S-1/A 1 fs12023a4_nyiaxinc.htm REGISTRATION STATEMENT

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 1, 2023.

Registration No. 333-265357

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

___________________________

FORM S-1
(Amendment No.
4)
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

___________________________

NYIAX, Inc.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

___________________________

Delaware

 

7370

 

46-0547534

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

180 Maiden Lane, 11th Floor
New York, NY 10005
Telephone: 917-444-9259

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)

___________________________

Christopher Hogan
Interim Chief Executive Officer
NYIAX, Inc.
180 Maiden Lane, 11
th Floor
New York, NY 10005
Telephone: 917-444-9259

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

___________________________

Copies to:

Mitchell L. Lampert, Esq.
Anna Jinhua Wang, Esq.
Robinson & Cole LLP
1055 Washington Boulevard
Stamford, CT 06901
Telephone: (203) 462
-7559
Fax: (203) 462
-7599

 

Richard I. Anslow, Esq.
Ellenoff, Grossman & Schole LLP
1345 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10105
Telephone: (212) 370
-1300
Fax: (212) 370
-7889

___________________________

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this Registration Statement.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box: 

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

 

 

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

 

Smaller reporting company

 

       

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. 

The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

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EXPLANATORY NOTE

This Registration Statement contains two prospectuses, as set forth below.

        Public Offering Prospectus.    A prospectus to be used for the public offering of 1,640,000 shares of common stock of the Registrant (the “Public Offering Prospectus”) through the underwriters named on the cover page of the Public Offering Prospectus.

        Resale Prospectus.    A prospectus to be used for the resale by the selling shareholders set forth therein of 1,360,000 shares of common stock of the Registrant (the “Resale Prospectus”).

The Resale Prospectus is substantively identical to the Public Offering Prospectus, except for the following principal points:

        they contain different outside and inside front covers and back covers;

        they contain different Offering sections in the Prospectus Summary section beginning on page Alt-1;

        they contain different Use of Proceeds sections on page Alt-6;

        a selling shareholder section is included in the Resale Prospectus;

        a selling shareholder Plan of Distribution is inserted; and

        the Legal Matters section in the Resale Prospectus on page Alt-10 deletes the reference to counsel for the underwriters.

The Registrant has included in this Registration Statement a set of alternate pages after the back cover page of the Public Offering Prospectus (the “Alternate Pages”) to reflect the foregoing differences in the Resale Prospectus as compared to the Public Offering Prospectus. The Public Offering Prospectus will exclude the Alternate Pages and will be used for the public offering by the Registrant. The Resale Prospectus will be substantively identical to the Public Offering Prospectus except for the addition or substitution of the Alternate Pages and will be used for the resale offering by the selling shareholders.

 

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The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities, and we are not soliciting offers to buy these securities, in any state where the offer or sale of these securities is not permitted.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED FEBRUARY 1, 2023

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS

NYIAX, Inc.
$8,200,000
of Common Stock

This is the initial public offering of common stock of NYIAX, Inc. We are offering $8,200,000 of shares of our common stock, or 1,640,000 shares of common stock. No public market currently exists for our common stock. The estimated initial public offering price per share of common stock is between $4.50 and $5.50 per share. The selling shareholders (as defined herein) are offering 1,360,000 shares of common stock of NYIAX, Inc. to be sold in the offering pursuant to the Resale Prospectus. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the shares of common stock of NYIAX, Inc. to be sold by the selling shareholders.

We have applied to list our common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market (“Nasdaq”) under the symbol “NYX”. No assurance can be given that our listing application will be approved. If our common stock is not approved for listing on Nasdaq, we will not consummate this offering.

We are an “emerging growth company” as defined by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, and as such, we have elected to comply with certain reduced public company reporting requirements for this prospectus and future filings.

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Before deciding whether to invest in our securities, please read “Risk Factors” beginning on page 8 of this prospectus.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

Per Share

 

Total

Public offering price

 

$

5.00

 

$

8,200,000

Underwriting discounts and commissions(1)

 

$

0.40

 

$

656,000

Proceeds to us, before expenses

 

$

4.60

 

$

7,544,000

____________

(1)      See “Underwriting” for additional information regarding underwriting compensation.

We have granted the underwriters an option to purchase up to an additional $1,230,000 of shares of common stock from us at the public offering price less the underwriting discounts and commissions, and on the same terms and conditions as set forth above, for 30 days after the date of this prospectus. If the underwriters exercise the option in full, the total public offering will be $9,430,000, the total underwriting discounts and commissions will be $754,400 (equal to 8% of the gross proceeds), and the total proceeds, before expenses, to us will be $8,675,600.

The underwriters expect to deliver the shares against payment through the facilities of the Depository Trust Company on or about         , 2023, subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions.

Boustead Securities, LLC

 

WestPark Capital, Inc.

The date of this prospectus is [•], 2023.

 

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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

We have not, and the underwriters have not, authorized anyone to provide you with any information or to make any representation other than that contained in this prospectus, any amendment or supplement to this prospectus or in any free writing prospectus prepared we may authorize to be delivered or made available to you. We do not, and the underwriters do not, take any responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any information that others may provide to you. We are offering to sell, and seeking offers to buy, shares of our common stock only in jurisdictions where offers and sales are permitted. The information in this prospectus is accurate only as of the date on the front cover of this prospectus, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or any sale of shares of our common stock. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since that date. You should also read and consider the information in the documents to which we have referred you under the caption “Where You Can Find More Information” in this prospectus.

For investors outside the United States: Neither we, the selling shareholders, nor the underwriters have done anything that would permit a public offering of the securities or possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than in the United States. Persons outside the United States who come into possession of this prospectus must inform themselves about, and observe any restrictions relating to, the offering of the securities and the distribution of this prospectus outside of the United States.

TRADE NAMES AND SERVICE MARKS

We use various trade names and service marks in our business, including “NYIAX”, “      ” and “      ”. For convenience, we may not include the SM, ® or symbols, but such omission is not meant to indicate that we would not protect our intellectual property rights to the fullest extent allowed by law. Any other trademarks, trade names or service marks referred to in this prospectus are the property of their respective owners.

INDUSTRY AND MARKET DATA

This prospectus includes industry data and forecasts that we obtained from industry publications and surveys, public filings and internal company sources. Industry publications, surveys and forecasts generally state that the information contained therein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but there can be no assurance as to the accuracy or completeness of the included information. Statements as to our ranking, market position and market estimates are based on third-party forecasts, management’s estimates and assumptions about our markets and our internal research. We have not independently verified such third-party information, nor have we ascertained the underlying economic assumptions relied upon in those sources, and we cannot assure you of the accuracy or completeness of such information contained in this prospectus. Such data involve risks and uncertainties and is subject to change based on various factors, including those discussed under “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”

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PUBLIC OFFERING PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

The following summary highlights information contained elsewhere in this prospectus and does not contain all of the information that you should consider in making your investment decision. Before making an investment decision and investing in our securities, you should carefully read this entire prospectus, including the sections in this prospectus entitled “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and our financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus.

WestPark Capital, Inc. (“WestPark”), beneficially owns 90,100 shares of common stock of NYIAX and warrants to purchase 168,969 shares of common stock of NYIAX. WestPark Capital Group, LLC, the parent of WestPark, and certain representatives of WestPark collectively beneficially own 35,270 shares of common stock of NYIAX. See “Past Offerings” on page 42 of this prospectus for further details.

Except as otherwise indicated herein or as the context otherwise requires, references in this prospectus to “NYIAX,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to NYIAX, Inc.

Overview of Our Business

Our Company

NYIAX is a financial platform technology company founded in 2012 by Carolina Abenante, Mark Grinbaum and Graham Mosley, who formulated the genesis of NYIAX’s mission: to bring forth a new era of financial platform technology and financial rigor within the advertising industry and beyond. NYIAX’s platform utilizes Nasdaq’s financial framework (“NFF”)1 wherein NYIAX employs smart contracts and blockchain technology as core ledger therefore enabling contract formation, compliance and reconciliation. NYIAX’s proprietary technology brings automation of complex and outdated contract processes to its clients. NYIAX has changed the methodology of how markets are developed within the advertising ecosystem and strives to do the same across other industries. NYIAX’s current market mission is to connect buyers and sellers of media through trusted, secure and efficient transactions. The platform is protected through a joint patent held by both NYIAX and Nasdaq Technology AB (“Nasdaq”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Nasdaq, Inc. This patented technology essentially creates current and future opportunities for any industry utilizing contracts.

The Nasdaq Technology Relationship

The NYIAX platform was developed and patented in partnership with none other than Nasdaq. Together, the firms adapted and extended order books, matcher and discovery functionality in order to efficiently scale a new asset class leveraging Nasdaq’s marketplace technology.2 NYIAX incorporated Hyperledger Fabric Blockchain3, an enterprise blockchain, as its core ledger for tracking order terms, contract management and contract reconciliation. Nasdaq’s marketplace technology provides financial rigor for clients utilizing NYIAX-created instruments (contract terms, media channels, time period, campaign, etc.) with standardized taxonomies. NYIAX worked in collaboration with Nasdaq to create one of the first advertising contract management exchanges deployed in the cloud and utilizing blockchain technology.4 NYIAX, Inc. and Nasdaq Technology AB’s joint patent titled, “Systems and Methods for Electronic Continuous Trading of Variant Inventories” (Patent No. 10,607,291), which describes NYIAX’s technology related to electronic continuous buying and selling systems and matching data records representing inventories with variant characteristics such as variant length, variant data types, etc.

NYIAX and Nasdaq have entered into several long-term agreements to build and maintain the NYIAX platform to ensure its continued optimal performance. On December 21, 2015, NYIAX entered into a Design Study Agreement

____________

1        NFF, the framework, consists of a single operational core that ties together the deep portfolio of Nasdaq’s proven business functionality across the contract lifecycle, in an open framework whereby exchanges, clearinghouses and central securities depositories can integrate Nasdaq’s business applications with each other, as well as other third-party solutions.

2        Anna Irrera and John McCrank, Nasdaq provides Blockchain tech to new advertising exchange, March 14, 2017.

3        Hyperledger Fabric, an open-source project from the Linux Foundation, is the modular blockchain framework and de facto standard for enterprise blockchain platforms. Hyperledger Fabric is an open, proven, enterprise-grade, distributed ledger platform. It has advanced privacy controls so only the data that is wanted to be shared gets shared among the “permissioned” (known) network participants.

4        “Announcing NYIAX, the World's First Advertising Contract Exchange”, NYIAX, Inc. and Nasdaq, Inc., https://ir.nasdaq.com/news-releases/news-release-details/announcing-nyiax-worlds-first-advertising-contract-exchange

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with Nasdaq in order to determine and create the adaptations necessary to evolve the financial technology platform into an advertising exchange. On May 17, 2016, NYIAX entered into an IT Services Agreements with Nasdaq for the build and completion of the specification of the Design Study, which included exclusivity to work only with NYIAX until 2021 in the scope of advertising platforms. On December 30, 2020, NYIAX and Nasdaq amended the IT Services Agreement to extend the term of the agreement for an additional ten years to April 5, 2032.

Advertising Industry

Due to the growth of the advertising industry, an extraordinarily complex technology (“ad-tech”) ecosystem was developed and designed to monetize every available, perishable ad5 impression and unit of audience data. However, the ad-tech ecosystem has yet to address direct advertising, guaranteed advertising and agency or advertiser discounted advertising, which for the most part is sold by Media Sellers directly to Media Buyers through non-automated methods. These physical contracts are negotiated, signed, and sent between parties by outdated communication channels such as fax, email, and mail. This is a cumbersome and non-automated process, which is ripe with tracking and reconciliation issues, as well as a loss of data on the contract terms and transactions.

A media buyer (“Media Buyer”) is typically an advertiser, advertising agency or intermediary that buys on behalf of an advertiser. A media seller (“Media Seller”) is typically a publisher of content, such as websites, magazines, billboards, connected television, network TV, mobile or desktop applications, other content or any proxy for a content.

The advertising industry has grown significantly in the past twenty years.6 According to eMarketer (a frequently quoted research company which claims to source information from 3,000 sources), the total global advertising spend for 2022 is estimated to be over $783 billion, which is an approximately 6.1% increase over the 2021 spending.7 In April 2021, eMarketer forecasted that U.S. digital ad spending will increase by 25.5% in 2021, representing the fastest growth rate since 2018. As the ad market and wider economy continue to recover from the pandemic, it is estimated that total media ad spending will rebound by 18.0% in 2021 after a flat 2020.8 The United States is anticipated to remain the world’s largest advertising market, with U.S. digital ad revenue spending estimated in 2021 to be at $191.09 billion, compared to $152.25 billion in 2020.9

How NYIAX Solves the Problem

NYIAX is a marketplace where advertising inventory, campaigns and audiences can easily be listed and sold through utilization of highly transparent and efficient financial technology. The NYIAX platform provides Media Buyers and Media Sellers a marketplace where advertising or audience campaigns are listed, bought, and sold; thereafter, the contract10 flows directly into the Hyperledger Fabric Blockchain11 for contract management, reconciliation, and automation purposes.

Durable inventory in the advertising industry consists of targeting, terms, and descriptions of the contracts between counterparties on the platform, such as Media Type, Display, Geo/Geography, Payment Date (e.g., Q1 2021). This allows NYIAX to take any complex contract through its contract lifecycle from formation, discovery, negotiation and reconciliation. The NYIAX platform allows NYIAX to form contracts with efficiency, easily scalable and reconcilable through the power of the Nasdaq macher and framework; thereby, enabling the NYIAX platform to provide Media Buyers, Media Sellers, and intermediaries within the advertising ecosystem with the ability to manage the contract compliance for life cycle for the advertising contract.

____________

5        Ad means advertising. Ad and advertising will be used interchangeably in this filing.

6        Digital Ad Spending Poised for Exceptional Growth, Ali Mogharabi, December 11, 2020, Morningstar.

7        searchengineland.com/coronavirus-emarketer-lowers-global-ad-spend-projections-for-2020-331077

8        US Digital Ad Spending 2021, Investments in Video and Performance-Oriented Ads Drive Pandemic Gains, Nicole Perrin, eMarketer, April 14, 2021

9        www.emarketer.com/content/us-digital-ad-spending-2021

10      Contract, contract creation, or contract formation is a match between two orders: order from the Media Buyer and corresponding order from the Media Seller. Contract, contract creation and contract formation within this filing are used interchangeably.

11      Hyperledger Fabric, an open source project from the Linux Foundation, is the modular blockchain framework and de facto standard for enterprise blockchain platforms. Intended as a foundation for developing enterprise-grade applications and industry solutions, the open, modular architecture uses plug-and-play components to accommodate a wide range of use cases.

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Our Role in the Industry

NYIAX provides a solution to the advertising marketplace challenges through the creation of a trusted, transparent, efficient, and auditable marketplace and platform where Media Buyers and Media Sellers can discover, negotiate, contract formation, reconcile and bill all in one platform and with use of a dashboard, while ensuring compliance with advertising contracts. We are of the belief that NYIAX is the first to bring this level of automation, efficiency, financial rigor, and auditability to the advertising industry.

Our platform is a key component connecting Media sellers, Media buyers and intermediaries within the advertising supply chain.

Our Strengths

We believe the strengths stated below provide NYIAX with an advantage in the industry it operates in.

End to End Platform.    Our platform enables clients to save time and money on: (i) outdated and manual processes; (ii) discovery and negotiation of deals; and (iii) reconciliation and billing, thereby providing financially rigorous transparency and automation to the contracting process across the media ecosystems.

Technology Innovation.    Our use of Nasdaq technology, our patented adaptation to financial buying and selling systems, and our use of other innovative technologies, such as distributed ledgers and smart contracts enables us to interoperate with both the financial markets and the new technologies as they evolve, thereby providing both NYIAX and its customers increased efficiency in automation as digital transformation accelerates.

Two-Sided Market.    NYIAX’s unique approach of having a two-sided marketplace enables publishers and agencies to describe, negotiate, and acquire the inventory while enabling and maintaining contract, descriptors and attributes standards. Our approach directly improves upon the current advertising industry’s Private Marketplaces12 and Automated Guaranteed (AG) platforms.13 The current advertising industry models are auctions based on first or second14 price for the inventory, while NYIAX enables dynamic pricing15 which allows buyers and sellers to combine both human intelligence and artificial auction models16, thereby providing a market for both buyers and sellers to transact according to their business requirements.

____________

12      Ross Benes, Ad Spending on Private Marketplaces Will Pass Open Exchanges Next Year, eMarketer, May 8 2019 A Private Marketplace is defined as an auction run by a single publisher or a small group of publishers and open only to select buyers.

13      Cyrus Jabbari, The Ultimate Programmatic Advertising Glossary, January 27, 2020 An automated transaction in the Private Marketplace, where an advertiser buys placements at a fixed price over a fixed period of time. Most similar variant to traditional non-programmatic media buying.

14      Stylianos Despotakis, First-Price Auctions in Online Display Advertising, June 17, 2021.

15      Camille Brégé, Debunking the Myths of B2B Dynamic Pricing, BCG, November 20, 2020.

16      Id at 15

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Agnostic and Complimentary Nature.    Our Platform is agnostic and complimentary to the current technology partners our clients prefer for delivery, tracking and media types, thereby enabling us to offer service and value to our customers across the ecosystem. For example, we originally developed our platform to work with Ad Contract (meaning digital advertising contracts, including web, application-based, print based and video inventory on display, mobile, television or other ad delivery medium) delivery occurring through the primary publisher and agency ad serving technology, whereas today we also support delivery of media via both direct and indirect delivery platforms via our relationships with Supply or Sell Side Platforms (SSPs, which refer to technology platforms enabling web publishers and digital out-of-home media owners to manage their advertising inventory, fill it with ads, and receive revenue).

NYIAX plans to follow the new industry standards around third-party cookie depreciation by the end of 2023 and how data will be utilized in a compliant manner. We intend to support emerging solutions for campaigns and transactions on the NYIAX platform.

Scale and Growth

We intend to focus on the below areas to enable the growth and scale of the NYIAX platform for its clients and partners.

        Publisher Supply listing and availability via direct and indirect channels, balanced with agency and advertiser demand needs.

        Continued expansion and maintenance of the Omni channel demand and supply as distribution evolves to new media types.

        As demand from the buy side of the market dictates, we will continue to expand internationally. While we are initially focused on the United States, interest from global markets should enable both growth and scale over time.

        Automation with technology is core to the growth and scale of the business. Reducing costs for us and our clients, also increases productivity and efficiency.

COVID-19

Since January 2020, an outbreak of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has evolved into a worldwide pandemic. The outbreak sparked responses across countries, states and cities worldwide to enforce various measures of social distancing, shelter-in-place orders, and temporary closure of non-essential businesses to reduce further transmission of the virus. As a result of these measures, the U.S. and global markets have seen significant disruption, the extent and duration of which remains highly uncertain. Due to the pandemic, we have temporarily closed our offices, including our corporate headquarters, and are operating with substantially all staff working remotely. Management reviews operations on a continuous basis and there have been minimal interruptions in our customer facing operations to date. On November 2, 2021, we opened an office in New York City. Our staff is currently working on an hybrid schedule.

Although we believe that the primary impact of the pandemic impacted our business and slowed down revenue growth, we have continued to experience revenue growth year-over-year and the underlying demand for our products has remained stable. However, the severity, magnitude and duration of the current COVID-19 pandemic is uncertain, rapidly changing, and hard to predict and depends on events beyond our knowledge or control. These and other impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic could have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in the “Risk Factors” section, such as those relating to our reputation, product sales, results of operations or financial condition. We might not be able to predict or respond to all impacts on a timely basis to prevent near- or long-term adverse impacts to our results. As a result, we cannot at this time predict the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, but it could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.

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THE OFFERING

Common stock to be offered by us

 

$8,200,000 of shares of our common stock, or 1,640,000 shares of common stock ($9,430,000 shares of our common stock, or 1,886,000 shares of common stock if the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option in full)

Public offering price

 

We currently estimate that the initial public offering price will be between $4.50 and $5.50 per share. The number of shares offered hereby is based upon an assumed offering price of $5.00 per share, the midpoint of such estimated price range.

Common stock to be outstanding after this offering

 


14,010,002 shares (or 14,256,002 shares if the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option in full) at an assumed offering price of $5.00 per share, the midpoint of such estimated price range.

Underwriters’ over-allotment option

 

We have granted the underwriters the option to purchase up to an additional $1,230,000 of shares of our common stock or 246,000 shares of common stock (equal to 15% of the shares of common stock sold in the offering), solely to cover over-allotments, if any. The underwriters can exercise this option at any time within 30 days after the date of this prospectus.

Proposed trading market and symbol:

 

We have applied to list our common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market (“Nasdaq”) under the symbol “NYX”. No assurance can be given that our listing application will be approved by Nasdaq. If our common stock is not approved for listing on Nasdaq, we will not consummate this offering.

Use of proceeds

 

We estimate that the net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $7.0 million (or approximately $8.0 million if the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option in full), assuming an initial public offering price of $5.00 per share, which is the midpoint of the estimated range of the initial public offering price, after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

We intend to use the net proceeds from this offering primarily (i) for general corporate purposes, including working capital, capital expenditures and operating expenses; (ii) for development of new applications and features for, and enhancements of, our technology platform; (iii) to acquire complementary businesses or technology; and (iii) to hire additional resources to support our product development and international expansion efforts. See “Use of Proceeds” on page 25 of this prospectus.

Risk factors

 

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 8 of this prospectus and other information included in this prospectus for a discussion of factors you should carefully consider before deciding to invest in our common stock.

Except as otherwise indicated herein, the number of shares of common stock outstanding before this offering and that will be outstanding after this offering is based on 12,370,002 shares of common stock outstanding as of the date of this prospectus and excludes:

i.       a total of 2,122,011 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants;

ii.      a total of 3,086,626 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of options;

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iii.     a number of shares of common stock issuable (1,452,180 as of the date thereof) upon the conversion of the 2022 Convertible Note Payable and the 2023 Convertible Note Payable, including an aggregate principal amount of $2,820,000* (excluding deferred debt discount and amortization of discount) and accrued payment-in-kind interest of approximately $84,360 through the date thereof (and approximately $28,200 accruing monthly), at a conversion price of $2.00; and

iv.      150,000 restricted share units to be awarded to director nominee upon becoming a member of the Board granted under our equity compensation plans, which will be registered under registration statements on Form S-8 that we plan to file immediately after the consummation of this offering.

____________

*        Of the $2,820,000 2022 Convertible and 2023 Convertible Notes that have been sold, $2,635,404 of common stock plus accrued interest of approximately $81,300 through the date thereof, at a conversion price of $2.00 the Company issuable upon the conversion will be registered in this registration statement.

Unless otherwise stated or the context requires otherwise, all information in this prospectus assumes that the option to purchase up to 246,000 additional shares of common stock that we have granted to the underwriters is not exercised.

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SUMMARY FINANCIAL DATA

The following tables set forth our summary historical financial data as of, and for the periods ended on, the dates indicated. The summary statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 and the summary balance sheet data as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 are derived from our restated audited financial statements and notes that are included elsewhere in this prospectus. The summary statements of operations data for the nine-months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 and the summary balance sheets data as of September 30, 2022 and 2021 are derived from our restated unaudited interim financial statements and notes that are included elsewhere in this prospectus. We have prepared the unaudited financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and on the same basis as the audited financial statements, and have included all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments that, in our opinion, we consider necessary for a fair statement of the financial information set forth in those statements. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of our results in any future period and results from our interim period may not necessarily be indicative of the results of the entire year.

The following summary financial data should be read together with the information under the caption “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this prospectus. The summary financial data in this section are not intended to replace our financial statements and the related notes and are qualified in their entirety by the financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus.

 

For the
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2022

 

Restated
For the
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2021

 

Restated
For the
Fiscal Year
Ended
December 31,
2021

 

For the
Fiscal Year
Ended
December 31,
2020

Statement of operations data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

 

949,475

 

 

 

111,852

 

 

 

593,899

 

 

 

52,945

 

Cost of Sales

 

 

886,290

 

 

 

480,610

 

 

 

806,846

 

 

 

611,710

 

Gross Margin

 

 

63,185

 

 

 

(368,758

)

 

 

(212,947

)

 

 

(558,765

)

Operating expenses

 

 

7,246,201

 

 

 

7,776,454

 

 

 

11,229,322

 

 

 

5,254,359

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(7,183,016

)

 

 

(8,145,212

)

 

 

(11,442,269

)

 

 

(5,813,124

)

Other expenses, net

 

 

1,217,595

 

 

 

1,402,512

 

 

 

2,056,357

 

 

 

360,987

 

Net Loss

 

 

(8,400,611

)

 

 

(9,547,724

)

 

 

(13,498,626

)

 

 

(6,174,111

)

(Loss) per share, basic

 

$

(0.74

)

 

$

(1.04

)

 

$

(1.43

)

 

$

(0.70

)

(Loss) per share, diluted

 

$

(0.74

)

 

$

(1.04

)

 

$

(1.43

)

 

$

(0.70

)

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding, basic

 

 

11,317,535

 

 

 

9,200,802

 

 

 

9,431,718

 

 

 

8,875,292

 

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding, diluted

 

 

11,317,535

 

 

 

9,200,802

 

 

 

9,431,718

 

 

 

8,875,292

 

 

At
September 30,
2022

 

Restated
At
September 30,
2021

 

Restated
At
December 31,
2021

 

At
December 31,
2020

Balance sheet data

   

 

   

 

   

 

   

 

Cash

 

833,552

 

 

4,896,328

 

 

3,387,200

 

 

1,191,649

 

Current assets

 

2,557,348

 

 

5,015,702

 

 

6,495,079

 

 

1,746,010

 

Total assets

 

4,210,940

 

 

5,839,897

 

 

8,080,841

 

 

2,543,155

 

Current liabilities

 

4,989,728

 

 

6,386,248

 

 

11,059,207

 

 

4,128,722

 

Total liabilities

 

5,401,063

 

 

6,996,748

 

 

12,100,595

 

 

4,998,827

 

Total shareholders’ equity (deficit)

 

(1,190,123

)

 

(1,156,851

)

 

(4,019,754

)

 

(2,455,672

)

Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity (deficit)

 

4,210,940

 

 

5,839,897

 

 

8,080,841

 

 

2,543,155

 

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RISK FACTORS

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below and all of the other information contained in this prospectus and in any free writing prospectuses prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you, including our financial statements and the related notes and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” before deciding whether to invest in our securities. If any of the possible events described below actually occur, our business, business prospects, cash flow, results of operations or financial condition could be harmed. In this case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you might lose all or part of your investment.

The following is a discussion of the risk factors that we believe are material to us at this time. These risks and uncertainties are not the only ones facing us and there may be additional matters that we are unaware of or that we currently consider immaterial. All of these could adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

Risks Related to Our Business

We have incurred net losses and experienced net cash outflows from operating activities. If we do not effectively manage our cash and other liquid financial assets, execute our plan to increase profitability and obtain additional financing, we may not be able to satisfy repayment requirements on our obligations.

We have historically incurred operating losses, experienced cash outflows from operations and we have accumulated deficit. Our net loss was approximately $8.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2022, $13.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, and $6.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2020. As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had negative working capital of approximately $2.4 million and approximately $4.6 million, of which approximately $1.0 million and $6.8 million were non-cash liabilities consisting of convertible notes payable and payment in kind interest. The Company has also been historically reliant on sales of debt or equity securities to fund its working capital obligations. As a result, the Company is of the opinion that it will not have sufficient cash to meet working capital and capital requirements for at least twelve months from the date of this prospectus unless it is able to raise additional capital. Management has implemented various efforts to improve liquidity and conserve cash, including the sale of convertible notes and reducing staffing levels. Because we are not yet producing sufficient revenue to sustain our operating costs, we are dependent upon raising capital to continue our business. If we are unable to raise additional capital, increase revenue and reduce operating expenses we may not be able to continue as a going concern. See page 36 for the Liquidity and Capital Resources section of the Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of the of Operations for further discussion of the Company’s liquidity and capital resources.

The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the resulting global economic uncertainty, and measures taken in response to the pandemic, have had, and could in the future have, an adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our business and operations have been and could in the future be adversely affected by health epidemics, such as the global COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to control its spread have curtailed the movement of people, goods and services worldwide, including in the regions in which we and our clients and partners operate, and are significantly impacting economic activity and financial markets. While the COVID-19 pandemic has generally accelerated a move from traditional media to digital media, many marketers have decreased or paused their advertising spending as a response to the economic uncertainty, decline in business activity, and other COVID-related impacts, which have negatively impacted, and may continue to negatively impact, our revenue and results of operations, the extent and duration of which we may not be able to accurately predict. As a result, our financial condition and results of operations may be adversely impacted.

Our operations are subject to a range of external factors related to the COVID-19 pandemic that are not within our control. We have taken precautionary measures intended to minimize the risk of the spread of the virus to our employees, partners and clients, and the communities in which we operate. A wide range of governmental restrictions have also been imposed on our employees, clients and partners’ physical movement to limit the spread of COVID-19. There can be no assurance that precautionary measures, whether adopted by us or imposed by others, will be effective, and such measures could negatively affect our sales, marketing, and client service efforts, delay and lengthen our sales cycles, decrease our employees’, clients’, or partners’ productivity, or create operational or other challenges, any of which could harm our business and results of operations.

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The economic uncertainty caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has made and may continue to make it difficult for us to forecast revenue and operating results and to make decisions regarding operational cost structures and investments. We have committed, and we plan to continue to commit, resources to grow our business, including technology development, and such investments may not yield anticipated returns, particularly if worldwide business activity continues to be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The duration and extent of the impact from the COVID-19 pandemic depend on future developments that cannot be accurately predicted at this time, and if we are not able to respond to and manage the impact of such events effectively, our business may be harmed.

A recession, depression, or other sustained adverse market events resulting from the spread of COVID-19 could adversely affect our business, results of operations, and financial condition, as well as the value of our common stock. Our customers or potential customers, particularly in industries most impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic including transportation, travel and hospitality, retail, and energy, may reduce their advertising spending or delay their advertising initiatives, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations, and financial condition. We may also experience curtailed customer demand, reduced customer spend or contract duration, delayed collections, lengthened payment terms, and increased competition due to changes in terms and conditions and pricing of our competitors’ products and services.

Our business is subject to the risk of catastrophic events such as pandemics, earthquakes, flooding, fire, and power outages, and to interruption by man-made problems such as terrorism and wars.

Our business is vulnerable to damage or interruption from pandemics, earthquakes, flooding, fire, power outages, telecommunications failures, terrorist attacks, acts of war, human errors, break-ins, and similar events. In particular, the COVID-19 pandemic, including the reactions of governments, markets, and the general public, may result in a number of adverse consequences for our business, results of operations, and financial condition, many of which are beyond our control. A significant natural disaster could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and financial condition, and our insurance coverage may be insufficient to compensate us for losses that may occur.

Our business, financial condition and results of operations may be negatively affected by economic and other consequences from Russia’s military action against Ukraine and the international sanctions imposed in response to that action.

We employ a U.S. based development company, BWSoft Management LLC, (“BWSoft”) with employees around the world, including Russia. In late February 2022, Russia launched a large-scale military attack on Ukraine. In response to the military action by Russia, various countries, including the United States, issued broad-ranging economic sanctions against Russia. Such sanctions included, among other things, a prohibition on doing business with certain Russian companies. The war in Ukraine and related sanctions imposed on Russia could limit our ability to transact with our developer that has employees located in Russia. Currently, BWSoft is not under sanctions. The Company, along with BWSoft carefully monitors regulation initiatives. In the event of future sanctions, BWSoft and NYIAX will react accordingly to provide consistent and safe development services to NYIAX. We are currently reviewing other options for our external development. If our developer were to terminate the employment of these development team members located in Russia, such termination could disrupt or delay the development of incremental features to our platform, increase our costs, or force us to shift development efforts to resources in other geographies that may not possess the same level of cost efficiencies. Additionally, as of the date of this prospectus, there are no import or export control restrictions applicable to our business or our relationship with BWSoft.

We are recently formed and have never been profitable. Our lack of operating history makes it difficult to evaluate our business and prospects and may increase the risks associated with an investment in our Common Stock.

We are recently formed and have never been profitable. Our lack of operating history makes it difficult to evaluate our business and prospects and there can be no guarantee that we will ever be profitable. Furthermore, we do not expect positive cash flow from operations in the near term. There is no assurance that actual cash requirements for our business will not exceed our estimates. In particular, additional capital may be required if our operating costs increase beyond our expectations or we encounter greater costs associated with general and administrative expenses or other costs.

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We may not be able to execute our business plan or stay in business without additional or adequate funding.

Our ability to successfully develop our business, generate operating revenues and achieve profitability will depend upon our ability to obtain the necessary or adequate financing to implement our business plan. We will require financing through the issuance of additional debt and/or equity to implement our business plan, including identifying, acquiring and distributing consumer products, building inventory, hiring additional personnel as needed and eventually establishing profitable operations. Such financing may not be forthcoming. As it has been widely reported, global and domestic financial markets and economic conditions have been, and continue to be, disrupted and volatile due to a variety of factors, including, but not limited to, economic conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, the cost of raising money in the debt and equity capital markets may increase while the availability of funds from those markets could diminished significantly, even more so for smaller companies like ours. If such conditions and constraints exist, we may not be able to acquire funds either through credit markets or through equity markets and, even if financing is available, it may not be available on terms which we find favorable. Failure to secure funding when needed will have an adverse effect on our ability to meet our obligations and remain in business.

Legislation and regulation of online businesses, including privacy and data protection regulations/restrictions, could create unexpected costs, subject us to enforcement actions for compliance failures, or cause us to change our technology platform or business model, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

Government regulation could increase the costs of doing business online. U.S. and foreign governments have enacted or are considering legislation related to online advertising and we expect to see an increase in legislation and regulation related to advertising online, the use of geo-location data to inform advertising, the collection and use of anonymous Internet user data and unique device identifiers, such as IP address or unique mobile device identifiers, and other data protection and privacy regulation. Recent revelations about bulk online data collection by the National Security Agency, and news articles suggesting that the National Security Agency may gather data from cookies placed by Internet advertisers to deliver interest-based advertising, may further interest governments in legislation regulating data collection by commercial entities, such as advertisers and publishers and technology companies that serve the advertising industry. Such legislation could affect the costs of doing business online and could reduce the demand for our solution or otherwise harm our business, financial condition and results of operations. For example, a wide variety of provincial, state, national and international laws and regulations apply to the collection, use, retention, protection, disclosure, transfer and other processing of personal data. Our failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations, or to protect personal data, could result in enforcement action against us, including fines, imprisonment of our officers and public censure, claims for damages by consumers and other affected individuals, damage to our reputation and loss of goodwill, any of which could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Even the perception of privacy concerns, whether or not valid, could harm our reputation and inhibit adoption of our solution by current and future advertisers and advertising agencies.

Fee pressure may result in a reduction in the fees we are able to charge on our platform, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

Fee pressure would be any pressure from publishers or advertisers to reduce the percentage that NYIAX would receive due to the downturn of the value of instruments or specific instruments including mismatched pricing. Fee pressures also have to do with the cyclicality of the advertising market, which is dependent upon the spend based on the particular time of the year. Any fee pressure could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business and results of operations.

Projecting the market’s acceptance of a new price or structure is imperfect and we may price too high or too low, both of which may carry adverse consequences.

If our estimates related to expenditures are inaccurate, our business may fail.

Our success is dependent in part upon the accuracy of our management’s estimates of expenditures for the next twelve months and beyond. If such estimates are inaccurate, or we encounter unforeseen expenses and delays, we may not be able to carry out our business plan, which could result in the failure of our business.

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Because we rely on third-party blockchain technologies, users of our platform could be subject to blockchain protocol risks.

Reliance upon other third-party blockchain technologies to create our platform subjects us and our customers to the risk of ecosystem malfunction, unintended function, unexpected functioning of, or attack on, the providers’ blockchain protocol, which may cause our platform to malfunction or function in an unexpected manner, including, but not limited to, slowdown or complete cessation in functionality of the platform.

We depend on a limited number of customers and the loss of one or more of these customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, one customer represented 84% of net revenue. As of September 30, 2022, one Media Seller represented 44% of accounts payable and two Media Buyers represented 80% and 11% of accounts receivable.

As of December 31, 2021, two Media Buyers represented for 45% and 41% of accounts receivable; three Media Sellers represented for 30%, 26% and 11% of net revenue, respectively; and three Media Sellers represented for 39%, 14% and 10% of accounts payable, respectively.

Due to the concentration of revenues from a limited number of customers, if we do not receive the payments from or if our relationships become impaired with any of these major customers, our revenue, results of operation and financial condition will be negatively impacted.

In addition, we cannot assure that any of our customers in the future will not cease using our products and services, significantly reduce orders or seek price reductions in the future, and any such event could have a material adverse effect on our revenue, profitability, and results of operations.

Our revenue and operating results will be highly dependent on the overall demand for advertising and could fluctuate significantly depending upon various factors, such as seasonal fluctuations and market changes. Factors that affect the amount of advertising spending, such as economic downturns, particularly in the fourth quarter of our fiscal year, will make it difficult to predict our revenue, and could cause our operating results to fall below investors’ expectations and adversely affect our business and financial condition.

Our business depends on the overall demand for advertising and on the economic health of our current and prospective sellers and buyers. If advertisers reduce their overall advertising spending, our revenue and results of operations are directly affected. Many advertisers devote a disproportionate amount of their advertising budgets to the fourth quarter of the calendar year to coincide with increased holiday purchasing, and buyers may spend more in the fourth quarter for budget reasons. As a result, any events that reduce the amount of advertising spending during the fourth quarter or reduce the amount of inventory available to buyers during that period, could have a disproportionate adverse effect on our revenue and operating results for that fiscal year. Economic downturns or instability in political or market conditions generally may cause current or new advertisers to reduce their advertising budgets. Reductions in inventory due to loss of sellers would make our solution less robust and attractive to buyers. Adverse economic conditions and general uncertainty about economic recovery are likely to affect our business prospects. Uncertainty regarding economic conditions in the United States and other countries may cause general business conditions in the United States and elsewhere to deteriorate or become volatile, which could cause buyers to delay, decrease or cancel purchases, exposing us to reduced demand for our solution, and increased credit risk on buyer orders. Moreover, any changes in the favorable tax treatment of advertising expenses and the deductibility thereof would likely cause a reduction in advertising demand. In addition, concerns over the sovereign debt situation in certain countries in the European Union as well as continued geopolitical turmoil in many parts of the world have and may continue to put pressure on global economic conditions, which could lead to reduced spending on advertising.

Our revenue, cash flow from operations, operating results and other key operating and financial measures may vary from quarter to quarter due to the seasonal nature of advertiser spending. For example, many advertisers devote a disproportionate amount of their advertising budgets to the fourth quarter of the calendar year to coincide with increased holiday purchasing. Moreover, advertising inventory in the fourth quarter may be more expensive due to increased demand for advertising inventory.

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Our revenue can vary greatly from period to period and it is dependent on several factors, including on our business development team. Our net revenue decreased sequentially quarter on quarter in 2022.

Our business is in the early stage and depends on the overall demand for digital advertising, the economic health of our current and prospective sellers and buyers and the on-boarding of new Media Contracts, which can vary greatly from period to period. We currently have only a limited number of buyers and sellers on our platform and need to increase the number of Media Contracts in order to increase our revenues. Obtaining new Media Contracts is dependent on several factors, including on our new business development (sales and representatives) team, which headcount has decreased from eleven at December 31, 2021 to three at September 30, 2022. (At March 31, 2021, the business development headcount was one and revenue for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 was nil.) In addition, our revenue from quarter to quarter has decreased for the three quarters ended March 31, 2022, June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2022 as follows:

March 31, 2022

 

$

485,065

June 30, 2022

 

 

339,423

September 30, 2022

 

 

124,987

There can be no assurance that we will be able to increase the number of Media Contracts or our overall revenue. In the event that we are unable to increase the number of Media Contracts on our platform, we will not be able to increase revenues and may be unable to continue in business.

Our business depends substantially on the continuing efforts of our executive officers and key employees, and our business may be severely disrupted if we lose their services.

Our future success depends substantially on the continued services of our executive officers and key employees. If one or more of our executive officers and key employees are unable or unwilling to continue in their present positions, we may not be able to replace them readily, if at all. The loss of any of our officers, including the chief executive officer, and key employees could cause our business to be disrupted, and we may incur additional expenses to recruit and retain their replacements. On May 26, 2022, Robert E. Ainbinder resigned as our Chief Executive Officer, while he continues to serve as a Director of the Company. On the same day, Christopher Hogan, our Chief Operating Officer, was appointed Interim Chief Executive Officer and President. The Board of Directors will be exploring candidates for the position of Chief Executive Officer.

Our management team has limited experience managing a public company and we will incur significantly increased costs and devote substantial management time as a result of operating as a public company.

Most members of our management team have limited experience managing a publicly traded company, interacting with public company investors, and complying with the increasingly complex laws, rules, and regulations that govern public companies. As a public company, we are subject to significant obligations relating to reporting, procedures and internal controls, and our management team may not successfully or efficiently manage such obligations. These obligations and scrutiny will require significant attention from our management and could divert their attention away from the day-to-day management of our business, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations, and financial condition. We expect that compliance with these requirements will increase our compliance costs. We will need to hire additional accounting, financial, and legal staff with appropriate public company experience and technical accounting knowledge and will need to establish an internal audit function. We cannot predict or estimate the amount of additional costs we may incur as a result of becoming a public company or the timing of these costs.

We may be subject to litigation from time to time during the normal course of business, which may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Although we are not currently subject to any material pending litigation proceedings, from time to time in the normal course of business or otherwise, we may become subject to litigation that may result in liability material to our financial statements as a whole or may negatively affect our operating results if changes to business operation are required. The cost to defend such litigation may be significant and may require a diversion of our resources. There also may be adverse publicity associated with litigation that could negatively affect customer perception of our business, regardless of whether the allegations are valid or whether we are ultimately found liable. As a result, litigation may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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We will be subject to ongoing public reporting requirements that are less rigorous than Exchange Act rules for companies that are not emerging growth companies and our shareholders could receive less information than they might expect to receive from more mature public companies.

Upon the completion of this offering, we will be required to publicly report on an ongoing basis as an “emerging growth company” (as defined in the JOBS Act) under the reporting rules set forth under the Exchange Act. For so long as we remain an emerging growth company, we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other Exchange Act reporting companies that are not emerging growth companies, including but not limited to:

        not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

        being permitted to comply with reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements; and

        being exempt from the requirement to hold a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. In other words, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period. Our financial statements may therefore not be comparable to those of companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

We expect to take advantage of these reporting exemptions until we are no longer an emerging growth company. We would remain an emerging growth company for up to five years, although if the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of any June 30 before that time, we would cease to be an emerging growth company as of the following December 31.

Because we will be subject to ongoing public reporting requirements that are less rigorous than Exchange Act rules for companies that are not emerging growth companies, our shareholders could receive less information than they might expect to receive from more mature public companies. We cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive if we elect to rely on these exemptions, or if taking advantage of these exemptions would result in less active trading or more volatility in the price of our common stock.

If we fail to establish and maintain effective internal controls, our ability to produce accurate financial statements and other disclosures on a timely basis could be impaired.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting. We are continuing to develop and refine our disclosure controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we will file with the SEC is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms and that information required to be disclosed in reports under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), is accumulated and communicated to our principal executive and financial officers.

We are also continuing to expand our internal controls over financial reporting. In order to maintain and improve the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting, we have expended, and anticipate that we will continue to expend, significant resources, including accounting-related costs, and significant management oversight. If any of these new or improved controls and systems do not perform as expected, we may experience material weaknesses in our controls. Our current controls and any new controls that we develop may become inadequate because of changes in conditions in our business. Further, weaknesses in our disclosure controls and internal control over financial reporting may be discovered in the future. Any failure to develop or maintain effective controls or any difficulties encountered in their implementation or improvement could harm our results of operations or cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations and may result in a restatement of our financial statements for prior periods. Any failure to implement and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting also could adversely affect the results of periodic management evaluations and annual independent registered public accounting firm attestation reports regarding the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting that we will eventually be required to include in our periodic reports that will be filed with the SEC.

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We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting in connection with the preparation of our financial statements for the periods ended September 30, 2021 and 2022, and the fiscal years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, and may identify additional material weaknesses in the future that may cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations or result in material misstatements of our financial statements. If we fail to remediate our material weakness or if we fail to establish and maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results, meet our reporting obligations, or prevent fraud. Failure to comply with requirements to design, implement and maintain effective internal controls or any inability to report and file our financial results accurately and timely could harm our business and adversely impact the trading price of our securities.

Prior to this offering, we were a private company and had limited accounting and financial reporting personnel and other resources with which to address our internal controls and procedures. In connection with the review of our consolidated financial statements for the period ended September 30, 2021 and the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 included in this prospectus, our management identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Specifically, we identified certain payments made that were not in accordance with our policies, including reimbursement of expenses more than amounts owed, reimbursement of expenses without adequate documentation, and inadequate reporting of amounts paid to contractors.

The material weaknesses identified by management are related to material errors over our financial reporting which required the restatement of our financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021 and the nine-month period ended September 30, 2021. Specifically, these material weaknesses relate to the following:

        Material out of period adjustments over our accounting of deferred offering cost and debt discount fees related to the Boustead Securities, LLC underwriting and financing fee agreement. The Boustead Securities LLC fees were not recorded in the year ended December 31, 2021 and the nine-month period ended September 30, 2021.

        For the year ended December 31, 2021 and the nine-month period ended September 30, 2021, the Company did not properly account for its principal stockholder share-based payment awards. The principal stockholder share-based payment awards required the Company to record the value of the compensation as share-based compensation as performance conditions were met. The share-based compensation expenses were not recorded in the year ended December 31, 2021 and the nine-month period ended September 30, 2021.

The restatement matters were primarily the result of our lack of internal controls over completeness of contract recording and accounting personnel that lack experience in SEC reporting regulation.

As part of our plan to remediate these material weaknesses, we have adopted the following remediation efforts to improve our internal controls:

        Hired incremental financial staff

        Established separation of duties for cash payments

        Instituted new policies for:

        Expense and payment approvals

        Payment procedures that include segregation of duties

        Travel and entertainment reimbursement (revisions of previous policies)

        Ethics

        Reviewed payments to contractors

        Reinforced policies regarding board approval of all material contracts

        Will be retaining experienced accounting personnel that have experience in SEC reporting regulation after the IPO is completed.

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Risks Related to the Advertising Technology Industry, Market and Competition

The digital advertising market is relatively new, dependent on growth in various digital advertising channels, and vulnerable to adverse public perceptions and increased regulatory responses. If this market develops more slowly or differently than we expect, or if issues encountered by other participants or the industry generally are imputed to or affect us, our business, growth prospects and financial condition would be adversely affected. Our technology could become obsolete and increased competition could adversely affect our business.

The digital advertising market is relatively new, and our solution may not achieve or sustain high levels of demand and market acceptance. While display advertising has been used successfully for many years, marketing via new digital advertising channels, such as mobile and social media and digital video advertising, is not as well established. The future growth of our business could be constrained by the level of acceptance and expansion of emerging digital advertising channels, as well as the continued use and growth of existing channels, such as digital display advertising, in which our capabilities are more established.

Further, the digital advertising industry is complex, and evolving, and there are relatively few publicly traded companies operating in the business. Consequently, the digital advertising industry may not be as widely followed or understood in the financial markets as more mature industries. Problems experienced by one industry participant (even private companies) or issues affecting a part of the business have the potential to have adverse effects on other participants in the industry or even the entire industry. Emerging understanding of how the digital advertising industry operates has spurred privacy concerns and misgivings about exploitation of consumer information and prompted regulatory responses that limit operational flexibility and impose compliance costs upon industry participants. As a general matter the digital advertising business is relatively new and digital advertising companies and their specific product and service offerings are not well understood.

Any expansion of the market for digital advertising solutions depends on several factors, including social and regulatory acceptance, the growth of the digital advertising market, the growth of social, mobile and video as advertising channels, and the actual or perceived technological viability, quality, cost, performance and value associated with emerging digital advertising solutions. If demand for digital display advertising and adoption of automation does not continue to grow, or if digital advertising solutions or advertising automation do not achieve widespread adoption, or there is a reduction in demand for digital advertising caused by weakening economic conditions, decreases in corporate spending, quality, viewability, malware issues or other issues associated with buyers, advertising channels or inventory, negative perceptions of digital advertising, additional regulatory requirements, or other factors, or if we fail to develop or acquire capabilities to meet the evolving business and regulatory requirements and needs of buyers and sellers of multi-channel advertising, our competitive position will be weakened and our revenue and results of operations could be harmed.

Our future operating results depend on market adoption by both advertisers and publishers, which could take a long period of time or may not happen at all. Any delay or failure to adopt by either Media Buyers or Media Sellers could delay revenue or recognition of revenue.

We operate in an intensely competitive market that includes companies that have greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do. If we do not effectively compete against current and future competitors, our business, results of operations, and financial condition could be harmed.

There are other competitors which have vast access to resources and could have the ability to replicate a similar business model in time or with a highly scalable and financially rigorous transaction platform. Our ability to compete successfully depends on elements both within and outside of our control. We will face significant competition from major global companies as well as smaller companies focused on specific market niches. In addition, companies not currently in direct competition with us may introduce competing products in the future.

Our inability to compete effectively could materially adversely affect our business and results of operations. Products or technologies developed by competitors that are larger and have more substantial research and development budgets, or that are smaller and more targeted in their development efforts, may render our products or technologies obsolete or noncompetitive. We also may be unable to market and sell our products if they are not competitive on the basis of price, quality, technical performance, execution, features, system compatibility, customized design, innovation, availability, delivery timing and/or reliability. If we fail to compete effectively on developing strategic relationships with customers, our sales and revenue may be materially adversely affected. Competitive pressures may limit our ability to transact business, raise prices, and any inability to maintain revenue or raise prices to offset increases in costs could have a significant adverse effect on our gross margin. Reduced sales and lower gross margins would materially adversely affect our business and results of operations.

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Technology breaches or failures, including those resulting from a malicious cyber-attack on us or our business partners and service providers, could disrupt or otherwise negatively impact our business.

We will rely on information technology systems, including systems of Nasdaq Technology AB (“Nasdaq”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Nasdaq, Inc., as part of our agreement with Nasdaq to process, transmit, store and protect the electronic information, financial data and proprietary models that are critical to our business. Furthermore, a significant portion of the communications between our employees and our business, banking and investment partners depends on information technology and electronic information exchange. Like all companies, our information technology systems and Nasdaq’s are vulnerable to data breaches, interruptions or failures due to events that may be beyond our control, including, but not limited to, natural disasters, theft, terrorist attacks, computer viruses, hackers and general technology failures.

Errors or failures in our software and transaction systems with Nasdaq could adversely affect our operating results and growth prospects. Moreover, errors in debugging or breaks in our system could create delay in publisher and advertiser adoption, which would have adverse effect on our business.

We believe that we have established and implemented appropriate security measures, controls and procedures to safeguard our information technology systems and to prevent unauthorized access to such systems and any data processed or stored in such systems and procedures. Despite these safeguards, disruptions to and breaches of our information technology systems are possible and may negatively impact our business. We have not secured insurance coverage designed to specifically protect us from an economic loss resulting from such events.

Our future success is dependent on Internet technology developments and our ability to adapt to these and other technological changes and to meet evolving industry standards.

Our ability to operate our business is dependent on the development and maintenance of Internet technology as well as our ability to adapt our solutions to changes in Internet technology.

We may encounter difficulties responding to these and other technological changes that could delay our introduction of products and services. The software and tech industries are characterized by rapid technological change and obsolescence, frequent product introduction, and evolving industry standards. Our future success will, to a significant extent, depend on our ability to enhance our existing products, develop and introduce new products, satisfy an expanded range of customer needs, and achieve market acceptance. We may not have sufficient resources to make the necessary investments to develop and implement the technological advances required to operate our business or maintain a competitive position.

Our intellectual property is valuable and integral to our success and competitive position. Any misuse of our intellectual property by others could harm our business, reputation and competitive position.

Our patent, copyrights, trade secrets and designs are valuable and integral to our success and competitive position. Despite our efforts to protect our intellectual property rights, we cannot assure you that we will be able to adequately protect our proprietary rights through reliance on a combination of patent, copyrights, trade secrets, confidentiality procedures, contractual provisions and technical measures from outside influences. Protection of trade secrets and other intellectual property rights in the markets in which we operate and compete is highly uncertain and may involve complex legal questions. In addition, the laws of various foreign countries may not protect our intellectual property rights to the same extent as laws in the United States. We cannot completely prevent the unauthorized use or infringement of our intellectual property rights, as such prevention is inherently difficult.

We also expect that the more successful we are, the more likely that competitors will try to illegally use our proprietary information and develop products that are like ours, which may infringe on our proprietary rights. In addition, we could potentially lose future trade secret protection for our source code if any unauthorized disclosure of such code occurs. The loss of future trade secret protection could make it easier for third parties to devise and implement competitive products (and services) more easily. Any changes in, or unexpected interpretations of, the trade secret and other intellectual property laws in any country in which we operate may compromise our ability to enforce our trade secret and intellectual property rights. Costly and time-consuming litigation could be necessary to enforce and determine the scope of our confidential information and trade secret protection. If we are unable to protect our proprietary rights or if third parties independently develop or gain access to our or similar technologies, our business, service revenue, reputation and competitive position could be materially adversely affected.

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We may be subject to intellectual property rights claims by third parties, which are extremely costly to defend, could require us to pay significant damages and could limit our ability to use certain technologies.

Third parties may assert claims of infringement of intellectual property rights in proprietary technology against us or against our advertisers for which we may be liable or have an indemnification obligation. Any claim of infringement by a third party, even those without merit, could cause us to incur substantial costs defending against the claim and could distract our management from operating our business. We might not have the necessary capital to defend against any potential claims which could adversely affect our business. There can be no assurance that any patents which we may file will be granted by the USPTO and foreign patent applications in the future.

Although third parties may offer a license to their technology, the terms of any offered license may not be acceptable and the failure to obtain a license or the costs associated with any license could cause our business, financial condition and results of operations to be materially and adversely affected. In addition, some licenses may be non-exclusive, and therefore our competitors may have access to the same technology licensed to us. Alternatively, we may be required to develop non-infringing technology, which could require significant effort and expense and ultimately may not be successful. Furthermore, a successful claimant could secure a judgment, or we may agree to a settlement that prevents us from distributing certain products or performing certain services or that requires us to pay substantial damages, including treble damages if we are found to have willfully infringed such claimant’s patents or copyrights, royalties or other fees. Any of these events could seriously harm our business financial condition and results of operations.

Risks Relating to our Technological Relationship with Nasdaq

If the NYIAX/Nasdaq platform does not operate up to technological expectations, we may be adversely affected.

We expect to be dependent on relationships with third parties particularly our agreements with Nasdaq to successfully commercialize our planned product lines. Our relationship with Nasdaq is critical to our commercial success and any deterioration or termination of this relationship would result in a material adverse effect on our business and could cause us to cease operations.

Publishers and advertisers may not migrate to the NYIAX platform and continue to use other existing platforms in the market. In such case, the Company will not meet its requisite minimum revenue goals for its agreement with Nasdaq, which could cause the Company to scale down or discontinue its operations.

If the NYIAX/Nasdaq platform does not operate up to technological expectations with respect to functionality and efficiency as compared to its competitors, it is unlikely that publishers and advertisers will continue to use the system thereby adversely affecting the Company’s ability to conduct business and its future operations and financial results.

Our technological relationship with NASDAQ is not an endorsement by NASDAQ of our company, this Offering, the value of the securities being offered, the success or failure of this Offering or the approval by NASDAQ of a listing of our Common Stock.

We have entered into commercial agreements with Nasdaq Technology AB (“NASDAQ”) to build the NYIAX platform. Our commercial relationship with Nasdaq should not be viewed as an endorsement by NASDAQ of our company, this Offering, the value of the securities being offered, the success or failure of this Offering or the approval by NASDAQ of a listing of our Common Stock. Nasdaq has not endorsed our securities or this offering and our commercial relationship with Nasdaq does not have any bearing on whether our application to list our common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market will be approved. Investors should not view our relationship or agreement with NASDAQ as anything other than a commercial agreement among two unrelated parties.

Risk Relating to Possible Regulation and Supervision

Interest-based advertising, or the use of data to draw inferences about a user’s interests and deliver relevant advertising to that user, has come under increasing scrutiny by legislative, regulatory, and self-regulatory bodies in the United States and abroad that focus on consumer protection or data privacy. There may be some self-regulatory activities with regard to rules enforcement and market surveillance required by us in order to maintain an orderly market and forestall any external regulation needs.

We do not believe that our current activities and services provided to buyers and sellers of advertising trigger SEC securities regulation or futures/derivatives regulation of the United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”). If in the future our services and products are expanded to include products and/or services that could trigger regulatory

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oversight by a market regulator (e.g. CFTC and/or SEC), we will engage with the appropriate regulator in a timely manner to ensure full compliance with applicable statute and regulations. There can be no assurance that we will be able to comply with future regulatory requirements, in which case we could be forced to discontinue applicable operations.

Risks Related to the Offering, Our Securities and the Securities Markets.

Our officers have broad discretion in the use of proceeds.

The executive officers of the Company will have broad discretion in allocating the net proceeds of the Offering, including for any of the purposes described in the section entitled “Use of Proceeds”, which creates uncertainty for shareholders and could adversely affect the Company’s business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations. You will not have the opportunity as part of your investment decision to assess whether our management is using the net proceeds appropriately. You must rely on the judgment of our management regarding the application of the net proceeds of this offering. Because of the number and variability of factors that will determine our use of our net proceeds from this offering, their ultimate use may vary substantially from their currently intended use. Pending their use, we may invest our net proceeds from this offering in short-term, investment-grade, interest-bearing securities. The net proceeds may be used for corporate or other purposes with which you do not agree or that do not improve our profitability or increase our share price. The net proceeds from this offering may also be placed in investments that do not produce income or that lose value.

We have no dividend policy.

The Company does not presently intend to pay cash dividends in the near future, as any earnings must be retained for use in current operations. Investors must not look to an investment in the Company as a source of cash distributions.

There is potential future dilution to our current shareholders’ ownership in the Company.

The Company intends to raise additional capital in the future for working capital and business expansion. As a result, our shareholders will likely experience significant dilution of their ownership in the Company.

Except as otherwise indicated herein, the number of shares of common stock outstanding before this offering and that will be outstanding after this offering is based on 12,370,002 shares of common stock outstanding as of the date of this prospectus and excludes:

i.       a total of 2,122,011 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants;

ii.      a total of 3,086,626 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of options;

iii.     a number of shares of common stock issuable (1,452,180 as of the date thereof) upon the conversion of the 2022 Convertible Note Payable and the 2023 Convertible Note Payable, including an aggregate principal amount of $2,820,000* (excluding deferred debt discount and amortization of discount) and accrued payment-in-kind interest of approximately $84,360 through the date thereof (and approximately $28,200 accruing monthly), at a conversion price of $2.00; and

iv.      150,000 restricted share units to be awarded to director nominee upon becoming a member of the Board granted under our equity compensation plans, which will be registered under registration statements on Form S-8 that we plan to file immediately after the consummation of this offering.

You will experience immediate and substantial dilution as a result of this offering.

As of September 30, 2022, our net tangible book value was approximately ($1.6 million) or approximately ($0.13) per share. Since the effective price per share of our common stock being offered in this offering is substantially higher than the net tangible book value per share of our common stock, you will suffer substantial dilution with respect to the net tangible book value of the common stock you purchase in this offering. Based on the assumed public offering price of $5.00 per share of common stock being sold in this offering, which is the midpoint of the estimated offering range set

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*        Of the $2,820,000 2022 Convertible and 2023 Convertible Notes that have been sold, $2,635,404 of common stock plus accrued interest of approximately $81,300 through the date thereof, at a conversion price of $2.00 the Company issuable upon the conversion will be registered in this registration statement.

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forth on the cover page of this prospectus, our net tangible book value per share as of September 30, 2022, if you purchase shares of common stock in this offering at the assumed public offering price of $5.00 per share of common stock (the midpoint of the estimated offering range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus), you will suffer immediate and substantial dilution of $4.78 per share (or $4.58 per share if the underwriters exercise the over-allotment option in full) with respect to the net tangible book value of the common stock. See the section titled “Dilution” for a more detailed discussion of the dilution you will experience if you purchase securities in this offering.

If securities industry analysts do not publish research reports on us, or publish unfavorable reports on us, then the market price and market trading volume of our common stock could be negatively affected.

Any trading market for our common stock may be influenced in part by any research reports that securities industry analysts publish about us. We do not currently have and may never obtain research coverage by securities industry analysts. If no securities industry analysts commence coverage of us, the market price and market trading volume of our common stock could be negatively affected. In the event we are covered by analysts, and one or more of such analysts downgrade our securities, or otherwise reports on us unfavorably, or discontinues coverage of us, the market price and market trading volume of our common stock could be negatively affected.

Future issuances of our common stock or securities convertible into, or exercisable or exchangeable for, our common stock, or the expiration of lock-up agreements that restrict the issuance of new common stock or the trading of outstanding common stock, could cause the market price of our common stock to decline and would result in the dilution of your holdings.

Future issuances of our common stock or securities convertible into, or exercisable or exchangeable for, our common stock, or the expiration of lock-up agreements that restrict the issuance of new common stock or the trading of outstanding common stock, could cause the market price of our common stock to decline. We cannot predict the effect, if any, of future issuances of our securities, or the future expirations of lock-up agreements, on the price of our common stock. In all events, future issuances of our common stock would result in the dilution of your holdings. In addition, the perception that new issuances of our securities could occur, or the perception that locked-up parties will sell their securities when the lock-ups expire, could adversely affect the market price of our common stock. In connection with this offering, we will enter into a lock-up agreement that prevents us, subject to certain exceptions, from offering additional shares of capital stock for up to 9 months after the closing of this offering, as further described in the section titled “Underwriting.” In addition to any adverse effects that may arise upon the expiration of these lock-up agreements, the lock-up provisions in these agreements may be waived, at any time and without notice. If the restrictions under the lock-up agreements are waived, our common stock may become available for resale, subject to applicable law, including without notice, which could reduce the market price for our common stock.

Future issuances of debt securities, which would rank senior to our common stock upon our bankruptcy or liquidation, and future issuances of preferred stock, which could rank senior to our common stock for the purposes of dividends and liquidating distributions, may adversely affect the level of return you may be able to achieve from an investment in our common stock.

In the future, we may attempt to increase our capital resources by offering debt securities. Upon bankruptcy or liquidation, holders of our debt securities, and lenders with respect to other borrowings we may make, would receive distributions of our available assets prior to any distributions being made to holders of our common stock. Moreover, if we issue preferred stock, the holders of such preferred stock could be entitled to preferences over holders of common stock in respect of the payment of dividends and the payment of liquidating distributions. Because our decision to issue debt or preferred stock in any future offering, or borrow money from lenders, will depend in part on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of any such future offerings or borrowings. Holders of our common stock must bear the risk that any future offerings we conduct or borrowings we make may adversely affect the level of return, if any, they may be able to achieve from an investment in our common stock.

If our shares of common stock become subject to the penny stock rules, it would become more difficult to trade our shares.

The SEC has adopted rules that regulate broker-dealer practices in connection with transactions in penny stocks. Penny stocks are generally equity securities with a price of less than $5.00, other than securities registered on certain national securities exchanges or authorized for quotation on certain automated quotation systems, provided that current price and volume information with respect to transactions in such securities is provided by the exchange or system. If we do not

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retain a listing on Nasdaq or another national securities exchange and if the price of our common stock is less than $5.00, our common stock could be deemed a penny stock. The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, before a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from those rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document containing specified information. In addition, the penny stock rules require that before effecting any transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from those rules, a broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive (i) the purchaser’s written acknowledgment of the receipt of a risk disclosure statement; (ii) a written agreement to transactions involving penny stocks; and (iii) a signed and dated copy of a written suitability statement. These disclosure requirements may have the effect of reducing the trading activity in the secondary market for our common stock, and therefore shareholders may have difficulty selling their shares.

There has been no public market for our common stock prior to this offering, and an active market in which investors can resell their shares of our common stock may not develop.

Prior to this offering and the sales of our common stock by the selling shareholders pursuant to the Resale Prospectus filed contemporaneously herewith, there has been no public market for our common stock. We have applied to list of our common stock on Nasdaq Stock Market under the symbol “NYX.” There is no guarantee that Nasdaq, or any other exchange or quotation system, will permit our common stock to be listed and traded. If we fail to obtain a listing on Nasdaq, we may seek quotation on the OTCQX Best Market or OTCQB Venture Market operated by OTC Markets Group Inc. These markets are inter-dealer, over-the-counter markets that provide significantly less liquidity than Nasdaq.

Even if our common stock is approved for listing on Nasdaq, a liquid public market for our common stock may not develop. The initial public offering price for our common stock has been determined by negotiation between us and the underwriters based upon several factors, including prevailing market conditions, our historical performance, estimates of our business potential and earnings prospects, and the market valuations of similar companies. The price at which the common stock is traded after this offering and the sales of our common stock by the selling shareholders pursuant to the Resale Prospectus filed contemporaneously herewith may decline below the initial public offering price, meaning that you may experience a decrease in the value of your common stock regardless of our operating performance or prospects.

The market price of our common stock is likely to be volatile, and purchasers of our common stock could lose all or part of your investment.

After this offering and the sales of our common stock by the selling shareholders pursuant to the Resale Prospectus filed contemporaneously herewith, the market price for our common stock is likely to be volatile, in part because our shares have not been traded publicly. In addition, the market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly in response to several factors, most of which we cannot control, including:

        actual or anticipated variations in our periodic operating results;

        increases in market interest rates that lead investors of our common stock to demand a higher investment return;

        changes in earnings estimates;

        changes in market valuations of similar companies;

        actions or announcements by our competitors;

        adverse market reaction to any increased indebtedness we may incur in the future;

        additions or departures of key personnel;

        actions by shareholders;

        speculation in the media, online forums, or investment community; and

        our intentions and ability to list our common stock on Nasdaq and our subsequent ability to maintain such listing.

The public offering price of our common stock has been determined by negotiations between us and the underwriters based upon many factors and may not be indicative of prices that will prevail following the closing of this offering and the sales of our common stock by the selling shareholders pursuant to the Resale Prospectus filed contemporaneously herewith. Volatility in the market price of our common stock may prevent investors from being able to sell their common stock at or above the initial public offering price. As a result, you may suffer a loss on your investment.

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We may experience extreme stock price volatility unrelated to our actual or expected operating performance, financial condition or prospects, making it difficult for prospective investors to assess the rapidly changing value of our common stock.

Recently, there have been instances of extreme stock price run-ups followed by rapid price declines and strong stock price volatility with a number of recent initial public offerings, especially among companies with relatively smaller public floats. As a relatively small-capitalization company with relatively small public float, we may experience greater stock price volatility, extreme price run-ups, lower trading volume and less liquidity than large-capitalization companies. In particular, our common stock may be subject to rapid and substantial price volatility, low volumes of trades and large spreads in bid and ask prices. Such volatility, including any stock-run up, may be unrelated to our actual or expected operating performance, financial condition or prospects, making it difficult for prospective investors to assess the rapidly changing value of our common stock.

In addition, if the trading volumes of our common stock are low, persons buying or selling in relatively small quantities may easily influence prices of our common stock. This low volume of trades could also cause the price of our common stock to fluctuate greatly, with large percentage changes in price occurring in any trading day session. Holders of our common stock may also not be able to readily liquidate their investment or may be forced to sell at depressed prices due to low volume trading. Broad market fluctuations and general economic and political conditions may also adversely affect the market price of our common stock. As a result of this volatility, investors may experience losses on their investment in our common stock. A decline in the market price of our common stock also could adversely affect our ability to issue additional common stock or other securities and our ability to obtain additional financing in the future. No assurance can be given that an active market in our common stock will develop or be sustained. If an active market does not develop, holders of our common stock may be unable to readily sell the common stock they hold or may not be able to sell their common stock at all.

The offering price of the primary offering and resale offering could differ.

The offering price of our common stock in the initial public offering has been determined by negotiations between us and the underwriters. The offering price in the initial public offering bears no relationship to our assets, earnings or book value, or any other objective standard of value. The selling shareholders may sell the resale shares at prevailing market prices or privately negotiated prices after close of the offering and listing of the common stock on Nasdaq. Therefore, the offering prices of the initial public offering and resale offering could differ. As a result, the purchasers in the resale offering could pay more or less than the offering price in the primary offering.

The Resale by the Selling Shareholders may cause the market price of our common stock to decline.

The resale of shares of our common stock by the selling shareholders, as well as the issuance of our common stock in this offering could result in resales of our common stock by our current shareholders concerned about the potential dilution of their holdings. In addition, the resale by the selling shareholders after expiration of the lock-up period could have the effect of depressing the market price for our common stock.

We may not be able to satisfy listing requirements of Nasdaq or obtain or maintain a listing of our common stock on Nasdaq.

If our common stock is listed on Nasdaq, we must meet certain financial and liquidity criteria to maintain such listing. If we violate Nasdaq’s listing requirements, or if we fail to meet any of Nasdaq’s listing standards, our common stock may be delisted. In addition, our Board of Directors may determine that the cost of maintaining our listing on a national securities exchange outweighs the benefits of such listing. A delisting of our common stock from Nasdaq may materially impair our shareholders’ ability to buy and sell our common stock and could have an adverse effect on the market price of, and the efficiency of the trading market for, our common stock. The delisting of our common stock could significantly impair our ability to raise capital and the value of your investment.

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Our officers and directors may own a majority of our outstanding common stock after this offering. As a result, it may have the ability to approve all matters submitted to our shareholders for approval.

Our officers and directors will own approximately 25.2% of our outstanding common stock following this offering, or approximately 24.9% if the underwriters exercise the over-allotment option in full. Such persons therefore may have the ability to approve all matters submitted to our shareholders for approval including:

        election of our board of directors;

        removal of any of our directors;

        any amendments to our articles of incorporation or our bylaws; and

        adoption of measures that could delay or prevent a change in control or impede a merger, takeover or other business combination involving us.

In addition, this concentration of ownership may discourage a potential acquirer from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us, which in turn could reduce our stock price or prevent our shareholders from realizing a premium over our stock price.

The Selling Shareholders will be able to sell their shares after the completion of this offering subject to restrictions under Rule 144 under the Securities Act, which could impact the trading price of our Ordinary Shares.

12,370,002 shares of our common stock are issued and outstanding as of the date of this prospectus. Our selling shareholders may be able to sell their shares of common stock under Rule 144 after the completion of this offering. Because these selling shareholders have paid a lower price per share than participants in this offering, when they are able to sell their pre-IPO shares under Rule 144, they may be more willing to accept a lower sales price than the IPO price, which could impact the trading price of our common stock following the completion of the offering, to the detriment of participants in this offering. Under Rule 144, before the selling shareholders can sell their shares, in addition to meeting other requirements, they must meet the required holding period.

We expect to incur significant additional costs as a result of being a public company, which may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Upon completion of this offering and the sales of our common stock by the selling shareholders pursuant to the Resale Prospectus filed contemporaneously herewith, we expect to incur costs associated with corporate governance requirements that will become applicable to us as a public company, including rules and regulations of the SEC, under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, and the Exchange Act, as well as the rules of the Nasdaq. These rules and regulations are expected to significantly increase our accounting, legal and financial compliance costs and make some activities more time-consuming. We also expect these rules and regulations to make it more expensive for us to obtain and maintain directors’ and officers’ liability insurance. As a result, it may be more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our board of directors or as executive officers. Accordingly, increases in costs incurred as a result of becoming a publicly traded company may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Company may not receive all of the proceeds from the 2022 Convertible Note Offering.

We expect to use the proceeds from our 2022 Convertible Note Offering (as defined elsewhere in this prospectus) for general corporate purposes. We may not receive sufficient proceeds from the 2022 Convertible Note Offering to fund general corporate purposes, or we may be able to complete the 2022 Convertible Note Offering on favourable terms or at all.

Our stockholders will experience additional dilution due to the 2022 Convertible Note Offering and the 2023 Convertible Note Offering.

On July 7, 2022 and January 10, 2023, we commenced the 2022 Convertible Note Offering and the 2023 Convertible Note Offering (as defined elsewhere in this prospectus), respectively.

Pursuant to the 2022 Convertible Note Offering we offered up to $6,000,000 of convertible notes to accredited investors. The 2022 Convertible Note Offering was extended to November 30, 2022, the terms have been amended and the 2022 Convertible Note Offering has closed. A total of $2,570,000 of the 2022 Convertible Notes were sold. The 2022 Convertible Notes bear interest at twelve percent (12.0%) per annum, which shall be paid as a Payment-in-Kind in our

 

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common stock valued, at $2.00 per share, at the maturity date of the notes. The notes automatically convert into our common stock immediately prior to our receipt of an effective order from the SEC declaring this registration statement effective. Shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the 2022 Convertible Notes are being registered in this registration statement. Additionally, we have granted holders of 2022 Convertible Notes registration rights to register shares of our common stock in registration statements filed by us within 18 months from the 2022 Convertible Note Offering closing date. The additional shares of our common stock issuable upon automatic conversion of the notes and/or exercise of these registration rights could cause the market price of our common stock to decline. In addition, the notes automatically convertible into equity securities would result in dilution of our existing stockholders’ equity interest.

Pursuant to the 2023 Convertible Note Offering we offered up to $500,000 of convertible notes to accredited investors. The closing of the offering is occurred on January 19, 2023. The 2023 Convertible Notes bear interest at twelve percent (12.0%) per annum, which shall be paid as a Payment-in-Kind in our common stock valued, at $2.00 per share, at the maturity date of the notes. The notes automatically convert into our common stock immediately prior to our receipt of an effective order from the SEC declaring this registration statement effective. Shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the 2022 Convertible Notes are being registered in this registration statement. Additionally, we have granted holders of 2023 Convertible Notes registration rights to register shares of our common stock in registration statements filed by us within 18 months from the 2023 Convertible Note Offering closing date. The additional shares of our common stock issuable upon automatic conversion of the notes and/or exercise of these registration rights could cause the market price of our common stock to decline. In addition, the notes automatically convertible into equity securities would result in dilution of our existing stockholders’ equity interest. As of the date hereof, a total of approximately $250,000 of the 2023 Convertible Notes have been sold.

Our management will have broad discretion in the use of the net proceeds from the 2022 Convertible Note Offering and the 2023 Convertible Note Offering.

Our management will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds from the 2022 Convertible Note Offering and the 2023 Convertible Note Offering (defined elsewhere in this prospectus) and you will not have the opportunity as part of your investment decision to assess whether such proceeds are being used appropriately. Because of the number and variability of factors that will determine our use of our existing cash and the net proceeds from the 2022 Convertible Note Offering and the 2023 Convertible Note Offering, their ultimate use may vary substantially from their currently intended use. Our management might not apply our existing cash and the net proceeds from 2022 Convertible Note Offering and the 2023 Convertible Note Offering in ways that ultimately increase the value of your investment. The failure by our management to apply these funds effectively could harm our business. If we do not apply the net proceeds from the 2022 Convertible Note Offering and the 2023 Convertible Note Offering in ways that enhance stockholder value, we may fail to achieve expected financial results, which could cause our stock price to decline.

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus contains “forward-looking statements,” which include information relating to future events, future financial performance, financial projections, strategies, expectations, competitive environment and regulation. Words such as “may,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” and similar expressions, as well as statements in future tense, identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results and may not be accurate indications of when such performance or results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information we have when those statements are made or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause such differences include, but are not limited to:

        our current and future capital requirements to support our operations;

        our ability to maintain or protect the validity of our intellectual property;

        our ability to retain key executive members;

        our ability to hire and continue to hire qualified personnel;

        our ability to maintain and continue acceptance within the advertisement and technology industry;

        competitors and competition;

        technology development and maintain high standards of technology development;

        our cash on hand and continued investment;

        the accuracy of our estimates regarding expenses and capital requirements;

        our technology relationship with Nasdaq; and

        regulation.

Moreover, new risks regularly emerge and it is not possible for our management to predict or articulate all risks we face, nor can we assess the impact of all risks on our business or the extent to which any risk, or combination of risks, may cause actual results to differ from those contained in any forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements included in this prospectus are based on information available to us on the date of this prospectus. Except to the extent required by applicable laws or rules, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained above and throughout this prospectus.

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USE OF PROCEEDS

We estimate that the net proceeds to us from this offering will be approximately $7.0 million, assuming an initial public offering price of $5.00 per share, which is the midpoint of the estimated range of the initial public offering price, after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us. If the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full, we estimate that our net proceeds will be approximately $8.0 million, after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

We intend to use the net proceeds from this offering primarily (i) for general corporate purposes, including working capital, capital expenditures, and operating expenses, including expanding the business development team,; (ii) for development of new applications and features for, and enhancements of, our technology platform; (iii) to acquire complementary businesses or technology; and (iv) to hire additional resources to support our product development. We do not presently have any agreements or commitments to engage in any of the actions contemplated in the foregoing sentence. As a result, we will have broad discretion over how to use the remaining proceeds from this offering. We also intend to use the net proceeds of this offering to pay Boustead Securities, LLC, or Boustead, to fulfill a payment obligation required pursuant to an engagement letter agreement between us and Boustead.

Each $1.00 increase or decrease in the assumed initial public offering price of $5.00 per share, which is the midpoint of the estimated offering range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, would increase or decrease the net proceeds that we receive from this offering by approximately $1,472,000, assuming that the number of shares offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same and after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions payable by us.

The foregoing represents our current intentions to use and allocate the net proceeds of this offering based upon our present plans and business conditions. Our management, however, will have broad discretion in the way that we use the net proceeds of this offering. Pending the final application of the net proceeds of this offering, we intend to invest the net proceeds of this offering in short-term, interest-bearing, investment-grade securities. See “Risk Factors — Risks Related to This Offering and Ownership of Our Common Shares — We have considerable discretion as to the use of the net proceeds from this offering and we may use these proceeds in ways with which you may not agree.”

The timing and amount of our actual expenditures will be based on many factors, including cash flows from operations and the anticipated growth of our business. We have not yet determined the exact amount of net proceeds to be used specifically for any particular purpose or the timing of these expenditures. Pending their use, we intend to invest the net proceeds to us from this offering in short-term and long-term, investment-grade, interest-bearing instruments.

Management has concluded that there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. Management further believes that the net proceeds from this offering, together with our existing cash will enable us to fund our operations through at least the next 12 months. We have based this estimate on assumptions that may prove to be wrong, and we could use our available capital resources sooner than we expect.

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DIVIDEND POLICY

We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our capital stock. We currently intend to retain all available funds and any future earnings, if any, to fund the development and expansion of our business and we do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future determination related to dividend policy will be made at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend upon, among other factors, our results of operations, financial condition, capital requirements, tax considerations, legal or contractual restrictions, business prospects, the requirements of current or then-existing debt instruments, general economic conditions and other factors our Board of Directors may deem relevant.

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CAPITALIZATION

The following table sets forth our cash and our capitalization as of September 30, 2022:

        on an actual basis;

        on an as adjusted basis to give effect to the sale of $8,200,000 of shares of common stock in this offering at the assumed public offering price of $5.00 per share (the midpoint of the estimated offering range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus), and after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us; and

The as adjusted information below is illustrative only and our capitalization following the completion of this offering is subject to adjustment based on the actual public offering price of our common stock and other terms of this offering determined at pricing.

You should read this table together with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Description of Capital Stock” and our financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus.

 

As of September 30, 2022

   

Actual

 

As Adjusted

   

(in thousands, except share data)

Cash

 

$

833,552

 

 

$

7,376,167

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible notes payable

 

$

1,028,859

 

 

 

1,028,859

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, par value $0.0001 per share; 125,000,000 authorized shares, 12,352,942 shares issued and outstanding, actual; 125,000,000 authorized shares; 13,992,942 shares issued and outstanding, as adjusted

 

$

1,234

 

 

 

1,398

 

Preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share; 10,000,000 authorized shares, 0 share issued and outstanding, actual; 10,000,000 authorized shares; 0 share issued and outstanding, as adjusted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

$

49,347,927

 

 

 

55,890,378

 

Accumulated deficit

 

$

(50,539,284

)

 

 

(50,539,284

)

Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)

 

$

(1,190,123

)

 

 

5,352,492

 

If the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option in full, as adjusted cash, additional paid-in capital, total stockholders’ equity and shares of common stock outstanding as of September 30, 2022 would be $8,507,767, 57,021,953, 6,484,092 and 14,238,942 shares, respectively.

Except as otherwise indicated herein, the number of shares of common stock outstanding before this offering and that will be outstanding after this offering is based on 12,370,002 shares of common stock outstanding as of the date of this prospectus and excludes:

i.       a total of 2,122,011 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants;

ii.      a total of 3,086,626 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of options;

iii.     a number of shares of common stock issuable (1,452,180 as of the date thereof) upon the conversion of the 2022 Convertible Note Payable and the 2023 Convertible Note Payable, including an aggregate principal amount of $2,820,000* (excluding deferred debt discount and amortization of discount) and accrued payment-in-kind interest of approximately $84,360 through the date thereof (and approximately $28,200 accruing monthly), at a conversion price of $2.00; and

iv.      150,000 restricted share units to be awarded to director nominee upon becoming a member of the Board granted under our equity compensation plans, which will be registered under registration statements on Form S-8 that we plan to file immediately after the consummation of this offering.

____________

*      Of the $2,820,000 2022 Convertible and 2023 Convertible Notes that have been sold, $2,635,404 of common stock plus accrued interest of approximately $81,300 through the date thereof, at a conversion price of $2.00 the Company issuable upon the conversion will be registered in this registration statement.

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DILUTION

If you invest in this offering, your ownership interest will be diluted to the extent of the difference between the public offering price per share of our common stock and the as adjusted net tangible book value per share of our common stock immediately after the closing of this offering.

Our net tangible book value (deficit) as of September 30, 2022 was approximately ($1.6) million or $(0.13) per share. Net tangible book value (deficit) per share is determined by dividing our total tangible assets, less total liabilities, by the number of shares of our common stock outstanding as of September 30, 2022. Dilution with respect to net tangible book value per share represents the difference between the amount per share paid by purchasers of shares of common stock in this offering and the net tangible book value per share of our common stock immediately after this offering.

After giving effect to the sale of $8,200,000 of shares of our common stock in this offering at the assumed offering price of $5.00 (the midpoint of the estimated offering range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus), and after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions, deferred offering costs, and estimated offering expenses payable by us (estimated to be approximately $1.7 million) and assuming no exercise of the underwriters’ over-allotment option in full, our as adjusted net tangible book value as of September 30, 2022 would have been approximately $4.9 million, or $0.35 per share. This represents an immediate increase in net tangible book value of $0.48 per share to existing stockholders. Investors purchasing our common stock in this offering will have paid $4.78 more than the as adjusted net tangible book value per share after this offering. The following table illustrates this on a per share basis:

Assumed public offering price per share

 

 

 

 

 

$

5.00

 

Net tangible book value (deficit) per share as of September 30, 2022

 

$

(.13

)

 

 

 

 

Increase per share attributable to new investors

 

 

0.35

 

 

 

 

 

As adjusted net tangible book value per share after this offering

 

$

0.22

 

 

 

 

 

As adjusted net tangible book value per share to investors purchasing shares in this offering

 

 

 

 

 

$

0.35

 

Dilution in net tangible book value per share to new investors

 

 

 

 

 

$

4.78

 

Dilution as a percentage of purchase price in the offering

 

 

 

 

 

 

93

%

Each $1.00 increase in the assumed public offering price of $5.00 per share, which is the midpoint of the estimated offering range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, would increase or (decrease) the as adjusted net tangible book value per share after this offering by approximately $0.11.

If the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option in full in this offering, the as adjusted net tangible book value after the offering would be $0.42 per share, the increase in as adjusted net tangible book value per share to existing stockholders would be $0.55 per share and the dilution per share to new investors would be $4.58 per share, in each case assuming a public offering price of $5.00 per share, which is the midpoint of the estimated offering range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus.

Except as otherwise indicated herein, the number of shares of common stock outstanding before this offering and that will be outstanding after this offering is based on 12,370,002 shares of common stock outstanding as of the date of this prospectus and excludes:

i.       a total of 2,122,011 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants;

ii.      a total of 3,086,626 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of options;

iii.     a number of shares of common stock issuable (1,452,180 as of the date thereof) upon the conversion of the 2022 Convertible Note Payable and the 2023 Convertible Note Payable, including an aggregate principal amount of $2,820,000* (excluding deferred debt discount and amortization of discount) and accrued payment-in-kind interest of approximately $84,360 through the date thereof (and approximately $28,200 accruing monthly), at a conversion price of $2.00; and

iv.      150,000 restricted share units to be awarded to director nominee upon becoming a member of the Board granted under our equity compensation plans, which will be registered under registration statements on Form S-8 that we plan to file immediately after the consummation of this offering.

____________

*        Of the $2,820,000 2022 Convertible and 2023 Convertible Notes that have been sold, $2,635,404 of common stock plus accrued interest of approximately $81,300 through the date thereof, at a conversion price of $2.00 the Company issuable upon the conversion will be registered in this registration statement.

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus. This discussion contains forward-looking statements based upon our current plans, estimates, beliefs and expectations that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth under the sections entitled “Risk Factors,” “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and elsewhere in this prospectus.

Revenues

NYIAX’s business model is focused on the creation of a marketplace where the listing of advertising inventory, campaigns and audience can easily be sold through utilization of highly efficient buying and selling technology.

The Company enters into agreements with both the Media Buyers and Media Sellers which set out the terms of the relationship and access to the Company’s platform; the Company considers both the Media Buyers and Media Sellers to be its customers. A media buyer (“Media Buyer”) is typically an advertiser or advertising agency that buys on behalf of an advertiser. Currently, the Media Buyers do not compensate the Company for the use of the platform and other services. A media seller (“Media Seller”) is typically a publisher of content, such as, websites, mobile or desktop applications, podcast, Connected TV (also commonly defined as OTT, over-the-top, and streaming, allowing brands to reach their audience on smart TVs and Internet devices) or other. The Media Sellers compensate the Company for the use of the platform and other services.

NYIAX’s technology platform provides Media Buyers and Media Sellers a marketplace where advertising or audience campaigns are listed, bought, or sold as a durable instrument; thereafter, contract flows directly into the Blockchain for contract management, reconciliation and automation purposes as a count of record. A Blockchain is basically a distributed ledger that tracks transactions among parties, that includes the following fundamental properties applicable to every single transaction: (i) all parties agree that the transaction occurred; (ii) all parties agree on the identities of the individuals participating in the transaction; (iii) all parties agree on the time of the transaction; (iv) the details of the transaction are easy to review and not subject to dispute; and evidence of the transaction persists, unchangeable, over time. The combination of these properties of Blockchain results in a system that, by design, timestamps and records all transactions in a secure and permanent manner, and is easily auditable in the future. Moreover, the ledger is distributed across many participants in the network, and copies are simultaneously updated with every fully participating node in the ecosystem. Due to such distributed nature, the system is highly resilient to downtime. Blockchain allows for immutability, consistency, and continuity of the contracts or advertising contracts from contract formation, execution, and delivery to reconciliation.

NYIAX uses coding through smart contracts (“Smart Contracts”), which are self-executing contracts with the terms of the agreement between buyer and seller being directly written into lines of code. The code and the agreements contained therein exist across a distributed, decentralized Blockchain network, and therefore render transactions traceable, transparent, and irreversible. The use of Smart Contracts allows NYIAX advertising contracts to self-effectuate (reconciling through automation without human intervention), which reduces backend audit and compliance costs for three parties: NYIAX, the Media Buyer and the Media Seller. Finally, all parties to the advertising contracts have the ability to view Blockchain as it populates with the contract formation, execution, and delivery, thereby providing a complete and full audit trail of events and subsequent changes to the contract or advertising contract. To our knowledge, our current implementation of near real time compliance which is displayed to both the advertiser/agency and publisher from contract formation to reconciliation currently does not exist in the advertising industry.

NYIAX connects Media Buyers (brands, advertisers or agencies) and Media Sellers (publishers or media) to execute media advertising sales contracts. NYIAX receives a commission or fee from Media Sellers upon completion of the media advertising contract. NYIAX does not take ownership or positions of the media at any time during the process.

The Company acts as an agent for the Media Seller and is not a principal in the purchase and sale of advertising inventory, data and other add-on features.

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Status

In 2020 and 2019, to scale the NYIAX platform in a commercial environment with publishers and advertising agencies, NYIAX Media Sellers a substantially reduced transaction fees. In 2019 and 2020 NYIAX had a single Media Buyer and a single Media Seller for a single campaign. The platform was being used by these customers and NYIAX. This campaign concluded on December 31, 2020.

In the first quarter of 2021, NYIAX continually reviewed its offering and marketing programs and launched a sales process.

Factors Affecting Our Performance

Development of the NYIAX initial version one platform is in benefiting from client feedback, although further features and user capabilities are expected to be added. NYIAX is currently monetizing the platform by building a sales infrastructure and attracting Media Buyers, Media Sellers, and business partners. A business partner is an advertising agency that represents one or more Media Buyers in acquiring media for use.

NYIAX’s Revenue Drivers:

Media Buyer — An advertiser or advertising agency that buys on behalf of an advertiser.

Business Partner — Typically Media Buyers are represented by advertising agencies that perform media planning and buying as an agent for the Media Buyer. The number and quality of the media buyers is pivotal to our success.

Media Sellers — Entities that NYIAX has signed onto the platform with a Master Services.

Sales Representatives — The relationships with Media Buyers, Media Sellers and business partners are key to NYIAX’s success. The quality and number of sales representatives that NYIAX employs directly affects its continued revenue growth.

Media on Exchange — A direct result of contracts between Media Buyers and Media Sellers, Media on Exchange, as reported, is the media that was bought and sold on the platform via our Smart Contract, delivered, reconciled and billed to the Media Buyer.

At times, ta Media Buyer and Media Seller will settle the media cost outside the NYIAX Platform. Media on Exchange includes the notional amounts of these settlements.

Media Contracts — A Smart Contract between a Media Seller and Media Buyer. The Company is compensated for the execution of the Smart Contract. The compensation is variable based upon the volume of the contract, the Media Seller and other variables. A Media Contract is analogous to an insertion order whereby delivery, reconciliation and billing take place.

Transaction Fees — NYIAX charges transparent transaction fees.

Transaction fees are charged to the Media Seller (the publisher) for all advertising transactions at variable rates on the gross amount indicated in the Order from each contract. The rates are independent for each Media Seller and vary based on volume of media and service levels.

Transaction fees are billed to the Media Buyer along with the media during the reconciliation process or paid net by the Media Seller. After payment is received for the media and the transaction fee, the cost of the media is then paid to the Media Seller.

The transaction fees are currently NYIAX’s only source of revenue.

Other Potential Fees (Other Revenue) — Other potential fees may include licensing fee and transaction fees separate to the contract formation on contract formation. Through September 30, 2022, and the date hereof, the Company has not generated fees from seat licensing fee or transaction fees separate to the contract formation.

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Revenue Ramp-Up

NYIAX is currently building its Business Development (sales and representatives) teams. The size, ramp-up and quality of the team will affect net revenue.

Other Factors affecting NYIAX’s Net Revenue

Identifying valuable ad impressions that we can profitably monetize at scale — We continuously review our available inventory from existing publishers across every format (mobile, desktop, digital video, Over the Top Media, CTV, and rich media). The factors we consider to determine which impressions we process include transparency on price, counterparties to the transaction, viewability, brand integrity in regard to ad placement and whether or not the impression is human sourced (also known as fraud). By consistently applying these criteria, we believe that the ad impressions we process will be valuable and marketable to advertisers.

Managing industry dynamics — We operate in the rapidly evolving digital advertising industry. Due to the scale and complexity of the digital advertising ecosystem, direct sales via manual, person-to-person processes are insufficient for delivering a real-time, personalized ad experience, creating the need for programmatic advertising. In turn, advances in programmatic technologies have enabled publishers to auction their ad inventory to more buyers, simultaneously, and in real time through a process referred to as header bidding. Header bidding has also provided advertisers with transparent access to ad impressions. As advertisers keep pace with ongoing changes in the way that consumers view and interact with digital media there will be further innovation and we anticipate that header bidding will be extended into new areas such as OTT/CTV. We believe our focus on publishers and buyers has allowed us to understand their needs and our ongoing innovation has enabled us to quickly adapt to changes in the industry, develop new solutions and do so cost effectively. Our performance depends on our ability to keep pace with industry changes such as header bidding and the evolving needs of our publishers and buyers while continuing our cost efficiency.

Potential international expansion — At this time we do not anticipate international expansion until 2024-2025.

Seasonality — The advertising industry experiences seasonal trends that affect many participants in the digital advertising ecosystem. Most notably, advertisers have historically spent relatively more in the fourth quarter of the calendar year to coincide with the holiday shopping season, and relatively less in the first quarter. We expect seasonality trends to continue, and our ability to manage our resources in anticipation of these trends will affect our operating results.

Management’s Plans

NYIAX management’s plans for developing operations and generating substantive revenues and gross margins will require the following:

1.      NYIAX has completed the development the initial platform.

2.      The NYIAX sales team have been signing up Media Sellers and Media Buyers.

3.      NYIAX is currently building out its sales organization. Currently, we have entered into four master service agreements with media buyer organizations, such as advertising agencies that represent a number of brands.

4.      NYIAX expects that based upon this plan that it would not be able to realize substantive revenues until the fourth quarter of 2022, or possibly later, depending on investment spend, later.

5.      NYIAX recognizes that its business will require substantial scale in order to achieve profitability. The Company expects that there will be substantial sales, marketing and continued engineering and development costs to generate revenue and maintain the platform. As such, the Company will need to generate revenues at scale in order to become break-even. NYIAX is estimating that it would not be profitable until at least the third quarter of 2023 or later. Currently, management estimates cash requirements of $5.4 to $6.4 million to attain break-even status. It is important to note that the current estimates reflect conditions the Company expects to exist, the course of action the Company expects to take, the net proceeds from this offering, as the current estimates incorporate internal data, historical data, and financial models, all of which are unproven.

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Results of Operations for Nine-Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 (Restated)

 

Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2022

 

Restated
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2021

Revenue, net

 

$

949,475

 

 

$

111,852

 

Cost of Sales

 

 

886,290

 

 

 

480,610

 

Gross Margin (Loss)

 

$

63,185

 

 

$

(368,758

)

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technology and development

 

$

1,254,219

 

 

$

1,002,338

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

5,990,212

 

 

 

6,768,601

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

1,770

 

 

 

5,515

 

Total operating expenses

 

$

7,246,201

 

 

$

7,776,454

 

Loss from operations

 

$

(7,183,016

)

 

$

(8,145,212

)

Other (income) expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and debt expense

 

$

1,217,595

 

 

$

1,798,116

 

PPP Loan forgiveness

 

 

 

 

 

(361,605

)

Total other (income) expenses

 

$

1,217,595

 

 

$

1,436,511

 

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

$

(8,400,611

)

 

$

(9,547,724

)

Net loss

 

 

(8,400,611

)

 

 

(9,547,724

)

Net loss per share – basic and diluted

 

$

(0.74

)

 

$

(1.04

)

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – basic and
diluted

 

 

11,317,535

 

 

 

9,200,802

 

Restatement

Prior to this offering, we were a private company and had limited accounting and financial reporting personnel and other resources with which to address our internal controls and procedures. In connection with the review of our consolidated financial statements for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2021, and the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 included in this prospectus, our management identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

The material weaknesses identified by management are related to material errors over our financial reporting which required the restatement of our financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021 and the nine-months ended September 30, 2021.

The restatement matters were primarily the result of our lack of internal controls over completeness of contract recording and accounting personnel that lack experience in SEC reporting regulation.

As part of our plan to remediate these material weaknesses, we have adopted the following remediation efforts to improve our internal controls:

        Hired incremental financial staff

        Established separation of duties for cash payments

        Instituted new policies for:

        Expense and payment approvals

        Payment procedures that include segregation of duties

        Travel and entertainment reimbursement (revisions of previous policies)

        Ethics

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        Reviewed payments to contractors

        Reinforced policies regarding board approval of all material contracts

        Will be retaining experienced accounting personnel that have experience in SEC reporting regulation after the IPO is completed.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company restated its results. As discussed in Note 2, Restatement, to the unaudited financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2022:

A.     For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, it was detected that the Company did not properly account for its agreement with an advisor. The advisor agreement, as discussed in Note 4, Commitments and Licensing Fee, to the audited financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, required the Company to compensate the advisor for financing transactions, including IPO and pre-IPO financings in the form of a cash commission and warrants and for various out of pocket costs. Initially, the Company did not record these expenses. The Restatements addressed this issue.

B.      For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, it was determined that the Company did not properly account for its principal stockholder share-based payment awards. The principal stockholder share-based payment awards, as discussed in note 5, Shareholder Equity, Principal Stockholder Share-based Payment Award, to the audited financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, required the Company to record value of the compensation as share-based compensation as performance conditions are met. As previously reported, the Company did not record these expenses.

C.     For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company re-evaluated the classifications of the statement of operation and restated the expenses on the statement of operations in accordance with Rule 5-03(b) of Regulation S-X. As a result of this re-evaluation:

        Employee expenses, including share-based compensation were allocated to

a.      cost of sales,

b.      technology and development, and

c.      sales, general and administrative, and

        Amortization of the capitalized software development costs was allocated to cost of sales.

        There was no effect on loss from operations, (other income) expenses, net loss or net loss per share.

D.     During the third quarter of 2021, the Company incorrectly recorded receipts from the exercise of warrants as sales of convertible notes. The Company detected the error in the fourth quarter of 2021, adjusted for the error, and properly reflected the amounts in the audited financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.

Net Revenue

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2021, net revenue increased to $949,475 from $111,852, due to increased activity resulting from the commencement of marketing the platform in April 2021.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company was compensated for the completion of 629 Media Contracts with average compensation of $1,509 per Media Contract. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company was compensated for the completion of 103 Media Contracts with average compensation of $1,086 per Media Contract.

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The following chart illustrates Media Contracts completed in each of the following quarters of 2022 and 2021:

Media Contracts

 

2022

 

2021

Quarter Ending March 31

 

121

 

0

Quarter Ending June 30

 

249

 

20

Quarter Ending September 30

 

259

 

83

Through the Quarter Ended September 30

 

629

 

103

Obtaining new Media Contracts is dependent on several factors, including on our new business development (sales and representatives) team, which headcount has decreased from eleven at December 31, 2021 to three at September 30, 2022. The following table compares the business development headcount at quarter-end and the Company’s quarterly revenue

 

Quarterly
Revenue

 

Business
Development
Headcount at
Quarter-End

March 31, 2021

 

$

 

1

June 30, 2021

 

$

30,084

 

6

September 30, 2021

 

$

81,768

 

9

December 31, 2021

 

$

482,047

 

11

March 31, 2022

 

$

485,065

 

13

June 30, 2022

 

$

339,423

 

7

September 30, 2022

 

$

124,987

 

3

See “Risk Factors — Our revenue can vary greatly from period to period and it is dependent on several factors, including our business development team. Our net revenue decreased sequentially quarter on quarter in 2022.

Cost of Sales

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2021 cost of sales increased to $886,290 from $480,610, due primarily to adding staff to actively service customers.

Technology and Development

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2021, technology and development increased to $1,254,219 from $1,002,338, or $251,881 (25%). The Company’s technology and development increased due to increased development partially offset by continued emphasis on adding functionality to our platform based on user feedback and a small increase in the share-based compensation.

Technology and development expenses consist of personnel costs, including salaries, bonuses, stock-based compensation, and employee benefits costs, and professional services. These expenses include costs incurred in (i) product development related to the front-end client user interface and back-end systems, ongoing maintenance and operation of the platform, integrations with clients and partners applications. Except to the extent that such costs are associated with software development that qualify for capitalization, which are then recorded as capitalized software development costs; and (ii) infrastructure costs such as AWS or other cloud hosting solutions, software development tools used for the creation and ongoing management and maintenance of the NYIAX platform and service.

Selling, General and Administrative

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2021, selling general and administrative decreased to $5,990,212 from $6,768,601 or $778,389 (11%) primarily resulting from a decrease of share-based compensation of approximately $1.6 million, partially offset by an increase in sales and marketing staff with related expenses and administrative costs related to the Company going public, such as an annual audit. Business development headcount had decreased from nine at September 30, 2021 to three at September 30, 2022.

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Selling, general and administrative expenses consist of personnel costs, including salaries, bonuses, stock-based compensation, and employee benefits costs, for our employees engaged in sales, business development, executive, finance, legal, and human resources employees. Selling, general and administrative also include expenses related to marketing activities and professional services outside such as legal and accounting services as well as rent expenses.

Depreciation and Amortization

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2021, depreciation and amortization decreased to $1,770 from $5,515, or $3,745 as certain assets are fully depreciated.

Interest and Debt Expense, net

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2021 interest and debt expense, net decreased to $1,217,582 from $1,764,117, a decrease of $546,535. The decrease is primarily attributed to the conversion of the 2020 and 2021 Convertible Notes Payable, as the conversions decreased interest expense and amortization of deferred discounts related to the convertible notes payable are no longer recorded.

PPP loan forgiveness

On May 20, 2021, the U.S. Small Business Administration forgave NYIAX’s Paycheck Protection Loan as authorized by the CARES Act.

For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2021, the Company recognized a $361,605 gain upon debt extinguishment from gaining forgiveness for the Company’s Paycheck Protection Loan.

Provision for Income Taxes

NYIAX, Inc. is taxed as a “C” Corporation subject to federal, state and local income taxes.

The provision for income taxes consists primarily of federal and state income taxes. Actual results may also differ from our estimates based on changes in economic conditions. Such changes could have a substantial impact on the income tax provision. We re-evaluate the judgments surrounding our estimates and make adjustments, as appropriate, each reporting period.

Our effective tax rate differs from the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate due to state taxes, utilizations of any net operating losses, potential technology and development tax credits, non-deductible share-based compensation, and other differences.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and the nine months ended September 30, 2021, NYIAX did not have any income for tax purposes and therefore, no current tax liability or expense has been recorded in these financial statements.

At December 31, 2021, the Company has available Federal net operating loss carry forwards (“NOLs”), of approximately $14.7 million (of which approximately $8.4 million was generated in 2021) to reduce future taxable income which do not expire but are limited to 80% of taxable income and New York NOLs of $14.7 million of which approximately $6.3 million expires in 2040 and $8.4 million expires in 2041. At December 31, 2021 the Company had approximately $16.2 million of deferred start-up costs which will be amortized over 15 years.

Cash Flows

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and the nine months ended September 30, 2021 net cash used in operating activities were $4,753,434 and $4,335,410 respectively, an increase of $418,024.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the net cash used was principally on account of the net loss of $8,432,508 less adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash of $3,679,074 including share-based compensation of $1.7 million, debt discount amortization of $0.9 million accrued PIK interest of $316,920, depreciation and amortization of $149,675 and partially offset by the forgiveness by stockholders of payables to stockholder founders of $510,000 and a change in operating assets and liabilities accounts of approximately $1 million, net.

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For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the net cash used was principally on account of the net loss of $9.6 million less adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash of approximately $5.3 million, including share-based compensation of approximately $3.2 million, debt discount amortization of approximately $1.3 million, accrued PIK interest of $$0.4 million, and depreciation and amortization of $152,950, and a change in operating assets and liabilities accounts of approximately $0.5 million, net partially offset by PPP loan forgiveness of $361,605.

Net cash provided by financing activities nine months ended September 30, 2022 and the nine months ended September 30, 2021, were approximately $2.2 million and $8.0 million, respectively.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the net cash provided was from the proceeds from issuance of common stock pursuant to exercise of warrants in the amount of $1,285,832, proceeds from convertible notes payable, net of discount of $1,237,400, partially offset by deferred offering costs of $242,000.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the net cash provided was principally from the proceeds from the sale of convertible notes payable of $6.6 million, net of discount, proceeds from issuance of common stock pursuant to exercise of warrants of $1.5 million, increase in the due from former shareholders of $102,000, partially offset by deferred offering costs of $180,000.

Going Concern, Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company believes it does not have sufficient cash to meet working capital and capital requirements for at least twelve months from the issuance of these financial statements. As of January 10, 2023, the Company had available capital resources to conduct approximately 1 month of planned operations.

Without a new loan or other equity support, the Company would not be able to support the current operating plans through twelve months from the issuance of these financial statements. No assurance can be given at this time, however, as to whether we will be able to raise new equity or loan support.

On July 7, 2022, the Company commenced a Convertible Notes Offering (“2022 Convertible Note Payable”). Under the amended terms of the 2022 Convertible Note Payable, the Company may sell up to $6,000,000 of convertible notes.

Under the current, amended terms:

A.     The 2022 Convertible Note Payable convert as follows:

(i)     At $2.00 per share concurrently when shares of common stock are sold to the public in the financing event; or

(ii)    In the event the financing event is not completed within eighteen (18) months from the date of the individually issued notes, the Conversion Price shall be the reduced price of two dollars ($2.00) per share and the Conversion Amount shall automatically be converted into common stock of the Company at $2.00 per share on the Maturity Date.

B.      The subscription period will begin as of the date of the first sale of the Offering and terminated November 30, 2022.

C.     Annual rate of return of twelve (12.0%) percent simple interest and all interest and principle are paid in the Company’s Common Shares at a value of five ($2.00) dollars per share, or, as Payment-in-Kind, or P-I-K. Interest shall be paid quarterly until maturity.

On November 30, 2022 the 2022 Convertible Note Payable closed. Approximately $2,570,000 of the 2022 Convertible Note Payable have been sold. No offers are being taken as a result of the filing of this registration statement.

On January 10, 2023, the Company commenced a Convertible Notes Offering pursuant to which it offered up to $500,000 of convertible notes to accredited investors pursuant to Rule 506(b) of Regulation D of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“2023 Convertible Note Offering”). The closing of the offering occurred on January 19, 2023.

The maturity date of the 2023 Convertible Notes shall be the date which is eighteen (18) months from the closing of the 2023 Convertible Note Offering (the “Maturity Date”). Additionally, the Company shall issue with the 2023 Convertible Notes common stock purchase warrants (the “Warrants”) at a rate of one (1) Warrant for every ten dollars ($10) principal amount of Notes purchased. Each Warrant shall be exercisable for a period of five (5) years at a price of $5.50 per share.

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The outstanding principal balance of the 2023 Convertible Notes and all accrued interest shall automatically convert into common stock of the Company immediately prior to the Company’s receipt of an effective order from the SEC declaring the registration statement of its initial public offering effective (the “Financing Event”). The shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the 2023 Convertible Notes are being registered in this registration statement.

Under the terms of the 2023 Convertible Note Payable Offering,

A.     The 2023 Convertible Note Payable convert as follows:

(i)     At $2.00 per share concurrently when shares of common stock are sold to the public in the Financing Event; or

(ii)    In the event the Financing Event is not completed within eighteen (18) months from the date of the individually issued notes, the Conversion Price shall be the reduced price of two dollars ($2.00) per share and the Conversion Amount shall automatically be converted into common stock of the Company at $2.00 per share on the Maturity Date.

B.      Each of the 2023 Convertible Notes offered in the 2023 Convertible Note Offering has an annual rate of return of twelve percent (12.0%) per annum, which shall be paid as a Payment-in-Kind in the Company’s common stock valued at two dollars ($2.00) per share.

C.     Annual rate of return of twelve percent (12.0%) simple interest and all interest and principal are paid in the Company’s Common Shares at a value of two dollars ($2.00) per share, or, as Payment-in-Kind, or P-I-K. Interest shall be paid quarterly until maturity.

As of the date hereof, a total of approximately $250,000 of the 2023 Convertible Notes have been sold. Boustead Securities, LLC acted as placement agent for approximately $100,000 of the 2023 Convertible Note Payable Offering. No offers are being taken as a result of the filing of this registration statement.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company’s operations lost approximately $8.4 million of which approximately $2.6 million were non-cash expenses, including share-based compensation of $1.7 million, $1.2 million of debt discount amortization and accrued PIK interest partially off-set by approximately $0.5 million the forgiveness by stockholders of payables to stockholder founders.

The Company generated negative cash flows from operations of approximately $4.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2022. Historically, the Company’s liquidity needs have been met by the sale of common shares, the issuance of common shares through the exercise of warrants, and issuance of convertible note payable. As of September 30, 2022, the Company had total current assets of $ 2,557,348, of which $ $833,552 was cash and total current liabilities of $ 4,989,728, including $1,046,608 of convertible notes payable and accrued interest which are payable in the Company’s stock.

Future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including the Company’s rate of revenue growth and its level of expenditures. Additionally, the Company is planning an initial public offering of its common stock. To the extent that the offering is not successful, or that existing capital resources, revenue growth and cash flow from operations are not sufficient to fund future activities, the Company may need to raise additional funds through equity or debt financing or curtail expenses. However, no assurances can be provided that additional funding or alternative financing will be available at terms acceptable to the Company, if at all.

Management must evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued.

Due to these factors, substantial doubt exists regarding the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern through twelve months from the issuance date of these the financial statements. Management has taken the steps to reduces the losses significantly by curtailing certain aspects of its operations or expansion activities. The financial statements for the period ended September 30, 2022, do not include any adjustment relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.

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The Company is also subject to certain business risks, including dependence on key employees, competition, market acceptance of the Company’s platform, ability to source demand from buyers of advertising inventory and dependence on growth to achieve its business plan.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We report our financial results in accordance with GAAP. However, management believes that Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure (the “Non-GAAP Measure”), provides investors with additional useful information in evaluating our performance.

We calculate Adjusted EBITDA as net loss, adjusted to exclude: (1) interest expense and debt expense, net, (2) depreciation and amortization, (3) share-based compensation expense, and (4) other one-time items.

The Non-GAAP Measures are financial measures that are not required by or presented in accordance with GAAP. We believe that the Non-GAAP Measures, when taken together with our financial results presented in accordance with GAAP, provides meaningful supplemental information regarding our operating performance and facilitates internal comparisons of our historical operating performance on a more consistent basis by excluding certain items that may not be indicative of our business, results of operations or outlook. In particular, we believe that the use of the Non-GAAP Measures are helpful to our investors as they are measures used by management in assessing the health of our business, determining incentive compensation and evaluating our operating performance, as well as for internal planning and forecasting purposes.

The Non-GAAP Measures are presented for supplemental informational purposes only, have limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information presented in accordance with GAAP. Some of the limitations of the Non-GAAP Measures include that (1) the measures do not properly reflect capital commitments to be paid in the future, (2) although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the underlying assets may need to be replaced and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect these capital expenditures, (3) Adjusted EBITDA do not consider the impact of share-based compensation expense, which is an ongoing expense for our company and (4) Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect other non-operating expenses, including interest and debt expense. In addition, our use of the Non-GAAP Measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies because they may not calculate the Non-GAAP Measures in the same manner, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure. Because of these limitations, when evaluating our performance, you should consider the Non-GAAP Measures alongside other financial measures, including our net income (loss) and other results stated in accordance with GAAP.

The following table presents a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net loss, the most directly comparable financial measure stated in accordance with GAAP:

 

Period Ended
September 30,
2022

 

Restated
Period Ended
September 30,
2021

Net loss

 

$

(8,400,611

)

 

$

(9,547,724

)

Reconciliation of net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

149,675

 

 

 

153,420

 

Share-based compensation

 

 

1,737,986

 

 

 

3,214,666

 

Interest expense, net