EX-99.1 2 a18-39483_1ex99d1.htm EX-99.1

Exhibit 99.1

 

 

Alibaba Group Announces September Quarter 2018 Results

 

Hangzhou, China, November 2, 2018 — Alibaba Group Holding Limited (NYSE: BABA) today announced its financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

 

“Alibaba had another strong quarter of rapid growth. In particular, annual active consumers increased by 25 million to reach 601 million in the 12 months ended September 30, 2018,” said Daniel Zhang, Chief Executive Officer of Alibaba Group. “We generated synergies across our businesses, demonstrating the power of the Alibaba digital economy, which will be further showcased during our upcoming 11.11 Global Shopping Festival. Under our New Retail strategy, we are realizing our vision to enable renewed growth for traditional retailers through digitizing their store-based operations, powered by Alibaba’s technology and consumer insights.”

 

“We outpaced all industry peers by again delivering robust revenue growth of 54% this quarter,” said Maggie Wu, Chief Financial Officer of Alibaba Group. “While the growth of our overall profitability this quarter has been tempered by significant investments in local services, logistics, entertainment and international expansion, our core marketplace business continued to show strong profit and cash flow growth, which enables us to re-invest into strategic areas and our technology.”

 

BUSINESS HIGHLIGHTS

 

In the quarter ended September 30, 2018:

 

·                  Revenue was RMB85,148 million (US$12,398 million), an increase of 54% year-over-year.

 

·                  Revenue from core commerce increased 56% year-over-year to RMB72,475 million (US$10,553 million).

 

·                  Revenue from cloud computing increased 90% year-over-year to RMB5,667 million (US$825 million).

 

·                  Revenue from digital media and entertainment increased 24% year-over-year to RMB5,940 million (US$865 million).

 

·                  Revenue from innovation initiatives and others increased 20% year-over-year to RMB1,066 million (US$155 million).

 

·                  Annual active consumers on our China retail marketplaces reached 601 million, an increase of 25 million from the 12-month period ended June 30, 2018.

 

·                  Mobile MAUs on our China retail marketplaces reached 666 million in September 2018, an increase of 32 million over June 2018.

 

1


 

·                  Income from operations was RMB13,501 million (US$1,966 million), a decrease of 19% year-over-year, primarily due to the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, investments in digital media and entertainment and other strategic initiatives, as well as an increase in share-based compensation and depreciation expenses. Adjusted EBITDA increased 7% year-over-year to RMB26,710 million (US$3,889 million).

 

·                  Adjusted EBITA for core commerce was RMB29,807 million (US$4,340 million), an increase of 13% year-over-year. Our marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA, a non-GAAP measurement, increased 27% year-over-year to RMB35,642 million (US$5,190 million).

 

·                  Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders was RMB20,033 million (US$2,917 million), and net income was RMB18,241 million (US$2,656 million), representing a year-on-year increase of 13% and 5%, respectively.

 

·                  Non-GAAP net income was RMB23,453 million (US$3,415 million). Diluted EPS was RMB7.62 (US$1.11) and non-GAAP diluted EPS was RMB9.60 (US$1.40).

 

·                  Net cash provided by operating activities was RMB31,407 million (US$4,573 million) and non-GAAP free cash flow was RMB16,033 million (US$2,334 million).

 

BUSINESS AND STRATEGIC UPDATES

 

Core Commerce

 

Taobao — New user interface enhancing user experience and adding value for merchants.  During the quarter, we rolled out a new user interface on the Taobao App, with the aim to further customize the shopping experience by segmenting users based on their shopping behavior, and including more recommendation feeds to enhance product and content discovery.  In turn, the new interface enhances the ability of merchants to target, engage and retain consumers.  This improvement in user experience and merchant value proposition would not have been possible without our deep consumer insights and our proprietary technology backed by AI algorithms.

 

In September 2018, the Taobao app continued to experience strong user growth, with a quarterly net increase of 32 million MAUs on our China retail marketplaces to a total of 666 million MAUs.  Annual active consumers increased 25 million to 601 million for the 12 months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Tmall — extending B2C market leadership.  Tmall continued to expand its B2C market leadership and gain consumer wallet share. Excluding unpaid orders, physical goods GMV grew 30% year-over-year in the quarter ended September 30, 2018.  The strong growth was driven by continuous improvement in conversion rates and increases in traffic, reflecting strength in the fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG), home furnishings and apparel categories.

 

Tmall demonstrated its strong value proposition to brands and merchants as the leading brand-engagement and distribution platform in China.  During the quarter, brands such as Qeelin (a member of Kering Group), Stella McCartney, Theory and Sergio Rossi launched flagship stores on Tmall and joined the Tmall Luxury Pavilion, our customized premium shopping experience for consumers.

 

In October, we announced a partnership with Swiss luxury group Richemont, the parent company of luxury brands including Cartier, to launch a China joint venture with Richemont-owned Yoox Net-a-Porter (YNAP), the world’s leading online retailer for luxury goods.  This partnership will bring Chinese consumers unprecedented access to the world’s leading luxury brands. China is the largest luxury market in the world, and through this partnership, Alibaba will be even better positioned to capture this market opportunity. Under the partnership, YNAP and Alibaba will establish a joint venture to launch two mobile apps for YNAP’s NET-A-PORTER and MR PORTER multi-brand online stores for consumers in China. In addition, the JV will launch NET-A-PORTER and MR PORTER online stores on the Tmall Luxury Pavilion. The JV will focus on serving consumers in China and will also serve Chinese consumers travelling abroad.

 

2


 

On November 11, 2018, we will celebrate the 10th anniversary of the 11.11 Global Shopping Festival, which will offer high-quality products, entertainment and fast, reliable services to hundreds of millions of consumers in China and around the world.  As in past years, we will demonstrate the power of our commerce infrastructure and the Alibaba digital economy at scale.  This year’s festival will feature 180,000 participating brands.  In addition, we will unleash the synergies of online/offline integration as we deploy the New Retail business model and technologies in 200,000 smart stores in China across multiple retail categories.

 

New Retail — redefining consumption patterns for the future. Our New Retail strategy is transforming the traditional retail industry by digitizing store-based operations, with a focus on in-store technology, on-demand delivery, inventory tracking, supply chain management, consumer insights and mobile payments.

 

Our self-operated Hema grocery/restaurant stores continued to expand and introduce new initiatives that enhance consumer experience.  As of September 30, 2018, there were 77 Hema stores in China, primarily located in tier 1 and tier 2 cities.  Consumers are fully embracing Hema’s 30 minute on-demand delivery service that delivers fresh foods and groceries for their busy urban lifestyle.  Mature Hema stores (i.e., those in operation for at least 1.5 years) continued to show high sales productivity, with online sales accounting for over 60% of total sales in the quarter.

 

We are making good progress in digitizing partner retailers and enabling their New Retail model. For example, our partner Sun Art, the largest hyper-mart chain in China, has adopted our technology and is working closely with us in on-demand delivery, joint procurement and supply chain management.  As of the end of the quarter, we have enabled over 350 of approximately 470 Sun Art stores to fulfill online orders by connecting these stores and their warehouse systems to Taobao’s fresh food and general merchandise delivery channel (Taoxianda).  Consumers living within a three-kilometer radius of a connected Sun Art store can purchase groceries for on-demand delivery from their Taobao App.

 

Local Services — integration of Ele.me and Koubei.  In October 2018, we combined the operation of food delivery service Ele.me and online restaurant guide business Koubei under a single management team.  Ele.me served over 167 million annual active consumers in 676 cities in China for the 12 months ended June 30, 2018.  Together, Ele.me and Koubei served 3.5 million registered merchants as of June 30, 2018.  The combination of Ele.me and Koubei will accelerate the integration of consumer insights and restaurant management with enhanced operating efficiency, as well as improve cooperation with other Alibaba businesses.

 

Cainiao Network — digitizing the logistics industry.  Cainiao facilitates the digitization of the entire fulfilment and delivery process, improving consumer experience and lowering costs.  Together with our partners, we provide comprehensive logistics solutions to our customers to meet the different demands across different product categories and various consumer use cases.  These include point-to-point delivery used by merchants in online marketplaces, hub-and-spoke warehouse network for merchants and retailers, on-demand delivery for groceries and FMCG products, and cross-border delivery for international brands and consumers.  We have also made substantial investments in alternative forms of last-mile delivery through a network of Cainiao Post collection stations and self-pick-up lockers.

 

3


 

International — further investments for long-term growth.  Our cross-border and international retail businesses continued to show promising growth.  Revenue from our international commerce retail business reached RMB4,464 million (US$650 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, representing 55% year-on-year growth.

 

In September, Alibaba partnered with Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF), the sovereign wealth fund of the Russian Federation, MegaFon, a pan-Russian operator of digital opportunities, and Mail.Ru Group, the leading Internet and IT company in Russia with growing international exposure, to form a new strategic partnership to integrate Russia’s key consumer Internet and e-commerce platforms and launch a leading social commerce joint venture that will serve Russia and the rest of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The joint venture will leverage the existing business of AliExpress Russia and will offer unmatched value proposition for merchants, consumers and Internet users across Russia and the CIS.

 

Cloud Computing

 

Cloud computing revenue grew 90% year-over-year to RMB5,667 million (US$825 million), driven by improving revenue mix of higher value added services and robust paying customer growth. During the quarter, Alibaba Cloud launched over 600 products and features, including those related to big data analytics and AI application innovation, security, and IoT service enhancements.

 

In September, Alibaba Cloud launched Apsara 2.0, a comprehensive upgrade of our cloud computing operating system based on our proprietary distributed computing architecture.  The system enables enterprises with enhanced computation performance, flexible hybrid cloud implementation and more efficient network connection. With the upgrade, developers can leverage Alibaba Cloud IoT solutions to bring edge computing capability to connected devices at scale and seamlessly integrate with cloud networks.

 

Digital Media and Entertainment

 

Our strategy is to integrate entertainment into our overall offerings to consumers beyond commerce.  The synergy between our commerce and entertainment businesses delivers a superior user experience while increasing customer loyalty and subscription revenue, as well as return on investment for advertisers.

 

Growth of Youku’s daily average subscribers continues to be robust, increasing over 100% year-over-year during the quarter.  We will continue to invest in original content production capability in order to attain better control over content quality, format and scheduling.  We are seeing positive results from our investment in original content with five self-produced shows ranking among the top 10 original scripted series during the period from January 2017 to July 2018, according to Douban, a top commentary community in China.  During this quarter, our original reality show “Slam-dunk of China” became a new hit among young audiences in China.  Fox Networks Group has purchased the rights to the show for countries and regions outside of China.

 

Innovation Initiatives & Technology Development

 

Amap (formerly AutoNavi) is the largest map app and location-based technology platform in China.  The Amap app offers users a comprehensive set of mobility and destination information services. Amap integrates data such as weather, traffic, tourism destinations and curated point-of-interest information to offer users the best experience during each phase of their journey. On October 1, 2018, the first day of the week-long National Day holiday in China, Amap set a record high by reaching over 100 million daily active users.

 

4


 

Cash Flow from Operating Activities and Free Cash Flow

 

Net cash provided by operating activities in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB31,407 million (US$4,573 million), an increase of 4% compared to RMB30,121 million in the same quarter of 2017. Free cash flow, a non-GAAP measurement of liquidity, in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 decreased by 28% to RMB16,033 million (US$2,334 million), from RMB22,119 million in the same quarter of 2017, primarily due to an increase in capital expenditures (excluding acquisition of land use rights and construction in progress relating to office campus) by RMB6,310 million and an increase in acquisition of licensed copyrights and intangible assets by RMB1,062 million.  A reconciliation of net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow is included at the end of this results announcement.

 

Share Repurchase

 

In September 2018, we announced an ADS repurchase plan to implement the previously announced US$6 billion share repurchase program.  As of November 1, 2018, we have repurchased approximately 9.12 million of our shares for a total purchase price of approximately US$1.33 billion.

 

Revenue Guidance

 

Looking ahead, we are revising our fiscal year 2019 revenue guidance to a range of RMB375 billion to RMB383 billion. The new guidance range reflects a 4% to 6% adjustment to the original revenue guidance.  In light of current fluid macro-economic conditions, we have recently decided not to monetize, in the near term, incremental inventory generated from growing users and engagement on our China retail marketplaces.  We expect this decision to benefit SMEs on our marketplace platforms.

 

5


 

KEY OPERATIONAL METRICS*

 

 

 

September 30,

 

June 30,

 

September 30,

 

Net adds

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

2018

 

YoY

 

QoQ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China Commerce Retail:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annual active consumers(1) (in millions)

 

488

 

576

 

601

 

113

 

25

 

Mobile monthly active users (MAUs)(2) (in millions)

 

549

 

634

 

666

 

117

 

32

 

 


*                 For definitions of terms used but not defined in this results announcement, please refer to our annual report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018.

(1)         For the twelve months ended on the respective dates.

(2)         For the month ended on the respective dates.

 

SEPTEMBER QUARTER SUMMARY FINANCIAL RESULTS

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$(1)

 

YoY %
Change

 

 

 

(in millions, except percentages and per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

55,122

 

85,148

 

12,398

 

54

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from operations

 

16,584

 

13,501

 

1,966

 

(19

)%(3)

Operating margin

 

30

%

16

%

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA(2)

 

25,031

 

26,710

 

3,889

 

7

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin(2)

 

45

%

31

%

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITA(2)

 

23,018

 

23,155

 

3,371

 

1

%

Adjusted EBITA margin(2)

 

42

%

27

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

17,408

 

18,241

 

2,656

 

5

%

Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders

 

17,668

 

20,033

 

2,917

 

13

%

Non-GAAP net income(2)

 

22,089

 

23,453

 

3,415

 

6

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share/ADS (EPS)

 

6.78

 

7.62

 

1.11

 

12

%

Non-GAAP diluted EPS(2)

 

8.57

 

9.60

 

1.40

 

12

%

 


(1)         This results announcement contains translations of certain Renminbi (“RMB”) amounts into U.S. dollars (“US$”) for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise stated, all translations of RMB into US$ were made at RMB6.8680 to US$1.00, the exchange rate on September 28, 2018 as set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board. The percentages stated in this announcement are calculated based on the RMB amounts.

(2)         See the sections entitled “Information about Segments,” “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” and “Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Measures to the Nearest Comparable GAAP Measures” for more information about the non-GAAP measures referred to within this results announcement.

(3)         The year-over-year decrease was primarily due to the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, investments in digital media and entertainment and other strategic initiatives, as well as an increase in share-based compensation and depreciation expenses.

 

6


 

SEPTEMBER QUARTER INFORMATION BY SEGMENTS

 

The table below sets forth selected financial information of our operating segments for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30, 2018

 

 

 

Core
commerce

 

Cloud
computing

 

Digital media
and
entertainment

 

Innovation
initiatives
and others

 

Unallocated(1)

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions, except percentages)

 

Revenue

 

72,475

 

5,667

 

5,940

 

1,066

 

 

85,148

 

12,398

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

24,290

 

(1,165

)

(4,805

)

(2,201

)

(2,618

)

13,501

 

1,966

 

Add: Share-based compensation expense

 

3,292

 

928

 

710

 

952

 

1,161

 

7,043

 

1,025

 

Add: Amortization of intangible assets

 

2,225

 

5

 

293

 

8

 

80

 

2,611

 

380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITA

 

29,807

 

(232

)

(3,802

)

(1,241

)

(1,377

)

23,155

 

3,371

 

Adjusted EBITA margin

 

41

% (2)

(4

)%

(64

)%

(116

)%

 

 

27

%

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30, 2017

 

 

 

Core
commerce

 

Cloud
computing

 

Digital media
and
entertainment

 

Innovation
initiatives
and others

 

Unallocated(1)

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

 

 

(in millions, except percentages)

 

Revenue

 

46,462

 

2,975

 

4,798

 

887

 

 

55,122

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

23,836

 

(697

)

(3,383

)

(1,456

)

(1,716

)

16,584

 

Add: Share-based compensation expense

 

1,987

 

531

 

594

 

930

 

644

 

4,686

 

Add: Amortization of intangible assets

 

591

 

4

 

1,040

 

30

 

83

 

1,748

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITA

 

26,414

 

(162

)

(1,749

)

(496

)

(989

)

23,018

 

Adjusted EBITA margin

 

57

%

(5

)%

(36

)%

(56

)%

 

 

42

%

 


(1)         Unallocated expenses are primarily related to corporate administrative costs and other miscellaneous items that are not allocated to individual segments.

(2)         Adjusted EBITA margin is lower than the prior year period mainly due to the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, strategic investments in New Retail and Lazada.  Excluding the effect of the above-mentioned long-term investments, marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA increased 27% year-over-year to RMB35,642 million (US$5,190 million).

 

7


 

SEPTEMBER QUARTER OPERATIONAL AND FINANCIAL RESULTS

 

Revenue

 

Revenue for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB85,148 million (US$12,398 million), an increase of 54% compared to RMB55,122 million in the same quarter of 2017.  The increase was mainly driven by the robust revenue growth of our China commerce retail business, the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, as well as strong revenue growth of Alibaba Cloud.

 

The following table sets forth a breakdown of our revenue by segment for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

RMB

 

% of
Revenue

 

RMB

 

US$

 

% of
Revenue

 

YoY %
Change

 

 

 

(in millions, except percentages)

 

Core commerce:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China commerce retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Customer management

 

26,272

 

48

%

32,920

 

4,793

 

39

%

25

%

- Commission

 

10,059

 

18

%

13,136

 

1,913

 

15

%

31

%

- Others

 

3,226

 

6

%

8,095

 

1,179

 

10

%

151

%

 

 

39,557

 

72

%

54,151

 

7,885

 

64

%

37

%

China commerce wholesale

 

1,714

 

3

%

2,497

 

364

 

3

%

46

%

International commerce retail

 

2,878

 

5

%

4,464

 

650

 

5

%

55

%

International commerce wholesale

 

1,651

 

3

%

2,022

 

294

 

2

%

22

%

Cainiao logistics services

 

 

 

3,206

 

467

 

4

%

N/A

 

Consumer services

 

 

 

5,021

 

731

 

6

%

N/A

 

Others

 

662

 

1

%

1,114

 

162

 

1

%

68

%

Total core commerce

 

46,462

 

84

%

72,475

 

10,553

 

85

%

56

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cloud computing

 

2,975

 

5

%

5,667

 

825

 

7

%

90

%

Digital media and entertainment

 

4,798

 

9

%

5,940

 

865

 

7

%

24

%

Innovation initiatives and others

 

887

 

2

%

1,066

 

155

 

1

%

20

%

Total

 

55,122

 

100

%

85,148

 

12,398

 

100

%

54

%

 

Core commerce

 

·                  China commerce retail business

 

Revenue — Revenue from our China commerce retail business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB54,151 million (US$7,885 million), an increase of 37% compared to RMB39,557 million in the same quarter of 2017. This robust revenue growth reflected 151% year-over-year growth of others revenue, which consists primarily of our New Retail initiatives, mainly Hema fresh food grocery business, Tmall Import and Intime Department Stores.

 

In addition, revenue from our China retail marketplaces continued to see strong growth. Combined customer management and commission revenues grew 27% year-over-year, which represented an increase of 25% in customer management revenue and an increase of 31% in commission revenue.  The growth of customer management revenue was driven primarily by increases in the volume of paid clicks and to a lesser extent average unit price per click, reflecting continuous mobile user growth and our ability to deliver highly relevant search results to consumers through personalization technology. The growth of commission revenue was primarily due to strong year-over-year growth of 30% in physical goods GMV (excluding unpaid orders) on Tmall. Others revenue was RMB8,095 million (US$1,179 million), a significant increase compared to RMB3,226 million in the same quarter of 2017, primarily driven by contributions from Hema and Tmall Import.

 

8


 

Annual active consumers — Our China retail marketplaces had 601 million annual active consumers in the 12 months ended September 30, 2018, compared to 576 million in the 12 months ended June 30, 2018, representing a net addition of 25 million from the prior quarter, and a 23% increase from 488 million in the 12 months ended September 30, 2017. The increase in annual active consumers is primarily due to better new customer acquisition in less developed areas.  The longer consumers have been with our platform, the more they spend and the more orders they place across more product categories.

 

Mobile MAUs — Mobile MAUs on our China retail marketplaces grew to 666 million in September 2018, compared to 634 million in June 2018, representing a net addition of 32 million MAUs in the quarter, a 21% increase from 549 million in September 2017.

 

·                  China commerce wholesale business

 

Revenue from our China commerce wholesale business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB2,497 million (US$364 million), an increase of 46% compared to RMB1,714 million in the same quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to an increase in the average revenue from paying members on our 1688.com platform.

 

·                  International commerce retail business

 

Revenue from our international commerce retail business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB4,464 million (US$650 million), an increase of 55% compared to RMB2,878 million in the same quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to the growth in revenue generated from Lazada and AliExpress.

 

·                  International commerce wholesale business

 

Revenue from our international commerce wholesale business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB2,022 million (US$294 million), an increase of 22% compared to RMB1,651 million in the same quarter of 2017.  The increase was primarily due to increases in the number of paying members and average revenue from paying members on our alibaba.com platform.

 

·                  Cainiao logistics services

 

Revenue from Cainiao logistics services, which represents revenue from the domestic and international one-stop-shop logistics services and supply chain management solutions provided by Cainiao Network, after elimination of inter-company transactions, was RMB3,206 million (US$467 million).  We started to consolidate Cainiao Network in mid-October 2017.

 

·                  Consumer services

 

Revenue from consumer services, which represents revenues from platform commission, provision of food delivery services and other services provided by Ele.me, was RMB5,021 million (US$731 million).  We started to consolidate Ele.me in May 2018.

 

9


 

Cloud computing

 

Revenue from our cloud computing business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB5,667 million (US$825 million), an increase of 90% compared to RMB2,975 million in the same quarter of 2017, primarily driven by revenue mix shift towards higher value-added products and services and robust growth in paying customers.

 

Digital media and entertainment

 

Revenue from our digital media and entertainment business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB5,940 million (US$865 million), an increase of 24% compared to RMB4,798 million in the same quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to an increase in subscription revenue from Youku and an increase in revenue from mobile value-added services provided by UCWeb, such as mobile search and game publishing.

 

Innovation initiatives and others

 

Revenue from innovation initiatives and others in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB1,066 million (US$155 million), an increase of 20% compared to RMB887 million in the same quarter of 2017.  The increase was mainly due to an increase in revenue from Tmall Genie and Amap.

 

Costs and Expenses

 

The following tables set forth a breakdown of our costs and expenses, share-based compensation expense and costs and expenses excluding share-based compensation expense by function for the periods indicated.

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

% of

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

Revenue

 

 

 

RMB

 

% of
Revenue

 

RMB

 

US$

 

% of
Revenue

 

YoY
change

 

 

 

(in millions, except percentages)

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenue

 

22,002

 

40

%

46,786

 

6,812

 

55

%

15

%

Product development expenses

 

5,083

 

9

%

8,365

 

1,218

 

10

%

1

%

Sales and marketing expenses

 

6,266

 

11

%

9,106

 

1,326

 

10

%

(1

)%

General and administrative expenses

 

3,439

 

6

%

4,779

 

696

 

6

%

0

%

Amortization of intangible assets

 

1,748

 

4

%

2,611

 

380

 

3

%

(1

)%

Total costs and expenses

 

38,538

 

70

%

71,647

 

10,432

 

84

%

14

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation expense by function:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenue

 

1,369

 

2

%

1,566

 

228

 

2

%

0

%

Product development expenses

 

1,686

 

3

%

3,078

 

448

 

4

%

1

%

Sales and marketing expenses

 

501

 

1

%

746

 

109

 

0

%

(1

)%

General and administrative expenses

 

1,130

 

2

%

1,653

 

240

 

2

%

0

%

Total share-based compensation expense

 

4,686

 

8

%

7,043

 

1,025

 

8

%

0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses excluding share-based compensation expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenue

 

20,633

 

38

%

45,220

 

6,584

 

53

%

15

%

Product development expenses

 

3,397

 

6

%

5,287

 

770

 

6

%

0

%

Sales and marketing expenses

 

5,765

 

10

%

8,360

 

1,217

 

10

%

0

%

General and administrative expenses

 

2,309

 

4

%

3,126

 

456

 

4

%

0

%

Amortization of intangible assets

 

1,748

 

4

%

2,611

 

380

 

3

%

(1

)%

Total costs and expenses excluding share-based compensation expense

 

33,852

 

62

%

64,604

 

9,407

 

76

%

14

%

 

10


 

Cost of revenue Cost of revenue in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB46,786 million (US$6,812 million), or 55% of revenue, compared to RMB22,002 million, or 40% of revenue, in the same quarter of 2017. Without the effect of share-based compensation expense, cost of revenue as a percentage of revenue would have increased from 38% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017 to 53% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018. The increase was primarily due to (i) our consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, (ii) inclusion of the cost of inventory and logistics from our New Retail businesses and Lazada, as well as (iii) an increase in content spending by Youku on original content.

 

Product development expenses Product development expenses in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 were RMB8,365 million (US$1,218 million), or 10% of revenue, compared to RMB5,083 million, or 9% of revenue, in the same quarter of 2017. Without the effect of share-based compensation expense, product development expenses as a percentage of revenue would have remained stable at 6% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 and the same quarter last year.

 

Sales and marketing expenses Sales and marketing expenses in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 were RMB9,106 million (US$1,326 million), or 10% of revenue, compared to RMB6,266 million, or 11% of revenue, in the same quarter of 2017. Without the effect of share-based compensation expense, sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of revenue would have remained stable at 10% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 and the same quarter last year.

 

General and administrative expenses General and administrative expenses in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 were RMB4,779 million (US$696 million), or 6% of revenue, compared to RMB3,439 million, or 6% of revenue, in the same quarter of 2017. Without the effect of share-based compensation expense, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue would have remained stable at 4% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 and the same quarter last year.

 

Share-based compensation expense — Total share-based compensation expense included in the cost and expense items above in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB7,043 million (US$1,025 million), an increase of 50% compared to RMB4,686 million in the same quarter of 2017. Share-based compensation expense as a percentage of revenue remained stable at 8% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 and the same quarter last year. The following table sets forth our analysis of share-based compensation expense for the quarters indicated by type of share-based awards:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

June 30, 2018

 

September 30, 2018

 

% Change

 

 

 

RMB

 

% of
Revenue

 

RMB

 

% of
Revenue

 

RMB

 

US$

 

% of
Revenue

 

YoY

 

QoQ

 

 

 

(in millions, except percentages)

 

By type of awards:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alibaba Group share-based awards granted to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Our employees

 

3,697

 

7

%

4,416

 

6

%

6,060

 

882

 

7

%

64

%

37

%

- Ant Financial employees and other consultants(1)

 

469

 

1

%

168

 

0

%

105

 

15

 

0

%

(78

)%

(38

)%

Ant Financial share-based awards granted to our employees(1)

 

266

 

0

%

11,477

 

14

%

438

 

64

 

0

%

65

%

(96

)%

Others

 

254

 

0

%

317

 

0

%

440

 

64

 

1

%

73

%

39

%

Total share-based compensation expense

 

4,686

 

8

%

16,378

 

20

%

7,043

 

1,025

 

8

%

50

%

(57

)%

 


(1)                    Awards subject to mark-to-market accounting treatment.

 

11


 

Share-based compensation expense related to Alibaba Group share-based awards granted to our employees increased in this quarter compared to the previous quarter. The increase reflected the full quarter effect of the expense arising from the annual performance-based awards granted in the middle of the previous quarter and the effect of the expense arising from promotion awards granted in this quarter. We expect that our share-based compensation expense will continue to be affected by changes in the fair value of our shares, our subsidiaries’ share-based awards and the quantity of awards we grant to our employees and consultants in the future.

 

Share-based compensation expense related to Ant Financial share-based awards granted to our employees decreased significantly in this quarter compared to the previous quarter, mainly due to the revaluation of the fair value of such awards in the previous quarter.  Furthermore, we expect that our share-based compensation expense related to these awards will continue to be affected by future changes in the valuation of Ant Financial, although any such changes will be non-cash and will not result in any economic cost or equity dilution to our shareholders.

 

Amortization of intangible assets — Amortization of intangible assets in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB2,611 million (US$380 million), an increase of 49% from RMB1,748 million in the same quarter of 2017, primarily due to an increase in amortization of intangible assets acquired from business combinations.

 

Income from operations and operating margin

 

Income from operations in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB13,501 million (US$1,966 million), or 16% of revenue, a decrease of 19% compared to RMB16,584 million, or 30% of revenue, in the same quarter of 2017, primarily due to the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, investments in digital media and entertainment and other strategic initiatives, as well as an increase in share-based compensation and depreciation expenses.

 

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITA

 

Adjusted EBITDA increased 7% year-over-year to RMB26,710 million (US$3,889 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to RMB25,031 million in the same quarter of 2017, despite adjusted EBITDA margin decreasing from 45% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017 to 31% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018.  Adjusted EBITA increased 1% year-over-year to RMB23,155 million (US$3,371 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to RMB23,018 million in the same quarter of 2017, despite adjusted EBITA margin decreasing from 42% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017 to 27% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018.  Adjusted EBITDA and EBITA margins are lower mainly because of the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, strategic investments in digital media and entertainment and other strategic initiatives. Reconciliations of net income to adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITA are included at the end of this results announcement.

 

12


 

As many of our newly developed and acquired businesses have different cost structures, we expect that our margin will continue to be negatively impacted by these businesses and the accounting treatment of revenue recorded on a gross basis.

 

Adjusted EBITA and adjusted EBITA margin by segments

 

Adjusted EBITA and adjusted EBITA margin by segments are set forth in the table below. See the section entitled “Information about Segments” above for a reconciliation of income from operations to adjusted EBITA.

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

% of
Revenue

 

RMB

 

US$

 

% of
Revenue

 

 

 

(in millions, except percentages)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Core commerce

 

26,414

 

57

%

29,807

 

4,340

 

41

%

Cloud computing

 

(162

)

(5

)%

(232

)

(34

)

(4

)%

Digital media and entertainment

 

(1,749

)

(36

)%

(3,802

)

(554

)

(64

)%

Innovation initiatives and others

 

(496

)

(56

)%

(1,241

)

(181

)

(116

)%

 

Core commerce segment — Adjusted EBITA increased by 13% to RMB29,807 million (US$4,340 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to RMB26,414 million in the same quarter of 2017, despite adjusted EBITA margin decreasing from 57% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017 to 41% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018.  Excluding the effect of the below-mentioned long-term investments, marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA increased 27% year-over-year to RMB35,642 million (US$5,190 million).  The strategic investments include: (i) aggressive investment in local services, such as Ele.me, (ii) international expansion in regions such as Southeast Asia, (iii) gradual revenue mix shift towards self-operated New Retail businesses where revenue is recorded on a gross basis including the cost of inventory, and (iv) inclusion of the logistics technology business of Cainiao Network in our consolidated financial statements.  A reconciliation of adjusted EBITA for core commerce to marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA is included at the end of this results announcement.

 

Cloud computing segment — Adjusted EBITA in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was a loss of RMB232 million (US$34 million), compared to a loss of RMB162 million in the same quarter of 2017. Adjusted EBITA margin improved to negative 4% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 from negative 5% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017.

 

Digital media and entertainment segment — Adjusted EBITA in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was a loss of RMB3,802 million (US$554 million), compared to a loss of RMB1,749 million in the same quarter of 2017. Adjusted EBITA margin decreased to negative 64% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 from negative 36% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017, primarily due to our investments in the production of original content and licensing rights, including the rights for live streaming the World Cup games in China.

 

13


 

Innovation initiatives and others segment — Adjusted EBITA in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was a loss of RMB1,241 million (US$181 million), compared to a loss of RMB496 million in the same quarter of 2017. Adjusted EBITA margin decreased to negative 116% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to negative 56% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017, primarily due to investments in new business initiatives, including Tmall Genie.

 

Interest and investment income, net

 

Interest and investment income, net in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB6,635 million (US$966 million), which mainly included net gains from disposal of certain investments of RMB4,539 million (US$661 million), as well as net gains arisen from the increase in fair value of certain equity investments.

 

Other income (loss), net

 

Other loss, net in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB1,532 million (US$223 million), compared to other income, net of RMB1,737 million in the same quarter of 2017. The loss was primarily due to net loss sustained by Ant Financial during the quarter as a result of its investments in user acquisition, product innovation and international expansion.  In the September 2018 quarter, Ant Financial strategically stepped up its investment to acquire more users and capture growth opportunities of the offline payment market by leveraging its technology for financial service industries.  During the quarter, domestic annual active users exceeded 700 million, almost 70% of which used three or more categories of Ant Financial’s services.  Ant Financial’s net loss in the quarter led to our reversal of income recognized in respect of royalty fees and software technology service fees under our profit sharing arrangement.  The reversal of income amounted to a charge of RMB910 million (US$132 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to an income of RMB1,995 million in the same quarter last year.  Other loss, net also included an exchange loss of RMB907 million (US$132 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

 

Income tax expenses

 

Income tax expenses in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 were RMB277 million (US$40 million), compared to RMB2,719 million in the same quarter of 2017.

 

Our effective tax rate was 2% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to 13% in the same quarter of 2017. The decrease in effective tax rate was primarily due to the recognition of tax credits of approximately RMB4.7 billion (US$684 million) during the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to RMB2.3 billion in the same quarter last year, as certain key subsidiaries were notified of the renewal of their Key Software Enterprise status for calendar year 2017 by the relevant tax authorities.  Excluding share-based compensation expense, investment gain/loss, impairment of investments, as well as the above-mentioned tax credits from the renewal of the Key Software Enterprise status, our effective tax rate would have been 23% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

 

Share of results of equity investees

 

Share of results of equity investees in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was a profit of RMB1,254 million (US$182 million), compared to a loss of RMB882 million in the same quarter of 2017.  We record our share of results of equity investees one quarter in arrears. Share of results of equity investees in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 and the comparative periods consisted of the following:

 

14


 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

June 30, 2018

 

September 30, 2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Share of (loss) profit of equity investees:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Koubei(1)

 

(369

)

 

 

 

- Cainiao Network(2)

 

(273

)

 

 

 

- Other equity investees

 

190

 

(66

)

1,735

 

252

 

Dilution loss

 

(14

)

(108

)

(41

)

(6

)

Others(3)

 

(416

)

(481

)

(440

)

(64

)

Total

 

(882

)

(655

)

1,254

 

182

 

 


(1)         We have ceased to recognize our share of losses of Koubei as our cumulative share of losses exceeded our investment in Koubei.

(2)         We started to consolidate Cainiao Network in mid-October 2017 after obtaining control over Cainiao Network.

(3)         Others mainly include amortization of intangible assets of equity investees and share-based compensation expense.

 

The share of profit of other equity investees in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 mainly include our share of profit in Suning.

 

Net income and Non-GAAP net income

 

Our net income in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB18,241 million (US$2,656 million), an increase of 5% compared to RMB17,408 million in the same quarter of 2017.

 

Excluding share-based compensation expense, non-recurring disposal gains and certain other items, non-GAAP net income in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB23,453 million (US$3,415 million), an increase of 6% compared to RMB22,089 million in the same quarter of 2017.  A reconciliation of net income to non-GAAP net income is included at the end of this results announcement.

 

Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders

 

Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB20,033 million (US$2,917 million), an increase of 13% compared to RMB17,668 million in the same quarter of 2017.

 

Diluted EPS and non-GAAP diluted EPS

 

Diluted EPS in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB7.62 (US$1.11) on a weighted average of 2,628 million diluted shares outstanding during the quarter, an increase of 12% compared to RMB6.78 on a weighted average of 2,607 million diluted shares outstanding during the same quarter of 2017. Excluding share-based compensation expense, non-recurring disposal gains and certain other items, non-GAAP diluted EPS in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB9.60 (US$1.40), an increase of 12% compared to RMB8.57 in the same quarter of 2017. A reconciliation of diluted EPS to non-GAAP diluted EPS is included at the end of this results announcement.

 

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

 

As of September 30, 2018, cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments were RMB171,875 million (US$25,025 million), compared to RMB177,283 million as of June 30, 2018. The decrease in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was primarily due to cash used in investing activities, including acquisition of Trendyol and investments in Focus Media, partly offset by free cash flow generated from operations of RMB16,033 million (US$2,334 million).

 

15


 

Cash flow from operating activities and free cash flow

 

Net cash provided by operating activities in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB31,407 million (US$4,573 million), an increase of 4% compared to RMB30,121 million in the same quarter of 2017. Free cash flow, a non-GAAP measurement of liquidity, in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB16,033 million (US$2,334 million), compared to RMB22,119 million in the same quarter of 2017. A reconciliation of net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow is included at the end of this results announcement.

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, net cash used in investing activities of RMB31,584 million (US$4,599 million) primarily reflected (i) cash outflow of RMB23,352 million (US$3,400 million) for investment and acquisition activities, including acquisition of Trendyol and investments in Focus Media, (ii) capital expenditures of RMB12,394 million (US$1,805 million), which included cash outflow for acquisition of land use rights and construction in progress relating to office campus of RMB762 million (US$111 million), as well as (iii) acquisition of licensed copyrights and intangible assets of RMB3,742 million (US$545 million).

 

Employees

 

As of September 30, 2018, we had a total of 93,397 employees, compared to 86,833 as of June 30, 2018.  The number of employees as of September 30, 2018 increased by 6,564 from June 30, 2018, primarily due to the consolidation of newly acquired businesses and our expansion in consumer services and cloud computing businesses.

 

WEBCAST AND CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION

 

Alibaba Group’s management will hold a conference call to discuss the financial result at 7:30 a.m. U.S. Eastern Time (7:30 p.m. Hong Kong Time) on November 2, 2018.

 

Details of the conference call are as follows:

International: +65 6713 5090

U.S.: +1 845 675 0437

U.K.: +44 203 621 4779

Hong Kong: +852 3018 6771

Conference ID: 5099548

 

A live webcast of the earnings conference call can be accessed at http://www.alibabagroup.com/en/ir/earnings. An archived webcast will be available through the same link following the call. A replay of the conference call will be available for one week (dial-in number: +61 2 8199 0299; conference ID: 5099548).

 

Our results announcement and accompanying slides are available at Alibaba Group’s Investor Relations website at http://www.alibabagroup.com/en/ir/home on November 2, 2018.

 

16


 

ABOUT ALIBABA GROUP

 

Alibaba Group’s mission is to make it easy to do business anywhere and the company aims to achieve sustainable growth for 102 years. For fiscal year ended March 2018, the company reported revenue of US$39.9 billion.

 

CONTACTS

 

Investor Relations Contact

Rob Lin

investor@alibabagroup.com

 

Media Contacts

Brion Tingler

brion.tingler@alibaba-inc.com

 

Katie Lee
k.lee@alibaba-inc.com

 

SAFE HARBOR STATEMENTS

 

This announcement contains forward-looking statements.  These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “will,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “potential,” “continue,” “ongoing,” “targets,” “guidance” and similar statements.  In addition, statements that are not historical facts, including statements about Alibaba’s strategies and business plans, Alibaba’s beliefs, expectations and guidance regarding the growth of its business and its revenue, the business outlook and quotations from management in this announcement, as well as Alibaba’s strategic and operational plans, are or contain forward-looking statements.  Alibaba may also make forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to third parties.  Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties.  A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: Alibaba’s expected revenue growth; Alibaba’s goals and strategies; Alibaba’s future business development; Alibaba’s ability to maintain the trusted status of its ecosystem, reputation and brand; risks associated with increased investments in Alibaba’s business and new business initiatives; risks associated with strategic acquisitions and investments; Alibaba’s ability to retain or increase engagement of consumers, merchants and other participants in its ecosystem and enable new offerings; Alibaba’s ability to maintain or grow its revenue or business; risks associated with limitation or restriction of services provided by Alipay; changes in laws, regulations and regulatory environment that affect Alibaba’s business operations; privacy and regulatory concerns; competition; security breaches; the continued growth of the e-commerce market in China and globally; risks associated with the performance of our business partners, including but not limited to Ant Financial; and fluctuations in general economic and business conditions in China and globally and assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing.  Further information regarding these and other risks is included in Alibaba’s filings with the SEC. All information provided in this results announcement is as of the date of this results announcement and are based on assumptions that we believe to be reasonable as of this date, and Alibaba does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.

 

17


 

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

 

To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we use the following non-GAAP financial measures: for our consolidated results, adjusted EBITDA (including adjusted EBITDA margin), adjusted EBITA (including adjusted EBITA margin), marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP diluted EPS and free cash flow.  For more information on these non-GAAP financial measures, please refer to the section entitled “Information about Segments” and the table captioned “Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Measures to the Nearest Comparable GAAP Measures” in this results announcement.

 

We believe that adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP diluted EPS help investors identify and understand underlying trends in our business without the effect of certain income or expenses that are reflected in income from operations, net income and diluted EPS.  We believe that marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA is a measure that can help investors better understand the performance of our marketplace commerce business, which is the contributor of the large majority of our revenue.  We believe that adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITA, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP diluted EPS and marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA provide useful information about our core operating results, enhance the overall understanding of our past performance and future prospects and allow for greater visibility with respect to key metrics used by our management in our financial and operational decision-making.  We consider free cash flow to be a liquidity measure that provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated by our business that can be used for strategic corporate transactions, including investing in our new business initiatives, making strategic investments and acquisitions and strengthening our balance sheet.  These non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation or construed as an alternative to income from operations, net income, diluted EPS, cash flows or any other measure of performance or as an indicator of our operating performance.  These non-GAAP financial measures presented here may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies.  Other companies may calculate similarly titled measures differently, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures to our data.

 

Adjusted EBITDA represents net income before (i) interest and investment income, net, interest expense, other income (loss), net, income tax expenses and share of results of equity investees, and (ii) certain non-cash expenses, consisting of share-based compensation expense, amortization and depreciation, which we do not believe are reflective of our core operating performance during the periods presented.

 

Adjusted EBITA represents net income before (i) interest and investment income, net, interest expense, other income (loss), net, income tax expenses and share of results of equity investees, and (ii) certain non-cash expenses, consisting of share-based compensation expense and amortization, which we do not believe are reflective of our core operating performance during the periods presented.

 

Marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA represents adjusted EBITA for core commerce excluding the effects of (i) Ele.me and Cainiao Network consolidation as well as (ii) strategic investments in New Retail and Lazada.

 

Non-GAAP net income represents net income before share-based compensation expense, amortization, impairment of investments, gain or loss on deemed disposals/disposals/revaluation of investments, amortization of excess value receivable arising from the restructuring of commercial arrangements with Ant Financial, immediate recognition of unamortized professional fees and upfront fees upon termination of bank borrowings and others, as adjusted for the tax effects on non-GAAP adjustments.

 

18


 

Non-GAAP diluted EPS represents non-GAAP net income attributable to ordinary shareholders divided by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the periods on a diluted basis, including accounting for the effects of the assumed conversion of convertible preference shares.

 

Free cash flow represents net cash provided by operating activities as presented in our consolidated cash flow statement less purchases of property and equipment, licensed copyrights and intangible assets (excluding acquisition of land use rights and construction in progress relating to office campus).

 

The section entitled “Information about Segments” and the table captioned “Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Measures to the Nearest Comparable GAAP Measures” in this results announcement have more details on the non-GAAP financial measures that are most directly comparable to GAAP financial measures and the related reconciliations between these financial measures.

 

19


 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

Six months ended September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions, except per share data)

 

(in millions, except per share data)

 

Revenue

 

55,122

 

85,148

 

12,398

 

105,306

 

166,068

 

24,180

 

Cost of revenue

 

(22,002

)

(46,786

)

(6,812

)

(39,462

)

(90,506

)

(13,178

)

Product development expenses

 

(5,083

)

(8,365

)

(1,218

)

(9,779

)

(19,875

)

(2,894

)

Sales and marketing expenses

 

(6,266

)

(9,106

)

(1,326

)

(11,116

)

(18,027

)

(2,625

)

General and administrative expenses

 

(3,439

)

(4,779

)

(696

)

(7,118

)

(11,424

)

(1,663

)

Amortization of intangible assets

 

(1,748

)

(2,611

)

(380

)

(3,734

)

(4,715

)

(686

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from operations

 

16,584

 

13,501

 

1,966

 

34,097

 

21,521

 

3,134

 

Interest and investment income, net

 

3,435

 

6,635

 

966

 

4,907

 

13,881

 

2,021

 

Interest expense

 

(747

)

(1,340

)

(195

)

(1,547

)

(2,553

)

(372

)

Other income (loss), net

 

1,737

 

(1,532

)

(223

)

3,624

 

(1,615

)

(235

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income tax and share of results of equity investees

 

21,009

 

17,264

 

2,514

 

41,081

 

31,234

 

4,548

 

Income tax expenses

 

(2,719

)

(277

)

(40

)

(7,372

)

(5,942

)

(865

)

Share of results of equity investees

 

(882

)

1,254

 

182

 

(2,270

)

599

 

87

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

17,408

 

18,241

 

2,656

 

31,439

 

25,891

 

3,770

 

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

260

 

1,892

 

275

 

912

 

2,962

 

431

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to Alibaba Group Holding Limited

 

17,668

 

20,133

 

2,931

 

32,351

 

28,853

 

4,201

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accretion of mezzanine equity

 

 

(100

)

(14

)

 

(135

)

(20

)

Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders

 

17,668

 

20,033

 

2,917

 

32,351

 

28,718

 

4,181

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share attributable to ordinary shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

6.92

 

7.75

 

1.13

 

12.70

 

11.12

 

1.62

 

Diluted

 

6.78

 

7.62

 

1.11

 

12.43

 

10.93

 

1.59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of share used in calculating net income per ordinary share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

2,552

 

2,584

 

 

 

2,547

 

2,582

 

 

 

Diluted

 

2,607

 

2,628

 

 

 

2,603

 

2,627

 

 

 

 

20


 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED

REVENUE

 

The following table sets forth our revenue by segments for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

Six months ended September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

(in millions)

 

Core commerce(1)

 

46,462

 

72,475

 

10,553

 

89,489

 

141,663

 

20,627

 

Cloud computing(2)

 

2,975

 

5,667

 

825

 

5,406

 

10,365

 

1,509

 

Digital media and entertainment(3)

 

4,798

 

5,940

 

865

 

8,879

 

11,915

 

1,735

 

Innovation initiatives and others(4)

 

887

 

1,066

 

155

 

1,532

 

2,125

 

309

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

55,122

 

85,148

 

12,398

 

105,306

 

166,068

 

24,180

 

 


(1)         Revenue from core commerce is primarily generated from our China retail marketplaces, 1688.com, AliExpress, Alibaba.com, Lazada.com, Cainiao logistics services and consumer services.

(2)         Revenue from cloud computing is primarily generated from the provision of services, such as elastic computing, database, storage, network virtualization services, large scale computing, security, management and application services, big data analytics, a machine learning platform and IoT services.

(3)         Revenue from digital media and entertainment is primarily generated from Youku and UCWeb.

(4)         Revenue from innovation initiatives and others is primarily generated from businesses such as Amap, Tmall Genie and other innovation initiatives.  Other revenue also includes SME annual fee received from Ant Financial and its affiliates.

 

21


 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED

INFORMATION ABOUT SEGMENTS

 

The following table sets forth our income (loss) from operations by segments for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

Six months ended September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

(in millions)

 

Core commerce

 

23,836

 

24,290

 

3,537

 

48,644

 

47,312

 

6,889

 

Cloud computing

 

(697

)

(1,165

)

(170

)

(1,229

)

(3,239

)

(472

)

Digital media and entertainment

 

(3,383

)

(4,805

)

(700

)

(6,771

)

(9,095

)

(1,324

)

Innovation initiatives and others

 

(1,456

)

(2,201

)

(320

)

(3,068

)

(5,976

)

(870

)

Unallocated

 

(1,716

)

(2,618

)

(381

)

(3,479

)

(7,481

)

(1,089

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

16,584

 

13,501

 

1,966

 

34,097

 

21,521

 

3,134

 

 

The following table sets forth our adjusted EBITA by segments for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

Six months ended September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

(in millions)

 

Core commerce

 

26,414

 

29,807

 

4,340

 

53,384

 

62,604

 

9,115

 

Cloud computing

 

(162

)

(232

)

(34

)

(265

)

(720

)

(105

)

Digital media and entertainment

 

(1,749

)

(3,802

)

(554

)

(3,497

)

(6,934

)

(1,009

)

Innovation initiatives and others

 

(496

)

(1,241

)

(181

)

(1,130

)

(2,443

)

(356

)

Unallocated

 

(989

)

(1,377

)

(200

)

(1,956

)

(2,850

)

(415

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

23,018

 

23,155

 

3,371

 

46,536

 

49,657

 

7,230

 

 

22


 

The table below sets forth selected financial information of our operating segments for six months ended September 30, 2018:

 

 

 

Six months ended September 30, 2018

 

 

 

Core
commerce

 

Cloud
computing

 

Digital media
and
entertainment

 

Innovation
initiatives
and others

 

Unallocated(1)

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions, except percentages)

 

Revenue

 

141,663

 

10,365

 

11,915

 

2,125

 

 

166,068

 

24,180

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

47,312

 

(3,239

)

(9,095

)

(5,976

)

(7,481

)

21,521

 

3,134

 

Add: Share-based compensation expense

 

11,387

 

2,509

 

1,528

 

3,516

 

4,481

 

23,421

 

3,410

 

Add: Amortization of intangible assets

 

3,905

 

10

 

633

 

17

 

150

 

4,715

 

686

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITA

 

62,604

 

(720

)

(6,934

)

(2,443

)

(2,850

)

49,657

 

7,230

 

Adjusted EBITA margin

 

44

% (2)

(7

)%

(58

)%

(115

)%

 

 

30

%

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended September 30, 2017

 

 

 

Core
commerce

 

Cloud
computing

 

Digital media
and
entertainment

 

Innovation
initiatives
and others

 

Unallocated(1)

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

 

 

(in millions, except percentages)

 

Revenue

 

89,489

 

5,406

 

8,879

 

1,532

 

 

105,306

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

48,644

 

(1,229

)

(6,771

)

(3,068

)

(3,479

)

34,097

 

Add: Share-based compensation expense

 

3,547

 

959

 

1,096

 

1,746

 

1,357

 

8,705

 

Add: Amortization of intangible assets

 

1,193

 

5

 

2,178

 

192

 

166

 

3,734

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITA

 

53,384

 

(265

)

(3,497

)

(1,130

)

(1,956

)

46,536

 

Adjusted EBITA margin

 

60

%

(5

)%

(39

)%

(74

)%

 

 

44

%

 


(1)         Unallocated expenses are primarily related to corporate administrative costs and other miscellaneous items that are not allocated to individual segments.

(2)         Adjusted EBITA margin is lower than prior year period mainly due to the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, strategic investments in New Retail and Lazada.  Excluding the effects of the above-mentioned long-term investments, our marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA increased 29% year-over-year to RMB72,598 million (US$10,570 million).

 

23


 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

 

As of March 31,

 

As of September 30,

 

 

 

2018

 

2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

199,309

 

164,375

 

23,933

 

Short-term investments

 

6,086

 

7,500

 

1,092

 

Restricted cash and escrow receivables

 

3,417

 

7,878

 

1,147

 

Investment securities

 

4,815

 

9,662

 

1,407

 

Prepayments, receivables and other assets

 

43,228

 

48,468

 

7,057

 

Total current assets

 

256,855

 

237,883

 

34,636

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment securities (1)

 

38,192

 

132,467

 

19,287

 

Prepayments, receivables and other assets

 

26,274

 

26,156

 

3,808

 

Investment in equity investees (1)

 

139,700

 

86,823

 

12,642

 

Property and equipment, net

 

66,489

 

87,025

 

12,671

 

Intangible assets, net

 

27,465

 

50,684

 

7,380

 

Goodwill

 

162,149

 

203,729

 

29,664

 

Total assets

 

717,124

 

824,767

 

120,088

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities, Mezzanine Equity and Shareholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current bank borrowings

 

6,028

 

9,022

 

1,313

 

Income tax payable

 

13,689

 

12,361

 

1,800

 

Escrow money payable

 

3,053

 

6,202

 

903

 

Accrued expenses, accounts payable and other liabilities

 

81,165

 

104,785

 

15,257

 

Merchant deposits

 

9,578

 

9,101

 

1,325

 

Deferred revenue and customer advances

 

22,297

 

26,625

 

3,877

 

Total current liabilities

 

135,810

 

168,096

 

24,475

 

 

24


 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (CONTINUED)

 

 

 

As of March 31,

 

As of September 30,

 

 

 

2018

 

2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$ 

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred revenue

 

993

 

1,205

 

175

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

19,312

 

19,628

 

2,858

 

Non-current bank borrowings

 

34,153

 

35,477

 

5,166

 

Non-current unsecured senior notes

 

85,372

 

93,717

 

13,645

 

Other liabilities

 

2,045

 

5,296

 

771

 

Total liabilities

 

277,685

 

323,419

 

47,090

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mezzanine equity

 

3,001

 

6,001

 

874

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ordinary shares

 

1

 

1

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

186,764

 

212,682

 

30,967

 

Treasury shares at cost

 

(2,233

)

(1,412

)

(206

)

Restructuring reserve

 

(361

)

(229

)

(33

)

Subscription receivables

 

(163

)

(179

)

(26

)

Statutory reserves

 

4,378

 

4,535

 

660

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (1)

 

5,083

 

(1,685

)

(245

)

Retained earnings (1)

 

172,353

 

207,847

 

30,263

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

365,822

 

421,560

 

61,380

 

Noncontrolling interests

 

70,616

 

73,787

 

10,744

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity

 

436,438

 

495,347

 

72,124

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities, mezzanine equity and equity

 

717,124

 

824,767

 

120,088

 

 


(1)         We adopted ASU 2016-01, “Financial Instruments — Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities” beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019. After the adoption of this new accounting update, equity investments other than those accounted for under the equity method or those that result in the consolidation of the investee are required to be measured at fair value, with subsequent changes in fair value recognized in the income statement. We have adopted this new accounting update using the modified retrospective method. For available-for-sale securities, RMB8,196 million in unrealized gains, net of tax recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income as of March 31, 2018 was reclassified into retained earnings upon the initial adoption as of April 1, 2018.  Investments measured under the cost method of RMB59,942 million as of March 31, 2018 was reclassified into investment securities as of April 1, 2018.  The consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2018 was not retrospectively adjusted.

 

25


 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

Six months ended September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

(in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities(1)

 

30,121

 

31,407

 

4,573

 

55,994

 

67,524

 

9,832

 

Net cash used in investing activities(1)

 

(25,561

)

(31,584

)

(4,599

)

(39,484

)

(103,254

)

(15,034

)

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

(416

)

(3,477

)

(506

)

(9,310

)

804

 

117

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and escrow receivables (1)

 

(812

)

1,670

 

244

 

(1,904

)

4,453

 

649

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and escrow receivables

 

3,332

 

(1,984

)

(288

)

5,296

 

(30,473

)

(4,436

)

Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and escrow receivables at beginning of period

 

148,355

 

174,237

 

25,369

 

146,391

 

202,726

 

29,517

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and escrow receivables at end of period

 

151,687

 

172,253

 

25,081

 

151,687

 

172,253

 

25,081

 

 


(1)         We adopted ASU 2016-18, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash,” beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019. As a result of adopting this new accounting update, the consolidated statements of cash flows were retrospectively adjusted to include restricted cash and escrow receivables in cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the consolidated statements of cash flows. The impact of the retrospective reclassification on cash flows from operating activities, investing activities and effect of exchange rate changes for the six months ended September 30, 2017 was an increase of RMB176 million, an increase of RMB111 million and a decrease of RMB1 million, respectively.

 

26


 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED

RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO THE NEAREST COMPARABLE GAAP MEASURES

 

The table below sets forth a reconciliation of our net income to adjusted EBITA and adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

Six months ended September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

(in millions)

 

Net income

 

17,408

 

18,241

 

2,656

 

31,439

 

25,891

 

3,770

 

Less: Interest and investment income, net

 

(3,435

)

(6,635

)

(966

)

(4,907

)

(13,881

)

(2,021

)

Add: Interest expense

 

747

 

1,340

 

195

 

1,547

 

2,553

 

372

 

Less: Other income (loss), net

 

(1,737

)

1,532

 

223

 

(3,624

)

1,615

 

235

 

Add: Income tax expenses

 

2,719

 

277

 

40

 

7,372

 

5,942

 

865

 

Add: Share of results of equity investees

 

882

 

(1,254

)

(182

)

2,270

 

(599

)

(87

)

Income from operations

 

16,584

 

13,501

 

1,966

 

34,097

 

21,521

 

3,134

 

Add: Share-based compensation expense

 

4,686

 

7,043

 

1,025

 

8,705

 

23,421

 

3,410

 

Add: Amortization of intangible assets

 

1,748

 

2,611

 

380

 

3,734

 

4,715

 

686

 

Adjusted EBITA

 

23,018

 

23,155

 

3,371

 

46,536

 

49,657

 

7,230

 

Add: Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment and land use rights 

 

2,013

 

3,555

 

518

 

3,619

 

6,412

 

934

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

25,031

 

26,710

 

3,889

 

50,155

 

56,069

 

8,164

 

 

27


 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED

RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO THE NEAREST COMPARABLE GAAP MEASURES (CONTINUED)

 

The table below sets forth a reconciliation of adjusted EBITA for core commerce to marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Three months ended September 30,

 

Six months ended September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

(in millions)

 

Adjusted EBITA for core commerce

 

26,414

 

29,807

 

4,340

 

53,384

 

62,604

 

9,115

 

Less: Effect of Ele.me and Cainiao Network consolidation and strategic investments in New Retail and Lazada

 

1,550

 

5,835

 

850

 

2,964

 

9,994

 

1,455

 

Marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA

 

27,964

 

35,642

 

5,190

 

56,348

 

72,598

 

10,570