10-Q 1 truvenhealthq32013.htm 10-Q Truven Health Q3 2013


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q

þ                 QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2013
o                 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 333-187931
 
Truven Holding Corp.
(Exact name of registrant parent guarantor as specified in its charter)
Delaware
7374
45-5164353
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
Truven Health Analytics Inc.
(Exact name of registrant issuer as specified in its charter)
Delaware
7374
06-1467923
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
777 E. Eisenhower Parkway
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48108
(Address of registrants' principal executive offices)

(734) 913-3000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No ¨ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ      No ¨ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ¨    Accelerated Filer ¨         Non-accelerated filer þ     smaller reporting company ¨
(do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ¨      No þ 

As of November 13, 2013, there was one outstanding share of each of the registrants.
                                                                                 




TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets - As of September 30, 2013 (Successor) and December 31, 2012 (Successor)
 
 
 
 
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated and Combined Statements of Comprehensive Loss - For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013 (Successor), the three month period ended September 30, 2012 (Successor), and from inception (April 20, 2012) to September 30, 2012 (Successor), and January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012 (Predecessor)
 
 
 
 
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated and Combined Statements of Cash Flows - For the nine month period ended September 30, 2013 (Successor), from inception (April 20, 2012) to September 30, 2012 (Successor), and January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012 (Predecessor)
 
 
 
 
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity - For the nine month period ended September 30, 2013 (Successor)
 
 
 
 
Notes to Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
 
 
 
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
 
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
 
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
Item 5.
Other Information
Item 6.
Exhibits
 
 
 
Signatures
 
 
 
 






i



Definition of Terms
Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, references in this quarterly report to:
the term “Holdings LLC” refer to VCPH Holdings LLC, a Delaware limited liability company;
the terms “the Company”, “Truven Holding”, "we", "us", "our" and "Parent" refer to Truven Holding Corp., a Delaware corporation that is directly owned by Holdings LLC;
the term “TRHI” refers to Thomson Reuters (Healthcare) Inc., a Delaware corporation, which, upon consummation of the Merger, became a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of VCPH Holding Corp. (now known as Truven Holding) and subsequently changed its name to Truven Health Analytics Inc.;
the terms “Thomson Reuters Healthcare” and “Predecessor” refer to TRHI, together with certain other assets and liabilities of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare business prior to and including the date of the closing of the Acquisition on June 6, 2012;
the term “Wolverine” refers to Wolverine Healthcare Analytics, Inc., a Delaware corporation and an affiliate of The Veritas Capital Fund IV, L.P., a private equity fund managed by Veritas Capital, which was formed on May 16, 2012 as a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of VCPH Holding Corp. (now known as Truven Holding) and, upon consummation of the Acquisition, merged with and into TRHI, with TRHI surviving the Merger as a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of VCPH Holding Corp. (now known as Truven Holding) and subsequently changing its name to Truven Health Analytics Inc.;
the terms “Truven” and the “Issuer” refer to Truven Health Analytics Inc., a Delaware corporation and a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of Truven Holding;
the term “Acquisition” refers to the acquisition by Wolverine of 100% of the equity interests of TRHI and certain assets and liabilities of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare business, pursuant to the Stock and Asset Purchase Agreement, dated as of April 23, 2012, which VCPH Holding Corp. (now known as Truven Holding) entered into with the Stock Seller and the Asset Seller and subsequently assigned to Wolverine on May 24, 2012, and which closed on June 6, 2012;
the term “Merger” refers to the merger upon the closing of the Acquisition, whereby Wolverine (which was formed solely for the purpose of completing the Acquisition) merged with and into TRHI, with TRHI surviving the Merger as a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of VCPH Holding Corp. (now known as Truven Holding) and subsequently changing its name to Truven Health Analytics Inc.;
the term “Stock Seller” refers to Thomson Reuters U.S. Inc.;
the terms “Sponsor” and “Veritas Capital” refers to Veritas Capital Fund Management, L.L.C.;
the term "Asset Seller" refers to Thomson Reuters Global Resources;
the terms “Thomson Reuters” and the “Predecessor Parent” refers to Thomson Reuters Corporation;
the term “Stock and Asset Purchase Agreement” refer to the Stock and Asset Purchase Agreement among VCPH Holding Corp., the Stock Seller and the Asset Seller, dated as of April 23, 2012, which VCPH Holding Corp. assigned to Wolverine on May 24, 2012;
the term “Predecessor Period” refers to all periods prior to and including the date of the closing of the Acquisition on June 6, 2012; and
the term “Successor” refers to Truven Holding, on a consolidated basis with its subsidiaries;
the term “Successor Period” refers to all periods from inception of Truven Holding (April 20, 2012 - December 31, 2012), which includes all periods after the closing of the Acquisition on June 6, 2012.
the term "Old Notes" refers to the 10.625% Senior Notes, Series A, issued in a private offering under an indenture, dated June 6, 2012.
the term "Exchange Notes" refers to the 10.625% Senior Notes, Series B, registered under the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
the term "Notes" refers to "Old Notes" or "Exchange Notes", as the context may require.
the term "Senior Credit Facility" refers to the Term Loan Facility and Revolving Credit Facility from syndicate of banks and other financial institutions.



ii



Item 1. Financial Information

Truven Holding Corp.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012
(with the exception of common stock, in thousands of dollars, unless otherwise indicated)
 
September 30,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
7,769

 
$
23,805

Trade and other receivables (less allowances of $1,476 and $1,865, respectively)
91,814

 
105,141

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
22,862

 
18,409

Deferred tax assets
3,047

 
10,648

Total current assets
125,492

 
158,003

Computer hardware and other property, net
43,097

 
40,191

Developed technology and content, net
150,500

 
160,335

Goodwill
824,339

 
824,339

Other identifiable intangible assets, net
370,628

 
396,473

Other noncurrent assets
16,220

 
17,786

Total assets
$
1,530,276

 
$
1,597,127

Liabilities and Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
79,814

 
$
92,507

Deferred revenue
112,189

 
122,319

Current portion of long-term debt
5,350

 
5,276

Capital lease obligation
946

 

Income taxes payable
372

 
82

Total current liabilities
198,671

 
220,184

Deferred revenue
2,069

 
5,354

Long-term debt
852,525

 
832,696

Deferred tax liabilities
88,691

 
118,675

Other noncurrent liabilities
1,590

 
966

Total liabilities
1,143,546

 
1,177,875

Equity
 
 
 
Common stock—$ 0.01 par value; 1,000 shares authorized, 1 share issued and
    outstanding at September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012

 

Additional paid-in capital
477,829

 
473,364

Accumulated deficit
(91,080
)
 
(54,112
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment
(19
)
 

Total equity
386,730

 
419,252

Total liabilities and equity
$
1,530,276

 
$
1,597,127

See the notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements.

1



Truven Holding Corp.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated and Combined Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands of dollars, unless otherwise indicated)
 
Three month period ended September 30,
Three month period ended September 30,
 
Nine month period ended September 30,
From inception (April 20, 2012) to September 30,
 
 
January 1, 2012 to June 6,
 
2013
2012
 
2013
2012
 
 
2012
 
Successor
Successor
 
Successor
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues, net
$
123,594

$
100,950

 
$
363,481

$
124,263

 
 
$
208,998

Operating costs and expenses
Cost of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization
(64,293
)
(62,254
)
 
(200,983
)
(77,072
)
 
 
(112,050
)
Selling and marketing, excluding depreciation and amortization
(12,899
)
(12,500
)
 
(42,111
)
(16,249
)
 
 
(25,917
)
General and administrative, excluding depreciation and amortization
(12,387
)
(9,708
)
 
(31,326
)
(12,784
)
 
 
(27,173
)
Allocation of costs from Predecessor Parent and affiliates


 


 
 
(10,003
)
Depreciation
(5,422
)
(2,492
)
 
(14,411
)
(3,104
)
 
 
(6,805
)
Amortization of developed technology and content
(8,228
)
(6,425
)
 
(23,672
)
(8,076
)
 
 
(12,460
)
Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets
(8,615
)
(8,614
)
 
(25,845
)
(10,912
)
 
 
(8,226
)
Other operating expenses
(8,278
)
(10,665
)
 
(28,778
)
(40,416
)
 
 
(18,803
)
Total operating costs and expenses
(120,122
)
(112,658
)
 
(367,126
)
(168,613
)
 
 
(221,437
)
Operating income (loss)
3,472

(11,708
)
 
(3,645
)
(44,350
)
 
 
(12,439
)
    Interest expense
(16,661
)
(19,431
)
 
(54,753
)
(24,446
)
 
 

    Interest income


 


 
 
3

Unrealized foreign exchange loss
(19
)

 
(472
)

 
 

Loss before income taxes
(13,208
)
(31,139
)
 
(58,870
)
(68,796
)
 
 
(12,436
)
Benefit from income taxes
4,865

11,054

 
21,902

22,685

 
 
4,803

Net loss
$
(8,343
)
$
(20,085
)
 
$
(36,968
)
$
(46,111
)
 
 
$
(7,633
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
(17
)
$

 
$
(19
)
$

 
 
$

Total comprehensive loss
$
(8,360
)
$
(20,085
)
 
$
(36,987
)
$
(46,111
)
 
 
$
(7,633
)
See the notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements.

2



Truven Holding Corp.
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated and Combined Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands of dollars, unless otherwise indicated)

Nine months
ended September 30,
From inception (April 20, 2012)
to September 30,
 
 
January 1, 2012 to June 6,

2013
2012


2012

Successor
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(36,968
)
$
(46,111
)
 
 
$
(7,633
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:




 
 


Depreciation
14,411

3,104

 
 
6,805

Amortization of developed technology and content
23,672

8,076

 
 
12,460

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets
25,845

10,912

 
 
8,226

Amortization of debt issuance costs
1,931

961

 
 

Amortization of debt discount
1,922

561

 
 

Amortization of unfavorable leasehold interest
(94
)
(60
)
 
 

    Loss on extinguishment of debt
2,353


 
 

Deferred income tax (benefit) provision
(22,383
)
(22,685
)
 
 
543

    Share-based compensation expense
1,137


 
 
2,519

    Retention bonus in conjunction with the Acquisition
1,378

8,070

 
 
5,800

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
        Trade and other receivables
13,328

(16,829
)
 
 
32,869

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(4,453
)
(1,327
)
 
 
388

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
(7,203
)
33,522

 
 
(21,582
)
Bank overdrafts


 
 
(2,630
)
Deferred revenue
(13,415
)
14,708

 
 
(19,739
)
Income taxes
289


 
 
(514
)
Other
(599
)
459

 
 
294

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
1,151

(6,639
)
 
 
17,806

Investing activities
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

(1,249,402
)
 
 

Capital expenditures
(34,853
)
(10,924
)
 
 
(10,285
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(34,853
)
(1,260,326
)
 
 
(10,285
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continued on next page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

3



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine months
ended September 30,
From inception (April 20, 2012)
to September 30,
 
 
January 1, 2012 to June 6,
 
2013
2012
 
 
2012
 
Successor
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
Financing activities
 
 
 
 
 
Issuance of common stock

464,400

 
 

Additional capital contribution
1,950


 
 

Proceeds from senior term loan, net of original issue discount

517,125

 
 

Proceeds from senior notes, net of original issue discount

325,007

 
 

Proceeds from revolving credit facility
15,000


 
 

Principal repayment of senior term loan
(3,994
)
(1,319
)
 
 

Proceeds from senior term loan related to refinancing
86,105


 
 

Principal repayment of senior term loan related to refinancing
(74,772
)

 
 

Premium payment for refinancing the credit facility
(5,760
)

 
 

Payment of debt issuance costs

(21,616
)
 
 

Payment of capital lease obligation
(844
)

 
 

Decrease in net investment of Predecessor Parent


 
 
(16,760
)
Decrease in notes receivable from Predecessor Parent


 
 
9,247

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
17,685

1,283,597

 
 
(7,513
)
Effect of exchange rate changes in cash
(19
)

 
 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(16,036
)
16,632

 
 
8

Cash and cash equivalents


 




Beginning of period
23,805




70

End of period
$
7,769

$
16,632



$
78

Supplemental cash flow disclosures
 
 
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
38,100

$
11,323

 
 
$

See the notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements.


4



Truven Holding Corp.
Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity
Nine months ended September 30, 2013
(in thousands of dollars, unless otherwise indicated)
 
Common stock
Additional paid-in capital
Accumulated deficit
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
Total equity
Balance at December 31, 2012
$

$
473,364

$
(54,112
)
$

$
419,252

Additional capital contribution

1,950



1,950

Retention bonus in conjunction with the Acquisition

1,378



1,378

Share-based compensation expense

1,137



1,137

Foreign currency translation adjustment



(19
)
(19
)
Net loss


(36,968
)

(36,968
)
Balance at September 30, 2013
$

$
477,829

$
(91,080
)
$
(19
)
$
386,730

See the notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements.


5



Truven Holding Corp.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated and Combined
Financial Statements
(in thousands of dollars, unless otherwise indicated)
1.
Description of Business and Basis of Presentation
Description of the Business
On April 23, 2012, VCPH Holding Corp. (now known as Truven Holding Corp., the “Company”), an affiliate of Veritas Capital Fund Management, L.L.C. (“Veritas Capital” or the “Sponsor”), entered into the Stock and Asset Purchase Agreement with Thomson Reuters U.S. Inc. (“TRUSI”) and Thomson Reuters Global Resources (“TRGR”), both affiliates of the Thomson Reuters Corporation (“the Stock and Asset Purchase Agreement”), which VCPH Holding Corp. assigned to Wolverine Healthcare Analytics, Inc. (“Wolverine”) on May 24, 2012. Wolverine is an affiliate of The Veritas Fund IV, L.P., a fund managed by Veritas Capital. Pursuant to the Stock and Asset Purchase Agreement, on June 6, 2012, Wolverine acquired 100% of the equity interests of Thomson Reuters (Healthcare) Inc. (“TRHI”) from TRUSI and certain other assets and liabilities of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare business from TRGR and its affiliates (the “Acquisition”). Upon the closing of the Acquisition, Wolverine merged with and into TRHI, with TRHI surviving the merger (the “Merger”) as a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, and subsequently changed its name to Truven Health Analytics Inc. (“Truven”). Following the Merger, the assets acquired and liabilities assumed are now held by Truven, which remains a direct wholly-owned owned subsidiary of the Company.
Truven provides healthcare data and analytics solutions and services to key constituents in the healthcare system, including employers and health plans, federal government agencies, state government agencies, hospitals, clinicians and pharmaceutical companies. Truven operates and manages its business under three reportable segments: Payer, Hospitals and Clinicians.
Truven Holding Corp. was formed on April 20, 2012, by Veritas Capital for the purpose of consummating the Acquisition and has had no operations from inception other than its investment in Truven.
Basis of Presentation
These unaudited interim condensed consolidated and combined financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim reporting and are consistent with the accounting policies and method used in preparation of the Company's consolidated and combined financial statements as of December 31, 2012 and for the 2012 Periods. The preparation of interim condensed consolidated and combined financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the interim condensed consolidated and combined financial statements and accompanying notes. Although these estimates are based on management's knowledge of current events and actions that the Company may undertake in the future, actual results could differ from those estimates. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal and recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement for the periods presented have been recorded. The results of operations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year ending December 31, 2013. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with, and have been prepared in conformity with, the accounting principles reflected in the Company’s financial statements and the notes thereto for the 2012 Periods included in the Amendment No. 1 to Form S-4 as filed with the SEC on June 19, 2013 and declared effective on June 26, 2013 ("Form S-4/A").
Successor - The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013, and statement of equity and cash flows for the nine month period ended September 30, 2013, include the accounts of Truven Holding Corp. from January 1, 2013 to September 30, 2013. The consolidated financial statements of the Successor reflect the Acquisition under the acquisition method of accounting,

6



in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 850, Business Combinations.
Predecessor - The accompanying unaudited interim condensed combined financial statements of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare business (our “Predecessor”) prior to the Acquisition on June 6, 2012, include the unaudited interim condensed combined financial statements of TRHI and certain assets owned by subsidiaries of Thomson Reuters Corporation (“Thomson Reuters” or the “Predecessor Parent”).
Before the Acquisition, our Predecessor operated as a business unit of Thomson Reuters and not as a standalone company. TRHI was a wholly-owned owned indirect subsidiary of Thomson Reuters, and certain of the company's assets were owned by subsidiaries of Thomson Reuters. During the Predecessor Period, TRHI engaged in extensive intercompany transactions with Thomson Reuters and its subsidiaries related to certain support services, and Thomson Reuters allocated the cost of these services as “Allocation of costs from Predecessor Parent and affiliates” in the condensed combined statement of comprehensive loss (see Note 8). For the Predecessor Period, the accompanying condensed combined financial statements reflect the assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses directly attributed to the Thomson Reuters Healthcare business as well as certain allocations by the Predecessor Parent. All significant transactions in the Predecessor Period between TRHI and other Thomson Reuters entities were included in our Predecessor's condensed combined financial statements. The expense and cost allocations were determined on bases that were deemed reasonable by management in order to reflect the utilization of services provided or the benefit received by TRHI during the periods presented. The combined financial information included herein does not necessarily reflect the results of operations, financial position, changes in equity and cash flows of the Company in the future or what would have been reflected had we operated as a separate, standalone entity during the periods presented. The income tax benefits and provisions, related tax payments and deferred tax balances were prepared as if the Predecessor had operated as a standalone taxpayer for the Predecessor Periods presented.
Truven Holding Corp. has no operations other than its investment in Truven. Therefore, the unaudited interim condensed consolidated and combined financial statements of Truven Holding Corp. reflect the financial position and results of operations of Truven.
Reclassification
In order to conform the prior periods with the current period presentation, the Company has reclassified facilities costs previously recorded in the “General and administrative, excluding depreciation and amortization” to “Costs of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization” and “Selling and marketing, excluding depreciation and amortization” accounts amounting to $3.3 million and $0.4 million, respectively, in the Predecessor Period from January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012, $2.5 million and $0.3 million, respectively, in the Successor Period from inception (April 20, 2012) to September 30, 2012, and $2.0 million and $0.2 million respectively, in the Successor Period for the three months ended September 30, 2012. These reclassifications did not have an impact on the Company’s balance sheet and statement of cash flows for the periods presented.
Revision of Previously Issued Financial Statements
During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company identified and recorded adjustments to correct deferred revenues, certain accrued liabilities and related expense accounts. Management performed a review to determine the impact of the adjustments in its previously issued interim financial statements and concluded certain adjustments, while not material (individually or in aggregate), impacted the interim financial statements for the third quarter of 2012. The adjustments have no impact on the Company's balance sheet as of December 31, 2012 or the statements of comprehensive loss and cash flows for the period from January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012 as presented within our annual financial statements included in our Form S-4/A.

We have revised our previously issued unaudited condensed consolidated and combined statements of comprehensive loss for the Successor periods ended September 30, 2012 and statement of cash flows for the Successor period ended September 30, 2012, to give effect to the recording of certain revenues and accrual of expenses recorded in the fourth quarter of 2012 that impact the interim financial statements as described above. The interim financial statements were previously distributed to a limited group primarily comprising the holders of our 10.625%% Senior Notes and the financial institutions with participation in our Senior Credit Facility.

7




The following table summarizes the effects of the revisions on the Company's unaudited interim condensed statement of consolidated comprehensive loss for three month period ended September 30, 2012, the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012, and the Company's unaudited condensed statement of consolidated cash flows for the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012:
Comprehensive loss for the three month period ended September 30, 2012 (Successor):
 
As Reported
Adjustments
As Revised
Revenues, net
$
104,865

$
(3,915
)
$
100,950

Total operating costs and expenses
(113,429
)
771

(112,658
)
Operating loss
(8,564
)
(3,144
)
(11,708
)
Loss before income taxes
(27,995
)
(3,144
)
(31,139
)
Benefit from income taxes
9,932

1,122

11,054

Net loss
(18,063
)
(2,022
)
(20,085
)
 
 
 
 
Total comprehensive loss
$
(18,063
)
$
(2,022
)
$
(20,085
)
Comprehensive loss for the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012 (Successor):
 
As Reported
Adjustments
As Revised
Revenues, net
$
127,695

$
(3,432
)
$
124,263

Total operating costs and expenses
(168,161
)
(452
)
(168,613
)
Operating loss
(40,466
)
(3,884
)
(44,350
)
Loss before income taxes
(64,912
)
(3,884
)
(68,796
)
Benefit from income taxes
21,299

1,386

22,685

Net loss
(43,613
)
(2,498
)
(46,111
)
 
 
 
 
Total comprehensive loss
$
(43,613
)
$
(2,498
)
$
(46,111
)
Cash flow for the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012 (Successor):
 
As Reported
Adjustments
As Revised
Net cash used in operating activities
$
(1,609
)
$
(5,030
)
$
(6,639
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(1,264,825
)
4,499

(1,260,326
)

2.     Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2013, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-02, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) ("ASU 2013-02"). The amendments in ASU 2013-02 supersede and replace the presentation requirements for reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income in ASU 2011-05 and ASU 2011-12 for all public and private organizations. The amendments would require an entity to provide additional information about reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income. The amendments in ASU 2013-02 are effective prospectively for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2012. The Company adopted ASU 2013-02 effective January 1, 2013. The adoption of this standard has no impact on the Company’s unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.


8



In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11, Income taxes (Topic 740):Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists. The amendment requires an unrecognized tax benefit or portion of an unrecognized tax benefit to be presented as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward except when certain conditions exist. The amendment in ASU 2013-11 is effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2013, including interim periods in 2014. The adoption of this standard will not impact the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

3.
Acquisition
On June 6, 2012, as fully described in Note 1, the Company completed the Acquisition of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare business (subsequently renamed Truven Health Analytics Inc. (“Truven”)) from subsidiaries of the Thomson Reuters Corporation for net cash consideration of $1,249,402. The direct costs associated with the Acquisition amounted to $26,734 and were recorded as period costs.
The Company financed the Acquisition and paid related costs and expenses associated with the Acquisition and the financing as follows: (i) approximately $464,400 in common equity was contributed by entities affiliated with the Sponsor and certain co-investors; (ii) $527,625 principal amount was borrowed under the Term Loan Facility; and (iii) $327,150 aggregated principal amount of Notes (as defined below) were issued.

On June 6, 2013, the Company finalized the acquisition date fair values of acquired assets and liabilities, including the valuations of identifiable intangible assets, computer hardware and other equipment, and developed technology and content. The determination of fair value of acquired assets involves a variety of assumptions, including estimates associated with useful lives. As discussed in our second quarter unaudited interim condensed and consolidated financial statements, the finalization of these valuations and completion of management review of certain accounts resulted in the refinement of certain assets and liabilities and that resulted in a reduction of $533 to goodwill and a corresponding increase in current asset, noncurrent asset and noncurrent deferred tax liabilities of $458, $120 and $45, respectively, from the previously reported amounts as of December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013. In accordance with the Company's accounting policy described in Note 2 of the annual financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2012, included in the Form S-4/A, the adjustments on finalization of the purchase accounting were recognized retrospectively to the date of acquisition.

The following is a summary of the final allocation of the final purchase price of the Acquisition to the estimated fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the Acquisition. The final allocation of the purchase price is based on management's judgment after evaluating several factors, including a valuation assessment prepared by a third party valuation firm:

9



 
Final values recognized at acquisition date
Trade and other receivables
$
77,598

Prepaid assets and other current assets
11,973

Computer hardware and other property
24,693

Developed technology and content
159,622

Other identifiable intangible assets
416,000

Other noncurrent assets
106

Current deferred tax assets
11,262

Current liabilities
(46,588
)
Deferred revenue
(80,239
)
Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities
(149,364
)
Net assets acquired
425,063

Goodwill on acquisition
824,339

Net consideration paid in cash
$
1,249,402


The following unaudited pro forma financial data summarizes the Company's results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and the three months ended September 30, 2012 had the Acquisition occurred on January 1, 2011:
 
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2012
 
Three months ended September 30, 2012
 
 
 
 
Revenues, net
$
361,785

 
$
122,630

Net loss
(17,444
)
 
(1,277
)

4.
Long-Term Debt

The Company's long-term debt consists of the following:

September 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012

Senior Credit Facility

 

Term Loan Facility (net of $14,810 and $12,174 discount, respectively)
$
517,515

 
$
512,813

Revolving Credit Facility
15,000

 



 

10.625% Senior Notes ("the Exchange Notes") (net of $1,790 and $1,991 discount, respectively)
325,360

 
325,159


857,875

 
837,972

Less: current portion of long-term debt
5,350

 
5,276

Long-term debt
$
852,525

 
$
832,696

In connection with the Acquisition, on June 6, 2012, Truven entered into the Senior Credit Facility and issued the 10.625% Senior Notes in a private offering the ("Old Notes").

10



Senior Credit Facility
The Senior Credit Facility, as amended on April 26, 2013, is with a syndicate of banks and other financial institutions and provides financing of up to $585.0 million, consisting of the $535.0 million Term Loan Facility with a maturity of seven years and the $50.0 million Revolving Credit Facility with a maturity of five years. As of September 30, 2013, the Company has an outstanding revolving loan of $15.0 million and outstanding letters of credit amounting to $0.3 million, which, while not drawn, reduce the available line of credit under the Revolving Credit Facility to $34.7 million.

Borrowings under the Senior Credit Facility, other than swing line loans, bear interest at a rate per annum equal to an applicable margin plus, at Truven’s option, either (a) a base rate determined by reference to the highest of (1) the prime rate of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., (2) the federal funds effective rate plus 0.50% and (3) the one month Eurodollar rate plus 1.00%; provided, that the base rate for the Term Loan Facility at any time shall not be less than 2.25%, or (b) a Eurodollar rate adjusted for statutory reserve requirements for a one, two, three or six month period (or a nine or twelve month interest period if agreed to by all applicable lenders); provided that the Eurodollar base rate used to calculate the Eurodollar rate for the Term Loan Facility at any time shall not be less than 1.25%. Swing line loans will bear interest at the interest rate applicable to base rate loans, plus an applicable margin. In addition to paying interest on outstanding principal under the Senior Credit Facility, we are required to pay a commitment fee to the lenders under the Revolving Credit Facility in respect of the unutilized commitments thereunder at a rate equal to 0.50% (subject to reduction upon attainment of certain leverage ratios). We will also pay customary letter of credit fees and certain other agency fees. Truven may voluntarily repay outstanding loans under the Senior Credit Facility at any time without premium or penalty, other than customary “breakage” costs with respect to adjusted LIBOR loans. We are required to repay $1.3 million of the Term Loan Facility quarterly, through March 31, 2019, with any remaining balance due June 6, 2019.

All obligations under the Senior Credit Facility are guaranteed by Truven Holding Corp. and each of Truven’s future wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries (of which there are currently none). All obligations under the Senior Credit Facility and the guarantees of those obligations are collateralized by first priority security interests in substantially all of Truven’s assets as well as those of each guarantor (subject to certain limited exceptions).

The Senior Credit Facility contains a number of covenants that, among other things, restrict, subject to certain exceptions, Truven’s ability and the ability of each of any restricted subsidiaries to sell assets; incur additional indebtedness; prepay other indebtedness (including the Notes); pay dividends and distributions or repurchase its capital stock; create liens on assets; make investments; make certain acquisitions; engage in mergers or consolidations; engage in certain transactions with affiliates; amend certain charter documents and material agreements governing subordinated indebtedness, change the business conducted by it and its subsidiaries; and enter into agreements that restrict dividends from subsidiaries.

In addition, the Senior Credit Facility requires Truven, commencing with the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2012, to comply with a quarterly maximum consolidated senior secured leverage ratio in accordance with the debt covenants as long as the commitments under the Revolving Credit Facility remain outstanding (subject to certain limited exceptions). The Senior Credit Facility also contains certain customary representations and warranties, affirmative covenants and events of default. As of September 30, 2013, the Company is in compliance with all of these credit facility covenants.

Refinancing

On October 3, 2012, we entered into the First Amendment to the Senior Credit Facility with a syndicate of banks and other financial institutions with no changes in the terms and conditions other than the reduction of the applicable margin by 1.00%. The loans with certain lenders had been determined to be extinguished under FASB ASC Topics 470-50, Modifications and Extinguishments.

On April 26, 2013, we entered into the Second Amendment to the Senior Credit Facility (referred to as the "April 2013 Refinancing") with a syndicate of banks and other financial institutions to (i) increase the aggregate principal amount of the Term Loan Facility from $523.7 million to $535.0 million, (ii) reduce the applicable margin by 1.25%, (iii) with

11



respect to the Term Loan Facility, determine the applicable margin in accordance with a pricing grid based on our consolidated total leverage ratio following delivery of financial statements at the end of each fiscal year or quarter, as applicable, after the second quarter of fiscal year 2013, (iv) revise the quarterly principal payments from $1,319.0 to $1,337.5 starting in June 30, 2013 and (v) extend the 1% repricing call protection from June 6, 2013 to October 26, 2013. There were no other changes in the terms and conditions. The loans with certain lenders in the bank syndicate had been determined to be extinguished under FASB ASC Topics 470-50, Modifications and Extinguishments. As a result, the Company recorded a loss on early extinguishment on certain debt amounting to $3.3 million during the period, representing unamortized debt discount, unamortized debt issue costs and certain costs related to the extinguished debt. The loss on early extinguishment of debt is included in interest expense in the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

In connection with the April 2013 Refinancing, the Company incurred lenders' fees of $6.7 million, representing call premium. Of the $6.7 million, $5.8 million was recorded as part of original issue discount and presented as net of debt in the unaudited interim condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2013. Other third party costs of $0.1 million, representing legal costs, were recorded as an expense for the nine month period ended September 30, 2013.

The remaining lenders' fees of $0.9 million related to the debt extinguished has been expensed as part of interest expense in the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss for the nine month period ended September 30, 2013 and is presented under cash flows from operating activities in the Company’s unaudited interim condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the nine month period ended September 30, 2013.

10.625% Senior Notes due 2020

The Notes, which were issued under an indenture, dated June 6, 2012 ( the “Indenture”, as supplemented by the First Supplemental Indenture whereby Truven became a party to the Indenture as successor in interest to Wolverine and the Second Supplemental Indenture referred to below, the “Second Supplemental Indenture”), with The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. as trustee, bear interest at a rate of 10.625% per annum, payable on June 1 and December 1 of each year (commencing on December 1, 2012), and have a maturity date of June 1, 2020.
 
The Notes are general unsecured senior obligations of Truven, fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior unsecured basis by Truven Holding Corp. and each of Truven’s existing and future wholly-owned domestic restricted subsidiaries (of which there currently are none) that is a borrower under or that guarantees the obligations under the Senior Credit Facility or any other indebtedness of Truven or any other guarantor.

Truven may redeem some or all of the Notes at any time prior to June 1, 2016 at 100% of the principal amount thereof plus the applicable premium pursuant to the Indenture as of the applicable redemption date, plus accrued and unpaid interest and any additional interest to, but excluding, the applicable redemption date. Truven may redeem some or all of the Notes at any time on or after June 1, 2016 at 105.313% of the principal amount thereof, declining ratably to 100% of the principal amount thereof on or after June 1, 2018, plus, in each case, accrued and unpaid interest and any additional interest to, but excluding, the applicable redemption date. In addition, at any time prior to June 1, 2015, Truven (subject to certain conditions) may redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the Notes using net cash proceeds from certain equity offerings at 110.625% of the aggregate principal amount of the Notes plus accrued and unpaid interest and any additional interest, to, but excluding, the applicable redemption date. If Truven experiences a change of control (as defined in the Indenture), it will be required to make an offer to repurchase the Notes at a price in cash equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, and any additional interest, to, but excluding, the date of purchase.

The Indenture contains covenants limiting Truven and its restricted subsidiaries with respect to other indebtedness, investments, liens, dividends, purchases or redemptions of stock, transactions with affiliates and mergers and sales of assets. The Indenture also contains covenants limiting the ability of wholly-owned restricted subsidiaries to guarantee payment of any indebtedness of Truven or any subsidiary guarantor and limiting the Company’s business and operations. We are in compliance with all of these covenants as of September 30, 2013.


12



On June 5, 2013, we entered into the second supplemental indenture (the “Second Supplemental Indenture”), whereby the guarantee release provision in Section 10.2(d)(1)(B) of the Indenture, which allows guarantors to be released from their obligations under the Indenture upon the release or discharge of such guarantor’s guarantee of the Senior Credit Facility or the guarantee which resulted in the creation of the guarantee under the Indenture (subject to certain limitations), was amended to apply only to subsidiary guarantors and not to Truven Holding.

Pursuant to a registration rights agreement dated June 6, 2012, we agreed (i) to use commercially reasonable efforts to file with the SEC an exchange offer registration statement pursuant to which we will exchange the Old Notes (and related guarantees) for a like aggregate principal amount of new registered notes, which are identical in all material respects to the Old Notes, except for certain provisions, among others, relating to additional interest and transfer restrictions (the “Exchange Notes”) (and related guarantees) or (ii) under certain circumstances, to use commercially reasonable efforts to file a shelf registration statement with the SEC with respect to the Old Notes (and related guarantees), in each case by March 3, 2013. We did not file the required registration statement for the Notes by March 3, 2013, and consequently, we were required to pay additional penalty interest of 0.25% per annum for the 90 day period commencing March 4, 2013, and an additional 0.25% with respect to each subsequent 90 day period, in each case until and including the date the exchange offer is completed, up to a maximum increase of 1.00% per annum.

On June 26, 2013, the exchange offer registration statement was declared effective by the SEC. On July 31, 2013, Truven closed its offer to exchange up to $327,150 aggregate principal amount of its 10.625% Senior Notes, Series B, due 2020 (the “Exchange Notes”), which have been registered under the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), for its outstanding 10.625% Senior Notes, Series A, due 2020 (the “Old Notes”) that were originally issued on June 6, 2012, in a transaction exempt from registration under the Securities Act and state securities laws. Truven accepted for exchange all $327,150 aggregate principal amount of the Old Notes tendered. As of August 1, 2013, the interest rate on the new Exchange Notes reverted to 10.625%.

As of September 30, 2013, we had incurred and accrued additional penalty interest of $318.1 of which $197.6 had been paid.

As of September 30, 2013, principal maturities of long-term debt for the next five years and thereafter consist of:

2014
$
5,350

2015
5,350

2016
5,350

2017
5,350

2018
5,350

Thereafter
825,775

 
$
852,525

5.
Other Operating Expenses
The components of other operating expenses include the following:
 
Three months
ended September 30,
Three months ended September 30,
 
2013
2012
 
Successor
Severance and retention bonuses
$
348

$
7,592

Acquisition related costs
7,289

2,448

Other
641

625

Total other operating expenses
$
8,278

$
10,665


13




 
Nine months ended September 30,
From inception (April 20, 2012) to September 30,
 
 
January 1, 2012 to June 6,
 
2013
2012
 
 
2012
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
Disposal related costs
$

$

 
 
$
9,818

Severance and retention bonuses
3,147

9,704

 
 
7,741

Acquisition related costs
23,683

29,879

 
 

Other
1,948

833

 
 
1,244

Total other operating expenses
$
28,778

$
40,416

 
 
$
18,803


Predecessor
Disposal related costs in the Predecessor Period are primarily comprised of audit services, accounting and consulting services and legal fees related to TRUSI's disposal of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare business. Severance and retention bonuses in the Predecessor Period include severances of employees in connection with the planned disposal of TRHI. Prior to the Acquisition, on March 31, 2012, the Predecessor Parent entered into a retention agreement (the “Retention Agreement”) with key TRHI employees in conjunction with the disposal of the business. Pursuant to the Retention Agreement, the Predecessor Parent agreed to provide for retention and bonus payment to certain employees based on a percentage of salary and targeted transaction price, respectively. The payment was contingent upon the employees continuing services to the buyer after the Acquisition for periods ranging from 90 days to one year. Although the Predecessor Parent retains the legal and contractual obligation to pay the employees, the compensation expense was recorded in the period when the service was performed and was allocated in proportion to the days of service in both Predecessor and Successor Periods. As a result, for the period from April 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012, (Predecessor) TRHI recorded $5.8 million of retention and bonuses expense against Net Investment of Predecessor Parent. The compensation which was paid by Predecessor Parent was deemed an investment contribution.
Successor
Acquisition related costs include costs incurred related to technology and other costs in connection with the Company's transition into a standalone business. For the three months ended September 30, 2013, acquisition related costs included $4.7 million of expenses incurred mainly as a result of separating our IT infrastructure from Predecessor Parent, $1.1 million of costs related to the transitional services agreement with Thomson Reuters, and $1.5 million related to consulting and other professional fees. For the nine months ended September 30, 2013, acquisition related costs included $10.8 million of expenses associated with data center migration and separation of infrastructure from Predecessor Parent, $9.3 million of costs related to the transitional services agreement with Thomson Reuters and $3.6 million related to rebranding, and consulting and professional fees. For the three months ended September 30, 2012, acquisition related costs included $2.0 million of costs relating to legal, finance, consulting, and professional fees and $0.4 million of disentanglement costs. For the Successor period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012, acquisition related costs consisted of $12.0 million of transaction fees from Veritas, $17.5 million of direct acquisition costs consisting of legal, finance, consulting and professional fees and $0.4 million of disentanglement costs.

Severance and retention bonuses primarily relate to the Acquisition of TRHI. As discussed above, prior to the Acquisition, on March 31, 2012, the Predecessor Parent entered into the Retention Agreement with key TRHI employees in conjunction with the disposal of the business. The compensation expense was recorded in the period when the service was performed and was allocated in proportion to the days of service in both Predecessor and Successor Periods. For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013, the three month period ended September 30, 2012 and the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012, Truven recorded $0, $1.4 million, $6.0 million and $8.1 million of retention and bonus expense, respectively, against Additional Paid In Capital in the Equity section of the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The compensation paid by Predecessor Parent on behalf of Truven was deemed a capital contribution.


14



The Sponsor advisory fees are included in other expenses and represent fees paid to the Sponsor under the advisory agreement the Company entered into with the Sponsor in connection with the Acquisition (see Note 8).

6.    Segment Information
The Company operates and manages its business through three reportable segments: Payer, Hospitals and Clinicians. The determination of reportable segments was based on the discrete financial information provided to the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”). The Chief Executive Officer has the authority for resource allocation and assessment of the Company’s performance and is, therefore, the CODM. The accounting policies for the reportable segments are the same as those for the combined Company. The Company’s operations and customers are based primarily in the United States. Each segment also offers distinct integrated products and services related to data analytics and solution platforms offered to customers or groups of similar customers. Results from operating activities represent the profit earned by each segment without allocation of central administrative revenues and expenses, financial income and expenses and income tax benefit and expense. The Company's segments are as follows:
Payer
The Payer segment provides information and solutions to various customer channels, such as employers/health plans, pharmaceutical companies, the federal government, and state governments, to improve the cost and quality of healthcare. These solutions focus on care and risk management, which enhance benefit design, medical cost trend management, disease management, network design and quality management processes in healthcare payer and purchasing organizations.

Hospitals
The Hospitals segment provides data, analytics, solutions and value‑added services to healthcare providers. These solutions benchmark customer data and evaluate customers’ performance against peer organizations. Typical benchmarks include costs, operational efficiencies, clinical performance and re-admissions.
Clinicians
The Clinicians segment delivers high value content, solutions and sophisticated decision support tools to nurses, physicians and pharmacists. These solutions and tools are aimed at improving patient care, reducing medication errors and enhancing disease and condition management.
Segment information for the three months ended September 30, 2013 and September 30, 2012 (Successor) is as follows:
 
Three months ended September 30, 2013
 
Successor
 
Revenues
Depreciation
and
Amortization
(1)
Segment
Operating
Income
(Expense)
Payer
$
65,286

$
6,819

$
8,824

Hospitals
31,138

3,885

4,019

Clinicians
27,170

2,946

7,436

Segment totals
123,594

13,650

20,279

Center/Other(2)   


86

 
$
123,594

$
13,650

$
20,365



15



 
Three months ended September 30, 2012
 
Successor
 
Revenues
Depreciation
and
Amortization
(1)
Segment
Operating
Income
(Expense)
Payer
$
57,625

$
4,415

$
8,292

Hospitals
24,642

2,555

480

Clinicians
18,683

1,947

332

Segment totals
100,950

8,917

9,104

Center/Other(2)


(1,533)

 
$
100,950

$
8,917

$
7,571

 
(1)    Depreciation and amortization expense includes the depreciation of hardware and other tangible assets and the amortization of developed technology and content, but excludes the amortization of other identifiable intangible assets because the CODM during both the Predecessor and Successor Periods did not consider this item when allocating resources and assessing performance.
(2)    Center/Other costs consist of items that are not directly attributable to reportable segments, such as marketing, technical support, executive, administrative costs and allocations from the Predecessor Parent. Center/Other includes the elimination of intercompany transactions.
The following table reconciles segment operating income per the reportable segment information to loss before income taxes per the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.
 
Three months ended September 30,
Three months ended September 30,
 
2013
2012
 
Successor
Segment operating income
$
20,365

$
7,571

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets
(8,615
)
(8,614
)
Other operating expenses
(8,278
)
(10,665
)
Operating income (loss)
3,472

(11,708
)
Interest expense
(16,661
)
(19,431
)
Unrealized foreign exchange loss
(19
)

Loss before income taxes
$
(13,208
)
$
(31,139
)

Segment information for the nine months ended September 30, 2013, from inception (April 20, 2012) to September 30, 2012 (Successor), and January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012 (Predecessor) is as follows:
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2013
 
Successor
 
Revenues
Depreciation
and
Amortization
(1)
Segment
Operating
Income
(Expense)
Payer
$
189,904

$
19,161

$
24,366

Hospitals
92,492

11,024

12,535

Clinicians
81,085

7,898

22,538

Segment totals
363,481

38,083

59,439

Center/Other(2)   


(8,461
)
 
$
363,481

$
38,083

$
50,978


16



 
From inception (April 20, 2012) to September 30, 2012
 
Successor
 
Revenues
Depreciation
and
Amortization
(1)
Segment
Operating
Income
(Expense)
Payer
$
70,864

$
5,536

$
9,871

Hospitals
31,187

3,203

673

Clinicians
22,212

2,441

(330)

Segment totals
124,263

11,180

10,214

Center/Other(2)


(3,236)

 
$
124,263

$
11,180

$
6,978


 
January 1 to June 6, 2012
 
Predecessor
 
Revenues
Depreciation
and
Amortization
(1)
Segment
Operating
Income
(Expense)
Payer
$
106,482

$
9,539

$
15,411

Hospitals
53,236

5,520

8,222

Clinicians
49,277

4,206

14,347

Segment totals
208,995

19,265

37,980

Center/Other(2)   
3


(23,390
)
 
$
208,998

$
19,265

$
14,590


(1)    Depreciation and amortization expense includes the depreciation of hardware and other tangible assets and the amortization of developed technology and content, but excludes the amortization of other identifiable intangible assets because the CODM during both the Predecessor and Successor Periods did not consider this item when allocating resources and assessing performance.
(2)    Center/Other costs consist of items that are not directly attributable to reportable segments, such as marketing, technical support, executive, administrative costs and allocations from the Predecessor Parent. Center/Other includes the elimination of intercompany transactions.
The following table reconciles segment operating income per the reportable segment information to loss before income taxes per the unaudited interim condensed consolidated and combined statements of comprehensive loss.
 
Nine months ended September 30,
From inception (April 20, 2012) to September 30,
 
 
January 1, 2012 to June 6,
 
2013
2012
 
 
2012
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
Segment operating income
$
50,978

$
6,978

 
 
$
14,590

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets
(25,845
)
(10,912
)
 
 
(8,226
)
Other operating expenses
(28,778
)
(40,416
)
 
 
(18,803
)
Operating loss
(3,645
)
(44,350
)
 
 
(12,439
)
Interest income


 
 
3

Interest expense
(54,753
)
(24,446
)
 
 

Unrealized foreign exchange loss
(472
)

 
 

Loss before income taxes
$
(58,870
)
$
(68,796
)
 
 
$
(12,436
)


17



Reportable segment asset information is not disclosed because it is not reviewed by the CODM for purposes of evaluating performance and allocating resources.

7.     Share-based Compensation

Share-based compensation expense amounted to $371 and $0 for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Share-based compensation expense amounted to $1,137, $2,519 and $0 for the nine month period ended September 30, 2013, for the period spanning January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012 and for the period spanning April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012, respectively.

Predecessor
The Predecessor Parent maintained a number of equity-settled share-based compensation awards under which it received services from employees as consideration for equity instruments of the Predecessor Parent. Certain of TRHI’s employees held and participated in the Predecessor Parent’s share-based compensation awards. In connection with the Acquisition, any unvested share-based payments held by TRHI employees became fully vested or had vested on a pro-rata basis in proportion to the performance period that ended at the date of the Acquisition. As of June 6, 2012, all outstanding options held by TRHI employees were exercisable. TRHI employees were given six months from the date of the closing of the Acquisition during which to exercise the options. During the Predecessor period ended June 6, 2012, no options were exercised. Share-based compensation expense amounted $1,870 for the period from April 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012 and $2,519 for the period from January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012.

Following the closing of the Acquisition on June 6, 2012, Truven has no share-based payment plan related to the plans administered by our Predecessor.

Successor

In October 2012, the Company’s immediate parent, Holdings LLC, established a compensation award in accordance with the Operating Agreement to provide Class B Membership Interests in Holdings LLC to certain executive officers of the Company which shall not exceed 6.25% in the aggregate. The membership interest will vest 20% on each of the first five anniversaries of June 6, 2012, so that 100% of each awardees’ outstanding Class B Membership Interests will vest on June 6, 2017. In addition, 100% of each Class B Membership Interests may vest in certain circumstances in connection with a change in control as defined in the Operating Agreement.

Each Class B Membership Interest represents the right to receive a percentage of the distribution made by Holdings LLC when such distributions are actually made and such distributions exceed specified internal rates of return thresholds. There are transfer restrictions on the Class B Membership Interests and the executive officers would forfeit the unvested interest upon termination of employment. A summary of the Class B Membership Interests is as follows:

 
Ownership interest (%)
Fair value at grant date
Balance at December 31, 2012
4.1

$
5,714

Granted
0.6

867

Forfeited
(0.4
)
(502
)
Balance at September 30, 2013
4.3

$
6,079

Outstanding and vested as of September 30, 2013
0.8

$
1,143


The fair value at the date of grant was based upon the value of the Class B Membership Interests of Holdings LLC less a marketability discount since there is no active market to trade Class B Membership Interests. The marketability discount was determined using a geometric average rate put option model and a Black Scholes put option model using

18



the expected term, risk-free rate, and volatility for liquidity terms. The value was determined as of the grant date based upon a number of factors, including the amount of investment made in exchange for Class B Membership Interests of Holdings LLC by Veritas Capital and certain members of management of the Company.

The Company recognized compensation expense against additional paid in capital of $371 and $1,137, net of an estimated forfeiture rate of 10%, for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013, respectively, which is recorded in General and administrative expense in the Company’s unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

The total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested Class B Membership Interest is expected to be recognized over the next 4.5 years is $4,116.

As of September 30, 2013, 0.8% of Class B Membership Interest has vested with the estimated fair value of $1,185.

8.
Related Party Transactions
Predecessor
Our Predecessor utilized various wholly-owned affiliates of Thomson Reuters to provide administrative services and to finance its operations. In accordance with Securities and Exchange Commission Staff Accounting Bulletin 1-B, “Allocation of Expenses and Related Disclosure in Financial Statements of Subsidiaries, Divisions or Lesser Business Components of Another Entity,” the unaudited interim condensed consolidated and combined financial statements include an allocation of the Predecessor Parent's corporate expenses to our Predecessor, which principally consisted of personnel costs, including salaries, employee benefits and share-based compensation expenses. These costs relate to the corporate executive offices, audit fees, legal services, treasury, communications, human resources, tax services, risk management, technology support, rent and other costs incurred by the Predecessor Parent and its subsidiaries on behalf of our Predecessor. Costs were allocated to the Company based primarily on the proportional revenue. The amounts allocated to the Company for the period ended June 6, 2012, are presented in the unaudited interim condensed combined statement of comprehensive loss as follows:
 
Predecessor
 
April 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012
 
January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012
Cost of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization
$
2,254

 
$
4,868

Allocation of costs from Predecessor Parent and affiliates
2,550

 
10,003

 
$
4,804

 
$
14,871

The allocations included within “Cost of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization” comprised technology support administered by the Predecessor Parent related to customer data. Allocations were generally computed based on usage metrics.
The Company believes the assumptions and methodologies underlying the allocations of general corporate overhead from Predecessor Parent were reasonable. However, such expenses may not be indicative of the actual expenses that would have been or will be incurred by TRHI or Truven operating as an independent company. As a result, the financial information herein may not necessarily reflect the combined financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Company in the future or what it would have been if TRHI or Truven had been an independent company during the periods presented.
If TRHI or Truven had operated independently of the Predecessor Parent, it is possible that the terms and conditions of these related party transactions, and the resulting amounts recorded, would have been different from those presented in these unaudited interim condensed consolidated and combined financial statements.

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Immediately prior to the Acquisition, a related legal entity, Thomson Reuters Applications, Inc. ("TR Apps"), legally transferred certain fixed assets to TRHI for consideration of $15,975, which was settled via our net intercompany position.  Pursuant to the applicable tax law, while TRHI and TR Apps are part of the same consolidated tax return, no gain/loss or step-up in tax basis was recognized at the time of transfer.  At the close of the Acquisition on June 6, 2012, TRHI ceased to be part of the consolidated tax return group, which resulted in a step up in tax basis for the TR Apps assets.
Successor
The Company entered into an advisory agreement with the Sponsor, under which the Sponsor provided certain advisory services to the Company. As compensation for the services, the Company paid a transaction fee at the closing of the Acquisition and will continue to pay the Sponsor an annual advisory fee which will be equal to an aggregate amount equal to the greater of (i) $2.5 million and (ii) 2.0% of consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the credit agreement governing our Senior Credit Facility), as well as transaction fees on future acquisitions, divestitures, financings and liquidity events, which will be determined based upon aggregate equity investments at the time of such future events or on the value of the transaction. For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013, the three month period ended September 30, 2012 and the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012, the Company recorded an expense of $0.6 million, $1.9 million, $0.6 million, $0.8 million, respectively, which represented the Sponsor advisory fee and is presented within other operating expenses in the Company's unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. As of September 30, 2013, there was no accounts payable to the Sponsor included in the accounts payable and accrued expenses account.
After the Acquisition, the Company continued to receive certain administrative services (including facilities management, human resource management, finance and accounting operations, treasury, sourcing and procurement and IT services, among other services necessary for the conduct of the business) from Thomson Reuters under the terms of the Transitional Services Agreement. Such services are reflected as third-party activity in the Successor's financial statements. As of September 30, 2013, we have substantially completed our administrative infrastructure, and most of these functions have been assumed by us or by third parties on our behalf including the hosting services of certain technology infrastructure. The expense incurred under this service agreement for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013, the three month period ended September 30, 2012 and the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012, totaled $0.6 million, $9.9 million, $5.3 million and $6.7 million, respectively, which is included in the other operating expenses in the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.
The Company also entered into a reverse transitional services agreement with TRUSI pursuant to which we provide TRUSI with office space and facilities management services at several locations in the United States. Pursuant to the agreement, we will provide these services for certain pre-determined periods ranging from one year to approximately 22 months, with all such services to end by March 31, 2014. The Company is entitled to fees for each of the services provided for any services requested by the Stock Seller. The income recognized under this service agreement for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013, the three month period ended September 30, 2012 and the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012, totaled of $0.1 million, $0.6 million, $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively, which is recorded as a reduction to general and administrative expense in the Company's unaudited interim condensed consolidated and combined statement of comprehensive loss.

During the first quarter of 2013, Truven Holding Corp. received $1,950 of additional capital contribution from VCPH Holdings LLC, its direct parent company.

9.
Income Taxes
In the Predecessor period, income tax provisions for the interim period are based on annual estimated tax rates as if the businesses were standalone entities and filed separate income tax returns.

Following the Acquisition, income tax provisions for interim periods are based on estimated annual income tax rates, adjusted to reflect the effects of any significant infrequent or unusual items which are required to be discretely recognized within the current interim period. The Company’s intention is to permanently reinvest its foreign earnings outside of the United States. As a result, the effective tax rates in the periods presented are largely based upon the projected annual

20



pre-tax earnings by jurisdiction and the allocation of certain expenses in various taxing jurisdictions where the Company conducts its business. These taxing jurisdictions apply a broad range of statutory income tax rates.

Income tax benefit (expense) for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013, the three month period ended September 30, 2012, the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012, and the period from January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012 had an effective tax rate of 36.8%, 37.2%, 35.5%, 33.0%, and 38.6%, respectively, and is different from the amount derived by applying the federal statutory tax rate of 35%, mainly due to the impact of certain state income taxes and non deductible expenses. The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to U.S. federal income tax as well as income taxes of multiple states and foreign jurisdictions.

10.     Commitment and Contingencies
Leases

Operating Leases
The Company occupies certain facilities and uses operating equipment under noncancelable operating lease arrangements expiring at various dates through 2021. Future minimum lease payments under these leases are as follows:
For the period ending September 30,
 
2014
$
10,002

2015
9,778

2016
9,054

2017
5,896

2018
4,091

Thereafter
7,923

 
 
 
$
46,744

 
 
Rent expense was $3.1 million and $8.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively. Rent expense was $2.6 million, $3.3 million, and $4.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012, for the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012 and for the period from January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012, respectively.
Capital Leases
In March 2013, the Company entered into a computer hardware lease arrangement that is classified as a capital lease. The net book value of the computer hardware classified as capital leases included in the computer hardware and other property account in the balance sheet amounted to $1.5 million, net of accumulated depreciation of $0.3 million.

As of September 30, 2013, the future minimum lease payments under capital leases which are payable within a one year period amounted to $972. The present value of net minimum payments excluding the amount representing interest amounted to $946.
Security and Guarantee Agreements
The Company has entered into guarantee and security arrangements in respect of its indebtedness as described in Note 4.
Contractual Commitments
Revenue Sharing Agreement
Effective January 1, 2013, the Company modified its agreement with a supplier under which it markets and licenses to its customers a private label version of the supplier's platform solution in conjunction with the Company's health information applications. The agreement contains a revenue share arrangement based on net revenue targets. The

21



supplier's revenue share percentage is guaranteed by the Company in the minimum amounts of $2 million, $4 million and $6 million, for the calendar years 2013, 2014 and 2015, respectively. The guaranteed revenue share is paid in advance by the Company on March 1st of each calendar year and is applied against the revenue share of the supplier earned through March 1st of the following calendar year. The agreement provides a grace period for the Company of up to August 31st of the following calendar year in the event that the supplier's revenue share earned does not reach the prepayment amount. After the grace period, if the revenue share earned does not meet the target then the entire prepayment amount is deemed earned by the supplier. As of September 30, 2013, the balance remaining amounted to $2 million that was paid in 2013.
Litigation and Legal Proceedings
Truven has been named as a defendant in approximately 225 separate pharmaceutical tort lawsuits relating to the use of Reglan or its generic version, the first of which was filed in June 2010 and the rest of which were filed in March 2012. All of these actions are pending in the Court of Common Pleas in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. In these matters, the plaintiffs complain that they sustained various injuries (including neurological disorders) as a result of their ingestion of Reglan. While a host of drug manufacturers and pharmacies are named as defendants in each of the suits, claims have also been asserted against so-called “Patient Education Monograph” (“PEM”) defendants, including us. It is generally alleged in all of the actions that certain PEM defendants provided Reglan patient drug information to pharmacies which, in turn, provided that drug information to the pharmacies' customers, the plaintiffs in these actions. Plaintiffs further allege that the PEM defendants' patient drug information did not provide adequate warning information about the use of Reglan. Other PEM defendants have also been named in these and other similar actions. In general, the lawsuits have been procedurally consolidated in Philadelphia as mass tort actions. To date, none of the actions against Truven specifically identifies Truven as the author of a PEM that was supplied to a plaintiff. Instead, plaintiffs in these cases allege only that they read an unnamed PEM and, in effect, that it must have been published by at least one of the PEM defendants named in the action.

Along with other PEM defendants, Truven made one dispositive motion to dismiss all the actions. While that motion to dismiss has been denied, it was without prejudice, permitting Truven to renew at a later stage in the litigation.

All of these actions were stayed pending the resolution of an appeal by the co-defendant generic drug company defendants; while the appeal was decided against the generic drug companies, this decision will not affect the continuation of the actions against us. At this time, management believes that Truven has meritorious defenses to the claims in each of these actions.

The Company is also a party to certain legal proceedings arising from the normal course of its operations. Related reserves are recorded when it is probable that liabilities exist and where reasonable estimates of such liabilities can be made. While it is not possible to predict the outcome of any of these proceedings, the Company's management, based on its assessment of the facts and circumstances now known, does not believe that any of these proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

11.     Fair Value Measurement

Fair value is defined under the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic of the Codification, FASB ASC 820, as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value under FASB ASC 820 must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The standard established a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, as follows:

• Level 1—Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. These are typically obtained from real-time quotes for transactions in active exchange markets involving identical assets.


22



• Level 2—Inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, which are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. These are typically obtained from readily-available pricing sources for comparable instruments.

• Level 3—Unobservable inputs, where there is little or no market activity for the asset or liability. These inputs reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions of the data that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, based on the best information available in the circumstances.

For purposes of financial reporting, the Company has determined that the fair value of financial instruments including accounts receivable and accounts payable approximates carrying value at September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012.
 
At September 30, 2013, the carrying amounts and fair values of the Senior Credit Facility, revolver and 10.625% Senior Notes were as follows:
 
 
 
Fair values
 
Carrying amounts
 
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Senior Term Loan
$
517,515

 
$

$
533,656

$

Revolver
15,000

 

15,000


10.625% Senior Notes
325,360

 

361,501


At December 31, 2012, the carrying amounts and fair values of the Senior Credit and 10.625% Senior Notes were as follows:
 
 
 
Fair values
 
Carrying amounts
 
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Senior Term Loan
$
512,813

 
$

$
528,242

$

10.625% Senior Notes
325,159

 

348,415



Our level 2 inputs are determined based on quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant inputs are observable in the market or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the liabilities. Where applicable, these models project future cash flows and discount the future amounts to a present value using market-based observable inputs including interest rate curves.

12.     Subsequent Events

In November 2013, a technology vendor verbally indicated that certain license fees relating to technology used in our business may not have been paid by us to the vendor following completion of the Acquisition. To date, the vendor has not quantified the amount of the fees that it believes may be due and we have not received other supporting information from the vendor. We are scheduled to have a further discussion with the vendor concerning this matter during the fourth quarter of the current fiscal year. While the Company could be liable to the vendor in connection with this matter, based on the preliminary nature of the communications to date, we are unable to estimate the amount of such contingent liability, if any, at this time.
 
There have been no other events subsequent to September 30, 2013, which would require accrual or disclosure in these unaudited interim condensed consolidated and combined financial statements.


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13.     Unaudited Supplemental Guarantor Financial Information

In connection with the Acquisition, Truven issued the Notes as further described in Note 4. The Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior unsecured basis by Truven Holding Corp. and each of Truven’s existing and future wholly-owned domestic restricted subsidiaries (of which there currently are none) that is a borrower under or that guarantees the obligations under the Senior Credit Facility or any other indebtedness of Truven or any other guarantor. All obligations under the Senior Credit Facility are also guaranteed by Truven Holding Corp. and each of Truven’s wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries (of which there are currently none). All obligations under the Senior Credit Facility and the guarantees of those obligations are secured by first priority security interests in substantially all of Truven’s assets, as well as those of each guarantor (subject to certain limited exceptions).

The separate financial statements and the condensed consolidating and combining financial information about the results of operations, financial position and cash flows of the Parent, the Issuer , the Guarantors, the non-Guarantors, and eliminations are not presented due to the following:

Truven (the Issuer) is 100% owned by Truven Holding Corp. (the parent company guarantor)
The Guarantee is full and unconditional and there are no subsidiary guarantors
Truven Holding Corp. has no independent assets or operations.
The transaction costs related to the Acquisition of $26,734 were incurred and paid for by Wolverine, which was merged with and into TRHI, with TRHI surviving the Merger upon closing of the Acquisition as a 100% owned direct subsidiary of Truven Holding Corp. and subsequently changed its name to Truven Health Analytics Inc.
The subsidiaries of Truven Holding Corp. other than Truven, which were newly formed in the fourth quarter of 2012, are minor (as defined in Section 3-10(h)(6) of Regulation S-X of the Securities Act), having total assets, stockholders’ equity, revenues, operating income (before income taxes) and cash flows from operating activities of less than 3% of the Company’s corresponding consolidated amounts.


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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations covers periods prior to and including the closing of the Acquisition on June 6, 2012 (the Predecessor Period) and periods from the inception of Truven Holding (April 20, 2012 onwards), and the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013, which was after the closing of the Acquisition (the Successor Period). Accordingly, the discussion and analysis of the Predecessor Period does not reflect the significant impact that the Acquisition had on us, including, without limitation, increased leverage, the impact of acquisition accounting and debt service requirements. You should read the following discussion and analysis in conjunction with our unaudited interim condensed consolidated and combined financial statements as of September 30, 2013, and the related notes thereto included elsewhere in this quarterly report. The Successor's unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements for the period ended September 30, 2013 represent the consolidated financial position of Truven Holding and its subsidiaries. This discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that are based on management's current expectations, estimates and projections about our business and operations. Our actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated and expressed in such forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. References to “Predecessor Period” refer to all periods prior to and including the date of the closing of the Acquisition on June 6, 2012. References to “Successor Period” refer to the period beginning on April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012 and all periods from January 1, 2013 to September 30, 2013.

Overview
We are a leading provider of healthcare data and analytics solutions and services to key constituents in the U.S. healthcare system, including federal government agencies, state government agencies, employers and health plans, hospitals, clinicians and pharmaceutical companies. Our solutions and services empower our customers to make decisions to improve the cost, performance and quality of healthcare through data and data analytics.
On April 23, 2012, VCPH Holding Corp. (now known as Truven Holding, the “Company”), an affiliate of Veritas Capital (the “Sponsor”), entered into the Stock and Asset Purchase Agreement with Thomson Reuters U.S. Inc. (“TRUSI”) and Thomson Reuters Global Resources, both affiliates of the Thomson Reuters Corporation (“Thomson Reuters”) (“the Stock and Asset Purchase Agreement”), which VCPH Holding Corp. assigned to Wolverine on May 24, 2012. Pursuant to the Stock and Asset Purchase Agreement, on June 6, 2012, Wolverine acquired 100% of the equity interests of Thomson Reuters (Healthcare) Inc. (“TRHI”) and certain other assets and liabilities of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare business (the “Acquisition”). Upon the closing of the Acquisition, Wolverine merged with and into TRHI, with TRHI surviving the Merger as a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of VCPH Holding Corp. (now known as Truven Holding), and subsequently changed its name to Truven Health Analytics Inc. (“Truven”). Following the Merger, the assets and liabilities acquired are now held by Truven (formerly TRHI), which remains a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of Truven Holding. Truven Holding was formed on April 20, 2012 for the purpose of consummating the Acquisition. We financed the Acquisition and paid related costs and expenses associated with the Acquisition and the financing as follows: (i) approximately $464.4 million in common equity was contributed by entities affiliated with the Sponsor and certain co-investors; (ii) $527.6 million principal amount was borrowed under the Term Loan Facility; and (iii) $327.1 million principal amount of Notes were issued.
In connection with the offering of the Notes and the Acquisition, VCPH Holding Corp. (now known as Truven Holding) and Wolverine entered into the Senior Credit Facility, which consisted of (i) the $527.6 million Term Loan Facility and (ii) the $50.0 million Revolving Credit Facility. In connection with the Merger, Truven succeeded to the obligations of Wolverine under (i) the credit agreement that governs our Senior Credit Facility and (ii) the indenture that governs the Notes.
Successor - The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013, and unaudited interim statements of equity and cash flows for the nine month period ended September 30, 2013, include the accounts of Truven Holding Corp. as of and for each respective date and period. The consolidated financial statements of the Successor reflect the Acquisition under the acquisition method of accounting, in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 850, Business Combinations.

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Predecessor - The accompanying unaudited interim condensed combined financial statements of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare business (our “Predecessor”) prior to the Acquisition on June 6, 2012, include the unaudited interim condensed combined financial statements of TRHI and certain assets owned by subsidiaries of Thomson Reuters Corporation (“Thomson Reuters” or the “Predecessor Parent”).

The unaudited interim condensed combined financial statements of our Predecessor and the condensed consolidated financial statements of the Successor included in this interim report have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the Unites States of America (“GAAP”). The unaudited interim condensed combined financial statements of our Predecessor have been derived from the accounting records of Thomson Reuters using historical results of operations and the historical bases of assets and liabilities, adjusted as necessary to conform to GAAP. All significant transactions between our Predecessor and other Thomson Reuters entities are included in our Predecessor's unaudited interim condensed combined financial statements. Management believes the assumptions underlying our Predecessor's unaudited interim condensed combined financial statements are reasonable. However, the condensed and combined financial statements may not necessarily reflect what our Predecessor's results of operations, financial position and cash flows would have been had it operated as a standalone company without the shared resources of Thomson Reuters for the periods presented and may not be indicative of our future results of operations, financial position and cash flows. See "Risk Factors - Risks related to our Organization and Structure" in our Form S-4/A.

Our segments
We operate and manage our business through three reportable segments. The determination of reportable segments was based on the discrete financial information about each operating segment that is regularly reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) in order to allocate resources to the segment and to assess its performance.
The Chief Executive Officer has the authority for resource allocation and assessment of the Company's performance and is therefore the CODM. The CODM evaluates the performance of the segments based on segment operating income.
The Company's business segments, which primarily operate in the United States, are as follows:
Payer- The Payer segment provides information and solutions to employers and health plans, pharmaceutical companies, the federal government and state governments to improve the cost and quality of healthcare. These solutions focus on care and risk management, which enhance diagnosis and treatment decisions.
Hospitals- The Hospitals segment provides data, analytics, solutions and value added services to healthcare providers. These solutions benchmark customer data and evaluate the customer's performance against peer organizations. Typical benchmarks include costs, operational efficiencies, clinical performance and re-admissions.

Clinicians- The Clinicians segment delivers high value content, solutions and sophisticated decision support tools primarily to hospitals and health systems for use by nurses, physicians and pharmacists. These solutions and tools are aimed at improving patient care, reducing medication errors and enhancing disease and condition management.

Standalone company
Before the Acquisition, our Predecessor historically engaged in extensive intercompany transactions with Thomson Reuters and its subsidiaries relative to certain support services, including, among others, finance and accounting, treasury, tax, transaction processing, information technology, legal, human resources, payroll, insurance and real estate management. Thomson Reuters allocated costs to our Predecessor for the provision of these services. These amounts are presented within “Allocation of costs from Predecessor Parent and affiliates” in our Predecessor's combined statement of comprehensive loss, except for certain data center costs that are presented in “Cost of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization.” These amounts are not necessarily representative of the amounts that would have been reflected in the condensed combined financial statements had our Predecessor operated independently of Thomson Reuters.

Under the Transitional Services Agreement that was executed in connection with the Acquisition, the Stock Seller agreed to continue to provide certain services (including, but not limited to, data hosting, management information services support, campus services support, accounts payable, general ledger and payroll systems support, human

26



resources administration support and facilities) for certain pre-determined periods and at pre-determined negotiated rates, as specified therein, depending upon the specific services to be provided. During this period, we will incur duplicate costs while using services provided to us under the Transitional Services Agreement. Such fees are, in the aggregate, in line with the allocation and direct costs reflected in our Predecessor’s statement of comprehensive loss for the period ended June 6, 2012. As of September 30, 2013, we have completed our administrative infrastructure, and most of these functions have been assumed by us or by third parties on our behalf, including hosting services of certain technology infrastructure. We have incurred $22 million in transition services spending from June 7, 2012 through September 30, 2013. We have also incurred $40 million of other costs related to our transition as a standalone company from June 7, 2012 through September 30, 2013, of which $16 million relates to capital expenditures related to data center migration, separating the IT infrastructure from our Predecessor Parent. We do not expect to incur additional costs related to separation of IT infrastructure from our Predecessor or additional fees under the Transitional Services Agreement for the remainder of 2013.

Key Factors Influencing Our Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Acquisitions, Substantial Leverage and Other Transaction-Related Effects
Truven was acquired on June 6, 2012. Our results of operations, financial position and cash flows are significantly impacted by the effects of the Acquisition, which was financed primarily through borrowings, including transaction-related debt commitment fees and recurring interest costs. In addition, from time to time, we may refinance our borrowings which also can have a significant impact on the results of our operations.
In accordance with the acquisition method of accounting, following the Acquisition on June 6, 2012, we, with the assistance of a third-party valuation firm, have estimated the fair values of acquired assets and assumed liabilities based on the actual tangible and identifiable intangible assets and liabilities that existed as of June 6, 2012. These fair values were finalized and are reflected in our balance sheet on the date of the Acquisition. In this process, we applied certain assumptions as inputs to the valuation calculations. These assumptions represent our best estimates based on historic performance of the respective reporting segments, trends within the market place and our consideration of the potential impact of political, economic and social factors that are considered beyond our control. Significant assumptions included within our discounted cash flow valuation include revenue growth rates, operating profit margins, implied rate of return used and terminal growth rates. The impact of this acquisition accounting results in certain differences between Predecessor and Successor financial statements discussed herein, and thereby affects comparability between such statements.
As of September 30, 2013, the total aggregate principal amount of our indebtedness was $874.5 million, as presented in our balance sheet, net of unamortized debt issue discounts of $16.6 million. For more information regarding our external borrowings, refer to Note 4 of the unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements for the period ended September 30, 2013, included elsewhere in this quarterly report. Our future results of operations, including our net financial expenses, will be significantly affected by our substantial indebtedness. The servicing of this indebtedness has had and will continue to have an impact on our cash flows and cash balance. For more information, refer to “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in this Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Deferred Revenue
Our revenues are derived from the sale of subscription data, analytics solutions and services. Our revenues from the sale of subscription data and analytics solutions are typically billed annually in advance and recognized on a straight-line basis over the contract term, which is typically one to three years. As a result, cash collections from customers for subscription data and analytic solutions can be greater than the revenue recognized (which only correspond to those revenues associated with services already rendered). In cases of billings in advance or advanced receipt of payments from customers, we record deferred revenue, a liability that is reduced as revenue is recognized. Our revenues from services are invoiced according to the terms of the contract, typically in arrears (after the corresponding services have been rendered), and recognized over the term of the contract. Contracts for services vary in length from a few months to several years. The carrying value of our deferred revenue as of June 6, 2012 totaled $138.7 million. Following the completion of the Acquisition, we determined, with the assistance of a third-party valuation firm, that the fair value of our deferred revenue should be adjusted to $80.2 million. As a result, deferred revenue on certain contracts of $58.5

27



million was written off, which negatively impacted our revenue in the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013, the three month period ended September 30, 2012 and the period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012, by $1.0 million, $7.9 million, $22.8 million and $31.1 million, respectively. The write-off will have a future aggregate negative impact of $7.1 million with the majority reflected over the next 12 months.

JOBS Act
On April 5, 2012, the JOBS Act was signed into law. The JOBS Act contains provisions that, among other things, reduce reporting requirements for qualifying public companies. We qualify as an “emerging growth company” pursuant to the provisions of the JOBS Act. Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an “emerging growth company” can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. In other words, an “emerging growth company” can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies.
Subject to certain conditions set forth in the JOBS Act, as an “emerging growth company,” we may choose to rely on available exemptions under the JOBS Act which includes reduced reporting requirements. See “Risk Factors—Risks related to our business—As an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act, we are permitted to, and intend to, rely on exemptions from some disclosure requirements.”

Critical Accounting Policies
Our critical accounting policies are those that we believe are most important to the presentation of our financial position and results and that require the most difficult, subjective or complex judgments. In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by GAAP with no need for the application of judgment. For more information, see Note 2 to the audited financial statements for the 2012 periods included in our Form S-4/A. In certain circumstances, the preparation of our interim condensed consolidated and combined financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to use our judgment to make certain estimates and assumptions. These estimates affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. We believe the assumptions and other considerations used to estimate amounts reflected in our Predecessor's condensed combined financial statements and Successor's condensed consolidated financial statements are appropriate. However, if actual experience differs from the assumptions and other considerations used in estimating amounts reflected in the financial statements, the resulting changes could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated and combined results of operations and financial condition. We believe the policies described below are our most critical accounting policies.
Accounting for Business Combinations
We account for business combinations, where the business is acquired from an unrelated third party, under the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with FASB ASC 805, Business Combinations, which requires the acquired assets, including separately identifiable intangible assets, and assumed liabilities to be recorded as of the acquisition date at their respective fair values. Any excess of the purchase price over the fair value of assets, including separately identifiable intangible assets and liabilities acquired, is allocated to goodwill. Goodwill is allocated to the appropriate segments which benefited from the business combination when the goodwill arose.
The allocation of the purchase price to the fair value of acquired assets and liabilities involves assessments of the expected future cash flows associated with individual assets and liabilities and appropriate discount rates as of the date of the acquisition. Where appropriate, we consult with external advisors to assist with the determination of fair value. For non-observable market values, fair value has been determined using accepted valuation principles (e.g., relief from royalty method). Subsequent changes in our assessments may trigger an impairment loss that would be recognized in the condensed statement of comprehensive income (loss).
On June 6, 2012, we acquired 100% of the equity interests of TRHI (now known as Truven) and certain other assets and liabilities of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare business for $1,249.4 million (net of cash acquired). In respect of this acquisition, we believe that the key areas of subjectivity in relation to the allocation of purchase consideration involve determining the acquisition date fair value of identifiable intangible assets, computer hardware and other property and developed technology and content, and the measurement of deferred revenue. Management has identified

28



separately identifiable intangible assets in existence as at the date of acquisition. Using market participant assumptions and recognized valuation techniques, values have been determined for these intangible assets. These valuation techniques require various assumptions including future levels of profitability; assumed royalty rates for relief from royalty valuations; and appropriate discount rates to present value the estimated cash flows. An assessment of useful lives is also required to establish future amortization expense. All of these assumptions and the resulting valuations were reviewed and approved by management.
Revenue Recognition
We recognize revenue when the (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (2) delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; (3) the fee is fixed or determinable; and (4) collectability is reasonably assured.
Subscription-Based Products
Subscription-based revenues from sales of products and services that are delivered under a contract over a period of time are recognized on a straight line basis over the term of the subscription. Where applicable, usage fees above a base period fee are recognized as services are delivered. Subscription revenue received or receivable in advance of the delivery of services or publications is included in deferred revenue.
Multiple Element Arrangements
Our multiple element arrangements are typically comprised of two deliverables: (1) the design, production, testing and installation of the customer's database and (2) the provision of ongoing data management and support services in conjunction with licensed data and software. Such deliverables are accounted for as separate units of accounting if the following criteria are met:
    For contracts entered into prior to January 1, 2011, revenue is allocated to a deliverable if vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) or third party evidence (“TPE”) for that deliverable is available. The amount allocated to each deliverable is then recognized as revenue when delivery has occurred or services have been rendered with respect to that deliverable, provided that all other relevant revenue recognition criteria are met. VSOE generally exists only when we sell the deliverables separately and is the price actually charged by us for that deliverable. For contracts entered into prior to January 1, 2011, we are not able to establish VSOE or TPE for the deliverables in our hosting arrangements. As a result, such deliverables are treated as one unit of accounting, and the revenue is recognized over the ongoing service period.
    For contracts entered into or materially modified on or after January 1, 2011, revenue is allocated to deliverables based upon the following hierarchy: (i) VSOE, (ii) TPE and (iii) best estimate of selling price (“ESP”). The objective of ESP is to determine the price at which we would offer each unit of accounting to customers if each unit were sold regularly on a standalone basis. We use a cost plus a reasonable margin approach to determine ESP for each deliverable. Revenue related to database production is recognized using a proportional performance model, with reference to labor hours. Revenue related to ongoing services is recognized on a straight line basis over the applicable service period, provided that all other relevant criteria are met. For contracts entered into on or after January 1, 2011, we were able to separate the production of the database installation deliverable and the ongoing services deliverable into two separate units of accounting given that the deliverables have value to the customer on a standalone basis. The revenue is allocated to these units of accounting based upon relative ESP.
Software-Related Products and Services
Certain arrangements include implementation services as well as term licenses to software and other software related elements, such as post contract customer support. Revenues from implementation services associated with installed software arrangements are accounted for separately from software and subscription revenues if VSOE is available for the elements in the arrangement. If the implementation services do not qualify for separate accounting, they are recognized together with the related software and subscription revenues on a straight line basis over the term of service.

29



Developed Technology and Content
Certain costs incurred in connection with software to be used internally are capitalized once a project has progressed beyond a conceptual, preliminary stage to that of application development stage. Costs which qualify for capitalization include both internal and external costs, but are limited to those that are directly related to a specific project. Developed technology and content is stated at cost less accumulated amortization. Amortization is computed based on the expected useful life of three to ten years.
Goodwill and Other Finite Lived Intangible Assets
Carrying value of goodwill in each reporting unit is formally reviewed on an annual basis or whenever events or circumstances occur for possible impairment. We consider the following to be important factors that could trigger an impairment review and may result in an impairment charge: (a) significant and sustained underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results; (b) identification of other impaired assets within a reporting unit; (c) significant and sustained adverse changes in business climate or regulations; (d) significant negative changes in senior management; (e) significant changes in the manner of use of the acquired assets or the strategy for the Company's overall business and (f) significant negative industry or economic trends. Other finite lived intangible assets are reviewed periodically whenever there is a triggering event that indicates the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Impairment reviews are performed using a discounted cash flow and market approach. The estimates and assumptions we use are consistent with the business plans and estimates we use to manage operations and to make acquisition and divestiture decisions. The use of different assumptions would increase or decrease the estimated value of future cash flows and would have increased or decreased any impairment charge taken. Future outcomes may also differ. If we fail to achieve estimated volume and pricing targets, experience unfavorable market conditions or achieve results that differ from our estimates, then revenue and cost forecasts may not be achieved and we may be required to recognize additional impairment charges.
The Company completed the impairment analysis relating to the goodwill of each reporting unit as of November 1, 2012 and concluded that there was no impairment. The resulting fair value of Payer, Hospitals and Clinicians exceeded its respective carrying value by 7%, 16% and 10%, respectively. As of September 30, 2013, there are no triggering events that would lead us to believe that the goodwill needs to be tested for impairment.
Impairment of Long Lived Assets
We periodically re-evaluate carrying values and estimated useful lives of long lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the related asset may not be recoverable. We use estimates of undiscounted cash flows from long lived assets to determine whether the book value of such assets is recoverable over the assets' remaining useful lives. If an asset is determined to be impaired, the impairment is measured by the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value. An impairment charge would have a negative impact on net income.

Income Taxes
We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of assets and liabilities. We regularly review our deferred tax assets for recoverability and establish a valuation allowance, if necessary, based on historical taxable income, projected future taxable income and the expected timing of the reversals of existing temporary differences to reduce our deferred tax assets to the amount that we believe is more likely than not to be realized. While we have considered future taxable income and ongoing prudent and feasible tax planning strategies in assessing the need for the valuation allowance, in the event we were to determine that we would not be able to realize all or part of our deferred tax assets in the future, an adjustment to the deferred tax assets would be charged to income in the period such determination was made.
We assess our uncertain tax positions quarterly to determine if reserve is necessary based on the most recent facts and circumstances. If there is a significant change in the underlying facts and circumstances or applicable tax law modifications, we may be exposed to additional benefits or expense. We account for uncertain tax positions in accordance with FASB ASC 740 relating to the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes. The guidance prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in an entity's income tax return, and also provides guidance on de-recognition, classification,

30



interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition. Our policy is to include interest and penalties in our provision for income taxes.
Other
We have made certain other estimates that, while not involving the same degree of judgment as the estimates described above, are important to understanding our financial statements. These estimates are in the areas of measuring our obligations related to our allowance for doubtful accounts, litigation accruals in the normal course of business, customers' discounts, severance and other employee benefit accruals.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-02, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). The amendments in ASU 2013-02 supersede and replace the presentation requirements for reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income in ASU 2011-05 and ASU 2011-12 for all public and private organizations. The amendments would require an entity to provide additional information about reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income. The amendments in ASU 2013-02 are effective prospectively for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2012. The Company adopted ASU 2013-02 effective January 1, 2013. The adoption of this standard has no impact on the Company’s unaudited interim condensed consolidated and combined financial statements.

In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11, Income taxes (Topic 740):Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists. The amendment requires an unrecognized tax benefit or portion of an unrecognized tax benefit to be presented as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward except when certain conditions exist. The amendment in ASU 2013-11 is effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2013, including interim periods in 2014. The adoption of this standard will not impact the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Non-GAAP Measures

Adjusted EBITDA Calculation
EBITDA is defined as net income before net interest (expense) income, provision for income taxes, and depreciation and amortization, and is used by management to measure the overall operating performance of the business at a consolidated and combined level. We also use EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as a measure to calculate certain financial covenants related to the Senior Credit Facility and as a factor in our tangible and intangible asset impairment testing. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated by adding to or subtracting from EBITDA items of expense and income as described below.

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are supplemental measures of our overall performance and our ability to service debt that are not required by, or presented in accordance with GAAP. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not measurements of our financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to net income or other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP, or as alternatives to cash flow from operating activities as measures of our liquidity. In addition, our measurements of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Management believes that the presentation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA and the ratios using EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA included in this quarterly report provide useful information to investors regarding our results of operations because they assist in analyzing and benchmarking the performance and value of our business.
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider such measures either in isolation or as substitutes for analyzing our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;

31



EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect our interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments, on our debt;
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect our tax expense or the cash requirements to pay our taxes;
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect historical cash expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect pension and post-retirement obligations;
Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements; and
Other companies in our industry may calculate EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA differently, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures.
Because of these limitations, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as discretionary cash available to us to reinvest in the growth of our business or as a measure of cash that will be available to us to meet our obligations.

The following table is a reconciliation of our net loss to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the three month periods ended September 30, 2013 and September 30, 2012 presented:

 
Three months ended September 30,
Three months ended September 30,
(Dollar in thousands)
2013
2012
 
(Successor)
Net loss
$
(8,343
)
$
(20,085
)
Benefit from income tax
(4,865
)
(11,054
)
Net interest expense
16,661

19,431

Depreciation
5,422

2,492

Amortization of developed technology and content
8,228

6,425

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets
8,615

8,614

EBITDA
25,718

5,823

Acquisition related and other nonrecurring charges(1)
7,637

10,173

     Non-cash stock compensation expense
370


Deferred revenue adjustments(2)
1,007

22,786

     Unrealized foreign exchange loss
19


Other(3)
641

530

Adjusted EBITDA
$
35,392

$
39,312

(1)
Includes retention incentives to key employees related to the Acquisition and nonrecurring costs as we transition to a standalone company. See Note 5 to the unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements, included elsewhere in this quarterly report.
(2)
Amount of the reduction in deferred revenue as a result of the Acquisition that negatively impacted our revenue. We wrote down the value of our deferred revenue based on valuation analysis completed as a result of the Acquisition.
(3)
Other mainly includes recurring management fees paid to the Sponsor in 2013 and non-cash vacation accrual true-up charges in connection with the Acquisition in 2012.

The following table is a reconciliation of our net loss to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2013 and September 30, 2012 presented:


32



 
Nine months ended September 30,
Combined nine months ended September 30,
From inception (April 20, 2012) to September 30,
 
 
January 1, 2012 to June 6,
(Dollar in thousands)
2013
2012
2012
 
 
2012
 
(Successor)

(Successor)
 
 
(Predecessor)
Net loss
$
(36,968
)
$
(53,744
)
$
(46,111
)
 
 
$
(7,633
)
Benefit from income tax
(21,902
)
(27,488
)
(22,685
)
 
 
(4,803
)
Interest income from Predecessor Parent



 
 

Net interest expense (income)
54,753

24,443

24,446

 
 
(3
)
Depreciation
14,411

9,909

3,104

 
 
6,805

Amortization of developed technology and content
23,672

20,536

8,076

 
 
12,460

Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets
25,845

19,138

10,912

 
 
8,226

EBITDA
59,811

(7,206
)
(22,258
)
 
 
15,052

Acquisition related and other nonrecurring charges(1)
26,830

62,010

40,004

 
 
22,006

Allocation of costs from Predecessor Parent and Affiliates(2)

14,792


 
 
14,792

Estimated standalone costs(3)

(10,306
)

 
 
(10,306
)
     Non-cash stock compensation expense
1,137

1,413


 
 
1,413

Deferred revenue adjustments(4)
7,907

31,111

31,111

 
 

Shared asset depreciation(5)

558


 
 
558

     Unrealized foreign exchange loss
472



 
 

Other(6)
1,948

6,378

530

 
 
5,848

Adjusted EBITDA
$
98,105

$
98,750

$
49,387

 
 
$
49,363

(1)
Includes retention incentives to key employees related to the Acquisition and nonrecurring costs as we transition to a standalone company. See Note 5 to the unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements, included elsewhere in this quarterly report.
(2)
Includes allocation of costs from Predecessor Parent and Affiliates and cost of revenues and allocation of technology support administered by the Predecessor Parent relating to customer data. These allocations ceased following the completion of the Acquisition on June 6, 2012.
(3)
Company standalone estimates for shared services costs.
(4)
Amount of the reduction in deferred revenue as a result of the Acquisition that negatively impacted our revenue. We wrote down the value of our deferred revenue based on valuation analysis completed as a result of the Acquisition.
(5)
Portion of allocated costs in cost of revenues that represent depreciation.
(6)
Other mainly includes recurring management fees paid to the Sponsor in 2013 and non-cash vacation accrual true-up charges in connection with the Acquisition in 2012.


33



Results of Operations

The following section provides a comparative discussion of our Results of Operations for the three month periods ended September 30, 2013 and September 30, 2012, the nine month period ended September 30, 2013 and the combined nine month period ended September 30, 2012, respectively, and should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements for these periods and the related notes thereto, included elsewhere in this quarterly report. Factors that relate primarily to a specific business segment are discussed in more detail within that business segment. For a discussion of the key factors affecting our financial condition and results of operation, see the “Key Factors Influencing Our Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section herein. For a discussion of critical accounting policies affecting our financial condition and results of operation, see the “Critical Accounting Policies” section herein.

Three months ended September 30, 2013 and September 30, 2012 (Successor)

The following table summarizes our unaudited interim condensed consolidated results of operations for the periods indicated:
(Dollars in thousands)
Three months ended September 30, 2013
 
% of revenue
 
Three months ended September 30, 2012
 
% of revenue
 
Change
 
% change
 
(Successor)
 
 
 
(Successor)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues, net
$
123,594

 
100
 %
 
$
100,950

 
100
 %
 
$
22,644

 
22
 %
Operating costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization(a)
(64,293
)
 
(52
)%
 
(62,254
)
 
(62
)%
 
(2,039
)
 
3
 %
Selling and marketing, excluding depreciation and amortization(b)
(12,899
)
 
(10
)%
 
(12,500
)
 
(12
)%
 
(399
)
 
3
 %
General and administrative, excluding depreciation and amortization(c)
(12,387
)
 
(10
)%
 
(9,708
)
 
(10
)%
 
(2,679
)
 
28
 %
Depreciation
(5,422
)
 
(4
)%
 
(2,492
)
 
(2
)%
 
(2,930
)
 
118
 %
Amortization of developed technology and content
(8,228
)
 
(7
)%
 
(6,425
)
 
(6
)%
 
(1,803
)
 
28
 %
Amortization of other identifiable intangible assets(d)
(8,615
)
 
(7
)%
 
(8,614
)
 
(9
)%
 
(1
)
 
 %
Other operating expenses(e)
(8,278
)
 
(7
)%
 
(10,665
)
 
(11
)%
 
2,387

 
(22
)%
Total operating costs and expenses
(120,122
)
 
(97
)%
 
(112,658
)
 
(112
)%
 
(7,464
)
 
7
 %
Operating income (loss)
3,472

 
3
 %
 
(11,708
)
 
(12
)%
 
15,180

 
(130
)%
Net interest expense (f)
(16,661
)
 
(13
)%
 
(19,431
)
 
(19
)%
 
2,770

 
(14
)%
Unrealized foreign exchange loss
(19
)
 
 %
 

 
 %
 
(19
)
 
NM

Loss before taxes
(13,208
)
 
(11
)%
 
(31,139
)
 
(31
)%
 
17,931

 
(58
)%
Benefit from income taxes
4,865

 
4
 %
 
11,054

 
11
 %
 
(6,189
)
 
(56
)%
Net loss
$
(8,343
)
 
(7
)%
 
$
(20,085
)
 
(20
)%
 
$
11,742

 
(58
)%
(a)
Includes all personnel and other costs attributable to a revenue stream, including but not limited to, client support, client operations, product management, royalties, allocation of technology support costs relating to market data and professional service costs.
(b)
Includes all personnel and other costs related to sales and marketing, including but not limited to, sales and marketing staff, commissions and marketing events.
(c)
Includes all personnel and other costs related to general administration as well as costs shared across the organization, including but not limited to technology, finance and strategy.
(d)
Includes amortization of definite‑lived trade names and acquired customer relationship assets.

34



(e)
Includes costs incurred to transition the Company to a standalone business. These costs include nonrecurring expenses associated with data center migration, separating the infrastructure from Predecessor Parent, and the related consulting and professional fees. Also includes severance and retention bonuses relating to the Acquisition and Sponsor fee for Veritas Capital. See Note 5 to the condensed consolidated and combined financial statements included elsewhere in this quarterly report.
(f)
Interest earned or paid related to third party transactions.

Discussion of three months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 (Successor)
Revenues, net
Our net revenues were $123.6 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $101.0 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $22.6 million or 22%. This was primarily due to the impact from the $1.0 million deferred revenue adjustment in 2013 compared to the $22.8 million deferred revenue adjustment in 2012 in connection with the Acquisition. In addition, revenue increased by $0.8 million mainly due to higher revenue in Payer segment's Employer and Health Plan and State Government Channels, partially offset by decreases in the Federal Government and Pharma channels. Revenue from the Hospitals and Clinicians segment slightly decreased due to the timing of subscription renewals. For a detailed explanation of the variations in revenue for each of our segments, see the individual segment discussions below.
Cost of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization
Our cost of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization, was $64.3 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $62.3 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $2.0 million, or 3%. This increase was primarily due to higher maintenance costs of developed technology and content, telecommunications costs and other revenue related costs as we transition to a standalone company, partially offset by a lower bonus accrual in 2013.
Selling and marketing expense, excluding depreciation and amortization
Our selling and marketing expense, excluding depreciation and amortization, was $12.9 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $12.5 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $0.4 million, or 3%, primarily due to lower distributor commission in 2012 as a result of Acquisition.
General and administrative expense, excluding depreciation and amortization
Our general and administrative expense, excluding depreciation and amortization, was $12.4 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $9.7 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $2.7 million, or 28%. The increase was primarily due to an increase in facilities related expense, telecommunications costs, salaries and related costs for additional new hires as we transition to a standalone company, partially offset by a lower bonus accrual in 2013.
Depreciation and amortization
Our depreciation and amortization expense was $22.3 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $17.5 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $4.7 million or 27%. This increase was primarily due to the overall impact of new computer hardware and other property, and developed technology and content that were placed in service in 2013 related to the new data center and new information system infrastructure.
Other operating expenses
Our other operating expense was $8.3 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $10.7 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, a decrease of $2.4 million or 22%. In 2013, other

35



operating expenses included $4.7 million of acquisition related costs (mainly related to separating our IT infrastructure from Predecessor Parent, $1.1 million of costs related to the transitional services agreement with Thomson Reuters, and $1.5 million related to consulting and other professional fees), and $0.6 million of Sponsor fees. Other operating expenses in 2012 included $7.6 million of severance and retention bonuses, $2.4 million of acquisition related costs (including $2.0 million of costs relating to legal, finance, consulting, and professional fees and $0.4 million of disentanglement costs), and $0.6 million of Sponsor advisory fees and other costs.
Operating income (loss)
Our operating income was $3.5 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to an operating loss of $11.7 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $15.2 million, or 130%, from 2012. The increase was primarily due to a $22.6 million increase in revenue partially offset by an increase in total operating expenses of $7.5 million as discussed above.
Net interest expense
Our net interest expense was $16.7 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013, as compared to $19.4 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, a decrease of $2.8 million, or 14%. The decrease was primarily due to lower interest rates as a result of refinancing in October 2012 and April 2013 that effectively reduced the interest rate by 2.25% on the $532.3 million Term Loan Facility, partially offset by the interest on incremental borrowing on Term Loan Facility and revolving credit facility of $11.3 million and $15.0 million, respectively.

Benefit from income taxes

Our income tax benefit was $4.9 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to a benefit of $11.1 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, a decrease of $6.2 million or 56%. Income tax benefit for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 and three month period ended September 30, 2012, at an effective tax rate of 36.8%, and 35.5%, respectively, are different from the amount derived by applying the federal statutory tax rate of 35%, mainly due to the impact of certain state income taxes and non deductible expenses.

Segment discussion
The following table summarizes our segment information for the three months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012:

36



(Dollars in thousands)
Three months ended September 30, 2013
 
% of revenue
 
Three months ended September 30, 2012
 
% of revenue
 
Change
 
% change
 
(Successor)
 
 
 
(Successor)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Payer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
65,286

 
100
%
 
$
57,625

 
100
%
 
$
7,661

 
13
%
Segment operating income
8,824

 
14
%
 
8,292

 
14
%
 
532

 
6
%
Depreciation and amortization
6,819

 
10
%
 
4,415

 
8
%
 
2,404

 
54
%
Hospitals
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
31,138

 
100
%
 
24,642

 
100
%
 
6,496

 
26
%
Segment operating income
4,019

 
13
%
 
480

 
2
%
 
3,539

 
737
%
Depreciation and amortization
3,885

 
12
%
 
2,555

 
10
%
 
1,330

 
52
%
Clinicians
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
27,170

 
100
%
 
18,683

 
100
%
 
8,487

 
45
%
Segment operating income
7,436

 
27
%
 
332

 
2
%
 
7,104

 
2,140
%
Depreciation and amortization
2,946

 
11
%
 
1,947

 
10
%
 
999

 
51
%
Cost of operations, depreciation and amortization and segment operating income for our segments are based on figures that reflect depreciation of hardware and other tangible assets and amortization of developed technology and content, but exclude amortization of other identifiable intangible assets and other operating expenses because our chief operating decision maker does not consider these items when assessing performance.
See Note 6 to the unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements included in this quarterly report for a reconciliation of segment financial information.

Payer segment

Revenues

Our Payer segment revenue was $65.3 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $57.6 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $7.7 million or 13%. This was primarily due to the lower impact from the deferred revenue adjustment ($0.6 million in 2013 compared to $5.5 million in 2012) in connection with the Acquisition. Additionally the State Government and Employer and Health Plan channels contributed to the increase in revenue.

Revenue in the Employer and Health Plan customer channel increased to $33.6 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 compared to $30.8 million in the three month period ended September 30, 2012, or 9% and was primarily due to higher revenue from Advantage Suite solutions. Revenue in the Federal Government customer channel decreased to $8.7 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 from $9.4 million in the three month period ended September 30, 2012, or 7%, principally due to selling cycle delays and lower new sales. Revenue in the State Government customer channel increased to $14.0 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 from $8.6 million in the three month period ended September 30, 2012, or 63%, due to the lower impact from the deferred revenue adjustment and higher implementation and migration projects. Revenue in the Pharma customer channel slightly increased to $9.0 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 from $8.8 million in the three month period ended September 30, 2012, or 2%, mainly due to deferred revenue adjustment.


37



Segment operating income
Our cost of operations, which includes depreciation and amortization expense for our Payer segment was $56.5 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $49.3 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $7.2 million, or 15%. The increase was primarily due to implementation and migration projects in the State Government customer channel and higher depreciation and amortization expense.
Our depreciation and amortization expense for our Payer segment was $6.8 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $4.4 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $2.4 million or 54%. This was primarily due to capital expenditures on computer hardware and other property, and developed technology and content that were placed in service.
Our segment operating income for our Payer segment was $8.8 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $8.3 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $0.5 million, or 6%. The increase is due to higher revenue as a result of the lower impact from the deferred revenue adjustment and an increase in the State Government and Employer and Health Plan channels, which more than offset the higher cost of operations, as described above.
Hospitals segment

Revenues

Our Hospitals segment revenue was $31.1 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013, as compared to $24.6 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $6.5 million, or 26%. This was primarily due to the lower impact from the deferred revenue adjustment ($0.3 million in 2013 compared to $7.7 million in 2012) in connection with the Acquisition, slightly offset by a $0.9 million decrease due to timing of subscription renewals.

Segment operating income
Our cost of operations, which includes depreciation and amortization expense, for our Hospitals segment was $27.1 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $24.2 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $2.9 million, or 12%. This increase is primarily due to the increase in depreciation and amortization.
Our depreciation and amortization expense for our Hospitals segment was $3.9 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $2.6 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $1.3 million or 52%. This was primarily due to the overall impact of new computer hardware and other property, and developed technology and content that were placed in service.
Our segment operating income for our Hospitals segment was $4.0 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $0.5 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $3.5 million. This increase is due to higher revenue as a result of the lower impact from the deferred revenue adjustment, which more than offset the higher cost of operations, as described above.

Clinicians segment

Revenues

Our Clinicians segment revenue was $27.2 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $18.7 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $8.5 million or 45%. This was primarily due to the lower impact from the deferred revenue adjustment ($0.1 million in 2013 compared to $9.5 million in 2012) in connection with the Acquisition, slightly offset by a $0.9 million decrease due to timing of subscription renewals.


38



Segment operating income
Our cost of operations, which includes depreciation and amortization expense, for our Clinicians segment was $19.7 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $18.4 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $1.3 million, or 7%. The increase in cost of operations is due to higher depreciation and amortization expense and additional start up costs of international branches established in 2013, partially offset by cost savings initiatives.
Our depreciation and amortization expense for our Clinicians segment was $2.9 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013, as compared to $1.9 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $1.0 million or 51%. This was primarily due to the overall impact of new computer hardware and other property, and developed technology and content that were placed in service.
Our segment operating income for our Clinicians segment was $7.4 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2013 as compared to $0.3 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $7.1 million, or 2,140%. This increase is due to higher revenue as a result of the lower impact from the deferred revenue adjustment, which more than offset the higher cost of operations, as described above.
 

39



Nine month period ended September 30, 2013 and September 30, 2012 (Combined Predecessor fiscal period from January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012 and Successor fiscal period from April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012)
In order to present a more clear description and meaningful discussion and analysis of our performance for the nine month period ended September 30, 2013 compared to 2012 periods, our 2012 period combines the results for the period January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012 (Predecessor) and April 20, 2012 to September 30, 2012 (Successor). This combined basis does not purport to represent what our results of operations would have been for the period from January 1, 2012 to September 30, 2012 on a Predecessor basis or a Successor basis.
The following table summarizes our unaudited interim condensed consolidated and combined results of operations for the periods indicated:
(Dollars in thousands)
Nine months ended September 30, 2013
 
% of revenue
 
From inception (April 20, 2012) to September 30, 2012
 
 
January 1, 2012 to June 6, 2012
 
Combined Nine months ended September 30, 2012
 
% of revenue
 
Change
 
% change
 
(Successor)
 
 
 
(Successor)
 
 
(Predecessor)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues, net
$
363,481

 
100
 %
 
$
124,263

 
 
$
208,998

 
$
333,261

 
100
 %
 
$
30,220

 
9
 %
Operating costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization(a)
(200,983
)
 
(55
)%
 
(77,072
)
 
 
(112,050
)
 
(189,122
)
 
(57
)%
 
(11,861
)
 
6
 %
Selling and marketing, excluding depreciation and amortization(b)
(42,111
)
 
(12
)%
 
(16,249
)
 
 
(25,917
)
 
(42,166
)
 
(13
)%
 
55

 
 %
General and administrative, excluding depreciation and amortization(c)
(31,326
)
 
(9
)%
 
(12,784
)
 
 
(27,173
)
 
(39,957
)
 
(12
)%
 
8,631

 
(22
)%
Allocation of costs from Predecessor Parent and affiliates(d)

 
 %
 

 
 
(10,003
)
 
(10,003
)
 
(3
)%