10-Q 1 star630201810-qq2xq3.htm 10-Q Document

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
 
 
 
þ     
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018
OR
 
 
 
o     
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
For the transition period from _________ to _________
Commission file number 000-55428
STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
 
 
Maryland
 
36-4769184
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
 
 
18100 Von Karman Avenue, Suite 500
 
 
Irvine, California
 
92612
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 (949) 852-0700
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filed, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
 
Large Accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer o
 
 
Non-Accelerated filer þ

Smaller reporting company o
 
 
Emerging growth company þ
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No þ
As of August 3, 2018, there were 51,370,650 shares of the Registrant’s common stock issued and outstanding.
 



STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
INDEX
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

1


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements



STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
Assets:
 
 
 

Real Estate:
 
 
 
Land
$
164,113,072

 
$
164,113,072

Building and improvements
1,400,950,596

 
1,394,779,659

Total real estate, cost
1,565,063,668

 
1,558,892,731

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
(182,779,645
)
 
(147,726,630
)
Total real estate, net
1,382,284,023

 
1,411,166,101

Cash and cash equivalents
20,342,021

 
27,298,855

Restricted cash
12,737,041

 
11,368,850

Rents and other receivables
1,646,631

 
1,722,065

Other assets
4,180,791

 
2,812,186

Total assets
$
1,421,190,507

 
$
1,454,368,057

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Liabilities:
 
 
 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$
27,011,977

 
$
27,612,665

Notes Payable, net:
 
 
 
Mortgage notes payable, net
948,896,621

 
948,557,074

Revolving credit facilities, net
44,901,833

 
44,848,788

Total notes payable, net
993,798,454

 
993,405,862

Distributions payable
3,792,428

 
3,886,730

Due to affiliates
2,372,932

 
2,760,555

Total liabilities
1,026,975,791

 
1,027,665,812

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

 

Redeemable common stock

 
36,397,062

Stockholders’ Equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share; 100,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value per share; 999,999,000 shares authorized, 51,262,810 and 50,842,640 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
512,628

 
508,426

Convertible stock, $0.01 par value per share; 1,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
10

 
10

Additional paid-in capital
676,854,459

 
633,186,743

Cumulative distributions and net losses
(283,152,381
)
 
(243,389,996
)
Total stockholders’ equity
394,214,716

 
390,305,183

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
1,421,190,507

 
$
1,454,368,057

 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

2


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental income
$
37,749,899

 
$
36,355,539

 
$
74,550,233

 
$
71,858,687

Tenant reimbursements and other
4,725,267

 
4,465,330

 
9,291,959

 
8,666,957

Total revenues
42,475,166

 
40,820,869

 
83,842,192

 
80,525,644

Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating, maintenance and management
10,439,849

 
9,994,030

 
20,414,684

 
19,444,888

Real estate taxes and insurance
5,962,503

 
5,326,357

 
11,647,883

 
11,558,404

Fees to affiliates
5,826,703

 
5,725,587

 
11,623,381

 
11,364,558

Depreciation and amortization
17,629,793

 
16,725,862

 
35,065,143

 
34,124,387

Interest expense
10,231,952

 
8,417,150

 
19,324,835

 
16,299,864

General and administrative expenses
1,330,544

 
1,589,944

 
2,730,538

 
3,103,456

Acquisition costs

 
1,000

 

 
2,185

Total expenses
51,421,344

 
47,779,930

 
100,806,464

 
95,897,742

Net loss
$
(8,946,178
)
 
$
(6,959,061
)
 
$
(16,964,272
)
 
$
(15,372,098
)
Loss per common share — basic and diluted
$
(0.17
)
 
$
(0.14
)
 
$
(0.33
)
 
$
(0.31
)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding — basic and diluted
51,186,141

 
50,215,167

 
51,081,717

 
50,068,960

Distributions declared per share
$
0.224

 
$
0.224

 
$
0.446

 
$
0.446

 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2018 (Unaudited)
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Convertible Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In Capital
 
Cumulative Distributions & Net Losses
 
Total
Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
BALANCE, December 31, 2016

49,698,486

 
$
496,985

 
1,000

 
$
10

 
$
625,996,383

 
$
(164,445,092
)
 
$
462,048,286

Issuance of common stock

1,583,829

 
15,838

 

 

 
23,322,254

 

 
23,338,092

Transfers to redeemable common stock


 

 

 

 
(10,025,412
)
 

 
(10,025,412
)
Repurchase of common stock

(439,675
)
 
(4,397
)
 

 

 
(6,186,340
)
 

 
(6,190,737
)
Distributions declared


 

 

 

 

 
(45,321,063
)
 
(45,321,063
)
Amortization of stock-based compensation


 

 

 

 
79,858

 

 
79,858

Net loss


 

 

 

 

 
(33,623,841
)
 
(33,623,841
)
BALANCE, December 31, 2017

50,842,640

 
508,426

 
1,000

 
10

 
633,186,743

 
(243,389,996
)
 
390,305,183

Issuance of common stock
 
766,782

 
7,668

 

 

 
11,462,272

 

 
11,469,940

Commissions on sales of common stock and related dealer manager fees to affiliates
 

 

 

 

 
32,414

 

 
32,414

Transfers from redeemable common stock
 

 

 

 

 
37,028,102

 

 
37,028,102

Repurchase of common stock
 
(346,612
)
 
(3,466
)
 

 

 
(4,882,750
)
 

 
(4,886,216
)
Distributions declared
 

 

 

 

 

 
(22,798,113
)
 
(22,798,113
)
Amortization of stock-based compensation
 

 

 

 

 
27,678

 

 
27,678

Net loss
 

 

 

 

 

 
(16,964,272
)
 
(16,964,272
)
BALANCE, June 30, 2018
 
51,262,810

 
$
512,628

 
1,000

 
$
10

 
$
676,854,459

 
$
(283,152,381
)
 
$
394,214,716

 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
 
 
 

Net loss
$
(16,964,272
)
 
$
(15,372,098
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
35,065,143

 
34,124,387

Loss on disposal of buildings and improvements
188,369

 
111,138

Amortization of deferred financing costs
493,241

 
509,689

Amortization of stock-based compensation
27,678

 
33,756

Change in fair value of interest rate cap agreements
(578,894
)
 
395,654

Amortization of loan discount
177,491

 
177,492

Insurance claim recoveries
(143,972
)
 
(143,248
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Rents and other receivables
75,434

 
(399,047
)
Other assets
(789,711
)
 
1,332,254

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
1,373,613

 
(1,521,376
)
Due to affiliates
(146,735
)
 
(1,508,595
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
18,777,385

 
17,740,006

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Additions to real estate investments
(7,808,428
)
 
(16,327,840
)
Proceeds from insurance claims
143,972

 
143,248

Net cash used in investing activities
(7,664,456
)
 
(16,184,592
)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Principal payments on mortgage notes payable
(278,140
)
 
(132,157
)
Borrowings from revolving credit facilities

 
10,000,000

Payments of commissions on sale of common stock
(114,741
)
 
(117,537
)
Distributions to common stockholders
(11,422,475
)
 
(10,741,043
)
Repurchase of common stock
(4,886,216
)
 
(2,477,614
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(16,701,572
)
 
(3,468,351
)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(5,588,643
)
 
(1,912,937
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of the period
38,667,705

 
38,815,266

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of the period
$
33,079,062

 
$
36,902,329


5


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
18,585,763

 
$
14,968,071

Supplemental Disclosures of Noncash Flow Transactions:
 
 
 
Decrease in distributions payable
$
(94,302
)
 
$
(66,389
)
Distributions paid to common stockholders through common stock issuances pursuant to the distribution reinvestment plan
$
11,469,940

 
$
11,670,654

(Decrease) increase in redeemable common stock
$
(36,397,062
)
 
$
2,071,096

(Decrease) increase in redemptions payable
$
(631,040
)
 
$
309,371

Decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities from additions to real estate investments
$
(1,343,261
)
 
$
(1,606,909
)
Decrease in due to affiliates from additions to real estate investments
$
(93,733
)
 
$
(138,176
)
Decrease in due to affiliates for commissions on sale of common stock
$
(147,155
)
 
$
(117,537
)
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

6


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)


1.         Organization and Business
Steadfast Apartment REIT, Inc. (the “Company”) was formed on August 22, 2013, as a Maryland corporation that elected to qualify as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) commencing with the taxable year ended December 31, 2014. On September 3, 2013, the Company was initially capitalized with the sale of 13,500 shares of common stock to Steadfast REIT Investments, LLC (the “Sponsor”) at a purchase price of $15.00 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $202,500. Steadfast Apartment Advisor, LLC (the “Advisor”), a Delaware limited liability company formed on August 22, 2013, invested $1,000 in the Company in exchange for 1,000 shares of non-participating, non-voting convertible stock (the “Convertible Stock”) as described in Note 6 (Stockholders’ Equity).
The Company owns and operates a diverse portfolio of multifamily properties located in targeted markets throughout the United States. As of June 30, 2018, the Company owned 34 multifamily properties comprising a total of 11,601 apartment homes. For more information on the Company’s real estate portfolio, see Note 3 (Real Estate).
Public Offering
On December 30, 2013, the Company commenced its initial public offering to offer a maximum of 66,666,667 shares of common stock for sale to the public at an initial price of $15.00 per share (with discounts available for certain categories of purchasers) (the “Primary Offering”). The Company also registered up to 7,017,544 shares of common stock for sale pursuant to the Company’s distribution reinvestment plan (the “DRP,” and together with the Primary Offering, the “Public Offering”) at an initial price of $14.25 per share. The Company terminated its Public Offering on March 24, 2016, but continues to offer shares of common stock pursuant to the DRP. As of the termination of the Public Offering, the Company had sold 48,625,651 shares of common stock in the Public Offering for gross proceeds of $724,849,631, including 1,011,561 shares of common stock issued pursuant to the DRP for gross offering proceeds of $14,414,752. As of June 30, 2018, the Company had issued 52,180,957 shares of common stock for gross offering proceeds of $777,095,941, including 4,566,930 shares of common stock issued pursuant to the DRP for gross offering proceeds of $66,661,062.
On March 24, 2016, the Company’s board of directors determined an estimated value per share of the Company’s common stock of $14.46 as of December 31, 2015. On February 14, 2017, the Company’s board of directors determined an estimated value per share of the Company’s common stock of $14.85 as of December 31, 2016. On March 14, 2018, the Company’s board of directors determined an estimated value per share of the Company’s common stock of $15.18 as of December 31, 2017. In connection with the determination of an estimated value per share, the Company’s board of directors determined a price per share for the DRP of $14.46, $14.85 and $15.18, effective May 1, 2016, March 1, 2017 and April 1, 2018, respectively. The Company’s board of directors may again, from time to time, in its sole discretion, change the price at which the Company offers shares pursuant to the DRP to reflect changes in the Company’s estimated value per share and other factors that the Company’s board of directors deems relevant. 
The business of the Company is externally managed by the Advisor, pursuant to the Advisory Agreement dated December 13, 2013, by and among the Company, Steadfast Apartment REIT Operating Partnership, L.P. (the “Operating Partnership”) and the Advisor (as amended, the “Advisory Agreement”). The Advisory Agreement is subject to annual renewal by the Company’s board of directors. The current term of the Advisory Agreement expires on December 13, 2018. Subject to certain restrictions and limitations, the Advisor manages the Company’s day-to-day operations, manages the Company’s portfolio of properties and real estate-related assets, sources and presents investment opportunities to the Company’s board of directors and provides investment management services on the Company’s behalf. The Advisor has also entered into an Advisory Services Agreement with Crossroads Capital Advisors, LLC (“Crossroads Capital Advisors”), whereby Crossroads Capital Advisors provides certain advisory services to the Company on behalf of the Advisor. The Company retained Stira Capital Markets Group, LLC (formerly known as Steadfast Capital Markets Group, LLC) (the “Dealer Manager”), an affiliate of the Sponsor, to serve as the dealer manager for the Public Offering. The Dealer Manager was responsible for marketing the

7


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

Company’s shares of common stock offered pursuant to the Public Offering. The Advisor, along with the Dealer Manager, provides offering services, marketing, investor relations and other administrative services on the Company’s behalf. 
Substantially all of the Company’s business is conducted through the Operating Partnership. The Company is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. The Company and Steadfast Apartment REIT Limited Partner, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into a Limited Partnership Agreement (the “Partnership Agreement”) on September 3, 2013.
As the Company accepted subscriptions for shares of its common stock, the Company transferred substantially all of the net offering proceeds from its Public Offering to the Operating Partnership as a contribution in exchange for partnership interests and the Company’s percentage ownership in the Operating Partnership increased proportionately. The Partnership Agreement provides that the Operating Partnership is operated in a manner that will enable the Company to (1) satisfy the requirements for being classified as a REIT for tax purposes, (2) avoid any federal income or excise tax liability and (3) ensure that the Operating Partnership will not be classified as a “publicly traded partnership” for purposes of Section 7704 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Internal Revenue Code”), which classification could result in the Operating Partnership being taxed as a corporation. In addition to the administrative and operating costs and expenses incurred by the Operating Partnership in acquiring and operating real properties, the Operating Partnership pays all of the Company’s administrative costs and expenses, and such expenses are treated as expenses of the Operating Partnership.
The Company commenced its real estate operations on May 22, 2014, upon acquiring a fee simple interest in a multifamily property located in Spring Hill, Tennessee.
2.         Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no significant changes to the Company’s accounting policies since it filed its audited financial statements in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, other than the adoption of Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-18, as further described below. For further information about the Company’s accounting policies, refer to the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2017, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 16, 2018. 
Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, the Operating Partnership and its subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. The financial statements of the Company’s subsidiaries are prepared using accounting policies consistent with those of the Company.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information as contained within the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) and the rules and regulations of the SEC, including the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, the unaudited consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for audited financial statements. In the opinion of management, the financial statements for the unaudited interim periods presented include all adjustments that are of a normal and recurring nature and necessary for a fair and consistent presentation of the results of such periods. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018. The unaudited consolidated financial statements herein should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.



8


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

Use of Estimates
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.
Fair Value Measurements
Under GAAP, the Company is required to measure certain financial instruments at fair value on a recurring basis. In addition, the Company is required to measure other assets and liabilities at fair value on a non-recurring basis (e.g., carrying value of impaired real estate loans receivable and long-lived assets). Fair value is defined as the price that would be received upon the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The GAAP fair value framework uses a three-tiered approach. Fair value measurements are classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
Level 1: unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2: quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-derived valuations in which significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets; and
Level 3: prices or valuation techniques where little or no market data is available that requires inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.
When available, the Company utilizes quoted market prices from an independent third-party source to determine fair value and will classify such items in Level 1 or Level 2. In instances where the market is not active, regardless of the availability of a nonbinding quoted market price, observable inputs might not be relevant and could require the Company to make a significant adjustment to derive a fair value measurement. Additionally, in an inactive market, a market price quoted from an independent third party may rely more on models with inputs based on information available only to that independent third party. When the Company determines the market for a financial instrument owned by the Company to be illiquid or when market transactions for similar instruments do not appear orderly, the Company uses several valuation sources (including internal valuations, discounted cash flow analysis and quoted market prices) and will establish a fair value by assigning weights to the various valuation sources.
The following describes the valuation methodologies used by the Company to measure fair value, including an indication of the level in the fair value hierarchy in which each asset or liability is generally classified.
Interest rate cap agreements - The Company has entered into certain interest rate cap agreements. These derivatives are recorded at fair value. Fair value was based on a model-driven valuation using the associated variable rate curve and an implied market volatility, both of which were observable at commonly quoted intervals for the full term of the interest rate cap agreements. Therefore, the Company’s interest rate cap agreements were classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and are included in other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Changes in the fair value of the interest rate cap agreements are recorded as interest expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

9


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

The following tables reflect the Company’s assets required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis on the consolidated balance sheets:
 
 
June 30, 2018
 
 
Fair Value Measurements Using
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Interest rate cap agreements
 
$

 
$
926,303

 
$

 
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
Fair Value Measurements Using
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Interest rate cap agreements
 
$

 
$
347,409

 
$

Changes in assumptions or estimation methodologies can have a material effect on these estimated fair values. In this regard, the derived fair value estimates cannot be substantiated by comparison to independent markets and, in many cases, may not be realized in an immediate settlement of the instrument.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The accompanying consolidated balance sheets include the following financial instruments: cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, rents and other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, distributions payable, due to affiliates and notes payable.
The Company considers the carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, rents and other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities and distributions payable to approximate the fair value of these financial instruments based on the short duration between origination of the instruments and their expected realization. The fair value of amounts due to affiliates is not determinable due to the related party nature of such amounts. The Company has determined that its notes payable, net are classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy.
The fair value of the notes payable, net is estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis using borrowing rates available to the Company for debt instruments with similar terms and maturities. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the fair value of the notes payable was $1,009,694,569 and $1,011,004,179, respectively, compared to the carrying value of $993,798,455 and $993,405,862, respectively.
Distribution Policy
The Company elected to be taxed as, and currently qualifies as, a REIT commencing with the taxable year ended December 31, 2014. To maintain its qualification as a REIT, the Company intends to make distributions each taxable year equal to at least 90% of its REIT taxable income (which is determined without regard to the dividends-paid deduction or net capital gain and which does not necessarily equal net income as calculated in accordance with GAAP). Distributions declared during the six months ended June 30, 2018, were based on daily record dates and calculated at a rate of $0.002466 per share per day during the period from January 1, 2018 through June 30, 2018.
Distributions to stockholders are determined by the board of directors of the Company and are dependent upon a number of factors relating to the Company, including funds available for the payment of distributions, financial condition, the timing of property acquisitions, capital expenditure requirements and annual distribution requirements in order for the Company to qualify as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company

10


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

declared distributions totaling $0.224 and $0.446 per share of common stock, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company declared distributions totaling $0.224 and $0.446 per share of common stock, respectively.
Per Share Data
Basic loss per share attributable to common stockholders for all periods presented are computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of the Company’s common stock and all potentially dilutive securities, if any. Distributions declared per common share assume each share was issued and outstanding each day during the period. Nonvested shares of the Company’s restricted common stock and convertible stock give rise to potentially dilutive shares of the Company’s common stock but such shares were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because such shares were anti-dilutive during the period.
Segment Disclosure
The Company has determined that it has one reportable segment with activities related to investing in multifamily properties. The Company’s investments in real estate are in different geographic regions, and management evaluates operating performance on an individual asset level. However, as each of the Company’s assets has similar economic characteristics, tenants and products and services, its assets have been aggregated into one reportable segment.
Reclassifications
Certain amounts in the Company’s prior period consolidated unaudited financial statements were reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications did not change the results of operations of prior periods. On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2016-18, as further described below. As a result, the Company no longer presents transfers between cash and restricted cash in the consolidated statements of cash flows. Instead, restricted cash is included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning of the period and end of the period total amounts shown on the consolidated statements of cash flows.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09”). ASU 2014-09 requires an entity to recognize the revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services. ASU 2014-09 supersedes the revenue requirements in Revenue Recognition (Topic 605) and most industry-specific guidance throughout the Industry Topics of the Codification. ASU 2014-09 does not apply to lease contracts within the scope of Leases (Topic 840). In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which delayed the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year, which will result in ASU 2014-09 being effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017, and is to be applied retrospectively. Early adoption is permitted, but can be no earlier than the original public entity effective date of fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company selected the modified retrospective transition method with a cumulative effect recognized as of the date of adoption and adopted ASU 2014-09 effective January 1, 2018. The Company identified limited sources of revenues from non-lease components, and the Company did not experience a material impact on its revenue recognition in the consolidated financial statements upon adoption. Additionally, there was no impact to the Company’s recognition of rental revenue, as rental revenue from leasing arrangements was specifically excluded from ASU 2014-09.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (“ASU 2016-02”), amending the existing accounting standards for lease accounting, including requiring lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets and making targeted changes to lessor accounting. ASU 2016-02 requires a modified retrospective transition approach. ASU 2016-02 will be effective in the first quarter of 2019 and allows for early adoption. The Company is evaluating the impact of ASU 2016-02 on its leases both as it relates to the Company acting as a lessor and as a lessee. Based on the preliminary results of its evaluation, as it relates to the

11


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

former, the Company does not expect any material impact on the recognition of leases in the consolidated financial statements because under ASU 2016-02, lessors will continue to account for leases using an approach that is substantially equivalent to existing guidance for sales-type leases, direct financing leases, and operating leases. As it relates to the latter, the Company does not expect a material impact on the recognition of leases in the consolidated financial statements because the quantity of leased equipment by the Company is limited. The Company is finalizing its evaluation of ASU 2016-02 and plans to adopt ASU 2016-02 on January 1, 2019.
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230), Restricted Cash (“ASU 2016-18”)that requires that a statement of cash flows explains the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning of period and end of period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-18 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2016-18 on January 1, 2018 and applied it retrospectively. As a result of adopting ASU 2016-18, the Company began presenting restricted cash along with cash and cash equivalents in its consolidated statements of cash flows.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805)(“ASU 2017-01”): Clarifying the definition of business, that clarifies the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of businesses. ASU 2017-01 provides a screen to determine when a set is not a business. If the screen is not met, it (1) requires that to be considered a business, a set must include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create output and (2) removes the evaluation of whether a market participant could replace the missing elements. ASU 2017-01 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2017-01 as of January 1, 2017. The Company did not experience a material impact from adopting ASU 2017-01.
In February 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-05, Other Income - Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (“Subtopic 610-20”): Clarifying the Scope of Asset Derecognition Guidance and Accounting for Partial Sales of Nonfinancial Assets (“ASU 2017-05”), that clarifies that a financial asset is within the scope of Subtopic 610-20 if it meets the definition of an in substance nonfinancial asset and defines the term in substance nonfinancial asset. ASU 2017-05 also clarifies that nonfinancial assets within the scope of Subtopic 610-20 may include nonfinancial assets transferred within a legal entity to a counterparty. Subtopic 610-20, which was issued in May 2014 as part of ASU 2014-09 (discussed above), provides guidance for recognizing gains and losses from the transfer of nonfinancial assets in contracts with noncustomers. An entity is required to apply amendments in ASU 2017-05 at the same time it applies the amendments in ASU 2014-09. ASU 2017-05 requires retrospective application and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted ASU 2017-05 on January 1, 2018. The Company did not experience a material impact from adopting ASU 2017-05.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting (“ASU 2017-09”). The FASB issued ASU 2017-09 to provide clarity and reduce both (1) diversity in practice and (2) cost and complexity when applying the guidance in Topic 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation, to a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The amendments in ASU 2017-09 provide guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. ASU 2017-09 requires prospective application and is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted ASU 2017-09 on January 1, 2018. The Company did not experience a material impact from adopting ASU 2017-09.
In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements (“ASU 2018-11”). The FASB issued ASU 2018-11 to clarify ASU 2016-02. The amendments in ASU 2018-11 provide entities with an additional (and optional) transition method to adopt the new leases standard. Under this new transition method, an entity initially applies ASU 2016-02 at the adoption date and recognizes a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the

12


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

period of adoption. ASU 2018-11 also provides lessors with a practical expedient, by class of underlying asset, to not separate nonlease components from the associated lease component and, instead, to account for those components as a single component if the nonlease components otherwise would be accounted for under the new revenue guidance (Topic 606) and both of the following are met: (1) the timing and pattern of transfer of the nonlease components and associated lease component are the same, and (2) the lease component, if accounted for separately, would be classified as an operating lease. If the nonlease components associated with the lease component are the predominant component of the combined component, an entity is required to account for the combined component in accordance with Topic 606. Otherwise, the entity must account for the combined component as an operating lease in accordance with Topic 842. For entities that have not adopted Topic 842 before the issuance of ASU 2018-11, the effective date and transition requirements for ASU 2018-11 related to separating components of a contract are the same as the effective date and transition requirements in ASU 2016-02.
3.          Real Estate
As of June 30, 2018, the Company owned 34 multifamily properties comprising a total of 11,601 apartment homes. The total contract acquisition price of the Company’s real estate portfolio was $1,499,381,750. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company’s portfolio was approximately 94.4% and 93.1% occupied and the average monthly rent was $1,153 and $1,137, respectively.
As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, accumulated depreciation and amortization related to the Company’s consolidated real estate properties were as follows:
 
 
June 30, 2018
 
 
Assets
 
 
Land
 
Building and Improvements
 
Total Real Estate
Investments in real estate
 
$
164,113,072

 
$
1,400,950,596

 
$
1,565,063,668

Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization
 

 
(182,779,645
)
 
(182,779,645
)
Net investments in real estate and related lease intangibles
 
$
164,113,072

 
$
1,218,170,951

 
$
1,382,284,023



December 31, 2017


Assets


Land

Building and Improvements

Total Real Estate
Investments in real estate

$
164,113,072


$
1,394,779,659


$
1,558,892,731

Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization



(147,726,630
)

(147,726,630
)
Net investments in real estate and related lease intangibles

$
164,113,072


$
1,247,053,029


$
1,411,166,101

Depreciation and amortization expense was $17,629,793 and $35,065,143 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and $16,725,862 and $34,124,387 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively.
Depreciation of the Company’s buildings and improvements was $17,629,793 and $35,065,143 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and $16,725,862 and $33,114,275 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively.
No amortization of the Company’s tenant origination and absorption costs was recognized for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. Amortization of the Company’s tenant origination and absorption costs was $0 and $1,010,112 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017. Tenant origination and absorption costs had a weighted-average amortization period

13


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

as of the date of acquisition of less than one year. As of March 31, 2017, all tenant origination and absorption costs were fully amortized and written off.
Operating Leases
As of June 30, 2018, the Company’s real estate portfolio comprised 11,601 residential apartment homes and was 96.6% leased by a diverse group of residents. The residential lease terms consist of lease durations equal to twelve months or less.
Some residential leases contain provisions to extend the lease agreements, options for early termination after paying a specified penalty and other terms and conditions as negotiated. The Company retains substantially all of the risks and benefits of ownership of the real estate assets leased to tenants. Generally, upon the execution of a lease, the Company requires security deposits from tenants in the form of a cash deposit. Amounts required as security deposits vary depending upon the terms of the respective leases and the creditworthiness of the tenant, but generally are not significant amounts. Therefore, exposure to credit risk exists to the extent that a receivable from a tenant exceeds the amount of its security deposit. Security deposits received in cash related to tenant leases are included in accounts payables and accrued liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and totaled $3,928,861 and $3,613,649 as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
As of June 30, 2018 and 2017, no tenant represented over 10% of the Company’s annualized base rent.
4.          Other Assets
As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, other assets consisted of:
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Prepaid expenses
$
480,347

 
$
1,411,353

Interest rate cap agreements
926,303

 
347,409

Other deposits
2,774,141

 
1,053,424

Other assets
$
4,180,791

 
$
2,812,186



14


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

5.          Debt
Mortgage Notes Payable
The following is a summary of mortgage notes payable, net secured by real property as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.


June 30, 2018


 
 
 
 
Interest Rate Range
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate
 
 
Type

Number of Instruments
 
Maturity Date Range
 
Minimum
 
Maximum
 
 
Principal Outstanding
Variable rate(1)

29

12/1/2021 - 9/1/2026

1-Mo LIBOR + 1.61%


1-Mo LIBOR + 2.48%


4.11%

$
888,205,584

Fixed rate

2

7/1/2025 - 5/1/2054

4.34
%

4.60
%

4.51%

67,685,572

Mortgage notes payable, gross

31

 
 
 
 
 

4.12%

955,891,156

Discount, net(2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,098,347
)
Deferred financing costs, net(3)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(4,896,188
)
Mortgage notes payable, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
948,896,621

 
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest Rate Range
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate
 
 
Type
 
Number of Instruments
 
Maturity Date Range
 
Minimum
 
Maximum
 
 
Principal Outstanding
Variable rate(1)
 
29
 
12/1/2021 - 9/1/2026
 
1-Mo LIBOR + 1.61%

 
1-Mo LIBOR + 2.48%

 
3.58%
 
$
888,345,717

Fixed rate
 
2
 
7/1/2025 - 5/1/2054
 
4.34
%
 
4.60
%
 
4.51%
 
67,823,579

Mortgage notes payable, gross
 
31
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.63%
 
956,169,296

Discount, net(2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,275,838
)
Deferred financing costs, net(3)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(5,336,384
)
Mortgage notes payable, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
948,557,074

___________
(1)
See Note 10 (Derivative Financial Instruments) for a discussion of the interest rate cap agreements used to manage the exposure to interest rate movement on the Company’s variable rate loans.
(2)
Accumulated amortization related to the debt discount as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $623,192 and $445,701, respectively.
(3)
Accumulated amortization related to deferred financing costs as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $2,674,851 and $2,234,655, respectively.

15


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

Refinancing Transactions
On November 29, 2017, three of the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries refinanced their existing loans under the Company’s revolving credit facility for an aggregate principal amount of $93,825,000 and entered into new loan agreements (each a “Tranche 1 Loan Agreement”), with PNC Bank, National Association (“PNC Bank”) for an aggregate principal amount of $100,752,000, (the “November Refinancing Transactions”). Additionally, on December 29, 2017, another three of the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries refinanced their existing loans under the revolving credit facility for an aggregate principal amount of $92,475,000 and entered into new loan agreements (each a “Tranche 2 Loan Agreement” and, together with the Tranche 1 Loan Agreement, the “Loan Agreements”) with PNC Bank for an aggregate principal amount of $97,080,000, (the “December Refinancing Transactions,” and, together with the November Refinancing Transactions, the “Refinancing Transactions”).
In the Refinancing Transactions, each Loan Agreement was made pursuant to the Freddie Mac Capital Markets Execution Program (“CME”), as evidenced by a multifamily note. Pursuant to the CME, PNC Bank originates the mortgage loan and then transfers the loan to the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”). Each Loan Agreement refinanced in November and December provides for a term loan with a maturity of December 1, 2024 or January 1, 2025, respectively, unless the maturity date is accelerated in accordance with its terms. Each loan refinanced in November and December accrues interest at the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 1.94% or 1.88%, respectively. The entire outstanding principal balance and any accrued and unpaid interest on each of the loans are due on the maturity date. Interest and principal payments on the loans are payable monthly in arrears on specified dates as set forth in each loan agreement. Monthly payments are due and payable on the first day of each month commencing on January 1, or February 1, 2018, as applicable.
Revolving Credit Facility
On August 26, 2015, the Company entered into a revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) with PNC Bank, in an amount not to exceed $200,000,000, which provided for advances to purchase properties or refinance existing properties from time to time (subject to certain debt service and loan to value requirements). The Credit Facility had a maturity date of September 1, 2020, subject to extension (the “Maturity Date”). The maximum amount available to be drawn under the Credit Facility could have been increased up to $350,000,000 at any time during the period from January 1, 2016 to 12 months prior to the Maturity Date, as further described in the Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) entered into by certain of the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries with PNC Bank in connection with property acquisitions. For each advance drawn under the Credit Facility, an Addition Fee, as defined in the Credit Agreement, was incurred. Advances made under the Credit Facility were secured by the property for which such advances were used (each a “Loan” and collectively the “Loans”), as evidenced by the Credit Agreement, Multifamily Loan and Security Agreement (the “Loan and Security Agreement”), the Multifamily Revolving Credit Note (the “Note”) and a Multifamily Deed of Trust, Assignment of Rents, Security Agreement and Fixture Filing (the “Mortgage”) and a Guaranty from the Company (the “Guaranty,” together with the Credit Agreement, the Loan and Security Agreement, the Note and the Mortgage, the “Loan Documents”). Each Loan was purchased from PNC Bank by Freddie Mac. As of June 30, 2018, the Company had no outstanding balance under the Credit Facility. The Company is in the process of terminating the Credit Facility.
Interest on the outstanding principal balances of the Loans accrued at the one-month LIBOR plus (1) the servicing spread of 0.05% and (2) the net spread, based on the debt service coverage ratio, of between 1.80% and 2.10%, as further described in the applicable Notes. Monthly interest payments were due and payable on the first day of each month until the Maturity Date. The entire outstanding principal balance and any accrued and unpaid interest on the Loans were due and payable in full on the Maturity Date. In addition to monthly interest payments, an unused commitment fee equal to 0.1% of the average daily difference between (1) the amount outstanding and (2) the maximum facility available was due and payable monthly. Additionally, an unused capacity fee equal to 1.0% of the average daily difference between the amount of the (1) maximum facility available and (2) the outstanding borrowing tranches, each as defined in the Credit Agreement, was due and payable monthly. Upon the second anniversary of each advance pursuant to the Credit Facility, a seasoning fee equal to 0.25% of such advance was due and payable monthly. The seasoning fee would increase by 0.25% on each subsequent anniversary until the Maturity Date.

16


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

Revolving Line of Credit
On May 18, 2016, the Company entered into a line of credit facility (the “Line of Credit”) with PNC Bank in an amount not to exceed $65,000,000. The Line of Credit provides for advances (each, an “LOC Loan” and collectively, the “LOC Loans”) solely for the purpose of financing the costs in connection with acquisitions and development of real estate projects and for general corporate purposes (subject to certain debt service and loan to value requirements). The Line of Credit has a maturity date of May 17, 2019, subject to extension (the “LOC Maturity Date”), as further described in the loan agreement (the “LOC Loan Agreement”) entered into by certain of the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries with PNC Bank in connection with the acquisition of the Landings of Brentwood Property (the “Mortgaged Property”). Advances made under the Line of Credit are secured by the Mortgaged Property, as evidenced by the LOC Loan Agreement, the Revolving Credit Loan Note (the “LOC Note”), the Deed of Trust and a Guaranty from the Company (the “LOC Guaranty,” together with the LOC Loan Agreement and the LOC Note, the “LOC Loan Documents”).
The Company has the option to select the interest rate in respect of the outstanding unpaid principal amount of the LOC Loans from the following options (the “Interest Rate Options”): (1) the sum of the Base Rate (as defined in the LOC Loan Agreement) plus 0.60%, or (2) a rate per annum fixed for the applicable LIBOR Interest Period (as defined in the LOC Loan Agreement) equal to the sum of LIBOR plus 1.60%. The Company may select different Interest Rate Options and different LIBOR Interest Periods to apply simultaneously to the LOC Loans comprising of different Borrowing Tranches (as defined in the LOC Loan Agreement) and may convert to or renew one or more Interest Rate Options with respect to all or any portion of the LOC Loans comprising any borrowing tranche provided that there may not be at any time outstanding more than eight borrowing tranches. Monthly interest payments are due and payable in arrears on the first day of each month and on the LOC Maturity Date. The entire outstanding principal balance and any accrued and unpaid interest on the LOC Loans are due and payable in full on the LOC Maturity Date. As of June 30, 2018, the interest rate on the LOC Loans was 3.69%. In addition to monthly interest payments, the Company will pay PNC Bank a non-refundable commitment fee equal to (a) the average daily difference between (i) the maximum principal amount of the LOC Loans minus (ii) the aggregate outstanding principal amount of all advances multiplied by (b) 0.15%. The commitment fee shall be payable in arrears on the first day of each calendar quarter until the LOC Maturity Date.
As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the advances obtained and certain financing costs incurred under the Line of Credit, which is included in revolving credit facilities, net, in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, are summarized in the following table.
 
 
Amount of Advance as of
 
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Principal balance on revolving line of credit, gross(1)
 
$
45,000,000

 
$
45,000,000

Deferred financing costs, net  on revolving line of credit(2)
 
(98,167
)
 
(151,212
)
Revolving credit facilities, net
 
$
44,901,833

 
$
44,848,788

___________
(1)
Landings of Brentwood is pledged as collateral for repayment of amounts advanced under the Line of Credit.
(2)
Accumulated amortization related to deferred financing costs in respect of the Line of Credit as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, was $226,833 and $173,788, respectively.

17


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

Maturity and Interest
The following is a summary of the Company’s aggregate maturities as of June 30, 2018:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maturities During the Years Ending December 31,
 
 
Contractual Obligations
 
Total
 
Remainder of 2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
Thereafter
Principal payments on outstanding debt (1)
 
$
1,000,891,156

 
$
2,002,471

 
$
49,892,887

 
$
8,291,825

 
$
49,620,891

 
$
61,398,874

 
$
829,684,208

______________
(1)
Projected principal payments on outstanding debt obligations are based on the terms of the notes payable agreements. Amounts exclude the amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount associated with the notes payable.
The Company’s notes payable contain customary financial and non-financial debt covenants. As of June 30, 2018, the Company was in compliance with all debt covenants.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company incurred interest expense of $10,231,952 and $19,324,835, respectively. Interest expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, includes amortization of deferred financing costs of $246,966 and $493,241, net unrealized gains from the change in fair value of interest rate cap agreements of $131,281 and $578,894, amortization of loan discount of $88,746 and $177,491, and Credit Facility commitment fees of $7,479 and $14,877, respectively.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company incurred interest expense of $8,417,150 and $16,299,864, respectively. Interest expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, includes amortization of deferred financing costs of $255,957 and $509,689, net unrealized losses from the change in fair value of interest rate cap agreements of $140,652 and $395,654 and Credit Facility commitment fees of $10,942 and $24,312, respectively.
Interest expense of $3,229,175 and $2,581,941 was payable as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
6.         Stockholders’ Equity
 General
Under the Company’s Articles of Amendment and Restatement (the “Charter”), the total number of shares of capital stock authorized for issuance is 1,100,000,000 shares, consisting of 999,999,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.01 per share, 1,000 shares of convertible stock with a par value of $0.01 per share and 100,000,000 shares designated as preferred stock with a par value of $0.01 per share.
Common Stock
The shares of the Company’s common stock entitle the holders to one vote per share on all matters upon which stockholders are entitled to vote, to receive dividends and other distributions as authorized by the Company’s board of directors in accordance with the Maryland General Corporation Law and to all rights of a stockholder pursuant to the Maryland General Corporation Law. The common stock has no preferences or preemptive, conversion or exchange rights.
On September 3, 2013, the Company issued 13,500 shares of common stock to the Sponsor for $202,500. From inception through March 24, 2016, the date of the termination of the Public Offering, the Company had issued 48,625,651 shares of common stock in its Public Offering for offering proceeds of $640,012,497, including 1,011,561 shares of common stock issued pursuant to the DRP for total proceeds of $14,414,752, net of offering costs of $84,837,134. Following the termination of the Public Offering, the Company continues to offer shares pursuant to the DRP. As of June 30, 2018, the Company had issued

18


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

52,180,957 shares of common stock for offering proceeds of $692,258,807, including 4,566,930 shares of common stock issued pursuant to the DRP for total proceeds of $66,661,062, net of offering costs of $84,837,134. The offering costs primarily consisted of selling commissions and dealer manager fees.
As further discussed in Note 8 (Incentive Award Plan and Independent Director Compensation), the shares of restricted common stock vest and become non-forfeitable in four equal annual installments beginning on the date of grant and ending on the third anniversary of the date of grant or will become fully vested and become non-forfeitable on the earlier to occur of (1) the termination of the independent director’s service as a director due to his or her death or disability or (2) a change in control of the Company.
The issuance and vesting activity for the six months ended June 30, 2018, and year ended December 31, 2017, for the restricted stock issued to the Company’s independent directors as compensation for services in connection with the independent directors’ re-election to the board of directors at the Company’s annual meeting is as follows:
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
Year Ended December 31, 2017
Nonvested shares at the beginning of the period
 
7,497

 
9,997

Granted shares
 

 
4,998

Vested shares
 

 
(7,498
)
Nonvested shares at the end of the period
 
7,497

 
7,497

Additionally, the weighted average fair value of restricted common stock issued to the Company’s independent directors for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and year ended December 31, 2017 is as follows:
Grant Year
 
Weighted Average Fair Value
2017
 

$14.85

2018
 
n/a

Included in general and administrative expenses is $13,839 and $27,678 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and $13,887 and $33,756 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, for compensation expense related to the issuance of restricted common stock. As of June 30, 2018, the compensation expense related to the issuance of the restricted common stock not yet recognized was $61,329. The weighted average remaining term of the restricted common stock was approximately 0.8 years as of June 30, 2018. As of June 30, 2018, no shares of restricted common stock issued to the independent directors have been forfeited.
Convertible Stock
The Company issued 1,000 shares of Convertible Stock to the Advisor for $1,000. The Convertible Stock will convert into shares of common stock if and when: (A) the Company has made total distributions on the then-outstanding shares of its common stock equal to the original issue price of those shares plus an aggregate 6.0% cumulative, non-compounded, annual return on the original issue price of those shares, (B) the Company lists its common stock for trading on a national securities exchange or (C) the Advisory Agreement is terminated or not renewed (other than for “cause” as defined in the Advisory Agreement). In the event of a termination or non-renewal of the Advisory Agreement for cause, all of the shares of the Convertible Stock will be repurchased for $1.00. In general, each share of Convertible Stock will convert into a number of shares of common stock equal to 1/1000 of the quotient of (A) 15% of the excess of (1) the Company’s “enterprise value” plus the aggregate value of distributions paid to date on the then outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock over (2) the aggregate purchase price paid by stockholders for those outstanding shares of common stock plus an aggregated 6.0% cumulative, non-compounded, annual return on the original issue price of those outstanding shares, divided by (B) the

19


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

Company’s enterprise value divided by the number of outstanding shares of common stock on an as-converted basis, in each case calculated as of the date of the conversion.
Preferred Stock
The Charter also provides the Company’s board of directors with the authority to issue one or more classes or series of preferred stock, and prior to the issuance of such shares of preferred stock, the board of directors shall have the power from time to time to classify or reclassify, in one or more series, any unissued shares and designate the preferences, rights and privileges of such shares of preferred stock. The Company’s board of directors is authorized to amend the Charter without the approval of the stockholders to increase the aggregate number of authorized shares of capital stock or the number of shares of any class or series that the Company has authority to issue. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, no shares of the Company’s preferred stock were issued and outstanding.
Distribution Reinvestment Plan
The Company’s board of directors has approved the DRP through which common stockholders may elect to reinvest an amount equal to the distributions declared on their shares of common stock in additional shares of the Company’s common stock in lieu of receiving cash distributions. The purchase price per share under the DRP was initially $14.25. On March 14, 2018, February 14, 2017 and March 24, 2016, the Company’s board of directors determined a price per share for the DRP of $15.18, $14.85 and $14.46, effective April 1, 2018, March 1, 2017 and May 1, 2016, respectively, in connection with the determination of an estimated value per share of the Company’s common stock.
The Company’s board of directors may again, in its sole discretion, from time to time, change this price based upon changes in the Company’s estimated value per share and other factors that the Company’s board of directors deems relevant.
No sales commissions or dealer manager fees are payable on shares sold through the DRP. The Company’s board of directors may amend, suspend or terminate the DRP at its discretion at any time upon ten days’ notice to the Company’s stockholders. Following any termination of the DRP, all subsequent distributions to stockholders will be made in cash.
Share Repurchase Plan and Redeemable Common Stock
The Company’s share repurchase plan may provide an opportunity for stockholders to have their shares of common stock repurchased by the Company, subject to certain restrictions and limitations. No shares can be repurchased under the Company’s share repurchase plan until after the first anniversary of the date of purchase of such shares; provided, however, that this holding period shall not apply to repurchases requested within two years after the death or disability of a stockholder.
From March 29, 2016, the date the Company first published an estimated value per share, until April 14, 2018, the purchase price for shares repurchased under the Company’s share repurchase plan was as follows:
Share Purchase Anniversary
 
Repurchase Price
on Repurchase Date(1)
Less than 1 year
 
No Repurchase Allowed
1 year
 
92.5% of Estimated Value per Share(4)
2 years
 
95.0% of Estimated Value per Share(4)
3 years
 
97.5% of Estimated Value per Share(4)
4 years
 
100.0% of Estimated Value per Share(4)
In the event of a stockholder’s death or disability(2)
 
Average Issue Price for Shares(3)
On March 14, 2018, the board of directors of the Company determined to amend the terms of the Company’s share repurchase plan effective as of April 15, 2018 to (1) limit the amount of shares repurchased pursuant to the Company’s share repurchase plan each quarter to $2,000,000 and (2) revise the repurchase price to an amount equal to 93% of the most recently publicly disclosed estimated value per share. Pursuant to the amended share repurchase program, the new share repurchase

20


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

price is $14.12 per share, which represents 93% of the estimated value per share of $15.18. The share repurchase price is further reduced based on how long the stockholder has held the shares as follows:
Share Purchase Anniversary
 
Repurchase Price
on Repurchase Date(1)
Less than 1 year
 
No Repurchase Allowed
1 year
 
92.5% of the Share Repurchase Price(4)
2 years
 
95.0% of the Share Repurchase Price(4)
3 years
 
97.5% of the Share Repurchase Price(4)
4 years
 
100.0% of the Share Repurchase Price(4)
In the event of a stockholder’s death or disability(2)
 
Average Issue Price for Shares(3)
________________
(1) 
As adjusted for any stock dividends, combinations, splits, recapitalizations or any similar transaction with respect to the shares of common stock. Repurchase price includes the full amount paid for each share, including all sales commissions and dealer manager fees.
(2)
The required one-year holding period does not apply to repurchases requested within two years after the death or disability of a stockholder.
(3)
The purchase price per share for shares repurchased upon the death or disability of a stockholder will be equal to the average issue price per share for all of the stockholder’s shares.
(4)
The “Share Repurchase Price” equals 93% of the Estimated Value per Share. The “Estimated Value Per Share” is the most recently publicly disclosed estimated value per share determined by the Company’s board of directors.
The purchase price per share for shares repurchased pursuant to the Company’s share repurchase plan will be further reduced by the aggregate amount of net proceeds per share, if any, distributed to the Company’s stockholders prior to the Repurchase Date (defined below) as a result of the sale of one or more of the Company’s assets that constitutes a return of capital as a result of such sales.
Repurchases of shares of the Company’s common stock are made quarterly upon written request to the Company at least 15 days prior to the end of the applicable quarter. Repurchase requests are honored approximately 30 days following the end of the applicable quarter (“Repurchase Date”). Stockholders may withdraw their repurchase request at any time up to three business days prior to the Repurchase Date. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company repurchased a total of 144,440 and 346,610 shares with a total repurchase value of $2,000,000 and $4,886,216 and received requests for repurchases of 231,575 and 541,527 shares with a total repurchase value of $3,212,937 and $7,475,664, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company repurchased a total of 102,257 and 178,022 shares with a total repurchase value of $1,424,416 and $2,477,614 and received requests for repurchases of 95,640 and 197,827 shares with a total repurchase value of $1,362,567 and $2,785,983, respectively.
As of June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, the Company had 142,393 and 95,640 shares of outstanding and unfulfilled repurchase requests, respectively, and recorded $2,000,000 and $1,362,567 in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets related to these unfulfilled repurchase requests, respectively. The Company repurchased the shares of common stock represented by the outstanding repurchase requests as of June 30, 2018 and 2017, of $2,000,000 and $1,362,567 on the July 31, 2018 and July 31, 2017 Repurchase Dates, respectively.
The Company cannot guarantee that the funds set aside for the share repurchase plan will be sufficient to accommodate all repurchase requests made in any quarter. In the event that the Company does not have sufficient funds available to repurchase all of the shares of the Company’s common stock for which repurchase requests have been submitted in any quarter, priority will be given to repurchase requests in the case of the death or disability of a stockholder. If the Company repurchases less than

21


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

all of the shares subject to a repurchase request in any quarter, with respect to any shares which have not been repurchased, the Company will treat the shares that have not been repurchased as a request for repurchase in the following quarter pursuant to the limitations of the share repurchase plan and when sufficient funds are available, unless the stockholder withdraws the request for repurchase. Such pending requests will be honored among all requests for repurchases in any given repurchase period as follows: first, pro rata as to repurchases sought upon a stockholder’s death or disability; and, next, pro rata as to other repurchase requests.
The Company is not obligated to repurchase shares of its common stock under the share repurchase plan. The share repurchase plan limits the number of shares to be repurchased in any calendar year to (1) 5% of the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the prior calendar year and (2) those that could be funded from the net proceeds from the sale of shares under the DRP in the prior calendar year, plus such additional funds as may be reserved for that purpose by the Company’s board of directors. Such sources of funds could include cash on hand, cash available from borrowings and cash from liquidations of securities investments as of the end of the applicable month, to the extent that such funds are not otherwise dedicated to a particular use, such as working capital, cash distributions to stockholders or purchases of real estate assets. The Company’s board of directors has further limited the amount of shares that may be repurchased pursuant to the share repurchase plan to $2,000,000 per quarter. There is no fee in connection with a repurchase of shares of the Company’s common stock pursuant to the Company’s share repurchase plan.
The Company’s board of directors may, in its sole discretion, further amend, suspend or terminate the share repurchase plan at any time upon 30 days’ notice to its stockholders if it determines that the funds available to fund the share repurchase plan are needed for other business or operational purposes or that amendment, suspension or termination of the share repurchase plan is in the best interest of the Company’s stockholders. Therefore, a stockholder may not have the opportunity to make a repurchase request prior to any potential termination of the Company’s share repurchase plan. The share repurchase plan will terminate in the event that a secondary market develops for the Company’s shares of common stock.
Pursuant to the share repurchase plan, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company reclassified $0 and $37,028,102, net of $2,000,000 and $4,886,216 of fulfilled redemption requests, respectively, from temporary equity to permanent equity, which is included as additional paid-in capital on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company reclassified $4,458,910 and $2,071,096, net of $1,424,416 and $2,477,614 of fulfilled redemption requests, respectively, from permanent equity to temporary equity, which is included as redeemable common stock on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
Distributions
The Company’s long-term policy is to pay distributions solely from cash flow from operations. However, because the Company may receive income from interest or rents at various times during the Company’s fiscal year and because the Company may need cash flow from operations during a particular period to fund capital expenditures and other expenses, the Company expects that from time to time during the Company’s operational stage, the Company will declare distributions in anticipation of cash flow that the Company expects to receive during a later period, and the Company expects to pay these distributions in advance of its actual receipt of these funds. The Company’s board of directors has the authority under its organizational documents, to the extent permitted by Maryland law, to fund distributions from sources such as borrowings, offering proceeds or advances and the deferral of fees and expense reimbursements by the Advisor, in its sole discretion. The Company has not established a limit on the amount of proceeds it may use to fund distributions from sources other than cash flow from operations. If the Company pays distributions from sources other than cash flow from operations, the Company will have fewer funds available and stockholders’ overall return on their investment in the Company may be reduced.
To maintain the Company’s qualification as a REIT, the Company must make aggregate annual distributions to its stockholders of at least 90% of its REIT taxable income (which is computed without regard to the dividends-paid deduction or net capital gain and which does not necessarily equal net income as calculated in accordance with GAAP). If the Company meets the REIT qualification requirements, the Company generally will not be subject to federal income tax on the income that the Company distributes to its stockholders each year.

22


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

Distributions Declared
The Company’s board of directors approved a cash distribution that accrued at a rate of $0.002466 per day for each share of the Company’s common stock during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, which, if paid over a 365-day period is equivalent to a 6.0% annualized distribution rate based on a purchase price of $15.00 per share of the Company’s common stock. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, a cash distribution accrued at a rate of $0.002466 per day for each share, which, if paid over a 365-day period, is equivalent to a 6.0% annualized distribution rate based on a purchase price of $15.00 per share of the Company’s common stock. The distributions declared accrue daily to stockholders of record as of the close of business on each day and are payable in cumulative amounts on or before the third day of each calendar month with respect to the prior month. There is no guarantee that the Company will continue to pay distributions at this rate or at all.
Distributions declared for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, were $11,485,650 and $22,798,113, including $5,698,302 and $11,369,398, or 375,382 and 757,274 shares of common stock, respectively, attributable to the DRP.
Distributions declared for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 were $11,267,096 and $22,345,308, including $5,825,338 and $11,599,095, or 392,278 and 784,708 shares of common stock, respectively, attributable to the DRP.
As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, $3,792,428 and $3,886,730 of distributions declared were payable, which included $1,870,368 and $1,970,910, or 123,213 shares and 132,721 shares of common stock, attributable to the DRP, respectively.
Distributions Paid
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company paid cash distributions of $5,824,954 and $11,422,475, which related to distributions declared for each day in the period from March 1, 2018 through May 31, 2018 and December 1, 2017 through May 31, 2018, respectively. Additionally, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, 382,875 shares and 766,783 shares of common stock were issued pursuant to the DRP for gross offering proceeds of $5,768,910 and $11,469,940, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company paid total distributions of $11,593,864 and $22,892,415, respectively. 
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company paid cash distributions of $5,485,359 and $10,741,043, which related to distributions declared for each day in the period from March 1, 2017 through May 31, 2017 and December 1, 2016 through May 31, 2017, respectively. Additionally, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, 396,184 shares and 793,146 shares of common stock were issued pursuant to the DRP for gross offering proceeds of $5,883,326 and $11,670,654, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company paid total distributions of $11,368,685 and $22,411,697, respectively.
7.          Related Party Arrangements
The Company has entered into the Advisory Agreement with the Advisor and a Dealer Manager Agreement with the Dealer Manager. Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement and Dealer Manager Agreement, the Company is or was obligated to pay the Advisor and the Dealer Manager specified fees upon the provision of certain services related to the Public Offering, the investment of funds in real estate and real estate-related investments and the management of the Company’s investments and for other services (including, but not limited to, the disposition of investments). Subject to the limitations described below, the Company is also obligated to reimburse the Advisor and its affiliates for organization and offering costs incurred by the Advisor and its affiliates on behalf of the Company, as well as acquisition and origination expenses and certain operating expenses incurred on behalf of the Company or incurred in connection with providing services to the Company.

23


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

Amounts attributable to the Advisor and its affiliates incurred for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, and amounts attributable to the Advisor and its affiliates that are payable (prepaid) as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, are as follows:
 
 
Incurred For the
 
Incurred For the
 
Payable (prepaid) as of
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Consolidated Statements of Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expensed
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment management fees(1)
 
$
4,281,765

 
$
4,224,789

 
$
8,544,018

 
$
8,424,929

 
$
1,212

 
$

Acquisition expenses(2)
 

 
(1,185
)
 

 

 

 

Loan coordination fees(1)
 

 

 

 

 

 
728,100

Property management:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fees(1)
 
1,221,040

 
1,173,907

 
2,412,207

 
2,316,254

 
409,191

 
396,722

Reimbursement of onsite personnel(3)
 
3,653,858

 
3,441,832

 
7,216,593

 
6,881,265

 
1,262,827

 
766,894

Other fees(1)
 
323,898

 
326,891

 
667,156

 
623,375

 
38,009

 
41,950

Other fees - property operations(3)
 
22,994

 
23,301

 
46,643

 
50,008

 

 

Other fees - G&A(4)
 
10,388

 
11,056

 
19,687

 
32,201

 

 

Other operating expenses(4)
 
279,690

 
451,937

 
541,101

 
893,703

 
152,068

 
76,515

Insurance proceeds(5)
 

 
(72,213
)
 

 
(172,213
)
 

 

     Property insurance(6)
 
379,095

 
54,163

 
758,189

 
94,432

 

 
(172,717
)
Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capitalized
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Capital expenditures(7)
 
1,673

 
19,516

 
7,295

 
19,516

 

 

        Construction management:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Fees(7)
 
51,659

 
329,541

 
188,102

 
881,468

 
35,938

 
125,159

    Reimbursement of labor costs(7)
 
267,796

 
682,153

 
500,387

 
1,703,447

 
58,503

 
62,876

Additional paid-in capital
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling commissions
 

 

 

 

 
415,184

 
562,339

 
 
$
10,493,856

 
$
10,665,688

 
$
20,901,378

 
$
21,748,385

 
$
2,372,932

 
$
2,587,838

_____________________
(1)
Included in fees to affiliates in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
(2)
Included in acquisition costs in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
(3)
Included in operating, maintenance and management in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
(4)
Included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
(5)
Included in tenant reimbursements and other in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.


24


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

(6)
Property related insurance expense and the amortization of the prepaid insurance deductible account are included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The amortization of the prepaid property insurance is included in operating, maintenance and management expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The prepaid insurance is included in other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets upon payment.
(7)
Included in building and improvements in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
Investment Management Fee
The Company pays the Advisor a monthly investment management fee equal to one-twelfth of 1.0% of the cost of the Company’s investments in real properties and real estate-related assets or the Company’s proportionate share thereof in the case of investments made through joint ventures. Such fee is calculated including acquisition fees, acquisition expenses and any debt attributable to such investments.
Acquisition Fees and Expenses
The Company pays the Advisor an acquisition fee equal to 1.0% of the cost of investment, which includes the amount actually paid or budgeted to fund the acquisition, origination, development, construction or improvement (i.e. value-enhancement) of any real property or real estate-related asset acquired. In addition to acquisition fees, the Company reimburses the Advisor for amounts directly incurred by the Advisor and amounts the Advisor pays to third parties in connection with the selection, evaluation, acquisition and development of a property or acquisition of real estate-related assets, whether or not the Company ultimately acquires the property or the real estate-related assets.
The Charter limits the Company’s ability to pay acquisition fees if the total of all acquisition fees and expenses relating to the purchase would exceed 4.5% of the contract purchase price. Under the Charter, a majority of the Company’s board of directors, including a majority of the independent directors, is required to approve any acquisition fees (or portion thereof) that would cause the total of all acquisition fees and expenses relating to an acquisition to exceed 4.5% of the contract purchase price. In connection with the purchase of securities, the acquisition fee may be paid to an affiliate of the Advisor that is registered as a Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) member broker-dealer if applicable FINRA rules would prohibit the payment of the acquisition fee to a firm that is not a registered broker-dealer. 
Loan Coordination Fee
The Company pays the Advisor or its affiliate a loan coordination fee equal to 1.0% of the initial amount of the new debt financed or outstanding debt assumed in connection with the acquisition, development, construction, improvement or origination of a property or a real estate-related asset. In addition, in connection with any financing or the refinancing of any debt (in each case, other than identified at the time of the acquisition of a property or a real estate-related asset), the Company pays the Advisor or its affiliate a loan coordination fee equal to 0.75% of the amount of debt financed or refinanced.
Property Management Fees and Expenses
The Company has entered into property management agreements (each, a “Property Management Agreement”) with Steadfast Management Company, Inc., an affiliate of the Sponsor (the “Property Manager”), in connection with the management of each of the Company’s properties. At June 30, 2018, the property management fee payable with respect to each property under the Property Management Agreements ranged from 2.50% to 3.0% of the annual gross revenue collected at the property, as determined by the Advisor and approved by a majority of the Company’s board of directors, including a majority of the independent directors. Each Property Management Agreement has an initial one-year term and will continue thereafter on a month-to-month basis unless either party gives 60-days’ prior notice of its desire to terminate the Property Management Agreement, provided that the Company may terminate the Property Management Agreement at any time upon a determination of gross negligence, willful misconduct or bad acts of the Property Manager or its employees or upon an uncured breach of the Property Management Agreement upon 30 days’ prior written notice to the Property Manager.

25


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

In addition to the property management fee, the Property Management Agreements also specify certain other fees payable to the Property Manager for benefit administration, information technology infrastructure, licenses, support and training services and capital expenditures. The Company also reimburses the Property Manager for the salaries and related benefits of on-site property management employees.
Construction Management Fees and Expenses 
The Company has entered into construction management agreements (each a “Construction Management Agreement”) with Pacific Coast Land & Construction, Inc., an affiliate of the Sponsor (the “Construction Manager”), in connection with capital improvements and renovation or value-enhancement projects for certain properties the Company acquires. The construction management fee payable with respect to each property under the Construction Management Agreements ranges from 8.0% to 12.0% of the costs of the improvements for which the Construction Manager has planning and oversight authority. Generally, each Construction Management Agreement can be terminated by either party with 30 days prior written notice to the other party. Construction management fees are capitalized to the respective real estate properties in the period in which they are incurred as such costs relate to capital improvements and renovations for apartment homes taken out of service while they undergo the planned renovation.
The Company may also reimburse the Construction Manager for the salaries and related benefits of certain of its employees for time spent working on capital improvements and renovations.
Property Insurance
The Company deposits amounts with an affiliate of the Sponsor to fund a prepaid insurance deductible account to cover the cost of required insurance deductibles across all properties of the Company and other affiliated entities. Upon filing a major claim, proceeds from the insurance deductible account may be used by the Company or another affiliate of the Sponsor. In addition, the Company deposits amounts with an affiliate of the Sponsor to cover the cost of property and property related insurance across certain properties of the Company.
Other Operating Expense Reimbursement
In addition to the various fees paid to the Advisor, the Company is obligated to pay directly or reimburse all expenses incurred by the Advisor in providing services to the Company, including the Company’s allocable share of the Advisor’s overhead, such as rent, employee costs, utilities and information technology costs. The Company will not reimburse the Advisor for employee costs in connection with services for which the Advisor or its affiliates receive acquisition fees or disposition fees or for the salaries the Advisor pays to the Company’s executive officers.
The Charter limits the Company’s total operating expenses during any four fiscal quarters to the greater of 2% of the Company’s average invested assets or 25% of the Company’s net income for the same period (the “2%/25% Limitation”). The Company may reimburse the Advisor, at the end of each fiscal quarter, for operating expenses incurred by the Advisor; provided, however, that the Company shall not reimburse the Advisor at the end of any fiscal quarter for operating expenses that exceed the 2%/25% Limitation unless the independent directors have determined that such excess expenses were justified based on unusual and non-recurring factors. The Advisor must reimburse the Company for the amount by which the Company’s operating expenses for the preceding four fiscal quarters then ended exceed the 2%/25% Limitation, unless approved by the independent directors. For purposes of determining the 2%/25% Limitation amount, “average invested assets” means the average monthly book value of the Company’s assets invested directly or indirectly in equity interests and loans secured by real estate during the 12-month period before deducting depreciation, bad debts reserves or other non-cash reserves. “Total operating expenses” means all expenses paid or incurred by the Company that are in any way related to the Company’s operation, including the Company’s allocable share of Advisor overhead and investment management fees, but excluding (a) the expenses of raising capital such as organization and offering expenses, legal, audit, accounting, underwriting, brokerage, listing, registration and other fees, printing and other such expenses and taxes incurred in connection with the issuance, distribution, transfer, listing and registration of shares of the Company’s common stock; (b) interest payments; (c) taxes; (d) non-cash expenditures such as depreciation, amortization and bad debt reserves; (e) reasonable incentive fees based on the gain in the sale of the Company’s assets; (f) acquisition fees and acquisition expenses (including expenses relating to potential

26


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

acquisitions that the Company does not close); (g) real estate commissions on the resale of investments; and (h) other expenses connected with the acquisition, disposition, management and ownership of investments (including the costs of foreclosure, insurance premiums, legal services, maintenance, repair and improvement of real property).
As of June 30, 2018, the Company’s total operating expenses, as defined above, did not exceed the 2%/25% Limitation.
Disposition Fee
If the Advisor or its affiliates provide a substantial amount of services in connection with the sale of a property or real estate-related asset as determined by a majority of the Company’s independent directors, the Company will pay the Advisor or its affiliates one-half of the brokerage commissions paid, but in no event to exceed 1% of the sales price of each property or real estate-related asset sold. To the extent the disposition fee is paid upon the sale of any assets other than real property, it will be included as an operating expense for purposes of the 2%/25% Limitation. In connection with the sale of securities, the disposition fee may be paid to an affiliate of the Advisor that is registered as a FINRA member broker-dealer if applicable FINRA rules would prohibit the payment of the disposition fee to a firm that is not a registered broker-dealer. As of June 30, 2018, the Company had not sold or otherwise disposed of any properties or any real estate-related assets. Accordingly, the Company had not incurred any disposition fees as of June 30, 2018
Selling Commissions and Dealer Manager Fees
The Company paid the Dealer Manager up to 7% and 3% of the gross offering proceeds from the Primary Offering as selling commissions and dealer manager fees, respectively. The Dealer Manager reallowed 100% of sales commissions earned to participating broker-dealers. The Dealer Manager could also reallow to any participating broker-dealer a portion of the dealer manager fee that was attributable to that participating broker-dealer for certain marketing costs of that participating broker-dealer. The Dealer Manager negotiated the reallowance of the dealer manager fee on a case-by-case basis with each participating broker-dealer subject to various factors associated with the cost of the marketing program. The Company allowed a participating broker-dealer to elect to receive the 7% selling commission at the time of sale or elect to have the selling commission paid on a trailing basis. A participating broker-dealer that elected to receive a trailing selling commission is paid as follows: 3% at the time of sale and the remaining 4% paid ratably (1% per year) on each of the first four anniversaries of the sale. A reduced sales commission and dealer manager fee was paid in connection with volume discounts and certain other categories of sales. No sales commission or dealer manager fee was paid with respect to shares of common stock issued pursuant to the DRP. The Company terminated the Public Offering on March 24, 2016, and as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, expects to pay trailing selling commissions of $415,184 and $562,339, respectively, which were charged to additional paid-in capital and included within amounts due to affiliates in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
8.          Incentive Award Plan and Independent Director Compensation
The Company has adopted an incentive award plan (the “Incentive Award Plan”) that provides for the grant of equity awards to its employees, directors and consultants and those of the Company’s affiliates. The Incentive Award Plan authorizes the grant of non-qualified and incentive stock options, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, dividend equivalents and other stock-based awards or cash-based awards.
Under the Company’s independent directors’ compensation plan, which is a sub-plan of the Incentive Award Plan, each of the Company’s independent directors received 3,333 shares of restricted common stock once the Company raised $2,000,000 in gross offering proceeds in the Public Offering. Each subsequent independent director that joins the Company’s board of directors receives 3,333 shares of restricted common stock upon election to the Company’s board of directors. In addition, on the date following an independent director’s re-election to the Company’s board of directors, he or she receives 1,666 shares of restricted common stock. One-fourth of the shares of restricted common stock generally vest and become non-forfeitable upon issuance and the remaining portion will vest in three equal annual installments beginning on the date of grant and ending on the third anniversary of the date of grant; provided, however, that the restricted stock will become fully vested and become non-

27


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

forfeitable on the earlier to occur of (1) the termination of the independent director’s service as a director due to his or her death or disability or (2) a change in control of the Company. These awards entitle the holders to participate in distributions.
The Company recorded stock-based compensation expense of $13,839 and $27,678 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and $13,887 and $33,756 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, related to the independent directors’ restricted common stock.
In addition to the stock awards, the Company pays each of its independent directors an annual retainer of $55,000, prorated for any partial term (the audit committee chairperson receives an additional $10,000 annual retainer, prorated for any partial term). In addition, the independent directors are paid for attending meetings as follows: (i) $2,500 for each board meeting attended in person, (ii) $1,500 for each committee meeting attended in person in such director’s capacity as a committee member, (iii) $1,000 for each board meeting attended via teleconference (not to exceed $4,000 for any one set of meetings attended on any given day). All directors also receive reimbursement of reasonable out of pocket expenses incurred in connection with attendance at meetings of the board of directors. Director compensation is an operating expense of the Company that is subject to the operating expense reimbursement obligation of the Advisor discussed in Note 7 (Related Party Arrangements). The Company recorded an operating expense of $61,750 and $117,500 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, and $58,750 and $120,500 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, related to the independent directors’ annual retainer and attending board meetings, which is included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, $61,750 and $55,750, respectively, related to the independent directors’ annual retainer and board meetings attendance is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.
9.          Commitments and Contingencies
Economic Dependency 
The Company is dependent on the Advisor for certain services that are essential to the Company, including the identification, evaluation, negotiation, purchase and disposition of real estate and real estate-related investments; management of the daily operations of the Company’s real estate and real estate-related investment portfolio; and other general and administrative responsibilities. In the event that the Advisor is unable to provide such services, the Company will be required to obtain such services from other sources. The Company may not be able to retain services from such other sources on favorable terms or at all.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The geographic concentration of the Company’s portfolio makes it particularly susceptible to adverse economic developments in the Atlanta, Georgia, Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas and Nashville, Tennessee apartment markets. Any adverse economic or real estate developments in these markets, such as business layoffs or downsizing, relocations of businesses, increased competition from other apartment communities, decrease in demand for apartments or any other changes, could adversely affect the Company’s operating results and its ability to make distributions to stockholders.
Environmental
As an owner of real estate, the Company is subject to various environmental laws of federal, state and local governments. The Company is not aware of any environmental liability that could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition or results of operations. However, changes in applicable environmental laws and regulations, the uses and conditions of properties in the vicinity of the Company’s properties, the activities of its tenants and other environmental conditions of which the Company is unaware with respect to the properties could result in future environmental liabilities.
Legal Matters
From time to time, the Company is subject, or party, to legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of its business. Management is not aware of any legal proceedings of which the outcome is reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect

28


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

on the Company’s results of operations or financial condition nor is the Company aware of any such legal proceedings contemplated by government agencies.
10.          Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company uses interest rate derivatives with the objective of managing exposure to interest rate movements thereby minimizing the effect of interest rate changes and the effect they could have on future cash flows. Interest rate cap agreements are used to accomplish this objective. The following table provides the terms of the Company’s interest rate derivative instruments that were in effect at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017:
June 30, 2018
Type
 
Maturity Date Range
 
Based on
 
Number of Instruments
 
Notional Amount
 
Variable Rate
 
Weighted Average Rate Cap
 
Fair Value
Interest Rate Cap
 
7/1/2018 - 1/1/2021
 
One-Month LIBOR
 
28
 
$
878,428,100

 
2.09%
 
3.27%
 
$
926,303

December 31, 2017
Type
 
Maturity Date Range
 
Based on
 
Number of Instruments
 
Notional Amount
 
Variable Rate
 
Weighted Average Rate Cap
 
Fair Value
Interest Rate Cap
 
6/1/2018 - 1/1/2021
 
One-Month LIBOR
 
29
 
$
888,368,100

 
1.56%
 
3.17%
 
$
347,409

The interest rate cap agreements are not designated as effective cash flow hedges. Accordingly, the Company records any changes in the fair value of the interest rate cap agreements as interest expense. The change in the fair value of the interest rate cap agreements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, resulted in an unrealized gain of $131,281 and $578,894 and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, resulted in an unrealized loss of $140,652 and $395,654, respectively, which is included in interest expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. No interest rate cap agreements were acquired during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017. The fair value of the interest rate cap agreements of $926,303 and $347,409 as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, is included in other assets on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
11.          Subsequent Events
Distributions Paid
On July 2, 2018, the Company paid distributions of $3,792,428, which related to distributions declared for each day in the period from June 1, 2018 through June 30, 2018 and consisted of cash distributions paid in the amount of $1,922,060 and $1,870,368 in shares issued pursuant to the DRP.
On August 1, 2018, the Company paid distributions of $3,927,609, which related to distributions declared for each day in the period from July 1, 2018 through July 31, 2018 and consisted of cash distributions paid in the amount of $1,999,429 and $1,928,180 in shares issued pursuant to the DRP.
Shares Repurchased
On July 31, 2018, the Company repurchased 142,393 shares of its common stock for a total repurchase value of $2,000,000, or $14.05 per share, pursuant to the Company’s share repurchase program.



29


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
 
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2018
(unaudited)

Distributions Declared
On August 7, 2018, the Company’s board of directors approved and authorized a daily distribution to stockholders of record as of the close of business on each day of the period commencing on October 1, 2018 and ending on December 31, 2018. The distributions will be equal to $0.002466 per share of the Company’s common stock. The distributions for each record date in October 2018, November 2018 and December 2018 will be paid in November 2018, December 2018 and January 2019, respectively. The distributions will be payable to stockholders from legally available funds therefor.
Refinancings
The Credit Facility
On July 31, 2018, (the “Closing Date”), 16 indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company terminated the existing mortgage loans with their lenders for an aggregate principal amount of $479,318,649 and entered into a Master Credit Facility Agreement (“MCFA”) with Berkeley Point Capital LLC (“Facility Lender”) for an aggregate principal amount of $551,669,000. The MFCA provides for three tranches: (i) a fixed rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $331,001,400 that accrues interest at 4.43% per annum; (ii) a fixed rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $131,917,250 that accrues interest at 4.57%; and (iii) a variable rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $82,750,350 that accrues interest at the one-month LIBOR plus 1.70%. The loans have a maturity date of August 1, 2028, unless the maturity date is accelerated in accordance with the terms of the loan documents. Interest only payments are payable monthly through August 1, 2025, with interest and principal payments due monthly thereafter. The Company paid $1,930,842 in the aggregate in loan origination fees to the Facility Lender in connection with the refinancings, and the Advisor earned a loan coordination fee of $2,758,345.
The CME Refinancing

On the Closing Date, five indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company terminated the existing mortgage loans with their lenders for an aggregate principal amount of $131,318,742 and entered into new loan agreements with PNC Bank for an aggregate principal amount of $160,850,000. Each loan agreement provides for a term loan (each a “CME Loan” and, collectively the “CME Loans”) with a maturity date of August 1, 2028, unless the maturity date is accelerated with the loan terms. Each CME Loan accrues interest at a fixed rate of 4.43% per annum (the “Interest Rate”). The entire outstanding principal balance and any accrued and unpaid interest on each of the CME Loans are due on the maturity date. Interest only payments on the CME Loans are payable monthly in arrears on specified dates as set forth in each loan agreement and interest and principal payments are due beginning September 1, 2023. Monthly payments are due and payable on the first day of each month, commencing September 1, 2018. The Company paid $643,400 in the aggregate in loan origination fees to PNC Bank in connection with the refinancings, and the Advisor earned a loan coordination fee of $804,250.
Restricted Stock Grant
On August 8, 2018, the Company granted 1,666 shares of restricted common stock to each of its three independent directors upon their re-election to the Company’s board of directors at the 2018 annual meeting of stockholders.

   


30


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)


Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Steadfast Apartment REIT, Inc. and the notes thereto. As used herein, the terms “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Steadfast Apartment REIT, Inc., a Maryland corporation, and, as required by context, Steadfast Apartment REIT Operating Partnership, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, which we refer to as our “operating partnership,” and to their subsidiaries.
Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not historical facts (including any statements concerning investment objectives, other plans and objectives of management for future operations or economic performance, or assumptions or forecasts related thereto) are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. These statements are only predictions. We caution that forward-looking statements are not guarantees. Actual events or our investments and results of operations could differ materially from those expressed or implied in any forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by the use of terms such as “may,” “should,” “expect,” “could,” “intend,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “continue,” “predict,” “potential” or the negative of such terms and other comparable terminology.
The forward-looking statements included herein are based upon our current expectations, plans, estimates, assumptions and beliefs that involve numerous risks and uncertainties. Assumptions relating to the foregoing involve judgments with respect to, among other things, future economic, competitive and market conditions and future business decisions, all of which are difficult or impossible to predict accurately and many of which are beyond our control. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, our actual results and performance could differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could have a material adverse effect on our operations and future prospects include, but are not limited to:
the fact that we have a limited operating history and commenced operations on May 22, 2014;
the fact that we have had a net loss for each quarterly and annual period since inception; 
changes in economic conditions generally and the real estate and debt markets specifically; 
our ability to secure resident leases for our multifamily properties at favorable rental rates; 
risks inherent in the real estate business, including resident defaults, potential liability relating to environmental matters and the lack of liquidity of real estate investments; 
the fact that we pay fees and expenses to our advisor and its affiliates that were not negotiated on an arm’s length basis and the fact that the payment of these fees and expenses increases the risk that our stockholders will not earn a profit on their investment in us; 
our ability to retain our executive officers and other key personnel of our advisor, our property manager and other affiliates of our advisor; 
our ability to generate sufficient cash flows to pay distributions for our stockholders;
legislative or regulatory changes (including changes to the laws governing the taxation of real estate investment trusts, or REITs); 
the availability of capital; 
changes in interest rates; and 
changes to generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP.
Any of the assumptions underlying forward-looking statements could be inaccurate. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included in this quarterly report. All forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this quarterly report and the risk that actual results will differ materially from the expectations expressed in this quarterly report will increase with the passage of time. Except as otherwise required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date of this quarterly report, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or any other reason. In light of the significant

31


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)


uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included in this quarterly report, the inclusion of such forward-looking statements should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the objectives and plans set forth in this quarterly report will be achieved.
All forward looking statements included herein should be read in light of the factors identified in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, on March 16, 2018.
Overview
We were formed on August 22, 2013, as a Maryland corporation that elected to be taxed as, and currently qualifies as, a REIT. As described in more detail below, we own and manage a diverse portfolio of real estate investments, primarily in the multifamily sector, located in the United States.
On December 30, 2013, we commenced our initial public offering of up to 66,666,667 shares of common stock at an initial price of $15.00 per share and up to 7,017,544 shares of common stock pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan at an initial price of $14.25 per share. On March 24, 2016, we terminated our initial public offering. As of March 24, 2016, we had sold 48,625,651 shares of common stock for gross offering proceeds of $724,849,631, including 1,011,561 shares of common stock issued pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan for gross offering proceeds of $14,414,752. Following the termination of our initial public offering, we have continued to offer shares of our common stock pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan. As of June 30, 2018, we had sold 52,180,957 shares of common stock for gross proceeds of $777,095,941, including 4,566,930 shares of common stock issued pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan for gross offering proceeds of $66,661,062.
On March 24, 2016, our board of directors determined an estimated value per share of our common stock of $14.46 as of December 31, 2015. On February 14, 2017, our board of directors determined an estimated value per share of our common stock of $14.85 as of December 31, 2016. On March 14, 2018, our board of directors determined an estimated value per share of our common stock of $15.18 as of December 31, 2017. In connection with the determination of an estimated value per share, our board of directors determined a price per share for the dividend reinvestment plan of $14.46, $14.85 and $15.18, effective May 1, 2016, March 1, 2017 and April 1, 2018, respectively. In the future, our board of directors may, in its sole discretion and from time to time, change the price at which we offer shares pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan to reflect changes in our estimated value per share and other factors that our board of directors deems relevant.
Subject to certain restrictions and limitations, Steadfast Apartment Advisor, LLC, which we refer to as our “advisor,” manages our day-to-day operations and our portfolio of properties and real estate-related assets. Our advisor sources and presents investment opportunities to our board of directors. Our advisor also provides investment management, marketing, investor relations and other administrative services on our behalf.
Substantially all of our business is conducted through Steadfast Apartment REIT Operating Partnership, L.P., our operating partnership. We are the sole general partner of our operating partnership and one of our wholly-owned subsidiaries is the only limited partner of our operating partnership. As we accepted subscriptions for shares of common stock, we transferred substantially all of the net proceeds of the initial public offering to our operating partnership as a capital contribution. The limited partnership agreement of our operating partnership provides that our operating partnership will be operated in a manner that will enable us to (1) satisfy the requirements for being classified as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, (2) avoid any federal income or excise tax liability and (3) ensure that our operating partnership will not be classified as a “publicly traded partnership” for purposes of Section 7704 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Internal Revenue Code, which classification could result in our operating partnership being taxed as a corporation, rather than as a disregarded entity. In addition to the administrative and operating costs and expenses incurred by our operating partnership in acquiring and operating our investments, our operating partnership will pay all of our administrative costs and expenses, and such expenses will be treated as expenses of our operating partnership.
We elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2014. As a REIT, we generally will not be subject to federal income tax to the extent that we distribute qualifying dividends to our stockholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we would be subject to federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate rates and would not be permitted to qualify for treatment as a REIT for federal income tax purposes for four years following the year in which qualification is lost, unless the Internal Revenue Service grants us relief under certain statutory provisions. Failing to qualify as a REIT could materially and adversely affect our net income and results of operations.


32


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)


Market Outlook
The economy in the United States has improved since the last recession; however, there is no assurance that economic conditions will continue to improve or will not worsen in the future. We believe economic and demographic trends will benefit our existing portfolio and that we have unique future investment opportunities, particularly in the multifamily sector. Home ownership rates are near all-time lows. Demographic and economic factors favor the flexibility of rental housing and discourage the potential financial burden associated with home ownership. Additionally, Millennials and Baby Boomers, the two largest demographic groups comprising roughly half of the total population in the United States, are increasingly choosing rental housing over home ownership. Demographic studies suggest that Baby Boomers are downsizing their suburban homes and relocating to multifamily apartments. Millennials are renting multifamily apartments due to high levels of student debt and increased credit standards in order to qualify for a home mortgage. According to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, aggregate student debt has surpassed automotive, home equity lines of credit and credit card debt. Millennials are also getting married and having children later and are choosing to live in apartment communities until their mid-30s. Today, 30% of Millennials are still living with their parents or are still in school. When they get a job, Millennials will likely rent moderate income apartments based upon an average income of $45,000 to $65,000. Our plan is to provide rental housing for these generational groups as they age. We believe these factors will continue to contribute to the demand for multifamily housing.
Our Real Estate Portfolio
As of June 30, 2018, we owned the 34 multifamily apartment communities listed below:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average Monthly Occupancy(1)
 
Average Monthly Rent(2)
 
 
Property Name
 
Location
 
Purchase Date
 
Number of Units
 
Contract Purchase Price
 
Mortgage Debt Outstanding(3)
 
Jun 30, 2018
 
Dec 31, 2017
 
Jun 30, 2018
 
Dec 31, 2017
1
 
Villages at Spring Hill Apartments
 
Spring Hill, TN
 
5/22/2014
 
176

 
$
14,200,000

 
$
9,890,573

 
92.0
%
 
93.8
%
 
$
1,024

 
$
1,076

2
 
Harrison Place Apartments
 
Indianapolis, IN
 
6/30/2014
 
307

 
27,864,250

 
19,442,241

 
95.1
%
 
93.5
%
 
959

 
942

3
 
Club at Summer Valley
 
Austin, TX
 
8/28/2014
 
260

 
21,500,000

 
14,980,413

 
93.5
%
 
94.6
%
 
883

 
926

4
 
Terrace Cove Apartment Homes
 
Austin, TX
 
8/28/2014
 
304

 
23,500,000

 
16,373,939

 
90.8
%
 
91.4
%
 
916

 
880

5
 
The Residences on McGinnis Ferry
 
Suwanee, GA
 
10/16/2014
 
696

 
98,500,000

 
73,426,253

 
95.3
%
 
88.6
%
 
1,265

 
1,272

6
 
The 1800 at Barrett Lakes
 
Kennesaw, GA
 
11/20/2014
 
500

 
49,000,000

 
34,203,543

 
92.0
%
 
91.4
%
 
1,019

 
973

7
 
The Oasis
 
Colorado Springs, CO
 
12/19/2014
 
252

 
40,000,000

 
27,892,770

 
94.8
%
 
92.9
%
 
1,336

 
1,344

8
 
Columns on Wetherington
 
Florence, KY
 
2/26/2015
 
192

 
25,000,000

 
17,413,001

 
96.9
%
 
91.7
%
 
1,107

 
1,061

9
 
Preston Hills at Mill Creek
 
Buford, GA
 
3/10/2015
 
464

 
51,000,000

 
35,578,600

 
93.1
%
 
92.5
%
 
1,130

 
1,136

10
 
Eagle Lake Landing Apartments
 
Speedway, IN
 
3/27/2015
 
277

 
19,200,000

 
13,332,450

 
94.9
%
 
93.5
%
 
873

 
837

11
 
Reveal on Cumberland
 
Fishers, IN
 
3/30/2015
 
220

 
29,500,000

 
21,580,564

 
97.3
%
 
93.2
%
 
1,111

 
1,072

12
 
Randall Highlands Apartments
 
North Aurora, IL
 
3/31/2015
 
146

 
32,115,000

 
22,302,046

 
97.3
%
 
90.4
%
 
1,821

 
1,747

13
 
Heritage Place Apartments
 
Franklin, TN
 
4/27/2015
 
105

 
9,650,000

 
7,024,017

 
96.2
%
 
96.2
%
 
1,126

 
1,052

14
 
Rosemont at East Cobb
 
Marietta, GA
 
5/21/2015
 
180

 
16,450,000

 
11,412,830

 
96.7
%
 
90.6
%
 
981

 
966

15
 
Ridge Crossings Apartments
 
Hoover, AL
 
5/28/2015
 
720

 
72,000,000

 
50,238,191

 
95.1
%
 
93.5
%
 
952

 
946

16
 
Bella Terra at City Center
 
Aurora, CO
 
6/11/2015
 
304

 
37,600,000

 
26,188,628

 
94.7
%
 
94.4
%
 
1,150

 
1,120


33


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average Monthly Occupancy(1)
 
Average Monthly Rent(2)
 
 
Property Name
 
Location
 
Purchase Date
 
Number of Units
 
Contract Purchase Price
 
Mortgage Debt Outstanding(3)
 
Jun 30, 2018
 
Dec 31, 2017
 
Jun 30, 2018
 
Dec 31, 2017
17
 
Hearthstone at City Center
 
Aurora, CO
 
6/25/2015
 
360

 
$
53,400,000

 
$
37,219,442

 
93.6
%
 
94.2
%
 
$
1,211

 
$
1,178

18
 
Arbors at Brookfield
 
Mauldin, SC
 
6/30/2015
 
702

 
66,800,000

 
45,150,628

 
93.0
%
 
92.7
%
 
898

 
881

19
 
Carrington Park
 
Kansas City, MO
 
8/19/2015
 
298

 
39,480,000

 
29,500,676

 
92.6
%
 
94.6
%
 
1,004

 
1,049

20
 
Delano at North Richland Hills
 
North Richland Hills, TX
 
8/26/2015
 
263

 
38,500,000

 
29,769,905

 
95.8
%
 
94.7
%
 
1,405

 
1,391

21
 
Meadows at North Richland Hills
 
North Richland Hills, TX
 
8/26/2015
 
252

 
32,600,000

 
25,418,956

 
96.4
%
 
95.6
%
 
1,305

 
1,290

22
 
Kensington by the Vineyard
 
Euless, TX
 
8/26/2015
 
259

 
46,200,000

 
34,075,348

 
94.6
%
 
93.1
%
 
1,529

 
1,515

23
 
Monticello by the Vineyard
 
Euless, TX
 
9/23/2015
 
354

 
52,200,000

 
41,123,131

 
96.9
%
 
96.6
%
 
1,329

 
1,331

24
 
The Shores
 
Oklahoma City, OK
 
9/29/2015
 
300

 
36,250,000

 
24,085,572

 
91.7
%
 
90.7
%
 
989

 
972

25
 
Lakeside at Coppell
 
Coppell, TX
 
10/7/2015
 
315

 
60,500,000

 
45,203,329

 
97.8
%
 
92.1
%
 
1,710

 
1,652

26
 
Meadows at River Run
 
Bolingbrook, IL
 
10/30/2015
 
374

 
58,500,000