10-Q 1 a2018q310qbloomenergycorp.htm 10-Q Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________
 
FORM 10-Q
___________________________________________
(Mark One)
 
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT
For the quarterly period ended: September 30, 2018
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT
 For the transition period from ____________to ____________
 
Commission File Number 001-38598 
___________________________________________
download1.jpg
BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________________________
Delaware
77-0565408
(Sate or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
 
1299 Orleans Drive, Sunnyvale, California
94089
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
 
(408) 543-1500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
___________________________________________

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  þ    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  þ    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  
Large accelerated filer  ¨     Accelerated filer  ¨      Non-accelerated filer  þ      Smaller reporting company  ¨      Emerging growth company  þ
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes  ¨    No  þ
The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of November 2, 2018 is as follows:
Class A Common Stock $0.0001 par value 20,865,308 shares
Class B Common Stock $0.0001 par value 88,551,155 shares




TABLE OF CONTENTS


 
Page
 
 
 
 


2


Part I - Financial Information
ITEM 1 - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Bloom Energy Corporation
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
Current assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents ($5,496 and $9,549, respectively)
 
$
395,516

 
$
103,828

Restricted cash ($3,252 and $7,969, respectively)
 
17,931

 
44,387

Short-term investments
 
4,494

 
26,816

Accounts receivable ($7,377 and $7,680, respectively)
 
41,485

 
30,317

Inventories, net
 
134,725

 
90,260

Deferred cost of revenue
 
66,009

 
92,488

Customer financing receivable ($5,496 and $5,209, respectively)
 
5,496

 
5,209

Prepaid expense and other current assets ($5,727 and $6,365, respectively)
 
32,876

 
26,676

Total current assets
 
698,532

 
419,981

Property, plant and equipment, net ($406,784 and $430,464, respectively)
 
471,074

 
497,789

Customer financing receivable, non-current ($68,535 and $72,677, respectively)
 
68,535

 
72,677

Restricted cash ($27,778 and $26,748, respectively)
 
30,779

 
32,397

Deferred cost of revenue, non-current
 
139,217

 
160,683

Other long-term assets ($4,702 and $3,767, respectively)
 
37,008

 
37,460

Total assets
 
$
1,445,145

 
$
1,220,987

Liabilities, Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable ($549 and $520, respectively)
 
$
59,818

 
$
48,582

Accrued warranty
 
17,975

 
16,811

Accrued other current liabilities ($1,145 and $2,378, respectively)
 
66,873

 
67,649

Deferred revenue and customer deposits ($786 and $786, respectively)
 
105,265

 
118,106

Current portion of debt ($18,498 and $18,446, respectively)
 
20,185

 
18,747

Current portion of debt from related parties ($1,737 and $1,389, respectively)
 
1,737

 
1,389

Total current liabilities
 
271,853

 
271,284

Preferred stock and warrant liabilities
 

 
9,825

Derivative liabilities ($1,826 and $5,060, respectively)
 
9,441

 
156,552

Deferred revenue and customer deposits ($8,894 and $9,482, respectively)
 
290,481

 
309,843

Long-term portion of debt ($293,593 and $306,499, respectively)
 
651,956

 
815,555

Long-term portion of debt from related parties ($34,765 and $35,551, respectively)
 
66,933

 
105,650

Other long-term liabilities ($1,656 and $1,226, respectively)
 
48,161

 
52,915

Total liabilities
 
1,338,825

 
1,721,624

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
 

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interest
 
56,446

 
58,154

Convertible redeemable preferred stock: 80,461,552 shares authorized at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017; no shares and 71,740,162 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Aggregate liquidation preference of $1,441,757 at December 31, 2017.
 

 
1,465,841

Stockholders’ deficit
 
 
 
 
Common stock: $0.0001 par value; Common shares, no shares and 113,333,333 shares authorized at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and no shares and 10,353,269 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
 

 
1

Common stock: $0.0001 par value; Class A shares, 400,000,000 shares and no shares authorized at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and 20,865,308 shares and no shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively; Class B shares, 400,000,000 shares and no shares authorized at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and 88,534,989 shares and no shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
 
11

 

Additional paid-in capital
 
2,387,361

 
150,804

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
272

 
(162
)
Accumulated deficit
 
(2,472,619
)
 
(2,330,647
)
Total stockholders’ deficit
 
(84,975
)
 
(2,180,004
)
Noncontrolling interest
 
134,849

 
155,372

Total equity (deficit)
 
106,320

 
(1,966,478
)
Total liabilities, convertible redeemable preferred stock and equity (deficit)
 
$
1,445,145

 
$
1,220,987

Asset and liability amounts in parentheses represent the portion of the consolidated balance attributable to the variable interest entities.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

3


Bloom Energy Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
 
$
125,690

 
$
45,255

 
$
355,651

 
$
112,855

Installation
 
29,690

 
14,978

 
70,053

 
41,625

Service
 
20,751

 
19,511

 
60,633

 
56,977

Electricity
 
14,059

 
14,021

 
42,095

 
41,288

Total revenue
 
190,190

 
93,765

 
528,432

 
252,745

Cost of revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
 
95,357

 
53,923

 
246,514

 
140,323

Installation
 
40,118

 
14,696

 
87,655

 
42,996

Service
 
22,651

 
30,058

 
66,164

 
69,585

Electricity
 
8,679

 
10,178

 
28,277

 
29,935

Total cost of revenue
 
166,805

 
108,855

 
428,610

 
282,839

Gross profit (loss)
 
23,385

 
(15,090
)
 
99,822

 
(30,094
)
Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
 
27,021

 
12,374

 
56,165

 
35,965

Sales and marketing
 
21,476

 
6,561

 
37,992

 
23,069

General and administrative
 
40,999

 
13,652

 
71,346

 
40,856

Total operating expenses
 
89,496

 
32,587

 
165,503

 
99,890

Loss from operations
 
(66,111
)
 
(47,677
)
 
(65,681
)
 
(129,984
)
Interest expense
 
(17,376
)
 
(26,946
)
 
(62,645
)
 
(73,031
)
Interest expense to related parties
 
(1,443
)

(1,953
)

(5,378
)

(5,785
)
Other income (expense), net
 
762

 
(40
)
 
692

 
93

Gain (loss) on revaluation of warrant liabilities and embedded derivatives
 
1,655

 
572

 
(21,576
)
 
119

Net loss before income taxes
 
(82,513
)
 
(76,044
)
 
(154,588
)
 
(208,588
)
Income tax provision (benefit)
 
(3
)
 
314

 
458

 
756

Net loss
 
(82,510
)
 
(76,358
)
 
(155,046
)
 
(209,344
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
(3,931
)
 
(4,527
)
 
(13,074
)
 
(14,506
)
Net loss attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders
 
$
(78,579
)
 
$
(71,831
)
 
$
(141,972
)
 
$
(194,838
)
Net loss per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders, basic and diluted
 
$
(0.97
)
 
$
(6.97
)
 
$
(4.13
)
 
$
(19.06
)
Weighted average shares used to compute net loss per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders, basic and diluted
 
81,321

 
10,305

 
34,347

 
10,220

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4


Bloom Energy Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to Class A and Class B stockholders
 
$
(78,579
)
 
$
(71,831
)
 
$
(141,972
)
 
$
(194,838
)
Other comprehensive loss, net of taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities
 
1

 
12

 
25

 
12

Change in effective portion of interest rate swap
 
1,240

 
60

 
5,156

 
(243
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
1,241

 
72

 
5,181

 
(231
)
Comprehensive loss
 
(77,338
)
 
(71,759
)
 
(136,791
)
 
(195,069
)
Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
(1,182
)
 
3

 
(4,745
)
 
384

Comprehensive loss attributable to Class A and Class B stockholders
 
$
(78,520
)
 
$
(71,756
)
 
$
(141,536
)
 
$
(194,685
)
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5


Bloom Energy Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest, Noncontrolling Interest, Common Stock and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
(in thousands, except share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock
 
Class A and Class B
Common Stock
Additional Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Gain (Loss)
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Redeemable  
Noncontrolling  
Interest
 
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Total
Equity (Deficit)
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balances at December 31, 2017
71,740,162

 
$
1,465,841

 
10,353,269

 
$
1

 
$
150,804

 
$
(162
)
 
$
(2,330,647
)
 
$
58,154

 
$
155,372

 
$
(1,966,478
)
Issuance of Class A common stock upon public offering, net

 

 
20,700,000

 
2

 
282,278

 

 

 

 

 
282,280

Issuance of Class B common stock on convertible notes

 

 
5,734,440

 
1

 
221,579

 

 

 

 

 
221,580

Issuance of Class A and B common stock upon exercise of warrants

 

 
312,575

 

¹

 

 

 

 

 

Conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock Series A-G
(71,740,162
)
 
(1,465,841
)
 
71,740,162

 
7

 
1,465,834

 

 

 

 

 
1,465,841

Reclassification of redeemable convertible preferred stock warrant liability to additional paid-in capital

 

 

 

 
882

 

 

 

 

 
882

Reclassification of derivative liability into additional paid-in capital

 

 

 

 
177,208

 

 

 

 

 
177,208

Issuance of common stock

 

 
166,667

 

¹

2,500

 

 

 

 

 
2,500

Issuance of restricted stock awards

 

 
17,793

 

¹
478

 

 

 

 

 
478

Exercise of stock options

 

 
375,391

 

¹
1,456

 

 

 

 

 
1,456

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 
84,342

 

 

 

 

 
84,342

Unrealized loss on available-for-sale securities

 

 

 

 

 
25

 

 

 

 
25

Change in effective portion of interest rate swap agreement

 

 

 

 

 
409

 

 
2

 
4,745

 
5,156

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(6,501
)
 
(7,403
)
 
(13,904
)
Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 
(141,972
)
 
4,791

 
(17,865
)
 
(155,046
)
Balances at September 30, 2018

 
$

 
109,400,297

 
$
11

 
$
2,387,361

 
$
272

 
$
(2,472,619
)
 
$
56,446

 
$
134,849

 
$
106,320

¹ Amounts are less than $0.5 thousand and round down to zero
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

6


Bloom Energy Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest, Noncontrolling Interest, Common Stock and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
(in thousands, except share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock
 
Class A and Class B
Common Stock
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Gain (Loss)
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Redeemable  
Noncontrolling  
Interest
 
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Total
Equity (Deficit)
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
Additional Paid-In
Capital
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balances at June 30, 2018
71,740,162

 
$
1,465,841

 
10,570,641

 
$
1

 
$
166,803

 
$
216

 
$
(2,394,040
)
 
$
54,940

 
$
141,433

 
$
(2,030,647
)
Issuance of Class A common stock upon public offering, net

 

 
20,700,000

 
2

 
282,278

 

 

 

 

 
282,280

Issuance of Class B common stock on convertible notes

 

 
5,734,440

 
1

 
221,579

 

 

 

 

 
221,580

Issuance of Class A and B common stock upon exercise of warrants

 

 
312,575

 

¹

 

 

 

 

 

Conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock Series A-G
(71,740,162
)
 
(1,465,841
)
 
71,740,162

 
7

 
1,465,834

 

 

 

 

 
1,465,841

Reclassification of redeemable convertible preferred stock warrant liability to additional paid-in capital

 

 

 

 
882

 

 

 

 

 
882

Reclassification of derivative liability into additional paid-in capital

 

 

 

 
177,208

 

 

 

 

 
177,208

Issuance of common stock

 

 
166,667

 

¹
2,500

 

 

 

 

 
2,500

Issuance of restricted stock awards

 

 
14,178

 

¹
238

 

 

 

 

 
238

Exercise of stock options

 

 
161,634

 

¹
714

 

 

 

 

 
714

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 
69,325

 

 

 

 

 
69,325

Unrealized loss on available-for-sale securities

 

 

 

 

 
1

 

 

 

 
1

Change in effective portion of interest rate swap agreement

 

 

 

 

 
55

 

 

 
1,185

 
1,240

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(288
)
 
(2,044
)
 
(2,332
)
Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 
(78,579
)
 
1,794

 
(5,725
)
 
(82,510
)
Balances at September 30, 2018

 
$

 
109,400,297

 
$
11

 
$
2,387,361

 
$
272

 
$
(2,472,619
)
 
$
56,446

 
$
134,849

 
$
106,320

¹ Amounts are less than $0.5 thousand and round down to zero
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



7


Bloom Energy Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest, Noncontrolling Interest, Common Stock and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
(in thousands, except share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Gain (Loss)
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Redeemable  
Noncontrolling  
Interest
 
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Total
Deficit
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balances at December 31, 2016
71,740,162

 
$
1,465,841

 
10,132,220

 
$
1

 
$
108,647

 
$
(542
)
 
$
(2,068,048
)
 
$
59,320

 
$
175,668

 
$
(1,724,954
)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
13,651

 
13,651

Issuance of common stock warrant

 

 

 

 
9,410

 

 

 

 

 
9,410

Issuance of common stock

 

 
64,000

 

¹
1,981

 

 

 

 

 
1,981

Exercise of stock options

 

 
111,601

 

¹
336

 

 

 

 

 
336

Issuance of restricted stock awards

 

 
19,650

 

¹
682

 

 

 

 

 
682

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 
21,540

 

 

 

 

 
21,540

Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities

 

 

 

 

 
12

 

 

 

 
12

Change in effective portion of interest rate swap agreement

 

 

 

 

 
142

 

 
(1
)
 
(384
)
 
(243
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(4,816
)
 
(8,910
)
 
(13,726
)
Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 
(194,838
)
 
2,486

 
(16,992
)
 
(209,344
)
Balances at September 30, 2017
71,740,162

 
$
1,465,841

 
10,327,471

 
$
1

 
$
142,596

 
$
(388
)
 
$
(2,262,886
)
 
$
56,989

 
$
163,033

 
$
(1,900,655
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balances at June 30, 2017
71,740,162

 
$
1,465,841

 
10,282,645

 
$
1

 
$
124,859

 
$
(466
)
 
$
(2,191,055
)
 
$
55,814

 
$
171,459

 
$
(1,839,388
)
Issuance of common stock warrant

 

 

 

 
9,410

 

 

 

 

 
9,410

Issuance of common stock

 

 
5,333

 

¹
165

 

 

 

 

 
165

Exercise of stock options

 

 
23,529

 

¹
109

 

 

 

 

 
109

Issuance of restricted stock awards

 

 
15,964

 

¹
568

 

 

 

 

 
568

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 
7,485

 

 

 

 

 
7,485

Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities

 

 

 

 

 
12

 

 

 

 
12

Change in effective portion of interest rate swap agreement

 

 

 

 

 
66

 

 
(2
)
 
(4
)
 
60

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(288
)
 
(2,430
)
 
(2,718
)
Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 
(71,831
)
 
1,465

 
(5,992
)
 
(76,358
)
Balances at September 30, 2017
71,740,162

 
$
1,465,841

 
10,327,471

 
$
1

 
$
142,596

 
$
(388
)
 
$
(2,262,886
)
 
$
56,989

 
$
163,033

 
$
(1,900,655
)

8


Bloom Energy Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(155,046
)
 
$
(209,344
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation
 
32,141

 
34,968

Write-off of property, plant and equipment, net
 
901

 
6

Revaluation of derivative contracts
 
26,761

 
(2,764
)
Stock-based compensation
 
87,451

 
22,349

Loss on long-term REC purchase contract
 
150

 
60

Revaluation of stock warrants
 
(9,109
)
 
324

Amortization of interest expense from preferred stock warrants
 
776

 
797

Amortization of debt issuance cost
 
2,906

 
2,294

Amortization of debt discount from embedded derivatives
 
16,597

 
31,578

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
(11,168
)
 
(2,093
)
Inventories, net
 
(44,465
)
 
31

Deferred cost of revenue
 
47,945

 
(64,786
)
Customer financing receivable and others
 
3,736

 
4,392

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
(6,514
)
 
(5,816
)
Other long-term assets
 
1,052

 
2,948

Accounts payable
 
11,236

 
(2,311
)
Accrued warranty
 
1,164

 
(1,766
)
Accrued other current liabilities
 
1,885

 
2,030

Deferred revenue and customer deposits
 
(32,203
)
 
87,551

Other long-term liabilities
 
10,156

 
34,453

Net cash used in operating activities
 
(13,648
)
 
(65,099
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Purchase of property, plant and equipment
 
(4,333
)
 
(4,063
)
Payments for acquisition of intangible assets
 
(2,762
)
 
(240
)
Purchase of marketable securities
 
(15,732
)
 
(26,825
)
Proceeds from maturity of marketable securities
 
38,250

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
15,423

 
(31,128
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Borrowings from issuance of debt
 

 
100,000

Repayment of debt
 
(14,036
)
 
(16,263
)
Repayment of debt to related parties
 
(990
)
 
(644
)
Debt issuance costs
 

 
(6,108
)
Proceeds from noncontrolling and redeemable noncontrolling interests
 

 
13,652

Distributions to noncontrolling and redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
(14,192
)
 
(20,725
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
 
1,456

 
336

Proceeds from public offerings, net of underwriting discounts and commissions
 
292,529

 

Payments of initial public offering issuance costs
 
(2,928
)
 

Net cash provided by financing activities
 
261,839

 
70,248

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
 
263,614

 
(25,979
)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash:
 
 
 
 
Beginning of period
 
180,612

 
217,915

End of period
 
$
444,226

 
$
191,936

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for interest
 
$
30,601

 
$
16,874

Cash paid during the period for taxes
 
1,052

 
368

Non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Liabilities recorded for property, plant and equipment
 
1,874

 
72

Liabilities recorded for intangible assets
 
3,180

 

Issuance of common stock warrant
 

 
9,410

Reclassification of redeemable convertible preferred stock warrant liability to additional paid-in capital
 
882

 

Conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock into additional paid-in capital
 
1,465,841

 

Conversion of 8% convertible promissory notes into additional paid-in capital
 
221,579

 

Reclassification of derivative liability into additional paid-in capital
 
177,208

 

Liabilities recorded for initial public offering in accounts payable
 
1,431

 

Reclassification of prior year prepaid initial public offering costs to additional paid-in capital
 
5,894

 

Issuance of common stock
 

 
1,981

Accrued distributions to Equity Investors
 
288

 
855

Accrued interest and issuance for notes
 
20,101

 
21,737

Accrued interest and issuance for notes to related parties
 
1,229

 
3,207

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

9


Bloom Energy Corporation
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
1. Nature of Business and Liquidity
Nature of Business
Bloom Energy Corporation (together with its subsidiaries, the Company or Bloom Energy) designs, manufactures and sells solid-oxide fuel cell systems, or Energy Servers, for on-site power generation. The Company’s Energy Servers utilize an innovative fuel cell technology. The Energy Servers provide efficient energy generation with reduced operating costs and lower greenhouse gas emissions. By generating power where it is consumed, the systems offer increased electrical reliability and improved energy security while providing a path to energy independence. The Company was originally incorporated in Delaware under the name of Ion America Corporation on January 18, 2001 and was renamed on September 16, 2006 to Bloom Energy Corporation. To date, substantially all of the Company’s revenue has been derived from customers based in the United States.
Liquidity
The Company incurred operating losses and negative cash flows from operations since its inception. The Company’s ability to achieve its long-term business objectives is dependent upon, among other things, raising additional capital, the acceptance of its products and attaining future profitability. Management believes that the Company will be successful in raising additional financing from its stockholders or from other sources, in expanding operations and in gaining market share. In July 2018, the Company successfully completed an initial public stock offering (IPO) with the sale of 20,700,000 shares of Class A common stock at a price of $15.00 per share, resulting in net cash proceeds of $282.3 million net of underwriting discounts, commissions and offering costs. However, there can be no assurance that in the event the Company requires additional financing, such financing will be available on terms which are favorable or at all.
Common Stock
In July 2018 and just prior to the closing of the Company's IPO, the Board of Directors (the "Board") and stockholders approved the Twelfth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation which authorized two new classes of common stock, Class A common stock and Class B common stock, and did not reauthorize the old 113,333,333 shares of common stock. As of July 18, 2018, the Company has 400,000,000 shares of Class A common stock authorized with a par value of $0.0001 per share and 400,000,000 shares of Class B common stock authorized with a par value of $0.0001 per share. All shares of old common stock outstanding immediately prior to the IPO were converted into an equivalent number of shares of Class B common stock. Shares of Class B common stock are voluntarily convertible into shares of Class A common stock at the option of the holder upon transfer.  Class B common stock will automatically convert into Class A common stock without further action by the Company or the holder thereof, into Class A Common Stock, on the first to occur: (i) the fifth anniversary of the IPO, (ii) when the outstanding shares of Class B Common Stock represent less than five percent (5)% of the aggregate number of shares of Class A and Class B Common Stock then outstanding, (iii) a date and time, or upon an event specified in writing and delivered by KR Sridhar to the Board to convert all shares of Class B Common Stock, or (iv) immediately following the date of the death of KR Sridhar, whichever comes first.
Still authorized are 80,461,552 shares of Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock having rights and preferences, including voting rights, designated from time to time by the Board. All shares of Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock outstanding immediately prior to the IPO were automatically converted into an equivalent number of shares of Class B common stock.
Holders of Class A common stock are entitled to one vote for each share of Class A common stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Holders of Class B common stock are entitled to ten votes for each share of Class B common stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Except with respect to voting, the rights, preferences, powers and restrictions of the holders of Class A and Class B common stock are identical.
In July 2018, the Company completed an initial public offering of its common shares wherein 20,700,000 shares of Class A common stock were sold into the market. Added to existing shares of Class B common stock were shares mandatorily converted from various financial instruments as a result of the IPO. See Note 8 - Convertible Notes, Convertible Preferred Stock and Common and Preferred Stock Warrants.


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2. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements
The consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2018, the consolidated statements of operations and the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss, the consolidated statements of convertible redeemable preferred stock, common stock and stockholders' equity (deficit) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, and 2017, the consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 as well as other information disclosed in the accompanying notes, are unaudited. The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of that date. The interim consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with the annual consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes contained within the Company's Form S-1 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission which was declared effective on July 24, 2018.
The Company's consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (US GAAP) for interim financial information and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations for the periods presented.
Principles of Consolidation
These consolidated financial statements reflect the accounts and operations of the Company and those of its subsidiaries in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. The Company uses a qualitative approach in assessing the consolidation requirement for its variable interest entities, which the Company refers to as its power purchase agreement entities (PPA Entities). This approach focuses on determining whether the Company has the power to direct those activities of the PPA Entities that most significantly affect their economic performance and whether the Company has the obligation to absorb losses, or the right to receive benefits, that could potentially be significant to the PPA Entities. For all periods presented, the Company has determined that it is the primary beneficiary in all of its operational PPA Entities. The Company evaluates its relationships with the PPA Entities on an ongoing basis to ensure that it continues to be the primary beneficiary. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. For additional information, see Note 12 - Power Purchase Agreement Programs.
Use of Estimates 
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Significant estimates include assumptions used to compute the best estimate of selling-prices (BESP), the fair value of lease and non-lease components such as estimated output, efficiency and residual value of the Energy Servers, estimates for inventory write-downs, estimates for future cash flows and the economic useful lives of property, plant and equipment, the valuation of other long-term assets, the valuation of certain accrued liabilities such as derivative valuations, estimates for accrued warranty and extended maintenance, estimates for recapture of U.S. Treasury grants and similar grants, estimates for income taxes and deferred tax asset valuation allowances, warrant liabilities, stock-based compensation costs and estimates for the allocation of profit and losses to the noncontrolling interests. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions and conditions.
Authorized Shares and Reverse Stock Split
The Company’s board of directors and stockholders approved an amended and restated certificate of incorporation to effect a 2-for-3 reverse stock split of the Company’s Class B common stock on July 5, 2018 and July 18, 2018, respectively. The Company filed the amended and restated certificate of incorporation on July 19, 2018 that effected the 2-for-3 reverse stock split. The financial statements have been retrospectively adjusted to give effect to the reverse stock split, including reclassifying an amount equal to the reduction in par value of Class B common stock to accumulated deficit.
Revenue Recognition
The Company primarily earns revenue from the sale and installation of its Energy Servers both to direct and to lease customers by providing services under its operations and maintenance services contracts and by selling electricity to customers under power purchase agreements. The Company offers its customers several ways to finance their purchase of a Bloom Energy Server. Customers may choose to purchase the Company’s Energy Servers outright. Customers may also lease the Company’s Energy Servers through one of the Company’s financing partners via the Company’s managed services program or as a traditional lease. Finally, customers may purchase electricity through the Company’s Power Purchase Agreement Programs.
Direct Sales - To date, the Company has never sold an Energy Server without a maintenance service agreement, or vice-versa, nor does it have plans to do so in the near future. As a result, the Company recognizes revenue from contracts with

11


customers for the sales of products and services included within these contracts in accordance with ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition for Multiple-Element Arrangements.
Revenue from the sale and installation of Energy Servers to direct customers is recognized when all of the following criteria are met: 
Persuasive Evidence of an Arrangement Exists. The Company relies upon non-cancelable sales agreements and purchase orders to determine the existence of an arrangement.
Delivery and Acceptance has Occurred. The Company uses shipping documents and confirmation from the Company’s installations team that the deployed systems are running at full power as defined in each contract to verify delivery and acceptance.
The Fee is Fixed or Determinable. The Company assesses whether the fee is fixed or determinable based on the payment terms associated with the transaction.
Collectability is Reasonably Assured. The Company assesses collectability based on the customer’s credit analysis and payment history.
Most of the Company’s arrangements are multiple-element arrangements with a combination of Energy Servers, installation and maintenance services. Products and services, including installation, generally qualify as separate units of accounting. For multiple-element arrangements, the Company allocates revenue to each unit of accounting based on an estimated selling price at the arrangement inception. The estimated selling price for each element is based upon the following hierarchy: vendor-specific objective evidence (VSOE) of selling price, if available; third-party evidence (TPE) of selling price, if VSOE of selling price is not available; or best estimate of selling price (BESP) if neither VSOE of selling price nor TPE of selling price are available. The total arrangement consideration is allocated to each separate unit of accounting using the relative estimated selling prices of each unit based on the aforementioned selling price hierarchy. The Company limits the amount of revenue recognized for delivered elements to an amount that is not contingent upon future delivery of additional products or services or upon meeting any specified performance conditions.
The Company has not been able to obtain reliable evidence of the selling price of the standalone Energy Server. Given that the Company has never sold an Energy Server without a maintenance service agreement, and vice-versa, the Company has no evidence of selling prices for either and virtually no customers have elected to cancel their maintenance agreements while continuing to operate the Energy Servers. The Company’s objective is to determine the price at which it would transact business if the items were being sold separately. As a result, the Company's estimate of its selling price is driven primarily by its expected margin on both the Energy Server and maintenance service agreement based on their respective costs or, in the case of maintenance service agreements, the estimated costs to be incurred during the service period.
Costs for Energy Servers include all direct and indirect manufacturing costs, applicable overhead costs and costs for normal production inefficiencies (i.e., variances). The Company then applies a margin to the Energy Servers to determine the selling price to be used in its BESP model. Costs for maintenance service arrangements are estimated over the life of the maintenance contracts and include estimated future service costs and future product costs. Product costs over the period of the service arrangement are impacted significantly by the longevity of the fuel cells themselves. After considering the total service costs, the Company applies a slightly lower margin to its service costs than to its Energy Servers as it best reflects the Company’s long-term service margin expectations.
As the Company’s business offerings and eligibility for the Investment Tax Credit, or ITC, evolve over time, the Company may be required to modify its estimated selling prices in subsequent periods and the Company’s revenue could be adversely affected.
The Company does not offer extended payment terms or rights of return for its products. Upon shipment of the product, the Company defers the product’s revenue until the acceptance criteria have been met. Such amounts are recorded within deferred revenue in the consolidated balance sheets. The related cost of such product is also deferred as a component of deferred cost of goods sold in the consolidated balance sheets until customer acceptance. Prior to shipment of the product, any prepayment made by the customer is recorded as customer deposits. Customer deposits were $19.1 million and $10.2 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and were included in deferred revenue and customer deposits in the consolidated balance sheets.
Traditional Leases - Under this financing option, the Company sells its Energy Servers through a direct sale to a financing partner who, in turn, leases the Energy Servers to the customer under a lease agreement between the customer and the financing partner. In addition, the Company contracts with the customer to provide extended maintenance services from the end of the standard one-year warranty period extending for the remaining duration of the lease term.

12


Payments received are recorded within deferred revenue in the consolidated balance sheets until the acceptance criteria as defined within the customer contract are met. The related cost of such product is also deferred as a component of deferred cost in the consolidated balance sheets, until acceptance.
The Company also sells extended maintenance services to its customers that effectively extend the standard warranty coverage. Payments from customers for the extended maintenance contracts are received at the beginning of each service year. Accordingly, the customer payment received is recorded as deferred revenue and revenue is recognized ratably over the extended maintenance contract.
As discussed within the Direct Sales section above, the Company’s arrangements with its traditional lease customers are also multiple-element arrangements as they include a combination of Energy Servers, installation and extended maintenance services. Accordingly, the Company recognizes revenue from contracts with customers for the sales of products and services included within these contracts in accordance with ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition - Multiple-Element Arrangements.
Extended Maintenance Services - The Company typically provides to its direct sales customers a standard one-year warranty against manufacturing or performance defects. The Company also sells to these customers extended maintenance services that effectively extend the standard one-year warranty coverage at the customer’s option. These customers generally have an option to renew or cancel the extended maintenance services on an annual basis. Revenue is recognized from extended maintenance services ratably over the term of the service (or annual renewal period) using the estimates of value, as discussed above.
Sale-Leaseback (Managed Services) - The Company is a party to master lease agreements that provide for the sale of Energy Servers to third-parties and the simultaneous leaseback of the systems, which the Company then subleases to its customers. In sale-leaseback sublease arrangements (also referred to as managed services), the Company first determines whether the Energy Servers under the sale-leaseback arrangement are “integral equipment”. An Energy Server is determined to be integral equipment when the cost to remove the system from its existing location, including the shipping costs of the Energy Server at the new site including any diminution in fair value, exceeds 10% of the fair value of the Energy Server at the time of its original installation. As the Energy Servers are determined not to be integral equipment, the Company determines if the leaseback is classified as a capital lease or an operating lease.
The Company’s managed services arrangements are classified as operating leases. As operating leases, the Company recognizes a portion of the net revenue, net of any commitments made to the customer to cover liabilities associated with insurance, property taxes and/or incentives recorded as managed service liabilities, and the associated cost of sale and then defers the portion of net revenue and cost of sale that represents the gross profit that is equal to the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the master leaseback term. For both capital and operating leasebacks, the Company records the net deferred gross profit in its consolidated balance sheet as deferred income and then amortizes the deferred income over the leaseback term as a reduction to the leaseback rental expense included in operating leases.
In connection with the Company’s common stock award agreement with a managed services customer, the share issuances are recorded as a reduction of product revenue when the installation milestones are achieved and are recorded as additional paid-in capital when the shares are issued.
Revenue Recognized from Power Purchase Agreement Programs (See Note 12)
In 2010, the Company began offering its Energy Servers through its Bloom Electrons financing program. This program is financed via a special purpose Investment Company and Operating Company, referred to as a PPA Entity, and are owned partly by the Company and partly by third-party investors. The investors contribute cash to the PPA Entity in exchange for an equity interest, which then allows the PPA Entity to purchase the Energy Server from the Company. The cash contributions held are classified as short-term or long-term restricted cash according to the terms of each power purchase agreement (PPA). As the Company identifies end customers, the PPA Entity enters into a PPA with the end customer pursuant to which the customer agrees to purchase the power generated by the Energy Server at a specified rate per kilowatt hour for a specified term, which can range from 10 to 21 years. The PPA Entity typically enters into a maintenance services agreement with the Company following the first year of service to extend the standard one-year warranty service and performance guarantees. This intercompany arrangement is eliminated in consolidation. Those power purchase agreements that qualify as leases are classified as either sales-type leases or operating leases and those that do not qualify as leases are classified as tariff agreements. For both operating leases and tariff agreements, income is recognized as contractual amounts are due when the electricity is generated and presented within Electricity Revenue on the consolidated statements of operations.
Sales-Type Leases - Certain arrangements entered into by certain Operating Companies, including Bloom Energy 2009 PPA Project Company, LLC (PPA I), 2012 ESA Project Company, LLC (PPA Company IIIa) and 2013B ESA Project Company, LLC (PPA Company IIIb), qualify as sales-type leases in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting

13


Standards Codification Topic 840, Leases (ASC 840). The Company is responsible for the installation, operation and maintenance of the Energy Servers at the customers' sites, including running the Energy Servers during the term of the PPA which ranges from 10 to 15 years. Based on the terms of the customer contracts, the Company may also be obligated to supply fuel for the Energy Servers. The amount billed for the delivery of the electricity to PPA I’s customers primarily consists of returns on the amounts financed including interest revenue, service revenue and fuel revenue for certain arrangements.
The Company is obligated to supply fuel to the Energy Servers that deliver electricity under the PPA I agreements. Based on the customer offtake agreements, the customers pay an all-inclusive rate per kWh of electricity produced by the Energy Servers. The consideration received under the PPA I agreements primarily consists of returns on the amounts financed including interest revenue, service revenue and fuel revenue on the consolidated statements of operations.
As the Power Purchase Agreement Programs contain a lease, the consideration received is allocated between the lease elements (lease of property and related executory costs) and non-lease elements (other products and services, excluding any derivatives) based on relative fair value in accordance with ASC 605-25-13A (b). Lease elements include the leased system and the related executory costs (i.e. installation of the system, electricity generated by the system, maintenance costs). Non-lease elements include service, fuel and interest related to the leased systems.
Service revenue and fuel revenue are recognized over the term of the PPA as electricity is generated. The interest component related to the leased system is recognized as interest revenue over the life of the lease term. The customer has the option to purchase the Energy Servers at the then fair market value at the end of the PPA contract term.
Service revenue related to sales-type leases of $0.8 million and $1.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and service revenue of $2.6 million and $3.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, is included in electricity revenue in the consolidated statements of operations. Fuel revenue of $0.1 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and fuel revenue of $0.4 million and $0.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, is included in electricity revenue in the consolidated statements of operations. Interest revenue of $0.4 million and $0.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and interest revenue of $1.1 million and $1.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, is included in electricity revenue in the consolidated statements of operations.
Product revenue associated with the sale of the Energy Servers under the PPAs that qualify as sales-type leases is recognized at the present value of the minimum lease payments, which approximates fair value, assuming all other conditions for revenue recognition noted above have also been met. A sale is typically recognized as revenue when an Energy Server begins generating electricity and has been accepted, which is consistent across all purchase options in that acceptance generally occurs after the Energy Server has been installed and is running at full power as defined in each contract. There was no product revenue recognized under sales-type leases for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.
Operating Leases - Certain Power Purchase Agreement Program leases entered into by PPA Company IIIa, PPA Company IIIb, 2014 ESA Holdco, LLC (PPA Company IV) and 2015 ESA Holdco, LLC (PPA Company V) that are leases in substance but do not meet the criteria of sales-type leases or direct financing leases in accordance with ASC 840 are accounted for as operating leases. Revenue under these arrangements is recognized as electricity sales and service revenue and is provided to the customer at rates specified under the contracts. During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, revenue from electricity sales amounted to $7.8 million and $7.4 million, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, revenue from electricity sales amounted to $23.2 million and $21.6 million, respectively. During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, service revenue amounted to $3.8 million and $3.8 million, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, service revenue amounted to $11.4 million and $11.6 million, respectively.
Tariff Agreement - PPA Company II entered into an agreement with Delmarva, PJM Interconnection (PJM), a regional transmission organization, and the State of Delaware under which PPA Company II provides the energy generated from its Energy Servers to PJM and receives a tariff as collected by Delmarva.
Revenue at the tariff rate is recognized as electricity sales and service revenue as it is generated over the term of the arrangement. Revenue relating to power generation at the Delmarva site of $5.8 million and $5.9 million for three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and revenue relating to power generation at the Delmarva sites of $17.3 million and $17.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, is included in electricity sales in the consolidated statements of operations. Revenue relating to power generation at the Delmarva site of $3.4 million and $3.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and revenue relating to power generation at the Delmarva sites of $10.3 million and $10.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, is included in service revenue in the consolidated statements of operations.

14


Incentives and Grants
Self-Generation Incentive Program (SGIP) - The Company’s PPA Entities’ customers receive payments under the SGIP, which is a program specific to the State of California that provides financial incentives for the installation of new and qualifying self-generation equipment that the Company owns. The SGIP funds are assigned to the PPA Entities by the customers and are recorded as other current assets and other long-term assets until received. For sales-type leases, the benefit of the SGIP funds are recorded as deferred revenue which is recognized as revenue when the Energy Server is accepted. For operating leases, the benefit of the SGIP funds are recorded as deferred revenue which is amortized on a straight-line basis over the PPA contract period. The SGIP program issues 50% of the fully anticipated amount in the first year the equipment is placed into service. The remaining incentive is then paid based on the size of the equipment (i.e., nameplate kilowatt capacity) over the subsequent five years. The SGIP program has operational criteria primarily related to fuel mixture and minimum output for the first five years after the qualified equipment is placed in service. If the operational criteria are not fulfilled, it could result in a partial refund of funds received. The SGIP program will expire on January 1, 2021.
The Company received $0.2 million and $0.3 million of SGIP funds for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and $1.0 million and $2.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. There were no reductions or refunds of SGIP funds during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and no accrual has been made for a refund of any incentives.
The Company makes SGIP reservations on behalf of certain of the PPA Entities. However, the PPA Entity receives the SGIP funds directly from the program and, therefore, bears the risk of loss if these funds are not paid.
U.S. Treasury Grants - The Company is eligible for U.S. Treasury grants on eligible property as defined under Section 1603 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. However, to be eligible for the U.S. Treasury grants, a fuel cell system must have commenced construction in 2011 either physically or through the commitment of sufficient project costs. For fuel cell systems under Power Purchase Agreement Programs, U.S. Treasury grants are considered a component of minimum lease payments. For fuel cell systems deployed under tariff legislation, the Company recorded the fuel cell systems net of the U.S. Treasury grants. U.S. Treasury grant receivables are classified as other current assets in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. For operating leases, the benefit of the U.S. Treasury grant is recorded as deferred revenue and is amortized on a straight-line basis over the PPA contract period. No such grant funds have been accrued or received in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.
Investment Tax Credits - Through December 31, 2016, the Company’s Energy Servers were eligible for federal ITCs that accrued to eligible property under Internal Revenue Code Section 48. Under the Company's Power Purchase Agreement Programs, ITCs are primarily passed through to Equity Investors with approximately 1% to 10% of incentives received by the Company. These incentives are accounted for by using the flow-through method. On February 9, 2018, the U.S. Congress passed legislation to extend the federal investment tax credits for fuel cell systems applicable retroactively to January 1, 2017. Due to this reinstatement of ITC in 2018, the benefit of ITC to total revenue was $125.7 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018, which included $45.5 million of revenue benefit related to the retroactive ITC for 2017 acceptances.
The ITC program has operational criteria for the first five years after the qualified equipment is placed in service. If the qualified energy property is disposed or otherwise ceases to be investment credit property before the close of the five year recapture period is fulfilled, it could result in a partial reduction of the incentives. No ITC recapture has occurred during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.
Renewable Energy Credits (RECs) - RECs are tradeable energy credits that represent one megawatt hour of electricity generated from an eligible renewable energy resource generated in the U.S. RECs are primarily "held for use" and are presented as part of other current assets and other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets until the RECs are sold and accounted for as revenue. The Company accounts for such RECs as output from the facility where they originate. The Company values these RECs at the lower of cost or market at the end of each reporting period.
To the extent the PPA Entities do not produce enough RECs to satisfy the requirements under certain PPAs, the Company may also acquire RECs under stand-alone purchase agreements with third parties to satisfy these REC obligations. Under PPAs with certain customers, the PPA Entities are required to deliver a specified quantity of biogas RECs or Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) RECs. In order to meet these obligations, the PPA Entities may enter into REC purchase agreements with third parties to purchase a fixed quantity of the relevant RECs at a fixed price and on a fixed schedule. The PPA Entities utilize the Western Renewable Energy Information System (WREGIS), an independent tracking system for the region covered by the WECC, which allows the PPA Entities to manage RECs purchased and deliver the RECs to satisfy the customer obligation. Purchased RECs used to satisfy customer obligations are recorded at cost and are presented as part of other current assets and other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Costs of RECs purchased are expensed as the obligation to provide such RECs to customers occurs.

15


The Company estimates the number of excess RECs it will ultimately acquire under the non-cancelable purchase contracts over the number required to satisfy its obligations to its customers. The Company records a purchase commitment loss if the fair value of RECs is less than the fixed purchase price amount. The purchase commitment loss is recorded on the consolidated balance sheets as a component of other current liabilities and other long-term liabilities.
Components of Revenue and Cost of Revenue
Revenue - The Company primarily recognizes revenue from the sale and installation of Energy Servers, from the sale of electricity and by providing services under extended operations and under maintenance services contracts (together, service agreements).
Product Revenue - All of the Company’s product revenue is generated from the sale of the Company's Energy Servers to direct purchase and lease customers. The Company generally begins to recognize product revenue from contracts with customers once the Company achieves acceptance; that is, generally when the system has been installed and is running at full power as defined in each contract.
All of the Company’s product arrangements contain multiple elements representing a combination of revenue from Energy Servers, from installation and from maintenance services. Upon acceptance, the Company allocates fair value to each of these elements and the Company limits the amount of revenue recognized for delivered elements up to an amount that is not contingent upon future delivery of additional products or services or upon meeting any specified performance conditions. The sale of the Company’s Energy Servers also includes a standard one-year warranty, the estimated cost of which is recorded as a component of cost of product revenue.
Installation Revenue - All of the Company’s installation revenue is generated from the sale and installation of the Company's Energy Servers to direct purchase and lease customers. The Company generally begins to recognize installation revenue from contracts with customers for the sales of its Energy Servers once the Company achieves acceptance; that is, generally when the system has been installed and running at full power.
Service Revenue - Service revenue is generated from operations and maintenance services agreements that extend the standard one-year warranty coverage beyond the initial first year for Energy Servers sold under direct purchase, traditional lease and managed services sales. Customers can renew these agreements on an annual basis. Revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the renewed one-year service period. The Company anticipates that almost all of its customers will continue to renew their maintenance services agreements each year.
Electricity Revenue - The Company’s PPA Entities purchase Energy Servers from the Company and sell electricity produced by these systems to customers through long-term power purchase agreements (PPAs). Customers are required to purchase all of the electricity produced by the Energy Servers at agreed-upon rates over the course of the PPA's contractual term. The Company recognizes revenue from the PPAs as the electricity is provided over the term of the agreement.
Cost of Product Revenue - Cost of product revenue consists of costs of Energy Servers that the Company sells to direct and lease customers. It includes costs paid to the Company’s materials suppliers, personnel costs, certain allocated costs, shipping costs, provisions for excess and obsolete inventory and the depreciation costs of the Company’s equipment. Estimated standard one-year warranty costs are also included in cost of product revenue, see Warranty Costs below.
Cost of Installation Revenue - Cost of installation revenue consists of the costs to install the Energy Servers that the Company sells to direct and lease customers. It includes costs paid to the Company’s materials and service providers, personnel costs and allocated costs.
Cost of Service Revenue - Cost of service revenue consists of costs incurred under maintenance service contracts for all customers including direct sales, lease and Power Purchase Agreement Program customers. It includes personnel costs for the Company’s customer support organization, certain allocated costs and extended maintenance-related product repair and replacement costs.
Cost of Electricity Revenue - Cost of electricity revenue primarily consists of the depreciation of the cost of the Energy Servers owned by the PPA Entities and the cost of gas purchased in connection with the Company’s first PPA Entity. The cost of electricity revenue is generally recognized over the term of the customer’s PPA contract. The cost of depreciation of the Energy Servers is reduced by the amortization of any U.S. Treasury Department grant payment in lieu of the energy investment tax credit associated with these systems.
Warranty Costs - The Company generally warrants its products sold to its direct customers for one year following the date of acceptance of the products (the “standard one-year warranty”). Additionally as part of its master service agreements (MSAs), the Company provides output and efficiency guarantees (collectively “performance guarantees”) to its customers

16


which contractually guarantee specified levels of efficiency and output. Expenditures related to these obligations have not been material to date.
As part of both its standard one-year warranty and MSA obligations, the Company monitors the operations of the underlying systems including efficiency and output levels. Performance guarantee payments represent maintenance decisions made by the Company and are accounted for as costs of goods sold. To estimate the warranty costs, the Company continuously monitors product returns for warranty failures and maintains the reserve for the related warranty expense based on various factors including historical warranty claims, field monitoring and results of lab testing. The Company’s obligations under its standard product warranty and MSAs are generally in the form of product replacement, repair or reimbursement for higher customer electricity costs. Further, if the Energy Servers run at a lower efficiency or power output than the Company committed under its performance guarantee, the Company will reimburse the customer for this underperformance. The Company’s obligation includes ensuring the customer’s equipment operates at least at the efficiency and power output levels set forth in the customer agreement. The Company’s aggregate reimbursement obligation for this performance guarantee for each order is capped at a portion of the purchase price.
The standard one-year warranty covers defects in materials and workmanship under normal use and service conditions and against manufacturing or performance defects. The Company’s warranty accrual represents its best estimate of the amount necessary to settle future and existing claims during the warranty period as of the balance sheet date. The Company accrues for warranty costs based on estimated costs that may be incurred including material costs, labor costs and higher customer electricity costs should the units not work for extended periods. Estimated costs associated with standard one-year warranty, including the performance guarantee payments, are recorded at the time of sale as a component of costs of goods sold.
Shipping and Handling Costs - The Company records costs related to shipping and handling in cost of revenue.
Sales and Utility Taxes - The Company recognizes revenue on a net basis for taxes charged to its customers and collected on behalf of the taxing authorities.
Components of Operating Expenses
Advertising and Promotion Costs - Expenses related to advertising and promotion of products are charged to sales and marketing expense as incurred. The Company did not incur any material advertising or promotion expenses during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.
Research and Development - The Company conducts internally funded research and development activities to improve anticipated product performance and reduce product life-cycle costs. Research and development costs are expensed as incurred and include salaries and expenses related to employees conducting research and development.
Stock-Based Compensation - The Company accounts for stock options and restricted stock units (RSUs) awarded to employees and non-employee directors under the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification Topic 718 - Compensation-Stock Compensation (ASC 718) using the Black-Scholes valuation model to estimate fair value. The Black-Scholes valuation model requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions regarding the underlying stock’s fair value, the expected life of the option and RSU, the risk-free rate of return interest rate, the expected volatility of the Company's common stock price and the expected dividend yield. In developing estimates used to calculate assumptions, the Company establishes the expected term for employee options and RSUs, as well as expected forfeiture rates, based on the historical settlement experience and after giving consideration to vesting schedules. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised in subsequent periods, if necessary, if actual forfeitures differ from initial estimates. Stock-based compensation expense is recorded net of estimated forfeitures such that expense is recorded only for those stock-based awards that are expected to vest. Previously recognized expense is reversed for the portion of awards forfeited prior to vesting as and when the forfeitures occurred. The Company typically records stock-based compensation expense under the straight-line attribution method over the vesting term, which is generally four years, and records stock-based compensation expense for performance based awards using the graded-vesting method. Stock-based compensation expense is recorded in the consolidated statements of operations based on the employees’ respective function.
Stock-based compensation cost for RSUs is measured based on the fair value of the underlying shares on the date of grant. Up to the date of the Company's IPO, RSUs were subject to a time-based vesting condition and a performance-based vesting condition, both of which require satisfaction before the RSUs vest and settle for shares of common stock. The performance-based condition was tied to a liquidity event such as a sale event or the completion of the Company’s IPO. The time-based conditions range between six months and four years from the end of the lock-up period after a liquidity event. Upon completion of the Company's IPO in July 2018, the performance-based condition was satisfied and the Company began recognizing stock based compensation related to these awards. Subsequent to the Company's IPO, RSU's are only subject to a time-based vesting condition.

17


Compensation expense for equity instruments granted to non-employees is measured on the date of performance at the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably measured. Compensation expense for equity instruments granted to non-employees is periodically remeasured as the underlying instruments vest. The fair value of the equity instruments is charged to earnings over the term of the service agreement.
The Company records deferred tax assets for awards that result in deductions on the Company’s income tax returns, unless the Company cannot realize the deduction (i.e., the Company is in a net operating loss, or NOL, position), based on the amount of compensation cost recognized and the Company’s statutory tax rate. Beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 with the adoption of ASU 2016-09 on a prospective basis, stock-based compensation excess tax benefits or deficiencies are reflected in the consolidated statements of operations as a component of the provision for income taxes. No tax benefit or expense for stock-based compensation has been recorded for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, since the Company remains in an NOL position.
Determining the amount of stock-based compensation to be recorded requires the Company to develop estimates for the inputs used in the Black-Scholes valuation model to calculate the grant-date fair value of stock options. The Company used the following weighted-average assumptions in applying the Black-Scholes valuation model:
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Risk-free interest rate
 
2.84%

 
1.95%

 
2.49% - 2.84%
 
1.95% -2.07%
Expected term (years)
 
6.21—6.69

 
6.23—6.55

 
6.18—6.69
 
6.08—6.62
Expected dividend yield
 
 
 
 
Expected volatility
 
56.1
%
 
57.9
%
 
54.6% -56.1%
 
57.9% - 61.0%
The risk free interest rate for periods within the contractual life of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury zero coupon issues in effect at the grant date for periods corresponding with the expected term of option. The Company’s estimate of an expected term is calculated based on the Company’s historical share option exercise data. The Company has not and does not expect to pay dividends in the foreseeable future. The estimated stock price volatility is derived based on historical volatility of the Company’s peer group, which represents the Company’s best estimate of expected volatility.
The amount of stock-based compensation recognized during a period is based on the value of that portion of the awards that are ultimately expected to vest. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from estimates. The term “forfeitures” is distinct from “cancellations” or “expirations” and represents only the unvested portion of the surrendered option. The Company reviews historical forfeiture data and determines the appropriate forfeiture rate based on that data. The Company reevaluates this analysis periodically and adjusts the forfeiture rate as necessary and ultimately recognizes the actual expense over the vesting period only for the shares that vest.
Refer to Note 11 - Stock-Based Compensation and Employee Benefits for further discussion of the Company’s stock-based compensation arrangements.
Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes using the liability method under Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification Topic 740 - Income Taxes (ASC 740). Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on net operating loss carryforwards, research and development credit carryforwards and temporary differences resulting from the different treatment of items for tax and financial reporting purposes. Deferred items are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences reverse. Additionally, the Company must assess the likelihood that deferred tax assets will be recovered as deductions from future taxable income. The Company has provided a full valuation allowance on its deferred tax assets because it believes it is more likely than not that its deferred tax assets will not be realized.
The Company follows the accounting guidance in ASC 740-10, which requires a more-likely-than-not threshold for financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The Company records a liability for the difference between the benefit recognized and measured pursuant to ASC 740-10 and the tax position taken or expected to be taken on the Company’s tax return. To the extent that the assessment of such tax positions change, the change in estimate is recorded in the period in which the determination is made. The Company establishes reserves for tax-related uncertainties based on estimates of whether, and the extent to which, additional taxes will be due. These reserves are established when the Company believes that certain positions might be challenged despite the Company’s belief that the tax

18


return positions are fully supportable. The reserves are adjusted in light of changing facts and circumstances such as the outcome of a tax audit. The provision for income taxes includes the impact of reserve provisions and changes to reserves that are considered appropriate. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.
Comprehensive Loss
The Company’s comprehensive loss is comprised of the Company’s net loss and unrealized gains (losses) on the remeasurement of the effective portion of the Company’s interest rate swap agreements to fair value and on the Company’s available for sale securities.
Fair Value Measurement
Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification Topic 820 - Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (ASC 820), defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value under US GAAP and enhances disclosures about fair value measurements. Fair value is defined under ASC 820 as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value under ASC 820 must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The guidance describes a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value: 
Level 1
 
Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Financial assets utilizing Level 1 inputs typically include money market securities and U.S. Treasury securities.
 
 
 
Level 2
 
Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities. Financial instruments utilizing Level 2 inputs include interest rate swaps.
 
 
 
Level 3
 
Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. Financial liabilities utilizing Level 3 inputs include natural gas fixed price forward contract derivatives, warrants issued to purchase the Company’s preferred stock and embedded derivatives bifurcated from convertible notes. Derivative liability valuations are performed based on a binomial lattice model and adjusted for illiquidity and/or nontransferability and such adjustments are generally based on available market evidence.
Components of Balance Sheets
Cash, Cash Equivalents, Short-Term Investments and Restricted Cash - The Company considers highly liquid short-term investments with maturities of 90 days or less at the date of purchase as cash equivalents.
The Company considers highly liquid investments with maturities of greater than 90 days at the reporting period end date as short-term investments. Short-term investments are reported at fair value with unrealized gains or losses, net of tax, recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The specific identification method is used to determine the cost of any securities disposed with any realized gains or losses recognized as income or expense in condensed consolidated statements of operations. Short-term investments are anticipated to be used for current operations and are, therefore, classified as available-for-sale in current assets even though their maturities may extend beyond one year. The Company periodically reviews short-term investments for impairment. In the event a decline in value is determined to be other-than-temporary, an impairment loss is recognized. When determining if a decline in value is other-than-temporary, the Company takes into consideration the current market conditions and the duration and severity of and the reason for the decline as well as considering the likelihood that it would need to sell the security prior to a recovery of par value.
As of September 30, 2018, short-term investments were comprised of $4.5 million of U.S. Treasury Bills. As of December 31, 2017, short-term investments were comprised of $26.8 million of U.S. Treasury Bills. The costs of these securities approximated their fair values and there were no material gross realized or unrealized gains or losses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and no impairment for the periods ended September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. As of September 30, 2018, all investments were scheduled to mature within the next twelve months.
Restricted cash is held as collateral to provide financial assurance that the Company will fulfill commitments related to its power purchase agreement financings, its debt service reserves, its maintenance service reserves and its facility lease

19


agreements. Restricted cash that is expected to be used within one year of the balance sheet date is classified as a current asset, whereas restricted cash expected to be used more than a year from the balance sheet date is classified as a non-current asset.
Derivative Financial Instruments - The Company enters into derivative forward contracts to manage its exposure to the fluctuating price of fuel under certain of its power purchase agreements entered in connection with the Bloom Electrons program (refer to Note 12 - Power Purchase Agreement Programs). In addition, the Company enters into fixed forward interest rate swap arrangements to convert variable interest rates on debt to a fixed rate. The Company also issued derivative financial instruments embedded in its 6% Notes as a means by which to provide additional incentive to investors and to obtain a lower cost cash-source of funds.
Derivative transactions are governed by procedures covering areas such as authorization, counterparty exposure and hedging practices. Positions are monitored based on changes in the spot price in the commodity market and their impact on the market value of derivatives. Credit risk on derivatives arises from the potential for counterparties to default on their contractual obligations to the Company. The Company limits its credit risk by dealing with counterparties that are considered to be of high credit quality. The Company does not enter into derivative transactions for trading or speculative purposes.
The Company accounts for its derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities and carries them at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets. Changes in the fair value of the derivatives that qualify and are designated as cash flow hedges are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss on the consolidated balance sheets and for those that do not qualify for hedge accounting or are not designated hedges are recorded through earnings in the consolidated statements of operations.
While the Company hedges certain of its natural gas requirements under its power purchase agreements, it has not classified these forward contracts as designated hedges for accounting purposes. Therefore, the Company records the change in the fair value of its forward contracts in cost of revenue on the consolidated statements of operations. The fair value of the forward contracts is recorded on the consolidated balance sheets as a component of accrued other current liabilities and as derivative liabilities. As the forward contracts are considered economic hedges, the changes in the fair value of the forward contracts are classified as operating activities within the statement of cash flows, which is consistent with the classification of the cash flows of the hedged item.
The Company’s interest rate swap arrangements qualify as cash flow hedges for accounting purposes as they effectively convert variable rate obligations into fixed rate obligations. The Company evaluates and calculates the effectiveness of the hedge at each reporting date. The effective change is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss and will be recognized as interest expense on settlement. Ineffectiveness is recorded in other income (expense), net. If a cash flow hedge is discontinued due to changes in the forecasted hedged transactions, hedge accounting is discontinued prospectively and any unrealized gain or loss on the related derivative is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss and is reclassified into earnings in the same period during which the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings. The fair value of the swap arrangement is recorded on the consolidated balance sheets as a component of accrued other current liabilities and as derivative liabilities. The changes in fair value of swap agreement are classified as operating activities within the statement of cash flows, which is consistent with the classification of the cash flows of the hedged item.
The Company issued convertible notes with conversion features. These conversion features were evaluated under ASC topic 815-40, were determined to be embedded derivatives and were bifurcated from the debt and were classified prior to the IPO as liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. The Company recorded these derivative liabilities at fair value and adjusted the carrying value to their estimated fair value at each reporting date with the increases or decreases in the fair value recorded as a gain (loss) on revaluation of warrant liabilities and embedded derivatives in the consolidated statements of operations. Upon the IPO, the final valuation of the conversion feature was calculated as of the date of the IPO and was reclassified from a derivative liability to additional paid-in capital.
Customer Financing Receivables - The contractual terms of Company's customer financing receivables are primarily contained within the PPA Entities' customer lease agreements. Leases are classified as either operating or sales-type leases in accordance with the relevant accounting guidelines and customer financing receivables are generated by Energy Servers leased to PPA Entities’ customers in leasing arrangements that qualify as sales-type leases. Customer financing receivables represents the gross minimum lease payments to be received from customers and the system’s estimated residual value, net of unearned income and allowance for estimated losses. Initial direct costs for sales-type leases are recognized as cost of revenue when the Energy Servers are placed in service.
The Company reviews its customer financing receivables by aging category to identify significant customer balances with known disputes or collection issues. In determining the allowance, the Company makes judgments about the creditworthiness of a majority of its customers based on ongoing credit evaluations. The Company also considers its historical level of credit losses as well as current economic trends that might impact the level of future credit losses. The Company writes off customer financing receivables when they are deemed uncollectible. The Company has not maintained an allowance for

20


doubtful accounts to reserve for potentially uncollectible customer financing receivables as historically all of its receivables on the consolidated balance sheets have been collected and are expected to be collected in full.
Accounts Receivable - Accounts receivable primarily represents trade receivables from sales to customers recorded at net realizable value. As it does for its customer financing receivables, the Company reviews its accounts receivable by aging category to identify significant customer balances with known disputes or collection issues. In determining the allowance, the Company makes judgments about the creditworthiness of a majority of its customers based on ongoing credit evaluations. The Company also considers its historical level of credit losses as well as current economic trends that might impact the level of future credit losses. The Company writes off accounts receivable when they are deemed uncollectible. The Company has not had to maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts to reserve for potentially uncollectible accounts receivable as historically all of its receivables on the consolidated balance sheets have been collected and are expected to be collected in full.
Inventories - Inventories consist principally of raw materials, work-in-process and finished goods and are stated on a first-in, first-out basis at the lower of cost or net realizable value.
The Company records inventory excess and obsolescence provisions for estimated obsolete or unsellable inventory, including inventory from purchase commitments, equal to the difference between the cost of inventory and estimated net realizable value based upon assumptions about market conditions and future demand for product generally expected to be utilized over the next 12 to 24 months, including product needed to fulfill the Company’s warranty obligations. If actual future demand for the Company’s products is less than currently forecasted, additional inventory provisions may be required. Once a provision is recorded, it is maintained until the product to which it relates to is sold or otherwise disposed. The inventory reserves were $12.0 million and $15.7 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Property, Plant and Equipment - Property, plant and equipment, including leasehold improvements, are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Energy Servers are depreciated to their residual values over the terms of the power purchase and tariff agreements. Leasehold improvements are depreciated over the shorter of the lease term or their estimated depreciable lives. Buildings are amortized over the shorter of the lease or property term or their estimated depreciable lives.
Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated depreciable lives of the respective assets as follows:
 
  
Depreciable Lives
 
 
 
Energy Servers
  
15-21 years
Computers, software and hardware
  
3-5 years
Machinery and equipment
  
5-10 years
Furniture and fixtures
  
3-5 years
Leasehold improvements
  
1-5 years
Buildings
  
35 years
When assets are retired or disposed, the assets and related accumulated depreciation and amortization are removed from the Company's general ledger and the resulting gain or loss is reflected in the consolidated statements of operations.
Foreign Currency Transactions - The functional currency of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries is the U.S. dollar since they are considered financially and operationally integrated with their domestic parent. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities are remeasured into U.S. dollars at end-of-period exchange rates. Any currency transaction gains and losses are included as a component of other expense, net in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and have not been significant for any period presented.
Convertible Preferred Stock Warrants - The Company accounted for freestanding warrants to purchase shares of its convertible preferred stock as liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets at fair value upon issuance. In accordance with ASC 480 - Distinguishing Liability from Equity (ASC 480), these warrants were classified within warrant liability in the consolidated balance sheets as the underlying shares of convertible preferred stock were contingently redeemable which, therefore, may have obligated the Company to transfer assets at some point in the future. These warrants were valued on the date of issuance, using the Probability-Weighted Expected Return Model (PWERM). The warrants were subject to remeasurement to fair value at each balance sheet date or immediately before exercise of the warrants. Any change in fair value was recognized in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company’s convertible preferred stock warrants were converted upon the completion of the IPO. At that time, the convertible preferred stock warrant liability was reclassified to additional paid-in capital.

21


Allocation of Profits and Losses of Consolidated Entities to Noncontrolling Interests - The Company generally allocates profits and losses to noncontrolling interests under the hypothetical liquidation at book value (HLBV) method. HLBV is a balance sheet-oriented approach for applying the equity method of accounting when there is a complex structure, such as the flip structure of the PPE Entities. Refer to Note 12 - Power Purchase Agreement Programs for more information.
The determination of equity in earnings under the HLBV method requires management to determine how proceeds, upon a hypothetical liquidation of the entity at book value, would be allocated between its investors. The noncontrolling interests' balance is presented as a component of permanent equity in the consolidated balance sheets.
Noncontrolling interests with redemption features, such as put options, that are not solely within the Company’s control are considered redeemable noncontrolling interests. Exercisability of put options are solely dependent upon the passage of time, and hence, such put options are considered to be probable of becoming exercisable. The Company elected to accrete changes in the redemption value over the period from the date it becomes probable that the instrument will become redeemable to the earliest redemption date of the instrument using an interest method. The balance of redeemable noncontrolling interests on the balance sheets is reported at the greater of its carrying value or its maximum redemption value at each reporting date. The redeemable noncontrolling interests are classified as temporary equity and therefore are reported in the mezzanine section of the consolidated balance sheets as redeemable noncontrolling interests.
For income tax purposes, the Equity Investors committed to invest in the PPE Entities receive a greater proportion of the share of losses and other income tax benefits. This includes the allocation of investment tax credits which are distributed to the Equity Investors through an Investment Company subsidiary of the Company. Allocations are initially based on the terms specified in each respective partnership agreement until the Equity Investors' targeted rate of return specified in the partnership agreement is met (the "flip" of the flip structure) whereupon the allocations change. In some cases after the Equity Investors receive their contractual rate of return, the Company receives substantially all of the remaining value attributable to the long-term recurring customer payments and the other incentives.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Revenue Recognition - In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance which will replace numerous requirements in US GAAP, including industry-specific requirements, and provide companies with a single revenue recognition model for recognizing revenue from contracts with customers. The core principle of the new standard is that a company should recognize revenue to show the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In August 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date by one year to December 15, 2018 for annual reporting periods beginning after that date. The FASB also permitted early adoption of the standard, but not before the original effective date of December 15, 2016. During 2016, the FASB issued several amendments to the standard, including clarification to the guidance on reporting revenues as a principal versus an agent, identifying performance obligations, accounting for intellectual property licenses, assessing collectability, presentation of sales taxes, impairment testing for contract costs and disclosure of performance obligations.
The two permitted transition methods under the new standard are (1) the full retrospective method, in which case the standard would be applied to each prior reporting period presented, and the cumulative effect of applying the standard would be recognized at the earliest period shown, or (2) the modified retrospective method, in which case the cumulative effect of applying the standard would be recognized at the date of initial application. The Company is in the process of assessing the impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and whether it will adopt the full retrospective or modified retrospective approach.
Leases - In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which will replace most existing lease accounting guidance in US GAAP. The core principle of the ASU is that an entity should recognize the rights and obligations resulting from leases as assets and liabilities. ASU 2016-02 requires qualitative and specific quantitative disclosures to supplement the amounts recorded in the financial statements so that users can understand more about the nature of an entity’s leasing activities, including significant judgments and changes in judgments. ASU 2016-02 will be effective for the Company beginning in fiscal 2020, and requires the modified retrospective method of adoption. The Company is evaluating the impact of this guidance on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
Financial Instruments - In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326). The pronouncement was issued to provide more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and changes the loss impairment methodology. This pronouncement will be effective for the Company from fiscal year 2021. A prospective transition approach is required for debt securities for which an other than temporary impairment had been recognized before the effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this update on its financial statements.

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Statement of Cash Flows - In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (Topic 230), which clarifies the classification of the activity in the consolidated statements of cash flows and how the predominant principle should be applied when cash receipts and cash payments have more than one class of cash flows. This pronouncement will be effective for the Company from fiscal year 2019, with early adoption permitted. Adoption will be applied retrospectively to all periods presented. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
Income Taxes - In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes—Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (Topic 740), which requires that the entities recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset, other than inventory, when the transfer occurs. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public business entities in annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and for the interim periods therein, and for all other entities in annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim reporting periods in annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted only at the beginning of an annual period for which no financial statements (interim or annual) have already been issued or made available for issuance. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of its pending adoption of this standard on its consolidated financials.
Statement of Cash Flows - In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows—Restricted Cash (Topic 230), related to the presentation of restricted cash in the statement of cash flows. The pronouncement requires that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash. Amounts generally described as restricted cash are included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts. Refer to Note 3 - Financial Instruments for more information. The Company elected to early adopt the updated guidance in January 2017 resulting in the application of its requirements to all applicable periods presented. The adoption of this guidance did not have an effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial position or liquidity, other than the presentation of restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents in the statements of cash flows.
Financial Instruments - In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features and Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests with a Scope Exception. Part I of this ASU addresses the complexity of accounting for certain financial instruments with down round features. Per the ASU, a freestanding equity-linked financial instrument (or embedded conversion option) no longer would be accounted for as a derivative liability at fair value as a result of the existence of a down round feature. The ASU is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and early adoption is permitted. The Company elected early adoption effective January 1, 2018. The adoption of the ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements. 
Stock Compensation - In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. ASU 2018-07 aligns the accounting for share-based payment awards issued to employees and nonemployees. Measurement of equity-classified nonemployee awards will now be valued on the grant date and will no longer be remeasured through the performance completion date. This amendment also changes the accounting for nonemployee awards with performance conditions to recognize compensation cost when achievement of the performance condition is probable, rather than upon achievement of the performance condition, as well as eliminating the requirement to reassess the equity or liability classification for nonemployee awards upon vesting, except for certain award types. This ASU is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect it to have a material effect on the Company's financial statements and related disclosures.
Fair Value Measurement - In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The ASU has eliminated, amended and added disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. Entities will no longer be required to disclose the amount of, and reasons for, transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the policy of timing of transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy and the valuation processes for Level 3 fair value measurements. Companies will be required to disclose the range and weighted average used to develop significant unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements. This ASU is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. This ASU will have an impact on the Company's disclosures. The Company is evaluating the effect on the Company's financial statements and related disclosures.
Internal Use Software - In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract. This ASU requires companies to defer specified implementation costs in a cloud computing arrangement that are often expensed under current US GAAP and recognize these costs to expense over the noncancelable term of the arrangement.

23


This ASU is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The Company elected early adoption effective July 1, 2018. The adoption of the ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements and related disclosures. 

3. Financial Instruments
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
The following table summarizes the Company’s cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash (in thousands):
 
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
 
$
84,151

 
$
84,151

 
$
101,356

 
$
101,356

Money market funds
 
360,075

 
360,075

 
79,256

 
79,256

 
 
$
444,226

 
$
444,226

 
$
180,612

 
$
180,612

As reported
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
395,516

 
$
395,516

 
$
103,828

 
$
103,828

Restricted cash
 
48,710

 
48,710

 
76,784

 
76,784

 
 
$
444,226

 
$
444,226

 
$
180,612

 
$
180,612

As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had restricted cash of $48.7 million and $76.8 million, respectively, as follows (in thousands):
 
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted cash related to PPA Entities
 
$
3,252

 
$
7,969

Restricted cash
 
14,679

 
36,418

Restricted cash, current
 
17,931

 
44,387

Restricted cash related to PPA Entities
 
27,778

 
26,748

Restricted cash
 
3,001

 
5,649

Restricted cash, non-current
 
30,779

 
32,397

Total restricted cash
 
$
48,710

 
$
76,784

Short-Term Investments
As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had short-term investments in U.S. Treasury Bills of $4.5 million and $26.8 million, respectively.
Derivative Instruments
The Company has derivative financial instruments related to natural gas forward contracts and interest rate swaps. See Note 7 - Derivative Financial Instruments for a full description of the Company's derivative financial instruments.


24


4. Fair Value
Financial Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The tables below sets forth, by level, the Company’s financial assets that were accounted for at fair value for the respective periods. The table does not include assets and liabilities that are measured at historical cost or any basis other than fair value (in thousands):
 
 
Fair Value Measured at Reporting Date Using
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
September 30, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
 
$
360,075

 
$

 
$

 
$
360,075

Short-term investments
 
4,494

 

 

 
4,494

Interest rate swap agreements
 

 
1,368

 

 
1,368

 
 
$
364,569

 
$
1,368

 
$

 
$
365,937

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Natural gas fixed price forward contracts
 
$

 
$

 
$
11,445

 
$
11,445

Interest rate swap agreements
 

 
1,845

 

 
1,845

 
 
$

 
$
1,845

 
$
11,445

 
$
13,290

 
 
Fair Value Measured at Reporting Date Using
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
 
$
79,256

 
$

 
$

 
$
79,256

Short-term investments
 
26,816