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Income Taxes
12 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2017
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
INCOME TAXES
Income from operations before provision for income taxes is shown below:
in thousands
 
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
U.S.
 
$
10,745

 
$
15,453

Foreign
 
40

 
111

Income before provision for income taxes
 
$
10,785

 
$
15,564

 
 
 
 
 
The Company files a consolidated federal income tax return based on a June 30th tax year end. The provision for (benefit from) income taxes for the years ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 consists of the following:
in thousands
 
 
 
 
 
Years Ended,
June 30, 2017
 
June 30, 2016
 
Current:
 
 
 
 
 
Federal
 
13,642

 
(667
)
 
State and local
 
879

 
100

 
Foreign
 
(20
)
 
52

 
 
 
14,501

 
(515
)
 
Deferred:
 
 
 
 
 
Federal
 
(10,117
)
 
6,325

 
State and local
 
(663
)
 
483

 
 
 
(10,780
)
 
6,808

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision for income taxes
 
$
3,721

 
$
6,293

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

A reconciliation of the income tax provisions to the amounts computed by applying the statutory federal income tax rate (35% for 2017, and 2016) to income before income tax provisions for the years ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, are set forth below:
in thousands
 
 
 
 
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Federal income tax
 
$
3,775

 
$
5,447

 
State tax, net of federal benefit
 
210

 
437

 
Uncertain tax positions
 
(147
)
 
79

 
Change in valuation allowance
 
12

 
(70
)
 
Other
 
(129
)
 
400

 
Provision for income taxes (benefit)
 
$
3,721

 
$
6,293

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Tax Balances and Activity
The tax returns filed by the Company since the spinoff have been prepared on a basis consistent with past practices. Income taxes receivable represents amounts paid to federal and state jurisdictions in excess of amounts due to taxing authorities based upon taxable income. Income taxes payable represents amounts owed to federal and state jurisdictions in excess of amounts paid to taxing authorities based upon taxable income. Our deferred tax assets and liabilities represent tax effected balances that were assumed in the spinoff and generated since the spinoff.
Tax Separation Agreement
The Company files income tax returns in the U.S., various states and Austria. Prior to the Distribution, the Company was included in the consolidated federal and state tax filings of the Former Parent. In connection with the spinoff, the Company entered into a tax separation agreement with the Former Parent (the "Tax Separation Agreement").  The Tax Separation Agreement governs the respective rights, responsibilities and obligations of the Former Parent and the Company with respect to, among other things, liabilities for U.S. federal, state, local and other taxes. In addition to the allocation of tax liabilities, the Tax Separation Agreement addresses the preparation and filing of tax returns for such taxes and disputes with taxing authorities regarding such taxes. Pursuant to the Tax Separation Agreement, A-Mark may be responsible for any tax amount related to A-Mark that is incurred as the result of adjustments made during an Internal Revenue Service examination or other tax jurisdictions' examinations of the Former Parent. Under the terms of the Tax Separation Agreement, the Former Parent has the responsibility to prepare and file tax returns for tax periods ending prior to the Distribution date and for tax periods which include the Distribution date but end after the Distribution date, which includes A-Mark and its subsidiaries.
The Company's consolidated financial statements recognized the current and deferred income tax consequences that resulted from the Company's activities during the current and preceding periods, as if the Company were a separate taxpayer during the period prior to the Distribution rather than a member of the Former Parent's consolidated income tax return group. Current income tax receivable due from the Former Parent reflects balances due to A-Mark for its share of the income tax assets of the group.
As of June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, the amount receivable under the Company's income tax sharing obligation due from Former Parent totaled $0 million, and $0.2 million, respectively, and is shown on the face of the consolidated balance sheets as income taxes receivable from Former Parent.
SGI received a written opinion from Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP that the spinoff qualifies as a tax-free transaction under Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and that for U.S. federal income tax purposes, (i) no gain or loss shall be recognized by SGI upon the distribution of our common stock in the spinoff, and (ii) no gain or loss shall be recognized by, and no amount will be included in the income of, holders of SGI common stock upon the receipt of shares of our common stock in the spinoff. If, notwithstanding the conclusions included in the opinion, it is ultimately determined that the distribution does not qualify as tax-free for U.S. federal income tax purposes, each SGI shareholder that is subject to U.S. federal income tax and that received shares of our common stock in the distribution could be treated as receiving a taxable distribution in an amount equal to the fair market value of such shares. In addition, if the distribution were not to qualify as tax-free for U.S. federal income tax purposes, then SGI would recognize gain in an amount equal to the excess of the fair market value of our common stock distributed to SGI shareholders on the date of the distribution over SGI’s tax basis in such shares. Also, we could have an indemnification obligation to SGI related to its tax liability. The Company considers this possible outcome as remote, and as a result, no liability has been recorded.
Income Tax Receivable and Payable
As of June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, the income tax receivable totaled $0.0 million and $7.3 million, respectively. As of June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, the income tax payable totaled $1.4 million and $0.0 million, respectively.
Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities
In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized by evaluating both positive and negative evidence. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. As of June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, management concluded that with the exception of certain state net operating losses, it was more likely than not that the Company would be able to realize the benefit of the U.S. federal and state deferred tax assets. We based this conclusion on historical and projected operating performance, as well as our expectation that our operations will generate sufficient taxable income in future periods to realize the tax benefits associated with the deferred tax assets.
As of June 30, 2017, the consolidated balance sheet reflects the deferred tax items for each tax-paying component (i.e., federal and state), resulting in a state deferred tax asset of $1.4 million and a federal deferred tax asset of $2.5 million. As of June 30, 2016, the consolidated balance sheet reflects the deferred tax items for each tax-paying component (i.e., federal and state), resulting in a state deferred tax asset of $0.4 million and a federal deferred tax liability of $7.2 million. The schedule of deferred taxes presented below summarizes the components of deferred taxes that have been classified as deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities related to taxable temporary differences as of June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016:
in thousands
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2017
 
June 30, 2016
Accrued compensation
 
$
121

 
$
110

Deferred rent
 
367

 
194

Unrealized loss on futures and forward contracts
 

 
5,179

Unrealized loss on open purchase and sale commitments
 
5,026

 

Stock-based compensation
 
582

 
206

State tax accrual
 
112

 
2

Net operating loss carry forwards
 
705

 
929

Other
 
132

 
215

Deferred tax assets
 
7,045

 
6,835

Less: valuation allowances
 
(56
)
 
(44
)
Deferred tax assets after valuation allowances
 
6,989

 
6,791

 
 
 
 
 
Intangible assets
 
(1,347
)
 
(1,221
)
Unrealized gain on open purchase and sale commitments
 

 
(7,228
)
Unrealized gain on futures and forward contracts
 
(474
)
 

Fixed assets
 
(298
)
 
(87
)
Inventories
 
(454
)
 
(4,815
)
Earnings from equity method investment
 
(296
)
 
(261
)
Investment in Partnership
 
(161
)
 

Deferred tax liabilities
 
(3,030
)
 
(13,612
)
 
 
 
 
 
Net deferred tax asset (liability)
 
$
3,959

 
$
(6,821
)
 
 
 
 
 

Net Operating Loss Carryforwards and Valuation Allowances
As of June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, the Company's state and city net operating loss carryforwards totaled approximately $12.5 million and $16.6 million, respectively. As shown in the table above, the Company's tax-effected net operating loss carryforwards totaled, as of June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, $0.7 million and $0.9 million, respectively. These net operating loss carryforwards start to expire in the year ending June 30, 2028. As of June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, the Company had $56,000 and $44,000, respectively, of valuation allowance for certain state and city net operating loss carryforwards, based on the Company's annual assessment of the realizability of its deferred tax assets.
Unrecognized Tax Benefits
The Company has taken or expects to take certain tax benefits on its income tax return filings that it has not recognized a tax benefit (i.e., an unrecognized tax benefit) on its consolidated statements of income. The Company's measurement of its uncertain tax positions is based on management's assessment of all relevant information, including, but not limited to prior audit experience, audit settlement, or lapse of the applicable statute of limitations. Below is a reconciliation of the net unrecognized tax benefits for the years ended June 30, 2017 and 2016:
in thousands
 
 
 
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
 
$
280

 
$
243

Reductions due to lapse of statute of limitations
 
(97
)
 
(16
)
Additions as a result of tax positions taken during current period
 
14

 
53

Ending balance
 
$
197

 
$
280

 
 
 
 
 

In addition to the $197,000 of accrued tax expense related to unrecognized tax positions, as shown in the table above, the Company accrued $98,000 of interest and $53,000 of penalties related to its uncertain tax positions. As of June 30, 2017, the amount of this accrued liability (inclusive of the uncertain tax deductions and the associated interest and penalty accrual) totaled $348,000, and, if recognized, would reduce the Company's effective tax rate. For the years ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company recognized reversal of interest of approximately $(26,000) and $24,000 of interest expense, as well as, reversal of penalties of $(39,000) and penalties of $20,000 related to its uncertain tax positions, respectively.
Tax Examinations
With exception of the items noted below, either prior federal, state or local examinations have been completed by the tax authorities or the statute of limitations have expired for U.S. federal, state and local income tax returns filed by the for the years through June 30, 2012.
Internal Revenue Service - June 30, 2004 through June 30, 2007
Prior to the Distribution, the Company was included in the consolidated federal and state tax filings of the Former Parent. The Former Parent has been under examination by the IRS for the years ended June 30, 2004 through 2013; however, during the year ended June 30, 2015, the Former Parent was notified that it had successfully resolved the June 30, 2004 through June 30, 2007 tax years. As a result of the IRS exam, the Former Parent amended the state tax filings for the applicable periods during the year ended June 30, 2016. Generally the state statute for examining the specific items that were included in the amendment is two years from the date of filing. The amended state tax filings resulted in a tax benefit of approximately $0.6 million related to state net operating loss apportioned to the Company under intrastate apportionment rules for the year ended June 30, 2013. 
Internal Revenue Service - June 30, 2008 through June 30, 2013
During the year ended June 30, 2017, the Former Parent settled its IRS appeal for the tax years ended June 30, 2008 through 2013. As a result, the Former Parent amended its states filings that resulted in a state tax benefit of approximately $0.3 million to the Company. Generally, the state statute for examining the specific items that were included in the amendment is two years from the date of filing
Internal Revenue Service - June 30, 2015
During the year ended June 30, 2017, the Internal Revenue Service notified the Company of an examination for the year ended June 30, 2015. The Company is unable to determine the outcome of the exam at this time.
Utah State - June 30, 2011 through June 30, 2013
The Former Parent remains under exam with the state of Utah for the years ended June 30, 2011 through 2013. The Former Parent and the Company, as a subsidiary in a consolidated tax filing, are unable to determine the outcome of this exam at this time.
Former Parent New York - June 30, 2014 through March 14, 2014
During the year ended June 30, 2017, the Former Parent was notified by the New York Department of Taxation and Finance that its tax return was under examination for the period ended June 30, 2014, which included the Company’s short period tax return through March 14, 2014. The Company is unable to determine the outcome of the audit at this time.
A-Mark Precious Metals, Inc. New York - June 30, 2014 through June 30, 2016
During the year ended June 30, 2017, the Company was notified by the New York Department of Taxation and Finance that its tax returns for the periods ended June 30, 2014, June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2016 were selected for audit. The Company is unable to determine the outcome of the audit at this time.