0001728205-23-000052.txt : 20230808 0001728205-23-000052.hdr.sgml : 20230808 20230807195331 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001728205-23-000052 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-Q PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 63 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20230630 FILED AS OF DATE: 20230808 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20230807 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: Piedmont Lithium Inc. CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001728205 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: MINING, QUARRYING OF NONMETALLIC MINERALS (NO FUELS) [1400] IRS NUMBER: 364996461 FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-Q SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-38427 FILM NUMBER: 231148992 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 42 E CATAWBA STREET CITY: BELMONT STATE: NC ZIP: 28012 BUSINESS PHONE: (704) 461-8000 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 42 E CATAWBA STREET CITY: BELMONT STATE: NC ZIP: 28012 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: Piedmont Lithium Ltd DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 20180116 10-Q 1 pll-20230630.htm 10-Q pll-20230630
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________
FORM 10-Q
__________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _______ to ________
Commission File Number 001-38427
___________________________________________________________
Piedmont_Logo_RGB_300dpi.jpg
Piedmont Lithium Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)
_________________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware36-4996461
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
42 E Catawba Street
Belmont, North Carolina
28012
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (704) 461-8000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.0001 par value per share PLL
The Nasdaq Capital Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes ☒     No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes ☒     No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerEmerging growth company
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
☐ If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No
As of August 04, 2023, there were 19,195,889 shares of the Registrant’s common stock outstanding.
1

2

Table of Contents

3

Part I - Financial Information
Item 1.    Financial Statements.
PIEDMONT LITHIUM INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$88,748,419 $99,246,963 
Other current assets 4,904,795 2,611,841 
Total current assets93,653,214 101,858,804 
Property, plant and mine development, net 101,685,472 71,540,798 
Other non-current assets 23,556,684 18,873,679 
Equity method investments in unconsolidated affiliates 124,040,126 95,647,802 
Total assets$342,935,496 $287,921,083 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Accounts payable and accrued expenses12,149,805 12,861,514 
Current portion of long-term debt 277,316 425,187 
Other current liabilities290,768 124,464 
Total current liabilities12,717,889 13,411,165 
Long-term debt, net of current portion 72,099 163,425 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion1,253,561 1,176,709 
Deferred tax liabilities3,456,971 2,881,123 
Total liabilities17,500,520 17,632,422 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock; $0.0001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized; 19,195,889 and 18,073,367 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2023, and December 31, 2022, respectively
1,919 1,807 
Additional paid-in capital456,758,193 381,241,814 
Accumulated deficit(124,936,546)(105,657,674)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(6,388,590)(5,297,286)
Total stockholders’ equity325,434,976 270,288,661 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$342,935,496 $287,921,083 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.
4

PIEDMONT LITHIUM INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)


Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023202220232022
Operating expenses:
Exploration and mine development costs$440,190 $882,874 1,196,964 1,050,712 
General and administrative expenses11,986,634 7,461,365 20,608,084 13,039,370 
Total operating expenses12,426,824 8,344,239 21,805,048 14,090,082 
Loss from equity method investments in unconsolidated affiliates(2,675,145)(1,155,379)(5,417,509)(4,544,882)
Loss from operations(15,101,969)(9,499,618)(27,222,557)(18,634,964)
Other income (expense):
Interest income1,165,341 288 1,928,791 288 
Interest expense(11,160)(34,214)(25,677)(76,610)
Loss from foreign currency exchange(17,878)(47,759)(67,144)(24,649)
Gain on dilution of equity method investments in unconsolidated affiliates 3,975,337  7,249,869  
Total other income (expense)5,111,640 (81,685)9,085,839 (100,971)
Loss before taxes(9,990,329)(9,581,303)(18,136,718)(18,735,935)
Income tax expense648,811  1,142,154  
Net loss$(10,639,140)$(9,581,303)$(19,278,872)$(18,735,935)
Basic and diluted net loss per weighted-average share $(0.55)$(0.53)$(1.02)$(1.10)
Basic and diluted weighted-average number of shares
 outstanding
19,186,640 17,930,926 18,856,995 17,019,262 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.
5

PIEDMONT LITHIUM INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Unaudited)


Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023202220232022
Net loss$(10,639,140)$(9,581,303)$(19,278,872)$(18,735,935)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustment of equity method
 investments, net of tax(1)
1,121,968 (342,767)(1,091,304)(149,123)
 Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax1,121,968 (342,767)(1,091,304)(149,123)
Comprehensive loss$(9,517,172)$(9,924,070)$(20,370,176)$(18,885,058)
__________________________
(1)Foreign currency translation adjustment of equity method investments is presented net of tax (expense) benefit of $(96,050) and $566,306 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively. We did not reflect a tax expense during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 because we had a full tax valuation allowance in impacted jurisdictions during this period.


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.
6

PIEDMONT LITHIUM INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

Six Months Ended
June 30,
20232022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(19,278,872)$(18,735,935)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Stock-based compensation expense4,310,353 1,382,905 
Loss from equity method investments in unconsolidated affiliates5,417,509 4,544,882 
Gain on dilution of equity method investments in unconsolidated affiliates(7,249,869) 
Deferred taxes1,142,154  
Depreciation105,798 11,208 
Noncash lease expense95,697 60,919 
Loss on sale of property, plant and mine development 11,542 
Unrealized loss on investment12,947 23,824 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Other assets(2,018,989)(1,969,142)
Operating lease liabilities(80,464)(59,430)
Accounts payable(1,072,539)(486,145)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities(1,071,726)(2,638,479)
Net cash used in operating activities(19,688,001)(17,853,851)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures(28,695,695)(11,533,913)
Advances on Ewoyaa Lithium Project (Ghana)(4,742,466)(7,099,355)
Investment in and advances to affiliates(28,217,574)(10,054,904)
Net cash used in investing activities(61,655,735)(28,688,172)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuances of common stock, net of issuance costs71,084,389 122,059,476 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options 93,326 
Principal payments on long-term debt(239,197)(822,066)
Net cash provided by financing activities70,845,192 121,330,736 
Net (decrease) increase in cash(10,498,544)74,788,713 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period99,246,963 64,244,983 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$88,748,419 $139,033,696 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Noncash capital expenditures in accounts payable and accrued expenses$6,773,298 $2,004,734 
Cash paid for interest25,677 76,612 
Capitalized stock-based compensation121,749 122,418 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.
7

PIEDMONT LITHIUM INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(Unaudited)

Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
December 31, 202218,073,367 $1,807 $381,241,814 $(105,657,674)$(5,297,286)$270,288,661 
Issuance of common stock, net1,096,535 110 71,084,279 — — 71,084,389 
Stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures— — 1,166,038 — — 1,166,038 
Shares issued for exercise/vesting of share-based compensation awards13,411 1 (1)— —  
Equity method investment adjustments in other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — (2,213,272)(2,213,272)
Net loss— — — (8,639,732)— (8,639,732)
March 31, 202319,183,313 1,918 453,492,130 (114,297,406)(7,510,558)331,686,084 
Stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures— — 3,266,064 — — 3,266,064 
Shares issued for exercise/vesting of share-based compensation awards12,576 1 (1)— —  
Equity method investment adjustments in other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — 1,121,968 1,121,968 
Net loss— — — (10,639,140)— (10,639,140)
June 30, 202319,195,889 $1,919 $456,758,193 $(124,936,546)$(6,388,590)$325,434,976 
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
December 31, 202115,894,395 $1,589 $255,131,836 $(92,683,000)$(665,819)$161,784,606 
Issuance of common stock, net2,012,500 201 122,059,275 — — 122,059,476 
Stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures— — (85,908)— — (85,908)
Shares issued for exercise/vesting of share-based compensation awards22,631 3 (3)— —  
Equity method investment adjustments in other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — 193,644 193,644 
Net loss— — — (9,154,632)— (9,154,632)
March 31, 202217,929,526 $1,793 $377,105,200 $(101,837,632)$(472,175)$274,797,186 
Stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures— — 1,591,231 — — 1,591,231 
Shares issued for exercise/vesting of share-based compensation awards35,337 3 93,323 — — 93,326 
Equity method investment adjustments in other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — (342,767)(342,767)
Net loss— — — (9,581,303)— (9,581,303)
June 30, 202217,964,863 $1,796 $378,789,754 $(111,418,935)$(814,942)$266,557,673 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.
8

PIEDMONT LITHIUM INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1.DESCRIPTION OF COMPANY
Nature of Business
Piedmont Lithium Inc. (“Piedmont Lithium,” “we,” “our,” “us,” or “Company”) is a United States (“U.S.”) based, development-stage, multi-asset, integrated lithium business in support of a clean energy economy and U.S. and global energy security. We plan to supply lithium hydroxide to the electric vehicle and battery manufacturing supply chains in North America by processing spodumene concentrate produced from assets we own or in which we have an economic interest.
Our portfolio of projects includes our Tennessee Lithium project (“Tennessee Lithium”), a proposed merchant lithium hydroxide manufacturing plant in McMinn County, Tennessee, and our Carolina Lithium project (“Carolina Lithium”), a proposed, fully integrated spodumene concentrate-to-lithium hydroxide project in Gaston County, North Carolina. The balance of our project portfolio includes strategic investments in lithium assets in Quebec, Canada, including the producing North American Lithium (“NAL”) mine, and in Ghana, West Africa with Atlantic Lithium Limited (“Atlantic Lithium”), including the Ewoyaa Lithium Project (“Ewoyaa”).
Basis of Presentation
Our unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) and in conformity with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Our reporting currency is U.S. dollars, and we operate on a calendar fiscal year. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. Therefore, these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included in our amended Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2022. These unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments and reclassifications that, in the opinion of management, are considered necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations, financial position, and cash flows for the periods presented. The current period’s results of operations will not necessarily be indicative of results that ultimately may be achieved for the year ending December 31, 2023, for any other interim period, or for any other future fiscal year.
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current period presentation including reclassification of the Company’s proportional share of income in equity investments into operating income. See Note 3—Equity Method Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates for further discussion.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates, assumptions, and allocations that affect amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and related notes. Significant items that are subject to such estimates and assumptions include, but are not limited to, long-lived assets, fair value of stock-based compensation awards, income tax uncertainties, valuation of deferred tax assets, contingent assets and liabilities, legal claims, asset impairments, and environmental remediation. Actual results could differ due to the uncertainty inherent in the nature of these estimates.
We base our estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience, and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ materially and adversely from our estimates. To the extent there are material differences between estimates and actual results, future results of operations will be affected.
Risk and Uncertainties
We are subject to a number of risks similar to those of other companies of similar size in our industry, including but not limited to, the success of our exploration and development activities, success of our equity investments in international projects, permitting and
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construction delays, the need for additional capital or financing to fund operating losses, competition from substitute products and services, protection of proprietary technology, litigation, and dependence on key individuals.
We have accumulated deficits of $124.9 million and $105.7 million as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. We have incurred net losses and utilized cash in operations since inception, and we expect to incur future additional losses. We have cash available on hand and believe this cash will be sufficient to fund our operations and meet our obligations as they come due for at least one year from the date these unaudited consolidated financial statements are issued. In the event our cash requirements change during the next twelve months, management has the ability and commitment to make corresponding changes to our operating expenses, capital expenditures, and investments as necessary. Until commercial production is achieved from our planned operations, we will continue to incur operating and investing net cash outflows associated with, among other things, funding capital projects, development-stage technical studies, permitting activities associated with our projects, funding our expected commitments in Quebec and Ghana, maintaining and acquiring exploration properties and undertaking ongoing exploration activities. Our long-term success is dependent upon our ability to successfully raise additional capital or financing or enter into strategic partnership opportunities. Our long-term success is also dependent upon our ability to obtain certain permits and approvals, develop our planned portfolio of projects, earn revenues, and achieve profitability.
Our unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going-concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business.
Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no significant changes in accounting policies as of June 30, 2023. For a further discussion of our significant accounting policies, see Note 2—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies within Part II, Item 8 of our Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2022.
Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
We have considered the applicability and impact of all recently issued accounting pronouncements and have determined that they were either not applicable or were not expected to have a material impact on our unaudited consolidated financial statements.
2.PROPERTY, PLANT AND MINE DEVELOPMENT
Property, plant and mine development, net, is presented in the following table:
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Mining interests$70,472,674 $56,119,627 
Mine development3,908,275 3,050,239 
Land720,033 720,033 
Leasehold improvements401,264 281,008 
Facilities and equipment896,301 675,795 
Construction in process25,478,088 10,779,566 
Property, plant and mine development101,876,635 71,626,268 
Accumulated depreciation(191,163)(85,470)
Property, plant and mine development, net$101,685,472 $71,540,798 
Mining interests and mine development costs relate to Carolina Lithium. Our construction in process primarily relates to capitalized costs associated with Tennessee Lithium.
Depletion of mining interests and mine development assets does not commence until the assets are placed in service. As of June 30, 2023, we have not recorded depletion expense for any of our mining interests or mine development assets.
Depreciation expense is included in “General and administrative expenses” in our consolidated statements of operations. Depreciation expense was $60,780, and $6,146 for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $105,798, and $11,208 for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
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3.EQUITY METHOD INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES
We apply the equity method to investments when we have the ability to exercise significant influence over the operational decision-making authority and financial policies of the investee. We account for our existing investments in Atlantic Lithium, Sayona Mining Limited (“Sayona Mining”), and Sayona Quebec Inc. (“Sayona Quebec”), a subsidiary of Sayona Mining, as equity method investments.
We continue to evaluate operational developments and the impact of the anticipated significant expansion of the operations of our existing equity method investments. As discussed below, Atlantic Lithium’s completion of a technical study for Ewoyaa, along with the restart of NAL, were impactful to the consideration of how we most appropriately reflect our proportional share of income (loss) from our three existing equity method investments. Offtake agreements with our equity method investments are expected to initially supply spodumene concentrate, which may be resold into the market. Upon completion of construction of Tennessee Lithium, our equity method investments are expected to supply the majority of the spodumene concentrate required by Tennessee Lithium for conversion to lithium hydroxide. Based on our analysis, it was determined that our equity method investments have evolved into a critical, integrated part of our ongoing operations. We have determined this justifies a more meaningful and transparent presentation of our proportional share of income (loss) in our equity method investments as a component of our operating income. As a result, we have reclassified our share of income (loss) in equity method investments to operating income for all periods presented.
Our share of the income (loss) from Atlantic Lithium, Sayona Mining, and Sayona Quebec is recorded on a one quarter lag within “Loss from equity method investments in unconsolidated affiliates” in our consolidated statements of operations.
Below is a summary of our equity method investments as of June 30, 2023.
Sayona Mining
We own an equity interest of approximately 12% in Sayona Mining, an Australian company publicly listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (“ASX”), and have formed a strategic partnership with Sayona Mining to explore, evaluate, develop, mine, and produce spodumene concentrate in Quebec, Canada.
During the six months ended June 30, 2023, we reported the effects of Sayona Mining raising additional capital through share issuances of its common stock. We did not participate in these share issuances, which were issued at a valuation greater than the carrying value of our ownership interest. As a result, our ownership interest in Sayona Mining was diluted and declined. We recognized a noncash gain of $4.0 million and $7.2 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, related to the dilution of our ownership interest. We recorded the gain within “Gain on dilution of equity method investments in unconsolidated affiliates” in our consolidated statements of operations.
Sayona Quebec
We own an equity interest of 25% in Sayona Quebec for the purpose of furthering our investment and strategic partnership in Quebec, Canada. The remaining 75% equity interest is held by Sayona Mining. Sayona Quebec holds a 100% interest in NAL, which consists of a surface mine and a concentrator plant, as well as the Authier Lithium Project and the Tansim Lithium Project.
We have a long-term offtake agreement with Sayona Quebec under which Sayona Quebec will supply Piedmont Lithium the greater of 113,000 metric tons per year or 50% of spodumene concentrate production on a life-of-mine basis. Purchases of spodumene concentrate by Piedmont Lithium from Sayona Quebec are subject to market pricing with a price floor of $500 per metric ton and a price ceiling of $900 per metric ton for 6.0% spodumene concentrate.
In addition to spodumene mining and concentrate production, the NAL complex also includes a partially completed lithium carbonate refinery, which was developed by a prior operator of NAL. Sayona completed a preliminary technical study for the completion and restart of the NAL carbonate plant in Q2 2023. If Piedmont Lithium and Sayona Mining decide to jointly construct and operate a lithium conversion plant through their jointly-owned entity, Sayona Quebec, then spodumene concentrate produced from NAL would be preferentially delivered to that conversion plant upon commencement of conversion operations. Any remaining spodumene concentrate not delivered to a jointly-owned conversion plant would first be delivered to Piedmont Lithium up to Piedmont Lithium’s offtake right and then to third parties. Any decision to construct jointly-owned lithium conversion capacity must be agreed upon by both parties.
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Atlantic Lithium
We own an equity interest of approximately 9% in Atlantic Lithium, an Australian company publicly listed on the Alternative Investment Market of the London Stock Exchange and the ASX. We have a strategic partnership with Atlantic Lithium to explore, evaluate, mine, develop, and ultimately produce spodumene concentrate in Ghana. We have the right to acquire up to a 50% equity interest in Atlantic Lithium’s Ghanaian-based wholly-owned lithium portfolio companies, which includes Ewoyaa, (collectively, “Atlantic Lithium Ghana”), through current and future phased investments.
We have a long-term offtake agreement whereby Atlantic Lithium will sell 50% of spodumene concentrate produced in Ghana for the life of the mine to Piedmont Lithium at market prices, subject to us electing to exercise our option to fund construction costs of Ewoyaa. See Note 5—Other Assets.
The following tables summarize the carrying amounts, including changes therein, of our equity method investments:
Three Months Ended June 30, 2023
Sayona Mining
Sayona QuebecAtlantic LithiumTotal
Balance at March 31, 2023$44,187,864 $50,548,382 $10,659,620 $105,395,866 
Additional investments 16,085,029 41,021 16,126,050 
Gain on dilution of equity method investments(1)
3,975,337   3,975,337 
Loss from equity method investments(1,012,961)(1,335,087)(327,097)(2,675,145)
Foreign currency translation adjustment of equity
 method investments
133,008 1,246,604 (161,594)1,218,018 
Balance at June 30, 2023$47,283,248 $66,544,928 $10,211,950 $124,040,126 
____________________________________________________________________________
(1)Gain on dilution of equity method investments relates to issuances of additional shares of Sayona Mining, as discussed above, which reduced our ownership interest in Sayona Mining.
Six Months Ended June 30, 2023
Sayona Mining
Sayona QuebecAtlantic LithiumTotal
Balance at December 31, 2022$44,619,404 $39,763,008 $11,265,390 $95,647,802 
Additional investments101,616 28,074,937 41,021 28,217,574 
Gain on dilution of equity method investments(1)
7,249,869   7,249,869 
Loss from equity method investments(2,054,245)(2,604,490)(758,774)(5,417,509)
Foreign currency translation adjustment of equity
 method investments
(2,633,396)1,311,473 (335,687)(1,657,610)
Balance at June 30, 2023$47,283,248 $66,544,928 $10,211,950 $124,040,126 
___________________________________________________________________________
(1)Gain on dilution of equity method investments relates to issuances of additional shares of Sayona Mining, as discussed above, which reduced our ownership interest in Sayona Mining.
Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
Sayona Mining
Sayona QuebecAtlantic LithiumTotal
Balance at March 31, 2022$16,945,836 $26,193,877 $14,583,345 $57,723,058 
Additional investments1,029,617 6,979,080  8,008,697 
Loss from equity method investments(857,847)(125,759)(171,773)(1,155,379)
Foreign currency translation adjustment of equity
 method investments
  (342,767)(342,767)
Balance at June 30, 2022$17,117,606 $33,047,198 $14,068,805 $64,233,609 
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Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
Sayona Mining
Sayona QuebecAtlantic LithiumTotal
Balance at December 31, 2021$18,256,488 $25,215,851 $15,400,371 $58,872,710 
Additional investments1,075,921 8,978,983  10,054,904 
Loss from equity method investments(2,279,318)(1,192,396)(1,073,168)(4,544,882)
Foreign currency translation adjustment of equity
 method investments
64,515 44,760 (258,398)(149,123)
Balance at June 30, 2022$17,117,606 $33,047,198 $14,068,805 $64,233,609 
As of June 30, 2023
Sayona Mining
Sayona QuebecAtlantic Lithium
Fair value of equity investments where market values from publicly traded entities are readily available$140,978,713 Not publicly traded$18,239,189 
4.FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Fair value is the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.
We follow FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure,” which establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value measurements. The valuation hierarchy categorizes assets and liabilities measured at fair value into one of three different levels depending on the observability of the inputs employed in the measurement. The three levels are defined as follows:
Level 1:Quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2:Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are either directly or indirectly observable for the asset or liability, including quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, and inputs that are derived from observable market data by correlation or other means.
Level 3:Inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).
The level within which the financial asset or liability is classified is determined based on the lowest level of significant input to the fair value measurement.
Measurement of Fair Value
Our financial instruments consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, investments in equity securities, trade and other payables, and long-term debt as follows:
Other financial instruments—The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, and trade and other payables approximate fair value due to their short-term nature.
Investments in equity securities—As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, we had $0.5 million and $0.5 million, respectively, of investments in equity securities which are recorded at fair value based on Level 3 inputs. See Note 5—Other Assets.
Long-term debt—As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, we had $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, of principal debt outstanding associated with seller financed loans. The carrying value of our long-term debt approximates its estimated fair value.
Level 3 activity was not material for all periods presented.
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5.OTHER ASSETS
Other current assets consisted of the following:
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Investments in equity securities$470,889 $483,836 
Prepaid and other current assets4,433,906 2,128,005 
Total other current assets$4,904,795 $2,611,841 
As of June 30, 2023, our investments in equity securities consisted of common shares in Ricca Resources Limited (“Ricca”), which we acquired as part of a spin-out of Ricca from Atlantic Lithium. Ricca is a private company focused on gold exploration in Africa.
Other non-current assets consisted of the following:
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Advances on exploration project$21,758,906 $17,316,440 
Other non-current assets276,933 263,845 
Operating lease right-of-use assets1,520,845 1,293,394 
Total other non-current assets$23,556,684 $18,873,679 
We have a strategic partnership with Atlantic Lithium that includes Atlantic Lithium Ghana. Under our partnership, we entered into a project agreement to acquire a 50% equity interest in Atlantic Lithium Ghana as part of two phases of future staged investments by Piedmont Lithium in Ewoyaa over an approximate period of three to four years.
We are currently in Phase 1, which allows us to acquire a 22.5% equity interest in Atlantic Lithium Ghana by funding Ewoyaa’s exploration and definitive feasibility study (“DFS”) costs and agreeing to proceed with Phase 2. We completed funding of exploration and DFS costs, and Atlantic Lithium issued their DFS in June 2023. As noted above, our future equity interest ownership is contingent upon making an election to proceed with Phase 2, which is expected to occur in the second half of 2023. Phase 2 allows us to acquire an additional 27.5% equity interest in Atlantic Lithium Ghana upon completion of funding approximately $70 million for capital costs associated with the construction of Ewoyaa. Any cost savings or cost overruns from the initial commitment for each phase will be shared equally between Piedmont Lithium and Atlantic Lithium. Upon completion of phases one and two, we will have a total equity interest of 50% in Atlantic Lithium Ghana. Funding costs are included in “Other non-current assets” in our consolidated balance sheets as an advance on our future Phase 1 investment in Atlantic Lithium Ghana.
Our maximum exposure to a loss as a result of our involvement in Ewoyaa is limited to the total funding paid by Piedmont Lithium to Atlantic Lithium. As of June 30, 2023, we did not own an equity interest in Atlantic Lithium Ghana. We have made advanced payments to Ewoyaa totaling $3.9 million and $3.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $4.7 million, and $6.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
6.EQUITY
We are authorized to issue up to 100,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share. We have no outstanding shares of preferred stock.
In February 2023, we received $75 million from LG Chem, Ltd (“LG Chem”) in exchange for 1,096,535 common shares in Piedmont Lithium at an approximate price of $68.40 per share and in conjunction with a multi-year spodumene concentrate offtake agreement. Share issuance costs associated with the subscription totaled $3.9 million and were accounted for as a reduction in the proceeds from share issuances in the consolidated balance sheets.
In March 2022, we issued 2,012,500 shares under our $500 million automatic shelf registration with an issue price of $65.00 per share to raise gross proceeds of $130.8 million. Share issuance costs associated with the U.S. public offering totaled $8.8 million and were accounted for as a reduction in the proceeds from share issuance in the consolidated balance sheets.
As of June 30, 2023, we had $369.2 million remaining under our shelf registration statement, which expires on September 24, 2024.
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7.STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
Stock Incentive Plans
The Piedmont Lithium Inc. Stock Incentive Plan (“Incentive Plan”) authorizes the grant of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock units, and restricted stock, any of which may be performance-based. Our Leadership and Compensation Committee determines the exercise price for stock options and the base price of stock appreciation rights, which may not be less than the fair market value of our common stock on the date of grant. Generally, stock options or stock appreciation rights vest after three years of service and expire at the end of ten years. Performance rights awards (“PRAs”) vest upon achievement of certain pre-established performance targets that are based on specified performance criteria over a performance period. As of June 30, 2023, 2,132,320 shares of common stock were available for issuance under our Incentive Plan.
We include the expense related to stock-based compensation in the same financial statement line item as cash compensation paid to the same employee. As of June 30, 2023, we had remaining unvested stock-based compensation expense of $14.0 million to be recognized through December 2025. Additionally, and if applicable, we capitalize personnel expenses attributable to the development of our mine and construction of our plants, including stock-based compensation expenses. We recognize share-based award forfeitures as they occur.
Stock-based compensation related to all stock-based incentive plans is presented in the following table:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023202220232022
Components of stock-based compensation:
Stock-based compensation$3,266,064 $1,591,231 $4,436,800 $2,356,086 
Stock-based compensation forfeitures  (4,698)(850,763)
Stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures
$3,266,064 $1,591,231 $4,432,102 $1,505,323 
Presentation of stock-based compensation in the unaudited consolidated financial statements:
Exploration and mine development costs$50,879 $219,939 $71,246 $2,000 
General and administrative expenses3,134,501 1,290,732 4,239,107 1,380,905 
Stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures(1)
3,185,380 1,510,671 4,310,353 1,382,905 
Capitalized stock-based compensation(2)
80,684 80,560 121,749 122,418 
Stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures
$3,266,064 $1,591,231 $4,432,102 $1,505,323 
__________________________
(1)For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, we did not reflect a tax benefit associated with stock-based compensation expense in our consolidated statements of operations because we had a full tax valuation allowance in impacted jurisdictions during these periods. As such, the table above does not reflect tax impacts of stock-based compensation expense.
(2)Capitalized stock-based compensation relates to direct labor costs associated with Carolina Lithium and Tennessee Lithium and is included in “Property, plant and mine development, net” in our consolidated balance sheets.
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A summary of activity relating to our share-based awards is presented in the following table:
20232022
Stock Option AwardsRestricted Stock UnitsPerformance Rights AwardsStock Option AwardsRestricted Stock UnitsPerformance Rights Awards
Balance at January 1264,733 36,167 44,468 272,504 51,277 30,000 
Granted41,846 39,597 42,128 135,957 17,437 29,120 
Exercised, surrendered or vested (13,411) (15,000)(14,285) 
Forfeited or expired (452) (19,458)(17,209) 
Balance at March 31306,579 61,901 86,596 374,003 37,220 59,120 
Granted29,890 31,452 26,517 58,949 7,972 10,348 
Exercised, surrendered or vested (12,576) (37,500)(9,219) 
Forfeited or expired   (719)  
Balance at June 30336,469 80,777 113,113 394,733 35,973 69,468 

Stock Option Awards

Stock options may be granted to employees, officers, non-employee directors and other service providers. For stock option awards, the fair value is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes valuation model and the expense is recognized over the option vesting period.

The following assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of stock options granted during the three months ended June 30, 2023:

Expected life of options (in years)
6.2
Risk-free interest rate
3.9%
Assumed volatility40.0%
Expected dividend rate
Restricted Stock Unit Awards
Restricted stock units (“RSUs”) are granted to employees and non-employee directors and recognized as stock-based compensation expense over the vesting period, subject to the passage of time and continued service during the vesting period, based on the market price of our common stock on the grant date. In some instances, awards may vest concurrently with or following an employee’s termination.
Performance Rights Awards
As of June 30, 2023, there were 44,468 unvested PRAs that could be earned based upon achievement of certain specified performance goals (“Performance PRAs”) and 68,645 unvested PRAs related to market goals based on a comparison of the Company's total shareholder return (“TSR”) relative to the TSR of a pre-determined set of peer group companies for the performance periods (“TSR PRAs”). The awards become eligible to vest only if the goals are achieved and will vest only if the grantee remains employed by us through each applicable vesting date. Each performance right automatically converts into one share of common stock upon vesting of the performance right.
We determine the fair value of Performance PRAs based upon the market price of our common stock on the grant date. Performance PRAs are subject to certain milestones related to construction, feasibility studies, and offtake agreements, which must be satisfied in order for PRAs to vest.
We estimate the fair value of the TSR PRAs at the grant date using a Monte Carlo simulation. The Monte Carlo simulation fair value model requires the use of highly subjective and complex assumptions, including price volatility of the underlying stock. A Monte Carlo simulation model was used to determine the grant date fair value by simulating a range of possible future stock prices for the Company and each member of the peer group over the performance periods. Compensation expense is recognized based upon the
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assumption of 100% achievement of the TSR goal and will not be reversed even if the threshold level of TSR is never achieved, and is reflected over the service period of the award. The number of shares that may vest ranges from 0% to 200% of the target amount. The awards, which range from 1 to 3 years, provide for a partial payout based on actual performance at the conclusion of the performance period.
Each performance right automatically converts into one share of common stock upon vesting of performance right.
Assumptions used in the Monte Carlo simulation for TSR PRAs granted during the three months ended June 30, 2023 were as follows:
Expected term (in years)
1 - 3
Risk-free interest rate4.9%
Assumed volatility60.0%
Expected dividend yield
8.EARNINGS PER SHARE
We compute basic and diluted earnings per common share by dividing net earnings by the respective weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the periods presented. Our calculation of diluted earnings per common share also includes the dilutive effects for the assumed vesting of outstanding options, RSUs, and PRAs based on the treasury stock method. In computing diluted earnings per share, the average stock price for the period is used in determining the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options. Diluted earnings per share excludes all dilutive potential shares if their effect is anti-dilutive.
Basic and diluted net loss per share is reflected in the following table:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2023202220232022
Net loss$(10,639,140)$(9,581,303)$(19,278,872)$(18,735,935)
Weighted-average number of common shares used in calculating basic and dilutive earnings per share
19,186,640 17,930,926 18,856,995 17,019,262 
Basic and diluted net loss per weighted-average share$(0.55)$(0.53)$(1.02)$(1.10)
For the three and six month ends June 30, 2023 and 2022, potentially dilutive shares were not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share because their effect would have been anti-dilutive in those periods. PRAs were not included as their performance obligations had not been met. The potentially dilutive and anti-dilutive shares not included in diluted net loss per share are presented in the following table:
June 30,
20232022
Stock options336,469 394,733 
RSUs80,777 35,973 
PRAs113,113 69,468 
Total potentially dilutive shares530,359 500,174 
9.INCOME TAXES

We recorded an income tax provision of $0.6 million on a loss before taxes of $10.0 million, and a provision of $0 on a loss before taxes of $9.6 million in the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. We recorded an income tax provision of $1.1 million on a loss before taxes of $18.1 million, and a provision of $0.0 million on a loss before taxes of $18.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. The effective tax rates were -6.5% and -6.3% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, and 0% for the three and six months ended June 30 2022.

The increase in the income tax provision of $1.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2023 was primarily due to the Australian tax effects of our gain on dilution and our proportional share of income in Sayona Mining during the six months ended June 30, 2023. See Note 3—Equity Method Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates for further discussion.
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We intend to continue maintaining a valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets until there is sufficient evidence to support the reversal of all or some portion of the allowance. However, given our anticipated future earnings, we believe that there is a reasonable possibility that within the next 12 months, sufficient positive evidence may become available to allow us to reach a conclusion that a material portion of the valuation allowance will no longer be needed. Release of the valuation allowance would result in the recognition of certain deferred tax assets and a decrease in income tax expense for the period in which the release is recorded. The exact timing and amount of the valuation allowance release are subject to change based on the level of profitability that we are able to achieve. We continually review the adequacy of our valuation allowance and intend to maintain a valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets where there is not sufficient evidence to support realizability.
10.SEGMENT REPORTING
We report our segment information in the same way management internally organizes the business in assessing performance and making decisions regarding allocation of resources in accordance with ASC Topic 280, “Segment Reporting. We have a single reportable operating segment that operates as a single business platform. In reaching this conclusion, management considered the definition of the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”), how the business is defined by the CODM, the nature of the information provided to the CODM, how the CODM uses such information to make operating decisions, and how resources and performance are assessed. The results of operations provided to and analyzed by the CODM are at the consolidated level, and accordingly, key resource decisions and assessment of performance are performed at the consolidated level. We have a single, common management team and our cash flows are reported and reviewed at the consolidated level only with no distinct cash flows at an individual business level.
11.COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal Proceedings
We are involved from time to time in various claims, proceedings, and litigation. We establish reserves for specific legal proceedings when we determine that the likelihood of an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated.
In July 2021, a lawsuit was filed against us in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York on behalf of a class of putative plaintiffs claiming violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). The complaint alleged, among other things, that we made false and/or misleading statements and/or failed to make disclosure relating to proper and necessary permits. In February 2022, the Court appointed a lead plaintiff in this action, and the lead plaintiff filed an amended complaint in April 2022. On July 18, 2022, we moved to dismiss the amended complaint. On September 1, 2022, the lead plaintiff filed his Memorandum of Law in Opposition to our Motion to Dismiss. On October 7, 2022, we filed our Reply Memorandum in support of our Motion to Dismiss. The Court has yet to rule on our Motion to Dismiss. We intend to vigorously defend against these claims should the amended complaint survive. Although there can be no assurance as to the outcome, we do not believe these claims have merit. The potential monetary relief, if any, is not probable and cannot be estimated at this time, accordingly, we have not recorded a liability for this matter.
On October 14, 2021, Vincent Varbaro, a purported holder of Piedmont Australia’s American Depositary Shares and the Company’s equity securities, filed a shareholder derivative suit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, purporting to bring claims on behalf of the Company against certain of the Company’s officers and directors. The complaint alleges that the defendants breached their fiduciary duties in connection with the Company’s statements regarding the timing and status of government permits for Carolina Lithium in North Carolina, at various times between March 16, 2018 and July 19, 2021. No litigation demand was made to the Company in connection with this action. In December 2021, the parties agreed to a stipulation to stay the proceeding pending resolution of the motion to dismiss in the securities law matters described in the immediately preceding paragraph, and the Court ordered the case stayed. We intend to vigorously defend against these claims. Although there can be no assurance as to the outcome, we do not believe these claims have merit. The potential monetary relief, if any, is not probable and cannot be estimated at this time; accordingly, we have not recorded a liability for this matter.
On July 5, 2022, Brad Thomascik, a purported shareholder of the Company’s equity securities, filed a shareholder derivative lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York. On behalf of the Company, the lawsuit purports to bring claims against certain of the Company’s officers and directors. The complaint alleges that the defendants breached their fiduciary duties in connection with the Company’s statements regarding the timing and status of government permits for Carolina Lithium in North Carolina at various times between March 16, 2018 and July 19, 2021. No litigation demand was made to the Company in connection with this action. The lawsuit focuses on the same public statements as the shareholder derivative suit described above. In September 2022, the parties agreed to a stipulation to stay the proceeding pending resolution of the motion to dismiss in the securities law matters described in the second paragraph of this section, and the Court ordered the case stayed in October 2022. We intend to vigorously defend against these claims. Although there can be no assurance as to the outcome, we do not believe these claims have merit. The
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potential monetary relief, if any, is not probable and cannot be estimated at this time; accordingly, we have not recorded a liability for this matter.
Other Commitments and Contingencies
In May 2023, we entered into a community development agreement with the City of Cherryville, North Carolina, whereby we committed to fund $11.0 million as follows: (i) $1.0 million to support certain parks and recreation projects and the reestablishment of a department of recreation and (ii) $10.0 million paid in annual installments of $0.5 million over a 20-year period commencing upon the first shipment of lithium hydroxide. As part of the agreement, the City of Cherryville relinquished extraterritorial zoning jurisdiction over certain real property owned by Piedmont Lithium to Gaston County, North Carolina.
Item 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in our Quarterly Report. References in this Form 10-Q to our Form 10-K refer to our Form 10-K, filed on March 1, 2023, as amended by our Form 10-K/A on April 24, 2023. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates, and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in our Quarterly Report and those in the sections of our Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2022 entitled “Risk Factors,” “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements,” and “Cautionary Note Regarding Disclosure of Mineral Properties.”
This management’s discussion and analysis is a supplement to our financial statements, including notes, referenced elsewhere in our Quarterly Report and is provided to enhance your understanding of our operations and financial condition. This discussion is presented in millions, and due to rounding, may not sum or calculate precisely to the totals and percentages provided in the tables.
Executive Overview & Strategy
We are a U.S. development-stage company with the aim of becoming one of the leading producers of lithium hydroxide in North America. As the world, the American government, and industries mobilize to support global decarbonization through the electrification of transportation, we are poised to become a critical contributor to the U.S. electric vehicle and battery manufacturing supply chains.
Since 2021, electric vehicle and battery companies have announced significant commitments to build new or expanded manufacturing operations across the U.S., which is expected to exponentially and rapidly drive the domestic demand for lithium over the next decade, far beyond current or projected capacity. Piedmont Lithium, as a U.S. based company, is well positioned to benefit from federal policies and funding established to facilitate the expedited development of a robust domestic supply chain and clean energy economy, while strengthening national and global energy security. A challenge faced by the industry is that while manufacturing facilities for electric vehicles, batteries, and related components are typically constructed in two to three years, the development of lithium resources from exploration to production requires a much longer time frame. We believe that time, specifically this development timeline disparity, is the greatest risk to the emerging electrification industry, but also represents opportunities for lithium producers.
To support growing U.S. lithium demand, we have spent the past seven years developing a portfolio of four projects, including wholly-owned Tennessee Lithium and Carolina Lithium, and strategic investments in Quebec with Sayona Mining and Sayona Quebec, and in Ghana with Atlantic Lithium. Our strategic investments in Sayona Mining and Sayona Quebec began supplying the market in the third qaurter 2023 with first shipments from NAL beginning in July 2023. Our investment in Ewoyaa is expected to produce spodumene concentrate in 2025, and we anticipate spodumene concentrate from Ghana and Quebec will serve as the primary feedstock for Tennessee Lithium. Our operation in Tennessee is being designed to produce 30,000 metric tons annually of lithium hydroxide with planned production expected to commence in 2026. Carolina Lithium is located within a world-class, historic lithium belt in North Carolina. This integrated spodumene-to-hydroxide project is being developed to produce 30,000 metric tons annually of lithium hydroxide and is expected to begin production in 2027.
We currently plan to produce an estimated 60,000 metric tons per year of domestic lithium hydroxide, which would be significantly accretive to today’s total estimated U.S. annual production capacity of just 17,000 metric tons per year. Our lithium hydroxide capacity and revenue generation is expected to be supported by production of, or offtake rights to, approximately 525,000 metric tons of spodumene concentrate annually.
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Our projects and strategic investments are being developed on a measured timeline to provide the potential for near-term cash flow and long-term value maximization. The timelines described above are subject to permitting, approvals, funding, successful project execution, and market dynamics. We also continue to evaluate opportunities to further expand our resource base and production capacity. These diversified operations should enable us to play a pivotal role in supporting U.S. and global energy independence as a key contributor to the electric vehicle and battery manufacturing supply chains.
As we continue to advance our goal of becoming one of the leading manufacturers of lithium products in North America, we expect to capitalize on our competitive strengths, including the potential for significant near-term offtake and revenue generation, scale and diversification of lithium resources, advantageous locations of projects and assets, access to a variety of potential funding options, opportunities to leverage our greenfield projects, and a highly experienced management team. Advancements that have been made toward this effort are highlighted below.
Corporate and Project Updates
Corporate
We continue to engage in activities to strengthen our financial position and business strategy, including support for the development and expansion of our portfolio of projects, strategic investments, and corporate operations.
In February 2023, we received $75 million in gross proceeds from LG Chem as a part of their strategic investment in Piedmont Lithium and in conjunction with a multi-year spodumene concentrate offtake agreement. In exchange, LG Chem received 1,096,535 newly issued shares of common stock in Piedmont Lithium at a price of $68.40 per share.
Quebec
We own equity interests of approximately 12% in Sayona Mining and 25% in Sayona Quebec. Sayona Mining owns the remaining 75% equity interest in Sayona Quebec. Sayona Quebec owns a portfolio of projects, which includes NAL, the Authier Lithium Project, and the Tansim Lithium Project. We hold an offtake agreement with Sayona Quebec for the greater of 113,000 metric tons per year of spodumene concentrate or 50% of spodumene concentrate production from NAL at market prices, subject to a price floor of $500 per metric ton and a price ceiling of $900 per metric ton for 6.0% Li2O spodumene concentrate on a life-of-mine basis. We expect to purchase spodumene concentrate, which is currently being produced at NAL, from Sayona Quebec and make shipments to our customers beginning in the third quarter of 2023.
Recent highlights include:
In August 2023, NAL made its inaugural spodumene concentrate shipment of 20,500 metric tons from the Port of Quebec City, Canada.
In June 2023, Sayona Mining released a preliminary technical study for lithium carbonate production at the NAL mine. The NAL site includes a lithium carbonate facility that was partially completed by prior owners of the operation. Sayona Mining and Piedmont Lithium plan to work together with technical advisors to perform a trade-off study of lithium carbonate versus lithium hydroxide production at NAL and complete a definitive technical study for publication in 2024.
For Sayona Quebec to proceed with the construction and operation of a lithium carbonate conversion plant or lithium hydroxide conversion plant, approvals are required from both Piedmont Lithium and Sayona Mining. In the event Piedmont Lithium and Sayona Mining decide to jointly construct and operate a lithium conversion plant through their jointly-owned entity, Sayona Quebec, then spodumene concentrate produced from NAL would be preferentially delivered to that conversion plant upon commencement of conversion operations. Any remaining spodumene concentrate not delivered to a jointly-owned conversion plant would first be delivered to Piedmont Lithium up to our offtake right and then to third party customers of Sayona Quebec.
In April 2023, Sayona Mining released a DFS for NAL in accordance with JORC Code and NI43-101 requirements. Based on a production target which relies on ore reserves only and excludes any mineral resources in the inferred category, the DFS contemplates annual spodumene concentrate production averaging 190,000 metric tons per year over a 20-year mine life and targets of 226,000 metric tons per year in years one through four of steady state operations and 186,000 metric tons per year beginning in year five. The production targets included in the DFS, combined with higher spodumene concentrate pricing, resulted in an increase to the net present value for the NAL project compared to the prefeasibility study completed in 2022.
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In March 2023, Sayona Mining and Piedmont Lithium announced the successful restart of commercial spodumene concentrate production at the jointly owned NAL project. The restart of NAL was completed on time and is expected to be the only major source of new spodumene production expected in North America in the next two years.
In February 2023, we entered into a spodumene concentrate offtake agreement with LG Chem, which commits us to sell 200,000 metric tons of spodumene concentrate from our offtake agreement with Sayona Quebec. The term of the agreement expires four years from the date of first shipment, which is expected to occur in the third quarter of 2023 with the final shipment expected in the third quarter of 2027. Pricing for the agreement is determined by a market-based mechanism.
In January 2023, we entered into an amended offtake agreement with Tesla to provide spodumene concentrate from NAL in Quebec. The agreement commits us to sell 125,000 metric tons of spodumene concentrate from our offtake agreement with Sayona Quebec. The three-year agreement commences in the second half of 2023 and can be extended for an additional three years upon mutual agreement. Pricing for the agreement is determined by a market-based mechanism.
Ghana
We own an equity interest of approximately 9% in Atlantic Lithium, and we have a right to acquire 50% equity interest in Atlantic Lithium Ghana, which includes Ewoyaa, their flagship project located approximately 70 miles from the Port of Takoradi in West Africa, Ghana. We hold an offtake agreement with Atlantic Lithium for 50% of annual production of spodumene concentrate at market prices on a life-of-mine basis from Ewoyaa. As part of our strategy, we expect to transport our 50% offtake of spodumene concentrate from Ewoyaa to the U.S. to serve as the primary feedstock for lithium hydroxide conversion at Tennessee Lithium.
Recent highlights include:
In June 2023, Atlantic Lithium released a DFS for the Ewoyaa project in accordance with JORC Code requirements. When implementing a mine plan developed on the basis of 25.6 million metric tons at 1.22% Li2O of probable ore reserves only and excluding any mineral resources in the inferred category, the DFS delivers a production target of approximately 340,000 metric tons per year of spodumene concentrate over a 11-year mine life. With the completion of the DFS, we expect to proceed into project development and earn the first 22.5% ownership interest in Atlantic Lithium Ghana in the second half of 2023. Our future equity interest ownership is contingent upon making an election to proceed with Phase 2.
In June 2023, our Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, Patrick Brindle, was appointed to Atlantic Lithium’s Board of Directors.
In May 2023, Atlantic Lithium appointed Keith Muller as Chief Executive Officer of the company. Mr. Muller previously joined Atlantic in November 2022 as Chief Operating Officer and has more than 20 years of experience in hard rock mining with specific experience in hard rock lithium mining and dense medium separation from his prior leadership roles at Allkem and Galaxy Resources.
In October 2022, Atlantic Lithium announced the submission of a mining lease application for Ewoyaa to the Minerals Commission of Ghana.

Construction of the mine and concentrator is expected to begin at Ewoyaa in 2024, and production of spodumene concentrate is targeted for 2025, subject to receipt of a mining lease, approval of environmental studies, parliamentary ratification, and other statutory requirements.
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Tennessee Lithium
Tennessee Lithium is being designed as a world-class lithium hydroxide facility in America’s emerging “Battery Belt” and is expected to add 30,000 metric tons per year of lithium hydroxide production capacity to the U.S. supply chain. We expect the plant to be one of the most sustainable lithium hydroxide operations in the world and will utilize the innovative Metso:Outotec alkaline pressure leaching technology. Use of this technology is expected to reduce solid waste, create fewer emissions, and improve capital and operating costs relative to incumbent technologies.
Recent highlights include:
In July 2023, we received our conditional major Non-Title V Construction and Operating Air Permit (“Air Permit”) for Tennessee Lithium from the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (“TDEC”). With the receipt of the Air Permit for the planned 30,000 metric ton per year lithium hydroxide manufacturing plant, we now hold all the material permits required to begin construction at Tennessee Lithium.
In April 2023, we released the results of a DFS for Tennessee Lithium. The DFS reflects Tennessee Lithium having a 30-year project life with an estimated after-tax net present value of $2.5 billion and an estimated after-tax internal rate of return of 32%. These estimates are based on pricing assumptions of $26,000 per metric ton for lithium hydroxide and $1,600 per metric ton for spodumene concentrate (6.0% Li2O).
In April 2023, we received our construction stormwater permit for Tennessee Lithium from TDEC.
In October 2022, Piedmont Lithium was selected for a $141.7 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy (“DOE”) to expand domestic manufacturing of batteries for electric vehicles and the electrical grid and for materials and components currently imported from other countries. The funding is tied specifically to the construction of Tennessee Lithium. The grant will not be final until Piedmont Lithium and the DOE have agreed to specific terms and conditions of the grant. Once terms and conditions are finalized, funding of the grant will remain subject to the satisfaction of conditions set forth in those terms.
Front-end engineering design (“FEED”) of Tennessee Lithium is being performed by Kiewit, a leading U.S. based Engineering Procurement and Construction (“EPC”) firm. Kiewit is supported by Primero, an EPC firm specializing in lithium projects. FEED completion is expected in 2023, and we plan to commence detailed design engineering upon completion of FEED. Contingent upon the receipt of the necessary permits and completion of financing activities, we anticipate construction to begin in 2024 with first production of lithium hydroxide targeted for 2026.
Carolina Lithium
Carolina Lithium is located within a world-class resource in the Carolina Tin-Spodumene Belt and is being designed as a fully integrated project with mining, spodumene concentrate production, and lithium hydroxide manufacturing on a single site in Gaston County, North Carolina. Carolina Lithium is expected to produce 30,000 metric tons per year of lithium hydroxide. We are currently engaged in permitting activities with state and local representatives. Our goal is to obtain the necessary material permits in 2024. We expect to proceed with rezoning following receipt of a state mining permit. Construction will commence upon receipt of required permits, rezoning, local approvals, and project financing activities, with first production of lithium hydroxide targeted for 2027.
A feasibility study completed in December 2021 estimated a project capital investment requirement of approximately $1 billion, inclusive of potential recovery of byproduct mineral resources. Due to the expected quality of this hard rock lithium asset, integration of the operation, existing infrastructure, and proximity to lithium and byproduct markets, we believe Carolina Lithium will be one of the lowest cost lithium hydroxide manufacturing operations in the world.
Recent highlights include:
We submitted our mining permit application to the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (“NCDEQ”) and Department of Energy, Mineral and Land Resources (“DEMLR”) in August 2021. In May 2023, DEMLR issued their third Additional Information Request, seeking further clarification on our plans to address environmental monitoring and mitigation. We expect to provide a thorough, timely response to the Additional Information Request.
A Prevention of Significant Deterioration–Title V Air Permit application has been submitted to the NCDEQ Division of Air Quality and this application was deemed complete in February 2023.
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Critical Accounting Polices and Estimates
Our management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our unaudited consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements as well as the reported expenses incurred during the reporting periods. Our estimates are based on our historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
There have been no material changes in the significant accounting policies followed by us during the six months ended June 30, 2023, from those disclosed in our Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2022.
COVID-19 Response
To protect the health and safety of our employees, contractors, visitors, and communities, we implemented a comprehensive plan in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our plan included policies and protocols governing issues such as close contact exposure and contraction of COVID-19 and other communicable diseases, providing employees with additional personal protective equipment and allowing our employees to work remotely. We have provided paid time off for employees impacted by COVID-19, reimbursed employees for costs associated with COVID-19 testing, provided time for employees to get vaccinated, and encouraged flexible work schedules to accommodate personal and family needs. Currently, the rate of COVID-19 outbreaks in the U.S. appears to be significantly reduced, but the possibility of new strains emerging continues to pose a risk. While our business has not been materially impacted, the global economy and our markets have been, and may continue to be, materially and adversely effected by COVID-19. If the impact of COVID-19 is not effectively and timely controlled on a sustained basis going forward, our business operations and financial condition may be materially and adversely effected by factors that we cannot foresee. Any of these factors and other factors beyond our control could have an adverse effect on the overall business environment, cause uncertainties in the regions where we conduct business, cause our business to suffer in ways that we cannot predict and materially and adversely impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
Components of our Results of Operations
Exploration and Mine Development Costs
We incur costs in resource exploration, evaluation, and development during the different phases of our resource development projects. Exploration costs incurred before the declaration of proven and probable mineral reserves, which primarily include exploration, drilling, engineering, metallurgical testwork, site-specific reclamation, and compensation for employees associated with exploration activities, are expensed as incurred. We have also expensed as incurred engineering costs attributable to the evaluation of land for our future concentrator and chemical plants, development project management costs, feasibility studies and other project expenses that do not qualify for capitalization. After proven and probable mineral reserves are declared, exploration and mine development costs necessary to bring the property to commercial capacity or increase the capacity or useful life will be capitalized.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses relate to overhead costs, such as employee compensation and benefits for corporate management and office staff including accounting, legal, human resources, and other support personnel, professional service fees, insurance, and costs associated with maintaining our corporate headquarters. Included in employee compensation costs are cash and stock-based compensation expenses.
Loss from Equity Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates
Loss from equity investments in unconsolidated affiliates reflects our proportionate share of the net loss resulting from our investments in Sayona Mining, Sayona Quebec, and Atlantic Lithium. These investments are recorded under the equity method and adjusted each period, on a one-quarter lag, for our share of each investee’s loss. Our equity method investments are an integral and integrated part of our ongoing operations. We have determined this justifies a more meaningful and transparent presentation of our proportional share of income in our equity method investments as a component of our loss from operations. In the third quarter of 2022, we reclassified our share of loss in equity method investments to operating income for all periods presented. See Note 3—Equity Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates for further discussion.
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Other Income (Expense)
Other income (expense) consists of interest income (expense), foreign currency exchange gain (loss), and gain on dilution of equity method investments in unconsolidated affiliates. Interest income consists of interest earned on our cash and cash equivalents. Interest expense consists of interest incurred on long-term debt related to noncash acquisitions of mining interests financed by sellers as well as interest incurred for lease liabilities. Foreign currency exchange gain (loss) relates to our foreign bank accounts denominated in Canadian dollars and Australian dollars, and marketable securities denominated in Australian dollars. Gain (loss) on dilution of equity method investments in unconsolidated affiliates relates to our reduction in ownership of Sayona Mining and Atlantic Lithium due to their issuance of additional shares through public offerings and employee stock compensation grants.
Results of Operations
Three Months Ended June 30, 2023 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
Three Months Ended
June 30,
20232022$ Change% Change
Exploration and mine development costs$440,190 $882,874 $(442,684)(50.1)%
General and administrative expenses11,986,634 7,461,365 4,525,269 60.6%
Total operating expenses12,426,824 8,344,239 4,082,585 48.9%
Loss from equity investments in unconsolidated affiliates(2,675,145)(1,155,379)(1,519,766)131.5%
Loss from operations(15,101,969)(9,499,618)(5,602,351)59.0%
Other income (expense)5,111,640 (81,685)5,193,325 *
Income tax expense648,811 — 648,811 *
Net loss$(10,639,140)$(9,581,303)$(1,057,837)11.0%
__________________________
* Not meaningful.
Exploration and Mine Development Costs
Exploration and mine development costs decreased $0.4 million, or 50.1%, to $0.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2023 compared to $0.9 million in the three months ended June 30, 2022. The decrease was primarily driven by a decrease in exploration and engineering costs related to new project targets, partially offset by an increase in employee compensation expenses driven by additional headcount in the three months ended June 30, 2023 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2022.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses increased $4.5 million, or 60.6%, to $12.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2023 compared to $7.5 million in the three months ended June 30, 2022. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to increased employee compensation costs due to the hiring of additional management and support staff at our headquarters in Belmont, North Carolina. Stock-based compensation expense included in general and administrative expenses was $3.1 million and $1.3 million in the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Increased professional fees and consulting services also contributed to higher general and administrative expenses in the three months ended June 30, 2023 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2022.
Loss from Equity Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates
Loss from equity investments in unconsolidated affiliates increased $1.5 million or 131.5% to $2.7 million in the three months ended June 30, 2023 from $1.2 million in the three months ended June 30, 2022. The loss reflects our proportionate share of the net loss resulting from our investments in Sayona Mining, Sayona Quebec, and Atlantic Lithium. The change was primarily driven by an increase in loss from Sayona Quebec due to increased costs to ramp-up production at NAL.
Other Income (Expense)
Other income was $5.1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2023 compared to a nominal expense in the three months ended June 30, 2022. The increase of $5.2 million was primarily due to our gain on dilution of equity method investments of $4.0 million
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related to Sayona Mining in the three months ended June 30, 2023 and, to a lesser extent, an increase in interest income of $1.2 million during the same period.
Income Tax Expense
Income tax expense was $0.6 million in the three months ended June 30, 2023 compared to $0 in the three months ended June 30, 2022. The increase was primarily related to deferred tax expense of $0.6 million associated with the Australian tax effects of our gain on dilution and our proportional share of income in Sayona Mining in the three months ended June 30, 2023. We recorded a valuation allowance against a material component of our net deferred tax assets as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.
Six Months Ended June 30, 2023 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
Six Months Ended
June 30,
20232022$ Change% Change
Exploration and mine development costs$1,196,964 $1,050,712 $146,252 13.9%
General and administrative expenses20,608,084 13,039,370 7,568,714 58.0%
Total operating expenses21,805,048 14,090,082 7,714,966 54.8%
Loss from equity investments in unconsolidated affiliates(5,417,509)(4,544,882)(872,627)19.2%
Loss from operations(27,222,557)(18,634,964)(8,587,593)46.1%
Other income (expense)9,085,839 (100,971)9,186,810 *
Tax expense1,142,154 — 1,142,154 *
Net loss$(19,278,872)$(18,735,935)$(542,937)2.9%
__________________________
* Not meaningful.
Exploration and Mine Development Costs
Exploration and mine development costs increased $0.1 million, or 13.9%, to $1.2 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 compared to $1.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2022. The increase was primarily driven by an increase in exploration and engineering costs related to new project targets and an increase in employee compensation expenses primarily related to additional headcount in the first half of 2023.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses increased $7.6 million, or 58.0%, to $20.6 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 compared to $13.0 million in the six months ended June 30, 2022. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to increased employee compensation costs due to the hiring of additional management and support staff at our headquarters in Belmont, North Carolina. Stock-based compensation expense included in general and administrative expenses was $4.2 million and $1.4 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Increased professional fees and consulting services also contributed to higher general and administrative expenses in the six months ended June 30, 2023 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Loss from Equity Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates
Loss from equity investments in unconsolidated affiliates increased $0.9 million, or 19.2% to $5.4 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 compared to $4.5 million in the six months ended June 30, 2022. The loss reflects our proportionate share of the net loss resulting from our investments in Sayona Mining, Sayona Quebec, and Atlantic Lithium. The change was driven by an increase in loss from Sayona Quebec of $1.4 million, partially offset by a decrease in losses from Atlantic Lithium and Sayona Mining of $0.3 million, $0.2 million, respectively.
Other Income (Expense)
Other income increased was $9.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 compared to $0.1 million of expense in the six months ended June 30, 2022. The increase of $9.2 million was primarily due to our gain on dilution of equity method investments of
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$7.2 million, related to Sayona Mining, in the six months ended June 30, 2023 and, to a lesser extent, an increase in interest income of $1.9 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Income Tax Expense
Income tax expense was $1.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 compared to $0 in the six months ended June 30, 2022. The increase was primarily related to deferred tax expense of $1.1 million associated with the Australian tax effects of our gain on dilution and our proportional share of income in Sayona Mining in the six months ended June 30, 2023.
We recorded a valuation allowance against a material component of our net deferred tax assets as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022. We intend to continue maintaining a valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets until there is sufficient evidence to support the reversal of all or some portion of the allowance. However, given our anticipated future earnings, we believe that there is a reasonable possibility that within the next 12 months, sufficient positive evidence may become available to allow us to reach a conclusion that a material portion of the valuation allowance will no longer be needed. Release of the valuation allowance would result in the recognition of certain deferred tax assets and a decrease in income tax expense for the period in which the release is recorded. The exact timing and amount of the valuation allowance release are subject to change based on the level of profitability that we are able to achieve.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Overview
As of June 30, 2023, we had cash and cash equivalents of $88.7 million compared to $99.2 million as of December 31, 2022. As of June 30, 2023, the vast majority of our cash balances were held in the U.S. A significant portion of our cash balances are covered by Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insured limits.
Our predominant source of cash has been generated through equity financing from issuances of our common stock. Since our inception, we have not generated revenues, and as such, have principally relied on equity financing to fund our operating and investing activities and to fund our debt payments. In February 2023, we issued 1,096,535 shares of our common stock at $68.40 per share to LG Chem for $75 million. We received cash proceeds of $71.1 million, which is net of $3.9 million in share issuance costs associated with the private placement. As of June 30, 2023, we had $369.2 million remaining under our shelf registration statement, which expires on September 24, 2024.
Our primary uses of cash during the six months ended June 30, 2023 consisted of: (i) purchases of real property and associated mining interests of $14.4 million and exploration and development expenditures of $1.4 million associated with Carolina Lithium; (ii) equity investments in Sayona Quebec mainly for the operational restart of NAL totaling $28.1 million; (iii) capital expenditures primarily related to engineering costs of $12.6 million for Tennessee Lithium; (iv) $4.2 million in working capital; and (v) advances to Atlantic Lithium for exploration and evaluation activities as part of Phase 1 of our investment in Ewoyaa totaling $4.7 million.
As of June 30, 2023, we had working capital of $80.9 million and long-term debt of $0.1 million, net of the current portion of $0.3 million, related to seller financed debt, as discussed above.
Liquidity Outlook
We expect our current cash balances to fund our cash expenditures in 2023 primarily related to: (i) continued equity investments in Sayona Quebec primarily for the restart and working capital requirements of NAL; (ii) continued cash advances to Atlantic Lithium for Ewoyaa; (iii) real property acquisition costs and engineering and permitting activities associated with Tennessee Lithium; (iv) real property and associated mineral rights acquisition costs and continued permitting, engineering, and testing activities associated with Carolina Lithium; and (v) working capital requirements.
We expect to generate cash flow from sales of spodumene concentrate to customers from our offtake supply agreement with Sayona Quebec beginning in the third quarter of 2023. We plan to use net proceeds from our sales to customers to primarily fund construction of Phase 2 for Ewoyaa as well as other cash expenditures, as discussed above. We believe Sayona Quebec will become self-sufficient, or mostly self-sufficient, through sales of spodumene concentrate to third party customers and Piedmont Lithium beginning in the third quarter of 2023, and as a result, we expect a material decline in, or ceasing of, cash investments into Sayona Quebec beginning in the fourth quarter of 2023. Currently, there are no plans for future cash distributions from Sayona Quebec to its joint-venture partners, Piedmont Lithium and Sayona Mining.
26

As of June 30, 2023, we had entered into land acquisition contracts in North Carolina and Tennessee totaling $35.7 million, of which we expect to close and fund $14.9 million for the remainder of 2023, $16.3 million in 2024, and $4.5 million in 2025. These amounts do not include closing costs such as attorneys’ fees, taxes, and commissions. We are not obligated to exercise our land option agreements, and we are able to cancel our land acquisition contracts, at our option with de minimis cancellation costs, during the contract due diligence period. Certain land option agreements and land acquisition contracts become binding upon commencement of construction for Carolina Lithium.

We believe our current cash balances are sufficient to fund our cash requirements for at least the next 12 months. In the event costs were to exceed our planned expenditures, we will reduce or eliminate current and/or planned discretionary spending. If further reductions are required, we will reduce certain non-discretionary expenditures.

In October 2022, Piedmont Lithium was selected for a $141.7 million grant from the DOE Office of Manufacturing and Energy Supply Chains and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy under the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law—Battery Materials Processing and Battery Manufacturing to expand domestic manufacturing of batteries for electric vehicles and components currently imported from other countries. Funding from the grant is solely in support of the construction of Tennessee Lithium. The final details of the project grant are subject to negotiations. The grant will not be final until Piedmont Lithium and the DOE have agreed to the specific terms of the grant. Once the terms have been finalized, funding of the grant will remain subject to satisfaction of conditions set forth in those terms.

Historically, we have been successful raising cash through equity financing; however, no assurances can be given that additional financing will be available in amounts sufficient to meet our needs or on terms that are acceptable to us. If we issue additional shares of our common stock, it would result in dilution to our existing shareholders. There are many factors that could significantly impact our ability to raise funds through equity and debt financing as well as influence the timing of future cash flows. See Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this Form 10-Q.
Cash Flows
The following table is a condensed schedule of cash flows provided as part of the discussion of liquidity and capital resources:
Six Months Ended
June 30,
Net cash provided by (used in):20232022
Operating activities$(19,688,001)$(17,853,851)
Investing activities(61,655,735)(28,688,172)
Financing activities70,845,192 121,330,736 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents$(10,498,544)$74,788,713 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Operating activities used $19.7 million and $17.9 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, resulting in an increase in cash used in operating activities of $1.8 million. The increase was primarily due to an increase in net loss of $2.7 million after adjusting for noncash items, including gain on dilution, loss from equity method investments, stock compensation expense, and deferred taxes. This increase in cash outflows from operating activities was partially offset by a decrease in working capital use of $0.9 million.
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Investing activities used $61.7 million and $28.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, resulting in an increase in cash used in investing activities of $33.0 million. The increase was primarily due to an increase in investments in affiliates of $18.2 million primarily relating to Sayona Quebec for additional investments to fund the NAL restart. Also contributing to the increase was increased capital expenditures of $12.6 million and $4.6 million for Tennessee Lithium and Carolina Lithium, respectively. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in cash advances to Atlantic Lithium of $2.4 million for exploration and evaluation activities related to Phase 1 of Ewoyaa.
27

Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Financing activities provided $70.8 million and $121.3 million in the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, resulting in a decrease in cash provided of $50.5 million. The decrease in cash from financing activities was mainly due to a $51.1 million decrease in net cash proceeds from issuances of our common stock and cash exercises of stock options in the six months ended June 30, 2023 compared to June 30, 2022. The decrease in cash provided was partially offset by a decrease in debt payments totaling $0.6 million.

Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Other than the items listed below, there have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in Part II, Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk in our Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2022.
The transportation industry is faced with economic inflation and possible recession. A prolonged period of inflation could result in increased interest rates, higher fuel prices, and decreased consumer spending, which could have a negative impact on our business and financial results. The results of these impacts could include supply chain instability, longer lead times, delayed orders, and continued issues with capacity constraints in driver, truck, and shipping container availability.

Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, global supply chains have experienced increased fuel prices. While we do not have direct exposure to these geographies, we cannot predict how global supply chain activities, or the economy at large may be impacted by a prolonged war in Ukraine or sanctions imposed in response to the war.
Item 4.    Controls and Procedures.
Our management, under supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (our Principal Executive Officer) and Chief Financial Officer (our Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer), evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of June 30, 2023. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2023. Any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in internal control over financial reporting identified in the evaluation for the quarter ended June 30, 2023 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
28

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.
Information regarding legal proceedings is contained in Note 11 — Commitments and Contingencies of the unaudited consolidated financial statements contained in this report and is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 1A.    RISK FACTORS.
Other than the items listed below, there have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors in our Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2022.
Our cash and cash equivalents could be adversely effected if the financial institutions in which it holds its cash and cash equivalents fail.
We maintain cash deposits in accounts that, at times may exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits by the FDIC. If one or more of the financial institutions in which we hold cash deposits fails, we could lose all or a portion of our uninsured cash balances. If access to our cash accounts in the future is impaired, whether temporarily or otherwise, we may be unable to pay our operational expenses such as payroll or make other payments. There can be no assurance that the FDIC will take actions to support deposits in excess of existing FDIC insured limits. If banks and financial institutions enter receivership or become insolvent in the future, including the financial institutions in which we, our equity method investments, or our customers hold cash, our and their ability to access existing cash, cash equivalents, and investments may be threatened and could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition. In addition, there is a risk that one or more of our current service providers, financial institutions, and other partners may be adversely affected by the foregoing risks, which could directly affect our ability to conduct our business plans on schedule and on budget.
The planned Tennessee Lithium project will be dependent upon our ability to source spodumene concentrate feedstock to be converted to lithium hydroxide at the facility.
Tennessee Lithium will depend upon sourcing spodumene concentrate to produce lithium hydroxide. We intend to provide spodumene concentrate to Tennessee Lithium from our international assets, primarily the Ewoyaa Lithium Project in Ghana. While we do not have reason to believe that spodumene concentrate from Ewoyaa would not be available, we expect there to be options available for exploring alternative sources to feed Tennessee Lithium, if needed, especially given the benefits of the Inflation Reduction Act for producers who supply the U.S. electric vehicle market. However, we cannot guarantee our ability to source spodumene concentrate, and our inability to do so would negatively impact our ability to produce lithium hydroxide in Tennessee.
Item 2.    UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.
None.
Item 3.    DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.
None.
Item 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.
Not applicable because we do not currently operate any mines subject to the U.S. Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977.
Item 5.    OTHER INFORMATION.
During the three months ended June 30, 2023, no director or officer of the Company adopted or terminated a “Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement” or “non-Rule10b5-1 trading arrangement,” as each term is defined in item 408(a) of Regulation S-K.
29

Item 6.    EXHIBITS.
Exhibit Index
Exhibit
Number
Description
Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Piedmont Lithium Inc. (filed with the SEC as Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K12B filed on May 18, 2021)
Amended and Restated Bylaws of Piedmont Lithium Inc. (filed with the SEC as Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 24, 2023)
Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS*XBRL Instance Document - - embedded within the Inline XBRL document
101.SCH*XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB*XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE*XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104*Cover page Interactive Data file (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).
__________________________
*Filed herewith.

30

SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
Piedmont Lithium Inc.
(Registrant)
Date: August 7, 2023By:/s/ Michael White
Michael White
 Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

31
EX-31.1 2 ex311-10q_q2x2023.htm EX-31.1 Document

Exhibit 31.1
I, Keith D. Phillips, certify that:
1.I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2023 of Piedmont Lithium Inc. (the “Company”);
2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the Company as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.The Company’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15(d)-15(f)) for the Company and have:
(a)Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the Company, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b)Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c)Evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d)Disclosed in this report any change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The Company’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the Company’s auditors and the audit committee of the Company’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
(a)All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the Company’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b)Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date:August 7, 2023
By:/s/ Keith D. Phillips
Name:Keith D. Phillips
Title:President and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)

EX-31.2 3 ex312-10q_q2x2023.htm EX-31.2 Document

Exhibit 31.2
I, Michael White, certify that:
1.I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2023 of Piedmont Lithium Inc. (the “Company”);
2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the Company as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.The Company’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15(d)-15(f)) for the Company and have:
(a)Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the Company, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b)Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c)Evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d)Disclosed in this report any change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The Company’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the Company’s auditors and the audit committee of the Company’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
(a)All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the Company’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b)Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date:August 7, 2023
By:/s/ Michael White
Name:Michael White
Title:Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

EX-32.1 4 ex321-10q_q2x2023.htm EX-32.1 Document

Exhibit 32.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report of Piedmont Lithium Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2023 (the “Report”) as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof, I, Keith D. Phillips, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to my knowledge:
1.the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, as amended; and
2.the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date:August 7, 2023
By:/s/ Keith D. Phillips
Name:Keith D. Phillips
Title:President and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)

EX-32.2 5 ex322-10q_q2x2023.htm EX-32.2 Document

Exhibit 32.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report of Piedmont Lithium Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2023 (the “Report”) as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof, I, Michael White, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to my knowledge:
1.the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, as amended; and
2.the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date:August 7, 2023
By:
/s/ Michael White
Name:
Michael White
Title:Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

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