0001558370-21-003488.txt : 20210325 0001558370-21-003488.hdr.sgml : 20210325 20210325162428 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001558370-21-003488 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-K PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 104 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20201231 FILED AS OF DATE: 20210325 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20210325 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: Eureka Homestead Bancorp, Inc. CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001769725 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: SAVINGS INSTITUTION, FEDERALLY CHARTERED [6035] IRS NUMBER: 000000000 STATE OF INCORPORATION: MD FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-K SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 000-56071 FILM NUMBER: 21772671 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 1922 VETERANS MEMORIAL BOULEVARD CITY: METAIRIE STATE: LA ZIP: 70005 BUSINESS PHONE: 504-834-0242 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 1922 VETERANS MEMORIAL BOULEVARD CITY: METAIRIE STATE: LA ZIP: 70005 10-K 1 ehb-20201231x10k.htm 10-K Form 10-K (2019) (00353060.DOCX;1)

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

                ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the year ended December 31, 2020.

OR

                TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______________ to _______________.

Commission file number: 000-56071

EUREKA HOMESTEAD BANCORP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland

83-4051300

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

1922 Veterans Memorial Boulevard

Metairie, Louisiana

70005

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (504) 834-0242

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

(Title of each class to be registered)

(Name of each exchange on which

each class is to be registered)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. YES      NO

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. YES      NO

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES      NO

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files). YES      NO

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

    

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). YES    NO

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, computed by reference to the last sale price on June 30, 2020 ($9.76), was approximately $12.3 million.

As of March 25, 2021, there were 1,188,402 issued and outstanding shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:

(1)

Proxy Statement for 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (Part III).


TABLE OF CONTENTS

ITEM 1.

    

BUSINESS

    

3

 

 

ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

35

 

 

ITEM 1B.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

36

 

 

ITEM 2.

PROPERTIES

36

 

 

ITEM 3.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

36

 

 

ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

36

 

 

ITEM 5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

36

 

 

ITEM 6.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

37

 

 

ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

37

 

 

ITEM 7A.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

49

 

 

ITEM 8.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

49

 

 

ITEM 9.

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

50

 

 

ITEM 9A.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

50

 

 

ITEM 9B.

OTHER INFORMATION

51

 

 

ITEM 10.

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

51

 

 

ITEM 11.

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

51

 

 

ITEM 12.

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

51

 

 

ITEM 13.

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

52

 

 

ITEM 14.

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

52

 

 

ITEM 15.

EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

53

 

 

ITEM 16.

FORM 10-K SUMMARY

54

 

 

 

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

F-2

2


PART I

ITEM 1.        Business

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This annual report contains forward-looking statements, which can be identified by the use of words such as “estimate,” “project,” “believe,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “assume,” “plan,” “seek,” “expect,” “will,” “may,” “should,” “indicate,” “would,” “believe,” “contemplate,” “continue,” “target” and words of similar meaning. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

statements of our goals, intentions and expectations;
statements regarding our business plans, prospects, growth and operating strategies;
statements regarding the asset quality of our loan and investment portfolios; and
estimates of our risks and future costs and benefits.

These forward-looking statements are based on our current beliefs and expectations and are inherently subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond our control. In addition, these forward-looking statements are subject to assumptions with respect to future business strategies and decisions that are subject to change. We are under no duty to and do not take any obligation to update any forward-looking statements after the date of this annual report.

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements:

our ability to manage our operations under the economic conditions in our market area;
adverse changes in the financial industry, securities, credit and national and local real estate markets (including real estate values);
economic and/or policy changes related to the COVID-19 pandemic;
significant increases in our loan losses, including as a result of our inability to resolve classified and non-performing assets or reduce risks associated with our loans, and management’s assumptions in determining the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses;
credit risks of lending activities, including changes in the level and trend of loan delinquencies and write-offs and in our allowance for loan losses and provision for loan losses;
the use of estimates in determining fair value of certain of our assets, which may prove to be incorrect and result in significant declines in valuations;
competition among depository and other financial institutions;
our success in increasing our one- to four-family residential real estate lending;
our ability to attract and maintain deposits and to grow our core deposits, and our success in introducing new financial products;

3


our ability to maintain our asset quality even as we continue to grow our loan portfolios;
our reliance in part on funding sources, including out-of-market jumbo deposits and borrowings, other than core deposits to support our operations;
changes in interest rates generally, including changes in the relative differences between short-term and long-term interest rates and in deposit interest rates, that may affect our net interest margin and funding sources;
fluctuations in the demand for loans;
changes in consumer spending, borrowing and savings habits;
declines in the yield on our assets resulting from the current low interest rate environment;
risks related to a high concentration of loans secured by real estate located in our market area;
the results of examinations by our regulators, including the possibility that our regulators may, among other things, have judgments different than management’s, and we may determine to increase our allowance or write down assets as a result of these regulatory examinations; change our regulatory capital position, limit our ability to borrow funds or maintain or increase deposits, or prohibit us from paying dividends, which could adversely affect our dividends and earnings;
changes in the level of government support of housing finance;
our ability to enter new markets successfully and capitalize on growth opportunities;
changes in laws or government regulations or policies affecting financial institutions, including the Dodd-Frank Act and the JOBS Act, which could result in, among other things, increased deposit insurance premiums and assessments, capital requirements, regulatory fees and compliance costs, particularly the new capital regulations, and the resources we have available to address such changes;
changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the bank regulatory agencies, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board;
changes in our compensation and benefit plans, and our ability to retain key members of our senior management team and to address staffing needs in response to product demand or to implement our strategic plans;
loan delinquencies and changes in the underlying cash flows of our borrowers;
our ability to control costs and expenses, particularly those associated with operating as a publicly traded company;
the failure or security breaches of computer systems on which we depend;
the ability of key third-party service providers to perform their obligations to us;
changes in the financial condition or future prospects of issuers of securities that we own; and other economic, competitive, governmental, regulatory and operational factors affecting our operations, pricing, products and services described elsewhere in this annual report.

4


Because of these and a wide variety of other uncertainties, our actual future results may be materially different from the results indicated by these forward-looking statements.

BUSINESS OF EUREKA HOMESTEAD BANCORP

Eureka Homestead Bancorp, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in Maryland on February 25, 2019 as part of the mutual-to-stock conversion of Eureka Homestead (sometimes referred to as the “Bank”), for the purpose of becoming the savings and loan holding company of Eureka Homestead. Since being incorporated, other than holding the common stock of Eureka Homestead, retaining approximately 50% of the net cash proceeds of the stock conversion offering and making a loan to the employee stock ownership plan of Eureka Homestead, we have not engaged in any business activities to date.

The Company is authorized to pursue business activities permitted by applicable laws and regulations, which may include the acquisition of banking and financial services companies. See “Supervision and Regulation – Holding Company Regulation” for a discussion of the activities that are permitted for savings and loan holding companies. We currently have no understandings or agreements to acquire other financial institutions, although we may determine to do so in the future. We may also borrow funds for reinvestment in Eureka Homestead.

Our cash flow depends on earnings from the investment of the net proceeds we retained from our initial public stock offering that was consummated in July 2019, and any dividends we receive from Eureka Homestead. We neither own nor lease any property, but pay a fee to Eureka Homestead for the use of its premises, equipment and furniture. At the present time, we employ only persons who are officers of Eureka Homestead who also serve as officers of Eureka Homestead Bancorp. We use the support staff of Eureka Homestead from time to time and pay a fee to Eureka Homestead for the time devoted to Eureka Homestead Bancorp by employees of Eureka Homestead. However, these persons are not separately compensated by Eureka Homestead Bancorp. Eureka Homestead Bancorp may hire additional employees, as appropriate, to the extent it expands its business in the future.

BUSINESS OF EUREKA HOMESTEAD

General

We conduct our business from our main office in Metairie, Louisiana, which is located in Jefferson Parish, within the metropolitan area of New Orleans, and our loan production office located in New Orleans. Our loan portfolio consists primarily of loans collateralized by real property located in Jefferson Parish and Orleans Parish, Louisiana. We also originate loans in other parts of the greater New Orleans metropolitan area and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in Louisiana and Mississippi.

Our business consists primarily of taking deposits and securing borrowings and investing those funds, together with funds generated from operations, in one- to four-family residential real estate loans, including non-owner-occupied properties, construction loans for owner-occupied, one- to four-family residential real estate and home equity loans. To a lesser extent, we also originate multifamily, commercial real estate and consumer loans. At December 31, 2020, $66.1 million, or 95.0% of our total loan portfolio, was comprised of one- to four-family residential real estate loans, $13.6 million of which were non-owner-occupied loans, $1.2 million of which were construction loans and $586,000 of which were home equity loans.

A significant majority of loans we originate are conforming one- to four-family residential real estate loans and, in the low interest rate environment in recent years, almost all of these loans have been long-term,

5


fixed-rate loans. In order to manage our interest rate risk, in recent years we have sold a significant portion of these conforming, fixed-rate, long-term production on an industry-standard, servicing-released basis.

We offer a variety of deposit accounts, including savings accounts (passbook and money market) and certificates of deposit. We utilize advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Dallas (“FHLB”) for funding and asset/liability management purposes. At December 31, 2020, we had $19.4 million in advances outstanding with the FHLB.

We do not offer checking accounts which may impact our ability to attract and grow core deposits. We have always been dependent, in part, on retail certificates of deposit as a funding source for our loans, and in recent years we have accepted jumbo certificates of deposit through an online service, as well as municipal certificates of deposit. We have used these non-retail funding sources, as well as advances from the FHLB, to fund our operations. These non-core funding sources are not relationship-based accounts and are generally more price-sensitive than our core deposits of savings and money market accounts and our retail certificates of deposit. Therefore, these deposits carry a greater risk of non-renewal than our core deposits. Pursuant to our business strategy, we are seeking to increase our core deposits, which we consider to be our savings and money market accounts and retail certificates of deposit, by more aggressively marketing and pricing our deposit products.

Eureka Homestead is subject to comprehensive regulation and examination by its primary federal regulator, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”).

Our main office is located at 1922 Veterans Memorial Boulevard, Metairie, Louisiana 70005, and our telephone number at this address is (504) 834-0242. Our website address is www.eurekahomestead.com. Information on our website is not incorporated into this annual report and should not be considered part of this annual report.

Market Area

We conduct our business from our main office in Metairie, Louisiana, which is located in Jefferson Parish, within the greater metropolitan area of New Orleans, and our loan production office located in New Orleans. Our loan portfolio consists primarily of loans collateralized by real property located in Jefferson Parish and Orleans Parish, Louisiana. We also originate loans in other parts of the greater New Orleans metropolitan area and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in Louisiana and Mississippi. Our business is dependent on the City of New Orleans and our local economy which includes tourism, port activity along the Mississippi River, the petrochemical industry and healthcare. Service jobs, primarily in healthcare, education and construction and development, represent the largest employment sector in Jefferson Parish.

According to the United States census, the estimated July 2019 population of Jefferson Parish was 435,000, representing an increase of 0.5% from the 2010 census population of 433,000. During this same time period, the population of the City of New Orleans is estimated to have grown by 13.7%, the Louisiana population grew by an estimated 2.6% and the United States population grew by an estimated 6.3%. From 2015 through 2019, the median household income for Jefferson Parish was $54,000, compared to median household incomes of $42,000, $51,000 and $66,000 for the City of New Orleans, the State of Louisiana and for the United States, respectively.

Competition

We face significant competition within our market area both in making loans and attracting retail deposits. Our market area has a concentration of financial institutions that include large money center and

6


regional banks, community banks and credit unions. We also face significant competition from commercial banks, savings institutions, mortgage banking firms, consumer finance companies and credit unions and, with respect to deposits, from money market funds, brokerage firms, mutual funds and insurance companies. As of June 30, 2020, based on the most recent available FDIC data, there were 22 FDIC-insured financial institutions with offices in Jefferson Parish, of which we ranked 16th, with a market share of deposits of 0.48%. We do not have a significant market share of either deposits or residential lending in any other parish in Louisiana.

Lending Activities

General. Our principal lending activity is originating one- to four-family residential real estate loans, including non-owner-occupied properties, construction loans for owner-occupied, one- to four-family residential real estate and home equity loans. To a lesser extent, we also originate multifamily, commercial real estate and consumer loans. Our loan portfolio consists primarily of loans collateralized by real property located in Jefferson Parish and Orleans Parish, Louisiana. We also originate loans in other parts of the greater New Orleans metropolitan area and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in Louisiana and Mississippi.

We offer adjustable-rate and fixed-rate residential loans. However, historically a significant majority of the residential real estate loans which we have originated are conforming, long-term, fixed-rate loans. In recent years, in order to address and manage our interest rate risk, we have been selling a significant portion of our conforming, fixed-rate, long term (greater than 15 years) loans to the secondary market, on a servicing-released basis.

Commercial real estate and multifamily loans have not historically comprised a significant portion of our total loan portfolio. While we expect that one- to four-family residential real estate lending will continue to be the primary emphasis of our lending operations, we intend to modestly increase our emphasis on multifamily and commercial real estate loans through increased originations of and purchase of participations in these types of loans although, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we were not able to do so in 2020.

Loan Portfolio Composition. The following table sets forth the composition of our loan portfolio, by type of loan, at the dates indicated.

At December 31, 

 

2020

2019

 

    

Amount

    

Percent

    

Amount

    

Percent

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

One- to four-family residential:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Owner-occupied (1) (2)

$

52,570

 

75.5

%  

$

62,231

 

79.4

%

Non-owner-occupied

 

13,578

 

19.5

 

11,360

 

13.8

Multifamily

 

2,877

 

4.1

 

3,567

 

5.1

Commercial real estate

 

364

 

0.5

 

1,117

 

1.4

Consumer

 

214

 

0.3

 

209

 

0.3

Total loans receivable

 

69,603

 

100.0

%  

 

78,484

 

100.0

%

Deferred loan costs (fees)

 

1,139

 

 

1,151

 

  

Allowance for loan losses

 

(850)

 

 

(850)

 

  

Total loans receivable, net

$

69,892

$

78,785

 

  


(1)At December 31, 2020 and 2019, includes $1.2 million and $1.0 million, respectively, of construction loans.

7


(2)At December 31, 2020 and 2019, includes $586,000 and $1.7 million, respectively, of home equity loans.

Loan Portfolio Maturities. The following table sets forth the contractual maturities of our loan portfolio at December 31, 2020. Loans having no stated repayment schedule or maturity are reported as being due in the year ending December 31, 2021. Maturities are based on the final contractual payment date and do not reflect the impact of prepayments and scheduled principal amortization.

One- to

four-family

residential

Commercial

    

real estate

    

Multifamily

    

real estate

    

Consumer

    

Total

(In thousands)

Due During the Years Ending December 31, 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

2021

$

347

$

$

$

214

$

561

2022

 

168

 

 

 

 

168

2023

 

77

 

 

 

 

77

2024 to 2025

 

56

 

 

 

 

56

2026 to 2030

 

3,240

 

321

 

 

 

3,561

2031 to 2035

 

5,822

 

335

 

364

 

 

6,521

2036 and beyond

 

56,438

 

2,221

 

 

 

58,659

Total

$

66,148

$

2,877

$

364

$

214

$

69,603

The following table sets forth our fixed- and adjustable-rate loans at December 31, 2020 that are contractually due after December 31, 2021.

Due After December 31, 2021

    

Fixed

    

Adjustable

    

Total

(In thousands)

One- to four-family residential

$

61,319

$

4,829

$

66,148

Multifamily

 

2,664

 

213

 

2,877

Commercial real estate

 

364

 

 

364

Consumer

 

214

 

 

214

Total

$

64,561

$

5,042

$

69,603

Portfolio Loan Approval Procedures and Authority. Our lending is subject to written, non-discriminatory underwriting standards and origination procedures. Decisions on loan applications are made on the basis of detailed applications submitted by the prospective borrower and property valuations. Our policies require that for all real estate loans that we originate, property valuations must be performed by outside independent state-licensed appraisers approved by our board of directors. The loan applications are designed primarily to determine the borrower’s ability to repay the requested loan, and the more significant items on the application are verified through use of credit reports, financial statements and tax returns. All loans that we originate require personal guarantees that are evaluated as part of the loan.

Pursuant to applicable law, the aggregate amount of loans that we are permitted to make to any one borrower or a group of related borrowers is generally limited to 15% of Eureka Homestead’s unimpaired capital and surplus (25% if the amount in excess of 15% is secured by “readily marketable collateral” or 30% for certain residential development loans). At December 31, 2020, our largest credit relationship consisted of one loan which totaled $1.19 million and was secured by one owner-occupied, one- to four-family residential real estate property. Our second largest relationship at this date was for $1.17 million and was secured by two owner-occupied, one- to four-family residential real estate properties and one non-owner occupied, one-

8


to four-family residential real estate property. At December 31, 2020, these loans were performing in accordance with their repayment terms.

We have a Management Loan Committee and a Board Loan Committee. The Management Loan Committee is comprised of the Chief Executive Officer and the President/Chief Financial Officer and it considers loans/relationships up to $250,000. The Board Loan Committee is comprised of all directors and considers loans of $250,000 or more, or loans of any amount that will increase a borrower’s total relationship to $250,000 or more. All loans approved for portfolio are reviewed by the Board of Directors at its meetings.

Generally, we require property and extended coverage casualty insurance in amounts at least equal to the principal amount of the loan or the value of improvements on the property, depending on the type of loan. In addition, we require and escrow for flood insurance (where appropriate) and generally require an escrow for required property taxes and insurance. On occasion, we allow borrowers to pay their own taxes and property and casualty insurance as long as proof of payment is provided.

One- to Four-Family Residential Real Estate Lending. At December 31, 2020, $66.1 million, or 95.0% of our total loans, was secured by one- to four-family residential real estate. Of this total amount, $13.6 million, or 19.5% of our total loan portfolio, was secured by non-owner-occupied, one- to four-family residential real estate loans, $1.2 million, or 1.7% of our total loan portfolio, was secured by loans for the construction of owner-occupied, one- to four-family residential real estate and $586,000, or 0.8% of our total loan portfolio, was secured by home equity loans.

We originate both fixed- and adjustable-rate one- to four-family residential real estate loans, and at December 31, 2020, these types of loans were comprised of 92.8% of fixed-rate loans and 7.2% of adjustable-rate loans.

We generally limit the loan-to-value ratios of our owner-occupied and non-owner-occupied, one- to four-family residential real estate loans to 80% of the purchase price or appraised value, whichever is lower. In addition, we may make owner-occupied one- to four-family residential real estate loans with loan-to-value ratios above 80% of the purchase price or appraised value, whichever is less. We may or may not require private mortgage insurance for those loans.

We originate one- to four-family residential real estate loans for retention in our portfolio as well as for sale in the secondary market. Loans originated for sale are underwritten according to Fannie Mae guidelines, typically with terms of up to 30 years. We generally do not retain the servicing on loans we sell. Additionally, we originate non-conforming, one- to four-family residential real estate loans that we retain in our portfolio. These loans might be nonconforming as a result of the size of the loan, the loan to value of the appraised property securing the loan, or the debt to income ratio or the credit score of the borrower, or other nonconforming aspects of the credit. Loans that we retain in our portfolio have a maximum fixed-rate term of 30 years.

At December 31, 2020, most of our one- to four-family residential real estate loans, including $11.2 million of non-owner occupied loans, were secured by properties located in Jefferson or Orleans Parish. On a limited basis we have purchased one- to four-family residential real estate loans from outside of our market area.

Our adjustable-rate, one- to four-family residential real estate loans generally have fixed rates of interest for initial terms of three and five years and adjust annually thereafter. Generally, interest rates cannot increase more than 2% per year and 5% over the life of the loan. The interest rate is based on the weekly

9


average yield on Unites States Treasury securities adjusted to a constant maturity of 1 year, as made available by the Federal Reserve Board plus a margin of 2.25%. Our adjustable-rate loans carry terms to maturity of up to 30 years.

Although adjustable-rate one- to four-family residential real estate loans may reduce our vulnerability to changes in market interest rates because they periodically reprice, as interest rates increase, the required payments due from the borrower also increase (subject to rate caps), increasing the potential for default by the borrower. At the same time, the ability of the borrower to repay the loan and the marketability of the underlying collateral may be adversely affected by higher interest rates. Upward adjustments of the contractual interest rate are also limited by the maximum periodic and lifetime rate adjustments permitted by our loan documents. As a result, the effectiveness of adjustable-rate one- to four-family residential real estate loans in compensating for changes in market interest rates may be limited during periods of rapidly rising interest rates.

Our residential construction loans generally have initial terms of 12 months (subject to extension), during which the borrower pays interest only. Upon completion of construction, these loans convert to conventional amortizing mortgage loans. We generally do not extend credit if construction has already commenced. Our residential construction loans have rates and terms comparable to residential real estate loans that we originate. The maximum loan-to-value ratio of our residential construction loans is generally 85% of the lesser of the appraised value of the completed property or the total cost of the construction project. Residential construction loans are generally underwritten pursuant to the same guidelines used for originating permanent residential mortgage loans. We do not have a program for making speculative construction loans to contractors or developers.

Construction lending generally involves greater credit risk than long-term financing on improved, owner-occupied real estate. Risk of loss on construction loans depends largely upon the accuracy of the initial estimate of the value of the property at completion of construction compared to the estimated cost of construction and other assumptions. If the estimate of construction cost is inaccurate, we may be required to advance additional funds beyond the amount originally committed in order to protect the value of the property. Moreover, if the estimated value of the completed project is inaccurate, the borrower may hold a property with a value that is insufficient to assure full repayment of the construction loan upon the sale of the property. Construction loans also expose us to the risk that improvements will not be completed on time in accordance with specifications and projected costs. In addition, the ultimate sale or rental of the property may not occur as anticipated.

Other than during the construction phase of our one-to four-family residential loans, we do not offer “interest only” mortgage loans on permanent one- to four-family residential real estate loans (where the borrower pays interest for an initial period, after which the loan converts to a fully amortizing loan). We also do not offer one- to four-family residential real estate loans that provide for negative amortization of principal, such as “Option ARM” loans, where the borrower can pay less than the interest owed on the loan, resulting in an increased principal balance during the life of the loan. We generally do not offer “subprime loans” on one- to four- family residential real estate loans (i.e., loans to borrowers with weakened credit histories typically characterized by payment delinquencies, previous charge-offs, judgments, bankruptcies, or borrowers with questionable repayment capacity as evidenced by low credit scores or high debt-burden ratios), or “Alt-A” (i.e., loans to borrowers with better credit scores who borrow with alternative documentation such as little or no verification of income). However, we consider the circumstances of each borrower’s financial situation before rendering a decision.

10


Non-Owner-Occupied One- to Four-Family Residential Real Estate Loans. At December 31, 2020, $13.6 million, or 19.5% of our total loan portfolio, consisted of non-owner-occupied, or “investment,” one- to four-family residential real estate loans, all of which were secured by properties located in our primary lending market area. At December 31, 2020, our non-owner-occupied one- to four-family residential real estate loans had an average balance of $136,000. At December 31, 2020, our largest non-owner-occupied one- to four-family residential relationship had a principal balance of $741,000 and was collateralized by one property and was performing in accordance with its repayment terms as of such date. At December 31, 2020, our second largest non-owner-occupied one- to four-family residential relationship had a principal balance of $559,000 and was collateralized by four properties and was performing in accordance with its repayment terms as of such date.

We originate fixed-rate and adjustable-rate loans secured by non-owner-occupied one- to four-family properties. These loans may have a term of up to 30 years. In recent years, in the historically low interest rate environment, nearly all of our non-owner-occupied one- to four-family residential loan originations have fixed rates of interest. We generally lend up to 80% of the property’s appraised value. Appraised values are determined by an outside independent appraiser. In deciding to originate a loan secured by a non-owner-occupied one- to four-family residential property, we review the creditworthiness of the borrower, the expected cash flow from the property securing the loan, the cash flow requirements of the borrower and the value of the property securing the loan. We require an abstract of title, a title policy, property and extended coverage casualty insurance, and, if appropriate, flood insurance, in order to protect our security interest in the underlying property. Current borrower financial information is required on an annual basis under the terms of loans originated after 2009.

Non-owner-occupied one- to four-family residential loans generally carry higher interest rates and have shorter terms than one- to four-family residential mortgage loans. Non owner-occupied one- to four-family residential loans, however, entail greater credit risks compared to the owner-occupied one- to four-family residential mortgage loans we originate. The payment of loans secured by income-producing properties typically depends on the sufficient income from the property to cover operating expenses and debt service. Changes in economic conditions could affect the value of the collateral for the loan or the future cash flow of the property. Historically, we have experienced higher rates of delinquencies on our non-owner-occupied one- to four-family residential real estate loans as compared to our owner-occupied loans.

Home Equity Loans. In addition to one- to four-family residential real estate loans, we offer closed-end, second mortgage home equity loans that are secured by the borrower’s primary residence. We make home equity loans to borrowers on which we also hold the first mortgage as well as loans on which we do not hold the first mortgage. At December 31, 2020, we had $586,000, or 0.8%, of our total loan portfolio in home equity loans.

Home equity loans are generally underwritten using the same criteria that we use to underwrite one- to four-family residential real estate loans. Home equity loans may be underwritten with a loan-to-value ratio of up to 90% when combined with the principal balance of the existing first mortgage loan. Our home equity loans are primarily originated with fixed rates of interest with terms of up to 15 years.

Home equity loans are generally secured by junior mortgages and have greater risk than one- to four-family residential real estate loans secured by first mortgages. We face the risk that the collateral will be insufficient to compensate us for loan losses and costs of foreclosure, after repayment of the senior mortgages, if applicable. When customers default on their loans, we assess the likelihood of recovery from the sale of the collateral. Generally, we will attempt to foreclose on the property and resell the property as soon as possible to minimize foreclosure and carrying costs. However, the value of the collateral may not be

11


sufficient to compensate us for the amount of the unpaid loan and we may be unsuccessful in recovering the remaining balance from those customers. Particularly with respect to our home equity loans, decreases in real estate values could adversely affect our ability to fully recover the loan balance in the event of a default.

Multifamily and Commercial Real Estate Loans. At December 31, 2020, multifamily loans totaled $2.9 million, or 4.1% of our total loan portfolio, and commercial real estate loans totaled an additional $364,000, or 0.5% of our total loan portfolio. We intend to modestly increase our emphasis on multifamily and commercial real estate loans through increased originations and purchase of participations although, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we were not able to do so in 2020.

We originate a variety of fixed- and adjustable-rate multifamily and commercial real estate loans with balloon and amortization terms up to 25 years. Multifamily and commercial real estate loan amounts generally do not exceed 75% of the property’s appraised value at the time the loan is originated. Aggregate debt service ratios, including the guarantor’s cash flow and the borrower’s other projects, have a guideline minimum income to debt service ratio of 1.25x. We require multifamily and commercial real estate loan borrowers to submit annual financial statements and tax returns and/or rent rolls on the subject property. We may request such information for smaller loans on a case-by-case basis. These properties may also be subject to annual inspections with pictures as evidence appropriate maintenance is being performed. Our commercial real estate loans are typically secured by retail, service or other commercial properties.

At December 31, 2020, our largest multifamily real estate relationship totaled $579,000 and was secured by one property. At December 31, 2020, this loan was performing in accordance with its original payment terms.

At December 31, 2020, we had only one commercial real estate loan in the amount of $364,000 secured by a mixed commercial/residential property in Louisiana. This loan was performing in accordance with its original repayment terms at December 31, 2020.

We consider a number of factors in originating commercial real estate loans. We evaluate the qualifications, credit capacity and financial condition of the borrower, including project-level and global cash flows, credit history, and management expertise, as well as the value and condition of the property securing the loan. When evaluating the qualifications of the borrower, we first consider the financial resources of the borrower, the borrower’s experience in owning or managing similar property and the borrower’s payment history with us and other financial institutions. In evaluating the property securing the loan, the factors we consider include the net operating income of the mortgaged property before debt service and depreciation, the ratio of the loan amount to the appraised value of the mortgaged property and the debt service coverage ratio (the ratio of net operating income to debt service). We generally require a debt service ratio of at least 1.25x.

The payment of loans secured by income-producing properties typically depends on the successful operation of the property, as repayment of the loan generally is dependent, in large part, on sufficient income from the property to cover operating expenses and debt service. Changes in economic conditions that are not in the control of the borrower or lender could affect the value of the collateral for the loan or the future cash flow of the property. Additionally, any decline in real estate values may be more pronounced for commercial real estate than residential properties. There may be additional risk on commercial rentals, where the borrower is not the occupant of the collateral property. If we foreclose on a multifamily or commercial real estate loan, our holding period for the collateral is typically longer than for one- to four-family residential real estate loans because there are fewer potential purchasers of the collateral. Further, our multifamily and commercial real estate loans generally have relatively larger balances to single borrowers or related groups of borrowers than our one- to four-family residential real estate loans. Accordingly, if any of our judgments regarding the collectability of our multifamily or commercial real estate loans prove incorrect, the resulting

12


charge-offs may be larger on a per loan basis than those incurred with respect to one- to four-family residential loans.

Consumer Lending. At December 31, 2020, we had $214,000, or 0.3% of our loan portfolio, in consumer loans. Our consumer loans are collateralized by up to 90% of the borrower’s existing savings accounts or certificates of deposit at Eureka Homestead and are interest-only loans with no fixed term. Generally, these loans carry an interest rate of 2.00% above the borrower’s deposit rate.

Loan Originations, Participations, Purchases and Sales

We originate real estate and other loans through employee marketing and advertising efforts, our existing customer base, walk-in customers and referrals from customers.

We originate one-to four-family residential real estate loans that conform to Fannie Mae guidelines for sale into the secondary market. In 2020 and 2019, we originated for sale and sold $26.1 million and $19.7 million, respectively, of one- to four-family residential real estate loans.

We employ certain processes and procedures to monitor and mitigate the risks associated with our mortgage banking activities, including:

independent daily pricing to establish profitability targets;
locking rates to mitigate risk of pair off fees;
selling loans pursuant to best efforts delivery contracts to eliminate warehouse and pipeline risk; and
underwriting review of each file to avoid loan repurchases for non-compliance with underwriting requirements.

Since 2007 we have not purchased whole loans, however, in 2015 we began purchasing participations in a commercial real estate loans. Subject to our conservative underwriting standards, in the future we intend to modestly increase the emphasis of originations of and the purchase of participations in multifamily and commercial real estate loans although, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we were not able to do so in 2020.

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The following table sets forth our loan origination, sale and principal repayment activity during the periods indicated. We did not purchase any loans during the years presented.

Years Ended December 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

(In thousands)

Total loans, at beginning of period

$

80,121

$

81,221

Loans originated:

 

  

 

  

Real estate:

 

  

 

  

One- to four-family residential

 

51,147

 

30,015

Multifamily

 

 

Commercial

 

 

Consumer

 

24

 

15

Total loans originated

 

51,171

30,030

Loans sold:

 

  

 

  

Real estate:

 

  

 

  

One- to four-family residential

 

26,065

 

19,716

Total loans sold

 

26,065

 

19,716

Other:

 

  

 

  

Principal repayments and other

 

32,014

 

11,414

Net loan activity

 

(6,908)

 

(1,100)

Total loans, including loans held for sale, at end of period

$

73,213

$

80,121

Delinquencies, Classified Assets and Nonperforming Assets

Delinquency Procedures. When a borrower fails to make a required monthly payment on a residential real estate loan, we attempt to contact the borrower by phone.  All delinquent loans are reported to the board of directors each month. This report effectively is our watch list. After 90 days delinquent the loan is transferred to the appropriate collections personnel.  Our policies provide that a late notice be sent four times a month. Once the loan is considered in default, generally at 90 days past due, a letter is generally sent to the borrower explaining that the entire balance of the loan is due and payable, the loan is placed on non-accrual status, and additional efforts are made to contact the borrower.  If the borrower does not respond, we generally initiate foreclosure proceedings when the loan is 120 days past due.  If the loan is reinstated, foreclosure proceedings will be discontinued and the borrower will be permitted to continue to make payments.  In certain instances, we may modify the loan or grant a limited exemption from loan payments to allow the borrower to reorganize his or her financial affairs. 

When we acquire real estate as a result of foreclosure or by deed in lieu of foreclosure, the real estate is classified as other real estate owned until it is sold. The real estate is recorded at estimated fair value at the date of acquisition less estimated costs to sell, and any write-down resulting from the acquisition is charged to the allowance for loan losses. Subsequent decreases in the value of the property are charged to operations. After acquisition, all costs in maintaining the property are expensed as incurred. Costs relating to the development and improvement of the property, however, are capitalized to the extent of estimated fair value less estimated costs to sell.

Delinquent multifamily and commercial real estate and construction loans are handled in a similar fashion. Our procedures for repossession and sale of consumer collateral are subject to various requirements

14


under applicable laws, including consumer protection laws. In addition, we may determine that foreclosure and sale of such collateral would not be cost-effective for us.

Troubled Debt Restructurings. We occasionally modify loans to extend the term or make other concessions to help a borrower stay current on his or her loan and to avoid foreclosure.  We consider modifications only after analyzing the borrower’s current repayment capacity, evaluating the strength of any guarantors based on documented current financial information, and assessing the current value of any collateral pledged. We generally do not forgive principal or interest on loans, but may do so if it is in our best interest and increases the likelihood that we can collect the remaining principal balance. We may modify the terms of loans to lower interest rates (which may be at below market rates), to provide for fixed interest rates on loans where fixed rates are otherwise not available, to provide for longer amortization schedules, or to provide for interest-only terms. These modifications are made only when a workout plan has been agreed to by the borrower that we believe is reasonable and attainable and in our best interests. At December 31, 2020, we had no loans which were classified as troubled debt restructurings.

Delinquent Loans. The following table sets forth our loan delinquencies by type and amount at the dates indicated.

Loans Delinquent For

30-89 Days

90 Days and Over

Total

    

Number

    

Amount

    

Number

    

Amount

    

Number

    

Amount

(Dollars in thousands)

At December 31, 2020

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Real estate:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

One- to four-family residential

 

$

 

$

 

$

Multifamily

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

 

$

 

$

At December 31, 2019

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Real estate:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

One- to four-family residential

 

1

$

89

 

$

 

1

$

89

Multifamily

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

1

$

89

 

$

 

1

$

89

Classified Assets. Federal regulations provide that loans and other assets of lesser quality should be classified as “substandard”, “doubtful” or “loss.” An asset is considered “substandard” if it is inadequately protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. “Substandard” assets include those characterized by the “distinct possibility” that the insured institution will sustain “some loss” if the deficiencies are not corrected. Assets classified as “doubtful” have all of the weaknesses inherent in those classified “substandard”, with the added characteristic that the weaknesses present make “collection or liquidation in full”, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions, and values, “highly questionable and improbable.” Assets classified as “loss” are those considered “uncollectible” and of such little value that their continuance as assets without the establishment of a specific allowance for loan losses is not warranted. Assets that do not currently expose the insured institution to sufficient risk to warrant classification in one of the aforementioned categories but possess weaknesses are designated as “watch.” At December 31, 2020, we had one loan designated as “watch.”

15


When an insured institution classifies problem assets as either substandard or doubtful, it may establish general allowances in an amount deemed prudent by management to cover losses that were both probable and reasonable to estimate. General allowances represent allowances which have been established to cover accrued losses associated with lending activities that were both probable and reasonable to estimate, but which, unlike specific allowances, have not been allocated to particular problem assets. When an insured institution classifies problem assets as “loss”, it is required either to establish a specific allowance for losses equal to 100% of that portion of the asset so classified or to charge-off such amount. An institution’s determination as to the classification of its assets and the amount of its valuation allowances is subject to review by the regulatory authorities, which may have judgments different than management’s, and may determine the need to establish additional general or specific allowances.

In connection with the filing of our periodic regulatory reports and in accordance with our classification of assets policy, we regularly review the problem loans in our portfolio to determine whether any loans require classification in accordance with applicable regulations. If a problem loan deteriorates in asset quality, the classification is changed to “substandard”, “doubtful” or “loss” depending on the circumstances and the evaluation. Generally, loans 90 days or more past due are placed on nonaccrual status and classified “substandard.”

The following table sets forth our amounts of classified assets as of the dates indicated. Amounts shown at December 31, 2020 and 2019 include $0 and $0 of nonperforming loans, respectively. The related specific valuation allowance in the allowance for loan losses for such nonperforming loans was $0 and $0 at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

At December 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

 

(In thousands)

Substandard assets

$

559

$

567

Doubtful assets

 

 

Loss assets

 

 

Total classified assets

$

559

$

567

Nonperforming Assets. The Company had no nonperforming assets at December 31, 2020 or 2019.

For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, gross interest income that would have been recorded had our non-accruing loans been current in accordance with their original terms was $0 and $0, and no interest income was recognized on any such loans for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Other Loans of Concern. At December 31, 2020 and 2019, there were $559,000 and $567,000, respectively, of other loans, all of which were classified as substandard, that are not already disclosed in the nonperforming assets and troubled debt restructurings paragraphs above where there is information about possible credit problems of borrowers that caused management to have serious doubts about the ability of the borrowers to comply with present loan repayment terms and that may result in disclosure of such loans in the future.

Allowance for Loan Losses

Analysis and Determination of the Allowance for Loan Losses. Our allowance for loan losses is the amount considered necessary to reflect probable incurred losses in our loan portfolio. We evaluate the

16


need to establish allowances against losses on loans on a quarterly basis. When additional allowances are necessary, a provision for loan losses is charged to earnings.

Our methodology for assessing the appropriateness of the allowance for loan losses consists of two key elements: (1) specific allowances for identified impaired loans; and (2) a general valuation allowance on the remainder of the loan portfolio. Although we determine the amount of each element of the allowance separately, the entire allowance for loan losses is available for the entire portfolio.

We identify loans that may need to be charged off as a loss by reviewing all delinquent loans, classified loans, and other loans about which management may have concerns about collectability. For individually reviewed loans, the borrower’s inability to make payments under the terms of the loan as well as the shortfall in collateral value could result in our charging off the loan or the portion of the loan that was impaired.

Among other factors, we consider current general economic conditions, including current housing price depreciation, in determining the appropriateness of the allowance for loan losses for our residential real estate portfolio. We use evidence obtained from our own loan portfolio as well as published housing data on our local markets from third party sources we believe to be reliable as a basis for assumptions about the impact of housing depreciation.

Substantially all of our loans are secured by collateral. Loans 90 days past due and other classified loans are evaluated for impairment and general or specific allowances are established. Typically for a nonperforming real estate loan in the process of collection, the value of the underlying collateral is estimated using either the original independent appraisal if it is less than 12 months old, adjusted for current economic conditions and other factors, or a new independent appraisal, and related general or specific allowances for loan losses are adjusted on a quarterly basis. If a nonperforming real estate loan is in the process of foreclosure and/or there are serious doubts about further collectability of principal or interest, and there is uncertainty about the value of the underlying collateral, we will order a new independent appraisal if it has not already been obtained. Any shortfall would result in immediately charging off the portion of the loan that was impaired.

Specific Allowances for Identified Problem Loans. We establish a specific allowance when loans are determined to be impaired. Loss is measured by determining the present value of expected future cash flows or, for collateral-dependent loans, the fair value of the collateral less estimated selling expenses. Factors in identifying a specific problem loan include: (1) the strength of the customer’s personal or business cash flows; (2) the availability of other sources of repayment; (3) the amount due or past due; (4) the type and value of collateral; (5) the strength of our collateral position; (6) the estimated cost to sell the collateral; and (7) the borrower’s effort to cure the delinquency. In addition, for loans secured by real estate, we consider the extent of any past due and unpaid property taxes applicable to the property serving as collateral on the mortgage.

General Valuation Allowance on the Remainder of the Loan Portfolio. We establish a general allowance for loans that are not classified as impaired to recognize the inherent losses associated with lending activities, but which, unlike specific allowances, has not been allocated to particular problem assets. This general valuation allowance is determined by segregating the loans by loan category and assigning allowance percentages based on our historical loss experience, delinquency trends and management’s evaluation of the collectability of the loan portfolio. The allowance may be adjusted for significant factors that, in management’s judgment, affect the collectability of the portfolio as of the evaluation date. These significant factors may include changes in lending policies and procedures, changes in existing general economic and business conditions affecting our primary market area, credit quality trends, collateral value, loan volumes

17


and concentrations, seasoning of the loan portfolio, recent loss experience in particular segments of the portfolio, duration of the current business cycle and bank regulatory examination results. The applied loss factors are re-evaluated quarterly to ensure their relevance in the current real estate environment.

The following table sets forth activity in our allowance for loan losses for the years indicated.

At or For the Years Ended

 

December 31, 

 

    

2020

    

2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Balance at beginning of year

$

850

$

850

 

  

 

  

Charge-offs:

 

  

 

  

Real Estate:

 

  

 

  

One-to four-family residential

 

 

Multifamily

 

 

Commercial

 

 

Consumer

 

 

Total charge-offs

 

 

 

  

 

  

Recoveries:

 

  

 

  

Real Estate:

 

  

 

  

One-to four-family residential

 

2

 

9

Multifamily

 

 

Commercial

 

 

Consumer

 

 

Total recoveries

 

2

 

9

 

  

 

  

Net (charge-offs) recoveries

 

2

 

9

Provision for loan losses

 

(2)

 

(9)

 

  

 

  

Balance at end of year

$

850

$

850

 

  

 

  

Ratios:

 

  

 

  

Net recoveries (charge-offs) to average loans outstanding

 

0.00

%  

 

0.01

%

Allowance for loan losses to non-performing loans at end of year (1)

 

n/a

 

n/a

Allowance for loan losses to total loans at end of year

 

1.22

%  

 

1.08

%


(1)Not applicable

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Allocation of Allowance for Loan Losses. The following table sets forth the allowance for loan losses allocated by loan category, the total loan balances by category, and the percent of loans in each category to total loans at the dates indicated. The allowance for loan losses allocated to each category is not necessarily indicative of future losses in any particular category and does not restrict the use of the allowance to absorb losses in other categories.

At December 31, 

 

2020

2019

 

Percent of

Percent of

Percent of

Percent of

 

Allowance to

Loans in

Allowance to

Loans in

 

Total

Category to

Total

Category to

 

    

Amount

    

Allowance

    

Total Loans

    

Amount

    

Allowance

    

Total Loans

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

One-to four-family residential

$

329

 

38.7

%  

95.0

%  

$

375

 

44.0

%  

93.2

%

Multifamily

 

22

 

2.6

 

4.1

 

27

 

3.7

 

5.1

Commercial real estate

 

4

 

0.5

 

0.5

 

11

 

1.4

 

1.4

Consumer

 

 

 

0.3

 

 

 

0.3

Total allocated allowance

 

355

 

41.8

 

100.0

 

413

 

49.1

 

100.0

Unallocated allowance

 

495

 

58.2

 

 

437

 

50.9

 

Total allowance for loan losses

$

850

 

100.0

%  

100.0

%  

$

850

 

100.0

%  

100.0

%

At December 31, 2020, our allowance for loan losses represented 1.22% of total loans, and at December 31, 2019, our allowance for loan losses represented 1.08% of total loans. There were net recoveries of $2,000 and $9,000 during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Although we believe that we use the best information available to establish the allowance for loan losses, future adjustments to the allowance for loan losses may be necessary and results of operations could be adversely affected if circumstances differ substantially from the assumptions used in making the determinations. Because future events affecting borrowers and collateral cannot be predicted with certainty, the existing allowance for loan losses may not be adequate and management may determine that increases in the allowance are necessary if the quality of any portion of our loan portfolio deteriorates as a result. Furthermore, as an integral part of its examination process, the OCC will periodically review our allowance for loan losses. The OCC may have judgments different than management’s, and we may determine to increase our allowance as a result of these regulatory reviews. Any material increase in the allowance for loan losses may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

Investment Activities

General. Our investment policy is established by the board of directors. The objectives of the policy are to: (i) ensure adequate liquidity for loan demand and deposit fluctuations, and to allow us to alter our liquidity position to meet both day-to-day and long-term changes in assets and liabilities; (ii) manage interest rate risk in accordance with our interest rate risk policy; (iii) provide collateral for pledging requirements; (iv) maximize return on our investments; and (v) maintain a balance of high quality diversified investments to minimize risk.

Our executive officers meet monthly to assess our asset/liability risk profile and this group is responsible for implementing our investment policy, subject to the board of director’s approval of the investment strategies and monitoring of the investment performance. The Chief Executive Officer and the President/Chief Financial Officer have the overall responsibility for managing the investment portfolio and executing transactions. The board of directors regularly reviews our investment strategies and the market value of our investment portfolio.

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We account for investment and mortgage-backed securities in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 320, “Investments - Debt and Equity Securities.” Accounting Standards Codification 320 requires that investments be categorized as held-to-maturity, trading, or available-for-sale. Our decision to classify certain of our securities as available-for-sale is based on our need to meet daily liquidity needs and to take advantage of profits that may occur from time to time.

Federally chartered savings institutions have authority to invest in various types of assets, including government-sponsored enterprise obligations, securities of various federal agencies, residential mortgage-backed securities, certain certificates of deposit of insured financial institutions, overnight and short-term loans to other banks, corporate debt instruments, debt instruments of municipalities and Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac equity securities. At December 31, 2020 and 2019, our investment portfolio consisted of mortgage-backed securities and Small Business Administration (SBA) securities.

Investment Securities. At December 31, 2020, we had mortgage-backed securities with a carrying value of $2.8 million, and we held $3.2 million of SBA securities. At these dates, all of our investment securities were categorized as available-for-sale.

Mortgage-backed securities are securities issued in the secondary market that are collateralized by pools of mortgages. Certain types of mortgage-backed securities are commonly referred to as “pass-through” certificates because the principal and interest of the underlying loans is “passed through” to investors, net of certain costs, including servicing and guarantee fees. Mortgage-backed securities typically are collateralized by pools of one- to four-family or multifamily mortgages, although we invest primarily in mortgage-backed securities backed by one- to four-family mortgages. The issuers of such securities pool and resell the participation interests in the form of securities to investors such as Eureka Homestead. The interest rate of the security is lower than the interest rates of the underlying loans to allow for payment of servicing and guaranty fees. All of our mortgage-backed securities are either backed by United States Government agencies, such as Ginnie Mae and the SBA, or government-sponsored enterprises, such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

Residential mortgage-backed securities issued by United States Government agencies and government-sponsored enterprises are more liquid than individual mortgage loans because there is an active trading market for such securities. In addition, residential mortgage-backed securities may be used to collateralize our borrowings. Investments in residential mortgage-backed securities involve a risk that actual payments will be greater or less than the prepayment rate estimated at the time of purchase, which may require adjustments to the amortization of any premium or accretion of any discount relating to such interests, thereby affecting the net yield on our securities. Current prepayment speeds determine whether prepayment estimates require modification that could cause amortization or accretion adjustments.

Our SBA securities are securitized pools of loans issued and fully guaranteed by the Small Business Administration, a U.S. government agency.

Other Securities. We hold common stock of the FHLB in connection with our borrowing activities. The FHLB common stock is carried at cost and classified as restricted equity securities. It is not practicable to determine the fair value of FHLB common stock due to restrictions placed on its transferability. We may be required to purchase additional FHLB common stock if we increase borrowings in the future.

20


The following table sets forth the amortized cost and fair value of our securities portfolio (excluding FHLB common stock) at the dates indicated. At the dates indicated, all of our investment securities were held as available-for-sale.

At December 31, 

2020

2019

Amortized

Fair

Amortized

Fair

    

Cost

    

Value

    

Cost

    

Value

(In thousands)

Government Sponsored Mortgage-Backed securities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Freddie Mac

$

2,811

$

2,874

$

2,664

$

2,645

SBA 7a Pools

 

3,183

 

3,176

 

2,678

 

2,675

Total securities available-for-sale

$

5,994

$

6,050

$

5,342

$

5,320

Portfolio Maturities and Yields. The composition and maturities of the investment securities portfolio at December 31, 2020 are summarized in the following table. Maturities are based on the final contractual payment dates, and do not reflect the impact of prepayments or early redemptions that may occur. No tax-equivalent yield adjustments were made, as the effect thereof was not material. All of our securities at this date were held as available-for-sale.

More than One Year

More than Five Years

 

One Year or Less

through Five Years

through Ten Years

More than Ten Years

Total Securities

 

Weighted

Weighted

Weighted

Weighted

Weighted

 

Amortized

Average

Amortized

Average

Amortized

Average

Amortized

Average

Amortized

Fair

Average

 

    

 Cost

    

Yield

    

Cost

    

Yield

    

Cost

    

Yield

    

Cost

    

Yield

    

Cost

    

Value

    

Yield

 

(Dollars in thousands)

Government Sponsored Mortgage-Backed securities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

FHLMC

$

 

%  

$

 

%  

$

1,002

 

0.42

%  

$

1,809

 

1.94

%  

$

2,811

$

2,874

 

1.40

%

SBA 7a Pools

 

 

%  

 

 

%  

 

2,264

 

0.59

%  

 

919

 

0.83

%  

 

3,183

 

3,176

 

0.66

%

Total securities available-for-sale

$

 

%  

$

 

%  

$

3,266

 

0.54

%  

$

2,728

 

1.57

%  

$

5,994

$

6,050

 

1.01

%

Sources of Funds

General. Deposits, scheduled amortization and prepayments of loan principal, amortization payments from mortgage-backed securities and SBA securities, proceeds from loan sales, maturities and calls of securities and funds provided by operations are our primary sources of funds for use in lending, investing and for other general purposes. We also use borrowings, primarily FHLB advances, to supplement cash flow needs, lengthen the maturities of liabilities for interest rate risk purposes and to manage the cost of funds.

Deposits. We offer deposit products having a range of interest rates and terms. We currently offer savings accounts (passbook and money market) and certificates of deposit. Historically, we have relied on retail certificates of deposit as a funding source. In recent years, we have also accepted jumbo certificates of deposit through an on-line service, and municipal certificates of deposit, as non-retail funding sources to fund our loan originations. These non-core funding sources are not relationship-based accounts and are generally more price-sensitive than our core deposits of savings and money market accounts and our retail certificates of deposit. Therefore, these deposits carry a greater risk of non-renewal than our core deposits.

The flow of deposits is influenced significantly by general economic conditions, changes in market and other prevailing interest rates, and competition. Our retail deposits are primarily obtained from areas surrounding our office, and our wholesale funding obtained through on-line listing services.

21


At December 31, 2020, our certificates of deposit included $29.2 million obtained through an online listing service, $1.5 million of brokered deposits, $2.3 million of municipal deposits and $11.6 million of jumbo (greater than $100,000) retail certificates of deposits and savings accounts.

The following table sets forth the distribution of our average total deposit accounts, by account type, for the years indicated.

For the Years Ended December 31, 

 

2020

2019

 

Weighted

Weighted

 

Average

Average

Average

Average

 

    

Balance

    

Percent

    

Rate

    

Balance

    

Percent

    

Rate

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Savings (Passbook and money market)

$

2,819

 

5.0

%  

0.20

%  

$

3,958

 

6.7

%  

0.20

%

Certificates of deposit:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Online listing service CDs

 

25,501

 

45.6

 

1.83

 

24,338

 

41.0

 

2.33

Retail CDs

 

21,943

 

39.2

 

1.78

 

20,528

 

34.5

 

2.04

Municipal CDs

 

4,362

 

7.8

 

1.95

 

9,304

 

15.7

 

2.55

Brokered CDs

 

1,320

 

2.4

 

2.13

 

1,298

 

2.2

 

2.49

Total deposits

$

55,945

 

100.0

%  

1.75

%  

$

59,426

 

100.0

%  

2.12

%

As of December 31, 2020, the aggregate amount of our outstanding certificates of deposit in amounts greater than or equal to $100,000 was approximately $43.0 million. The following table sets forth the maturity of those certificates as of December 31, 2020.

At December 31, 

    

2020

(In thousands)

Three months or less

$

3,298

Over three months through six months

 

3,001

Over six months through one year

 

6,347

Over one year to three years

 

18,230

Over three years

 

12,092

Total

$

42,968

The following table sets forth all our certificates of deposit classified by interest rate as of the dates indicated.

At December 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

(In thousands)

Interest Rate:

 

  

 

  

Less than 1.00%

$

19,544

$

713

1.00% - 1.99%

 

17,074

 

23,688

2.00% - 2.99%

 

13,178

 

26,491

3.00% - 3.99%

 

3,781

 

4,356

Total

$

53,577

$

55,248

22


The following table sets forth the amount and maturities of all our certificates of deposit by interest rate at December 31, 2020.

At December 31, 2020

 

Period to Maturity

 

Percentage

 

Less Than

Over One

Over Two

of Total

 

or Equal to

Year to Two

Years to

Over Three

Certificate

 

    

One Year

    

Years

    

Three Years

    

Years

    

Total

    

Accounts

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Interest Rate:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Less than 1.00%

$

5,951

$

1,214

$

2,025

$

10,354

$

19,544

 

36.4

%

1.00% - 1.99%

 

6,898

 

6,716

 

403

 

3,057

 

17,074

 

31.9

2.00% - 2.99%

 

5,254

 

3,247

 

1,427

 

3,250

 

13,178

 

24.6

3.00% - 3.99%

 

249

 

395

 

805

 

2,332

 

3,781

 

7.1

Total

$

18,352

$

11,572

$

4,660

$

18,993

$

53,577

 

100.0

%

Borrowings. We may obtain advances from the FHLB upon the security of our capital stock in the FHLB and our one- to four-family residential real estate portfolio. We utilize these advances for asset/liability management purposes and for additional funding for our operations. Such advances may be made pursuant to several different credit programs, each of which has its own interest rate and range of maturities. To the extent such borrowings have different terms to reprice than our deposits, they can change our interest rate risk profile. Historically, we have utilized longer-term advances to better match the maturities of the long-term, fixed-rate assets which comprise the biggest component of our loan portfolio. At December 31, 2020, we had $19.4 million in outstanding advances from the FHLB. At December 31, 2020, based on available collateral and our ownership of FHLB common stock, we had access to additional FHLB advances of up to $17.1 million. Additionally, at December 31, 2020, we had access to a $6.6 million line of credit through First National Bankers Bank.

The following table sets forth information concerning balances and interest rates on our borrowings at and for the periods shown:

At or For the Years Ended

 

December 31, 

 

    

2020

    

2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

FHLB:

 

  

 

  

Balance at end of period

$

19,443

$

21,581

Average balance during period

$

22,297

$

23,764

Maximum outstanding at any month end

$

25,608

$

27,036

Weighted average interest rate at end of period

 

2.33

%  

 

2.86

%

Average interest rate during period

 

2.62

%  

 

2.87

%

For more information about our borrowings, see Note 10 of the Notes to our Financial Statements beginning on page F-25 of this annual report.

Expense and Tax Allocation Agreements

Eureka Homestead has entered into an agreement with Eureka Homestead Bancorp to provide it with certain administrative support services, whereby Eureka Homestead will be compensated at not less than the fair market value of the services provided. In addition, Eureka Homestead and Eureka Homestead Bancorp

23


have entered into an agreement to establish a method for allocating and for reimbursing the payment of their consolidated tax liability.

Employees

As of December 31, 2020 we had 14 full-time equivalent employees. Our employees are not represented by any collective bargaining group. Management believes that we have a good working relationship with our employees.

REGULATION AND SUPERVISION

General

As a federal savings association, Eureka Homestead is subject to examination and regulation by the OCC, and is also subject to examination by the FDIC. This regulation and supervision establishes a comprehensive framework of activities in which an institution may engage and is intended primarily for the protection of the FDIC’s deposit insurance fund and depositors, and not for the protection of security holders. Eureka Homestead also is a member of and owns stock in the FHLB, which is one of the 11 regional banks in the Federal Home Loan Bank System.

Under this system of regulation, the regulatory authorities have extensive discretion in connection with their supervisory, enforcement, rulemaking and examination activities and policies, including rules or policies that: establish minimum capital levels; restrict the timing and amount of dividend payments; govern the classification of assets; determine the adequacy of loan loss reserves for regulatory purposes; and establish the timing and amounts of assessments and fees. Moreover, as part of their examination authority, the banking regulators assign numerical ratings to banks and savings institutions relating to capital, asset quality, management, liquidity, earnings and other factors. The receipt of a less than satisfactory rating in one or more categories may result in enforcement action by the banking regulators against a financial institution. A less than satisfactory rating may also prevent a financial institution, such as Eureka Homestead or its holding company, from obtaining necessary regulatory approvals to access the capital markets, pay dividends, acquire other financial institutions or establish new branches.

In addition, we must comply with significant anti-money laundering and anti-terrorism laws and regulations, Community Reinvestment Act laws and regulations, and fair lending laws and regulations. Government agencies have the authority to impose monetary penalties and other sanctions on institutions that fail to comply with these laws and regulations, which could significantly affect our business activities, including our ability to acquire other financial institutions or expand our branch network.

As a savings and loan holding company, Eureka Homestead Bancorp is required to comply with the rules and regulations of the Federal Reserve Board. It is required to file certain reports with the Federal Reserve Board and is subject to examination by the enforcement authority of the Federal Reserve Board. Eureka Homestead Bancorp is also subject to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission under the federal securities laws.

Any change in applicable laws or regulations, whether by the OCC, the FDIC, the Federal Reserve Board or Congress, could have a material adverse impact on the operations and financial performance of Eureka Homestead Bancorp and Eureka Homestead.

Set forth below is a brief description of material regulatory requirements that are or will be applicable to Eureka Homestead and Eureka Homestead Bancorp. The description is limited to certain material aspects

24


of the statutes and regulations addressed, and is not intended to be a complete description of such statutes and regulations and their effects on Eureka Homestead and Eureka Homestead Bancorp.

Federal Banking Regulation

Business Activities. A federal savings association derives its lending and investment powers from the Home Owners’ Loan Act, as amended, and applicable federal regulations. Under these laws and regulations, Eureka Homestead may invest in mortgage loans secured by residential and commercial real estate, commercial business and consumer loans, certain types of debt securities and certain other assets, subject to applicable limits. Eureka Homestead may also establish subsidiaries that may engage in certain activities not otherwise permissible for Eureka Homestead, including real estate investment and securities and insurance brokerage.

Capital Requirements. Federal regulations require federally insured depository institutions to meet several minimum capital standards: a common equity Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets ratio of 4.5%, a Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets ratio of 6.0%, a total capital to risk-weighted assets of 8.0%, and a 4.0% Tier 1 capital to adjusted average total assets leverage ratio. These capital requirements were effective January 1, 2015 and are the result of a final rule implementing recommendations of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain requirements of the Dodd-Frank Act.

Common equity Tier 1 capital is generally defined as common stockholders’ equity and retained earnings.  Tier 1 capital is generally defined as common equity Tier 1 and additional Tier 1 capital.  Additional Tier 1 capital includes certain noncumulative perpetual preferred stock and related surplus and minority interests in equity accounts of consolidated subsidiaries.  Total capital includes Tier 1 capital (common equity Tier 1 capital plus additional Tier 1 capital) and Tier 2 capital.  Tier 2 capital is comprised of capital instruments and related surplus, meeting specified requirements, and may include cumulative preferred stock and long-term perpetual preferred stock, mandatory convertible securities, intermediate preferred stock and subordinated debt.  Also included in Tier 2 capital is the allowance for loan and lease losses limited to a maximum of 1.25% of risk-weighted assets and, for institutions that have exercised an opt-out election regarding the treatment of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“AOCI”), up to 45% of net unrealized gains on available-for-sale equity securities with readily determinable fair market values.  Institutions that have not exercised the AOCI opt-out have AOCI incorporated into common equity Tier 1 capital (including unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale-securities).   Eureka Homestead exercised its AOCI opt-out election. Calculation of all types of regulatory capital is subject to deductions and adjustments specified in the regulations.

In determining the amount of risk-weighted assets for purposes of calculating risk-based capital ratios, all assets, including certain off-balance sheet assets (e.g., recourse obligations, direct credit substitutes, residual interests) are multiplied by a risk weight factor assigned by the regulations based on the risks believed inherent in the type of asset. Higher levels of capital are required for asset categories believed to present greater risk. For example, a risk weight of 0% is assigned to cash and U.S. government securities, a risk weight of 50% is generally assigned to prudently underwritten first lien one- to four-family residential real estate loans, a risk weight of 100% is assigned to commercial and consumer loans, a risk weight of 150% is assigned to certain past due loans and a risk weight of between 0% to 600% is assigned to permissible equity interests, depending on certain specified factors.

In addition to establishing the minimum regulatory capital requirements, the regulations limit capital distributions and certain discretionary bonus payments to management if the institution does not hold a “capital conservation buffer” consisting of 2.5% of common equity Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets above the amount necessary to meet its minimum risk-based capital requirements. The capital conservation

25


buffer requirement was phased in beginning January 1, 2016 at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets and increased each year until fully implemented at 2.5% of risk-weighted assets on January 1, 2019.

Legislation enacted in May 2018 requires the federal banking agencies, including the Federal Reserve Board, to establish a “community bank leverage ratio” of between 8 to 10% of average total consolidated assets for qualifying institutions with assets of less than $10 billion.  Institutions with capital meeting the specified requirements and electing to follow the alternative framework are deemed to comply with the applicable regulatory capital requirements, including the risk based requirements.  The federal regulators issued a final rule that set the optional “community bank leverage ratio” at 9%. A qualifying institution may opt in and out of the community bank leverage ratio framework on its quarterly call report. An institution that temporarily ceases to meet any qualifying criteria is provided with a two quarter grace period to regain compliance. Failure to meet the qualifying criteria within the grace period or maintain a leverage ratio of 8% or greater requires the institution to comply with the generally applicable regulatory capital requirements.

The CARES Act lowered the community bank leverage ratio to 8%, with federal regulation making the reduced ratio effective April 23, 2020. Another regulation was issued to transition back to the 9% community bank leverage ratio by increasing the ratio to 8.5% for calendar year 2021 and to 9% thereafter.

At December 31, 2020, Eureka Homestead’s capital exceeded all applicable requirements.

Loans-to-One Borrower. Generally, a federal savings association may not make a loan or extend credit to a single or related group of borrowers in excess of 15% of unimpaired capital and surplus. An additional amount may be loaned, equal to 10% of unimpaired capital and surplus, if the loan is secured by readily marketable collateral, which generally does not include real estate. As of December 31, 2020, Eureka Homestead was in compliance with the loans-to-one borrower limitations.

Qualified Thrift Lender Test. As a federal savings association, Eureka Homestead must satisfy the qualified thrift lender, or “QTL,” test. Under the QTL test, Eureka Homestead must maintain at least 65% of its “portfolio assets” in “qualified thrift investments” (primarily residential mortgages and related investments, including mortgage-backed securities) in at least nine months of the most recent 12-month period. “Portfolio assets” generally means total assets of a savings association, less the sum of specified liquid assets up to 20% of total assets, goodwill and other intangible assets, and the value of property used in the conduct of the savings association’s business.

Eureka Homestead also may satisfy the QTL test by qualifying as a “domestic building and loan association” as defined in the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. This test generally requires a savings association to have at least 75% of its deposits held by the public and earn at least 25% of its income from loans and U.S. government obligations. Alternatively, a savings association can satisfy this test by maintaining at least 60% of its assets in cash, real estate loans and U.S. Government or state obligations.

A savings association that fails the qualified thrift lender test must operate under specified restrictions set forth in the Home Owners’ Loan Act. The Dodd-Frank Act made noncompliance with the QTL test subject to agency enforcement action for a violation of law. At December 31, 2020, Eureka Homestead was in compliance with the qualified thrift lender test, and at this date its percentage of qualified thrift investments to total assets was approximately 95.02%.

Capital Distributions. Federal regulations govern capital distributions by a federal savings association, which include cash dividends, stock repurchases and other transactions charged to the savings

26


association’s capital account. A federal savings association must file an application with the OCC for approval of a capital distribution if:

the total capital distributions for the applicable calendar year exceed the sum of the savings association’s net income for that year to date plus the savings association’s retained net income for the preceding two years;
the savings association would not be at least adequately capitalized following the distribution;
the distribution would violate any applicable statute, regulation, agreement or regulatory condition; or
the savings association is not eligible for expedited treatment of its filings, generally due to an unsatisfactory CAMELS rating or being subject to a cease and desist order or formal written agreement that requires action to improve the institution’s financial condition.

Even if an application is not otherwise required, every savings association that is a subsidiary of a savings and loan holding company, such as Eureka Homestead, must still file a notice with the Federal Reserve Board at least 30 days before the board of directors declares a dividend or approves a capital distribution.

A notice or application related to a capital distribution may be disapproved if:

the federal savings association would be undercapitalized following the distribution;
the proposed capital distribution raises safety and soundness concerns; or
the capital distribution would violate a prohibition contained in any statute, regulation or agreement.

In addition, the Federal Deposit Insurance Act provides that an insured depository institution may not make any capital distribution if, after making such distribution, the institution would fail to meet any applicable regulatory capital requirement. A federal savings association also may not make a capital distribution that would reduce its regulatory capital below the amount required for the liquidation account established in connection with its conversion to stock form.

Community Reinvestment Act and Fair Lending Laws. All federal savings associations have a responsibility under the Community Reinvestment Act and related regulations to help meet the credit needs of their communities, including low- and moderate-income borrowers. In connection with its examination of a federal savings association, the OCC is required to assess the federal savings association’s record of compliance with the Community Reinvestment Act. A savings association’s failure to comply with the provisions of the Community Reinvestment Act could, at a minimum, result in denial of certain corporate applications such as branches or mergers, or in restrictions on its activities. In addition, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Housing Act prohibit lenders from discriminating in their lending practices on the basis of characteristics specified in those statutes. The failure to comply with the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Housing Act could result in enforcement actions by the OCC, as well as other federal regulatory agencies and the Department of Justice.

In June 2020, the OCC issued a final rule clarifying and expanding the activities that qualify for Community Reinvestment Act credit and, according to the agency, seeking to create a more consistent and objective method for evaluating Community Reinvestment Act performance. The final rule was effective October 1, 2020, but compliance with certain of the revised requirements is not mandatory until January 1, 2024 for institutions of Eureka Homestead’s asset size.

27


The Community Reinvestment Act requires all institutions insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to publicly disclose their rating. Eureka Homestead received a “satisfactory” Community Reinvestment Act rating in its most recent federal examination.

Transactions with Related Parties. A federal savings association’s authority to engage in transactions with its affiliates is limited by Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and federal regulation. An affiliate is generally a company that controls, or is under common control with, an insured depository institution such as Eureka Homestead. Eureka Homestead Bancorp will be an affiliate of Eureka Homestead because of its control of Eureka Homestead. In general, transactions between an insured depository institution and its affiliates are subject to certain quantitative limits and collateral requirements. In addition, federal regulations prohibit a savings association from lending to any of its affiliates that are engaged in activities that are not permissible for bank holding companies and from purchasing the securities of any affiliate, other than a subsidiary. Finally, transactions with affiliates must be consistent with safe and sound banking practices, not involve the purchase of low-quality assets and be on terms that are as favorable to the institution as comparable transactions with non-affiliates.

Eureka Homestead’s authority to extend credit to its directors, executive officers and 10% shareholders, as well as to entities controlled by such persons, is currently governed by the requirements of Sections 22(g) and 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation O of the Federal Reserve Board. Among other things, these provisions generally require that extensions of credit to insiders:

be made on terms that are substantially the same as, and follow credit underwriting procedures that are not less stringent than, those prevailing for comparable transactions with unaffiliated persons and that do not involve more than the normal risk of repayment or present other unfavorable features; and
not exceed certain limitations on the amount of credit extended to such persons, individually and in the aggregate, which limits are based, in part, on the amount of Eureka Homestead’s capital.

In addition, extensions of credit in excess of certain limits must be approved by Eureka Homestead’s board of directors. Extensions of credit to executive officers are subject to additional limits based on the type of extension involved.

Enforcement. The OCC has primary enforcement responsibility over federal savings associations and has authority to bring enforcement action against all “institution-affiliated parties,” including directors, officers, shareholders, attorneys, appraisers and accountants who knowingly or recklessly participate in wrongful action likely to have an adverse effect on a federal savings association. Formal enforcement action by the OCC may range from the issuance of a capital directive or cease and desist order to removal of officers and/or directors of the institution and the appointment of a receiver or conservator. Civil penalties cover a wide range of violations and actions, and range up to $25,000 per day, unless a finding of reckless disregard is made, in which case penalties may be as high as $1 million per day. The FDIC also has the authority to terminate deposit insurance or recommend to the OCC that enforcement action be taken with respect to a particular savings association. If such action is not taken, the FDIC has authority to take the action under specified circumstances.

Standards for Safety and Soundness. Federal law requires each federal banking agency to prescribe certain standards for all insured depository institutions. These standards relate to, among other things, internal controls, information systems and audit systems, loan documentation, credit underwriting, interest rate risk exposure, asset growth, compensation and other operational and managerial standards as the agency deems

28


appropriate. Interagency guidelines set forth the safety and soundness standards that the federal banking agencies use to identify and address problems at insured depository institutions before capital becomes impaired. If the appropriate federal banking agency determines that an institution fails to meet any standard prescribed by the guidelines, the agency may require the institution to submit to the agency an acceptable plan to achieve compliance with the standard. If an institution fails to meet these standards, the appropriate federal banking agency may require the institution to implement an acceptable compliance plan. Failure to implement such a plan can result in further enforcement action, including the issuance of a cease and desist order or the imposition of civil money penalties.

Interstate Banking and Branching. Federal law permits well capitalized and well managed holding companies to acquire banks in any state, subject to Federal Reserve Board approval, certain concentration limits and other specified conditions. Interstate mergers of banks are also authorized, subject to regulatory approval and other specified conditions. In addition, among other things, recent amendments made by the Dodd-Frank Act permit banks to establish de novo branches on an interstate basis provided that branching is authorized by the law of the host state for the banks chartered by that state.

Prompt Corrective Action. Federal law requires, among other things, that federal bank regulators take “prompt corrective action” with respect to institutions that do not meet minimum capital requirements. For this purpose, the law establishes five capital categories: well capitalized, adequately capitalized, undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized. Under the regulations, as amended effective January 1, 2015 to incorporate the previously mentioned amendments to the regulatory capital requirements, an institution is deemed to be “well capitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of 10.0% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 8.0% or greater, a leverage ratio of 5.0% or greater and a common equity Tier 1 ratio of 6.5% or greater. An institution is “adequately capitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of 8.0% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6.0% or greater, a leverage ratio of 4.0% or greater and a common equity Tier 1 ratio of 4.5% or greater. An institution is “undercapitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of less than 8.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of less than 6.0%, a leverage ratio of less than 4.0% or a common equity Tier 1 ratio of less than 4.5%. An institution is deemed to be “significantly undercapitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of less than 6.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of less than 4.0%, a leverage ratio of less than 3.0% or a common equity Tier 1 ratio of less than 3.0%. An institution is considered to be “critically undercapitalized” if it has a ratio of tangible equity (as defined in the regulations) to total assets that is equal to or less than 2.0%.

Federal law and regulations also specify circumstances under which a federal banking agency may reclassify a well-capitalized institution as adequately capitalized and may require an institution classified as less than well capitalized to comply with supervisory actions as if it were in the next lower category.

The OCC may order savings associations that have insufficient capital to take corrective actions. For example, a savings association that is categorized as “undercapitalized” is subject to growth limitations and is required to submit a capital restoration plan, and a holding company that controls such a savings association is required to guarantee that the savings association complies with the restoration plan. A “significantly undercapitalized” savings association may be subject to additional restrictions. Savings associations deemed by the OCC to be “critically undercapitalized” would be subject to the appointment of a receiver or conservator.

At December 31, 2020 Eureka Homestead met the criteria for being considered “well capitalized.”

Insurance of Deposit Accounts. Eureka Homestead is a member of the Deposit Insurance Fund, which is administered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). Eureka Homestead’s deposit accounts are insured by the FDIC, generally up to a maximum of $250,000 per depositor.

29


Under the FDIC’s risk-based assessment system, institutions deemed less risky of failure pay lower assessments. Assessments for institutions of less than $10 billion of assets are based on financial measures and supervisory ratings derived from statistical modeling estimating the probability of an institution’s failure within three years.

The FDIC has the authority to increase insurance assessments. A significant increase in insurance premiums would have an adverse effect on the operating expenses and results of operations of Eureka Homestead. We cannot predict what deposit insurance assessment rates will be in the future.

Insurance of deposits may be terminated by the FDIC upon a finding that an institution has engaged in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, order or condition imposed by the FDIC. We do not know of any practice, condition or violation that might lead to termination of deposit insurance at Eureka Homestead.

Privacy Regulations. Federal regulations generally require that Eureka Homestead disclose its privacy policy, including identifying with whom it shares a customer’s “non-public personal information,” to customers at the time of establishing the customer relationship and annually thereafter. In addition, Eureka Homestead is required to provide its customers with the ability to “opt-out” of having their personal information shared with unaffiliated third parties and not to disclose account numbers or access codes to non-affiliated third parties for marketing purposes. Eureka Homestead currently has a privacy protection policy in place and believes that such policy is in compliance with the regulations.

USA Patriot Act. Eureka Homestead is subject to the USA PATRIOT Act, which gives federal agencies additional powers to address terrorist threats through enhanced domestic security measures, expanded surveillance powers, increased information sharing, and broadened anti-money laundering requirements. The USA PATRIOT Act contains provisions intended to encourage information sharing among bank regulatory agencies and law enforcement bodies and imposes affirmative obligations on financial institutions, such as enhanced recordkeeping and customer identification requirements.

Prohibitions Against Tying Arrangements. Federal savings associations are prohibited, subject to some exceptions, from extending credit to or offering any other service, or fixing or varying the consideration for such extension of credit or service, on the condition that the customer obtain some additional service from the institution or its affiliates or not obtain services of a competitor of the institution.

Other Regulations

Interest and other charges collected or contracted for by Eureka Homestead are subject to state usury laws and federal laws concerning interest rates. Loan operations are also subject to state and federal laws applicable to credit transactions, such as the:

Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, requiring financial institutions to provide information to enable the public and public officials to determine whether a financial institution is fulfilling its obligation to help meet the housing needs of the community it serves;
Equal Credit Opportunity Act, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, creed or other prohibited factors in extending credit;
Fair Credit Reporting Act, governing the use and provision of information to credit reporting agencies; and

30


Rules and regulations of the various federal and state agencies charged with the responsibility of implementing such federal and state laws.

The deposit operations of Eureka Homestead also are subject to, among others, the:

Right to Financial Privacy Act, which imposes a duty to maintain confidentiality of consumer financial records and prescribes procedures for complying with administrative subpoenas of financial records;
Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act (also known as “Check 21”), which gives “substitute checks,” such as digital check images and copies made from that image, the same legal standing as the original paper check; and
Electronic Funds Transfer Act and Regulation E promulgated thereunder, which govern automatic deposits to and withdrawals from deposit accounts and customers’ rights and liabilities arising from the use of automated teller machines and other electronic banking services.

Federal Home Loan Bank System

Eureka Homestead is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank System, which consists of 11 regional Federal Home Loan Banks. The Federal Home Loan Bank provides a central credit facility primarily for member institutions. Members of the Federal Home Loan Bank are required to acquire and hold shares of capital stock in the Federal Home Loan Bank. Eureka Homestead was in compliance with this requirement at December 31, 2020. Based on redemption provisions of the FHLB, the stock has no quoted market value and is carried at cost. Eureka Homestead reviews for impairment, based on the ultimate recoverability, the cost basis of the FHLB. As of December 31, 2020, no impairment has been recognized.

Holding Company Regulation

Eureka Homestead Bancorp is a unitary savings and loan holding company subject to regulation and supervision by the Federal Reserve Board. The Federal Reserve Board has enforcement authority over Eureka Homestead Bancorp and its non-savings institution subsidiaries. Among other things, this authority permits the Federal Reserve Board to restrict or prohibit activities that are determined to be a risk to Eureka Homestead.

As a savings and loan holding company, Eureka Homestead Bancorp’s activities are limited to those activities permissible by law for financial holding companies (if Eureka Homestead Bancorp makes an election to be treated as a financial holding company and meets the other requirements to be a financial holding company) or multiple savings and loan holding companies. A financial holding company may engage in activities that are financial in nature, incidental to financial activities or complementary to a financial activity. Such activities include lending and other activities permitted for bank holding companies under Section 4(c)(8) of the Bank Holding Company Act, insurance and underwriting equity securities. Multiple savings and loan holding companies are authorized to engage in activities specified by federal regulation, including activities permitted for bank holding companies under Section 4(c)(8) of the Bank Holding Company Act.

Federal law prohibits a savings and loan holding company, directly or indirectly, or through one or more subsidiaries, from acquiring more than 5% of another savings institution or savings and loan holding company without prior written approval of the Federal Reserve Board, and from acquiring or retaining control

31


of any depository institution not insured by the FDIC. In evaluating applications by holding companies to acquire savings institutions, the Federal Reserve Board must consider such things as the financial and managerial resources and future prospects of the company and institution involved, the effect of the acquisition on and the risk to the federal deposit insurance fund, the convenience and needs of the community and competitive factors. A savings and loan holding company may not acquire a savings institution in another state and hold the target institution as a separate subsidiary unless it is a supervisory acquisition under Section 13(k) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or the law of the state in which the target is located authorizes such acquisitions by out-of-state companies.

Savings and loan holding companies of under $3 billion in consolidated assets remain exempt from consolidated regulatory capital requirements, unless the Federal Reserve determines otherwise in particular cases.

The Federal Reserve Board has promulgated regulations implementing the “source of strength” policy that require holding companies to act as a source of strength to their subsidiary depository institutions by providing capital, liquidity and other support in times of financial stress.

The Federal Reserve Board has issued supervisory policies regarding the payment of dividends and the repurchase of shares of common stock by bank holding companies and savings and loan holding companies. In general, the policy provides that dividends should be paid only out of current earnings and only if the prospective rate of earnings retention by the holding company appears consistent with the organization’s capital needs, asset quality and overall financial condition. Federal Reserve Board guidance provides for prior regulatory consultation with respect to capital distributions in certain circumstances such as where the company’s net income for the past four quarters, net of dividends previously paid over that period, is insufficient to fully fund the dividend or the company’s overall rate of earnings retention is inconsistent with the company’s capital needs and overall financial condition. The ability of a holding company to pay dividends may be restricted if a subsidiary bank becomes undercapitalized. Federal Reserve Board guidance also states that a holding company should inform the Federal Reserve Board supervisory staff prior to redeeming or repurchasing common stock or perpetual preferred stock if the holding company is experiencing financial weaknesses or if the repurchase or redemption would result in a net reduction, as of the end of a quarter, in the amount of such equity instruments outstanding compared with the beginning of the quarter in which the redemption or repurchase occurred. These regulatory policies may affect the ability of Eureka Homestead Bancorp to pay dividends, repurchase shares of common stock or otherwise engage in capital distributions.

Federal Securities Laws

Eureka Homestead Bancorp common stock is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission and Eureka Homestead Bancorp is subject to the information, proxy solicitation, insider trading restrictions and other requirements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

The registration under the Securities Act of 1933 of shares of common stock issued in Eureka Homestead Bancorp’s public offering does not cover the resale of those shares. Shares of common stock purchased by persons who are not affiliates of Eureka Homestead Bancorp may be resold without registration. Shares purchased by an affiliate of Eureka Homestead Bancorp will be subject to the resale restrictions of Rule 144 under the Securities Act of 1933. If Eureka Homestead Bancorp meets the current public information requirements of Rule 144 under the Securities Act of 1933, each affiliate of Eureka Homestead Bancorp that complies with the other conditions of Rule 144, including those that require the affiliate’s sale to be aggregated with those of other persons, would be able to sell in the public market, without registration, a number of shares not to exceed, in any three-month period, the greater of 1% of the outstanding shares of

32


Eureka Homestead Bancorp, or the average weekly volume of trading in the shares during the preceding four calendar weeks. In the future, Eureka Homestead Bancorp may permit affiliates to have their shares registered for sale under the Securities Act of 1933.

Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 is intended to improve corporate responsibility, to provide for enhanced penalties for accounting and auditing improprieties at publicly traded companies and to protect investors by improving the accuracy and reliability of corporate disclosures pursuant to the securities laws. We have policies, procedures and systems designed to comply with these regulations, and we review and document such policies, procedures and systems to ensure continued compliance with these regulations.

Change in Control Regulations

Under the Change in Bank Control Act, no person may acquire control of a savings and loan holding company such as Eureka Homestead Bancorp unless the Federal Reserve Board has been given 60 days prior written notice and has not issued a notice disapproving the proposed acquisition, taking into consideration certain factors, including the financial and managerial resources of the acquirer and the competitive effects of the acquisition. Control, as defined under federal law, means ownership, control of or holding irrevocable proxies representing more than 25% of any class of voting stock, control in any manner of the election of a majority of the institution’s directors, or a determination by the regulator that the acquiror has the power, directly or indirectly, to exercise a controlling influence over the management or policies of the institution. There is a presumption of control upon the acquisition of 10% or more of a class of voting stock under certain circumstances, such as where the holding company involved has its shares registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

The Federal Reserve Board has adopted a final rule, effective September 30, 2020, that revises its framework for determining whether a company has a “controlling influence” over a bank or savings and loan holding company for purposes of the Bank and Savings and Loan Holding Company Acts.

Emerging Growth Company Status

Eureka Homestead Bancorp, Inc. is an emerging growth company under the JOBS Act. We will cease to be an emerging growth company upon the earliest of: (i) the end of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the completion of our initial stock offering, (ii) the first fiscal year after our annual gross revenues are $1.07 billion or more, (iii) the date on which we have, during the previous three-year period, issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt securities or (iv) the end of any fiscal year in which the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeded $700 million as of the end of the second quarter of that fiscal year. We expect to lose our status as an emerging growth company on December 31, 2024, five years after the completion of our stock offering.

An “emerging growth company” may choose not to hold stockholder votes to approve annual executive compensation (more frequently referred to as “say-on-pay” votes) or executive compensation payable in connection with a merger (more frequently referred to as “say-on-golden parachute” votes). An emerging growth company also is not subject to the requirement that its auditors attest to the effectiveness of the company’s internal control over financial reporting, and can provide scaled disclosure regarding executive compensation; however, Eureka Homestead Bancorp, Inc. will also not be subject to the auditor attestation requirement or additional executive compensation disclosure so long as it remains a “smaller reporting company” under Securities and Exchange Commission regulations (generally a company with less than $75 million of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates). Finally, an emerging growth

33


company may elect to use the extended transition period to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies, but must make such election when the company is first required to file a registration statement. Eureka Homestead Bancorp, Inc. has elected to use the extended transition period to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies. Accordingly, our financial statements may not be comparable to the financial statements of public companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

TAXATION

Federal Taxation

General. Eureka Homestead Bancorp and Eureka Homestead are subject to federal income taxation in the same general manner as other corporations, with some exceptions discussed below. The following discussion of federal taxation is intended only to summarize material federal income tax matters and is not a comprehensive description of the tax rules applicable to Eureka Homestead Bancorp and Eureka Homestead.

Method of Accounting. For federal income tax purposes, Eureka Homestead Bancorp currently reports its income and expenses on the accrual method of accounting and uses a tax year ending December 31 for filing its federal income tax returns. The Small Business Protection Act of 1996 eliminated the use of the reserve method of accounting for bad debt reserves by savings institutions, effective for taxable years beginning after 1995.

Alternative Minimum Tax. The alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) for corporations has been repealed for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. Any unused minimum tax credit of a corporation may be used to offset regular tax liability for any tax year. In addition, a portion of unused minimum tax credit is refundable in 2018 through 2021. The refundable portion is 50% (100% in 2021) of the excess of the minimum tax credit for the year over any credit allowable against regular tax for that year. At December 31, 2020, Eureka Homestead Bancorp had $0 minimum tax credit carryforward.

Net Operating Loss Carryovers. Prior to 2020, a corporation could carry forward net operating losses generated in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017 indefinitely and could offset up to 80% of taxable income. To provide financial assistance and liquidity to taxpayers during the COVID-19 pandemic, the CARES Act amended the federal income tax rules with regard to the usage of net operating losses (“NOLs”) for corporate taxpayers. The CARES Act allows for the carryback of losses arising in a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2017, and before January 1, 2021, to be carried back to each of the five taxable years preceding the taxable year of the loss.  The CARES Act also temporarily repeals the 80% limitation for NOLs arising in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017 and beginning before January 1, 2021 and carried to another tax year. These NOLs are now permitted to fully offset the loss corporation’s pre-2021 taxable income. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, Eureka Homestead Bancorp and Subsidiary generated a $206,000 and a $1.3 million federal net operating loss, respectively, which were available to carry back to previous tax years generating a refund of $62,000 recorded in 2020, and the remaining amounts totaling $1.4 million are available for future use. Although these net operating loss carryforwards have no expiration date, we believe that it is more likely than not that the benefit from a portion of the net operating loss carryforwards will not be realized within a reasonable time period.  In recognition of this risk, we have provided a valuation adjustment of $217,000 on the deferred tax asset related to these net operating loss carryforwards.  If or when recognized, the tax benefits related to any reversal of the valuation allowance on the deferred tax asset will be accounted for as a reduction of income tax expense and an increase in equity. Neither Eureka Homestead nor Eureka Homestead Bancorp generated any net operating loss carryforwards for Louisiana.

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Capital Loss Carryovers. Generally, a corporation may carry back capital losses to the preceding three taxable years and forward to the succeeding five taxable years. Any capital loss carryback or carryover is treated as a short-term capital loss for the year to which it is carried. As such, it is grouped with any other capital losses for the year to which carried and is used to offset any capital gains. Any undeducted loss remaining after the five-year carryover period is not deductible. At December 31, 2019, Eureka Homestead Bancorp had a $1.1 million capital loss carryover, which expired December 31, 2020 unused. We believed that it was more likely than not that the benefit from the capital loss carryforward would not be realized.  In recognition of this risk, we provided a valuation adjustment of $227,000 on the deferred tax asset related to this capital loss carryforward at December 31, 2019. At December 31, 2020 Eureka Homestead Bancorp had no capital loss carryovers.

Corporate Dividends. Eureka Homestead Bancorp may generally exclude from our income 100% of dividends received from Eureka Homestead as a member of the same affiliated group of corporations.

Audit of Tax Returns. Neither Eureka Homestead Bancorp’s nor Eureka Homestead’s federal income tax returns have been audited in the most recent five-year period.

State Taxation

Eureka Homestead Bancorp is subject to the Louisiana Corporation Income Tax based on our Louisiana taxable income. The Corporation Income Tax applies at graduated rates from 4% upon the first $25,000 of Louisiana taxable income to 8% on all Louisiana taxable income in excess of $200,000. For these purposes, “Louisiana taxable income” means net income which is earned by us within or derived from sources within the State of Louisiana, after adjustments permitted under Louisiana law, including a federal income tax deduction. In addition, Eureka Homestead will be subject to the Louisiana Shares Tax which is imposed on the assessed value of Eureka Homestead’s capital. The formula for deriving the assessed value is to apply the applicable rate to the sum of:

(1)20% of our capitalized earnings, plus
(2)80% of our taxable stockholders’ equity, minus
(3)50% of our real and personal property assessment. 

Various items may also be subtracted in calculating a company’s capitalized earnings.

As a Maryland business corporation, Eureka Homestead Bancorp is required to file an annual report with and pay personal property taxes to the State of Maryland.

Availability of Annual Report on Form 10-K

This Annual Report on Form 10-K is available on our website at www.eurekahomestead.com. Information on the website is not incorporated into, and is not otherwise considered a part of, this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 1A.        Risk Factors

The presentation of Risk Factors is not required for smaller reporting companies like Eureka Homestead Bancorp.

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ITEM 1B.        Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

ITEM 2.           Properties

Properties

At December 31, 2020, the net book value of our properties was $585,000. We own our full-service office located at 1922 Veterans Memorial Boulevard, Metairie, Louisiana, and a facility in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, which serves as a disaster relief/storage facility. We believe that our current facilities are adequate to meet our present and foreseeable needs, other than modest and customary repair and replacement needs.

ITEM 3.            Legal Proceedings

We are not involved in any pending legal proceedings other than routine legal proceedings occurring in the ordinary course of business. At December 31, 2020, we were not involved in any legal proceedings the outcome of which would be material to our financial condition or results of operations.

ITEM 4.            Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

PART II 

ITEM 5.           Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market, Holder and Dividend Information. The Company’s common stock is quoted on the OTC Pink Marketplace under the symbol “ERKH.” The approximate number of holders of record of Eureka Homestead Bancorp common stock as of March 17, 2020 was 35. Certain shares of Eureka Homestead Bancorp are held in “nominee” or “street” name and accordingly, the number of beneficial owners of such shares is not known or included in the foregoing number.

Eureka Homestead Bancorp does not currently pay cash dividends on its common stock. Dividend payments by Eureka Homestead Bancorp are dependent on dividends it receives from Eureka Homestead, because Eureka Homestead Bancorp has no source of income other than dividends from Eureka Homestead, earnings from the investment of proceeds from the sale of shares of common stock retained by Eureka Homestead Bancorp and interest payments with respect to Eureka Homestead Bancorp’s loan to the Employee Stock Ownership Plan. See “Item 1. Business − Supervision and Regulation − Federal Banking Regulation − Capital Distributions.”

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The following table presents quarterly market information for Eureka Homestead Bancorp’s common stock for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. The common stock did not trade until July 10, 2019; and accordingly, no information is presented for prior periods.

    

High

    

Low

2020:

Quarter ended December 31

$

12.94

$

9.44

Quarter ended September 30

 

9.94

 

9.15

Quarter ended June 30

 

10.29

 

8.55

Quarter ended March 31

 

12.24

 

8.50

2019:

Quarter ended December 31

$

12.25

$

12.05

Quarter ended September 30

 

12.50

 

12.10

(b)Report of Offering of Securities and Use of Proceeds Therefrom. Not applicable.
(c)Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans. None.

ITEM 6.            Selected Financial Data

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

ITEM 7.            Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This discussion and analysis reflects our financial statements and other relevant statistical data, and is intended to enhance your understanding of our financial condition and results of operations. The information in this section has been derived from the audited financial statements, which appear beginning on page F-1 of this annual report. You should read the information in this section in conjunction with the business and financial information regarding the Company and the Bank provided in this annual report.

General

During the year ended December 31, 2020, the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) had spread world-wide, led to severe unemployment, and is impacting individuals, households and businesses in a multitude of ways. We have been deemed an essential service and exempted from the shutdowns across the country. We continue to operate while keeping the safety and well-being of our employees, customers and the communities we serve as our top priority. We continue to meet customers’ needs and have tried to minimize any inconvenience to our customers. Our offices remain open, with drive-thru facilities fully operational, while lobby access is by appointment only.

Across our workforce, approximately 30% transitioned to working remotely starting in March 2020, relying on our technology infrastructure and systems that we have designed for resilience and security. All employees returned to working in their respective offices by mid-June 2020. We have been able to continue serving customers and communities, successfully managing critical functions and keeping our lines of business operating while supporting our employees. We have maintained social distancing measures for our employees working in our offices, have restricted lobby access, conducted sterilization cleanings of certain of our locations on an as needed basis, and provided appropriate facemasks and other sanitizing supplies to

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protect employees, customers and our communities. We continue to monitor new information from governmental authorities and provide timely communications to our employees.

The Federal and state governments have been diligently working to contain COVID-19’s spread. The result of these containment strategies has had an enormous impact on the economy and will have a negative impact on borrowers’ ability to make timely loan payments as many businesses are forced to temporarily shut down or reduce capacity. The Federal Reserve Board along with the other various regulatory agencies have issued joint guidance to financial institutions who are working with borrowers affected by the coronavirus. The Company is working with borrowers, and instituted a loan deferment program whereby short-term deferrals of payments were provided. The deferred payments will be collected at the original maturity date or at the time the loan is ultimately paid off. As of December 31, 2020, all of the loans modified by us have resumed normal monthly payments. We will not report these loans as delinquent and we continued to recognize interest income during the deferral period. We increased the qualitative factors in our calculation of the allowance for loan losses for loans to borrowers that took advantage of the deferment program until normal monthly payments resumed. No increase in the allowance was deemed necessary due to the increase in the qualitative factors. These loans will be closely monitored to determine collectability and accrual and delinquency status will be updated as deemed appropriate.

Under Section 4013 of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security ("CARES") Act, loans less than 30 days past due as of December 31, 2019 will be considered current for COVID-19 modifications. A financial institution can then suspend the requirements under GAAP for loan modifications related to COVID-19 that would otherwise be categorized as a troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”), and suspend any determination of a loan modified as a result of COVID-19 as being a TDR, including the requirement to determine impairment for accounting purposes. Financial institutions wishing to utilize this authority were required to make a policy election, which applies to any COVID-19 modification made between March 1, 2020 and the earlier of either December 31, 2020 or the 60th day after the end of the COVID-19 national emergency. Similarly, the Financial Accounting Standards Board has confirmed that short-term modifications made on a good-faith basis in response to COVID-19 to loan customers who were current prior to any relief are not TDRs. Lastly, prior to the enactment of the CARES Act, the banking regulatory agencies provided guidance as to how certain short-term modifications would not be considered TDRs, and have subsequently confirmed that such guidance could be applicable for loans that do not qualify for favorable accounting treatment under Section 4013 of the CARES Act. Based on this guidance, the Company does not believe that TDRs will significantly change as a result of the modifications granted. The full impact on our lending and other business activities as a result of new government and regulatory policies, programs and guidelines, as well as regulators’ reaction to such activities, remains uncertain.

Overview

Our business consists primarily of taking deposits and securing borrowings and investing those funds, together with funds generated from operations, in one- to four-family residential real estate loans, including non-owner-occupied properties, construction loans for owner-occupied, one- to four-family residential real estate and home equity loans. To a lesser extent, we also originate multifamily, commercial real estate and consumer loans. At December 31, 2020, $66.1 million, or 95.0% of our total loan portfolio, was comprised of one- to four-family residential real estate loans, $13.6 million of which were non-owner-occupied loans, $1.2 million of which were construction loans and $586,000 of which were home equity loans.

The significant majority of loans we originate are conforming one- to four-family residential real estate loans, and in the low interest rate environment in recent years, almost all of these loans have been long-term, fixed rate loans. In order to address our interest rate risk, in recent years we have sold a significant

38


portion of these conforming, fixed-rate, long-term loans on an industry-standard, servicing-released basis, as well as increasing the percentage of adjustable rate residential loans in portfolio.

We offer a variety of deposit accounts, including savings accounts (passbook and money market) and certificates of deposit. We utilize advances from the FHLB for funding and asset/liability management purposes. At December 31, 2020, we had $19.4 million in advances outstanding with the FHLB.

We do not offer checking accounts which may impact our ability to attract and grow core deposits. We have always been dependent, in part, on retail certificates of deposit as a funding source for our loans, and in recent years we have accepted jumbo certificates of deposit through an online service, as well as municipal certificates of deposit. We have used these non-retail funding sources, as well as advances from the FHLB, to fund our loan growth. Pursuant to our business strategy, we are seeking to increase our core deposits, which we consider our savings and money market accounts and our retail certificates of deposit, by more aggressively marketing and pricing our deposit products.

For the year ended December 31, 2020 we had a net loss of $103,000 compared to a net loss of $61,000 for 2019. The increase in the net loss resulted primarily from a decrease in net interest income of $466,000, and an increase in noninterest expense of $119,000, offset, in part, by an increase of $234,000 in noninterest income and a decrease in income tax expense of $316,000.

Eureka Homestead is subject to comprehensive regulation and examination by its primary federal regulator, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”).

Our executive and administrative office is located at 1922 Veterans Memorial Boulevard, Metairie, Louisiana 70005, and our telephone number at this address is (504) 834-0242. Our website address is www.eurekahomestead.com. Information on our website is not incorporated into this annual report and should not be considered part of this annual report.

Business Strategy

Our principal objective is to build long-term value for our stockholders by operating a profitable community-oriented financial institution dedicated to meeting the banking needs of our customers by emphasizing personalized and efficient customer service. Highlights of our current business strategy include:

Continuing to focus on one- to four-family residential real estate lending, including our practice of originating for retention in our portfolio, non-owner-occupied real estate loans. We have been, and will continue to be, primarily a one- to four-family residential real estate lender for borrowers in our market area. As of December 31, 2020, $66.1 million, or 95.0% of our total loan portfolio, consisted of one- to four-family residential real estate loans, including $13.6 million, or 19.5% of our total loan portfolio, of non-owner-occupied real estate loans. We expect that one- to four-family residential real estate lending will remain our primary lending activity.
Maintaining our strong asset quality through conservative loan underwriting. We intend to maintain strict, quality-oriented loan underwriting and credit monitoring processes. At December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had no nonperforming assets, or 0.0% of total assets.

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Attracting and retaining customers in our market area and increasing our “core” deposits consisting of savings accounts and retail certificates of deposit. We intend to increase the emphasis of our savings and money market accounts and retail certificates of deposits by more aggressively marketing and pricing these products, thereby decreasing our dependence on non-retail certificates of deposit.
Remaining a community-oriented institution and relying on high quality service to maintain and build a loyal local customer base. We were established in 1884 and have been operating continuously in the New Orleans metropolitan area since that time. Through the goodwill we have developed over years of providing timely, efficient banking services, we believe that we have been able to attract a solid base of local retail customers on which we hope to continue to build our banking business.

Critical Accounting Policies

The discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations are based on our financial statements, which are prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles used in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions affecting the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported amounts of income and expenses. We consider the accounting policies discussed below to be critical accounting policies. The estimates and assumptions that we use are based on historical experience and various other factors and are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions, resulting in a change that could have a material impact on the carrying value of our assets and liabilities and our results of operations.

The JOBS Act contains provisions that, among other things, reduce certain reporting requirements for qualifying public companies. As an “emerging growth company” we may delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies. We intend to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period. Accordingly, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

The following represent our critical accounting policies:

Allowance for Loan Losses. The allowance for loan losses is the estimated amount considered necessary to cover inherent, but unconfirmed, credit losses in the loan portfolio at the balance sheet date. The allowance is established through the provision for loan losses which is charged against income. In determining the allowance for loan losses, management makes significant estimates and has identified this policy as one of our most critical accounting policies.

Management performs a quarterly evaluation of the allowance for loan losses. Consideration is given to a variety of factors in establishing this estimate including, but not limited to, current economic conditions, delinquency statistics, geographic and industry concentrations, the adequacy of the underlying collateral, the financial strength of the borrower, results of internal loan reviews and other relevant factors. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires material estimates that may be susceptible to significant change.

The analysis has two components, specific and general allowances. The specific allowance is for unconfirmed losses related to loans that are determined to be impaired. Impairment is measured by determining the present value of expected future cash flows or, for collateral-dependent loans, the fair value

40


of the collateral, adjusted for market conditions and selling expenses. If the fair value of the loan is less than the loan’s carrying value, a charge is recorded for the difference. The general allowance, which is for loans reviewed collectively, is determined by segregating the remaining loans by type of loan, risk weighting (if applicable) and payment history. We also analyze historical loss experience, delinquency trends, general economic conditions and geographic and industry concentrations. This analysis establishes historical loss percentages and qualitative factors that are applied to the loan groups to determine the amount of the allowance for loan losses necessary for loans that are reviewed collectively. The qualitative component is critical in determining the allowance for loan losses as certain trends may indicate the need for changes to the allowance for loan losses based on factors beyond the historical loss history. Not incorporating a qualitative component could misstate the allowance for loan losses. Actual loan losses may be significantly more than the allowances we have established which could result in a material negative effect on our financial results.

Fair Value Measurements. The fair value of a financial instrument is defined as the amount at which the instrument could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in a forced or liquidation sale. We estimate the fair value of a financial instrument and any related asset impairment using a variety of valuation methods. Where financial instruments are actively traded and have quoted market prices, quoted market prices are used for fair value. When the financial instruments are not actively traded, other observable market inputs, such as quoted prices of securities with similar characteristics, may be used, if available, to determine fair value. When observable market prices do not exist, we estimate fair value. These estimates are subjective in nature and imprecision in estimating these factors can impact the amount of gain or loss recorded. A more detailed description of the fair values measured at each level of the fair value hierarchy and the methodology utilized by the Bank can be found in Note 18 of the Financial Statements, “Fair Values of Financial Instruments.”

Comparison of Financial Condition at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 

Total Assets. Total assets decreased $6.1 million, or 5.8%, to $99.9 million at December 31, 2020 from $106.0 million at December 31, 2019. The decrease resulted primarily from decreases in cash and cash equivalents of $7.9 million and net loans of $8.9 million, offset in part by increases in interest-bearing deposits in banks of $7.7 million, investment securities available-for-sale of $730,000 and loans held-for-sale of $2.0 million. 

Cash and Cash Equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents decreased $7.9 million, or 66.7%, to $4.0 million at December 31, 2020 from $11.9 million at December 31, 2019. The decrease was principally due to converting low-yielding cash and cash equivalents into higher-yielding certificates of deposit in banks.

Net Loans.  Net loans decreased $8.9 million, or 11.3%, to $69.9 million at December 31, 2020 from $78.8 million at December 31, 2019. During the year ended December 31, 2020, one- to four-family residential real estate loans decreased $7.4 million, or 10.1%, to $66.1 million from $73.6 million at December 31, 2019, multifamily loans decreased $690,000, or 19.3%, to $2.9 million from $3.6 million at December 31, 2019, commercial real estate loans decreased $753,000, or 67.4%, to $364,000 from $1.1 million at December 31, 2019 and consumer loans increased $5,000, or 2.4%, to $214,000 from $209,000 at December 31, 2019. Decreases in our loan balances reflected our strategy to manage interest rate risk in 2020 by selling most of our conforming one- to four-family residential real estate loan originations which bore lower interest rates.

The reduction in net loans was due primarily to the large amount of refinance activity in the residential loan portfolio.  This activity was stimulated by historically low interest rates available on 30-year fixed- rate home loans.  The prevailing rates were such that, at the time, we chose to sell most the refinanced loans rather than keep them in portfolio. The decrease in multifamily loans was principally due to a principal

41


paydown of $300,000 on one loan and a payoff of one loan of $281,000. The decrease in commercial real estate loans was principally due to the payoffs of two loans totaling $704,000.

Securities Available-for Sale.  Investment securities available-for-sale, consisting of government-sponsored mortgage-backed securities and SBA 7a Pools backed by real estate and equipment loans, increased $730,000, or 13.7%, to $6.1 million at December 31, 2020 from $5.3 million at December 31, 2019 as a result of securities purchases of $1.9 million exceeding proceeds from sales and principal repayments of $1.2 million during the year. 

Bank-Owned Life Insurance. At December 31, 2020, our investment in bank owned life insurance was $4.1 million, an increase of $93,000, or 2.3%, from $4.0 million at December 31, 2019. We invest in bank-owned life insurance to provide us with a funding offset for our benefit plan obligations. Bank-owned life insurance also generally provides us noninterest income that is non-taxable. Federal regulations generally limit our investment in bank-owned life insurance to 25% of our Tier 1 capital plus our allowance for loan losses. Our investment in bank-owned life insurance at December 31, 2020 was 20.7% of our Tier 1 capital plus our allowance for loan losses.

Deposits.  Deposits decreased $1.6 million, or 2.8%, to $56.4 million at December 31, 2020 from $58.0 million at December 31, 2019. Savings accounts and money market accounts increased $54,000, or 1.9%, to $2.9 million at December 31, 2020 from $2.8 million at December 31, 2019. Certificates of deposit decreased $1.7 million, or 3.0%, to $53.6 million at December 31, 2020 from $55.2 million at December 31, 2019. The decrease in certificates of deposit resulted from the decision not to renew some maturing retail certificates of deposit at higher local market interest rates. We also utilize non-retail funding sources, such as deposits derived from an online service and from municipalities, to fund our loan origination and growth. Deposits from municipalities decreased significantly during 2020 due to the lower interest rate environment, while we were able to increase deposits from the online service at relatively low interest rates.

Borrowings. Borrowings, consisting entirely of Federal Home Loan Bank advances, decreased $2.1 million or 9.9% to $19.4 million at December 31, 2020 from $21.6 million at December 31 2019 due to maturities not renewed as liquidity was still available from the proceeds of the stock conversion.

Total Equity.  Total equity decreased $2.3 million, or 9.7%, to $21.9 million at December 31, 2020 from $24.3 million at December 31, 2019. The decrease resulted primarily from the repurchase of 219,000 shares of the Company’s common stock during the year and the net loss of $103,000 in 2020.

Comparison of Operating Results for the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

General.  We had a net loss of ($103,000) for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to a net loss of ($61,000) for the year ended December 31, 2019, an increase of $42,000. The increase in the net loss resulted from a decreases in net interest income of $466,000 and benefit for loan losses of $7,000 and an increase in noninterest expense of $119,000, offset, in part, by increases of $234,000 in noninterest income and income tax benefit of $316,000.

Interest Income.  Interest income decreased $813,000, or 21.4%, to $3.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $3.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. This decrease was primarily attributable to a $657,000 decrease in interest on loans receivable and a $156,000 decrease in interest on other interest-earning assets. The average balance of loans decreased $7.9 million, or 9.7%, to $73.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $80.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, and the average yield on loans decreased 44 basis points to 3.87% during 2020 from 4.31% during 2019. The average balance of investment securities decreased $1.3 million, or 19.8%, to $5.2 million for the year ended

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December 31, 2020 from $6.5 million for the year ended December 21, 2019, while the average yield on investment securities decreased 90 basis points to 1.50% for 2020 from 2.40% for 2019. The average balance of other interest-earning assets increased $9.5 million, or 111.3%, to $18.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $8.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, and the average yield on other interest-earning assets decreased 143 basis points to 0.45% for 2020 from 1.88% for 2019.

Interest Expense. Total interest expense decreased $347,000, or 17.9%, to $1.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $1.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease of $250,000, or 19.8%, in interest expense on deposits and a decrease of $97,000, or 14.2%, in interest expense on FHLB advances. The average balance of interest-bearing deposits decreased $3.5 million, or 5.9%, to $55.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $59.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, and the average cost of interest-bearing deposits decreased 31 basis points to 1.81% for 2020 from 2.12% for 2019. The average balance of FHLB advances decreased $1.5 million, or 6.2%, to $22.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $23.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The average cost of these advances decreased 25 basis points to 2.62% for 2020 from 2.87% for 2019. 

Net Interest Income.  Net interest income decreased $466,000, or 25.1%, to $1.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $1.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. Average net interest-earning assets increased $5.3 million year to year. This increase was due primarily to an increase in the average balance of other interest-bearing assets year to year. Our interest rate spread decreased 56 basis points to 1.06% for the year ended December 31, 2020 from 1.62% for the year ended December 31, 2019, and our net interest margin decreased 49 basis points to 1.45% for the year ended December 31, 2020 from 1.94% for the year ended December 31, 2019. The decreases in interest rate spread and net interest margin were primarily the result of a decreasing interest rate environment during 2020 causing a mortgage loan refinance boom resulting in our interest-earning assets repricing at a faster rate than the costs on our interest-bearing liabilities.

Provision for Loan Losses.  We recorded credits in the provision for loan losses of $2,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 and $9,000 for the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease in the credit in the provision for loan losses in 2020 compared to 2019 resulted from our analysis of the factors described in “Critical Accounting Policies – Allowance for Loan Losses.” The allowance for loan losses was $850,000, or 1.22% of total loans, at December 31, 2020, compared to $850,000, or 1.08% of total loans, at December 31, 2019. Classified (substandard, doubtful and loss) loans decreased to $559,000 at December 31, 2020 from $567,000 at December 31, 2019. There were no non-performing loans at December 31, 2020 or December 31, 2019. Net recoveries were $2,000 in 2020 compared to $9,000 in 2019, a decrease of $7,000.

Noninterest IncomeNoninterest income increased $234,000, or 31.6%, to $975,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $741,000 for the year ended December 31, 2019. The increase was primarily due to an increase in fees on loans sold of $258,000. This increase was partially offset by a decreases in service charges and other income of $16,000, gains on sales of securities of $6,000 and income from life insurance of $2,000.

Noninterest Expense.  Noninterest expense increased $119,000, or 4.9%, to $2.5 million for 2020 from $2.4 million for 2019. The increase was due primarily to an increase of $50,000, or 3.3%, in salaries and employee benefits, primarily from increased commissions paid on higher loan volume in 2020. The increase in noninterest expense also resulted from increases of $47,000 or 235.0% in legal fees, $39,000, or 24.7%, in accounting and consulting expense, $12,000 or 22.2% in FDIC deposit insurance premiums and $21,000, or 9.5% in other expenses. The increase in accounting and consulting expense and legal fees resulted from

43


increased fees associated with operating as a public company. These increases were offset, in part, by decreases of $47,000, or 18.4%, in occupancy expense and $7,000, or 5.8%, in data processing expense.

We expect noninterest expense to increase because of ongoing costs associated with operating as a public company in 2021, as well as the possible grants of stock options and restricted stock in 2021 pursuant to our Equity Incentive Plan which was approved by our stockholders in 2020. 

Income Tax Expense.  Income tax expense decreased $316,000 to a benefit of $62,000 for 2020 compared to an expense of $254,000 in 2019. The decrease resulted from the net loss before income tax expense in 2020 and the refund of prior year income taxes as allowed by the CARES Act. We have remaining net operating loss (NOL) carryforwards of $1.4 million which have no expiration date. At this time we believe that it is more likely than not that the benefit from a portion of the NOL carryforwards will not be realized within a reasonable time period to offset the amount of tax net operating losses which are the principal cause of our deferred tax asset.

Average balances and yields. The following table sets forth average balance sheets, average yields and costs, and certain other information at and for the years indicated. No tax-equivalent yield adjustments were made, as the effect thereof was not material. All average balances are daily average balances. Nonaccrual loans were included in the computation of average balances, but have been reflected in the table as loans carrying a zero yield. The yields set forth below include the effect of deferred fees, discounts and premiums that are amortized or accreted to interest income or interest expense.

 

For the Year Ended December 31, 

2020

2019

 

Average  

Average 

 

Outstanding

Yield/ Rate 

Outstanding 

Yield/ Rate 

    

Balance

    

Interest

    

(1)

    

Balance

    

Interest

    

(1)

(Dollars in Thousands)

Interest-earning assets:

  

  

  

  

  

  

 

Loans, net

$

72,966

$

2,827

3.87

%  

$

80,834

$

3,484

4.31

%

Investment securities

 

5,189

 

78

 

1.50

 

6,471

 

155

 

2.40

Other interest-earning assets

 

18,046

 

82

 

0.45

 

8,542

 

161

 

1.88

Total interest-earning assets

 

96,201

 

2,987

 

3.10

 

95,847

 

3,800

 

3.96

Noninterest-earning assets

 

7,784

 

  

 

  

 

7,562

 

  

 

  

Total assets

$

103,985