EX-99.1 2 q121shareholderletter.htm EX-99.1 Document
Exhibit 99.1

May 13, 2021

Fellow shareholders,

Welcome to our first shareholder letter following our direct listing on Nasdaq on April 14, 2021. In this letter, we will discuss our quarterly financial performance, provide product updates, share insights on the rapidly evolving crypto landscape, and provide our financial outlook.

Our strong Q1 2021 results reflect the strength of the crypto price cycle we entered in Q4 2020. We saw many crypto assets reach all time high prices, high levels of volatility, and increased interest across the entire cryptoeconomy. Crypto market capitalization reached nearly $2 trillion at the end of Q1 2021 compared to $782 billion at the end of Q4 2020. By the end of Q1, the price of Bitcoin had nearly doubled to approximately $59,000 compared to the end of 2020, and the price of Ethereum more than doubled during this same period to approximately $1,900. This market environment drove strong engagement with the Coinbase platform, reflected in retail, institutional and ecosystem partner growth across all key metrics including our Verified Users, retail Monthly Transacting Users (MTUs), Trading Volume, and Assets on Platform.

At the same time, we continued to see our growth flywheel in action. First, more participants than ever entered the cryptoeconomy in Q1. We now have over 56 million Verified Users, including more than 8,000 institutions, and over 134,000 ecosystem partners on our platform. Retail MTUs grew to 6.1 million in Q1 2021, more than double compared to Q4 2020. Second, we expanded the breadth and depth of the assets that we support. We added support for 7 new assets to trade and 13 new assets to custody. Adding support for new assets is an important driver of growth of Trading Volume and Assets on Platform. Lastly, we continued to launch innovative products that attracted new customers and deepened relationships with existing ones. For example, in Q1 we acquired Bison Trails--now part of our Coinbase Cloud offering--that will allow companies to send and store crypto, accept crypto payments, and build their businesses with crypto-native infrastructure.

Despite our strong Q1 results, the rapid expansion of the cryptoeconomy also creates challenges for Coinbase. Competition is increasing as new market entrants join the cryptoeconomy every month. Our competitors are supporting certain crypto assets that are experiencing large trading volume and growth in market capitalization that we do not currently support, as well as offering new products and services that we do not offer. We welcome these challenges as they indicate that the market we serve is growing rapidly, but we also have to continue to move quickly to address them, and that inspires us towards action and growth.


Q1 2021 Key Metrics and Financial Summary1
Key Metrics2
We ended Q1 2021 with over 56 million Verified Users and 6.1 million retail MTUs. In addition to strong crypto market conditions, MTU growth was supported by our marketing efforts, including both performance marketing campaigns as well as several broader awareness initiatives. We plan to substantially increase our marketing investments throughout 2021 to drive awareness of Coinbase and our industry.


Trading Volume for the first quarter of 2021 was $335 billion, of which approximately $120 billion was retail and $215 billion was institutional. A significant portion of our Trading Volume was concentrated in Bitcoin and Ethereum at 39% and 21%, respectively. Compared to Q4 2020, Ethereum trading volume increased as a percentage of total Trading Volume, driven in part from an increase in institutional interest. Other factors that may have led to an increase in demand for Ethereum include strong interest in user desire to own our Ethereum 2.0 staking product, which launched in April 2021, and the growth in DeFi where Ethereum is one of the important underlying assets. Trading in other crypto assets comprised 40% of first quarter trading volume, reflecting broadening consumer and institutional adoption of a greater number of crypto assets. As of March 31, 2021, we supported 108 unique crypto assets on our platform for trading and custody, up from 90 at the end of 2020.

1 For a reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA, please refer to the reconciliation table in the section titled “Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA”, following the financial statements included at the end of this shareholder letter.
2 Definitions of Assets on Platform, MTUs, Trading Volume, and Verified Users are defined in our final prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, on April 14, 2021 with the SEC.


As of March 31, 2021, Assets on Platform totaled $223 billion, representing 11.3% of the total market capitalization of crypto assets. Of this total, $122 billion was institutional and $101 billion was retail. Assets on Platform increased substantially throughout Q1 2021, largely driven by a significant increase in crypto asset prices as discussed earlier.

While a significant portion of our Assets on Platform remains concentrated in Bitcoin and Ethereum, 62% and 14%, respectively, other crypto assets have increased as a percentage of Assets on Platform and were 21% at the end of the Q1 2021, compared to 13% at the end of 2020.

Financial Overview
Total revenue was $1.8 billion for the first quarter of 2021. Net revenue was $1.6 billion, of which $1.5 billion was transaction revenue and $56.4 million was subscription and services revenue.


Q1 retail transaction revenue was $1.5 billion and marked our first quarter above $1.0 billion. Strength in the quarter was driven by both higher MTUs and elevated trading volumes per MTU compared to prior periods as a result of strong crypto market conditions. In addition, retail transaction revenues benefited from the addition of seven new supported assets for trading throughout Q1. Weighted average retail transaction fee rates were lower in Q1’21 compared to full-year 2020 levels due to higher trading volumes among Coinbase Pro users

which provides a tiered fee structure. There were no changes to our transaction fee rates in Q1 and consumers continue to see value in the security, compliance, and ease-of-use that Coinbase offers.

Institutional transaction revenue was $85.4 million in Q1, driven by growth in the number of institutional trading customers as well as higher volume traded per institutional customer. Institutional transaction fee rates, on average, were lower in Q1 compared to full-year 2020 levels as a result of higher volume transactions that generate lower fees according to our tiered fee structure.

We are seeing increased participation in the broader cryptoeconomy among both new and existing retail users, institutions, and ecosystem partners. In Q1, we saw substantial growth in our Custodial fee, Earn campaign, and Staking revenues. Custodial fee revenues were driven by an increase in crypto asset prices and an inflow of new customers and assets in the quarter. Earn campaign revenues benefited from higher participation among Earn customers with multiple campaigns. Staking revenue growth was driven primarily by higher crypto asset prices, as well as an approximately $4 million contribution from our Bison Trails acquisition.

The investments we have made to support more crypto assets and expand a suite of products have enhanced the value proposition and power of our platform. As a result, we continue to see more retail users engage with multiple products. In Q1, 25% of MTUs both invested and also engaged with at least one non-investing product.

Operating Expenses
Total operating expenses in Q1 were $813 million. Transaction expenses were our largest expense category at $234 million, driven primarily by higher trading volume associated with a strong crypto market in Q1, an increase in the number of assets supported on Coinbase, as well as an increase in account verification fees and payment processing fees. Technology and development expenses of $184 million were primarily driven by increased product and engineering headcount. Sales and marketing expenses of $118 million were driven by performance marketing spend. General and administrative expenses were $121 million and were driven by both headcount and customer support related expenses.

We substantially grew our team in Q1, adding over 450 net new employees and ending the quarter with over 1,700 full-time employees.



Profitability and Cash
Q1 2021 net income was $771.5 million. Our fully diluted share count as of May 12, 2021 was 261.9 million3. In Q1, Adjusted EBITDA4 was $1.12 billion, representing a 70% margin relative to our net revenue. We ended Q1 2021 with $1.98 billion in cash and cash equivalents.

3 The fully diluted share count includes the shares of Common Stock outstanding and all outstanding stock options and restricted stock units but does not include shares of Common Stock reserved for future issuance under Coinbase’s equity compensation plans or its Pledge 1% commitment.
4 For a reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA, please refer to the reconciliation table in the section titled “Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA”, following the financial statements included at the end of this shareholder letter.

Our products are built to be safe, trusted, and easy to use for both retail and institutional users. For retail users, we aim to serve as their primary financial account in the cryptoeconomy to invest, store, spend, earn, and use crypto assets. For businesses, we offer a diverse and growing range of products, services, and APIs - whether they are institutions or ecosystem partners.

In Q1 2021, we focused heavily on improving the reliability and scalability of our products and ensuring that we meet the growing volume on our platform and the needs of our customers:
New Assets: We added 7 new assets to trade and 13 new assets available to custody on Coinbase in Q1 2021. In January, we launched Coinbase Asset Hub, a platform to help our ecosystem partners, specifically asset issuers, integrate their tokens with Coinbase to facilitate an expedited listing. To date, we have received several hundred applications. Adding breadth and depth of assets is an important part of our growth strategy to give users more opportunities to engage in the cryptoeconomy.
Reliability & Scalability: In Q1, we more than tripled the capacity of our infrastructure and grew our customer support team by nearly 250% compared to Q4 2020. Continuing to improve the experience customers have with our products is a critical investment priority.

We made significant progress across a range of initiatives to better serve our retail users in Q1:
Staking: We now have over one million customers earning yield by staking their assets with Coinbase across six different assets. In Q1, we announced our plan to offer 6% APR for staked ETH2, an upgraded version of Ethereum, the second highest market capitalization crypto asset.
Portfolio-Backed Line of Credit: We expanded our Bitcoin-collateralized loan product with increased loan limits (up to $100,000) and additional geographies. We are seeing rapid growth in originations.

Institutional Momentum: We have continued to win mandates from a diverse group of institutional customers, ranging from hedge funds and corporate treasuries to pension funds and insurance companies, via our secure and trusted range of trading and storage solutions. In addition to owning crypto assets in their treasuries, both public and private corporations are coming to us and expressing interest in commerce, payroll, and custom white label solutions. In Q1, we saw $215 billion in Trading Volume and $122 billion in Assets on Platform from over 8,000 institutional customers. Institutions are beginning to make meaningful capital allocations into Ethereum and other crypto assets in addition to Bitcoin. We have grown our sales and trading teams and scaled our 24/7 client support to better meet the needs of our institutional customers.

Earn: In Q1, we launched 3 new Earn campaigns and had a total of 9 campaigns by the end of Q1 2021. Earn campaigns are part of our Distribute product that allows users to earn free crypto assets from asset issuers in return for learning more about the benefits of their tokens.
Coinbase Cloud: In April, we launched our Coinbase Cloud offering, with Bison Trails serving as the foundation for this new suite of cloud-based crypto computing services. Coinbase Cloud is a new product line that allows companies to send and store crypto, accept crypto payments, and build their businesses with infrastructure for staking, delegating, and more. Learn more at https://www.coinbase.com/cloud.


Recent Events
Our mission is to increase economic freedom in the world. That’s why we are building the cryptoeconomy -- a more fair, accessible, efficient, and financial system enabled by crypto. It is important to us to see the broader ecosystem develop, which in turn drives increasing use and trust in crypto.

There have been a number of developments in the early part of 2021 that signal broader adoption of the cryptoeconomy, and Coinbase is playing a formative role in several of these developments:

Coinbase listed on Nasdaq: On April 14, 2021, Coinbase became the first significant crypto company to go public, listing its Class A common stock on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the ticker symbol “COIN.”
Continued momentum in crypto adoption: We’re seeing unprecedented levels of interest in the cryptoeconomy. A May 2021 survey by Mastercard and The Harris Poll reveals 40% of people around the world plan to use crypto assets in the next year, with 67% of millennials reporting interest in the technology. We are encouraged by this appetite as we welcome more people into the cryptoeconomy and expand access to the financial system around the world.
Coinbase acquires Bison Trails, now the foundation of Coinbase Cloud: On February 8, 2021, Coinbase completed the acquisition of Bison Trails. The acquisition will enable Bison Trails to accelerate its mission to provide easy-to-use blockchain infrastructure that strengthens the entire crypto ecosystem.
Stablecoins: We have seen increased interest in stablecoins globally. USDC market capitalization grew from $693 million at the end of Q1 2020 to $10.8 billion at the end of Q1 2021, becoming one of the world’s most trusted stablecoins. Coinbase also recently expanded to support Tether for users. Beyond Coinbase, we have seen other leading financial companies, including Visa and others, take steps to drive stablecoin adoption in emerging markets.
Crypto Council for Innovation (CCI) launch: In April 2021, Coinbase launched the CCI alongside Fidelity, Paradigm, and Square. CCI is a global alliance of crypto industry leaders with a mission to demonstrate the transformational promise of crypto and communicate its benefits to policymakers, regulators, and people around the world.
NFTs: Over the last quarter non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have taken the world by storm. We believe NFTs represent a unique opportunity for crypto to transform the relationship between creators and consumers. Today, most crypto products live only in a digital format. But NFTs may begin to mark a transition where real-world assets can be mapped onto a blockchain in meaningful ways. This allows creators to take control of the economics based on their brand power. We are excited to see the cryptoeconomy continue to grow beyond the trading of crypto assets.

As we have previously discussed, it is important for investors to remember that our business is inherently unpredictable. MTUs, Trading Volume, and therefore transaction revenue currently fluctuate, potentially materially, with Bitcoin price and crypto asset volatility. As a result, revenue is difficult to forecast. In the interest of transparency, our approach to sharing information relative to future performance will be consistent with how we operate the business. That includes assessing and planning for a wide range of potential outcomes.


Q2 2021
Quarter to date for Q2 2021 we have seen a continuance of the strong crypto price cycle with high prices of many crypto assets, high levels of volatility and high interest in crypto across retail and institutional users.

Coinbase quarter to date performance across our four key business metrics are trending to meet or exceed our Q1 results. For example, we expect total Trading Volume to meet or slightly exceed Q1 Trading Volume if our performance continues at the current pace. MTUs have grown since March 31, 2021 driven by continued strength in the crypto market and our increased investment in sales and marketing. Within Q2, Coinbase has spent over two weeks as a top 10 free app on iOS and Android. We expect our Q2 MTUs to be higher than Q1 levels.

Full Year 2021
We are updating full year 2021 MTU scenarios to reflect higher average annual MTU levels based on Q2 quarter to date trends.

2021 Annual Average MTU possible scenarios
High: Average 2021 MTUs of 9.0 million. This scenario assumes an increase in crypto market capitalization and moderate-to-high crypto asset price volatility. In this scenario, we expect that MTUs continue to grow for the remainder of 2021 relative to Q1 2021.
Mid: Average 2021 MTUs of 7.0 million. This scenario assumes flat crypto market capitalization and low-to-moderate crypto asset price volatility. This scenario assumes modest growth in MTUs for the remainder of 2021 relative to Q1 2021.
Low: Average 2021 MTUs of 5.5 million. This scenario assumes a significant decrease in crypto market capitalization from current levels, similar to the decrease observed in 2018, and low levels of crypto asset price volatility thereafter. In this scenario, we assume MTUs will decrease in a corresponding manner and end 2021 at similar levels to Q4 2020.

2021 Average Net Revenue Per User
Average net revenue per user varies period to period due to fluctuations in crypto asset prices and trading volume. Given this short term volatility, we focus on annual averages. Over the last 2 years, we have seen average annual net revenue per retail MTU range between $34-$45 per month, with the low end of this range occurring in 2019, a period of low Bitcoin price and low crypto asset price volatility, and the high end of the range occurring in 2020, a period of rising Bitcoin price. Given the strong performance of Q1 2021, we anticipate the annual average net revenue per user will exceed this historical range.

Institutional Revenue
We expect meaningful growth in 2021 driven by transaction and custody revenue based on increasing volumes of institutional onboarding, increased capital allocations to crypto, and increased trading volumes from existing clients. However, our institutional revenue is inherently unpredictable given the factors listed above.

We have no updates to our expense outlook. In Q2 2021, we expect approximately $35 million of one-time expenses related to the Company’s direct listing. Looking to full year 2021, in order to scale our operations and to continue to drive product innovation, we expect our technology and development expenses and our general and administrative expenses to be between $1.3 billion to $1.6 billion, excluding stock-based compensation. Additionally, we plan to augment our historically strong organic growth with customer acquisition and engagement by meaningfully increasing our investment in sales and marketing. We plan for sales and

marketing to be between 12% and 15% of net revenue in 2021. Lastly, we anticipate transaction expenses will be in the low-to-mid teens as a percent of net revenue in 2021.

As a result of our direct listing, the tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021 might not be indicative of our full year tax rate due to the U.S. Federal tax implications of non-deductible executive compensation offset by potential material benefits from deductible stock-based compensation from the exercise of non-qualified stock options.

Long-term Profitability
Given that this is our first quarterly update, we want to reiterate a few key concepts about how we think about our business performance. We are in the early stages in the development of the cryptoeconomy and our focus is on investing for long-term growth. As our Q1 results clearly demonstrated, our business is volatile. We have historically generated high revenue and have been profitable during periods of strong crypto asset prices and we have lost money when prices are low. We plan our investments over a longer term, taking historic financial performance and our projected revenue scenarios into consideration. The end result, as shared in our prospectus for the direct listing, is that we seek to operate the company at roughly break even in terms of profitability, smoothed out over time, for the time being.

Closing Thoughts
The wind is in our sails right now, and it feels good. But crypto is a young volatile industry and there will come a day when times are harder. We know this because we’ve experienced major crypto winters where financing was difficult to get, partners cut us off, and we lost large parts of our employee base. Tension gets high during these times. We’ve sustained by enduring, and not over-reacting. It’s never as good as it seems, and it’s never as bad as it seems.

We are ready for this possible future. When things get tough, we will not:
Succumb to the pressure of quarterly earnings targets or a declining stock price: We are a long term focused company, not a short term one.
Make panicked decisions that cost us our future: During crypto winters, we were urged to kill nascent products such as Commerce. We kept those products, and they are thriving today.
Underinvest in the business: If there’s one thing we’ve learned from previous crypto winters, we probably underinvested during those times relative to what we could have done. We will continue to invest when others are fearful.
Become more risk averse simply because we are a public company.

We will always:
Be prudent about what opportunities we pursue: Sometimes timing really matters. If we launch products that don’t find product market fit, and we have more pressing opportunities, we will be comfortable prioritizing and cutting things that don’t make sense.
Operate with a flexible structure: We will operate nimbly with top talent, and we’ll experiment with how to scale up and down on different initiatives during different times.


Continue to make bold bets that might not appear obvious to the world. We acquired Xapo during the last crypto winter. It was a bit of a risky bet. It also helped cement our position as a leading crypto custodian.
Stay hungry and foolish: We will continue to amp up our pace of execution. We won't rest on our laurels, or let our prior success ossify us or make us risk averse.

We’ve experienced hard times in the past, and we’ll experience hard times in the future. We can’t predict the future, but past cycles can help us be prepared; they serve as a reminder that volatility and uncertainty are a given with the scale of the opportunity in front of us. We are here to build a generational company. We want people who stick with us through ups and downs, and who believe in driving our mission of increasing economic freedom in the world.

We look forward to keeping our investors focused on our progress as we move forward. We would like to thank our employees for your tremendous work, and our customers, partners, and investors for your ongoing support of Coinbase.



Webcast Information
The Company will host a question and answer session to discuss the results for the first quarter of 2021 and an outlook for the second quarter of 2021 and full year 2021 on May 13, 2021 at 2:00 pm PT. The live webcast of the call will be available on the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at https://investor.coinbase.com. A replay of the call as well as a transcript will be available on the same website.

Forward Looking Statements
This communication contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our future operating results and financial position, including for our second fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2021 and our fiscal year ending December 31, 2021, anticipated future expenses and investments, expectations relating to certain of our key financial and operating metrics, our business strategy and plans, market growth, our market position and potential market opportunities, and our objectives for future operations. The words “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “potential,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “expect,” “could,” “would,” “project,” “plan,” “target,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s expectations, assumptions, and projections based on information available at the time the statements were made. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties, and assumptions, including risks and uncertainties related to: our ability to successfully execute our business and growth strategy and maintain future profitability, market acceptance of our products and services, our ability to further penetrate our existing customer base and expand our customer base, our ability to develop new products and services, our ability to expand internationally, the success of any acquisitions or investments that we make, the effects of increased competition in our markets, our ability to stay in compliance applicable laws and regulations, and market conditions across the cryptoeconomy. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties, and assumptions, our actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. Further information on risks that could cause actual results to differ materially from forecasted results are or will be included in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) including our final prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, on April 14, 2021 with the SEC and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements, or to update the reasons if actual results differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements.

Non-GAAP Financial Measure
In addition to our results determined in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), we believe Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure, is useful in evaluating our operating performance. We use Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate our ongoing operations and for internal planning and forecasting purposes. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA may be helpful to investors because it provides consistency and comparability with past financial performance. However, Adjusted EBITDA is presented for supplemental informational purposes only, has limitations as an analytical tool, and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information presented in accordance with GAAP. Among other non-cash and non-recurring items, Adjusted EBITDA excludes stock-based compensation expense, which has recently been, and will continue to be for the foreseeable future, a significant recurring expense for our business and an important part of our compensation strategy. In addition, other companies, including companies in our industry, may

calculate similarly titled non-GAAP measures, including Adjusted EBITDA, differently or may use other measures to evaluate their performance, all of which could reduce the usefulness of our non-GAAP financial measures as tools for comparison.
A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income can be found below in the table captioned “Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA.” Investors are encouraged to review the related GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to its most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business. We calculate Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss), adjusted to exclude interest expense, provision for income taxes, depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation expense, impairment of goodwill, acquired intangibles and crypto assets, restructuring expenses, non-recurring acquisition-related compensation expenses, non-recurring direct listing expenses, unrealized gain or loss on foreign exchange, fair value adjustments on derivatives, and non-recurring legal reserves and related costs.


Coinbase Global, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except par value data)

March 31,December 31,
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$1,983,318 $1,061,850 
Restricted cash30,841 30,787 
Customer custodial funds6,291,776 3,763,392 
USDC102,118 48,938 
Accounts and loans receivable, net of allowance208,828 189,471 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets55,662 39,510 
Total current assets8,672,543 5,133,948 
Crypto assets held651,356 316,094 
Lease right-of-use assets110,791 100,845 
Property and equipment, net50,331 49,250 
Goodwill481,379 77,212 
Intangible assets, net93,032 60,825 
Other non-current assets141,680 117,240 
Total assets$10,201,112 $5,855,414 
Liabilities, Convertible Preferred Stock, and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Custodial funds due to customers$6,223,846 $3,849,468 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses373,955 85,111 
Crypto asset borrowings543,820 271,303 
Lease liabilities, current29,695 25,270 
Other current liabilities84,832 15,703 
Total current liabilities7,256,148 4,246,855 
Lease liabilities, non-current88,519 82,508 
Total liabilities7,344,667 4,329,363 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)
Convertible preferred stock, $0.00001 par value; 126,605 shares authorized; 112,407 and 112,878 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively; aggregate liquidation preference of $568,320 and $578,750 at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
552,037 562,467 
Stockholders’ equity
Class A common stock, $0.00001 par value; 282,000 and 267,640 shares authorized at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively; 19,385 and 12,204 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
— — 
Class B common stock, $0.00001 par value; 208,414 shares authorized at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020; 66,281 and 60,904 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
— — 
Additional paid-in capital804,523 231,024 
Accumulated other comprehensive income2,118 6,256 
Retained earnings1,497,767 726,304 
Total stockholders’ equity2,304,408 963,584 
Total liabilities, convertible preferred stock, and stockholders’ equity$10,201,112 $5,855,414 


Coinbase Global, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)

Three Months Ended March 31,
Net revenue$1,596,981 $179,082 
Other revenue204,131 11,548 
Total revenue1,801,112 190,630 
Operating expenses:
Transaction expense234,066 25,407 
Technology and development184,225 47,138 
Sales and marketing117,990 9,921 
General and administrative121,231 58,958 
Other operating expense155,887 10,431 
Total operating expenses813,399 151,855 
Operating income987,713 38,775 
Other (income) expense, net(8,953)3,866 
Income before provision for income taxes996,666 34,909 
Provision for income taxes 225,203 2,936 
Net income$771,463 $31,973 
Net income attributable to common stockholders:
Basic$301,896 $— 
Diluted$387,719 $— 
Net income per share attributable to common stockholders:
Basic$3.80 $— 
Diluted$3.05 $— 
Weighted-average shares of common stock used to compute net income per share attributable to common stockholders:
Basic79,373 66,957 
Diluted126,996 66,957 


Coinbase Global, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands)

Three Months Ended March 31,
Net income$771,463 $31,973 
Other comprehensive loss
Translation adjustment, net of tax(4,138)(811)
Comprehensive income$767,325 $31,162 


Coinbase Global, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)

Three Months Ended March 31,
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income$771,463 $31,973 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation and amortization10,922 6,894 
Impairment expense841 268 
Stock-based compensation expense104,628 8,772 
Provision for transaction losses and doubtful accounts2,503 254 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment11 — 
Deferred income taxes36 7,637 
Unrealized (gain) loss on foreign exchange(2,869)4,409 
Non-cash lease expense9,050 5,818 
Gain on investments(9,257)— 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration— (401)
Realized (gain) loss on crypto assets(32,769)303 
Crypto assets received as revenue(180,109)(10,711)
Crypto asset payments for expenses154,989 2,781 
Fair value adjustment on derivatives(2,800)— 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts and loans receivable(11,976)(12,783)
Income taxes, net238,486 (12,726)
Other assets(34,587)10,779 
Custodial funds due to customers2,355,138 386,668 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses45,180 6,952 
Lease liabilities(8,568)(5,670)
Other liabilities65,517 208 
Net cash provided by operating activities3,411,765 470,299 
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchase of property and equipment(18)(2,393)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment48 — 
Capitalized internal-use software development costs(4,388)(1,926)
Business combination, net of cash acquired(16,525)— 
Purchase of investments(9,203)(2,248)
Purchase of crypto assets(553,012)(60,160)
Disposal of crypto assets545,188 61,187 
Net cash used in investing activities(37,910)(5,540)
Cash flows from financing activities
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options, net of repurchases59,387 432 
Issuance of shares from exercise of warrants433 — 
Net cash provided by financing activities59,820 432 

Three Months Ended March 31,
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash3,433,675 465,191 
Effect of exchange rates on cash16,231 (10,875)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of period4,856,029 1,784,417 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of period$8,305,935 $2,238,733 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash consisted of the following:
Cash and cash equivalents$1,983,318 $636,324 
Restricted cash30,841 40,334 
Customer custodial funds6,291,776 1,562,075 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$8,305,935 $2,238,733 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
Cash paid during the period for income taxes$— $550 
Operating cash outflows for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities$7,490 $7,123 
Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities
Unsettled purchases of property and equipment$— $7,607 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations$13,072 $2,146 
Purchase of crypto assets and investments with non-cash consideration$885 $851 
Crypto assets borrowed$9,158 $— 
Crypto assets borrowed repaid$16,437 $— 

Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA

Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands/unaudited)
Net Income$771,463 $31,973 
Adjusted to exclude the following:
Provision for income taxes225,203 2,936 
Depreciation and amortization10,922 6,894 
Interest expense4,273 — 
Stock-based compensation104,628 8,772 
Impairment841 268 
Non-recurring direct listing expenses4,160 — 
Unrealized (gain) loss on foreign exchange(2,869)4,409 
Fair value (gain) loss on derivatives(2,800)— 
Legal reserves and related costs1,500 — 
Adjusted EBITDA$1,117,321 $55,252