10-K 1 form10k.htm  
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.   20549

F O R M   1 0 - K

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

Commission file number: 001-36271

WATERSTONE FINANCIAL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland
 
90-1026709
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S.  Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
11200 W Plank Ct, Wauwatosa,  Wisconsin
 
53226
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

(414) 761-1000
Registrant's telephone number, including area code:

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
 
 Trading Symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 Par Value
 
WSBF 
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
NONE

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer (as defined in Rule 405 of the 1933 Act).
Yes                    No    T


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the 1934 Act.
Yes                    No    T
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes      T            No      

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files)
Yes      T            No      

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging growth company
                 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act).

Yes                    No    T

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold on June 30, 2019 as reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market®, was approximately $471.3 million.

As of February 28, 2020, 26,889,750 shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock were issued and outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
 
Part of Form 10-K Into Which
Document
 
Portions of Document are Incorporated
Proxy Statement for Annual Meeting of
 
Part III
Shareholders on May 19, 2020
 
 





WATERSTONE FINANCIAL, INC.

FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT TO THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
ITEM
 
 
PAGE
 
 
 
 
PART I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.
Business
 
3-28
1A.
Risk Factors
 
29-35
1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
 
35
2.
Properties
 
35
3.
Legal Proceedings
 
35
4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
 
35
 
 
 
35
PART II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.
Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholders Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
36
6.
Selected Financial Data
 
 37-38
7.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 39-50
7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
 51
8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
 52-100
9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
 100
9A.
Controls and Procedures
 
 100-101
9B.
Other Information
 
 101
 
 
 
 
PART III
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
 
11.
Executive Compensation
 
102
12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
102
13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
103
14.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
 
103
 
 
 
 
PART IV
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15.
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
 
 103
 16.
Form 10-K Summary
 
 103

Signatures    105
       
 
- 2 -

PART 1

Item 1.   Business

Forward-Looking Statements

This Annual Report on Form 10-K may contain or incorporate by reference various forward-looking statements, which can be identified by the use of words such as “estimate,” “project,” “believe,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “seek,” “expect” and similar expressions and verbs in the future tense. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

 
Statements of our goals, intentions and expectations;
 
Statements regarding our business plans, prospects, growth and operating strategies;
 
Statements regarding the quality of our loan and investment portfolio;
 
Estimates of our risks and future costs and benefits.

These forward-looking statements are based on current beliefs and expectations of our management and are inherently subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond our control. In addition, these forward-looking statements are subject to assumptions with respect to future business strategies and decisions that are subject to change.

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements.

 
general economic conditions, either nationally or in our market area, including employment prospects, that are different than expected;
 
competition among depository and other financial institutions;
 
inflation and changes in the interest rate environment that reduce our margins and yields, our mortgage banking revenues or reduce the fair value of financial instruments or reduce the origination levels in our lending business, or increase the level of defaults, losses or prepayments on loans we have made and make whether held in portfolio or sold in the secondary markets;
 
adverse changes in the securities or secondary mortgage markets;
 
changes in laws or government regulations or policies affecting financial institutions, including changes in regulatory fees and capital requirements;
 
changes in monetary or fiscal policies of the U.S. Government, including policies of the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board;
 
our ability to manage market risk, credit risk and operational risk in the current economic conditions;
 
our ability to enter new markets successfully and capitalize on growth opportunities;
 
our ability to successfully integrate acquired entities;
 
decreased demand for our products and services;
 
changes in tax policies or assessment policies;
 
the inability of third-party provider to perform their obligations to us;
 
changes in consumer demand, spending, borrowing and savings habits;
 
changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the bank regulatory agencies, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the Securities and Exchange Commission or the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board;
 
our ability to retain key employees;
 
cyber attacks, computer viruses and other technological risks that may breach the security of our websites or other systems to obtain unauthorized access to confidential information and destroy data or disable our systems;
 
technological changes that may be more difficult or expensive than expected;
 
the ability of third-party providers to perform their obligations to us;
 
the effects of federal government shutdown;
 
the ability of the U.S. Government to manage federal debt limits;
 
significant increases in our loan losses; and
 
changes in the financial condition, results of operations or future prospects of issuers of securities that we own.

See also the factors regarding future operations discussed in "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and "Risk Factors" below.

Waterstone Financial, Inc.

Waterstone Financial, Inc., a Maryland corporation (“New Waterstone”), was organized in 2013.  Upon completion of the mutual-to-stock conversion of Lamplighter Financial, MHC in 2014, New Waterstone became the holding company of WaterStone Bank SSB and succeeded to all of the business and operations of Waterstone Financial, Inc., a Federal corporation (“Waterstone-Federal”) and each of Waterstone-Federal and Lamplighter Financial, MHC ceased to exist.  In this report, we refer to WaterStone Bank SSB, our wholly owned subsidiary, both before and after the reorganization, as “WaterStone Bank” or the “Bank.”

Waterstone Financial, Inc. and its subsidiaries, including WaterStone Bank, are referred to herein as the “Company,” “Waterstone Financial,” or “we.”

The Company maintains a website at www.wsbonline.com. We make available through that website, free of charge, copies of our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, amendments to those reports and proxy materials as soon as is reasonably practical after the Company electronically files those materials with, or furnishes them to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. You may access those reports by following the links under “Investor Relations” at the Company’s website. Information on this website is not and should not be considered a part of this document.

Waterstone Financial’s executive offices are located at 11200 West Plank Court, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin 53226, and its telephone number at this address is (414) 761-1000.


- 3 -

BUSINESS OF WATERSTONE BANK

General

WaterStone Bank is a community bank that has served the banking needs of its customers since 1921. WaterStone Bank also has an active mortgage banking subsidiary, Waterstone Mortgage Corporation, which had 67 offices in 24 states as of December 31, 2019.

WaterStone Bank conducts its community banking business from 13 banking offices located in Milwaukee, Washington and Waukesha counties, Wisconsin, as well as a loan production office in Minneapolis, Minnesota. WaterStone Bank’s principal lending activity is originating one- to four-family, multi-family residential, and commercial real estate loans for retention in its portfolio. At December 31, 2019, such loans comprised 34.6%, 42.1%, and 17.1%, respectively, of WaterStone Bank’s loan portfolio. WaterStone Bank also offers home equity loans and lines of credit, construction and land loans, commercial business loans, and consumer loans. WaterStone Bank funds its loan production primarily with retail deposits and Federal Home Loan Bank advances. Our deposit offerings include certificates of deposit, money market savings accounts, transaction deposit accounts, noninterest bearing demand accounts and individual retirement accounts. Our investment securities portfolio is comprised principally of mortgage-backed securities, government-sponsored enterprise bonds, municipal obligations, and other debt securities.

WaterStone Bank is subject to comprehensive regulation and examination by the Wisconsin Department of Financial Institutions (the "WDFI") and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the "FDIC").

WaterStone Bank’s executive offices are located at 11200 West Plank Court, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin 53226, and its telephone number is (414) 761-1000.  Its website address is www.wsbonline.com. Information on this website is not and should not be considered a part of this document.

WaterStone Bank’s mortgage banking operations are conducted through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Waterstone Mortgage Corporation.  Waterstone Mortgage Corporation originates single-family residential real estate loans for sale into the secondary market.  Waterstone Mortgage Corporation utilizes lines of credit provided by WaterStone Bank as a primary source of funds, and also utilizes a line of credit with another financial institution as needed.  On a consolidated basis, Waterstone Mortgage Corporation originated approximately $2.85 billion in mortgage loans held for sale during the year ended December 31, 2019, which excludes the loans originated from Waterstone Mortgage Corporation and purchased by WaterStone Bank.

Subsidiary Activities

Waterstone Financial currently has one wholly-owned subsidiary, WaterStone Bank, which in turn has three wholly-owned subsidiaries. Wauwatosa Investments, Inc., which holds and manages our investment portfolio, is located and incorporated in Nevada. Waterstone Mortgage Corporation is a mortgage banking business incorporated in Wisconsin. Main Street Real Estate Holdings, LLC is a Wisconsin limited liability corporation and previously owned WaterStone Bank office facilities and held WaterStone Bank office facility leases.

Wauwatosa Investments, Inc.  Established in 1998, Wauwatosa Investments, Inc. operates in Nevada as WaterStone Bank’s investment subsidiary.  This wholly-owned subsidiary owns and manages the majority of the consolidated investment portfolio.  It has its own board of directors currently comprised of its President, the WaterStone Bank Chief Financial Officer, Treasury Officer and the Chairman of Waterstone Financial’s board of directors.

Waterstone Mortgage Corporation.  Acquired in February 2006, Waterstone Mortgage Corporation is a mortgage banking business with offices in 24 states.  It has its own board of directors currently comprised of its President, its Chief Financial Officer, the WaterStone Bank Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President and General Counsel.

Main Street Real Estate Holdings, LLC.  Established in 2002, Main Street Real Estate Holdings, LLC was established to acquire and hold WaterStone Bank office and retail facilities, both owned and leased.  Main Street Real Estate Holdings, LLC currently conducts real estate broker activities limited to real estate owned.

Market Area

WaterStone Bank.  WaterStone Bank’s market area is broadly defined as the Milwaukee, Wisconsin metropolitan market, which is geographically located in the southeast corner of the state.  WaterStone Bank’s primary market area is Milwaukee and Waukesha counties and the five surrounding counties of Ozaukee, Washington, Jefferson, Walworth and Racine. We have eight branch offices in Milwaukee County, four branch offices in Waukesha County and one branch office in Washington County.  At June 30, 2019 (the latest date for which information was publicly available), 47.0% of deposits in the State of Wisconsin were located in the seven-county Milwaukee metropolitan market and 39.9% of deposits in the State of Wisconsin were located in the three counties in which the Bank has a branch office.

WaterStone Bank’s primary market area for deposits includes the communities in which we maintain our banking office locations. Our primary lending market area is broader than our primary deposit market area and includes all of the primary market area noted above but extends further west to the Madison, Wisconsin market and further north to the Appleton and Green Bay, Wisconsin markets. Additionally, in 2013 we opened a loan production office in Minneapolis, Minnesota, which has a primary lending market area of the Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota metropolitan market.

Waterstone Mortgage Corporation.  As of December 31, 2019, Waterstone Mortgage Corporation had 10 offices in each of Wisconsin and Florida, eight offices in New Mexico, three offices in each of Delaware, Illinois, Minnesota, and Virginia, two offices in each of Arizona, Colorado, Maryland, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Virginia, and one office in each of Arkansas, California, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Michigan, New Hampshire, North Carolina and Pennsylvania.


- 4 -

Competition

WaterStone BankWaterStone Bank faces competition within our market area both in making real estate loans and attracting deposits. The Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis metropolitan statistical area has a high concentration of financial institutions, including large commercial banks, community banks and credit unions. As of June 30, 2019, based on the FDIC annual Summary of Deposits Report, we had the eigth largest market share in our metropolitan statistical area out of 43 financial institutions, representing 1.88% of all deposits.

Our competition for loans and deposits comes principally from commercial banks, savings institutions, mortgage banking firms and credit unions. We face additional competition for deposits from money market funds, brokerage firms, and mutual funds. Some of our competitors offer products and services that we do not offer, such as trust services and private banking.

Our primary focus is to build and develop profitable consumer and commercial customer relationships while maintaining our role as a community bank.

Waterstone Mortgage Corporation.  Waterstone Mortgage Corporation faces competition for originating loans both directly within the markets in which it operates and from entities that provide services throughout the United States through internet services.  Waterstone Mortgage Corporation’s competition comes principally from other mortgage banking firms, as well as from commercial banks, savings institutions and credit unions.

Lending Activities

 The scope of the discussion included under “Lending Activities” is limited to lending operations related to loans originated for investment.  A discussion of the lending activities related to loans originated for sale is included under “Mortgage Banking Activities.”

 Historically, our principal lending activity has been originating mortgage loans for the purchase or refinancing of residential and commercial real estate. Generally, we retain the loans that we originate, which we refer to as loans originated for investment. One- to four-family residential mortgage loans represented $480.3 million, or 34.6%, of our total loan portfolio at December 31, 2019.  Multi-family residential mortgage loans represented $584.9 million, or 42.1%, of our total loan portfolio at December 31, 2019.  Commercial real estate loans represented $236.7 million, or 17.1%, of our total loan portfolio at December 31, 2019. We also offer construction and land loans, home equity lines of credit and commercial loans.  At December 31, 2019, commercial business loans, home equity loans, and land and construction loans totaled $30.3 million, $18.1 million and $37.0 million, respectively.

The largest exposure to one borrower or group of related borrowers was $39.1 million in the multi-family category.  The borrower represented a total of 2.8% of the total loan portfolio as of December 31, 2019.


Loan Portfolio Composition.  The following table sets forth the composition of our loan portfolio in dollar amounts and as a percentage of the total portfolio at the dates indicated.

     
At December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2017
   
2016
   
2015
 
     
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
   
Amount
   
Percent
 
     
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
Mortgage loans:
                                                           
Residential real estate:
                                                           
One- to four-family
 
$
480,280
     
34.60
%
 
$
489,979
     
35.53
%
 
$
439,597
     
34.03
%
 
$
392,817
     
33.35
%
 
$
381,992
     
34.26
%
Multi-family
   
584,859
     
42.14
%
   
597,087
     
43.29
%
   
578,440
     
44.77
%
   
558,592
     
47.42
%
   
547,250
     
49.08
%
Home equity
   
18,071
     
1.30
%
   
19,956
     
1.45
%
   
21,124
     
1.64
%
   
21,778
     
1.85
%
   
24,326
     
2.18
%
Construction and land
   
37,033
     
2.67
%
   
13,361
     
0.97
%
   
19,859
     
1.54
%
   
18,179
     
1.54
%
   
19,148
     
1.72
%
Commercial real estate
   
236,703
     
17.05
%
   
225,522
     
16.35
%
   
195,842
     
15.16
%
   
159,401
     
13.53
%
   
118,820
     
10.66
%
Commercial loans
   
30,253
     
2.18
%
   
32,810
     
2.38
%
   
36,697
     
2.84
%
   
26,798
     
2.28
%
   
23,037
     
2.07
%
Consumer
   
832
     
0.06
%
   
433
     
0.03
%
   
255
     
0.02
%
   
319
     
0.03
%
   
361
     
0.03
%
                                                                                 
Total loans
   
1,388,031
     
100.00
%
   
1,379,148
     
100.00
%
   
1,291,814
     
100.00
%
   
1,177,884
     
100.00
%
   
1,114,934
     
100.00
%
                                                                                 
Allowance for loan losses
   
(12,387
)
           
(13,249
)
           
(14,077
)
           
(16,029
)
           
(16,185
)
       
                                                                                 
Loans, net
 
$
1,375,644
           
$
1,365,899
           
$
1,277,737
           
$
1,161,855
           
$
1,098,749
         


- 5 -

Loan Portfolio Maturities and Yields.  The following table summarizes the final maturities of our loan portfolio at December 31, 2019. Maturities are based upon the final contractual payment dates and do not reflect the impact of prepayments and scheduled monthly payments that will occur.

   
One- to four-family
   
Multi-family
   
Home Equity
   
Construction and Land
 
Due during the year ended
       
Weighted
         
Weighted
         
Weighted
         
Weighted
 
 December 31,
 
Amount
   
Average Rate
   
Amount
   
Average Rate
   
Amount
   
Average Rate
   
Amount
   
Average Rate
 
   
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
2020
 
$
7,496
     
5.15
%
 
$
40,731
     
4.06
%
 
$
2,270
     
5.34
%
 
$
1,840
     
4.92
%
2021
   
10,084
     
5.19
%
   
35,374
     
4.39
%
   
2,063
     
5.34
%
   
10,194
     
4.54
%
2022
   
23,730
     
5.25
%
   
89,802
     
4.44
%
   
2,579
     
5.25
%
   
4,887
     
4.23
%
2023
   
16,549
     
5.40
%
   
93,123
     
4.65
%
   
2,320
     
5.13
%
   
2,130
     
4.76
%
2024
   
14,729
     
5.45
%
   
49,482
     
4.72
%
   
2,603
     
4.93
%
   
2,848
     
4.55
%
2025 and thereafter
   
407,692
     
4.60
%
   
276,347
     
4.12
%
   
6,236
     
4.75
%
   
15,134
     
4.82
%
Total
 
$
480,280
     
4.71
%
 
$
584,859
     
4.32
%
 
$
18,071
     
5.04
%
 
$
37,033
     
4.64
%
                                                                 
                                                                 
   
Commercial Real Estate
   
Commercial
   
Consumer
   
Total
 
Due during the year ended
         
Weighted
           
Weighted
           
Weighted
           
Weighted
 
 December 31,
 
Amount
   
Average Rate
   
Amount
   
Average Rate
   
Amount
   
Average Rate
   
Amount
   
Average Rate
 
   
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
2020
 
$
13,738
     
4.37
%
 
$
13,304
     
5.04
%
 
$
717
     
2.00
%
 
$
80,096
     
4.42
%
2021
   
17,740
     
4.12
%
   
1,178
     
4.46
%
   
52
     
5.13
%
   
76,685
     
4.48
%
2022
   
34,199
     
4.41
%
   
4,338
     
4.33
%
   
63
     
5.38
%
   
159,598
     
4.50
%
2023
   
37,355
     
4.43
%
   
2,437
     
5.12
%
   
-
     
0.00
%
   
153,914
     
4.69
%
2024
   
45,620
     
4.60
%
   
2,493
     
4.61
%
   
-
     
0.00
%
   
117,775
     
4.76
%
2025 and thereafter
   
88,051
     
4.44
%
   
6,503
     
6.69
%
   
-
     
0.00
%
   
799,963
     
4.44
%
Total
 
$
236,703
     
4.44
%
 
$
30,253
     
5.24
%
 
$
832
     
2.45
%
 
$
1,388,031
     
4.50
%

The following table sets forth the scheduled repayments of fixed and adjustable rate loans at December 31, 2019 that are contractually due after December 31, 2020.

     
Due After December 31, 2020
 
     
Fixed
   
Adjustable
   
Total
 
     
(In Thousands)
 
Mortgage loans
                 
Real estate loans:
             
One- to four-family
 
$
24,939
   
$
447,845
   
$
472,784
 
Multi-family
   
207,845
     
336,283
     
544,128
 
Home equity
   
3,600
     
12,201
     
15,801
 
Construction and land
   
19,817
     
15,376
     
35,193
 
Commercial
   
138,569
     
84,396
     
222,965
 
Commercial
   
16,098
     
851
     
16,949
 
Consumer
   
115
     
-
     
115
 
Total loans
 
$
410,983
   
$
896,952
   
$
1,307,935
 

One- to Four-Family Residential Mortgage Loans.  One- to four-family residential mortgage loans totaled $480.3 million, or 34.6% of total loans at December 31, 2019.  One- to four-family residential mortgage loans originated for investment during the year ended December 31, 2019 totaled $95.5 million, or 29.1% of all loans originated for investment. Our one- to four-family residential mortgage loans have fixed or adjustable rates.  Our single family adjustable-rate mortgage loans generally provide for maximum annual rate adjustments of 200 basis points, with a lifetime maximum adjustment of 600 basis points.  Our adjustable-rate mortgage loans typically amortize over terms of up to 30 years, and are indexed to the 12-month LIBOR rate.  Single family adjustable rate mortgage loans are originated at both our community banking segment and our mortgage banking segment.   We do not offer and have never offered residential mortgage loans specifically designed for borrowers with sub-prime credit scores, including Alt-A and negative amortization loans.  Further, prior to 2007, we did not offer indexed, adjustable-rate loans other than home equity lines of credit, and we have never offered “teaser rate” first mortgage products.

- 6 -

Adjustable rate mortgage loans can decrease the interest rate risk associated with changes in market interest rates by periodically repricing, but involve other risks because, as interest rates increase, the loan payments by the borrower increase, thus increasing the potential for default by the borrower. At the same time, the marketability of the underlying collateral may be adversely affected by higher interest rates. Upward adjustment of the contractual interest rate is also limited by the maximum periodic and lifetime interest rate adjustments permitted by our loan documents and, therefore, the effectiveness of adjustable rate mortgage loans in decreasing the risk associated with changes in interest rates may be limited during periods of rapidly rising interest rates. Moreover, during periods of rapidly declining interest rates the interest income received from the adjustable rate loans can be significantly reduced, thereby adversely affecting interest income.

All residential mortgage loans that we originate include “due-on-sale” clauses, which give us the right to declare a loan immediately due and payable in the event that, among other things, the borrower sells or otherwise transfers the real property subject to the mortgage and the loan is not repaid.  We also require homeowner’s insurance and where circumstances warrant, flood insurance, on properties securing real estate loans.  The average one- to four-family first mortgage loan balance was approximately $225,000 on December 31, 2019, and the largest outstanding balance on that date was $6.3 million, which is a consolidation loan that is collateralized by 85 single family properties.  A total of 58.8% of our one- to four-family loans are collateralized by properties in the state of Wisconsin.

Multi-family Real Estate Loans.  Multi-family loans totaled $584.9 million, or 42.1% of total loans at December 31, 2019. Multi-family loans originated for investment during the year ended December 31, 2019 totaled $110.1 million, or 33.5% of all loans originated for investment. These loans are generally secured by properties located in our primary market area. Our multi-family real estate underwriting policies generally provide that such real estate loans may be made in amounts of up to 80% of the appraised value of the property provided the loan complies with our current loans-to-one borrower limit. Multi-family real estate loans are offered with interest rates that are fixed for periods of up to five years or are variable and either adjust based on a market index or at our discretion. Contractual maturities do not exceed 10 years while principal and interest payments are typically based on a 30-year amortization period. In reaching a decision whether to make a multi-family real estate loan, we consider gross revenues and the net operating income of the property, the borrower’s expertise and credit history, global cash flows, and the appraised value of the underlying property. We will also consider the terms and conditions of the leases and the credit quality of the tenants. We generally require that the properties securing these real estate loans have debt service coverage ratios (the ratio of earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization divided by interest expense and current maturities of long term debt) of at least 1.15 times. Generally, multi-family loans made to corporations, partnerships and other business entities require personal guarantees from the principals and by the owners of 20% or more of the borrower.

A multi-family borrower’s financial information is monitored on an ongoing basis by requiring periodic financial statement updates, payment history reviews and periodic face-to-face meetings with the borrower.  We generally require borrowers with aggregate outstanding balances exceeding $1.0 million to provide updated financial statements and federal tax returns annually.  These requirements also apply to all guarantors on these loans.  We also require borrowers with rental investment property to provide an annual report of income and expenses for the property, including a tenant list and copies of leases, as applicable.  The average outstanding multi-family mortgage loan balance was approximately $985,000 on December 31, 2019, with the largest outstanding balance at $11.9 million.

Loans secured by multi-family real estate generally involve larger principal amounts than owner-occupied, one- to four-family residential mortgage loans. Because payments on loans secured by multi-family properties often depend on the successful operation or management of the properties, repayment of such loans may be affected by adverse conditions in the real estate market or the economy.

Home Equity Loans and Lines of Credit. We also offer home equity loans and home equity lines of credit, both of which are secured by owner-occupied and non-owner occupied one- to four-family residences.  At December 31, 2019, outstanding home equity loans and equity lines of credit totaled $18.1 million, or 1.3% of total loans outstanding.  At December 31, 2019, the unadvanced portion of home equity lines of credit totaled $13.4 million.  Home equity loans and lines originated for investment during the year ended December 31, 2019 totaled $5.8 million, or 1.8% of all loans originated for investment.  The underwriting standards utilized for home equity loans and home equity lines of credit include a determination of the applicant’s credit history, an assessment of the applicant’s ability to meet existing obligations and payments on the proposed loan, and the value of the collateral securing the loan.  Home equity loans are offered with adjustable rates of interest and with terms up to 10 years.  The loan-to-value ratio for our home equity loans and our lines of credit is generally limited to 90% when combined with the first security lien, if applicable.  Our home equity lines of credit have ten-year terms and adjustable rates of interest, subject to a contractual floor, which are indexed to the prime rate, as reported in The Wall Street Journal.  Interest rates on home equity lines of credit are generally limited to a maximum rate of 18%.  The average outstanding home equity loan balance was approximately $45,000 at December 31, 2019, with the largest outstanding balance at that date of $515,000.

Construction and Land Loans.  We originate construction loans for the acquisition of land and the construction of single-family residences, multi-family residences, and commercial real estate buildings.  At December 31, 2019, construction and land loans totaled $37.0 million, or 2.7% of total loans.  Construction and land loans originated for investment during the year ended December 31, 2019 totaled $59.8 million, or 18.2% of all loans originated for investment.  Of the $59.8 million originated in 2019, a total of $47.4 million had yet to be advanced as of December 31, 2019.  At December 31, 2019, the unadvanced portion of the construction loan portfolio totaled $91.4 million.

Our construction mortgage loans generally provide for the payment of interest only during the construction phase, which is typically up to nine months for single-family residences although our policy is to consider construction periods as long as 12 months or more for multi-family residences and commercial buildings. At the end of the construction phase, the construction loan converts to a longer-term mortgage loan. Construction loans can be made with a maximum loan-to-value ratio of 90%, provided that the borrower obtains private mortgage insurance if the owner-occupied residential loan balance exceeds 80% of the lesser of the appraised value or acquisition cost of the secured property. The average outstanding construction loan balance totaled approximately $1.7 million on December 31, 2019, with the largest outstanding balance at $11.6 million.  The average outstanding land loan balance was approximately $194,000 on December 31, 2019, and the largest outstanding balance on that date was $1.0 million.

Before making a commitment to fund a construction loan, we require an appraisal of the property by an independent licensed appraiser. We also review and inspect each property before disbursement of funds during the term of the construction loan. Loan proceeds are disbursed after inspection based on either the percentage of completion method or the actual cost of the completed work.

Construction financing is generally considered to involve a higher degree of credit risk than longer-term financing on improved, owner-occupied real estate. Risk of loss on a construction loan depends largely upon the accuracy of the initial estimate of the value of the property at completion of construction compared to the estimated cost (including interest) of construction and other assumptions. If the estimate of construction cost is inaccurate, we may be required to advance funds beyond the amount originally committed in order to protect the value of the property. Additionally, if the estimate of value is inaccurate, we may be confronted with a project, when completed, with a value that is insufficient to ensure full repayment of the loan.

- 7 -

Commercial Real Estate Loans.  Commercial real estate loans totaled $236.7 million at December 31, 2019, or 17.1% of total loans, and are made up of loans secured by office and retail buildings, industrial buildings, churches, restaurants, other retail properties and mixed use properties. Commercial real estate loans originated for investment during the year ended December 31, 2019 totaled $49.7 million, or 15.1% of all loans originated for investment. These loans are generally secured by property located in our primary market area. Our commercial real estate underwriting policies provide that such real estate loans may be made in amounts of up to 80% of the appraised value of the property. Commercial real estate loans are offered with interest rates that are fixed up to five years or are variable and either adjust based on a market index or at our discretion. Contractual maturities do not exceed 10 years while principal and interest payments are typically based on a 25 to 30-year amortization period. In reaching a decision whether to make a commercial real estate loan, we consider gross revenues and the net operating income of the property, the borrower’s expertise and credit history, business and global cash flow, and the appraised value of the underlying property. In addition, we will also consider the terms and conditions of the leases and the credit quality of the tenants, if applicable. We generally require that the properties securing these real estate loans have debt service coverage ratios (the ratio of earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization divided by interest expense and current maturities of long term debt) of at least 1.15 times. Environmental surveys are required for commercial real estate loans when environmental risks are identified. Generally, commercial real estate loans made to corporations, partnerships and other business entities require personal guarantees by the principals and by the owners of 20% or more of the borrower.

A commercial real estate borrower’s financial information is monitored on an ongoing basis by requiring periodic financial statement updates, payment history reviews and periodic face-to-face meetings with the borrower.  We generally require borrowers with aggregate outstanding balances exceeding $1.0 million to provide annual updated financial statements and federal tax returns.  These requirements also apply to all guarantors on these loans.  We also require borrowers to provide an annual report of income and expenses for the property, including a tenant list and copies of leases, as applicable.  The average commercial real estate loan in our portfolio at December 31, 2019 was approximately $877,000, and the largest outstanding balance at that date was $13.2 million.

Commercial Loans.  Commercial loans totaled $30.3 million at December 31, 2019, or 2.2% of total loans, and are made up of loans secured by accounts receivable, inventory, equipment and real estate. Commercial loans originated for investment during the year ended December 31, 2019 totaled $7.5 million, or 2.3% of all loans originated.

Our commercial loans are generally made to borrowers that are located in our primary market area.  Working capital lines of credit are granted for the purpose of carrying inventory and accounts receivable or purchasing equipment.  These lines require that certain collateral levels must be maintained and are monitored on a monthly or quarterly basis.  Working capital lines of credit are short-term loans of 12 months or less with variable interest rates.  At December 31, 2019, the unadvanced portion of working capital lines of credit totaled $17.0 million.  Outstanding balances fluctuate up to the maximum commitment amount based on fluctuations in the balance of the underlying collateral.  Personal property loans secured by equipment are considered commercial business loans and are generally made for terms of up to 84 months and for up to 80% of the value of the underlying collateral.  Interest rates on equipment loans may be either fixed or variable.  Commercial business loans are generally variable rate loans with initial fixed rate periods of up to five years.

A commercial business borrower’s financial information is monitored on an ongoing basis by requiring periodic financial statement updates, usually quarterly, payment history reviews and periodic face-to-face meetings with the borrower. The average outstanding commercial loan at December 31, 2019 was $238,000 and the largest outstanding balance on that date was $6.3 million.

The following table shows loan origination, principal repayment activity, transfers to real estate owned, charge-offs and sales during the years indicated.

     
As of or for the Year Ended December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2017
 
     
(In Thousands)
 
Total gross loans receivable and held for sale at beginning of year
 
$
1,520,764
   
$
1,441,710
   
$
1,403,132
 
Real estate loans originated for investment:
                       
Residential
                       
One- to four-family
   
95,461
     
126,601
     
117,747
 
Multi-family
   
110,136
     
123,107
     
108,380
 
Home equity
   
5,804
     
4,613
     
5,430
 
Construction and land
   
59,814
     
66,265
     
2,270
 
Commercial real estate
   
49,710
     
58,176
     
61,684
 
Total real estate loans originated for investment
   
320,925
     
378,762
     
295,511
 
Consumer loans originated for investment
   
55
     
142
     
80
 
Commercial loans originated for investment
   
7,517
     
6,221
     
19,610
 
Total loans originated for investment
   
328,497
     
385,125
     
315,201
 
                         
Principal repayments
   
(318,383
)
   
(297,162
)
   
(197,623
)
Transfers to real estate owned
   
(1,052
)
   
(545
)
   
(2,171
)
Loan principal charged-off
   
(179
)
   
(84
)
   
(1,477
)
Net activity in loans held for investment
   
8,883
     
87,334
     
113,930
 
                         
Loans originated for sale
   
2,853,222
     
2,509,827
     
2,458,370
 
Loans sold
   
(2,774,715
)
   
(2,518,107
)
   
(2,533,722
)
Net activity in loans held for sale
   
78,507
     
(8,280
)
   
(75,352
)
Total gross loans receivable and held for sale at end of year
 
$
1,608,154
   
$
1,520,764
   
$
1,441,710
 

- 8 -

Origination and Servicing of Loans.  All loans originated for investment are underwritten pursuant to internally developed policies and procedures.  While we generally underwrite owner-occupied residential mortgage loans to Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae standards, due to several unique characteristics, our loans originated prior to 2008 do not conform to the secondary market standards.  The unique features of these loans include interest payments in advance of the month in which they are earned and discretionary rate adjustments that are not tied to an independent index.

Exclusive of our mortgage banking operations, we retain in our portfolio all of the loans that we originate. At December 31, 2019, WaterStone Bank was not servicing any loan it originated and subsequently sold to unrelated third parties. Loan servicing includes collecting and remitting loan payments, accounting for principal and interest, contacting delinquent mortgagors, supervising foreclosures and property dispositions in the event of unremedied defaults, making certain insurance and tax payments on behalf of the borrowers and generally administering the loans.

Loan Approval Procedures and Authority.  WaterStone Bank’s lending activities follow written, non-discriminatory, underwriting standards and loan origination procedures established by WaterStone Bank’s board of directors.  The loan approval process is intended to assess the borrower’s ability to repay the loan, the viability of the loan and the adequacy of the value of the property that will secure the loan, if applicable.  To assess the borrower’s ability to repay, we review the employment and credit history and information on the historical and projected income and expenses of borrowers.

Loan officers, with concurrence from independent credit officers and underwriters, are authorized to approve and close any loan that qualifies under WaterStone Bank underwriting guidelines within the following lending limits:

A secured one- to four-family mortgage loan up to $500,000 for a borrower with total outstanding loans from us of less than $1.0 million that is independently underwritten can be approved by select loan officers.
 
A loan up to $500,000 for a borrower with total outstanding loans from us of less than $500,000 can be approved by select commercial loan officers.
 
Any secured mortgage loan ranging from $500,001 to $3.0 million or any new loan to a borrower with outstanding loans from us exceeding $1.0 million must be approved by the Officer Loan Committee.
 
Any non-real estate loan ranging from $500,001 to $3.0 million or any new non-real estate loan to a borrower with outstanding loans exceeding $500,000 must be approved by the Officer Loan Committee.
 
Any new loan over $3.0 million must be approved by the Officer Loan Committee and the board of directors prior to closing. Any new loan to a borrower with outstanding loans from us exceeding $10.0 million must be reviewed by the board of directors.


Asset Quality

When a loan becomes more than 30 days delinquent, WaterStone Bank sends a letter advising the borrower of the delinquency.  The borrower is given a specific date by which delinquent payments must be made or by which they must contact WaterStone Bank to make arrangements to bring the loan current over a longer period of time.  If the borrower fails to bring the loan current within the specified time period or to make arrangements to cure the delinquency over a longer period of time, the matter is referred to legal counsel and foreclosure or other collection proceedings are considered.

All loans are reviewed on a regular basis, and loans are placed on non-accrual status when they become 90 or more days delinquent. When loans are placed on non-accrual status, unpaid accrued interest is reversed, and further income is recognized only to the extent received when collection of the remaining principal balance is reasonably assured.

Non-Performing Assets.  Non-performing assets consist of non-accrual loans and other real estate owned.  Loans are generally placed on non-accrual status when contractually past due 90 days or more as to interest or principal payments.  Additionally, whenever management becomes aware of facts or circumstances that may adversely impact the collectability of principal or interest on loans, management may place such loans on non-accrual status immediately, rather than waiting until the loan becomes 90 days past due. At the time a loan is placed on non-accrual status, previously accrued and uncollected interest on such loans is reversed and additional income is recorded only to the extent that payments are received and the collection of principal is reasonably assured.  Generally, loans are restored to accrual status when the obligation is brought current, has performed in accordance with the contractual terms for a reasonable period of time, and the ultimate collectability of the total contractual principal and interest is no longer in doubt.

- 9 -

The table below sets forth the amounts and categories of our non-accrual loans and real estate owned at the dates indicated.

     
At December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2017
   
2016
   
2015
 
     
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
Non-accrual loans:
                             
Residential
                             
One- to four-family
 
$
5,985
   
$
4,902
   
$
4,677
   
$
7,623
   
$
13,888
 
Multi-family
   
667
     
1,309
     
1,007
     
1,427
     
2,553
 
Home equity
   
70
     
201
     
107
     
344
     
437
 
Construction and land
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
239
 
Commercial real estate
   
303
     
125
     
251
     
422
     
460
 
Commercial
   
-
     
18
     
26
     
41
     
27
 
Consumer
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Total non-accrual loans
   
7,025
     
6,555
     
6,068
     
9,857
     
17,604
 
                                         
Real estate owned
                                       
One- to four-family
   
46
     
163
     
1,330
     
2,141
     
4,610
 
Multi-family
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
209
 
Construction and land
   
1,256
     
3,327
     
4,582
     
5,082
     
5,262
 
Commercial real estate
   
-
     
300
     
300
     
300
     
300
 
Total real estate owned
   
1,302
     
3,790
     
6,212
     
7,523
     
10,381
 
Valuation allowance at end of period
   
(554
)
   
(1,638
)
   
(1,654
)
   
(1,405
)
   
(1,191
)
Total real estate owned, net
   
748
     
2,152
     
4,558
     
6,118
     
9,190
 
                                         
Total non-performing assets
 
$
7,773
   
$
8,707
   
$
10,626
   
$
15,975
   
$
26,794
 
                                         
Total non-accrual loans to total loans, net
   
0.51
%
   
0.48
%
   
0.47
%
   
0.84
%
   
1.58
%
Total non-accrual loans to total assets
   
0.35
%
   
0.34
%
   
0.34
%
   
0.55
%
   
1.00
%
Total non-performing assets to total assets
   
0.39
%
   
0.45
%
   
0.59
%
   
0.89
%
   
1.52
%

All loans that meet or exceed 90 days with respect to past due principal and interest are recognized as non-accrual. Troubled debt restructurings which are still on non-accrual status either due to being past due 90 days or greater, or which have not yet performed under the modified terms for a reasonable period of time, are included in the table above. In addition, loans which are past due less than 90 days are evaluated to determine the likelihood of collectability given other credit risk factors such as early stage delinquency, the nature of the collateral or the results of a borrower fiscal review. When the collection of all contractual principal and interest is determined to be unlikely, the loan is moved to non-accrual status and an updated appraisal of the underlying collateral is ordered. This process generally takes place between 60 and 90 days past contractual due dates. Upon determining the updated estimated value of the collateral, a loan loss provision is recorded to establish a specific reserve to the extent that the outstanding principal balance exceeds the updated estimated net realizable value of the collateral. When a loan is determined to be uncollectible, generally coinciding with the initiation of foreclosure action, the specific reserve is reviewed for adequacy, adjusted if necessary, and charged-off.

The following table sets forth activity in our non-accrual loans for the years indicated.

   
At and for the Year Ended December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2017
   
2016
   
2015
 
   
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
                               
Balance at beginning of year
 
$
6,555
   
$
6,068
   
$
9,857
   
$
17,604
   
$
38,011
 
Additions
   
3,716
     
3,147
     
3,149
     
3,114
     
10,165
 
Transfers to real estate owned
   
(1,052
)
   
(545
)
   
(2,171
)
   
(4,590
)
   
(15,580
)
Charge-offs
   
(31
)
   
(6
)
   
(766
)
   
(667
)
   
(3,809
)
Returned to accrual status
   
(650
)
   
(777
)
   
(2,716
)
   
(4,183
)
   
(5,824
)
Principal paydowns
   
(1,513
)
   
(1,332
)
   
(1,285
)
   
(1,421
)
   
(5,359
)
Balance at end of year
 
$
7,025
   
$
6,555
   
$
6,068
   
$
9,857
   
$
17,604
 

- 10 -

Total non-accrual loans increased by $470,000, or 7.2%, to $7.0 million as of December 31, 2019 compared to $6.6 million as of December 31, 2018.  The ratio of non-accrual loans to total loans receivable was 0.51% at December 31, 2019 compared to 0.48% at December 31, 2018.  During the year ended December 31, 2019, $1.1 million was transferred to real estate owned, $31,000 in loan principal was charged off, $1.5 million in principal payments were received and $650,000 in loans were returned to accrual status. Offsetting this activity, $3.7 million in loans were placed on non-accrual status during the year ended December 31, 2019.

Of the $7.0 million in total non-accrual loans as of December 31, 2019, $6.2 million in loans have been specifically reviewed to assess whether a specific valuation allowance is necessary.  A specific valuation allowance is established for an amount equal to the impairment when the carrying value of the loan exceeds the present value of expected future cash flows, discounted at the loan’s original effective interest rate or the fair value of the underlying collateral with an adjustment made for costs to dispose of the asset.  Based upon these specific reviews, a total of $1.6 million in partial charge-offs have been recorded with respect to these loans as of December 31, 2019. Partially charged-off loans measured for impairment based upon net realizable collateral value are maintained in a “non-performing” status and are disclosed as impaired loans.  In addition, specific reserves totaling $39,000 have been recorded as of December 31, 2019.  The remaining $862,000 of non-accrual loans were reviewed on an aggregate basis and $172,000 in general valuation allowance was deemed necessary related to those loans as of December 31, 2019.  The $172,000 in general valuation allowance is based upon a migration analysis performed with respect to similar non-accrual loans in prior periods.

The outstanding principal balance of our five largest non-accrual loans as of December 31, 2019 totaled $2.0 million, which represents 22.0% of total non-accrual loans as of that date.  These five loans did not have any charge-offs or require any specific valuation allowances as of December 31, 2019.

For the year ended December 31, 2019, gross interest income that would have been recorded had our non-accruing loans been current in accordance with their original terms was $547,000.  We received $468,000 of interest payments on such loans during the year ended December 31, 2019. Interest payments received are treated as interest income on a cash basis as long as the remaining book value of the loan (i.e., after charge-off of all identified losses) is deemed to be fully collectible. If the remaining book value is not deemed to be fully collectible, all payments received are applied to unpaid principal. Determination as to the ultimate collectability of the remaining book value is supported by an updated credit department evaluation of the borrower's financial condition and prospects for repayment, including consideration of the borrower's sustained historical repayment performance and other relevant factors.

There were no accruing loans past due 90 days or more during the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 or 2017.


Troubled Debt Restructurings.  The following table summarizes troubled debt restructurings by the Company’s internal risk rating.

   
At December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2017
   
2016
   
2015
 
   
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
Troubled debt restructurings
                             
Substandard
 
$
4,018
   
$
4,256
   
$
5,035
   
$
7,025
   
$
14,436
 
Watch
   
-
     
2,476
     
47
     
3,112
     
3,103
 
Total troubled debt restructurings
 
$
4,018
   
$
6,732
   
$
5,082
   
$
10,137
   
$
17,539
 

Troubled debt restructurings totaled $4.0 million at December 31, 2019, compared to $6.7 million at December 31, 2018. At December 31, 2019, $3.6 million of troubled debt restructurings, or 88.9%, were performing in accordance with their restructured terms. All troubled debt restructurings are considered to be impaired and are risk rated as either substandard or watch and are included in the internal risk rating tables disclosed in the notes to the consolidated financial statements. Specific reserves have been established to the extent that the collateral-based impairment analyses indicate that a collateral shortfall exists or to the extent that a discounted cash flow analysis results in an impairment.

We do not participate in government-sponsored troubled debt restructuring programs.  Our troubled debt restructurings are short-term modifications.  Typical initial restructured terms include six to twelve months of principal forbearance, a reduction in interest rate or both.  Restructured terms do not include a reduction of the outstanding principal balance unless mandated by a bankruptcy court. Troubled debt restructuring terms may be renewed or further modified at the end of the initial term for an additional period if performance has been acceptable and the short-term borrower difficulty persists.

- 11 -

Information with respect to the accrual status of our troubled debt restructurings is provided in the following table.

   
At December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
   
Accruing
   
Non-accruing
   
Accruing
   
Non-accruing
 
   
(In Thousands)
 
                         
One- to four-family
 
$
2,740
   
$
685
   
$
2,740
   
$
844
 
Multi-family
   
-
     
308
     
-
     
372
 
Commercial real estate
   
278
     
7
     
2,759
     
17
 
   
$
3,018
   
$
1,000
   
$
5,499
   
$
1,233
 

The following table sets forth activity in our troubled debt restructurings for the years indicated.

   
At or for the Year Ended December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
   
Accruing
   
Non-accruing
   
Accruing
   
Non-accruing
 
   
(In Thousands)
 
Balance at beginning of year
 
$
5,499
   
$
1,233
   
$
3,077
   
$
2,005
 
Additions
   
-
     
-
     
2,476
     
-
 
Change in accrual status
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Charge-offs
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Returned to contractual/market terms
   
-
     
-
     
(46
)
   
-
 
Transferred to real estate owned
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Principal paydowns
   
(2,481
)
   
(233
)
   
(8
)
   
(772
)
Balance at end of period
 
$
3,018
   
$
1,000
   
$
5,499
   
$
1,233
 

For the year ended December 31, 2019, gross interest income that would have been recorded had our troubled debt restructurings been current in accordance with their contractual terms was $338,000.  We received $310,000 of interest payments on such loans during the year ended December 31, 2019. Interest payments received on non-accrual troubled debt restructurings are treated as interest income on a cash basis as long as the remaining book value of the loan (i.e., after charge-off of all identified losses) is deemed to be fully collectible. If the remaining book value is not deemed to be fully collectible, all payments received are applied to unpaid principal. Determination as to the ultimate collectability of the remaining book value is supported by an updated credit department evaluation of the borrower's financial condition and prospects for repayment, including consideration of the borrower's sustained historical repayment performance and other relevant factors.

If a restructured loan is current in all respects and a minimum of six consecutive restructured payments have been received, it can be considered for return to accrual status.  After a restructured loan that is current in all respects reverts to contractual/market terms, if a credit department review indicates no evidence of elevated market risk, the loan is removed from the troubled debt restructuring classification. The restructured loan will be classified as a troubled debt restructuring for at least the calendar year after the modification even after returning to a contractual/market rate and accrual status.


Loan Delinquency.  The following table summarizes loan delinquency in total dollars and as a percentage of the total loan portfolio:

    
At December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
    
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
             
Loans past due less than 90 days
 
$
1,833
   
$
1,925
 
Loans past due 90 days or more
   
4,632
     
5,025
 
Total loans past due
 
$
6,465
   
$
6,950
 
                 
Total loans past due to total loans receivable
   
0.47
%
   
0.50
%

- 12 -

Past due loans decreased by $485,000, or 7.0%, to $6.5 million at December 31, 2019 from $7.0 million at December 31, 2018.  Loans past due 90 days or more decreased by $393,000, or 7.8%, and loans past due less than 90 days decreased by $92,000, or 4.8%, during the year ended December 31, 2019.  The $485,000 decrease in loans past due was primarily due to a decrease in the multi family loans of $577,000 during the year ended December 31, 2019.

Potential Problem Loans.  We define potential problem loans as substandard loans which are still accruing interest.  We do not necessarily expect to realize losses on potential problem loans, but we recognize potential problem loans carry a higher probability of default and require additional attention by management.  The aggregate principal amounts of potential problem loans as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 were $4.0 million and $4.5 million, respectively.  Management believes it has established an adequate allowance for probable loan losses as appropriate under generally accepted accounting principles.


Real Estate Owned.  Total real estate owned decreased by $1.4 million, or 65.2%, to $748,000 at December 31, 2019, compared to $2.2 million at December 31, 2018.  During the year ended December 31, 2019, $1.1 million was transferred from loans to real estate owned upon completion of foreclosure. During the same period, sales of real estate owned totaled $2.4 million. There were no write-downs during the year ended December 31, 2019.

 New appraisals received on real estate owned and collateral dependent impaired loans are based upon an "as is value" assumption.  During the period of time in which we are awaiting receipt of an updated appraisal, loans evaluated for impairment based upon collateral value are measured by the following:

● Applying an updated adjustment factor to an existing appraisal;

● Confirming that the physical condition of the real estate has not significantly changed since the last valuation date;

● Comparing the estimated current value of the collateral to that of updated sales values experienced on similar collateral;

● Comparing the estimated current value of the collateral to that of updated values seen on current appraisals of similar collateral; and

● Comparing the estimated current value to that of updated listed sales prices on our real estate owned and that of similar properties (not owned by the Company).

We owned five properties at December 31, 2019, compared to 12 properties as of December 31, 2018 and 33 properties at December 31, 2017.  Habitable real estate owned is managed with the intent of attracting a lessee to generate revenue. Foreclosed properties are transferred to real estate owned at estimated net realizable value, with charge-offs, if any, charged to the allowance for loan losses upon transfer to real estate owned.  The fair value is primarily based upon updated appraisals in addition to an analysis of current real estate market conditions.

Allowance for Loan Losses

We establish valuation allowances on loans that are deemed to be impaired. A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that we will not be able to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. A valuation allowance is established for an amount equal to the impairment when the carrying amount of the loan exceeds the present value of the expected future cash flows, discounted at the loan’s original effective interest rate or the fair value of the underlying collateral.

We also establish valuation allowances based on an evaluation of the various risk components that are inherent in the loan portfolio. The risk components that are evaluated include past loan loss experience; the level of non-performing and classified assets; current economic conditions; volume, growth, and composition of the loan portfolio; adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay; the estimated value of any underlying collateral; regulatory guidance; and other relevant factors. The allowance is increased by provisions charged to earnings and recoveries of previously charged-off loans and reduced by charge-offs. The appropriateness of the allowance for loan losses is reviewed and approved quarterly by the WaterStone Bank board of directors. The allowance reflects management’s best estimate of the amount needed to provide for the probable loss on impaired loans and other inherent losses in the loan portfolio, and is based on a risk model developed and implemented by management and approved by the WaterStone Bank board of directors.

Actual results could differ from this estimate, and future additions to the allowance may be necessary based on unforeseen changes in loan quality and economic conditions. In addition, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the WDFI, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review WaterStone Bank’s allowance for loan losses. Such regulators have the authority to require WaterStone Bank to recognize additions to the allowance based on their judgments of information available to them at the time of their review or examination.

Any loan that is 90 or more days past due is placed on non-accrual and classified as a non-performing loan. A loan is classified as impaired when it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due in accordance with the terms of the loan agreement. Non-performing loans are then evaluated and accounted for in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

- 13 -

The following table sets forth activity in our allowance for loan losses for the years indicated.

      
At or for the Year
 
      
Ended December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2017
   
2016
   
2015
 
      
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
                               
Balance at beginning of year
 
$
13,249
   
$
14,077
   
$
16,029
   
$
16,185
   
$
18,706
 
Provision (credit) for loan losses
   
(900
)
   
(1,060
)
   
(1,166
)
   
380
     
1,965
 
Charge-offs:
                                       
Mortgage loans
                                       
One- to four-family
   
125
     
69
     
1,364
     
1,003
     
3,855
 
Multi-family
   
3
     
14
     
92
     
489
     
2,281
 
Home equity
   
44
     
1
     
-
     
112
     
72
 
Construction and land
   
-
     
-
     
14
     
3
     
84
 
Commercial real estate
   
2
     
-
     
7
     
-
     
45
 
Consumer
   
5
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
3
 
Commercial
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Total charge-offs
   
179
     
84
     
1,477
     
1,607
     
6,340
 
Recoveries:
                                       
   Mortgage loans
                                       
One- to four-family
   
135
     
159
     
293
     
811
     
649
 
Multi-family
   
30
     
89
     
208
     
152
     
992
 
Home equity
   
27
     
26
     
26
     
36
     
110
 
Construction and land
   
-
     
40
     
162
     
72
     
58
 
Commercial real estate
   
25
     
2
     
1
     
-
     
40
 
Consumer
   
-
     
-
     
1
     
-
     
5
 
Commercial
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Total recoveries
   
217
     
316
     
691
     
1,071
     
1,854
 
                                         
Net (recoveries) charge-offs
   
(38
)
   
(232
)
   
786
     
536
     
4,486
 
Allowance at end of year
 
$
12,387
   
$
13,249
   
$
14,077
   
$
16,029
   
$
16,185
 
                                         
Ratios:
                                       
Allowance for loan losses to non-performing loans at end of year
   
176.33
%
   
202.12
%
   
231.99
%
   
162.62
%
   
91.94
%
Allowance for loan losses to loans outstanding at end of year
   
0.89
%
   
0.96
%
   
1.09
%
   
1.36
%
   
1.45
%
Net (recoveries) charge-offs to average loans outstanding
   
(0.00
%)
   
(0.02
%)
   
0.06
%
   
0.05
%
   
0.37
%
Current year provision (credit) for loan losses to net (recoveries) charge-offs
   
2,368.42
%
   
456.90
%
   
(148.35
%)
   
70.90
%
   
43.80
%
Net (recoveries) charge-offs to beginning of the year allowance
   
(0.29
%)
   
(1.65
%)
   
4.90
%
   
3.31
%
   
23.98
%

- 14 -

Allocation of Allowance for Loan Losses.  The following table sets forth the allowance for loan losses allocated by loan category, the total loan balances by category, and the percent of loans in each category to total loans at the dates indicated. The allowance for loan losses allocated to each category is not necessarily indicative of future losses in any particular category and does not restrict the use of the allowance to absorb losses in other categories.

     
At December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2017
 
     
Allowance for Loan Losses
   
% of Loans in Category to Total Loans
   
% of Allowance in Category to Total Allowance
   
Allowance for Loan Losses
   
% of Loans in Category to Total Loans
   
% of Allowance in Category to Total Allowance
   
Allowance for Loan Losses
   
% of Loans in Category to Total Loans
   
% of Allowance in Category to Total Allowance
 
     
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
Real Estate:
                                                     
Residential
                                                     
One- to four-family
 
$
4,907
     
34.60
%
   
39.61
%
 
$
5,742
     
35.53
%
   
43.34
%
 
$
5,794
     
34.03
%
   
41.16
%
Multi-family
   
4,138
     
42.14
%
   
33.41
%
   
4,153
     
43.29
%
   
31.35
%
   
4,431
     
44.77
%
   
31.48
%
Home equity
   
201
     
1.30
%
   
1.62
%
   
325
     
1.45
%
   
2.45
%
   
356
     
1.64
%
   
2.53
%
Construction and land
   
610
     
2.67
%
   
4.92
%
   
400
     
0.97
%
   
3.02
%
   
949
     
1.54
%
   
6.74
%
Commercial real estate
   
2,145
     
17.05
%
   
17.32
%
   
2,126
     
16.35
%
   
16.05
%
   
1,881
     
15.16
%
   
13.36
%
Commercial
   
372
     
2.18
%
   
3.00
%
   
483
     
2.38
%
   
3.65
%
   
656
     
2.84
%
   
4.66
%
Consumer
   
14
     
0.06
%
   
0.11
%
   
20
     
0.03
%
   
0.15
%
   
10
     
0.02
%
   
0.07
%
Total allowance for loan losses
 
$
12,387
     
100.00
%
   
100.00
%
 
$
13,249
     
100.00
%
   
100.00
%
 
$
14,077
     
100.00
%
   
100.00
%


     
At December 31,
 
   
2016
   
2015
 
     
Allowance for Loan Losses
   
% of Loans in Category to Total Loans
   
% of Allowance in Category to Total Allowance
   
Allowance for Loan Losses
   
% of Loans in Category to Total Loans
   
% of Allowance in Category to Total Allowance
 
     
(Dollars In Thousands)
 
Real Estate:
                                   
Residential
                                   
One- to four-family
 
$
7,164
     
33.35
%
   
44.69
%
 
$
7,763
     
34.26
%
   
47.96
%
Multi-family
   
4,809
     
47.42
%
   
30.00
%
   
5,000
     
49.08
%
   
30.89
%
Home equity
   
364
     
1.85
%
   
2.27
%
   
433
     
2.18
%
   
2.68
%
Construction and land
   
1,016
     
1.54
%
   
6.34
%
   
904
     
1.72
%
   
5.59
%
Commercial real estate
   
1,951
     
13.53
%
   
12.17
%
   
1,680
     
10.66
%
   
10.38
%
Commercial
   
713
     
2.28
%
   
4.45
%
   
396
     
2.07
%
   
2.45
%
Consumer
   
12
     
0.03
%
   
0.07
%
   
9
     
0.03
%
   
0.06
%
Total allowance for loan losses
 
$
16,029
     
100.00
%
   
100.00
%
 
$
16,185
     
100.00
%
   
100.00
%


All impaired loans meeting the criteria established by management are evaluated individually, based primarily on the value of the collateral securing each loan and the ability of the borrowers to repay according to the terms of the loans, or based upon an analysis of the present value of the expected future cash flows under the original contract terms as compared to the modified terms in the case of certain troubled debt restructurings.  Specific loss allowances are established as required by this analysis.  At least once each quarter, management evaluates the appropriateness of the balance of the allowance for loan losses based on several factors some of which are not loan specific, but are reflective of the inherent losses in the loan portfolio.  This process includes, but is not limited to, a periodic review of loan collectability in light of historical experience, the nature and volume of loan activity, conditions that may affect the ability of the borrower to repay, underlying value of collateral and economic conditions in our immediate market area.  All loans for which a specific loss review is not required are segregated by loan type and a loss allowance is established by using loss experience data and management’s judgment concerning other matters it considers significant including trends in non-performing loan balances, impaired loan balances, classified asset balances and the current economic environment.  The allowance is allocated to each category of loans based on the results of the above analysis.

- 15 -

Our underwriting policies and procedures emphasize that credit decisions must rely on both the credit quality of the borrower and the estimated value of the underlying collateral.  Credit quality is assured only when the estimated value of the collateral is objectively determined and is not subject to significant fluctuation.

The allowance for loan losses has been determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principals (GAAP). We are responsible for the timely and periodic determination of the amount of the allowance required. Any future provisions for loan losses will continue to be based upon our assessment of the overall loan portfolio and the underlying collateral, trends in non-performing loans, current economic conditions and other relevant factors. To the best of management's knowledge, all probable losses have been provided for in the allowance for loan losses.

The establishment of the amount of the loan loss allowance inherently involves judgments by management as to the appropriateness of the allowance, which ultimately may or may not be correct. Higher than anticipated rates of loan default would likely result in a need to increase provisions in future years.

At December 31, 2019, the allowance for loan losses was $12.4 million, compared to $13.2 million at December 31, 2018.  As of December 31, 2019, the allowance for loan losses to total loans receivable was 0.89% and  176.33% of non-performing loans, compared to 0.96%, and 202.12%, respectively at December 31, 2018.  The decrease in the allowance for loan losses during the year ended December 31, 2019 reflects a continued stabilization in the quality of the loan portfolio and continued improvement in the overall risk profile of the loan portfolio.

Net recoveries totaled $38,000, or less than 0.01% of average loans for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to net recoveries $232,000, or 0.02% of average loans for the year ended December 31, 2018.  The $194,000 decrease in net recoveries was primarily the result of an increase in charge-offs in the one- to four-family and home equity loan categories offset primarily by an increase in recoveries for the commercial real estate loan category.  Net recoveries related to loans secured by one- to four-family residential loans decreased $80,000, to $10,000 in net recoveries for year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to net recoveries of $90,000 for the year ended December 31, 2018.  Net recoveries related to loans secured by multi-family loans decreased $48,000 to net recoveries of $27,000 for year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to net recoveries of $75,000 for the year ended December 31, 2018.  Net charge-offs related to loans secured by home equity loans increased $42,000, to net charge-offs of $17,000 for year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to net recoveries of $25,000 for the year ended December 31, 2018. Net recoveries related to loans secured by construction and land loans decreased $40,000 to no net recoveries for year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to recoveries of $40,000 for the year ended December 31, 2018. Partially offsetting the increases in net charge-offs, net recoveries related to loans secured by commercial real estate loans increased $21,000, to net recoveries of $23,000 for year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to net recoveries of $2,000 for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Mortgage Banking Activity

In addition to the lending activities previously discussed, we also originate single-family residential mortgage loans for sale in the secondary market through Waterstone Mortgage Corporation.  Waterstone Mortgage Corporation originated $2.92 billion in mortgage loans held for sale during the year ended December 31, 2019, which was an volume increase of $324.5 million, or 12.5%, from the $2.60 billion originated during the year ended December 31, 2018.   The increase in loan production volume was driven by a 122.9% volume increase in refinance products and 1.0% increase in mortgage purchase products.  Total mortgage banking income increased $11.5 million, or 9.9%, to $126.9 million during the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to $115.4 million during the year ended December 31, 2018. Offsetting the increase in the volume of loans originated and sold, gross margin on those loans originated and sold decreased approximately 1.9% for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018.  Gross margin on those loans originated and sold is the ratio of mortgage banking income (excluding the change in interest rate lock fair value) divided by total loan originations.  We sell loans on both a servicing-released and a servicing retained basis.  Waterstone Mortgage Corporation has contracted with a third party to service the loans for which we retain servicing.

Our gross margin can be affected by the mix of both loan type (conventional loans versus governmental) and loan purpose (purchase versus refinance).  Conventional loans include loans that conform to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac standards, whereas governmental loans are those loans guaranteed by the federal government, such as a Federal Housing Authority or U.S. Department of Agriculture loan.  Loans originated for the purchase of a residential property, which generally yield a higher margin than loans originated for refinancing existing loans, comprised 81.4% of total originations during the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to 90.6% of total originations during the year ended December 31, 2018.  The mix of loan type trended towards more governmental loans and less conventional loans comprising 30.5% and 69.5% of all loan originations, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to 30.3% and 69.7% of all loan originations, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2018.

Investment Activities

Wauwatosa Investments, Inc. is WaterStone Bank’s investment subsidiary headquartered in the State of Nevada.  Wauwatosa Investments, Inc. manages the back office function for WaterStone Bank’s investment portfolio. Our Chief Financial Officer and Treasury Officer are responsible for executing purchases and sales in accordance with our investment policy and monitoring the investment activities of Wauwatosa Investments, Inc. The investment policy is reviewed annually by management and changes to the policy are recommended to and subject to the approval of WaterStone Bank's board of directors. Authority to make investments under the approved investment policy guidelines is delegated by the board to designated employees. While general investment strategies are developed and authorized by management, the execution of specific actions rests with the Chief Financial Officer and Treasury Officer who may act jointly in performing security trades. The Chief Financial Officer and Treasury Officer are responsible for ensuring that the guidelines and requirements included in the investment policy are followed and that all securities are considered prudent for investment. The Chief Financial Officer and the Treasury Officer are authorized to execute investment transactions (purchases and sales) without the prior approval of the board provided they are within the scope of the established investment policy.

Our investment policy requires that all securities transactions be conducted in a safe and sound manner. Investment decisions are based upon a thorough analysis of each security instrument to determine its quality, inherent risks, fit within our overall asset/liability management objectives, effect on our risk-based capital measurement and prospects for yield and/or appreciation.

 Consistent with our overall business and asset/liability management strategy, which focuses on sustaining adequate levels of core earnings, our investment portfolio is comprised primarily of securities that are classified as available for sale.  During the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, no investment securities were sold. During the year ended December 31, 2017, one municipal security with a total book value of $555,000 was sold at a loss of $107,000.

- 16 -

Available for Sale Portfolio

Mortgage-backed Securities and Collateralized Mortgage Obligations.  We purchase mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations guaranteed by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae.  We invest in mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations to achieve positive interest rate spreads with minimal administrative expense, and to lower our credit risk.  We regularly monitor the credit quality of this portfolio.

Mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations are created by the pooling of mortgages and the issuance of a security.  These securities typically represent a participation interest in a pool of single-family or multi-family mortgages, although we focus our investments on mortgage related securities backed by one- to four-family mortgages.  The issuers of such securities pool and resell the participation interests in the form of securities to investors such as WaterStone Bank, and in the case of government agency sponsored issues, guarantee the payment of principal and interest to investors.  Mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations generally yield less than the loans that underlie such securities because of the cost of payment guarantees, if any, and credit enhancements.  These fixed-rate securities are usually more liquid than individual mortgage loans.

At December 31, 2019, mortgage-backed securities totaled $34.2 million. The mortgage-backed securities portfolio had a weighted average yield of 2.59% and a weighted average remaining life of 4.6 years at December 31, 2019. The estimated fair value of our mortgage-backed securities portfolio at December 31, 2019 was $377,000 greater than the amortized cost of $33.8 million. Mortgage-backed securities valued at $1.2 million were pledged as collateral for mortgage banking activities as of December 31, 2019. Investments in mortgage-backed securities involve a risk that actual prepayments may differ from estimated prepayments over the life of the security, which may require adjustments to the amortization of any premium or accretion of any discount relating to such instruments, thereby changing the net yield on such securities. There is also reinvestment risk associated with the cash flows from such securities or if such securities are redeemed by the issuer. In addition, the fair value of such securities may be adversely affected in a rising interest rate environment, particularly since all of our mortgage-backed securities have a fixed rate of interest. The relatively short weighted average remaining life of our mortgage-backed security portfolio mitigates our potential risk of loss in a rising interest rate environment.

At December 31, 2019, collateralized mortgage obligations totaled $81.8 million. At December 31, 2019, the collateralized mortgage obligations portfolio consisted entirely of securities backed by government sponsored enterprises or U.S. Government agencies.  The collateralized mortgage obligations portfolio had a weighted average yield of 2.64% and a weighted average remaining life of 3.1 years at December 31, 2019. The estimated fair value of our collateralized mortgage obligations portfolio at December 31, 2019 was $522,000 greater than the amortized cost of $81.2 million. Investments in collateralized mortgage obligations involve a risk that actual prepayments may differ from estimated prepayments over the life of the security, which may require adjustments to the amortization of any premium or accretion of any discount relating to such instruments, thereby changing the net yield on such securities. There is also reinvestment risk associated with the cash flows from such securities or if such securities are redeemed by the issuer. In addition, the fair value of such securities may be adversely affected in a rising interest rate environment, particularly since all of our collateralized mortgage obligations have a fixed rate of interest. The relatively short weighted average remaining life of our collateralized mortgage obligation portfolio mitigates our potential risk of loss in a rising interest rate environment.

Municipal Obligations.  These securities consist of obligations issued by school districts, counties and municipalities or their agencies and include general obligation bonds, industrial development revenue bonds and other revenue bonds.  Our investment policy requires that such municipal obligations be rated A+ or better by a nationally recognized rating agency at the date of purchase.  A security that is downgraded below investment grade will require additional analysis of creditworthiness and a determination will be made to hold or dispose of the investment.  We regularly monitor the credit quality of this portfolio.  At December 31, 2019, our municipal obligations portfolio totaled $53.7 million, all of which was classified as available for sale.  The weighted average yield on this portfolio was 3.10% at December 31, 2019, with a weighted average remaining life of 4.3 years.  The estimated fair value of our municipal obligations bond portfolio at December 31, 2019 was $1.8 million greater than the amortized cost of $51.9 million.

As of December 31, 2019, the Company identified one municipal security that was deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired.  The security was issued by a tax incremental district in a municipality located in Wisconsin.  During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company received audited financial statements with respect to the municipal issuer that called into question the ability of the underlying taxing district that issued the securities to operate as a going concern.  During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company’s analysis of the security in this municipality resulted in $77,000 in credit losses that were charged to earnings with respect to this municipal security. An additional $17,000 credit loss was charged to earnings during the year ended December 31, 2014 with respect to this security as a sale occurred at a discounted price. As of December 31, 2019, the remaining impaired bond had an amortized cost of $116,000 and a total life-to-date impairment of $94,000.  

Other Debt Securities.  As of December 31, 2019, we held other debt securities with a fair value of $8.9 million and amortized cost of $10.0 million.  Other debt securities consists of one corporate bond. The weighted average yield on this portfolio was 1.39% at December 31, 2019, with a weighted average remaining life of 10.3 years.  We regularly monitor the credit quality of this portfolio.

      
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Investment Securities Portfolio.

The following table sets forth the carrying values of our available for sale securities portfolio at the dates indicated.

    
At December 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2017
 
    
Amortized
         
Amortized
         
Amortized
       
   
Cost
   
Fair Value
   
Cost
   
Fair Value
   
Cost
   
Fair Value
 
    
(In Thousands)
 
                                     
Securities available for sale:
                                   
                                     
Mortgage-backed securities
 
$
33,773
   
$
34,150
   
$
42,105
   
$
41,631
   
$
57,351
   
$
57,435
 
Collateralized mortgage obligations
                                               
Government sponsored enterprise issued
   
81,232
     
81,754
     
75,923
     
74,955
     
61,313
     
60,500
 
Government sponsored enterprise bonds
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
2,500
     
2,497
 
Municipal obligations
   
51,898
     
53,692
     
55,242
     
55,948
     
62,516
     
63,769
 
Other debt securities
   
10,000
     
8,880
     
15,002
     
13,186
     
15,005
     
14,525
 
Certificates of deposit
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
980
     
981
 
Total securities available for sale
 
$
176,903
   
$
178,476
   
$
188,272
   
$
185,720
   
$
199,665
   
$
199,707
 

The following table sets forth, by issuer, the amortized cost and estimated fair value of our investments in a single issuer, as of December 31, 2019, that exceeded 10% of our stockholders’ equity as of that date.

   
At December 31, 2019
 
   
Amortized Cost
   
Fair Value
 
   
(In Thousands)
 
             
Fannie Mae
 
$
67,644
   
$
68,166
 
Freddie Mac
   
39,549
     
39,874
 

Portfolio Maturities and Yields.  The composition and maturities of the securities portfolio at December 31, 2019 are summarized in the following table.  Maturities are based on the final contractual payment dates and do not reflect the impact of prepayments or early redemptions that may occur.  Municipal obligation yields have not been adjusted to a tax-equivalent basis.  Certain mortgage related securities have interest rates that are adjustable and will reprice annually within the various maturity ranges.  These repricing schedules are not reflected in the table below.

     
One Year or Less
   
More than One Year through Five Years
   
More than Five Years through Ten Years
   
More than Ten Years
   
Total Securities
 
         
Weighted
         
Weighted
         
Weighted
         
Weighted
         
Weighted
 
     
Amortized
   
Average
   
Amortized
   
Average
   
Amortized
   
Average
   
Amortized
   
Average
   
Amortized
   
Average