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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 6-K
REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16
UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Month of August 2022
Commission File Number: 001-36532
Sphere 3D Corp.

895 Don Mills Road, Bldg. 2, Suite 900
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M3C 1W3
(Address of principal executive offices)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover Form 20-F or Form 40-F.
x Form 20-F ¨ Form 40-F
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1): ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7): ¨
Indicate by check mark whether by furnishing the information contained in this Form, the registrant is also thereby furnishing the information to the Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Yes ¨ No x
If "Yes" is marked, indicate below the file number assigned to the registrant in connection with Rule 12g3-2(b):

The information contained in this Form 6-K is incorporated by reference into, or as additional exhibits to, as applicable, the registrant's outstanding registration statements.



DOCUMENTS FILED AS PART OF THIS FORM 6-K
In connection with its announcement of financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, Sphere 3D Corp. is filing the following documents:
Management’s discussion and analysis;
Interim unaudited consolidated financial statements; and
Certifications of the principal executive officer and principal financial officer.




SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Sphere 3D Corp.
By:/s/ Patricia Trompeter
Name:Patricia Trompeter
Title:Chief Executive Officer
Date: August 12, 2022



Exhibit Index
99.1
99.2
99.3
99.4
101.INSInline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CALInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LABInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PREInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

EX-99.1 2 a991mda6302022.htm EX-99.1 Document

EXHIBIT 99.1
spherelogofinala05.jpg
Second Quarter Report                                
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
Management’s Discussion and Analysis
of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following quarterly management’s discussion and analysis (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes of Sphere 3D Corp. (the “Company”) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. The condensed consolidated financial statements have been presented in United States (“U.S.”) dollars and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Unless the context otherwise requires, any reference to the “Company,” “Sphere 3D,” “we,” “our,” “us” or similar terms refers to Sphere 3D Corp. and its subsidiaries. Unless otherwise indicated, all references to “$” and “dollars” in this discussion and analysis mean U.S. dollars.
This MD&A includes forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Words and expressions reflecting optimism, satisfaction or disappointment with current prospects, as well as words such as “believes,” “hopes,” “intends,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “plans,” “anticipates” and variations thereof, or the use of future tense, identify forward-looking statements, but their absence does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. Forward-looking statements are based on information currently available to us and on estimates and assumptions made by us regarding, among other things, general economic conditions, in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors that we believe are appropriate and reasonable in the circumstances, but there can be no assurance that such estimates and assumptions will prove to be correct. Many factors could cause actual results, performance or achievements or future events or developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to: the inability to maintain compliance with the requirements of the NASDAQ Capital Market and/or inability to maintain listing with the NASDAQ Capital Market; the impact of competition; the investment in technological innovation; any defects in components or design of Sphere 3D’s products; the retention or maintenance of key personnel; the possibility of significant fluctuations in operating results; the ability of Sphere 3D to maintain business relationships; financial, political or economic conditions; financing risks; future acquisitions; the ability of Sphere 3D to protect its intellectual property; third party intellectual property rights; volatility in the market price for the common shares of the Company; compliance by Sphere 3D with financial reporting and other requirements as a public company; conflicts of interests; future sales of common shares by Sphere 3D’s directors, officers and other shareholders; dilution and future sales of common shares. For more information on these risks, you should refer to the Company’s filings with the securities regulatory authorities, including the Company’s most recently filed Annual Report on Form 20-F, which is available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and EDGAR at www.sec.gov. In evaluating such statements, we urge you to specifically consider various factors identified in this report, any of which could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report and we undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements to reflect new information, events or circumstances after the date of this report. Actual events or results may differ materially from such statements.
1


Overview
Sphere 3D was incorporated under the Business Corporations Act (Ontario) on May 2, 2007 as T.B. Mining Ventures Inc. On March 24, 2015, we completed a short-form amalgamation with a wholly-owned subsidiary. In connection with the short-form amalgamation, we changed our name to “Sphere 3D Corp.” Any reference to the “Company”, “Sphere 3D”, “we”, “our”, “us”, or similar terms refers to Sphere 3D Corp. and its subsidiaries. In December 2014, we completed the acquisition of Overland Storage, Inc. (“Overland”) to grow our business in the containerization and virtualization technologies along with data management products that enabled workload-optimized solutions. In November 2018, we sold our Overland business. In January 2022, we commenced operations of our digital mining operation and are dedicated to becoming a leading carbon-neutral Bitcoin mining company. We are establishing an enterprise-scale mining operation through procurement of next-generation mining equipment and partnering with experienced service providers.
Digital assets and blockchain
Bitcoin is a digital asset issued by and transmitted through an open source protocol maintained by a peer-to-peer network of decentralized user nodes. This network hosts a public transaction ledger blockchain where the digital assets and their corresponding transactions are recorded. The digital assets are stored in individual wallets with public addresses and a private key that controls access. The blockchain is updated without a single owner or operator of the network. New digital assets are generated and mined rewarding users after transactions are verified in the blockchain.
Digital assets and their corresponding markets emulate foreign exchange markets of fiat currencies, such as the U.S. dollar, where they can be exchanged to said fiat currencies trading exchanges. In addition to these exchanges, additional trading markets for digital assets exist, such as derivative markets.
Since the nature of digital assets is such that it exists solely in electronic form, they are exposed to risks similar to that of any data held solely in electronic form such as power failure, data corruption, cyber security attacks, protocol breaches, and user error, among others. Similar to data centers, these risks put the digital assets subject to the aforementioned threats which might not necessarily affect a physical fiat currency. In addition, blockchain relies on open source developers to maintain the digital asset protocols. Blockchain as such may be subject to design changes, governance disputes such as “forked” protocols, and other risks associated with open source software.
Digital currencies serve multiple purposes - a medium of exchange, store of value or unit of account. Examples of digital currencies include: bitcoin, bitcoin cash, Ethereum, and Litecoin. Digital currencies are decentralized currencies that facilitate instant transfers. Transactions occur on an open source platform using peer-to-peer direct technology with no single owner. Blockchain is a public transaction ledger where transactions occur, are recorded and tracked, however not owned nor managed by one single entity. Blockchain, accessible and open to all, contains records of all existing and historical transactions. All accounts on the blockchain have a unique public key and is secured with a private key that is only known to the individual. The combination of private and public keys results in a secure digital “fingerprint” which results in a strong control of ownership.
We believe cryptocurrencies have many advantages over traditional, physical fiat currencies, including immediate settlement, fraud deterrent as they are unable to be duplicated or counterfeited, lower fees, mass accessibility, decentralized nature, identity theft prevention, physical loss prevention, no counterparty risk, no intermediary facilitation, no arduous exchange rate implications and a strong confirmation transaction process.
Service and product
In addition to digital mining, we deliver data management and desktop and application virtualization solutions through hybrid cloud, cloud and on premise implementations by its reseller network. We achieve this through a combination of containerized applications, virtual desktops, virtual storage and physical hyper-converged platforms. Our products allow organizations to deploy a combination of public, private or hybrid cloud strategies while backing them up with the latest storage solutions. Our brands include HVE ConneXions (“HVE”) and Unified ConneXions (“UCX”). In October 2021, we sold our SnapServer® product line and associated assets.
2


Investment in Special Purpose Acquisition Company
In April 2021, we sponsored a special purpose acquisition company (“SPAC”), Minority Equality Opportunities Acquisition Inc. (“MEOA”), through our wholly owned subsidiary, Minority Equality Opportunities Acquisition Sponsor, LLC (“SPAC Sponsor”). MEOA’s purpose is to focus initially on transactions with companies that are minority owned businesses. In April 2021, SPAC Sponsor paid $25,000 of deferred offering costs on behalf of MEOA in exchange for 2,875,000 shares of MEOA’s Class B common stock (the “Founder Shares”). On August 30, 2021, MEOA consummated its initial public offering (the “IPO”) and issued units which were comprised of one share of Class A common stock and one redeemable warrant. Also in August 2021, and simultaneously with the consummation of the IPO, SPAC Sponsor participated in the private sale of an aggregate of 5,395,000 Warrants (the “Private Placement Warrants”) at a purchase price of $1.00 per Private Placement Warrant. The SPAC Sponsor paid $5.4 million to MEOA, which included $1.0 million from an investor participating in MEOA Sponsor. The Private Placement Warrants are not transferable, assignable or saleable until 30 days after MEOA completes a business combination. On October 18, 2021, the securities comprising the units begin separate trading, the Class A common stock and warrants are listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbols “MEOA” and “MEOAW,” respectively.
MEOA has 12 months from the closing of its IPO (or 21 months from the closing of its IPO if MEOA extends the period of time to consummate the initial Business Combination) (the “Combination Period”) to complete the initial Business Combination. If MEOA anticipates that it may not be able to consummate the initial Business Combination within 12 months, MEOA may extend the period of time to consummate a Business Combination by up to three additional three-month periods (up to a maximum of 21 months from the closing of the IPO). In order to extend the time available for MEOA to consummate its initial Business Combination, the SPAC Sponsor or its affiliates or designees must deposit into the Trust Account, for each additional three-month period, $1,265,000, on or prior to the date of the deadline with respect to such three-month extension period. The SPAC Sponsor and its affiliates or designees are not obligated to fund the Trust Account to extend the time for MEOA to complete its initial Business Combination. If MEOA is unable to complete the initial Business Combination within the Combination Period, MEOA will: (i) cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up; (ii) as promptly as reasonably possible, but not more than ten business days thereafter, redeem the public shares, at a per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the Trust Account including interest earned on the funds held in the Trust Account and not previously released to MEOA to pay its franchise and income taxes (less up to $100,000 of interest to pay dissolution expenses), divided by the number of then outstanding public shares, which redemption will completely extinguish public stockholders’ rights as stockholders (including the right to receive further liquidating distributions, if any), subject to applicable law; and (iii) as promptly as reasonably possible following such redemption, subject to the approval of MEOA’s remaining stockholders and the board of directors, dissolve and liquidate, subject in each case to MEOA’s obligations under Delaware law to provide for claims of creditors and the requirements of other applicable law. There will be no redemption rights or liquidating distributions with respect to the warrants, which will expire worthless if MEOA fails to complete the initial Business Combination within the Combination Period.
SPAC Sponsor, along with MEOA’s initial stockholders, MEOA’s executive officers and directors have entered into a letter agreement with MEOA, pursuant to which we have agreed to (i) waive our redemption rights with respect to our founder shares and public shares in connection with the completion of the initial Business Combination; (ii) waive our redemption rights with respect to our founder shares and public shares in connection with a stockholder vote to approve an amendment to the certificate of incorporation: (A) to modify the substance or timing of MEOA’s obligation to redeem 100% of the public shares if MEOA does not complete the initial Business Combination within the Combination Period; or (B) with respect to any other material provision relating to stockholders’ rights or pre-initial Business Combination activity; and (iii) waive our rights to liquidating distributions from the trust account with respect to our founder shares if MEOA fails to complete the initial Business Combination within the Combination Period.


3


Terminated Merger Agreement
On June 3, 2021, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Gryphon Digital Mining, Inc. (“Gryphon”), a privately held company in the cryptocurrency space dedicated to helping bring digital assets onto the clean energy grid. Gryphon’s Bitcoin mining operation has a zero-carbon footprint and their long-term strategy is to be the first vertically integrated crypto miner with a wholly owned, one hundred percent renewable energy supply.
On February 15, 2022, and subsequently on March 7, 2022, primarily as a result of comments we received from the SEC relating to an amendment to the registration statement on Form F-4 we filed with the SEC on January 5, 2022 in connection with our proposed merger with Gryphon, we retained two independent investment banks to review the terms of the proposed Gryphon merger transaction. The nature of the review was to provide an independent analysis as to whether the consideration to be paid by us in the proposed merger was fair to our stockholders from a financial point of view and to assess the inputs to the financial models that were used to test such fairness.
On April 4, 2022, the Merger Agreement was terminated. The Merger Agreement, among other matters, provided that, upon termination of the Merger Agreement, we would forgive all amounts outstanding under the outstanding Promissory Note and Security Agreement as amended with Gryphon (the “Gryphon Note”), and release to Gryphon 850,000 common shares previously deposited into an escrow account for the benefit of Gryphon. As a result of the termination of the Merger Agreement in the second quarter of 2022, we forgave the Gryphon Note which had a balance of $13.1 million and released the 850,000 common shares, with a fair value of $1.2 million, held in escrow to Gryphon. We will continue our relationship with Gryphon through the Gryphon Master Services Agreement entered into in 2021.
Nasdaq Listing
On July 25, 2022, the Company received a letter from the Nasdaq Listing Qualifications department of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC notifying the Company that it was not in compliance with the requirement of Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 5550(a)(2) for continued inclusion on the NASDAQ Capital Market as a result of the closing bid price for the Company’s common stock being below $1.00 for 30 consecutive business days. This notification has no effect on the listing of the Company’s common shares at this time. In accordance with the Nasdaq Marketplace Rules, the Company was provided an initial period of 180 calendar days, or until January 23, 2023, to regain compliance, which will require a closing bid price for the Company’s common stock above $1.00 for a minimum of 10 consecutive business days.
Results of Operations
The Second Quarter of 2022 Compared with the Second Quarter of 2021
Revenue
We generated revenues of $1.9 million and $0.9 million during the second quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The $1.0 million increase in revenue is primarily due to the addition of revenues from our digital mining operation.
During the second quarter of 2022, the majority of our revenue was derived from digital currency mining and data management services. Income from our mining segment is a result of bitcoin mining activities in the United States. Income from our product and services segment is primarily generated in the United States.
Direct cost of revenues during the second quarter of 2022 and 2021 were $1.0 million and $0.4 million, respectively, representing an increase of $0.6 million, or 150%, primarily due to the addition of our digital mining operation.
4


Operating Expenses
Sales and Marketing Expense
Sales and marketing expenses were $0.3 million and $0.4 million for the second quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Research and Development Expense
Research and development expenses were $0.1 million and $0.3 million for the second quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The decrease of $0.2 million was primarily due to a decrease in employee and related expenses associated with a lower average headcount.
General and Administrative Expense
General and administrative expenses were $7.8 million and $3.2 million for the second quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase of $4.6 million was due to increases of $7.1 million in share-based compensation primarily related to awards granted to a former executive and certain current executives, $0.6 million for employee and related expenses primarily associated with a higher average headcount, $0.4 million for an executive bonus, and $0.2 million of additional costs related to our director and officers’ insurance. These increases were offset by decreases of $2.7 million for a change in fair value of crypto asset payable, $0.5 million for public relations, $0.3 million for costs related to former proposed merger transactions subsequently terminated, and $0.2 million in director fees expense.
Depreciation and Amortization Expense
Depreciation and amortization expense was $7.5 million and $0.2 million for the second quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase of $7.3 million was primarily due to amortization related to our intangible asset for costs directly related to the acquisition of digital mining machines and depreciation of digital mining machines.
Impairment of Digital Assets
Impairment of digital assets was $0.7 million and nil for the second quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase of $0.7 million was due to impairment losses recognized on our digital assets.
Forgiveness of Note Receivable
Forgiveness of note receivable was $13.1 million and nil for the second quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase of $13.1 million was due to the forgiveness of our note receivable, including accrued interest, with Gryphon which occurred when the Merger Agreement with Gryphon was terminated by us on April 4, 2022.
Impairment of Investments
Impairment of investments was $12.4 million and nil for the second quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase of $12.4 million was due to impairment losses recognized on our Filecoiner investments. The fair value of these investments was impacted by the decrease in the price of Filecoin since the time of the investments resulting in an impairment.
Interest Income and Other, net
Interest income and other, net was $0.3 million and $0.7 million for the second quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The second quarter of 2022 income, net, primarily related to interest income from notes receivable, and management fees from a transition service agreement for our Snap Server product line. The second quarter of 2021 interest income and other, net, related to a $0.7 million gain on the forgiveness of PPP Funds, including accrued interest.
5


The First Six Months of 2022 Compared with the First Six Months of 2021
Revenue
We generated revenues of $3.3 million and $1.8 million during the first six months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The $1.5 million increase in revenue is primarily due to the addition of revenues from our digital mining operation.
During the first six months of 2022, the majority of our revenue was derived from digital currency mining and data management services. Income from our mining segment is a result of bitcoin mining activities in the United States. Income from our product and services segment is primarily generated in the United States.
Direct cost of revenues during the first six months of 2022 and 2021 were $1.7 million and $0.8 million, respectively, representing an increase of $0.9 million, or 112.5%, primarily due to the addition of our digital mining operation.
Operating Expenses
Sales and Marketing Expense
Sales and marketing expenses were $0.5 million and $0.7 million for the first six months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The decrease of $0.2 million was primarily due to a decrease in share-based compensation.
Research and Development Expense
Research and development expenses were $0.3 million and $0.5 million for the first six months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The decrease of $0.2 million was primarily due to a decrease in employee and related expenses associated with a lower average headcount.
General and Administrative Expense
General and administrative expenses were $16.8 million and $4.3 million for the first six months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase of $12.5 million was primarily due to increases of $7.2 million in share-based compensation primarily related to awards granted to a former executive and certain current executives, $4.8 million primarily related to professional services associated with our expansion into the digital mining industry, $1.4 million of costs primarily related to the our transaction with Gryphon which was terminated on April 4, 2022, $0.6 million in employee and related expenses primarily associated with a higher average headcount, $0.4 million for an executive bonus, and $0.2 million of additional costs related to our director and officers’ insurance. These increases were offset by decreases of $1.6 million for a change in fair value of crypto asset payable, $0.4 million for public relations, and $0.2 million in director fees expense.
Depreciation and Amortization Expense
Depreciation and amortization expense was $13.8 million and $0.3 million for the first six months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase of $13.5 million was primarily due to amortization related to our intangible asset for costs directly related to the acquisition of digital mining machines and depreciation of digital mining machines.
Impairment of Digital Assets
Impairment of digital assets was $0.8 million and nil for the first six months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase of $0.8 million was due to impairment losses recognized on our digital assets.
Forgiveness of Note Receivable
Forgiveness of note receivable was $13.1 million and nil for the first six months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase of $13.1 million was due to the forgiveness of our note receivable, including accrued interest, with Gryphon which occurred when the Merger Agreement with Gryphon was terminated by us on April 4, 2022.
6


Impairment of Investments
Impairment of investments was $12.4 million and nil for the first six months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase of $12.4 million was due to impairment losses recognized on our Filecoiner investments. The fair value of these investments was impacted by the decrease in the price of Filecoin since the time of the investments resulting in an impairment.
Interest Expense
Interest expense was nil and $0.5 million for the first six months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The first six months of 2021 interest expense was primarily for debt costs related to our Oasis debt.
Interest and Other Income, net
Interest and other income, net was $0.7 million and $0.1 million of income, net, for the first six months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The first six months of 2022 interest and other income, net, primarily related to $0.4 million in interest income from notes receivable, and $0.3 million from management fees from a transition service agreement for our Snap Server product line. The first six months of 2021 interest and other income, net, primarily related to a gain on the forgiveness of PPP Funds of $0.7 million, including accrued interest offset by a penalty fee related to the Series E Preferred for the failure to file a timely registration statement required under the Westworld Securities Purchase Agreement.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We have recurring losses from operations. Our primary source of cash flow is generated from digital mining revenue and service revenue. We have financed our operations through proceeds from private and public sales of equity securities. At June 30, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of $10.7 million compared to cash and cash equivalents of $54.4 million at December 31, 2021. The decrease in cash is related primarily to progress payments for mining equipment per our agreement with FuFu Technology Limited (“BitFuFu”) and prepayments for power and hosting for our digital mining operation. As of June 30, 2022, we had working capital of $45.5 million reflecting a decrease of $28.8 million in current assets and a decrease in current liabilities of $1.1 million. Cash management continues to be a top priority. We expect to incur negative operating cash flows as we work to maintain and increase our digital mining revenue, product sales volume, and maintain operational efficiencies.
Management has projected that cash on hand will not be sufficient to allow us to continue operations beyond the next 12 months if we are unable to raise additional funding for operations. We are currently in discussions with BitFuFu to modify our BitFuFu machine purchase agreement, and the timing of any future deliveries with respect to the 60,000-unit purchase order are expected to be impacted by these discussions, and further payments on the contract are not currently expected to be made as originally scheduled. We cannot make any assurances as to the outcome of these discussions; however, we remain optimistic that a timely and equitable resolution can be reached. We expect our working capital needs to increase in the future as we continue to expand and enhance our operations. Our ability to raise additional funds for working capital or to pay for the purchase of digital asset mining machines through equity or debt financings or other sources may depend on the financial success of our then current business and successful implementation of our key strategic initiatives, financial, economic and market conditions and other factors, some of which are beyond our control. No assurance can be given that we will be successful in raising the required capital at a reasonable cost and at the required times, or at all. Further equity financings may have a dilutive effect on shareholders and any debt financing, if available, may require restrictions to be placed on our future financing and operating activities. If we require additional capital and are unsuccessful in raising that capital, we may be required to cancel our existing purchase obligations under our current mining purchase agreements, or we may not be able to continue our business operations in the cryptocurrency mining industry or we may be unable to advance our growth initiatives, either of which could adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
7


Significant changes from our current forecasts, including but not limited to: (i) shortfalls from projected sales levels; (ii) unexpected increases in product costs; (iii) increases in operating costs; (iv) changes in the historical timing of collecting accounts receivable; (v) fluctuations in the value of cryptocurrency; and (vi) inability to maintain compliance with the requirements of the NASDAQ Capital Market and/or inability to maintain listing with the NASDAQ Capital Market could have a material adverse impact on our ability to access the level of funding necessary to continue our operations at current levels. If any of these events occurs or we are unable to generate sufficient cash from operations or financing sources, we may be forced to liquidate assets where possible and/or curtail, suspend or cease planned programs or operations generally or seek bankruptcy protection or be subject to an involuntary bankruptcy petition, any of, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial position and liquidity.
During 2021, we entered into agreements for power to host digital asset machines and for digital mining machines. These contracts, if not cancelled by us, will require the payment of approximately $215.0 million during the remainder of 2022. In addition, during 2021, we paid a $10.0 million refundable deposit to NuMiner and in February 2022 entered into an agreement with NuMiner to purchase 60,000 units of new NM440 Machines for the purpose of digital asset mining. The Numiner agreement was canceled by us in June 2022. The $10.0 million refundable deposit is pending to be received by us. Given our existing purchase obligations, if such agreements are not cancelled by us, management has projected that cash on hand will not be sufficient to allow us to meet our outstanding purchase obligations beyond the next 12 months if we are unable to raise additional debt or equity funding for operations. Management is in discussions with one of our hosting providers and our digital mining machine supplier to renegotiate current agreements. On a short-term basis, we plan to raise debt or equity funding to meet our payment obligations under our current contracts and for additional working capital.
The following table shows a summary of our cash flows (used in) provided by operating activities, investing activities and financing activities (in thousands):
Six Months
Ended June 30,
20222021
Net cash used in operating activities$(24,530)$(3,894)
Net cash used in investing activities$(19,101)$(60)
Net cash provided by financing activities$— $8,078 
The use of cash during the first six months of 2022 was primarily a result of our net loss of $55.3 million, offset by $46.1 million in non-cash items, which primarily included forgiveness of loan receivable, impairment of investments, amortization of intangible assets, depreciation, share-based compensation expense, change in fair value of crypto asset payable and impairment of digital assets. During the first six months of 2022, we paid $15.1 million for prepayments for our digital asset hosting agreement.
During the first six months of 2022, we paid $16.0 million towards digital asset mining machines and shipping costs for which delivery started in January 2022 and continues through the remainder of 2022, we entered into promissory notes receivable with Gryphon and MEOA for $2.5 million and $337,000, respectively, and we purchased $0.3 million of carbon credits for future use. The Gryphon note receivable was forgiven on April 4, 2022 upon termination of the Merger Agreement with Gryphon.
During the first six months of 2021, we received $8.2 million from the issuance of common shares and warrants, net, $0.4 million in proceeds from debt, and $1.1 million in proceeds from warrants exercised, offset by payments on debt of $1.1 million, payments for the Company’s line of credit of $0.4 million, net, and payment of preferred dividends of $0.2 million.
8


Off-Balance Sheet Information
During the ordinary course of business, we may provide standby letters of credit to third parties as required for certain transactions initiated by us. As of June 30, 2022, we had no standby letters of credit outstanding.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with GAAP requires us to make judgments, assumptions and estimates that affect the amounts reported in our condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. We base our estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates and such differences may be material.
We believe our critical accounting policies and estimates are those related to investments, digital assets, mining equipment, intangible assets, revenue recognition, preferred shares, legal and other contingencies. We consider these policies critical because they are both important to the portrayal of our financial condition and operating results, and they require us to make judgments and estimates about inherently uncertain matters. Our Company’s critical accounting policies and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements are reviewed regularly by management. We believe certain of our accounting policies are critical to understanding our financial position and results of operations. There have been no significant changes to our critical accounting judgments, policies and estimates as described in our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to our condensed consolidated financial statements for information about recently issued accounting pronouncements.
Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined under Rules 13a-15(e) or 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to give reasonable assurance that information required to be publicly disclosed is recorded, processed, summarized and reported on a timely basis as of the end of the period covered by this report.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended June 30, 2022 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Risk Factors
Please carefully consider the information included herein or incorporated by reference to this report, you should carefully consider each of the risk factors described in our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, which is available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and EDGAR at www.sec.gov. These risks and uncertainties are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial may also impair our business operations. If any of the risks actually occur, our business and financial results could be harmed and the trading price of our common shares could decline.
9
EX-99.2 3 any-20220630_d2.htm EX-99.2 any-20220630_d2

EXHIBIT 99.2
SPHERE 3D CORP.
Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021
(Expressed in U.S. dollars)
1


Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except shares)
June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets(Unaudited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$10,724 $54,355 
Digital assets962  
Accounts receivable, net193 181 
Notes receivable339 1,859 
Other current assets37,405 22,027 
Total current assets49,623 78,422 
Notes receivable3,665 11,988 
Investments7,520 19,949 
Mining equipment, net8,484  
Intangible assets, net51,898 63,017 
Other assets109,295 102,548 
Total assets$230,485 $275,924 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$950 $1,252 
Accrued liabilities2,339 3,250 
Accrued payroll and employee compensation622 199 
Deferred revenue132 210 
Other current liabilities49 297 
Total current liabilities4,092 5,208 
Deferred revenue, long-term75 58 
Other non-current liabilities1,031 1,032 
Total liabilities5,198 6,298 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)
Shareholders’ equity:
Preferred shares, no par value, unlimited shares authorized, 96,000 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021
42,350 42,350 
Common shares, no par value; unlimited shares authorized, 66,505,769 and 63,566,403 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
455,259 444,265 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(1,793)(1,794)
Accumulated deficit(270,529)(215,195)
Total shareholders’ equity225,287 269,626 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$230,485 $275,924 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
2


Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share and per share amounts)
Three Months
Ended June 30,
Six Months
Ended June 30,
2022202120222021
Revenues:(Unaudited)(Unaudited)
Digital mining revenue$1,211 $ $1,958 $ 
Service and product revenue710 894 1,335 1,834 
Total revenues1,921 894 3,293 1,834 
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of digital mining revenue619  974  
Cost of service and product revenue341 406 700 821 
Sales and marketing264 407 495 711 
Research and development139 269 253 506 
General and administrative7,788 3,197 16,757 4,302 
Depreciation and amortization7,485 157 13,849 311 
Impairment of digital assets679  770  
Total operating expenses17,315 4,436 33,798 6,651 
Loss from operations(15,394)(3,542)(30,505)(4,817)
Other income (expense):
Forgiveness of note receivable(13,145) (13,145) 
Impairment of investments(12,429) (12,429) 
Interest expense, related party   (496)
Interest expense (6) (19)
Interest and other income, net281 667 745 79 
Net loss(40,687)(2,881)(55,334)(5,253)
Dividends on preferred shares 169  362 
Net loss available to common shareholders$(40,687)$(3,050)$(55,334)$(5,615)
Net loss per share:
Net loss per share basic and diluted$(0.62)$(0.19)$(0.85)$(0.44)
Shares used in computing net loss per share:
Basic and diluted66,148,147 15,990,564 65,001,147 12,724,287 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)
Three Months
Ended June 30,
Six Months
Ended June 30,
2022202120222021
(Unaudited)(Unaudited)
Net loss$(40,687)$(2,881)$(55,334)$(5,253)
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
Foreign currency translation adjustment(8)8 1 12 
Total other comprehensive (loss) income(8)8 1 12 
Comprehensive loss$(40,695)$(2,873)$(55,333)$(5,241)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except shares)
(Unaudited)
Preferred SharesCommon SharesAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at January 1, 202296,000 $42,350 63,566,403 $444,265 $(1,794)$(215,195)$269,626 
Issuance of common shares and warrants for the settlement of
     liabilities
— — 950,000 1,957 — — 1,957 
Share-based compensation— — — 117 — — 117 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 9 — 9 
Net loss— — — — — (14,647)(14,647)
Balance at March 31, 202296,000 42,350 64,516,403 446,339 (1,785)(229,842)257,062 
Issuance of common shares for
     the purchase of intangible assets
— — 1,350,000 1,721 — — 1,721 
Issuance of common shares for
     vested restricted stock units,
     net of shares withheld for
     income taxes
— — 639,366  — —  
Share-based compensation— — — 7,199 — — 7,199 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (8)— (8)
Net loss— — — — — (40,687)(40,687)
Balance at June 30, 202296,000 $42,350 66,505,769 $455,259 $(1,793)$(270,529)$225,287 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity (continued)
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except shares)
(Unaudited)
Preferred SharesCommon SharesAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at January 1, 20219,355,778 $11,769 7,867,186 $192,406 $(1,791)$(197,375)$5,009 
Issuance of common shares for
     conversion of preferred shares
(2,495,300)(2,482)2,532,798 2,482 — —  
Issuance of common shares— — 235,000 597 — — 597 
Issuance of common shares for the
     settlement of liabilities
— — 351,880 921 — — 921 
Exercise of warrants— — 743,820 478 — — 478 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 4 — 4 
Net loss— — — — — (2,372)(2,372)
Preferred dividends— — — — — (193)(193)
Balance at March 31, 20216,860,478 9,287 11,730,684 196,884 (1,787)(199,940)4,444 
Issuance of common shares for
     conversion of preferred shares
(2,399)(2,160)2,108,620 2,160 — —  
Issuance of common shares— — 6,695,000 7,642 — — 7,642 
Issuance of common shares for
     conversion of convertible debt
— — 468,225 799 — — 799 
Issuance of common shares for
     settlement of liabilities
— — 770,000 1,135 — — 1,135 
Exercise of warrants— — 747,000 687 — — 687 
Issuance of common shares for
     vested restricted stock units
— — 62,500  — —  
Share-based compensation— — — 247 — — 247 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 8 — 8 
Net loss— — — — — (2,881)(2,881)
Preferred dividends— — — — — (169)(169)
Balance at June 30, 20216,858,079 $7,127 22,582,029 $209,554 $(1,779)$(202,990)$11,912 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6


Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)
Six Months
Ended June 30,
20222021
Operating activities:(Unaudited)
Net loss$(55,334)$(5,253)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization13,849 311 
Forgiveness of note receivable13,145  
Impairment of investments12,429  
Share-based compensation7,316 247 
Change in fair value of crypto asset payable(1,607) 
Impairment of digital assets770  
Digital assets issued for services229  
Realized gain on sale of digital assets(3) 
Forgiveness of liabilities (675)
Preferred shares penalty fee 653 
Amortization of debt issuance costs 485 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(12)59 
Digital assets(1,958) 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities1,618 727 
Accrued payroll and employee compensation423 104 
Deferred revenue(61)(365)
Other assets and liabilities, net(15,334)(187)
Net cash used in operating activities(24,530)(3,894)
Investing activities:
Payments for purchase of mining equipment(15,958) 
Notes receivable(2,837)(35)
Purchase of intangible assets(306) 
Investment in special purpose acquisition company, net (25)
Net cash used in investing activities(19,101)(60)
Financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of common shares and warrants, net 8,194 
Proceeds from exercise of warrants 1,073 
Proceeds from long-term debt 447 
Payments for debt (1,103)
Payments for line of credit, net (376)
Payments for preferred share dividends (157)
Net cash provided by financing activities 8,078 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash (1)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents(43,631)4,123 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period54,355 461 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$10,724 $4,584 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
7


Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (continued)
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)
Six Months
Ended June 30,
20222021
(Unaudited)
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest$ $32 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Reclassification from deposit for mining equipment to mining equipment$9,137 $ 
Issuance of common shares and warrants for settlement of liabilities$1,957 $2,056 
Issuance of common shares for purchase of intangible assets$1,721 $ 
Issuance of common shares for conversion of convertible debt$ $799 
Issuance of common shares for exercise of warrants applied to settlement of
     liabilities
$ $92 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
8


Sphere 3D Corp.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
1.Organization and Business
Sphere 3D Corp. was incorporated under the Business Corporations Act (Ontario) on May 2, 2007 as T.B. Mining Ventures Inc. On March 24, 2015, the Company completed a short-form amalgamation with a wholly-owned subsidiary. In connection with the short-form amalgamation, the Company changed its name to “Sphere 3D Corp.” Any reference to the “Company”, “Sphere 3D”, “we”, “our”, “us”, or similar terms refers to Sphere 3D Corp. and its subsidiaries. In January 2022, the Company commenced operations of its digital mining operation dedicated to becoming a leading carbon-neutral Bitcoin mining company. The Company is establishing an enterprise-scale mining operation through procurement of next-generation mining equipment and partnering with experienced service providers. In addition, the Company delivers data management and desktop and application virtualization solutions through hybrid cloud, cloud and on premise implementations by its global reseller network. The Company achieves this through a combination of containerized applications, virtual desktops, virtual storage and physical hyper-converged platforms. The Company’s products allow organizations to deploy a combination of public, private or hybrid cloud strategies while backing them up with the latest storage solutions. The Company’s brands include HVE ConneXions (“HVE”) and Unified ConneXions (“UCX”). In October 2021, the Company sold its SnapServer® product line and associated assets.
The Company has commenced planning and has entered into a series of agreements that have enabled it to enter the digital asset mining industry, including entering into machine purchase agreements with FuFu Technology Limited (“BitFuFu”) and NuMiner Global, Inc. (“NuMiner”), the Master Services Agreement between Sphere 3D and Gryphon Digital Mining, Inc. (“Gryphon”), and the Sub-License and Delegation Agreement with Gryphon. See Commitments and Contingencies in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
Liquidity and Going Concern
Management has projected that cash on hand may not be sufficient to allow the Company to continue operations beyond the next 12 months if we are unable to raise additional funding for operations. We are currently in discussions with BitFuFu to modify our BitFuFu machine purchase agreement, and the timing and volume of any future deliveries with respect to the 60,000-unit purchase order are expected to be impacted by these discussions, and further payments on the contract are not currently expected to be made as originally scheduled. We cannot make any assurances as to the outcome of these discussions; however, we remain optimistic that a timely and equitable resolution can be reached. We expect our working capital needs to increase in the future as we continue to expand and enhance our operations. Our ability to raise additional funds for working capital or to pay for the purchase of cryptocurrency mining machines through equity or debt financings or other sources may depend on the financial success of our then current business and successful implementation of our key strategic initiatives, financial, economic and market conditions and other factors, some of which are beyond our control. No assurance can be given that we will be successful in raising the required capital at a reasonable cost and at the required times, or at all. Further equity financings may have a dilutive effect on shareholders and any debt financing, if available, may require restrictions to be placed on our future financing and operating activities. We require additional capital and if we are unsuccessful in raising that capital, we may be required to cancel our existing purchase obligations under our current mining purchase agreements, or we may not be able to continue our business operations in the cryptocurrency mining industry or we may be unable to advance our growth initiatives, either of which could adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
9


Significant changes from the Company’s current forecasts, including but not limited to: (i) shortfalls from projected sales levels; (ii) unexpected increases in product costs; (iii) increases in operating costs; (iv) changes in the historical timing of collecting accounts receivable; and (v) inability to maintain compliance with the requirements of the NASDAQ Capital Market and/or inability to maintain listing with the NASDAQ Capital Market could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s ability to access the level of funding necessary to continue its operations at current levels. If any of these events occurs or the Company is unable to generate sufficient cash from operations or financing sources, the Company may be forced to liquidate assets where possible and/or curtail, suspend or cease planned programs or operations generally or seek bankruptcy protection or be subject to an involuntary bankruptcy petition, any of, which would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial position and liquidity.
Given the Company’s existing purchase obligations, if such agreements are not cancelled by the Company, management has projected that cash on hand will not be sufficient to allow the Company to meet its outstanding purchase obligations beyond the next 12 months if the Company is unable to raise additional debt or equity funding for operations. Management is in discussions with one of our hosting providers and our digital mining machine supplier to renegotiate current agreements. On a short-term basis, the Company plans to raise debt or equity funding to meet its payment obligations under its current contracts and for additional working capital. These factors, among others, raise substantial doubt that the Company will be able to continue as a going concern. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business and do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
Terminated Merger Agreement
On June 3, 2021, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, which was subsequently amended on December 29, 2021 (the “Merger Agreement”), which the Company agreed to acquire all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Gryphon Digital Mining, Inc. (“Gryphon”) through a merger transaction (the “Merger”).
On February 15, 2022, and subsequently on March 7, 2022, primarily as a result of comments we received from the SEC relating to an amendment to the registration statement on Form F-4 we filed with the SEC on January 5, 2022 in connection with our proposed merger with Gryphon, we retained two independent investment banks to review the terms of the proposed Gryphon merger transaction. The nature of the review was to provide an independent analysis as to whether the consideration to be paid by us in the proposed merger was fair to our stockholders from a financial point of view and to assess the inputs to the financial models that were used to test such fairness.
On April 4, 2022, the Merger Agreement was terminated. The Company and Gryphon will continue its relationship through the Gryphon Master Services Agreement entered into in 2021.
2.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared by management in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), applied on a basis consistent for all periods. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and disclosures required by U.S. GAAP for a complete set of financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2022. In the opinion of management, all adjustments of a normal recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The results of operations of any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full fiscal year. These condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries, all of which are wholly owned. All intercompany balances and transactions have been appropriately eliminated in consolidation.
10


Use of Estimates
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant areas requiring the use of management estimates relate to the determination of provisions for impairment assessments of digital assets, definite-lived intangible assets; deferred revenue; allowance for doubtful receivables; warranty provisions; equity treatment of preferred shares and litigation claims. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Reclassifications
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified for consistency with the current period presentation. The reclassifications did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed interim consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
Foreign Currency Translation
The financial statements of the Company’s foreign subsidiary, for which the functional currency is the local currency, is translated into U.S. dollars using the exchange rate at the consolidated balance sheet date for assets and liabilities and a weighted-average exchange rate during the year for revenue, expenses, gains and losses. Translation adjustments are recorded as accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) within shareholders’ equity. Gains or losses from foreign currency transactions are recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Such transactions resulted in minimal losses in the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021.
Cash Equivalents
Highly liquid investments with insignificant interest rate risk and original maturities of three months or less, when purchased, are classified as cash equivalents. Cash equivalents are composed of money market funds. The carrying amounts approximate fair value due to the short maturities of these instruments.
Accounts Receivable
Accounts receivable is recorded at the invoiced amount and is non-interest bearing. We estimate our allowance for doubtful accounts based on an assessment of the collectability of specific accounts and the overall condition of the accounts receivable portfolio. When evaluating the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts, we analyze specific trade and other receivables, historical bad debts, customer credits, customer concentrations, customer credit-worthiness, current economic trends and changes in customers’ payment terms and/or patterns. We review the allowance for doubtful accounts on a quarterly basis and record adjustments as considered necessary. Customer accounts are written-off against the allowance for doubtful accounts when an account is considered uncollectable.
Digital Assets
The Company accounts for digital assets as indefinite-lived intangible assets. The digital assets are recorded at cost less impairment. Fair value of the digital asset award received is determined using the market rates of the related digital asset at the transaction date. There is currently no specific definitive guidance under GAAP or alternative accounting framework for the accounting for digital assets recognized as revenue or held, and management has exercised significant judgment in determining the appropriate accounting treatment. In the event authoritative guidance is promulgated by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), the Company may be required to change its policies, which could have an effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results from operations.
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An impairment analysis is performed at each reporting period or more frequently, when events or changes in circumstances occur indicating that it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived asset is impaired. The fair value of digital assets is determined on a nonrecurring basis based on quoted prices on the active exchange(s) that the Company has determined as the principal market for digital assets (Level 1 inputs). If the carrying value of the digital asset exceeds the fair value based on the lowest price quoted in the active exchanges during the period, an impairment loss has occurred with respect to those digital assets in the amount equal to the difference between their carrying values and the price determined.
Impairment losses are recognized in operating expenses in the consolidated statements of operations in the period in which the impairment is identified. The impaired digital assets are written down to their fair value at the time of impairment and this new cost basis will not be adjusted upward for any subsequent increase in fair value. Gains are not recorded until realized upon sale or disposition.
Digital assets awarded to the Company through its mining activities are included within operating activities on the accompanying consolidated statements of cash flows. The sales of digital assets are included within investing activities in the accompanying consolidated statements of cash flows and any realized gains or losses from such sales are included in other income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company accounts for its gains or losses in accordance with the first in first out (FIFO) method of accounting.
The following table presents the activities of the digital assets (in thousands):
Balance at January 1, 2022$ 
Addition of digital assets1,958 
Digital assets issued for services(229)
Realized gain on sale of digital assets3 
Impairment loss(770)
Balance at June 30, 2022$962 
Investments
The Company holds investments in equity securities of public and nonpublic companies for business and strategic purposes. The nonpublic equity securities do not have a readily determinable fair value and are carried at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer. The Company reviews its investments on a regular basis to determine if the investments are impaired. For purposes of this assessment, the Company considers the investee’s cash position, earnings and revenue outlook, liquidity and management ownership, among other factors, in its review. If management’s assessment indicates that an impairment exists, the Company estimates the fair value of the equity investment and recognizes in current earnings an impairment loss that is equal to the difference between the fair value of the equity investment and its carrying amount. The Company recorded an impairment expense of $12.4 million to its investments during the three and six month period ended June 30, 2022.
Mining Equipment
Mining Equipment is stated at cost, including purchase price and all shipping and custom fees, and depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, generally five years.
The Company reviews the carrying amounts of mining equipment when events or changes in circumstances indicate the assets may not be recoverable. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss, if any. Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs.
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Intangible Assets
For intangible assets purchased in a business combination, the estimated fair values of the assets received are used to establish their recorded values. For intangible assets acquired in a non-monetary exchange, the estimated fair values of the assets transferred (or the estimated fair values of the assets received, if more clearly evident) are used to establish their recorded values. Valuation techniques consistent with the market approach, income approach and/or cost approach are used to measure fair value.
Purchased intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their economic lives of 15 months to 15 years for supplier agreements, six years for channel partner relationships, and seven years for customer relationships as this method most closely reflects the pattern in which the economic benefits of the assets will be consumed.
Impairment of Intangible Assets
Intangible assets are tested for impairment on an annual basis at December 31, or more frequently if there are indicators of impairment. Triggering events for impairment reviews may be indicators such as adverse industry or economic trends, restructuring actions, lower projections of profitability, or a sustained decline in our market capitalization. Intangible assets are quantitatively assessed for impairment, if necessary, by comparing their estimated fair values to their carrying values. If the carrying value exceeds the fair value, the difference is recorded as an impairment.
Revenue Recognition
The Company accounts for revenue pursuant to ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers and all the related amendments (“Topic 606”). Under Topic 606, an entity is required to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services, and contract consideration will be recognized on a “sell-in basis” or when control of the purchased goods or services transfer to the distributor.
The Company is engaged with digital asset mining pool operators to provide computing power to the mining pools. In exchange for providing computing power, the Company is entitled to a fractional share of the fixed cryptocurrency award the mining pool operator receives for successfully adding a block to the blockchain, plus a fractional share of the transaction fees attached to that blockchain. The Company’s fractional share is based on the proportion of computing power the Company contributed to the mining pool operator to the total computing power contributed by all mining pool participants in solving the current algorithm. The Company satisfies its performance obligation at the point in time that the Company is awarded a unit of digital currency through its participation in the applicable network and network participants benefit from the Company’s verification service. The transaction price is the fair value of the digital asset mined, being the fair value per the prevailing market rate for that digital asset on the transaction date, and this is allocated to the number of digital assets mined. The transaction consideration the Company receives is noncash consideration, in the form of digital currency, which the Company measures at fair value on the date received which is not materially different than the fair value at contract inception or time the Company has earned the award from the mining pools. Fair value of the digital currency award received is determined using the spot price of the related digital currency on the date earned. The Company cannot determine, during the course of solving for a block, that a reversal of revenue is not probable and therefore revenue is recognized when the mining pool operator successfully places a block (by being the first to solve an algorithm) and the Company receives confirmation of the consideration it will receive.
There is currently no definitive guidance under GAAP or alternative accounting framework for the accounting for digital currencies recognized as revenue or held, and management has exercised significant judgment in determining the appropriate accounting treatment. In the event authoritative guidance is enacted by the FASB, the Company may be required to change its policies, which could have an effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results from operations.
13


Expenses associated with running the digital asset mining operations, such as equipment depreciation, rent, operating supplies, utilities and monitoring services are recorded as cost of revenues.
The Company also generates revenue from: (i) solutions for standalone storage and integrated hyper-converged storage; (ii) professional services; and (iii) warranty and customer services. The Company recognizes revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for contracts with customers the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the promised goods or services in the contract; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract, including whether they are distinct in the context of the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price, including the constraint on variable consideration; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies the performance obligations.
Approximately 70% of the Company’s product and service revenue is recognized when performance obligations under the terms of a contract with a customer are satisfied at a point in time. These contracts are generally comprised of a single performance obligation to transfer products. Accordingly, the Company recognizes revenue when change of control has been transferred to the customer, generally at the time of shipment of products. The Company sells its products both directly to customers and through distributors generally under agreements with payment terms typically less than 45 days. Revenue on direct product sales, excluding sales to distributors, are not entitled to any specific right of return or price protection, except for any defective product that may be returned under our standard product warranty. Product sales to distribution customers that are subject to certain rights of return, stock rotation privileges and price protections, contain a component of “variable consideration.” Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products and is generally based upon a negotiated fixed price and is net of estimates for variable considerations.
For performance obligations related to warranty and customer services, such as extended product warranties, the Company transfers control and recognizes revenue on a time-elapsed basis. The performance obligations are satisfied as services are rendered typically on a stand-ready basis over the contract term, which is generally 12 months.
The Company also enters into revenue arrangements that may consist of multiple performance obligations of its product and service offerings such as for sales of hardware devices and extended warranty services. The Company allocates contract fees to the performance obligations on a relative stand-alone selling price basis. The Company determines the stand-alone selling price based on its normal pricing and discounting practices for the specific product and/or service when sold separately. When the Company is unable to establish the individual stand-alone price for all elements in an arrangement by reference to sold separately instances, the Company may estimate the stand-alone selling price of each performance obligation using a cost plus a margin approach, by reference to third party evidence of selling price, based on the Company’s actual historical selling prices of similar items, or based on a combination of the aforementioned methodologies; whichever management believes provides the most reliable estimate of stand-alone selling price.
Extended Warranty
Separately priced extended on-site warranties and service contracts are offered for sale to customers on all product lines. The Company contracts with third party service providers to provide service relating to on-site warranties and service contracts. Extended warranty and service contract revenue and amounts paid in advance to outside service organizations are deferred and recognized as service revenue and cost of service, respectively, over the period of the service agreement. The Company will typically apply the practical expedient to agreements wherein the period between transfer of any good or service in the contract and when the customer pays for that good or service is one year or less. Advanced payments for long-term maintenance and warranty contracts do not give rise to a significant financing component. Rather, such payments are required by the Company primarily for reasons other than the provision of finance to the entity.
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Research and Development Costs
Research and development expenses include payroll, employee benefits, share-based compensation expense, and other headcount-related expenses associated with product development. Research and development expenses are charged to operating expenses as incurred when these expenditures relate to the Company’s research and development efforts and have no alternative future uses.
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Comprehensive income (loss) and its components encompass all changes in equity other than those arising from transactions with shareholders, including net loss and foreign currency translation adjustments, and is disclosed in a separate condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss.
Share-based Compensation
The Company accounts for share-based awards, and similar equity instruments, granted to employees, non-employee directors, and consultants under the fair value method. Share-based compensation award types include stock options, restricted stock awards, and restricted stock units. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair value of option awards on the measurement date, which generally is the date of grant. The fair value of restricted stock awards and restricted stock units is estimated based on the market value of the Company’s common shares on the date of grant.
The cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of an equity instrument estimated fair value is recognized as expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award. Share-based compensation expense for an award with performance conditions is recognized when the achievement of such performance conditions are determined to be probable. If the outcome of such performance condition is not determined to be probable or is not met, no compensation expense is recognized and any previously recognized compensation expense is reversed. Forfeitures are recognized in share-based compensation expense as they occur.
The Company has not recognized, and does not expect to recognize in the near future, any tax benefit related to share-based compensation cost as a result of the full valuation allowance of our net deferred tax assets and its net operating loss carryforward.
Segment Reporting
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available and evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in deciding the method to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company has two operating segments.
Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the FASB that are adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date. If not discussed, the Company believes that the impact of recently issued standards will not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements upon adoption.
In August 2020, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-06, Debt with Conversion and other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40) (“ASU 2020-06”). The new guidance eliminates the beneficial conversion and cash conversion accounting models for convertible instruments. It also amends the accounting for certain contracts in an entity’s own equity that are currently accounted for as derivatives because of specific settlement provisions. In addition, the new guidance requires that the if-converted method is used in computing diluted EPS for all convertible instruments. The update is effective for annual reporting periods, including interim periods, beginning after December 15, 2021. The adoption of the new standard did not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
15


Accounting pronouncements pending adoption
On October 28, 2021, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2021-08, Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers (“ASU 2021-08”). ASU 2021-08 amends ASC 805 to require acquiring entities to apply Topic 606 to recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities in a business combination. The new standard is effective for the Company for its fiscal year beginning January 1, 2023 and interim periods within its fiscal year beginning January 1, 2023. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is evaluating the impact of adopting this standard.
3.    Notes Receivable
SPAC Sponsor Note to MEOA
In February and March 2022, the Company’s subsidiary, SPAC Sponsor, in connection with the MEOA Commitment Agreement, entered into promissory notes with MEOA for a loan in the aggregate amount of $337,000. Such note is payable upon consummation of MEOA’s initial business combination, without interest, or, at the SPAC Sponsor’s discretion, would be convertible into warrants of MEOA at a price of $1.00 per warrant. If MEOA does not complete a business combination in the required timeframe such note would be forgiven.
Gryphon Promissory Note
In July 2021, the Company entered into a Promissory Note and Security Agreement with Gryphon, which was amended on August 30, 2021, September 29, 2021, and further amended on December 29, 2021 (the “Gryphon Note” as amended). The Gryphon Note, pursuant to which the Company agreed to loan in the aggregate to Gryphon $12.5 million, has a payment schedule whereby the principal and accrued interest shall be due and payable commencing on completion of the Merger Agreement, to be forgiven if the Merger Agreement is terminated. In January 2022, the Company advanced to Gryphon $2.5 million per the terms of Gryphon Note, as amended. The Gryphon Note bore interest at the rate of 9.5% per annum. On April 4, 2022, the Merger Agreement was terminated and the Gryphon Note was forgiven and $13.1 million, including interest, was written off to other expense during the second quarter of 2022. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the outstanding Gryphon Note balance, including accrued interest, was nil and $10.3 million, respectively.
Rainmaker Promissory Note
In September 2020, the Company entered into a Senior Secured Convertible Promissory Note with Rainmaker (the “Rainmaker Note”), pursuant to which the Company loaned Rainmaker the principal amount of $3.1 million. The Rainmaker Note is secured as a registered lien under the Uniform Commercial Code and the Personal Property Security Act (Ontario) against the assets of Rainmaker and bears interest at the rate of 10.0% per annum. The principal and interest accrue monthly and are due and payable in full on September 14, 2023. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the outstanding Rainmaker Note balance, including accrued interest, was $3.7 million and $3.5 million, respectively.
16


4.    Certain Balance Sheet Items
The following table summarizes other current assets (in thousands):
June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Prepaid digital hosting services$34,910 $20,043 
Prepaid services1,164 1,477 
Prepaid insurance612 406 
Other719 101 
$37,405 $22,027 
The following table summarizes other assets (in thousands):
June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Deposit for mining equipment$109,101 $102,238 
Prepaid insurance and services184 251 
Other10 59 
$109,295 $102,548 
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5.    Intangible Assets
The following table summarizes intangible assets, net (in thousands):
June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Supplier agreements$68,147 $68,147 
Developed technology10,344 10,344 
Channel partner relationships730 730 
Customer relationships380 380 
Capitalized development costs103 103 
79,704 79,704 
Accumulated amortization:
Supplier agreements(18,417)(5,289)
Developed technology(10,344)(10,344)
Channel partner relationships(659)(598)
Customer relationships(360)(353)
Capitalized development costs(103)(103)
(29,883)(16,687)
Total finite-lived intangible assets, net49,821 63,017 
Carbon credits held for future use2,077  
Total intangible assets, net$51,898 $63,017 
Amortization expense of intangible assets was $7.0 million and $0.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Amortization expense of intangible assets was $13.2 million and $0.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Estimated amortization expense for intangible assets is expected to be approximately $13.9 million for the remainder of 2022 and $8.6 million, $8.6 million, $8.6 million, $8.6 million, and $0.8 million in fiscal 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026 and 2027, respectively.
Hertford Asset Acquisition
On July 31, 2021, the Company entered into an agreement (the “Hertford Agreement”) with Hertford Advisors Ltd. (“Hertford”), a privately held company that provides turnkey mining solutions, to provide an exclusive right to assume all of Hertford’s rights to a number of digital asset mining hardware agreements (the “Equipment Agreements”). The Company has assumed and executed the first Equipment Agreement directly with the manufacturer, for the purchase of up to 60,000 new digital asset mining machines, with deliveries that commenced in January 2022 and continue over the next nine months. In exchange for the assignment of the Equipment Agreements for which the Company has the right, but not the obligation, to complete, in 2021 the Company issued to Hertford common and preferred shares with an aggregate value of $53.8 million and is included in supplier agreements.
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6.Investments
Filecoiner Common Stock
In October 2021, the Company purchased 1,500,000 shares of common stock of Filecoiner, a private corporation, at a price equal to $4.00 per share and a cost basis of $6.0 million. During the three and six month period ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized an impairment for the common stock of Filecoiner held and recorded an impairment expense of $6.0 million.
Filecoiner Preferred Stock
In October 2021, the Company received 8,000 shares of Series B preferred stock of Filecoiner (“Filecoiner Series B Preferred Stock”) for consideration for the sale of its SnapServer® product line to Filecoiner. The preferred shares have a liquidation preference of $1,000 per share, do not accrue dividends nor have voting rights. Filecoiner will use 1.5% of its annual gross revenue to redeem any outstanding shares of Filecoiner Series B Preferred Stock. This amount will be paid to the holder of the Filecoiner Series B Preferred Stock within 15 days of the completion of Filecoiner's audited financial statements. During any 12-calendar month period, 25% of the shares of Series B Preferred Stock shall be convertible at the option of the holder thereof at any time into a number of shares of common stock determined by dividing (i) the original issue price by (ii) the conversion price then in effect. The initial conversion price for the Series B Preferred Stock shall be equal to $8.00 per share. The conversion price from time to time in effect is subject to adjustment as hereinafter provided in the Filecoiner acquisition agreement. The fair value of the Filecoiner Series B Preferred Stock was estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation with the following inputs: discount rate of 40%, risk-free rate of 1.05%, cost of debt of 7.48%, together with a capital option pricing model using the following inputs: volatility of 146% and risk-free rate of 1.05%. As of December 31, 2021, the fair value of the Filecoiner Series B Preferred Stock held by the Company was $6.4 million. During the three and six month period ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized an impairment for the preferred stock of Filecoiner held and recorded an impairment expense of $6.4 million.
Special Purpose Acquisition Company
In April 2021, the Company sponsored a special purpose acquisition company (“SPAC”), Minority Equality Opportunities Acquisition Inc. (“MEOA”), through the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, Minority Equality Opportunities Acquisition Sponsor, LLC (“SPAC Sponsor”). MEOA’s purpose is to focus initially on transactions with companies that are minority owned businesses. In April 2021, SPAC Sponsor paid $25,000 of deferred offering costs on behalf of MEOA in exchange for 2,875,000 shares of MEOA’s Class B common stock (the “Founder Shares”) and is recorded on a cost basis.
In August 2021, SPAC Sponsor participated in the private sale of an aggregate of 5,395,000 Warrants (the “Private Placement Warrants”) at a purchase price of $1.00 per Private Placement Warrant. The SPAC Sponsor paid $5.4 million to MEOA, which included $1.0 million from an investor participating in SPAC Sponsor and is included in other non-current liabilities. The Private Placement Warrants are not transferable, assignable or saleable until 30 days after MEOA completes a business combination. MEOA’s IPO was completed on August 30, 2021. The Private Placement Warrants held by the Company are recorded on a cost basis.
MEOA has 12 months from the closing of its IPO (or 21 months from the closing of its IPO if MEOA extends the period of time to consummate the initial Business Combination) (the “Combination Period”) to complete the initial Business Combination. If MEOA anticipates that it may not be able to consummate the initial Business Combination within 12 months, MEOA may extend the period of time to consummate a Business Combination by up to three additional three-month periods (up to a maximum of 21 months from the closing of the IPO). In order to extend the time available for MEOA to consummate its initial Business Combination, the SPAC Sponsor or its affiliates or designees must deposit into the Trust Account, for each additional three-month period, $1,265,000, on or prior to the date of the deadline with respect to such three-month extension period. The SPAC Sponsor and its affiliates or designees are not obligated to fund the Trust Account to extend the time for MEOA to complete its initial Business Combination. If MEOA is unable to complete the initial Business Combination within the Combination Period, MEOA will: (i) cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up; (ii) as promptly as reasonably possible, but not more than ten business
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days thereafter, redeem the public shares, at a per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the Trust Account including interest earned on the funds held in the Trust Account and not previously released to MEOA to pay its franchise and income taxes (less up to $100,000 of interest to pay dissolution expenses), divided by the number of then outstanding public shares, which redemption will completely extinguish public stockholders’ rights as stockholders (including the right to receive further liquidating distributions, if any), subject to applicable law; and (iii) as promptly as reasonably possible following such redemption, subject to the approval of MEOA’s remaining stockholders and the board of directors, dissolve and liquidate, subject in each case to MEOA’s obligations under Delaware law to provide for claims of creditors and the requirements of other applicable law. There will be no redemption rights or liquidating distributions with respect to the warrants, which will expire worthless if MEOA fails to complete the initial Business Combination within the Combination Period.
Silicon Valley Technology Partners
In November 2018, in connection with the divestiture of Overland Storage, Inc. (“Overland”), the Company received 1,879,699 Silicon Valley Technology Partners (“SVTP”) Preferred Shares. As of both June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the SVTP Preferred Shares have a fair value of $2.1 million. The fair value of this investment was estimated using discounted cash flows.
7.Fair Value Measurements
The authoritative guidance for fair value measurements establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The Company’s consolidated financial instruments include cash equivalents, accounts receivable, notes receivable, investments, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities. Fair value estimates of these instruments are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant market information. These estimates may be subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment and therefore cannot be determined with precision. The carrying amount of cash equivalents, accounts receivable, notes receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities are generally considered to be representative of their respective fair values because of the short-term nature of those instruments.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
As discussed in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, the Company accounts for its bitcoin as indefinite-lived intangible assets, which are subject to impairment losses if the fair value of its bitcoin held decreases below their carrying value during the reporting period. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company incurred impairment losses of $679,000 and $770,000, respectively, on its bitcoin held.
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8.Preferred Shares
Series H Preferred Shares
On October 1, 2021, the Company filed articles of amendment to create a series of preferred shares, being, an unlimited number of Series H Preferred Shares and to provide for the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching thereto. The Series H Preferred Shares are convertible provided (and only if and to the extent) that prior shareholder approval of the issuance of all Sphere 3D common shares issuable upon conversion of the Series H Preferred Shares has been obtained in accordance with the rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market, at any time from time to time, at the option of the holder thereof, into 1,000 Sphere 3D common shares for every Series H Preferred Share. Each holder of the Series H Preferred Shares, may, subject to prior shareholder approval, convert all or any part of the Series H Preferred Shares provided that after such conversion the common shares issuable, together with all the common shares held by the shareholder in the aggregate would not exceed 9.99% of the total number of outstanding common shares of the Company. Each Series H Preferred Share has a stated value of $1,000. The Series H Preferred Shares are non-voting and do not accrue dividends.
In connection with the Hertford Agreement the Company entered into in July 2021, on October 1, 2021, the Company issued 96,000 Series H Preferred Shares with a fair value of $42.4 million to Hertford. The issuance of the Series H Preferred Shares was triggered by the Company’s $85.0 million deposit made to BitFuFu for digital mining hardware and other equipment. The Company has committed to additional issuances of Series H Preferred Shares to Hertford upon execution of new digital mining hardware equipment contracts as defined in the Hertford Agreement.
Series B Preferred Shares
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, there were no preferred dividends. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, there were related party preferred dividends of $137,000 and $272,000, respectively.
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9.Share Capital
In April 2022, the Company issued 1,350,000 unregistered common shares, with a fair value of $1.7 million, to Bluesphere Ventures Inc. for the right to acquire up to 1,040,000 carbon credits over 14 months.
In March 2022, in connection with the Merger Agreement, the Company issued into escrow 850,000 common shares with a fair value of $1.2 million. On April 4, 2022, the Merger Agreement with Gryphon was terminated by the Company and the common shares were released to Gryphon as stated by the escrow agreement.
In December 2021, the Company entered into a consulting agreement with PGP Capital Advisors. (“PGP”) which was amended on February 7, 2022, to provide financial advisory services (as amended, the “PGP Consulting Agreement”). As compensation for PGP’s services to be provided pursuant to the PGP Consulting Agreement, on February 7, 2022, the Company issued to PGP (i) 100,000 common shares, (ii) 100,000 warrants to purchase up to 100,000 common shares at an exercise price of $4.00 per share, (iii) 100,000 warrants to purchase up to 100,000 common shares at an exercise price of $5.00 per share, and (iv) 100,000 warrants to purchase up to 100,000 common shares at an exercise price of $6.00 per share. The warrants are immediately exercisable and expire five years from the issuance date. The common shares and warrants issued to PCP had, in the aggregate, a fair value of $0.7 million.
The Company has an unlimited authorized number of common shares at no par value. At June 30, 2022, the Company had the following outstanding warrants to purchase common shares:
Date issuedContractual life (years)Exercise priceNumber outstandingExpiration
August 20175$42.0037,500 August 11, 2022
August 20175$42.0011,876 August 16, 2022
August 20175$42.0025,625 August 22, 2022
April 20185$5.60111,563 April 17, 2023
March 20203$0.6031,000 March 23, 2023
July 20213$4.002,000,000 December 22, 2024
August 20213$6.502,595,488 August 25, 2024
August 20213$7.502,595,488 August 25, 2024
September 20215$9.5011,299,999 September 8, 2026
October 20213$6.00850,000 October 1, 2024
February 20225$4.00100,000 February 7, 2027
February 20225$5.00100,000 February 7, 2027
February 20225$6.00100,000 February 7, 2027
19,858,539 
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10.Equity Incentive Plans
Stock Options
The fair value of option awards are estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Expected volatility was based on historical volatility of the Company’s common shares. The expected term of options granted was based on the simplified formula. The risk-free interest rate was based on the U.S. Treasury yield for a period consistent with the expected term of the option in effect at the time of the grant. The dividend yield assumption was based on the expectation of no future dividend payments. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes model were as follows:
Three Months
Ended June 30,
Six Months
Ended June 30,
2022202120222021
Expected volatility124 %n/a124 %n/a
Expected term (in years)4.2n/a4.2n/a
Risk-free interest rate
2.71-3.25%
n/a
2.71-3.25%
n/a
Dividend yield
The following table summarizes option activity:
Shares 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (years)
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value 
Options outstanding — January 1, 2022675 $565.76 
Granted1,456,696 $1.37 
Exercised $ 
Forfeited $ 
Options outstanding — June 30, 20221,457,371 $1.63 5.9$— 
Vested and expected to vest — June 30, 20221,457,371 $1.63 5.9$— 
Exercisable — June 30, 2022215,675 $3.25 5.8$— 
Restricted Stock
Restricted stock units (“RSUs”) are recorded at fair value on the date of grant. The majority of the RSUs granted in 2022 will vest in a period less than 12 months. The following table summarizes RSU activity:
 Number of
Shares
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair Value
Outstanding — January 1, 202260,000 $3.46 
Granted3,862,943 $2.10 
Vested(915,000)$2.22 
Forfeited $ 
Outstanding — June 30, 20223,007,943 $