EX1A-8 ESCW AGMT 20 tv525280_ex8-1.htm EXHIBIT 8.1

Exhibit 8.1



Escrow Services Agreement


This Escrow Services Agreement (this “Agreement”) is made and entered into as of July 17, 2019 by and between Prime Trust, LLC (“Prime Trust” or “Escrow Agent”), Knightscope, Inc. (the “Issuer”) and Maxim Group LLC (the “Broker”).




WHEREAS, the Issuer proposes to offer for sale and sell securities to prospective investors sourced by the Broker (“Subscribers”), as disclosed in its offering materials, in an offering exempted from registration pursuant to Regulation A promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Offering”), Series S Preferred Stock of the Issuer (the “Securities”) in the amount of up to the maximum amount of $50,000,000 (the “Maximum Amount of the Offering”).


WHEREAS, Issuer has engaged Broker, a registered broker-dealer with the Securities Exchange Commission and member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, to serve as placement agent or underwriter, as applicable, for the Offering.


WHEREAS, Issuer and Broker desire to establish an Escrow Account in which funds received from Subscribers will be held during the Offering, subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement.


WHEREAS, Prime Trust agrees to serve as third-party escrow agent for the Subscribers with respect to such Escrow Account (as defined below) in accordance with the terms and conditions set forth herein.




NOW THEREFORE, in consideration for the mutual covenants, promises, agreements, representations, and warranties contained in this Agreement and other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and adequacy of which is hereby acknowledged, the parties herby agree as follows:


1.Establishment of Escrow Account. Prior to the Issuer conducting closings with Subscribers in connection with the Offering following the date hereof, and prior to the receipt of the first Subscriber funds following such date, Escrow Agent shall establish an account for the Issuer (the “Escrow Account”). All parties agree to maintain the Escrow Account and Escrow Amount (as defined below) in a manner that is compliant with banking and securities regulations. For purposes of communications and directives, Escrow Agent shall be the sole administrator of the Escrow Account.


2.Escrow Period. The escrow period (“Escrow Period”) shall begin with the commencement of the Offering and shall terminate upon the earlier to occur of the following:


a.The date upon which the Maximum Amount of the Offering is received, in bona fide transactions that are fully paid for with cleared funds, which is defined to occur when Escrow Agent has received gross proceeds of the Maximum Amount of the Offering that have cleared in the Escrow Account and the Issuer and Broker have instructed a partial or full closing on those funds.; or


b.The date that is twelve months from the date that the Offering is qualified by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, if the Maximum Amount of the Offering has not been reached; or


c.The date upon which a determination is made by Issuer and/or their authorized representatives to terminate the Offering; or





d.Escrow Agent’s exercise of the termination rights specified in Section 8.


During the Escrow Period, the parties agree that (i) the Escrow Account and escrowed funds will be held for the benefit of the Subscribers, and that (ii) neither Issuer nor the Broker are entitled to any funds received into the Escrow Account, and that no amounts deposited into the Escrow Account shall become the property of Issuer, Broker or any other entity, or be subject to any debts, liens or encumbrances of any kind of Issuer or any other entity, until the contingency has been satisfied by the sale of the Securities to such investors in bona fide transactions that are fully paid and cleared.


3.Deposits into the Escrow Account. All Subscribers will be directed by the Issuer and its agents to transmit their data and subscription amounts, via Escrow Agent’s technology systems (“Issuer Dashboard”), directly to the Escrow Account to be held for the benefit of Subscribers in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and applicable regulations. All Subscribers will transfer funds directly to the Escrow Agent (with checks, if any, made payable to “Prime Trust, LLC as Escrow Agent for Investors in Knightscope, Inc.”) for deposit into the Escrow Account. Escrow Agent shall process all Escrow Amounts for collection through the banking system, shall hold such funds, and shall maintain an accounting of each deposit posted to its ledger, which also sets forth, among other things, each Subscriber’s name and address, the quantity of Securities purchased, and the amount paid. All monies so deposited in the Escrow Account and which have cleared the banking system are hereinafter referred to as the "Escrow Amount." No interest shall be paid to Issuer or Subscribers on balances in the Escrow Account. Issuer shall promptly, concurrent with any new or modified Subscription Agreement and/or offering documents, provide Escrow Agent with a copy of the Subscriber’s subscription and other information as may be reasonably requested by Escrow Agent in the performance of their duties under this Agreement. Escrow Agent is under no duty or responsibility to enforce collection of any funds delivered to it hereunder. Issuer shall assist Escrow Agent with clearing any and all AML and ACH exceptions.


Funds Hold — clearing, settlement and risk management policy: All parties agree that funds are considered “cleared” as follows:
* Wires — 24 hours after receipt of funds
* Checks — 10 days after deposit
* ACH — As transaction must clear in a manner similar to checks, and as Federal regulations provide investors with 60 days to recall funds. For risk reduction and protection, in making an effort to provide flexibility to Issuer, the Escrow Agent shall at its discretion post funds as cleared starting 10 calendar days after receipt. Of course, regardless of this operating policy, Issuer remains liable to immediately and without protestation or delay return to Prime Trust any funds recalled for whatever reason pursuant to Federal regulations.


Notwithstanding the foregoing, cleared funds remain subject to internal compliance review in accordance with internal procedures and applicable rules and regulations. Escrow Agent reserves the right to deny, suspend or terminate participation in the Escrow Account of any Subscriber to the extent Escrow Agent, in its sole and absolute discretion, deems it advisable or necessary to comply with applicable laws or to eliminate practices that are not consistent with laws, rules, regulations or best practices.


4.Disbursements from the Escrow Account.


In the event Escrow Agent receives cleared funds for the purchase Securities prior to the termination of the Escrow Period, and for any point thereafter and Escrow Agent receives a written instruction from Issuer and Broker (generally via notification on the Issuer Dashboard), Escrow Agent shall, pursuant to those instructions, make a disbursement to the Issuer from the Escrow Account. Issuer acknowledges that there is a 24-hour (one business day) processing time once a request has been received to disburse funds from the Escrow Account. Furthermore, Issuer directs Escrow Agent to accept instructions regarding fees from Broker, including other registered securities brokers in the syndicate, if any, or from the API integrated platform or Broker through which this Offering is being conducted, if any.





5.Collection Procedure. Escrow Agent is hereby authorized, upon receipt of Subscriber funds, to promptly deposit them in the Escrow Account. Any Subscriber funds which fail to clear or are subsequently reversed, including but not limited to ACH chargebacks and wire recalls, shall be debited to the Escrow Account, with such debits reflected on the Escrow Account ledger accessible via Escrow Agent’s API or dashboard technology. Any and all escrow fees paid by Issuer, including those for funds receipt and processing are non-refundable, regardless of whether ultimately cleared, failed, rescinded, returned or recalled. In the event of any Subscriber refunds, returns or recalls after funds have already been remitted to Issuer, then Issuer hereby irrevocably agrees to immediately and without delay or dispute send equivalent funds to Escrow Agent to cover such refunds, returns or recalls. If either Broker or Issuer have any dispute or disagreement with its Subscriber then that is separate and apart from this Agreement and Issuer will address such situation directly with said Subscriber, including taking whatever actions Issuer determines appropriate, but Issuer shall regardless remit funds to Escrow Agent and not involve Escrow Agent in any such disputes.


6.Escrow Administration Fees, Compensation of Prime Trust. Escrow Agent is entitled to the escrow administration fees from Issuer as set forth in Schedule A attached hereto. All fees are charged immediately upon receipt of this Agreement and then immediately as they are incurred in Escrow Agent’s performance hereunder and are not contingent in any way on the success or failure of the Offering or transactions contemplated by this Agreement. No fees, charges or expense reimbursements of Escrow Agent are reimbursable, and are not subject to pro-rata analysis. All fees and charges, if not paid by a representative of Issuer (e.g. funding platform, lead syndicate broker, etc.), may be made via either Issuer’s credit card or ACH information on file with Escrow Agent. Escrow Agent may also collect its fee(s), at its option, from any other account held by the Issuer at Prime Trust. It is acknowledged and agreed that no fees, reimbursement for costs and expenses, indemnification for any damages incurred by Issuer, Broker or Escrow Agent shall be paid out of or chargeable to the investor funds on deposit in the Escrow Account unless instructed otherwise pursuant to joint written instructions from the Issuer and the Broker in connection with disbursements made pursuant to Section 4 herein.


7.Representations and Warranties. The Issuer and Broker each covenants and makes the following representations and warranties to Escrow Agent:


a.It is duly organized, validly existing, and in good standing under the laws of the state of its incorporation or organization and has full power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and to perform its obligations hereunder.


b.This Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby have been duly approved by all necessary actions, including any necessary shareholder or membership approval, has been executed by its duly authorized officers, and constitutes a valid and binding agreement enforceable in accordance with its terms.


c.The execution, delivery, and performance of this Agreement is in accordance with the agreements related to the Offering and will not violate, conflict with, or cause a default under its articles of incorporation, bylaws, management agreement or other organizational document, as applicable, any applicable law, rule or regulation, any court order or administrative ruling or decree to which it is a party or any of its property is subject, or any agreement, contract, indenture, or other binding arrangement, including the agreements related to the Offering, to which it is a party or any of its property is subject.





d.The Offering shall contain a statement that Escrow Agent has not investigated the desirability or advisability of investment in the Securities nor approved, endorsed or passed upon the merits of purchasing the Securities; and the name of Escrow Agent has not and shall not be used in any manner in connection with the Offering of the Securities other than to state that Escrow Agent has agreed to serve as escrow agent for the limited purposes set forth in this Agreement.


e.To the knowledge of the Issuer and Broker, as applicable, no party other than the parties hereto has, or shall have, any lien, claim or security interest in the Escrow Funds or any part thereof. To the knowledge of the Issuer and Broker, as applicable, no financing statement under the Uniform Commercial Code is on file in any jurisdiction claiming a security interest in or describing (whether specifically or generally) the Escrow Funds or any part thereof.


f.It possesses such valid and current licenses, certificates, authorizations or permits issued by the appropriate state, federal or foreign regulatory agencies or bodies necessary to conduct its respective businesses, and it has not received any notice of proceedings relating to the revocation or modification of, or non-compliance with, any such license, certificate, authorization or permit.


g.Its business activities are in no way related to Cannabis, gambling, pornography, or firearms.


h.The Offering complies in all material respects with the Act and all applicable laws, rules and regulations.


All of its representations and warranties contained herein are true and complete as of the date hereof and will be true and complete at the time of any disbursement of Escrow Funds.


8.Term and Termination. This Agreement will remain in full force during the Escrow Period and shall terminate upon the following:


a.As set forth in Section 2.


b.Termination for Convenience. Any party may terminate this Agreement at any time for any reason by giving at least thirty (30) days’ written notice.


c.Escrow Agent’s Resignation. Escrow Agent may unilaterally resign by giving written notice to Issuer, whereupon Issuer will immediately appoint a successor escrow agent. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Escrow Agent may terminate this Agreement and thereby unilaterally resign under the circumstances specified in Section 2. Until a successor escrow agent accepts appointment or until another disposition of the subject matter has been agreed upon by the parties, following such resignation notice, Escrow Agent shall be discharged of all of its duties hereunder save to keep the subject matter whole.


9.Binding Arbitration, Applicable Law, Venue, and Attorney’s Fees. This Agreement is governed by, and will be interpreted and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of Nevada, as applicable, without regard to principles of conflict of laws. Any claim or dispute arising under this Agreement may only be brought in arbitration, pursuant to the rules of the American Arbitration Association, with venue in Clark County, Nevada. The parties consent to this method of dispute resolution, as well as jurisdiction, and consent to this being a convenient forum for any such claim or dispute and waives any right it may have to object to either the method or jurisdiction for such claim or dispute. Furthermore, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover damages plus reasonable attorney’s fees and costs and the decision of the arbitrator shall be final, binding and enforceable in any court.





10.Limited Capacity of Escrow Agent. This Agreement expressly and exclusively sets forth the duties of Escrow Agent with respect to any and all matters pertinent hereto, and no implied duties or obligations shall be read into this Agreement against Escrow Agent. Escrow Agent acts hereunder as an escrow agent only and is not associated, affiliated, or involved in the business decisions or business activities of Issuer, Broker, or Subscriber. Escrow Agent is not responsible or liable in any manner whatsoever for the sufficiency, correctness, genuineness, or validity of the subject matter of this Agreement or any part thereof, or for the form of execution thereof, or for the identity or authority of any person executing or depositing such subject matter. Escrow Agent shall be under no duty to investigate or inquire as to the validity or accuracy of any document, agreement, instruction, or request furnished to it hereunder, including, without limitation, the authority or the identity of any signer thereof, believed by it to be genuine, and Escrow Agent may rely and act upon, and shall not be liable for acting or not acting upon, any such document, agreement, instruction, or request, except in case of gross negligence or willful misconduct of the Escrow Agent. Escrow Agent shall in no way be responsible for notifying, nor shall it be responsible to notify, any party thereto or any other party interested in this Agreement of any payment required or maturity occurring under this Agreement or under the terms of any instrument deposited herewith. Escrow Agent’s entire liability, and Broker and Issuer’s exclusive remedy, in any cause of action based on contract, tort, or otherwise in connection with any services furnished pursuant to this Agreement shall be limited to the total fees paid to Escrow Agent by Issuer, except in case of gross negligence or willful misconduct of the Escrow Agent. The Escrow Agent shall not be called upon to advise any party as to the wisdom in selling or retaining or taking or refraining from any action with respect to any securities or other property deposited hereunder. Escrow Agent may consult legal counsel selected by it in the event of any dispute or question as to the construction of any of the provisions hereof or of any other agreement or of its duties hereunder, or relating to any dispute involving any party hereto


11.Indemnity. Issuer agrees to defend, indemnify and hold Escrow Agent and its related entities, directors, employees, service providers, advertisers, affiliates, officers, agents, and partners and third-party service providers (collectively, “Escrow Agent Indemnified Parties”) harmless from and against any loss, liability, claim, or demand, including attorney’s fees (collectively “Expenses”), made by any third party due to or arising out of this Agreement or a material breach of any provision in this Agreement by the Issuer. To the extent arising out of the foregoing, this indemnity shall include, but is not limited to, (a) all Expenses incurred in conjunction with any interpleader that Escrow Agent may enter into regarding this Agreement and/or third-party subpoena or discovery process that may be directed to Escrow Agent Indemnified Parties, and (b) any action(s) by a governmental or trade association authority seeking to impose criminal or civil sanctions on any Escrow Agent Indemnified Parties based on a connection or alleged connection between this Agreement and Issuers business and/or associated persons. These defense, indemnification and hold harmless obligations will survive termination of this Agreement.


12.Entire Agreement, Severability and Force Majeure. This Agreement contains the entire agreement among Broker, Issuer and Escrow Agent regarding the Escrow Account. If any provision of this Agreement is held invalid, the remainder of this Agreement shall continue in full force and effect. Furthermore, no party shall be responsible for any failure to perform due to acts beyond its reasonable control, including terrorism, shortage of supply, labor difficulties (including strikes), war, civil unrest, fire, floods, or other similar causes.





13.Escrow Agent Compliance. Escrow Agent may, at its sole discretion, comply with any new, changed, or reinterpreted regulatory or legal rules, laws or regulations, law enforcement or prosecution policies, and any interpretations of any of the foregoing, and without necessity of notice, Escrow Agent may (i) modify either this Agreement or the Escrow Account, or both, to comply with or conform to such changes or interpretations or (ii) terminate this Agreement or the Escrow Account or both if, in the sole and absolute discretion of Escrow Agent, changes in law enforcement or prosecution policies (or enactment or issuance of new laws or regulations) applicable to the Issuer might expose Escrow Agent to a risk of criminal or civil prosecution, and/or of governmental or regulatory sanctions or forfeitures if Escrow Agent were to continue its performance under this Agreement. Furthermore, all parties agree that this Agreement shall continue in full force and be valid, unchanged and binding upon any successors of Escrow Agent. Changes to this Agreement will be sent to Issuer via email and to the notice address provided below. Escrow Agent may act or refrain from acting in respect of any matter referred to in this Escrow Agreement in full reliance upon and by and with the advice of its legal counsel and shall be fully protected in so acting or in refraining from acting upon advice of counsel. In the event that the Escrow Agent shall be uncertain as to its duties or rights hereunder, the Escrow Agent shall be entitled to (i) refrain from taking any action other than to keep safe the Escrow Amounts until directed otherwise by a court of competent jurisdiction or, (ii) interpead the Escrow Amount to a court of competent jurisdiction.


14.Waivers. No waiver by any party to this Agreement of any condition or breach of any provision of this Agreement will be effective unless in writing. No waiver by any party of any such condition or breach, in any one instance, will be deemed to be a further or continuing waiver of any such condition or breach or a waiver of any other condition or breach of any other provision contained in this Agreement.


15.Notices. Any notice to Escrow Agent is to be sent to escrow@primetrust.com. Any notices to Issuer will be by both mail to Knightscope, Inc., Attention CEO, 1070 Terra Bella Avenue, Mountain View, CA 94043 and by email to invest@knightscope.com and any notices to the Broker will be sent by both mail to Maxim Group LLC, Attention Michael Quintavalla, 405 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY 10174 and by email to mquintavalla@maximgrp.com.


Any party may change their notice or email address giving notice thereof in accordance with this Paragraph. All notices hereunder shall be deemed given: (1) if served in person, when served; (2) if sent by email, on the date of transmission if before 6:00 p.m. Eastern time, provided that a hard copy of such notice is also sent by either a nationally recognized overnight courier or by U.S. Mail, first class; (3) if by overnight courier, by a nationally recognized courier which has a system of providing evidence of delivery, on the first business day after delivery to the courier; or (4) if by U.S. Mail, on the third day after deposit in the mail, postage prepaid, certified mail, return receipt requested. Furthermore, all parties hereby agree that all current and future notices, confirmations and other communications regarding this Agreement specifically, and future communications in general between the parties, may be made by email, sent to the email address of record as set forth above or as otherwise from time to time changed or updated in Issuer Dashboard, directly by the party changing such information, as long as confirmation of receipt, delivery or reading is received, and such form of electronic communication is sufficient for all matters regarding the relationship between the parties. If the sender does not receive confirmation of receipt, delivery or reading of any such electronically-sent communication, the parties shall be obligated to use other means of notice that are specified above.


16.Counterparts; Email; Signatures; Electronic Signatures. This Agreement may be executed in counterparts, each of which will be deemed an original and all of which, taken together, will constitute one and the same instrument, binding on each signatory thereto. This Agreement may be executed by signatures, electronically or otherwise, and delivered by email in .pdf format, which shall be binding upon each signing party to the same extent as an original executed version hereof.





17.Substitute Form W–9: Taxpayer Identification Number certification and backup withholding statement. PRIVACY ACT STATEMENT: Section 6109 of the Internal Revenue Code requires you (Issuer) to provide us with your correct Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN). Under penalties of Perjury, Issuer certifies that: (1) the tax identification number provided to Escrow Agent is the correct taxpayer identification number and (2) Issuer is not subject to backup withholding because: (a) Issuer is exempt from backup withholding, or, (b) Issuer has not been notified by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that it is subject to backup withholding. Notification Obligation: Issuer agrees to immediately inform Prime Trust in writing if it has been, or at any time in the future is notified by the IRS that Issuer is subject to backup withholding.


18.Survival. Even after this Agreement is terminated, Sections 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 and this Section 18 of this Agreement will survive such termination. Upon any termination, Escrow Agent shall be compensated for the services as of the date of the termination or removal.


[Signature Page Follows]





Consent is Hereby Given: By signing this Agreement electronically, Issuer explicitly agrees to receive documents electronically including its copy of this signed Agreement as well as ongoing disclosures, communications, and notices.


Agreed as of the date set forth above by and between:




Knightscope, Inc.



By: /s/ William Santana Li


Name: William Sananta Li

Title: Chairman and CEO




Maxim Group LLC



By: /s/ Clifford A. Teller


Name: Clifford A. Teller

Title: Executive Managing Director, IB





Prime Trust, LLC



By: /s/ Whitney J. White


Name: Whitney J. White

Title: Chief Operating Officer & CTO





Schedule A – KnightScope reg a