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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ___________ to ___________
Commission file number 001-37994
logoverticaltransbluea08.jpg
JBG SMITH PROPERTIES
________________________________________________________________________________
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland
81-4307010
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
4747 Bethesda Avenue
 
Bethesda
MD
20814
Suite 200
(Zip Code)
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (240) 333-3600
_______________________________                
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Shares, par value $0.01 per share
JBGS
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No     Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) Yes No
As of February 20, 2020, JBG SMITH Properties had 134,882,302 common shares outstanding.
As of June 30, 2019, the aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was approximately $5.1 billion based on the June 30, 2019 closing share price of $39.34 per share on the New York Stock Exchange.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Part III incorporates by reference information from certain portions of the registrant's definitive proxy statement for its 2020 annual meeting of shareholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this report relates.





JBG SMITH PROPERTIES
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Page
PART I
Item 1.
Business
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2.
Properties
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
PART II
Item 5.
Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of
   Equity Securities
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
Item 9B.
Other Information
PART III
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
Item 14.
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
PART IV
Item 15.
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16.
Form 10-K Summary
 
Signatures


2




PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS
The Company
JBG SMITH Properties ("JBG SMITH") is a real estate investment trust ("REIT") that owns, operates, invests in, and develops a dynamic portfolio of high-growth mixed-use properties in and around Washington, D.C. Through an intense focus on placemaking, JBG SMITH cultivates vibrant, amenity-rich, walkable neighborhoods throughout the Capital region, including National Landing where it now serves as the exclusive developer for Amazon.com’s ("Amazon") new headquarters. In addition, our third-party asset management and real estate services business provides fee-based real estate services to third parties and the legacy funds (the "JBG Legacy Funds") formerly organized by The JBG Companies ("JBG"). References to "our share" refer to our ownership percentage of consolidated and unconsolidated assets in real estate ventures.
As of December 31, 2019, our Operating Portfolio consists of 62 operating assets comprising 44 commercial assets totaling 12.7 million square feet (10.7 million square feet at our share) and 18 multifamily assets totaling 7,111 units (5,327 units at our share). Additionally, we have (i) seven assets under construction comprising four commercial assets totaling 943,000 square feet (821,000 square feet at our share) and three multifamily assets totaling 1,011 units (833 units at our share); and (ii) 40 future development assets totaling 21.9 million square feet (18.7 million square feet at our share) of estimated potential development density. We present combined portfolio operating data that aggregates assets that we consolidate in our financial statements and assets in which we own an interest, but do not consolidate in our financial results. For more information regarding our assets, see Item 2 "Properties."
We define "square feet" or "SF" as the amount of rentable square feet of a property that can be rented to tenants, defined as (i) for commercial assets, rentable square footage defined in the current lease and for vacant space the rentable square footage defined in the previous lease for that space, (ii) for multifamily assets, management’s estimate of approximate rentable square feet, (iii) for assets under construction and near-term development assets, management’s estimate of approximate rentable square feet based on current design plans as of December 31, 2019, and (iv) for future development assets, management’s estimate of developable gross square feet based on its current business plans with respect to real estate owned or controlled as of December 31, 2019. "Metro" is the public transportation network serving the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, and we consider "Metro-served" to be locations, submarkets or assets that are generally within walking distance of a Metro station, defined as being within 0.5 miles of an existing or planned Metro station. "Annualized rent" is defined as (i) for commercial assets, or the retail component of a mixed-use asset, the in-place monthly base rent before free rent, plus tenant reimbursements as of December 31, 2019, multiplied by 12, with triple net leases converted to a gross basis by adding estimated tenant reimbursements to monthly base rent, and (ii) for multifamily assets, or the multifamily component of a mixed-use asset, the in-place monthly base rent before free rent as of December 31, 2019, multiplied by 12. Annualized rent excludes rent from signed but not yet commenced leases.
Corporate Structure and Formation Transaction
JBG SMITH was organized as a Maryland REIT on October 27, 2016 for the purpose of receiving, via the spin-off on July 17, 2017 (the "Separation"), substantially all of the assets and liabilities of Vornado Realty Trust's ("Vornado") Washington, D.C. segment, which operated as Vornado / Charles E. Smith, (the "Vornado Included Assets"). On July 18, 2017, JBG SMITH acquired the management business and certain assets and liabilities (the "JBG Assets") of JBG (the "Combination"). The Separation and the Combination are collectively referred to as the "Formation Transaction." Unless the context otherwise requires, all references to "we," "us," "our" or other similar terms refer to the Vornado Included Assets (our predecessor and accounting acquirer) for periods prior to the Separation and to JBG SMITH for periods after the Separation. Substantially all of our assets are held by, and our operations are conducted through, JBG SMITH Properties LP ("JBG SMITH LP"), our operating partnership. As of December 31, 2019, we, as its sole general partner, controlled JBG SMITH LP and owned 89.9% of its common limited partnership units ("OP Units").
Our Strategy
Our mission is to own and operate a high-growth portfolio of Metro-served, urban-infill office, multifamily and retail assets concentrated in leading urban infill submarkets or with proximity to downtown Washington, D.C. and to grow this portfolio through value-added development and acquisitions. We have significant expertise in office, multifamily and retail product types, our core asset classes. We believe we are known for our creative deal-making and capital allocation skills and for our development and value creation expertise across our core product types.
One of our approaches to value creation uses a series of complementary disciplines through a process we call "Placemaking." Placemaking involves strategically mixing high-quality multifamily and commercial buildings with anchor, specialty and neighborhood retail in a high density, thoughtfully planned and designed public space. Through this process, we create synergies,

3




and thus value, across those varied uses and create unique, amenity-rich, walkable neighborhoods that are desirable and enhance significant tenant and investor demand. We believe that our Placemaking approach will increase occupancy and rental rates in our portfolio, particularly with respect to our concentrated and extensive land and building holdings in National Landing, the newly defined interconnected and walkable neighborhood that encompasses Crystal City, the eastern portion of Pentagon City and the northern portion of Potomac Yard. National Landing is situated across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., and we believe it is one of the region’s best-located urban mixed-use communities. It is defined by its central and easily accessible location, its adjacency to Reagan National Airport, and its base of existing offices, apartments and hotels.

Since mid-2017, we have been focused on a comprehensive plan to reposition our holdings in National Landing through a broad array of Placemaking strategies. Our Placemaking strategies include the delivery of new multifamily and office developments, locally sourced amenity retail and thoughtful improvements to the streetscape, sidewalks, parks and other outdoor gathering spaces. In keeping with our dedication to Placemaking, each new project is intended to contribute to authentic and distinct neighborhoods by creating a vibrant street environment with a robust offering of amenity retail and improved public spaces.
In November 2018, Amazon announced it had selected sites that we own in National Landing in Northern Virginia as the location of an additional headquarters. To date, Amazon has executed leases totaling approximately 857,000 square feet at five office buildings in our National Landing portfolio. In March 2019, we executed three initial leases with Amazon totaling approximately 537,000 square feet at three of our office buildings in National Landing. These three initial leases encompass approximately 88,000 square feet at 241 18th Street South, approximately 191,000 square feet at 1800 South Bell Street, and approximately 258,000 square feet at 1770 Crystal Drive. Amazon began moving into 241 18th Street South and 1800 South Bell in 2019, and we expect Amazon to begin moving into 1770 Crystal Drive by the end of 2020. In April 2019, we executed a lease with Amazon for an additional approximately 48,000 square feet of office space at 2345 Crystal Drive in National Landing. Amazon moved its first employees into 2345 Crystal Drive during the second quarter of 2019. In December 2019, we executed a lease with Amazon for an additional approximately 272,000 square feet of office space at 2100 Crystal Drive in National Landing. We expect Amazon to begin occupying space at 2100 Crystal Drive in late 2020.

In March 2019, we also executed purchase and sale agreements with Amazon for two of our National Landing development sites, Metropolitan Park and Pen Place, which will serve as the initial phase of new construction associated with Amazon’s new headquarters at National Landing. Subject to customary closing conditions, Amazon contracted to acquire these two development sites for an estimated aggregate $293.9 million, or $72.00 per square foot based on their combined estimated potential development density of up to approximately 4.1 million square feet. In May 2019, Amazon submitted its plans to Arlington County for approval of two new office buildings, totaling 2.1 million square feet, inclusive of over 50,000 square feet of street-level retail with new shops and restaurants, on the Metropolitan Park land sites. In January 2020, we sold the Metropolitan Park land sites to Amazon for $155.0 million, which represents an $11.0 million increase over the previously estimated contract value resulting from an increase in the approved development density on the sites. We expect the sale of the Pen Place land site to Amazon to be completed in 2021. We are the developer, property manager and retail leasing agent for Amazon’s new headquarters at National Landing.

In February 2019, the Commonwealth of Virginia enacted an incentives bill, which provides tax incentives to Amazon if it creates up to 37,850 full-time jobs with average salaries of $150,000 or higher in National Landing. As part of the incentive package, we expect $1.8 billion in infrastructure and education investments led by state and local governments.
Our primary business objectives are to maximize cash flow and generate strong risk-adjusted returns for our shareholders. We intend to pursue these objectives through the following strategies:
Focus on High-Growth Mixed-Use Assets in Metro-Served Submarkets in the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. We intend to continue our longstanding strategy of owning and operating assets within urban-infill, Metro-served submarkets in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area with high barriers to entry and key urban amenities, including being within walking distance of the Metro. These submarkets, which include the District of Columbia; National Landing, the Rosslyn-Ballston Corridor, Reston and Alexandria in Virginia; and Bethesda, Silver Spring and the Rockville Pike Corridor in Maryland, generally feature strong economic and demographic attributes, as well as superior transportation infrastructure that caters to the preferences of our office, multifamily and retail tenants. We believe these positive attributes will allow our assets located in these submarkets to outperform the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area as a whole.
Realize Contractual Embedded Growth. We believe there are substantial near-term growth opportunities embedded in our existing Operating Portfolio, many of which are contractual in nature, including the burn-off of free rent, contractual rent escalators in our non-GSA office and retail leases based on increases in the Consumer Price Index or a fixed percentage, and the commencement of signed but not yet commenced leases. "GSA" refers to the General Services Administration, which is the independent federal government agency that manages real estate procurement for the federal government and federal agencies.

4




Drive Incremental Growth Through Lease-up of Our Assets. We believe that we are well-positioned to achieve significant internal growth through lease-up of the vacant space in our Operating Portfolio, including certain recently developed assets, given our leasing capabilities and the tenant demand for high-quality space in our submarkets. As of December 31, 2019, we had 44 operating commercial assets totaling 12.7 million square feet (10.7 million square feet at our share), which were 91.4% leased at our share, resulting in 893,000 square feet available for lease.
Deliver Our Assets Under Construction. As of December 31, 2019, we had seven high-quality assets under construction in which we expect to make an estimated incremental investment of $196.9 million at our share. Our assets under construction consist of four commercial assets totaling 943,000 square feet (821,000 square feet at our share) and three multifamily assets totaling 1,011 units (833 units at our share), all of which are Metro-served. We believe these projects provide significant potential for value creation. As of December 31, 2019, 85.1% (86.8% at our share) of our commercial assets under construction were pre-leased. We define "estimated incremental investment" to mean management’s estimate of the remaining cost to be incurred in connection with the development of an asset as of December 31, 2019, including all remaining acquisition costs, hard costs, soft costs, tenant improvements (excluding free rent converted to tenant improvement allowances), leasing costs and other similar costs to develop and stabilize the asset but excluding any financing costs and ground rent expenses.
Develop Our Significant Future Development Pipeline. We have a significant pipeline of opportunities for value creation through ground-up development, with the goal of producing favorable risk-adjusted returns on invested capital. We expect to be active in developing these opportunities while maintaining prudent leverage levels. Our future development pipeline consists of 40 assets. We estimate our future development pipeline can support over 21.9 million square feet (18.7 million square feet at our share), including the approximately 4.1 million square feet under contract for sale to Amazon as of December 31, 2019, of estimated potential development density, with 96.7% of this potential development density being Metro-served based on our share of estimated potential development density. The estimated potential development densities and uses reflect our current business plans as of December 31, 2019 and are subject to change based on market conditions. We characterize our future development pipeline as our assets that are development opportunities on which we do not intend to commence construction within 18 months of December 31, 2019 where we (i) own land or control the land through a ground lease or (ii) are under a long-term conditional contract to purchase or enter into a leasehold interest with respect to land.
Our future development pipeline includes six parcels attached to assets in our Operating Portfolio that would require a redevelopment of 413,000 office and/or retail square feet (315,000 square feet at our share) and 324 multifamily units (185 units at our share), which generated $5.1 million of annualized net operating income ("NOI") at our share for the year ended December 31, 2019, to access 3.7 million square feet (2.5 million square feet at our share) of total estimated potential development density.
Redevelop and Reposition Our Assets. We evaluate our portfolio on an ongoing basis to identify value-creating redevelopment and renovation opportunities, including the addition of amenities, unit renovations and building and landscaping enhancements. We intend to seek to increase occupancy and rents, improve tenant quality and enhance cash flow and value by completing the redevelopment and repositioning of certain of our assets, including the use of our Placemaking process. This approach is facilitated by our extensive proprietary research platform and deep understanding of submarket dynamics. We believe there are significant opportunities to apply our Placemaking process across our portfolio.
Rigorous Approach to Capital Allocation. An important component of maximizing long-term net asset value ("NAV") per share is prudent capital allocation. We evaluate development, acquisition and disposition decisions based on how they impact long-term NAV per share. Because distinct segments of our market present substantial downside risk while others offer attractive upside, our pursuit of long-term NAV growth takes many forms, some of which sit on opposite ends of the risk-taking spectrum. Where we see elevated asset pricing, potential excess supply, and/or limited prospects for future growth, we will likely sell assets. Given the attractive pricing of office assets and our long-term objective of shifting our portfolio toward a 50:50 mix of office and multifamily, we are currently targeting dispositions primarily of office assets in submarkets where we have less concentration and where we anticipate lower growth rates going forward relative to other opportunities within our portfolio. We are also focused on opportunities to turn land assets into income streams or retained capital.
The acquisitions market in the Washington, D.C. area continues to be competitive, and we remain cautious. We expect near-term acquisition activity to be focused on assets with redevelopment potential in emerging growth neighborhoods, as well as assets adjacent to our existing holdings where the combination of sites can add unique value to any new investment. Where there are opportunities to trade out of higher risk assets with extensive capital needs or those outside of our geographic footprint, we will consider like-kind exchanges under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code").

5




Third-Party Services Business
Our third-party asset management and real estate services platform provides fee-based real estate services to third parties, the JBG Legacy Funds and the Washington Housing Initiative ("WHI"), which intends to pursue a transformational approach to producing affordable workforce housing and creating sustainable, mixed-income communities in the Washington, D.C. region. Although a significant portion of the assets and interests in assets formerly owned by certain of the JBG Legacy Funds were contributed to us in the Combination, the JBG Legacy Funds retained certain assets that are not consistent with our long-term business strategy. With respect to the JBG Legacy Funds and for most assets that we hold through real estate ventures, we continue to provide the same asset management, property management, construction management, leasing and other services that were provided prior to the Combination by the management business that we acquired in the Combination. Other than the WHI, we do not intend to raise any future investment funds, and the JBG Legacy Funds will be managed and liquidated over time. We expect to continue to earn fees from these funds as they are wound down, as well as from any real estate venture arrangements currently in place and any new real estate venture and/or development arrangements entered into in the future, including with Amazon. We expect the fees from retaining management and leasing of sold assets, Amazon-related fees that we expect to receive and other third-party fee income streams to offset the wind down of the JBG Legacy Fund business over time. Certain individual members of our management team own direct equity co-investment and promote interests in the JBG Legacy Funds that were not contributed to us. As the JBG Legacy Funds are wound down over time, these economic interests will decrease and will be eventually eliminated.
We believe that the fees we earn in connection with providing these services will enhance our overall returns, provide additional scale and efficiency in our operating, development and acquisition businesses and generate capital which we can use to absorb overhead and other administrative costs of the platform. This scale provides competitive advantages, including market knowledge, buying power and operating efficiencies across all product types. We also believe that our existing relationships arising out of our third-party asset management and real estate services business will continue to provide potential capital and new investment opportunities.
Competition

The commercial real estate markets in which we operate are highly competitive. We compete with numerous acquirers, developers, owners and operators of commercial real estate including other REITs, private real estate funds, domestic and foreign financial institutions, life insurance companies, pension trusts, partnerships and individual investors, many of which own or may seek to acquire or develop assets similar to ours in the same markets in which our assets are located. These competitors may have greater financial resources or access to capital than we do or be willing to acquire assets in transactions which are more highly leveraged or are less attractive from a financial viewpoint than we are willing to pursue. Leasing is a major component of our business and is highly competitive. The principal means of competition in leasing are lease terms (including rent charged and tenant improvement allowances), location, services provided and the nature and condition of the asset to be leased. If our competitors offer space at rental rates below current market rates, below the rental rates we currently charge our tenants, in better locations within our markets, in higher quality assets or offer better services, we may lose potential tenants and we may be pressured to reduce our rental rates below those we currently charge to retain tenants when our tenants’ leases expire.
Seasonality
Our revenues and expenses are, to some extent, subject to seasonality during the year, which impacts quarterly net earnings, cash flows and funds from operations that affects the sequential comparison of our results in individual quarters over time. We have historically experienced higher utility costs in the first and third quarters of the year.
Segment Data
We operate in the following business segments: commercial, multifamily and third-party asset management and real estate services. Financial information related to these business segments for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2019 is set forth in Note 18 to our consolidated and combined financial statements included herein.
Tax Status
We have elected to be taxed as a REIT under Sections 856-860 of the Code. Under those sections, a REIT which distributes at least 90% of its REIT taxable income as dividends to its shareholders each year and which meets certain other conditions will not be taxed on that portion of its taxable income which is distributed to its shareholders. Prior to the Separation, Vornado operated as a REIT and distributed 100% of its REIT taxable income to its shareholders; accordingly, no provision for federal income taxes has been made in the accompanying financial statements for the periods prior to the Separation. We currently adhere and intend to continue to adhere to these requirements and to maintain our REIT status in future periods.


6




As a REIT, we can reduce our taxable income by distributing all or a portion of such taxable income to shareholders. Future distributions will be declared and paid at the discretion of our Board of Trustees and will depend upon cash generated by operating activities, our financial condition, capital requirements, annual dividend requirements under the REIT provisions of the Code and such other factors as our Board of Trustees deems relevant.
We also participate in the activities conducted by our subsidiary entities that have elected to be treated as taxable REIT subsidiaries ("TRS") under the Code. As such, we are subject to federal, state, and local taxes on the income from these activities. Income taxes attributable to our TRSs are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Under the asset and liability method, deferred income taxes arise from temporary differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements, which will result in taxable or deductible amounts in the future.
Significant Tenants
Only the U.S. federal government accounted for 10% or more of our rental revenue, which consists of property rentals and other property revenue, as follows:
 
Year Ended December 31,
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
2017
Rental revenue from the U.S. federal government
$
86,644

 
$
94,822

 
$
92,192

Percentage of commercial segment rental revenue
21.2
%
 
22.0
%
 
24.0
%
Percentage of total rental revenue
16.7
%
 
17.6
%
 
19.4
%
Sustainable Business Strategy
Our business values integrate environmental sustainability, social responsibility and strong governance practices throughout our organization, which includes the design and construction of our new developments and the operation of our existing buildings. We believe that by understanding the social and environmental impacts of our business, we are better able to protect asset value, reduce risk and advance initiatives that result in positive social and environmental outcomes creating shared value. Our business model prioritizes maximizing long-term NAV per share. By investing in urban infill and transit-oriented development and strategically mixing high-quality multifamily and commercial buildings with public areas, retail spaces, and walkable streets, we are working to define neighborhoods that deliver benefits to the environment and our community, as well as long-term value to our shareholders.
We remain committed to transparent reporting of environmental, social and governance ("ESG") financial and non-financial indicators. We publish an annual sustainability report that is aligned with the Global Reporting Initiative ("GRI") reporting framework, Sustainable Development Goals, Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) standards and recommendations set forth by the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures. More detailed sustainability information, including our strategy, key performance indicators, annual absolute and like-for-like comparisons, achievements and historical environmental, social, governance reports are available on our website at https://www.JBGSMITH.com/About/Sustainability.
We focus on operating efficiency, responding to evolving environmental and social trends, and delivering on the needs of our tenants and communities. We have demonstrated the results of this focus by:
Achieving a 4-star rating in the Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark (GRESB) Real Estate Assessment and 2019 Global Sector Leader - Diversified - Office/Residential Sector
Maintaining oversight of environmental and social matters by the Board of Trustees' Corporate Governance & Nominating Committee
Surpassing $104 million in investor commitments to the WHI Impact Pool, which is the social impact investment vehicle of the WHI (the "Impact Pool"), and closing its first investment, a $15.1 million mezzanine loan for the purchase of a residential community in Alexandria, Virginia. We launched the WHI in partnership with the Federal City Council to preserve or build between 2,000 and 3,000 units of affordable workforce housing in the Washington, D.C. region over the next decade.

Our sustainability team works directly with our business units to integrate our ESG principles throughout our operations and investment process. The sustainability team includes our Vice President of Sustainability and a Sustainability Associate. The Vice President reports directly to our Chief Operating Officer. The team is responsible for annual ESG reporting, maintaining building certifications, betterment program design and implementation and coordinating with industry and community partners.


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To ensure that our ESG principles are fully integrated into our business practices, Steering Committees, including members of our management team, provide top-down support for the implementation of ESG initiatives. The ESG team provides our Board of Trustees' Corporate Governance & Nominating Committee with periodic updates on ESG strategy.

Energy and Water Management
We believe that the efficient use of resources will result in sustainable long-term growth. We use green building certifications as a verification tool across our portfolio. These certifications demonstrate our commitment to sustainable design and performance. At a minimum we strive to benchmark our assets to help inform capital improvement projects. As of December 31, 2019:
69% of all operating assets, based on square footage, have earned at least one green certification:
7.3 million square feet of LEED Certified Commercial Space (69%)
1.6 million square feet of LEED Certified Multifamily Space (37%)
4.4 million square feet of ENERGY STAR Certified Commercial Space (41%)
1.9 million square feet of ENERGY STAR Certified Multi-family Space (42%)
84% of our operational assets' energy and water use are benchmarked

Our long-term strategy to reduce energy and water consumption includes operational and capital improvements that align with our business plan and contribute to our sustainability goals. Asset teams review historical performance, conduct energy audits and regularly assess opportunities to achieve efficiency targets. Capital investment planning considers the useful life of equipment, energy and water efficiency, occupant health impacts and maintenance requirements.

We have committed to improve the energy efficiency of our commercial Operating Portfolio by at least 20% over the next 10 years through the Department of Energy Better Buildings Challenge. Our data demonstrates improved energy performance by an average of 2.9% each year since 2014, which is consistent with a cumulative improvement of 10%, and is on track to meet or exceed the improvement goal by 2024. We achieve this through real time energy use monitoring.

Tenant Sustainability Impacts
Customer service is an integral component of real estate management. Our mission includes creating a unique experience at all of our properties where our tenants’ needs are our highest priority. We believe in sustainability as a service — by integrating efficiency and conservation into standard operating practices, we engage on topics that are most impactful to our tenants. We are committed to providing a healthy living and working environment for building occupants. We accomplish this goal through monitoring and improving indoor air quality, eliminating toxic chemicals, providing access to nature and daylight, and encouraging nutrition and fitness.

We are a Green Lease Leader established by the Institute for Market Transformation (IMT) and the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Better Buildings Alliance. Green Lease Leaders recognizes companies who utilize the leasing process to achieve better collaboration between landlords and tenants with the goal of reducing building energy consumption and operating costs. Our standard lease contains a cost recovery clause for resource efficiency-related capital improvements and requires tenants to provide data for measuring, managing, and reporting sustainability performance. This language covers 100% of our new leases.
Climate Change Adaptation
We take climate change, and the risks associated with climate change, seriously, and we are committed to aligning our investment strategy with science. We stand with our communities, tenants, and fellow shareholders in supporting meaningful solutions that address this global challenge. To develop a more informed view of future climate conditions and further our understanding of the direct physical risks to our properties, we have conducted a climate risk assessment, which includes our operating assets and land holdings in our future development pipeline. The results of this assessment will be presented to senior management, and we expect it will inform our asset management planning and design of our new developments moving forward.

Social Responsibility
We believe the strength of our entire community is central to sustaining the long-term value of our portfolio. We are committed to the economic development of the Washington region through continued investment in our projects and local communities. We recognize, however that new development also fosters challenging growth dynamics, with issues of social equity at the forefront. We strive to work alongside community members, leaders, and local and federal governments to appropriately respond to these challenges. The most recent example of our commitment is the WHI, which we launched in partnership with the Federal City Council. To date, we have committed to invest $10.2 million in the Impact Pool component of the WHI and our Executive Vice President of Social Impact Investing manages this effort.

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The WHI is a transformational market-driven approach to producing affordable workforce housing and creating sustainable, mixed-income communities. The WHI is a scalable, market-driven model funded by a unique relationship between philanthropy and private investment. The WHI’s Impact Pool has surpassed $104 million in investor commitments and closed its first investment, a $15.1 million mezzanine loan for the purchase of a residential community in Alexandria, Virginia. The initiatives’ goals include:
Preserving or building between 2,000 and 3,000 units of affordable workforce housing in the Washington, D.C. region over the next decade; and
Delivering triple bottom line results consisting of environmental and social objectives in addition to financial returns.

We recognize that diversity in our workforce brings valuable perspectives, views and ideas to our organization. We pride ourselves on our strong, collaborative culture, and we strive to create an inclusive and healthy work environment for our employees, which allows us to continue to attract innovative thinkers to our organization. Our workforce comprises 38% females and 55% minorities, and our senior leadership has 41% female representation. Our Board of Trustees comprises 17% females. Our Board of Trustees has made a long‑term commitment to evolve in a direction that reflects the strength and diversity of our national labor force and establish an equal balance between men and women and one that reflects the diversity of our country.

To learn more about our ESG initiatives, please visit JBGSMITH.com/about/sustainability and download our Sustainability Report. Our Internet website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Environmental Matters
Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations, an owner of real estate is liable for the costs of removal or remediation of certain hazardous or toxic substances on such real estate. These laws often impose such liability without regard to whether the owner knew of, or was responsible for, the presence of such hazardous or toxic substances. The costs of remediation or removal of such substances may be substantial and the presence of such substances, or the failure to promptly remediate such substances, may adversely affect the owner’s ability to sell such real estate or to borrow using such real estate as collateral. In connection with the ownership and operation of our assets, we may be potentially liable for such costs. The operations of current and former tenants at our assets have involved, or may have involved, the use of hazardous materials or generated hazardous wastes. The release of such hazardous materials and wastes could result in us incurring liabilities to remediate any resulting contamination. The presence of contamination or the failure to remediate contamination at our properties may (1) expose us to third-party liability (e.g., for cleanup costs, natural resource damages, bodily injury or property damage), (2) subject our properties to liens in favor of the government for damages and costs the government incurs in connection with the contamination, (3) impose restrictions on the manner in which a property may be used or businesses may be operated, or (4) materially adversely affect our ability to sell, lease or develop the real estate or to borrow using the real estate as collateral. In addition, our assets are exposed to the risk of contamination originating from other sources. While a property owner may not be responsible for remediating contamination that has migrated onsite from an identifiable and viable offsite source, the contaminant’s presence can have adverse effects on operations and the redevelopment of our assets. To the extent we send contaminated materials to other locations for treatment or disposal, we may be liable for the cleanup of those sites if they become contaminated.
Most of our assets have been subject, at some point, to environmental assessments that are intended to evaluate the environmental condition of the subject and surrounding assets. These environmental assessments generally have included a historical review, a public records review, a visual inspection of the site and surrounding assets, visual or historical evidence of underground storage tanks, and the preparation and issuance of a written report. Soil and/or groundwater subsurface testing is conducted at our assets, when necessary, to further investigate any issues raised by the initial assessment that could reasonably be expected to pose a material concern to the property or result in us incurring material environmental liabilities as a result of redevelopment. They may not, however, have included extensive sampling or subsurface investigations. In each case where the environmental assessments have identified conditions requiring remedial actions required by law, we have initiated appropriate actions. The environmental assessments did not reveal any material environmental contamination that we believe would have a material adverse effect on our overall business, financial condition or results of operations, or that have not been anticipated and remediated during site redevelopment as required by law. Nevertheless, there can be no assurance that the identification of new areas of contamination, changes in the extent or known scope of contamination, the discovery of additional sites or changes in cleanup requirements would not result in significant cost to us.
Employees
Our headquarters are located at 4747 Bethesda Avenue, Suite 200, Bethesda, MD 20814. As of December 31, 2019, we had 1,017 employees.

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Available Information
Copies of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports are available free of charge through our website (www.JBGSMITH.com) as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Also available on our website are copies of our Audit Committee Charter, Compensation Committee Charter, Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee Charter, Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and Corporate Governance Guidelines. In the event of any changes to these charters or the code or guidelines, changed copies will also be made available on our website. Copies of these documents are also available directly from us free of charge. Our website also includes other financial information, including certain financial measures not in compliance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"), none of which is a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Copies of our filings under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), are also available free of charge from us, upon request.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

You should carefully consider the following risks in evaluating our company and our common shares. If any of the following risks were to occur, our business, prospects, financial condition, results of operations, cash flow and the ability to make distributions to our shareholders could be materially and adversely affected, which we refer herein collectively as a "material adverse effect on us," the per share trading price of our common shares could decline significantly, and you could lose all or a part of your investment. Some statements in this Form 10-K, including statements in the following risk factors, constitute forward-looking statements. Refer to the section entitled "Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements" for additional information regarding these forward-looking statements.
 
Risks Related to Our Business and Operations
 
Our portfolio of assets is geographically concentrated in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area and submarkets therein, and particularly concentrated in National Landing, which makes us susceptible to regional and local adverse economic and other conditions such that an economic downturn affecting this area could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
All our assets are located in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. As a result, we are particularly susceptible to adverse economic or other conditions in this market (such as periods of economic slowdown or recession, business layoffs or downsizing, industry slowdowns, actual or anticipated federal government shutdowns, uncertainties related to federal elections, relocations of businesses, increases in real estate and other taxes, and the cost of complying with governmental regulations or increased regulation), as well as to natural disasters (including earthquakes, floods, storms and hurricanes), potentially adverse effects of climate change and other disruptions that occur in this market (such as terrorist activity or threats of terrorist activity and other events), any of which may have a greater impact on the value of our assets or on our operating results than if we owned a more geographically diverse portfolio. This market has experienced economic downturns in past years. Similar or worse economic downturns in the future could have a material adverse effect on us. We cannot assure you that this market will grow or that underlying real estate fundamentals will be favorable to our asset classes or future development.

Moreover, the same risks that apply to the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area as a whole also apply to the individual submarkets where our assets are located. National Landing makes up more than half of our portfolio based on square footage at our share. Portions of our market, including National Landing, have underperformed other markets in the region with respect to rent growth and occupancy. Any adverse economic or other conditions in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, our submarkets, especially National Landing, or any decrease in demand for office, multifamily or retail assets could have a material adverse effect on us.


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Our assets and the property development market in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area are dependent on a metropolitan economy that is heavily reliant on federal government spending, and any actual or anticipated curtailment of such spending could have a material adverse effect on us.  
 
The real estate and property development market in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area is heavily dependent upon actual and anticipated federal government spending and the professional services and other industries that support the federal government. Any actual or anticipated curtailment of federal government spending, whether due to an actual or potential change of presidential administration or control of Congress, actual or anticipated federal government sequestrations, furloughs or shutdowns, a slowdown of the U.S. and/or global economy or other factors, could have an adverse impact on real estate values and property development in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, on demand and willingness to enter into long-term contracts for office space by the federal government and companies dependent upon the federal government, as well as on occupancy rates and annualized rents of multifamily and retail assets by occupants or patrons whose employment is by or related to the federal government. These curtailments in federal spending or changes in federal leasing policy could occur in the future, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

If Amazon invests less than the announced amounts in National Landing or makes such investment over a longer period, our ability to achieve the benefits associated with Amazon's headquarters location in National Landing could be adversely affected, which could have a material adverse effect on us and the market price of our common shares. Furthermore, National Landing could fail to achieve the anticipated collateral financial effect associated with Amazon's headquarters, which could have a material adverse effect on us and the market price of our common shares.

The benefits of Amazon's additional headquarters locating in National Landing that might accrue to us may be less than we, financial or industry analysts or investors anticipate. For example, if Amazon invests less than the announced amounts in National Landing or makes such investment over a longer period than anticipated, or if its business prospects decline, our ability to achieve the benefits associated with Amazon’s headquarters location in National Landing could be adversely affected. Furthermore, Amazon’s headquarters location in National Landing may not have the anticipated collateral financial effect. If we do not achieve the perceived benefits of such location as rapidly or to the extent anticipated by us, financial or industry analysts or investors, we and potentially the market price of our common shares could be adversely affected.

Amazon also currently leases a significant amount of office space from us, all or a substantial portion of which, we expect it will likely vacate following completion of the office buildings it is currently developing on land purchased from us in National Landing. If we are unable to re-lease that space at market rents, it could have a material adverse effect on us and the market price of our common shares.

We derive a significant portion of our revenues from U.S. federal government tenants and we may face additional risks and costs associated with directly managing assets occupied by government tenants.
 
In the year ended December 31, 2019, approximately 21.2% of the rental revenue from our commercial segment was generated by rentals to federal government tenants, and federal government tenants historically have been a significant source of new leasing for us. In the year ended December 31, 2019, GSA was our largest single tenant, with 67 leases comprising 23.4% of total annualized rent at our share. The occurrence of events that have a negative impact on the demand for federal government office space, such as a decrease in federal government payrolls or a change in policy that prevents governmental tenants from renting our office space, would have a much larger adverse effect on our revenues than a corresponding occurrence affecting other categories of tenants. If demand for federal government office space were to decline, it would be more difficult for us to lease our buildings and could reduce overall market demand and corresponding rental rates, all of which could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
Lease agreements with these federal government agencies contain provisions required by federal law, which require, among other things, that the lessor of the property agree to comply with certain rules and regulations, including rules and regulations related to anti-kickback procedures, examination of records, audits and records, equal opportunity provisions, prohibition against segregated facilities, certain executive orders, subcontractor cost or pricing data, and certain provisions intending to assist small businesses. We directly manage assets with federal government agency tenants and, therefore, we are subject to additional risks associated with compliance with all applicable federal rules and regulations. In addition, there are certain additional requirements relating to the potential application of equal opportunity provisions and the related requirement to prepare written affirmative action plans applicable to government contractors and subcontractors. Some of the factors used to determine whether these requirements apply to a company that is affiliated with the actual government contractor (the legal entity that is the lessor under a lease with a federal government agency) include whether such company and the government contractor are under common ownership, have common management, and are under common control. We own the entity that is the government contractor and the property manager, increasing the risk that requirements of the Employment Standards Administration’s Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs and requirements to prepare affirmative action plans pursuant to the applicable executive order may be determined to

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be applicable to us. Compliance with these regulations is costly and any increase in regulation could increase our costs, which could have a material adverse effect on us.  
 
Capital markets and economic conditions can materially affect our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations, as well as the value of our equity and debt securities.
 
There are many factors that can affect the value of our equity securities and any debt securities we may issue in the future, including the state of the capital markets and the economy. Demand for office space may decline nationwide as it did in 2008 and 2009, due to an economic downturn, bankruptcies, downsizing, layoffs and cost cutting. Government action or inaction may adversely affect the state of the capital markets. The cost and availability of credit may be adversely affected by illiquid credit markets and wider credit spreads, which may adversely affect our liquidity and financial condition, including our results of operations, and the liquidity and financial condition of our tenants. Our inability or the inability of our tenants to timely refinance maturing liabilities and access the capital markets to meet liquidity needs may materially affect our financial condition and results of operations and the value of our equity securities and any debt securities we may issue in the future.
 
We are exposed to risks associated with real estate development and redevelopment, such as unanticipated expenses, delays and other contingencies, any of which could have a material adverse effect on us.
Real estate development and redevelopment activities are a critical element of our business strategy, and we expect to engage in such activities with respect to several of our properties and with properties that we may acquire in the future. To the extent that we do so, we will be subject to risks, including, without limitation:
construction or redevelopment costs of a project may exceed original estimates, possibly making the project less profitable than originally estimated, or unprofitable;
time required to complete the construction or redevelopment of a project or to lease-up the completed project may be greater than originally anticipated, thereby adversely affecting our cash flow and liquidity;
contractor, subcontractor and supplier disputes, strikes, labor disputes, weather conditions or supply disruptions;
failure to achieve expected occupancy and/or rent levels within the projected time frame, if at all;
delays with respect to obtaining, or the inability to obtain, necessary zoning, occupancy, land use and other governmental permits, and changes in zoning and land use laws;
occupancy rates and rents of a completed project may not be sufficient to make the project profitable;
incurrence of design, permitting and other development costs for opportunities that we ultimately abandon;
the ability of prospective real estate venture partners or buyers of our properties to obtain financing; and
the availability and pricing of financing to fund our development activities on favorable terms or at all.
Furthermore, if we develop assets in new markets or asset classes where we do not have the same level of market knowledge or experience as with our current markets and asset classes, then we may experience weaker than anticipated performance. These risks could result in substantial unanticipated delays or expenses and, under certain circumstances, could prevent the initiation or the completion of development or redevelopment activities, any of which could have a material adverse effect on us.
We may be unable to identify and complete acquisitions of properties that meet our criteria, which may impede our growth.
Our business strategy includes the acquisition of operating properties and properties to be held for development, including in connection with like-kind exchanges under the tax code. We evaluate the market for suitable acquisition candidates or investment opportunities that meet our criteria and are compatible with our growth strategies. However, we may be unable to acquire properties identified as potential acquisition opportunities on favorable terms, or at all. We may incur significant costs and divert management attention in connection with evaluating and negotiating potential acquisitions, including ones that we are subsequently unable to complete. If we are unable to complete planned like-kind exchanges using proceeds from asset dispositions, we will be required to distribute to our shareholders those proceeds rather than reinvest them to grow our portfolio. Even if we enter into agreements for the acquisition of properties, these agreements are subject to customary conditions to closing, including the completion of due diligence investigations and other conditions that are not within our control, which may not be satisfied. In addition, we may be unable to finance the acquisition on favorable terms or at all. Furthermore, if we acquire assets in new markets or asset classes where we do not have the same level of market knowledge or experience as with our current markets and asset classes, then we may experience weaker than anticipated performance. Our inability to identify, negotiate, finance or consummate property acquisitions, or acquire properties on favorable terms, or at all, could impede our growth and have a material adverse effect on us.

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Our future acquisitions may not yield the returns we expect, and we may otherwise be unable to operate acquired properties to meet our financial expectations, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
Our future acquisitions and our ability to successfully operate the properties we acquire in such acquisitions may expose us to the following significant risks:
even if we are able to acquire a desired property, competition from other potential acquirers may significantly increase the purchase price;
we may acquire properties that are not accretive to our results upon acquisition, and we may not be able to successfully manage and lease those properties to meet our expectations;
we may spend more than budgeted amounts to make necessary improvements or renovations to acquired properties;
we may be unable to integrate new acquisitions quickly and efficiently, particularly acquisitions of portfolios of properties, into our existing operations, and, as a result, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected;
market conditions may result in higher than expected vacancy rates and lower than expected rental rates; and
we may acquire properties subject to liabilities and without any recourse, or with only limited recourse, with respect to unknown liabilities, such as liabilities for clean‑up of undisclosed environmental contamination, claims by tenants, vendors or other persons dealing with the former owners of such properties, liabilities incurred in the ordinary course of business and claims for indemnification by general partners, trustees, officers and others indemnified by the former owners of such properties.
If our future acquisitions do not yield the returns we expect, and we are otherwise unable to operate acquired properties to meet our financial expectations, it could have a material adverse effect on us.
We may not be able to control our operating expenses, or our operating expenses may remain constant or increase, even if our revenues do not increase, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
Operating expenses associated with owning a property include real estate taxes, insurance, loan payments, maintenance, repair and renovation costs, the cost of compliance with governmental regulation (including zoning) and the potential for liability under applicable laws. If our operating expenses increase, our results of operations may be adversely affected. Moreover, operating expenses are not necessarily reduced when circumstances such as market factors, competition or reduced occupancy cause a reduction in revenues from the property. As a result, if revenues decline, we may not be able to reduce our operating expenses associated with the property. An increase in operating expenses or the inability to reduce operating expenses commensurate with revenue reductions could have a material adverse effect on us.
Partnership or real estate venture investments could be adversely affected by our lack of sole decision-making authority, our reliance on partners’ or co-venturers’ financial condition and disputes between us and our partners or co-venturers, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
As of December 31, 2019, approximately 11.8% of our assets measured by total square feet at our share were held through real estate ventures, and we expect to co-invest in the future with other third parties through partnerships, real estate ventures or other entities, acquiring noncontrolling interests in or sharing responsibility for managing the affairs of a property, partnership, real estate venture or other entity. In particular, we may use real estate ventures as a significant source of equity capital to fund our development strategy. Consequently, with respect to any such third-party arrangement, we would not be in a position to exercise sole decision-making authority regarding the property, partnership, real estate venture or other entity, or structure of ownership and may, under certain circumstances, be exposed to risks not present were a third party not involved, including the possibility that partners or co-venturers might become bankrupt or fail to fund their share of required capital contributions, and we may be forced to make contributions to maintain the value of the property. Partners or co-venturers may have economic or other business interests or goals that are inconsistent with our business interests or goals and may be in a position to take action or withhold consent contrary to our policies or objectives. In some instances, partners or co-venturers may have competing interests in our markets that could create conflict of interest issues. These investments may also have the potential risk of impasses on decisions, such as a sale, because neither we nor the partner or co-venturer would have full control over the partnership or real estate venture. We and our respective partners or co-venturers may each have the right to trigger a buy-sell right or forced sale arrangement, which could cause us to sell our interest, or acquire our partners’ or co-venturers’ interest, or to sell the underlying asset, either on unfavorable terms or at a time when we otherwise would not have initiated such a transaction. In addition, a sale or transfer by us to a third party of our interests in the partnership or real estate venture may be subject to consent rights or rights of first refusal in favor of our partners or co-venturers, which would in each case restrict our ability to dispose of our interest in the partnership or real estate venture. Where we are a limited partner or non-managing member in any partnership or limited liability company, if the entity takes or expects to take actions that could jeopardize our status as a REIT or require us to pay tax, we may be forced to dispose of our interest in that entity, including by contributing our interest to a subsidiary of ours that is subject to corporate level

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income tax. Disputes between us and partners or co-venturers may result in litigation or arbitration that would increase our expenses and prevent our officers and/or trustees from focusing their time and effort on our business. Consequently, actions by or disputes with partners or co-venturers might result in subjecting assets owned by the partnership or real estate venture to additional risk. In addition, we may in certain circumstances be liable for the actions of our third-party partners or co-venturers. Our real estate ventures may be subject to debt, and the refinancing of such debt may require equity capital calls. We will review the qualifications and previous experience of any partners and co-venturers, although we may not obtain financial information from, or undertake independent investigations with respect to, prospective partners or co-venturers. In addition, any cash distributions from real estate ventures will be subject to the operating agreements of the real estate ventures, which may limit distributions, the timing of distributions or specify certain preferential distributions among the respective parties. The occurrence of any of the risks described above could have a material adverse effect on us.

We may be unable to renew leases, lease vacant space or re-let space as leases expire, or do so on favorable terms, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
As of December 31, 2019, leases representing 12.8% of our share of the office and retail square footage in our Operating Portfolio are scheduled to expire during the year ending December 31, 2020 or have month-to-month terms, and 11.5% of our share of the square footage of the assets in our commercial portfolio was unoccupied and not generating rent. We cannot assure you that expiring leases will be renewed or that our assets will be re-let at rental rates equal to or above current average rental rates or that substantial free rent, tenant improvements, early termination rights or below-market renewal options will not be offered to attract new tenants or retain existing tenants.

In addition, our ability to lease our multifamily assets at favorable rates, or at all, may be adversely affected by any increase in supply and/or deterioration in the multifamily market, which is dependent upon the overall level of spending in the economy; and spending is adversely affected by, among other things, job losses and unemployment levels, recession, personal debt levels, housing market conditions, stock market volatility and uncertainty about the future.

If the rental rates on new leases at our assets decrease, our existing tenants do not renew their leases, or we do not re-let a significant portion of our available space and space for which leases expire, it could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
We depend on major tenants in our commercial portfolio, and the bankruptcy, insolvency or inability to pay rent of any of these tenants could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
As of December 31, 2019, the 20 largest office and retail tenants in our Operating Portfolio represented approximately 54.2% of our share of total annualized office and retail rent. In many cases, through tenant improvement allowances and other concessions, we have made substantial upfront investments in leases with our major tenants that we may not recover if they fail to pay rent through the end of the lease term.
 
The inability of a major tenant to pay rent, or the bankruptcy or insolvency of a major tenant, may adversely affect the income produced by our Operating Portfolio. For example, WeWork, which represents 2.1% of our share of total annualized office and retail rent, has recently experienced publicized issues regarding its management and capitalization. If a major tenant were unable to pay rent, or were to become bankrupt or insolvent, this may adversely affect the income produced by our Operating Portfolio. Additionally, if a tenant becomes bankrupt or insolvent, federal law may prohibit us from evicting such tenant based solely upon such bankruptcy or insolvency. In addition, a bankrupt or insolvent tenant may be authorized to reject and terminate its lease with us. If a lease is rejected by a tenant in bankruptcy, we may have only a general unsecured claim for damages that is limited in amount and may only be paid to the extent that funds are available and in the same percentage as is paid to all other holders of unsecured claims. Moreover, any claim against this tenant for unpaid, future rent would be subject to a statutory cap that might be substantially less than the remaining rent owed under the lease.

If any of our major tenants were to experience a downturn in its business, or a weakening of its financial condition resulting in its failure to make timely rental payments or causing it to default under its lease, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as landlord and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment. Any such event could have a material adverse effect on us.
 

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We derive a significant portion of our revenues from five of our assets.
 
As of December 31, 2019, five of our assets in the aggregate generated approximately 25% of our share of annualized rent. The occurrence of events that have a negative impact on one or more of these assets, such as a natural disaster that damages one or more of these assets, would have a much larger adverse effect on our revenues than a corresponding occurrence affecting a less significant property. A substantial decline in the revenues generated by one or more of these assets could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
We derive most of our revenues from commercial assets and are subject to risks that affect the businesses of our commercial tenants, which are generally financial, legal and other professional firms as well as the federal government and defense contractors.
 
As of December 31, 2019, our 44 operating commercial assets generated approximately 75.7% of our share of annualized rent. As a result, the occurrence of events that have a negative impact on the market for office space, such as increased unemployment in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, would have a much larger adverse effect on our revenues than a corresponding occurrence affecting our multifamily segment. Many of our office tenants are financial, legal and other professional firms, as well as the federal government and defense contractors. Consequently, we are subject to factors that affect the financial, legal and professional services industries or the federal government generally, including the state of the economy, stock market volatility, and the level of unemployment. These factors could adversely affect the financial condition of our office tenants and the willingness of firms to lease space in our office buildings, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on us.

Some of our assets depend on anchor or major retail tenants to attract shoppers and could be adversely affected by the loss of, or a store closure by, one or more of these tenants.
 
Some of our assets are anchored by large, nationally recognized tenants. These tenants may experience a downturn in their business that may significantly weaken their financial condition. As a result, these tenants may fail to comply with their contractual obligations to us, seek concessions from us to continue operations or declare bankruptcy, any of which could result in the termination of these tenants’ leases. In addition, some of our tenants may cease operations at stores in our assets while continuing to pay rent. Moreover, mergers or consolidations among large retail establishments could result in the closure of existing stores or duplicate or geographically overlapping store locations, which could include stores at our assets.
 
Loss of, or a store closure by, an anchor or significant tenant could decrease customer traffic, thereby decreasing sales for our other tenants at the applicable retail property. If sales of our other tenants decrease, they may be unable to pay their minimum rents or expense recovery charges. These circumstances may significantly reduce our occupancy level or the rent we receive from our retail assets, and we may not have the right to re-lease vacated space or we may be unable to re-lease vacated space at attractive rents or at all. Moreover, if a significant tenant or anchor store defaults, we may experience delays and costs in enforcing our rights as landlord to recover amounts due to us under the terms of our agreements with those parties.
 
The occurrence of any of the situations described above, particularly if it involves an anchor or major tenant with leases in multiple locations, could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
Our Placemaking business model depends in significant part on a retail component, which frequently involves retail assets embedded in or adjacent to our commercial and/or multifamily assets, making us subject to risks that affect the retail environment generally, such as competition from discount and online retailers, weakness in the economy, consumer spending and the financial condition of large retail companies, any of which could adversely affect market rents for retail space and the willingness or ability of retailers to lease space in our retail assets.

We own and operate retail real estate assets and, consequently, are subject to factors that affect the retail environment generally, as well as the market for retail space. The retail environment and the market for retail space have previously been, and continue to be, adversely affected by increasing competition from online retailers and other online businesses. Additionally, discount retailers and outlet malls, weakness in national, regional and local economies, consumer spending, consumer confidence, adverse financial condition of some large retailing companies, ongoing consolidation in the retail sector and an excess amount of retail space in a number of markets could also adversely affect our retail assets. Increases in online consumer spending may significantly affect our retail tenants’ ability to generate sales in their stores. This inability to generate sales may cause retailers to, among other things, close stores, decrease the size of new or existing stores, ask for concessions from us or go bankrupt, all of which could have a material adverse effect on us.


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Additionally, our Placemaking model depends in significant part on a retail component, which frequently involves retail assets embedded in or adjacent to our office and/or multifamily assets, and if our retail assets lose tenants, whether to the proliferation of online businesses or otherwise, it could have a material adverse effect on us.

If we fail to reinvest in and redevelop our assets to maintain their attractiveness to retailers and shoppers, then retailers or shoppers may perceive that shopping at other venues or online is more convenient, cost-effective or otherwise more attractive, which could negatively affect our ability to rent retail space at our assets.
 
Any of the foregoing factors could adversely affect the financial condition of our retail tenants, the willingness of retailers to lease space from us, and the success of our Placemaking business model, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

The composition of our portfolio by asset type may change over time, which could expose us to different asset class risks than if our portfolio composition remained static.

We own commercial and multifamily assets, with commercial representing 75.7% of our annualized rent and 70.1% of our portfolio based on square footage. Therefore, our results of operations are more affected by conditions in the commercial market than markets for other asset types. If the composition of our portfolio changes, however, then we would become more exposed to the risks and markets of other asset classes. Under our current business plan, we expect that multifamily assets will become a greater proportion of our portfolio in the future. If we are successful in executing the current business plan, then we will become more exposed to the risks of the multifamily markets, and we may not manage those assets as well as our commercial assets, either of which could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
We may be adversely affected by trends in the office real estate industry.

Telecommuting, flexible work schedules, open workplaces, teleconferencing and the use of artificial intelligence are becoming more common. These practices enable businesses to reduce their space requirements. There is also an increasing trend among some businesses to utilize shared office spaces and co-working spaces. A continuation of the movement toward these practices could over time erode the overall demand for office space and, in turn, place downward pressure on occupancy, rental rates and property valuations.

Increased affordability of residential homes and other competition for tenants of our multifamily properties could affect our ability to retain current residents of our multifamily properties, attract new ones or increase or maintain rents, which could adversely affect our results of operations and our financial condition.

Our multifamily properties compete with numerous housing alternatives in attracting residents, including owner occupied single and multifamily homes. Occupancy levels and market rents may be adversely affected by national and local political, economic and market conditions including, without limitation, new construction and excess inventory of multifamily and owned housing/condominiums, increasing portions of owned housing/condominium stock being converted to rental use, rental housing subsidized by the government, other government programs that favor single family rental housing or owner occupied housing over multifamily rental housing, governmental regulations, slow or negative employment growth and household formation, the availability of low-interest mortgages or the availability of mortgages requiring little or no down payment for single family home buyers, changes in social preferences and the potential for geopolitical instability, all of which are beyond our control. Finally, the federal government’s policies, many of which may encourage home ownership, can increase competition, possibly limit our ability to raise rents in our markets and lower the value of our properties. Competitive housing and increased affordability of owner occupied single and multifamily homes caused by lower housing prices, an influx of supply of such housing alternatives, attractive mortgage interest rates and government programs to promote home ownership could adversely affect our ability to retain our current residents, attract new ones or increase or maintain rents, which could adversely affect our results of operations and our financial condition.

Real estate is a competitive business.
 
We compete with numerous acquirers, developers, owners and operators of commercial real estate including other REITs, private real estate funds, domestic and foreign financial institutions, life insurance companies, pension trusts, partnerships and individual investors, some of which may have greater financial resources and be willing to accept lower returns on their investments than we are. The principal means of competition in leasing are lease terms (including rent charged and tenant improvement allowances), location, services provided and the nature and condition of the asset to be leased. If our competitors offer space at rental rates below current market rates, below the rental rates we currently charge our tenants, in better locations within our markets, in higher quality assets or offer better services, we may lose potential tenants and we may be pressured to reduce our rental rates below those we currently charge to retain tenants when our tenants’ leases expire.


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Our success depends upon, among other factors, trends of the global, national, regional and local economies, the financial condition and operating results of current and prospective tenants and customers, availability and cost of capital, construction and renovation costs, taxes, governmental regulations, legislation and population and employment trends.    
 
We depend on leasing space to tenants on economically favorable terms and collecting rent from tenants who may not be able to pay.
 
Our financial results depend significantly on leasing space in our assets to tenants on economically favorable terms. In addition, because most of our income is derived from renting real property, our income, funds available to pay indebtedness and funds available for distribution to shareholders will decrease if our tenants cannot pay their rent or if we are not able to maintain occupancy levels on favorable terms. If a tenant does not pay its rent, we might not be able to enforce our rights as landlord without delays and might incur substantial legal and other costs. During periods of economic adversity, there may be an increase in the number of tenants that cannot pay their rent and an increase in vacancy rates, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
We may find it necessary to make rent or other concessions and/or significant capital expenditures to improve our assets to retain and attract tenants, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
We may find it necessary to make rent or other concessions to tenants, accommodate requests for renovations, build-to-suit remodeling and other improvements or provide additional services to our tenants. As a result, we may have to make significant capital or other expenditures to retain tenants whose leases expire and to attract new tenants in sufficient numbers. If the necessary capital is unavailable, we may be unable to make such expenditures. This could result in non-renewals by tenants upon expiration of their leases and our vacant space remaining untenanted, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
Affordable housing and tenant protection regulations may limit our ability to increase rents and pass through new or increased operating expenses to our tenants.
 
Certain states and municipalities have adopted laws and regulations imposing restrictions on the timing or amount of rent increases and other tenant protections. As of December 31, 2019, approximately 6% of the multifamily units in our Operating Portfolio were designated as affordable housing. In addition, Washington, D.C. and Montgomery County, Maryland have laws that require, in certain circumstances, an owner of a multifamily rental property to allow tenant organizations the option to purchase the building at a market price if the owner attempts to sell the property. We expect to continue operating and acquiring assets in areas that either are subject to these types of laws or regulations or where such laws or regulations may be enacted in the future. Such laws and regulations limit our ability to charge market rents, increase rents, evict tenants or recover increases in our operating expenses and could make it more difficult for us to dispose of assets in certain circumstances.
 
Our success depends on our senior management team whose continued service is not guaranteed, and the loss of one or more of these persons could adversely affect our ability to manage our business and to implement our growth strategies or could create a negative perception in the capital markets.
 
Our success and our ability to implement and manage anticipated future growth depend, in large part, upon the efforts of our senior management team, who have extensive market knowledge and relationships, and exercise substantial influence over our operational, financing, acquisition and disposition activity. Members of our senior management team have national or regional industry reputations that attract business and investment opportunities and assist us in negotiations with lenders, existing and potential tenants and other industry participants. The loss of services of one or more members of our senior management team, or our inability to attract and retain similarly qualified personnel, could adversely affect our business, diminish our investment opportunities and weaken our relationships with lenders, business partners, existing and prospective tenants and industry participants, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
The actual density of our future development pipeline and/or any particular future development parcel may not be consistent with our estimated potential development density.
 
As of December 31, 2019, we estimate that our 40 future development assets will total 21.9 million square feet (18.7 million square feet at our share) of estimated potential development density. We caution you not to place undue reliance on the potential development density estimates for our future development pipeline and/or any particular future development parcel because they are based solely on our estimates, using data available to us, and our business plans as of December 31, 2019. The actual density of our future development pipeline and/or any particular future development parcel may differ substantially from our estimates based on numerous factors, including our inability to obtain necessary zoning, land use and other required entitlements, legal challenges to our plans by activists and others, as well as building, occupancy and other required governmental permits and authorizations, and changes in the entitlement, permitting and authorization processes that restrict or delay our ability to develop, redevelop or use

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our future development pipeline at anticipated density levels. Moreover, we may strategically choose not to develop, redevelop or use our future development pipeline to its maximum potential development density or may be unable to do so as a result of factors beyond our control, including our ability to obtain financing on terms and conditions that we find acceptable, or at all, to fund our development activities. We can provide no assurance that the actual density of our future development pipeline and/or any particular future development parcel will be consistent with our estimated potential development density.
 
We may not be able to realize potential incremental annualized rent from our commercial, multifamily or other lease-up opportunities.
 
Based on current market demand in our submarkets and the efforts of our dedicated in-house leasing teams, we believe we can increase our occupancy and revenue at certain office, multifamily and retail assets. However, we cannot assure you that we will be able to realize potential incremental annualized rent from our commercial, multifamily or other lease-up opportunities. Our ability to increase our occupancy and revenue at certain commercial, multifamily and other assets may be adversely affected by an increase in supply and/or deterioration in the commercial, multifamily or other markets. In addition, if our competitors offer space at rental rates below current asking rates or below our in-place rates, we may experience difficulties attracting new tenants or retaining existing tenants and may be pressured to reduce our rental rates below those we currently charge or to offer more substantial free rent, tenant improvements, early termination rights or below-market renewal options in order to attract or retain tenants. We caution you not to place undue reliance on our belief that we can increase our occupancy and revenue at certain office, multifamily and retail assets.
 
We may from time to time be subject to litigation, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
We are a party to various claims and routine litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. Some of these claims or others to which we may be subject from time to time may significantly divert the attention of our officers and/or trustees and result in defense costs, settlements, fines or judgments against us, some of which are not, or cannot be, covered by insurance. Payment of any such costs, settlements, fines or judgments that are not insured could have a material adverse effect on us. In addition, certain litigation or the resolution of certain litigation may affect the availability or cost of some of our insurance coverage, which could adversely impact our results of operations and cash flow, expose us to increased risks that would be uninsured, and/or adversely impact our ability to attract officers and trustees.
Some of our potential losses may not be covered by insurance.
 
We maintain general liability insurance as well as all-risk property and rental value insurance coverage, with sub-limits for certain perils such as floods and earthquakes on each of our properties. However, there can be no assurance that losses incurred by us will be covered by these insurance policies. For example, product defects not covered by manufacturers’ warranties may not be covered by our insurance policies. We maintain coverage for terrorism acts including terrorism involving nuclear, biological, chemical and radiological terrorism events, as defined by the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2019 ("TRIPRA"), which expires in December 2027. We will continue to monitor the state of the insurance market and the scope and costs of coverage for acts of terrorism. However, we cannot provide assurance that such coverage will be available on commercially reasonable terms in the future.
Our mortgage loans are generally non-recourse and contain customary covenants requiring adequate insurance coverage. Although we believe that we currently have adequate insurance coverage for purposes of these agreements, we may not be able to obtain an equivalent amount of coverage at reasonable costs in the future. If lenders insist on greater coverage than we can obtain, it could adversely affect the ability to finance or refinance the properties.
 
Compliance or failure to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act or other safety regulations and requirements could result in substantial costs.
 
The Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA") generally requires that public buildings, including our assets, meet certain federal requirements related to access and use by disabled persons. Noncompliance could result in the imposition of fines by the federal government or the award of damages to private litigants and/or legal fees to their counsel. If, under the ADA, we are required to make substantial alterations and capital expenditures in one or more of our assets, including the removal of access barriers, it could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
Our assets are subject to various federal, state and local regulatory requirements, such as state and local fire and life safety requirements. If we fail to comply with these requirements, we could incur fines or private damage awards. We do not know whether existing requirements will change or whether compliance with future requirements will require significant unanticipated expenditures that will affect our cash flow and results of operations.

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Terrorist attacks may adversely affect the value of our assets and our ability to generate revenue.
 
Our assets are in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, which has been and may be in the future the target of actual or threatened terrorism activity. Terrorist attacks in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area could directly or indirectly damage our assets, both physically and financially, or cause losses that materially exceed our insurance coverage. Properties that are occupied by federal government tenants may be more likely to be the target of a future attack. As a result of the foregoing, the value of our assets and our ability to generate revenues could decline materially, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
  
Our business and operations would suffer in the event of system failures.
 
Despite system redundancy, the implementation of security measures and the existence of a disaster recovery plan for our internal information technology systems, our systems are vulnerable to damages from any number of sources, including computer viruses, unauthorized access, energy blackouts, natural disasters, terrorism, war and telecommunication failures. Any system failure or accident that causes interruptions in our operations could result in a material disruption to our business. We may also incur additional costs to remedy damages caused by such disruptions. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
The occurrence of cyber incidents, or a deficiency in our cybersecurity, could negatively impact our business by causing a disruption to our operations, a compromise or corruption of our confidential information, regulatory enforcement and other legal proceedings and/or damage to our business relationships, all of which could negatively impact our financial results.
 
A cyber incident is any adverse event that threatens the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of our information resources. More specifically, a cyber incident is an intentional attack or an unintentional event that can include unauthorized persons gaining access to systems to disrupt operations, corrupt data or steal confidential information. The risk of a cyber incident or disruption, particularly through cyber attack or cyber intrusion, including by computer hackers, foreign governments and cyber terrorists, has generally increased as the number, intensity and sophistication of attempted attacks and intrusions from around the world have increased.

As our reliance on technology increases, so do the risks posed to our systems - both internal and external. Our primary risks that could directly result from the occurrence of a cyber incident are theft of assets; operational interruption; regulatory enforcement, lawsuits and other legal proceedings; damage to our relationships with our tenants; and private data exposure. A significant and extended disruption could damage our business or reputation, cause a loss of revenue, have an adverse effect on tenant relations, cause an unintended or unauthorized public disclosure, or lead to the misappropriation of proprietary, personally identifying, and confidential information, any of which could result in us incurring significant expenses to address and remediate or otherwise resolve these kinds of issues.

Although we have implemented processes, procedures and controls to help mitigate the risks associated with a cyber incident, there can be no assurance that these processes, procedures and controls will be sufficient for all possible situations. Even security measures that are appropriate, reasonable and/or in accordance with applicable legal requirements may not be sufficient to protect the information we maintain. Unauthorized parties, whether within or outside our company, may disrupt or gain access to our systems, or those of third parties with whom we do business, through human error, misfeasance, fraud, trickery, or other forms of deceit, including break-ins, use of stolen credentials, social engineering, phishing, computer viruses or other malicious codes, and similar means of unauthorized and destructive tampering. Even the most well protected information, networks, systems and facilities remain potentially vulnerable because the techniques used in such attempted cyber incidents evolve and generally are not recognized until launched against a target. Accordingly, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate security barriers or other preventative measures, making it impossible for us to entirely mitigate this risk.

Risks Related to the Formation Transaction
 
We have a limited history operating as an independent company, and our historical financial information is not necessarily representative of the results that we would have achieved as a separate, publicly traded company and may not be a reliable indicator of our future results.
 
The historical information included herein covering periods prior to the Formation Transaction refers to our business as operated by Vornado and JBG separately from each other. Our historical financial information included herein covering periods prior to the Formation Transaction is derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of Vornado and does not include the results of the assets contributed by JBG for any period prior to completion of the Formation Transaction. Accordingly, the historical financial information included herein does not necessarily reflect the financial condition, results of operations or

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cash flows that we would have achieved as a separate, publicly traded company during the periods presented or those that we will achieve in the future.

For additional information about the past financial performance of our business and the basis of presentation of the historical combined financial statements, refer to "Selected Financial Data," "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the historical financial statements and accompanying notes included herein.
 
We could be required to indemnify Vornado for certain material tax obligations that could arise as addressed in the Tax Matters Agreement.
 
The Tax Matters Agreement that we entered into with Vornado provides special rules that allocate tax liabilities if the distribution of JBG SMITH shares by Vornado, together with certain related transactions, is not tax-free. Under the Tax Matters Agreement, we may be required to indemnify Vornado against any taxes and related amounts and costs resulting from (i) an acquisition of all or a portion of our equity securities or our assets, whether by merger or otherwise, (ii) other actions or failures to act by us, or (iii) any of our representations or undertakings being incorrect or violated. In addition, under the Tax Matters Agreement, we are liable for any taxes attributable to us and our subsidiaries, unless such taxes are imposed on us or any of the REITs contributed by Vornado (i) with respect to a period before the distribution as a result of any action taken by Vornado after the distribution, or (ii) with respect to any period as a result of Vornado’s failure to qualify as a REIT for the taxable year of Vornado that includes the distribution.
 
Unless Vornado and JBG SMITH were both REITs immediately after the distribution of JBG SMITH from Vornado and at all times during the two years thereafter, JBG SMITH could be required to recognize certain corporate-level gains for tax purposes.
 
Section 355(h) of the Code provides that tax-free treatment will not be available unless, as relevant here, Vornado and JBG SMITH were both REITs immediately after the distribution.
 
In addition, subject to certain exceptions, a REIT must recognize corporate-level gain if it acquires property from a non-REIT "C" corporation in certain so-called "conversion" transactions and engages in a Section 355 transaction within ten years of such conversion. For this purpose, a conversion transaction refers to the qualification of a non-REIT "C" corporation as a REIT or the transfer of property owned by a non-REIT "C" corporation to a REIT. JBG SMITH or its subsidiaries have acquired property pursuant to conversion transactions within ten years of the distribution. One of the exceptions to the recognition of corporate-level gain applies to a distribution described in Section 355 of the Code in which the distributing corporation and the controlled corporation are both REITs immediately after such distribution and at all times during the two years thereafter.
 
We believe that each of Vornado and JBG SMITH qualifies as a REIT and operated in a manner so that each qualified immediately after the distribution and at all times during the two years after the distribution. However, if either Vornado or JBG SMITH failed to qualify as a REIT immediately after the distribution of JBG SMITH from Vornado or at any time during the two years after the distribution, then, for our taxable year that includes the distribution, the IRS may assert that JBG SMITH would have to recognize corporate-level gain on assets acquired in conversion transactions.

Potential indemnification liabilities to Vornado pursuant to the Separation and Distribution Agreement (the "Separation Agreement") could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
The Separation Agreement provides for indemnification obligations designed to make us financially responsible for substantially all liabilities that may exist relating to our business activities, whether incurred prior to or after the Formation Transaction, as well as those obligations of Vornado that we assumed pursuant to the Separation Agreement. If we are required to indemnify Vornado under the circumstances set forth in this agreement, we may be subject to substantial liabilities.
 
There may be undisclosed liabilities of the Vornado and JBG assets contributed to us in the Formation Transaction that might expose us to potentially large, unanticipated costs.
 
Prior to entering into the Master Transaction Agreement ("MTA"), each of Vornado and JBG performed diligence with respect to the business and assets of the other. However, these diligence reviews were necessarily limited in nature and scope and may not have adequately uncovered all of the contingent or undisclosed liabilities that we assumed in connection with the Formation Transaction, many of which may not be covered by insurance. The MTA does not provide for indemnification for these types of liabilities by either party post-closing, and, therefore, we may not have any recourse with respect to such unexpected liabilities. Any such liabilities could cause us to experience losses, which may be significant, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
 

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Certain of our trustees and executive officers may have actual or potential conflicts of interest because of their previous or continuing equity interest in, or positions at, Vornado or JBG, as applicable, including trustees and members of our senior management, who have an ownership interest in the JBG Legacy Funds and own carried interests in certain JBG Legacy Funds and in certain of our real estate ventures that entitles them to receive additional compensation if the fund or real estate venture achieves certain return thresholds.
 
Some of our trustees and executive officers are persons who are or have been employees of Vornado or were employees of JBG. Because of their current or former positions with Vornado or JBG, certain of our trustees and executive officers own Vornado common shares or other Vornado equity awards or equity interests in certain JBG Legacy Funds and related entities. In addition, one of our trustees continues to serve as chief executive officer and chairman of the Board of Trustees of Vornado. Ownership of Vornado common shares or interests in the JBG Legacy Funds, or service as a trustee or managing partner, as applicable, at either company, could create, or appear to create, potential conflicts of interest.
 
Certain of the JBG Legacy Funds own assets that were not contributed to us in the combination (the "JBG Excluded Assets"), which JBG Legacy Funds are owned in part by members of our senior management. In addition, although the asset management and property management fees associated with the JBG Excluded Assets were assigned to us upon completion of the Formation Transaction, the general partner and managing member interests in the JBG Legacy Funds held by former JBG executives (who became members of our management team) were not transferred to us and remain under the control of these individuals. As a result, our management’s time and efforts may be diverted from the management of our assets to management of the JBG Legacy Funds, which could adversely affect the execution of our business plan and our results of operations and cash flow.
 
In addition, members of our senior management have an ownership interest in the JBG Legacy Funds and own carried interests in each fund and in certain of our real estate ventures that entitle them to receive additional compensation if the fund or real estate venture achieves certain return thresholds. As a result, members of our senior management could be incentivized to spend time and effort maximizing the cash flow from the assets being retained by the JBG Legacy Funds and certain real estate ventures, particularly through sales of assets, which may accelerate payments of the carried interest but would reduce the asset management and other fees that would otherwise be payable to us with respect to the JBG Excluded Assets. These actions could adversely impact our results of operations and cash flow.

Other potential conflicts of interest with the JBG Legacy Funds include transactions with these funds and competition for tenants. We have, and in the future we may, enter into transactions with the JBG Legacy Funds, such as purchasing assets from them. Any such transaction would create a conflict of interest as a result of our management team’s interests on both sides of the transaction, because we manage the JBG Legacy Funds and because members of our management own interests in the general partner or other managing entities of the funds. We may compete for tenants with the JBG Legacy Funds and because we typically manage the assets of the JBG Legacy Funds, we may have a conflict of interest when competing for a tenant if the tenant is interested in assets owned by us and the JBG Legacy Funds. Any of the above described conflicts of interest could have a material adverse effect on us.

Vornado is not required to present investments to us that satisfy our investment guidelines before pursuing such opportunities on Vornado’s behalf.
 
Our declaration of trust provides that a trustee who is also a trustee, officer, employee or agent of Vornado or any of Vornado’s affiliates has no duty to communicate or present any business opportunity to us. Additionally, our agreements with Vornado do not require Vornado to present to us investment opportunities that satisfy our investment guidelines before Vornado pursues such opportunities. While Vornado advised us at the time of the Formation Transaction that it did not intend to make acquisitions within the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area after the Formation Transaction, should it choose to do so, Vornado is free to direct investment opportunities away from us, and we may be unable to compete with Vornado in pursuing such opportunities.

In connection with the Formation Transaction, Vornado agreed to indemnify us for certain pre-distribution liabilities and liabilities related to Vornado assets. However, there can be no assurance that these indemnities will be sufficient to protect us against the full amount of such liabilities, or that Vornado’s ability to satisfy its indemnification obligation will not be impaired in the future.
 
Pursuant to the Separation Agreement, Vornado agreed to indemnify us for certain liabilities. However, third parties could seek to hold us responsible for any of the liabilities that Vornado agreed to retain, and there can be no assurance that Vornado will be able to fully satisfy its indemnification obligations. Moreover, even if we ultimately succeed in recovering from Vornado any amounts for which we are held liable, such indemnification may be insufficient to fully offset the financial impact of such liabilities and/or we may be temporarily required to bear these losses while seeking recovery from Vornado.
 

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Risks Related to Our Indebtedness and Financing
 
We have a substantial amount of indebtedness, which may limit our financial and operating activities and expose us to the risk of default under our debt obligations.
 
As of December 31, 2019, we had $1.6 billion aggregate principal amount of consolidated debt outstanding, and our unconsolidated real estate ventures had $1.2 billion aggregate principal amount of debt outstanding ($330.2 million at our share), resulting in a total of $2.0 billion aggregate principal amount of debt outstanding at our share. A portion of our outstanding debt is guaranteed by our operating partnership, and we may incur significant additional debt to finance future acquisition and development activities.
 
Payments of principal and interest on borrowings may leave us with insufficient cash resources to operate our assets or to pay the dividends currently contemplated. Our level of debt and the limitations imposed on us by our debt agreements could have significant adverse consequences, including the following:
 
our cash flow may be insufficient to meet our required principal and interest payments;
we may be unable to borrow additional funds as needed or on favorable terms, which could, among other things, adversely affect our ability to meet operational needs;
we may be unable to refinance our indebtedness at maturity or the refinancing terms may be less favorable than the terms of our original indebtedness;
we may be forced to dispose of one or more of our assets, possibly on unfavorable terms or in violation of certain covenants to which we may be subject;
we may violate restrictive covenants in our loan documents, which would entitle the lenders to accelerate our debt obligations; and
our default under any loan with cross-default provisions could result in a default on other indebtedness.

If any one of these events were to occur, it could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
Our debt agreements include restrictive covenants, requirements to maintain financial ratios and default provisions, which could limit our flexibility and our ability to make distributions and require us to repay the indebtedness prior to its maturity.
 
The mortgages on our assets contain customary negative covenants that, among other things, limit our ability, without the prior consent of the lender, to further mortgage the property and to reduce or change insurance coverage. We have a $1.4 billion credit facility under which we have significant borrowing capacity. Additionally, our debt agreements contain customary covenants that, among other things, restrict our ability to incur additional indebtedness and may restrict our ability to engage in material asset sales, mergers, consolidations and acquisitions, and restrict our ability to make capital expenditures. These debt agreements, in some cases, also subject us to guarantor and liquidity covenants, and our credit facility requires, and other future debt may require, us to maintain various financial ratios. Some of our debt agreements contain cash flow sweep requirements and mandatory escrows, and our property mortgages generally require mandatory prepayments upon disposition of underlying collateral. Our ability to borrow is subject to compliance with these and other covenants, and failure to comply with our covenants could cause a default under the applicable debt instrument, and we may then be required to repay such debt with capital from other sources or give possession of a property to the lender. Under those circumstances, other sources of capital may not be available to us or may be available only on unattractive terms.
 
We may not be able to obtain capital to make investments.
 
Because the Code requires us, as a REIT, to distribute at least 90% of our taxable income, excluding net capital gains, to our shareholders, we depend primarily on external financing to fund the growth of our business. There is a separate requirement to distribute net capital gains or pay a corporate level tax in lieu thereof. Our access to debt or equity financing depends on the willingness of third parties to lend or make equity investments and on conditions in the capital markets generally. There can be no assurance that new financing will be available or available on acceptable terms.

Our future development plans are capital intensive. To complete these plans, we anticipate financing construction and development through asset sales, real estate ventures with third parties, recapitalizations of assets, and public or private equity offerings, or a combination thereof. Similarly, these plans require an even more significant amount of debt financing. If we are unable to obtain the required debt or equity capital, then we will not be able to execute our business plan, which could have a material adverse effect on us.


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For information about our available sources of funds, see "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Liquidity and Capital Resources" and the notes to the consolidated and combined financial statements included herein.
  
High mortgage rates and/or unavailability of mortgage debt may make it difficult for us to finance or refinance properties, which could reduce the number of properties we can acquire or retain, our net income and the amount of cash distributions we can make.
If mortgage debt is not available at reasonable rates, or if lenders currently under contractual obligations to lend to us fail to perform on such obligations, we may not be able to finance the purchase of properties. If we place mortgages on properties, we may be unable to refinance the properties when the loans become due, or refinance on favorable terms or at all, including as a result of increases in interest rates or a decline in the value of our portfolio or portions thereof. If principal payments due at maturity cannot be refinanced, extended or paid with proceeds from other capital transactions, such as new equity issuances, our operating cash flow may not be sufficient in all years to repay all maturing debt. This, in turn, could reduce cash available for distribution to our shareholders and may hinder our ability to raise more capital by issuing more shares or by borrowing more money. In addition, payments of principal and interest made to service our debts may leave us with insufficient cash to make distributions necessary to meet the distribution requirements imposed on REITs under the Code. As a result, we may be forced to postpone capital expenditures necessary for the maintenance of our properties, we may have to dispose of one or more properties on terms that would otherwise be unacceptable to us or we may be forced to allow the mortgage holder to foreclose on a property, any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on us.  
Mortgage debt obligations expose us to the possibility of foreclosure, which could result in the loss of our investment in a property or group of properties subject to mortgage debt.
Incurring mortgage and other secured debt obligations increases our risk of property losses because defaults on indebtedness secured by properties may result in foreclosure actions initiated by lenders and ultimately our loss of the property collateralizing loans for which we are in default. Any foreclosure on a mortgaged property or group of properties could adversely affect the overall value of our portfolio of properties. For tax purposes, a foreclosure on any of our properties that is subject to a nonrecourse mortgage loan would be treated as a sale of the property for a purchase price equal to the outstanding balance of the debt secured by the mortgage. If the outstanding balance of the debt secured by the mortgage exceeds our tax basis in the property, we would recognize taxable income on foreclosure, but would not receive any cash proceeds, which could hinder our ability to meet the REIT distribution requirements imposed by the Code.  
Variable rate debt is subject to interest rate risk that could increase our interest expense, increase the cost to refinance and increase the cost of issuing new debt.
As of December 31, 2019, $1.1 billion of our outstanding consolidated debt was subject to instruments that bear interest at variable rates, and we may also borrow additional money at variable interest rates in the future. We have made arrangements that hedge against the risk of rising interest rates with respect to $797.5 million of our outstanding consolidated debt; but with respect to the remainder, increases in interest rates would increase our interest expense under these instruments, increase the cost of refinancing these instruments or issuing new debt, and adversely affect our cash flow and our ability to service our indebtedness and make distributions to our shareholders, which could, in turn, adversely affect the market price of our common shares. Based on our aggregate variable rate debt outstanding as of December 31, 2019, an increase of 100 basis points in interest rates would result in a hypothetical increase of approximately $2.7 million in interest expense on an annual basis. The amount of this change includes the benefit of swaps and caps we currently have in place.
The future of the reference rate used in our existing floating rate debt instruments and hedging arrangements is uncertain, which could have an uncertain economic effect on these instruments, which could hinder our ability to maintain effective hedges and may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, per share market price of our common shares and ability to make distributions to our shareholders.
The REIT provisions of the Code impose certain restrictions on our ability to utilize hedges, swaps and other types of derivatives to hedge our liabilities. Subject to these restrictions, we may enter into hedging transactions to protect ourselves from the effects of interest rate fluctuations on floating rate debt. As of December 31, 2019, our hedging transactions include interest rate swap agreements, which covered $797.5 million of our outstanding consolidated debt. These agreements involve risks, such as the risk that such arrangements would not be effective in reducing our exposure to interest rate changes or that a court could rule that such an agreement is not legally enforceable. In addition, interest rate hedging can be expensive, particularly during periods of rising and volatile interest rates, which could reduce the overall returns on our investments. Failure to hedge effectively against interest rate changes could have a material adverse effect on us. In addition, while such agreements would be intended to lessen the impact

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of rising interest rates on us, they could also expose us to the risk that the other parties to the agreements would not perform, and that the hedging arrangements may not be effective in reducing our exposure to interest rate changes. Moreover, there can be no assurance that our hedging arrangements will qualify as highly effective cash flow hedges under FASB Accounting Standards Codification, or Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, or that our hedging activities will have the desired beneficial impact on our results of operations. Furthermore, should we desire to terminate a hedging agreement, there could be significant costs and cash requirements involved to fulfill our obligation under the hedging agreement. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on us.
Our existing floating rate debt instruments, including our credit facility, and our hedging arrangements currently use as a reference rate the London Interbank Overnight Rate ("LIBOR"), as calculated for U.S. dollar ("USD-LIBOR"), and we expect a transition from LIBOR to another reference rate in the near term. In July 2017, due to a decline in the quantity of loans used to calculate LIBOR, the United Kingdom regulator that regulates LIBOR announced that it intends to stop compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021, and LIBOR is expected to be phased out accordingly. In April 2018, the New York Federal Reserve commenced publishing an alternative reference rate for the U.S. dollar, the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR"), proposed by a group of major market participants convened by the U.S. Federal Reserve with participation by SEC Staff and other regulators, the Alternative Reference Rates Committee ("ARRC"). SOFR has been published since April 2019. SOFR is based on transactions in the more robust U.S. Treasury repurchase market and has been proposed as the alternative to USD-LIBOR for use in derivatives and other financial contracts that currently rely on USD-LIBOR as a reference rate. ARRC has proposed a paced market transition plan to SOFR from LIBOR, and organizations are currently working on industry-wide and company-specific transition plans related to derivatives and cash markets exposed to LIBOR, but there remains uncertainty in the timing and details of this transition. The transition from USD-LIBOR to SOFR or any other replacement rate adopted is likely to cause uncertainty due to a mismatch in the USD-LIBOR maturities and the terms of SOFR. Additionally, there is some possibility that LIBOR continues to be published, but that the quantity of loans used to calculate LIBOR diminishes significantly enough to reduce the appropriateness of the rate as a reference rate. If a published USD-LIBOR is unavailable after 2021, the interest rates for our debt instruments that are indexed to USD-LIBOR will be determined using various alternative methods, any of which may result in interest obligations that are more than or do not otherwise correlate over time with the payments that would have been made on such debt if USD-LIBOR remained available.
We can provide no assurance regarding the future of LIBOR and when our current debt instruments and hedging arrangements will transition from USD-LIBOR as a reference rate to SOFR or another replacement reference rate. Confusion related to the transition from USD-LIBOR to SOFR or another replacement reference rate for our debt and hedging instruments could have an uncertain economic effect on these instruments and could also hinder our ability to establish effective hedges and result in a different economic value over time for these instruments than they otherwise would have had under USD-LIBOR.
We may acquire properties or portfolios of properties through tax deferred contribution transactions, which could result in shareholder dilution and limit our ability to sell or refinance such assets.
In the future, we may acquire properties or portfolios of properties through tax deferred contribution transactions in exchange for partnership interests in our operating partnership, which may result in shareholder dilution through the issuance of OP Units that may be exchanged for common shares. This acquisition structure may have the effect of, among other things, reducing the amount of tax depreciation we could deduct (as compared to a transaction where we do not inherit the contributor’s tax basis but acquire tax basis equal to the value of the consideration exchanged for the property) until the OP units issued in such transactions are redeemed for cash or converted into common shares. While no such protection arrangements existed at December 31, 2019, in the future we may agree to protect the contributors’ ability to defer recognition of taxable gain through restrictions on our ability to dispose of, or refinance the debt on, the acquired properties for specified periods of time. Similarly, we may be required to incur or maintain debt we would otherwise not incur or maintain so that we can allocate the debt to the contributors to maintain their tax bases. These restrictions could limit our ability to sell an asset at a time, or on terms, that would be favorable absent such restrictions.
Risks Related to the Real Estate Industry
 
Real estate investments’ value and income fluctuate due to various factors.
 
The value of real estate fluctuates depending on conditions in the general economy and the real estate business. These conditions may also adversely impact our revenues and cash flows.
 
The factors that affect the value of our real estate include, among other things:
 
global, national, regional and local economic conditions; 

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competition from other available space;
local conditions such as an oversupply of space or a reduction in demand for real estate in the area;
how well we manage our assets;
the development and/or redevelopment of our assets;
changes in market rental rates;
 the timing and costs associated with property improvements and rentals;
whether we can pass all or portions of any increases in operating costs through to tenants; 
 changes in real estate taxes and other expenses;
 whether tenants and users consider a property attractive;
the financial condition of our tenants, including the extent of tenant bankruptcies or defaults;
 availability of financing on acceptable terms or at all;  
inflation or deflation;
fluctuations in interest rates; 
our ability to obtain adequate insurance; 
changes in zoning laws and taxation; 
government regulation; 
consequences of any armed conflict involving, or terrorist attack against, the United States or individual acts of violence in public spaces;
potential liability under environmental or other laws or regulations; 
natural disasters;
general competitive factors; and 
climate change.
 
The rents or sales proceeds we receive and the occupancy levels at our assets may decline as a result of adverse changes in any of these factors. If rental revenues, sales proceeds and/or occupancy levels decline, we generally would expect to have less cash available to pay indebtedness and for distribution to shareholders. In addition, some of our major expenses, including mortgage payments, real estate taxes and maintenance costs generally do not decline when the related rents decline.
 
It may be difficult to buy and sell real estate quickly, which may limit our flexibility.
 
Real estate investments are relatively difficult to buy and sell quickly. Consequently, we may have limited ability to vary our portfolio promptly in response to changes in economic or other conditions. Moreover, our ability to buy, sell, or finance real estate assets may be adversely affected during periods of uncertainty or unfavorable conditions in the credit markets as we, or potential buyers of our assets, may experience difficulty in obtaining financing.

Our property taxes could increase due to property tax rate changes or reassessment, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
Even if we qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we will be required to pay certain state and local taxes on our properties. The real property taxes on our properties may increase as property tax rates change or as our properties are assessed or reassessed by taxing authorities. Therefore, the amount of property taxes we pay in the future may increase substantially from what we have paid in the past and such increases may not be covered by tenants pursuant to our lease agreements. An increase in the property taxes we pay could have a material adverse effect on us.
We may incur significant costs to comply with environmental laws, and environmental contamination may impair our ability to lease and/or sell real estate.
 
Our operations and assets are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations concerning the protection of the environment including air and water quality, hazardous or toxic substances and health and safety. Under some environmental laws, a current or previous owner or operator of real estate may be required to investigate and clean up hazardous or toxic substances released at a property. The owner or operator may also be held liable to a governmental entity or to third parties for property damage or personal injuries and for investigation and clean-up costs incurred by those parties because of the contamination. These laws often impose liability without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of the release of the substances or caused such release.

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The presence of contamination or the failure to remediate contamination may (1) expose us to third-party liability (e.g., for cleanup costs, natural resource damages, bodily injury or property damage), (2) subject our properties to liens in favor of the government for damages and costs the government incurs in connection with the contamination, (3) result in restrictions on the manner in which a property may be used or businesses may be operated, or (4) impair our ability to sell or lease real estate or to borrow using the real estate as collateral. To the extent we send contaminated materials to other locations for treatment or disposal, we may be liable for cleanup of those sites if they become contaminated.

Other laws and regulations govern indoor and outdoor air quality including those that can require the abatement or removal of asbestos-containing materials in the event of damage, demolition, renovation or remodeling, and also govern emissions of and exposure to asbestos fibers in the air. The maintenance and removal of lead paint and certain electrical equipment containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are also regulated by federal and state laws. We are also subject to risks associated with human exposure to chemical or biological contaminants such as molds, pollens, viruses and bacteria which, above certain levels, can be alleged to be connected to allergic or other health effects and symptoms in susceptible individuals. Our predecessor companies may be subject to similar liabilities for activities of those companies in the past. We could incur fines for environmental noncompliance and be held liable for the costs of remedial action with respect to the foregoing regulated substances or related claims arising out of environmental contamination or human exposure at or from our assets.
 
Most of our assets have been subjected to varying degrees of environmental assessment at various times. To date, these environmental assessments have not revealed any environmental condition material to our business. However, identification of new compliance concerns or undiscovered areas of contamination, changes in the extent or known scope of contamination, human exposure to contamination or changes in cleanup or compliance requirements could result in significant costs to us.
 
In addition, we may become subject to costs or taxes, or increases therein, associated with natural resource or energy usage (such as a "carbon tax"). These costs or taxes could increase our operating costs and decrease the cash available to pay our obligations or distribute to equity holders.

If we default on or fail to renew at expiration the ground leases for land on which some of our assets are located or other long-term leases, our results of operations could be adversely affected.
We own leasehold interests in certain land on which some of our assets are located. If we default under the terms of any of these ground leases, we may be liable for damages and could lose our leasehold interest in the property or our option to purchase the underlying fee interest in such assets. In addition, unless we purchase the underlying fee interests in the land on which a particular property is located, we will lose our right to operate the property or we will continue to operate it at much lower profitability, which would significantly adversely affect our results of operations. In addition, if we are perceived to have breached the terms of a ground lease, the fee owner may initiate proceedings to terminate the lease. As of December 31, 2019, the remaining weighted average term of our ground leases, including unilateral as-of-right extension rights available to us, was approximately 50.6 years. Our share of annualized rent from assets subject to ground leases as of December 31, 2019 was approximately $66.1 million, or 12.3% of total annualized rent.

Our assets may be subject to impairment charges, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
 We evaluate our long-lived assets, primarily real estate held for investment, for impairment periodically or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts may not be recoverable. In evaluating and/or measuring impairment, the Company considers, among other things, current and estimated future cash flows associated with each property, market information for each sub-market and other quantitative and qualitative factors. Another key consideration in this assessment is the Company's assumptions about the highest and best use of its real estate investments and its intent and ability to hold them for a reasonable period that would allow for the recovery of their carrying values. These key assumptions are subjective in nature and could differ materially from actual results if the property was disposed. Changes in our strategy or changes in the marketplace may alter the anticipated hold period of an asset or asset group, which may result in an impairment loss, and such loss could be material to our financial condition or operating performance. If, after giving effect to such changes, we conclude that the carrying values of such assets or asset groups are no longer recoverable, we may recognize impairments in future periods equal to the excess of the carrying values over the estimated fair value.

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Climate change may adversely affect our business.
Climate change, including rising sea levels, flooding, extreme weather, and changes in precipitation and temperature, may result in physical damage to, a decrease in demand for and/or a decrease in rent from and value of our properties located in the areas affected by these conditions. We own several assets in low-lying areas close to sea level, making those assets susceptible to a rise in sea level. If sea levels were to rise, we may incur material costs to protect our low-lying assets or sustain damage, a decrease in value or total loss to those assets. Furthermore, our insurance premiums may increase as a result of the threat of climate change or the effects of climate change may not be covered by our insurance policies. We do not currently have any assets located within a FEMA Special Flood Hazard Area in our portfolio.

In addition, changes in federal and state legislation and regulations on climate change could result in increased utility expenses and/or increased capital expenditures to improve the energy efficiency of our existing properties or other related aspects of our properties in order to comply with such regulations or otherwise adapt to climate change. The four major jurisdictions where we operate are the District of Columbia, Arlington County, VA, Fairfax County, VA, and Montgomery County, MD, each of whom have made formal public commitments to carbon reduction aligned with the Paris Agreement's goal to keep global warming under 2 degrees Celsius. To enforce this commitment, in December 2018, the Washington, D.C. City Council passed the D.C. Clean Energy Omnibus bill. The bill requires that all electricity purchased in the District be renewable by 2032, as well as sets a building energy performance standard (BEPS) with minimum energy efficiency standards no lower than the median performance level for each building type. Under BEPS, all existing buildings over 50,000 square feet will be required to reach minimum levels of energy efficiency or deliver savings by 2026, with progressively smaller buildings phasing into compliance over the following years. This regulation may require unplanned capital improvements, and increased engagement to manage occupant energy use, which is a large driver of building performance. Properties that cannot meet performance standards within our investment thresholds risk fines for non-compliance, as well as a decrease in demand and a decline in value.

Any of the above could have a material and adverse effect on us.

Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure
 
Tax consequences to holders of JBG SMITH LP limited partnership units upon a sale of certain of our assets may cause the interests of our senior management to differ from your own.
 
Some holders of JBG SMITH LP limited partnership units, including members of our senior management, may suffer different and more adverse tax consequences than holders of our common shares upon the sale of certain of the assets owned by our operating partnership, and therefore these holders may have different objectives regarding the appropriate pricing, timing and other material terms of any sale or refinancing of certain assets, or whether to sell such assets at all.
 
Our declaration of trust and bylaws, the partnership agreement of our operating partnership and Maryland law contain provisions that may delay, defer or prevent a change of control transaction that might involve a premium price for our common shares or that our shareholders otherwise believe to be in their best interest.
 
Our declaration of trust contains ownership limits with respect to our shares.
 
Generally, to maintain our qualification as a REIT, no more than 50% in value of our outstanding shares of beneficial interest may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals at any time during the last half of our taxable year. The Code defines "individuals" for purposes of the requirement described in the preceding sentence to include some types of entities. Our declaration of trust authorizes our Board of Trustees to take such actions as it determines are necessary or advisable to preserve our qualification as a REIT. Our declaration of trust prohibits, among other things, the actual, beneficial or constructive ownership by any person of more than 7.5% in value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of the outstanding shares of any class or series. For these purposes, our declaration of trust includes a "group" as that term is used for purposes of Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act in the definition of "person." Our Board of Trustees may exempt a person, prospectively or retroactively, from these ownership limits if certain conditions are satisfied.
  
This ownership limit and the other restrictions on ownership and transfer of our shares contained in our declaration of trust may:
 
discourage a tender offer or other transactions or a change in management or of control that might involve a premium price for our common shares or that our shareholders might otherwise believe to be in their best interest; or
result in the transfer of shares acquired in excess of the restrictions to a trust for the benefit of a charitable beneficiary and, as a result, the forfeiture by the acquirer of the benefits of owning the additional shares.

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Provisions of Maryland law could inhibit changes in control, which may discourage third parties from conducting a tender offer or seeking other change of control transactions that might involve a premium price for our common shares or that our shareholders might otherwise believe to be in their best interest.
 
Provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law, or "MGCL", may have the effect of inhibiting a third party from making a proposal to acquire us or of impeding a change of control under circumstances that otherwise could provide the holders of common shares with the opportunity to realize a premium over the then-prevailing market price of such shares, including:
 
"business combination" provisions that, subject to limitations, prohibit business combinations between us and an "interested shareholder" (defined generally as any person who beneficially owns 10% or more of the voting power of our shares or an affiliate thereof or an affiliate or associate of ours who was the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of 10% or more of the voting power of our then-outstanding voting shares at any time within the two-year period immediately prior to the date in question) for five years after the most recent date on which the shareholder becomes an interested shareholder, and thereafter impose fair price and/or supermajority shareholder voting requirements on these combinations; and
"control share" provisions that provide that a shareholder’s "control shares" of our company (defined as shares that, when aggregated with other shares controlled by the shareholder, entitle the shareholder to exercise one of three increasing ranges of voting power in electing trustees) acquired in a "control share acquisition" (defined as the direct or indirect acquisition of ownership or control of issued and outstanding "control shares") have no voting rights with respect to their control shares, except to the extent approved by our shareholders by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, excluding all interested shares.
 
As permitted by the MGCL, we have elected in our bylaws to opt out of the business combination and control share provisions of the MGCL. However, we cannot assure you that our Board of Trustees will not opt to be subject to such provisions of the MGCL in the future, including opting to be subject to such provisions retroactively.
 
The limited partnership agreement of our operating partnership requires the approval of the limited partners with respect to certain extraordinary transactions involving JBG SMITH, which may reduce the likelihood of such transactions being consummated, even if they are in the best interests of, and have been approved by, our shareholders.
 
The limited partnership agreement of JBG SMITH LP provides that we may not engage in a merger, consolidation or other combination with or into another person, a sale of all or substantially all of our assets, or a reclassification, recapitalization or a change in outstanding shares (except for changes in par value, or from par value to no par value, or as a result of a subdivision or combination of our common shares), which we refer to collectively as an extraordinary transaction, unless specified criteria are met. In particular, with respect to any extraordinary transaction, if partners will receive consideration for their limited partnership units and if we seek the approval of our shareholders for the transaction (or if we would have been required to obtain shareholder approval of any such extraordinary transaction but for the fact that a tender offer shall have been accepted with respect to a sufficient number of our common shares to permit consummation of such extraordinary transaction without shareholder approval), then the limited partnership agreement prohibits us from engaging in the extraordinary transaction unless we also obtain "partnership approval." To obtain "partnership approval," we must obtain the consent of our limited partners (including us and any limited partners majority owned, directly or indirectly, by us) representing a percentage interest in JBG SMITH LP that is equal to or greater than the percentage of our outstanding common shares required (or that would have been required in the absence of a tender offer) to approve the extraordinary transaction, provided that we and any limited partners majority owned, directly or indirectly, by us will be deemed to have provided consent for our partnership units solely in proportion to the percentage of our common shares approving the extraordinary transaction (or, if there is no shareholder vote with respect to such extraordinary transaction because a tender offer shall have been accepted with respect to a sufficient number of our common shares to permit consummation of the extraordinary transaction without shareholder approval, the percentage of our common shares with respect to which such tender offer shall have been accepted).
 
The limited partners of JBG SMITH LP may have interests in an extraordinary transaction that differ from those of common shareholders, and there can be no assurance that, if we are required to seek "partnership approval" for such a transaction, we will be able to obtain it. As a result, if a sufficient number of limited partners oppose such an extraordinary transaction, the limited partnership agreement may prohibit us from consummating it, even if it is in the best interests of, and has been approved by, our shareholders.
 

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We may issue additional shares in a manner that could adversely affect the likelihood of takeover transactions.
 
Our declaration of trust authorizes the Board of Trustees, without shareholder approval, to:
 
cause us to issue additional authorized but unissued common or preferred shares;
classify or reclassify, in one or more classes or series, any unissued common or preferred shares;
set the preferences, rights and other terms of any classified or reclassified shares that we issue; and
amend our declaration of trust to increase the number of shares of beneficial interest that we may issue.
 
The Board of Trustees could establish a class or series of common or preferred shares whose terms could delay, deter or prevent a change in control or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of our shareholders, although the Board of Trustees does not now intend to establish a class or series of common or preferred shares of this kind. Our declaration of trust and bylaws contain other provisions that may delay, deter or prevent a change in control or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of our shareholders.
 
Substantially all our assets are owned by subsidiaries. We depend on dividends and distributions from these subsidiaries. The creditors of these subsidiaries are entitled to amounts payable to them by the subsidiaries before the subsidiaries may pay any dividends or other distributions to us.
 
Substantially all of our assets are held through JBG SMITH LP which holds substantially all of its assets through wholly owned subsidiaries. JBG SMITH LP’s cash flow is dependent on cash distributions to it by its subsidiaries, and in turn, substantially all of our cash flow is dependent on cash distributions to us by JBG SMITH LP. The creditors of each of our subsidiaries are entitled to payment of that subsidiary’s obligations to them when due and payable before distributions may be made by that subsidiary to its equity holders. In addition, the operating agreements governing some of our subsidiaries which are parties to real estate joint ventures may have restrictions on distributions which could limit the ability of those subsidiaries to make distributions to JBG SMITH LP. Thus, JBG SMITH LP’s ability to make distributions to holders of its units, including us, depends on its subsidiaries’ ability first to satisfy their obligations to their creditors, and then to make distributions to JBG SMITH LP. Likewise, our ability to pay dividends to our shareholders depends on JBG SMITH LP’s ability first to satisfy its obligations, if any, to its creditors and make distributions payable to holders of preferred units (if any), and then to make distributions to us.
 
In addition, our participation in any distribution of the assets of any of our subsidiaries upon the liquidation, reorganization or insolvency of the subsidiary, occurs only after the claims of the creditors, including trade creditors, and preferred security holders, if any, of the applicable direct or indirect subsidiaries are satisfied.

Our rights and the rights of our shareholders to take action against our trustees and officers are limited.
As permitted by Maryland law, under our declaration of trust, trustees and officers shall not be liable to us and our shareholders for money damages, except for liability resulting from:
actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services; or
a final judgment based upon a finding of active and deliberate dishonesty by the trustee or officer that was material to the cause of action adjudicated.

In addition, our declaration of trust requires us to indemnify our trustees and officers for actions taken by them in those and certain other capacities to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law. The Maryland REIT law permits a REIT to indemnify and advance expenses to its trustees, officers, employees and agents to the same extent as permitted by the MGCL for directors and officers of a Maryland corporation. Generally, Maryland law permits a Maryland corporation to indemnify its present and former directors and officers except in instances where the person seeking indemnification acted in bad faith or with active and deliberate dishonesty, actually received an improper personal benefit in money, property or services or, in the case of a criminal proceeding, had reasonable cause to believe that his or her actions were unlawful. Under Maryland law, a Maryland corporation also may not indemnify a director or officer in a suit by or in the right of the corporation in which the director or officer was adjudged liable to the corporation or for a judgment of liability on the basis that a personal benefit was improperly received. A court may order indemnification if it determines that the director or officer is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnification, even though the director or officer did not meet the prescribed standard of conduct; however, indemnification for an adverse judgment in a suit by us or in our right, or for a judgment of liability on the basis that personal benefit was improperly received, is limited to expenses. As a result, we and our shareholders may have more limited rights against our trustees and officers than might otherwise exist. Accordingly, if actions taken in good faith by any of our trustees or officers impede the performance of our company, your ability to recover damages from such trustee or officer will be limited.  

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Risks Related to Our Status as a REIT
 
We may fail to qualify or remain qualified as a REIT and may be required to pay income taxes at corporate rates.
 
Although we believe that we are organized and intend to operate to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we may fail to remain so qualified. Qualification and taxation as a REIT are governed by highly technical and complex provisions of the Code for which there are only limited judicial or administrative interpretations and depend on various facts and circumstances that are not entirely within our control. In addition, legislation, new regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions may significantly change the relevant tax laws and/or the federal income tax consequences of qualifying as a REIT. If, with respect to any taxable year, we fail to maintain our qualification as a REIT and do not qualify under statutory relief provisions, we could not deduct distributions to shareholders in computing our taxable income and would have to pay federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate rates. If we had to pay federal income tax, the amount of money available to distribute to shareholders and pay our indebtedness would be reduced for the year or years involved, and we would not be required to make distributions to shareholders in that taxable year and in future years until we were able to qualify as a REIT. In addition, we would also be disqualified from treatment as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year during which qualification was lost, unless we were entitled to relief under the relevant statutory provisions.
 
REIT distribution requirements could adversely affect our liquidity and our ability to execute our business plan.
 
For us to qualify to be taxed as a REIT, and assuming that certain other requirements are also satisfied, we generally must distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding any net capital gains, to our shareholders each year, so that U.S. federal corporate income tax does not apply to earnings that we distribute. To the extent that we satisfy this distribution requirement and qualify for taxation as a REIT, but distribute less than 100% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and including any net capital gains, we will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on our undistributed net taxable income. In addition, we will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax if the actual amount that we distribute to our shareholders in a calendar year is less than a minimum amount specified under U.S. federal income tax laws. We intend to distribute 100% of our REIT taxable income to our shareholders out of assets legally available therefor.
 
From time to time, we may generate taxable income greater than our cash flow as a result of differences in timing between the recognition of taxable income and the actual receipt of cash or the effect of nondeductible capital expenditures, the creation of reserves, or required debt or amortization payments. Further, under the Code, income must be accrued for U.S. federal income tax purposes no later than when such income is taken into account as revenue in our financial statements, subject to certain exceptions, which could also create mismatches between REIT taxable income and the receipt of cash attributable to such income. If we do not have other funds available in these situations, we could be required to borrow funds on unfavorable terms, sell assets at disadvantageous prices, distribute amounts that would otherwise be invested in future acquisitions, capital expenditures or repayment of debt, or make taxable distributions of our shares or debt securities to make distributions sufficient to enable us to pay out enough of our taxable income to satisfy the REIT distribution requirement and avoid corporate income tax and the 4% excise tax in a particular year. These alternatives could increase our costs or reduce our equity. Further, amounts distributed will not be available to fund investment activities. Thus, compliance with the REIT requirements may hinder our ability to grow, which could adversely affect the value of our shares. Any restrictions on our ability to incur additional indebtedness or make certain distributions could preclude us from meeting the 90% distribution requirement. Decreases in funds from operations due to unfinanced expenditures for acquisitions of assets or increases in the number of shares outstanding without commensurate increases in funds from operations would each adversely affect our ability to maintain our current level of distributions to our shareholders. Consequently, there can be no assurance that we will be able to make distributions at the anticipated distribution rate or any other rate.

Dividends payable by REITs do not qualify for the reduced tax rates available for some dividends, which could depress the market price of our common shares if perceived as a less attractive investment.
The maximum tax rate applicable to income from "qualified dividends" payable by non‑REIT corporations to U.S. shareholders that are individuals, trusts or estates is 20%, and a 3.8% Medicare tax may also apply. Dividends payable by REITs, however, generally are not eligible for this reduced rate. Commencing with taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2018 and continuing through 2025, the effective tax rate on ordinary REIT dividends (i.e., dividends other than capital gain dividends and dividends attributable to certain qualified dividend income received by us) is reduced for U.S. holders of our common shares that are individuals, trusts or estates as a result of the ability of such holders to claim a deduction in determining their taxable income equal to 20% of any such dividends they receive (but limited to the excess of a holder’s taxable income over net capital gain). This results in a maximum effective rate of federal income tax (exclusive of the 3.8% Medicare tax) on ordinary REIT dividends of 29.6% through 2025, as compared to the 20% maximum federal income tax rate applicable to qualified dividend income received from

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a non-REIT corporation (although the maximum effective rate applicable to such dividends, after taking into account the 21% federal income tax applicable to non-REIT corporations, is 36.8%). Although these rules do not adversely affect the taxation of REITs or dividends payable by REITs, investors who are individuals, trusts or estates may perceive investments in REITs to be relatively less attractive than investments in the shares of non‑REIT corporations that pay dividends, which could adversely affect the value of the shares of REITs, including the per share trading price of our common shares.

The tax imposed on REITs engaging in "prohibited transactions" may limit our ability to engage in transactions that would be treated as sales for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
A REIT’s net income from prohibited transactions is subject to a 100% penalty tax. In general, prohibited transactions are sales or other dispositions of property, other than foreclosure property, held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. Although we and our subsidiary REITs believe that we have held, and intend to continue to hold, our properties for investment and do not intend to hold any properties that could be characterized as held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of our business unless a sale or disposition qualifies under a statutory safe harbor applicable to REITs, such characterization is a factual determination and no guarantee can be given that the IRS would agree with our characterization of our properties or that we will always be able to make use of the available safe harbor. In the case of some of our properties held through partnerships with third parties, our ability to dispose of such properties in a manner that satisfies the statutory safe harbor depends in part on the action of third parties over which we have no control or only limited influence.
If our operating partnership failed to qualify as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we would cease to qualify as a REIT and suffer other adverse consequences.
We believe that our operating partnership will be treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As a partnership, our operating partnership will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on its income. Instead, each of its partners, including us, will be allocated, and may be required to pay tax with respect to, its share of our operating partnership’s income. We cannot assure you, however, that the IRS will not challenge the status of our operating partnership or that a court would not sustain such a challenge. If the IRS were successful in treating our operating partnership as an entity taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we would fail to meet the gross income tests and certain of the asset tests applicable to REITs and, accordingly, we would cease to qualify as a REIT. Also, the failure of our operating partnership or any subsidiary partnership to qualify as a partnership could cause the entity to become subject to U.S. federal, state or local corporate income tax, which would reduce significantly the amount of cash available for debt service and for distribution to us.
Complying with REIT requirements may limit our ability to hedge effectively and may cause us to incur tax liabilities.
The REIT provisions of the Code may limit our ability to hedge our assets and operations. Under these provisions, income that we generate from transactions intended to hedge our interest rate and certain types of foreign currency risk generally will be excluded from gross income for purposes of the 75% and 95% gross income tests applicable to REITs if the instrument hedges interest rate or foreign currency risk on liabilities used to carry or acquire real estate assets or certain other types of foreign currency risk, and such instrument is properly identified. Income from certain hedges entered into in connection with the termination of a hedging transaction described in the preceding sentence, where the property or indebtedness that was the subject of the prior hedging transaction was extinguished or disposed of, will also be excluded from gross income for purposes of the 75% and 95% gross income tests. Income from hedging transactions that do not meet these requirements will generally constitute non‑qualifying income for purposes of both the 75% and 95% gross income tests. As a result of these rules, we may have to limit our use of hedging techniques that might otherwise be advantageous or implement those hedges through a TRS. This could increase the cost of our hedging activities, because our TRS would be subject to tax on gains, or could expose us to greater risks associated with changes in interest rates than we would otherwise want to bear. In addition, losses in our TRS will generally not provide any tax benefit, except to the extent they can be carried forward and used to offset future taxable income in the TRS.
Our ability to own a significant interest in TRSs will be limited, and we will be required to pay a 100% penalty tax on certain income or deductions if our transactions with our TRSs are not conducted on arm’s length terms.

We own interests in TRSs and may establish additional TRSs in the future. A TRS is a corporation other than a REIT in which a REIT directly or indirectly holds stock, and that has made a joint election with such REIT to be treated as a TRS. If a TRS owns more than 35% percent of the total voting power or value of the outstanding securities of another corporation, such other corporation will also be treated as a TRS. Other than some activities relating to lodging and health care facilities, a TRS may generally engage in any business, including the provision of customary or non-customary services to tenants of its parent REIT. A TRS is subject to U.S. federal, state and local income tax as a regular C corporation, and its after-tax net income is available for distribution to the parent REIT but is not required to be distributed. Our domestic TRSs are subject to U.S. federal income tax on their taxable income at a maximum rate of 21% (as well as applicable state and local income tax), but net operating loss, or NOL, carryforwards

31




of TRS losses arising in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2018 may be deducted only to the extent of 80% of TRS taxable income in the carryforward year (computed without regard to the NOL deduction). In addition, a 100% excise tax will be imposed on certain transactions between a TRS and its parent REIT that are not conducted on an arm’s length basis.
A REIT’s ownership of securities of a TRS is not subject to the 5% or 10% asset tests applicable to REITs. Not more than 25% of our total assets may be represented by securities (including securities of one or more TRSs), other than those securities includable in the 75% asset test, and not more than 20% of our total assets may be represented by securities of one or more TRSs. We anticipate that the aggregate value of the stock and securities of our TRSs and other nonqualifying assets will be less than 20% of the value of our total assets, and we will monitor the value of these investments to ensure compliance with applicable ownership limitations. In addition, we intend to structure our transactions with our TRSs to ensure that they are entered on arm’s length terms to avoid incurring the 100% excise tax described above. There can be no assurance, however, that we will be able to comply with the TRS asset limitation or to avoid application of the 100% excise tax discussed above.
Our ability to provide certain services to our tenants may be limited by the REIT provisions of the Code, or we may have to provide such services through a TRS.
As a REIT, we generally cannot provide services to our tenants other than those that are customarily provided by landlords, and we cannot derive income from a third party that provides such services. If we forego providing such services to our tenants, we may be at a disadvantage to competitors who are not subject to the same restrictions. However, we can provide such non‑customary services to tenants and share in the revenue from such services if we do so through a TRS, though income earned through the TRS will be subject to corporate income taxes.
We face possible adverse changes in tax laws, which may result in an increase in our tax liability and adverse consequences to our shareholders.
 
At any time, the U.S. federal income tax laws governing REITs or the administrative interpretations of those laws may be amended. We cannot predict when or if any new U.S. federal income tax law, regulation, or administrative interpretation, or any amendment to any existing U.S. federal income tax law, regulation or administrative interpretation will be adopted, promulgated or become effective and any such law, regulation, or interpretation may take effect retroactively. Any such change in, or any new, U.S. federal income tax law, regulation or administrative interpretation, could have a material adverse effect on us.

In particular, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which generally took effect for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2018 (subject to certain exceptions), made many significant changes to the U.S. federal income tax laws. A number of changes that affect noncorporate taxpayers will expire at the end of 2025 unless Congress acts to extend them. However, there can be no assurance that such changes will be extended. 
 
Additionally, the rules of Section 355 of the Code and the Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder, which apply to determine the taxability of the Formation Transaction, have been the subject of change and may continue to be the subject of change, possibly with retroactive application, which could have a negative effect on us and our shareholders. If such changes occur, we may be required to pay additional taxes on our assets or income. These increased tax costs could have a material adverse effect on us.

Other legislative proposals could be enacted in the future that could affect REITs and their shareholders. Prospective investors are urged to consult their tax advisors regarding potential tax law changes on an investment in our common shares.
 
Risks Related to Our Common Shares
 
We cannot guarantee the timing, amount, or payment of dividends on our common shares.
 
Although we expect to pay regular cash dividends, the timing, declaration, amount and payment of future dividends to shareholders will fall within the discretion of our Board of Trustees. Our Board of Trustees’ decisions regarding the payment of dividends will depend on many factors, such as our financial condition, earnings, capital requirements, debt service obligations, limitations under our financing arrangements, industry practice, legal requirements, regulatory constraints, and other factors that it deems relevant. Our ability to pay dividends will depend on our ongoing ability to generate cash from operations and access the capital markets. We cannot guarantee that we will pay a dividend in the future.
 

32




Future offerings of debt or equity securities, which would be senior to our common shares upon liquidation, and/or preferred equity securities, which may be senior to our common shares for purposes of dividend distributions or upon liquidation, may adversely affect the per share trading price of our common shares.
In the future, we may attempt to increase our capital resources by offering debt or equity securities (or causing our operating partnership to issue debt securities), including medium-term notes, senior or subordinated notes and classes or series of preferred shares. Upon liquidation, holders of our debt securities and preferred shares and lenders with respect to other borrowings will be entitled to receive our available assets prior to distribution to the holders of our common shares. Additionally, any convertible or exchangeable securities that we issue in the future may have rights, preferences and privileges more favorable than those of our common shares and may result in dilution to owners of our common shares. Holders of our common shares are not entitled to preemptive rights or other protections against dilution. Our preferred shares, if issued, could have a preference on liquidating distributions or a preference on dividend payments that could limit our ability to pay dividends to the holders of our common shares. Because our decision to issue securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings.
Your percentage of ownership in our company may be diluted in the future.
 
Your percentage of ownership in us may be diluted because of equity issuances for acquisitions, capital market transactions or otherwise. We also have granted and anticipate continuing to grant compensatory equity awards to our trustees, officers, employees, advisors and consultants who provide services to us. Such awards have a dilutive effect on our earnings per share, which could adversely affect the market price of our common shares.
 
In addition, our declaration of trust authorizes us to issue, without the approval of our shareholders, one or more classes or series of preferred shares having such designation, voting powers, preferences, rights and other terms, including preferences over our common shares with respect to dividends and distributions, as our Board of Trustees generally may determine. The terms of one or more classes or series of preferred shares could dilute the voting power or reduce the value of our common shares. For example, we could grant the holders of preferred shares the right to elect some number of our trustees in all events or on the occurrence of specified events, or the right to veto specified transactions. Similarly, the repurchase or redemption rights or liquidation preferences we could assign to holders of preferred shares could affect the residual value of our common shares.
 
From time to time we may seek to make one or more material acquisitions. The announcement of such a material acquisition may result in a rapid and significant decline in the price of our common shares.
 
We are continuously looking at material transactions that we believe will maximize shareholder value. However, an announcement by us of one or more significant acquisitions could result in a quick and significant decline in the price of our common shares.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements contained herein constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance. They represent our intentions, plans, expectations and beliefs and are subject to numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties. Our future results, financial condition and business may differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements. You can find many of these statements by looking for words such as "approximates," "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "estimates," "intends," "plans," "would," "may" or other similar expressions in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

In particular, information included under "Business," "Risk Factors," and "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" contains forward-looking statements. Many of the factors that will determine the outcome of these and our other forward-looking statements are beyond our ability to control or predict. Such factors include, but are not limited to:

the economic health of the greater Washington Metro region and our geographic concentration therein, in particular our concentration in National Landing;
reductions in or actual or threatened changes to the timing of federal government spending;
changes in general political, economic and competitive conditions and specific market conditions;
the risks associated with real estate development and redevelopment, including unanticipated expenses, delays and other contingencies;
the risks associated with the acquisition, disposition and ownership of real estate in general and our real estate assets in particular;
the ability to control our operating expenses;

33




the risks related to co-investments in real estate ventures and partnerships;
the ability to renew leases, lease vacant space or re-let space as leases expire, and to do so on favorable terms;
the economic health of our tenants;
fluctuations in interest rates;
the supply of competing properties and competition in the real estate industry generally;
the availability and terms of financing and capital and the general volatility of securities markets;
the risks associated with mortgage debt and other indebtedness;
compliance with applicable laws, including those concerning the environment and access by persons with disabilities;
terrorist attacks and the occurrence of cyber incidents or system failures;
the ability to maintain key personnel;
failure to qualify and maintain our qualification as a REIT and the risks of changes in laws affecting REITs; and
other factors discussed under the caption "Risk Factors."

For a further discussion of factors that could materially affect the outcome of our forward-looking statements, see "Risk Factors" in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or the date of any document incorporated by reference. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. We do not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to our forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

There are no unresolved comments from the staff of the SEC as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES
Note on presentation of "at share" information. We present certain financial information and metrics "at JBG SMITH Share," which refers to our ownership percentage of consolidated and unconsolidated assets in real estate ventures. Financial information "at JBG SMITH Share" is calculated on an entity-by-entity basis. "At JBG SMITH Share" information, which we also refer to as being "at share," "our pro rata share" or "our share," is not, and is not intended to be, a presentation in accordance with GAAP. Because as of December 31, 2019, approximately 11.8% of our assets, as measured by total square feet, were held through real estate ventures in which we own less than 100% of the ownership interest, we believe this form of presentation, which includes our economic interests in the unconsolidated real estate ventures, provides investors important information regarding a significant component of our portfolio, its composition, performance and capitalization. We classify our portfolio as "operating," "under construction," "near-term development" or "future development." "Under construction" refers to assets that were under construction as of December 31, 2019. "Near-term development" refers to assets that have substantially completed the entitlement process and on which we intend to commence construction within 18 months following December 31, 2019, subject to market conditions. We had no near-term development assets as of December 31, 2019. "Future development" refers to assets that are development opportunities on which we do not intend to commence construction within 18 months of December 31, 2019 where we (i) own land or control the land through a ground lease or (ii) are under a long-term conditional contract to purchase or enter into a leasehold interest with respect to land.
The tables below provide information about each of our commercial, multifamily, near-term development and future development portfolios as of December 31, 2019. Many of our future development parcels are adjacent to or an integrated component of operating commercial or multifamily assets in our portfolio. A significant number of our assets included in the tables below are held through real estate ventures with third parties or are subject to ground leases. In addition to other information, the tables below indicate our percentage ownership, whether the assets are consolidated or unconsolidated and whether the asset is subject to a ground lease.


34




Commercial Assets
Commercial Assets
%
Ownership

C/U
(1)
Same Store (2):
YTD 2018-2019
Total
Square Feet
%
Leased
(3)
Office % Occupied
Retail % Occupied
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
D.C.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Universal Buildings
100.0
%
C
Y
659,809

97.4
%
97.1
%
99.6
%
2101 L Street
100.0
%
C
Y
378,696

84.8
%
84.1
%
92.6
%
1730 M Street (4)
100.0
%
C
Y
204,746

88.5
%
88.0
%
100.0
%
1700 M Street (5)
100.0
%
C
N
34,000




L’Enfant Plaza Office-East (4)
49.0
%
U
Y
397,057

89.5
%
89.5
%

L’Enfant Plaza Office-North
49.0
%
U
Y
298,445

96.8
%
97.6
%
85.9
%
L’Enfant Plaza Retail (4)
49.0
%
U
Y
119,291

73.5
%
100.0
%
69.2
%
The Foundry
9.9
%
U
Y
225,095

92.2
%
89.4
%
100.0
%
1101 17th Street
55.0
%
U
Y
211,781

84.4
%
84.0
%
82.7
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
VA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Courthouse Plaza 1 and 2 (4)
100.0
%
C
Y
628,988

85.2
%
83.8
%
100.0
%
2121 Crystal Drive
100.0
%
C
Y
505,349

84.3
%
84.3
%

2345 Crystal Drive
100.0
%
C
Y
503,178

85.7
%
83.6
%
10.1
%
2231 Crystal Drive
100.0
%
C
Y
468,262

85.6
%
83.1
%
100.0
%
1550 Crystal Drive
100.0
%
C
Y
449,364

89.5
%
89.5
%

RTC-West (6)
100.0
%
C
Y
432,509

94.5
%
94.5
%

RTC-West Retail
100.0
%
C
N
40,025

91.9
%

91.9
%
2011 Crystal Drive
100.0
%
C
Y
439,286

87.2
%
87.0
%
49.7
%
2451 Crystal Drive
100.0
%
C
Y
401,535

88.5
%
70.4
%
95.5
%
1235 S. Clark Street
100.0
%
C
Y
383,953

95.7
%
87.7
%
100.0
%
241 18th Street S.
100.0
%
C
Y
360,034

94.0
%
91.8
%
90.2
%
251 18th Street S.
100.0
%
C
Y
342,333

96.9
%
95.1
%
97.0
%
1215 S. Clark Street
100.0
%
C
Y
336,159

100.0
%
100.0
%
100.0
%
201 12th Street S.
100.0
%
C
Y
329,607

98.5
%
98.5
%
100.0
%
800 North Glebe Road
100.0
%
C
Y
303,644

98.5
%
100.0
%
82.3
%
2200 Crystal Drive
100.0
%
C
Y
283,608

82.8
%
76.2
%

1225 S. Clark Street
100.0
%
C
Y
277,145

96.9
%
53.5
%
100.0
%
1901 South Bell Street
100.0
%
C
Y
276,987

93.3
%
93.2
%
100.0
%
Crystal City Marriott (345 Rooms)
100.0
%
C
Y
266,000




2100 Crystal Drive
100.0
%
C
Y
249,281

100.0
%
97.4
%

1800 South Bell Street
100.0
%
C
N
215,828

100.0
%
100.0
%
100.0
%
200 12th Street S.
100.0
%
C
Y
202,708

90.5
%
90.5
%

2001 Richmond Highway (6)
100.0
%
C
N
77,584

100.0
%
100.0
%

Crystal City Shops at 2100
100.0
%
C
Y
59,574

88.2
%

88.2
%
Crystal Drive Retail
100.0
%
C
Y
56,965

87.9
%

85.1
%
Central Place Tower (4) (7)
50.0
%
U
N
552,437

93.0
%
92.6
%
100.0
%
Stonebridge at Potomac Town Center*
10.0
%
U
Y
503,613

95.8
%

95.4
%
Pickett Industrial Park
10.0
%
U
Y
246,145

100.0
%
100.0
%

Rosslyn Gateway-North
18.0
%
U
Y
144,157

87.6
%
86.8
%
96.0
%
Rosslyn Gateway-South
18.0
%
U
Y
102,194

86.9
%
90.6
%
40.4
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
MD
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7200 Wisconsin Avenue
100.0
%
C
Y
269,941

90.4
%
79.9
%
83.9
%
One Democracy Plaza* (4)
100.0
%
C
Y
212,894

96.9
%
96.9
%
100.0
%
4749 Bethesda Avenue Retail
100.0
%
C
Y
7,999

47.9
%

47.9
%
11333 Woodglen Drive
18.0
%
U
Y
62,650

97.6
%
97.2
%
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

35




Commercial Assets
%
Ownership

C/U
(1)
Same Store (2):
YTD 2018-2019
Total
Square Feet
%
Leased
(3)
Office % Occupied
Retail % Occupied
Total / Weighted Average
 
 
12,520,856

91.7
%
88.8
%
91.7
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recently Delivered
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
500 L'Enfant Plaza
49.0
%
U
N
215,213

85.7
%
79.2
%

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating - Total / Weighted Average
 
12,736,069

91.6
%
88.7
%
91.7
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Under Construction
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
D.C.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1900 N Street (4)
55.0
%
U
 
271,433

73.4
%
 
 
VA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1770 Crystal Drive
100.0
%
C
 
271,572

97.8
%
 
 
Central District Retail
100.0
%
C
 
108,825

75.2
%
 
 
MD
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4747 Bethesda Avenue (8)
100.0
%
C
 
291,414

87.7
%
 
 
Under Construction - Total / Weighted Average
 
943,244

85.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total / Weighted Average
 
13,679,313

91.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Totals at JBG SMITH Share
 
 
 
 
 
 
In service assets
 
 
 
10,602,754

91.5
%
88.3
%
91.2
%
Recently delivered assets
 
 
 
105,444

85.7
%
79.2
%

Operating assets
 
 
 
10,708,198

91.4
%
88.2
%
91.2
%
Under construction assets
 
 
 
821,099

86.8
%


_______________
Note: At 100% share, unless otherwise noted. Excludes our 10% subordinated interests in two commercial buildings held through a real estate venture in which we have no economic interest.
* Not Metro-served.

(1) 
"C" denotes a consolidated interest. "U" denotes an unconsolidated interest.
(2) 
"Y" denotes an asset as same store and "N" denotes an asset as non-same store. Same store refers to assets that were in service for the entirety of both periods being compared, except for assets for which significant redevelopment, renovation or repositioning occurred during either of the periods being compared.
(3) 
Represents percentage of total square feet subject to executed leases, including leases that have been executed but for which the tenants have not taken occupancy of the space.
(4) 
Asset is subject to a ground lease.
(5) 
This asset, a development site in Washington, D.C., was leased by us (as landlord) in 2018 for a 99-year term, with no extension options.
(6) 
The following assets contain space that is held for development or not otherwise available for lease. This out-of-service square footage is excluded from area, leased, and occupancy metrics in the above table.
    
Commercial Asset
 
In-Service
Not Available
for Lease
RTC - West
 
432,509

17,988

2001 Richmond Highway
 
77,584

82,254

(7) 
In December 2019, we sold a 50% interest in a real estate venture that owns Central Place Tower.
(8) 
Includes our corporate office lease for approximately 84,400 square feet.


36




Multifamily Assets
Multifamily Assets
%
Ownership

C/U
(1)
Same Store (2):
YTD 2018-2019
Number
of
Units
Total
Square
Feet
%
Leased
(3)
Multifamily
%
Occupied
Retail
%
Occupied
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
D.C.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fort Totten Square
100.0
%
C
Y
345

384,956

95.6
%
91.6
%
100.0
%
WestEnd25
100.0
%
C
Y
283

273,264

94.3
%
90.1
%

F1RST Residences (4)
100.0
%
C
N
325

270,928

92.0
%
91.7
%
91.8
%
1221 Van Street
100.0
%
C
N
291

225,530

95.1
%
92.1
%
100.0
%
North End Retail
100.0
%
C
Y

27,355

95.6
%
N/A

95.6
%
The Gale Eckington
5.0
%
U
Y
603

466,716

95.7
%
93.2
%
100.0
%
Atlantic Plumbing
64.0
%
U
Y
310

245,527

97.4
%
94.8
%
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
VA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RiverHouse Apartments
100.0
%
C
Y
1,676

1,327,551

95.0
%
93.4
%
100.0
%
The Bartlett
100.0
%
C
Y
699

619,372

94.7
%
93.8
%
100.0
%
220 20th Street
100.0
%
C
Y
265

271,476

96.2
%
93.2
%
100.0
%
2221 S. Clark Street
100.0
%
C
Y
216

164,743

100.0
%
100.0
%

Fairway Apartments*
10.0
%
U
Y
346

370,850

94.2
%
93.1
%

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
MD
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Falkland Chase-South & West
100.0
%
C
Y
268

222,797

95.5
%
94.4
%