EX-2.1 2 d920540dex21.htm EX-2.1 EX-2.1

Exhibit 2.1

 

EXECUTION VERSION

 

 

 

 

BUSINESS COMBINATION AGREEMENT

 

by and among

 

LEO HOLDINGS CORP.,

 

DIGITAL MEDIA SOLUTIONS HOLDINGS, LLC,

 

CEP V DMS US BLOCKER COMPANY,

 

PRISM DATA, LLC,

 

CEP V-A DMS AIV LIMITED PARTNERSHIP,

 

CLAIRVEST EQUITY PARTNERS V LIMITED PARTNERSHIP,

 

CEP V CO-INVESTMENT LIMITED PARTNERSHIP,

 

CLAIRVEST GP MANAGECO INC., AS A SELLER REPRESENTATIVE,

 

AND

 

LEO INVESTORS LIMITED PARTNERSHIP (SOLELY FOR PURPOSES OF THE SPECIFIC SECTIONS IDENTIFIED HEREIN)

 

April 23, 2020

 

 

 

 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

ARTICLE I PRE-CLOSING TRANSACTIONS

4

1.1

Pre-Closing Transactions

4

 

 

 

ARTICLE II CLOSING TRANSACTIONS

5

2.1

Sale of Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares

5

2.2

Sale of Outstanding Company Units

5

 

 

 

ARTICLE III CLOSING

5

3.1

The Closing

5

3.2

Closing Deliverables

5

3.3

Post-Closing Adjustment

9

 

 

 

ARTICLE IV REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SELLERS

11

4.1

Standing; Qualification and Power

12

4.2

Ownership

12

4.3

Authority; Execution and Delivery; Enforceability

12

4.4

Brokers’ and Finders’ Fees

13

4.5

No Conflict; Consents

13

4.6

Litigation

13

4.7

Related Party Transactions

13

4.8

Seller Information

14

4.9

Securities Law Matters

14

4.10

Solvency

14

4.11

No Additional Representations

14

 

 

 

ARTICLE V REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE COMPANY

15

5.1

Standing; Qualification and Power

15

5.2

Capitalization of the Company Group

16

5.3

Authority; Execution and Delivery; Enforceability

17

5.4

No Conflict; Consents

17

5.5

Financial Statements

18

5.6

Absence of Certain Changes

19

5.7

Compliance with Law; Permits

19

5.8

Litigation

20

5.9

No Undisclosed Liabilities

21

5.10

Taxes

21

5.11

Intellectual Property; Privacy; Cybersecurity

22

5.12

Employees and Employee Benefits

25

5.13

Labor

27

5.14

Environmental Matters

28

5.15

Material Contracts

29

5.16

Related Person Transactions

30

 

i

 

5.17

Real and Personal Property

31

5.18

Insurance

32

5.19

Brokers’ and Finders’ Fees

32

5.20

Customers, Suppliers and Vendors

32

5.21

Company Information

32

5.22

Solvency

33

5.23

No Additional Representations

33

 

 

 

ARTICLE VI REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF BLOCKER CORP

34

6.1

Standing; Qualification and Power

34

6.2

Ownership; Capitalization of Blocker Corp.

34

6.3

Authority; Execution and Delivery; Enforceability

35

6.4

Brokers’ and Finders’ Fees

35

6.5

No Conflict; Consents

35

6.6

Litigation

36

6.7

Taxes

36

6.8

Blocker Corp Information

37

6.9

Assets; Operations; Liabilities

38

6.10

No Additional Representations

38

 

 

 

ARTICLE VII REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF LEO

39

7.1

Standing; Qualification and Power of Leo

39

7.2

Capitalization of Leo

40

7.3

Authority; Execution and Delivery; Enforceability

41

7.4

No Conflict; Consents

41

7.5

Absence of Certain Changes

42

7.6

Compliance with Law; Permits

42

7.7

Litigation

42

7.8

Leo SEC Reports; Financial Statements

42

7.9

Information Supplied

43

7.10

NYSE Stock Market Quotation

44

7.11

Board Approval; Stockholder Vote

44

7.12

Leo Material Contracts

44

7.13

Investment Company Act

44

7.14

Trust Account

45

7.15

Employee Benefit Plans

45

7.16

Assets; Title to Assets

45

7.17

Securities Laws Matters

46

7.18

Leo’s Business Investigation; Disclaimer Regarding Projections; No

 

 

Knowledge of Misrepresentation

46

7.19

Solvency

47

7.20

Brokers’ and Finders’ Fees

47

7.21

Taxes

47

7.22

PIPE Investments

49

7.23

Related Person Transactions

49

7.24

No Additional Representations

50

 

ii

 

ARTICLE VIII REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF SPONSOR

50

8.1

Standing; Qualification and Power

50

8.2

Authority; Execution and Delivery; Enforceability

51

8.3

Brokers’ and Finders’ Fees

51

8.4

No Conflict; Consents

51

8.5

Litigation

52

8.6

Sponsor Information

52

8.7

No Additional Representations

52

 

 

 

ARTICLE IX COVENANTS

53

9.1

Conduct of Business Prior to Closing

53

9.2

Access to Information

60

9.3

Confidentiality

60

9.4

Efforts to Consummate; Consents and Filings

61

9.5

Expenses; Transfer Taxes

62

9.6

Tax Matters

63

9.7

Section 280G

64

9.8

Publicity

64

9.9

Directors’ and Officers’ Indemnification and Insurance

65

9.10

Employee Matters

67

9.11

Control of Operations

68

9.12

Exclusivity

68

9.13

Trust Account

69

9.14

Proxy Statement; SEC Filings

70

9.15

Listing of Leo Common Stock

73

9.16

Section 16 of the Exchange Act

73

9.17

Notification of Certain Matters

73

9.18

Affiliate Agreements

74

9.19

Release

74

9.20

Company Member Consent

75

9.21

No Claim Against Trust Amount

75

9.22

Subscription Agreements

75

9.23

Names and Marks

76

9.24

Sponsor and Director Lock-Up

77

9.25

PCAOB Financial Statements

77

9.26

Extension

77

9.27

Refinancing

77

 

 

 

ARTICLE X CONDITIONS PRECEDENT

79

10.1

Conditions to Each Party’s Obligations

79

10.2

Conditions to Obligations of Leo

79

10.3

Conditions to the Obligations of the Sellers and the Company

81

 

 

 

ARTICLE XI TERMINATION

82

11.1

Termination

82

11.2

Effect of Termination

83

 

iii

 

 

 

 

ARTICLE XII GENERAL PROVISIONS

84

12.1

Seller Representatives

84

12.2

Survival

86

12.3

Notices

86

12.4

Severability

87

12.5

Specific Performance

88

12.6

Entire Agreement

88

12.7

Assignment

88

12.8

No Third-Party Beneficiaries

88

12.9

Amendment

88

12.10

Waiver

89

12.11

Governing Law; Jurisdiction

89

12.12

Waiver of Jury Trial

90

12.13

Recourse

90

12.14

Limitation on Damages

91

12.15

Disclosure Schedules

91

12.16

Interpretation

91

12.17

No Presumption Against Drafting Party

92

12.18

Company and the Seller Privilege

92

12.19

Execution of Agreement

92

 

EXHIBITS

 

 

Exhibit A

Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement

Exhibit B

Director Nomination Agreement

Exhibit C

Registration Rights Agreement

Exhibit D

Lock-Up Agreement

Exhibit E

Amended Warrant Agreement

Exhibit F

Amended Partnership Agreement

Exhibit G

Tax Receivables Agreement

Exhibit H

Surviving Company Certificate of Incorporation

Exhibit I

Surviving Company Bylaws

Exhibit J

FIRPTA Certificate

Exhibit K

Transaction Costs

 

Schedules

 

 

Company Disclosure Schedules

 

Leo Disclosure Schedules

 

 

iv

 

BUSINESS COMBINATION AGREEMENT, dated as of April 23, 2020 (this Agreement”), by and among Leo Holdings Corp., a Cayman Islands exempted company (“Leo”), Digital Media Solutions Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Company”), CEP V DMS US Blocker Company, a Delaware corporation (“Blocker Corp”), Prism Data, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Prism”), CEP V-A DMS AIV Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership (“Clairvest Direct Seller”), Clairvest Equity Partners V Limited Partnership, an Ontario, Canada limited partnership (“Blocker Seller 1”), CEP V Co-Investment Limited Partnership, a Manitoba, Canada limited partnership (“Blocker Seller 2“ and, together with Blocker Seller 1, “Blocker Sellers“ and, together with Prism and Clairvest Direct Seller, the “Sellers”), Clairvest GP Manageco Inc., an Ontario corporation (“Clairvest”) as a Seller Representative, and, solely for purposes of Section 1.1, Article VIII, Section 9.5(a)Section 9.14(f), Section 9.14(i), Section 9.24, Article X and Article XI (and any corresponding definitions set forth in Annex I), Leo Investors Limited Partnership, a Cayman limited partnership (“Sponsor“ and, together with Leo, the Company, Blocker Corp, Prism, Clairvest Direct Seller, Blocker Sellers and Clairvest, the “Parties”).

 

RECITALS

 

WHEREAS, Leo is a blank check company incorporated as a Cayman Islands exempted company on November 29, 2017, and formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, share purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one (1) or more businesses;

 

WHEREAS, (a) Prism is the beneficial owner of record of 23,960,000 Class A Units, which are all of the outstanding Class A Units (the Outstanding Class A Units”), (b) Clairvest Direct Seller is the beneficial owner of record of 2,289,679 Class B Units (the “Outstanding Class B Units“ and, together with the Outstanding Class A Units, the “Outstanding Company Units”), (c) Blocker Corp is the beneficial owner of record of 18,210,321 Class B Units (the “Outstanding Blocker Corp Company Units”) and (d) the Outstanding Company Units and Outstanding Blocker Corp Company Units constitute all of the outstanding equity interests of the Company;

 

WHEREAS, Blocker Sellers are, collectively, the beneficial owners of record of all of the outstanding shares of Blocker Corp Common Stock (the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares”);

 

WHEREAS, prior to the Closing and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement, Leo shall domesticate as a Delaware corporation in accordance with Section 388 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the DGCL”) and Article 206 of the Cayman Islands Companies Law (2018 Revision) (the “Domestication”), and after the Domestication, Leo sometimes may be referred to herein as the “Surviving Company

 

WHEREAS, the respective boards of directors or managers, as applicable, of each of Leo, the Company and Blocker Corp have duly approved and declared advisable this Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

 

 
 

WHEREAS, the respective boards of directors or managers, as applicable, of Leo, the Company and Blocker Corp have each (a) determined that it is fair to, advisable to and in the best interests of Leo (including its public shareholders), the Company and Blocker Corp, respectively, to enter into this Agreement and consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including in the case of Leo (including its public shareholders), the Domestication, (b) in the case of Leo and Blocker Corp, directed that the adoption of this Agreement be submitted to a vote of their respective shareholders and (c) resolved and agreed to recommend to their respective shareholders that they vote in favor of the approval and adoption of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, including, with respect to Leo, the Domestication and the other Leo Shareholder Approvals, in each case on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement;

 

WHEREAS, Clairvest Direct Seller, Blocker Corp and Prism have approved by written consent this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby in accordance with the Company LLC Agreement, thereby waiving any and all rights under the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act, the Company LLC Agreement or otherwise to assert dissenters’ rights or demand appraisal of their respective Outstanding Company Units (the Company Member Consent”), and concurrently with, or immediately following, the execution of this Agreement, Clairvest Direct Seller, Blocker Corp and Prism will deliver to Leo the Company Member Consent;

 

WHEREAS, as a condition to the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and in accordance with the terms hereof, Leo shall provide an opportunity to its shareholders to have their Leo Common Stock redeemed for the consideration, and on the terms and subject to the conditions and limitations, set forth in this Agreement and Leo’s amended and restated memorandum and articles of association (as the same may be amended from time to time as permitted hereby and including through the Domestication, Leo Governing Documents”) in conjunction with, inter alia, obtaining approval from the shareholders of Leo for the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

 

WHEREAS, concurrently with and conditional upon the execution of this Agreement, on the date of this Agreement, Sponsor, the Leo Independent Directors and Leo are entering into a letter agreement substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit A (the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement) pursuant to which, as a condition to the Closing and the PIPE Investment, (a) Sponsor and the Leo Independent Directors agree to surrender to Leo, for no consideration and as a contribution to the capital of Leo, an aggregate of 1,500,000 Class B Ordinary Shares, representing 30% of the total shares of Leo Common Stock owned by Sponsor and the Leo Independent Directors, collectively, as of immediately prior to the Closing (the Surrendered Shares), whereupon such shares shall be cancelled, (b) Sponsor agrees to surrender to Leo, for no consideration and as a contribution to the capital of Leo, 2,000,000 Leo Warrants (Surrendered Warrants) and (c) Sponsor and the Leo Independent Directors waive any adjustment to the conversion ratio set forth in Article 17.2 of the Leo Governing Documents and any rights to other anti-dilution protections with respect to the Class B Ordinary Shares held by Sponsor and the Leo Independent Directors that may result from the PIPE Investment and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement on the terms and conditions set forth in the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement (the Class B Share Conversion Rights);

 

2

 

WHEREAS, in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, Leo has entered into subscription agreements (collectively, the Subscription Agreements”) with certain third-party investors (the “PIPE Investors”) pursuant to which the PIPE Investors have committed to make a private investment in public equity in the form of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock in an aggregate amount of $100,000,000 (the “PIPE Investment”);

 

WHEREAS, at the Closing, Leo intends to enter into a director nomination agreement with the Seller Representatives in substantially the form set forth in Exhibit B (the Director Nomination Agreement);

 

WHEREAS, at the Closing, Leo and certain of its equityholders, including the Sellers and the holders of shares of Leo Common Stock as of the date of this Agreement who are parties to an existing registration rights agreement in respect of the shares of Leo Common Stock held by such holders intend to enter into a registration rights agreement in substantially the form set forth in Exhibit C (the Registration Rights Agreement);

 

WHEREAS, at the Closing, each of the Sellers shall enter into an applicable lock-up agreement with Leo substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit D (as the same may be amended, restated, or otherwise modified from time to time after the Closing in accordance with its terms, the Lock-Up Agreement), which shall be effective as of the Closing and pursuant to which each such Person will, subject to the terms and conditions thereof, agree not to effect any sale or distribution, including any sale pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act, of any shares of Leo Common Stock or any other securities of Leo during the lock-up period described therein;

 

WHEREAS, at the Closing, Leo and the Trustee shall enter into an amended and restated warrant agreement substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit E (as the same may be amended, restated, or otherwise modified from time to time after the Closing in accordance with its terms, the Amended Warrant Agreement);

 

WHEREAS, at the Closing, Leo, Blocker Corp, Prism, Clairvest Direct Seller and the Prism Members (as defined therein) shall enter into an amended and restated limited liability company agreement of the Company substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit F (as the same may be amended, restated, or otherwise modified from time to time after the Closing in accordance with its terms and with such changes required by the New Option Plan, the Amended Partnership Agreement) and the Company shall continue as a limited liability company (the Surviving Partnership);

 

WHEREAS, at the Closing, Leo, Blocker Corp, Prism, Clairvest Direct Seller and Blocker Sellers shall enter into a tax receivables agreement substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit G (as the same may be amended, restated, or otherwise modified from time to time after the Closing in accordance with its terms, the Tax Receivables Agreement);

 

WHEREAS, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, (a) it is intended that the Domestication will qualify as a “reorganization” under Section 368(a)(1)(F) of the Code, (b) it is intended that the Surviving Partnership will be treated as a continuation of the Company under Section 708(a) of the Code and that the amendment and restatement of the Company LLC

 

3

 

Agreement will be treated as nontaxable under Revenue Ruling 84-52, (c) it is intended that the Contribution will be treated as a transfer pursuant to Section 351 of the Code and (d) this Agreement is intended to constitute and hereby is adopted as a “plan of reorganization” with respect to the Domestication within the meaning of Treasury Regulations Section 1.368-2(g) and 1.368-3(a) for purposes of Sections 354, 361 and 368 of the Code and the Treasury Regulations thereunder (collectively, the Tax Treatment of the Transactions).

 

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the benefits to be derived from this Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and the representations, warranties, covenants, agreements and conditions set forth herein, the Parties hereby agree as follows:

 

Article I

PRE-CLOSING TRANSACTIONS

 

1.1          Pre-Closing Transactions. Immediately prior to the Closing, the following transactions shall be consummated in the following order, in each case, conditional upon each prior transaction having been consummated, upon the terms and subject to the conditions of this Agreement:

 

(a)        Sponsor, the Leo Independent Directors and Leo shall consummate the transactions contemplated by the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement, including (A) the surrender and forfeiture to, and subsequent cancelation thereof by, Leo, for no consideration and as a contribution to the capital of Leo, of the Surrendered Shares, (B) the surrender and forfeiture to, and subsequent cancelation thereof by, Leo, for no consideration and as a contribution to the capital of Leo, of the Surrendered Warrants and (C) the waiver of the Class B Share Conversion Rights, in each case, pursuant to and in accordance with the terms of the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement;

 

(b)        Leo shall consummate the Domestication in accordance with Section 388 of the DGCL and Article 206 of the Cayman Islands Companies Law (2018 Revision); provided that, in connection with the Domestication, (A) each share of Leo Common Stock that is issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Domestication shall become one (1) share of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock and each Leo Warrant that is issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Domestication (for the avoidance of doubt, excluding any Surrendered Warrant) shall remain outstanding, entitling the holder thereof to purchase one (1) share of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per share, (B) the certificate of incorporation of Leo immediately following the Domestication shall be in the form attached hereto as Exhibit H (the Surviving Company Certificate of Incorporation) and (C) the bylaws of Leo immediately following the Domestication shall be in the form attached hereto as Exhibit I (the Surviving Company Bylaws); and

 

(c)        Leo shall cause the PIPE Investment to be consummated pursuant to and in accordance with the terms of the applicable Subscription Agreements.

 

4

 

Article II

CLOSING TRANSACTIONS

 

2.1         Sale of Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares. On the terms and subject to the conditions hereof, at the Closing, Blocker Sellers shall sell, assign, transfer, convey and deliver to Leo, and Leo shall purchase from Blocker Sellers, all right, title and interest in and to the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares, free and clear of all Encumbrances.

 

2.2         Sale of Outstanding Company Units. On the terms and subject to the conditions hereof, at the Closing:

 

(a)        Prism shall sell, assign, transfer, convey and deliver to Leo, and Leo shall purchase from Prism, all right, title and interest in and to a number of Class A Units equal to the Cash Percentage, multiplied by the number of Outstanding Class A Units (the Purchased Class A Units); and

 

(b)        Clairvest Direct Seller shall sell, assign, transfer, convey and deliver to Leo, and Leo shall purchase from Clairvest Direct Seller, all right, title and interest in and to a number of Class B Units equal to the Cash Percentage, multiplied by the number of Outstanding Class B Units (the Purchased Class B Units and, together with the Purchased Class A Units, the Purchased Company Units).

 

Article III

CLOSING

 

3.1         The Closing. The closing of the transactions contemplated by Article II (the Closing) shall take place at the offices of Kirkland & Ellis LLP, 2049 Century Park East, 37th Floor, Los Angeles, California 90067 on a date that is no later than three (3) Business Days after all of the conditions precedent set forth in Article X have been satisfied or waived (other than those conditions which by their terms are intended to be satisfied at the Closing, but subject to the satisfaction or, to the extent permissible under applicable Law and the terms of this Agreement, waiver of those conditions), or such other date as may be mutually agreed upon by the Parties (the Closing Date).

 

3.2         Closing Deliverables.

 

(a)        Not less than three (3) Business Days prior to the Closing Date and in no event more than five (5) Business Days prior to the Closing Date, the Company and Blocker Corp shall deliver to Leo a written statement (the Payment Statement) setting forth the following:

 

(i)         the Company’s good-faith estimate of (A) the Closing Date Cash of the Company Group (the Estimated Closing Date Company Cash) and (B) the Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group (the Estimated Closing Date Company Indebtedness), in each case, together with reasonable supporting detail showing each

 

5

 

component thereof and such work papers and other documents and information supporting the Payment Statement and the calculations therein as Leo may reasonably request;

 

(ii)        Blocker Corp’s good-faith estimate of (A) the Closing Date Cash of Blocker Corp (the Estimated Closing Date Blocker Corp Cash and, together with the Estimated Closing Date Company Cash, the Estimated Closing Date Cash) and (B) Blocker Corp’s good-faith estimate of the Closing Date Indebtedness of Blocker Corp (the Estimated Closing Date Blocker Corp Indebtedness and, together with the Estimated Closing Date Company Indebtedness, the Estimated Closing Date Indebtedness), in each case, together with reasonable supporting detail showing each component thereof and such work papers and other documents and information supporting the Payment Statement and the calculations therein as Leo may reasonably request; and

 

(iii)       wire instructions for the payments contemplated by Section 3.2(c)(i)(A), Section 3.2(e) and Section 3.2(g).

 

(b)        Each of the Sellers, the Seller Representatives, Blocker Corp and/or the Company, as applicable, shall deliver or cause to be delivered to Leo:

 

(i)         at the Closing, a counterpart to each Related Document to which it is to be a party, duly executed by a duly authorized representative of such Person;

 

(ii)        at the Closing, a certificate, executed by an authorized officer of each Seller, the Company and Blocker Corp and dated as of the Closing Date, solely in his or her capacity as such and not in his or her personal capacity, stating that the conditions specified in Sections 10.2(a)10.2(e) to the extent that they relate to such Seller, the Company or Blocker Corp, respectively, have been satisfied;

 

(iii)       at the Closing, a certificate, executed by an authorized officer of the Company, dated as of the Closing Date, solely in his or her capacity as such and not in his or her personal capacity, setting forth (A) each Seller’s Company Pro Rata Portion and (B) the percentage of the outstanding limited liability company interests of Prism held collectively by Joe Marinucci and Fernando Borghese (the Prism Percentage);

 

(iv)       not less than two (2) Business Days prior to the Closing, a certificate signed by an authorized officer of the Company, solely in his or her capacity as such and not in his or her personal capacity, setting forth (A) all Seller Transaction Costs that have not been paid as of immediately prior to the Closing, along with final invoices from the applicable service providers to the Company, Blocker Corp, the Seller Representatives or the Sellers, as applicable, and (B) all Seller Transactions Costs that were paid by the Company prior to immediately prior to the Closing (the Previously Paid Seller Transaction Costs), along with final invoices from the applicable service providers to the Company, Blocker Corp, the Seller Representatives or the Sellers, as applicable;

 

(v)        at the Closing, (A) a certificate of Blocker Corp in compliance with Treasury Regulation Sections 1.1445-2(c) and 1.897-2(h), that Blocker Corp is not a “United States real property holding corporation,” in the form attached hereto as Exhibit J, and reasonably satisfactory proof that the Company has provided notice of such certification to the

 

6

 

IRS in accordance with the provisions of Treasury Regulations Section 1.897-2(h)(2) and (B) an IRS Form W-9 claiming a complete exemption from backup withholding, duly executed by each of Prism and Clairvest Direct Seller;

 

(vi)       at the Closing, an instrument of assignment selling, assigning, transferring, conveying and delivering to Leo the Purchased Company Units, duly executed by Prism and Clairvest Direct Seller; and

 

(vii)      at the Closing, certificates evidencing all of the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares, together with stock powers or assignments duly executed in blank by the applicable Blocker Seller.

 

(c)          Leo shall pay, issue or deliver or cause to be delivered, as applicable:

 

(i)         at the Closing, to each Seller:

 

(A)       an amount in cash equal to the product of (1) such Seller’s Company Pro Rata Portion, multiplied by (2) the Cash Consideration, by wire transfer of immediately available funds in accordance with the applicable wire instructions set forth in the Payment Statement; and

 

(B)       a number of warrants (rounded to the nearest whole number of warrants) to purchase one (1) share of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per share, on the terms and conditions set forth in the Amended Warrant Agreement, equal to the product of (1) such Seller’s Company Pro Rata Portion, multiplied by (2) 2,000,000 (collectively, the Seller Warrants), together with evidence of such delivery reasonably acceptable in form and substance to Seller Representatives.

 

(ii)        at the Closing, to each Blocker Seller, a number of shares of Surviving Company Class C Common Stock (rounded to the nearest whole number of shares) equal to the product of (A) the Issuance Multiple, multiplied by (B) the product of (1) such Blocker Seller’s Company Pro Rata Portion, multiplied by (2) the Equity Consideration, together with evidence of such delivery reasonably acceptable in form and substance to Clairvest; provided that the issuance of such shares of Surviving Company Class C Common Stock shall occur immediately prior to the assignment, transfer, conveyance and delivery to Leo of the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares under Section 2.1;

 

(iii)       at the Closing, to each of Prism and Clairvest Direct Seller, a number of shares of Surviving Company Class B Common Stock (rounded to the nearest whole number of shares) equal to the product of (A) the Issuance Multiple, multiplied by (B) the product of (1) such Seller’s Company Pro Rata Portion, multiplied by (2) the Equity Consideration, together with evidence of such delivery reasonably acceptable in form and substance to Seller Representatives; provided that the issuance of such shares of Surviving Company Class B Common Stock shall occur immediately prior to the assignment, transfer, conveyance and delivery to Leo of the Purchased Company Units under Section 2.2;

 

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(iv)       at the Closing, to the Seller Representatives, evidence of the Domestication and a certified copy of the Domestication Certificate of Incorporation as filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware at the Domestication;

 

(v)        at the Closing, to the Seller Representatives, a counterpart to each Related Document to which Leo is to be a party, duly executed and delivered by a duly authorized representative of Leo and, in the case of the Amended Warrant Agreement, duly executed and delivered by the Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company;

 

(vi)       not less than two (2) Business Days prior to the Closing, to the Seller Representatives, a certificate signed by an authorized officer of Leo, solely in his or her capacity as such and not in his or her personal capacity, setting forth all Leo Transaction Costs, along with final invoices from the applicable service providers to Leo;

 

(vii)      not less than two (2) Business Days prior to the Closing, to the Seller Representatives, a certificate signed by an authorized officer of Leo, solely in his or her capacity as such and not in his or her personal capacity, setting forth the number of shares of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock that will be issued and outstanding immediately following the consummation of the transactions contemplated by Section 1.1 (the Outstanding Surviving Company Class A Shares Number);

 

(viii)      at the Closing, to the Seller Representatives, a certificate, executed by an authorized officer of Leo and dated as of the Closing Date, solely in his or her capacity as such and not in his or her personal capacity, stating that the conditions specified in Section 10.3 have been satisfied; and

 

(ix)       at the Closing, to the Seller Representatives, evidence, reasonably acceptable to the Seller Representatives and Leo, that Leo has no liabilities or obligations to Lion Capital LLP with respect to the working capital loans set forth on Section 7.2(e) of the Leo Disclosure Schedules to the extent that such amounts do not constitute Transaction Costs hereunder, as of immediately prior to the Domestication.

 

(d)          At the Closing and immediately following the transactions contemplated by Article II, Section 3.2(c)(i), Section 3.2(c)(ii) and Section 3.2(c)(iii), without any further action by any Party:

 

(i)         Leo hereby contributes the Purchased Company Units to the capital of Blocker Corp for no consideration (the Contribution);

 

(ii)        immediately following the Contribution, the Outstanding Blocker Corp Company Units and the Purchased Company Units shall be converted in accordance with the Amended Partnership Agreement into a number of Surviving Partnership Common Units equal to the sum of (A) the Outstanding Surviving Company Class A Shares Number, plus (b) the number of shares of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock issuable upon the conversion thereinto, in accordance with the Surviving Company Certificate of Incorporation, of all shares of Surviving Company Class C Common Stock issued under Section 3.2(c)(ii);

 

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(iii)       the Class A Units held by Prism shall be converted in accordance with the Amended Partnership Agreement into a number of Surviving Partnership Common Units equal to the product of (A) Prism’s Company Pro Rata Portion, multiplied by (B) the Equity Consideration; and

 

(iv)       the Class B Units held by Clairvest Direct Seller shall be converted in accordance with the Amended Partnership Agreement into a number of Surviving Partnership Common Units equal to the product of (A) Clairvest Direct Seller’s Company Pro Rata Portion, multiplied by (B) the Equity Consideration.

 

(e)        At the Closing, Leo shall pay on behalf of the Company, Blocker Corp, the Seller Representatives, the Sellers and Leo, as applicable, by wire transfer of immediately available funds, the Transaction Costs to the service providers designated on the certificates delivered under Section 3.2(b)(iv) and Section 3.2(c)(vi), in each case, subject to Section 9.5(a).

 

(f)         At or promptly following the Closing, the Surviving Company shall pay down, on behalf of the Company Group, the obligations in respect of the Funded Indebtedness of the Company Group in an amount equal to $10,000,000 (the Paydown Amount).

 

(g)        At the Closing, Leo shall pay to the Company, by wire transfer of immediately available funds in accordance with the applicable wire instructions set forth in the Payment Statement, for cash on its balance sheet, subject to the Balance Sheet Purposes, an amount equal to the Balance Sheet Cash Amount; provided that the Surviving Company, Blocker Corp and the Sellers hereby agree and acknowledge that the Balance Sheet Cash Amount shall only be used for the Balance Sheet Purposes.

 

3.3         Post-Closing Adjustment.

 

(a)        Promptly, but in any event within sixty (60) days after the Closing Date, Sponsor shall deliver to the Seller Representatives a written statement setting forth the Surviving Company’s good-faith determination of (i) the Closing Date Cash of the Company Group, (ii) the Closing Date Cash of Blocker Corp, (iii) the Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group and (iv) the Closing Date Indebtedness of Blocker Corp, together with the balance sheet of the Company Group and Blocker Corp, in each case, from which such determinations were derived and other reasonable supporting detail showing (such statement, together with such accompanying balance sheet and other detail, the Closing Statement). The Surviving Company shall deliver such work papers and other documents and information supporting the Closing Statement and the calculations therein as the Seller Representatives or Sponsor may reasonably request.

 

(b)        Sponsor and the Seller Representatives shall have reasonable access to all books and records and work papers (including those of the Company’s and Blocker Corp’s accountants and auditors) relating to the Closing Statement (including with respect to Sponsor, for the preparation of the Closing Statement) and all other items reasonably requested by Sponsor or the Seller Representatives related thereto. If the Seller Representatives disagree with the Surviving Company’s determination of the Closing Date Cash of the Company Group, Closing Date Cash of Blocker Corp, Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group and/or

 

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Closing Date Indebtedness of Blocker Corp, as reflected on the Closing Statement, the Seller Representatives may, within forty-five (45) days after receipt of the Closing Statement, collectively deliver a written notice (the Dispute Notice) to Sponsor setting forth the Seller Representatives’ calculation of each disputed amount (each an Item of Dispute). For the avoidance of doubt, no Dispute Notice shall be valid unless it is delivered by or on behalf of both of the Seller Representatives. If Sponsor does not receive a Dispute Notice from both Seller Representative within forty-five (45) days after delivery by Sponsor of the Closing Statement, the Closing Statement shall be conclusive and binding upon each of the Parties. If Sponsor receives a Dispute Notice from both the Seller Representatives within forty-five (45) days after delivery by Sponsor of the Closing Statement, the Seller Representatives and Sponsor shall use commercially reasonable efforts to resolve each Item of Dispute, and, if any Item of Dispute is so resolved, the Closing Statement shall be modified to the extent necessary to reflect such resolution. If any Item of Dispute remains unresolved as of the 20th day after delivery by the Seller Representatives of the Dispute Notice, the Seller Representatives and Sponsor shall jointly retain KPMG LLP to resolve such remaining disagreement; provided that, if KPMG LLP is then unavailable for such purposes, Sponsor and the Seller Representatives shall jointly retain an independent valuation firm of recognized national standing to resolve such remaining disagreement; provided, further, that, in such case, if Sponsor and the Seller Representatives are unable to agree on the choice of such firm, then such firm will be a nationally recognized valuation firm selected by lot (after the Seller Representatives, on one hand, and Sponsor, on the other hand, shall have each submitted two proposed firms and then excluded one firm designated by the other Party) (the firm actually retained pursuant to this sentence, the Valuation Firm). The Valuation Firm shall act as an expert and not as an arbitrator. Sponsor and the Seller Representatives shall request that the Valuation Firm render a determination as to each unresolved Item of Dispute within thirty (30) days after its retention, and Sponsor, the Surviving Company and the Seller Representatives shall, and shall cause each of their respective agents and representatives to, cooperate fully with the Valuation Firm so as to enable it to make such determination as quickly and accurately as reasonably practicable, including the provision by the Surviving Company of all books and records and work papers (including those of their respective accountants and auditors) relating to the Closing Statement and all other items reasonably requested by the Valuation Firm (in each case in such a manner so as not to waive or eliminate any privilege applicable to any such information). The Valuation Firm shall consider only those items and amounts that were set forth on the Closing Statement and the Dispute Notice and that remain unresolved by Sponsor and the Seller Representatives. In resolving any Item of Dispute, the Valuation Firm may not assign a value to any item greater than the greatest value for such item claimed by either Party, or less than the smallest value for such item claimed by either Party, on the Closing Statement or the Dispute Notice, as applicable. The Valuation Firm’s determination shall be based upon the definitions of Cash and Cash Equivalents and Indebtedness included herein. The Valuation Firm’s determination of each Item of Dispute submitted to it shall be in writing, shall conform to this Section 3.3 and shall be conclusive and binding upon each of the Parties, and the Closing Statement shall be modified to the extent necessary to reflect such determination(s). The Valuation Firm shall allocate its fees, costs and expenses between Sponsor, on the one hand, and the Seller Representatives, on the other hand, based upon the percentage which the portion of the contested amount not awarded to each such Party bears to the amount actually contested by such Party. The Closing Date Cash of the Company Group as finally determined pursuant to this Section 3.3(b) is referred to herein as the

 

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Actual Closing Date Cash of the Company Group“ the Closing Date Cash of Blocker Corp as finally determined pursuant to this Section 3.3(b) is referred to herein as the “Actual Closing Date Cash of Blocker Corp“ and, together with the Actual Closing Date Cash of the Company Group, the “Actual Closing Date Cash“ the Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group as finally determined pursuant to this Section 3.3(b) is referred to herein as the “Actual Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group“ and the Closing Date Indebtedness of Blocker Corp as finally determined pursuant to this Section 3.3(b) is referred to herein as the “Actual Closing Date Indebtedness of Blocker Corp“ and, together with the Actual Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group, the “Actual Closing Date Indebtedness.”

 

(c)        If the Actual Adjustment Amount as finally determined pursuant to this Section 3.3 is less than the Estimated Adjustment Amount (the absolute value of such difference, the Shortfall Amount), within five (5) Business Days after the determination of the Actual Adjustment Amount pursuant to Section 3.3, each Seller shall each forfeit to the Surviving Company for no consideration a number of shares of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock (in the case of Blocker Sellers) or Surviving Company Class B Common Stock (in the case of Prism and Clairvest Direct Seller), and Prism and Clairvest Direct Seller shall each forfeit to the Surviving Partnership for no consideration a number of Surviving Partnership Common Units, in each case, rounded to the nearest whole number of shares or units, equal to the quotient of (A) the product of (1) such Seller’s Company Pro Rata Portion, multiplied by (2) the Shortfall Amount, divided by (B) the Implied Value of Leo Common Stock.

 

(d)        If the Actual Adjustment Amount as finally determined pursuant to this Section 3.3 exceeds the Estimated Adjustment Amount (such excess, the Excess Amount), within five (5) Business Days after the determination of the Actual Adjustment Amount pursuant to Section 3.3, (i) the Surviving Company shall issue to each Seller a number of shares of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock (in the case of Blocker Sellers) or Surviving Company Class B Common Stock (in the case of Prism and Clairvest Direct Seller) and (ii) the Surviving Partnership shall issue to Prism and Clairvest Direct Seller a number of Surviving Partnership Common Units, in each case, rounded to the nearest whole number of shares or units, equal to the quotient of (A) the product of (1) such Seller’s Company Pro Rata Portion, multiplied by (2) the Excess Amount, divided by (B) the Implied Value of Leo Common Stock.

 

(e)        All adjustment payments made pursuant to this Section 3.3 shall be treated as adjustments to the consideration for Tax purposes.

 

(f)         This Section 3.3 shall be the Parties’ sole and exclusive remedy with respect to the calculation of the Actual Closing Date Cash, the Estimated Closing Date Cash, Actual Closing Date Indebtedness, Estimated Closing Date Indebtedness and the respective components thereof, including any disputes arising therefrom.

 

Article IV

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SELLERS

 

Except as set forth in the Company Disclosure Schedules, each Seller hereby, severally and not jointly, and solely with respect to itself, represents and warrants to Leo as follows:

 

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4.1         Standing; Qualification and Power.

 

(a)        Each Seller is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing (or has the equivalent status) under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization, with all power and authority necessary to own, lease or operate the properties and assets owned, leased or operated by it and to carry on its business as currently conducted, in each case, in all material respects.

 

(b)        Each Seller is duly qualified or licensed to do business in each jurisdiction in which ownership of its property or assets or the conduct of its business requires such qualification or license, except where the failure to be so qualified or licensed would not prevent or materially impair or materially delay such Seller’s performance of its obligations hereunder.

 

4.2          Ownership. Prism has good, valid and marketable title to, and owns beneficially and of record, the Outstanding Class A Units, (b) Clairvest Direct Seller has good, valid and marketable title to, and owns beneficially and of record, the Outstanding Class B Units and (c) each Blocker Seller has good, valid and marketable title to, and owns beneficially and of record, the number of Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares set forth opposite such Blocker Seller’s name on Section 4.2 of the Company Disclosure Schedules, in each case, free and clear of all Encumbrances. Other than this Agreement, the Company LLC Agreement and the Amended Partnership Agreement, the Outstanding Company Units and the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares are not subject to any stockholder agreement, investor rights agreement, registration rights agreement, voting agreement or trust, proxy or other similar Contract (including any Contract relating to rights of first refusal, co-sale rights or drag-along rights).

 

4.3         Authority; Execution and Delivery; Enforceability. Such Seller has all requisite power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and each of the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby and to perform all of its obligations hereunder and thereunder. The execution and delivery by such Seller of this Agreement has been and, in the case of the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party, will be when delivered, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby has been and the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party will be when delivered, duly authorized by all requisite action of such Seller, and no other proceeding on the part of such Seller is necessary to authorize the entry into this Agreement by such Seller or the entry into the Related Documents to which such Seller is or will be a party or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby. This Agreement has been, and upon its execution and delivery, each of the Related Documents to which such Seller is or will be a party will be, duly and validly executed and delivered by such Seller and, assuming this Agreement and the Related Documents have been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the other Parties or parties thereto, as applicable, this Agreement constitutes, and upon its execution and delivery each of the Related Documents to which such Seller is or will be a party will constitute, a legal, valid and binding obligation of such Seller, enforceable against it in accordance with its terms, in each case subject to applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium and similar Laws affecting creditors’ rights and remedies generally and subject to general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforceability is considered in a proceeding at law or equity) (collectively, the Enforceability Exceptions).

 

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4.4         Brokers’ and Finders’ Fees. Other than any Person to which Seller Transaction Costs are payable, such Seller has not employed, nor is it subject to any valid claim of liability or obligation to, any broker, finder, investment banker, consultant or other intermediary in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement who might be entitled to any fee or commission in connection therewith.

 

4.5         No Conflict; Consents.

 

(a)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by such Seller, and the consummation by such Seller of the transactions contemplated hereby, do not and will not, as applicable, (i) violate or conflict with any provision of the articles of incorporation or bylaws (or other comparable governing documents) of such Seller, (ii) result in a violation or breach of, or constitute (with or without the giving of notice or, the lapse of time or both) a default (or give rise to any right of termination, amendment, acceleration, suspension, revocation or cancellation of obligations or any penalty or modification of any obligation) under, any material Contract to which such Seller is a party or by which any of their respective properties or assets are bound, (iii) assuming that all Approvals have been obtained and all filings, registrations and notifications have been made, each as contemplated by Section 4.5(b), Section 5.4(b), Section 6.5(b), Section 7.4(b) and/or Section 8.4(b), violate or conflict with any Law applicable to such Seller or by which any of their respective properties or assets are bound or (iv) result in the creation of any Encumbrance (other than Permitted Encumbrances) upon the material properties or material assets of such Seller, except as would not, in the case of clauses (ii) through (iv) above, individually or in the aggregate, materially impair or materially delay such Seller’s ability to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

(b)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by such Seller, and the consummation by such Seller of the transactions contemplated hereby, will not require any waiver, authorization or other Permit of, or filing or registration with or notification to, any Governmental Authority, other than (i) compliance with all applicable Antitrust Laws and (ii) such Approvals, filings, registrations or notifications which, if not made or obtained, would not, individually or in the aggregate, materially impair or materially delay such Seller’s ability to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

4.6          Litigation. As of the date of this Agreement, (a) there are no Actions pending or, to the knowledge of such Seller, threatened against such Seller that and (b) such Seller is not subject to (nor are any properties or assets of such Seller bound by or subject to) any outstanding Orders that, if not complied with, in the case of either clause (a) or (b) above, would prevent or materially delay or materially impair, the ability of such Seller to perform its obligations under this Agreement and the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party or to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby.

 

4.7         Related Party Transactions. Other than the Company LLC Agreement and the Amended Partnership Agreement, there are no transactions or Contracts, or series of related transactions or Contracts (each, a Seller Related Party Transaction), between such Seller, on the one hand, and any member of the Company Group, any officer, director, manager or Affiliate of any member of the Company Group or, to the knowledge of such Seller, any of their respective “associates” or “immediate family” members (as such terms are defined in Rule 12b-2

 

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and Rule 16a-1 of the Exchange Act), on the other hand. The Sellers have made available to Leo true, correct and complete copies of each Contract or other relevant documentation (including any amendments or modifications thereto) available as of the date of this Agreement with respect to any Seller Related Party Transaction.

 

4.8         Seller Information. The information relating to the Sellers which is provided to Leo for inclusion in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement, will not at the date the Form S-4 is filed or declared effective, the Proxy Statement is first mailed to Leo’s shareholders or at the time of the Leo Shareholders Meeting contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances in which they are made, not misleading (subject to the qualifications and limitations set forth in the materials provided by the Sellers that is included in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement). Notwithstanding the foregoing, such Seller does not make any representation, warranty or covenant with respect to (a) statements made or incorporated by reference therein based on information supplied by Leo, the Company, Blocker Corp, Sponsor or any of the other Sellers for inclusion or incorporation by reference in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement or (b) any projections or forecasts included in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement.

 

4.9         Securities Law Matters. Each Seller acknowledges that the shares of Leo Common Stock comprising the Equity Consideration being acquired by the Sellers pursuant to this Agreement and the Related Documents have not been registered under the Securities Act or under any state or foreign securities Laws. Each Seller is acquiring such shares of Leo Common Stock for its own account solely for investment purposes and not with a view to any public resale or other distribution thereof, except in compliance with applicable securities Laws. Each Seller acknowledges that such shares of Leo Common Stock may not be transferred or sold except pursuant to the registration provisions of the Securities Act or applicable foreign securities Laws or pursuant to an applicable exemption therefrom and pursuant to state or foreign securities Laws, as applicable. Each Seller has sufficient knowledge and experience in financial and business matters so as to be capable of evaluating the merits and risks of its investment in the shares of Leo Common Stock and is capable of bearing the economic risks of such investment. Each Seller is an “accredited investor” as defined in Rule 501(a) of Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act.

 

4.10      Solvency. None of the Sellers is entering into this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby with the actual intent to hinder, delay or defraud either present or future creditors.

 

4.11      No Additional Representations. NEITHER THE SELLERS NOR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES NOR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE REPRESENTATIVES IS MAKING ANY WRITTEN OR ORAL REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF ANY NATURE WHATSOEVER WITH RESPECT TO THE SELLERS, THE COMPANY GROUP OR BLOCKER CORP, INCLUDING ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE ASSETS, RIGHTS, PROPERTIES OR LIABILITIES AND INCLUDING THE PHYSICAL OR ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION OF ANY PAST OR CURRENT PROPERTY OR FACILITY OF ANY OF THE FOREGOING, OR ANY OF THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED BY THIS AGREEMENT OR ANY RELATED DOCUMENT, EXCEPT, IN EACH CASE, FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND

 

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WARRANTIES EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE IV. THE SELLERS DISCLAIM ANY OTHER REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, WHETHER MADE BY THE SELLERS OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES’ RESPECTIVE REPRESENTATIVES. EXCEPT FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE IV, THE SELLERS (ON BEHALF OF THEMSELVES AND THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES) HEREBY DISCLAIM ALL LIABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, PROJECTION, FORECAST, STATEMENT OR INFORMATION MADE, COMMUNICATED OR FURNISHED (ORALLY OR IN WRITING, IN THE CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION MEMORANDUM OR OTHERWISE) TO LEO OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES OR REPRESENTATIVES (INCLUDING ANY OPINION, INFORMATION, PROJECTION OR ADVICE THAT MAY HAVE BEEN OR MAY BE PROVIDED TO LEO BY ANY REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SELLERS OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES). NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT TO THE CONTRARY, THE SELLERS MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES TO LEO REGARDING ANY PROJECTIONS OR THE FUTURE OR PROBABLE PROFITABILITY, SUCCESS, BUSINESS, OPPORTUNITIES, RELATIONSHIPS AND OPERATIONS OF THE COMPANY GROUP OR BLOCKER CORP.

 

Article V

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE COMPANY

 

Except as set forth in the Company Disclosure Schedules, the Company hereby represents and warrants to Leo as follows:

 

5.1          Standing; Qualification and Power.

 

(a)        The Company is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing (or has the equivalent status) under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization, with all power and authority necessary to own, lease or operate the properties and assets owned, leased or operated by it and to carry on the Businesses, as applicable, in each case, in all material respects. Each member of the Company Group is duly organized and validly existing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization, with all power and authority necessary to own, lease or operate the properties and assets owned, leased or operated by it and to carry on the Businesses, as applicable, in each case, in all material respects.

 

(b)        Each member of the Company Group is in good standing (or has the equivalent status) under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization, in all material respects. Each member of the Company Group is duly qualified or licensed to do business in each jurisdiction in which ownership of its property or assets or the conduct of its business requires such qualification or license, except where the failure to be so qualified or licensed would not have a Material Adverse Effect. True and complete copies of the certificate of formation, operating agreement, certificate of incorporation and bylaws (or other comparable governing documents), as applicable, of each member of the Company Group, as in effect as of the date of this Agreement, have been heretofore made available to Leo.

 

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5.2          Capitalization of the Company Group.

 

(a)        The Outstanding Company Units and the Outstanding Blocker Corp Company Units constitute all of the issued and outstanding equity interests of the Company.

 

(b)        All issued and outstanding equity interests of each member of the Company Group have been duly authorized and validly issued, are fully paid and nonassessable, were not issued in violation of any preemptive, rights of first refusal or similar rights, and at the Closing will be free and clear of all Encumbrances, except, in the case of any member of the Company Group other than the Company, for Permitted Encumbrances.

 

(c)        As of the date of this Agreement, there are no outstanding (i) securities convertible into or exchangeable for the capital stock of the Company, (ii) options, restricted stock units, performance stock units, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, warrants, calls or other rights to purchase or subscribe for capital stock of the Company or (iii) other than the Company LLC Agreement and the Amended Partnership Agreement, Contracts of any kind to which the Company is subject or bound requiring the issuance after the date of this Agreement of (A) any capital stock of the Company, (B) any convertible or exchangeable security of the type referred to in clause (i) above or (C) any options, restricted stock units, performance stock units, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, warrants, calls or rights of the type referred to in clause (ii) above. Other than the Outstanding Class A Units, no equity or equity-based compensation has been granted by the Company or any of its Affiliates to any existing or former employees or other service providers of the Company Group.

 

(d)        Other than the Company LLC Agreement, the Amended Partnership Agreement and the certificate of formation, operating agreement, certificate of incorporation and bylaws (or other comparable governing documents) of the Company Subsidiaries, of which a true and complete copy of each has been made available to Leo, there are no voting trusts, proxies, stockholder, partnership or other Contracts with an equityholder of any member of the Company Group, investors’ rights Contracts, right of first refusal or co-sale Contract, or registration rights Contracts or other agreements or understandings to which any member of the Company Group is bound with respect to voting of any shares of capital stock or any other equity interest of any member of the Company Group.

 

(e)        Section 5.2(e) of the Company Disclosure Schedules sets forth, as of the date of this Agreement, a true and complete list of the Company Subsidiaries and the issued and outstanding capital stock or other equity interests, as the case may be, of the Company Subsidiaries and the record owners thereof and number or percentage of equity interests of each class owned by each such record owner. There are no outstanding (i) securities convertible into or exchangeable for the capital stock or other ownership interests of any of the Company Subsidiaries, (ii) options, restricted stock units, performance stock units, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, warrants, calls or other rights to purchase or subscribe for capital stock or other ownership interests of any of the Company Subsidiaries or (iii) Contracts of any kind by which any member of the Company Group is subject or bound requiring the issuance after the date of this Agreement of (A) any capital stock or any other ownership interests of any of the Company Subsidiaries, (B) any convertible or exchangeable security of the type referred to in clause (i) above or (C) any options, restricted stock units, performance stock units, stock

 

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appreciation rights, phantom stock, warrants, calls or rights of the type referred to in clause (ii) above.

 

(f)         Except for the Company’s direct and indirect interests in the Company Subsidiaries, no member of the Company Group owns, directly or indirectly, any interest or investment in the form of equity in, and no member of the Company Group is subject to any obligation or requirement to provide for or make any investment in, any Person.

 

(g)        No member of the Company Group is the subject of any bankruptcy, dissolution, liquidation, reorganization or similar proceeding.

 

5.3          Authority; Execution and Delivery; Enforceability. The Company has all requisite corporate power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and each of the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby and to perform all of its obligations hereunder and thereunder. Subject to the receipt of the Company Member Consent, the execution and delivery by the Company of this Agreement has been and, in the case of the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party, will be when delivered, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby has been and the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party will be when delivered, duly authorized by all requisite action of the Company and its equityholders, and no other proceeding on the part of the Company is necessary to authorize the entry into this Agreement or the Related Documents to which the Company is or will be a party or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby. This Agreement has been, and upon its execution and delivery, each of the Related Documents to which the Company is or will be a party will be, duly and validly executed and delivered by the Company and, assuming this Agreement and the Related Documents have been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the other Parties or parties thereto, as applicable, this Agreement constitutes, and upon its execution and delivery each of the Related Documents to which the Company is or will be a party will constitute, a legal, valid and binding obligation of the Company, enforceable against it in accordance with its terms, in each case subject to the Enforceability Exceptions.

 

5.4          No Conflict; Consents.

 

(a)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Company, and the consummation by the Company of the transactions contemplated hereby, do not and will not, as applicable, (i) violate or conflict with any provision of the certificate of formation or operating agreement, certificate of incorporation or bylaws (or other comparable governing documents), as applicable, of any member of the Company Group, (ii) result in a material violation or breach of, or constitute (with or without the giving of notice, the lapse of time or both) a material default (or give rise to any right of termination, amendment, acceleration, suspension, revocation or cancellation of obligations or any penalty or modification of any obligation) under, any Material Contract to which any member of the Company Group is a party or by which any of its properties or assets are bound, (iii) assuming that all Approvals have been obtained and all filings, registrations and notifications have been made, each as contemplated by Section 4.5(b), Section 5.4(b), Section 6.5(b), Section 7.4(b) and/or Section 8.4(b), materially violate or materially conflict with any Law applicable to any member

 

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of the Company Group or by which any of its properties or assets are bound, or (iv) result in the creation of any Encumbrance (other than Permitted Encumbrances) upon the material properties or material assets of any member of the Company Group.

 

(b)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Company, and the consummation by the Company of the transactions contemplated hereby, will not require any material waiver, material authorization or other material Permit of, or filing or registration with or notification to, any Governmental Authority, other than (i) compliance with all applicable Antitrust Laws, (ii) any consents, waivers, approvals, authorizations, designations, declarations, filings or notifications, the absence of which would not prevent or materially delay or materially impair, or reasonably be expected to prevent or materially delay or materially impair, individually or in the aggregate, the ability of the Company Group, taken as a whole, to perform its obligations under this Agreement and the Related Documents to which it is a party or to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby.

 

5.5          Financial Statements.

 

(a)        Section 5.5(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedules contains true and complete copies of (i) the audited consolidated balance sheet of Digital Media Solutions, LLC as of December 31, 2018, and December 31, 2017, and the related audited consolidated statements of income, changes in members’ equity and cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, and (ii) the unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of December 31, 2019, and the related unaudited consolidated income statements and statement of cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2019 (collectively, the Financial Statements). Except as otherwise indicated in the Financial Statements (including the notes thereto), the Financial Statements have been based upon the books and records of the Company Group, have been prepared in accordance with GAAP consistently applied during the periods involved and present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated balance sheet of Digital Media Solutions, LLC or the Company, as applicable, as at December 31, 2019, December 31, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively, and the consolidated results of their operations and cash flows for the applicable year then ended; provided that, for the avoidance of doubt, the Financial Statements have not been audited in accordance with PCAOB auditing standards by a PCAOB qualified auditor. During the periods presented, the Company had no material operations, assets or liabilities other than Indebtedness under the Current Credit Facility and holding its one asset, equity in Digital Media Solutions, LLC.

 

(b)        The Company Group maintains materially accurate and complete books and records reflecting its revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and maintains proper and adequate internal accounting controls. All of the financial books and records of the Company are complete and accurate in all material respects and have been maintained in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice and in accordance with applicable Laws. No member of the Company Group has been subject to or involved in any fraud that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the internal controls over financial reporting of any member of the Company Group. Since the Lookback Date, no member of the Company Group or, to the Knowledge of the Company, any of its officers, directors or employees has received any written complaint, allegation, assertion or claim regarding the accounting or auditing practices, procedures, methodologies or methods of any member of the Company Group

 

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or its internal accounting controls (including any notification of any “significant deficiency” or “material weakness”), including any written complaint, allegation, assertion or claim that any member of the Company Group has engaged in questionable accounting or auditing practices.

 

(c)        Section 5.5(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedules describes all of the Indebtedness of the Company Group in respect of borrowed money, including the identity of any obligor and/or guarantor, the aggregate principal and interest owed in respect thereof and the maturity of each such instrument, as of the applicable date indicated in Section 5.5(c) of the Company Disclosure Schedules.

 

5.6          Absence of Certain Changes. Since December 31, 2019, (a) the Business has been conducted in accordance with the ordinary course of business consistent with past practices in all material respects, and (b) each member of the Company Group has not taken or omitted to take any action that, if taken following the date hereof and prior to the Closing Date, would require the consent of Leo pursuant to Sections 9.1(b)(i), 9.1(b)(ii), 9.1(b)(iii), 9.1(b)(iv), 9.1(b)(vii), 9.1(b)(viii), 9.1(b)(ix), 9.1(b)(xi), 9.1(b)(xiii), 9.1(b)(xv) and 9.1(b)(xix) (in each case, subject to the exceptions contained therein), or authorized, committed or agreed to take any such action and (c) there have not been any changes, developments or events that has or have had a Material Adverse Effect.

 

5.7          Compliance with Law; Permits.

 

(a)        Each member of the Company Group is, and since the Lookback Date, has been, in compliance in all material respects with all Laws applicable to such member of the Company Group. Since the Lookback Date, no member of the Company Group has received written notice from any Governmental Authority alleging any material violation or violations under any applicable Law. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, this Section 5.7 shall not apply to infringement or other violation of Intellectual Property, or matters concerning Personal Information, which are addressed solely in Section 5.11 hereof.

 

(b)        The Company Group has all material Permits required under applicable Laws for the operation of the Business and is in material compliance with the terms of such Permits.

 

(c)        Each member of the Company Group has been, since the Lookback Date, in compliance with applicable Laws related to (i) anti-corruption or anti-bribery, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, 15 U.S.C. §§ 78dd-1, et seq., the UK Bribery Act 2010, and any other equivalent or comparable Laws of other countries (collectively, Anti-Corruption Laws), (ii) economic sanctions administered, enacted or enforced by any Sanctions Authority (collectively, Sanctions Laws), (iii) export controls, including the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, 15 C.F.R. §§ 730, et seq., and any other equivalent or comparable Laws of other countries (collectively, Export Control Laws), (iv) anti-money laundering, including the Money Laundering Control Act of 1986, 18 U.S.C. §§ 1956, 1957, and any other equivalent or comparable Laws of other countries; (v) anti-boycott regulations, as administered by the U.S. Department of Commerce; and (vi) importation of goods, including Laws administered by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Title 19 of the U.S.C. and C.F.R., and

 

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any other equivalent or comparable Laws of other countries (collectively, International Trade Control Laws).

 

(d)        None of the members of the Company Group, nor any director or officer, nor, to the Knowledge of the Company, any employee or agent of the Company Group (acting on behalf of the Company Group), is or is acting under the direction of, on behalf of or for the benefit of a Person that is, (i) the subject of Sanctions Laws or identified on any sanctions or similar lists administered by a Sanctions Authority, including the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Specially Designated Nationals List, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Denied Persons List and Entity List, the U.S. Department of State’s Debarred List, HM Treasury’s Consolidated List of Financial Sanctions Targets and the Investment Bank List, or any similar list enforced by any other relevant Sanctions Authority, as amended from time to time, or any Person owned or controlled by any of the foregoing (collectively, Prohibited Party); (ii) the target of any Sanctions Laws; (iii) located, organized or resident in a country or territory that is, or whose government is, the target of comprehensive trade sanctions under Sanctions Laws, including, as of the date of this Agreement, Crimea, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan and Syria; or (iv) an officer or employee of any Governmental Authority or public international organization, or officer of a political party or candidate for political office. Since the Lookback Date, none of the members of the Company Group, nor any director or officer, nor, to the Knowledge of the Company, any employee or agent of the Company Group (acting on behalf of the Company Group) (A) has participated in any transaction involving a Prohibited Party, or a Person who is the target of any Sanctions Laws, or any country or territory that was during such period or is, or whose government was during such period or is, the target of comprehensive trade sanctions under Sanctions Laws, (B) to the Knowledge of the Company, has exported (including deemed exportation) or re-exported, directly or indirectly, any commodity, software, technology, or services in violation of any applicable Export Control Laws or (C) has participated in any transaction in violation of or connected with any purpose prohibited by Anti-Corruption Laws or any applicable International Trade Control Laws, including support for international terrorism and nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons proliferation.

 

(e)        None of the members of the Company Group has received written notice of, nor, to the Knowledge of the Company, any of their respective officers, employees, agents or third-party representatives is or has been the subject of, any investigation, inquiry or enforcement proceedings by any Governmental Authority regarding any offense or alleged offense under Anti-Corruption Laws, Sanctions Laws, Export Control Laws or International Trade Control Laws (including by virtue of having made any disclosure relating to any offense or alleged offense) and, to the Knowledge of the Company, there are no circumstances likely to give rise to any such investigation, inquiry or proceeding.

 

5.8          Litigation. Except with respect to any investigation under the HSR Act or applicable Antitrust Laws relating to the transactions contemplated hereby, there is no Action pending or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened in writing against any member of the Company Group that (a) involves a claim in excess of $500,000, (b) involves a claim for an unspecified amount which would, if adversely determined, be reasonably likely to materially and adversely impact the Company Group’s Business, (c) seeks injunctive relief, which would, if granted, be reasonably likely to materially and adversely impact the Company Group’s Business or (d) is reasonably likely to materially impair the ability of the Company to perform its

 

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obligations under this Agreement. There are no material outstanding Orders by which any of the members the Company Group or any of its assets or properties are bound.

 

5.9          No Undisclosed Liabilities. Except as set forth in the Financial Statements (or the notes thereto), no member of the Company Group has any material Indebtedness, obligations or liabilities of any kind (whether accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise, and whether due or to become due), which is not accrued or reserved against in the December 30, 2019 balance sheet (or the notes thereto) included in each of the Financial Statements, other than (a) liabilities or obligations otherwise specifically disclosed in this Agreement or in such of the Company Disclosure Schedules, (b) liabilities and obligations arising under this Agreement and any Related Document or the performance by the Company of its obligations in accordance with the terms of this Agreement (including Section 9.1(b)) and any Related Document and (c) liabilities or obligations incurred since December 30, 2019, in the ordinary course of such Business none of which results from or arises out of a material breach of or a material default under any Contracts, material breach of warranty, tort, material infringement or material violation of Law.

 

5.10       Taxes.

 

(a)        All material Tax Returns required to be filed by or on behalf of any member of the Company Group have been duly and timely filed with the appropriate Tax Authority (after giving effect to any valid extensions of time in which to make such filings), and all such Tax Returns were true, correct and complete in all material respects when filed.

 

(b)        All material amounts of Taxes due and payable by any member of the Company Group have been fully and timely paid. 

 

(c)        No member of the Company Group has waived any statute of limitations in respect of material Taxes or agreed to any extension of time with respect to any material Tax assessment or deficiency.

 

(d)        Each of the members of the Company Group has complied in all material respects with all applicable Laws relating to the collection or withholding of material Taxes (including withholding of Taxes pursuant to Sections 1441, 1442, 1445, 1446, 3102 and 3402 of the Code or similar provisions under any state or non-U.S. Laws) and have duly and timely withheld and paid over to the appropriate Tax Authorities any and all material amounts required to be so withheld and paid over on or prior to the due date thereof under all applicable Laws.

 

(e)        No member of the Company Group (i) has been a member of a combined, consolidated, affiliated or unitary group for Tax filing purposes; or (ii) has any liability for material Taxes of any other Person (other than another member of the Company Group) under Treasury Regulations 1.1502-6 (or any corresponding or similar provision of state, local or non-U.S. Law), as a transferee or successor, by contract or otherwise.

 

(f)         No member of the Company Group is a party to any Tax allocation or sharing agreement (other than any commercial agreement entered into in the ordinary course of business that does not primarily relate to Taxes).

 

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(g)        No claim has been made in writing by any Tax Authority in a jurisdiction in which a member of the Company Group does not file Tax Returns or pay Taxes that such member of the Company Group is or may be subject to taxation by that jurisdiction or required to file Tax Returns in that jurisdiction.

 

(h)        No audit, examination, investigation, dispute or other proceeding by any Tax Authority with respect to material Taxes owed by any member of the Company Group is currently pending, and no Tax Authority has given written notice of any intention to commence such an audit, examination, investigation, dispute or other proceeding or assert any deficiency or claim for material additional Taxes against any member of the Company Group, nor has any such deficiency or claim for material additional Taxes been proposed or assessed in writing, which deficiency or claim has not been settled.

 

(i)         No member of the Company Group has engaged in any “listed transaction” as defined in Treasury Regulations Section 1.6011-4(b)(2).

 

(j)         The Company is not and has not been a “United States real property holding corporation” within the meaning of Section 897(c)(2) of the Code at any time during the applicable period specified in Section 897(c)(1)(A)(ii) of the Code.

 

(k)        In the two (2) years prior to the date of this Agreement, no member of the Company Group has entered into any “closing agreement” as described in Section 7121 of the Code (or any corresponding or similar provision of state, local or non-U.S. income Tax Law).

 

(l)         There are no material Encumbrances for Taxes upon any property or assets of any member of the Company Group except for Permitted Encumbrances.

 

(m)       No member of the Company Group has constituted either a “distributing corporation” or a “controlled corporation” (within the meaning of Section 355(a)(1)(A) of the Code) in a distribution qualifying (or purporting to qualify) for tax-free treatment under Section 355 of the Code in the two (2) years prior to the date of this Agreement.

 

(n)        From its formation, each member of the Company Group other than DMS UE Acquisition Holdings Inc. and UE Authority Co. has been classified as either a partnership or a “disregarded entity” for all U.S. federal, and applicable state and local, income Tax purposes and will be so classified for all periods through and including the Closing Date.

 

(o)        No member of the Company Group has made an election to apply the provisions of Section 1101(g)(4) of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 to any taxable period.

 

(p)        The Company, and each member of the Company Group that is classified as a partnership for U.S. federal income Tax purposes currently has in effect an election under Section 754 of the Code, and such election will remain in effect for all periods through and including the Closing Date.

 

5.11       Intellectual Property; Privacy; Cybersecurity.

 

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(a)        Section 5.11(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true and complete list, as of the date of this Agreement, of (i) all material Intellectual Property that is owned by any member of the Company Group that is registered or the subject of a pending application for registration (Owned Intellectual Property); (ii) each Contract material to the Business, pursuant to which any member of the Company Group uses or has the right to use any Licensed Intellectual Property (excluding licenses for commercial “shrink wrap,” “click through,” “browse wrap” or other off-the-shelf software that has not been modified or customized (other than commercially available configurations)); and (iii) each Contract material to the Business, pursuant to which any member of the Company Group licenses or sublicenses any material rights to Owned Intellectual Property or Licensed Intellectual Property to third parties. The Owned Intellectual Property is subsisting, and to the Knowledge of the Company, valid and enforceable.

 

(b)        To the Knowledge of the Company, one (1) or more members of the Company Group exclusively own or have a valid and enforceable license or other right to use all material Intellectual Property that is used in or necessary for the conduct of the Business as currently conducted. One (1) or more members of the Company Group (i) exclusively own all right, title and interest in and to the Owned Intellectual Property, free and clear of all Encumbrances (other than Permitted Encumbrances and non-exclusive licenses entered into in the ordinary course of such Business), and (ii) have the valid and enforceable right to use the Licensed Intellectual Property.

 

(c)        The Company Group has used commercially reasonable efforts and taken reasonable steps to maintain and protect all of the Owned Intellectual Property, including such steps to maintain the confidentiality, integrity, and security of the Company Computer Systems and confidential information of the Company Group. Except as would not be material to the Company Group, taken as a whole, the consultants and independent contractors of the Company Group who have created, authored, conceived or developed Intellectual Property for or on behalf of, or under the direction or supervision of the Company Group or otherwise arising out of such person’s engagement or contract with the Company Group has entered into a valid and enforceable written agreement with the Company Group assigning all such Intellectual Property to the Company Group to the extent such Intellectual Property otherwise has not vested in the Company Group by operation of law. To the Knowledge of the Company, no material confidential information of the Company Group has been disclosed or authorized to be disclosed to any Person, other than in the ordinary course of business pursuant to a written confidentiality agreement. To the Knowledge of the Company, no Person has materially breached any agreement referenced in this Section 5.11(c).

 

(d)        (i) To the Knowledge of the Company, the operation of the Business, as currently conducted, does not, directly or indirectly, infringe, misappropriate or otherwise violate the Intellectual Property rights of any third party in any material respect; (ii) since the Lookback Date, no member of the Company Group has received any written communication from any Person alleging a member of the Company Group directly or indirectly, infringes, misappropriates or otherwise violates the Intellectual Property rights of any such Person in any material respect; (iii) there is no material Action pending or threatened in writing against any member of the Company Group alleging that a member of the Company Group is, directly or indirectly, infringing, misappropriating or otherwise violating any Intellectual Property rights of

 

23

 

any Person; (iv) there is no Action pending or threatened in writing by any member of the Company Group alleging that a third party has, directly or indirectly, infringed, misappropriated or otherwise violated any Intellectual Property rights of a member of the Company Group in any material respect; and (v) to the Knowledge of the Company, no Person is infringing upon, misappropriating or otherwise violating any Intellectual Property owned by any member of the Company Group and that is material to the Business.

 

(e)        Except as would not be material to the Company Group, each member of the Company Group has established and implemented, and is operating in compliance with, policies, programs and procedures that are commercially reasonable and consistent with reasonable industry practices, including administrative, technical and physical safeguards, intended to protect the confidentiality and security of Sensitive Data in their possession, custody or control against unauthorized access, use, modification, disclosure or other misuse, including maintaining security controls for all information technology systems owned by a member of the Company Group or relied upon in the operation of the Business as currently conducted, including computer hardware, software, networks, information technology systems, electronic data processing systems, telecommunications networks, network equipment, interfaces, platforms, peripherals, and data or information contained therein or transmitted thereby, including any outsourced systems and processes (collectively, the Company Computer Systems) that are intended to safeguard the Company Computer Systems against the risk of business disruption arising from attacks (including virus, worm and denial-of-service attacks), unauthorized activities or access of any employee, hackers or any other person (which security controls, for clarity, may consist, to the extent such Company Computer Systems are not under the direct control of a member of the Company Group, of commercially reasonable diligence of applicable third-party vendors). The software and databases owned by a member of the Company Group are reasonably sufficient in all material respects for operation of the Business as currently conducted and, to the Knowledge of the Company, are free from any material bug, virus, malware, and the like. The Company Group uses commercially reasonable efforts to protect the confidentiality, integrity and security of the Company Computer Systems and to prevent any unauthorized use, access, interruption, or modification of the Company Computer Systems. Except as would not be material to the Company Group, such Company Computer Systems (i) are sufficient for the needs of the Company Group, including as to capacity, scalability and ability to process current peak volumes in a timely manner, and (ii) are in sufficiently good working condition to effectively perform all information technology operations and include a sufficient number of license seats for all software as necessary for the operation of the Business as currently conducted. Since the Lookback Date, the Company Computer Systems have not suffered any material failures, breakdowns, continued substandard performance, unauthorized intrusions, or other adverse events affecting any such Company Computer Systems that have caused any substantial disruption of or interruption in or to the use of such Company Computer Systems in the Business. The Company has remedied in all material respects any material privacy or data security issues raised in any privacy or data security audits of its businesses (including third-party audits of the Company Computer Systems), or, with respect to any such issues pertaining to third-party service providers or Company Computer Systems outside of the Company’s control, has used commercially reasonable efforts to cause the applicable third party to do so.

 

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(f)         The Company Group has in place commercially reasonable policies (including a privacy policy), rules, and procedures (the Privacy Policy) regarding the collection, use, processing, disclosure, disposal, dissemination, storage and protection of personally identifiable customer information.

 

(g)        Except as would not be material to the Company Group, taken as a whole, the Company Group is, and since the Lookback Date, has been, in compliance with (A) all applicable Laws and (B) the Company Group’s Privacy Policy, (C) the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard, and (D) material terms in contracts to which a member of the Company Group is party, in each case, regarding the collection, use, processing, disclosure, disposal, dissemination, storage and protection of personally identifiable customer or employee information and payment card information (Personal Information) and other Sensitive Data.

 

(h)        Since the Lookback Date, to the Knowledge of the Company, there has been no material unauthorized access or use of Personal Information stored by any member of the Company Group.

 

(i)         The Company Group has commercially reasonable security measures in place intended to protect Personal Information stored in their computer systems from unlawful access or use by any third party or any other use by a third party that would materially violate the Privacy Policy.

 

(j)         No material Actions are pending or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened in writing against any member of the Company Group relating to the collection, use, dissemination, storage and protection of Personal Information.

 

5.12       Employees and Employee Benefits.

 

(a)        Section 5.12(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedules contains a correct and complete list of all material Benefit Plans as of the date of this Agreement.

 

(b)        With respect to each material Benefit Plan, if applicable, the Company has made available to Leo true and complete copies of (i) the plan document, including any related trust document, insurance contract or other funding arrangement, and all amendments thereto, (ii) the most recent summary plan description, or (iii) the most recent annual audited financial statements and opinion and (iv) if the Benefit Plan is intended to qualify under Section 401(a) of the Code, the most recent determination or opinion letter received from the Internal Revenue Service (the IRS).

 

(c)        No member of the Company Group nor any ERISA Affiliate thereof has or could reasonably expect to have any liability with respect to (i) any employee benefit plan subject to Section 412 or 4971 of the Code or Title IV or Section 302 of ERISA, (ii) a “multiple employer plan” as defined in Section 413(c) of the Code, (iii) a “multiple employer welfare arrangement” within the meaning of Section 3(40) of ERISA, or (iv) a “multiemployer plan” as defined in Section 3(37) of ERISA. For purposes hereof, ERISA Affiliate shall mean any trade or business (whether or not incorporated) that, together with any member of the Company Group, is treated as a single-employer under Section 414 of the Code.

 

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(d)        Each Benefit Plan is in compliance, and has been established, maintained, funded and administered in compliance, with its terms, ERISA, the Code and other applicable Law in all material respects. With respect to each Benefit Plan that is intended to qualify under Section 401(a) of the Code (i) a favorable determination letter has been issued by the IRS with respect to such qualification, (ii) its related trust has been determined to be exempt from taxation under Section 501(a) of the Code and (iii) except as would not result in material liability to the Company Group, no event has occurred since the date of such qualification or exemption that would reasonably be expected to adversely affect such qualification or exemption (including any violations of Sections 410(a) or 410(b) of the Code).

 

(e)        No Benefit Plan provides health, medical, life insurance or death benefits to current or former employees of any member of the Company Group beyond their retirement or other termination of service, other than coverage mandated by the COBRA or Section 4980B of the Code, or any similar state group health plan continuation Law, the cost of which is fully paid by such current or former employees or their dependents. No member of the Company Group has incurred or could reasonably expect to incur any material penalty or Tax (whether or not assessed) under Sections 4980D, 4980H, 6721 or 6722 of the Code.

 

(f)         With respect to any Benefit Plan, no material Actions (other than routine claims for benefits in the ordinary course) are pending, or to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened against any Benefit Plan, the assets of any of the trusts under such plans or the plan sponsor or administrator, or against any fiduciary of any Benefit Plan with respect to the operation thereof. To the Knowledge of the Company, no Benefit Plan is presently under audit or examination (nor has written notice been received of a potential audit or examination) by any Governmental Authority.

 

(g)        Neither the execution and delivery of this Agreement nor the consummation of the transaction contemplated hereby (either alone or in combination with any other event) could give rise to the payment of any amount that would not be deductible by Leo, any member of the Company Group or any of their respective Subsidiaries or Affiliates by reason of Section 280G of the Code or any amount that could, individually or in combination with any other such payment, constitute an “excess parachute payment,” as defined in Section 280G(b)(1) of the Code.

 

(h)        Each contract, arrangement or plan that is a “nonqualified deferred compensation plan” (as defined for purposes of Section 409A of the Code) (if any) is in documentary and operational compliance in all material respects with Section 409A of the Code and the applicable guidance issued thereunder, such that no Taxes or interest will be due and owing after the Closing in respect of such arrangement failing to be in compliance therewith.

 

(i)         No member of the Company Group has any obligations to gross-up or reimburse any individual for any tax or related interest or penalties incurred by such individual in respect of a Benefit Plan, including under Sections 409A or 4999 of the Code or otherwise.

 

(j)         The execution and delivery of this Agreement and the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement will not (either alone or in combination with another event) (i) result in any payment or benefit from any member of the Company Group

 

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becoming due, or increase the amount of any compensation due, to any current or former director, officer, employee or natural person consultant of any member of the Company Group, (ii) increase any benefits otherwise payable under any Benefit Plan or otherwise or (iii) result in the acceleration of the time of payment, vesting or funding of, or increase the amount of, any compensation or benefits from any member of the Company Group to any current or former director, officer, employee or natural person consultant of any member of the Company Group under any Benefit Plan or otherwise.

 

(k)        (i) Each material Benefit Plan that is not subject to United States Law maintained primarily in respect of any current or former director, officer, employee or consultant of any member of the Company Group who is located outside the United States (a Foreign Benefit Plan) has been established, maintained and administered in all material respects in accordance with its terms and applicable Laws, and if intended to qualify for special tax treatment, meets all the requirements for such treatment; (ii) all employer and employee contributions to each material Foreign Benefit Plan required by its terms or by applicable Law have been made or, if applicable, accrued in accordance with generally accepted accounting practices in the applicable jurisdiction and any other payments (including insurance premiums) otherwise due in respect of a material Foreign Benefit Plan have been paid in full; (iii) the fair market value of the assets of each funded material Foreign Benefit Plan, the liability of each insurer for any material Foreign Benefit Plan funded through insurance or the book reserve established for any material Foreign Benefit Plan, together with any accrued contributions, is sufficient to procure or provide for the accrued benefit obligations, as of the date of this Agreement, with respect to all current and former participants in such plan according to the actuarial assumptions and valuations most recently used to determine employer contributions to such Foreign Benefit Plan, and no transaction contemplated by this Agreement shall cause such assets or insurance obligations to be less than such benefit obligations; and (iv) each material Foreign Benefit Plan required to be registered has been registered and has been maintained in good standing with applicable regulatory authorities.

 

5.13       Labor.

 

(a)        No member of the Company Group is a party to or bound by any collective bargaining agreements, works council agreements, labor union contracts, trade union agreements or other similar Contracts or understandings or bargaining relationships with any union, works council, trade union or other labor organization.

 

(b)        Since the Lookback Date, (i) to the Knowledge of the Company, no labor organization or group of employees of any member of the Company Group has sought to organize any employees for the purposes of collective bargaining, made a demand for recognition or certification, sought to bargain collectively with any member of the Company Group, or filed a petition for recognition with any Governmental Authority, (ii) there is no material unfair labor practice charge or complaint pending before any applicable Governmental Authority relating to any member of the Company Group or an employee thereof, and (iii) there has not been any strike, walkout or lockout, or other material labor dispute against or affecting any member of the Company Group, and no such activity is currently ongoing or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened.

 

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(c)        Since the Lookback Date, (i) each member of the Company Group has been, and is in, material compliance with all applicable Laws relating to labor or employment; (ii) except as permitted by Section 9.1(b), no member of the Company Group has incurred any liability under the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act or any similar state or local Law (the WARN Act); (iii) except as could not result in material liability for the Company Group, (A) each member of the Company Group has fully and timely paid all wages, salaries, wage premiums, commissions, bonuses, expense reimbursements, severance and other compensation that has come due and payable to its current and former employees and other service providers under applicable Law, Contract, or Company Group policy, and (B) each individual who is providing, and has provided services to the Company Group, and who is or was classified and treated by the Company Group as an independent contractor, consultant, or other non-employee service provider is and was properly classified for all applicable purposes; and (iv) each member of the Company Group has investigated all material allegations of employment discrimination and sexual harassment, of which it has been made aware, made against any employee, and has taken reasonable corrective action calculated to prevent further harassment and discrimination, and no member of the Company Group reasonably expects to incur any material liability with respect to any such allegations.

 

5.14       Environmental Matters. Each member of the Company Group is, and, since the Lookback Date, has been, in compliance in all material respects with applicable Laws relating to (i) human health and safety, (ii) pollution, contamination, protection, remediation or reclamation of the environment or natural resources, (iii) emissions, discharges, disseminations, Releases or threatened Releases of Hazardous Substances into or through the environment, including air (indoor or outdoor), surface water, groundwater, soil or land surface or subsurface or (iv) the management, manufacture, processing, labeling, distribution, use, treatment, storage, disposal, transport, recycling or handling of, or exposure to, Hazardous Substances (collectively, Environmental Laws), (b) the Company Group possesses, and, to the extent applicable, has filed timely applications to renew, all material Permits required under Environmental Laws necessary for its operations, and such operations are in compliance with applicable Permits in all material respects, (c) no material Action arising under or pursuant to Environmental Laws is pending or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened in writing, against any member of the Company Group and there are no material outstanding Orders arising under or pursuant to Environmental Laws by which any member of the Company Group or any of its assets or properties are bound, (d) no member of the Company Group has received any written notice, report or other information regarding any material violation of, or material liability under, Environmental Laws, (e) no member of the Company Group has assumed, undertaken, provided an indemnity with respect to, or otherwise become subject to, any material liabilities of any other Person arising under Environmental Law, (f) there has been no treatment, storage, disposal of, arrangement for or permission to dispose of, transportation, handling, Release or threatened Release of, exposure of any Person to, any Hazardous Substances by any member of the Company Group, or by any other Person at, on, under, from or through any property currently or formerly owned, leased, occupied or operated by any member of the Company Group, in each case so as to result in material liability under Environmental Law of the Company Group, taken as a whole and (g) the Company has made available to Leo all environmental assessments, reports, audits and other material environmental documents relating to any member of the Company Group, any property currently or formerly owned, leased, occupied or operated by any

 

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member of the Company Group, or the Business, in each case, to the extent such materials are in the possession, custody or control of any member of the Company Group.

 

5.15        Material Contracts.

 

(a)        Section 5.15(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true, correct and complete list of all of the following types of Contracts (other than any Benefit Plan listed on Section 5.12(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedules) (x) to which any member of the Company Group is a party as of the date of this Agreement or (y) by which any member of the Company Group or any of their respective properties or assets are bound as of the date of this Agreement (collectively, the Material Contracts):

 

(i)         any Contract containing a covenant limiting the right of any member of the Company Group to engage in any line of business in any geographic area or to compete with any Person that materially limits such Business, taken as a whole, other than the Real Property Leases;

 

(ii)        any Contract that grants to any Person, other than a member of the Company Group, (A) most favored pricing provisions or (B) any exclusive rights, rights of first refusal, rights of first negotiation or other similar rights;

 

(iii)       any Contract under which any member of the Company Group has borrowed any money or incurred any Indebtedness from, or issued any note, bond, debenture or other evidence of Indebtedness to, or material continuing indemnification or other material contingent payment obligations to, any Person (other than any member of the Company Group) in which the outstanding balance or amount is in excess of $250,000 individually or $500,000 in the aggregate;

 

(iv)       any Contract that requires the future acquisition by any member of the Company Group from another Person, or future disposition to another Person by the Company Group, of assets, properties or capital stock or other equity interest of another Person, and any Contract that relates to an acquisition or similar transaction which contains “earn-out” or other continuing obligations of any member of the Company Group, in any such case, that would reasonably be expected to result in payments in excess of $500,000 in the aggregate after the date of this Agreement or any merger or business combination with respect to any member of the Company Group other than the transaction contemplated hereunder;

 

(v)        Contracts relating to the formation, creation, operation, management or control of any partnership, joint venture, strategic alliance or similar Contract with a third party;

 

(vi)       Contracts (excluding non-continuing purchase orders and statements of work under any master Contract) with any of the Material Customers and Material Suppliers and Vendors of the Company and the members of the Company Group;

 

(vii)      collective bargaining agreements or other Contracts with any labor union, works council or other labor organization;

 

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(viii)      any Contract that is a settlement, conciliation or similar agreement with any Governmental Authority;

 

(ix)       Contracts pursuant to which the Company received or paid more than $3,000,000 during the twelve (12)-month period commencing January 1, 2019, other than Contracts relating to Indebtedness.

 

(x)        all Contracts requiring or providing for any capital expenditure in excess of $2,000,000 other than capital expenditures made in the ordinary course of the Company Group’s Business;

 

(xi)       settlement, conciliation or similar Contract entered into by any member of the Company Group in the last 12 months providing for payment by any member of the Company Group in excess of $500,000 individually or imposing any material non-monetary obligations on any member of the Company Group;

 

(xii)      Contracts, the primary purposes of which concerns a license, covenant not to sue, escrow, settlement, co-existence, concurrent use, consent to use, or other grant of material rights in Intellectual Property material to the Business, including any such (A) Contract pursuant to which third-party Intellectual Property that is material to the Business is licensed to, or a covenant not to sue with respect to such Intellectual Property is granted to, any member of the Company Group (excluding any software licenses for software generally available on “shrink wrap” or other standard terms for less than $500,000 in total), (B) Contracts pursuant to which any member of the Company Group has granted any license under, a covenant not to sue, or otherwise transferred or conveyed a material right or interest in (whether or not currently exercisable), any material Intellectual Property owned by a member of the Company Group to any third party (excluding any non-exclusive licenses of Intellectual Property granted to customers in the ordinary course of business), (C) Contracts for the acquisition, creation, or development of material Intellectual Property for the Company Group, except for assignment of inventions or Intellectual Property agreements entered into with employees and contractors in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, and (D) Contracts entered into in connection with the resolution of any material claim or dispute related to Intellectual Property, including any such agreements affecting the Company Group’s ability to own, enforce, use, license or disclose Intellectual Property.

 

(b)        The Company has made available to Leo true and complete copies of all Material Contracts, including any amendments thereto. Each Material Contract is, subject to the Enforceability Exceptions, a valid and binding agreement of the applicable member of the Company Group in all material respects and, to the Knowledge of the Company, each other party thereto in all material respects. As of the date of this Agreement, no member of the Company Group or, to the Knowledge of the Company, any other party thereto, is in or has received written notice of any material breach or material default under any such Material Contract.

 

5.16       Related Person Transactions. Except for any Benefit Plan listed on Section 5.12(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedules, the Company LLC Agreement, the Amended Partnership Agreement and any transaction among the Company Group, no Related Person of the Company Group:

 

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(a)        has engaged in any transaction with the Company or any member of the Company Group during the twelve (12)-month period ending on the date of this Agreement;

 

(b)        is a party to any Contract with the Company or any member of the Company Group (or operates under or otherwise receives the benefit of any such Contract);

 

(c)        owns directly or indirectly (other than through any direct or indirect equity interest in the Company) in whole or in part, or has any other direct or indirect interest (other than through any direct or indirect equity interest in the Company) in, any tangible property that any member of the Company Group owns or leases; or

 

(d)        has outstanding any Indebtedness to or from any member of the Company Group.

 

(e)        All agreements and other relationships between any member of the Company Group, on the one hand, and any of its Related Persons or Affiliates of the Company Group (other than the other members of the Company Group), on the other hand, are conducted on terms and conditions that approximate those terms and conditions had such arrangements been negotiated on an arm’s-length basis. There are no agreements or other relationships between any member of the Company Group, on the one hand, and any Seller or its affiliated investment funds, alternative investment vehicles or related management or advising entities, on the other hand.

 

5.17       Real and Personal Property.

 

(a)        The Company does not own in fee any real property.

 

(b)        Section 5.17(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedules sets forth, as of the date of this Agreement, a true and complete list of all material leases, subleases, licenses and other occupancy agreements relating to real property to which any member of the Company Group is a party as lessee, sublessee, licensee or occupant with anticipated annual rental payments in excess of $500,000 (the Real Property Leases). The applicable member of the Company Group has a valid leasehold estate in all real property occupied pursuant to the Real Property Leases, free and clear of all Encumbrances, other than Permitted Encumbrances. Each Real Property Lease to which any member of the Company Group is a party is, subject to the Enforceability Exceptions, in full force and effect and is a valid and binding agreement of the applicable member of the Company Group in all material respects.

 

(c)        No member of the Company Group, or to the Knowledge of the Company, any other person or party thereto, is in breach or default, in any material respect, under any of the Real Property Leases, and to the Knowledge of the Company, there has not occurred any event that with the lapse of time or the giving of notice or both would constitute such a breach or default under any of the Real Property Leases.

 

(d)        The Company has made available to Leo true and complete copies of all Real Property Leases (including all modifications and amendments thereto and guaranties and renewals thereof), and none of the Real Property Leases has been modified in any material

 

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respect, except to the extent that such modifications are disclosed by the copies of same made available by the Company to Leo.

 

(e)        The applicable member of the Company Group has good title to, or holds a valid leasehold interest in, or a valid license to use, all of the tangible assets and tangible personal property used by such member of the Company Group in the operation of its respective Business and which are material to such member of the Company Group, free and clear of any Encumbrances (other than Permitted Encumbrances).

 

5.18       Insurance. Section 5.18 of the Company Disclosure Schedules contains a list of all material insurance policies, covering the Company Group, taken as a whole, in effect at the date of this Agreement. With respect to each material insurance policy covering the Company Group, in all material respects, (a) such insurance policy is in full force and effect and all premiums with respect thereto covering all periods up to the Closing will be paid in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, (b) there is no material claim pending under any of such insurance policies as to which coverage has been questioned, denied or disputed, in each case, in writing by the underwriters of such policies and (c) no member of the Company Group has received written notice of cancellation, termination, material reduction in coverage or disallowance or material increase in premium (other than ordinary course increases that are not material to the Company Group taken as a whole) of any insurance policy that is held by, or for the benefit of, any member of the Company Group.

 

5.19       Brokers’ and Finders’ Fees. Other than any Person to which Seller Transaction Costs are payable, no member of the Company Group has employed, nor is any member of the Company Group subject to any valid claim of liability or obligation to, any broker, finder, investment banker, consultant or other intermediary in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

5.20       Customers, Suppliers and Vendors. Section 5.20 of the Company Disclosure Schedules sets forth a list of the twenty (20) largest customers (the Material Customers) and the twenty (20) largest suppliers and vendors (Material Suppliers and Vendors) of the Company Group, taken as a whole, as measured by the dollar amount of purchases thereby or therefrom, for the Company’s fiscal year ending December 31, 2019, showing the approximate total purchases by such customer from the Company during each such period and the approximate total purchases by the Company Group from each such supplier or vendor during each such period. No such customer, supplier or vendor listed on Section 5.20 of the Company Disclosure Schedules has on or prior to the date of this Agreement (a) threatened in writing to terminate, cancel or, other than in the ordinary course of Business, materially limit or materially and adversely modify any of its existing or planned business with any member of the Company Group or (b) to the Knowledge of the Company, been involved in or threatened in writing a material dispute against any member of the Company Group or become insolvent or subject to bankruptcy proceedings.

 

5.21       Company Information. The information relating to the Company and the members of the Company Group which is or will be provided to Leo for inclusion in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement will not, at the date the Form S-4 is filed or declared effective, the Proxy Statement is first mailed to Leo’s shareholders or at the time of the Leo Shareholders

 

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Meeting, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances in which they are made, not misleading. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company makes no representation, warranty or covenant with respect to (a) statements made or incorporated by reference therein based on information supplied by Leo, the Sellers, Blocker Corp or Sponsor for inclusion or incorporation by reference in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement or (b) any projections or forecasts included in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement.

 

5.22       Solvency. None of the Company or any member of the Company Group is entering into this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby with the actual intent to hinder, delay or defraud either present or future creditors.

 

5.23       No Additional Representations. NEITHER THE COMPANY NOR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES NOR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE REPRESENTATIVES IS MAKING ANY WRITTEN OR ORAL REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF ANY NATURE WHATSOEVER WITH RESPECT TO THE SELLERS, ANY MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP OR BLOCKER CORP, INCLUDING ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE ASSETS, RIGHTS, PROPERTIES OR LIABILITIES AND INCLUDING THE PHYSICAL OR ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION OF ANY PAST OR CURRENT PROPERTY OR FACILITY OF ANY OF THE FOREGOING, OR ANY OF THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED BY THIS AGREEMENT OR ANY RELATED DOCUMENT, EXCEPT, IN EACH CASE, FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE V, AND EXCEPT FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE V, THE CONDITION OF THE ASSETS, PROPERTIES AND RIGHTS OF THE MEMBERS OF THE COMPANY GROUP AND BLOCKER CORP SHALL BE “AS IS,” “WHERE IS” AND “WITH ALL FAULTS.” THE COMPANY DISCLAIMS ANY OTHER REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, WHETHER MADE BY THE COMPANY OR ANY OTHER MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES OR ANY OF THEIR OR THEIR AFFILIATES’ RESPECTIVE REPRESENTATIVES. EXCEPT FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE V, THE COMPANY (ON BEHALF OF ITSELF AND THE OTHER MEMBERS OF THE COMPANY GROUP) HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL LIABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, PROJECTION, FORECAST, STATEMENT OR INFORMATION MADE, COMMUNICATED OR FURNISHED (ORALLY OR IN WRITING, IN THE CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION MEMORANDUM OR OTHERWISE) TO LEO OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES OR REPRESENTATIVES (INCLUDING ANY OPINION, INFORMATION, PROJECTION OR ADVICE THAT MAY HAVE BEEN OR MAY BE PROVIDED TO LEO BY ANY REPRESENTATIVE OF THE COMPANY, ANY OTHER MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES). NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT TO THE CONTRARY, NO MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP MAKES ANY REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES TO LEO REGARDING ANY PROJECTIONS OR THE FUTURE OR PROBABLE PROFITABILITY, SUCCESS, BUSINESS, OPPORTUNITIES, RELATIONSHIPS AND OPERATIONS OF THE COMPANY AND/OR ANY OTHER MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP OR BLOCKER CORP.

 

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Article VI

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF BLOCKER CORP

 

Except as set forth in the Company Disclosure Schedules, Blocker Corp hereby represents and warrants to Leo as follows:

 

6.1         Standing; Qualification and Power.

 

(a)        Blocker Corp is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing (or has the equivalent status) under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization, with all power and authority necessary to own, lease or operate the properties and assets owned, leased or operated by it and to carry on its business as currently conducted, in each case, in all material respects.

 

(b)        Blocker Corp is duly qualified or licensed to do business in each jurisdiction in which ownership of its property or assets or the conduct of its business requires such qualification or license, except where the failure to be so qualified or licensed would not prevent or materially impair or materially delay Blocker Corp’s performance of its obligations hereunder.

 

6.2         Ownership; Capitalization of Blocker Corp.

 

(a)        Blocker Corp has good, valid and marketable title to, and owns beneficially and of record, the Outstanding Blocker Corp Company Units, free and clear of all Encumbrances.

 

(b)        Other than this Agreement, the Company LLC Agreement and the Amended Partnership Agreement, the Outstanding Blocker Corp Company Units are not subject to any stockholder agreement, investor rights agreement, registration rights agreement, voting agreement or trust, proxy or other similar Contract (including any Contract relating to rights of first refusal, co-sale rights or drag-along rights).

 

(c)        The Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares constitute all of the issued and outstanding equity interests of Blocker Corp.

 

(d)        All of the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares have been duly authorized and validly issued, are fully paid and nonassessable, were not issued in violation of any preemptive, rights of first refusal or similar rights, and at the Closing will be free and clear of all Encumbrances.

 

(e)        As of the date of this Agreement, there are no outstanding (i) securities convertible into or exchangeable for the capital stock of Blocker Corp, (ii) options, restricted stock units, performance stock units, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, warrants, calls or other rights to purchase or subscribe for capital stock of Blocker Corp or (iii) Contracts of any kind to which Blocker Corp is subject or bound requiring the issuance after the date of this Agreement of (A) any capital stock of Blocker Corp, (B) any convertible or exchangeable security of the type referred to in clause (i) above or (C) any options, restricted stock units,

 

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performance stock units, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, warrants, calls or rights of the type referred to in clause (ii) above.

 

(f)         There are no voting trusts, proxies, stockholder, partnership or other Contracts with an equityholder of Blocker Corp, investors’ rights Contracts, right of first refusal or co-sale Contract, or registration rights Contracts or other agreements or understandings to which Blocker Corp is bound with respect to voting of any shares of capital stock or any other equity interest of Blocker Corp.

 

(g)        Other than the Outstanding Blocker Corp Company Units and the resulting indirect interest in the Company Group, Blocker Corp does not own, directly or indirectly, any interest or investment in the form of equity in, and is not is subject to any obligation or requirement to provide for or make any investment in, any Person.

 

6.3         Authority; Execution and Delivery; Enforceability. Blocker Corp has all requisite power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and each of the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby and to perform all of its obligations hereunder and thereunder. The execution and delivery by Blocker Corp of this Agreement has been and, in the case of the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party, will be when delivered, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby has been and the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party will be when delivered, duly authorized by all requisite action of Blocker Corp, and no other proceeding on the part of Blocker Corp is necessary to authorize the entry into this Agreement by Blocker Corp or the entry into the Related Documents to which Blocker Corp is or will be a party or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby. This Agreement has been, and upon its execution and delivery, each of the Related Documents to which Blocker Corp is or will be a party will be, duly and validly executed and delivered by Blocker Corp and, assuming this Agreement and the Related Documents have been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the other parties hereto or thereto, as applicable, this Agreement constitutes, and upon its execution and delivery each of the Related Documents to which Blocker Corp is or will be a party will constitute, a legal, valid and binding obligation of Blocker Corp, enforceable against it in accordance with its terms, in each case subject to the Enforceability Exceptions.

 

6.4         Brokers’ and Finders’ Fees. Other than any Person to which Seller Transaction Costs are payable, Blocker Corp has not employed, nor is it subject to any valid claim of liability or obligation to, any broker, finder, investment banker, consultant or other intermediary in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement who might be entitled to any fee or commission in connection therewith.

 

6.5         No Conflict; Consents.

 

(a)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by Blocker Corp, and the consummation by Blocker Corp of the transactions contemplated hereby, do not and will not, as applicable, (i) violate or conflict with any provision of the articles of incorporation or bylaws (or other comparable governing documents) of Blocker Corp, (ii) result in a violation or breach of, or constitute (with or without the giving of notice or, the lapse of time

 

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or both) a default (or give rise to any right of termination, amendment, acceleration, suspension, revocation or cancellation of obligations or any penalty or modification of any obligation) under, any material Contract to which Blocker Corp is a party or by which any of its respective properties or assets are bound, (iii) assuming that all Approvals have been obtained and all filings, registrations and notifications have been made, each as contemplated by Section 4.5(b), Section 5.4(b), Section 6.5(b), Section 7.4(b) and/or Section 8.4(b), violate or conflict with any Law applicable to Blocker Corp or by which any of its respective properties or assets are bound, or (iv) result in the creation of any Encumbrance (other than Permitted Encumbrances) upon the material properties or material assets of Blocker Corp, other than, in the case of clauses (ii) through (iv) above, any such violations, breaches, defaults or rights of termination or cancellation of obligations which would not, individually or in the aggregate, materially impair or materially delay Blocker Corp’s ability to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

(b)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by Blocker Corp, and the consummation by Blocker Corp of the transactions contemplated hereby, will not require any waiver, authorization or other Permit of, or filing or registration with or notification to, any Governmental Authority, other than (i) compliance with all applicable Antitrust Laws and (ii) such Approvals, filings, registrations or notifications which, if not made or obtained, would not, individually or in the aggregate, materially impair or materially delay Blocker Corp’s ability to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

6.6         Litigation. As of the date of this Agreement, (a) there are no Actions pending or, to the knowledge of Blocker Corp, threatened against Blocker Corp and (b) Blocker Corp is not subject to (nor are any properties or assets of Blocker Corp bound by or subject to) any outstanding material Orders.

 

6.7         Taxes.

 

(a)        All material Tax Returns required to be filed by or on behalf of Blocker Corp have been duly and timely filed with the appropriate Tax Authority (after giving effect to any valid extensions of time in which to make such filings), and all such Tax Returns were true, correct and complete in all material respects when filed.

 

(b)        All material amounts of Taxes due and payable by Blocker Corp have been fully and timely paid.

 

(c)        Blocker Corp has not waived any statute of limitations in respect of material Taxes or agreed to any extension of time with respect to any material Tax assessment or deficiency.

 

(d)        Blocker Corp has complied in all material respects with all applicable Laws relating to the collection or withholding of material Taxes (including withholding of Taxes pursuant to Sections 1441, 1442, 1445, 1446, 3102 and 3402 of the Code or similar provisions under any state or non-U.S. Laws) and has duly and timely withheld and paid over to the appropriate Tax Authorities any and all material amounts required to be so withheld and paid over on or prior to the due date thereof under all applicable Laws.

 

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(e)        Blocker Corp (i) has not been a member of a combined, consolidated, affiliated or unitary group for Tax filing purposes; and (ii) has no liability for material Taxes of any other Person (other than a member of the Company Group) under Treasury Regulations 1.1502-6 (or any corresponding or similar provision of state, local or non-U.S. Law), as a transferee or successor, by contract or otherwise.

 

(f)         Blocker Corp is not a party to any Tax allocation or sharing agreement (other than any commercial agreement entered into in the ordinary course of business that does not primarily relate to Taxes).

 

(g)        No claim has been made in writing by any Tax Authority in a jurisdiction in which Blocker Corp does not file Tax Returns or pay Taxes that Blocker Corp is or may be subject to taxation by that jurisdiction or required to file Tax Returns in that jurisdiction. 

 

(h)        No audit, examination, investigation, dispute or other proceeding by any Tax Authority with respect to material Taxes owed by Blocker Corp is pending and no Tax Authority has given written notice of any intention to commence such an audit, examination, investigation, dispute or other proceeding or assert any deficiency or claim for material additional Taxes against Blocker Corp, nor has any such deficiency or claim for material additional Taxes been proposed or assessed in writing, which deficiency or claim has not been settled.

 

(i)         Blocker Corp has not engaged in any “listed transaction” as defined in Treasury Regulations Section 1.6011-4(b)(2).

 

(j)         Blocker Corp is not and has not been a “United States real property holding corporation” within the meaning of Section 897(c)(2) of the Code at any time during the applicable period specified in Section 897(c)(1)(A)(ii) of the Code.

 

(k)        In the two (2) years prior to the date of this Agreement, Blocker Corp has not entered into any “closing agreement” as described in Section 7121 of the Code (or any corresponding or similar provision of state, local or non-U.S. income Tax Law).

 

(l)         There are no material Encumbrances for Taxes upon any property or assets of Blocker Corp except for Permitted Encumbrances.

 

(m)       Blocker Corp has not constituted either a “distributing corporation” or a “controlled corporation” (within the meaning of Section 355(a)(1)(A) of the Code) in a distribution qualifying (or purporting to qualify) for tax-free treatment under Section 355 of the Code in the two (2) years prior to the date of this Agreement.

 

(n)        From its formation, Blocker Corp has been classified as a corporation for all U.S. federal, and applicable state and local, income Tax purposes and will be so classified for all periods through and including the Closing Date.

 

6.8         Blocker Corp Information. The information relating to Blocker Corp which is provided to Leo for inclusion in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement, will not at the date the Form S-4 is filed or declared effective, the Proxy Statement is first mailed to Leo’s shareholders

 

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or at the time of the Leo Shareholders Meeting contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances in which they are made, not misleading (subject to the qualifications and limitations set forth in the materials provided by Blocker Corp that is included in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement). Notwithstanding the foregoing, Blocker Corp does not make any representation, warranty or covenant with respect to (a) statements made or incorporated by reference therein based on information supplied by Leo, Sponsor, the Sellers or the Company for inclusion or incorporation by reference in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement or (b) any projections or forecasts included in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement.

 

6.9         Assets; Operations; Liabilities.

 

(a)        Blocker Corp does not have any material assets or operations, except for this Agreement and the Outstanding Blocker Corp Company Units. Blocker Corp was formed for the sole purpose of owning equity interests in the Company and transactions incidental thereto, and Blocker Corp has conducted no business, except for owning equity interests in the Company and entering into, and complying with its covenants and agreements under, this Agreement and transactions incidental to the foregoing.

 

(b)        Blocker Corp does not have any material liability, except for liabilities in connection with Taxes payable by Blocker Corp and liabilities incurred in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

6.10       No Additional Representations. NEITHER BLOCKER CORP NOR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES NOR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE REPRESENTATIVES IS MAKING ANY WRITTEN OR ORAL REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF ANY NATURE WHATSOEVER WITH RESPECT TO THE SELLERS, ANY MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP OR BLOCKER CORP, INCLUDING ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE ASSETS, RIGHTS, PROPERTIES OR LIABILITIES AND INCLUDING THE PHYSICAL OR ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION OF ANY PAST OR CURRENT PROPERTY OR FACILITY OF ANY OF THE FOREGOING, OR ANY OF THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED BY THIS AGREEMENT OR ANY RELATED DOCUMENT, EXCEPT, IN EACH CASE, FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE V, AND EXCEPT FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE V, THE CONDITION OF THE ASSETS, PROPERTIES AND RIGHTS OF THE MEMBERS OF THE COMPANY GROUP AND BLOCKER CORP SHALL BE “AS IS,” “WHERE IS” AND “WITH ALL FAULTS.” BLOCKER CORP DISCLAIMS ANY OTHER REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, WHETHER MADE BY BLOCKER CORP OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES OR ANY OF ITS OR ITS AFFILIATES’ RESPECTIVE REPRESENTATIVES. EXCEPT FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE VI, BLOCKER CORP HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL LIABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, PROJECTION, FORECAST, STATEMENT OR INFORMATION MADE, COMMUNICATED OR FURNISHED (ORALLY OR IN WRITING, IN THE CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION MEMORANDUM OR OTHERWISE) TO LEO OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES OR REPRESENTATIVES (INCLUDING ANY OPINION, INFORMATION, PROJECTION OR

 

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ADVICE THAT MAY HAVE BEEN OR MAY BE PROVIDED TO LEO BY ANY REPRESENTATIVE OF BLOCKER CORP, ANY MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES). NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT TO THE CONTRARY, BLOCKER CORP DOES NOT MAKE ANY REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES TO LEO REGARDING ANY PROJECTIONS OR THE FUTURE OR PROBABLE PROFITABILITY, SUCCESS, BUSINESS, OPPORTUNITIES, RELATIONSHIPS AND OPERATIONS OF THE COMPANY AND/OR ANY OTHER MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP OR BLOCKER CORP.

 

Article VII

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF LEO

 

Except as set forth in the Leo Disclosure Schedules, Leo represents and warrants to each Seller, the Company and Blocker Corp as follows (it being understood that each representation and warranty contained in this Article VII is qualified by the disclosures in Leo’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 (the Leo Form 10-K) (including by incorporation therein, each of the exhibits as listed in Item 15 (Exhibits, Financial Statements Schedules) therein, but other than any disclosures in the “Risk Factors,” “Forward-Looking Statements” or “Qualitative or Quantitative Disclosure About Market Risks” sections of the Leo Form 10-K or other forward-looking statements or disclosures to the extent they are cautionary, predictive or forward-looking in nature) or a Form 8-K of Leo filed with the SEC since November 29, 2017, and prior to the date hereof; provided that it is understood that any matter disclosed in a Leo Form 10-K will not be deemed to be disclosed for purposes of, or to modify or qualify, Sections 7.1, Section 7.2 (other than Section 7.2(d)), Section 7.3, Section 7.4, Section 7.16 and Section 7.19):

 

7.1         Standing; Qualification and Power of Leo.

 

(a)        Leo is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing (or has the equivalent status) under the Laws of the jurisdiction of its organization, with all power and authority necessary to own, lease or operate the properties and assets owned, leased or operated by it and to carry on its business as currently conducted, except where the failure to be so validly existing and in good standing (in such jurisdictions where such status is recognized) or to have such power or authority would not have a Material Adverse Effect on Leo or prevent or materially impair or materially delay Leo’s ability to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

(b)        Leo is duly qualified or licensed to do business in each jurisdiction in which ownership of its property or assets or the conduct of its business requires such qualification or license, except where the failure to be so qualified or licensed would not have a Material Adverse Effect on Leo.

 

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7.2         Capitalization of Leo.

 

(a)        As of the date hereof and without taking into effect the PIPE Investment and the Domestication, the authorized capital stock of Leo consists of (i) 200,000,000 Class A ordinary shares, par value $0.0001 per share (Class A Ordinary Shares), (ii) 20,000,000 shares of Class B ordinary shares, par value $0.0001 per share (Class B Ordinary Shares), and (iii) 1,000,000 preference shares, par value $0.0001 per share. Section 7.2(a) of the Leo Disclosure Schedules sets forth, as of the date hereof, the record holders of more than 5% of the outstanding shares of Leo (without taking into effect the PIPE Investment and the Domestication). All issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of Leo have been duly authorized and validly issued, are fully paid and nonassessable under applicable Law and were not issued in violation of any preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or similar rights. Immediately following the Closing, assuming no shares of Leo Common Stock are redeemed in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and disregarding the Equity Consideration, the issued and outstanding capital stock of the Surviving Company will consist solely of 32,812,807 shares of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock.

 

(b)        As of the date hereof, Leo has issued 14,000,000 warrants that entitle the holder thereof to purchase one (1) Class A Ordinary Share at an exercise price of $11.50 per share (the Leo Warrants) on the terms and conditions set forth in the applicable warrant agreement. Immediately following the Closing, Leo will have 14,000,000 Leo Warrants issued and outstanding, of which 2,000,000 shall be issued to Sponsor and 2,000,000 shall be issued to the Sellers. As of the close of business on the Business Day immediately prior to the date hereof, Leo has 19,312,807 Class A Ordinary Shares issued and outstanding, 5,000,000 Class B Ordinary Shares issued and outstanding (4,910,000 of which are owned by Sponsor and 90,000 of which are owned by the Leo Independent Directors) and no preference shares issued or outstanding (without taking into effect the Surrendered Shares, Surrendered Warrants, the PIPE Investment and the Domestication). As of the date of this Agreement, Sponsor and the Leo Independent Directors do not own any equity interests of Leo, other than 5,000,000 Class B Ordinary Shares and 4,000,000 Leo Warrants, and as of immediately following the Closing, Sponsor and the Leo Independent Directors shall not own any equity interests of Leo, other than 3,500,000 shares of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock, and 2,000,000 Leo Warrants.

 

(c)        Except for the Leo Warrants, as of the date of this Agreement, there are no outstanding (i) securities convertible into or exchangeable for the capital stock of Leo, (ii) options, restricted stock units, performance stock units, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, warrants, calls or other rights to purchase or subscribe for capital stock of Leo or (iii) other than the Subscription Agreements, Contracts of any kind to which Leo is subject or bound requiring the issuance after the date of this Agreement of (A) any capital stock of Leo, (B) any convertible or exchangeable security of the type referred to in clause (i) above or (C) any options, restricted stock units, performance stock units, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, warrants, calls or rights of the type referred to in clause (ii) above. No equity or equity-based compensation has been granted by Leo or any of its Affiliates to any existing or former employees or other service providers of Leo other.

 

(d)        There are no voting trusts, proxies, stockholder, partnership or other Contracts with an equityholder of Leo, investors’ rights Contracts, right of first refusal or co-sale

 

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Contract, or registration rights Contracts or other agreements or understandings to which Leo is bound with respect to voting of any shares of capital stock or any other equity interest of any member of Leo.

 

(e)        Section 7.2(e) of the Leo Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true and complete summary of the identity of any obligor and/or guarantor and the principal amount and maturity of each such instrument, as of the close of business on the date immediately preceding the date of this Agreement, of all Indebtedness of Leo.

 

(f)         The Equity Consideration, when issued in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and the Related Documents, as applicable, shall be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable, issued to the Sellers, free and clear of all Encumbrances.

 

7.3         Authority; Execution and Delivery; Enforceability. Leo has all requisite power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and each of the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party and, subject to the receipt of the Leo Shareholder Approvals, to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby and to perform all of its obligations hereunder and thereunder. Subject to the receipt of the Leo Shareholder Approvals, the execution and delivery of this Agreement have been and, in the case of the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party will be when delivered, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby has been and the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party, will be when delivered, duly authorized by all requisite action by Leo. This Agreement has been, and upon its execution and delivery each of the Related Documents to which Leo is or will be a party will be, duly and validly executed and delivered by each of Leo and, assuming this Agreement and the Related Documents have been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the other Parties or parties thereto, as applicable, this Agreement constitutes, and upon its execution and delivery each of the Related Documents to which Leo is or will be a party will constitute, a legal, valid and binding obligation of each of Leo enforceable against it in accordance with their respective terms, in each case subject to the Enforceability Exceptions.

 

7.4         No Conflict; Consents.

 

(a)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by Leo, and the consummation by each of Leo of the transactions contemplated hereby, will not (i) violate or conflict with any provision of the Leo Governing Documents, (ii) result in a violation or breach of, or constitute (with or without the giving of notice or, the lapse of time or both) a default (or give rise to any right of termination, amendment, acceleration, suspension, revocation or cancellation of obligations or any penalty or modification of any obligation) under, any material Contract to which Leo is a party or by which any of its properties or assets are bound or (iii) assuming that all Approvals have been obtained and all filings, registrations and notifications have been made, each as contemplated by Section 4.5(b), Section 5.4(b), Section 7.4(b) and/or Section 8.4(b) violate or conflict with any Law applicable to Leo or by which any of its respective properties or material assets are bound, other than, in the case of clauses (ii) and (iii) above, any such violations, breaches, defaults or rights of termination or cancellation of obligations which would not have a Material Adverse Effect on Leo.

 

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(b)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by each of Leo, and the consummation by each of Leo of the transactions contemplated hereby, will not require any waiver, authorization or other Permit of, or filing or registration with or notification to, any Governmental Authority, other than (i) compliance with all applicable Antitrust Laws, (ii) filings and Approvals required by the Securities and Exchange Commission, and (iii) such Approvals, filings, registrations or notifications which, if not made or obtained, would not have a Material Adverse Effect on Leo.

 

(c)        Leo does not own interests in any Person and is not aware of any facts or circumstances (including any possible other transaction pending or under consideration by Leo or any of its Affiliates) which (i) reasonably could be expected to prohibit or materially impair or materially delay the ability of Leo to obtain the consents, authorizations, Orders or approvals of the applicable Governmental Antitrust Authorities without any structural or conduct relief or (ii) could cause a Governmental Antitrust Authority to seek to prohibit or materially delay consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or impose a condition or conditions that would have a Material Adverse Effect on Leo and prevent or materially impair or materially delay Leo’s ability to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

7.5         Absence of Certain Changes. Since September 30, 2019, there has not been any event, change, development or effect that, individually or in the aggregate with all other events, changes, developments or effects, has had, or would reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Effect on Leo.

 

7.6         Compliance with Law; Permits.

 

(a)        Leo is, and since the Lookback Date, has been, in compliance in all material respects with all Laws applicable to Leo. Since the Lookback Date, Leo has not received written notice from any Governmental Authority alleging any material violation or violations under any applicable Law.

 

(b)        Leo has all material Permits required under applicable Laws for the operation of its business and is in material compliance with the terms of such Permits.

 

7.7         Litigation. Except with respect to any investigation under the HSR Act or applicable Antitrust Laws relating to the transactions contemplated hereby, (a) there are no Actions pending or, to the Knowledge of Leo, threatened against Leo in writing, and (b) Leo is not subject to (nor are any properties or assets of Leo bound by or subject to) any outstanding material Order.

 

7.8         Leo SEC Reports; Financial Statements.

 

(a)        Leo has filed all forms, reports, schedules, statements and other documents, including any exhibits thereto, required to be filed or furnished by Leo with the SEC under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act since Leo’s incorporation to the date of this Agreement, together with any amendments, restatements or supplements thereto (all of the foregoing filed prior to the date of this Agreement, the Leo SEC Reports), and will have filed all such forms, reports, schedules, statements and other documents required to be filed subsequent to the date of this Agreement through the Closing Date (the Additional Leo SEC

 

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Reports”). All Leo SEC Reports, any correspondence from or to the SEC or NYSE (other than such correspondence in connection with the initial public offering of Leo or the annual meeting) and all certifications and statements required by (i) Rule 13a-14 or 15d-14 under the Exchange Act, or (ii) 18 U.S.C. § 1350 (Section 906) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act with respect to any of the foregoing (collectively, the “Certifications”) are available on EDGAR in full without redaction or have otherwise been made available to the Sellers. Leo has heretofore furnished to the Sellers true and correct copies of all amendments and modifications that have not been filed by Leo with the SEC to all agreements, documents and other instruments that previously had been filed by Leo with the SEC and are currently in effect. The Leo SEC Reports were, and the Additional Leo SEC Reports will be, prepared in all material respects in accordance with the requirements of the Securities Act, the Exchange Act and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, as the case may be, and the rules and regulations thereunder. The Leo SEC Reports did not, and the Additional Leo SEC Reports will not, at the time they were or are filed, as the case may be, with the SEC contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements made therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. The Certifications are each true and correct in all material respects. Leo maintains disclosure controls and procedures required by Rule 13a-15(e) or 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. As used in this Section 7.8(a), the term “file” shall be broadly construed to include any manner in which a document or information is furnished, supplied or otherwise made available to the SEC or the NYSE. There are no unresolved comments received in writing from the SEC staff with respect to the Leo SEC Reports on or prior to the date hereof. To the Knowledge of Leo, none of the Leo SEC Reports filed on or prior to the date hereof is subject to ongoing SEC review or investigation.

 

(b)        The financial statements and notes contained or incorporated by reference in the Leo SEC Reports fairly present, and the financial statements and notes to be contained in or to be incorporated by reference in the Additional Leo SEC Reports will fairly present, in all material respects, the financial condition and the results of operations, changes in shareholders’ equity and cash flows of Leo as at the respective dates of, and for the periods referred to, in such financial statements, all in accordance with (i) GAAP and (ii) Regulation S-X or Regulation S-K, as applicable, subject, in the case of interim financial statements, to normal recurring year-end adjustments (the effect of which will not, individually or in the aggregate, be material) and the omission of notes to the extent permitted by Regulation S-X or Regulation S-K, as applicable. Leo has no off-balance sheet arrangements and no Indebtedness, obligations or liabilities of any kind (whether accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise, and whether due or to become due), which is not accrued or reserved against in the Leo SEC Reports, other than (a) liabilities or obligations otherwise specifically disclosed in this Agreement or the Leo Disclosure Schedules, and (b) liabilities and obligations arising under this Agreement and any Related Document or the performance by Leo of its obligations in accordance with the terms of this Agreement (including Section 9.1(c)) and any Related Document. No financial statements other than those of Leo are required by GAAP to be included in the consolidated financial statements of Leo.

 

7.9         Information Supplied. None of the information supplied or to be supplied by Leo for inclusion or incorporation by reference in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement will, at the date the Form S-4 is filed or declared effective, the Proxy Statement is first mailed to Leo’s shareholders or at the time of the Leo Shareholders Meeting, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order

 

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to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they are made, not misleading. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Leo makes no representation, warranty or covenant with respect to (a) statements made or incorporated by reference therein based on information supplied by the Sellers, the Company, Blocker Corp or Sponsor for inclusion or incorporation by reference in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement or (b) any projections or forecasts included in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement.

 

7.10       NYSE Stock Market Quotation. The issued and outstanding Class A Ordinary Shares are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act and are listed for trading on the NYSE under the symbol “LHC.” The issued and outstanding Leo Warrants are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act and are listed for trading on the NYSE under the symbol “LHC WS.” Leo is in compliance with the rules of the NYSE and there is no action or proceeding pending or, to the Knowledge of Leo, threatened against Leo by the NYSE or the SEC with respect to any intention by such entity to deregister the Leo Common Stock or Leo Warrants or terminate the listing of Leo on the NYSE. None of Leo or any of its Affiliates has taken any action in an attempt to terminate the registration of the Leo Common Stock or the Leo Warrants under the Exchange Act.

 

7.11       Board Approval; Stockholder Vote. The board of directors of Leo (including any required committee or subgroup of the board of directors of Leo) has, as of the date of this Agreement, unanimously (a) approved and declared the advisability of this Agreement, the Related Documents and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby, including the Domestication, (b) determined that the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby is in the best interest of the shareholders of Leo and (c) resolved and agreed to recommend to the shareholders of Leo that they vote in favor of the approval and adoption of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, including the Domestication and the other Leo Shareholder Approvals, in each case on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement. Other than the Leo Shareholder Approvals, no other further corporate proceedings on the part of Leo are necessary to approve the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

7.12       Leo Material Contracts. Leo has filed as an exhibit to a Leo SEC Report each “material contract” (as such term is defined in Regulation S-K) to which Leo is a Party and each Contract or other relevant documentation (including any amendments or modifications thereto) with respect to any Sponsor Related Party Transaction (collectively, the Leo Material Contracts). Each Leo Material Contract is, subject to the Enforceability Exceptions, a valid and binding agreement of Leo in all material respects and, to the Knowledge of Leo, each other party thereto in all material respects. As of the date of this Agreement, neither Leo nor, to the Knowledge of Leo, any other party thereto, is in or has received written notice of any material breach or material default under any such Leo Material Contract.

 

7.13       Investment Company Act. Leo is not an “investment company” or a Person directly or indirectly “controlled” by or acting on behalf of an “investment company,” in each case within the meaning of the Investment Company Act. Leo constitutes an “emerging growth company” within the meaning of the JOBS Act.

 

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7.14       Trust Account.

 

(a)        As of the date hereof, Leo has at least $200,000,000 in the account established by Leo for the benefit of its public shareholders (the Trust Account), with such funds invested in United States Government securities or money market funds meeting certain conditions under Rule 2a-7 promulgated under the Investment Company Act and held in trust by Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company (the Trustee) pursuant to the Investment Management Trust Agreement, dated as of February 15, 2018, by and between Leo and the Trustee (the Trust Agreement). Other than pursuant to the Trust Agreement and the Subscription Agreements, the obligations of Leo under this Agreement are not subject to any conditions regarding Leo’s, its Affiliates’ or any other Person’s ability to obtain financing for the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

(b)        The Trust Agreement has not been amended or modified, is valid and in full force and effect and is enforceable in accordance with its terms, except as limited by the Enforceability Exceptions. Leo has performed all material obligations required to be performed by it under, and is not in material default or delinquent in performance or any other respect (claimed or actual) in connection with, the Trust Agreement, and no event has occurred which, with due notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute a material default thereunder by Leo or, to the Knowledge of Leo, the Trustee. There are no separate agreements, side letters or other agreements or understandings (whether written or unwritten, express or implied) (i) between Leo and the Trustee that would cause the description of the Trust Agreement in the Leo SEC Reports to be inaccurate in any material respect or (ii) to the Knowledge of Leo, that would entitle any Person (other than (1) shareholders of Leo holding Class A Ordinary Shares sold in Leo’s initial public offering who shall have elected to redeem their Class A Ordinary Shares pursuant to the Leo Governing Documents and (2) the IPO Underwriter for the IPO Underwriter Fees) to any portion of the proceeds in the Trust Account. Prior to the Closing, none of the funds held in the Trust Account may be released except (A) to pay income taxes from any interest income earned in the Trust Account and (B) to redeem Class A Ordinary Shares in accordance with the provisions of the Leo Governing Documents. There are no Actions pending or, to the Knowledge of Leo, threatened with respect to the Trust Account.

 

7.15       Employee Benefit Plans. Leo has never had any employees, and other than reimbursement of any out-of-pocket expenses incurred by Leo’s officers and directors in connection with activities on Leo’s behalf in an aggregate amount not in excess of the amount of cash held by Leo outside of the Trust Account, Leo does not have any unsatisfied material liability with respect to any employee thereof. Leo does not maintain or have any direct or indirect liability under any employee benefit plan.

 

7.16       Assets; Title to Assets. Other than this Agreement, general working capital and the Trust Agreement and the applicable rights and interests in and to the Trust Account as set forth therein, Leo does not own any assets. Subject to the restrictions on use of the Trust Account set forth in the Trust Agreement, Leo owns good and marketable title to, or holds a valid leasehold interest in, or a valid license to use, all of the assets used by Leo in the operation of its business and which are material to Leo, in each case, free and clear of any Encumbrances (other than Permitted Encumbrances).

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7.17       Securities Laws Matters. Leo acknowledges that the Outstanding Company Units and the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares being acquired pursuant to this Agreement and the Related Documents have not been registered under the Securities Act or under any state or foreign securities Laws. Leo is acquiring the Outstanding Company Units and the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares for its own account solely for investment purposes and not with a view to any public resale or other distribution thereof, except in compliance with applicable securities Laws. Leo acknowledges that the Outstanding Company Units and the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares will not be registered under the Securities Act or any applicable state or foreign securities Laws and that the Outstanding Company Units and the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares may not be transferred or sold except pursuant to the registration provisions of the Securities Act or applicable foreign securities Laws or pursuant to an applicable exemption therefrom and pursuant to state or foreign securities Laws, as applicable. Leo has sufficient knowledge and experience in financial and business matters so as to be capable of evaluating the merits and risks of its investment in the Outstanding Company Units and the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares and is capable of bearing the economic risks of such investment. Leo is an “accredited investor” as defined in Rule 501(a) of Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act.

 

7.18       Leo’s Business Investigation; Disclaimer Regarding Projections; No Knowledge of Misrepresentation.

 

(a)        Leo has conducted such investigations of the Company Group and the Business as it has deemed necessary in order to make an informed decision concerning the transactions contemplated hereby. For the purpose of conducting these investigations, Leo has employed the services of its own Representatives. In all matters affecting the condition of the properties, assets, rights, liabilities of the Company Group and Blocker Corp and the contents of the documents, records, reports or other materials made available or provided to Leo in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, and in making its decision to enter into this Agreement and the Related Documents and consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, Leo is relying solely upon the advice and opinion offered by its own Representatives and the representations and warranties set forth in Article IV, Article V and Article VI or in any Related Document. Without limiting the foregoing, Leo disclaims reliance on any representations and warranties except as expressly set forth in Article IV, Article V and Article VI or in any Related Document. Except as set forth herein, neither the Company, the Seller nor any of their respective Related Parties shall have or be subject to any liability to Leo or any other Person resulting from the distribution to Leo, or Leo’s use of, any such information, including any information, documents or material made available to the other Parties and their Representatives in the electronic data room maintained on Intralinks.com entitled Project Denali (the Data Room), confidential information memorandum, management presentation or in any other form in expectation of the transactions contemplated hereby. Leo has reviewed all of the documents, records, reports and other materials made available in the Data Room prior to 5:30 p.m. New York City time, on April 22, 2020.

 

(b)        Except as and to the limited extent expressly set forth in Article IV, Article V and Article VI or in any Related Document, Leo acknowledges and agrees that no member of the Company Group, nor the Sellers, Blocker Corp nor any other Person is making or has made, and that none of them shall have liability in respect of, any written or oral

 

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representation or warranty, express or implied, of any nature whatsoever, with respect to the Outstanding Company Units and the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares or any member of the Company Group, or any of their respective assets, rights or properties, including as to (i) merchantability or fitness for any particular use or purpose, (ii) the operation of the Company Group’s business by the Surviving Company after the Closing in any manner or (iii) the probable success or profitability of the Business after the Closing, and Leo specifically disclaims that it is relying on or has relied on any such representation or warranty as an inducement to enter into this Agreement or otherwise.

 

(c)        In connection with Leo’s investigation of the Outstanding Company Units and the Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares, the Company Group and the Business, Leo has received from the Company and/or its Affiliates and their respective Representatives certain projections and other forecasts, including projected financial statements, cash flow items, certain business plan information and other data related to the Company Group and/or such Business. Leo acknowledges that (i) there are uncertainties inherent in attempting to make such projections, forecasts and plans and, accordingly, is not relying on them, (ii) Leo is familiar with such uncertainties and is taking full responsibility for making its own evaluation of the adequacy and accuracy of all projections, forecasts and plans so furnished to it and (iii) Leo shall have no claim against anyone with respect to any of the foregoing, except with respect to claims of Fraud. Accordingly, Leo acknowledges that neither the Sellers, the Company nor any of their respective Affiliates nor any of its or their respective Related Parties has made any representation or warranty with respect to such projections or other forecasts or plans.

 

7.19       Solvency. Leo is not entering into this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby with the actual intent to hinder, delay or defraud either present or future creditors. Each of Leo, the Surviving Company and each member of the Company Group shall be Solvent following the Closing, immediately after giving effect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the PIPE Investment, assuming (a) the accuracy of the representations and warranties in Article IV, Article V and Article VI, (b) the performance by the Company, Blocker Corp and Sellers of their respective obligations under this Agreement and the other Related Documents and (c) that the Company Group and Blocker Corp are Solvent immediately prior to the Closing.

 

7.20       Brokers’ and Finders’ Fees. Other than any Person to which Leo Transaction Costs are payable, Leo has not employed, nor is Leo subject to, any valid claim of liability or obligation to, any broker, finder, consultant, investment banker or other intermediary in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement who might be entitled to any fee or commission in connection therewith.

 

7.21       Taxes.

 

(a)        All material Tax Returns required to be filed by or on behalf of Leo have been duly and timely filed with the appropriate Tax Authority (after giving effect to any valid extensions of time in which to make such filings), and all such Tax Returns were true, correct and complete in all material respects when filed.

 

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(b)        All material amounts of Taxes due and payable by Leo have been fully and timely paid.

 

(c)        Leo has not waived any statute of limitations in respect of material Taxes or agreed to any extension of time with respect to any material Tax assessment or deficiency.

 

(d)        Leo has complied in all material respects with all applicable Laws relating to the collection or withholding of material Taxes (including withholding of Taxes pursuant to Sections 1441, 1442, 1445, 1446, 3102 and 3402 of the Code or similar provisions under any state or non-U.S. Laws) and has duly and timely withheld and paid over to the appropriate Tax Authorities any and all material amounts required to be so withheld and paid over on or prior to the due date thereof under all applicable Laws.

 

(e)        Leo (i) has not been a member of a combined, consolidated, affiliated or unitary group for Tax filing purposes (other than a group the common parent of which was Leo) and (ii) does not have any liability for material Taxes of any other Person under Treasury Regulations 1.1502-6 (or any corresponding or similar provision of state, local or non-U.S. Law), as a transferee or successor, by contract or otherwise.

 

(f)         Leo is not a party to any Tax allocation or sharing agreement (other than a commercial agreement entered into in the ordinary course of business that does not primarily relate to Taxes).

 

(g)        No claim has been made in writing by any Tax Authority in a jurisdiction in which Leo does not file Tax Returns or pay Taxes that Leo is or may be subject to taxation by that jurisdiction or required to file Tax Returns in that jurisdiction.

 

(h)        No audit, examination, investigation, dispute or other proceeding by any Tax Authority with respect to material Taxes owed by Leo is pending and no Tax Authority has given written notice of any intention to commence such an audit, examination, investigation, dispute or other proceeding or assert any deficiency or claim for material additional Taxes against Leo, nor has any such deficiency or claim for material additional Taxes been proposed or assessed in writing, which deficiency or claim has not been settled.

 

(i)         Leo has not engaged in any “listed transaction” as defined in Treasury Regulations Section 1.6011-4(b)(2).

 

(j)         Leo is not and has not been a “United States real property holding corporation” within the meaning of Section 897(c)(2) of the Code during the applicable period specified in Section 897(c)(1)(A)(ii) of the Code.

 

(k)        In the two (2) years prior to the date of this Agreement, Leo has not entered into any “closing agreement” as described in Section 7121 of the Code (or any corresponding or similar provision of state, local or non-U.S. income Tax Law).

 

(l)         There are no material Encumbrances for Taxes upon any property or assets of Leo except for Permitted Encumbrances.

 

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(m)       Leo has not constituted either a “distributing corporation” or a “controlled corporation” (within the meaning of Section 355(a)(1)(A) of the Code) in a distribution qualifying (or purporting to qualify) for tax-free treatment under Section 355 of the Code in the two (2) years prior to the date of this Agreement.

 

(n)        From its formation, Leo has been classified as a corporation for all U.S. federal, and applicable state and local, income Tax purposes and will be so classified for all periods through and including the Closing Date.

 

7.22       PIPE Investments. Leo has made available to the Company and the Seller true, correct and complete copies of the Subscription Agreements. As of the date of this Agreement, the Subscription Agreements (a) are in full force and effect without amendment or modification, (b) are the valid, binding and enforceable obligations of Leo (or its applicable Affiliate) and, to the Knowledge of Leo, each other party thereto (except, in any case, as may be limited by Enforceability Exceptions) and (c) have not been withdrawn, terminated or rescinded in any respect. The PIPE Investment, together with the amount in the Trust Account at the Closing, will be in the aggregate sufficient to enable Leo to (i) pay all cash amounts required to be paid by Leo under or in connection with this Agreement and (ii) pay any and all Transaction Costs required to be paid by Leo under or in connection with this Agreement. There are no other Contracts between Leo and any PIPE Investor relating to any Subscription Agreement, that would reasonably be expected to affect the obligations of the PIPE Investors to contribute to Leo the applicable portion of the PIPE Investment set forth in the Subscription Agreements, and, to the Knowledge of Leo, no facts or circumstances exist that may reasonably be expected to result in any of the conditions set forth in any Subscription Agreement not being satisfied, or the PIPE Investment not being available to Leo, on the Closing Date. No event has occurred that, with or without notice, lapse of time or both, would constitute a default or breach on the part of Leo under any material term or condition of any Subscription Agreement and, as of the date hereof, Leo has no reason to believe that it will be unable to satisfy in all material respects on a timely basis any term or condition of Closing to be satisfied by it contained in any Subscription Agreement. The Subscription Agreements contain all of the conditions precedent (other than the conditions contained in this Agreement or the Related Documents) to the obligations of the PIPE Investors to contribute to Leo the applicable portion of the PIPE Investment set forth in the Subscription Agreements on the terms therein.

 

7.23       Related Person Transactions. Except as set forth in Section 7.23 of the Leo Disclosure Schedules, and other than the private placement of securities in connection with Leo’s initial public offering, there are no transactions or Contracts, or series of related transactions of Contracts (each, a Sponsor Related Party Transaction), between Sponsor or its Related Persons, on the one hand, and Leo, any officer, director, manager or Affiliate of Leo or, to the Knowledge of Leo, any of their respective “associates” or “immediate family” members (as such terms are defined in Rule 12b-2 and Rule 16a-1 of the Exchange Act), on the other hand, required to be disclosed by Leo in the Leo SEC Reports pursuant to Item 404 of Regulation S-K. Leo has made available to Seller true, correct and complete copies of each Contract or other relevant documentation (including any amendments or modifications thereto) available as of the date of this Agreement with respect to any Sponsor Related Party Transaction.

 

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7.24       No Additional Representations. NONE OF LEO OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES IS MAKING ANY WRITTEN OR ORAL REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF ANY NATURE WHATSOEVER, EXCEPT WITH RESPECT TO LEO OR SPONSOR, INCLUDING ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE ASSETS, RIGHTS, PROPERTIES OR LIABILITIES, OR ANY OF THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED BY THIS AGREEMENT OR ANY RELATED DOCUMENT, EXCEPT, IN EACH CASE, FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE VII. EACH OF LEO AND ITS AFFILIATES DISCLAIMS ANY OTHER REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, WHETHER MADE BY LEO OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES OR ANY OF ITS OR ITS AFFILIATES’ RESPECTIVE REPRESENTATIVES. EXCEPT FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE VII, LEO (ON BEHALF OF ITSELF AND ITS AFFILIATES) HEREBY DISCLAIM ALL LIABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, PROJECTION, FORECAST, STATEMENT OR INFORMATION MADE, COMMUNICATED OR FURNISHED (ORALLY OR IN WRITING) TO THE SELLERS, BLOCKER CORP, THE COMPANY OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES OR REPRESENTATIVES (INCLUDING ANY OPINION, INFORMATION, PROJECTION OR ADVICE THAT MAY HAVE BEEN OR MAY BE PROVIDED TO THE SELLERS, BLOCKER CORP, THE COMPANY OR ANY MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP BY ANY REPRESENTATIVE OF LEO OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES). NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT TO THE CONTRARY, NONE OF LEO OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES MAKES ANY REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES TO THE SELLERS, BLOCKER CORP, THE COMPANY OR ANY MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP REGARDING ANY PROJECTIONS OR THE FUTURE OR PROBABLE PROFITABILITY, SUCCESS, BUSINESS, OPPORTUNITIES, RELATIONSHIPS AND OPERATIONS OF SPONSOR, LEO OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES. EXCEPT FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE VII, THE CONDITION OF THE ASSETS, PROPERTIES AND RIGHTS OF LEO SHALL BE “AS IS,” “WHERE IS” AND “WITH ALL FAULTS.”

 

Article VIII

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF SPONSOR

 

Sponsor hereby represents and warrants to each Seller and the Company as follows:

 

8.1         Standing; Qualification and Power.

 

(a)        Sponsor is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing (or has the equivalent status) under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization, with all power and authority necessary to own, lease or operate the properties and assets owned, leased or operated by it and to carry on its business as currently conducted, in each case, in all material respects.

 

(b)        Sponsor is duly qualified or licensed to do business in each jurisdiction in which ownership of its property or assets or the conduct of its business requires such

 

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qualification or license, except where the failure to be so qualified or licensed would not prevent or materially impair or materially delay Sponsor’s performance of its obligations hereunder.

 

8.2         Authority; Execution and Delivery; Enforceability. Sponsor has all requisite power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and each of the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby and to perform all of its obligations hereunder and thereunder. The execution and delivery by Sponsor of this Agreement has been and, in the case of the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party, will be when delivered, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby has been and the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Related Documents to which it is or will be a party will be when delivered, duly authorized by all requisite action of Sponsor, and no other proceeding on the part of Sponsor is necessary to authorize the entry into this Agreement by Sponsor or the entry into the Related Documents to which Sponsor is or will be a party or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby. This Agreement has been, and upon its execution and delivery, each of the Related Documents to which Sponsor is or will be a party will be, duly and validly executed and delivered by Sponsor and, assuming this Agreement and the Related Documents have been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the other parties hereto or thereto, as applicable, this Agreement constitutes, and upon its execution and delivery each of the Related Documents to which Sponsor is or will be a party will constitute, a legal, valid and binding obligation of Sponsor, enforceable against it in accordance with its terms, in each case subject to the Enforceability Exceptions.

 

8.3         Brokers’ and Finders’ Fees. Other than any Person to which Leo Transaction Costs are payable, Sponsor has not employed, nor is it subject to any valid claim of liability or obligation to, any broker, finder, investment banker, consultant or other intermediary in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement who might be entitled to any fee or commission in connection therewith.

 

8.4         No Conflict; Consents.

 

(a)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by Sponsor, and the consummation by Sponsor of the transactions contemplated hereby, do not and will not, as applicable, (i) violate or conflict with any provision of the articles of incorporation or bylaws (or other comparable governing documents) of Sponsor, (ii) result in a violation or breach of, or constitute (with or without the giving of notice or, the lapse of time or both) a default (or give rise to any right of termination, amendment, acceleration, suspension, revocation or cancellation of obligations or any penalty or modification of any obligation) under, any material Contract to which Sponsor is a party or by which any of its respective properties or assets are bound, (iii) assuming that all Approvals have been obtained and all filings, registrations and notifications have been made, each as contemplated by Section 4.5(b), Section 5.4(b), Section 6.5(b), Section 7.4(b) and/or Section 8.4(b) violate or conflict with any Law applicable to Sponsor or by which any of its respective properties or assets are bound, or (iv) result in the creation of any Encumbrance (other than Permitted Encumbrances) upon the material properties or material assets of Sponsor, other than, in the case of clauses (ii) through (iv) above, any such violations, breaches, defaults or rights of termination or cancellation of obligations which would not,

 

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individually or in the aggregate, materially impair or materially delay Sponsor’s ability to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

(b)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by Sponsor, and the consummation by Sponsor of the transactions contemplated hereby, will not require any waiver, authorization or other Permit of, or filing or registration with or notification to, any Governmental Authority, other than (i) compliance with all applicable Antitrust Laws and (ii) such Approvals, filings, registrations or notifications which, if not made or obtained, would not, individually or in the aggregate, materially impair or materially delay Sponsor’s ability to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

8.5         Litigation. As of the date of this Agreement, (a) there are no Actions pending or, to the knowledge of Sponsor, threatened against Sponsor that and (b) Sponsor is not subject to (nor are any properties or assets of Sponsor bound by or subject to) any outstanding material Order.

 

8.6         Sponsor Information. The information relating to Sponsor which is provided to Leo for inclusion in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement, will not at the date the Form S-4 is filed or declared effective, the Proxy Statement is first mailed to Leo’s shareholders or at the time of the Leo Shareholders Meeting contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances in which they are made, not misleading (subject to the qualifications and limitations set forth in the materials provided by Sponsor that is included in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement). Notwithstanding the foregoing, Sponsor does not make any representation, warranty or covenant with respect to (a) statements made or incorporated by reference therein based on information supplied by Leo, the Sellers, the Company or Blocker Corp for inclusion or incorporation by reference in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement or (b) any projections or forecasts included in the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement.

 

8.7         No Additional Representations. NONE OF SPONSOR OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES IS MAKING ANY WRITTEN OR ORAL REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF ANY NATURE WHATSOEVER, WITH RESPECT TO LEO OR SPONSOR, INCLUDING ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE ASSETS, RIGHTS, PROPERTIES OR LIABILITIES, OR ANY OF THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED BY THIS AGREEMENT OR ANY RELATED DOCUMENT, EXCEPT, IN EACH CASE, FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE VIII. EACH OF SPONSOR AND ITS AFFILIATES DISCLAIMS ANY OTHER REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, WHETHER MADE BY SPONSOR OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES OR ANY OF ITS OR ITS AFFILIATES’ RESPECTIVE REPRESENTATIVES. EXCEPT FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE VIII, SPONSOR (ON BEHALF OF ITSELF AND ITS AFFILIATES) HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL LIABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, PROJECTION, FORECAST, STATEMENT OR INFORMATION MADE, COMMUNICATED OR FURNISHED (ORALLY OR IN WRITING) TO THE SELLERS, BLOCKER CORP, THE COMPANY, ANY MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES OR REPRESENTATIVES (INCLUDING ANY OPINION, INFORMATION, PROJECTION OR

 

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ADVICE THAT MAY HAVE BEEN OR MAY BE PROVIDED TO THE SELLERS, BLOCKER CORP, COMPANY OR ANY MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP BY ANY REPRESENTATIVE OF SPONSOR OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES). NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT TO THE CONTRARY, NONE OF SPONSOR OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES MAKES ANY REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES TO THE SELLERS, THE COMPANY, BLOCKER CORP OR ANY MEMBER OF THE COMPANY GROUP REGARDING ANY PROJECTIONS OR THE FUTURE OR PROBABLE PROFITABILITY, SUCCESS, BUSINESS, OPPORTUNITIES, RELATIONSHIPS AND OPERATIONS OF LEO, SPONSOR OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AFFILIATES.

 

Article IX

COVENANTS

 

9.1         Conduct of Business Prior to Closing.

 

(a)        Except (i) with the written consent of Leo (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), (ii) as set forth in Section 9.1(a) of the Company Disclosure Schedules, (iii) as otherwise expressly contemplated or permitted by the terms of this Agreement or the Related Documents or (iv) as required by any applicable Law or any Contract (in existence on the date hereof), during the Interim Period, the Company shall, and shall cause the other members of the Company Group to, conduct the Business in the ordinary course of business in all material respects and shall use commercially reasonable efforts to preserve intact their business organization and material Permits, retain its current officers and key employees, and preserve its relationships with its material customers and suppliers; provided that (1) no action expressly permitted by an exception to a subclause of Section 9.1(b) shall be deemed a failure to perform or comply with this Section 9.1(a) and (2) the failure of any member of the Company Group to take any action prohibited by Section 9.1(b) shall not be a failure to perform or comply with this Section 9.1(a).

 

(b)        Without limiting the generality of this Section 9.1(a), during the Interim Period, except (w) with the written consent of Leo (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), (x) as set forth in Section 9.1(b) of the Company Disclosure Schedules, (y) as otherwise contemplated or permitted by the terms of this Agreement or the Related Documents or (z) as required by applicable Law or any Contract in existence on the date hereof, the Company shall not, and shall not permit the other members of the Company Group, to:

 

(i)         transfer, issue, sell or dispose of any shares of capital stock or other equity interests of any member of the Company Group, grant options, restricted stock units, performance stock awards, stock appreciation rights, phantom interests, other equity-based awards, warrants, calls or other rights to purchase or repurchase, redeem or otherwise acquire, or offer to repurchase, redeem or otherwise acquire, any shares of the capital stock or other equity interests of any member of the Company Group;

 

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(ii)        effect any recapitalization, reclassification, stock split, stock combination or like change in the capitalization of the Company Group;

 

(iii)       make, set aside, declare or pay any dividend or distribution payable in cash, stock, property or otherwise with respect to any of its capital stock or other equity interest in the Company Group, other than (A) dividends and distributions by any member of the Company Group to another member of the Company Group and (B) Tax distributions in accordance with the Company LLC Agreement;

 

(iv)       (A) incur, create or assume any Indebtedness or guarantee any Indebtedness of another Person, issue or sell any debt securities (or warrants or other rights to acquire any debt securities) of any member of the Company Group (other than (1) the incurrence of Indebtedness (x) in an amount not to exceed $15,000,000 or (y) under any of the Company Group’s respective credit facilities entered into prior to the date of this Agreement, including draws on the Company Group’s revolving credit facility, and refinancings or renewals (of an equivalent or lesser principal amount except any increase in the principal amount by an amount equal to unpaid accrued interest and premium thereon plus undrawn revolving commitments under any such credit facility plus other reasonable amounts paid, and fees and expenses reasonably incurred, in connection with such refinancing or renewal) of any such credit facility on standard market terms available at such time, reasonably satisfactory to Leo; provided that, in each case, any such Indebtedness that is outstanding as of the Closing Calculation Time will be Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group) and (2) loans, advances or capital contributions made by one (1) member of the Company Group to another member of the Company Group) in excess of $250,000 individually or $500,000 in the aggregate (in each case, in excess of Indebtedness paid off after the date of this Agreement) other than Indebtedness required to be incurred under any Contract in existence on the date hereof or leases entered into in the ordinary course of business, or (B) make any loans, advances or capital contributions to, or investments in, any other Person (other than loans, advances or capital contributions made by one (1) member of the Company Group to another member of the Company Group);

 

(v)        amend the certificate of formation or operating agreement, certificate of incorporation or bylaws (or other comparable governing documents) of any member of the Company Group;

 

(vi)       grant any material Encumbrances on any material property or assets (whether tangible or intangible) of any member of the Company Group, other than Permitted Encumbrances and Encumbrances created or incurred under any of the Company Group’s respective credit facilities entered into prior to the date of this Agreement or similar Encumbrances under any other permitted Indebtedness under Section 9.1(b)(iv)(A);

 

(vii)      (A) adopt, enter into, terminate or materially amend any Benefit Plan, other than as required by applicable Law or pursuant to the terms of any Benefit Plan in effect as of the date of this Agreement, (B) recognize any union or employee representative body for purposes of collective bargaining or negotiate or enter into any collective bargaining agreement, works council agreement, labor union Contract, trade union agreement or other similar Contract or understanding with any union, works council, trade union or other labor organization other than as required by applicable Law, (C) waive any restrictive covenant

 

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obligation of any director, officer, employee or individual service provider of any member of the Company Group, or (D) pay or agree to pay to any current or former director, officer or employee, consultant, agent or individual service provider, whether past or present, any pension, retirement allowance or other employee benefit not required by any existing Benefit Plan (or any arrangement that would be a Benefit Plan if in effect as of the date hereof),

 

(viii)      (A) grant any increase in the compensation, incentives or benefits payable or to become payable to any current or former director, officer, employee or consultant of any member of the Company Group as of the date of this Agreement, other than increases in base compensation of employees pursuant to any existing employment agreement as of the date of this Agreement, (B) enter into any new, or materially amend any existing employment agreement with any current or former director, officer, employee or consultant whose base compensation would exceed, or exceeded, on an annualized basis, $300,000, (C) enter into any new, or materially amend any existing severance or termination agreement with any current or former director, officer, employee or consultant, (D) accelerate or commit to accelerate the funding, payment, or vesting of any compensation or benefits to any current or former director, officer, employee or consultant or (E) hire any natural person or terminate any current or former director, officer, employee or consultant (other than for cause) whose base compensation would exceed, on an annualized basis, $300,000;

 

(ix)       implement or announce any employee layoffs that could implicate the WARN Act;

 

(x)        except as required by changes in GAAP, change any member of the Company Group’s methods of accounting in any manner that would have a material adverse impact on the Company Group;

 

(xi)       make, change or revoke any material Tax election; file any material amendment to any income Tax Return; change any accounting method in respect of Taxes; change any annual Tax accounting period; enter into any material Tax allocation agreement, Tax sharing agreement or Tax indemnity agreement, other than commercial contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business a primary purpose of which is not related to Taxes; enter into any material closing agreement with respect to any Tax; settle or compromise any claim, notice, audit report or assessment in respect of material Taxes; apply for or enter into any material ruling from any Tax Authority with respect to Taxes; surrender any right to claim a material Tax refund; or consent to any extension or waiver of the statute of limitations period applicable to any material Tax claim or assessment;

 

(xii)      transfer, sell, lease or license to a third party, abandon, permit to lapse or expire, dedicate to the public, or otherwise dispose of, or agree to transfer, sell, lease or license to a third party, abandon, permit to lapse or expire, dedicate to public, or otherwise dispose of, any material portion of the property or assets of any member of the Company Group, other than any sale, lease or disposition in the ordinary course of business;

 

(xiii)      (A) merge, consolidate, combine or amalgamate with any Person, (B) purchase or otherwise acquire (whether by merging or consolidating with, purchasing any equity interest in or a substantial portion of the assets of, or by any other manner) any business or

 

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any corporation, partnership, association or other business organization or division thereof, or (C) purchase or otherwise acquire, or lease or license, any property or assets, other than (1) acquisitions of equipment or inventory in the ordinary course of business or (2) transactions as to which the aggregate consideration paid or payable (x) in any individual transaction is not in excess of $250,000 or (y) in the aggregate is not in excess of $500,000;

 

(xiv)     enter into any joint venture with a third party;

 

(xv)      authorize, recommend, propose or announce an intention to adopt a plan of complete or partial liquidation or dissolution;

 

(xvi)     enter into, renew, modify or revise any Contract with any Related Person of any member of the Company Group (other than Contracts among members of the Company Group) or with any former or present director or officer of any member of the Company Group or with any Affiliates of the foregoing Persons (including the Company Group) or any other Person covered under Item 404 of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act;

 

(xvii)     waive, release, assign, settle or compromise any Action pending or threatened against any member of the Company Group or any of their respective directors or officers that would materially or adversely affect the Company Group after the Closing Date;

 

(xviii)    except in the ordinary course of business, amend or modify in any manner materially adverse to any member of the Company Group any Material Contracts, other than in connection with permitted Indebtedness under Section 9.1(b)(iv)(A);

 

(xix)     except in the ordinary course of business, make or enter into any contract to make any capital expenditures in excess of $2,000,000;

 

(xx)      adopt or effect a plan of complete or partial liquidation, dissolution, restructuring, recapitalization or other reorganization, other than the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement; or

 

(xxi)     authorize, or commit or agree to take, any of the foregoing actions.

 

(c)         During the Interim Period, except (w) with the written consent of the Seller Representatives (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), (x) as set forth in Section 9.1(c) of the Leo Disclosure Schedules, (y) as otherwise contemplated or permitted by the terms of this Agreement or the Related Documents, including, for the avoidance of doubt, the PIPE Investments, the Domestication and the transactions contemplated under the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement (including the waiver of the Class B Share Conversion Rights) or (z) as required by applicable Law or any Contract, Leo shall not, and shall not permit any Subsidiary to:

 

(i)         form any Subsidiary;

 

(ii)        issue any shares of capital stock or other equity interests or grant options, restricted stock units, performance stock awards, stock appreciation rights, phantom interests, other equity based awards, warrants, calls or other rights to purchase or repurchase,

 

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redeem or otherwise acquire, or offer to repurchase, redeem or otherwise acquire, any shares of the capital stock or other equity interests of Leo, other than (A) the PIPE Investments, including the issuance of additional shares of Leo to third-party investors pursuant to additional agreements substantially in form to the Subscription Agreements solely for the purpose of satisfying, and to the extent necessary to satisfy, the condition set forth in Section 10.3(d), (B) and the transactions contemplated under the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement (including the waiver of the Class B Share Conversion Rights);

 

(iii)       effect any recapitalization, reclassification, stock split, stock combination or like change in the capitalization of Leo or any Subsidiary, other than as required pursuant to the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement and the Domestication;

 

(iv)       make, set aside, declare or pay any dividend or distribution payable in cash, stock, property or otherwise with respect to any of its capital stock;

 

(v)        incur, create or assume any Indebtedness or guarantee any Indebtedness of another Person, issue or sell any debt securities (or warrants or other rights to acquire any debt securities)

 

(vi)       make any loans, advances or capital contributions to, or investments in, any other Person;

 

(vii)      amend the Leo Governing Documents, other than the Surviving Company Certificate of Incorporation and the Surviving Company Bylaws;

 

(viii)      grant any material Encumbrances on any property or assets (whether tangible or intangible) of Leo;

 

(ix)       (A) adopt, enter into, terminate or amend any Benefit Plan other than as required by applicable Law or pursuant to the terms of any Benefit Plan in effect as of the date of this Agreement or (B) increase the compensation of any Person who is a director or officer of Leo;

 

(x)        except as required by changes in GAAP, change any of its methods of accounting in any manner;

 

(xi)       make, change or revoke any material Tax election; file any material amendment to any income Tax Return; change any accounting method in respect of Taxes; change any annual Tax accounting period; enter into any material Tax allocation agreement, Tax sharing agreement or Tax indemnity agreement, other than commercial contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business a primary purpose of which is not related to Taxes; enter into any material closing agreement with respect to any Tax; settle or compromise any claim, notice, audit report or assessment in respect of material Taxes; apply for or enter into any material ruling from any Tax Authority with respect to Taxes; surrender any right to claim a material Tax refund; or consent to any extension or waiver of the statute of limitations period applicable to any material Tax claim or assessment;

 

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(xii)      purchase or otherwise acquire (whether by merger or otherwise), or lease or license, any property or assets;

 

(xiii)      enter into any joint venture with a third party;

 

(xiv)     except as is reasonably necessary to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby, enter into, renew, modify or revise any Contract;

 

(xv)      enter into, renew, modify or revise any Contract with any Related Person of Leo or with any former or present director or officer of Leo or with any Affiliates of the foregoing Persons or any other Person covered under Item 404 of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act;

 

(xvi)     waive, release, assign, settle or compromise any Action pending or threatened against Leo or any of their respective directors or officers that would materially and adversely affect Leo after the Closing Date;

 

(xvii)     adopt or effect a plan of complete or partial liquidation, dissolution, restructuring, recapitalization or other reorganization, other than the transactions contemplated by this Agreement; or

 

(xviii)    authorize, or commit or agree to take, any of the foregoing actions.

 

(d)        During the Interim Period, except (w) with the written consent of Leo (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), (x) as set forth in Section 9.1(d) of the Company Disclosure Schedules, (y) as otherwise contemplated or permitted by the terms of this Agreement or the Related Documents or (z) as required by applicable Law or any Contract, Blocker Corp shall not, and shall not permit any Subsidiary, if any, to:

 

(i)         form any Subsidiary;

 

(ii)        issue any shares of capital stock or other equity interests or grant options, restricted stock units, performance stock awards, stock appreciation rights, phantom interests, other equity based awards, warrants, calls or other rights to purchase or repurchase, redeem or otherwise acquire, or offer to repurchase, redeem or otherwise acquire, any shares of the capital stock or other equity interests of Blocker Corp;

 

(iii)       effect any recapitalization, reclassification, stock split, stock combination or like change in the capitalization of Blocker Corp or any of its Subsidiary;

 

(iv)       make, set aside, declare or pay any dividend or distribution payable in cash, stock, property or otherwise with respect to any of its capital stock, other than any cash dividend payable in full prior to the Closing;

 

(v)        incur, create or assume any Indebtedness or guarantee any Indebtedness of another Person, issue or sell any debt securities (or warrants or other rights to acquire any debt securities)

 

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(vi)       make any loans, advances or capital contributions to, or investments in, any other Person;

 

(vii)      amend the certificate of incorporation or bylaws (or other comparable governing documents) of Blocker Corp;

 

(viii)      grant any material Encumbrances on any property or assets (whether tangible or intangible) of Blocker Corp;

 

(ix)       (A) adopt, enter into, terminate or amend any Benefit Plan other than as required by applicable Law or pursuant to the terms of any Benefit Plan in effect as of the date of this Agreement or (B) increase the compensation of any Person who is a director or officer of Blocker Corp, if any;

 

(x)        except as required by changes in GAAP, change any of its methods of accounting in any manner;

 

(xi)       make, change or revoke any material Tax election; file any material amendment to any income Tax Return; change any accounting method in respect of Taxes; change any annual Tax accounting period; enter into any material Tax allocation agreement, Tax sharing agreement or Tax indemnity agreement, other than commercial contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business a primary purpose of which is not related to Taxes; enter into any material closing agreement with respect to any Tax; settle or compromise any claim, notice, audit report or assessment in respect of material Taxes; apply for or enter into any material ruling from any Tax Authority with respect to Taxes; surrender any right to claim a material Tax refund; or consent to any extension or waiver of the statute of limitations period applicable to any material Tax claim or assessment;

 

(xii)      purchase or otherwise acquire (whether by merger or otherwise), or lease or license, any property or assets;

 

(xiii)      enter into any joint venture with a third party;

 

(xiv)     except as is reasonably necessary to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby, enter into, renew, modify or revise any Contract;

 

(xv)      enter into any transactions with any of its Affiliates;

 

(xvi)     waive, release, assign, settle or compromise any Action pending or threatened against Blocker Corp or any of its directors or officers other than in the case of Actions or claims either (A) for an amount not greater than $350,000 individually (including any single or aggregated claims arising out of the same or similar facts, events or circumstances) or $500,000 in the aggregate (determined in each case net of insurance proceeds) or (B) if the loss resulting from such waiver, release, assignment settlement or compromise is reimbursed to Blocker Corp by an insurance policy, in each case without the imposition of equitable relief on, or the admission of wrongdoing by Blocker Corp or any of its officers or directors;

 

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(xvii)     adopt or effect a plan of complete or partial liquidation, dissolution, restructuring, recapitalization or other reorganization, other than the transactions contemplated by this Agreement; or

 

(xviii)    authorize, or commit or agree to take, any of the foregoing actions.

 

9.2         Access to Information. During the Interim Period, the Company and Blocker Corp shall, and shall cause the members of the Company Group to, afford to the other Parties and their respective Representatives reasonable access, upon reasonable advance notice, during normal business hours to all the senior management, properties, books, Contracts, commitments, Tax Returns and records of the Company Group and Blocker Corp and, during such period, shall furnish as promptly as practicable to the other Parties any information concerning the Company Group and Blocker Corp as the other Parties may reasonably request; provided, however, that (a) such access or furnishing of information shall be conducted during normal business hours, under the supervision of the Company’s or Blocker Corp’s, as applicable, personnel, and in such a manner as to not unreasonably disrupt the normal operations of the Company Group or Blocker Corp, as applicable, (b) neither the Company nor any member of the Company Group nor Blocker Corp is under any obligation to disclose to the other Parties or their respective Representatives any information the disclosure of which is restricted by a Contract in effect as of the date of this Agreement or applicable Law or would result in the waiver of any attorney-client, work product or other applicable privilege and (c) neither Leo nor its Representatives shall conduct any invasive or subsurface environmental sampling or analysis with respect to any real property owned, used or occupied by any member of the Company Group or Blocker Corp, including of the nature commonly referred to as a “Phase II Environmental Assessment”; provided, further, that the Company or Blocker Corp may designate certain portions of such information as being provided on an outside-counsel basis only. All information concerning the Company provided to Leo or any of its Representatives pursuant to this Section 9.2 shall be considered “Evaluation Material” (as defined in the Confidentiality Agreement and subject to the second paragraph of Section 1 therein) and shall be subject to the terms and conditions of the Confidentiality Agreement and Section 9.3(a).

 

9.3         Confidentiality.

 

(a)        Leo acknowledges that the information concerning the Company being provided to it or any of its Affiliates or any of its or its Affiliates’ Representatives in connection with the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby, including any information provided under Section 9.2, is being provided as “Evaluation Material” (as defined in the Confidentiality Agreement and subject to the second paragraph of Section 1 therein) subject to the terms of a confidentiality agreement dated as of November 18, 2019, between Lion Capital LLP and the Company (the Confidentiality Agreement). Leo acknowledges that it is, and shall remain (unless the Closing occurs), subject to the terms of the Confidentiality Agreement, which are incorporated herein by reference, as if Leo was Lion Capital LLP thereunder. If this Agreement is, for any reason, terminated prior to the Closing, the Confidentiality Agreement shall continue in full force and effect in accordance with its terms.

 

(b)        Effective upon, and only upon, the Closing, the confidentiality obligations under the Confidentiality Agreement shall terminate, except with respect to the provisions

 

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regarding disclosure and use of confidential information not related to the Company Group or the Business, which shall continue in accordance with the terms of the Confidentiality Agreement.

 

9.4         Efforts to Consummate; Consents and Filings.

 

(a)        Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, each of the Parties and their respective Affiliates shall use all reasonable best efforts to take, or cause to be taken, all appropriate action to do, or cause to be done, all things necessary, proper or advisable under applicable Law or otherwise to consummate and make effective the transactions contemplated by this Agreement as promptly as practicable, including to (i) obtain from any Governmental Authority with regulatory jurisdiction over enforcement of any applicable Antitrust Laws (Governmental Antitrust Authority) all Approvals as are necessary for the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and (ii) promptly (and, with respect to the HSR Act, in no event later than ten (10) Business Days after the date hereof) make all necessary filings (and, if required under applicable Law, drafts thereof), and thereafter make any other required submissions, with respect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement required under the HSR Act or any other applicable Antitrust Law.

 

(b)        Without limiting the generality of the Parties’ undertaking pursuant to Section 9.4(a), each Party agrees to use its reasonable best efforts and to take any and all steps necessary to avoid or eliminate each and every impediment under any Antitrust Law that may be asserted by any Governmental Antitrust Authority or any other Party so as to enable the Parties to expeditiously close the transactions contemplated by this Agreement no later than the Outside Date. Each Party shall use reasonable best efforts to resolve such objections, if any, as may be asserted by any Governmental Antitrust Authority with respect to the transactions contemplated hereby. In connection therewith, if any Action is instituted (or threatened to be instituted) challenging such transactions, and if, by mutual agreement, the Parties decide that litigation is in their best interests, each Party shall cooperate and use reasonable best efforts vigorously to contest and resist any such action or proceeding and to have vacated, lifted, reversed, or overturned any Order that is in effect and that prohibits, prevents, or restricts consummation of such transactions. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no Party or any of its Affiliates shall be required to (i) divest or hold separate, or enter into any licensing or similar arrangement with respect to, any assets or any portion of the business of any Party or to otherwise propose, proffer or agree to any other requirement, obligation, condition or restriction on the conduct of the business of any Party, or (ii) to litigate any suit, claim, action, investigation or proceeding challenging or seeking to restrain or prohibit the consummation of the transaction.

 

(c)        Each of the Parties shall promptly notify the other Parties of any substantive communication it or any of its Affiliates receives from any Governmental Antitrust Authority and of any substantive communication received or given in connection with any proceeding by a private party relating to the matters that are the subject of this Agreement, and consult each other Party prior to any substantive communication with any Governmental Antitrust Authority to permit the other Parties to review in advance any proposed communication by such Party to any Governmental Antitrust Authority. No Party shall agree to participate in any substantive meeting with any Governmental Antitrust Authority in respect of any filings, investigation or other inquiry (including in connection with any proceeding by a private party) unless it consults with the other Parties in advance and, to the extent permitted by such

 

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Governmental Antitrust Authority, gives the other Parties the opportunity to attend and participate at such meeting. Subject to the Confidentiality Agreement, the Parties will coordinate and cooperate fully with each other in exchanging such information and providing such assistance as the other Parties may reasonably request in connection with the foregoing and in seeking early termination of any applicable waiting periods, including under the HSR Act. Subject to the Confidentiality Agreement, the Parties will provide each other with copies of all correspondence, filings (except for Item 4(c) and 4(d) documents and filings pursuant to the HSR Act) or communications between them or any of their Representatives, on the one hand, and any Governmental Antitrust Authority or members of its staff, on the other hand, with respect to this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

(d)        During the Interim Period, except with the prior written consent of the Company or Leo, as applicable, neither Leo nor its Affiliates or the Company or its Affiliates shall do anything, including entering into any transaction (or making any antitrust or competition law filing in connection with such transaction), that could reasonably be expected to prevent or delay any filings or Approvals required under the HSR Act or other applicable Antitrust Laws.

 

9.5         Expenses; Transfer Taxes.

 

(a)        All costs and expenses incurred in connection with this Agreement and the Related Documents and the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby shall be paid (i) in the case of the Company, the Seller Representatives and the Sellers and any costs and expenses related to the Refinancing under Section 9.27 (the “Refinancing Costs”), by the Company and (ii) in the case of Leo, by Leo; provided, however, that, in the event that the Closing is consummated, at the Closing, Leo shall pay the Refinancing Costs, all costs and expenses set forth on Exhibit K under the heading Leo Transaction Costs incurred by Leo in connection with this Agreement, the Related Documents or the transactions contemplated hereby (the Leo Transaction Costs) (provided that any costs and expenses incurred by Leo (other than the Leo Legal Expenses and IPO Underwriter Fees) in connection with or related to the IPO or the Prior Proposed Business Combinations (Excluded Leo Costs) shall not be considered Leo Transaction Costs) and under the heading Seller Transaction Costs incurred by any Seller or the Company in connection with this Agreement, the Related Documents or the transactions contemplated hereby (the “Seller Transaction Costs“ and, together with the Leo Transaction Costs and Refinancing Costs, the Transaction Costs), other than Previously Paid Seller Transaction Costs; provided, further, however, that (i) Leo’s aggregate payment of Transaction Costs under this Section 9.5(a) shall not exceed an amount equal to the difference of the Transaction Costs Cap, minus the amount of Previously Paid Seller Transaction Costs, (ii) the Surviving Company shall be solely responsible for paying or otherwise satisfying any Transaction Costs in excess of the Transaction Costs Cap and (iii) Sponsor shall be solely responsible for paying or otherwise satisfying any Excluded Leo Costs.

 

(b)        All transfer, documentary, sales, use, registration, value-added and other similar Taxes (including all applicable real estate transfer Taxes and real property transfer gains Taxes and including any filing and recording fees) incurred by the Company (or any of its Subsidiaries), Blocker Corp or Leo in connection with this Agreement, the Related Documents, and the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby (Transfer Taxes) shall be borne by Leo or the Surviving Company, as applicable (including any Transfer Taxes incurred in connection

 

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with the Domestication and the transactions contemplated by the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement, which shall also be paid by Leo or the Surviving Company, as applicable). Leo shall file, or cause to be filed, all Tax Returns required to be filed in connection with any such Transfer Taxes. Each Party shall use commercially reasonable efforts to avail itself of any available exemptions from any such Transfer Taxes, and to cooperate with the other Parties in providing any information and documentation that may be necessary to obtain such exemptions.

 

9.6         Tax Matters.

 

(a)        Tax Returns. Leo shall control the preparation and filing of all Tax Returns of Blocker Corp that are due after the Closing Date. Any such Tax Return that relates to a Pre-Closing Tax Period shall be prepared in a manner consistent with past practice (unless otherwise required by a change in applicable Law or otherwise contemplated by this Agreement). Leo shall submit any such Tax Return for a Pre-Closing Tax Period to the Blocker Sellers at least thirty (30) days prior to the due date (including extensions) of such Tax Return for the Blocker Sellers’ review and comment, and shall include any reasonable comments provided by the Blocker Sellers in the Tax Return filed. Leo and the Company shall prepare and file all income Tax Returns consistent with, and shall not take any income Tax reporting position inconsistent with, the Tax Treatment of the Transactions for U.S. federal, state and other relevant income Tax purposes, unless otherwise required pursuant to a “determination” within the meaning of Section 1313(a) of the Code.

 

(b)        Cooperation. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Parties shall provide to the other Parties and their Representatives such cooperation, documentation and information as either of them may reasonably request in connection with (a) filing any Tax Return, amending any Tax Return or filing any claim for refund, (b) determining a liability for Taxes or a right to a refund of Taxes or (c) preparing for, assisting with, or conducting any Tax proceeding. Such cooperation and information shall include, to the extent reasonable, providing copies of relevant portions of Tax Returns, together with relevant portions of relevant accompanying schedules, relevant documents relating to rulings or other determinations by Tax Authorities, and relevant records concerning the ownership and Tax basis of property and other relevant information, which any such Party may possess. Each Party agrees, upon request, to use reasonable efforts to obtain any certificate or other document from any Tax Authority as may be necessary to mitigate, reduce or eliminate any Tax that could be imposed (including related to the transactions contemplated hereunder).

 

(c)        Cash Consideration Allocation. Within ninety (90) days following the Closing, Leo shall prepare or cause to be prepared an allocation of the Cash Consideration in respect of Prism and the Clairvest Direct Seller and the applicable portion of any liabilities of the Company Group, or other relevant items, treated as amounts realized by Prism and Clairvest Direct Seller for applicable income Tax purposes among the assets of the Company for U.S. federal income Tax purposes in accordance with the rules under Section 755 of the Code and the applicable Treasury Regulations (the Allocation), and shall deliver such Allocation to the Seller Representatives for the Seller Representatives’ review and comment. Leo shall incorporate any reasonable comments provided by the Seller Representatives in writing within thirty (30) days following their receipt thereof. The Parties and their respective Affiliates agree to (i) be bound by the Allocation as prepared in accordance with the terms of this Section 9.6(c), (ii) act

 

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in accordance with the Allocation in the preparation and the filing of all Tax Returns and in the course of any Tax audit, Tax review or Tax litigation relating thereto and (c) take no position and cause their Affiliates to take no position inconsistent with the Allocation for all Tax purposes, unless otherwise required pursuant to a “determination” within the meaning of Section 1313(a) of the Code (and any corresponding or similar provision of state or local Law).

 

(d)        Transaction Tax Deductions. Notwithstanding anything in the Amended Partnership Agreement to the contrary, for purposes of preparing any Tax Return of or with respect to the Company or the Surviving Partnership (or any of their respective Subsidiaries) all Transaction Tax Deductions shall be allocated solely to Prism, the Clairvest Direct Seller and Blocker Corp to the extent permitted by applicable Law at a “more likely than not” or higher standard of confidence.

 

9.7         Section 280G. At least three (3) Business Days prior to the Closing, the Company shall (i) use commercially reasonable efforts to secure from each person who has a right to any payments and/or benefits as a result of or in connection with the transactions contemplated herein that would be deemed to constitute “parachute payments” (within the meaning of Section 280G of the Code and the regulations promulgated thereunder) a waiver of such person’s rights to some or all of such payments and/or benefits (the Section 280G Payments) applicable to such person so that all remaining payments and/or benefits applicable to such person shall not be deemed to be “excess parachute payments” that would not be deductible under Section 280G of the Code and (ii) solicit from its equityholders approval of (in a manner designed to meet the requirements of Section 280G(b)(5)(B) of the Code and the applicable rulings and final regulations thereunder) Section 280G Payments to “disqualified individuals” (within the meaning of Section 280G of the Code). Prior to the Closing, the Company shall provide Leo with evidence of the result of the equityholder vote, indicating with respect to the Section 280G Payments for each person that the required equityholder approval was received or that such equityholder approval was not obtained. At least five (5) Business Days prior to soliciting the equityholder vote described above, the Company shall deliver to Leo for its review copies of all documents prepared by the Company in connection with this Section 9.7, including the parachute payment calculations prepared by the Company and/or its advisors, and the Company shall take reasonable steps to consider and accommodate comments received from Leo.

 

9.8         Publicity. The Seller Representatives, the Company and Leo shall reasonably cooperate to (a) prepare and make a public announcement regarding the transactions contemplated by this Agreement as promptly as practicable after the execution and delivery hereof and (b) create and implement a communications plan regarding the transactions contemplated hereby (the Communications Plan) promptly following the date hereof. Notwithstanding the foregoing, none of the Parties will make any public announcement or issue any public communication regarding this Agreement, the Related Documents or the transactions contemplated hereby or any matter related to the foregoing, without the prior written consent of the Seller Representatives, in the case of a public announcement by Leo, or Leo, in the case of a public announcement by any Seller, Blocker Corp or the Company (such consents, in either case, not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), except (i) if such announcement or other communication is required by applicable Law or the rules of any securities exchange on which the securities of such Party or any of such Party’s Affiliates are listed, in which case the disclosing Party shall, to the extent permitted by applicable Law, first allow such other Parties to

 

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review such announcement or communication and the opportunity to comment thereon and the disclosing Party shall consider such comments in good faith, (ii) in the case of the Sellers, Leo and their respective Affiliates, if such announcement or other communication is made in connection with fundraising or other investment related activities or continuous disclosure documents and is made to such Person’s direct and indirect investors or potential investors or financing sources subject to an obligation of confidentiality, (iii) to the extent provided for in the Communications Plan, internal announcements to employees of the Company, (iv) to the extent such announcements or other communications contain only information previously disclosed in a public statement, press release or other communication previously approved in accordance with this Section 9.8, and (v) announcements and communications to Governmental Authorities in connection with filings or Permits relating to the transactions contemplated hereby required to be made under this Agreement.

 

9.9         Directors’ and Officers’ Indemnification and Insurance.

 

(a)        The Parties acknowledge and agree that all rights to indemnification, exculpation and advancement existing in favor of the current or former directors, officers, managers, employees and agents of any member of the Company Group or Leo and each Person who served at the request of the Company or Leo, as applicable, as a director, officer, member, trustee or fiduciary of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, pension or other employee benefit plan or enterprise (the D&O Indemnified Persons), as provided in the certificate of formation or operating agreement, certificate of incorporation, articles of organization, or bylaws (or other comparable governing documents) of any member of the Company Group or Leo in effect on the date of this Agreement, or in any indemnification agreement or arrangement as in effect as of the date of this Agreement with respect to matters occurring prior to or at the Closing, shall survive the Closing and shall continue in full force and effect and that any member of the Company Group or the Surviving Company (on behalf of Leo) will perform and discharge such member of the Company Group’s or Leo’s respective obligations to provide such indemnity and exculpation from and after the Closing for a period of six (6) years or until the settlement or final adjudication of any Action commenced during such period. The Surviving Company shall cause the Surviving Company Certificate of Incorporation and the Surviving Company Bylaws to contain provisions with respect to indemnification, exculpation and advancement of the D&O Indemnified Persons no less favorable to the D&O Indemnified Persons than set forth in the Company LLC Agreement and Leo Governing Documents, as in effect on the date of this Agreement, which provisions shall not be amended, repealed or otherwise modified after the Closing in any manner that would adversely affect the rights of any D&O Indemnified Person thereunder except as is required under applicable Law. From and after the Closing, the Surviving Company shall assume, guarantee and stand surety for, and shall cause the members of the Company Group to honor, in accordance with their respective terms, each of the covenants contained in this Section 9.9.

 

(b)        From and following the Closing Date, the Surviving Company, shall, and shall cause the members of the Company Group to, to the fullest extent permitted under applicable Law, indemnify and hold harmless (and advance funds in respect of each of the foregoing, following receipt of any undertakings required by applicable Law) each of the D&O Indemnified Persons against any liabilities, losses, penalties, fines, claims, damages, reasonable and documented out-of-pocket costs or expenses in connection with any actual or threatened, in

 

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writing, Action, arising out of, relating to or in connection with any action or omission occurring or alleged to have occurred in such D&O Indemnified Person’s capacity as a director or officer of any member of the Company Group, or in such D&O Indemnified Person’s capacity as a director, officer, member, trustee or fiduciary of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, pension or other employee benefit plan or enterprise at the request or for the benefit of any member of the Company Group, before the Closing Date (including acts or omissions in connection with such persons serving as an officer, director or other fiduciary in any entity if such service was at the request or for the benefit of any member of the Company Group). In the event of any such Action, the Surviving Company and the members of the Company Group, as applicable, shall reasonably cooperate with the D&O Indemnified Person in the defense of any Action; provided that none of the Surviving Company and the members of the Company Group shall be liable for any settlement effected without its prior written consent (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed). Each of Leo and the Company hereby acknowledges that certain D&O Indemnified Persons may have rights to indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by one (1) or more current direct or indirect equityholders of the Company or Leo, as applicable, or their respective Affiliates (each, a Separate Indemnitor) (directly or through insurance obtained by any such entity). Each of Leo and the Company hereby agrees and acknowledges that (i) the Surviving Company is the indemnitor of first resort with respect to the D&O Indemnified Persons, (ii) the Surviving Company shall be required to advance the full amount of expenses incurred by the D&O Indemnified Persons, as required by Law, the terms of the Surviving Company’s organizational documents, any applicable agreement, vote of stockholders or disinterested directors, or otherwise, without regard to any rights the D&O Indemnified Persons may have against any Separate Indemnitors and (iii) to the extent permitted by Law, the Surviving Company irrevocably waives, relinquishes and releases the Separate Indemnitors from any and all claims for contribution, subrogation or any other recovery of any kind in respect thereof. Each of Leo and the Company further agrees no advancement or payment by any Separate Indemnitor with respect to any claim for which the D&O Indemnified Persons have sought indemnification pursuant hereto shall affect the foregoing, and such Separate Indemnitors shall have a right of contribution and/or be subrogated to the extent of such advancement or payment to all of the rights of recovery of the D&O Indemnified Persons against the Surviving Company.

 

(c)        For a period of six (6) years from the Closing Date, the Surviving Company shall maintain directors’ and officers’ liability insurance covering (as direct beneficiaries) all D&O Indemnified Persons, in each case of the type and with the amount of coverage no less favorable than those of the directors’ and officers’ liability insurance maintained as of the date of this Agreement by, or for the benefit of, the Company Group (the Current Policies), and with such other terms as are no less favorable than those in the Current Policies; provided, however, that (i) in no event shall the Surviving Company be obligated to pay annual premiums greater than 300% of such premiums paid or payable as of the date of this Agreement and (ii) if the annual premium for such coverage and amount of insurance would exceed 300% of such current annual rate, the Surviving Company shall provide the maximum coverage which shall then be available at an annual premium not exceeding 300% of such rate. The Surviving Company shall maintain any such directors’ and officers’ liability insurance in full force and effect for its full term, and honor all obligations thereunder (including the payment of any applicable premiums). Without limiting the foregoing, the Company shall obtain prior to the Closing a fully paid six (6) year “tail” insurance policy (the D&O Tail) with respect to

 

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directors’ and officers’ liability insurance of the type and with the amount of coverage and such other terms as are no less favorable in the aggregate than those in the Current Policies, and the cost of the D&O Tail shall be included as a Transaction Cost. The Surviving Company shall maintain the D&O Tail in full force and effect for its full term and will honor all obligations thereunder.

 

(d)        If the Surviving Company or any of its respective successors or assigns (i) shall consolidate with or merge into any other Person and shall not be the continuing or surviving corporation or entity of such consolidation or merger or (ii) shall transfer all or substantially all of its properties and assets to any Person, then, and in each such case, proper provisions shall be made so that the successors and assigns of the Surviving Company shall assume all of the obligations of the Surviving Company set forth in this Section 9.9.

 

(e)        The provisions of this Section 9.9 shall survive the Closing and are (i) intended to be for the benefit of, and will be enforceable by, each D&O Indemnified Person, and each D&O Indemnified Person’s heirs, legatees, representatives, successors and assigns, and shall be binding on all successors and assigns of Leo and may not be terminated or amended in any manner adverse to such D&O Indemnified Person without its prior written consent and (ii) in addition to, and not in substitution for, any other rights to indemnification or contribution that any such Person may have by Contract or otherwise.

 

9.10       Employee Matters.

 

(a)        The Surviving Company shall, or shall cause one (1) of its Subsidiaries to, continue to employ, immediately following the Closing, each individual employed by the Surviving Company or any of its respective Company Subsidiaries immediately prior to the Closing, including those on vacation, sick leave, maternity leave, military service, lay-off, disability or other approved leave of absence (such employees, collectively, the Company Group Employees). During the twelve (12)-month period following the Closing (the Benefit Period), the Surviving Company shall, or shall cause one (1) of its Subsidiaries to, provide the Company Group Employees who continue to be actively employed by the Surviving Company (or any of its Subsidiaries) during the Benefit Period with base salary and base wages and annual target cash bonus opportunities (excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, equity or equity based compensation, deferred compensation, or transaction bonuses) that are substantially similar to those provided to the Company Group Employees immediately prior to the Closing and 401(k) and group health and other group welfare benefits that are substantially similar in the aggregate to those provided to the similarly situated Company Group Employees immediately prior to the Closing Date.

 

(b)        With respect to any employee benefits that are provided to the Company Group Employees under employee benefits plans of the Surviving Company or its Subsidiaries (the Surviving Company Plans) that replace the Benefit Plans (as provided by the Company Group immediately prior to the Closing), the Surviving Company shall, or shall cause its Subsidiaries to, use commercially reasonable efforts to provide that any applicable pre-existing condition exclusions and actively-at-work requirements (except to the extent not satisfied under the comparable Benefit Plan as of such time) shall be waived, and any expenses incurred before such time under the comparable Benefit Plan shall be taken into account under such the

 

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Surviving Company Plan for purposes of satisfying applicable deductible, coinsurance and maximum out-of-pocket provisions.

 

(c)        Nothing herein shall (i) be construed to establish or be treated as an amendment or modification of any Benefit Plan or Surviving Company Plan, (ii) alter or limit the Surviving Company’s ability to amend, modify or interpret or terminate any Surviving Company Plan at any time in accordance with the terms of such plan and applicable Law or (iii) give any third party, including any Company Group Employee, any right to continued employment or any particular term or condition of employment following the Closing or to rely upon or demand or enforce the provisions of this Section 9.10.

 

9.11       Control of Operations.

 

(a)        Nothing contained in this Agreement shall give Leo, directly or indirectly, the right to control or direct any of the Company Group’s operations prior to the Closing.

 

(b)        Prior to the Closing, the Company Group shall exercise, consistent with the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, complete control and supervision over its operations.

 

9.12       Exclusivity.

 

(a)        From the date of this Agreement and ending on the earlier of (i) the Closing and (ii) the termination of this Agreement pursuant to Article XI in accordance with its terms (the Interim Period), the Sellers and the Company shall not, and shall cause their respective Representatives and Blocker Corp not to, directly or indirectly, (A) enter into, solicit, initiate or continue any discussions or negotiations with, or encourage or respond to any inquiries or proposals by, or participate in any negotiations with, or provide any information to, or otherwise cooperate in any way with, any Person or other entity or group, concerning any sale of any material assets of the Company or Blocker Corp or any of the Outstanding Company Units or Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares or any conversion, consolidation, liquidation, dissolution or similar transaction involving the Company or Blocker Corp other than with Leo and its Representatives (an Alternative Transaction), (B) enter into any agreement regarding, continue or otherwise participate in any discussions regarding, or furnish to any Person any information with respect to, or cooperate in any way that would otherwise reasonably be expected to lead to, any Alternative Transaction or (C) commence, continue or renew any due diligence investigation regarding any Alternative Transaction; provided that the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the Related Documents and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby shall not be deemed a violation of this Section 9.12. The Sellers shall, and shall cause their respective Affiliates and respective Representatives to, immediately cease any and all existing discussions or negotiations with any Person conducted heretofore with respect to any Alternative Transaction. If any of the Sellers, the Company, Blocker Corp or any of their respective Representatives receives any inquiry or proposal with respect to an Alternative Transaction at any time prior to the Closing, then such Seller, Blocker Corp or the Company shall promptly (and in no event later than twenty-four (24) hours after such Seller, Blocker Corp or the Company becomes aware of such inquiry or proposal) (1) advise Leo orally and in writing of such inquiry or proposal (including the identity of the Person making

 

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such inquiry or submitting such proposal, and the terms thereof) and (2) provide Leo a copy of such inquiry or proposal, if in writing. Without limiting the foregoing, the Parties agree that any violation of the restrictions set forth in this Section 9.12(b) by any Affiliate or Representative of any Seller, Blocker Corp or the Company shall be deemed to be a breach of this Section 9.12(b) by such Seller, Blocker Corp or the Company, respectively.

 

(b)        Leo shall not, and shall cause its Affiliates and their respective Representatives not to, directly or indirectly, (i) enter into, solicit, initiate or continue any discussions or negotiations with, or knowingly encourage or respond to any inquiries or proposals by, or participate in any negotiations with, or provide any information to, or otherwise cooperate in any way with, any Person or other entity or group, concerning any Business Combination Proposal, (ii) enter into any agreement regarding, continue or otherwise participate in any discussions or negotiations regarding, or furnish to any Person any information with respect to, or cooperate in any way that would otherwise reasonably be expected to lead to, any Business Combination Proposal or (iii) commence, continue or renew any due diligence investigation regarding any Business Combination Proposal. Leo shall, and shall cause each of its Affiliates and their respective Representatives to, immediately cease any and all existing discussions or negotiations with any Person conducted heretofore with respect to any Business Combination Proposal. If Leo, its Affiliates or any of their respective Representatives receives any inquiry or proposal with respect to a Business Combination Proposal at any time prior to the Closing, then Leo shall promptly (and in no event later than twenty-four (24) hours after Leo becomes aware of such inquiry or proposal) (A) advise the Seller Representatives orally and in writing of such inquiry or proposal (including the identity of the Person making such inquiry or submitting such proposal, and the terms thereof) and (B) provide the Seller Representatives a copy of such inquiry or proposal, if in writing. Without limiting the foregoing, the Parties agree that any violation of the restrictions set forth in this Section 9.12(b) by any of Leo’s Affiliates or Representatives shall be deemed to be a breach of this Section 9.12(b) by Leo.

 

(c)        Prior to Closing, the Company shall require the prompt destruction or return of any confidential information provided to any third party in connection with an Alternative Transaction and shall refrain from waiving or modifying any rights under any confidentiality or standstill agreement relating to an Alternative Transaction.

 

9.13       Trust Account. Upon satisfaction or waiver of the conditions set forth in Article X and provision of notice thereof to the Trustee (which notice Leo shall provide to the Trustee in accordance with the terms of the Trust Agreement), (a) in accordance with and pursuant to the Trust Agreement, at the Closing, Leo (i) shall cause the documents, opinions and notices required to be delivered to the Trustee pursuant to the Trust Agreement to be so delivered and (ii) shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Trustee to, and the Trustee shall thereupon be obligated to, (1) pay as and when due all amounts payable to shareholders of Leo holding shares of the Class A Ordinary Shares sold in Leo’s initial public offering who shall have previously validly elected to redeem their Class A Ordinary Shares pursuant to Leo Governing Documents, (2) pay the IPO Underwriter Fees to the IPO Underwriter and (3) immediately thereafter, pay all remaining amounts then available in the Trust Account to Leo for immediate use, subject to this Agreement and the Trust Agreement and (b) thereafter, the Trust Account shall terminate, except as otherwise provided therein.

 

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9.14       Proxy Statement; SEC Filings.

 

(a)        Leo and the Company shall use reasonable best efforts to jointly prepare and cause to be filed by Leo with the SEC, as promptly as reasonably practicable following the availability of the audited financial statements of the Company (including the audited financial statements of businesses acquired by the Company and the PCAOB Financial Statements) required to be included therein, a Registration Statement on Form S-4 (the Form S-4), containing a preliminary proxy statement/prospectus relating to the Domestication, the other Leo Shareholder Approvals and the Leo Shareholders Meeting, and Leo and the Company shall use their respective reasonable best efforts to cause the Form S-4 to be declared effective and to cause a definitive proxy statement/prospectus relating to the Domestication, the other Leo Shareholder Approvals and the Leo Shareholders Meeting (together with any amendments or supplements thereto, the Proxy Statement) to be mailed as promptly as reasonably practicable after such effectiveness to the shareholders of Leo (but in any event, such mailing shall commence within three (3) Business Days of (i) in the event the SEC does not review the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement, the expiration of the waiting period in Rule 14a-6(a) under the Exchange Act, or (ii) in the event the SEC does review the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement, receipt of written notice that the Form S-4 has been declared effective). The Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement shall comply as to form and substance in all material respects with the applicable requirements of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder. Each of the Company and Leo shall furnish all information concerning such Person and its Affiliates to the other, and provide such other assistance, as may be reasonably requested in connection with the preparation, filing and distribution, as applicable, of the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement, and the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement shall include all information reasonably requested by such other Party to be included therein. Leo shall promptly notify the Company and the Seller Representatives upon the receipt of any comments from the SEC or any request from the SEC for amendments or supplements to the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement and shall provide the Company and the Seller Representatives with copies of all written correspondence between it and its Representatives, on the one hand, and the SEC, on the other hand. Each of the Company and Leo shall use its reasonable best efforts to respond as promptly as reasonably practicable to any comments from the SEC with respect to the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement. If the Form S-4 has not been declared effective as of prior to May 14, 2020, the Company shall, as soon as reasonably practicable following May 14, 2020, provide to Leo an unaudited SAS-100 reviewed consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of March 31, 2020, and the related unaudited consolidated statements of income, members’ equity and cash flows. Notwithstanding the foregoing, prior to filing the Form S-4 or mailing the Proxy Statement (or any amendment or supplement thereto) or responding to any comments of the SEC with respect thereto, the Company and Leo (A) shall provide the other an opportunity to review and comment on such document or response (including the proposed final version of such document or response), (B) shall include in such document or response all comments reasonably proposed by the other and (C) shall not file or mail such document or respond to the SEC prior to receiving the approval of the other, which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed. Leo shall advise the Company and the Seller Representatives, promptly after receipt of notice thereof, of the expiration of the waiting period in Rule 14a-6(a) under the Exchange Act, if the SEC does not review the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement, or the receipt of any oral or written notification of the completion of review of the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement by the SEC, the issuance of any stop order relating thereto or the suspension of the qualification of the

 

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Equity Consideration for offering or sale in any jurisdiction, and the Company and Leo shall use its reasonable best efforts to have any such stop order or suspension lifted, reversed or otherwise terminated. Leo shall also take any other action (other than qualifying to do business in any jurisdiction in which it is not now so qualified) required to be taken under the Securities Act, the Exchange Act, any applicable state securities or “blue sky” laws and the rules and regulations thereunder in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby. In connection with the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement, Leo will also file with the SEC financial and other information about the transactions contemplated by this Agreement in accordance with applicable proxy solicitation rules set forth in Leo Governing Documents and the rules and regulations of the SEC and NYSE.

 

(b)        The Company agrees to promptly provide Leo with all information concerning each member of the Company Group and the management, operations and financial condition of each member of the Company Group, in each case, reasonably requested by Leo for inclusion in the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement. The Company shall cause the officers and employees of each member of the Company Group to be reasonably available to Leo and its counsel in connection with the drafting of the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement and responding in a timely manner to comments on the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement from the SEC.

 

(c)        If prior to the Closing, any event occurs with respect to Leo, or any change occurs with respect to other information supplied by Leo for inclusion in the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement, which is required to be described in an amendment of, or a supplement to, the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement, Leo shall promptly notify the Company of such event, and the Company and Leo shall cooperate in the prompt filing with the SEC of any necessary amendment or supplement to the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement and, as required by Law, in disseminating the information contained in such amendment or supplement to Leo’s shareholders and the Company’s unitholders. Nothing in this Section 9.14(c) shall limit the obligations of any Party under Section 9.14(a).

 

(d)        If prior to the Closing, any event occurs with respect to any member of the Company Group, or any change occurs with respect to other information supplied by the Company for inclusion in the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement, which is required to be described in an amendment of, or a supplement to, the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement, the Company shall promptly notify Leo of such event, and the Company and Leo shall cooperate in the prompt filing with the SEC of any necessary amendment or supplement to the Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement and, as required by Law, in disseminating the information contained in such amendment or supplement to Leo’s shareholders and the Company’s unitholders. Nothing in this Section 9.14(d) shall limit the obligations of any Party under Section 9.14(a).

 

(e)        Leo shall, as soon as reasonably practicable following the date of this Agreement, establish a record date for, duly call, give notice of, convene and hold the Leo Shareholders Meeting for the sole purpose of seeking the Leo Shareholder Approvals. Leo shall use its reasonable best efforts to (i) cause the Proxy Statement to be mailed to Leo’s shareholders and to hold the Leo Shareholders Meeting as soon as reasonably practicable after the Form S-4 is declared effective and (ii) solicit the Leo Shareholder Approvals (including by soliciting proxies as promptly as practicable in accordance with applicable Law for the purpose of seeking the Leo Shareholder Approvals). Leo shall, through the board of directors of Leo, recommend to its

 

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shareholders that they give the Leo Shareholder Approvals and shall include such recommendation in the Proxy Statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Section 9.14(e), (A) the Leo Shareholders Meeting shall in any event be held not more than thirty (30) days after the date on which the Proxy Statement is mailed to Leo’s shareholders and (B) Leo shall have the right to make one (1) or more successive postponements or adjournments of the Leo Shareholders Meeting (1) to ensure that any supplement or amendment to the Proxy Statement that the board of directors of Leo has determined in good faith is required by applicable Law is disclosed to Leo’s shareholders and for such supplement or amendment to be promptly disseminated to the Leo’s shareholders prior to the Leo Shareholders Meeting, (2) if on a date for which the Leo Shareholders Meeting is scheduled, Leo has not received proxies representing a sufficient number of shares of Leo Common Stock to obtain the Leo Shareholder Approvals, whether or not a quorum is present, (3) if, as of the time for which the Leo Shareholders Meeting is scheduled (as set forth in the Proxy Statement), there are insufficient shares of Leo Common Stock represented (either in person or by proxy) to constitute a quorum necessary to conduct the business to be conducted at the Leo Shareholders Meeting or (4) if, as of the deadline for electing redemption by holders of Class A Ordinary Shares in accordance with the Leo Governing Documents, the number of shares being redeemed would cause the condition to Closing set forth in Section 10.3(d) to not be satisfied; provided that (excluding any adjournments or postponements required by applicable Law) the Leo Shareholders Meeting is not postponed or adjourned to a date that is more than thirty (30) days after the date for which the Leo Shareholders Meeting was originally scheduled (excluding any adjournments or postponements required by applicable Law).

 

(f)           Sponsor, as a shareholder of Leo, shall vote in favor of the Leo Shareholder Approvals.

 

(g)          As promptly as practicable following the date hereof, the Sellers shall (after reasonable consultation with Leo) provide to Leo:

 

(i)         the names and biographies of (A) one (1) individual nominated by Prism to the board of directors of the Surviving Company, (B) two (2) individuals nominated by Clairvest to the board of directors of the Surviving Company, one of which shall be independent under the applicable rules of the NYSE, (C) one (1) individual nominated mutually by Seller Representatives to the board of directors of the Surviving Company who shall be independent under the applicable rules of the NYSE and independent pursuant to the requirements of Rule 10A-3 of the Exchange Act (collectively, the Seller Nominees”); and

 

(ii)        the names and offices of the individuals to serve as the officers of the Surviving Company as of the Closing (the Surviving Company Officers).

 

(h)        (i) Prior to the Closing, Leo shall obtain irrevocable resignations from all current directors and officers on the board of directors of Leo (other than of the Sponsor Director and the Lion Director), and (ii) as of the Closing, Leo shall cause (A) the size of the board of directors of the Surviving Company to be set at seven (7), (B) the Seller Nominees and the chief executive officer of the Surviving Company to be elected as members of the board of directors of the Surviving Company and (C) the Surviving Company Officers to be appointed as the officers of the Surviving Company, in each case, effective as of the Closing.

 

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(i)         As promptly as practicable following the date hereof, (i) Sponsor shall (after reasonable consultation with Leo) provide to Leo the biography of one (1) individual nominated by Sponsor to the board of directors of the Surviving Company to remain as a director of the Surviving Company as of immediately following the Closing (the Sponsor Director) and (ii) Lion Capital (Guernsey) Bridgeco Limited or an Affiliate thereof (Lion) shall (after reasonable consultation with Leo) provide to Leo the biography of one (1) individual nominated by Lion to the board of directors of the Surviving Company to remain as a director of the Surviving Company as of immediately following the Closing (the Lion Director); provided that each of the Sponsor Director and the Lion Director shall be independent under the applicable rules of the NYSE and independent pursuant to the requirements of Rule 10A-3 of the Exchange Act.

 

9.15       Listing of Leo Common Stock. Leo will use its reasonable best efforts to cause the shares of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock into which the shares of Surviving Company Class C Common Stock to be issued under Section 3.2(c)(ii) are convertible in accordance with the Surviving Company Certificate of Incorporation and the shares of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock into which the Surviving Partnership Common Units held by Prism and Clairvest Direct Seller are redeemable under the Amended Partnership Agreement (collectively, the Closing Shares), and will use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Seller Warrants, in each case, to be approved for listing on the NYSE, subject to official notice of issuance, prior to the Closing. During the Interim Period, Leo shall use its reasonable best efforts to remain listed as a public company on the NYSE and will take all steps necessary to ensure the Surviving Company Class A Common Stock remains listed on the NYSE following the Domestication. During the Interim Period, Leo will keep current and timely file all of its public filings with the SEC and otherwise comply in all material respects with applicable securities Laws. During the Interim Period, if Leo receives any written or, to the Knowledge of Leo, oral notice from NYSE that Leo has failed, or would reasonably be expected to fail, to meet the listing requirements of the NYSE as of the Closing or within six (6) months thereafter for any reason, then Leo shall give prompt written notice of such NYSE notice to the Company, including a copy of any written notice received from NYSE or a summary of any oral notice received from NYSE.

 

9.16       Section 16 of the Exchange Act. Prior to the Closing, the board of directors of Leo, or an appropriate committee of non-employee directors thereof, shall adopt a resolution consistent with the interpretive guidance of the SEC so that the issuance of Leo Common Stock by Leo, in each case, pursuant to this Agreement and the Related Documents to any officer, director or shareholder (by reason of “director by deputization”) of the Company who is expected to become a “covered person” of Leo for purposes of Section 16 of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder (Section 16) shall be an exempt transaction for purposes of Section 16.

 

9.17       Notification of Certain Matters. During the Interim Period, each of the Parties shall give prompt notice to the other Parties if such Party or its Affiliates discovers any fact or circumstance that, or becomes aware of the occurrence or non-occurrence of any event the occurrence or non-occurrence of which, would reasonably be expected to cause or result in any of the conditions set forth in Article X not being satisfied or the satisfaction of those conditions being materially delayed. No such notice shall constitute an acknowledgment or admission by

 

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the Party providing the notice regarding whether or not any of the conditions to the Closing have been satisfied or in determining whether or not any of the representations, warranties or covenants contained in this Agreement have been breached.

 

9.18       Affiliate Agreements. Other than the Related Documents and Contracts set forth on Section 9.18 of the Company Disclosure Schedules or entered into in compliance with Section 9.1(b) prior to the Closing, at the Closing, the Sellers shall cause all agreements between the Sellers or any Affiliate of the Sellers and any member of the Company Group to be terminated without any further liability.

 

9.19       Release.

 

(a)        Effective upon and following the Closing, Leo, on its own behalf and on behalf of the Surviving Company, the Company, Blocker Corp and each of their respective Affiliates and Representatives, generally, irrevocably, unconditionally and completely releases and forever discharges the Sellers, their respective Affiliates and each of their and their respective Affiliates’ respective Related Parties, and each of their respective successors and assigns and each of their respective Related Parties (collectively, the Seller Released Parties) from all disputes, claims, losses, controversies, demands, rights, liabilities, actions and causes of action of every kind and nature, whether known or unknown, arising from any matter concerning any member of the Company Group or Blocker Corp occurring prior to the Closing, including for controlling equityholder liability or breach of any fiduciary duty relating to any pre-Closing actions or failures to act by the Seller Released Parties; provided, however, that nothing in this Section 9.19 shall release the Seller Released Parties from their obligations under this Agreement or the other Related Documents.

 

(b)        Effective upon and following the Closing, each Seller, on its own behalf and on behalf of the Company, Blocker Corp and the Surviving Company and each of its Affiliates and Representatives, generally, irrevocably, unconditionally and completely releases and forever discharges Leo, the Surviving Company, Blocker Corp and the Company, each of their respective Affiliates and each of their and their respective Affiliates’ respective Related Parties, and each of their respective successors and assigns and each of their respective Related Parties (collectively, the Leo Released Parties) from all disputes, claims, losses, controversies, demands, rights, liabilities, actions and causes of action of every kind and nature, whether known or unknown, arising from any matter concerning any member of the Company Group or Blocker Corp occurring prior to the Closing; providedhowever, that nothing in this Section 9.19 shall release the Leo Released Parties from (i) obligations under this Agreement or the Related Documents, (ii) any right to indemnification or exculpation under any agreements or organizational documents of the Company or Blocker Corp or (iii) with respect to any salary, bonuses, vacation pay or employee benefits accrued pursuant to a Benefit Plan in effect as of the date of this Agreement or any expense reimbursement pursuant to a policy of the Company in effect as of the date of this Agreement and consistent with past practice.

 

(c)        Effective upon and following the Closing, Leo, on its own behalf and on behalf of its Affiliates and Representatives, generally, irrevocably, unconditionally and completely releases and forever discharges the Company, each of its Affiliates and each of their respective Affiliates’ respective Related Parties, and each of their respective successors and

 

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assigns and each of their respective Related Parties (collectively, the Company Released Parties) from all disputes, claims, losses, controversies, demands, rights, liabilities, actions and causes of action of every kind and nature, whether known or unknown, arising from any matter concerning the Company occurring prior to the Closing, including for controlling equityholder liability or breach of any fiduciary duty relating to any pre-Closing actions or failures to act by the Company Released Parties; provided, however, that nothing in this Section 9.19 shall release the Company Released Parties from their obligations under this Agreement or the other Related Documents.

 

9.20       Company Member Consent. The Sellers shall deliver to Leo the Company Member Consent no later than 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the day after the date hereof.

 

9.21       No Claim Against Trust Amount. Notwithstanding anything else in this Agreement, the Company and each of the Sellers acknowledge that they have read the Prospectus and understand that Leo has established the Trust Account for the benefit of Leo’s public shareholders and that Leo may disburse monies from the Trust Account only (a) to Leo’s public shareholders in the event they elect to have their shares redeemed in accordance with Leo Governing Documents and/or the liquidation of Leo, (b) to Leo after, or concurrently with, the consummation of a Business Combination, (c) to Leo in limited amounts for its Tax obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business, (d) as repayment of loans and reimbursement of expenses to directors, officers and founding shareholders of Leo and (e) to third parties (e.g., professionals, printers, etc.) who have rendered services to Leo in connection with its operations and efforts to effect a Business Combination. All liabilities and obligations of Leo due and owing or incurred at or prior to the Closing shall be paid from the Trust Account as and when due, including all amounts payable (i) to Leo’s public shareholders in the event they elect to have their shares redeemed in accordance with Leo Governing Documents and/or the liquidation of Leo, (ii) to Leo after, or concurrently with, the consummation of a Business Combination, and (iii) to Leo in limited amounts for its Tax obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business. The Company and the Sellers further acknowledge that, if the transactions contemplated by this Agreement (or, upon termination of this Agreement, another Business Combination) are not consummated by July 31, 2020, Leo will be obligated to return to its shareholders the amounts being held in the Trust Account, unless such date is otherwise extended. Upon the Closing, Leo shall cause the Trust Account to be disbursed to Leo and as otherwise contemplated by this Agreement. Accordingly, the Company and each Seller, for each of themselves and their respective subsidiaries, affiliated entities, directors, officers, employees, stockholders, representatives, advisors and all other associates and Affiliates, hereby waive all rights, title, interest or claim of any kind to collect from the Trust Account any monies that may be owed to them by Leo for any reason whatsoever, including to a breach of this Agreement by Leo or any negotiations, agreements or understandings with Leo (whether in the past, present or future), and will not seek recourse against the Trust Account at any time for any reason whatsoever, in each case except as expressly contemplated by this Agreement. This paragraph will survive the termination of this Agreement for any reason.

 

9.22       Subscription Agreements. Leo shall not permit any amendment or modification to be made to, or any waiver of any provision or remedy under, or any replacements of, the Subscription Agreements in a manner materially adverse to the Sellers; provided that any amendment that reduces the amount of the commitment, or increases the conditionality of the

 

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commitment, under any Subscription Agreement shall be deemed materially adverse to the Sellers. Leo shall use its reasonable best efforts to take, or cause to be taken, all actions and do, or cause to be done, all things reasonably necessary, proper or advisable to consummate the transactions contemplated by the Subscription Agreements on the terms and conditions described therein, including maintaining in effect the Subscription Agreements and using its commercially reasonable efforts to (a) satisfy in all material respects on a timely basis all conditions and covenants applicable to Leo in the Subscription Agreements and otherwise comply with its obligations thereunder, (b) in the event that all conditions in the Subscription Agreements (other than conditions that Leo or any of its Affiliates control the satisfaction of and other than those conditions that by their nature are to be satisfied at the Closing) have been satisfied, consummate transactions contemplated by the Subscription Agreements at or prior to Closing and (c) enforce its rights under the Subscription Agreements in the event that all conditions in the Subscription Agreements (other than conditions that Leo or any of its Affiliates control the satisfaction of and other than those conditions that by their nature are to be satisfied at the Closing) have been satisfied, to cause the applicable PIPE Investors to contribute to Leo the applicable portion of the PIPE Investment set forth in the Subscription Agreements at or prior to the Closing. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Leo shall give the Seller, prompt (and, in any event within one (1) Business Day) written notice (i) of any amendment to any Subscription Agreement (together with a copy of such amendment), (ii) of any breach or default (or any event or circumstance that, with or without notice, lapse of time or both, could give rise to any breach or default) by any party to any Subscription Agreement known to Leo, (iii) of the receipt of any written notice or other written communication from any party to any Subscription Agreement with respect to any actual, potential or claimed expiration, lapse, withdrawal, breach, default, termination or repudiation by any party to any Subscription Agreement or any provisions of any Subscription Agreement and (iv) if Leo does not expect to receive all or any portion of the PIPE Investment on the terms, in the manner or from the sources contemplated by the Subscription Agreements.

 

9.23       Names and Marks.

 

(a)        Effective as of the Closing, the Company hereby grants, on behalf of itself and the other members of the Company Group, and shall cause the other members of the Company Group to grant, to each Clairvest Direct Seller, Blocker Sellers and their respective Affiliates a nonexclusive, perpetual, royalty-free and fully paid-up, worldwide right and license to use the name and related logos of the Company Group (collectively, the Company Name) in their respective printed materials and website and in other forms and media for the sole purpose of describing their respective prior ownership, investment or interest in the Company Group and the associated businesses; provided that the Company Name is used solely in a manner that is reasonable and customary for such purposes and not in a manner intended to harm or disparage the Company Group. For the avoidance of doubt, nothing herein shall waive or restrict or otherwise limit any rights that Clairvest Direct Seller, Blocker Sellers and their respective Affiliates may have under applicable Law.

 

(b)        From and after the Closing, Leo and its Affiliates shall have no right, title or interest in or to, and Leo shall not use, and shall not permit any of its Affiliates to use, Clairvest,” CEP,” any derivative or variant thereof or any name or trademark confusingly similar to any of the foregoing, alone or as part of a combination (collectively, the Clairvest

 

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Names”), in whole or in part, as the name of or otherwise in connection with the Company Group or their respective businesses, except for the purpose of describing Clairvest Direct Seller’s, Blocker Sellers’ and their respective Affiliates’ respective prior ownership, investment or interest in the Company Group. Within sixty (60) days after the Closing Date, Leo shall change the name of Blocker Corp (and any other entity, if applicable) to remove any Clairvest Name. For the avoidance of doubt, nothing herein shall waive or restrict or otherwise limit any rights that Leo and its Affiliates may have under applicable Law.

 

9.24       Sponsor and Director Lock-Up. Leo and Sponsor acknowledge and agree that any shares of Leo Common Stock owned by Sponsor and the Leo Independent Directors as of immediately following the Domestication and immediately following the Closing shall be considered “Founder Shares” (as defined in the applicable letter agreement, dated on or about February 15, 2018, by and between the Company and such Person (each, a Leo Lock-Up Agreement)) and shall be subject to the terms and conditions of the applicable Leo Lock-Up Agreement.

 

9.25       PCAOB Financial Statements. The Company and the Sellers will use reasonable best efforts to deliver to Leo the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of December 31, 2019, December 31, 2018, and December 31, 2017, and the related audited consolidated statements of income, changes in members’ equity and cash flows for the years then ended, in each case each audited in accordance with PCAOB auditing standards by a PCAOB qualified auditor (collectively, the PCAOB Financial Statements), as promptly as reasonably practicable following the date hereof, but in any event no later than May 8, 2020.

 

9.26       Extension. If either Leo or the Seller Representatives, acting reasonably and in good faith and after consultation with the other, reasonably believes that the Closing will not occur on or prior to July 31, 2020, but that the Parties are reasonably capable of causing the Closing to occur reasonably promptly thereafter, (a) Leo shall seek the approval of Leo’s shareholders (in accordance with applicable Law and the Leo Governing Documents) to extend the deadline, including by seeking a shareholder resolution to such effect, for Leo to consummate a Business Combination or Wind Up from July 31, 2020, to August 31, 2020, or such other earlier date as the Parties shall mutually agree (such date, the Extension Date) (the Extension Approval), and (b) Leo shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain the Extension Approval and shall comply with applicable Law in connection therewith.

 

9.27       Refinancing.

 

(a)        Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, during the Interim Period, Leo, the Sellers and the Company agree to cooperate in good faith and use reasonable best efforts to arrange and obtain the proceeds of the Refinancing on or prior to the Closing Date, on terms and conditions (including but not limited to pricing, interest rate floors, discounts, fees, covenants (including financial maintenance covenants), prepayments or redemption premiums and events of default) that are no less favorable in the aggregate (as determined in the reasonable discretion of Leo and Seller Representatives) to the borrower thereunder and any of its Affiliates than those under the Current Credit Facility, including each using its reasonable best efforts to (i) enter into definitive agreements with respect to the Refinancing, subject to the conditions set forth in this Section 9.27 (any such agreements, whether or not in existence as of the date hereof,

 

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the Refinancing Documents) and (ii) in the event that all conditions to funding in the Refinancing Documents are satisfied (or waived) at or prior to the Closing, consummate the Refinancing on the Closing Date, subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the conditions contained herein (other than those conditions that by their nature are to be satisfied at the Closing, but subject to the satisfaction or waiver of those conditions).

 

(b)        In connection with the foregoing, the Company shall use, and cause its Subsidiaries to use, commercially reasonable best efforts to cause the representatives of the Company Group to provide, at the Company’s sole cost and expense, such cooperation that may be reasonably requested by Leo, the Sellers or any Financing Source in connection with the arrangement and consummation of the Refinancing, including by (i) using commercially reasonable best efforts to make the applicable representatives of each member of the Company Group available to participate in a reasonable number of meetings, presentations, road shows, due diligence sessions, drafting sessions and sessions with prospective lenders and their respective advisors at times and locations to be mutually agreed upon reasonable advance notice and during normal business hours, (ii) furnishing, as promptly as reasonably practicable after request, customary financial and other pertinent information regarding the Company Group, (iii) assisting in the timely preparation of any lender presentations, private placement memoranda, bank information memoranda, business projections, ratings agency presentations, customary and reasonably available marketing materials and other information to be used in connection with the syndication of the Refinancing (including providing customary executed authorization and management representation letters), (iv) executing and delivering or helping to procure any credit agreements, hedging arrangements, notes, mortgages, pledge and security documents, landlord waivers, estoppels, consents, and approvals and other definitive financing documents or other requested certificates or documents (including solvency certificates to the extent required) to be delivered in connection with the closing of the Refinancing (in each case, subject to and only effective upon the occurrence of the Closing), (v) using commercially reasonable best efforts to ensure that any syndication efforts benefit from the Company’s existing lending and investment banking relationships, (vi) reasonably cooperating with the Financing Sources in connection with their evaluation of the Company Group’s current assets, cash management and accounting systems, and policies and procedures relating thereto for the purpose of establishing collateral arrangements, and to the extent reasonably required in connection with the Refinancing, establishing bank and other accounts and blocked account agreements and lock box arrangements in connection with the foregoing (it being understood that no such agreements or arrangements will become effective prior to the occurrence of the Closing), (vii) requesting customary payoff letters, lien terminations and instruments of discharge, to be delivered on the Closing Date, for all indebtedness under the Current Credit Facility to be paid off, discharged and terminated on the Closing Date, (viii) providing all customary documentation and other information about each of the members of the Company Group and each of their respective representatives as requested in writing at least ten (10) Business Days prior to the Closing Date in connection with the Refinancing and required under applicable “know your customer” and anti-money-laundering rules and regulations within the time periods reasonably requested by any Financing Source and (ix) taking all actions reasonably necessary or reasonably requested by Leo, Sellers or any Financing Source, subject to the occurrence of the Closing, necessary to permit the consummation of the Refinancing and to obtain the proceeds thereof, including taking all required corporate action to authorize the Refinancing on the Closing Date (it being understood that no such corporate action will become effective prior to the occurrence of the

 

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Closing). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, none of the Company, any other member of the Company Group or any of their representatives shall be required to provide any such cooperation if doing so (A) would, in the good faith determination of the Company, unreasonably interfere with the ongoing business of the Company or any other member of the Company Group, (B) would violate any material Contract or Law to which the Company, any other member of the Company Group or any of their respective Affiliates is a party or is subject or (C) could, in the good faith determination of the Company and upon the advice of counsel, result in the loss of the ability to successfully assert attorney-client and work product privileges.

 

(c)        Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 9.27 or this Agreement, (i) the consummation of the Refinancing shall not be a condition to the Closing and (ii) except for an Intentional Breach of this Section 9.27, this Section 9.27 shall not be taken into account for any purposes of determining satisfaction of the condition to Closing set forth in Section 10.3(c).

 

Article X

CONDITIONS PRECEDENT

 

10.1       Conditions to Each Party’s Obligations. The respective obligations of each Party to effect the Closing are subject to the satisfaction or written waiver, in whole or in part, to the extent such conditions can be waived (to the extent permitted by applicable Law) prior to the Closing of the following conditions:

 

(a)        Regulatory Approvals. The required waiting period (including any extension thereof) applicable to this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby under the HSR Act shall have expired or been terminated.

 

(b)        No Injunctions or Restraints. No applicable Law preventing the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby shall be in effect.

 

(c)        Surrender of Class B Shares and Waiver of Conversion Rights. In accordance with the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement, the surrender of the Surrendered Shares and Surrendered Warrants (and the waiver of the Class B Share Conversion Rights) shall have been consummated.

 

(d)        Leo Required Shareholder Approvals. The Leo Required Shareholder Approvals shall have been obtained.

 

(e)        Domestication. The Domestication shall have been consummated.

 

(f)         PIPE Investment. The PIPE Investment shall have been consummated materially in accordance with the terms set forth in the applicable Subscription Agreements.

 

10.2       Conditions to Obligations of Leo. The obligations of Leo to consummate the Closing are subject to the satisfaction (or written waiver by Leo, in whole or in part, to the extent such conditions can be waived) at or prior to the Closing of the following conditions:

 

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(a)        Representations and Warranties of the Sellers. (i) The representations and warranties of each Seller set forth in Section 4.1(a), Section 4.2 (except for errors which are de minimis in aggregate) and Section 4.3 shall be true and correct in all respects as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date (other than any representation or warranty that expressly relates to a specific date, which representation and warranty shall be so true and correct on the date so specified), and (ii) the other representations and warranties of each Seller set forth in Article IV shall be true and correct (without giving effect to any limitation as to “materiality” or “Material Adverse Effect” or similar qualifier) as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date (other than any representation or warranty that expressly relates to a specific date, which representation and warranty shall be so true and correct on the date so specified), except, in the case of this clause (ii), where the failure of such representations and warranties to be so true and correct would not have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(b)        Representations and Warranties of the Company. (i) The representations and warranties of the Company set forth in Section 5.1(a), Section 5.2(a), Section 5.2(c) (except for errors which are de minimis in aggregate), Section 5.2(e), Section 5.3 and Section 5.19 shall be true and correct in all respects as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date (other than any representation or warranty that expressly relates to a specific date, which representation and warranty shall be so true and correct on the date so specified), (ii) the representations and warranties of the Company set forth in Section 5.2(b) shall be true and correct in all material respects as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date and (iii) the other representations and warranties of each Company set forth in Article V shall be true and correct (without giving effect to any limitation as to “materiality” or “Material Adverse Effect” or similar qualifier) as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date (other than any representation or warranty that expressly relates to a specific date, which representation and warranty shall be so true and correct on the date so specified), except, in the case of this clause (ii), where the failure of such representations and warranties to be so true and correct would not have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(c)        Representations and Warranties of Blocker Corp. (i) The representations and warranties of Blocker Corp set forth in Section 6.1(a), Section 6.2(a), Section 6.2(c) Section 6.2(e) (except for errors which are de minimis in aggregate), Section 6.2(g), Section 6.3 and Section 6.4 shall be true and correct in all respects as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date (other than any representation or warranty that expressly relates to a specific date, which representation and warranty shall be so true and correct on the date so specified), and (ii) the other representations and warranties of Blocker Corp set forth in Article VI shall be true and correct (without giving effect to any limitation as to “materiality” or “Material Adverse Effect” or similar qualifier) as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date (other than any representation or warranty that expressly relates to a specific date, which representation and warranty shall be so true and correct on the date so specified), except, in the case of this clause (ii), where the failure of such representations and warranties to be so true and correct would not have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(d)        Performance of Obligations of the Company, Blocker Corp and the Sellers. The Company, Blocker Corp and the Sellers shall have performed or complied in all material respects with all obligations and covenants required by this Agreement to be performed or complied with by the Company, Blocker Corp or the Seller prior to the Closing.

 

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(e)        No Material Adverse Effect. From the date of this Agreement, there shall not have occurred any Material Adverse Effect.

 

(f)         Net Tangible Assets. Leo shall have at least $5,000,001 of net tangible assets (as determined in accordance with Rule 3a51-1(g)(1) of the Exchange Act) remaining after the Closing.

 

10.3       Conditions to the Obligations of the Sellers and the Company. The obligations of the Sellers, the Company and Blocker Corp to consummate the Closing are subject to the satisfaction (or written waiver by the Seller Representatives, in whole or in part, to the extent such conditions can be waived) at or prior to the Closing of the following conditions:

 

(a)        Representations and Warranties of Leo. (i) The representations and warranties of Leo set forth in Section 7.1(a), Section 7.2 (except for errors which are de minimis in aggregate), Section 7.3 and Section 7.20 shall be true and correct in all respects as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date (other than any representation or warranty that expressly relates to a specific date, which representation and warranty shall be so true and correct on the date so specified) and (ii) the other representations and warranties of Leo set forth in Article VII of this Agreement shall be true and correct (without giving effect to any limitation as to “materiality,” “Material Adverse Effect on Leo” or similar qualifier) as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date (other than any representation or warranty that expressly relates to a specific date, which representation and warranty shall be so true and correct on the date so specified), except in the case of this clause (ii), where the failure of such representations and warranties to be so true and correct would not have a Material Adverse Effect on Leo.

 

(b)        Representations and Warranties of Sponsor. (i) The representations and warranties of Sponsor set forth in Section 8.1(a), Section 8.2 and Section 8.3 shall be true and correct in all respects as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date (other than any representation or warranty that expressly relates to a specific date, which representation and warranty shall be so true and correct on the date so specified), and (ii) the other representations and warranties of Sponsor set forth in Article VIII shall be true and correct (without giving effect to any limitation as to “materiality” or “Material Adverse Effect on Sponsor” or similar qualifier) as of the Closing Date as though made on and as of the Closing Date (other than any representation or warranty that expressly relates to a specific date, which representation and warranty shall be so true and correct on the date so specified), except, in the case of this clause (ii), where the failure of such representations and warranties to be so true and correct would not have a Material Adverse Effect on Sponsor.

 

(c)        Performance of Obligations of Leo and Sponsor. Leo and Sponsor shall have performed or complied in all respects with all obligations and covenants required by this Agreement to be performed or complied with by Leo or Sponsor prior to the Closing.

 

(d)        Trust Account and Proceeds. At the Closing, the Cash Proceeds shall equal no less than $200,000,000.

 

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(e)        Surrendered Shares and Surrendered Warrants. The transactions contemplated by the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement shall have been consummated.

 

(f)         Listing of Stock Consideration. The Closing Shares shall have been approved for listing on the NYSE and such approval shall not be subject to any conditions or any plan of compliance to which the Surviving Company would be subject after the Closing.

 

(g)        Trust Account. (i) Leo shall have made all necessary arrangements with the Trustee to cause the Trustee to disburse all of the funds contained in the Trust Account available to Leo to be released to Leo at the Closing; (ii) all of such funds in the Trust Account available to Leo shall be released to Leo for the payments contemplated by Section 3.2(c)(i)(A), the payment of the Transaction Costs pursuant to Section 3.2(e) and Section 9.5 and the payment contemplated by Section 3.2(e); and (iii) there shall be no Action pending or threatened by any Person (not including the Seller and its Affiliates) with respect to or against the Trust Account that would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect on Leo’s ability to perform its obligations hereunder.

 

Article XI

TERMINATION

 

11.1       Termination.

 

(a)         This Agreement may be terminated at any time prior to the Closing:

 

(i)         by mutual written consent of the Seller Representatives and Leo;

 

(ii)        by either the Seller Representatives or Leo, if the Closing does not occur prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on July 31, 2020 (the Outside Date); provided that the Outside Date automatically shall be extended to the Extension Date, if, as of 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on July 31, 2020 (A) all of the conditions in Article X have been satisfied or duly waived by all Parties entitled to the benefit thereof (except for (1) any condition set forth in Section 10.1(d), Section 10.1(e), Section 10.1(f) or Section 10.3(e) and (2) any other condition that by its nature is to be satisfied at the Closing (provided that such condition would be capable of being satisfied if the Closing Date were July 31, 2020)), (B) each of the Subscription Agreements shall have been amended such that such Subscription Agreement shall be in full force and effect through, and the applicable PIPE Investor shall be obligated to consummate the transactions contemplated thereby if the Closing occurs on or prior to (and otherwise on the same terms and conditions thereof as in effect on the date hereof), the Extension Date, (C) the Extension Approval shall have been obtained and (D) immediately following such Extension Approval, after giving effect to the redemptions to which each holder of Leo Common Stock is entitled under the Leo Governing Documents, there shall be no less than 10,000,000 Class A Ordinary Shares issued and outstanding; provided that no Party shall be permitted to terminate this Agreement under this Section 11.1(a)(ii) if such terminating Party’s failure to comply with its obligations under this Agreement in any material respect which has resulted in the failure to satisfy a condition set forth in Article X;

 

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(iii)       by Leo, upon written notice to the Seller Representatives, if any of the Company, the Sellers or Blocker Corp breaches or fails to perform in any material respect any of its representations, warranties or covenants set forth in this Agreement and such breach or failure to perform (A) would give rise to the failure of a condition set forth in Section 10.1 or Section 10.2, (B) cannot be or has not been cured within thirty (30) days following delivery by Leo of written notice to the Seller Representatives (or such lesser period remaining prior to the date that is one (1) day prior to the Outside Date) of such breach or failure to perform and (C) has not been waived by Leo; provided that Leo shall not be entitled to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 11.1(a)(iii) if, at the time of such termination, Leo is in breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or other agreement contained in this Agreement in a manner such that the conditions to Closing set forth in Section 10.1 or Section 10.3, as applicable, would not have been satisfied;

 

(iv)       by the Seller Representatives, upon written notice to Leo, if Leo or Sponsor breaches or fails to perform in any respect any of its representations, warranties or covenants set forth in this Agreement and such breach or failure to perform (A) would give rise to the failure of a condition set forth in Section 10.1 or Section 10.3, (B) cannot be or has not been cured within thirty (30) days following delivery by the Seller Representatives of written notice to Leo (or such lesser period remaining prior to the date that is one (1) day prior to the Outside Date) of such breach or failure to perform and (C) has not been waived by the Seller Representatives; provided that the Seller Representatives shall not be entitled to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 11.1(a)(iv) if, at the time of such termination, any Seller, Blocker Corp or the Company is in breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or other agreement contained in this Agreement in a manner such that the conditions to Closing set forth in Section 10.1 or Section 10.2 as applicable, would not have been satisfied;

 

(v)        by either Leo or the Seller Representatives if there shall be in effect a final non-appealable Law preventing the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby;

 

(vi)       by Leo, if the Company Member Consent is not delivered to it by 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the day after the date hereof; provided, however, that Leo shall not have the right to terminate this Agreement under this Section 11.1(a)(vi) following delivery of the Company Member Consent; or

 

(vii)      by the Seller Representatives or Leo, if Leo Required Shareholder Approvals are not granted at the Leo Shareholders Meeting.

 

(b)        This Agreement may be terminated only under Section 11.1(a). In order to terminate this Agreement under Section 11.1(a), other than under Section 11.1(a)(i), the Party desiring to terminate this Agreement shall give notice to Leo (if the terminating Parties are the Seller Representatives) or the Seller Representatives (if the terminating Party is Leo) under Section 12.3, specifying the provision hereof under which such termination is effected.

 

11.2       Effect of Termination. If this Agreement is terminated as described in Section 11.1, this Agreement shall become null and void and of no further force and effect, without any continuing liability or obligation hereunder of any Party, except that (a) this

 

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Section 11.2 and Section 9.3(a), Section 9.5(a), Section 9.8, Section 9.21 and Article XII (and any corresponding definitions set forth in Annex I) shall survive such termination in full force and effect and (b) nothing in this Section 11.2 shall be deemed to release any Party from any liability for any Intentional Breach by such Party prior to such termination.

 

Article XII

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

12.1       Seller Representatives.

 

(a)        (i) Prism shall act as its own representative and exclusive agent hereunder (in such capacity, Seller Representative 2 and, together with Clairvest, Seller Representatives), (ii) Clairvest Direct Seller, Blocker Sellers and Blocker Corp hereby appoint, authorize and empower Clairvest to act as representative, exclusive agent and attorney-in-fact for the benefit of Clairvest Direct Seller, Blocker Sellers and, prior to the Closing, Blocker Corp in connection with, and to facilitate the consummation of, the transactions contemplated hereby, and (iii) the Company hereby appoints, authorizes and empowers the Seller Representatives to act, prior to the Closing, as joint representatives, joint exclusive agents and joint attorneys-in-fact for the benefit of the Company in connection with, and to facilitate the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby, in each case, which shall include the power and authority:

 

(i)         to execute and deliver any Related Document (with such modifications or changes therein as to which the Seller Representatives, in their sole discretion, shall have consented) and to agree to such amendments or modifications thereto as the Seller Representatives, in their sole discretion, determine to be desirable;

 

(ii)        to execute and deliver such waivers and consents in connection with this Agreement and any Related Document as the Seller Representatives, in their sole discretion, may deem necessary or desirable;

 

(iii)       to enforce and protect the rights and interests of the Sellers and, prior to the Closing, the Company and Blocker Corp and to enforce and protect the rights and interests of the Seller Representatives under or relating to this Agreement and any Related Document, and to take any and all actions that the Seller Representatives believe are necessary or appropriate hereunder for and on behalf of the Sellers and, prior to the Closing, the Company and Blocker Corp, including asserting or pursuing any Action against Leo or its Representatives, in each case, to the extent such Actions are permitted hereunder, compromising or settling any such Actions, conducting negotiations with Leo and its Representatives regarding such Actions and, in connection therewith, to (A) assert or institute any Action, (B) investigate, defend, contest or litigate any Action initiated by a Party, its Affiliates or any other Person, or by any federal, state or local Governmental Authority against the Seller Representatives, any of the Sellers and, prior to the Closing, the Company and Blocker Corp, and receive process on behalf of any of the Sellers and, prior to the Closing, the Company and Blocker Corp in any such Action or investigation and compromise or settle on such terms as the Seller Representatives shall determine to be appropriate, and give receipts, releases and discharges related to, any such Action or investigation, (C) file any proofs of debt, claims and petitions as the Seller

 

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Representatives may deem advisable or necessary and (D) file and prosecute appeals from any Order rendered in any such Action or investigation, it being understood that the Seller Representatives shall not have any obligation to take any such actions and shall not have any liability for any failure to take any such actions;

 

(iv)       to refrain from enforcing any right of any of the Sellers, the Seller Representatives or, prior to the Closing, the Company and Blocker Corp or under or relating to this Agreement or any Related Document; provided, however, that no such failure to act on the part of the Seller Representatives, except as otherwise provided herein, shall be deemed a waiver of any such right or interest by the Seller Representatives or the Sellers or, prior to the Closing, the Company and Blocker Corp unless such waiver is made under Section 12.10; and

 

(v)        to make, execute, acknowledge and deliver all such other Contracts, agreements, guarantees, orders, receipts, endorsements, notices, requests, instructions, certificates, stock powers, letters and other writings, and, in general, to do any and all things and to take any and all action that the Seller Representatives, in its sole and absolute discretion, may consider necessary or proper or convenient in connection with or to carry out the transactions contemplated hereby or any Related Document.

 

(b)        the Seller Representatives shall be entitled to reimbursement from each Seller for such Seller’s Company Pro Rata Portion of the Seller Representatives’ out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred as the Seller Representatives. In connection with this Agreement and any Related Document, and in exercising or failing to exercise all or any of the powers conferred on the Seller Representatives hereunder, the Seller Representatives shall incur no responsibility or liability whatsoever to any of the Sellers, the Company or Blocker Corp by reason of any error in judgment or other act or omission performed or omitted hereunder or any Related Document. Clairvest Direct Seller and Blocker Sellers shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless Clairvest, severally and not jointly and pro rata based on their respective Company Pro Rata Portion, from and against any and all losses, liabilities, damages, claims, penalties, fines, forfeitures, actions, fees, costs and expenses (including the fees and expenses of counsel and experts and their staffs and all expense of document location, duplication and shipment) (collectively, Representative Losses) related to Clairvest’s execution and delivery of, performance of its covenants and agreements under or the exercise of its rights or duties hereunder and any agreements ancillary hereto, in each case, as such Representative Loss is suffered or incurred. In no event shall Clairvest be required to advance its own funds on behalf of Clairvest Direct Seller, Blocker Sellers, the Company or Blocker Corp.

 

(c)        Leo shall have the right to rely upon all actions taken or omitted to be taken by the Seller Representatives pursuant hereto or any Related Document and all such actions or omissions shall be legally binding on the Sellers and, prior to the Closing, the Company and Blocker Corp.

 

(d)        The grant of authority to the Seller Representatives hereunder (i) is coupled with an interest and shall be irrevocable and survive bankruptcy or liquidation of any Seller, the Company or Blocker Corp and (ii) shall survive the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

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(e)        Any decision or act, or the exercise of any right or consent, hereunder that is permitted or required to be made by the Seller Representatives shall be made or exercised only upon the mutual agreement of Clairvest and Seller Representative 2, and any notice required to be delivered to the Seller Representatives shall be delivered to each of Clairvest and Seller Representative 2.

 

12.2       Survival. The representations and warranties and the covenants to be performed at or prior to the Closing, in each case, set forth in this Agreement, any Related Document or in any document delivered in connection herewith or therewith shall terminate and be of no further force and effect, and no Party shall have any claim, cause of action, liability or obligation with respect thereto, from and after the Closing; provided that, for the avoidance of doubt, all covenants or agreements of the Parties that by their terms require performance after the Closing shall survive the Closing in accordance with their terms.

 

12.3       Notices. All notices or other communications required or permitted to be given hereunder shall be in writing and shall be delivered by hand or electronic mail or postage prepaid mail (registered or certified) or nationally recognized overnight courier service and shall be deemed given when so delivered by hand or electronic mail, or if mailed, three (3) days after mailing (one Business Day in the case of overnight courier service), as follows:

 

(a)          if to Leo or Sponsor to:

 

Leo Holdings Corp.
21 Grosvenor Place
London, SW1X 7HF
United Kingdom 

 

Email:

brown@lioncapital.com

 

Attention:

Simon Brown, Secretary

 

with copies (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Kirkland & Ellis LLP
601 Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10022 

 

Email:

christian.nagler@kirkland.com

 

 

peter.seligson@kirkland.com

 

Attention:

Christian O. Nagler

 

 

Peter S. Seligson

 

and

 

Kirkland & Ellis LLP
2049 Century Park East, 37th Floor
Los Angeles, CA 90067 

 

Email:

damon.fisher@kirkland.com

 

 

jennifer.yapp@kirkland.com

 

Attention:

Damon R. Fisher, P.C.

 

 

Jennifer Yapp

 

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(b)          if, prior to the Closing, to the Company or Prism, to:

 

Digital Media Solutions Holdings, LLC
4800 140th Avenue N., Suite 101
Clearwater, FL 33762 

 

Email:

rfoster@thedmsgrp.com

 

Attention:

Ryan Foster

 

and

 

Data Prism, LLC
c/o Digital Media Solutions Holdings, LLC
4800 140th Avenue N., Suite 101
Clearwater, FL 33762

 

 

Email:

jmarinucci@thedmsgrp.com

 

Attention:

Joe Marinucci

 

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP
1440 New York Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20005 

 

Email:

katherine.ashley@skadden.com

 

 

micah.kegley@skadden.com

 

Attention:

Katherine D. Ashley

 

 

Micah R. Kegley

 

(c)          if, prior to the Closing, to Clairvest Direct Seller, Blocker Sellers, Blocker Corp or Clairvest, to:

 

Clairvest GP Manageco Inc.
22 St. Clair Avenue East, Suite 1700
Toronto, ON M4T 2S3 

 

Email:

jmiller@clairvest.com

 

Attention:

James H. Miller

 

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP
1440 New York Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20005

 

 

Email:

katherine.ashley@skadden.com

 

 

micah.kegley@skadden.com

 

Attention:

Katherine D. Ashley

 

 

Micah R. Kegley

 

12.4       Severability. It is the desire and intent of the Parties that the provisions of this Agreement be enforced to the fullest extent permissible under the Laws and public policies

 

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applied in each jurisdiction in which enforcement is sought. Accordingly, if any particular provision of this Agreement shall be adjudicated by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, prohibited or unenforceable for any reason, such provision, as to such jurisdiction, shall be ineffective, without invalidating the remaining provisions of this Agreement or affecting the validity or enforceability of this Agreement or affecting the validity or enforceability of such provision in any other jurisdiction. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if such provision could be more narrowly drawn so as not to be invalid, prohibited or unenforceable in such jurisdiction, it shall, as to such jurisdiction, be so narrowly drawn, without invalidating the remaining provisions of this Agreement or affecting the validity or enforceability of such provision in any other jurisdiction.

 

12.5       Specific Performance. The Parties agree that irreparable damage would occur in the event that any of the provisions of this Agreement were not performed in accordance with their specific terms or were otherwise breached. It is accordingly agreed that the Parties shall be entitled to an injunction or injunctions to prevent breaches of this Agreement and the Related Documents and to enforce specifically the terms and provisions of this Agreement and the Related Documents.

 

12.6       Entire Agreement. This Agreement, the Related Documents and the Confidentiality Agreement (including the Exhibits and Schedules hereto and thereto) contain the entire agreement and understanding between the Parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and supersede all prior agreements and understandings relating to such subject matter. No Party shall be liable or bound to any other Party in any manner by any representations, warranties or covenants relating to such subject matter except as specifically set forth herein or in the Related Documents or the Confidentiality Agreement.

 

12.7       Assignment. This Agreement and the rights and obligations hereunder shall not be assignable or transferable by any of the Parties, in whole or in part (including by operation of law in connection with a merger or consolidation or conversion of Leo, other than the Domestication), without the prior written consent of the other Parties, which any such Party may withhold in its absolute discretion; provided that the consent of the Seller Representatives shall be on behalf of the Sellers pursuant to Section 12.1.

 

12.8       No Third-Party Beneficiaries. Except as set forth in the last sentence of this Section 12.8 and Section 12.2, this Agreement is for the sole benefit of the Parties and their respective successors and permitted assigns and nothing in this Agreement expressed or implied shall give or be construed to give to any Person, other than the Parties and such successors and permitted assigns, any legal or equitable rights under this Agreement. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in this Agreement, (a) each of the Related Parties shall be a third-party beneficiary of the provisions set forth in Section 12.13 and (b) if the Closing occurs, (i) each of the D&O Indemnified Persons shall be a third-party beneficiary of the provisions set forth in Section 9.9 and (ii) the Seller’s and the Company’s Representatives shall be third-party beneficiaries of the last sentence of Section 9.5(a).

 

12.9       Amendment. This Agreement may be amended by the Parties at any time before the Closing, by an instrument in writing signed on behalf of each Party, and any purported amendment, modification or supplement by any of the Parties in any manner that does not

 

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comply with this Section 12.9 shall be void and of no force and effect; provided that the signature of the Seller Representatives shall be on behalf of the Sellers pursuant to Section 12.1

 

12.10     Waiver. No provision of this Agreement may be waived unless such waiver is in writing and signed by the Party or Parties against whom such waiver is to be effective; provided that the signature of the Seller Representatives shall be on behalf of the Sellers pursuant to Section 12.1. No failure or delay of any Party in exercising any right or remedy hereunder shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any such right or power, or any abandonment or discontinuance of steps to enforce such right or power, or any course of conduct, preclude any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right or power. The rights and remedies of the Parties hereunder are cumulative and are not exclusive of any rights or remedies that they would otherwise have hereunder.

 

12.11     Governing Law; Jurisdiction.

 

(a)        This Agreement and all disputes, claims or controversies relating to, arising out of, or in connection with this Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the internal Laws of the State of Delaware applicable to contracts executed in and to be performed in the State of Delaware, without giving effect to any choice of Law or conflict of Laws rules or provisions (whether of the State of Delaware or any other jurisdiction) that would cause the application of the Laws of any jurisdiction other than the State of Delaware.

 

(b)        Each Party irrevocably agrees that any Action arising out of or relating to this Agreement brought by the other Party or its successors or assigns shall be brought and determined in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware (or, solely if such courts decline jurisdiction, in any federal court located in the State of Delaware), and each Party hereby irrevocably submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the aforesaid courts for itself and with respect to its property, generally and unconditionally, with regard to any such Action arising out of or relating to this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby. Each Party agrees not to commence any Action relating thereto except in the courts described above in Delaware, other than actions in any court of competent jurisdiction to enforce any judgment, decree or award rendered by any such court in Delaware as described herein. Each Party further agrees that notice as provided herein shall constitute sufficient service of process and each Party further waives any argument that such service is insufficient. Each Party hereby irrevocably and unconditionally waives, and agrees not to assert, by way of motion or as a defense, counterclaim or otherwise, in any Action arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby, (i) any claim that it is not personally subject to the jurisdiction of the courts in Delaware as described herein for any reason, (ii) that it or its property is exempt or immune from the jurisdiction of any such court or from any legal process commenced in such courts (whether through service of notice, attachment prior to judgment, attachment in aid of execution of judgment, execution of judgment or otherwise) and (iii) that (A) the Action in any such court is brought in an inconvenient forum, (B) the venue of such Action is improper or (C) this Agreement, or the subject matter hereof, may not be enforced in or by such courts. Each Party agrees that a final, non-appealable judgment in any action or proceeding so brought shall be conclusive and may be enforced by suit on the judgment or in any other manner provided by Law.

 

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12.12     Waiver of Jury Trial. EACH PARTY ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT ANY CONTROVERSY WHICH MAY ARISE UNDER THIS AGREEMENT IS LIKELY TO INVOLVE COMPLICATED AND DIFFICULT ISSUES, AND THEREFORE IT HEREBY IRREVOCABLY AND UNCONDITIONALLY WAIVES, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE TO A TRIAL BY JURY IN RESPECT OF ANY LITIGATION DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT. EACH PARTY CERTIFIES AND ACKNOWLEDGES THAT (A) NO REPRESENTATIVE, AGENT OR ATTORNEY OF ANY OTHER PARTY HAS REPRESENTED, EXPRESSLY OR OTHERWISE, THAT SUCH OTHER PARTY WOULD NOT, IN THE EVENT OF LITIGATION, SEEK TO ENFORCE THE FOREGOING WAIVER, (B) IT UNDERSTANDS AND HAS CONSIDERED THE IMPLICATIONS OF SUCH WAIVER, (C) IT MAKES SUCH WAIVER VOLUNTARILY AND (D) IT HAS BEEN INDUCED TO ENTER INTO THIS AGREEMENT BY, AMONG OTHER THINGS, THE MUTUAL WAIVER AND CERTIFICATIONS IN THIS SECTION 12.12.

 

12.13     Recourse. All Actions, obligations or losses (whether in Contract, in tort, in Law or in equity, or granted by statute whether by or though attempted piercing of the corporate, limited partnership or limited liability company veil) that may be based upon, in respect of, arise under, out or by reason of, be connected with, or relate in any manner to (i) this Agreement, (ii) the negotiation, execution or performance of this Agreement (including any representation or warranty made in connection with, or as inducement to, this Agreement), (iii) any breach or violation of this Agreement and (iv) any failure of the Closing to be consummated, in each case, may be made only against (and are those solely of) the Persons that are expressly identified as Parties. In furtherance and not in limitation of the foregoing, and notwithstanding anything that may be expressed or implied in this Agreement, and notwithstanding the fact that certain of the Parties may be partnerships or limited liability companies, each Party covenants, agrees and acknowledges that no recourse under this Agreement, any Related Document or any documents or instruments delivered in connection with this Agreement or any Related Document shall be had against any Party’s Affiliates or any of such Party’s or such Parties Affiliates’ former, current or future direct or indirect equityholders, controlling persons, stockholders, directors, officers, employees, agents, members, managers, general or limited partners or assignees (each a Related Party and collectively, the Related Parties), in each case other than the Parties and each of their respective successors and permitted assignees under this Agreement (and, in the case of any Related Document, the applicable Parties thereto and each of their respective successors and permitted assigns), whether in Contract, tort, by the enforcement of any assessment or by any legal or equitable proceeding, or by virtue of any applicable Law, it being expressly agreed and acknowledged that no personal liability whatsoever shall attach to, be imposed on or otherwise be incurred by any of the Related Parties, as such, for any obligation or liability of any Party under this Agreement or any documents or instruments delivered in connection herewith for any claim based on, in respect of or by reason of such obligations or liabilities or their creation; provided, however, that nothing in this Section 12.13 shall relieve or otherwise limit the liability of any Party or any of their respective successors or permitted assigns for any breach or violation of its obligations under such agreements, documents or instruments.

 

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12.14     Limitation on Damages. No Party shall be liable for any punitive damages relating to the breach of this Agreement.

 

12.15     Disclosure Schedules. The information set forth in this Agreement and the Disclosure Schedules attached hereto is disclosed solely for purposes of this Agreement, and no information set forth herein or therein shall be deemed to be an admission by any Party to any Person (including any other Party) of any matter whatsoever (including any violation of Law or breach of Contract). Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement or anything to the contrary contained in the Disclosure Schedules, the information and disclosures contained in any section or subsection of the Disclosure Schedules shall be deemed to be disclosed with respect to, and qualify, any representation or warranty of the Seller or any member of the Company Group to which the relevance of such information and disclosure is reasonably apparent on the face of such disclosure. The fact that any item of information is disclosed in any section or subsection of the Disclosure Schedules shall not be construed to mean that such information is required to be disclosed by this Agreement or is material to or outside the ordinary course of the business of any Seller or any member of the Company Group. Such information and the dollar thresholds set forth herein and therein shall not be used as a basis for interpreting the terms “material,” “Material Adverse Effect,” “Material Adverse Effect on Leo,” “Material Adverse Effect on Sponsor” or other similar qualifier in this Agreement. In addition, matters reflected in any section or subsection of the Disclosure Schedules are not necessarily limited to matters required by this Agreement to be reflected in the Disclosure Schedules. Such additional matters are set forth for informational purposes only and do not necessarily include other matters of a similar nature.

 

12.16     Interpretation. The headings set forth in this Agreement, in any Exhibit or Schedules hereto and in the table of contents to this Agreement are for reference purposes only and shall not affect in any way the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement. Except when the context requires otherwise, any reference in this Agreement to any Article, Section, clause, Schedule or Exhibit shall be to the Articles, Sections and clauses of, and Schedules and Exhibits to, this Agreement. The words “include,” “includes” and “including” are deemed to be followed by the phrase “without limitation” and the term “dollar” or “$” means lawful currency of the United States. Reference to any Person includes such Person’s successors and assigns to the extent such successors and assigns are permitted by the terms of any applicable agreement (including that any reference to Leo in the context of a period occurring after the consummation of the Domestication refers to the Surviving Company), and reference to a Person in a particular capacity excludes such Person in any other capacity or individually. Reference to any agreement (including this Agreement), document or instrument means such agreement, document or instrument as amended or modified and in effect from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof and, if applicable, the terms hereof. Reference to any Law means such Law as amended, modified, codified, replaced or re-enacted, in whole or in part, including rules, regulations, enforcement procedures and any interpretations promulgated thereunder, all as in effect on the date of this Agreement. Any reference to the masculine, feminine or neuter gender shall include such other genders and any reference to the singular or plural shall include the other, in each case unless the context otherwise requires. All Exhibits and Disclosure Schedules annexed hereto or referred to herein are hereby incorporated in and made a part of this Agreement as if set forth in full herein. The words “made available” and words of similar import refer to materials posted to the Data Room no later than 5:30 p.m. New York City time on April 22, 2020; provided that any

 

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such material that is subject to privilege or confidentiality restrictions has not been uploaded to the Data Room, but has been physically provided to Leo’s counsel prior to the date of this Agreement.

 

12.17     No Presumption Against Drafting Party. Each of the Parties acknowledges that it has been represented by counsel in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby. Accordingly, any rule of law or any legal decision that would require interpretation of any claimed ambiguities in this Agreement against the drafting Party has no application and is expressly waived.

 

12.18     Company and the Seller Privilege. Sellers have advised Leo that Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP (Skadden) has represented both the Company and the Sellers prior to the Closing with respect to the transactions contemplated hereby (the Pre-Closing Engagement), and, recognizing that the Sellers intend to engage Skadden to act as legal counsel to the Sellers and their Affiliates after the Closing, Leo hereby waives, on its own behalf, and agrees to cause its Affiliates (including, to the extent permissible, the Surviving Company after the Closing), to waive any conflict of interest that may arise in connection with Skadden representing the Sellers or any of their respective Affiliates after the Closing as it relates to the Pre-Closing Engagement. In light of the foregoing and subject to the following sentence, the Parties agree that any attorney-client privilege or attorney work-product to the extent recognized as such under applicable Law with respect to the Pre-Closing Engagement and all information and documents to the extent covered by such privilege or protection under applicable Law and all confidential communications solely between and documents solely exchanged by the Company Group, the Sellers, their respective Affiliates, on one hand, and Skadden, on the other hand, with respect to the Pre-Closing Engagement (the Privileged Communications) shall belong to and be controlled by the Sellers (and not the Company Group) and may be waived only by the Sellers (and not the Company Group) and shall not pass to or be claimed or used by Leo, the Surviving Company or any of their respective Affiliates after the Closing. Accordingly, the Company Group shall not, without the Sellers’ consent, have access to the files of Skadden relating to the Pre-Closing Engagement to the extent they constitute Privileged Communications. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, upon and after the Closing, (a) the Sellers and their respective Affiliates (and not the Company Group) shall be the sole holders of the Privileged Communications with respect to the Pre-Closing Engagement, and no member of the Company Group shall be a holder thereof, (b) to the extent that files of Skadden in respect of the Pre-Closing Engagement constitute property of the Sellers or Privileged Communications, only the Sellers and their Affiliates (and not the Company Group) shall hold such property rights and (c) Skadden shall have no duty whatsoever to reveal or disclose any such Privileged Communications to any of the Company Group by reason of any attorney-client relationship between Skadden and the Company Group or otherwise. Skadden shall not disclose any Privileged Communications to any third parties (other than representatives, accountants and advisors of the Sellers and their respective Affiliates; provided that such representatives, accountants and advisors are instructed to maintain the confidence of the Privileged Communications).

 

12.19     Execution of Agreement. This Agreement may be executed in one (1) or more counterparts, all of which shall be considered one (1) and the same agreement, and shall become effective when one (1) or more such counterparts have been signed by each of the Parties and

 

delivered to the other Party. Facsimile or electronic mail transmission of counterpart signatures to this Agreement shall be acceptable and binding.

 

* * * *

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Parties have duly executed this Business Combination Agreement as of the date first written above.

 

 

LEO HOLDINGS CORP.

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Lyndon Lea 

 

 

Name:  Lyndon Lea

 

 

Title:    Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

LEO INVESTORS LIMITED PARTNERSHIP,
solely for purposes of Section 1.1,
Article VIII, Section 9.5(a) Section 9.14(f),
Section 9.14(i), Section 9.24, Article X and
Article XI

 

 

 

 

By:

Leo Investors General Partner Limited

 

Its:

General Partner

 

 

By:

/s/ Simon Brown 

 

 

Name:  Simon Brown

 

 

Title:    Director

 

 

 
 

 

DIGITAL MEDIA SOLUTIONS
HOLDINGS, LLC

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Joseph Marinucci

 

 

Name:  Joseph Marinucci

 

 

Title:    Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 
 

 

PRISM DATA, LLC

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Joseph Marinucci 

 

 

Name:   Joseph Marinucci

 

 

Title:     Manager

 

 

 
 

 

CEP V DMS US BLOCKER COMPANY

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ James H. Miller 

 

 

Name:  James H. Miller

 

 

Title:    Corporate Secretary

 

 

By:

/s/ B. Jeffrey Parr 

 

 

Name:   B. Jeffrey Parr

 

 

Title:     Vice-Chairman

 

 

CEP V-A DMS AIV LIMITED PARTNERSHIP

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ James H. Miller 

 

 

Name:   James H. Miller

 

 

Title:     Corporate Secretary

 

 

By:

/s/ B. Jeffrey Parr 

 

 

Name:   B. Jeffrey Parr

 

 

Title:     Vice-Chairman

 

 

CLAIRVEST EQUITY PARTNERS V LIMITED PARTNERSHIP

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ James H. Miller 

 

 

Name:   James H. Miller

 

 

Title:     Corporate Secretary

 

 

By:

/s/ B. Jeffrey Parr 

 

 

Name:    B. Jeffrey Parr

 

 

Title:      Vice-Chairman

 

 

 
 

 

CEP V CO-INVESTMENT LIMITED PARTNERSHIP

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ James H. Miller 

 

 

Name:   James H. Miller

 

 

Title:     Corporate Secretary

 

 

By:

/s/ B. Jeffrey Parr 

 

 

Name:   B. Jeffrey Parr

 

 

Title:     Vice-Chairman

 

 

CLAIRVEST GP MANAGECO INC.

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ James H. Miller 

 

 

Name:    James H. Miller

 

 

Title:      Corporate Secretary

 

 

By:

/s/ B. Jeffrey Parr 

 

 

Name:    B. Jeffrey Parr

 

 

Title:      Vice-Chairman

 

 

 

 
 

ANNEX I

 

DEFINITIONS

 

1.

Certain Definitions

 

As used herein, each of the following bolded and italicized terms has the meaning specified in this Section 1 of this Annex I:

 

Action” means any action, claim, complaint, petition, suit, investigation, audit, mediation, litigation, arbitration or other proceeding by or before any Governmental Authority or arbitrator, whether civil or criminal, at law or in equity.

 

Actual Adjustment Amount” means an amount, which may be positive, zero (0) or negative, equal to the difference of (a) the Actual Closing Date Cash, minus (b) the Actual Closing Date Indebtedness.

 

Affiliate” means, with respect to a specified Person, any other Person that directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such first Person; provided, however, that Clairvest and its Affiliates (excluding members of any Company Group, but including other portfolio companies) shall be not be deemed to be Affiliates of any member of the Company Group.

 

Aggregate Closing Transaction Consideration” means an amount equal to (a) the Enterprise Value, plus (b) the Estimated Adjustment Amount, minus (c) the amount of Transaction Costs to be paid by Leo pursuant to Section 9.5(a) (which shall not exceed the Transaction Costs Cap), minus (d) the Founder Shares Value.

 

Antitrust Laws” means the Sherman Act, the Clayton Act, the Federal Trade Commission Act, all applicable foreign antitrust Laws and all other applicable Laws issued by a Governmental Authority that are designed or intended to prohibit, restrict or regulate actions having the purpose or effect of monopolization or restraint of trade or lessening of competition through merger or acquisition.

 

Approval” means any consent, approval, authorization, waiver or Permit, or expiration or termination of an applicable waiting period.

 

Balance Sheet Cash Amount” means the difference of $40,000,000 minus the Paydown Amount.

 

Balance Sheet Purposes” means working capital and general corporate purposes of the Surviving Company, including acquisitions and the paydown of any Indebtedness under the Surviving Company’s credit facilities, in each case as determined in good faith by the Surviving Company; provided that, for the avoidance of doubt, the foregoing shall not include providing liquidity to, or repurchasing equity from, any members of the Surviving Company or Blocker Corp.

 

 
 

Benefit Plans“ means each “employee benefit plan” within the meaning of Section 3(3) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (“ERISA”), and each stock purchase, stock option, phantom interest, restricted stock unit, performance stock unit, other equity or equity-based incentives, severance, employment, change-of-control, transaction or retention, bonus, incentive, deferred compensation and other benefit plan, agreement, program, policy or commitment, whether or not subject to ERISA, (a) under which any current or former director, officer, employee or natural person consultant of any member of the Company Group has any right to benefits from any member of the Company Group and (b) which is maintained, sponsored or contributed to by any member of the Company Group or to which any member of the Company Group has any liability or makes or is required to make contributions with respect to such directors, officers, employees or consultant.

 

Blocker Corp Common Stock” means the common stock, $0.01 par value, of Blocker Corp.

 

Business” means the businesses and operations of the Company Group as currently conducted.

 

Business Combination means any merger, capital stock exchange, asset, stock purchase, reorganization or other similar business combination involving Leo and one (1) or more businesses or entities.

 

Business Combination Proposal” means any offer, inquiry, proposal or indication of interest, written or oral (whether binding or non-binding and other than an offer, inquiry, proposal or indication of interest with respect to the Company), relating to a Business Combination.

 

Business Day” means any day other than (a) any Saturday or Sunday or (b) any other day on which banks located in New York, New York are required or authorized by Law to be closed for business.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents” means, as of any determination time, with respect to any Person, the aggregate amount of such Person’s and such Person’s Subsidiaries’, cash and cash equivalents (including marketable securities, investment assets (including short-term investments), cash-in-transit, checks and bank deposits) as of such time, calculated in accordance with GAAP. For the avoidance of doubt, Cash and Cash Equivalents shall (a) include any checks, drafts, wires and credit transactions deposited or made for the accounts of such Person or such Person’s Subsidiaries, but not yet reflected as available in the accounts of such Person or such Person’s Subsidiaries and (b) be reduced by the amount of any outstanding checks or debit transactions written or made against the accounts of such Person or such Person’s Subsidiaries.

 

Cash Consideration” means an amount equal to (a) the Cash Proceeds, minus (b) the amount of Transaction Costs to be paid by Leo pursuant to Section 9.5(a) (which, for the avoidance of doubt, shall not include the amount of Previously Paid Seller Transaction Costs and shall not exceed an amount equal to the difference of the Transaction Costs Cap, minus the amount of Previously Paid Seller Transaction Costs), minus (c) $40,000,000.

 

 
 

Cash Percentage” means the quotient of the Cash Consideration, divided by the Aggregate Closing Transaction Consideration.

 

Cash Proceeds” means the sum of (a) the amount of cash available in the Trust Account for distribution at the Closing, after giving effect to the redemptions to which each holder of Leo Common Stock is entitled under the Leo Governing Documents, the Surviving Company Certificate of Incorporation and the Surviving Company Bylaws, plus (b) the total aggregate proceeds of the PIPE Investments received by Leo.

 

Class A Unit“ means “Class A Unit,” as defined in the Company LLC Agreement.

 

Class B Unit“ means “Class B Unit,” as defined in the Company LLC Agreement.

 

Closing Calculation Time” means 11:59 p.m., New York City time, on the Business Day immediately prior to the Closing Date.

 

Closing Date Cash of Blocker Corp” means the Cash and Cash Equivalents of Blocker Corp as of the Closing Calculation Time.

 

Closing Date Cash of the Company Group” means the Cash and Cash Equivalents of the Company Group as of the Closing Calculation Time.

 

Closing Date Indebtedness of Blocker Corp” means the sum of (a) the Indebtedness of Blocker Corp as of the Closing Calculation Time, plus (b) the Unpaid Taxes of Blocker Corp.

 

Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group” means the sum of (a) the Indebtedness of the Company Group as of the Closing Calculation Time, plus (b) the Unpaid Taxes of the Company Group.

 

Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

 

Company Disclosure Schedules” means the disclosure schedules of the Sellers, Blocker Corp and the Company delivered to Leo in connection with this Agreement.

 

Company Group” means the Company and the Company Subsidiaries.

 

Company LLC Agreement” means the Limited Liability Company Agreement of the Company, dated as of July 3, 2018.

 

Company Pro Rata Portion” means, with respect to each Seller, the direct or indirect ownership interest of such Seller in the Company as of immediately prior to the Closing, as set forth in the officer’s certificate delivered pursuant to Section 3.2(b)(iii); provided that Leo shall be entitled to rely on the Company Pro Rata Portion as set forth in such officer’s certificate and shall not be liable to any Seller or equityholder of the Company for the amount of any cash payment or issuance of equity hereunder made to such holder in accordance with the Company Pro Rata Portion.

 

 
 

Company Sale Bonus Plans” means the Amended and Restated Digital Media Solutions, LLC Employee Incentive Plan and Digital Media Solutions, LLC Employee Incentive Plan II, in each case, as amended from time to time.

 

Company Subsidiaries” means the Subsidiaries of the Company.

 

Contract” means any written or enforceable oral contract, agreement, franchise, license, sublicense, lease, use or occupancy agreement, sublease, sales order, purchase order, credit agreement, indenture, mortgage, note, bond or warrant (including all amendments, supplements and modifications thereto).

 

Control“ (including, with correlative meanings, “controlled by” and “under common control with”) means, with respect to any Person, the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of a Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by Contract or otherwise.

 

Disclosure Schedules” means each of the Company Disclosure Schedules and Leo Disclosure Schedules.

 

Encumbrance” means any lien, encumbrance, security interest, pledge, mortgage, easement, right-of-way, deed of trust, hypothecation or restriction on transfer of title or voting, whether imposed by Contract, understanding, Law, equity or otherwise, except for any restrictions on transfer generally arising under any applicable federal or state securities Laws, the Company LLC Agreement or the Amended Partnership Agreement.

 

Enterprise Value” means $757,000,000.

 

Equity Consideration” means a number of shares of Leo Common Stock (rounded to the nearest whole number of shares) equal to the quotient of (a) an amount equal to the difference of (i) the Aggregate Closing Transaction Consideration, minus (ii) the Cash Consideration, divided by (b) the Implied Value of Leo Common Stock.

 

Estimated Adjustment Amount” means an amount, which may be positive, zero (0) or negative, equal to the difference of (a) the Estimated Closing Date Cash, minus (b) the Estimated Closing Date Indebtedness.

 

Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 

Exhibits” means the exhibits to this Agreement.

 

Financing Sources” means the Persons that have committed or will commit to provide or have otherwise entered into agreements in connection with the Refinancing in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, and any joinder agreements, indentures or credit agreements entered into pursuant thereto, together with their Affiliates, officers, directors, employees, agents and representatives involved in the Refinancing and their successors and assigns.

 

 
 

Founder Shares” means the number of shares of Surviving Company Class A Common Stock held by Sponsor and the Leo Independent Directors as of immediately after the Closing.

 

Founder Shares Value” means an amount equal to the product of (a) the Founder Shares, multiplied by (b) the Implied Value of Leo Common Stock.

 

Fraud” means common law fraud under the Laws of the State of Delaware in the representations and warranties in Article IV, Article V, Article VI, Article VII or Article VIII; provided, however, that Fraud shall not include any equitable fraud, promissory fraud or any tort (including any claim for fraud) to the extent based on negligence or recklessness.

 

Funded Indebtedness” means the outstanding indebtedness of the Company Group under that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of July 3, 2018 (as amended by the Incremental Amendment to Credit Agreement, dated as of July 1, 2019, as further amended by the Second Incremental Amendment to Credit Agreement, dated as of November 1, 2019, as further amended by the Amendment No. 3 to Credit Agreement, dated as of January 7, 2020, and as further amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time) among the Company, Digital Media Solutions, LLC, the lenders party thereto from time to time, and Monroe Capital Management Advisors, LLC, as administrative agent.

 

GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, as in effect from time to time.

 

Governmental Authority” means any supranational, federal, state, provincial, local, county or municipal government, governmental, regulatory or administrative agency, department, court, commission, board, bureau or other authority or instrumentality, domestic or foreign or any arbitrator or arbitral panel (public or private).

 

Hazardous Substances” means (a) any substance, material or waste that is listed, classified or regulated under any Environmental Laws as a pollutant or contaminant or as hazardous or toxic, (b) any petroleum product or by-product, asbestos-containing material, lead-containing paint, polychlorinated biphenyls, per and polyfluoroalkyl substances radioactive material or radon or (c) any other substance, material or waste that may give rise to liability or for which standards of conduct may be imposed under any Environmental Laws.

 

HSR Act” means the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976.

 

Implied Value of Leo Common Stock” means $10.00.

 

Indebtedness” means, with respect to any Person as of any time of determination, without duplication, (a) all indebtedness of such Person, whether or not contingent, for borrowed money, (b) all obligations of such Person evidenced by notes, bonds, debentures or other similar debt instruments, (c) all obligations of such Person as lessee under leases that have been or should, in accordance with GAAP, recorded as financing leases, (d) all obligations, contingent or otherwise, of such Person under banker’s acceptance, letters of credit or similar arrangements, in each case, to the extent drawn, (e) all (i) unpaid bonuses, severance and obligations for deferred compensation earned for a period ending prior to January 1, 2020, and (ii) sale or transaction bonus, change of control, retention, severance or similar payments payable by any member of the

 

 
 

Company Group as a result of or in connection with the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby, including all amounts payable under the Company Sale Bonus Plans, in each case, together with the employer’s portion of any employment Taxes associated with such payments, (f) all indebtedness of other Persons referred to in clauses (a) through (c) above guaranteed by such Person through an agreement (i) to pay or purchase such indebtedness or to advance or supply funds for the payment or purchase of such indebtedness or (ii) otherwise to guarantee a creditor against loss and (g) all indebtedness referred to in clauses (a) through (f) above secured by (or for which the holder of such indebtedness has an existing right, contingent or otherwise, to be secured by) any Encumbrance on property (including account and contract rights) owned by such person, even though such Person has not assumed or become liable for payment of such Indebtedness.

 

Intellectual Property” means intellectual property rights arising anywhere in the world, including: (a) trademarks, trade names, service marks, trade dress, logos, domain names and all registrations of and applications to register any of the foregoing, including the goodwill symbolized thereby or associated therewith; (b) patents, patent applications, invention disclosures, and all reissues, divisional, renewals, extensions, provisionals, continuations and continuations-in-part thereof; (c) copyright rights and moral rights in original works of authorship, and copyright registrations and applications therefor; (d) rights in proprietary computer software, programs and applications, including source code, object code, firmware and middleware; (e) rights in data and databases; (f) rights of publicity; (g) proprietary and confidential know-how and trade secrets; (h) internet domain names and social media identifiers; and (i) the right to recover for damages and profits for past and future infringement of any part of the foregoing.

 

Intentional Breach” means a breach which has resulted from either (a) Fraud or (b) a deliberate act or failure to act with actual knowledge that the act or failure to act constituted, or would result in, a material breach of this Agreement.

 

Investment Company Act” means the Investment Company Act of 1940.

 

IPO” means Leo’s initial public offering consummated on February 15, 2018, as contemplated by the Prospectus.

 

IPO Underwriter” means Citigroup Global Markets Inc.

 

IPO Underwriter Fees” means the costs and expenses incurred by Leo and its Affiliates in connection with the IPO that are due and payable to the IPO Underwriter upon the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

Issuance Multiple” means the quotient of (a) the product of 0.51, multiplied by the Outstanding Surviving Company Class A Shares Number, divided by (b) the difference of (i) the product of the Permitted Holders Company Pro Rata Portion, multiplied by the Equity Consideration, minus (ii) the product of 0.51, multiplied by the Equity Consideration. For illustrative purposes only, if the Outstanding Surviving Company Class A Shares Number is 32,812,807, the Permitted Holders Company Pro Rata Portion is 75.9% and the Equity Consideration is 25,685,139 shares, the Issuance Multiple would be 2.62.

 

 
 

Knowledge of Leo” means the actual knowledge of Lyndon Lea and Robert Darwent, none of whom shall have any personal liability or obligations of inquiry or investigation regarding such knowledge.

 

Knowledge of the Company” means the actual knowledge of Joe Marinucci, Fernando Borghese and Randy Koubek, none of whom shall have any personal liability or obligations of inquiry or investigation regarding such knowledge.

 

Law” means any law (including common law), statute, ordinance, rule, regulation or Order issued, enacted, promulgated, entered into, agreed or imposed by any Governmental Authority.

 

Leo Common Stock” means (a) prior to the Domestication, the Class A Ordinary Shares and Class B Ordinary Shares and (b) following the Domestication, the Surviving Company Class A Common Stock, the Surviving Company Class B Common Stock and the Surviving Company Class C Common Stock.

 

Leo Disclosure Schedules” means the disclosure schedules of Leo and Sponsor delivered to the Company and the Seller Representatives in connection with this Agreement.

 

Leo Independent Directors” means Lori Bush, Robert Bensoussan and Mary Minnick.

 

Leo Legal Expenses” means the costs and expenses incurred by Leo and its Affiliates, including in connection with the extraordinary general meeting of Leo’s shareholders held on February 11, 2020 and ordinary course filings of Leo and its Affiliates with the SEC, that are due and payable to Kirkland & Ellis LLP in an amount not to exceed $3,700,000.

 

Leo Required Shareholder Approvals” means the Leo Shareholder Approvals set forth in clauses (a), (b) and (c) of the definition thereof, but in the case of such clause (c), solely to the extent related to the amendments to Leo Governing Documents to (a) increase the number of authorized shares of Leo Common Stock and (b) adopt a policy on corporate opportunities.

 

Leo Shareholder Approvals” means the approval by the affirmative vote of the holders of the requisite number of shares of Leo Common Stock, whether in person or by proxy at the Leo Shareholders Meeting (or any adjournment thereof) necessary to approve, as required by the Leo Governing Documents, Section 312 of the NYSE Listed Company Manual or other applicable Law, (a) the issuance by Leo of the shares of Leo Common Stock (including the Closing Shares) and the Seller Warrants, in each case, required hereunder to be issued in connection with transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Subscription Agreements, (b) the adoption and approval of this Agreement, the Related Documents and transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, including the Domestication (and the change of Leo’s name in connection therewith), (c) the Subscription Agreements and the amendments to Leo Governing Documents contemplated by the Domestication and the Surviving Company Certificate of Incorporation, (d) the adoption and approval of the New Option Plan, (e) the appointment of the Seller Nominees to the board of directors of the Surviving Company as of the Closing in accordance with Section 9.14(g) and (f) any other matters necessary or advisable to effect the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

 
 

Leo Shareholders Meeting” means a duly held meeting of Leo’s shareholders for the purpose of obtaining the Leo Shareholders Approvals.

 

Licensed Intellectual Property” means all material Intellectual Property related to the Business that is owned by a third party and licensed or sublicensed by any member of each Company Group.

 

Lookback Date” means the date that is three (3) years prior to the date hereof.

 

Material Adverse Effect“ means any event, change, development or effect that, individually or in the aggregate with all other events, changes, developments or effects, has had, or would reasonably be expected to have, a material adverse effect upon (a) the assets, liabilities, condition (financial or otherwise), the business or results of operations of the Company Group and Blocker Corp, taken as a whole, or (b) the ability of the Company Group and Blocker Corp, taken as a whole, to consummate the transactions contemplated hereunder in accordance with the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein; provided that the following, and any event, change, development or effect arising therefrom or related thereto, shall not be taken into account in determining whether a “Material Adverse Effect” shall have occurred:

 

(i)         any national, international or any foreign or domestic regional economic, financial, social or political conditions (including changes therein) or events in general, including the results of any primary or general elections;

 

(ii)        changes in any financial, debt, credit, capital or banking markets or conditions (including any disruption thereof);

 

(iii)       changes in interest, currency or exchange rates or the price of any commodity, security or market index;

 

(iv)       changes in legal or regulatory conditions, including changes or proposed changes in Law, GAAP or other accounting principles or requirements, or standards, interpretations or enforcement thereof;

 

(v)        changes that are generally applicable to the industries or markets in which the Company Group and Blocker Corp operates;

 

(vi)       any change in the market price or trading volume of any indebtedness of any member of the Company Group and Blocker Corp (it being understood that the underlying causes of such change may, if they are not otherwise excluded from the definition of Material Adverse Effect, be taken into account in determining whether a Material Adverse Effect has occurred);

 

(vii)      any failure of the Company Group or Blocker Corp to meet any internal or public projections, forecasts, budgets or estimates of or relating to the Company Group or Blocker Corp for any period, including with respect to revenue, earnings, cash flow or cash position (it being understood that the underlying causes of such decline or failure may, if they are not otherwise excluded from the definition of Material Adverse Effect, be taken into account in determining whether a Material Adverse Effect has occurred);

 

 
 

(viii)      the occurrence, escalation, outbreak or worsening of any hostilities, war, police action, acts of terrorism, cyberattack or military conflicts, whether or not pursuant to the declaration of an emergency or war;

 

(ix)       the existence, occurrence or continuation of any force majeure events, including any earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tropical storms, fires or other natural disasters or any national, international or regional calamity, or any epidemic, pandemic or disease outbreak (including the COVID-19 pandemic);

 

(x)        any Action required to occur pursuant this Agreement or the transactions expressly contemplated by this Agreement;

 

(xi)       the execution, announcement, performance or existence of this Agreement, in each case in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, the identity of the Parties or any of their respective Affiliates, Representatives or financing sources;

 

(xii)      the taking of any action by the Company Group or Blocker Corp expressly required by the terms of this Agreement, including the failure to take any action restricted by this Agreement (but excluding effects resulting from the Closing);

 

(xiii)      any actions taken, or not taken, with the consent, waiver or at the request of Leo or any action taken to the extent expressly permitted by this Agreement;

 

(xiv)     any actions taken by Leo or any of its Affiliates or any of their respective Representatives or financing sources after the date of this Agreement; and

 

(xv)      any matters disclosed in the Company Disclosure Schedules;

 

provided, however, that, with respect to each of clauses (i) through (v) and (ix) above, any event, development, occurrence, fact, condition, or change referred to above shall be taken into account in determining whether a Material Adverse Effect has occurred or would reasonably be expected to occur to the extent that such event, development, occurrence, fact, condition, or change has a disproportionate effect on the Company Group and Blocker Corp compared to other participants in the industries in which the Company Group and Blocker Corp primarily conducts its Business.

 

Material Adverse Effect on Leo“ means any event, change, development or effect that, individually or in the aggregate with all other events, changes, developments or effects, has had, or would reasonably be expected to have, a material adverse effect upon (a) the assets, liabilities, condition (financial or otherwise), the business or results of operations of Leo, or (b) the ability of Leo to consummate the transactions contemplated hereunder in accordance with the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein; provided that the following, and any event, change, development or effect arising therefrom or related thereto, shall not be taken into account in determining whether a “Material Adverse Effect on Leo” shall have occurred:

 

(i)         any national, international or any foreign or domestic regional economic, financial, social or political conditions (including changes therein) or events in general, including the results of any primary or general elections;

 

 
 

(ii)        changes in any financial, debt, credit, capital or banking markets or conditions (including any disruption thereof);

 

(iii)       changes in interest, currency or exchange rates or the price of any commodity, security or market index;

 

(iv)       changes in legal or regulatory conditions, including changes or proposed changes in Law, GAAP or other accounting principles or requirements, or standards, interpretations or enforcement thereof;

 

(v)        the occurrence, escalation, outbreak or worsening of any hostilities, war, police action, acts of terrorism, cyberattack or military conflicts, whether or not pursuant to the declaration of an emergency or war;

 

(vi)       the existence, occurrence or continuation of any force majeure events, including any earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tropical storms, fires or other natural disasters or any national, international or regional calamity, or any epidemic, pandemic or disease outbreak (including the COVID-19 pandemic);

 

(vii)      any Action required to occur pursuant this Agreement or the transactions expressly contemplated by this Agreement;

 

(viii)      the execution, announcement, performance or existence of this Agreement, in each case in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, the identity of the Parties or any of its Affiliates, Representatives or financing sources;

 

(ix)       the taking of any action by Leo expressly required by the terms of this Agreement, including the failure to take any action restricted by this Agreement (but excluding effects resulting from the Closing);

 

(x)        any actions taken, or not taken, with the consent, waiver or at the request of the Seller Representatives, the Company or Blocker Corp or any action taken to the extent expressly permitted by this Agreement;

 

(xi)       any actions taken by the Sellers, Blocker Corp, the Company or any of their respective Affiliates or any of their respective Representatives or financing sources after the date of this Agreement; and

 

(xii)      any matters disclosed in the Leo Disclosure Schedules;

 

provided, however, that, with respect to each of clauses (i) through (iv) and (vi) above, any event, development, occurrence, fact, condition, or change referred to above shall be taken into account in determining whether a Material Adverse Effect on Leo has occurred or would reasonably be expected to occur to the extent that such event, development, occurrence, fact, condition, or change has a disproportionate effect on Leo compared to other participants in the industries in which Leo primarily conducts their respective businesses.

 

 
 

Material Adverse Effect on Sponsor“ means any event, change, development or effect that, individually or in the aggregate with all other events, changes, developments or effects, has had, or would reasonably be expected to have, a material adverse effect upon (a) the assets, liabilities, condition (financial or otherwise), the business or results of operations of Sponsor, or (b) the ability of Sponsor to consummate the transactions contemplated hereunder in accordance with the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein; provided that the following, and any event, change, development or effect arising therefrom or related thereto, shall not be taken into account in determining whether a “Material Adverse Effect on Sponsor” shall have occurred:

 

(i)         any national, international or any foreign or domestic regional economic, financial, social or political conditions (including changes therein) or events in general, including the results of any primary or general elections;

 

(ii)        changes in any financial, debt, credit, capital or banking markets or conditions (including any disruption thereof);

 

(iii)       changes in interest, currency or exchange rates or the price of any commodity, security or market index;

 

(iv)       changes in legal or regulatory conditions, including changes or proposed changes in Law, GAAP or other accounting principles or requirements, or standards, interpretations or enforcement thereof;

 

(v)        the occurrence, escalation, outbreak or worsening of any hostilities, war, police action, acts of terrorism, cyberattack or military conflicts, whether or not pursuant to the declaration of an emergency or war;

 

(vi)       the existence, occurrence or continuation of any force majeure events, including any earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tropical storms, fires or other natural disasters or any national, international or regional calamity, or any epidemic, pandemic or disease outbreak (including the COVID-19 pandemic);

 

(vii)      any Action required to occur pursuant this Agreement or the transactions expressly contemplated by this Agreement;

 

(viii)      the execution, announcement, performance or existence of this Agreement, in each case in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, the identity of the Parties or any of their respective Affiliates, Representatives or financing sources;

 

(ix)       the taking of any action by Sponsor expressly required by the terms of this Agreement, including the failure to take any action restricted by this Agreement (but excluding effects resulting from the Closing);

 

(x)        any actions taken, or not taken, with the consent, waiver or at the request of the Seller Representatives, Company Group or Blocker Corp or any action taken to the extent expressly permitted by this Agreement;

 

 
 

(xi)       any actions taken by the Sellers, Blocker Corp, the Company or any of their respective Affiliates or any of their respective Representatives or financing sources after the date of this Agreement; and

 

(xii)      any matters disclosed in the Leo Disclosure Schedules;

 

provided, however, that, with respect to each of clauses (i) through (v) and (ix) above, any event, development, occurrence, fact, condition, or change referred to above shall be taken into account in determining whether a Material Adverse Effect on Sponsor has occurred or would reasonably be expected to occur to the extent that such event, development, occurrence, fact, condition, or change has a disproportionate effect on Sponsor compared to other participants in the industries in which Sponsor primarily conducts their respective businesses.

 

New Option Plan” means the new omnibus equity incentive plan for the Surviving Company, in form and substance reasonably acceptable to Leo and the Company, that provides for the grant of awards to employees and other service providers of the Surviving Company and its Subsidiaries in the form of options, restricted shares, restricted share units or other equity-based awards based on Leo Common Stock with a total pool of awards of Leo Common Stock, to be determined by the Parties and based on the opinion and advice of a third-party pay governance advisor.

 

NYSE” means the New York Stock Exchange.

 

Order” means any writ, award, determination, settlement, stipulation, injunction, judgment, decree, order, ruling, subpoena, notice of violation or verdict or other decision issued, promulgated or entered by or with any Governmental Authority of competent jurisdiction, in each case whether preliminary or final.

 

PCAOB” means the U.S. Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (or any successor thereto).

 

Permit” means any permit, license, approval, franchise, consent, registration, variance, certification, endorsement or qualification granted by or obtained from any Governmental Authority pursuant to Law.

 

Permitted Encumbrances” means (a) those Encumbrances reflected in reserved against or otherwise disclosed on the Financial Statements, (b) mechanics’, carriers’, workmen’s, repairmen’s or other similar Encumbrances arising or incurred in the ordinary course of such Business or which not yet delinquent or are being contested in good faith by appropriate filings, (c) Encumbrances arising in connection with financing incurred in the ordinary course of the Business consistent with past practice to acquire equipment acquired to satisfy express requirements pursuant to Contracts with customers, original purchase price conditional sales contracts and equipment leases and financing with third parties entered into in the ordinary course of such Business consistent with past practice, (d) statutory liens for Taxes, assessments and other governmental charges that are not due and payable or that may thereafter be paid without penalty or that are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings, (e) all Encumbrances created by, arising under, or existing as a result of any Law applicable thereto, (f) all rights reserved to or vested in any Governmental Authority to control or regulate any asset

 

 
 

or property in any manner and all Laws applicable to assets or properties, (g) Encumbrances that do not, individually or in the aggregate, materially impair such Business or the continued use or operation of the assets of the Company Group as currently used or operated, (h) easements, covenants, rights-of-way and other similar restrictions of record that do not, or would not reasonably be expected to, materially interfere any member of the Company Group’s present uses or occupancy of the subject real property, (i) any conditions that may be shown by a current, accurate survey or physical inspection of any parcel of real property owned or leased by any member of the Company Group made prior to Closing, (j) zoning, building, code, land use and other similar restrictions which are imposed by any Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over such real property and which are not violated by the current occupancy of such real property or the operation of the businesses of the Company Group, which, individually or in the aggregate, do not materially impair the continued use, operation of and access to any parcel of real property owned or leased by any member of the Company Group in such Business, (k) Encumbrances which have been insured against by owner or leasehold title insurance policies benefitting any member of the Company Group owning or leasing the parcel of real property, (l) Encumbrances securing rental payments under capital leases, (m) Encumbrances securing payment, or other obligations, of any member of the Company Group with respect to Indebtedness created or incurred under any of the Company Group’s respective credit facilities entered into prior to the date of this Agreement or similar Encumbrances under any other permitted Indebtedness under Section 9.1(b)(iv)(A) and (n) other Encumbrances arising in the ordinary course of the Business and not incurred in connection with the borrowing of money that are not, individually or in the aggregate, material to the Company Group.

 

Permitted Holders Company Pro Rata Portion” means the sum of (a) the difference of one (1), minus Prism’s Company Pro Rata Portion, plus (b) the product of (i) the Prism Percentage, multiplied by (ii) Prism’s Company Pro Rata Portion.

 

Person” means and includes any domestic or foreign individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, group, association, joint stock company, trust, estate, joint venture, unincorporated organization or any other form of business or professional entity or Governmental Authority (or any department, agency or political subdivision thereof).

 

Pre-Closing Tax Period” means a taxable period (or portion thereof) ending on (and including) or before the Closing Date.

 

Prior Proposed Business Combinations” means (a) the Business Combination contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, dated as of April 7, 2019, by and among Leo, Queso Holdings Inc., a Delaware corporation, AP VIII CEC Holdings, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, and Sponsor and (b) any other Business Combination (other than the transactions contemplated hereby) contemplated, pursued or considered by Leo.

 

Prospectus” means that certain final prospectus of Leo, dated February 12, 2018, prepared, filed and made available to the public in accordance with applicable securities law, rules and regulations.

 

Refinancing” means (a) the refinancing of all outstanding indebtedness of the Company Group under that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of July 3, 2018 (as amended by the

 

 
 

Incremental Amendment to Credit Agreement, dated as of July 1, 2019, as further amended by the Second Incremental Amendment to Credit Agreement, dated as of November 1, 2019, as further amended by the Amendment No. 3 to Credit Agreement, dated as of January 7, 2020, and as further amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time) among the Company, Digital Media Solutions, LLC, the lenders party thereto from time to time, and Monroe Capital Management Advisors, LLC, as administrative agent (including all fee letters and loan documents executed in connection therewith) (the “Current Credit Facility”), and (b) the termination and release of all related security and guarantees, in each case, in a manner reasonably acceptable to Leo and the Sellers.

 

Related Documents” means the Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement, the Director Nomination Agreement, the Registration Rights Agreement, the Lock-Up Agreement, the Amended Warrant Agreement, the Amended Partnership Agreement, the Tax Receivables Agreement, the Surviving Company Certificate of Incorporation, the Surviving Company Bylaws and such other agreements and documents contemplated by this Agreement, as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time.

 

Related Person” means, with respect to any Person, (a) any Affiliate of such Person, (b) any Person that beneficially owns at least 10% of the outstanding equity interests of such Person, or (c) any parent, child, sibling or spouse who resides with, or is a dependent of, any Person described in clauses (a) and (b) above.

 

Release” means any release, pumping, pouring, emptying, injecting, escaping, leaching, migrating, dumping, seepage, spill, leak, flow, discharge, disposal or emission.

 

Representatives” means, with respect to any Person, such Person’s directors, managers, officers, employees, agents and advisors (including accountants, consultants, investment bankers, legal counsel and other experts) and other representatives.

 

Sanctions Authority” means the United States of America (including U.S. Department of Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control, Department of State and the Bureau of Industry and Security of the Department of Commerce), Her Majesty’s Treasury of the United Kingdom, the Council of the European Union, and the United Nations or its Security Council.

 

“Schedules” means the schedules to this Agreement, including the Disclosure Schedules.

 

SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933.

 

Sensitive Data” means all confidential information, classified information, proprietary information, trade secrets and any other information, the security or confidentiality of which is protected by Law or Contract, that is collected, maintained, stored, transmitted, used, disclosed or otherwise processed by or for the Business that is information about an individual that contains data elements that identify the individual or are otherwise protectable under applicable Laws concerning privacy of personal information.

 

 
 

Solvent“ means, as of any date of determination and with regard to any Person, that (a) the sum of the assets of such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, at a fair valuation exceeds their liabilities, including contingent, subordinated, unmatured, unliquidated and disputed liabilities, of such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, (b) the present fair saleable value of the assets of such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, is not less than the amount that will be required to pay the probable liability of such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, on their debts and liabilities as they become absolute and matured, (c) such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, have sufficient capital and liquidity with which to conduct their businesses and such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, are not engaged in business or a transaction, and are not about to engage in business or a transaction, for which such Person’s and its Subsidiaries’ assets, on a consolidated basis, would constitute unreasonably small capital and (d) such Person and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, have not incurred and does not plan to incur debts or liabilities beyond its ability to pay such debts as they mature or otherwise become due. For purposes of this definition, “debt” means any liability on a claim, and “claim” means (i) a right to payment, whether or not such right is reduced to judgment, liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured or unsecured or (ii) a right to an equitable remedy for breach of performance to the extent such breach gives rise to a payment, whether or not such right to an equitable remedy is reduced to judgment, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, secured or unsecured. With respect to any such contingent liabilities, such liabilities shall be computed at the amount which, in light of all the facts and circumstances existing at the time, represents the amount which can reasonably be expected to become an actual or matured liability (irrespective of whether such contingent liabilities meet the criteria for accrual under Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 5).

 

Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person, of which an amount of the voting securities, other voting ownership or voting partnership interests of which is sufficient to elect at least a majority of its board of directors or other governing body (or, if there are no such voting interests, 50% or more of the equity interests of which) is owned directly or indirectly by such first Person. For the purposes hereof, the term Subsidiary shall include all Subsidiaries of such Subsidiary.

 

Surviving Company Class A Common Stock” means the Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Surviving Company.

 

Surviving Company Class B Common Stock” means the Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Surviving Company, which Class B common stock will represent a voting, non-economic, ownership interest in the Surviving Company.

 

Surviving Company Class C Common Stock” means the Class C common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Surviving Company.

 

Surviving Partnership Common Units“ means “Common Unit,” as defined in the Amended Partnership Agreement.

 

Taxes” means, with respect to any Person, all taxes, customs, tariffs, imposts, levies, duties, fees or other like assessments or charges of any kind imposed by a Governmental

 

 
 

Authority including any income, gross income, franchise, gross receipts, sales, use, ad valorem, transfer, real property, franchise, license, withholding, payroll, employment or windfall profits taxes, alternative or add-in minimum taxes or other tax of any kind whatsoever, together with any interest and any penalties, additions to tax or additional amounts imposed by any Tax Authority on such Person, whether disputed or not.

 

Tax Authority” means any Governmental Authority or any quasi-governmental or private body having jurisdiction over the assessment, determination, collection or imposition of any Tax.

 

Tax Returns” means any returns, reports, certificates, forms or similar statements or documents (including any related or supporting information or schedules attached thereto and any information returns, amended Tax returns, claims for refund or declaration of estimated Tax) required or permitted to be supplied to, or filed with, a Tax Authority in connection with the determination, assessment or collection of any Tax or the administration of any Laws relating to any Tax.

 

Transaction Costs Cap” means $22,500,000.

 

Transaction Tax Deductions” means, without duplication, any exemptions, allowances or deductions of the Company, Blocker Corp or their respective Subsidiaries for U.S. federal, and applicable state and local income Tax purposes resulting from or attributable to (i) unamortized financing costs of the Company, Blocker Corp, or any of their respective Subsidiaries, (ii) any Transaction Costs, to the extent not in excess of the Transaction Costs Cap, and (iii) repayment of the Company’s, Blocker Corp’s or any of their respective Subsidiaries’ existing Indebtedness pursuant hereto (but, in the case of the items described in clauses (i) through (iii), only to the extent the applicable costs, fees or expenses giving rise to the exemptions, allowances or deductions were economically borne by the Sellers, either (A) because such amounts were included in the determination of the purchase price (including, but not limited to, via inclusion in Closing Date Indebtedness of Blocker Corp or Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group) or (B) because such amounts were paid by the Sellers or their Affiliates, or the Company, Blocker Corp or their respective Subsidiaries, in each case prior to the Closing). For purposes of the determination of Unpaid Taxes with respect to any Person, to the extent consistent with Revenue Procedure 2011-29 and applicable Law, the Parties agree to treat seventy-percent (70%) of any Transaction Costs that are success-based fees as deductible for U.S. federal income Tax purposes in the Pre-Closing Tax Period.

 

Treasury Regulations” means the permanent and temporary income tax regulations promulgated under the Code, as may be amended from time to time (including corresponding provisions of successor Treasury Regulations).

 

Unpaid Taxes” means, with respect to a Person, an amount (not below zero (0), for any jurisdiction or for any applicable taxpaying entity) equal to the sum of, without duplication, all unpaid Taxes (whether or not yet due and payable and ignoring any Tax payments made after the Closing Calculation Time) of such Person and such Person’s Subsidiaries, as applicable, for any Pre-Closing Tax Period, calculated (a) by including in taxable income (i) any adjustment pursuant to Section 481 of the Code (or similar provision of state, local or non-U.S. Law) with

 

 
 

respect to any change in method of accounting made prior to the Closing or (ii) any deferred revenue or any prepaid item received outside the ordinary course of business prior to the Closing, in each case that would not previously have been included in taxable income, and (b) with respect to any taxable period beginning on or before, and ending after, the Closing Date, determined (i) in the case of property Taxes and other Taxes similarly imposed on a periodic basis, by multiplying the amount of such Taxes for the entire taxable period by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of calendar days of such taxable period up to and including the Closing Date and the denominator of which is the number of calendar days in the entire taxable period and (ii) in the case of all other Taxes (including income, capital gains and similar Taxes), using a “closing of the books” methodology as though the taxable period terminated on (and included) the Closing Date; provided, that (A) exemptions, allowances and deductions that are calculated on an annual basis (including depreciation and amortization deductions) shall be allocated between the period ending on and including the Closing Date and the period beginning after the Closing Date in proportion to the number of days in each period to which such exemption, allowance or deduction is applicable, (B) Transaction Tax Deductions shall be treated as allocable to and deductible in a taxable period (or portion thereof) ending on or before the Closing Date to the extent permitted by applicable Law at a “more likely than not” or higher standard of confidence, and (C) all Transaction Tax Deductions and other Tax attributes of such Person and such Person’s Subsidiaries, including any applicable net operating losses, net capital losses, research and development Tax credits, research and experimentation Tax credits, investment Tax credits, foreign Tax credits and other Tax credits, and similar Tax attributes of such Person and each of such Person’s Subsidiaries that in each case are allocable to any Pre-Closing Tax Period (or portion thereof) under the principles of the Agreement that are available under applicable Law to reduce the liability for unpaid Taxes otherwise included in the determination of Closing Date Indebtedness of Blocker Corp or Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group, as applicable, shall be taken into account in determining Closing Date Indebtedness of Blocker Corp or Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group; provided, further, that Unpaid Taxes of any Person (e.g., Blocker Corp) do not include Unpaid Taxes of any other Person (e.g., the Company or its Subsidiaries).

 

Wind Up” means Leo (a) ceasing all operations except for the purpose of winding up, (b) redeeming all of the then-outstanding Class A Ordinary Shares included as part of the units sold in the IPO and (c) subject to the approval of the Leo’s remaining members and Leo’s board of directors, liquidating and dissolving, subject in the case of (b) and (c), to its obligations under applicable Law.

 

2.

Additional Definitions

 

As used herein, each capitalized term listed below has the meaning identified in the Section set forth opposite such term below.

 

Actual Closing Date Cash

3.3(b)

Actual Closing Date Cash of Blocker Corp

3.3(b)

Actual Closing Date Cash of the Company Group

3.3(b)

Actual Closing Date Indebtedness

3.3(b)

Actual Closing Date Indebtedness of Blocker Corp

3.3(b)

Actual Closing Date Indebtedness of the Company Group

3.3(b)

 

 

 

Additional Leo SEC Reports

7.8(a)

Agreement

Preamble

Allocation

9.6(c)

Alternative Transaction

9.12(a)

Amended Partnership Agreement

Recitals

Amended Warrant Agreement

Recitals

Anti-Corruption Laws

5.7(c)

Benefit Period

9.10(a)

Blocker Corp

Preamble

Blocker Seller 1

Preamble

Blocker Seller 2

Preamble

Blocker Sellers

Preamble

CEP

9.23(b)

Certifications

7.8(a)

Clairvest

Preamble

Clairvest Direct Seller

Preamble

Clairvest Names

9.23(b)

Class A Ordinary Shares

7.2(a)

Class B Ordinary Shares

7.2(a)

Class B Share Conversion Rights

Recitals

Closing

3.1

Closing Date

3.1

Closing Shares

9.15

Closing Statement

3.3(a)

Communications Plan

9.8

Company

Preamble

Company Computer Systems

5.11(e)

Company Group Employees

9.10(a)

Company Member Consent

Recitals

Company Name

9.23(a)

Company Released Parties

9.19(c)

Confidentiality Agreement

9.3(a)

Contribution

3.2(d)(i)

Current Policies

9.9(c)

D&O Indemnified Persons

9.9(a)

D&O Tail

9.9(c)

Data Room

7.18(a)

DGCL

Recitals

Director Nomination Agreement

Recitals

Dispute Notice

3.3(b)

Domestication

Recitals

Enforceability Exceptions

4.3

Environmental Laws

5.14

ERISA Affiliate

5.12(c)

Estimated Closing Date Blocker Corp Cash

3.2(a)(ii)

Estimated Closing Date Blocker Corp Indebtedness

3.2(a)(ii)

 

 

 

Estimated Closing Date Cash

3.2(a)(ii)

Estimated Closing Date Company Cash

3.2(a)(i)

Estimated Closing Date Company Indebtedness

3.2(a)(i)

Estimated Closing Date Indebtedness

3.2(a)(ii)

Excess Amount

3.3(d)

Excluded Leo Costs

9.5(a)

Export Control Laws

5.7(c)

Extension Approval

9.26

Extension Date

9.26

Financial Statements

5.5(a)

Foreign Benefit Plan

5.12(k)

Form S-4

9.14(a)

Governmental Antitrust Authority

9.4(a)

Interim Period

9.12(a)

International Trade Control Laws

5.7(c)

IRS

5.12(b)

Item of Dispute

3.3(b)

Leo

Preamble

Leo Form 10-K

Article VII

Leo Governing Documents

Recitals

Leo Lock-Up Agreement

9.24

Leo Material Contracts

7.12

Leo Released Parties

9.19(b)

Leo SEC Reports

7.8(a)

Leo Transaction Costs

9.5(a)

Leo Warrants

7.2(b)

Lion

9.14(i)

Lion Director

9.14(i)

Lock-Up Agreement

Recitals

Material Contracts

5.15(a)

Material Customers

5.20

Material Suppliers and Vendors

5.20

Outside Date

11.1(a)(ii)

Outstanding Blocker Corp Company Units

Recitals

Outstanding Blocker Corp Shares

Recitals

Outstanding Class A Units

Recitals

Outstanding Class B Units

Recitals

Outstanding Company Units

Recitals

Outstanding Surviving Company Class A Shares Number

3.2(c)(vii)

Owned Intellectual Property

5.11(a)

Parties

Preamble

Paydown Amount

3.2(f)

Payment Statement

3.2(a)

PCAOB Financial Statements

9.25

Personal Information

5.11(g)

PIPE Investment

Recitals

 

 

 

PIPE Investors

Recitals

Pre-Closing Engagement

12.18

Previously Paid Seller Transaction Costs

3.2(b)(iv)

Prism

Preamble

Prism Percentage

3.2(b)(iii)

Privacy Policy

5.11(f)

Privileged Communications

12.18

Prohibited Party

5.7(d)

Project Denali

7.18(a)

Proxy Statement

9.14(a)

Purchased Class A Units

2.2(a)

Purchased Class B Units

2.2(b)

Purchased Company Units

2.2(b)

Real Property Leases

5.17(b)

Refinancing Costs

9.5(a)

Refinancing Documents

9.27(a)

Registration Rights Agreement

Recitals

Related Parties

12.13

Related Party

12.13

Representative Losses

12.1(b)

Sanctions Laws

5.7(c)

Section 16

9.16

Section 280G Payments

9.7

Seller Nominees

9.14(g)(i)

Seller Related Party Transaction

4.7

Seller Released Parties

9.19(a)

Seller Representative 2

12.1(a)

Seller Representatives

12.1(a)

Seller Transaction Costs

9.5(a)

Seller Warrants

3.2(c)(i)(B)

Sellers

Preamble

Separate Indemnitor

9.9(b)

Shortfall Amount

3.3(c)

Skadden

12.18

Sponsor

Preamble

Sponsor Director

9.14(i)

Sponsor Related Party Transaction

7.23

Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement

Recitals

Subscription Agreements

Recitals

Surrendered Shares

Recitals

Surrendered Warrants

Recitals

Surviving Company

Recitals

Surviving Company Bylaws

1.1(b)

Surviving Company Certificate of Incorporation

1.1(b)

Surviving Company Officers

9.14(g)(ii)

Surviving Company Plans

9.10(b)

 

 

 

Surviving Partnership

Recitals

Tax Receivables Agreement

Recitals

Tax Treatment of the Transactions

Recitals

Transaction Costs

9.5(a)

Transfer Taxes

9.5(b)

Trust Account

7.14(a)

Trust Agreement

7.14(a)

Trustee

7.14(a)

Valuation Firm

3.3(b)

WARN Act

5.13(c)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

Exhibit A

Sponsor Shares and Warrant Surrender Agreement

 

 
 

 

Exhibit B

 

[DIGITAL MEDIA SOLUTIONS, INC.]

 

DIRECTOR NOMINATION AGREEMENT

 

This Director Nomination Agreement (this “Agreement”) is made and entered into as of [●], 2020, by and between [Digital Media Solutions, Inc.], a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), Leo Investors Limited Partnership, a Cayman limited partnership (the “Sponsor”), Lion Capital (Guernsey) Bridgeco Limited, a Guernsey limited company, (“Lion”), Clairvest Group Inc., a Delaware corporation (together with its Affiliates, “Clairvest”), and Prism Data, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Prism”). Each of Lion, Clairvest and Prism, and any of their respective permitted assigns, are referred to herein as a “Stockholder”.  Unless otherwise specified herein, all of the capitalized terms used herein are defined in Section 2 hereof.

 

WHEREAS, pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, the Company has agreed to permit Clairvest, or its permitted assigns, which will Beneficially Own approximately [●]% of the issued and outstanding Voting Interests at the Effective Time, to designate two (2) individuals for (i) appointment to the board of directors of the Company (the “Board”) at the Effective Time and (ii) certain nomination rights thereafter, in each case, on the terms and conditions set forth herein;

 

WHEREAS, pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, the Company has agreed to permit Prism, or its permitted assigns, which will Beneficially Own approximately [●]% of the issued and outstanding Voting Interests at the Effective Time, to designate one (1) individual for (i) appointment to the Board at the Effective Time and (ii) certain nomination rights thereafter, in each case, on the terms and conditions set forth herein;

 

WHEREAS, the Company has agreed to permit Lion, or its permitted assigns, which will Beneficially Own approximately [●]% of the issued and outstanding Voting Interests at the Effective Time, to designate one (1) individual for (i) appointment to the Board at the Effective Time and (ii) certain nomination rights thereafter, in each case, on the terms and conditions set forth herein; and

 

WHEREAS, pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, the Company has agreed to permit Clairvest and Prism to mutually designate one (1) additional individual for (i) appointment to the Board at the Effective Time and (ii) certain nomination rights thereafter, in each case, on the terms and conditions set forth herein.

 

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual covenants contained herein and other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the parties to this Agreement hereby agree as follows:

 

Section 1.             Board of Directors.

 

(a)          The Company shall take all necessary and desirable actions within its control such that, as of the Effective Time:

 

 
 

 

(i)           the size of the Board is set at seven (7) Directors;

 

(ii)          sufficient existing Directors resign or are removed from the Board such that five (5) Director positions are vacant immediately prior to the nomination and appointment of the Stockholder Directors (other than the Lion Director) provided for herein;

 

(iii)         Lyndon Lea and Robert Darwent (the “Retained Directors”) shall be retained as Directors on the Board, with Robert Darwent appointed as the Lion Director;

 

(iv)         each of Robbie Isenberg and James Miller shall be nominated and appointed as a Clairvest Director;

 

(v)          Fernando Borghese shall be nominated and appointed as a Prism Director;

 

(vi)         Mary Minnick shall be nominated and appointed as an Independent Stockholder Director; and

 

(vii)        the current Chief Executive Officer of the Company, shall be nominated and appointed as a Director on the Board (the “CEO Director”).

 

(b)          From and after the Effective Time and until a Stockholder Termination Event shall have occurred with respect to Clairvest, Clairvest, or its permitted assigns, shall have the right to designate two (2) Nominees in connection with any meeting of the stockholders of the Company called (or written consent of the stockholders) with respect to the election of Directors, and the Company shall, as promptly as practicable, take all necessary and desirable actions within its control (including, without limitation, calling special meetings of the Board and the stockholders of the Company and recommending, supporting and soliciting proxies), such that there are two (2) Clairvest Directors on the Board at all times prior to such a Stockholder Termination Event; provided, that one (1) of such Nominees and one (1) of the Clairvest Directors shall be independent under the applicable rules of the NYSE (or any applicable exchange on which the Company’s securities may be listed); provided, however, that, from and after the date that Clairvest and Prism collectively cease to Beneficially Own or control, directly or indirectly, at least forty percent (40%) of the total number of Voting Interests issued and outstanding at any time, Clairvest, or its permitted assigns, shall have the right to designate only one (1) Nominee and only one (1) Clairvest Director shall be required to be on the Board at all times prior to a Stockholder Termination Event with respect to Clairvest and such Nominee and such Clairvest Director shall not be required to be independent under the applicable rules of the NYSE (or any applicable exchange on which the Company’s securities may be listed). If (i) a vacancy on the Board occurs because of the death, disability, disqualification, resignation, or removal of a Clairvest Director and (ii) Clairvest, or its permitted assigns, had the right to have such number of Clairvest Directors serve on the Board as were serving immediately prior to the occurrence of such vacancy, then Clairvest, or its permitted assigns, shall be entitled to designate a Nominee, and the Company will, within ten (10) days of such designation of such Nominee, take all necessary and desirable actions within its control

 

2

 

 

such that such vacancy shall be filled with such Nominee, provided that such nominee meets the independence requirements set forth in this Section 1(b). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, the Director position for a Clairvest Director shall not be filled pending such designation and appointment unless Clairvest fails to designate a Nominee within thirty (30) days after receipt of written notice from the Company notifying it that such vacancy has occurred, and after such thirty- (30-) day period, the Company may appoint a nominee who may serve as a Director only until Clairvest, or its permitted assigns, designates a Nominee.

 

(c)           From and after the Effective Time and until a Stockholder Termination Event shall have occurred with respect to Prism, Prism, or its permitted assigns, shall have the right to designate one (1) Nominee in connection with any meeting of the stockholders of the Company called (or written consent of the stockholders) with respect to the election of Directors, and the Company shall, as promptly as practicable, take all necessary and desirable actions within its control (including, without limitation, calling special meetings of the Board and the stockholders of the Company and recommending, supporting and soliciting proxies), such that one (1) Prism Director serves on the Board at all times prior to such a Stockholder Termination Event. If (i) a vacancy on the Board occurs because of the death, disability, disqualification, resignation, or removal of the Prism Director and (ii) immediately prior to the occurrence of such vacancy, Prism, or its permitted assigns, had the right to have a Prism Director serve on the Board, then Prism shall be entitled to designate a Nominee, and the Company will, within ten (10) days of such designation of such Nominee, take all necessary and desirable actions within its control such that such vacancy shall be filled with such Nominee. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, the Director position for the Prism Director, shall not be filled pending such designation and appointment unless Prism, or its permitted assigns, fails to designate a Nominee within thirty (30) days after receipt of written notice from the Company notifying it that such vacancy has occurred, and after such thirty- (30-) day period, the Company may appoint a nominee who may serve as a Director only until Prism designates a Nominee.

 

(d)          From and after the Effective Time and until Clairvest and Prism cease to collectively Beneficially Own or control, directly or indirectly, more than fifty percent (50%) of the total number of Voting Interests issued and outstanding at any time (such time, the “Majority Termination Event”), Clairvest and Prism shall have the right to mutually designate one (1) additional Nominee, who shall be independent, and qualified to serve on the audit committee of the Board, under the applicable rules of the NYSE (or any applicable exchange on which the Company’s securities may be listed) and the SEC (including Rule 10A-3 of the Exchange Act), in connection with any meeting of the stockholders of the Company called (or written consent of the stockholders) with respect to the election of Directors, and the Company shall, as promptly as practicable, take all necessary and desirable actions within its control (including, without limitation, calling special meetings of the Board and the stockholders of the Company and recommending, supporting and soliciting proxies), such that one (1) Independent Stockholder Director, who shall be independent, and qualified to serve on the audit committee of the Board, under the applicable rules of the NYSE (or any applicable exchange on which the Company’s securities may be listed) and the SEC (including Rule 10A-3 of the Exchange Act), serves on the Board at all times prior to the Majority Termination Event. If (i) a vacancy on the Board occurs because of the death, disability, disqualification, resignation, or removal of the Independent Stockholder Director and (ii) immediately prior to the occurrence of such vacancy, Clairvest and Prism had the right to have an Independent Stockholder Director serve on the Board, then

 

3

 

 

Clairvest and Prism shall be entitled to mutually designate a Nominee, and the Company will, within ten (10) days of such designation of such Nominee, take all necessary and desirable actions within its control such that such vacancy shall be filled with such Nominee, provided that such nominee meets the independence requirements set forth in this Section 1(d). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, the Director position for the Independent Stockholder Director, shall not be filled pending such designation and appointment unless the Clairvest and Prism fail to mutually designate a Nominee within thirty (30) days after receipt of written notice from the Company notifying it that such vacancy has occurred, and after such thirty- (30-) day period, the Company may appoint a nominee who may serve as a Director only until Clairvest and Prism mutually designate a Nominee.

 

(e)          From and after the Effective Time, the Company shall, as promptly as practicable, take all necessary and desirable actions within its control (including, without limitation, calling special meetings of the Board and the stockholders of the Company and recommending, supporting and soliciting proxies), such that the CEO Director serves on the Board at all times unless and until a Stockholder Termination Event shall have occurred with respect to Prism or, if earlier, the CEO Director otherwise ceases to be the Chief Executive Officer of the Company.

 

(f)           From and after the Effective Time and until a Stockholder Termination Event shall have occurred with respect to Lion, Lion, or its permitted assigns, shall have the right to designate one (1) Nominee, who shall be independent, and qualified to serve on the audit committee of the Board, under the applicable rules of the NYSE (or any applicable exchange on which the Company’s securities may be listed) and the SEC (including Rule 10A-3 of the Exchange Act), in connection with any meeting of the stockholders of the Company called (or written consent of the stockholders) with respect to the election of Directors, and the Company shall, as promptly as practicable, take all necessary and desirable actions within its control (including, without limitation, calling special meetings of the Board and the stockholders of the Company and recommending, supporting and soliciting proxies), such that one (1) Lion Director, who shall be independent, and qualified to serve on the audit committee of the Board, under the applicable rules of the NYSE (or any applicable exchange on which the Company’s securities may be listed) and the SEC (including Rule 10A-3 of the Exchange Act), serves on the Board at all times prior to such a Stockholder Termination Event. If (i) a vacancy on the Board occurs because of the death, disability, disqualification, resignation, or removal of the Lion Director and (ii) immediately prior to the occurrence of such vacancy, Lion, or its permitted assigns, had the right to have a Lion Director serve on the Board, then Lion shall be entitled to designate a Nominee, and the Company will, within ten (10) days of such designation of such Nominee, take all necessary and desirable actions within its control such that such vacancy shall be filled with such Nominee, provided that such nominee meets the independence requirements set forth in this Section 1(f). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, the Director position for the Lion Director, shall not be filled pending such designation and appointment unless Lion, or its permitted assigns, fails to designate a Nominee within thirty (30) days after receipt of written notice from the Company notifying it that such vacancy has occurred, and after such thirty- (30-) day period, the Company may appoint a nominee who may serve as a Director only until Lion designates a Nominee.

 

4

 

 

(g)          If a Stockholder Director is entitled to serve on the Board pursuant to Section 1(b), Section 1(c), Section 1(d), Section 1(e) or Section 1(f), the Company shall take all actions necessary in connection with the election or re-election of such Nominee to ensure that (i) the Nominee is included in the Board’s slate of nominees to the stockholders of the Company for the applicable election of Directors and (ii) the Nominee is included in the proxy statement prepared by management of the Company in connection with soliciting proxies for the applicable meeting of the stockholders of the Company called with respect to the election of Directors, and at every adjournment or postponement thereof, and on every action or approval by written consent of the stockholders of the Company with respect to the applicable election of members of the Board. If, prior to the stockholders’ meeting (or action by written consent), a Nominee ceases to be a nominee due to such Nominee’s death, disability, withdrawal as a nominee for election to the Board or for any other reason, the Company shall, subject to Section 1(g) below, take such steps and actions as appropriate or necessary to cause a replacement Nominee (as designated by the applicable Stockholder(s)) to be included in such slate of nominees for election.

 

(h)          If a Nominee is not elected because of such Nominee’s death, disability, disqualification, withdrawal as a nominee for election to the Board or for any other reason (and such Nominee is not replaced as a nominee pursuant to Section 1(g) above), (i) the applicable Stockholder(s) shall be entitled to promptly designate a replacement Nominee, (ii) the Company will, within ten (10) days of such designation, take all necessary and desirable actions within its control such that such replacement Nominee is appointed as a Director the Company and (iii) the Company will take all necessary and desirable actions within its control such that the Director position for which the original Nominee was nominated shall not be filled pending such designation of a replacement Nominee. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, the Director position for which such original Nominee was nominated shall not be filled pending such designation and appointment unless the applicable Stockholder(s) shall fail to designate such replacement Nominee within thirty (30) days after receipt of written notice from the Company notifying such Stockholder that such Nominee was not elected, and after such thirty- (30-) day period, the Company may appoint a successor nominee who may serve as a Director only until the applicable Stockholder(s) shall designate a replacement Nominee.

 

(i)           From and after the Effective Time, the Sponsor and each of the Stockholders, unless and until a Stockholder Termination Event may have occurred with respect to such Stockholder, hereby agree to vote, or cause to be voted, all of their respective Voting Interests at any meeting (or written consent) of the stockholders of the Company with respect to the election of directors, in favor of each of the Nominees designated in accordance with this Agreement; provided, that, for the avoidance of doubt, any vote taken to remove any Stockholder Director elected pursuant hereto, or to fill any vacancy created by the death, disability, disqualification, resignation, or removal of any Stockholder Director elected pursuant to this hereto, shall also be subject to the provisions of this Section 1(i).

 

(j)           In accordance with the Bylaws, the Company may from time to time by resolution establish and maintain one or more committees of the Board, each committee to consist of one (1) or more Directors.  To the extent feasible, the Company shall notify Clairvest and Prism in writing of any new committee of the Board to be established at least fifteen (15) days prior to the effective establishment of such committee.  If requested by Clairvest or Prism,

 

5

 

 

the Company shall take all necessary steps to cause at least one (1) Stockholder Director as requested by each of Clairvest or Prism to be appointed as a member of each such committee of the Board unless such designation would violate any legal restriction on such committee’s composition or the rules and regulations of any applicable exchange on which the Company’s securities may be listed; provided, that the foregoing sentence shall not apply, with respect to any Stockholder, to any special committee of the Board established specifically for the purpose of evaluating a transaction or other corporate action involving such Stockholder.

 

(k)          The Company shall pay all reasonable, documented out-of-pocket expenses incurred by each Stockholder Director and Retained Director in connection with his or her service provided to or on behalf of the Company, including, but not limited to, attending meetings or events attended on behalf of the Company at the Company’s request.

 

(l)           The Company shall (i) purchase directors’ and officers’ liability insurance in an amount determined by the Board to be reasonable and customary and (ii) for so long as any Stockholder Director or Retained Director serves as a Director, maintain such directors’ and officers’ liability insurance coverage with respect to such Director; provided, that upon removal or resignation of such Stockholder Director or Retained Director for any reason, the Company shall take all actions reasonably necessary to extend such directors’ and officers’ liability insurance coverage with respect to such Stockholder Director or Retained Director for a period of not less than six (6) years from any such event in respect of any act or omission of such Stockholder Director or Retained Director occurring at or prior to such event.

 

(m)         For so long as any Stockholder Director or Retained Director serves as a Director, the Company (i) shall provide such Stockholder Director or Retained Director with the same expense reimbursement, benefits, indemnity, exculpation and other arrangements provided to the other Directors; provided, that any Stockholder Director who is also an employee of the applicable Stockholder (or its Affiliates) may elect not to receive any standard director fees paid by the Company to Directors, and (ii) shall not amend, alter or repeal any right to indemnification or exculpation covering or benefiting any Stockholder Director or Retained Director as and to the extent consistent with applicable law, including but not limited to Article SEVENTH of the Certificate of Incorporation and Article VII of the Bylaws (whether such right is contained in the Certificate of Incorporation, the Bylaws or another document) (except to the extent such amendment or alteration permits the Company to provide broader indemnification or exculpation rights on a retroactive basis than permitted prior thereto).

 

(n)          Any Nominee will be subject to the Company’s customary due diligence process, including its review of a completed questionnaire and a background check. Based on the foregoing, the Company may reasonably object to any Nominee (i) provided it does so in good faith and (ii) solely to the extent such objection is based upon any of the following: (1) such Nominee was convicted in a criminal proceeding or is a named subject of a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses); (2) such Nominee was the subject of any order, judgment, or decree not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining such proposed director from, or otherwise limiting, the following activities: (A) engaging in any type of business practice, or (B) engaging in any activity in connection with the purchase or sale of any security or in connection with any violation of federal or state securities laws; (3) such Nominee was the

 

6

 

 

subject of any order, judgment or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any federal or state authority barring, suspending or otherwise limiting for more than 60 days the right of such person to engage in any activity described in clause (2)(B), or to be associated with persons engaged in such activity; (4) such Nominee was found by a court of competent jurisdiction in a civil action or by the SEC to have violated any federal or state securities law, and the judgment in such civil action or finding by the SEC has not been subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated; or (5) such Nominee was the subject of, or a party to any federal or state judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, relating to a violation of any federal or state securities laws or regulations. In the event the Board reasonably finds the Nominee to be unsuitable based upon one or more of the foregoing clauses (1) through (5) and reasonably objects to the identified director, the applicable Stockholder shall be entitled to propose a different nominee to the Board within thirty (30) days of the Company’s notice to such Stockholder of its objection to the Nominee and such replacement Nominee shall be subject to the review process outlined above.

 

Section 2.            Definitions.

 

Action” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(b).

 

Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such first Person.

 

Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the preamble.

 

Beneficially Own” has the meaning ascribed to it in Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

Board” has the meaning set forth in recitals.

 

Business Combination Agreement” means that certain Business Combination Agreement, dated as of April 23, 2020, by and among Leo Holdings Corp., Prism and Clairvest and the other parties thereto, as amended or modified from time to time.

 

Business Day” means any day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday or other day on which commercial banks in New York, New York are authorized or required by applicable law to close.

 

Bylaws” means the Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company, as in effect immediately following the Effective Time, as the same may be amended from time to time.

 

CEO Director” has the meaning set forth in Section 1(a).

 

Certificate of Incorporation” means the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, as in effect immediately following the Effective Time, as the same may be amended from time to time.

 

Clairvest” has the meaning set forth in the preamble.

 

7

 

 

Clairvest Director” means an individual designated by Clairvest, or its permitted assigns, as a nominee to the Board that has been elected or appointed as a Director.

 

Company” has the meaning set forth in the preamble.

 

Director” means a member of the Board until such individual’s death, disability, disqualification, resignation, or removal.

 

Effective Time” means the time immediately after the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement (including all issuances of Voting Interests) on the date hereof.

 

Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

Independent Stockholder Director” means an individual mutually designated by Clairvest and Prism as a nominee to the Board that has been elected or appointed as a Director and who is independent, and qualified to serve on the audit committee of the Board, under the applicable rules of the NYSE (or any applicable exchange on which the Company’s securities may be listed) and the SEC (including Rule 10A-3 of the Exchange Act).

 

Lion” has the meaning set forth in the preamble.

 

Lion Director” means an individual designated by Lion, or its permitted assigns, as a nominee to the Board that has been elected or appointed as a Director.

 

Majority Termination Event” has the meaning set forth in Section 1(d).

 

Nominee” means an individual designated by a Stockholder as a nominee to the Board pursuant to this Agreement.

 

NYSE” means the New York Stock Exchange.

 

Person” means an individual, a partnership, a corporation, a limited liability company, an association, a joint stock company, a trust, a joint venture, an unincorporated organization and a governmental entity or any department, agency or political subdivision thereof.

 

Prism” has the meaning set forth in the preamble.

 

Prism Director” means an individual designated by Prism, or its permitted assigns, as a nominee to the Board that has been elected or appointed as a Director.

 

Retained Directors” has the meaning set forth in Section 1(a).

 

SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Sponsor” has the meaning set forth in the preamble.

 

Stockholder” has the meaning set forth in the preamble.

 

8

 

 

Stockholder Director” means a Lion Director, Clairvest Director, Prism Director, Independent Stockholder Director or CEO Director, as applicable.

 

Stockholder Termination Event” has the meaning set forth in Section 16.

 

Transfer” means any sale, transfer, assignment or other disposition of (whether with or without consideration and whether voluntary or involuntary or by operation of law) of Voting Interests.

 

Voting Interests” means the Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and Class C common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, in each case of the Company, all considered together as a single class.

 

Section 3.            Assignment; Binding Effect. This Agreement and the rights and obligations hereunder shall not be assignable or transferable by any of the parties, in whole or in part (including by operation of law), without the prior written consent of the Company; provided, that Lion, Clairvest or Prism may assign, in whole, but not in part, this Agreement without the prior written consent of the Company as part of a Transfer of Voting Interests, so long as the applicable assignee executes a joinder to this Agreement pursuant to which such assignee agrees to be bound by the terms hereof as though such assignee were Lion, Clairvest or Prism, as the case may be. This Agreement and all of the provisions hereof shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the parties hereto and their respective permitted successors and assigns.

 

Section 4.            Specific Performance. The parties agree that irreparable damage would occur in the event that any of the provisions of this Agreement were not performed in accordance with their specific terms or were otherwise breached. It is accordingly agreed that the parties shall be entitled to an injunction or injunctions to prevent breaches of this Agreement and to enforce specifically the terms and provisions hereof.

 

Section 5.            Notices. All notices or other communications required or permitted to be given hereunder shall be in writing and shall be delivered by hand or electronic mail or postage prepaid mail (registered or certified) or nationally recognized overnight courier service and shall be deemed given when so delivered by hand or electronic mail, or if mailed, three (3) days after mailing (one Business Day in the case of overnight courier service), as follows:

 

If to the Company, to:

 

[Digital Media Solutions, Inc.] 

[c/o Digital Media Solutions Holdings, LLC]
4800 140th Avenue N., Suite 101
Clearwater, FL 33762 

 

Email:

rfoster@dmsgroup.com

 

Attention:

Ryan Foster

 

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

[●]

 

9

 

 

If to Clairvest, to:

 

Clairvest GP Manageco Inc.
22 St. Clair Avenue East, Suite 1700
Toronto, ON M4T 2S3 

 

Email:

jmiller@clairvest.com

 

Attention:

James H. Miller

 

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP
1440 New York Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20005 

 

Facsimile:

(202) 661-8251

 

Email:

katherine.ashley@skadden.com

 

 

micah.kegley@skadden.com

 

Attention:

Katherine D. Ashley

 

 

Micah R. Kegley

 

If to Prism, to

 

Prism Data, LLC
c/o Digital Media Solutions Holdings, LLC
4800 140th Avenue N., Suite 101
Clearwater, FL 33762 

 

Email:

jmarinucci@dmsgroup.com

 

Attention:

Joe Marinucci

 

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP
1440 New York Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20005 

 

Facsimile:

(202) 661-8251

 

Email:

katherine.ashley@skadden.com

 

 

micah.kegley@skadden.com

 

Attention:

Katherine D. Ashley

 

 

Micah R. Kegley

 

If to the Sponsor, to:

 

Leo Investors Limited Partnership
21 Grosvenor Place
London SWIX 7HF
United Kingdom 

 

Facsimile:

+44 (0) 20 7201 2222

 

10

 

 

 

Email:

brown@lioncapital.com

 

Attention:

Simon Brown, Secretary

 

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Kirkland & Ellis LLP
601 Lexington Avenue
New York, New York 10022 

 

Facsimile:

(212) 446-4900

 

Email:

christian.nagler@kirkland.com

 

 

peter.seligson@kirkland.com

 

Attention:

Christian O. Nagler

 

 

Peter S. Seligson

 

If to Lion, to:

 

Lion Capital (Guernsey) Bridgeco Limited 

East Wing, Trafalgar Court
Les Banques, St. Peter Port
Guernsey, GY1 3PP 

 

Facsimile:

+44 (0) 1481 749749

 

Email:

[barton@lioncapital.com]

 

Attention:

Nick Barton

 

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Kirkland & Ellis LLP
601 Lexington Avenue
New York, New York 10022 

 

Facsimile:

(212) 446-4900

 

Email:

christian.nagler@kirkland.com

 

 

peter.seligson@kirkland.com

 

Attention:

Christian O. Nagler

 

 

Peter S. Seligson

 

Section 6.            Adjustments. If, and as often as, there are any changes in the Voting Interests by way of stock split, stock dividend, combination or reclassification, or through merger, consolidation, reorganization, recapitalization or sale, or by any other means, appropriate adjustment shall be made in the provisions of this Agreement, as may be required, so that the rights, privileges, duties and obligations hereunder shall continue with respect to the Voting Interests as so changed.

 

Section 7.            No Presumption Against Drafting Party. Each of the parties hereto acknowledges that it has participated jointly in the negotiation and drafting of this Agreement and has been represented by counsel in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby. Accordingly, any rule of law or any legal decision that would require

 

11

 

 

interpretation of any claimed ambiguities in this Agreement against the drafting party has no application and is expressly waived.

 

Section 8.            No Third-Party Beneficiaries. This Agreement is for the sole benefit of the parties hereto and their respective successors and permitted assigns and nothing in this Agreement expressed or implied shall give or be construed to give to any person or entity, other than the parties hereto and such successors and permitted assigns, any legal or equitable rights under this Agreement; provided, that, each Stockholder Director and Retained Director shall be an express third-party beneficiary of the provisions in Sections 1(k)–(m) and shall be entitled to enforce such provisions as though such Stockholder Director or Retained Director was a party hereto.

 

Section 9.            Further Assurances. From time to time, at another party’s request and without further consideration (but at the requesting party’s reasonable cost and expense), each party shall execute and deliver such additional documents and take all such further action as may be reasonably necessary to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

Section 10.          Execution of Agreement. This Agreement may be executed in one (1) or more counterparts, all of which shall be considered one (1) and the same agreement, and shall become effective when one (1) or more such counterparts have been signed by each of the parties and delivered to the other party. Facsimile or electronic mail transmission of counterpart signatures to this Agreement shall be acceptable and binding.

 

Section 11.          Governing Law

 

(a)          This Agreement and all disputes, claims or controversies relating to, arising out of, or in connection with this Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the internal laws of the State of Delaware applicable to contracts executed in and to be performed in the State of Delaware, without giving effect to any choice of law or conflict of laws, rules or provisions (whether of the State of Delaware or any other jurisdiction) that would cause the application of the laws of any jurisdiction other than the State of Delaware.

 

(b)          Each party irrevocably agrees that any action, claim, complaint, petition, suit, investigation, audit, mediation, litigation, arbitration or other proceeding by or before any Governmental Authority or arbitrator, whether civil or criminal, at law or in equity (each, an “Action” ), arising out of or relating to this Agreement brought by any other party or its successors or assigns shall be brought and determined in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware (or, solely if such courts decline jurisdiction, in any federal court located in the State of Delaware), and each party hereby irrevocably submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the aforesaid courts for itself and with respect to its property, generally and unconditionally, with regard to any such Action arising out of or relating to this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby. Each party agrees not to commence any Action relating thereto except in the courts described above in Delaware, other than actions in any court of competent jurisdiction to enforce any judgment, decree or award rendered by any such court in Delaware as described herein. Each party further agrees that notice as provided herein shall constitute sufficient service of process and each party further waives any argument that such service is insufficient. Each party hereby irrevocably and unconditionally waives, and agrees not to assert, by way of motion

 

12

 

 

or as a defense, counterclaim or otherwise, in any Action arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby, (i) any claim that it is not personally subject to the jurisdiction of the courts in Delaware as described herein for any reason, (ii) that it or its property is exempt or immune from the jurisdiction of any such court or from any legal process commenced in such courts (whether through service of notice, attachment prior to judgment, attachment in aid of execution of judgment, execution of judgment or otherwise) and (iii) that (1) the Action in any such court is brought in an inconvenient forum, (2) the venue of such Action is improper or (3) this Agreement, or the subject matter hereof, may not be enforced in or by such courts. Each party agrees that a final, non-appealable judgment in any action or proceeding so brought shall be conclusive and may be enforced by suit on the judgment or in any other manner provided by law.

 

Section 12.          Waiver of Jury Trial. EACH PARTY HERETO ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT ANY CONTROVERSY WHICH MAY ARISE UNDER THIS AGREEMENT IS LIKELY TO INVOLVE COMPLICATED AND DIFFICULT ISSUES, AND THEREFORE IT HEREBY IRREVOCABLY AND UNCONDITIONALLY WAIVES, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE TO A TRIAL BY JURY IN RESPECT OF ANY LITIGATION DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT. EACH PARTY CERTIFIES AND ACKNOWLEDGES THAT (i) NO REPRESENTATIVE, AGENT OR ATTORNEY OF ANY OTHER PARTY HAS REPRESENTED, EXPRESSLY OR OTHERWISE, THAT SUCH OTHER PARTY WOULD NOT, IN THE EVENT OF LITIGATION, SEEK TO ENFORCE THE FOREGOING WAIVER, (ii) IT UNDERSTANDS AND HAS CONSIDERED THE IMPLICATIONS OF SUCH WAIVER, (iii) IT MAKES SUCH WAIVER VOLUNTARILY AND (iv) IT HAS BEEN INDUCED TO ENTER INTO THIS AGREEMENT BY, AMONG OTHER THINGS, THE MUTUAL WAIVER AND CERTIFICATIONS IN THIS SECTION 12.

 

Section 13.          Entire Agreement. This Agreement contains the entire agreement between the parties hereto with respect to the subject matter hereof, and supersedes any prior agreements or understandings relating to such subject matter between the parties.

 

Section 14.          Severability. It is the desire and intent of the parties that the provisions of this Agreement be enforced to the fullest extent permissible under the laws and public policies applied in each jurisdiction in which enforcement is sought. Accordingly, if any particular provision of this Agreement shall be adjudicated by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, prohibited or unenforceable for any reason, such provision, as to such jurisdiction, shall be ineffective, without invalidating the remaining provisions of this Agreement or affecting the validity or enforceability of this Agreement or affecting the validity or enforceability of such provision in any other jurisdiction. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if such provision could be more narrowly drawn so as not to be invalid, prohibited or unenforceable in such jurisdiction, it shall, as to such jurisdiction, be so narrowly drawn, without invalidating the remaining provisions of this Agreement or affecting the validity or enforceability of such provision in any other jurisdiction.

 

Section 15.          Amendment and Waiver. Except as otherwise provided herein, no modification, amendment or waiver of any provision of this Agreement shall be effective against

 

13

 

 

a party, unless such modification is approved in writing by such party. No failure or delay of any party in exercising any right or remedy hereunder shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any such right or power, or any abandonment or discontinuance of steps to enforce such right or power, or any course of conduct, preclude any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right or power. The rights and remedies of the parties hereunder are cumulative and are not exclusive of any rights or remedies that they would otherwise have hereunder.

 

Section 16.          Termination. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, if any Stockholder ceases to Beneficially Own or control, directly or indirectly, at least eight percent (8%) of the total number of Voting Interests issued and outstanding at any time (a “Stockholder Termination Event” ), then this Agreement shall expire and automatically terminate solely with respect to such Stockholder; provided, however, that Sections 1(k)(m) and Sections 215 shall survive any termination of this Agreement with respect to such Stockholder.

 

[SIGNATURE PAGES FOLLOW]

 

14

 

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have executed this Agreement on the day and year first above written.

 

 

Company:

 

 

 

[DIGITAL MEDIA SOLUTIONS, INC.]

 

 

 

By

 

 

 

Name:

 

 

Title:

 

15

 

 

 

Stockholders:

 

 

 

CLAIRVEST GROUP INC.

 

 

 

By

 

 

 

Name:

 

 

Title:

 

 

 

By

 

 

 

Name:

 

 

Title:

 

 

 

 

PRISM DATA, LLC

 

 

 

By

 

 

 

Name:

 

 

Title:

 

16

 

 

 

LEO INVESTORS LIMITED PARTNERSHIP

 

 

 

By: Leo Investors General Partner Limited, its general partner

 

 

 

By

 

 

 

Name:

 

 

Title:

 

 

 

LION CAPITAL (GUERNSEY) BRIDGECO LIMITED

 

 

 

By

 

 

 

Name:

 

 

Title:

 

17

 

 

Exhibit C

 

AMENDED AND RESTATED REGISTRATION RIGHTS AGREEMENT

 

THIS AMENDED AND RESTATED REGISTRATION RIGHTS AGREEMENT (this “Agreement” ), dated as of [●], 2020, is made and entered into by and among [Digital Media Solutions, Inc.], a Delaware corporation and successor to Leo Holdings Corp., a Cayman Islands exempted company (including any of its successors or assigns, the “Company” ), certain parties identified as “Holders” on the signature pages of this Agreement (each a “Holder” and, collectively, the “Holders” ).

 

RECITALS

 

WHEREAS, the Company and Leo Investors Limited Partnership, a Cayman Islands exempted limited partnership (including any of its successor or assigns, the “Sponsor” ), entered into that certain Registration and Shareholder Rights Agreement, dated as of February 15, 2018 (the “Original RSRA” );

 

WHEREAS, the Company and certain other parties have entered into that certain Business Combination Agreement, dated as of April 23, 2020 (as it may be amended or supplemented from time to time, the “BCA”);

 

WHEREAS, (a) the Sponsor and Robert Bensoussan, Lori Bush and Mary E. Minnick (collectively, the “Director Holders”) hold shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Company (“Class A Common Stock” ) (collectively, the “Founder Shares”) and (b) the Sponsor holds warrants to purchase shares of Class A Common Stock (the “Warrants”);

 

WHEREAS, immediately after giving effect to the Business Combination, (a) Prism Data, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Prism”), CEP V-A DMS AIV Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership (“Clairvest Direct Seller”), Clairvest Equity Partners V Limited Partnership, an Ontario, Canada limited partnership (“Blocker Seller 1”) and CEP V Co-Investment Limited Partnership, a Manitoba, Canada limited partnership (“Blocker Seller 2”, and together with Prism, Clairvest Direct Seller and Blocker Seller 1, the “Sellers”), will hold a combination of Surviving Partnership Common Units (each as defined in the BCA) and certain shares of the Company’s common stock, (b) Lion Capital (Guernsey) Bridgeco Limited, a Guernsey company (“Lion Capital”and, together with the Sponsor and their respective transferees and assignees, the “Lion Holders”), and the Sponsor will hold a combination of shares of Class A Common Stock and Warrants and (c) the Director Holders will hold shares of Class A Common Stock;

 

WHEREAS, the Company and the Holders desire to enter into this Agreement, pursuant to which the Company shall grant the Holders, including the Lion Holders and the Sellers, certain registration rights with respect to the securities of the Company, as set forth in this Agreement; and

 

WHEREAS, in connection with the execution of this Agreement, the Company and the Sponsor desire to terminate the Original RSRA and replace it with this Agreement.

 

 
 

 

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the representations, covenants and agreements contained herein, and certain other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto, intending to be legally bound, hereby agree as follows:

 

Article I
DEFINITIONS

 

1.1          Definitions. The terms defined in this Article I shall, for all purposes of this Agreement, have the respective meanings set forth below:

 

Adverse Disclosure”means any public disclosure of material non-public information, which disclosure, in the good faith judgment of the chief executive officer or principal financial officer of the Company, after consultation with counsel to the Company, (a) would be required to be made in any Registration Statement or Prospectus in order for the applicable Registration Statement or Prospectus not to contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements contained therein (in the case of any prospectus and any preliminary prospectus, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made) not misleading, (b) would not be required to be made at such time if the Registration Statement were not being filed, and (c) the Company has a bona fide business purpose for not making such information public.

 

Affiliate“means, with respect to any person, any other person who directly or indirectly, through one (1) or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such person. The term “control”means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise, and the terms “controlled”and “controlling”have meanings correlative thereto.

 

Agreement”has the meaning given in the Preamble.

 

Automatic Shelf Registration Statement”has the meaning set forth in Rule 405 promulgated by the Commission pursuant to the Securities Act.

 

BCA”has the meaning given in the Recitals hereto.

 

Business Combination”means the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the BCA.

 

Closing Date”means [●], 2020.

 

Commission”means the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Class A Common Stock”has the meaning given in the Recitals hereto.

 

Company”has the meaning given in the Preamble.

 

Demanding Holder”has the meaning given in subsection 2.1.3.

 

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Director Holders”has the meaning given in the Recitals hereto.

 

Exchange Act”means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as it may be amended from time to time.

 

Form S-1 Shelf”has the meaning given in subsection 2.1.1.

 

Form S-3 Shelf”has the meaning given in subsection 2.1.1.

 

Founder Shares”is defined in the Recitals hereto.

 

Founder Shares Lock-up Period”means, with respect to the Founder Shares, the period ending on the earlier of (a) one (1) year after the completion of the Business Combination or (b) subsequent to the Business Combination, (i) if the closing price of the Surviving Company Class A Common Stock equals or exceeds $12.00 per share (as adjusted for share splits, share capitalizations, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) for any 20 trading days within any 30-trading day period commencing at least 150 days after the Business Combination or (ii) the date on which the Company completes a liquidation, merger, share exchange or other similar transaction that results in all of the Company’s shareholders having the right to exchange their Class A Common Stock for cash, securities or other property.

 

Holders”means the Lion Holders, the Sellers, the Director Holders and any person or entity who hereafter becomes a party to this Agreement pursuant to Section 5.2 of this Agreement.

 

Holder Information has the meaning given in subsection 4.1.2.

 

Maximum Number of Securities”has the meaning given in subsection 2.1.4.

 

Lion Capital”has the meaning given in the Recitals hereto.

 

Lion Holders”has the meaning given in the Recitals hereto.

 

Seller Lock-up Period”means the period beginning on the Closing Date and ending on the date that is six (6) months after the Closing Date.

 

Minimum Takedown Threshold”has the meaning given in subsection 2.1.3.

 

Misstatement”means an untrue statement of a material fact or an omission to state a material fact required to be stated in a Registration Statement or Prospectus, or necessary to make the statements in a Registration Statement or Prospectus, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

 

Original RSRA”has the meaning given in the Recitals hereto.

 

Piggyback Registration”has the meaning given in subsection 2.2.1.

 

Permitted Transferee”means, in the case of any Holder, a person to whom, or entity to which, Registrable Securities are transferred by such Holder; provided that (a) such transfer does

 

3

 

 

not violate the Company’s governing documents, or any agreements between such Holder and the Company or any of the Company’s subsidiaries and (b) such transferee shall only be a Permitted Transferee if and to the extent the transferor designates the transferee as a Permitted Transferee entitled to rights hereunder pursuant to subsection 5.2.3.

 

Prospectus”means the prospectus included in any Registration Statement, (including, without limitation, a prospectus that includes any information previously omitted from a prospectus filed as part of an effective Registration Statement in reliance on Rules 430A or 430B under the Securities Act or any successor rule thereto), as supplemented by any and all prospectus supplements and as amended by any and all post-effective amendments and including all material incorporated by reference in such prospectus.

 

Registrable Security”means at any time (a) any outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock (which shall include all shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exchange of Surviving Partnership Units outstanding on the date of this Agreement, or the exercise of any Warrants) and (b) any Warrants, in each case, held by a Holder (other than any security received pursuant to an incentive plan adopted by the Company or its subsidiaries on or after the Closing Date); provided, however, that, as to any particular Registrable Security, such securities shall cease to constitute Registrable Securities upon the earliest to occur of: (i) the date on which such securities have been sold, transferred, disposed of or exchanged pursuant to an effective registration statement or Rule 144 under the Securities Act; and (ii) the date on which such securities cease to be outstanding.

 

Registration”means a registration, including any related Shelf Takedown, effected by preparing and filing a registration statement, prospectus or similar document in compliance with the requirements of the Securities Act, and the applicable rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, and such registration statement becoming effective.

 

Registration Expenses”means the out-of-pocket expenses of a Registration, including, without limitation, the following:

 

(a)

all registration and filing fees (including fees with respect to filings required to be made with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.) and any securities exchange on which the Class A Common Stock is then listed;

 

(b)

fees and expenses of compliance with securities or blue sky laws (including reasonable fees and disbursements of counsel for the Underwriters in connection with blue sky qualifications of Registrable Securities);

 

(c)

printing, messenger, telephone and delivery expenses;

 

(d)

reasonable fees and disbursements of counsel for the Company;

 

(e)

reasonable fees and disbursements of all independent registered public accountants of the Company incurred specifically in connection with such Registration; and

 

4

 

 

(f)

reasonable fees and expenses of one (1) legal counsel selected by the majority-in-interest of the Demanding Holders in an Underwritten Offering.

 

Registration Statement”means any registration statement that covers the Registrable Securities pursuant to the provisions of this Agreement, including the Prospectus included in such registration statement, amendments (including post-effective amendments) and supplements to such registration statement, and all exhibits to and all material incorporated by reference in such registration statement.

 

Requesting Holder”means any Holder requesting piggyback rights pursuant to this Agreement with respect to an Underwritten Shelf Takedown.

 

Securities Act”means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended from time to time.

 

Shelf”has the meaning given in subsection 2.1.1.

 

Shelf Registration”means a registration of securities pursuant to a registration statement filed with the Commission in accordance with and pursuant to Rule 415 promulgated under the Securities Act (or any successor rule then in effect).

 

Shelf Takedown means an Underwritten Shelf Takedown or any proposed transfer or sale using a Registration Statement, including a Piggyback Registration.

 

Sponsor”has the meaning given in the Recitals hereto.

 

Seller has the meaning given in the Recitals hereto.

 

Subsequent Shelf Registration”has the meaning given in subsection 2.1.2.

 

Surviving Partnership Common Units”has the meaning given in the BCA.

 

Underwriter”means any investment banker(s) and manager(s) appointed to administer the offering of any Registerable Securities as principal in an Underwriting Offering.

 

Underwritten Offering”means a Registration in which securities of the Company are sold to an Underwriter for distribution to the public.

 

Underwritten Shelf Takedown”has the meaning given in subsection 2.1.3.

 

Warrants”has the meaning given in the Recitals hereto.

 

Well-Known Seasoned Issuer”has the meaning set forth in Rule 405 promulgated by the Commission pursuant to the Securities Act.

 

Withdrawal Notice”has the meaning given in subsection 2.1.5.