10-Q 1 form10-q.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended April 1, 2018

 

OR

 

[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission file number 001-38250

 

FAT Brands Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   08-2130269
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

9720 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 500

Beverly Hills, CA 90212

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

(310) 402-0600

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [  ]
       
Non-accelerated filer [  ] (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company [X]
       
Emerging growth company [X]    

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). Yes [  ] No [X]

 

As of May 6, 2018 there were 10,153,600 shares of common stock outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAT BRANDS INC.

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

April 1, 2018

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I.   FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
Item 1.   Financial Statements (Unaudited) 1
       
    FAT Brands Inc. and Subsidiaries:
    Consolidated Balance Sheets 1
    Consolidated Statement of Operations 2
    Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity Deficiency 3
    Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows 4
    Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) 5
       
    Fatburger North America:  
    Balance Sheets 15
    Statements of Operations 16
    Statement of Stockholder’s Equity 17
    Statements of Cash Flows 18
    Notes to Financial Statements (Unaudited) 19
       
    Buffalo’s Franchise Concept Inc. and Subsidiary  
    Consolidated Balance Sheets 25
    Consolidated Statements of Operations 26
    Consolidated Statement of Stockholder’s Equity 27
    Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows 28
    Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) 29
       
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 35
Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 45
Item 4.   Controls and Procedures 45
       
PART II.   OTHER INFORMATION  
Item 1.   Legal Proceedings 46
Item 1A.   Risk Factors 46
Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 46
Item 3.   Defaults Upon Senior Securities 46
Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures 46
Item 5.   Other Information 46
Item 6.   Exhibits 47
     
SIGNATURES 48

 

 

 

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

 

FAT BRANDS INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(dollars in thousands, except share data)

 

    April 1, 2018     December 31, 2017  
      (Unaudited)       (Audited)  
Assets                
Current Assets                
Cash   $ 15     $ 32  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $734 and $699 for doubtful accounts, respectively     1,142       918  
Trade notes receivable, net of allowance of $17 for doubtful accounts     151       77  
Other current assets     233       153  
Total current assets     1,541       1,180  
                 
Trade notes receivable – noncurrent, net of allowance of $17 for doubtful accounts     260       346  
Due from affiliates     8,811       7,963  
Deferred income taxes     1,781       937  
Goodwill     7,356       7,356  
Other intangible assets, net     10,983       11,011  
Other assets     197       7  
Buffalo’s creative and advertising fund     -       436  
Total assets   $ 30,929     $ 29,236  
                 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficiency)                
Liabilities                
Accounts payable   $ 2,823     $ 2,439  
Deferred income     1,610       1,772  
Accrued expenses     2,607       1,761  
Accrued advertising     893       348  
Dividend payable     1,200       -  
Accrued interest payable to FCCG     -       405  
Other current liabilities     116       -  
Total current liabilities     9,249       6,725  
                 
Deferred income - noncurrent     5,441       1,941  
Notes payable to FCCG     17,468       18,125  
Buffalo’s creative and advertising fund-contra     -       436  
Total liabilities     32,158       27,227  
                 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)     -       -  
                 
Stockholders’ Equity (Deficiency)                
Common stock, $.0001 par value; 25,000,000 shares authorized; 10,000,000 shares issued and outstanding     2,747       2,622  
Accumulated deficit     (3,976 )     (613 )
Total stockholders’ equity (deficiency)     (1,229 )     2,009  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity (deficiency)   $ 30,929     $ 29,236  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 1 
 

 

FAT BRANDS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

(dollars in thousands, except share data)

 

For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 (Unaudited)

 

Revenue     
Royalties  $2,572 
Franchise fees   399 
Advertising fees   596 
Management fees   18 
Total revenue   3,585 
      
General and administrative expenses     
Compensation and employee benefits   1,331 
Travel and entertainment   124 
Professional fees   210 
Advertising expense   596 
Other   383 
Total general and administrative expenses   2,644 
      
Income from operations   941 
      
Non-operating income (expense)     
Interest expense, net   (214)
Depreciation and amortization   (33)
Other expense, net   (1)
Total non-operating expense   (248)
      
Income before taxes   693 
      
Income tax expense   184 
      
Net income  $509 
      
Basic income per common share  $0.05 
Basic weighted average shares outstanding   10,000,000 
Diluted income per common share  $0.05 
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding   10,000,000 
Cash dividends declared per common share  $0.12 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 2 
 

 

FAT BRANDS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIENCY)

(dollars in thousands, except share data)

 

    Common Stock     Accumulated        
    Shares     Amount     Deficit     Total  
                         
Balance at December 31, 2017     10,000,000     $ 2,622     $ (613 )   $ 2,009  
                                 
Cumulative-effect adjustment from adoption of ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers     -       -       (2,672 )     (2,672 )
Net income                     509       509  
Dividends on common stock     -       -       (1,200 )     (1,200 )
Share-based compensation     -       125       -       125  
                                 
Balance at April 1, 2018     10,000,000     $ 2,747     $ (3,976 )   $ (1,229 )

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 3 
 

 

FAT BRANDS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

(dollars in thousands)

 

For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 (Unaudited)

 

Cash flows from operating activities     
Net income  $509 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operations:     
Deferred income taxes   (32)
Provision for bad debts   (8)
Depreciation and amortization   33 
Share-based compensation   125 
Change in:     
Accounts receivable   (98)
Trade notes receivable   12 
Prepaid expenses   (121)
Accounts payables and accrued expense   901 
Accrued advertising   (45)
Accrued interest payable to FCCG   (405)
Deferred income   (146)
Total adjustments   216 
Net cash provided by operating activities   725 
      
Cash flows from investing activities     
Investment in equipment   (82)
Net cash used in investing activities   (82)
      
Cash flows from financing activities     
Repayments of loans from FCCG   (657)
Increase in due from affiliates   (47)
Deposit toward potential equity issue   44 
Net cash provided by financing activities   (660)
      
Net decrease in cash   (17)
Cash at beginning of period   32 
Cash at end of period  $15 
      
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:     
Cash paid for interest  $857 
Cash paid for income taxes  $- 
      
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing and investing activities:     
Assets acquired under capital lease   82 
Dividends on common stock   1,200 
Income taxes payable offset against amounts due from affiliates  $139 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 4 
 

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND RELATIONSHIPS

 

FAT Brands Inc. (the “Company”) was formed on March 21, 2017 as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Fog Cutter Capital Group Inc. (“FCCG”). On October 20, 2017, the Company completed an initial public offering and issued additional shares of common stock representing 20 percent of its ownership (the “Offering”). The net proceeds of the Offering were approximately $20,930,000 after deducting the selling agent fees and offering expenses. The Company’s common stock trades on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “FAT.”

 

Concurrent with the Offering, two subsidiaries of FCCG, Fatburger North America, Inc. (“Fatburger”) and Buffalo’s Franchise Concepts, Inc. (“Buffalo’s”) were contributed to the Company by FCCG in exchange for a $30,000,000 note payable (the “Related Party Debt”). FCCG also contributed the newly acquired operating subsidiaries of Homestyle Dining LLC: Ponderosa Franchising Company, Bonanza Restaurant Company, Ponderosa International Development, Inc. and Puerto Rico Ponderosa, Inc. (collectively, “Ponderosa”). These subsidiaries conduct the worldwide franchising of the Ponderosa Steakhouse Restaurants and the Bonanza Steakhouse Restaurants. The Company provided $10,550,000 of the net proceeds from the Offering to FCCG to consummate the acquisition of Homestyle Dining LLC.

 

The Company did not begin operations until October 20, 2017. As a result, prior year comparative results are not presented in the accompanying statement of operations and statement of cash flows.

 

At April 1, 2018, certain Company officers and directors controlled, directly or indirectly, a significant voting majority of the Company.

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Nature of operations – FAT Brands Inc. is a multi-brand franchising company specializing in fast casual restaurant concepts around the world through its subsidiaries: Fatburger, Buffalo’s and Ponderosa. Each subsidiary licenses the right to use its brand name and provides franchisees with operating procedures and methods of merchandising. Upon signing a franchise agreement, the franchisor is committed to provide training, some supervision and assistance, and access to operations manuals. As needed, the franchisor will also provide advice and written materials concerning techniques of managing and operating the restaurants.

 

Fatburger restaurants serve a variety of freshly made-to-order Fatburgers, Turkeyburgers, Chicken Sandwiches, Veggieburgers, French fries, onion rings, soft-drinks and milkshakes.

 

Buffalo’s grants franchises for the operation of casual dining restaurants (Buffalo’s Southwest Cafés) and quick service restaurants outlets (Buffalo’s Express). The restaurants specialize in the sale of Buffalo-Style chicken wings, chicken tenders, burgers, ribs, wrap sandwiches, and salads.

 

Ponderosa and Bonanza Steakhouses offer guests a high-quality buffet and broad array of great tasting, affordably-priced steak, chicken and seafood entrées. Buffets at Ponderosa and Bonanza Steakhouses feature a large variety of all you can eat salads, soups, appetizers, vegetables, breads, hot main courses and desserts. Bonanza Steak & BBQ operates full service steakhouses with fresh farm-to-table salad bar, including a menu showcase of USDA flame-grilled steaks, house-smoked BBQ and contemporized interpretations of traditional American classics.

 

The Company also co-brands its franchise concepts. These co-branded restaurants sell products of multiple affiliated brands and share back-of-the-house facilities.

 

Principles of consolidation – The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries: Fatburger, Buffalo’s and Ponderosa. Intercompany accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

 5 
 

 

Use of estimates in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements – The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates include the determination of fair values of certain financial instruments for which there is no active market, the allocation of basis between assets sold and retained, and valuation allowances for notes receivable and accounts receivable. Estimates and assumptions also affect the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Franchise revenue – Franchise fee revenue from the sale of individual franchises is recognized over the term of the individual franchise agreement. Unamortized non-refundable deposits collected in relation to the sale of franchises are recorded as deferred franchise fees. In addition to franchise fee revenue, the Company collects a royalty ranging from 0.75% to 6% of gross sales from restaurants operated by franchisees. Royalties are recorded as revenue as the related sales are made by the franchisees. Any royalties received prior to the related sales are deferred and recognized when earned. Costs relating to continuing franchise support are expensed as incurred.

 

The Company operates on a 52-week calendar and its fiscal year ends on the Sunday closest to December 31. Consistent with the industry practice, the Company measures its stores’ performance based upon 7-day work weeks. Using the 52-week cycle ensures consistent weekly reporting for operations and ensures that each week has the same days, since certain days are more profitable than others. The use of this fiscal year means a 53rd week is added to the fiscal year every 5 or 6 years. In a 52-week year, all four quarters are comprised of 13 weeks. In a 53-week year, one extra week is added to the fourth quarter.

 

Advertising – The Company requires advertising payments based on a percent of net sales from franchisees. The Company also receives, from time to time, payments from vendors that are to be used for advertising. Advertising funds collected are required to be spent for specific advertising purposes. Advertising revenue and associated expense is recorded on the statement of operations. Assets and liabilities associated with the related advertising fees are consolidated on the Company’s balance sheet.

 

Goodwill and other intangible assets – Intangible assets are stated at the estimated fair value at the date of acquisition and include goodwill, trademarks, and franchise agreements. Goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite lives, such as trademark, are not amortized but are reviewed for impairment annually or more frequently if indicators arise. All other intangible assets are amortized over their estimated weighted average useful lives, which range from nine to twenty-five years. Management assesses potential impairments to intangible assets at least annually, or when there is evidence that events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recovered. Judgments regarding the existence of impairment indicators and future cash flows related to intangible assets are based on operational performance of the acquired businesses, market conditions and other factors.

 

Accounts receivable – Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and are stated net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is the Company’s best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in the existing accounts receivable. The allowance is based on historical collection data and current franchisee information. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote.

 

Trade notes receivable – Trade notes receivable are created when an agreement to settle a delinquent franchisee receivable account is reached and the entire balance is not immediately paid. Generally, trade notes receivable include personal guarantees from the franchisee. The notes are made for the shortest time frame negotiable and will generally carry an interest rate of 6% to 7.5%. Reserve amounts on the notes are established based on the likelihood of collection.

 

Share-based compensation – The Company has a non-qualified stock option plan which provides for options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. Options issued under the plan may have a variety of terms as determined by the Board of Directors including the option term, the exercise price and the vesting period. Options granted to employees and directors are valued at the date of grant and recognized as an expense over the vesting period in which the options are earned. Cancellations or forfeitures are accounted for as they occur. Stock options issued to non-employees as compensation for services are accounted for based upon the estimated fair value of the stock option. The Company recognizes this expense over the period in which the services are provided. Management utilizes the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to determine the fair value of the stock options issued by the Company. See Note 9 for more details on the Company’s share-based compensation.

 

 6 
 

 

Income taxes – Effective October 20, 2017, the Company entered into a Tax Sharing Agreement with FCCG that provides that FCCG will, to the extent permitted by applicable law, file consolidated federal, California and Oregon (and possibly other jurisdictions where revenue is generated, at FCCG’s election) income tax returns with the Company and its subsidiaries. The Company will pay FCCG the amount that its tax liability would have been had it filed a separate return. As such, the Company accounts for income taxes as if it filed separately from FCCG.

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between financial reporting and tax reporting bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. Realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon future earnings, the timing and amount of which are uncertain.

 

We utilize a two-step approach to recognize and measure uncertain tax positions. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon tax authority examination, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon the ultimate settlement.

 

Earnings per share – The Company reports basic earnings per share in accordance with FASB ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share”. Basic earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus the effect of dilutive securities during the reporting period. All outstanding stock options and warrants to purchase common stock were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share for the period presented because none of those instruments currently have exercise prices below the market price of the shares.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue From Contracts With Customers (Topic 606), requiring an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods and services to customers. The updated standard replaces most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP. These standards became effective for the Company on January 1, 2018.

 

These standards require that the transaction price received from customers be allocated to each separate and distinct performance obligation. The transaction price attributable to each separate and distinct performance obligation is then recognized as the performance obligations are satisfied as specified in the contract. The agreements for services provided by the Company related to upfront fees received from franchisees (such as initial or renewal fees) do not currently contain separate and distinct performance obligations from the franchise right and thus those upfront fees will be recognized as revenue over the term of each respective franchise agreement. Previously, we recognized upfront franchise fees such as initial and renewal fees when the related services have been provided, which is when a store opened for initial fees and when renewal options became effective for renewal fees. These standards require any unamortized portion of fees received prior to adoption be presented in the consolidated balance sheet as a contract liability.

 

The new standards also had an impact on transactions previously not included in the Company’s revenues and expenses such as franchisee contributions to and subsequent expenditures from advertising arrangements we have with our franchisees. The Company did not previously include these contributions and expenditures in its consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. Under the new standards, the Company will recognize advertising fees and the related expense in its consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. The Company will also consolidate the assets and liabilities related to advertising fees on its balance sheet.

 

 7 
 

 

These standards will not impact the recognition of our sales-based royalties from franchisees, which is generally our largest source of revenue. We are implementing internal controls related to the recognition and presentation of the Company’s revenues under these new standards.

 

The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method, in which the cumulative effect of applying the standard would be recognized at the date of initial application. An adjustment to increase deferred revenue in the amount of $3,482,000 was established on the date of adoption relating to fees received through December 31, 2017 that would have been deferred and recognized over the term of each respective franchise store agreement if the new guidance had been applied in the past. A deferred tax asset of $810,000 related to this contract liability was also established on the date of adoption. These adjustments had the effect of increasing beginning accumulated deficit by approximately $2,672,000.

 

Adopting the new accounting standards for revenue affected several financial statement line items for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018. The following tables provide the affected amounts as reported in these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements compared with what they would have been if the previous accounting guidance had remained in effect.

 

As of April 1, 2018 (in thousands)

 

   

Amounts As

Reported

   

Amounts Under

Previous Accounting Guidance

 
Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheet:                
Accounts receivable   $ 1,142     $ 1,070  
Due from affiliates   $ 8,811     $ 8,086  
Deferred income taxes   $ 1,781     $ 969  
Accounts payable   $ 2,823     $ 2,446  
Deferred income   $ 7,051     $ 3,745  
Accrued advertising   $ 893     $ 493  
Accumulated deficit   $ (3,976 )   $ (1,482 )

 

For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 (in thousands except per share data)

 

   As Reported   Amounts Under Previous Accounting Guidance 
Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Operations:          
Franchise fees  $399   $222 
Advertising fees  $596   $- 
Advertising expense  $596   $- 
Net income  $509   $332 
Earnings per common share - basic  $0.05   $0.03 
Earnings per common share - diluted  $0.05   $0.03 

 

For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 (in thousands)

 

    As Reported     Amounts Under Previous Accounting Guidance  
Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows:                
Net income   $ 509     $ 332  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:                
Accounts receivable   $ (98 )   $ (152 )
Deferred income   $ (146 )     32
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   $ 901     $ 7
Accrued advertising   $ (44   $ 145
Increase in due from affiliates   $ (47 )     (123 )

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. The new guidance is intended to reduce diversity in practice in how transactions are classified in the statement of cash flows. This ASU is effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Accounting for Goodwill Impairment, which simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment. This ASU removes Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test, which requires hypothetical purchase price allocation. A goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill. The new guidance also requires disclosure of the amount of goodwill at reporting units with zero or negative carrying amounts. ASU 2017-04 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2020. We elected to early adopt this standard when performing our annual goodwill impairment test in 2017. The adoption of this ASU did not have a significant financial impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

 8 
 

 

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation — Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting. This standard provides clarification on when modification accounting should be used for changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. This standard does not change the accounting for modifications but clarifies that modification accounting guidance should only be applied if there is a change to the value, vesting conditions, or award classification and would not be required if the changes are considered non-substantive. The amendments in this ASU are effective beginning January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. This ASU is to be applied prospectively on and after the effective date. We adopted this ASU during 2017. The adoption of this ASU did not have a significant financial impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, requiring a lessee to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases with a lease term of more than twelve months. Leases will continue to be classified as either financing or operating, with classification affecting the recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease. This ASU is effective for interim and annual period beginning after December 15, 2018 and requires a modified retrospective approach to adoption for lessees related to capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 3. GOODWILL

 

Goodwill consists of the following (in thousands):

 

   April 1, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Goodwill:          
Fatburger  $529   $529 
Buffalo’s   5,365    5,365 
Ponderosa   1,462    1,462 
Total goodwill  $7,356   $7,356 

 

Note 4. OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Intangible assets consist of the following (in thousands):

 

   April 1, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Trademarks:          
Fatburger  $2,135   $2,135 
Buffalo’s   27    27 
Ponderosa   7,230    7,230 
Total trademarks   9,392    9,392 
           
Franchise agreements:          
Ponderosa – cost   1,640    1,640 
Ponderosa – accumulated amortization   (49)   (21)
    1,591    1,619 
Total  $10,983   $11,011 

 

The expected future amortization of the Company’s capitalized franchise agreements is as follows (in thousands):

 

Fiscal year:     
2018  $83 
2019   111 
2020   111 
2021   110 
2022   110 
Thereafter   1,066 
Total  $1,591 

 

 9 
 

 

Note 5. DEFERRED INCOME

 

Deferred income is as follows:

 

   April 1, 2018   December 31, 2017 
         
Deferred franchise fees   6,211   $2,781 
Deferred royalties   840    932 
Total  $7,051   $3,713 

 

Note 6. Income Taxes

 

Effective October 20, 2017, the Company entered into a Tax Sharing Agreement with FCCG that provides that FCCG will, to the extent permitted by applicable law, file consolidated federal, California and Oregon (and possibly other jurisdictions where revenue is generated, at FCCG’s election) income tax returns with the Company and its subsidiaries. The Company will pay FCCG the amount that its current tax liability would have been had it filed a separate return. To the extent the Company’s required payment exceeds its share of the actual combined income tax liability (which may occur, for example, due to the application of FCCG’s net operating loss carryforwards), the Company will be permitted, in the discretion of a committee of its board of directors comprised solely of directors not affiliated with or having an interest in FCCG, to pay such excess to FCCG by issuing an equivalent amount of its common stock in lieu of cash, valued at the fair market value at the time of the payment. In addition, an inter-company receivable of approximately $8,811,000 due from FCCG and its affiliates will be applied first to reduce excess income tax payment obligations to FCCG under the Tax Sharing Agreement.

 

For financial reporting purposes, the Company has recorded a tax provision calculated as if the Company files its tax returns on a stand-alone basis. The taxes payable to FCCG determined by this calculation of $139,000 was offset against amounts due from FCCG as of April 1, 2018 (see Note 8).

 

Deferred taxes reflect the net effect of temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for calculating taxes payable on a stand-alone basis. Significant components of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities are as follows (in thousands):

 

   April 1, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Deferred tax assets (liabilities)          
Deferred income  $1,758   $882 
Reserves and accruals   454    451 
Intangibles   (401)   (372)
Deferred state income tax   (49)   (25)
Loss carryforward   19    1 
Total  $1,781   $937 

 

Components of the income tax provision are as follows (in thousands):

 

   Thirteen Weeks 
   Ended April 1, 2018 
Current     
Federal  $140 
State   28 
Foreign   48 
    216 
Deferred     
Federal   (19)
State   (13)
    (32)
Total income tax provision  $184 

 

 10 
 

 

Income tax provision related to continuing operations differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory income tax rate of 21% to pretax income as follows (in thousands):

 

   April 1, 2018 
     
Tax provision at statutory rate  $146 
State and local income taxes   13 
Other   25 
Total income tax provision  $184 

 

As of April 1, 2018, the Company’s subsidiaries’ annual tax filings for the prior three years are open for audit by Federal and for the prior four years for state tax agencies. The Company is the beneficiary of indemnification agreements from the prior owners of the subsidiaries for tax liabilities related to periods prior to their contribution. Management evaluated the Company’s overall tax positions and has determined that no provision for uncertain income tax positions is necessary as of April 1, 2018.

 

Note 7. NOTE PAYABLE To FCCG

 

Effective October 20, 2017, FCCG contributed two of its operating subsidiaries, Fatburger and Buffalo’s, to the Company in exchange for an unsecured promissory note with a principal balance of $30,000,000, bearing interest at a rate of 10.0% per annum, and maturing in five years (the “Related Party Debt”). The contribution was consummated pursuant to a Contribution Agreement between the Company and FCCG. Approximately $12,532,000 of the note payable to FCCG was subsequently repaid, reducing the balance to $17,468,000 at April 1, 2018. The Company recognized interest expense of $452,000 for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018.

 

Note 8. Related Party Transactions

 

The Company had open accounts with affiliated entities under the common control of FCCG resulting in net amounts due to the Company of $8,811,000 as of April 1, 2018. Beginning October 20, 2017, the receivable from FCCG bears interest at a rate of 10% per annum. During the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, $233,000 of accrued interest income was added to the balance of the receivable from FCCG.

 

Prior to the Offering, the Company’s operations were insignificant other than structuring the Offering. During this time, FCCG provided executive administration and accounting services for the Company. The Company reimbursed FCCG for out-of-pocket costs associated with these services, but there was no allocation of FCCG’s overhead costs. Effective with the Offering, the Company assumed all direct and indirect administrative functions relating to its business.

 

During the period ending April 1, 2018, the Company recognized payables to FCCG in the amount of $139,000 for use of FCCG’s net operating losses for tax purposes (See Note 6).

 

Note 9. Stock based incentive plans

 

Effective September 30, 2017, the Company adopted the 2017 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). The Plan is a comprehensive incentive compensation plan under which the Company can grant equity-based and other incentive awards to officers, employees and directors of, and consultants and advisers to, FAT Brands Inc. and its subsidiaries. The Plan provides a maximum of 1,000,000 shares available for grant.

 

During the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, the Company granted stock options to purchase 25,000 shares under the Plan to employees, each with an exercise price equal to $12.00 per share and subject to a three-year vesting requirement, with one-third of the options vesting each year. Options that are not exercised will expire 10 years following the grant date.

 

The weighted average fair value of the non-qualified stock options granted during the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and the assumptions used in the Black-Scholes valuation model to record the stock-based compensation are as follows:

 

Weighted average fair value per option granted  $2.27 
Expected dividend yield   4.00%
Expected volatility   31.73%
Risk-free interest rate   1.60% - 2.39%
Expected term (in years)   5.75 
Weighted average exercise price per share  $12.00 

 

 11 
 

 

The Company’s stock option activity for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 can be summarized as follows:

 

   Number of Shares  

Weighted Average

Exercise Price

  

Weighted Average Remaining Contractual

Life (Years)

 
Stock options outstanding at December 31, 2017   362,500   $12.00    9.8 
Grants   25,000   $12.00    9.9 
Forfeited   (5,000)  $12.00    - 
Expired   -    -    - 
Stock options outstanding at April 1, 2018   382,500   $12.00    9.6 
Stock options exercisable at April 1, 2018   -           

 

The Company recognized share-based compensation expense in the amount of $125,000 during the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, with a related tax benefit of approximately $37,000. There remains $637,000 of related share-based compensation relating to these non-vested grants, which will be recognized over the remaining vesting period, subject to future forfeitures.

 

The Company does not have a specific policy regarding the source of shares to be delivered upon the exercise of stock options. As such, new shares may be issued or shares may be repurchased in the market. As of April 1, 2018, the Company did not expect to repurchase shares during the next fiscal year.

 

The above information does not include warrants to purchase 80,000 shares of the Company’s stock granted to the selling agent in the Company’s initial public offering (the “Common Stock Warrants”). The Common Stock Warrants are exercisable commencing April 20, 2018 through October 20, 2022. The exercise price for the Common Stock Warrants is $15 per share. The Common Stock Warrants provide that upon exercise, the Company may elect to redeem the Common Stock Warrants in cash by paying the difference between the applicable exercise price and the then-current fair market value of the common stock. At the time of the Offering, the Common Stock Warrants were valued at approximately $124,000, using the Black-Scholes model and the following assumptions: market price of shares: $12.00; risk free interest rate: 0.99%; expected volatility: 31.73%; expected dividend yield: 4%; and expected term: 5 years.

 

Note 10. DIVIDENDS ON COMMON STOCK

 

The Company’s Board of Directors declared an initial quarterly dividend of $0.12 per share of common stock, payable on April 16, 2018 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on March 30, 2018. The Company recorded the dividend payable in the amount of $1,200,000 on March 30, 2018. On April 16, 2018, FCCG elected to reinvest its dividend of $960,000 in newly issued common shares of the Company at $6.25 per share, the closing market price of the shares on that date. As a result, the Company issued 153,600 shares of common stock to FCCG in satisfaction of the dividend payable. The issuance of these shares to FCCG was exempt from registration under the Securities Act in reliance on Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and Rule 506 promulgated under Regulation D under the Securities Act as transactions by an issuer not involving a public offering. FCCG acquired the securities for investment only and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution thereof.

 

Note 11. Commitments and Contingencies

 

Litigation

 

The Company is involved in litigation in the normal course of business. The Company believes that the result of this litigation will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition.

 

Operating Leases

 

The Company leases corporate headquarters located in Beverly Hills, California comprising 5,478 square feet of space, pursuant to a lease that expires on April 30, 2020.

 

 12 
 

 

We believe that all our existing facilities are in good operating condition and adequate to meet our current and foreseeable needs.

 

Note 12. geographic information AND MAJOR FRANCHISEES

 

Revenues by geographic area are as follows (in thousands):

 

    April 1, 2018  
United States   $ 2,748  
Other countries     837  
Total revenues   $ 3,585  

 

Revenues are shown based on the geographic location of our licensees. All our assets are located in the United States.

 

During the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, no individual franchisee accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s revenues.

 

NOTE 13 – OPERATING SEGMENTS

 

Operating segments consist of (i) franchising operations conducted through Fatburger, (ii) franchising operations conducted through Buffalo’s and (iii) franchising operations conducted through Ponderosa. Each segment operates with its own management and personnel, with additional centralized support from the Company. The actual cost of the support provided by the Company is allocated to each operating segment. The following is a summary of each of the operating segments for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 (dollars in thousands):

 

   Fatburger   Buffalo’s   Ponderosa   Combined 
                 
Revenues                    
Royalties  $1,288   $313   $971   $2,572 
Franchise fees   384    4    11    399 
Advertising fees   316    140    140    596 
Management fees   18    -    -    18 
Total revenues   2,006    457    1,122    3,585 
                     
Expenses                    
General and administrative   1,154    354    912    2,420 
                     
Income from operations   852    103    210    1,165 
                     
Other income (expense)   78    148    (23)   203 
                     
Income before income tax expense  $930   $251   $187   $1,368 

 

Reconciliation to consolidated net income (in thousands)

 

    April 1, 2018  
       
Combined segment net income before taxes   $ 1,368  
Corporate general and administrative expenses     (224 )
Corporate other expense, net     (451 )
Income tax expense     (184 )
Net income   $ 509  

 

 13 
 

 

NOTE 14 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

Restaurant Openings and Closures

 

Subsequent to April 1, 2018, Fatburger franchisees have opened three additional franchise locations and closed two franchise locations. Buffalo’s and Ponderosa franchisees have not opened or closed any restaurants since April 1, 2018.

 

Senior Secured Redeemable Debentures

 

On April 27, 2018, the Company established a credit facility with TCA Global Credit Master Fund, LP, a Cayman Islands limited partnership (“TCA”). The Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with TCA, pursuant to which TCA agreed to lend the Company up to $5,000,000 through the purchase of Senior Secured Redeemable Debentures issued by the Company (the “Debentures”).

 

A total of $2,000,000 was funded by TCA in connection with the initial closing on April 27, 2018, and the Company issued to TCA an initial Debenture with a face amount of $2,000,000, maturing on October 27, 2019 and bearing interest at the rate of 15% per annum. The Company has the right to prepay the Debentures, in whole or in part, at any time prior to maturity without penalty. The Company will make interest only payments during the first four months, followed by fully amortizing payments for the balance of the term. The Company paid a commitment fee of 2% of issued Debentures for the facility, and agreed to pay an investment banking fee of $170,000. The Company used the net proceeds for working capital purposes and repayment of other indebtedness.

 

The amounts borrowed under the Purchase Agreement are guaranteed by the Company’s operating subsidiaries and by FCCG, pursuant to a Guaranty Agreement in favor of TCA. The Company’s obligations under the Debentures are also secured by a Security Agreement, granting TCA a security interest in substantially all of its assets. In addition, FCCG’s obligations under the Guaranty Agreement are secured by a pledge in favor of TCA of certain shares of common stock that Fog Cutter holds in the Company. During the term of the Purchase Agreement, the Company is prohibited from incurring additional indebtedness, with customary exceptions for ordinary course financing arrangements and subordinated indebtedness.

 

Dividend Payable

 

On April 16, 2018, FCCG elected to reinvest its dividend of $960,000 in newly issued common shares of the Company at $6.25 per share, the closing market price of the shares on that date. As a result, the Company issued 153,600 shares of common stock to FCCG in satisfaction of the dividend payable. The issuance of these shares to FCCG was exempt from registration under the Securities Act in reliance on Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and Rule 506 promulgated under Regulation D under the Securities Act as transactions by an issuer not involving a public offering. FCCG acquired the securities for investment only and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution thereof. (See Note 10)

 

 14 
 

 

FATBURGER NORTH AMERICA, INC.

 

Balance Sheets

April 1, 2018 and December 31, 2017

 

    April 1, 2018     December 31, 2017  
      (unaudited)       (audited)  
Assets                
Current assets                
Cash   $ 323     $ -  
Accounts receivable, net     534,012       472,430  
Other current assets     8,358       8,358  
Total current assets     542,693       480,788  
                 
Due from affiliates     7,575,871       7,172,833  
                 
Deferred income taxes     1,737,832       1,037,728  
                 
Trademarks     2,134,800       2,134,800  
                 
Goodwill     529,400       529,400  
Total assets   $ 12,520,596     $ 11,355,549  
                 
Liabilities and Stockholder’s Equity                
Current liabilities                
Deferred income   $ 1,178,689     $ 1,732,249  
Accounts payable     1,208,572       1,452,668  
Accrued advertising     492,665       348,454  
Accrued expenses     870,534       868,828  
               
Total current liabilities     3,750,460      

4,402,199

 
                 
Deferred income – noncurrent     5,242,128       1,605,500  
                 
Total liabilities     8,992,588       6,007,699  
                 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)                
                 
Stockholder’s equity                
Common stock, $.01 par value, 1,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding     10       10  
Additional paid-in capital     5,664,705       5,664,705  
Accumulated deficit     (2,136,707 )     (316,865 )
                 
Total stockholder’s equity     3,528,008       5,347,850  
                 
Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity   $ 12,520,596     $ 11,355,549  

 

The accompanying notes are integral part of these financial statements.

 

 15 
 

 

FATBURGER NORTH AMERICA, INC.

 

Statements of Income

For the Thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017

 

    Thirteen Weeks Ended  
    April 1, 2018     March 26, 2017  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
Revenues                
Royalties   $ 1,288,093     $ 1,153,467  
Franchise fees     383,548       795,016  
Advertising fees     316,598       -  
Management fees     17,500       15,000  
                 
Total revenues     2,005,739       1,963,483  
                 
General and administrative expenses                
General and administrative     837,160       580,213  
Advertising expense     316,598       -  
                 
Total general and administrative expenses     1,153,758       580,213  
                 
Income from operations     851,981       1,383,270  
                 
Non-operating income (expense)                
Interest income     78,957       -  
Depreciation and amortization     (365 )     -  
Other     (585 )     -  
Total non-operating income (expense)     78,007       -  
                 
Income before taxes     929,988       1,383,270  
                 
Income tax expense     224,579       496,531  
                 
Net income   $ 705,409     $ 886,739  
                 
Net income per common share - Basic   $ 705.41     $ 886.74  
                 
Shares used in computing net income per common share     1,000       1,000  

 

The accompanying notes are integral part of these financial statements.

 

 16 
 

 

FATBURGER NORTH AMERICA, INC.

 

Statement of Stockholder’s Equity

For the Thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018

 

   Common Stock   Additional Paid-In   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Total 
                     
Balance at December 31, 2017   1,000   $10   $5,664,705   $(316,865)  $5,347,850 
                          
Cumulative-effect adjustment from adoption of ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers   -    -    -    (2,525,251)   (2,525,251)
                          
Net income   -    -    -    705,409    705,409 
                          
Balance at April 1, 2018   1,000   $10   $5,664,705   $(2,136,707)  $3,528,008 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 

 

 17 
 

 

FATBURGER NORTH AMERICA, INC.

 

Statements of Cash Flows

For the Thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017

 

    Thirteen Weeks Ended  
    April 1, 2018     March 26, 2017  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
Cash flows from operating activities                
Net income   $ 705,409     $ 886,739  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:                
Deferred income taxes     (23,964 )     297,866  
Provision for bad debt expense     7,946       25,428  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     (69,528 )     (135,827 )
Other current assets             -  
Accounts payable     (244,096 )     55,395  
Accrued advertising     144,211       215,815  
Accrued expenses     1,706       (22,023 )
Deferred income     (118,323 )     (810,875 )
                 
Total adjustments     (302,048 )     (374,221 )
                 
Net cash provided by operating activities     403,361       512,518  
                 
Cash flows from financing activities                
Dividends paid     -       (500,000 )
Change in due from affiliates     (403,038 )     (12,518 )
                 
Net cash used in financing activities     (403,038 )     (512,518 )
                 
Net increase in cash     323       -  
Cash, beginning of period     -       -  
Cash, end of period   $ 323     $ -  
                 
Supplemental Disclosure of cash flow Information                
Cash paid for income taxes   $ 218     $ -  
Supplemental Disclosure of Noncash Investing and Financing Activities                
Income tax payable offset against amounts due from affiliates   $ 216,911     $ 204,504  

 

The accompanying notes are integral part of these financial statements.

 

 18 
 

 

FATBURGER NORTH AMERICA, INC.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the Thirteen Weeks Ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017

(unaudited)

 

Note 1. Nature of Business

 

Fatburger North America, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), was formed on March 28, 1990 and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of FAT Brands Inc. (“FAT”). Prior to its transfer to FAT on October 20, 2017, the Company was owned by Fog Cutter Capital Group Inc. (“FCCG”). FCCG owns the controlling interest in FAT. The Company was previously a subsidiary of Fatburger Holdings as the result of a stock purchase transaction in August 2001 and was transferred to FCCG on March 24, 2011.

 

The Company franchises and licenses the right to use the Fatburger name, operating procedures and method of merchandising to franchisees. Upon signing a franchise agreement, the Company is committed to provide training, some supervision and assistance, and access to Operations Manuals. As needed, the Company will also provide advice and written materials concerning techniques of managing and operating the restaurants. The franchises are operated under the name “Fatburger.” Each franchise agreement term is typically for 15 years with two additional 10-year options available. Additionally, the Company conducts a multi-market advertising campaign to enhance the corporate name and image, which is funded through advertising revenues received from its franchisees and to a lesser extent, other restaurant locations owned and operated by subsidiaries of FCCG.

 

As of April 1, 2018, there were 153 franchise restaurant locations operated by third parties in Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, Washington, Canada, China, UAE, the UK, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan, Philippines, Indonesia, Panama, Malaysia, Qatar and Tunisia (the Franchisees).

 

Note 2. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying interim financial statements included herein have been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. However, the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to prevent the information presented from being misleading. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere herein.

 

The information provided in this report reflects all adjustments (consisting solely of normal, recurring items) that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to present fairly the financial position and the results of operations for the periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for a full year.

 

The accompanying balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date included elsewhere herein.

 

Accounts Receivable: Accounts receivable consist primarily of royalty and advertising fees from franchisees reduced by reserves for the estimated amount deemed uncollectible due to bad debts. As of April 1, 2018 and December 31, 2017, allowance for doubtful accounts was $554,874 and $546,928, respectively.

 

Credit and Depository Risks: Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and accounts receivable. The Company’s customer base consists of franchisees located in Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, Washington, Canada, China, UAE, the UK, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan, Philippines, Indonesia, Panama, Malaysia, Qatar and Tunisia. Management reviews each of its customer’s financial conditions prior to signing a franchise agreement and believes that it has adequately provided for any exposure to potential credit losses.

 

 19 
 

 

The Company maintains cash deposits in national financial institutions. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes its cash balances are not exposed to significant risk of loss.

 

Compensated Absences: Employees of FCCG who provide reimbursed services to the Company earn vested rights to compensation for unused vacation time. Accordingly, the Company accrues the amount of vacation compensation that employees have earned but not yet taken at the end of each fiscal year.

 

Revenue Recognition: Franchise fee revenue from the sale of individual franchises is recognized over the term of the individual franchise agreement. Unamortized non-refundable deposits collected in relation to the sale of franchises are recorded as deferred franchise fees. In addition to franchise fee revenue, the Company collects a royalty ranging from 3% to 6% of gross sales from restaurants operated by franchisees. Royalties are recorded as revenue as the related sales are made by the franchisees. Any royalties received prior to the related sales are deferred and recognized when earned. Costs relating to continuing franchise support are expensed as incurred.

 

Typically, franchise fees are $50,000 for each domestic location and are collected 50% upon signing a deposit agreement and 50% at the signing of a lease and related franchise agreement. International franchise fees are typically $65,000 for each location and are payable 100% upon signing a deposit agreement. The franchise fee may be adjusted at management’s discretion or in situations involving store transfers. Deposits are nonrefundable upon acceptance of the franchise application. In the event that franchisees default on their development timelines for opening franchise stores, the franchise rights are terminated and franchise fee revenue is recognized in the amount of the remaining non-refundable deposits.

 

During the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, two franchise locations were opened and three were closed or otherwise left the franchise system. Both new franchise locations opened in California. Of the closed locations, two were closed in the UAE and one was closed in Pakistan. During the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017, six franchise locations were opened and four were closed or otherwise left the franchise system. Of the new franchise locations, two were in California, and one each were in Canada, China, Qatar and the UK. Of the closed franchise locations, one each were in Hawaii, Washington, Indonesia and the UAE.

 

In addition to franchise fee revenue, the Company collects a royalty of 3% to 6% of net sales from its franchisees. Royalties are recognized as revenue as the related sales are made by the franchisees. Royalties collected in advance are classified as deferred income until earned.

 

Advertising: The Company requires advertising payments of 1.95% of net sales from Fatburger restaurants located in the Los Angeles marketing area and up to 2.00% of net sales from stores located outside of the Los Angeles marketing area. International locations pay 0.20% to 2.00%. The Company also receives, from time to time, payments from vendors that are to be used for advertising. Advertising funds are required to be spent for specific advertising purposes. Advertising revenue and associated expense is recorded on the statement of operations. Assets and liabilities associated with advertising fees are consolidated on the Company’s balance sheet.

 

Income Taxes: The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability approach. The asset and liability approach requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities. Deferred taxes are classified as current or noncurrent, depending on the classification of the assets and liabilities to which they relate.

 

Income Per Common Share: Income per share data was computed using the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during each year.

 

Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Segment information: The Company has international and domestic licensed operations. Our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) is our Chief Executive Officer; our CODM reviews financial performance and allocates resources at an overall level on a recurring basis. Therefore, Management has determined that the Company has one operating segment and one reportable segment.

 

 20 
 

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards: In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue From Contracts With Customers (Topic 606), requiring an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods and services to customers. The updated standard replaces most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP. These standards became effective for the Company on January 1, 2018.

 

These standards require that the transaction price received from customers be allocated to each separate and distinct performance obligation. The transaction price attributable to each separate and distinct performance obligation is then recognized as the performance obligations are satisfied as specified by the contract. The agreements for services provided by the Company related to upfront fees received from franchisees (such as initial or renewal fees) do not currently contain separate and distinct performance obligations from the franchise right and thus those upfront fees will be recognized as revenue over the term of each respective franchise agreement. Previously, we recognized upfront franchise fees such as initial and renewal fees when the related services have been provided, which is when a store opened for initial fees and when renewal options became effective for renewal fees. These standards require any unamortized portion of fees received prior to adoption be presented in the consolidated balance sheet as a contract liability.

 

The new standards also had an impact on transactions previously not included in the Company’s revenues and expenses such as franchisee contributions to and subsequent expenditures from advertising arrangements we have with our franchisees. The Company did not previously include these contributions and expenditures in its consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. Under the new standards, the Company will recognize advertising fees and the related expense in its consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. The Company will also consolidate the assets and liabilities related to advertising fees on its balance sheet.

 

These standards will not impact the recognition of our sales-based royalties from franchisees, which is generally our largest source of revenue. We are implementing internal controls related to the recognition and presentation of the Company’s revenues under these new standards.

 

The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method, in which the cumulative effect of applying the standard would be recognized at the date of initial application. An adjustment to increase deferred revenue in the amount of $3,201,000 was established on the date of adoption relating to fees received through December 31, 2017 that would have been deferred and recognized over the term of each respective franchise store agreement if the new guidance had been applied in the past. A deferred tax asset of $676,000 related to this contract liability was also established on the date of adoption. These adjustments had the effect of increasing beginning retained deficit by approximately $2,525,000.

 

Adopting the new accounting standards for revenue affected several financial statement line items for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018. The following tables provide the affected amounts as reported in these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements compared with what they would have been if the previous accounting guidance had remained in effect.

 

As of April 1, 2018

 

   Amounts As Reported   Amounts Under Previous Accounting Guidance 
Unaudited Balance Sheet:          
Deferred income taxes  $1,737,832   $1,061,691 
Deferred income  $6,420,817   $3,381,306 
Accumulated (deficit) earnings  $(2,136,707)  $226,663 

 

 21 
 

 

For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018

 

   As Reported  

Amounts Under Previous

Accounting

Guidance

 
Unaudited Statement of Operations:          
Franchise fees  $383,548   $221,667 
Advertising fees  $316,598   $- 
Advertising expense  $316,598   $- 
Net income  $705,409   $543,528 
Earnings per common share - basic  $705.41   $543.53 
Earnings per common share - diluted  $705.41   $543.53 

 

For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 (in thousands)

 

   As Reported   Amounts Under Previous Accounting Guidance 
Unaudited Statement of Cash Flows:          
Net income  $705,409   $543,528 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Deferred income  $(118,323)  $43,557

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. The new guidance is intended to reduce diversity in practice in how transactions are classified in the statement of cash flows. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and the Company adopted the standard effective January 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards:

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, requiring a lessee to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases with a lease term of more than twelve months. Leases will continue to be classified as either financing or operating, with classification affecting the recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease. This ASU is effective for interim and annual period beginning after December 15, 2018. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 is not expected to have a significant effect on the Company’s financial statements.

 

Note 3. DEFERRED INCOME

 

Deferred income is as follows:

 

   April 1, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Deferred franchise fees  $5,580,592   $2,438,000 
Deferred royalties   840,225    899,749 
           
Total  $6,420,817   $3,337,749 
           
Deferred income – current  $1,178,689   $1,732,249 
Deferred income – noncurrent   5,242,128    1,605,500 
           
Total  $6,420,817   $3,337,749 

 

 22 
 

 

Note 4. Income Taxes

 

The Company files its Federal and most state income tax returns on a consolidated basis with FCCG. For financial reporting purposes, the Company has recorded a tax provision calculated as if the Company files all of its tax returns on a stand-alone basis. The taxes payable to FCCG determined by this calculation of $216,911 and $204,504 were offset against amounts due from affiliates as of April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017, respectively (see Note 5).

 

Deferred taxes reflect the net effect of temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for calculating taxes payable on a stand-alone basis. Significant components of the Company’s deferred tax assets are as follows:

 

   April 1, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Current deferred tax assets (liabilities)          
Deferred franchise fees and royalties  $1,489,861   $778,827 
Allowances and accurals   285,209    280,895 
State tax accrual   (37,238)   (21,994)
Total  $1,737,832   $1,037,728 

 

Components of the income tax provision are as follows:

 

   Thirteen weeks Ended 
   April 1, 2018   March 26, 2017 
Current          
Federal  $216,913   $204,504 
State   25,101    7,437 
Foreign   6,529    (13,276)
    248,543    198,665 
Deferred          
Federal   (21,944)   276,133 
State   (2,020)   21,733 
    (23,964)   297,866 
Total income tax provision  $224,579   $496,531 

 

Income tax provision related to continuing operations differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory income tax rate of 21% and 34% to pretax loss as follows for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017, respectively:

 

   Thirteen weeks Ended 
   April 1, 2018   March 26, 2017 
Statutory rate   21%   34%
State and local income taxes   2%   1%
Other   1%   - 
Effective tax rate   24%   35%

 

As of April 1, 2018, the Company’s annual tax filings for the prior three years are open for audit by Federal and for the prior four years for state tax agencies. Management evaluated the Company’s overall tax positions and has determined that no provision for uncertain income tax positions is necessary as of April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017.

 

Note 5. Related Party Transactions

 

The Company had open accounts with affiliated entities under the common control of FCCG resulting in net amounts due to the Company of $7,575,871 and $7,172,833 as of April 1, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

Effective in 2012, FCCG’s operations were structured in such a way that significant direct and indirect administrative functions were provided to the Company. These services include operational personnel to sell franchise rights, assist with training franchisees and assisting franchises with opening restaurants. FCCG also provided executive administration and accounting services for the Company.

 

Prior to becoming a subsidiary of FAT Brands, the Company reimbursed FCCG for these expenses in the approximate amounts of $317,949 for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017. Management reviewed the expenses recorded at FCCG and identified the common expenses that shall be allocated to the subsidiaries. These expenses were allocated based on an estimate of management’s time spent on the activities of FCCG and its subsidiaries, and further allocated among the subsidiaries pro rata based on each subsidiary’s respective revenues as a percentage of overall revenues of the subsidiaries. The Company believes that the allocation of expenses is not materially different from what it would have been if the Company was a stand-alone entity.

 

 23 
 

 

During the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017, the Company recognized payables to FCCG in the amount of $216,911 and $204,504, respectively, for use of FCCG’s net operating losses for tax purposes.

 

Note 6. Commitments and Contingencies

 

The Company is involved in litigation in the normal course of business. The Company believes that the result of this litigation will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition.

 

Note 7. geographic information AND MAJOR FRANCHISEES

 

Revenues by geographic area are as follows:

 

    Thirteen weeks Ended  
    April 1, 2018     March 26, 2017  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
             
United States   $ 1,379,892     $ 851,722  
Other countries     625,847       1,111,761  
Total revenues   $ 2,005,739     $ 1,963,483  

 

Revenues are shown based on the geographic location of our licensees. All of our assets are located in the United States.

 

During the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, no franchisee accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s revenues. During the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017, two franchisees each accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s revenues, with total revenues of $362,328 and $220,643.

 

 24 
 

 

BUFFALO’S FRANCHISE CONCEPTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

April 1, 2018 and December 31, 2017

 

    April 1, 2018     December 31, 2017  
    (unaudited)     (audited)  
Assets                
Current assets                
Cash   $ -     $ -  
Accounts receivable, net     89,941       54,893  
Other current assets     11       11  
Total current assets     89,952       54,904  
                 
Due from affiliates     1,628,497       1,010,915  
Deferred tax assets     152,258       72,887  
Trademarks     27,000       27,000  
Goodwill     5,365,100       5,365,100  
Buffalo’s Creative and Advertising Fund     -       435,514  
Total assets   $ 7,262,807     $ 6,966,320  
                 
Current liabilities                
Accounts payable   $ 469,406     $ 181,665  
Accrued expenses     150,913       120,599  
Accrued advertising     145,857       -  
Deferred income     37,999       39,889  
Total current liabilities     804,175       342,153  
                 
Deferred income – noncurrent     354,938       212,924  
Buffalo’s Creative and Advertising Fund - contra     -       435,514  
Total liabilities     1,159,113       990,591  
                 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)                
                 
Stockholder’s equity                
Common stock, $.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized     -       -  
Additional paid-in capital     5,938,217       5,938,217  
Retained earnings     165,477       37,512  
Total stockholder’s equity     6,103,694       5,975,729  
Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity     7,262,807       6,966,320  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 25 
 

 

BUFFALO’S FRANCHISE CONCEPTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations

For the Thirteen and Thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017

 

    Thirteen weeks Ended  
    April 1, 2018     March 26, 2017  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
             
Revenues                
Royalties   $ 312,938     $ 308,271  
Franchise fees     4,447       105,000  
Advertising fees     139,490       -  
Total revenues     456,875       413,271  
                 
Expenses                
General and administrative     214,655       139,737  
Advertising expense     139,490       -  
Total expenses     354,145       139,737  
                 
Income from operations     102,730       273,534  
                 
Other income     148,203       200  
                 
Income before taxes     250,933       273,734  
                 
Income tax expense     70,612       96,244  
                 
Net income   $ 180,321     $ 177,490  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 26 
 

 

BUFFALO’S FRANCHISE CONCEPTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

 

Consolidated Statement of Stockholder’s Equity

For the Thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018

 

   Common Stock   Retained     
   Shares   Amount   Earnings   Total 
                 
Balance at December 31, 2017   -   $5,938,217   $37,512   $5,975,729 
                     
Cumulative-effect adjustment from adoption of ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers      -    -    (52,356)   (52,356)
                     
Net income   -    -    180,321    180,321 
                     
Balance at April 1, 2018   -   $5,938,217   $165,477   $6,103,694 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 27 
 

 

BUFFALO’S FRANCHISE CONCEPTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the Thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017

 

    Thirteen weeks Ended  
    April 1, 2018     March 26, 2017  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
Cash flows from operating activities                
Net income   $ 180,321     $ 177,490  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows provided by operating activities:                
Deferred income taxes     24,969       39,823  
Changes in current operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     48,854       (4,898 )
Accounts payable and accrued liability     73,024       (2,849 )
Accrued advertising     (106,261 )     -  
Deferred income     (16,572 )     (117,125 )
Total adjustments     24,014       (85,049 )
Net cash flows provided by operating activities     204,335       92,441  
                 
Cash flows from financing activities                
Advances to affiliates     204,335       7,559  
Dividend distribution     -       (100,000 )
Net cash flows used in financing activities     204,335       (92,441 )
                 
Net decrease in cash     -       -  
                 
Cash, beginning of period     -       -  
                 
Cash, end of period   $ -     $ -  
                 
Supplemental Disclosure of cash flow Information                
Cash paid for income taxes   $ -     $ -  
                 
Supplemental Disclosure of Noncash Investing and Financing Activities                
Income tax payable offset against amounts due from affiliates   $ 32,959     $ 56,422  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 28 
 

 

BUFFALO’S FRANCHISE CONCEPTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017

(unaudited)

 

Note 1. Nature of business

 

Buffalo’s Franchise Concepts, Inc. is a Nevada corporation formed in June 2006. On December 8, 2006, the Nevada corporation acquired all of the issued and outstanding common stock of Buffalo’s Franchise Concepts, Inc., a Georgia corporation (BFCI-GA), which became a wholly-owned subsidiary. On November 28, 2011, all of the issued and outstanding stock of the Nevada corporation was acquired by Fog Cap Development LLC (Fog Cap), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Fog Cutter Capital Group Inc. (FCCG). On October 20, 2017, FCCG contributed 100% of the outstanding stock of the Nevada corporation to FAT Brands Inc. (FAT). FCCG is the controlling shareholder of FAT.

 

Buffalo’s Franchise Concepts, Inc., through its wholly-owned subsidiary, grants store franchise and development agreements for the operation of casual dining restaurants (Buffalo’s Southwest Cafés) and quick service restaurants outlets (Buffalo’s Express). The restaurants specialize in the sale of Buffalo-Style chicken wings, chicken tenders, burgers, ribs, wrap sandwiches, and salads. Franchisees are licensed to use the Company’s trade name, service marks, trademarks, logos, and unique methods of food preparation and presentation.

 

In 2012, FCCG began co-branding its Buffalo’s Express restaurants with Fatburger restaurants, FCCG’s other fast casual brand. These co-branded restaurants sell products of both brands and share back-of-the-house facilities.

 

At April 1, 2018, there were 18 operating Buffalo’s Southwest Cafés restaurants and 78 co-branded Buffalo’s Express restaurants. All of these restaurants were franchise locations except for one Buffalo’s Southwest Café restaurant which was owned by an affiliate. At March 26, 2017, there were 19 operating Buffalo’s Southwest Cafés restaurants and 66 co-branded Buffalo’s Express restaurants.

 

Note 2. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. However, the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to prevent the information presented from being misleading. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere herein.

 

The information provided in this report reflects all adjustments (consisting solely of normal, recurring items) that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to present fairly the financial position and the results of operations for the periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for a full year.

 

The accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date included elsewhere herein.

 

Principles of Consolidation: The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Buffalo’s Franchise Concepts, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Buffalo’s Franchise Concepts, Inc., a Georgia corporation, (collectively, the Company). All significant intercompany accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Accounts Receivable: Accounts receivable consist primarily of royalty and advertising fees from franchisees reduced by reserves for the estimated amount deemed uncollectible due to bad debts. As of April 1, 2018 and December 31, 2017, allowance for doubtful accounts was $74,699 and $15,616, respectively.

 

Credit and Depository Risks: The Company maintains its cash accounts at high credit quality financial institutions. The balances, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes its cash balances are not exposed to significant risk of loss.

 

 29 
 

 

The Company’s customer base consists of franchisees located in Georgia, Texas, California, Canada, the UK, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Tunisia, Malaysia, Panama and the Philippines. Management reviews each of its customer’s financial conditions prior to signing a franchise agreement and believes that it has adequately provided for any exposure to potential credit losses.

 

Revenue Recognition: Franchise fee revenue from the sale of individual franchises is recognized over the term of the franchise agreement. Unamortized non-refundable deposits collected in relation to the sale of franchises are recorded as deferred franchise fees. Typically, franchise fees are $50,000 for each domestic location and are collected 50% upon signing a deposit agreement and 50% at the signing of a lease and related franchise agreement. International franchise fees are typically $65,000 for each location, and are payable 100% upon signing a deposit agreement. The Company typically charges a $25,000 co-brand conversion fee.

 

The franchise fee may be adjusted at management’s discretion or in a situation involving store transfers. Deposits are non-refundable upon acceptance of the franchise application. These deposits are recorded as deferred income – current and noncurrent based upon the expected franchise restaurant opening dates. The Company acknowledges some of its franchisees have not compiled with their development timelines for opening franchise stores. These franchise rights are terminated and franchise fee revenue is recognized for non-refundable deposits.

 

In addition to franchise fee revenue, the Company collects a royalty calculated as a percentage of net sales from its franchisees. Royalties are recognized as revenue when the related sales are made by the franchisees. Any royalties received prior to the related sales are deferred and recognized when earned. Costs relating to continuing franchise support are expensed as incurred.

 

During 2008 and 2009, the Company received a total of $500,000 from a franchisee of three restaurants in exchange for an exclusive area agreement for ten counties in the state of Georgia and reduced service fees for the franchisee’s restaurants for a ten-year period. The franchisee is required to open four new franchise restaurants in the exclusive territory during the ten-year term of the agreement.

 

The deferred fee is being amortized into income ratably over the ten-year term. Service fee revenues recognized in each of the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017 pursuant to the agreement were $12,125. As of April 1, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there remained deferred fees of $20,208 and $32,333, respectively, relating to the exclusive area agreement.

 

Advertising: The Company generally requires advertising payments of 2.0% of net sales from Buffalo’s Southwest Café restaurants. Co-branded restaurants generally pay 0.20% to 1.95%. The Company also receives, from time to time, payments from vendors that are to be used for advertising. Advertising funds are required to be spent for specific advertising purposes. Advertising revenue and associated expense is recorded on the statement of operations. Assets and liabilities associated with advertising fees are consolidated on the Company’s balance sheet.

 

Segment information: The Company owns international and domestic licensed operations. Our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) is our Chief Executive Officer; our CODM reviews financial performance and allocates resources at an overall level on a recurring basis. Therefore, Management has determined that the Company has one operating segment and one reportable segment.

 

Income Taxes: The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability approach. The asset and liability approach requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities. Deferred taxes are classified as current or noncurrent, depending on the classification of the assets and liabilities to which they relate.

 

Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires the use of estimates in determining assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Actual results may differ from those estimates.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards: In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue From Contracts With Customers (Topic 606), requiring an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods and services to customers. The updated standard replaces most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP. These standards became effective for the Company on January 1, 2018. 

 

 30 
 

 

These standards require that the transaction price received from customers be allocated to each separate and distinct performance obligation. The transaction price attributable to each separate and distinct performance obligation is then recognized as the performance obligations are satisfied as specified by the contract. The agreements for services provided by the Company related to upfront fees received from franchisees (such as initial or renewal fees) do not currently contain separate and distinct performance obligations from the franchise right and thus those upfront fees will be recognized as revenue over the term of each respective franchise agreement. Previously, we recognized upfront franchise fees such as initial and renewal fees when the related services have been provided, which is when a store opened for initial fees and when renewal options became effective for renewal fees. These standards require any unamortized portion of fees received prior to adoption be presented in the consolidated balance sheet as a contract liability.

 

The new standards also had an impact on transactions previously not included in the Company’s revenues and expenses such as franchisee contributions to and subsequent expenditures from advertising arrangements we have with our franchisees. The Company did not previously include these contributions and expenditures in its consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. Under the new standards, the Company will recognize advertising fees and the related expense in its consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. The Company will also consolidate the assets and liabilities related to advertising fees on its balance sheet.

 

These standards will not impact the recognition of our sales-based royalties from franchisees, which is generally our largest source of revenue. We are implementing internal controls related to the recognition and presentation of the Company’s revenues under these new standards.

 

The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method, in which the cumulative effect of applying the standard would be recognized at the date of initial application. An adjustment decreasing retained earnings of $52,356 was established on the date of adoption resulting from an increase in deferred revenue of $156,696 for the franchise fees received through December 31, 2017 that would have been deferred and recognized over the term of each respective franchise store agreement if the new guidance had been applied in the past. An offsetting deferred tax asset of $104,340 related to this contract liability was also established on the date of adoption.

 

Adopting the new accounting standards for revenue affected several financial statement line items for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018. The following tables provide the affected amounts as reported in these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements compared with what they would have been if the previous accounting guidance had remained in effect.

 

As of April 1, 2018 (in thousands)

 

   Amounts As Reported   Amounts Under Previous Accounting Guidance 
Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheet:          
Accounts receivable  $89,941   $58,710 
Deferred income taxes  $152,258   $47,918 
Due from affiliates  $1,628,497   $1,214,329 
Buffalo’s Creative and Advertising Fund  $-   $448,394 
Buffalo’s Creative and Advertising Fund-Contra  $-   $(448,394)
Accounts payable  $469,406   $189,820 
Deferred income  $392,937   $231,794 
Accrued advertising  $145,857   $- 
Retained earnings  $165,477   $222,280 

 

For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018

 

   As Reported   Amounts Under Previous Accounting Guidance 
Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Operations:          
Franchise fees  $4,447   $- 
Advertising fees  $139,490   $- 
Advertising expense  $139,490   $- 
Net income  $180,321   $175,874 

 

 31 
 

For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 (in thousands)

 

    As Reported     Amounts Under Previous Accounting Guidance  
Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows:                
Net income   $ 180,321     $ 175,874  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:                
Accounts receivable   $ 48,854     $ (3,817 ) 
Deferred income   $ (16,572 )   $ (21,019 )
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   $ 73,024     $ 8,155
Accrued advertising   $ (106,261 )   $ -  
Advances to affiliates   $ 204,335     $ (203,414 )

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. The new guidance is intended to reduce diversity in practice in how transactions are classified in the statement of cash flows. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and the Company adopted the standard effective January 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards:

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, requiring a lessee to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases with a lease term of more than twelve months. Leases will continue to be classified as either financing or operating, with classification affecting the recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease. This ASU is effective for interim and annual period beginning after December 15, 2018. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 is not expected to have a significant effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 3. DEFERRED INCOME

 

Deferred income is as follows:

 

   April 1, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Deferred franchise fees  $392,937   $252,813 
Deferred royalties   -    - 
           
Total  $392,937   $252,813 
           
Deferred income – current  $37,999   $39,889 
Deferred income – noncurrent   354,938    212,924 
           
Total  $392,937   $252,813 

 

Note 4. Related party transactions

 

The Company had open accounts with affiliated entities under the common control of FCCG resulting in net amounts due to the Company of $1,628,497 and $1,010,915 as of April 1, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. These advances are expected to be recovered through repayment for the use of FCCG’s tax net operating losses, and to a lesser extent from proceeds generated by the affiliates operations and investments.

 

 32 
 

 

Effective in 2013, FCCG’s operations were structured in such a way that significant direct and indirect administrative functions were provided to the Company. These services include operational personnel to sell franchise rights, assist with training franchisees and assisting franchisees with opening restaurants. FCCG also provides executive administration and accounting services for the Company. Expenses are allocated based on an estimate of management’s time spent on the activities of FCCG and its subsidiaries, and further allocated among the subsidiaries pro rata based on each subsidiary’s respective revenues as a percentage of overall revenues of the subsidiaries. These expenses were approximately $66,000 for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017 and were reimbursed to FCCG in cash. The Company believes that the allocation of expenses is not materially different from what it would have been if the Company was a stand-alone entity. This practice with FCCG was discontinued when the Company became a subsidiary of FAT Brands.

 

During the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017, the Company recorded obligations to FCCG in the amount of $32,959 and $56,422 for use of FCCG’s net operating losses for tax purposes, respectively.

 

Note 5. Income taxes

 

The Company files its Federal and most state income tax returns on a consolidated basis with FCCG. For financial reporting purposes, the Company calculates its tax provision as if the Company files its tax returns on a stand-alone basis. The taxes payable to FCCG determined by this calculation of $32,959 and $56,422 were offset against the balances due from affiliates as of April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017, respectively.

 

Deferred taxes reflect the net effect of temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for calculating taxes payable on a stand-alone basis.

 

Significant components of the Company’s net deferred tax assets are as follows:

 

   April 1, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)          
Deferred franchise fees and royalties  $155,266   $71,670 
State income tax   (8,756)   (3,990)
Reserves and accruals   5,748    5,207 
Total  $152,258   $72,887 

 

Components of the income tax provision are as follows:

 

   Thirteen weeks Ended 
   April 1, 2018   March 26, 2017 
Current          
Federal  $32,959   $56,422 
State   12,684    - 
    45,643    56,422 
Deferred          
Federal   17,926    23,332 
State   7,043    16,490 
    24,969    39,822 
Total income tax expense  $70,612   $96,244 

 

Income tax provision related to continuing operations differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory income tax rate of 21% and 34% to pretax loss as follows for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017, respectively:

 

   Thirteen weeks Ended 
   April 1, 2018   March 26, 2017 
Statutory rate   21%   34%
State and local income taxes   6%   -%
Other   1%   -%
Effective tax rate   28%   34%

 

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As of April 1, 2018, the Company’s annual tax filings for the prior three years are open for audit by Federal and for the prior four years for state tax agencies. Management evaluated the Company’s overall tax positions and has determined that no provision for uncertain income tax positions is necessary as of April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017.

 

Note 6. Buffalo’s creative and advertising fund

 

Under the terms of its franchise agreements, the Company collects fees for creative development and advertising from its franchisees based on percentages of sales as outlined in franchise agreements. The Company is to oversee all advertising and promotional programs and is to have sole discretion over expenditures from the fund.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements reflect the year-end balance of the advertising fund and the related advertising obligation, which were $435,514 at December 31, 2017. Effective January 1, 2018, the assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses of the advertising fund were fully consolidated with the Company. (See Note 2)

 

Note 7. commitments AND CONTINGENCIES

 

The Company is involved in litigation in the normal course of business. The Company believes that the result of this litigation will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition.

 

Note 8. Retirement plan

 

The Company has a profit sharing plan (the Plan) with a 401(k) feature covering substantially all employees. There were no contributions made by the Company under the Plan for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017.

 

Note 9. geographic location and major franchisees

 

Revenues by geographic area are as follows:

 

    Thirteen weeks Ended  
    April 1, 2018     March 26, 2017  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
United States   $ 395,102     $ 250,808  
Other countries     61,773       162,463  
Total revenues   $ 456,875     $ 413,271  

 

Revenues are shown based on the geographic location of our licensees. All of our assets are located in the United States.

 

During the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, two franchisees each accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s revenues, with total revenues of $101,297 and $93,111. During the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017, three franchisees each accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s revenues, with total revenues of $130,814, $59,776 and $54,804.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto, which appear elsewhere herein.

 

Executive Overview

 

Business overview

 

FAT Brands Inc. is a multi-brand restaurant franchising company that develops, markets, and acquires predominantly fast casual restaurant concepts around the world. As a franchisor, we generally do not own or operate restaurant locations, but rather generate revenue by charging franchisees an initial franchise fee as well as ongoing royalties. Since it requires relatively small investments in tangible assets, this franchisor model provides the opportunity for strong profit margins and an attractive free cash flow profile while minimizing restaurant operating company risk such as long-term real estate commitments or significant capital investments. Our scalable management platform enables us to add new franchise and restaurant concepts to our portfolio with minimal incremental corporate overhead cost, while taking advantage of significant corporate overhead synergies. The acquisition of additional brands and restaurant concepts as well as expansion of our existing brands are key elements of our growth strategy.

 

FAT Brands Inc. was formed on March 21, 2017 as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Fog Cutter Capital Group Inc. (“FCCG”). On October 19, 2017, we conducted a forward split of our common stock, par value $0.0001, which increased shares held by FCCG to 8,000,000 shares. On October 20, 2017, we completed our initial public offering and issued 2,000,000 additional shares of our common stock at an offering price of $12.00 per share, for an aggregate amount of $24,000,000 (the “Offering”). The net proceeds of the Offering were approximately $20,930,000 after deducting the selling agent fees of $1,853,000 and Offering expenses of $1,217,000. Our common stock trades on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “FAT.”

 

Concurrent with the closing of the Offering, we completed the following transactions:

 

  FCCG contributed two of its operating subsidiaries, Fatburger North America Inc. and Buffalo’s Franchise Concepts Inc., to us in exchange for an unsecured promissory note with a principal balance of $30,000,000, bearing interest at a rate of 10.0% per annum and maturing in five years (the “Related Party Debt”). The contribution was consummated pursuant to a Contribution Agreement between us and FCCG.
     
  In March 2017, FCCG agreed to acquire Homestyle Dining LLC from Metromedia Company and its affiliate pursuant to a Membership Interest Purchase Agreement, as amended, which provided for a cash purchase price of $10,550,000 to be paid at closing. Effective October 20, 2017, we provided $10,550,000 of the net proceeds from the Offering to FCCG to consummate the acquisition of Homestyle Dining LLC. In exchange, we received full ownership in the Homestyle Dining operating subsidiaries: Ponderosa Franchising Company, Bonanza Restaurant Company, Ponderosa International Development, Inc. and Puerto Rico Ponderosa, Inc. (collectively, “Ponderosa”). These subsidiaries conduct the worldwide franchising of the Ponderosa Steakhouse Restaurants and the Bonanza Steakhouse Restaurants.

 

On November 14, 2017, we entered into a Membership Interest Purchase Agreement (the “Agreement”) to purchase the membership interests of Hurricane AMT, LLC, a Florida limited liability corporation (“Hurricane”), for a purchase price of $12,500,000. Hurricane is the franchisor of Hurricane Grill & Wings and Hurricane BTW Restaurants. The original Hurricane Grill & Wings opened in Fort Pierce, Florida in 1995 and has expanded to over 60 restaurant locations in Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, New York, and Texas.

 

We operate on a 52-week or 53-week fiscal year ending on the last Sunday of the calendar year. In a 52-week fiscal year, each quarter contains 13 weeks of operations; in a 53-week fiscal year, each of the first, second and third quarters includes 13 weeks of operations and the fourth quarter includes 14 weeks of operations, which may cause our revenue, expenses and other results of operations to be higher due to an additional week of operations. The thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 was a 53-week fiscal year.

 

Fatburger and Buffalo’s were historically under a cost-sharing and reimbursement arrangement with FCCG. After the transfer of these entities to our control, the cost-sharing and reimbursement arrangement with FCCG was terminated and all employees were moved to FAT Brands Inc. or our subsidiaries as appropriate. The historical financial statements are expected to be consistent with the new FAT Brands Inc. entity, in that reimbursement expense and direct employee costs both appear under general and administrative expenses and are expected to be materially the same amounts going forward.

 

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Operating segments

 

As of April 1, 2018, we franchise the Fatburger, Buffalo’s and Ponderosa /Bonanza restaurant concepts with 279 total locations across 23 states and 18 countries. While our existing footprint covers 18 countries in which we have franchised restaurants open and operational as of April 1, 2018, our overall footprint (including development agreements for proposed stores in new markets and countries where our brands previously had a presence that we intend to resell to new franchisees) covers 27 countries. For each of our current restaurant brands and those that we will seek to acquire, the ability to expand the overall concept footprint, both domestically and internationally, is of critical importance and a primary acquisition evaluation criterion. We believe that our restaurant concepts have meaningful growth potential and appeal to a broad base of consumers globally.

 

Our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) is our Chief Executive Officer. Our CODM reviews financial performance and allocates resources at an overall level on a recurring basis. However, each of our restaurant concepts is significant to our operations and is consistently evaluated individually. Therefore, management has determined that the Company has three operating and reportable segments.

 

Our operating segments are:

 

  The Fatburger Franchise Division which includes our worldwide operations of the Fatburger concept.
  The Buffalo’s Franchise Division which includes our worldwide operations of the Buffalo’s Café and Buffalo’s Express concepts.
  The Ponderosa Franchise Division which includes our worldwide operations of the Bonanza and Ponderosa Steakhouse concepts.

 

Key Performance Indicators

 

To evaluate the performance of our business, we utilize a variety of financial and performance measures, which are typically calculated on a system-wide basis. These key measures include new store openings, average unit volumes and same-store sales growth in addition to the general income statement line items such as revenues, general and administrative expenses, income before income tax expense and net income.

 

New store openings - The number of new store openings reflects the number of franchised restaurant locations opened during a reporting period. The total number of new stores per year and the timing of stores openings has, and will continue to have, an impact on our results.

 

Average unit volumes - Average Unit Volumes (“AUV”) for any 12-month period consist of the average sales of all stores over that period that have been open a full year. Average unit volumes are calculated by dividing total sales from all stores open a full year by the number of stores open during that period. The measurement of AUVs allows us to assess changes in guest traffic and per transaction patterns at our stores.

 

Same-store sales growth - Same-store sales growth reflects the change in year-over-year sales for the comparable store base, which we define as the number of stores open for at least one full fiscal year. Given our focused marketing efforts and public excitement surrounding each opening, new stores often experience an initial start-up period with considerably higher than average sales volumes, which subsequently decrease to stabilized levels after three to six months. Thus, we do not include stores in the comparable store base until they have been open for at least one full fiscal year. We expect that this trend will continue for the foreseeable future as we continue to open and expand into new markets.

 

Results of Operations

 

Results of Operations of FAT Brands Inc.

 

The following table summarizes key components of our combined results of operations for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, which includes the operating results of Fatburger, Buffalo’s and Ponderosa from January 1, 2018 through April 1, 2018. Because this is our initial full year of operation, comparative information is not available.

 

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(In thousands)

For the Thirteen Weeks Ended

 

   April 1, 2018 
     
Statement of operations data:     
      
Revenues     
Royalties  $2,572 
Franchise fees   399 
Advertising fees   596 
Management fee   18 
Total revenues   3,585 
      
General and administrative expenses   2,644 
      
Income from operations   941 
      
Other expense   (248)
      
Income before income tax expense   693 
      
Income tax expense   184 
      
Net income  $509 

 

Net Income - Net income for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 totaled $509,000 consisting of revenues of $3,585,000 less general and administrative expenses of $2,644,000, other expense of $248,000 and income taxes of $184,000.

 

Revenues - Revenues consist of royalties, franchise fees, advertising fees and management fees. We had revenues of $3,585,000 for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018. Royalties totaled $2,572,000; Franchise fees totaled $399,000; Advertising fees totaled $596,000 and management fees were $18,000.

 

General and Administrative Expenses - General and administrative expenses consist primarily of compensation costs. For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, our general and administrative expenses totaled $2,644,000 and included compensation costs of $1,331,000 and advertising expense of $596,000.

 

Other Expense – Other expense for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 totaled $248,000 and consisted primarily of net interest expense of $214,000.

 

Income Tax Expense – We recorded a provision for income taxes of $184,000 for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018.

 

Results of Segment Operations of Fatburger

 

Fatburger was historically under control of FCCG and is a predecessor of FAT Brands for financial reporting purposes. The following table summarize key components of the results of operations for our Fatburger segment for the periods indicated:

 

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(In thousands)

 

   For the thirteen weeks ended: 
   April 1, 2018   March 26, 2017 
         
Statement of operations data:          
           
Revenues          
Royalties  $1,288   $1,153 
Franchise fees   384    795 
Advertising fees   316    - 
Management fee   18    15 
Total revenues   2,006    1,963 
           
General and administrative expenses   1,154    580 
           
Income from operations   852    1,383 
           
Other income   78    - 
           
Income before income tax expense   930    1,383 
           
Income tax expense   225    496 
           
Net income  $705   $887 

 

For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 Compared to the thirteen weeks Ended March 26, 2017

 

Net Income - Net income of Fatburger for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 decreased by $182,000 or 21% to $705,000 compared to $887,000 for the thirteen months ended March 26, 2017. The decrease was primarily attributable to lower recognized franchise fees in the amount of $411,000 and an increase in non-advertising related operating expenses of $258,000, partially offset by a reduction in the provision for income taxes of $271,000, an increase in royalty revenue of $135,000 and an increase in other income of $78,000.

 

Revenues - Fatburger’s revenues consist of royalties, franchise fees, advertising fees and management fees. Fatburger had revenues of $2,006,000 and $1,963,000 for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017, respectively. The modest increase was comprised of an increase in recognized advertising fees of $316,000 during the 2018 period and an increase in royalties in the amount of $135,000. These increases were partially offset by decreases in recognized franchise fees during 2018. These variances were significantly affected by the adoption of Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue From Contracts With Customers (Topic 606) on January 1, 2018. For more information on the effect of the change in accounting standard, see Note 2 in the accompanying financial statements for Fatburger.

 

General and Administrative Expenses - General and administrative expenses of Fatburger consist primarily of payroll, consulting fees and, prior to the Offering, an allocation of corporate overhead from FCCG. General and administrative expenses for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 increased $574,000 or 99% to $1,154,000, as compared to $580,000 for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017. This was primarily the result of the recognition in 2018 of advertising fees in the amount of $316,000 from the adoption of ASU 2014-09 and increased compensation costs.

 

Other Income – Other income during the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 consisted primarily of net interest earned on intercompany receivables from FCCG in the amount of $79,000. The intercompany accounts began earning interest on October 20, 2017, so there was no comparable interest income for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017.

 

Income tax expense – Income tax expense decreased $271,000 or 55% during the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 compared to the prior year. The reduction in tax expense resulted from a combination of lower income before taxes and a lower tax rate. On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJ Act”) was enacted into law and reduced the corporate tax rate from 34% to 21%.

 

New Store Openings - For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, our Fatburger franchisees opened 2 stores as compared to 6 stores for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017.

 

Same-store Sales Growth - Same-store sales in our core domestic market (representing approximately 69% of revenues for 2017) grew by positive 9.6% for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, compared to growth of 2.3% for the for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017. Overall Fatburger same-store sales, including international stores in their local currency were positive 6.3% for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and negative 5.1% for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017. The biggest factors for the increase in same store sales systemwide are increased sales from third-party delivery platforms, particularly in California, as well as launch of the Impossible Burger domestically. International same-store sales have also stabilized due to strengthening macroeconomic conditions in Canada from the increase in oil prices.

 

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Results of Segment Operations of Buffalo’s.

 

Buffalo’s was historically under control of FCCG and is a predecessor of FAT Brands for financial reporting purposes.

 

The following table summarize key components of the results of operations for our Buffalo’s segment for the periods indicated:

 

(In thousands)

 

   For the thirteen weeks ended: 
   April 1, 2018   March 26, 2017 
         
Statement of operations data:          
           
Revenues          
Royalties  $313   $308 
Franchise fees   4    105 
Advertising fees   140    - 
Total revenues   457    413 
           
General and administrative expenses   354    140 
           
Income from operations   103    273 
           
Other income   148    - 
           
Income before income tax expense   251    273 
           
Income tax expense   71    96 
           
Net income  $180   $177 

 

For the Thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 as Compared to the Thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017.

 

Net Income – Buffalo’s net income for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 increased slightly to $180,000, compared to $177,000 for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017. A decrease in income from operations of $170,000 was offset by an increase in other income of $148,000 and a reduction in income tax expense of $25,000.

 

Revenues – Buffalo’s revenues consist of royalties, advertising fees and recognized franchise fees. Buffalo’s had revenues of $457,000 and $413,000 for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and March 26, 2017, respectively. The increase in revenue of $44,000 or 11%, is primarily the result of the recognition of advertising fees beginning in 2018 in the amount of $140,000. This increase was partially reduced by lower recognized franchise fees in the amount of $101,000 during the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 compared with the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017. These variances were significantly affected by the adoption of Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue From Contracts With Customers (Topic 606) on January 1, 2018. For more information on the effect of the change in accounting standard, see Note 2 in the accompanying consolidated financial statements for Buffalo’s.

 

General and Administrative Expenses – General and administrative expenses for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 increased by $214,000 or 153% to $354,000 as compared to $140,000 for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017. This was primarily the result of the recognition in 2018 of advertising expenses in the amount of $140,000 from the adoption of ASU 2014-09.

 

Other Income – Other income, consisting of interest income on loans to affiliates, totaled $148,000 for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018. Interest began accruing on these loans in October 2017. As a result, there was no comparable income during the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017.

 

Income tax expense – We recorded a provision for income taxes of $71,000 for thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, compared to an expense for the prior year period of $96,000. The $25,000 decrease is primarily the result of a reduction in the corporate tax rate which became effective on December 22, 2017 under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJ Act”).

 

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New Store Openings – There were no new stores opened by our Buffalo’s Cafe franchisees during the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, as compared to two new seasonal stores opened for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017.

 

Same-store Sales Growth – Same-store sales for Buffalo’s Cafe were negative 0.9% for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 and negative 3.9% for the thirteen weeks ended March 26, 2017. The softening in positive same-store sales for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 was primarily attributable to adverse weather conditions in the Atlanta area in the first quarter of 2018, which had a negative effect on customer traffic.

 

Results of Segment Operations of Ponderosa

 

We were not affiliated with the Ponderosa entities until they became our wholly-owned subsidiaries on October 20, 2017. Accordingly, only the financial results of Ponderosa which occurred subsequent to FCCG’s contribution are presented. Comparison information for periods prior to our ownership are not presented.

 

The following table summarizes key components of the results of operations of our Ponderosa segment for the period indicated:

 

(In thousands)

For the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018

 

Statement of operations data:        
         
Revenues        
Royalties   $ 971  
Franchise fees     11  
Advertising fees     140  
Total revenues     1,122  
         
General and administrative expenses     912  
         
Income from operations     210  
         
Other expense     (23 )
         
Income before income tax expense     187  
         
Income tax expense     21  
         
Net income   $ 166  

 

Net Income - Net income of Ponderosa for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 was $166,000.

 

Revenues - Ponderosa’s revenues consist of royalties, advertising fees and franchise fees. Ponderosa had revenues of $1,122,000 for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018, including royalties of $971,000 and advertising fees of $140,000.

 

General and Administrative Expense - General and administrative expense of Ponderosa consists primarily of payroll costs and advertising expense. General and administrative expenses for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 totaled $912,000 of which $606,000 was payroll related and $140,000 was for advertising.

 

New Store Openings - There were no new stores opened by our Ponderosa franchisees during the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018.

 

Same-store Sales Growth – Domestic same-store sales for Ponderosa were negative 2.5% for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018. Overall systemwide same-store sales were positive 1.2% for the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018.

 

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Changes in Financial Condition

 

Overview

 

Our assets, liabilities and stockholders’ equity as of April 1, 2018 can be summarized as follows:

 

    (dollars in thousands)  
Total assets   $ 30,929  
Total liabilities   $ 32,158  
Total stockholders’ equity   $ (1,229 )

 

The significant components of our balance sheet are as follows:

 

Cash

 

Our cash balance was $15,000 as of April 1, 2018. Significant sources and uses of cash during the thirteen weeks ended April 1, 2018 included:

 

  We received $725,000 of cash provided by operations – comprised primarily of our net income of $509,000, adjusted for non-cash items.
  We used $657,000 to partially repay the Related Party Debt to FCCG.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable consist primarily of royalty and advertising fees from franchisees reduced by reserves for the estimated amount deemed uncollectible due to bad debts. As of April 1, 2018, our accounts receivable totaled $1,142,000 which was net of $734,000 in reserves.

 

Trade Notes Receivable

 

Trade notes receivable are created when the settlement of a delinquent franchisee receivable account is reached and the entire balance is not immediately paid. Notes receivable generally include personal guarantees from the franchisee. The notes are made for the shortest time frame negotiable and will generally carry an interest rate of 6% to 7.5%. Reserve amounts, on the notes, are established based on the likelihood of collection. As of April 1, 2018, notes receivable totaled $411,000, which is net of reserves of $34,000.

 

Due from Affiliates

 

We had open accounts with affiliated entities under the common control of FCCG resulting in net amounts due to us of $8,811,000 as of April 1, 2018. Effective October 20, 2017, the advances began to earn interest at a rate of 10% per annum. These advances are expected to be recovered from credits for the use of FCCG’s tax net operating losses and from repayments by the affiliates from proceeds generated by their operations and investments.

 

Goodwill and Net Intangible Assets

 

   April 1, 2018 
   (dollars in thousands) 
Goodwill – Fatburger acquisition  $529 
Goodwill – Buffalo’s acquisition   5,365 
Goodwill – Ponderosa acquisition   1,462 
Total goodwill  $7,356 
      
Net intangible assets – Fatburger   2,135 
Net intangible assets – Buffalo’s   27 
Net intangible assets – Ponderosa   8,821 
Total net intangible assets  $10,983 

 

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Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities totaled $5,430,000 at April 1, 2018 and consisted of the following: