for ten (10) trading days out of twenty (20) consecutive trading days following the closing of the Merger. The holders of Legacy ChargePoint common stock (other than restricted stock), warrants and vested options as of the closing of the Merger received their pro rata portion of the Earnout Shares. On July 1, 2021, a total of approximately 9,000,000 shares of Common Stock were released to eligible former equity holders of Legacy ChargePoint pursuant to the Earnout Shares provision of the Merger Agreement, as the third Earnout Triggering Event was met by virtue of the volume-weighted average closing sale price of Common Stock having been greater than or equal to $30.00 for ten (10) trading days out of twenty (20) consecutive trading days following the closing of the Merger.
Acquisitions
On August 11, 2021, ChargePoint acquired all of the outstanding shares of ViriCiti B.V. (“ViriCiti”) for $79.4 million in cash, subject to adjustments, as well as up to $7.7 million of additional earnout consideration contingent on meeting certain revenue targets through January 31, 2023 (“ViriCiti Earnout”). ViriCiti is a Netherlands-based provider of electrification solutions for eBus and commercial fleets with offices in the Netherlands and the United States. The acquisition is expected to enhance ChargePoint’s fleet solutions portfolio of hardware, software and services by integrating information sources to optimize electric fleet operations.
On October 6, 2021, ChargePoint acquired all of the outstanding shares of has•to•be gmbh (“has•to•be” or “HTB”) for $235.0 million, consisting of $132.9 million paid in cash and $102.1 million in the form of 5,695,176 of Common Stock, of which 885,592 shares, valued at $15.9 million, are subject to escrow to secure potential future indemnification claims. Has•to•be is an Austria-based e-mobility provider with a European charging software platform. The acquisition is intended to expand ChargePoint’s market share in Europe.
Key Factors Affecting Operating Results
ChargePoint believes its performance and future success depend on several factors that present significant opportunities for it but also pose risks and challenges, including those discussed below:
Growth in EV Adoption
ChargePoint’s revenue growth is directly tied to the number of passenger and commercial EVs sold, which it believes drives the demand for charging infrastructure. The market for EVs is still rapidly evolving and although demand for EVs has grown in recent years, there is no guarantee of such future demand. Factors impacting the adoption of EVs include but are not limited to: perceptions about EV features, quality, safety, performance and cost; perceptions about the limited range over which EVs may be driven on a single battery charge; volatility in the cost of oil and gasoline; availability of services for EVs; consumers’ perception about the convenience and cost of charging EVs; and increases in fuel efficiency. In addition, macroeconomic factors, including governmental mandates and incentives, could impact demand for EVs, particularly since they can be more expensive than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles and the automotive industry globally has been experiencing a recent decline in sales. Further, geopolitical factors, such as the invasion of the Ukraine by Russia may negatively impact the global automotive supply chain and reduce the manufacturing of automobiles, including EVs. If the market for EVs does not develop as expected or if there is any slow-down or delay in overall EV adoption or manufacturing rates, ChargePoint’s financial condition and results of operations would be negatively impacted and such impact may be material.
Competition
ChargePoint is currently a market leader in North America in the commercial Level 2 Alternating Current (“AC”) charging. ChargePoint also offers AC chargers for use at home or multifamily settings and for fleet applications, and high-power Level 3 Direct Current (“DC”) chargers for fast urban charging, corridor or long-trip charging and fleet applications. ChargePoint intends to expand its market share over time in its product categories, leveraging the network effect of its products and Cloud Services software. Existing competitors may expand their product offerings and sales strategies, and new competitors may enter the market. If ChargePoint’s market share decreases due to increased competition, its financial condition and results of operations in the future may be negatively impacted.
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Furthermore, ChargePoint’s success could be negatively impacted if consumers and business choose other types of alternative fuel vehicles or high fuel-economy gasoline powered vehicles.
Europe Expansion

ChargePoint operates in North America and selected countries in Europe. Europe is expected to be a significant contributor to ChargePoint’s revenue in future years. ChargePoint is using a portion of the proceeds from the Merger to increase its sales and marketing activities in Europe. ChargePoint is also positioned to grow its European business through existing partnerships with car leasing companies and its recently closed acquisition of ViriCiti and has•to•be. In Europe, ChargePoint primarily competes with other providers of EV charging station networks. Many of these competitors have limited funding, which could cause poor customer experiences and have a negative impact on overall EV adoption in Europe. ChargePoint’s growth in Europe requires differentiating itself as compared to these existing competitors. If ChargePoint is unable to continue penetrating the market in Europe, its financial condition and results of operations would be negatively impacted.
Fleet Expansion
ChargePoint’s future growth is highly dependent upon fleet applications. Because fleet operators often make large purchases of EVs, volatility may be more pronounced and any significant decline from these customers may have an adverse impact on ChargePoint’s potential for future growth and such impact may be material.
Impact of New Product Releases and Investments in Growth
As ChargePoint introduces new products, such as the release of its Level 3 DC fast charger in fiscal year 2020, its gross margins may be initially negatively impacted by launch costs and lower volumes until it achieves targeted cost reductions. Cost reductions may not occur on the timeline ChargePoint expects due to unanticipated supply chain difficulties. For example, ongoing supply chain challenges and heightened logistic costs related to disruptions caused by COVID-19 and component shortages decreased gross margins in the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022, and ChargePoint expects gross margins will continue to be adversely affected by increased material costs and freight and logistic expenses in fiscal year ending January 31, 2023. In addition, ChargePoint may accelerate its expenditures where it sees growth opportunities, which may impact gross margin until upfront costs and inefficiencies are absorbed and normalized operations are achieved. ChargePoint’s focus on optimizing for customer acquisition and prioritizing an assurance of supply of its products as part of its “land-and-expand” model generally results in gross margin pressure, and ChargePoint’s strategy is to grow such customer relationships over time and develop customers who become a source of ongoing subscription revenue. ChargePoint also continuously evaluates and may adjust its expenditures based on its launch plans for new products, as well as other factors including the pace and prioritization of current projects under development and the addition of new projects. As ChargePoint attains higher revenue, it expects operating expenses as a percentage of total revenue to decrease as it scales and focuses on increasing operational efficiency and process automation.
Government Mandates, Incentives and Programs
The U.S. federal government, certain foreign governments and some state and local governments provide incentives to end users and purchasers of EVs and EV infrastructure in the form of rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives. These governmental rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives significantly lower the effective price of EVs and EV infrastructure to customers. For example, the infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act signed into law on November 15, 2021 would provide additional funding for EVs and EV charging infrastructure through the creation of new programs and grants and the expansion of existing programs, including $7.5 billion for EV charging along highway corridors. However, such incentives take time to be disbursed and to affect actual expenditure decisions. These incentives may also expire on specified dates, end when the allocated funding is no longer available, or be reduced or terminated as a matter of regulatory or legislative policy. For example, the credits under Section 30C of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) which benefit investments in EV infrastructure expired on December 31, 2021, and there can be no assurance that the credits under Section 30C of the Code will be extended in the future. Any reduction in rebates, tax credits or other financial incentives could reduce the demand for EVs and for charging infrastructure, including infrastructure ChargePoint offers.
ChargePoint also derives other revenue from fees received for regulatory credits earned for participating in low carbon fuel programs in approved U.S. states. ChargePoint claims these regulatory credits only if they are not claimed by purchasers of its EV charging stations; only a small percentage of its customers currently elect to claim such credits. If a material percentage of its customers were to claim these regulatory credits, ChargePoint’s revenue from this source could decline significantly, which could have an adverse effect on its revenue and overall gross margin. Prior to fiscal year 2021, ChargePoint derived a slight majority of its other revenue from these regulatory credits. However, revenue from this source as a percentage of total revenue has declined recently and may continue to decline over time. Further, the availability of such credits depends on continued governmental support for these programs. If these programs are modified, reduced or eliminated, ChargePoint’s ability to generate this revenue in the future would be adversely impacted.
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Supply chain disruptions and COVID-19
In March 2020, the World Health Organization characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. The impact of COVID-19, including changes in consumer and business behavior, pandemic fears and market downturns, and restrictions on business and individual activities, has created significant volatility in the global economy and led to reduced economic activity. The spread of COVID-19 has disrupted ChargePoint’s supply chain and heightened its freight and logistic costs, and has similarly disrupted manufacturing, delivery and overall supply chain of vehicle manufacturers and suppliers, which has led to fluctuations in EV sales in markets around the world. These ongoing supply chain challenges and heightened logistic costs decreased gross margins in the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022, and ChargePoint expects that gross margins will continue to be adversely affected by increased material costs and freight and logistic expenses in fiscal year ending January 31, 2023.
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, ChargePoint initially modified its business practices (including reducing employee travel, recommending that all non-essential personnel work from home and canceling or reducing physical participation in sales activities, meetings, events and conferences), implemented additional safety protocols for essential workers, and implemented temporary cost cutting measures in order to reduce its operating costs. ChargePoint has commenced a “return-to-office” plan, which includes shifting to a hybrid model where employees have flexibility to work from home, ChargePoint has not yet set a return-to-office-date in light of the dynamic nature of the COVID-19 pandemic.The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in government authorities implementing numerous measures to try to contain the COVID-19 virus, such as travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, stay-at-home or shelter-in-place orders and business shutdowns. While these measures may be relaxed or revised in some areas, there is no guarantee these measures will not be reinstated or resumed due to additional variants of COVID-19 or the inability or ineffectiveness of public health measures to limit the further spread of COVID-19. ChargePoint may take further actions as may be required by government authorities or that it determines are in the best interests of its employees, customers, suppliers, vendors and business partners as the result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The ultimate full societal and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic remains unknown and its duration and extent depend on current and future developments that cannot be accurately predicted. It has already had an adverse effect on the global economy, which have and likely will vary over time and across the geographies in which ChargePoint operates. For example, variations in work-from-home policies can cause fluctuations in ChargePoint’s revenues, and ChargePoint believes that since people are not yet fully back to offices it has not yet seen the full return of commercial customer demand for its products. The conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, such as more permanent work-from-home policies, are likely to continue affecting the rate of global infrastructure spending, and thus to continue to adversely impact ChargePoint’s commercial business and its overall gross margin as ChargePoint’s commercial business contributes higher margins than its residential and fleet businesses. Further, the COVID-19 pandemic could continue to heighten supply chain pricing and logistics expenses and further adversely impact ChargePoint’s gross margins, adversely affect demand for ChargePoint’s platforms, lengthen its product development and sales cycles, reduce the value, renewal rate or duration of subscriptions, negatively impact collections of accounts receivable, reduce expected spending from new customers, cause some of its paying customers to go out of business and limit the ability of its direct sales force to travel to customers and potential customers, all of which could adversely affect ChargePoint’s business, results of operations and financial condition.
Results of Operations & its Components
Revenue
Networked Charging Systems
Networked Charging Systems revenue includes the deliveries of EV charging system infrastructure, which include a range of Level 2 AC products for use in residential, commercial and fleet applications, and Level 3 DC, or fast-charge products for use in commercial and fleet applications. A significant portion of ChargePoint’s Networked Charging Systems revenue is presently derived from the sale of Level 2 AC products. ChargePoint generally recognizes revenue from sales of Networked Charging Systems upon shipment to the customer, at which point ChargePoint’s performance obligation is satisfied.
Subscriptions
Subscriptions revenue consists of services related to Cloud, as well as extended maintenance service plans under Assure. Subscriptions revenue also consists of CPaaS revenue which combines the customer’s use of ChargePoint’s owned and operated systems with Cloud and Assure programs into a single subscription.
CPaaS subscriptions are considered for accounting purposes to contain a lease for the customer’s use of ChargePoint’s owned and operated systems unless the location allows the customer to receive incremental economic benefit from regulatory credits earned on that EV charging system. Lessor revenue relates to operating leases and historically has not been material. Subscriptions revenue is generally recognized over time on a straight-line basis as ChargePoint has an ongoing obligation to deliver such services to the customer.
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Other
Other revenue consists of fees received for transferring regulatory credits earned for participating in low carbon fuel programs in approved states, charging related fees received from drivers using charging sites owned and operated by ChargePoint, net transaction fees earned for processing payments collected on driver charging sessions at charging sites owned by its customers, and other professional services. Revenue from regulatory credits is recognized when the regulatory credits are transferred. Revenue from fees for owned and operated sites is recognized over time on a straight-line basis over the performance period of the service contract as ChargePoint has an ongoing obligation to deliver such services. Revenue from driver charging sessions and charging transaction fees is recognized when the charging session or transaction is completed. Revenue from professional services is recognized as the services are rendered.
ChargePoint expects revenue to grow in both Networked Charging Systems and subscriptions due to increased demand in EVs and the related charging infrastructure market.

For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Networked Charging Systems$173,850 $91,893 $101,012 $81,957 89.2 %$(9,119)(9.0)%
Percentage of total revenue72.1 %62.7 %69.9 %
Networked Charging Systems revenue increased for fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to fiscal year 2021 primarily due to a continued increase in demand from customers resulting in higher volumes of systems delivered across ChargePoint’s major product families.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Subscriptions$53,512 $40,563 $28,930 $12,949 31.9 %$11,633 40.2 %
Percentage of total revenue22.2 %27.7 %20.0 %
Subscriptions revenue increased for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to fiscal year 2021. The increase was primarily due to the growth in the number of Networked Charging Systems connected to ChargePoint’s network, and contributions from newly acquired companies in Europe.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Other revenue$13,644 $14,034 $14,573 $(390)(2.8)%$(539)(3.7)%
Percentage of total revenue5.7 %9.6 %10.1 %
Other revenue decreased for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to fiscal year 2021 primarily due to newly acquired companies in Europe, partially offset by a continued decrease in regulatory credits transferred.
Cost of Revenue
Networked Charging Systems
ChargePoint uses contract manufacturers to manufacture the substantial majority of its Networked Charging Systems. ChargePoint’s in-house manufacturing is typically limited to initial development units and to early customer samples. ChargePoint’s cost of revenue for the sale of Networked Charging Systems includes the contract manufacturer costs of finished goods and shipping and handling. For ChargePoint’s limited in-house production, cost of revenue for the sale of Networked Charging Systems also includes parts, labor, manufacturing costs, and allocated facilities and information technology expenses. Cost of revenue for the sale of Networked Charging Systems also consists of salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation, warranty provisions, depreciation of manufacturing related equipment and facilities, amortization of capitalized internal-use software, and allocated facilities and information technology expenses. As revenue is recognized, ChargePoint accounts for estimated warranty cost as a charge to cost of revenue. The estimated warranty cost is based on historical and predicted product failure rates and repair expenses.
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Subscriptions
Cost of Subscriptions revenue includes salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation and third-party support costs to manage the systems and helpdesk services for drivers and site hosts, network and wireless connectivity costs for subscription services, field costs for Assure, depreciation of owned and operated systems used in CPaaS arrangements, amortization of capitalized internal-use software development costs, allocated facilities and information technology expenses.
Other
Cost of other revenue includes depreciation and other costs for ChargePoint’s owned and operated charging sites, charging related processing charges, salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation, as well as costs of professional services.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Cost of Networked Charging Systems revenue$147,313 $87,083 $105,940 $60,230 69.2 %$(18,857)(17.8)%
Percentage of total revenue61.1 %59.4 %73.3 %
Cost of Networked Charging Systems revenue increased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 primarily due to an increase in the number of Networked Charging Systems delivered.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Cost of Subscriptions revenue$31,190 $20,385 $16,244 $10,805 53.0 %$4,141 25.5 %
Percentage of total revenue12.9 %13.9 %11.2 %
Cost of subscriptions revenue increased during fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 primarily due to an increase of customer support personnel cost resulting from headcount increases, including stock-based compensation.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Cost of Other Revenue$8,970 $6,073 $4,289 $2,897 47.7 %$1,784 41.6 %
Percentage of total revenue3.7 %4.1 %3.0 %
Cost of other revenue increased for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. The increase was primarily related to higher charging related processing fees and depreciation of owned and operated charging sites.
Gross Profit and Gross Margin
Gross profit is revenue less cost of revenue and gross margin is gross profit as a percentage of revenue. ChargePoint offers a range of Networked Charging Systems products which vary widely in selling price and associated gross margin, as for example ChargePoint’s commercial business contributes higher margins than its residential and fleet businesses. Accordingly, ChargePoint’s gross profit and gross margin have varied and are expected to continue to vary from period to period due to revenue levels; geographic, vertical and product mix; new product introductions, and its efforts to optimize its operations and supply chain.
In the long term, improvements in ChargePoint’s gross profit and gross margin will depend on its ability to continue to optimize its operations and supply chain as it increases its revenue. However, at least in the short term, as ChargePoint continues to optimize for customer acquisition and prioritize assurance of supply of its products as part of the “land-and-expand” model, launches new Networked Charging Systems products, grows its presence in Europe where it has not yet achieved economies of scale, and expands its solutions for its fleet customers, it expects gross margin to experience pressure and variability from period to period. In addition, ChargePoint expects
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gross margins will continue to be adversely affected by increased material costs, freight and logistic expenses as a result of ongoing worldwide supply chain disruptions and related measures.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Gross Profit$53,533 $32,949 $18,042 $20,584 62.5 %$14,907 82.6 %
Gross Margin22.2 %22.5 %12.5 %
Gross profit increased for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 primarily due to an increase in Networked Charging Systems sales that resulted from an increase in the number of Networked Charging Systems delivered.
Gross margin slightly decreased for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 as margins on Networked Charging Systems sales from improved manufacturing efficiencies were offset by lower subscription revenue margins primarily due to an increase in stock-based compensation expense.
Research and Development Expenses
Research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation, for personnel related to the development of improvements and expanded features for ChargePoint’s services, as well as quality assurance, testing, product management, amortization of capitalized internal-use software, and allocated facilities and information technology expenses. Research and development costs are expensed as incurred.
ChargePoint expects its research and development expenses to increase on an absolute basis for the foreseeable future as ChargePoint continues to invest in research and development activities to achieve its technology and product roadmap.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Research and Development Expenses$145,043 $75,017 $69,464 $70,026 93.3 %$5,553 8.0 %
Percentage of total revenue60.2 %51.2 %48.1 %
Research and development expenses increased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 and was primarily attributable to a $23.7 million increase in stock-based compensation expense from restricted stock unit (“RSU”) grants, a $22.7 million increase in salary and bonus expenses due to headcount growth, a $11.8 million increase in engineering materials and services costs, a $3.3 million increase in consulting services, as well as a $4.1 million increase in allocated costs.
Sales and Marketing Expenses
Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation, sales commissions, professional services fees, travel, marketing and promotional expenses amortization of capitalized internal-use software and allocated facilities and information technology expenses.
ChargePoint expects its sales and marketing expenses to increase on an absolute basis for the foreseeable future while it continues to add sales and marketing personnel, expand its sales channels and expand in Europe.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Sales and marketing expenses$92,550 $53,002 $56,997 $39,548 74.6 %$(3,995)(7.0)%
Percentage of total revenue38.4 %36.2 %39.4 %
Sales and marketing expenses increased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 primarily attributable to a $18.1 million increase in salary, bonus and commissions due to headcount growth, a $7.7 million increase in stock-based compensation expense resulting mainly from RSU grants, a $3.2 million increase in amortization expense mainly due to
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acquired customer relationship intangible assets from business combinations, a $2.8 million increase in marketing expense, and a $2.0 million increase in consulting expense.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation, related to finance, legal and human resource functions, contractor and professional services fees, audit and compliance expenses, insurance costs, bad debt expenses, amortization of capitalized internal-use software and general corporate expenses, including allocated facilities and information technology expenses.
ChargePoint expects its general and administrative expenses to increase in absolute dollars as it continues to grow its business and to operate as a public company, including expenses necessary to comply with the rules and regulations applicable to companies listed on a national securities exchange and related to compliance and reporting obligations pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC, as well as higher expenses for director and officer insurance, investor relations and legal, accounting and other professional services.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
General and administrative expenses$81,380 $25,922 $23,945 $55,458 213.9 %$1,977 8.3 %
Percentage of total revenue33.8 %17.7 %16.6 %
General and administrative expenses increased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 primarily attributable to a $27.4 million increase in stock-based compensation expense resulting from RSU grants and stock option grants, a $7.6 million increase in salary expense due to headcount growth, a $11.1 million increase in professional services fees related to acquisitions and expenses associated with an underwritten secondary offering of shares held by certain selling stockholders in July 2021, a $2.1 million increase in ViriCiti Earnout liability and a $9.0 million increase in consulting expenses.
Interest Income
Interest income consists primarily of interest earned on ChargePoint’s cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Interest income$98 $315 $3,245 $(217)(68.9)%$(2,930)(90.3)%
Percentage of total revenue— %0.2 %2.2 %
Interest income decreased during fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 reflective of the low-interest rate environment.
Interest Expense
Interest expense consists primarily of the interest on ChargePoint’s term loan, which was paid off in March 2021.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
2022202120202022 vs 20212021 vs 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Interest expense$(1,502)$(3,253)$(3,544)$1,751 (53.8)%$291 (8.2)%
Percentage of total revenue(0.6)%(2.2)%(2.5)%
Interest expense decreased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 primarily due to repayment of ChargePoint’s 2018 term loan facility (the “2018 Loan”) in March 2021. As of January 31, 2022, ChargePoint had no outstanding loans.
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Change in Fair Value of Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock Warrant Liability
Redeemable convertible preferred stock warrant liability is subject to remeasurement to fair value at each balance sheet date. Changes in fair value of redeemable convertible preferred stock warrant liability are recognized in the consolidated statements of operations. ChargePoint adjusts the liability for changes in fair value until the earlier of the exercise or expiration of the warrants and conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock into Common Stock.
Year Ended January 31,Year-over-Year Change
2022202120202022 to 20212021 to 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Changes in fair value of redeemable convertible preferred stock warrant liability$9,237 $(73,125)$(875)$82,362 (112.6)%$(72,250)8257.1 %
Percentage of total revenue3.8 %(49.9)%(0.6)%
The change in fair value of redeemable convertible preferred stock warrant liability during fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 was primarily due to changes in the fair value of Legacy ChargePoint’s redeemable convertible preferred stock through the date of the Merger. As of January 31, 2022, ChargePoint had no outstanding redeemable convertible preferred stock warrant liabilities.
Change in Fair Value of Contingent Earnout Liability
Contingent earnout liability was accounted for as a liability as of the date of the Merger and remeasured to fair value until the Earnout Triggering Events were met for the first two tranches in March 2021 and the corresponding Earnout Shares were issued. In March 2021, the remaining earnout liability for the third tranche converted to be accounted for as equity. The Earnout Triggering Event was met for the third and final tranche in June 2021, and in July 2021, the remaining Earnout Shares were issued.
Year Ended January 31,Year-over-Year Change
2022202120202022 to 20212021 to 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Changes in fair value of earnout liability$84,420 $— $— $84,420 100.0 %$— — %
Percentage of total revenue35.0 %— %— %
ChargePoint recognized an increase in fair value of contingent earnout liability of $84.4 million for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 due to the decrease in the fair value of ChargePoint’s Common Stock after consummation of the Merger.
Transaction Costs Expensed
Transaction costs consist of legal, accounting, banking fees and other costs that were directly related to the consummation of the Merger. Transaction costs related to the issuance of shares were recognized in stockholders’ equity (deficit) while costs associated with the warrant liabilities and non-capitalized amounts were expensed in the consolidated statements of operations upon the completion of the Merger on February 26, 2021.
Year Ended January 31,Year-over-Year Change
2022202120202022 to 20212021 to 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Transaction costs expensed$(7,031)$— $— $(7,031)100.0 %$— — %
Percentage of total revenue(2.9)%— %— %
During the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022, ChargePoint expensed $7.0 million out of $36.5 million total transaction costs that related to the warrant liabilities assumed as part of the Merger.
Other Income (Expense), Net
Other income (expense), net consists primarily of foreign currency transaction gains and losses.
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Year Ended January 31,Year-over-Year Change
2022202120202022 to 20212021 to 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Other income (expense), net$(2,775)$229 $(565)$(3,004)(1311.8)%$794 (140.5)%
Percentage of total revenue(1.2)%0.2 %(0.4)%
Other income (expense), net changed from $0.2 million during the year ended January 31, 2021 to $(2.8) million during the year ended January 31, 2022 due to unfavorable changes in foreign exchange rates.
Provision for Income Taxes
ChargePoint’s provision for income taxes consists of federal, state and foreign income taxes based on enacted federal, state and foreign tax rates, as adjusted for allowable credits, deductions, uncertain tax positions, changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities and changes in tax law. Due to the level of historical losses, ChargePoint maintains a valuation allowance against U.S. federal and state deferred tax assets as it has concluded it is more likely than not that these deferred tax assets will not be realized.
Year Ended January 31,Year-over-Year Change
2022202120202022 to 20212021 to 2020
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Provision (benefit) for income taxes$(2,930)$198 $224 $(3,128)(1579.8)%$(26)(11.6)%
Percentage of loss before provision (benefit) for income taxes2.2 %(0.1)%(0.2)%
The benefit for income taxes increased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021 due to valuation allowance release and losses from the acquisitions in the current year.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources of Liquidity
ChargePoint has incurred net losses and negative cash flows from operations since its inception, which it anticipates will continue for the foreseeable future. To date, ChargePoint has funded its business and the acquisitions of ViriCiti and HTB primarily with proceeds from the issuance of redeemable convertible preferred stock, proceeds from the Merger, proceeds from warrant and option exercises for cash and from customer payments. As of January 31, 2022 and 2021, ChargePoint had cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of $315.6 million and $145.9 million, respectively. ChargePoint believes that its cash on hand and cash generated from sales to customers will satisfy its working capital and capital requirements for at least the next twelve months.
From inception to January 31, 2022, ChargePoint has raised aggregate net cash proceeds of $615.7 million from the sale of shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock and $479.2 million from the Merger and the concurrent purchase by certain investors of shares of Common Stock pursuant to separate subscription agreements (the “PIPE financing”). During the fiscal year ended January 31, 2022, ChargePoint received $118.9 million in proceeds from warrant exercises.
In March 2021, ChargePoint repaid the entire 2018 Loan balance of $35.0 million plus accrued interest and prepayment fees of $1.2 million. As of January 31, 2022, ChargePoint had no outstanding loans.
Long-Term Liquidity Requirements
Until ChargePoint can generate sufficient revenue to cover its cost of sales, operating expenses, working capital and capital expenditures, it expects to primarily fund cash needs through a combination of equity and debt financing. If ChargePoint raises funds by issuing equity securities or debt securities convertible into equity securities, dilution to stockholders may result. Any equity securities issued may also provide for rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of holders of Common Stock. If ChargePoint raises funds by issuing debt securities, these debt securities would have rights, preferences and privileges senior to those of holders of Common Stockholders. The terms of debt securities or borrowings could impose significant restrictions on ChargePoint’s operations. The capital markets have in the past, and may in the future, experience periods of higher volatility that could impact the availability and cost of equity and debt financing.
ChargePoint’s principal use of cash in recent periods has been funding its operations, the acquisitions of ViriCiti and HTB, and investing in capital expenditures. ChargePoint’s future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including its revenue growth
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rate, the timing and the amount of cash received from customers, the expansion of sales and marketing activities, the timing and extent of spending to support development efforts, expenses associated with its international expansion, the introduction of network enhancements and the continuing market adoption of its network. In the future, ChargePoint may enter into arrangements to acquire or invest in complementary businesses, products and technologies. ChargePoint may be required to seek additional equity or debt financing.
If ChargePoint requires additional financing, it may not be able to raise such financing on acceptable terms or at all. If ChargePoint is unable to raise additional capital or generate cash flows necessary to expand its operations and invest in continued innovation, it may not be able to compete successfully, which would harm its business, results of operations and financial condition. If adequate funds are not available, ChargePoint may need to reconsider its expansion plans or limit its research and development activities, which could have a material adverse impact on its business prospects and results of operations.
Cash Flows
For the Fiscal Years Ended January 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020
The following table sets forth a summary of ChargePoint’s cash flows for the periods indicated:
Year Ended January 31,
202220212020
(in thousands)
Net cash (used in) provided by:
Operating activities$(157,178)$(91,846)$(87,936)
Investing activities(221,740)35,530 (61,899)
Financing activities549,687 128,913 17,158 
Effects of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(1,025)141 132 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$169,744 $72,738 $(132,545)
Net Cash Used in Operating Activities
During the year ended January 31, 2022, net cash used in operating activities was $157.2 million, consisting primarily of a net loss of $132.2 million and non-cash charges of $42.0 million, partially offset by a change in operating assets and liabilities of $17.1 million. The non-cash charges consisted primarily of a $84.4 million change in the fair value of contingent earnout liability and a $57.1 million change in the fair value of warrant liabilities, offset by a $67.3 million stock-based compensation expense, a $16.5 million depreciation and amortization, and $7.0 million transaction costs related to the consummation of the Merger. The change in operating assets and liabilities was mainly driven by increases in deferred revenue of $55.3 million, accrued and other liabilities of $21.6 million and accounts payable of $7.9 million, partially offset by an increase in accounts receivable of $38.4 million and prepaid expenses and other assets of $23.9 million and a decrease in operating lease liabilities of $3.5 million.
During the year ended January 31, 2021, net cash used in operating activities was $91.8 million, consisting primarily of a net loss of $197.0 million, partially offset by a decrease in net operating assets of $10.2 million and non-cash charges of $95.0 million. The decrease in net operating assets was due to a $17.2 million increase in deferred revenue, a $11.6 million increase in accrued and other liabilities and a $3.3 million decrease in accounts receivable, net due to increased collections, largely offset by a $8.9 million increase in prepaid expenses and other assets, a $9.6 million increase in inventory, a $2.8 million decrease in operating lease liabilities and a $0.5 million decrease in accounts payable. The non-cash charges primarily consisted of a $73.1 million change in the fair value of redeemable convertible preferred stock warrant liability, $10.1 million of depreciation and amortization expense, $4.9 million of stock-based compensation expense and $3.8 million of non-cash operating lease cost.
Net Cash Provided By (Used In) Investing Activities
During the year ended January 31, 2022, net cash used in investing activities was $221.7 million consisting of cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired, of $205.3 million and purchases of property and equipment of $16.4 million.
During the year ended January 31, 2021, net cash provided by investing activities was $35.5 million, consisting of maturities of investments of $47.0 million, partially offset by purchases of property and equipment of $11.5 million.
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Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities
During the year ended January 31, 2022, net cash provided by financing activities was $549.7 million, consisting of net proceeds from the Merger and PIPE financing of $511.6 million, proceeds from the exercise of warrants of $118.9 million and proceeds from exercises of vested and unvested stock options of $4.9 million and change in driver funds and amounts due to customers of $3.7 million, partially offset by repayment of borrowings of $36.1 million, payment of transaction costs related to the Merger of $32.5 million and payment of tax withholding obligations on settlement of earnout shares of $20.9 million.
During the year ended January 31, 2021, net cash provided by financing activities was $128.9 million, consisting of net proceeds from the issuance of Legacy ChargePoint redeemable convertible preferred stock of $95.5 million, proceeds from the issuance of Legacy ChargePoint common stock warrants of $31.5 million and proceeds from exercises of vested and unvested stock options of $5.9 million, partially offset by $4.0 million of payment of deferred transaction costs.
Contractual Obligations and Commitments
ChargePoint’s material cash requirements include the following contractual obligations and commitments as of January 31, 2022. For more information regarding ChargePoint’s other contractual obligations, refer to Note 8 to its consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report.
Operating Lease Obligations
ChargePoint has operating lease obligations for office spaces and data centers. As of January 31, 2022, ChargePoint had lease payment obligations, net of sublease income, of $38.0 million, with $6.3 million payable within twelve months.
Purchase Commitments
ChargePoint enters into purchase commitments that include purchase orders and agreements in the normal course of business with contract manufacturers, parts manufacturers, vendors for research and development services and outsourced services.
The purchase commitments as of January 31, 2022 was $167.0 million, with $165.4 million payable within 12 months.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Management’s discussion and analysis of ChargePoint’s financial condition and results of operations is based on its consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires ChargePoint to make estimates and assumptions for the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses and related disclosures. ChargePoint’s estimates are based on its historical experience and on various other factors that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions and any such differences may be material.
While ChargePoint’s significant accounting policies are described in more detail in Note 2 to its consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report, it believes the following accounting policies and estimates to be most critical to the preparation of its consolidated financial statements.
Revenue Recognition
ChargePoint recognizes revenue using the five-step model in determining revenue recognition: (a) identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer; (b) identification of the performance obligations in the contract; (c) determination of the transaction price; (d) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (e) recognition of revenue when, or as, it satisfies a performance obligation.
ChargePoint enters into contracts with customers that regularly include promises to transfer multiple products and services, such as charging systems, software subscriptions, extended maintenance, and professional services. For arrangements with multiple products and services, ChargePoint evaluates whether the individual products and services qualify as distinct performance obligations. In ChargePoint’s assessment of whether products and services are a distinct performance obligation, it determines whether the customer can benefit from the product or service on its own or with other readily available resources and whether the service is separately identifiable from other products or services in the contract. This evaluation requires ChargePoint to assess the nature of each of its Networked Charging Systems, subscriptions and other offerings and how they are provided in the context of the contract, including whether they are significantly integrated which may require judgment based on the facts and circumstances of the contract.
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The transaction price for each contract is determined based on the amount ChargePoint expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for transferring the promised products or services to the customer. Collectability of revenue is reasonably assured based on historical evidence of collectability of fees ChargePoint charges its customers. The transaction price in the contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation in an amount that represents the relative amount of consideration expected to be received in exchange for satisfying each performance obligation. Revenue is recognized when performance obligations are satisfied. Revenue is recorded based on the transaction price excluding amounts collected on behalf of third parties such as sales taxes, which are collected on behalf of and remitted to governmental authorities, or driver fees,which are collected on behalf of customers who offer public charging for a fee.
When agreements involve multiple distinct performance obligations, ChargePoint accounts for individual performance obligations separately if they are distinct. ChargePoint applies significant judgment in identifying and accounting for each performance obligation, as a result of evaluating terms and conditions in contracts. The transaction price is allocated to the separate performance obligations on a relative standalone selling price (“SSP”) basis. ChargePoint determines SSP based on observable standalone selling price when it is available, as well as other factors, including the price charged to its customers, its discounting practices and its overall pricing objectives, while maximizing observable inputs. In situations where pricing is highly variable, or a product is never sold on a stand-alone basis, ChargePoint estimates the SSP using the residual approach.
Areas of Judgment and Estimates
Determining whether the Networked Charging Systems, Cloud, Assure and professional services are considered distinct performance obligations that should be accounted for separately or as a single performance obligation requires significant judgment. In reaching its conclusion, ChargePoint assesses the nature of each individual service offering and how the services are provided in the context of the contract, including whether the services are significantly integrated, which may require judgment based on the facts and circumstances of the contract.
Determining the relative SSP for contracts that contain multiple performance obligations requires significant judgment. ChargePoint determines SSP using observable pricing when available, which takes into consideration market conditions and customer specific factors while maximizing observable inputs. When observable pricing is not available, ChargePoint first allocates to the performance obligations with established SSPs and then applies the residual approach to allocate the remaining transaction price.
Inventory
Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is computed using standard cost, which approximates actual cost, on a first-in, first-out basis. Inventory levels are analyzed periodically and written down to their net realizable value if they have become obsolete, have a cost basis in excess of expected net realizable value or are in excess of expected demand. ChargePoint analyzes current and future product demand relative to the remaining product life to identify potential excess inventories. These forecasts of future demand are based upon historical trends and adjusted for overall market conditions. Inventory write-downs are measured as the difference between the cost of the inventory and its net realizable value, and charged to inventory reserves, which is a component of cost of revenue. At the point of the loss recognition, a new, lower cost basis for those inventories is established, and subsequent changes in facts and circumstances do not result in the restoration or increase in that newly established cost basis.
Business Combination
Business combinations are accounted for under the acquisition method. Assets acquired and liabilities assumed as part of a business acquisition are generally recorded at their estimated fair value at the date of acquisition. The excess of purchase price over the amount allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, if any, is recorded as goodwill. In determining the fair value of assets acquired, including intangible assets, and liabilities assumed, ChargePoint utilizes a variety of methods. Each asset acquired and liability assumed is measured at fair value from the perspective of a market participant. The method used to estimate the fair values of intangible assets incorporates significant estimates and assumptions regarding the estimates a market participant would make in order to evaluate an asset, including a market participant’s use of the asset, future cash inflows and outflows, probabilities of success, asset lives and the appropriate discount rates. This judgment and determination affects the amount of consideration paid that is allocated to assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the business purchase transaction.The Company engages third-party appraisal firms to assist in determining fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed when appropriate.
During the remeasurement period, which extends no later than one year from the acquisition date, ChargePoint may record certain adjustments to the carrying value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed with a corresponding offset to goodwill.
Stock-based Compensation
Determining the grant date fair value of options using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model requires management to make certain assumptions and judgments. These estimates involve inherent uncertainties, and, if different assumptions had been used, stock-based compensation expense could have been materially different from the amounts recorded. Stock-based compensation is measured at
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the grant date, based on the fair value of the award and is recognized as an expense, net of estimated forfeitures, on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. ChargePoint estimates the forfeiture rate based on the historical experience at the date of grant and revises it, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. For performance-based stock options issued, the value of the award is measured at the grant date as the fair value of the award and is expensed over the requisite service period, using the accelerated attribution method, once the performance condition becomes probable of being achieved. These inputs are subjective and generally required significant analysis and judgment to develop.
The determination of the grant date fair value of stock option awards issued is affected by a number of variables, including the fair value of ChargePoint’s underlying Common Stock, expected Common Stock price volatility over the term of the option award, the expected term of the award, risk-free interest rates, and the expected dividend yield of ChargePoint Common Stock.
Fair value of the underlying common stock: For the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021 and 2020, the absence of a public market for Legacy ChargePoint’s common stock required its board of directors to estimate the fair value of its common stock for purposes of granting options and for determining stock-based compensation expense by considering several objective and subjective factors, including contemporaneous third-party valuations, actual and forecasted operating and financial results, market conditions and performance of comparable publicly traded companies, developments and milestones in Legacy ChargePoint, the rights and preferences of common and redeemable convertible preferred stock, and transactions involving the Legacy ChargePoint’s stock. The fair value of the Legacy ChargePoint’s common stock was determined in accordance with applicable elements of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants guide, Valuation of Privately Held Company Equity Securities Issued as Compensation.
Expected volatility (Stock Options): As Legacy ChargePoint was not publicly traded, the expected volatility for Legacy ChargePoint’s stock options were determined by using an average of historical volatilities of selected industry peers deemed to be comparable to the Legacy ChargePoint’s business corresponding to the expected term of the awards. The Company did not grant any options during the year ended January 31, 2022.
Expected volatility (Employee Stock Purchase Plan): The expected volatility for employee stock purchase plan was determined by using a blended volatility approach of peer volatility and implied volatility. Peer volatility was calculated as the average of historical volatilities of selected industry peers deemed to be comparable to ChargePoint’s business corresponding to the expected term of the awards.
Risk-free interest rate: The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for zero-coupon U.S. Treasury notes with maturities corresponding to the expected term of the awards.
Expected dividend yield: The expected dividend rate is zero as ChargePoint currently has no history or expectation of declaring dividends on its Common Stock.
Expected term: The expected term represented the period these stock awards were expected to remain outstanding and is based on historical experience of similar awards, giving consideration to the contractual terms of the stock-based awards, vesting schedules, and expectations of future employee behavior.
Common Stock Valuation
The fair value of Legacy ChargePoint common stock has historically been determined by the Board with the assistance of management.
In the absence of a public trading market for Legacy ChargePoint Common Stock, on each grant date, Legacy ChargePoint developed an estimate of the fair value of Legacy ChargePoint common stock based on the information known on the date of grant, upon a review of any recent events and their potential impact on the estimated fair value per share of ChargePoint Common Stock, and in part on input from contemporaneous third- party valuations.
ChargePoint’s valuations of Legacy ChargePoint Common Stock was determined in accordance with the guidelines outlined in the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Practice Aid, Valuation of Privately-Held-Company Equity Securities Issued as Compensation.
The assumptions used to determine the estimated fair value of Legacy ChargePoint Common Stock are based on numerous objective and subjective factors, combined with management’s judgment, including:
contemporaneous third-party valuations of its common stock;
external market conditions affecting the EV industry and trends within the industry;
the rights, preferences and privileges of Legacy ChargePoint redeemable convertible preferred stock relative to those of Legacy ChargePoint Common Stock;
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the prices at which it sold shares of Legacy ChargePoint redeemable convertible preferred stock and Legacy ChargePoint Common Stock;
the prices paid in secondary transactions involving its capital stock and the facts and circumstances of each transaction to determine the extent to which they represented a fair value exchange, such as transaction volume, timing, whether the transactions occurred among willing and unrelated parties, and whether the transactions involved investors with access to its financial information;
its financial condition and operating results, including its levels of available capital resources;
the progress of its research and development efforts and its stage of development and business strategy;
the likelihood of achieving a liquidity event, such as an initial public offering or a sale of Legacy ChargePoint given prevailing market conditions;
the history and nature of its business, industry trends and competitive environment;
the lack of marketability of Legacy ChargePoint Common Stock;
equity market conditions affecting comparable public companies; and
general U.S. and global market conditions.
In determining the fair value of Legacy ChargePoint Common Stock, Legacy ChargePoint established the enterprise value of its business using the market approach and the income approach. Legacy ChargePoint also estimated the enterprise value by reference to the closest round of equity financing preceding the date of the valuation if such financing took place around the valuation date. Under the income approach, forecasted cash flows are discounted to the present value at a risk-adjusted discount rate. The valuation analyses determine discrete free cash flows over multiple years based on forecasted financial information provided by its management and a terminal value for the residual period beyond the discrete forecast, which are discounted at its estimated weighted-average cost of capital to estimate its enterprise value. Under the market approach, a group of guideline publicly-traded companies with similar financial and operating characteristics to Legacy ChargePoint were selected, and valuation multiples based on the guideline public companies’ financial information and market data were calculated. Based on the observed valuation multiples, an appropriate multiple was selected to apply to Legacy ChargePoint’s historical and forecasted revenue results.
In allocating the equity value of Legacy ChargePoint’s business among the various classes of equity securities prior to July 2020, it used the option pricing model (“OPM”) method, which models each class of equity securities as a call option with a unique claim on its assets. The OPM treats Legacy ChargePoint Common Stock and redeemable convertible preferred stock as call options on an equity value with exercise prices based on the liquidation preference of its redeemable convertible preferred stock. The common stock is modeled as a call option with a claim on the equity value at an exercise price equal to the remaining value immediately after its redeemable convertible preferred stock is liquidated. The exclusive reliance on the OPM until July 2020 was appropriate when the range of possible future outcomes was difficult to predict and resulted in a highly speculative forecast.
Since July 2020, Legacy ChargePoint used a hybrid method utilizing a combination of the OPM and the probability weighted expected return method (“PWERM”). The PWERM is a scenario-based methodology that estimates the fair value of common stock based upon an analysis of future values for Legacy ChargePoint, assuming various outcomes. The common stock value is based on the probability-weighted present value of expected future investment returns considering each of the possible outcomes available as well as the rights of each class of shares. The future value of the common stock under each outcome is discounted back to the valuation date at an appropriate risk-adjusted discount rate and probability weighted to arrive at an indication of value for the common stock. Legacy ChargePoint considered three different scenarios: (a) a transaction with a SPAC, (b) remaining a private company and (c) an acquisition by another company. Under the hybrid method, Legacy ChargePoint used the OPM, the if-converted method, and the liquidation method to allocate the equity value of its business among the various classes of stock. The if-converted method presumes that all shares of Legacy ChargePoint redeemable convertible preferred stock convert into Legacy ChargePoint Common Stock based upon their conversion terms and differences in the rights and preferences of the share of Legacy ChargePoint redeemable convertible preferred stock are ignored. The liquidation method presumes payment of proceeds in accordance with the liquidation terms of each class of stock.
After the allocation to the various classes of equity securities, a discount for lack of marketability (“DLOM”) was applied to arrive at a fair value of common stock. A DLOM was meant to account for the lack of marketability of a stock that was not publicly traded. In making the final determination of common stock value, consideration was also given to recent sales of common stock.
Application of these approaches and methodologies involves the use of estimates, judgments and assumptions that are highly complex and subjective, such as those regarding Legacy ChargePoint’s expected future revenue, expenses and future cash flows, discount rates, market multiples, the selection of comparable public companies and the probability of and timing associated with possible future events. Changes in any or all of these estimates and assumptions or the relationships between those assumptions impacted Legacy ChargePoint’s valuations as of each valuation date and may have had a material impact on the valuation of Legacy ChargePoint Common Stock.
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Income Taxes
ChargePoint utilizes the asset and liability method in accounting for income taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect the estimated future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Deferred tax expense or benefit is the result of changes in the deferred tax asset and liability. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets where it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will not be realized. ChargePoint makes estimates, assumptions and judgments to determine its provision for its income taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets. ChargePoint assesses the likelihood that its deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income, and to the extent it believes that recovery is not likely, it establishes a valuation allowance.
ChargePoint recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized from such positions are then measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon settlement. Interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits which, have not been material, are recognized within provision for income taxes.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of the consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information regarding recently issued accounting pronouncements.
Emerging Growth Company Accounting Election
Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can choose not to take advantage of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies, and any such election to not take advantage of the extended transition period is irrevocable.
Prior to January 31, 2022, ChargePoint was an “emerging growth company” as defined in Section 2(A) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period for new or revised financial accounting standards. ChargePoint had taken advantage of the benefits of the extended transition period, although it may have decided to early adopt such new or revised standards to the extent permitted by such standards. In addition, ChargePoint relied on other exemptions and reduced reporting requirements provided by the JOBS Act. This may make it difficult or impossible to compare ChargePoint financial results with the financial results of another public company that is either not an emerging growth company or is an emerging growth company that has chosen not to take advantage of the extended transition period exemptions because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

Effective January 31, 2022, ChargePoint exited its emerging growth company status and met the definition of a large accelerated filer, as defined under Rule 12-b-2 of the Exchange Act. The accommodation afforded to an emerging growth company will no longer apply.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Interest Rate Risk
ChargePoint is exposed to market risk for changes in interest rates. ChargePoint had cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash totaling $315.6 million as of January 31, 2022. Cash equivalents were invested primarily in money market funds. ChargePoint’s investment policy is focused on the preservation of capital and supporting its liquidity needs. Under the policy, ChargePoint invests in highly rated securities, issued by the U.S. government or liquid money market funds. ChargePoint does not invest in financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes, nor does it use leveraged financial instruments. ChargePoint utilizes external investment managers who adhere to the guidelines of its investment policy. A hypothetical 10% change in interest rates would not have a material impact on the value of ChargePoint’s cash and cash equivalents.
Foreign Currency Risk
ChargePoint has foreign currency risks related to its revenue and operating expenses denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, primarily the euro, causing both its revenue and its operating results to be impacted by fluctuations in the exchange rates.
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Gains or losses from the revaluation of certain cash balances, accounts receivable balances and intercompany balances that are denominated in these currencies impact ChargePoint’s net loss. A hypothetical decrease in all foreign currencies against the U.S. dollar of 10% would not result in a material foreign currency loss on foreign-denominated balances, as of January 31, 2022. As ChargePoint’s foreign operations expand, its results may be more materially impacted by fluctuations in the exchange rates of the currencies in which it does business.
At this time, ChargePoint does not enter into financial instruments to hedge its foreign currency exchange risk, but it may in the future.
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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.

Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of ChargePoint Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of January 31, 2022 and 2021, and the related consolidated statements of operations, of comprehensive loss, of redeemable convertible preferred stock and stockholder’s equity (deficit) and of cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 31, 2022, including the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). We also have audited the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of January 31, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of January 31, 2022 and 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 31, 2022 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company did not maintain, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 31, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the COSO because material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting existed as of that date related to the Company not designing and maintaining (i) an effective control environment, specifically an insufficient complement of personnel with an appropriate degree of accounting knowledge, experience and training to appropriately analyze, record and disclose accounting matters; (ii) formal accounting policies, procedures and controls over significant accounts and disclosures to achieve complete, accurate and timely financial accounting, reporting and disclosures, including accounting for complex features associated with warrants, segregation of duties and adequate controls related to the preparation and review of journal entries; (iii) effective controls over the review of the inputs and assumptions used in the valuation of intangible assets acquired in a business combination; and (iv) effective controls over certain information technology general controls for information systems that are relevant to the preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements, including effective controls over program change management, user access and program development.

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. The material weaknesses referred to above are described in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. We considered these material weaknesses in determining the nature, timing, and extent of audit tests applied in our audit of the January 31, 2022 consolidated financial statements, and our opinion regarding the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting does not affect our opinion on those consolidated financial statements.

Basis for Opinions

The Company's management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in management's report referred to above. Our responsibility is to express opinions on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

As described in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, management has excluded ViriCiti Group B.V. (“ViriCiti”) and has•to•be gmbh (“HTB”) from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of January 31, 2022 because they were acquired by the Company in purchase business combinations during fiscal 2022. We have also excluded ViriCiti and HTB from our audit of internal control over financial reporting. ViriCiti and HTB are wholly-owned subsidiaries whose total assets and total revenues excluded from management’s assessment and our audit of internal control over financial reporting collectively represent 1.7% and 2.6%, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended January 31, 2022.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting
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principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (i) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (ii) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

Consolidated Financial Statements – Impact of Personnel and Controls Related to Financial Reporting

The completeness and accuracy of the consolidated financial statements, including the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows, is dependent on, in part, (i) maintaining a sufficient complement of personnel with