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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934


For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission file number 001-40495

Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland37-1892154
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

3344 Peachtree Road Northeast, Suite 1725, Atlanta, Georgia 30326
(Address of Principal Executive Offices and Zip Code)

404-953-4900
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par valueAOMRNew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes    No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
                
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes      No  

The registrant had 24,965,274 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding as of May 8, 2024.



ANGEL OAK MORTGAGE REIT, INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Part II. Other Information


1

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except for share data)

As of:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
ASSETS
Residential mortgage loans - at fair value$368,446 $380,040 
Residential mortgage loans in securitization trusts - at fair value1,201,210 1,221,067 
RMBS - at fair value445,136 472,058 
U.S. Treasury securities - at fair value149,805 149,927 
Cash and cash equivalents39,421 41,625 
Restricted cash2,799 2,871 
Principal and interest receivable10,591 7,501 
Other assets34,547 32,922 
Total assets$2,251,955 $2,308,011 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
LIABILITIES
Notes payable$284,002 $290,610 
Non-recourse securitization obligation, collateralized by residential mortgage loans in securitization trusts (see Note 2)1,146,641 1,169,154 
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase193,493 193,656 
Unrealized depreciation on TBAs and interest rate futures contracts - at fair value889 1,334 
Due to broker359,892 391,964 
Accrued expenses1,119 985 
Accrued expenses payable to affiliate257 748 
Interest payable800 820 
Income taxes payable1,528 1,241 
Management fee payable to affiliate10 1,393 
Total liabilities$1,988,631 $2,051,905 
Commitments and contingencies
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Common stock, $0.01 par value. As of March 31, 2024: 350,000,000 shares authorized, 24,965,274 shares issued and outstanding. As of December 31, 2023: 350,000,000 shares authorized, 24,965,274 shares issued and outstanding.
$249 $249 
Additional paid-in capital477,698 477,068 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(3,272)(4,975)
Retained earnings (deficit)(211,351)(216,236)
Total stockholders’ equity$263,324 $256,106 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$2,251,955 $2,308,011 


The accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of this statement.

2


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except for share and per share data)
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 31, 2023
INTEREST INCOME, NET
Interest income$25,212 $23,740 
Interest expense16,633 16,941 
NET INTEREST INCOME$8,579 $6,799 
REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAINS (LOSSES), NET
Net realized gain (loss) on mortgage loans, derivative contracts, RMBS, and CMBS$(1,422)$(10,843)
Net unrealized gain (loss) on trading securities, mortgage loans, portion of debt at fair value option, and derivative contracts10,684 10,190 
TOTAL REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAINS (LOSSES), NET$9,262 $(653)
EXPENSES
Operating expenses$1,999 $2,204 
Operating expenses incurred with affiliate515 466 
Due diligence and transaction costs49  
Stock compensation630 541 
Securitization costs174 883 
Management fee incurred with affiliate1,313 1,522 
Total operating expenses$4,680 $5,616 
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES$13,161 $530 
Income tax expense287  
NET INCOME (LOSS) ALLOCABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS$12,874 $530 
Other comprehensive income (loss)1,703 14,804 
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)$14,577 $15,334 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share$0.52 $0.02 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share$0.51 $0.02 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic24,775,81524,662,737
Diluted24,965,27424,925,357







The accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of this statement.

3


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited)
(in thousands)


Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
Common Stock at ParAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) IncomeRetained Earnings (Deficit)
Total Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholder's equity as of December 31, 2023$249 $477,068 $(4,975)$(216,236)$256,106 
Dividends paid on common stock ($0.32 per share)
$— $— $— $(7,989)(7,989)
Stock compensation$— $630 $— $— 630 
Unrealized gain on RMBS and CMBS$— $— $1,703 $— 1,703 
Net income$— $— $— $12,874 12,874 
Stockholders' equity as of March 31, 2024$249 $477,698 $(3,272)$(211,351)$263,324 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
Common Stock at ParAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Retained Earnings (Deficit)Total Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholders’ equity as of December 31, 2022$249 $475,379 $(21,127)$(218,022)$236,479 
Dividends paid on common stock ($0.32 per share)
— — — (7,976)(7,976)
Stock compensation— 541 — — 541 
Unrealized gain on RMBS and CMBS— — 14,804 — 14,804 
Net income— — — 530 530 
Stockholders’ equity as of March 31, 2023$249 $475,920 $(6,323)$(225,468)$244,378 


The accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of this statement.

4


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)



Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 31, 2023
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income (loss)$12,874 $530 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash used in operating activities:
Net realized gain (loss) on mortgage loans, derivative contracts, RMBS, and CMBS1,422 10,843 
Net unrealized gain (loss) on trading securities, mortgage loans, portion of debt at fair value option, and derivative contracts(10,684)(10,190)
Amortization of debt issuance costs14 367 
Net amortization of premiums and discounts on mortgage loans657 846 
Accretion of non-recourse securitized obligation discount1,184  
Accretion of discount on U.S. Treasury securities(224)(181)
Non-cash equity compensation630 541 
Net change in:
Purchases of residential mortgage loans from affiliates(32,036) 
Purchases of residential mortgage loans from non-affiliates(12,283) 
Sale of residential mortgage loans into affiliate’s securitization trust45,994 229,279 
Principal payments on residential mortgage loans11,177 18,328 
Principal payments on residential mortgage loans in securitization trusts22,794 18,916 
Margin received from interest rate futures contracts and TBAs3,855 6,662 
Principal and interest receivable on residential mortgage loans(3,093)3,852 
Other assets(585)(11)
Management fee payable to affiliate(1,383)(448)
Accrued expenses134 (636)
Accrued expenses payable to affiliate(491)(822)
Income tax expense287  
Interest payable(21)(1,270)
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES40,222 276,606 
The accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of this statement.

5


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Purchases of investments in RMBS, available for sale(3,516)(10,363)
Purchases of investments in RMBS, trading(392,639) 
Sale of investments in RMBS, available for sale 164 
Sale of investments in RMBS, trading392,362  
Purchase of investment in U.S. Treasury securities(149,741)(399,456)
Investments in majority-owned affiliates(1,736)(11,466)
Principal payments on RMBS and CMBS securities439 101 
Maturity of U.S. Treasury securities150,000  
Principal payments on commercial mortgage loans12 10 
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES(4,819)(421,010)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Dividends paid to common stockholders(7,989)(7,976)
Principal payments on non-recourse securitization obligation(22,794)(18,916)
Cash paid for debt issuance costs(125) 
Net proceeds from (repurchases of) securities sold under agreements to repurchase
(163)389,670 
Net proceeds from (payments on) notes payable(6,608)(200,618)
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES(37,679)162,160 
CHANGE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH(2,276)17,756 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH, beginning of period
44,496 39,861 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH, end of period
$42,220 $57,617 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
Cash paid during the period for interest$15,435 $18,210 


The accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of this statement.

6


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



1.    Organization and Basis of Presentation
Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries the “Company”) is a real estate finance company focused on acquiring and investing in first lien non-qualified residential mortgage (“non-QM”) loans and other mortgage‑related assets in the U.S. mortgage market. The Company’s strategy is to make credit-sensitive investments primarily in newly-originated first lien non‑QM loans that are primarily made to higher‑quality non‑QM loan borrowers and primarily sourced from the proprietary mortgage lending platform of its affiliate, Angel Oak Mortgage Solutions LLC (together with other non-operational affiliated originators, “Angel Oak Mortgage Lending”), which currently operates primarily through a wholesale channel and has a national origination footprint. The Company may also invest in other residential mortgage loans, residential mortgage‑backed securities (“RMBS”), and other mortgage‑related assets. The Company’s objective is to generate attractive risk‑adjusted returns for its stockholders, through cash distributions and capital appreciation, across interest rate and credit cycles.
The Company is a Maryland corporation incorporated on March 20, 2018. The Company achieves certain of its investment objectives by investing a portion of its assets in its wholly‑owned taxable REIT subsidiary, Angel Oak Mortgage REIT TRS, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company formed on March 21, 2018, which invests its assets in Angel Oak Mortgage Fund TRS, a Delaware statutory trust formed on June 15, 2018.

The Company is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol AOMR.

The Operating Partnership
On February 5, 2020, the Company formed Angel Oak Mortgage Operating Partnership, LP, a Delaware limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”), through which substantially all of its assets are held and substantially all of its operations are conducted, either directly or through subsidiaries. The Company holds all of the limited partnership interests in the Operating Partnership and indirectly holds the sole general partnership interest in the Operating Partnership through the general partner, which is the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary.

The Company’s Manager and REIT status

The Company is externally managed and advised by Falcons I, LLC (the “Manager”), a Securities and Exchange Commission-registered investment adviser and an affiliate of Angel Oak Capital Advisors, LLC (“Angel Oak Capital”). The Company has elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust (a “REIT”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), commencing with its taxable year ended December 31, 2019.

Interim Financial Statements
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with the instructions to Article 10-01 of Regulation S-X for interim financial statements. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes for the year ended December 31, 2023, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 (the “Annual Report on Form 10-K”).

In the opinion of management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. Such operating results may not be indicative of the expected results for any other interim periods or the entire year. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly‑owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements requires the Company to make a number of significant estimates. These include estimates of fair value of certain assets and liabilities, amounts and timing of credit losses, prepayment rates, and other estimates that affect the reported amounts of certain assets and liabilities as of the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of certain revenues and expenses during the reported periods. It is likely that changes in these estimates (e.g., fair value changes due to inputs and underlying assumptions as described in Note 9 — Fair Value Measurements, credit performance, prepayments, interest rates, or other reasons) will occur in the near term. The Company’s estimates are inherently subjective in nature and actual results could differ from the Company’s estimates and the differences could be material.

7


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



Reclassifications

Certain comparative period amounts in the condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified for consistency with current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on the reported results of operations. Specifically, certain cash flows previously presented as cash flows from operating activities on the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months-ended March 31, 2023, have been reclassified to cash flows from investing activities as Purchases of investments in majority-owned affiliates.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
The Company considers the applicability and impact of all Accounting Standards Updates (“ASUs”). There were no recent ASUs that are expected to have a significant impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements when adopted or had a significant impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements upon adoption.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The Company’s summary of significant accounting policies as set forth in its Annual Report on Form 10-K remain unchanged.
2.    Variable Interest Entities
Since its inception, the Company has utilized variable interest entities (“VIEs”) for the purpose of securitizing whole mortgage loans to obtain long-term non-recourse financing. The Company evaluates its interest in each VIE to determine if it is the primary beneficiary.

VIEs for Which the Company is the Primary Beneficiary

The Company entered into securitization transactions where it was determined that the Company has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance. The Company was the sole entity to contribute residential whole mortgage loans to these securitization vehicles.

The retained beneficial interest in VIEs for which the Company is the primary beneficiary is the subordinated tranches of the securitization and further interests in additional interest‑only tranches. The following table summarizes the key details of the Company’s loan securitization transactions currently outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:

As of:March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
($ in thousands)
Aggregate unpaid principal balance of residential whole loans sold$2,533,008 $2,578,595 
Face amount of Non-recourse securitization obligation issued by the VIE and purchased by third-party investors1,619,051 1,619,051 
Outstanding amount of Non-recourse securitization obligation, at carrying value1,198,457 1,220,067 
Fair value adjustment for the portion of Non-recourse securitization obligation, at fair value option(51,816)(50,912)
Outstanding amount of Non-recourse securitization obligation, total$1,146,641 $1,169,154 
Weighted average fixed rate for Non-recourse securitization obligation issued2.91 %2.91 %
Face amount of Senior Support Certificates received by the Company$91,330 $91,330 
Cash received$194,746 $194,746 

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company did not issue and retain bonds on our consolidated balance sheets for any securitization transaction for which the Company was the primary beneficiary.

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, as a result of the transactions described above, securitized loans with outstanding principal balance of approximately $1.3 billion and $1.3 billion are included in “Residential mortgage loans in securitization trusts” on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets, respectively. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the aggregate carrying value of sold bonds issued by consolidated VIEs was $1.2 billion and $1.2 billion. These sold bonds are disclosed as “Non-recourse securitization obligation, collateralized by residential mortgage loans in securitization trusts” on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. The holders of the securitized debt have no recourse to the general credit of the Company, but the Company does have the obligation, under certain circumstances, to repurchase assets from the VIE upon the breach of certain representations and warranties with respect to the residential
8


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



whole loans sold to the VIE. In the absence of such a breach, the Company has no obligation to provide any other explicit or implicit support to any VIE.

The Company concluded that the entities created to facilitate the loan securitization transactions are VIEs. The Company completed an analysis of whether each VIE created to facilitate the securitization transactions should be consolidated by the Company, based on consideration of its involvement in each VIE and whether its involvement reflected a controlling financial interest that resulted in the Company being deemed the primary beneficiary of each VIE. In determining whether the Company would be considered the primary beneficiary, the following factors were assessed:

•     whether the Company has both the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIE; and
•     whether the Company has a right to receive benefits or absorb losses of the entity that could be potentially significant to the VIE.

Based on its evaluation of the factors discussed above, including its involvement in the purpose and design of the entity, the Company determined that it was required to consolidate each VIE created to facilitate the loan securitization transactions.

VIEs for Which the Company is Not the Primary Beneficiary

The Company sponsored or participated along with other affiliates and entities managed by Angel Oak Capital in the formation of various entities that were considered to be VIEs. These VIEs were formed to facilitate securitization issuances that were comprised of secured residential whole loans and/or small balance commercial loans contributed to securitization trusts.

These securities were issued as a result of the unconsolidated securitizations where the Company retained bonds from the issuances of securitizations issued by a depositor that the Company does not control. The Company determined that it was not then and is not now the primary beneficiary of any of these securitization entities, and thus has not consolidated the operating results or statements of financial position of any of these entities. The Company performs ongoing reassessments of all VIEs in which the Company has participated since its inception as to whether changes in the facts and circumstances regarding the Company’s involvement with a VIE would cause the Company’s consolidation conclusion to change, and the Company’s assessment of these VIEs remains unchanged.

The securities received in the securitization transactions for which we are not the primary beneficiary were classified as “available for sale” upon receipt and are included in “RMBS - at fair value” and “Other Assets” on the consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, and details on the accounting treatment and fair value methodology of the securities can be found in Note 9 — Fair Value Measurements. See also Note 4 — Investment Securities, for the fair value of AOMT securities held by the Company, and Note 13 - Other Assets, for investments in majority-owned affiliates (“MOAs”), as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 that were retained by the Company as a result of these securitization transactions.

3.    Residential Mortgage Loans

Residential mortgage loans are measured at fair value. The following table sets forth the cost, unpaid principal balance, net premium on mortgage loans purchased, fair value, weighted average interest rate, and weighted average remaining contractual maturity of the Company’s residential mortgage loan portfolio as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
($ in thousands)
Cost$376,777 $393,443 
Unpaid principal balance$370,399 $386,872 
Net premium on mortgage loans purchased6,378 6,571 
Change in fair value(8,331)(13,403)
Fair value$368,446 $380,040 
Weighted average interest rate7.11 %6.78 %
Weighted average contractual maturity (years)
2829
9


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)




At times, various forms of margin maintenance may be required by certain financing facility counterparties. See Note 5 — Notes Payable.

The following table sets forth data regarding the number of consumer mortgage loans secured by residential real property ninety (90) or more days past due and also those in formal foreclosure proceedings, and the recorded investment and unpaid principal balance of such loans as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:

As of:March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
($ in thousands)
Number of mortgage loans 90 or more days past due8 7
Recorded investment in mortgage loans 90 or more days past due$5,362 $5,754 
Unpaid principal balance of loans 90 or more days past due$5,301 $5,681 
Number of mortgage loans in foreclosure3 2
Recorded investment in mortgage loans in foreclosure$2,895 $1,956 
Unpaid principal balance of loans in foreclosure$2,829 $1,889 

4.    Investment Securities
As of March 31, 2024, investment securities were comprised of: (i) non‑agency RMBS (“AOMT RMBS”) and (ii) Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae whole pool agency RMBS (“Whole Pool Agency RMBS”, and together with AOMT RMBS, “RMBS”), and (iii) U.S. Treasury securities. The U.S. Treasury securities held by the Company as of March 31, 2024 subsequently matured on April 9, 2024.
The following table sets forth a summary of RMBS at cost as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(in thousands)
AOMT RMBS$88,323 $84,957 
Whole Pool Agency RMBS$359,892 $391,964 
The following tables sets forth certain information about the Company’s investments in RMBS at fair value as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
Real Estate Securities at Fair ValueSecurities Sold Under Agreements to RepurchaseAllocated Capital
March 31, 2024:(in thousands)
AOMT RMBS (1)
Mezzanine$11,824 $(702)$11,122 
Subordinate58,955 (19,726)39,229 
Interest Only/Excess13,982 (1,830)12,152 
Retained RMBS in VIEs (2)
 (22,243)(22,243)
Total AOMT RMBS$84,761 $(44,501)$40,260 
Whole Pool Agency RMBS (3)
Fannie Mae$155,229 $ $155,229 
Freddie Mac205,146  205,146 
Whole Pool Total Agency RMBS$360,375 $ $360,375 
Total RMBS
$445,136 $(44,501)$400,635 

(1)     AOMT RMBS held as of March 31, 2024 included both retained tranches of AOMT securitizations in which the Company participated and additional AOMT securities purchased in secondary market transactions.
10


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



(2)     A portion of repurchase debt includes borrowings against retained bonds received from on-balance sheet securitizations (i.e., consolidated VIEs). These bonds, with a fair value of $119.8 million, are not reflected in the consolidated balance sheets, as the Company reflects the assets of the VIE (residential mortgage loans in securitization trusts - at fair value) on its consolidated balance sheets.
(3)     The whole pool RMBS presented as of March 31, 2024 were purchased from a broker to whom the Company owes approximately $360 million, payable upon the settlement date of the trade. See Note 6 - Due to Broker.
December 31, 2023Real Estate Securities at Fair ValueSecurities Sold Under Agreements to RepurchaseAllocated Capital
(in thousands)
AOMT RMBS (1)
Mezzanine$10,972 $(844)$10,128 
Subordinate55,665 (19,812)35,853 
Interest Only/Excess13,059 (1,871)11,188 
Retained RMBS in VIEs (2)
 (22,116)(22,116)
Total AOMT RMBS$79,696 $(44,643)$35,053 
Whole Pool Agency RMBS (3)
Fannie Mae$278,510 $ $278,510 
Freddie Mac113,852  113,852 
Whole Pool Total Agency RMBS$392,362 $ $392,362 
Total RMBS$472,058 $(44,643)$427,415 
(1)     AOMT RMBS held as of December 31, 2023 included both retained tranches of AOMT securitizations in which the Company participated and additional AOMT securities purchased in secondary market transactions.
(2)     A portion of repurchase debt includes borrowings against retained bonds received from on-balance sheet securitizations (i.e., consolidated VIEs). These bonds, with a fair value of $124.1 million, are not reflected in the consolidated balance sheets, as the Company reflects the assets of the VIE (residential mortgage loans in securitization trusts - at fair value) on its consolidated balance sheets.
(3)     The whole pool RMBS presented as of December 31, 2023 were purchased from a broker to whom the Company owes approximately $392 million, payable upon the settlement date of the trade. See Note 6 - Due to Broker.
The following table sets forth certain information about the Company’s investments in U.S. Treasury securities as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
DateFace ValueUnamortized Discount, netAmortized Cost
Unrealized Gain/(Loss)
Fair ValueNet Effective Yield
($ in thousands)
March 31, 2024$150,000 $195 $149,805 $ $149,805 5.19 %
December 31, 2023$150,000 $159 $149,841 $86 $149,927 5.30 %

5.    Notes Payable
The Company has the ability to finance residential and commercial whole loans, utilizing lines of credit (notes payable) from various counterparties, as further described below. Outstanding borrowings bear interest at floating rates depending on the lending counterparty, the collateral pledged, and the rate in effect for each interest period, as the same may change from time to time at the end of each interest period. Some agreements include upfront fees, fees on unused balances, covenants and concentration limits on types of collateral pledged which vary based on the counterparty. Occasionally, a lender may require certain margin collateral to be posted on a warehouse line of credit. There was no margin collateral required as of March 31, 2024 or December 31, 2023.

11


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



The following table sets forth the details of the Company’s notes payable and drawn amounts for whole loan purchases as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
Interest
Rate Pricing
Spread
Drawn Amount
Note PayableBase Interest RateMarch 31, 2024December 31, 2023
($ in thousands)
Multinational Bank 1 (1)
Average Daily SOFR
2.00% - 2.10%
$188,918 $206,183 
Global Investment Bank 2 (2)
1 month Term SOFR
2.10% - 3.45%
  
Global Investment Bank 3 (3)
Compound SOFR
2.00% - 4.50%
95,084 84,427 
Institutional Investors A and B (4)
1 month Term SOFR3.50%N/A 
Regional Bank 1 (5)
1 month SOFR
2.50% - 3.50%
N/A 
Total$284,002 $290,610 
(1)     On March 25, 2024, this financing facility was extended through September 25, 2024 in accordance with the terms of the agreement, which contemplates six-month renewals, with an interest rate pricing spread of 2.00%. Prior to this extension the interest rate pricing spread was up to 2.10%.
(2)     On March 28, 2024 the amended and restated Master Repurchase Agreement was terminated and replaced with a new $250 million Master Repurchase Agreement which has a termination date of March 27, 2026. Further, the interest rate pricing margin will range from 2.10% to 3.35%, based on loan status, dwell time and other factors. Prior to this extension the interest rate pricing spread was up to 3.45%.
(3)     This financing facility has a termination date of November 7, 2024.
(4)     These master repurchase agreements expired by their terms on January 4, 2023.
(5)     This agreement expired by its terms on March 16, 2023.
The following table sets forth the total unused borrowing capacity of each financing line as of March 31, 2024:
Note PayableBorrowing CapacityBalance OutstandingAvailable Financing
(in thousands)
Multinational Bank 1
$600,000 $188,918 $411,082 
Global Investment Bank 2
250,000  250,000 
Global Investment Bank 3
200,000 95,084 104,916 
Total$1,050,000 $284,002 $765,998 

Although available financing is uncommitted for each of these lines of credit, the Company’s unused borrowing capacity is available if it has eligible collateral to pledge and meets other borrowing conditions as set forth in the applicable agreements.
6.    Due to Broker
The “Due to broker” account on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively, in the amounts of $360 million and $392 million relates to the purchase of Whole Pool Agency RMBS at quarter-end in the first and fourth quarters of 2024 and 2023, respectively. Purchases are accounted for on a trade date basis, and, at times, there may be a timing difference between accounting periods for the trade date and the settlement date of a trade. The trade dates of these purchases were prior to the applicable quarter-end dates. These trades settled on April 11, 2024 and January 16, 2024, respectively, at which time these assets were simultaneously sold.
The purchase transactions of these Whole Pool Agency RMBS are excluded from the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows until settled as they are noncash transactions.
7.    Securities Sold Under Agreements to Repurchase
Transactions involving securities sold under agreements to repurchase are treated as collateralized financial transactions, and are recorded at their contracted repurchase amounts. Margin (if required) for securities sold under agreements to repurchase represents margin collateral amounts held to ensure that the Company has sufficient coverage for securities sold under agreements to repurchase in case of adverse price changes. Restricted cash of margin collateral for securities sold under agreements to repurchase was $0.3 million and $0.3 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.

12


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



The following table summarizes certain characteristics of the Company’s repurchase agreements as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
March 31, 2024
Repurchase AgreementsAmount OutstandingWeighted Average Interest RateWeighted Average Remaining Maturity (Days)
($ in thousands)
U.S. Treasury securities$148,992 5.50 %9
AOMT RMBS (1)
$44,501 6.96 %17
Total$193,493 5.84 %11
December 31, 2023
Repurchase AgreementsAmount OutstandingWeighted Average Interest RateWeighted Average Remaining Maturity (Days)
U.S. Treasury Bills$149,013 5.57 %10
AOMT RMBS (1)
$44,643 7.04 %16
Total$193,656 5.91 %11

(1)     A portion of repurchase debt outstanding as of both March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 includes borrowings against retained bonds received from on-balance sheet securitizations (i.e., consolidated VIEs). See Note 4 - Investment Securities.
Although the transactions under repurchase agreements represent committed borrowings until maturity, the lenders retain the right to mark the underlying collateral at fair value. A reduction in the value of pledged assets would require the Company to provide additional collateral or fund margin calls.
8.    Derivative Financial Instruments
In the normal course of business, the Company enters into derivative financial instruments to manage its exposure to market risk, including interest rate risk and prepayment risk on its whole loan investments. The derivatives in which the Company invests, and the market risk that the economic hedge is intended to mitigate are further discussed below. Derivative instruments as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 included both To-Be-Announced (“TBA”) securities and interest rate futures contracts. Restricted cash relating to interest rate futures margin collateral in interest rate futures accounts under the Company’s sole control as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 included $2.4 million and $2.5 million, respectively. There was no TBA margin collateral required as of either March 31, 2024 or December 31, 2023.

The Company uses interest rate futures as economic hedges to hedge a portion of its interest rate risk exposure. Interest rate risk is sensitive to many factors, including governmental monetary and tax policies, domestic and international economic and political considerations, as well as other factors. The Company’s credit risk with respect to economic hedges is the risk of default on its investments that result from a borrower’s or counterparty’s inability or unwillingness to make contractually required payments.

The Company may at times hold TBAs in order to mitigate its interest rate risk on certain specified mortgage-backed securities. Amounts or obligations owed by or to the Company are subject to the right of set-off with the TBA counterparty. As part of executing these trades, the Company may enter into agreements with its TBA counterparties that govern the transactions for the TBA purchases or sales made, including margin maintenance, payment and transfer, events of default, settlements, and various other provisions.

Changes in the value of derivatives designed to protect against mortgage-backed securities fair value fluctuations, or economic hedging gains and losses, are reflected in the tables below. All realized and unrealized gains and losses on derivative contracts are recognized in earnings, in “net realized gain (loss) on mortgage loans, derivative contracts, RMBS, and CMBS” for realized gains and losses, and “net unrealized gain (loss) on trading securities, mortgage loans, portion of debt at fair value option, and derivative contracts” for unrealized gains and losses.

The Company considers the notional amounts, categorized by primary underlying risk, to be representative of the volume of its derivative activities.
13


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



The following table sets forth the derivative instruments presented on the condensed consolidated balance sheets and notional amounts as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
Notional Amounts
As of:Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging InstrumentsNumber of ContractsAssetsLiabilitiesLong ExposureShort Exposure
($ in thousands)
March 31, 2024Interest rate futures1,714$ $636 $ $171,400 
March 31, 2024TBAsN/A$ $253 $ $372,000 
December 31, 2023Interest rate futures1,489$ $840 $ $148,900 
December 31, 2023TBAsN/A$ $494 $ $386,700 
The gains and losses arising from these derivative instruments in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2023 are set forth as follows:

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging InstrumentsNet Realized Gains (Losses) on Derivative InstrumentsNet Change in Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) on Derivative Instruments
(in thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024Interest rate futures$3,549 $204 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024TBAs$306 $241 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2023Interest rate futures$8,374 $(9,121)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2023TBAs$(350)$(14,052)
9.    Fair Value Measurements
For financial reporting purposes, we follow a fair value hierarchy established under GAAP that is used to determine the fair value of financial instruments. This hierarchy prioritizes relevant market inputs in order to determine an “exit price” at the measurement date, or the price at which an asset could be sold or a liability could be transferred in an orderly process that is not a forced liquidation or distressed sale. Level 1 inputs are observable inputs that reflect quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets. Level 2 inputs are observable inputs other than quoted prices for an asset or liability that are obtained through corroboration with observable market data. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs (e.g., our own data or assumptions) that are used when there is little, if any, relevant market activity for the asset or liability required to be measured at fair value.

In certain cases, inputs used to measure fair value fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level at which the fair value measurement falls is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input requires judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability being measured.

As of March 31, 2024, our valuation policy and processes had not changed from those described in our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2023 included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K. Included in Note 10 — Fair Value Measurements to the Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2023 included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K is a detailed description of our other financial instruments measured at fair value and their significant inputs, as well as the general classification of such instruments pursuant to the Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 valuation hierarchy.

The fair value of cash, restricted cash, principal and interest receivable, other assets (excluding investments in MOA’s), notes payable, securities sold under agreements to repurchase, amounts due to broker and accrued expenses (including those payable to an affiliate and management fees payable to an affiliate), and interest payable approximate their carrying values due to the nature of these assets and liabilities.
The Company’s “investments in majority-owned affiliates” included in other assets (see Note 13 — Other Assets) and a portion of “non-recourse securitization obligations, collateralized by residential mortgage loans” are held at amortized cost. The fair value of these assets and liabilities is disclosed further below in the section titled “Assets and Liabilities Held at Amortized Cost - Fair Value Disclosure”.

14


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



The following table sets forth information about the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value as of March 31, 2024:
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
(in thousands)
Assets, at fair value
Residential mortgage loans$ $361,895 $6,551 $368,446 
Residential mortgage loans in securitization trusts 1,186,339 14,871 1,201,210 
Investments in securities
AOMT RMBS (1)
 84,761  84,761 
Whole Pool Agency RMBS 360,376  360,376 
U.S Treasury Securities149,805   149,805 
Other Assets, at fair value (2)
 11,782  11,782 
Total assets, at fair value$149,805 $2,005,153 $21,422 $2,176,380 
Liabilities, at fair value
Non-recourse securitization obligation, collateralized by residential mortgage loans (3)
$ $728,082 $ $728,082 
Unrealized depreciation on futures contracts(636)  (636)
Unrealized depreciation on TBAs(253)  (253)
Total liabilities, at fair value$(889)$728,082 $ $727,193 
(1)     AOMT RMBS held as of March 31, 2024 included both retained tranches of AOMT securitizations in which the Company participated, additional AOMT securities purchased in secondary market transactions, and other RMBS purchased in secondary market transactions.

(2)     Includes Commercial Loans and AOMT commercial mortgage backed securities (“CMBS)” assets. All AOMT CMBS held as of March 31, 2024 was comprised of a small-balance commercial loan securitization issuance in which the Company participated.

(3)     Only the portion subject to fair value measurement, as adjusted for fair value, is presented above. See below for the disclosure of the full debt at fair value.

Transfers from Level 2 to Level 3 were comprised of residential loans more than 90 days overdue (including those in foreclosure). Transfers between Levels are deemed to take place on the first day of the reporting period in which the transfer has taken place. These transfers were not material.

We use third‑party valuation firms who utilize proprietary methodologies to value our residential and commercial loans. These firms generally use both market comparable information and discounted cash flow modeling techniques to determine the fair value of our Level 3 assets. Use of these techniques requires determination of relevant input and assumptions, some of which represent significant unobservable inputs such as anticipated credit losses, prepayment rates, default rates, or other valuation assumptions. Accordingly, a significant increase or decrease in any of these inputs in isolation may result in a significantly lower or higher fair value measurement.

15


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



The following table sets forth information regarding the Company’s significant Level 3 inputs as of March 31, 2024:

Input Values
AssetFair ValueUnobservable InputRangeAverage
($ in thousands)
Residential mortgage loans, at fair value$6,551 Prepayment rate (annual CPR)
9.39% - 25.92%
15.60%
Default rate
7.15% - 31.83%
14.05%
Loss severity
(25.00)% - 32.16%
6.09%
Expected remaining life
0.67 - 4.35 years
2.49 years
Residential mortgage loans in securitization trust, at fair value$14,871 Prepayment rate (annual CPR)
4.95% - 19.23%
10.91%
Default rate
9.77% - 28.13%
17.42%
Loss severity
(17.50)% - 60.68%
4.00%
Expected remaining life
0.67 - 4.41 years
2.59 years
Assets and Liabilities Held at Amortized Cost — Fair Value Disclosure

Portion of Non-Recourse Securitization Obligations, Collateralized by Residential Mortgage Loans — Held at Amortized Cost

To determine the fair value of the Company’s non-recourse securitization obligations, collateralized by residential mortgage loans, net, held at amortized cost, the Company uses the same method of valuation as described in the Annual Report on Form 10-K, Note 10 — Fair Value Measurements for both the portion of the obligation measured at fair value and the portion of the obligation held at amortized cost, for which fair value is disclosed below.

As of March 31, 2024, the total amortized cost basis and fair value of our non-recourse securitization obligations was $1.15 billion and $1.07 billion, respectively, a difference of approximately $86.1 million (which includes AOMT 2022-1, AOMT 2022-4, and AOMT 2023-4, which are marked to fair value; and AOMT 2021-7 and AOMT 2021-4, which are carried at amortized cost, as the fair value option was not elected at the time of the creation of these obligations). The difference between the amortized cost and fair value solely attributable to AOMT 2021-4 and 2021-7 is approximately $80.6 million. The difference between the amortized cost basis value and the fair value is derived from the difference between the period-end market pricing of the underlying bonds, as referred to above, and the amortized cost of the obligation. The fair value of the non-recourse securitization debt is not indicative of the amounts at which we could settle this debt.

As of December 31, 2023, the total amortized cost basis and fair value of our non-recourse securitization obligations was $1.24 billion and $1.09 billion, respectively, a difference of approximately $247.8 million (which includes AOMT 2022-1, AOMT 2022-4, and AOMT 2023-4, which are marked to fair value; and AOMT 2021-7 and AOMT 2021-4, which are carried at amortized cost, as the fair value option was not elected at the time of the creation of these obligations). The fair value solely attributable to AOMT 2021-4 and 2021-7 is approximately $81.9 million less than the amortized cost. The difference between the amortized cost basis value and the fair value is derived from the difference between the period-end market pricing of the underlying bonds, as referred to above, and the amortized cost of the obligation. The fair value of the non-recourse securitization debt is not indicative of the amounts at which we could settle this debt.

Investments in Majority-Owned Affiliates

To determine the fair value of the Company’s investments in majority-owned affiliates, which are held at amortized cost and included in “other assets”, the Company uses the prices of the underlying bonds in the investments to determine fair value. The Company utilizes PriceServe, Bank of America’s independent fixed income pricing service, as the primary valuation source for these bonds. PriceServe obtains its price quotes from actual sales or quotes for sale of the same or similar securities and/or provides model‑based valuations that consider inputs derived from recent market activity including default rates, conditional prepayment rates, loss severity, expected yield to maturity, baseline discount margin/yield, recovery assumptions, tranche type, collateral coupon, age and loan size, and other inputs specific to each security. We believe that these quotes are most reflective of the price that would be achieved if the bonds were sold to an independent third party on the date of the consolidated financial statements.
The amortized cost and fair value of this investment as of March 31, 2024 was approximately $18.0 million and $22.8 million, respectively. The amortized cost and fair value of these investments as of December 31, 2023 was approximately $16.2 million and $16.7 million, respectively.
16


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



The following table sets forth information about the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value as of December 31, 2023:
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
(in thousands)
Assets, at fair value
Residential mortgage loans$ $374,004 $6,036 $380,040 
Residential mortgage loans in securitization trusts 1,207,804 13,263 1,221,067 
Investments in securities
AOMT RMBS (1)
 79,696  79,696 
Whole Pool Agency RMBS 392,362  392,362 
U.S. Treasury Securities.
149,927   149,927 
Other Assets, at fair value (2)
 32,923  32,923 
Total assets, at fair value$149,927 $2,086,789 $19,299 $2,256,015 
Liabilities, at fair value
Non-recourse securitization obligation, collateralized by residential mortgage loans (3)
$ $743,189 $ $743,189 
Unrealized depreciation on futures contracts
(840)  (840)
Unrealized depreciation on TBAs
(494)  (494)
Total liabilities, at fair value$(1,334)$743,189 $ $741,855 
(1)     AOMT RMBS held as of December 31, 2023 included both retained tranches of AOMT securitizations in which the Company participated, additional AOMT securities purchased in secondary market transactions, and other RMBS purchased in secondary market transactions.
(2)     Includes Commercial Loans and AOMT CMBS assets. All AOMT CMBS held as of December 31, 2023 was comprised of a small-balance commercial loan securitization issuance in which the Company participated.
(3)     Only the portion subject to fair value measurement, as adjusted for fair value, is presented above. See below for the disclosure of the full debt at fair value.
All unrealized gains and losses arising from valuation changes in residential and commercial mortgage loans, TBAs, and futures contracts are recognized in net income for the periods presented.

Transfers from Level 2 to Level 3 were comprised of residential loans more than 90 days overdue (including those in foreclosure) and commercial mortgage loans in special servicing or otherwise considered “non‑performing” by the Company’s third‑party valuation providers. Transfers between Levels are deemed to take place on the first day of the reporting period in which the transfer has taken place. Transfers between Level 2 and Level 3 were immaterial for the year ended December 31, 2023.


17


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



We use third‑party valuation firms who utilize proprietary methodologies to value our residential and commercial loans. These firms generally use both market comparable information and discounted cash flow modeling techniques to determine the fair value of our Level 3 assets. Use of these techniques requires determination of relevant input and assumptions, some of which represent significant unobservable inputs such as anticipated credit losses, prepayment rates, default rates, or other valuation assumptions. Accordingly, a significant increase or decrease in any of these inputs in isolation may result in a significantly lower or higher fair value measurement.

The following table sets forth information regarding the Company’s significant Level 3 inputs as of December 31, 2023:

Input Values
AssetFair ValueUnobservable InputRangeAverage
Residential mortgage loans, at fair value$6,036 Prepayment rate (annual CPR)
6.86% - 19.93%
13.40%
Default rate
12.69% - 13.64%
13.16%
Loss severity
(25.00)% - 40.13%
4.12%
Expected remaining life
0.67 - 4.09 years
2.22 years
Residential mortgage loans in securitization trust, at fair value$13,263 Prepayment rate (annual CPR)
5.97% - 20.71%
12.32%
Default rate
4.38% - 28.66%
16.92%
Loss severity
(13.99)% - 19.60%
4.14%
Expected remaining life
0.67 - 5.67 years
2.72 years

10.    Related Party Transactions
Residential Mortgage Loan Purchases
The Company has residential loan purchase agreements with various affiliates of the Company. The purchase price of the loans is generally equal to the outstanding principal of the mortgage, adjusted by a premium or discount, depending on market conditions. The Company purchases the mortgage loans on a servicing released basis.
The following table sets forth certain financial information pertaining to whole loan activity purchased from affiliates during the period and year ended as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
As of and for the Year-to-Date/Year Ended:Amount of Loans Purchased from Affiliates during the Year-to-Date/YearNumber of Loans Purchased from Affiliates during the Year-to-Date/Year
Number of Loans Purchased from Affiliates, Owned and Held as of Year-to-Date/Year End (1):
($ in thousands)
March 31, 2024$32,036 96 650 
December 31, 2023$199,793 475 589 
(1)     Excludes loans held in consolidated securitizations.
Securitization Transactions and Majority-Owned Affiliate
From time to time, the Company participates in securitization transactions with other affiliates of Angel Oak Capital. See Note 2 — Variable Interest Entities, “VIEs for Which the Company is Not the Primary Beneficiary” and Note 13 — Other Assets.
Management Fee
The Company’s management agreement, effective as of June 21, 2021, by and among the Company, the Operating Partnership, and the Manager (the “Management Agreement”), provides that the Company will pay the Manager, in arrears, on a quarterly basis, an aggregate fixed management fee equal to 1.5% per annum of the Company’s Equity (as is defined in the Management Agreement).
Incentive Fee
Under the Management Agreement, the Manager is also entitled to an incentive fee, which is calculated and payable in cash with respect to each calendar quarter (or part thereof that the Management Agreement is in effect) in arrears in an amount, not less than zero, equal to the excess of (1) the product of (a) 15% and (b) the excess of (i) the Company’s Distributable Earnings (as defined in the Management Agreement) for the previous 12-month period, over (ii) the product of (A) the Company’s Equity (as defined in the Management Agreement)
18


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



in the previous 12-month period, and (B) 8% per annum, over (2) the sum of any incentive fee earned by the Manager with respect to the first three calendar quarters of such previous 12-month period. To date, the incentive fee has not been earned and no expense has been recognized in the Company’s financial statements.
Operating Expense Reimbursements
The Company is also required to pay the Manager reimbursements for certain general and administrative expenses pursuant to the Management Agreement. Accrued expenses payable to affiliate and operating expenses incurred with affiliate are substantially comprised of payroll reimbursements to an affiliate of the Manager.
11.    Commitments and Contingencies
The Company, from time to time, may be party to litigation relating to claims arising in the normal course of business. As of March 31, 2024, the Company was not aware of any legal claims that could materially impact its financial condition. As of March 31, 2024, the Company had no unfunded commitments.

The Company has entered into forward purchase commitments with counterparties whereby the Company commits to purchasing residential mortgage loans at a particular price, provided the residential mortgage loans close with the counterparties. As of March 31, 2024, the Company has a total purchase commitments of $80.1 million related to both Angel Oak Mortgage Lending and third parties. These commitments represent off-balance sheet risk where the Company may be required to extend credit.

12.    Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)

The following table sets forth the net unrealized gain/(loss) on available-for-sale (“AFS”) securities for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, which is the sole component of the changes in the Company’s Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss) (“AOCI”) for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:

Three Months Ended March 31, 2024Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
(in thousands)
AOCI balance, beginning of period$(4,975)$(21,127)
Net unrealized gain/(loss) on AFS securities1,703 14,804 
AOCI balance, end of period$(3,272)$(6,323)
19


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



13.    Other Assets

The following table sets forth the detail of other assets included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
($ in thousands)
Investments in Majority-Owned Affiliates
$18,021 $16,232 
Commercial Mortgage Loans
5,229 5,219 
CMBS
6,553 6,592 
Deferred tax asset3,457 3,457 
Prepaid expenses940 1,137 
Protective advances and other assets347285
Total other assets$34,547 $32,922 

Investments in Majority-Owned Affiliates (“MOA”)

In 2023 and the first quarter of 2024, the Company participated in securitization transactions AOMT 2023-1, AOMT 2023-5, AOMT 2023-7, and AOMT 2024-3, which involved MOAs in which the Company received investments of 41.21%, 34.42%, 10.35%, and 10.98%, respectively, in each case proportional to its share of the unpaid principal balance of the residential whole loans contributed to the securitizations. The purpose of the MOAs is to retain and hold risk retention bonds issued by the securitization trust. Each MOA is a limited liability company and is accounted for as an equity method investment and held at amortized cost. The investment will be tested for impairment at least annually utilizing undiscounted cash flows of the underlying risk retention bonds. See Note 9 — Fair Value Measurements.

Commercial Mortgage Loans

Commercial mortgage loans are measured at fair value. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the cost and unpaid principal balance of the assets was $5.6 million and $5.6 million, with a fair value of $5.2 million and $5.2 million, respectively. The weighted average interest rate was 6.24% with a weighted average maturity of 12 years, as of March 31, 2024. There were no commercial mortgage loans more than ninety (90) days past due or in foreclosure as of March 31, 2024 or December 31, 2023.
Commercial Mortgage Backed Securities

CMBS are held at fair value. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the cost of these assets were $6.3 million and $6.3 million, with a fair value of $6.6 million and $6.6 million, respectively. There was no repurchase debt held against these assets at March 31, 2024 or December 31, 2023.

14.     Equity and Earnings per Share (“EPS”)

In the calculations of basic and diluted earnings per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company included participating securities, which are certain equity awards that have non-forfeitable dividend participation rights. Dividends and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities under the basic and diluted earnings per share calculations require specific shares to be included that may differ in certain circumstances.

For the three months ended March 31, 2024, there were 186,886 anti-dilutive outstanding restricted stock awards and 123,767 performance-based restricted stock units. To date we have expensed $0.1 million related to the performance-based restricted stock units based on current market conditions. However, these units were not included in the diluted weighted average common shares outstanding.

For the three months ended March 31, 2023, there were no anti-dilutive outstanding restricted stock awards, although the market-based “total stockholder return” conditions for 64,096 performance-based restricted stock units had not been achieved and thus these units were not included in the diluted weighted average common shares outstanding.


20


Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)



The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:
March 31, 2024March 31, 2023
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Basic Earnings (Loss) per Common Share:
Net income (loss) to common stockholders$12,874 $530 
Dividends allocated to participating securities(60)(85)
Net income (loss) to common stockholders - basic$12,814 $445 
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding24,775,815 24,662,737 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share$0.52 $0.02 
Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Common Share:
Net income (loss) to common stockholders - basic$12,874 $530 
Dividends allocated to participating securities(60)(85)
Net income (loss) to common stockholders - diluted$12,814 $445 
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding24,775,815 24,662,737 
Net effect of dilutive equity awards189,459 262,620 
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding24,965,274 24,925,357 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share$0.51 $0.02 

15.    Subsequent Events

On April 11, 2024, the Company securitized residential mortgage loans with an unpaid principal balance of $300 million in the issuance of AOMT 2024-4. Similar to certain previous securitizations, the Company will consolidate the VIE used to facilitate this
transaction. See Note 2 “Variable Interest Entities” for a discussion of the accounting policies applied to the consolidation of VIEs and transfers of financial assets in connection with financing transactions.

On May 7, 2024, the Company declared a dividend of $0.32 per share of common stock, to be paid on May 31, 2024 to common stockholders of record as of May 22, 2024.











21


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is intended to help the reader understand the results of operations and financial condition of Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc. The following should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto. References herein to our “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our” refer to Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc. and its subsidiaries including Angel Oak Mortgage Operating Partnership, LP (our “operating partnership”), through which we hold substantially all of our assets and conduct our operations. Unless otherwise indicated, the term “Angel Oak” refers collectively to Angel Oak Capital Advisors, LLC (“Angel Oak Capital”) and its affiliates, including Falcons I, LLC, our external manager (our “Manager”), Angel Oak Companies, LP (“Angel Oak Companies”), and the proprietary mortgage lending platform of affiliates Angel Oak Mortgage Solutions LLC (together with other non-operational affiliated originators, “Angel Oak Mortgage Lending”).

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements involve numerous risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ from our beliefs, expectations, estimates, and projections and, consequently, you should not rely on these forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. Forward-looking statements are not historical in nature and can be identified by words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “seek,” “plan” and similar expressions or their negative forms, or by references to strategy, plans, or intentions. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including, among other things, those described under Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 (the “Annual Report on Form 10-K”). Other risks, uncertainties, and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected may be described from time to time in other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.

Factors that could have a material adverse effect on future results and performance relative to those set forth in or implied by the related forward-looking statements, as well as on our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations and prospects, include, but are not limited to:

the effects of adverse conditions or developments in the financial markets and the economy upon our ability to acquire target assets such as non-qualified residential mortgage (“non-QM”) loans, particularly those sourced from Angel Oak’s proprietary mortgage lending platform, Angel Oak Mortgage Lending;

the level and volatility of prevailing interest rates and credit spreads;

changes in our industry, inflation, interest rates, business strategies, target assets, the debt or equity markets, the general economy (or in specific regions) or the residential real estate finance and real estate markets specifically;

general volatility of the markets in which we invest;

changes in the availability of attractive loan and other investment opportunities, including non-QM loans sourced from Angel Oak Mortgage Lending;

the ability of our Manager to locate suitable investments for us, manage our portfolio, and implement our strategy;

our ability to profitably execute securitization transactions;

our ability to obtain and maintain financing arrangements on favorable terms, or at all;

the adequacy of collateral securing our investments and a decline in the fair value of our investments;

the timing of cash flows, if any, from our investments;

the operating performance, liquidity, and financial condition of borrowers;

increased rates of default and/or decreased recovery rates on our investments;

changes in prepayment rates on our investments;

the departure of any of the members of senior management of the Company, our Manager, or Angel Oak;

the availability of qualified personnel;

conflicts with Angel Oak, including our Manager and its personnel, including our officers, and entities managed by Angel Oak;
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events, contemplated or otherwise, such as acts of God, including hurricanes, earthquakes, and other natural disasters, including those resulting from global climate change, pandemics, acts of war or terrorism, the initiation or escalation of military conflicts (such as the Russian invasion of Ukraine), and others that may cause unanticipated and uninsured performance declines, disruptions in markets, and/or losses to us or the owners and operators of the real estate securing our investments;

impact of and changes in governmental regulations, tax laws and rates, accounting principles and policies and similar matters;

the level of governmental involvement in the U.S. mortgage market;

future changes with respect to the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) or Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac” and together with Fannie Mae, the “GSEs”) in the mortgage market and related events, including the lack of certainty as to the future roles of these entities and the U.S. Government in the mortgage market and changes to legislation and regulations affecting these entities;

effects of hedging instruments on our target assets and our returns, and the degree to which our hedging strategies may or may not protect us from interest rate volatility;

our ability to make distributions to our stockholders in the future at the level contemplated by our stockholders or the market generally, or at all;

our ability to continue to qualify as a real estate investment trust (a “REIT”) for U.S. federal income tax purposes; and

our ability to maintain our exclusion from regulation as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”).

When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements in this report and in the Annual Report on Form 10-K. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any of these forward-looking statements, which reflect our management’s views only as of the date such statements are made. The risks summarized under Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in the Annual Report on Form 10-K could cause actual results and performance to differ materially from those set forth in or implied by our forward-looking statements. New risks and uncertainties arise over time, and it is not possible for us to predict those events or how they may affect us.

Important Information Regarding Our Disclosure to Investors

We may use our website (www.angeloakreit.com) to communicate with our investors and disclose company information. The information disclosed through our website may be considered material, so investors should monitor our website in addition to press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. The contents of our website referenced herein are not incorporated by reference into this report.

General

Angel Oak Mortgage REIT, Inc. is a real estate finance company focused on acquiring and investing in first lien non-QM loans and other mortgage-related assets in the U.S. mortgage market. Our strategy is to make credit-sensitive investments primarily in newly-originated first lien non-QM loans that are primarily made to higher-quality non-QM loan borrowers and primarily sourced from Angel Oak’s proprietary mortgage lending platform, Angel Oak Mortgage Lending, which currently operates primarily through a wholesale channel and has a national origination footprint. We also may invest in other residential mortgage loans, RMBS, and other mortgage-related assets, which, collectively with non-QM loans, we refer to as our target assets. Further, we also may identify and acquire our target assets through the secondary market when market conditions and asset prices are conducive to making attractive purchases. Our objective is to generate attractive risk-adjusted returns for our stockholders, through cash distributions and capital appreciation, across interest rate and credit cycles.
We are externally managed and advised by our Manager, Falcons I, LLC, a registered investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 and an affiliate of Angel Oak Capital, a leading alternative credit manager with market leadership in mortgage credit that includes asset management, lending and capital markets. Angel Oak Mortgage Lending, an affiliated Angel Oak mortgage origination platform, is a market leader in non‑QM loan production.

Through our relationship with our Manager, we benefit from Angel Oak’s vertically integrated platform and in‑house expertise, providing us with the resources that we believe are necessary to generate attractive risk‑adjusted returns for our stockholders. Angel Oak Mortgage Lending provides us with proprietary access to non‑QM loans, as well as transparency over the underwriting process and the ability to acquire loans with our desired credit and return profile. We believe our ability to identify and acquire target assets through the secondary market is bolstered by Angel Oak’s experience in the mortgage industry and expertise in structured credit investments. In addition, we believe we have significant competitive advantages due to Angel Oak’s analytical investment tools, extensive relationships in the financial community, financing and capital structuring skills, investment surveillance capabilities, and operational expertise.

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We have elected to be taxed as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2019. Commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2019, we believe that we have been organized and operated, and we intend to continue to operate in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (the “Code”). Our qualification as a REIT, and maintenance of such qualification, depends on our ability to meet, on a continuing basis, various complex requirements under the Code relating to, among other things, the sources of our gross income, the composition and values of our assets, our distribution levels, and the concentration of ownership of our stock. We also intend to operate our business in a manner that will allow us to maintain our exclusion from regulation as an investment company under the Investment Company Act. Our common stock commenced trading on the New York Stock Exchange on June 17, 2021.

We expect to derive our returns primarily from the difference between the interest we earn on loans we invest in and our cost of capital, as well as the returns from bonds, including risk retention securities, that are retained after securitizing the underlying loan collateral.

Trends and Recent Developments

Overall macroeconomic environment and its effect on us

2024 kicked off with optimism around federal funds rate cuts over the course of the year, with variability in analyst projections of the number and size of rate reductions. However, in the first quarter, stubborn employment and inflation readings have delayed market expectations for when the Federal Reserve Bank (“Fed”) will begin to cut rates. In its May 2024 meeting, the Fed indicated that it still expects to cut rates in 2024, but the timing has been pushed to later in the year versus the initial analyst consensus.

30 year fixed residential conforming mortgage rates increased over the course of the first quarter, ending just below 7% before increasing back above 7% after the end of the quarter. Additionally, a new set of rules announced in conjunction with a landmark $418 million legal settlement by the National Association of Realtors will prohibit agent’s compensation from being included on multiple listing services (MLS), end a requirement that brokers subscribe to MLS, and introduce a requirement that MLS participants enter into written agreements with their buyers. Taken together, the effect is expected to drive down broker commissions and increase home purchases when implemented in July 2024.
The two-year and five-year Treasury yields each experienced a modest increase of approximately 37 basis points during the first quarter, which, combined with relatively muted volatility, had a limited impact on the valuation of our portfolio. Net of new loan purchases and securitizations, we observed an increase of approximately 124 basis points in the weighted average price of our residential whole loans portfolio during the first quarter. Additionally, we have increased the weighted average coupon of our residential whole loans portfolio by 33 basis points since the end of 2023 to 7.11% as of the end of the first quarter of 2024. The AOMT 2024-4 securitization executed subsequent to March 31, 2024 reduced the unpaid principal balance of our residential whole loans portfolio by over 75%. Consistent with our loan acquisition and securitization process, we are refilling the balance of our residential whole loans portfolio with high-quality, current market coupon loans that we expect to contribute to future securitization transactions.

Our investment performance

Net Interest Margin (“NIM”). Despite holding fewer target assets in the first quarter of 2024 as compared to the first quarter of 2023, an increase in the yield of our target assets generated greater interest income than the first quarter of 2023. Borrowings on our whole loan portfolio decreased as well, reducing our overall interest expense, despite continued high variable interest rates in the first quarter of 2024 compared to the first quarter of 2023.

Net realized loss. Our net realized loss for the quarter ended March 31, 2024 was primarily due to a realized loss on the sale of whole loans contributed into the AOMT 2024-3 securitization in which we participated. As this securitization did not result in consolidation of the AOMT 2024-3 VIE entity, we recognized a loss on the sale of these loans. This was partially offset by realized gains on the economic hedges of our interest rate futures and To-Be-Announced (“TBA”) securities.

Net unrealized gain. Our net unrealized gain in the first quarter of 2024 was primarily due to an increase in the valuation of our residential whole loans and loans in securitization trust portfolios, as well as the reversal of the unrealized loss (and thereby the recognition of net realized loss discussed above) on the sale of residential mortgage loans into the AOMT 2024-3 securitization.

Whole loans and securitization activity

During the quarter ended March 31, 2024, we purchased $43.2 million of newly-originated, current market coupon non-QM residential mortgage loans, with a weighted average coupon of 8.14%, weighted average loan-to-value ratio (“LTV”)of 68.7% and weighted average credit score of 747.

In March 2024, we participated in AOMT 2024-3, an approximately $439.6 million scheduled principal balance securitization backed by a pool of residential mortgage loans, to which we contributed loans with a scheduled unpaid principal balance of approximately $48.7 million. We participated in this securitization alongside other Angel Oak entities, and may strategically enter into similar securitizations in the future.

Subsequent to March 31, 2024, we issued AOMT 2024-4, an approximately $300 million scheduled principal balance securitization backed by a pool of residential mortgage loans. We issued AOMT 2024-4 as the sole participant in the securitization. As the primary
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beneficiary we have consolidated the AOMT 2024-4 securitization, maintaining the residential mortgage loans held in the securitization trust and the related financing obligation thereto on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of the applicable balance sheet date.

Whole loan financing facilities activity

We continuously evaluate our lender base and may enter into new agreements and / or exit agreements as we deem prudent, in accordance with our core financial strategy of purchasing whole loans and financing them until securitized. See Liquidity and Capital Resources, for a full description of our financing arrangements. Our total borrowing capacity was $1.1 billion as of March 31, 2024 Highlights of whole loan financing facilities activity over the first quarter of 2024 are as follows:

During the quarter ended March 31, 2024, we maintained the same whole loan financing facility lender base as of December 31, 2023.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2024, we (i) renewed our loan financing facility with Multinational Bank 1 in accordance with the mechanism for six-month renewal periods simultaneously decreasing the interest rate pricing margin and (ii) replaced our existing $250 million loan financing facility with Global Investment Bank 2 with a new $250 million loan financing facility with Global Investment Bank 2.

Key Financial Metrics

As a real estate finance company, we believe the key financial measures and indicators for our business are Distributable Earnings, Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity, Book Value per Share of Common Stock, and Economic Book Value per Share of Common Stock.

Distributable Earnings

Distributable Earnings is a non‑GAAP measure and is defined as net income (loss) allocable to common stockholders as calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”), excluding (1) unrealized gains and losses on our aggregate portfolio, (2) impairment losses, (3) extinguishment of debt, (4) non-cash equity compensation expense, (5) the incentive fee earned by our Manager, (6) realized gains or losses on swap terminations and (7) certain other nonrecurring gains or losses. We believe that the presentation of Distributable Earnings provides investors with a useful measure to facilitate comparisons of financial performance among our REIT peers, but has important limitations. We believe Distributable Earnings as described above helps evaluate our financial performance without the impact of certain transactions but is of limited usefulness as an analytical tool. As a REIT, we are generally required to distribute at least 90% of our annual REIT taxable income and to pay U.S. federal income tax at the regular corporate rate to the extent that we annually distribute less than 100% of such taxable income. Given these requirements and our belief that dividends are generally one of the principal reasons that stockholders invest in our common stock, generally we intend to attempt to pay dividends to our stockholders in an amount equal to our REIT taxable income, if and to the extent authorized by our Board of Directors. Distributable Earnings is one of a number of factors considered by our Board of Directors in declaring dividends and, while not a direct measure of REIT taxable income, over time, the measure can be considered a useful indicator of our dividends. Distributable Earnings should not be viewed in isolation and is not a substitute for net income computed in accordance with GAAP. Our methodology for calculating Distributable Earnings may differ from the methodologies employed by other REITs to calculate the same or similar supplemental performance measures, and as a result, our Distributable Earnings may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other REITs.

We also use Distributable Earnings to determine the incentive fee, if any, payable to our Manager pursuant to the management agreement (the “Management Agreement”) that we and the Operating Partnership entered into with our Manager upon the completion of our IPO on June 21, 2021. For information on the fees that are payable to our Manager under the Management Agreement, see “Note 10 – Related Party Transactions” in our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report.
Distributable Earnings were approximately a gain of $2.8 million and a loss of $9.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. The primary drivers of this quarter’s Distributable Earnings as compared to GAAP net income are the adjustments to remove unrealized gains associated with our residential loans and residential loans in securitization trusts and non-recourse securitization obligation portfolios.

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The table below sets forth a reconciliation of net income (loss) allocable to common stockholders, calculated in accordance with GAAP, to Distributable Earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 31, 2023
(in thousands)
Net income (loss) allocable to common stockholders$12,874 $530 
Adjustments:
Net unrealized (gains) losses on trading securities(1,605)
Net unrealized (gains) losses on derivatives(445)24,536 
Net unrealized (gains) losses on residential loans in securitization trusts and non-recourse securitization obligation(5,147)6,327 
Net unrealized (gains) losses on residential loans(5,071)(39,437)
Net unrealized (gains) losses on commercial loans(22)(11)
Non-cash equity compensation expense630 541 
Distributable Earnings$2,820 $(9,119)

Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity

Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity is a non-GAAP measure and is defined as annual or annualized Distributable Earnings divided by average total stockholders’ equity. We believe that the presentation of Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity provides investors with a useful measure to facilitate comparisons of financial performance among our REIT peers, but has important limitations. Additionally, we believe Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity provides investors with additional detail on the Distributable Earnings generated by our invested equity capital. We believe Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity as described above helps evaluate our financial performance without the impact of certain transactions but is of limited usefulness as an analytical tool. Therefore, Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity should not be viewed in isolation and is not a substitute for net income computed in accordance with GAAP. Our methodology for calculating Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity may differ from the methodologies employed by other REITs to calculate the same or similar supplemental performance measures, and as a result, our Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other REITs. Set forth below is our computation of Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 31, 2023
($ in thousands)
Annualized Distributable Earnings$11,280 $(36,476)
Average total stockholders’ equity259,715 240,684 
Distributable Earnings Return on Average Equity4.3 %(15.2)%

Book Value per Share of Common Stock

The following table sets forth the calculation of our book value per share of common stock as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:

March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(in thousands except for share and per share data)
Total stockholders’ equity$263,324 $256,106 
Number of shares of common stock outstanding at period end24,965,274 24,965,274 
Book value per share of common stock$10.55 $10.26 

Economic Book Value per Share of Common Stock

“Economic book value” is a non-GAAP financial measure of our financial position. To calculate our economic book value, the portions of our non-recourse financing obligation held at amortized cost are adjusted to fair value. These adjustments are also reflected in the table below in our end of period total stockholders’ equity. Management considers economic book value to provide investors with a useful supplemental measure to evaluate our financial position as it reflects the impact of fair value changes for our legally held retained bonds, irrespective of the accounting model applied for GAAP reporting purposes. Economic book value does not represent and should not be
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considered as a substitute for book value per share of common stock or stockholders’ equity, as determined in accordance with GAAP, and our calculation of this measure may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

The following table sets forth a reconciliation from GAAP total stockholders’ equity and book value per share of common stock to economic book value and economic book value per share of common stock as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:

March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(in thousands except for share and per share data)
GAAP total stockholders’ equity$263,324 $256,106 
Adjustments:
Fair value adjustment for securitized debt held at amortized cost80,599 81,942 
Stockholders’ equity including economic book value adjustments$343,923 $338,048 
Number of shares of common stock outstanding at period end24,965,274 24,965,274 
Book value per share of common stock$10.55 $10.26 
Economic book value per share of common stock$13.78 $13.54 


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Results of Operations

Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

The following table sets forth a summary of our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 31, 2023
(in thousands)
INTEREST INCOME, NET
Interest income$25,212 $23,740 
Interest expense16,633 16,941 
NET INTEREST INCOME$8,579 $6,799 
REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAINS (LOSSES), NET
Net realized gain (loss) on mortgage loans, derivative contracts, RMBS, and CMBS$(1,422)$(10,843)
Net unrealized gain (loss) on trading securities, mortgage loans, debt at fair value option (see Financial Statements — Note 2), and derivative contracts10,684 10,190 
TOTAL REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAINS (LOSSES), NET$9,262 $(653)
EXPENSES
Operating expenses$1,999 $2,204 
Operating expenses incurred with affiliate515 466 
Due diligence and transaction costs49 — 
Stock compensation630 541 
Securitization costs174 883 
Management fee incurred with affiliate1,313 1,522 
Total operating expenses$4,680 $5,616 
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES$13,161 $530 
Income tax expense287 — 
NET INCOME (LOSS) ALLOCABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS$12,874 $530 
Other comprehensive income (loss)1,703 14,804 
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)$14,577 $15,334 

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