0001564590-18-012951.txt : 20180510 0001564590-18-012951.hdr.sgml : 20180510 20180510161151 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001564590-18-012951 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-Q PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 72 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20180331 FILED AS OF DATE: 20180510 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20180510 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: ViewRay, Inc. CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001597313 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: ELECTROMEDICAL & ELECTROTHERAPEUTIC APPARATUS [3845] IRS NUMBER: 421777485 STATE OF INCORPORATION: DE FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-Q SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-37725 FILM NUMBER: 18822627 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 2 THERMO FISHER WAY CITY: OAKWOOD VILLAGE STATE: OH ZIP: 44146 BUSINESS PHONE: 440-703-3210 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 2 THERMO FISHER WAY CITY: OAKWOOD VILLAGE STATE: OH ZIP: 44146 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: Mirax Corp DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 20140116 10-Q 1 vray-10q_20180331.htm 10-Q vray-10q_20180331.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                        to    

Commission File Number: 001-37725

 

ViewRay, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

42-1777485

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

2 Thermo Fisher Way

Oakwood Village, OH

 

44146

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (440) 703-3210

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

As of May 3, 2018, the registrant had 75,084,219 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding.

 

 


VIEWRAY, INC.

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

3

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

7

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

22

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

31

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

31

 

 

 

 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

33

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

33

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

35

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

35

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

35

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

 

35

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

36

 

 

 

 

 

Signatures

 

37

 


2


CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, or this Report, contains forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, in the sections captioned “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and elsewhere. Any and all statements contained in this Report that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed forward-looking statements. Terms such as “may,” “might,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “project,” “estimate,” “pro forma,” “predict,” “potential,” “strategy,” “anticipate,” “attempt,” “develop,” “plan,” “help,” “believe,” “continue,” “intend,” “expect,” “future” and terms of similar import (including the negative of any of the foregoing) may be intended to identify forward-looking statements. However, not all forward-looking statements may contain one or more of these identifying terms. Forward-looking statements in this Report may include, without limitation, statements regarding (i) the plans and objectives of management for future operations, including plans or objectives relating to the development of products, (ii) a projection of income (including income/loss), earnings (including earnings/loss) per share, capital expenditures, dividends, capital structure or other financial items, (iii) our future financial performance, including any such statement contained in a discussion and analysis of financial condition by management or in the results of operations included pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, and (iv) the assumptions underlying or relating to any statement described in points (i), (ii) or (iii) above.

The forward-looking statements are not meant to predict or guarantee actual results, performance, events or circumstances and may not be realized because they are based upon our current projections, plans, objectives, beliefs, expectations, estimates and assumptions and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties and other influences, many of which we have no control over. Actual results and the timing of certain events and circumstances may differ materially from those described by the forward-looking statements as a result of these risks and uncertainties. Factors that may influence or contribute to the inaccuracy of the forward-looking statements or cause actual results to differ materially from expected or desired results may include, without limitation:

 

market acceptance of magnetic resonance imaging (“MRI”) guided radiation therapy;

 

the benefits of MR Image-Guided radiation therapy;

 

our ability to successfully sell and market MRIdian in our existing and expanded geographies;

 

the performance of MRIdian in clinical settings;

 

competition from existing technologies or products or new technologies and products that may emerge;

 

the pricing and reimbursement of MR Image-Guided radiation therapy;

 

the implementation of our business model and strategic plans for our business and MRIdian;

 

the scope of protection we are able to establish and maintain for intellectual property rights covering MRIdian;

 

our ability to obtain regulatory approval in targeted markets for MRIdian;

 

estimates of our future revenue, expenses, capital requirements and our need for additional financing;

 

our financial performance;

 

our expectations related to the MRIdian linear accelerator technology, or MRIdian Linac;

 

developments relating to our competitors and the healthcare industry; and

 

other risks and uncertainties, including those listed under the section titled “Risk Factors.”

Any forward-looking statements in this Report reflect our current views with respect to future events or to our future financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from current expectations include, among other things, those listed under Part II, Item 1A, titled “Risk Factors” and discussed elsewhere in this Report. Given these uncertainties, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. We disclaim any obligation to update the forward-looking statements contained in this Report to reflect any new information or future events or circumstances or otherwise, except as required by law.

This Report also contains estimates, projections and other information concerning our industry, our business, and the markets for certain devices, including data regarding the estimated size of those markets. Information that is based on estimates, forecasts, projections, market research or similar methodologies is inherently subject to uncertainties and actual events or circumstances may differ materially from events and circumstances reflected in this information. Unless otherwise expressly stated, we obtained this industry, business, market and other data from reports, research surveys, studies and similar data prepared by market research firms and other third parties, industry, medical and general publications, government data and similar sources.

3


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

VIEWRAY, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

78,916

 

 

$

57,389

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

26,171

 

 

 

20,326

 

Inventory

 

 

30,441

 

 

 

19,375

 

Deposits on purchased inventory

 

 

10,001

 

 

 

7,043

 

Deferred cost of revenue

 

 

4,110

 

 

 

13,696

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

4,374

 

 

 

4,862

 

Total current assets

 

 

154,013

 

 

 

122,691

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

12,955

 

 

 

11,564

 

Restricted cash

 

 

1,143

 

 

 

1,143

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

73

 

 

 

78

 

Other assets

 

 

441

 

 

 

235

 

TOTAL ASSETS

 

$

168,625

 

 

$

135,711

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

13,443

 

 

$

11,014

 

Accrued liabilities

 

 

7,897

 

 

 

7,207

 

Customer deposits

 

 

9,620

 

 

 

17,820

 

Deferred revenue, current portion

 

 

9,670

 

 

 

20,151

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

40,630

 

 

 

56,192

 

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

 

 

3,343

 

 

 

3,238

 

Long-term debt

 

 

44,551

 

 

 

44,504

 

Warrant liabilities

 

 

14,238

 

 

 

22,420

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

8,199

 

 

 

7,370

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

 

 

110,961

 

 

 

133,724

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible preferred stock, par value of $0.01 per share; 10,000,000 shares authorized

   at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017; 3,000,581 shares issued and outstanding

   at March 31, 2018 and no shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017

 

 

30

 

 

 

 

Common stock, par value of $0.01 per share; 300,000,000 shares authorized at

   March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017; 72,022,089 and 67,653,974 shares

   issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017

 

 

710

 

 

 

666

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

384,319

 

 

 

321,174

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(327,395

)

 

 

(319,853

)

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

57,664

 

 

 

1,987

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

$

168,625

 

 

$

135,711

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


VIEWRAY, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product

 

$

25,379

 

 

$

 

Service

 

 

692

 

 

 

1,108

 

Distribution rights

 

 

119

 

 

 

119

 

Total revenue

 

 

26,190

 

 

 

1,227

 

Cost of revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product

 

 

19,711

 

 

 

266

 

Service

 

 

909

 

 

 

776

 

Total cost of revenue

 

 

20,620

 

 

 

1,042

 

Gross margin

 

 

5,570

 

 

 

185

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

3,770

 

 

 

2,914

 

Selling and marketing

 

 

3,246

 

 

 

1,072

 

General and administrative

 

 

9,846

 

 

 

7,151

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

16,862

 

 

 

11,137

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(11,292

)

 

 

(10,952

)

Interest income

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

Interest expense

 

 

(1,866

)

 

 

(1,737

)

Other income (expense), net

 

 

8,342

 

 

 

(15,273

)

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

$

(4,814

)

 

$

(27,961

)

Provision for income taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss and comprehensive loss

 

$

(4,814

)

 

$

(27,961

)

Amortization of beneficial conversion feature related to Series A convertible preferred stock

 

$

(2,728

)

 

$

 

Net loss attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted

 

$

(7,542

)

 

$

(27,961

)

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

 

$

(0.11

)

 

$

(0.54

)

Weighted-average common shares used to compute net loss per share attributable

   to common stockholders, basic and diluted

 

 

68,943,918

 

 

 

51,821,422

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


VIEWRAY, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(4,814

)

 

$

(27,961

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

658

 

 

 

467

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

1,190

 

 

 

769

 

Accretion on asset retirement obligation

 

 

10

 

 

 

9

 

Change in fair value of warrant liabilities

 

 

(8,182

)

 

 

15,231

 

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

Amortization of debt discount and interest accrual

 

 

870

 

 

 

785

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(5,845

)

 

 

928

 

Inventory

 

 

(12,021

)

 

 

(2,134

)

Deposits on purchased inventory

 

 

(2,958

)

 

 

(1,951

)

Deferred cost of revenue

 

 

9,126

 

 

 

(2,341

)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

282

 

 

 

(1,675

)

Accounts payable

 

 

2,081

 

 

 

560

 

Accrued expenses and other long-term liabilities

 

 

725

 

 

 

(138

)

Customer deposits and deferred revenue

 

 

(18,576

)

 

 

5,481

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(37,454

)

 

 

(11,964

)

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(497

)

 

 

(319

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(497

)

 

 

(319

)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from common stock private placement, gross

 

 

 

 

 

26,100

 

Payment of offering costs related to common stock private placement

 

 

 

 

 

(210

)

Proceeds from at-the-market offering of common stock, gross

 

 

 

 

 

21,921

 

Payment of offering costs related to at-the-market offering of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

(427

)

Proceeds from direct registered offering, gross

 

 

59,100

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

 

 

378

 

 

 

2

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

59,478

 

 

 

47,386

 

NET INCREASE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH

 

 

21,527

 

 

 

35,103

 

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH — BEGINNING OF PERIOD

 

 

58,532

 

 

 

15,341

 

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH — END OF PERIOD

 

$

80,059

 

 

$

50,444

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

996

 

 

$

951

 

SUPPLEMENTAL NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

228

 

 

$

135

 

Transfer of property and equipment from inventory and deferred cost of revenue

 

$

1,415

 

 

$

 

Offering cost in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

177

 

 

$

394

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


VIEWRAY, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

 

1.Background and Organization

ViewRay, Inc., or ViewRay or the Company, and its wholly owned subsidiary ViewRay Technologies, Inc., designs, manufactures and markets MRIdian, an MR Image-Guided radiation therapy system to simultaneously image and treat cancer patients.

Since inception, ViewRay Technologies, Inc. has devoted substantially all of its efforts towards research and development, initial selling and marketing activities, raising capital and the manufacturing and shipment of MRIdian systems. In May 2012, ViewRay Technologies, Inc. was granted clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, to sell MRIdian with Cobalt-60. In November 2013, ViewRay Technologies, Inc. received its first clinical acceptance of a MRIdian with Cobalt-60 at a customer site, and the first patient was treated with that system in January 2014. ViewRay Technologies, Inc. has had the right to affix the CE mark to MRIdian with Cobalt-60 in the European Economic Area since November 2014. In September 2016, the Company received the rights to affix the CE mark to MRIdian Linac, and in February 2017, the Company received 510(k) clearance from the FDA to market MRIdian Linac.

 

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis of the Company continuing as a going concern for a reasonable period of time. The Company’s principal sources of liquidity are cash flows from public and private offerings of capital stock and available borrowings under its term loan agreement, as well as cash from the sale of its systems and services. These have historically been sufficient to meet working capital needs, capital expenditures, and debt service obligations. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company incurred a net loss of $4.8 million, and used cash in operations of $37.5 million. The Company believes that its existing cash balance of $78.9 million as of March 31, 2018, together with anticipated cash receipts from sales of MRIdian systems is sufficient to fund its operations for at least the next 12 months.

2.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP, and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of ViewRay, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiary, ViewRay Technologies, Inc. All inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

In the opinion of management, all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, have been included. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018 or any future period. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and their notes should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standard Codification Topic 606, or ASC 606, Revenues from Contracts with Customers, by using the full retrospective method. The adoption of ASC 606 has no impact on the Company’s prior period financial statements.  Please see the Company’s “Revenue Recognition” policy in the “Significant Accounting Policies” section below for further information and related disclosures.

Significant Accounting Policies

The significant accounting policies used in preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements are disclosed in the notes to consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on March 12, 2018, and have not changed significantly since that filing, except for the impact of the adoption of the new accounting guidance related to revenue recognition.  

Revenue Recognition

The Company derives revenues primarily from the sale of MRIdian systems and related services as well as support and maintenance services on sold systems. The Company accounts for revenue contracts with customers by applying the requirements of ASC 606, which includes the following steps:

7


 

Identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer;

 

Identification of the performance obligations in the contract;

 

Determination of the transaction price;

 

Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and

 

Recognition of revenue when, or as, the Company satisfies a performance obligation.

 

In all sales arrangements, revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services are transferred to customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services. For sales of MRIdian systems that the Company is required to install at the customer site, product revenue is recognized upon receipt of customer acceptance. For sales of MRIdian systems for which the Company is not responsible for installing, product revenue is recognized when the entire system is delivered and control of the system is transferred to the customer. For sales of the related support and maintenance services, a time-elapsed method is used to measure progress toward complete satisfaction of performance obligations and service revenue is recognized ratably over the service contract term, which is typically 12 months.

 

Arrangements with Multiple Performance Obligation

The Company frequently enters into sales arrangements that include multiple performance obligations, which mainly consist of (i) sale of MRIdian systems, which generally includes installation and embedded software, and (ii) product support, which includes extended service and maintenance. For such arrangements, the Company allocates revenue to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. The standalone selling price, or SSP, is determined based on observable prices at which the Company separately sells the products and services. If an SSP is not directly observable, the Company will estimate the SSP considering market conditions or internally approved pricing guidelines related to the performance obligations.

Product Revenue

Product revenue is derived primarily from the sales of MRIdian system. The system contains both software and non-software components that together deliver essential functionality.

The Company’s customer contracts generally call for on-site assembly of the system components and system integration. Once the system installation is completed, the Company performs a detailed demonstration with the customer showing that the MRIdian system meets the standard product specifications. After successful demonstration, the customer signs a document indicating customer’s acceptance. For sales of MRIdian systems that the Company is required to install at the customer site, revenue recognition occurs when the customer acknowledges that the system operates in accordance with standard product specifications, the customer accepts the installed unit by signing the acceptance document and the control of the system is transferred to the customer.

Certain customer contracts with distributors do not require ViewRay installation at the customer site, and the distributors typically have their own or engage a qualifying third-party certified technician to perform the installation. For sales of MRIdian systems for which the Company is not responsible for installation, revenue recognition occurs when the entire system is delivered and the control of the system is transferred to the customer.

Service Revenue

Service revenue is derived primarily from maintenance services. The maintenance and support service is a stand-ready obligation which is performed over the term of the arrangement and, as a result, service revenue is recognized ratably over the service period as the customers benefit from the service throughout the service period.

Distribution Rights Revenue

In December 2014, the Company entered into a distribution agreement with Itochu Corporation pursuant to which it appointed Itochu as its exclusive distributor for the promotion, sale and delivery of MRIdian products within Japan.  In consideration of the exclusive distribution rights granted, the Company received $4.0 million, which was recorded as deferred revenue. Starting in August 2016, distribution rights revenue is recognized ratably over the remaining term of the distribution agreement of approximately 8.5 years A time-elapsed method is used to measure progress because the control is transferred evenly over the remaining contractual period. 

The following table presents revenue disaggregated by types and geography (in thousands):

 

 

8


 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

U.S.

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Product

 

$

13,535

 

 

$

 

Service

 

 

396

 

 

 

879

 

Total U.S. revenue

 

$

13,931

 

 

$

879

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outside of U.S. ("OUS")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product

 

$

11,844

 

 

$

 

Service

 

 

296

 

 

 

229

 

Distribution rights

 

 

119

 

 

 

119

 

Total OUS revenue

 

$

12,259

 

 

$

348

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product

 

$

25,379

 

 

$

 

Service

 

 

692

 

 

 

1,108

 

Distribution rights

 

 

119

 

 

 

119

 

Total revenue

 

$

26,190

 

 

$

1,227

 

 

Contract Balances

The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in trade receivables, customer deposit, deferred revenues and deferred cost of revenue on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Customer deposits represent payments received in advance of system installation. For domestic and international sales, advance payments received prior to inventory shipments and customer acceptance are recorded as customer deposits. Advance payments are subsequently reclassified to deferred revenue upon inventory shipment when the title and risk of loss of inventory items transfer to customers. All customer deposits, including those that are expected to be a deposit for more than one year, are classified as current liabilities based on consideration of the Company’s normal operating cycle (the time between acquisition of the inventory components and the final cash collection from customers on these inventory components) which is in excess of one year.

Deferred revenue consists of deferred product revenue and deferred service revenue. Deferred product revenue arises from timing differences between the fulfillment of other contract obligation and satisfaction of all revenue recognition criteria consistent with the Company’s revenue recognition policy. Deferred service revenue results from the advance billing for services to be delivered over a period of time. Deferred revenues expected to be realized within one year or normal operating cycle are classified as current liabilities.

Deferred cost of revenue consists of cost for inventory items that have been shipped with title and risk of loss transferred to the customer, but the customer acceptance has not been received. Deferred cost of revenue is included as part of current assets as the corresponding deferred product revenue is expected to be realized within one year or normal operating cycle.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $22.2 million and $0.4 million revenue that was included in the deferred revenue balance at the beginning of each reporting period.

Practical Expedients Election

As part of the Company's adoption of ASC 606, the Company elected to use the practical expedient to expense costs to obtain a contract as incurred when the amortization period would have been one year or less, which mainly includes the Company's internal sales force compensation program.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

9


In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, FASB, issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) and issued subsequent amendments to the initial guidance in September 2017 within ASU 2017-13 and in January 2018 within ASU 2018-01 (collectively, Topic 842). Topic 842 supersedes the Accounting Standards Codification 840, Leases, and requires lessees to recognize all leases, with exception of short-term leases, as a lease liability on the balance sheet. Under this ASU, a lease is defined as a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis, and a right-of-use asset which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset during the lease term. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flow from leases. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods therein. Early adoption is permitted. As disclosed in Note 6, future minimum payments under noncancelable operating leases are approximately $1.9 million. This new standard will require the present value of these leases to be recorded in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as a right of use asset and lease liability. The Company is continuing to evaluate the impact of this guidance on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.  

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASC 606. Under the standard, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services in an amount that reflects the consideration the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted the requirements of ASC 606 using the full retrospective method. The adoption has no impact on the prior period financial statements, and the related disclosures required by the new standard have been updated in the “Significant Accounting Policies” section above.

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU No.2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments and ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash on a retrospective basis. The adoption of ASU No. 2016-15 did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of cash flows and related disclosures. Under ASU 2016-18, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalent amounts are presented along with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the total beginning and ending amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The Company reflected the impact of ASU No. 2016-18 to the comparative prior period which resulted in an increase in the beginning and ending cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of $1.1 million.  

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides clarified guidance on applying modification accounting to changes in the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The Company adopted ASU No. 2017-09 as required on January 1, 2018, and there was no material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In the first quarter of 2018, the Company adopted ASU No. 2018-05, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, which included amendments to expand income tax accounting and disclosure guidance pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 , or SAB 118, issued by the SEC in December 2017. SAB 118 provides guidance on accounting for the income tax effects of the Tax Reform Act. Refer to Note 12, Income Taxes for more information and disclosures related to this amended guidance.

 

3.

Balance Sheet Components

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

Prototype

 

$

11,938

 

 

$

11,929

 

Machinery and equipment

 

 

9,731

 

 

 

7,831

 

Leasehold improvements

 

 

4,565

 

 

 

4,438

 

Software

 

 

1,120

 

 

 

1,142

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

 

588

 

 

 

558

 

Property and equipment, gross

 

 

27,942

 

 

 

25,898

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

(14,987

)

 

 

(14,334

)

Property and equipment, net

 

$

12,955

 

 

$

11,564

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense related to property and equipment were $653 thousand and $462 thousand during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  

10


Intangible Assets

Intangible assets consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

License cost

 

$

512

 

 

$

512

 

Patents

 

 

104

 

 

 

104

 

Intangible assets, gross

 

 

616

 

 

 

616

 

Accumulated amortization

 

 

(543

)

 

 

(538

)

Intangible assets, net

 

$

73

 

 

$

78

 

 

Intangible assets amortization expense was $5,000 for each of the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017. Amortization of intangible assets was recorded in general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

At March 31, 2018, the estimated future amortization expense of intangible assets was as follows (in thousands):

 

Year Ending December 31,

 

Estimated Future

Amortization

Expense

 

The remainder of 2018

 

$

14

 

2019

 

 

19

 

2020

 

 

19

 

2021

 

 

10

 

2022

 

 

3

 

2023

 

 

1

 

Thereafter

 

 

7

 

Total amortization expense

 

$

73

 

 

Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

Accrued payroll and related benefits

 

$

5,062

 

 

$

3,944

 

Accrued accounts payable

 

 

2,180

 

 

 

2,671

 

Accrued legal, accounting and governance fees

 

 

198

 

 

 

322

 

Tax payable

 

 

401

 

 

 

149

 

Other

 

 

56

 

 

 

121

 

Total accrued liabilities

 

$

7,897

 

 

$

7,207

 

 

Deferred Revenue

Deferred revenue consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

Deferred revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product

 

$

6,551

 

 

$

18,861

 

Services

 

 

3,234

 

 

 

1,182

 

Distribution rights

 

 

3,228

 

 

 

3,346

 

Total deferred revenue

 

 

13,013

 

 

 

23,389

 

Less: current portion of deferred revenue

 

 

(9,670

)

 

 

(20,151

)

Noncurrent portion of deferred revenue

 

$

3,343

 

 

$

3,238

 

 

 

11


4.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The Company’s financial instruments that are carried at fair value mainly consist of Level 1 assets and Level 3 liabilities. Level 1 assets include highly liquid bank deposits and money market funds, which were not material at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017. Level 3 liabilities that are measured on a recurring basis consist of the 2017 and 2016 Placement Warrants, as described in Note 8. Placement warrant liabilities are valued using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. Generally, increases (decreases) in the fair value of the underlying stock and estimated term would result in a directionally similar impact to the fair value of the warrants (see Note 10).

The gains and losses from re-measurement of Level 3 financial liabilities are recorded as part of other income (expense), net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded a gain of $8.2 million and a loss of $15.2 million, respectively, related to the change in fair value of the 2017 and 2016 Placement Warrants. There have been no transfers between Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 in any periods presented.

The following table sets forth the fair value of the Company’s financial liabilities by level within the fair value hierarchy (in thousands):

 

 

 

At March 31, 2018

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

2017 Placement Warrants Liability

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

7,932

 

 

$

7,932

 

2016 Placement Warrants Liability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,306

 

 

 

6,306

 

Total

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

14,238

 

 

$

14,238

 

 

 

 

At December 31, 2017

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

2017 Placement Warrants Liability

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

12,487

 

 

$

12,487

 

2016 Placement Warrants Liability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,933

 

 

 

9,933

 

    Total

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

22,420

 

 

$

22,420

 

 

The following table sets forth a summary of the changes in fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial liabilities (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Fair value, beginning of period

 

$

22,420

 

 

$

2,723

 

Issuance of 2017 Placement Warrants

 

 

 

 

 

3,373

 

Change in fair value of Level 3 financial liabilities

 

 

(8,182

)

 

 

15,231

 

Fair value, end of period

 

$

14,238

 

 

$

21,327

 

 

5.

Debt

CRG Term Loan

In June 2015, ViewRay Technologies, Inc. entered into a Term Loan Agreement, or the CRG Term Loan, with Capital Royalty Partners II L.P., Capital Royalty Partners II – Parallel Fund “A” L.P., Capital Royalty Partners II (Cayman) L.P. and Parallel Investment Opportunities Partners II L.P. or together with their successors by assignment, CRG, for up to $50.0 million of which $30.0 million was made available to the Company upon closing with the remaining $20.0 million available on or before June 26, 2016 at its option upon the occurrence of either: (i) an initial public offering of its common stock on a nationally recognized securities exchange that raises a minimum of $40.0 million in net cash proceeds with a minimum of $120.0 million post-money valuation, or Qualifying IPO, or (ii) achievement of a minimum of $25.0 million gross revenue from the sales of the MRIdian system during any consecutive 12 months before March 31, 2016. The Company drew down the first $30.0 million on the closing date. The CRG Term Loan has a maturity date of June 26, 2020 and bears cash interest at a rate of 12.5% per annum to be paid quarterly during the interest-payment-only period of 3 years. In April 2017, the CRG Term Loan was amended to allow for interest-payment-only until March 31, 2020. During the interest-payment-only period, the Company has the option to elect to pay only 8% of the 12.5% per annum interest in cash, and the remaining 4.5% of the 12.5% per annum interest as compounded interest, or deferred payment in-kind interest, added to the aggregate principal amount of the CRG Term Loan. Principal payment and any deferred payment in-kind interest will be paid quarterly in equal installments following the end of the interest-payment-only period through maturity date.

The CRG Term Loan is subject to a prepayment penalty of: 3% on the outstanding balance during the first 12 months following the funding of the Term Loan; 2% on the outstanding balance after year 1 but on or before year 2; 1% on the outstanding balance after

12


year 2 but on or before year 3; and 0% on the outstanding loan if prepaid after year 3 thereafter until maturity. The Term Loan is also subject to a facility fee of 7% based on the sum of the amount drawn and any outstanding payment in-kind interest payable on the maturity date or the date the Term II loan becomes due. All direct financing costs were accounted for as a discount on the CRG Term Loan and will be amortized to interest expense during the life of the loan using the effective interest method. The CRG Term Loan is subject to financial covenants and is collateralized by essentially all assets of the Company and limits its ability with respect to additional indebtedness, investments or dividends, among other things, subject to customary exceptions.

In March 2016, the Company and CRG executed an amendment to the original terms of the CRG Term Loan such that, with regard to the conditions for borrowing the remaining $20.0 million available under the CRG Term Loan, the Company may, at its election, draw down: (i) an amount of either $10.0 million or $15.0 million in up to two advances upon achievement of a minimum of $15.0 million of aggregate product and service revenue during any consecutive 12 month period ending on or before March 31, 2016; and (ii) an additional $5.0 million (or $10.0 million, if the previous draw made was only in an amount of $10.0 million) upon achievement of a minimum of $25.0 million of aggregate product and service revenue during any consecutive 12 month period ending on or before December 31, 2016 and upon execution of the first sales contract of the Company’s second generation product.  The Company achieved the minimum of $15.0 million gross revenue requirement in March 2016, which made the first $15.0 million of the remaining $20.0 million credit facility immediately available for draw down.  In May 2016, the Company drew down the additional $15.0 million available amount.

In April 2017, the Company and CRG executed an amendment to the terms of its CRG Term Loan. Amendments to the CRG Term Loan include availability of the existing $5.0 million tranche at ViewRay’s option through June 30, 2017, the addition of a $15.0 million tranche of borrowing capacity available at ViewRay’s option through September 30, 2017, extension of the interest-only and payment in-kind period, a decrease to the combined 2016 and 2017 revenue covenant and a 1.75% increase to the facility fee. In October 2017, the Company and CRG executed another amendment to the terms of its CRG Term Loan, as amended in March 2016 and April 2017. This amendment extended the availability of the existing $15.0 million borrowing capacity through December 31, 2017. The Company did not draw down any amounts under the $5.0 million or the $15.0 million tranches and they have since expired.

In February 2018, the Company and CRG executed an amendment to the terms of its CRG Term Loan to decrease the amount of the minimum combined 2016 and 2017 revenue covenant.

At March 31, 2018, the Company had $45.0 million in outstanding debt and $5.3 million in deferred payment in-kind interest to CRG and was in compliance with all financial covenants under the CRG Term Loan.      

6.

Commitments and Contingencies

Operating Leases

The Company leases office space in Oakwood Village, Ohio and Mountain View, California under noncancelable operating leases. At March 31, 2018, the future minimum payments for the operating leases are as follows (in thousands):

 

Year Ending December 31,

 

Future Minimum

Payments

 

The remainder of 2018

 

$

840

 

2019

 

 

1,039

 

Total future minimum payments

 

$

1,879

 

 

Contingencies

The Company is subject to claims and assessments from time to time in the ordinary course of business. The Company records a provision for a liability when it believes that it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Significant judgment is required to determine both probability and the estimated amount.

In the normal course of business, the Company may become involved in legal proceedings. The Company will accrue a liability for legal proceedings when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. When only a range of possible loss can be established, the most probable amount in the range is accrued. If no amount within this range is a better estimate than any other amount within the range, the minimum amount in the range is accrued. The accrual for a litigation loss contingency might include, for example, estimates of potential damages, outside legal fees and other directly related costs expected to be incurred. At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company was not involved in any material legal proceedings.

13


Purchase Commitments

At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had no outstanding firm purchase commitments.

7.

Distribution Agreement

In December 2014, the Company entered into a distribution agreement with Itochu Corporation, or Itochu, a Japanese entity, pursuant to which the Company appointed Itochu as its exclusive distributor for the sale and delivery of the Company’s MRIdian products within Japan. The exclusive distribution agreement has an initial term of 10 years from December 2014 and contains features customary in these types of distribution agreements. Under this distribution agreement, the Company will supply its products and services to Itochu based upon the Company’s then-current pricing.  In consideration of the exclusive distribution rights granted, Itochu agreed to pay a distribution fee of $4.0 million in three installments: (i) the first installment of $1.0 million was due upon execution of the distribution agreement; (ii) the second installment of $1.0 million was due within 10 business days following submission of the application for regulatory approval of the Company’s product to the Japan regulatory authority; and (iii) the final installment of $2.0 million was due within 10 business days following receipt of approval for the Company’s product from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. The distribution fee paid by Itochu was refundable if the Company failed to obtain the approval from the Japan regulatory authority before December 31, 2017. The first and second installments of $2.0 million in aggregate were received in December 2014 and December 2015, respectively. In August 2016, the Company received the third and final $2.0 million installment upon the receipt of regulatory approval to market MRIdian in Japan. The entire $4.0 million distribution fee received was reclassified to deferred revenue as it was no longer refundable. In August 2016, the Company started recognizing distribution rights revenue ratably over the remaining term of the exclusive distribution agreement of approximately 8.5 years. A time-elapsed method is used to measure progress because the control is transferred evenly over the remaining contractual period. The distribution rights revenue was $119 thousand each for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.  

8.

Equity Financing

Private Placements

In September 2016, the Company completed the final closing of a private placement offering, or the 2016 Private Placement, through which it sold (i) 4,602,506 shares of its common stock and (ii) warrants that provide the warrant holders the right to purchase 1,380,745 shares of common stock, or the 2016 Placement Warrants, and raised total gross proceeds of $13.8 million. The 2016 Placement Warrants have an exercise price of $2.95 per share, are exercisable at any time at the option of the holder and expire seven years from the date of issuance.

In January 2017, the Company completed the final closing of a private placement offering, or the 2017 Private Placement, through which it sold (i) 8,602,589 shares of its common stock and (ii) warrants that provide the warrant holders the right to purchase 1,720,512 shares of common stock, or the 2017 Placement Warrants, and raised total gross proceeds of $26.1 million. The 2017 Placement Warrants have an exercise price of $3.17 per share, became exercisable in July 2017 and expire in January 2024.

Direct Registered Offerings

In October 2017, the Company entered into Securities Purchase Agreements pursuant to which it sold an aggregate of 8,382,643 shares of common stock for total gross proceeds of $49.9 million, or the October 2017 Direct Registered Offering. The October 2017 Direct Registered Offering was closed on October 25, 2017. 

In February 2018, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement pursuant to which it sold (i) 4,090,000 shares of common stock; (ii) 3,000,581 shares of Series A convertible preferred stock and (iii) warrants to purchase 1,418,116 shares of common stock, or the 2018 Offering Warrants for total gross proceeds of $59.1 million, or the March 2018 Direct Registered Offering. The March 2018 Direct Registered Offering was closed on March 5, 2018. The 2018 Offering Warrants have an exercise price of $8.31 per share, became exercisable upon issuance and expire in March 2025.

At-The-Market Offering of Common Stock

In January 2017, the Company filed a shelf registration statement on Form S-3 with the SEC, which included a base prospectus covering the offering, issuance and sale of up to a maximum aggregate offering of $75.0 million of the Company’s common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, warrants, purchase contracts and/or units and entered into a sales agreement with FBR Capital Markets & Co., or FBR, under which it may sell up to $25.0 million of its common shares pursuant to an at-the-market offering program in accordance with Rule 415(a)(4) under the Securities Act. FBR acted as sales agent on a best efforts basis and used commercially reasonable efforts to sell on behalf of the Company all of the shares of common stock requested to be sold by the Company, consistent with its normal trading and sales practices, on mutually agreed terms between FBR and the Company. There is no arrangement for funds to be received in any escrow, trust or similar arrangement. In April 2017, the Company agreed to sell up to

14


an additional $25.0 million of the Company’s common stock in accordance with the terms of a sales agreement with FBR and pursuant to an at-the-market offering program in accordance with Rule 415(a)(4) under the Securities Act.

FBR is entitled to compensation of up to 3.0% of the gross sales price per share sold. In connection with the sale of the Company’s common stock on the Company’s behalf, FBR is deemed to be an “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act and the compensation of FBR is deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts. The Company has also agreed to provide indemnification and contribution to FBR with respect to certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.

In fiscal year 2017, the Company sold an aggregate of 6,575,062 shares of its common stock at an average market price of $6.10 per share, resulting in aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $40.1 million. No securities were sold under the at-the-market offering program in the first quarter of 2018.

9. Convertible Preferred Stock

In March 2018, the Company issued 3,000,581 shares of Series A convertible preferred stock to an existing investor through the 2018 Direct Registered Offering at a price of $8.31per share (see Note 8). At the date of the financing, because the effective conversion rate of the preferred stock was less than the market value of the Company’s common stock, a beneficial conversion feature of $2.7 million has been recorded as a discount to the convertible preferred stock and an increase to additional paid in capital. Because the preferred stock is perpetual and is convertible at the option of the holder at any time, the Company fully amortized the discount related to the beneficial conversion feature as a deemed dividend which was recognized as an increase to accumulated deficit and net loss attributable to common stockholders.

Except as set forth below, each share of Series A convertible preferred stock has the same rights and privileges as a share of common stock, and ranks equally with a share of common stock with respect to any dividend, liquidation, winding up or dissolution of the Company. The rights, privileges and preferences of Series A convertible preferred stock as of March 31, 2018 were as follows:

Voting Rights

The holders of Series A convertible preferred stock have no voting rights with respect to the election or composition of the Company’s Board of Directors. On all other matters, they are entitled to vote, together with the holders of common stock as a single class on an as converted to common stock basis.

Conversion Rights

Each share of Series A convertible preferred stock is convertible by holders into a fully paid and non-assessable share of common stock on a one-for-one basis, subject to anti-dilution adjustments (the “Conversion Rate”).

Anti-dilution Adjustments of Conversion Rate

In the event the Company declares and pays a dividend or makes a distribution on common stock payable in common stock, the Conversion Rate in effect immediately prior to the record date for that dividend or distribution will be adjusted by multiplying that Conversion Rate by a fraction:

 

the numerator of which shall be the sum of the number of shares of common stock outstanding immediately prior to the record date for such dividend or distribution and the total number of shares of common stock constituting such dividend or distribution; and

 

the denominator of which shall be the number of shares of common stock outstanding immediately prior to the record date for such dividend or distribution.

In the event the Company subdivides or splits the outstanding shares of common stock into a greater number of shares, or combines or reclassifies the outstanding shares of common stock into a smaller number of shares, the Conversion Rate in effect immediately prior to the effective date of such subdivision, split, combination or reclassification will be adjusted by multiplying such Conversion rate by a fraction:

 

the numerator of which shall be the number of shares of common stock outstanding immediately after such subdivision, split, combination or reclassification; and

 

the denominator of which shall be the number of shares of common stock outstanding immediately prior to such subdivision, split, combination or reclassification.

15


In the event of any consolidation or merger of the Company pursuant to which the Company’s common stock will be converted into cash, securities or other property, any sale, transfer lease or conveyance to another person of all or substantially all of the Company’s property and assets, any reclassification of the common stock into securities, including securities other than the Company’s common stock, and any statutory exchange of the outstanding shares of common stock for securities of another person (other than in connection with a merger or acquisition), each share of Series A convertible preferred stock outstanding immediately prior to such event will, without the consent of the holders thereof, become convertible into the kind and amount of securities, cash and other property receivable in such event that the holder would have been entitled to receive if the Series A convertible preferred stock had been converted into common stock immediately prior to such event.

Dividends

Holders of Series A convertible preferred stock rank equally with the common stockholders and are not entitled to any cumulative or noncumulative dividends in preference to the common stockholders. In the event dividends are paid on common stock, dividends will also be paid on all outstanding shares of Series A convertible preferred stock ratably on an as-converted basis.

Liquidation Preferences

Upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, company assets will be distributed pro rata among the holders of Series A convertible preferred stock and common stock, treating all convertible preferred stock as if it were converted to common stock.

Redemption

The Series A convertible preferred stock is not redeemable.

Conversion

As of April 19, 2018, all 3,000,581 shares of Series A convertible preferred stock had been converted into an equal number of shares of common stock, and no shares of Series A convertible preferred stock were outstanding.

10. Warrants

Equity Classified Common Stock Warrants

In connection with a debt financing in December 2013, the Company issued warrants to purchase 128,231 shares of its common stock with an exercise price of $5.84 per share. These warrants are exercisable any time at the option of the holder until December 16, 2023.

In connection with the merger of the Company and ViewRay Technologies, Inc. in July 2015, or the Merger, in July and August 2015, the Company conducted a private placement offering during which the Company issued warrants, or 2015 Placement Warrants, that provide the warrant holder the right to purchase 198,760 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $5.00 per share. These 2015 Placement Warrants are exercisable at any time at the option of the holder until the five-year anniversary of its date of issuance.

In connection with the March 2018 Direct Registered Offering, the Company issued warrants to purchase 1,418,116 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $8.31 per share, or the 2018 Offering Warrants. These 2018 Offering Warrants became exercisable upon issuance and expire in March 2025.

As separate classes of securities were issued in a bundled transaction, the gross proceeds from the March 2018 Direct Registered Offering of $59.1 million was allocated to common stock, Series A convertible preferred stock and the 2018 Offering Warrants based on their respective relative fair value upon issuance. The aggregate fair value of the 2018 Offering Warrants of $7.4 million was estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions: expected term of seven years, expected volatility of 62.5%, risk-free interest rate of 2.8% and expected dividend yield of 0%. The allocated proceeds from the 2018 Offering Warrants of $6.6 million was recorded in additional paid-in-capital.

At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, none of these equity classified warrants had been exercised and they remain outstanding.

Liability Classified Common Stock Warrants

In connection with the 2016 Private Placement, in August and September 2016, the Company issued warrants, or the 2016 Placement Warrants, that provide the warrant holder the right to purchase 1,380,745 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.95 per share.  These 2016 Placement Warrants are exercisable at any time at the option of the holder until the seventh anniversary of their date of issuance. The 2016 Placement Warrants also contain protection whereby warrants will expire immediately prior to the consummation of a Change of Control and holders have the right to receive cash in the amount equal to the Black-Scholes value of warrants. A Change of Control is defined as: (i) a merger or consolidation of the Company with another corporation; (ii) the sale, transfer or other disposal of substantially all of the assets or a majority of the Company’s outstanding shares of capital stock; (iii) a purchase or exchange offer accepted by the holders of a majority of the outstanding voting shares of the Company’s capital stock; or

16


(iv) a “person” or “group,” as defined by Section 13(d) and 14(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is or will become the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of at least a majority of the voting power of the Company’s capital stock. The 2016 Placement Warrants were accounted for as a liability at the date of issuance and are adjusted to fair value at each balance sheet date, with the change in fair value recorded as a component of other income (expense), net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.  

As separate classes of securities were issued in a bundled transaction, the gross proceeds from the 2016 Private Placement of $13.8 million was allocated first to the 2016 Placement Warrants based on its fair value upon issuance, and the residual was allocated to the common stock. The fair value upon issuance of $2.7 million for the 2016 Placement Warrants was estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions: expected term of seven years, expected volatility of 61.6%, risk-free interest rate of 1.4% and expected dividend yield of 0%.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded a gain of $3.6 million and a loss of $6.8 million, respectively, related to the change in fair value of the 2016 Placement Warrants.  The fair value of the 2016 Placement Warrants of $6.3 million and $9.9 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

2016 Placement Warrant:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected term (in years)

 

 

5.4

 

 

 

5.7

 

Expected volatility

 

61.2%

 

 

62.1%

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

2.6%

 

 

2.2%

 

Expected dividend yield

 

0%

 

 

0%

 

 

At March 31, 2018, 1,355,641 shares of the 2016 Placement Warrants had not been exercised and were still outstanding.  

In connection with the 2017 Private Placement, in January 2017, the Company issued warrants, the 2017 Placement Warrants, that provide the warrant holder the right to purchase 1,720,512 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $3.17 per share. These 2017 Placement Warrants became exercisable in July 2017 and expire in January 2024. The 2017 Placement Warrants also contain protection whereby warrants will expire immediately prior to the consummation of a Change of Control and holders have the right to receive cash in an amount equal to the Black-Scholes value of the warrants. A Change of Control in the 2017 Placement Warrants is defined the same way as for the 2016 Placement Warrants described above. The 2017 Placement Warrants were accounted for as a liability at the date of issuance and are adjusted to fair value at each balance sheet date, with the change in fair value recorded as a component of other income (expense), net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

As separate classes of securities were issued in a bundled transaction, the gross proceeds from the 2017 Private Placement of $26.1 million was allocated first to the 2017 Placement Warrants based on its fair value upon issuance, and the residual was allocated to the common stock. The fair value upon issuance of $3.4 million for the 2017 Placement Warrants was estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions: expected term of seven years, expected volatility of 62.9%, risk-free interest rate of 2.2% and expected dividend yield of 0%.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded a gain of $4.6 million and a loss of $8.4 million, respectively, related to the change in fair value of the 2017 Placement Warrants. The fair value of the 2017 Placement Warrants of $7.9 million and $12.5 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

2017 Placement Warrant:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected term (in years)

 

 

5.8

 

 

 

6.1

 

Expected volatility

 

61.3%

 

 

62.3%

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

2.6%

 

 

2.3%

 

Expected dividend yield

 

0%

 

 

0%

 

 

At March 31, 2018, 1,711,123 shares of the 2017 Placement Warrants had not been exercised and were still outstanding.  

17


11.

Stock-Based Compensation

A summary of the Company’s stock option activity and related information is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options Outstanding

 

 

 

Shares

Available

for Grant

 

 

Number

of Stock

Options

Outstanding

 

 

Weighted-

Average

Exercise

Price

 

 

Weighted-

Average

Remaining

Contractual Life

(Years)

 

 

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Balance at December 31, 2017

 

 

969,783

 

 

 

8,592,747

 

 

$

3.69

 

 

 

7.4

 

 

$

47,864

 

Additional options authorized

 

 

2,706,158

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options granted

 

 

(182,244

)

 

 

182,244

 

 

 

8.16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options exercised

 

 

 

 

 

(265,647

)

 

 

1.42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options canceled

 

 

35,717

 

 

 

(35,717

)

 

 

5.62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2018

 

 

3,529,414

 

 

 

8,473,627

 

 

$

3.85

 

 

 

7.4

 

 

$

22,906

 

Vested and exercisable at March 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,132,684

 

 

$

2.87

 

 

 

6.5

 

 

$

18,702

 

Vested and expected to vest at March 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,207,659

 

 

$

3.80

 

 

 

7.3

 

 

$

22,557

 

 

The weighted-average grant date fair value of options granted to employees was $4.75 and $3.10 per share during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The grant date fair value of options vested was $1.1 million and $558 thousand during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Aggregate intrinsic value represents the difference between the estimated fair value of the underlying common stock and the exercise price of outstanding, in-the-money options. The aggregate intrinsic value of options exercised was $1.6 million and insignificant during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

At March 31, 2018, total unrecognized compensation cost related to stock-based awards granted to employees, net of estimated forfeitures, was $9.5 million which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.6 years.

Determination of Fair Value

The determination of the fair value of stock options on the date of grant using an option-pricing model is affected by the estimated fair value of the Company’s common stock, as well as assumptions regarding a number of complex and subjective variables. The variables used to calculate the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model include actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors, expected price volatility of the Company’s common stock, the risk-free interest rate and expected dividends. Each of these inputs is subjective and generally requires significant judgment to determine.

Fair Value of Common Stock

Beginning March 31, 2016, the Company’s common stock shares were listed on The NASDAQ Global Market, or NASDAQ.  Fair value of the common stock is the adjusted closing price of the Company’s common stock on the trading date on these stock exchanges.

Expected Term

The expected term represents the period that the Company’s option awards are expected to be outstanding. The Company considers several factors in estimating the expected term of options granted, including the expected lives used by a peer group of companies within the Company’s industry that the Company considers to be comparable to its business and the historical option exercise behavior of its employees, which the Company believes is representative of future behavior.

18


Expected Volatility

As the Company has a limited trading history for its common stock, the expected stock price volatility for the Company’s common stock was estimated by taking a combination of the average historic price volatility of the Company’s common stock and industry peers based on daily price observations over a period equivalent to the expected term of the stock option grants. Industry peers consist of several public companies in the Company’s industry which were the same as the comparable companies used in the common stock valuation analysis. The Company intends to continue to consistently apply this process using the same or similar public companies until a sufficient amount of historical information regarding the volatility of its own share price becomes available, or unless circumstances change such that the identified companies are no longer similar to the Company, in which case, more suitable companies whose share prices are publicly available would be used in the calculation.

Risk-Free Interest Rate

The risk-free interest rate is based on the zero coupon U.S. Treasury notes, with maturities similar to the expected term of the options.

Expected Dividend Yield

The Company does not anticipate paying any dividends in the foreseeable future and, therefore, uses an expected dividend yield of zero in the Black-Scholes option-valuation model.

In addition to the Black-Scholes assumptions discussed immediately above, the estimated forfeiture rate also has a significant impact on the related stock-based compensation. The forfeiture rate of stock options is estimated at the time of grant and revised in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The Company uses historical data to estimate pre-vesting option forfeitures and records stock-based compensation expense only for those awards that are expected to vest.

The fair value of employee stock option was estimated at the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions:  

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Expected term (in years)

 

 

5.9

 

 

 

6.0

 

Expected volatility%

 

61.7%

 

 

67.1%

 

Risk-free interest rate%

 

2.6%

 

 

2.1%

 

Expected dividend yield%

 

 

0.0%

 

 

 

0.0%

 

 

Restricted Stock Units

From time to time, the Company grants Restricted Stock Units, or RSUs, to its board of directors for their services. These RSUs were fully vested upon issuance and will be released and settled upon termination of the board services or the occurrence of a change in control event. The fair value of RSUs is based on the closing market price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date.

In September 2016 and November 2017, the Company granted 112,578 shares and 43,554 shares of RSUs, to its board members and these RSUs had a grant-date fair value of $3.52 and $8.02 per share, respectively. 18,964 shares of these RSUs with a grant-date fair value of $3.52 per share were released in December 2017 in connection with the resignation of one board member.

In November 2017, the Company granted 12,468 shares of RSUs with a grant-date fair value of $8.02 per share to one executive officer upon his termination. These RSUs were fully vested upon issuance and were released in the first quarter of fiscal 2018.

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, no RSUs were issued and no stock-based compensation expense related to RSUs was recorded in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.

19


Stock-Based Compensation Expense

Total stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations is classified as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Research and development

 

$

203

 

 

$

165

 

Selling and marketing

 

 

127

 

 

 

51

 

General and administrative

 

 

860

 

 

 

553

 

Total stock-based compensation expense

 

$

1,190

 

 

$

769

 

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, there were no stock-based compensation expenses capitalized as a component of inventory or recognized in cost of revenue. Stock-based compensation relating to stock-based awards granted to consultants were insignificant during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

12.

Income Tax

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act , or the 2017 Tax Act, was enacted on December 22, 2017. Among various provisions, the 2017 Tax Act reduces the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%. The Company recognized the income tax effects of the 2017 Tax Act in its 2017 financial statements in accordance with SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”), which provides guidance for the application of ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, in the reporting period in which the 2017 Tax Act was signed into law. As such, the Company’s 2017 financial results reflected the income tax effects of the 2017 Tax Act for which the accounting under ASC Topic 740 was complete and provisional amounts for those specific income tax effects of the 2017 Tax Act for which the accounting under ASC Topic 740 was incomplete but a reasonable estimate could be determined. Upon completion of our 2017 U.S. income tax return in the current year, we may identify additional remeasurement adjustments to our recorded deferred tax assets. We will continue to assess our provision for income taxes as future guidance is issued, but do not currently anticipate significant revisions will be necessary. Any such revisions will be treated in accordance with the measurement period guidance outlined in SAB 118. For the quarter ended March 31, 2018, we have not made any adjustments to the provisional amounts recorded at December 31, 2017.

Due to the current operating losses, the Company recorded zero income tax expense during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. During these periods, the Company’s activities were limited to U.S. federal and state tax jurisdictions, as it does not have any foreign operations. The federal and state effective tax rate is approximately 22%.  

Due to the Company’s history of cumulative losses, management concluded that, after considering all the available objective evidence, it is not more likely than not that all of the Company’s net deferred tax assets will be realized. Accordingly, the Company’s deferred tax assets, which includes net operating loss, or NOL, carryforwards and tax credits related primarily to research and development continue to be subject to a valuation allowance as of March 31, 2018. The Company expects to continue to maintain a full valuation allowance until there is sufficient evidence to support recoverability of its deferred tax assets.      

The Company had unrecognized tax benefits of $1.5 million and $1.1 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The reversal of the uncertain tax benefits would not affect the effective tax rate to the extent that the Company continues to maintain a full valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets. Unrecognized tax benefits may change during the next 12 months for items that arise in the ordinary course of business.  

Interest and/or penalties related to income tax matters are recognized as a component of income tax expense. As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there were no accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions.  

20


13.

Net Loss per Share

Since the Company was in a loss position for all periods presented, diluted net loss per common share is the same as basic net loss per common share for all periods presented, because the inclusion of all potential common shares outstanding would have an anti-dilutive effect. The following weighted-average common stock equivalents were excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share for the periods presented, because including them would have an anti-dilutive effect:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Series A convertible preferred stock (if converted)

 

 

900,174

 

 

 

 

Options to purchase common stock

 

 

8,600,707

 

 

 

7,117,452

 

Common stock warrants

 

 

3,819,190

 

 

 

3,103,262

 

Restricted stock units

 

 

137,168

 

 

 

112,578

 

Total

 

 

13,457,239

 

 

 

10,333,292

 

 

14.

Related Party Transactions

In December 2004, the Company entered into a licensing agreement with the University of Florida Research Foundation, or UFRF, whereby UFRF granted the Company a worldwide exclusive license to certain of UFRF’s patents in exchange for 33,652 shares of common stock and a 1% royalty, with a minimum $50,000 royalty payment per quarter, from sales of products developed and sold by the Company utilizing the licensed patents.  

In January 2017, the Company entered into a sales consulting agreement with Puissance Capital Management, or PCM, to assist with business development activities in a key market in Asia. PCM is the investment manager of Puissance Cross Board Opportunities LLP, a stockholder in the Company. Theodore T. Wang, Ph.D., a member of the Company’s board of directors, is the managing member of the general partners of PCM. The sales consulting agreement has a term of one year with a total consideration of $1.3 million. This amount has been fully expensed in the first quarter of 2018.

15.

Subsequent Events

In April 2018, the Company entered into a lease agreement to lease approximately 24,630 additional square feet of office space located in Mountain View, California. The lease expires on the seventh anniversary of the commencement date, and the Company has the option to extend the term of the lease for a period of 5 years.

In April 2018, the Series A convertible preferred stock the Company sold in the March 2018 Direct Registered Offering was converted into common stock (see Note 9).

 

 

21


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION

AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The interim financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2017, and the related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contained in the Annual Report filed with the SEC on March 12, 2018. In addition to historical information, this discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including those under “Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

Unless otherwise indicated, references in this section to “ViewRay,” “we,” “us,” “our” and “the Company” refer to ViewRay, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiary, ViewRay Technologies, Inc.

As a result of the merger of the Company and ViewRay Technologies, Inc. in July 2015, or the Merger, and the change in business and operations of the Company, a discussion of the past financial results of the Company is not pertinent, and under applicable accounting principles the historical financial results of ViewRay Technologies, Inc., the accounting acquirer, prior to the Merger are considered the historical financial results of the Company.

The following discussion highlights ViewRay’s results of operations and the principal factors that have affected our financial condition as well as our liquidity and capital resources for the periods described and provides information that management believes is relevant for an assessment and understanding of the statements of financial condition and results of operations presented herein. The following discussion and analysis are based on ViewRay’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contained in this Quarterly Report, which we have prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. You should read the discussion and analysis together with such condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto.

Company Overview

We design, manufacture and market the ViewRay MRIdian®, the only clinical MR Image-Guided radiation therapy system on the market. The MRIdian combines MRI and external-beam radiation therapy to simultaneously image and treat cancer patients. MRI is a broadly used imaging tool that has the ability to clearly differentiate between types of soft tissue. In contrast, X-ray or computed tomography (CT), the most commonly used imaging technologies in radiation therapy today, are often unable to distinguish soft tissues such as the tumor and critical organs. MRIdian integrates MRI technology, radiation delivery and our proprietary software to locate, target and track soft-tissue tumors, while radiation is delivered. These capabilities allow MRIdian to deliver radiation to the tumor more accurately, while reducing the radiation amount delivered to nearby healthy tissue, as compared to other radiation therapy treatments currently available. We believe this will lead to improved patient outcomes and reduced treatment-related side effects.

There are two generations of the MRIdian: the first generation MRIdian with Cobalt-60 based radiation beams and the second generation MRIdian Linac, with more advan