0001640334-18-002309.txt : 20181129 0001640334-18-002309.hdr.sgml : 20181129 20181129172432 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001640334-18-002309 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-K PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 45 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20180831 FILED AS OF DATE: 20181129 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20181129 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC. CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001621221 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: SERVICES-BUSINESS SERVICES, NEC [7389] IRS NUMBER: 331220924 STATE OF INCORPORATION: NV FISCAL YEAR END: 0831 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-K SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 333-199213 FILM NUMBER: 181209237 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 888 PROSPECT STREET, SUITE 210 CITY: LA JOLLA STATE: CA ZIP: 92037 BUSINESS PHONE: 760-943-1689 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 888 PROSPECT STREET, SUITE 210 CITY: LA JOLLA STATE: CA ZIP: 92037 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: REACTIVE MEDICAL INC. DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 20170207 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: KNIGHT KNOX DEVELOPMENT CORP. DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 20141001 10-K 1 artl_10k.htm FORM 10-K artl_10k.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

x

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

For the fiscal year ended August 31, 2018

 

¨

TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

For the transition period from _________ to __________

 

Commission file number 333-199213

 

ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

 

33-1220924

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

888 Prospect Street, Suite 210, La Jolla, CA

 

92037

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (760) 943-1689

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Name of Each Exchange On Which Registered

N/A

 

N/A

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

N/A

(Title of class)

  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 the Securities Act. Yes ¨ No x

  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act Yes ¨ No x

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the last 90 days. Yes x No ¨

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.     

  

Large accelerated filer

¨

Accelerated filer

¨

Non-accelerated filer

¨

Smaller reporting company

x

 

Emerging Growth Company 

x

  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x

  

The aggregate market value of Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant on February 28, 2018, was $9,504,477 based on a $1.38 average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

  

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock as of the latest practicable date.

  

14,002,293 common shares as of November 29, 2018.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

None.

 

 
 
 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Item 1.

Business

 

3

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

13

 

Item 2.

Properties

 

13

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

 

13

 

Item 4. 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

13

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

13

 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

 

14

 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

14

 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

17

 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

18

 

Item 9. 

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

34

 

Item 9A. 

Controls and Procedures

 

34

 

Item 9B. 

Other Information

 

34

 

Item 10. 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

35

 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

 

40

 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

42

 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

44

 

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

 

44

 

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

45

 

   

 
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PART I

 

Item 1. Business

 

This annual report contains forward-looking statements. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may”, “should”, “expects”, “plans”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “estimates”, “predicts”, “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the risks in the section entitled “Risk Factors” that may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.

 

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.

 

Our financial statements are stated in United States dollars (US$) and are prepared in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.

 

In this annual report, unless otherwise specified, all dollar amounts are expressed in United States dollars and all references to “common shares” refer to the common shares in our capital stock.

 

As used in this current report and unless otherwise indicated, the terms “we”, “us,” “our,” and the “company” mean Artelo Biosciences, Inc., and our wholly owned subsidiaries Trinity Reliant Ventures Limited, an Ireland corporation and Trinity Research & Development Limited, an England and Wales corporation, unless otherwise indicated.

 

General Overview

 

Our company was initially incorporated as Knight Knox Development Corp. in the State of Nevada on May 2, 2011 with a plan to develop an online business using our domain www.offeritnow.com to generate revenues by (i) selling advertisement space to third party websites, (ii) charging a fee for listing items for sale on the Company’s website or (iii) selling items on the auction section of the website. On November 18, 2016, James Manley, who had served as President, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and director resigned from our company. On that date Peter O’Brien acquired all 6,000,000 shares of common stock of the company that had previously been owned by James Manley and assumed the positions of President, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and director of our company.

 

On November 16, 2016, we registered a wholly-owned subsidiary in Ireland, Trinity Reliant Ventures Limited, to oversee its European operations. To date, activities within the subsidiary have consisted of raising equity capital and performing limited research in the United Kingdom.

 

On January 19, 2017, a majority of our stockholders and our Board of Directors (the “Board”) approved a change of our company’s name to Reactive Medical, Inc. to pursue the licensing, development and commercialization of cannabinoid-based therapeutic treatments.

 

On April 3, 2017, Mr. O’Brien resigned from the positions of President, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer of our company and the Board appointed Gregory Gorgas to assume each of those positions. At that time, Mr. Gorgas also became a member of our Board. Mr. O’Brien retained his seat on the Board and was appointed Senior Vice President – European Operations. Mr. Gorgas purchased a total of 1,760,000 shares of our company’s common stock at a price of $0.001 per share, which shares are subject to a repurchase option by our company should Mr. Gorgas’ employment end prior to the fourth anniversary of the start date of his employment.

 

 
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On April 14, 2017, with the approval of our Board and stockholders owning at least a majority of the outstanding shares of our company, we filed a Certificate of Change with the Secretary of State of Nevada to change our company’s name to Artelo Biosciences, Inc. The name change more accurately informs stockholders about the focus and nature of our company. The name “Artelo” was selected to portray our focus on improving and/or administering products distributed via arterial blood flow, and “Biosciences” to more accurately reflect our focus on drug development, including those derived from botanical sources.

 

On May 2, 2017, we entered into an Exclusive Patent License Agreement (as amended, the “Analog Agreement”) with Analog Biosciences, Inc. (“Analog”) whereby we obtained an exclusive license to a provisional patent application, and any patent issued thereunder, related to a combination product strategy to produce a synergy with cannabidiol (the “Invention”), which was previously licensed to Analog by a third party. Pursuant to the terms of the Analog Agreement, we have the exclusive right to use and sublicense the Invention, for which we pay Analog a percentage of any sales, any earned royalty and certain other payments. We have prioritized our research efforts with NEOMED’s proprietary therapeutic compound NEO1940 (the “Compound”) and the technology licensed from Stony Brook University and discontinued our development efforts related to the patents licensed from Analog.

 

Also on May 2, 2017, Peter O’Brien, the Senior Vice President – European Operations and majority stockholder entered into an agreement to sell 50% of the shares held by him to an investor for $3,000. In addition, our company increased the size of the Board from two members to four members and appointed Connie Matsui and Steven Kelly as members of our Board.

 

On June 2, 2017, we registered a wholly-owned subsidiary in England and Wales, Trinity Research & Development Limited.

 

On July 31, 2017, we closed a private placement offering of 1,952,302 Units (the “Series A Units”) of our equity securities at a price of $0.40 per Series A Unit for aggregate proceeds of $780,921. Each Series A Unit consists of: (i) one (1) share of common stock, and (ii) one (1) Series A Common Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase one (1) share of common stock at a price of $1.00 per share for a period of five (5) years from the issue date (the “Series A Common Stock Warrants”). The Series A Common Stock Warrants may be exercised on a cashless basis. The consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Subscription Agreement occurred on July 31, 2017. As part of the offering, our company and the Investors entered into a Registration Rights Agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”), which requires our company to register for resale all of the shares of common stock sold as part of the offering, including those issuable upon exercise of the Series A Common Stock Warrants, within 180 days from the closing of the offering.

 

On July 31, 2017, Douglas Blayney, MD was appointed to the Board. On September 20, 2017, each of Georgia Erbez and R. Martin Emanuele, PhD was appointed to the Board.

 

On December 20, 2017, we entered into a license agreement with NEOMED (the “NEOMED Agreement”). The NEOMED Agreement, which has an effective date of January 2, 2018, provides our company with up to twelve months from the date of receipt by our company of the required materials to conduct certain non-clinical research studies, diligence and technical analyses with the Compound and an option for an exclusive worldwide license to develop and commercialize products comprising or containing the Compound. Pursuant to the terms of the NEOMED Agreement, within 30 days after the effective date of the NEOMED Agreement, NEOMED, without additional consideration and at its sole cost, delivered to our company certain technology transfer materials and the quantity of the Compound substance specified in a research plan, both as set out under the NEOMED Agreement. We will have one year from the date of receipt by our company of the required materials to exercise the option. Upon exercise of the option, NEOMED will provide our company with an exclusive worldwide license under all of NEOMED’s intellectual property rights covering the Compound (“Licensed IP Rights”) to research, develop, make, have made, use, offer for sale, sell, have sold and import products containing the Compound and otherwise exploit the Licensed IP Rights in all fields.

 

On January 18, 2018, we entered into a license agreement with the Research Foundation (the “Foundation”) at Stony Brook University (the “Stony Brook Agreement”) which became effective on that same date. The Stony Brook Agreement provides us with an exclusive license under certain licensed patents of the Foundation (the "Patent Rights") to develop, make, manufacture, have made, use, sell, have sold, import, export, and offer for sale Patent Product(s) (as defined in the Stony Brook Agreement) and Other Product(s) (as defined in the Stony Brook Agreement) worldwide in all fields, including without limitation the field of human therapeutics. The Agreement has an effective date of January 18, 2018 (the "Effective Date").

 

 
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Pursuant to the Stony Brook Agreement, our company will pay to the Foundation an upfront fee and annual License maintenance fees, beginning on the first anniversary of the Effective Date and annually thereafter on each anniversary of the Effective Date.

 

Our company will be required to pay a low-single digit royalty on net sales on any patent products (the "Royalties"). The Stony Brook Agreement provides for a reduction of the Royalties in certain cases.

 

Pursuant to the Stony Brook Agreement, we will also pay to the Foundation, beginning in the first calendar year of the first commercial sales, an annual minimum royalty fee (the "Annual Minimum Royalty"). The Annual Minimum Royalty will be credited against the total Royalties due for the calendar year in which the Annual Minimum Royalty.

 

Our company will also be required to make payments for the following milestones:

 

Milestone

 

Milestone

Payment

($US)

 

Lead candidate selection (milestone one of the Commercialization business plan) or second anniversary of Effective Date of Agreement, whichever comes first

 

$ 25,000.00

 

Initiation of a Phase II Clinical Trial for the first Indication of each active pharmaceutical ingredient that results from the grant of rights in Section 2 to Licensed Subject Matter

 

$ 150,000.00

 

Initiation of a Phase III Clinical Trial for the first Indication of each active pharmaceutical ingredient that results from the grant of rights in Section 2 to Licensed Subject Matter

 

$ 250,000.00

 

Upon First Commercial Sale based upon U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) or European Medicines Agency (“EMA”) regulatory approval for the first Indication of each active pharmaceutical ingredient that results from the grant of rights in Section 2 to Licensed Subject Matter

 

$ 1,500,000.00

 

Receiving FDA or EMA approval for the second and each subsequent Indication of each active pharmaceutical ingredient that results from the grant of rights in Section 2 to Licensed Subject Matter

 

$ 1,000,000.00

 

First time annual Net Sales greater than $100,000,000.00

 

$ 1,000,000.00

 

First time annual Net Sales greater than $500,000,000.00

 

$ 5,000,000.00

 

 

The term of the Stony Brook Agreement will commence on the Effective Date and will continue until the Stony Brook Agreement is terminated according to the terms of the Stony Brook Agreement.

 

On March 23, 2018, we closed a private placement offering of 1,308,893 Series B Units (the “Series B Units”) of our equity securities at a price of $0.65 per Series B Unit for aggregate proceeds of $850,780. Each Series B Unit consists of: (i) one (1) share of common stock, and (ii) one (1) Series B Common Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase one (1) share of common stock at a price of $1.50 per share for a period of five (5) years from the issue date (the “Series B Common Stock Warrants”). The Series B Common Stock Warrants may be exercised on a cashless basis. The consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Subscription Agreement occurred on March 23, 2018.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018, the Company received cash of $525,828 that has been recorded for the issuance of 701,098 common shares at a price of $0.75 per Unit pursuant to a private placement offering conducted by the Company in relation to subscription agreements accepted up to August 31, 2018. Each Unit consists of: (i) one (1) share of common stock; and (ii) one (1) Series C Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase one (1) share of common stock at a price of $1.75 per share for a period of 5 years from the issue date. The consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Subscription Agreement occurred on September 12, 2018.

 

 
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Current Business

 

We are an ethical biopharmaceutical company focused on licensing, developing and commercializing treatments intended to modulate the endocannabinoid system (the “ECS”). We plan to conduct research with our programs in accordance with traditional drug development standards and available to the general public via prescription or physician orders after obtaining marketing authorization from a regulatory authority, such as the FDA.

 

The ECS is composed of cannabinoid receptors, endogenous receptor ligands (endocannabinoids) and their associated transporter mechanisms, as well as enzymes responsible for the synthesis and degradation of endocannabinoids has emerged as a considerable target for pharmacotherapy approaches of numerous diseases.

 

Modulation of the ECS can be effected by using selective or non-selective agonists, partial agonists, inverse agonists, and antagonists of the cannabinoid receptors (e.g. CB1 and CB2). The actions of endogenous ligands can be enhanced or attenuated by targeting mechanisms that are associated with their transport within the cellular and extra cellular matrix (e.g. FABPs) as well as their synthesis (e.g. DAGL) and breakdown (e.g. FAAH). Allosteric modulation of cannabinoid receptors may also affect how the endogenous receptor ligands associate with the cannabinoid receptors. Small molecule chemical modulators of the ECS can either be derived from the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids) or can be semi-synthetic derivatives of phytocannabinoids or endocannabinoids, or completely synthetic new chemical entities. Artelo has approaches within its current portfolio that address receptor binding and endocannabinoid transport modulation using both synthetic cannabinoids and new chemical entity approaches. Future approaches may involve targeting synthesis or breakdown enzymes.

 

The ECS is a widespread modulatory system that plays important roles in central nervous system (“CNS”) development, synaptic plasticity, and the response to endogenous and environmental insults. The CB1 receptor is distributed in brain areas associated with motor control, emotional responses, motivated behavior and energy homeostasis. In the periphery, CB1 is ubiquitously expressed in the adipose tissue, pancreas, liver, gastrointestinal tract, skeletal muscles, heart and the reproductive system. The CB2 receptor is mainly expressed in the immune system regulating its functions, and is upregulated in response to tissue stress or damage in most cell types. The ECS is therefore involved in pathophysiological conditions in both the central and peripheral tissues. Cannabis, extracts from cannabis, and approved cannabinoid-based medicines are already used to treat numerous medical conditions. The ECS is further implicated in many disease states within the peer reviewed literature including conditions which involve the regulation of food intake, central nervous system, pain, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, immune and inflammation, behavioral, antiproliferative and reproductive functions. These areas of ECS pathophysiology are aligned with Artelo’s focus therapeutic areas of pain, inflammation, cachexia, cardiovascular, and cancer.

 

Business Strategy

 

Our objective is to develop and commercialize ethical pharmaceutical products that provide physicians access to the therapeutic potential of cannabinoid therapeutics and other modulators of the ECS for their patients. We intend to pursue technologies and compounds that offer promising therapeutic approach to cannabinoid-based therapies, as well as compounds that promote the effectiveness of the ECS. Currently we are evaluating and pursuing several technologies and compounds in each of the following areas: naturally-occurring cannabinoids (e.g. cannabidiol), synthetic cannabinoids, and endocannabinoid modulators.

 

Technology

 

We intend to create, acquire, and develop a full spectrum of therapeutics, each of which has the potential to modulate the ECS for human health. The principal scientific platforms of our strategy are as follows:

 

 

·

Synthetics and mimetics

 

We plan to acquire rights to intellectual property for research and clinical stage assets developed within the pharmaceutical industry and leading research institutions which utilize synthetically developed mimetics or alternatives to plant-based cannabinoids. Our efforts to secure rights to synthetic cannabinoids and proprietary compounds led us to the NEOMED Agreement with NEOMED for the Compound and the discovery of our novel solid state form of cannabidiol.

 

 

·

New Chemical Entities

 

 
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We expect to license intellectual property rights for research stage platforms and new chemical entities developed within leading academic institutions under which we may develop programs that modulate the ECS. These programs may involve the use of compounds which are neither plant based nor synthetically-derived cannabinoids, but are instead compounds that have been shown to have promising potential for modulating the ECS. Our licensing initiatives for this strategy led us to enter into the Stony Brook FABP5 inhibitor program.

 

Our management, board and scientific advisors have experience developing and commercializing ethical pharmaceutical products, including several first-in-class therapeutics. As we build our pipeline and advance our research and clinical development programs, we will evaluate partnerships with large pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies where applicable. Based upon our management’s current experience and the future talent we may attract, we plan to retain rights to develop and commercialize products on our own. However, we will seek collaborations with biopharmaceutical partners should that strategy serve to maximize the value for our stockholders.

 

Our current pipeline encompasses multiple mechanisms for endocannabinoid system modulation. The specific programs that are currently in development are set forth below:

 

 

Two of our development programs were licensed from established and respected organizations that have already conducted pre-clinical research and, in some cases, clinical research. Our science and regulatory teams are leveraging this research to speed development and commercialization timelines across our growing portfolio.

 

ART12.11 – Artelo’s novel cannabidiol composition is targeted for development in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), stroke and rare/orphan diseases. The rare/orphan disease strategy may be influenced by near-term FDA actions with other company’s programs containing cannabidiol, however, Artelo has the intent to prioritize pain conditions associated with inflammation and neurologic conditions such as epilepsy.

 

ART26.12 – Our endocannabinoid transport protein (FABP5) inhibitor is intended for treatment of breast cancer, prostate cancer, and neuropathic and nociceptive pain. Our near-term goal is to identify a lead development compound and assess its activity in models of cancer and pain. Once one or more lead compound(s) are selected, the company intends to initiate IND-enabling studies.

 

ART27.13 – ART27.13 is the Artelo name for the compound formerly known as NEO1940 and AZD1940. As disclosed in Company’s Press Release on January 30, 2018, Artelo expects to identify one or more cancer types with anti-tumor activity and determine which indication the Company will pursue. Artelo also intends to develop a formulation suitable for treatment of anorexia/weight loss associated with cancer. ART27.13 (NEO1940) has been in 205 subjects in prior clinical studies and is clinic-ready for anorexia and our primary intent is to develop the compound as a cancer supportive care therapeutic. In addition, the Company intends to aggressively assess its potential as a cancer therapeutic. If a tumor-type of interest is identified, we plan to discuss with regulatory authorities the specific steps required to initiate anti-tumor clinical studies.

 

 
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Competition

 

The pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries are characterized by rapidly advancing technologies, intense competition and an emphasis on proprietary products. Any product candidates that we successfully develop and commercialize may compete with existing therapies and new therapies that may become available in the future.

 

We plan to compete in the segments of the pharmaceutical, biotechnological and other related markets with therapeutics that demonstrate clinical utility, have an acceptable safety profile and target commercially attractive indications characterized by previously unmet medical need.

 

Our potential competitors, which include large pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies, may have significantly greater financial resources and expertise in research and development, manufacturing, preclinical testing, conducting clinical trials, obtaining regulatory approvals and marketing approved medicines than we do. These competitors also compete with us in recruiting and retaining qualified scientific and management personnel and establishing clinical trial sites and patient registration for clinical trials, as well as in acquiring technologies complementary to, or necessary for, our programs.

 

Our commercial opportunity could be reduced or eliminated if our competitors develop and commercialize medicines that are safer, more effective, have fewer or less severe side effects, are more convenient or are less expensive than any products that we may develop. Our competitors also may obtain approval from the FDA or other regulatory agencies for their medicines more rapidly than we may obtain approval for ours, which could result in our competitors establishing a strong market position before we are able to enter the market.

 

Intellectual Property

 

We are a party to the NEOMED Agreement with NEOMED, the Stony Brook Agreement with Stony Brook University and the Analog Agreement with Analog, although we have discontinued our work with Analog and, going forward, we intend to license intellectual property from pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies and research institutions which would cover research stage and clinical stage assets to build a pipeline of products that modulate the ECS.

 

On December 20, 2017, we entered into a Material and Data Transfer, Option and License Agreement (the “License Agreement”) with NEOMED Institute, a Canadian not-for-profit corporation (“NEOMED”), that provides the Company with up to twelve months from the date of receipt by the Company of the required materials to conduct certain non-clinical research studies, diligence and technical analyses with NEOMED’s Compound and an option (the “Option”) for an exclusive worldwide license to develop and commercialize products comprising or containing the Compound. The License Agreement has an effective date of January 2, 2018 (the “Effective Date”). In clinical development studies with NEOMED’s prior sponsor, NEO1940 was dosed in over 200 subjects. From 2007 to 2008, NEO1940 was evaluated in five phase I clinical trials under its original sponsor; AstraZeneca. NEO1940 was administered orally in 205 patients and its safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics were investigated. Four of these studies were single dose or Single Ascending Dose (“SAD”) studies. An initial SAD was conducted in Caucasian population. The program was completed with another study performed in a Japanese population. The two other single dose studies aimed at measuring a pharmacodynamics effect (Proof-of-Principle or POP studies) on analgesia using the capsaicin test in one case of the third molar extraction model in the other case. The last phase I study was a Multiple Ascending Dose (“MAD”) study, where patients with chronic lower back pain received NEO1940 for a scheduled period of twelve days. Further details of the studies are found in Table 1.

 

 
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Table 1 – Clinical studies performed with NEO1940

 

Year

Full Title

Schedule

Primary Endpoint

Secondary Endpoints

2007

 

Phase I, First Time in Man, Single-Centre, Randomised, Double-Blind (within panels), Placebo-Controlled Study to Investigate Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of NEO1940 after Administration of Oral Single Ascending Doses in Healthy Volunteers

Single dose

safety and tolerability

 

CNS effects; PK profile,

2007-2008

 

A Phase I, Single-Centre, Randomised, Double-Blind (within panels), Placebo-Controlled Study to Investigate Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of NEO1940 after Administration of Oral Single Ascending Doses in Japanese Healthy Male Volunteers

Single dose

safety and tolerability

 

CNS effects; PK profile,

2007-2008

 

A Phase I, Single-centre, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Crossover Study in Healthy Volunteers to Evaluate Effects of a Single Oral Dose of NEO1940 on Intradermal and Topical Capsaicin-evoked Pain Symptoms1

Single dose

effects on intradermal capsaicin injection-evoked pain response by assessment of pain intensity (continuous VAS rating) and to evaluate the effect on heat pain threshold in skin exposed to topical

Other pain parameters; safety and tolerability; CNS effects; PK profile, PK/PD effects

2008

 

A Randomised, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Investigate the Analgesic Efficacy of a Single Dose of NEO1940, in Patients Undergoing Impacted Mandibular Third Molar Extraction2

Single dose

To investigate the analgesic effect compared to placebo in dental surgery patients following impacted mandibular third molar extraction.

 

safety and tolerability; CNS effects; PK profile, PK/PD effects

2008

 

A Phase I, Multi-Centre, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Investigate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of NEO1940, Including an Interaction Study, After Administration of Oral Multiple Ascending Doses in Adult Subjects with Chronic Low Back Pain3

Multiple dose

safety and tolerability

 

CNS effects; PK profile, CYP450 induction

_________

(1) Kalliomäki J, et al. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2013 Mar;40(3):212-8.
(2) http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00659490?term=AZD1940&rank=2
(3) http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00689780?term=AZD1940&rank=1

  

NEO1940 demonstrated, in general, an acceptable safety and tolerability profile in the safety endpoints. The profile of the observed safety effects was generally typical of cannabinoids and the majority of the adverse events (the “AEs”) were of mild or moderate intensity. A maximum tolerated dose was defined by the frequency and severity of adverse events. A dose dependent increase in body weight was observed in the MAD study. In three out of the five phase I studies, analgesia in acute pain models was also measured as an end-point; no convincing analgesic efficacy has been seen in any of these studies.

 

NEOMED, without additional consideration and at NEOMED’s sole cost, has agreed to deliver to our company certain technology transfer materials and the quantity of the Compound substance specified in a research plan, both as set out under the License Agreement.

 

 
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We will evaluate the Compound and then decide whether to exercise the Option. Upon exercise of the Option, NEOMED will provide our company with an exclusive worldwide license under all of NEOMED’s intellectual property rights covering the Compound (“Licensed IP Rights”) to research, develop, make, have made, use, offer for sale, sell, have sold and import products containing the Compound and otherwise exploit the Licensed IP Rights in all fields.

 

On January 18, 2018, we entered into the Stony Brook Agreement for an early stage research program to develop, make, manufacture, have made, use, sell, have sold, import, export, and offer for sale Patent Product(s) (as defined in the Stony Brook Agreement) and Other Product(s) (as defined in the Stony Brook Agreement) worldwide in all fields, including human therapeutics. Our company expects to sponsor ongoing research with the research team at Stony Brook University to identify a lead molecule and commence an IND-enabling research program thereafter.

 

Research & Development

 

In view of the urgent need for new and more effective drugs, Artelo intends to combine innovative science and accelerated clinical development to create and develop novel therapies using cannabinoid-based medications and similar compounds which modulate the ECS. Our current research and development efforts have been limited to investigative work surrounding cannabinoids, including creating and developing novel formulations, and evaluating potential opportunities to license technologies from pharmaceutical companies and leading research institutions. As of August 31, 2018, we have entered into contractual commitments to invest funds on direct research and development related activities. Our principal research efforts to date have been with the University of Nottingham, UK and various CRO’s in the US and UK. We intend to conduct cancer related research with NEOMED according to the agreed-upon research plan, as described further in the NEOMED Agreement.

 

Government Regulation

 

Government authorities in the United States, at the federal, state and local levels, and in other countries and jurisdictions, including the European Union, extensively regulate, among other things, the research, development, testing, manufacture, quality control, approval, packaging, storage, recordkeeping, labeling, advertising, promotion, distribution, marketing, post-approval monitoring and reporting, and import and export of pharmaceutical products. The processes for obtaining marketing approvals in the United States and in foreign countries and jurisdictions, along with subsequent compliance with applicable statutes and regulations and other regulatory authorities, require the expenditure of substantial time and financial resources.

 

In the United States, the FDA approves and regulates drugs under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the “FDCA”) and the implementing regulations promulgated thereunder. The failure to comply with requirements under the FDCA and other applicable laws at any time during the product development process, approval process or after approval may subject an applicant and/or sponsor to a variety of administrative or judicial sanctions, including refusal by the FDA to approve pending applications, withdrawal of an approval, imposition of a clinical hold, issuance of warning letters and other types of letters, product recalls, product seizures, total or partial suspension of production or distribution, injunctions, fines, refusals of government contracts, restitution, disgorgement of profits, or civil or criminal investigations and penalties brought by the FDA and the Department of Justice or other governmental entities.

 

 
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An applicant seeking approval to market and distribute a new drug product in the United States must typically undertake the following:

 

·

completion of preclinical laboratory tests, animal studies and formulation studies in compliance with the FDA's Good Laboratory Practice regulations;

 

·

submission to the FDA of an Investigational New Drug (“IND”) application, which must take effect before human clinical trials may begin;

 

·

approval by an independent institutional review board, representing each clinical site before each clinical trial may be initiated;

 

·

performance of adequate and well-controlled human clinical trials in accordance with good clinical practices (“GCP”), to establish the safety and efficacy of the proposed drug product for each indication;

 

·

preparation and submission to the FDA of a New Drug Application (“NDA”), requesting marketing for one or more proposed indications;

 

·

review by an FDA advisory committee, where appropriate or if applicable;

 

·

satisfactory completion of one or more FDA inspections of the manufacturing facility or facilities at which the product, or components thereof, are produced to assess compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices, requirements and to assure that the facilities, methods and controls are adequate to preserve the product's identity, strength, quality and purity;

 

·

satisfactory completion of FDA audits of clinical trial sites to assure compliance with GCPs and the integrity of the clinical data;

 

·

payment of user fees and securing FDA approval of the NDA; and

 

·

compliance with any post-approval requirements, including the potential requirement to implement a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy and the potential requirement to conduct post-approval studies.

 

In addition to regulations in the United States, a manufacturer is subject to a variety of regulations in foreign jurisdictions to the extent they choose to sell any drug products in those foreign countries. Even if a manufacturer obtains FDA approval of a product, it must still obtain the requisite approvals from regulatory authorities in foreign countries prior to the commencement of clinical trials or marketing of the product in those countries. For other countries, outside of the European Union, the requirements governing the conduct of clinical trials, product licensing, pricing and reimbursement vary.

 

In the European Union, marketing authorizations for medicinal products may be obtained through different procedures founded on the same basic regulatory process. The centralized procedure provides for the grant of a single marketing authorization that is valid for all EU member states. The centralized procedure is compulsory for medicinal products produced by certain biotechnological processes, products designated as orphan medicinal products, and products with a new active substance indicated for the treatment of certain diseases. On the other hand, a decentralized procedure provides for approval by one or more other concerned EU member states of an assessment of an application for marketing authorization conducted by one EU member state, known as the reference EU member state. In accordance with the mutual recognition procedure, the sponsor applies for national marketing authorization in one EU member state. Upon receipt of this authorization the sponsor can then seek the recognition of this authorization by other EU member states.

 

Employees

 

We currently have two full-time employees, Mr. Gregory Gorgas, President and CEO, and Mr. Peter O’Brien, Senior Vice President - European Operations. We engage consultants who provide services on a part-time basis. These employees and consultants conduct or oversee all day-to-day operations of our company including technical development, research, and administration. We have no unionized employees. We currently have no retainers or minimum financial commitments with any of our consultants, contractors or service providers. We consider relations with our employees to be satisfactory.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

Our industry is characterized by frequent claims and litigation, including claims regarding patent and other intellectual property rights as well as product liability. As a result, in the future, we may be involved in various legal proceedings from time to time. We are not currently a party to any litigation, nor are we aware of any pending or threatened litigation that, if determined adversely against us, would have a material effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

 
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Our Scientific Advisory Board

 

We have a scientific advisory board (the “Advisory Board”) that includes industry experts in cannabinoids, drug discovery and medicine. The composition of the Advisory Board will change over time to meet the research and development demands of the Company drug candidate pipeline. The current Advisory Board consists of the below international experts in their fields:

 

·

Dr. Saoirse Elizabeth O’Sullivan received her doctorate from Trinity College Dublin in 2001 and moved to the University of Nottingham in 2002 as a research fellow where she began researching cannabinoid pharmacology. She was made Lecturer in 2007 and Associate Professor in 2011. She has over 26 original research articles, 6 reviews and 3 books chapters on the topic of cannabinoid pharmacology, with specific interests on the cardiovascular and gastrointestinal effects of cannabinoids and therapeutic potential of cannabis-based medicines. Her research methodologies span from cellular and animal models to human healthy volunteer studies and early phase clinical trials. In 2016 she was named the International Cannabinoid Research Society Young Investigator of the year.

 

·

Dr. Andy Yates has more than 15 years experience in the pharmaceutical industry including 10 years as an executive at AstraZeneca. He held key roles within the medical affairs, commercial, business development and strategy functions for AstraZeneca’s in-line and development portfolio. Dr Yates has been extensively involved in the life-cycle management of key multi-billion dollar products leading to the funding and initiation of significant development programmes. Whilst in business development he led evaluations and transactions that resulted in multiple collaborative agreements with academia, biotechnology and peer pharma. Dr. Yates is a UK registered pharmacist who received his PhD in Cannabinoid medicinal chemistry from the University of Nottingham.

 

·

Dr. Steven Laviolette is a Professor in the Schulich School of Medicine, at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. His research focuses on the neurobiological and molecular mechanisms underlying various neuropsychiatric disorders and how cannabinoids, such as THC and cannabidiol, can differentially control brain pathways. Dr. Laviolette has been the recipient of numerous national and international research awards and currently serves on several Review Panels for the Canadian Institutes for Health Research. He is a member of the Canadian Institute for Military and Veteran’s Health Research and is the former Chair of the Review Committee for the Ontario Mental Health Foundation.

 

Our scientific advisors are not our employees and may have commitments to, or consulting or advisory contracts with, other entities that may limit their availability to us. In addition, our scientific advisors may have arrangements with other companies to assist those companies in developing products or technologies that may compete with ours.

  

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

 

You are advised to read this Form 10-K in conjunction with other reports and documents that we file from time to time with the SEC. In particular, please read our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K that we file from time to time. You may obtain copies of these reports directly from us or from the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F. Street, N.E. Washington, D.C. 20549, and you may obtain information about obtaining access to the Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, the SEC maintains information for electronic filers at its website http://www.sec.gov.

 

 
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Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

As a “smaller reporting company”, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

As a “smaller reporting company”, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

Our principal executive office is currently located at 888 Prospect Street, Suite 210, La Jolla, CA, 92037. Additionally, we have an office located at 29 Fitzwilliam Street Upper, Dublin 2 Ireland which serves as administrative space for managing our European subsidiaries: Trinity Reliant Ventures, Ltd (Ireland) and Trinity Research & Development, Ltd. (UK). We do not currently own any properties, laboratories, or manufacturing. The Company is not contractually obligated in the leases, as of August 31, 2018, other than their month to month payments.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may become involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of our operations in the normal course of business. We are not involved in any pending legal proceedings or litigation and, to the best of our knowledge, no governmental authority is contemplating any proceeding to which we are a party and which would reasonably be likely to have a material adverse effect on our company. To date, our company has never been involved in litigation, as either a party or a witness, nor has our company been involved in any legal proceedings commenced by any regulatory agency against our company.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Our common stock was approved for quotation on the OTC Markets (the "OTCPINK") on July 20, 2015 under the symbol "KNKX". In connection with our change of name to Reactive Medical Inc., our symbol changed to "RMED" on February 10, 2017. Our symbol changed to "ARTL" on May 2, 2017 in connection with our change of name to Artelo Biosciences, Inc.

 

OTC Pink Sheet securities are not listed or traded on the floor of an organized national or regional stock exchange. Instead, OTC Pink Sheet securities transactions are conducted through a telephone and computer network connecting dealers in stocks. OTC Pink Sheet issuers are traditionally smaller companies that do not meet the financial and other listing requirements of a regional or national stock exchange.

 

All OTC Pink Sheets quotations reproduced herein reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

 

 
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The following table sets forth, for each quarter during the period commencing for the period ended November 30 2017 through August 31, 2018, the reported high and low bid prices of our common stock on the OTC. The first trade of our stock occurred on November 14, 2017.

 

Quarter Ended

 

High

 

 

Low

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 31, 2018

 

$ 1.35

 

 

$ 0.90

 

May 31, 2018

 

$ 1.50

 

 

$

0.89

 

February 28, 2018

 

$ 2.70

 

 

$ 1.00

 

November 30, 2017

 

$ 1.00

 

 

$ 0.10

 

 

Our shares are issued in registered form. Globex Transfer, LLC, at 780 Deltona Blvd., Suite 202, Deltona, FL 32725 (Telephone: (813) 344-4490; Facsimile: (386) 267-3124) is the registrar and transfer agent for our common shares.

 

On November 7, 2018, the stockholders’ list showed approximately 87 registered stockholders with 14,002,293 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

Description of Securities

 

The authorized capital stock of our company consists of 200,000,000 shares of common stock, at $0.001 par value, and 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, at $0.001 par value.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have not paid any cash dividends on our common stock and have no present intention of paying any dividends on the shares of our common stock. Our current policy is to retain earnings, if any, for use in our operations and in the development of our business. Our future dividend policy will be determined from time to time by our board of directors.

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

On August 17, 2018, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the Equity Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”). The 2018 Plan permits the Company to issue up to 3,000,000 shares of common stock upon exercise of options granted to selected employees, officers, directors, consultants and advisers. The options may be either “incentive stock options” (as such term is defined in the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) or nonstatutory stock options that are not intended to qualify as “incentive stock options”. Incentive stock options may be granted only to employees. The 2018 Plan is administered by the Board or, at the discretion of the Board, a Board committee. The administrator determines who will receive options and the terms of the options, including the exercise price, expiration date, vesting and the number of shares. The exercise price of each stock option may not be less than the fair market value of the Common Stock on the date of grant, although the exercise price of any incentive stock option granted to a 10% stockholder may not be less than 110% of the fair market value on the grant date. Options may be exercisable (“vest”) immediately or in increments based on time and/or performance criteria as determined by the administrator. The term of any option may not exceed 10 years (five years for any incentive stock option granted to a 10% stockholder), and unless otherwise determined by the administrator, each option must terminate no later than three months after the termination of the optionee’s employment (one year in the event of death or disability). Subject to a few minor exceptions, options may not be transferred other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution. The 2018 Plan will expire on August 17, 2028.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities; Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities

 

We did not sell any equity securities which were not registered under the Securities Act during the year ended August 31, 2018 that were not otherwise disclosed on our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q or our current reports on Form 8-K filed during the year ended August 31, 2018.

 

Purchase of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

 

We did not purchase any of our shares of common stock or other securities during our fourth quarter of our fiscal year ended August 31, 2018.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

As a “smaller reporting company”, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this annual report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to those discussed below and elsewhere in this annual report.

 

Our audited consolidated financial statements are stated in United States dollars and are prepared in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.

 

 
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Results of Operations

 

We have generated no revenues since inception and have an accumulated deficit of $2,638,580 and net loss of $2,343,491 through the twelve months ended August 31, 2018, which were comprised of professional fees of $585,069, general and administrative costs of $508,278, research and development costs of $1,249,854, and depreciation costs of $290.

 

The following table provides selected financial data about our company for the year ended August 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Working Capital (Deficit)

 

 

 

August 31,

2018

 

 

August 31,

2017

 

Current Assets

 

$ 396,435

 

 

$ 574,275

 

Current Liabilities

 

$ (531,972 )

 

$ (29,438 )

Working Capital (Deficit)

 

$ (135,537 )

 

$ 544,837

 

 

The following summary of our results of operations, should be read in conjunction with our financial statements, as included in this Form 10-K.

 

 

 

Year Ended

August 31,

2018

 

 

Year Ended

August 31,

2017

 

Total Comprehensive Loss

 

$ 2,356,428

 

 

$

234,232

 

Operating revenue

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

Net loss

 

$ (2,343,491 )

 

$ (234,889 )

Net loss per common share: Basic and Diluted

 

$ (0.23 )

 

$ (0.03 )

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding: Basic and diluted

 

 

12,482,174

 

 

 

8,732,406

 

Cash dividends declared per common share

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

Property and equipment, net

 

$ 563

 

 

$ -

 

Long-term debt

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

Stockholder's equity (deficit)

 

$ (134,974 )

 

$ 544,837

 

 

Revenue

 

We have generated no revenues since May 2, 2011 (inception).

 

Expenses

 

We have a net loss of $2,343,491 during the year ended August 31, 2018 and a net loss of $234,889 during the year ended August 31, 2017.

 

Operating expenses for the year ended August 31, 2018 increased to $2,343,491 from $234,889 for the year ended August 31, 2017. Operating expenses were comprised of professional fees of $585,069, general and administrative costs of $508,278, research and development costs of $1,193,572 depreciation costs of $290, compared to professional fees of $121,924, and general and administrative costs of $110,865 in 2017. Other Comprehensive loss was $12,937, and a gain of $657 for the years ended August 31, 2018, and 2017, respectively.

 

 
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Liquidity and Financial Condition

 

Currently we do not have sufficient funds to fund our business development over the next 12 months.

 

Cash Flows

 

 

 

Year Ended

August 31,

2018

 

 

Year Ended

August 31,

2017

 

Cash used in operating activities

 

$ (1,610,020 )

 

$ (216,821 )

Cash used in investing activities

 

$ (845 )

 

$ -

 

Cash provided by financing activities

 

$ 1,388,451

 

 

$ 785,349

 

Cash and cash equivalents on hand

 

$ 337,424

 

 

$ 572,775

 

 

Cash Flow from Operating Activities

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018, our company used $1,610,020 in cash from operating activities compared to the use of $216,821 of cash for operating activities during the period ended August 31, 2017. The increase in cash used for operating activities was primarily attributed to costs incurred to start up operations of our changed business plan to license, develop and commercialize novel cannabinoid therapeutic treatments corresponding to the increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

 

Cash Flow from Investing Activities

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018, $845 was utilized for the purchase of equipment. During the year ended August 31, 2017, there were no cash flows from investing activities.

 

Cash Flow from Financing Activities

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018, our company received $1,386,613 from the issuance of common shares, $19,894 from advances from related parties, and repaid $18,056 to related parties.

 

In the year ended August 31, 2017 our company received $772,681 from the issuance of common stock, $24,585 advance from related parties, repaid $11,317 to related parties, $29,400 in proceeds from the issuance of note payable, and $30,000 repayment of note payable.

 

We had no material commitments for capital expenditures as at August 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

We have a material commitment related to research and development contracts as at August 31, 2018 that is reasonably likely to materially decrease our current liquidity.

 

Limited Operating History; Need for Additional Capital

 

We have a limited operating history. Since inception, we have generated no revenues from operations. We cannot guarantee we will be successful in our business operations. Our business is subject to risks inherent in the establishment of a new business enterprise, including limited capital resources, possible delays in developing our website, and possible cost overruns due to the price and cost increases in supplies and services.

 

At present, we do not have enough cash on hand to cover operating costs for the next 12 months.

 

If we are unable to meet our needs for cash from either our operations, or possible alternative sources, then we may be unable to continue, develop, or expand our operations.

 

We have plans to undertake discovery research and development during the next twelve months. In addition, we intend to license programs that fit with our endocannabinoid modulation strategy. Our R&D expenditures for the next 12 months are highly contingent upon our success in acquiring license(s) to intellectual property or progress from our discovery research initiatives. Our R&D budget is expected to exceed $500,000 for the next 12 months. There are also no plans or expectations to acquire or sell any manufacturing plant, research facility or equipment in the next year of operations.

 

 
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Critical Accounting Policies

 

We prepare our financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”), which requires management to make certain estimates and apply judgments. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience, current trends and other factors that management believes to be important at the time the financial statements are prepared. On a regular basis, we review our accounting policies and how they are applied and disclosed in our financial statements.

 

While we believe that the historical experience, current trends and other factors considered support the preparation of our financial statements in conformity with GAAP, actual results could differ from our estimates and such differences could be material.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

As a “smaller reporting company”, we are not required to provide tabular disclosure obligations.

 

Going Concern

 

Our auditors have issued a going concern opinion. This means that there is substantial doubt that we can continue as an on-going business for the next twelve months unless we obtain additional capital to pay for our expenses. This is because we have generated no revenues and have limited operating history. There are no assurances that we will be able to obtain additional financing through either private placements, and/or bank financing or other loans necessary to support our working capital requirements. To the extent that funds generated from operations and any private placements, public offerings and/or bank financing are insufficient, we will have to raise additional working capital. No assurance can be given that additional financing will be available, or if available, will be on terms acceptable to us.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to stockholders.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

As a “smaller reporting company”, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

 
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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC.

INDEX TO AUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

19

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets at August 31, 2018 and 2017

 

20

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended August 31, 2018 and 2017

 

21

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the years ended August 31, 2018 and 2017

 

22

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended August 31, 2018 and 2017

 

23

 

 

Consolidated Notes to the Audited Financial Statements

 

24

 

 

 
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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of

Artelo Biosciences, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Artelo Biosciences, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) as of August 31, 2018 and 2017, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of August 31, 2018 and 2017, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Going Concern Matter

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 3 to the financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and has a net capital deficiency that raises substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 3. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ MaloneBailey, LLP      

www.malonebailey.com

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2015.

Houston, Texas

November 29, 2018

 

 
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ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

 

 

August 31,

 

 

August 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$ 337,424

 

 

$ 572,775

 

Prepaid expenses and deposits

 

 

36,884

 

 

 

1,500

 

Other receivable

 

 

22,127

 

 

 

-

 

Total Current Assets

 

 

396,435

 

 

 

574,275

 

Equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $282 and $nil, respectively

 

 

563

 

 

 

-

 

TOTAL ASSETS

 

 

396,998

 

 

 

574,275

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

$ 529,272

 

 

$ 28,576

 

Due to related party

 

 

2,700

 

 

 

862

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

531,972

 

 

 

29,438

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred Stock, par value $0.001, 50,000,000 shares authorized,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0 and 0 shares issued and outstanding as of August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Common Stock, par value $0.001, 150,000,000 shares authorized,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,002,293 and 11,327,302 shares issued and outstanding as of August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively

 

 

14,002

 

 

 

11,327

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

2,501,884

 

 

 

827,942

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(2,638,580 )

 

 

(295,089 )

Accumulated other comprehensive gain (loss)

 

 

(12,280 )

 

 

657

 

Total Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)

 

 

(134,974 )

 

 

544,837

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

 

$ 396,998

 

 

$ 574,275

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 
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ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

 

 

Year ended

 

 

 

August 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OPERATING EXPENSES

 

 

 

 

 

 

General and administrative

 

$

508,278

 

 

$ 110,865

 

Professional fees

 

 

585,069

 

 

 

121,924

 

Research and development

 

 

1,249,854

 

 

 

-

 

Depreciation

 

 

290

 

 

 

-

 

Total Operating Expenses

 

 

2,343,491

 

 

 

232,789

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from Operations

 

 

(2,343,491 )

 

 

(232,789 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OTHER OPERATING EXPENSE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

(2,100 )

Total other expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

(2,100 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NET LOSS

 

 

(2,343,491 )

 

$ (234,889 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

(12,937 )

 

 

657

 

Total Other Comprehensive Income Loss

 

 

(12,937 )

 

 

657

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

 

$ (2,356,428 )

 

$ (234,232 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted Loss per Common Share

 

$ (0.23 )

 

$ (0.03 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding

 

 

10,220,218

 

 

 

8,732,406

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 
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ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

Accumulated 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

paid-in

 

 

 Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock

 

 

capital

 

 

Comprehensive

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

(deficiency)

 

 

Income

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, August 31, 2016

 

 

7,640,000

 

 

$ 7,640

 

 

$ 38,760

 

 

$ -

 

 

$ (60,200 )

 

$ (13,800 )

Loan forgiven by previous stockholder

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

16,856

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

16,856

 

Common shares issued for cash

 

 

2,160,000

 

 

 

2,160

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

2,160

 

Common shares returned

 

 

(400,000 )

 

 

(400 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(400 )

Common shares subscribed and considered issued

 

 

1,927,302

 

 

 

1,927

 

 

 

768,994

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

770,921

 

Common shares issued for services

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

3,332

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,332

 

Net loss for the period

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(234,889 )

 

 

(234,889 )

Other comprehensive gain

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

657

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

657

 

Balance, August 31, 2017

 

 

11,327,302

 

 

$ 11,327

 

 

$ 827,942

 

 

$ 657

 

 

$ (295,089 )

 

$ 544,837

 

Loan forgiven by previous stockholder

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Common shares issued for cash

 

 

2,034,991

 

 

 

2,035

 

 

 

1,384,578

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,386,613

 

Stock option granted for services

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

107,169

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

107,169

 

Common shares issued for services - officers

 

 

520,000

 

 

 

520

 

 

 

56,315

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

56,835

 

Common shares issued for services

 

 

120,000

 

 

 

120

 

 

 

125,880

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

126,000

 

Net loss for the period

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(2,343,491 )

 

 

(2,343,491 )

Other comprehensive gain

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(12,937 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

(12,937 )

Balance, August 31, 2018

 

 

14,002,293

 

 

$ 14,002

 

 

$ 2,501,884

 

 

$ (12,280 )

 

$ (2,638,580 )

 

$ (134,974 )

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 
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ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

 

 

Year ended

 

 

 

August 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$ (2,343,491 )

 

$ (234,889 )

Amortization of debt discount

 

 

-

 

 

 

600

 

Stock based compensation

 

 

290,004

 

 

 

3,332

 

Depreciation

 

 

282

 

 

 

-

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

(35,384 )

 

 

(1,500 )

Other receivable

 

 

(22,127 )

 

 

-

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

 

500,696

 

 

 

15,636

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(1,610,020 )

 

 

(216,821 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of equipment

 

 

(845 )

 

 

-

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(845 )

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common shares

 

 

1,386,613

 

 

 

772,681

 

Advance from related party

 

 

19,894

 

 

 

24,585

 

Repayment to related party

 

 

(18,056 )

 

 

(11,317 )

Proceeds from issuance of note payable

 

 

-

 

 

 

29,400

 

Repayment of note payable

 

 

-

 

 

 

(30,000 )

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

1,388,451

 

 

 

785,349

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effects on changes in foreign exchange rate

 

 

(12,937 )

 

 

657

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(235,351 )

 

 

568,528

 

Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period

 

 

572,775

 

 

 

3,590

 

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period

 

$ 337,424

 

 

$ 572,118

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental Cash Flow

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$ -

 

 

$ 1,500

 

Cash paid for income taxes

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-cash financing and investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loan forgiven by previous stockholder

 

$ -

 

 

$ 16,856

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 
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ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC.

 

Consolidated Notes to the Financial Statements

For the years ended August 31, 2018 and 2017

 

NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC. (the "Company") is a Nevada corporation incorporated on May 2, 2011. It is based in San Diego County, California. The accounting and reporting policies of the Company conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and the Company's fiscal year end is August 31.

 

Effective on February 10, 2017, the Company changed its name from “KNIGHT KNOX DEVELOPMENT CORP.,” to “REACTIVE MEDICAL INC.” On April 14, 2017, the Company changed its name from “REACTIVE MEDICAL INC.” to “ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC”.

 

In May 2017, the Company registered wholly-owned subsidiaries in England and Wales, Trinity Reliant Ventures Limited, and Trinity Research & Development Limited. Operations in the subsidiary have been consolidated in the financial statements.

 

The Company intends to license, develop and commercialize novel cannabinoid therapeutic treatments. To date, the Company’s activities have been limited to its formation and the raising of equity capital.

 

NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The financial statements and related disclosures have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The Financial Statements have been prepared using the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) of the United States.

 

Basis of Consolidation

 

The financial statements have been prepared on a consolidated basis, with the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries, Trinity Reliant Ventures Limited, and Trinity Research & Development Limited.

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation is computed on the straight-line method. The depreciation and amortization methods are designed to amortize the cost of the assets over their estimated useful lives, in years, of the respective assets as follows:

 

Furniture and Fixtures

3 Years

 

Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Improvements of a major nature are capitalized. At the time of retirement or other disposition of property and equipment, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gains or losses are reflected in income.

 

The long-lived assets of the Company are reviewed for impairment in accordance with ASC No. 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment” (“ASC No. 360”), whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to the future undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. During the year ended August 31, 2018, no impairment losses have been identified.

 

 
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Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. The estimates and judgments will also affect the reported amounts for certain expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these good faith estimates and judgments.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in banks, money market funds, and certificates of term deposits with maturities of less than three months from inception, which are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which, in the opinion of management, are subject to an insignificant risk of loss in value. The Company had $337,424 and $572,775 in cash and cash equivalents as at August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Foreign Currency Transactions

 

Some of the Company’s planned operations are outside of the United States, which results in exposure to market risks from changes in foreign currency rates. The financial risk arise from the fluctuations in foreign exchange rates and the degrees of volatility in these rates. Currently the Company does not use derivative instruments to reduce its exposure to foreign currency risk. Nonmonetary assets and liabilities are translated at historical rates and monetary assets and liabilities are translated at exchange rates in effect at the end of the year. Revenues and expenses are translated at average rates for the year. Gains and losses from translation of foreign currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are included as other comprehensive income.

 

Financial Instruments

 

The Company follows ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, which defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between (1) market participant assumptions developed based on market data obtained from independent sources (observable inputs) and (2) an entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions developed based on the best information available in the circumstances (unobservable inputs). The fair value hierarchy consists of three broad levels, which gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:

 

Level 1

 

Level 1 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2

 

Level 2 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions (less active markets); or model-derived valuations in which significant inputs are observable or can be derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data.

 

Level 3

 

Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

 
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Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

The Company’s financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of its cash and cash equivalents. The Company places its cash and cash equivalents with financial institutions of high credit worthiness. At times, its cash and cash equivalents with a particular financial institution may exceed any applicable government insurance limits. The Company’s management plans to assess the financial strength and credit worthiness of any parties to which it extends funds, and as such, it believes that any associated credit risk exposures are limited.

 

Share-based Expenses

 

ASC 718 “Compensation – Stock Compensation” prescribes accounting and reporting standards for all share-based payment transactions in which employee services are acquired. Transactions include incurring liabilities, or issuing or offering to issue shares, options, and other equity instruments such as employee stock ownership plans and stock appreciation rights. Share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, are recognized as compensation expense in the financial statements based on their fair values. That expense is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award, known as the requisite service period (usually the vesting period).

 

The Company has recently adopted the guidance included under ASU 2018-07, stock-based compensation issued to non-employees and consultants. Equity-Based Payments to non-employees are measured at grant-date fair value of the equity instruments that the Company is obligated to issue when the service has been rendered and any other conditions necessary to earn the right to benefit from the instruments have been satisfied. Equity-classified nonemployee share based payment awards are measured at the grant date

 

There were $290,004 and $3,332 share-based expenses for the year ending August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Deferred Income Taxes and Valuation Allowance

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under ASC 740 “Income Taxes.” Under the asset and liability method of ASC 740, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period the enactment occurs. A valuation allowance is provided for certain deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize tax assets through future operations. No deferred tax assets or liabilities were recognized as at August 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Net Loss per Share of Common Stock

 

The Company has adopted ASC Topic 260, “Earnings per Share,” (“EPS”) which requires presentation of basic EPS on the face of the income statement for all entities with complex capital structures and requires a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic EPS computation. In the accompanying financial statements, basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period.

 

For the years ended August 31, 2018 and 2017, potentially dilutive instruments are as follows:

 

 

 

August 31,

2018

 

 

August 31,

2017

 

Warrants

 

 

3,962,293

 

 

 

1,927,302

 

Options

 

 

400,000

 

 

 

-

 

Total

 

 

4,362,293

 

 

 

1,927,302

 

 

 
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Related Parties

 

The Company follows ASC 850, Related Party Disclosures, for the identification of related parties and disclosure of related party transactions.

 

Prepaid Expenses and Deposits

 

Prepaid expenses and deposits consist of security deposits paid.

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

The Company follows ASC 450-20, “Loss Contingencies,” to report accounting for contingencies. Liabilities for loss contingencies arising from claims, assessments, litigation, fines and penalties and other sources are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the assessment can be reasonably estimated.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In July 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued a two-part Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-11, I. Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments With Down Round Features and II. Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests With a Scope Exception (“ASU 2017-11”).ASU 2017-11 amends guidance in FASB ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, FASB ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, and FASB ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. The amendments in Part I of ASU 2017-11 change the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. The amendments in Part II of ASU 2017-11 re-characterize the indefinite deferral of certain provisions of Topic 480 that now are presented as pending content in the Codification, to a scope exception. Those amendments do not have an accounting effect. ASU 2017-11 is effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted. We have early adopted this standard. Certain cash subscription agreements entered into by the Company contain embedded derivative features, which in accordance with the new guidance, do not give rise to an associated derivative liability.

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, or ASU 2018-07. Under this ASU, the accounting for awards issued to nonemployees will be similar to the accounting for employee awards. This includes allowing for the measurement of awards at the grant date and recognition of awards with performance conditions when those conditions are probable, both of which are earlier than under current guidance for nonemployee awards. The Company has adopted this standard as of August 31, 2018.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)”, which supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The core principle of this ASU is that revenue should be recognized for the amount of consideration expected to be received for promised goods or services transferred to customers. This ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments, and assets recognized for costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU 2014-09 was scheduled to be effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of Effective Date,” which deferred the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year and allowed entities to early adopt, but no earlier than the original effective date. ASU 2014-09 is now effective for public business entities for the annual reporting period beginning December 15, 2017. This update allows for either full retrospective or modified retrospective adoption. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing,” which amends guidance previously issued on these matters in ASU 2014-09. The effective date and transition requirements of ASU 2016-10 are the same as those for ASU 2014-09. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients,” which clarifies certain aspects of the guidance, including assessment of collectability, treatment of sales taxes and contract modifications, and providing certain technical corrections. The effective date and transition requirements of ASU 2016-12 are the same as those for ASU 2014-09. The Company adopted the new guidance, Accounting Standards Codification ASC - 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers as of August 31, 2018.

 

The Company has considered all recent accounting pronouncements issued and determined that the adoption of these pronouncements would not have a material effect on the financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company.

 

 
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NOTE 3 - GOING CONCERN

 

The Company’s financial statements are prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America applicable to a going concern which contemplates the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has not established any revenue to cover its operating cost, and requires additional capital to commence its operating plan. The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company obtaining adequate capital to fund operating losses until it becomes profitable. If the Company is unable to obtain adequate capital, it could be forced to cease operations. These factors raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern.

 

In order to continue as a going concern, the Company will need, among other things, additional capital resources. Management’s plan to obtain such resources for the Company include: sales of equity instruments; traditional financing, such as loans; and obtaining capital from management and significant stockholders sufficient to meet its minimal operating expenses. However, management cannot provide any assurance that the Company will be successful in accomplishing any of its plans.

 

There is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain sufficient additional funds when needed or that such funds, if available, will be obtainable on terms satisfactory to the Company. In addition, profitability will ultimately depend upon the level of revenues received from business operations. However, there is no assurance that the Company will attain profitability. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. During the year ended August 31, 2018, the Company has a net loss of $2,343,491. As at August 31, 2018, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $2,638,580 and has earned no revenues. The Company intends to fund operations through equity financing arrangements, which may be insufficient to fund its capital expenditures, working capital and other cash requirements for future periods.

 

NOTE 4 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

During the year ended August 31, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $12,406 from former President of the Company who at the time was the Company’s controlling shareholder; the amount borrowed was non-interest bearing and due on-demand loan (the “Shareholder Loan”). On November 18, 2016, the Shareholder Loan was forgiven for the total loan amount of $16,856.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018, the President of the Company incurred $1,340 of expenses on behalf of the Company. The amount owing to the related party as of August 31, 2018 and August 31, 2017 is $2,202 and $862, respectively. The amounts are non-interest bearing and have no terms of repayment.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018 the former President, and current Senior Vice President, European Operations, who is a major stockholder paid rent expense on behalf of the Company, and paid for expenses on behalf of the company for a total of $18,554. The amount of $18,056 was repaid during the year ended August 31, 2018. The amount owing to the related party as of August 31, 2018 and August 31, 2017 is $498 and $0, respectively. The amounts are non-interest bearing, and have no terms of repayment.

 

 
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On November 18, 2016, the former President of the Company transferred all of the 6,000,000 shares that he held to the Company’s current Senior Vice President, European Operations.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2017, the Company received $150,000 from two related parties from shares issuance under subscription agreement. The amounts have been recorded as stock common stock issued, and was settled with shares of the Company subsequent to year-end. The amounts of $150,000 with related parties is for the issuance of 375,000 common shares, purchase price of $0.40 and 375,000 warrants with an exercise price of $1.00 per share, and five years expiry date.

 

The Company has an employment contract with a key employee, Mr. Gregory Gorgas, who is an officer of the Company. As of August 31, 2018 no salary is owed. During the year ended August 31, 2018, $74,840 was paid as salary to Mr. Gorgas.

 

The amounts and terms of the above transactions may not necessarily be indicative of the amounts and terms that would have been incurred had comparable transactions been entered into with independent third parties.

 

On May 2, 2017, the Company appointed two additional Directors. Each Director was granted a restricted stock award (the “RSA”) for 120,000, and 100,000 shares, respectively, of the Company’s common stock, vesting annually over a four-year period, in each case subject to such director’s continued service to the Company.

 

On July 31, 2017, the Company appointed one additional Director. The Director was granted a restricted stock award (the “RSA”) for 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, vesting annually over a four-year period, in each case subject to the director’s continued service to the Company.

 

On September 20, 2017, the Company appointed two additional Directors. Each Director was granted a restricted stock award (the “RSA”) for 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, vesting annually over a four-year period, in each case subject to such director’s continued service to the Company.

  

On January 26, 2018, the Company received $65,000 from two related parties from shares issuance under subscription agreement. The amounts have been recorded as stock common stock issued, and was be settled with shares of the Company subsequent to quarter end. The amounts of $65,000 with related parties is for the issuance of 99,999 common shares, purchase price of $0.65 and 99,999 warrants with an exercise price of $1.50 per share, and five years expiry date. (See note 5).

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018, the company recorded $56,835 of stock compensation expense for all five members of the Company’s Board of Directors.

 

NOTE 5 - EQUITY

 

Authorized Stock

 

On January 19, 2017, a majority of stockholders of the Company and the board of directors approved a change of name of the Company from Knight Knox Development Corp. to Reactive Medical Inc. and an increase to the authorized capital from 75,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 to 150,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 and 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001.

 

Preferred shares

 

The Company has authorized 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.001.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018 and 2017, there were no issuance of preferred stock.

 

 
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Common Shares

 

The Company has authorized 150,000,000 common stock with a par value of $0.001 per share. Each common stock entitles the holder to one vote, in person or proxy, on any matter on which action of the stockholders of the corporation is sought.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2017, the Company received $770,921 that has been recorded as stock issued in relation to a subscription agreement on June 30, 2017, for the issuance of 1,927,302 common stock. The shares of common stock were not issued as of August 31, 2017, however, the individuals that contributed cash to the Company had shareholder rights on the shares associated with the subscription agreement, and therefore the common stock was considered to be issued as of August 31, 2017.

 

Per the terms of the subscription agreement, following the closing date until the earlier of (i) the date that the registration is declared effective by the SEC, or (ii) the date the shares become freely tradable, if the Company issues any common stock or common stock equivalent entitling the holder to acquire common stock at a price below $0.40, the Company will be required to issue the subscribers that number of additional unites equal to the difference between the units issued at closing, and the number units the Company would have issued to the subscriber had the offering been completed at this discounted price.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2017, the Company issued 1,760,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 for proceeds of $1,760. The Company cancelled 400,000 shares of common stock and refunded $400.

 

The Company has issued 520,000 Restricted Shares Award (the “RSAs”) to five of the Company’s Directors, vesting annually over a four-year period, in each case subject to the director’s continued service to the Company. Refer to Note 4 for further discussion related to the RSAs.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018, the Company issued as follows,

 

 

·

On January 2, 2018, the Company issued 120,000 shares of its common stock valued at $126,000 to NEOMED for services.

 

The Company received $10,000 that has been recorded as stock issued in relation to a subscription agreement on June 30, 2017, for the issuance of 25,000 shares of common stock.

 

·

During the year ended August 31, 2018, the Company received cash of $850,785 that has been recorded for the issuance of 1,308,893 shares of common stock at a price of $0.65 per Unit pursuant to a private placement offering conducted by the Company in relation to subscription agreements accepted on January 26, 2018 and March 15, 2018. Each Unit consists of: (i) one (1) share of common stock; and (ii) one (1) Series A Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase one (1) share of common stock at a price of $1.50 per share for a period of 5 years from the issue date.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018, the Company received cash of $525,828 that has been recorded for the issuance of 701,098 shares of common stock at a price of $0.75 per Unit pursuant to a private placement offering conducted by the Company in relation to subscription agreements accepted up to August 31, 2018. Each Unit consists of: (i) one (1) share of common stock; and (ii) one (1) Series C Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase one (1) share of common stock at a price of $1.75 per share for a period of 5 years from the issue date.

 

Per the terms of the subscription agreement, following the closing date until the earlier of (i) the date that the registration is declared effective by the SEC, or (ii) the date the shares become freely tradable, if the Company issues any common stock or common stock equivalent entitling the holder to acquire common stock at a price below $0.40, the Company will be required to issue the subscribers that number of additional unites equal to the difference between the units issued at closing, and the number units the Company would have issued to the subscriber had the offering been completed at this discounted price. In accordance with ASU 2017-11, these cash subscription agreements entered into by the Company contain embedded derivative features, which in accordance with the new guidance, do not give rise to an associated derivative liability.

 

 
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Warrants

 

In relation to the common stock related to subscription agreements mentioned above, each individual investor received warrants with the purchase of the stock. For each share purchased, the investor will receive one Series A or Series B Common Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock for a period of five years from the date of the share subscription with ranges of prices from $1.00 per share to $1.75 per share.

 

As of August 31, 2018, there are 3,962,293 Common Stock Purchase Warrants outstanding and exercisable, with a weighted average life remaining of 4.23 years, and weighted average exercise price of $1.30. The intrinsic value of the warrants as of August 31, 2018 is $585,691.

 

2018 Equity Incentive Plan

 

On August 17, 2018, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the Equity Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”). The 2018 Plan permits the Company to issue up to 3,000,000 shares of common stock upon exercise of options granted to selected employees, officers, directors, consultants and advisers. The options may be either “incentive stock options” (as such term is defined in the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) or nonstatutory stock options that are not intended to qualify as “incentive stock options”. Incentive stock options may be granted only to employees. The 2018 Plan is administered by the Board or, at the discretion of the Board, a Board committee. The administrator determines who will receive options and the terms of the options, including the exercise price, expiration date, vesting and the number of shares. The exercise price of each stock option may not be less than the fair market value of the Common Stock on the date of grant, although the exercise price of any incentive stock option granted to a 10% stockholder may not be less than 110% of the fair market value on the grant date. Options may be exercisable (“vest”) immediately or in increments based on time and/or performance criteria as determined by the administrator. The term of any option may not exceed 10 years (five years for any incentive stock option granted to a 10% stockholder), and unless otherwise determined by the administrator, each option must terminate no later than three months after the termination of the optionee’s employment (one year in the event of death or disability). Subject to a few minor exceptions, options may not be transferred other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution. The 2018 Plan will expire on August 17, 2028.

 

On August 17, 2018, the Company granted options to directors and consultants to purchase an aggregate of 400,000 shares of our common stock at a price of $1.35 per share with a various vesting schedule. The options expire August 17, 2028, unless such director and consultants ceases his or her service as a director or consultant prior the exercise or expiration of the option.

 

The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes model to value the stock options. The Company utilized the following assumptions:

 

 

· Expected term: 10 years

 

· Expected volatility: 170%

 

· Risk free interest rate: 2.87%

 

· Expected dividend yield: 0%

 

Name

Number of Shares

Exercise Price

Vesting Commencement Date

Expiration Date

Vesting Schedule

Saoirse O’Sullivan

100,000

$1.35

August 17, 2018

August 17, 2028

(1)

R. Martin Emanuele, Ph.D.

100,000

$1.35

August 17, 2018

August 17, 2028

(1)

Andy Yates, Ph.D.

100,000

$1.35

August 17, 2018

August 17, 2028

(1)

Steven D. Reich, M.D.

100,000

$1.35

April 1, 2018

August 17, 2028

(2)

Total option grants:

400,000

_________

(1) Twenty-five percent (25%) of the Shares subject to the Option shall vest on the Vesting Commencement Date, and one forty-eighth (1/48th) of the Shares subject to the Option shall vest each month thereafter on the same day of the month as the Vesting Commencement Date.
(2) The number of Shares that will vest upon the first day following the end of such Vesting Period (a “Vesting Date”) will equal (i) the lesser of (a) the number of hours that the Company’s Chief Executive Officer certifies Participant provided the Services during such Vesting Period or (b) 30, multiplied by (ii) a number of Shares equal to 350 divided by the exercise price per Share of the option. “Vesting Period” means each three-month period during the term of the consulting agreement, beginning on the Vesting Commencement Date.

 

 
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As of August 31, 2018, there were 2,600,000 shares available for future grant under the 2018 Plan. During the year ended August 31, 2018, $107,169 was expensed, and as of August 31, 2018, $429,519 remains unamortized. The intrinsic value of the 400,000 options as of August 31, 2018 is $0, and the weighted average value of the remaining life of the options is 9.97.

 

NOTE 6 - PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES

 

The Company has not made provision for income taxes for the year end August 31, 2018 and August 31, 2017, since the Company has the benefit of net operating losses in these periods.

 

Due to uncertainties surrounding the Company’s ability to generate future taxable income to realize deferred income tax assets arising as a result of net operating losses carried forward, the Company has not recorded any deferred income tax asset as at August 31, 2018. The Company has incurred a net operating loss of $2,288,376, the net operating losses carry forward will begin to expire in varying amounts from year 2034 subject to its eligibility as determined by respective tax regulating authorities. The Company’s net operating loss carry forwards may be subject to annual limitations, which could eliminate, reduce or defer the utilization of the losses because of an ownership change as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. The Company’s federal tax returns remain subject to examination by the IRS.

 

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”), was signed into law. The Tax Act includes numerous changes to tax laws impacting business, the most significant being a permanent reduction in the federal corporate income tax rate from 34% to 21%. The rate reduction took effect on January 1, 2018. As the Company’s 2018 fiscal year ended on August 31, 2018, the Company’s federal blended corporate tax rate for fiscal year 2018 is 25.3%, based on the applicable tax rates before and after the Tax Act and the number of days in the fiscal year to which the two different rates applied.

 

The provision for income taxes differs from the amounts which would be provided by applying the statutory federal income tax rate of 25.3% and 34% to the net loss before provision for income taxes for the following reasons:

 

 

 

August 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Income tax expense at statutory rate

 

$ (519,532 )

 

$ (79,639 )

Change in valuation allowance

 

 

519,532

 

 

 

79,639

 

Income tax expense per books

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

Net deferred tax assets consist of the following components as of:

 

 

 

August 31,

 

 

August 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

NOL Carryover

 

$ (578,959 )

 

$ (100,330 )

Valuation allowance

 

 

578,959

 

 

 

100,330

 

Net deferred tax asset

 

$ -

 

 

$ -

 

 

 
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NOTE 7 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTENGENCIES

 

The Company has certain financial commitments in relation to Research and Development contracts. As of August 31, 2018:

 

 

·

The Company is obligated to make a $100,000 payment for research and development on October 1, 2018.

 

·

The Company is obligated to make three payments of $77,760 each on September 1, 2018, December 1, 2018, and March 1, 2019 for research and development.

 

· The Company is obligated to make a two semi-annual payments totaling 154,000 GBP over during the next year.

 

· The Company is invoiced monthly and quarterly in relation to several Research and Development contracts.

 

· The Company may be obligated to make additional payments related to Research and Development contracts entered into, dependent on the progress and milestones achieved through the programs.

 

NOTE 8– SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

Management has evaluated subsequent events through the date these financial statements were issued. Based on our evaluation no events have occurred that require recognition or disclosure.

 

 
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Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

There were no disagreements related to accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure, internal controls or auditing scope or procedure during the two fiscal years and interim periods.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our senior management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the "Evaluation Date"). Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded as of the Evaluation Date that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective such that the information relating to us required to be disclosed in our Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") reports (i) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and (ii) is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Management's Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives. With the participation of our Chief Executive and Financial Officer, our management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of August 31, 2018 based on the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission ("COSO") 2013 Framework in Internal Control – Integrated Framework. Based upon such evaluation, our management concluded that we did not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of August 31, 2018 based on the COSO framework criteria, as more fully described below. This was due to deficiencies that existed in the design or operation of our internal controls over financial reporting that adversely affected our internal controls and that may be considered to be material weaknesses.

 

The matters involving internal controls and procedures that our management considered to be material weaknesses under the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board were: (1) inadequate segregation of duties consistent with control objectives; and (2) management dominated by a single individual without adequate compensating controls. The aforementioned material weaknesses were identified by our Chief Executive Officer in connection with the review of our financial statements as of August 31, 2018.

 

Management believes that the material weaknesses set forth above did not have an effect on our financial results. However, management believes that the lack of a functioning audit committee and the lack of a majority of outside directors on our board of directors resulted in ineffective oversight in the establishment and monitoring of required internal controls and procedures, which could result in a material misstatement in our financial statements in future periods.

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management's report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to an exemption for non-accelerated filers from the internal control audit requirements of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period ended August 31, 2018 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

None.

 

 
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PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

All directors of our company hold office until the next annual meeting of the security holders or until their successors have been elected and qualified. The officers of our company are appointed by our board of directors and hold office until their death, resignation or removal from office. Our directors and executive officers, their ages, positions held, and duration as such, are as follows:

 

Name

Position Held with the Company

Age

Date First Elected or Appointed

Gregory Gorgas

President Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer, Secretary and Director

55

April 3, 2017

Peter O'Brien

Senior Vice President, European Operations and Director

40

November 18, 2016

Connie Matsui (1) (3)

Director, Board Chair

64

May 2, 2017

Steven Kelly (2) (3)

Director

53

May 2, 2017

Douglas Blayney (1)

Director

68

July 31, 2017

R. Martin Emanuele (1)

Director

63

September 20, 2017

Georgia Erbez (2) (3)

Director

51

September 20, 2017

__________________

(1)

Member of our corporate governance and nominating committee

 

(2)

Member of our audit committee

 

(3)

Member of our compensation committee

 

Business Experience

 

The following is a brief account of the education and business experience during at least the past five years of each director, executive officer and key employee of our company, indicating the person’s principal occupation during that period, and the name and principal business of the organization in which such occupation and employment were carried out.

 

Gregory Gorgas – President, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer, Secretary and Director

 

Gregory Gorgas was appointed President, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and director of our company on April 3, 2017.

 

Prior to joining our company, Mr. Gorgas was Senior Vice President, Commercial, and Corporate Officer at Mast Therapeutics from July 2011 to January 2017 with commercial leadership accountability and business development responsibilities for the hematology, oncology and cardiovascular development programs. In addition, he performed a key role in helping Mast raise over $50M in new capital.

 

 
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From November 2009 to July 2011, Mr. Gorgas was Managing Director at Theragence, Inc., a privately-held company he co-founded, that applies proprietary computational intelligence to mine and analyze clinical data.

 

From November 2008 to July 2011, Mr. Gorgas also served as an independent consultant, providing commercial and business development consulting services to pharmaceutical, biotechnology and medical device companies.

 

From 1997 to October 2008, Mr. Gorgas held several positions with Biogen Idec Inc., most recently, from March 2006 to October 2008, as Senior Director, Global and U.S. Marketing with responsibility for the strategic vision and operational commercialization of the company’s worldwide cancer business. In this role, he hired and led the team in marketing, operations, project management, and business development in Europe and the US. Before such time, he had increasing responsibilities in marketing, sales, commercial operations, and project team and alliance management.

 

Mr. Gorgas currently serves as director at Theragence and on the advisory board at Klotho Therapeutics. He holds an MBA from the University of Phoenix and a BA in economics from California State University, Northridge.

 

We believe that Mr. Gorgas' professional background and experience in the biotechnology industry and assisting companies in financing efforts give him the qualifications and skills necessary to serve as an officer and director of our company.

 

Peter O'Brien – Senior Vice President, European Operations and Director

 

Mr. O'Brien was appointed a director on November 18, 2016 and as Senior Vice President, European Operations on April 3, 2017.

 

Peter O’Brien has been in the e-commerce recruitment industry since 2004, founding and leading successful firms, Driver & Labour Recruit and Hanrahan & O`Brien Consultants in 2005. After building both companies to profitability Mr. O’Brien sold his positions in 2006. In 2008 Mr. O’Brien worked for HSBC International in Jersey, Channel Islands, UK, in the Private Client space. In 2012 he founded Nursing Station, an e-commerce company focused on the recruitment and placement of Nurses in healthcare throughout Ireland and the UK. In July of 2016 Medacs Healthcare under the Impellam Group Plc acquired Nursing Station. Peter has since founded Medical Job board www.MedicalstaffIreland.com in 2015. Mr. O’Brien graduated from Griffith College, Cork 2004 with a Diploma in Marketing, Sales, PR and Advertising.

 

We believe that Mr. O'Brien's professional background and experience give him the qualifications and skills necessary to serve as a director and officer of our company.

 

Connie Matsui – Chair of the Board

 

Ms. Matsui was elected to our Board on May 2, 2017.

 

Connie Matsui brings to her role over 16 years of general management experience in the biotechnology industry. Ms. Matsui retired from Biogen Idec in January 2009 as Executive Vice President, Knowledge and Innovation Networks. She served as an Executive Committee member at both Biogen Idec and IDEC Pharmaceuticals, a predecessor of Biogen Idec. Among the major roles she held after joining IDEC in November 1992 were: Senior Vice President, overseeing investor relations, corporate communications, human resources, project management and strategic planning; Collaboration Chair for the late stage development and commercialization of rituximab (tradenames: Rituxan®, MabThera®) in partnership with Roche and Genentech; and Project Leader for Zevalin®, the first radioimmunotherapy approved by the FDA. Prior to entering the biotechnology industry, Ms. Matsui worked for Wells Fargo Bank in general management, marketing and human resources. Ms. Matsui currently serves as the Chair of the Board at Halozyme and has been active on a number of not-for-profit boards. She was National President/Board Chair of the Girl Scouts of the USA from 1999 to 2002. Ms. Matsui earned BA and MBA degrees from Stanford University.

 

We believe that Ms. Matsui's professional background experience gives her the qualifications and skills necessary to serve as a director and board chair of our company.

 

 
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Steven Kelly - Director

 

Mr. Kelly was elected to our Board on May 2, 2017.

 

Steven Kelly brings nearly thirty years of experience in Pharma/Biotech at all phases of the business across multiple therapeutic categories. Mr. Kelly is currently President and CEO of CARISMA Therapeutics. Since 2012, Mr. Kelly has been the principal of Kelly BioConsulting, LLC, and serves as an independent consultant providing strategic direction and guidance to a variety of life sciences companies. Most recently, Mr. Kelly was the founding CEO of Pinteon Therapeutics, an early stage Oncology and CNS development company. Prior to this he held a number of leadership positions in the biotechnology industry including: CEO, Theracrine; CCO, BioVex; CEO, Innovive Pharmaceuticals; as well as various commercial and manufacturing roles at Sanofi, IDEC Pharmaceuticals and Amgen. Mr. Kelly holds a BS from University of Oregon and an MBA from Cornell University.

 

We believe that Mr. Kelly's professional background experience gives him the qualifications and skills necessary to serve as a director of our company.

 

Dr. Douglas Blayney - Director

 

Dr. Blayney was elected to our Board on July 31, 2017.

 

Douglas W. Blayney, MD is a Professor of Medicine at Stanford and former Medical Director of Stanford Cancer Center. Dr. Blayney is a past president of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and a founder of the ASCO Quality Symposium. He was previously a Professor of Internal Medicine and Medical Director of the Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Michigan, and prior to that practiced and led Wilshire Oncology Medical Group, Inc. a physician owned multidisciplinary oncology practice in southern California. Dr. Blayney served on the Food and Drug Administration’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee and is Founding Editor-in-Chief and Editor-in-Chief Emeritus of ASCO’s Journal of Oncology Practice. He has over 70 scientific publications with expertise on clinical trial development, use of oncology drugs in clinical practice, and information technology use. Dr. Blayney earned a degree in electrical engineering from Stanford, is a graduate of the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, and received post graduate training at UCSD and at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland.

 

We believe that Dr. Blayney's professional background experience gives him the qualifications and skills necessary to serve as a director of our company.

 

Dr. R. Martin Emanuele - Director

 

Dr. Emanuele was elected to our Board on September 20, 2017.

 

R. Martin Emanuele, PhD, is currently President and CEO of LifeRaft Biosciences Inc., a private bio-pharmaceutical company. From May 2011 to October 2016, he served as Senior Vice President, Development at Mast Therapeutics Inc., a pharmaceutical company. From April 2010 to April 2011, Dr. Emanuele was Vice President, Pharmaceutical Strategy at DaVita, Inc., a FORTUNE 500® company and leading provider of kidney care in the United States. Prior to DaVita, from June 2008 to April 2010, Dr. Emanuele was a co-founder and President of SynthRx, Inc. a private bio-pharmaceutical company that was acquired by AdventRx Pharmaceuticals (now Savara, Inc.) in April 2011. From November 2006 to May 2008, Dr. Emanuele was Senior Vice President, Business Development at Kemia, Inc., a venture-backed privately-held company focused on discovering and developing small molecule therapeutics. From 2002 to 2006, Dr. Emanuele held various senior-level positions with Avanir Pharmaceuticals, Inc., most recently as Vice President, Business Development and Portfolio Management, and from 1988 to 2002, Dr. Emanuele held positions of increasing responsibility at CytRx Corporation, most recently as Vice President, Research and Development and Business Development. He earned a PhD in pharmacology and experimental therapeutics from Loyola University of Chicago, Stritch School of Medicine and a BS in biology from Colorado State University. He also holds an MBA with an emphasis in healthcare and pharmaceutical management from the University of Colorado.

 

We believe that Dr. Emanuele's professional background experience gives him the qualifications and skills necessary to serve as a director of our company.

 

 
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Georgia Erbez - Director

 

Ms. Erbez was elected to our Board on September 20, 2017.

 

Georgia Erbez is currently Chief Financial Officer of Harpoon Therapeutics, Inc. She served as Chief Business Officer and CFO of Zosano Pharma Corporation, a public pharmaceutical company, from September 2016 to May 2018. She served as Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President of Asterias Biotherapeutics, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, from November 2015 to March 2016. From September 2012 to November 2014 she served as Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer of Raptor Pharmaceuticals, a pharmaceutical company. Prior to Raptor, Ms. Erbez was a Managing Director, Healthcare Investment Banking at Collins Stewart from April 2011 to January 2012. From June 1998 to September 2012, Ms. Erbez was a founder and Managing Director of Beal Advisors, a financial advisory firm, and a senior investment banker at Jefferies & Company, Inc. and Cowen and Company. She has also held positions at the investment banks Hambrecht & Quist and Alex, Brown & Sons Inc. Ms. Erbez received a Bachelor of Arts degree, International Relations from the University of California at Davis.

 

We believe that Ms. Erbez's professional background experience gives her the qualifications and skills necessary to serve as a director of our company.

 

Employment Agreements

 

Other than as set out under Item 11 of this Annual Report, we have no formal employment agreements with any of our directors or officers.

 

Family Relationships

 

There are no family relationships between any of our directors, executive officers and proposed directors or executive officers.

 

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

To the best of our knowledge, none of our directors or executive officers has, during the past ten years:

 

 

1. been convicted in a criminal proceeding or been subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offences);

 

 

 

 

2. had any bankruptcy petition filed by or against the business or property of the person, or of any partnership, corporation or business association of which he was a general partner or executive officer, either at the time of the bankruptcy filing or within two years prior to that time;

 

 

 

 

3. been subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction or federal or state authority, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting, his involvement in any type of business, securities, futures, commodities, investment, banking, savings and loan, or insurance activities, or to be associated with persons engaged in any such activity;

 

 

 

 

4. been found by a court of competent jurisdiction in a civil action or by the SEC or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, and the judgment has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated;

 

 

 

 

5. been the subject of, or a party to, any federal or state judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated (not including any settlement of a civil proceeding among private litigants), relating to an alleged violation of any federal or state securities or commodities law or regulation, any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies including, but not limited to, a temporary or permanent injunction, order of disgorgement or restitution, civil money penalty or temporary or permanent cease-and-desist order, or removal or prohibition order, or any law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity; or

 

 

 

 

6. been the subject of, or a party to, any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization (as defined in Section 3(a)(26) of the Exchange Act (15 U.S.C. 78c(a)(26)), any registered entity (as defined in Section 1(a)(29) of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1(a)(29)), or any equivalent exchange, association, entity or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.

 

 
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Compliance with Section 16(A) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Our common stock is not registered pursuant to Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). Accordingly, our executive officers and directors and persons who own more than 10% of a registered class of our equity securities are not subject to the beneficial ownership reporting requirements of Section 16(1) of the Exchange Act.

 

Code of Ethics

 

Our Board adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics by unanimous resolution on December 15, 2017.

 

Board and Committee Meetings

 

During the fiscal year ended August 31, 2018, our Board has met four times, at which all directors attended. Our Board previously consisted of only one member, Peter O’Brien, and therefore no formal meetings were held during the year ended August 31, 2016. All proceedings prior to the end of our fiscal year ending August 31, 2017 were conducted by resolutions consented to in writing by all the directors and filed with the minutes of the proceedings of the directors. Such resolutions consented to in writing by the directors entitled to vote on such resolutions at a meeting of the directors are, according to the Nevada General Corporate Law and our Bylaws, as valid and effective as if they had been passed at a meeting of the directors duly called and held.

 

Nomination Process

 

During the fiscal year ended August 31, 2018, our corporate governance and nominating committee has met twice. The Board established a corporate governance and nominating committee which has a mandate to formalize a process and the policy that governs the manner in which we identify potential candidates for the Board. Historically, the Board has considered several factors in evaluating candidates for nomination to the Board, including the candidate’s knowledge of the company and its business, the candidate’s business experience and credentials, and whether the candidate would represent the interests of all the company’s stockholders as opposed to a specific group of stockholders. We are currently developing a formal policy with respect to our consideration of Board nominees recommended by our stockholders.

 

Audit Committee

 

Currently our audit committee consists of two members. The chairman, who is a financial expert, is qualified to act as the head of the audit committee.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2018, our audit committee has met three times. The audit committee recommends whether to retain or terminate the services of our independent accountants, reviews annual financial statements, considers matters relating to accounting policy and internal controls and reviews the scope of annual audits.

 

Compensation Committee

 

Currently our compensation committee consist of three members.

 

 

 
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Item 11. Executive Compensation

 

The particulars of the compensation paid to the following persons:

 

 

(a) our principal executive officer;

 

 

 

 

(b) each of our two most highly compensated executive officers who were serving as executive officers at the end of the years ended August 31, 2018 and 2017; and

 

 

 

 

(c) up to two additional individuals for whom disclosure would have been provided under (b) but for the fact that the individual was not serving as our executive officer at the end of the years ended August 31, 2018 and 2017, who we will collectively refer to as the named executive officers of our company, are set out in the following summary compensation table, except that no disclosure is provided for any named executive officer, other than our principal executive officers, whose total compensation did not exceed $100,000 for the respective fiscal year:

 

SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE

Name and Principal Position

Year

Salary ($)

Bonus ($)

Stock Awards ($)

Option Awards ($)

Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensa-tion ($)

Change in Pension

Value and Nonqualified Deferred Compensa-tion Earnings

($)
All

Other Compensa-tion

($)

Total ($)

Gregory Gorgas(1) President CEO, CFO, Secretary, Treasurer and Director

2018

2017

$74,840

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Peter O'Brien (2) Vice President, European Operations and Director

2018

2017

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

James Manley(3) Former President, Secretary, CEO, CFO, Treasurer and Director

2018

2017

N/A

Nil

N/A

Nil

N/A

Nil

N/A

Nil

N/A

Nil

N/A

Nil

N/A

Nil

N/A

Nil

 

Note:

__________ 

(1)

Mr. Gorgas was appointed our president, chief executive officer, chief financial officer, secretary, treasurer and director on April 3, 2017.

 

(2)

Mr. O'Brien was appointed president, chief executive officer, chief financial officer, secretary, treasurer and director on November 18, 2016. Mr. O'Brien resigned as chief executive officer, chief financial officer, secretary and treasurer on April 3, 2017 and was appointed Vice President, European Operations on that day.

   

(3)

Mr. Manley resigned all positions on November 18, 2016.

 

 
40
 
Table of Contents

 

Other than as set forth below, there are no arrangements or plans in which we provide pension, retirement or similar benefits for directors or executive officers. Our directors and executive officers may receive share options at the discretion of our board of directors in the future. We do not have any material bonus or profit sharing plans pursuant to which cash or non-cash compensation is or may be paid to our directors or executive officers, except that share options may be granted at the discretion of our board of directors.

 

On April 3, 2017, our company entered into an employment agreement with Gregory D. Gorgas (the “Employment Agreement”), pursuant to which Mr. Gorgas will serve as our company’s President and Chief Executive Officer. Pursuant to the terms of the Employment Agreement, beginning on the date (the “Funding Date”) on which our company’s attains funding, either in the form of debt or equity, either in one or more transactions, in excess of $5,000,000, Mr. Gorgas will receive an annual base salary of $250,000 (the “Base Salary”), payable periodic installments of no less than twice monthly and shall be reviewed by our company’s Board of Directors or our Compensation Committee (the “Compensation Committee”). Beginning in the fiscal year following the Funding Date, Mr. Gorgas will be eligible to receive an annual bonus, as approved by the Compensation Committee, based on achievement of our company’s performance goals; the initial target bonus has been set at 50% of Mr. Gorgas’ Base Salary, but may be higher or lower as determined by the Compensation Committee and is to be paid within two and half months after the end of the applicable fiscal year.

 

The Employment Agreement provides that Mr. Gorgas’ employment is at-will and, unless otherwise provided for, the Employment Agreement may be terminated by either Mr. Gorgas or our company by providing the other party at least 30 days’ notice. If the Employment Agreement is terminated for Cause or Without Good Reason, each as defined in the Employment Agreement, Mr. Gorgas would be eligible to receive: (i) accrued but unpaid Base Salary; (ii) accrued but unused vacation; (iii) reimbursement for any unreimbursed business expenses; and (iv) any employee benefit he may have been entitled to prior to termination of the Employment Agreement (collectively, the “Accrued Amounts”). If the Employment Agreement is terminated Without Cause or for Good Reason, Mr. Gorgas shall be eligible to receive the Accrued Amounts and, subject to his execution of a release of claims in favor of our company, he will also be eligible to receive additional compensation as set forth in Section 5.3 of the Employment Agreement.

 

Grants of Plan-Based Awards

 

During the fiscal year ended August 31, 2018 we granted 400,000 stock options.

 

Option Exercises and Stock Vested

 

During our fiscal year ended August 31, 2018 there were no options exercised by our named officers.

 

Compensation of Directors

 

Other than as set out below, we do not have any agreements for compensating our directors for their services in their capacity as directors, although such directors are expected in the future to receive stock options to purchase shares of our common stock as awarded by our board of directors.

 

Each of R. Martin Emanuele, Georgia Erbez, Douglas Blayney and Steven Kelly was granted a restricted stock award (the “RSA”) for 100,000 shares of our company’s common stock, vesting annually over a four year period, in each case subject to such director’s continued service to our company. The RSA is subject to the terms and conditions of the RSA agreement.

 

Connie Matsui was granted an RSA for 120,000 shares of our company’s common stock, vesting annually over a four year period, in each case subject to such director’s continued service to our company. The RSA is subject to the terms and conditions of the RSA agreement.

 

We intend to compensate our Board members at a rate of $15,000-$20,000 per year beginning in their second year of service and at a rate of $20,000-$30,000 each year thereafter, subject to Board approval. We have agreed to reimburse Board members for any reasonable expenses incurred by them in connection with any travel requested by and on behalf of our company.

 

 
41
 
Table of Contents

 

Pension, Retirement or Similar Benefit Plans

 

There are no arrangements or plans in which we provide pension, retirement or similar benefits for directors or executive officers. We have no material bonus or profit sharing plans pursuant to which cash or non-cash compensation is or may be paid to our directors or executive officers, except that stock options may be granted at the discretion of the board of directors or a committee thereof.

 

Indebtedness of Directors, Senior Officers, Executive Officers and Other Management

 

None of our directors or executive officers or any associate or affiliate of our company during the last two fiscal years, is or has been indebted to our company by way of guarantee, support agreement, letter of credit or other similar agreement or understanding currently outstanding.

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The following table sets forth, as of November 7, 2018, certain information with respect to the beneficial ownership of our common and preferred shares by each stockholder known by us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of our common and preferred shares, as well as by each of our current directors and executive officers as a group. Each person has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares of common and preferred stock, except as otherwise indicated. Beneficial ownership consists of a direct interest in the shares of common and preferred stock, except as otherwise indicated.

 

 
42
 
Table of Contents

 

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner

 

Amount and Nature of

Beneficial Ownership

 

 

Percentage of

Class (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Directors and Named Executive Officers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory Gorgas (2)

888 Prospect Street, Suite 210

La Jolla CA 92037

 

2,056,152 Common / Direct

 

 

 

14.7 %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peter O’Brien

888 Prospect Street, Suite 210

La Jolla CA 92037

 

2,700,000 Common / Direct

 

 

 

19.3 %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connie Matsui

888 Prospect Street, Suite 210

La Jolla CA 92037

 

120,000 Common / Direct

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Steven Kelly

888 Prospect Street. Suite 210

La Jolla CA 92037

 

100,000 Common / Direct

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Douglas Blayney

888 Prospect Street, Suite 210

La Jolla CA 92037

 

100,000 Common / Direct

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R. Martin Emanuele (3)

888 Prospect Street, Suite 210

La Jolla CA 92037

 

200,000 Common / Direct

 

 

 

1.4 %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Georgia Erbez

888 Prospect Street, Suite 210

La Jolla CA 92037

 

100,000 Common / Direct

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Manley(4)

888 Prospect Street, Suite 210

La Jolla CA 92037

 

 

0

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Current Directors and Executive Officers as a Group

 

5,376,152 Common

 

 

 

38.4 %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5% Stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

David Moss (5)

1618 Caminito Solidago

La Jolla CA 92037

 

3,353,846 Common / Direct

 

 

 

22.8 %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prodigious Wealth Limited (6)

749 Nathan Road Flat B, 7F

European Asian Bank Building, Hong Kong

 

1,000,000 Common / Direct

 

 

 

6.8 %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alinga Capital Fund L.P. (7)

7460 Girard Ave, Suite 3

La Jolla CA 92037

 

1,135,000 Common / Direct

 

 

 

7.8 %

______________ 

*

Less than 1%

(1)

Under Rule 13d-3, a beneficial owner of a security includes any person who, directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship, or otherwise has or shares: (i) voting power, which includes the power to vote, or to direct the voting of shares; and (ii) investment power, which includes the power to dispose or direct the disposition of shares. Certain shares may be deemed to be beneficially owned by more than one person (if, for example, persons share the power to vote or the power to dispose of the shares). In addition, shares are deemed to be beneficially owned by a person if the person has the right to acquire the shares (for example, upon exercise of an option) within 60 days of the date as of which the information is provided. In computing the percentage ownership of any person, the amount of shares outstanding is deemed to include the amount of shares beneficially owned by such person (and only such person) by reason of these acquisition rights. As a result, the percentage of outstanding shares of any person as shown in this table does not necessarily reflect the person’s actual ownership or voting power with respect to the number of shares of common stock actually outstanding on November 7, 2018. As of November 7, 2018, there are 14,002,093 shares of our common stock issued and outstanding.

(2)

Consists of 1,908,076 shares held and warrants to purchase 148,076 shares of common stock that is exercisable within 60 days of November 7, 2018.

(3)

Consists of 100,000 shares held and an option to purchase 100,000 shares of common stock that is exercisable within 60 days of November 7, 2018.

(4)

James Manley is our former President, Secretary, CEO, CFO, Treasurer and Director.

(5)

Consists of 3,026,923 shares held and warrants to purchase 326,923 shares of common stock that is exercisable within 60 days of November 7, 2018.

(6)

Consists of 500,000 shares held and warrants to purchase 500,000 shares of common stock that is exercisable within 60 days of November 7, 2018.

(7)

Consists of 717,500 shares held and warrants to purchase 417,500 shares of common stock that is exercisable within 60 days of November 7, 2018 including those shares and warrants held by Paul Quilkey, a principal of Alinga Capital Fund, L.P.

 

 
43
 
Table of Contents

 

Changes in Control

 

We are unaware of any contract or other arrangement or provisions of our Articles or Bylaws the operation of which may at a subsequent date result in a change of control of our company. There are not any provisions in our Articles or Bylaws, the operation of which would delay, defer, or prevent a change in control of our company.

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

Except as disclosed herein, no director, executive officer, stockholder holding at least 5% of shares of our common stock, or any family member thereof, had any material interest, direct or indirect, in any transaction, or proposed transaction since the year ended August 31, 2018, in which the amount involved in the transaction exceeded or exceeds the lesser of $120,000 or one percent of the average of our total assets at the year-end for the last three completed fiscal years.

 

Director Independence

 

We are not currently listed on a national securities exchange or in an inter-dealer quotation system that has requirements that a majority of the Board be independent. However, our Board has undertaken a review of the independence of the directors and considered whether any director has a material relationship with us that could compromise his ability to exercise independent judgment in carrying out his or her responsibilities. As a result of this review, our Board has determined that Ms. Matsui, Dr. Blayney, Mr. Kelly, Dr. Emanuele and Ms. Erbez, representing five of our seven directors, are "independent directors" as defined under the rules of the NASDAQ Global Market. Mr. Gorgas and Mr. O’Brien are not considered independent due to their service as executive officers of the Company.

 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services

 

The aggregate fees billed for the most recently completed fiscal year ended August 31, 2018 and for fiscal year ended August 31, 2017 for professional services rendered by the principal accountant for the audit of our annual financial statements and review of the financial statements included in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and services that are normally provided by the accountant in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements for these fiscal periods were as follows:

 

 

Year Ended

 

August 31, 2018

August 31, 2017

Audit Fees

$51,235

$11,700

Audit Related Fees

Nil

Nil

Tax Fees

Nil

Nil

All Other Fees

Nil

Nil

Total

$51,235

$11,700

 

Our board of directors pre-approves all services provided by our independent auditors. All of the above services and fees were reviewed and approved by the board of directors either before or after the respective services were rendered.

 

Our board of directors has considered the nature and amount of fees billed by our independent auditors and believes that the provision of services for activities unrelated to the audit is compatible with maintaining our independent auditors’ independence.

 

 
44
 
Table of Contents

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

 

(a) Financial Statements

 

 

(1) Financial statements for our company are listed in the index under Item 8 of this document.

 

 

 

 

(2) All financial statement schedules are omitted because they are not applicable, not material or the required information is shown in the financial statements or notes thereto.

 

 

(b) Exhibits

 

Exhibit Number

Description

(31)

Rule 13a-14 (d)/15d-14d) Certifications

31.1*

Section 302 Certification by the Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer

(32)

Section 1350 Certifications

32.1**

Section 906 Certification by the Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer

101**

Interactive Data File

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

_________

* Filed herewith.

**

Furnished herewith.

 

 

 

XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) information is furnished and not filed or a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, is deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.

 

 
45
 
Table of Contents

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereto duly authorized.

 

 

ARTELO BIOSCIENCES, INC.

 

 

(Registrant)

 

Dated: November 29, 2018

/s/ Gregory Gorgas

 

 

Gregory Gorgas

 

 

President Chief Executive Officer,

Chief Financial Officer, Secretary,

Treasurer and Director

 

 

(Principal Executive Officer,

Principal Financial Officer and

Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Dated: November 29, 2018

/s/ Gregory Gorgas

 

 

Gregory Gorgas

 

 

President Chief Executive Officer,

Chief Financial Officer, Secretary,

Treasurer and Director

 

 

(Principal Executive Officer,

Principal Financial Officer and

Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

Dated: November 29, 2018

 

 

 

Peter O'Brien

 

 

Senior Vice President –

European Operations and Director

 

 

 

 

 

Dated: November 29, 2018

/s/ Connie Matsui

 

 

Connie Matsui

 

 

Director

 

 

 

Dated: November 29, 2018

/s/ Steven Kelly

 

 

Steven Kelly

 

 

Director

 

 

 

Dated: November 29, 2018

/s/ Douglas Blayney

 

 

Douglas Blayney

 

 

Director

 

 

 

Dated: November 29, 2018

 

 

 

Georgia Erbez

 

 

Director

 

 

 

Dated: November 29, 2018

 

 

R. Martin Emanuele

 

 

Director

 

 

 

46

 

EX-31.1 2 artl_ex311.htm EX-31.1 artl_ex311.htm

EXHIBIT 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. ss 1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Gregory Gorgas, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this annual report on Form 10-K of Artelo Biosciences, Inc.;

 

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

 

4. The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

 

(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

 

 

 

(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

 

 

 

(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

 

 

 

(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

 

(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

 

 

 

(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: November 29, 2018

 

/s/ Gregory Gorgas

 

 

Gregory Gorgas

 

 

President Chief Executive Officer,

Chief Financial Officer, Secretary,

Treasurer and Director

 

 

(Principal Executive Officer,

Principal Financial Officer and

Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

EX-32.1 3 artl_ex321.htm EX-32.1 artl_ex321.htm

EXHIBIT 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Gregory Gorgas, hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

(1) the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Artelo Biosciences, Inc. for the period ended August 31, 2018 (the "Report") fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

 

(2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of Artelo Biosciences, Inc.

 

Dated: November 29, 2018

/s/ Gregory Gorgas  

 

Gregory Gorgas

 

President Chief Executive Officer,

Chief Financial Officer, Secretary,

Treasurer and Director

 

(Principal Executive Officer,

Principal Financial Officer and

Principal Accounting Officer)

 

Artelo Biosciences, Inc.

 

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to Artelo Biosciences, Inc. and will be retained by Artelo Biosciences, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

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Depreciation is computed on the straight-line method. 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Improvements of a major nature are capitalized. 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The recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to the future undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. During the year ended August 31, 2018, no impairment losses have been identified.</p> <div align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;&#160;</div> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Use of Estimates</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. The estimates and judgments will also affect the reported amounts for certain expenses during the reporting period. 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The Company had $337,424 and $572,775 in cash and cash equivalents as at August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Foreign Currency Transactions</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Some of the Company&#8217;s planned operations are outside of the United States, which results in exposure to market risks from changes in foreign currency rates. The financial risk arise from the fluctuations in foreign exchange rates and the degrees of volatility in these rates. Currently the Company does not use derivative instruments to reduce its exposure to foreign currency risk. Nonmonetary assets and liabilities are translated at historical rates and monetary assets and liabilities are translated at exchange rates in effect at the end of the year. Revenues and expenses are translated at average rates for the year. Gains and losses from translation of foreign currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are included as other comprehensive income.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Financial Instruments</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company follows ASC 820, &#8220;Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures&#8221;, which defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between (1) market participant assumptions developed based on market data obtained from independent sources (observable inputs) and (2) an entity&#8217;s own assumptions about market participant assumptions developed based on the best information available in the circumstances (unobservable inputs). The fair value hierarchy consists of three broad levels, which gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><u>Level 1</u></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Level 1 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><u>Level 2</u></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Level 2 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions (less active markets); or model-derived valuations in which significant inputs are observable or can be derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><u>Level 3</u></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.</p> <div align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;&#160;</div> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Concentrations of Credit Risk</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company&#8217;s financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of its cash and cash equivalents. The Company places its cash and cash equivalents with financial institutions of high credit worthiness. At times, its cash and cash equivalents with a particular financial institution may exceed any applicable government insurance limits. The Company&#8217;s management plans to assess the financial strength and credit worthiness of any parties to which it extends funds, and as such, it believes that any associated credit risk exposures are limited.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Share-based Expenses</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">ASC 718 &#8220;Compensation &#8211; Stock Compensation&#8221; prescribes accounting and reporting standards for all share-based payment transactions in which employee services are acquired. Transactions include incurring liabilities, or issuing or offering to issue shares, options, and other equity instruments such as employee stock ownership plans and stock appreciation rights. Share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, are recognized as compensation expense in the financial statements based on their fair values. That expense is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award, known as the requisite service period (usually the vesting period).</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company has recently adopted the guidance included under ASU 2018-07, stock-based compensation issued to non-employees and consultants. Equity-Based Payments to non-employees are measured at grant-date fair value of the equity instruments that the Company is obligated to issue when the service has been rendered and any other conditions necessary to earn the right to benefit from the instruments have been satisfied. Equity-classified nonemployee share based payment awards are measured at the grant date</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">There were $290,004 and $3,332 share-based expenses for the year ending August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Deferred Income Taxes and Valuation Allowance</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company accounts for income taxes under ASC 740 &#8220;Income Taxes.&#8221; Under the asset and liability method of ASC 740, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period the enactment occurs. A valuation allowance is provided for certain deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize tax assets through future operations. No deferred tax assets or liabilities were recognized as at August 31, 2018 and 2017.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Net Loss per Share of Common Stock</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px 0px 0px 0in; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company has adopted ASC Topic 260,&#160;<i>&#8220;Earnings per Share,&#8221;</i>&#160;(&#8220;EPS&#8221;) which requires presentation of basic EPS on the face of the income statement for all entities with complex capital structures and requires a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic EPS computation. In the accompanying financial statements, basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; 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widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;&#160;</div> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Related Parties</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; 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text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Prepaid Expenses and Deposits</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Prepaid expenses and deposits consist of security deposits paid.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Commitments and Contingencies</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company follows ASC 450-20<i>, &#8220;Loss Contingencies</i>,&#8221; to report accounting for contingencies. Liabilities for loss contingencies arising from claims, assessments, litigation, fines and penalties and other sources are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the assessment can be reasonably estimated.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Recent Accounting Pronouncements</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">In July 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (&#8220;FASB&#8221;) issued a two-part Accounting Standards Update (&#8220;ASU&#8221;) No. 2017-11, I. Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments With Down Round Features and II. Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests With a Scope Exception (&#8220;ASU 2017-11&#8221;).ASU 2017-11 amends guidance in FASB ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, FASB ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, and FASB ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. The amendments in Part I of ASU 2017-11 change the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. The amendments in Part II of ASU 2017-11 re-characterize the indefinite deferral of certain provisions of Topic 480 that now are presented as pending content in the Codification, to a scope exception. Those amendments do not have an accounting effect. ASU 2017-11 is effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted. We have early adopted this standard. Certain cash subscription agreements entered into by the Company contain embedded derivative features, which in accordance with the new guidance, do not give rise to an associated derivative liability.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07<i>, Compensation&#8212;Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting</i>, or ASU 2018-07. Under this ASU, the accounting for awards issued to nonemployees will be similar to the accounting for employee awards. This includes allowing for the measurement of awards at the grant date and recognition of awards with performance conditions when those conditions are probable, both of which are earlier than under current guidance for nonemployee awards. The Company has adopted this standard as of August 31, 2018.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, &#8220;Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)&#8221;, which supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The core principle of this ASU is that revenue should be recognized for the amount of consideration expected to be received for promised goods or services transferred to customers. This ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments, and assets recognized for costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU 2014-09 was scheduled to be effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, &#8220;Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of Effective Date,&#8221; which deferred the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year and allowed entities to early adopt, but no earlier than the original effective date. ASU 2014-09 is now effective for public business entities for the annual reporting period beginning December 15, 2017. This update allows for either full retrospective or modified retrospective adoption. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, &#8220;Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing,&#8221; which amends guidance previously issued on these matters in ASU 2014-09. The effective date and transition requirements of ASU 2016-10 are the same as those for ASU 2014-09. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, &#8220;Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients,&#8221; which clarifies certain aspects of the guidance, including assessment of collectability, treatment of sales taxes and contract modifications, and providing certain technical corrections. The effective date and transition requirements of ASU 2016-12 are the same as those for ASU 2014-09. The Company adopted the new guidance,&#160;<i>Accounting Standards Codification ASC - 606</i>,&#160;<i>Revenue from Contracts with Customers</i>&#160;as of August 31, 2018.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <div align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company has considered all recent accounting pronouncements issued and determined that the adoption of these pronouncements would not have a material effect on the financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company.</div> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b>NOTE 3 - GOING CONCERN</b></p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company&#8217;s financial statements are prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America applicable to a going concern which contemplates the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has not established any revenue to cover its operating cost, and requires additional capital to commence its operating plan. The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company obtaining adequate capital to fund operating losses until it becomes profitable. If the Company is unable to obtain adequate capital, it could be forced to cease operations. These factors raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern.</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">In order to continue as a going concern, the Company will need, among other things, additional capital resources. Management&#8217;s plan to obtain such resources for the Company include: sales of equity instruments; traditional financing, such as loans; and obtaining capital from management and significant stockholders sufficient to meet its minimal operating expenses. However, management cannot provide any assurance that the Company will be successful in accomplishing any of its plans.</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">There is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain sufficient additional funds when needed or that such funds, if available, will be obtainable on terms satisfactory to the Company. In addition, profitability will ultimately depend upon the level of revenues received from business operations. However, there is no assurance that the Company will attain profitability. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. During the year ended August 31, 2018, the Company has a net loss of $2,343,491. As at August 31, 2018, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $2,638,580 and has earned no revenues. The Company intends to fund operations through equity financing arrangements, which may be insufficient to fund its capital expenditures, working capital and other cash requirements for future periods.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b>NOTE 4 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS</b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">During the year ended August 31, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $12,406 from former President of the Company who at the time was the Company&#8217;s controlling shareholder; the amount borrowed was non-interest bearing and due on-demand loan (the &#8220;Shareholder Loan&#8221;). On November 18, 2016, the Shareholder Loan was forgiven for the total loan amount of $16,856.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">During the year ended August 31, 2018, the President of the Company incurred $1,340 of expenses on behalf of the Company. The amount owing to the related party as of August 31, 2018 and August 31, 2017 is $2,202 and $862, respectively. The amounts are non-interest bearing and have no terms of repayment.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">During the year ended August 31, 2018 the former President, and current Senior Vice President, European Operations, who is a major stockholder paid rent expense on behalf of the Company, and paid for expenses on behalf of the company for a total of $18,554. The amount of $18,056 was repaid during the year ended August 31, 2018. The amount owing to the related party as of August 31, 2018 and August 31, 2017 is $498 and $0, respectively. The amounts are non-interest bearing, and have no terms of repayment.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">On November 18, 2016, the former President of the Company transferred all of the 6,000,000 shares that he held to the Company&#8217;s current Senior Vice President, European Operations.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">During the year ended August 31, 2017, the Company received $150,000 from two related parties from shares issuance under subscription agreement. The amounts have been recorded as stock common stock issued, and was settled with shares of the Company subsequent to year-end. The amounts of $150,000 with related parties is for the issuance of 375,000 common shares, purchase price of $0.40 and 375,000 warrants with an exercise price of $1.00 per share, and five years expiry date.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company has an employment contract with a key employee, Mr. Gregory Gorgas, who is an officer of the Company. As of August 31, 2018 no salary is owed. During the year ended August 31, 2018, $74,840 was paid as salary to Mr. Gorgas.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The amounts and terms of the above transactions may not necessarily be indicative of the amounts and terms that would have been incurred had comparable transactions been entered into with independent third parties.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">On May 2, 2017, the Company appointed two additional Directors. Each Director was granted a restricted stock award (the &#8220;RSA&#8221;) for 120,000, and 100,000 shares, respectively, of the Company&#8217;s common stock, vesting annually over a four-year period, in each case subject to such director&#8217;s continued service to the Company.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">On July 31, 2017, the Company appointed one additional Director. The Director was granted a restricted stock award (the &#8220;RSA&#8221;) for 100,000 shares of the Company&#8217;s common stock, vesting annually over a four-year period, in each case subject to the director&#8217;s continued service to the Company.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">On September 20, 2017, the Company appointed two additional Directors. Each Director was granted a restricted stock award (the &#8220;RSA&#8221;) for 100,000 shares of the Company&#8217;s common stock, vesting annually over a four-year period, in each case subject to such director&#8217;s continued service to the Company.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">On January 26, 2018, the Company received $65,000 from two related parties from shares issuance under subscription agreement. The amounts have been recorded as stock common stock issued, and was be settled with shares of the Company subsequent to quarter end. The amounts of $65,000 with related parties is for the issuance of 99,999 common shares, purchase price of $0.65 and 99,999 warrants with an exercise price of $1.50 per share, and five years expiry date. (See note 5).</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">During the year ended August 31, 2018, the company recorded $56,835 of stock compensation expense for all five members of the Company&#8217;s Board of Directors.</p> <div align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b>NOTE 5 - EQUITY</b></div> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Authorized Stock</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">On January 19, 2017, a majority of stockholders of the Company and the board of directors approved a change of name of the Company from Knight Knox Development Corp. to Reactive Medical Inc. and an increase to the authorized capital from 75,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 to 150,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 and 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Preferred shares</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company has authorized 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.001.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">During the year ended August 31, 2018 and 2017, there were no issuance of preferred stock.</p> <div align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;&#160;</div> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Common Shares</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company has authorized 150,000,000 common stock with a par value of $0.001 per share. 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The shares of common stock were not issued as of August 31, 2017, however, the individuals that contributed cash to the Company had shareholder rights on the shares associated with the subscription agreement, and therefore the common stock was considered to be issued as of August 31, 2017.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Per the terms of the subscription agreement, following the closing date until the earlier of (i) the date that the registration is declared effective by the SEC, or (ii) the date the shares become freely tradable, if the Company issues any common stock or common stock equivalent entitling the holder to acquire common stock at a price below $0.40, the Company will be required to issue the subscribers that number of additional unites equal to the difference between the units issued at closing, and the number units the Company would have issued to the subscriber had the offering been completed at this discounted price.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">During the year ended August 31, 2017, the Company issued 1,760,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 for proceeds of $1,760. 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Each Unit consists of: (i) one (1) share of common stock; and (ii) one (1) Series A Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase one (1) share of common stock at a price of $1.50 per share for a period of 5 years from the issue date.</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px;">During the year ended August 31, 2018, the Company received cash of $525,828 that has been recorded for the issuance of 701,098 shares of common stock at a price of $0.75 per Unit pursuant to a private placement offering conducted by the Company in relation to subscription agreements accepted up to August 31, 2018. Each Unit consists of: (i) one (1) share of common stock; and (ii) one (1) Series C Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase one (1) share of common stock at a price of $1.75 per share for a period of 5 years from the issue date.</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px;">Per the terms of the subscription agreement, following the closing date until the earlier of (i) the date that the registration is declared effective by the SEC, or (ii) the date the shares become freely tradable, if the Company issues any common stock or common stock equivalent entitling the holder to acquire common stock at a price below $0.40, the Company will be required to issue the subscribers that number of additional unites equal to the difference between the units issued at closing, and the number units the Company would have issued to the subscriber had the offering been completed at this discounted price. 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For each share purchased, the investor will receive one Series A or Series B Common Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase one share of the Company&#8217;s common stock for a period of five years from the date of the share subscription with ranges of prices from $1.00 per share to $1.75 per share.</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">As of August 31, 2018, there are 3,962,293 Common Stock Purchase Warrants outstanding and exercisable, with a weighted average life remaining of 4.23 years, and weighted average exercise price of $1.30. 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The exercise price of each stock option may not be less than the fair market value of the Common Stock on the date of grant, although the exercise price of any incentive stock option granted to a 10% stockholder may not be less than 110% of the fair market value on the grant date. Options may be exercisable (&#8220;vest&#8221;) immediately or in increments based on time and/or performance criteria as determined by the administrator. The term of any option may not exceed 10 years (five years for any incentive stock option granted to a 10% stockholder), and unless otherwise determined by the administrator, each option must terminate no later than three months after the termination of the optionee&#8217;s employment (one year in the event of death or disability). Subject to a few minor exceptions, options may not be transferred other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution. 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The Company has incurred a net operating loss of $2,288,376, the net operating losses carry forward will begin to expire in varying amounts from year 2034 subject to its eligibility as determined by respective tax regulating authorities. The Company&#8217;s net operating loss carry forwards may be subject to annual limitations, which could eliminate, reduce or defer the utilization of the losses because of an ownership change as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. 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orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b>NOTE 7 &#8211; COMMITMENTS AND CONTENGENCIES</b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; 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Based on our evaluation no events have occurred that require recognition or disclosure.</div> </div> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Basis of Presentation</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The financial statements and related disclosures have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (&#8220;SEC&#8221;). The Financial Statements have been prepared using the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (&#8220;GAAP&#8221;) of the United States.</p> <div> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Basis of Consolidation</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <div align="justify" style="text-align: justify; widows: 2; text-transform: none; font-style: normal; text-indent: 0px; margin: 0px 0px 0px 0in; font-family: 'times new roman'; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; letter-spacing: normal; color: #000000; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The financial statements have been prepared on a consolidated basis, with the Company&#8217;s wholly-owned subsidiaries, Trinity Reliant Ventures Limited, and Trinity Research &amp; Development Limited.</div> </div> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Use of Estimates</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. The estimates and judgments will also affect the reported amounts for certain expenses during the reporting period. 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The Company had $337,424 and $572,775 in cash and cash equivalents as at August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;"><b><i>Foreign Currency Transactions</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">Some of the Company&#8217;s planned operations are outside of the United States, which results in exposure to market risks from changes in foreign currency rates. The financial risk arise from the fluctuations in foreign exchange rates and the degrees of volatility in these rates. Currently the Company does not use derivative instruments to reduce its exposure to foreign currency risk. Nonmonetary assets and liabilities are translated at historical rates and monetary assets and liabilities are translated at exchange rates in effect at the end of the year. Revenues and expenses are translated at average rates for the year. 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quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions (less active markets); or model-derived valuations in which significant inputs are observable or can be derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data.</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; 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word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;"><b><i>Concentrations of Credit Risk</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">The Company&#8217;s financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of its cash and cash equivalents. The Company places its cash and cash equivalents with financial institutions of high credit worthiness. At times, its cash and cash equivalents with a particular financial institution may exceed any applicable government insurance limits. The Company&#8217;s management plans to assess the financial strength and credit worthiness of any parties to which it extends funds, and as such, it believes that any associated credit risk exposures are limited.</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;"><b><i>Share-based Expenses</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">ASC 718 &#8220;Compensation &#8211; Stock Compensation&#8221; prescribes accounting and reporting standards for all share-based payment transactions in which employee services are acquired. Transactions include incurring liabilities, or issuing or offering to issue shares, options, and other equity instruments such as employee stock ownership plans and stock appreciation rights. Share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, are recognized as compensation expense in the financial statements based on their fair values. That expense is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award, known as the requisite service period (usually the vesting period).</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">The Company has recently adopted the guidance included under ASU 2018-07, stock-based compensation issued to non-employees and consultants. Equity-Based Payments to non-employees are measured at grant-date fair value of the equity instruments that the Company is obligated to issue when the service has been rendered and any other conditions necessary to earn the right to benefit from the instruments have been satisfied. Equity-classified nonemployee share based payment awards are measured at the grant date</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">There were $290,004 and $3,332 share-based expenses for the year ending August 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;"><b><i>Deferred Income Taxes and Valuation Allowance</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">The Company accounts for income taxes under ASC 740 &#8220;Income Taxes.&#8221; Under the asset and liability method of ASC 740, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period the enactment occurs. A valuation allowance is provided for certain deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize tax assets through future operations. No deferred tax assets or liabilities were recognized as at August 31, 2018 and 2017.</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Net Loss per Share of Common Stock</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The Company has adopted ASC Topic 260,&#160;<i>&#8221;Earnings per Share,&#8221;</i>&#160;(&#8220;EPS&#8221;) which requires presentation of basic EPS on the face of the income statement for all entities with complex capital structures and requires a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic EPS computation. In the accompanying financial statements, basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period.</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; 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font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;"><b><i>Commitments and Contingencies</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">The Company follows ASC 450-20<i>, &#8220;Loss Contingencies</i>,&#8221; to report accounting for contingencies. Liabilities for loss contingencies arising from claims, assessments, litigation, fines and penalties and other sources are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the assessment can be reasonably estimated.</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;"><b><i>Recent Accounting Pronouncements</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">In July 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (&#8220;FASB&#8221;) issued a two-part Accounting Standards Update (&#8220;ASU&#8221;) No. 2017-11, I. Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments With Down Round Features and II. Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests With a Scope Exception (&#8220;ASU 2017-11&#8221;).ASU 2017-11 amends guidance in FASB ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, FASB ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, and FASB ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. The amendments in Part I of ASU 2017-11 change the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. The amendments in Part II of ASU 2017-11 re-characterize the indefinite deferral of certain provisions of Topic 480 that now are presented as pending content in the Codification, to a scope exception. Those amendments do not have an accounting effect. ASU 2017-11 is effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted. We have early adopted this standard. Certain cash subscription agreements entered into by the Company contain embedded derivative features, which in accordance with the new guidance, do not give rise to an associated derivative liability.</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07<i>, Compensation&#8212;Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting</i>, or ASU 2018-07. Under this ASU, the accounting for awards issued to nonemployees will be similar to the accounting for employee awards. This includes allowing for the measurement of awards at the grant date and recognition of awards with performance conditions when those conditions are probable, both of which are earlier than under current guidance for nonemployee awards. The Company has adopted this standard as of August 31, 2018.</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, &#8220;Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)&#8221;, which supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The core principle of this ASU is that revenue should be recognized for the amount of consideration expected to be received for promised goods or services transferred to customers. This ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments, and assets recognized for costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU 2014-09 was scheduled to be effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, &#8220;Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of Effective Date,&#8221; which deferred the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year and allowed entities to early adopt, but no earlier than the original effective date. ASU 2014-09 is now effective for public business entities for the annual reporting period beginning December 15, 2017. This update allows for either full retrospective or modified retrospective adoption. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, &#8220;Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing,&#8221; which amends guidance previously issued on these matters in ASU 2014-09. The effective date and transition requirements of ASU 2016-10 are the same as those for ASU 2014-09. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, &#8220;Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients,&#8221; which clarifies certain aspects of the guidance, including assessment of collectability, treatment of sales taxes and contract modifications, and providing certain technical corrections. The effective date and transition requirements of ASU 2016-12 are the same as those for ASU 2014-09. The Company adopted the new guidance,&#160;<i>Accounting Standards Codification ASC - 606</i>,&#160;<i>Revenue from Contracts with Customers</i>&#160;as of August 31, 2018.</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.3333px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; 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text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><b><i>Property, plant and equipment</i></b></p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation is computed on the straight-line method. The depreciation and amortization methods are designed to amortize the cost of the assets over their estimated useful lives, in years, of the respective assets as follows:</p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <table align="center" style="font: 10pt/normal 'times new roman'; width: 85%; text-align: justify; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: 0px; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tr bgcolor="#cceeff"> <td valign="top"> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px;">Furniture and Fixtures</p> </td> <td valign="top"> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px;">3 Years</p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Improvements of a major nature are capitalized. At the time of retirement or other disposition of property and equipment, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gains or losses are reflected in income.</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&#160;</p> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">The long-lived assets of the Company are reviewed for impairment in accordance with ASC No. 360, &#8220;Property, Plant and Equipment&#8221; (&#8220;ASC No. 360&#8221;), whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to the future undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. During the year ended August 31, 2018, no impairment losses have been identified.</p> <table align="center" style="font: 10pt/normal 'times new roman'; width: 100%; text-align: justify; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: 0px; border-right-color: black; border-bottom-color: black; border-right-width: 1px; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-bottom-style: solid; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="3"> <tr> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px;"><b>Name</b></p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;"><b>Number of Shares</b></p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;"><b>Exercise Price</b></p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;"><b>Vesting Commencement Date</b></p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="top"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;"><b>Expiration Date</b></p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;"><b>Vesting Schedule</b></p> </td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#cceeff"> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p style="margin: 0px;">Saoirse O&#8217;Sullivan</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">100,000</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">$1.35</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">August 17, 2018</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="top"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">August 17, 2028</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">(1)</p> </td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#ffffff"> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p style="margin: 0px;">R. Martin Emanuele, Ph.D.</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">100,000</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">$1.35</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">August 17, 2018</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="top"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">August 17, 2028</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">(1)</p> </td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#cceeff"> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p style="margin: 0px;">Andy Yates, Ph.D.</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">100,000</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">$1.35</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">August 17, 2018</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="top"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">August 17, 2028</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">(1)</p> </td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#ffffff"> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p style="margin: 0px;">Steven D. Reich, M.D.</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">100,000</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">$1.35</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">April 1, 2018</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="top"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">August 17, 2028</p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;">(2)</p> </td> </tr> <tr bgcolor="#cceeff"> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px;"><b><i>Total option grants:</i></b></p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;"><b>400,000</b></p> </td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"></td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"></td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="top"></td> <td style="border-top-color: black; border-left-color: black; border-top-width: 1px; border-left-width: 1px; border-top-style: solid; border-left-style: solid;" valign="bottom"></td> </tr> </table> <p align="justify" style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman'; font-size: 13.33px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">_________</p> <table style="font: 10pt/normal 'times new roman'; width: 100%; text-align: justify; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="3%">(1)</td> <td valign="top">Twenty-five percent (25%) of the Shares subject to the Option shall vest on the Vesting Commencement Date, and one forty-eighth (1/48th) of the Shares subject to the Option shall vest each month thereafter on the same day of the month as the Vesting Commencement Date.</td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="3%">(2)</td> <td valign="top">The number of Shares that will vest upon the first day following the end of such Vesting Period (a &#8220;Vesting Date&#8221;) will equal (i) the lesser of (a) the number of hours that the Company&#8217;s Chief Executive Officer certifies Participant provided the Services during such Vesting Period or (b) 30, multiplied by (ii) a number of Shares equal to 350 divided by the exercise price per Share of the option. &#8220;Vesting Period&#8221; means each three-month period during the term of the consulting agreement, beginning on the Vesting Commencement Date.</td> </tr> </table> 22127 563 1927302 1927302 0 4362293 3962293 400000 3 Years 282 Straight-line method <table style="font: 10pt/normal 'times new roman'; width: 100%; text-align: justify; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: 0px; orphans: 2; widows: 2; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tr> <td valign="bottom"> <p style="margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> </td> <td valign="bottom"> <p style="margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> </td> <td align="center" style="border-bottom-color: currentcolor; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-style: solid;" valign="bottom" width="9%" colspan="2"> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;"><b>August 31,</b></p> <p align="center" style="margin: 0px;"><b>2018</b></p> </td> <td style="padding-bottom: 1px;" valign="bottom"> <p style="margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> </td> <td valign="bottom"> <p style="margin: 0px;">&#160;</p> </td> <td align="center" style="border-bottom-color: currentcolor; 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