10-12G/A 1 a17-9112_11012ga.htm 10-12G/A

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As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 23, 2017

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Amendment No. 3

to

 

FORM 10

 

GENERAL FORM FOR REGISTRATION OF SECURITIES
PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR 12(g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Flat Rock Capital Corp.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Maryland

 

82-0894786

(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

1350 Avenue of the Americas, 18th Floor
New York, NY

 

10019

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

(212) 596-3413

 

with copies to:

 

Owen J. Pinkerton, Esq.
Morris, Manning & Martin, LLP
1401 Eye Street, N.W.
Washington, DC  20005
(202) 408-5146

 

Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

None

 

Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share
(Title of class)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer o

Accelerated filer o

Non-accelerated filer x
(Do not check if a smaller
reporting company)

 

 

 

 

 

 Smaller reporting company o

 Emerging growth company x

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. x

 

 

 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Explanatory Note

 

i

 

 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

ii

 

 

 

Item 1. Business

 

1

 

 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

19

 

 

 

Item 2. Financial Information

 

36

 

 

 

Item 3. Properties

 

41

 

 

 

Item 4. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

 

41

 

 

 

Item 5. Directors and Executive Officers

 

42

 

 

 

Item 6. Executive Compensation

 

46

 

 

 

Item 7. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

46

 

 

 

Item 8. Legal Proceedings

 

47

 

 

 

Item 9. Market Price of and Dividends on the Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

 

48

 

 

 

Item 10. Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

48

 

 

 

Item 11. Description of Registrant’s Securities to be Registered

 

48

 

 

 

Item 12. Indemnification of Directors and Officers

 

54

 

 

 

Item 13. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

55

 

 

 

Item 14. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

56

 

 

 

Item 15. Financial Statements and Exhibits

 

56

 



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EXPLANATORY NOTE

 

Flat Rock Capital Corp. is filing this Registration Statement on Form 10 (the “Registration Statement”) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “1934 Act”), on a voluntary basis to permit it to file an election to be regulated as a business development company, (a “BDC”), under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”) and to provide current public information to the investment community. In this Registration Statement, the “Company,” “Flat Rock Capital,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refers to Flat Rock Capital Corp., a Maryland corporation. References to our “Adviser” or “Flat Rock Global” refers to Flat Rock Global, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company that will serve as our investment adviser.

 

Once this Registration Statement has been deemed effective, we will be subject to the requirements of Section 13(a) of the 1934 Act, including the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, which will require us, among other things, to file annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and current reports on Form 8-K, and we will be required to comply with all other obligations of the 1934 Act applicable to issuers filing registration statements pursuant to Section 12(g) of the 1934 Act.

 

Following the effectiveness of this Registration Statement, we intend to file an election to be regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. Upon filing of such election, we will become subject to the 1940 Act requirements applicable to BDCs.

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Registration Statement contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but rather are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about us, our prospective portfolio investments, our industry, our beliefs, and our assumptions. Words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “would,” “should,” “targets,” “projects,” and variations of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and other factors, some of which are beyond our control and are difficult to predict, that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements including, without limitation:

 

·                  our future operating results;

 

·                  our business prospects and the prospects of our portfolio companies;

 

·                  the impact of the investments that we expect to make;

 

·                  the ability of our portfolio companies to achieve their objectives;

 

·                  our expected financings and investments;

 

·                  the adequacy of our cash resources and working capital; and

 

·                  the timing of cash flows, if any, from the operations of our portfolio companies.

 

In addition, words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect” and “intend” indicate a forward-looking statement, although not all forward-looking statements include these words. The forward-looking statements contained in this Registration Statement involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those implied or expressed in the forward-looking statements for any reason, including the factors set forth in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Registration Statement. Other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include:

 

·                  changes in the economy;

 

·                  risks associated with possible disruption in our operations or the economy generally due to terrorism or natural disasters; and

 

·                  future changes in laws or regulations and conditions in our operating areas.

 

Although we believe that the assumptions on which these forward-looking statements are based are reasonable, some of those assumptions are based on the work of third parties and any of those assumptions could prove to be inaccurate; as a result, the forward-looking statements based on those assumptions also could prove to be inaccurate. In light of these and other uncertainties, the inclusion of a projection or forward-looking statement in this Registration Statement should not be regarded as a representation by us that our plans and objectives will be achieved. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this Registration Statement. We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements or any other information contained herein, except as required by applicable law. The safe harbor provisions of Section 21E of the 1934 Act, which preclude civil liability for certain forward-looking statements, do not apply to the forward-looking statements in this Registration Statement because we are not yet subject to the periodic reporting obligations of Section 13(a) or Section 15(a) of the 1934 Act.

 

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Item 1. Business

 

(a) General Development of Business

 

We were formed on March 20, 2017 as a corporation under the laws of the State of Maryland. We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”). We have irrevocably elected to opt out of the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards pursuant to Section 107(b) of the JOBS Act, and, as a result, we will comply with new or revised accounting standards on the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required for non-emerging growth companies. Section 107 of the JOBS Act provides that our decision to opt out of the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards is irrevocable.

 

We expect to conduct a continuous private offering of our common shares to investors in reliance on exemptions from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Shares of our common stock will be offered solely to investors that are “accredited investors” as defined in Rule 501(a) of Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act. We intend to offer shares through our agents and employees without sales commission or other remuneration on a “best efforts” basis. We believe that each of our employees and agents will qualify as an “associated person not deemed to be broker” within the meaning of Rule 3a4-1 promulgated pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 

(b) Financial Information about Industry Segments

 

Our operations comprise only a single reportable segment. See “Item 2. Financial Information.”

 

(c) Description of Business

 

General

 

We are a newly organized specialty finance company formed to primarily make debt investments in senior secured loans of U.S. middle-market companies, which we refer to as Senior Loans. We are an externally managed, non-diversified, closed-end investment company that intends to elect to be treated as a business development company, or BDC, under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or the 1940 Act. We will therefore be required to comply with certain regulatory requirements. We intend to elect to be taxed for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and to qualify annually thereafter, as a regulated investment company, or RIC, under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code. We are managed by Flat Rock Global, a private investment management firm that intends to is register as an investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, or the Advisers Act. Flat Rock Global will oversee the management of our activities and will be responsible for making investment decisions with respect to our portfolio. See “Regulation as a Public Business Development Company” and “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations.”

 

Our investment objective is the preservation of capital while generating current income from our debt investments and seeking to maximize our portfolio’s total return.  We intend to achieve this objective by investing in a portfolio composed primarily of Senior Loans of U.S. middle-market companies. We intend to achieve our investment objective by (i) accessing the established loan origination channels developed by our management team, (ii) selecting investments within our core middle-market focus, (iii) partnering with experienced private equity firms, or sponsors, in many cases with whom our management team has invested alongside in the past, (iv) implementing disciplined underwriting standards and (v) drawing upon the aggregate experience and resources of our management team.

 

We plan to hold many of our investments to maturity or repayment, but will sell our investments earlier if a sale or recapitalization of a portfolio company takes place, or if we determine a sale of one or more of our investments is in our best interest. Once we raise significant capital in this or any future offering, we will seek to create a diverse portfolio of Senior Loans by investing approximately $10 to $25 million of capital, on average, in the securities of middle-market companies.  Prior to raising significant capital, we intend to make smaller investments in Senior Loans.

 

We have established investment criteria to be followed by Flat Rock Global in evaluating the appropriateness of an investment opportunity in a Senior Loan. Specifically, we intend to invest in Senior Loans with the following attributes:

 

·                  Annual earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) of $10 million to $75 million;

 

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·                  Sustainable leading positions in their respective markets;

 

·                  Scalable revenues and operating cash flow;

 

·                  Experienced management teams with successful track records;

 

·                  Stable, predicable cash flows with low technology and market risks;

 

·                  A substantial equity cushion in the form of capital ranking junior to our investment;

 

·                  Low capital expenditures requirements;

 

·                  A North American base of operations;

 

·                  Strong customer relationships;

 

·                  Products, services or distribution channels having distinctive competitive advantages;

 

·                  Defensible niche strategy or other barriers to entry; and

 

·                  Demonstrated growth strategies.

 

While we believe that the criteria listed above are important in identifying and investing in prospective portfolio companies, not all of these criteria will be met by each prospective portfolio company.

 

In compliance with 1940 Act requirements that relate to BDCs, a significant portion of our Senior Loan borrowers will be U.S.-based companies that (1) are privately-held, (2) have outstanding equity that only trades over-the-counter, (3) have less than $250 million in equity market capitalization, (4) are not in, or emerging from, bankruptcy, or (5) may not have access to conventional financing from banks and other financial institutions and rely on material assistance from non-traditional providers of capital such as us. Under normal market conditions, we expect that substantially all of our investments will be in Senior Loans.

 

Additionally, we may from time to time hold or invest in equity securities and other debt or equity securities generally arising from a restructuring of Senior Loan positions previously held by us. Flat Rock Global will also periodically evaluate all investments that are not Senior Loans to determine whether we should dispose of any such assets that are not Senior Loans. In addition, Flat Rock Global will evaluate our portfolio or a regular basis to determine whether to acquire opportunistic investments that are not Senior Loans.

 

Because we intend to be regulated as a BDC and we intend to qualify as a RIC under the Code, our portfolio will be subject to diversification and other requirements. See “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations.”

 

To enhance our opportunity for gain, we intend to employ leverage as market conditions permit and at the discretion of Flat Rock Global, but in no event will leverage employed exceed the amount permitted by the 1940 Act, which is currently 50.0% of the value of our assets. We believe when properly financed and hedged, our investment strategy can produce attractive risk-adjusted returns.  However, the use of leverage increases the volatility of investments by magnifying the potential for gain or loss on invested equity capital. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Debt Financing— If we borrow money, the potential for gain or loss on amounts invested in us will be magnified and may increase the risk of investing in us.

 

Our Adviser

 

Flat Rock Global, LLC (our “Adviser” or “Flat Rock Global”), a newly-formed Delaware limited liability company, acts as our investment adviser. Flat Rock Global is a Delaware limited liability company that will be registered as an investment adviser under the Advisers Act prior to our election to be regulated as a BDC. Flat Rock Global is controlled by Robert K. Grunewald,

 

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our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Grunewald has over 25 years of experience in BDCs, middle market finance, private equity and investment banking.  Flat Rock Global will manage the day-to-day operations of, and provide investment advisory and management services to us.

 

Mr. Grunewald previously served as the President and Chief Investment Officer of Business Development Corp. of America, or BDCA.  During his tenure at BDCA, Mr. Grunewald grew the company from $2.5 million of assets under management to $2.5 billion. Mr. Grunewald also founded AR Capital BDC Income Fund, the first open-end mutual fund dedicated to investing in the BDC sector.

 

Mr. Grunewald has over 25 years of experience with middle market finance, BDCs and asset management firms. Within the finance industry, he has participated as a lender, investment banker, M&A advisor, private equity investor and hedge fund manager. As head of Financial Services, M&A, at NationsBank/Montgomery Securities from 1992 through 1997, Mr. Grunewald and his team completed numerous assignments for clients throughout the specialty finance industry. In 1997, Mr. Grunewald was recruited to lead the Specialty Finance Investment Banking Practice at what became Wachovia Securities. At Wachovia, Mr. Grunewald managed a number of high profile transactions, including initial public offerings and secondary offerings for some of the largest publicly-traded BDCs and finance companies, including Capital Source, Ares Capital, American Capital Strategies, Allied Capital, and Gladstone Capital.

 

In 2006, Mr. Grunewald joined American Capital Strategies, or ACAS, a publicly-traded BDC and global asset manager.  As head of the Financial Services Investment Practice from 2006 through 2009, Mr. Grunewald and his team focused on investment activity in the specialty finance, insurance, and asset management sectors.  While at ACAS, he founded two highly successful financial services companies: Core Financial Holdings, a diversified commercial finance company and asset based lender, and American Capital Agency Corporation (NASDAQ: ‘‘AGNC’’), a publicly traded mortgage REIT.

 

Flat Rock Global has its headquarters at 1350 Avenue of the Americas, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10019.

 

The Board of Directors

 

Our business and affairs are managed under the direction of our board of directors. The responsibilities of the board of directors include, among other things, the oversight of our investment activities, the quarterly valuation of our assets, oversight of our financing arrangements and corporate governance activities. The board of directors will initially consist of three members, two of whom will not be “interested persons” as defined in Section 2(a)(19) of the 1940 Act. We refer to these individuals as our independent directors. Members of the board of directors will be elected annually at our annual meeting of stockholders. We are prohibited from making loans or extending credit, directly or indirectly, to our directors or executive officers under Section 402 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The board of directors currently has an audit committee, a valuation committee and a nominating and corporate governance committee, and may establish additional committees from time to time as necessary. Each director will serve until the next annual meeting of stockholders and until his or her successor is duly elected and qualifies. Although the number of directors may be increased or decreased, a decrease will not have the effect of shortening the term of any incumbent director. Any director may resign at any time and may be removed with or without cause by the stockholders upon the affirmative vote of at least a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast generally in the election of directors. The notice of any special meeting called to remove a director shall indicate that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of such special meeting is to determine if the director shall be removed.

 

A vacancy created by an increase in the number of directors or the death, resignation, removal, adjudicated incompetence or other incapacity of a director may be filled only by a vote of a majority of the remaining directors. Any director elected to fill a vacancy will serve for the remainder of the full term of the directorship in which the vacancy occurred and until a successor is duly elected and qualifies.

 

Investment Advisory Agreement

 

On May 16, 2017, we entered into the Investment Advisory Agreement with Flat Rock Global. Pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement, we pay Flat Rock Global a fee for its services consisting of two components

 

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— a management fee and an incentive fee. The management fee is calculated at an annual rate of 1.375% of our average gross assets as of the end of the two most recently completed quarters and is payable quarterly in arrears.The management fee for any partial month or quarter will be appropriately pro-rated.

 

The incentive fee consists of two parts. The first part, which we refer to as the subordinated incentive fee on income, is calculated and payable quarterly in arrears based on 15% of our pre-incentive fee net investment income for the immediately preceding quarter. The payment of the subordinated incentive fee on income is subject to payment of a preferred return to investors each quarter, expressed as a quarterly rate of return on adjusted capital at the beginning of the most recently completed calendar quarter, of 1.5% (6.0% annualized), subject to a “catch up” feature. The foregoing incentive fee is subject to a total return requirement, which provides that no incentive fee in respect of our pre-incentive fee net investment income is payable except to the extent that 15.0% of the cumulative net increase in net assets resulting from operations for the prior twelve quarters exceeds the cumulative incentive fees accrued and/or paid for the prior twelve quarters. In other words, any subordinated incentive fee on income that is payable in a calendar quarter is limited to the lesser of (i) 15.0% of the amount by which our pre-incentive fee net investment income for such calendar quarter that exceeds the 1.5% hurdle, subject to the “catch-up” provision and (ii) (x) 15.0% of the cumulative net increase in net assets resulting from operations for the prior twelve quarters minus (y) the cumulative incentive fees accrued and/or paid for the prior twelve quarters. For the foregoing purpose, the “cumulative net increase in net assets resulting from operations” is the sum of our pre-incentive fee net investment income, realized gains and losses and unrealized gains and losses since inception.

 

The total return requirement described above is designed to measure the performance of Flat Rock Global over a longer time horizon than on a quarterly basis and to ensure that Flat Rock Global does not earn fees for exceeding the hurdle rate in selected quarters while under-performing on a longer-term basis.  The total return requirement is likewise designed to incentivize Flat Rock Global to not focus solely on quarterly performance, but to seek investments that exhibit strong performance on a long-term basis.  We believe that the total return requirement is beneficial to investors and has the potential to reduce the fees payable to Flat Rock Global in the event of under-performance on a long-term basis.

 

Under the capital gains component of the incentive fee, we pay Flat Rock Global at the end of each calendar year 15.0% of our aggregate cumulative realized capital gains from inception through the end of that year, computed net of our aggregate cumulative realized capital losses and our aggregate cumulative unrealized losses through the end of such year, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gain incentive fees. For the foregoing purpose, our “aggregate cumulative realized capital gains” does not include any unrealized gains. It should be noted that we accrue an incentive fee for accounting purposes taking into account any unrealized gains in accordance with GAAP. The capital gains component of the incentive fee is not subject to any minimum return to stockholders. If such amount is negative, then no capital gains incentive fee is payable for such year. Additionally, if the Investment Advisory Agreement is terminated as of a date that is not a calendar year end, the termination date is treated as though it were a calendar year end for purposes of calculating and paying the capital gains incentive fee.

 

See “Investment Advisory Agreement — Investment Advisory Fees” for a description of the investment advisory fees payable to Flat Rock Global.

 

Administration Agreement

 

We have entered into an administration agreement with Flat Rock Global to serve as our Administrator. Pursuant to the administration agreement, Flat Rock Global will provide us with services such as accounting, financial reporting, legal and compliance support and investor relations support, necessary for us to operate or engage a third-party firm to perform some or all of these functions. We will not pay Flat Rock Global any fees pursuant to the Administration Agreement. We will reimburse Flat Rock Global for administrative expenses it incurs as a result of providing these services.

 

Potential Market Opportunity

 

We believe that the banking and financial services crisis, which began in the summer of 2007 and which continues to constrain capital formation activities, created an opportunity for specialty financial services companies with experience in negotiating, structuring and managing Senior Loan investments to capitalize on compelling opportunities to generate attractive yields for investors seeking current income. We believe the following factors create favorable investment opportunities to generate attractive risk-adjusted returns for our stockholders:

 

·                  The Senior Loan market provides investors seeking current income with an attractive risk-adjusted return profile. The interest on a Senior Loan is determined based on a spread over a market index rate that resets periodically. Further, the terms of the Senior Loans provide for a “floor,” or minimum market index rate, thus providing protection during a period of dramatically falling interest rates. We believe these characteristics offer us a form of interest rate protection in periods of rising and falling interest rates.

 

·                  Senior Loans are typically collateralized by a company’s assets and structured with a lien on collateral. The structure of these loans provides for greater security and potential recovery in the event of default

 

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compared to subordinated fixed-income products, which have a lesser claim on the collateral or may be unsecured. These structural characteristics, combined with reduced volatility, attractive credit fundamentals and favorable liquidity, provide investors with an opportunity to generate attractive returns on an absolute and risk-adjusted basis.

 

·                  Regulatory reform has made Senior Loans less attractive to banks. Due to the financial services crisis that began in the summer of 2007, banks became subject to increased regulatory restrictions which resulted in more stringent requirements concerning loan underwriting standards, documentation, and risk retention standards. As a result, we believe the cost to comply with these guidelines has increased expenses in connection with holding Senior Loans, which has decreased the attractiveness of the terms of these loans from traditional providers of capital such as banks. These additional costs have led to a decreased ability and interest among traditional lenders in holding Senior Loans on their balance sheets. We believe that alternative providers of capital to the Senior Loan market, such as us, stand to benefit from this changed financial landscape.

 

·                  Strong demand for debt capital. We believe borrowers will continue to require capital to refinance existing debt, support growth and finance acquisitions. The financial difficulties and widespread consolidation in the U.S. financial services industry has reduced the capacity of lenders able to meet this demand. One primary use of Senior Loans is to finance acquisitions by private equity firms. We expect that private equity firms will continue to pursue acquisitions and to seek to leverage their equity investments with Senior Loans of the type we seek to fund.

 

·                  Borrowers’ conservative capital structures. Following the recession caused by the credit crisis, which the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics defines as occurring between December 2007 and June 2009, lenders have required borrowers to decrease their leverage ratios, specifically to protect lenders during periods of economic downturns. We believe that these requirements have resulted in an improved financial condition of the borrowers and thus strengthened their ability to meet the terms of their debt obligations. We further believe that these developments have increased the attractiveness of Senior Loans, as well as all debt instruments, to the providers of capital such as us.

 

Potential Competitive Advantages

 

We believe we have competitive advantages over other operators in the Senior Loan market, including other publicly traded and publicly registered, non-listed BDCs. We expect that these advantages will enable us to deliver attractive risk-adjusted returns over time. Our advantages include the experience and track record of Flat Rock Global’s senior investment team in investing in Leveraged Loans, our extensive credit underwriting experience and the portfolio management and BDC operations expertise of Flat Rock Global. The principals of Flat Rock Global, Robert K. Grunewald, and Richard A. Petrocelli, also have extensive relationships with private equity sponsors, loan syndication and trading desks, lending groups, management teams, investment bankers, and other industry sources that we believe will provide us with attractive investment opportunities. We expect to benefit from Flat Rock Global’s ability to identify attractive investment opportunities unavailable to other providers of capital, conduct diligence on and value prospective investments, negotiate investment legal documentation and proactively manage a diversified portfolio of investments. We believe our relationships with banks and other lenders will enable us to obtain debt financing for our business at competitive pricing and terms. Our senior management and investment personnel of Flat Rock Global have extensive experience in managing and operating a BDC, which distinguishes us from other BDC issuers whose advisers may not be as experienced in complying with the complex tax, regulatory and investment requirements applicable to BDCs.

 

Investment Committee

 

Flat Rock Global has established an investment committee, or the Investment Committee, that consists of Robert K. Grunewald and Richard A. Petrocelli. The role of the Investment Committee is to evaluate and approve our investments, subject to oversight by our board of directors, pursuant to our investment strategy, to monitor our investment portfolio and to monitor our compliance requirements related to our qualification as a BDC and a RIC. The Investment Committee intends to meet on a regular basis as frequently as it believes is required to maintain prudent oversight of our investment activities. The Investment Committee expects to set and monitor operating policies and guidelines

 

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consistent with criteria established by our board of directors. Our board of directors may change these policies or guidelines at any time without approval from our stockholders.

 

Competition

 

Our primary competitors in providing financing to middle-market companies include public and private funds, other business development companies, commercial and investment banks, commercial financing companies and, to the extent they provide an alternative form of financing, private equity and hedge funds. Many of our competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do. For example, we believe some competitors may have access to funding sources that are not available to us. In addition, some of our competitors may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments, which could allow them to consider a wider variety of investments and establish more relationships than us. Furthermore, many of our competitors are not subject to the regulatory restrictions that the 1940 Act imposes on us as a business development company or to the distribution and other requirements we must satisfy to maintain our RIC status.

 

We expect to use the expertise of the investment professionals of Flat Rock Global to which we will have access to assess investment risks and determine appropriate pricing for our investments in portfolio companies. In addition, we expect that the relationships of the senior members of Flat Rock Global will enable us to learn about, and compete effectively for, financing opportunities with attractive middle-market companies in the industries in which we seek to invest. For additional information concerning the competitive risks we face, see “Risk factors — Risks Relating to our Business and Structure — We may face increasing competition for investment opportunities, which could delay deployment of our capital, reduce returns and result in losses.

 

Expenses

 

Our primary operating expenses are the payment of advisory fees and other expenses under the Investment Advisory Agreement. The investment advisory fees compensate Flat Rock Global for its work in identifying, evaluating, negotiating, executing, monitoring and servicing our investments.

 

We bear all other expenses of our operations and transactions, including (without limitation) fees and expenses relating to:

 

·                  the cost of calculating our NAV, including the cost of any third-party valuation services;

 

·                  the cost of effecting sales and repurchase of shares of our common stock and other securities;

 

·                  investment advisory fees;

 

·                  transfer agent and custodial fees;

 

·                  fees and expenses associated with marketing efforts;

 

·                  federal and state registration fees;

 

·                  federal, state and local taxes;

 

·                  independent directors’ fees and expenses;

 

·                  costs of proxy statements, stockholders’ reports and notices;

 

·                  fidelity bond, directors and officers/errors and omissions liability insurance and other insurance premiums;

 

·                  fees and expenses associated with independent audits and outside legal costs, including compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

 

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·                  costs associated with our reporting and compliance obligations under the 1940 Act and applicable federal and state securities laws;

 

·                  brokerage commissions for our investments;

 

·                  all other offering expenses incurred by Flat Rock Global in performing its obligations, subject to the limitations included in the Investment Advisory Agreement; and

 

·                  direct costs such as printing, mailing and long distance telephone incurred by Flat Rock Global and all other expenses incurred by either Flat Rock Global or us in connection with administering our business, including payments under the administration agreement that will be based upon our allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by Flat Rock Global in performing its obligations under the administration agreement, including rent and our allocable portion of the costs of compensation and related expenses of our chief compliance officer and chief financial officer and their respective staffs, subject to limitations included in our Investment Advisory Agreement.

 

Pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement, Flat Rock Global is responsible for payment of any and all organization and offering expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with our private offering of shares.  We will not reimburse Flat Rock Global for such expenses borne on our behalf.

 

Employees

 

We will not have any direct employees, and our day-to-day investment operations will be managed by Flat Rock Global. We have a chief executive officer, chief financial officer and chief compliance officer and, to the extent necessary, our board of directors may elect to hire additional personnel going forward. Our officers will be employees of Flat Rock Global, and a portion of the compensation paid to our chief financial officer and chief compliance officer will be paid by us pursuant to the Administration Agreement. Some of our executive officers described under “Item 5. Directors and Executive Officers” are also officers of Flat Rock Global. See “Item 1(c). Description of Business—General—Investment Advisory Agreement; Administration Agreement.”

 

Liquidity Strategy

 

The securities offered in our private offering have not been registered under the Securities Act or the securities laws of any state, and are being offered and sold in reliance on exemptions from the registration requirements of the Securities Act and such laws. The securities offered will be subject to restrictions on transferability and resale and may not be transferred or resold except as permitted under the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws pursuant to registration or exemption therefrom.

 

Because the securities offered in our private offering will not be registered under the Securities Act, or the securities laws of any state, investors must hold them indefinitely unless (a) they are registered under the Securities Act and any applicable state securities laws, or (b) we, with the advice of our counsel, conclude that registration is not required under the Securities Act and applicable state laws, in which case your shares of common stock may become transferable upon reliance on other exemptions, such as Rule 144 under the Securities Act.

 

The shares of our common stock offered in our private offering will have no preemptive, exchange, conversion or redemption rights. We do not currently intend to list our shares on an exchange and do not expect a public trading market to develop for the shares in the foreseeable future. Because of the lack of a trading market for our shares, stockholders may not be able to sell their shares promptly or, if they are able to sell their shares, they may only be able to do so at a discount to our current NAV. We intend to explore a potential liquidity event for our stockholders between five and seven years following the completion of our offering stage, which includes our private offering and any subsequent private or public offering of our shares of common stock; however, the offering period may extend for an indefinite period. We may explore or complete a liquidity event sooner or later than that time period. We may determine not to pursue a liquidity event if we believe that then-current market conditions are not favorable for a liquidity event and that such conditions will improve in the future. A liquidity event could include (1) the sale of all or substantially all of our assets either on a complete portfolio basis or individually followed by a liquidation, (2) a listing of our shares on a national securities exchange, or (3) a merger or another transaction approved by our board of directors in which our stockholders will receive cash or shares of a publicly traded company. While our intention is to explore a potential liquidity event between five and seven years following the completion of our offering stage, there can be no assurance that a suitable transaction will be available or that

 

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market conditions for a liquidity event will be favorable during that timeframe.

 

Regulation as a Public Business Development Company

 

We intend to elect to be regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. The 1940 Act contains prohibitions and restrictions relating to transactions between BDCs and their affiliates, principal underwriters and affiliates of those affiliates or underwriters. The 1940 Act requires that a majority of the directors be persons other than “interested persons,” as that term is defined in the 1940 Act. In addition, the 1940 Act provides that we may not change the nature of our business so as to cease to be, or to withdraw our election as, a BDC unless approved by a majority of our outstanding voting securities.

 

The 1940 Act defines “a majority of the outstanding voting securities” as the lesser of (i) 67.0% or more of the voting securities present at a meeting if the holders of more than 50.0% of our outstanding voting securities are present or represented by proxy or (ii) 50.0% of our voting securities.

 

We will generally not be able to issue and sell our common stock at a price below NAV per share. See “Risk Factors — Risks Related to Business Development Companies — Regulations governing our operation as a BDC and RIC will affect our ability to raise, and the way in which we raise, additional capital or borrow for investment purposes, which may have a negative effect on our growth.” We may, however, sell our common stock, or warrants, options or rights to acquire our common stock, at a price below the then-current NAV of our common stock if our board of directors determines that such sale is in our best interests and the best interests of our stockholders, and our stockholders approve such sale. In addition, we may generally issue new shares of our common stock at a price below NAV in rights offerings to existing stockholders, in payment of dividends and in certain other limited circumstances.

 

As a BDC, we will not be permitted to invest in any portfolio company in which Flat Rock Global or any of its affiliates currently have an investment or to make any co-investments with Flat Rock Global or any of its affiliates without an exemptive order from the SEC.

 

Qualifying Assets

 

Under the 1940 Act, a BDC may not acquire any asset other than assets of the type listed in Section 55(a) of the 1940 Act, which are referred to as qualifying assets, unless, at the time the acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70.0% of the company’s total assets. The principal categories of qualifying assets relevant to our business are any of the following:

 

1.                                      Securities purchased in transactions not involving any public offering from the issuer of such securities, which issuer (subject to certain limited exceptions) is an eligible portfolio company, or from any person who is, or has been during the preceding 13 months, an affiliated person of an eligible portfolio company, or from any other person, subject to such rules as may be prescribed by the SEC. An eligible portfolio company is defined in the 1940 Act as any issuer which:

 

a.                                      is organized under the laws of, and has its principal place of business in, the United States;

 

b.                                      is not an investment company (other than a small business investment company wholly owned by the business development company) or a company that would be an investment company but for certain exclusions under the 1940 Act; and

 

c.                                       satisfies any of the following:

 

i.                                          does not have any class of securities that is traded on a national securities exchange;

 

ii.                                       has a class of securities listed on a national securities exchange, but has an aggregate market value of outstanding voting and non-voting common equity of less than $250 million;

 

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iii.                                    is controlled by a business development company or a group of companies including a business development company and the business development company has an affiliated person who is a director of the eligible portfolio company; or

 

iv.                                   is a small and solvent company having total assets of not more than $4.0 million and capital and surplus of not less than $2.0 million.

 

2.           Securities of any eligible portfolio company that we control.

 

3.                                      Securities purchased in a private transaction from a U.S. issuer that is not an investment company or from an affiliated person of the issuer, or in transactions incident thereto, if the issuer is in bankruptcy and subject to reorganization or if the issuer, immediately prior to the purchase of its securities was unable to meet its obligations as they came due without material assistance other than conventional lending or financing arrangements.

 

4.                                      Securities of an eligible portfolio company purchased from any person in a private transaction if there is no ready market for such securities and we already own 60.0% of the outstanding equity of the eligible portfolio company. Securities received in exchange for or distributed on or with respect to securities described in (1) through (4) above, or pursuant to the exercise of warrants or rights relating to such securities.

 

5.           Cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities or high-quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment.

 

In addition, BDC must have been organized and have its principal place of business in the United States and must be operated for the purpose of making investments in the types of securities described in (1), (2) or (3) above.

 

Managerial Assistance to Portfolio Companies

 

In order to count portfolio securities as qualifying assets for the purpose of the 70.0% test, we must either control the issuer of the securities or must offer to make available to the issuer of the securities (other than small and solvent companies described above) significant managerial assistance; except that, where we purchase such securities in conjunction with one or more other persons acting together, one of the other persons in the group may make available such managerial assistance. Making available managerial assistance means, among other things, any arrangement whereby the BDC, through its directors, officers or employees, offers to provide, and, if accepted, does so provide, significant guidance and counsel concerning the management, operations or business objectives and policies of a portfolio company.

 

Ongoing Relationships with Portfolio Companies; Valuation

 

As a BDC, we will offer, and must provide upon request, managerial assistance to our portfolio companies.  This assistance could involve monitoring the operations of our portfolio companies, participating in board and management meetings, consulting with and advising officers of portfolio companies and providing other organizational and financial guidance. Flat Rock Global or an affiliate will provide such managerial assistance on our behalf to portfolio companies that request this assistance. We may receive fees for these services and will reimburse Flat Rock Global or an affiliate for its allocated costs in providing such assistance, subject to the review and approval by our board of directors, including our independent directors.

 

Temporary Investments

 

Pending investment in other types of “qualifying assets,” as described above, our investments may consist of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities or high-quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment, which we refer to, collectively, as temporary investments, so that 70.0% of our assets are qualifying assets. Typically, we will invest in U.S. Treasury bills or in repurchase agreements, provided that such agreements are fully collateralized by cash or securities issued by the U.S. government or its agencies. A repurchase agreement involves the purchase by an investor, such as us, of a specified security and the simultaneous agreement by the seller to repurchase it at an agreed-upon future date and at a price that is greater than the purchase

 

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price by an amount that reflects an agreed-upon interest rate. There is no percentage restriction on the proportion of our assets that may be invested in such repurchase agreements. However, if more than 25.0% of our total assets constitute repurchase agreements from a single counterparty, we would not meet the Diversification Tests in order to qualify as a RIC for federal income tax purposes. Thus, we do not intend to enter into repurchase agreements with a single counterparty in excess of this limit. Flat Rock Global will monitor the creditworthiness of the counterparties with which we enter into repurchase agreement transactions.

 

Senior Securities

 

We are permitted, under specified conditions, to issue multiple classes of debt and one class of stock senior to our common stock if our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, is at least equal to 200% immediately after each such issuance. In addition, while any senior securities remain outstanding, we must make provisions to prohibit any distribution to our stockholders or the repurchase of such securities or shares unless we meet the applicable asset coverage ratios at the time of the distribution or repurchase. We may also borrow amounts up to 5.0% of the value of our total assets for temporary or emergency purposes without regard to asset coverage. For a discussion of the risks associated with leverage, See “Risk Factors — Risks Related to Business Development Companies — Regulations governing our operation as a BDC and RIC will affect our ability to raise, and the way in which we raise additional capital or borrow for investment purposes, which may have a negative effect on our growth.”

 

Code of Ethics

 

We will adopt a code of ethics pursuant to Rule 17j-1 under the 1940 Act that establishes procedures for personal investments and restricts certain personal securities transactions. Personnel subject to the code may invest in securities for their personal investment accounts, including securities that may be purchased or held by us, so long as such investments are made in accordance with the code’s requirements. Once it is filed, you may read and copy this code of ethics at the SEC’s Public Reference Room in Washington, D.C. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at (202) 551-8090. You may also obtain copies of the codes of ethics, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at the following email address: publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the SEC’s Public Reference Section, 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549.

 

Compliance Policies and Procedures

 

We and Flat Rock Global will adopt and implement written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent violation of the federal securities laws, and our board of directors will be required to review these compliance policies and procedures annually to assess their adequacy and the effectiveness of their implementation. We have designated Petrocelli as our chief compliance officer. Currently, Mr. Petrocelli also serves as chief compliance officer for Flat Rock Global.

 

Exchange Act and Sarbanes-Oxley Act Compliance

 

We will be subject to the reporting and disclosure requirements of the Exchange Act, including the filing of quarterly, annual and current reports, proxy statements and other required items. In addition, we will be subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which imposes a wide variety of regulatory requirements on publicly-held companies and their insiders. Many of these requirements will affect us. For example:

 

·                  pursuant to Rule 13a-14 of the Exchange Act, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer will be required to certify the accuracy of the financial statements contained in our periodic reports;

 

·                  pursuant to Item 307 of Regulation S-K, our periodic reports will be required to disclose our conclusions about the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures; and

 

·                  pursuant to Rule 13a-15 of the Exchange Act, our management will be required to prepare a report regarding its assessment of our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires us to review our current policies and procedures to determine whether we comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder. We intend to monitor our compliance with all regulations that are adopted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and will take actions necessary to ensure that we are in compliance therewith.

 

Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures

 

We anticipate delegating our proxy voting responsibility to Flat Rock Global. The proxy voting policies and procedures that we anticipate that Flat Rock Global will follow are set forth below. The guidelines will be reviewed periodically by Flat Rock Global and our non-interested directors, and, accordingly, are subject to change.

 

Introduction

 

As an investment adviser registered under the Advisers Act, Flat Rock Global has a fiduciary duty to act solely in the best interests of its clients. As part of this duty, it recognizes that it must vote client securities in a timely manner free of conflicts of interest and in the best interests of its clients.

 

These policies and procedures for voting proxies for the investment advisory clients of Flat Rock Global are intended to comply with Section 206 of, and Rule 206(4)-6 under, the Advisers Act.

 

Proxy Policies

 

Flat Rock Global will vote proxies relating to our securities in the best interest of its clients’ stockholders. It will review on a case-by-case basis each proposal submitted for a stockholder vote to determine its impact on the portfolio securities held by its clients. Although Flat Rock Global will generally vote against proposals that may have a negative impact on its clients’ portfolio securities, it may vote for such a proposal if there exists compelling long-term reasons to do so.

 

The proxy voting decisions of Flat Rock Global are made by the senior officers who are responsible for monitoring each of its clients’ investments. To ensure that its vote is not the product of a conflict of interest, it will require that: (a) anyone involved in the decision-making process disclose to its chief compliance officer any potential conflict that he or she is aware of and any contact that he or she has had with any interested party regarding a proxy vote; and (b) employees involved in the decision making process or vote administration are prohibited from revealing how Flat Rock Global intends to vote on a proposal in order to reduce any attempted influence from interested parties.

 

Proxy Voting Records

 

You may obtain information, without charge, regarding how we voted proxies with respect to our portfolio securities by making a written request for proxy voting information to: Flat Rock Capital Corp., Attn: Chief Financial Officer, 1350 Avenue of the Americas, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10019.

 

Other

 

We will be subject to periodic examination by the SEC for compliance with the 1940 Act.

 

We are required to provide and maintain a bond issued by a reputable fidelity insurance company to protect us against larceny and embezzlement. Furthermore, as a BDC, we are prohibited from protecting any director or officer against any liability to us or our stockholders arising from willful misconduct, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of such person’s office.

 

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Privacy Principles

 

We are committed to protecting your privacy. This privacy notice explains the privacy policies of Flat Rock Capital Corp. and its affiliated companies. This notice supersedes any other privacy notice you may have received from Flat Rock Capital Corp.

 

We will safeguard, according to strict standards of security and confidentiality, all information we receive about you. The only information we collect from you is your name, address, number of shares you hold and your social security number. This information is used only so that we can send you annual reports and other information about us, and send you proxy statements or other information required by law.

 

We do not share this information with any non-affiliated third party except as described below.

 

·                  Authorized Employees of Flat Rock Global. It is our policy that only authorized employees of Flat Rock Global who need to know your personal information will have access to it.

 

·                  Service Providers. We may disclose your personal information to companies that provide services on our behalf, such as record keeping, processing your trades, and mailing you information. These companies are required to protect your information and use it solely for the purpose for which they received it.

 

·                  Courts and Government Officials. If required by law, we may disclose your personal information in accordance with a court order or at the request of government regulators. Only that information required by law, subpoena, or court order will be disclosed.

 

Reporting Obligations

 

We are filing this Registration Statement with the SEC voluntarily with the intention of establishing the Company as a reporting company under the 1934 Act. Upon the effectiveness of this Registration Statement, we will be required to comply with all periodic reporting, proxy solicitation and other applicable requirements under the 1934 Act.

 

As a BDC, we will be required to file quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, annual reports on Form 10-K and current reports on Form 8-K with the SEC.  Each of these periodic reports will be made available on our website at www.flatrockglobal.com following the end of each fiscal quarter and fiscal year, as applicable. You may also obtain such information by contacting us, in writing at: Flat Rock Capital Corp., 1350 Avenue of the Americas, 18th Floor, New York, NY  10019, or by telephone at (212) 596-3413. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information filed electronically by us with the SEC which is available on the SEC’s Internet site at http://www.sec.gov. Copies of these reports, proxy and information statements and other information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the SEC’s Public Reference Section, Washington, D.C. 20549-0102.

 

Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations

 

The following discussion is a general summary of the material U.S. federal income tax considerations applicable to us and to an investment in our shares. This summary does not purport to be a complete description of the income tax considerations applicable to such an investment. For example, we have not described tax consequences that may be relevant to certain types of holders subject to special treatment under U.S. federal income tax laws, including stockholders subject to the alternative minimum tax, tax-exempt organizations, insurance companies, dealers in securities, pension plans and trusts, financial institutions, partnerships and other pass-through entities, U.S. stockholders (as defined below) whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar, persons who mark-to-market our shares and persons who hold our shares as part of a “straddle,” “hedge” or “conversion” transaction. This summary assumes that investors hold our common stock as capital assets (within the meaning of the Code). The discussion is based upon the Code, Treasury regulations, and administrative and judicial interpretations, each as of the date of this prospectus and all of which are subject to change, possibly retroactively, which could affect the continuing validity of this discussion. We have not sought and will not seek any ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) regarding any matter discussed herein. Tax counsel has not rendered any legal opinion regarding any tax consequences relating to us or our stockholders. This summary does not discuss any aspects of U.S. estate or

 

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gift tax or foreign, state or local tax. It does not discuss the special treatment under U.S. federal income tax laws that could result if we invested in tax-exempt securities or certain other investment assets.

 

A “U.S. stockholder” generally is a beneficial owner of shares of our common stock who is for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

 

·                       a citizen or individual resident of the United States;

 

·                       a corporation (or other entity taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes) created or organized in or under the laws of the United States or any political subdivision thereof;

 

·                       a trust if (a) a court in the United States has primary supervision over its administration and one or more U.S. persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust, or (b) the trust has a valid election in effect under applicable U.S. Treasury regulations to be treated as a U.S. person for federal income tax purposes; or

 

·                       an estate, the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source.

 

A “Non-U.S. stockholder” generally is a beneficial owner of shares of our common stock that is not a U.S. stockholder.

 

If a partnership (including an entity treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes) holds shares of our common stock, the tax treatment of a partner in the partnership will generally depend upon the status of the partner and the activities of the partnership. A prospective stockholder that is a partner in a partnership holding shares of our common stock should consult his, her or its tax advisers with respect to the purchase, ownership and disposition of shares of our common stock.

 

Tax matters are very complicated and the tax consequences to an investor of an investment in our shares will depend on the facts of his, her or its particular situation. We encourage investors to consult their own tax advisers regarding the specific consequences of such an investment, including tax reporting requirements, the applicability of federal, state, local and foreign tax laws, including the potential application of U.S. withholding taxes, eligibility for the benefits of any applicable tax treaty and the effect of any possible changes in the tax laws.

 

Election to be Taxed as a RIC

 

We intend to elect, effective prior to the commencement of our operations, to be treated as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code. As a RIC, we generally will not have to pay corporate-level U.S. federal income taxes on any income that we distribute to our stockholders from our earnings and profits. To qualify for and maintain our qualification as a RIC, we must, among other things, meet certain source-of-income and asset diversification requirements (as described below). In addition, to obtain RIC tax treatment, we must timely distribute to our stockholders, for each taxable year, at least 90% of our “investment company taxable income,” which is generally our net ordinary income plus the excess, if any, of realized net short-term capital gains over realized net long-term capital losses (the “Annual Distribution Requirement”.)

 

Taxation as a RIC

 

If we:

 

·                       qualify as a RIC; and

 

·                       satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement,

 

then we will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the portion of our investment company taxable income and net capital gain, generally defined as net long-term capital gains in excess of net short-term capital losses, we

 

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distribute (or are deemed to distribute) to stockholders. We will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at  regular corporate rates on any net income or net capital gains not distributed (or deemed distributed) to our stockholders.

 

We will be subject to a nondeductible U.S. federal excise tax of 4% on certain undistributed income unless we distribute in a timely manner an amount at least equal to the sum of (1) 98% of our net ordinary income for each calendar year, (2) 98.2% of our capital gain net income for the one-year period ending October 31 of that calendar year and (3) any income realized, but not distributed, in preceding years and on which we paid no federal income tax the (“Excise Tax Avoidance Requirement”). We generally will endeavor in each taxable year to avoid any U.S. federal excise tax on our earnings.

 

To qualify as a RIC for federal income tax purposes, we must, among other things:

 

·                       continue to qualify to be treated as a BDC under the 1940 Act at all times during each taxable year;

 

·                       derive in each taxable year at least 90% of our gross income from dividends, interest, payments with respect to certain securities, loans, gains from the sale of stock or other securities, net income from certain “qualified publicly-traded partnerships,” or other income derived with respect to our business of investing in such stock or securities the (“90% Income Test”); and

 

·                       diversify our holdings so that at the end of each quarter of the taxable year:

 

(i)        at least 50% of the value of our assets consists of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities, securities of other RICs, and other securities if such other securities of any one issuer do not represent more than 5% of the value of our assets or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of such issuer; and

 

(ii)     no more than 25% of the value of our assets is invested in the securities, other than U.S. government securities or securities of other RICs, of one issuer, of two or more issuers that are controlled, as determined under applicable tax rules, by us and that are engaged in the same or similar or related trades or businesses or in the securities of one or more “qualified publicly-traded partnerships,” (the “Diversification Tests”).

 

To the extent that we invest in entities treated as partnerships for U.S. federal income tax purposes (other than a “qualified publicly traded partnership”), we generally must include the items of gross income derived by the partnerships for purposes of the 90% Income Test, and the income that is derived from a partnership (other than a “qualified publicly traded partnership”) will be treated as qualifying income for purposes of the 90% Income Test only to the extent that such income is attributable to items of income of the partnership which would be qualifying income if realized by us directly. In addition, we generally must take into account our proportionate share of the assets held by partnerships (other than a “qualified publicly traded partnership”) in which we are a partner for purposes of the Diversification Tests.

 

For federal income tax purposes, we may be required to recognize taxable income in circumstances in which we do not receive a corresponding payment in cash. For example, if we hold debt obligations that are treated under applicable tax rules as having original issue discount (such as debt instruments with PIK interest or, in certain cases, increasing interest rates or debt instruments that were issued with warrants), we must include in income each year a portion of the original issue discount that accrues over the life of the obligation, regardless of whether cash representing such income is received by us in the same taxable year. We may also have to include in income other amounts that we have not yet received in cash, such as deferred loan origination fees that are paid after origination of the loan or are paid in non-cash compensation such as warrants or stock. We anticipate that a portion of our income may constitute original issue discount or other income required to be included in taxable income prior to receipt of cash. Further, we may elect to amortize market discounts and include such amounts in our taxable income in the current year, instead of upon disposition, as an election not to do so would limit our ability to deduct interest expenses for tax purposes.

 

We intend to invest a portion of our net assets in below investment grade instruments (rated lower than “Baa3” by Moody’s Investors Service or lower than “BBB-” by Standard & Poor’s Corporation), which are often

 

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referred to as “junk” bonds. Investments in these types of instruments may present special tax issues for us. U.S. federal income tax rules are not entirely clear about issues such as when we may cease to accrue interest, original issue discount or market discount, when and to what extent deductions may be taken for bad debts or worthless instruments, how payments received on obligations in default should be allocated between principal and income and whether exchanges of debt obligations in a bankruptcy or workout context are taxable. We will address these and other issues to the extent necessary to seek to ensure that we distribute sufficient income so that we do not become subject to U.S. federal income or excise tax.

 

Because any original issue discount or other amounts accrued will be included in our investment company taxable income for the year of  accrual, we may be required to make a distribution to our stockholders  to satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement, even though we will not have received any corresponding cash amount. As a result, we may have difficulty meeting the Annual Distribution Requirement necessary to qualify for and maintain RIC tax treatment under Subchapter M of the Code. We may have to sell some of our investments at times and/or at prices we would not consider advantageous, raise additional debt or equity capital or forgo new investment opportunities for this purpose. If we are not able to obtain cash from other sources, we may fail to qualify for RIC tax treatment and thus become subject to corporate-level income tax.

 

Although we do not presently expect to do so, we are authorized to borrow funds and to sell assets to satisfy distribution requirements. However, under the 1940 Act, we are not permitted to make distributions to our stockholders while our debt obligations and other senior securities are outstanding unless certain “asset coverage” tests are met. See “Regulation as a Public Business Development Company — Senior Securities.” Moreover, our ability to dispose of assets to meet our distribution requirements may be limited by (1) the illiquid nature of our portfolio and/or (2) other requirements relating to our status as a RIC, including the Diversification Tests. If we dispose of assets to meet the Annual Distribution Requirement or the Excise Tax Avoidance Requirement, we may make such dispositions at times that, from an investment standpoint, are not advantageous.

 

Failure to Qualify as a RIC

 

If we were unable to qualify for treatment as a RIC, we would be subject to tax on all of our taxable income at regular corporate rates, regardless of whether we make any distributions to our stockholders. Distributions would not be required, and any distributions would be taxable to our stockholders as ordinary dividend income to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits. Subject to certain limitations in the Code, such distributions would be eligible for the preferential maximum rate applicable to individual stockholders to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits. Subject to certain limitations under the Code, corporate distributees would be eligible for the dividends-received deduction. Distributions in excess of our current and accumulated earnings and profits would be treated first as a return of capital to the extent of the stockholder’s tax basis, and any remaining distributions would be treated as a capital gain.

 

To requalify as a RIC in a subsequent taxable year, we would be required to satisfy the RIC qualification requirements for that year and dispose of any earnings and profits from any year in which we failed to qualify as a RIC. Subject to a limited exception applicable to RICs that qualified as such under the Code for at least one year prior to disqualification and that requalify as a RIC no later than the second year following the nonqualifying year, we would be subject to tax on any unrealized net buit-in gains in the assets held by us during the period in which we failed to qualify as a RIC that are recognized within the subsequent 5 years, unless we made a special election to pay corporate-level U.S. federal income tax on such built-in gains at the time of our requalification as a RIC

 

The remainder of this discussion assumes that we qualify as a RIC and satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement.

 

Taxation of U.S. Stockholders

 

Distributions by us generally are taxable to U.S. stockholders as ordinary income or capital gains. Distributions of our “investment company taxable income” (which is, generally, our net ordinary income plus realized net short-term capital gains in excess of realized net long-term capital losses) will be taxable as ordinary

 

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income to U.S. stockholders to the extent of our current or accumulated earnings and profits, whether paid in cash or reinvested in additional common stock. To the extent such distributions paid by us to non-corporate stockholders (including individuals) are attributable to dividends from U.S. corporations and certain qualified foreign corporations, such distributions (“Qualifying Dividends”) may be eligible for a maximum tax rate of 20% provided that we properly report such distribution as “qualifying dividend income” in a written statement furnished to our stockholders and certain holding period and other requirements are satisfied. In this regard, it is not anticipated that a significant portion of distributions paid by us will be attributable to qualifying dividends; therefore, our distributions generally will not qualify for the preferential maximum rate applicable to Qualifying Dividends. Distributions of our net capital gains (which is generally our realized net long-term capital gains in excess of realized net short-term capital losses) properly designated by us as “capital gain dividends” will be taxable to a U.S. stockholder as long-term capital gains that are currently generally taxable at a maximum rate of 20% in the case of individuals, trusts or estates, regardless of the U.S. stockholder’s holding period for his, her or its common stock and regardless of whether paid in cash or reinvested in additional common stock. Distributions in excess of our earnings and profits first will reduce a U.S. stockholder’s adjusted tax basis in such stockholder’s common stock and, after the adjusted basis is reduced to zero, will constitute capital gains to such U.S. stockholder.

 

Although we currently intend to distribute any long-term capital gain at least annually, we may in the future decide to retain some or all of our long-term capital gain, but designate the retained amount as a “deemed distribution.” In that case, among other consequences, we will pay tax on the retained amount, each U.S. stockholder will be required to include his, her or its proportionate share of the deemed distribution in income as if it had been actually distributed to the U.S. stockholder, and the U.S. stockholder will be entitled to claim a credit equal to his, her or its allocable share of the tax paid thereon by us. The amount of the deemed distribution net of such tax will be added to the U.S. stockholder’s tax basis for his, her or its common stock. Since we expect to pay tax on any retained capital gain at our regular corporate tax rate, and since that rate is in excess of the maximum rate currently payable by individuals on net capital gain, the amount of tax that individual stockholders will be treated as having paid and for which they will receive a credit will exceed the tax they owe on the retained net capital gain. Such excess generally may be claimed as a credit against the U.S. stockholder’s other U.S. federal income tax obligations or may be refunded to the extent it exceeds a stockholder’s liability for U.S. federal income tax. A stockholder that is not subject to U.S. federal income tax or otherwise required to file a U.S. federal income tax return would be required to file a U.S. federal income tax return on the appropriate form  to claim a refund for the taxes we paid. To utilize the deemed distribution approach, we must provide written notice to our stockholders prior to the expiration of 60 days after the close of the relevant taxable year. We cannot treat any of our investment company taxable income as a “deemed distribution.”

 

For purposes of determining (1) whether the Annual Distribution Requirement is satisfied for any year and (2) the amount of distributions paid for that year, we may, under certain circumstances, elect to treat a distribution that is paid during the following taxable year as if it had been paid during the taxable year in question. If we make such an election, the U.S. stockholder will still be treated as receiving the distribution in the taxable year in which the distribution is made. However, any distribution declared by us in October, November or December of any calendar year, payable to stockholders of record on a specified date in such a month and actually paid during January of the following year, will be treated as if it had been received by our U.S. stockholders on December 31 of the year in which the distribution was declared.

 

If an investor purchases shares of our common stock shortly before the record date of a distribution, the price of the shares will include the value of the distribution and the investor will be subject to tax on the distribution even though economically it may represent a return of his, her or its investment.

 

A stockholder generally will recognize taxable gain or loss if the stockholder sells or otherwise disposes of his, her or its shares of our common stock. The amount of gain or loss will be measured by the difference between such stockholder’s adjusted tax basis in the common stock sold and the amount of the proceeds received in exchange. Any gain arising from such sale or disposition generally will be treated as long-term capital gain or loss if the stockholder has held his, her or its shares for more than one year. Otherwise, it will be classified as short-term capital gain or loss. However, any capital loss arising from the sale or disposition of shares of our common stock held for six months or less will be treated as long-term capital loss to the extent of the amount of capital gain

 

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dividends received, or undistributed capital gain deemed received, with respect to such shares. In addition, all or a portion of any loss recognized upon a disposition of shares of our common stock may be disallowed if other shares of our common stock are purchased (whether through reinvestment of distributions or otherwise) within 30 days before or after the disposition.

 

In general, individual U.S. stockholders currently are generally subject to a maximum federal income tax rate of 20% on their net capital gain (i.e., the excess of realized net long-term capital gains over realized net short-term capital losses), including any long-term capital gain derived from an investment in our shares. Such rate is lower than the maximum rate on ordinary income currently payable by individuals. In addition, an additional 3.8% Medicare tax will be imposed on certain net investment income (including ordinary dividends and capital gain distributions received from us and net gains from redemptions or other taxable dispositions of our common stock) of U.S. high-income individuals, and certain estates and trusts. Corporate U.S. stockholders currently are subject to federal income tax on net capital gain at the maximum 35% rate also applied to ordinary income. Non-corporate stockholders with net capital losses for a year (i.e., capital losses in excess of capital gains) generally may deduct up to $3,000 of such losses against their ordinary income each year; any net capital losses of a non-corporate stockholder in excess of $3,000 generally may be carried forward and used in subsequent years as provided in the Code. Corporate stockholders generally may not deduct any net capital losses for a year, but may carry back such losses for three years or carry forward such losses for five years.

 

We (or if a U.S. stockholder holds shares through an intermediary, such intermediary) will send to each of our U.S. stockholders, as promptly as possible after the end of each calendar year, a notice detailing, on a per share and per distribution basis, the amounts includible in such U.S. stockholder’s taxable income for such year as ordinary income and as long-term capital gain. In addition, the federal tax status of each year’s distributions generally will be reported to the IRS (including the amount of distributions, if any, eligible for the preferential maximum rate). Distributions paid by us generally will not be eligible for the dividends-received deduction. Distributions may also be subject to additional state, local and foreign taxes depending on a U.S. stockholder’s particular situation.

 

Recent legislation requires reporting of adjusted cost basis information for covered securities, which generally include shares of a RIC acquired after January 1, 2012, to the IRS and to taxpayers. The tax regulations require that we elect a default tax identification methodology to perform the required reporting. We have chosen the first-in-first-out (“FIFO”) method as the default tax lot identification method for our stockholders. This is the method we will use to determine which specific shares are deemed to be sold when a stockholder’s entire position is not sold in a single transaction and is the method in which “covered” share sales will be reported on a stockholder’s Form 1099. However, at the time of purchase or upon the sale of “covered” shares, stockholders may generally choose a different tax lot identification method. Stockholders should consult a tax advisor with regard to their personal circumstances as the Company and its service providers do not provide tax advice. Stockholders should contact their financial intermediaries with respect to reporting of cost basis and available elections for their accounts.

 

Backup Withholding. We may be required to withhold federal income tax (“backup withholding”), currently at a rate of 28%, from all distributions to any non-corporate U.S. stockholder (1) who fails to furnish us with a correct taxpayer identification number or a certificate that such stockholder is exempt from backup withholding or (2) with respect to whom the IRS notifies us that such stockholder has failed to properly report certain interest and dividend income to the IRS and to respond to notices to that effect. An individual’s taxpayer identification number is his or her social security number. Any amount withheld under backup withholding is allowed as a credit against the U.S. stockholder’s federal income tax liability, provided that proper information is provided to the IRS.

 

Reportable Transactions Reporting.  If a U.S. stockholder recognizes a loss with respect to shares of our common stock of $2 million or more for an individual stockholder or $10 million or more for a corporate stockholder, the stockholder must file with the IRS a disclosure statement on Form 8886. The fact that a loss is reportable under these regulations does not affect the legal determination of whether the taxpayer’s treatment of the loss is proper. U.S. stockholders should consult their tax advisors to determine the applicability of these regulations in light of their specific circumstances.

 

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Taxation of Non-U.S. Stockholders

 

The following discussion applies only to Non-U.S. stockholders. Whether an investment in our shares is appropriate for a Non-U.S. stockholder will depend upon that person’s particular circumstances. An investment in our shares by a Non-U.S. stockholder may have adverse tax consequences. Non-U.S. stockholders should consult their tax advisers before investing in our common stock.

 

Distributions of our investment company taxable income to Non-U.S. stockholders (including interest income and realized net short-term capital gains in excess of realized long-term capital losses, which generally would be free of withholding if paid to Non-U.S. stockholders directly) will be subject to withholding of federal tax at a 30% rate (or lower rate provided by an applicable treaty) to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits unless an applicable exception applies. If the distributions are effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business of the Non-U.S. stockholder, we will not be required to withhold federal tax if the Non-U.S. stockholder complies with applicable certification and disclosure requirements, although the distributions will be subject to federal income tax at the rates applicable to U.S. persons. (Special certification requirements apply to a Non-U.S. stockholder that is a foreign partnership or a foreign trust, and such entities are urged to consult their own tax advisers.)

 

In addition, with respect to certain distributions made by RICs to Non-U.S. stockholders, no withholding will be required and the distributions generally will not be subject to federal income tax if (i) the distributions are properly designated in a notice timely delivered to our stockholders as “interest-related dividends” or “short-term capital gain dividends,” (ii) the distributions are derived from sources specified in the Code for such dividends and (iii) certain other requirements are satisfied. No assurance can be given as to whether any of our distributions will be reported as eligible for this exemption from withholding tax.

 

Actual or deemed distributions of our net capital gains to a Non-U.S. stockholder, and gains recognized by a Non-U.S. stockholder upon the sale of our common stock, generally will not be subject to federal withholding tax and  will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax unless (i) the distributions or gains, as the case may be, are effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business of the Non-U.S. stockholder and, if an income tax treaty applies, are attributable to a permanent establishment maintained by the Non-U.S. stockholder in the United States, or such Non-U.S. stockholder in the United States or (ii) in the case of an individual stockholder, the stockholder is present in the United States for a period or periods aggregating 183 days or more during the year of the sale or the receipt of the distributions or gains and certain other conditions are met.

 

If we distribute our net capital gains in the form of deemed rather than actual distributions, a Non-U.S. stockholder will be entitled to a U.S. federal income tax credit or tax refund equal to the stockholder’s allocable share of the tax we pay on the capital gains deemed to have been distributed. To obtain the refund, the Non-U.S. stockholder must obtain a U.S. taxpayer identification number and file a U.S. federal income tax return even if the Non-U.S. stockholder would not otherwise be required to obtain a U.S. taxpayer identification number or file a U.S. federal income tax return. For a corporate Non-U.S. stockholder, distributions (both actual and deemed), and gains realized upon the sale of our common stock that are effectively connected to a U.S. trade or business may, under certain circumstances, be subject to an additional “branch profits tax” at a 30% rate (or at a lower rate if provided for by an applicable treaty). Accordingly, investment in the shares may not be appropriate for a Non-U.S. stockholder.

 

Backup Withholding. A Non-U.S. stockholder who is a non-resident alien individual, and who is otherwise subject to U.S. federal withholding tax, may be subject to information reporting and backup withholding of federal income tax on dividends unless the Non-U.S. stockholder provides us or the dividend paying agent with an IRS Form W-8BEN (or an acceptable substitute form) or otherwise meets documentary evidence requirements for establishing that it is a Non-U.S. stockholder or otherwise establishes an exemption from backup withholding.

 

Non-U.S. stockholders may also be subject to U.S. estate tax with respect to their investment in our common stock.

 

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Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act

 

Legislation commonly referred to as the “Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act,” or “FATCA,” generally imposes a 30% withholding tax on payments of certain types of income to foreign financial institutions (“FFIs”) unless such FFIs either (i) enter into an agreement with the U.S. Treasury to report certain required information with respect to accounts held by U.S. persons (or held by foreign entities that have U.S. persons as substantial owners) or (ii) reside in a jurisdiction that has entered into an intergovernmental agreement (“IGA”) with the United States to collect and share such information and are in compliance with the terms of such IGA and any enabling legislation or regulations. The types of income subject to the tax include U.S. source interest and dividends, and the gross proceeds from the sale of any property that could produce U.S.-source interest or dividends received after December 31, 2018. The information required to be reported includes the identity and taxpayer identification number of each account holder that is a U.S. person and transaction activity within the holder’s account. Depending on the status of a Non-U.S. stockholder and the status of the intermediaries through which they hold their shares, Non-U.S. stockholders could be subject to this 30% withholding tax with respect to distributions on their shares and proceeds from the sale of their shares. Stockholders may be requested to provide additional information to us to enable us to determine whether withholding is required, such as W-8BEN, W-8BEN-E or other applicable series W-8.

 

Non-U.S. persons should consult their own tax advisers with respect to the U.S. federal income tax and withholding tax, and state, local and foreign tax consequences of an investment in the shares.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Investing in our common stock involves a number of significant risks. The risks set forth below are not the only risks we face, and we may face other risks that we have not yet identified, which we do not currently deem material or which are not yet predictable. If any of the following events occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. In such case, the NAV of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

 

Risks Relating to Our Business and Structure

 

Flat Rock Global has no prior experience managing a BDC or a RIC.

 

While Messrs. Grunewald and Petrocelli have served as executive officers for other BDCs, Flat Rock Global has no prior experience managing a BDC or a RIC. Therefore, there is a risk that Flat Rock Global may not be able to successfully operate our business or achieve our investment objective. As a result, an investment in our shares of common stock may entail more risk than the shares of a comparable company with a substantial operating history.

 

The 1940 Act and the Code impose numerous constraints on the operations of BDCs and RICs that do not apply to the other types of investment vehicles. For example, under the 1940 Act, BDCs are required to invest at least 70% of their total assets primarily in securities of qualifying U.S. private or thinly traded companies. Moreover, qualification for RIC tax treatment under subchapter M of the Code requires satisfaction of source-of-income, diversification and other requirements. The failure to comply with these provisions in a timely manner could prevent us from qualifying as a BDC or a RIC or could force us to pay unexpected taxes and penalties, which could be material.

 

We are a thinly capitalized new company and have no operating history.

 

We were recently formed on March 20, 2017 and have not commenced material operations. As of May 18, 2017, our assets consist solely of $200,000 in cash contributed by Robert K. Grunewald in exchange for shares of our common stock.  We are subject to all of the business risks and uncertainties associated with any new business, including the risk that we will not achieve our investment objective and that the value of our common stock could decline substantially.

 

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Future disruptions or instability in capital markets could negatively impact the valuation of our investments and our ability to raise capital.

 

From time to time, the global capital markets may experience periods of disruption and instability, which could be prolonged and which could materially and adversely impact the broader financial and credit markets, have a negative impact on the valuations of our investments and reduce the availability to us of debt and equity capital. For example, between 2008 and 2009, instability in the global capital markets resulted in disruptions in liquidity in the debt capital markets, significant write-offs in the financial services sector, the re-pricing of credit risk in the broadly syndicated credit market and the failure of major domestic and international financial institutions. In particular, the financial services sector was negatively impacted by significant write-offs as the value of the assets held by financial firms declined, impairing their capital positions and abilities to lend and invest. More recently, the macroeconomic environment, including concerns regarding the Chinese economy, declines in commodity prices and increasing volatility, has led to, and may continue to lead to, decreased prices in the broadly syndicated credit market as investors re-price credit risk. While our investments will generally not be publicly traded, applicable accounting standards require us to assume as part of our valuation process that our investments are sold in a principal market to market participants (even if we plan on holding an investment through its maturity) and impairments of the market values or fair market values of our investments, even if unrealized, must be reflected in our financial statements for the applicable period, which could result in significant reductions to our net asset value for the period. With certain limited exceptions, we are only allowed to borrow amounts or issue debt securities if our asset coverage, as calculated pursuant to the 1940 Act, equals at least 200% immediately after such borrowing. Equity capital may also be difficult to raise during periods of adverse or volatile market conditions. If we are unable to raise capital or refinance existing debt on acceptable terms, then we may be limited in our ability to make new commitments or to fund existing commitments to our portfolio companies. Significant changes in the capital markets may also affect the pace of our investment activity and the potential for liquidity events involving our investments. Thus, the illiquidity of our investments may make it difficult for us to sell such investments to access capital if required, and as a result, we could realize significantly less than the value at which we have recorded our investments if we were required to sell them for liquidity purposes.

 

Unfavorable economic conditions or other factors may affect our ability to borrow for investment purposes, and may therefore adversely affect our ability to achieve our investment objective.

 

Unfavorable economic conditions or other factors could increase our funding costs, limit our access to the capital markets or result in a decision by lenders not to extend credit to us. An inability to successfully access the capital markets could limit our ability to grow our business and fully execute our business strategy and could decrease our earnings, if any.

 

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The amount of any distributions we pay is uncertain. Our distributions to our stockholders may exceed our earnings, particularly during the period before we have substantially invested the net proceeds from investors. Therefore, portions of the distributions that we pay may represent a return of capital to you which will reduce your tax basis in your shares and reduce the amount of funds we have for investment in targeted assets. We may not be able to pay you distributions, and our distributions may not grow over time.

 

Subject to our board of directors’ discretion and applicable legal restrictions, we intend to authorize and declare monthly distributions that will be paid on a monthly basis beginning no later than the first calendar quarter subsequent to our election to be regulated as a BDC. We will pay these distributions to our stockholders out of assets legally available for distribution. We have not established any limit on the extent to which we may use borrowings, if any, to fund distributions (which may reduce the amount of capital we ultimately invest in assets). We cannot assure you that we will achieve investment results that will allow us to make a targeted level of distributions or increase our distribution rate each year. Our ability to pay distributions may be adversely affected by, among other things, the impact of one or more of the risk factors described in this Registration Statement. In addition, the inability to satisfy the asset coverage test applicable to us as a BDC can limit our ability to pay distributions. All distributions will be paid at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our earnings, our financial condition, maintenance of our RIC status, compliance with applicable BDC regulations and such other factors as our board of directors may deem relevant from time to time. We cannot assure you that we will pay distributions to our stockholders in the future. In the event that we encounter delays in locating suitable investment opportunities, we may pay all or a substantial portion of our distributions from the investment proceeds or from borrowings in anticipation of future cash flow, which may constitute a return of your capital and will reduce your tax basis in your shares. Distributions from the investment proceeds or from borrowings also could reduce the amount of capital we ultimately invest in our portfolio companies. There can be no assurance that we will be able to sustain distributions at any particular level or at all.

 

Price declines in the market for Senior Loans may adversely affect the fair value of over-the-counter debt securities we hold, reducing our NAV through increased net unrealized depreciation.

 

Prior to the onset of the financial crisis, CLOs, which are a type of leveraged investment vehicle holding corporate loans, hedge funds and other highly leveraged investment vehicles, comprised the majority of the market for purchasing and holding senior secured and second lien secured loans. As the secondary market pricing of the loans underlying these portfolios deteriorated during the fourth quarter of 2008, many investors, as a result of their generally high degrees of leverage, were forced to raise cash by selling their interests in performing loans in order to satisfy margin requirements or the equivalent of margin requirements imposed by their lenders. This resulted in a forced deleveraging cycle of price declines, compulsory sales, and further price declines, with widespread redemption requests and other constraints resulting from the credit crisis generating further selling pressure. Conditions in the market for Senior Loans may deteriorate again, which may cause pricing levels to decline. As a result, we may suffer unrealized depreciation and could incur realized losses in connection with the sale of over-the-counter debt securities we acquire, which could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our ability to achieve our investment objective depends on Flat Rock Global’s ability to manage and support our investment process. If Flat Rock Global were to lose any members of its senior management team, our ability to achieve our investment objective could be significantly harmed.

 

We are externally managed and depend upon the investment expertise, diligence, skill and network of business contacts of Flat Rock Global’s investment professionals. We also depend, to a significant extent, on Flat Rock Global’s access to the investment professionals and the information and deal flow generated by these investment professionals in the course of their investment and portfolio management activities. Our success depends to a significant extent on the continued service and coordination of Flat Rock Global, including its key professionals, Robert K. Grunewald, our President and Chief Executive Officer, and Richard A.Petrocelli our Chief Operating Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Compliance Officer. The departure of either Mr. Grunewald or Mr. Petrocelli could have a material adverse effect on our ability to achieve our investment objective. In addition, we can offer no assurance that Flat Rock Global will remain our investment adviser or that we will continue to have access to their investment professionals or their information and deal flow.

 

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We may face increasing competition for investment opportunities, which could delay deployment of our capital, reduce returns and result in losses.

 

We will compete for investments with other BDCs and investment funds (including private equity funds and mezzanine funds), as well as traditional financial services companies such as commercial banks and other sources of funding. Moreover, alternative investment vehicles, such as hedge funds, also make similar investments in Senior Loans. Many of our competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do. For example, some competitors may have a lower cost of capital and access to funding sources that are not available to us. In addition, some of our competitors may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments than we have. These characteristics could allow our competitors to consider a wider variety of investments in Senior Loans, establish more relationships and offer better pricing and more flexible structuring than we are able to do. We may lose investment opportunities in Senior Loans or otherwise if we do not match our competitors’ pricing, terms and structure. If we are forced to match our competitors’ pricing, terms and structure, we may not be able to achieve acceptable returns on our investments in Senior Loans or otherwise or may bear substantial risk of capital loss. A significant part of our competitive advantage stems from the fact that the market for investments in Senior Loans is underserved by traditional commercial banks and other financial sources. A significant increase in the number or the size of our competitors in this market could force us to accept less attractive investment terms. Furthermore, many of our competitors have greater experience operating under, or are not subject to, the regulatory restrictions that the 1940 Act will impose on us as a BDC.

 

A significant portion of our investment portfolio will be recorded at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors, which may be without the benefit of an opinion of third-party valuation experts and, as a result, there is and will be uncertainty as to the value of our portfolio investments.

 

Under the 1940 Act, we are required to carry our portfolio investments at market value or, if there is no readily available market value, at fair value, as determined by our board of directors. However, the majority of our investments will not be publicly traded or actively traded on a secondary market and will instead be traded on a privately negotiated over-the-counter secondary market for institutional investors. As a result, we will value these securities quarterly at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors, with the assistance of one or more third-party valuation firms and/or pricing services.

 

Certain factors that may be considered in determining the fair value of our investments include dealer quotes for securities traded on the secondary market for institutional investors, the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the portfolio company’s earnings and its ability to make payments on its indebtedness, the markets in which the portfolio company does business, comparison to comparable publicly-traded companies, discounted cash flow and other relevant factors. Because such valuations, and particularly valuations of private securities and private companies, are inherently uncertain, may fluctuate over short periods of time and may be based on estimates, our determinations of fair value may differ materially from the values that would have been used if a ready market for these securities existed. Due to this uncertainty, our fair value determinations may cause our NAV on a given date to materially understate or overstate the value that we may ultimately realize upon the sale of one or more of our investments.

 

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Our board of directors may change certain of our operating policies and strategies without prior notice or stockholder approval, the effects of which may be adverse.

 

Our board of directors has the authority to modify or waive certain of our current operating policies, investment criteria and strategies without prior notice and without stockholder approval if it determines that doing so will be in the best interests of stockholders. We cannot predict the effect any changes to our current operating policies, investment criteria and strategies would have on our business, NAV, operating results and value of our common stock. Such effects might be adverse, which could negatively impact our ability to pay you distributions and cause you to lose all or part of your investment. Our election to be regulated and to operate as a BDC cannot be withdrawn or discontinued without a stockholder vote. However, we will have significant flexibility in investing and may invest in ways with which investors may not agree or for purposes other than those contemplated at this time.

 

Changes in laws or regulations governing our operations may adversely affect our business or cause us to alter our business strategy.

 

We and our portfolio companies will be subject to regulation at the local, state and federal level. New legislation may be enacted or new interpretations, rulings or regulations could be adopted, including those governing the types of investments we are permitted to make, any of which could harm us and our stockholders, potentially with retroactive effect.

 

Additionally, any changes to the laws and regulations governing our operations relating to permitted investments may cause us to alter our investment strategy to avail ourselves of new or different opportunities. Such changes could result in material differences to our strategies and plans and may result in our investment focus shifting from the areas of expertise of Flat Rock Global to other types of investments in which Flat Rock Global may have less expertise or little or no experience. Thus, any such changes, if they occur, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and the value of your investment.

 

We may experience fluctuations in our quarterly results.

 

We could experience fluctuations in our quarterly operating results due to a number of factors, including our ability or inability to make investments in Senior Loans that meet our investment criteria, variations in the interest rates on the debt securities we acquire, the level of our expenses, variations in and the timing of the recognition of realized and unrealized gains or losses, the degree to which we encounter competition in our markets and general economic conditions. As a result of these factors, results for any period should not be relied upon as being indicative of performance in future periods.

 

Terrorist attacks, acts of war or natural disasters may affect any market for our common stock, impact the businesses in which we invest and harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

Terrorist acts, acts of war or natural disasters may disrupt our operations, as well as the operations of the businesses in which we invest. Such acts have created, and continue to create, economic and political uncertainties and may contribute to global economic instability. Future terrorist activities, military or security operations, or natural disasters could further weaken the domestic/global economies and create additional uncertainties, which may negatively impact the businesses in which we invest directly or indirectly and, in turn, could have a material adverse impact on our business, operating results and financial condition. Losses from terrorist attacks and natural disasters are generally uninsurable.

 

Risks Related to Flat Rock Global

 

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Flat Rock Global and its affiliates, including our officers and some of our directors, will face conflicts of interest caused by compensation arrangements with us and our affiliates, and such compensation arrangements may induce Flat Rock Global to make speculative investments or incur debt.

 

Flat Rock Global and its affiliates will receive substantial fees from us in return for their services, and these fees could influence the advice provided to us. Among other matters, the compensation arrangements could affect their judgment with respect to investments described in this Registration Statement or any future private or public offerings of equity by us, which allow Flat Rock Global to earn increased management fees.

 

Further, the incentive fee payable by us to Flat Rock Global may create an incentive for it to make investments on our behalf that are risky or more speculative than would be the case in the absence of such compensation arrangement. The way in which the incentive fee payable to Flat Rock Global is determined may encourage Flat Rock Global to use leverage to increase the return on our investments. In addition, the fact that our management fee is payable based upon our gross assets, which would include any borrowings for investment purposes, may encourage Flat Rock Global to use leverage to make additional investments. Under certain circumstances, the use of leverage may increase the likelihood of default, which would disfavor holders of our common stock. Such a practice could result in our investing in more speculative securities than would otherwise be the case, which could result in higher investment losses, particularly during cyclical economic downturns.

 

The fees that we pay Flat Rock Global could impact our investment returns.

 

We pay management and incentive fees to Flat Rock Global, and reimburse Flat Rock Global for certain expenses it incurs. In addition, investors in our common stock will invest on a gross basis and receive distributions on a net basis after expenses, resulting in, among other things, a lower rate of return than one might achieve through direct investments.

 

The part of the incentive fee payable by us that relates to our pre-incentive fee net investment income is computed and paid on income that may include interest that is accrued but not yet received in cash. If a portfolio company defaults on a loan that is structured to provide accrued interest, it is possible that accrued interest previously used in the calculation of the incentive fee will become uncollectible. A portfolio company may default on a loan for which prior interest payments were part of the pre-incentive fee net investment income calculation.

 

In selecting and structuring investments appropriate for us, Flat Rock Global will consider the investment and tax objectives of the Company and our stockholders as a whole, not the investment, tax or other objectives of any stockholder individually.

 

Certain of our stockholders may have different investment, tax and other objectives with respect to their investments in us. The different interests of individual stockholders may relate to or arise from, among other things, the nature of our investments, the structure or the acquisition of our investments, and the timing of disposition of our investments. As a consequence, conflicts of interest may arise in connection with decisions made by Flat Rock Global, including with respect to the nature or structuring of our investments, that may be more beneficial for one stockholder than for another stockholder, especially with respect to stockholders’ individual tax situations.

 

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Risks Related to Business Development Companies

 

Our failure to invest a sufficient portion of our assets in qualifying assets could result in our failure to maintain our status as a business development company.

 

As a BDC, we may not acquire any assets other than “qualifying assets” unless, at the time of and after giving effect to such acquisition, at least 70.0% of our total assets are qualifying assets. See “Regulation as a Public Business Development Company.” Therefore, we may be precluded from investing in what we believe are attractive investments if such investments are not qualifying assets. If we fail to invest a sufficient portion of our assets in qualifying assets, we could lose our status as a BDC, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Similarly, these rules could prevent us from making additional investments in existing portfolio companies, which could result in the dilution of our position, or could require us to dispose of investments at an inopportune time to comply with the 1940 Act. If we were forced to sell non-qualifying investments in our portfolio for compliance purposes, the proceeds from such sale could be significantly less than the current value of such investments.

 

Failure to maintain our status as a BDC would reduce our operating flexibility.

 

If we do not maintain our status as a BDC, we might be regulated as a closed-end investment company under the 1940 Act, which would subject us to substantially more regulatory restrictions under the 1940 Act and correspondingly decrease our operating flexibility.

 

Regulations governing our operation as a BDC and RIC will affect our ability to raise, and the way in which we raise, additional capital or borrow for investment purposes, which may have a negative effect on our growth.

 

As a result of the annual distribution requirement to qualify as a RIC, we may need to periodically access the capital markets to raise cash to fund new investments. We may issue “senior securities,” including borrowing money from banks or other financial institutions only in amounts such that our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, meets the requirements under the 1940 Act, which currently requires an asset coverage ratio equaling at least 200% after such incurrence or issuance. Our ability to issue different types of securities is also limited. Compliance with these requirements may unfavorably limit our investment opportunities and reduce our ability in comparison to other companies to profit from favorable spreads between the rates at which we can borrow and the rates at which we can lend. As a BDC, therefore, we intend to continuously issue equity at a rate more frequent than our privately owned competitors, which may lead to greater stockholder dilution.

 

We expect to utilize leverage to generate capital to make additional investments. If the value of our assets declines, we may be unable to satisfy the asset coverage test under the 1940 Act, which could prohibit us  from paying distributions and could prevent us from qualifying as a RIC. If we cannot satisfy the asset coverage test, we may be required to sell a portion of our investments and, depending on the nature of our debt financing, repay a portion of our indebtedness at a time when such sales and repayments may be disadvantageous.

 

Under the 1940 Act, we generally are prohibited from issuing or selling our common stock at a price below NAV per share, which may be a disadvantage as compared with other public companies. We may, however, sell our common stock, or warrants, options or rights to acquire our common stock, at a price below the current NAV of the common stock if our board of directors, including a majority of the independent members of our board of directors, determine that such sale is in our best interests and the best interests of our stockholders, and our stockholders, including our stockholders that are not affiliated with us, approve such sale. In any such case, the price at which our securities are to be issued and sold may not be less than a price that, in the determination of our board of directors, closely approximates the fair value of such securities.

 

Our ability to enter into transactions with our affiliates will be restricted.

 

We will be prohibited under the 1940 Act from participating in certain transactions with certain of our affiliates without the prior approval of a majority of the independent members of our board of directors and, in some cases, the SEC. Any person that owns, directly or indirectly, 5.0% or more of our outstanding voting securities will be our affiliate for purposes of the 1940 Act and we will generally be prohibited from buying or selling any

 

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securities from or to such affiliate, absent the prior approval of our board of directors. The 1940 Act also prohibits certain “joint” transactions with certain of our affiliates, which could include investments in the same portfolio company (whether at the same or different times), without prior approval of our board of directors and, in some cases, the SEC. If a person acquires more than 25.0% of our voting securities, we will be prohibited from buying or selling any security from or to such person or certain of that person’s affiliates, or entering into prohibited joint transactions with such persons, absent the prior approval of the SEC. Similar restrictions limit our ability to transact business with our officers or directors or their affiliates. As a result of these restrictions, we may be prohibited from buying or selling any security from or to any portfolio company of a private equity fund managed by Flat Rock Global without the prior approval of the SEC, which may limit the scope of investment opportunities that would otherwise be available to us.

 

We are uncertain of our sources for funding our future capital needs; if we cannot obtain debt or equity financing on acceptable terms, our ability to acquire investments and to expand our operations will be adversely affected.

 

The net proceeds from the sale of shares will be used for our investment opportunities, operating expenses and for payment of various fees and expenses such as management fees, incentive fees and other fees. Any working capital reserves we maintain may not be sufficient for investment purposes, and we may require debt or equity financing to operate. Accordingly, in the event that we develop a need for additional capital in the future for investments or for any other reason, these sources of funding may not be available to us. Consequently, if we cannot obtain debt or equity financing on acceptable terms, our ability to acquire investments and to expand our operations will be adversely affected. As a result, we would be less able to achieve portfolio diversification and our investment objective, which may negatively impact our results of operations and reduce our ability to pay distributions to our stockholders.

 

Risks Related to Our Investments

 

Our investments in Senior Loans involve risk and we could lose all or part of our investment.

 

Investing in Senior Loans involves a number of significant risks. Below investment grade Senior Loans have historically experienced greater default rates than has been the case for investment grade securities. We intend to achieve our investment objective by investing in a portfolio composed primarily of securities that are rated below investment grade by rating agencies, or that would be rated below investment grade if they were rated. Below investment grade securities, which are often referred to as “junk” or “junk bonds,” have predominantly speculative characteristics with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal. They may also be difficult to value and illiquid. There can be no assurance as to the levels of  defaults or recoveries that may be experienced on our investments in Senior Loans. Senior Loans in which we invest may be issued by companies with limited financial resources and limited access to alternative financing. Issuers of Senior Loans may be unable to meet their obligations under their debt securities that we hold. Such developments may be accompanied by deterioration in the value of collateral backing our investments. This could lead to a decline in value of our Senior Loan investments, which could result in a decline in our net earnings and NAV.

 

We may engage in active and frequent trading of Senior Loans, which could result in a relatively high portfolio turnover rate and a more volatile NAV per share. In addition, active and frequent trading will result in increased transaction and execution costs, which could negatively impact our financial condition and your investment in us.

 

We may engage in active and frequent trading of Senior Loans. If we pursue this strategy, we expect that we will have a relatively high portfolio turnover rate. Portfolio turnover and active and frequent trading may lead to the realization and distribution to our stockholders of higher short-term capital gains, which would increase their tax liability. Further, active and frequent trading generally involves some expense to us and to our stockholders, such as higher transactional and brokerage costs associated with the portfolio turnover, which may reduce our returns to our stockholders. These trading costs and tax effects associated with portfolio turnover may also adversely affect our performance.

 

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In addition, active and frequent trading will result in a more volatile NAV per share. Active trading could result in the value of our portfolio appreciating or decreasing significantly over short periods of time, also causing our NAV per share to experience significant increases or decreases over short periods of time.

 

We intend to invest in Senior Loans, which include Senior Loans of large-market companies. An investment in such Senior Loans bears lower credit risk and correspondingly offers lower yields. As a result, investments in these Senior Loans could result in a lower distribution rate than distribution rates of comparable BDCs.

 

An investment in Senior Loans, like an investment in any debt instrument, is a function of the credit risk associated with the borrower. Credit risk is the risk that a borrower will fail to make principal and interest payments when due or otherwise default on the terms of the debt instrument. Borrowers with higher credit risk typically offer higher yields to compensate for this added risk of default. Conversely, borrowers with lower credit risk typically offer lower yields. Therefore, under normal market conditions, an investment in a Senior Loan of a borrower with a higher credit risk will generate a higher yield to investor, assuming the borrower makes all required interest and principal payments in a timely manner and according to the terms of the debt instrument.

 

We intend to invest in Senior Loans, which include Senior Loans of large-market companies. Large-market companies typically have lower credit risk and a correspondingly lower yield. Lower yields from our Senior Loan investments could therefore result in a lower distribution rate to our stockholders than the distribution rates of other BDCs that make investments in primarily or exclusively middle-market and lower middle-market companies. As a result, an investment in us may result in a lower return than an investment in other BDCs.

 

We may acquire interests in Senior Loans either directly or indirectly. A holder of a participation in a loan is subject to additional risks not applicable to a holder of a direct interest in a loan.

 

We may acquire interests in Senior Loans either directly (by way of assignment from the selling institution) or indirectly (by purchasing a participation from the selling institution). As described in more detail below, holders of participations are subject to additional risks not applicable to a holder of a direct interest in a loan.

 

Participations we acquire in a selling institution’s portion of a loan typically result in a contractual relationship only with such selling institution, not with the borrower. In the case of a participation, we will generally have the right to receive payments of principal, interest and any fees to which we are entitled only from the institution selling the participation and only upon receipt by such selling institution of such payments from the borrower. By holding a participation in a loan, we generally will have no right to enforce compliance by the borrower with the terms of the loan agreement and may not directly benefit from the collateral supporting the loan in which we have purchased the participation. As a result, we will assume the credit risk of both the borrower and the institution selling the participation, which will remain the legal owner of record of the applicable loan. In the event of the insolvency of the selling institution, we may be treated as a general unsecured creditor of the selling institution, and even to the extent we are considered to have rights to the underlying loan proceeds, the value of such rights may be diminished by the exercise of setoff between the selling institution and the borrower.

 

In addition, we may purchase a participation from a selling institution that does not itself retain any beneficial interest in any portion of the applicable loan and, therefore, may have limited interest in monitoring the terms of the loan agreement and the continuing creditworthiness of the borrower. When we hold a participation in a loan, we will not have the right to vote under the applicable loan agreement with respect to every matter that arises thereunder, and it is expected that each selling institution will reserve the right to administer the loan sold by it as it sees fit and, subject to the terms of the participation agreement, to amend the documentation evidencing such loan in all respects. Selling institutions voting in connection with such matters may have interests different from ours and may fail to consider our interests in connection with their votes.

 

In contrast, the purchaser of an assignment of an interest in a loan typically succeeds to all of the rights and obligations of the assigning selling institution and becomes a lender under the loan agreement with respect to that loan. As a purchaser of an assignment, we generally will have the same voting rights as other lenders under the applicable loan agreement, including the right to approve amendments to the loan agreement, to waive enforcement

 

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of breaches of covenants or to enforce compliance by the borrower with the terms of the loan agreement, and the right to set off claims against the borrower and to have recourse to collateral supporting the loan. Assignments are, however, arranged through private negotiations between assignees and assignors, and in certain cases the rights and obligations acquired by the purchaser of an assignment may differ from, and be more limited than, those held by the assigning selling institution.

 

Assignments and participations are sold without recourse to the selling institutions, and the selling institutions will generally make minimal or no representations or warranties about the underlying loans, the borrowers, the documentation of the loans or any collateral securing the loans. In addition, we will be bound by provisions of the underlying loan agreements, if any, that require the preservation of the confidentiality of information provided by the borrower.

 

Changes in interest rates may affect our net investment income and net asset value.

 

Our net investment income will depend, in part, upon the difference between the rate at which we borrow funds and the rate at which we invest those funds. As a result, we can offer no assurance that a significant change in interest rates would not have a material adverse effect on our net investment income. In periods of declining interest rates, our interest income could decrease, which could reduce our net investment income.

 

In addition, a substantial amount of our debt investments are likely to be based on floating rates, such as LIBOR, EURIBOR, the Federal Funds Rate or the Prime Rate. General interest rate fluctuations may have a substantial negative impact our investments, the value of our shares and our rate of return on invested capital. A reduction in the interest rates on new investments relative to interest rates on current investments could also have an adverse impact on our investment income. An increase in interest rates could decrease the value of any investments we hold which earn fixed interest rates, including subordinated loans, senior and junior secured and unsecured debt securities and loans and high yield bonds, and also could increase our interest expense, thereby decreasing our net investment income. Also, an increase in interest rates available to investors could make investment in our common stock less attractive if we are not able to increase our distributions, which could reduce the value of our shares. Also, an increase in interest rates may result in an increase of the amount of our pre-incentive fee net investment income and, as a result, an increase in incentive fees payable to the Adviser.

 

We may seek to hedge against interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations and credit risk by using structured financial instruments such as futures, options, swaps and forward contracts, subject to the requirements of the 1940 Act. Use of structured financial instruments for hedging purposes may present significant risks, including the risk of loss of the amounts invested. Defaults by the other party to a hedging transaction can result in losses in the hedging transaction. Hedging activities also involve the risk of an imperfect correlation between the hedging instrument and the asset being hedged, which could result in losses both on the hedging transaction and on the instrument being hedged. Use of hedging activities may not prevent significant losses and could increase our losses. Further, hedging transactions may reduce cash available to pay distributions to our shareholders.

 

The interest rate environment in the medium- and large-sized U.S. corporate debt market may experience disruption in the future, which may cause pricing levels to decline or be volatile. As a result, our net asset value could decline through an increase in unrealized depreciation and incurrence of realized losses in connection with the sale of our investments, which could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our portfolio companies may incur debt that ranks equally with, or senior to, our investments in such companies.

 

Our portfolio companies may have, or may be permitted to incur, other debt that ranks equally with, or senior to, the debt in which we invest. By their terms, such debt instruments may entitle the holders to receive payment of interest or principal on or before the dates on which we are entitled to receive payments with respect to the debt instruments in which we invest. Also, in the event of insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of a portfolio company, holders of debt instruments ranking senior to our investment in that portfolio company would typically be entitled to receive payment in full before we receive any distribution. After repaying such senior creditors, such portfolio company may not have any remaining assets to use for repaying its obligation to

 

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us. In the case of debt ranking equally with debt instruments in which we invest, we would have to share on an equal basis any distributions with other creditors holding such debt in the event of an insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of the relevant portfolio company.

 

There may be circumstances where our debt investments could be subordinated to claims of other creditors or we could be subject to lender liability claims.

 

Even though we intend to generally structure certain of our investments as senior loans, if one of our portfolio companies were to go bankrupt, depending on the facts and circumstances, including the extent to which we actually provided managerial assistance to that portfolio company, a bankruptcy court might recharacterize our debt investment and subordinate all or a portion of our claim to that of other creditors. In situations where a bankruptcy carries a high degree of political significance, our legal rights may be subordinated to other creditors. We may also be subject to lender liability claims for actions taken by us with respect to a borrower’s business or instances where we exercise control over the borrower. A number of judicial decisions have upheld judgments of borrowers against lending institutions on the basis of various evolving legal theories, collectively termed “lender liability.” Generally, lender liability is founded on the premise that a lender has violated a duty (whether implied or contractual) of good faith, commercial reasonableness and fair dealing, or a similar duty owed to the borrower or has assumed an excessive degree of control over the borrower resulting in the creation of a fiduciary duty owed to the borrower or its other creditors or stockholders. Because of the nature of our debt investments we may be subject to allegations of lender liability.

 

In addition, under common law principles that in some cases form the basis for lender liability claims, if a lender or bondholder (a) intentionally takes an action that results in the undercapitalization of a borrower to the detriment of other creditors of such borrower, (b) engages in other inequitable conduct to the detriment of such other creditors, (c) engages in fraud with respect to, or makes misrepresentations to, such other creditors or (d) uses its influence as a stockholder to dominate or control a borrower to the detriment of other creditors of such borrower, a court may elect to subordinate the claim of the offending lender or bondholder to the claims of the disadvantaged creditor or creditors, a remedy called “equitable subordination.” Because of the nature of our debt investments, we may be subject to claims of equitable subordination.

 

Because affiliates of, or persons related to, Flat Rock Global may hold equity or other interests in obligors of our portfolio companies, we could be exposed to claims for equitable subordination or lender liability or both based on such equity or other holdings.

 

The preceding discussion is based upon principles of U.S. federal and state laws. Insofar as debt investments are obligations of non-U.S. obligors, the laws of certain foreign jurisdictions may impose liability upon lenders or bondholders under factual circumstances similar to those described above, with consequences that may or may not be analogous to those described above under U.S. federal and state laws.

 

We may invest in obligations of non-U.S. obligors, which involve certain risks related to regional economic conditions and risks not normally associated with investments in the obligations of sovereign and corporate obligors located in the United States.

 

To qualify and maintain our qualification as a BDC, we must generally invest 70% of our investments in U.S.-based companies.  We may also invest in obligations of obligors organized or incorporated under the laws of a country other than the United States or a state or territory thereof. Investments in the obligations of non-U.S. obligors involve certain special risks related to regional economic conditions and sovereign risks which are not normally associated with investments in the obligations of sovereign and corporate obligors located in the United States. We are unable to provide any information regarding the specific risks associated with purchasing a loan, participation interest or other investment governed by a law other than those of a U.S. jurisdiction. These risks may include and economic uncertainty, fluctuations of currency exchange rates, lower levels of disclosure and regulation in foreign securities markets, confiscatory taxation, taxation of income earned in foreign nations or other taxes or restrictions imposed with respect to investments in foreign nations, foreign exchange controls (which may include suspension of the ability to transfer currency from a given country and repatriation of investments) and uncertainties

 

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as to the status, interpretation and application of laws including, but not limited to those relating to insolvency. In addition, there is often less publicly available information about non-U.S. obligors than about sovereign and corporate obligors in the United States. Sovereign and corporate obligors in countries other than the United States may not be subject to uniform accounting, auditing and financial reporting standards, and auditing practices and requirements for both foreign public and private obligors may not be comparable to those applicable to U.S. companies. It also may be difficult to obtain and enforce a judgment relating to investments issued by a non-U.S. obligor in a court outside the United States.

 

Second priority liens on collateral securing our loans may be subject to control by senior creditors with first priority liens. If there is a default, the value of the collateral may not be sufficient to repay in full both the first priority creditors and us.

 

Some of our loans will be secured on a second priority basis by the same collateral securing senior secured debt of the portfolio companies. The first priority liens on the collateral will secure the portfolio company’s obligations under any outstanding senior debt and may secure certain other future debt that may be permitted to be incurred by the company under the agreements governing the loans. The holders of obligations secured by the first priority liens on the collateral will generally control the liquidation of and be entitled to receive proceeds from any realization of the collateral to repay their obligations in full before we receive anything. In addition, the value of the collateral in the event of liquidation will depend on market and economic conditions, the availability of buyers and other factors. There can be no assurance that the proceeds, if any, from the sale or sales of all of the collateral would be sufficient to satisfy the loan obligations secured by the second priority liens after payment in full of all obligations secured by the first priority liens on the collateral. If such proceeds are not sufficient to repay amounts outstanding under the loan obligations secured by the second priority liens, then we, to the extent not repaid from the proceeds of the sale of the collateral, will only have an unsecured claim against the company’s remaining assets, if any.

 

The rights we may have with respect to the collateral securing the loans we make to our portfolio companies with senior debt outstanding may also be limited pursuant to the terms of one or more intercreditor agreements that we enter into with the holders of senior debt. Under such an intercreditor agreement, at any time that obligations that have the benefit of the first priority liens are outstanding, any of the following actions that may be taken in respect of the collateral will be at the direction of the holders of the obligations secured by the first priority liens: the ability to cause the commencement of enforcement proceedings against the collateral; the ability to control the conduct of such proceedings; the approval of amendments to collateral documents; releases of liens on the collateral; and waivers of past defaults under collateral documents. We may not have the ability to control or direct such actions, even if our rights are adversely affected.

 

We generally will not control our portfolio companies.

 

We generally will not control our portfolio companies, even though we may have board representation or board observation rights, and our debt agreements may contain certain restrictive covenants. As a result, we  are subject to the risk that a portfolio company in which we invest may make business decisions with which we disagree and the management of such company, as representatives of the holders of their common equity, may take risks or otherwise act in ways that do not serve our interests as debt investors. Due to the lack of liquidity for our investments in privately held companies, we may not be able to dispose of our interests in our portfolio companies as readily as we would like or at an appropriate valuation. As a result, a portfolio company may make decisions that could decrease the value of our portfolio holdings.

 

Defaults by our portfolio companies will harm our operating results.

 

A portfolio company’s failure to satisfy financial or operating covenants imposed by us or other lenders could lead to defaults and, potentially, termination of its loans and foreclosure on its secured assets, which could trigger cross-defaults under other agreements and jeopardize a portfolio company’s ability to meet its obligations under the debt or equity securities that we hold. We may incur expenses to the extent necessary to seek recovery

 

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upon default or to negotiate new terms, which may include the waiver of certain financial covenants, with a defaulting portfolio company.

 

We intend to hold Senior Loans issued by companies that may enter into bankruptcy proceedings.

 

Senior Loan issuers may experience bankruptcy or similar financial distress. The bankruptcy process has a number of significant inherent risks. Many events in a bankruptcy proceeding are the product of contested matters and adversary proceedings and are beyond the control of the creditors. A bankruptcy filing by an issuer may adversely and permanently affect the issuer. If the proceeding is converted to a liquidation, the value of the issuer may be significantly less than the liquidation value that was believed to exist at the time of the investment. The duration of a bankruptcy proceeding is also difficult to predict, and a creditor’s return on investment can be adversely affected by delays until the plan of reorganization or liquidation ultimately becomes effective. The administrative costs of a bankruptcy proceeding are frequently high and would be paid out of the debtor’s estate prior to any return to creditors. Because the standards for classification of claims under bankruptcy law are vague, our influence with respect to the class of securities or other obligations we own may be lost by increases in the number and amount of claims in the same class or by different classification and treatment. In the early stages of the bankruptcy process, it is often difficult to estimate the extent of, or even to identify, any contingent claims that might be made. In addition, certain claims that have priority by law (for example, claims for taxes) may be substantial.

 

We may participate on creditors’ committees to negotiate the management of financially troubled companies.

 

We may (through an agent) participate on committees formed by creditors to negotiate the management of financially troubled companies that may or may not be in bankruptcy or we may seek to negotiate directly with the debtors with respect to restructuring issues. If we do join a creditors’ committee, the participants of the committee would be interested in obtaining an outcome that is in their respective individual best interests and there can be no assurance of obtaining results most favorable to our interests. By participating on such committees, we may be deemed to have duties to other creditors represented by the committees, which might expose us to liability to such other creditors who disagree with our actions.

 

We may also be provided with material non-public information that may restrict our ability to trade in such company’s securities. While we intend to comply with all applicable securities laws and to make judgments concerning restrictions on trading in good faith, we may trade in a company’s securities while engaged in such company’s restructuring activities. Such trading creates a risk of litigation and liability that may cause us to incur significant legal fees and potential losses.

 

Engaging in hedging transactions may expose us to additional risks

 

We may enter into interest rate or currency hedges. Hedging against interest rate and currency fluctuations may expose us to additional risks and could harm our financial performance. Our use of hedging would not eliminate the risk that the value of our investments could decline or that our investment performance would be better off if we did not hedge. The effectiveness of our hedging is dependent on the price we pay for the hedge and the correlation of the hedge to the risk it is designed to mitigate. It may arise that the cost of a hedging instrument exceeds its expected benefits or that an instrument may not hedge all of the risk for which it was designed to mitigate. Additionally, the use of hedging instruments exposes us to counterparty risk including the failure to perform under the contract such as nonpayment. In the case of the early termination of a hedge agreement upon the occurrence of certain events of default or termination events set forth in the hedge agreement we may be required to make a payment to the hedge provider.

 

Risks Associated with OID and PIK Interest Income

 

Although we do not expect that a significant portion of our income will be comprised of OID and PIK income, we may make investments that include OID and PIK components. To the extent OID and PIK interest income constitute a portion of our income, we will be exposed to risks associated with such income being required to be included in an accounting income and taxable income prior to receipt of cash, including the following:

 

·      OID instruments and PIK securities may have unreliable valuations because the accretion of OID as interest income and the continuing accruals of PIK securities require judgments about their collectability and the collectability of deferred payments and the value of any associated collateral.

 

·      OID instruments may create heightened credit risks because the inducement to the borrower to accept higher interest rates in exchange for the deferral of cash payments typically represents, to some extent, speculation on the part of the borrower.

 

·      For accounting purposes, cash distributions to shareholders that include a component of accreted OID income do not come from paid-in capital, although they may be paid from the offering proceeds. Thus, although a distribution of accreted OID income may come from the cash invested by the stockholders, the 1940 Act does not require that shareholders be given notice of this fact.

 

·      The higher interest rates on PIK securities reflects the payment deferral and increased credit risk associated with such instruments and PIK securities generally represent a significantly higher credit risk than coupon loans.

 

·      The presence of accreted OID income and PIK interest income create the risk of non-refundable cash payments to the Advisor in the form of incentive fees on income based on non-cash accreted OID income and PIK interest income accruals that may never be realized.

 

·      Even if accounting conditions are met, borrowers on such securities could still default when the Company’s actual collection is expected to occur at the maturity of the obligation.

 

·      PIK interest has the effect of generating investment income and increasing the incentive fees payable at a compounding rate. In addition, the deferral of PIK interest also reduces the loan-to-value ratio at a compounding rate.

 

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Prepayments of Senior Loans of our portfolio companies could adversely impact our results of operations and reduce our return on equity.

 

We are subject to the risk that the investments in Senior Loans that we make in our portfolio companies may be repaid prior to maturity. When this occurs, we will generally reinvest these proceeds in temporary investments, pending their future investment in new portfolio companies. These temporary investments will typically have substantially lower yields than the debt representing the Senior Loan being prepaid, and we could experience significant delays in reinvesting these amounts. Any future investment in a new portfolio company may also be at lower yields than the debt that was repaid. As a result, our results of operations could be materially adversely affected if one or more of our portfolio companies elect to prepay amounts owed to us. Additionally, prepayments, net of prepayment fees, could negatively impact our return on equity.

 

Risks Relating to Debt Financing

 

If we borrow money, the potential for gain or loss on amounts invested in us will be magnified and may increase the risk of investing in us.

 

The use of borrowings, also known as leverage, increases the volatility of investments by magnifying the potential for gain or loss on invested equity capital. If we use leverage to partially finance our investments, through borrowing from banks and other lenders, you will experience increased risks of investing in our common stock. If the value of our assets increases, leveraging would cause the NAV attributable to our common stock to increase more sharply than it would have had we not leveraged. Conversely, if the value of our assets decreases, leveraging would cause our NAV to decline more sharply than it otherwise would have had we not leveraged. Similarly, any increase in our income in excess of interest payable on the borrowed funds would cause our net income to increase more than it would without the leverage, while any decrease in our income would cause net income to decline more sharply than it would have had we not borrowed. Such a decline could negatively affect our ability to make common stock distribution payments. Leverage is generally considered a speculative investment technique.

 

As a BDC, we generally are required to meet a coverage ratio of total assets to total borrowings and other senior securities, which include all of our borrowings and any preferred stock that we may issue in the future, of at least 200%. If this ratio declines below 200%, we cannot incur additional debt and could be required to sell a portion of our investments to repay some debt when it is disadvantageous to do so. This could have a material adverse effect on our operations, and may cause us to be unable to make distributions. The amount of leverage that we employ will depend on Flat Rock Global’s and our board of directors’ assessment of market and other factors at the time of any proposed borrowing.

 

In addition, during the last session of Congress, the Financial Services Committee in the U.S. House of Representatives approved legislation that would, among other things, decrease this asset coverage amount such that a BDC would be able to maintain a 1:1 ratio between its total assets and indebtedness. If similar legislation is approved by Congress and signed into law by the President, we would be permitted to incur leverage beyond the current limitations of the 1940 Act, which would further increase the risks of loss in the event of a decline in the value of our assets. This legislation would also increase the risks of an investment in our common stock.

 

Changes in interest rates may affect our cost of capital and net investment income.

 

Since we intend to use debt to finance investments, our net investment income will depend, in part, upon the difference between the rate at which we borrow funds and the rate at which we invest those funds. As a result, we can offer no assurance that a significant change in market interest rates will not have a material adverse effect on our net investment income. In periods of rising interest rates when we have debt outstanding, our cost of funds will increase, which could reduce our net investment income. We expect that our long-term fixed-rate investments will be financed primarily with equity and long-term debt. We may use interest rate risk management techniques in an effort to limit our exposure to interest rate fluctuations. These techniques may include various interest rate hedging activities to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act. These activities may limit our ability to participate in the benefits of lower interest rates with respect to the hedged portfolio. Adverse developments resulting from changes in interest rates or hedging transactions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

You should also be aware that a rise in the general level of interest rates can be expected to lead to higher interest rates applicable to our debt investments. Accordingly, an increase in interest rates would make it easier for us to meet or exceed the incentive fee preferred return and may result in a substantial increase of the amount of incentive fees payable to Flat Rock Global with respect to pre-incentive fee net investment income. See “Investment Advisory Agreement.”

 

 

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Risks Relating to Our Common Stock

 

Our shares will not be listed on an exchange or quoted through a quotation system for the foreseeable future, if ever. Therefore, investors that purchase our shares will have limited liquidity.

 

The shares registered by this Registration Statement are illiquid assets for which there is not expected to be any secondary market nor is it expected that any will develop in the future. We intend to explore a potential liquidity event for our stockholders between five and seven years following the completion of our offering stage. However, there can be no assurance that we will complete a liquidity event within such time or at all. We expect that our board of directors, in the exercise of its duties to us, will determine to pursue a liquidity event when it believes that then-current market conditions are favorable for a liquidity event, and that such an event is in our best interests. A liquidity event could include (1) the sale of all or substantially all of our assets either on a complete portfolio basis or individually followed by a liquidation, (2) a listing of our shares on a national securities exchange or (3) a merger or another transaction approved by our board in which our stockholders will receive cash or shares of a publicly traded company.

 

While our intention is to explore a potential liquidity event between five and seven years following the completion of our offering stage, which may be extended for an indefinite period of time, there can be no assurance that a suitable transaction will be available or that market conditions for a liquidity event will be favorable during that timeframe.

 

Under the terms of our charter, our board of directors is authorized to issue shares of preferred stock with rights and privileges superior to common stockholders without common stockholder approval.

 

Even though we have no current intention to do so, under the terms of our charter, our board of directors is authorized to issue shares of preferred stock in one or more classes or series without stockholder approval. Our board has discretion to set the terms, preferences, conversion or other rights, voting powers, restrictions, limitations as to dividends or other distributions, qualifications and terms or conditions of redemption for each class or series of preferred stock.

 

Every issuance of preferred stock will be required to comply with the requirements of the 1940 Act. The 1940 Act requires, among other things, that (1) immediately after issuance and before any distribution is made with respect to our common stock and before any purchase of common stock is made, such preferred stock together with all other senior securities must not exceed an amount equal to 50.0% of our total assets after deducting the amount

 

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of such distribution or purchase price, as the case may be, and (2) the holders of shares of preferred stock, if any are issued, must be entitled as a class to elect two directors at all times and to elect a majority of the directors if distributions on such preferred stock are in arrears by two years or more. Certain matters under the 1940 Act require the separate vote of the holders of any issued and outstanding preferred stock.

 

Certain provisions of our charter and bylaws as well as provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law could deter takeover attempts and have an adverse impact on the value of our common stock.

 

Our charter and bylaws, as well as certain statutory and regulatory requirements, contain certain provisions that may have the effect of discouraging a third party from attempting to acquire us. Under the Maryland General Corporation Law, “control shares” acquired in a “control share acquisition” have no voting rights except to the extent approved by a vote of two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, excluding shares owned by the acquiror, by officers or by employees who are directors of the corporation. Our bylaws contain a provision exempting from the Control Share Acquisition Act under the Maryland General Corporation Law any and all acquisitions by any person of our shares of stock. Our board may amend the bylaws to remove that exemption in whole or in part without stockholder approval. It is the position of the staff of the SEC’s Division of Investment Management that if a BDC fails to amend its bylaws to opt out of the Control Share Acquisition Act, the BDC acts in a manner inconsistent with the 1940 Act.

 

Under the Maryland General Corporation Law, certain statutory provisions permit a corporation that is subject to the Exchange Act and that has at least three independent directors to be subject to certain corporate governance provisions notwithstanding any contrary provision in the corporation’s charter and bylaws. Among other provisions, a board of directors may classify itself without the vote of stockholders. Further, our board of directors, by electing into certain statutory provisions and notwithstanding any contrary provision in the charter or bylaws, may (i) provide that a special meeting of stockholders will be called only at the request of stockholders entitled to cast at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast at the meeting, (ii) reserve for itself the right to fix the number of directors, and (iii) retain for itself the exclusive power to fill vacancies created by the death, removal or resignation of a director. A corporation may be prohibited by its charter or by resolution of its board of directors from electing to be subject to any of the provisions of the statute. We are not prohibited from implementing any or all of the statute.

 

Additionally, our board of directors may, without stockholder action, amend our charter from time to time to increase or decrease the aggregate number of shares of stock or the number of shares of stock of any class or series that we have authority to issue. These provisions may inhibit a change of control in circumstances that could give the holders of our common stock the opportunity to realize a premium over the value of our common stock.

 

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Federal Income Tax Risks

 

If we fail to qualify or maintain our qualification as a RIC, we would be subject to certain corporate-level taxes.

 

To obtain and maintain RIC tax treatment under the Code, we must meet the following annual distribution, income source and asset diversification requirements. See “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations.”

 

·                  The annual distribution requirement for a RIC will be satisfied if we distribute to our stockholders on an annual basis at least 90.0% of our net ordinary income and net short-term capital gain in excess of net long-term capital loss, if any. We will be subject to corporate-level U.S. federal income tax on any of our undistributed income or gain. Additionally, we will be subject to a 4.0% nondeductible federal excise tax to the extent that we do not satisfy certain additional minimum distribution requirements on a calendar-year basis. Because we may use debt financing, we are subject to an asset coverage ratio requirement under the 1940 Act and may in the future become subject to certain financial covenants under loan and credit agreements that could, under certain circumstances, restrict us from making distributions necessary to satisfy the distribution requirement. If we are unable to obtain cash from other sources, we could fail to qualify for RIC tax treatment and thus become subject to corporate-level income tax.

 

·                  The income source requirement will be satisfied if we obtain at least 90.0% of our gross income for each year from dividends, interest, gains from the sale of stock or securities or similar sources.

 

·                  The asset diversification requirements must be satisfied at the end of each quarter of our taxable year. At least 50.0% of the value of our assets must consist of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities, securities of other RICs, and other acceptable securities; and no more than 25.0% of the value of our assets can be invested in the securities, other than U.S. government securities or securities of other RICs, of one issuer, of two or more issuers that are controlled, as determined under applicable Code rules, by us and that are engaged in the same or similar or related trades or businesses or of certain “qualified publicly traded partnerships.” Failure to meet these requirements may result in our having to dispose of certain investments quickly in order to prevent the loss of RIC status. Because most of our investments will be in private companies, and therefore will be relatively illiquid, any such dispositions could be made at disadvantageous prices and could result in substantial losses.

 

If we fail to qualify for or maintain RIC tax treatment for any reason and are subject to corporate income tax, the resulting corporate taxes could substantially reduce our net assets, the amount of income available for distribution and the amount of our distributions. We may also be subject to certain U.S. federal excise taxes, as well as state, local and foreign taxes.

 

We may have difficulty paying our required distributions if we recognize income before or without receiving cash representing such income.

 

For federal income tax purposes, we may be required to recognize taxable income in circumstances in which we do not receive a corresponding payment in cash. For example, if we hold debt obligations that are treated under applicable tax rules as having original issue discount (such as debt instruments with PIK interest or, in certain cases, increasing interest rates or debt instruments that were issued with warrants), we must include in income each year a portion of the original issue discount that accrues over the life of the obligation, regardless of whether cash representing such income is received by us in the same taxable year. We may also have to include in income other amounts that we have not yet received in cash, such as deferred loan origination fees that are paid after origination of the loan or are paid in non-cash compensation such as warrants or stock. We anticipate that a portion of our income may constitute original issue discount or other income required to be included in taxable income prior to receipt of cash. Further, we may elect to amortize market discounts and include such amounts in our taxable income in the current year, instead of upon disposition, as an election not to do so would limit our ability to deduct interest expenses for tax purposes.

 

Because any original issue discount or other amounts accrued will be included in our investment company taxable income for the year of the accrual, we may be required to make a distribution to our stockholders in order to satisfy the annual distribution requirement even though we will not have received any corresponding cash amount. As a result, we may have difficulty meeting the annual distribution requirement necessary to obtain and maintain RIC tax treatment under the Code. We may have to sell some of our investments at times or at prices we would not consider advantageous, raise additional debt or equity capital or forgo new investment opportunities for this purpose. If we are not able to obtain cash from other sources, we may fail to qualify for RIC tax treatment and become

 

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subject to corporate-level income tax. For additional discussion regarding the tax implications of a RIC, see “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations —Taxation as a RIC.”

 

Item 2. Financial Information

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Overview

 

We are a newly organized specialty finance company formed as a Maryland corporation on March 20, 2017 to primarily make investments in Senior Loans. We are an externally managed, non-diversified closed-end investment company that intends to elect to be treated as a BDC under the 1940 Act, and that intends to elect to be taxed for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and to qualify annually thereafter, as a RIC under the Code.

 

Our investment objective is the preservation of capital while generating current income from an dept investments and seeking to maximize our portfolio’s total return.  We intend to achieve this objective by investing in a portfolio composed primarily of Senior Loans of U.S. middle-market companies. We intend to achieve our investment objective by (i) accessing the established loan origination channels developed by our management team, (ii) selecting investments within our core middle-market focus, (iii) partnering with experienced private equity firms, or sponsors, in many cases with whom our management team has invested alongside in the past, (iv) implementing disciplined underwriting standards and (v) drawing upon the aggregate experience and resources of our management team.  We expect that most of our Senior Loans will be made to borrowers with EBITDA of between $10 million and $75 million annually.

 

Flat Rock Global will also periodically evaluate all investments that are not Senior Loans to determine whether we should dispose of assets that are not Senior Loans. In addition, Flat Rock Global will evaluate our portfolio on a regular basis to determine whether to acquire opportunistic investments that are not Senior Loans. We intend to utilize leverage to enhance stockholder returns, and believe that, when properly financed and hedged, our investment strategy can produce attractive risk-adjusted returns.

 

We plan to hold many of our investments to maturity or repayment, but will sell our investments earlier if a sale or recapitalization of a portfolio company takes place, or if we determine a sale of one or more of our investments is in our best interest. Once we raise significant capital in this or any future offering, we will seek to create a diverse portfolio of Senior Loans by investing approximately $10 to $25 million of capital, on average, in the securities of middle-market companies.  Prior to raising significant capital, we intend to make smaller investments in Senior Loans.

 

Characteristics of and Risks Related to Investments in Private Companies

 

A core component of our strategy will be to invest in the corporate debt of privately held companies. Investments in private companies pose certain incremental risks as compared to investments in public companies. First, private companies have reduced access to the capital markets, resulting in diminished capital resources and ability to withstand financial distress. Second, the investments themselves may often be illiquid. As such, we may have difficulty exiting an investment promptly or at a desired price prior to maturity or outside of a normal amortization schedule. In addition, less public information generally exists about private companies. Finally, these companies may often not have third-party debt ratings or audited financial statements. We must therefore rely on the ability of Flat Rock Global to obtain adequate information through its due diligence efforts to evaluate the creditworthiness of and risks involved in investing in these companies. These companies and their financial information will also generally not be subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and other rules that govern public companies that are designed to protect investors.

 

Operating and Regulatory Structure

 

Our investment activities are managed by Flat Rock Global and supervised by our board of directors, a majority of whom are independent. Under our Investment Advisory Agreement, we pay Flat Rock Global a

 

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quarterly management fee based on our average gross assets as well as incentive fees based on our performance. See “Investment Advisory Agreement.”

 

We have entered into an administration agreement with Flat Rock Global to serve as our Administrator. Pursuant to the administration agreement, Flat Rock Global will provide us with services such as accounting, financial reporting, legal and compliance support and investor relations support, necessary for us to operate or engage a third-party firm to perform some or all of these functions.  See “Administrative Agreement.”

 

Revenues

 

We plan to generate revenue in the form of dividends or interest payable on the debt securities that we hold and capital gains, if any, received prior to the maturity of any debt instruments or other equity interests that we acquire in portfolio companies. In addition, we may generate revenue in the form of commitment, origination, structuring or diligence fees, monitoring fees and possibly consulting and performance-based fees. Any such fees will be generated in connection with our investments and recognized as earned.

 

Expenses

 

Our primary operating expenses are the payment of advisory fees and other expenses under the Investment Advisory Agreement. The investment advisory fees compensate Flat Rock Global for its work in identifying, evaluating, negotiating, executing, monitoring and servicing our investments.

 

We bear all other expenses of our operations and transactions, including (without limitation) fees and expenses relating to:

 

·                  the cost of calculating our NAV, including the cost of any third-party valuation services;

 

·                  the cost of effecting sales and repurchase of shares of our common stock and other securities;

 

·                  investment advisory fees;

 

·                  transfer agent and custodial fees;

 

·                  fees and expenses associated with marketing efforts;

 

·                  federal and state registration fees;

 

·                  federal, state and local taxes;

 

·                  independent directors’ fees and expenses;

 

·                  costs of proxy statements, stockholders’ reports and notices;

 

·                  fidelity bond, directors and officers/errors and omissions liability insurance and other insurance premiums;

 

·                  fees and expenses associated with independent audits and outside legal costs, including compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

 

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·                  costs associated with our reporting and compliance obligations under the 1940 Act and applicable federal and state securities laws;

 

·                  brokerage commissions for our investments;

 

·                  all other offering expenses incurred by Flat Rock Global in performing its obligations, subject to the limitations included in the Investment Advisory Agreement; and

 

·                  direct costs such as printing, mailing and long distance telephone, incurred by Flat Rock Global and all other expenses incurred by either Flat Rock Global or us in connection with administering our business, including payments under the administration agreement that will be based upon our allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by Flat Rock Global in performing its obligations under the administration agreement, including rent and our allocable portion of the costs of compensation and related expenses of our chief compliance officer and chief financial officer and their respective staffs, subject to limitations included in our Investment Advisory Agreement.

 

Pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement, Flat Rock Global is responsible for payment of any and all offering expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with our private offering of shares.  We will not reimburse Flat Rock Global for such expenses borne on our behalf.

 

Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We will generate cash primarily from the net proceeds generated from our private offering, and from cash flows from fees, interest and dividends earned from our investments and principal repayments and proceeds from sales of our investments. Our primary use of funds will be investments in Senior Loans, payments of our expenses and distributions to holders of our common stock.

 

As a BDC, we generally are required to meet a coverage ratio of total assets to total borrowings and other senior securities, which include all of our borrowings and any preferred stock that we may issue in the future, of at least 200%. If this ratio declines below 200%, we cannot incur additional debt and could be required to sell a portion of our investments to repay some debt when it is disadvantageous to do so. For more information regarding the risks related to our use of leverage, see “Risk Factors — Risks Related to Business Development Companies — Regulations governing our operation as a BDC and RIC will affect our ability to raise, and the way in which we raise, additional capital or borrow for investment purposes, which may have a negative effect on our growth” and “Risk Factors — Risks Related to Debt Financing — If we borrow money, the potential for gain or loss on amounts invested in us will be magnified and may increase the risk of investing in us.”

 

Flat Rock Global has agreed to pay all of our organization and offering expenses in connection with our private offering, including, but not limited to, expenses incurred in connection with legal, accounting and printing expenses, expenses associated with stockholder relations, transfer agent fees, fulfillment costs, and expenses associated with advertising and sales literature prepared by us.  We will not reimburse Flat Rock Global for such offering expenses it incurs. Therefore, these fees and expenses will not reduce the net proceeds available to us from the sale of our shares in our private offering.

 

Capital Contribution by Robert K Grunewald

 

On May 3, 2017, we issued and sold 10,000 shares of our common stock at an aggregate purchase price of $200,000 to Robert K. Grunewald. These shares were issued and sold in reliance upon the available exemption from registration found in Section 4(2) of the Securities Act.

 

Distribution Policy

 

Subject to our board of directors’ discretion and applicable legal restrictions, we intend to authorize and

 

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declare monthly distributions that will be paid on a monthly basis beginning no later than the first calendar quarter subsequent to our election to be regulated as a BDC. We will calculate each stockholder’s specific distribution amount for the month based on a distribution amount per share per day of our common stock, which will accrue daily for each stockholder from the date we accept their subscription for shares of our common stock. From time to time, we may also pay interim distributions, including capital gains distributions, at the discretion of our board. Each year a statement on Internal Revenue Service Form 1099-DIV (or successor form) identifying the source of the distribution (i.e., paid from ordinary income, paid from net capital gain on the sale of securities, or a return of paid-in capital surplus which is a nontaxable distribution) will be mailed to our stockholders. Our distributions may exceed our earnings, especially during the period before we have substantially invested the proceeds from this offering. As a result, a portion of the distributions we make may represent a return of capital for tax purposes.

 

We intend to elect to be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and intend to qualify annually thereafter, as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code. To obtain and maintain RIC tax treatment, we must, among other things, distribute at least 90.0% of our ordinary income and net short-term capital gain in excess of net long-term capital loss, if any. In order to avoid certain excise taxes imposed on RICs, we currently intend to distribute, or be deemed to distribute, during each calendar year an amount at least equal to the sum of (1) 98.0% of our ordinary income for the calendar year, (2) 98.2% of our capital gain in excess of capital loss for the one-year period ending on October 31 of such calendar year and (3) any ordinary income and net capital gain for preceding years that were not distributed during such years and on which we paid no U.S. federal income tax.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

This discussion of our expected operating plans is based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S., or GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements will require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Changes in the economic environment, financial markets and any other parameters used in determining such estimates could cause actual results to differ. In addition to the discussion below, we have described our critical accounting policies in the notes to our future financial statements.

 

Valuation of Portfolio Investments

 

Our board of directors has established procedures for the valuation of our investment portfolio. These procedures are detailed below.

 

Investments for which market quotations are readily available will be valued at such market quotations.

 

Most of our investments will not be traded on a national securities exchange, and we will not have the benefit of market quotations or other pricing data from such an exchange. We will have the benefit of third-party bid-ask quotations. With respect to investments for which pricing data is not readily available or when such pricing data is deemed not to represent fair value, our board of directors has approved a multi-step valuation process each quarter, as described below:

 

1.

Each portfolio company or investment will be valued by Flat Rock Global, potentially with information received from one or more independent valuation firms engaged by our board of directors;

 

 

2.

an independent valuation firm will conduct independent valuations and make an independent assessment of the value of each investment on a rotating basis so that each investment is valued at least twice annually;

 

 

3.

the valuation committee of our board of directors will review and discuss the preliminary valuation prepared by Flat Rock Global and that of the independent valuation firm and

 

 

4.

our board of directors will discuss the valuations and determine the fair value of each investment in our portfolio in good faith based on the input of Flat Rock Global, an independent valuation firm and the valuation committee.

 

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Investments will be valued utilizing a market approach, an income approach, or both approaches, as appropriate. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities (including a business). The income approach uses valuation techniques to convert future amounts (for example, cash flows or earnings) to a single present value amount (discounted) calculated based on an appropriate discount rate. The measurement is based on the net present value indicated by current market expectations about those future amounts. In following these approaches, the types of factors that we may take into account in fair value pricing our investments include, as relevant: available current market data, including relevant and applicable market trading and transaction comparables, applicable market yields and multiples, security covenants, call protection provisions, information rights, the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the portfolio company’s ability to make payments, its earnings and discounted cash flows, the markets in which the portfolio company does business, comparisons of financial ratios of peer companies that are public, M&A comparables, the principal market and enterprise values, among other factors.

 

We have adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Accounting Standards Codification, or ASC, Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (formerly Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 157, Fair Value Measurements), which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.

 

ASC Topic 820 clarifies that the exchange price is the price in an orderly transaction between market participants to sell an asset or transfer a liability in the market in which the reporting entity would transact for the asset or liability, that is, the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability. The transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability is a hypothetical transaction at the measurement date, considered from the perspective of a market participant that holds the asset or owes the liability. ASC Topic 820 provides a consistent definition of fair value which focuses on exit price and prioritizes, within a measurement of fair value, the use of market-based inputs over entity-specific inputs. In addition, ASC Topic 820 provides a framework for measuring fair value and establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date. The three levels of valuation hierarchy established by ASC Topic 820 are defined as follows:

 

Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities, accessible by the Company at the measurement date.

 

Level 2: Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, or quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other observable inputs other than quoted prices.

 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.

 

In all cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls has been determined based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to each investment.

 

In accordance with ASC Topic 820, the fair value of our investments is defined as the price that we would receive upon selling an investment in an orderly transaction to an independent buyer in the principal or most advantageous market in which that investment is transacted.

 

Net Realized Gains or Losses and Net Change in Unrealized Appreciation or Depreciation

 

We will measure realized gains or losses by the difference between the net proceeds from the repayment or sale and the amortized cost basis of the investment, without regard to unrealized appreciation or depreciation previously recognized, but considering unamortized upfront fees and prepayment penalties. Net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation will reflect the change in portfolio investment values during the reporting period,

 

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including any reversal of previously recorded unrealized appreciation or depreciation, when gains or losses are realized.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

Payments for investment advisory services under the Investment Advisory Agreement in future periods are equal to (a) a management fee calculated at an annual rate of 1.375% of the value of our gross assets and (b) an incentive fee based on our performance. See “Investment Advisory Agreement.” We have entered into an administration agreement with Flat Rock Global to serve as our Administrator. We anticipate that the Administrator will be reimbursed for administrative expenses incurred on our behalf. See “Administrative Agreement.”

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We currently have no off-balance sheet arrangements, including any risk management of commodity pricing or other hedging practices.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

We are subject to financial market risks, including changes in interest rates. Most of our investments will not be traded on a national securities exchange, and we will not have the benefit of market quotations or other pricing data from such an exchange. We will have the benefit of third-party bid-ask quotations. With respect to investments for which pricing data is not readily available or when such pricing data is deemed not to represent fair value, our board of directors has approved a multi-step valuation process each quarter. There is no single standard for determining fair value in good faith. As a result, determining fair value requires that judgment be applied to the specific facts and circumstances of each portfolio investment while employing a consistently applied valuation process for the types of investments we make. See “Item 9. Market Price of and Dividends on the Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters—Valuation of Portfolio Securities.”

 

Item 3. Properties

 

We maintain our principal executive offices at 1350 Avenue of the Americas, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10019. We do not own any real estate. We believe that our present facilities are adequate to meet our current needs. If new or additional space is required, we believe that adequate facilities are available at competitive prices in the same area.

 

Item 4. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

 

Following the completion of our private offering, we expect that no person will be deemed to control us, as such term is defined in the 1940 Act. The following table sets forth, as of May 18, 2017, information with respect to the beneficial ownership of our common stock by:

 

·                  each person known to us to beneficially own more than 5.0% of the outstanding shares of our common stock;

 

·                  each of our directors and each executive officer; and

 

·                  all of our directors and executive officers as a group.

 

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC and includes voting or investment power with respect to the securities. There is no common stock subject to options that are currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days of the offering.

 

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Shares Beneficially Owned as of May 18, 2017

 

Name and Address(1)

 

Number

 

Percentage assuming
maximum amount is
purchased

 

5% Stockholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interested Directors:

 

 

 

 

 

Robert K. Grunewald

 

10,000

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

Independent Directors:

 

 

 

 

 

R. Scott Coolidge

 

 

 

Michael L. Schwarz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Officers (that are not directors)

 

 

 

 

 

Richard A. Petrocelli

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All officers and directors as a group (4 persons)

 

 

 

 


(1)

The address of each beneficial owner is c/o Flat Rock Capital Corp. 1350 Avenue of the Americas, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10019.

*

Less than 1.0%.

 

The following table sets forth, as of May 18, 2017, the dollar range of our equity securities beneficially owned by each of our directors.

 

Name of Director

 

Dollar Range of Equity Securities
Beneficially Owned(1)(2)(3)

 

Interested Directors:

 

 

 

Robert K. Grunewald

 

Over $100,000

 

 

 

 

Independent Directors:

 

 

 

R. Scott Coolidge

 

 

Michael L. Schwarz

 

 

 

 

 

 


(1)

Beneficial ownership has been determined in accordance with Rule 16a-1(a)(2) of the Exchange Act.

(2)

The dollar range of equity securities beneficially owned by our directors is based on an assumed initial offering price of $20.00 per share.

(3)

The dollar range of equity securities beneficially owned is: None, $1 – $10,000, $10,001 – $50,000, $50,001 – $100,000, or over $100,000.

 

Item 5. Directors and Executive Officers

 

Our business and affairs are managed under the direction of our board of directors. The responsibilities of our board of directors include, among other things, the oversight of our investment activities, the quarterly valuation of our assets, oversight of our financing arrangements and corporate governance activities. Our board of directors currently has an audit committee, a valuation committee and a nominating and corporate governance committee, and may establish additional committees from time to time as necessary. Each director will serve until the next annual

 

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meeting of stockholders and until his or her successor is duly elected and qualifies. Although the number of directors may be increased or decreased, a decrease will not have the effect of shortening the term of any incumbent director. Any director may resign at any time and may be removed with or without cause by the stockholders upon the affirmative vote of at least a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast generally in the election of directors. The notice of any special meeting called to remove a director shall indicate that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of such special meeting is to determine if the director shall be removed.

 

A vacancy created by an increase in the number of directors or the death, resignation, removal, adjudicated incompetence or other incapacity of a director may be filled only by a vote of a majority of the remaining directors. Any director elected to fill a vacancy will serve for the remainder of the full term of the directorship in which the vacancy occurred and until a successor is duly elected and qualifies.

 

Board of Directors and Executive Officers

 

Our board of directors consists of three members, a majority of whom are not “interested persons” as defined in Section 2(a)(19) of the 1940 Act. We refer to these individuals as our independent directors. Members of our board of directors will be elected annually at our annual meeting of stockholders. We are prohibited from making loans or extending credit, directly or indirectly, to our directors or executive officers under Section 402 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

 

Directors

 

Information regarding our board of directors is set forth below. We have divided the directors into two groups — independent directors and interested directors.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Director Since

 

Expiration of
Current Term

 

Interested Directors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robert K. Grunewald

 

54

 

2017

 

2018

 

Independent Directors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R. Scott Coolidge

 

61

 

2017

 

2018

 

Michael L. Schwarz

 

58

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

The address for each director of the Company is c/o Flat Rock Capital Corp. 1350 Avenue of the Americas, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10019.

 

Biographical Information

 

Interested Director:

 

Robert K. Grunewald. Robert K. Grunewald has served as our President and Chief Executive Officer since our inception and as Chairman of our board of directors since May 2017.  In addition, Mr. Grunewald serves as Chief Executive Officer of Flat Rock Global, our investment adviser.  Mr. Grunewald previously served as the President and Chief Investment Officer of Business Development Corp. of America (BDCA).  During his tenure at BDCA, Mr. Grunewald grew the company from $2.5 million of assets under management to $2.5 billion.  He also established the firm’s loan management systems as well as their policies and procedures.  While at BDCA, Mr. Grunewald also founded AR Capital BDC Income Fund, the first open-end mutual fund dedicated to investing in the BDC sector.

 

Mr. Grunewald has over 25 years of experience with middle-market finance, BDCs and asset management. Within the finance industry, he has participated as a lender, investment banker, M&A advisor, private equity investor and hedge fund manager. As head of Financial Services M&A at NationsBank/Montgomery Securities from 1992 through 1997, Mr. Grunewald and his team completed numerous assignments for clients throughout the specialty finance industry. In 1997, Mr. Grunewald was recruited to lead the Specialty Finance Investment Banking

 

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Practice at what became Wachovia Securities. At Wachovia, Mr. Grunewald managed a number of high profile transactions, including initial public offerings and secondary offerings for some of the largest publicly-traded BDCs and finance companies including Capital Source, Ares Capital, American Capital Strategies, Allied Capital, and Gladstone Capital.

 

In 2006, Mr. Grunewald joined American Capital Strategies, or ACAS, a publicly-traded BDC and global asset manager. As head of the Financial Services Investment Practice from 2006 through 2009, Mr. Grunewald and his team focused on investment activity in the specialty finance, insurance, and asset management sectors. While at ACAS he founded two highly successful financial services companies: Core Financial Holdings, a diversified commercial finance company and asset based lender, and American Capital Agency Corporation (NASDAQ: ‘‘AGNC’’), a publicly traded mortgage REIT.

 

Independent Directors:

 

R. Scott Coolidge. Mr. Coolidge has been a Partner at Human Capital Advisors, a company that provides human resource consulting services to corporations and boards of directors, since 2015. Prior to joining Human Capital Advisors, Mr. Coolidge served at Freddie Mac from 2003 through 2015 as a Senior Vice President and Vice President, providing strategic leadership in all dimensions of human resources including talent management, and setting compensation and benefit strategy.  From 1993 through 2003, Mr. Coolidge was a Partner or Principal at Towers Perin managing the firm’s executive and employee compensation practices in the Southeast Region. Mr. Coolidge holds a Certificate in Leadership Coaching from Georgetown University and a Bachelor of Arts from Harvard University.

 

The Company believes that Mr. Coolidge’s experience in strategic leadership and ability to develop and execute mission critical human resource initiatives, change management and strategic communications has provided Mr. Coolidge with the experience, skills and attributes necessary to effectively carry out the duties and responsibilities of a director and that Mr. Coolidge is highly qualified to serve on the board of directors.

 

Michael L. Schwarz. Mr. Schwarz has been a Partner at Woodfield Investments, a South Carolina based $1 billion developer of multifamily real estate projects in the Southeast, since 2007. From 1994 to 2007, Mr. Schwarz served as Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer, and Chief Financial Officer at Summit Properties, a NYSE-listed owner and developer of multifamily communities. Prior to Summit Properties, Mr. Schwarz worked at Arthur Young & Co. in audit and syndication consulting. Mr. Schwarz holds a Master of Accountancy from the University of South Carolina.

 

The Company believes that Mr. Schwarz’s experience in audit, capital markets, investing activities and strategic leadership has provided Mr. Schwarz with the experience, skills and attributes necessary to effectively carry out the duties and responsibilities of a director and that Mr. Schwarz is highly qualified to serve on the board of directors.

 

Executive Officers

 

The following persons serve as our executive officers in the following capacities:

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position(s) Held with the
Company

 

Executive Officer
Since

 

Robert K. Grunewald

 

54

 

Chief Executive Officer
Chief Investment Officer

 

2017

 

Richard A. Petrocelli

 

48

 

Chief Operating Officer
Chief Financial Officer
Chief Compliance Officer

 

2017

 

 

The address for each executive officer of the Company is c/o Flat Rock Capital Corp., 1350 Avenue of the Americas, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10019.

 

Executive Officers Who are Not Directors:

 

Richard A. Petrocelli.  Richard A. Petrocelli has served as our Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer since our inception and as Chief Compliance Officer since May 2017.  Previously, Mr. Petrocelli spent 16 years at Saratoga Partners, a middle market private equity firm, where he was Managing Director and chief financial officer. Additionally, he served as chief financial officer and chief compliance officer of Saratoga Partner’s publicly-traded business development company, Saratoga Investment Corp. (NYSE:SAR). Additionally, Mr. Petrocelli was responsible for sourcing and underwriting middle market private equity and debt investments during his tenure at Saratoga.  Mr. Petrocelli also spent one year as CFO of two business development companies managed by Fifth Street Asset Management from July 2014 to July 2015. Mr. Petrocelli served as Vice President of Finance for Gabelli Asset Management from 1993 to 1998.  At Gabelli, Mr. Petrocelli was responsible for financial reporting and analysis for Gabelli’s alternative asset management business, Gabelli Securities.  Mr. Petrocelli received his B.S.B.A. from Georgetown University and earned an M.B.A. from New York University’s Stern School of Business.

 

Corporate Leadership Structure

 

Mr. Grunewald serves as Chairman of our board of directors and our Chief Executive Officer. Our board of directors believes that our chief executive officer is best situated to serve as Chairman because he is the director most familiar with our business and industry and most capable of effectively identifying strategic priorities and

 

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leading the discussion and execution of strategy. We intend to designate one of our independent directors to serve as the Lead Director for all meetings of our independent directors held in executive session. The Lead Director will have the responsibility of presiding at all executive sessions of our board of directors, consulting with the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer on board and committee meeting agendas, acting as a liaison between management and the independent directors and facilitating teamwork and communication between the independent directors and management. We believe the combined role of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, together with an independent Lead Director, is in our best interest because it provides the appropriate balance between strategic development and independent oversight of management.

 

Committees of the Board of Directors

 

Audit Committee

 

Our audit committee is composed entirely of independent directors. The audit committee is responsible for approving our independent accountants, reviewing with our independent accountants the plans and results of the audit engagement, approving professional services provided by our independent accountants, reviewing the independence of our independent accountants and reviewing the adequacy of our internal accounting controls. R. Scott Coolidge and Michael L. Schwarz serve as the members of our audit committee. Mr. Schwarz serves as the chairman of the audit committee and has been designated as the audit committee financial expert.

 

Valuation Committee

 

Our valuation committee is composed entirely of independent directors. The valuation committee establishes guidelines and makes recommendations to our board of directors regarding the valuation of our loans and investments. The valuation committee is responsible for aiding our board of directors in fair value pricing of debt and equity securities that are not publicly traded or for which current market values are not readily available. The board of directors and valuation committee intend to utilize the services of an independent valuation firm to help them determine the fair value of these securities. Messrs. Coolidge and Schwarz serve as members of the valuation committee. Mr. Coolidge serves as the chairman of the valuation committee.

 

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

 

Our nominating and corporate governance committee is composed entirely of independent directors. The nominating and corporate governance committee is responsible for selecting, researching and nominating directors for election by our stockholders, selecting nominees to fill vacancies on the board or a committee of the board, developing and recommending to the board a set of corporate governance principles and overseeing the evaluation of the board and our management. Our nominating and corporate governance committee will consider stockholders’ proposed nominations for director; however, there are certain requirements that must be met in connection therewith. R. Scott Coolidge and Michael L. Schwarz serve as the members of our nominating and corporate governance committee. Mr. Coolidge serves as the chairman of the nominating and corporate governance committe.

 

Oversight of Risk Management

 

Our board of directors, in its entirety, will play an active role in overseeing management of our risks. Our board of directors will regularly review information regarding our credit, liquidity and operations, as well as the risks associated with each. Each committee of our board of directors will play a distinct role with respect to overseeing management of our risks:

 

·                  Audit Committee: Our audit committee will oversee the management of enterprise risks. To this end, our audit committee will meet at least annually (i) to discuss our risk management guidelines, policies and exposures and (ii) with our independent registered public accounting firm to review our internal control environment and other risk exposures.

 

·                  Valuation Committee. Our valuation committee will oversee the risks relating to the valuation of our assets and the fair value determinations by our board of directors. In fulfillment of this duty, the valuation committee will meet at least quarterly to discuss the methodologies, inputs and assumptions used in the

 

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valuation of our assets and the risks attendant in such methodologies, inputs and assumptions.

 

·                  Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee: Our nominating and corporate governance committee will manage risks associated with the independence of our board of directors and potential conflicts of interest.

 

While each committee will be responsible for evaluating certain risks and overseeing the management of such risks, the committees will each report to our board of directors on a regular basis to apprise our board of directors regarding the status of remediation efforts of known risks and of any new risks that may have arisen since the previous report.

 

Portfolio Management

 

Each investment opportunity requires the consensus and generally receives the unanimous approval of the investment committee.  Follow-on investments in existing portfolio companies may require the investment committee’s approval beyond that obtained when the initial investment in the company was made. In addition, temporary investments, such as those in cash equivalents, U.S. government securities and other high quality debt investments that mature in one year or less, may require approval by the investment committee. Investments approved by the investment committee will be managed and overseen on a day-to-day basis by names. Biographical information with respect to the members of our investment committee who also serve as a director and/or executive officer of Flat Rock Capital Corp. is set forth under “Directors and Executive Officers— Biographical Information.”

 

Item 6. Executive Compensation

 

(a) Compensation of Executive Officers

 

None of our executive officers will receive direct compensation from us. We do not currently have any employees and do not expect to have any employees in the foreseeable future. The services necessary for the operation of our business are provided to us by our officers and the employees of Flat Rock Global pursuant to the terms of the Investment Advisory Agreement and the Administration Agreement.

 

(b) Compensation of Independent Directors

 

Initially, independent directors will receive an annual fee of $1 plus reimbursement of any reasonable out-of pocket expenses incurred in connection with their service on the board. In addition, the chairman of the audit committee will receive an annual fee of $1 and the chairman of each of the nominating and corporate governance committee and the valuation committee will receive an annual fee of $1 for their additional services, if any, in these capacities. In addition, our independent directors will receive compensation for the in-person attendance of certain industry-related events and seminars in the amount of (1) $1 for each day of an external seminar, conference, panel, forum or other industry-related event that does not exceed four hours or (2) $1 for each day of an external seminar, conference, panel, forum or other industry-related event that exceeds four hours. In addition, we purchase directors’ and officers’ liability insurance on behalf of our directors and officers.

 

Once the Company begins to raise capital, the above fee schedule will be reviewed, revised and conformed to the increased responsibilities and contribution of the Company’s independent directors.

 

Item 7. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

(a) Transactions with Related Persons; Review Approval or Ratification of Transaction with Related Persons

 

Fees

 

Pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement, we will pay Flat Rock Global a fee for investment advisory and management services consisting of two components — a management fee and an incentive fee.  See “Item 1(c). Description of Business—General.”

 

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Certain Business Relationships

 

Certain of the current directors and officers of the Company are directors or officers of Flat Rock Global. See Item 7(b) below for a description of the Investment Advisory Agreement and the Administration Agreement.

 

Director Independence

 

See “Item 1(c). Description of Business—General—The Board of Directors” “Item 5. Directors and Executive Officers—Board of Directors and Executive Officers” and “Item 5. Directors and Executive Officers—Committees of the Board of Directors.”

 

Indebtedness of Management

 

None.

 

(b) Promoters and Certain Control Persons

 

Investment Advisory Agreement

 

Flat Rock Global may be deemed a promoter of the Company. We have entered into the Investment Advisory Agreement with Flat Rock Global. Under the terms of the Investment Advisory Agreement, Flat Rock Global, among other things:

 

·                  determines the composition and allocation of our portfolio, the nature and timing of the changes therein and the manner of implementing such changes;

 

·                  identifies, evaluates and negotiates the structure of the investments we make;

 

·                  executes, monitors and services our investments;

 

·                  determines the securities and other assets that we will purchase, retain, or sell;

 

·                  performs due diligence on prospective portfolio companies; and

 

·                  provides us with such other investment advisory, research and related services as we may, from time to time, reasonably require for the investment of our funds.

 

Flat Rock Global’s services under the Investment Advisory Agreement are not exclusive, and it is free to furnish similar services to other entities so long as its services to us are not impaired.

 

Flat Rock Global has agreed to pay all of our organization and offering expenses in connection with our private offering, including, but not limited to, expenses incurred in connection with legal, accounting and printing expenses, expenses associated with stockholder relations, transfer agent fees, fulfillment costs, and expenses associated with advertising and sales literature prepared by us.  We will not reimburse Flat Rock Global for such offering expenses it incurs. Therefore, these fees and expenses will not reduce the net proceeds available to us from the sale of our shares in our private offering.

 

Advisory Fees

 

Pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement, we pay Flat Rock Global a fee for investment advisory and management services consisting of two components — a management fee and an incentive fee. See “Item 1(c) Description of Business—Investment Advisory Agreement” for a description of the management and incentive fees payable pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement.

 

Administration Agreement

 

We have entered into an administration agreement with Flat Rock Global to serve as our Administrator. Pursuant to the administration agreement, Flat Rock Global will provide us with services such as accounting, financial reporting, legal and compliance support and investor relations support, necessary for us to operate or engage a third-party firm to perform some or all of these functions.

 

Item 8. Legal Proceedings

 

We are not currently subject to any material legal proceedings, nor, to our knowledge, is any material legal proceeding threatened against us.

 

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Item 9. Market Price of and Dividends on the Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

 

Market Information

 

Currently, there is no public market for our common stock, nor can we give any assurance that one will develop. As of the date hereof, none of our shares of common stock are subject to outstanding options or warrants, nor do we have any outstanding equity that is convertible into shares of our common stock. In addition, as of the date hereof, none of our shares of common stock are eligible to be sold pursuant to Rule 144 of the Securities Act, and we have not granted any registration rights to any of our stockholders. No stock has been authorized for issuance under any equity compensation plans.

 

Holders

 

Please see “Item 4. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” for disclosure regarding the holders of our common stock.

 

Valuation of Portfolio Securities

 

Please see “Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Critical Accounting Policies—Valuation of Portfolio Securities” for disclosure regarding our policies with respect to the valuation of our portfolio securities.

 

Item 10. Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

On May 3, 2017, we issued and sold 10,000 shares of our common stock at an aggregate purchase price of $200,000 to Robert K. Grunewald. These shares were issued and sold in reliance upon the available exemption from registration found in Section 4(2) of the Securities Act.

 

Item 11. Description of Registrant’s Securities to be Registered

 

Description of our Shares

 

The following description summarizes material provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law and our Charter and Bylaws.

 

Stock

 

Our authorized stock consists of 150,000,000 shares of stock, par value $0.001 per share, of which 125,000,000 shares are classified as common stock and 25,000,000 shares are classified as preferred stock. There is currently no market for our common stock, and we do not expect that a market for our shares will develop in the future. No stock has been authorized for issuance under any equity compensation plans. Under Maryland law, our stockholders generally will not be personally liable for our debts or obligations.

 

Set forth below is a chart describing the classes of our securities that were authorized and outstanding as of May 18, 2017:

 

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(1)
Title of Class

 

(2)
Amount Authorized

 

(3)
Amount Held by
Us or for Our
Account

 

(4)
Amount Outstanding
Exclusive of Amount
under Column(3)

 

Common Stock

 

125,000,000

 

 

10,000

 

Preferred Stock

 

25,000,000

 

 

 

 

Under our Charter, our Board is authorized to classify and reclassify any unissued shares of stock into other classes or series of stock without obtaining stockholder approval. As permitted by the Maryland General Corporation Law, our Charter provides that the board of directors, without any action by our stockholders, may amend the Charter from time to time to increase or decrease the aggregate number of shares of stock or the number of shares of stock of any class or series that we have authority to issue.

 

Common Stock

 

Under the terms of our charter, all shares of our common stock will have equal rights as to voting and, when they are issued, will be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable. Distributions may be paid to the holders of our common stock if, as and when authorized by our board of directors and declared by us out of funds legally available therefor. Shares of our common stock will have no preemptive, exchange, conversion or redemption rights.

 

In the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, each share of our common stock would be entitled to share ratably in all of our assets that are legally available for distribution after we pay all debts and other liabilities and subject to any preferential rights of holders of our preferred stock, if any preferred stock is outstanding at such time. Except as may otherwise be specified in our charter, each share of our common stock will be entitled to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders, including the election of directors. Except as provided with respect to any other class or series of stock, the holders of our common stock will possess exclusive voting power. There will be no cumulative voting in the election of directors.

 

Preferred Stock

 

Under the terms of our charter, our board of directors may authorize the issuance of shares of preferred stock in one or more classes or series without stockholder approval. The board of directors has discretion to set the terms, preferences, conversion or other rights, voting powers, restrictions, limitations as to dividends or other distributions, qualifications and terms or conditions of redemption for each class or series of preferred stock. Every issuance of preferred stock will be required to comply with the requirements of the 1940 Act. The 1940 Act requires, among other things, that (1) immediately after issuance and before any distribution is made with respect to our common stock and before any purchase of common stock is made, such preferred stock together with all other senior securities must not exceed an amount equal to 50.0% of our total assets after deducting the amount of such distribution or purchase price, as the case may be, and (2) the holders of shares of preferred stock, if any are issued, must be entitled as a class to elect two directors at all times and to elect a majority of the directors if distributions on such preferred stock are in arrears by two years or more. Certain matters under the 1940 Act require the separate vote of the holders of any issued and outstanding preferred stock. We believe that the availability for issuance of preferred stock will provide us with increased flexibility in structuring future financings and acquisitions. We have no intention of issuing shares of preferred stock within 12 months of the effectiveness of this Registration Statement.

 

Certain Provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law and Our Charter and Bylaws

 

The Maryland General Corporation Law and our charter and bylaws contain provisions that could make it more difficult for a potential acquirer to acquire us by means of a tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise. These provisions are expected to discourage certain coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids and to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to negotiate first with the board of directors. We believe that the benefits of these provisions outweigh the potential disadvantages of discouraging any such acquisition proposals because, among other things, the negotiation of such proposals may improve their terms.

 

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Election of Directors

 

Our stockholders elect our directors to hold office until the next annual meeting of stockholders and until their successors are elected and qualify. As permitted by Maryland law, a plurality of all the votes cast at a meeting of stockholders duly called and at which a quorum is present will be required to elect a director, unless the charter or bylaws provides for a greater amount of all the votes cast. Thus, our stockholders have the sole power to elect directors (except to temporarily fill vacancies, as discussed further below).

 

Our charter provides that a majority of our board of directors must be independent directors except for a period of up to 60 days after the death, removal or resignation of an independent director pending the election of such independent director’s successor, and the 1940 Act requires that a majority of our board of directors be persons other than “interested persons” as defined in the 1940 Act.

 

Number of Directors; Vacancies; Removal

 

Our charter provides that the number of directors will initially be three, which number may be increased or decreased by the board of directors in accordance with our bylaws. Our bylaws provide that a majority of our entire board of directors may at any time establish, increase or decrease the number of directors. However, the number of directors may never be less than one or more than 15. Except as may be provided by the board of directors in setting the terms of any class or series of preferred stock, any and all vacancies on the board of directors may be filled only by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors in office, even if the remaining directors do not constitute a quorum, and any director elected to fill a vacancy will serve for the remainder of the full term of the directorship in which the vacancy occurred and until a successor is elected and qualifies, subject to any applicable requirements of the 1940 Act.

 

Our stockholders may remove a director, with or without cause, by the affirmative vote of a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast generally in the election of directors.

 

Action by Stockholders

 

The Maryland General Corporation Law provides that stockholder action can be taken only at an annual or special meeting of stockholders or by unanimous consent in lieu of a meeting (unless the charter permits consent by the stockholders entitled to cast not less than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to authorize or take the action at a meeting, which our charter does not). These provisions, combined with the requirements of our bylaws regarding the calling of a stockholder-requested special meeting of stockholders discussed below, may have the effect of delaying consideration of a stockholder proposal until the next annual meeting.

 

Advance Notice Provisions for Stockholder Nominations and Stockholder Proposals

 

Our bylaws provide that with respect to an annual meeting of stockholders, nominations of individuals for election to the board of directors and the proposal of other business to be considered by stockholders may be made only (a) pursuant to our notice of the meeting, (b) by or at the direction of the board of directors or (c) by a stockholder who is a stockholder of record both at the time of giving notice required by our bylaws and at the time of the meeting, who is entitled to vote at the meeting in the election of each individual so nominated or on such other business and who has complied with the advance notice procedures of the bylaws. With respect to special meetings of stockholders, only the business specified in our notice of the meeting may be brought before the meeting. Nominations of individuals for election to the board of directors at a special meeting may be made only (i) by or at the direction of the board of directors or (ii) provided that has been called in accordance with our bylaws for the purpose of electing directors, by a stockholder who is a stockholder of record both at the time of giving notice required by our bylaws and at the time of the meeting, who is entitled to vote at the meeting in the election of each individual so nominated and who has complied with the advance notice provisions of the bylaws.

 

The purpose of requiring stockholders to give us advance notice of nominations and other business is to afford our board of directors a meaningful opportunity to consider the qualifications of the proposed nominees and the advisability of any other proposed business and, to the extent deemed necessary or desirable by our board of directors, to inform stockholders and make recommendations about such qualifications or business, as well as to

 

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provide a more orderly procedure for conducting meetings of stockholders. Although our bylaws do not give our board of directors any power to disapprove stockholder nominations for the election of directors or proposals recommending certain action, they may have the effect of precluding a contest for the election of directors or the consideration of stockholder proposals if proper procedures are not followed and of discouraging or deterring a third party from conducting a solicitation of proxies to elect its own slate of directors or to approve its own proposal without regard to whether consideration of such nominees or proposals might be harmful or beneficial to us and our stockholders.

 

Calling of Special Meetings of Stockholders

 

Our bylaws provide that special meetings of stockholders may be called by our board of directors and certain of our officers. Additionally, our charter and bylaws provide that, subject to the satisfaction of certain procedural and informational requirements by the stockholders requesting the meeting, a special meeting of stockholders will be called by our secretary to act on any matter that may properly be considered at a meeting of stockholders upon the written request of stockholders who are stockholders of record at the time of the request and are entitled to cast not less than 10.0% of all the votes entitled to be cast on such matter at such meeting.

 

Approval of Extraordinary Corporate Action; Amendment of Charter and Bylaws

 

Under the mandatory provisions of Maryland law, a Maryland corporation generally cannot dissolve, amend its charter, merge, sell all or substantially all of its assets, engage in a share exchange or engage in similar transactions outside the ordinary course of business, unless first declared advisable by the board of directors and approved by the affirmative vote of stockholders entitled to cast at least two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter. However, a Maryland corporation may provide in its charter for approval of these matters by a lesser percentage, but not less than a majority of all of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter. Thus, under the mandatory provisions of Maryland law, stockholders are not permitted to vote on (1) amending our charter, (2) causing the dissolution or termination of our Company, or (3) selling all or substantially all of our Company’s assets other than in the ordinary course business or causing the merger or other reorganization of our Company, unless our board of directors has first declared such matters advisable. However, our board of directors generally is also required to obtain, as a matter of law, the approval of our stockholders before our Company may engage in any such transactions.

 

Under our charter, provided that our directors then in office have approved and declared the action advisable and submitted such action to the stockholders, our dissolution, an amendment to our charter, a merger, or a sale of all or substantially all of our assets or a similar transaction outside the ordinary course of business, must generally be approved by the affirmative vote of stockholders entitled to cast at least a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter. Notwithstanding the foregoing, (i) amendments to our charter to make our common stock a “redeemable security” or to convert the Company, whether by merger or otherwise, from a closed-end company to an open-end company, and (ii) amendments to our charter relating to the vote required for extraordinary actions, (y) determinations by our board of directors or (z) charter amendments each must be approved by the affirmative vote of stockholders entitled to cast at least two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter.

 

Our charter and bylaws provide that the board of directors will have the exclusive power to make, alter, amend or repeal any provision of our bylaws.

 

Our charter provides that the stockholders may, upon the affirmative vote of stockholders entitled to cast a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter,

 

·                  Amend the charter (other than as described above); or

 

·                  Remove Flat Rock Global and elect a new investment adviser.

 

Without the approval of stockholders entitled to cast a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, our board of directors may not:

 

·                  Amend the charter in a manner that adversely affects the interests of our stockholders;

 

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·                  Except as permitted by our charter, permit Flat Rock Global to voluntarily withdraw as our investment adviser unless such withdrawal would not affect our tax status and would not materially adversely affect our stockholders;

 

·                  Appoint a new investment adviser;

 

·                  Unless otherwise permitted by law, sell all or substantially all of our assets other than in the ordinary course of business; or

 

·                  Unless otherwise permitted by law, approve a merger or similar reorganization of our Company.

 

No Appraisal Rights

 

Except with respect to appraisal rights arising in connection with the Control Share Act defined and discussed below, as permitted by the Maryland General Corporation Law, our stockholders will not be entitled to exercise appraisal rights unless our board of directors determines that appraisal rights apply, with respect to all or any classes or series of stock, to one or more transactions occurring after the date of such determination in connection with which stockholders would otherwise be entitled to exercise appraisal rights.

 

Control Share Acquisitions

 

The Maryland General Corporation Law provides that control shares of a Maryland corporation acquired in a control share acquisition have no voting rights except to the extent approved by a vote of two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, or the Control Share Act. Shares owned by the acquiror, by officers or by employees who are directors of the corporation are excluded from shares entitled to vote on the matter. Control shares are voting shares of stock which, if aggregated with all other shares of stock owned by the acquirer or in respect of which the acquirer is able to exercise or direct the exercise of voting power (except solely by virtue of a revocable proxy), would entitle the acquirer to exercise voting power in electing directors within one of the following ranges of voting power:

 

·              one-tenth or more but less than one-third;

 

·              one-third or more but less than a majority; or

 

·              a majority or more of all voting power.

 

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The Control Share Act does not apply (a) to shares acquired in a merger, consolidation or share exchange if the corporation is a party to the transaction or (b) to acquisitions approved or exempted by the charter or bylaws of the corporation. Our bylaws contain a provision exempting from the Control Share Act any and all acquisitions by any person of our shares of stock. There can be no assurance that such provision will not be amended or eliminated at time in the future. We will amend our bylaws to be subject to the Control Share Act only if the board of directors determines that it would be in our best interests; however, the SEC staff takes the position that the failure to opt out of the Control Share Acquisition Act is inconsistent with the 1940 Act.

 

Business Combinations

 

Under the Maryland Business Combination Act, “business combinations” between a Maryland corporation and an interested stockholder or an affiliate of an interested stockholder are prohibited for five years after the most recent date on which the interested stockholder becomes an interested stockholder. These business combinations include a merger, consolidation, share exchange or, in circumstances specified in the statute, an asset transfer or issuance or reclassification of equity securities. An interested stockholder is defined as:

 

·              any person who beneficially owns, directly or indirectly, 10.0% or more of the voting power of the corporation’s outstanding voting stock; or

 

·              an affiliate or associate of the corporation who, at any time within the two-year period immediately prior to the date in question, was the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of 10.0% or more of the voting power of the then outstanding stock of the corporation.

 

A person is not an interested stockholder under this statute if the board of directors approved in advance the transaction by which he otherwise would have become an interested stockholder. However, in approving a transaction, the board of directors may provide that its approval is subject to compliance, at or after the time of approval, with any terms and conditions determined by the board of directors.

 

After the five-year prohibition, any business combination between the Maryland corporation and an interested stockholder generally must be recommended by the board of directors of the corporation and approved by the affirmative vote of at least:

 

·              80.0% of the votes entitled to be cast by holders of outstanding shares of voting stock of the corporation; and

 

·              two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast by holders of voting stock of the corporation other than shares held by the interested stockholder with whom or with whose affiliate the business combination is to be effected or held by an affiliate or associate of the interested stockholder.

 

These super-majority vote requirements do not apply if the corporation’s common stockholders receive a minimum price, as defined under Maryland law, for their shares in the form of cash or other consideration in the same form as previously paid by the interested stockholder for its shares.

 

The statute permits various exemptions from its provisions, including business combinations that are exempted by the board of directors prior to the time that the interested stockholder becomes an interested stockholder. Our board of directors has adopted a resolution exempting any business combination between us and

 

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any other person from the provisions of the Business Combination Act, provided that the business combination is first approved by the board of directors, including a majority of the directors who are not interested persons as defined in the 1940 Act. This resolution, however, may be altered or repealed in whole or in part at any time. If this resolution is repealed, or the board of directors does not otherwise approve a business combination, the statute may discourage others from trying to acquire control of us and increase the difficulty of consummating any offer.

 

Conflict with 1940 Act

 

Our Bylaws provide that, if and to the extent that any provision of the Maryland General Corporation Law, including the Control Share Act (if we amend our Bylaws to be subject to such Act) and the Business Combination Act, or any provision of our Charter or Bylaws conflicts with any provision of the 1940 Act, the applicable provision of the 1940 Act will control.

 

Item 12. Indemnification of Directors and Officers

 

Maryland law permits a Maryland corporation to include in its charter a provision limiting the liability of its directors and officers to the corporation and its stockholders for money damages except for liability resulting from (a) actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services or (b) active and deliberate dishonesty established by a final judgment and which is material to the cause of action.

 

Maryland law requires a corporation (unless its charter provides otherwise, which our charter does not) to indemnify a director or officer who has been successful in the defense of any proceeding to which he or she is made or threatened to be made a party by reason of his or her service in that capacity. Maryland law permits a corporation to indemnify its present and former directors and officers, among others, against judgments, penalties, fines, settlements and reasonable expenses actually incurred by them in connection with any proceeding to which they may be made or threatened to be made a party by reason of their service in those or other capacities unless it is established that (a) the act or omission of the director or officer was material to the matter giving rise to the proceeding and (1) was committed in bad faith or (2) was the result of active and deliberate dishonesty, (b) the director or officer actually received an improper personal benefit in money, property or services or (c) in the case of any criminal proceeding, the director or officer had reasonable cause to believe that the act or omission was unlawful. However, under Maryland law, a Maryland corporation may not indemnify for an adverse judgment in a suit by or in the right of the corporation or for a judgment of liability on the basis that a personal benefit was improperly received, unless in either case a court orders indemnification, and then only for expenses. In addition, Maryland law permits a corporation to advance reasonable expenses to a director or officer upon the corporation’s receipt of (a) a written affirmation by the director or officer of his or her good faith belief that he or she has met the standard of conduct necessary for indemnification by the corporation and (b) a written undertaking by him or her or on his or her behalf to repay the amount paid or reimbursed by the corporation if it is ultimately determined that the standard of conduct was not met.

 

Our charter contains a provision that limits the liability of our directors and officers to us and our stockholders for money damages and our charter requires us to indemnify and advance expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and amounts reasonably paid in settlement) to (i) any present or former director or officer, (ii) any individual who, while a director or officer and, at our request, serves or has served another corporation, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise as a director, officer, partner, member, manager or trustee and (iii) Flat Rock Global and its directors, executive officers and controlling persons, and any other person or entity affiliated with it. However, in accordance with guidelines adopted by the North American Securities Administrators Association, our charter and the Investment Advisory Agreement provide that we may not indemnify an indemnitee for any liability or loss suffered by such indemnitee nor hold harmless such indemnitee for any loss or liability suffered by us unless (1) the indemnitee has determined, in good faith, that the course of conduct which caused the loss or liability was in the best interests of our Company, (2) the indemnitee was acting on behalf of or performing services for us, (3) the liability or loss suffered was not the result of negligence or misconduct by Flat Rock Global, an affiliate of Flat Rock Global or an interested director of the Company, or was not the result of gross negligence or willful misconduct by an independent director of the Company and (4) the indemnification or agreement to hold harmless is only recoverable out of our net assets and not from our stockholders. In addition, we expect that Flat Rock Global will indemnify us for losses or damages arising out of its willful misfeasance, bad faith or gross negligence in the performance of its duties or by reason of the

 

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reckless disregard of its duties and obligations under the Investment Advisory Agreement. In accordance with the 1940 Act, we will not indemnify any person for any liability to which such person would be subject by reason of such person’s willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of his office.

 

In addition, we will not provide indemnification to a person for any loss or liability arising from an alleged violation of federal or state securities laws unless one or more of the following conditions are met: (1) there has been a successful adjudication on the merits of each count involving alleged material securities law violations; (2) such claims have been dismissed with prejudice on the merits by a court of competent jurisdiction; or (3) a court of competent jurisdiction approves a settlement of the claims against the indemnitee and finds that indemnification of the settlement and the related costs should be made, and the court considering the request for indemnification has been advised of the position of the SEC and of the published position of any state securities regulatory authority in which the securities were offered and sold as to indemnification for violations of securities laws. We may advance funds to an indemnitee for legal expenses and other costs incurred as a result of legal action for which indemnification is being sought only if all of the following conditions are met: (i) the legal action relates to acts or omissions with respect to the performance of duties or services on our behalf; (ii) the indemnitee has provided us with written affirmation of his or her good faith belief that he or she has met the standard of conduct necessary for indemnification; (iii) the legal action is initiated by a third party who is not a stockholder or the legal action is initiated by a stockholder acting in his or her capacity as such and a court of competent jurisdiction specifically approves such advancement; and (iv) the indemnitee undertakes to repay the advanced funds to us, together with the applicable legal rate of interest thereon, in cases in which he or she is found not to be entitled to indemnification. We may not incur the cost of that portion of liability insurance which insures the indemnitee for any liability as to which the indemnitee is prohibited from being indemnified under our charter and bylaws.

 

Investment Adviser

 

The Investment Advisory Agreement provides that Flat Rock Global and its officers, directors, controlling persons and any other person or entity affiliated with it acting as our agent shall not be entitled to indemnification for any liability or loss suffered by such indemnitee, nor shall such indemnitee be held harmless for any loss or liability suffered by us, unless (i) the indemnitee has determined, in good faith, that the course of conduct which caused the loss or liability was in the best interests of the Company; (ii) the indemnitee was acting on behalf of or performing services for the Company; (iii) such liability or loss was not the result of negligence or misconduct by the indemnitee; and (iv) such indemnification or agreement to hold harmless is recoverable only out of the Company’s net assets and not from stockholders. In addition, the indemnitee shall not be indemnified for any losses, liabilities or expenses arising from or out of an alleged violation of federal or state securities laws unless one or more of the following conditions are met: (i) there has been a successful adjudication on the merits of each count involving alleged securities law violations as to the particular indemnitee; (ii) such claims have been dismissed with prejudice on the merits by a court of competent jurisdiction as to the particular indemnitee; or (iii) a court of competent jurisdiction approves a settlement of the claims against a particular indemnitee and finds that indemnification of the settlement and related costs should be made, and the court of law considering the request for indemnification has been advised of the position of the SEC and the published position of any state securities regulatory authority in which securities of the Company were offered or sold as to indemnification for violations of securities laws.

 

Item 13. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

Set forth below are the audited financial statements included in this Registration Statement.

 

 

Page

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

F-2

Statement of Assets and Liabilities as of May 15, 2017

F-3

Notes to Statement of Assets and Liabilities

F-4

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

The Board of Directors and Stockholder

 

Flat Rock Capital Corp.:

 

We have audited the accompanying statement of assets and liabilities of Flat Rock Capital Corp. (the Company) as of May 15, 2017. The statement of assets and liabilities is the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on this financial statement based on our audit.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) and in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statement is free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statement. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statement referred to above presents fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Flat Rock Capital Corp. as of May 15, 2017, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

/s/ KPMG LLP

New York, New York

 

May 22, 2017

 

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Flat Rock Capital Corp.

 

Statement of Assets and Liabilities as of May 15, 2017

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

200,000

 

 

 

 

 

Total Assets

 

$

200,000

 

 

 

 

 

Net Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Assets

 

 

 

Common shares, $0.001 par value;

150,000,000 shares authorized;

10,000 shares issued and outstanding

 

$

10

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

199,990

 

 

 

 

 

Total Net Assets

 

$

200,000

 

 

 

 

 

Net Asset Value Per Share

 

$

20.00

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of this financial statement.

 

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Flat Rock Capital Corp.

 

Notes to Statement of Assets and Liabilities as of May 15, 2017

 

(1)         Organization and Basis of Presentation

 

Organization

 

Flat Rock Capital Corp. (the “Company”) is a Maryland corporation formed on March 20, 2017. The Company was formed primarily to originate and make loans to middle-market companies in the United States. The Company’s investment objective is the preservation of capital while generating current income from our debt investments and seeking to maximize our portfolio’s total return.

 

As of May 15, 2017, no operations other than the sale and issuance of 10,000 shares of common stock on May 3, 2017, at an aggregate purchase price of $200,000 ($20.00 per share) to Robert K. Grunewald, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, have occurred. The sale of common shares was approved by the unanimous consent of the Company’s sole director at the time.

 

The Company intends to elect to be regulated as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940.

 

The Company intends to be managed by Flat Rock Global, LLC (the “Adviser”). No management fees will be paid to the Adviser until commencement of commercial activities.  The Adviser will be registered as an investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, prior to our election to be regulated as a BDC.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) and pursuant to Regulation S-X.  The Company is an Investment Company under U.S. GAAP and follows the accounting and reporting guidance applicable to investment companies.

 

Fiscal Year End

 

The Company’s fiscal year ends on December 31.

 

(2)         Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Such estimates could differ from those estimates and such differences could be material.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents consist of demand deposits and highly liquid investments (e.g. U.S. treasury notes) with original maturities of three months or less. Cash and cash equivalents are carried at cost, which approximates fair value. The Company deposits its cash and cash equivalents with highly-rated banking corporations and, at times, may exceed the insured limits under applicable law.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company intends to elect to be treated as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, for the taxable year ending December 31, 2017. So long as the Company maintains its status as a RIC, it generally will not pay corporate-level U.S. federal income taxes on any ordinary income or capital gains that it distributes at least annually to its stockholders as dividends. Rather, any tax liability related to income earned by the Company represents obligations of the Company’s investors and will not be reflected in the financial statements of the Company.

 

To qualify as a RIC, the Company must, among other things, meet certain source-of-income and asset diversification

 

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requirements. In addition, to qualify for RIC tax treatment, the Company must distribute to its stockholders, for each taxable year, at least 90% of its “investment company taxable income” for that year, which is generally its ordinary income plus the excess of its realized net short-term capital gains over its realized net long-term capital losses. In order for the Company not to be subject to U.S. federal excise taxes, it must distribute annually an amount at least equal to the sum of (i) 98% of its net ordinary income (taking into account certain deferrals and elections) for the calendar year, (ii) 98.2% of its capital gains in excess of capital losses for the calendar year and (iii) any net ordinary income and capital gains in excess of capital losses for preceding years that were not distributed during such years. The Company, at its discretion, may carry forward taxable income in excess of calendar year dividends and pay a 4% nondeductible U.S. federal excise tax on this income.

 

The Company evaluates tax positions taken or expected to be taken in the course of preparing its consolidated financial statements to determine whether the tax positions are “more-likely-than-not” to be sustained by the applicable tax authority. Tax positions not deemed to meet the “more-likely-than-not” threshold are reserved and recorded as a tax benefit or expense in the current year. All penalties and interest associated with income taxes are included in income tax expense. Conclusions regarding tax positions are subject to review and may be adjusted at a later date based on factors including, but not limited to, on-going analyses of tax laws, regulations and interpretations thereof. To qualify for and maintain qualification as a RIC, the Company must, among other things, meet certain source-of-income and asset diversification requirements. In addition, to qualify for RIC tax treatment, the Company must distribute to its stockholders, for each taxable year, at least 90% of its “investment company taxable income” for that year, which is generally its ordinary income plus the excess, if any, of its realized net short-term capital gains over its realized net long-term capital losses.

 

Organization and Offering Expenses

 

Generally, costs associated with the organization of the Company are expensed as incurred, and costs incurred in connection with a continuous offering are deferred and amortized over twelve months. However, the Adviser has agreed to bear all organization expenses and offering costs incurred in connection with the private offering and such expenses will not be subject to reimbursement by the Company.

 

Accounting Standards

 

Management does not believe any recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the accompanying financial statement.

 

(4)         Related Party Transactions

 

The Company intends to enter into an Administration Agreement and an Investment Advisory Agreement with Flat Rock Global, LLC.

 

(3)         Commitments and Contingencies

 

From time to time, the Company may become a party to certain legal proceedings incidental to the normal course of its business. At May 15, 2017, management is not aware of any pending or threatened litigation.

 

(4)         Net Assets

 

In connection with its formation, the Company has the authority to issue 125,000,000 shares of common stock  at $0.001 par value per share and 25,000,000 shares of preferred stock.

 

(5)         Subsequent Events

 

There have been no subsequent events that require recognition or disclosure through the date that the statement of assets and liabilities was available to be issued other than the following:

 

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On May 16, 2017, the Company entered into the Investment Advisory Agreement with Flat Rock Global, LLC. Under the terms of the Investment Advisory Agreement, the Adviser will be responsible for managing the Company’s business and activities, including sourcing investment opportunities, conducting research, performing diligence on potential investments, structuring its investments, and monitoring its portfolio companies on an ongoing basis through a team of investment professionals.

 

The Adviser’s services under the Investment Advisory Agreement are not exclusive, and it is free to furnish similar services to other entities so long as its services to the Company are not impaired.

 

Under the terms of the Investment Advisory Agreement, the Company will pay the Adviser a base management fee and an incentive fee. The cost of both the management fee and the incentive fee will ultimately be borne by the Company’s stockholders. The Company will commence accruing fees under the Investment Advisory Agreement upon commencement of the Company’s investment operations.

 

The management fee will be payable quarterly in arrears. The management fee will be payable at an annual rate of 1.375% of the average value of the Company’s gross assets at the end of the Company’s two most recently completed calendar quarters. The management fee for any partial quarter will be appropriately prorated.

 

The incentive fee consists of two parts. The first part, which we refer to as the subordinated incentive fee on income, is calculated and payable quarterly in arrears based on 15% of our pre-incentive fee net investment income for the immediately preceding quarter. The payment of the subordinated incentive fee on income is subject to payment of a preferred return to investors each quarter, expressed as a quarterly rate of return on adjusted capital at the beginning of the most recently completed calendar quarter, of 1.5% (6.0% annualized), subject to a “catch up” feature. The foregoing incentive fee is subject to a total return requirement, which provides that no incentive fee in respect of our pre-incentive fee net investment income is payable except to the extent that 15.0% of the cumulative net increase in net assets resulting from operations for the prior twelve quarters exceeds the cumulative incentive fees accrued and/or paid for the prior twelve quarters. In other words, any subordinated incentive fee on income that is payable in a calendar quarter is limited to the lesser of (i) 15.0% of the amount by which our pre-incentive fee net investment income for such calendar quarter that exceeds the 1.5% hurdle, subject to the “catch-up” provision and (ii) (x) 15.0% of the cumulative net increase in net assets resulting from operations for the prior twelve quarters minus (y) the cumulative incentive fees accrued and/or paid for the prior twelve quarters. For the foregoing purpose, the “cumulative net increase in net assets resulting from operations” is the sum of our pre-incentive fee net investment income, realized gains and losses and unrealized gains and losses since inception.

 

The total return requirement described above is designed to measure the performance of Flat Rock Global over a longer time horizon than on a quarterly basis and to ensure that Flat Rock Global does not earn fees for exceeding the hurdle rate in selected quarters while under-performing on a longer-term basis. The total return requirement is likewise designed to incentivize Flat Rock Global to not focus solely on quarterly performance, but to seek investments that exhibit strong performance on a long-term basis. We believe that the total return requirement is beneficial to investors and has the potential to reduce the fees payable to Flat Rock Global in the event of under-performance on a long-term basis.

 

Under the capital gains component of the incentive fee, we pay Flat Rock Global at the end of each calendar year 15.0% of our aggregate cumulative realized capital gains from inception through the end of that year, computed net of our aggregate cumulative realized capital losses and our aggregate cumulative unrealized losses through the end of such year, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gain incentive fees. For the foregoing purpose, our “aggregate cumulative realized capital gains” does not include any unrealized gains. It should be noted that we accrue an incentive fee for accounting purposes taking into account any unrealized gains in accordance with GAAP. The capital gains component of the incentive fee is not subject to any minimum return to stockholders. If such amount is negative, then no capital gains incentive fee is payable for such year. Additionally, if the Investment Advisory Agreement is terminated as of a date that is not a calendar year end, the termination date is treated as though it were a calendar year end for purposes of calculating and paying the capital gains incentive fee.

 

Unless earlier terminated as described below, the Investment Advisory Agreement will remain in effect until May 16, 2019 and will remain in effect from year-to-year thereafter if approved annually by a majority of the Board of Directors or by the holders of a majority of our outstanding voting securities and, in each case, by a majority of independent directors who are not “interested persons” of the Company as defined in the 1940 Act.

 

The Investment Advisory Agreement will automatically terminate within the meaning of the 1940 Act and related SEC guidance and interpretations in the event of its assignment. In accordance with the 1940 Act, without payment of any penalty, the Company may terminate the Investment Advisory Agreement with the Adviser upon 60 days’ written notice and a majority vote of the independent board of directors who are not “interested persons” of the Company or the stockholders holding a majority (as defined under the 1940 Act) of the outstanding shares of our common stock. In addition, without payment of any penalty, the Adviser may only be able to terminate the Investment Advisory Agreement upon 120 days’ written notice.

 

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On May 16, 2017, the Company entered into the Administration Agreement with Flat Rock Global, LLC. Under the terms of the Administration Agreement, the Adviser will perform, or oversee the performance of, required administrative services, which includes providing office space, equipment and office services, maintaining financial records, preparing reports to shareholders and reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and managing the payment of expenses and the performance of administrative and professional services rendered by others.

 

The Company will reimburse the Adviser for services performed for it pursuant to the terms of the Administration Agreement. In addition, pursuant to the terms of the Administration Agreement, the Adviser may delegate its obligations under the Administration Agreement to an affiliate or to a third party and the Company will reimburse the Adviser for any services performed for it by such affiliate or third party.

 

No person who is an officer, director, or employee of the Adviser or its affiliates and who serves as a director of the Company receives any compensation from the Company for his or her services as a director. However, the Company reimburses the Adviser (or its affiliates) for an allocable portion of the compensation paid by the Adviser or its affiliates to the Company’s Chief Compliance Officer, Chief Financial Officer and their respective staffs (based on the percentage of time those individuals devote, on an estimated basis, to the business and affairs of the Company). Directors who are not affiliated with the Adviser receive compensation for their services and reimbursement of expenses incurred to attend meetings.

 

Unless earlier terminated as described below, the Administration Agreement will remain in effect until May 16, 2019 and from year to year thereafter if approved annually by (1) the vote of the Company’s Board of Directors, or by the vote of a majority of its outstanding voting securities, and (2) the vote of a majority of the Company’s directors who are not “interested persons” of the Company, of the Adviser or of any of their respective affiliates, as defined in the 1940 Act. The Administration Agreement may be terminated at any time, without the payment of any penalty, by the Company on 60 days’ written notice, by the vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of the Company, or by the vote of the Board of Directors or on 120 days’ notice by the Adviser.

 

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Item 14. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

There are not and have not been any disagreements between the Company and its accountant on any matter of accounting principles, practices, or financial statement disclosure.

 

Item 15. Financial Statements and Exhibits

 

(a) List separately all financial statements filed

 

The financial statements included in this Registration Statement are listed in Item 13 and commence on page F-3.

 

(b) Exhibits

 

Exhibit Index

 

3.1

 

Articles of Incorporation of Flat Rock Capital Corp. (1)

 

 

 

3.2

 

Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation (3)

 

 

 

3.3

 

Bylaws (2)

 

 

 

4.1

 

Form of Subscription Agreement (3)

 

 

 

10.1

*

Amendment No. 1 to Investment Advisory Agreement

 

 

 

10.2

 

Administration Agreement (3)

 

 

 

10.3

 

Form of Custody Agreement (2)

 


*                 Filed herewith.

 

(1)         Incorporated by reference to the initial filing of the Registration Statement (SEC File No. 000-55767) filed with the SEC on March 24, 2017.

 

(2)         Incorporated by reference to Amendment No. 1 to the Registration Statement on Form 10 (SEC File No. 000-55767) filed with the SEC on May 1, 2017.

 

(3)         Incorporated by reference to Amendment No. 2 to the Registration Statement on Form 10 (SEC File No. 000-55767) filed with the SEC on May 19, 2017.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date: May 22, 2017

Flat Rock Capital Corp.

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Robert K. Grunewald

 

 

Name:  Robert K. Grunewald

 

 

Title:    Chief Executive Officer

 

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