10-Q 1 q12019aramark10-q.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
___________________________________________

For the quarterly period ended December 28, 2018 Commission File Number: 001-36223

image0a08.jpg
Aramark
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
20-8236097
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
2400 Market Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
19103
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
(215) 238-3000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
___________________________________________

Aramark Tower
1101 Market Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
___________________________________________

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
x  
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
Smaller reporting company
o
Emerging growth company
o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   ¨  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x
As of January 25, 2019, the number of shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding is 246,296,999.



    
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



Special Note About Forward-Looking Statements
This report includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect our current views as to future events and financial performance with respect to, without limitation, conditions in our industry, our operations, our economic performance and financial condition, including, in particular, with respect to, without limitation, the benefits and costs of our acquisitions of each of Avendra, LLC ("Avendra") and AmeriPride Services, Inc. ("AmeriPride") and related financings, as well as statements regarding these companies' services and products and statements relating to our business and growth strategy. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They use words such as "outlook," "aim," "anticipate," "are or remain confident," "have confidence," "estimate," "expect," "will be," "will continue," "will likely result," "project," "intend," "plan," "believe," "see," "look to" and other words and terms of similar meaning or the negative versions of such words.
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made. All statements we make relating to our estimated and projected earnings, costs, expenditures, cash flows, growth rates, financial results and our estimated benefits and costs of our acquisitions are forward-looking statements. In addition, we, through our senior management, from time to time make forward-looking public statements concerning our expected future operations and performance and other developments. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may change at any time, and, therefore, our actual results may differ materially from those that we expected. We derive many of our forward-looking statements from our operating budgets and forecasts, which are based upon many detailed assumptions. While we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, we caution that it is very difficult to predict the impact of known factors, and, of course, it is impossible for us to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us, or persons acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements. Some of the factors that we believe could affect our results or the costs and benefits of the acquisitions include without limitation: unfavorable economic conditions; natural disasters, global calamities, sports strikes and other adverse incidents; the failure to retain current clients, renew existing client contracts and obtain new client contracts; a determination by clients to reduce their outsourcing or use of preferred vendors; competition in our industries; increased operating costs and obstacles to cost recovery due to the pricing and cancellation terms of our food and support services contracts; the inability to achieve cost savings through our cost reduction efforts; our expansion strategy; the failure to maintain food safety throughout our supply chain, food-borne illness concerns and claims of illness or injury; governmental regulations including those relating to food and beverages, the environment, wage and hour and government contracting; liability associated with noncompliance with applicable law or other governmental regulations; new interpretations of or changes in the enforcement of the government regulatory framework; currency risks and other risks associated with international operations, including Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, U.K. Bribery Act and other anti-corruption law compliance; continued or further unionization of our workforce; liability resulting from our participation in multiemployer defined benefit pension plans; risks associated with suppliers from whom our products are sourced; disruptions to our relationship with, or to the business of, our primary distributor; the inability to hire and retain sufficient qualified personnel or increases in labor costs; healthcare reform legislation; the contract intensive nature of our business, which may lead to client disputes; seasonality; disruptions in the availability of our computer systems or privacy breaches; failure to achieve and maintain effective internal controls; our leverage; the inability to generate sufficient cash to service all of our indebtedness; debt agreements that limit our flexibility in operating our business; our ability to successfully integrate the businesses of Avendra and AmeriPride and costs and timing related thereto, the risk of unanticipated restructuring costs or assumption of undisclosed liabilities, the risk that we are unable to achieve the anticipated benefits (including tax benefits) and synergies of the acquisition of AmeriPride and Avendra including whether the transactions will be accretive and within the expected timeframes, the availability of sufficient cash to repay certain indebtedness and our decision to utilize the cash for that purpose, the disruption of the transactions to each of Avendra and AmeriPride and their respective managements; the effect of the transactions on each of Avendra's and AmeriPride's ability to retain and hire key personnel and maintain relationships with customers, suppliers and other third parties, our ability to attract new or maintain existing customer and supplier relationships at reasonable cost, our ability to retain key personnel and other factors set forth under the headings Item 1A "Risk Factors," Item 3 "Legal Proceedings" and Item 7 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and other sections of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on November 21, 2018 as such factors may be updated from time to time in our other periodic filings with the SEC, which are accessible on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov and which may be obtained by contacting Aramark's investor relations department via its website www.aramark.com. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this report and in our other filings with the SEC. As a result of these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included herein or that may be made elsewhere from time to time by, or on behalf of, us. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments, changes in our expectations, or otherwise, except as required by law.



PART I
Item 1.    Financial Statements
ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except share amounts)
 
December 28, 2018
 
September 28, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
249,881

 
$
215,025

Receivables (less allowances: 2019 - $51,399; 2018 - $52,682)
1,880,299

 
1,790,433

Inventories
371,111

 
724,802

Prepayments and other current assets
148,697

 
171,165

Total current assets
2,649,988

 
2,901,425

Property and Equipment, net
2,153,154

 
1,378,094

Goodwill
5,508,603

 
5,610,568

Other Intangible Assets
2,096,893

 
2,136,844

Other Assets
1,330,304

 
1,693,171

 
$
13,738,942

 
$
13,720,102

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term borrowings
$
53,441

 
$
30,907

Accounts payable
866,162

 
1,018,920

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
1,277,672

 
1,440,332

Total current liabilities
2,197,275

 
2,490,159

Long-Term Borrowings
7,323,706

 
7,213,077

Deferred Income Taxes and Other Noncurrent Liabilities
990,021

 
977,215

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
10,047

 
10,093

Stockholders' Equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, par value $.01 (authorized: 600,000,000 shares; issued: 2019—280,666,074 shares and 2018—279,314,297 shares; and outstanding: 2019—245,883,193 shares and 2018—246,744,438 shares)
2,807

 
2,793

Capital surplus
3,154,479

 
3,132,421

Retained earnings
990,439

 
710,519

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(132,996
)
 
(91,223
)
Treasury stock (shares held in treasury: 2019—34,782,881 shares and 2018—32,569,859 shares)
(796,836
)
 
(724,952
)
Total stockholders' equity
3,217,893

 
3,029,558

 
$
13,738,942

 
$
13,720,102


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
Revenue
$
4,265,349

 
$
3,965,118

Costs and Expenses:
 
 
 
Cost of services provided
3,794,445

 
3,522,230

Depreciation and amortization
150,721

 
133,849

Selling and general corporate expenses
104,130

 
92,168

Gain on sale of Healthcare Technologies
(157,309
)
 

 
3,891,987

 
3,748,247

Operating income
373,362

 
216,871

Interest and Other Financing Costs, net
82,978

 
74,133

Income Before Income Taxes
290,384

 
142,738

(Benefit) Provision for Income Taxes
39,708

 
(149,702
)
Net income
250,676

 
292,440

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
(6
)
 
156

Net income attributable to Aramark stockholders
$
250,682

 
$
292,284

 
 
 
 
Earnings per share attributable to Aramark stockholders:
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.02

 
$
1.19

Diluted
$
0.99

 
$
1.16

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
246,887

 
245,086

Diluted
253,656

 
252,244


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
Net income
$
250,676

 
$
292,440

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 
 
Pension plan adjustments
753

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(18,007
)
 
6,384

Fair value of cash flow hedges
(24,239
)
 
5,205

         Share of equity investee's comprehensive income (loss)
(280
)
 
15

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
(41,773
)
 
11,604

Comprehensive income
208,903

 
304,044

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
(6
)
 
156

Comprehensive income attributable to Aramark stockholders
$
208,909

 
$
303,888


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


3


ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
250,676

 
$
292,440

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
150,721

 
133,849

Deferred income taxes
(5,764
)
 
(178,231
)
Share-based compensation expense
18,562

 
16,489

         Net gain on sale of Healthcare Technologies
(140,165
)
 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts Receivable
(145,634
)
 
(121,828
)
Inventories
(7,858
)
 
(2,360
)
Prepayments and Other Current Assets
(47
)
 
4,321

Accounts Payable
(132,285
)
 
(127,343
)
Accrued Expenses
(150,229
)
 
(343,683
)
Other operating activities
(45,391
)
 
14,897

Net cash used in operating activities
(207,414
)
 
(311,449
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment and other
(114,400
)
 
(118,907
)
Disposals of property and equipment
954

 
1,160

Proceeds from divestiture
293,711

 

Acquisition of certain businesses, net of cash acquired
(5,257
)
 
(1,321,688
)
Other investing activities
19,143

 
(3,351
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
194,151

 
(1,442,786
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
72,723

 
2,279,287

Payments of long-term borrowings
(314,031
)
 
(647,622
)
Net change in funding under the Receivables Facility
390,000

 
136,050

Payments of dividends
(27,161
)
 
(25,779
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
1,077

 
4,929

Repurchase of stock
(50,000
)
 
(24,410
)
Other financing activities
(24,489
)
 
(21,354
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
48,119

 
1,701,101

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
34,856

 
(53,134
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
215,025

 
238,797

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
249,881

 
$
185,663


 
 
Three Months Ended
(dollars in millions)
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
Interest paid
 
$
80.2

 
$
69.3

Income taxes paid
 
$
57.7

 
$
63.2


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
 
Common
Stock
 
Capital
Surplus
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Treasury Stock
Balance, September 28, 2018
$
3,029,558

 
$
2,793

 
$
3,132,421

 
$
710,519

 
$
(91,223
)
 
$
(724,952
)
Adoption of new accounting standard
58,395

 
 
 
 
 
58,395

 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Aramark stockholders
250,682

 
 
 
 
 
250,682

 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
(41,773
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(41,773
)
 
 
Capital contributions from issuance of common stock
3,510

 
14

 
3,496

 
 
 
 
 
 
Share-based compensation expense
18,562

 
 
 
18,562

 
 
 
 
 
 
Repurchases of Common Stock
(71,884
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(71,884
)
Payments of dividends
(29,157
)
 
 
 
 
 
(29,157
)
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 28, 2018
$
3,217,893

 
$
2,807

 
$
3,154,479

 
$
990,439

 
$
(132,996
)
 
$
(796,836
)

 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
 
Common
Stock
 
Capital
Surplus
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Treasury Stock
Balance, September 29, 2017
$
2,459,061

 
$
2,771

 
$
3,014,546

 
$
247,050

 
$
(123,760
)
 
$
(681,546
)
Net income attributable to Aramark stockholders
292,284

 
 
 
 
 
292,284

 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
11,604

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11,604

 
 
Capital contributions from issuance of common stock
8,499

 
11

 
8,488

 
 
 
 
 
 
Share-based compensation expense
16,489

 
 
 
16,489

 
 
 
 
 
 
Repurchases of Common Stock
(38,463
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(38,463
)
Payments of dividends
(27,080
)
 
 
 
 
 
(27,080
)
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 29, 2017
$
2,722,394

 
$
2,782

 
$
3,039,523

 
$
512,254

 
$
(112,156
)
 
$
(720,009
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


5

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)


NOTE 1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:
Aramark (the "Company") is a leading global provider of food, facilities and uniform services to education, healthcare, business & industry and sports, leisure & corrections clients. The Company's core market is the United States, which is supplemented by an additional 18-country footprint. The Company operates its business in three reportable segments that share many of the same operating characteristics: Food and Support Services United States ("FSS United States"), Food and Support Services International ("FSS International") and Uniform and Career Apparel ("Uniform").
The condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements, and the notes to those statements, included in the Company's Form 10-K filed with the SEC on November 21, 2018. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 28, 2018 was derived from audited financial statements which have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("U.S. GAAP"). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading. In the opinion of the Company, the statements include all adjustments, which are of a normal, recurring nature, required for a fair presentation for the periods presented. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results for a full year, due to the seasonality of some of the Company's business activities and the possibility of changes in general economic conditions.
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and all of its subsidiaries in which a controlling financial interest is maintained. All significant intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated.
New Accounting Standards Updates
Adopted Standards
In October 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued an accounting standards update ("ASU") which permits the use of the Secured Overnight Financing Rate Overnight Index Swap Rate as a U.S. benchmark interest rate for hedge accounting purposes. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 and early adoption was permitted. The Company adopted the guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, which did not have an impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements, as the Company's existing interest rate hedges use LIBOR as the benchmark interest rate. Use of the Secured Overnight Financing Rate Overnight Index Swap Rate as the benchmark interest rate may be contemplated in future hedging arrangements.
In February 2018, the FASB issued an ASU which provides clarification regarding guidance related to the financial instrument standard. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and early adoption was permitted. The Company adopted the guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, which did not have an impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.
In May 2017, the FASB issued an ASU to clarify the determination of the customer of the operation services in a service concession arrangement. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and early adoption was permitted. The Company adopted this standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, which did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.
In March 2017, the FASB issued an ASU to improve the presentation of net periodic pension cost and net periodic postretirement benefit cost. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and early adoption was permitted. The Company adopted the guidance during the first quarter of fiscal 2019, which did not result in an impact to net income. However, certain balances, including $2.2 million for the three month period ended December 29, 2017, were reclassified from "Cost of services provided" to "Interest and Other Financing Costs, net" on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. The Company applied the practical expedient allowing for the use of amounts disclosed in the pension footnote for prior comparative periods as an estimation basis for applying the retrospective presentation requirements.
In February 2017, the FASB issued an ASU to clarify the accounting guidance for partial sales of nonfinancial assets. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and early adoption was permitted. The Company adopted the guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, which did not have an impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued an ASU to clarify the definition of a business. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and early adoption was permitted. The Company adopted the guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, using the prospective method, which did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

In January 2016, the FASB issued an ASU to address certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments. Under this guidance, equity investments, other than those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee, are to be measured at fair value with the changes in fair value recognized in net income. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. The Company adopted the guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. Due to the lack of readily available fair values for the Company's equity investments, other than those accounted for under the equity method of accounting, the Company elected to apply the practical expedient to measure these investments at cost minus impairment plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for identical or similar investments of the same issuer. The guidance did not have an impact to the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued an ASU on revenue from contracts with customers which supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance. The standard outlines a single comprehensive model which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. Additionally, the standard requires disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. The Company adopted this guidance on September 29, 2018.
In connection with the new revenue recognition guidance, the Company completed a comprehensive contract review project and an evaluation of the standard's impact on the timing and presentation of various financial aspects of its contractual arrangements. The Company identified and implemented appropriate changes to business processes, controls and systems to support recognition and disclosure under the new standard. The adoption of the guidance did not have a material impact on the timing of revenue recognition or net income, but it did have an impact on the financial statement line item classification of certain items (see Note 7).
The Company adopted the new revenue recognition guidance using the modified retrospective transition method. This method allows the new standard to be applied retrospectively through a cumulative catch up adjustment recognized upon adoption. As such, comparative information in the Company’s financial statements has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The cumulative transition adjustment, net of tax, was an increase to retained earnings upon adoption (approximately $58.4 million) mainly to capitalize costs to obtain contracts related to employee commissions previously expensed. See Note 1 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements in its fiscal 2018 Form 10-K for further information on its significant accounting policies related to revenue recognition and see Note 7 for further information on the impact of adopting the new revenue recognition standard.
Standards Not Yet Adopted (from most to least recent date of issuance)
In August 2018, the FASB issued an ASU which adds, modifies and removes several disclosure requirements related to defined benefit pension plans. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2022 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pronouncement.
In August 2018, the FASB issued an ASU which adds, modifies and removes several disclosure requirements related to fair value measurements. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2021 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pronouncement.
In July 2018, the FASB issued two ASUs regarding the lease recognition standard. The guidance provides clarification on issues identified regarding the adoption of the standard, provides an additional transition method to adopt the standard and provides an additional practical expedient to lessors. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pronouncement.
In July 2018, the FASB issued an ASU which clarifies, corrects errors in or makes minor improvements to the Codification. The guidance is effective for the Company either upon issuance or in the first quarter of fiscal 2020, depending on the amendment. There was no impact on the consolidated financial statements related to the amendments that were effective upon issuance of the guidance and the Company is currently evaluating the impact of the remaining amendments of the pronouncement.
In February 2018, the FASB issued an ASU which allows for the reclassification of stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pronouncement.
In September 2017, the FASB issued an ASU to provide additional implementation guidance with respect to the revenue recognition standard (see above) and the leases recognition standard (see below). The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 with respect to the revenue recognition standard and in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 with respect to the lease recognition standard. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted the revenue related portions of this standard in conjunction with the revenue recognition standard during the first quarter of fiscal 2019, as described above. The lease related portions of this standard will be adopted in a future period in conjunction with the lease recognition standard.

7

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

In June 2016, the FASB issued an ASU to require entities to account for expected credit losses on financial instruments including trade receivables. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2021 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pronouncement.
In February 2016, the FASB issued an ASU requiring lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets as lease liabilities with corresponding right-of-use assets and to disclose key information about lease arrangements. The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 and early adoption is permitted. The Company continues to review its lease arrangements in order to determine the impact the adoption of this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. Based on the assessment to date, the Company expects adoption of this standard to result in a material increase in lease-related assets and liabilities in its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, but does not expect it to have a significant impact in its Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income or Cash Flows. The Company has not selected the method of adoption and continues to assess the disclosure requirements, business processes, controls and systems.
Comprehensive Income
Comprehensive income includes all changes to stockholders' equity during a period, except those resulting from investments by and distributions to stockholders. Components of comprehensive income include net income (loss), changes in foreign currency translation adjustments (net of tax), pension plan adjustments (net of tax), changes in the fair value of cash flow hedges (net of tax) and changes to the share of any equity investees' comprehensive income or loss (net of tax).
The summary of the components of comprehensive income is as follows (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
 
Pre-Tax Amount
Tax Effect
After-Tax Amount
 
Pre-Tax Amount
Tax Effect
After-Tax Amount
Net income
 
 
$
250,676

 
 
 
$
292,440

Pension plan adjustments
753


753

 



Foreign currency translation adjustments
(17,876
)
(131
)
(18,007
)
 
6,384


6,384

Fair value of cash flow hedges
(32,702
)
8,463

(24,239
)
 
7,341

(2,136
)
5,205

Share of equity investee's comprehensive income (loss)
(280
)

(280
)
 
15


15

Other comprehensive income (loss)
(50,105
)
8,332

(41,773
)
 
13,740

(2,136
)
11,604

Comprehensive income
 
 
208,903

 
 
 
304,044

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
 
(6
)
 
 
 
156

Comprehensive income attributable to Aramark stockholders
 
 
$
208,909

 
 
 
$
303,888

Accumulated other comprehensive loss consists of the following (in thousands):
 
December 28, 2018
 
September 28, 2018
Pension plan adjustments
$
(23,875
)
 
$
(24,628
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(111,818
)
 
(93,811
)
Cash flow hedges
11,953

 
36,192

Share of equity investee's accumulated other comprehensive loss
(9,256
)
 
(8,976
)
 
$
(132,996
)
 
$
(91,223
)
Currency Translation
During fiscal 2018, Argentina was determined to have a highly inflationary economy. As a result, the Company remeasured the financial statements of Argentina's operations in accordance with the accounting guidance for highly inflationary economies. During the first quarter of fiscal 2019, the impact of the foreign currency transaction was immaterial to the condensed consolidated financial statements. 
Other Assets
Other assets consist primarily of costs to obtain or fulfill contracts, long-term prepaid rent, investments in 50% or less owned entities, computer software costs, long-term receivables and personalized work apparel, linens and other rental items in service.

8

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

NOTE 2. ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES:
Divestiture
On November 9, 2018, the Company completed the sale of its wholly-owned Healthcare Technologies ("HCT") business for $293.7 million in cash. The transaction resulted in a pretax gain of $157.3 million (tax effected gain of $140.2 million) in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. The results of operations and cash flows associated with the HCT business during the first quarter of fiscal 2019 were not material to the Company’s condensed consolidated operations and cash flows.
AmeriPride Services, Inc. ("AmeriPride") Acquisition
On January 19, 2018, the Company completed the acquisition of AmeriPride, a uniform and linen rental and supply company in the U.S. and Canada, pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Merger ("AmeriPride Merger Agreement") dated as of October 13, 2017, by and among the Company, AmeriPride, Timberwolf Acquisition Corporation, and Bruce M. Steiner, in his capacity as Stockholder Representative. Upon completion of the acquisition, AmeriPride became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company and its results will be included in the Company's Uniform segment. The total consideration paid for AmeriPride was $995.4 million, partially offset by $84.9 million of cash acquired. In order to finance the AmeriPride acquisition, the Company entered into a long-term financing agreement.
Consideration
The Company has accounted for the AmeriPride acquisition as a business combination under the acquisition method of accounting. The Company has finalized its allocation of the purchase price for the transaction based upon the fair value of net assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition. For tax purposes, this acquisition is a taxable transaction.
Recognition and Measurement of Assets Acquired and Liabilities Assumed at Fair Value
The following tables summarize the fair values of the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date (in thousands):
Current assets
$
237,807

Noncurrent assets
963,078

  Total assets
$
1,200,885

 
 
Current liabilities
$
137,867

Noncurrent liabilities
67,590

  Total liabilities
$
205,457

Intangible Assets
The following table identifies the Company’s allocations of purchase price to the intangible assets acquired by category:
 
 
Estimated Fair
Value
(in millions)
 
Weighted-
Average
Estimated
Useful Life
(in years)
Customer relationship assets
 
$
297.0

 
15
Trade names
 
 
24.0

 
3
to indefinite
   Total intangible assets
 
$
321.0

 
 

The fair value of the customer relationship assets was determined using the “multi-period excess earnings method” which considers the present value of net cash flows expected to be generated by the customer relationships, excluding any cash flows related to contributory assets. The fair value of the two trade names acquired was determined using the “relief-from-royalty method” which considers the discounted estimated royalty payments that are expected to be avoided as a result of the trademarks being owned.
Goodwill 
The Company recorded $365.2 million of goodwill in connection with its purchase price allocation relating to the AmeriPride acquisition, all of which was recognized in the Uniform reporting segment. Factors that contributed to the Company’s

9

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

recognition of goodwill include the Company’s intent to expand and complement its existing uniform business and to enhance its customer service experience, in addition to the anticipated synergies the Company expects to generate from the acquisition.
Revenue and Earnings for AmeriPride
The revenue for AmeriPride included in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended December 28, 2018 was $165.0 million, which includes the impact from the adoption of the new revenue recognition standard. Net income for AmeriPride during the three months ended December 28, 2018 was immaterial. The effects of the acquisition on pro forma revenue and net income of the combined entity were not material for the three months ended December 29, 2017.
NOTE 3. SEVERANCE:
During fiscal 2018, the Company commenced a new phase of strategic reinvestment and reorganization actions to streamline and improve efficiencies and effectiveness of its selling, general and administrative functions which resulted in a net severance charge of approximately $22.0 million for the three months ended December 28, 2018. As of December 28, 2018 and September 28, 2018, the Company had an accrual of approximately $31.0 million and $16.6 million, respectively, related to unpaid severance obligations. These obligations are expected to be paid through fiscal 2019.
NOTE 4. GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS:
Goodwill represents the excess of the fair value of consideration paid for an acquired entity over the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination. Goodwill is not amortized and is subject to an impairment test that the Company conducts annually or more frequently if a change in circumstances or the occurrence of events indicates that potential impairment exists, using discounted cash flows.
Changes in total goodwill during the three months ended December 28, 2018 is as follows (in thousands):
Segment
September 28, 2018
 
Acquisitions and Divestitures
 
Translation
 
December 28, 2018
FSS United States
$
4,028,454

 
$
(86,981
)
 
$

 
$
3,941,473

FSS International
626,379

 

 
(16,282
)
 
610,097

Uniform
955,735

 
1,941

 
(643
)
 
957,033

 
$
5,610,568

 
$
(85,040
)
 
$
(16,925
)
 
$
5,508,603

Other intangible assets consist of the following (in thousands):
 
December 28, 2018
 
September 28, 2018
 
Gross
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Amount
 
Gross
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Amount
Customer relationship assets
$
2,201,474

 
$
(1,149,683
)
 
$
1,051,791

 
$
2,244,215

 
$
(1,156,811
)
 
$
1,087,404

Trade names
1,046,987

 
(1,885
)
 
1,045,102

 
1,050,825

 
(1,385
)
 
1,049,440

 
$
3,248,461

 
$
(1,151,568
)
 
$
2,096,893

 
$
3,295,040

 
$
(1,158,196
)
 
$
2,136,844

Amortization of intangible assets for the three months ended December 28, 2018 and December 29, 2017 was approximately $30.4 million and $23.3 million, respectively.

10

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

NOTE 5. BORROWINGS:
Long-term borrowings, net, are summarized in the following table (in thousands):
 
 
December 28, 2018
 
September 28, 2018
Senior secured revolving credit facility, due October 2023
 
$
47,973

 
$
77,000

Senior secured term loan facility, due October 2023
 
520,568

 
538,674

Senior secured term loan facility, due March 2024
 
1,126,220

 
1,325,923

Senior secured term loan facility, due March 2025
 
1,657,192

 
1,656,919

5.125% senior notes, due January 2024
 
902,769

 
902,908

5.000% senior notes, due April 2025
 
591,179

 
590,884

3.125% senior notes, due April 2025(1)
 
368,195

 
373,240

4.750% senior notes, due June 2026
 
494,241

 
494,082

5.000% senior notes, due February 2028
 
1,136,754

 
1,136,472

Receivables Facility, due May 2021
 
390,000

 

Capital leases
 
137,978

 
143,388

Other
 
4,078

 
4,494

 
 
7,377,147

 
7,243,984

Less—current portion
 
(53,441
)
 
(30,907
)
 
 
$
7,323,706

 
$
7,213,077

(1)
This is a Euro denominated borrowing.
As of December 28, 2018, there was approximately $938.3 million of outstanding foreign currency borrowings.
Fiscal 2019 Refinancing Transactions
During the first quarter of fiscal 2019, the Company extended the maturity dates of the Revolving Credit Facility, Yen Term Loan due 2022, Canadian Term Loan due 2022, Canadian Term Loan due 2023 and Euro Term Loan due 2022 to October 1, 2023.
Also during the first quarter of fiscal 2019, the Company made an optional prepayment of approximately $200.0 million on the U.S. dollar denominated term loan due 2024.
NOTE 6. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS:
The Company enters into contractual derivative arrangements to manage changes in market conditions related to interest on debt obligations, foreign currency exposures and exposure to fluctuating gasoline and diesel fuel prices. Derivative instruments utilized during the period include interest rate swap agreements, foreign currency forward exchange contracts and gasoline and diesel fuel agreements. All derivative instruments are recognized as either assets or liabilities on the balance sheet at fair value at the end of each quarter. The counterparties to the Company's contractual derivative agreements are all major international financial institutions. The Company is exposed to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by these counterparties. The Company continually monitors its positions and the credit ratings of its counterparties, and does not anticipate nonperformance by the counterparties. For designated hedging relationships, the Company formally documents the hedging relationship and its risk management objective and strategy for undertaking the hedge, the hedging instrument, the hedged item, the nature of the risk being hedged, and how the hedging instrument's effectiveness in offsetting the hedged risk will be assessed prospectively and retrospectively. The Company also formally assesses, both at the hedge's inception and on an ongoing basis, whether the derivatives that are used in hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting cash flows of hedged items.
Cash Flow Hedges
The Company has approximately $2.6 billion notional amount of outstanding interest rate swap agreements as of December 28, 2018, which fixes the rate on a like amount of variable rate borrowings through the first quarter of fiscal 2023. During the second quarter of fiscal 2019, the Company entered into approximately $500.0 million notional amount of forward starting interest rate swap agreements to hedge the cash flow risk of variability in interest payments on variable rate borrowings.
Changes in the fair value of a derivative that is designated as and meets all the required criteria for a cash flow hedge are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassified into earnings as the underlying hedged item affects earnings. Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) related to derivatives will be reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made on the Company’s variable-rate debt. As of December 28, 2018 and

11

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

September 28, 2018, approximately $12.0 million and $36.2 million of unrealized net of tax gains (losses) related to the interest rate swaps were included in "Accumulated other comprehensive loss," respectively.
The following table summarizes the effect of our derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instruments on Other comprehensive income (loss) (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
Interest rate swap agreements
$
(31,000
)
 
$
5,245

Derivatives not Designated in Hedging Relationships
The Company entered into a series of pay fixed/receive floating gasoline and diesel fuel agreements based on the Department of Energy weekly retail on-highway index in order to limit its exposure to price fluctuations for gasoline and diesel fuel. As of December 28, 2018, the Company has contracts for approximately 12.9 million gallons outstanding through fiscal 2019. The Company does not record its gasoline and diesel fuel agreements as hedges for accounting purposes. The impact on earnings related to the change in fair value of these unsettled contracts was a loss of approximately $9.2 million for the three months ended December 28, 2018. The impact on earnings related to the change in fair value of these unsettled contracts was a gain of approximately $1.9 million for the three months ended December 29, 2017. The change in fair value for unsettled contracts is included in "Selling and general corporate expenses" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. When the contracts settle, the gain or loss is recorded to"Costs of services provided" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
As of December 28, 2018, the Company had foreign currency forward exchange contracts outstanding with notional amounts of €16.0 million and £10.7 million to mitigate the risk of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on short-term intercompany loans to certain international subsidiaries. Gains and losses on these foreign currency exchange contracts are recognized in income as the contracts were not designated as hedging instruments, substantially offsetting currency transaction gains and losses on the short-term intercompany loans.
The following table summarizes the location and fair value, using Level 2 inputs (see Note 14 for a description of the fair value levels), of the Company's derivatives designated and not designated as hedging instruments in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (in thousands):
 
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
December 28, 2018
 
September 28, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap agreements
 
Prepayments and other current assets
 
$

 
$
1,459

Interest rate swap agreements
 
Noncurrent Assets
 
$
24,355

 
$
54,708

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency forward exchange contracts
 
Prepayments and other current assets
 
$
31

 
$
209

Gasoline and diesel fuel agreements
 
Prepayments and other current assets
 
$

 
$
3,623

 
 
 
 
$
24,386

 
$
59,999

LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap agreements
 
Other Noncurrent Liabilities
 
$
205

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gasoline and diesel fuel agreements
 
Accounts payable
 
$
5,604

 
$

 
 
 
 
$
5,809

 
$


12

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

The following table summarizes the location of (gain) loss reclassified from "Accumulated other comprehensive loss" into earnings for derivatives designated as hedging instruments and the location of (gain) loss for our derivatives not designated as hedging instruments in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (in thousands):
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Income Statement Location
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
Designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap agreements
 
Interest expense
 
$
(1,702
)
 
$
2,096

Not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gasoline and diesel fuel agreements
 
Costs of services provided / Selling and general corporate expenses
 
$
9,144

 
$
(3,416
)
Foreign currency forward exchange contracts
 
Interest expense
 
178

 
(650
)
 
 
 
 
9,322

 
(4,066
)
 
 
 
 
$
7,620

 
$
(1,970
)
At December 28, 2018, the net of tax gain expected to be reclassified from "Accumulated other comprehensive loss" into earnings over the next twelve months based on current market rates is approximately $7.1 million.
NOTE 7. REVENUE RECOGNITION:
The Company generates revenue through sales of food, facility and uniform services to customers based on written contracts at the locations we serve. Within our FSS United States and FSS International segments, we provide food and beverage services, including catering and retail services, or facilities services, including plant operations and maintenance, custodial, housekeeping, landscaping and other services. Within our Uniform segment, the Company provides a full service uniform solution, including delivery, cleaning and maintenance. In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 606 ("ASC 606"), the Company accounts for a customer contract when both parties have approved the arrangement and are committed to perform their respective obligations, each party's rights can be identified, payment terms can be identified, the contract has commercial substance and it is probable the Company will collect substantially all of the consideration to which it is entitled. Revenue is recognized upon the transfer of control of the promised product or service to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods and services.
Performance Obligations
The Company recognizes revenue when its performance obligation is satisfied. Each contract generally has one performance obligation, which is satisfied over time. The Company primarily accounts for its performance obligations under the series guidance, using the as-invoiced practical expedient when applicable. The Company applies the right to invoice practical expedient to record revenue as the services are provided, given the nature of the services provided and the frequency of billing under the customer contracts. Under this practical expedient, the Company recognizes revenue in an amount that corresponds directly with the value to the customer of the Company’s performance completed to date and for which the Company has the right to invoice the customer. Certain arrangements include performance obligations which include variable consideration (primarily per transaction fees). For these arrangements, the Company does not need to estimate the variable consideration for the contract and allocate to the entire performance obligation, rather the variable fees are recognized in the period they are earned.
Impact of New Revenue Recognition Standard
As a result of adoption of the new standard, the following changes occurred with respect to financial statement line item classification in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements:
Transition Adjustment:
costs to obtain contracts related to employee sales commissions, previously expensed to “Cost of services provided” at contract inception, are now capitalized in “Other Assets” ($97.2 million and $100.7 million as of September 29, 2018 and December 28, 2018, respectively);
Other Reclassifications:
certain fees within the Uniform segment, $95.3 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2019, previously recognized as a reduction to “Cost of services provided,” are now recognized in “Revenue;”

13

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

client contract investments, previously capitalized within “Other Assets” and amortized to “Depreciation and amortization” will continue to be expensed over the contract life as either a leasehold improvement in “Property and equipment, net” ($797.3 million as of December 28, 2018) or as long-term prepaid rent or costs to fulfill in “Other Assets” ($181.0 million and $116.3 million as of December 28, 2018, respectively) and primarily classified in “Depreciation and amortization” or “Cost of services provided;” and
costs to fulfill contracts related to personalized work apparel, linens and other rental items in service, previously capitalized within "Inventories" will now be capitalized within "Other Assets" ($346.5 million as of December 28, 2018).
The following table compares the reported Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 28, 2018, to the balances had the previous revenue accounting guidance remained in effect (in thousands):
 
 
December 28, 2018
 
 
As Reported
 
Adoption adjustments of ASC 606
 
Balances without adoption of ASC 606
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
249,881

 
$

 
$
249,881

Receivables, net
 
1,880,299

 

 
1,880,299

Inventories
 
371,111

 
346,549

 
717,660

Prepayments and other current assets
 
148,697

 

 
148,697

Total current assets
 
2,649,988

 
346,549

 
2,996,537

Property and Equipment, net
 
2,153,154

 
(797,262
)
 
1,355,892

Goodwill
 
5,508,603

 

 
5,508,603

Other Intangible Assets
 
2,096,893

 

 
2,096,893

Other Assets
 
1,330,304

 
349,763

 
1,680,067

 
 
$
13,738,942

 
$
(100,950
)
 
$
13,637,992

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term borrowings
 
$
53,441

 
$

 
$
53,441

Accounts payable
 
866,162

 

 
866,162

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
 
1,277,672

 
(23,526
)
 
1,254,146

Total current liabilities
 
2,197,275

 
(23,526
)
 
2,173,749

Long-Term Borrowings
 
7,323,706

 

 
7,323,706

Deferred Income Taxes and Other Noncurrent Liabilities
 
990,021

 
(21,108
)
 
968,913

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
 
10,047

 

 
10,047

Stockholders' Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
                   Common stock
 
2,807

 

 
2,807

Capital surplus
 
3,154,479

 

 
3,154,479

Retained earnings
 
990,439

 
(56,316
)
 
934,123

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(132,996
)
 

 
(132,996
)
Treasury stock
 
(796,836
)
 

 
(796,836
)
Total stockholders' equity
 
3,217,893

 
(56,316
)
 
3,161,577

 
 
$
13,738,942

 
$
(100,950
)
 
$
13,637,992


14

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

The following table compares the reported Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three month period ended December 28, 2018, to the balances had the previous revenue accounting guidance remained in effect (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended December 28, 2018
 
 
As Reported
 
Adoption adjustments of ASC 606
 
Balances without adoption of ASC 606
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
$
4,265,349

 
$
(88,507
)
 
$
4,176,842

Costs and Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of services provided
 
3,794,445

 
(88,707
)
 
3,705,738

Depreciation and amortization
 
150,721

 
3,006

 
153,727

Selling and general corporate expenses
 
104,130

 

 
104,130

          Gain on sale of Healthcare Technologies
 
(157,309
)
 

 
(157,309
)
 
 
3,891,987

 
(85,701
)
 
3,806,286

Operating income
 
373,362

 
(2,806
)
 
370,556

Interest and Other Financing Costs, net
 
82,978

 

 
82,978

Income Before Income Taxes
 
290,384

 
(2,806
)
 
287,578

(Benefit) Provision for Income Taxes
 
39,708

 
(727
)
 
38,981

Net income
 
250,676

 
(2,079
)
 
248,597

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
(6
)
 

 
(6
)
Net income attributable to Aramark stockholders
 
$
250,682

 
$
(2,079
)
 
$
248,603

Disaggregation of Revenue
The following table presents revenue disaggregated by revenue source (in millions):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
December 28, 2018
FSS United States:
 
 
    Business & Industry
 
$
399.9

    Education
 
1,016.3

    Healthcare
 
263.3

    Sports, Leisure & Corrections
 
594.3

    Facilities & Other
 
386.5

         Total FSS United States
 
$
2,660.3

 
 
 
FSS International:
 
 
    Europe
 
520.1

    Rest of World
 
433.0

          Total FSS International
 
$
953.1

 
 
 
Uniform
 
$
651.9

 
 
 
Total Revenue
 
$
4,265.3


15

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Contract Balances
The Company defers sales commissions earned by our sales force that are considered to be incremental and recoverable costs of obtaining a contract tied to its food, facilities and uniform services. The deferred costs are amortized using the portfolio approach on a straight line basis over the average period of benefit and are assessed for impairment on a periodic basis. Determination of the amortization period and the subsequent assessment for impairment of the contract cost asset requires judgment. During the three months ended December 28, 2018, the Company expensed approximately $3.6 million of these costs to “Cost of services provided” in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
Costs to fulfill contracts includes payments made by the Company to enhance the service resources used by the Company to satisfy its performance obligation. These amounts are amortized over the contract period. If a contract is terminated prior to its maturity date, the Company is typically reimbursed for the unamortized amount. During the three months ended December 28, 2018, the Company expensed approximately $5.1 million of these costs to "Depreciation and amortization" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
Other costs to fulfill contracts represent personalized work apparel, linens and other rental items in service. The amounts are recorded at cost and are amortized over their estimated useful lives, which primarily range from one to four years. The amortization rates used are based on the Company's specific experience. The Company recorded expense of approximately $79.1 million during the three months ended December 28, 2018 related to these costs, which was recorded in "Costs of services provided" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
Deferred income is recognized on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets when the Company has received consideration, or has the right to receive consideration, in advance of the transfer of the performance obligation of the contract to the customer, primarily prepaid meal plans. The consideration received remains a liability until the goods or services have been provided to the customer. The Company classifies deferred income as current as the arrangement is short term in nature.
During the three months ended December 28, 2018, deferred income increased related to customer prepayments and decreased related to income recognized during the period as a result of the redemption of the advanced consideration. Below is a summary of the changes (in millions):
 
 
Balance, September 28, 2018
 
Add: Net increase in current period deferred income
 
Less: Recognition of deferred income
 
Balance, December 28, 2018
Deferred income
 
$
281.5

 
155.3

 
(284.4
)
 
$
152.4

NOTE 8. INCOME TAXES:
On December 22, 2017, “H.R.1,” commonly referred to as the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” (the “Tax Legislation”) was signed into U.S. law. The Tax Legislation, which was effective on January 1, 2018, significantly revised the U.S. tax code by, among other things, lowering the corporate income tax rate from 35.0% to 21.0% and implementing new international tax provisions that include a one-time transition tax on deemed repatriated earnings of foreign subsidiaries. Though certain key aspects of the new law were effective January 1, 2018 and had an immediate accounting impact, other significant provisions were not effective or did not result in accounting implications for the Company until after the fiscal year-end September 28, 2018. The provisions effective for fiscal 2019 are the tax on "Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income" ("GILTI"), the deduction for "Foreign-Derived Intangible Income" ("FDII"), the 163(j) limitation on interest expense and the 162(m) limitation on certain executive compensation.
During fiscal 2018, the Company made reasonable estimates related to certain impacts of the Tax Legislation and, in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Staff Accountant Bulletin No. 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cut and Jobs Act (“SAB 118”), recorded provisional estimates during a measurement period, when it did not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed in reasonable detail to complete its accounting for the change in tax law.
As a result of the Tax Legislation, the Company reassessed the ability to recover its $27.2 million of foreign tax credit ("FTC") carryforwards. Based on currently available information, the Company believed it would not generate sufficient foreign source income in the carryforward period to utilize a portion of these credits. As a result, the Company recorded a valuation allowance of $13.1 million against its foreign tax credit carryforward during the fiscal year ended September 28, 2018 as a provisional estimate. On the basis of proposed Treasury Regulations issued subsequent to the filing of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K on November 21, 2018, the Company recorded an adjustment to the valuation allowance to reduce the valuation allowance to $3.6 million. The adjustment to the valuation allowance resulted in a tax benefit to the provision for income taxes of $9.5 million.

16

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

The Tax Legislation contains additional international provisions which impact the Company beginning in the period ended December 28, 2018, including the tax on “Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income” (“GILTI”). The impact of the GILTI liability is not expected to have a significant impact on the financial statements for the fiscal year ending September 27, 2019. The Company is electing to treat taxes due on future U.S. inclusions in taxable income related to GILTI as a current-period expense when incurred (the “period cost method”).
The accounting for the impact of the Tax Legislation is complete and the Company closed the measurement period related to SAB 118.
NOTE 9. STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY:
During the three months ended December 28, 2018 and December 29, 2017, the Company paid dividends of approximately $27.2 million and $25.8 million to its stockholders, respectively. On January 30, 2019, the Company's Board declared a $0.110 dividend per share of common stock, payable on February 28, 2019, to shareholders of record on the close of business on February 14, 2019. During the first quarter of fiscal 2019, the Company completed a repurchase of 1.6 million shares of its common stock for $50.0 million. During the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the Company completed a repurchase of 0.6 million shares of its common stock for $24.4 million.
NOTE 10. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION:
The following table summarizes the share-based compensation expense and related information for Time-Based Options ("TBOs"), Time-Based Restricted Stock Units ("RSUs"), Performance Stock Units and Performance Restricted Stock ("PSUs"), and Deferred Stock and Other Units classified as "Selling and general corporate expenses" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (in millions).
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
TBOs
 
$
5.3

 
$
5.0

RSUs
 
8.9

 
5.8

PSUs
 
3.8

 
5.3

Deferred Stock and Other Units
 
0.6

 
0.4

 
 
$
18.6

 
$
16.5

 
 
 
 
 
Taxes related to share-based compensation
 
$
4.6

 
$
4.6

The below table summarizes the number of shares granted and the weighted-average grant-date fair value per unit during the three months ended December 28, 2018:
 
 
Shares Granted (in millions)
 
Weighted-Average Grant-Date Fair Value (dollars per share)
TBOs
 
1.8

 
$
8.36

RSUs
 
1.1

 
$
36.74

PSUs(1)
 
1.2

 
$
36.74

 
 
4.1

 
 
(1)
Includes approximately 0.5 million shares resulting from the payout of the 2016 PSU grants due to exceeding the adjusted earnings per share target.

17

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

NOTE 11. EARNINGS PER SHARE:
Basic earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the periods presented. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding adjusted to include the potentially dilutive effect of stock awards.
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share attributable to the Company's stockholders (in thousands, except per share data):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
Earnings:
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Aramark stockholders
$
250,682

 
$
292,284

Shares:
 
 
 
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding
246,887

 
245,086

Effect of dilutive securities
6,769

 
7,158

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding
253,656

 
252,244

 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings Per Share:
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Aramark stockholders
$
1.02

 
$
1.19

Diluted Earnings Per Share:
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Aramark stockholders
$
0.99

 
$
1.16

Share-based awards to purchase 4.6 million and 0.9 million shares were outstanding for the three months ended December 28, 2018 and December 29, 2017, respectively, but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per common share, as their effect would have been antidilutive. In addition, PSUs related to 1.7 million shares and 1.9 million shares were outstanding for the three month periods of December 28, 2018 and December 29, 2017, respectively, but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per common share, as the performance targets were not yet met.
NOTE 12. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES:
Certain of the Company's lease arrangements, primarily vehicle leases, with terms of one to eight years, contain provisions related to residual value guarantees. The maximum potential liability to the Company under such arrangements was approximately $81.6 million at December 28, 2018 if the terminal fair value of vehicles coming off lease was zero. Consistent with past experience, management does not expect any significant payments will be required pursuant to these arrangements. No amounts have been accrued for guarantee arrangements at December 28, 2018.
From time to time, the Company and its subsidiaries are a party to various legal actions, proceedings and investigations involving claims incidental to the conduct of their business, including actions by clients, consumers, employees, government entities and third parties, including under federal, state, international, national, provincial and local employment laws, wage and hour laws, discrimination laws, immigration laws, human health and safety laws, import and export controls and customs laws, environmental laws, false claims or whistleblower statutes, minority, women and disadvantaged business enterprise statutes, tax codes, antitrust and competition laws, consumer protection statutes, procurement regulations, intellectual property laws, food safety and sanitation laws, cost and accounting principles, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act, other anti-corruption laws, lobbying laws, motor carrier safety laws, data privacy and security laws and alcohol licensing and service laws, or alleging negligence and/or breaches of contractual and other obligations. Based on information currently available, advice of counsel, available insurance coverage, established reserves and other resources, the Company does not believe that any such actions are likely to be, individually or in the aggregate, material to its business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. However, in the event of unexpected further developments, it is possible that the ultimate resolution of these matters, or other similar matters, if unfavorable, may be materially adverse to the Company's business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
NOTE 13. BUSINESS SEGMENTS:
The Company reported its operating results in three reportable segments: FSS United States, FSS International and Uniform. Corporate includes general expenses not specifically allocated to an individual segment and share-based compensation expense (see Note 10). In the Company's food and support services segments, approximately 77% of the global revenue is related to food services and 23% is related to facilities services. Financial information by segment follows (in millions):

18

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 
Revenue
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
FSS United States
$
2,660.3

 
$
2,649.5

FSS International
953.1

 
913.0

Uniform
651.9

 
402.6

 
$
4,265.3

 
$
3,965.1

 
Operating Income
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 28, 2018
 
December 29, 2017
FSS United States
$
363.7

 
$
180.1

FSS International
11.5

 
43.9

Uniform
52.7

 
44.5

 
427.9

 
268.5

Corporate
(54.5
)
 
(51.6
)
Operating Income
373.4

 
216.9

Interest and Other Financing Costs, net
83.0

 
74.2

Income Before Income Taxes
$
290.4

 
$
142.7

NOTE 14. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL ASSETS AND FINANCIAL LIABILITIES:
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value are classified based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their fair value. The hierarchical levels related to the subjectivity of the valuation inputs are defined as follows:
Level 1—inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets
Level 2—inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument
Level 3—inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement
Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The Company's financial instruments consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, borrowings and derivatives. Management believes that the carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable are representative of their respective fair values. In conjunction with the fair value measurement of the derivative instruments, the Company made an accounting policy election to measure the credit risk of its derivative instruments that are subject to master netting agreements on a net basis by counterparty portfolio, the gross values would not be materially different. The fair value of the Company's debt at December 28, 2018 and September 28, 2018 was $7,230.7 million and $7,303.1 million, respectively. The carrying value of the Company's debt at December 28, 2018 and September 28, 2018 was $7,377.1 million and $7,244.0 million, respectively. The fair values were computed using market quotes, if available, or based on discounted cash flows using market interest rates as of the end of the respective periods. The inputs utilized in estimating the fair value of the Company's debt have been classified as level 2 in the fair value hierarchy levels.

19

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

NOTE 15. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES:
The following condensed consolidating financial statements of the Company have been prepared pursuant to Rule 3-10 of Regulation S-X.
The condensed consolidating financial statements are presented for: (i) Aramark (the "Parent"); (ii) Aramark Services, Inc. and Aramark International Finance S.à r.l. (the "Issuers"); (iii) the guarantors; (iv) the non guarantors; (v) elimination entries necessary to consolidate the Parent with the Issuers, the guarantors and non guarantors; and (vi) the Company on a consolidated basis. Each of the guarantors is wholly-owned, directly or indirectly, by the Company. The 5.125% Senior Notes due 2024 (the "2024 Notes"), 5.000% Senior Notes due April 1, 2025 (the "5.000% 2025 Notes"), 3.125% Senior Notes due April 1, 2025 (the "3.125% 2025 Notes" and, together with the 5.000% 2025 Notes, the "2025 Notes"), 4.75% Senior Notes due June 1, 2026 ("2026 Notes") and 5.000% Senior Notes due February 1, 2028 (the "2028 Notes") are obligations of the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, Aramark Services, Inc., (other than the 3.125% 2025 Notes, which are obligations of the Company's wholly owned subsidiary, Aramark International Finance S.a.r.l) and are each jointly and severally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by the Company and substantially all of the Company's existing and future domestic subsidiaries (excluding the Receivables Facility subsidiary) ("Guarantors"). All other subsidiaries of the Company, either direct or indirect, do not guarantee the 2024 Notes, 2025 Notes, 2026 Notes or 2028 Notes ("Non Guarantors"). The Guarantors also guarantee certain other debt. These condensed consolidating financial statements have been prepared from the Company's financial information on the same basis of accounting as the condensed consolidated financial statements. Interest expense and certain other costs are partially allocated to all of the subsidiaries of the Company. Goodwill and other intangible assets have been allocated to the subsidiaries based on management's estimates.

20

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEETS
December 28, 2018
(in thousands)

 
Aramark (Parent)
 
Issuers
 
Guarantors
 
Non
Guarantors
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
5

 
$
46,068

 
$
31,036

 
$
172,772

 
$

 
$
249,881

Receivables

 
2,077

 
504,123

 
1,374,099

 

 
1,880,299

Inventories

 
15,710

 
236,659

 
118,742

 

 
371,111

Prepayments and other current assets

 
19,040

 
61,596

 
68,061

 

 
148,697

Total current assets
5

 
82,895

 
833,414

 
1,733,674

 

 
2,649,988

Property and Equipment, net

 
52,569

 
1,739,928

 
360,657

 

 
2,153,154

Goodwill

 
173,104

 
4,699,929

 
635,570

 

 
5,508,603

Investment in and Advances to Subsidiaries
3,217,888

 
7,192,089

 

 
764,712

 
(11,174,689
)
 

Other Intangible Assets

 
29,684

 
1,884,981

 
182,228

 

 
2,096,893

Other Assets

 
46,086

 
986,935

 
299,285

 
(2,002
)
 
1,330,304

 
$
3,217,893

 
$
7,576,427

 
$
10,145,187

 
$
3,976,126

 
$
(11,176,691
)
 
$
13,738,942

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term borrowings
$

 
$
3,673

 
$
27,648

 
$
22,120

 
$

 
$
53,441

Accounts payable

 
174,150

 
387,545

 
304,467

 

 
866,162

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 
232,306

 
684,373

 
360,905

 
88

 
1,277,672

Total current liabilities

 
410,129

 
1,099,566

 
687,492

 
88

 
2,197,275

Long-term Borrowings

 
6,368,256

 
75,566

 
879,884

 

 
7,323,706

Deferred Income Taxes and Other Noncurrent Liabilities

 
418,957

 
500,138

 
70,926

 

 
990,021

Intercompany Payable

 

 
4,946,829

 
631,565

 
(5,578,394
)
 

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

 

 
10,047

 

 

 
10,047

Total Stockholders' Equity
3,217,893

 
379,085

 
3,513,041

 
1,706,259

 
(5,598,385
)
 
3,217,893

 
$
3,217,893

 
$
7,576,427

 
$
10,145,187

 
$
3,976,126

 
$
(11,176,691
)
 
$
13,738,942



21

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEETS
September 28, 2018
(in thousands)

 
Aramark (Parent)
 
Issuers
 
Guarantors 
 
Non
Guarantors
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
5

 
$
50,716

 
$
29,844

 
$
134,460

 
$

 
$
215,025

Receivables

 
1,038

 
443,599

 
1,345,796

 

 
1,790,433

Inventories

 
15,857

 
592,259

 
116,686

 

 
724,802

Prepayments and other current assets

 
21,411

 
86,100

 
63,654

 

 
171,165

Total current assets
5

 
89,022

 
1,151,802

 
1,660,596

 

 
2,901,425

Property and Equipment, net

 
28,341

 
1,013,523

 
336,230

 

 
1,378,094

Goodwill

 
173,104

 
4,783,547

 
653,917

 

 
5,610,568

Investment in and Advances to Subsidiaries
3,029,553

 
7,441,605

 
90,049

 
844,245

 
(11,405,452
)
 

Other Intangible Assets

 
29,684

 
1,919,795

 
187,365

 

 
2,136,844

Other Assets

 
100,754

 
1,264,976

 
329,443

 
(2,002
)
 
1,693,171

 
$
3,029,558

 
$
7,862,510

 
$
10,223,692

 
$
4,011,796

 
$
(11,407,454
)
 
$
13,720,102

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term borrowings
$

 
$

 
$
26,564

 
$
4,343

 
$

 
$
30,907

Accounts payable

 
128,460

 
483,606

 
406,854

 

 
1,018,920

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 
205,807

 
926,794

 
307,643

 
88

 
1,440,332

Total current liabilities

 
334,267

 
1,436,964

 
718,840

 
88

 
2,490,159

Long-term Borrowings

 
6,651,110

 
82,097

 
479,870

 

 
7,213,077

Deferred Income Taxes and Other Noncurrent Liabilities

 
432,583

 
466,331

 
78,301

 

 
977,215

Intercompany Payable

 

 
4,827,084

 
955,407

 
(5,782,491
)
 

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

 

 
10,093

 

 

 
10,093

Total Stockholders' Equity
3,029,558

 
444,550

 
3,401,123

 
1,779,378

 
(5,625,051
)
 
3,029,558

 
$
3,029,558

 
$
7,862,510

 
$
10,223,692

 
$
4,011,796

 
$
(11,407,454
)
 
$
13,720,102



22

ARAMARK AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
For the three months ended December 28, 2018
(in thousands)
 
 
Aramark (Parent)
 
Issuers
 
Guarantors 
 
Non
Guarantors
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
Revenue
$

 
$
268,522

 
$
2,848,927

 
$
1,147,900

 
$

 
$
4,265,349

Costs and Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of services provided

 
246,609

 
2,464,602

 
1,083,234

 

 
3,794,445

Depreciation and amortization

 
4,472

 
120,982

 
25,267

 

 
150,721

Selling and general corporate expenses

 
55,742

 
41,552

 
6,836

 

 
104,130

Gain on sale of Healthcare Technologies

 

 
(157,309
)
 

 

 
(157,309
)
Interest and other financing costs, net

 
78,560

 
971

 
3,447

 

 
82,978

Expense allocations

 
(230,589
)
 
225,801

 
4,788

 

 

 

 
154,794

 
2,696,599

 
1,123,572

 

 
3,974,965

Income before Income Taxes

 
113,728

 
152,328

 
24,328

 

 
290,384

Provision for Income Taxes

 
8,741

 
25,000

 
5,967

 

 
39,708

Equity in Net Income of Subsidiaries
250,682

 

 

 

 
(250,682
)
 

Net income
250,682

 
104,987

 
127,328

 
18,361

 
(250,682
)
 
250,676

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

 
(6
)
 

 

 
(6
)
Net income attributable to Aramark stockholders
250,682