10-Q 1 lmfa-10q_20200331.htm 10-Q MARCH 2020 lmfa-10q_20200331.htm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to                 

Commission file number 001-37605

 

LM FUNDING AMERICA, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

47-3844457

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. employer

identification no.)

 

 

1200 West Platt Street

Suite 1000

Tampa, FL

33606

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 813-222-8996

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.:

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class:

Trading symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock par value $0.001 per share

LMFA

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

The registrant had 3.8 million shares of Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding as of May 18, 2020.

 

 

 

 


LM FUNDING AMERICA, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

3

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

3

 

 

 

 

LM Funding America, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
March 31, 2020 (unaudited) and December 31, 2019

3

 

 

 

 

LM Funding America, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)

4

 

 

 

 

LM Funding America, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)

5

 

 

 

 

LM Funding America, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)

6

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

23

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

28

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

28

 

 

 

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

30

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

30

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

30

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

30

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

30

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

31

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

31

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

32

 

 

SIGNATURES

33

 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. Financial Statements

LM Funding America, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31,

2019

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

771,891

 

 

$

822,909

 

Finance receivables:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Original product - net (Note 3)

 

 

245,676

 

 

 

273,711

 

Special product - New Neighbor Guaranty program, net of allowance for credit losses of (Note 4)

 

 

99,433

 

 

 

129,272

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

122,523

 

 

 

145,267

 

Due from related party (Note 5)

 

 

28,021

 

 

 

125,045

 

Discontinued operations - current assets (Note 10)

 

 

-

 

 

 

276,953

 

Current assets

 

 

1,267,544

 

 

 

1,773,157

 

Fixed assets, net (Note 1)

 

 

8,079

 

 

 

8,288

 

Real estate assets owned  (Note 1)

 

 

18,507

 

 

 

21,084

 

Operating lease - right of use assets (Note 8)

 

 

235,167

 

 

 

260,260

 

Other investments - related party (Note 1)

 

 

1,501,875

 

 

 

1,500,000

 

Goodwill (Note 2)

 

 

-

 

 

 

4,039,586

 

Other Assets

 

 

11,456

 

 

 

11,021

 

Discontinued operations - long-term assets, net (Note 10)

 

 

-

 

 

 

27,245

 

Long-term assets

 

 

1,775,084

 

 

 

5,867,484

 

Total assets

 

$

3,042,628

 

 

$

7,640,641

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note payable (Note 6)

 

 

34,770

 

 

 

69,540

 

Related party convertible note payable

 

 

-

 

 

 

3,461,782

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

101,981

 

 

 

210,870

 

Stock issuable

 

 

250,000

 

 

 

-

 

Current portion of lease liability (Note 8)

 

 

96,552

 

 

 

94,235

 

Discontinued operations - current liabilities (Note 10)

 

 

-

 

 

 

280,057

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

483,303

 

 

 

4,116,484

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lease liability - long-term (Note 8)

 

 

146,647

 

 

 

171,648

 

Discontinued operations - long-term liabilities (Note 10)

 

 

-

 

 

 

517,584

 

Long-term liabilities

 

 

146,647

 

 

 

689,232

 

Total liabilities

 

 

629,950

 

 

 

4,805,716

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, par value $.001; 30,000,000 shares authorized; 3,320,261  and 3,134,261 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

 

 

3,320

 

 

 

3,134

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

17,455,214

 

 

 

17,326,553

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(15,045,856

)

 

 

(14,494,762

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

2,412,678

 

 

 

2,834,925

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

3,042,628

 

 

$

7,640,641

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 


3


LM Funding America, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)

 

 

 

 

For the Three Months

Ended March 31,

 

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest on delinquent association fees

 

 

$

219,514

 

 

$

414,275

 

Administrative and late fees

 

 

 

23,045

 

 

 

39,493

 

Recoveries in excess of cost - special product

 

 

 

22,628

 

 

 

21,770

 

Underwriting and other revenues

 

 

 

27,929

 

 

 

40,724

 

Rental revenue

 

 

 

48,080

 

 

 

147,669

 

Total revenues

 

 

 

341,196

 

 

 

663,931

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Staff costs and payroll

 

 

 

316,059

 

 

 

263,145

 

Professional fees

 

 

 

506,995

 

 

 

429,309

 

Settlement costs with associations

 

 

 

11,920

 

 

 

1,892

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

 

80,223

 

 

 

90,274

 

Recovery of cost from related party receivable

 

 

 

(100,000

)

 

 

-

 

Real estate management and disposal

 

 

 

85,342

 

 

 

197,128

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

 

5,812

 

 

 

17,865

 

Collection costs

 

 

 

(8,321

)

 

 

(23,087

)

Other operating expenses

 

 

 

3,794

 

 

 

8,537

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

 

901,824

 

 

 

985,063

 

Operating loss from continuing operations

 

 

 

(560,628

)

 

 

(321,132

)

Interest expense

 

 

 

6,894

 

 

 

1,033

 

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes

 

 

 

(567,522

)

 

 

(322,165

)

Income tax benefit

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Net loss from continuing operations

 

 

 

(567,522

)

 

 

(322,165

)

Gain on disposal of discontinued operations

 

 

 

16,428

 

 

 

-

 

Loss from operations of discontinued operations

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(134,853

)

Net gain/(loss) from discontinued operations

 

 

 

16,428

 

 

 

(134,853

)

Net loss

 

 

$

(551,094

)

 

$

(457,018

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings/(loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic loss per common share - continuing operations

 

 

$

(0.18

)

 

$

(0.10

)

Basic earnings/(loss) per common share - discontinued operations

 

 

$

0.01

 

 

$

(0.04

)

Basic loss per common share - net loss

 

 

$

(0.17

)

 

$

(0.15

)

Diluted loss per common share - continuing operations

 

 

$

(0.18

)

 

$

(0.10

)

Diluted earnings/(loss) per common share - discontinued operations

 

 

$

0.01

 

 

$

(0.04

)

Diluted loss per common share - net loss

 

 

$

(0.17

)

 

$

(0.15

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

 

3,233,030

 

 

 

3,131,939

 

Diluted

 

 

 

3,233,030

 

 

 

3,131,939

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

4


LM Funding America, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(unaudited)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(551,094

)

 

$

(457,018

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

5,812

 

 

 

16,693

 

Right to use asset depreciation

 

 

25,093

 

 

 

2,426

 

Stock compensation

 

 

128,847

 

 

 

3,500

 

Recovery of uncollectible related party receivables

 

 

(100,000

)

 

 

-

 

Gain on disposal of business unit

 

 

(16,426

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

20,434

 

 

 

5,790

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

(8,102

)

 

 

31,235

 

Repayments from related party

 

 

197,024

 

 

 

87,657

 

Other liabilities

 

 

-

 

 

 

42,044

 

Lease liability payments

 

 

(22,684

)

 

 

(2,191

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(321,096

)

 

 

(269,864

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net collections of finance receivables - original product

 

 

28,035

 

 

 

39,954

 

Net collections of finance receivables - special product

 

 

29,839

 

 

 

(8,212

)

(Payments)/proceeds for real estate assets owned

 

 

(3,026

)

 

 

63,183

 

Net cash payment for IIU disposal

 

 

(246,914

)

 

 

-

 

Net cash received from business acquisition

 

 

-

 

 

 

51,327

 

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

 

 

(192,066

)

 

 

146,252

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Principal repayments

 

 

(34,770

)

 

 

(40,678

)

Exercise of warrants

 

 

-

 

 

 

22,320

 

Proceeds from stock subscription

 

 

250,000

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

 

215,230

 

 

 

(18,358

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NET DECREASE IN CASH

 

 

(297,932

)

 

 

(141,970

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH - BEGINNING OF YEAR

 

 

1,069,823

 

 

 

3,520,753

 

CASH - END OF YEAR

 

$

771,891

 

 

$

3,378,783

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASHFLOW INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

6,894

 

 

$

7,787

 

Income taxes

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF NON-CASHFLOW INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ROU asset obligation recognized

 

$

-

 

 

$

26,685

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


LM Funding America, Inc. and Subsidiaries Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited)

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Additional paid-

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

in capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Total Equity

 

Balance - December 31, 2018

 

 

3,124,961

 

 

$

3,125

 

 

$

17,295,408

 

 

$

(11,489,884

)

 

$

5,808,649

 

Warrants exercised for cash

 

 

9,300

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

22,311

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

22,320

 

Stock option expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

3,500

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

3,500

 

Net loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(457,018

)

 

 

(457,018

)

Balance - March 31, 2019

 

 

3,134,261

 

 

$

3,134

 

 

$

17,321,219

 

 

$

(11,946,902

)

 

$

5,377,451

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance - December 31, 2019

 

 

3,134,261

 

 

$

3,134

 

 

$

17,326,553

 

 

$

(14,494,762

)

 

$

2,834,925

 

Stock compensation expense

 

 

186,000

 

 

 

186

 

 

 

128,661

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

128,847

 

Net loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(551,094

)

 

 

(551,094

)

Balance - March 31, 2020

 

 

3,320,261

 

 

$

3,320

 

 

$

17,455,214

 

 

$

(15,045,856

)

 

$

2,412,678

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6


LM FUNDING AMERICA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Note 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Nature of Operations

LM Funding America, Inc. (“LMFA” or the “Company”) was formed as a Delaware corporation on April 20, 2015. LMFA was formed for the purpose of completing a public offering and related transactions in order to carry on the business of LM Funding, LLC and its subsidiaries (the “Predecessor”). LMFA is the sole member of LM Funding, LLC and operates and controls all of its businesses and affairs.

LM Funding, LLC a Florida limited liability company organized in January 2008 under the terms of an Operating Agreement dated effective January 8, 2008 as amended, had two members: BRR Holding, LLC and CGR 63, LLC. The members contributed their equity interest to LMFA prior to the closing of its initial public offering.

The Company acquired IIU, Inc. on January 16, 2019 (IIU, Inc), which provided global medical insurance products for international travelers, specializing in policies covering high-risk destinations, emerging markets and foreign travelers coming to the United States. All policies were fully underwritten with no claim risk remaining with IIU Inc. IIU was disposed of on January 8, 2020.

We were a diversified business with two focuses:

 

specialty finance company that provides funding to nonprofit community associations primarily located in the state of Florida. We offer incorporated nonprofit community associations, which we refer to as “Associations,” a variety of financial products customized to each Association’s financial needs. Our original product offering consists of providing funding to Associations by purchasing their rights under delinquent accounts that are selected by the Associations arising from unpaid Association assessments. Historically, we provided funding against such delinquent accounts, which we refer to as “Accounts,” in exchange for a portion of the proceeds collected by the Associations from the account debtors on the Accounts. We have started purchasing Accounts on varying terms tailored to suit each Association’s financial needs, including under our New Neighbor Guaranty™ program.

 

specialty health insurance broker (IIU, Inc) that was purchased on January 16, 2019, which provided global medical insurance products for international travelers, specializing in policies covering high-risk destinations, emerging markets and foreign travelers coming to the United States. All policies were fully underwritten with no claim risk remaining with IIU Inc.

Recent Developments

IIU Acquisition

On November 2, 2018, the Company invested cash by purchasing stock under a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “IIU SPA”) from IIU Inc. (“IIU”), a synergistic Virginia based travel insurance brokerage company controlled by Craven House North America, LLC (“Craven”) N.A., (whose ownership excluding unexercised warrants was approximately 20% of the Company’s outstanding stock at the time of the acquisition) pursuant to which IIU issued to the Company a Senior Convertible Promissory Note (“IIU Note”) in the original principal amount of $1,500,000.  The maturity date of the Note was 360 dates after the date of issuance (subject to acceleration upon an event of default).  The Note carried a 3.0% interest rate, with accrued but unpaid interest being payable on the Note’s maturity date.  

On January 16, 2019, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with Craven to purchase all of the outstanding capital stock of IIU as a possible synergistic effort to diversify revenue sources that are believed to be accretive to earnings.  IIU provided global medical insurance products for international travelers, specializing in policies covering high-risk destinations, emerging markets and foreign travelers coming to the United States. All policies were fully underwritten with no claim risk remaining with IIU.

The Company purchased 100% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of IIU from Craven for $5,089,357 subject to adjustment as set forth in the IIU SPA.  IIU was required to have a minimum net working capital of $15,000 and at least $152,000 in cash. The Company paid the Purchase Price under the IIU SPA at closing as follows:

 

The Company cancelled all principal and accrued interest of the IIU Note, which consisted of aggregate principal indebtedness and accrued interest of $1,507,375 as of January 16, 2019.

 

The Company issued to Craven a $3,581,982 Senior Convertible Promissory Note (the “Craven Convertible Note”) for the balance of the purchase price.  At the option of Craven, the Craven Convertible Note could be paid in restricted shares of our common stock or cash.  The Craven Convertible Note bore simple interest at 3% per annum.  The Craven Convertible Note was due and payable 360 days from the closing date of the IIU SPA. If repaid by the Company in restricted common stock,

7


 

the outstanding principal and interest of the Craven Convertible Note would be paid by the Company by issuing to Craven a number of restricted common shares equal to the adjusted principal and accrued interest owing to Craven under the Craven Convertible Note divided by $2.41.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the IIU SPA, the purchase price was subsequently reduced by $120,200, to $4,969,200.

On December 20, 2019, the Company loaned $1.5 million to Craven (“Craven Secured Promissory Note”) which had an initial maturity date of April 15, 2020 and carried an interest rate of 0.5% that was to be paid monthly. The Company subsequently extended the due date of the Craven Secured Promissory Note to August 1, 2021.   The Craven Secured Promissory Note is secured by, among other things, Stock Pledge of Craven’s 640,000 Common Shares of the Company and the Assignment of the assets of Craven in favor of the Company.

IIU Disposal

On January 8, 2020, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) with Craven pursuant to which the Company sold to Craven all of the issued and outstanding shares of IIU, Inc., a Virginia based travel insurance brokerage company and wholly owned subsidiary of LMFA (“IIU”), for $3,562,569.  The purchase price was paid by Craven through the cancellation of the $3,461,782Craven Convertible Note issued by LMFA to Craven dated January 16, 2019 plus forgiveness of $100,787 of accrued interest. LMFA originally paid $4,969,200 for the purchase of IIU in January 2019, which included a negative $720,386 net fair value of assets and $5,689,586 of goodwill. The sale of IIU resulted in a gain of $16,428.  

 

Entry into Hanfor Share Exchange Agreement

On March 23, 2020, the Company entered into a Share Exchange Agreement, dated March 23, 2020 (the “Share Exchange Agreement”), with Hanfor (Cayman) Limited, a Cayman Islands exempted company (“Hanfor”), and BZ Industrial Limited, a British Virgin Islands business company and the sole stockholder of Hanfor (“Hanfor Owner”).  The Share Exchange Agreement provides for a business combination transaction in which Hanfor Owner will transfer and assign to the Company all of the share capital of Hanfor in exchange for a number of shares of the Company’s common stock that will result in Hanfor Owner owning 86.5% of the outstanding common stock of the Company (the “Hanfor Exchange Transaction”).  Upon the closing of the Hanfor Exchange Transaction, Hanfor will become a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.  The parties’ respective obligations to complete the Hanfor Exchange Transaction are subject to various closing conditions, including the approval of the Hanfor Exchange Transaction by the Company’s stockholders at a duly called stockholder meeting; the receipt of a fairness opinion by the Company’s board of directors for the Hanfor Exchange Transaction; the absence of a material adverse change in the business, assets, or operations of Hanfor; the exercise of outstanding warrants to purchase at least 729,167 shares of Company common stock (or Hanfor Owner’s purchase of shares in a private placement in lieu thereof); and various customary closing conditions.  The conditions to Hanfor Owner’s and Hanfor’s obligation to complete the Hanfor Exchange Transaction will include the continued listing of the Company’s common stock on the Nasdaq Stock Market; the absence of a material adverse change in the business, assets, or operations of the Company; and other customary closing conditions.  In addition to the foregoing, the Share Exchange Agreement contains other customary and negotiated representations, warranties, and covenants, including a covenant not to solicit alternative transactions.  Under the agreement, Hanfor Owner is required to deliver to the Company audited financial statements for Hanfor for the 2019 and 2018 fiscal years, with such audited financial statements required to be delivered by May 31, 2020 (subject to extension to June 30, 2020 under specified circumstances).  In connection with the execution of the Share Exchange Agreement, the Company and Hanfor Owner entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement, dated March 23, 2020, pursuant to which Hanfor Owner purchased from Company an aggregate of 520,833 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $2.40 per share. Hanfor Owner paid $250,000 cash on March 23, 2020 and the Company received an additional $1.0 million in April 2020 at which time the Company issued the 520,833 shares. If the Company accepts a superior offer as defined by the Share Exchange Agreement, the Company will be required to pay Hanfor a $500,000 breakup fee plus reimburse Hanfor for certain expenses.

Nasdaq Listing

On March 27, 2020, the Company received a notification letter from the Nasdaq Listing Qualifications department of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) stating that the Company has not regained compliance with Nasdaq Continued Listing Rule 5550(a)(2), which requires the Company’s listed securities to maintain a minimum bid price of $1.00 per share (the "Minimum Bid Price Rule"). The notification stated that the Company’s securities would be delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market on April 7, 2020 unless the Company timely requested a hearing before a Nasdaq Hearing Panel.  The Company has timely requested a hearing.  However, the delisting of the Company’s securities has been stayed due to the Nasdaq’s decision to suspend any enforcement actions relating to bid price issues.  

8


Additionally, on January 3, 2020, the Company received a deficiency letter from Nasdaq, indicating that it was in violation of Listing Rules 5620(a) and 5810(c)(2)(G) by virtue of passing the applicable deadline for holding of its annual general meeting of shareholders for the financial year ended December 31, 2018.  The Company resolved this issue by having its annual general meeting of shareholders on May 11, 2020.

 

Specialty Finance

The Company has a specialty finance company that provides funding principally to community associations that are almost exclusively located in Florida. The business of the Company is conducted pursuant to relevant state statutes (the “Statutes”), principally Florida Statute 718.116. The Statutes provide each community association lien rights to secure payment from unit owners (property owners) for assessments, interest, administrative late fees, reasonable attorneys’ fees, and collection costs. In addition, the lien rights granted under the Statutes are given a higher priority (a “Super Lien”) than all other lien holders except property tax liens. The Company provides funding to associations for their delinquent assessments from property owners in exchange for an assignment of the association’s right to collect proceeds pursuant to the Statutes. The Company derives its revenues from the proceeds of association collections.

The Statutes specify that the rate of interest an association (or its assignor) may charge on delinquent assessments is equal to the rate set forth in the association’s declaration or bylaws. In Florida if a rate is not specified, the statutory rate is equal to 18% but may not exceed the maximum rate allowed by law. Similarly, the Statutes in Florida also stipulate that administrative late fees cannot be charged on delinquent assessments unless so provided by the association’s declaration or bylaws and may not exceed the greater of $25 or 5% of each delinquent assessment.

The Statutes limit the liability of a first mortgage holder for unpaid assessments and related charges and fees (as set forth above) in the event of title transfer by foreclosure or acceptance of deed in lieu of foreclosure. This liability is limited to the lesser of twelve months of regular periodic assessments or one percent of the original mortgage debt on the unit (the “Super Lien Amount”).

 

Specialty Health Insurance

Our subsidiary IIU Inc. (“IIU”) through its wholly owned company Wallach and Company (“Wallach”) offered health insurance, travel insurance and other travel services to:

 

United States citizens and residents traveling abroad

 

Non United States citizens or residents who travel to the United States

These services were typically sold through a policy offered by Wallach and fully underwritten by a third party insurance company.  The policies offered included:

 

HealthCare Abroad - Short term medical insurance, medical evacuation and international assistance for Americans traveling overseas. There is an age limit of 84 years old.

 

HealthCare Global – up to 6 months coverage for Americans traveling abroad and foreign nationals traveling outside their home countries to destinations other than the United States.  There is an age limit of 70 years old.

 

HealthCare America – up to 90 days coverage for foreign nationals visiting the United States. There is an age limit of 70 years old.

 

HealthCare International – International medical insurance & assistance for persons living outside their home country.  There is an age limit of 70 years old.

 

HealthCare War – up to 6 months coverage for Americans traveling abroad and foreign nationals traveling outside their home countries to identified war risk areas.  There is an age limit of 70 years old.

 

We did not report any activity from operations from IIU for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Principles of Consolidation

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of LMFA and its wholly-owned subsidiaries: LM Funding, LLC; LMF October 2010 Fund, LLC; REO Management Holdings, LLC (including all 100% owned subsidiary limited liability companies); LM Funding of Colorado, LLC; LM Funding of Washington, LLC; LM Funding of Illinois, LLC; and LMF SPE #2, LLC and various single purpose limited liability corporations owned by REO Management Holdings, LLC which own various properties. It also includes IIU Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiary: Wallach & Company for the time that the Company owned IIU. All significant intercompany balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

9


Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading. The interim condensed consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2020 and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, respectively are unaudited. In the opinion of management, the interim condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to provide a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019, is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements presented in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include the evaluation of any probable losses on amounts funded under the Company’s New Neighbor Guaranty program as disclosed below, the evaluation of probable losses on balances due from a related party, the realization of deferred tax assets, the evaluation of contingent losses related to litigation and fair value estimates of real estate assets owned.

We are not presently aware of any events or circumstances arising from the COVID-19 pandemic that would require us to update our estimates or judgments or revise the carrying value of our assets or liabilities. Our estimates may change, however, as new events occur and additional information is obtained, and any such changes will be recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Revenue Recognition

Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606 of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) states an entity needs to conclude at the inception of the contract that collectability of the consideration to which it will be entitled in exchange for the goods and services that will be transferred to the customer is probable. That is, in some circumstances, an entity may not need to assess its ability to collect all of the consideration in the contract. The Company provides funding to community associations by purchasing their rights under delinquent accounts from unpaid assessments due from property owners (the “accounts”). Collections on the accounts may vary greatly in both the timing and amount ultimately recovered compared with the total revenues earned on the accounts because of a variety of economic and social factors affecting the real estate environment in general. The Company’s contracts with its customers have very specific performance obligations.  The Company has determined that the known amount of cash to be realized or realizable on its revenue generating activities cannot be reasonably estimated.  The Company determined rental income from leasing arrangements is specifically excluded from the standard.  The Company analyzed its remaining revenue streams and concluded there were no changes in revenue recognition with the adoption of the new standard.

Under ASC 606, the Company applies the cash basis method to its original product and the cost recovery method to its special product as follows:

Finance Receivables—Original Product: Under the Company’s original product, delinquent assessments are funded only up to the Super Lien Amount as discussed above. Recoverability of funded amounts is generally assured because of the protection of the Super Lien Amount. As such, payments by unit owners on the Company’s original product are recorded to income when received in accordance with the provisions of the Florida Statute (718.116(3)) and the provisions of the purchase agreements entered into between the Company and community associations. Those provisions require that all payments be applied in the following order: first to interest, then to late fees, then to costs of collection, then to legal fees expended by the Company and then to assessments owed. In accordance with the cash basis method of recognizing revenue and the provisions of the statute, the Company records revenues for interest and late fees when cash is received. In the event the Company determines the ultimate collectability of amounts funded under its original product are in doubt, payments are applied to first reduce the funded or principal amount.

Finance Receivables—Special Product (New Neighbor Guaranty program): During 2012, the Company began offering associations an alternative product under the New Neighbor Guaranty program where the Company will fund amounts in excess of the Super Lien Amount. Under this special product, the Company purchases substantially all of the delinquent assessments owed to the association, in addition to all accrued interest and late fees, in exchange for payment by the Company of (i) a negotiated amount or (ii) on a going forward basis, all monthly assessments due for a period up to 48 months. Under these arrangements, the Company considers the collection of amounts funded is not assured and under the cost recovery method, cash collected is applied to first reduce the carrying

10


value of the funded or principal amount with any remaining proceeds applied next to interest, late fees, legal fees, collection costs and any amounts due to the community association. Any excess proceeds still remaining are recognized as revenues. If the future proceeds collected are lower than the Company’s funded or principal amount, then a loss is recognized.

Net Commission Revenue: The Company acted as an agent in providing health travel insurance policies. As a result, the Company revenue was recorded at net. The Company has determined that the known amount of cash to be realized or realizable on its revenue generating activities can be reasonably estimated and as such, classifies its receivables as accrual and recognizes revenues in the accompanying statements of income on the accrual basis.  If a policy is not effective as of the end of a period, then the associated revenue and underwriting costs are deferred until the effective date.

Cash

The Company maintains cash balances at several financial institutions that are insured under the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation’s (“FDIC”) Transition Account Guarantee Program. Balances with the financial institutions may exceed federally insured limits.

Finance Receivables

Finance receivables are recorded at the amount funded or cost (by unit). The Company evaluates its finance receivables at each period end for losses that are considered probable and can be reasonably estimated in accordance with ASC 450-20. As discussed above, recoverability of funded amounts under the Company’s original product is generally assured because of the protection of the Super Lien Amount. However, the Company did have an accrual at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 for an allowance for credit losses for this program of $112,027 and $112,027.

Under the New Neighbor Guaranty program (special product), the Company funds amounts in excess of the Super Lien Amount. When evaluating the carrying value of its finance receivables, the Company looks at the likelihood of future cash flows based on historical payoffs, the fair value of the underlying real estate, the general condition of the community association in which the unit exists, and the general economic real estate environment in the local area. The Company estimated an allowance for credit losses for this program of $6,564 as of March 31, 2020 and $20,016 at December 31, 2019 under ASC 450-20 related to its New Neighbor Guaranty program.

The Company will charge any receivable against the allowance for credit losses when management believes the collectability of the receivable is confirmed. The Company considers writing off a receivable when (i) a first mortgage holder who names the association in a foreclosure suit takes title and satisfies an estoppel letter for amounts owed which are less than amounts the Company funded to the association; (ii) a tax deed is issued with insufficient excess proceeds to pay amounts the Company funded to the association; (iii) an association settles an account for less than amounts the Company funded to the association or (iv) the association terminates its relationship with the Company’s designated legal counsel. Upon the occurrence of any of these events, the Company evaluates the potential recovery via a deficiency judgment against the prior owner and the ability to collect upon the deficiency judgment within the statute of limitations period or whether the deficiency judgment can be sold. If the Company determines that collection through a deficiency judgment or sale of a deficiency judgment is not feasible, the Company writes off the unrecoverable receivable amount. Any losses greater than the recorded allowance will be recognized as expenses. Under the Company’s revenue recognition policies, all finance receivables (original product and special product) are classified as nonaccrual.

During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, write offs charged against the allowance for credit losses were $13,452 and $20,742, respectively. Any losses greater than the recorded allowance will be recognized as expenses. Under the Company’s revenue recognition policies, all finance receivables (original product and special product) are classified as nonaccrual.

Real Estate Assets Owned

In the event collection of a delinquent assessment results in a unit being sold in a foreclosure auction, the Company has the right to bid (on behalf of the community association) for the delinquent unit as attorney in fact, applying any amounts owed for the delinquent assessment to the foreclosure price as well as any additional funds that the Company, in its sole discretion, decides to pay. If a delinquent unit becomes owned by the community association by acquiring title through an association lien foreclosure auction, by accepting a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure, or by any other way, the Company in its sole discretion may direct the community association to quitclaim title of the unit to the Company.

Properties quitclaimed to the Company are in most cases acquired subject to a first mortgage or other liens, and are recognized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets solely at costs incurred by the Company in excess of original funding. At times, the Company will acquire properties through foreclosure actions free and clear of any mortgages or liens. In these cases, the Company records the estimated fair value of the properties in accordance with ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurements. Any real estate held for sale is adjusted to fair value less the cost to dispose in the event the carrying value of a unit or property exceeds its estimated net realizable value.

11


The Company capitalizes costs incurred to acquire real estate owned properties and any costs incurred to get the units in a condition to be rented.  These costs include, but are not limited to, renovation/rehabilitation costs, legal costs, and delinquent taxes.  These costs are depreciated over the estimated minimum time period the Company expects to maintain possession of the units.  Costs incurred for unencumbered units are depreciated over 20 years and costs for units subject to a first mortgage are depreciated over 3 years.  As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, capitalized real estate costs, net of accumulated depreciation, were $18,507 and $21,084, respectively.  

During the three month period ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, depreciation expense was $5,603 and $6,443, respectively.

If the Company elects to take a quitclaim title to a unit or property held for sale, the Company is responsible to pay all future assessments on a current basis, until a change of ownership occurs. The community association must allow the Company to lease or sell the unit to satisfy obligations for delinquent assessments of the original debt. All proceeds collected from any sale of the unit shall be first applied to all amounts due the Company plus any additional funds paid by the Company to purchase the unit, if applicable. Rental revenues and sales proceeds related to real estate assets held for sale are recognized when earned and realizable. Expenditures for current assessments owed to associations, repairs and maintenance, utilities, etc. are expensed when incurred.

If the community association elects (prior to the Company obtaining title through its own election) to maintain ownership and not quitclaim title to the Company, the community association must pay the Company all interest, late fees, collection costs, and legal fees expended, plus the original funding on the unit, which have accrued according to the purchase agreement entered into by the community association and the Company. In this event, the unit will be reassigned to the community association.

Fixed Assets

The Company capitalizes all acquisitions of fixed assets in excess of $500. Fixed assets are stated at cost. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Fixed assets are comprised of furniture, computer and office equipment with an assigned useful life of 3 to 5 years. Fixed assets also include capitalized software costs. Capitalized software costs include costs to develop software to be used solely to meet the Company’s internal needs, consist of employee salaries and benefits and fees paid to outside consultants during the application development stage, and are amortized over their estimated useful life of 5 years. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, capitalized software costs, net of accumulated amortization, was nil. Amortization expense for capitalized software costs for the three month period ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $nil and $5,815, respectively. 

Right to Use Assets

The Company capitalizes all leased assets pursuant to ASU 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)," which requires lessees to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liability, initially measured at present value of the lease payments, on its balance sheet for leases with terms longer than 12 months and classified as either financing or operating leases.  As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, right to use assets, net of accumulated amortization, was $235,167 and $260,260, respectively. Amortization expense for right to use assets for the three month period ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $25,093 and $2,426, respectively while the payments totaled $22,684 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. 

Other Investments – Note Receivable - Related Party

On December 20, 2019, the Company loaned $1.5 million to Craven (“Craven Secured Promissory Note”) which had an initial maturity date of April 15, 2020 and carried an interest rate of 0.5% that was to be paid monthly. The Company subsequently extended the due date of the Craven Secured Promissory Note to August 1, 2021 and allowed for the deferral of monthly interest payments.   The Craven Secured Promissory Note is secured by, among other things, Stock Pledge of Craven’s 640,000 Common Shares of the Company and the Assignment of the assets of Craven in favor of the Company.

Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess purchase price of acquired businesses over the fair value of the net assets acquired. Goodwill is not amortized, but instead is tested for impairment annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be fully recoverable.

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company recorded goodwill of approximately $5.7 million which represented amounts for the purchase of IIU. For purposes of the 2019 annual test, we will elect to perform a goodwill impairment analysis to assess whether it was more likely than not that the fair value of these reporting units exceeded their respective carrying values. In performing these assessments, management will rely on a number of factors including, but not limited to, macroeconomic conditions, industry and market considerations, cost factors that would have a negative effect on earnings and cash flows, overall financial performance compared with forecasted projections in prior periods, and other relevant reporting unit events, the impact of which are all significant judgments and estimates.  This assessment was performed as of December 31, 2019 and showed a $1.65 million impairment due to the

12


sale of IIU on January 8, 2020. The balance of goodwill as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was approximately $0 million and $4.0 million, respectively. 

Stock Issuable

In connection with the execution of the Share Exchange Agreement, the Company and Hanfor Owner entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement, dated March 23, 2020, pursuant to which Hanfor Owner purchased from Company an aggregate of 520,833 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $2.40 per share. Hanfor Owner paid $250,000 cash on March 23, 2020.  The Company would be required to repay that amount to Hanfor if the additional $1.0 million was not paid. However, the Company received the additional $1.0 million in April 2020.

Debt Issue Costs

The Company capitalizes all debt issue costs and amortizes them on a method that approximates the effective interest method over the remaining term of the note payable. The Company did not have any unamortized debt issue costs at March 31, 2020 and at December 31, 2019. Any costs will be presented in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as other assets until the loan proceeds are received which at that time will be reclassified as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability in accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2015-03 (see below). The Company adopted this new standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2016. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position and had no impact on its consolidated income or cash flows. In addition, the amortization of debt issuance costs is to be reported as interest expense under ASU 2015-03 (ASC 835-30-45-3).    

Settlement Costs with Associations

Community associations working with the Company will at times incur costs in connection with litigation initiated by the Company against property owners and or mortgage holders. These costs include settlement agreements whereby the community association agrees to pay some monetary compensation to the opposing party or judgments against the community associations for fees of opposing legal counsel or other damages awarded by the courts. The Company indemnifies the community association for these costs pursuant to the provisions of the agreement between the Company and the community association. Costs incurred by the Company for these indemnification obligations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were approximately $12,000  and $2,000, respectively. The Company does not limit its indemnification based on amounts ultimately collected from property owners.  

Income Taxes

Income taxes are provided for the tax effects of transactions reported in the consolidated financial statements and consist of taxes currently due plus deferred taxes resulting primarily from the tax effects of temporary differences between financial and income tax reporting. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.

 

Under ASC 740-10-30-5, Income Taxes, deferred tax assets should be reduced by a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more-likely-than-not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50%) that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The Company considers all positive and negative evidence available in determining the potential realization of deferred tax assets including, primarily, the recent history of taxable earnings or losses. Based on operating losses reported by the Company during 2018, 2017 and 2016, the Company concluded there was not sufficient positive evidence to overcome this recent operating history. As a result, the Company believes that a valuation allowance was necessary based on the more-likely-than-not threshold noted above. During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company decreased the valuation allowance to $3,634,857 to reflect a change in deferred tax assets.

Loss Per Share

Basic loss per share is calculated as net loss to common stockholders divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.  

The Company issued 2,500,000 shares at various times during the month of November 2018 and has weighted average these new shares in calculating loss per share.

On October 15, 2018, the Company effected a common share consolidation (“Reverse Stock Split”) by means of a one-for-ten (1:10) reverse split of its outstanding common stock, par value $0.001 per share which resulted in a decrease in outstanding common stock to 625,318 shares.  The Reverse Stock Split became effective on October 16, 2018 and the Company’s common stock began trading on The Nasdaq Global Market on a split-adjusted basis on October 16, 2018.

The Company has restated all share amounts to reflect the Reverse Stock Split.

13


Diluted loss per share for the period equals basic loss per share as the effect of any convertible notes, stock based compensation awards or stock warrants would be anti-dilutive.  

The anti-dilutive stock based compensation awards and convertible notes consisted of:

 

 

 

As of March 31,

 

 

2020

 

2019

Stock Options

 

19,300

 

19,300

Stock Warrants

 

3,959,287

 

3,834,287

Convertible Note

 

-

 

-

 

As part of its initial public offering, on October 23, 2015 the Company issued 1,200,000 warrants that allowed for the right to purchase 1,200,000 shares of common stock at an average exercise price of $12.50 per share. Due to the Reverse Stock Split on October 16, 2018, each warrant may only purchase one-tenth of one share of common stock at $12.50. These warrants have weighted average price of $12.50 per share and a weighted average remaining life of .69 years and .94 years as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. These warrants expire in the year 2020.  The aggregate intrinsic value of the outstanding common stock warrants as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was $0 and $0, respectively.

 

On October 31, 2018, the Company issued warrants as part of its secondary offering that allowed for the right to purchase 2,500,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.40 per share. These warrants expire in the year 2023.  During the three months ended March 31, 2020, warrants for 0 shares were exercised for $0.

As part of its underwriting agreement dated, October 31, 2018, the Company issued additional warrants, effective May 1, 2019, to its underwriter as part of its secondary offering that allowed for the right to purchase 125,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.64 per share on or after May 1, 2019. These warrants expire on May 2, 2022.

 

On April 2, 2018, the Company issued warrants that allowed for the right to purchase 40,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $6.605 per share. If the Company, at any time this warrant is outstanding, combines its outstanding shares of Common Stock into a smaller number of shares or enters into a corporate action or transaction to change the number of outstanding share of common stock, then the exercise price is adjusted along with the number of shares that can be purchased under this agreement. Due to the subsequent issuance of stock and warrants on October 31, 2018, these warrants now have the right to purchase 143,587 shares at an exercise price of $1.84 per share. These warrants expire in the year 2023.  

 

A senior secured convertible note to Craven House Capital North America LLC (Related Party), bearing interest at 3.0% was issued on January 16, 2019 and matures on either January 14, 2020 or convertible into 1,436,424 shares of the Company's common shares. On January 8, 2020, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) with Craven pursuant to which the Company sold to Craven all of the issued and outstanding shares of IIU, Inc., a Virginia based travel insurance brokerage company and wholly owned subsidiary of LMFA (“IIU”), for $3,562,569.  The purchase price was paid by Craven through the cancellation of the $3,461,782 Craven Convertible Note issued by LMFA to Craven dated January 16, 2019 plus forgiveness of $100,787 of accrued interest. LMFA originally paid $4,969,200 for the purchase of IIU in January 2019, which included a negative $720,386 net fair value of assets and $5,689,586 of goodwill. The sale of IIU resulted in a gain of $16,428.  

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company records all equity-based incentive grants to employees and non-employee members of the Company’s Board of Directors in operating expenses in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations based on their fair values determined on the date of grant. Stock-based compensation expense, reduced for estimated forfeitures, is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award, which is generally the vesting term of the outstanding equity awards.

Contingencies

The Company accrues for contingent obligations, including estimated legal costs, when the obligation is probable and the amount is reasonably estimable. As facts concerning contingencies become known, the Company reassesses its position and makes appropriate adjustments to the consolidated financial statements. Estimates that are particularly sensitive to future changes include those related to tax, legal and other regulatory matters.     

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

FASB ASC 825-10, Financial Instruments, requires disclosure of fair value information about financial instruments, whether or not recognized in the balance sheet. The Company engages a third-party valuation firm to assist in estimating the fair value of its finance receivables.

14


Risks and Uncertainties

Funding amounts are secured by a priority lien position provided under Florida law (see discussion above regarding Florida Statute 718.116). However, in the event the first mortgage holder takes title to the property, the amount payable by the mortgagee to satisfy the priority lien is capped under this same statute and would generally only be sufficient to reimburse the Company for funding amounts noted above for delinquent assessments. Amounts paid by the mortgagee would not generally reimburse the Company for interest, administrative late fees and collection costs. Even though the Company does not recognize these charges as revenues until collected, its business model and long-term viability is dependent on its ability to collect these charges.  

In the event a delinquent unit owner files for bankruptcy protection, the Company may at its option be reimbursed by the association for the amounts funded (i.e., purchase price) and all collection rights are re-assigned to the association.

Non-cash Financing and Investing Activities

During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company acquired unencumbered title to certain properties as a result of foreclosure proceedings.  Properties were recorded at fair value less cost to dispose of approximately $0 and $0, respectively.  The fair value of these properties was first applied to recover the Company’s initial investment with any remaining proceeds applied to interest, late fees, and other amounts owed by the property owner.

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company disposed of IIU which included assets and liabilities listed in Note 10.  

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which establishes a new approach for credit impairment based on an expected loss model rather than an incurred loss model. The standard requires the consideration of all available relevant information when estimating expected credit losses, including past events, current conditions and forecasts and their implications for expected credit losses.  The guidance is effective January 1, 2020 with a one-year early adoption permitted.  We adopted this new standard on January 1, 2020 and determined that this did not impact our consolidated financial statements.

Recent accounting guidance not discussed above is not applicable, did not have, or is not expected to have a material impact to the Company.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.

Subsequent Events

The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date which the condensed consolidated financial statements were issued. 

 

Note 2. Goodwill and Acquisition

On November 2, 2018, the Company invested cash by purchasing stock under a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “IIU SPA”) from IIU Inc. (“IIU”), a synergistic Virginia based travel insurance brokerage company controlled by Craven House N.A. (whose ownership excluding unexercised warrants is approximately 20% of the Company’s outstanding stock as of the date of acquisition), pursuant to which IIU issued to the Company a Senior Convertible Promissory Note (“IIU Note”) in the original principal amount of $1,500,000 in exchange for a purchase price of $1,500,000.  The maturity date of the Note is 360 dates after the date of issuance (subject to acceleration upon an event of default).  The Note carries a 3.0% interest rate, with accrued but unpaid interest being payable on the Note’s maturity date.  

The IIU Note allows the Company the right on or after the maturity date to convert any unpaid principal and accrued and unpaid interest of the IIU Note into shares of IIU based on a conversion amount which is the fair value of the common shares of IIU at the time. The conversion price will be reset if IIU issues or sells common shares, convertibles securities or options at a price per share that is less than the conversion price in effect immediately prior to such issue or sale or deemed issuance or sale of such dilutive issuance.

On January 16, 2019, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with Craven House North America, LLC (“Craven”) to purchase all of the shares of IIU as a possible synergistic effort to diversify revenue sources that are believed to be accretive to earnings.  IIU provided global medical insurance products for international travelers, specializing in policies covering high-risk destinations, emerging markets and foreign travelers coming to the United States. All policies are fully underwritten with no claim risk remaining with IIU.

The Board of Directors of LMFA approved the purchase of IIU. LMFA purchased 100% of the outstanding stock of IIU for $5,089,357.  LMFA paid the Purchase Price at closing as follows:

 

15


 

Cancellation by LMFA of all principal and accrued interest of IIU’s Promissory Note dated November 3, 2018 and issued to LMFA for principal indebtedness and accrued interest of $1,507,375.

 

LMFA issued to Craven a $3,581,982 Senior Convertible Promissory Note (“Craven Convertible Note”) for the balance of the Purchase Price.  At the option of Craven, the Convertible Note may be paid in restricted common shares of LMFA or cash.  The Craven Convertible Note shall bear simple interest at 3% per annum.  The Craven Convertible Note shall be due and payable 360 days from the Closing Date. If repaid by LMFA in restricted common stock, the outstanding principal and interest of the Craven Convertible Note shall be paid by LMFA by issuing to Seller a number of restricted common shares equal to the adjusted principal and accrued interest owing on the Craven Convertible Note divided by $2.41. The note principal was subsequently reduced by $120,200 arising from lower than expected Closing Cash and Net Working Capital. Craven had verbally agreed to extend repayment of this Craven Convertible Note 12 months from April 15, 2019.

 

Net cash received in the business acquisition was $51,327.

As such, the $1.5 million note receivable was cancelled as of January 16, 2019.

 

The following table summarizes the approximate consideration paid and the amounts of the identified assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date:

 

 

January 16, 2019

 

 

Total adjusted purchase price

$

4,969,200

 

 

Recognized preliminary amounts of identifiable assets acquired and (liabilities assumed), at fair value:

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

51,300

 

 

Prepaid and other current assets

 

5,200

 

 

Profit on purchased policies

 

14,600

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

17,100

 

 

Accounts payable

 

(5,100

)

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

(62,686

)

 

Income taxes

 

(28,500

)

 

Deferred revenue

 

(9,300

)

 

Debt

 

(703,000

)

 

Preliminary estimate of the fair value of assets and liabilities assumed

 

(720,386

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goodwill

$

5,689,586

 

 

 

We performed an assessment effective as of December 31, 2019 in light of the Company’s sale of IIU on January 8, 2020 which resulted in a $1.65 million goodwill impairment.  On January 8, 2020, the Company entered into a SPA with Craven pursuant to which the Company sold to Craven all of the issued and outstanding shares of IIU for $3,562,569.  The purchase price was paid by Craven through the cancellation of the $3,461,782 Convertible Promissory Note issued by LMFA to Craven dated January 16, 2019 plus forgiveness of $100,787 of accrued interest. See Note 10 Discontinued Operations.

 

Note 3. Finance Receivables – Original Product

The Company’s original funding product provides financing to community associations only up to the secured or “Super Lien Amount” as discussed in Note 1.  Finance receivables for the original product as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 based on the year of funding are approximately as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31,

2019 (Audited)

 

Funded during the current year

 

$

11,900

 

 

$

40,000

 

1-2 years outstanding

 

 

27,100

 

 

 

15,000

 

2-3 years outstanding

 

 

13,300

 

 

 

20,000

 

3-4 years outstanding

 

 

19,800

 

 

 

11,000

 

Greater than 4 years outstanding

 

 

285,600

 

 

 

300,000

 

 

 

 

357,700

 

 

 

386,000

 

Reserve for credit losses

 

 

(112,000

)

 

 

(112,000

)

 

 

$

245,700

 

 

$

274,000

 

Number of active units with delinquent assessments

 

 

561

 

 

 

598

 

Amount of outstanding interest and late fees on active units

 

$

8,793,000

 

 

$

9,167,000

 

16


 

Note 4. Finance Receivables – Special Product (New Neighbor Guaranty program)

The Company typically funds amounts equal to or less than the “Super Lien Amount”.  During 2012 the Company began offering Associations an alternative product under the New Neighbor Guaranty program where the Company funds amounts in excess of the “Super Lien Amount”.  

Under this special product, the Company purchases substantially all of the outstanding past due assessments due from delinquent property owners, in addition to all interest, late fees and other charges in exchange for the Company’s commitment to pay monthly assessments on a going forward basis up to 48 months.  

As of March 31, 2020, maximum future contingent payments under these arrangements was approximately $33,000.  

Delinquent assessments and accrued charges under these arrangements as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, are as follows: 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31,

2019 (Audited)

 

Finance receivables, net

 

$

99,000

 

 

$

129,000

 

Delinquent assessments

 

 

217,000

 

 

 

374,000

 

Accrued interest and late fees

 

 

121,000

 

 

 

235,000

 

Number of active units with delinquent assessments

 

 

18

 

 

 

31

 

 

Allowance for credit losses are recorded for losses that are considered “probable” and can be “reasonably estimated” in accordance with ASC 450-20.  Recoverability of the Company’s Original Product is generally assured because of the protection of the Super Lien under Florida statute and as such no allowance is recorded.    

Credit losses on the NNG product were estimated by the Company based on analyzing the investment in each unit and comparing that balance to the average payout for completed units for the past 12 months. The allowance for losses based on these analyses, had a remaining balance of $7,000 and $20,000 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

Note 5. Due to Related Party

Legal services for the Company associated with the collection of delinquent assessments from property owners are performed by a law firm, Business Law Group (“BLG”), which was owned solely by Bruce M. Rodgers, the Chief Executive Officer of LMFA until and through the date of the initial public offering. Following the offering, Mr. Rodgers transferred his interest in BLG to other attorneys at the firm through a redemption of his interest in the firm, and BLG is now under control of those lawyers. The law firm has historically performed collection work primarily on a deferred billing basis wherein the law firm receives payment for services rendered upon collection from the property owners or at amounts ultimately subject to negotiations with the Company.

During 2016, the Company experienced a decline in collection events that affected revenues both to the Company and BLG.  That resulted in an increase in the related party receivable and reflects the decision by the Company to advance funds to BLG based on the amount of their unpaid legal fees due from property owners.  Effective January 1, 2017, the Company entered into a new services agreement with BLG which partially alters the traditional deferred billing arrangement noted above.  

 

Under the new agreement, the Company pays BLG a fixed monthly fee of $82,000 for services rendered.  The Company will continue to pay BLG a minimum per unit fee of $700 in any case where there is a collection event and BLG receives no payment from the property owner.  This provision has been expanded to also include any unit where the Company has taken title to the unit or where the association has terminated its contract with either BLG or the Company.    

Amounts expensed by the Company to BLG for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively were approximately $259,000 and $246,000, respectively.  As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, receivables from property owners for charges ultimately payable to BLG approximate $1,730,000 and $1,883,000, respectively.

Under the related party agreement with BLG in effect during 2020 and 2019, the Company pays all costs (lien filing fees, process and serve costs) incurred in connection with the collection of amounts due from property owners.  Any recovery of these collection costs is accounted for as a reduction in expense incurred.  The Company incurred expenses related to these types of costs for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were $36,000 and $47,000, respectively. Recoveries during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, related to those costs were approximately $45,000 and $70,000, respectively.  

The Company also shares office space and related common expenses with BLG.  All shared expenses, including rent, are charged to the legal firm based on an estimate of actual usage.  Any expenses of BLG paid by the Company that have not been reimbursed or

17


settled against other amounts are reflected as due from related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet. BLG was charged approximately $15,000 for the office sub-lease.

Amounts receivable from BLG as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 were approximately $25,800 and $152,800, respectively. In the first three months of March 31, 2020, the Company subsequently recouped $100,000 of previously write-off amounts to BLG.

 

On December 20, 2019, the Company loaned $1.5 million to Craven in the form of a secured promissory note (the “Craven Secured

Promissory Note”) which had an initial maturity date of April 15, 2020 and carried an interest rate of 0.5% that was to be paid monthly.

 

The Company subsequently extended the due date of the Craven Secured Promissory Note and the monthly interest payments to August 1, 2021. The Craven Secured Promissory Note is secured by, among other things, stock pledge of Craven’s 640,000 common stock of the Company and the assignment of the assets of Craven in favor of the Company.

Note 6. Debt and Other Financing Arrangements

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31,

2019 (Audited)

 

Financing agreement with FlatIron capital that is unsecured.  Down payment of $19,170 was required upfront and equal installment payments of $11,590 to be made over a 11 month period. The note matures June 1, 2020. Annualized interest is 6.8%

 

$

34,770

 

 

$

69,540

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Senior secured convertible note to Craven House Capital North America LLC (Related Party), bearing interest at 3.0%.  Note was issued on January 16, 2019 and either matured on January 14, 2020 or became convertible into 1,436,424 shares of the Company's common shares. The value of the beneficial conversion feature as of January 16, 2019 was zero*.

 

 

-

 

 

 

3,461,782

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Promissory note issued by a financial institution, bearing interest at 9.09%, interest and principal payments due monthly of $323.  Note is secured by an automobile and was issued on July 26, 2019 with original borrowings of $12,892.  The note mature son August 26, 2023.

 

 

-

 

 

 

11,802

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Promissory note issued by a financial institution, bearing interest at 5.85%, interest and principal payments due monthly of $10,932. Note was issued on May 31, 2018 with original borrowings of $608,000 and subsequent borrowings of $141,000 and repayments of $51,000.  The note matures on May 30, 2025 and can be prepaid at any time without penalty. This note is secured by the Company’s inventory, chattel paper, accounts, equipment and general intangible intangibles and deposit accounts.

 

 

-

 

 

 

606,454

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

34,770

 

 

$

4,149,578

 

18


 

Note 7. Going Concern

 The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business within one year after the date the consolidated financial statements are issued. In accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board, or the FASB, Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40), our management evaluates whether there are conditions or events, considered in aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued, no adjustments to the financial statements have been made to account for this uncertainty.

The Company has experienced significant operating losses over the past 4 years (2016 through March 31, 2020) with cumulative losses of approximately $15,046,000 and negative cashflows from operations. These losses resulted in the usage of all cash proceeds from the Company’s initial public offering in 2015. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

On January 8, 2020, the Company settled the $3,461,782 note with $100,787 accrued interest owed to Craven by exchanging the note and accrued interest for ownership of IIU, Inc. On March 23, 2020, the Company’s entered into a merger agreement (See Note 1) which resulted in a $1.25 million cash infusion into the Company. We plan to expand our operations and increase profits as a result of the merger agreement which is in the due diligence period and has a termination period of 8 months from the date of the agreement with an extension period not to extend past March 2021.

However, we may not have enough cash to satisfy our estimated liquidity needs for the 12 months from the issuance of these financial statements. We cannot state with certainty that the Hanfor merger will close and depending upon the circumstances under which the merger would be terminated, we may not have sufficient liquidity to meet the obligations of the Company.

  

Note 8. Commitments and Contingencies

Leases

The Company leases certain office space, construction and office equipment, vehicles and temporary housing generally under non-cancelable operating leases. Leases with an initial term of one year or less are not recorded on the balance sheet, and the Company generally recognizes lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term. As of March 31, 2020, the Company’s operating leases have remaining lease terms ranging from less than one year to 3 years, some of which include options to renew the leases. The exercise of lease renewal options is generally at the Company’s sole discretion. The Company’s leases do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating lease ROU assets and current and long-term operating lease liabilities are separately stated on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2020. ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The present value of future lease payments are discounted using either the implicit rate in the lease, if known, or the Company’s incremental borrowing rate for the specific lease as of the lease commencement date. The rate was determined as a fair value of the lease over a 37 month period using a 6.5% interest rate for the present value calculation. The ROU asset is also adjusted for any prepayments made or incentives received. The lease terms include options to extend or terminate the lease only to the extent it is reasonably certain any of those options will be exercised. Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company accounts for lease components (e.g., fixed payments) separate from the non-lease components (e.g., common-area maintenance costs). The Company does not have any material financing leases.

The Company leased its office under an operating lease beginning March 1, 2014 and ending July 31, 2019. The Company’s new office lease began July 15, 2019 and ends July 31, 2022. It also had a month to month lease for its IIU operations in 2019. A related party has a sub-lease for approximately $4,900 per month plus operating expenses.

 

The Company shares this space and the related costs associated with this operating lease with a related party (see Note 5) that also performs legal services associated with the collection of delinquent assessments.  Net rent expense recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were approximated $18,000 and $40,000, respectively.

 

19


The following table presents components of lease expense excluding discontinued operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

 

Three Months

Ended

March 31,

2020

Three Months

Ended

March 31,

2019

Operating lease expense

$

18,080

40,042

 

$

18,080

40,042

 

The following table presents supplemental balance sheet information related to operating leases as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

 

Balance Sheet Line Item

As of March 31, 2020

 

As of December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ROU assets

 

Right of use asset, net

$

235,167

 

$

260,260

 

 

 

Total lease assets

 

 

$

235,167

 

$

260,260

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current lease liabilities

 

Lease liability

$

96,552

 

$

94,235

 

 

 

Long-term lease liabilities

 

Lease liability

 

146,647

 

 

171,648

 

 

 

Total lease liabilities

 

 

$

243,199

 

$

265,883

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years)

 

 

 

2.38

 

 

2.60

 

 

 

Weighted-average discount rate

 

 

 

6.55

%

 

6.55

%

 

 

The following table presents supplemental cash flow information and non-cash activity related to operating leases for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

 

 

 

Operating cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities

 

 

$

(22,684

)

$

(2,191

)

 

 

Supplemental Disclosure of non-cashflow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ROU assets and operating lease obligation recognized

 

 

$

-

 

$

26,685.00

 

 

 

 

The following table presents maturities of operating lease liabilities on an undiscounted basis as of March 31, 2020:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Leases

 

 

 

 

 

2020 (excluding the three months ended March 31, 2020)

 

 

$

71,551

 

 

 

 

 

2021

 

 

 

103,646

 

 

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

68,002

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

243,199

 

 

 

 

 

Legal Proceedings

Other than the lawsuits described below, we are not currently a party to material litigation proceedings. However, we frequently become party to litigation in the ordinary course of business, including either the prosecution or defense of claims arising from contracts by and between us and client Associations. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because of prosecution, defense, and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors.

20


 

The Company accrues for contingent obligations, including estimated legal costs, when the obligation is probable and the amount is reasonably estimable. As facts concerning contingencies become known, the Company reassesses its position and makes appropriate adjustments to the consolidated financial statements. Estimates that are particularly sensitive to future changes include those related to tax, legal, and other regulatory matters.

 

Note 9. Stockholders’ Equity

Stock Options

The 2015 Omnibus Incentive Plan provides for the issuance of stock options, stock appreciation rights, performance shares,

performance units, restricted stock, restricted stock units, shares of our common stock, dividend equivalent units, incentive cash

awards or other awards based on our common stock. Awards may be granted alone or in addition to, in tandem with, or (subject to the

2015 Omnibus Incentive Plan’s prohibitions on repricing) in substitution for any other award (or any other award granted under

another plan of ours or of any of our affiliates).

 

The following is a summary of the stock option plan activity during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

Weighted Average

 

 

Number of

 

 

Weighted Average

 

 

 

Options

 

 

Exercise Price

 

 

Options

 

 

Exercise Price

 

Options Outstanding at Beginning of the year

 

 

19,300

 

 

$

60.51

 

 

 

19,300

 

 

$

60.51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Exercised

 

 

-