10-Q 1 tmhc-093018x10q.htm 10-Q Document

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
OR

¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number: 001-35873
 
 
TAYLOR MORRISON HOME CORPORATION
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)
 
Delaware
 
83-2026677
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
4900 N. Scottsdale Road, Suite 2000
Scottsdale, Arizona
 
85251
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(480) 840-8100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)  
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer
 
ý
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
Emerging growth company
 
¨


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange
Act. ¨                                               
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
  
Outstanding as of October 31, 2018
Class A common stock, $0.00001 par value
  
118,678,633
 



TAYLOR MORRISON HOME CORPORATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

1


NOTE REGARDING THIS QUARTERLY REPORT
On October 26, 2018, Taylor Morrison Home II Corporation, a Delaware corporation formerly known as Taylor Morrison Home Corporation (“Original Taylor Morrison”) completed a holding company reorganization (the “Reorganization”), which resulted in a new parent company (“New Taylor Morrison”) owning all of the outstanding common stock of Original Taylor Morrison. New Taylor Morrison assumed the name Taylor Morrison Home Corporation. Consequently, Original Taylor Morrison became a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of New Taylor Morrison. In the holding company reorganization, Original Taylor Morrison’s stockholders became stockholders of New Taylor Morrison, on a one-for-one basis, with the same number of shares and same ownership percentage of the corresponding class of Original Taylor Morrison common stock that they held immediately prior to the holding company reorganization.
New Taylor Morrison, as the successor issuer to Original Taylor Morrison (pursuant to Rule 12g-3(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)), began making filings under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the Exchange Act on October 26, 2018.
The business, executive officers and directors of New Taylor Morrison immediately following the Reorganization were identical to the business, executive officers and directors of Original Taylor Morrison immediately prior to the Reorganization.
References to “Taylor Morrison Home Corporation”, “ the Company”, “we”, “us”, or “our” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (including in the consolidated financial statements and condensed notes thereto in this report) have the following meanings, unless the context otherwise requires:
For periods prior to October 26, 2018: Original Taylor Morrison and its subsidiaries.
For periods from and after October 26, 2018: New Taylor Morrison and its subsidiaries.


2


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

TAYLOR MORRISON HOME CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share amounts, unaudited)

 
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
382,054

 
$
573,925

Restricted cash
 
1,319

 
1,578

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
 
383,373

 
575,503

Owned inventory
 
3,255,300

 
2,956,709

Real estate not owned
 
13,811

 
2,527

Total real estate inventory
 
3,269,111

 
2,959,236

Land deposits
 
47,855

 
49,768

Mortgage loans held for sale
 
83,751

 
187,038

Derivative assets
 
2,329

 
1,584

Prepaid expenses and other assets, net
 
56,828

 
72,334

Other receivables, net
 
98,048

 
94,488

Investments in unconsolidated entities
 
179,249

 
192,364

Deferred tax assets, net
 
105,356

 
118,138

Property and equipment, net
 
38,258

 
7,112

Intangible assets, net
 
1,337

 
2,130

Goodwill
 
66,198

 
66,198

Total assets
 
$
4,331,693

 
$
4,325,893

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
124,731

 
$
140,165

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
188,681

 
201,540

Income taxes payable
 

 
4,525

Customer deposits
 
189,116

 
132,529

Senior notes, net
 
1,241,514

 
1,239,787

Loans payable and other borrowings
 
160,173

 
139,453

Revolving credit facility borrowings
 

 

Mortgage warehouse borrowings
 
54,457

 
118,822

Liabilities attributable to real estate not owned
 
13,811

 
2,527

Total liabilities
 
1,972,483

 
1,979,348

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Note 15)
 

 

Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
Class A common stock, $0.00001 par value, 400,000,000 shares authorized,
114,458,190 and 85,449,253 shares issued, 111,408,931 and 82,399,996 shares outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
 
1

 
1

Class B common stock, $0.00001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized,
863,434 and 37,179,616 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
 

 

Preferred stock, $0.00001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017
 

 

Additional paid-in capital
 
1,881,273

 
1,341,873

Treasury stock at cost, 3,049,257 shares as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017
 
(47,622
)
 
(47,622
)
Retained earnings
 
517,780

 
319,833

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(17,968
)
 
(17,968
)
Total stockholders’ equity attributable to Taylor Morrison Home Corporation
 
2,333,464

 
1,596,117

Non-controlling interests – joint ventures
 
4,504

 
1,663

Non-controlling interests
 
21,242

 
748,765

Total stockholders’ equity
 
2,359,210

 
2,346,545

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
4,331,693

 
$
4,325,893


See accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

3


TAYLOR MORRISON HOME CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts, unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Home closings revenue, net
 
$
1,014,168

 
$
886,249

 
$
2,703,692

 
$
2,526,830

Land closings revenue
 
5,170

 
4,299

 
18,335

 
11,419

Financial services revenue
 
17,041

 
17,479

 
47,513


47,362

Total revenues
 
1,036,379

 
908,027

 
2,769,540

 
2,585,611

Cost of home closings
 
822,950

 
721,637

 
2,202,377

 
2,062,437

Cost of land closings
 
3,979

 
3,002

 
14,704

 
7,869

Financial services expenses
 
10,451

 
12,070

 
31,647


30,874

Total cost of revenues
 
837,380

 
736,709

 
2,248,728

 
2,101,180

Gross margin
 
198,999

 
171,318

 
520,812

 
484,431

Sales, commissions and other marketing costs
 
67,504

 
61,476

 
185,806

 
178,609

General and administrative expenses
 
33,016

 
33,374

 
101,795

 
100,396

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities
 
(2,514
)
 
(2,787
)
 
(9,777
)
 
(6,943
)
Interest income, net
 
(670
)
 
(135
)
 
(1,289
)
 
(314
)
Other expense, net
 
798

 
415

 
4,889

 
828

Income before income taxes
 
100,865

 
78,975

 
239,388

 
211,855

Income tax provision
 
6,424

 
24,282

 
38,123

 
65,631

Net income before allocation to non-controlling interests
 
94,441

 
54,693

 
201,265

 
146,224

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests — joint ventures
 
(159
)
 
(427
)
 
(428
)
 
(625
)
Net income before non-controlling interests
 
94,282

 
54,266

 
200,837

 
145,599

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
 
(714
)
 
(21,390
)
 
(4,391
)
 
(76,810
)
Net income available to Taylor Morrison Home Corporation
 
$
93,568

 
$
32,876

 
$
196,446

 
$
68,789

Earnings per common share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.84

 
$
0.45

 
$
1.75

 
$
1.21

Diluted
 
$
0.83

 
$
0.45

 
$
1.73

 
$
1.21

Weighted average number of shares of common stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
111,396

 
72,471

 
112,449

 
56,791

Diluted
 
113,440

 
121,183

 
116,378

 
120,991


See accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

4


TAYLOR MORRISON HOME CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands, unaudited)

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Income before non-controlling interests, net of tax
 
$
94,441

 
$
54,693

 
$
201,265

 
$
146,224

Comprehensive income attributable to non-controlling interests — joint ventures
 
(159
)
 
(427
)
 
(428
)
 
(625
)
Comprehensive income attributable to non-controlling interests
 
(714
)
 
(21,390
)
 
(4,391
)
 
(76,810
)
Comprehensive income available to Taylor Morrison Home Corporation
 
$
93,568

 
$
32,876

 
$
196,446

 
$
68,789


See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5


TAYLOR MORRISON HOME CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands, except share data, unaudited)

 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class A
 
Class B
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Treasury Stock
 
Stockholders' Equity
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares(2)
 
Amount
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated 
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Non-controlling
Interest - Joint
Venture
 
Non-controlling Interests(1)
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balance – December 31, 2017
 
82,399,996

 
$
1

 
37,179,616

 
$

 
$
1,341,873

 
3,049,257

 
$
(47,622
)
 
$
319,833

 
$
(17,968
)
 
$
1,663

 
$
748,765

 
$
2,346,545

Cumulative-effect adjustment to Retained Earnings, net of tax related to adoption of ASU No. 2014-09 (see Note 2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,501

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,501

Net income
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
196,446

 

 
428

 
4,391

 
201,265

Exchange of New TMM Units and corresponding number of Class B Common Stock
 
20,487

 

 
(20,487
)
 

 
1,293

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1,293
)
 

TMHC repurchase and cancellation of New TMM Units from Former Principal Equityholders
 

 

 
(7,588,771
)
 

 
(201,775
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(201,775
)
Exercise of stock options
 
118,992

 

 

 

 
1,887

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
1,887

Issuance of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for tax
 
162,532








(1,498
)













(1,498
)
Exchange of B shares from public offerings
 
28,706,924

 

 

 

 
729,954

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
729,954

Repurchase of New TMM Units from Former Principal Equityholders
 

 

 
(28,706,924
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(730,963
)
 
(730,963
)
Share based compensation
 

 

 

 

 
9,539

 

 

 

 

 

 
342

 
9,881

Changes in non-controlling interests of consolidated joint ventures
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
2,413

 

 
2,413

Balance – September 30, 2018
 
111,408,931

 
$
1

 
863,434

 
$

 
$
1,881,273

 
3,049,257

 
$
(47,622
)
 
$
517,780

 
$
(17,968
)
 
$
4,504

 
$
21,242

 
$
2,359,210

(1) As of September 30, 2018, the remaining Non-controlling Interest relates to management and director ownership. Refer to Note 10 - Stockholders' Equity for discussion regarding our equity offering transactions during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
(2) Refer to Note 17 - Subsequent Events for discussion regarding retirement of Class B Common Stock on October 26, 2018.


See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6


TAYLOR MORRISON HOME CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands, unaudited)

 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Net income before allocation to non-controlling interests
 
$
201,265

 
$
146,224

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities
 
(9,777
)
 
(6,943
)
Stock compensation expense
 
9,881

 
10,227

Distributions of earnings from unconsolidated entities
 
4,168

 
4,666

Depreciation and amortization
 
17,606

 
2,994

Debt issuance costs amortization
 
2,442

 
2,864

Contingent consideration
 
146

 
766

Deferred income taxes
 
12,782

 
(9,032
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Real estate inventory and land deposits
 
(296,678
)
 
(243,343
)
Mortgages held for sale, prepaid expenses and other assets
 
81,769

 
141,813

Customer deposits
 
56,587

 
74,031

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
(19,670
)
 
4,017

Income taxes payable
 
(4,525
)
 
4,491

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
55,996

 
132,775

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Purchase of property and equipment
 
(14,454
)
 
(1,843
)
Distributions of capital from unconsolidated entities
 
22,271

 
4,223

Investments of capital into unconsolidated entities
 
(3,547
)
 
(28,854
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
4,270

 
(26,474
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Increase in loans payable and other borrowings
 
27,158

 
8,644

Repayments of loans payable and other borrowings
 
(14,942
)
 
(11,305
)
Borrowings on mortgage warehouse
 
552,908

 
567,922

Repayment on mortgage warehouse
 
(617,273
)
 
(705,194
)
Payment of contingent consideration
 
(265
)
 

Proceeds from stock option exercises
 
1,887

 
4,791

Proceeds from issuance of shares from public offerings
 
767,116

 
882,306

TMHC repurchase and cancellation of New TMM Units from Former Principal Equityholders
 
(201,775
)
 

Repurchase of shares from Former Principal Equityholders
 
(768,125
)
 
(884,403
)
Repurchase of common stock, net
 

 
(4,098
)
Payment of taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards
 
(1,498
)
 
(307
)
Contributions to (Distributions to) non-controlling interests of consolidated joint ventures, net
 
2,413

 
(292
)
Net cash (used in) financing activities
 
(252,396
)
 
(141,936
)
NET (DECREASE)/INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
$
(192,130
)
 
$
(35,635
)
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH — Beginning of period
 
575,503

 
301,812

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH — End of period
 
$
383,373

 
$
266,177

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
 
 
 
 
Income taxes paid, net
 
$
(44,569
)
 
$
(70,172
)
SUPPLEMENTAL NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Change in loans payable issued to sellers in connection with land purchase contracts
 
$
53,099

 
$
55,151

Change in inventory not owned
 
$
11,284

 
$
(3,145
)
Change in Prepaid expenses and other assets, net due to adoption of ASU 2014-09
 
$
(32,004
)
 
$

Change in Property and equipment, net due to adoption of ASU 2014-09
 
$
32,004

 
$



See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7


TAYLOR MORRISON HOME CORPORATION
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. BUSINESS
Organization and Description of the Business — Taylor Morrison Home Corporation “TMHC” through its subsidiaries (with TMHC referred to herein as “we,” “our,” “the Company” and “us”), owns and operates a residential homebuilding business and is a developer of lifestyle communities. As of September 30, 2018, we operated in the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, North and South Carolina, and Texas. Our Company serves a wide array of consumer groups from coast to coast, including first time, move-up, luxury, and active adult. Our homebuilding company operates under our Taylor Morrison and Darling Homes brand names. Our business is organized into multiple homebuilding operating components, and a financial services component (formerly called our mortgage operating component), all of which are managed as four reportable segments: East, Central, West, and Financial Services. The communities in our homebuilding segments offer single family attached and detached homes. We are the general contractors for all real estate projects and retain subcontractors for home construction and site development. Our Financial Services reportable segment provides our customers with mortgage services through our wholly owned mortgage subsidiary, operating as Taylor Morrison Home Funding, LLC (“TMHF”), and title services through our wholly owned title services subsidiary, Inspired Title Services, LLC (“Inspired Title”).

As a result of the completion of our initial public offering (“IPO”) on April 12, 2013 and a series of transactions pursuant to a Reorganization Agreement dated as of April 9, 2013, TMHC was formed and became the owner and general partner of TMM Holdings II Limited Partnership (“New TMM”), our direct subsidiary. New TMM was formed by a consortium of investors comprised of affiliates of TPG Global, LLC (the “TPG Entities” or “TPG”), investment funds managed by Oaktree Capital Management, L.P. (“Oaktree”), and affiliates of JH Investments, Inc. (“JH” and together with the TPG Entities and Oaktree Entities, the “Former Principal Equityholders”).

From January 2017 through January 2018, we completed seven public offerings for an aggregate of 80.2 million shares of our Class A Common Stock, using all of the net proceeds therefrom to repurchase our Former Principal Equityholders' indirect interest in TMHC. In January 2018, we also purchased an additional 7.6 million shares of our Class B Common Stock from TPG and Oaktree. All equity interests in TMHC owned by JH were sold as of February 2017 and all equity interests in TMHC owned by TPG and Oaktree were sold as of February 2018. Refer to Note 10. Stockholders' Equity for discussion regarding our equity offering transactions.

On June 7, 2018 we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with AV Homes, Inc. (“AV Homes”). AV Homes is a homebuilder and land developer of residential communities in Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Arizona and Texas. AV Homes focuses on the development and construction of primary residential communities that serve first-time and move-up buyers, as well as age restricted active adult communities.

On October 2, 2018, we completed the acquisition of AV Homes (the “Acquisition”). At the closing of the merger, we paid approximately $280.4 million in cash and issued 8.95 million shares of our Class A common stock to stockholders of AV Homes as merger consideration.  In addition, at closing we assumed $80 million aggregate principal amount of AV Homes’ 6.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2020 (the “Convertible Notes”), all of which had been converted as of October 25, 2018 for approximately $95.8 million in cash, resulting in total purchase consideration for the Acquisition of approximately $535 million. In connection with the Acquisition, one of our subsidiaries also assumed $400 million aggregate principal amount of AV Homes’ 6.625% Senior Notes due 2022 (the “2022 Senior Notes”). 

Within 12 months after the completion of the merger, final valuations of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed will be completed. Refer to Note 17. Subsequent Events for additional information.

On October 26, 2018, we completed a holding company reorganization pursuant to which Taylor Morrison Home Corporation (formerly known as Taylor Morrison Homes Corporation), which was incorporated as a Delaware corporation in September 2018 (“New Taylor Morrison”), became the successor to Taylor Morrison Home II Corporation, a Delaware corporation formerly known as Taylor Morrison Home Corporation (“Original Taylor Morrison”). New Taylor Morrison assumed the name Taylor Morrison Home Corporation, the former publicly-traded company and now a wholly owned subsidiary of New Taylor Morrison (“Original Taylor Morrison”). Refer to Note 17. Subsequent Events for additional information.


2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

8


Basis of Presentation and Consolidation — The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2017 (the “Annual Report”). In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all normal and recurring adjustments that are considered necessary for the fair presentation of our results for the interim periods presented. Results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for a full fiscal year.

Non-controlling interests – During the first quarter of 2018, we completed sales of our Class A Common Stock in registered public offerings, totaling 28.7 million shares. We used all of the net proceeds from the public offerings to purchase partnership units in New TMM (“New TMM Units”) along with shares of our Class B Common Stock, held by TPG and Oaktree. Separately, in a series of transactions following each public offering, the Company purchased an additional 3.8 million shares of Class B common stock directly from TPG and Oaktree on both January 8, 2018 and January 17, 2018, for an aggregate total of 7.6 million shares purchased. As a result, we adjusted Non-controlling interests and Additional paid-in capital on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders' Equity to reflect the change in ownership. Refer to Note 10- Stockholders' Equity for discussion regarding our equity offering transactions.

Joint Ventures - We consolidate certain joint ventures in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 810, Consolidation.” The income from the percentage of the joint venture not owned by us in presented as “Net income attributable to non-controlling interests - joint ventures” on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Use of Estimates — The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. Significant estimates include real estate development costs to complete, valuation of real estate, valuation of acquired assets, valuation of goodwill, valuation of equity awards, valuation allowance on deferred tax assets and reserves for warranty and self-insured risks. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Real Estate Inventory — Inventory consists of raw land, land under development, homes under construction, completed homes, and model homes, all of which are stated at cost. In addition to direct carrying costs, we also capitalize interest, real estate taxes, and related development costs that benefit the entire community, such as field construction supervision and related direct overhead. Home vertical construction costs are accumulated and charged to cost of sales at the time of home closing using the specific identification method. Land acquisition, development, interest, real estate taxes and overhead are allocated to homes and units using the relative sales value method. These costs are capitalized to inventory from the point development begins to the point construction is completed. Changes in estimated costs to be incurred in a community are generally allocated to the remaining lots on a prospective basis. For those communities that have been temporarily closed or development has been discontinued, we do not allocate interest or other costs to the community’s inventory until activity resumes. Such costs are expensed as incurred.

We capitalize qualifying interest costs to inventory during the development and construction periods. Capitalized interest is charged to cost of sales when the related inventory is delivered.

We assess the recoverability of our inventory in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment. We review our real estate inventory for indicators of impairment by community during each reporting period. If indicators of impairment are present for a community, we first perform an undiscounted cash flow analysis to determine if the carrying value of the assets in that community exceeds the expected undiscounted cash flows. Generally, if the carrying value of the assets exceeds their estimated undiscounted cash flows, then the assets are deemed to be impaired and are recorded at fair value as of the assessment date. Our determination of fair value is based on a discounted cash flow model which includes projections and estimates relating to sales prices, construction costs, sales pace, and other factors. Changes in these expectations may lead to a change in the outcome of our impairment analysis, and actual results may also differ from our assumptions. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, no impairment charges were recorded.

In certain cases, we may elect to cease development and/or marketing of an existing community if we believe the economic performance of the community would be maximized by deferring development for a period of time to allow for market conditions to improve. The decision may be based on financial and/or operational metrics as determined by us. If we decide to cease developing a project, we will evaluate the project for impairment and then cease future development and marketing activity until such a time when we believe that market conditions have improved and economic performance can be maximized. Our assessment of the carrying value of our assets typically includes subjective estimates of future performance, including the

9


timing of when development will recommence, the type of product to be offered, and the margin to be realized. In the future, some of these inactive communities may be re-opened while others may be sold. As of September 30, 2018 we had no inactive projects. As of December 31, 2017 we had two inactive projects with a carrying value of $10.7 million in the West homebuilding segment. There were no inactive projects in our Central or East homebuilding segments as of December 31, 2017.

In the ordinary course of business, we enter into various specific performance agreements to acquire lots. Real estate not owned under these agreements is reflected in Real estate not owned with a corresponding liability in Liabilities attributable to real estate not owned in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Investments in Unconsolidated Entities — We evaluate our investments in unconsolidated entities for indicators of impairment. A series of operating losses of an investee or other factors may indicate that a decrease in value of our investment in the unconsolidated entity has occurred which is other-than-temporary. The amount of impairment recognized is the excess of the investment’s carrying amount over its estimated fair value. Additionally, we consider various qualitative factors to determine if a decrease in the value of the investment is other-than-temporary. These factors include age of the venture, stage in its life cycle, our intent and ability to recover our investment in the unconsolidated entity, financial condition and long-term prospects of the unconsolidated entity, short-term liquidity needs of the unconsolidated entity, trends in the general economic environment of the land, entitlement status of the land held by the unconsolidated entity, overall projected returns on investment, defaults under contracts with third parties (including bank debt), recoverability of the investment through future cash flows and relationships with the other partners. If the Company believes that the decline in the fair value of the investment is temporary, then no impairment is recorded. We did not record any impairment charges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 or 2017.

Revenue Recognition

Topic 606
In January 2018, we adopted ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09” or “Topic 606”), which provides new guidance for revenue recognition and elected to use the modified retrospective approach to account for prior periods. The standard's core principle requires an entity to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance does not materially impact our home closings revenue, net, land closings revenue or financial services revenue based on our current operations, customer contracts, and policies. However, the following changes were made to conform to the new guidance:

Forfeited customer deposits were previously classified as a credit to Other expense/(income), net on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. Under Topic 606, these are now considered revenue and recorded in Home closings revenue, net as of January 1, 2018. Prior period balances for forfeited customer deposits were not reclassified and are not material to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Certain costs related to sales offices and model homes were previously capitalized and presented within Prepaid expenses and other assets, net on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet and amortized through Sales, commissions and other marketing costs on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. Beginning January 1, 2018, these costs have been reclassified to Property and equipment, net on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet and depreciated through Sales, commissions and other marketing costs on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. A total of $32.0 million of sales office and model homes costs were reclassified from Prepaid expenses and other assets, net to Property and equipment, net as of January 1, 2018. As we elected the modified retrospective approach to account for prior periods, the balance of any capitalized sales office and model home costs required to be expensed under Topic 606 was recorded as an adjustment to beginning retained earnings in 2018 and reflected as an approximate $1.5 million cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders' Equity.

Home and land closings revenue
Under Topic 606, the following steps are applied to determine the proper home closings revenue and land closings revenue recognition: (1) we identify the contract(s) with our customer; (2) we identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) we determine the transaction price; (4) we allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (5) we recognize revenue when (or as) we satisfy the performance obligation. For our home sales transactions, we have one contract, with one performance obligation, with each customer to build and deliver the home purchased (or develop and deliver land). Based on the application of the five steps, the following summarizes the timing and manner of home and land sales revenue:

10


Revenue from closings of residential real estate is recognized when closings have occurred, the buyer has made the required minimum down payment, obtained necessary financing, the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the buyer, and we have no continuing involvement with the property, which is generally upon the close of escrow. Revenue is reported net of any discounts and incentives.       
Revenue from land sales is recognized when a significant down payment is received, title passes and collectability of the receivable is reasonably assured, and we have no continuing involvement with the property, which is generally upon the close of escrow.

Financial services revenue
Mortgage operations and hedging activity related to financial services are not within the scope of Topic 606 and therefore there was no change to our accounting policies related to such activities. Loan origination fees (including title fees, points, and closing costs) are recognized at the time the related real estate transactions are completed, usually upon the close of escrow. All of the loans TMHF originates are sold to third party investors within a short period of time, on a non-recourse basis. Gains and losses from the sale of mortgages are recognized in accordance with ASC Topic 860-20, Sales of Financial Assets. TMHF does not have continuing involvement with the transferred assets, therefore, we derecognize the mortgage loans at time of sale, based on the difference between the selling price and carrying value of the related loans upon sale, recording a gain/loss on sale in the period of sale. Also included in financial services revenue/expenses is the realized and unrealized gains and losses from hedging instruments.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements — In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”). ASU 2016-02 primarily impacts off-balance sheet operating leases and will require such leases, with the exception of short-term leases, to be recorded on the balance sheet. Lessor accounting is not significantly impacted by the new guidance, however certain updates were made to align lessee and lessor treatment. ASU 2016-02 will be effective for us in our fiscal year beginning January 1, 2019. The guidance requires a modified retrospective approach for all existing leases at the date of initial adoption. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases. ASU 2018-10 primarily provides additional guidance to Topic 842 including clarification on residual value guarantees, implicit rates, lessee reassessment of lease classifications, and other various areas within the Topic. We do not believe the adoption of ASU 2016-02 or ASU 2018-10 will have a material impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and disclosures.

3. EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per common share is computed by dividing net income available to TMHC by the weighted average number of shares of Class A Common Stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share gives effect to the potential dilution that could occur if all shares of Class B Common Stock and their corresponding New TMM Units were exchanged for shares of Class A Common Stock and if all outstanding dilutive equity awards to issue shares of Class A Common Stock were exercised or settled.
The following is a summary of the components of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):

11


 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income available to TMHC – basic
 
$
93,568

 
$
32,876

 
$
196,446

 
$
68,789

Net income attributable to non-controlling interest
 
714

 
21,390

 
4,391

 
76,810

Loss fully attributable to public holding company
 
100

 
136

 
349

 
288

Net income – diluted
 
$
94,382

 
$
54,402

 
$
201,186

 
$
145,887

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares – basic (Class A)
 
111,396

 
72,471

 
112,449

 
56,791

Weighted average shares – non-controlling interest (Class B)
 
863

 
47,253

 
2,508

 
62,842

Restricted stock units
 
904

 
1,121

 
1,043

 
1,026

Stock Options
 
277

 
338

 
378

 
332

Weighted average shares – diluted
 
113,440

 
121,183

 
116,378

 
120,991

Earnings per common share – basic:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income available to Taylor Morrison Home Corporation
 
$
0.84

 
$
0.45

 
$
1.75

 
$
1.21

Earnings per common share – diluted:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income available to Taylor Morrison Home Corporation
 
$
0.83

 
$
0.45

 
$
1.73

 
$
1.21

We excluded a total weighted average of 2,562,840 and 1,685,938 outstanding anti-dilutive stock options and unvested restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and 1,442,767 and 1,926,836 stock options and unvested RSUs from the calculation of earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
The shares of Class B Common Stock have voting rights but do not have economic rights or rights to dividends or distributions on liquidation and, therefore, are not participating securities. Accordingly, Class B Common Stock is not included in basic earnings per share. Refer to Note 17. Subsequent Events for discussion regarding our holding company reorganization and the retirement of Class B Common Stock on October 26, 2018.

4. REAL ESTATE INVENTORY AND LAND DEPOSITS
Inventory consists of the following (in thousands):
 
 
As of
 
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31, 2017
Real estate developed and under development
 
$
2,194,880

 
$
2,130,263

Real estate held for development or held for sale (1)
 
65,971

 
76,552

Operating communities (2)
 
899,937

 
659,398

Capitalized interest
 
94,512

 
90,496

Total owned inventory
 
3,255,300

 
2,956,709

Real estate not owned
 
13,811

 
2,527

Total real estate inventory
 
$
3,269,111

 
$
2,959,236

(1) Real estate held for development or held for sale includes properties which are not in active production. This includes raw land recently purchased or awaiting entitlement, properties where we have ceased development and/or marketing, and long-term strategic assets.
(2) Operating communities consist of all vertical construction costs relating to homes in progress and completed homes for all active production of inventory.


12


The development status of our land inventory is as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
As of
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
Owned Lots
 
Book Value of Land
and Development
 
Owned Lots
 
Book Value of Land
and Development
Raw
 
7,362

 
$
286,753

 
7,703

 
$
338,642

Partially developed
 
7,639

 
473,725

 
5,811

 
543,200

Finished
 
12,982

 
1,500,373

 
11,644

 
1,314,243

Long-term strategic assets
 

 

 
763

 
10,730

Total
 
27,983

 
$
2,260,851

 
25,921

 
$
2,206,815


Land Deposits — We provide deposits related to land options and land purchase contracts, which are capitalized when paid and classified as land deposits until the associated property is purchased.

As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had the right to purchase 4,715 and 5,037 lots under land option purchase contracts, respectively, for an aggregate purchase price of $395.8 million and $405.3 million, respectively. We do not have title to the properties, and the creditors generally have no recourse against the Company. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, our exposure to loss related to our option contracts with third parties and unconsolidated entities consisted of non-refundable deposits totaling $47.9 million and $49.8 million, respectively.

Capitalized Interest — Interest capitalized, incurred and amortized is as follows (in thousands):

 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Interest capitalized - beginning of period
 
$
95,693

 
$
100,490

 
$
90,496

 
$
102,642

Interest incurred
 
20,164

 
20,762

 
59,979

 
62,187

Interest amortized to cost of home closings
 
(21,345
)
 
(21,789
)
 
(55,963
)
 
(65,366
)
Interest capitalized - end of period
 
$
94,512

 
$
99,463

 
$
94,512

 
$
99,463


5. INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED ENTITIES
We have investments in a number of joint ventures with related and unrelated third parties, with ownership interests up to 50.0%. These entities are generally involved in real estate development, homebuilding and/or mortgage lending activities. Some of these joint ventures develop land for the sole use of the joint venture participants, including us, and others develop land for sale to the joint venture participants and to unrelated builders. Our share of the joint venture profit relating to lots we purchase from the joint ventures is deferred until homes are delivered by us and title passes to a homebuyer.

Summarized, unaudited combined financial information of unconsolidated entities that are accounted for by the equity method is as follows (in thousands):

13


 
 
As of
 
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets:
 
 
 
 
Real estate inventory
 
$
558,871

 
$
627,841

Other assets
 
120,185

 
138,341

Total assets
 
$
679,056

 
$
766,182

Liabilities and owners’ equity:
 
 
 
 
Debt
 
$
173,932

 
$
193,770

Other liabilities
 
16,431

 
27,556

Total liabilities
 
190,363

 
221,326

Owners’ equity:
 
 
 
 
TMHC
 
179,249

 
192,364

Others
 
309,444

 
352,492

Total owners’ equity
 
488,693

 
544,856

Total liabilities and owners’ equity
 
$
679,056

 
$
766,182


 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues
 
$
95,085

 
$
60,020

 
$
264,624

 
$
147,273

Costs and expenses
 
(84,409
)
 
(47,505
)
 
(227,061
)
 
(118,546
)
Income of unconsolidated entities
 
$
10,676

 
$
12,515

 
$
37,563

 
$
28,727

TMHC’s share in income of unconsolidated entities
 
$
2,514

 
$
2,787

 
$
9,777

 
$
6,943

Distributions from unconsolidated entities
 
$
13,176

 
$
2,098

 
$
26,439

 
$
8,889



6. ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER LIABILITIES
Accrued expenses and other liabilities consist of the following (in thousands):

 
 
As of
September 30, 2018
 
As of
December 31, 2017
Real estate development costs to complete
 
$
10,428

 
$
14,815

Compensation and employee benefits
 
56,912

 
72,352

Self-insurance and warranty reserves
 
53,408

 
51,010

Interest payable
 
24,516

 
17,125

Property and sales taxes payable
 
17,144

 
12,294

Other accruals
 
26,273

 
33,944

Total accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
$
188,681

 
$
201,540


Self-Insurance and Warranty Reserves – We accrue for the expected costs associated with our limited warranty, deductibles and self-insured amounts under our various insurance policies within Beneva Indemnity Company ("Beneva"), a wholly owned subsidiary. A summary of the changes in our reserves are as follows (in thousands):

14


 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Reserve - beginning of period
 
$
53,011

 
$
54,084

 
$
51,010

 
$
50,550

Additions to reserves
 
9,438

 
6,403

 
24,763

 
17,446

Costs and claims incurred
 
(9,592
)
 
(8,203
)
 
(22,525
)
 
(18,131
)
Change in estimates to existing reserves
 
551

 
(748
)
 
160

 
1,671

Reserve - end of period
 
$
53,408

 
$
51,536

 
$
53,408

 
$
51,536


7. DEBT
Total debt consists of the following (in thousands):
 
 
As of
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
Principal
 
Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs
 
Carrying Value
 
Principal
 
Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs
 
Carrying Value
5.25% Senior Notes due 2021, unsecured
 
$
550,000

 
$
2,994

 
$
547,006

 
$
550,000

 
$
3,892

 
$
546,108

5.875% Senior Notes due 2023, unsecured
 
350,000

 
2,576

 
347,424

 
350,000

 
3,002

 
346,998

5.625% Senior Notes due 2024, unsecured
 
350,000

 
2,916

 
347,084

 
350,000

 
3,319

 
346,681

Senior Notes subtotal
 
1,250,000

 
8,486

 
1,241,514

 
1,250,000

 
10,213

 
1,239,787

Loans payable and other borrowings
 
160,173

 

 
160,173

 
139,453

 

 
139,453

Revolving Credit Facility(1)
 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage warehouse borrowings
 
54,457

 

 
54,457

 
118,822

 

 
118,822

Total Senior Notes and other financing
 
$
1,464,630

 
$
8,486

 
$
1,456,144

 
$
1,508,275

 
$
10,213

 
$
1,498,062

(1) The Revolving Credit Facility included $2.9 million and $2.0 million of unamortized debt issuance costs as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, which is presented in Prepaid expenses and other assets, net on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had $53.7 million and $47.1 million, respectively, of utilized letters of credit, resulting in $546.3 million and $452.9 million, respectively, of availability under the Revolving Credit Facility.

2021 Senior Notes
On April 16, 2013, we issued $550.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.25% Senior Notes due 2021 (the “2021 Senior Notes”).

The 2021 Senior Notes mature on April 15, 2021. The 2021 Senior Notes are guaranteed by TMM Holdings Limited Partnership (“TMM Holdings”), Taylor Morrison Holdings, Inc., Taylor Morrison Communities II, Inc. and their homebuilding subsidiaries (collectively, the “Guarantors”), which are all subsidiaries directly or indirectly of TMHC. The 2021 Senior Notes and the related guarantees are senior unsecured obligations and are not subject to registration rights. The indenture for the 2021 Senior Notes contains covenants that limit (i) the making of investments, (ii) the payment of dividends and the redemption of equity and junior debt, (iii) the incurrence of additional indebtedness, (iv) asset dispositions, (v) mergers and similar corporate transactions, (vi) the incurrence of liens, (vii) prohibitions on payments and asset transfers among the issuers and restricted subsidiaries and (viii) transactions with affiliates, among others. The indenture governing the 2021 Senior Notes contains customary events of default. If we do not apply the net cash proceeds of certain asset sales within specified deadlines, we will be required to offer to repurchase the 2021 Senior Notes at par (plus accrued and unpaid interest) with such proceeds. We are also required to offer to repurchase the 2021 Senior Notes at a price equal to 101% of their aggregate principal amount (plus accrued and unpaid interest) upon certain change of control events.

The 2021 Senior Notes are redeemable at scheduled redemption prices, currently at 102.625%, of their principal amount (plus accrued and unpaid interest).

There are no financial maintenance covenants for the 2021 Senior Notes.

15



2023 Senior Notes
On April 16, 2015, we issued $350.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.875% Senior Notes due 2023 (the “2023 Senior Notes”). The 2023 Senior Notes and the related guarantees are senior unsecured obligations and are not subject to registration rights.

The 2023 Senior Notes mature on April 15, 2023. The 2023 Senior Notes are guaranteed by the same Guarantors that guarantee the 2021 Senior Notes. The indenture governing the 2023 Senior Notes contains covenants that limit our ability to incur debt secured by liens and enter into certain sale and leaseback transactions. The indenture governing the 2023 Senior Notes contains events of default that are similar to those contained in the indenture governing the 2021 Senior Notes. The change of control provisions in the indenture governing the 2023 Senior Notes are similar to those contained in the indenture governing the 2021 Senior Notes, but a credit rating downgrade must occur in connection with the change of control before the repurchase offer requirement is triggered for the 2023 Senior Notes.

Prior to January 15, 2023, the 2023 Senior Notes are redeemable at a price equal to 100% plus a “make-whole” premium for payments through January 15, 2023 (plus accrued and unpaid interest). Beginning January 15, 2023, the 2023 Senior Notes are redeemable at par (plus accrued and unpaid interest).

There are no financial maintenance covenants for the 2023 Senior Notes.

2024 Senior Notes
On March 5, 2014, we issued $350.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.625% Senior Notes due 2024 (the “2024 Senior Notes”).

The 2024 Senior Notes mature on March 1, 2024. The 2024 Senior Notes are guaranteed by the same Guarantors that guarantee the 2021 and 2023 Senior Notes. The 2024 Senior Notes and the related guarantees are senior unsecured obligations and are not subject to registration rights. The indenture governing the 2024 Senior Notes contains covenants that limit our ability to incur debt secured by liens and enter into certain sale and leaseback transactions similar to the 2023 Senior Notes. The indenture governing the 2024 Senior Notes contains events of default that are similar to those contained in the indenture governing the 2021 and 2023 Senior Notes. The change of control provisions in the indenture governing the 2024 Senior Notes are similar to those contained in the indenture governing the 2023 Senior Notes.

Prior to December 1, 2023, the 2024 Senior Notes are redeemable at a price equal to 100% plus a “make-whole” premium for payments through December 1, 2023 (plus accrued and unpaid interest). Beginning on December 1, 2023, the 2024 Senior Notes are redeemable at par (plus accrued and unpaid interest).

There are no financial maintenance covenants for the 2024 Senior Notes.

Revolving Credit Facility
On January 26, 2018, we amended our $500.0 million Revolving Credit Facility to extend the maturity date from April 12, 2019 to January 26, 2022. On June 29, 2018, we further amended the Revolving Credit Facility to increase the amount available to $600.0 million. Other immaterial changes were also made to the structure of the Revolving Credit Facility. The Revolving Credit Facility is guaranteed by the same Guarantors that guarantee the 2021, 2023 and 2024 Senior Notes.

The Revolving Credit Facility contains certain “springing” financial covenants, requiring us and our subsidiaries to comply with a maximum debt to capitalization ratio of not more than 0.60 to 1.00 and a minimum consolidated tangible net worth level of at least $1.7 billion. The financial covenants would be in effect for any fiscal quarter during which any (a) loans under the Revolving Credit Facility are outstanding during the last day of such fiscal quarter or on more than five separate days during such fiscal quarter or (b) undrawn letters of credit (except to the extent cash collateralized) issued under the Revolving Credit Facility in an aggregate amount greater than $40.0 million or unreimbursed letters of credit issued under the Revolving Credit Facility are outstanding on the last day of such fiscal quarter or for more than five consecutive days during such fiscal quarter. For purposes of determining compliance with the financial covenants for any fiscal quarter, the Revolving Credit Facility provides that we may exercise an equity cure by issuing certain permitted securities for cash or otherwise recording cash contributions to our capital that will, upon the contribution of such cash to the borrower, be included in the calculation of consolidated tangible net worth and consolidated total capitalization. The equity cure right is exercisable up to twice in any period of four consecutive fiscal quarters and up to five times overall.


16


The Revolving Credit Facility contains certain restrictive covenants including limitations on incurrence of liens, dividends and other distributions, asset dispositions and investments in entities that are not guarantors, limitations on prepayment of subordinated indebtedness and limitations on fundamental changes. The Revolving Credit Facility contains customary events of default, subject to applicable grace periods, including for nonpayment of principal, interest or other amounts, violation of covenants (including financial covenants, subject to the exercise of an equity cure), incorrectness of representations and warranties in any material respect, cross default and cross acceleration, bankruptcy, material monetary judgments, ERISA events with material adverse effect, actual or asserted invalidity of material guarantees and change of control. As of September 30, 2018, we were in compliance with all of the covenants under the Revolving Credit Facility.

Refer to Note 17- Subsequent Events for discussion relating to our $200.0 million 364-Day Credit Agreement which was entered into on October 2, 2018 in connection with the Acquisition and our assumption of $400 million aggregate principal amount of 2022 Senior Notes and $80 million aggregate principal amount of Convertible Notes.


Mortgage Warehouse Borrowings
The following is a summary of our mortgage warehouse borrowings (in thousands):

 
 
As of September 30, 2018
Facility
 
Amount Drawn
 
Facility Amount
 
Interest Rate
 
Expiration Date
 
Collateral (1)
Warehouse A
 
$
1,129

 
$
45,000

(2) 
LIBOR + 1.75%
 
On Demand
 
Mortgage Loans
Warehouse B
 
16,857

 
50,000

 
LIBOR + 2.25%
 
On Demand
 
Mortgage Loans
Warehouse C
 
36,471

 
100,000

 
LIBOR + 2.375%
 
On Demand
 
Mortgage Loans and Restricted Cash
Total
 
$
54,457

 
$
195,000

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of December 31, 2017
Facility
 
Amount Drawn
 
Facility Amount
 
Interest Rate
 
Expiration Date
 
Collateral (1)
Warehouse A
 
$
12,990

 
$
39,000

(2) 
LIBOR + 2.25%
 
30 days written notice
 
Mortgage Loans
Warehouse B
 
41,447

 
85,000

 
LIBOR + 2.25%
 
On Demand
 
Mortgage Loans
Warehouse C
 
64,385

 
125,000

 
LIBOR + 2.375%
 
September 24, 2018
 
Mortgage Loans and Restricted Cash
Total
 
$
118,822

 
$
249,000

 
 
 
(1) The mortgage warehouse borrowings outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were collateralized by a) $83.8 million and $187.0 million, respectively, of mortgage loans held for sale, which comprised the balance of mortgage loans held for sale and b) approximately $1.3 million and $1.6 million, respectively, of cash which are included in restricted cash in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2) From time to time we have the ability to amend this warehouse agreement to increase or decrease capacity to accommodate funding needs.

Loans Payable and Other Borrowings
Loans payable and other borrowings as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consist of project-level debt due to various land sellers and seller financing notes from current and prior year acquisitions. Project-level debt is generally secured by the land that was acquired and the principal payments generally coincide with corresponding project lot sales or a principal reduction schedule. Loans payable bear interest at rates that ranged from 0% to 8% at each of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. We impute interest for loans with no stated interest rates.


17


8. FAIR VALUE DISCLOSURES
We have adopted ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements, for valuation of financial instruments. ASC Topic 820 provides a framework for measuring fair value under GAAP, expands disclosures about fair value measurements, and establishes a fair value hierarchy, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are summarized as follows:

Level 1 — Fair value is based on quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

Level 2 — Fair value is determined using quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active or are directly or indirectly observable.

Level 3 — Fair value is determined using one or more significant inputs that are unobservable in active markets at the measurement date, such as a pricing model, discounted cash flow, or similar technique.

The fair value of our mortgage loans held for sale is derived from negotiated rates with partner lending institutions. The fair value of derivative assets includes interest rate lock commitments (“IRLCs”) and mortgage backed securities (“MBS”). The fair value of IRLCs is based on the value of the underlying mortgage loan, quoted MBS prices and the probability that the mortgage loan will fund within the terms of the IRLCs. We estimate the fair value of the forward sales commitments based on quoted MBS prices. The fair value of our mortgage warehouse borrowings, loans payable and other borrowings and the borrowings under our Revolving Credit Facility approximate carrying value due to their short term nature and variable interest rate terms. The fair value of our Senior Notes is derived from quoted market prices by independent dealers in markets that are not active. The fair value of the contingent consideration liability related to previous acquisitions was estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation model under the option pricing method. As the measurement of the contingent consideration is based primarily on significant inputs not observable in the market, it represents a Level 3 measurement. There were no changes to or transfers between the levels of the fair value hierarchy for any of our financial instruments as of September 30, 2018, when compared to December 31, 2017.

The carrying value and fair value of our financial instruments are as follows:
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Level in Fair
Value Hierarchy
 
Carrying
Value
 
Estimated
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
Estimated
Fair
Value
Description:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans held for sale
 
2
 
$
83,751

 
$
83,751

 
$
187,038

 
$
187,038

Derivative assets, net
 
2
 
2,329

 
2,329

 
1,352

 
1,352

Mortgage warehouse borrowings
 
2
 
54,457

 
54,457

 
118,822

 
118,822

Loans payable and other borrowings
 
2
 
160,173

 
160,173

 
139,453

 
139,453

5.25% Senior Notes due 2021 (1)
 
2
 
547,006

 
552,090

 
546,108

 
561,000

5.875% Senior Notes due 2023 (1)
 
2
 
347,424

 
352,625

 
346,998

 
369,705

5.625% Senior Notes due 2024 (1)
 
2
 
347,084

 
344,750

 
346,681

 
366,205

Revolving Credit Facility
 
2
 

 

 

 

Contingent consideration liability(2)
 
3
 

 

 
5,328

 
5,328

(1) Carrying value for Senior Notes, as presented, includes unamortized debt issuance costs. Debt issuance costs are not factored into the fair value calculation for the Senior Notes.
(2) All payments related to our contingent consideration liability were paid during the first quarter of 2018 and no liability exists as of September 30, 2018.


9. INCOME TAXES
Our effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was 6.4% and 15.9%, respectively, compared to 30.7% and 31.0% for the same periods in 2017, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the effective tax rate differed from the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate primarily due to state income taxes, special deductions and credits relating to homebuilding activities, uncertain tax positions and discrete tax adjustments related to certain deferred tax assets and liabilities.


18


The effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was favorably impacted by the reduction in the federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% as a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Act”), the relevant provisions of which became effective on January 1, 2018. In response to the Tax Act, we filed three requests for a change in tax accounting methods related to the timing of income and expense recognition for tax purposes. One of our requests was for a tax accounting method afforded automatic consent while the other two required advanced consent from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”). We received affirmative consent from the IRS and signed an agreement for one of the requests during the quarter ended September 30, 2018. The impact of the approved tax accounting method changes was reflected in our consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2018 as a reduction in income tax expense of $8.1 million. Subsequent to the quarter ended September 30, 2018, we received affirmative consent from the IRS and signed an agreement for the second request for change in method of tax accounting, the effects of which will be recognized in our annual consolidated financial statements for the year ending December 31, 2018. Refer to Note 17. Subsequent Events for additional information.

In accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”), the Company recorded provisional tax expense in the fourth quarter of 2017 related to the write-down of our existing deferred tax assets and the mandatory deemed repatriation of foreign earnings related to the sale of our Canadian business in 2015. In the quarter ended September 30, 2018, we recorded a $0.5 million reduction to the provisional tax expense for the mandatory deemed repatriation of foreign earnings. The adjustment to the provisional tax expense during the quarter resulted from completing our calculations of the transition tax and finalizing our U.S. federal income tax returns. Our accounting for the transition tax is complete. We expect our final accounting related to the remeasurement of our existing deferred tax assets under SAB 118 to be complete when we file our U.S. federal tax returns during the fourth quarter of 2018.

Our cumulative gross unrecognized tax benefits were $3.6 million and $12.9 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The reduction to our cumulative gross unrecognized tax benefits during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was the result of the completion of a state audit related to the utilization of the Company’s state net operating losses.

If the unrecognized tax benefits as of September 30, 2018 were to be recognized, approximately $2.9 million would affect the effective tax rate. We had $0.7 million and $1.0 million of gross interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax positions accrued as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The reduction to our gross accrued interest and penalties during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was the result of the conclusion of a state audit.


10. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Capital Stock — Holders of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock are entitled to one vote for each share held on all matters submitted to stockholders for their vote or approval. The holders of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock vote together as a single class on all matters submitted to stockholders for their vote or approval, except with respect to the amendment of certain provisions of the amended and restated Certificate of Incorporation that would alter or change the powers, preferences or special rights of the Class B Common Stock so as to affect them adversely. Such amendments must be approved by a majority of the votes entitled to be cast by the holders of the shares affected by the amendment, voting as a separate class, or as otherwise required by applicable law. The voting power of the outstanding Class B Common Stock (expressed as a percentage of the total voting power of all Common Stock) is equal to the percentage of partnership interests in New TMM not held directly or indirectly by TMHC.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we completed sales of our Class A Common Stock in registered public offerings. We used all of the net proceeds from these public offerings to purchase partnership units in New TMM, our direct subsidiary, along with shares of our Class B Common Stock, held by TPG and Oaktree. As a result, we adjusted Non-controlling interests and Additional paid-in capital on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets to reflect the change in ownership. The aggregate number of partnership units and corresponding shares of Class B Common Stock we purchased was equal to the number of shares of Class A Common Stock sold by the Company in the public offerings.
The following is a summary of the completed sales of our Class A Common Stock in registered public offerings for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:

19


(Shares presented in thousands)
 
 
 
Closing date
Number of shares
 
Net sale price per share
January 8, 2018
11,000

 
$
26.05

January 17, 2018 (1)
19,207

 
27.14

(1) The January 17, 2018 offering consisted of 17.7 million shares of Class A common stock offered by the Company and 1.5 million shares offered directly by TPG.

In addition, in a series of transactions following each public offering, the Company purchased 3.8 million shares of Class B common stock directly from TPG and Oaktree on both January 8, 2018 and January 17, 2018 at the same respective net purchase price per share in each public offering, for an aggregate total of 7.6 million shares purchased.

Following our public offering on January 17, 2018, our Former Principal Equityholders no longer have any remaining investment in us. The components and respective voting power of outstanding TMHC Common Stock, at September 30, 2018 are as follows:
 
 
Shares
Outstanding
 
Percentage
Class A Common Stock
 
111,408,931

 
99.2
%
Class B Common Stock(1)
 
863,434

 
0.8
%
Total
 
112,272,365

 
100
%
(1) The remaining 0.8% of Class B Common Stock is held by certain current and former members of management and directors.

On October 26, 2018, we completed a holding company reorganization, which resulted in a new parent company (“New Taylor Morrison”) owning all of the outstanding common stock of Taylor Morrison Home II Corporation (formerly known as Taylor Morrison Home Corporation) (“Original Taylor Morrison”). New Taylor Morrison assumed the name Taylor Morrison Home Corporation. Consequently, Original Taylor Morrison became a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of New Taylor Morrison. In the holding company reorganization, Original Taylor Morrison’s stockholders became stockholders of New Taylor Morrison, on a one-for-one basis, with the same number of shares and same ownership percentage of the corresponding class of Original Taylor Morrison common stock that they held immediately prior to the holding company reorganization.
Additionally, on October 26, 2018 all of the outstanding shares of New Taylor Morrison Class B common stock, par value $0.00001, were retired following an exchange of such shares and the corresponding New TMM Units for an equal number of shares of New Taylor Morrison Class A common stock, par value $0.00001. Therefore, following this transaction, only one class of New Taylor Morrison's common stock remains outstanding. Refer to Note 17- Subsequent Events for additional discussion.

Stock Repurchase Program
On January 3, 2018, our Board of Directors authorized an extension of the Company's stock repurchase program through December 31, 2018 and increased the amount available for repurchases under the program to a maximum total amount of $200.0 million of the Company’s Common Stock in open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions or other transactions. The stock repurchase program is subject to prevailing market conditions and other considerations, including our liquidity, the terms of our debt instruments, statutory requirements, planned land investment and development spending, acquisition and other investment opportunities and ongoing capital requirements. On January 8, 2018 we purchased $100.0 million of Common Stock. On January 17, 2018 we purchased an additional $101.8 million of Common Stock. Because these repurchases were in connection with the offerings by TPG and Oaktree, the stock repurchase program was not reduced by such purchase and such authorization remained in effect thereafter. As of September 30, 2018 there was $95.9 million available to be used for repurchases. During the three months ended September 30, 2018, we did not repurchase any shares. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, we repurchased 195,824 shares for $4.1 million. Subsequent to September 30, 2018 we repurchased approximately 3.0 million shares for $48.7 million.


20


11. STOCK BASED COMPENSATION
Equity-Based Compensation
In April 2013, we adopted the Taylor Morrison Home Corporation 2013 Omnibus Equity Award Plan (the "Plan"). The Plan was most recently amended and restated in May 2017. The Plan provides for the grant of stock options, RSUs and other equity-based awards deliverable in shares of our Class A Common Stock. As of September 30, 2018, we had an aggregate of 8,336,911 shares of Class A Common Stock available for future grants under the Plan.

The following table provides information regarding the amount and components of stock-based compensation expense, all of which is included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Restricted stock units (1)
 
$
2,673

 
$
2,157

 
$
6,778

 
$
6,348

Stock options
 
918

 
1,162

 
3,103

 
3,308

New TMM units (2)
 

 
58

 

 
571

Total stock compensation
 
$
3,591

 
$
3,377

 
$
9,881

 
$
10,227

(1) Includes compensation expense related to time-based RSUs and performance-based RSUs. Outstanding performance-based RSUs reflected in the table above are reported at target level of performance.
(2) As of December 31, 2017, all new TMM units were vested, and there is no further expense associated with them.

At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the aggregate unrecognized value of all outstanding stock-based compensation awards was approximately $24.2 million and $19.8 million, respectively.

Restricted Stock Units – The following table summarizes the time-based RSU and performance-based RSU activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:
 
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair
Value
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
1,889,559

 
$
14.84

Granted
 
574,285

 
24.06

Vested
 
(225,106
)
 
15.31

Forfeited (1)
 
(367,860
)
 
16.59

Balance at September 30, 2018
 
1,870,878

 
$
17.10

(1) Forfeitures on time-based RSUs are a result of termination of employment, while forfeitures on performance-based RSUs are a result of failing to attain certain goals as outlined in our stock based compensation awards or termination of employment.

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, we granted time-based RSU awards and performance-based RSU awards to certain employees and members of the Board of Directors of the Company.

Our time-based RSUs consist of awards that settle in shares of Class A Common Stock and have been awarded to our employees and members of our Board of Directors. Vesting of these RSUs is subject to continued employment with TMHC or an affiliate, or continued service on the Board of Directors, through the applicable vesting dates. Time-based RSUs granted to employees generally vest ratably over a three to four year period, based on the grant date. Time-based RSUs granted to members of the Board of Directors generally vest on the first anniversary of the grant date.

Additionally, we granted performance-based RSUs to certain employees of the Company. These awards will vest in full based on the achievement of certain performance goals over a three-year performance period, subject to the employee’s continued employment through the date the Compensation Committee certifies the applicable level of performance achieved and will be settled in shares of our Class A Common Stock. The number of shares that may be issued in settlement of the performance-based RSUs to the award recipients may be greater or less than the target award amount depending on actual performance achieved as compared to the performance targets set forth in the awards.

Stock Options – The following table summarizes the stock option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:

21


 
 
Shares
 
Weighted
Average Exercise
Price Per Share
Outstanding at December 31, 2017
 
2,854,213

 
$
17.50

Granted
 
721,762

 
23.86

Exercised
 
(118,992
)
 
15.85

Canceled/Forfeited
 
(199,742
)
 
18.60

Outstanding at September 30, 2018
 
3,257,241

 
$
18.88

Options exercisable at September 30, 2018
 
1,535,093

 
$
18.80


Options granted to employees vest and become exercisable ratably on the second, third, fourth and fifth anniversary of the date of grant. Options granted to members of the Board of Directors vest and become exercisable ratably on the first, second and third anniversary of the date of grant. Vesting of the options is subject to continued employment with TMHC or an affiliate, or continued service on the Board of Directors, through the applicable vesting dates, and options expire within ten years from the date of grant.

New TMM Units – Certain members of management and certain members of the Board of Directors were issued Class M partnership units in TMM Holdings. Those units were subject to both time and performance vesting conditions.

Pursuant to the reorganization transactions in connection with our 2013 IPO, the time-vesting Class M Units in TMM Holdings were exchanged for New TMM Units with vesting terms substantially the same as the Class M Units surrendered for exchange. One New TMM Unit together with a corresponding share of Class B Common Stock is exchangeable for one share of Class A Common Stock. As of December 31, 2017, all New TMM Units were vested. The shares of Class B Common Stock/New TMM Units held by members of management and members of our Board of Directors as of September 30, 2018 were as follows:
 
 
Class B Shares/New
TMM Units
 
Weighted
Average Grant  Date
Fair Value
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
883,921

 
$
5.24

Exchanges (1)
 
(20,487
)
 
6.93

Balance at September 30, 2018
 
863,434

 
$
5.20

(1) Exchanges during the period represent the exchange of a vested New TMM Unit along with the corresponding share of Class B Common Stock for a newly issued share of Class A Common Stock.
Refer to Note 17. Subsequent Events for discussion regarding our holding company reorganization and the retirement of Class B Common Stock on October 26, 2018.


12. RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS
From time to time, we may engage in transactions with entities or persons that are affiliated with us. Such transactions with related parties are typically conducted in the normal course of operations and are generally executed at arm’s length, as they are entered into at terms comparable to those entered into with unrelated third parties. There was no activity for the three months ended September 30, 2018.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 we purchased New TMM Units and corresponding shares of Class B Common Stock from TPG and Oaktree. Refer to Note 10 - Stockholders' Equity for discussion regarding such transactions.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, we entered into a contract to purchase 140 home lots in Tustin, California for a total purchase price of $30.0 million from Intracorp Companies, which is owned and controlled by a member of the Board of Directors.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, we completed multiple sales of our Class A Common Stock in registered public offerings. We used all of the net proceeds from these public offerings to purchase partnership units in New TMM, our direct subsidiary, along with shares of our Class B Common Stock, held by TPG and Oaktree. As a result, we adjusted Non-controlling interests and Additional paid-in capital on the condensed consolidated balance sheets to reflect the change in ownership. The aggregate number of partnership units and corresponding shares of Class B Common Stock that we purchased

22


was equal to the number of shares of Class A Common Stock sold in the public offerings. The following is a summary of the completed sales of our Class A Common Stock in registered public offerings for the nine months ended September 30, 2017:
(Shares presented in thousands)
 
 
 
Closing date
Number of shares
 
Net purchase price per share
February 6, 2017
11,500

 
$
18.2875

March 27, 2017
10,000

 
20.7800

May 5, 2017
10,000

 
23.1200

June 27, 2017
10,000

 
23.3000

13. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
The table below provides the components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”) for the periods presented (in thousands). There was no activity in the three months ended September 30, 2018 or 2017; therefore such periods are not presented.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
 
Total Post-
Retirement
Benefits
Adjustments
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
 
Non-controlling
Interest - Former Principal
Equityholders
Reclassification
 
Total
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
2,082

 
$
(45,205
)
 
$
25,155

 
$
(17,968
)
Gross amounts reclassified within AOCI
 

 
25,155

 
(25,155
)
 

Balance, end of period
 
$
2,082

 
$
(20,050
)
(1) 
$

 
$
(17,968
)
(1) Refer to Note 17- Subsequent Events for additional discussion regarding corporate reorganization.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
 
Total Post-
Retirement
Benefits
Adjustments
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
 
Non-controlling
Interest - Former Principal
Equityholders
Reclassification
 
Total
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
2,061

 
$
(79,927
)
 
$
59,877

 
$
(17,989
)
Gross amounts reclassified within AOCI
 

 
27,968

 
(27,968
)
 

Balance, end of period
 
$
2,061

 
$
(51,959
)
 
$
31,909

 
$
(17,989
)


14. REPORTING SEGMENTS
We have multiple homebuilding operating components which are engaged in the business of acquiring and developing land, constructing homes, marketing and selling those homes, and providing warranty and customer service. We aggregate our homebuilding operating components into three reporting segments, East, Central, and West, based on similar long-term economic characteristics. We also have a financial services reporting segment. We have no inter-segment sales as all sales are to external customers.

Our reporting segments are as follows:
 

23


East
Atlanta, Charlotte, Chicago, Orlando, Raleigh, Southwest Florida and Tampa
Central
Austin, Dallas and Houston (both include a Taylor Morrison division and a Darling Homes division), and Denver
West
Bay Area, Phoenix, Sacramento and Southern California
Financial Services
Taylor Morrison Home Funding, LLC (“TMHF”) and Inspired Title Services, LLC (“Inspired Title”)

Segment information is as follows (in thousands):

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
 
East
 
Central
 
West
 
Financial Services
 
Corporate
and
Unallocated
 
Total
Total revenues
 
$
393,476

 
$
277,441

 
$
348,421

 
$
17,041

 
$

 
$
1,036,379

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross margin
 
70,427

 
47,715

 
74,267

 
6,590

 

 
198,999

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
(32,182
)
 
(25,612
)
 
(20,630
)
 

 
(22,096
)
 
(100,520
)
Equity in income of unconsolidated entities
 
137

 
196

 
1,309

 
872

 

 
2,514

Interest and other (expense)/income, net
 
(247
)
 
204

 
84

 

 
(169
)
 
(128
)
Income/(loss) before income taxes
 
$
38,135

 
$
22,503

 
$
55,030

 
$
7,462

 
$
(22,265
)
 
$
100,865


 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
 
East
 
Central
 
West
 
Financial Services
 
Corporate
and
Unallocated
 
Total
Total revenues
 
$
312,539

 
$
256,842

 
$
321,167

 
$
17,479

 
$

 
$
908,027

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross margin
 
63,188

 
47,797

 
54,924

 
5,409

 

 
171,318

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
(28,469
)
 
(25,108
)
 
(19,087
)
 

 
(22,186
)
 
(94,850
)
Equity in income of unconsolidated entities
 

 
693

 
924

 
1,170

 

 
2,787

Interest and other (expense)/income, net
 
(7
)
 
(87
)
 
46

 

 
(232
)
 
(280
)
Income/(loss) before income taxes
 
$
34,712

 
$
23,295


$
36,807


$
6,579


$
(22,418
)

$
78,975

 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
 
East