10-Q 1 conduent-93018x10q.htm Q3 2018 10-Q Document
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
________________
FORM 10-Q
_______________
 
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended: September 30, 2018
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                        to
Commission File Number 001-37817
conduentlogoq2a01.jpg
CONDUENT INCORPORATED
(Exact Name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
New York
 
81-2983623
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
100 Campus Drive, Suite 200
Florham Park, New Jersey
 
07932
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(844) 663-2638
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
_________________________________________________  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
x
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Small reporting company
o
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o  No ý
Class
 
Outstanding at October 31, 2018
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
 
211,291,181


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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and any exhibits to this Report may contain "forward-looking statements" as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “will,” “should” and similar expressions, as they relate to us, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements reflect management's current beliefs, assumptions and expectations and are subject to a number of factors that could cause actual results to differ materially. Such factors include, but are not limited to: termination rights contained in our government contracts; our ability to renew commercial and government contracts awarded through competitive bidding processes; our ability to recover capital and other investments in connection with our contracts; our ability to attract and retain necessary technical personnel and qualified subcontractors; our ability to deliver on our contractual obligations properly and on time; competitive pressures; our significant indebtedness; changes in interest in outsourced business process services; our ability to obtain adequate pricing for our services and to improve our cost structure; claims of infringement of third-party intellectual property rights; the failure to comply with laws relating to individually identifiable information and personal health information and laws relating to processing certain financial transactions, including payment card transactions and debit or credit card transactions; breaches of our information systems or security systems or any service interruptions; our ability to estimate the scope of work or the costs of performance in our contracts; our ability to collect our receivables for unbilled services; a decline in revenues from or a loss or failure of significant clients; fluctuations in our non-recurring revenue; our failure to maintain a satisfactory credit rating; our ability to attract and retain key employees; increases in the cost of telephone and data services or significant interruptions in such services; our failure to develop new service offerings; our ability to receive dividends or other payments from our subsidiaries; changes in tax and other laws and regulations; changes in government regulation and economic, strategic, political and social conditions; changes in U.S. GAAP or other applicable accounting policies; and other factors that are set forth in the “Risk Factors” section, the “Legal Proceedings” section, the “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section and other sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 and June 30 , 2018, as well as in our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and any current Report on Form 8-K. Any forward-looking statements made by us in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q speak only as of the date on which they are made. We are under no obligation to, and expressly disclaim any obligation to, update or alter our forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, subsequent events or otherwise.




 


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CONDUENT INCORPORATED
FORM 10-Q
September 30, 2018
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

For additional information about Conduent Incorporated and access to our Annual Reports to Shareholders and SEC filings, free of charge, please visit our website at https://investor.conduent.com/. Any information on or linked from the website is not incorporated by reference into this Form 10-Q.


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ITEM 1 — FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

CONDUENT INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions, except per share data)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenue
 
$
1,304

 
$
1,480

 
$
4,111

 
$
4,529

Cost of Services
 
1,054

 
1,219

 
3,347

 
3,766

Gross Margin
 
250

 
261

 
764

 
763

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Costs and Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
 
3

 
4

 
8

 
11

Selling, general and administrative
 
142

 
144

 
436

 
466

Restructuring and related costs
 
31

 
22

 
68

 
76

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
 
60

 
60

 
181

 
182

Interest expense
 
22

 
35

 
92

 
105

Separation costs
 

 
2

 

 
8

(Gain) loss on divestitures and transaction costs
 
54

 
(16
)
 
9

 
(41
)
Litigation costs (recoveries), net
 
78

 
6

 
113

 
(14
)
(Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt
 
108

 

 
108

 

Other (income) expenses, net
 
4

 
(9
)
 
1

 
(10
)
Total Operating Costs and Expenses
 
502

 
248

 
1,016

 
783

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes
 
(252
)
 
13

 
(252
)
 
(20
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax expense (benefit)
 
(15
)
 
30

 
24

 
11

Income (Loss) From Continuing Operations
 
(237
)
 
(17
)
 
(276
)
 
(31
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
 

 

 

 
4

Net Income (Loss)
 
$
(237
)
 
$
(17
)
 
$
(276
)
 
$
(27
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings (Loss) per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(1.16
)
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(1.38
)
 
$
(0.19
)
Discontinued operations
 

 

 

 
0.02

Total Basic Earnings (Loss) per Share
 
$
(1.16
)
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(1.38
)
 
$
(0.17
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(1.16
)
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(1.38
)
 
$
(0.19
)
Discontinued operations
 

 

 

 
0.02

Total Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Share
 
$
(1.16
)
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(1.38
)
 
$
(0.17
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CONDUENT INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)

 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net Income (Loss)
 
$
(237
)
 
$
(17
)
 
$
(276
)
 
$
(27
)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net
 

 

 

 

Currency translation adjustments, net
 
(4
)
 
8

 
(27
)
 
34

Reclassification of currency translation adjustments on divestitures
 
36

 

 
41

 

Reclassification of divested benefit plans and other
 
61

 

 
64

 

Unrecognized gains (loss), net
 

 

 
(3
)
 
2

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net
 
93

 
8

 
75

 
36

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net
 
$
(144
)
 
$
(9
)
 
$
(201
)
 
$
9


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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CONDUENT INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(in millions, except share data in thousands)
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
586

 
$
658

Accounts receivable, net
 
951

 
1,114

Assets held for sale
 
35

 
757

Contract assets
 
191

 

Other current assets
 
230

 
181

Total current assets
 
1,993

 
2,710

Land, buildings and equipment, net
 
297

 
257

Intangible assets, net
 
711

 
891

Goodwill
 
3,417

 
3,366

Other long-term assets
 
312

 
324

Total Assets
 
$
6,730

 
$
7,548

Liabilities and Equity
 
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
 
$
49

 
$
82

Accounts payable
 
216

 
138

Accrued compensation and benefits costs
 
233

 
335

Unearned income
 
119

 
151

Liabilities held for sale
 
21

 
169

Other current liabilities
 
613

 
493

Total current liabilities
 
1,251

 
1,368

Long-term debt
 
1,528

 
1,979

Deferred taxes
 
320

 
384

Other long-term liabilities
 
130

 
146

Total Liabilities
 
3,229

 
3,877

 
 
 
 
 
Contingencies (See Note 11)
 


 


Series A convertible preferred stock
 
142

 
142

 
 
 
 
 
Common stock
 
2

 
2

Additional paid-in capital
 
3,871

 
3,850

Retained earnings (deficit)
 
(90
)
 
171

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(424
)
 
(494
)
Total Equity
 
3,359

 
3,529

Total Liabilities and Equity
 
$
6,730

 
$
7,548

 
 
 
 
 
Shares of common stock issued and outstanding
 
211,277

 
210,440

Shares of series A convertible preferred stock issued and outstanding
 
120

 
120


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 

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CONDUENT INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
(237
)
 
$
(17
)
 
$
(276
)
 
$
(27
)
Adjustments required to reconcile net income (loss) to cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
113

 
123

 
347

 
378

Deferred income taxes
 
(43
)
 
24

 
(90
)
 
(7
)
(Gain) loss from investments
 

 
(3
)
 
(1
)
 
(10
)
Amortization of debt financing costs
 
1

 
3

 
9

 
7

(Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt

108

 

 
108

 

(Gain) loss on divestitures and transaction costs
 
54

 
(16
)
 
9

 
(48
)
Stock-based compensation
 
11

 
8

 
30

 
26

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable
 
(54
)
 
(6
)
 
(40
)
 
(76
)
(Increase) decrease in other current and long-term assets
 
(21
)
 
12

 
(116
)
 
(35
)
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued compensation
 
(11
)
 
(1
)
 
(36
)
 
(86
)
Increase (decrease) in restructuring liabilities
 
12

 
1

 
16

 
25

Increase (decrease) in other current and long-term liabilities
 
49

 
(26
)
 
38

 
(80
)
Net change in income tax assets and liabilities
 
(12
)
 
5

 
36

 
3

Other operating, net
 

 
(3
)
 
(4
)
 
(6
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
 
(30
)
 
104

 
30

 
64

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of additions to land, buildings and equipment
 
(43
)
 
(20
)
 
(119
)
 
(57
)
Proceeds from sale of land, buildings and equipment
 

 

 
12

 
33

Cost of additions to internal use software
 
(17
)
 
(11
)
 
(31
)
 
(26
)
Proceeds from investments
 

 
117

 

 
117

Proceeds from divestitures and sale of assets
 
272

 
56

 
672

 
56

Other investing, net
 

 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
212

 
141

 
534

 
122

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Proceeds on long-term debt
 

 

 

 
306

Debt issuance fee payments
 

 

 
(3
)
 
(9
)
Payments on debt
 
(484
)
 
(79
)
 
(513
)
 
(232
)
Premium on debt redemption
 
(95
)
 

 
(95
)
 

Net (payments to) transfer from former parent company
 

 

 

 
(161
)
Taxes paid for settlement of stock based compensation
 
(6
)
 
(3
)
 
(9
)
 
(5
)
Dividends paid on preferred stock
 
(2
)
 
(2
)
 
(7
)
 
(7
)
Other financing
 

 
(2
)
 

 
(3
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
 
(587
)
 
(86
)
 
(627
)
 
(111
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
(3
)
 

 
(9
)
 
2

Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
(408
)
 
159

 
(72
)
 
77

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash at Beginning of Period(1)
 
1,003

 
334

 
667

 
416

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash at End of period(2)
 
$
595

 
$
493

 
$
595

 
$
493

 ___________
(1)
Includes $10 million and $25 million of restricted cash as of June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively and $9 million and $26 million as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, that were included in Other current assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2)
Includes $9 million and $25 million of restricted cash as of September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, that were included in Other current assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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CONDUENT INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)


Note 1 – Basis of Presentation

References herein to “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” and “Conduent” refer to Conduent Incorporated and its consolidated subsidiaries unless the context suggests otherwise.

Description of Business

The Company is a global enterprise and leading provider of business process services with expertise in managing operations involving high volume, repeatable and individualized interactions. The Company's portfolio covers both front office and back office operations; however, the majority of its revenue and differentiation derives from engagements where it serves on behalf of its clients to manage end-user interactions across a wide-range of domains. Examples include payments, collections, benefit administration and end-user communication services. The Company creates value for its commercial and government clients through more efficient service delivery combined with a personalized and seamless experience for the end-user. The Company applies its expertise, technology and innovation to continually modernize its offerings for improved customer and constituent satisfaction and loyalty, increase process efficiency and respond rapidly to changing market dynamics.

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) on a basis consistent with reporting interim financial information in accordance with instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The year-end Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year information to conform to current year presentation. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows have been made. These adjustments consist of normal recurring items. The interim results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the results of the full year. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Note 2 – Recent Accounting Pronouncements

The Company's significant accounting policies are described in Note 1–Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Summarized below are the accounting pronouncements adopted subsequent to December 31, 2017 that were applicable and material to the Company.

New Accounting Standards Adopted

Cloud Computing Arrangements: In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued an accounting update which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract with the existing capitalization requirements for implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting cloud computing arrangements that include an internal-use software license). The Company elected to early adopt this standard on July 1, 2018 on a prospective basis. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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Reclassifying Certain Tax Effects From Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income: On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Reform) was enacted, lowering the U.S. corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%. The U.S. deferred tax assets and liabilities, including the balances originally recorded to Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (AOCI), were adjusted to the new tax rate through net income from continuing operations in December 2017. In February 2018, the FASB issued guidance permitting companies, on an elective basis, to reclassify the disproportionate income tax effects of Tax Reform on items within AOCI to retained earnings. The only disproportionate income tax effects in the Company’s AOCI balance in December 2017 related to the U.S. pension plan. The plan was transferred to H.I.G. Capital as part of the U.S. human resource consulting and actuarial business divestiture completed in August 2018. In light of this, the Company adopted this accounting policy effective July 1, 2018 and has reclassified $5 million from AOCI to retained earnings as of September 30, 2018. Refer to Note 13 – Shareholders’ Equity to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding this reclassification.

Revenue Recognition: In May 2014, the FASB updated the accounting guidance related to revenue recognition, which is also referred to herein as "new revenue standard" to clarify the principles for recognizing revenue and replaced all existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP with one accounting model. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue when the promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that is expected to be received for those goods or services. The updated guidance also requires additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures relating to the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers largely on a disaggregated basis. The Company adopted the new revenue standard as of January 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective method. The Company has applied the new revenue standard only to contracts not completed as of the date of initial application. The adoption has primarily impacted the following: (1) revenue associated with postage recognized on a net basis versus previously being recognized on a gross basis; (2) the timing of revenue recognition associated with fixed fees for certain contracts with more than one performance obligation; and (3) the timing of recognition of certain pricing discounts and credits.

The Company recorded a net increase to opening retained earnings of $17 million as of January 1, 2018, due to the cumulative impact of adopting this new guidance. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for the periods presented.

The impact of the new revenue standard for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, was a decrease in Revenue of $34 million and $110 million, respectively, primarily as a result of recognizing postage receipts on a net basis, in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss). The impact of the new revenue standard, as of and for the periods ended September 30, 2018, on the Company’s pre-tax income, Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and Statements of Cash Flows was not material.

Summary of Accounting Policy
 
Revenue recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to its customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration that the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services.

The Company's contracts with customers often include promises to transfer multiple products and services to a customer. Determining whether products and services are considered distinct performance obligations that should be accounted for separately, versus together, may require significant judgment. For instance, the Company may contract for an implementation or development project and also provide services to operate the system which the Company implements or develops over a period of time; or the Company may contract to scan, manage and store customer documents. For these contracts, the Company accounts for individual performance obligations separately, if they are distinct. The transaction price is allocated to the separate performance obligations on a relative standalone selling price basis. The Company generally determines standalone selling prices based on the prices charged to customers or using expected cost plus margin.


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Once the Company determines the performance obligations, the Company estimates the amount of variable consideration, if any, to be included in determining the transaction price. The majority of the Company's contracts consist of fixed consideration, variable consideration or both. Typical forms of variable consideration include variable pricing such as volume discounts, tiered and declining pricing, penalties for service level agreements, performance bonuses and credits. The Company includes variable consideration in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty is resolved. In order to determine the transaction price, the Company estimates the amount of variable consideration at the inception of the contract, either utilizing the expected value or the most likely amount method, depending on the facts and circumstances relative to the contract. The Company estimates variable consideration and performs a constraint analysis for these contracts on the basis of both historical information and current trends.

The Company’s performance obligations are generally transferred to customers over time. Typically, the Company’s contracts include performance obligation(s) to stand-ready on a daily or monthly basis to provide services to the customers. A time-elapsed output method is used to measure progress because the Company transfers control evenly by providing a stand-ready service. In limited circumstances, the Company also uses a cost-to-cost based input method. The Company has determined that the above methods provide a faithful depiction of the transfer of services to the customer.

Estimates of revenue expected to be recognized in future periods exclude unexercised customer options to purchase additional services that do not represent material rights to the customer. Customer options that do not represent a material right are only accounted for when the customer exercises its option to purchase additional goods or services. The Company recognizes revenue for non-refundable upfront implementation fees on a straight-line basis over the period between the initiation of the services through the end of the contract term.

When more than one party is involved in providing services to a customer, the Company evaluates whether it is the principal, and reports revenue on a gross basis, or an agent, and reports revenue on a net basis. In this assessment, the Company considers the following: if it obtains control of the specified services before they are transferred to the customer; is primarily responsible for fulfillment and inventory risk; and has discretion in establishing price.

The Company reports revenue net of any revenue-based taxes assessed by governmental authorities that are imposed on and concurrent with specific revenue-producing transactions. The primary revenue-based taxes are sales tax and value-added tax (VAT).

The Company's payment terms vary by type of services offered. The time between invoicing and when payment is due is not significant. For certain services and customer types, the Company requires payment before services are rendered.

From time to time, the Company's contracts are modified to account for additions or changes to existing performance obligations. The Company's contract modifications are generally accounted for prospectively.


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Disaggregation of Revenue

During the second quarter, the Company changed how it presents the disaggregated revenue by major service line to reflect the core businesses separate from the non-core businesses. This change had no impact on disaggregated revenue by reportable segment or the timing of revenue recognition.

The following table provides information about disaggregated revenue by major service line, the timing of revenue recognition and a reconciliation of the disaggregated revenue by reportable segments. Refer to Note 3 – Segment Reporting for additional information on the Company's reportable segments.

(in millions)
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
Commercial Industries:
 
 
 
 
Omni-channel communications
 
$
212

 
$
636

Human resource services
 
184

 
562

Industry services
 
228

 
719

Non-core
 
103

 
335

Total Commercial Industries
 
727

 
2,252

Public Sector:
 
 
 
 
Government services and health
 
336

 
1,006

Transportation services
 
184

 
541

Total Public Sector
 
520

 
1,547

Other:
 
 
 
 
Divestitures
 
56

 
298

Education
 
1

 
14

Total Other
 
57

 
312

Total Consolidated Revenue
 
$
1,304

 
$
4,111

 
 
 
 
 
Timing of Revenue Recognition:
 
 
 
 
Point in time
 
$
33

 
$
103

Over time
 
1,271

 
4,008

Total Revenue
 
$
1,304

 
$
4,111


The Company's contracts with customers are broadly similar in nature throughout the Company's major service lines. The following is a description of the major service lines:

Omni-Channel Communications: The Company offers a range of services that help its clients support their end-users. This includes in-bound and out-bound call support for both simple and complex transactions, technical support and patient assistance. The Company also provides multi-channel communication support (both print and digital) across a range of industries.

Human Resource Services: The Company helps its clients support their employees at all stages of employment from initial on-boarding through retirement as well as health savings account (HSA) administration. The Company offers clients a range of customized advisory, technology and administrative services that improve the ability of employees to manage their benefits, professional development and retirement planning. Also, the Company assists its clients with workers' compensation claims management.

Industry Services: The Company leverages technology to assist its clients with transaction processing as well as providing platform solutions. This includes offerings such as finance and accounting, transaction processing, learning, legal and payment integrity services, among others.

Non-Core Commercial: This represents certain customer experience businesses that are considered non-core and therefore are expected to be sold. These businesses are included in Assets/liabilities held for sale.


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Government Services and Health: The Company's services include public assistance program administration such as child support, pension administration, records management, electronic benefits, eligibility and payment cards, unclaimed property, disease management and software offerings in support of federal, state and local government agencies. The Company also provides payment services, which include prepaid cards, child support disbursements and other government support programs, disbursement of electronic payments directly to end users, collections and transfer of payments.

Transportation Services: The Company's services include support for electronic toll collection, public transit, parking and photo enforcement.

Divestitures: This represents divested businesses that were previously reported as Commercial Industries Non-core and Public Sector Non-core.

Contract Balances

The Company receives payments from customers based upon contractual billing schedules. Accounts receivable are recorded when the right to consideration becomes unconditional. Contract assets are the Company’s rights to consideration for services provided when the right is conditioned on something other than passage of time (for example, meeting a milestone for the right to bill under the cost-to-cost measure of progress). Contract assets are transferred to Accounts receivable when the rights become unconditional. Unearned income includes payments received in advance of performance under the contract, which are realized when the associated revenue is recognized under the contract.

The following table provides information about the balances of the Company's contract assets, unearned income and receivables from contracts with customers:

(in millions)
 
September 30, 2018
 
January 1, 2018
Contract Assets (Unearned Income)
 
 
 
 
Current contract assets(1)
 
$
191

 
$
191

Long-term contract assets(2)
 
6

 
2

Current unearned income
 
(119
)
 
(128
)
Long-term unearned income(3)
 
(34
)
 
(46
)
Net Contract Assets (Unearned Income)
 
$
44

 
$
19

Accounts receivable, net
 
$
951

 
$
908

__________
(1)
Prior to the adoption of the new revenue standard, these amounts were recorded in Accounts receivable, net and represented unbilled amounts.
(2)
Presented in Other long-term assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(3)
Presented in Other long-term liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

Revenue of $128 million was recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 related to the Company's unearned income at January 1, 2018. The Company had no asset impairment charges related to contract assets for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018.

Transaction Price Allocated to the Remaining Performance Obligations

Estimated revenue expected to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied or partially satisfied at September 30, 2018, was approximately $2 billion. The Company expects to recognize approximately 66% of the revenues over the next two years and the remainder thereafter.


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Costs to Obtain and Fulfill a Contract

The Company capitalizes commission expenses paid to internal sales personnel that are incremental to obtaining customer contracts. The net book value of these costs, which was $25 million as of September 30, 2018, are included in Other current assets or Other long-term assets. The judgments made in determining the amount of costs incurred include whether the commissions are incremental and directly related to a successful acquisition of a customer contract. These costs are amortized in Selling, general and administrative costs over the term of the contract or the estimated life of the customer relationship, if renewals are expected and the renewal commission is not commensurate with the initial commission. These costs are periodically reviewed for impairment. The Company expenses sales commissions when incurred if the amortization period of the sales commission is one year or less.

Also, the Company capitalizes costs incurred to fulfill its contracts that (i) relate directly to the contract, (ii) are expected to generate resources that will be used to satisfy the Company’s performance obligation under the contract and (iii) are expected to be recovered through revenue generated under the contract. The net book value of these costs, which comprise set-up/transition activities, was $53 million as of September 30, 2018, and are classified in Other current assets or Other long-term assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Contract fulfillment costs are expensed to Cost of services as the Company satisfies its performance obligations by transferring the service to the customer. These costs are amortized on a systematic basis over the expected period of benefit.

The amortization of costs incurred to obtain and fulfill a contract for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, were $10 million and $37 million, respectively.

Cash Flows: In November 2016, the FASB issued updated accounting guidance regarding the presentation of restricted cash in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. Specifically, this update requires that restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. The Company adopted this updated accounting guidance on January 1, 2018 using the retrospective method. The adoption of this guidance resulted in a reclassification of restricted cash of $25 million for both the three and nine months ended 2017 in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

New Accounting Standards To Be Adopted

Leases: In February 2016, the FASB updated the accounting guidance related to leases requiring lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases except short term leases (lease term of 12 months or less). The accounting for lessors is largely unchanged. This updated guidance is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2019. This guidance must be adopted using a modified retrospective approach through a cumulative-effect adjustment for leases that exist or are entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period in the financial statements. While we are currently evaluating the impact on the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements, we do expect a material impact to the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Credit Losses: In June 2016, the FASB updated the accounting guidance related to measurement of credit losses on financial instruments, which requires financial assets measured at amortized cost to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. This updated guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact on the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements.
 

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Note 3 – Segment Reporting

The Company's reportable segments correspond to how we organize and manage the business and are aligned to the industries in which our clients operate.

Beginning in 2018, the Company moved the Health Enterprise business from the Other segment into the Public Sector segment. In addition, the Company moved the historical results of the divested businesses to the Other segment from both the Commercial Industries and the Public Sector segments. The prior periods presented have been revised to reflect these changes.

Our financial performance is based on Segment Profit / (Loss) and Segment Adjusted EBITDA for the following two segments:
Commercial Industries
Public Sector

Commercial Industries: Our Commercial Industries segment provides business process services and customized solutions to clients in a variety of industries. Across the Commercial Industries segment, we deliver end-to-end business-to-business and business-to-customer services that enable our clients to optimize their key processes. Our multi-industry competencies include omni-channel communications, human resource management and finance and accounting services.

Public Sector: Our Public Sector segment provides government-centric business process services to U.S. federal, state and local and foreign governments for transportation, public assistance, program administration, transaction processing, Medicaid platform and payment services.

Other segment includes businesses divested and our Student Loan business, which is in run-off mode. The Company exited the Student Loan business in the third quarter of 2018. In the third quarter of 2018 and beyond, any remaining costs for Student Loans will be reflected in Other (income) expenses, net.

Selected financial information for our reportable segments is as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
(in millions)
 
Commercial Industries
 
Public Sector
 
Other
 
Total
2018
 
 
 
 
 
Divestitures
 
Other
 
 
Revenue
 
$
727

 
$
520

 
$
56

 
1

 
$
1,304

Segment profit (loss)
 
$
37

 
$
65

 
$
6

 
(3
)
 
$
105

Segment depreciation and amortization
 
$
30

 
$
21

 
$
2

 

 
$
53

Adjusted EBITDA
 
$
67

 
$
85

 
$
8

 
(3
)
 
$
157

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
$
777

 
$
543

 
$
139

 
21

 
$
1,480

Segment profit (loss)
 
$
29

 
$
46

 
$
36

 
2

 
$
113

Segment depreciation and amortization
 
$
32

 
$
26

 
$
4

 
1

 
$
63

Adjusted EBITDA
 
$
61

 
$
70

 
$
40

 
3

 
$
174


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Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in millions)
 
Commercial Industries
 
Public Sector
 
Other
 
Total
2018
 
 
 
 
 
Divestitures
 
Other
 
 
Revenue
 
$
2,252

 
$
1,547

 
$
298

 
$
14

 
$
4,111

Segment profit (loss)
 
$
96

 
$
166

 
$
72

 
$
(14
)
 
$
320

Segment depreciation and amortization
 
$
94

 
$
63

 
$
8

 
$
1

 
$
166

Adjusted EBITDA
 
$
190

 
$
227

 
$
80

 
$
(13
)
 
$
484

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
$
2,384

 
$
1,639

 
$
442

 
$
64

 
$
4,529

Segment profit (loss)
 
$
62

 
$
130

 
$
91

 
$
3

 
$
286

Segment depreciation and amortization
 
$
101

 
$
78

 
$
13

 
$
4

 
$
196

Adjusted EBITDA
 
$
163

 
$
210

 
$
104

 
$
7

 
$
484


(in millions)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Segment Profit (Loss) Reconciliation to Pre-tax Income (Loss)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes
 
$
(252
)
 
$
13

 
$
(252
)
 
$
(20
)
Reconciling items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and related costs
 
31

 
22

 
68

 
76

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
 
60

 
60

 
181

 
182

Separation costs
 

 
2

 

 
8

Interest expense
 
22

 
35

 
92

 
105

(Gain) loss on divestitures and transaction costs
 
54

 
(16
)
 
9

 
(41
)
Litigation costs (recoveries), net
 
78

 
6

 
113

 
(14
)
(Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt
 
108

 

 
108

 

Other (income) expenses, net
 
4

 
(9
)
 
1

 
(10
)
Segment Pre-tax Income (Loss)
 
$
105

 
$
113

 
$
320

 
$
286

Segment depreciation and amortization
 
$
53

 
$
63

 
$
166

 
$
196

NY MMIS charge (credit) (Public Sector)
 
(1
)
 
1

 
(2
)
 
10

HE charge (credit) (Public Sector)
 

 
(3
)
 

 
(8
)
Adjusted EBITDA
 
$
157

 
$
174

 
$
484

 
$
484


Note 4 – Assets/Liabilities Held for Sale and Divestitures

In September 2018, the Company entered into an agreement (subject to regulatory approval) to sell a portfolio of select standalone customer care contracts to Skyview Capital LLC. The assets and liabilities related to this portfolio, collectively referred to as the Disposal Group, have been reclassified to held for sale and measured at the lower of carrying value or fair value less cost to sell. The fair value less estimated cost to sell, as measured by the terms of the sale’s agreement, was less than the carrying amount by $47 million. Accordingly, the Company recorded a $47 million impairment charge, which included a write-off of goodwill of $10 million and long-lived assets of $8 million. This impairment charge was included in the (Gain) loss on divestitures and transaction costs line in the Consolidated Statements of Income(Loss). This Disposal Group is reported in the Commercial Industries segment. The revenues generated from this business were $103 million and $336 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively and $483 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.


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Following is a summary of the major categories of assets and liabilities that have been reclassified to held for sale.

(in millions)
 
September 30, 2018
Accounts Receivable, net
 
$
35

   Total Assets held for sale
 
$
35

 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
1

Accrued compensation
 
9

Unearned revenue
 
4

Other
 
7

  Total Liabilities held for sale
 
$
21


In September 2018, the Company completed the sale of its local and municipal constituent government software solutions business to Avenu Insights & Analytics. The proceeds from this divestiture were $106 million in cash and the transaction generated a pre-tax gain of $1 million. The revenues generated from this business were $26 million and $81 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively and $113 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.

In August 2018, the Company completed the sale of its U.S. human resource consulting and actuarial business and the human resource consulting and outsourcing business located in Canada and the United Kingdom (U.K.) to H.I.G. Capital. The proceeds from this divestiture include $168 million in cash paid at closing, $20 million to be collected in installments over four years and a contingent consideration of $6 million. The transaction generated a pre-tax loss of $5 million. The revenues generated from this business were $29 million and $166 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively and $279 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.

In July 2018, the Company completed the sale of its off-street parking business, including the Multipark System in France and the U.K., along with its U.S. Airport Parking business to Andera Partners. The proceeds from this divestiture were $26 million in cash and the transaction generated a pre-tax gain of $8 million. The revenues generated from this business were $1 million and $18 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively and $42 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.

In June 2018, the Company completed the sale of its Commercial Vehicle Operations (CVO) business to Alinda Capital Partners. During the third quarter of 2018, the Company recorded a final working capital adjustment for the sale of the CVO business in the amount of $3 million, increasing the cash proceeds received and pre-tax gain recorded to $403 million and $77 million, respectively. The revenue generated from this business was $33 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and $66 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Note 5 – Restructuring Programs and Related Costs

The Company engages in a series of restructuring programs related to downsizing its employee base, exiting certain activities, outsourcing certain internal functions and engaging in other actions designed to reduce its cost structure and improve productivity. The implementation of the Company's strategic transformation program and various productivity initiatives have reduced the Company's real estate footprint across all geographies and segments resulting in increased lease cancellation and other related costs. Management continues to evaluate the Company's business and in the future, there may be additional provisions for new plan initiatives and/or changes in previously recorded estimates as payments are made or actions are completed.

Costs associated with restructuring, including employee severance and lease termination costs, are generally recognized when it has been determined that a liability has been incurred, which is generally upon communication to the affected employees or exit from the leased facility. In those geographies where we have either a formal severance plan or a history of consistently providing severance benefits representing a substantive plan, we recognize employee severance costs when they are both probable and reasonably estimable.

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A summary of the Company's restructuring program activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was as follows:
(in millions)
Severance and
Related Costs
 
Lease Cancellation
and Other Costs
 
Total
Accrued Balance at December 31, 2017
$
14

 
$
30

 
$
44

Restructuring provision
34

 
33

 
67

Adjustments to prior accruals
(4
)
 
5

 
1

Total Net Current Period Charges
30

 
38

 
68

Payments against reserve and currency
(28
)
 
(27
)
 
(55
)
Other

 
3

 
3

Accrued Balance at September 30, 2018
$
16

 
$
44

 
$
60


(in millions)
Severance and
Related Costs
 
Lease Cancellation
and Other Costs
 
Total
Accrued Balance at December 31, 2016
$
15

 
$
6

 
$
21

Restructuring provision
38

 
37

 
75

Adjustments to prior accruals
(5
)
 
(2
)
 
(7
)
Total Net Current Period Charges
33

 
35

 
68

Payments against reserve and currency
(34
)
 
(15
)
 
(49
)
Accrued Balance at September 30, 2017
$
14

 
$
26

 
$
40


In addition, the Company recorded professional support costs associated with the strategic transformation program in Restructuring and related costs of $0 million and $8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

The following table summarizes the total amount of costs incurred in connection with these restructuring programs by segment:

 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Commercial Industries
 
$
21

 
$
13

 
$
48

 
$
44

Public Sector
 
7

 
7

 
15

 
21

Other
 
4

 
2

 
5

 
3

Total Net Restructuring Charges
 
$
32

 
$
22

 
$
68

 
$
68


Note 6 – Debt

Long-term debt was as follows:

(in millions)
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Term loan A due 2022
 
$
711

 
$
732

Term loan B due 2023
 
835

 
842

Senior notes due 2024
 
34

 
510

Capital lease obligations
 
30

 
33

Principal debt balance
 
1,610

 
2,117

Debt issuance costs and unamortized discounts
 
(33
)
 
(56
)
Less: current maturities
 
(49
)
 
(82
)
Total Long-term Debt
 
$
1,528

 
$
1,979



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Loans Repricing

On June 28, 2018, the Company entered into Amendment No. 3 (Amendment) to the December 7, 2016 Credit Agreement, which (i) extended the revolving credit maturity from December 7, 2021 to December 7, 2022 and reduced the interest rate on the revolving credit by 0.5% from 2.25% over LIBOR to 1.75% over LIBOR; (ii) extended the maturity date of the Term A Loans from December 7, 2021 to December 7, 2022 and reduced the interest rate by 0.5% from 2.25% over LIBOR to 1.75% over LIBOR, and (iii) reduced the interest rate on the Term B Loans by 0.5% from 3.0% over LIBOR to 2.5% over LIBOR. These transactions resulted in a write-off of unamortized discount and issuance costs of $3 million.

In July 2018, the Company redeemed $476 million of its $510 million 10.5% Senior Notes due 2024. As part of the redemption, the Company paid a premium of $95 million and wrote off the associated unamortized discount and issuance costs of $13 million.

Note 7 – Financial Instruments

The Company is a global company that is exposed to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations in the normal course of its business. As a part of the Company's foreign exchange risk management strategy, the Company uses derivative instruments, primarily forward contracts, to hedge the funding of foreign entities which have a non-dollar functional currency, thereby reducing volatility of earnings or protecting fair values of assets and liabilities.
 
At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had outstanding forward exchange contracts with gross notional values of approximately $144 million and $160 million, respectively. Approximately 60% of these contracts mature within three months, 15% in three to six months, 19% in six to twelve months and 6% in greater than twelve months. Most of these foreign currency derivative contracts are designated as cash flow hedges and did not have a material impact on the Company's balance sheet, income statement or cash flows for the periods presented.

Refer to Note 8 – Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities for additional information regarding the fair value of the Company's foreign exchange forward contracts.
 
Note 8 – Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities

Fair value represents the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. U.S. GAAP established a hierarchy framework to classify the fair value base on the observability of significant inputs to the measurement. The levels of the fair value hierarchy are as follows:

Level 1: Fair value is determined using an unadjusted quoted price in an active market for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2: Fair value is estimated using inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly.

Level 3: Fair value is estimated using unobservable inputs that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

Unless noted herein, the Company's valuation methodologies for assets and liabilities measured at fair value are described in Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

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Summary of Financial Assets and Liabilities Accounted for at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

The following table represents assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The basis for the measurement at fair value in all cases is Level 2. 

(in millions)
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Assets:
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contract - forward
 
$

 
$
2

Total Assets
 
$

 
$
2

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts - forwards
 
$
4

 
$
1

Deferred compensation plan liabilities(1)
 
77

 
99

Total Liabilities
 
$
81

 
$
100

___________

(1)
In September 2017, the Company terminated the legacy deferred compensation plans (Plans) and the Company Owned Life Insurance (COLI), which held the Plans’ investments. The Company will make the remaining payments to Plan participants in the fourth quarter of 2018.

Summary of Other Financial Assets and Liabilities

The estimated fair values of our other financial assets and liabilities were as follows:

 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
(in millions)
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets held for sale
35

 
35

 

 

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
1,528

 
1,536

 
1,979

 
2,070

Liabilities held for sale
21

 
21

 

 


The fair value amounts for Cash and cash equivalents, Restricted cash, Accounts receivable, net and Short-term debt approximate carrying amounts due to the short-term maturities of these instruments.

The fair value of the Assets held for sale and the Liabilities held for sale were measured based on the sale’s price less estimated transactions costs (Level 3). Refer to Note 4 – Assets/Liabilities Held for Sale and Divestitures to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information

The fair value of Long-term debt was estimated based on the current rates offered to the Company for debt of similar maturities (Level 2).
 
Note 9 – Employee Benefit Plans

The Company recognized an expense related to its defined contribution plans of $7 million and $8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $23 million and $27 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.


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Note 10 – Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (AOCL)

Below are the balances and changes in AOCL(1):

(in millions)
 
Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Gains (Losses) on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Defined Benefit Pension Items
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
$
(437
)
 
$
1

 
$
(58
)
 
$
(494
)
Reclassification of amounts impacted by Tax Reform
 

 

 
(5
)
 
(5
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
(27
)
 
(3
)
 

 
(30
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
41

 

 
64

 
105

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
 
14

 
(3
)
 
64

 
75

Balance at September 30, 2018
 
$
(423
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
1

 
$
(424
)

(in millions)
 
Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Gains (Losses) on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Defined Benefit Pension Items
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2016
 
$
(472
)
 
$
(1
)
 
$
(53
)
 
$
(526
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
34

 
2

 

 
36

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
 

 

 

 

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
 
34

 
2

 

 
36

Balance at September 30, 2017
 
$
(438
)
 
$
1

 
$
(53
)
 
$
(490
)
__________
(1)
All amounts are net of tax. Tax effects were immaterial.

Note 11 – Contingencies and Litigation

As more fully discussed below, the Company is involved in a variety of claims, lawsuits, investigations and proceedings concerning: securities law; governmental entity contracting, servicing and procurement law; intellectual property law; environmental law; employment law; commercial and contracts law; the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA); and other laws and regulations. The Company determines whether an estimated loss from a contingency should be accrued by assessing whether a loss is deemed probable and can be reasonably estimated. The Company assesses its potential liability by analyzing its litigation and regulatory matters using available information. The Company develops its view on estimated losses in consultation with outside counsel handling its defense in these matters, which involves an analysis of potential results, assuming a combination of litigation and settlement strategies. Should developments in any of these matters cause a change in the Company's determination as to an unfavorable outcome and result in the need to recognize a material accrual, or should any of these matters result in a final adverse judgment or be settled for significant amounts in excess of any accrual for such matter or matters, this could have a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations, cash flows and financial position in the period or periods in which such change in determination, judgment or settlement occurs. The Company believes it has recorded adequate provisions for any such matters as of September 30, 2018. Litigation is inherently unpredictable, and it is not possible to predict the ultimate outcome of these matters and such outcome in any such matters could be in excess of any amounts accrued and could be material to the Company's results of operations, cash flows or financial position in any reporting period.

Additionally, guarantees, indemnifications and claims arise during the ordinary course of business from relationships with suppliers, customers and non-consolidated affiliates when the Company undertakes an obligation to guarantee the performance of others if specified triggering events occur. Nonperformance under a contract could trigger an obligation of the Company. These potential claims include actions based upon alleged exposures to products, real estate, intellectual property such as patents, environmental matters and other indemnifications. The ultimate effect on future financial results is not subject to reasonable estimation because considerable uncertainty exists as to the final outcome of these claims. However, while the ultimate liabilities resulting from such claims may be significant to results of operations in the period recognized, management does not anticipate they will have a material adverse effect on the condensed consolidated financial position or liquidity. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had accrued its estimate of liability incurred under its indemnification arrangements and guarantees.

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Litigation Against the Company

State of Texas v. Xerox Corporation, Conduent Business Services, LLC (f/k/a Xerox Business Services, LLC), Conduent State Healthcare, LLC (f/k/a Xerox State Healthcare, LLC, f/k/a ACS State Healthcare, LLC) and Conduent Incorporated: On May 9, 2014, the State of Texas, via the Texas Office of Attorney General (the “State”), filed a lawsuit in the 53rd Judicial District Court of Travis County, Texas. The lawsuit alleges that Xerox Corporation, Xerox State Healthcare, LLC and ACS State Healthcare (collectively, the "Xerox Defendants") violated the Texas Medicaid Fraud Prevention Act in the administration of its contract with the Texas Department of Health and Human Services (“HHSC”). The State alleges that the Xerox Defendants made false representations of material facts regarding the processes, procedures, implementation and results regarding the prior authorization of orthodontic claims. The State seeks recovery of amounts paid for orthodontic treatment under the Texas Medicaid program for the period from approximately 2004 to 2012, three times the amount of the payments made as a result of the alleged unlawful acts, civil penalties, pre- and post-judgment interest and all costs and attorneys’ fees. The Xerox Defendants filed their Answer in June, 2014 denying all allegations. A trial date was originally scheduled for November, 2018. During the first quarter of 2018, the State notified the Xerox Defendants in the litigation discovery process that its claim is in excess of two billion dollars based primarily on the assertion of treble damages and civil penalties per illegal act for almost two hundred thousand purported illegal acts. The Xerox Defendants will forcefully contest this assertion and continue to vigorously defend themselves in this matter. During the second quarter of 2018, the trial date was rescheduled for May, 2019. During October of 2018, discussions with the State were undertaken to determine if a mutually acceptable settlement might be reached. Those discussions were not productive. In the wake of those discussions, we have recorded an additional $72 million reserve during the third quarter of 2018, increasing our aggregate reserve for this matter as of September 30, 2018, to $110 million. We are not able to determine or predict with any degree of certainty the ultimate outcome of any future settlement discussions or this proceeding or to estimate any reasonably possible loss or range of losses, if any, in excess of the $110 million the Company has accrued. Should there be in the future a final adverse judgment or settlement for a significant amount in excess of the amount we have accrued, there could be a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations, cash flows, liquidity, financial position and any debt covenants in the period in which such judgment or settlement occurs.

Dennis Nasrawi v. Buck Consultants et al.: On October 8, 2009, plaintiffs filed a lawsuit in the Superior Court of California, Stanislaus County, and on November 24, 2009, the case was removed to the U.S. Court for the Eastern District of California, Fresno Division. Plaintiffs allege actuarial negligence against Buck Consultants, LLC (“Buck”), which was a wholly-owned subsidiary of Conduent, for the use of faulty actuarial assumptions in connection with the 2007 actuarial valuation for the Stanislaus County Employees Retirement Association (“StanCERA”). Plaintiffs allege that the employer contribution rate adopted by StanCERA based on Buck’s valuation was insufficient to fund the benefits promised by the County. On July 13, 2012, the Court entered its ruling that the plaintiffs lacked standing to sue in a representative capacity on behalf of all plan participants. The Court also ruled that plaintiffs had adequately pleaded their claim that Buck allegedly aided and abetted StanCERA in breaching its fiduciary duty. Plaintiffs then filed their Fifth Amended Complaint and added StanCERA to the litigation. Buck and StanCERA filed demurrers to the amended complaint. On September 13, 2012, the Court sustained both demurrers with prejudice, completely dismissing the matter and barring plaintiffs from refiling their claims. Plaintiffs appealed, and ultimately the California Court of Appeals (Sixth District) reversed the trial court’s ruling and remanded the case back to the trial court as to Buck only, and only with respect to Plaintiff’s claim of aiding and abetting StanCERA in breaching its fiduciary duty. This case has been stayed pending the outcome of parallel litigation the plaintiffs are pursuing against StanCERA. Buck will continue to aggressively defend these lawsuits. In August 2018, Conduent sold Buck Consultants, LLC; however, the Company retained this liability after the sale. The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or reasonably provide an estimate or range of estimate of the possible outcome or loss, if any.


Conduent Q3 2018 Form 10-Q
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Conduent Business Services, LLC v. Cognizant Business Services, LLC: On April 12, 2017, Conduent Business Services LLC (“Conduent”) filed a lawsuit against Cognizant Business Services Corporation (“Cognizant”) in the Supreme Court of New York County, New York. The lawsuit relates to the Amended and Restated Master Outsourcing Services Agreement effective as of October 24, 2012, and the service delivery contracts and work orders thereunder, between Conduent and Cognizant, as amended and supplemented (the “Contract”). The Contract contains certain minimum purchase obligations by Conduent through the date of expiration. The lawsuit alleges that Cognizant committed multiple breaches of the Contract, including Cognizant’s failure to properly perform its obligations as subcontractor to Conduent under Conduent’s contract with the New York Department of Health to provide a Medicaid Management Information Systems (the “NY MMIS Contract”). In the lawsuit, Conduent seeks damages in excess of one hundred fifty million dollars. During the first quarter of 2018, Conduent provided notice to Cognizant that it was terminating the Contract for cause and recorded in the same period certain charges associated with the termination. Cognizant has asserted counterclaims against Conduent in the lawsuit seeking damages in excess of twenty-two million dollars and may assert additional counterclaims in the future and seek additional damages. Conduent has responded to Cognizant’s counterclaims by denying the allegations. Conduent will continue to vigorously defend itself against the counterclaims but the Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or reasonably provide an estimate or range of estimate of the possible outcome.

Other Matters

On January 5, 2016, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the "CFPB") notified Xerox Education Services, Inc. (XES) that, in accordance with the CFPB’s discretionary Notice and Opportunity to Respond and Advise (NORA) process, the CFPB’s Office of Enforcement is considering recommending that the CFPB take legal action against XES, alleging that XES violated the Consumer Financial Protection Act’s prohibition of unfair practices. Should the CFPB commence an action, it may seek restitution, civil monetary penalties, injunctive relief, or other corrective action. The purpose of a NORA letter is to provide a party being investigated an opportunity to present its position to the CFPB before an enforcement action is recommended or commenced. XES submitted its response to the NORA. The CFPB’s NORA stems from an inquiry that commenced in 2014 when XES received and responded to a CFPB Civil Investigative Demand containing a broad request for information. During this process, XES self-disclosed to the U.S. Department of Education (the "Department") and the CFPB certain adjustments of which it had become aware that had not been timely made relating to its servicing of a small percentage of third-party student loans under outsourcing arrangements for various financial institutions. The CFPB, the U.S. Department of Education, the U.S. Department of Justice, the New York Office of the Attorney General, the New York Department of Financial Services and the Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General began similar reviews. XES has cooperated and continues to fully cooperate with all regulatory agencies and resolved the Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General investigation in November 2016. Both as a result of these inquiries, its own reviews of operations and work performed by external auditors, XES has identified certain other operational issues requiring remediation, and this remediation work has commenced. XES disclosed these additional operational projects to the Department at the end of the second quarter of 2018 and is working with the Department to develop plans to complete these projects. In the third quarter of 2018, the Company exited the Student Loan Services business. The Company cannot provide assurance that the CFPB, another regulator, a financial institution on behalf of which the Company serviced third-party student loans, or another party will not ultimately commence a legal action against XES in which fines, penalties or other liabilities are sought from XES. Nor is the Company able to predict the likely outcome of these matters, should any such matter be commenced. The Company could in future periods incur judgments or enter into settlements to resolve these potential matters for amounts in excess of current reserves and there could be a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations, cash flows and financial position in the period in which such change in judgment or settlement occurs.


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Other Contingencies

Certain contracts, primarily in the Company's Public Sector segment, require the Company to provide a surety bond or a letter of credit as a guarantee of performance. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had $631 million of outstanding surety bonds used to secure its performance of contractual obligations with its clients and $345 million of outstanding letters of credit issued to secure the Company's performance of contractual obligations to its clients as well as other corporate obligations. In general, the Company would only be liable for the amount of these guarantees in the event of default in the Company's performance of its obligations under each contract. The Company believes it has sufficient capacity in the surety markets and liquidity from its cash flow and its various credit arrangements (including its Credit Facility) to allow it to respond to future requests for proposals that require such credit support.

Note 12  Preferred Stock

Series A Preferred Stock

In December 2016, the Company issued 120 thousand shares of Series A convertible perpetual preferred stock with an aggregate liquidation preference of $120 million and an initial fair value of $142 million. The convertible preferred stock pays quarterly cash dividends at a rate of 8% per year ($9.6 million per year). Each share of convertible preferred stock is convertible at any time, at the option of the holder, into 44.9438 shares of common stock for a total of 5,393 thousand shares (reflecting an initial conversion price of approximately $22.25 per share of common stock), subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments.

Note 13 – Shareholders’ Equity

(in millions)
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
AOCL
 
Conduent Shareholders'
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
2

 
$
3,850

 
$
171

 
$
(494
)
 
$
3,529

Cash dividends paid - preferred stock

 

 
(7
)
 

 
(7
)
Cumulative impact of adopting the new revenue standard

 

 
17

 

 
17

Reclassification of amounts impacted by Tax Reform

 

 
5

 
(5
)
 

Stock option and incentive plans, net

 
21

 

 

 
21

Comprehensive Income (Loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss)

 

 
(276
)
 

 
(276
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net

 

 

 
75

 
75

Total Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net

 

 
(276
)
 
75

 
(201
)
Balance at September 30, 2018
$
2

 
$
3,871

 
$
(90
)
 
$
(424
)
 
$
3,359

(in millions)
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
AOCL
 
Conduent Shareholders'
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2016
$
2

 
$
3,812

 
$

 
$
(526
)
 
$
3,288

Cash dividends paid - preferred stock

 

 
(7
)
 

 
(7
)
Stock option and incentive plans, net

 
22

 

 

 
22

Comprehensive Income (Loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss)

 

 
(27
)
 

 
(27
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net

 

 

 
36

 
36

Total Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net

 

 
(27
)
 
36

 
9

Balance at September 30, 2017
$
2

 
$
3,834

 
$
(34
)
 
$
(490
)
 
$
3,312



Conduent Q3 2018 Form 10-Q
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Note 14 – Earnings per Share

We did not declare any common stock dividends in the periods presented.

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share of common stock:
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions, except per share data. Shares in thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Basic Earnings (Loss) per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
(237
)
 
$
(17
)
 
$
(276
)
 
$
(31
)
Accrued dividends on preferred stock
 
(2
)
 
(2
)
 
(7
)
 
(7
)
Adjusted Net Income (Loss) From Continuing Operations Available to Common Shareholders
 
(239
)
 
(19
)
 
(283
)
 
(38
)
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations
 

 

 

 
4

Adjusted Net Income (Loss) Available to Common Shareholders
 
$
(239
)
 
$
(19
)
 
$
(283
)
 
$
(34
)
Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
206,605

 
204,356

 
205,739

 
203,838

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings (Loss) per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(1.16
)
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(1.38
)
 
$
(0.19
)
Discontinued operations
 

 

 

 
0.02

Basic Earnings (Loss) per Share
 
$
(1.16
)
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(1.38
)
 
$
(0.17
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
(237
)
 
$
(17
)
 
$
(276
)
 
$
(31
)
Accrued dividends on preferred stock
 
(2
)
 
(2
)
 
(7
)
 
(7
)
Adjusted Net Income (Loss) From Continuing Operations Available to Common Shareholders
 
(239
)
 
(19
)
 
(283
)
 
(38
)
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations
 

 

 

 
4

Adjusted Net Income (Loss) Available to Common Shareholders
 
$
(239
)
 
$
(19
)
 
$
(283
)
 
$
(34
)
Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
206,605

 
204,356

 
205,739

 
203,838

Common shares issuable with respect to:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock options
 

 

 

 

Restricted stock and performance units / shares
 

 

 

 

Adjusted Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding
 
206,605

 
204,356

 
205,739

 
203,838

Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(1.16
)
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(1.38
)
 
$
(0.19
)
Discontinued operations
 

 

 

 
0.02

Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Share
 
$
(1.16
)
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(1.38
)
 
$
(0.17
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The following securities were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share as they were either contingently issuable shares or shares that if included would have been anti-dilutive (shares in thousands):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock Options
 
193

 
415

 
193

 
415

Restricted stock and performance shares/units
 
5,097

 
7,021

 
5,097

 
7,021

Convertible preferred stock
 
5,393

 
5,393

 
5,393

 
5,393

Total Anti-Dilutive Securities
 
10,683

 
12,829

 
10,683

 
12,829

 
Note 15 – Subsequent Event

In October 2018, the Company announced its agreement to acquire Health Solutions Plus (HSP), a leading software provider of healthcare payer administration solutions for approximately $98 million.

Conduent Q3 2018 Form 10-Q
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