10-Q 1 tts-20200331x10q.htm 10-Q tts-20200331 10Q_Taxonomy2019

 









UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION 

Washington, D.C. 20549

_____________________________



FORM 10-Q

_____________________________

(Mark One)



 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934



For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020



OR





 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934



 For the transition period from – to –

 

Commission file number: 001-35629

_____________________________



TILE SHOP HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

_____________________________





 

Delaware  

45-5538095

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)







 

14000 Carlson Parkway

 

Plymouth, Minnesota 

55441

(Address of principal executive offices)  

(Zip Code)



(763) 852-2950 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

_____________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:





 

 

 

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

None

N/A

N/A



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes     No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes     No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.





 

 

 

 

 

Large  accelerated  filer

Accelerated  filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller  reporting  company



Emerging growth company



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes     No



As of May 6, 2020, there were 51,412,666 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding.







 

 

 


 

TILE SHOP HOLDINGS, INC.

Table of Contents

 



 

 

 



 

 

Page

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 



Consolidated Balance Sheets

 



Consolidated Statements of Income

 



Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 



Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

 



Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 



Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

17 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

23 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

24 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

24 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

25 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

26 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

26 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

26 

Item 5.

Other Information

 

26 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

27 

Signatures

 

28 



 

 

2


 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

  

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

March 31,

 

December 31,



 

2020

 

2019



 

(unaudited)

 

(audited)

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

5,701 

 

$

9,104 

Restricted cash

 

 

815 

 

 

815 

Receivables, net

 

 

4,209 

 

 

3,370 

Inventories

 

 

86,295 

 

 

97,620 

Income tax receivable

 

 

9,298 

 

 

3,090 

Other current assets, net

 

 

8,049 

 

 

8,180 

Total Current Assets

 

 

114,367 

 

 

122,179 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

121,069 

 

 

130,461 

Right of use asset

 

 

135,451 

 

 

137,737 

Deferred tax assets

 

 

2,741 

 

 

7,196 

Other assets

 

 

1,988 

 

 

2,241 

Total Assets

 

$

375,616 

 

$

399,814 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

15,403 

 

$

18,181 

Income tax payable

 

 

47 

 

 

87 

Current portion of lease liability

 

 

27,751 

 

 

26,993 

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

27,363 

 

 

24,589 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

70,564 

 

 

69,850 

Long-term debt

 

 

37,500 

 

 

63,000 

Long-term lease liability, net

 

 

128,187 

 

 

131,451 

Financing lease obligation, net

 

 

230 

 

 

274 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

4,263 

 

 

4,340 

Total Liabilities

 

 

240,744 

 

 

268,915 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, par value $0.0001; authorized: 100,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding: 51,396,986 and 50,806,674 shares, respectively

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, par value $0.0001; authorized: 10,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding: 0 shares

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Additional paid-in-capital

 

 

156,969 

 

 

156,482 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(22,016)

 

 

(25,518)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(86)

 

 

(70)

Total Stockholders' Equity

 

 

134,872 

 

 

130,899 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

$

375,616 

 

$

399,814 



See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

3


 

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Income

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2020

 

2019

Net sales

 

$

94,279 

 

$

86,908 

Cost of sales

 

 

29,324 

 

 

25,066 

Gross profit

 

 

64,955 

 

 

61,842 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

62,361 

 

 

58,948 

Income from operations

 

 

2,594 

 

 

2,894 

Interest expense

 

 

(848)

 

 

(978)

Other income

 

 

 -

 

 

15 

Income before income taxes

 

 

1,746 

 

 

1,931 

Benefit (provision) for income taxes

 

 

1,756 

 

 

(611)

Net income

 

$

3,502 

 

$

1,320 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Income per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.07 

 

$

0.03 

Diluted

 

$

0.07 

 

$

0.03 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

49,842,072 

 

 

51,961,780 

Diluted

 

 

49,842,072 

 

 

52,037,996 



See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

4


 

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(dollars in thousands)

(unaudited)







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2020

 

2019

Net income

 

$

3,502 

 

$

1,320 

Currency translation adjustment

 

 

(16)

 

 

27 

Other comprehensive (loss) income

 

 

(16)

 

 

27 

Comprehensive income

 

$

3,486 

 

$

1,347 



See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.



 

5


 

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

(dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Additional
paid-in
capital

 

Retained
earnings
(deficit)

 

Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income (loss)

 

Total

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

52,707,879 

 

$

 

$

172,255 

 

$

(25,857)

 

$

(56)

 

$

146,347 

Adoption of lease standard

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

6,540 

 

 

 -

 

 

6,540 

Balance at January 1, 2019

 

52,707,879 

 

$

 

$

172,255 

 

$

(19,317)

 

$

(56)

 

$

152,887 

Issuance of restricted shares

 

281,173 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Cancellation of restricted shares

 

(87,319)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Stock based compensation

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

739 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

739 

Tax withholdings related to net share settlements of stock based compensation awards

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(82)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(82)

Dividends paid ($0.05 per share)

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(2,606)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(2,606)

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

27 

 

 

27 

Net income

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

1,320 

 

 

 -

 

 

1,320 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

52,901,733 

 

$

 

$

170,306 

 

$

(17,997)

 

$

(29)

 

$

152,285 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

50,806,674 

 

$

 

$

156,482 

 

$

(25,518)

 

$

(70)

 

$

130,899 

Issuance of restricted shares

 

669,609 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Cancellation of restricted shares

 

(79,297)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Stock based compensation

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

566 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

566 

Tax withholdings related to net share settlements of stock based compensation awards

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(79)

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(79)

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(16)

 

 

(16)

Net income

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

3,502 

 

 

 -

 

 

3,502 

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

51,396,986 

 

$

 

$

156,969 

 

$

(22,016)

 

$

(86)

 

$

134,872 



 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

6


 

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 (dollars in thousands)

(unaudited)





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2020

 

2019

Cash Flows From Operating Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

3,502 

 

$

1,320 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

8,215 

 

 

7,964 

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

 

149 

 

 

149 

Loss on disposals of property, plant and equipment

 

 

 -

 

 

82 

Impairment charges

 

 

2,155 

 

 

 -

Stock based compensation

 

 

566 

 

 

739 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

4,456 

 

 

64 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivables

 

 

(839)

 

 

(2,858)

Inventories

 

 

11,325 

 

 

(709)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

223 

 

 

(806)

Accounts payable

 

 

(2,772)

 

 

8,429 

Income tax receivable / payable

 

 

(6,249)

 

 

457 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

2,973 

 

 

5,296 

Other, net

 

 

(812)

 

 

(448)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

22,892 

 

 

19,679 

Cash Flows From Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

 

 

(645)

 

 

(12,198)

Proceeds from insurance

 

 

 -

 

 

610 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(645)

 

 

(11,588)

Cash Flows From Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payments of long-term debt and financing lease obligations

 

 

(79,160)

 

 

(18,054)

Advances on line of credit

 

 

53,600 

 

 

15,000 

Dividends paid

 

 

 -

 

 

(2,606)

Employee taxes paid for shares withheld

 

 

(79)

 

 

(82)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(25,639)

 

 

(5,742)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

 

(11)

 

 

30 

Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(3,403)

 

 

2,379 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash beginning of period

 

 

9,919 

 

 

6,382 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash end of period

 

$

6,516 

 

$

8,761 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

5,701 

 

$

7,936 

Restricted cash

 

 

815 

 

 

825 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash end of period

 

$

6,516 

 

$

8,761 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment included in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

15 

 

$

1,478 

Cash paid for interest

 

 

833 

 

 

934 

Cash paid for income taxes, net

 

 

22 

 

 

 -



See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. 

 

 

7


 

Table of Contents

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Note 1: Background



Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. (“Holdings,” and together with its wholly owned subsidiaries, the “Company” or “we”) was incorporated in Delaware in June 2012.



The Company is a specialty retailer of natural stone and man-made tiles, setting and maintenance materials, and related accessories in the United States.  The Company manufactures its own setting and maintenance materials, such as thinset, grout, and sealers. The Company’s primary market is retail sales to consumers, contractors, designers and home builders. As of March 31, 2020, the Company had 142 stores in 31 states and the District of Columbia, with an average size of approximately 20,000 square feet. The Company has distribution centers located in Michigan, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Virginia and Wisconsin. The Company has a sourcing operation located in China.



The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for interim financial information and with the rules and regulations for reporting on Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include certain information and disclosures required for comprehensive financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included and are of a normal recurring nature, including the elimination of all intercompany transactions. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020.



These statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and footnotes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. The accounting policies used in preparing these Consolidated Financial Statements are the same as those described in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in such Form 10-K.   



Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted



In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued a final standard on accounting for credit losses. The new standard was initially effective for the Company in 2020, and requires a change in credit loss calculations using the expected loss method. In November 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2019-10, “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842): Effective Dates,” which, among other things, defers the effective date of Accounting Standards Update 2016-13, the standard on accounting for credit losses, for public filers that are considered smaller reporting companies as defined by the SEC to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted.  The Company is evaluating the effect of this standard on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

Note 2: Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic



The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant economic hardship across the United States and is having a material, adverse effect on the Company. Significant uncertainty exists concerning the magnitude, impact and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic. While the majority of the Company’s stores are still open to the public, the Company has taken steps to close stores and limit its hours of operation when stores are able to remain open.  Since the beginning of the second quarter, the Company’s traffic and sales have decreased by approximately 50% when compared to the same period in 2019.  Factors deriving from the COVID-19 response that have and are expected to continue to negatively impact the Company in the future include: limitations on the ability of the Company’s suppliers to manufacture and ship the products sold by the Company; limitations on the Company’s employees ability to perform their work due to illness caused by the pandemic or local, state, or federal orders requiring the Company’s stores to close or employees to remain at home; limitation of carriers to deliver the Company’s product to customers; limitations on the ability of the Company’s customers to conduct their business and purchase the Company’s products and services; and limitations on the ability of the Company’s customers to pay in a timely manner. These events are expected to have a material, adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, cash flows and liquidity at least until the COVID-19 pandemic moderates.The effectiveness of economic stabilization efforts, including U.S. government payments to affected citizens and industries, is uncertain. A recession resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic would prolong and exacerbate the negative impact on the Company.    



The Company reviews long lived assets used in operations for impairment losses when events and circumstances indicate the assets may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized when estimated undiscounted future cash flows from the operations and/or disposition of the assets are less than the carrying amount. Measurement of an impairment loss is based on the excess of the carrying amount of the asset group over its fair value. Fair value is measured using discounted cash flows or independent opinions of value, as appropriate. Given the diminished projections of future cash flows due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company recorded a $2.2 million asset

 

8


 

Table of Contents

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

impairment charge during the quarter ended March 31, 2020. See Note 11, “Fair Value of Financial Instruments,” for more information on asset impairment charges.



The Company has taken immediate steps to curtail operating expenses that include reducing the size of its workforce and temporarily suspending incentive compensation programs.  Additionally, the Company is conserving cash by limiting inventory purchases, cutting anticipated spending on capital projects, and pursuing rent deferrals with its landlords.  Although each of the remedial measures was taken to protect the business and preserve liquidity, each may also have the potential to have a material adverse impact on the Company’s current business, financial condition and results of operations, and may create additional risks for the Company. While the Company anticipates that the foregoing measures are temporary, it cannot predict the specific duration for which these precautionary measures will stay in effect, and there may be a need to take additional measures as the information available continues to develop, including with respect to the Company’s employees, relationships with its third-party vendors, and its customers. It is also possible that the remedial measures taken will not be adequate to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the events described above, which could further adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations, cash flow and liquidity.



The Company’s Credit Agreement with Bank of America, N.A, Fifth Third Bank, and Citizen’s Bank (the “Credit Agreement”) provides the Company with a senior credit facility consisting of a $100.0 million revolving line of credit through September 18, 2023.  Borrowings outstanding consisted of $37.5 million on the revolving line of credit as of March 31, 2020.  The Credit Agreement includes financial and other covenants, including covenants to maintain certain fixed charge ratios and consolidated total rent adjusted leverage ratios. The Company was in compliance with its covenants as of March 31, 2020. 



As described above, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the closure of some of the Company’s stores, the Company’s financial performance has been negatively impacted and will continue to be negatively impacted until the pandemic eases. Prior to the outbreak of the pandemic, the Company believed that it would comply with the financial covenants under the Credit Agreement over the next twelve months; however, given current trends caused by the pandemic, it is unlikely that it will comply with certain covenants (such as the leverage ratio) in the second quarter of 2020 and possibly subsequent quarters. Under the terms of the Credit Agreement, the lenders could require repayment of the debt in advance of its maturity in the event of default. The Company is actively working with the lenders and evaluating a range of options. The Company expects to obtain an amendment or waiver from its lenders prior to a potential breach. Failure to obtain a waiver or amendment would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s liquidity, financial condition and results of operations.





Note 3: Revenues



Revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to the Company’s customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration received in exchange for those goods or services. Sales taxes are excluded from revenues. 



The following table presents revenues disaggregated by product category:







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

For the three months ended



 

March 31,



 

2020

 

2019

Man-made tiles

 

46 

%

 

46 

%

Natural stone tiles

 

29 

 

 

29 

 

Setting and maintenance materials

 

14 

 

 

13 

 

Accessories

 

10 

 

 

11 

 

Delivery service

 

 

 

 

Total

 

100 

%

 

100 

%



The Company generates revenues by selling tile products, setting and maintenance materials, accessories, and delivery services to its customers through its store locations.  The timing of revenue recognition coincides with the transfer of control of goods and services ordered by the customer which falls into one of three categories described below:



·

Revenue recognized when an order is placed – If a customer places an order in a store and the contents of their order are available, the Company recognizes revenue concurrent with the exchange of goods for consideration from the customer.

 

·

Revenue recognized when an order is picked up – If a customer places an order for items held in a centralized distribution center, the Company requests a deposit from the customer at the time they place the order.  Subsequently when the contents of

 

9


 

Table of Contents

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

the customer’s order are delivered to the store, the customer returns to the store and picks up the items that were ordered.  The Company recognizes revenue on this transaction when the customer picks up their order.



·

Revenue recognized when an order is delivered – If a customer places an order in a store and requests delivery of their order, the Company prepares the contents of their order, initiates the delivery service, and recognizes revenue once the contents of the customer’s order are delivered.



The Company determines the transaction price of its contracts based on the pricing established at the time a customer places an order.  The transaction price does not include sales tax as the Company is a pass-through conduit for collecting and remitting sales tax.  Any discounts applied to an order are allocated proportionately to the base price of the goods and services ordered.  Deposits made by customers are recorded in other accrued liabilities. Deferred revenues associated with customer deposits are recognized at the time the Company transfers control of the items ordered or renders the delivery service. In the event an order is partially fulfilled as of the end of a reporting period, revenue will be recognized based on the transaction price allocated to the goods delivered and services rendered. Customer deposits are presented as an other accrued liability in the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The customer deposit balance was $7.2 million and $7.7 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.  Revenues recognized during the three-month period ended March 31, 2020 that were included in the customer deposit balance as of the beginning of the period were $7.0 million.



The Company extends financing to qualified professional customers who apply for credit. Customers who qualify for an account receive 30-day payment terms. The accounts receivable balance was $4.2 million and $3.4 million at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The Company expects that the customer will pay for the goods and services ordered within one year from the date the order is placed.  Accordingly, the Company qualifies for the practical expedient outlined in ASC 606-10-32-18 and does not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of the financing component. 



Customers may return purchased items for an exchange or refund.  The Company records a reserve for estimated product returns based on the historical returns trends and the current product sales performance.  Historically, the sales returns reserve was presented net of cost of sales in other current liabilities. The Company presents the sales returns reserve as an other current (accrued) liability and the estimated value of the inventory that will be returned as an other current asset in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.  The components of the sales returns reserve reflected in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 are as follows:







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

(in thousands)



 

March 31,

 

December 31,



 

2020

 

2019

Other current (accrued) liabilities

 

$

6,067 

 

$

5,434 

Other current assets

 

 

1,800 

 

 

1,659 

Sales returns reserve, net

 

$

4,267 

 

$

3,775 

 





Note 4: Inventories



Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (determined using the moving average cost method) or net realizable value. Inventories consist primarily of merchandise held for sale. Inventories were comprised of the following as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

(in thousands)



 

March 31,

 

December 31,



 

2020

 

2019

Finished goods

 

$

84,357 

 

$

95,435 

Raw materials

 

 

1,938 

 

 

2,185 

Total

 

$

86,295 

 

$

97,620 



The Company provides provisions for losses related to shrinkage and other amounts that are otherwise not expected to be fully recoverable. These provisions are calculated based on historical shrinkage, selling price, margin and current business trends. The provision for losses related to shrinkage and other amounts was $0.5 million and $0.2 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. 

 

 

10


 

Table of Contents

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Note 5: Income Taxes



The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”), enacted on March 27, 2020, includes significant income and payroll tax provisions. Additionally, the CARES Act modified the rules associated with net operating losses (“NOLs”) and made technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property. Under the temporary provisions of CARES Act, NOL carryforwards and carrybacks may offset 100% of taxable income for taxable years beginning before 2021. In addition, NOLs arising in 2018, 2019 and 2020 taxable years may be carried back to each of the preceding five years to generate a refund.



The Company's effective tax rate on net income before income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was (100.6)% and 31.6%, respectively. The difference between the Company’s effective rate of (100.6)% and the expected federal statutory rate of 21.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2020 is primarily due to the enactment of the CARES Act which gives the Company the ability to carry back federal NOLs to years with a federal statutory tax rate of 35%.  For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded a (benefit) provision for income taxes of $(1.8) million and $0.6 million, respectively. The decrease in the provision for income taxes is due to lower pretax earnings and the benefit generated from the NOL carryback tax rate differential.



The Company records interest and penalties relating to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company has not recognized any liabilities for uncertain tax positions, nor have interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions been accrued.

 

Note 6: Earnings Per Share



Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding, after taking into consideration all dilutive potential shares outstanding during the period. 



Basic and diluted earnings per share were calculated as follows:







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



(all amounts in thousands except share and per share data)



 

For the three months ended



 

March 31,



 

2020

 

2019

Net income

 

$

3,502 

 

$

1,320 

Weighted average shares outstanding - basic

 

 

49,842,072 

 

 

51,961,780 

Effect of dilutive securities attributable to stock based awards

 

 

 -

 

 

76,216 

Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted

 

 

49,842,072 

 

 

52,037,996 

Income per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.07 

 

$

0.03 

Diluted

 

$

0.07 

 

$

0.03 

Anti-dilutive securities excluded from earnings per share calculation

 

 

2,065,632 

 

 

1,639,659 

 

Note 7: Other Accrued Liabilities



Other accrued liabilities consisted of the following:







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

(in thousands)



 

March 31,

 

December 31,



 

2020

 

2019

Customer deposits

 

$

7,201 

 

$

7,727 

Sales returns reserve

 

 

6,067 

 

 

5,434 

Accrued wages and salaries

 

 

4,833 

 

 

4,064 

Payroll and sales taxes

 

 

3,709 

 

 

2,764 

Other current liabilities

 

 

5,553 

 

 

4,600 

Total other accrued liabilities

 

$

27,363 

 

$

24,589 

 

 

11


 

Table of Contents

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Note 8: Long-term Debt



On September 18, 2018, Holdings and its operating subsidiary, The Tile Shop, LLC, entered into the Credit Agreement with Bank of America, N.A., Fifth Third Bank and Citizens Bank. The Credit Agreement provides the Company with a senior credit facility consisting of a $100.0 million revolving line of credit through September 18, 2023. Borrowings pursuant to the Credit Agreement initially bear interest at a LIBOR or base rate. The LIBOR-based rate ranges from LIBOR plus 1.50% to 2.25% depending on our rent adjusted leverage ratio.  The base rate is equal to the greatest of (a) the Federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (b) the Bank of America “prime rate,” and (c) the Eurodollar rate

plus 1.00%, in each case plus 0.50% to 1.25% depending on our rent adjusted leverage ratio. At March 31, 2020, the base interest rate was 4.50% and the LIBOR-based interest rate was 3.98%.  Borrowings outstanding consisted of $37.5 million on the revolving line of credit as of March 31, 2020.  In addition, the Company has standby letters of credit outstanding related to its workers compensation and medical insurance policies. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, the standby letters of credit totaled $1.3 million and $1.2 million, respectively. There was $61.2 million available for borrowing on the revolving line of credit as of March 31, 2020, which may be used to support the Company’s growth and for working capital purposes.



The Credit Agreement is secured by virtually all of the assets of the Company, including but not limited to, inventory, receivables, equipment and real property. The Credit Agreement contains customary events of default, conditions to borrowings, and restrictive covenants, including restrictions on the Company’s ability to dispose of assets, make acquisitions, incur additional debt, incur liens, or make investments. The Credit Agreement also includes financial and other covenants, including covenants to maintain certain fixed charge coverage ratios and consolidated total rent adjusted leverage ratios. The Company was in compliance with the covenants as of March 31, 2020.  

 

Note 9: Leases



The Company leases its retail stores, certain distribution space, and office space. Leases generally have a term of ten to fifteen years, and contain renewal options. Assets acquired under operating leases are included in the Company’s right of use assets in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain significant residual value guarantees, restrictions or covenants. The depreciable life of assets and leasehold improvements is limited by the expected lease term.





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leases (in thousands)

Classification

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease assets

Right of use asset

 

$

135,451 

 

$

137,737 

Financing lease assets

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation

 

 

102 

 

 

113 

Total leased assets

 

 

$

135,553 

 

$

137,850 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating

Current portion of lease liability

 

$

27,751 

 

$

26,993 

Financing

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

168 

 

 

162 

Noncurrent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating

Long-term lease liability, net

 

 

128,187 

 

 

131,451 

Financing

Financing lease obligation, net

 

 

230 

 

 

274 

Total lease liabilities

 

 

$

156,336 

 

$

158,880 







 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lease cost (in thousands)

Classification

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

Operating lease cost

SG&A expenses

 

$

8,221 

 

$

8,013 

Financing lease cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of leased assets

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

12 

 

 

12 

Interest on lease liabilities

Interest expense

 

 

16 

 

 

21 

Variable lease cost(1)

SG&A expenses

 

 

3,398 

 

 

3,225 

Short term lease cost

SG&A expenses

 

 

248 

 

 

264 

Net lease cost

 

 

$

11,895 

 

$

11,535 

 (1) Variable lease costs consist primarily of taxes, insurance, and common area or other maintenance costs for the Company’s leased facilities.



 

12


 

Table of Contents

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 





 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Information (in thousands)

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating cash flows from operating leases

 

$

9,067 

 

$

8,602 

Operating cash flows from financing leases

 

$

22 

 

$

21 

Financing cash flows from financing leases

 

$

60 

 

$

33 

 



Note 10: Commitments and Contingencies



The Company is, from time to time, party to lawsuits, threatened lawsuits, disputes and other claims arising in the normal course of business. The Company assesses its liabilities and contingencies in connection with outstanding legal proceedings utilizing the latest information available. Where it is probable that the Company will incur a loss and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated, the Company records a liability in its consolidated financial statements. These legal accruals may be increased or decreased to reflect any relevant developments on a quarterly basis. Where a loss is not probable or the amount of the loss is not estimable, the Company does not record an accrual, consistent with applicable accounting guidance. Based on information currently available to the Company, advice of counsel, and available insurance coverage, the Company believes that its established accruals are adequate and the liabilities arising from the legal proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial condition. However, in light of the inherent uncertainty in legal proceedings, there can be no assurance that the ultimate resolution of a matter will not exceed established accruals. As a result, the outcome of a particular matter or a combination of matters may be material to the Company’s results of operations for a particular period, depending upon the size of the loss or the Company’s income for that particular period.

 

On November 5, 2019, a class action and derivative lawsuit was filed in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware against the Company and its directors by a purported stockholder of the Company, K-Bar Holdings LLC.  On November 7, 2019, a similar complaint was filed by a purported stockholder of the Company, Wynnefield Capital, Inc., represented by the same plaintiffs’ law firm which filed the K-Bar Holdings lawsuit. On November 13, 2019, the two cases were consolidated. The complaints allege breaches of fiduciary duty in connection with, among other things, the Company’s decision to delist from Nasdaq and deregister its common stock under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and directors’ purchases of common stock. The complaints include derivative claims and seek injunctive relief to prevent the Company from deregistering its common stock, injunctive relief to prevent additional stock purchases, and unspecified damages. The Court entered a temporary restraining order (“TRO”) on November 8, 2019, which prohibits the Company from filing a Form 15 to complete the proposed deregistration and bars additional stock purchases by the defendant directors. The case is currently set for a trial beginning on July 13, 2020. The Company plans to continue to contest the litigation vigorously. The individual defendants in the case have asserted a right to indemnification from the Company, for which the Company has Director and Officer Liability Insurance policies that may provide coverage for certain defense costs and litigation expenses in addition to amounts the Court could award if plaintiffs were to prevail.

 





Note 11: Fair Value of Financial Instruments



Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. To measure fair value, the Company uses a three-tier valuation hierarchy based upon observable and non-observable inputs:



Level 1 – Unadjusted quoted prices that are available in active markets for the identical assets or liabilities at the measurement date.



Level 2 – Significant other observable inputs available at the measurement date, other than quoted prices included in Level 1, either directly or indirectly, including:

·

Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets;

·

Quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in non-active markets;

·

Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability; and

·

Inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by other observable market data.



Level 3 – Significant unobservable inputs that cannot be corroborated by observable market data and reflect the use of significant management judgment.

 

13


 

Table of Contents

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 



The following table sets forth by Level within the fair value hierarchy the Company’s financial assets that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 according to the valuation techniques the Company uses to determine their fair values. There have been no transfers of assets among the fair value hierarchies presented.







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Pricing

 

Fair Value at



 

Category

 

March 31, 2020

 

December 31, 2019

Assets

 

(in thousands)

Cash and cash equivalents

 

Level 1

 

$

5,701 

 

$

9,104 

Restricted cash

 

Level 1

 

 

815 

 

 

815 



The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument.  There have been no changes in the valuation techniques used by the Company to value the Company’s financial instruments.



·

Cash and cash equivalents: Consists of cash on hand and bank deposits.  The value was measured using quoted market prices in active markets.  The carrying amount approximates fair value.



·

Restricted cash: Consists of cash and cash equivalents held in bank deposit accounts restricted as to withdrawal or that are under the terms of use for current operations.  The value was measured using quoted market prices in active markets.  The carrying amount approximates fair value.



Fair value measurements also apply to certain non-financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis.  Property, plant and equipment and right of use assets are measured at fair value when an impairment is recognized and the related assets are written down to fair value. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized a $2.2 million charge in selling, general and administrative expenses to write-down property, plant, and equipment and right of use assets to their estimated fair values.  The Company measured the fair value of these assets based on projected cash flows, an estimated risk-adjusted rate of return, and market rental rates for comparable properties.  Projected cash flows are considered level 3 inputs.  Market rental rates for comparable properties are considered level 2 inputs. No impairment charges were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2019.



The carrying value of the Company’s borrowings under its Credit Agreement approximate fair value based upon Level 2 inputs of the market interest rates available to the Company for debt obligations with similar risks and maturities.

 

Note 12: Equity Incentive Plans

 

Stock options:



The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all stock based awards at fair value. The financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 include compensation expense for the portion of outstanding awards that vested during those periods. The Company recognizes stock based compensation expenses on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award, which is generally the option vesting term. Total stock based compensation expense related to stock options was $0.1 million and  $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Stock based compensation expense pertaining to stock options is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Income.



As of March 31, 2020, the Company had outstanding stock options to purchase 1,161,697 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $11.11.



Restricted stock:



The Company awards restricted common shares to selected employees and to non-employee directors. Recipients are not required to provide any consideration upon vesting of the award. Restricted stock awards are subject to certain restrictions on transfer, and all or part of the shares awarded may be subject to forfeiture upon the occurrence of certain events, including employment termination. Certain awards are also subject to forfeiture if the Company fails to attain certain performance targets. The restricted stock is valued at its grant date fair value and expensed over the requisite service period or the vesting term of the awards. The Company adjusts the cumulative expense recognized on awards with performance conditions based on the probability of achieving the performance condition. Total stock based compensation expense related to restricted stock was $0.5 million and $0.4 million for the three months

 

14


 

Table of Contents

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Stock based compensation expense pertaining to restricted stock awards is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Income.



As of March 31, 2020, the Company had 1,463,169 outstanding restricted common shares.

 

Note 13: New Markets Tax Credit



2016 New Markets Tax Credit



In December 2016, the Company entered into a financing transaction with U.S. Bank Community, LLC (“U.S. Bank”) related to a $9.2 million expansion of the Company’s facility in Durant, Oklahoma. U.S. Bank made a capital contribution to, and Tile Shop Lending, Inc. (“Tile Shop Lending”) made a loan to, Twain Investment Fund 192 LLC (the “Investment Fund”) under a qualified New Markets Tax Credit (“NMTC”) program. The NMTC program was provided for in the Community Renewal Tax Relief Act of 2000 (the “Act”) and is intended to induce capital investment in qualified lower income communities. The Act permits taxpayers to claim credits against their federal income taxes for up to 39% of qualified investments in the equity of community development entities (“CDEs”). CDEs are privately managed investment institutions that are certified to make qualified low-income community investments.



In this transaction, Tile Shop Lending loaned $6.7 million to the Investment Fund at an interest rate of 1.37% per year and with a maturity date of December 31, 2046. The Investment Fund then contributed the loan to a CDE, which, in turn, loaned the funds on similar terms to Tile Shop of Oklahoma, LLC, an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of Holdings. The proceeds of the loans from the CDEs (including loans representing the capital contribution made by U.S. Bank, net of syndication fees) were used to partially fund the distribution center project.  



In December 2016, U.S. Bank also contributed $3.2 million to the Investment Fund and, by virtue of such contribution, is entitled to substantially all of the tax benefits derived from the NMTC, while the Company effectively received net loan proceeds equal to U.S. Bank’s contributions to the Investment Fund. This transaction includes a put/call provision whereby the Company may be obligated or entitled to repurchase U.S. Bank’s interest. The Company believes that U.S. Bank will exercise the put option in December 2023 at the end of the recapture period. The value attributed to the put/call is de minimis. The NMTC is subject to 100% recapture for a period of seven years as provided in the Internal Revenue Code. The Company is required to be in compliance with various regulations and contractual provisions that apply to the NMTC arrangement. Non-compliance with applicable requirements could result in projected tax benefits not being realized and, therefore, could require the Company to indemnify U.S. Bank for any loss or recapture of NMTCs related to the financing until such time as the obligation to deliver tax benefits is relieved. The Company does not anticipate any credit recaptures will be required in connection with this arrangement.    



The Company has determined that the financing arrangement with the Investment Fund and CDEs contains a variable interest entity (“VIE”). The ongoing activities of the Investment Fund – collecting and remitting interest and fees and NMTC compliance – were all considered in the initial design and are not expected to significantly affect economic performance throughout the life of the Investment Fund. Management considered the contractual arrangements that obligate the Company to deliver tax benefits and provide various other guarantees to the structure; U.S. Bank’s lack of a material interest in the underlying economics of the project; and the fact that the Company is obligated to absorb losses of the Investment Fund. The Company concluded that it is the primary beneficiary of the VIE and consolidated the Investment Fund, as a VIE, in accordance with the accounting standards for consolidation. In 2016, U.S. Bank’s contributions of $3.2 million, net of syndication fees, were included in cash, restricted cash, other accrued liabilities and other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet. The Company incurred $1.3 million of syndication fees in connection with this transaction, which were classified as other current assets and other non-current assets in the consolidated balance sheet. The Company is recognizing the benefit of this net $1.9 million contribution over the seven-year compliance period as it is being earned through the on-going compliance with the conditions of the NMTC program. As of March 31, 2020, the balance of the contribution liability was $1.7 million, of which $0.5 million was classified as other accrued liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet and $1.2 million was classified as other long-term liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.



The Company is able to request reimbursement for certain expenditures made in connection with the expansion of the distribution center in Durant, Oklahoma from the Investment Fund. Expenditures that qualify for reimbursement include building costs,

 

15


 

Table of Contents

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

equipment purchases, and other expenditures tied to the expansion of the facility. As of March 31, 2020, the balance in the Investment Fund available for reimbursement to the Company was $0.8 million.



2013 New Markets Tax Credit



In July 2013, the Company entered into a financing transaction with U.S. Bank and Chase Community Equity (“Chase”, and collectively with US. Bank, the “investors”) related to the $19.1 million acquisition, rehabilitation, and construction of the Company’s distribution center and manufacturing facilities in Durant, Oklahoma.  In this transaction, Tile Shop Lending loaned $13.5 million to the Tile Shop Investment Fund LLC.  The investors contributed $5.6 million to the Tile Shop Investment Fund LLC.  The investors are entitled to the tax benefits derived from the NMTC by virtue of their contribution while the Company received the proceeds, net of syndication fees, to apply toward the construction project.  This transaction includes a put/call provision whereby the Company may be obligated or entitled to repurchase the investors’ interest. The Company believes that the investors will exercise the put option in September 2020 at the end of the recapture period. The value attributed to the put/call is de minimis. The NMTC is subject to 100% recapture for a period of seven years as provided in the Internal Revenue Code. The Company is required to be in compliance with various regulations and contractual provisions that apply to the NMTC arrangement. Non-compliance with applicable requirements could result in projected tax benefits not being realized and, therefore, could require the Company to indemnify the investors for any loss or recapture of NMTCs related to the financing until such time as the obligation to deliver tax benefits is relieved. The Company does not anticipate any credit recaptures will be required in connection with this arrangement. 



The Company determined that this financing arrangement contains a VIE.  The ongoing activities of the Tile Shop Investment Fund LLC – collecting and remitting interest and fees and NMTC compliance – were all considered in the initial design and are not expected to significantly affect economic performance throughout the life of the Tile Shop Investment Fund LLC. Management considered the contractual arrangements that obligate the Company to deliver tax benefits and provide various other guarantees to the structure; the investors’ lack of a material interest in the underlying economics of the project; and the fact that the Company is obligated to absorb losses of The Tile Shop Investment Fund LLC. The Company concluded that it is the primary beneficiary of the VIE and consolidated the Tile Shop Investment Fund LLC, as a VIE, in accordance with the accounting standards for consolidation. In 2013, the investors’ contributions, of $5.6 million, net of syndication fees, were included in cash, restricted cash, other accrued liabilities and other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet. The Company incurred $1.2 million of syndication fees in connection with this transaction which were classified as other current assets and other non-current assets in the consolidated balance sheet.  The Company is recognizing the benefit of this net $4.4 million contribution over the seven-year compliance period as it is being earned through the on-going compliance with the conditions of the NMTC program. As of March 31, 2020, the balance of the contribution liability was $0.2 million, all of which was classified as other accrued liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

 

Note 14: Related Party Transactions



On July 9, 2018, Fumitake Nishi, a former Company employee and the brother-in-law of Robert A. Rucker, our former Interim Chief Executive Officer and President, and former member of the Company’s Board, from which he resigned on February 12, 2020, informed the Company he had reacquired a majority of the equity of one of its key vendors, Nanyang Helin Stone Co. Ltd (“Nanyang”).  Nanyang supplies the Company with natural stone products including hand-crafted mosaics, listellos and other accessories. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2019, the Company purchased $5.1 million of products from Nanyang. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company purchased $2.0 million of products from Nanyang.  Mr. Nishi’s employment with the Company was terminated on January 1, 2014 as a result of several violations of the Company’s code of business conduct and ethics policy.  Certain of those violations involved his undisclosed ownership of Nanyang at that time.  



Management and the Audit Committee have evaluated the relationship and determined that it would be in the Company’s best interests to continue purchasing products from Nanyang.  The Company believes Nanyang provides an important combination of quality, product availability and pricing, and relying solely on other vendors to supply similar product to the Company would not be in the Company’s best interests.  The Company and the Audit Committee have and will continue to review future purchases from Nanyang and compare the pricing for products purchased from Nanyang to the pricing of same or similar products purchased from unrelated vendors.

 



 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and our consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.



Forward-Looking Statements



This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In some cases, you can identify these statements by words such as, but not limited to, “anticipate,” “believe,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “depend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “will likely result,” “would,” and similar expressions or variations, although some forward-looking statements are expressed differently. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q relate to, among other things, our anticipated new store openings, remodeling plans, and growth opportunities; our business strengths, marketing strategies, competitive advantages and role in our industry and markets; our expectations regarding financing arrangements; our expectations with respect to dividend payments; our expectations with respect to ongoing compliance with the terms of our credit facility; and our expectations with respect to remediation of our identified material weaknesses.



These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results, performance, or achievements to differ materially from any expected future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties, many of which have been, and may further be, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, include, but are not limited to, our anticipated new store openings, remodeling plans, and growth opportunities; our business strengths, marketing strategies, competitive advantages and role in our industry and markets; our expectations regarding the potential impacts on our business of the COVID-19 pandemic, including its effect on general economic conditions and credit markets and on customer traffic to our stores, as well as the potential duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and the length and adequacy of measures we have taken to attempt to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business; our ability to successfully implement our strategic plan and the anticipated benefits of our strategic plan; the effectiveness of our marketing strategy; our expectations regarding financing arrangements and our ability to obtain additional capital, including potential difficulties of obtaining refinancing due to market conditions resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic; supply costs and expectations, including the continued availability of sufficient products from our suppliers and the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic; our expectations with respect to ongoing compliance with the terms of the Credit Agreement, including the possibility that the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business may result in our inability to maintain such compliance, as well as the potential impact of the phase out of LIBOR; the effect of regulations on us and our industry, and our suppliers’ compliance with such regulations; our expectations regarding the effects of employee recruiting, training, mentoring, and retention; the potential impact of cybersecurity breaches or disruptions to our management information systems; our ability to successfully implement our information technology initiatives, including our enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) system; our ability to remediate material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting; our proposed deregistration; the outcome of pending stockholder litigation; costs and adequacy of insurance; and those factors set forth in the section captioned “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and the additional Risk Factors set forth in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.



There is no assurance that our expectations will be realized. If one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those expected, estimated, or projected. These statements are based on the beliefs and assumptions of our management based on information currently available to management. Furthermore, such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements. 

 

Overview and Recent Trends



We are a specialty retailer of natural stone and man-made tiles, setting and maintenance materials, and related accessories in the United States. We offer a wide selection of products, attractive prices, and exceptional customer service in an extensive showroom setting. As of March 31, 2020, we operated 142 stores in 31 states and the District of Columbia, with an average size of approximately 20,000 square feet.



We purchase our tile products and accessories directly from suppliers and manufacture our own setting and maintenance materials, such as thinset, grout, and sealers. We believe that our long-term supplier relationships, together with our design, manufacturing and distribution capabilities, enable us to offer a broad assortment of high-quality products to our customers, who are primarily homeowners and professionals, at competitive prices. We have invested significant resources to develop our proprietary brands and

 

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product sources, and we believe that we are a leading retailer of natural stone and man-made tiles, accessories, and related materials in the United States.



Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic



The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant economic hardship across the United States and is having a material, adverse effect on our business.  Significant uncertainty exists concerning the magnitude, impact and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic.  While the majority of our stores are still open to the public, we have taken steps to close stores and limit our hours of operation when stores are able to remain open.  Since the beginning of the second quarter, our traffic and sales have decreased by approximately 50% when compared to the same period in 2019.  Factors deriving from the COVID-19 response that have and are expected to continue to negatively impact our business in the future include: limitations on the ability of our suppliers to manufacture and ship the products we sell; limitations on our employees’ ability to perform their work due to illness caused by the pandemic or local, state, or federal orders requiring our stores to close or employees to remain at home; limitation of carriers to deliver our product to customers; limitations on the ability of our customers to conduct their business and purchase our products and services; and limitations on the ability of our customers to pay us in a timely manner. These events are expected to have a material, adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, cash flows and liquidity at least until the COVID-19 pandemic moderates. The effectiveness of economic stabilization efforts, including U.S. government payments to affected citizens and industries, is uncertain. A recession resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic would prolong and exacerbate the negative impact on us.    



We review long lived assets used in operations for impairment losses when events and circumstances indicate the assets may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized when estimated undiscounted future cash flows from the operations and/or disposition of the assets are less than the carrying amount. Measurement of an impairment loss is based on the excess of the carrying amount of the asset group over its fair value. Fair value is measured using discounted cash flows or independent opinions of value, as appropriate. Given the diminished projections of future cash flows due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we recorded a $2.2 million asset impairment charge during the quarter ended March 31, 2020.



We have taken immediate steps to curtail operating expenses that include reducing the size of our workforce and temporarily suspending incentive compensation programs.  Additionally, we are conserving cash by limiting inventory purchases, cutting anticipated spending on capital projects, and pursuing rent deferrals with our landlords.  Although each of the remedial measures was taken by us to protect the business and preserve liquidity, each may also have the potential to have a material adverse impact on our current business, financial condition and results of operations, and may create additional risks for the Company. While we anticipate that the foregoing measures are temporary, we cannot predict the specific duration for which these precautionary measures will stay in effect, and we may elect or need to take additional measures as the information available to us continues to develop, including with respect to our employees, relationships with our third-party vendors, and our customers. It is also possible that the remedial measures taken by us will not be adequate to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the events described above, which we expect to further adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations, cash flow and liquidity.



Our Credit Agreement with Bank of America, N.A, Fifth Third Bank, and Citizen’s Bank (the “Credit Agreement”) provides us with a senior credit facility consisting of a $100.0 million revolving line of credit through September 18, 2023.  Borrowings outstanding consisted of $37.5 million on the revolving line of credit as of March 31, 2020.  The Credit Agreement includes financial and other covenants, including covenants to maintain certain fixed charge ratios and consolidated total rent adjusted leverage ratios.  We were in compliance with our covenants as of March 31, 2020. 



As described above, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the closure of some of our stores, our financial performance has been negatively impacted and will continue to be negatively impacted until the pandemic eases. Prior to the outbreak of the pandemic, we believed that we would comply with the financial covenants under the Credit Agreement over the next twelve months; however, given current trends caused by the pandemic, it is unlikely that we will comply with certain covenants (such as the leverage ratio) in the second quarter of 2020 and possibly subsequent quarters. Under the terms of the Credit Agreement, the lenders could require repayment of the debt in advance of its maturity in the event of default. We are actively working with the lenders and evaluating a range of options. We expect to obtain an amendment or waiver from our lenders prior to a potential breach. Failure to obtain a waiver or amendment would have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations.



March 2020 Quarter Financial Overview



For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, we reported net sales of $94.3 million and $86.9 million, respectively. The increase in sales for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019 was primarily due to an increase in comparable store sales of 6.7%, or $5.8 million. The increase in sales at comparable stores for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was due to stronger conversion and higher average ticket and partially offset by weaker store traffic. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company experienced a significant negative impact on conversion rates due to the implementation of a new ERP system. Traffic levels decreased sharply in March 2020 following the outbreak of COVID-19. Sales generated by stores

 

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not included in the comparable store base increased $1.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019.



The table below sets forth information about our comparable store sales growth (decline) for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.  







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

For the three months ended



 

March 31,



 

2020

 

2019

Comparable store sales growth (decline)

 

6.7 

%

 

(4.2)

%



For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, we reported gross profit of $65.0 million and $61.8 million, respectively. The gross margin rate was 68.9% and 71.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease in gross margin rate was primarily driven by an increase in cost of products sold during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019.



For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, we reported income from operations of $2.6 million and $2.9 million, respectively.  The decrease in income from operations was primarily driven by a $3.4 million increase in selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses that was partially offset by the margin contribution from higher sales levels.  The increase in SG&A expense was primarily due to $2.2 million of asset impairment charges and a $1.1 million increase in legal expenses that was largely due to shareholder litigation.



Net cash provided by operating activities was $22.9 million and $19.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The operating cash flows generated during the quarter were used primarily to sustain operations and reduce the Company’s debt balance by $25.5 million. 

 

Key Components of our Consolidated Statements of Income



Net Sales –  Net sales represents total charges to customers, net of returns, and includes freight charged to customers. We recognize sales at the time that the customer takes control of the merchandise or final delivery of the product has occurred. We are required to charge and collect sales and other taxes on sales to our customers and remit these taxes back to government authorities. Total revenues do not include sales tax because we are a pass-through conduit for collecting and remitting sales tax. Sales are reduced by a reserve for anticipated sales returns that we estimate based on historical returns.



The comparable store sales operating metric is the percentage change in sales of comparable stores period-over-period. A store is considered comparable on the first day of the 13th full month of operation. When a store is relocated, it is excluded from the comparable store sales calculation. Comparable store sales includes total charges to customers less any actual returns. We include the change in allowance for anticipated sales returns applicable to comparable stores in the comparable store sales calculation. Comparable store sales data reported by other companies may be prepared on a different basis and therefore may not be useful for purposes of comparing our results to those of other businesses. Company management believes the comparable store sales operating metric provides useful information to both management and investors to evaluate the Company’s performance, the effectiveness of its strategy and its competitive position.



Cost of Sales –  Cost of sales consists primarily of material costs, freight, customs and duties fees, and storage and delivery of product to the customers, as well as physical inventory losses and costs associated with manufacturing of setting and maintenance materials.



Gross Profit – Gross profit is net sales less cost of sales. Gross margin rate is the percentage determined by dividing gross profit by

net sales.



Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses –  Selling, general, and administrative expenses consist primarily of compensation costs, occupancy, utilities, maintenance costs, advertising costs, shipping and transportation expenses to move inventory from our distribution centers to our stores, and depreciation and amortization.



Pre-opening Costs –  Our pre-opening costs are those typically associated with the opening of a new store and generally include rent expense, compensation costs and promotional costs. We expense pre-opening costs as incurred and include these costs in selling, general, and administrative expenses.



Income Taxes –  We are subject to income tax in the United States as well as other tax jurisdictions in which we conduct business.

 

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Results of Operations



Comparison of the three months ended March 31, 2020 to the three months ended March 31, 2019







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

(in thousands)



 

2020

 

% of sales(1)

 

2019

 

% of sales

Net sales

 

$

94,279 

 

 

 

 

$

86,908 

 

 

 

Cost of sales

 

 

29,324 

 

31.1 

%

 

 

25,066 

 

28.8 

%

Gross profit

 

 

64,955 

 

68.9 

%

 

 

61,842 

 

71.2 

%

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

62,361 

 

66.1 

%

 

 

58,948 

 

67.8 

%

Income from operations

 

 

2,594 

 

2.8 

%

 

 

2,894 

 

3.3 

%

Interest expense

 

 

(848)

 

(0.9)

%

 

 

(978)

 

(1.1)

%

Other income

 

 

 -

 

 -

%

 

 

15 

 

0.0 

%

Income before income taxes

 

 

1,746 

 

1.9 

%

 

 

1,931 

 

2.2 

%

Benefit (provision) for income taxes

 

 

1,756 

 

1.9 

%

 

 

(611)

 

(0.7)

%

Net income

 

$

3,502 

 

3.7 

%

 

$

1,320 

 

1.5 

%

(1) Amounts do not foot due to rounding.



Net Sales Net sales for the first quarter of 2020 increased $7.4 million, or 8.5%, compared with the first quarter of 2019, primarily due to a $5.8 million increase in net sales generated by comparable stores. The increase in sales at comparable stores for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was due to stronger conversion rates and higher average tickets which were partially offset by weaker store traffic. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company experienced a significant negative impact on conversion rates due to the implementation of a new ERP system. Traffic levels decreased sharply in March 2020 following the outbreak of COVID-19. Sales generated by stores not included in the comparable store base increased $1.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019.



Gross Profit Gross profit for the first quarter of 2020 increased $3.1 million, or 5.0%, compared with the first quarter of 2019 primarily due to an increase in net sales. The gross margin rate was 68.9% and 71.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease in gross margin rate was primarily driven by an increase in cost of products sold during the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019.



Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses Selling, general, and administrative expenses for the first quarter of 2020 increased $3.4 million, or 5.8%, compared with the first quarter of 2019.  The increase in SG&A expense was primarily due to $2.2 million of asset impairment charges and a $1.1 million increase in legal expenses that was largely due to shareholder litigation.



Pre-opening Costs During the first quarter of 2020 and 2019, we incurred pre-opening costs of $0.0 million and $0.1 million, respectively.  



Interest Expense Interest expense was $0.8 million and $1.0 million for the first quarter of 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease was due to a  lower interest rate during the first quarter of 2020.  



Provision for Income Taxes Provision for income taxes decreased $2.4 million for the first quarter of 2020 compared with the first quarter of 2019. Our effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was (100.6)% and 31.6%, respectively. The decrease in the tax provision and the effective tax rate is primarily due to the enactment of the CARES Act which gives the Company the ability to carry back federal NOLs to years with a federal statutory tax rate of 35%.

 

 

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Non-GAAP Measures



We calculate Adjusted EBITDA by taking net income calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”), and adjusting for interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, and stock based compensation expense. Adjusted EBITDA margin is equal to Adjusted EBITDA divided by net sales. We calculate pretax return on capital employed by taking income (loss) from operations divided by capital employed. Capital employed equals total assets less accounts payable, income taxes payable, other accrued liabilities, deferred rent, lease liability and other long-term liabilities.  Other companies may calculate both Adjusted EBITDA and pretax return on capital employed differently, limiting the usefulness of these measures for comparative purposes.



We believe that these non-GAAP measures of financial results provide useful information to management and investors regarding certain financial and business trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations. Our management uses these non-GAAP measures to compare our performance to that of prior periods for trend analyses, for purposes of determining management incentive compensation, for budgeting and planning purposes and for assessing the effectiveness of capital allocation over time. These measures are used in monthly financial reports prepared for management and our Board of Directors. We believe that the use of these non-GAAP financial measures provides an additional tool for investors to use in evaluating ongoing operating results and trends and in comparing our financial measures with other specialty retailers, many of which present similar non-GAAP financial measures to investors.



Our management does not consider these non-GAAP measures in isolation or as an alternative to financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP. The principal limitations of these non-GAAP financial measures are that they exclude significant expenses and income that are required by GAAP to be recognized in our consolidated financial statements. In addition, they are subject to inherent limitations as they reflect the exercise of judgments by management about which expenses and income are excluded or included in determining these non-GAAP financial measures. In order to compensate for these limitations, management presents non-GAAP financial measures in connection with GAAP results. We urge investors to review the reconciliation of our non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP financial measures and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business.



The reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 is as follows:







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 (in thousands)



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2020

 

% of sales(1)

 

 

2019

 

% of sales(1)

Net income

 

$

3,502 

 

3.7 

%

 

 

$

1,320 

 

1.5 

%

Interest expense

 

 

848 

 

0.9 

%

 

 

 

978 

 

1.1 

%

Income taxes

 

 

(1,756)

 

(1.9)

%

 

 

 

611 

 

0.7 

%

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

8,215 

 

8.7 

%

 

 

 

7,964 

 

9.2 

%

Stock based compensation

 

 

566 

 

0.6 

%

 

 

 

739 

 

0.8 

%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

11,375 

 

12.1 

%

 

 

$

11,612 

 

13.4 

%





(1) Amounts do not foot due to rounding.



The calculation of pretax return on capital employed is as follows:







 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

($ in thousands)

 

March 31,

 



 

2020(1)

 

2019(1)

 

(Loss) income from Operations (trailing twelve months)

 

$

(1,657)

 

$

13,347 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Assets

 

 

401,279 

 

 

328,030 

 

Less: Accounts payable

 

 

(19,260)

 

 

(29,242)

 

Less: Income tax payable

 

 

(44)

 

 

(116)

 

Less: Other accrued liabilities

 

 

(25,805)

 

 

(27,035)

 

Less: Lease liability(2)

 

 

(160,115)

 

 

(67,122)

 

Less: Other long-term liabilities

 

 

(3,917)

 

 

(3,937)

 

Capital Employed

 

$

192,138 

 

$

200,578 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretax Return on Capital Employed

 

 

(0.9)

%

 

6.7 

%



 

20


 

(1) Income statement accounts represent the activity for the trailing twelve months ended as of each of the balance sheet dates. Balance sheet accounts represent the average account balance for the four quarters ended as of each of the balance sheet dates.

(2) Represents the average lease liability and deferred rent account balances for the four quarters ended as of each of the balance sheet dates.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources



As a result of COVID-19, we have taken immediate steps to curtail operating expenses that include reducing the size of our workforce and temporarily suspending incentive compensation programs.  Additionally, we are conserving cash by limiting inventory purchases, cutting anticipated spending on capital projects, and pursuing rent deferrals with our landlords.  Although each of the remedial measures was taken by us to protect the business and preserve liquidity, each may also have the potential to have a material adverse impact on our current business, financial condition and results of operations, and may create additional risks for the Company. While we anticipate that the foregoing measures are temporary, we cannot predict the specific duration for which these precautionary measures will stay in effect, and we may elect or need to take additional measures as the information available to us continues to develop, including with respect to our employees, relationships with our third-party vendors, and our customers. It is also possible that the remedial measures taken by us will not be adequate to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the events described above, which we expect to further adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations, cash flow and liquidity.



Our principal liquidity requirements have been for working capital and capital expenditures. Our principal sources of liquidity are $5.7 million of cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2020, our cash flow from operations, and borrowings available under our Credit Agreement. We expect to use this liquidity for purchasing additional merchandise inventory, maintaining our existing stores, and general corporate purposes.



On September 18, 2018, Holdings and its operating subsidiary, The Tile Shop, LLC, entered into the Credit Agreement with Bank of America, N.A., Fifth Third Bank and Citizens Bank. The Credit Agreement provides the Company with a senior credit facility consisting of a $100.0 million revolving line of credit through September 18, 2023. Borrowings pursuant to the Credit Agreement initially bear interest at a LIBOR or base rate. The LIBOR-based rate ranges from LIBOR plus 1.50% to 2.25% depending on our rent adjusted leverage ratio. The base rate is equal to the greatest of (a) the Federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (b) the Bank of America “prime rate,” and (c) the Eurodollar rate plus 1.00%, in each case plus 0.50% to 1.25% depending on our rent adjusted leverage ratio. At March 31, 2020, the base interest rate was 4.50% and the LIBOR-based interest rate was 3.98%.  Borrowings outstanding consisted of $37.5 million on the revolving line of credit as of March 31, 2020. We also have standby letters of credit outstanding related to our workers compensation and medical insurance policies. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, the standby letters of credit totaled $1.3 million and  $1.2 million, respectively. There was $61.2 million available for borrowing on the revolving line of credit as of March 31, 2020, which may be used to support our growth and for working capital purposes.



The Credit Agreement is secured by virtually all of our assets, including but not limited to, inventory, receivables, equipment and real property. The Credit Agreement contains customary events of default, conditions to borrowings, and restrictive covenants, including restrictions on our ability to dispose of assets, make acquisitions, incur additional debt, incur liens, or make investments. The Credit Agreement also includes financial and other covenants, including covenants to maintain certain fixed charge coverage ratios and consolidated total rent adjusted leverage ratios. We were in compliance with the covenants as of March 31, 2020.



As described above, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the closure of some of our stores, our financial performance has been negatively impacted and will continue to be negatively impacted until the pandemic eases. Prior to the outbreak of the pandemic, we believed that we would comply with the financial covenants under the Credit Agreement over the next twelve months; however, given current trends caused by the pandemic, it is unlikely that we will comply with certain covenants (such as the leverage ratio) in the second quarter of 2020 and possibly subsequent quarters. Under the terms of the Credit Agreement, the lenders could require repayment of the debt in advance of its maturity in the event of default. We are actively working with the lenders and evaluating a range of options. We expect to obtain an amendment or waiver from our lenders prior to a potential breach. Failure to obtain a waiver or amendment would have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations.



Capital Expenditures



Capital expenditures were $0.6 million and $12.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease in capital expenditures was driven by our plan established at the beginning of the year to limit capital spending and focus on reducing debt during the three months ending March 31, 2020.



 

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Cash flows



The following table summarizes our cash flow data for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

(in thousands)



 

Three Months Ended



 

March 31,



 

2020

 

2019

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

22,892 

 

$

19,679 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(645)

 

 

(11,588)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(25,639)

 

 

(5,742)



Operating activities



Net cash provided by operating activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $22.9 million compared with $19.7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2019. The increase is attributable to an increase in net income and improved working capital management.



Investing activities



Net cash used in investing activities totaled $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with $11.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Net cash used in investing activities in each period was primarily for store fixtures, equipment, building improvements, and general corporate information technology assets.



Financing activities



Net cash used in financing activities was $25.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with $5.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019.  Net cash used in financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 was applied toward reducing our long-term debt by $25.5 million during the three months ending March 31, 2020.



Cash and cash equivalents totaled $5.7 million at March 31, 2020 compared with $9.1 million at December 31, 2019. Working capital was $43.8 million at March 31, 2020 compared with $52.3 million at December 31, 2019. The decrease in working capital during the first quarter of 2019 was primarily due to a decrease in inventory and in cash and cash equivalents.



Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements



As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we did not have any “off-balance sheet arrangements” (as such term is defined in Item 303 of Regulation S-K) that could have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, net sales or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.



Contractual Arrangements



As of March 31, 2020, there were no material changes to our contractual obligations outside the ordinary course of business.

 

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted



In June 2016, the FASB issued a final standard on accounting for credit losses. The new standard was initially effective for us in 2020, and requires a change in credit loss calculations using the expected loss method. In November 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2019-10, “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842): Effective Dates,” which, among other things, defers the effective date of Accounting Standards Update 2016-13, the standard on accounting for credit losses, for public filers that are considered smaller reporting companies as defined by the SEC to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted.  We are evaluating the effect of this standard on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK



With the exception of the impacts of COVID-19, which are discussed elsewhere in this document, there have been no material changes in our reported market risks or risk management policies since the filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 13, 2020.

 

 

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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES



Disclosure Controls and Procedures



We have established disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and that information relating to the Company is accumulated and communicated to management, including our principal officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2020 and have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of March 31, 2020 due to material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as described below.



On January 1, 2019, we implemented an ERP system on a company-wide basis. As previously disclosed, during the year ended December 31, 2019, we identified two material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting that arose from the new ERP system implementation. The two material weaknesses are:



·

The ineffective design and implementation of effective controls with respect to the ERP system conversion. Specifically, we did not exercise sufficient corporate governance and oversight, design effective controls over the ERP implementation to ensure appropriate data conversion and data integrity, or provide sufficient end-user training to our employees to ensure that our employees could effectively operate the system and carry out their responsibilities.



·

The ineffective design and implementation of IT general controls (ITGCs) for the ERP system that are relevant to the preparation of our financial statements. Specifically, we did not (i) maintain adequate control over user access to the ERP system to ensure appropriate segregation of duties and to restrict access to financial applications and data; and (ii) maintain adequate documentation practices surrounding management and control of IT changes affecting financial IT applications. Our business process controls (automated and manual) are dependent on the affected ITGCs and, therefore, are also deemed ineffective because they are adversely impacted by ineffective ITGCs.



Planned Remediation of Material Weaknesses



We have adjusted, and intend to consider further adjustments to, our previously disclosed plans relating to addressing these material weaknesses. As previously disclosed, we voluntarily delisted our common stock from Nasdaq in November 2019 and intend to deregister our common stock under the Exchange Act. Upon the effectiveness of the deregistration with the SEC, our obligations of associated with being an Exchange Act-registered company, including the requirement to file current and periodic reports, will terminate.



Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting



There were no changes in internal control over financial reporting (as defined by Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended March 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION



ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS



We are, from time to time, party to lawsuits, threatened lawsuits, disputes and other claims arising in the normal course of business. We assess liabilities and contingencies in connection with outstanding legal proceedings utilizing the latest information available. Where it is probable that we will incur a loss and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated, we record a liability in the consolidated financial statements. These legal accruals may be increased or decreased to reflect any relevant developments on a quarterly basis. Where a loss is not probable or the amount of the loss is not estimable, we do not record an accrual, consistent with applicable accounting guidance. Based on information currently available to us, advice of counsel, and available insurance coverage, we believe that our established accruals are adequate and the liabilities arising from the legal proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial condition. However, in light of the inherent uncertainty in legal proceedings, there can be no assurance that the ultimate resolution of a matter will not exceed established accruals. As a result, the outcome of a particular matter or a combination of matters may be material to our results of operations for a particular period, depending upon the size of the loss or our income for that particular period.

 

On November 5, 2019, a class action and derivative lawsuit was filed in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware against us and our directors by a purported stockholder, K-Bar Holdings LLC.  On November 7, 2019, a similar complaint was filed by a purported

 

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stockholder, Wynnefield Capital, Inc., represented by the same plaintiffs’ law firm which filed the K-Bar Holdings lawsuit. On November 13, 2019, the two cases were consolidated. The complaints allege breaches of fiduciary duty in connection with, among other things, our decision to delist from Nasdaq and deregister our common stock under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and directors’ purchases of common stock. The complaints include derivative claims and seek injunctive relief to prevent us from deregistering our common stock, injunctive relief to prevent additional stock purchases, and unspecified damages. The Court entered a temporary restraining order (“TRO”) on November 8, 2019, which prohibits us from filing a Form 15 to complete the proposed deregistration and bars additional stock purchases by the defendant directors. The case is currently set for a trial beginning on July 13, 2020. We plan to continue to contest the litigation vigorously. The individual defendants in the case have asserted a right to indemnification from us, for which we have Director and Officer Liability Insurance policies that may provide coverage for certain defense costs and litigation expenses in addition to amounts the Court could award if plaintiffs were to prevail.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS



There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 other than with respect to the risk factor discussed below. In addition, many of the risk factors disclosed in Item 1A of our Annual Report have been, and we anticipate will continue to be further, heightened or exacerbated by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. 



The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted, and we anticipate will continue to materially adversely affect, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows, and our ability to maintain compliance with our current, or obtain new, lending facilities.

 

The novel strain of coronavirus, COVID-19, was first identified in China in late 2019. It has since spread globally and was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic has materially adversely affected our business, and we anticipate it will continue to negatively impact us at least throughout the duration of the pandemic. The full extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and financial performance, including our ability to comply with the financial covenants under our Credit Agreement, remains uncertain. A recession resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic would prolong and exacerbate the negative impact on us. 



In response to COVID-19, governmental authorities have implemented numerous measures to try to contain the virus, such as travel bans and restrictions, prohibitions on group events and gatherings, shutdowns of certain businesses, curfews, shelter in place orders and recommendation to practice social distancing. Although many governmental measures have had specific expiration dates, some of those measures have already been extended more than once, and there is considerable uncertainty regarding the duration of such measures and any potential future measures. Such measures have impacted, and may continue to affect, our workforce, operations, suppliers and customers. For instance, several of our stores have been required to limit their hours or close entirely, and our store traffic and sales have decreased by approximately 50% since the beginning of the second quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. We have taken steps to reduce the size of our workforce and we can provide no assurance that we will be able to rehire our workforce in the event our business experiences a subsequent recovery. Furthermore, while we have implemented work from home policies for a portion of our workforce, our store-based workforce comes into close contact with our customers as part of their day-to-day responsibilities, which increases the likelihood that they could contract COVID-19, which could potentially adversely affect our ability to adequately staff our stores and require us to incur additional costs to sanitize the impacted location. In addition, employees working remotely may not have the resources available to enable them to maintain the same level of productivity and efficiency, and increased reliance on remote access to our information systems increases our exposure to potential cybersecurity threats. 



We have taken additional steps to curtail our operating expenses and conserve cash, including suspending incentive compensation programs and reducing executive compensation; limiting inventory purchases; cutting anticipated spending on capital projects; and pursuing rent deferrals with our landlords. While we anticipate that such measures will be temporary, we cannot predict how long we may need to keep such measures in effect. In addition, we may elect or need to take additional remedial measures as the information available to us continues to develop, including with respect to our workforce, relationships with our third-party vendors, and our customers. There is no certainty that the remedial measures we have implemented to date, or any additional remedial steps we may take in the future, will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by COVID-19. Further, such measures could potentially materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations and create additional risks for us.



In addition, our liquidity position is dependent upon our ability to borrow under our Credit Agreement. Prior to the outbreak of the pandemic, we believed that we would comply with the financial covenants under the Credit Agreement over the next twelve months; however, given the current trends caused by the pandemic, it is unlikely that we will comply with certain covenants (such as the leverage ratio) in the second quarter of 2020, And possibly subsequent quarters. Under the terms of the Credit Agreement, the lenders could require repayment of the debt in advance of maturity in the event of default. We are actively working with the lenders and evaluating a range of options. We expect to obtain an amendment or waiver from our lenders prior to a potential breach. Failure to obtain a waiver or amendment would have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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The ultimate magnitude of COVID-19, including the full extent of the material negative impact on our financial and operational results, will depend on future developments, including the duration of the pandemic and the related length of its impact on the global economy, which are uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time. The resumption of our normal business operations may be delayed or constrained by lingering effects of COVID-19 on our customers, suppliers and/or third-party service providers. Furthermore, the extent to which our mitigation efforts are successful, if at all, is not currently ascertainable. We cannot predict the full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and results of operations, but our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows have already been materially adversely impacted, and we anticipate they will continue to be materially adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and its negative effects on global economic conditions.



ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Total Number of Shares Purchased

 

Average Price Paid per Share

 

Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Program

 

Maximum Number of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under Plans or Programs

January 1, 2020 - January 31, 2020

 

13,746 

(1)

$

0.00 

 

 -

 

 -

February 1, 2020 - February 29, 2020

 

41,313 

(2)

 

1.91 

 

 -

 

 -

March 1, 2020 - March 31, 2020

 

24,238 

(1)

 

0.00 

 

 -

 

 -

   

 

79,297 

 

$

1.00 

 

 -

 

 -

(1)

These shares were repurchased by the Company pursuant to the terms of the underlying restricted stock agreements, as allowed by the 2012 Omnibus Award Plan. The Company paid $0.0001 per share, the par value, to repurchase these shares. These repurchases were not part of a publicly announced plan or program.

(2)

A total of 38,382 shares were withheld by the Company to satisfy tax withholding obligations due upon the vesting of restricted stock grants, as allowed by the 2012 Omnibus Award Plan.  The Company did not pay cash to repurchase these shares, nor were these repurchases part of a publicly announced plan or program.  An additional 2,931 shares were repurchased by the Company pursuant to the terms of the underlying restricted stock agreements, as allowed by the 2012 Omnibus Award Plan. The Company paid $0.0001 per share, the par value, to repurchase these shares. These repurchases were not part of a publicly announced plan or program.



ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES



Not Applicable.



ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES



Not Applicable.



ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION



None.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

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