10-Q 1 avgo-02032019x10q.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(MARK ONE)
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended February 3, 2019
OR
¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
 
 
Broadcom Inc.
 
 
 
 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Delaware
 
001-38449
 
35-2617337
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(Commission file Number)

 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
1320 Ridder Park Drive
San Jose, CA 95131-2313
(408) 433-8000
 
 
 
 
(Address, including zip code, of
principal executive offices and registrant’s
telephone number, including area code)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES þ NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). YES þ NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
þ
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
Smaller reporting company
o
Emerging growth company
o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES o NO þ
As of March 1, 2019, there were 395,845,660 shares of our common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.





BROADCOM INC.
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended February 3, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS



PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements — Unaudited
BROADCOM INC.
INDEX TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

1


BROADCOM INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS — UNAUDITED
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
November 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions, except par value)
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
5,093

 
$
4,292

Trade accounts receivable, net
 
3,677

 
3,325

Inventory
 
1,074


1,124

Other current assets
 
760


366

Total current assets
 
10,604

 
9,107

Long-term assets:
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
 
2,684

 
2,635

Goodwill
 
36,647

 
26,913

Intangible assets, net
 
21,493

 
10,762

Other long-term assets
 
682


707

Total assets
 
$
72,110

 
$
50,124

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
738

 
$
811

Employee compensation and benefits
 
463

 
715

Current portion of long-term debt
 
3,537

 

Other current liabilities
 
3,611


812

Total current liabilities
 
8,349

 
2,338

Long-term liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
 
34,104

 
17,493

Other long-term liabilities
 
6,433


3,636

Total liabilities
 
48,886

 
23,467

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
 


 


Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 100 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding as of February 3, 2019 or November 4, 2018
 

 

Common stock and additional paid-in capital, $0.001 par value; 2,900 shares authorized; 396 and 408 shares issued and outstanding as of February 3, 2019 and November 4, 2018, respectively
 
23,081

 
23,285

Retained earnings
 
259

 
3,487

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(116
)
 
(115
)
Total stockholders’ equity
 
23,224

 
26,657

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
72,110

 
$
50,124


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


2


BROADCOM INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS — UNAUDITED
 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
February 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions, except per share data)
Net revenue:
 
 
 
 
Products
 
$
4,639

 
$
5,108

Subscriptions and services
 
1,150

 
219

Total net revenue
 
5,789

 
5,327

Cost of revenue:
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
 
1,554

 
1,876

Cost of subscriptions and services
 
138

 
23

Purchase accounting effect on inventory
 

 
70

Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets
 
833

 
715

Restructuring charges
 
56

 
15

Total cost of revenue
 
2,581

 
2,699

Gross margin
 
3,208

 
2,628

Research and development
 
1,133

 
925

Selling, general and administrative
 
471

 
291

Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets
 
476

 
339

Restructuring, impairment and disposal charges
 
573

 
130

Total operating expenses
 
2,653

 
1,685

Operating income
 
555

 
943

Interest expense
 
(345
)
 
(183
)
Other income, net
 
68

 
35

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
 
278

 
795

Benefit from income taxes
 
(203
)
 
(5,786
)
Income from continuing operations
 
481

 
6,581

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
 
(10
)
 
(15
)
Net income
 
471

 
6,566

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 

 
336

Net income attributable to common stock
 
$
471

 
$
6,230

 
 
 
 
 
Basic income (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
Income per share from continuing operations
 
$
1.20

 
$
15.23

Loss per share from discontinued operations
 
(0.03
)
 
(0.03
)
Net income per share
 
$
1.17

 
$
15.20

 
 
 
 
 
Diluted income (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
Income per share from continuing operations
 
$
1.15

 
$
14.66

Loss per share from discontinued operations
 
(0.03
)
 
(0.04
)
Net income per share
 
$
1.12

 
$
14.62

 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares:
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
401

 
410

Diluted
 
419

 
426

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


BROADCOM INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME — UNAUDITED
 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
February 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Net income
 
$
471

 
$
6,566

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on available-for-sale investments
 

 
9

Other comprehensive income
 

 
9

Comprehensive income
 
471

 
6,575

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 

 
336

Comprehensive income attributable to common stock
 
$
471

 
$
6,239

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


4


BROADCOM INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS — UNAUDITED
 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
February 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
471

 
$
6,566

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Amortization of intangible assets
 
1,316

 
1,058

Depreciation
 
143

 
126

Stock-based compensation
 
465

 
299

Deferred taxes and other non-cash taxes
 
(379
)
 
(5,832
)
Non-cash restructuring, impairment and disposal charges
 
92

 
5

Non-cash interest expense
 
13

 
6

Other
 
(21
)
 
3

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and disposals:
 
 
 
 
Trade accounts receivable, net
 
68

 
199

Inventory
 
50

 
250

Accounts payable
 
(169
)
 
(403
)
Employee compensation and benefits
 
(458
)
 
(376
)
Contributions to defined benefit pension plans
 

 
(129
)
Other current assets and current liabilities
 
506

 
284

Other long-term assets and long-term liabilities
 
35

 
(371
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
2,132

 
1,685

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired
 
(16,027
)
 
(4,786
)
Proceeds from sales of businesses
 
957

 
782

Purchases of property, plant and equipment
 
(99
)
 
(220
)
Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment
 

 
237

Purchases of investments
 

 
(244
)
Other
 
(24
)
 
4

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(15,193
)
 
(4,227
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
 
17,896

 

Repayment of debt
 

 
(856
)
Payment of debt issuance costs
 
(46
)
 

Other borrowings
 
531

 

Dividend and distribution payments
 
(1,067
)
 
(755
)
Repurchases of common stock - repurchase program
 
(3,436
)
 

Shares repurchased for tax withholdings on vesting of equity awards
 
(77
)
 

Issuance of common stock
 
62

 
34

Other
 
(1
)
 
(9
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
 
13,862

 
(1,586
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
 
801

 
(4,128
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
4,292

 
11,204

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
5,093

 
$
7,076

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


BROADCOM INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY — UNAUDITED

 
 
Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
and Additional
Paid-in Capital
 
Retained
Earnings/(Accumulated Deficit)
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Total
Broadcom Inc.
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
Total
Equity
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Balance as of November 4, 2018
 

 
$

 
408

 
$
23,285

 
$
3,487

 
$
(115
)
 
$
26,657

 
$

 
$
26,657

Net income
 

 

 

 

 
471

 

 
471

 

 
471

Cumulative effect of accounting changes
 

 

 

 

 
8

 
(1
)
 
7

 

 
7

Fair value of partially vested equity awards assumed in connection with the acquisition of CA, Inc.
 

 

 

 
67

 

 

 
67

 

 
67

Cash dividends declared and paid to stockholders
 

 

 

 

 
(1,067
)
 

 
(1,067
)
 

 
(1,067
)
Common stock issued
 

 

 
2

 
62

 

 

 
62

 

 
62

Stock-based compensation
 

 

 

 
540

 

 

 
540

 

 
540

Repurchases of common stock
 

 

 
(14
)
 
(796
)
 
(2,640
)
 

 
(3,436
)
 

 
(3,436
)
Shares repurchased for tax withholdings on vesting of equity awards
 

 

 

 
(77
)
 

 

 
(77
)
 

 
(77
)
Balance as of February 3, 2019
 

 
$

 
396

 
$
23,081

 
$
259

 
$
(116
)
 
$
23,224

 
$

 
$
23,224

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of October 29, 2017
 
22

 
$

 
409

 
$
20,505

 
$
(129
)
 
$
(91
)
 
$
20,285

 
$
2,901

 
$
23,186

Net income
 

 

 

 

 
6,230

 

 
6,230

 
336

 
6,566

Other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 

 

 
9

 
9

 

 
9

Cumulative effect of accounting changes
 

 

 

 

 
(252
)
 

 
(252
)
 
(14
)
 
(266
)
Fair value of partially vested equity awards assumed in connection with the acquisition of Brocade Communications Systems, Inc.
 

 

 

 
8

 

 

 
8

 

 
8

Cash dividends declared and paid to stockholders
 

 

 

 

 
(717
)
 

 
(717
)
 

 
(717
)
Cash distribution declared and paid by Broadcom Cayman L.P. on exchangeable limited partnership units
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(38
)
 
(38
)
Exchange of exchangeable limited partnership units for common stock
 

 

 

 
5

 

 

 
5

 
(5
)
 

Common stock issued
 

 

 
1

 
34

 

 

 
34

 

 
34

Stock-based compensation
 

 

 

 
299

 

 

 
299

 

 
299

Balance as of February 4, 2018
 
22

 
$

 
410

 
$
20,851

 
$
5,132

 
$
(82
)
 
$
25,901

 
$
3,180

 
$
29,081

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


BROADCOM INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Overview, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
Overview
Broadcom Inc., or Broadcom, a Delaware corporation, is the successor to Broadcom Limited (now Broadcom Pte. Ltd.), a Singapore company, or Broadcom-Singapore. On April 4, 2018, all Broadcom-Singapore outstanding ordinary shares were exchanged for newly issued shares of Broadcom Inc. common stock, or the Redomiciliation Transaction. As a result, Broadcom-Singapore became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Broadcom Inc. In addition, all outstanding exchangeable limited partnership units, or LP Units, of Broadcom Cayman L.P., or the Partnership, were mandatorily exchanged, or the Mandatory Exchange, for newly issued shares of Broadcom Inc. common stock and all limited partners of the Partnership became common stockholders of Broadcom Inc. Also, all related outstanding special preference shares of Broadcom-Singapore were automatically redeemed upon the Mandatory Exchange. The limited partners no longer hold a noncontrolling interest and we deregistered the Partnership.
The Redomiciliation Transaction was accounted for as an exchange of equity interests among entities under common control and the historical basis of accounting was retained as if the entities had always been combined for financial reporting purposes.
The financial statements for periods prior to April 4, 2018, the effective date of the Redomiciliation Transaction, relate to Broadcom-Singapore and relate to Broadcom Inc. for periods after April 4, 2018. Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to “Broadcom,” “we,” “our” and “us” mean Broadcom Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries from and after the effective time of the Redomiciliation Transaction and, prior to that time, to our predecessor, Broadcom-Singapore.
We are a global technology leader that designs, develops and supplies a broad range of semiconductor and infrastructure software solutions. We develop semiconductor devices with a focus on complex digital and mixed signal complementary metal oxide semiconductor based devices and analog III-V based products. We have a history of innovation and offer thousands of products that are used in end products such as enterprise and data center networking, home connectivity, set-top boxes, broadband access, telecommunication equipment, smartphones and base stations, data center servers and storage systems, factory automation, power generation and alternative energy systems, and electronic displays. Our infrastructure software solutions enable customers to plan, develop, automate, manage and secure applications across mobile, cloud, distributed and mainframe platforms.
On November 5, 2018, we acquired CA, Inc., or CA, for $16.1 billion, net of cash acquired, or the CA Merger. CA was a leading provider of information technology management software and solutions. The results of operations of CA are included in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements commencing as of November 5, 2018, or the CA Acquisition Date. See Note 3. “Acquisitions” for additional information.
Subsequent to the CA Merger, we changed our organizational structure, resulting in three reportable segments: semiconductor solutions, infrastructure software and intellectual property, or IP, licensing. Prior period segment results have been recast to conform to the current presentation. See Note 10. “Segment Information” for additional information.
Basis of Presentation
We operate on a 52- or 53-week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to October 31 in a 52-week year and the first Sunday in November in a 53-week year. Our fiscal year ending November 3, 2019, or fiscal year 2019, is a 52-week fiscal year. The first quarter of our fiscal year 2019 ended on February 3, 2019, the second quarter ends on May 5, 2019 and the third quarter ends on August 4, 2019. Our fiscal year ended November 4, 2018, or fiscal year 2018, was a 53-week fiscal year, with our first fiscal quarter containing 14 weeks.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Broadcom and our subsidiaries, and have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or GAAP, for interim financial information. The financial information included herein is unaudited, and reflects all adjustments which are, in the opinion of our management, of a normal recurring nature and necessary for a fair statement of the results for the periods presented. The November 4, 2018 condensed consolidated balance sheet data were derived from Broadcom’s audited consolidated financial statements included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, but do not include all disclosures required by GAAP. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. The operating results for the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for fiscal year 2019, or for any other future period.

7


Significant Accounting Policies
Use of estimates. The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and such differences could affect the results of operations reported in future periods.
Reclassifications. Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior period condensed consolidated statement of operations and statement of cash flows to conform to current period presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on previously reported net income or net cash activities.
Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, we adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, guidance issued in March 2017 that requires an employer to present the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost in the same income statement line item as other employee compensation costs arising from services rendered during the period. Other components of the net periodic benefit cost are presented separately from the service cost component. We adopted the guidance using a permitted practical expedient that uses the amounts disclosed in the pension and other post-retirement benefit plans note for the prior comparative periods as the estimation basis for applying the retrospective presentation requirements. The adoption did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated statements of operations presented herein.
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, we adopted the guidance issued in January 2016 that changes the accounting for equity investments, financial liabilities under the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. This guidance requires the remeasurement of equity investments not accounted for under the equity method to be measured at fair value and any changes in fair value recognized in net income. The guidance allows for election of a measurement alternative for equity securities without readily determinable fair values to be measured at costs less impairment, adjusted for observable price changes. We adopted this guidance using the modified retrospective method for our marketable equity securities and a prospective approach for non-marketable equity securities using the measurement alternative. Upon adoption, we recognized an $8 million increase to retained earnings and a $1 million increase to accumulated other comprehensive loss. During the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019, we also recognized $27 million of unrealized gains on equity securities within other income, net in our condensed consolidated statement of operations.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, or Topic 606. We adopted Topic 606 effective November 5, 2018 using the modified retrospective method. Reporting periods prior to the adoption of the new revenue standard are presented in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 605, Revenue Recognition, or Topic 605, while reporting periods after adoption are presented in accordance with the new revenue standard. The cumulative effect adjustment as of November 5, 2018 to retained earnings was not significant. See Note 2. "Revenue from Contracts with Customers" for further information related to adoption of the new revenue standard, including our updated revenue accounting policies and accounting policies for costs to obtain and fulfill a contract with a customer. Refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our accounting policies in accordance with Topic 605.
Recent Accounting Guidance Not Yet Adopted
In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance related to the accounting for leases, which among other things, requires a lessee to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for operating leases. This guidance will be effective for the first quarter of our fiscal year 2020. The new guidance is required to be applied using a modified retrospective approach. We are evaluating the impact this guidance will have on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
2. Revenue from Contracts with Customers
We account for a contract with a customer when both parties have approved the contract and are committed to perform their respective obligations, each party’s rights can be identified, payment terms can be identified, the contract has commercial substance, and it is probable we will collect substantially all of the consideration we are entitled to. Revenue is recognized when, or as, performance obligations are satisfied by transferring control of a promised product or service to a customer.
Nature of products and services
Our products and services can be broadly categorized as sales of products and subscriptions and services. The following is a description of the principal activities from which we generate revenue.

8


Products. Under Topic 606, we recognize revenue from sales to direct customers and distributors when control transfers to the customer. Rebates and incentives offered to distributors, which are earned when sales to end customers are completed, are estimated at the point of revenue recognition. We have elected to exclude from the transaction price any taxes collected from a customer and to account for shipping and handling activities performed after a customer obtains control of the product as activities to fulfill the promise to transfer the product.
Subscriptions and services. Our subscriptions and services revenue consists of sales and royalties from software arrangements, support services, professional services, transfer of IP, and non-recurring engineering, or NRE, arrangements.
Revenue from software arrangements primarily consists of fees, which may be paid either at contract inception or in installments over the contract term, that provide customers with a right to use the software, access general support and maintenance, and utilize our professional services.
Our software licenses have standalone functionality from which customers derive benefit, and the customer obtains control of the software when it is delivered or made available for download. We believe that for the majority of software arrangements, customers derive significant benefit from the ongoing support we provide. Our CA-related subscriptions and services arrangements permit our customers to unilaterally terminate or cancel these arrangements at any time at the customer’s convenience, referred to as termination for convenience provisions, without substantive termination penalty and receive a pro-rata refund of any prepaid fees. Accordingly, we account for arrangements with these termination for convenience provisions as a series of daily contracts, resulting in a ratable revenue recognition of software revenue over the contractual period.
Support services consist primarily of telephone support and the provision of unspecified updates and upgrades on a when-and-if-available basis. Support services represent stand-ready obligations for which revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the arrangement.
Professional services consist of implementation, consulting, customer education and customer training services. The obligation to provide professional services is generally satisfied over time, with the customer simultaneously receiving and consuming the benefits as we satisfy our performance obligations.
Rights to our IP are either sold or licensed to a customer. IP revenue recognition is dependent on the nature and terms of each agreement. We recognize IP revenue upon delivery of the IP if there are no substantive future obligations to perform under the arrangement. Sales-based or usage-based royalties from the license of IP are recognized at the later of the period the sales or usages occur or the satisfaction of the performance obligation to which some or all of the sales-based or usage-based royalties have been allocated.
There are two main categories of NRE contracts which we enter into with our customers; (a) NRE contracts in which we develop a custom chip and (b) NRE contracts in which we accelerate our development of a new chip upon the customer’s request. The majority of our NRE contract revenues meet the over time criteria under Topic 606. As such, revenue is recognized over the development period with the measure of progress using the input method based on costs incurred to total cost (cost-to-cost) as the services are provided. For NRE contracts that do not meet the over time criteria under Topic 606, revenue is recognized at a point in time when the NRE services are complete.
Material rights. Contracts with customers may also include material rights which are also performance obligations. These include the right to renew or receive products or services at a discounted price in the future. Revenue allocated to material rights is recognized when the customer exercises the right or the right expires.
Arrangements with multiple performance obligations
Our contracts may contain more than one of the products and services listed above, each of which is separately accounted for as a distinct performance obligation.
Allocation of consideration. We allocate total contract consideration to each distinct performance obligation in a bundled arrangement on a relative standalone selling price basis. The standalone selling price reflects the price we would charge for a specific product or service if it were sold separately in similar circumstances and to similar customers.
Standalone selling price. When available, we use directly observable transactions to determine the standalone selling prices for performance obligations. Our estimates of standalone selling price for each performance obligation require judgment that considers multiple factors, including, but not limited to, historical discounting trends for products and services and pricing practices through different sales channels, gross margin objectives, internal costs, competitor pricing strategies, technology lifecycles and market conditions.
We separately determine the standalone selling prices by product or service type. Additionally, we segment the standalone selling prices for products where the pricing strategies differ, and where there are differences in customers and circumstances that warrant segmentation.

9


We also estimate the standalone selling price of our material rights. Lastly, we estimate the value of the customer’s option to purchase or receive additional products or services at a discounted price by estimating the incremental discount the customer would obtain when exercising the option and the likelihood that the option would be exercised.
Warranty. We provide only assurance-type warranties on our products to our customers. As a result, we accrue for the estimated costs of product warranties at the time revenue is recognized. Product warranty costs are estimated based upon our historical experience and specific identification of the products requirements, which may fluctuate based on product mix. Additionally, we accrue for warranty costs associated with occasional or unanticipated product quality issues if a loss is probable and can be reasonably estimated.
Other policies and judgments
Significant financing component. Payment terms and conditions vary by contract, although terms generally include a requirement of payment within a specified period. In certain arrangements, we receive payment from a customer either before or after the performance obligation has been satisfied. The timing difference between the payment and satisfaction of performance obligations for the vast majority of our contracts is one year or less; therefore, for those contracts, we apply a practical expedient and do not consider the effects of the time value of money.
Contract modifications. We may modify contracts to offer customers additional products or services. Each of the additional products and services are generally considered distinct from those products or services transferred to the customer before the modification. We evaluate whether the contract price for the additional products and services reflects the standalone selling price as adjusted for facts and circumstances applicable to that contract. In these cases, we account for the additional products or services as a separate contract. In other cases where the pricing in the modification does not reflect the standalone selling price as adjusted for facts and circumstances applicable to that contract, we account for the additional products or services as part of the existing contract on a prospective basis, on a cumulative catch-up basis, or on a combination of both based on the nature of modification. In instances where the pricing in the modification offers the customer a credit for a prior arrangement, we adjust our variable consideration reserves for returns and other concessions.
Right of return. Certain contracts contain a right of return that allows the customer to cancel all or a portion of the product or service and receive a credit. We estimate returns based on historical returns data which is constrained to an amount for which a material revenue reversal is not probable. We do not recognize revenue for products or services that are expected to be returned.
Transition practical expedient elected. We do not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less and (ii) contracts for which we recognize revenue at the amount to which we have the right to invoice for services performed. For contracts that were modified before the beginning of the earliest reporting period presented, we have not retrospectively restated the contract for those modifications in accordance with Topic 606. We have disclosed the aggregate effect of all modifications when identifying the satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations for purposes of determining the transaction price and allocating the transaction price at transition.
Disaggregation
We have considered 1) information that is regularly reviewed by our Chief Executive Officer, who has been identified as the Chief Operating Decision Maker, or the CODM, as defined by the authoritative guidance on segment reporting, in evaluating financial performance and 2) disclosures presented outside of our financial statements in our earnings releases and used in investor presentations to disaggregate revenues. The principal category we use to disaggregate revenues is the nature of our products and subscriptions and services, as presented in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. In addition, revenues by reportable segment are presented in Note 10. "Segment Information".
The following table presents revenue disaggregated by type of revenue and by region.
 
 
Americas
 
Asia Pacific
 
Europe, the Middle East and Africa
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
 
Products
 
$
617

 
$
3,720

 
$
302

 
$
4,639

Subscriptions and services*
 
816

 
114

 
220

 
1,150

Total
 
$
1,433

 
$
3,834

 
$
522

 
$
5,789

________________________________
* Subscriptions and services predominantly includes software licenses with termination for convenience clauses.

10


Contract Balances
Contract assets and contract liabilities balances for the periods indicated below were as follows:
 
 
Contract Assets
 
Contract Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Opening balance November 5, 2018*
 
$
18

 
$
272

 
 
 
 
 
Closing balance February 3, 2019
 
$
173

 
$
2,209

________________________________
* We adopted Topic 606 immediately prior to the CA Merger. Accordingly, the opening balance does not include contract assets or contract liabilities associated with CA.
The difference in the opening and closing balances of our contract assets and contract liabilities primarily results from the timing difference between our performance and the customer’s payment. We fulfill our obligations under a contract with a customer by transferring products and services in exchange for consideration from the customer. We recognize a contract asset when we transfer products or services to a customer and the right to consideration is conditional on something other than the passage of time. Accounts receivable are recorded when the customer has been billed or the right to consideration is unconditional. We recognized contract liabilities when we have received consideration or an amount of consideration is due from the customer and we have a future obligation to transfer products or services. Contract liabilities include amounts billed or collected and advanced payments on contracts or arrangements which may include termination for convenience provisions. The amount of revenue recognized during the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019 that was included in the contract liabilities balance as of November 5, 2018 was $93 million.
Remaining Performance Obligations
Revenue allocated to remaining performance obligations represents the transaction price allocated to the performance obligations that are unsatisfied, or partially unsatisfied. It includes unearned revenue and amounts that will be invoiced and recognized as revenue in future periods and does not include CA contracts where the customer is not committed. The customer is not considered committed where they are able to terminate for convenience without payment of a substantive penalty and this has been extended to all CA customers, either contractually or through customary business practice. Additionally, as a practical expedient, we have not included contracts which have an original duration of one year or less nor have we included contract with sales-based and usage-based royalties promised in exchange for a license of intellectual property.
Because the substantial majority of our customer contracts allow our customers to terminate for convenience or have an original duration of one year or less, the total amount of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations as of February 3, 2019 was not significant. Since our customers generally may not exercise their termination for convenience rights and the majority of the contracts we execute for products, as well as subscription and services, have a duration of one year or less, our remaining performance obligations are not indicative of revenue for future periods.
Contract Costs
We have applied the practical expedient to expense commission costs as incurred for costs to obtain a contract when the amortization period would have been one year or less. As a result, no commission costs are capitalized.
We have a policy to recognize an asset from the costs incurred to fulfill a contract that are not within the scope of another accounting literature. We have not incurred any costs to fulfill a contract that fall within the guidance and, as a result, no costs to fulfill a contract have been capitalized.
Changes in Accounting Policies
Except for the changes below, we have consistently applied the accounting policies to all periods presented in these condensed consolidated financial statements. We adopted Topic 606 with an initial application date of November 5, 2018. As a result, we have changed our accounting policy for revenue recognition as detailed above.
We applied Topic 606 using the modified retrospective method for all contracts not completed as of the date of adoption. For contracts that were modified before the effective date, we reflected the aggregate effect of all modifications when identifying the performance obligations and allocating the transaction price at transition, which did not have a material effect on the adjustment to retained earnings as of November 5, 2018.

11


Financial Statement Impact of Adopting Topic 606
We adopted Topic 606 using the modified retrospective method. The cumulative effect of applying the new guidance to all contracts with customers that were not completed by November 4, 2018 was recorded as an adjustment to retained earnings as of adoption on November 5, 2018. We adopted Topic 606 immediately prior to the CA Merger. Accordingly, the adoption adjustments presented below excluded CA. As a result of applying the modified retrospective method, the following adjustments were made to selected condensed consolidated balance sheet line items as of November 5, 2018:
Balance Sheet
 
November 4,
2018
 
Adjustments Due to Topic 606
 
November 5,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade accounts receivable, net
 
$
3,325

 
$
11

 
$
3,336

Other current assets
 
$
366

 
$
10

 
$
376

Other long-term assets
 
$
707

 
$
20

 
$
727

LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other current liabilities
 
$
812

 
$
35

 
$
847

Other long-term liabilities
 
$
3,636

 
$
6

 
$
3,642

Impact of New Revenue Guidance on Net Revenue
The following table compares net revenue for the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019 to the pro forma amounts had the previous guidance been in effect. No other amounts in the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019 or in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of February 3, 2019 were significantly affected by the new revenue guidance.
 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended February 3, 2019
Statement of Operations
 
Proforma as if the previous accounting was in effect
 
Effect of Change
Higher/(Lower)
 
As Reported
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Products
 
$
4,639

 
$

 
$
4,639

Subscriptions and services
 
1,006

 
144

 
1,150

Total net revenue
 
$
5,645

 
$
144

 
$
5,789

3. Acquisitions
Acquisition of CA, Inc.
On November 5, 2018, we acquired CA, which was a leading provider of information technology management software and solutions. We acquired CA to enhance our infrastructure software capabilities. We financed the CA Merger with the net proceeds from borrowings under the new term loans, as discussed in further detail in Note 7. “Borrowings,” as well as with cash on hand of the combined companies.
Purchase Consideration
 
 
(In millions)
Cash paid for outstanding CA common stock
 
$
18,402

Cash paid by Broadcom to retire CA’s term loan
 
274

Cash paid for vested CA equity awards
 
101

Fair value of partially vested assumed equity awards
 
67

Total purchase consideration
 
18,844

Less: cash acquired
 
2,750

Total purchase consideration, net of cash acquired
 
$
16,094


12


All vested in-the-money CA stock options, after giving effect to any acceleration, and all outstanding deferred stock units were cashed out upon the completion of the CA Merger. We assumed all unvested CA equity awards held by continuing employees. The portion of the fair value of partially vested equity awards associated with prior service of CA employees represents a component of the total consideration as presented above. Partially vested assumed equity awards were valued based on our share price as of the CA Acquisition Date.
We allocated the purchase price to tangible and identified intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values. The fair value of identified intangible assets acquired was based on estimates and assumptions made by management at the time of acquisition. As additional information becomes available, we may further revise our preliminary purchase price allocation during the remainder of the measurement period (which will not exceed 12 months from the CA Acquisition Date). Any such revisions or changes may be material.
The following table presents our preliminary allocation of the total purchase price, net of cash acquired:
 
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
 
(In millions)
Current assets
 
$
1,692

Goodwill
 
9,734

Intangible assets
 
12,045

Other long-term assets
 
237

Total assets acquired
 
23,708

Other current liabilities
 
(1,966
)
Long-term debt
 
(2,255
)
Other long-term liabilities
 
(3,393
)
Total liabilities assumed
 
(7,614
)
Fair value of net assets acquired
 
$
16,094

Goodwill is primarily attributable to the assembled workforce and anticipated synergies and economies of scale expected from the integration of the CA business. The synergies include certain cost savings, operating efficiencies, and other strategic benefits projected to be achieved as a result of the CA Merger. Goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes.
Current assets included assets held-for-sale related to CA’s Veracode business, which was not aligned with our strategic objectives. On December 31, 2018, we sold this business to Thoma Bravo, LLC, or Thoma Bravo, for cash consideration of $950 million, before working capital adjustments. We do not have any material continuing involvement with this business and have presented its results in discontinued operations. Current assets also included $102 million of real properties held-for-sale.
Revenue attributable to CA has been included in our infrastructure software segment. Transaction costs of $62 million related to the CA Merger were included in selling, general and administrative expense for the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019.
Intangible Assets
 
 
Fair Value
 
Weighted-Average Amortization Periods
 
 
(In millions)
 
(In years)
Developed technology
 
$
4,957

 
6
Customer contracts and related relationships
 
4,190

 
6
Order backlog
 
2,569

 
3
Trade name and other
 
137

 
5
Total identified finite-lived intangible assets
 
11,853

 
 
In-process research and development
 
192

 
N/A
Total identified intangible assets
 
$
12,045

 
 

13


Developed technology relates to products used for mission critical business tools for processes and applications, as well as products used for cloud-based planning, development, management and security tools. We valued the developed technology using the multi-period excess earnings method under the income approach. This method reflects the present value of the projected cash flows that are expected to be generated by the developed technology less charges representing the contribution of other assets to those cash flows. The economic useful life was determined based on the technology cycle related to each developed technology, as well as the cash flows over the forecast period.
Customer contracts and related relationships represent the fair value of future projected revenue that will be derived from sales of products to existing customers of CA. Customer contracts and related relationships were valued using the with-and-without-method under the income approach. In the with-and-without method, the fair value was measured by the difference between the present values of the cash flows with and without the existing customers in place over the period of time necessary to reacquire the customers. The economic useful life was determined by evaluating many factors, including the useful life of other intangible assets, the length of time remaining on the acquired contracts and the historical customer turnover rates.
Order backlog represents business under existing contractual obligations. The fair value of backlog was determined using the multi-period excess earnings method under the income approach based on expected operating cash flows from future contractual revenue. The economic useful life was determined based on the expected life of the backlog and the cash flows over the forecast period.
Trade name relates to the “CA” trade name. The fair value was determined by applying the relief-from-royalty method under the income approach. This method is based on the application of a royalty rate to forecasted revenue under the trade name. The economic useful life was determined based on the expected life of the trade name and the cash flows anticipated over the forecast period.
The fair value of in-process research and development, or IPR&D, was determined using the multi-period excess earnings method under the income approach. This method reflects the present value of the projected cash flows that are expected to be generated by the IPR&D, less charges representing the contribution of other assets to those cash flows.
We believe the amounts of purchased intangible assets recorded above represent the fair values of, and approximate the amounts a market participant would pay for, these intangible assets as of the CA Acquisition Date.
The following table summarizes the details of IPR&D by category:
Description
 
IPR&D
 
Percentage of Completion
 
Estimated Cost to Complete
 
Expected Release Date
(By Fiscal Year)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in millions)
Mainframe
 
$
178

 
67
%
 
$
138

 
2019
Enterprise Solutions
 
$
14

 
63
%
 
$
12

 
2019
Unaudited Pro Forma Information
The following unaudited pro forma financial information presents combined results of operations for each of the periods presented, as if CA had been acquired as of the beginning of fiscal year 2018. The unaudited pro forma information includes adjustments to amortization and depreciation for intangible assets and property, plant and equipment acquired, adjustments to stock-based compensation expense, interest expense for the additional indebtedness incurred to complete the acquisition, restructuring charges related to the acquisition and transaction costs. For the fiscal quarter ended February 4, 2018, non-recurring pro forma adjustments directly attributable to the CA Merger included acquisition costs of $169 million. The unaudited pro forma information presented below is for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of our consolidated results of operations of the combined business had the acquisition actually occurred at the beginning of fiscal year 2018 or of the results of our future operations of the combined business.

14


 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
February 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Pro forma net revenue*
 
$
5,561

 
$
6,166

Pro forma net income attributable to common stock
 
$
795

 
$
4,844

________________________________
* Pro forma net revenue is presented under Topic 606 for the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019 and under Topic 605 for the fiscal quarter ended February 4, 2018.
Acquisition of Brocade Communications Systems, Inc.
On November 17, 2017, we acquired Brocade Communications Systems, Inc., or Brocade. Brocade was a supplier of networking hardware, software and services, including Fibre Channel Storage Area Network solutions and Internet Protocol Networking solutions. We acquired Brocade to enhance our position as a provider of enterprise storage connectivity solutions, to broaden our portfolio for enterprise storage, and to increase our ability to address the evolving needs of our original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, customers.
Unaudited Pro Forma Information
The following unaudited pro forma financial information presents combined results of operations for the period presented, as if Brocade had been acquired as of the beginning of our fiscal year ended October 29, 2017, or fiscal year 2017. The unaudited pro forma information includes adjustments to amortization and depreciation for intangible assets and property, plant and equipment acquired, adjustments to stock-based compensation expense, the purchase accounting effect on inventory acquired, restructuring charges related to the acquisition and transaction costs. The unaudited pro forma information presented below is for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of our consolidated results of operations of the combined business had the acquisition actually occurred at the beginning of fiscal year 2017 or of the results of our future operations of the combined business.
 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
 
February 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Pro forma net revenue*
 
$
5,447

Pro forma net income attributable to common stock
 
$
6,333

________________________________
* Pro forma net revenue is presented under Topic 605 for the fiscal quarter ended February 4, 2018.
4. Supplemental Financial Information
Cash Equivalents
Cash equivalents included $1,111 million and $1,406 million of time deposits as of February 3, 2019 and November 4, 2018, respectively. As of February 3, 2019 and November 4, 2018, cash equivalents also included $318 million and $202 million of money-market funds, respectively. For time deposits, carrying value approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of the instruments. The fair value of money-market funds, which was consistent with their carrying value, was determined using unadjusted prices in active, accessible markets for identical assets, and as such they were classified as Level 1 assets in the fair value hierarchy.

15


Inventory
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
November 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Finished goods
 
$
445

 
$
483

Work-in-process
 
511

 
505

Raw materials
 
118

 
136

Total inventory
 
$
1,074

 
$
1,124

Other Current Assets
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
November 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Prepaid expenses
 
$
304

 
$
243

Other (miscellaneous)
 
456

 
123

Total other current assets
 
$
760

 
$
366

Other Current Liabilities
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
November 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Contract liabilities
 
$
1,692

 
$
164

Notional pooling liabilities
 
549

 

Tax liabilities
 
656

 
162

Other (miscellaneous)
 
714

 
486

Total other current liabilities
 
$
3,611

 
$
812

We use a notional pooling arrangement with an international bank to assist us in the management of global liquidity. Under this arrangement, we maintain either a cash deposit or borrowing position through local currency accounts, so long as the aggregate global pooling position is a notionally calculated net cash deposit.
Other Long-Term Liabilities
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
November 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Unrecognized tax benefits (a) (b)
 
$
3,250

 
$
3,088

Deferred tax liabilities (a)
 
2,076

 
169

Contract liabilities
 
517

 
66

Other (miscellaneous)
 
590

 
313

Total other long-term liabilities
 
$
6,433

 
$
3,636

________________________________
(a) Refer to Note 9. “Income Taxes” for additional information regarding these balances.
(b) Includes accrued interest and penalties.

16


Supplemental Cash Flow Information
 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
February 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Cash paid for interest
 
$
423

 
$
232

Cash paid for income taxes
 
$
95

 
$
109

As of February 3, 2019 and November 4, 2018, we had $44 million and $22 million, respectively, of unpaid purchases of property, plant and equipment included in accounts payable. Amounts reported as unpaid purchases are presented as cash outflows from investing activities for purchases of property, plant and equipment in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows in the period in which they are paid.
5. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Goodwill
 
 
Wired Infrastructure
 
Wireless Communications
 
Enterprise Storage
 
Industrial & Other
 
Semiconductor Solutions
 
Infrastructure Software
 
IP Licensing
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Balance as of November 4, 2018
 
$
17,705

 
$
5,945

 
$
3,112

 
$
151

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
26,913

Reallocation due to change in segments
 
(17,705
)
 
(5,945
)
 
(3,112
)
 
(151
)
 
25,924

 
980

 
9

 

CA Merger
 

 

 

 

 

 
9,734

 

 
9,734

Balance as of February 3, 2019
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
25,924

 
$
10,714

 
$
9

 
$
36,647

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, we changed our organizational structure resulting in three reportable segments: semiconductor solutions, infrastructure software and IP licensing. As a result, we have reassigned the goodwill balance to reflect our new segment structure using a relative fair value allocation approach. Under this approach, the fair value of each segment was determined using a combination of the income approach and the market approach, and was compared to the fair value of the total business immediately prior to the reorganization to arrive at the reassigned goodwill balance.

17


Intangible Assets
 
 
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book
Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
As of February 3, 2019:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchased technology
 
$
20,783

 
$
(7,643
)
 
$
13,140

Customer contracts and related relationships
 
5,982

 
(1,107
)
 
4,875

Order backlog
 
2,569

 
(227
)
 
2,342

Trade names
 
712

 
(189
)
 
523

Other
 
243

 
(63
)
 
180

Intangible assets subject to amortization
 
30,289

 
(9,229
)
 
21,060

IPR&D
 
433

 

 
433

Total
 
$
30,722

 
$
(9,229
)
 
$
21,493

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of November 4, 2018:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchased technology
 
$
15,806

 
$
(6,816
)
 
$
8,990

Customer contracts and related relationships
 
1,792

 
(878
)
 
914

Trade names
 
578

 
(170
)
 
408

Other
 
239

 
(53
)
 
186

Intangible assets subject to amortization
 
18,415

 
(7,917
)
 
10,498

IPR&D
 
264

 

 
264

Total
 
$
18,679

 
$
(7,917
)
 
$
10,762

Based on the amount of intangible assets subject to amortization at February 3, 2019, the expected amortization expense for each of the next five years and thereafter was as follows:
Fiscal Year:
 
Expected Amortization Expense
 
 
(In millions)
2019 (remainder)
 
$
3,918

2020
 
5,024

2021
 
4,121

2022
 
3,153

2023
 
2,156

Thereafter
 
2,688

Total
 
$
21,060

The weighted-average remaining amortization periods by intangible asset category were as follows:
Amortizable intangible assets:
 
February 3,
2019
 
 
(In years)
Purchased technology
 
6
Customer contracts and related relationships
 
6
Order backlog
 
3
Trade names
 
10
Other
 
10

18


6. Net Income Per Share
Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to common stock by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to common stock by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock and potentially dilutive shares of common stock outstanding during the period.
Diluted shares outstanding include the dilutive effect of in-the-money stock options, unvested restricted stock units, or RSUs, and employee stock purchase plan rights under the Broadcom Limited Second Amended and Restated Employee Share Purchase Plan, as amended, or ESPP (together referred to as equity awards).
The dilutive effect of equity awards is calculated based on the average stock price for each fiscal period, using the treasury stock method. Under the treasury stock method, the amount the employee must pay for exercising stock options and purchasing shares under the ESPP and the amount of compensation cost for future service that we have not yet recognized are collectively assumed to be used to repurchase shares.
For the fiscal quarter ended February 4, 2018, diluted net income per share excluded the potentially dilutive effect of the exchange of the LP Units for 22 million common stock shares as their effect was antidilutive.
The following is a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of the basic and diluted net income per share computations for the periods presented:
 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
February 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator:
 
(In millions, except per share data)
Income from continuing operations
 
$
481

 
$
6,581

Less: Income from continuing operations attributable to noncontrolling interest
 

 
337

Income from continuing operations attributable to common stock
 
481

 
6,244

 
 
 
 
 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
 
(10
)
 
(15
)
Less: Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes, attributable to noncontrolling interest
 

 
(1
)
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes, attributable to common stock
 
(10
)
 
(14
)
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to common stock
 
$
471

 
$
6,230

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding - basic
 
401

 
410

Dilutive effect of equity awards
 
18

 
16

Weighted-average shares outstanding - diluted
 
419

 
426

 
 
 
 
 
Basic income per share:
 
 
 
 
Income per share from continuing operations
 
$
1.20

 
$
15.23

Loss per share from discontinued operations
 
(0.03
)
 
(0.03
)
Net income per share
 
$
1.17

 
$
15.20

 
 
 
 
 
Diluted income per share:
 
 
 
 
Income per share from continuing operations
 
$
1.15

 
$
14.66

Loss per share from discontinued operations
 
(0.03
)
 
(0.04
)
Net income per share
 
$
1.12

 
$
14.62


19


7. Borrowings
 
 
Effective Interest Rate
 
February 3,
2019
 
November 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
2019 Term Loans - floating rate
 
 
 
 
 
 
  LIBOR plus 1.125% term loan due November 2021
 
3.853
%
 
$
9,000

 
$

  LIBOR plus 1.250% term loan due September 2021 to November 2023
 
3.892
%
 
9,000

 

 
 
 
 
18,000

 

2017 Senior Notes - fixed rate
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.375% notes due January 2020
 
2.615
%
 
2,750

 
2,750

2.200% notes due January 2021
 
2.406
%
 
750

 
750

3.000% notes due January 2022
 
3.214
%
 
3,500

 
3,500

2.650% notes due January 2023
 
2.781
%
 
1,000

 
1,000

3.625% notes due January 2024
 
3.744
%
 
2,500

 
2,500

3.125% notes due January 2025
 
3.234
%
 
1,000

 
1,000

3.875% notes due January 2027
 
4.018
%
 
4,800

 
4,800

3.500% notes due January 2028
 
3.596
%
 
1,250

 
1,250

 
 
 
 
17,550

 
17,550

Assumed CA Senior Notes - fixed rate
 
 
 
 
 
 
  5.375% notes due December 2019
 
3.433
%
 
750

 

  3.600% notes due August 2020
 
3.540
%
 
400

 

  3.600% notes due August 2022
 
4.071
%
 
500

 

  4.500% notes due August 2023
 
4.099
%
 
250

 

  4.700% notes due March 2027
 
5.153
%
 
350

 

 
 
 
 
2,250

 

Assumed Brocade Convertible Notes - fixed rate
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.375% convertible notes due January 2020
 
0.628
%
 
37

 
37

 
 
 
 
37

 
37

Assumed BRCM Senior Notes - fixed rate
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.50% - 4.50% notes due August 2022 - August 2034
 
2.50% - 4.50%

 
22

 
22

Total principal amount outstanding
 
 
 
37,859

 
17,609

Less: Unaccreted discount, premium and unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
(218
)
 
(116
)
Total carrying value of debt
 
 
 
$
37,641

 
$
17,493

2019 Term Loans and Assumed CA Senior Notes
In connection with the CA Merger, we entered into a credit agreement, or the 2019 Credit Agreement, which provides for a $9,000 million unsecured term A-3 facility and a $9,000 million unsecured term A-5 facility, collectively referred to as the 2019 Term Loans. Interest on our 2019 Term Loans is based on a floating rate and is payable monthly. Our obligations under the 2019 Credit Agreement are guaranteed on an unsecured basis by Broadcom Corporation, or BRCM, Broadcom Cayman Finance Limited and Broadcom Technologies Inc., with a residual guarantee being provided by Broadcom-Singapore until its pending voluntary liquidation (commenced in the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019) is finalized.
The 2019 Credit Agreement also provides for a five-year $5,000 million unsecured revolving credit facility, or the Revolving Facility, of which $500 million is available for the issuance of multi-currency letters of credit. The issuance of letters of credit reduces the aggregate amount otherwise available under the Revolving Facility for revolving loans. Subject to the terms of the 2019 Credit Agreement, we may borrow, repay and reborrow revolving loans at any time prior to the earlier of (a) November 2023 or (b) the date of termination in whole of the revolving lenders’ commitments under the 2019 Credit Agreement in accordance with the terms thereof. We had no borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Facility on February 3, 2019.

20


Additionally, we assumed $2,250 million in aggregate principal amount of CA’s outstanding senior unsecured notes, or the Assumed CA Senior Notes. CA remains the sole obligor under the Assumed CA Senior Notes. We may redeem all or a portion of the Assumed CA Senior Notes at any time, subject to a specified make-whole premium as set forth in the indenture governing the Assumed CA Senior Notes. In the event of a change in control, each note holder will have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of the holders’ notes in cash at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount of such notes plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the date of repurchase (subject to the right of holders of record on the relevant interest payment date to receive interest due). Each series of the Assumed CA Senior Notes pays interest semi-annually.
2017 Senior Notes
During fiscal year 2017, BRCM and Broadcom Cayman Finance Limited, collectively referred to as the Subsidiary Issuers, issued $17,550 million of senior unsecured notes, or the 2017 Senior Notes. Our 2017 Senior Notes were fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on an unsecured, unsubordinated basis by Broadcom, or Parent Guarantor, and Broadcom-Singapore. During the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019, Broadcom-Singapore was placed in voluntary liquidation in Singapore. Broadcom Technologies Inc., or Subsidiary Guarantor, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Broadcom, became a guarantor of the 2017 Senior Notes and entered into supplemental indentures with the Subsidiary Issuers and the trustee of the 2017 Senior Notes. As a result, Broadcom-Singapore was released from its guarantee of the 2017 Senior Notes under each of their respective indentures in accordance with their terms.
Fair Value of Debt
As of February 3, 2019, the estimated aggregate fair value of debt was $37,021 million and was primarily classified as Level 2. The fair value of our 2019 Term Loans is determined using inputs based on discounted cash flow models with observable market inputs and takes into consideration variables such as interest rate changes, comparable instruments, and credit-rating changes. The fair values of the Assumed CA Senior Notes and 2017 Senior Notes are determined using quoted prices from less active markets.
Future Principal Payments of Debt
The future scheduled principal payments for debt as of February 3, 2019 were as follows:
Fiscal Year:
 
Future Scheduled Principal Payments
 
 
(In millions)
2019 (remainder)
 
$

2020
 
3,937

2021
 
1,650

2022
 
13,909

2023
 
2,150

Thereafter
 
16,213

Total
 
$
37,859

As of February 3, 2019 and November 4, 2018, we accrued interest payable of $104 million and $165 million, respectively and were in compliance with all debt covenants.
8. Stockholders’ Equity
Redomiciliation Transaction
For the period prior to the Redomiciliation Transaction, our stockholders’ equity reflected Broadcom-Singapore’s outstanding ordinary shares. On April 4, 2018, all Broadcom-Singapore outstanding ordinary shares were exchanged on a one-for-one basis for newly issued shares of Broadcom Inc. common stock and Broadcom-Singapore became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Broadcom Inc.
In conjunction with the Redomiciliation Transaction and pursuant to the Mandatory Exchange, all outstanding LP Units held by the limited partners were mandatorily exchanged for approximately 22 million newly issued shares of Broadcom Inc. common stock on a one-for-one basis. As a result, all limited partners of the Partnership became common stockholders of Broadcom Inc. In addition, all related outstanding special preference shares of Broadcom-Singapore were automatically redeemed upon the Mandatory Exchange.

21


Noncontrolling Interest
Immediately prior to the Redomiciliation Transaction, the limited partners held a noncontrolling interest of approximately 5% in the Partnership through their ownership of LP Units. Accordingly, net income attributable to our common stock in our condensed consolidated statement of operations excluded the noncontrolling interest’s proportionate share of the results for the fiscal quarter ended February 4, 2018. In addition, we presented the proportionate share of equity attributable to the noncontrolling interest as a separate component of total equity within our condensed consolidated statement of equity for the fiscal quarter ended February 4, 2018.
Dividends and Distributions
 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
February 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions, except per share data)
Cash dividends and distributions declared and paid per share/unit
 
$
2.65

 
$
1.75

Cash dividends paid to stockholders
 
$
1,067

 
$
717

Cash distributions paid to limited partners
 
$

 
$
38

Stock Repurchase Program
In December 2018, our Board of Directors increased our previously authorized $12 billion stock repurchase program to a total of $18 billion. We may repurchase our common stock from time to time on or prior to November 3, 2019, the end of our fiscal year 2019. During the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019, we repurchased and retired approximately 14 million shares of our common stock for $3,436 million at a weighted average price of $246.64 under this stock repurchase program. As of February 3, 2019, $7,306 million of the current authorization remained available under our stock repurchase program.
Repurchases under our stock repurchase program may be effected through a variety of methods, including open market or privately negotiated purchases. The timing and number of shares of common stock repurchased will depend on a variety of factors, including price, general business and market conditions and alternative investment opportunities. We are not obligated to repurchase any specific number of shares of common stock, and we may suspend or discontinue our stock repurchase program at any time.
Stock-Based Compensation Expense
 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
February 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Cost of products sold
 
$
26

 
$
18

Cost of subscriptions and services
 
8

 
2

Research and development
 
311

 
203

Selling, general and administrative
 
120

 
76

Total stock-based compensation expense
 
$
465

 
$
299

During the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019, the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors approved a broad-based program of multi-year equity grants of time- and market-based RSUs, or the Multi-Year Equity Awards, in lieu of our annual employee equity awards historically granted in the second quarter of our fiscal year. Each Multi-Year Equity Award vests on the same basis as four annual grants made March 15 of each year, beginning in fiscal year 2019, with successive four-year vesting periods. Stock-based compensation expense related to the Multi-Year Equity Awards was $107 million for the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019, including $17 million for Multi-Year Equity Awards granted to employees acquired in the CA Merger.
For the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019, stock-based compensation expense included $37 million related to equity awards assumed in connection with the CA Merger. In addition to stock-based compensation expense presented above, we recognized $75 million in restructuring charges for accelerated vesting of assumed equity awards held by employees terminated in connection with the CA Merger.

22


As of February 3, 2019, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock-based awards was $6,704 million, which is expected to be recognized over the remaining weighted-average service period of 4.6 years.
Equity Incentive Award Plans
A summary of time- and market-based RSU activity is as follows:
 
 
Number of RSUs
Outstanding
 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Per Share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions, except per share data)
Balance as of November 4, 2018
 
18

 
$
195.50

Assumed in CA Merger
 
1

 
$
206.14

Granted
 
32

 
$
177.07

Vested
 
(1
)
 
$
207.90

Forfeited
 

*
$
163.76

Balance as of February 3, 2019
 
50

 
$
184.07

________________________________
* Represents fewer than 0.5 million shares.
The aggregate fair value of time- and market-based RSUs that vested during the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019 was $235 million, which represents the market value of our common stock on the date that the RSUs vested. The number of RSUs vested included shares of common stock that we withheld for settlement of employees’ tax withholding obligations due upon the vesting of RSUs.
A summary of time- and market-based stock option activity is as follows:
 
 
Number of Options
Outstanding
 
 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price
Per Share
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (In years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions, except years and per share data)
Balance as of November 4, 2018
 
8

 
 
$
50.14

 
 
 
 
Exercised
 
(2
)
 
 
$
49.94

 
 
 
$
253

Cancelled
 

*
 
$
98.85

 
 
 
 
Balance as of February 3, 2019
 
6

 
 
$
50.17

 
1.75
 
$
1,403

Fully vested as of February 3, 2019
 
6

 
 
$
50.17

 
1.75
 
$
1,403

Fully vested and expected to vest as of February 3, 2019
 
6

 
 
$
50.17

 
1.75
 
$
1,403

________________________________
* Represents fewer than 0.5 million shares.
9. Income Taxes
For the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019, our benefit from income taxes was $203 million, compared to a benefit from income taxes of $5,786 million for the fiscal quarter ended February 4, 2018.
The benefit for the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019 was primarily due to the recognition of $141 million of gross uncertain tax benefits as a result of audit settlements and lapses of statutes of limitations, partial release of $56 million of our valuation allowance as a result of the CA Merger, and $35 million of excess tax benefits from stock-based awards that were vested or exercised during the period. The current period also includes the impact of several provisions of the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, or the 2017 Tax Reform Act, that take effect for us for the first time in the fiscal year ending November 3, 2019, including a new minimum tax on certain foreign earnings, known as Global Intangible Low-taxed Income, or GILTI, a new incentive for foreign-derived intangible income, changes to the limitation on the deductibility of certain executive compensation, and new limitations on the deductibility of interest expense. We have elected to account for GILTI as a period cost rather than on a deferred basis.

23


The benefit from income taxes for the corresponding 2018 fiscal period was principally a result of provisional income tax benefits realized from the enactment of the 2017 Tax Reform Act, signed into law on December 22, 2017. The 2017 Tax Reform Act made significant changes to the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, including, but not limited to, a decrease in the U.S. corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, the transition of U.S. international taxation from a worldwide tax system to a participation exemption regime, and the transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of accumulated non-U.S. earnings of U.S. controlled foreign corporations, or the Transition Tax, as of December 31, 2017.
As a result of the 2017 Tax Reform Act, we recorded a total provisional benefit of $5,810 million during the fiscal quarter ended February 4, 2018. This provisional benefit included $88 million related to the remeasurement of certain deferred tax assets and liabilities, which was based on the tax rates at which they were expected to be reversed in the future as a result of the 2017 Tax Reform Act. The provisional benefit also included $5,722 million related to the Transition Tax, which was primarily due to a reduction of $10,392 million in our federal deferred income tax liabilities on accumulated non-U.S. earnings, partially offset by $2,547 million of federal provisional long-term Transition Tax payable and $2,179 million of unrecognized federal tax benefits related to the Transition Tax.
On December 22, 2017, the SEC issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118. This guidance allowed registrants a “measurement period,” not to exceed one year from the date of enactment, to complete their accounting for the tax effects of the 2017 Tax Reform Act. We relied on this guidance to refine our estimates of the impact of the 2017 Tax Reform Act during the measurement period. The measurement period ended during our period ended February 3, 2019, and no adjustments were recorded during this period. As a result, we consider our accounting for the tax effects of the 2017 Tax Reform Act to be complete based on our interpretation of the law and subsequently issued guidance. However, it is expected that the U.S. Treasury will continue to issue regulations and other guidance on the application of certain provisions of the 2017 Tax Reform Act that may impact our interpretation of the rules and our calculation of the tax impact of the Transition Tax or other provisions of the 2017 Tax Reform Act.
Additionally, in connection with CA Merger, we established $2,369 million of net deferred tax liabilities on the excess of book basis over the tax basis of acquired identified intangible assets and investments in certain foreign subsidiaries that had not been indefinitely reinvested, partially offset by acquired tax attributes. The net deferred tax liabilities are based upon certain assumptions underlying our preliminary purchase price allocation. Upon finalization of the purchase price allocation, additional adjustments to the amount of our net deferred taxes may be required, provided we are within the measurement period.
Uncertain Tax Positions
The balance of gross unrecognized tax benefits was $4,005 million and $4,030 million as of February 3, 2019 and November 4, 2018, respectively. Gross unrecognized tax benefits decreased by $25 million compared to the balance as of November 4, 2018, primarily due to audit settlements and lapses of statutes of limitations offset by the recognition of uncertain tax positions related to the CA Merger, which were initially estimated as of the CA Acquisition Date. We continue to reevaluate these items with any adjustments to our preliminary estimates recognized, provided we are within the measurement period and we continue to collect information in order to determine their estimated values.
Accrued interest and penalties are included in other long-term liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of February 3, 2019 and November 4, 2018, the combined amount of cumulative accrued interest and penalties was approximately $284 million and $190 million, respectively.
A portion of our unrecognized tax benefits will affect our effective tax rate if they are recognized upon favorable resolution of the uncertain tax positions. As of February 3, 2019 and November 4, 2018, approximately $4,289 million and $4,220 million, respectively, of the unrecognized tax benefits, including accrued interest and penalties, would affect our effective tax rate if favorably resolved.
We are subject to U.S. income tax examination for fiscal years 2013 and later. Certain of our acquired companies are subject to tax examinations in major jurisdictions outside of the U.S. for fiscal years 2008 and later. It is possible that our existing unrecognized tax benefits may change up to $124 million as a result of lapses of the statute of limitations for certain audit periods and/or audit examinations expected to be completed within the next 12 months.

24


10. Segment Information
Reportable Segments
As a result of the CA Merger which closed on November 5, 2018, we updated our organizational structure resulting in three reportable segments: semiconductor solutions, infrastructure software and IP licensing. Each segment represents components for which separate financial information is available that is utilized on a regular basis by the Chief Executive Officer, who has been identified as the CODM, in determining how to allocate resources and evaluate performance. The reportable segments are determined based on several factors including, but not limited to, customer base, homogeneity of products, technology, delivery channels and similar economic characteristics.
Semiconductor solutions. We provide semiconductor solutions for enabling the set-top box and broadband access markets, for managing the movement of data in data center, telecom, enterprise and embedded networking applications, for enabling secure movement of digital data to and from host machines such as servers, personal computers and storage systems to the underlying storage devices such as hard disk drives and solid state drives. We provide a broad variety of radio frequency semiconductor devices, wireless connectivity solutions and custom touch controllers for mobile applications. We also provide a broad variety of products for the general industrial and automotive markets.
Infrastructure software. We provide a portfolio of mainframe, enterprise and storage area networking solutions, which enables customers to leverage the benefits of agility, automation, insights, resiliency and security in managing business processes and technology investments.
Intellectual property licensing. We license a portion of our broad intellectual property portfolio.
Our CODM assesses the performance of each segment and allocates resources to those segments based on net revenue and operating results and does not evaluate our segments using discrete asset information. Operating results by segment include items that are directly attributable to each segment and also include shared expenses such as global operations, including manufacturing support, logistics and quality control, in addition to expenses associated with selling, general and administrative activities for the business, which are allocated primarily based on revenue, while facilities expenses are allocated primarily based on site-specific headcount.
Unallocated Expenses
Unallocated expenses include amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, stock-based compensation expense, restructuring, impairment and disposal charges, acquisition-related costs, charges related to inventory step-up to fair value, and other costs, which are not used in evaluating the results of, or in allocating resources to, our segments. Acquisition-related costs also include transaction costs and any costs directly related to the acquisition and integration of acquired businesses.
Depreciation expense directly attributable to each reportable segment is included in operating results for each segment. However, the CODM does not evaluate depreciation expense by operating segment and, therefore, it is not separately presented. There was no inter-segment revenue. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies.
 
 
Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
 
February 3,
2019
 
February 4,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Net revenue:
 
 
 
 
Semiconductor solutions
 
$
4,374

 
$
4,955

Infrastructure software
 
1,403

 
328

IP licensing
 
12

 
44

Total net revenue
 
$
5,789

 
$
5,327

 
 
 
 
 
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
Semiconductor solutions
 
$
2,037

 
$
2,325

Infrastructure software
 
1,020

 
216

IP licensing
 
(5
)
 
26

Unallocated expenses
 
(2,497
)
 
(1,624
)
Total operating income
 
$
555

 
$
943


25


Significant Customer Information
We sell our products through our direct sales force and a select network of distributors globally. Two customers, both of which are distributors, accounted for 15% and 11% of our net accounts receivable balance at February 3, 2019 compared with two customers, also distributors, which accounted for 20% and 14% of our net accounts receivable balance at November 4, 2018.
One customer, a distributor, accounted for 15% of our net revenue for the fiscal quarter ended February 3, 2019. During the fiscal quarter ended February 4, 2018one customer, a contract manufacturer, represented 18% of our net revenue. The majority of the revenue from these customers was included in our semiconductor solutions segment.
11. Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments
The following table summarizes contractual obligations and commitments as of February 3, 2019 that materially changed from the end of fiscal year 2018:
 
 
 
 
Fiscal Year
 
 
 
 
Total
 
2019 (remainder)
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
2023
 
Thereafter