EX-10.5 6 tv523839_ex10-5.htm EXHIBIT 10.5

 

Exhibit 10.5

 

  REDACTED
  *Certain identified information has been excluded from the exhibit because it is both (i) not material and (ii) would be competitively harmful if publicly disclosed.*

 

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE

 

PATENT LICENSE AGREEMENT – EXCLUSIVE

 

This Agreement is based on the model Patent License Exclusive Agreement adopted by the U.S. Public Health Service (“PHS”) Technology Transfer Policy Board for use by components of the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”), and the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”), which are agencies of the PHS within the Department of Health and Human Services (“HHS”).

 

This Cover Page identifies the Parties to this Agreement:

 

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, as represented by

 

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (hereinafter referred to as the “NIAAA”) and

 

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (hereinafter referred to as the “NIDA”)

 

(hereinafter referred to as the “IC”) of the

 

National Institutes of Health (hereinafter referred to as the “NIH”)

 

and

 

Vital Spark, Inc.,

 

hereinafter referred to as the “Licensee”,

 

having offices at 11 Reuven Shari, Jerusalem, Israel

 

created and operating under the laws of Delaware, USA

 

Tax ID No.: 32-0462348

 

 

 

 

For the IC internal use only:

 

License Number:

 

License Application Number:A-034-2016

 

Serial Number(s) of Licensed Patent(s) or Patent Application(s):

 

E-140-2014/0 Patent Family

Entitled, “Cannabinoid Receptor Mediating Compounds”

Inventors: George Kunos (NIAAA), Malliga R. Iyer (NIAAA), Resat Cinar (NIAAA), and Kenner C. Rice (NIDA), including PCT Application No. PCT/US2015/029946, filed on May 08, 2015, claiming priority to US Provisional Application No. 61/991,333 filed on May 09, 2014, and corresponding US, AU, CA, EP, CN, IN and JP filings

 

E-282-2012/0 Patent Family

Entitled, “Cannabinoid Receptor Mediating Compounds”

Inventors: George Kunos (NIAAA), Malliga R. Iyer (NIAAA), Resat Cinar (NIAAA), and Kenner C. Rice (NIDA) including PCT Application No. PCT/US2013/069686, filed on November 12, 2013, claiming priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/725,949 filed on November 13, 2012, and corresponding US, CA, EP, CN, IN and JP filing

 

E-282-2012/1 Patent Family

Entitled, “Cannabinoid Receptor Mediating Compounds”

Inventors: George Kunos (NIAAA), Malliga R. Iyer (NIAAA), Resat Cinar (NIAAA), and Kenner C. Rice (NIDA) including PCT Application No. PCT/US2016/035291, filed on June 01, 2016, claiming priority to US Provisional Application No. 62/171, 179 filed on June 04, 2015

 

Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) Number (if a subject invention):N/A

 

Additional Remarks: CRADA01638 is pending negotiation between the NIAAA and Licensee.

 

Public Benefit(s):Commercial development of the CB1/iNOS series of compounds will benefit public health by providing a new therapeutic to treat systemic sclerosis and scleroderma and other skin fibrotic diseases in humans.

 

This Patent License Agreement, hereinafter referred to as the Agreement”, consists of this Cover Page, an attached Agreement, a Signature Page, Appendix A (List of Patent(s) or Patent Application(s)), Appendix B (Fields of Use and Territory), Appendix C (Royalties), Appendix D (Benchmarks and Performance), Appendix E (Commercial Development Plan), Appendix F (Example Royalty Report), and Appendix G (Royalty Payment Options).

 

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The IC and the Licensee agree as follows:

 

1.BACKGROUND

 

1.1In the course of conducting biomedical and behavioral research, the IC investigators made inventions that may have commercial applicability.

 

1.2By assignment of rights from IC employees and other inventors, HHS, on behalf of the Government, owns intellectual property rights claimed in any United States or foreign patent applications or patents corresponding to the assigned inventions. HHS also owns any tangible embodiments of these inventions actually reduced to practice by the IC.

 

1.3The Secretary of HHS has delegated to the IC the authority to enter into this Agreement for the licensing of rights to these inventions.

 

1.4The IC desires to transfer these inventions to the private sector through commercialization licenses to facilitate the commercial development of products and processes for public use and benefit.

 

1.5The Licensee desires to acquire commercialization rights to certain of these inventions in order to develop processes, methods, or marketable products for public use and benefit.

 

2.DEFINITIONS

 

2.1Affiliate(s)means a corporation or other business entity, which directly or indirectly is controlled by or controls, or is under common control with the Licensee. For this purpose, the term “control” shall mean ownership of more than fifty percent (50%) of the voting stock or other ownership interest of the corporation or other business entity, or the power to elect or appoint more than fifty percent (50%) of the members of the governing body of the corporation or other business entity.

 

2.2Benchmarksmean the performance milestones that are set forth in Appendix D.

 

2.3Commercial Development Planmeans the written commercialization plan attached as Appendix E.

 

2.4CRADAmeans a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement.

 

2.5FDA means the Food and Drug Administration.

 

2.6First Commercial Salemeans the initial transfer by or on behalf of the Licensee or its sublicensees of the Licensed Products or the initial practice of a Licensed Process by or on behalf of the Licensee or its sublicensees in exchange for cash or some equivalent to which value can be assigned for the purpose of determining Net Sales.

 

2.7Governmentmeans the Government of the United States of America.

 

2.8Licensed Fields of Usemeans the fields of use identified in Appendix B.

 

2.9Licensed Patent Rightsshall mean:

 

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(a)Patent applications (including provisional patent applications and PCT patent applications) or patents listed in Appendix A, all divisions and continuations of these applications, all patents issuing from these applications, divisions, and continuations, and any reissues, reexaminations, and extensions of these patents;

 

(b)to the extent that the following contain one or more claims directed to the invention or inventions disclosed in 2.9(a):

 

(i)continuations-in-part of 2.9(a);

 

(ii)all divisions and continuations of these continuations-in-part;

 

(iii)all patents issuing from these continuations-in-part, divisions, and continuations;

 

(iv)priority patent application(s) of 2.9(a); and

 

(v)any reissues, reexaminations, and extensions of these patents;

 

(c)to the extent that the following contain one or more claims directed to the invention or inventions disclosed in 2.9(a): all counterpart foreign and U.S. patent applications and patents to 2.9(a) and 2.9(b), including those listed in Appendix A; and

 

(d)Licensed Patent Rights shall not include 2.9(b) or 2.9(c) to the extent that they contain one or more claims directed to new matter which is not the subject matter disclosed in 2.9(a).

 

2.10Licensed Processesmeans processes which, in the course of being practiced, would be within the scope of one or more claims of the Licensed Patent Rights that have not been held unpatentable, invalid or unenforceable by an unappealed or unappealable judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction.

 

2.11Licensed Productsmeans tangible materials which, in the course of manufacture, use, sale, or importation, would be within the scope of one or more claims of the Licensed Patent Rights that have not been held unpatentable, invalid or unenforceable by an unappealed or unappealable judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction.

 

2.12Licensed Territorymeans the geographical area identified in Appendix B.

 

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2.13Net Salesmeans the total gross receipts for sales of Licensed Products or practice of Licensed Processes by or on behalf of the Licensee or its sublicensees, and from leasing, renting, or otherwise making the Licensed Products available to others without sale or other dispositions, whether invoiced or not, less returns and allowances, distribution cost, packing costs, insurance costs, freight out, taxes or excise duties imposed on the transaction (if separately invoiced), and wholesaler and cash discounts in amounts customary in the trade to the extent actually granted. No deductions shall be made for commissions paid to individuals, whether they are with independent sales agencies or regularly employed by the Licensee, or sublicensees, and on its payroll, or for the cost of collections. Net Sales shall specifically exclude consideration received from the transfer of Licensed Products if the transfer is: (a) as promotional samples, and (b) as donations (for example, to non-profit institutions, international donor agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), charitable organizations or government agencies for non-commercial purposes).

 

2.14Practical Applicationmeans to manufacture in the case of a composition or product, to practice in the case of a process or method, or to operate in the case of a machine or system; and in each case, under these conditions as to establish that the invention is being utilized and that its benefits are to the extent permitted by law or Government regulations available to the public on reasonable terms.

 

2.15Research Licensemeans a nontransferable, nonexclusive license to make and to use the Licensed Products or the Licensed Processes as defined by the Licensed Patent Rights for purposes of research and not for purposes of commercial manufacture or distribution or in lieu of purchase.

 

2.16Third Party Applicantmeans any non-Licensee applicant from whom IC receives a license application for Licensed Patent Rights in the Licensed Fields of Use.

 

3.GRANT OF RIGHTS

 

3.1The IC hereby grants and the Licensee accepts, subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, an exclusive license under the Licensed Patent Rights in the Licensed Territory to make and have made, to use and have used, to sell and have sold, to offer to sell, and to import and export any Licensed Products in the Licensed Fields of Use and to practice and have practiced any Licensed Process(es) in the Licensed Fields of Use.

 

3.2This Agreement confers no license or rights by implication, estoppel, or otherwise under any patent applications or patents of the IC other than the Licensed Patent Rights regardless of whether these patents are dominant or subordinate to the Licensed Patent Rights.

 

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3.3If IC receives an acceptable written license application from a Third Party Applicant for commercial development of Licensed Products or Licensed Processes, as they pertain to Licensed Patent Rights which is included in the scope of the Licensed Field of Use under this Agreement and for which the proposed commercial development is not specifically addressed in Licensee's then-current Commercial Development Plan, IC shall notify Licensee, in writing, of the existence of the Third Party Applicant's license application, identifying the scientific, clinical or technical basis for its belief that such commercial development should occur. Upon receipt of such written notice, Licensee shall have the right within ninety (90) days to amend its Commercial Development Plan in a manner acceptable to IC including revised Benchmarks to be incorporated into Appendix D. Acceptance of said amendment to said Commercial Development Plan by IC shall take into account Licensee's ongoing efforts and normal drug development standards for obtaining FDA approval for multiple indication prophylactic and therapeutic products. If Licensee does not amend its Commercial Development Plan in a manner acceptable to IC to include a clinical research and development program for the proposed commercial development of said Licensed Products or Licensed Processes of such third party including revised Benchmarks to be incorporated into Appendix D; IC shall remove said Licensed Products or Licensed Processes from Licensed Fields of Use, and IC shall be free to license said Licensed Products or Licensed Processes to said third party.

 

4.SUBLICENSING

 

4.1Upon written approval, which shall include prior review of any sublicense agreement by the IC and which shall not be unreasonably withheld, the Licensee may enter into sublicensing agreements under the Licensed Patent Rights. IC shall provide its response within thirty (30) days as of the written request made by the Licensee. A lack of response from the IC within thirty (30) days of receipt of said written request by the IC shall be deemed an approval by the IC.

 

4.2The Licensee agrees that any sublicenses granted by it shall provide that the obligations to the IC of Paragraphs 5.1-5.4, 8.1, 10.1, 10.2, 12.5, and 13.8-13.10 of this Agreement shall be binding upon the sublicensee as if it were a party to this Agreement. The Licensee further agrees to attach copies of these Paragraphs to all sublicense agreements.

 

4.3Any sublicenses granted by the Licensee shall provide for the termination of the sublicense, or the conversion to a license directly between the sublicensees and the IC, at the option of the sublicensee, upon termination of this Agreement under Article 13. This conversion is subject to the IC approval and contingent upon acceptance by the sublicensee of the remaining provisions of this Agreement.

 

4.4The Licensee agrees to forward to the IC a complete copy of each fully executed sublicense agreement postmarked within thirty (30) days of the execution of the agreement. To the extent permitted by law, the IC agrees to maintain each sublicense agreement in confidence.

 

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5.STATUTORY AND NIH REQUIREMENTS AND RESERVED GOVERNMENT RIGHTS

 

5.1(a)          The IC reserves on behalf of the Government an irrevocable, nonexclusive, nontransferable, royalty-free license for the practice of all inventions licensed           under the Licensed Patent Rights throughout the world by or on behalf of the            Government and on behalf of any foreign government or international organization pursuant to any existing or future treaty or agreement to which the Government is a signatory. Prior to the First Commercial Sale, the Licensee agrees to provide the IC with commercially reasonable quantities of the Licensed Products or materials made through the Licensed           Processes for IC research use; and

 

(b)          in the event that the Licensed Patent Rights are Subject Inventions made under CRADA the Licensee grants to the Government, pursuant to 15 U.S.C. §3710a(b)(1)(A), a nonexclusive, nontransferable, irrevocable, paid-up license to practice the Licensed Patent Rights or have the Licensed Patent Rights practiced throughout the world by or on behalf of the Government. In the exercise of this license, the Government shall not publicly disclose trade secrets or commercial or financial information that is privileged or confidential within the meaning of 5 U.S.C. §552(b)(4) or which would be considered as such if it had been obtained from a non-Federal party. Prior to the First Commercial Sale, the Licensee agrees to provide the IC with commercially reasonable quantities of the Licensed Products or materials made through the Licensed Processes for IC research use.

 

5.2The Licensee agrees that products used or sold in the United States embodying the Licensed Products or produced through use of the Licensed Processes shall be manufactured substantially in the United States, unless a written waiver is obtained in advance from the IC.

 

5.3The Licensee acknowledges that the IC may enter into future CRADAs under the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 that relate to the subject matter of this Agreement. The Licensee agrees not to unreasonably deny requests for a Research License from future collaborators with the IC when acquiring these rights is necessary in order to make a CRADA project feasible, provided that, with respect to such Research License, Licensee shall not be required to disclosed any of its confidential information and trade secrets. The Licensee may request an opportunity to join as a party to the proposed CRADA.

 

5.4

 

(a)In addition to the reserved license of Paragraph 5.1, the IC reserves the right to grant Research Licenses directly or to require the Licensee to grant Research Licenses on reasonable terms, provided however that Licensee shall not be required to disclose any confidential information and trade secrets.

 

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(b)The purpose of these Research Licenses is to encourage basic research, whether conducted at an academic or corporate facility. In order to safeguard the Licensed Patent Rights, however, the IC shall consult with the Licensee before granting to commercial entities a Research License or providing to them research samples of materials made through the Licensed Processes; and

 

(c)in exceptional circumstances, and in the event that the Licensed Patent Rights are Subject Inventions made under a CRADA, the Government, pursuant to 15 U.S.C. §3710a(b)(1)(B), retains the right to require the Licensee to grant to a responsible applicant a nonexclusive, partially exclusive, or exclusive sublicense to use the Licensed Patent Rights in the Licensed Field of Use on terms that are reasonable under the circumstances, or if the Licensee fails to grant this license, the Government retains the right to grant the license itself. The exercise of these rights by the Government shall only be in exceptional circumstances and only if the Government determines:

 

(i)the action is necessary to meet health or safety needs that are not reasonably satisfied by the Licensee;

 

(ii)the action is necessary to meet requirements for public use specified by Federal regulations, and these requirements are not reasonably satisfied by the Licensee; or

 

(iii)the Licensee has failed to comply with an agreement containing provisions described in 15 U.S.C. §3710a(c)(4)(B); and

 

(d)the determination made by the Government under this Paragraph 5.4 is subject to administrative appeal and judicial review under 35 U.S.C. §203(b).

 

6.ROYALTIES AND REIMBURSEMENT

 

6.1The Licensee agrees to pay the IC a noncreditable, nonrefundable license issue royalty as set forth in Appendix C.

 

6.2The Licensee agrees to pay the IC a nonrefundable minimum annual royalty as set forth in Appendix C.

 

6.3The Licensee agrees to pay the IC earned royalties as set forth in Appendix C.

 

6.4The Licensee agrees to pay the IC benchmark royalties as set forth in Appendix C.

 

6.5The Licensee agrees to pay the IC sublicensing royalties as set forth in Appendix C.

 

6.6A patent or patent application licensed under this Agreement shall cease to fall within the Licensed Patent Rights for the purpose of computing earned royalty payments in any given country on the earliest of the dates that:

 

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(a)the application has been abandoned and not continued;

 

(b)the patent expires or irrevocably lapses, or

 

(c)the patent has been held to be invalid or unenforceable by an unappealed or unappealable decision of a court of competent jurisdiction or administrative agency.

 

6.7No multiple royalties shall be payable because any Licensed Products or Licensed Processes are covered by more than one of the Licensed Patent Rights.

 

6.8On sales of the Licensed Products by the Licensee to sublicensees or on sales made in other than an arms-length transaction, the value of the Net Sales attributed under this Article 6 to this transaction shall be that which would have been received in an arms-length transaction, based on sales of like quantity and quality products on or about the time of this transaction.

 

6.9With regard to unreimbursed expenses associated with the preparation, filing, prosecution, and maintenance of all patent applications and patents included within the Licensed Patent Rights and paid by the IC prior to the effective date of this Agreement, the Licensee shall pay the IC, as an additional royalty, within sixty (60) days of the IC’s submission of a statement and request for payment to the Licensee, an amount equivalent to these unreimbursed expenses previously paid by the IC. When other-exclusive-licenses are granted to the Licensed Patent Rights, the Licensee will only be liable to pay its respective share resulting from such unreimbursed expenses being equally divided.

 

6.10With regard to unreimbursed expenses associated with the preparation, filing, prosecution, and maintenance of all patent applications and patents included within the Licensed Patent Rights and paid by the IC on or after the effective date of this Agreement, the IC, at its sole option, may require the Licensee to pay the IC on an annual basis, within sixty (60) days of the IC’s submission of a statement and request for payment, a royalty amount equivalent to these unreimbursed expenses paid during the previous calendar year(s). IC shall have the right to require Licensee

 

(a)to pay these unreimbursed expenses directly to the law firm employed by the IC to handle these functions, however, in this event, the IC and not the Licensee shall be the client of the law firm; or

 

(b)in limited circumstances, the Licensee may be given the right to assume responsibility for the preparation, filing, prosecution, or maintenance of any patent application or patent included with the Licensed Patent Rights. In that event, the Licensee shall directly pay the attorneys or agents engaged to prepare, file, prosecute, or maintain these patent applications or patents and shall provide the IC with copies of each invoice associated with these services as well as documentation that these invoices have been paid.

 

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6.11The IC agrees, upon written request, to provide the Licensee with summaries of patent prosecution invoices for which the IC has requested payment from the Licensee under Paragraphs 6.9 and 6.10. The Licensee agrees that all information provided by the IC related to patent prosecution costs shall be treated as confidential commercial information and shall not be released to a third party except as required by law or a court of competent jurisdiction.

 

6.12The Licensee may elect to surrender its rights in any country of the Licensed Territory under any of the Licensed Patent Rights upon ninety (90) days written notice to the IC and owe no payment obligation under Paragraph 6.10 for patent-related expenses paid in that country after ninety (90) days of the effective date of the written notice.

 

7.PATENT FILING, PROSECUTION, AND MAINTENANCE

 

7.1Except as otherwise provided in this Article 7, the IC agrees to take responsibility for, but to consult with, the Licensee in the preparation, filing, prosecution, and maintenance of any and all patent applications or patents included in the Licensed Patent Rights and shall furnish copies of relevant patent-related documents to the Licensee.

 

7.2Upon the IC’s written request, the Licensee shall assume the responsibility for the preparation, filing, prosecution, and maintenance of any and all patent applications or patents included in the Licensed Patent Rights and shall, on an ongoing basis, promptly furnish copies of all patent-related documents to the IC. In this event, the Licensee shall, subject to the prior approval of the IC, select registered patent attorneys or patent agents to provide these services on behalf of the Licensee and the IC. The IC shall provide appropriate powers of attorney and other documents necessary to undertake this action to the patent attorneys or patent agents providing these services. The Licensee and its attorneys or agents shall consult with the IC in all aspects of the preparation, filing, prosecution and maintenance of patent applications and patents included within the Licensed Patent Rights and shall provide the IC sufficient opportunity to comment on any document that the Licensee intends to file or to cause to be filed with the relevant intellectual property or patent office.

 

7.3At any time, the IC may provide the Licensee with written notice that the IC wishes to assume control of the preparation, filing, prosecution, and maintenance of any and all patent applications or patents included in the Licensed Patent Rights. If the IC elects to reassume these responsibilities, the Licensee agrees to cooperate fully with the IC, its attorneys, and agents in the preparation, filing, prosecution, and maintenance of any and all patent applications or patents included in the Licensed Patent Rights and to provide the IC with complete copies of any and all documents or other materials that the IC deems necessary to undertake such responsibilities. The Licensee shall be responsible for all costs associated with transferring patent prosecution responsibilities to an attorney or agent of the IC’s choice.

 

7.4Each party shall promptly inform the other as to all matters that come to its attention that may affect the preparation, filing, prosecution, or maintenance of the Licensed Patent Rights and permit each other to provide comments and suggestions with respect to the preparation, filing, prosecution, and maintenance of the Licensed Patent Rights, which comments and suggestions shall be considered by the other party in good faith.

 

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8.RECORD KEEPING

 

8.1The Licensee agrees to keep accurate and correct records of the Licensed Products made, used, sold, or imported and the Licensed Processes practiced under this Agreement appropriate to determine the amount of royalties due the IC. These records shall be retained for at least five (5) years following a given reporting period and shall be available, subject to a reasonable prior notice to the Licensee, during normal business hours for inspection, at the expense of the IC, by an accountant or other designated auditor selected by the IC for the sole purpose of verifying reports and royalty payments hereunder. The accountant or auditor shall only disclose to the IC information relating to the accuracy of reports and royalty payments made under this Agreement. If an inspection shows an underreporting or underpayment in excess of five percent (5%) for any twelve (12) month period, then the Licensee shall reimburse the IC for the cost of the inspection at the time the Licensee pays the unreported royalties, including any additional royalties as required by Paragraph 9.8. All royalty payments required under this Paragraph shall be due within sixty (60) days of the date the IC provides to the Licensee notice of the payment due.

 

9.REPORTS ON PROGRESS, BENCHMARKS, SALES, AND PAYMENTS

 

9.1Prior to signing this Agreement, the Licensee has provided the IC with the Commercial Development Plan in Appendix E, under which the Licensee intends to bring the subject matter of the Licensed Patent Rights to the point of Practical Application. This Commercial Development Plan is hereby incorporated by reference into this Agreement. Based on this plan, performance Benchmarks are determined as specified in Appendix D.

 

9.2The Licensee shall provide written annual reports on its product development progress or efforts to commercialize under the Commercial Development Plan for each of the Licensed Fields of Use within sixty (60) days after December 31 of each calendar year. These progress reports shall include, but not be limited to: progress on research and development, status of applications for regulatory approvals, manufacture and status of sublicensing, marketing, importing, and sales during the preceding calendar year, as well as, plans for the present calendar year. The IC also encourages these reports to include information on any of the Licensee's public service activities that relate to the Licensed Patent Rights. If reported progress differs from that projected in the Commercial Development Plan and Benchmarks, the Licensee shall explain the reasons for these differences. In the annual report, the Licensee may propose amendments to the Commercial Development Plan, acceptance of which by the IC may not be denied unreasonably. The Licensee agrees to provide any additional information reasonably required by the IC to evaluate the Licensee's performance under this Agreement. The Licensee may amend the Benchmarks at any time upon written approval by the IC. The IC shall not unreasonably withhold approval of any request of the Licensee to extend the time periods of this schedule if the request is supported by a reasonable showing by the Licensee of diligence in its performance under the Commercial Development Plan and toward bringing the Licensed Products to the point of Practical Application as defined in 37 C.F.R. §404.3(d). The Licensee shall amend the Commercial Development Plan and Benchmarks at the request of the IC to address any Licensed Fields of Use not specifically addressed in the plan originally submitted.

 

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9.3The Licensee shall report to the IC the dates for achieving Benchmarks specified in Appendix D and the First Commercial Sale in each country in the Licensed Territory within thirty (30) days of such occurrences.

 

9.4The Licensee shall submit to the IC, within sixty (60) days after each calendar half-year ending June 30 and December 31, a royalty report, as described in the example in Appendix F, setting forth for the preceding half-year period the amount of the Licensed Products sold or Licensed Processes practiced by or on behalf of the Licensee in each country within the Licensed Territory, the Net Sales, and the amount of royalty accordingly due. With each royalty report, the Licensee shall submit payment of earned royalties due. If no earned royalties are due to the IC for any reporting period, the written report shall so state. The royalty report shall be certified as correct by an authorized officer of the Licensee and shall include a detailed listing of all deductions made under Paragraph 2.13 to determine Net Sales made under Article 6 to determine royalties due. The royalty report shall also identify the site of manufacture for the Licensed Product(s) sold in the United States.

 

9.5The Licensee agrees to forward semi-annually to the IC a copy of these reports received by the Licensee from its sublicensees during the preceding half-year period as shall be pertinent to a royalty accounting to the IC by the Licensee for activities under the sublicense.

 

9.6Royalties due under Article 6 shall be paid in U.S. dollars and payment options are listed in Appendix G. For conversion of foreign currency to U.S. dollars, the conversion rate shall be the New York foreign exchange rate quoted in The Wall Street Journal on the day that the payment is due. Any loss of exchange, value, taxes, or other expenses incurred in the transfer or conversion to U.S. dollars shall be paid entirely by the Licensee. The royalty report required by Paragraph 9.4 shall be mailed to the IC at its address for Agreement Notices indicated on the Signature Page.

 

9.7The Licensee shall be solely responsible for determining if any tax on royalty income is owed outside the United States and shall pay the tax and be responsible for all filings with appropriate agencies of foreign governments.

 

9.8Additional royalties may be assessed by the IC on any payment that is more than ninety (90) days overdue at the rate of one percent (1%) per month. This one percent (1%) per month rate may be applied retroactively from the original due date until the date of receipt by the IC of the overdue payment and additional royalties. The payment of any additional royalties shall not prevent the IC from exercising any other rights it may have as a consequence of the lateness of any payment.

 

9.9All plans and reports required by this Article 9 and marked “confidential” by the Licensee shall, to the extent permitted by law, be treated by the IC as commercial and financial information obtained from a person and as privileged and confidential, and any proposed disclosure of these records by the IC under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. §552 shall be subject to the predisclosure notification requirements of 45 C.F.R. §5.65(d).

 

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10.PERFORMANCE

 

10.1The Licensee shall use its reasonable commercial efforts to bring the Licensed Products and the Licensed Processes to Practical Application. “Reasonable commercial efforts” for the purposes of this provision shall include adherence to the Commercial Development Plan in Appendix E and performance of the Benchmarks in Appendix D. The efforts of a sublicensee shall be considered the efforts of the Licensee.

 

10.2Upon the First Commercial Sale, until the expiration or termination of this Agreement, the Licensee shall use its reasonable commercial efforts to make the Licensed Products and the Licensed Processes reasonably accessible to the United States public.

 

10.3The Licensee agrees, after its First Commercial Sale and to the extent commercially reasonable, to make reasonable quantities of the Licensed Products or materials produced through the use of the Licensed Processes available to patient assistance programs. The IC agrees that such a commitment by Licensee shall not create an undue commercial burden upon Licensee, i.e., delay and/or materially affect the commercial development of the Licensed Product(s) or Licensed Process(es). Licensee will not be required to pay any earned royalty under Paragraph 6.3 of this Agreement with respect to any Licensed Products or materials used in Licensed Processes that are made available pursuant to this Paragraph 10.3.

 

10.4The Licensee agrees, after its First Commercial Sale and as part of its marketing and product promotion, to develop educational materials (e.g., brochures, website, etc.) directed to patients and physicians detailing the Licensed Products or medical aspects of the prophylactic and therapeutic uses of the Licensed Products.

 

10.5The Licensee agrees to supply, to the Mailing Address for Agreement Notices indicated on the Signature Page, the Office of Technology Transfer, NIH with inert samples of the Licensed Products or the Licensed Processes or their packaging for educational and display purposes only.

 

11.INFRINGEMENT AND PATENT ENFORCEMENT

 

11.1The IC and the Licensee agree to notify each other promptly of each infringement or possible infringement of the Licensed Patent Rights, as well as, any facts which may affect the validity, scope, or enforceability of the Licensed Patent Rights of which either party becomes aware.

 

11.2Pursuant to this Agreement and the provisions of 35 U.S.C. Chapter 29, the Licensee may:

 

(a)bring suit in its own name, at its own expense, and on its own behalf for infringement of presumably valid claims in the Licensed Patent Rights;

 

(b)in any suit, enjoin infringement and collect for its use, damages, profits, and awards of whatever nature recoverable for the infringement; or

 

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(c)settle any claim or suit for infringement made by Licensee of the Licensed Patent Rights provided, however, that the IC and appropriate Government authorities shall have the first right to take such actions at their own expense; and

 

(d)if the Licensee desires to initiate a suit for patent infringement, the Licensee shall notify the IC in writing. If the IC does not notify the Licensee of its intent to pursue legal action within ninety (90) days, the Licensee shall be free to initiate suit. The IC shall have a continuing right to intervene in the suit. The Licensee shall take no action to compel the Government either to initiate or to join in any suit for patent infringement. The Licensee may request the Government to initiate or join in any suit if necessary to avoid dismissal of the suit. Should the Government be made a party to any suit in case the Licensee requested Government to join, the Licensee shall reimburse the Government for any costs, expenses, or fees which the Government incurs as a result of the motion or other action, including all costs incurred by the Government in opposing the motion or other action. In all cases, the Licensee agrees to keep the IC reasonably apprised of the status and progress of any litigation. Before the Licensee commences an infringement action, the Licensee shall notify the IC and give careful consideration to the views of the IC and to any potential effects of the litigation on the public health in deciding whether to bring suit.

 

11.3In the event that a declaratory judgment action alleging invalidity or non-infringement of any of the Licensed Patent Rights shall be brought against the Licensee or raised by way of counterclaim or affirmative defense in an infringement suit brought by the Licensee under Paragraph 11.2, pursuant to this Agreement and the provisions of 35 U.S.C. Chapter 29 or other statutes, the Licensee may:

 

(a)defend the suit in its own name, at its own expense, and on its own behalf for presumably valid claims in the Licensed Patent Rights;

 

(b)in any suit, ultimately to enjoin infringement and to collect for its use, damages, profits, and awards of whatever nature recoverable for the infringement; and

 

(c)settle any claim or suit for declaratory judgment involving the Licensed Patent Rights-provided, however, that the IC and appropriate Government authorities shall have the first right to take these actions and shall have a continuing right to intervene in the suit at their own expense; and

 

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(d)if the IC does not notify the Licensee of its intent to respond to the legal action within a reasonable time, the Licensee shall be free to do so. The Licensee shall take no action to compel the Government either to initiate or to join in any declaratory judgment action. The Licensee may request the Government to initiate or to join any suit if necessary to avoid dismissal of the suit. Should the Government be made a party to any suit by motion or any other action of the Licensee, the Licensee shall reimburse the Government for any costs, expenses, or fees, which the Government incurs as a result of the motion or other action. If the Licensee elects not to defend against the declaratory judgment action, the IC, at its option, may do so at its own expense. In all cases, the Licensee agrees to keep the IC reasonably apprised of the status and progress of any litigation. Before the Licensee commences an infringement action, the Licensee shall notify the IC and give careful consideration to the views of the IC and to any potential effects of the litigation on the public health in deciding whether to bring suit.

 

11.4In any action under Paragraphs 11.2 or 11.3 the expenses including costs, fees, attorney fees, and disbursements, shall be paid by the Licensee. The value of any recovery actually received by the Licensee through court judgment or settlement (less attorney’s fees, expenses, taxes and other deductions) shall be treated as Net Sales and subject to earned royalties.

 

11.5The IC shall cooperate fully with the Licensee in connection with any action under Paragraphs 11.2 or 11.3. The IC agrees promptly to provide access to all necessary documents and to render reasonable assistance in response to a request by the Licensee.

 

12.NEGATION OF WARRANTIES AND INDEMNIFICATION

 

12.1The IC offers no warranties other than those specified in Article 1.

 

12.2The IC does not warrant the validity of the Licensed Patent Rights and makes no representations whatsoever with regard to the scope of the Licensed Patent Rights, or that the Licensed Patent Rights may be exploited without infringing other patents or other intellectual property rights of third parties.

 

12.3THE IC MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF ANY SUBJECT MATTER DEFINED BY THE CLAIMS OF THE LICENSED PATENT RIGHTS OR TANGIBLE MATERIALS RELATED THERETO.

 

12.4The IC does not represent that it shall commence legal actions against third parties infringing the Licensed Patent Rights.

 

12.5The Licensee shall indemnify and hold the IC, its employees, students, fellows, agents, and consultants harmless from and against all liability, demands, damages, expenses, and losses, including but not limited to death, personal injury, illness, or property damage in connection with or arising out of a third party claim brought against the IC arising from:

 

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(a)the use by or on behalf of the Licensee, its sublicensees, directors, employees, or third parties of any Licensed Patent Rights; or

 

(b)the design, manufacture, distribution, or use of any Licensed Products, Licensed Processes or materials by the Licensee, or other products or processes developed by Licensee in connection with or arising out of the Licensed Patent Rights.

 

12.6The Licensee agrees to maintain a liability insurance program consistent with sound business practice.

 

13.TERM, TERMINATION, AND MODIFICATION OF RIGHTS

 

13.1This Agreement is effective when signed by all parties, unless the provisions of Paragraph 14.16 are not fulfilled, and shall extend to the expiration of the last to expire of the Licensed Patent Rights unless sooner terminated as provided in this Article 13.

 

13.2In the event that the Licensee is in default in the performance of any material obligations under this Agreement, including but not limited to the obligations listed in Paragraph 13.5, IC shall give written notice to the Licensee and a ninety (90) day period to remedy the default. If the Licensee fails to take substantive steps to remedy the default to the IC’s satisfaction within such ninety (90) day period, the IC may terminate this Agreement by written notice and pursue outstanding royalties owed through procedures provided by the Federal Debt Collection Act.

 

13.3In the event that the Licensee becomes insolvent, files a petition in bankruptcy, has such a petition filed against it, determines to file a petition in bankruptcy, or receives notice of a third party's intention to file an involuntary petition in bankruptcy, the Licensee shall immediately notify the IC in writing.

 

13.4The Licensee shall have a unilateral right to terminate this Agreement or any licenses in any country or territory by giving the IC sixty (60) days written notice to that effect.

 

13.5The IC shall specifically have the right to terminate or modify, at its option, this Agreement, if the IC determines that the Licensee:

 

(a)is not executing the Commercial Development Plan submitted with its request for a license and the Licensee cannot otherwise demonstrate to the IC’s satisfaction that the Licensee has taken, or can be expected to take within a reasonable time, effective steps to achieve the Practical Application of the Licensed Products or the Licensed Processes;

 

(b)has not achieved the Benchmarks as may be modified under Paragraph 9.2;

 

(c)has willfully made a false statement of, or willfully omitted a material fact in the license application or in any report required by this Agreement;

 

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(d)has committed a material breach of a covenant or agreement contained in this Agreement;

 

(e)is not keeping the Licensed Products or the Licensed Processes reasonably available to the public after commercial use commences;

 

(f)cannot reasonably satisfy unmet health and safety needs; or

 

(g)cannot reasonably justify a failure to comply with the domestic production requirement of Paragraph 5.2 unless waived.

 

13.6In making the determination referenced in Paragraph 13.5, the IC shall take into account the normal course of such commercial development programs conducted with sound and reasonable business practices and judgment and the annual reports submitted by the Licensee under Paragraph 9.2. Prior to invoking termination or modification of this Agreement under Paragraph 13.5, the IC shall give written notice to the Licensee providing the Licensee specific notice of, and a ninety (90) day opportunity to respond to, the IC’s concerns as to the items referenced in 13.5(a)-13.5(g). If the Licensee fails to alleviate the IC’s concerns as to the items referenced in 13.5(a)-13.5(g) or fails to initiate corrective action to the IC’s satisfaction, the IC may terminate this Agreement.

 

13.7When the public health and safety so require and after written notice to the Licensee providing the Licensee a sixty (60) day opportunity to respond, the IC shall have the right to require the Licensee to grant sublicenses to responsible applicants, on commercially reasonable terms, in any Licensed Fields of Use under the Licensed Patent Rights, unless the Licensee can reasonably demonstrate that the granting of the sublicense would not materially increase the availability to the public of the subject matter of the Licensed Patent Rights. The IC shall not require the granting of a sublicense unless the responsible applicant has first negotiated in good faith with the Licensee.

 

13.8The IC reserves the right according to 35 U.S.C. §209(d)(3) to terminate or modify this Agreement if it is determined that this action is necessary to meet the requirements for public use specified by federal regulations issued after the date of the license and these requirements are not reasonably satisfied by the Licensee.

 

13.9Within thirty (30) days of receipt of written notice of the IC’s unilateral decision to modify or terminate this Agreement, the Licensee may, consistent with the provisions of 37 C.F.R. §404.11, appeal the decision by written submission to the designated IC official or designee. The decision of the designated IC official or designee shall be the final agency decision. The Licensee may thereafter exercise any and all administrative or judicial remedies that may be accessible.

 

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13.10Within ninety (90) days of expiration or termination of this Agreement under this Article 13, a final report shall be submitted by the Licensee. Any royalty payments, including those incurred but not yet paid (such as the full minimum annual royalty), and those related to patent expenses, due to the IC shall become immediately due and payable upon termination or expiration. If terminated under this Article 13, sublicensees may elect to convert their sublicenses to direct licenses with the IC pursuant to Paragraph 4.3. Unless otherwise specifically provided for under this Agreement, upon termination or expiration of this Agreement, the Licensee shall return all Licensed Products or other materials included within the Licensed Patent Rights to the IC or provide the IC with certification of the destruction thereof. The Licensee may not be granted additional IC licenses if the final reporting requirement is not fulfilled.

 

14.GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

14.1Neither party may waive or release any of its rights or interests in this Agreement except in writing. The failure of the Government to assert a right hereunder or to insist upon compliance with any term or condition of this Agreement shall not constitute a waiver of that right by the Government or excuse a similar subsequent failure to perform any of these terms or conditions by the Licensee.

 

14.2This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the parties relating to the subject matter of the Licensed Patent Rights, the Licensed Products and the Licensed Processes, and all prior negotiations, representations, agreements, and understandings are merged into, extinguished by, and completely expressed by this Agreement.

 

14.3The provisions of this Agreement are severable, and in the event that any provision of this Agreement shall be determined to be invalid or unenforceable under any controlling body of law, this determination shall not in any way affect the validity or enforceability of the remaining provisions of this Agreement.

 

14.4If either party desires a modification to this Agreement, the parties shall, upon reasonable notice of the proposed modification by the party desiring the change, confer in good faith to determine the desirability of the modification. No modification shall be effective until a written amendment is signed by the signatories to this Agreement or their designees.

 

14.5The construction, validity, performance, and effect of this Agreement shall be governed by Federal law as applied by the Federal courts in the District of Columbia.

 

14.6All Agreement notices required or permitted by this Agreement shall be given by prepaid, first class, registered or certified mail or by an express/overnight delivery service provided by a commercial carrier, properly addressed to the other party at the address designated on the following Signature Page, or to another address as may be designated in writing by the other party. Agreement notices shall be considered timely if the notices are received on or before the established deadline date or sent on or before the deadline date as verifiable by U.S. Postal Service postmark or dated receipt from a commercial carrier. Parties should request a legibly dated U.S. Postal Service postmark or obtain a dated receipt from a commercial carrier or the U.S. Postal Service. Private metered postmarks shall not be acceptable as proof of timely mailing.

 

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14.7This Agreement shall not be assigned or otherwise transferred (including any transfer by legal process or by operation of law, and any transfer in bankruptcy or insolvency, or in any other compulsory procedure or order of court) except to the Licensee’s Affiliate(s) without the prior written consent of the IC. The parties agree that the identity of the parties is material to the formation of this Agreement and that the obligations under this Agreement are nondelegable.

 

14.8The Licensee agrees in its use of any IC-supplied materials to comply with all applicable statutes, regulations, and guidelines, including NIH and HHS regulations and guidelines. The Licensee agrees not to use the materials for research involving human subjects or clinical trials in the United States without complying with 21 C.F.R. Part 50 and 45 C.F.R. Part 46. The Licensee agrees not to use the materials for research involving human subjects or clinical trials outside of the United States without notifying the IC, in writing, of the research or trials and complying with the applicable regulations of the appropriate national control authorities. Written notification to the IC of research involving human subjects or clinical trials outside of the United States shall be given no later than sixty (60) days prior to commencement of the research or trials.

 

14.9The Licensee acknowledges that it is subject to and agrees to abide by the United States laws and regulations (including the Export Administration Act of 1979 and Arms Export Control Act) controlling the export of technical data, computer software, laboratory prototypes, biological material, and other commodities. The transfer of these items may require a license from the appropriate agency of the U.S. Government or written assurances by the Licensee that it shall not export these items to certain foreign countries without prior approval of this agency. The IC neither represents that a license is or is not required or that, if required, it shall be issued.

 

14.10The Licensee agrees to mark the Licensed Products or their packaging sold in the United States with all applicable U.S. patent numbers and similarly to indicate “Patent Pending” status. All the Licensed Products manufactured in, shipped to, or sold in other countries shall be marked in a manner to preserve the IC’s patent rights in those countries.

 

14.11By entering into this Agreement, the IC does not directly or indirectly endorse any product or service provided, or to be provided, by the Licensee whether directly or indirectly related to this Agreement. The Licensee shall not state or imply that this Agreement is an endorsement by the Government, the IC, any other Government organizational unit, or any Government employee. Additionally, the Licensee shall not use the names of the IC, the FDA or the HHS or the Government or their employees in any advertising, promotional, or sales literature without the prior written approval of the IC.

 

14.12The parties agree to attempt to settle amicably any controversy or claim arising under this Agreement or a breach of this Agreement, except for appeals of modifications or termination decisions provided for in Article 13. The Licensee agrees first to appeal any unsettled claims or controversies to the designated IC official, or designee, whose decision shall be considered the final IC decision. Thereafter, the Licensee may exercise any administrative or judicial remedies that may be available.

 

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14.13Nothing relating to the grant of a license, nor the grant itself, shall be construed to confer upon any person any immunity from or defenses under the antitrust laws or from a charge of patent misuse, and the acquisition and use of rights pursuant to 37 C.F.R. Part 404 shall not be immunized from the operation of state or Federal law by reason of the source of the grant.

 

14.14Any formal recordation of this Agreement required by the laws of any Licensed Territory as a prerequisite to enforceability of the Agreement in the courts of any foreign jurisdiction or for other reasons shall be carried out by the Licensee at its expense, and appropriately verified proof of recordation shall be promptly furnished to the IC.

 

14.15Paragraphs 4.3, 8.1, 9.5-9.8, 12.1-12.5, 13.9, 13.10, 14.12 and 14.15 of this Agreement shall survive termination of this Agreement.

 

14.16The terms and conditions of this Agreement shall, at the IC’s sole option, be considered by the IC to be withdrawn from the Licensee’s consideration and the terms and conditions of this Agreement, and the Agreement itself to be null and void, unless this Agreement is executed by the Licensee and a fully executed original is received by the IC within sixty (60) days from the date of the IC’s signature found at the Signature Page.

 

SIGNATURES BEGIN ON NEXT PAGE

 

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NIH PATENT LICENSE AGREEMENT – EXCLUSIVE

 

SIGNATURE PAGE

 

For the NIAAA:    
     
/s/ George F. Koob 7-13-17  
Name: George F. Koob, Ph.D. Date  
Title: Director    
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism    
National Institutes of Health    

 

For the NIDA:    
     
/s/ Michelle K. Leff-S    
Name: Michelle K. Leff, MD, MBA Date  
Title: Technology Development Coordinator    
The National Institute on Drug Abuse    
National Institutes of Health    

 

Mailing Address or E-mail Address for Agreement notices and reports:

 

License Compliance and Administration

Monitoring & Enforcement

Office of Technology Transfer

National Institutes of Health

6011 Executive Boulevard, Suite 325

Rockville, Maryland 20852-3804 U.S.A.

 

E-mail: LicenseNotices_Reports@mail.nih.gov

 

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For the Licensee (Upon, information and belief, the undersigned expressly certifies or affirms that the contents of any statements of the Licensee made or referred to in this document are truthful and accurate.):

 

by:    
       
/s/ Morris Laster   7/19/17  
Signature of Authorized Official   Date  
       
Morris Laster, MD      
Printed Name      
       
CEO      
Title      

 

  I. Official and Mailing Address for Agreement notices:  
       
    Morris Laster, MD  
    Name  
       
    CEO  
    Title  
       
    Mailing Address  
       
    11 Reuven Shari St  
       
    Jerusalem, Israel 9724611  

 

    Email Address: morris.laster@gmail.com  
         
    Phone: +972-2-5866740  
         
    Fax: +972-2-5879529  

 

  II. Official and Mailing Address for Financial notices (the Licensee’s contact person for royalty payments)
       
    Morris Laster, MD  
    Name  
       
    CEO  
    Title  

 

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    Mailing Address:  
       
    11 Reuven Shari St  
       
    Jerusalem, Israel 9724611  

 

    Email Address: morris.laster@gmail.com  
         
    Phone: +972-2-5866740  
         
    Fax: +972-2-5879529  

 

Any false or misleading statements made, presented, or submitted to the Government, including any relevant omissions, under this Agreement and during the course of negotiation of this Agreement are subject to all applicable civil and criminal statutes including Federal statutes 31 U.S.C. §§3801-3812 (civil liability) and 18 U.S.C. §1001 (criminal liability including fine(s) or imprisonment).

 

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APPENDIX A – PATENT(S) OR PATENT APPLICATION(S)

 

Patent(s) or Patent Application(s):

 

E-140-2014/0 Patent Family

Entitled, “Cannabinoid Receptor Mediating Compounds”

Inventors: George Kunos (NIAAA), Malliga R. Iyer (NIAAA), Resat Cinar (NIAAA), and Kenner C. Rice (NIDA), including PCT Application No. PCT/US2015/029946, filed on May 08, 2015, claiming priority to US Provisional Application No. 61/991,333 filed on May 09, 2014, and corresponding US, AU, CA, EP, CN, IN and JP filings

 

E-282-2012/0 Patent Family

Entitled, “Cannabinoid Receptor Mediating Compounds”

Inventors: George Kunos (NIAAA), Malliga R. Iyer (NIAAA), Resat Cinar (NIAAA), and Kenner C. Rice (NIDA) including PCT Application No. PCT/US2013/069686, filed on November 12, 2013, claiming priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/725,949 filed on November 13, 2012, and corresponding US, CA, EP, CN, IN and JP filing

 

E-282-2012/1 Patent Family

Entitled, “Cannabinoid Receptor Mediating Compounds”

Inventors: George Kunos (NIAAA), Malliga R. Iyer (NIAAA), Resat Cinar (NIAAA), and Kenner C. Rice (NIDA) including PCT Application No. PCT/US2016/035291, filed on June 01, 2016, claiming priority to US Provisional Application No. 62/171, 179 filed on June 04, 2015

 

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APPENDIX B – LICENSED FIELDS OF USE AND TERRITORY

 

I.Licensed Fields of Use:

 

Commercial development of the CB1/iNOS series of compounds as a therapeutic to treat systemic sclerosis and scleroderma and other skin fibrotic diseases in humans, as claimed in the Licensed Patent Rights. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is expressly excluded.

 

II.Licensed Territory: Worldwide.

 

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APPENDIX C – ROYALTIES

 

Royalties:

 

I.The Licensee agrees to pay to the IC a noncreditable, nonrefundable license issue royalty in the amount of [                                            ] within sixty (60) days from the effective date of this Agreement.

 

II.The Licensee agrees to pay to the IC a nonrefundable minimum annual royalty in the amount of [                                                          ] as follows:

 

The first minimum annual royalty is due and payable on January 1, 2019; and subsequent minimum annual royalty payments are due and payable on January 1 of each calendar year and shall be credited against any earned royalties due for sales made in that year.

 

III.The Licensee agrees to pay the IC earned royalties of [                         ] on Net Sales by the Licensee and its sublicensees.

 

IV.The Licensee agrees to pay the IC Benchmark royalties within sixty (60) days of achieving each Benchmark:

 

(a)[                                            ] Initiation of first Phase I clinical trial or foreign equivalent.

 

(b)[                                                       ] Initiation of first Phase II clinical trial or foreign equivalent.

 

(c)[                                                                   ] Initiation of first Phase III clinical trial or foreign equivalent.

 

(d)[                                                                              ] Upon initial filing of the first New Drug Application or foreign equivalent for each Licensed Products.

 

(e)Upon receipt of first Market Approval or foreign equivalent for each Licensed Products in the following jurisdictions/countries:

 

(i)[                                                           ] in Europe;

 

(ii)[                                                   ] in the United States;

 

(iii)[                                                           ] in Canada;

 

(iv)[                                                           ] in China;

 

(v)[                                                   ] in India; and

 

(vi)[                                                   ] in Japan.

 

V.The Licensee agrees to pay the IC additional sublicensing royalties of [                                      ] on the fair market value of any consideration actually received for granting each sublicense, which is payable to Licensee under any such sublicense within sixty (60) days of the execution of each sublicense.

 

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APPENDIX D – BENCHMARKS AND PERFORMANCE

 

The Licensee agrees to the following Benchmarks for its performance under this Agreement and, within thirty (30) days of achieving a Benchmark, shall notify the IC that the Benchmark has been achieved.

 

I.Establish two (2) murine models for systemic sclerosis within [                      ] of the effective date of this Agreement.

 

II.Complete in vivo systemic sclerosis efficacy tests within [                                 ] of the effective date of this Agreement.

 

III.Hold Pre-IND meeting with the FDA within [                       ] of the effective date of this Agreement.

 

IV.Complete GMP manufacturing within [                                 ] of the effective date of this Agreement. Complete IND enabling preclinical studies, and file an IND within three and one- half (3.5) years of the effective date of this Agreement.

 

V.Enroll first patient in Phase 1 clinical trial within [                ] of the effective date of this Agreement.

 

VI.Enroll first patient in Phase 2 clinical trial within [                ] of the effective date of this Agreement.

 

VII.Enroll first patient in Phase 3 clinical trial within [                  ] of the effective date of this Agreement.

 

VIII.File a NDA or foreign equivalent within [                 ] of the effective date of this Agreement.

 

IX.Launch of first commercial product within[                      ] of the effective date of this Agreement.

 

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APPENDIX E – COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN

 

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is defined as an autoimmune rheumatic disease affecting the skin and other organs of the body. The main finding in systemic sclerosis is thickening and tightening of the skin and inflammation and scarring of many body parts, leading to problems in the lungs, kidneys, heart, intestinal system and other areas. It is an extremely debilitating disease with the highest mortality rate of any autoimmune rheumatic disease that affects about 100,000 patients in the US alone. To date, there are no drugs approved to treat SSc. Current treatment is based on attempting to manage the disease with a variety of treatments such as anti-inflammatories, immunosuppressants or drugs that address the vascular components of the disease. The unmet medical need has been exemplified by FDA's Breakthrough Therapy Designation in 2015 for Actemra based on a Phase 2 study that only showed an improving trend in skin fibrosis! There currently are no options for treating the underlying fibrotic changes which represents the core pathophysiology.

 

In fibrotic diseases, including SSc, there is published evidence for the pathogenic role of increased activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), an enzyme responsible for the generation of reactive nitrogen species. There is also evidence for the pro-fibrotic function of the endocannabinoid/CB1 receptor (CB1R) system. However, iNOS inhibitors used in preclinical studies lack oral bioavailability, whereas more recently developed, orally bioavailable iNOS inhibitors had disappointingly low therapeutic efficacy in clinical trials involving inflammatory diseases. While CB1R inhibitors have also demonstrated antifibrotic efficacy, the therapeutic potential of globally acting CB1R inhibitors such as Rimonabant has been thwarted by CNS side effects. Prof. George Kunos and NIAAA Laboratory of Physiologic Studies researchers have recently developed and patented a series of peripherally restricted hybrid inhibitors of CB1R and iNOS. These compounds have several features for optimal therapeutic efficacy and safety. The hybrid compound serves as a pro-drug and a carrier for the iNOS inhibitory moiety, facilitating its delivery to target organs such as skin, kidney, lung, and liver, resulting in high target exposure. Additionally, the compound demonstrated peripheral selectivity suggesting that it will not cause the neuropsychiatric side effects observed for Rimonabant. In preclinical in vitro and in vivo models, a lead compound known as MRI-1867 demonstrated inhibition of CB1R and iNOS pathways in receptor binding and cell assays as well as efficacy in animal models of liver and lung fibrosis.

 

Based on the scientific evidence implicating both the CB1R and iNOS pathways in the pathogenesis of SSc, Licensee has decided to develop MRI-1867 as a first in class treatment for SSc specifically targeting the fibrotic pathology of the disease. Were such a treatment to be found to be safe and efficacious for SSc it would be life changing for those suffering from the disease and the orphan indication status can help provide for commercial viability.

 

Product Development Plan

 

The development plan will begin with a CRADA (CRADA01638) to be performed with Prof George Kunos at the NIAAA. Licensee will build upon the hypothesis that the EC/CB1R system and iNOS are both pro-fibrogenic, and combined inhibition of these targets by a single compound would improve therapeutic outcome in scleroderma. Licensee plan to test the novel dual-target compound MRI-1867 in two different murine models of scleroderma [                                                                                                                                    ] Using these two experimental models will allow Licensee to establish the therapeutic potential of Licensee’s dual-target compounds.

 

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Specific Aim 1: Test the target-specificity of hybrid peripheral CB1R/iNOS inhibitors by analyzing their anti-fibrotic efficacy in mice with genetic deletion of CB1R or iNOS, using the subcutaneous bleomycin-induced skin fibrosis model. This approach would help Licensee to evaluate the relative contribution of the two targets to the therapeutic efficacy of the hybrid inhibitor.

 

Approaches for Aim 1:

 

1.1Licensee will quantitatively analyze skin fibrosis in [                                                                                                        ] mice treated with vehicle, rimonabant, the iNOS inhibitor 1400W or Licensee’s lead dual CB1R/iNOS inhibitor MRI-1867. Licensee will also assess the presence of fibrosis and its modulation by treatment or genotype in organs potentially affected by SSc, including lung, kidneys and heart.
1.2.Expression and activity of CB1R and iNOS will be assessed in the affected tissues by measuring transcript, protein and functional levels weekly from week 1 to 6, in view of the progressive nature of the disease.
1.3.Two different treatment paradigms will be used to assess prevention or regression of fibrosis. For prevention, treatment will start immediately after implanting the [                  ] minipump and continue for 4 weeks. For the regression paradigm, treatments will start 2 weeks after bleomycin induction and continued for an additional 2-4 weeks.
1.4.Skin abnormalities and fibrosis will be assessed histologically (H&E and Masson’s trichrome), biochemically (hydroxyproline content) and by measuring profibrotic gene expression (TGFβ, αSMA, fibronectin, collagen, TIMP1).
1.5.As lung fibrosis is also manifested in this model, it will be assessed by the above techniques.

 

Specific Aim 2: To investigate the pathogenic role of CB1R and iNOS in [                  ] and test the therapeutic efficacy of dual CB1R/iNOS inhibition.

 

Approaches for Aim 2: technical tools and experimental design will be the same as for Aim 1.

 

Specific Aim 3: Screen and optimize additional CB1R/iNOS dual-target inhibitors as back-up compounds and lead optimization in animal models of scleroderma.

 

Approaches for Aim 3: Scleroderma results in the failure of multiple organs including the liver and kidney. In view of the essential role of these organs in pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism, their pathological changes may alter the PK properties of therapeutic compounds. In order to optimize the druggable properties of dual-target compounds, their PK properties and metabolism need to be established for lead optimization.

 

3.1. Measuring tissue distribution of candidate compounds (plasma, skin, lung, kidney, heart, brain, liver) by LC-MS/MS in two animal models and in healthy control mice.

 

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These aims will help to define the mechanism of action and establish the CNS safety profile of novel, dual-target peripheral CB1R/iNOS inhibitors.

 

Specific Aim 4: To assess long-term efficacy and potential toxicity of the lead compound by conducting a chronic (6 months) treatment study in the two models selected. Brain levels of drug as well as organ toxicity will be assessed by histology and functional assays.

 

The CRADA agreement time period is expected to last 24 months. Assuming the successful completion of the research aims, Licensee then intends to enter a full pre clinical and clinical development program.

 

A project manager will then be hired and expert consultants in the main disciplines of drug development chemistry, manufacturing, and controls (CMC), nonclinical, clinical, and regulatory will be retained by Licensee for the development of MRI-1867.

 

Licensee will contract with a current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) capable contract manufacturing organizations (CMOs) to manufacture the MRI-1867 drug substance (DS) and drug product (DP). Following process development and scale up, DS analytical method development and qualification, and reference standard characterization, an engineering run of DS will be manufactured. This will be followed by the initial cGMP manufacture of DS. Both the engineering run and cGMP batches will be release tested and put on stability. The engineering run batch will be sufficiently comparable to the cGMP batch so as to allow the former to be used for the investigational new drug application- (IND) enabling nonclinical studies. It is anticipated that this process will take approximately 8 months (i.e., to the release of the 1-month stability data for cGMP DS) and cost about $1M.

 

The DP to be used in clinical trials will be an oral dosage form. A CMO will be contracted to perform formulation development and DP analytical method development and qualification. Following selection of the oral formulation that will be used for clinical trials and a trial run of manufacturing (i.e., engineering run), cGMP batches (varying strengths) will be manufactured. Both the engineering and cGMP batches will be release tested and put on stability. This process will begin shortly after the start of the DS work (essentially concurrently) and will take approximately 9 months (to the release of the 1-month stability data for cGMP DP) and cost approximately $250K.

 

In parallel with the above activities, an intravenous (IV) formulation will be developed and manufactured to allow for the determination of the absolute bioavailability of MRI-1867 during the initial Phase 1 trial. Additionally, metabolites will be synthesized to serve as analytical reference standards and if warranted by the data for toxicological qualification. Radiolabeled MRI-1867 will be synthesized for use in nonclinical mass balance and tissue distribution studies, as well as clinical CB1R binding and mass balance studies.

 

C. Pre-clinical Development

 

Assay Development: Licensee will contract with a Contract Research Organization (CRO) to develop and validate bioanalytical methods for rat, dog, and human plasma. Assay development will be concurrent with DS and DP development and manufacture and cost will be approximately [        ].

 

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Pharmacology: In addition to the nonclinical primary pharmacodynamic (PD) studies in scleroderma models that will be conducted under the CRADA, VS will contract with qualified CRO(s) to perform standard Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) safety pharmacology studies. The studies will include in vitro hERG, oral rat central nervous system, oral rat respiratory system, and oral dog cardiovascular system, as well as additional studies if warranted by the data. All of the GLP safety pharmacology studies will utilize DS from either the engineering or cGMP batches.

 

Pharmacokinetics: Licensee will contract with qualified CRO(s) to perform various in vitro pharmacokinetic (PK) studies, including metabolic stability studies, drug-drug interaction studies, protein binding studies, and permeation studies. These studies will be initiated early on and will use DS from the scale up efforts. The data package for MRI-1867 includes results that fit into these categories of studies. Depending on the availability of the corresponding study reports (i.e., for Licensee to use in an IND submission), the study designs, and the comparability of the test material used, Licensee may be able to use some of the NIH results in lieu of conducting such studies. Once the engineering batch DS is available, Licensee will contract with qualified CRO(s) to perform oral rat single dose PK, oral dog single dose PK, and absolute bioavailability. Radiolabeled MRI-1867 will be used for mass balance and tissue distribution studies. Additional nonclinical absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) studies will be contracted as warranted by the data.

 

Toxicology: In preparation for the initial IND filing, Licensee will contract with qualified CRO(s) to perform oral rat and dog rising single dose + 7-day repeated-dose range-finding toxicity studies with toxicokinetics and oral rat and dog 28-day repeated-dose toxicity studies with toxicokinetics. Additionally, Licensee will contract out the performance of a standard battery of GLP genotoxicity studies, including in vitro bacterial reverse mutation test, in vitro mouse lymphoma thymidine kinase assay, and in vivo rat micronucleus test. Also, to support the single IV dose of MRI-1867 in the initial Phase I trial to determine absolute bioavailability, Licensee will contract out the performance of an in vitro hemolysis assay and an IV single species single dose local tolerance study. To support subsequent clinical trials and eventual marketing, Licensee will contract out the performance of oral rat 3-month and 6-month repeated-dose toxicity studies, oral dog 3-month and 9-month repeated-dose toxicity studies, carcinogenicity studies, and reproductive and developmental toxicity studies.

 

Overall, the timeline and cost to complete the IND-enabling nonclinical studies is estimated at approximately[            ] and [        ].

 

Clinical Development

 

Licensee will contract out clinical trial related tasks to qualified CRO(s). The initial trial (i.e., the protocol to be included in the original IND filing) is anticipated to be a Phase 1 safety, tolerability, and PK study in healthy volunteers. The study will include a single IV and oral dose to determine absolute bioavailability, followed by 28-days of oral dosing. During the latter part of the conduct of this trial, Licensee plans to contract out a Phase 1 clinical mass balance study (single oral dose of radiolabeled drug). This will allow for an early determination of relevant PK metabolites and parameters to follow in subsequent trials. Additionally, Licensee plans to collaborate with NIH to perform a Phase 1 study of MRI-1867 binding to CB1R in the brain (via positron emission tomography scanning).

 

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Following the completion of the Phase 1 safety, tolerability, and PK study in healthy volunteers, Licenseeplans to move to a Phase 1 safety, tolerance, PK, and PD study in patients with systemic sclerosis. This trial will include [            ] of oral dosing. Pending no safety concerns, Licensee plans to move to a Phase 2 safety, PK, and proof of concept trial in systemic sclerosis patients that is anticipated to include [              ] of oral dosing. This would be followed by a Phase 3 pivotal trial of safety, PK, and efficacy in systemic sclerosis patients, which is tentatively expected to include [         ] of oral dosing under double blinded conditions, followed by [         ] of dosing under open label conditions. Additional trials will be conducted as warranted by the data. The timeline and cost of the clinical program is estimated at [               ] and at a total cost of [        ] [        ]

 

Regulatory Submission

 

As soon as Licensee completes the CRADA period of examination, Licensee plans to file a pre-IND meeting request with FDA to confirm that the planned CMC and nonclinical tasks will support the initiation of the proposed Phase 1 clinical trial. In this way, course corrections in the development plan can be made early on, expediting development and avoiding waste of resources.

 

Upon completion of the nonclinical primary PD studies in scleroderma models that will be conducted under the CRADA, Licensee plans to submit an orphan drug designation request for MRI-1867 for the treatment of systemic sclerosis.

 

Licensee anticipates to file the original IND for MRI-1867 for the treatment of systemic sclerosis [                ] following the licensing event. This timeline will be adjusted as necessary based on FDA’s feedback on the development plan during the pre-IND meeting, as well as based on the CMO and CRO availability and proposed timelines. Licensee plans to file for Fast Track Designation shortly after the IND filing (as an IND amendment).

 

Once the Phase 2 proof of concept trial is completed, and assuming that proof of concept is demonstrated, Licensee plans to file a request for breakthrough therapy designation. Shortly thereafter, Licensee plans to file for an end of Phase 2 (EOP2) meeting to confirm the pivotal trial(s) and other tasks needed to support NDA filing. Licensee plans to file for a pre-NDA meeting while the pivotal Phase 3 trial is ongoing. A priority review is anticipated. Licensee anticipates that following positive pivotal clinical studies, MRI-1867 will be out-licensed to a global pharmaceutical partner for marketing and sales of the drug in return for upfront payments, milestones and royalties.

 

Licensee anticipates that following positive pivotal clinical studies, MRI-1867 will be out-licensed to a global pharmaceutical partner for marketing and sales of the drug in return for upfront payments, milestones and royalties. It is Licensee’s belief that such a strategic partner will be capable of marketing the compound in the licensed territories. If a strategic partner is not able to market in the patented territories, Licensee will seek additional partners to maximize sales in the licensed territories.

 

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Marketing Plan

 

During the process of developing MRI-1867 Licensee will contract with a US based CMO who will manufacture the clinical and subsequent commercial batches. It is anticipated that a future strategic partner will continue with Licensee’s selection of CMO or incorporate the manufacture of MRI-1867 in one of its US based manufacturing plants as required in the license agreement.

 

Licensee will work with its global pharmaceutical partner to ensure the promotion, marketing and sales of MRI-1867. Licensee will make all reasonable efforts to ensure that its strategic partner is maximizing the potential inherent in the product.

 

Licensee anticipates that a future out-license of the MRI-1867 technology to a global pharmaceutical partner will comprise upfront payments, milestones and royalties as is standard in the industry.

 

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APPENDIX F – EXAMPLE ROYALTY REPORT

 

Required royalty report information includes:

 

License reference number (L-XXX-200X/0)
Reporting period
Catalog number and units sold of each Licensed Product (domestic and foreign)
Gross Sales per catalog number per country
Total Gross Sales
Itemized deductions from Gross Sales
Total Net Sales
Earned Royalty Rate and associated calculations
Gross Earned Royalty
Adjustments for Minimum Annual Royalty (MAR) and other creditable payments made
Net Earned Royalty due

 

Example

Catalog Number  Product Name  Country  Units Sold   Gross Sales
(US$)
 
1  A  US  250    62,500 
1  A  UK  32    16,500 
1  A  France  25    15,625 
2  B  US  0    0 
3  C  US  57    57,125 
4  D  US  12    1,500 

  Total Gross Sales   153,250 
  Less Deductions:     
  Freight   3,000 
  Returns   7,000 
  Total Net Sales   143,250 
        
  Royalty Rate   8%
  Royalty Due   11,460 
  Less Creditable Payments   10,000 
  Net Royalty Due   1,460 

 

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APPENDIX G – ROYALTY PAYMENT OPTIONS

 

The License Number MUST appear on payments, reports and correspondence.

 

Credit and Debit Card Payments

 

Credit and debit card payments can be submitted for amounts up to $29,999. Submit your payment through the U.S. Treasury web site located at: https://www.pay.gov/public/form/start/28680443.

 

Automated Clearing House (ACH) for payments through U.S. banks only

 

The IC encourages its licensees to submit electronic funds transfer payments through the Automated Clearing House (ACH). Submit your ACH payment through the U.S. Treasury web site located at: https://www.pay.gov/public/form/start/28680443. Please note that the IC “only” accepts ACH payments through this U.S. Treasury web site.

 

Electronic Funds Wire Transfers

 

The following account information is provided for wire payments. In order to process payment via Electronic Funds Wire Transfer sender MUST supply the following information within the transmission:

 

Drawn on a U.S. bank account via FEDWIRE should be sent directly to the following account:

 

Beneficiary Account: Federal Reserve Bank of New York or TREAS NYC
Bank: Federal Reserve Bank of New York
ABA# 021030004
Account Number: 75080031
Bank Address: 33 Liberty Street, New York, NY 10045
Payment Details: License Number (L-XXX-XXXX)
  Name of the Licensee

 

Drawn on a foreign bank account should be sent directly to the following account. Payment must be sent in U.S. Dollars (USD) using the following instructions:

 

Beneficiary Account: Federal Reserve Bank of New York/ITS or FRBNY/ITS
Bank: Citibank N.A. (New York)
SWIFT Code: CITIUS33
Account Number: 36838868
Bank Address: 388 Greenwich Street, New York, NY 10013
Payment Details (Line 70): NIH 75080031
  License Number (L-XXX-XXXX)
  Name of the Licensee
Detail of Charges (line 71a): Charge Our

 

Checks

 

All checks should be made payable to “NIH Patent Licensing” 

 

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Checks drawn on a U.S. bank account and sent by US Postal Service should be sent directly to the following address:

 

National Institutes of Health

P.O. Box 979071

St. Louis, MO 63197-9000

 

Checks drawn on a U.S. bank account and sent by overnight or courier should be sent to the following address:

 

US Bank

Government Lockbox SL-MO-C2GL

1005 Convention Plaza

St. Louis, MO 63101

Phone: 314-418-4087

 

Checks drawn on a foreign bank account should be sent directly to the following address:

 

National Institutes of Health

Office of Technology Transfer

License Compliance and Administration

Royalty Administration

6011 Executive Boulevard

Suite 325, MSC 7660

Rockville, Maryland 20852

 

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