EX-4.1 2 ex4-1.htm

 

Exhibit 4.1

 

 

 

 

FAT BRANDS ROYALTY I, LLC,
as Issuer

 

and

 

UMB BANK, N.A.,
as Trustee and Securities Intermediary

 

 

 

 

 

BASE INDENTURE

 

 

Dated as of March 6, 2020

 

 

 

   
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Page
Article I DEFINITIONS AND INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE 1
  Section 1.1 Definitions. 1
  Section 1.2 Cross-References. 1
  Section 1.3 Accounting and Financial Determinations; No Duplication. 1
  Section 1.4 Rules of Construction. 2
Article II THE NOTES 4
  Section 2.1 Designation and Terms of Notes. 4
  Section 2.2 Notes Issuable in Series. 4
  Section 2.3 Series Supplement for Each Series. 8
  Section 2.4 Execution and Authentication. 9
  Section 2.5 Note Registrar and Paying Agent. 10
  Section 2.6 Paying Agent to Hold Money in Trust. 11
  Section 2.7 Noteholder List. 12
  Section 2.8 Transfer and Exchange. 12
  Section 2.9 Persons Deemed Owners. 14
  Section 2.10 Replacement Notes. 14
  Section 2.11 Treasury Notes. 15
  Section 2.12 Book-Entry Notes. 15
  Section 2.13 Definitive Notes. 16
  Section 2.14 Cancellation. 17
  Section 2.15 Principal and Interest. 18
  Section 2.16 Tax Treatment. 18
  Section 2.17 Securities Law Restrictions. 19
Article III SECURITY 19
  Section 3.1 Grant of Security Interest. 19
  Section 3.2 Certain Rights and Obligations of the Issuer Unaffected. 20
  Section 3.3 Performance of Collateral Documents. 21
  Section 3.4 Stamp, Other Similar Taxes and Filing Fees. 22
  Section 3.5 Authorization to File Financing Statements. 22

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

  Page
Article IV REPORTS 23
  Section 4.1 Reports and Instructions to Trustee. 23
  Section 4.2 [Reserved]. 25
  Section 4.3 Rule 144A Information. 25
  Section 4.4 Reports, Financial Statements and Other Information to Noteholders. 25
  Section 4.5 Manager. 26
  Section 4.6 No Constructive Notice. 27
Article V ALLOCATION AND APPLICATION OF COLLECTIONS 27
  Section 5.1 Management Accounts and Additional Accounts. 27
  Section 5.2 Senior Notes Reserve Account. 28
  Section 5.3 Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account. 29
  Section 5.4 Collection Account. 30
  Section 5.5 Collection Account Administrative Accounts. 30
  Section 5.6 Eligible Investments. 31
  Section 5.7 Trustee as Securities Intermediary. 32
  Section 5.8 Establishment of Series Accounts; Legacy Accounts. 33
  Section 5.9 Collections and Investment Income. 34
  Section 5.10 Application of Retained Collections on Monthly Allocation Dates. 36
  Section 5.11 Quarterly Payment Date Applications. 40
  Section 5.12 Other Amounts. 45
  Section 5.13 Determination of Quarterly Interest. 46
  Section 5.14 Determination of Quarterly Principal. 46
  Section 5.15 Prepayment of Principal. 46
  Section 5.16 Replacement of Ineligible Accounts. 46
  Section 5.17 Instructions and Directions. 47
Article VI DISTRIBUTIONS 47
  Section 6.1 Distributions in General. 47
Article VII REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES 48
  Section 7.1 Existence and Power. 48

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

      Page
  Section 7.2 Company and Governmental Authorization. 48
  Section 7.3 No Consent. 49
  Section 7.4 Binding Effect. 49
  Section 7.5 Litigation. 49
  Section 7.6 Employee Benefit Plans. 49
  Section 7.7 Tax Filings and Expenses. 50
  Section 7.8 Disclosure. 50
  Section 7.9 1940 Act. 51
  Section 7.10 Regulations T, U and X. 51
  Section 7.11 Solvency. 51
  Section 7.12 Ownership of Equity Interests; Subsidiaries. 51
  Section 7.13 Security Interests. 52
  Section 7.14 Transaction Documents. 52
  Section 7.15 Non-Existence of Other Agreements. 52
  Section 7.16 Compliance with Contractual Obligations and Laws. 53
  Section 7.17 Other Representations. 53
  Section 7.18 No Employees. 53
  Section 7.19 Reserved. 53
  Section 7.20 Environmental Matters; Real Property. 53
  Section 7.21 Intellectual Property. 54
  Section 7.22 Exchange Act 55
Article VIII COVENANTS 55
  Section 8.1 Payment of Notes. 55
  Section 8.2 Maintenance of Office or Agency. 55
  Section 8.3 Payment and Performance of Obligations. 56
  Section 8.4 Maintenance of Existence. 56
  Section 8.5 Compliance with Laws. 56
  Section 8.6 Inspection of Property; Books and Records. 57
  Section 8.7 Actions under the Collateral Documents and Transaction Documents. 57

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

      Page
  Section 8.8 Notice of Defaults and Other Events. 59
  Section 8.9 Notice of Material Proceedings. 59
  Section 8.10 Further Requests. 59
  Section 8.11 Further Assurances. 60
  Section 8.12 Liens. 61
  Section 8.13 Other Indebtedness. 61
  Section 8.14 Employee Benefit Plans. 61
  Section 8.15 Mergers. 62
  Section 8.16 Asset Dispositions. 62
  Section 8.17 Acquisition of Assets. 63
  Section 8.18 Dividends, Officers’ Compensation, etc. 63
  Section 8.19 Legal Name, Location Under Section 9-301 or 9-307. 64
  Section 8.20 Charter Documents. 64
  Section 8.21 Investments. 64
  Section 8.22 No Other Agreements. 65
  Section 8.23 Other Business. 65
  Section 8.24 Maintenance of Separate Existence. 65
  Section 8.25 Covenants Regarding the Securitization IP. 67
  Section 8.26 Investment Company Act. 68
  Section 8.27 [Reserved] 68
  Section 8.28 No Employees. 68
  Section 8.29 Insurance. 68
  Section 8.30 Litigation. 68
  Section 8.31 Environmental. 69
  Section 8.32 Enhancements. 69
  Section 8.33 Derivatives. 69
  Section 8.34 Additional Franchise Entity. 69
  Section 8.35 Franchise Entity Distributions. 70
  Section 8.36 Tax Lien Reserve Amount. 70
  Section 8.37 Bankruptcy Proceedings. 70

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

  Page
Article IX REMEDIES 71
  Section 9.1 Rapid Amortization Events. 71
  Section 9.2 Events of Default. 72
  Section 9.3 Rights of the Control Party and Trustee upon Event of Default. 75
  Section 9.4 Waiver of Appraisal, Valuation, Stay and Right to Marshaling. 78
  Section 9.5 Limited Recourse. 79
  Section 9.6 Optional Preservation of the Collateral. 79
  Section 9.7 Waiver of Past Events. 79
  Section 9.8 Control by the Control Party. 80
  Section 9.9 Limitation on Suits. 80
  Section 9.10 Unconditional Rights of Noteholders to Receive Payment. 81
  Section 9.11 The Trustee May File Proofs of Claim. 81
  Section 9.12 Undertaking for Costs. 81
  Section 9.13 Restoration of Rights and Remedies. 82
  Section 9.14 Rights and Remedies Cumulative. 82
  Section 9.15 Delay or Omission Not Waiver. 82
  Section 9.16 Waiver of Stay or Extension Laws. 82
Article X THE TRUSTEE 83
  Section 10.1 Duties of the Trustee. 83
  Section 10.2 Rights of the Trustee. 86
  Section 10.3 Individual Rights of the Trustee. 89
  Section 10.4 Notice of Events of Default and Defaults. 89
  Section 10.5 Compensation and Indemnity. 89
  Section 10.6 Replacement of the Trustee. 90
  Section 10.7 Successor Trustee by Merger, etc. 91
  Section 10.8 Eligibility Disqualification. 92
  Section 10.9 Appointment of Co-Trustee or Separate Trustee. 92
  Section 10.10 Representations and Warranties of Trustee. 93

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

  Page
Article XI CONTROLLING CLASS REPRESENTATIVE AND CONTROL PARTY 94
  Section 11.1 Controlling Class Representative. 94
  Section 11.2 Resignation or Removal of the Controlling Class Representative. 96
  Section 11.3 Expenses and Liabilities of the Controlling Class Representative. 97
  Section 11.4 Control Party. 97
  Section 11.5 Noteholder List. 99
Article XII DISCHARGE OF INDENTURE 99
  Section 12.1 Termination of the Issuer’s Obligations. 99
  Section 12.2 Application of Trust Money. 103
  Section 12.3 Repayment to the Issuer. 103
  Section 12.4 Reinstatement. 103
Article XIII AMENDMENTS 104
  Section 13.1 Without Consent of the Control Party or the Noteholders. 104
  Section 13.2 With Consent of the Control Party or the Noteholders. 106
  Section 13.3 Supplements. 107
  Section 13.4 Revocation and Effect of Consents. 107
  Section 13.5 Notation on or Exchange of Notes. 108
  Section 13.6 The Trustee to Sign Amendments, etc. 108
  Section 13.7 Amendments and Fees. 108
Article XIV MISCELLANEOUS 108
  Section 14.1 Notices. 108
  Section 14.2 Communication by Noteholders With Other Noteholders. 112
  Section 14.3 Officer’s Certificate as to Conditions Precedent. 112
  Section 14.4 Statements Required in Certificate. 112
  Section 14.5 Rules by the Trustee. 113
  Section 14.6 Benefits of Indenture. 113
  Section 14.7 Timing of Payment or Performance. 113
  Section 14.8 Governing Law. 113

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

      Page
  Section 14.9 Successors. 113
  Section 14.10 Severability. 113
  Section 14.11 Counterpart Originals. 114
  Section 14.12 Table of Contents, Headings, etc. 114
  Section 14.13 No Bankruptcy Petition Against the Securitization Entities. 114
  Section 14.14 Recording of Indenture. 114
  Section 14.15 Waiver of Jury Trial. 114
  Section 14.16 Submission to Jurisdiction; Waivers. 114
  Section 14.17 Permitted Asset Dispositions; Release of Collateral. 115
  Section 14.18 Calculation of FAT Brands Leverage Ratio and Senior Leverage Ratio. 115

 

ANNEXES

 
   

Annex A

Base Indenture Definitions List
   

EXHIBITS

 
   
Exhibit A Form of Monthly Manager’s Certificate
Exhibit B Form of Investor Request Certification
Exhibit C Form of CCR Election Notice
Exhibit D Form of CCR Nomination
Exhibit E Form of CCR Ballot
Exhibit F Form of CCR Acceptance Letter
Exhibit G Form of Noteholder Certificate

Exhibit H

 

Form of Transferee Certificate

SCHEDULES

 
   
Schedule 7.3 - Consents
Schedule 7.6 - Plans
Schedule 7.7 - Proposed Tax Assessments
Schedule 7.13(a) - Non-Perfected Liens
Schedule 7.21 - Pending Actions or Proceedings Relating to the Securitization IP
Schedule 8.11 - Liens

 

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BASE INDENTURE, dated as of March 6, 2020, by and among FAT BRANDS ROYALTY I, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, (the “Issuer”), and UMB Bank, N.A., as trustee (in such capacity, the “Trustee”), and as securities intermediary.

 

W I T N E S E T H:

 

WHEREAS, the Issuer has duly authorized the execution and delivery of this Base Indenture (as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time, the “Base Indenture”) and the issuance from time to time of one or more series of asset-backed notes (the “Notes”) under this Base Indenture, as provided in this Base Indenture and in Supplements hereto; and

 

WHEREAS, all things necessary to make this Base Indenture a legal, valid and binding agreement of the Issuer, in accordance with its terms, have been done, and the Issuer proposes to do all the things necessary to make the Notes, when executed by the Issuer and authenticated and delivered by the Trustee hereunder and duly issued by the Issuer, the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Issuer as hereinafter provided;

 

NOW, THEREFORE, for and in consideration of the premises and the receipt of the Notes by the Noteholders, it is mutually covenanted and agreed, for the equal and proportionate benefit of all Noteholders (in accordance with the priorities set forth herein and in any Series Supplement), as follows:

 

Article I

 
DEFINITIONS AND INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

 

Section 1.1 Definitions.

 

Capitalized terms used herein (including the preamble and the recitals hereto) and not otherwise defined herein shall have the meanings assigned to such terms in the Base Indenture Definitions List attached hereto as Annex A (the “Base Indenture Definitions List”), as such Base Indenture Definitions List may be amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the provisions hereof.

 

Section 1.2 Cross-References.

 

Unless otherwise specified, references in the Indenture and in each other Transaction Document to any Article or Section are references to such Article or Section of the Indenture or such other Transaction Document, as the case may be, and, unless otherwise specified, references in any Article, Section or definition to any clause are references to such clause of such Article, Section or definition.

 

Section 1.3 Accounting and Financial Determinations; No Duplication.

 

(a)  All accounting terms not specifically or completely defined in the Indenture or the Transaction Documents shall be construed in conformity with GAAP.

 

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(b)  Where the character or amount of any asset or liability or item of income or expense is required to be determined, or any accounting computation is required to be made, for the purpose of the Indenture or any other Transaction Document, such determination or calculation shall be made, to the extent applicable and except as otherwise specified in the Indenture or such other Transaction Document, in accordance with GAAP. When used herein, the term “financial statement” shall include the notes and schedules thereto. All accounting determinations and computations hereunder or under any other Transaction Documents shall be made without duplication. Notwithstanding any provision contained in this Base Indenture or any other Transaction Document to the contrary, all terms of an accounting or financial nature used herein shall be construed, and all computations of amounts and ratios referred to herein shall be made (i) without giving effect to any election under Accounting Standards Codification 825-10-25 (or any other Accounting Standards Codification or Financial Accounting Standard having a similar result or effect) to value any Indebtedness or other liabilities of any FAT Brands Entities at “fair value,” as defined therein, (ii) without giving effect to any change to, or modification of, GAAP (including any future phase-in of changes to GAAP that have been approved as of December 1, 2018) which would require the capitalization of leases characterized as “operating leases” as of December 1, 2018 (it being understood and agreed, for the avoidance of doubt, financial statements delivered pursuant hereto shall be prepared without giving effect to this clause) and (iii) without giving effect to the one-time adjustment to implement Accounting Standards Update 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.

 

Section 1.4 Rules of Construction.

 

In the Indenture and the other Transaction Documents, unless the context otherwise requires:

 

(a)  the singular includes the plural and vice versa;

 

(b)  reference to any Person includes such Person’s successors and assigns but, if applicable, only if such successors and assigns are permitted by the Indenture and the other applicable Transaction Documents, as the case may be, and reference to any Person in a particular capacity only refers to such Person in such capacity;

 

(c)  reference to any gender includes the other gender;

 

(d)  reference to any Requirements of Law means such Requirements of Law as amended, modified, codified or reenacted, in whole or in part, and in effect from time to time;

 

(e)  “including” (and with correlative meaning “include”) means including without limiting the generality of any description preceding such term;

 

(f)  the word “or” is always used inclusively herein (for example, the phrase “A or B” means “A or B or both,” not “either A or B but not both”), unless used in an “either . . . or” construction;

 

(g)  reference to any Transaction Document or other contract or agreement means such Transaction Document, contract or agreement as amended, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof and thereof, except (i) with respect to defined terms that define such Transaction Document or other contract or agreement as of certain amendments or other modifications thereto and (ii) as the context requires otherwise;

 

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(h)  with respect to the determination of any period of time, except as otherwise specified, “from” means “from and including” and “to” means “to but excluding”;

 

(i)  the use of Subclass designations, Tranche designations or other designations to differentiate Note characteristics within a Class will not alter priority of the requirement to pay among the Class pro rata unless expressly provided for in the applicable Series Supplement for such Subclass or Tranche;

 

(j)  if (i) any funds deposited to an Account are to be paid or allocated, or any action described in a Monthly Manager’s Certificate is to be taken, on (or prior to) the “following Monthly Allocation Date”, the “Monthly Allocation Date immediately following” or the “immediately following Monthly Allocation Date”, such payment, allocation or action shall occur on (or prior to, if applicable) the Monthly Allocation Date related to the Monthly Collection Period in which such deposit occurs or the Monthly Allocation Date to which the Monthly Manager’s Certificate relates, as applicable, and (ii) an action or event is to occur with respect to a Monthly Fiscal Period immediately preceding a Monthly Allocation Date, such action or event shall occur with respect to the most recent Monthly Fiscal Period ending prior to such Monthly Allocation Date;

 

(k)  if any payment is due, or any action described in a Quarterly Noteholders’ Report is to be taken, on (or prior to) the “related Quarterly Payment Date”, the “following Quarterly Payment Date”, the “immediately succeeding Quarterly Payment Date”, the “next succeeding Quarterly Payment Date” or the “immediately following Quarterly Payment Date”, such payment shall be due, or such action shall occur, as applicable, either (i) on (or prior to, if applicable) the Quarterly Payment Date related to the Quarterly Collection Period in which such payment accrues or the Quarterly Payment Date to which such Quarterly Noteholders’ Report relates or (ii) on (or prior to, if applicable) the Quarterly Payment Date related to the applicable Quarterly Calculation Date on which such payment is calculated; and

 

(l)  references to (i) the “preceding Monthly Collection Period” means the most recent Monthly Collection Period ending prior to the indicated date, (ii) the “immediately preceding Quarterly Collection Period” means the most recent Quarterly Collection Period ending prior to the indicated date and (iii) “immediately preceding Quarterly Calculation Date” means the most recent Quarterly Calculation Date.

 

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Article II

 
THE NOTES

 

Section 2.1 Designation and Terms of Notes.

 

(a)  Each Series of Notes shall be substantially in the form specified in the applicable Series Supplement and shall bear, upon its face, the designation for such Series to which it belongs as selected by the Issuer, with such appropriate insertions, omissions, substitutions and other variations as are required or permitted hereby or by the applicable Series Supplement and may have such letters, numbers or other marks of identification and such legends or endorsements placed thereon as may, consistently herewith, be determined to be appropriate by the Authorized Officers of the Issuer executing such Notes, as evidenced by execution of such Notes by such Authorized Officers. All Notes of any Series shall, except as specified in the applicable Series Supplement and in this Base Indenture, be equally and ratably entitled as provided herein to the benefits hereof without preference, priority or distinction on account of the actual time or times of authentication and delivery, all in accordance with the terms and provisions of this Base Indenture and any applicable Series Supplement. The aggregate principal amount of Notes which may be authenticated and delivered under this Base Indenture is unlimited. The Notes of each Series shall be issued in the denominations set forth in the applicable Series Supplement; provided, however, in no event shall Notes of any Series have a minimum denomination of less than $1,000,000.

 

Section 2.2 Notes Issuable in Series.

 

(a)  The Notes shall be issued in one or more Series of Notes, including as Additional Notes of an existing Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes. Each Series of Notes shall be issued pursuant to a Series Supplement. Additional Notes of an existing Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes shall be issued pursuant to a Supplement to the related Series Supplement.

 

(b)  So long as each of the certifications described in clause (iv) below (if applicable) are true and correct as of the applicable Series Closing Date, Notes may from time to time be executed by the Issuer and delivered to the Trustee for authentication and thereupon, subject to Section 2.2(c), the same shall be authenticated and delivered by the Trustee upon the receipt by the Trustee of a Company Request at least five (5) Business Days (except in the case of the Series of Notes being issued on the Closing Date or in connection with a Series Refinancing Event) in advance of the related Series Closing Date (which Company Request will be revocable by the Issuer upon notice to the Trustee no later than 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) five (5) Business Days prior to the related Series Closing Date) and upon performance or delivery by the Issuer to the Trustee and the Control Party, and receipt by the Trustee and the Control Party, of the following:

 

(i)  a Company Order authorizing and directing the authentication and delivery of such Notes by the Trustee and specifying the designation of such Notes, the Initial Principal Amount of such Notes to be authenticated and the Note Rate with respect to such Notes;

 

(ii)  a Series Supplement for a new Series of Notes or a Supplement to the related Series Supplement for Additional Notes issued under an existing Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes, as applicable, satisfying the criteria set forth in Section 2.3 executed by the Issuer and the Trustee and specifying the Principal Terms of such Notes;

 

(iii)  if any existing Notes shall remain Outstanding following such issuance of such Notes (other than in connection with a Series Refinancing Event or such existing Notes that will be repaid in full from the proceeds of the issuance of such Notes or that will otherwise be repaid in full on the applicable Series Closing Date), written confirmation from either the Manager or the Issuer that the Rating Agency Condition with respect to the issuance of such Notes has been satisfied;

 

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(iv)  in the case of Additional Notes, if any existing Notes shall remain Outstanding following such issuance of such Additional Notes (other than in connection with a Series Refinancing Event or such existing Notes that will be repaid in full from the proceeds of the issuance of such Additional Notes or that will otherwise be repaid in full on the applicable Series Closing Date), one or more Officer’s Certificates, each executed by an Authorized Officer of the Issuer, dated as of the applicable Series Closing Date to the effect that:

 

(A)  no Cash Flow Sweeping Period is in effect;

 

(B)  no Rapid Amortization Event, Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing or will occur as a result of such issuance of such Additional Notes;

 

(C)  no Manager Termination Event has occurred and is continuing or will occur as a result of such issuance;

 

(D)  the FAT Brands Leverage Ratio is less than or equal to 7.00x after giving pro forma effect to the issuance of such Additional Notes and any repayment of existing Indebtedness from such Additional Notes;

 

(E)  the Senior Leverage Ratio is less than or equal to 6.50x after giving pro forma effect to the issuance of such Additional Notes and any repayment of existing Indebtedness from such Additional Notes;

 

(F)  the New Series Pro Forma DSCR is greater than or equal to 1.75x;

 

(G)  if there is one or more Series of Notes Outstanding (other than a Series of Notes Outstanding that will be repaid in full from the proceeds of issuance of the new Series of Notes or otherwise on the applicable Series Closing Date), the Rating Agency Condition with respect to the issuance of such Additional Notes is satisfied;

 

(H)  (1) all representations and warranties of the Issuer in the Base Indenture and the other Transaction Documents are true and correct, and will continue to be true and correct after giving effect to such issuance on the Series Closing Date, in all material respects (other than any representation or warranty that, by its terms, is made only as of an earlier date), and (2) (x) neither the execution and delivery by the Issuer of such Notes and the Supplement nor the performance by the Issuer of its obligations under each of the Notes and the Supplement: (A) conflicts with the Charter Documents of the Issuer; (B) constitutes a violation of, or a default under, any material agreement to which the Issuer is a party; or (C) contravenes any order or decree that is applicable to the Issuer; and (y) there is no action, proceeding, or investigation pending or threatened in writing against FAT Brands or any of its Subsidiaries before any court or administrative agency that may reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect on the business or assets of the Securitization Entities;

 

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(I)  the proposed issuance does not alter or change the terms of any Series of Notes Outstanding or the Series Supplement relating thereto, except for (i) increases in the aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of any existing Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes and (ii) such changes that are permitted in accordance with the terms hereunder and the applicable Series Supplement, in each case, if such Additional Notes are issued thereunder, and all consents required under this Base Indenture and the applicable Series Supplement in connection with such proposed issuance have been granted;

 

(J)  all costs, fees and expenses with respect to the issuance of such Additional Notes or relating to the actions taken in connection with such issuance that are required to be paid on the applicable Series Closing Date (or issuance date with respect to Additional Notes of an existing Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche) have been paid or will be paid from the proceeds of issuance of such Additional Notes or other available amounts;

 

(K)  all conditions precedent with respect to the authentication and delivery of such Additional Notes provided in this Base Indenture, the related Series Supplement and any related note purchase agreement executed in connection with the issuance of such Additional Notes have been satisfied or waived;

 

(L)  the Series Legal Final Maturity Date for any Additional Notes will not be prior to the Series Legal Final Maturity Date of any Class of Senior Notes then Outstanding;

 

(M)  each of the parties to the Transaction Documents with respect to such Additional Notes has covenanted and agreed in the Transaction Documents that, prior to the date which is one year and one day after the payment in full of the latest maturing Note, it will not institute against, or join with any other Person in instituting against, any Securitization Entity, any involuntary bankruptcy, reorganization, arrangement, insolvency or liquidation proceedings, or other proceedings, under any federal or state bankruptcy or similar law;

 

provided, that none of the foregoing conditions shall apply and no Officer’s Certificates shall be required under this clause (iv) if there are no Series of Notes Outstanding (apart from the new Series of Notes) on the applicable Series Closing Date, or if all Series of Notes Outstanding (apart from the new Series of Notes) will be repaid in full from the proceeds of the issuance of the new Series of Notes or otherwise on the applicable Series Closing Date;

 

(v)  a Tax Opinion dated the applicable Series Closing Date; provided, however, that, if there are no Notes Outstanding or if all Series of Notes Outstanding (apart from the new Series of Notes) will be repaid in full from the proceeds of issuance of such Notes or otherwise on the applicable Series Closing Date, only the opinions set forth in clauses (b) and (c) of the definition of Tax Opinion are required to be given in connection with the issuance of such new Series of Notes;

 

(vi)  one or more Opinions of Counsel, subject to the assumptions and qualifications stated therein, and in a form reasonably acceptable to the Control Party, dated the applicable Series Closing Date, substantially to the effect that:

 

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(A)  all of the instruments described in this Section 2.2(b) furnished to the Trustee and the Control Party conform to the requirements of this Base Indenture and the related Series Supplement and the Notes are permitted to be authenticated by the Trustee pursuant to the terms of this Base Indenture and the related Series Supplement (except that no such Opinion of Counsel shall be required to be delivered in connection with the issuance of Notes on the Closing Date);

 

(B)  the related Supplement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Issuer and constitutes a legal, valid and binding agreement of the Issuer, enforceable against the Issuer in accordance with its terms;

 

(C)  such Notes have been duly authorized by the Issuer, and, when such Notes have been duly authenticated and delivered by the Trustee, such Notes will be legal, valid and binding obligations of the Issuer, enforceable against the Issuer in accordance with their terms;

 

(D)  none of the Securitization Entities is required to be registered as an “investment company” under the 1940 Act;

 

(E)  the Lien and the security interests created by this Base Indenture on the Collateral are validly created and remain perfected as required by this Base Indenture;

 

(F)  based on a reasoned analysis, the assets of a Securitization Entity as a debtor in bankruptcy would not be substantively consolidated with the assets and liabilities of FAT Brands or the Manager in a manner prejudicial to Noteholders;

 

(G)  neither the execution and delivery by the Issuer of such Notes and the Supplement nor the performance by the Issuer of its obligations under each of the Notes and the Supplement, conflicts with the Charter Documents of the Issuer;

 

(H)  neither the execution and delivery by the Issuer of such Notes and the Supplement nor the performance by the Issuer of their payment obligations under each of such Notes and the Series Supplement: (i) violates any law, rule or regulation of any relevant jurisdiction, or (ii) requires the consent, approval, licensing or authorization of, or any filing, recording or registration with, any governmental authority under any law, rule or regulation of any relevant jurisdiction except for those consents, approvals, licenses and authorizations already obtained and those filings, recordings and registrations already made;

 

(I)  unless such Notes are being offered pursuant to a registration statement that has been declared effective under the 1933 Act, it is not necessary in connection with the offer and sale of such Notes by the Issuer to the initial purchaser(s) thereof or by the initial purchaser(s) to the initial investors in such Notes to register such Notes under the 1933 Act; and

 

(J)  all conditions precedent to such issuance have been satisfied and that the related Supplement is authorized or permitted pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Indenture; and

 

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(vii)  such other documents, instruments, certifications, agreements or other items as the Trustee or the Control Party may reasonably require.

 

(c)  Upon receipt of written notice from the Control Party (as directed by the Controlling Class Representative in writing, if a Controlling Class Representative has been appointed) confirming satisfaction, or written waiver by the Control Party (as directed by the Controlling Class Representative in writing, if a Controlling Class Representative has been appointed), of the conditions set forth in Section 2.2(b), the Trustee shall authenticate and deliver, as provided above, such Notes upon execution thereof by the Issuer and the Trustee’s receipt of a Company Request in accordance with, and subject to, Section 2.2(b); provided that, with respect to the Notes issued on the Closing Date, written notice from the Control Party shall not be necessary and the Issuer’s delivery of the executed Notes shall be deemed to be confirmation of the satisfaction of the conditions set forth in Section 2.2(b). Notwithstanding anything contained herein or in any Supplement to the contrary, the Trustee shall be entitled to conclusively rely on, and shall be fully protected in so relying on, such written notice from the Control Party (or in the case of the Notes issued on the Closing Date, the Issuer’s delivery of the executed Notes) and shall in no event be required to make inquiry or investigation as to whether the conditions set forth in Section 2.2(b) have been satisfied or waived. The closing of any issuance of Notes may (but shall not be required to) be effected through an escrow arrangement on terms acceptable to the Trustee, the Control Party and Issuer.

 

(d)  With regard to any Notes issued pursuant to this Section 2.2, the Issuer may only use the proceeds from such issuance to repay (i) Senior Subordinated Notes and Subordinated Notes if all Senior Notes have been repaid and (ii) Subordinated Notes if all Senior Notes and Senior Subordinated Notes have been repaid; provided, that at any time on or after the Series Anticipated Repayment Date for any Series of Notes, the Issuer may only use the proceeds from the issuance of Subordinated Notes to repay Senior Notes, Senior Subordinated Notes or all Outstanding Classes of Senior Notes and Senior Subordinated Notes.

 

Section 2.3 Series Supplement for Each Series.

 

In conjunction with the issuance of a new Series of Notes or Additional Notes of an existing Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes, subject to the applicable terms and provisions of Article XIII, the parties hereto shall execute a Series Supplement for such new Series of Notes or a Supplement to the Series Supplement for such existing Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes, as applicable, which shall specify the relevant terms with respect to such Notes, which may include, without limitation:

 

(a)  its name or designation;

 

(b)  the Initial Principal Amount with respect to such Notes;

 

(c)  the Note Rate with respect to such Notes;

 

(d)  the Series Closing Date;

 

(e)  the Series Anticipated Repayment Date, if any;

 

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(f)  the Series Legal Final Maturity Date;

 

(g)  the principal amortization schedule with respect to such Notes, if any;

 

(h)  each Rating Agency rating such Notes;

 

(i)  the names of the Series Distribution Accounts and any other Series Accounts to be used with respect to such Notes and the terms governing the operation of any such account and the use of moneys therein;

 

(j)  the method of allocating amounts deposited into any Series Distribution Account with respect to such Notes and/or the method of remitting payments from the applicable Indenture Trust Accounts to the Holders of such Series;

 

(k)  whether such Notes will be issued in multiple Classes, Subclasses or Tranches and the rights and priorities of each such Class, Subclass or Tranche;

 

(l)  any deposit of funds to be made in any Indenture Trust Account or any Series Account on the Series Closing Date;

 

(m)  whether such Notes may be issued as either Definitive Notes or Book-Entry Notes and any limitations imposed thereon;

 

(n)  whether such Notes include Senior Notes, Senior Subordinated Notes and/or Subordinated Notes;

 

(o)  the terms of any related Enhancement and the Enhancement Provider thereof, if any;

 

(p)  any other relevant terms of such Notes (all such terms, the “Principal Terms” of such Series).

 

Section 2.4 Execution and Authentication.

 

(a)  Each Note shall, upon issuance pursuant to Section 2.2, be executed on behalf of the Issuer by an Authorized Officer of the Issuer and delivered by the Issuer to the Trustee for authentication and redelivery as provided herein. The signature of each such Authorized Officer on the Notes may be manual or facsimile. If an Authorized Officer of the Issuer whose signature is on a Note no longer holds that office at the time the Note is authenticated, the Note shall nevertheless be valid.

 

(b)  At any time and from time to time after the execution and delivery of this Base Indenture, the Issuer may deliver Notes of any particular Series (issued pursuant to Section 2.2) executed by the Issuer to the Trustee for authentication, together with one or more Company Orders for the authentication and delivery of such Notes, and the Trustee, in accordance with such Company Order and this Base Indenture, shall authenticate and deliver such Notes.

 

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(c)  No Note shall be entitled to any benefit under the Indenture or be valid for any purpose unless there appears on such Note a certificate of authentication substantially in the form provided for below, duly executed by the Trustee by the manual signature of a Trust Officer. Such signatures on such certificate shall be conclusive evidence, and the only evidence, that the Note has been duly authenticated under this Base Indenture. The Trustee may appoint an authenticating agent acceptable to the Issuer to authenticate Notes. Unless limited by the term of such appointment, an authenticating agent may authenticate Notes whenever the Trustee may do so. Each reference in this Base Indenture to authentication by the Trustee includes authentication by such authenticating agent. The Trustee’s certificate of authentication shall be in substantially the following form:

 

“This is one of the Notes of a Series issued under the within mentioned Indenture.

 

  UMB Bank, N.A., as Trustee
     
  By:  
    Authorized Signatory”

 

(d)  Each Note shall be dated and issued as of the date of its authentication by the Trustee.

 

Section 2.5 Note Registrar and Paying Agent.

 

(a)  The Issuer shall (i) maintain an office or agency where Notes may be presented for registration of transfer or for exchange (the “Note Registrar”) and (ii) appoint a paying agent (which shall satisfy the eligibility criteria set forth in Section 10.8(a)) (the “Paying Agent”) at whose office or agency Notes may be presented for payment. The Note Registrar shall keep a register of the Notes (including the name and address of each such Noteholder) and of their transfer and exchange. The Trustee shall indicate in its books and records the principal amount owing to each Noteholder from time to time. The Issuer may appoint one or more co-registrars and one or more additional paying agents. The term “Paying Agent” shall include any additional paying agent and the term “Note Registrar” shall include any co-registrars. The Issuer may change the Paying Agent or the Note Registrar without prior notice to any Noteholder. The Issuer shall notify the Trustee in writing of the name and address of any Agent not a party to this Base Indenture. The Trustee is hereby initially appointed as the Note Registrar and the Paying Agent. Upon any resignation or removal of the Note Registrar, the Issuer shall promptly appoint a successor Note Registrar or, in the absence of such appointment, the Issuer shall assume the duties of the Note Registrar.

 

(b)  The Issuer shall enter into an appropriate agency agreement with any Agent not a party to this Base Indenture. Such agency agreement shall implement the provisions of this Base Indenture that relate to such Agent. If the Issuer fails to maintain a Note Registrar or Paying Agent, the Trustee hereby agrees to act as such, and shall be entitled to appropriate compensation in accordance with this Base Indenture until the Issuer shall appoint a replacement Note Registrar or Paying Agent, as applicable.

 

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Section 2.6 Paying Agent to Hold Money in Trust.

 

(a)  The Issuer will cause the Paying Agent (if the Paying Agent is not the Trustee) to execute and deliver to the Trustee an instrument in which the Paying Agent shall agree with the Trustee (and if the Trustee is the Paying Agent, it hereby so agrees), subject to the provisions of this Section 2.6, that the Paying Agent will:

 

(i)  hold all sums held by it for the payment of amounts due with respect to the Notes in trust for the benefit of the Persons entitled thereto until such sums shall be paid to such Persons or otherwise disposed of as herein provided and pay such sums to such Persons as herein provided;

 

(ii)  give the Trustee written notice of any default by the Issuer of which it has Actual Knowledge in the making of any payment required to be made with respect to the Notes;

 

(iii)  at any time during the continuance of any such default, upon the written request of the Trustee, forthwith pay to the Trustee all sums so held in trust by the Paying Agent;

 

(iv)  immediately resign as the Paying Agent and forthwith pay to the Trustee all sums held by it in trust for the payment of Notes if at any time it ceases to meet the standards required to be met by a Trustee hereunder at the time of its appointment; and

 

(v)  comply with all requirements of the Code and other applicable tax law (including for the avoidance of doubt FATCA) with respect to the withholding from any payments made by it on any Notes of any applicable withholding taxes imposed thereon and with respect to any applicable reporting requirements in connection therewith.

 

(b)  The Issuer may at any time, for the purpose of obtaining the satisfaction and discharge of the Indenture or for any other purpose, by Company Order direct the Paying Agent to pay to the Trustee all sums held in trust by the Paying Agent, such sums to be held by the Trustee in trust upon the same terms as those upon which the sums were held in trust by the Paying Agent. Upon such payment by the Paying Agent to the Trustee, the Paying Agent shall be released from all further liability with respect to such money.

 

(c)  Subject to applicable laws with respect to escheat of funds, any money held by the Trustee or the Paying Agent in trust for the payment of any amount due with respect to any Note and remaining unclaimed for two years after such amount has become due and payable shall be discharged from such trust and be paid to the Issuer upon delivery of a Company Request. The Holder of such Note shall thereafter, as an unsecured general creditor, look only to the Issuer for payment thereof (but only to the extent of the amounts so paid to the Issuer), and all liability of the Trustee or the Paying Agent with respect to such trust money paid to the Issuer shall thereupon cease; provided, however, that the Trustee or the Paying Agent, before being required to make any such repayment, may, at the expense of the Issuer, cause to be published once, in a newspaper published in the English language, customarily published on each Business Day and of general circulation in New York City, and in a newspaper customarily published on each Business Day and of general circulation in London, if applicable, notice that such money remains unclaimed and that, after a date specified therein, which shall not be less than thirty (30) days from the date of such publication, any unclaimed balance of such money then remaining will be repaid to the Issuer. The Trustee may also adopt and employ, at the expense of the Issuer, any other commercially reasonable means of notification of such repayment.

 

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Section 2.7 Noteholder List.

 

(a)  The Trustee will furnish, or the Issuer will cause to be furnished by the Note Registrar, to the Issuer, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative or the Paying Agent, within five (5) Business Days after receipt by the Trustee or the Issuer, as the case may be, of a request therefor from the Issuer, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative or the Paying Agent, respectively, in writing, the names and addresses of the Noteholders of each Series as of the most recent Record Date for payments to such Noteholders. Every Noteholder, by receiving and holding a Note, agrees with the Trustee that neither the Trustee, the Note Registrar, the Issuer, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative nor any of their respective agents shall be held accountable by reason of the disclosure of any such information as to the names and addresses of the Noteholders hereunder, regardless of the source from which such information was obtained.

 

(b)  The Trustee shall preserve in as current a form as is reasonably practicable the most recent list available to it of the names and addresses of Noteholders of each Series of Notes. If the Trustee is not the Note Registrar, the Issuer shall furnish to the Trustee at least seven (7) Business Days before each Quarterly Payment Date and at such other time as the Trustee may request in writing, a list in such form and as of such date as the Trustee may reasonably require of the names and addresses of Noteholders of each Series of Notes.

 

Section 2.8 Transfer and Exchange.

 

(a)  Upon surrender for registration of transfer of any Note at the office or agency of the Note Registrar, if the requirements of Section 2.8(f) and Section 8-401(a) of the New York UCC are met (as determined by the Issuer), the Issuer shall execute and, after the Issuer has executed, the Trustee shall authenticate and deliver to the Noteholder, in the name of the designated transferee or transferees, one or more new Notes, in any authorized denominations, of the same Series and Class (and, if applicable, Subclass or Tranche) and a like original aggregate principal amount of the Notes so transferred. At the option of any Noteholder, Notes may be exchanged for other Notes of the same Series and Class (and, if applicable, Subclass or Tranche) in authorized denominations of like original aggregate principal amount of the Notes so exchanged, upon surrender of the Notes to be exchanged at any office or agency of the Note Registrar maintained for such purpose. Whenever Notes of any Series are so surrendered for exchange, if the requirements of Section 2.8(f) and (g) and Section 8-401(a) of the New York UCC are met (as determined by the Issuer), the Issuer shall execute, and after the Issuer has executed, the Trustee shall authenticate and deliver to the Noteholder, the Notes which the Noteholder making the exchange is entitled to receive.

 

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(b)  Every Note presented or surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange shall be (i) duly endorsed by, or be accompanied by a written instrument of transfer in form satisfactory to the Trustee, the Issuer and the Note Registrar duly executed by, the Holder thereof or such Holder’s attorney duly authorized in writing with a medallion signature guarantee and (ii) accompanied by such other documents as the Trustee or the Note Registrar may require, including evidence reasonably satisfactory to it to document the identities and/or signatures of the transferor, and the transferee (including but not limited to the applicable Internal Revenue Service Form W-8 or W-9). The Issuer shall execute and deliver to the Trustee or the Note Registrar, as applicable, Notes in such amounts and at such times as are necessary to enable the Trustee to fulfill its responsibilities under the Indenture and the Notes.

 

(c)  All Notes issued and authenticated upon any registration of transfer or exchange of the Notes shall be the valid obligations of the Issuer, evidencing the same indebtedness, and entitled to the same benefits under the Indenture, as the Notes surrendered upon such registration of transfer or exchange.

 

(d)  The preceding provisions of this Section 2.8 notwithstanding, (i) the Trustee, the Issuer or the Note Registrar, as the case may be, shall not be required (A) to issue, register the transfer of or exchange of any Note of any Series for a period beginning at the opening of business fifteen (15) days preceding the selection of any Series of Notes for redemption and ending at the close of business on the day of the mailing of the relevant notice of redemption or (B) to register the transfer of or exchange any Note so selected for redemption, and (ii) no assignment or transfer of a Note shall be effective until such assignment or transfer shall have been recorded in the Note Register and in the books and records of the Trustee, as applicable, pursuant to Section 2.5(a).

 

(e)  Unless otherwise provided in the applicable Series Supplement, no service charge shall be payable for any registration of transfer or exchange of Notes, but the Issuer, the Note Registrar or the Trustee, as the case may be, may require payment by the Noteholder of a sum sufficient to cover any Tax or other governmental charge that may be imposed in connection with any transfer or exchange of Notes.

 

(f)  Unless otherwise provided in the applicable Series Supplement, registration of transfer of Notes containing a legend relating to the restrictions on transfer of such Notes (which legend shall be set forth in the applicable Series Supplement) shall be effected only if the conditions set forth in such applicable Series Supplement are satisfied. Notwithstanding anything contained herein or in a Series Supplement to the contrary, neither the Trustee nor the Note Registrar shall be responsible for ascertaining whether any transfer or exchange of a Note or any insertion or removal of a legend on a Note complies with the terms of this Base Indenture or a Series Supplement or any applicable laws; provided that if a transfer certificate or opinion is specifically required by the express terms of this Base Indenture or a Series Supplement to be delivered to the Trustee or the Note Registrar in connection with a transfer, the Trustee or the Note Registrar, as the case may be, shall be under a duty to receive the same but shall not be required to determine (but may rely on a determination made by the Issuer with respect to) the sufficiency of any such transfer certificate or opinion; and provided further that the Issuer shall confirm to the Trustee in writing its approval of any proposed transfer of Notes, upon which approval the Trustee may conclusively rely as to compliance of such transfer with the terms of this Base Indenture, the applicable Series Supplement, and all applicable laws.

 

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(g)  Each transferee of a Note shall provide to the Issuer and the Trustee a transferee certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit H (a “Transferee Certificate”) in connection with such transfer. If the transferee is unable to provide a Transferee Certificate, or would otherwise cause the Issuer to be unable to rely on the “private placement” safe harbor of Treasury Regulation Section 1.7704-1(h), such transfer will be void and of no force or effect and shall not bind or be recognized by the Issuer or any other Person; provided, however, that a Transferee Certificate that omits one or more of paragraphs (1)-(3) of Exhibit H shall be acceptable if the Issuer receives written advice of Foley & Lardner LLP or an opinion of other nationally recognized U.S. tax counsel experienced in such matters, to the effect that the acquisition or transfer will not cause the Issuer to be treated as a publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

 

Section 2.9 Persons Deemed Owners.

 

Prior to due presentment for registration of transfer of any Note, the Trustee, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative, any Agent and the Issuer may deem and treat the Person in whose name any Note is registered (as of the day of determination) as the absolute owner of such Note for the purpose of receiving payment of principal of and interest on such Note and for all other purposes whatsoever, whether or not such Note is overdue, and none of the Trustee, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative, any Agent nor the Issuer shall be affected by notice to the contrary.

 

Section 2.10 Replacement Notes.

 

(a)  If (i) any mutilated Note is surrendered to the Trustee, or the Trustee receives evidence to its reasonable satisfaction of the destruction, loss or theft of any Note and (ii) there is delivered to the Issuer and the Trustee such security or indemnity as may be required by them to hold the Issuer and the Trustee harmless then, provided that the requirements of Section 2.8(f) and Section 8-405 of the New York UCC are met (as determined by the Issuer), the Issuer shall execute and upon their request the Trustee or an authenticating agent appointed by the Trustee shall authenticate and deliver, in exchange for or in lieu of any such mutilated, destroyed, lost or stolen Note, a replacement Note; provided, however, that if any such destroyed, lost or stolen Note, but not a mutilated Note, shall have become, or within seven (7) days shall be, due and payable, instead of issuing a replacement Note, the Issuer may pay such destroyed, lost or stolen Note when so due or payable without surrender thereof. If, after the delivery of such replacement Note or payment of a destroyed, lost or stolen Note pursuant to the preceding sentence, a protected purchaser (within the meaning of Section 8-303 of the New York UCC) of the original Note in lieu of which such replacement Note was issued presents for payment such original Note, the Issuer and the Trustee shall be entitled to recover such replacement Note (or such payment) from the Person to whom it was delivered or any Person taking such replacement Note from such Person to whom such replacement Note was delivered or any assignee of such Person, except a Protected Purchaser, and shall be entitled to recover upon the security or indemnity provided therefor to the extent of any loss, damage, cost or expense incurred by the Issuer or the Trustee in connection therewith.

 

(b)  Upon the issuance of any replacement Note under this Section 2.10, the Issuer may require the payment by the Holder of such Note of a sum sufficient to cover any Tax or other governmental charge that may be imposed in relation thereto and any other reasonable expenses (including the fees and expenses of the Trustee and the Note Registrar) connected therewith.

 

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(c)  Every replacement Note issued pursuant to this Section 2.10 in replacement of any mutilated, destroyed, lost or stolen Note shall constitute an original additional contractual obligation of the Issuer and such replacement Note shall be entitled to all the benefits of the Indenture equally and proportionately with any and all other Notes duly issued under the Indenture (in accordance with the priorities and other terms set forth herein and in each applicable Series Supplement).

 

(d)  The provisions of this Section 2.10 are exclusive and shall preclude (to the extent lawful) all other rights and remedies with respect to the replacement or payment of mutilated, destroyed, lost or stolen Notes.

 

Section 2.11 Treasury Notes.

 

In determining whether the Noteholders of the required Aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of Notes or the required Outstanding Principal Amount of any Series or any Class, Subclass or Tranche of any Series of Notes, as the case may be, have concurred in any direction, waiver or consent, Notes owned, legally or beneficially, by the Issuer or any Affiliate of the Issuer shall be considered as though they are not Outstanding, except that for the purpose of determining whether the Trustee shall be protected in relying on any such direction, waiver or consent, only Notes of which a Trust Officer has received written notice of such ownership shall be so disregarded.

 

Section 2.12 Book-Entry Notes.

 

(a)  Unless otherwise provided in any applicable Series Supplement, the Notes of each Class, Subclass or Tranche of each Series, upon original issuance, shall be issued in the form of typewritten Notes representing Book-Entry Notes and delivered to the depository (or its custodian) specified in such Series Supplement (the “Depository”) which shall be the Clearing Agency on behalf of such Series or such Class, Subclass or Tranche. The Notes of each Class, Subclass or Tranche of each Series shall, unless otherwise provided in the applicable Series Supplement, initially be registered on the Note Register in the name of the Clearing Agency or the nominee of the Clearing Agency. No Note Owner will receive a definitive note representing such Note Owner’s interest in the related Series of Notes, except as provided in Section 2.13. Unless and until definitive, fully registered Notes of any Series or any Class, Subclass or Tranche of any Series (“Definitive Notes”) have been issued to Note Owners pursuant to Section 2.13:

 

(i)  the provisions of this Section 2.12 shall be in full force and effect with respect to each of such Notes;

 

(ii)  the Issuer, the Paying Agent, the Note Registrar, the Trustee, the Control Party and the Controlling Class Representative may deal with the Clearing Agency and the applicable Clearing Agency Participants for all purposes (including the payment of principal of, premium, if any, and interest on the Notes and the giving of instructions or directions hereunder or under the applicable Series Supplement) as the sole Holder of the Notes, and shall have no obligation to the Note Owners;

 

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(iii)  to the extent that the provisions of this Section 2.12 conflict with any other provisions of the Indenture, the provisions of this Section 2.12 shall control with respect to each such Class, Subclass, Tranche or Series of the Notes;

 

(iv)  subject to the rights of the Manager and the Controlling Class Representative under the Indenture, the rights of Note Owners of each such Class or Series of Notes shall be exercised only through the Clearing Agency and the applicable Clearing Agency Participants and shall be limited to those established by law and agreements between such Note Owners and the Clearing Agency and/or the Clearing Agency Participants, and all references in the Indenture to actions by the Noteholders shall refer to actions taken by the Clearing Agency upon instructions from the Clearing Agency Participants, and all references in the Indenture to distributions, notices, reports and statements to the Noteholders shall refer to distributions, notices, reports and statements to the Clearing Agency, as registered holder of the Notes of such Series for distribution to the Note Owners in accordance with the Applicable Procedures of the Clearing Agency; and

 

(v)  subject to the rights of the Manager and the Controlling Class Representative under the Indenture, whenever the Indenture requires or permits actions to be taken based upon instructions or directions of Noteholders evidencing a specified percentage of the Aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of Notes or the Outstanding Principal Amount of a Series or Class, Subclass or Tranche of a Series of Notes, the Clearing Agency shall be deemed to represent such percentage only to the extent that it has received instructions to such effect from Note Owners and/or their related Clearing Agency Participants owning or representing, respectively, such required percentage of the beneficial interest in the Outstanding Notes or such Series or such Class, Subclass or Tranche of such Series of Notes Outstanding, as the case may be, and has delivered such instructions in writing to the Trustee.

 

(b)  Unless and until Definitive Notes of such Series are issued pursuant to Section 2.13, the Clearing Agency will make book-entry transfers among the Clearing Agency Participants and receive and transmit distributions of principal, premium, if any, and interest on the Notes to such Clearing Agency Participants.

 

(c)  Whenever notice or other communication to the Noteholders is required under the Indenture, unless and until Definitive Notes shall have been issued to Note Owners pursuant to Section 2.13, the Trustee and the Issuer shall give all such notices and communications specified herein to be given to Noteholders to the Clearing Agency for distribution to the Note Owners in accordance with the Applicable Procedures of the Clearing Agency.

 

Section 2.13 Definitive Notes.

 

(a)  The Notes of any Series or Class, Subclass or Tranche of any Series, to the extent provided in the applicable Series Supplement, upon original issuance, may be issued in the form of Definitive Notes. The applicable Series Supplement shall set forth the legend relating to the restrictions on transfer of such Definitive Notes and such other restrictions as may be applicable.

 

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(b)  With respect to the Notes of any Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of any Series issued in the form of typewritten Notes representing Book-Entry Notes, if (i) (A) the Issuer advises the Trustee in writing that the Clearing Agency is no longer willing or able to discharge properly its responsibilities with respect to any such Series of Notes and (B) the Issuer is unable to locate a qualified successor, (ii) the Issuer, at its option, advises the Trustee in writing that it elects to terminate the book-entry system through the Clearing Agency with respect to any Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of any Series of Notes Outstanding issued in the form of Book-Entry Notes or (iii) after the occurrence of a Rapid Amortization Event, with respect to any Series of Notes Outstanding, Note Owners holding a beneficial interest in excess of 50% of the aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes advise the Trustee and the applicable Clearing Agency through the applicable Clearing Agency Participants in writing that the continuation of a book-entry system through the applicable Clearing Agency is no longer in the best interests of such Note Owners, the Trustee shall notify all Note Owners of such Series, through the applicable Clearing Agency Participants, of the occurrence of any such event and of the availability of Definitive Notes to Note Owners of such Series. Upon surrender to the Trustee of the Notes of such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche by the applicable Clearing Agency, accompanied by registration instructions from the applicable Clearing Agency for registration, the Issuer shall execute and the Trustee shall authenticate, upon receipt of a Company Order, and deliver an equal aggregate principal amount of Definitive Notes in accordance with the instructions of the Clearing Agency. Neither the Issuer nor the Trustee shall be liable for any delay in delivery of such instructions and may each conclusively rely on, and shall be protected in relying on, such instructions. Upon the issuance of Definitive Notes of such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes all references herein to obligations imposed upon or to be performed by the applicable Clearing Agency shall be deemed to be imposed upon and performed by the Trustee, to the extent applicable with respect to such Definitive Notes, and the Trustee shall recognize the Holders of the Definitive Notes of such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of such Series as Noteholders of such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of such Series hereunder and under the applicable Series Supplement.

 

Section 2.14 Cancellation.

 

The Issuer may at any time deliver to the Trustee for cancellation any Notes previously authenticated and delivered hereunder which the Issuer or an Affiliate thereof may have acquired in any manner whatsoever, and all Notes so delivered shall be promptly cancelled by the Trustee. The Note Registrar and the Paying Agent shall forward to the Trustee any Notes surrendered to them for registration of transfer, exchange or payment. The Trustee shall cancel all Notes surrendered for registration of transfer, exchange, payment, replacement or cancellation. The Issuer may not issue new Notes to replace Notes that they have redeemed or paid or that have been delivered to the Trustee for cancellation. All cancelled Notes held by the Trustee shall be disposed of in accordance with the Trustee’s standard disposition procedures unless the Issuer shall direct that cancelled Notes be returned to them for destruction pursuant to a Company Order. No cancelled Notes may be reissued. No provision of this Base Indenture or any Supplement that relates to prepayment procedures, penalties, fees, make-whole payments or any other related matters shall be applicable to any Notes cancelled pursuant to and in accordance with this Section 2.14.

 

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Section 2.15 Principal and Interest.

 

(a)  The principal of and premium, if any, on each Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes shall be due and payable at the times and in the amounts set forth in the applicable Series Supplement and in accordance with the Priority of Payments.

 

(b)  Each Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes shall accrue interest as provided in the applicable Series Supplement and such interest shall be due and payable for such Series on each Quarterly Payment Date in accordance with the Priority of Payments.

 

(c)  Except as provided in the following sentence, the Person in whose name any Note is registered at the close of business on any Record Date with respect to a Quarterly Payment Date for such Note shall be entitled to receive the principal, premium, if any, and interest payable on such Quarterly Payment Date notwithstanding the cancellation of such Note upon any registration of transfer, exchange or substitution of such Note subsequent to such Record Date. Any interest payable at maturity shall be paid to the Person to whom the principal of such Note is payable.

 

(d)  Pursuant to the authority of the Paying Agent under Section 2.6(a)(v), the Paying Agent shall make all payments of interest on the Notes net of any applicable withholding taxes and Noteholders shall be treated as having received as payments of interest any amounts withheld with respect to such withholding taxes.

 

Section 2.16 Tax Treatment.

 

(a)  The Issuer has structured this Base Indenture and the Notes have been (or will be) issued with the intention that the Notes (other than any Notes that are owned for United States federal income tax purposes by the Manager or an affiliate of the Manager) be treated for United States federal income tax purposes (and, to the extent permitted by Requirements of Law, for state and local income and franchise tax purposes) as indebtedness of the Issuer or, if the Issuer is treated as a division of another entity for United States federal income tax purposes, such other entity. Any Person acquiring any direct or indirect interest in any Note by acceptance of its Notes agrees to treat the Notes for purposes of all Taxes in a manner consistent with the foregoing characterization, unless otherwise required by Requirements of Law.

 

(b)  Each Noteholder, by its acceptance of a Note, agrees to provide and shall provide to the Trustee, the Paying Agent and/or the Issuer (or other Person responsible for withholding of taxes) with its Tax Information, and will update or replace such Tax Information as necessary at any time required by law or promptly upon request. Further, each Noteholder is deemed to understand, acknowledge and agree that the Paying Agent and the Issuer (or other Person responsible for withholding of taxes) have the right to withhold on payments with respect to a Note (without any corresponding gross-up) where an applicable party fails to comply with the requirements set forth in the preceding sentence or the Trustee, the Paying Agent or the Issuer (or other Person responsible for withholding of taxes) is otherwise required to so withhold under applicable law.

 

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Section 2.17 Securities Law Restrictions.

 

(a)  The Notes have not been registered under the 1933 Act or registered or qualified under any state securities laws or the securities laws of any other jurisdiction. Neither the Issuer nor any other person is required to so register or qualify the Notes or to provide registration rights to any investor therein.

 

(b)  Subject to any additional restrictions or deemed representations set forth in the applicable Series Supplement, each Note Owner and purchaser of Notes will be deemed to have represented to the Issuer and agreed that it is (i) an “accredited investor” within the meaning of Rule 501 of Regulation D under the 1933 Act, a “qualified institutional buyer” within the meaning of Rule 144A under the 1933 Act or a non-“U.S. person” within the meaning of Regulation S under the 1933 Act, (ii) not purchasing the Notes with a view to the distribution thereof in violation of applicable securities laws and (iii) aware that the sale of the Notes to it is being made in reliance on Regulation D, Rule 144A and/or Regulation S. After the initial placement of the Notes to the Depository or to investors, as applicable, pursuant to an offering made under the Issuer’s applicable offering memorandum, no interest or participation in the Notes may be reoffered, resold, pledged or otherwise transferred without the Issuer’s consent and unless the Notes are registered pursuant to the 1933 Act and registered or qualified pursuant to any applicable securities laws or subject to an exemption therefrom.

 

(c)  Any investor desiring to effect a transfer of any Note or interest therein without registration under the 1933 Act and registration or qualification under applicable securities laws will be required, and by acceptance of its Note or interests therein will be deemed to have agreed, to indemnify the Issuer, the Trustee and the Paying Agent and the Note Registrar against any liability that may result if the transfer is not exempt from such registration and/or qualification or is not made in accordance with such federal and State laws.

 

Article III

 
SECURITY

 

Section 3.1 Grant of Security Interest.

 

(a)  To secure the Obligations, the Issuer hereby pledges, assigns, conveys, delivers, transfers and sets over to the Trustee, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, and hereby grants to the Trustee, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, a security interest in the Issuer’s right, title and interest in, to and under all of the following property to the extent now owned or at any time hereafter acquired by the Issuer (collectively, the “Indenture Collateral”):

 

(i)  the Equity Interests of any Person owned by the Issuer and all rights as a member or shareholder of each such Person under the Charter Documents of each such Person;

 

(ii)  each Account and all amounts or other property on deposit in or otherwise credited to such Accounts;

 

(iii)  the books and records (whether in physical, electronic or other form) of the Issuer;

 

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(iv)  the rights, powers, remedies and authorities of the Issuer under each of the Transaction Documents (other than the Indenture and the Notes) to which they are a party;

 

(v)  any and all other property of the Issuer now or hereafter acquired, including, without limitation, all accounts, chattel paper, commercial tort claims, deposit accounts, documents, equipment, fixtures, general intangibles, instruments, inventory, securities, securities accounts and other investment property and letter-of-credit rights (in each case, as defined in the New York UCC); and

 

(vi)  all payments, proceeds, supporting obligations and accrued and future rights to payment with respect to the foregoing;

 

provided, that (A) the Issuer shall not be required to pledge, and the Collateral shall not include, more than 65% of the Equity Interests (and any rights associated with such Equity Interests) of any foreign Subsidiary of the Issuer that is a corporation for United States federal income tax purposes and in no circumstance will any such foreign Subsidiary be required to pledge any assets, become a guarantor or otherwise guarantee the Notes; and (B) the security interest in (1) each Series Distribution Account and the funds or securities deposited therein or credited thereto will only secure the related Class of Notes as set forth herein, (2) the Senior Notes Reserve Account and the funds or securities deposited therein or credited thereto shall only be for the benefit of the Senior Noteholders and the Trustee, in its capacity as trustee for the Senior Noteholders and (3) the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account and the funds or securities deposited therein or credited thereto shall only be for the benefit of the Senior Subordinated Noteholders and the Trustee, in its capacity as trustee for the Senior Subordinated Noteholders.

 

(b)  The foregoing grant is made in trust to secure the Obligations and to secure compliance with the provisions of this Base Indenture and any Series Supplements, all as provided in this Base Indenture. The Trustee, on behalf of the Secured Parties, acknowledges such grant, accepts the trusts under this Base Indenture in accordance with the provisions of this Base Indenture and agrees, subject to the other terms and provisions of the Indenture, to perform its duties required in this Base Indenture. The Indenture Collateral shall secure the Obligations equally and ratably without prejudice, priority or distinction (except, with respect to any Series of Notes, as otherwise stated in the applicable Series Supplement or in the applicable provisions of this Base Indenture).

 

(c)  The parties hereto agree and acknowledge that each certificated Equity Interest may be held by a custodian on behalf of the Trustee.

 

Section 3.2 Certain Rights and Obligations of the Issuer Unaffected.

 

(a)  Notwithstanding the grant of the security interest in the Indenture Collateral hereunder to the Trustee, on behalf of the Secured Parties, the Issuer acknowledges that the Manager, on behalf of the Franchise Entities, shall, subject to the terms and conditions of the Management Agreement, nevertheless have the right, subject to the Trustee’s right to revoke such right, in whole or in part, in the event of the occurrence of an Event of Default, (i) to give, in accordance with the Managing Standard, all consents, requests, notices, directions, approvals, extensions or waivers, if any, which are required or permitted to be given by the Issuer under the Collateral Documents, and to enforce all rights, remedies, powers, privileges and claims of the Issuer under the Collateral Documents and (ii) to take any other actions required or permitted under the terms of the Management Agreement.

 

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(b)  The grant of the security interest by the Issuer in the Indenture Collateral to the Trustee on behalf of the Secured Parties shall not (i) relieve the Issuer from the performance of any term, covenant, condition or agreement on the Issuer’s part to be performed or observed under or in connection with any of the Collateral Documents or otherwise with respect to the Indenture Collateral or (ii) impose any obligation on the Trustee or any of the Secured Parties to perform or observe any such term, covenant, condition or agreement on the Issuer’s part to be so performed or observed or impose any liability on the Trustee or any of the Secured Parties for any act or omission on the part of the Issuer or from any breach of any representation or warranty on the part of the Issuer.

 

(c)  The Issuer hereby agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Trustee and each Secured Party (including their respective directors, officers, employees and agents) from and against any and all losses, liabilities (including liabilities for penalties), claims, demands, actions, suits, judgments, reasonable and documented out-of-pocket costs and expenses arising out of or resulting from the security interest granted hereby, whether or not arising by virtue of any act or omission on the part of the Issuer, including, without limitation, the reasonable and documented out-of-pocket costs, expenses and disbursements (including reasonable and documented attorneys’ fees and expenses) incurred by the Trustee or any Secured Party in enforcing the Indenture or any other Transaction Document or preserving any of its rights to, or realizing upon, any of the Collateral; provided, however, that the foregoing indemnification shall not extend to any action by the Trustee or any Secured Party which constitutes gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct by the Trustee or any Secured Party or any other indemnified person hereunder. The indemnification provided for in this Section 3.2 shall survive the removal of, or a resignation by, such Person as Trustee as well as the termination of this Base Indenture or any Series Supplement.

 

Section 3.3 Performance of Collateral Documents.

 

Upon the occurrence of a default or breach (after giving effect to any applicable grace or cure periods) by any Person party to a Collateral Document, promptly following a request from the Trustee to do so and at the Issuer’s expense, the Issuer agrees to take all such lawful action as permitted under this Base Indenture as the Trustee (acting at the direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative)) may reasonably request to compel or secure the performance and observance by such Person of its obligations to the Issuer, and to exercise any and all rights, remedies, powers and privileges lawfully available to the Issuer to the extent and in the manner directed by the Trustee (acting at the direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative)), including, without limitation, the transmission of notices of default and the institution of legal or administrative actions or proceedings to compel or secure performance by such Person of its obligations thereunder. If (i) the Issuer shall have failed, within fifteen (15) Business Days of receiving such direction of the Trustee, to take commercially reasonable action to accomplish such directions of the Trustee, (ii) the Issuer refuses to take any such action, as reasonably determined by the Control Party in good faith, or (iii) the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) reasonably determines that such action must be taken immediately, in any such case the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) may, but shall not be obligated to, take, and the Trustee, subject to the other terms and provisions of the Indenture, shall take (if so directed by the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative)), at the expense of the Issuer, such previously directed action and any related action permitted under this Base Indenture which the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) thereafter determines is appropriate (without the need under this provision or any other provision under this Base Indenture to direct the Issuer to take such action), on behalf of the Issuer and the Secured Parties.

 

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Section 3.4 Stamp, Other Similar Taxes and Filing Fees.

 

The Issuer shall indemnify and hold harmless the Trustee and each Secured Party from any present or future claim for liability for any stamp, documentary or other similar tax and any penalties or interest and expenses with respect thereto, that may be assessed, levied or collected by any jurisdiction in connection with the Indenture, any other Transaction Document or any Indenture Collateral. The Issuer shall pay, and indemnify and hold harmless each Secured Party against, any and all amounts in respect of all search, filing, recording and registration fees, taxes, excise taxes and other similar imposts that may be payable or determined to be payable in respect of the execution, delivery, performance and/or enforcement of the Indenture or any other Transaction Document.

 

Section 3.5 Authorization to File Financing Statements.

 

(a)  The Issuer hereby irrevocably authorizes the Control Party on behalf of the Secured Parties (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) at any time and from time to time to file or record in any filing office in any applicable jurisdiction financing statements and other filing or recording documents or instruments with respect to the Indenture Collateral to perfect the security interests of the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties under this Base Indenture. The Issuer authorizes the filing of any such financing statement naming the Trustee as secured party and indicating that the Indenture Collateral (a) includes “all assets” or words of similar effect or import regardless of whether any particular assets comprised in the Indenture Collateral fall within the scope of Article 9 of the UCC, or (b) as being of an equal or lesser scope or with greater detail. The Issuer agrees to furnish any information necessary to accomplish the foregoing promptly upon the Control Party’s request. The Issuer also hereby ratifies and authorizes the filing on behalf of the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties, of any financing statement with respect to the Indenture Collateral made prior to the date hereof.

 

(b)  The Issuer acknowledges that the Indenture Collateral may include certain rights of the Issuer as secured party under the Transaction Documents. To the extent the Issuer is a secured party under the Transaction Documents, the Issuer hereby irrevocably appoints the Trustee as its representative with respect to all financing statements filed to perfect such security interests and authorizes the Control Party on behalf of the Secured Parties (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) to make such filings it deems necessary to reflect the Trustee as secured party of record with respect to such financing statements.

 

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Article IV

 
REPORTS

 

Section 4.1 Reports and Instructions to Trustee.

 

(a)  Monthly Manager’s Certificates. By 10:00 a.m. (New York City time) on the fifth Business Day prior to each Monthly Allocation Date commencing with the Monthly Allocation Date immediately following the Monthly Collection Period ending in March 2020, the Issuer shall furnish, or cause the Manager to furnish, to the Trustee and the Control Party a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit A specifying the allocation of Collections on the following Monthly Allocation Date (each a “Monthly Manager’s Certificate”), including the Manager’s statement specified in such form. The initial Monthly Manager’s Certificate delivered after the Closing Date may include allocations of amounts received prior to the Closing Date.

 

(b)  [Reserved].

 

(c)  Quarterly Noteholders’ Reports. On or before the third (3rd) Business Day prior to each Quarterly Payment Date, the Issuer shall furnish, or cause the Manager to furnish, a statement substantially in the form of the applicable exhibit to the Series Supplement with respect to each Series of Notes (each, a “Quarterly Noteholders’ Report”), including the Manager’s statement specified in such form, to the Trustee, each Rating Agency, the Control Party and each Paying Agent, with a copy to the Back-Up Manager.

 

(d)  Quarterly Compliance Certificates. On or before the third (3rd) Business Day prior to each Quarterly Payment Date, the Manager shall deliver to the Trustee and each Rating Agency (with a copy to each of the Control Party and the Back-Up Manager) an Officer’s Certificate (each, a “Quarterly Compliance Certificate”) to the effect that, except as provided in a notice delivered pursuant to Section 8.8, no Potential Rapid Amortization Event, Rapid Amortization Event, Default or Event of Default has occurred or is continuing.

 

(e)  Scheduled Principal Payments Deficiency Notices. On the Quarterly Calculation Date with respect to any Quarterly Collection Period, the Issuer shall furnish, or cause the Manager to furnish, to the Trustee and the Rating Agencies (with a copy to each of the Control Party and the Back-Up Manager) written notice of any Scheduled Principal Payments Deficiency Event with respect to any Class or Series of Notes that occurred with respect to such Quarterly Collection Period (any such notice, a “Scheduled Principal Payments Deficiency Notice”).

 

(f)  Annual Accountants’ Reports. Within one hundred and twenty (120) days after the end of each fiscal year, commencing with the fiscal year ending in December 2020, the Issuer shall furnish, or cause the Manager to furnish, to the Trustee, the Control Party and each Rating Agency the reports of the Independent Auditors or the Back-Up Manager required to be delivered to the Issuer by the Manager pursuant to Section 3.3 of the Management Agreement.

 

(g)  Securitization Entity Financial Statements. The Manager on behalf of the Securitization Entities shall provide to the Trustee, the Control Party, the Back-Up Manager and each Rating Agency with respect to each Series of Notes Outstanding the following financial statements:

 

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(i)  within sixty (60) days after the end of each of the first three fiscal quarters of each fiscal year, commencing with the fiscal quarter ending in March 2020, an unaudited condensed combined consolidated balance sheet of the Securitization Entities as of the end of such fiscal quarter and unaudited condensed combined consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, changes in members’ equity and cash flows of the Securitization Entities for such fiscal quarter and for the fiscal year-to-date period then ended (in the case of the second and third fiscal quarters of each fiscal year), which financial statements may be accompanied by supplemental schedules combining and consolidating each of the Securitization Entities; and

 

(ii)  within one hundred and twenty (120) days after the end of each fiscal year, commencing with the fiscal year ending in December 2020, an audited combined consolidated balance sheet of the Securitization Entities as of the end of such fiscal year and audited combined consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, changes in members’ equity and cash flows of the Securitization Entities for such fiscal year, setting forth in comparative form (where appropriate) the comparable amounts for the previous fiscal year, which financial statements may be accompanied by supplemental schedules combining and consolidating each of the Securitization Entities, prepared in accordance with GAAP and accompanied by an opinion thereon of the Independent Auditors stating that such audited financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Securitization Entities and the results of their operations and cash flows in accordance with GAAP.

 

(h)  FAT Brands Financial Statements. So long as FAT Brands is the Manager, the Manager on behalf of the Issuer shall provide to the Trustee, the Control Party, the Back-Up Manager and the Rating Agencies with respect to each Series of Notes Outstanding the following financial statements:

 

(i)  within sixty (60) days after the end of each of the first three fiscal quarters of each fiscal year, commencing with the fiscal quarter ending in March 2020, an unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet of FAT Brands and its subsidiaries as of the end of such fiscal quarter and unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income and cash flows of FAT Brands and its subsidiaries for such fiscal quarter and for the fiscal year-to-date period then ended (in the case of the second and third fiscal quarters of each fiscal year); and

 

(ii)  within one hundred and twenty (120) days after the end of each fiscal year, commencing with the fiscal year ending in December 2019, an audited consolidated balance sheet of FAT Brands and its subsidiaries as of the end of each fiscal year and audited consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows of FAT Brands and its subsidiaries for such fiscal year, setting forth in comparative form (where appropriate) the comparable amounts for the previous fiscal year, prepared in accordance with GAAP and accompanied by an opinion thereon of the Independent Auditors stating that such audited consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of FAT Brands and its subsidiaries and the results of its operations and cash flows in accordance with GAAP.

 

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(i)  Additional Information. Subject to the Disclosure Exception, the Issuer will furnish, or cause to be furnished, from time to time such additional information regarding the financial position, results of operations or business of FAT Brands and its Subsidiaries or any Securitization Entity as the Trustee, the Control Party, the Manager or the Back-Up Manager may reasonably request and the Trustee may furnish any such information received by it to a Holder requesting the same that has delivered an Investor Request Certification in the form of Exhibit B.

 

(j)  Instructions as to Withdrawals and Payments. The Issuer will furnish, or cause to be furnished, to the Trustee or the Paying Agent, as applicable (with a copy to each of the Control Party, the Manager and the Back-Up Manager), written instructions to make withdrawals and payments from the Collection Account and any other Base Indenture Account or Series Account and to make drawings under any Enhancement, as contemplated herein and in any Series Supplement. The Trustee and the Paying Agent shall, subject to the terms hereof, promptly follow any such written instructions.

 

(k)  Copies to Rating Agencies. The Issuer shall deliver, or shall cause the Manager to deliver, a copy of each report, certificate or instruction, as applicable, described in this Section 4.1 to each Rating Agency at its address as listed in or otherwise designated pursuant to Section 14.1 or in the applicable Series Supplement, including any e-mail address.

 

Section 4.2 [Reserved].

 

Section 4.3 Rule 144A Information.

 

For so long as any of the Notes are “restricted securities” within the meaning of Rule 144(a)(3) under the 1933 Act, the Issuer agrees to provide to any Noteholder or Note Owner and to any prospective purchaser of Notes designated by such Noteholder or Note Owner upon the request of such Noteholder or Note Owner or prospective purchaser, any information required to be provided to such holder, owner or prospective purchaser to satisfy the conditions set forth in Rule 144A(d)(4) under the 1933 Act.

 

Section 4.4 Reports, Financial Statements and Other Information to Noteholders.

 

Subject to the other terms of this Section 4.4, the Trustee will make available this Base Indenture, each Series Supplement, each offering memorandum in respect of the offer and sale of Notes, the Quarterly Noteholders’ Reports, the Quarterly Compliance Certificates, the financial statements referenced in Section 4.1(g) and Section 4.1(h) and, to the extent authorized by the Independent Auditors, the reports referenced in Section 4.1(f), to (a) Noteholders (and to any prospective investor that provides the Trustee with an Investor Request Certification in the form of Exhibit B) and (b) the Control Party, the Manager, the Rating Agencies and the Back-Up Manager in a password-protected area of the Trustee’s internet website at www.debtx.com (or such other address as the Trustee may specify from time to time). The Trustee shall require each party (other than the Control Party, the Manager, the Rating Agencies and the Back-Up Manager) accessing such password-protected area to register as a Noteholder, Note Owner or a prospective investor and to make, for the benefit of the Issuer, the applicable representations and warranties described below in a written confirmation in the form of Exhibit B hereto (an “Investor Request Certification”). The Trustee may disclaim responsibility for any information distributed by it for which the Trustee was not the original source. Each Person to whom a report or other information is required to be made available pursuant to this Section 4.4 will be required to comply with the applicable internal procedures and requirements of the Trustee in effect from time to time (which, as of the date hereof, include such Person contacting the Trustee in order to request access) and shall be subject to the terms and other restrictions contained on the Trustee’s website. Each time a Noteholder or other Person who has provided an Investor Request Certification as contemplated herein accesses such internet website, it will be deemed to have confirmed such representations and warranties as of the date thereof. The Trustee shall provide the Control Party and the Manager with copies of such Investor Request Certifications, including the identity, contact information, e-mail address and telephone number of such Noteholders, Note Owners or prospective purchasers upon request, but shall have no responsibility for any of the information contained therein or liability in connection with disclosure of such information. The Trustee shall have the right to change the way any such information is made available in order to make such distribution more convenient and/or more accessible to the Noteholders and the Trustee shall provide timely and adequate notification to all above parties regarding any such changes.

 

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The Trustee will (or will request that the Manager) make available, upon reasonable advance notice and at the expense of the requesting party, copies of the Quarterly Noteholders’ Reports, the Quarterly Compliance Certificates, the financial statements referenced in Section 4.1(g) and Section 4.1(h) and the reports referenced in Section 4.1(f) to any Noteholder (or Note Owner) and to any prospective investor that provides the Trustee with an Investor Request Certification in the form of Exhibit B to the effect that such party (i) is a Noteholder (or Note Owner) or prospective investor, as applicable, (ii) understands that the materials contain confidential information, (iii) is requesting the information solely for use in evaluating such party’s investment or potential investment, as applicable, in the Notes and will keep such information strictly confidential (provided that such party may disclose such information only (A) to (1) those personnel employed by it who need to know such information, (2) its attorneys and outside auditors that have agreed to keep such information confidential and to treat the information as confidential information, or (3) a regulatory or self-regulatory authority pursuant to applicable Requirements of Law or (B) by judicial process), and (iv) is not a Competitor. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a recipient of such materials may disclose to any and all persons, without limitation of any kind, the tax treatment and tax structure of the transactions and any related tax strategies to the extent necessary to prevent the transaction from being described as a “confidential transaction” under U.S. Treasury Regulations Section 1.6011-4(b)(3).

 

Section 4.5 Manager.

 

Pursuant to the Management Agreement, the Manager has agreed to provide certain reports, notices, instructions and other services on behalf of the Issuer. The Noteholders by their acceptance of the Notes consent to the provision of such reports and notices to the Trustee by the Manager in lieu of the Issuer. The Trustee shall have no obligation whatsoever to verify, reconfirm or recalculate any information or material contained in any of the reports, financial statements or other information delivered to it pursuant to this Article IV or the Management Agreement. All distributions, allocations, remittances and payments to be made by the Trustee or the Paying Agent hereunder or under any Supplement shall be made based solely upon the most recently delivered written reports and instructions provided to the Trustee or Paying Agent, as the case may be, by the Manager.

 

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Section 4.6 No Constructive Notice.

 

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, delivery of reports, information, Officer’s Certificates and documents to the Trustee is for informational purposes only and the Trustee’s receipt of such reports, information, Officer’s Certificates or documents shall not constitute constructive notice to the Trustee of any information contained therein or determinable from information contained therein or otherwise create any obligation on the part of the Trustee to review any such reports, information, Officer’s Certificates or documents, including any Issuer’s, the Manager’s or any other Person’s compliance with any of its covenants under the Indenture, the Notes or any other Transaction Document (as to which the Trustee is entitled to rely exclusively on the most recent Quarterly Compliance Certificate described above).

 

Article V

 
ALLOCATION AND APPLICATION OF COLLECTIONS

 

Section 5.1 Management Accounts and Additional Accounts.

 

(a)  Establishment of the Management Accounts. The Concentration Account is owned by the Issuer and, as of the date hereof, has been established as an Eligible Account that has not been established with the Trustee. Such account, as of the Closing Date and at all times thereafter, shall be (A) pledged to the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties pursuant to this Indenture and (B) subject to an Account Control Agreement. Each Management Account shall be an Eligible Account and, in addition, from time to time, the Issuer may establish additional accounts for the purpose of depositing Collections (each such account and any investment accounts related thereto into which funds are transferred for investment purposes pursuant to Section 5.1(b), an “Additional Management Account”); provided that each such Additional Management Account is (A) an Eligible Account that has not been established with the Trustee, and (B) any such account owned by the Issuer is (x) pledged by the Issuer to the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties pursuant to this Indenture and (y) subject to an Account Control Agreement. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this paragraph (a), in the case of any Management Account which is owned by the Issuer and established after the Closing Date, the Issuer shall be permitted a period of five (5) Business Days after the establishment of such deposit account to cause such deposit account to be subject to an Account Control Agreement. The Issuer shall inform Trustee in writing of the details of the Concentration Account or any Additional Management Account, including the name of the financial institution at which such account is established and the account number.

 

(b)  Administration of the Management Accounts. The Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) may invest any amounts held in the Management Accounts in Eligible Investments and such amounts may be transferred by the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) into an investment account for the sole purpose of investing in Eligible Investments so long as such investment account is (A) an Eligible Account that is not established with the Trustee, and (B) if owned by Issuer is (x) pledged by the Issuer to the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties pursuant to this Indenture and (y) subject to an Account Control Agreement; provided, however, that any such investment in any Management Account (or in any such investment account) shall mature not later than the Business Day prior to the next succeeding Monthly Allocation Date. Notwithstanding anything herein or in any other Transaction Document, the Issuer and Manager shall not transfer any funds into any such investment account until such time as an Account Control Agreement is entered into with respect thereto (if such account is not established with the Trustee), it being agreed that the execution and delivery of such Account Control Agreements shall not be required as a condition precedent to the issuance of Notes on the Closing Date. All income or other gain from such Eligible Investments shall be credited to the related Management Account, and any loss resulting from such investments shall be charged to the related Management Account. The Issuer shall not direct (or permit) the disposal of any Eligible Investments prior to the maturity thereof if such disposal would result in a loss of any portion of the initial purchase price of such Eligible Investment.

 

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(c)  Earnings from the Management Accounts. All interest and earnings (net of losses and investment expenses) paid on funds on deposit in the Management Accounts owned by the Issuer shall be deemed to be Investment Income on deposit for distribution to the Collection Account in accordance with Section 5.9.

 

(d)  No Duty to Monitor. The Trustee shall have no duty or responsibility to monitor the amounts of deposits into or withdrawals from any Management Account.

 

Section 5.2 Senior Notes Reserve Account.

 

(a)  Establishment of the Senior Notes Reserve Account. The Issuer hereby instructs the Trustee to establish a Senior Notes Reserve Account, which account the Trustee has established as of the Closing Date, and the Issuer hereby agrees that it shall maintain such account with the Trustee for the benefit of the Senior Noteholders and the Trustee. The Senior Notes Reserve Account shall be an Eligible Account. Amounts to be deposited by the Issuer in the Senior Notes Reserve Account shall be as set forth in the Supplement for each Series and Class of Senior Notes.

 

(b)  Administration of the Senior Notes Reserve Account. All amounts held in the Senior Notes Reserve Account shall be invested in Eligible Investments at the written direction (which may be standing directions) of the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf); provided, however, that any such investment in the Senior Notes Reserve Account shall mature not later than the Business Day prior to the next succeeding Quarterly Payment Date. In the absence of written investment instructions hereunder, funds on deposit in the Senior Notes Reserve Account shall remain uninvested with no liability to the Trustee or the Securities Intermediary. All income or other gain from such Eligible Investments shall be credited to the Senior Notes Reserve Account, and any loss resulting from such investments shall be charged to the Senior Notes Reserve Account. The Issuer shall not direct (or permit) the disposal of any Eligible Investments prior to the maturity thereof if such disposal would result in a loss of any portion of the initial purchase price of such Eligible Investment.

 

(c)  Earnings from the Senior Notes Reserve Account. All interest and earnings (net of losses and investment expenses) paid on funds on deposit in the Senior Notes Reserve Account shall be deemed to be Investment Income on deposit for distribution to the Collection Account in accordance with Section 5.9.

 

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Section 5.3 Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account.

 

(a)  Establishment of the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account. The Issuer hereby instructs the Trustee to establish the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account, which account the Trustee has established as of the Closing Date, and the Issuer hereby agrees that it shall maintain such account with the Trustee for the benefit of the Senior Subordinated Noteholders. The Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account shall be an Eligible Account. Amounts to be deposited by the Issuer in the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account shall be as set forth in the Supplement for each Series and Class of Senior Subordinated Notes.

 

(b)  Administration of the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Accounts. All amounts held in the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Accounts shall be invested in Eligible Investments at the written direction (which may be standing directions) of the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf); provided, however, that any such investment in any Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account shall mature not later than the Business Day prior to the next succeeding Quarterly Payment Date. In the absence of written investment instructions hereunder, funds on deposit in the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account shall remain uninvested with no liability to the Trustee or the Securities Intermediary. All income or other gain from such Eligible Investments shall be credited to the relevant Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account, and any loss resulting from such investments shall be charged to the relevant Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account. The Issuer shall not direct (or permit) the disposal of any Eligible Investments prior to the maturity thereof if such disposal would result in a loss of any portion of the initial purchase price of such Eligible Investment.

 

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(c)  Earnings from the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account. All interest and earnings (net of losses and investment expenses) paid on funds on deposit in the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account shall be deemed to be Investment Income on deposit for distribution to the Collection Account in accordance with Section 5.9.

 

Section 5.4 Collection Account.

 

(a)  Establishment of Collection Account. The Issuer hereby instructs the Trustee to establish the Collection Account, which account the Trustee has established as of the Closing Date, and the Issuer hereby agrees that it shall maintain such account with the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties.

 

(b)  Administration of the Collection Account. All amounts held in the Collection Account shall be invested in Eligible Investments at the written direction (which may be standing directions) of the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf); provided, however, that any such investment in the Collection Account shall mature not later than the Business Day prior to the next succeeding Monthly Allocation Date. In the absence of written investment instructions hereunder, funds on deposit in the Collection Account shall remain uninvested with no liability to the Trustee or the Securities Intermediary. All income or other gain from such Eligible Investments shall be credited to the Collection Account, and any loss resulting from such investments shall be charged to the Collection Account. The Issuer shall not direct (or permit) the disposal of any Eligible Investments prior to the maturity thereof if such disposal would result in a loss of any portion of the initial purchase price of such Eligible Investment.

 

(c)  Earnings from Collection Account. All interest and earnings (net of losses and investment expenses) paid on funds on deposit in the Collection Account shall be deemed to be Investment Income on deposit for distribution in accordance with Section 5.9.

 

Section 5.5 Collection Account Administrative Accounts.

 

(a)  Establishment of Collection Account Administrative Accounts. The Issuer hereby instructs the Trustee to establish the following eight accounts (collectively, the “Collection Account Administrative Accounts”), each of which accounts the Trustee has established as of the Closing Date, and the Issuer hereby agrees that it shall maintain such accounts with the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties:

 

(i)  the Senior Notes Interest Payment Account, for the deposit of the Senior Notes Quarterly Interest Amount;

 

(ii)  the Senior Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account for the deposit of the Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount;

 

(iii)  the Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account for the deposit of the Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount;

 

(iv)  the Senior Notes Principal Payment Account for the deposit of the amounts allocable to the payment of principal of the Senior Notes;

 

(v)  the Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account for the deposit of the amounts allocable to the payment of principal of the Senior Subordinated Notes;

 

(vi)  the Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account for the deposit of the amounts allocable to the payment of principal of the Subordinated Notes;

 

(vii)  the Senior Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account for the deposit of the Senior Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest amount;

 

(viii)  the Senior Subordinated Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account for the deposit of the Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest Amount;

 

(ix)  the Subordinated Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account for the deposit of the Subordinated Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest Amount;

 

(x)  the Securitization Operating Expense Account for the deposit of Securitization Operating Expenses; and

 

(xi)  the Tax Lien Reserve Account for the deposit of any Tax Lien Reserve Amounts.

 

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(b)  Administration of the Collection Account Administrative Accounts. All amounts held in each Collection Account Administrative Account shall be invested in Eligible Investments at the written direction (which may be standing directions) of the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf); provided, however, that any such investment in the Collection Account Administrative Accounts shall mature not later than the Business Day prior to the next succeeding Quarterly Payment Date (or, in the case of the Securitization Operating Expense Account, the next succeeding Monthly Allocation Date). In the absence of written investment instructions hereunder, funds on deposit in each Collection Account Administrative Account shall remain uninvested with no liability to the Trustee or the Securities Intermediary. All income or other gain from such Eligible Investments shall be credited to the relevant Collection Account Administrative Account, and any loss resulting from such investments shall be charged to the relevant Collection Account Administrative Account. The Issuer shall not direct (or permit) the disposal of any Eligible Investments prior to the maturity thereof if such disposal would result in a loss of any portion of the initial purchase price of such Eligible Investment.

 

(c)  Earnings from the Collection Account Administrative Accounts. All interest and earnings (net of losses and investment expenses) paid on funds on deposit in each of the Collection Account Administrative Accounts shall be deposited in such account and shall be deemed to be Investment Income on deposit for distribution in accordance with Section 5.9.

 

(d)  Establishment of the Distribution Account. The Issuer hereby instructs the Trustee to establish the Distribution Account, which account the Trustee has established as of the Closing Date, and the Issuer hereby agrees that it shall maintain such account with the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties. All amounts held in the Distribution Account shall remain uninvested with no liability to the Trustee or the Securities Intermediary. The Distribution Account shall be established for the purpose of receiving funds pursuant to Section 5.11(a). Upon the transfer of any amounts to the Distribution Account in accordance with Section 5.11(a), the Trustee shall distribute such amounts on each Quarterly Payment Date to the parties and in the amounts specified in the Quarterly Noteholders’ Report in accordance with Section 5.11(a).

 

Section 5.6 Eligible Investments.

 

In connection with investments and reinvestments of funds by the Trustee or the Securities Intermediary at the direction of the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) holding each Indenture Trust Account (as the case may be):

 

(a)  Neither the Trustee nor the Securities Intermediary shall be liable for any loss, including without limitation any loss of principal or interest, or for any breakage fees or penalties in connection with the purchase or liquidation of any investment made in accordance with the written instructions of the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf). The Trustee or the Securities Intermediary, as applicable, shall make such investments and reinvestments in accordance with, and the written instructions of the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) to the Trustee or the Securities Intermediary shall, as applicable, be in accordance with, the terms of the following provisions:

 

(i)  If any funds to be invested are not received in an Indenture Trust Account by 2:00 p.m. (New York time) on any Business Day, such funds shall be invested in accordance herewith, subject to the terms and provisions hereof, on the next succeeding Business Day; provided that neither the Trustee nor the Securities Intermediary shall be liable for any losses incurred in respect of the failure to invest funds not thereby received;

 

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(ii)  If the Eligible Investments in which the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) has directed the Trustee or the Securities Intermediary to invest any funds in any Indenture Trust Account ceases to be an Eligible Investment pursuant to the definition thereof, the Issuer (or the Manager) on its behalf shall provide the Trustee or the Securities Intermediary with new specific written investment directions pursuant to the applicable provisions of this Section 5.6. Neither the Trustee nor the Securities Intermediary shall have any duty or obligation to monitor whether an investment meets the requirements of an Eligible Investment nor have any liability with respect to any investment which ceases to be an Eligible Investment.

 

(b)  The Trustee and the Securities Intermediary and their affiliates are permitted to receive additional compensation that could be deemed to be in its respective economic self-interests for (i) serving as an investment advisor, administrator, shareholder, servicing agent, custodian or sub custodian with respect to certain Eligible Investments, (ii) using affiliates to effect transactions in certain Eligible Investments and (iii) effecting transactions in certain Eligible Investments. Neither the Trustee nor the Securities Intermediary guarantees the performance of any Eligible Investments.

 

Section 5.7 Trustee as Securities Intermediary.

 

(a)  The Trustee or other Person holding any Base Indenture Account held for the benefit of the Secured Parties (collectively the “Trustee Accounts”) shall be the “Securities Intermediary”. If the Securities Intermediary in respect of any Trustee Account is not the Trustee, the Issuer shall obtain the express agreement of such other Person to the obligations of the Securities Intermediary set forth in this Section 5.7.

 

(b)  The Securities Intermediary agrees, in respect of assets held by it, that:

 

(i)  the Trustee Accounts are accounts to which “financial assets” within the meaning of Section 8-102(a)(9) (“Financial Assets”) of the UCC in effect in the State of New York (the “New York UCC”) will or may be credited;

 

(ii)  the Trustee Accounts are “securities accounts” within the meaning of Section 8-501 of the New York UCC and the Securities Intermediary qualifies as a “securities intermediary” under Section 8-102(a) of the New York UCC;

 

(iii)  all securities or other property (other than cash) underlying any Financial Assets credited to any Trustee Account shall be registered in the name of the Securities Intermediary, indorsed to the Securities Intermediary or in blank or credited to another securities account maintained in the name of the Securities Intermediary and in no case will any Financial Asset credited to any Trustee Account be registered in the name of the Issuer, payable to the order of the Issuer or specially indorsed to the Issuer;

 

(iv)  subject to the other terms and provisions hereof, all property delivered to the Securities Intermediary pursuant to this Base Indenture will be promptly credited to the appropriate Trustee Account;

 

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(v)  each item of property (whether investment property, security, instrument or cash) credited to a Trustee Account shall be treated as a Financial Asset under Article 8 of the New York UCC;

 

(vi)  if at any time the Securities Intermediary shall receive any entitlement order from the Trustee or the Control Party (including those directing transfer or redemption of any Financial Asset) relating to the Trustee Accounts, the Securities Intermediary shall comply with such entitlement order without further consent by the Issuer or any other Person;

 

(vii)  the Trustee Accounts shall be governed by the laws of the State of New York, regardless of any provision of any other agreement. For purposes of all applicable UCCs, New York shall be deemed to be the Securities Intermediary’s jurisdiction and the Trustee Accounts (as well as the “securities entitlements” (as defined in Section 8-102(a)(17) of the New York UCC) related thereto) shall be governed by the laws of the State of New York;

 

(viii)  the Securities Intermediary has not entered into, and until termination of this Base Indenture, will not enter into, any agreement with any other Person relating to the Trustee Accounts and/or any Financial Assets credited thereto pursuant to which it has agreed to comply with entitlement orders (as defined in Section 8-102(a)(8) of the New York UCC) of such other Person and the Securities Intermediary has not entered into, and until the termination of this Base Indenture will not enter into, any agreement with the Issuer purporting to limit or condition the obligation of the Securities Intermediary to comply with entitlement orders as set forth in Section 5.7(b)(vi); and

 

(ix)  except for the claims and interest of the Trustee, the Secured Parties and the Issuer in the Trustee Accounts, neither the Securities Intermediary nor, in the case of the Trustee, any Trust Officer has Actual Knowledge of any claim to, or interest, in the Trustee Accounts or in any Financial Asset credited thereto. If the Securities Intermediary or, in the case of the Trustee, a Trust Officer has Actual Knowledge of the assertion by any other person of any Lien, encumbrance, or adverse claim (including any writ, garnishment, judgment, warrant of attachment, execution or similar process) against any Trustee Account or in any Financial Asset carried therein, the Securities Intermediary will promptly notify the Trustee, the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager and the Issuer thereof.

 

(c)  At any time after the occurrence and during the continuation of an Event of Default, the Trustee shall possess all right, title and interest in all funds on deposit from time to time in the Trustee Accounts and in all Proceeds thereof, and (acting at the direction of the Control Party) shall be the only Person authorized to originate entitlement orders in respect of the Trustee Accounts; provided, however, that at all other times the Issuer shall, subject to the terms of the Indenture and the other Transaction Documents, be authorized to originate entitlement orders in respect of the Trustee Accounts.

 

Section 5.8 Establishment of Series Accounts; Legacy Accounts.

 

(a)  Establishment of Series Accounts. To the extent specified in the Series Supplement with respect to any Series of Notes, the Trustee may establish and maintain one or more Series Accounts in accordance with the terms of such Series Supplement.

 

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(b)  Legacy Accounts. In the case of any mandatory or optional redemption in full of any Class or Series of Notes issued pursuant to this Base Indenture, on the Notes Discharge Date with respect to such Class or Series of Notes, the Issuer may (but are not required to) elect to have all or any portion of the funds held in any Legacy Account with respect to such Class, Subclass, Tranche or Series of Notes transferred to the applicable distribution account for such Class, Subclass, Tranche or Series of Notes, for application toward the prepayment of such Class or Series of Notes; provided that the foregoing shall not limit any provisions set forth in the applicable Series Supplement. If the Issuer does not elect to have such funds so transferred, or if the Issuer elect to have only a portion of such funds so transferred, any funds remaining in the applicable Legacy Account after the applicable Notes Discharge Date shall be deposited into the Collection Account for application in accordance with the Priority of Payments. When the balance of any Legacy Account has been reduced to zero, the Trustee may close such account. The Trustee shall make the distributions and transfers and shall close any accounts as contemplated by this Section 5.8 pursuant to instructions delivered by the Issuer to the Trustee.

 

Section 5.9 Collections and Investment Income.

 

(a)  Deposits to the Concentration Account. Until the Indenture is terminated pursuant to Section 12.1, the Issuer shall deposit (or cause to be deposited) the following amounts to the Concentration Account to the extent owed to it or its Subsidiaries and upon receipt (unless otherwise specified below):

 

(i)  all Franchise Entity Collections shall be deposited in the Concentration Account in accordance with Section 8.35;

 

(ii)  within three (3) Business Days of receipt, equity contributions, if any, made by any Non-Securitization Entity to the Issuer to the extent such equity contributions are directed to be made to the Concentration Account; and

 

(iii)  within five (5) Business Days of receipt, all other amounts constituting Collections not referred to in the preceding clauses other than amounts required to be deposited directly to other Management Accounts or to the Collection Account.

 

(b)  Withdrawals from the Concentration Account. The Manager may (and in the case of sub-clause (iv) below, shall) withdraw available amounts on deposit in the Concentration Account to make the following payments and deposits:

 

(i)  on a monthly basis (and on any day of such week as the Manager so determines for any given week), as necessary, to the extent of amounts deposited to the Concentration Account that the Manager determines were required to be deposited to another account or were deposited to the Concentration Account in error;

 

(ii)  on a daily basis, as necessary, to pay or distribute, as applicable, any Excluded Amounts;

 

(iii)  on a daily basis, as necessary, to make payments of any refunds, credits or other amounts owing to Franchisees;

 

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(iv)  on a monthly basis at or prior to 10:00 a.m. (New York City time) on each Monthly Allocation Date, all Retained Collections with respect to the preceding Monthly Collection Period then on deposit in the Concentration Account to the Collection Account (which, for the avoidance of doubt, will include any Investment Income with respect thereto) for application to make payments and deposits in the order of priority set forth in the Priority of Payments.

 

(c)  Deposits to the Collection Account. The Manager (and/or with respect to (i) and (ii) below, the Trustee upon written instruction from the Control Party) will deposit or cause to be deposited to the Collection Account the following amounts, in each case promptly after receipt (unless otherwise specified below):

 

(i)  amounts obtained by the Trustee or the Control Party on account of or as a result of the exercise by the Trustee or the Control Party of any of their rights under the Indenture, including without limitation, under Article IX hereof;

 

(ii)  any other amounts required to be deposited to the Collection Account hereunder or under any other Transaction Documents.

 

(d)  Investment Income. The Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall, as set forth in the Monthly Manager’s Certificate relating to each Monthly Allocation Date, instruct the Trustee in writing to transfer any Investment Income on deposit in the Indenture Trust Accounts (other than the Collection Account) to the Collection Account for application as Collections on that Monthly Allocation Date.

 

(e)  Payment Instructions. In accordance with and subject to the terms of the Management Agreement, the Issuer shall cause the Manager to instruct (i) each Franchise Entity to distribute to Issuer all Franchise Entity Collections by depositing such Franchise Entity Collections in the Concentration Account, and (ii) any other Person (not an Affiliate of the Issuer) obligated at any time to make any payments with respect to the Collateral, to make such payment to the Concentration Account or the Collection Account, as determined by the Issuer or the Manager.

 

(f)  Misdirected Collections. The Issuer agrees that if any Collections shall be received by the Issuer or any other Securitization Entity in an account other than an Account or in any other manner, such monies, instruments, cash and other proceeds will not be commingled by the Issuer or such other Securitization Entity with any of their other funds or property, if any, but will be held separate and apart therefrom and shall be held in trust by the Issuer or such other Securitization Entity for, and, within one (1) Business Day of the identification of such payment, paid over to, the Trustee, with any necessary endorsement. The Trustee shall withdraw from the Collection Account any monies on deposit therein that the Manager certifies to it and the Control Party are not Retained Collections and pay such amounts to or at the direction of the Manager.

 

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Section 5.10 Application of Retained Collections on Monthly Allocation Dates.

 

On each Monthly Allocation Date (unless the Manager shall have failed to deliver by 10:00 a.m. (New York City time) on the Business Day prior to such Monthly Allocation Date the Monthly Manager’s Certificate relating to such Monthly Allocation Date, in which case the application of Retained Collections relating to such Monthly Allocation Date shall occur on the Business Day immediately following the day on which such Monthly Manager’s Certificate is delivered), the Trustee shall, based solely on the information contained in such Monthly Manager’s Certificate, withdraw amounts on deposit in the Collection Account as of 10:00 a.m. (New York City time) on such Monthly Allocation Date in respect of the preceding Monthly Collection Period for deposit or payment in the following order of priority:

 

(i)  first, to reimburse (A)(i) the Trustee, for any fees, expenses and indemnities due and owing to it; and (ii) the Control Party, for any fees, expenses and indemnities due and owing to it, pro rata based on the amount due; provided that, prior to the occurrence of an Event of Default, the expenses and indemnities payable to the Trustee and the Control Party pursuant to this priority (A)(i) shall not exceed $250,000 in the aggregate per calendar year; and then (B) expenses or indemnities due and owing to the Control Party if it is required to take any material discretionary action without direction from the Controlling Class Representative or the Noteholders, provided further that the expenses and indemnities payable to the Control Party pursuant to this priority (B) shall not exceed $200,000 in the aggregate per calendar year;

 

(ii)  second, to reimburse the Manager for any unreimbursed Manager Advances (and accrued interest thereon at the Advance Interest Rate);

 

(iii)  third, to pay Successor Manager Transition Expenses, if any;

 

(iv)  fourth, to pay the Monthly Management Fee to the Manager;

 

(v)  fifth, to deposit to the Securitization Operating Expense Account, any previously accrued and unpaid Securitization Operating Expenses together with any Securitization Operating Expenses that are expected to be payable prior to the immediately following Monthly Allocation Date, in an aggregate amount not to exceed the Capped Securitization Operating Expense Amount with respect to the annual period in which such Monthly Allocation Date occurs after giving effect to all deposits previously made to the Securitization Operating Expense Account in such annual period, to be distributed pro rata based on the amount of each type of Securitization Operating Expense (whether or not specifically enumerated in the definition of Securitization Operating Expense) payable on such Monthly Allocation Date pursuant to this priority (v);

 

(vi)  sixth, to deposit to the Senior Notes Interest Payment Account, the Senior Notes Accrued Quarterly Interest Amount;

 

(vii)  seventh, to deposit to the Senior Notes Principal Payment Account, for allocation pro rata to (1) any Senior Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Senior Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount of each Class of Senior Notes, an amount equal to the sum of (1) any Senior Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Senior Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount;

 

(viii)  eighth, to deposit to the Senior Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account the Senior Subordinated Notes Accrued Quarterly Interest Amount;

 

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(ix)  ninth, so long as no Rapid Amortization Event has occurred and is continuing, to deposit to the Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account, for allocation pro rata to (1) any Senior Subordinated Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Senior Subordinated Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount of each Class of Senior Subordinated Notes, an amount equal to the sum of (1) the Senior Subordinated Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) the Senior Subordinated Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount;

 

(x)  tenth, to deposit in the applicable Reserve Accounts, the Senior Notes Reserve Account Deficit Amount and any Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account Deficit Amount for each Class of Senior Notes and Senior Subordinated Notes sequentially in alphanumerical order of designation; provided, however, that no amounts, with respect to a Series of Notes, will be deposited into the Senior Notes Reserve Account or the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account, as applicable, pursuant to this priority (x) on any Monthly Allocation Date that occurs during the Quarterly Collection Period immediately preceding the Series Legal Final Maturity Date relating to such Series of Notes;

 

(xi)  eleventh, if such Monthly Allocation Date does not occur during a Cash Flow Sweeping Period, to deposit to the Senior Notes Principal Payment Account for allocation pro rata to (1) any Senior Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Senior Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount after giving effect to priorities (i) through (x) above, of each Class of Senior Notes that are not Planned Amortization Notes, an amount equal to the lesser of (a) the product of seventy percent (70%) and the amount of funds available in the Collection Account after the application of priorities (i) through (x) above and (b) the aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of each Class of Senior Notes that are not Planned Amortization Notes;

 

(xii)  twelfth, if such Monthly Allocation Date occurs during a Cash Flow Sweeping Period, to deposit to the Senior Notes Principal Payment Account for allocation pro rata to (1) any Senior Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Senior Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount after giving effect to priorities (i) through (x) above, of each Class of Senior Notes, an amount equal to the lesser of (a) the product of the Cash Flow Sweeping Percentage and the amount of funds available in the Collection Account after the application of priorities (i) through (x) above and (b) the aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of each Class of Senior Notes;

 

(xiii)  thirteenth, if such Monthly Allocation Date does not occur during a Cash Flow Sweeping Period, to deposit to the Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account for allocation pro rata to (1) any Senior Subordinated Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Senior Subordinated Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount after giving effect to priorities (i) through (x) above, of each Class of Senior Subordinated Notes that are not Planned Amortization Notes, an amount equal to the lesser of (a) the product of seventy percent (70%) and the amount of funds available in the Collection Account after the application of priorities (i) through (x) above, subtracted by the amount paid in priority (xi), if any, and (b) the aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of each Class of Senior Subordinated Notes that are not Planned Amortization Notes;

 

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(xiv)  fourteenth, if such Monthly Allocation Date occurs during a Cash Flow Sweeping Period, to deposit to the Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account for allocation pro rata to (1) any Senior Subordinated Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Senior Subordinated Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount after giving effect to priorities (i) through (x) above, of each Class of Senior Subordinated Notes an amount equal to the lesser of (a) the product of the Cash Flow Sweeping Percentage and the amount of funds available in the Collection Account after the application of priorities (i) through (x) above, subtracted by the amount paid in priority (xii), if any, and (b) the aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of each Class of Senior Subordinated Notes;

 

(xv)  fifteenth, if a Rapid Amortization Event has occurred and is continuing, to deposit 100% of the amounts remaining on deposit in the Collection Account first, to the Senior Notes Principal Payment Account, to each Class of Senior Notes pro rata to (1) any Senior Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Senior Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount after giving effect to priorities (i) through (xiv) above, of each Class of Senior Notes, in each case until the Outstanding Principal Amount of each such Class of Senior Notes will be reduced to zero on the next Quarterly Payment Date after giving effect to all deposits in the Senior Notes Principal Payment Account, and then second, to the Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account to each Class of Senior Subordinated Notes pro rata to (1) any Senior Subordinated Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Senior Subordinated Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount, after giving effect to priorities (i) through (xiv) above, of each Class of Senior Subordinated Notes, in each case until the Outstanding Principal Amount of each such Class will be reduced to zero on the next Quarterly Payment Date after giving effect to all deposits in the Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account;

 

(xvi)  sixteenth, if a Series Anticipated Repayment Date for any Class of Senior Notes has occurred, to deposit 100% of the amounts remaining on deposit in the Collection Account to the Senior Notes Principal Payment Account (sequentially, in alphanumerical order of the Senior Notes) until the Outstanding Principal Amount of each such Class will be reduced to zero on the next Quarterly Payment Date after giving effect to all deposits in the Senior Notes Principal Payment Account;

 

(xvii)  seventeenth, if a Series Anticipated Repayment Date for any Class of Senior Subordinated Notes has occurred, to deposit 100% of the amounts remaining on deposit in the Collection Account to the Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account (sequentially, in alphanumerical order of the Senior Subordinated Notes) until the Outstanding Principal Amount of each such Class will be reduced to zero on the next Quarterly Payment Date after giving effect to all deposits in the Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account;

 

(xviii)  eighteenth, to deposit to the Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account an amount equal to the Subordinated Notes Accrued Quarterly Interest Amount;

 

(xix)  nineteenth, so long as no Rapid Amortization Event has occurred and is continuing, to deposit for allocation pro rata to (1) any Subordinated Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Subordinated Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount of each Class of Subordinated Notes, to the Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account an amount equal to the sum of (1) the Subordinated Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, if any, and (2) the Subordinated Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount, if any;

 

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(xx)  twentieth, if a Rapid Amortization Event has occurred and is continuing, to deposit for allocation pro rata to (1) any Subordinated Notes Accrued Scheduled Principal Payment Amount, and (2) any Subordinated Notes Scheduled Principal Payment Deficiency Amount of each Class of Subordinated Notes, 100% of the amounts remaining on deposit in the Collection Account to the Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account (sequentially, in alphanumerical order of the Subordinated Notes) until the Outstanding Principal Amount of each such Class will be reduced to zero on the next Quarterly Payment Date after giving effect to all deposits in the Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account;

 

(xxi)  twenty-first, pro rata, to (A) pay to the Trustee and the Control Party any expenses and indemnities due and owing to it in excess of the expenses and indemnities paid pursuant to priority (i) above, and (B) deposit to the Securitization Operating Expense Account, an amount equal to any accrued and unpaid Securitization Operating Expenses (together with any Securitization Operating Expenses that are expected to be payable prior to the immediately following Monthly Allocation Date) in excess of the Capped Securitization Operating Expense Amount after giving effect to priority (v) above;

 

(xxii)  twenty-second, to allocate to the Senior Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account any Senior Notes Accrued Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest Amount for the Senior Notes for such Monthly Allocation Date;

 

(xxiii)  twenty-third, to allocate to the Senior Subordinated Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account any Senior Subordinated Notes Accrued Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest Amount for the Senior Subordinated Notes for such Monthly Allocation Date;

 

(xxiv)  twenty-fourth, to allocate to the Subordinated Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account any Subordinated Notes Accrued Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest Amount for the Subordinated Notes for such Monthly Allocation Date;

 

(xxv)  twenty-fifth, to deposit to the applicable Principal Payment Account(s) an amount equal to any due and unpaid prepayment premium or make-whole prepayment consideration; and

 

(xxvi)  twenty-sixth, to pay the Residual Amount at the direction of the Issuer.

 

(b)  Securitization Operating Expenses. On each Monthly Allocation Date, as set forth in each Monthly Manager’s Certificate, or on any Business Day in accordance with specific written instructions of the Manager, the Trustee shall withdraw an amount equal to the lesser of (i) the sum of all Securitization Operating Expenses then due and payable and (ii) the amount on deposit in the Securitization Operating Expense Account after giving effect to any deposits thereto pursuant to the Priority of Payments on such date and apply such funds to pay any Securitization Operating Expenses then due and payable.

 

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Section 5.11 Quarterly Payment Date Applications.

 

(a)  Based solely on the information contained in the applicable Quarterly Noteholders’ Report, (i) on the Business Day prior to each Quarterly Payment Date (unless the Manager shall have failed to deliver by 10:00 a.m. (New York City time) on the third Business Day prior to such Quarterly Payment Date the Quarterly Noteholders’ Report relating to such Quarterly Payment Date, in which case the transfers to the Distribution Account set forth below relating to such Quarterly Payment Date shall occur on the second Business Day immediately following the day on which such Quarterly Noteholders’ Report is delivered), the Trustee shall make the transfers to the Distribution Account in the amounts and from the accounts set forth below and (ii) on each Quarterly Payment Date (unless the Manager shall have failed to deliver by 10:00 a.m. (New York City time) on the third Business Day prior to such Quarterly Payment Date the Quarterly Noteholders’ Report relating to such Quarterly Payment Date, in which case the payments set forth below relating to such Quarterly Payment Date shall occur on the third Business Day immediately following the day on which such Quarterly Noteholders’ Report is delivered), the Trustee shall make such further distributions from the Distribution Account in the amounts and to the Persons set forth below, in the case of each of clauses (i) and (ii), based upon such information as further specified in the Quarterly Noteholders’ Report:

 

(i)  transfer from the Senior Notes Interest Payment Account to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Senior Noteholders the accrued and unpaid Senior Notes Quarterly Interest Amount;

 

(ii)  transfer from the Senior Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Senior Subordinated Noteholders the accrued and unpaid Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount;

 

(iii)  transfer from the Senior Notes Principal Payment Account to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Noteholders of each applicable Class of Senior Notes in the order of priority set forth in the Priority of Payments with respect to such priorities (vii), (xi), (xii), (xv), (xvi) and (xxv);

 

(iv)  transfer from the Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Holders of each applicable Class of Senior Subordinated Notes in the order of priority set forth in the Priority of Payments with respect to such priorities (ix), (xiii), (xiv), (xv), (xvii) and (xxv);

 

(v)  transfer from the Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Holders of the Subordinated Notes the accrued and unpaid Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount;

 

(vi)  transfer from the Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Holders of each applicable Class of Subordinated Notes in the order of priority set forth in the Priority of Payments with respect to such priorities (xix), (xx) and (xxv);

 

(vii)  transfer from the Senior Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Noteholders of each applicable Class of Senior Notes the accrued and unpaid Senior Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest due on such Quarterly Payment Date;

 

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(viii)  transfer from the Senior Subordinated Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Noteholders of each applicable Class of Senior Subordinated Notes the accrued and unpaid Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest due on such Quarterly Payment Date;

 

(ix)  transfer from the Subordinated Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Noteholders of each applicable Class of Subordinated Notes the accrued and unpaid Subordinated Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest due on such Quarterly Payment Date;

 

(x)  on the Series Legal Final Maturity Date with respect to any Series of Senior Notes, transfer from the Senior Notes Reserve Account an amount equal to any insufficiency in the Outstanding Principal Amount to be repaid on such date, to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Senior Noteholders; and

 

(xi)  on the Series Legal Final Maturity Date with respect to any Series of Senior Subordinated Notes, transfer from the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account an amount equal to any insufficiency in the Outstanding Principal Amount to be repaid on such date, to the Distribution Account for further distribution to the Senior Subordinated Noteholders.

 

(b)  In connection with its preparation and delivery of the Quarterly Noteholders’ Report with respect to each Quarterly Payment Date, the Manager shall make all calculations and determinations required in order to give effect to the terms of Section 5.11(a), including without limitation the following calculations and determinations in accordance with the provisions set forth below:

 

(i)  Senior Notes Interest Payment Account. As set forth in each Quarterly Noteholders’ Report, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing on the next Quarterly Payment Date to withdraw the funds deposited in the Senior Notes Interest Payment Account on each Monthly Allocation Date with respect to the immediately preceding Quarterly Collection Period, to be paid for the benefit of the Senior Noteholders, up to the accrued and unpaid Senior Notes Quarterly Interest Amount due on such Quarterly Payment Date, pro rata among each Class of Senior Notes based upon the amount of the Senior Notes Quarterly Interest Amount payable with respect to each such Class, and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Senior Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with Senior Notes Quarterly Interest Amount due to each Senior Noteholder on such Quarterly Payment Date. Amounts on deposit in the Senior Notes Interest Payment Account as of the Closing Date, if any, shall be treated as funds deposited in the Senior Notes Interest Payment Account during the first Quarterly Collection Period after the Closing Date.

 

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(ii)  Senior Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account.

 

(A)  To the extent any Series of Senior Subordinated Notes has been issued, as set forth in each Quarterly Noteholders’ Report, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing on the next Quarterly Payment Date to withdraw the funds deposited in the Senior Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account, on each Monthly Allocation Date with respect to the immediately preceding Quarterly Collection Period, and, if applicable, funds deposited in the Senior Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account pursuant to subclause (ii) below, to be paid for the benefit of the Senior Subordinated Noteholders, up to the accrued and unpaid Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount due on such Quarterly Payment Date, pro rata among each Class of Senior Subordinated Notes based upon the amount of the Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount payable with respect to each such Class, and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Senior Subordinated Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount due to each Senior Subordinated Noteholder on such Quarterly Payment Date.

 

(B)  If, as determined on any Quarterly Calculation Date, the result of (A) the accrued and unpaid Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount due on such Quarterly Payment Date over (B) the amount that shall be available to make payments of interest on the Senior Subordinated Notes on such Quarterly Payment Date in accordance with subclause (i) above, is greater than zero (a “Senior Subordinated Notes Interest Shortfall Amount”), then such amount available to be distributed on such Quarterly Payment Date to the Senior Subordinated Notes shall be paid to the Senior Subordinated Notes, pro rata among each Class of Senior Subordinated Notes based upon the amount of the Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount payable with respect to each such Class; provided that such reduction shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any default caused by the existence of such Senior Subordinated Notes Interest Shortfall Amount. An additional amount of interest may accrue on the Senior Subordinated Notes Interest Shortfall Amount for each subsequent Interest Accrual Period until the Senior Subordinated Notes Interest Shortfall Amount is paid in full, as set forth in the applicable Series Supplement.

 

(iii)  Senior Notes Principal Payment Account.

 

(A)  As set forth in each Quarterly Noteholders’ Report, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing on the next Quarterly Payment Date to withdraw the funds deposited in the Senior Notes Principal Payment Account on each Monthly Allocation Date with respect to the immediately preceding Quarterly Collection Period, to be paid for the benefit of, in the case of funds deposited pursuant to priorities (vii), (xi), (xii), (xv), (xvi) and (xxv) of the Priority of Payments, the Noteholders of each applicable Class of Senior Notes in the order of priority set forth in the Priority of Payments with respect to such priorities (vii), (xi), (xii), (xv), (xvi) and (xxv), in each case and pro rata among each such applicable Class of Senior Notes based upon the Outstanding Principal Amount of the Senior Notes of such Class, and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Senior Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with the Outstanding Principal Amount of Senior Notes due to each Senior Noteholder on such Quarterly Payment Date.

 

(B)  Payment of principal of any Series of Notes shall be distributed in accordance with the applicable Series Supplement to the parties thereto.

 

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(iv)  Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account. To the extent any Series of Senior Subordinated Notes has been issued, as set forth in each Quarterly Noteholders’ Report, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing to withdraw on the next Quarterly Payment Date the funds deposited in the Senior Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account on each Monthly Allocation Date with respect to the immediately preceding Quarterly Collection Period, to be paid for the benefit of, in the case of funds deposited pursuant to priorities (ix), (xiii), (xiv), (xv), (xvii) and (xxv) of the Priority of Payments, the Holders of each applicable Class of Senior Subordinated Notes in the order of priority set forth in the Priority of Payments with respect to such priorities (ix), (xiii) (xiv), (xv), (xvii) and (xxv), in each case sequentially in order of alphanumerical designation and pro rata among each such Class of Senior Subordinated Notes of the same alphanumerical designation based upon the Outstanding Principal Amount of the Senior Subordinated Notes of such Class, and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Senior Subordinated Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with the Outstanding Principal Amount of Senior Subordinated Notes due to each Senior Subordinated Noteholder on such Quarterly Payment Date.

 

(v)  Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account.

 

(A)  To the extent any Series of Subordinated Notes has been issued, as set forth in each Quarterly Noteholders’ Report, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing on the next Quarterly Payment Date to withdraw the funds deposited in the Subordinated Notes Interest Payment Account on each Monthly Allocation Date with respect to the immediately preceding Quarterly Collection Period, to be paid for the benefit of the Holders of the Subordinated Notes, up to the accrued and unpaid Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount, pro rata among each Class of Subordinated Notes based upon the amount of the Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount payable with respect to each such Class, and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Subordinated Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount due to each Subordinated Noteholder on such Quarterly Payment Date.

 

(B)  If, as determined on any Quarterly Calculation Date, the result of (A) the accrued and unpaid Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amounts due on such Quarterly Payment Date over (B) the amount that shall be available to make payments of interest on the Subordinated Notes in accordance with subclause (A) on such Quarterly Payment Date, is greater than zero (the “Subordinated Notes Interest Shortfall Amount”), then such amount available to be distributed on such Quarterly Payment Date to the Subordinated Notes shall be paid to each Class of Subordinated Notes, pro rata among each Class of Subordinated Notes based upon the amount of the Subordinated Notes Quarterly Interest Amount payable with respect to each such Class; provided that such reduction shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any default caused by the existence of such Subordinated Notes Interest Shortfall Amount. An additional amount of interest may accrue on the Subordinated Notes Interest Shortfall Amount for each subsequent Interest Accrual Period until the Subordinated Notes Interest Shortfall Amount is paid in full, as specified in the applicable Series Supplement.

 

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(vi)  Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account. To the extent any Series of Subordinated Notes has been issued, as set forth in each Quarterly Noteholders’ Report, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing to withdraw on the next Quarterly Payment Date the funds deposited in the Subordinated Notes Principal Payment Account on each Monthly Allocation Date with respect to the immediately preceding Quarterly Collection Period, to be paid for the benefit of, in the case of funds deposited pursuant to priorities (xix), (xx) and (xxv) of the Priority of Payments, the Holders of each applicable Class of Subordinated Notes in the order of priority set forth in the Priority of Payments with respect to such priorities (xix), (xx) and (xxv), in each case pro rata among each such Class of Subordinated Notes based upon the Outstanding Principal Amount of the Subordinated Notes of such Class and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Subordinated Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with the Outstanding Principal Amount of Subordinated Notes due to each Subordinated Noteholder on such Quarterly Payment Date.

 

(vii)  Senior Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account. As set forth in each Quarterly Noteholders’ Report, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing on the next Quarterly Payment Date to withdraw the funds deposited in the Senior Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account on each Monthly Allocation Date with respect to the immediately preceding Quarterly Collection Period, to be paid for the benefit of the Noteholders of each applicable class of Senior Notes, up to the accrued and unpaid Senior Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest due on such Quarterly Payment Date, pro rata among each such applicable Class of Senior Notes based upon the Senior Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest payable with respect to each such Class, and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Senior Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with the Senior Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest due to each Senior Noteholder on such Quarterly Payment Date.

 

(viii)  Senior Subordinated Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account. To the extent any series of Senior Subordinated Notes has been issued, as set forth in each Quarterly Noteholders’ Report, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing on the next Quarterly Payment Date to withdraw the funds deposited in the Senior Subordinated Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account on each Monthly Allocation Date with respect to the immediately preceding Quarterly Collection Period, to be paid for the benefit of the Noteholders of each applicable class of Senior Subordinated Notes, up to the accrued and unpaid Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest due on such Quarterly Payment Date, pro rata among each such applicable Class of Senior Subordinated Notes based upon the Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest payable with respect to each such Class, and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Senior Subordinated Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with the Senior Subordinated Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest due to each Senior Subordinated Noteholder on such Quarterly Payment Date.

 

(ix)  Subordinated Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account. To the extent any Series of Subordinated Notes has been issued, as set forth in each Quarterly Noteholders’ Report, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing on the next Quarterly Payment Date to withdraw the funds deposited in the Subordinated Notes Post-ARD Additional Interest Account on each Monthly Allocation Date with respect to the immediately preceding Quarterly Collection Period, to be paid for the benefit of the Noteholders of each applicable class of Subordinated Notes, up to the accrued and unpaid Subordinated Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest due on such Quarterly Payment Date, pro rata among each such applicable Class of Subordinated Notes based upon the Subordinated Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest payable with respect to each such Class, and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Subordinated Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with the Subordinated Notes Quarterly Post-ARD Additional Interest due to each Subordinated Noteholder on such Quarterly Payment Date.

 

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(x)  Amounts on Deposit in the Senior Notes Reserve Account.

 

(A)  If the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) determines, with respect to any Series of Senior Notes, that the amount to be remitted to the applicable Senior Noteholders in accordance with this Section 5.11 on any Series Legal Final Maturity Date related to such Series of Senior Notes is less than the Outstanding Principal Amount of such Series of Senior Notes, on the Quarterly Calculation Date immediately preceding such Series Legal Final Maturity Date, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee thereof in writing, and the Trustee shall, in accordance with such instruction on such Series Legal Final Maturity Date, withdraw from the Senior Notes Reserve Account an amount equal to such insufficiency and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Senior Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with the Outstanding Principal Amount of Senior Notes due to each Senior Noteholder.

 

(xi)  Amounts on Deposit in the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account

 

(A)  If the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) determine, with respect to any Series of Senior Subordinated Notes, that the amount to be remitted to the applicable Senior Subordinated Noteholder in accordance with this Section 5.11 on any Series Legal Final Maturity Date related to such Series of Senior Subordinated Notes is less than the Outstanding Principal Amount of such Series of Senior Subordinated Notes, on the Quarterly Calculation Date immediately preceding such Series Legal Final Maturity Date, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee thereof in writing, and the Trustee shall, in accordance with such instruction on such Series Legal Final Maturity Date, withdraw from the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account an amount equal to such insufficiency in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the Senior Subordinated Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with the Outstanding Principal Amount of Senior Subordinated Notes due to each Senior Subordinated Noteholder.

 

Section 5.12 Other Amounts.

 

(a)  Senior Notes Reserve Account. On any date on which no Senior Notes are Outstanding, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing to withdraw on such date any funds then on deposit in the Senior Notes Reserve Account and to deposit all remaining funds into the Collection Account.

 

(b)  Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account. On any date on which no Senior Subordinated Notes are Outstanding, the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) shall instruct the Trustee in writing to withdraw on such date any funds then on deposit in the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account and to deposit all remaining funds into the Collection Account.

 

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(c)  Optional Prepayments. The Issuer shall have the right to optionally prepay the Outstanding Principal Amount of any Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes, in whole or in part in accordance with the related Series Supplement; provided that following a Series Anticipated Repayment Date for any Series of Notes that remains Outstanding, all optional prepayments must be applied first, to Senior Notes, second, to Senior Subordinated Notes and third, to Subordinated Notes. The Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) (x) will provide prior written notice to the Trustee and such other parties as required pursuant to the applicable Series Supplement of the making of any optional prepayment in accordance with the applicable Series Supplement, (y) will deposit the amount of such optional prepayment in the relevant Principal Payment Account and (z) shall instruct the Trustee pursuant to the Quarterly Noteholders’ Report to withdraw on the applicable prepayment date the funds so deposited in the relevant Principal Payment Account, to be paid for the benefit of the Holders of each applicable Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes and, in accordance with Section 6.1, remit such funds to the relevant Noteholders, pro rata in accordance with the Outstanding Principal Amount of such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes due to each Noteholder.

 

Section 5.13 Determination of Quarterly Interest.

 

Quarterly payments of interest and fees on each Series of Notes shall be determined, allocated and distributed in accordance with the procedures set forth in the applicable Series Supplement.

 

Section 5.14 Determination of Quarterly Principal.

 

Quarterly payments of principal, if any, of each Series of Notes shall be determined, allocated and distributed in accordance with the procedures set forth in the applicable Series Supplement.

 

Section 5.15 Prepayment of Principal.

 

Mandatory prepayments of principal, if any, of each Series of Notes shall be determined, allocated and distributed in accordance with the procedures set forth in the applicable Series Supplement, if not otherwise described herein.

 

Section 5.16 Replacement of Ineligible Accounts.

 

If, at any time, any Management Account or any of the Senior Notes Reserve Account, the Senior Subordinated Notes Reserve Account, the Collection Account or any Collection Account Administrative Account shall cease to be an Eligible Account (each, an “Ineligible Account”), the Issuer shall (i) within five (5) Business Days of obtaining knowledge thereof, notify the Control Party thereof and (ii) within sixty (60) days of obtaining knowledge thereof, (A) establish, or cause to be established, a new account that is an Eligible Account in substitution for such Ineligible Account, (B) with the exception of any Management Account, following the establishment of such new Eligible Account, transfer, or with respect to the Indenture Trust Accounts maintained at the Trustee, instruct the Trustee in writing to transfer, all cash and investments from such Ineligible Account into such new Eligible Account, (C) in the case of a Management Account, following the establishment of such new Eligible Account, transfer or cause to be transferred to such new Eligible Account, all cash and investments from such Ineligible Account into such new Eligible Account, (D) in the case of a Management Account, transfer or cause to be transferred all items deposited in the lock-box related to such Ineligible Account to a new lock-box related to such new Eligible Account, and (E) pledge, or cause to be pledged, such new Eligible Account to the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties and, if such Ineligible Account is required to be subject to an Account Control Agreement in accordance with the terms of the Indenture, cause such new Eligible Account to be subject to an Account Control Agreement in form and substance reasonably acceptable to the Control Party and the Trustee. In the event that any of the Collection Account, any Management Account or any Collection Account Administrative Account becomes an Ineligible Account, the Manager shall, promptly following the establishment of such related new Eligible Account, notify each Franchisee of a change in payment instructions, if any.

 

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Section 5.17 Instructions and Directions.

 

Any instructions or directions to be provided by the Issuer or the Manager referenced in this Article V (a) with respect to a Quarterly Calculation Date or Quarterly Payment Date, respectively, will be contained in the applicable Quarterly Noteholders’ Report for such Quarterly Calculation Date or Quarterly Payment Date, as applicable, and (b) with respect to a Monthly Allocation Date will be contained in the Monthly Manager’s Certificate for such Monthly Allocation Date. All such instructions or directions shall include the specific amounts to be withdrawn or deposited by the Trustee from or to each account or to be paid to any Person, and shall also include all payment instructions. The Trustee shall be entitled to rely on such instructions or directions without further investigation.

 

Article VI

 
DISTRIBUTIONS

 

Section 6.1 Distributions in General.

 

(a)  Unless otherwise specified in the applicable Series Supplement, on each Quarterly Payment Date, the Paying Agent shall pay to the Noteholders of each Series of record on the preceding Record Date the amounts payable thereto (A) in the case of Book-Entry Notes, by wire transfer in immediately available funds released by the Paying Agent from the applicable Indenture Trust Account and (B) in the case of Definitive Notes (i) by wire transfer in immediately available funds released by the Paying Agent from the applicable Indenture Trust Account on such Quarterly Payment Date if a Noteholder has provided to the Paying Agent and the Trustee wiring instructions at least five (5) Business Days prior to the applicable Quarterly Payment Date or (ii) by check mailed first-class postage prepaid to such Noteholder at the address for such Noteholder appearing in the Note Register if such Noteholder has not provided wire instructions pursuant to clause (B)(i) above; provided, however, that the final principal payment due on a Note shall only be paid upon due presentment and surrender of such Note for cancellation in accordance with the provisions of such Note at the applicable Corporate Trust Office, which surrender shall also constitute a general release by the applicable Noteholder from any claims against the Securitization Entities, the Manager, the Trustee and their affiliates.

 

(b)  Unless otherwise specified in the applicable Series Supplement or in this Base Indenture, all distributions to Noteholders of all Classes within a Series of Notes shall be made from amounts allocated in accordance with the Priority of Payments among each Class of Notes in alphanumerical order (i.e., A-1, A-2, B-1, B-2 and not A-1, B-1, A-2, B-2) and pro rata among Holders of Notes within each Class of the same alphanumerical designation; provided, however, that any roman-numeral-denominated Tranche within an alphanumerical Class of Notes shall be deemed to have the same alphanumerical priority (i.e., “Class A-2-I Notes” will be pari passu and pro rata in right of payment according to the amount then due and payable with respect to “Class A-2-II Notes”) except to the extent otherwise specified in this Base Indenture or the related Series Supplement, including in connection with an optional prepayment in whole or in part of one or more Tranches within such alphanumerical Class of Notes independently of other Tranches; provided, further, that unless otherwise specified in the applicable Series Supplement or in this Base Indenture, all distributions to Noteholders of all Classes within a Series of Notes having the same alphabetical designation (without giving effect to any numerical designation) shall be pari passu with each other with respect to the distribution of Collateral proceeds resulting from the exercise of remedies upon an Event of Default.

 

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Article VII

 
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

 

The Issuer hereby represents and warrants, for the benefit of the Trustee and the Noteholders, as follows as of each Series Closing Date (subject to any amendments or other modifications hereto in connection with a Series Refinancing Event on or about such Series Closing Date, in which case the Issuer shall make such representations and warranties as so amended or otherwise modified):

 

Section 7.1 Existence and Power.

 

Each Securitization Entity (a) is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of its jurisdiction of organization, (b) is duly qualified to do business as a foreign entity and in good standing under the laws of each jurisdiction where the character of its property, the nature of its business or the performance of its obligations under the Transaction Documents make such qualification necessary, except to the extent that the failure to so qualify is not reasonably likely to result in a Material Adverse Effect, and (c) has all limited liability company, corporate or other powers and all governmental licenses, authorizations, consents and approvals required to carry on its business as now conducted and for purposes of the transactions contemplated by the Indenture and the other Transaction Documents.

 

Section 7.2 Company and Governmental Authorization.

 

The execution, delivery and performance by the Issuer of this Base Indenture and any Series Supplement and by the Issuer and each other Securitization Entity of the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party (a) is within such Securitization Entity’s limited liability company, corporate or other powers and has been duly authorized by all necessary limited liability company, corporate or other action, (b) requires no action by or in respect of, or filing with, any Governmental Authority which has not been obtained (other than any actions or filings that may be undertaken after the Closing Date pursuant to the terms of this Base Indenture or any other Transaction Document) and (c) does not contravene, or constitute a default under, any Requirements of Law with respect to such Securitization Entity or any Contractual Obligation with respect to such Securitization Entity or result in the creation or imposition of any Lien on any property of any Securitization Entity, except for Liens created by this Base Indenture or the other Transaction Documents, except in the case of clauses (b) and (c) above, solely with respect to the Contribution Agreements, the violation of which could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. This Base Indenture and each of the other Transaction Documents to which each Securitization Entity is a party has been executed and delivered by a duly Authorized Officer of such Securitization Entity.

 

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Section 7.3 No Consent.

 

Except as set forth on Schedule 7.3, no consent, action by or in respect of, approval or other authorization of, or registration, declaration or filing with, any Governmental Authority or other Person is required for the valid execution and delivery by the Issuer of this Base Indenture and any Series Supplement and by the Issuer and each other Securitization Entity of any Transaction Document to which it is a party or for the performance of any of the Securitization Entities’ obligations hereunder or thereunder other (a) than such consents, approvals, authorizations, registrations, declarations or filings as shall have been obtained or made by such Securitization Entity prior to the Closing Date or as are permitted to be obtained subsequent to the Closing Date in accordance with Section 7.13 or Section 8.25 and (b) such consents, approvals, authorizations, registrations, declarations or filings the failure of which to be obtained or made would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

Section 7.4 Binding Effect.

 

This Base Indenture and each other Transaction Document to which a Securitization Entity is a party is a legal, valid and binding obligation of each such Securitization Entity enforceable against such Securitization Entity in accordance with its terms (except as may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent conveyance, reorganization, moratorium and other similar laws affecting creditors’ rights generally or by general equitable principles, whether considered in a proceeding at law or in equity or by an implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing).

 

Section 7.5 Litigation.

 

There is no action, suit, proceeding or investigation pending against or, to the knowledge of the Issuer, threatened in writing against or affecting any Securitization Entity or of which any property or assets of such Securitization Entity is the subject before any court or arbitrator or any Governmental Authority that would, individually or in the aggregate, affect the validity or enforceability of this Base Indenture or any Series Supplement, materially adversely affect the performance by the Securitization Entities of their obligations hereunder or thereunder or which is reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

Section 7.6 Employee Benefit Plans.

 

Except as set forth on Schedule 7.6, (i) no Securitization Entity or any member of a Controlled Group that includes a Securitization Entity has established, maintains, contributes to, or has any liability (whether actual, contingent or otherwise) in respect of (or has in the past six years established, maintained, contributed to, or had any liability (whether actual, contingent or otherwise) in respect of) any Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan, except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; (ii) no Securitization Entity has any liability (whether actual, contingent or otherwise) with respect to any post-retirement welfare benefits under a Welfare Plan, other than liability for continuation coverage described in Part 6 of Subtitle B of Title I of ERISA or other applicable continuation of coverage laws, except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; (iii) each Employee Benefit Plan presently complies and has been maintained in compliance with its terms and with the requirements of all applicable statutes, rules and regulations, including ERISA and the Code, except for such instances of noncompliance as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; (iv) no “prohibited transaction” (within the meaning of Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code) has occurred with respect to any Employee Benefit Plan, other than transactions effected pursuant to a statutory or administrative exemption or such transactions as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and (v) except as would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, each such Employee Benefit Plan that is intended to be qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code is so qualified and nothing has occurred, whether by action or by failure to act, which would cause the loss of such qualification.

 

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Section 7.7 Tax Filings and Expenses.

 

Each Securitization Entity has filed, or caused to be filed, all federal, state, local and foreign Tax returns and all other Tax returns which, to the knowledge of the Issuer, are required to be filed by, or with respect to the income, properties or operations of, such Securitization Entity (whether information returns or not), and has paid, or caused to be paid, all Taxes due, if any, pursuant to said returns or pursuant to any assessment received by any Securitization Entity or otherwise, except such Taxes, if any, as are being contested in good faith and by appropriate action and for which adequate reserves have been set aside in accordance with GAAP. As of the Closing Date, except as set forth on Schedule 7.7, the Issuer is not aware of any proposed Tax assessments against any FAT Brands Entity. Except as would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, no tax deficiency has been determined adversely to any Securitization Entity, nor does any Securitization Entity have any knowledge of any tax deficiencies. Each Securitization Entity has paid all fees and expenses required to be paid by it in connection with the conduct of its business, the maintenance of its existence and its qualification as a foreign entity authorized to do business in each state and each foreign country in which it is required to so qualify, except to the extent that the failure to pay such fees and expenses is not reasonably likely to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

Section 7.8 Disclosure.

 

All certificates, written reports, written statements, written notices, documents and other written information furnished to the Trustee or the Noteholders by or on behalf of the Securitization Entities pursuant to any provision of the Indenture or any other Transaction Document, or in connection with or pursuant to any amendment or modification of, or waiver under, the Indenture or any other Transaction Document, are, at the time the same are so furnished, complete and correct in all material respects (when taken together with all other information furnished by or on behalf of the FAT Brands Entities to the Trustee or the Noteholders, as the case may be), and give the Trustee or the Noteholders, as the case may be, true and accurate knowledge of the subject matter thereof in all material respects, and the furnishing of the same to the Trustee or the Noteholders, as the case may be, shall constitute a representation and warranty by the Issuer made on the date the same are furnished to the Trustee or the Noteholders, as the case may be, to the effect specified herein.

 

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Section 7.9 1940 Act.

 

No Securitization Entity is required to register as an “investment company” under the 1940 Act.

 

Section 7.10 Regulations T, U and X.

 

The proceeds of the Notes will not be used to purchase or carry any “margin stock” (as defined or used in the regulations of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, including Regulations T, U and X thereof) in such a way that could cause the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents to fail to comply with the regulations of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, including Regulations T, U and X thereof. No Securitization Entity owns or is engaged in the business of extending credit for the purpose of purchasing or carrying any margin stock.

 

Section 7.11 Solvency.

 

Both before and upon giving effect to the transactions contemplated by the Indenture and the other Transaction Documents, the Securitization Entities, taken as a whole, are solvent within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Code and any applicable state law and no Securitization Entity is the subject of any voluntary or involuntary case or proceeding seeking liquidation, reorganization or other relief with respect to itself or its debts under any bankruptcy or Insolvency Law and no Event of Bankruptcy has occurred with respect to any Securitization Entity.

 

Section 7.12 Ownership of Equity Interests; Subsidiaries.

 

(a)  All of the issued and outstanding limited liability company interests of the Issuer are directly owned by FAT Brands, have been duly authorized and validly issued, are fully paid and non-assessable and are owned of record by FAT Brands free and clear of all Liens other than Permitted Liens.

 

(b)  All of the issued and outstanding limited liability company interests of the Franchise Entities are directly owned by the Issuer, have been duly authorized and validly issued, are fully paid and non-assessable and are owned of record by the Issuer, free and clear of all Liens other than Permitted Liens.

 

(c)  FAT Brands has no subsidiaries and owns no Equity Interests in any other Person, other than the Issuer. The Issuer has no subsidiaries and owns no Equity Interests in any other Person, other than the Franchise Entities and any Additional Franchise Entities. The Franchise Entities have no subsidiaries and own no Equity Interests in any other Person.

 

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Section 7.13 Security Interests.

 

(a)  The Issuer owns and has good title to its Collateral, free and clear of all Liens other than Permitted Liens. This Base Indenture constitutes a valid and continuing Lien on the Collateral in favor of the Trustee on behalf of and for the benefit of the Secured Parties, which Lien on the Collateral has been perfected and is prior to all other Liens (other than Permitted Liens), and is enforceable as such as against creditors of and purchasers from the Issuer in accordance with its terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent conveyance, reorganization, moratorium and other similar laws affecting creditors’ rights generally or by general equitable principles, whether considered in a proceeding at law or in equity and by an implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing. Except as set forth on Schedule 7.13, the Issuer has received all consents and approvals required by the terms of the Collateral to the pledge of the Collateral to the Trustee hereunder. The Issuer has filed, or shall have caused, the filing of all appropriate financing statements in the proper filing office in the appropriate jurisdictions under applicable law in order to perfect the first-priority security interest (subject to Permitted Liens) in the Collateral granted to the Trustee hereunder no later than ten (10) days after the Closing Date or such Series Closing Date.

 

(b)  Other than the security interest granted to the Trustee hereunder, pursuant to the other Transaction Documents or any other Permitted Lien, the Issuer has not pledged, assigned, sold or granted a security interest in the Collateral. All action necessary (including the filing of UCC-1 financing statements) to protect and evidence the Trustee’s security interest in the Collateral in the United States has been, or shall be, duly and effectively taken, consistent with and subject to the obligations set forth in Section 7.13(a). No security agreement, financing statement, equivalent security or lien instrument or continuation statement authorized by the Issuer and listing the Issuer as debtor covering all or any part of the Collateral is on file or of record in any jurisdiction, except in respect of Permitted Liens or such as may have been filed, recorded or made by the Issuer or in favor of the Trustee on behalf of the Secured Parties in connection with this Base Indenture, and the Issuer has not authorized any such filing.

 

(c)  All authorizations in this Base Indenture for the Trustee to endorse checks, instruments and securities and to execute financing statements, continuation statements, security agreements and other instruments with respect to the Collateral and to take such other actions with respect to the Collateral authorized by this Base Indenture are powers coupled with an interest and are irrevocable.

 

Section 7.14 Transaction Documents.

 

The Transaction Documents, the Collateral Documents, the Account Agreements, any Swap Contract and any Enhancement Agreement with respect to each Series of Notes are in full force and effect. There are no outstanding defaults thereunder nor have events occurred which, with the giving of notice, the passage of time or both, would constitute a default thereunder.

 

Section 7.15 Non-Existence of Other Agreements.

 

Other than as permitted by Section 8.22 (a) no Securitization Entity is a party to any contract or agreement of any kind or nature and (b) no Securitization Entity is subject to any material obligations or liabilities of any kind or nature in favor of any third party, including, without limitation, Contingent Obligations. No Securitization Entity has engaged in any activities since its formation (other than those incidental to its formation, the authorization and the issuance of any Series of Notes, the execution of the Transaction Documents to which such Securitization Entity is a party and the performance of the activities referred to in or contemplated by such agreements).

 

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Section 7.16 Compliance with Contractual Obligations and Laws.

 

No Securitization Entity is in violation of (a) its Charter Documents, (b) any Requirements of Law with respect to such Securitization Entity or (c) any Contractual Obligation with respect to such Securitization Entity except, solely with respect to clauses (b) and (c), to the extent such violation could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

Section 7.17 Other Representations.

 

All representations and warranties of each Securitization Entity made in each Transaction Document to which it is a party are true and correct (i) if qualified as to materiality, in all respects, and (ii) if not qualified as to materiality, in all material respects (unless stated to relate solely to an earlier date, in which case such representations and warranties were true and correct in all respects or in all material respects, as applicable, as of such earlier date), and are repeated herein as though fully set forth herein.

 

Section 7.18 No Employees.

 

Notwithstanding any other provision of the Indenture or any Charter Documents of any Securitization Entity to the contrary, no Securitization Entity, has any employees.

 

Section 7.19 Reserved.

 

Section 7.20 Environmental Matters; Real Property.

 

(a)  None of the Securitization Entities is subject to any liabilities or obligations pursuant to any Environmental Law or with respect to any Materials of Environmental Concern that could, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(b)  Other than exceptions to any of the following that could not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect:

 

(i)  The Securitization Entities: (i) are, and within the period of all applicable statutes of limitation have been, in compliance with all applicable Environmental Laws, (ii) hold all Environmental Permits (each of which is in full force and effect) required for any of their current or intended operations or for any property owned, leased, or otherwise operated by any of them and have obtained all Environmental Permits for any intended operations when such Environmental Permits are required and (iii) are, and within the period of all applicable statutes of limitation have been, in compliance with all of their Environmental Permits.

 

(ii)  Materials of Environmental Concern are not present at, on, under, in, or about any Real Estate Assets now or formerly owned, leased or operated by any Securitization Entity, or at any other location (including, without limitation, any location to which Materials of Environmental Concern have been sent for re-use or recycling or for treatment, storage or disposal) which could reasonably be expected to (i) give rise to liability of any Securitization Entity under any applicable Environmental Law or otherwise result in costs to any Securitization Entity, (ii) interfere with any Securitization Entity’s continued operations or (iii) impair the fair saleable value of any real property owned by any Securitization Entity.

 

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(iii)  There is no judicial, administrative, or arbitral proceeding (including, without limitation, any notice of violation or alleged violation) under or relating to any Environmental Law to which any Securitization Entity is, or to the knowledge of the Securitization Entities will be, named as a party that is pending or, to the knowledge of the Securitization Entities, threatened in writing.

 

(iv)  No Securitization Entity has received any written request for information, or been notified that it is a potentially responsible party under or relating to the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, as amended, or any other Environmental Law, or with respect to any Materials of Environmental Concern.

 

(v)  No Securitization Entity has entered into or agreed to any consent decree, order, or settlement or other agreement, or is subject to any judgment, decree, or order or other agreement, in any judicial, administrative, arbitral, or other forum for dispute resolution, relating to compliance with or liability under any Environmental Law.

 

Section 7.21 Intellectual Property.

 

(a)  All of the registrations and applications included in the Securitization IP are subsisting, unexpired and have not been abandoned in any applicable jurisdiction except where such expiration or abandonment could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(b)  Except as set forth on Schedule 7.21, (i) the use of the Securitization IP and the operation of the FAT Brands Systems do not infringe, misappropriate or otherwise violate the rights of any third party in a manner that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, (ii) there is no action or proceeding pending or, to the Issuer’s knowledge, threatened in writing, alleging the same that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, and (iii) to the Issuer’s knowledge, the Securitization IP is not being infringed, misappropriated or otherwise violated by any third party in a manner that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(c)  Except as set forth on Schedule 7.21, no action or proceeding is pending or, to the Issuer’s knowledge, threatened in writing, that seeks to limit, cancel or challenge the validity of any Securitization IP, or the use thereof, that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(d)  Each Franchise Entity is the exclusive owner of the Securitization IP related to the business operated or intended to be operated under the applicable Brand, in each case, other than IP licenses granted in the ordinary course of business, free and clear of all Liens, other than Permitted Liens.

 

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(e)  The Issuer has not made and will not hereafter make and has not caused or permitted and will not cause or permit any Franchise Entity to make, any assignment, pledge, mortgage, hypothecation or transfer of any of the Securitization IP other than Permitted Liens and Permitted Asset Dispositions under Section 8.12 and Section 8.16.

 

Section 7.22 Exchange Act

 

Payments on the Notes will not depend primarily on cash flow from self-liquidating financial assets within the meaning of Section 3(a)(79) of the Exchange Act.

 

Article VIII

 
COVENANTS

 

Section 8.1 Payment of Notes.

 

(a)  The Issuer shall pay or cause to be paid the principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, subject to Section 2.15(d), on the Notes when due pursuant to the provisions of this Base Indenture and any applicable Series Supplement. Principal, premium, if any, and interest shall be considered paid on the date due if the Paying Agent holds on that date money designated for and sufficient to pay all principal, premium, if any, and interest then due. Except as otherwise provided pursuant to any Transaction Document, amounts properly withheld under the Code or any Requirements of Law by any Person from a payment to any Noteholder of interest or principal or premium, if any, shall be considered as having been paid by the Issuer to such Noteholder for all purposes of the Indenture and the Notes.

 

(b)  By acceptance of its Notes, each Noteholder agrees that the failure to provide the Paying Agent with appropriate Tax Information (which includes (i) an Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) Form W-9 for United States persons (as defined under Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code) or any applicable successor form or (ii) an applicable IRS Form W-8, for Persons other than United States persons, or applicable successor form) may result in amounts being withheld from payments to such Noteholder under this Base Indenture and any Series Supplement (without any corresponding gross-up) and that amounts withheld pursuant to applicable laws shall be considered as having been paid by the Issuer as provided in clause (a) above.

 

Section 8.2 Maintenance of Office or Agency.

 

(a)  The Issuer will maintain an office or agency (which, with respect to the surrender for registration of, or transfer or exchange or the payment of principal and premium, may be an office of the Trustee, the Note Registrar or Paying Agent) where Notes may be surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange, notices may be served, and where, at any time when the Issuer is obligated to make a payment of principal of, and premium, if any, on the Notes, the Notes may be surrendered for payment. The Issuer will give prompt written notice to the Trustee and the Control Party of the location, and any change in the location, of such office or agency. If at any time the Issuer shall fail to maintain any such required office or agency or shall fail to furnish the Trustee and the Control Party with the address thereof, such presentations and surrenders may be made or served at the Corporate Trust Office and notices and demands may be made at the address set forth in Section 14.1 hereof.

 

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(b)  The Issuer may also from time to time designate one or more other offices or agencies where the Notes may be presented or surrendered for any or all such purposes and may from time to time rescind such designations. The Issuer will give prompt written notice to the Trustee and the Control Party of any such designation or rescission and of any change in the location of any such other office or agency. The Issuer hereby designates the applicable Corporate Trust Office as one such office or agency of the Issuer.

 

Section 8.3 Payment and Performance of Obligations.

 

The Issuer will, and will cause the other Securitization Entities to, pay and discharge and fully perform, at or before maturity, all of their respective material obligations and liabilities, including, without limitation, Tax liabilities and other governmental claims levied or imposed upon the Securitization Entity or upon the income, properties or operations of any Securitization Entity, judgments, settlement agreements and all obligations of each Securitization Entity under the Collateral Documents, except where the same may be contested in good faith by appropriate action (and without derogation from the material obligations of the Issuer hereunder regarding the protection of the Collateral from Liens (other than Permitted Liens)), and will maintain, in accordance with GAAP, reserves as appropriate for the accrual of any of the same.

 

Section 8.4 Maintenance of Existence.

 

The Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to, maintain its existence as a limited liability company or corporation validly existing and in good standing under the laws of its state of organization and duly qualified as a foreign limited liability company or corporation licensed under the laws of each state in which the failure to so qualify would be reasonably likely to result in a Material Adverse Effect. The Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity (other than any Additional Franchise Entity that is a corporation) to, be treated as a disregarded entity within the meaning of Treasury Regulation Section 301.7701-2(c)(2) and the Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity (other than any Additional Franchise Entity that is a corporation) to, be classified as a corporation or as an association taxable as a corporation or a publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation for United States federal income tax purposes.

 

Section 8.5 Compliance with Laws.

 

The Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to, comply in all respects with all Requirements of Law with respect to the Issuer or such other Securitization Entity except where such noncompliance would not be reasonably likely to result in a Material Adverse Effect; provided, however, such non-compliance will not result in a Lien (other than a Permitted Lien) on any of the Collateral or any criminal liability on the part of any Securitization Entity, the Manager or the Trustee.

 

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Section 8.6 Inspection of Property; Books and Records.

 

The Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to, keep books of record and account to enable the preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP. Subject to the Disclosure Exceptions and to reasonable requirements of confidentiality, including requirements imposed by law or by contract, the Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to, permit, at reasonable times upon reasonable notice, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative and the Trustee or any Person appointed by any of them to act as its agent to visit and inspect any of its properties, to examine and make abstracts from any of its books and records and to discuss its affairs, finances and accounts with its officers, directors, managers, employees and independent certified public accountants (so long as the Issuer has the opportunity to participate in any such discussions with the accountants), and up to one (1) such visit and inspection by the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative, the Trustee, or any Person appointed by the Control Party, shall be reimbursable as a Securitization Operating Expense per calendar year, with any additional visit or inspection being at such Person’s sole cost and expense; provided, however, that during the continuance of any event that causes a Cash Flow Sweeping Period to begin and that has occurred and continued for at least two consecutive Quarterly Calculation Dates, a Rapid Amortization Event or an Event of Default, or to the extent expressly required without the instruction of any other party under the terms of any Transaction Documents, any such of such Persons may visit and conduct such activities at any time and all such visits and activities shall constitute a Securitization Operating Expense.

 

Section 8.7 Actions under the Collateral Documents and Transaction Documents.

 

(a)  Except as otherwise provided in Section 8.7(d), the Issuer will not, nor will it permit any Securitization Entity to, take any action that would permit any FAT Brands Entity or any other Person party to a Transaction Document to have the right to refuse to perform any of its respective obligations under any of the Transaction Documents or that would result in the amendment, waiver, hypothecation, subordination, termination or discharge of, or impair the validity or effectiveness of, any Transaction Document.

 

(b)  Except as otherwise provided in Section 3.2(a) or Section 8.7(d), the Issuer will not, nor will it permit any Securitization Entity to, take any action that would permit any other Person party to a Franchise Document to have the right to refuse to perform any of its respective obligations under such Franchise Document or that would result in the amendment, waiver, hypothecation, subordination, termination or discharge of, or impair the validity or effectiveness of, such Franchise Document if such action when taken on behalf of any Securitization Entity by the Manager would constitute a breach by the Manager of the Management Agreement.

 

(c)  Except as otherwise provided in Section 3.2(a), the Issuer agrees that it will not, and will cause each Securitization Entity not to, exercise any right, remedy, power or privilege available to it with respect to any obligor under a Collateral Document or under any instrument or agreement included in the Collateral, take any action to compel or secure performance or observance by any such obligor of its obligations to the Issuer or such other Securitization Entity or give any consent, request, notice, direction or approval with respect to any such obligor if such action when taken on behalf of any Securitization Entity by the Manager would constitute a breach by the Manager of the Management Agreement.

 

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(d)  The Issuer agrees that it will not, and will cause each Securitization Entity not to, without the prior written consent of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), amend, modify, waive, supplement, terminate or surrender, or agree to any amendment, modification, waiver, supplement, termination or surrender of, the terms of any of the Transaction Documents (other than the Transaction Documents, which may be amended in accordance with Article XIII hereof); provided, however, that the Securitization Entities may agree to any amendment, modification, supplement or waiver of any such term of such Transaction Document without any such consent (and if the Trustee or the Control Party is a party to such Transaction Document and in such capacity is required to consent or agree to any such amendment, modification, supplement or waiver, such consent or agreement shall not be subject to the satisfaction of any condition or requirement other than as specified under such Transaction Document):

 

(i)  to add to the covenants of any Securitization Entity for the benefit of the Secured Parties, or to add to the covenants of any FAT Brands Entity for the benefit of any Securitization Entity;

 

(ii)  to terminate any such Transaction Document if any party thereto (other than a Securitization Entity) becomes, in the reasonable judgment of the Issuer, unable to pay its debts as they become due, even if such party has not yet defaulted on its obligations under such Transaction Document, so long as the Issuer enters into a replacement agreement with a new party within ninety (90) days of the termination of such Transaction Document;

 

(iii)  to make such other provisions in regard to matters or questions arising under such Transaction Documents as the parties thereto may deem necessary or desirable, which are not inconsistent with the provisions thereof and which shall not materially and adversely affect the interests of any Noteholder, any Note Owner or any other Secured Party; provided that an Opinion of Counsel and an Officer’s Certificate shall be delivered to the Trustee, the Rating Agencies and the Control Party to such effect;

 

(iv)  to amend the definition of “Monthly Management Fee” pursuant to Section 8.3(a) of the Management Agreement with the consent of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) and the Manager, which consent shall not be subject to the satisfaction of any other condition to an amendment hereunder; or

 

(v)  in connection with a Series Refinancing Event.

 

(e)  Upon the occurrence of a Manager Termination Event under the Management Agreement, (i) the Issuer will not, and will cause each other Securitization Entity not to, without the prior written consent of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), terminate the Manager and appoint any successor Manager in accordance with the Management Agreement and (ii) the Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to, terminate the Manager and appoint one or more successor Managers in accordance with the Management Agreement if and when so directed by the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative).

 

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Section 8.8 Notice of Defaults and Other Events.

 

Promptly (and in any event within three (3) Business Days) upon becoming aware of (i) any Potential Rapid Amortization Event, (ii) any Rapid Amortization Event, (iii) any Potential Manager Termination Event, (iv) any Manager Termination Event, (v) any Default, (vi) any Event of Default or (vii) any default under any Collateral Document, the Issuer shall give the Trustee, the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Controlling Class Representative and the Rating Agencies with respect to each Series of Notes Outstanding notice thereof, together with an Officer’s Certificate setting forth the details thereof and any action with respect thereto taken or contemplated to be taken by the Issuer. Subject to the Disclosure Exceptions, the Issuer shall, at its expense, promptly provide to the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Controlling Class Representative and the Trustee such additional information as the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Controlling Class Representative or the Trustee may reasonably request from time to time in connection with the matters so reported, and the actions so taken or contemplated to be taken.

 

Section 8.9 Notice of Material Proceedings.

 

Without limiting Section 8.30 or Section 8.25(b), promptly (and in any event within five (5) Business Days) upon the determination by either the chief financial officer or the chief legal officer of FAT Brands that the commencement or existence of any litigation, arbitration or other proceeding with respect to any FAT Brands Entity would be reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect, the Issuer shall give written notice thereof to the Trustee, the Control Party, the Manager and the Rating Agencies.

 

Section 8.10 Further Requests.

 

Subject to the Disclosure Exceptions, the Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to, promptly furnish to the Trustee such other information as, and in such form as, the Trustee may reasonably request in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby or by any Series Supplement. Notwithstanding anything in this Base Indenture or any other Transaction Document to the contrary, in no event shall the Issuer, any other Securitization Entity or any Non-Securitization Entity be required to disclose or discuss, or permit the inspection, examination or making of extracts of, any records, books, information or account or other matter (a) in respect of which disclosure to the Trustee, the Control Party, any Noteholder or any other Person is then prohibited by applicable law or any agreement binding on any FAT Brands Entity, (b) that is protected from disclosure by the attorney-client privilege or the attorney work product privilege, or (c) that constitutes trade secrets or other proprietary information (including, without limitation, know how, ideas, techniques, recipes, formulas, customer lists, customer information, financial information, business methods and processes, marketing plans, specifications, and other similar information as well as internal materials prepared by the owner of such information containing or based, in whole or in part, on any such information) that is confidential to its owner other than such information as is explicitly required to be disclosed by this Indenture or a Series Supplement (the “Disclosure Exceptions”).

 

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Section 8.11 Further Assurances.

 

(a)  The Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to, do such further acts and things, and execute and deliver to the Trustee and the Control Party such additional assignments, agreements, powers and instruments, as are necessary or desirable to obtain or maintain the security interest of the Trustee in the Collateral on behalf of the Secured Parties as a perfected security interest subject to no prior Liens (other than Permitted Liens), to carry into effect the purposes of the Indenture or the other Transaction Documents or to better assure and confirm unto the Trustee, the Control Party, the Noteholders or the other Secured Parties their rights, powers and remedies hereunder including, without limitation, the filing of any financing or continuation statements or amendments under the UCC in effect in any jurisdiction with respect to the liens and security interests granted hereby, except as set forth on Schedule 8.11. The Issuer intends the security interests granted pursuant to the Indenture in favor of the Secured Parties to be prior to all other Liens (other than Permitted Liens) in respect of the Collateral, and the Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to, take all actions necessary to obtain and maintain, in favor of the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties, a first lien on and a first priority perfected security interest in the Collateral (except with respect to Permitted Liens and except as set forth on Schedule 8.11 and subject to Section 8.25). If the Issuer fails to perform any of its agreements or obligations under this Section 8.11(a), then the Control Party may (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) perform such agreement or obligation, and the expenses of the Control Party incurred in connection therewith shall be payable by the Issuer upon the Control Party’s demand therefor. The Control Party is hereby authorized to execute and file any financing statements, continuation statements, amendments or other instruments necessary or appropriate to perfect or maintain the perfection of the Trustee’s security interest in the Collateral.

 

(b)  If any debt with an outstanding principal amount of greater than $100,000 individually shall be or become evidenced by any promissory note, chattel paper or other instrument and such note, chattel paper or instrument constitutes Collateral, such note, chattel paper or instrument shall be deemed to be held in trust and immediately pledged in favor of the Trustee, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, and within ten (10) Business Days physically delivered to the Trustee hereunder, and shall, subject to the rights of any Person in whose favor a prior Lien has been perfected, be duly endorsed in a manner satisfactory to the Trustee.

 

(c)  Reserved.

 

(d)  If during any Quarterly Collection Period, the Issuer shall obtain an interest in any commercial tort claim or claims (as such term is defined in the New York UCC) and such commercial tort claim or claims (when added to any past commercial tort claim or claims that were obtained by any Securitization Entity prior to such Quarterly Collection Period that are still outstanding) have an aggregate value equal to or greater than $5,000,000 as of the last day of such Quarterly Collection Period, the Issuer shall notify the Control Party on or before the third Business Day prior to the next succeeding Quarterly Payment Date that it has obtained such an interest and shall sign and deliver documentation acceptable to the Control Party granting a security interest under the Base Indenture, as the case may be, in and to such commercial tort claim or claims whether obtained during such Quarterly Collection Period or prior to such Quarterly Collection Period.

 

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(e)  The Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to, warrant and defend the Trustee’s right, title and interest in and to the Collateral and the income, distributions and Proceeds thereof, for the benefit of the Trustee on behalf of the Secured Parties, against the claims and demands of all Persons whomsoever.

 

(f)  On or before the time when the Manager, acting on behalf of the Securitization Entities, is required to provide annual financials pursuant to Section 4.1(g)(ii) with respect to the preceding fiscal year, the Issuer shall furnish to the Trustee, the Rating Agencies and the Control Party an Opinion of Counsel (i) stating substantially to the effect that, in the opinion of such counsel, such action has been taken with respect to the recording, filing, re-recording and refiling of this Base Indenture, any indentures supplemental hereto and all financing statements, continuation statements and amendments to financing statements and such other documents as are, subject to clause (c) above, necessary to maintain the perfection of the Lien and security interest created by this Base Indenture under Article 9 of the New York UCC in the United States and reciting the details of such action or referencing to prior Opinions of Counsel in which such details are given; or (ii) to the effect that, in the opinion of such counsel, no such action is necessary to maintain the perfection of such Lien and security interest; provided that with respect to financing statements, the foregoing shall apply solely to financing statements naming a Securitization Entity as debtor and the Trustee as secured party (or any continuations thereof); provided further, that the Trustee shall not be required to determine the sufficiency of any such opinion.

 

Section 8.12 Liens.

 

The Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, create, incur, assume or permit to exist any Lien upon any of its property (including the Collateral), other than (i) Liens in favor of the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties and (ii) other Permitted Liens.

 

Section 8.13 Other Indebtedness.

 

The Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, create, assume, incur, suffer to exist or otherwise become or remain liable in respect of any Indebtedness other than (i) Indebtedness hereunder or any other Transaction Document, (ii) any guarantee by any Securitization Entity of the obligations of any other Securitization Entity, (iii) Indebtedness of a Securitization Entity owed to a Securitization Entity, or (iv) any purchase money Indebtedness incurred in order to finance the acquisition, lease or improvement of assets or property in the ordinary course of business.

 

Section 8.14 Employee Benefit Plans.

 

No Securitization Entity or any member of a Controlled Group that includes a Securitization Entity shall establish, sponsor, maintain, contribute to, incur any obligation to contribute to, or incur any liability in respect of, any Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan to the extent the liabilities under such Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan would individually or in the aggregate reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. No Securitization Entity shall incur any material liability with respect to any post-retirement welfare benefits under a Welfare Plan, other than liability for continuation coverage described in Part 6 of Subtitle B of Title I of ERISA or other applicable continuation of coverage laws.

 

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Section 8.15 Mergers.

 

On and after the Closing Date, the Issuer will not, and will not permit any other Securitization Entity to, merge or consolidate with or into any other Person or divide into two or more Persons (whether by means of a single transaction or a series of related transactions) other than any merger or consolidation of any Securitization Entity with any other Securitization Entity or any division in which each resulting Person will be a Securitization Entity or any merger or consolidation of any Securitization Entity with any other entity or any division of any Securitization Entity to which the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) has given prior written consent.

 

Section 8.16 Asset Dispositions.

 

The Issuer shall not, and shall not permit any other Securitization Entity to, direct the Manager to sell, transfer, lease, license, liquidate or otherwise dispose of any of its property (whether by means of a single transaction or a series of related transactions), including any Equity Interests of any other Securitization Entity, except in the case of the following (each, a “Permitted Asset Disposition”):

 

(a)  any disposition of obsolete, damaged, surplus or worn out property, and any abandonment, cancellation, or lapse of IP registrations or applications that are no longer commercially reasonable to maintain;

 

(b)  any disposition of (i) Eligible Investments and (ii) inventory in the ordinary course of business;

 

(c)  any disposition of equipment or real property to the extent that (x) such property is exchanged for credit against the purchase price or other payment obligations in respect of similar replacement property or other Eligible Assets (including, without limitation, credit against rental obligations under a real estate lease) or (y) the proceeds thereof are applied to the purchase price of such replacement property or other Eligible Assets in accordance with this Base Indenture;

 

(d)  (i) licenses to the Manager, in connection with the performance of its Services under the Management Agreement and (ii) other non-exclusive licenses of Securitization IP (A) granted in the ordinary course of business, (B) that when effected on behalf of any Securitization Entity by the Manager would not constitute a breach by the Manager of the Management Agreement acting in accordance with the Managing Standard and (C) that would not reasonably be expected to materially and adversely impact the Securitization IP (taken as a whole);

 

(e)  dispositions of property of a Securitization Entity to any other Securitization Entity not otherwise prohibited under the Transaction Documents;

 

(f)  Investments, Liens and distributions permitted under the Indenture;

 

(g)  any other sale, lease, license, transfer or other disposition of property, including, without limitation, the equity in or all or substantially all of the assets of a Franchise Entity, to which the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) has given the relevant Securitization Entity prior written consent;

 

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(h)  any decision to abandon, fail to pursue, settle, or otherwise resolve any claim or cause of action to enforce or seek remedy for the infringement, misappropriation, dilution or other violation of any Securitization IP, or other remedy against any third party, in each such case, where it is not commercially reasonable to pursue such claim or remedy in light of the cost, potential remedy, or other factors; provided that such action (or failure to act) would not reasonably be expected to materially and adversely impact the Securitization IP (taken as a whole);

 

(i)  any surrender or waiver of contractual rights or the settlement, release or surrender of contractual rights or other litigation claims in the ordinary course of business, in each case that would not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; and

 

(j)  any other sale, lease, license, liquidation, transfer or other disposition of property not directly or indirectly constituting any asset dispositions permitted by clauses (a) through (g) above and so long as such disposition when effected on behalf of any Securitization Entity by the Manager does not constitute a breach by the Manager of the Management Agreement and does not exceed an aggregate amount of $1,000,000 per annum.

 

Upon any sale, transfer, lease, license, liquidation or other disposition of any property by any Securitization Entity permitted by this Section 8.16, all Liens with respect to such property created in favor of the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties under this Base Indenture and the other Transaction Documents shall be automatically released, and the Trustee, upon written request of the Issuer, at the direction of the Control Party, shall provide evidence of such release as set forth in Section 14.17.

 

Section 8.17 Acquisition of Assets.

 

The Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, acquire, by long-term or operating lease or otherwise, any property if such acquisition when effected on behalf of any Securitization Entity by the Manager would constitute a breach by the Manager of the Management Agreement.

 

Section 8.18 Dividends, Officers’ Compensation, etc.

 

Except as described in the 2020-1 Series Supplement dated as of the date hereof, the Issuer will not declare or pay any distributions on any of its limited liability company interests; provided, however, that so long as no Potential Rapid Amortization Event, Rapid Amortization Event, Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing with respect to any Series of Notes Outstanding or would result therefrom, the Issuer may declare and pay distributions to the extent permitted under Section 18-607 of the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act and the Issuer’s Charter Documents.

 

Without limiting Section 8.28, the Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, pay any wages or salaries or other compensation to its officers, directors, managers or other agents except out of earnings computed in accordance with GAAP or except for the fees paid to its Independent Managers. The Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, redeem, purchase, retire or otherwise acquire for value any Equity Interest in or issued by such Securitization Entity or set aside or otherwise segregate any amounts for any such purpose except as expressly permitted by the Indenture or as consented to by the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative).

 

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Section 8.19 Legal Name, Location Under Section 9-301 or 9-307.

 

The Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, change its location (within the meaning of Section 9-301 or 9-307 of the applicable UCC) or its legal name without at least thirty (30) days’ prior written notice to the Trustee, the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager and the Rating Agencies with respect to each Series of Notes Outstanding. In the event that the Issuer or other Securitization Entity desires to so change its location or change its legal name, the Issuer will, or will cause such other Securitization Entity to, make any required filings and prior to actually changing its location or its legal name the Issuer will, or will cause such other Securitization Entity to, deliver to the Trustee and the Control Party (i) an Officer’s Certificate and Opinion of Counsel stating substantially to the effect that all required filings have been made to continue the perfected interest of the Trustee on behalf of the Secured Parties in the Collateral under Article 9 of the applicable UCC in respect of the new location or new legal name of the Issuer or other Securitization Entity and (ii) copies of all such required filings with the filing information duly noted thereon by the office in which such filings were made.

 

Section 8.20 Charter Documents.

 

The Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, amend, or consent to the amendment of, any of its Charter Documents to which it is a party as a member or shareholder unless, prior to such amendment, the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) shall have consented thereto and the Rating Agency Condition with respect to each Series of Notes Outstanding shall have been satisfied with respect to such amendment; provided, however, the Issuer and the other Securitization Entities shall be permitted to amend their Charter Documents without having to meet the Rating Agency Condition to cure any ambiguity, defect or inconsistency therein or if such amendments could not reasonably be deemed to be disadvantageous to any Noteholder in the reasonable judgment of the Control Party. The Control Party may rely on an Officer’s Certificate of the Issuer to seek discretion from the Controlling Class Representative to make such determination. The Issuer shall provide written notice to each Rating Agency (with a copy to the Control Party) of any amendment of any Charter Document of any Securitization Entity.

 

Section 8.21 Investments.

 

The Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, make, incur, or suffer to exist any loan, advance, extension of credit or other investment in any Person if such investment when made on behalf of any Securitization Entity by the Manager would constitute a breach by the Manager of the Management Agreement, other than investments in (i) the Accounts and Eligible Investments, (ii) any Franchisee promissory notes, (iii) any other Securitization Entity.

 

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Section 8.22 No Other Agreements.

 

The Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, enter into or be a party to any agreement or instrument (other than any Transaction Document, any Franchise Document, any other document permitted by a Series Supplement or the Transaction Documents, as the same may be amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, any documents related to any Enhancement (subject to Section 8.32) or any documents or agreements incidental thereto) if such agreement when effected on behalf of any Securitization Entity by the Manager would constitute a breach by the Manager of the Management Agreement.

 

Section 8.23 Other Business.

 

The Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, engage in any business or enterprise or enter into any transaction other than the incurrence and payment of ordinary course operating expenses, the issuing and selling of the Notes and other activities related to or incidental to any of the foregoing or any other transaction which when effected on behalf of any Securitization Entity by the Manager would not constitute a breach by the Manager of the Management Agreement.

 

Section 8.24 Maintenance of Separate Existence.

 

(a)  The Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to:

 

(i)  maintain their own deposit and securities account, as applicable, or accounts, separate from those of any of its Affiliates (other than the other Securitization Entities), with commercial banking institutions and ensure that the funds of the Securitization Entities will not be diverted to any Person who is not a Securitization Entity or for other than the use of the Securitization Entities, nor will such funds be commingled with the funds of any of its Affiliates (other than the other Securitization Entities) other than as provided in the Transaction Documents;

 

(ii)  ensure that all transactions between it and any of its Affiliates (other than the other Securitization Entities), whether currently existing or hereafter entered into, shall be only on an arm’s length basis, it being understood and agreed that the transactions contemplated in the Transaction Documents meet the requirements of this clause (ii);

 

(iii)  to the extent that any Securitization Entity and any of its Affiliates (other than the other Securitization Entities) have offices in the same location, fairly and appropriately allocate overhead costs among them, and each such entity shall bear its fair share of such expenses;

 

(iv)  (A) issue separate financial statements from any of its Affiliates (other than the other Securitization Entities) prepared at least quarterly and prepared in accordance with GAAP and (B) file its own tax returns, if any, as may be required under applicable law, to the extent not part of a consolidated group filing a consolidated return or returns and not treated as a division or a disregarded entity for tax purposes of another taxpayer, and pay any U.S. federal and material state and local taxes required to be paid by it under applicable law, except as otherwise expressly provided in the Transaction Documents;

 

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(v)  (A) conduct its affairs in its own name and in accordance with its Charter Documents and observe all necessary, appropriate and customary limited liability company or corporate formalities (as applicable), including, but not limited to, holding all regular and special meetings appropriate to authorize all of its actions, keeping separate and accurate minutes of its meetings, passing all resolutions or consents necessary to authorize actions taken or to be taken, and maintaining accurate and separate books, records and accounts, including, but not limited to, payroll and intercompany transaction accounts, (B) hold all of the its assets in its own name and in such a manner that it will not be costly or difficult to segregate, ascertain or identify its assets from those of any other Affiliate or any other Person and (C) be, and at all times hold itself out to the public as, a legal entity separate and distinct from any other Person and, to the extent known by it, correct any misunderstanding regarding its separate identity;

 

(vi)  (A) not assume or guarantee any of the liabilities of any other Person, become obligated for the debts of any other Person or hold out its credit as being available to pay the obligations of any other Person (other than the other Securitization Entities), (B) remain solvent and pay its debts and liabilities from its assets as the same become due, and (C) except as arising under or expressly permitted by the Transaction Documents, not incur, create or assume any Indebtedness and not make any loans or advances to, or pledge its assets for the benefit of, any other Person or entity;

 

(vii)  take, or refrain from taking, as the case may be, all other actions that are necessary to be taken or not to be taken in order to (A) ensure that the assumptions and factual recitations set forth in the Specified Bankruptcy Opinion Provisions remain true and correct in all material respects with respect to it and (B) comply in all material respects with those procedures described in such provisions which are applicable to it;

 

(viii)  maintain at least one Independent Manager or Independent Director, as applicable, on its board of managers or its board of directors, as the case may be;

 

(ix)  to the fullest extent permitted by law, so long as any Obligation remains outstanding, remove any Independent Manager or Independent Director only for Cause and only after providing the Trustee and the Control Party with no less than five (5) days’ prior written notice of (A) any proposed removal of such Independent Manager or Independent Director, as applicable, and (B) the identity of the proposed replacement Independent Manager or Independent Director, as applicable, together with a certification that such replacement satisfies the requirements for an Independent Manager or an Independent Director set forth in the Charter Documents of the applicable Securitization Entity; and

 

(x)  (A) provide, or cause the Manager to provide, to the Trustee and the Control Party, a copy of the executed agreement with respect to the appointment of any replacement Independent Director or Independent Manager, as the case may be, and (B) provide, or cause the Manager to provide, to the Trustee and the Control Party, written notice of the identity and contact information for each Independent Director or Independent Manager, as applicable, on an annual basis and at any time such information changes.

 

(b)  The Issuer, on behalf of itself and each of the other Securitization Entities, confirms that the statements relating to the Issuer and/or any other Securitization Entity referenced in the opinion of Foley & Lardner LLP regarding substantive consolidation matters delivered to the Trustee on the most recent Series Closing Date are true and correct with respect to itself and each other Securitization Entity, and that the Issuer will, and will cause each other Securitization Entity to, comply with any covenants or obligations assumed to be complied with by it therein as if such covenants and obligations were set forth herein.

 

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Section 8.25 Covenants Regarding the Securitization IP.

 

(a)  The Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, take or omit to take any action with respect to the maintenance, enforcement and defense of any Franchise Entity’s rights in and to the Securitization IP that would constitute a breach by the Manager of the Management Agreement if such action were taken or omitted by the Manager on behalf of any Securitization Entity.

 

(b)  The Issuer will notify the Trustee, the Back-Up Manager and the Control Party in writing within ten (10) Business Days of the Issuer’s first knowing or having reason to know that any application or registration relating to any material Securitization IP (now or hereafter existing) may become abandoned or dedicated to the public domain, or of any material adverse determination or development (including the institution of, or any such determination or development in, any proceeding in the PTO, the United States Copyright Office, similar offices or agencies in any foreign countries in which the Securitization IP is located, or any court, but excluding office actions in the course of prosecution and any non-final determinations (other than in an adversarial proceeding) of the PTO or any similar office or agency in any such foreign country) regarding the validity or any Securitization Entity’s ownership of any material Securitization IP, its right to register the same, or to keep and maintain the same.

 

(c)  In the event that any material Securitization IP is infringed upon, misappropriated or diluted by a third party in a manner that would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, the Issuer and the Manager upon becoming aware of such infringement, misappropriation or dilution shall promptly notify the Trustee and the Control Party in writing. The Issuer, or the Manager on behalf of the Issuer, shall cause the applicable Franchise Entity to take all reasonable and appropriate actions, at its expense, to protect or enforce such Securitization IP, including, if reasonable, suing for infringement, misappropriation or dilution and seeking an injunction (including, if appropriate, temporary and/or preliminary injunctive relief) against such infringement, misappropriation or dilution, unless the failure to take such actions on behalf of the applicable Franchise Entity by the Manager would not constitute a breach by the Manager of the Management Agreement; provided that if the applicable Franchise Entity decides not to take any action with respect to an infringement, misappropriation or dilution that would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, the Issuer shall deliver written notice to the Trustee, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager and the Control Party setting forth in reasonable detail the basis for its decision not to act, and none of the Manager, the Trustee, the Back-Up Manager or the Control Party will be required to take any actions on its behalf to protect or enforce the Securitization IP against such infringement, misappropriation or dilution; provided, further, that the Manager will be required to act if failure to do so would constitute a breach of the Managing Standard.

 

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(d)  With respect to licenses of third-party Intellectual Property entered into after the Closing Date by the Securitization Entities (including, for the avoidance of doubt, to the Manager acting on behalf of the Securitization Entities, as applicable), the Securitization Entities (or the Manager on their behalf) shall use commercially reasonable efforts to include terms permitting the grant by the Securitization Entities of a security interest therein to the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties and to allow the Manager (and any Successor Manager) the right to use such Intellectual Property in the performance of its duties under the Management Agreement.

 

Section 8.26 Investment Company Act.

 

The Issuer shall take or omit to take action as necessary in order for the Issuer to remain excluded from the definition of “investment company” set forth in section 3(a)(1)(C) of the 1940 Act, as such section may be amended from time to time.

 

Section 8.27 [Reserved]

 

Section 8.28 No Employees.

 

The Issuer and the other Securitization Entities shall have no employees.

 

Section 8.29 Insurance.

 

The Issuer shall cause the Manager to have each Securitization Entity named as an insured or listed as an “additional insured” or “loss payee,” as may apply, on any insurance maintained by the Manager for the benefit of such Securitization Entity pursuant to the Management Agreement.

 

Section 8.30 Litigation.

 

If FAT Brands is not then subject to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the Issuer shall, on each Quarterly Payment Date, provide a written report to the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager and the Rating Agencies that sets forth all outstanding litigation, arbitration or other proceedings against any FAT Brands Entity that would have been required to be disclosed in FAT Brands’ annual reports, quarterly reports and other public filings which FAT Brands would have been required to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act if FAT Brands were subject to such Sections.

 

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Section 8.31 Environmental.

 

The Issuer shall, and shall cause each other Securitization Entity to, promptly notify the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Trustee and the Rating Agencies, in writing, upon receipt of any written notice pursuant to which any Securitization Entity becomes aware from any source (including but not limited to a governmental entity) of any possible material liability of any Securitization Entity pursuant to any Environmental Law that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. In addition, other than exceptions to any of the following that could not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, the Issuer shall, and shall cause each other Securitization Entity to:

 

(a)  (i) comply with all applicable Environmental Laws, (ii) hold all Environmental Permits (each of which is in full force and effect) required for any of their current operations or for any property owned, leased, or otherwise operated by any of them and obtain all Environmental Permits for any intended operations when such Environmental Permits are required and (iii) comply with all of their Environmental Permits; and

 

(b)  undertake all investigative and remedial action required by Environmental Laws with respect to any Materials of Environmental Concern present at, on, under, in, or about any Real Estate Assets owned, leased or operated by the Issuer or any Securitization Entity, or at any other location (including, without limitation, any location to which Materials of Environmental Concern have been sent for re-use or recycling or for treatment, storage or disposal) which could reasonably be expected to (i) give rise to liability of the Issuer or any Securitization Entity under any applicable Environmental Law or otherwise result in costs to the Issuer or any Securitization Entity, (ii) interfere with the Issuer’s or any Securitization Entity’s continued operations or (iii) impair the fair saleable value of any Real Estate Assets owned by the Issuer or any Securitization Entity.

 

Section 8.32 Enhancements.

 

No Enhancement shall be provided in respect of any Series of Notes, nor will any Enhancement Provider have any rights hereunder, as third-party beneficiary or otherwise, unless the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) has provided its prior written consent to such Enhancement, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld.

 

Section 8.33 Derivatives.

 

Without the prior written consent of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), the Issuer will not, nor will it permit any other Securitization Entity to, enter into any derivative contract, swap, option, hedging contract, forward purchase contract or other similar agreement or instrument (other than forward purchase agreements entered into with third-party vendors on behalf of the Securitization Entities in the ordinary course of business), if any such contract, agreement or instrument requires the Issuer to expend any financial resources to satisfy any payment obligations owed in connection therewith; provided that the Issuer shall deliver a copy of any such prior written consent to the Rating Agencies (with a copy to the Control Party).

 

Section 8.34 Additional Franchise Entity.

 

(a)  The Issuer, in accordance with and as permitted under the Transaction Documents, may form or cause to be formed an Additional Franchise Entity without the consent of the Control Party; provided that such Additional Franchise Entity is a Delaware limited liability company or a Delaware corporation (so long as the use of such corporate form is reasonably satisfactory to the Control Party) and has adopted Charter Documents substantially similar to the Charter Documents of the Franchise Entities that are Delaware limited liability companies or Delaware corporations, as applicable, as in existence on the Closing Date; provided, further, that such Franchise Entity holds Franchise Assets or is being established in order to act as a franchisor with respect to future new Franchise Agreements.

 

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(b)  If the Issuer desires to create, incorporate, form or otherwise organize an Additional Franchise Entity that does not comply with the provisos set forth in clause (a) above, the Issuer shall first obtain the prior written consent of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), such consent not to be unreasonably withheld; provided that the Issuer shall deliver a copy of any such prior written consent to the Rating Agencies for each Series of Notes Outstanding (with a copy to the Control Party).

 

Section 8.35 Franchise Entity Distributions.

 

The Issuer shall, and shall cause the Manager to, cause each Franchise Entity to deposit all Franchise Entity Collections into the Concentration Account within one Business Day after receipt as a distribution by such Franchise Entity to the Issuer.

 

Section 8.36 Tax Lien Reserve Amount.

 

Upon receipt of any Tax Lien Reserve Amount by any Securitization Entity, such recipient will distribute such Tax Lien Reserve Amount to the Issuer and the Issuer shall remit such Tax Lien Reserve Amount to the Tax Lien Reserve Account after providing prior written notice to the Trustee of such remittance (including, without limitation, the amount that will be remitted); provided that the Trustee will not release such Tax Lien Reserve Amount from the Tax Lien Reserve Account unless: (a) the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) instructs the Trustee in writing to withdraw and pay all of such Tax Lien Reserve Amount in accordance with the written instructions of the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf) upon receipt by the Trustee, the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager and the Controlling Class Representative of evidence reasonably satisfactory to the Control Party that the Lien for which such Tax Lien Reserve Amount was established has been released by the IRS; (b) the Issuer, or the Manager on behalf of the Issuer, delivers written instructions to the Trustee to withdraw and pay all or a portion of such Tax Lien Reserve Amount to the IRS on behalf of the FAT Brands Entities; provided that the Issuer shall deliver, or cause to be delivered, prior written notice of any such written instruction to the Control Party; or (c) the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) instructs the Trustee in writing to withdraw and pay all or a portion of such Tax Lien Reserve Amount to the IRS (i) upon the occurrence and during the continuation of an Event of Default or (ii) upon receipt of written notice by any Securitization Entity stating that the IRS intends to execute on the Lien for which such Tax Lien Reserve Amount was established in respect of any assets of any Securitization Entity; provided that the Issuer shall deliver a copy of any such written instruction to FAT Brands. Any distributions from the Tax Lien Reserve Account shall be made on the Business Day following receipt by Trustee of instructions set forth in clauses (a), (b) or (c) above, and Trustee shall be entitled to rely on any such instructions delivered to it.

 

Section 8.37 Bankruptcy Proceedings.

 

The Issuer shall, and shall cause each other Securitization Entity to, promptly object to the institution of any bankruptcy proceeding against it and take all necessary or advisable steps to cause the dismissal of any such proceeding (including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, to timely file an answer and any other appropriate pleading objecting to (i) the institution of any proceeding to have any Securitization Entity, as the case may be, adjudicated as bankrupt or Insolvent or (ii) the filing of any petition seeking relief, reorganization, arrangement, adjustment or composition or in respect of any Securitization Entity, as the case may be, under applicable bankruptcy law or any other applicable Requirements of Law).

 

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Article IX

 
REMEDIES

 

Section 9.1 Rapid Amortization Events.

 

The Notes will be subject to rapid amortization in whole and not in part following the occurrence of any of the following events (and any events that may be added in connection with the issuance of any Additional Notes) as declared by the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) by written notice to the Issuer (with a copy to the Manager and the Trustee) (each, a “Rapid Amortization Event”); provided, that a Rapid Amortization Event described in clause (d) will occur automatically without any declaration thereof by the Control Party unless the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) and each Noteholder of the applicable Notes that have not been repaid or refinanced in full on or prior to the applicable Series Anticipated Repayment Date have agreed to waive such event in accordance with Section 9.7:

 

(a)  the failure to maintain a DSCR of at least 1.20x as calculated on any Quarterly Calculation Date;

 

(b)  the occurrence of a Manager Termination Event;

 

(c)  the occurrence of an Event of Default;

 

(d)  the Issuer has not repaid or refinanced any Series of Notes (or Class, Subclass or Tranche thereof) in full on or prior to the Series Anticipated Repayment Date provided for such Series of Notes (or any Class, Subclass or Tranche thereof) in the Series Supplement for such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes; provided, that, the Series Supplement for any Series of Additional Notes (or Class, Subclass or Tranche thereof) may provide that if the DSCR is greater than 2.00x as of such Series Anticipated Repayment Date, and any such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes is repaid or refinanced within one (1) calendar year from its Series Anticipated Repayment Date, such Rapid Amortization Event will no longer be in effect following such repayment or refinancing;

 

(e)  FAT Brands Systemwide Sales as calculated on any Quarterly Calculation Date are less than $250,000,000; provided, that such threshold may be increased or decreased at the request of the Issuer subject to approval by the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) and satisfaction of the Rating Agency Condition;

 

(f)  the FAT Brands Leverage Ratio is greater than 7.50x as calculated on any Quarterly Calculation Date; or

 

(g)  the Senior Leverage Ratio is greater than 7.00x as calculated on any Quarterly Calculation Date.

 

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Section 9.2 Events of Default.

 

If any one of the following events shall occur (each an “Event of Default”):

 

(a)  the Issuer defaults in the payment of interest on any Series of Notes Outstanding when the same becomes due and payable and such default continues for two (2) Business Days (or in the case of a failure to pay such interest when due resulting solely from an administrative error or omission by the Trustee, such failure continues for a period of two (2) Business Days after the Trustee has Actual Knowledge of such administrative error or omission); provided, that failure to pay any interest on any Series of Notes (including, but not limited to, the Post-ARD Additional Interest) other than on the Series Legal Final Maturity Date will not be an Event of Default;

 

(b)  the Issuer (i) defaults in the payment of any principal of any Series of Notes on a Series Legal Final Maturity Date for such Series of Notes or as and when due in connection with any mandatory or optional prepayment or (ii) fails to make any other principal payments due from funds available in the Collection Account in accordance with the Priority of Payments on any Monthly Allocation Date; provided that in the case of a failure to pay principal under either clause (i) or (ii) resulting solely from an administrative error or omission by the Trustee, such failure continues for a period of two (2) Business Days after the Trustee has Actual Knowledge of such administrative error or omission; provided, further, that the failure to pay any prepayment premium on any prepayment of principal made during any Rapid Amortization Period occurring prior to the related Series Anticipated Repayment Date will not be an Event of Default;

 

(c)  any Securitization Entity fails to perform or comply in any material respect with any of the covenants (other than those covered by clause (a) or clause (b) above) (including any covenant to pay any amount other than interest on or principal of the Notes when due in accordance with the Priority of Payments), or any of its representations or warranties contained in any Transaction Document to which it is a party proves to be incorrect in any material respect as of the date made or deemed to be made, and such default, failure or breach continues for a period of thirty (30) consecutive days (or, solely with respect to a failure to comply with (i) any obligation to deliver a notice, financial statement, report or other communication within the specified time frame set forth in the applicable Transaction Document, such failure continues for a period of five (5) consecutive Business Days after the specified time frame for delivery has elapsed or (ii) Sections 8.7, 8.12, 8.13, 8.14, 8.15, 8.17, 8.18, 8.19, 8.20, 8.21, 8.22, 8.23, 8.24, 8.25, 8.26 and 8.28, such failure continues for a period of ten (10) consecutive Business Days), in each case, following the earlier to occur of the Actual Knowledge of such Securitization Entity of such breach or failure and the default caused thereby or written notice to such Securitization Entity by the Trustee, the Back-Up Manager or the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) of such default, breach or failure;

 

(d)  the occurrence of an Event of Bankruptcy with respect to any Securitization Entity;

 

(e)  the Interest-Only DSCR as calculated as of any Quarterly Calculation Date is less than 1.10x;

 

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(f)  the SEC or other regulatory body having jurisdiction reaches a final determination that any Securitization Entity is required to register as an “investment company” under the 1940 Act or is under the “control” of a Person that is required to register as an “investment company” under the 1940 Act;

 

(g)  any of the Transaction Documents or any material portion thereof ceases to be in full force and effect or enforceable in accordance with its terms (other than in accordance with the express termination provisions thereof) or FAT Brands or any Securitization Entity so asserts in writing;

 

(h)  the Trustee ceases to have for any reason a valid and perfected first priority security interest in the Collateral (subject to Permitted Liens) in which perfection can be achieved under the UCC or other applicable Requirements of Law in the United States to the extent required by the Transaction Documents or Issuer or any Affiliate thereof so asserts in writing;

 

(i)  any Securitization Entity fails to perform or comply with any material provision of its organizational documents or any provision of Section 8.24 relating to legal separateness of the Securitization Entities, which failure is reasonably likely to cause the contribution of the Collateral to such Securitization Entity pursuant to the Contribution Agreements to fail to constitute a “true contribution” or other absolute transfer of such Collateral pursuant to such Contribution Agreement or is reasonably likely to cause a court of competent jurisdiction to disregard the separate existence of such Securitization Entity relative to any Person other than another Securitization Entity and, in each case, such failure continues for more than thirty (30) consecutive days following the earlier to occur of the Actual Knowledge of such Securitization Entity or written notice to such Securitization Entity from the Trustee, the Back-Up Manager or the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) of such failure;

 

(j)  a final non-appealable ruling has been made by a court of competent jurisdiction that the contribution of the Collateral (other than any immaterial portion of the Collateral and any Collateral that has been disposed of to the extent permitted or required under the Transaction Documents) pursuant to a Contribution Agreement does not constitute a “true contribution” or other absolute transfer of such Collateral pursuant to such agreement;

 

(k)  an outstanding final non-appealable judgment for an amount exceeding $2,000,000 (when aggregated with the amount of all other outstanding final non-appealable judgments) (to the extent not covered by independent third-party insurance as to which the insurer is rated at least “A” by A.M. Best Company, has been notified of the potential claim and does not dispute coverage) is rendered against any Securitization Entity, and either (i) enforcement proceedings are commenced by any creditor upon such judgment or order or (ii) there is any period of forty-five (45) consecutive days during which such judgment remains unsatisfied or a stay of enforcement of such judgment or order, by reason of a pending appeal or otherwise, will not be in effect;

 

(l)  the failure of (i) FAT Brands to own 100% of the Equity Interests of the Issuer; or (ii) the Issuer to own 100% of the Equity Interests of each Franchise Entity;

 

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(m)  other than as permitted under the Indenture or the other Transaction Documents, the Franchise Entities collectively fail to have good title to any material portion of the Securitization IP or the Issuer shall fail to have good title in or to any material portion of the Collateral;

 

(n)  (i) any Securitization Entity engages in any non-exempt “prohibited transaction” (as defined in Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code) involving any Plan, (ii) any “accumulated funding deficiency” or failure to meet the “minimum funding standard” (as defined in Section 302 of ERISA), whether or not waived, exists with respect to any Pension Plan and is not fully discharged within thirty (30) days thereafter, (iii) any Lien in an amount equal to at least $100,000 in favor of the PBGC or a Pension Plan arises on the assets of any Securitization Entity and is not fully discharged within thirty (30) days thereafter, (iv) a Reportable Event shall occur with respect to, or proceedings commence to have a trustee appointed, or a trustee is appointed, to administer or to terminate, any Single Employer Plan, which Reportable Event or commencement of proceedings or appointment of a trustee is, in the reasonable opinion of the Control Party, likely to result in the termination of such Single Employer Plan for purposes of Title IV of ERISA, (v) any Single Employer Plan terminates for purposes of Title IV of ERISA, (vi) any Securitization Entity incurs, or in the reasonable opinion of the Control Party is likely to incur, any liability in connection with a complete or partial withdrawal from, or the Insolvency, Reorganization or termination of, a Multiemployer Plan or (vii) any other event or condition occurs or exists with respect to a Pension Plan or Employee Benefit Plan; and in each case in clauses (i) through (vii) above, such event or condition, together with all other such events or conditions, if any, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect on any Securitization Entity; or

 

(o)  the IRS files notice of a lien pursuant to Section 6323 of the Code with regard to the assets of any Securitization Entity and such lien has not been released within sixty (60) days, unless (i) FAT Brands or a Subsidiary thereof has provided evidence that payment to satisfy the full amount of the asserted liability has been provided to the IRS, and the IRS has released such asserted lien within sixty (60) days of such payment, or (ii) such lien or the asserted liability is being contested in good faith and FAT Brands has contributed to the Securitization Entities funds in the amount necessary to satisfy the asserted liability (the “Tax Lien Reserve Amount”), which such funds are set aside and remitted to a collateral deposit account as provided in Section 8.36;

 

then (i) in the case of any event described in each clause above (except for clause (d) thereof) that is continuing the Trustee, at the direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) and on behalf of the Noteholders, by written notice to the Issuer (unless no written notice is required under this Indenture), will accelerate and declare the Outstanding Principal Amount of all Series of Notes Outstanding to be immediately due and payable, and upon any such declaration, such Outstanding Principal Amount, together with accrued and unpaid interest thereon through the date of acceleration, and all other amounts due to the Noteholders and the other Secured Parties under the Transaction Documents shall become immediately due and payable or (ii) in the case of any event described in clause (d) above that has occurred and is continuing, the Outstanding Principal Amount of all Series of Notes Outstanding, together with interest accrued but unpaid thereon through the date of acceleration, and all other amounts due to the Noteholders and the other Secured Parties under the Indenture, shall immediately and without further act accelerate and become due and payable.

 

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If any Securitization Entity obtains Actual Knowledge that a Default or an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, such Securitization Entity shall promptly notify the Trustee and the Control Party. Promptly following the Trustee’s receipt of written notice hereunder of any Event of Default, the Trustee shall send a copy thereof to the Issuer, the Control Party, each Rating Agency, the Controlling Class Representative, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, each Noteholder and each other Secured Party.

 

At any time after such a declaration of acceleration with respect to the Notes has been made and before a judgment or decree for payment of the money due has been obtained by the Trustee, as hereinafter provided in this Article IX, the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), by written notice to the Issuer and to the Trustee, may rescind and annul such declaration and its consequences, if (i) the Issuer has paid or deposited with the Trustee a sum sufficient to pay (a) all overdue installments of interest and principal on the Notes (excluding principal amounts due solely as a result of the acceleration), and (b) all unpaid taxes, administrative expenses and other sums paid by the Trustee or paid by the Control Party under the Transaction Documents and the reasonable compensation, expenses and disbursements of the Trustee and the Control Party, their respective agents and counsel, as applicable, and any unreimbursed Manager Advances (with interest thereon at the Advance Interest Rate), fees and expenses due and payable to the Control Party and fees, expenses and other amounts due and payable to the Trustee and (ii) all existing Events of Default, other than the non-payment of the principal of the Notes which has become due solely by such declaration of acceleration, have been cured or waived as provided in Section 9.7. No such rescission shall affect any subsequent default or impair any right consequent thereon. Any Default or Event of Default described in clause (d) above will not be subject to waiver without the consent of the Control Party and each Noteholder. Any other Default or Event of Default may be waived by the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) by notice to the Trustee.

 

Section 9.3 Rights of the Control Party and Trustee upon Event of Default.

 

(a)  Payment of Principal and Interest. The Issuer covenants that if (i) default is made in the payment of any interest on any Series of Notes Outstanding when the same becomes due and payable, (ii) the Notes are accelerated following the occurrence of an Event of Default or (iii) default is made in the payment of the principal of, or premium, if any, on any Series of Notes Outstanding when due and payable, the Issuer will, upon demand by the Trustee (and, in the case of any default that is made in the payment of any interest on any Series of Notes Outstanding when the same becomes due and payable (other than on the Series Legal Final Maturity Date or on any other date on which the Outstanding Principal Amount of the Notes of such Series is required to be paid in full), to the extent of funds available) at the direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), pay to the Trustee, for the benefit of the Noteholders, the whole amount then due and payable on the Notes for principal, premium, if any, and interest, and, to the extent payment at such rate of interest shall be legally enforceable, upon overdue installments of interest, at the applicable Note Rate and any default rate, as applicable, and in addition thereto such further amount as shall be sufficient to cover costs and expenses of collection, including the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Trustee and its agents and counsel.

 

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(b)  Proceedings To Collect Money. In case the Issuer shall fail forthwith to pay such amounts upon such demand, the Trustee at the direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), in its own name and as trustee of an express trust, may institute a Proceeding for the collection of the sums so due and unpaid, and may prosecute such Proceeding to judgment or final decree, and may enforce the same against the Issuer and collect in the manner provided by law out of the property of the Issuer, wherever situated, the moneys adjudged or decreed to be payable.

 

(c)  Other Proceedings. If and whenever an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, the Trustee, at the direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) shall be entitled to take one or more of the following actions:

 

(i)  proceed to protect and enforce its rights and the rights of the Noteholders and the other Secured Parties, by such appropriate Proceedings as the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) shall deem most effective to protect and enforce any such rights, whether for the specific enforcement of any covenant or agreement in the Indenture or any other Transaction Document or in aid of the exercise of any power granted therein, or to enforce any other proper remedy or legal or equitable right vested in the Trustee by the Indenture or any other Transaction Document or by law, including any remedies of a secured party under applicable Requirements of Law;

 

(ii)  (A) direct the Issuer to exercise (and the Issuer agrees to exercise) all rights, remedies, powers, privileges and claims of the Issuer against any party to any Collateral Document arising as a result of the occurrence of such Event of Default or otherwise, including the right or power to take any action to compel performance or observance by any such party of its obligations to the Issuer, and any right of the Issuer to take such action independent of such direction shall be suspended, and (B) if (x) the Issuer shall have failed, within ten (10) Business Days of receiving the direction of the Trustee (given at the direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative)), to take commercially reasonable action to accomplish such directions of the Trustee, (y) the Issuer refuses to take such action or (z) the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) reasonably determines that such action must be taken immediately, take (or the Control Party on behalf of the Trustee shall take) such previously directed action (and any related action as permitted under the Indenture thereafter determined by the Trustee or the Control Party to be appropriate without the need under this provision or any other provision under the Indenture to direct the Issuer to take such action);

 

(iii)  institute Proceedings from time to time for the complete or partial foreclosure of the Indenture or, to the extent applicable, any other Transaction Document, with respect to the Collateral; provided that the Trustee will not be required to take title to any real property in connection with any foreclosure or other exercise of remedies hereunder or under such Transaction Documents and title to such property will instead be acquired in an entity designated and (unless owned by a third party) controlled by the Control Party; and/or

 

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(iv)  sell all or a portion of the Collateral at one or more public or private sales called and conducted in any manner permitted by law; provided, however, that the Trustee shall not proceed with any such sale without the prior written consent of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) and the Trustee will provide notice to the Issuer and each Holder of Subordinated Notes and Senior Subordinated Notes of a proposed sale of Collateral.

 

(d)  Sale of Collateral. In connection with any sale of the Collateral hereunder, (which may proceed separately and independently from the exercise of remedies under the Indenture), under any judgment, order or decree in any judicial proceeding for the foreclosure or involving the enforcement of the Indenture or any other Transaction Document:

 

(i)  any of the Trustee, any Noteholder and/or any other Secured Party may bid for and purchase the property being sold, and upon compliance with the terms of the sale may hold, retain, possess and dispose of such property in its own absolute right without further accountability;

 

(ii)  the Trustee (acting at the direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative)) may make and deliver to the purchaser or purchasers a good and sufficient deed, bill of sale and instrument of assignment and transfer of the property sold;

 

(iii)  all right, title, interest, claim and demand whatsoever, either at law or in equity or otherwise, of any Securitization Entity of, in and to the property so sold shall be divested; and such sale shall be a perpetual bar both at law and in equity against such Securitization Entity, its successors and assigns, and against any and all Persons claiming or who may claim the property sold or any part thereof from, through or under such Securitization Entity or its successors or assigns;

 

(iv)  the receipt of the Trustee or of the officer thereof making such sale shall be a sufficient discharge to the purchaser or purchasers at such sale for his or their purchase money, and such purchaser or purchasers, and his or their assigns or personal representatives, shall not, after paying such purchase money and receiving such receipt of the Trustee or of such officer thereof, be obliged to see to the application of such purchase money or be in any way answerable for any loss, misapplication or non-application thereof; and

 

(v)  any amounts obtained by the Trustee or the Control Party on account of or as a result of the exercise by the Trustee or the Control Party of any of its rights under the Indenture will be held by the Trustee as additional collateral for the repayment of the Obligations, shall be deposited in the Collection Account and, other than with respect to amounts owed to a depository bank or securities intermediary under the related Account Control Agreement, shall be applied in the priority set forth in this Section 5.10 hereof; provided that, unless otherwise provided in the Indenture, with respect to any distribution to any Class of Notes, such amounts will be distributed sequentially in order of alphabetical (as opposed to alphanumerical) designation and pro rata among each Class of Notes of the same alphabetical designation based upon the Outstanding Principal Amount of the Notes of each such Class.

 

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(e)  Application of Proceeds. Any amounts obtained by the Trustee or the Control Party on account of or as a result of the exercise by the Trustee or the Control Party of any right hereunder shall be held by the Trustee as additional Collateral for the repayment of the Obligations, shall be deposited into the Collection Account and shall be applied as provided in the priority set forth in the Priority of Payments; provided, however, that unless otherwise provided in this Article IX, with respect to any distribution to any Class of Notes, notwithstanding the provisions of Article V, such amounts shall be distributed sequentially in order of alphabetical (as opposed to alphanumerical) designation and pro rata among each Class of Notes of the same alphabetical designation based upon the Outstanding Principal Amount of the Notes of each such Class.

 

(f)  Additional Remedies. In addition to any rights and remedies now or hereafter granted hereunder or under applicable law with respect to the Collateral, the Trustee shall have all of the rights and remedies of a secured party under the UCC as enacted in any applicable jurisdiction.

 

(g)  Proceedings. The Trustee may maintain a Proceeding even if it does not possess any of the Notes or does not produce any of them in the Proceeding, and any such Proceeding instituted by the Trustee shall be in its own name as trustee. All remedies are cumulative to the extent permitted by law.

 

(h)  [Reserved].

 

Section 9.4 Waiver of Appraisal, Valuation, Stay and Right to Marshaling.

 

To the extent it may lawfully do so, the Issuer for itself and for any Person who may claim through or under it hereby:

 

(a)  agrees that neither it nor any such Person will step up, plead, claim or in any manner whatsoever take advantage of any appraisal, valuation, stay, extension or redemption laws, now or hereafter in force in any jurisdiction, which may delay, prevent or otherwise hinder (i) the performance, enforcement or foreclosure of the Indenture, (ii) the sale of any of the Collateral or (iii) the putting of the purchaser or purchasers thereof into possession of such property immediately after the sale thereof;

 

(b)  waives all benefit or advantage of any such laws;

 

(c)  waives and releases all rights to have the Collateral marshaled upon any foreclosure, sale or other enforcement of the Indenture; and

 

(d)  consents and agrees that, subject to the terms of the Indenture, all the Collateral may at any such sale be sold by the Trustee as an entirety or in such portions as the Trustee may (upon direction by the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative)) determine.

 

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Section 9.5 Limited Recourse.

 

Notwithstanding any other provision of the Indenture, the Notes or any other Transaction Document or otherwise, the liability of the Issuer to the Noteholders and any other Secured Parties under or in relation to the Indenture, the Notes or any other Transaction Document or otherwise, is limited in recourse to the Collateral. The proceeds of the Collateral having been applied in accordance with the terms hereof, none of the Noteholders or any other Secured Parties shall be entitled to take any further steps against Issuer to recover any sums due but still unpaid hereunder, under the Notes or under any of the other agreements or documents described in this Section 9.5, all claims in respect of which shall be extinguished.

 

Section 9.6 Optional Preservation of the Collateral.

 

If the maturity of the Outstanding Notes of each Series has been accelerated pursuant to Section 9.2 following an Event of Default and such declaration and its consequences have not been rescinded and annulled, the Trustee, at the direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), subject to the other terms and provisions hereof, shall elect to maintain possession of such portion, if any, of the Collateral as the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) shall in its discretion determine.

 

Section 9.7 Waiver of Past Events.

 

Prior to the declaration of the acceleration of the maturity of each Series of Notes Outstanding as provided in Section 9.2 and subject to Section 13.2, the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) by notice to the Trustee, the Rating Agencies and the Control Party, may waive any existing Default or Event of Default described in any clause of Section 9.2 (except clause (d) thereof) and its consequences; provided, however, that before any waiver may be effective, the Trustee and the Control Party must have received any amounts then due to the Control Party or the Trustee hereunder or under the Transaction Documents; provided, further, that the Control Party shall provide written notice of any such waiver to each Rating Agency (with a copy to the Control Party). Upon any such waiver, such Default shall cease to exist and any Event of Default arising therefrom shall be deemed to have been cured for every purpose of the Indenture, but no such waiver shall extend to any subsequent or other Default or impair any right consequent thereon. A Default or an Event of Default described in Section 9.2(d) shall not be subject to waiver without the consent of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) and each Noteholder. Subject to Section 13.2, the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), by notice to the Trustee, the Rating Agencies and the Control Party, may waive any existing Potential Rapid Amortization Event or any existing Rapid Amortization Event; provided however, that a Rapid Amortization Event pursuant to Section 9.1(d) relating to a particular Series of Notes (or Class, Subclass or Tranche thereof) shall not be permitted to be waived by any party unless each Noteholder of such Series of Notes (or Class, Subclass or Tranche thereof) that have not been repaid or refinanced in full prior to the applicable Series Anticipated Payment Date has consented to such waiver.

 

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Section 9.8 Control by the Control Party.

 

Notwithstanding any other provision hereof, the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) may, subject to the terms hereof, cause the institution of and direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the Trustee or exercise any trust or power conferred on the Trustee; provided that:

 

(a)  such direction of time, method and place shall not be in conflict with any rule of law or with the Indenture;

 

(b)  the Control Party may take any other action deemed proper by the Control Party that is not inconsistent with the direction of the Controlling Class Representative (as such direction may be modified by the Controlling Class Representative); and

 

(c)  such direction shall be in writing.

 

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Trustee need not take any action that it determines might involve it in liability unless it has received an indemnity for such liability as provided herein.

 

Section 9.9 Limitation on Suits.

 

Any other provision of the Indenture to the contrary notwithstanding, a Holder of Notes may pursue a remedy with respect to the Indenture or any other Transaction Document only if:

 

(a)  the Noteholder gives to the Trustee, the Control Party and the Controlling Class Representative written notice of a continuing Event of Default;

 

(b)  the Noteholders of at least 25% of the Aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of all then Outstanding Notes make a written request to the Trustee, the Control Party and the Controlling Class Representative to pursue the remedy;

 

(c)  such Noteholder or Noteholders offer and, if requested, provide to the Trustee, the Control Party and the Controlling Class Representative an indemnity satisfactory to the Trustee, the Control Party and the Controlling Class Representative against any loss, liability or expense;

 

(d)  the Trustee does not comply with the request within sixty (60) days after receipt of the request and the offer and, if requested, the provision of indemnity reasonably satisfactory to it;

 

(e)  during such sixty (60) day period, the Majority of Senior Noteholders do not give the Trustee a direction inconsistent with the request; and

 

(f)  the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) has consented to the pursuit of such remedy.

 

A Noteholder may not use the Indenture or any other Transaction Document to prejudice the rights of another Noteholder or to obtain a preference or priority over another Noteholder.

 

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Section 9.10 Unconditional Rights of Noteholders to Receive Payment.

 

Notwithstanding any other provision of the Indenture, the right of any Holder of a Note to receive payment of principal of, and premium, if any, and interest on the Note, on or after the respective due dates expressed in the Note, or to bring suit for the enforcement of any such payment on or after such respective dates, is absolute and unconditional and shall not be impaired or affected without the consent of the Holder of the Note.

 

Section 9.11 The Trustee May File Proofs of Claim.

 

The Trustee is authorized to file such proofs of claim and other papers or documents as may be necessary or advisable in order to have the claims of the Trustee (including any claim for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Trustee, its agents and counsel), the Noteholders and any other Secured Party (as applicable) allowed in any judicial proceedings relative to the Issuer (or any other obligor upon the Notes), its creditors or its property, and shall be entitled and empowered to collect, receive and distribute any money or other property payable or deliverable on any such claim and any custodian in any such judicial proceeding is hereby authorized by each Noteholder and each other Secured Party to make such payments to the Trustee and, in the event that the Trustee shall consent to the making of such payments directly to the Noteholders or any other Secured Party, to pay the Trustee any amount due to it for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Trustee, its agents and counsel, and any other amounts due the Trustee under Section 10.5. To the extent that the payment of any such compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Trustee, its agents and counsel, and any other amounts due the Trustee under Section 10.5 out of the estate in any such proceeding, shall be denied for any reason, payment of the same shall be secured by a Lien on, and shall be paid out of, any and all distributions, dividends, money and other properties which any of the Noteholders or any other Secured Party may be entitled to receive in such proceeding whether in liquidation or under any plan of reorganization or arrangement or otherwise. Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to authorize the Trustee to authorize or consent to or accept or adopt on behalf of any Noteholder or any other Secured Party any plan of reorganization, arrangement, adjustment or composition affecting the Obligations or the rights of any Noteholder or any other Secured Party, or to authorize the Trustee to vote in respect of the claim of any Noteholder or any other Secured Party in any such proceeding.

 

Section 9.12 Undertaking for Costs.

 

In any suit for the enforcement of any right or remedy under the Indenture or in any suit against the Trustee for any action taken or omitted by it as a Trustee, a court in its discretion may require the filing by any party litigant in the suit of any undertaking to pay the costs of the suit, and the court in its discretion may assess reasonable costs, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, against any party litigant in the suit, having due regard to the merits and good faith of the claims or defenses made by the party litigant. This Section 9.12 does not apply to a suit by the Trustee, a suit by a Noteholder pursuant to Section 9.9 or a suit by Noteholders of more than 10% of the Aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of all Series of Notes.

 

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Section 9.13 Restoration of Rights and Remedies.

 

If the Trustee, any Noteholder or any other Secured Party has instituted any Proceeding to enforce any right or remedy under the Indenture or any other Transaction Document and such Proceeding has been discontinued or abandoned for any reason or has been determined adversely to the Trustee or to such Noteholder or other Secured Party, then and in every such case the Trustee and the Noteholders shall, subject to any determination in such proceeding, be restored severally and respectively to their former positions hereunder, and thereafter all rights and remedies of the Trustee, the Noteholders and the other Secured Parties shall continue as though no such Proceeding had been instituted.

 

Section 9.14 Rights and Remedies Cumulative.

 

No right or remedy herein conferred upon or reserved to the Trustee or to the Holders of Notes or any other Secured Party is intended to be exclusive of any other right or remedy, and every right or remedy shall, to the extent permitted by law, be cumulative and in addition to every other right and remedy given under the Indenture or any other Transaction Document or now or hereafter existing at law or in equity or otherwise. The assertion or employment of any right or remedy under the Indenture or any other Transaction Document, or otherwise, shall not prevent the concurrent assertion or employment of any other appropriate right or remedy.

 

Section 9.15 Delay or Omission Not Waiver.

 

No delay or omission of the Trustee, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative, any Holder of any Note or any other Secured Party to exercise any right or remedy accruing upon any Potential Rapid Amortization Event, Rapid Amortization Event, Default or Event of Default shall impair any such right or remedy or constitute a waiver of any such Potential Rapid Amortization Event, Rapid Amortization Event, Default or Event of Default or an acquiescence therein. Every right and remedy given by this Article IX or by law to the Trustee, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative, the Holders of Notes or any other Secured Party may be exercised from time to time to the extent not inconsistent with the Indenture, and as often as may be deemed expedient, by the Trustee, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative, the Holders of Notes or any other Secured Party, as the case may be.

 

Section 9.16 Waiver of Stay or Extension Laws.

 

The Issuer covenants (to the extent that it may lawfully do so) that it will not at any time insist upon, or plead, or in any manner whatsoever claim or take the benefit or advantage of, any stay or extension law wherever enacted, now or at any time hereafter in force, that may affect the covenants or the performance of the Indenture or any other Transaction Document; and the Issuer (to the extent that it may lawfully do so) hereby expressly waives all benefit or advantages of any such law, and covenants that it will not hinder, delay or impede the execution of any power herein granted to the Trustee, the Control Party or the Controlling Class Representative, but will suffer and permit the execution of every such power as though no such law had been enacted.

 

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Article X

 
THE TRUSTEE

 

Section 10.1 Duties of the Trustee.

 

(a)  If an Event of Default or a Rapid Amortization Event of which a Trust Officer of the Trustee shall have Actual Knowledge has occurred and is continuing, the Trustee shall (except in the case of the receipt of directions with respect to such matter from the Control Party in accordance with the terms of this Base Indenture or any other Transaction Document in which event the Trustee’s sole responsibility will, subject to the term hereof, be to await such directions and act or refrain from acting in accordance with such directions) exercise the rights and powers vested in it by this Base Indenture and the other Transaction Documents, and use the same degree of care and skill in its exercise, as a prudent Person would exercise or use under the circumstances in the conduct of such Person’s own affairs; provided that the Trustee will have no liability in connection with any action or inaction taken, or not taken, by it upon the deemed occurrence of an Event of Default, a Rapid Amortization Event, a Manager Termination Event or a Control Party Termination Event of which a Trust Officer has not received written notice; provided, further, that the Trustee will have no liability in connection with any action or inaction due to the acts or failure to act of the Control Party or the Controlling Class Representative in connection with any Event of Default, Rapid Amortization Event, Manager Termination Event or Control Party Termination Event, or for acting or failing to act due to any direction or lack of direction from the Control Party or the Controlling Class Representative. The preceding sentence shall not have the effect of insulating the Trustee from liability arising out of the Trustee’s negligence, fraud, bad faith or willful misconduct. The Trustee, upon receipt of all resolutions, certificates, statements, opinions, reports, documents, orders or other instruments furnished to the Trustee which are specifically required to be furnished pursuant to any provision of the Indenture, shall examine them to determine whether they conform on their face to the requirements of this Base Indenture; provided that the Trustee shall not be responsible for the accuracy or content of any resolution, certificate, statement, opinion, report, document, order or other instrument furnished by the Issuer under the Indenture.

 

(b)  Except during the occurrence and continuance of an Event of Default or a Rapid Amortization Event of which the Trustee shall have Actual Knowledge:

 

(i)  The Trustee undertakes to perform only those duties that are specifically set forth in the Indenture or any other Transaction Document to which it is a party and no others, the Trustee shall not be liable except for the performance of such duties and obligations as are specifically set forth in this Base Indenture or any other Transaction Documents to which it is a party, and no other duties or implied covenants or obligations shall be read into the Indenture or any other Transaction Document against the Trustee; and

 

(ii)  In the absence of bad faith on its part, the Trustee may conclusively rely, as to the truth of the statements and the correctness of the opinions expressed therein, upon certificates or opinions furnished to the Trustee and conforming to the requirements of the Indenture and any other applicable Transaction Document; provided, however, in the case of any such certificates or opinions which by any provision hereof are specifically required to be furnished to the Trustee, the Trustee shall be under a duty to examine such certificates or opinions to determine whether or not they conform to the requirements of the Indenture.

 

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(c)  The Trustee may not be relieved from liability for its own negligence, fraud, bad faith or willful misconduct, except that:

 

(i)  This clause (c) does not limit the effect of clause (a) of this Section 10.1.

 

(ii)  The Trustee shall not be liable for any error of judgment made in good faith by a Trust Officer, unless it is conclusively determined by a court of competent jurisdiction no longer subject to appeal that the Trustee was grossly negligent in ascertaining the pertinent facts.

 

(iii)  The Trustee shall not be liable with respect to any action it takes, suffers or omits to take in good faith at the direction of the Manager, the Issuer, the Control Party and/or any Noteholder if direction from such Person is contemplated by the Transaction Documents; provided that the Trustee shall have no responsibility for determining whether any such party is authorized to provide such direction hereunder or under any other Transaction Document.

 

(iv)  The Trustee shall not be charged with knowledge of any Default, Event of Default, Potential Rapid Amortization Event, Rapid Amortization Event, Manager Termination Event, Potential Manager Termination Event or Control Party Termination Event or the commencement and continuation of a Cash Flow Sweeping Period until such time as a Trust Officer shall have Actual Knowledge or have received written notice thereof. In the absence of such Actual Knowledge or receipt of such notice, the Trustee may conclusively assume that no such event has occurred or is continuing.

 

(d)  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the Indenture or any of the other Transaction Documents, no provision of the Indenture or the other Transaction Documents shall require the Trustee to expend or risk its own funds or incur any liability, financial or otherwise, in the performance of any of its duties or exercise of its rights or powers hereunder, if it has reasonable grounds for believing that repayment of such funds or adequate security or indemnity against such risk or liability is not reasonably assured to it. The Trustee may refuse to perform any duty or exercise any right or power unless it receives indemnity satisfactory to it against any risk, loss, liability or expense.

 

(e)  In the event that the Paying Agent or the Note Registrar shall fail to perform any obligation, duty or agreement in the manner or on the day required to be performed by the Paying Agent or the Note Registrar, as the case may be, under the Indenture, the Trustee shall be obligated as soon as practicable upon Actual Knowledge of a Trust Officer thereof and receipt of appropriate records and information, if any, to perform such obligation, duty or agreement in the manner so required.

 

(f)  Subject to Section 10.3, all moneys received by the Trustee shall, until used or applied as herein provided, be held in trust for the purposes for which they were received, but need not be segregated from other funds except to the extent required by law or the Indenture or any of the other Transaction Documents to which the Trustee is a party.

 

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(g)  Whether or not therein expressly so provided, every provision of the Indenture and the other Transaction Documents relating to the conduct of, affecting the liability of, or affording protection to, the Trustee shall be subject to the provisions of this Section 10.1.

 

(h)  The Trustee shall not be responsible (i) for the existence, genuineness or value of any of the Collateral, (ii) for the validity, perfection, priority or enforceability of the Liens in any of the Collateral, whether impaired by operation of law or by reason of any action or omission to act on its part hereunder, (iii) for the validity or sufficiency of the Collateral or any agreement or assignment contained therein, (iv) for the validity of the title of the Securitization Entities to the Collateral, (v) for insuring the Collateral or (vi) for the payment of Taxes, charges, assessments or Liens upon the Collateral or otherwise as to the maintenance of the Collateral. The Trustee shall have no duty to inquire as to the performance or observance of any of the terms of the Indenture or the other Transaction Documents by the Securitization Entities.

 

(i)  The Trustee shall not be liable with respect to any action taken, suffered or omitted to be taken by it in good faith in accordance with the Indenture or at the direction of the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative or the Holders of the requisite percentage of Notes, relating to the time, method and place for conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the Trustee, exercising any trust or power conferred upon the Trustee under this Base Indenture or any other circumstances in which such direction is required or permitted by the terms of this Base Indenture.

 

(j)  The Trustee shall have no duty (i) to see to any recording, filing or depositing of this Base Indenture or any agreement referred to herein or any financing statement or continuation statement evidencing a security interest, or to see to the maintenance of any such recordings or filing or depositing or to any rerecording, refiling or redeposition of any thereof; (ii) to see to any insurance, (iii) except as otherwise provided by Section 10.1(e), to see to the payment or discharge of any tax, assessment or other governmental charge or any lien or encumbrance of any kind or (iv) to confirm or verify the contents of any reports or certificates, or other documents of the Manager, the Control Party, the Back-Up Manager or any other Person delivered to the Trustee pursuant to this Base Indenture or any other Transaction Document believed by the Trustee to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper party or parties; provided that the Trustee may conclusively rely upon such documents and shall be fully protected in acting or refraining from acting thereon.

 

(k)  The Trustee shall not be liable for special, indirect, consequential or punitive loss or damage of any kind whatsoever (including but not limited to lost profits), even if the Trustee has been advised of the likelihood of such loss or damage and regardless of the form of action.

 

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Section 10.2 Rights of the Trustee.

 

Except as otherwise provided by Section 10.1:

 

(a)  The Trustee may conclusively rely and shall be fully protected in acting or refraining from acting based upon any resolution, Officer’s Certificate, Opinion of Counsel, certificate, instrument, report, consent, order, document or other paper reasonably believed by it to be genuine and to have been signed by or presented by the proper person.

 

(b)  The Trustee may consult with counsel of its selection and the advice of such counsel or any Opinion of Counsel shall be full and complete authorization and protection from liability in respect of any action taken, suffered or omitted by it hereunder in good faith and in reliance thereon.

 

(c)  The Trustee may act through agents, custodians and nominees and shall not be liable for any misconduct or negligence on the part of, or for the supervision of, any such non-affiliated agent, custodian or nominee so long as such agent, custodian or nominee is appointed with due care; provided, however, the Trustee shall have received the consent of the Control Party prior to the appointment of any agent, custodian or nominee performing any material obligation of the Trustee hereunder.

 

(d)  The Trustee shall not be liable for any action it takes, suffers or omits to take in the absence of gross negligence, fraud, bad faith and willful misconduct which it believes to be authorized or within the discretion or rights or powers conferred upon it by the Indenture or the applicable Transaction Documents.

 

(e)  The Trustee shall be under no obligation to exercise any of the rights or powers vested in it by this Base Indenture, any Series Supplement or any other Transaction Document, or to institute, conduct or defend any litigation hereunder or thereunder or in relation hereto or thereto, at the request, order or direction of the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative, any of the Noteholders or any other Secured Party pursuant to the provisions of this Base Indenture, any Series Supplement or any other Transaction Document, unless the Trustee has been offered security or indemnity reasonably satisfactory to the Trustee against the costs, expenses and liabilities that may be incurred by it in compliance with such request, order or direction.

 

(f)  The Trustee shall not be bound to make any investigation into the facts of matters stated in any resolution, certificate, statement, instrument, opinion, report, notice, request, consent, order, approval, bond or other paper or document, unless requested in writing so to do by the Noteholders of at least 25% of the Aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of all then Outstanding Notes. If the Trustee is so requested or determines in its own discretion to make such further inquiry or investigation into such facts or matters as it sees fit, the Trustee shall be entitled to examine the books, records and premises of the Securitization Entities, personally or by agent or attorney, at the sole cost of the Issuer and the Trustee shall incur no liability by reason of such inquiry or investigation.

 

(g)  The right of the Trustee to perform any discretionary act enumerated in this Base Indenture shall not be construed as a duty, and the Trustee shall be not be liable in the absence of negligence, fraud, bad faith or willful misconduct for the performance of such act.

 

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(h)  In accordance with Section 326 of the U.S.A. Patriot Act, to help fight the funding of terrorism and money laundering activities, the Trustee will obtain, verify, and record information that identifies individuals or entities that establish a relationship or open an account with the Trustee. The Trustee will ask for the name, address, tax identification number and other information that will allow the Trustee to identify the individual or entity who is establishing the relationship or opening the account. The Trustee may also ask for formation documents such as articles of incorporation, an offering memorandum, or other identifying documents to be provided.

 

(i)  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, any and all communications (both text and attachments) by or from the Trustee that the Trustee in its sole discretion deems to contain confidential, proprietary or sensitive information and sent by electronic mail will be encrypted. The recipient of the email communication will be required to complete a one-time registration process.

 

(j)  The Trustee shall not be responsible or liable for any failure or delay in the performance of its obligations under this Base Indenture arising out of or caused, directly or indirectly, by circumstances beyond its reasonable control, including without limitation, acts of God; earthquakes; fires; floods; wars; civil or military disturbances; sabotage; epidemics; riots; interruptions, loss or malfunctions of utilities, computer (hardware or software) or communications service, accidents; labor disputes; acts of civil or military authority or governmental actions (it being understood that the Trustee shall use commercially reasonable efforts to resume performance as soon as practicable under the circumstances).

 

(k)  The Trustee shall not be required to give any bond or surety in respect of the execution of the trust created hereby or the powers granted hereunder.

 

(l)  All rights of action and claims under this Base Indenture may be prosecuted and enforced by the Trustee without the possession of any of the Notes or the production thereof in any proceeding relating thereto, any such proceeding instituted by the Trustee shall be brought in its own name or in its capacity as Trustee. Any recovery of judgment shall, after provision for the payments to the Trustee provided for in Section 10.5, be distributed in accordance with the Priority of Payments.

 

(m)  The Trustee may request written direction from any applicable party any time the Indenture provides that the Trustee may be directed to act.

 

(n)  Any request or direction of the Issuer mentioned herein shall be sufficiently evidenced by a Company Order.

 

(o)  Whenever in the administration of the Indenture the Trustee shall deem it desirable that a matter be proved or established prior to taking, suffering or omitting any action hereunder, the Trustee may, in the absence of bad faith, gross negligence or willful misconduct on its part, rely upon an Officer’s Certificate of the Issuer, the Manager or the Control Party and shall incur no liability for its reliance thereon.

 

(p)  The Trustee shall not be responsible for the accuracy of the books or records of, or for any acts or omissions of DTC, any transfer agent (other than the Trustee itself acting in that capacity), any calculation agent (other than the Trustee itself acting in that capacity), or any agent appointed by it with due care or any Paying Agent (other than the Trustee itself acting in that capacity).

 

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(q)  The Trustee and its Affiliates are permitted to receive additional compensation that could be deemed to be in the Trustee’s economic self-interest for (i) serving as an investment advisor, administrator, shareholder servicing agent, custodian or sub-custodian with respect to certain Eligible Investments, (ii) using Affiliates to effect transactions in certain Eligible Investments and (iii) effecting transactions in certain Eligible Investments. The Trustee does not guarantee the performance of any Eligible Investments.

 

(r)  The Trustee shall have no obligation to invest and reinvest any cash held in the absence of timely and specific written investment direction from the Control Party or the Issuer. In no event shall the Trustee be liable for the selection of investments or for investment losses incurred thereon. The Trustee shall have no liability in respect of losses incurred as a result of the liquidation of any investment prior to its stated maturity or the failure of the Control Party or the Issuer to provide timely written investment direction.

 

(s)  The Trustee shall have no obligation to calculate nor shall it be responsible or liable for any calculation of the DSCR, the Interest-Only DSCR or the New Series Pro Forma DSCR.

 

(t)  The rights, privileges, protections, immunities and benefits given to the Trustee, including, without limitation, its right to be indemnified, are extended to, and shall be enforceable by, the Bank, in each case, with respect to each of its capacities hereunder, and each agent, custodian and other Person employed to act hereunder.

 

(u)  The Trustee shall be afforded, in each Transaction Document, all of the rights, powers, immunities and indemnities granted to it in this Base Indenture as if such rights, powers, immunities and indemnities were specifically set out in each such Transaction Document.

 

(v)  For any purpose under the Transaction Documents, the Trustee may conclusively assume without incurring liability therefor that no Notes are held by any of the Securitization Entities, any other obligor upon the Notes, the Manager or any Affiliate of any of them unless a Trust Officer has received written notice at the Corporate Trust Office that any Notes are so held by any of the Securitization Entities, any other obligor upon the Notes, the Manager or any Affiliate of any of them.

 

(w)  The Trustee shall not have any responsibility to make any inquiry or investigation as to, and shall have no obligation in respect of, the terms of an engagement of Independent Auditors by the Issuer (or the Manager on behalf of the Issuer) or the terms of any agreed upon procedures in respect of such engagement; provided that the Trustee shall be authorized, upon receipt of a Company Order directing the same, to execute any acknowledgment or other agreement with the Independent Auditors required for the Trustee to receive any of the reports or instructions provided herein, which acknowledgment or agreement may include, among other things, (i) acknowledgment that the Issuer has agreed that the procedures to be performed by the Independent Auditors are sufficient for the Issuer’s purposes, (ii) releases by the Trustee (on behalf of itself and the Holders) of claims against the Independent Auditors, and (iii) restrictions or prohibitions on the disclosure of information or documents provided to it by such firm of Independent Auditors (including to the Holders). Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall the Trustee be required to execute any agreement in respect of the Independent Auditors that the Trustee reasonably determines adversely affects it.

 

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(x)  UMB Bank, N.A. (in each of its capacities, the “Bank”) agrees to accept and act upon instructions or directions pursuant to this Base Indenture or any documents executed in connection herewith or therewith sent by unsecured email, facsimile transmission or other similar unsecured electronic methods; provided, however, that any person providing such instructions or directions shall provide to the Bank an incumbency certificate listing persons designated to provide such instructions or directions (including the email addresses of such persons), which incumbency certificate shall be amended whenever a person is added or deleted from the listing. If such person elects to give the Bank email (or .pdf or similar files) or facsimile instructions (or instructions by a similar electronic method) and the Bank in its discretion elects to act upon such instructions, the Bank’s reasonable understanding of such instructions shall be deemed controlling. The Bank shall not be liable for any losses, costs or expenses arising directly or indirectly from the Bank’s reliance upon and compliance with such instructions notwithstanding such instructions conflicting with or being inconsistent with a subsequent written instruction. Any person providing such instructions or directions agrees to assume all risks arising out of the use of such electronic methods to submit instructions and directions to the Bank, including without limitation the risk of the Bank acting on unauthorized instructions, and the risk of interception and misuse by third parties.

 

Section 10.3 Individual Rights of the Trustee.

 

The Trustee in its individual or any other capacity may become the owner or pledgee of Notes and may otherwise deal with the Securitization Entities or an Affiliate of the Securitization Entities with the same rights it would have if it were not Trustee. Any Agent may do the same with like rights.

 

Section 10.4 Notice of Events of Default and Defaults.

 

If an Event of Default, a Default, a Rapid Amortization Event or a Potential Rapid Amortization Event occurs and is continuing of which the Trustee has Actual Knowledge or written notice of the existence thereof has been delivered to a Trust Officer of the Trustee at the Corporate Trust Office, the Trustee shall promptly provide the Noteholders, the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Issuer and each Rating Agency with notice of such Event of Default, Default, Rapid Amortization Event or Potential Rapid Amortization Event by e-mail or first class mail.

 

Section 10.5 Compensation and Indemnity.

 

(a)  The Issuer shall promptly pay to the Trustee from time to time compensation for its acceptance of the Indenture and services hereunder and under the other Transaction Documents to which the Trustee is a party as the Trustee and the Issuer shall from time to time agree in writing. The Trustee’s compensation shall not be limited by any law on compensation of a trustee of an express trust. The Issuer shall reimburse the Trustee promptly upon request for all reasonable disbursements, advances and expenses incurred or made by it in addition to the compensation for its services in accordance with the provisions of the Indenture (including, without limitation, the Priority of Payments). Such expenses shall include the reasonable compensation, disbursements and expenses of the Trustee’s agents and outside counsel. When the Trustee incurs expenses or renders services after an Event of Default or Rapid Amortization Event occurs, the expenses and the compensation for the services are intended to constitute expenses of administration under the Bankruptcy Code.

 

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(b)  The Issuer shall indemnify and hold harmless the Trustee or any predecessor Trustee and their respective directors, officers, agents and employees from and against any loss, liability, claim, expense (including taxes, other than taxes based upon, measured by or determined by the income of the Trustee or such predecessor Trustee), damage or injury suffered or sustained by reason of any acts, omissions or alleged acts or omissions arising out of or in connection with (i) the activities of the Trustee or such predecessor Trustee pursuant to this Base Indenture, any Series Supplement or any other Transaction Documents to which the Trustee is a party and any activities contemplated hereby or thereby and (ii) the security interest granted hereby, whether arising by virtue of any act or omission on the part of the Issuer or otherwise, including but not limited to any judgment, award, settlement, reasonable and documented attorneys’ fees and other costs or expenses reasonably incurred in connection with the defense of any actual or threatened action, proceeding, claim (whether asserted by the Issuer, the Control Party or any Noteholder or any other Person), liability in connection with the exercise or performance of any of its powers or duties hereunder or under any Transaction Document, the preservation of any of its rights to, or the realization upon, any of the Collateral, or in connection with enforcing the provisions of this Section 10.5(b); provided, however, that the Issuer shall not indemnify the Trustee, any predecessor Trustee or their respective directors, officers, employees or agents if such acts, omissions or alleged acts or omissions constitute willful misconduct, bad faith or negligence by the Trustee or such predecessor Trustee, as the case may be.

 

(c)  The provisions of this Section 10.5 shall survive the termination of the Indenture and the resignation and removal of the Trustee.

 

Section 10.6 Replacement of the Trustee.

 

(a)  A resignation or removal of the Trustee and appointment of a successor Trustee shall become effective only upon the successor Trustee’s acceptance of appointment as provided in this Section 10.6.

 

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(b)  The Trustee may, after giving not less than thirty (30) days’ prior written notice to the Issuer, the Noteholders, the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Controlling Class Representative and each Rating Agency, resign at any time from its office and be discharged from the trust hereby created; provided, however, that no such resignation of the Trustee shall be effective until a successor trustee has assumed the obligations of the Trustee hereunder. The Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) or the Issuer may remove the Trustee by delivering written notice of such removal to the Trustee, or any Noteholder may, on behalf of itself and all others similarly situated, petition any court of competent jurisdiction for the removal of the Trustee and the appointment of a successor Trustee, if at any time:

 

(i)  the Trustee fails to comply with Section 10.8;

 

(ii)  the Trustee is adjudged a bankrupt or an insolvent or an order for relief is entered with respect to the Trustee under the Bankruptcy Code;

 

(iii)  the Trustee fails generally to pay its debts as such debts become due; or

 

(iv)  the Trustee becomes incapable of acting.

 

If the Trustee resigns or is removed or if a vacancy exists in the office of the Trustee for any reason, the Issuer shall promptly, with the prior written consent of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), appoint a successor Trustee. Within one year after the successor Trustee takes office, the Majority of Controlling Class Members (with the prior written consent of the Control Party, acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) may appoint a successor Trustee to replace the successor Trustee appointed by the Issuer.

 

(c)  If a successor Trustee is not appointed and an instrument of acceptance by a successor Trustee is not delivered to the Trustee within thirty (30) days after the retiring Trustee resigns or is removed, at the direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), the retiring Trustee, at the expense of the Issuer, may petition any court of competent jurisdiction for the appointment of a successor Trustee.

 

(d)  [Reserved].

 

(e)  A successor Trustee shall deliver a written acceptance of its appointment to the retiring Trustee or removed Trustee and to the Control Party and the Issuer. Thereupon the resignation or removal of the retiring Trustee shall become effective, and the successor Trustee shall have all the rights, powers and duties of the Trustee under this Base Indenture, any Series Supplement and any other Transaction Document to which the Trustee is a party. The successor Trustee shall mail a notice of its succession to Noteholders. The retiring Trustee shall promptly transfer all property held by it as Trustee to the successor Trustee; provided, however, that all sums owing to the retiring Trustee hereunder have been paid. Notwithstanding replacement of the Trustee pursuant to this Section 10.6 the Issuer’s obligations under Section 10.5 shall continue for the benefit of the retiring Trustee.

 

(f)  No successor Trustee may accept its appointment unless at the time of such acceptance such successor is qualified and eligible under this Base Indenture and a Rating Agency Notification has been provided and the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) has provided its consent with respect to such appointment.

 

Section 10.7 Successor Trustee by Merger, etc.

 

Subject to Section 10.8, if the Trustee consolidates, merges or converts into, or transfers all or substantially all of its corporate trust business to, another corporation, the successor corporation without any further act shall be the successor Trustee; provided that written notice of such consolidation, merger or conversion shall be provided to the Issuer, the Control Party and the Noteholders after completion thereof; provided further that the resulting or successor corporation is eligible to be a Trustee under Section 10.8.

 

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Section 10.8 Eligibility Disqualification.

 

(a)  There shall at all times be a Trustee hereunder which shall (i) be a bank or trust company organized and doing business under the laws of the United States of America or of any state thereof authorized under such laws to exercise corporate trustee power, (ii) be subject to supervision or examination by federal or state authority, (iii) have a combined capital and surplus of at least $250,000,000 as set forth in its most recent published annual report of condition, (iv) be reasonably acceptable to the Control Party and (v) have a long-term unsecured debt rating of at least “BBB+” by S&P’s and Fitch.

 

(b)  At any time the Trustee shall cease to satisfy the eligibility requirements of Section 10.8(a), the Trustee shall resign after written request that it do so by the Issuer, or by the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), in the manner and with the effect specified in Section 10.6.

 

Section 10.9 Appointment of Co-Trustee or Separate Trustee.

 

(a)  Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Base Indenture, any Series Supplement or any other Transaction Document, at any time, for the purpose of meeting any legal requirements of any jurisdiction in which any part of the Collateral may at the time be located, the Trustee shall have the power upon notice to the Control Party, the Issuer and may execute and deliver all instruments to appoint one or more Persons to act as a co-trustee or co-trustees, or separate trustee or separate trustees, for all or any part of the Collateral, and to vest in such Person or Persons, in such capacity and for the benefit of the Noteholders and the other Secured Parties, such title to the Collateral, or any part thereof, and, subject to the other provisions of this Section 10.9, such powers, duties, obligations, rights and trusts as the Trustee may consider necessary or desirable. Any co-trustee or separate trustee hereunder shall be required to meet the terms of eligibility as a successor trustee under Section 10.8 or shall be otherwise acceptable to the Control Party. No notice to Noteholders of the appointment of any co-trustee or separate trustee shall be required under Section 10.6. No co-trustee shall be appointed without the consent of the Control Party and the Issuer unless such appointment is required as a matter of state law or to enable the Trustee to perform its functions hereunder.

 

(b)  Every separate trustee and co-trustee shall, to the extent permitted by law, be appointed and act subject to the following provisions and conditions:

 

(i)  the Notes of each Series shall be authenticated and delivered solely by the Trustee or an authenticating agent appointed by the Trustee;

 

(ii)  all rights, powers, duties and obligations conferred or imposed upon the Trustee shall be conferred or imposed upon and exercised or performed by the Trustee and such separate trustee or co-trustee jointly (it being understood that such separate trustee or co-trustee is not authorized to act separately without the Trustee joining in such act), except to the extent that under any law of any jurisdiction in which any particular act or acts are to be performed, the Trustee shall be incompetent or unqualified to perform such act or acts, in which event such rights, powers, duties and obligations (including the holding of title to the Collateral or any portion thereof in any such jurisdiction) shall be exercised and performed singly by such separate trustee or co-trustee;

 

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(iii) no trustee hereunder shall be personally liable by reason of any act or omission of any other trustee hereunder and such appointment shall not, and shall not be deemed to, constitute any such trustee or co-trustee as an agent of the Trustee; and

 

(iv) the Trustee may at any time accept the resignation of or remove any separate trustee or co-trustee.

 

(c) Any notice, request or other writing given to the Trustee shall be deemed to have been given to each of the then separate trustees and co-trustees, as effectively as if given to each of them. Every instrument appointing any separate trustee or co-trustee shall refer to this Base Indenture and the conditions of this Article X. Each separate trustee and co-trustee, upon its acceptance of the trusts conferred, shall be vested with the estates or property specified in its instrument of appointment, either jointly with the Trustee or separately, as may be provided therein, subject to all the provisions of this Base Indenture, any Series Supplement and any other Transaction Documents to which the Trustee is a party, specifically including every provision of this Base Indenture, any Series Supplement, or any other Transaction Document which the Trustee is a party relating to the conduct of, affecting the liability of, or affording protection to, the Trustee. Every such instrument shall be filed with the Trustee and a copy thereof given to the Control Party and the Issuer.

 

(d) Any separate trustee or co-trustee may at any time constitute the Trustee, its agent or attorney-in-fact with full power and authority, to the extent not prohibited by law, to do any lawful act under or in respect to this Base Indenture, any Series Supplement or any other Transaction Document on its behalf and in its name. If any separate trustee or co-trustee shall die, become incapable of acting, resign or be removed, all of its estates, properties, rights, remedies and trusts shall vest in and be exercised by the Trustee, to the extent permitted by law, without the appointment of a new or successor trustee.

 

Section 10.10 Representations and Warranties of Trustee.

 

The Trustee represents and warrants to the Issuer and the Noteholders that:

 

(a) the Trustee is a national banking association, organized, existing and in good standing under the laws of the United States;

 

(b) the Trustee has full power, authority and right to execute, deliver and perform this Base Indenture, any Series Supplement issued concurrently with this Base Indenture and each other Transaction Document to which it is a party and to authenticate the Notes, and has taken all necessary action to authorize the execution, delivery and performance by it of this Base Indenture, any Series Supplement issued concurrently with this Base Indenture and any such other Transaction Document and to authenticate the Notes;

 

(c) this Base Indenture and each other Transaction Document to which it is a party has been duly executed and delivered by the Trustee; and

 

(d) the Trustee meets the requirements of eligibility as a trustee hereunder set forth in Section 10.8(a).

 

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Article XI

CONTROLLING CLASS REPRESENTATIVE AND CONTROL PARTY

 

Section 11.1 Controlling Class Representative.

 

(a) Within thirty (30) days after any CCR Re-election Event of which the Trustee has Actual Knowledge, the Trustee will send (which may be via email in connection with Definitive Notes and in accordance with the applicable procedures of DTC in connection with Book-Entry Notes) to the Holders thereof a written notice (with copies to the Manager and the Issuer) in the form of Exhibit C attached hereto, announcing an election and soliciting nominations for a Controlling Class Representative (a “CCR Election Notice”). Each Controlling Class Member will be allowed to nominate itself as a CCR Candidate (and will not be permitted to nominate any other Person or entity as a CCR Candidate) by submitting a nomination to the Trustee in the form of Exhibit D attached hereto (a “CCR Nomination”), certifying that, as of a date not more than ten (10) Business Days prior to the date of the CCR Election Notice, such Controlling Class Member was the Holder or Note Owner of the Outstanding Principal Amount of Notes of the Controlling Class specified in its CCR Nomination and that it is not a Competitor. For any nomination to be valid, the related CCR Nomination must be received by the Trustee within thirty (30) calendar days of the date of the CCR Election Notice (such period, the “CCR Nomination Period”).

 

(b) Based upon the CCR Nominations that are received by the Trustee, within three (3) Business Days following the end of the CCR Nomination Period, (i) if no nomination has been received and there is no Controlling Class Representative, the Trustee will notify the Manager, the Issuer, the Control Party and the Holders of the Controlling Class that no nominations have been received and that no election will occur, (ii) if one or more nominations have been received, the Trustee will prepare and send (which may be via email in connection with Definitive Notes and in accordance with the applicable procedures of DTC in connection with Book-Entry Notes) to the Holders of the Controlling Class a ballot in the form of Exhibit E attached hereto (the “CCR Ballot”) naming the top three candidates based upon the highest aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of Notes of Controlling Class Members nominating such candidate, as certified in the applicable CCR Nomination (or, if fewer than three (3) candidates are nominated, the CCR Ballot will list all candidates) or (iii) if a Controlling Class Representative currently exists and no CCR Nominations are received prior to the end of the CCR Nomination Period, then the Person serving as the current Controlling Class Representative will be deemed re-elected and will remain the Controlling Class Representative. Each Controlling Class Member may, in its sole discretion, indicate its vote for Controlling Class Representative by returning a completed CCR Ballot directly to the Trustee certifying that, as of the date of the CCR Ballot (the “CCR Voting Record Date”), such Controlling Class Member was the Holder or Note Owner of the Outstanding Principal Amount of Notes of the Controlling Class specified by such Controlling Class Member in the CCR Ballot. For any vote delivered on a CCR Ballot to be valid, such CCR Ballot must be received by the Trustee within thirty (30) calendar days of the date of such CCR Ballot (such period, a “CCR Election Period”).

 

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(c) If a CCR Candidate receives votes from Controlling Class Members holding interests in excess of 50% of the sum of the Outstanding Principal Amount of each Series of Notes of the Controlling Class, in each case, that are Outstanding as of the CCR Voting Record Date and with respect to which votes were submitted (which may be less than the Outstanding Principal Amount of Notes of the Controlling Class as of the CCR Voting Record Date), such CCR Candidate will be appointed the Controlling Class Representative pursuant to Section 11.1(d). Notes of the Controlling Class (or beneficial interest therein) held by a Securitization Entity or any Affiliate thereof will not be considered Outstanding for such voting purposes; provided that the Trustee shall not be deemed to have knowledge of the identity of any Noteholder or Note Owner unless the Trustee has Actual Knowledge of such ownership or a Trust Officer of the Trustee has received written notice of such ownership. If two CCR Candidates both receive votes from Controlling Class Members holding beneficial interests in exactly 50% of the aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of Notes of the Controlling Class with respect to which votes were submitted, the Controlling Class Representative will be the CCR Candidate chosen by the Issuer (or the Manager on its behalf pursuant to the Management Agreement). In the event that there is no current Controlling Class Representative and no CCR Candidate receives 50% of the aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount of Notes of the Controlling Class with respect to which votes were submitted, the Trustee will notify the Manager, the Securitization Entities, the Control Party, the Back-Up Manager, the Rating Agency and the Holders of the Controlling Class that no Controlling Class Representative has been appointed, and until a CCR Re-election Event occurs and a new Controlling Class Representative is elected then (i) the Control Party will exercise the rights of the Controlling Class Representative in accordance with the Control Party Agreement and (ii) any deliverable or notice that is required to be provided to the Controlling Class Representative under a Transaction Document will be delivered to the Control Party.

 

(d) In the event that a Controlling Class Representative is elected, deemed elected or chosen pursuant to the previous paragraph, the Trustee will forward an acceptance letter in the form of Exhibit F attached hereto (a “CCR Acceptance Letter”) to such Controlling Class Representative. No Person will be appointed Controlling Class Representative unless such Person delivers to the Trustee an executed CCR Acceptance Letter within fifteen (15) Business Days of receipt thereof. In the CCR Acceptance Letter, the Person accepting the role of the Controlling Class Representative will (i) agree to act as the Controlling Class Representative, (ii) provide its name and contact information and permit such information to be shared with the Manager, the Securitization Entities, the Control Party, the Back-Up Manager, each Rating Agency and the Noteholders and Note Owners and (iii) represent and warrant that it is a Controlling Class Member and not a Competitor. Within two (2) Business Days of receipt of such executed CCR Acceptance Letter, the Trustee will promptly forward copies thereof, to the Manager, the Securitization Entities, the Control Party, the Back-Up Manager, each Rating Agency and the Noteholders.

 

(e) Within two (2) Business Days of any other change in the name or address of the Controlling Class Representative of which the Trustee has received written notice from the Controlling Class Representative, the Trustee will deliver to each Noteholder, the Issuer, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, each Rating Agency and the Control Party a notice setting forth the name and address of the new Controlling Class Representative.

 

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(f) The Trustee will be entitled to conclusively rely on, without independent investigation, inquiry or verification, and will be fully protected in all actions taken or not taken by it with respect to all CCR Re-election Events, the representations and warranties of the Persons submitting CCR Nominations, CCR Ballots and CCR Acceptance Letters. In connection with a CCR Re-election Event, the Trustee shall be entitled to make such modifications to the CCR Election Notice, CCR Nomination, CCR Ballot and CCR Acceptance Letter as may be appropriate in connection with the applicable procedures of DTC or the policies and procedures of the Trustee from time to time, which may include additional certifications as to the beneficial ownership of a Note Owner and other identifying information in respect of the Notes, Holders or Note Owners.

 

(g) The Control Party will be entitled to rely on the identity of the Controlling Class Representative provided by the Trustee with respect to any obligation or right hereunder or under any other Transaction Document that the Control Party may have to deliver information or otherwise communicate with the Controlling Class Representative or any of the Noteholders of the Controlling Class, with no liability to it for such reliance.

 

(h) The Controlling Class Representative shall be entitled to receive from the Control Party, upon request, any memoranda delivered to the Control Party by the Back-Up Manager pursuant to the Back-Up Management Agreement; provided that it shall have first executed a confidentiality agreement, in form and substance satisfactory to the Manager, and such confidentiality agreement remains in effect. Any such memoranda shall be deemed to contain confidential information.

 

Section 11.2 Resignation or Removal of the Controlling Class Representative.

 

The Controlling Class Representative may at any time resign by giving written notice to the Trustee, the Manager, the Control Party and to each Noteholder of the Controlling Class. As of any Record Date, a Majority of Controlling Class Members shall be entitled to remove any existing Controlling Class Representative by giving written notice to the Trustee, the Manager, the Control Party and such existing Controlling Class Representative. No resignation or removal of the Controlling Class Representative shall become effective until a successor Controlling Class Representative has been appointed pursuant to Section 11.1 or until the end of the CCR Election Period (or, if no CCR Election Period has occurred after a CCR Nomination, until the end of the related CCR Nomination Period) following such resignation or removal; provided that any Controlling Class Representative that has been removed pursuant to this Section 11.2 may subsequently be nominated as a CCR Candidate (provided that such Controlling Class Representative candidate satisfies the requirements of this Base Indenture) and appointed as Controlling Class Representative pursuant to Section 11.1; provided, further, that an existing Controlling Class Representative shall cease to be the Controlling Class Representative at the end of a CCR Election Period, even if no successor is re-elected pursuant to Section 11.1, unless such Controlling Class Representative is elected during such CCR Election Period (except that, in the event of a CCR Re-election Event, if no CCR Nominations are received prior to the end of the CCR Nomination Period, the current Controlling Class Representative will remain the Controlling Class Representative and no further action will be taken with respect to such CCR Re-election Event). In addition to the foregoing, within two (2) Business Days of its Actual Knowledge of the resignation or removal of the Controlling Class Representative, the Trustee shall notify the Issuer, Manager, Back-Up Manager and the Control Party.

 

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Section 11.3 Expenses and Liabilities of the Controlling Class Representative.

 

(a) The Controlling Class Representative shall have no liability to the Noteholders or Note Owners for any action taken, or for refraining from the taking of any action, in good faith or for errors in judgment; provided, however, that the Controlling Class Representative shall not be protected against any liability that would otherwise be imposed by reason of willful misfeasance, gross negligence or reckless disregard of its obligations or duties under the Indenture. Each Noteholder and Note Owner acknowledges and agrees, by its acceptance of its Notes or interests therein, that (i) the Controlling Class Representative may have special relationships and interests that conflict with those of Noteholders or Note Owners of one or more Classes of Notes, or that conflict with other Noteholders or Note Owners, (ii) the Controlling Class Representative may act solely in the interests of the Controlling Class Members or in its own interest, (iii) the Controlling Class Representative does not have any duties to Noteholders or Note Owners other than the Controlling Class Members, (iv) the Controlling Class Representative may take actions that favor the interests of the Controlling Class Members over the interests of Holders of one or more other Classes of Notes, or that favor its own interests over those of other Noteholders, Note Owners or other Controlling Class Members, (v) the Controlling Class Representative shall not be deemed to have been grossly negligent or reckless, or to have acted in bad faith or engaged in willful misfeasance, by reason of its having acted solely in the interests of the Controlling Class Members or in its own interests, and (vi) the Controlling Class Representative shall have no liability whatsoever for having so acted pursuant to clauses (i) through (v), and no Noteholder or Note Owner may take any action whatsoever against the Controlling Class Representative for having so acted or against any director, officer, employee, agent or principal thereof for having so acted.

 

(b) Any and all expenses of the Controlling Class Representative for acting in its capacity as Controlling Class Representative shall be borne by the Controlling Class Members (and not by any other party), pro rata according to their respective Outstanding Principal Amounts. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if a claim is made against the Controlling Class Representative and the Control Party or the Trustee are also named parties to the same action and, in the sole judgment of the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative had acted in good faith, without gross negligence or willful misconduct, with regard to the particular matter at issue, and there is no potential for the Control Party or the Trustee to be an adverse party in such action as regards the Controlling Class Representative, the Control Party shall be required to assume the defense of any such claim against the Controlling Class Representative.

 

Section 11.4 Control Party.

 

(a) The Control Party is authorized to consent to and implement, subject to the Control Party Agreement, any Consent Request that does not require the consent of any Noteholder or the Controlling Class Representative.

 

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(b) For any Consent Request that expressly requires, pursuant to the terms of this Base Indenture and the other Transaction Documents, the consent or direction of the Controlling Class Representative, the Control Party shall review such Consent Request and shall formulate and present a Consent Recommendation to the Controlling Class Representative whether to approve or reject such Consent Request. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Controlling Class Representative shall have the sole discretion to approve or reject any Consent Request and the Control Party shall have no liability for any Consent Recommendation that is made in good faith. The Control Party is not authorized to implement any such Consent Request until the Control Party receives the consent of the applicable Noteholders or the Controlling Class Representative; provided that if the Controlling Class Representative fails to approve or reject a Consent Request within ten (10) Business Days following delivery of a Consent Request and the related Consent Recommendation to the Controlling Class Representative or if there is no Controlling Class Representative at such time (including, without limitation, prior to the first CCR Election Period or upon the issuance of a new Series of Notes), the Control Party shall be authorized (but not required) to implement such Consent Request in accordance with the Control Party Agreement, whether or not this Indenture or any Transaction Document indicates that the Control Party is required to act with the consent or at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative with respect to any specific matter relating to such Consent Request, other than with respect to Control Party Termination Events.

 

(c) For any Consent Request that expressly requires the consent or direction of affected Noteholders or 100% of the Noteholders pursuant to the terms of the Indenture or other Transaction Documents, including pursuant to Section 13.2, the Control Party will review such Consent Request and will formulate and present a Consent Recommendation to the Trustee, which will forward such Consent Request and Consent Recommendation to the applicable Noteholders. The Control Party will be required to obtain the consent of the applicable Noteholders with respect to such Consent Request, as required under the Transaction Documents, to implement such Consent Requests.

 

(d) The Control Party shall promptly notify the Trustee, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Issuer and the Controlling Class Representative if the Control Party determines, in accordance with the Control Party Agreement, not to implement a Consent Request or it has not received the requisite consent of, or direction from, the Controlling Class Representative or the Noteholders, if applicable, to implement a Consent Request. The Trustee shall promptly notify the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Issuer and the Controlling Class Representative if the Trustee has not received the requisite consent of the required percentage of Noteholders to implement a Consent Request.

 

(e) Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, no advice, direction or objection from or by the Controlling Class Representative may (i) require or cause the Trustee or the Control Party to violate applicable Requirements of Law, the terms of this Base Indenture, the Notes, the Control Party Agreement or the other Transaction Documents, including, without limitation with respect to the Control Party, the Control Party’s obligation to act in accordance with the Control Party Agreement, (ii) expose the Control Party or the Trustee, or any of their respective Affiliates, officers, directors, members, managers, employees, agents or partners, to any claim, suit or material liability, or (iii) materially expand the scope of the Control Party’s responsibilities under the Control Party Agreement or the Trustee’s responsibility under this Base Indenture, the Notes and the other Transaction Documents. Neither the Trustee nor the Control Party shall be required to follow any such advice, direction or objection.

 

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(f) The Control Party shall not be liable with respect to any action it takes, suffers or omits to take in good faith at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative and/or any Noteholder; provided that the Control Party shall have no responsibility for determining whether any such Person is authorized to provide such direction hereunder or under any other Transaction Document. If there is no Controlling Class Representative, the Control Party shall not be liable with respect to any action it takes, suffers or omits to take in good faith in accordance with the Indenture.

 

Section 11.5 Noteholder List.

 

Any Noteholders holding not less than $5,000,000 in aggregate principal amount of Notes that wish to communicate with the other Noteholders with respect to their rights under the Indenture or under the Notes may request in writing that the Trustee deliver a notice or communication to the other Noteholders. If such request and transmission states that such Noteholders desire to communicate with other Noteholders with respect to their rights under the Indenture or under the Notes and is accompanied by (i) a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit G certifying that such Noteholders hold not less than $5,000,000 in aggregate principal amount of Notes (each, a “Noteholder Certificate”) (upon which the Trustee may conclusively rely) and (ii) a copy of the communication which such Noteholders propose to transmit, then the Trustee, after having been adequately indemnified by such Noteholders for its costs and expenses, shall transmit the requested communication to all other Noteholders, and shall give the Issuer, the Control Party and the Controlling Class Representative notice that such request and transmission has been made, within five (5) Business Days after receipt of the request. The Trustee shall have no obligation of any nature whatsoever with respect to any requested communication other than to transmit it and to give notice thereof to the Issuer, the Control Party and the Controlling Class Representative in accordance with this Section 11.5.

 

Article XII

DISCHARGE OF INDENTURE

 

Section 12.1 Termination of the Issuer’s Obligations.

 

(a) Satisfaction and Discharge. The Indenture shall be discharged and cease to be of further effect when all Outstanding Notes theretofore authenticated and issued (other than destroyed, lost or stolen Notes which have been replaced or paid) have been delivered to the Trustee for cancellation, the Issuer has paid all sums payable hereunder and under each other Transaction Document; except that (i) the Issuer’s obligations under Section 10.5 and Section 10.11, (ii) the Trustee’s and the Paying Agent’s obligations under Sections 12.2 and 12.3 and (iii) the Noteholders’ and the Trustee’s obligations under Section 14.13 shall survive. The Trustee, on demand and at the expense of the Issuer, will execute proper instruments acknowledging confirmation of, and discharge under, the Indenture, prepared by the Issuer or Manager.

 

Upon the termination of the last Series Supplement under which Notes are Outstanding, at the election of the Issuer, the Indenture and all other Transaction Documents shall be discharged and cease to be of further effect; except that (i) the rights and obligations of the Trustee hereunder, including, without limitation, the Trustee’s rights to compensation and indemnity under Section 10.5, (ii) the Trustee’s and the Paying Agent’s obligations under Section 12.2 and Section 12.3, and (iii) the Noteholders’ and the Trustee’s obligations under Section 14.13 shall survive. The Trustee, on demand and at the expense of the Securitization Entities, shall execute proper instruments acknowledging confirmation of and discharge under the Indenture, prepared by the Securitization Entities.

 

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(b) Indenture Defeasance. The Issuer may terminate all of its obligations under the Transaction Documents if:

 

(i) the Issuer irrevocably deposits in trust with the Trustee or at the option of the Trustee, with a trustee reasonably satisfactory to the Control Party, the Trustee and the Issuer under the terms of an irrevocable trust agreement in form and substance satisfactory to the Trustee, U.S. Dollars and/or Government Securities in an amount sufficient, in the opinion of a nationally recognized firm of independent certified public accountants expressed in a written certification thereof delivered to the Trustee, to pay (without consideration of any reinvestment), when due, principal, premiums, make-whole prepayment consideration, if any, and interest on the Outstanding Notes (including additional interest that accrues after a Series Anticipated Repayment Date, if applicable) to prepayment, redemption or maturity, as the case may be, and to pay all other sums payable by them hereunder and under each other Transaction Document; provided that any Government Securities deposited in trust shall provide for the scheduled payment of all principal and interest thereon not later than the Business Day prior to the applicable prepayment date, redemption date or maturity date, as the case may be; and provided, further, that if (x) the deposit is held by a trustee of an irrevocable trust other than the Trustee, such trustee shall have been irrevocably instructed by the Issuer to pay such money or the proceeds of such U.S. Government Securities to the Trustee on or prior to the prepayment date, redemption date or maturity date, as applicable, and (y) the Trustee shall have been irrevocably instructed by the Issuer to apply such money or the proceeds of such U.S. Government Securities to the payment of said principal, premiums, make-whole prepayment consideration, if any, and interest with respect to the Notes and such other obligations;

 

(ii) Reserved;

 

(iii) the Issuer delivers notice of such deposit to the Noteholders of Outstanding Notes no more than twenty (20) Business Days prior to such deposit and such notice is expressly stated to be, or as of the date of the deposit has become, irrevocable;

 

(iv) the Issuer delivers notice of such deposit to the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Rating Agencies and the Control Party, on or before the date of the deposit; and

 

(v) an Opinion of Counsel is delivered to the Trustee and the Control Party by the Issuer to the effect that all conditions precedent set forth herein with respect to such termination have been satisfied.

 

Upon satisfaction of such conditions, the Indenture and all other Transaction Documents shall be discharged and cease to be of further effect; except that (i) the rights and obligations of the Trustee hereunder, including, without limitation, the Trustee’s rights to compensation and indemnity under Section 10.5, (ii) the Trustee’s and the Paying Agent’s obligations under Section 12.2 and Section 12.3, (iii) the Noteholders’ and the Trustee’s obligations under Section 14.13, (iv) this Section 12.1(b) and (v) the Noteholders’ rights to registration of transfer and exchange under Section 2.8 and to replacement or substitution of mutilated, destroyed, lost or stolen Notes under Section 2.10(a) shall survive. The Trustee, on demand of and at the expense of the Issuer, shall execute proper instruments acknowledging confirmation of and discharge under the Indenture.

 

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(c) Series Defeasance. Subject to the terms of each applicable Series Supplement, the Issuer, solely in connection with the payment in full (whether optional or mandatory) or a redemption in full of all Outstanding Notes of a particular Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes (the “Defeased Series”) or in connection with the Series Legal Final Maturity Date of a particular Series of Notes, may terminate all of their obligations under the Transaction Documents with respect to such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes on and as of any Business Day (the “Series Defeasance Date”), provided:

 

(i) the Issuer irrevocably deposits in trust with the Trustee, or at the option of the Trustee, with a trustee reasonably satisfactory to the Control Party, the Trustee and the Issuer under the terms of an irrevocable trust agreement in form and substance satisfactory to the Trustee, U.S. Dollars or Government Securities (or any combination thereof) in an amount sufficient, in the opinion of a nationally recognized firm of independent certified public accountants expressed in a written certification thereof delivered to the Trustee, to pay (without consideration of any reinvestment) without duplication:

 

(A) all principal, interest, contingent interest, premiums, make-whole prepayment consideration, interest on the Outstanding Notes of such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche (including additional interest that accrues after a Series Anticipated Repayment Date or renewal date, if applicable) and any other Series Obligations that will be due and payable by the Issuer solely with respect to the Defeased Series as of the applicable prepayment date, redemption date or Series Legal Final Maturity Date, as the case may be, and to pay other sums payable by them under the Base Indenture and each other Transaction Document with respect to the Defeased Series of Notes;

 

(B) all Monthly Management Fees, Supplemental Management Fees, unreimbursed Manager Advances (and outstanding interest thereon) and Manager Advances (and outstanding interest thereon), all fees, indemnities, reimbursements and expenses due to the Trustee, the Manager, the Control Party and the Back-Up Manager, and all Successor Manager Transition Expenses and Successor Control Party Transition Expenses, in each case that will be due and payable on or as of the following Monthly Allocation Date or Quarterly Payment Date, as applicable; and

 

(C) all Securitization Operating Expenses for the Defeased Series, in each case, that are due and unpaid as of the Series Defeasance Date to the Actual Knowledge of the Manager;

 

provided, that the terms of each Government Security deposited in trust shall provide for the scheduled payment of all principal and interest thereon not later than the Business Day prior to the prepayment date, redemption date or Series Legal Final Maturity of the Defeased Series, as applicable; and provided, further, that (x) if the deposit is held by a trustee of an irrevocable trust other than Trustee, such trustee shall have been irrevocably instructed by the Issuer to pay such money or the proceeds of such Government Securities to the Trustee on or prior to the prepayment date, redemption date, or Series Legal Final Maturity Date, as applicable and (y) the Trustee shall have been irrevocably instructed by the Issuer to apply such money or the proceeds of such Government Securities to the payment of the Series Obligations with respect to the Notes of such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche and to the payment of other fees and expenses, as applicable;

 

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(ii) Reserved;

 

(iii) the Issuer delivers notice of prepayment, redemption or maturity in full of such Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes in full to the Noteholders of the Defeased Series, the Manager, the Trustee, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative, the Back-Up Manager, each Rating Agency and the Control Party not more than twenty (20) Business Days prior to the Series Defeasance Date, and such notice is expressly stated to be, or as of the date of the deposit has become, irrevocable;

 

(iv) if, after giving effect to the deposit, any other Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes is Outstanding, the Issuer delivers to the Trustee an Officer’s Certificate of the Issuer stating that no Potential Rapid Amortization Event, Rapid Amortization Event, Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing on the date of such deposit;

 

(v) the Issuer delivers to the Trustee an Officer’s Certificate stating that the defeasance was not made by the Issuer with the intent of preferring the holders of the Defeased Series over other creditors of the Issuer or with the intent of defeating, hindering, delaying or defrauding other creditors;

 

(vi) the Issuer delivers notice of such deposit to the Control Party, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager and each Rating Agency on or before the date of the deposit;

 

(vii) such defeasance will not result in a breach or violation of, or constitute a default under, the Indenture or any other Transaction Documents; and

 

(viii) the Issuer delivers to the Trustee an Opinion of Counsel to the effect that all conditions precedent set forth herein with respect to such termination have been satisfied.

 

Upon satisfaction of such conditions, the Indenture and the other Transaction Documents shall cease to be of further effect with respect to such Defeased Series, the Issuer shall be deemed to have paid and been discharged from their Series Obligations with respect to such Defeased Series and thereafter such Defeased Series shall be deemed to be “Outstanding” only for purposes of (1) the Issuer’s obligations under Section 10.5, (2) the Trustee’s and the Paying Agent’s obligations under Section 10.11, Section 12.2 and Section 12.3, (3) the Noteholders’ and the Trustee’s obligations under Section 14.13 and (4) the Noteholders’ rights to registration of transfer and exchange under Section 2.8 and to replacement or substitution of mutilated, destroyed, lost or stolen Notes under Section 2.10(a). The Trustee, on demand of and at the expense of the Issuer, shall execute proper instruments acknowledging confirmation of and discharge under the Indenture of such Series Obligations.

 

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For the avoidance of doubt, upon the termination of a Series Supplement in accordance with the terms thereof, such Series of Notes shall be a “Defeased Series” and all Series Obligations with respect to such Series of Notes shall terminate and such date of termination shall be a “Series Defeasance Date”. Upon such termination of the applicable Series Supplement in accordance with its terms, the Indenture and the other Transaction Documents shall cease to be of further effect with respect to such Defeased Series, the Issuer shall be deemed to have paid and been discharged from their Series Obligations with respect to such Defeased Series and thereafter such Defeased Series shall no longer be deemed Outstanding hereunder.

 

(d) After the conditions set forth in Section 12.1(a) have been met, or after the irrevocable deposit is made pursuant to Section 12.1(b) and satisfaction of the other conditions set forth therein have been met, the Trustee upon request of the Securitization Entities shall reassign (without recourse upon, or any warranty whatsoever by, the Trustee) and deliver all Collateral and documents then in the custody or possession of the Trustee promptly to the applicable Securitization Entities.

 

Section 12.2 Application of Trust Money.

 

The Trustee or a trustee satisfactory to the Control Party, the Trustee and the Issuer shall hold in trust money or Government Securities deposited with it pursuant to Section 12.1. The Trustee shall apply the deposited money and the money from Government Securities through the Paying Agent in accordance with this Base Indenture and the other Transaction Documents to the payment of principal, premium, if any, and interest on the Notes and the other sums referred to above. The provisions of this Section 12.2 shall survive the expiration or earlier termination of the Indenture.

 

Section 12.3 Repayment to the Issuer.

 

(a) The Trustee and the Paying Agent shall promptly pay to the Issuer upon written request any excess money or, pursuant to Sections 2.10 and 2.14, return any cancelled Notes held by them at any time.

 

(b) Subject to Section 2.6(c), the Trustee and the Paying Agent shall pay to the Issuer upon written request any money held by them for the payment of principal, premium or interest that remains unclaimed for two years after the date upon which such payment shall have become due.

 

(c) The provisions of this Section 12.3 shall survive the expiration or earlier termination of the Indenture.

 

Section 12.4 Reinstatement.

 

If the Trustee is unable to apply any funds received under this Article XII by reason of any proceeding, order or judgment of any court or governmental authority enjoining, restraining or otherwise prohibiting such application, the Issuer’s obligations under the Indenture or the other Transaction Documents and in respect of the Notes shall be revived and reinstated as though no deposit had occurred, until such time as the Trustee is permitted to apply all such funds or property in accordance with this Article XII. If the Issuer makes any payment of principal, premium or interest on any Notes or any other sums under the Transaction Documents while such obligations have been reinstated, the Issuer shall be subrogated to the rights of the Noteholders, Note Owners or other Secured Parties who received such funds or property from the Trustee to receive such payment in respect of the Notes.

 

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Article XIII

AMENDMENTS

 

Section 13.1 Without Consent of the Control Party or the Noteholders.

 

(a) Without the consent of any Noteholder, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative or any other Secured Party, the Issuer and the Trustee, at any time and from time to time, may enter into one or more Supplements hereto or amendments, modifications or supplements to any Supplement or any other Indenture Document, in form satisfactory to the Trustee (or solely with respect to clause (xiv) below so long as such Supplement, amendment, modification or supplement to any Supplement or any other Indenture Document does not adversely affect the rights or obligation of the Trustee, upon notice thereof from the Issuer to the Trustee and the Control Party), for any of the following purposes:

 

(i) to create a new Series of Notes in accordance with Section 2.2(b) or issue Additional Notes of an existing Series, Class, Subclass or Tranche of Notes, and in connection therewith, and notwithstanding the Specified Payment Amendment Provisions (but solely with respect to such Series of Notes), to add or modify Events of Default, Rapid Amortization Events or Manager Termination Events to the extent that any such modifications render such events more restrictive from the perspective of the FAT Brands Entities;

 

(ii) to add to the covenants of the Securitization Entities for the benefit of any Noteholders or any other Secured Parties or to surrender for the benefit of the Noteholders and the other Secured Parties any right or power herein conferred upon the Securitization Entities;

 

(iii) to mortgage, pledge, convey, assign and transfer to the Trustee any property or assets as security for the Obligations and to specify the terms and conditions upon which such property or assets are to be held and dealt with by the Trustee and to set forth such other provisions in respect thereof as may be required by the Indenture or as may, consistent with provisions of this Base Indenture, be deemed appropriate by the Issuer, or to correct or to amplify the description of any such property or assets at any time so mortgaged, pledged, conveyed and transferred to the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties;

 

(iv) to correct any demonstrable error or defect or to cure any ambiguity or to correct or supplement any provisions herein or any Series Supplement which may be inconsistent with any other provision therein or with the offering memorandum for any Series of Notes Outstanding;

 

(v) to provide for uncertificated Notes in addition to certificated Notes;

 

(vi) to evidence and provide for the acceptance of appointment hereunder by a successor Trustee with respect to the Notes of one or more Series and to add to or change any of the provisions of the Indenture as shall be necessary to provide for or facilitate the administration of the trusts hereunder or thereunder by more than one Trustee;

 

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(vii) to correct or supplement any provision of this Base Indenture, any Supplement or any other Indenture Document that may be inconsistent with any offering memorandum for a Series of Notes;

 

(viii) to comply with Requirements of Law (as evidenced by an Opinion of Counsel);

 

(ix) to facilitate the transfer of Notes in accordance with applicable Requirements of Law (as evidenced by an Opinion of Counsel stating that such amendment, revision or modification is required or desirable for such purpose); provided that the Trustee shall not be required to determine (but may rely on a determination by the Issuer with respect to) the sufficiency of such Opinion of Counsel;

 

(x) to take any action necessary or helpful to avoid the imposition, under and in accordance with applicable Requirements of Law, of any Tax, including withholding Tax;

 

(xi) to take any action necessary and appropriate to facilitate the origination of Franchise Documents or the management and preservation of the Franchise Documents, in each case, in accordance with the Managing Standard;

 

(xii) to provide for mechanical provisions in respect of the issuance of Senior Subordinated Notes or Subordinated Notes;

 

(xiii) to amend the definitions of “Quarterly Fiscal Period” to conform to any change in the Manager’s fiscal year-end (to the extent such amendment is in accordance with the Managing Standard);

 

(xiv) to add provisions in respect of hedging and enhancement mechanics;

 

(xv) to amend, amend and restate or otherwise modify any Indenture Document in connection with the issuance of Additional Notes in conjunction with the defeasance of all other Series of Notes outstanding at such time (a “Series Refinancing Event”); provided that such modifications shall take effect simultaneously with or following such defeasance; and provided, further, that no such amendment shall adversely affect the rights of the Trustee without the prior written consent of the Trustee;

 

provided, however, that, other than in the case of any Supplement with respect to clause (xiii) above, as evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate delivered to the Trustee and the Control Party, such action could not reasonably be expected to adversely affect in any material respect the interests of any Noteholder, Note Owner, the Trustee, the Control Party or any other Secured Party.

 

(b) Upon the request of the Issuer and receipt by the Control Party and the Trustee of the documents described in Section 2.2 and delivery by the Control Party of its consent thereto to the extent required by Section 2.2, the Trustee shall join with the Issuer in the execution of any Series Supplement authorized or permitted by the terms of this Base Indenture and shall make any further appropriate agreements and stipulations which may be therein contained, but the Trustee shall not be obligated to enter into such Series Supplement which affects its own rights, duties or immunities under this Base Indenture or otherwise.

 

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Section 13.2 With Consent of the Control Party or the Noteholders.

 

(a) Except as provided in Section 13.1, the provisions of this Base Indenture, any Supplement and any other Indenture Document to which the Trustee is a party (unless otherwise provided in such Supplement) may from time to time be amended, modified or waived, if such amendment, modification or waiver is in writing in a Supplement and consented to in writing by the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative); provided, that:

 

(i) any such amendment, waiver or other modification pursuant to this Section 13.2 that would reduce the percentage of the Aggregate Outstanding Principal Amount or the Outstanding Principal Amount of any Series of Notes, the consent of the Noteholders of which is required for any Supplement under this Section 13.2 or the consent of the Noteholders of which is required for any waiver of compliance with the provisions of the Indenture or any other Transaction Document or defaults hereunder or thereunder and their consequences provided for in herein and therein or for any other action hereunder or thereunder shall require the consent of each affected Noteholder;

 

(ii) any such amendment, waiver or other modification pursuant to this Section 13.2, that would permit the creation of any Lien ranking prior to or on a parity with the Lien created by the Indenture or any other Transaction Documents with respect to any material portion of the Collateral or except as otherwise permitted by the Transaction Documents, terminate the Lien created by the Indenture or any other Transaction Documents on any material portion of the Collateral at any time subject thereto or deprive any Secured Party of any material portion of the security provided by the Lien created by the Indenture or any other Transaction Documents shall, in each case, require the consent of each affected Noteholder and each other affected Secured Party;

 

(iii) any amendment, waiver or other modification that would (A) extend the due date for, or reduce the amount of any scheduled repayment or prepayment of principal of, premium, if any, or interest on any Note and the other Obligations (or reduce the principal amount of, premium, if any, or rate of interest on any Note and the other Obligations); (B) affect adversely the interests, rights or obligations of any Noteholder individually in comparison to any other Noteholder; (C) change the provisions of the Priority of Payments; (D) change any place of payment where, or the coin or currency in which, any Notes and the other Obligations or the interest thereon is payable; (E) impair the right to institute suit for the enforcement of the provisions of the Indenture requiring the application of funds available therefor, as provided in Article V, to the payment of any such amount due on the Notes and the other Obligations owing to Noteholders on or after the respective due dates thereof, (F) subject to the ability of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative) to waive certain events or modify thresholds as set forth in Section 9.7, amend or otherwise modify any of the specific language of the following definitions: “Default,” “Event of Default,” “Potential Rapid Amortization Event,” “Rapid Amortization Event” or “Outstanding” (as defined in the Base Indenture or any applicable Series Supplement); provided, that the addition to any such definitions of additional such events, and the subsequent amendment thereof, shall not be deemed to violate this provision, or (G) amend, waive or otherwise modify this Section 13.2, in each case, shall require the consent of each affected Noteholder and each other affected Secured Party (this clause (iii), the “Specified Payment Amendment Provisions”); and

 

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(iv) any such amendment, waiver or other modification pursuant to this Section 13.2, that would change the time periods with respect to any requirement to deliver to Noteholders notice with respect to any repayment, prepayment or redemption shall require the consent of each affected Noteholder.

 

(b) No failure or delay on the part of any Noteholder, the Trustee or any other Secured Party in exercising any power or right under the Indenture or any other Transaction Document shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any such power or right preclude any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other power or right.

 

(c) The express requirement, in any provision hereof, that the Rating Agency Condition be satisfied as a condition to the taking of a specified action, shall not be amended, modified or waived by the parties hereto without satisfying the Rating Agency Condition.

 

Section 13.3 Supplements.

 

Each amendment or other modification to the Indenture and the Notes shall be set forth in a Supplement, a copy of which shall be delivered to each Rating Agency, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative, the Manager, the Back-Up Manager, the Trustee and the Issuer. The Issuer shall provide written notice to each Rating Agency of any amendment or modification to the Indenture or the Notes no less than ten (10) days prior to the effectiveness of the related Supplement, except in connection with the issuance of Additional Notes that will be rated by such Rating Agency; provided that such Supplement need not be in final form at the time such notice is given. The initial effectiveness of each Supplement shall be subject to the delivery to the Control Party and the Trustee of an Opinion of Counsel that such Supplement is authorized or permitted by this Base Indenture and the conditions precedent set forth herein with respect thereto have been satisfied. In addition to the manner provided in Sections 13.1 and 13.2, each Series Supplement may be amended as provided in such Series Supplement.

 

Section 13.4 Revocation and Effect of Consents.

 

Until an amendment or waiver becomes effective, a consent to it by a Noteholder of a Note is a continuing consent by the Noteholder and every subsequent Noteholder of a Note or portion of a Note that evidences the same debt as the consenting Noteholder’s Note, even if notation of the consent is not made on any Note. Any such Noteholder or subsequent Noteholder, however, may revoke the consent as to his Note or portion of a Note if the Trustee receives written notice of revocation before the date the amendment or waiver becomes effective. An amendment or waiver becomes effective in accordance with its terms and thereafter binds every Noteholder. The Issuer may fix a record date for determining which Noteholders must consent to such amendment or waiver.

 

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Section 13.5 Notation on or Exchange of Notes.

 

The Trustee may place an appropriate notation about an amendment or waiver on any Note thereafter authenticated. The Issuer, in exchange for all Notes, may issue and the Trustee shall authenticate new Notes that reflect the amendment or waiver. Failure to make the appropriate notation or issue a new Note shall not affect the validity and effect of such amendment or waiver.

 

Section 13.6 The Trustee to Sign Amendments, etc.

 

The Trustee shall sign any Supplement authorized pursuant to this Article XIII if the Supplement does not adversely affect the rights, duties, liabilities or immunities of the Trustee. If it does, the Trustee may, but need not, sign it. In signing any Supplement, amendment, modification or supplement to any Supplement or to any other Indenture Document, the Trustee shall be entitled to receive, if requested, an indemnity reasonably satisfactory to it and to receive and shall be fully protected in relying upon, an Officer’s Certificate of the Issuer and an Opinion of Counsel as conclusive evidence that such Supplement, amendment, modification or supplement to any Supplement or to any other Indenture Document, is authorized or permitted by this Base Indenture and the Transaction Documents and that all conditions precedent have been satisfied, and that it will be valid and binding upon the Issuer in accordance with its terms.

 

Section 13.7 Amendments and Fees.

 

The Issuer, the Control Party and the Controlling Class Representative shall negotiate any amendments, waivers or modifications to the Indenture or the other Transaction Documents that require the consent of the Control Party or the Controlling Class Representative in good faith, and any consent required to be given by the Control Party or the Controlling Class Representative shall not be unreasonably denied or delayed. The Control Party and the Controlling Class Representative shall be entitled to be reimbursed by the Issuer for any reasonable counsel fees and expenses incurred by the Control Party or the Controlling Class Representative in reviewing and approving any amendment or in providing any consents, and except as provided in the Control Party Agreement, neither the Control Party nor the Controlling Class Representative shall be entitled to any additional compensation in connection with any amendments or consents to this Base Indenture or to any Transaction Document.

 

Article XIV

MISCELLANEOUS

 

Section 14.1 Notices.

 

Any notice or communication by the Issuer, the Manager or the Trustee to any other party hereto or the Control Party shall be in writing and delivered in person, delivered by email, posted on a password protected website (for information specified in Section 4.4 only) or mailed by first-class mail (registered or certified, return receipt requested) facsimile or overnight air courier guaranteeing next day delivery, to such other party’s address; provided, however, any notice or communication to be delivered to the Trustee shall, if delivered by email, be delivered as a .pdf or other attachment to email including a manual authorized signature on such attached notice or communication:

 

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If to the Issuer:

 

FAT Brands Royalty I, LLC

c/o FAT Brands Inc.

9720 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 500

Beverly Hills, CA 90212

Attention: Andy Wiederhorn

Email:

Phone:

 

With a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Loeb & Loeb LLP

10100 Santa Monica Boulevard, Suite 2200

Los Angeles, CA 90067

Attention: Allen Z. Sussman

Email:

Phone:

 

Foley & Lardner LLP

111 Huntington Avenue, Suite 2500

Boston, MA 02199

Attn: Jamie N. Class

Email:

Phone:

 

If to the Manager:

 

FAT Brands Inc.

9720 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 500

Beverly Hills, CA 90212

Attention: Andy Wiederhorn

Email:

Phone:

 

With a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Loeb & Loeb LLP

10100 Santa Monica Boulevard, Suite 2200

Los Angeles, CA 90067

Attention: Allen Z. Sussman

Email:

Phone:

 

Foley & Lardner LLP

111 Huntington Avenue, Suite 2500

Boston, MA 02199

Attn: Jamie N. Class

Email:

Phone:

 

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If to the Back-Up Manager:

 

Vervent Inc.

10182 Telesis Court, Suite 300

San Diego, CA 92121

Attention: Larry Chiavaro

Email:

Phone:

 

If to the Control Party:

 

Citadel SPV LLC

85 Broad Street, 18th Floor

New York, New York 10004

Attention: Dewen Tarn

Email:

 

If to the Trustee:

 

UMB Bank, N.A.

100 William Street, Suite 1850

New York, NY 10038

Attention: Michele Voon

Email:

Phone:

 

If to the Rating Agency:

 

DBRS, Inc.

140 Broadway, 43rd Floor,

New York, New York 10005

Attention: Joshua Gatmaitan

Email:

Phone:

 

If to the Securitization Entities:

 

c/o FAT Brands Inc.

9720 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 500

Beverly Hills, CA 90212

Attention: Andy Wiederhorn

Email:

Phone:

 

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If to an Enhancement Provider: At the address provided in the applicable Enhancement Agreement.

 

(a) The Issuer or the Trustee by notice to each other party may designate additional or different addresses for subsequent notices or communications; provided, however, the Issuer may not at any time designate more than a total of three (3) addresses to which notices must be sent in order to be effective.

 

(b) Any notice (i) given in person shall be deemed delivered on the date of delivery of such notice, (ii) given by first class mail shall be deemed given five days after the date that such notice is mailed, (iii) delivered by facsimile shall be deemed given on the date of delivery of such notice, (iv) delivered by overnight air courier shall be deemed delivered one (1) Business Day after the date that such notice is delivered to such overnight courier, (v) when posted on a password-protected website shall be deemed delivered after notice of such posting has been provided to the recipient and (vi) delivered by email shall be deemed delivered on the date of delivery of such notice.

 

(c) Notwithstanding any provisions of the Indenture to the contrary, the Trustee shall have no liability based upon or arising from the failure to receive any notice required by or relating to the Indenture, the Notes or any other Transaction Document.

 

(d) If the Issuer delivers a notice or communication to Noteholders, it shall deliver a copy to the Back-Up Manager, the Control Party, the Controlling Class Representative and the Trustee at the same time.

 

(e) The Issuer shall provide to each Rating Agency a copy of each Opinion of Counsel and Officer’s Certificate delivered to the Trustee pursuant to a Transaction Document; provided that this clause (e) shall not apply in connection with a Series Refinancing Event to a Rating Agency rating the Notes issues in connection therewith.

 

(f) Where the Indenture provides for notice to Noteholders of any event, such notice shall be sufficiently given (unless otherwise herein expressly provided) if sent in writing and mailed, first-class postage prepaid, to each Noteholder affected by such event, at its address as it appears in the Note Register, not later than the latest date, and not earlier than the earliest date, prescribed (if any) for the giving of such notice. In any case where notice to a Noteholder is given by mail, neither the failure to mail such notice, nor any defect in any notice so mailed, to any particular Noteholder shall affect the sufficiency of such notice with respect to other Noteholders, and any notice which is mailed in the manner herein provided shall be conclusively presumed to have been duly given. Where the Indenture provides for notice in any manner, such notice may be waived in writing by any Person entitled to receive such notice, either before or after the event, and such waiver shall be the equivalent of such notice. Waivers of notice by Noteholders shall be filed with the Trustee, but such filing shall not be a condition precedent to the validity of any action taken in reliance upon such waiver. In the case by reason of the suspension of regular mail service or by reason of any other cause it shall be impracticable to give such notice by mail, then such notification as shall be made that is satisfactory to the Trustee shall constitute a sufficient notification for every purpose hereunder.

 

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(g) Notwithstanding any other provision herein, for so long as FAT Brands is the Manager, any notice, communication, certificate, report, statement or other information required to be delivered by the Manager to the Issuer, or by the Issuer to the Manager, shall be deemed to have been delivered to both the Issuer and the Manager if the Manager has prepared or is otherwise in possession of such notice, communication, certificate, report, statement or other information, and in no event shall the Manager or the Issuer be in breach of any delivery requirements hereunder for constructive delivery pursuant to this Section 14.1(h).

 

Section 14.2 Communication by Noteholders With Other Noteholders.

 

Noteholders may communicate with other Noteholders with respect to their rights under the Indenture or the Notes.

 

Section 14.3 Officer’s Certificate as to Conditions Precedent.

 

Upon any request or application by the Issuer to the Controlling Class Representative, the Control Party or the Trustee to take any action (other than, in the case of the Control Party or the Controlling Class Representative, any action expressly excluded from the satisfaction of such requirement) under the Indenture or any other Transaction Document, the Issuer to the extent requested by the Controlling Class Representative, the Control Party or the Trustee shall furnish to the Controlling Class Representative, the Control Party and the Trustee (a) an Officer’s Certificate of the Issuer in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Controlling Class Representative, the Control Party or the Trustee, as applicable (which shall include the statements set forth in Section 14.4), stating that all conditions precedent and covenants, if any, provided for in the Indenture or such other Transaction Documents relating to the proposed action have been complied with and (b) an Opinion of Counsel confirming the same. Such Opinion of Counsel shall be at the expense of the Issuer.

 

Section 14.4 Statements Required in Certificate.

 

Each Officer’s Certificate with respect to compliance with a condition or covenant provided for in the Indenture or any other Transaction Document shall include:

 

(a) a statement that the Person giving such certificate has read such covenant or condition;

 

(b) a brief statement as to the nature and scope of the examination or investigation upon which the statements contained in such certificate are based;

 

(c) a statement that, in the opinion of such Person, he has made such examination or investigation as is necessary to enable him to reach an informed opinion as to whether or not such covenant or condition has been complied with; and

 

(d) a statement as to whether or not such condition or covenant has been complied with.

 

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Section 14.5 Rules by the Trustee.

 

The Trustee may make reasonable rules for action by or at a meeting of Noteholders.

 

Section 14.6 Benefits of Indenture.

 

Except as set forth in a Series Supplement, nothing in this Base Indenture or in the Notes, expressed or implied, shall give to any Person, other than the parties hereto and their successors hereunder and the Holders and the other Secured Parties, any benefit or any legal or equitable right, remedy or claim under the Indenture.

 

Section 14.7 Timing of Payment or Performance.

 

In any case where any Quarterly Payment Date, redemption date or maturity date of any Note shall not be a Business Day, then (notwithstanding any other provision of the Indenture) payment of interest or principal (and premium, if any), as the case may be, need not be made on such date but may be made on the next succeeding Business Day with the same force and effect as if made on the Quarterly Payment Date, redemption date or maturity date; provided, however, that no interest shall accrue for the period from and after such Quarterly Payment Date, redemption date or maturity date, as the case may be. In addition, if the performance of any other covenant, duty or obligation is stated to be due or performance required on a day which is not a Business Day, the date of such performance shall extend to the next succeeding Business Day.

 

Section 14.8 Governing Law.

 

THIS BASE INDENTURE SHALL BE GOVERNED BY, AND CONSTRUED AND INTERPRETED IN ACCORDANCE WITH, THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK WITHOUT REGARD TO CONFLICTS OF LAW PRINCIPLES (OTHER THAN SECTIONS 5-1401 AND 5-1402 OF THE GENERAL OBLIGATIONS LAW OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK).

 

Section 14.9 Successors.

 

All agreements of the Issuer in the Indenture, the Notes and each other Transaction Document to which it is a party shall bind its successors and assigns; provided, however, the Issuer may not assign its obligations or rights under the Indenture or any other Transaction Document, except with the written consent of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative). All agreements of the Trustee in the Indenture shall bind its successors.

 

Section 14.10 Severability.

 

In case any provision in the Indenture, the Notes or any other Transaction Document shall be invalid, illegal or unenforceable, the validity, legality and enforceability of the remaining provisions shall not in any way be affected or impaired thereby.

 

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Section 14.11 Counterpart Originals.

 

The parties may sign any number of copies of this Base Indenture. Each signed copy shall be an original, but all of them together represent the same agreement.

 

Section 14.12 Table of Contents, Headings, etc.

 

The Table of Contents and headings of the Articles and Sections of the Indenture have been inserted for convenience of reference only, are not to be considered a part hereof, and shall in no way modify or restrict any of the terms or provisions hereof.

 

Section 14.13 No Bankruptcy Petition Against the Securitization Entities.

 

Each of the Noteholders, the Trustee and the other Secured Parties hereby covenants and agrees that, prior to the date which is one year and one day after the payment in full of the latest maturing Note, it will not institute against, or join with any other Person in instituting against, any Securitization Entity any arrangement or any Insolvency proceedings, or other proceedings, under any federal or state bankruptcy or similar law; provided, however, that nothing in this Section 14.13 shall constitute a waiver of any right to indemnification, reimbursement or other payment from the Securitization Entities pursuant to the Indenture or any other Transaction Document. In the event that any such Noteholder or other Secured Party or the Trustee takes action in violation of this Section 14.13, each affected Securitization Entity shall file or cause to be filed an answer with the bankruptcy court or otherwise properly contesting the filing of such a petition by any such Noteholder or Secured Party or the Trustee against such Securitization Entity or the commencement of such action and raising the defense that such Noteholder or other Secured Party or the Trustee has agreed in writing not to take such action and should be estopped and precluded therefrom and such other defenses, if any, as its counsel advises that it may assert. The provisions of this Section 14.13 shall survive the termination of the Indenture and the resignation or removal of the Trustee. Nothing contained herein shall preclude participation by any Noteholder or any other Secured Party or the Trustee in the assertion or defense of its claims in any such proceeding involving any Securitization Entity.

 

Section 14.14 Recording of Indenture.

 

If the Indenture is subject to recording in any appropriate public recording offices, such recording is to be effected by the Issuer and at its expense.

 

Section 14.15 Waiver of Jury Trial.

 

THE ISSUER, THE TRUSTEE AND BY ITS ACCEPTANCE OF A NOTE, EACH NOTEHOLDER, HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ANY AND ALL RIGHT TO TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY LEGAL PROCEEDING ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS BASE INDENTURE, THE NOTES, THE OTHER TRANSACTION DOCUMENTS OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY AND THEREBY.

 

Section 14.16 Submission to Jurisdiction; Waivers.

 

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The Issuer and the Trustee hereby irrevocably and unconditionally:

 

(a) submits for itself and its property in any legal action or proceeding relating to the Indenture and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party, or for recognition and enforcement of any judgment in respect thereof, to the non-exclusive general jurisdiction of the courts of the State of New York, sitting in New York County, the courts of the United States for the Southern District of New York, and appellate courts from any thereof;

 

(b) consents that any such action or proceeding may be brought in such courts and waives any objection that it may now or hereafter have to the venue of any such action or proceeding in any such court or that such action or proceeding was brought in an inconvenient court and agrees not to plead or claim the same;

 

(c) solely in the case of the Issuer, agrees that service of process in any such action or proceeding may be effected by mailing a copy thereof by registered or certified mail (or any substantially similar form of mail), postage prepaid, to the Issuer at its address set forth in Section 14.1 or at such other address of which the Trustee shall have been notified pursuant thereto;

 

(d) agrees that nothing herein shall affect the right to effect service of process in any other manner permitted by law or shall limit the right to sue in any other jurisdiction; and

 

(e) (without limiting the Issuer’s obligations pursuant to Section 10.5) waives, to the maximum extent not prohibited by law, any right it may have to claim or recover in any legal action or proceeding referred to in this Section 14.16 any special, exemplary, punitive or consequential damages.

 

Section 14.17 Permitted Asset Dispositions; Release of Collateral.

 

After consummation of a Permitted Asset Disposition, upon request of the Issuer (together with an Officer’s Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel, each stating that such release is authorized or permitted by the terms of the Transaction Documents and that all conditions precedent with respect thereto have been satisfied), the Trustee, at the written direction of the Control Party (acting at the direction of the Controlling Class Representative), shall execute and deliver to the Securitization Entities any and all documentation reasonably requested and prepared by the Securitization Entities at their expense to effect or evidence the release by the Trustee of the Secured Parties’ security interest in the property disposed of in connection with such Permitted Asset Disposition.

 

Section 14.18 Calculation of FAT Brands Leverage Ratio and Senior Leverage Ratio.

 

(a) FAT Brands Leverage Ratio. In the event that FAT Brands and/or the Securitization Entities incur, repay, repurchase or redeem any Indebtedness subsequent to the commencement of the period for which the FAT Brands Leverage Ratio is being calculated but prior to the event for which the calculation of the FAT Brands Leverage Ratio is made, then the FAT Brands Leverage Ratio shall be calculated giving pro forma effect to such incurrence, repayment, repurchase or redemption of Indebtedness, as if the same had occurred at the beginning of the applicable preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods (including in the case of any incurrence or issuance, a pro forma application of the net proceeds therefrom).

 

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For purposes of making the computation of the FAT Brands Leverage Ratio (including, without limitation the calculation of Covenant-Adjusted EBITDA used therein), investments, acquisitions, dispositions, mergers, amalgamations, consolidations, distributions and discontinued operations (as determined in accordance with GAAP), in each case with respect to any Person or an operating unit thereof, and any restructurings or reorganizations that any Person has made during the preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods or subsequent to such preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods and on or prior to or simultaneously with the date as of which such computation is made (each, for purposes of this Section 14.18(a), a “pro forma event”) shall be calculated on a pro forma basis assuming that all such investments, acquisitions, dispositions, mergers, amalgamations, consolidations, discontinued operations, distributions, restructurings and reorganizations (and the change in Covenant-Adjusted EBITDA resulting therefrom) had occurred on the first day of such preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods. If since the beginning of such period any Person that subsequently became (or was merged into) a FAT Brands Entity since the beginning of such preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods shall have made any investment, acquisition, disposition, merger, consolidation, distribution, discontinued operation, restructurings or reorganizations, in each case with respect to such Person and/or an operating unit thereof, that would have required adjustment pursuant to this Section 14.18(a), then the FAT Brands Leverage Ratio shall be calculated giving pro forma effect thereto for such period as if such investment, acquisition, disposition, discontinued operation, merger, consolidation, distribution, restructurings or reorganizations had occurred at the beginning of the applicable preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods. The Consolidated Net Income, FAT Brands Leverage Ratio, Consolidated Net Interest Expense and Covenant-Adjusted EBITDA of FAT Brands shall be calculated on a consolidated basis with the Securitization Entities (and not the Non-Securitization Entities).

 

For purposes of making the computation of the FAT Brands Leverage Ratio, whenever pro forma effect is to be given to any pro forma event, the pro forma calculations will be made in good faith by a responsible financial or accounting officer of the Manager. Any such pro forma calculation may include adjustments appropriate, in the reasonable good faith determination of the Manager as set forth in an Officer’s Certificate delivered to the Trustee (with respect to which the Trustee will have no obligation of any nature whatsoever) to reflect appropriate adjustments including (1) operating expense reductions and other operating improvements or synergies reasonably expected to result from the applicable pro forma event and (2) all adjustments of the nature used in connection with the calculation of “Covenant-Adjusted EBITDA,” to the extent such adjustments, without duplication, continue to be applicable to such preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods.

 

(b) Senior Leverage Ratio and DSCR. In the event that the Securitization Entities incur, repay, repurchase or redeem any Senior Notes and/or Senior Subordinated Notes subsequent to the commencement of the period for which the Senior Leverage Ratio, DSCR, Interest-Only DSCR or New Series Pro Forma DSCR is being calculated but prior to the event for which the calculation of such ratio is made, then such ratio shall be calculated giving pro forma effect to such incurrence, repayment, repurchase or redemption of Senior Notes and/or Senior Subordinated Notes, as if the same had occurred at the beginning of the applicable preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods (including in the case of any incurrence or issuance, a pro forma application of the net proceeds therefrom).

 

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For purposes of making the computation of the Senior Leverage Ratio, DSCR, Interest-Only DSCR or New Series Pro Forma DSCR (including, without limitation, the calculation of Net Cash Flow used therein), investments, acquisitions, dispositions, mergers, amalgamations, consolidations and discontinued operations (as determined in accordance with GAAP), in each case with respect to an operating unit of a business, and any restructurings or reorganizations that any of the Securitization Entities has made during the preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods or subsequent to such preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods and on or prior to or simultaneously with the date as of which such computation is made (each, for purposes of this Section 14.18(b), a “pro forma event”) shall be calculated on a pro forma basis assuming that all such investments, acquisitions, dispositions, mergers, amalgamations, consolidations, discontinued operations, restructurings and reorganizations (and the change in Net Cash Flow resulting therefrom) had occurred on the first day of such preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods. If since the beginning of such period any Person that subsequently became (or was merged into) a Securitization Entity since the beginning of such preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods shall have made any investment, acquisition, disposition, merger, consolidation, discontinued operation, restructurings or reorganizations, in each case with respect to an operating unit of a business, that would have required adjustment pursuant to this Section 14.18(b), then the Senior Leverage Ratio, DSCR, Interest-Only DSCR or New Series Pro Forma DSCR (including, without limitation, the calculation of Net Cash Flow used therein), as applicable, shall be calculated giving pro forma effect thereto for such period as if such investment, acquisition, disposition, merger, consolidation, restructurings or reorganizations had occurred at the beginning of the applicable preceding four Quarterly Fiscal Periods.

 

For purposes of making the computation of the Senior Leverage Ratio, DSCR, Interest-Only DSCR or New Series Pro Forma DSCR (including, without limitation, the calculation of Net Cash Flow used therein), whenever pro forma effect is to be given to any pro forma event, the pro forma calculations shall be made in good faith by a responsible financial or accounting officer of the Manager. Any such pro forma calculation may include adjustments appropriate, in the reasonable good faith determination of the Manager as set forth in an Officer’s Certificate delivered to the Trustee (with respect to which the Trustee shall have no obligation of any nature whatsoever) to reflect appropriate adjustments including (1) operating expense reductions and other operating improvements or synergies, reasonably expected to result from the applicable pro forma event and (2) all appropriate adjustments to the calculation of “Net Cash Flow,” in the good faith determination of the Manager.

 

[Signature Pages Follow]

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Issuer, the Trustee and the Securities Intermediary have caused this Base Indenture to be duly executed by its respective duly authorized officer as of the day and year first written above.

 

  FAT BRANDS ROYALTY I, LLC, as the Issuer
   
  By: FAT Brands Inc.
  Its: Manager
     
  By: /s/ Andrew Wiederhorn
  Name: Andrew Wiederhorn
  Title: Chief Executive Officer
     
  UMB BANK, N.A., in its capacity as Trustee and as Securities Intermediary
   
  By: /s/ Jenna Kaufman
  Name: Jenna Kaufman
  Title: Senior Vice President

 

FAT Brands - Base Indenture