0001213900-22-024226.txt : 20220506 0001213900-22-024226.hdr.sgml : 20220506 20220505160145 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001213900-22-024226 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-Q PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 59 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20220331 FILED AS OF DATE: 20220505 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20220505 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: Inmune Bio, Inc. CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001711754 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS (NO DIAGNOSTIC SUBSTANCES) [2836] IRS NUMBER: 475205835 STATE OF INCORPORATION: NV FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-Q SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-38793 FILM NUMBER: 22896035 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 225 NE MIZNER BLVD, SUITE 640 CITY: BOCA RATON STATE: FL ZIP: 33432 BUSINESS PHONE: 8589643720 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 225 NE MIZNER BLVD, SUITE 640 CITY: BOCA RATON STATE: FL ZIP: 33432 10-Q 1 f10q0322_inmunebioinc.htm QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2022

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

INMUNE BIO INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   47-5205835
(State of incorporation)   (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

David Moss

225 NE Mizner Blvd., Suite 640

Boca Raton, FL 33432

(Address of principal executive office) (Zip code)

 

(858) 964-3720

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period than the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company    

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share   INMB   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

As of May 5, 2022, there were 17,945,995 shares of our common stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

INMUNE BIO INC.

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2022

 

INDEX

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION 1
     
Item 1. Financial Statements 1
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 16
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk 23
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 23
     
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION 24
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 24
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 24
     
Item 2. Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities; Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities 24
     
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 24
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 24
     
Item 5. Other Information 24
     
Item 6. Exhibits 24

 

i

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements 

INMUNE BIO, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

   

March 31,

2022

   

December 31,

2021

 
ASSETS                
CURRENT ASSETS                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 66,729     $ 74,810  
Research and development tax credit receivable     5,149       4,913  
Other tax receivable     499       591  
Prepaid expenses     4,668       2,278  
Prepaid expenses – related party     14       14  
                 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS     77,059       82,606  
                 
Operating lease – right of use asset – related party     681       726  
Other assets     99       99  
Acquired in-process research and development intangible assets     16,514       16,514  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS   $ 94,353     $ 99,945  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
                 
CURRENT LIABILITIES                
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   $ 2,551     $ 3,733  
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities – related parties     9       80  
Deferred liabilities     584       474  
Operating lease, current liabilities     82       72  
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES     3,226       4,359  
                 
Long-term debt, less debt discount     14,514       14,458  
Long-term operating lease liabilities     684       704  
Accrued liability – long-term     287       199  
TOTAL LIABILITIES     18,711       19,720  
                 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES    
 
     
 
 
                 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding    
-
     
-
 
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 17,945,995 and 17,843,303 shares issued and outstanding, respectively     18       18  
Additional paid-in capital     146,186       143,921  
Accumulated other comprehensive income     56       1  
Accumulated deficit     (70,618 )     (63,715 )
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     75,642       80,225  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   $ 94,353     $ 99,945  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 

 

INMUNE BIO, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

   Three months ended
March 31,
 
   2022   2021 
         
REVENUE  $163   $4 
           
OPERATING EXPENSES          
General and administrative   2,332    2,061 
Research and development   4,309    2,491 
Total operating expenses   6,641    4,552 
           
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS   (6,478)   (4,548)
           
OTHER EXPENSE          
Other expense, net   (425)   (8)
Total other expense, net   (425)   (8)
           
NET LOSS  $(6,903)  $(4,556)
           
Net loss per common share – basic and diluted  $(0.39)  $(0.32)
           
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – basic and diluted   17,870,285    14,322,659 
           
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS          
Net loss  $(6,903)  $(4,556)
Other comprehensive income  – foreign currency translation   55    1 
Total comprehensive loss  $(6,848)  $(4,555)

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

INMUNE BIO, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2022 

(In thousands, except share amounts)

(Unaudited) 

 

               Accumulated         
           Additional   Other       Total 
   Common Stock   Paid-In   Comprehensive   Accumulated   Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Income   Deficit   Equity 
Balance as of December 31, 2021   17,843,303   $      18   $143,921   $             1   $(63,715)  $80,225 
Issuance of common stock for cash   82,900    
-
    699    
-
    
-
    699 
Exercise of warrants for cash   19,792    
-
    30    
-
    
-
    30 
Stock-based compensation   -    
-
    1,536    
-
    
-
    1,536 
Gain on foreign currency translation   -    
-
    
-
    55    
-
    55 
Net loss   -    
-
    
-
    
-
    (6,903)   (6,903)
Balance as of March 31, 2022   17,945,995   $18   $146,186   $56   $(70,618)  $75,642 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2021

(In thousands, except share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

               Accumulated         
           Additional   Other       Total 
   Common Stock   Paid-In   Comprehensive   Accumulated   Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Income   Deficit   Equity 
Balance as of December 31, 2020   13,481,283   $       13   $72,105   $       11   $(33,375)  $38,754 
Issuance of common stock for cash   1,439,480    2    28,444    
-
    
-
    28,446 
Exercise of warrants for cash   11,875    
-
    18    
-
    
-
    18 
Stock-based compensation   -    
-
    899    
-
    
-
    899 
Gain on foreign currency translation   -    
-
    
-
    1    
-
    1 
Net loss   -    
-
    
-
    
-
    (4,556)   (4,556)
Balance as of March 31, 2021   14,932,638   $15   $101,466   $12   $(37,931)  $63,562 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

INMUNE BIO, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS 

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

    For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
    2022     2021  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:            
Net loss   $ (6,903 )   $ (4,556 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                
Stock-based compensation     1,536       899  
Accretion of debt discount     56      
-
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Research and development tax credit receivable     (236 )     (504 )
Other tax receivable     92       (41 )
Prepaid expenses     (2,390 )     (1,294 )
Prepaid expenses – related party    
-
      (15 )
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     (1,182     54  
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities – related parties     (71 )     (24 )
Deferred liabilities     110       401  
Accrued liability – long-term     88      
-
 
Operating lease liabilities     35       (12 )
Net cash used in operating activities     (8,865 )     (5,092 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                
Net proceeds from sale of common stock     699       28,446  
Net proceeds from the exercise of warrants     30       18  
Net cash provided by financing activities     729       28,464  
                 
Impact on cash from foreign currency translation     55       1  
                 
NET (DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH     (8,081 )     23,373  
                 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD     74,810       21,967  
                 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD   $ 66,729     $ 45,340  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOWS INFORMATION:                
Cash paid for income taxes   $
-
    $
-
 
Cash paid for interest expense   $ 291     $
-
 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5

 

 

INMUNE BIO, INC.

 

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

  

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

INmune Bio, Inc. (the “Company” or “INmune Bio”) was organized in the State of Nevada on September 25, 2015, and is a clinical stage biotechnology pharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing its product candidates to treat diseases where the innate immune system is not functioning normally and contributing to the patient’s disease. INmune Bio has two product platforms. The DN-TNF product platform (XPro1595, XPro™, pegipanermin) utilizes dominant-negative technology to selectively neutralize soluble TNF, a key driver of innate immune dysfunction and mechanistic target of many diseases. DN-TNF is currently being developed for Alzheimer’s and treatment resistant depression (XPro™) and cancer (INB03). The Natural Killer Cell Priming Platform includes INKmune™ aimed at priming the patient’s NK cells to eliminate minimal residual disease in patients with cancer. INmune Bio’s product platforms utilize a precision medicine approach for the treatment of a wide variety of hematologic malignancies, solid tumors and chronic inflammation.

 

NOTE 2 – LIQUIDITY

 

As of March 31, 2022, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $70,618,000 and experienced losses since its inception. Losses have principally occurred as a result of the substantial resources required for research and development of the Company’s products, which included the general and administrative expenses associated with its organization and product development as well as the lack of sources of revenues until such time as the Company’s products are commercialized.

 

To meet its current and future obligations the Company has taken the following steps to capitalize the business and achieve its business plan: 

 

 

During March 2022, the Company sold 82,900 shares of common stock to certain officers and directors of the Company at a price per share of $8.43 (which was the closing price of the Company’s common stock on March 22, 2022) for gross proceeds of $0.7 million  

     
  During July 2021, the Company completed a registered direct public offering in which it sold 1,818,182 shares of common stock to investors for estimated net proceeds of $36.9 million.

 

  During June 2021, the Company entered into a loan and security agreement and drew down a $15.0 million term loan.

 

  During March 2021, the Company entered into a sales agreement with BTIG, LLC (“BTIG”), as agent, to establish an At-The-Market (“ATM”) offering of up to $45 million of common stock (the “2021 ATM”), subject to certain limitations on the amount of common stock that may be offered and sold by the Company set forth in the sales agreement. The Company is required to pay BTIG a commission of 3% of the gross proceeds from the sale of shares. The Company has sold 713,192 shares of its common stock at an average price of $21.73 through the 2021 ATM for net proceeds of $14.9 million.

 

Although it is difficult to predict the Company’s liquidity requirements, as of March 31, 2022, and based upon the Company’s current operating plan, the Company believes that it will have sufficient cash to meet its projected operating requirements for at least the next 12 months following the filing date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q based on the balance of cash available as of March 31, 2022. The Company anticipates that it will continue to incur net losses for the foreseeable future as it continues the development of its clinical drug candidates and preclinical programs and incurs additional costs associated with being a public company.

 

6

 

 

NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”), and pursuant to the accounting and disclosure rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of INmune Bio, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.

 

In the opinion of management, the interim financial information includes all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. These unaudited consolidated interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2021 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on March 3, 2022.

 

Risks and Uncertainties

 

The Company is subject to risks and uncertainties as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business is highly uncertain and difficult to predict. Also, economies worldwide have also been negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, however policymakers around the globe have responded with fiscal policy actions to support the healthcare industry and economy as a whole. The magnitude and overall effectiveness of these actions remain uncertain.

 

In addition, the Company’s clinical trials have been affected by and may continue to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Clinical site initiation and patient enrollment have and may continue to be delayed due to prioritization of hospital resources toward the COVID-19 pandemic. Some patients have not and others may not be able to comply with clinical trial protocols if quarantines impede patient movement or interrupt healthcare services. Similarly, the ability to recruit and retain patients and principal investigators and site staff who, as healthcare providers, may have heightened exposure to COVID-19, may adversely impact the Company’s clinical trial operations.

 

The severity of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business will depend on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, the duration and severity of the pandemic and the extent and severity of the impact on the Company’s service providers, suppliers, contract research organizations (“CROs”) and the Company’s clinical trials, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. As of the date of issuance of Company’s financial statements, the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may materially impact the Company’s financial condition, liquidity or results of operations is uncertain.

 

Use of Estimates

 

Preparing financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses. Actual results and outcomes may differ from management’s estimates and assumptions.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all short-term, highly liquid investments with an original maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company maintains cash balances that may be uninsured or in deposit accounts that exceed Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation limits. The Company maintains its cash deposits with major financial institutions.

 

7

 

 

Research and Development Tax Incentive Receivable

 

The Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary in Australia (“AUS”), participates in the Australian research and development tax incentive program, such that a percentage of our qualifying research and development expenditures are reimbursed by the Australian government, and such incentives are reflected as a reduction of research and development expense. The Australian research and development tax incentive is recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the incentive will be received, the relevant expenditure has been incurred and the amount of the consideration can be reliably measured. At each period end, management estimates the reimbursement available to the Company based on available information at the time.

 

The Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary in the United Kingdom (“UK”), participates in the research and development program provided by the United Kingdom tax relief program, such that a percentage of our qualifying research and development expenditures are reimbursed by the United Kingdom government, and such incentives are reflected as a reduction of research and development expense. The United Kingdom research and development tax incentive is recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the incentive will be received, the relevant expenditure has been incurred and the amount of the consideration can be reliably measured. At each period end, management estimates the reimbursement available to the Company based on available information at the time.

 

Intangible Assets

 

The Company capitalizes costs incurred in connection with in-process research and development purchased from others if the asset has alternative uses and such uses are not restricted under applicable license agreements; patent applications (principally legal fees), patent purchases, and trademarks related to its cell line as intangible assets. Acquired in-process research and development costs that do not have alternative uses are expensed as incurred. When the assets are determined to have a finite life (upon completion of the development of the in-process research and development for its DN-TNF platform), the useful life will be determined and the in-process research and development intangible assets will be amortized.

 

During the fourth quarter and if business factors indicate more frequently, the Company performs an assessment of the qualitative factors affecting the fair value of our in-process research and development. If the qualitative assessment suggests that impairment is more likely than not, a quantitative analysis is performed. The quantitative analysis involves a comparison of the fair value of the in-process research and development with the carrying amount. If the carrying amount of the in-process research and development exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess. 

   

Basic and Diluted Loss per Share

 

Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of outstanding common shares during the period. Diluted loss per share gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive loss per share excludes all potential common shares if their effect is anti-dilutive. For all periods presented, there is no difference in the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted shares outstanding due to the Company’s net loss position.

 

At March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company had potentially issuable shares as follows:

 

   March 31, 
   2022   2021 
Stock options   4,859,333    3,655,549 
Warrants   80,221    2,126,047 
Total   4,939,554    5,781,596 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue when the customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The Company recognizes revenue following the five-step model prescribed under ASC Topic 606: (1) identify contract(s) with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognize revenues when (or as) the Company satisfies the performance obligations. The Company records the expenses related to revenue in research and development expense, in the periods such expenses were incurred.

 

The Company records deferred revenues when cash payments are received or due in advance of performance, including amounts which are refundable.

 

8

 

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair value of stock option awards at the date of grant, which requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including expected volatility and expected life. Changes in these inputs and assumptions can materially affect the measure of estimated fair value of our share-based compensation. These assumptions are subjective and generally require significant analysis and judgment to develop. When estimating fair value, some of the assumptions will be based on, or determined from, external data and other assumptions may be derived from our historical experience with stock-based payment arrangements. The appropriate weight to place on historical experience is a matter of judgment, based on relevant facts and circumstances. The Company accounts for forfeitures of stock options as they occur.

 

Research and Development

 

Research and development (“R&D”) costs are expensed as incurred. Research and development credits are recorded by the Company as a reduction of research and development costs. Major components of research and development costs include cash compensation, stock-based compensation, costs of preclinical studies, clinical trials and related clinical manufacturing, costs of drug development, costs of materials and supplies, facilities cost, overhead costs, regulatory and compliance costs, and fees paid to consultants and other entities that conduct certain research and development activities on the Company’s behalf.

 

The Company recognizes grants as contra research and development expense in the consolidated statement of operations on a systematic basis over the periods in which the entity recognizes as expenses the related costs for which the grants are intended to compensate.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company follows the liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying values and their respective income tax basis (temporary differences). The effect on deferred income tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

The Company’s financial statements are presented in the U.S. dollar (“$”), which is the Company’s reporting currency, while its functional currencies are the U.S. Dollar for its U.S. based operations, British Pound (“GBP”) for its United Kingdom-based operations and Australian Dollars (“AUD”) for its Australian-based operations. All assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rate on the balance sheet date, stockholders’ equity is translated at historical rates and statement of operations items are translated at the weighted average exchange rate for the period. The resulting translation adjustments are reported under other comprehensive income. Gains and losses resulting from the translations of foreign currency transactions and balances are reflected in the statement of operations and comprehensive income (loss).

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, as clarified in subsequent amendments. ASU 2016-13 changes the impairment model for certain financial instruments. The new model is a forward-looking expected loss model and will apply to financial assets subject to credit losses and measured at amortized cost and certain off-balance sheet credit exposures. This includes loans, held-to-maturity debt securities, loan commitments, financial guarantees and net investments in leases, as well as trade receivables. For available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses, credit losses will be measured in a manner similar to today, except that the losses will be recognized as allowances rather than reductions in the amortized cost of the securities. In October 2019, the FASB voted to delay the effective date of this standard. Topic 326 will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2023. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the effect that this ASU will have on its condensed financial position, results of operations, and disclosures.

 

Subsequent Events

 

The Company evaluates events that have occurred after the balance sheet date of March 31, 2022, through the date which the financial statements are issued.

 

9

 

 

NOTE 4 – RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY

 

According to UK tax law, the Company is allowed an R&D tax credit that reduces a company’s tax bill in the UK for expenses incurred in R&D subject to certain requirements. The Company’s UK subsidiary submits R&D tax credit requests annually for research and development expenses incurred. At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company recorded a research and development tax credit receivable in the amount of $3,225,000 and $3,319,000, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company received $0 of R&D tax credit reimbursements from the UK.

 

According to AUS tax law, the Company is allowed an R&D tax credit that reduces a company’s tax bill in AUS for expenses incurred in R&D subject to certain requirements. The Company’s Australian subsidiary submits R&D tax credit requests annually for research and development expenses incurred. At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company recorded a research and development tax credit receivable of $1,924,000 and $1,594,000, respectively, for R&D expenses incurred in Australia. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company received $0 R&D tax credit reimbursements from Australia.

 

Xencor, Inc. License Agreement

 

On October 3, 2017, the Company entered into a license agreement (“Xencor License Agreement”) with Xencor, Inc. (“Xencor”), which discovered and developed a proprietary biological molecule that inhibits soluble tumor necrosis factor. During June 2021, the Company entered into the First Amendment to License Agreement. Pursuant to the Xencor License Agreement, Xencor granted the Company an exclusive worldwide, royalty-bearing license in licensed patent rights, licensed know-how and licensed materials (as defined in the license agreement) to make, develop, use, sell and import any pharmaceutical product that comprises, contains, or incorporates Xencor’s proprietary protein known as “XPro” that inhibits soluble tumor necrosis factor (or all modifications, formulations and variants of the licensed protein that specifically bind soluble tumor necrosis factor) alone or in combination with one or more active ingredients, in any dosage or formulation (“Licensed Products”). The Company believes the protein has numerous medical applications. Such additional alternative applications of the technology are available under the Xencor License Agreement. As part of the purchase price for entering into the Xencor License Agreement, the Company issued Xencor fully vested warrants to purchase an additional number of shares of common stock equal to 10% of the fully diluted company shares immediately following such purchase. On June 10, 2021, the Company and Xencor entered into an Option Cancellation Agreement whereby Xencor terminated its warrant to purchase 10% of the fully diluted shares of the Company in exchange for a cash payment of $15,000,000 and 192,533 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company filed a registration statement covering the resale of these shares during September 2021 and agreed to keep the registration statement continuously effective until all such shares cease to be outstanding or otherwise cease to be registrable securities as defined in the Option Cancellation Agreement.

 

The Company also agreed to pay Xencor a royalty on Net Sales of all Licensed Products in a given calendar year, which are payable on a country-by- country and licensed product by licensed product basis until the date that is the later of (a) the expiration of the last to expire valid claim covering such Licensed Product in such country or (b) ten years following the first sale to a third party of the licensed product in such country. In addition, the Company agreed to pay Xencor a percentage of any sublicensing revenue that it receives.

 

INKmune License Agreement

 

On October 29, 2015, the Company entered into an exclusive license agreement (the “INKmune License Agreement”) with Immune Ventures, LLC (“Immune Ventures”). Pursuant to the INKmune License Agreement, the Company was granted exclusive worldwide rights to the patents, including rights to incorporate any improvements or additions to the patents that may be developed in the future. In consideration for the patent rights, the Company agreed to the following milestone payments:

 

(in thousands)

Each Phase I initiation  $25 
Each Phase II initiation  $250 
Each Phase III initiation  $350 
Each NDA/EMA filing  $1,000 
Each NDA/EMA awarded  $9,000 

 

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In addition, the Company agreed to pay the licensor a royalty of 1% of net sales during the life of each patent granted to the Company. The License is owned by Immune Ventures. RJ Tesi, the Company’s President and a member of our Board of Directors, David Moss, its Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer and Mark Lowdell, its Chief Scientific Officer, are the owners of Immune Ventures. No sales have occurred under this license.

 

The term of the agreement began on October 29, 2015 and ends on a country-by-country basis on the date of the expiration of the last to expire patent rights where patent rights exists, unless terminated earlier in accordance with the agreement. Upon the termination of the agreement, we shall have a fully paid up, perpetual, royalty-free license without further obligation to Immune Ventures. The agreement can be terminated by Immune Ventures if, after 60 days from the Company’s receipt of notice that the Company has not made a payment under the agreement, and the Company still does not make this payment. On July 20, 2018, the parties amended the agreement under which the Company was required achieve milestones pursuant to the agreement. On October 30, 2020, the parties executed an additional amendment to the agreement under which the Company is required to achieve the following milestones:

  

Initiation of Phase II clinical trials or equivalent by October 29, 2023

 

Initiation of Phase III clinical trials or equivalent by October 29, 2025

 

Filing of NDA or equivalent by October 29, 2026 or equivalent

 

If the Company doesn’t achieve the above milestones, it is required to negotiate in good faith with Immune Ventures to determine how it can either remedy the failure or achieve an alternate development. If the Company fails to make any required efforts, or if the efforts do not remedy the situation within 60 days of written notice by Immune Ventures, then Immune Ventures may provide notice to terminate the license or convert it to a non-exclusive license.

 

University of Pittsburg License Agreement

 

On October 3, 2017, the Company entered into an Assignment and Assumption Agreement with Immune Ventures related to intellectual property licensed from the University of Pittsburgh. Pursuant to the Assignment and Assumption Agreement (“Assignment Agreement”), Immune Ventures assigned all of its rights, obligations and liabilities under an Exclusive License Agreement between the University of Pittsburgh – Of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education (“Licensor”) and Immune Ventures to INmune Bio (“Licensee”), (the “PITT Agreement”).

 

Consideration under the PITT Agreement includes: (i) annual maintenance fees, (ii) royalty payments based on the sale of products making use of the licensed technology, and (iii) milestone payments.

  

Annual maintenance fees under the PITT Agreement include the following:

 

(in thousands)

June 26 of each year 2021-2022  $5 
June 26 of each year 2023-2024  $10 
June 26 of each year 2025 until first commercial sale  $25 

 

Upon first commercial sale of a product making use of the licensed technology under the PITT Agreement, the Licensee is required to pay royalties equal to 2.5% of Net Sales each calendar quarter.

 

Moreover, under the PITT Agreement the Licensee is required to make milestone payments as follows:

 

(in thousands)

Each Phase I initiation  $50 
Each Phase III initiation  $500 
First commercial sale of product making use of licensed technology  $1,250 

 

The Company had no amounts owed pursuant to the PITT Agreement as of March 31, 2022.

 

The PITT Agreement expires upon the earlier of: (i) expiration of the last claim of the Patent Rights (as defined in the PITT Agreement) forming the subject matter of the PITT Agreement; or (ii) the date that is 20 years from the effective date of the agreement (June 26, 2037).

 

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The Licensee may terminate the PITT Agreement upon 3 months prior written notice provided all payments under the license are current. The Licensor may terminate the PITT Agreement upon written notice if: (i) Licensee defaults as to performance of material obligations which have not been cured within 60 days after receiving written notice; or (ii) Licensee ceases to carry out its business, becomes bankrupt or insolvent, applies for or consents to the appointment of a trustee, receiver or liquidator of its assets or seeks relief under any law for the aid of debtors.

 

NOTE 5 – LEASE 

 

In May 2019, the Company signed a sublease agreement with a related party for office space in La Jolla, California, which served as the former headquarters of the Company. The lease has a 61-month term, which corresponds to the lease term of the lessor. The lessor is CTI Clinical Trial & Consulting Services (“CTI”). CTI is majority-owned by a member of the Company’s Board of Directors. During 2021, the Company moved its corporate headquarters to Boca Raton, Florida. The Company intends to sublease its office space in La Jolla.

 

In September 2021, the Company signed a lease with a third party for office space in Boca Raton, Florida. The lease agreement has a 64-month term and commenced during the fourth quarter of 2021.

 

Below is a summary of the Company’s right-of-use assets and liabilities:

 

(in thousands, except years and rate)  March 31,
2022
   December 31,
2021
 
Right-of-use asset (La Jolla lease)  $108   $118 
Right-of-use asset (Boca Raton lease)   573    608 
Total  $681   $726 
           
Operating lease, current liability (La Jolla lease)  $66   $52 
Operating lease, current liability (Boca Raton lease)   16    20 
Total   82    72 
           
Long-term operating lease liability (La Jolla lease)   73    84 
Long-term operating lease liability (Boca Raton lease)   611    620 
    684    704 
Total lease liability  $766   $776 
           
Weighted-average remaining lease term   4.5 years    4.6 years 
           
Weighted-average discount rate   11.70%   11.70%

 

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NOTE 6 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

UCL

 

At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company owed UCL Consultants Limited (“UCL”) $9,000 and $10,000, respectively, in connection with medical research performed on behalf of the Company. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company paid UCL $32,000 and $88,000, respectively, for medical research performed on behalf of the Company. At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company recorded $14,000 of prepaid expenses – related party for payments made to UCL in advance of services to be provided. UCL is a wholly owned subsidiary of the University of London. The Company’s Chief Scientific and Manufacturing Officer is a professor at the University of London.

  

AmplifyBio

 

At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company owed AmplifyBio $0 and $70,000, respectively in connection with medical research performed on behalf of the Company. The CEO of AmplifyBio is on the Board of Directors of the Company. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company paid AmplifyBio $80,000 and $0, respectively, for pre-clinical research performed on behalf of the Company.

 

NOTE 7 – DEBT

 

On June 10, 2021, the Company entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “Term Loan”) with Silicon Valley Bank and SVB Innovation Credit Fund VIII, L.P., together (the “Lenders”).  The Term Loan provides for a $15.0 million term loan, of which the Company borrowed the entire amount on June 10, 2021, and is secured by the Company’s assets.  The Term Loan also provides for the Company to request an additional $5.0 million term loan from the Lenders, which may be granted or denied at the sole discretion of the Lenders.

 

The term loan and debt discount are as follows as of March 31, 2022:

 

(in thousands) 

Term Loan  $15,000 
Less: debt discount and financing costs, net   (486)
Less: current portion   
-
 
Long-term debt  $14,514 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company recognized interest expense of $435,000 related to the Term Loan. 

 

The Company is required to make interest only payments monthly until July 1, 2023 at which time the Company shall make interest and principal payments monthly through the maturity date of January 1, 2025.  All outstanding principal and accrued and unpaid interest will be due and payable on the maturity date.  The Term Loan provides for an annual interest rate equal to the greater of (i) the prime rate then in effect as reported in The Wall Street Journal plus 4.50% and (ii) 7.75%. At March 31, 2022, the interest rate was 8.0%.

 

The Term Loan includes a final payment fee equal to 6.5% of the original principal amount borrowed payable on the earlier of the repayment of the loan in full and the maturity date.  The Company has the option to prepay the outstanding balance of the term loans in full, subject to a prepayment premium of (i) 3% of the original principal amount borrowed for any prepayment on or prior to the first anniversary of the loan, (ii) 2% of the original principal amount borrowed for any prepayment after the first anniversary and on or before the second anniversary of the loan or (iii) 1% of the original principal amount borrowed for any prepayment after the second anniversary of the loan but before the maturity date.

 

The expected repayment of the $15.0 million Term loan principal is as follows as of March 31, 2022:

 

(in thousands, except years)

2022  $
-
 
2023   5,833 
2024   9,167 
Total debt   15,000 

 

Upon the occurrence of certain events, including but not limited to the Company’s failure to satisfy its payment obligations under the Term Loan, the breach of certain of its other covenants under the Term Loan, or the occurrence of a material adverse change, the Lenders will have the right, among other remedies, to declare all principal and interest immediately due and payable, and will have the right to receive the final payment fee and, if the payment of principal and interest is due prior to maturity, the applicable prepayment fee. The Company was in compliance with its debt covenants at March 31, 2022.

 

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NOTE 8 – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Common Stock – Issuance to Directors and Officers

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, directors and officers of the Company purchased 82,900 shares of the Company’s common stock  at a per share of $8.43 (which was the closing price of the Company’s common stock on March 22, 2022) for gross proceeds of $699,000.

 

Common Stock – At the Market Offering

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company sold 1,439,480 shares of its common stock for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $29.0 million (net proceeds of approximately $28.4 million) under the 2020 ATM program. The Company paid BTIG commissions and fees of $582,000 in connection with the sale of these shares.

  

Stock options

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company granted certain employees and directors options to purchase 789,000 shares of its common stock pursuant to the 2021 Incentive Stock Plans. The stock options have a fair value of approximately $5.3 million that was calculated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. Variables used in the Black-Scholes option-pricing model include: (1) discount rate of 1.60% - 2.36% based on the applicable US Treasury bill rate (2) expected life of 6.010.0 years, (3) expected volatility of approximately 105% - 108% based on the trading history of similar companies, and (4) zero expected dividends.

 

The following table summarizes stock option activity during the three months ended March 31, 2022:

 

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts) 

Number of

Shares

  

Weighted- average

Exercise

Price

  

Weighted-average

Remaining

Contractual

Term (years)

  

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value

 
Outstanding at January 1, 2022   4,097,000   $8.67    7.21   $14,414 
Options granted   789,000   $8.03    
-
    
-
 
Options exercised   
-
   $
-
    
-
    
-
 
Options cancelled   (26,667)  $10.38    
-
    
-
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2022   4,859,333   $8.65    7.70   $9,026 
Exercisable at March 31, 2022   2,942,016   $6.62    6.72   $6,793 

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of approximately $1.5 million and $0.9 million, respectively, related to the vesting of stock options. As of March 31, 2022, there was approximately $17.1 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock options which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.64 years.

 

Warrants

 

The Company issued warrants to the Company’s lenders upon obtaining its loan in June 2021. The warrants have a 10-year term and an exercise price of $14.05. At March 31, 2022, 45,386 of these warrants are outstanding and the intrinsic value of these warrants is $0.

 

The Company issued warrants to its placement agents in connection with its February 2019 initial public offering. The warrants are exercisable until December 19, 2023 and have an exercise price of $9.60. At March 31, 2021, 28,688 of these warrants are outstanding and the intrinsic value is $0.

 

During 2017, the Company issued warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock to a third party in conjunction with common stock sold for cash. The warrants had a $1.50 exercise price. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the 19,792 of these warrants were exercised for cash proceeds of approximately $30,000. At March 31, 2022, none of these warrants are outstanding.

 

Stock-based Compensation by Class of Expense

 

The following summarizes the components of stock-based compensation expense in the consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 respectively:

 

(in thousands)  Three
Months
Ended
March 31,
2022
   Three
Months
Ended
March 31,
2021
 
Research and development  $573   $186 
General and administrative   963    713 
Total  $1,536   $899 

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Shareholder Rights Agreement

 

On December 30, 2020, the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of the Company approved and adopted a Rights Agreement, dated as of December 30, 2020, by and between the Company and VStock Transfer, LLC, as rights agent, pursuant to which the Board declared a dividend of one preferred share purchase right (each, a “Right”) for each outstanding share of the Company’s common stock held by stockholders as of the close of business on January 11, 2021. When exercisable, each right initially would represent the right to purchase from the Company one one-thousandth of a share of a newly designated series of preferred stock, Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company, at an exercise price of $300.00 per one one-thousandth of a Series A Junior Participating Preferred Share, subject to adjustment. Subject to various exceptions, the Rights become exercisable in the event any person (excluding certain exempted or grandfathered persons) becomes the beneficial owner of twenty percent or more of the Company’s common stock without the approval of the Board. The Rights Agreement was scheduled to expire on December 30, 2021 but was extended until December 30, 2022 by the Board.

 

NOTE 9 – COLLABORATIVE AGREEMENTS

  

During 2020, the Company was awarded a $0.5 million grant from the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (“ALS”) Association to fund a study of the efficacy of XPro1595 to reverse ALS in vitro and to fund a study of the efficacy of XPro1595 to protect against ALS model phenotypes in vivo. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company received $0.0 million and $0.1 million, respectively, of cash proceeds pursuant to this grant which the Company recorded as deferred liabilities. The Company offsets costs incurred related to this research against the grants. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company recorded approximately $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively, as deferred liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet related to the ALS grant.

 

During September 2020, the Company was awarded a grant of up to $2.9 million from the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”). The grant will support a Phase 2 study of XPro1595 in patients with treatment resistant depression. As of March 31, 2022, the Company has not received any proceeds pursuant to this grant. 

 

NOTE 10 – COMMITMENTS

 

Lease

 

In May 2019, the Company signed a sublease agreement with a related party for office space in La Jolla, California. The lease has a 61-month term, which corresponds to the lease term of the lessor. The lessor is CTI.

 

During September 2021, the Company signed a lease agreement with a third party for office space in Boca Raton, Florida. The lease agreement has a 64-month term and commenced during the fourth quarter of 2021.

 

Future minimum payments pursuant to the leases are as follows:

 

(in thousands, except years)

 

2022   $ 135  
2023     221  
2024     219  
2025     192  
2026     198  
Thereafter     51  
Total lease payments     1,016  
Less: imputed interest     (250 )
Present value of future lease payments     766  
Less: operating lease, current liabilities     (82 )
Long-term operating lease liabilities   $ 684  

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized $54,000 and $13,000, respectively, in operating lease expense, which is included in general and administrative expenses in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations.

  

Litigation

 

The Company is subject to claims and suits that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of our business. Although management currently believes that resolving claims against the Company, individually or in aggregate, will not have a material adverse impact in the Company’s consolidated financial statements, these matters are subject to inherent uncertainties and management’s view of these matters may change in the future.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Form 10-Q contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. For this purpose, any statements contained in this Form 10-Q that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Without limiting the foregoing, words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate” or “continue” or comparable terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements by their nature involve substantial risks and uncertainties, and actual results may differ materially depending on a variety of factors, many of which are not within our control. These factors include but are not limited to economic conditions generally and in the industries in which we may participate; competition within our chosen industry, including competition from much larger competitors; technological advances and failure to successfully develop business relationships.

 

Description of Business

 

Overview

 

We are a clinical-stage immunotherapy company focused on developing drugs that may reprogram the patient’s innate immune system to treat disease. We believe this may be done by targeting cells of the innate immune system that cause acute and chronic inflammation and are involved in the immune dysfunction associated with chronic diseases such as cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. The Company has two therapeutic platforms – dominant-negative TNF platform (“DN-TNF”) and the Natural Killer (“NK”) platform. The DN-TNF platform neutralizes soluble TNF (“sTNF”) without affecting trans-membrane TNF (“tmTNF”) or TNF receptors -TNFR1 and TNFR2. This unique biologic mechanism differentiates the DN-TNF drugs from currently approved non-selective TNF inhibitors that inhibit both sTNF and tmTNF. Protecting the function of tmTNF while neutralizing the function of sTNF is a potent anti-inflammatory strategy that does not cause immunosuppression or demyelination which occur in the currently approved non-selective TNF inhibitors. Currently approved non-selective TNF inhibitors are approved to treat autoimmune disease, but are contraindicated in patients with infection, cancer and neurologic diseases because they increase the risk of infection, cancer and demyelinating neurologic diseases, respectively; all the safety problems are due to off-target effects on inhibiting tmTNF. The NK platform targets the dysfunctional natural killer cells (“NK cells”) in patients with cancer. NK cells are part of the normal immunologic response to cancer with important roles in immunosurveillance to prevent cancer and in preventing relapse by eliminating residual disease. Residual disease is the cancer left behind after therapy is finished. Residual disease, can grow to cause relapse. The NK cells of cancer patients loses the ability to bind and kill cancer cells. The strength of the bond of binding to cancer cells, called avidity, is a necessary step NK killing of cancer cells. INKmune improves avidity of the patients NK cells to overcome the immune evasion of the patient’s cancer cells. We believe INKmune is best used to eliminate residual disease after the patient has completed other cancer therapies. Both the DN-TNF platform and the INKmune platform can be used to treat multiple diseases. The DN-TNF platform will be used as an immunotherapy for the treatment of cancer and neurodegenerative disease. INKmune is being developed to treat NK sensitive hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. 

 

We believe our DN-TNF platform can be used as a cancer therapy to reverse resistance in immunotherapy and as a CNS therapy to target glial activation to prevent progression of Alzheimer’s disease (“AD”), and to target neuroinflammation in treatment resistant depression (“TRD”). The drug is named differently for the oncology and CNS indications; INB03 or XPro, respectively, but it is the same drug product. In each case, we believe neutralizing sTNF is a cornerstone to the treatment of these diseases. As an immunotherapy for cancer, we are using INB03 to neutralize sTNF produced by HER2+ trastuzumab resistant breast cancers to reverse resistance to therapy. sTNF causes an up-regulation of MUC4 expression that causes steric hindrance of trastuzumab binding to the HER2/Neu receptor on HER2+ breast cancer cells. Without binding, trastuzumab is not effective. In addition, INB03 changes the immunobiology of the tumor microenvironment by decreasing the number of immunosuppressive myeloid cells, both myeloid derived suppressor cells and tumor active macrophages, and increasing the number of cytotoxic lymphocytes in the TME. The Company has completed an open label dose escalation trial in cancer patients with metastatic solid tumors that have failed multiple lines of therapy. The trial informs the design of the Phase II trial by demonstrating that INB03 was safe and well tolerated, defined the dose of INB03 to carry into Phase II trials, and demonstrated a pharmacodynamic end-point. A Phase II trial is planned in women with advanced MUC4+ breast cancer with advanced disease. 

 

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Likewise, we believe the DN-TNF platform can be used to treat selected neurodegenerative diseases by modifying the brain microenvironment (BME). The Company believes the core pathology of cognitive decline is a combination of neurodegeneration and synaptic dysfunction. XPro completed a Phase I trial treating patients with Alzheimer’s disease that was partially funded by a Part-the-Clouds Award from the Alzheimer’s Association. We believe XPro targets activated microglia and astrocytes of the brain that produce sTNF that promotes nerve cell loss and synaptic dysfunction, key elements in the development of dementia. In animal models, elimination of sTNF prevents nerve cell dysfunction and reverses synaptic pruning. The Phase I trial in patients with biomarkers of inflammation with AD has been completed. The open label, dose escalation trial is designed to demonstrate that XPro can safely decrease neuroinflammation in patients with AD. The endpoints of the trial are measures of neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in blood and cerebral spinal fluid, measures of neuroinflammation by measuring cytokines in the CSF and MRI by measuring white matter free water. XPro, at the 1mg/kg/week dose decreased inflammatory cytokines in the CSF and white matter free water in the brain demonstrating that XPro can decrease neuroinflammation in patients with AD. We also studied downstream benefits of decreasing neuroinflammation by measuring changes in the CSF proteome and quantifying changes in novel white matter MRI biomarkers. XPro significantly decreases biomarkers of neurodegeneration as measured by changes in the CSF proteome including neurofilament light chain, phospho Tau 217 and VILIP-1; decreases of 84%, 46% and 91% respectively after 3 months of therapy. Three months of XPro therapy improved measures of synaptic function, as measured in the CSF proteome including a 222% increase in Contactin 2 and a 56% decrease neurogranin, proteins that contribute to improved synaptic function.

 

The successful completion of the Phase I trial in AD has informed the design of two Phase II trials in patients with AD; one in mild AD and the other in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The mild AD trial will be a blinded randomized trial to test if treatment of mild AD patients with neuroinflammation will affect cognitive decline. The Phase II trial has six important elements. Two hundred patients will be enrolled in a 2:1 ratio (XPro vs placebo). The patients will receive 1mg/kg/week as a subcutaneous injection for six months. An enrichment strategy identical to the successful strategy used in the Phase I trial will be used to ensure patients have neuroinflammation. Patients will need to have some combination of elevated C-reactive protein, hemoglobin A1c, erythrocyte sedimentation rated in the blood and at least one allele of ApoE4. The primary end-point will be Early/mild Alzheimer’s Cognitive Composite (“EMACC”), a validated cognitive measure that is more sensitive than traditional end-points used in many studies of patients with early AD. The trial will be performed in North America and Australia and enrolled its first patient in April 2022. We expect top-line clinical data to be available late-2023. All patients will be offered to stay on therapy for at least 12 months in an extension trial. Clinical and biomarker data will be collected during the extension trial.

 

The second Phase II trial will be a blinded randomized trial in patients with MCI in which the Company plans to enroll 60 patients in two arms in a 2:1 ratio (1mg/kg/week XPro, placebo). Patients will be treated for 3 months. Patients must have at least one ApoE4 allele to qualify for the trial. The primary end-point is EMACC, a sensitive cognitive end-point validated for use in patients with early AD. Secondary clinical endpoints include the CDR-SB, Cogstate Battery, E-Cog, NPI, and ADCS-ADL. Imaging endpoints of neuroinflammation (White matter free water), white matter integrity (apparent fiber density, radial diffusivity), and gray matter quality (cortical disarray measurement) will be assessed via MRI. Changes in brain metabolism will be assessed via FDG-PET. Additional secondary measures of function include EEG, and speech and language. All patients will be eligible to continue on XPro for at least 9 additional months. Clinical and MRI metrics will be followed during the extension trial.  The Company may amend the clinical trial design from time-to-time to improve the quality of the data or the probability of success. 

 

Effective therapy for TRD is a large unmet need. Twenty percent of patients with a Major Depressive Disorder have TRD. Once third of TRD patients have peripheral biomarkers to inflammation (elevated CRP). This is a large patient population. The role of TNF and anti-TNF therapeutics was explored in a small open label clinical trial by Prof. Andrew Miller, MD of Emory University demonstrated the patients have elevated TNF levels and treatment with infliximab treated their depression (Miller, 2011). The Company received a $2.9M USD award from the National Institute of Mental Health (“NIMH”) to treat TRD with XPro. The blinded, randomized Phase II trial will use biomarkers of peripheral inflammation to select patients with TRD for enrollment. Patients will be treated for 6 weeks. Primary end-points include both clinical and neuroimaging measures. The final trial design is ongoing and discussions with the FDA are not complete. The Company anticipates receiving authorization to initiate the clinical trial in the second half of 2022.

 

17

 

 

We believe that INKmune improves the ability of the patient’s own NK cells to attack their tumor. INKmune interacts with the patient’s NK cells to convert them from inert resting NK cells into memory-like NK cells that kill the patient’s cancer cells. INKmune is a replication incompetent proprietary cell line that is given to the patient after determining that i) the patient has adequate NK cells in their circulation and ii) those NK cells are functional when exposed to INKmune in vitro. INKmune is designed to be given to patients after their immune system has recovered after cytotoxic chemotherapy to target the residual disease the remains after treatment with cytotoxic therapy. We believe INKmune can be used to treat numerous hematologic malignancies and solid tumors including leukemia, multiple myeloma, lymphoma, lung, ovary, breast, renal and prostate cancer. The Company has initiated a Phase I trial using INKmune to treat patients with high risk MDS, a form of leukemia. One patient has been treated in the Phase I trial. In the single patient, INKmune therapy is safe, produces memory-like NK cells that kill cancer in vitro, promotes development of cancer killing memory-like NK cells that can be found in the patient’s circulation of 4 months. The Company will continue to enroll patients in the Phase I trial with a goal of completing patient enrollment in 2022. The Company intends to treat women with relapsed refractory ovarian in separate Phase I trial beginning during 2022.

 

The Company has presented pre-clinical data on the use of DN-TNF to treat non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (“NASH”). The Company has decided to defer the NASH program for the near future due to the complex and evolving clinical and regulatory environment. The Company may choose to reactivate the program or abandon the program in the future.

 

Since our inception in 2015, we have devoted substantially all of our resources to the discovery and development of our product candidates, including clinical trials and preclinical studies as well as general and administrative support for these operations. To date, we have generated no significant revenue. We have incurred net losses in each year since our inception and, as of March 31, 2022, we had an accumulated deficit of approximately $70.6 million. Our net losses were $6,903,000 and $4,556,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Substantially all of our net losses resulted from costs incurred in connection with our research and development programs and from general and administrative costs associated with our operations, including stock-based compensation. 

 

The Company is subject to risks and uncertainties as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business is highly uncertain and difficult to predict. Also, economies worldwide have also been negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, however policymakers around the globe have responded with fiscal policy actions to support the healthcare industry and economy as a whole. The magnitude and overall effectiveness of these actions remain uncertain.

 

In addition, the Company’s clinical trials have been affected by and may continue to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Clinical site initiation and patient enrollment have and may continue to be delayed due to prioritization of hospital resources toward the COVID-19 pandemic. Some patients have not and others may not be able to comply with clinical trial protocols if quarantines impede patient movement or interrupt healthcare services. Similarly, the ability to recruit and retain patients and principal investigators and site staff who, as healthcare providers, may have heightened exposure to COVID-19, may adversely impact the Company’s clinical trial operations.

 

The severity of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business will depend on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, the duration and severity of the pandemic and the extent and severity of the impact on the Company’s service providers, suppliers, contract research organizations (“CROs”) and the Company’s clinical trials, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. As of the date of issuance of Company’s financial statements, the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may materially impact the Company’s financial condition, liquidity or results of operations is uncertain.

 

We classify our operating expenses into two categories: research and development; and general and administrative expenses. Personnel costs including salaries, benefits and stock-based compensation expense comprise a significant component of our research and development and general and administrative expense categories.

 

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act. As an emerging growth company, we may take advantage of specified reduced disclosure and other requirements that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. These provisions include:

 

  only two years of audited financial statements in addition to any required unaudited interim financial statements with correspondingly reduced “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” disclosure;
     
  reduced disclosure about our executive compensation arrangements;
     
  no non-binding advisory votes on executive compensation or golden parachute arrangements;
     
  exemption from the auditor attestation requirement in the assessment of our internal control over financial reporting; and
     
  delaying the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies.

 

We have elected to take advantage of the above-referenced exemptions and we may take advantage of these exemptions for up to five years or such earlier time that we are no longer an emerging growth company. We would cease to be an emerging growth company if we have more than $1.07 billion in annual revenues, we have more than $700 million in market value of our stock held by non-affiliates, or we issue more than $1 billion of non-convertible debt over a three-year period. We may choose to take advantage of some but not all of these reduced burdens.

 

18

 

 

Research and Development

 

Research and development expense consists of expenses incurred while performing research and development activities to discover and develop our product candidates. This includes conducting preclinical studies and clinical trials, manufacturing development efforts and activities related to regulatory filings for product candidates. We recognize research and development expenses as they are incurred. Our research and development expense primarily consist of:

 

  clinical trial and regulatory-related costs;

 

  expenses incurred under agreements with investigative sites and consultants that conduct our clinical trials;
     
  manufacturing and testing costs and related supplies and materials; and
     
  employee-related expenses, including salaries, benefits, travel and stock-based compensation.

 

We typically use our employee, consultant and infrastructure resources across our development programs. We track outsourced development costs by product candidate or development program, but we do not allocate personnel costs, other internal costs or external consultant costs to specific product candidates or development programs.

 

We participate, through our wholly-owned subsidiary in Australia, in the Australian research and development tax incentive program, such that a percentage of our qualifying research and development expenditures are reimbursed by the Australian government, and such incentives are reflected as a reduction of research and development expense. The Australian research and development tax incentive is recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the incentive will be received, the relevant expenditure has been incurred and the amount of the consideration can be reliably measured. In the future, the Company may elect to cease to perform research and development in Australia at which point the Company may not participate the Australian research and development tax incentive program.

 

We participate, through our wholly-owned subsidiary in the United Kingdom, in the research and development program provided by the United Kingdom tax relief program, such that a percentage of our qualifying research and development expenditures are reimbursed by the United Kingdom government, and such incentives are reflected as a reduction of research and development expense. The United Kingdom research and development tax incentive is recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the incentive will be received, the relevant expenditure has been incurred and the amount of the consideration can be reliably measured. The Company expects to receive research and development tax incentives during 2022 for qualifying expenditures incurred prior to December 31, 2021. However, the United Kingdom recently enacted changes to the research and development tax incentive whereby the Company does not expect to be eligible to receive the United Kingdom tax incentives beginning with expenditures incurred during 2022.

 

Substantially all of our research and development expenses to date have been incurred in connection with our current and future product candidates. We expect our research and development expenses to increase significantly for the foreseeable future as we advance an increased number of our product candidates through clinical development, including the conduct of our planned clinical trials and manufacturing drug to be used in those clinical trials. The process of conducting clinical trials necessary to obtain regulatory approval is costly and time consuming. The successful development of product candidates is highly uncertain. At this time, we cannot reasonably estimate the nature, timing or costs required to complete the remaining development of any product candidates. This is due to the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with the development of product candidates. 

 

The costs of clinical trials may vary significantly over the life of a project owing to, but not limited to, the following:

 

  per patient trial costs;
     
  the number of sites included in the clinical trials;
     
  the countries in which the clinical trials are conducted;
     
  the length of time required to enroll eligible patients;
     
  the number of patients that participate in the clinical trials;
     
  the number of doses that patients receive;
     
  the cost of comparative agents used in clinical trials;
     
  the drop-out or discontinuation rates of patients;

 

19

 

 

  potential additional safety monitoring or other studies requested by regulatory agencies;
     
  the duration of patient follow-up;
     
  the efficacy and safety profile of the product candidate; and
     
  the cost of manufacturing, finishing, labelling and storage drug used in the clinical trial.

 

We do not expect any of our product candidates to be commercially available for at least the next several years, if ever. We expect to continue to incur significant expenses and increasing operating losses for the foreseeable future, which may fluctuate significantly from quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year. We anticipate that our expenses will increase substantially as we:

 

  continue research and development, including preclinical and clinical development of our existing product candidates;
     
  potentially seek regulatory approval for our product candidates;
     
  seek to discover and develop additional product candidates;
     
  establish a commercialization infrastructure and scale up our manufacturing and distribution capabilities to commercialize any of our product candidates for which we may obtain regulatory approval;

 

  seek to comply with regulatory standards and laws;
     
  maintain, leverage and expand our intellectual property portfolio;
     
  hire clinical, manufacturing, scientific and other personnel to support our product candidates development and future commercialization efforts;
     
  add operational, financial and management information systems and personnel; and
     
  incur additional legal, accounting and other expenses in operating as a public company.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses consist principally of payroll and personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation; professional fees for legal, consulting, accounting and tax services; overhead, including rent and utilities; and other general operating expenses not otherwise classified as research and development expenses.

 

Other income (expense)

 

Other expense consists primarily of interest expense incurred on debt.

 

20

 

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

 

The following table summarizes our results of operations for the periods indicated:

 

   

Three Months Ended

March 31,

       
(in thousands)   2022     2021     Change  
Revenues   $ 163     4      $ 159  
Operating expenses:                        
Research and development     4,309       2,491       1,818  
General and administrative     2,332       2,061       271  
Total operating expenses     6,641       4,552       2,089  
Loss from operations     (6,478 )     (4,548 )     (1,930 )
Other expense, net     (425 )     (8 )     (417 )
Net loss   $ (6,903 )   $ (4,556 )   $ (2,347 )

 

Revenues

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company sold mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC’s) to one third-party and recognized $163,000 and $4,000, respectively, of revenues.

 

General and Administrative

 

General and administrative expenses were approximately $2.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to approximately $2.1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase in general and administrative expenses is largely due to higher stock-based compensation ($0.3 million higher during the three months ended March 31, 2022).

 

Research and Development

 

Research and development expenses were approximately $4.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to approximately $2.5 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021.   The increase in research and development expenses during the three months ending March 31, 2022 compared to the three months ending March 31, 2021 is largely due to the Company incurring higher expenses on the Company’s clinical trials in mild AD and MCI ($2.1 million higher) and higher compensation expense, including stock-based compensation ($0.7 million higher), partially offset by lower COVID-19 clinical trial expense ($0.7 million lower) and lower manufacturing expense ($0.3 million lower).

 

Other Expense, net

 

The increase in other expense is due to the Company incurring interest expense on debt which the Company obtained during June 2021.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Liquidity is the ability of a company to generate funds to support its current and future operations, satisfy its obligations and otherwise operate on an ongoing basis.

 

We incurred a net loss of $6.9 million and $4.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Net cash used in operating activities was $8.9 million and $5.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Since inception, we have funded our operations primarily with proceeds from the sales of our common stock. As of March 31, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $66.7 million. We anticipate that operating losses and net cash used in operating activities will increase over the next few years as we advance our products under development.

 

21

 

 

Our primary uses of capital are, and we expect will continue to be, third-party clinical and preclinical research and development services, compensation and related expenses, professional fees, patent and other regulatory expenses and general overhead costs. We believe our use of CROs provides us with flexibility in managing our spending.

 

The Company incurs various expenses in Australia and the United Kingdom. Fluctuations in the rate of exchange between the United States dollar and the pound sterling as well as the Australian dollar could adversely affect our financial results, including our expenses as well as assets and liabilities. We currently do not hedge foreign currencies but will continue to assess whether that strategy is appropriate. As of March 31, 2022, the cash balance held by our foreign subsidiaries with currencies other than the United States dollar was approximately $0.2 million. We do not have any material financial exposure to one customer or one country that would significantly hinder our liquidity.

 

As a publicly traded company, we incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses. In addition, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as well as rules adopted by the SEC and The Nasdaq Stock Market, require public companies to implement specified corporate governance practices that were inapplicable to us as a private company. We expect these rules and regulations will increase our legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly.

  

As of March 31, 2022, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $70.6 million and working capital of $73.8 million. Losses have principally occurred as a result of stock-based compensation expense as well as the substantial resources required for research and development of the Company’s products which included the general and administrative expenses associated with its organization and product development, as well as the lack of sources of revenues until such time as the Company’s products are commercialized. As of March 31, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $66.7 million. We believe our cash and cash equivalents will be sufficient to fund our operations for at least the next 12 months following the filing date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q based on the balance of cash available as of March 31, 2022.

   

Common Stock – Issuance to Directors and Officers

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, certain directors and officers of the Company purchased 82,900 shares of the Company’s common stock for $0.7 million.

 

ATM Sales Agreement

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we issued and sold 1,439,480 shares of common stock at an average price of $20.17 per share under the 2020 ATM program. The aggregate net proceeds were approximately $28.4 million after BTIG’s commission and other offering expenses.

 

Cash Flows

 

The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods indicated:

 

   

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 
(in thousands)   2022     2021  
Net cash and cash equivalents (used in) provided by:            
Operating activities   $ (8,865 )   $ (5,092 )
Financing activities     729       28,464  
Change in cash and cash equivalents     (8,136     23,372  
Impact on cash from foreign currency translation     55       1  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period     74,810       21,967  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period   $ 66,729     $ 45,340  

  

Operating Activities

 

Our cash used in operating activities was primarily driven by our net loss.

 

Operating activities used approximately $8.9 million of cash during the three months ended March 31, 2022, resulting from our loss of $6.9 million and changes in our net operating assets and liabilities of $3.6 million, partially offset by non-cash stock-based compensation of $1.5 million. The change in our net operating assets and liabilities was mainly due to an increase in prepaid expenses of approximately $2.4 million, and a decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $1.2 million.

 

Operating activities used approximately $5.1 million of cash during the three months ended March 31, 2021, resulting from our loss of $4.6 million and changes in our net operating assets and liabilities of $1.4 million, partially offset by non-cash stock-based compensation of $0.9 million. The change in our net operating assets and liabilities was mainly due to an increase in prepaid expenses of approximately $1.3 million, and an increase in research and development tax credit receivable of $0.5 million, partially offset by an increase in deferred liabilities of approximately $0.4 million.

 

22

 

 

Financing Activities

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company sold 82,900 shares of its common stock to certain officers and directors for approximately $0.7 million.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company sold 1,439,480 shares of its common stock under its 2020 ATM program for net proceeds of approximately $28.4 million.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our unaudited consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities and expenses. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Our critical accounting policies and estimates are discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 and there have been no material changes during the three months ended March 31, 2022.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Pursuant to Item 305(e) of Regulation S-K (§ 229.305(e)), the Company is not required to provide the information required by this Item as it is a “smaller reporting company,” as defined by Rule 229.10(f)(1). 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) at the end of the period covered by this quarterly report.

 

Based on this evaluation, we concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

We recognize that any controls system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving its objectives, and our management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the period covered by this quarterly report that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act).

 

23

 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

We are not currently a party to any pending legal proceedings that we believe will have a material adverse effect on our business or financial conditions. We may, however, be subject to various claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business from time to time.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

Item 2. Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities; Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company did not sell any unregistered shares of common stock except as previously reported by the Company on a Current Report on Form 8-K.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

Not applicable.

  

Item 6. Exhibits

 

No.   Description 
10.1   Form of securities purchase agreement (incorporated by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 24, 2022)
     
31.1   Rule 13a-14(a)/ 15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Executive Officer*
     
31.2   Rule 13a-14(a)/ 15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer*
     
32.1   Section 1350 Certification of Chief Executive Officer**
     
32.2   Section 1350 Certification of Chief Financial Officer**
     
101.INS   Inline XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

 

24

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

  

  INmune Bio Inc.
     
Date: May 5, 2022 By:  /s/ Raymond J. Tesi
    Raymond J. Tesi
    Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)

 

Date: May 5, 2022 By:  /s/ David J. Moss
    David J. Moss
   

Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer, Secretary

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

25

 

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EX-31.1 2 f10q0322ex31-1_inmunebio.htm CERTIFICATION

EXHIBIT 31.1

 

Certifications

 

I, Raymond J. Tesi, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of INmune Bio Inc.
   
2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
   
3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
   
4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  (a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
     
  (b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
     
  (c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
     
  (d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  (a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
     
  (b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 5, 2022

 

/s/ Raymond J. Tesi  
Raymond J. Tesi  

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

EX-31.2 3 f10q0322ex31-2_inmunebio.htm CERTIFICATION

EXHIBIT 31.2

 

Certifications

 

I, David J. Moss, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of INmune Bio Inc.;
   
2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
   
3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
   
4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  (a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
     
  (b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
     
  (c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
     
  (d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  (a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
     
  (b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 5, 2022

 

/s/ David J. Moss  
David J. Moss  

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)

 

 

 

EX-32.1 4 f10q0322ex32-1_inmunebio.htm CERTIFICATION

EXHIBIT 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report of INmune Bio Inc.  (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2022, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Raymond J. Tesi, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify to my knowledge and in my capacity, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

  (1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
     
  (2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

  

Dated: May 5, 2022

 

/s/ Raymond J. Tesi  
Raymond J. Tesi  

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

EX-32.2 5 f10q0322ex32-2_inmunebio.htm CERTIFICATION

EXHIBIT 32.2

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report of INmune Bio Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2022, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, David J. Moss, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify to my knowledge and in my capacity, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

  (1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
     
  (2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

  

Dated: May 5, 2022

 

/s/ David J. Moss  
David J. Moss  

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)

 

 

 

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