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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________
Commission
File
Number
Exact name of registrant as specified in its
charter, address of principal executive offices and
registrant's telephone number
IRS Employer
Identification
Number
1-36518NEXTERA ENERGY PARTNERS, LP30-0818558
700 Universe Boulevard
Juno Beach, Florida 33408
(561) 694-4000

State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization:  Delaware

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading SymbolName of exchange
on which registered
Common unitsNEPNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933. Yes þ    No o

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Yes o    No þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ    No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months. Yes þ    No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.

Large Accelerated Filer þ Accelerated Filer Non-Accelerated Filer Smaller Reporting Company Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.   ¨   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.   

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b). ☐ 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).  Yes     No þ

Aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity of NextEra Energy Partners, LP held by non-affiliates at June 30, 2023 (based on the closing market price on the Composite Tape on June 30, 2023) was $5,330,331,140.

Number of NextEra Energy Partners, LP common units outstanding at January 31, 2024: 93,431,516

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
__________________________________

Portions of NextEra Energy Partners, LP's Proxy Statement for the 2024 Annual Meeting of Unitholders are incorporated by reference in Part III hereof.


DEFINITIONS

Acronyms and defined terms used in the text include the following:
TermMeaning
ASAadministrative services agreement
BLMU.S. Bureau of Land Management
CITCconvertible investment tax credit
CodeU.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended
CSCS agreementamended and restated cash sweep and credit support agreement
FERCU.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
IDR feecertain payments from NEP OpCo to NEE Management as a component of the MSA which are based on the achievement by NEP OpCo of certain target quarterly distribution levels to its unitholders
IPPindependent power producer
ITCinvestment tax credit
limited partner interest in NEP OpCo
limited partner interest in NEP OpCo's common units
management sub-contractmanagement services subcontract between NEE Management and NEER
Management's DiscussionItem 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
MSAFourth Amended and Restated Management Services Agreement among NEP, NEE Management, NEP OpCo and NEP OpCo GP
MWmegawatt(s)
MWhmegawatt-hour(s)
NEENextEra Energy, Inc.
NEECHNextEra Energy Capital Holdings, Inc.
NEE EquityNextEra Energy Equity Partners, LP
NEE ManagementNextEra Energy Management Partners, LP
NEERNextEra Energy Resources, LLC
NEPNextEra Energy Partners, LP
NEP GPNextEra Energy Partners GP, Inc.
NEP OpCoNextEra Energy Operating Partners, LP
NEP OpCo GPNextEra Energy Operating Partners GP, LLC
NEP OpCo ROFR assetsall assets owned or hereafter acquired by NEP OpCo or its subsidiaries
NERCNorth American Electric Reliability Corporation
Note __Note __ to consolidated financial statements
NYSENew York Stock Exchange
O&Moperations and maintenance
PPApower purchase agreement
PTCproduction tax credit
renewable energy tax creditsproduction tax credits and investment tax credits collectively
ROFRright of first refusal
RPSrenewable portfolio standards
SECU.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
the boardthe board of directors of NEP
U.S.United States of America


Each of NEP and NEP OpCo has subsidiaries and affiliates with names that may include NextEra Energy, NextEra Energy Partners and similar references. For convenience and simplicity, in this report, the terms NEP and NEP OpCo are sometimes used as abbreviated references to specific subsidiaries, affiliates or groups of subsidiaries or affiliates. The precise meaning depends on the context. Discussions of NEP's ownership of subsidiaries and projects refers to its controlling interest in the general partner of NEP OpCo and NEP's indirect interest in and control over the subsidiaries of NEP OpCo. See Note 1 for a description of the noncontrolling interest in NEP OpCo. References to NEP's projects generally include NEP's consolidated subsidiaries and the projects in which NEP has equity method investments. References to NEP's pipeline investment refers to its equity method investment in contracted natural gas assets.

NEE, NEECH and NEER each has subsidiaries and affiliates with names that may include NextEra Energy, NextEra Energy Resources, NextEra and similar references. For convenience and simplicity, in this report the terms NEE, NEECH and NEER are sometimes used as abbreviated references to specific subsidiaries, affiliates or groups of subsidiaries or affiliates. The precise meaning depends on the context.
2

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page No.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Any statements that express, or involve discussions as to, expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions, strategies, future events or performance (often, but not always, through the use of words or phrases such as may result, are expected to, will continue, anticipate, believe, will, could, should, would, estimated, may, plan, potential, future, projection, goals, target, outlook, predict and intend or words of similar meaning) are not statements of historical facts and may be forward looking. Forward-looking statements involve estimates, assumptions and uncertainties. Accordingly, any such statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to, and are accompanied by, important factors included in Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors (in addition to any assumptions and other factors referred to specifically in connection with such forward-looking statements) that could have a significant impact on NEP's operations and financial results, and could cause NEP's actual results to differ materially from those contained or implied in forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of NEP in this Form 10-K, in presentations, on its website, in response to questions or otherwise.

Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and NEP undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances, including, but not limited to, unanticipated events, after the date on which such statement is made, unless otherwise required by law. New factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all of such factors, nor can it assess the impact of each such factor on the business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained or implied in any forward-looking statement.

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PART I

Item 1.  Business

NEP is a growth-oriented limited partnership with a strategy that emphasizes acquiring, managing and owning contracted clean energy assets with stable long-term cash flows with a focus on renewable energy projects. At December 31, 2023, NEP owned a controlling, non-economic general partner interest and a 48.6% limited partner interest in NEP OpCo. Through NEP OpCo, NEP owns, or has a partial ownership interest in, a portfolio of contracted renewable energy assets consisting of wind, solar and solar-plus-storage projects and a stand-alone battery storage project, as well as contracted natural gas pipeline assets (pipeline investment).

NEP expects to take advantage of trends in the North American energy industry, including the addition of clean energy projects as aging or uneconomic generation facilities are phased out, increased demand from utilities for renewable energy to meet state RPS requirements and improving competitiveness of energy generated from wind and solar projects relative to energy generated using other fuels. NEP plans to focus on high-quality, long-lived projects operating under long-term contracts that are expected to produce stable long-term cash flows and organic growth through wind turbine repowering opportunities across its portfolio. NEP believes its cash flow profile, geographic, technological and resource diversity, operational excellence and cost-efficient business model provide NEP with a significant competitive advantage and enable NEP to execute its business strategy.

The following diagram depicts NEP's simplified ownership structure at December 31, 2023:

nep2020orgchart.jpg
(a) At December 31, 2023, NEE owns 2,377,882 NEP common units.
(b) At December 31, 2023, NEE Equity owns approximately 51.4% of NEP OpCo's common units representing limited partnership interests and
100% of NEP OpCo's Class B partnership interests. NEE Equity may tender its NEP OpCo common units and in exchange receive NEP common units on a one-for-one basis, or the value of such common units in cash, subject to the terms of an exchange agreement.
(c) At December 31, 2023, certain project entities and the pipeline investment are subject to noncontrolling interests. See Note 2 – Noncontrolling Interests.
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Renewable energy projects At December 31, 2023, NEP owned interests in a portfolio of clean, contracted renewable energy projects located in 31 states as summarized below:
NEP Acquisition/Investment DateTechnology
Net MW(a)
Contract Expiration
2014Solar
Wind
250
492
2030 – 2039
2015Solar
Wind
20
851

(b)
2026 – 2041
2016Solar
Wind
132
584
2033 – 2040
2017Solar
Wind
143
798
2030 – 2046
2018Solar
Wind
20
1,368
2031 – 2042
2019Solar
Wind
191
420
2030 – 2042
2020Battery Storage
Solar
Wind
30
219
280
2034 – 2045
2021Battery Storage
Solar
Wind
58
558
1,784
2025 – 2051
2022Battery Storage
Solar
Wind
186
61
931
2032 – 2043
2023
Solar
Wind
196
546
2036 – 2046
10,118 
(c)(d)
____________________
(a)    MWs reflect NEP's net ownership in the renewable energy project capacity based on respective ownership interests. NEP has indirect equity method investments in projects with a net generating capacity of approximately 862 MW with ownership interests ranging from 33.3% to 50%. Additionally, NEP has indirect controlling ownership interests ranging from 49% to 67% in projects with a net generation capacity of approximately 2,087 MW and battery storage capacity of 244 MW. See Note 2 – Investments in Unconsolidated Entities and – Noncontrolling Interests.
(b)    Reflects the sale of a 62 MW wind project in January 2023. See Note 2 – Disposal of Wind Project.
(c)    Third-party investors own noncontrolling Class B membership interests in the NEP subsidiaries that own interests in projects with net generating capacity of approximately 5,622 MW and battery storage capacity of 120 MW. Third-party investors own differential membership interests in projects with net generating capacity of approximately 6,494 MW and battery storage capacity of 274 MW. See Note 2 – Noncontrolling Interests, Note 11 and Note 14 – Class B Noncontrolling Interests. Projects with net generating capacity of approximately 1,539 MW are encumbered by liens against their assets securing various financings.
(d)    At December 31, 2023, NEP owns an approximately 50% non-economic ownership interest in three NEER solar projects with a total generating capacity of 277 MW and battery storage capacity of 230 MW. All equity in earnings of these non-economic ownership interests is allocated to net income attributable to noncontrolling interests. See Note 2 – Investments in Unconsolidated Entities.

During 2023, NEP generated approximately 25.8 million MWh and 3.8 million MWh from wind and solar generating facilities, respectively. During 2022, NEP generated approximately 23.8 million MWh and 3.4 million MWh from wind and solar generating facilities, respectively.

Pipeline investment At December 31, 2023, through its ownership interest in Meade Pipeline Co, LLC, NEP has an indirect equity method investment in the Central Penn Line (CPL), natural gas pipeline assets in Pennsylvania with 191 miles of pipeline with 30 inch and 42 inch diameter pipes which is fully contracted with contract expirations between 2033 and 2041. NEP's net ownership interest represents an approximately 39% aggregate ownership interest in the CPL and net capacity of 0.73 billion cubic feet per day. In December 2023, NEP sold its interests in a portfolio of seven natural gas pipelines assets in Texas (Texas pipelines). See Note 4.

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The following map shows NEP's ownership interests in clean energy projects in operation, excluding its non-economic ownership interests, and NEP's pipeline investment.
NEP_Assets_10Kformat_20240103_v2 (2).jpg
Each of the renewable energy projects sells substantially all of its output and related renewable energy attributes pursuant to long-term, fixed price PPAs to various counterparties. The pipeline assets in which NEP is invested primarily operate under long-term firm transportation contracts under which counterparties pay for a fixed amount of capacity that is reserved by the counterparties and also generate revenues based on the volume of natural gas transported on the pipeline. In 2023, NEP derived approximately 14% of its consolidated revenues from its contracts with Pacific Gas and Electric Company. In 2023, NEP also derived approximately 11% of its consolidated revenues from its contracts with Mex Gas Supply S.L., which was related to the Texas pipelines (see Note 4). See Item 1A for a discussion of risks related to NEP's counterparties.

NEP, NEP OpCo and NEP OpCo GP are parties to the MSA with an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of NEE, under which operational, management and administrative services are provided to NEP under the direction of the board, including managing NEP’s day-to-day affairs and providing individuals to act as NEP’s executive officers, in addition to those services that are provided under O&M agreements and ASAs between NEER subsidiaries and NEP subsidiaries. NEP OpCo pays NEE an annual management fee. See Note 15 – Management Services Agreement.

NEP and NEP OpCo are parties to a ROFR agreement with NEER granting NEER and its subsidiaries (other than NEP OpCo and its subsidiaries) a right of first refusal on any proposed sale of any NEP OpCo ROFR assets. Pursuant to the terms of the ROFR agreement, prior to engaging in any negotiation regarding any sale of a NEP OpCo ROFR asset, NEP OpCo must first negotiate for 30 days with NEER to attempt to reach an agreement on a sale of such asset to NEER or any of its subsidiaries. If an agreement is not reached within the initial 30-day period, NEP OpCo will be able to negotiate with any third party for the sale of such asset for a 30-day period. Prior to accepting any third-party offer, NEP OpCo will be required to restart negotiations with NEER for the next 30 days and will not be permitted to sell the applicable asset to the third party making the offer if NEER agrees to terms substantially consistent with those proposed by such third party. If, by the end of the 30-day period, NEER and NEP OpCo have not reached an agreement, NEP OpCo will have the right to sell such asset to such third party within 30 days.

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INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

Renewable Energy Industry

Growth in renewable energy is largely attributable to the increasing cost competitiveness of renewable energy driven primarily by government incentives, RPS, improving technology and declining installation costs and the impact of environmental rules and regulations on other types of generation.

U.S. federal, state and local governments have established various incentives to support the development of renewable energy projects. These incentives make the development of renewable energy projects more competitive by providing accelerated depreciation, tax credits or grants for a portion of the development costs, decreasing the costs associated with developing such projects or creating demand for renewable energy assets through RPS programs. In addition, RPS provide incentives to utilities to contract for energy generated from renewable energy providers.

Continuous improvements in renewable energy technology have resulted in wind and solar energy generation becoming the lowest cost energy generation technologies in many regions in the U.S. The improvements in these technologies, including taller wind towers, longer wind turbine blades, improved solar cell production and more efficient energy conversion equipment, allow the renewable energy projects to more efficiently capture resource and produce more energy which is expected to lead to continued growth in the renewable energy industry. Additionally, combining wind and solar energy generation facilities with battery storage projects allows for the utilization of energy stored when the renewable resource is not as strong and alleviates congestion.

Policy Incentives

Policy incentives in the U.S. have the effect of making the development of renewable energy projects more competitive by providing credits for a portion of the development costs or by providing favorable contract prices. A loss of or reduction in such incentives could decrease the attractiveness of renewable energy projects to developers, including NEE, which could reduce NEP's future acquisition opportunities. Such a loss or reduction of incentives could also reduce NEP's willingness to pursue or develop certain renewable energy projects, including wind turbine repowerings, due to higher operating costs or decreased revenues.

U.S. federal, state and local governments have established various incentives to support the development of renewable energy projects. These incentives include accelerated tax depreciation, PTCs, ITCs, cash grants, tax abatements and RPS programs. Pursuant to the U.S. federal Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS), wind and solar generation facilities are depreciated for tax purposes over a five-year period even though the useful life of such facilities is generally much longer than five years.

Owners of wind and solar facilities are eligible to claim an income tax credit (the PTC, or an ITC in lieu of the PTC) upon initially achieving commercial operation. This incentive was created under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and has been extended several times for wind (the previous PTC for solar expired in 2006). The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (IRA) expanded the PTC to include solar generation facilities and extended the 100% PTC and the 30% ITC to wind and solar generation facilities that start construction before the later of 2034 or the end of the calendar year following the year in which greenhouse gas emissions from U.S. electric generation are reduced by 75% from 2022 levels (phaseout). Accordingly, owners of wind and solar generation facilities placed in service in 2022 or later are eligible to claim a PTC (or an ITC in lieu of the PTC) upon initially achieving commercial operation. The PTC is determined based on the amount of electricity produced by the facility during the first ten years of commercial operation. Alternatively, an ITC equal to 30% of the cost of the facility may be claimed in lieu of the PTC. A facility must also meet certain labor requirements to qualify for the 100% PTC or 30% ITC rate or construction must have started on the facility before January 29, 2023. In addition, the PTC is increased by 10% and the ITC rate is increased by 10 percentage points for facilities that satisfy certain tax credit enhancement requirements. Retrofitted wind and solar generation facilities may qualify for a PTC or an ITC if the cost basis of the new investment is at least 80% of the retrofitted facility’s total fair value.

In addition, the IRA expanded the 30% ITC to include storage projects placed in service after 2022 (previously, such projects qualified only if they were connected to and charged by a renewable generation facility that claimed the ITC), subject to the phaseout and certain other requirements. In addition, storage projects claiming an ITC are eligible for a 10 percentage point increase in the ITC rate if the facilities satisfy certain tax credit enhancement requirements.

For taxable years beginning after 2022, renewable energy tax credits generated during the year can be transferred to an unrelated purchaser for cash, providing an additional path, along with sales of differential membership interests, for developers to monetize the value of the renewable energy tax credits.

RPS, currently in place in certain states, require electricity providers in the state to meet a certain percentage of their retail sales with energy from renewable sources. Additionally, other states in the U.S. have set renewable energy goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from historic levels. NEP believes that these standards and goals will create incremental demand for renewable energy in the future.

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BUSINESS STRATEGY

NEP's primary business objective is to deliver cash distributions to common unitholders which it plans to grow over time through accretively acquiring ownership interests in contracted clean energy projects, with a focus on renewable energy projects, from NEER or third parties and wind turbine repowering at existing projects. To achieve this objective, NEP intends to execute the following business strategy:

Focus on contracted clean energy projects. NEP intends to focus on long-term contracted clean energy projects with newer and more reliable technology, lower operating costs and relatively stable cash flows, subject to seasonal variances, consistent with the characteristics of its portfolio.
Focus on North America. NEP intends to focus its investments in North America, where it believes industry trends present significant opportunities to acquire contracted clean energy projects in diverse regions and favorable locations and repower existing wind projects. By focusing on North America, NEP believes it will be able to take advantage of NEE’s long-standing industry relationships, knowledge and experience.
Maintain a sound capital structure and financial flexibility. NEP and its subsidiaries have utilized various financing structures including limited-recourse project-level financings, the sale of differential membership interests and equity interests in certain subsidiaries, preferred units, convertible senior unsecured notes and senior unsecured notes, as well as revolving credit facilities and term loans. NEP intends to continually seek the most competitive cost of capital to finance growth associated with future acquisitions and wind turbine repowerings, with a focus on maintaining a positive spread between its cost to finance an investment or acquisition and the value of the incremental cash flows. Additionally, including for its refinancing, NEP seeks to limit recourse, optimize leverage, manage liquidity, hedge exposure and extend maturities to, among other things, maximize cash distributions to common unitholders.
Take advantage of NEER’s operational excellence to maintain the value of the projects in NEP's portfolio. NEER provides O&M, administrative and management services to NEP's projects pursuant to the MSA and other agreements. Through these agreements, NEP benefits from the operational expertise that NEER currently provides across its entire portfolio. NEP expects that these services will maximize the operational efficiencies of its portfolio.
Grow NEP's business and deliver cash distributions through selective acquisitions of ownership interests in operating projects or projects under construction and wind turbine repowering at existing projects. NEP intends to focus on acquiring ownership interests in clean energy projects in operation or under construction, maintaining a disciplined investment approach, taking advantage of opportunities to acquire ownership interests in additional projects from NEER and third parties in the future, and identifying wind turbine repowering opportunities at existing projects.

COMPETITION

Wholesale power generation is a capital-intensive, commodity-driven business with numerous industry participants. While NEP's renewable energy projects are currently contracted, NEP may compete in the future primarily on the bases of price and terms, but also believes the green attributes of NEP's renewable energy generation assets, among other strengths discussed below, are competitive advantages. Wholesale power generation is a regional business that is highly fragmented relative to many other commodity industries and diverse in terms of industry structure. As such, there is a wide variation in terms of the capabilities, resources, nature and identity of the companies NEP competes with depending on the market. In wholesale markets, customers' needs are met through a variety of means, including long-term bilateral contracts, standardized bilateral products such as full requirements service and customized supply and risk management services.

In addition, NEP competes with other companies to acquire well-developed projects with projected stable cash flows. NEP believes its primary competitors for opportunities in North America are regulated utility holding companies, developers, IPPs, pension funds and private equity funds.

NEP's pipeline investment faces competition with respect to retaining and obtaining firm transportation contracts and competes with other pipeline companies based on location, capacity, price and reliability.

NEP believes that it is well-positioned to execute its strategy and deliver cash distributions to its common unitholders over the long term based on the following competitive strengths:

NEE management and operational expertise. NEP believes it benefits from NEE’s experience, operational excellence and cost-efficient operations. Through the MSA and other agreements with NEE and its subsidiaries, NEP's projects will receive the same benefits and expertise that NEE currently provides across its entire portfolio.

Repowering opportunities. NEP is focused on executing wind turbine repowering opportunities across its portfolio and expects that these investments will allow NEP to refresh and enhance the performance of the wind turbine equipment and start a new 10 years of PTCs, collectively resulting in attractive returns.

Contracted projects with stable cash flows. The contracted nature of NEP's portfolio of projects supports expected stable long-term cash flows. The renewable energy projects in NEP's portfolio are contracted under long-term contracts that generally provide for fixed price payments over the contract term. The renewable energy projects have a total weighted average remaining contract term of approximately 13 years at December 31, 2023 based on expected contributions to cash available for distribution.
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Geographic and resource diversification. NEP's portfolio is geographically diverse across the U.S. In addition, NEP's portfolio consists of wind and solar generation facilities, solar-plus-storage projects, a stand-alone battery storage project and an investment in pipeline assets. A diverse portfolio tends to reduce the magnitude of individual project or regional deviations from historical resource conditions, providing a more stable stream of cash flows over the long term than a non-diversified portfolio. In addition, NEP believes the geographic diversity of its portfolio helps minimize the impact of adverse regulatory conditions in particular jurisdictions.

REGULATION

NEP's projects and the pipeline assets underlying its pipeline investment are subject to regulation by a number of U.S. federal, state and other organizations, including, but not limited to, the following:

the FERC, which oversees the acquisition and disposition of generation, transmission and other facilities, transmission of electricity and natural gas in interstate commerce and wholesale purchases and sales of electric energy, among other things;
the NERC, which, through its regional entities, establishes and enforces mandatory reliability standards, subject to approval by the FERC, to ensure the reliability of the U.S. electric transmission and generation system and to prevent major system blackouts;
the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which has the responsibility to maintain and enforce national standards under a variety of environmental laws. The EPA also works with industries and all levels of government, including federal and state governments, in a wide variety of voluntary pollution prevention programs and energy conservation efforts;
various agencies in Pennsylvania, which oversee safety, environmental and certain aspects of rates and transportation related to the pipeline project in which NEP is invested; and
the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, which, among other things, oversees the safety of natural gas pipelines.

In addition, NEP is subject to environmental laws and regulations described in the Environmental Matters section below.

ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS

NEP is subject to environmental laws and regulations, including extensive federal, state and local environmental statutes, rules and regulations relating to, among others, air quality, water quality and usage, waste management, wildlife protection and historical resources, for the ongoing operations, siting and construction of its facilities. The environmental laws in the U.S., including, among others, the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGEPA), provide for the protection of numerous species, including endangered species and/or their habitats, migratory birds, bats and eagles. In 2023, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed the northern long-eared bat as endangered, with two more bat species expected to be listed in 2024 and 2025. Complying with these environmental laws and regulations could result in, among other things, changes in the design and operation of, and additional costs associated with, existing facilities and changes or delays in the location, design, construction and operation of any new facilities and failure to comply could result in fines, penalties, criminal sanctions or injunctions.

HUMAN CAPITAL

NEP does not have any employees and relies solely on employees of affiliates of the manager under the MSA, including employees of NEE and NEER, to serve as officers of NEP. See further discussion of the MSA and other payments to NEE in Note 15.

WEBSITE ACCESS TO SEC FILINGS

NEP makes its SEC filings, including the annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8‑K, and any amendments to those reports, available free of charge on NEP's internet website, www.nexteraenergypartners.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after those documents are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. The information and materials available on NEP's website (or any of its subsidiaries' or affiliates' websites) are not incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K.

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Item 1A.  Risk Factors

Limited partnerships and limited partnership interests are inherently different than corporations and shares of capital stock of a corporation, although many of the business risks to which NEP is subject are similar to those that would be faced by a corporation engaged in similar businesses and NEP has elected to be treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes. If any of the following risks were to occur, and whether or not expressly stated with respect to any particular risk factor, NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders could be materially and adversely affected. In that case, NEP may not be able to pay distributions to its unitholders, the trading price of its common units could decline and investors could lose all or part of their investment in NEP.

Performance Risks

NEP's ability to make cash distributions to its unitholders is affected by the performance of its renewable energy projects which could be impacted by wind and solar conditions and in certain circumstances by market prices.

The output from NEP's wind projects can vary greatly as local wind speeds and other conditions vary. Similarly, the amount of energy that a solar project is able to produce depends on several factors, including the amount of solar energy that reaches its solar panels. Wind turbine or solar panel placement, interference from nearby wind projects or other structures and the effects of vegetation, snow, ice, land use and terrain also affect the amount of energy that NEP's wind and solar projects generate. In certain circumstances, NEP is exposed to the inherent market price risk created by the differences in pricing between commodity selling and purchasing locations known as basis risk. The failure of some or all of NEP's projects to perform according to NEP's expectations as well as basis risk could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Operation and maintenance of renewable energy projects and pipelines involve significant risks that could result in unplanned power outages, reduced output or capacity, property damage, personal injury or loss of life.

There are risks associated with the operation of NEP's renewable energy projects and pipelines, including:

breakdown or failure, including, but not limited to, leaks, fires, explosions, mechanical problems or other major events, of, or damage to, turbines, blades, blade attachments, solar panels, mirrors, pipelines, batteries and other equipment, which could reduce a project’s energy output or a pipeline's ability to transport natural gas at expected levels or result in significant property damage, environmental pollution, personal injury or loss of life;
catastrophic events, such as fires, earthquakes, hurricanes, severe weather, tornadoes, ice and hail storms, other meteorological conditions, landslides and other similar events beyond NEP's control, which could severely damage or destroy all or a part of a project, pipeline or interconnection and transmission facilities, reduce its energy output or capacity, or result in property damage, personal injury or loss of life;
technical performance below expected levels, including, but not limited to, the failure of wind turbines, solar panels, mirrors, batteries and other equipment to produce energy as expected due to incorrect measures of expected performance provided by equipment suppliers;
interference from nearby wind projects or other structures;
increases in the cost of operating the projects;
operator, contractor or supplier error or failure to perform or to fulfill any warranty obligations;
serial design, manufacturing or other defects, which may not be covered by warranty;
extended events, including, but not limited to, force majeure under certain PPAs that may give rise to a termination right of the customer under such a PPA (renewable energy counterparty);
failure to comply with permits and the inability to renew or replace permits that have expired or terminated;
the inability to operate within limitations that may be imposed by current or future governmental permits;
replacements for failed equipment, which may need to meet new interconnection standards or require system impact studies and compliance that may be difficult or expensive to achieve;
land use, environmental or other regulatory requirements;
risks associated with potential harm to wildlife;
disputes with the BLM, other owners of land on which NEP's projects are located or nearby landowners;
changes in laws, regulations, policies and treaties;
government or utility exercise of eminent domain power or similar events;
existence of liens, encumbrances and other imperfections in title affecting real estate interests; and
insufficient insurance, warranties or performance guarantees to cover any or all lost revenues or increased expenses from the foregoing.

These and other factors could require the shut down of NEP's renewable energy projects or pipeline investment. For renewable energy projects or pipelines located near populated areas, including, but not limited to, residential areas, commercial business centers, industrial sites and other public gathering areas, or areas more prone to wildfires, the level of damage resulting from certain of these risks could be greater.

These factors could also reduce the useful lives of and degrade equipment, interconnection facilities and transmission facilities, and materially increase maintenance and other costs. Unanticipated costs associated with maintaining or repairing NEP's projects and pipeline investment may reduce profitability. In addition, replacement and spare parts for solar panels, wind turbines, batteries and other key equipment may be difficult or costly to acquire or may be unavailable.

Such events or actions could significantly decrease or eliminate the revenues of a project or pipeline, significantly increase its operating costs, cause a default under NEP's financing agreements or give rise to damages or penalties payable to a PPA or transportation agreement counterparty, another contractual counterparty, a governmental authority or other third parties or cause defaults under related contracts or permits. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects can be materially adversely affected by weather conditions and related impacts, including, but not limited to, the impact of severe weather.

Weather conditions directly influence the demand for electricity, natural gas and other fuels and affect the price of energy and energy-related commodities. In addition, severe weather and natural disasters, such as hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, droughts, extreme temperatures, icing events, wildfires, severe convective storms and earthquakes, can be destructive and cause power outages, personal injury and property damage, reduce revenue, affect the availability of fuel and water and require NEP to incur additional costs to, for example, restore service and repair damaged facilities, obtain replacement power, access available financing sources, obtain insurance, pay for any associated injuries and damages and fund any associated legal matters and compliance penalties. Furthermore, NEP's physical plants could be placed at greater risk of damage should changes in the global climate produce unusual
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variations in temperature and weather patterns, resulting in more intense, frequent and extreme weather events and abnormal levels of precipitation. A disruption or failure of electric generation, transmission or distribution systems or natural gas production, transmission, storage or distribution systems in the event of a hurricane, tornado or other severe weather event, or otherwise, could prevent NEP from operating its business in the normal course and could result in any of the adverse consequences described above. Additionally, the actions taken to address the potential for severe weather such as additional winterizing of critical equipment and infrastructure, modifying or alternating plant operations and expanding load shedding options could result in significant increases in costs. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Changes in weather can also affect the level of wind and solar resource available, and thus the production of electricity, at NEP's power generating facilities. Because the levels of wind and solar resources are variable and difficult to predict, NEP’s results of operations for individual wind and solar facilities specifically, and NEP's results of operations generally, may vary significantly from period to period, depending on the level of available resources. To the extent that resources are not available at planned levels, the financial results from these facilities may be less than expected.

NEP depends on certain of the renewable energy projects and the investment in pipeline assets in its portfolio for a substantial portion of its anticipated cash flows.

NEP depends on certain of the renewable energy projects and the investment in pipeline assets in its portfolio for a substantial portion of its anticipated cash flows. Consequently, the impairment or loss of any one or more of those projects or the pipeline investment could materially and, depending on the relative size of the affected projects or pipeline investment, disproportionately reduce NEP’s cash flows and, as a result, have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

The repowering of renewable energy projects requires up-front capital expenditures and could expose NEP to project development risks.

NEP from time to time pursues the repowering of renewable energy projects. Repowering of renewable energy projects involves regulatory, environmental, construction, safety, political and legal uncertainties and may require the expenditure of significant amounts of capital. These projects may not be completed on schedule, at the budgeted cost or at all. There may be cost overruns and construction difficulties. In addition, NEP may agree to pay liquidated damages to counterparties if a project does not achieve commercial operations before a specified date that the parties may agree upon in advance. Any cost overruns NEP experiences or liquidated damages NEP pays could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders. In addition, NEP may choose to finance all or a portion of the development costs of any repowering project through the sale of additional common units or securities convertible into, or settleable with, common units, which could result in dilution to NEP’s unitholders, or through other financings which could result in additional expense. Any such financings could involve the issuance of securities or indebtedness that could be senior to the common units upon liquidation. The construction related to repowering projects may occur over an extended period of time and NEP may not receive increases in revenues until the projects are placed in service, or at all. Accordingly, NEP's repowering efforts may not result in additional long-term contracted revenue streams that increase, and could decrease, the amount of cash available to execute NEP's business plan and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Geopolitical factors, terrorist acts, cyberattacks or other similar events could impact NEP's projects, pipeline investment or surrounding areas and adversely affect its business.

Terrorists have attacked energy assets such as substations and related infrastructure in the past and may attack them in the future. Any attacks on NEP’s projects, pipeline investment or the facilities of third parties on which its projects or pipeline investment rely could severely damage such projects or the pipeline investment, disrupt business operations, result in loss of service to customers and require significant time and expense to repair. Projects and pipeline investment in NEP's portfolio, as well as projects it may acquire and the transmission and other facilities of third parties on which NEP's projects rely, may also be targets of terrorist acts and affected by responses to terrorist acts, each of which could fully or partially disrupt the ability of NEP's projects or pipeline investment to operate.

Cyberattacks, including, but not limited to, those targeting information systems or electronic control systems used to operate NEP's energy projects (including, but not limited to, generation transmission tie lines) and the transmission and other facilities of third parties on which NEP's projects rely, could severely disrupt business operations and result in loss of service to customers and significant expense to repair security breaches or system damage. In addition, the advancement of artificial intelligence has given rise to added vulnerabilities and potential entry points for cyberattacks. As cyber incidents continue to evolve, NEP may be required to expend additional resources to continue to modify or enhance NEP's protective measures or to investigate and remediate any vulnerability to cyber incidents.

To the extent geopolitical factors, terrorist acts, cyberattacks or other similar events equate to a force majeure event under NEP's PPAs, the renewable energy counterparty may terminate such PPAs if such a force majeure event continues for a specified period. As a result, a terrorist act, cyberattack or other similar event, and governmental actions in response, could significantly decrease revenues or result in significant reconstruction or remediation costs, significant fines and penalties and reputational damage, any of which could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

The ability of NEP to obtain insurance and the terms of any available insurance coverage could be materially adversely affected by international, national, state or local events and company-specific events, as well as the financial condition of insurers. NEP's insurance coverage does not provide protection against all significant losses.

NEP shares insurance coverage with NEE and its affiliates, for which NEP reimburses NEE. NEE currently maintains liability insurance coverage for itself and its affiliates, including NEP, which covers legal and contractual liabilities arising out of bodily injury, personal injury or property damage to third parties. NEE also maintains coverage for itself and its affiliates, including NEP, for physical damage to assets and resulting business interruption, including, but not limited to, damage caused by terrorist acts. However, such policies do not cover all potential losses and coverage is not always available in the insurance market on commercially reasonable terms. To the extent NEE or any of its affiliates experience covered losses under the insurance policies, the limit of NEP's coverage for potential losses may be decreased. NEE may also reduce or eliminate such coverage at any time. NEP may not be able to maintain or obtain insurance of the type and amount NEP desires at reasonable rates and NEP may elect to self-insure some of its wind and solar projects. The ability of NEE to obtain insurance and the terms of any available insurance coverage could be materially adversely affected by international, national, state or local events and company-specific events, as well as the financial condition of insurers. If NEP cannot or does not obtain insurance coverage, NEP may be required to pay costs associated with adverse future events. A loss for which NEP is not fully insured could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP relies on interconnection and transmission and other pipeline facilities of third parties to deliver energy from its renewable energy projects and to transport natural gas to and from its pipeline investment. If these facilities become unavailable, NEP's projects and pipeline investment may not be able to operate or deliver energy or may become partially or fully unavailable to transport natural gas.
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NEP depends on interconnection and transmission facilities owned and operated by third parties to deliver energy from its wind and solar projects. In addition, some of the renewable energy projects in NEP's portfolio share essential facilities, including interconnection and transmission facilities, with projects that are owned by other affiliates of NEE. If the interconnection or transmission arrangement for a project is terminated, NEP may not be able to replace it on similar terms to the existing arrangement, or at all, or NEP may experience significant delays or costs in connection with such replacement. NEP also depends upon third-party pipelines and other facilities that transport natural gas to and from its pipeline investment. Because NEP does not own these third-party pipelines or facilities, their continuing operations are not within its control. The unavailability of interconnection, transmission, pipeline or shared facilities could adversely affect the operation of NEP's projects and pipeline investment and the revenues received, which could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP's business is subject to liabilities and operating restrictions arising from environmental, health and safety laws and regulations, compliance with which may require significant capital expenditures, increase NEP’s cost of operations and affect or limit its business plans.

NEP's projects and pipeline investment are subject to numerous environmental, health and safety laws, regulations, guidelines, policies, directives and other requirements governing or relating to the protection of avian, bats and other wildlife; the storage, handling, use and transportation of natural gas as well as other hazardous or toxic substances and other regulated substances, materials, and/or chemicals; air emissions, water quality, releases of hazardous materials into the environment and the prevention of and responses to releases of hazardous materials into soil and groundwater; federal, state or local land use, zoning, building and transportation laws and requirements; the presence or discovery of archaeological, religious or cultural resources at or near NEP's projects or pipeline investment; and the protection of workers’ health and safety, among other things. If NEP's projects or pipeline investment do not comply with such laws, regulations, environmental licenses, permits, inspections or other requirements, NEP may be required to incur significant expenditures, pay penalties or fines, or curtail or cease operations of the affected projects or pipeline investment and may also be subject to criminal sanctions or injunctions, such as restrictions on how it operates its facilities. NEP's projects and pipeline investment also carry inherent environmental, health and safety risks, including, without limitation, the potential for related civil litigation, regulatory compliance actions, remediation orders, fines and other penalties. Proceedings related to any such litigation or actions could result in significant expenditures as well as the restriction or elimination of the ability to operate any affected project. For example, if NEP fails to obtain eagle "take" permits under the BGEPA or incidental take permits under the ESA for certain of its wind facilities and eagles or listed species, like cave bats, perish in collisions with facility turbines, NEP or its subsidiaries could face criminal prosecution under these laws.

Environmental, health and safety laws and regulations have generally become more stringent over time, and NEP expects this trend to continue. Significant capital and operating costs may be incurred at any time to keep NEP's projects or pipeline investment in compliance with environmental, health and safety laws and regulations, including in response to any addition of species, such as additional bat species, to the endangered species list. If it is not economical to make those expenditures, or if NEP's projects or pipeline investment violate any of these laws and regulations, it may be necessary to retire the affected project or pipeline or restrict or modify its operations, which could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP's renewable energy projects and pipeline investment may be adversely affected by new or revised laws or regulations, interpretations of these laws and regulations or a failure to comply with current applicable energy and pipeline regulations.

NEP's renewable energy projects, pipeline investment and PPA counterparties are subject to regulation by U.S. federal, state and local authorities. The wholesale sale of electric energy in the continental U.S., other than portions of Texas, is subject to the jurisdiction of the FERC and the ability of a project to charge the negotiated rates contained in its PPA is subject to that project’s maintenance of its general authorization from the FERC to sell electricity at market-based rates. The FERC may impose penalties or revoke a project's market-based rate authorization if it determines that the project entity can exercise market power in transmission or generation, creates barriers to entry, has engaged in abusive affiliate transactions or fails to meet compliance requirements associated with such rates. The negotiated rates entered into under PPAs could be changed by the FERC if it determines such change is in the public interest or just and reasonable, depending on the standard in the respective PPA. If the FERC decreases the prices paid to NEP for energy delivered under any of its PPAs, NEP’s revenues could be below its projections and its business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders could be materially adversely affected.

NEP’s investment in pipeline assets, through the CPL is subject to FERC regulation under the Natural Gas Act of 1938 (NGA) and the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 (NGPA) as the CPL is a segment of a larger, interstate pipeline. The NGPA requires that rates charged for transportation services must be fair and equitable, and amounts collected in excess of fair and equitable rates are subject to refund with interest. Further, state regulation of transportation facilities generally includes various safety, environmental and, in some cases, non-discriminatory take requirements and complaint-based rate regulation. If the CPL was found to have provided services or otherwise operated in violation of the NGA or NGPA, that could result in the imposition of civil penalties, as well as a requirement to disgorge amounts collected for such services in excess of the rate established by the FERC.

NEP's renewable energy projects are subject to the mandatory reliability standards of the NERC. The NERC reliability standards are a series of requirements that relate to maintaining the reliability of the North American bulk electric system and cover a wide variety of topics, including, but not limited to, physical and cybersecurity of critical assets, information protocols, frequency response and voltage standards, testing, documentation and outage management. If NEP fails to comply with these standards, NEP could be subject to sanctions, including, but not limited to, substantial monetary penalties. Although the renewable energy projects are not subject to state utility rate regulation because they sell energy exclusively on a wholesale basis, NEP is subject to other state regulations that may affect NEP's projects’ sale of energy and operations. Changes in state regulatory treatment are unpredictable and could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

The structure of the energy industry and regulation in the U.S. is currently, and may continue to be, subject to challenges and restructuring proposals. Additional regulatory approvals may be required due to changes in law or for other reasons. NEP expects the laws and regulation applicable to its business and the energy industry generally to be in a state of transition for the foreseeable future. Changes in the structure of the industry or in such laws and regulations could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP does not own all of the land on which the projects in its portfolio are located and its use and enjoyment of the property may be adversely affected to the extent that there are any lienholders or land rights holders that have rights that are superior to NEP's rights or the BLM suspends its federal rights-of-way grants.

NEP does not own all of the land on which the projects in its portfolio are located and they generally are, and its future projects may be, located on land occupied under long-term easements, leases and rights-of-way. The ownership interests in the land subject to these easements, leases and rights-of-way may be subject to mortgages securing loans or other liens and other easements, lease rights and rights-of-way of third parties that were created prior to NEP's projects’ easements, leases and rights-of-way. As a result, some of NEP's projects’ rights under such easements, leases or rights-of-way may be
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subject to the rights of these third parties. While NEP performs title searches, obtains title insurance, records its interests in the real property records of the projects’ localities and enters into non-disturbance agreements to protect itself against these risks, such measures may be inadequate to protect against all risk that NEP's rights to use the land on which its projects are or will be located and its projects’ rights to such easements, leases and rights-of-way could be lost or curtailed. Additionally, NEP operations located on properties owned by others are subject to termination for violation of the terms and conditions of the various easements, leases or rights-of-way under which such operations are conducted.

Further, NEP's activities conducted under federal rights-of-way grants are subject to “immediate temporary suspension” of unspecified duration, at any time, at the discretion of the BLM. A suspension of NEP activities within a federal right-of-way may be issued by the BLM to protect public health or safety or the environment. An order to suspend NEP activities may be issued by the BLM prior to an administrative proceeding. Such an order may be issued verbally or in writing, and may require immediate compliance by NEP. Any violation of such an order could result in the loss or curtailment of NEP's rights to use any federal land on which its projects are or will be located.

Any such loss or curtailment of NEP's rights to use the land on which its projects are or will be located as a result of any lienholders or leaseholders that have rights that are superior to NEP's rights or the BLM’s suspension of its federal rights-of-way grants could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders. In certain instances, rights-of-way may be subordinate to the rights of government agencies, which could result in costs or interruptions to NEP's service. Restrictions on NEP's ability to use rights-of-way could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP is subject to risks associated with litigation or administrative proceedings.

NEP is subject to risks and costs, including, but not limited to, potential negative publicity and reputational damage, associated with litigation and administrative proceedings, including without limitation, those that may contest the operation, construction or repowering of its projects. The impacts of defending, or failing to prevail in, any such proceeding, regardless of the merits, may be material to NEP and harm its reputation.

NEP is subject to, and may also become subject to additional, claims based on alleged negative health effects related to acoustics, shadow flicker or other claims associated with wind turbines from individuals who live near NEP's projects. Any such legal proceedings or disputes could materially increase the costs associated with NEP's operations. In addition, NEP may become subject to legal proceedings or claims contesting the operation, construction or repowering of NEP's projects. Any such legal proceedings or disputes could materially delay NEP's ability to complete construction or repowering of a project in a timely manner, or at all, or materially increase the costs associated with commencing or continuing a project’s commercial operations. Any settlement of claims or unfavorable outcomes or developments relating to these proceedings or disputes, such as judgments for monetary damages, penalties, injunctions or denial or revocation of permits, could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP is subject to risks associated with its ownership interests in projects that it identifies for repowering, which could result in its inability to complete construction at those projects on time or at all, and make those projects too expensive to complete or cause the return on an investment to be less than expected.

NEP from time to time pursues renewable energy projects and in the future may have interests in projects that have not yet commenced operations or are under construction. There may be delays or unexpected developments in completing any future construction projects, which could cause the construction costs of these projects to exceed NEP's expectations, result in substantial delays or prevent the project from commencing commercial operations. Various factors could contribute to construction-cost overruns, construction halts or delays or failure to commence commercial operations, including:

delays in obtaining, or the inability to obtain, necessary permits and licenses;
delays and increased costs related to the interconnection of new projects to the transmission system;
the inability to acquire or maintain land use and access rights;
the failure to receive contracted third-party services;
interruptions to dispatch at the projects;
supply chain disruptions, including as a result of changes in international trade laws, regulations, agreements, treaties, taxes, tariffs, duties or policies of the U.S. or other countries in which NEP's suppliers are located;
work stoppages;
labor disputes;
weather interferences;
unforeseen engineering, environmental and geological problems, including, but not limited to, discoveries of contamination, protected plant or animal species or habitat, archaeological or cultural resources or other environment-related factors;
unanticipated cost overruns in excess of budgeted contingencies; and
failure of contracting parties, including suppliers, to perform under contracts.

In addition, if NEP or one of its subsidiaries has an agreement for a third party to complete construction of any project, NEP is subject to the viability and performance of the third party. NEP's inability to find a replacement contracting party, if the original contracting party has failed to perform, could result in the abandonment of the construction of such project, while NEP could remain obligated under other agreements associated with the project, including, but not limited to, offtake power sales agreements.

Any of these risks could cause NEP's financial returns on these investments to be lower than expected or otherwise delay or prevent the completion of such projects or distribution of cash to NEP, or could cause NEP to operate below expected capacity or availability levels, which could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Contract Risks

NEP relies on a limited number of customers and is exposed to the risk that they may be unwilling or unable to fulfill their contractual obligations to NEP or that they otherwise terminate their agreements with NEP.

In most instances, NEP sells the energy generated by each of its renewable energy projects to a single PPA counterparty under a long-term PPA. Further, through NEP's pipeline investment, natural gas is transported under long-term natural gas transportation agreements with a limited number of counterparties. NEP's equity method investees also have contracts with a limited number of counterparties.

NEP expects that its existing and future contracts will be the principal source of cash flows available to make distributions to its unitholders. Thus, the actions of even one customer may cause variability of NEP’s revenue, financial results and cash flows that are difficult to predict. Similarly, significant
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portions of NEP’s credit risk may be concentrated among a limited number of customers and the failure of even one of these key customers to fulfill its contractual obligations to NEP could significantly impact NEP's business and financial results. Any or all of NEP's customers may fail to fulfill their obligations under their contracts with NEP, whether as a result of the occurrence of any of the factors listed below or otherwise.

Specified events beyond NEP's control or the control of a customer may temporarily or permanently excuse the customer from its obligation to accept and pay for delivery of energy generated by a project. These events could include, among other things, a system emergency, transmission failure or curtailment, adverse weather conditions or labor disputes.
Certain of NEP’s customers have been impacted by wildfires in California and have been or could be subject to significant liability which have had or could be expected to have a significant impact on their financial condition.
The ability of NEP's customers to fulfill their contractual obligations to NEP depends on their financial condition. NEP is exposed to the credit risk of its customers over an extended period of time due to the long-term nature of NEP's contracts with them. These customers could become subject to insolvency or liquidation proceedings or otherwise suffer a deterioration of their financial condition when they have not yet paid for services delivered, any of which could result in underpayment or nonpayment under such agreements.
A default or failure by NEP to satisfy minimum energy requirements or mechanical availability levels under NEP's agreements could result in damage payments to the applicable customer or termination of the applicable agreement.

If NEP's customers are unwilling or unable to fulfill their contractual obligations to NEP, or if they otherwise terminate such contracts, NEP may not be able to recover contractual payments due to NEP. Since the number of customers that purchase wholesale bulk energy or require the transportation of natural gas is limited, NEP or its pipeline investment may be unable to find a new customer on similar or otherwise acceptable terms or at all. In some cases, there currently is no economical alternative counterparty to the original customer. The loss of, or a reduction in sales to, any of NEP's customers could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP or its pipeline investment may not be able to extend, renew or replace expiring or terminated PPAs, natural gas transportation agreements or other customer contracts at favorable rates or on a long-term basis.

NEP's or its pipeline investment's ability to extend, renew or replace its existing PPAs, natural gas transportation agreements or other customer contracts depends on a number of factors beyond its control, including, but not limited to:

whether the PPA counterparty has a continued need for energy at the time of the agreement’s expiration, which could be affected by, among other things, the presence or absence of governmental incentives or mandates, prevailing market prices, and the availability of other energy sources;
the amount of commercial natural gas supply available to its pipeline investment's systems and changing natural gas supply flow patterns in North America;
the satisfactory performance of NEP's and its pipeline investment's obligations under such PPAs, natural gas transportation agreements or other customer contracts;
the regulatory environment applicable to NEP's contractual counterparties at the time;
macroeconomic factors present at the time, such as population, business trends, international trade laws, regulations, agreements, treaties or policies of the U.S. or other countries and related energy demand; and
the effects of regulation on the contracting practices of NEP's contractual counterparties.

If NEP is not able to extend, renew or replace on acceptable terms existing PPAs before contract expiration, or if such agreements are otherwise terminated prior to their expiration, NEP may be required to sell the energy on an uncontracted basis at prevailing market prices, which could be materially lower than under the applicable contract. If there is no satisfactory market for a project’s uncontracted energy, NEP may decommission the project before the end of its useful life. Any failure to extend, renew or replace a significant portion of NEP's or its pipeline investment's existing PPAs, natural gas transportation agreements or other customer contracts, or extending, renewing or replacing them at lower prices or with other unfavorable terms, or the decommissioning of a project could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

If the energy production by or availability of NEP's renewable energy projects is less than expected, they may not be able to satisfy minimum production or availability obligations under their PPAs.

NEP's energy production or its renewable energy projects’ availability could be less than expected due to various factors, including, but not limited to, wind or solar conditions, natural disasters, equipment underperformance, operational issues, changes in law or regulations or actions taken by third parties. The PPAs contain provisions that require NEP to produce a minimum amount of energy or be available a minimum percentage of time over periods specified in the PPAs. A failure to produce sufficient energy or to be sufficiently available to meet NEP's commitments under its PPAs could result in the payment of damages or the termination of PPAs and could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Acquisition Risks

NEP's ability to acquire assets involves risks.

NEP's ability to acquire contracted clean energy projects, including partial ownership interests, that are either operational or under construction, from NEER and third parties involves risks and requires NEP to identify attractive acquisitions that can provide positive cash flows. Such acquisitions may not be available to NEP on acceptable terms or at all. Various factors could affect the availability of such acquisitions, including, but not limited to, the following factors and those described in more detail in the additional risk factors below:

competing bids for a project from companies that may have substantially greater purchasing power, capital or other resources or a greater willingness to accept lower returns or more risk than NEP does;
a failure to agree to commercially reasonable financial or legal terms with sellers with respect to any proposed acquisitions;
fewer acquisition opportunities than NEP expects, which could result from, among other things, available projects having less desirable economic returns or higher risk profiles than NEP believes suitable for its acquisition strategy and future growth;
NEP's inability to obtain financing for acquisitions on economically acceptable terms;
NEP's failure to successfully complete construction of and finance projects, to the extent that it decides to acquire projects that are not yet operational or to otherwise pursue construction activities with respect to new projects;
NEP's inability to obtain regulatory approvals or other necessary consents to consummate an acquisition; and
the presence or potential presence of:
pollution, contamination or other wastes at the project site;
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protected plant or animal species;
archaeological or cultural resources;
wind waking or solar shadowing effects caused by neighboring activities, which reduce potential energy production by decreasing wind speeds or reducing available insolation;
land use restrictions and other environment-related siting factors; and
local opposition to wind and solar projects in certain markets due to concerns about noise, health, environmental or other alleged impacts of such projects.

Any of these above factors could limit NEP's acquisition opportunities and prevent it from executing, or diminish its ability to execute, its acquisition strategy. Additionally, factors could materially and adversely impact the extent to which suitable acquisition opportunities are made available from NEER, including, but not limited to, NEER's financial position, the risk profile of an opportunity, the fit with NEP's operations and other factors. Furthermore, as NEER's ownership interest in NEP is reduced, NEER may be less willing to sell projects to NEP. An inability by NEP to identify, or a failure by NEER to make available, suitable acquisition opportunities could hinder NEP's growth and materially adversely impact its business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP may not be able to successfully consummate future acquisitions, whether from NEER or third parties. Any acquisition that may be available to NEP may necessitate that it be able to access the debt and equity markets. However, NEP may be unable to access such markets on satisfactory terms or at all. Furthermore, even if NEP does consummate acquisitions that NEP believes will be accretive, such acquisitions may cause a decrease in cash distributions per common unit as a result of incorrect assumptions in NEP's evaluation of such acquisitions or unforeseen consequences or other external events beyond its control. Acquisitions involve numerous risks, including, but not limited to, difficulties in integrating acquired businesses and unexpected costs and liabilities. Any of the events described above could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Reductions in demand for natural gas in the U.S. and low market prices of natural gas could materially adversely affect NEP's pipeline investment's operations and cash flows.

The price of natural gas fluctuates in response to changes in supply and demand, market uncertainty and additional factors that are beyond NEP's control. These factors include worldwide economic conditions; weather conditions and seasonal trends; the levels of domestic natural gas production and consumer demand; fluctuations in demand from electric power generators and industrial customers; the availability of imported liquid natural gas (LNG); the ability to export LNG; the availability of transportation systems with adequate capacity; the volatility and uncertainty of regional pricing differences; the price and availability of alternative fuels; the effect of energy efficiency and conservation measures; the nature and extent of governmental regulation and taxation; worldwide political events, including, but not limited to, actions taken by foreign natural gas producing nations and changes in international trade laws, regulations, agreements, treaties or policies of the U.S. or other countries; and the anticipated future prices of natural gas, LNG and other commodities. These events are beyond NEP's control. Lower overall economic output could reduce the volume of natural gas transported or gathered. Transmission revenues could be affected by long-term economic declines which could result in the non-renewal of long-term contracts. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Government laws, regulations and policies providing incentives and subsidies for clean energy could be changed, reduced or eliminated at any time and such changes may negatively impact NEP and its ability to make acquisitions.

NEP's business, including NEP's ability to acquire clean energy projects, partly depends on current laws, regulations and policies that promote and support clean energy and enhance the economic viability of owning clean energy projects. Clean energy projects currently benefit from various U.S. federal, state and local governmental incentives, such as PTCs, ITCs, loan guarantees, RPS, MACRS for depreciation and other incentives, accelerated cost recovery deductions and other commercially oriented incentives. These laws, regulations and policies, such as the IRA, have had a significant impact on the development of clean energy and they could be changed, reduced or eliminated at any time. These incentives make the development of clean energy projects more competitive by providing tax credits or grants and accelerated depreciation for a portion of the development costs, decreasing the costs and risks associated with developing such projects or creating demand for renewable energy assets through RPS programs. The elimination of, loss of or reduction in such incentives, including qualifications for renewable energy tax credits, or the imposition of additional taxes, tariffs, duties or other assessments on clean energy or the equipment necessary to generate or deliver it, such as policies in place that limit certain imports from China and other Southeast Asian countries, could decrease the attractiveness of clean energy projects to developers, including, but not limited to, NEE, which could reduce NEP's acquisition opportunities. Such an elimination, loss or reduction could also reduce NEP's willingness to pursue or develop certain renewable energy projects due to higher operating costs or decreased revenues under its PPAs.

If these laws, regulations and policies are not continued or renewed, the market for future renewable energy PPAs may be smaller and the prices for future clean energy PPAs may be lower. If laws, regulations or policies limit the availability or transferability of the PTC or the ITC, the projects could generate reduced revenues and reduced economic returns, experience increased financing costs and encounter difficulty obtaining financing on acceptable terms.

Additionally, some states with RPS targets have met, or in the near future will meet, their renewable energy targets. If, as a result of achieving these targets, these and other U.S. states do not increase their targets in the near future, demand for additional renewable energy could decrease. To the extent other states decrease their RPS targets, programs or goals, demand for renewable energy could decrease in the future. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP's ability to acquire projects depends on the availability of projects developed by NEE and third parties, which face risks related to project siting, financing, construction, permitting, the environment, governmental approvals and the negotiation of project development agreements.

Project development is a capital intensive business that relies heavily on the availability of debt and equity financing sources to fund projected construction and other capital expenditures. As a result, in order to successfully develop a project, development companies, including, but not limited to, other affiliates of NEE, must obtain sufficient financing to complete the development phase of their projects. Any significant disruption in the credit and capital markets or a significant increase in interest rates could make it difficult for development companies to raise funds when needed to secure capital financing, which would limit a project’s ability to complete the construction of a project that NEP may seek to acquire.

Project developers, including, but not limited to, other affiliates of NEE, develop, construct, manage, own and operate clean energy generation facilities and energy transmission facilities. A key component of their businesses is their ability to construct and operate generation and transmission facilities to meet customer needs. As part of these activities, project developers must periodically apply for licenses and permits from various regulatory authorities and abide by their respective conditions and requirements. If project developers, including, but not limited to, other affiliates of NEE, are unsuccessful in obtaining necessary licenses or permits on acceptable terms or encounter delays in obtaining or renewing such licenses or permits, or if regulatory
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authorities initiate any associated investigations or enforcement actions or impose penalties or reject projects, the potential number of projects that may be available for NEP to acquire may be reduced or potential transaction opportunities may be delayed.

If the challenges of developing projects increase for project developers, including, but not limited to, other affiliates of NEE, NEP's pool of available opportunities may be limited, which could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Acquisitions of existing clean energy projects involve numerous risks.

The acquisition of existing clean energy projects involves numerous risks, including, but not limited to, exposure to existing liabilities and unanticipated post-acquisition costs associated with the pre-acquisition activities by the project, difficulty in integrating the acquired projects into NEP's business and, if the projects are in new markets, the risks of entering markets where NEP has limited experience. Additionally, NEP risks overpaying for such projects or not making acquisitions on an accretive basis. Although NEP performs due diligence on prospective acquisitions, NEP may not discover all potential risks, operational issues or other issues in such projects. Further, the integration and consolidation of acquisitions require substantial human, financial and other resources and, ultimately, NEP's acquisitions may divert NEP's management’s attention from its existing business concerns, disrupt its ongoing business or not be successfully integrated. Future acquisitions might not perform as expected or the returns from such acquisitions might not support the financing utilized to acquire or maintain them. A failure to achieve the financial returns NEP expects when NEP acquires clean energy projects could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP may acquire assets that use other renewable energy technologies and may acquire other types of assets. Any such acquisition may present unforeseen challenges and result in a competitive disadvantage relative to NEP's more-established competitors.

NEP may acquire assets that use other renewable energy technologies, and it may acquire other types of assets, including, but not limited to, transmission projects and instruments relating to renewable energy. NEP may be unable to identify attractive renewable energy or transmission acquisition opportunities or acquire such projects or assets at prices and on terms that are attractive. In addition, the consummation of such acquisitions could expose NEP to increased operating costs, unforeseen liabilities and additional risks including, but not limited to, regulatory and environmental issues associated with entering new sectors of the energy industry. This could require a disproportionate amount of NEP's management’s attention and resources, which could have an adverse impact on NEP's business and place NEP at a competitive disadvantage relative to energy market participants more experienced with new technologies and asset classes. A failure to successfully integrate such acquisitions as a result of unforeseen operational difficulties or otherwise, could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Certain agreements which NEP or its subsidiaries are parties to have provisions which may preclude NEP from engaging in specified change of control and similar transactions.

The indebtedness, financing and other agreements of NEP and its subsidiaries, including the agreements under which the noncontrolling Class B investors own membership interests in certain NEP subsidiaries, contain provisions that may trigger acceleration of indebtedness or specified payment obligations of NEP or its subsidiaries upon or in connection with specified transactions, including specified change of control and similar transactions. Because these provisions may materially increase the capital NEP may need to expend to complete such a transaction, these provisions may preclude NEP from pursuing or consummating such transactions and limit the types of transactions NEP is able to consummate.

NEP faces substantial competition primarily from regulated utility holding companies, developers, IPPs, pension funds and private equity funds for opportunities in North America.

NEP believes its primary competitors for opportunities in North America are regulated utility holding companies, developers, IPPs, pension funds and private equity funds. NEP competes with these companies to acquire projects with projected stable cash flows. NEP also competes for personnel with requisite industry knowledge and experience. Furthermore, the industry has experienced and may experience volatile demand for wind turbines, solar panels, pipeline equipment and related components. If demand for this equipment increases, suppliers may give priority to other market participants, including, but not limited to, NEP's competitors, who may have greater resources than NEP. An inability to effectively compete with regulated utility holding companies, developers, IPPs, pension funds and private equity funds for opportunities in North America could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial conditions, results of operations and its ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

The natural gas pipeline industry is highly competitive, and increased competitive pressure could adversely affect NEP's pipeline investment.

NEP's pipeline investment competes with other energy midstream enterprises, some of which are much larger and have significantly greater financial resources and operating experience in its areas of operation. The pipeline investment’s competitors may expand or construct infrastructure that competes with the services it provides to customers. The ability to renew or replace existing contracts with the pipeline investment’s customers at rates sufficient to maintain current revenues and cash flows could be adversely affected by the activities of its competitors and customers. All of these competitive pressures could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Risks Related to NEP's Financial Activities

NEP may not be able to access sources of capital on commercially reasonable terms.

NEP needs to be able to access capital on commercially reasonable terms when acquisitions, other growth opportunities or capital needs arise. NEP’s ability to access capital on commercially reasonable terms is dependent on, among other factors, the overall state of the capital markets and investor appetite for investment in clean energy projects in general and in NEP's, NEP OpCo's or their subsidiaries' securities or securities convertible into, or settleable with, NEP common units in particular. Investor demand for securities of NEP or securities convertible into, or settleable with, NEP common units may be impacted by, among other factors, the amount of securities outstanding that are convertible into, or settleable with, NEP common units, the possibility of further sales of such securities, the amount and timing of any issuance of NEP common units or the payment of cash in lieu of NEP common units upon conversion or settlement, and any subsequent sales of such units by investors. Disruptions, uncertainty or volatility in those capital and credit markets, related to, among other factors, inflation, rising interest rates, geopolitical events and declining investor sentiment in NEP and the renewable energy industry, has increased and could continue to adversely impact NEP's cost of capital and affect its ability to fund its liquidity and capital needs including, without limitation, its ability to pay debt and buy out securities, such as noncontrolling Class B memberships interests in certain NEP subsidiaries. An inability to obtain financing on commercially reasonable terms could also significantly limit NEP’s ability to consummate future acquisitions and pursue other growth opportunities. In addition, the issuance of NEP common units and securities convertible into, or settleable with, NEP common units could cause significant common unitholder dilution and reduce the cash distribution per common unit. Issuances of additional securities, or the possibility that these issuances may occur, including following the conversion or settlement of securities convertible into, or settleable with, NEP common units, could make it more difficult for NEP to sell NEP common units, or securities convertible into, or settleable with, NEP common units, in the future, as
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well as affect NEP's decision whether and when to issue common units to purchase previously issued securities of NEP OpCo subsidiaries that are or may be settleable with NEP common units.

Furthermore, there may not be sufficient availability under NEP OpCo’s direct subsidiary's revolving credit facility or the ability to obtain other financing arrangements on commercially reasonable terms when acquisition or other growth opportunities or capital needs arise. An inability to obtain the required or desired financing could significantly limit NEP's ability to consummate acquisitions and pursue other growth opportunities. If financing is available, it may be available only on terms that could significantly increase NEP's interest expense, impose additional or more restrictive covenants and reduce cash distributions to its unitholders. Any of the circumstances described above could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Restrictions in NEP and its subsidiaries' financing agreements could adversely affect NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP and its subsidiaries have entered into financing agreements which contain various covenants and restrictive provisions and certain financial ratios that may limit their ability to, among other things:

incur or guarantee additional debt;
make distributions on or redeem or repurchase common units;
make certain investments and acquisitions;
incur certain liens or permit them to exist;
enter into certain types of transactions with affiliates;
merge or consolidate with another company; and
transfer, sell or otherwise dispose of projects.

Certain of the financing agreements also contain covenants requiring NEP OpCo and its subsidiaries to maintain certain financial ratios, including, but not limited to, as a condition to making cash distributions to NEP and its other unitholders. NEP OpCo's and its subsidiaries' ability to meet those financial ratios can be affected by events beyond NEP's control, and NEP OpCo may be unable to meet those ratios and tests and, therefore, may be unable to make cash distributions to its unitholders, including, but not limited to, NEP. As a result, NEP may be unable to make distributions to its unitholders. In addition, the financing agreements contain events of default provisions, including, but not limited to, provisions relating to certain changes in ownership of NEP or its subsidiaries and other customary provisions.

The provisions of the financing agreements may affect NEP's ability to obtain future financing and pursue attractive business opportunities and NEP's flexibility in planning for, and reacting to, changes in business conditions. A failure to comply with the provisions of the applicable financing agreement could result in an event of default, which could enable the lenders to declare, subject to the terms and conditions of the applicable financing agreement any outstanding principal of that debt, together with accrued and unpaid interest, to be immediately due and payable and entitle lenders to enforce their security interest. If the payment of the debt is accelerated and NEP or a subsidiary fails to repay the debt, the revenue from the projects may be insufficient to repay such debt in full, the lenders could enforce their security interest and NEP's unitholders could experience a partial or total loss of their investment. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP may be unable to maintain its current credit ratings.

The inability of NEP to maintain its current credit ratings could materially adversely affect its ability to raise capital or obtain credit on commercially reasonable terms, which, in turn, could impact its ability to service indebtedness, repay or refinance borrowings and other obligations, and finance acquisitions and other growth opportunities, and would likely increase its interest costs. In addition, certain agreements and guarantee arrangements would require posting of additional collateral in the event of a ratings downgrade. Some of the factors that can affect credit ratings are cash flows, liquidity, the amount of debt as a component of total capitalization, the rating agencies' treatment of certain financing arrangements and other instruments convertible into equity. There can be no assurance that one or more of the ratings of NEP will not be lowered or withdrawn entirely by a rating agency. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP's cash distributions to its unitholders may be reduced as a result of restrictions on NEP's subsidiaries’ cash distributions to NEP under the terms of their indebtedness or other financing agreements or otherwise to address alternative business purposes.

NEP intends to pay quarterly cash distributions on all of its outstanding common units and NEP OpCo intends to pay quarterly cash distributions on its outstanding units (except for its non-economic Class B units and tax allocation Class P units). However, in any period, NEP's and NEP OpCo’s payment of cash distributions to their respective unitholders will depend on, among other things, the performance of NEP's subsidiaries and present and anticipated future cash needs of the business. The ability of NEP's subsidiaries to make distributions to NEP and NEP OpCo also may be restricted or limited by, among other things, the provisions of existing and future indebtedness or other financing agreements.

The agreements governing NEP's subsidiaries’ project-level debt contain financial tests and covenants that NEP's subsidiaries must satisfy prior to making distributions and restrict the subsidiaries from making more than one distribution per quarter or per six-month period. If any of NEP's subsidiaries is unable to satisfy these tests and covenants or is otherwise in default under such agreements, it would be prohibited from making distributions that could, in turn, affect the amount of cash distributed by NEP OpCo, and ultimately limit NEP's ability to pay cash distributions to its unitholders. Additionally, such agreements require NEP's projects to establish a number of reserves out of their revenues, including, but not limited to, reserves to service NEP OpCo's debt and reserves for O&M expenses. These cash reserves will affect the amount of cash distributed by NEP OpCo, which ultimately will affect the amount of cash distributions NEP is able to make to its unitholders. Also, upon the occurrence of certain events, including, but not limited to, NEP's subsidiaries’ inability to satisfy distribution conditions for an extended period of time, NEP's subsidiaries’ revenues may be swept into one or more accounts for the benefit of the lenders under the subsidiaries’ debt agreements and the subsidiaries may be required to prepay indebtedness.

Under certain other financing agreements, noncontrolling Class B investors own membership interests in certain NEP subsidiaries and receive a portion of the related NEP subsidiaries’ cash distributions specified in the applicable limited liability company agreements. NEP has the option (buyout right), subject to certain limitations, to purchase 100% of the noncontrolling Class B membership interests during specified periods. If NEP does not exercise the buyout rights during the specified periods because of a lack of access to capital on commercially reasonable terms or otherwise, or if NEP only partially exercises the buyout rights during the specified periods, the portion of the NEP subsidiaries’ cash distribution allocated to the noncontrolling Class B investors would significantly increase. Any increase in the portion of NEP subsidiaries’ cash distributions allocated to the noncontrolling Class B investors would reduce the amount of cash distributions allocated to NEP OpCo and NEP. Further, NEP may reserve cash that otherwise would be available for distribution to unitholders for any such buyout or other business purposes in its discretion.
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Provisions preventing or reducing NEP's subsidiaries’ cash distributions and other factors could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP's and its subsidiaries’ substantial amount of indebtedness may adversely affect NEP's ability to operate its business, and its failure to comply with the terms of its subsidiaries' indebtedness or refinance, extend or repay the indebtedness could have a material adverse effect on NEP's financial condition.

NEP's and its subsidiaries’ substantial indebtedness could have important consequences. For example,

failure to comply with the covenants in the agreements governing these obligations could result in an event of default under those agreements, which could be difficult to cure, result in bankruptcy or, with respect to subsidiary debt, result in loss of NEP OpCo's ownership interest in one or more of its subsidiaries or in some or all of their assets as a result of foreclosure;
NEP's and its subsidiaries’ debt service obligations require them to dedicate a substantial portion of their cash flow to pay principal and interest on their debt, thereby reducing, in the case of NEP's subsidiaries, their cash available for distribution to NEP and, in the case of NEP, its cash available for distribution to its unitholders;
NEP's and its subsidiaries’ substantial indebtedness could limit NEP's ability to fund operations of any projects acquired in the future and NEP's financial flexibility, which could reduce its ability to plan for and react to unexpected opportunities or challenges;
NEP's and its subsidiaries’ substantial debt service obligations make NEP vulnerable to adverse changes in general economic, credit markets, capital markets, industry, competitive conditions and government regulation that could place NEP at a disadvantage compared to competitors with less debt;
NEP's and its subsidiaries’ substantial indebtedness could limit NEP's ability to obtain financing for working capital, including, but not limited to, collateral postings, capital expenditures, debt service requirements and events of default, as well as, acquisitions and general partnership or other purposes; and
NEP's and its subsidiaries' failure to repay or refinance debt at or prior to maturity could limit NEP's ability to obtain financing for working capital.

If NEP and its subsidiaries, including NEP OpCo, do not comply with their obligations under their debt instruments, they may need to refinance all or a part of their indebtedness, which they may not be able to do on similar terms or at all. Increases in interest rates, changes in debt covenants and changes in NEP's credit ratings and other factors may reduce the amounts that NEP and its subsidiaries can borrow, reduce NEP's cash flows, increase the equity investment NEP may be required to make in any projects NEP may acquire and increase the amount of equity NEP may need to issue. If NEP's subsidiaries are not otherwise able to generate sufficient cash to repay their outstanding indebtedness or are unable to comply with the terms of their indebtedness, NEP could be required to reduce overhead costs, reduce the scope of its projects, sell some or all of its projects or delay construction of projects NEP may acquire or repower, all of which could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP is exposed to risks inherent in its use of interest rate swaps.

Some of NEP's subsidiaries’ indebtedness accrues interest at variable rates, and some of its subsidiaries use interest rate swaps to try to protect against market volatility. The use of interest rate swaps, however, does not eliminate the possibility of fluctuations in the value of a position or prevent losses if the value of a position declines. Such transactions may also limit the opportunity for gain if the value of a position increases. In addition, to the extent that actively-quoted market prices and pricing information from external sources are not available, the valuation of these contracts involves judgment or the use of estimates. As a result, changes in the underlying assumptions or use of alternative valuation methods could affect the reported fair value of these contracts. If the values of these financial contracts change in a manner that NEP does not anticipate, or if a counterparty fails to perform under a contract, it could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Widespread public health crises and epidemics or pandemics may have material adverse impacts on NEP’s business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP is subject to the impacts of widespread public health crises, epidemics and pandemics, including, but not limited to, impacts on the global, national or local economy, capital and credit markets, NEP's customers and suppliers or the services NEER provides to NEP. The ultimate severity, duration and impact of public health crises, epidemics and pandemics cannot be predicted. Actions taken in response to such crises by federal, state and local government or regulatory agencies may impact NEP’s ability to access capital and could have a material adverse impact on NEP's business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Risks Related to NEP's Relationship with NEE

NEE has influence over NEP.

Under NEP’s partnership agreement, the board oversees and directs the operations and policies of NEP and exercises management oversight over NEP. At each annual meeting, four of NEP’s seven directors will be elected by NEP’s limited partners. Three directors will be appointed by NEP GP, in its sole discretion. The directors appointed by NEP GP will be, and one director elected by holders of NEP’s common units may be, officers or employees of NEE or its affiliates. In addition, NEE holds voting power over certain matters that require NEP unitholder approval. NEE Management, pursuant to the terms of the MSA, will designate the officers of NEP so long as NEE or one of its affiliates is the manager under the MSA.

The attorneys, independent accountants and others who perform services for NEP will be selected by the board, which may be affiliated with NEE, or its conflicts committee and may perform services for NEE or its affiliates. NEP may retain separate counsel for itself or the holders of common units in the event of a conflict of interest between NEE and its affiliates, on the one hand, and NEP or the holders of common units, on the other, depending on the nature of the conflict. NEP does not intend to do so in most cases.

Under the CSCS agreement, NEP receives credit support from NEE and its affiliates. NEP's subsidiaries may default under contracts or become subject to cash sweeps if credit support is terminated, if NEE or its affiliates fail to honor their obligations under credit support arrangements, or if NEE or another credit support provider ceases to satisfy creditworthiness requirements, and NEP will be required in certain circumstances to reimburse NEE for draws that are made on credit support.

Under the CSCS agreement, guarantees and letters of credit have been provided by NEECH, NEER and other NEE affiliates to counterparties on behalf of NEP's subsidiaries to satisfy NEP's subsidiaries’ contractual obligations to provide credit support, including, but not limited to, under PPAs. These NEE affiliates also have provided credit support to lenders to fund reserve accounts. NEP expects NEECH, NEER and other NEE affiliates, upon NEP's request and at NEER’s option, to provide credit support on behalf of any projects NEP may acquire in the future on similar terms but they are under no obligation to
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do so. Any failure of NEP's subsidiaries to maintain acceptable credit support or credit support providers to honor their obligations under their respective credit support arrangements could cause, among other things, events of default to arise under NEP's subsidiaries’ PPAs and financing agreements. Such events of default could entitle customers to terminate their contracts with NEP's subsidiaries or could entitle lenders to accelerate indebtedness owed to them, which could result in the insolvency of NEP's subsidiaries. In addition, if beneficiaries draw on credit support provided by NEECH, NEER and these other NEE affiliates, then NEP OpCo may be required to reimburse them for the amounts drawn, which could reduce NEP OpCo’s cash distributions. These events could decrease NEP's revenues, restrict distributions from its subsidiaries, or result in a sale of or foreclosure on its assets. Further, NEE affiliates may not provide credit support in respect of new projects on the same terms on which they currently provide credit support for NEP’s existing projects, which may require NEP to obtain credit support from third parties on less favorable terms and may prevent NEP from acquiring additional projects. All of the foregoing events, including, but not limited to, a failure of NEP OpCo to have sufficient funds to satisfy its reimbursement obligations, could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEER and certain of its affiliates are permitted to borrow funds received by NEP OpCo or its subsidiaries and is obligated to return these funds only as needed to cover project costs and distributions or as demanded by NEP OpCo. NEP's financial condition and ability to make distributions to its unitholders, as well as its ability to grow distributions in the future, is highly dependent on NEER’s performance of its obligations to return all or a portion of these funds.

NEER and certain of its affiliates are permitted to withdraw funds received by NEP OpCo under the CSCS agreement, or NEP OpCo's subsidiaries in connection with certain long-term debt agreements, and hold them in an account of NEER or its affiliates to the extent the funds are not required to pay project costs or otherwise required to be retained by NEP's subsidiaries, until the financing agreements permit distributions to be made, or, in the case of NEP OpCo, until such funds are required to make distributions or to pay expenses or other operating costs or NEP OpCo otherwise demands the return of such funds. If NEER or one of its affiliates realizes any earnings on the withdrawn funds prior to the return of such funds, it will be permitted to retain those earnings except as otherwise agreed upon with NEP OpCo. The failure of NEER to return funds to NEP's subsidiaries for any reason could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEER's right of first refusal may adversely affect NEP's ability to consummate future sales or to obtain favorable sale terms.

NEP and NEP OpCo have entered into a ROFR agreement with NEER granting NEER and its subsidiaries (other than NEP OpCo and its subsidiaries) a right of first refusal on any proposed sale of any of the NEP OpCo ROFR assets. The obligations of NEP OpCo under the ROFR agreement may discourage a third party from pursuing a transaction with NEP OpCo. Even if such third party is able to acquire the applicable asset, NEP OpCo’s compliance with its obligations under the ROFR agreement could result in delays and transaction costs, as well as a reduced sales price. In addition, since the number of third parties willing to make an offer for a NEP OpCo ROFR asset may be limited due to the ROFR agreement, NEP OpCo may consummate the sale of any NEP OpCo ROFR asset on less favorable terms, or may not be able to sell such asset, which could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP GP and its affiliates may have conflicts of interest with NEP and have limited duties to NEP and its unitholders.

The board will appoint officers of NEP (including its chief executive officer) designated by the manager in accordance with the terms of the MSA. As a result, all of NEP’s executive officers could be, and currently are, officers of NEE or one of its affiliates. NEP’s partnership agreement provides contractual standards governing the duties of directors and officers, and directors and officers will not have fiduciary duties to NEP or its unitholders. Conflicts of interest exist and may arise as a result of the relationships between NEE and the directors and officers of NEP affiliated with NEE, on the one hand, and NEP and NEP's limited partners, on the other hand. To the extent any directors or officers of NEP are also officers of NEE, such directors and officers will have fiduciary duties to NEE but not to NEP, and the interests of NEE and NEP may be different or in conflict. In resolving such conflicts of interest, the directors and officers of NEP affiliated with NEE may favor NEE's interests and the interests of NEE's affiliates over the interests of NEP and its unitholders. These conflicts include the following situations, among others:

No agreement requires NEE or its affiliates to pursue a business strategy that favors NEP or uses NEP's projects or dictates what markets to pursue or grow.
NEE and its affiliates are not limited in their ability to compete with NEP, and neither NEP GP nor its affiliates have any obligation to present business opportunities to NEP.
So long as the officers of NEP are officers of NEE or its affiliates, they will also devote significant time to the business of NEE or its affiliates and will be compensated by NEE or its affiliates.
The board may cause NEP to borrow funds in order to permit the payment of cash distributions, even if the purpose or effect of the borrowing is to settle payment obligations to NEE.
NEP's partnership agreement replaces the fiduciary duties that would otherwise be owed by NEP GP and the directors and officers of NEP with contractual standards governing their duties and limits NEP GP’s and such directors’ and officers' liabilities and the remedies available to NEP's unitholders for actions that, without these limitations, might constitute breaches of fiduciary duty under applicable Delaware law.
Except in limited circumstances, the board has the power and authority to conduct NEP's business without the approval of NEP GP or NEP's unitholders.
Actions taken by the board may affect the amount of cash available to pay distributions to NEP's unitholders.
NEP GP has limited liability regarding NEP's contractual and other obligations.
The board controls the exercise of the rights of NEP against NEE and its affiliates, and the enforcement of the obligations that NEE and its affiliates owe to NEP.

As a result of the overlapping nature of the management of NEP and NEE and its affiliates, effectively managing these actual, perceived and potential conflicts may require substantial attention, and there is no assurance that all relevant actual, perceived or potential conflicts will be identified or that such conflicts will be adequately addressed. A decision by NEP GP or the board to favor its own interests or the interests of NEE over NEP's interests and the interests of its unitholders could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP GP and its affiliates and the directors and officers of NEP are not restricted in their ability to compete with NEP, whose business is subject to certain restrictions.

NEP’s partnership agreement provides that its general partner is restricted from engaging in any business activities other than acting as NEP GP and those activities incidental to its ownership of interests in NEP. Affiliates of NEP GP, including, but not limited to, NEE and its other subsidiaries, are not prohibited from owning projects or engaging in businesses that compete directly or indirectly with NEP. NEE currently holds interests in, and may make investments in and purchases of, entities that acquire, own and operate clean energy projects. NEER is under no obligation to make any acquisition
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opportunities available to NEP. In addition, pursuant to NEP’s partnership agreement, its subsidiaries generally will not have any power or authority to solicit, review, respond to or otherwise participate in certain activities or lines of business.

Under the terms of NEP’s partnership agreement, the doctrine of corporate opportunity, or any analogous doctrine, does not apply to NEP GP and its affiliates, including, but not limited to, NEE or to NEP's directors or officers. Any such person or entity that becomes aware of a potential transaction, agreement, arrangement or other matter that may be an opportunity for NEP will not have any duty to communicate or offer such opportunity to NEP. Any such person or entity will not be liable to NEP or to any limited partner for breach of any fiduciary duty or other duty by reason of the fact that such person or entity pursues or acquires such opportunity for itself, directs such opportunity to another person or entity or does not communicate such opportunity or information to NEP. This may create actual and potential conflicts of interest between NEP and affiliates of NEP GP and result in less than favorable treatment of NEP and holders of its common units. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distribution to its unitholders.

NEP may only terminate the MSA under certain limited circumstances.

The MSA provides that NEP and certain affiliates may terminate the agreement only upon 90 days' prior written notice to NEE Management under certain limited circumstances. The agreement continues until January 1, 2068 and thereafter renews for successive five-year periods unless NEP OpCo or NEE Management provides written notice to the other that it does not wish for the agreement to be renewed. If NEE Management’s performance does not meet the expectations of investors and NEP is unable to terminate the MSA, the market price of NEP's common units could suffer. In addition, even if the MSA is terminated, it may not terminate in respect of provisions relating to all fees payable to NEE Management under that agreement, which could result in NEE or its affiliates receiving payments that could otherwise be distributed to NEP's unitholders even though NEE Management would be no longer obligated to provide services to NEP under the MSA.

If certain agreements with NEE Management or NEER are terminated, NEP may be unable to contract with a substitute service provider on similar terms.

NEE's affiliates provide, or arrange for the provision of, administrative, O&M and construction management services under agreements with NEE Management and NEER, respectively. Any failure by NEE Management or NEER to perform their administrative, O&M and construction management services obligations or the failure by NEP to identify and contract with replacement service providers, if required, could materially impact the successful operation of its projects. Under these agreements, certain NEE employees provide services to NEP. These services are not the primary responsibility of these employees, nor are these employees required to act for NEP alone. The agreements do not require any specific individuals to be provided by NEE and NEE has the discretion to determine which of its employees perform services required to be provided to NEP.

NEE Management and NEER have agreed to provide NEP with management services under the MSA and the management sub-contract, respectively, and NEP does not have independent executive or senior management personnel. Each of the MSA and the management sub-contract, respectively, provides that NEE Management and NEER, respectively, may terminate the applicable agreement upon 180 days’ prior written notice of termination to NEP if NEP defaults in the performance or observance of any material term, condition or covenant contained in the agreement in a manner that results in material harm to NEE Management or its affiliates other than NEP or its subsidiaries, and the default continues unremedied for a period of 90 days after written notice thereof is given to NEP or upon the happening of certain specified events. If NEE Management terminates the MSA, if NEER terminates the management sub-contract or if either of them defaults in the performance of its obligations under the respective agreement, NEP may be unable to contract with a substitute service provider on similar terms, and the costs of substituting service providers may be substantial. If NEP cannot locate a service provider that is able to provide NEP with substantially similar services as NEE Management and NEER provide under the MSA and the management sub-contract, respectively, on similar terms, it would likely have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP's arrangements with NEE limit NEE’s potential liability, and NEP has agreed to indemnify NEE against claims that it may face in connection with such arrangements, which may lead NEE to assume greater risks when making decisions relating to NEP than it otherwise would if acting solely for its own account.

Under the MSA, NEE Management and its affiliates do not assume any responsibility other than to provide or arrange for the provision of the services described in the MSA in good faith. Additionally, under the MSA, the liability of NEE Management and its affiliates is limited to the fullest extent permitted by law to conduct involving bad faith, fraud, willful misconduct or recklessness or, in the case of a criminal matter, to action that was known to have been unlawful. NEP has agreed, and will cause certain affiliates to, indemnify NEE Management and its affiliates and any of their directors, officers, agents, members, partners, stockholders and employees and other representatives of NEE Management and its affiliates to the fullest extent permitted by law from and against any claims, liabilities, losses, damages, costs or expenses incurred by an indemnified person or threatened in connection with NEP's, NEP OpCo GP's, NEP OpCo's and certain affiliates' operations, investments and activities or in respect of or arising from the MSA or the services provided thereunder by NEE Management and its affiliates, except to the extent that the claims, liabilities, losses, damages, costs or expenses are determined to have resulted from the conduct in respect of which such persons have liability as described above. Additionally, the maximum amount of the aggregate liability of NEE Management or any of its affiliates in providing services under the MSA or otherwise (including, but not limited to, NEER under the management sub-contract), or of any director, officer, employee, contractor, agent, advisor or other representative of NEE Management or any of its affiliates, will be equal to the base management fee previously paid by NEP in the most recent calendar year under the MSA. These protections may result in NEE Management and its affiliates tolerating greater risks when making decisions than otherwise would be the case, including, but not limited to, when determining whether to use leverage in connection with acquisitions. The indemnification arrangements to which NEE Management and its affiliates are a party may also give rise to legal claims for indemnification, which could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Risks Related to Ownership of NEP's Units

NEP's ability to make distributions to its unitholders depends on the ability of NEP OpCo to make cash distributions to its limited partners.

NEP's cash flow is generated from distributions NEP receives from NEP OpCo, which will consist primarily of cash distributions that NEP OpCo has received from its subsidiaries. The amount of cash that NEP OpCo’s subsidiaries will be able to distribute to NEP OpCo each quarter principally depends upon the amount of cash such subsidiaries generate from their operations and investments. NEP OpCo may not have sufficient available cash each quarter to continue paying distributions at its current level or at all. If NEP OpCo reduces its per unit distribution, because of reduced operating cash flow, higher expenses, capital requirements or otherwise, NEP will have less cash to distribute to its unitholders and would likely be required to reduce its per common unit distribution.

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The amount of cash that NEP OpCo generates from its operations will fluctuate from quarter to quarter based on such things as the amount of power generated from its projects and the amount of natural gas transported in its pipeline investment, and the prices received therefor; its operating and capital costs; payment of interest and principal amortization, which depends on the amount of its indebtedness and the interest payable thereon; and the ability of NEP OpCo’s subsidiaries to distribute cash under their respective financing agreements.

In addition, the amount of cash that NEP OpCo will have available for distribution will depend on factors, some of which are beyond its control, such as:

the amount of cash reserves established by NEP OpCo GP, NEP OpCo’s general partner, for the proper conduct of partnership business, including for the payment of debt and other obligations and capital needs (such as the exercise of buyout rights) as they come due or arise;
timing and collectability of receivables;
fluctuations in its working capital needs;
availability of borrowings under its subsidiaries' credit facility to pay distributions; and
access to credit or capital markets.

Because of these factors, NEP OpCo may not have sufficient available cash each quarter to pay a quarterly distribution per common unit or any other amount. Furthermore, the amount of cash that NEP OpCo has available for distribution depends primarily upon its cash flow, including, but not limited to, cash flow from financial reserves and working capital borrowings, and is not solely a function of profitability, which will be affected by non-cash items. As a result, NEP OpCo may be able to make cash distributions during periods when it records net losses and may not be able to make cash distributions during periods when it records net income, which would limit the amount of distributions NEP is able to make to its unitholders.

If NEP incurs material tax liabilities, NEP's distributions to its unitholders may be reduced, without any corresponding reduction in the amount of the IDR fee, which is currently suspended.

The IDR fee, which is currently suspended, is an expense of NEP OpCo that reduces the amount of cash distributions by NEP OpCo to NEP OpCo's unitholders, including NEP. The IDR fee is not reduced for NEP's income tax liabilities. Instead, NEP must use the cash proceeds of any distributions NEP receives from NEP OpCo to satisfy NEP's income tax liabilities. Any such payments of income taxes by NEP will reduce the amount of cash distributions by NEP to its unitholders. As a result, if NEP incurs material income tax liabilities, NEP's distributions to its unitholders may be reduced, without any corresponding reduction in the amount of the IDR fee.

Holders of NEP’s units may be subject to voting restrictions.

Under NEP’s partnership agreement, limited partners are allowed to vote for four of the seven members of the board. Moreover, any person, together with the members of any related group, who beneficially owns 5% or more of the outstanding units will be permitted to vote not more than 5% of such outstanding units in an election or removal of certain directors. Further, if, after giving effect to the 5% limitation, any person, together with the members of any related group, still has the power to cast votes equal to or greater than 10% of the units present and actually voted on any matter (including an election or removal of certain directors), such person will be entitled to direct the voting of only the units held by such person representing not more than 9.99% of the units actually voted on such matter, and any units held by such person equal to 10% or more of such voting power will be voted proportionally with the votes cast by other unitholders on such matter. However, if such person is NEP's general partner or any of its affiliates, the 9.99% limitation on voting power applies only to the election or removal of certain directors.

NEP’s partnership agreement replaces the fiduciary duties that NEP GP and NEP’s directors and officers might have to holders of its common units with contractual standards governing their duties and the NYSE does not require a publicly traded limited partnership like NEP to comply with certain of its corporate governance requirements.

NEP’s partnership agreement contains provisions that eliminate the fiduciary standards to which NEP GP or any of NEP’s directors and officers would otherwise be held by state fiduciary duty law and replaces those standards with several different contractual standards.

For example, NEP’s partnership agreement permits the board to make some decisions in its sole discretion, free of any duties to NEP or its unitholders other than the implied contractual covenant of good faith and fair dealing (which means that a court will enforce the reasonable expectations of the partners where the language of the partnership agreement does not provide for a clear course of action). These provisions entitle the board to consider only the interests and factors that the board desires and relieves the board of any duty or obligation to give any consideration to any interest of, or factors affecting, NEP, its affiliates or NEP's limited partners.

NEP’s partnership agreement permits NEP GP to make a number of decisions in its individual capacity, as opposed to in its capacity as NEP's general partner, free of any duties to NEP or its unitholders other than the implied contractual covenant of good faith and fair dealing. These provisions entitle NEP GP and its affiliates to consider only the interests and factors that they desire and relieve them of any duty or obligation to give any consideration to any interest of, or factors affecting, NEP, its affiliates or NEP's limited partners. Examples of decisions that NEP GP and its affiliates may make in their individual capacities include:

appointment of three directors of NEP;
how to exercise voting rights with respect to the units NEP GP or its affiliates own in NEP OpCo and NEP;
whether to exchange NEP OpCo common units owned by NEE Equity for NEP common units or, with the approval of the conflicts committee, to have NEP OpCo redeem NEP OpCo common units owned by NEE Equity for cash; and
whether to consent to, among other things, NEP’s participation in certain activities or lines of business, the sale of all or substantially all of the assets of NEP, any merger, consolidation or conversion of NEP, dissolution of NEP, or an amendment to NEP OpCo’s partnership agreement.

Additionally, as NEP is a publicly traded limited partnership listed on the NYSE, it is not required to have, and it does not currently have, a majority of independent directors on the board and is not required to establish a compensation committee or a nominating and corporate governance committee.

NEP’s partnership agreement restricts the remedies available to holders of NEP's common units for actions taken by NEP’s directors or NEP GP that might otherwise constitute breaches of fiduciary duties.

NEP’s partnership agreement contains provisions that restrict the remedies available to its unitholders for actions taken by NEP’s directors or NEP GP that might otherwise constitute breaches of fiduciary duties under state law. For example, NEP’s partnership agreement provides that:

whenever NEP GP or the board, or any director or any committee of the board (including, but not limited to, the conflicts committee), makes a determination or takes, or declines to take, any other action in its respective capacity, they are required to act in good faith;
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NEP GP will not have any liability to NEP or its unitholders for decisions made in its capacity as a general partner so long as such decisions are made in good faith;
NEP GP and its officers and directors and the officers and directors of NEP will not be liable for monetary damages to NEP or NEP's limited partners resulting from any act or omission unless there has been a final and non-appealable judgment entered by a court of competent jurisdiction determining such persons acted in bad faith or engaged in fraud or willful misconduct or, in the case of a criminal matter, acted with knowledge that the conduct was criminal; and
NEP GP and its affiliates and NEP’s directors will not be in breach of their obligations under NEP’s partnership agreement (including, but not limited to, any duties to NEP or its unitholders) if a transaction with an affiliate or the resolution of a conflict of interest is:
•    approved by the conflicts committee of the board, although the board is not obligated to seek such approval;
•    approved by the vote of a majority of the outstanding common units, excluding any common units owned by NEP GP and its affiliates if the conflict involves NEP GP or any of its affiliates;
•    determined by the board to be on terms no less favorable to NEP than those generally being provided to or available from unrelated third parties; or
•    determined by the board to be fair and reasonable to NEP, taking into account the totality of the relationships among the parties involved, including, but not limited to, other transactions that may be particularly favorable or advantageous to NEP.

In connection with a situation involving a transaction with an affiliate or a conflict of interest, any determination by NEP GP or the board, or the conflicts committee of the board, must be made in good faith. If an affiliate transaction or the resolution of a conflict of interest is not approved by NEP's unitholders or the conflicts committee and the board determines that the resolution or course of action taken with respect to the affiliate transaction or conflict of interest satisfies either of the standards set forth in the third and fourth sub-bullets above, then it will be presumed that, in making its decision, the board acted in good faith, and in any proceeding brought by or on behalf of any limited partner or NEP challenging such determination, the person bringing or prosecuting such proceeding will have the burden of overcoming such presumption.

Certain of NEP’s actions require the consent of NEP GP.

Under NEP’s partnership agreement, NEP GP's consent is required for certain actions of NEP, in addition to approval by the board or unitholders, as applicable. Because NEP GP is indirectly owned by NEE, NEE can cause NEP GP to exercise certain protective rights. NEP’s partnership agreement provides that NEP GP may grant or withhold its consent in its sole discretion. To the extent NEP GP withholds its consent, NEP unitholders and the board will be prevented from taking actions which they may consider beneficial to NEP or its unitholders.

Holders of NEP's common units currently cannot remove NEP GP without NEE’s consent and provisions in NEP's partnership agreement may discourage or delay an acquisition of NEP that NEP unitholders may consider favorable.

The vote of the holders of at least 66 2⁄3% of all outstanding common units and special voting units voting together as a single class is required to remove NEP's general partner. Further, the vote of the holders of at least a majority of all outstanding common units and special voting units voting together as a single class is required to name a new general partner of NEP. Given NEP GP and its affiliates current voting power with respect to NEP’s outstanding units, a vote to remove NEP’s general partner would currently require NEE’s consent.

In addition, certain provisions in NEP's partnership agreement, including limitations upon the ability of unitholders to make binding proposals of other business to be considered at annual meetings or to request special meetings, may discourage unitholders from attempting to remove the general partner or otherwise change NEP's management. These provisions may have the effect of limiting the ability of a third party to acquire control of NEP that might involve a premium to the market price of NEP's common units or otherwise be in the unitholders' best interests.

NEE’s interest in NEP GP and the control of NEP GP may be transferred to a third party without unitholder consent.

NEP’s partnership agreement does not restrict the ability of NEE to transfer all or a portion of its ownership interest in NEP GP to a third party. NEP’s partnership agreement also does not restrict the ability of NEP GP to issue equity securities in a public or private transaction. A new owner of all or a portion of an ownership interest in NEP GP could then be in a position to designate its own representatives to the board.

Reimbursements and fees owed to NEP GP and its affiliates for services provided to NEP or on NEP's behalf will reduce cash distributions from NEP OpCo and from NEP to NEP's unitholders, and there are no limits on the amount that NEP OpCo may be required to pay.

Under NEP OpCo’s partnership agreement, prior to making any distributions on its units, NEP OpCo will reimburse NEP GP and its affiliates, including, but not limited to, NEE, for out-of-pocket expenses they incur and payments they make on NEP's behalf and for certain payments made under credit support arrangements provided by NEER on behalf of NEP's subsidiaries. NEP OpCo will also pay certain fees and reimbursements under the MSA and the CSCS agreement prior to making any distributions on its units. The reimbursement of expenses and certain payments made under credit support arrangements and payment of fees, if any, to NEP GP and its affiliates will reduce the amount of available cash NEP OpCo has to pay cash distributions to NEP and the amount that NEP has available to pay distributions to NEP's unitholders. Under NEP OpCo’s partnership agreement, there is no limit on the fees and expense reimbursements NEP OpCo may be required to pay.

Increases in interest rates could adversely impact the price of NEP's common units, NEP's ability to issue equity or incur debt for acquisitions or other purposes and NEP's ability to make cash distributions to its unitholders.

Interest rates on future credit facilities and debt offerings could be higher than current levels, causing NEP's financing costs to increase accordingly. NEP's common unit price is impacted by the level of its cash distributions and implied distribution yield. The distribution yield is used by investors to compare yield-oriented securities for investment decision-making purposes. Therefore, changes in interest rates, either positive or negative, may affect the yield requirements of investors who invest in NEP's common units, and a rising interest rate environment or sustained high interest rates could adversely impact the price of NEP's common units, NEP's ability to issue equity or incur debt for acquisitions or other purposes and NEP's ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

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The liability of holders of NEP's units, which represent limited partnership interests in NEP, may not be limited if a court finds that unitholder action constitutes control of NEP's business.

A general partner of a limited partnership generally has unlimited liability for the obligations of the limited partnership except for those contractual obligations of the limited partnership that are expressly made without recourse to the general partner. NEP is organized under Delaware law and NEP conducts business in a number of other states. The limitations on the liability of holders of limited partnership interests for the obligations of a limited partnership have not been clearly established in some of the other states in which NEP does business. A unitholder could be liable for any and all of NEP's obligations as if the unitholder were a general partner if a court or government agency were to determine that:

NEP was conducting business in a state but had not complied with that particular state’s limited partnership statute; or
the unitholder’s right to act with other unitholders to remove or replace NEP GP, to approve some amendments to NEP's partnership agreement or to take other actions under NEP's partnership agreement constitute “control” of NEP's business.

Unitholders may have liability to repay distributions that were wrongfully distributed to them.

Under certain circumstances, unitholders may have to repay amounts wrongfully returned or distributed to them. Under Delaware law, NEP may not make a distribution to its unitholders if the distribution would cause NEP's liabilities to exceed the fair value of its assets. Delaware law provides that for a period of three years from the date of an impermissible distribution, limited partners who received the distribution and who knew at the time of the distribution that it violated Delaware law will be liable to the limited partnership for the distributed amount. Transferees of common units are liable both for the obligations of the transferor to make contributions to the partnership that were known to the transferee at the time of transfer and for those obligations that were unknown if the liabilities could have been determined from the partnership agreement. Neither liabilities to partners on account of their partnership interest nor liabilities that are non-recourse to the partnership are counted for purposes of determining whether a distribution is permitted.

The issuance of common units, or other limited partnership interests, or securities convertible into, or settleable with, common units, and any subsequent conversion or settlement, will dilute common unitholders’ ownership in NEP, may decrease the amount of cash available for distribution for each common unit, will impact the relative voting strength of outstanding NEP common units and issuance of such securities, or the possibility of issuance of such securities, as well as the resale, or possible resale following conversion or settlement, may result in a decline in the market price for NEP's common units.

NEP's partnership agreement does not limit the number of additional limited partnership interests, including, but not limited to, limited partnership interests that rank senior to the common units, which NEP may issue at any time without the approval of its unitholders.

NEP has issued and outstanding convertible notes and certain NEP OpCo subsidiaries have issued and outstanding noncontrolling Class B membership interests in their subsidiaries that may be settled in whole or in part as specified in the related limited liability company agreement, at NEP's election with NEP common units, and may issue similar securities in the future. Subject to certain limitations, the convertible notes may be converted by the holders of such notes, with NEP paying cash up to the aggregate principal amount of the notes being converted. NEP will have the option to deliver NEP common units for the remainder, if any, of NEP's conversion obligation in excess of the aggregate principal amount of the notes being converted. NEP has the option, subject to certain limitations and extensions, to purchase the noncontrolling Class B membership interests in those NEP OpCo subsidiaries. If exercised, NEP has the right to pay all or a portion of the buyout price in NEP non-voting common units (convertible into NEP common units) or NEP common units, as specified in the related limited liability company agreement, issued at the then-current market price of NEP common units, subject to certain limitations. If holders of the noncontrolling Class B membership interests, convertible notes or any convertible securities issued in the future, were to dispose of a substantial portion of these common units in the public market following such a conversion or settlement, whether in a single transaction or series of transactions, it could adversely affect the market price for NEP's common units. The holders of the noncontrolling Class B membership interests generally have certain registration rights that would facilitate such dispositions promptly and NEP cannot guarantee that these holders will not dispose of a substantial portion or all of their common units promptly upon conversion or settlement.

Any issuance of NEP common units, or other NEP limited partnership interests, securities convertible into, or settleable with, common units as well as the issuance of NEP non-voting common units or NEP common units, as the case may be, upon conversion or settlement, will or may have the following effects:

an existing common unitholder’s proportionate ownership interest in NEP may decrease;
the amount of cash distributions per common unit may decrease; and
the relative voting strength of each previously outstanding common unit may be diminished.

In addition, any issuance, or the possibility of issuance, of the securities described in the preceding sentence, as well as the resale, or possibility of resale, of NEP common units following conversion or settlement may result in a decline in the market price of NEP common units and could make it more difficult for NEP to sell NEP's common units in the future.

Taxation Risks

NEP's future tax liability may be greater than expected if NEP does not generate net operating losses (NOLs) sufficient to offset taxable income or if tax authorities challenge certain of NEP's tax positions.

Even though NEP is organized as a limited partnership under state law, NEP is treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes and thus is subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates on NEP's net taxable income. NEP expects to generate NOLs and NOL carryforwards that it can use to offset future taxable income. As a result, NEP does not expect to pay meaningful U.S. federal income tax for over 15 years. This estimate is based upon assumptions NEP has made regarding, among other things, NEP OpCo's income, capital expenditures, cash flows, net working capital and cash distributions. Further, the IRS or other tax authorities could challenge one or more tax positions NEP or NEP OpCo takes, such as the classification of assets under the income tax depreciation rules, the characterization of expenses (including, but not limited to, fees paid to NEE) for income tax purposes, the extent to which sales, use or goods and services tax applies to operations in a particular state or the availability of property tax exemptions with respect to NEP's projects. Further, any change in tax law may affect NEP's tax position, including changes in corporate income tax laws, regulations, policies and guidance, including related to the qualification for renewable energy tax credits, applicable to NEP. While NEP expects that its NOLs and NOL carryforwards will be available to NEP as a future benefit, in the event that they are not generated as expected, are successfully challenged by the IRS (in a tax audit or otherwise) or are subject to future limitations as described below, NEP's ability to realize these benefits may be limited and could have a material adverse effect on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

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NEP's federal, state or local tax positions may be challenged by the relevant tax authority. The process and costs, including, but not limited to, potential penalties for nonpayment of disputed amounts, of appealing such challenges, administratively or judicially, regardless of the merits, could be material. A reduction in NEP's expected NOLs, a limitation on NEP's ability to use such losses, or other tax attributes, such as tax credits, and future tax audits or a challenge by tax authorities to NEP's tax positions may result in a material increase in NEP's estimated future income taxes or other tax liabilities, which would negatively impact the amount of after-tax cash distributions to NEP's unitholders and its financial condition.

NEP's ability to use NOLs to offset future income may be limited.

NEP's ability to use its NOLs to offset future taxable income could be substantially limited if NEP’s unitholders that own 5% or more of NEP’s outstanding common units, as defined under Code Section 382, increase their ownership in NEP by more than 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period through, among other things, additional purchases of NEP's common units and certain types of reorganization transactions. Any NOLs that exceed this limitation may be carried forward and used to offset taxable income for the remainder of the carryforward period (i.e., 20 years from the year in which such NOL was generated for NOLs generated prior to January 1, 2018 and no carryforward limitation for any subsequently generated NOLs). Based on NEP’s most recent annual assessment, NEP does not expect the Section 382 limitation to impact its ability to utilize any of its NOLs to offset future taxable income. Additionally, valuation allowances may be needed for deferred tax assets that NEP estimates are more likely than not to be unusable, based on available evidence at the time the estimate is made. Potential changes in the tax law or in NEP’s projections could impact NEP's assessment and valuation allowance estimates, which could have a material adverse impact on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholders.

NEP will not have complete control over NEP's tax decisions.

NEP and/or NEP OpCo may be included in the combined or unitary tax returns of NEE or one or more of its subsidiaries for U.S. state or local income tax purposes. NEP is a party to a tax sharing arrangement which determines the share of taxes that NEP will pay to, or receive from, NEE. In addition, by virtue of NEP's inclusion in NEE’s combined or unitary income tax returns, NEE will effectively control all of NEP's state and local tax decisions in connection with any combined or unitary income tax returns in which NEP is included. NEE will have sole authority to respond to and conduct all tax proceedings (including, but not limited to, tax audits) related to NEP, to file all state and local income tax returns on NEP's behalf, and to determine the amount of NEP's liability to, or entitlement to payment from, NEE in connection with any combined or unitary income tax returns in which NEP is included. This may result in conflicts of interest between NEE and NEP and could have a material adverse impact on NEP's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to grow its business and make cash distributions to its unitholder.

Distributions to unitholders may be taxable as dividends.

Even though NEP is organized as a limited partnership under state law, NEP is treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Accordingly, if NEP makes distributions from current or accumulated earnings and profits as computed for U.S. federal income tax purposes, such distributions will generally be taxable to unitholders as ordinary dividend income for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Distributions paid to non-corporate U.S. unitholders will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at preferential rates, provided that certain holding period and other requirements are satisfied. However, it is difficult to predict whether NEP will generate earnings and profits as computed for U.S. federal income tax purposes in any given tax year, and although NEP expects that a portion of its distributions to unitholders may exceed its current and accumulated earnings and profits as computed for U.S. federal income tax purposes and therefore constitute a non-taxable return-of-capital distribution to the extent of a unitholder’s basis in its units, this may not occur. In addition, although return-of-capital distributions are generally non-taxable to the extent of a unitholder’s basis in its units, such distributions will reduce the unitholder’s adjusted tax basis in its units, which will result in an increase in the amount of gain (or a decrease in the amount of loss) that will be recognized by the unitholder on a future disposition of NEP's common units, and to the extent any return-of-capital distribution exceeds a unitholder’s basis, such distributions will be treated as gain on the sale or exchange of the units.
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Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments

None

Item 1C.  Cybersecurity

Risk Management and Strategy

Under agreements with NEE Management and NEER, NEE's affiliates provide or arrange for the provision to NEP of substantially all of NEP's information technology functions, including those relating to cybersecurity. NEP's board oversees the provision of these services.

NEE operates a cybersecurity program which, among other objectives, seeks to identify potential unauthorized occurrences on or conducted through the electronic information resources owned or used by NEE (information systems), including those used for the provision of functions to NEP, that may result in adverse effects on the confidentiality, integrity or availability of its information systems or any information residing on those systems (cybersecurity threats), as well as on its operations, including its provision of services to NEP. The cybersecurity program includes controls to reduce the risk and potential impact of a cybersecurity incident and to align its processes, controls and implemented technologies with industry standard frameworks and regulations. In addition, outside experts assess NEE’s cybersecurity program capabilities, technology environment and security controls to regularly evaluate effectiveness.

NEE operates a cybersecurity operations center and has cyber threat intelligence capability to identify, monitor, detect and respond to cybersecurity threats, including those related to NEP, which is led by a cybersecurity incident response team. NEE uses these resources to identify cybersecurity threats and monitor for anomalies that may result in cybersecurity incidents on its systems and monitors for impacts to external vendors or suppliers, including those related to NEP. Assessment of an incident includes, but is not limited to, analysis of the urgency and operational or business impact of an incident and the status and effectiveness of incident defenses. NEE invests in personnel and technologies with the objective of limiting the frequency and impact of cybersecurity incidents. Following documented cybersecurity incident response procedures, the cybersecurity incident response team escalates information about cybersecurity incidents depending on circumstances to oversight committees and personnel charged with managing specific aspects of cybersecurity risk, including, among others, the Cybersecurity and Resiliency Committee, the Cybersecurity Governance Executive Committee and individuals serving as officers and directors of NEP.

NEE conducts an annual internal cybersecurity drill with the participation from time to time of local, state and federal agencies to test its capability of dealing with a simulated cyber-attack. NEE also participates in industry forums and trade groups, as well as, in NERC activities to learn and apply these learnings to its cybersecurity policies and procedures.

NEE uses third parties to periodically assess the extent to which its cybersecurity risk management protocols align with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model standard. Certain functions within NEE are required to comply with certain regulatory standards that are designed to protect against cybersecurity incidents, including the NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection standards. Further, NEE has a cybersecurity training program and a mock phishing program to educate and train employees on potential cybersecurity risks and on privacy and data protection. Given geopolitical events, NEE continues to take steps to protect against cybersecurity threats to its and NEP's critical infrastructure, including communications with personnel to ensure heightened awareness of increased cybersecurity threats worldwide.

The cybersecurity capabilities of third-party vendors providing system solutions to NEE or accessing NEE’s systems or data, including those related to NEP, is evaluated as part of the new vendor establishment process. NEE retains the right to audit vendors for cybersecurity of products and services. Where applicable in NEE’s or NEP's contracts with third-party vendors accessing their systems or data, standard data security terms and conditions are utilized and minimum amounts of insurance coverage based on the risk of exposure are required.

There have been cyberattacks and other physical attacks within the energy industry on energy infrastructure such as substations, gas pipelines and related assets in the past and there may be such attacks in the future. Although there have been no cybersecurity incidents or threats with a material impact on NEE's nor NEP's business strategy, results of operations, or financial condition, NEE's information technology systems could fail or be breached, and such systems could be inoperable, causing NEE and NEP to be unable to fulfill critical business operations. The disclosures herein should be reviewed with the risk factors included in Item 1A.

Governance

NEE's chief information officer, the vice president, IT infrastructure and cybersecurity and the chief information security officer are responsible for assessing and managing material risks from cybersecurity threats, including those related to NEP, and have careers that represent more than 75 years of combined experience related to the management and protection of technologies. These individuals participate in or receive updates from not only the cybersecurity incident response team but also cybersecurity
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oversight committees, such as the Cybersecurity and Resiliency Committee comprised of various members of management, including NEP's chief financial officer, general counsel, and president and the Cybersecurity Governance Executive Committee comprised of various members of management, including NEE's vice president of internal audit and executive director of emergency preparedness. These NEE committees are charged with governing cybersecurity, cyber risks and resilience activities as well as the cyber and physical security policies and programs for NEE and its subsidiaries as well as NEP.

The NEP board is responsible for the oversight of risks from cybersecurity threats and receives cybersecurity updates from NEE’s chief information officer and its vice president, IT infrastructure and cybersecurity. Significant active cybersecurity incidents and threats are communicated to board personnel as they occur.

Item 2.  Properties

NEP and its subsidiaries maintain properties consisting of renewable generation projects and, through an equity method investment, natural gas pipeline assets; the principal properties are described in Item 1. Business, which description is incorporated herein by reference.

Character of Ownership

The majority of NEP's generating facilities and NEP's investment in natural gas pipeline assets are owned by NEP subsidiaries and are currently subject to NEE Equity's 51.4% noncontrolling limited partner interest in NEP OpCo. In addition, NEER owns noncontrolling ownership interests in certain NEP OpCo subsidiaries and third-party investors own noncontrolling interests in certain NEP OpCo subsidiaries. See Item 1. Certain of the generating facilities and the natural gas pipeline assets are encumbered by liens securing various financings. Additionally, some of the generating facilities and the natural gas pipeline assets occupy or use real property that is not owned by NEP subsidiaries, primarily through various easements, leases, rights-of-way, permits or licenses from private landowners or governmental entities.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

With regard to environmental proceedings to which a governmental authority is a party, NEP's policy is to disclose any such proceeding if it is reasonably expected to result in monetary sanctions of greater than or equal to $1 million.

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable

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PART II

Item 5.  Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Unitholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Common Unit Data. NEP's common units are traded on the NYSE under the symbol "NEP".

NEP2023 - 1.22.24.jpg

NEP's partnership agreement requires it to distribute available cash quarterly. Generally, available cash is all cash on hand at the date of determination relating to that quarter (including any expected distributions from NEP OpCo), less the amount of cash reserves established by the board. NEP currently expects that cash reserves would be established solely to provide for the payment of income taxes by NEP, if any. Cash flow is generated from distributions NEP receives from NEP OpCo each quarter. Although, as described above, NEP currently expects that cash reserves would be established by the board solely to provide for the payment of NEP's income taxes, if any, NEP expects NEP OpCo to establish cash reserves prior to making distributions to NEP to pay costs and expenses of NEP's subsidiaries, in addition to NEP's expenses, as well as any debt service requirements and future capital expenditures.

NEP OpCo's partnership agreement requires it to distribute all of its available cash to its unitholders, including NEP, each quarter. Generally, NEP OpCo's available cash is all cash on hand at the date of determination relating to that quarter, plus any funds borrowed, less the amount of cash reserves established by NEP OpCo GP. The majority of such available cash is expected to be derived from the operations of the projects. The cash available for distribution could fluctuate from quarter to quarter, and in some cases significantly, as a result of the performance of the projects, seasonality, fluctuating wind and solar resource, maintenance and outage schedules, timing of debt service and other factors.

In February 2024, NEP paid a distribution of $0.88 per common unit to its unitholders of record on February 6, 2024. See Management's Discussion – Liquidity and Capital Resources – Financing Arrangements and Note 14 with respect to distribution restrictions. There are currently no restrictions in effect that limit NEP's ability to pay distributions to its unitholders.

As of January 31, 2024, there were 13 holders of record of NEP's common units.

Incentive Distribution Rights Fee. IDRs represent the right to receive a fee calculated based on the amount of adjusted available cash from operating surplus, as defined in the MSA, that NEP OpCo would be able to distribute to its common
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unitholders after specified minimum quarterly and target quarterly distribution levels have been achieved. The right to receive the IDR fee is currently held by NEE Management, but may be assigned, subject to restrictions in the MSA. In May 2023, the MSA was amended to suspend the IDR fee to be paid by NEP in respect to each calendar quarter beginning with the IDR fee related to the period commencing on (and including) January 1, 2023 and expiring on (and including) December 31, 2026. The following discussion does not reflect that the IDR fee has been suspended as described in the preceding sentence and assumes that NEE Management continues to retain the right to receive the IDRs.

Under the MSA, for any quarter in which NEP OpCo has adjusted available cash at least equal to a base incentive amount (total common units outstanding multiplied by $0.3525, plus approximately $14 million paid to NEE Management quarterly for IDRs) any excess adjusted available cash will be split 75% to NEP OpCo common unitholders and 25% to NEE Management for IDRs. The IDR fee paid by NEP is capped at $39.25 million per quarter ($157 million per year) if quarterly distributions to NEP OpCo unitholders are at or above $0.7625 ($3.05 on an annualized basis) per NEP OpCo common unit.

If NEP OpCo's adjusted available cash for any quarter falls below the base incentive amount, the IDRs will be paid using the target quarterly distribution levels below calculated using the number of NEP OpCo common units outstanding on January 30, 2017, subject to certain adjustments for repurchases, splits and combinations:
Total Quarterly Distribution
per NEP OpCo Common Unit Target Amount
Marginal Percentage Interest in Adjusted Available Cash
NEP OpCo Common UnitholdersNEE Management
Minimum Quarterly Distribution $0.1875100%—%
First Target Quarterly DistributionAbove $0.1875 up to $0.215625100%—%
Second Target Quarterly DistributionAbove $0.215625 up to $0.23437585%15%
Third Target Quarterly DistributionAbove $0.234375 up to $0.28125075%25%
ThereafterAbove $0.28125050%50%

During 2023, 2022 and 2021, NEP paid IDR fees of approximately $39 million, $152 million and $129 million, respectively.

Purchases of Equity Securities by Affiliated Purchaser. In October 2015, NEP was advised that NEE authorized a program to purchase, from time to time, up to $150 million of NEP's outstanding common units. Under the program, purchases may be made in amounts, at prices and at such times as NEE or its subsidiaries deem appropriate, all subject to market conditions and other considerations. The common unit purchase program does not require NEE to acquire any specific number of common units and may be modified or terminated by NEE at any time. The purpose of the program is not to cause NEP’s common units to be delisted from the NYSE or to cause the common units to be deregistered with the SEC. During 2023, 2022 and 2021, there were no purchases under the program. At December 31, 2023, the dollar value of units that may yet be purchased under the program was approximately $114 million.
Item 6.  Reserved

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Item 7.  Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This discussion should be read in conjunction with the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements contained herein. All comparisons are with the corresponding items in the prior year.

Overview

Company Description

NEP is a growth-oriented limited partnership with a strategy that emphasizes acquiring, managing and owning contracted clean energy assets with stable long-term cash flows with a focus on renewable energy projects. NEP consolidates the results of NEP OpCo and its subsidiaries through its controlling interest in the general partner of NEP OpCo. At December 31, 2023, NEP owned an approximately 48.6% limited partner interest in NEP OpCo and NEE Equity owned a noncontrolling 51.4% limited partner interest in NEP OpCo. Through NEP OpCo, NEP owns, or has a partial ownership interest in, a portfolio of contracted renewable energy assets consisting of wind, solar and solar-plus-storage projects and a stand-alone battery storage project, as well as a pipeline investment. NEP's financial results are shown on a consolidated basis with financial results attributable to NEE Equity reflected in noncontrolling interests.

During 2023, 2022 and 2021, NEP acquired interests in various projects as discussed in Note 3. In January 2023, NEP completed the sale of a 62 MW wind project located in North Dakota and in December 2023, NEP sold its Texas pipelines which has been presented as discontinued operations (see Note 2 – Disposal of Wind Project and – Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations and Note 4). In 2022, NEP sold its ownership interests in a pipeline (see Note 2 – Disposal of Pipeline).

Results of Operations
Years Ended December 31,
202320222021
(millions)
OPERATING REVENUES$1,078 $969 $722 
OPERATING EXPENSES
 Operations and maintenance520 527 374 
Depreciation and amortization
521 394 251 
Taxes other than income taxes and other
65 40 28 
Total operating expenses – net1,106 961 653 
GAINS (LOSSES) ON DISPOSAL OF BUSINESSES/ASSETS – NET 36 (5)
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)(28)44 64 
OTHER INCOME (DEDUCTIONS)
Interest expense
(394)848 50 
Equity in earnings of equity method investees
152 177 158 
Equity in earnings of non-economic ownership interests4 56 27 
Other – net
9 
Total other income (deductions) – net
(229)1,086 239 
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES(257)1,130 303 
INCOME TAX EXPENSE (BENEFIT)(25)161 37 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS(232)969 266 
INCOME FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS, net of tax expense of $59 million, $10 million and $11 million, respectively450 152 158 
NET INCOME218 1,121 424 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS
(18)(644)(287)
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NEXTERA ENERGY PARTNERS, LP$200 $477 $137 

2023 Compared to 2022

Operating Revenues

Operating revenues primarily consist of income from the sale of energy under NEP's PPAs, partly offset by the net amortization of intangible assets – PPAs and intangible liabilities – PPAs (see Note 2 – Intangible Assets – PPAs and – Intangible Liabilities – PPAs). Operating revenues increased $109 million during the year ended December 31, 2023. The increase primarily reflects approximately $185 million related to the projects acquired in late 2022 and 2023 (see Note 3), partly offset by unfavorable wind resource in 2023.

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Wind and solar resource levels, weather conditions and the performance of NEP's renewable energy portfolio represent significant factors that could affect its operating results because these variables impact energy sales. Additionally, project acquisitions or wind turbine repowering opportunities could impact future revenues.

Operating Expenses

Operations and Maintenance
O&M expenses include interconnection costs, labor expenses, equipment servicing costs, land payments, insurance, materials, supplies, shared services and administrative expenses attributable to NEP's projects, and costs and expenses under the MSA, ASAs and O&M agreements (see Note 15). O&M expenses also include the cost of maintaining and replacing certain parts for the projects in the portfolio to maintain, over the long term, operating income or operating capacity. O&M expenses decreased $7 million during the year ended December 31, 2023 primarily due to approximately $95 million of lower other corporate expenses primarily relating to the suspension of the IDR fee, partly offset by $61 million related to the projects acquired in late 2022 and 2023 and $24 million of higher operating costs. In May 2023, the MSA was amended to suspend the IDR fee to be paid by NEP in respect to each calendar quarter beginning with the IDR fee related to the period commencing on (and including) January 1, 2023 and expiring on (and including) December 31, 2026. See Item 5 Incentive Distribution Rights Fee.

O&M expenses related to the existing portfolio are expected to remain relatively stable from year to year. However, NEP's O&M expenses are likely to increase as NEP acquires new projects.

Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization expense reflects costs associated with depreciation and amortization of NEP's assets, based on depreciable asset lives and consistent depreciation methodologies. For certain of the renewable energy projects, CITCs are recorded as a reduction in property, plant and equipment – net on the consolidated balance sheets and amortized as a reduction to depreciation and amortization expense over the estimated life of the related property. Depreciation and amortization expense also includes a provision for wind and solar facility dismantlement, asset removal costs and accretion related to asset retirement obligations and the amortization of finite-lived intangible assets.

Depreciation and amortization expense increased $127 million during the year ended December 31, 2023 primarily due to depreciation related to projects acquired in late 2022 and 2023.

Taxes Other than Income Taxes and other net
Taxes Other than Income Taxes and other – net increased $25 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 primarily due to impacts of acquisitions in late 2022 and in 2023 and the absence of a gain realized in 2022 relating to settlement of a payable relating to a CITC.

Gains (Losses) on Disposal of Businesses/Assets – Net

The $36 million net gains on disposal of businesses/assets recognized during the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily reflects the gain recorded for the sale of NEP's interests in a pipeline in Texas. See Note 2 – Disposal of Pipeline.

Other Income (Deductions)

Interest Expense
Interest expense primarily consists of interest under long-term debt agreements and mark-to-market gains and losses on interest rate contracts. Interest expense increased $1,242 million during the year ended December 31, 2023 primarily reflecting approximately $1,193 million of unfavorable mark-to-market activity ($176 million of losses recorded in 2023 compared to $1,017 million of gains recorded in 2022) and higher interest expense due to increased average debt outstanding. See Note 6 – Financial Statement Impact of Derivative Instruments and Note 13.

Equity in Earnings of Equity Method Investees
Equity in earnings of equity method investees decreased $25 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 primarily due to unfavorable mark-to-market activity on interest rate contracts in 2023.

Equity in Earnings of Non-Economic Ownership Interests
Equity in earnings of non-economic ownership interests decreased $52 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 primarily reflecting unfavorable mark-to-market activity on interest rate contracts in 2023.

Income Taxes

NEP recognizes in income its applicable ownership share of income taxes due to the disregarded tax status of substantially all of the projects under NEP OpCo. Net income or loss attributable to noncontrolling interests includes minimal income taxes.

For the year ended December 31, 2023, NEP recorded income tax benefit of $25 million on loss from continuing operations before income taxes of $257 million, resulting in an effective tax rate of approximately 10%. The income tax benefit is primarily
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comprised of federal income tax benefits of approximately $54 million at the federal statutory rate of 21% and $28 million of PTCs, partly offset by income tax expense of $54 million related to income tax attributable to noncontrolling interests. See Note 8.

For the year ended December 31, 2022, NEP recorded income tax expense of $161 million on income from continuing operations before income taxes of $1,130 million, resulting in an effective tax rate of approximately 14%. The income tax expense is primarily comprised of federal income tax expense of approximately $237 million at the federal statutory rate of 21% and $33 million of state income tax expense, partly offset by income tax benefit of $110 million related to income tax attributable to noncontrolling interests. See Note 8.

Income from Discontinued Operations

Income from discontinued operations reflects the gain recognized on the sale of the Texas pipelines of approximately $375 million ($329 million after tax) as well as the operations of the Texas pipelines prior to the sale in December 2023. See Note 4.

Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests primarily reflects the net income or loss attributable to NEE Equity's noncontrolling interest in NEP OpCo, a non-affiliated party's interest in one of the Texas pipelines, a non-affiliated party's interest in Star Moon Holdings, LLC, the loss allocated to differential membership interest investors, the income allocated to Class B noncontrolling membership interests and NEER's noncontrolling ownership interests in Silver State South Solar, LLC, Sunlight Renewables Holdings, LLC and Emerald Breeze Holdings, LLC. Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests decreased $626 million during the year ended December 31, 2023 primarily reflecting a lower net income allocation to NEE Equity's noncontrolling interest due to a decrease in net income as compared to 2022 and higher net losses allocated to differential membership interest investors relating to acquisitions in 2022 and 2023. See Note 2 – Noncontrolling Interests and Note 14 – Class B Noncontrolling Interests.

2022 Compared to 2021

Operating Revenues

Operating revenues increased $247 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 and primarily reflect an increase of approximately $214 million related to the projects acquired in the second half of 2021 and in 2022 (see Note 3), as well as favorable wind resource and higher availability due to fewer maintenance outages in 2022.

Operating Expenses

Operations and Maintenance
O&M expenses increased $153 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily due to approximately $92 million related to the projects acquired in the second half of 2021 and in 2022, $24 million of higher repair and maintenance costs and $24 million in higher other corporate expenses, including higher IDR fees of $23 million related to growth in NEP's distributions to its common unitholders. In June 2022, the MSA was amended to cap the IDR fee paid by NEP at $39.25 million per quarter ($157 million per year) if quarterly distributions to NEP OpCo unitholders are at or above $0.7625 ($3.05 on an annualized basis) per NEP OpCo common unit. See Item 5 Incentive Distribution Rights Fee.

Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization expense increased $143 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily due to depreciation related to projects acquired in the second half of 2021 and in 2022.

Gains (Losses) on Disposal of Businesses/Assets – Net

The $36 million net gains on disposal of businesses/assets recognized during the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily reflects the gain recorded for the sale of NEP's interests in a pipeline in Texas. See Note 2 Disposal of Pipeline.

Other Income (Deductions)

Interest Expense
Interest expense decreased approximately $798 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily reflecting approximately $854 million of favorable mark-to-market activity ($1,017 million of gains recorded in 2022 compared to $163 million of gains recorded in 2021), offset by higher interest expense due to increased average debt outstanding and higher interest rates. See Note 6 – Financial Statement Impact of Derivative Instruments and Note 13.

Equity in Earnings of Equity Method Investees
Equity in earnings of equity method investees increased $19 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily due to earnings related to NEP's investment in projects in October 2021 (see Note 3).
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Equity in Earnings of Non-Economic Ownership Interests
Equity in earnings of non-economic ownership interests increased $29 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily reflecting favorable mark-to-market activity on interest rate contracts in 2022.

Income Taxes

For the year ended December 31, 2022, NEP recorded income tax expense of $161 million on income from continuing operations before income taxes of $1,130 million, resulting in an effective tax rate of approximately 14%. The income tax expense is primarily comprised of federal income tax expense of approximately $237 million at the federal statutory rate of 21% and $33 million of state income tax expense, partly offset by income tax benefit of $110 million related to income tax attributable to noncontrolling interests. See Note 8.

For the year ended December 31, 2021, NEP recorded income tax expense of $37 million on income from continuing operations before income taxes of $303 million, resulting in an effective tax rate of approximately 12%. The income tax expense is primarily comprised of federal income tax expense of approximately $63 million at the federal statutory rate of 21% and $10 million of state income tax expense, partly offset by income tax benefit of $32 million related to income tax attributable to noncontrolling interests. See Note 8.

Income from Discontinued Operations

Income from discontinued operations reflects the operations for the Texas pipelines. Earnings were consistent between 2022 and 2021. See Note 4.

Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests increased $357 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 primarily reflecting a higher net income allocation to NEE Equity's noncontrolling interest due to an increase in net income as compared to 2021, partly offset by higher losses allocated to differential membership interest investors due to higher wind resource resulting in higher PTCs. See Note 2 – Noncontrolling Interests and Note 14 – Class B Noncontrolling Interests.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

NEP’s ongoing operations use cash to fund O&M expenses, including related party fees discussed in Note 15, maintenance capital expenditures, debt service payments and related derivative obligations (see Note 13 and Note 6), distributions to common unitholders, and distributions to the holders of noncontrolling interests. NEP expects to satisfy these requirements primarily with cash on hand and cash generated from operations. In addition, as a growth-oriented limited partnership, NEP expects from time to time to make acquisitions (see Note 3), including in connection with the exercise of buyout rights (see Note 2 – Noncontrolling Interests and Note 14 – Class B Noncontrolling Interests), and other investments. These acquisitions and investments are expected to be funded with borrowings under credit facilities or term loans, issuances of indebtedness, issuances of additional NEP common units, including under its ATM program, or capital raised pursuant to other financing structures, cash on hand and cash generated from operations and divestitures (see Note 4). NEP may also utilize non-voting common units (convertible into common units) to fund the payment of specified portions of the purchase price payable in connection with the exercise of certain buyout rights (see Note 2 – Noncontrolling Interests and Note 14 – Class B Noncontrolling Interests). In addition, NEP expects to fund debt maturities through refinancing. NEP may, but does not expect to, issue common units to satisfy NEP's conversion obligation in excess of the aggregate principal amount of the convertible notes upon conversion (see Note 13).

These sources of funds are expected to be adequate to provide for NEP's short-term and long-term liquidity and capital needs, although its ability to make future acquisitions, fund repowering of existing projects, fund the purchase price payable in connection with the exercise of buyout rights, refinance debt maturities and maintain and increase its distributions to common unitholders will depend on its ability to access capital on acceptable terms.

As a normal part of its business, depending on market conditions, NEP expects from time to time to consider opportunities to repay, redeem, repurchase or refinance its indebtedness or equity arrangements. In addition, NEP expects from time to time to consider potential investments in new acquisitions and the repowering of existing projects. These events may cause NEP to seek additional debt or equity financing, which may not be available on acceptable terms or at all. If available, additional debt financing, including refinancing, could impose operating restrictions, additional cash payment obligations and additional covenants, including limitations on distributions to common unitholders.

NEP OpCo has agreed to allow NEER or one of its affiliates to withdraw funds received by NEP OpCo or its subsidiaries and to hold those funds in accounts of NEER or one of its affiliates to the extent the funds are not required to pay project costs or otherwise required to be maintained by NEP's subsidiaries, until the financing agreements permit distributions to be made, or, in
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the case of NEP OpCo, until such funds are required to make distributions or to pay expenses or other operating costs. NEP OpCo will have a claim for any funds that NEER fails to return:

•    when required by its subsidiaries’ financings;
•    when its subsidiaries’ financings otherwise permit distributions to be made to NEP OpCo;
•    when funds are required to be returned to NEP OpCo; or
•    when otherwise demanded by NEP OpCo.

In addition, NEER and certain of its affiliates may withdraw funds in connection with certain long-term debt agreements and hold those funds in accounts belonging to NEER or its affiliates and provide credit support in the amount of such withdrawn funds. If NEER fails to return withdrawn funds when required by NEP OpCo's subsidiaries’ financing agreements, the lenders will be entitled to draw on any credit support provided by NEER in the amount of such withdrawn funds.

If NEER or one of its affiliates realizes any earnings on the withdrawn funds prior to the return of such funds, it will be permitted to retain those earnings except as otherwise agreed upon with NEP OpCo.

Liquidity Position

At December 31, 2023, NEP's liquidity position was approximately $4,232 million. The table below provides the components of NEP’s liquidity position:
December 31, 2023
Maturity Date
(millions)
Cash and cash equivalents
$274 
Amounts due under the CSCS agreement1,511 
Revolving credit facilities
2,500 
2028(a)
Less issued letters of credit(53)
Total$4,232 

____________________
(a)    At December 31, 2023, approximately $50 million had a maturity date in 2025. In February 2024, the maturity date for substantially all of the NEP OpCo credit facility was extended until 2029.

Management believes that NEP's liquidity position and cash flows from operations will be adequate to finance O&M expenses, maintenance capital expenditures, distributions to its unitholders and to the holders of noncontrolling interests and liquidity commitments. Management continues to regularly monitor NEP's financing needs consistent with prudent balance sheet management.

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Financing Arrangements

NEP OpCo and its direct subsidiary are parties to a $2,500 million revolving credit facility (NEP OpCo credit facility) maturing in February 2029. During 2023, $1,040 million was drawn under the NEP OpCo credit facility and this same amount was repaid. At December 31, 2023, no amounts were outstanding under the NEP OpCo credit facility. For a discussion of the NEP OpCo credit facility, see Note 13.

During 2023, NEP OpCo issued $750 million in aggregate principal amount of 7.25% senior unsecured notes due in 2029 and, in connection with projects acquired, an indirect subsidiary of NEP borrowed approximately $330 million under a senior secured limited-recourse variable rate term loan facility maturing in 2028. Also during 2023, an indirect subsidiary of NEP borrowed approximately $237 million under a revolving credit facility and in December 2023, as part of the sale of the Texas pipelines, $437 million outstanding under the credit agreement was paid off which included a $200 million term loan. See Note 13

During 2022, NEP issued $500 million in aggregate principal amount of 2.50% convertible senior notes due in 2026. See Note 13.

During 2021, NEP issued $500 million in aggregate principal amount of 0% convertible senior notes due in 2024 and an indirect subsidiary of NEP borrowed $644 million under a senior secured limited-recourse variable rate term loan facility maturing in 2028. See Note 13.

NEP OpCo and certain indirect subsidiaries are subject to financings that contain financial covenants and distribution tests, including debt service coverage ratios. In general, these financings contain covenants customary for these types of financings, including limitations on investments and restricted payments. Certain of NEP's financings provide for interest payable at a fixed interest rate. However, certain of NEP's financings accrue interest at variable rates based on an underlying index plus a margin. Interest rate contracts were entered into for certain of these financings to hedge against interest rate movements with respect to interest payments on the related borrowings. In addition, under the project-level financing structures, each project or group of projects will be permitted to pay distributions out of available cash so long as certain conditions are satisfied, including that reserves are funded with cash or credit support, no default or event of default under the applicable financing has occurred and is continuing at the time of such distribution or would result therefrom, and each project or group of projects is otherwise in compliance with the related covenants. For substantially all of the project-level financing structures, minimum debt service coverage ratios must be satisfied in order to make a distribution. For one project-level financing, the project must maintain a leverage ratio and an interest coverage ratio in order to make a distribution. At December 31, 2023, NEP's subsidiaries were in compliance with all financial debt covenants under their financings.

Equity Arrangements

Certain NEP OpCo subsidiaries have issued and sold noncontrolling Class B membership interests in their subsidiaries. NEP has buyout rights, subject to certain limitations and/or extensions, under which NEP has the right to pay a portion of the buyout price with respect to the noncontrolling Class B membership interests in NEP non-voting common units or NEP common units, as specified in the related limited liability company agreement. The noncontrolling Class B investors receive a specified allocation of the related subsidiaries' distributable cash, which would increase if certain minimum buyout rights are not exercised prior to specified deadlines. While NEP has the right to exercise the buyout right to purchase the noncontrolling Class B membership interests during a specified period of time as set forth in the related limited liability company agreement and may exercise the buyout right by paying cash, NEP may exercise, or begin to exercise if exercisable only in part, the buyout right on or at the beginning of the buyout period, and the buyout price may consist of the maximum percentage of NEP non-voting common units or NEP common units, as specified in the related limited liability company agreement. See Note 14 – Class B Noncontrolling Interests.

In 2023, NEP paid aggregate consideration of approximately $792 million in cash for the buyout of the Class B noncontrolling membership interests in South Texas Midstream, LLC and $180 million in cash for the buyout of 15% of the Class B noncontrolling membership interests in NEP Renewables II, LLC. In 2021, NEP paid aggregate consideration of approximately $885 million, consisting of approximately 7.3 million NEP common units and $265 million in cash, for the buyout of the Class B noncontrolling membership interests in NEP Renewables, LLC. See Note 14 – Class B Noncontrolling Interests.

NEP has an at-the-market equity issuance program (ATM program), which was renewed in 2023, pursuant to which NEP may issue, from time to time, up to $500 million of its common units. During 2023, 2022 and 2021, NEP issued approximately 5.1 million common units, 1.8 million common units and 0.7 million common units under the ATM program for gross proceeds of approximately $316 million, $145 million and $50 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2023, NEP may issue up to approximately $337 million in additional common units under the ATM program. See Note 14 – ATM Program.

During 2023 and 2022, NEP issued approximately 1.7 million NEP common units and 0.8 million NEP common units, respectively, upon NEE Equity's exchange of NEP OpCo common units on a one-for-one basis.

In July 2021, NEP filed a shelf registration statement with the SEC, which became effective upon filing, for an unspecified amount of securities. The amount of securities issuable by NEP is established from time to time by the board. Securities that may
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be issued under the registration statement include common units, preferred units, warrants, rights, debt securities, equity purchase contracts and equity purchase units.

Capital Expenditures

Annual capital spending plans are developed based on projected requirements for the projects. Capital expenditures primarily represent the estimated cost of capital improvements, including construction expenditures that are expected to increase NEP OpCo’s operating income or operating capacity over the long term. Capital expenditures for projects that have already commenced commercial operations are generally not significant because most expenditures relate to repairs and maintenance and are expensed when incurred. For the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, NEP had capital expenditures, excluding the purchase prices of acquired projects, of approximately $1,269 million and $1,351 million, respectively. The 2023 capital expenditures primarily relate to the assets acquired from NEER in December 2022 which were acquired under construction or recently placed in service, and the 2022 capital expenditures primarily relate to the three facilities acquired in December 2021 from NEER that were under construction (see Note 3). Costs of approximately $1,063 million and $1,161 million were reimbursed by NEER in 2023 and 2022, respectively. In the first quarter of 2022, the three facilities acquired from NEER in December 2021 were placed in service and in the third quarter of 2023, the under construction facilities acquired from NEER in December 2022 were placed in service.

Cash Distributions to Unitholders

NEP's partnership agreement requires it to distribute available cash quarterly. Generally, available cash is all cash on hand at the date of determination relating to that quarter (including any expected distributions from NEP OpCo), less the amount of cash reserves established by the board. NEP currently expects that cash reserves would be established solely to provide for the payment of income taxes by NEP, if any. Cash flow is generated from distributions NEP receives from NEP OpCo each quarter. Although, as described above, NEP currently expects that cash reserves would be established by the board solely to provide for the payment of NEP's income taxes, if any, NEP expects NEP OpCo to establish cash reserves prior to making distributions to NEP to pay costs and expenses of NEP's subsidiaries, in addition to NEP's expenses, as well as any forecasted payment of debt and other obligations and future capital expenditures.

NEP OpCo's partnership agreement requires it to distribute all of its available cash to its unitholders, including NEP, each quarter. Generally, NEP OpCo's available cash is all cash on hand at the date of determination relating to that quarter, plus any funds borrowed, less the amount of cash reserves established by NEP OpCo GP. The majority of such available cash is expected to be derived from the operations of the projects. The cash available for distribution could fluctuate from quarter to quarter, and in some cases significantly, as a result of the performance of the projects, seasonality, fluctuating wind and solar resource, maintenance and outage schedules, timing of debt service and other factors.

During 2023 and 2022, NEP distributed approximately $309 million and $254 million, respectively, to its common unitholders. In addition, NEP paid approximately $$82 million in distributions to its common unitholders in February 2024.

Credit Ratings

NEP’s liquidity, ability to access credit and capital markets and cost of borrowings is dependent on its credit ratings. As of February 20, 2024, Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (Moody’s), S&P Global Ratings (S&P) and Fitch Ratings, Inc. (Fitch) continue to assign the following credit ratings to NEP:
Moody's(a)
S&P(a)
Fitch(a)
NEP corporate credit rating(b)
Ba1BBBB+
_________________________
(a)    A security rating is not a recommendation to buy, sell or hold securities and should be evaluated independently of any other rating. The rating is subject to revision or withdrawal at any time by the assigning rating organization.
(b)    The outlook indicated by each of Moody's, S&P and Fitch is stable.

Cash Flows

The following table reflects the cash flows for the comparative periods:
Years Ended December 31,
202320222021
(millions)
Net cash provided by operating activities$731 $776 $677 
Net cash used in investing activities$(194)$(1,194)$(2,301)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities$(527)$551 $1,663 

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Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities in 2023 compared to 2022 was primarily driven by the timing of transactions impacting working capital, lower resource, and lower O&M costs primarily due to the suspension of the IDR fee which is recorded in O&M, partly offset by cash flows associated with the ownership interests in projects acquired in late 2022 and mid-2023.

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities
Years Ended December 31,
202320222021
(millions)
Acquisitions of membership interests in subsidiaries – net$(661)$(989)$(2,352)
Capital expenditures and other investments(1,269)(1,351)(113)
Proceeds from CITCs — 75 
Proceeds from sale of a business1,885 204 — 
Payments to related parties under CSCS agreement – net(1,213)(240)(47)
Distributions from equity method investee 15 
Distributions from non-economic ownership interests
 — 90 
Reimbursements from related parties for capital expenditures1,063 1,161 15 
Other – net1 30 
Net cash used in investing activities$(194)$(1,194)$(2,301)

The decrease in net cash used in investing activities in 2023 compared to 2022 was primarily driven by proceeds from the sale of the Texas pipelines (see Note 4), proceeds from the sale of a wind facility (see Note 2 – Disposal of Wind Project) and lower acquisition costs compared to 2022, partly offset by higher payments to NEER subsidiaries (net of amounts received) under the CSCS agreement.

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities
Years Ended December 31,
202320222021
(millions)
Proceeds from issuance of common units – net$315 $147 $50 
Issuances of long-term debt, including premiums and discounts2,362 1,505 2,880 
Retirements of long-term debt(1,523)(1,544)(1,159)
Partner contributions 
Partner distributions(741)(636)(619)
Proceeds related to differential membership interests – net
20 202 87 
Proceeds related to Class B noncontrolling interests – net
31 952 813 
Buyout of Class B noncontrolling interest investors
(972)— (265)
Debt issuance costs(12)(17)(12)
Capped call transactions
 (31)(31)
Payment of CITC obligation to third party — (65)
Other(7)(29)(18)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities$(527)$551 $1,663 

The change in net cash provided by (used in) financing activities in 2023 compared to 2022 is primarily due to the buyout of Class B noncontrolling interest investors and lower proceeds related to differential membership interests – net (see Note 2 – Noncontrolling Interests and Note 14 – Class B Noncontrolling Interests), partly offset by higher issuances of long-term debt in 2023 compared to 2022.

The comparison of the cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 are included in Management's Discussion in NEP's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

NEP's significant accounting policies are described in Note 2, which were prepared under generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. Critical accounting policies are those that NEP believes are both most important to the portrayal of its financial condition and results of operations, and require complex, subjective judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates and assumptions about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. Judgments and uncertainties affecting the application of those policies may result in materially different amounts being reported under different conditions or using different assumptions. The following policies are those considered to be the most critical in understanding the judgments that are involved in preparing the consolidated financial statements.

Income Taxes

Deferred income taxes arise from temporary differences between the tax and financial statement recognition of revenue and expense. In evaluating NEP's ability to recover its deferred tax assets individually by entity and by taxing jurisdiction, NEP considers all available positive and negative evidence, including scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, tax planning strategies and recent financial operations. In projecting future taxable income, NEP begins with historical results and incorporates assumptions including the amount of future state, federal and foreign pretax operating income, the reversal of temporary differences and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies. These assumptions require significant judgment about the forecasts of future taxable income and are consistent with the plans and estimates NEP is using to manage the underlying businesses.

Accounting Standards Codification 740 – Income Taxes (ASC 740) provides that a tax benefit from an uncertain tax position will be recognized when it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, including resolutions of any related appeals or litigation processes, based on the technical merits. ASC 740 also provides guidance on measurement, derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, and disclosure and transition.

NEP recognizes tax liabilities in accordance with ASC 740 and adjusts these liabilities when its judgment changes as a result of the evaluation of new information not previously available. Because of the complexity of some of these uncertainties, the ultimate resolution may result in a payment that is materially different from NEP's current estimate of the tax liabilities. These differences will be reflected as increases or decreases to income tax expense in the period in which they are determined.

See Note 8.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

NEP evaluates long-lived assets, including finite-lived intangible assets, for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.

An impairment loss is required to be recognized if the carrying value of the asset exceeds the undiscounted future net cash flows associated with that asset. The impairment loss to be recognized is the amount by which the carrying value of the long-lived asset exceeds the asset’s fair value. In most instances, the fair value is determined by discounting estimated future cash flows using an appropriate interest rate.

The amount of future net cash flows, the timing of such cash flows and the determination of an appropriate interest rate all involve estimates and judgments about future events. In particular, the aggregate amount of cash flows determines whether an impairment exists, and the timing of the cash flows is critical in determining fair value for the purposes of determining the impairment loss to be recognized. Because each assessment is based on the facts and circumstances associated with each long-lived asset, the effects of changes in assumptions cannot be generalized.

Carrying Value of Equity Method Investments

NEP evaluates its equity method investments for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the fair value of the investment is less than the carrying value and the investment may be other-than-temporarily impaired.

Indicators of a potential impairment include, but are not limited to, a series of operating losses of an investee, the absence of an ability to recover the carrying amount of the investment, the inability of the investee to sustain an earnings capacity and a current fair value of an investment that may be less than its carrying value. If indicators of impairment exist, an estimate of the investment’s fair value will be calculated. Approaches for estimating fair value include, among others, an income approach using a probability-weighted discounted cash flows model and a market approach using an earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) multiple model. The probability assigned to each scenario as well as the cash flows and EBITDA multiple identified are critical in determining fair value.

An impairment loss is required to be recognized if the impairment is deemed to be other than temporary. Assessment of whether an investment is other-than-temporarily impaired involves, among other factors, consideration of the length of time that the fair value is below the carrying value, current expected performance relative to the expected performance when the investment was
37

initially made, performance relative to peers, industry performance relative to the economy, credit rating, regulatory actions and legal and permitting challenges. If management is unable to reasonably assert that an impairment is temporary or believes that there will not be full recovery of the carrying value of its investment, then the impairment is considered to be other than temporary. Investments that are other-than-temporarily impaired are written down to their estimated fair value and cannot subsequently be written back up for increases in estimated fair value. Impairment losses, if any, would be recorded in equity in earnings (losses) of equity method investees in NEP’s consolidated statements of income.

Purchase Accounting

Certain assumptions and estimates are employed in determining the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed and, for business acquisitions, in determining the allocation of goodwill to a reporting unit. These estimates may be affected by factors such as changing market conditions, technological advances in the energy industry or changes in regulations governing that industry. Other key inputs that require judgment include discount rates, comparable market transactions, estimated useful lives and probability of future transactions. The most significant assumptions requiring the most judgment involve identifying and estimating the fair value of intangible assets and property, plant and equipment and the associated useful lives for establishing amortization periods. To finalize purchase accounting for significant transactions, NEP may utilize the services of independent valuation specialists to assist in the determination of the fair value of acquired intangible assets and property, plant and equipment. For business acquisitions, the allocation of the purchase price may be modified up to one year from the date of the acquisition if new information is obtained about the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. See Note 3.

Goodwill

Goodwill acquired in connection with business combinations represents the excess of consideration over the fair value of net assets acquired. For goodwill, an assessment for impairment is performed annually or whenever an event indicating impairment may have occurred. NEP completes the annual impairment test for goodwill using an assessment date of October 1. Goodwill is reviewed for impairment by comparing the carrying value of a reporting unit’s net assets, including allocated goodwill, to the estimated fair value of a reporting unit. NEP estimates the fair value of a reporting unit using a combination of the income, market and cost approaches. Determining the fair value of a reporting unit requires judgment and the use of significant estimates and assumptions. Such estimates and assumptions include revenue growth rates, future operating margins, the weighted average cost of capital, and future market conditions, among others. If a reporting unit’s carrying value is greater than its fair value, a second step is performed whereby the implied fair value of goodwill is estimated by allocating the fair value of a reporting unit in a hypothetical purchase price allocation analysis. A goodwill impairment charge would be recognized for the amount by which the carrying value of goodwill exceeds its reassessed fair value. NEP performed its annual goodwill impairment test in October 2023 and determined, based on the results, that no goodwill impairment charge was required.

Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations

Generally, a long-lived asset to be sold is classified as held for sale in the period in which management, with approval from the board, commits to a plan to sell and sale is expected to be completed within one year. Assets and liabilities held for sale are recorded at the lower of their carrying value or their estimated fair value less cost to sell. If the disposal group reflects a component of a reporting unit and meets the definition of a business, the goodwill within that reporting unit is allocated to the disposal group based on the relative fair value of the components representing a business that will be retained and disposed. Goodwill is not allocated to a portion of a reporting unit that does not meet the definition of a business. A disposal group that meets held for sale criteria and also represents a strategic shift that will have a major effect on the entity's operations and financial results is also reflected as discontinued operations in the statements of income and prior periods are recast to reflect the earnings or losses from such business as income from discontinued operations, net of tax expense. See Note 4.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

NEP is exposed to market risks in its normal business activities. Market risk is measured as the potential loss that may result from hypothetical reasonably possible market changes associated with its business over the next year. The types of market risks include interest rate and counterparty credit risks.

Interest Rate Risk

NEP is exposed to risk resulting from changes in interest rates associated with outstanding and expected future debt issuances and borrowings. NEP manages interest rate exposure by monitoring current interest rates, entering into interest rate contracts and using a combination of fixed rate and variable rate debt. Interest rate swaps are used to mitigate and adjust interest rate exposure when deemed appropriate based upon market conditions or when required by financing agreements (see Note 6).

NEP has long-term debt instruments that subject it to the risk of loss associated with movements in market interest rates. At December 31, 2023, approximately 99% of the long-term debt, including current maturities, was not exposed to fluctuations in interest expense as it was either fixed rate debt or financially hedged. At December 31, 2023, the estimated fair value of NEP's long-term debt was approximately $6.1 billion and the carrying value of the long-term debt was $6.3 billion. See Note 7 –
38


Financial Instruments Recorded at Other than Fair Value. Based upon a hypothetical 10% decrease in interest rates, the fair value of NEP's long-term debt would increase by approximately $57 million at December 31, 2023.

At December 31, 2023, NEP had interest rate contracts with a net notional amount of approximately $3.1 billion related to managing exposure to the variability of cash flows associated with outstanding and expected future debt issuances and borrowings. Based upon a hypothetical 10% decrease in rates, NEP’s net derivative assets at December 31, 2023 would decrease by approximately $53 million.

Counterparty Credit Risk

Risks surrounding counterparty performance and credit risk could ultimately impact the amount and timing of expected cash flows. Credit risk relates to the risk of loss resulting from non-performance or non-payment by counterparties under the terms of their contractual obligations. NEP monitors and manages credit risk through credit policies that include a credit approval process and the use of credit mitigation measures such as prepayment arrangements in certain circumstances. NEP also seeks to mitigate counterparty risk by having a diversified portfolio of counterparties.

Item 7A.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

See Management's Discussion – Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

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Item. 8  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data


MANAGEMENT'S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

NextEra Energy Partners, LP's (NEP) management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). The consolidated financial statements, which in part are based on informed judgments and estimates made by management, have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles applied on a consistent basis.

To aid in carrying out this responsibility, we, along with all other members of management, maintain a system of internal accounting control which is established after weighing the cost of such controls against the benefits derived. In the opinion of management, the overall system of internal accounting control provides reasonable assurance that the assets of NEP and its subsidiaries are safeguarded and that transactions are executed in accordance with management's authorization and are properly recorded for the preparation of financial statements. In addition, management believes the overall system of internal accounting control provides reasonable assurance that material errors or irregularities would be prevented or detected on a timely basis by employees in the normal course of their duties. Any system of internal accounting control, no matter how well designed, has inherent limitations, including the possibility that controls can be circumvented or overridden and misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected. Also, because of changes in conditions, internal control effectiveness may vary over time. Accordingly, even an effective system of internal control will provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and reporting.

The system of internal accounting control is supported by written policies and guidelines, the selection and training of qualified employees, an organizational structure that provides an appropriate division of responsibility and a program of internal auditing. NEP's written policies include a Code of Business Conduct & Ethics that states management's policy on conflicts of interest and ethical conduct. Compliance with the Code of Business Conduct & Ethics is confirmed annually by key personnel.

The Board of Directors pursues its oversight responsibility for financial reporting and accounting through its Audit Committee. This Committee, which is comprised entirely of independent directors, meets regularly with management, the internal auditors and the independent auditors to make inquiries as to the manner in which the responsibilities of each are being discharged. The independent auditors and the internal audit staff have free access to the Committee without management present to discuss auditing, internal accounting control and financial reporting matters.

Management assessed the effectiveness of NEP's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, using the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in the Internal Control Integrated Framework (2013). Based on this assessment, management believes that NEP's internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2023.

NEP's independent registered public accounting firm, Deloitte & Touche LLP, is engaged to express an opinion on NEP's consolidated financial statements and an opinion on NEP's internal control over financial reporting. Their reports are based on procedures believed by them to provide a reasonable basis to support such opinions. These reports appear on the following pages.

JOHN W. KETCHUMTERRELL KIRK CREWS II
John W. Ketchum
Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
NextEra Energy Partners, LP
Terrell Kirk Crews II
Chief Financial Officer
NextEra Energy Partners, LP

JAMES M. MAY
James M. May
Controller and Chief Accounting Officer
NextEra Energy Partners, LP
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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the unitholders and the Board of Directors of NextEra Energy Partners, LP

Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of NextEra Energy Partners, LP and subsidiaries (NEP) as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). In our opinion, NEP maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2023 of NEP and our report dated February 20, 2024, expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

Basis for Opinion

NEP’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on NEP's internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to NEP in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.


DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP

Boca Raton, Florida
February 20, 2024

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the unitholders and the Board of Directors of NextEra Energy Partners, LP

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of NextEra Energy Partners, LP and subsidiaries (NEP) as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of NEP as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), NEP’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 20, 2024 expressed an unqualified opinion on NEP’s internal control over financial reporting.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of NEP’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on NEP's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to NEP in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matter
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

Acquisitions — Refer to Note 3 to the financial statements

Critical Audit Matter Description

As discussed in Note 3 to the financial statements, in June 2023, an indirect subsidiary of NEP completed the acquisition of ownership interests (2023 acquisition) in a portfolio of wind and solar generation facilities from subsidiaries of NextEra Energy Resources, LLC (NEER), a related party. The purchase price included total consideration of approximately $566 million, plus working capital of $32 million and the assumption of the portfolio’s existing debt and related interest rate swaps of approximately $141 million at time of closing. The acquired portfolio also includes noncontrolling interests related to differential membership investors of approximately $165 million at time of closing. All fair value measurements of assets acquired and liabilities assumed were based on significant estimates and assumptions, including Level 3 (unobservable) inputs, which require judgment. Estimates and assumptions include the projected timing and amount of future cash flows, discount rates reflecting risk inherent in future cash flows and future market prices. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed was recognized as goodwill at the acquisition date.

The accounting and reporting for these transactions required an increased extent of audit effort and specialized skill and knowledge. Auditing the unobservable inputs used by management to estimate the fair value of the acquired assets involved subjective judgments and an increased extent of effort, including the need to involve our firm specialists.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our audit procedures included the following, among others:
We tested the effectiveness of controls over purchase accounting, including management’s review of the third-party
42

specialist’s valuation report.

We evaluated the competency of the third-party specialist engaged by management to perform the valuations. We read the third-party valuation report.

We assessed the reasonableness of management’s forecasts of future cash flows by comparing the projections to historical generation or similar generation facilities acquired in previous years.

We used personnel in our firm who specialize in energy transacting to assist in testing certain inputs in management's fair value models.

With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we (1) evaluated the reasonableness of the valuation methodology, (2) evaluated the reasonableness of the discount rates, including testing the source information underlying the determination of the discount rates, assessing the mathematical accuracy of the calculation, and developing a range of independent estimates and comparing those to the discount rates selected by management, and (3) assessed the mathematical accuracy of significant calculations in the valuation schedules.

We evaluated NEP’s disclosures related to the acquisition, including balances recorded and significant assumptions.


DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP

Boca Raton, Florida
February 20, 2024

We have served as NEP's auditor since 2014.

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NEXTERA ENERGY PARTNERS, LP
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(millions, except per unit amounts)
Years Ended December 31,
202320222021
OPERATING REVENUES(a)
$1,078 $969 $722 
OPERATING EXPENSES
Operations and maintenance(b)
520 527 374 
Depreciation and amortization
521 394 251 
Taxes other than income taxes and other
65 40 28 
Total operating expenses – net
1,106 961 653 
GAINS (LOSSES) ON DISPOSAL OF BUSINESSES/ASSETS – NET 36 (5)
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)(28)44 64 
OTHER INCOME (DEDUCTIONS)
Interest expense
(394)848 50 
Equity in earnings of equity method investees
152 177 158 
Equity in earnings of non-economic ownership interests4 56 27 
Other – net
9 5 4 
Total other income (deductions) – net
(229)1,086 239 
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES(257)1,130 303 
INCOME TAX EXPENSE (BENEFIT)(25)161 37 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS(232)969 266 
INCOME FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS, net of tax expense of $59 million, $10 million and $11 million, respectively
450 152 158 
NET INCOME218 1,121 424 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS(18)(644)(287)
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NEXTERA ENERGY PARTNERS, LP$200 $477 $137 
Earnings per common unit attributable to NextEra Energy Partners, LP – basic and assuming dilution:
From continuing operations$0.34 $5.24 $1.34 
From discontinued operations1.84 0.38 0.43 
Earnings per common unit attributable to NextEra Energy Partners, LP – basic and assuming dilution$2.18 $5.62 $1.77 
____________________
(a)    Includes related party revenues of approximately $(12) million, $2 million and $2 million for 2023, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Includes pipeline service revenue of approximately $3 million and $2 million for 2022 and 2021, respectively, related to the pipeline sold in 2022 (see Note 2 – Disposal of Pipeline).
(b)    Includes operations and maintenance (O&M) expenses related to renewable energy projects of approximately $430 million, $342 million and $207 million for 2023, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Includes O&M expenses related to the pipeline sold in 2022 of $1 million and $2 million for 2022 and 2021, respectively (see Note 2 – Disposal of Pipeline). Total O&M expenses presented includes related party amounts of approximately $133 million, $230 million and $174 million for 2023, 2022 and 2021, respectively.















The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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NEXTERA ENERGY PARTNERS, LP
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(millions)

Years Ended December 31,
202320222021
NET INCOME$218 $1,121 $424 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME, NET OF TAX
Other comprehensive income related to equity method investee (net of $0 tax expense, $0 tax expense and $0 tax benefit, respectively)
2 2 2 
Total other comprehensive income, net of tax2 2 2 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME220 1,123 426 
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests(20)(645)(290)
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NEXTERA ENERGY PARTNERS, LP $200 $478 $136 














































The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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NEXTERA ENERGY PARTNERS, LP
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(millions)
December 31,
20232022
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$274 $226 
Accounts receivable114117
Other receivables6441
Due from related parties1,5751,127
Inventory8249
Assets held for sale95
Other107207
Total current assets2,216 1,862 
Other assets:
Property, plant and equipment – net
14,837 14,191 
Intangible assets – PPAs – net
1,987 2,010 
Goodwill833 812 
Investments in equity method investees1,853 1,875 
Assets held for sale 1,408 
Other785 894 
Total other assets20,295 21,190 
TOTAL ASSETS$22,511 $23,052 
LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$72 $867 
Due to related parties87 87 
Current portion of long-term debt1,348 38 
Accrued interest38 28 
Accrued property taxes43 23 
Liabilities associated with assets held for sale 21 
Other83 262 
Total current liabilities1,671 1,326 
Other liabilities and deferred credits:
Long-term debt4,941 5,250 
Asset retirement obligations331 299 
Due to related parties53 54 
Intangible liabilities – PPAs – net
1,210 1,153 
Liabilities associated with assets held for sale 3 
Other248 195 
Total other liabilities and deferred credits6,783 6,954 
TOTAL LIABILITIES8,454 8,280
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS 101 
EQUITY
Common units (93.4 and 86.5 units issued and outstanding, respectively)
3,576 3,332 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(7)(7)
Noncontrolling interests10,488 11,346 
TOTAL EQUITY14,057 14,671 
TOTAL LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS AND EQUITY$22,511 $23,052 







The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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NEXTERA ENERGY PARTNERS, LP
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(millions)
Years Ended December 31,
202320222021
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income$218 $1,121 $424 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization553 430 288 
Intangible amortization – PPAs
82 143 117 
Change in value of derivative contracts284 (1,034)(189)
Deferred income taxes34 171 46 
Equity in earnings of equity method investees, net of distributions received32 3 21 
Equity in earnings of non-economic ownership interests, net of distributions received(4)(50)(21)
Losses (gains) on disposal of businesses/assets – net(375)(36)5 
Other – net20 10 11 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Current assets(34)(43)(6)
Noncurrent assets(81)(2)(7)
Current liabilities(14)63 (10)
Noncurrent liabilities16  (2)
Net cash provided by operating activities731 776 677 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Acquisitions of membership interests in subsidiaries – net(661)(989)(2,352)
Capital expenditures and other investments(1,269)(1,351)(113)
Proceeds from CITCs  75 
Proceeds from sale of a business1,885 204  
Payments to related parties under CSCS agreement – net(1,213)(240)(47)
Distributions from equity method investee 15 1 
Distributions from non-economic ownership interests
  90 
Reimbursements from related parties for capital expenditures1,063 1,161 15 
Other – net1 6 30 
Net cash used in investing activities(194)(1,194)(2,301)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from issuance of common units – net315 147 50 
Issuances of long-term debt, including premiums and discounts2,362 1,505 2,880 
Retirements of long-term debt(1,523)(1,544)(1,159)
Debt issuance costs(12)(17)(12)
Capped call transaction (31)(31)
Partner contributions 2 2 
Partner distributions(741)(636)(619)