10-K 1 tts20151231_10k.htm FORM 10-K tts20151231_10k.htm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

  

FORM 10-K

  

☒     Annual report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015

or

     Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from to

  

Commission File Number: 001-35629

  

TILE SHOP HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

  

Delaware

45-5538095

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

14000 Carlson Parkway,

Plymouth, Minnesota 55441

(Address of principal executive

offices, including zip code)

 

(763) 852-2988

(Registrant’s telephone number,

including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to

Section 12(b) of the Act:

  

Title of each class

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.0001 par value

The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to

Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐    No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐   No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒     No ☐

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

  

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form -10K or any amendment to this Form 10K. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12-b2 of the Exchange Act. 

 

Large accelerated filer ☒

Accelerated filer ☐

Non-accelerated filer ☐

Smaller reporting company ☐

               

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

  

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter was approximately: $534,784,518. For purposes of this calculation, the Company has included any shares held by Nabron International Inc. as shares held by non-affiliates.

 

At February 19, 2016, the registrant had 51,437,973 shares of Common Stock outstanding.

   

 
 

 

    

TILE SHOP HOLDINGS, INC. FORM 10-K

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

PART I

  

  

  

ITEM 1.

BUSINESS

1

  

ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

6

  

ITEM 1B.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

14

  

ITEM 2.

PROPERTIES

14

  

ITEM 3.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

14

  

ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

15

 

 

 

PART II

  

  

  

ITEM 5.

MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

16

  

ITEM 6.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

18

  

ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

19

  

ITEM 7A.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

29

  

ITEM 8.

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

29

  

ITEM 9.

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

29

  

ITEM 9A.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

30

  

ITEM 9B.

OTHER INFORMATION

31

 

 

 

PART III

  

  

  

ITEM 10.

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

32

  

ITEM 11.

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

38

  

ITEM 12.

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

47

  

ITEM 13.

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

49

  

ITEM 14.

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

50

 

 

 

PART IV

  

  

  

ITEM 15.

EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

52

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

76

 

 

 

 

POWER OF ATTORNEY 

77

     

 
 

 

   

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Overview

 

The Tile Shop was founded in 1985. We offer a wide selection of manufactured and natural stone tiles, setting and maintenance materials, and related accessories in retail locations across much of the United States. Our assortment includes over 4,000 products from around the world that consist of natural stone, ceramic, porcelain, glass, and metal tiles. Natural stone products including marble, granite, quartz, sandstone, travertine, slate, and onyx tiles. The majority of our tile products are sold under our proprietary Rush River and Fired Earth brands. We purchase our tile products, accessories and tools directly from our network of vendors. We manufacture our own setting and maintenance materials, such as thinset, grout and sealers under our Superior brand name. As of December 31, 2015, we operated 114 stores in 31 states, with an average size of approximately 21,800 square feet. We also sell our products on our website.

 

We believe that our long-term vendor relationships, together with our design, manufacturing and distribution capabilities, enable us to offer a broad assortment of high-quality products to our customers, who are primarily homeowners and professionals, at competitive prices. We have invested significant resources to develop our proprietary brands and product sources and believe that we are a leading retailer of stone and ceramic tiles, accessories, and related materials in the United States.

 

In 2015, we reported net sales and income from operations of $293.0 million and $29.2 million, respectively. Our 2014 and 2013 net sales were $257.2 million and $229.6 million, respectively, and our 2014 and 2013 income from operations was $21.6 million and $33.1 million, respectively. We opened 7 new stores in 2015 and intend to open 9 to 12 stores in 2016. As of fiscal year end 2015 and 2014, we had total assets of $245.4 million and $252.2 million, respectively.

 

Organizational History

 

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. (“Holdings”, and together with its wholly owned subsidiaries, the “Company”, or “we”) was incorporated in Delaware in June 2012. On August 21, 2012, Holdings consummated the transactions contemplated pursuant to that certain Contribution and Merger Agreement dated as of June 27, 2012, among Holdings, JWC Acquisition Corp., a publicly-held Delaware corporation (“JWCAC”), The Tile Shop, LLC, a privately-held Delaware limited liability company (“The Tile Shop”), and certain other parties. Through a series of transactions, The Tile Shop was contributed to and became a subsidiary of Holdings and Holdings effected a business combination with and became a successor issuer to JWCAC. These transactions are referred to herein as the “Business Combination.”

 

Competitive Strengths

 

We believe that the following factors differentiate us from our competitors and position us to continue to grow our specialty tile business.

 

Inspiring Customer Experience In each store, our products are brought to life by showcasing a broad array of the items we offer in approximately 50 different mockups, or vignettes, of bathrooms, kitchens, fireplaces, foyers, and other distinct spaces. Our stores are spacious, well-lit, and organized by product type to simplify our customers’ shopping experience.

 

Broad Product Assortment at Attractive Prices We offer over 4,000 manufactured and natural tile products, setting and maintenance materials, accessories, and tools. We are able to maintain competitive prices by purchasing tile and accessories directly from producers and manufacturing our own setting and maintenance materials.

 

Customer Service and Satisfaction Our sales personnel are highly-trained and knowledgeable about the technical and design aspects of our products. We offer weekly do-it-yourself classes in all of our stores. In addition, we provide one-on-one installation training as required to meet customer needs. We accept returns up to six months following the date of the sale, with no restocking fees.

 

Worldwide Sourcing Capabilities We have long-standing relationships with our tile vendors throughout the world and work with them to design products exclusively for us. We believe that these direct relationships differentiate us from our competitors.

 

 
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Proprietary Branding We sell the majority of our products under our proprietary brand names, which help us to differentiate our products from those of our competitors. We offer products across a range of price points and quality levels that allow us to target discrete market segments and to appeal to diverse groups of customers.

 

Centralized Distribution System We service our retail locations from four distribution centers. Our distribution centers, located in Michigan, Oklahoma, Virginia, and Wisconsin, are positioned to cost effectively service our existing stores.

   

Strategic Plan

 

Key elements of our strategy include:

 

Develop Store Talent – During 2015, our initiatives to improve hiring and training practices resulted in significant reductions in sales associate turnover and increases to average manager tenure. We plan to continue placing an emphasis on cultivating talent in our stores through recruiting, ongoing education and mentorship efforts. A key element of this strategy involves our Market Managers who are responsible for developing talent and driving profitability within a market. Market Managers are seasoned store managers who reinforce best practices to grow sales, expand product knowledge, enhance profitability and develop a team that is able to produce new leadership candidates. We plan to have Market Managers assigned to all stores in 2016. Additionally, we have created a new Senior Assistant Store Manager position for our top performing Assistant Store Managers who complete all requisite training programs and also distinguish themselves as high profile Store Manager candidates. We believe the ongoing emphasis placed on the combination of recruiting, training and mentorship will continue to reduce turnover and produce the next generation of store leaders to support our long-term growth plans.


Grow Professional Sales
– During 2015, our initiatives focused on the professional customer resulted in a significant increase in professional customer sales and mix relative to total company sales. The professional customer includes tile contractors, custom home builders and designers. Key elements of this strategy included joining national and local trade organizations, developing marketing strategies, hosting in-store events, enhancing our assortment of tool products and refining our credit policies. We believe that our value propositions including a six month return policy, no restocking fees, store hours, tiered discounts, product availability, wide assortment, private label setting material, in house credit, free design support and job site delivery are un-paralleled in the marketplace. Our professional strategy enables our store associates to develop relationships with professionals in their trade area. Our corporate marketing team supports the stores by developing traffic and “leads” through trade organization memberships, direct marketing, co-hosting events in our showrooms and other forms of digital marketing primarily, email marketing. We continuously expand our assortment and merchandising square footage of installation materials and tools to meet the changing and growing needs of our professional customers. We have also implemented training programs and a standard operating process to assist new store sales associates to quickly and successfully develop revenues from professional customers. Creating awareness and increasing the frequency of professional visits to our stores continue to be important elements of our revenue growth plans in 2016 and future periods.

 

Increase Store Unit Growth – We believe we have exceptional opportunities to continue to add stores in existing markets and expand into new markets. We plan to increase our existing store base by 8 to 12 percent each year over the next several years. During 2016, we will focus on opening new stores in existing markets where we will be able to leverage economies of scale in marketing, distribution, and store talent. Additionally, we plan to pursue opportunities to further enhance the return on our new store investments by selecting smaller retail spaces that provides us the opportunity to reduce the initial investment to build a new store and the ongoing occupancy costs.

 

Sales Model

 

We principally sell our products directly to homeowners and professionals. With regard to individual customers, we believe that due to the average cost and relative infrequency of a tile purchase, many of our individual customers conduct extensive research using multiple channels before making a purchase decision. Our sales strategy emphasizes customer service by providing comprehensive and convenient educational tools on our website and in our stores for our customers to learn about our products and the tile installation process. Our website contains a broad range of information regarding our tile products, setting and maintenance materials, and accessories. Customers can order samples, view catalogs, or purchase products from either our stores or website. Customers can choose to have their purchases delivered or picked up at one of our stores. We believe this strategy also positions us well with professional customers who are influenced by the preferences of individual homeowners.

 

Our stores are designed to emphasize our products in a visually appealing showroom format. Our average store is approximately 21,800 square feet, with approximately 19,000 square feet devoted to the showroom and the balance being warehouse space, which is used primarily to hold customer orders waiting to be picked up or delivered. Our stores are typically accessible from major roadways and have significant visibility to passing traffic. We can adapt to a range of existing buildings, whether free-standing or in shopping centers.

 

 
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Unlike many of our competitors, we devote a substantial portion of our retail store space to showrooms, including samples of our over 4,000 products and approximately 50 different vignettes of bathrooms, kitchens, fireplaces, foyers, outdoor living, and other distinct spaces that showcase our products. Our showrooms are designed to provide our customers with a better understanding of how to integrate various types of tile in order to create an attractive presentation in their homes. Most stores are also equipped with a training center designed to teach customers how to properly install tile.

 

A typical store staff consists of a manager, an assistant manager, and five to fifteen staff, including both sales and warehouse associates. Our store managers are responsible for store operations and for overseeing our customers’ shopping experience.

 

We offer financing to customers through a branded credit card provided by a third-party consumer finance company. These credit cards, which can only be used in our stores and on our website, give customers the opportunity to purchase tile from our stores at a discounted price.

 

Marketing

 

We utilize a variety of marketing strategies and programs to acquire and retain customers. Our customers include both consumers and trade professionals. Our advertising primarily consists of digital media, direct marketing including email and postal mail, in store events, mobile and traditional media vehicles including newspaper circular/print ads, radio, television and video. We continually test and learn from new media and adjust our programs based on performance.

 

Our e-commerce site, tileshop.com supports desktop, tablet and mobile devices and is designed for consumers, trade professionals and industry stakeholders to learn about; our brand, our value propositions, our product assortment and installation techniques, and to look up our store locations. On social media, #TheTileShop provides current and prospective customers a high level of brand engagement to share their designs and finished projects in our inspiration gallery.  Tileshop.com also serves as a commerce platform for our customers who want to purchase products within or outside of our physical store footprint. Products can be delivered to a job site, home or store location.

 

Products

 

We offer a complete assortment of tile products, generally sourced directly from our vendors, including natural stone, ceramic, porcelain, glass, and metal tiles. Natural stone products include, marble, granite, quartz, sandstone, travertine, slate, and onyx tiles. Our wide assortment of trim pieces, mosaics, pencils, listellos and other unique products encourage our customers to make a fashion statement with their tile project. This also helps deliver a high level of customer satisfaction and drives repeat business. We also offer a broad range of setting and maintenance materials, such as thinset, grout, sealers, and accessories, including installation tools, shower and bath shelves, drains, and similar products. We sell most of our products under our proprietary brand names, including Superior Adhesives & Chemicals, Superior Tools & Supplies, Rush River, and Fired Earth. In total, we offer over 4,000 different tile, setting and maintenance materials and accessory products. In 2015, our net sales were 53% from natural stone products, 35% from ceramic and porcelain products, and 12% from setting, maintenance and related accessory products. These amounts compare to 52% from natural stone products, 34% from ceramic and porcelain products, and 14% from setting, maintenance and other related accessory products in 2014.

 

Manufacturers

 

We have long-standing relationships with our vendors throughout the world and work with them to design products exclusively for us. We believe that these direct relationships differentiate us from our competitors, who generally purchase products through distributors.

 

We currently purchase tile products from approximately 165 different suppliers. Our top ten tile vendors accounted for 41% of our tile purchases in 2015. We believe that alternative and competitive suppliers are available for most of our products. In 2015, 68% of our purchased product was sourced from Asia, 13% from Europe, 17% from North America and 2% from South America. Our foreign purchases are primarily negotiated and paid for in U.S. dollars.

 

Distribution and Order Fulfillment

 

We take possession of our products in the country of origin and arrange for transportation to our distribution centers located in Michigan, Oklahoma, Virginia and Wisconsin. We also manufacture our setting and maintenance materials at these locations. We maintain a large inventory of products in order to quickly fulfill customer orders.

 

 
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We fulfill customer orders primarily by shipping our products to our stores where customers can either pick them up or arrange for home delivery. Orders placed on our website are shipped directly to customers’ homes from our distribution centers or a local store. We continue to evaluate logistics alternatives to best service our retail store base and our customers. We believe that our existing distribution facilities will continue to play an integral role in our growth strategy, and we expect to establish one or more additional distribution centers in the next five years to support geographic expansion of our retail store base.

 

Competition

 

The retail tile market is highly-fragmented. We compete directly with large national home centers that offer a wide range of home improvement products. In addition, we also compete with regional and local specialty retailers of tile, factory-direct stores, a large number of privately-owned, single-site stores, and on-line only competitors. We also compete indirectly with companies that sell other types of floor coverings, including wood floors, carpet, and vinyl sheet. The barriers to entry into the retail tile industry are relatively low and new or existing tile retailers could enter our markets and increase the competition that we face. Many of our competitors enjoy competitive advantages over us, such as greater name recognition, longer operating histories, more varied product offerings, and greater financial, technical, and other resources.

 

We believe that the key competitive factors in the retail tile industry include:

 

 

product assortment;

 

 

product presentation;

 

 

customer service;

 

  

store location;

 

 

immediacy of inventory; and

 

 

price.

 

We believe that we compete favorably with respect to each of these factors by providing a highly diverse selection of products to our customers, at an attractive value, in appealing and convenient retail store locations, with exceptional customer service and on-site instructional opportunities. Further, while some larger factory-direct competitors manufacture their own products, many of our competitors purchase their tile from domestic manufacturers or distributors when they receive an order from a customer. As a result, we believe that it takes these retailers longer than us to deliver products to customers and that their prices tend to be higher than our prices. We also believe that we offer a broader range of products and stronger in-store customer support than these competitors.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2015, we had 1,410 employees, 1,330 of whom were full-time and none of whom were represented by a union. Of these employees, 1,077 work in our stores, 67 work in corporate, store support, infrastructure or similar functions, and 266 work in distribution and manufacturing facilities. We believe that we have good relations with our employees.

 

Property and Trademarks

 

We have registered and unregistered trademarks for all of our brands, including 18 registered trademarks. We regard our intellectual property as having significant value and our brands are an important factor in the marketing of our products. Accordingly, we have taken, and continue to take, appropriate steps to protect our intellectual property.

 

Government Regulation

 

We are subject to extensive and varied federal, state and local government regulation in the jurisdictions in which we operate, including laws and regulations relating to our relationships with our employees, public health and safety, zoning, and fire codes. We operate each of our stores, offices, and distribution and manufacturing facilities in accordance with standards and procedures designed to comply with applicable laws, codes, and regulations.

 

 
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Our operations and properties are also subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the use, storage, handling, generation, transportation, treatment, emission, release, discharge and disposal of hazardous materials, substances and wastes and relating to the investigation and cleanup of contaminated properties, including off-site disposal locations. We do not incur significant costs complying with environmental laws and regulations. However, we could be subject to material costs, liabilities, or claims relating to environmental compliance in the future, especially in the event of changes in existing laws and regulations or in their interpretation.

 

Products that we import into the United States are subject to laws and regulations imposed in conjunction with such importation, including those issued and enforced by U.S. Customs and Border Protection. We work closely with our suppliers to ensure compliance with the applicable laws and regulations in these areas.

 

Financial Information about Geographic Areas

 

Nearly all of our revenues are generated within the United States and nearly all of our long-lived assets are located within the United States as well. In 2014, we opened a sourcing office based in China.

 

Available Information

  

We are subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and its rules and regulations (the “1934 Act”). The 1934 Act requires us to file periodic reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Copies of these reports, proxy statements and other information can be read and copied at the SEC Public Reference Room, 100 F Street, N.E., Washington D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains a Web site that contains reports, proxy statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. These materials may be obtained electronically by accessing the SEC’s Web site at http://www.sec.gov.

  

We maintain a Web site at www.tileshop.com, the contents of which are not part of or incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We make our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports available on our Web site, free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports have been filed with or furnished to the SEC. Our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, as well as any waivers from and amendments to the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, are also posted on our Web site.

  

 
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

The following are significant factors known to us that could adversely affect our business, financial condition, or operating results, as well as adversely affect the value of an investment in our common stock. These risks could cause our actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and from results predicted by forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements made by us are qualified by the risks described below. There may be additional risks that are not presently material or known. You should carefully consider each of the following risks and all other information set forth in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Our business, financial condition and operating results are dependent on general economic conditions and discretionary spending by our customers, which in turn are affected by a variety of factors beyond our control. If such conditions deteriorate, our business, financial condition and operating results may be adversely affected.

 

Our business, financial condition and operating results are affected by general economic conditions and discretionary spending by our customers. Such general economic conditions and discretionary spending are beyond our control and are affected by, among other things:

 

 

the housing market, including housing turnover and home values;

 

 

consumer confidence in the economy;

 

 

unemployment trends;

 

 

consumer debt levels;

 

 

consumer credit availability;

 

 

data security and privacy concerns;

 

 

energy prices;

 

 

interest rates and inflation;

 

 

slower rates of growth in real disposable personal income;

 

 

natural disasters and unpredictable weather;

 

 

tax rates and tax policy; and

 

 

other matters that influence consumer confidence and spending.

 

If such conditions deteriorate, our business, financial condition and operating results may be adversely affected. In addition, increasing volatility in financial and capital markets may cause some of the above factors to change with a greater degree of frequency and magnitude than in the past.

 

Our ability to grow and remain profitable may be limited by direct or indirect competition in the retail tile industry, which is highly competitive.

 

The retail tile industry in the United States is highly competitive. Participants in the tile industry compete primarily based on product variety, customer service, store location, and price. There can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to compete favorably with our competitors in these areas. Our store competitors include large national home centers, regional and local specialty retailers of tile, factory direct stores, privately-owned, single-site stores and online only competitors. We also compete indirectly with companies that sell other types of floor coverings, including wood floors, carpet, and vinyl sheet. In the past, we have faced periods of heightened competition that materially affected our results of operations. Certain of our competitors have greater name recognition, longer operating histories, more varied product offerings, and substantially greater financial and other resources than us. Accordingly, we may face periods of intense competition in the future that could have a material adverse effect on our planned growth and future results of operations. Moreover, the barriers to entry into the retail tile industry are relatively low. New or existing retailers could enter our markets and increase the competition that we face. In addition, manufacturers and vendors of tile and related products, including those whose products we currently sell, could enter the United States retail tile market and start directly competing with us. Competition in existing and new markets may also prevent or delay our ability to gain relative market share. Any of the developments described above could have a material adverse effect on our planned growth and future results of operations.

 

 
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If we fail to successfully manage the challenges that our planned growth poses or encounter unexpected difficulties during our expansion, our revenues and profitability could be materially adversely affected.

 

One of our long term objectives is to increase revenues and profitability through market share gains. Our ability to achieve market share growth, however, is contingent upon our ability to open new stores and achieve operating results in new stores at the same level as our similarly situated current stores. We anticipate opening 9 to 12 stores in fiscal year 2016. There can be no assurance that we will be able to open stores in new markets at the rate required to achieve market leadership in such markets, identify and obtain favorable store sites, arrange favorable leases for stores, or obtain governmental and other third-party consents, permits, and licenses needed to open or operate stores in a timely manner, train and hire a sufficient number of qualified managers for new stores, attract a strong customer base and brand familiarity in new markets, or successfully compete with established retail tile stores in the new markets that we enter. Failure to open new stores in an effective and cost-efficient manner could place us at a competitive disadvantage as compared to retailers who are more adept than us at managing these challenges, which, in turn, could negatively affect our overall operating results.

 

Our same store sales fluctuate due to a variety of economic, operating, industry and environmental factors and may not be a fair indicator of our overall performance.

 

Our same store sales have experienced fluctuations, which can be expected to continue. Numerous factors affect our same store sales results, including among others, the timing of new and relocated store openings, the relative proportion of new and relocated stores to mature stores, cannibalization resulting from the opening of new stores in existing markets, changes in advertising and other operating costs, the timing and level of markdowns, changes in our product mix, weather conditions, retail trends, the retail sales environment, economic conditions, inflation, the impact of competition, and our ability to execute our business strategy efficiently. As a result, same store sales or operating results may fluctuate, and may cause the price of our securities to fluctuate significantly. Therefore, we believe that period-to-period comparisons of our same store sales may not be a reliable indicator of our future overall operating performance.

 

We intend to open additional stores in both our existing markets and new markets, which poses both the possibility of diminishing sales by existing stores in our existing markets and the risk of a slow ramp-up period for stores in new markets.

 

Our expansion strategy includes plans to open 9 to 12 additional stores primarily in existing markets during 2016. Because our stores typically draw customers from their local areas, additional stores may draw customers away from nearby existing stores and may cause same store sales performance at those existing stores to decline, which may adversely affect our overall operating results. Additionally, stores in new markets typically have a ramp-up period before sales become steady enough for such stores to be profitable. Our ability to open additional stores will be dependent on our ability to promote and/or recruit enough qualified field managers, store managers, assistant store managers, and sales associates. The time and effort required to train and supervise a large number of new managers and associates, and integrate them into our culture may divert resources from our existing stores. If we are unable to profitably open additional stores in both new and existing markets and limit the adverse impact of those new stores on existing stores, it may reduce our same store sales and overall operating results during the implementation of our expansion strategy.

 

Our expansion strategy will be dependent upon, and limited by, the availability of adequate capital.

 

Our expansion strategy will require additional capital for, among other purposes, opening new stores, distribution centers, and manufacturing facilities as well as entering new markets. Such capital expenditures will include researching real estate and consumer markets, lease, inventory, property and equipment costs, integration of new stores and markets into company-wide systems and programs, and other costs associated with new stores and market entry expenses and growth. If cash generated internally is insufficient to fund capital requirements, we will require additional debt or equity financing. Adequate financing may not be available or, if available, may not be available on terms satisfactory to us. In addition, our credit facility may limit the amount of capital expenditures that we may make annually, depending on our leverage ratio. If we fail to obtain sufficient additional capital in the future or we are unable to make capital expenditures under our credit facility, we could be forced to curtail our expansion strategies by reducing or delaying capital expenditures relating to new stores and new market entry. As a result, there can be no assurance that we will be able to fund our current plans for the opening of new stores or entry into new markets.

 

 
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If we fail to identify and maintain relationships with a sufficient number of suppliers, our ability to obtain products that meet our high quality standards at attractive prices could be adversely affected.

 

We purchase flooring and other products directly from suppliers located around the world. However, we do not have long-term contractual supply agreements with our suppliers that obligate them to supply us with products exclusively or at specified quantities or prices. As a result, our current suppliers may decide to sell products to our competitors and may not continue selling products to us. In order to retain the competitive advantage that we believe results from these relationships, we need to continue to identify, develop and maintain relationships with qualified suppliers that can satisfy our high standards for quality and our requirements for flooring and other products in a timely and efficient manner at attractive prices. The need to develop new relationships will be particularly important as we seek to expand our operations and enhance our product offerings in the future. The loss of one or more of our existing suppliers or our inability to develop relationships with new suppliers could reduce our competitiveness, slow our plans for further expansion and cause our net sales and operating results to be adversely affected.

 

We source the over 4,000 products that we stock and sell from approximately 165 domestic and international vendors. We source a large number of those products from foreign manufacturers, including 41% of our products from a group of ten suppliers located in Asia, Europe and the United States. We generally take title to these products sourced from foreign vendors overseas and are responsible for arranging shipment to our distribution centers. Financial instability among key vendors, political instability, trade restrictions, tariffs, currency exchange rates, and transport capacity and costs are beyond our control and could negatively impact our business if they seriously disrupt the movement of products through our supply chain or increased the costs of our products.

 

If our suppliers do not use ethical business practices or comply with applicable laws and regulations, our reputation could be harmed due to negative publicity and we could be subject to legal risk.

 

We do not control the operations of our suppliers. Accordingly, we cannot guarantee that our suppliers will comply with applicable environmental and labor laws and regulations or operate in a legal, ethical, and responsible manner. Violation of environmental, labor or other laws by our suppliers or their failure to operate in a legal, ethical, or responsible manner, could reduce demand for our products if, as a result of such violation or failure, we attract negative publicity. Further, such conduct could expose us to legal risks as a result of the purchase of products from non-compliant suppliers.

 

If customers are unable to obtain third-party financing at satisfactory rates, sales of our products could be materially adversely affected.

 

Our business, financial condition, and results of operations have been, and may continue to be affected, by various economic factors. Deterioration in the current economic environment could lead to reduced consumer and business spending, including by our customers. It may also cause customers to shift their spending to products that we either do not sell or that generate lower profitably for us. Further, reduced access to credit may adversely affect the ability of consumers to purchase our products. This potential reduction in access to credit may adversely impact our ability to offer customers credit card financing through third party credit providers on terms similar to those offered currently, or at all. In addition, economic conditions, including decreases in access to credit, may result in financial difficulties leading to restructuring, bankruptcies, liquidations and other unfavorable events for our customers, which may adversely impact our industry, business, and results of operations.

 

Any failure by us to successfully anticipate consumer trends may lead to loss of consumer acceptance of our products, resulting in reduced revenues.

 

Our success depends on our ability to anticipate and respond to changing trends and consumer demands in a timely manner. If we fail to identify and respond to emerging trends, consumer acceptance of our merchandise and our image with current or potential customers may be harmed, which could reduce our revenues. Additionally, if we misjudge market trends, we may significantly overstock unpopular products and be forced to reduce the sales price of such products, which would have a negative impact on our gross profit and cash flow. Conversely, shortages of products that prove popular could also reduce our revenues.

 

We depend on a few key employees, and if we lose the services of any our executive officers, we may not be able to run our business effectively.

 

Our future success depends in part on our ability to attract and retain key executive, merchandising, marketing, and sales personnel. Our executive officers include Chris Homeister, Chief Executive Officer; Kirk Geadelmann, Chief Financial Officer; Carl Randazzo, Senior Vice President — Retail; and Joseph Kinder, Senior Vice President — Operations. We have employment and non-compete arrangements with each of Messrs. Homeister, Geadelmann, Kinder, and Randazzo. If any of these executive officers ceases to be employed by us, we would have to hire additional qualified personnel. Our ability to successfully hire other experienced and qualified executive officers cannot be assured, and may be difficult because we face competition for these professionals from our competitors, our suppliers and other companies operating in our industry. As a result, the loss or unavailability of any of our executive officers could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

 
8

 

 

We have entered into a $125.0 million credit facility. The burden of this additional debt could adversely affect us, make us more vulnerable to adverse economic or industry conditions, and prevent us from fulfilling our debt obligations or from funding our expansion strategy.

 

We have entered into a credit facility with Fifth Third Bank., Bank of America, N.A., and The Huntington National Bank, for $125.0 million, including a term loan of $50.0 million and a revolving credit facility of $75.0 million. The terms of our credit facility and the burden of the indebtedness incurred thereunder could have serious consequences for us, such as:

 

 

limiting our ability to obtain additional financing to fund our working capital, capital expenditures, debt service requirements, expansion strategy, or other needs;

 

 

placing us at a competitive disadvantage compared to competitors with less debt;

 

 

increasing our vulnerability to, and reducing our flexibility in planning for, adverse changes in economic, industry, and competitive conditions; and

 

 

increasing our vulnerability to increases in interest rates if borrowings under the credit facility are subject to variable interest rates.

 

Our credit facility also contains negative covenants that limit our ability to engage in specified types of transactions. These covenants limit our ability to, among other things:

 

 

incur indebtedness;

 

 

create liens;

 

 

engage in mergers or consolidations;

 

 

sell assets (including pursuant to sale and leaseback transactions);

 

 

pay dividends and distributions or repurchase our capital stock;

 

 

make investments, acquisitions, loans, or advances;

 

 

make capital expenditures;

 

 

repay, prepay, or redeem certain indebtedness;

 

 

engage in certain transactions with affiliates;

 

 

enter into agreements limiting subsidiary distributions;

 

 

enter into agreements limiting the ability to create liens;

 

 

amend our organizational document in a way that has a material effect on the lenders or administrative agent under our credit facility; and

 

 

change our lines of business.

 

A breach of any of these covenants could result in an event of default under our credit facility. Upon the occurrence of an event of default, the lender could elect to declare all amounts outstanding under such facility to be immediately due and payable and terminate all commitments to extend further credit, or seek amendments to our debt agreements that would provide for terms more favorable to such lender and that we may have to accept under the circumstances. If we were unable to repay those amounts, the lender under our credit facility could proceed against the collateral granted to them to secure that indebtedness.

 

 
9

 

  

If we fail to hire, train, and retain qualified store managers, sales associates, and other employees, our enhanced customer service could be compromised and we could lose sales to our competitors.

 

A key element of our competitive strategy is to provide product expertise to our customers through our extensively trained, commissioned sales associates. If we are unable to attract and retain qualified personnel and managers as needed in the future, including qualified sales personnel, our level of customer service may decline, which may decrease our revenues and profitability.

 

If we are unable to renew or replace current store leases or if we are unable to enter into leases for additional stores on favorable terms, or if one or more of our current leases is terminated prior to expiration of its stated term and we cannot find suitable alternate locations, our growth and profitability could be negatively impacted.

 

We currently lease all of our store locations. Many of our current leases provide us with the unilateral option to renew for several additional rental periods at specific rental rates. Our ability to re-negotiate favorable terms on an expiring lease or to negotiate favorable terms for a suitable alternate location, and our ability to negotiate favorable lease terms for additional store locations, could depend on conditions in the real estate market, competition for desirable properties, our relationships with current and prospective landlords, or on other factors that are not within our control. Any or all of these factors and conditions could negatively impact our growth and profitability.

 

Compliance with laws or changes in existing or new laws and regulations or regulatory enforcement priorities could adversely affect our business.

 

We must comply with various laws and regulations at the local, regional, state, federal, and international levels. These laws and regulations change frequently and such changes can impose significant costs and other burdens of compliance on our business and vendors. Any changes in regulations, the imposition of additional regulations, or the enactment of any new legislation that affect employment/labor, trade, product safety, transportation/logistics, energy costs, health care, tax, or environmental issues, or compliance with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, could have an adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations. Changes in enforcement priorities by governmental agencies charged with enforcing existing laws and regulations can increase our cost of doing business.

 

We may also be subject to audits by various taxing authorities. Changes in tax laws in any of the multiple jurisdictions in which we operate, or adverse outcomes from tax audits that we may be subject to in any of the jurisdictions in which we operate, could result in an unfavorable change in our effective tax rate, which could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

As our stores are generally concentrated in the midwest, mid-Atlantic, south and northeast regions of the United States, we are subject to regional risks.

 

We have a high concentration of stores in the midwest, mid-Atlantic, south and northeast regions. If these markets individually or collectively suffer an economic downturn or other significant adverse event, there could be an adverse impact on same store sales, revenues, and profitability, and the ability to implement our planned expansion program. Any natural disaster, extended adverse weather or other serious disruption in these markets due to fire, tornado, hurricane, or any other calamity could damage inventory and could result in decreased revenues.

 

Our results may be adversely affected by fluctuations in material and energy costs.

 

Our results may be affected by the prices of the materials used in the manufacture of tile, setting and maintenance materials, and related accessories that we sell. These prices may fluctuate based on a number of factors beyond our control, including: oil prices, changes in supply and demand, general economic conditions, labor costs, competition, import duties, tariffs, currency exchange rates, and government regulation. In addition, energy costs have fluctuated dramatically in the past and may fluctuate in the future. These fluctuations may result in an increase in our transportation costs for distribution from the manufacturer to our distribution center and from our regional distribution centers to our retail stores, utility costs for our distribution and manufacturing centers and retail stores, and overall costs to purchase products from our vendors.

 

We may not be able to adjust the prices of our products, especially in the short-term, to recover these cost increases in materials and energy. A continual rise in material and energy costs could adversely affect consumer spending and demand for our products and increase our operating costs, both of which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

 
10

 

 

Our success is highly dependent on our ability to provide timely delivery to our customers, and any disruption in our delivery capabilities or our related planning and control processes may adversely affect our operating results.

 

Our success is due in part to our ability to deliver products quickly to our customers, which relies on successful planning and distribution infrastructure, including ordering, transportation and receipt processing, and the ability of suppliers to meet distribution requirements. Our ability to maintain this success depends on the continued identification and implementation of improvements to our planning processes, distribution infrastructure, and supply chain. We also need to ensure that our distribution infrastructure and supply chain keep pace with our anticipated growth and increased number of stores. The cost of these enhanced processes could be significant and any failure to maintain, grow, or improve them could adversely affect our operating results. Our business could also be adversely affected if there are delays in product shipments due to freight difficulties, strikes, or other difficulties at our suppliers’ principal transport providers, or otherwise.

 

Natural disasters, changes in climate and geo-political events could adversely affect our operating results.

 

The threat or occurrence of one or more natural disasters or other extreme weather events, whether as a result of climate change or otherwise, the threat or outbreak of terrorism, civil unrest or other hostilities or conflicts, could materially adversely affect our financial performance. These events may result in damage to, or destruction or closure of, our stores, distribution centers and other properties. Such events can also adversely affect our work force and prevent employees and customers from reaching our stores and other properties, can modify consumer purchasing patterns and decrease disposable income, and can disrupt or disable portions of our supply chain and distribution network.

 

Our ability to control labor costs is limited, which may negatively affect our business.

 

Our ability to control labor costs is subject to numerous external factors, including prevailing wage rates, the impact of legislation or regulations governing healthcare benefits or labor relations, such as the Affordable Care Act, and health and other insurance costs. If our labor and/or benefit costs increase, we may not be able to hire or maintain qualified personnel to the extent necessary to execute our competitive strategy, which could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

Our business operations could be disrupted if our information technology systems fail to perform adequately or we are unable to protect the integrity and security of our customer information.

 

We depend upon our information technology systems in the conduct of all aspects of our operations. If our information technology systems fail to perform as anticipated, we could experience difficulties in virtually any area of our operations, including but not limited to replenishing inventories or delivering products to store locations in response to consumer demands. It is also possible that our competitors could develop better online platforms than us, which could negatively impact our internet sales. Any of these or other systems-related problems could, in turn, adversely affect our revenues and profitability.

 

In connection with payment card sales and other transactions, including bank cards, debit cards, credit cards and other merchant cards, we process and transmit confidential banking and payment card information. Additionally, as part of our normal business activities, we collect and store sensitive personal information related to our employees, customers, vendors and other parties. Despite our security measures, our information technology and infrastructure may be vulnerable to criminal cyber-attacks or security incidents due to employee error, malfeasance or other vulnerabilities. Any such incidents could compromise our networks and the information stored there could be accessed, publicly disclosed, lost or stolen. Third parties may have the technology and know-how to breach the security of this information, and our security measures and those of our banks, merchant card processing and other technology vendors may not effectively prohibit others from obtaining improper access to this information. The techniques used by criminals to obtain unauthorized access to sensitive data change frequently and often are not recognized until launched against a target; accordingly, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or implement adequate preventative measures.

 

Many states have enacted laws requiring companies to notify individuals of data security breaches involving their personal data. These mandatory disclosures regarding a security breach often lead to widespread negative publicity, which may cause our customers to lose confidence in the effectiveness of our data security measures. Any security breach, whether successful or not, would harm our reputation and could cause the loss of customers.

 

Our insurance coverage and self-insurance reserves may not cover future claims.

 

We maintain various insurance policies for employee health and workers’ compensation. We are self-insured on certain health insurance plans and are responsible for losses up to a certain limit for these respective plans. In 2014, we became self-insured with regard to workers’ compensation coverage, in which case we are responsible for losses up to certain retention limits on both a per-claim and aggregate basis.

 

 
11

 

 

For policies under which we are responsible for losses, we record a liability that represents our estimated cost of claims incurred and unpaid as of the balance sheet date. Our estimated liability is not discounted and is based on a number of assumptions and factors, including historical trends and economic conditions, and is closely monitored and adjusted when warranted by changing circumstances. Fluctuating healthcare costs, our significant growth rate and changes from our past experience with workers’ compensation claims could affect the accuracy of estimates based on historical experience. Should a greater amount of claims occur compared to what was estimated or medical costs increase beyond what was expected, our accrued liabilities might not be sufficient and we may be required to record additional expense. Unanticipated changes may produce materially different amounts of expense than that reported under these programs, which could adversely impact our operating results.

 

We are involved in a number of legal proceedings and, while we cannot predict the outcomes of such proceedings and other contingencies with certainty, some of these outcomes could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We are, and may become involved in shareholder, consumer, employment, tort or other litigation. We cannot predict with certainty the outcomes of these legal proceedings. The outcome of some of these legal proceeding could require us to take, or refrain from taking, actions which could negatively affect our operations or could require us to pay substantial amounts of money adversely affecting our financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, defending against lawsuits and proceedings may involve significant expense and diversion of management's attention and resources.

 

The market price of our securities may decline and/or be volatile.

 

Our common stock price may be volatile and all or part of any investment in our common stock may be lost.

 

The market price of our common stock could fluctuate significantly. Those fluctuations could be based on various factors in addition to those otherwise described in this report, including:

 

 

our operating performance and the performance of our competitors;

 

 

the public’s reaction to our filings with the SEC, our press releases and other public announcements;

 

 

changes in recommendations or earnings estimates by research analysts who follow The Tile Shop or other companies in our industry;

 

 

variations in general economic conditions;

 

 

actions of our current stockholders, including sales of common stock by our directors and executive officers;

 

 

the arrival or departure of key personnel; and

 

 

other developments affecting us, our industry or our competitors.

 

In addition, the stock market may experience significant price and volume fluctuations. These fluctuations may be unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies but may cause declines in the market price of our common stock. The price of our common stock could fluctuate based upon factors that have little or nothing to do with our company or its performance.

 

We are a holding company with no business operations of our own and depend on cash flow from The Tile Shop to meet our obligations.

 

We are a holding company with no business operations of our own or material assets other than the equity of our subsidiaries. All of our operations are conducted by our subsidiary, The Tile Shop. As a holding company, we will require dividends and other payments from our subsidiaries to meet cash requirements. The terms of any future credit facility may restrict our subsidiaries from paying dividends and otherwise transferring cash or other assets to us, although our current facility does not restrict this action. If there is an insolvency, liquidation, or other reorganization of any of our subsidiaries, our stockholders likely will have no right to proceed against their assets. Creditors of those subsidiaries will be entitled to payment in full from the sale or other disposal of the assets of those subsidiaries before us, as an equity holder, would be entitled to receive any distribution from that sale or disposal. If The Tile Shop is unable to pay dividends or make other payments to us when needed, we will be unable to satisfy our obligations.

 

 
12

 

 

Concentration of ownership may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control.

 

Our directors, executive officers, and certain holders of more than 5% of our common stock, including Nabron International Inc., together with their affiliates, beneficially hold approximately 40% of our outstanding shares of common stock. As a result, these stockholders, if acting together, have the ability to influence the outcome of corporate actions requiring stockholder approval. This concentration of ownership may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control and might adversely affect the market price of our securities.

 

Anti-takeover provisions contained in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, as well as provisions of Delaware law, could impair a takeover attempt.

 

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that could have the effect of delaying or preventing changes in control or changes in our management without the consent of our board of directors. These provisions include:

 

 

a classified board of directors with three-year staggered terms, which may delay the ability of stockholders to change the membership of a majority of our board of directors;

 

 

no cumulative voting in the election of directors, which limits the ability of minority stockholders to elect director candidates;

 

 

the exclusive right of our board of directors to elect a director to fill a vacancy created by the expansion of the board of directors or the resignation, death, or removal of a director, which prevents stockholders from being able to fill vacancies on our board of directors;

 

 

the ability of our board of directors to determine to issue shares of preferred stock and to determine the price and other terms of those shares, including preferences and voting rights, without stockholder approval, which could be used to significantly dilute the ownership of a hostile acquirer;

 

 

a prohibition on stockholder action by written consent, which forces stockholder action to be taken at an annual or special meeting of our stockholders;

 

 

the requirement that a special meeting of stockholders may be called only by the chairman of the board of directors, the chief executive officer, or the board of directors, which may delay the ability of our stockholders to force consideration of a proposal or to take action, including the removal of directors;

 

 

limiting the liability of, and providing indemnification to, our directors and officers;

 

 

controlling the procedures for the conduct and scheduling of stockholder meetings;

 

 

providing the board of directors with the express power to postpone previously scheduled annual meetings of stockholders and to cancel previously scheduled special meetings of stockholders;

 

 

providing that directors may be removed prior to the expiration of their terms by stockholders only for cause; and

 

 

advance notice procedures that stockholders must comply with in order to nominate candidates to our board of directors or to propose matters to be acted upon at a stockholders’ meeting, which may discourage or deter a potential acquiror from conducting a solicitation of proxies to elect the acquiror’s own slate of directors or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us.

 

These provisions, alone or together, could delay hostile takeovers and changes in control of us or changes in our management.

 

As a Delaware corporation, we are also subject to provisions of Delaware law, including Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, which prevents some stockholders holding more than 15% of our outstanding common stock from engaging in certain business combinations without approval of the holders of substantially all of our outstanding common stock. Any provision of our certificate of incorporation or bylaws or Delaware law that has the effect of delaying or deterring a change in control could limit the opportunity for our stockholders to receive a premium for their shares of our common stock, and could also affect the price that some investors are willing to pay for our common stock.

  

 
13

 

  

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

  

As of December 31, 2015, we operated 114 stores located in 31 states with an average square footage of approximately 21,800 square feet. The table below sets forth the locations (alphabetically by state) of our 114 stores in operation as of December 31, 2015.

  

State

Stores

  

State

Stores

  

State

Stores

  

State

Stores

Arkansas

         1

  

Illinois

        10

  

Missouri

         4

  

Pennsylvania

         5

Arizona

         2

  

Indiana

         3

  

North Carolina

         4

  

Rhode Island

         1

Colorado

         3

  

Kansas

         2

  

Nebraska

         1

  

South Carolina

         2

Connecticut

         2

  

Kentucky

         3

  

New Jersey

         5

  

Tennessee

         3

Delaware

         1

  

Massachusetts

         3

  

New Mexico

         1

  

Texas

         9

Florida

         4

  

Maryland

         4

  

New York

         7

  

Virginia

         6

Georgia

         2

  

Michigan

         6

  

Ohio

         8

  

Wisconsin

         3

Iowa

         1

  

Minnesota

         6

  

Oklahoma

         2

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Total

      114 

 

We lease all of our stores. Our 15,000 square foot headquarters in Plymouth, Minnesota is attached to our retail store. We own four regional facilities used for distribution of purchased product and manufacturing of setting and maintenance materials, located in Spring Valley, Wisconsin; Ottawa Lake, Michigan; Ridgeway, Virginia; and Durant, Oklahoma, which consist of 51,000, 271,000, 134,000, and 150,000 square feet, respectively.

 

We believe that our material property holdings are suitable for our current operations and purposes. We intend to open 9 to 12 new retail locations in 2016.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

The Company, two of its former executive officers, five of its outside directors, and certain companies affiliated with the directors, are defendants in a consolidated class action brought under the federal securities laws and now pending in the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota under the caption Beaver County Employees’ Retirement Fund, et al. v. Tile Shop Holdings, Inc., et al. Several related actions were filed in 2013, and then consolidated. The plaintiffs are three investors who seek to represent a class or classes consisting of (1) all purchasers of Tile Shop common stock between August 22, 2012 and January 28, 2014 (the “alleged class period”), seeking to pursue remedies under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and (2) all purchasers of Tile Shop common stock pursuant and/or traceable to the Company’s December 2012 registration statements, seeking to pursue remedies under the Securities Act of 1933. Six firms who were underwriters in the December 2012 secondary public offering are also named as defendants. In their consolidated amended complaint (the “complaint”), the plaintiffs allege that during the alleged class period, certain defendants made false or misleading statements of material fact in press releases and SEC filings about the Company’s relationships with its vendors, its gross margins, and its supply chain and producer relationships, and that defendants failed to disclose certain related party transactions. The complaint asserts claims under Sections 11, 12(a)(2), and 15 of the Securities Act of 1933, and under Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. In addition to attorney’s fees and costs, the plaintiffs seek to recover damages on behalf of the members of the purported classes. The defendants are vigorously defending the matter. The matter is now in discovery.

 

The Company also is a Defendant in a consolidated action brought derivatively on behalf of the Company by two shareholders of the Company. One action was first filed in the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota, and then voluntarily dismissed and re-filed in the Court of Chancery for the State of Delaware (“Delaware Chancery Court”). The second action was filed in Delaware Chancery Court. The two actions have since been consolidated by the Delaware Chancery Court under the caption In re Tile Shop Holdings, Inc. Stockholder Derivative Litigation. On July 31, 2015, the plaintiff-shareholders filed their Verified Consolidated Stockholder Derivative Complaint (“complaint”). The complaint names as defendants six members of the Company’s Board of Directors, and a former employee of the Company. The complaint tracks many of the same factual allegations as have been made in the above-described federal securities class action. It alleges that the defendant-directors breached their fiduciary duties by failing to adopt adequate internal controls for the Company, by approving false and misleading statements issued by the Company, by causing the Company to violate generally accepted accounting principles and SEC regulations, by engaging in or approving alleged insider trading, and by permitting the Company’s primary product to contain illegal amounts of lead. The complaint also alleges claims for insider trading and unjust enrichment. The complaint seeks damages, disgorgement, an award of attorneys’ fees and other expenses, and an order compelling changes to the Company’s corporate governance and internal procedures. On November 2, 2015, defendants filed a motion to dismiss the derivative action, or in the alternative, to stay it pending resolution of the Beaver County Employees’ Retirement Fund action described above. Subsequently, the parties entered into a stipulation, and the Court entered an Order, staying the derivative action until resolution of the Beaver County Employees’ Retirement Fund action described above, or until a mutually agreeable resolution of the derivative action.

 

 
14

 

 

Given the uncertainty of litigation and the preliminary stage of these cases, the Company cannot reasonably estimate the possible loss or range of loss that may result from these actions. The Company maintains directors and officers liability insurance policies that may reduce the Company’s exposure, if any. In the event the Company incurs a loss, the Company will pursue recoveries to the maximum extent available under these policies. 

 

The Company is also, from time to time, subject to claims and disputes arising in the normal course of business.  In the opinion of management, while the outcome of such claims and disputes cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company’s ultimate liability in connection with these matters is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the results of operations, financial position, or cash flows.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

None.

 

 
15

 

  

Part II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED SHAREHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Our common stock is traded on The NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol “TTS”. The following table shows the high and low sale prices per share of our common stock as reported on The NASDAQ Stock Market for the periods indicated:

  

 

       

Common Stock

 

 

  Quarter  

High

   

Low

 

Fiscal 2014

  First   $ 18.67     $ 12.40  

 

  Second   $ 16.69     $ 11.75  

 

  Third   $ 15.94     $ 9.06  

 

  Fourth   $ 10.15     $ 6.94  
                     

Fiscal 2015

  First   $ 12.55     $ 6.95  

 

  Second   $ 15.25     $ 11.51  

 

  Third   $ 15.00     $ 11.32  

 

  Fourth   $ 17.50     $ 11.67  

 

As of February 19, 2016, we had approximately 29 holders of record of our common stock. This figure does not include the number of persons whose securities are held in nominee or “street” name accounts through brokers.

 

As of February 19, 2016, we had outstanding a total of 51,437,973 shares of common stock and no warrants. The last reported sales price for our common stock on February 19, 2016 was $13.26.

 

Dividends

 

We have never declared or paid, and do not anticipate declaring or paying, cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. While our board of directors may consider whether or not to institute a dividend policy, it is our present intention to retain any earnings for use in our business operations. In addition, our credit facility restricts our ability to pay dividends.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

 

For information on our equity compensation plans, refer to Item 12, “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.”

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

None.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

None.

   

 
16

 

  

Stock Performance Graph

 

The graph and table below present the Company’s cumulative total stockholder returns relative to the performance of the S&P SmallCap 600 and the Dow Jones U.S. Furnishings Index for the period commencing August 22, 2012, the date of the Business Combination, and ending December 31, 2015, the last trading day of fiscal 2015. The comparison assumes $100 invested at the close of trading on August 22, 2012 in (i) the Company’s common stock, (ii) the stocks comprising the S&P SmallCap 600, and (iii) the stocks comprising the Dow Jones U.S. Furnishings Index. All values assume that all dividends were reinvested on the date paid. The points on the graph represent fiscal quarter-end amounts based on the last trading day in each fiscal quarter. The stock price performance included in the line graph below is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

 

 

 

  

   

Tile Shop Holdings, Inc.

   

S&P Small Cap 600

   

Dow Jones U.S. Furnishings Index

 

August 22, 2012

  $ 100.00     $ 100.00     $ 100.00  

December 31, 2012

  $ 129.46     $ 104.15     $ 114.95  

March 31, 2013

  $ 161.62     $ 116.13     $ 148.24  

June 30, 2013

  $ 222.77     $ 120.31     $ 141.74  

September 30, 2013

  $ 226.85     $ 132.82     $ 150.66  

December 31, 2013

  $ 139.00     $ 145.45     $ 167.14  

March 31, 2014

  $ 118.85     $ 146.67     $ 161.37  

June 30, 2014

  $ 117.62     $ 149.24     $ 169.03  

September 30, 2014

  $ 71.15     $ 138.77     $ 164.83  

December 31, 2014

  $ 68.31     $ 151.90     $ 188.82  

March 31, 2015

  $ 93.15     $ 157.39     $ 210.44  

June 30, 2015

  $ 109.15     $ 157.17     $ 219.24  

September 30, 2015

  $ 92.15     $ 142.09     $ 205.78  

December 31, 2015

  $ 126.15     $ 146.80     $ 207.54  

  

 
17

 

  

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

The following table sets forth selected historical financial information derived from (i) our audited financial statements included elsewhere in this report as of December 31, 2015, and 2014 for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013 (ii) our audited financial statements not included elsewhere in this report as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 and for the year ended December 31, 2012 (iii) The Tile Shop’s audited financial statements not included in this report as of December 31, 2011 and for the years ended December 31, 2011. The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the financial statements and the related notes appearing elsewhere in this report.

 

   

As of December 31, or for the year ended December 31,

 
   

2015

   

2014

   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 
   

(in thousands, except per share)

 

Statement of Income Data

                                       

Net sales

  $ 292,987     $ 257,192     $ 229,564     $ 182,650     $ 152,717  

Cost of sales

    89,377       78,300       68,755       49,626       40,321  

Gross profit

    203,610       178,892       160,809       133,024       112,396  

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    174,384       157,316       127,731       94,716       78,368  

Deferred compensation expense

    -       -       -       3,897       1,415  

Income from operations

    29,226       21,576       33,078       34,411       32,613  

Interest expense

    2,584       3,141       2,581       1,252       443  

Change in fair value of warrants

    -       -       54,219       82,063       -  

Other income (expense)

    130       (506 )     4       15       (77 )

Income (Loss) before income taxes

    26,772       17,929       (23,718 )     (48,889 )     32,093  

Provision for (benefit) from income taxes(1)

    11,076       7,382       11,942       (2,002 )     733  

Net income (loss)

  $ 15,696     $ 10,547     $ (35,660 )   $ (46,887 )   $ 31,360  

Earnings per share(1)

  $ 0.31     $ 0.21     $ (0.72 )   $ (1.31 )   $ 0.97  

Weighted average shares outstanding (diluted)

    51,305       51,030       49,600       35,838       32,261  

Balance Sheet Data

                                       

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 10,330     $ 5,759     $ 1,761     $ 2,987     $ 6,283  

Inventories

    69,878       68,857       67,756       46,890       43,744  

Total assets

    245,435       252,190       241,642       176,074       119,005  

Warrant liability

    -       -       -       95,645       -  

Total debt and capital lease obligations, including current maturities

    57,240       93,264       96,676       74,824       4,852  

Total stockholders' equity

    115,201       93,695       78,496       (46,130 )     73,780  

Working capital

    47,245       52,468       51,719       35,934       34,853  

Cash Flow Data

                                       

Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 60,264     $ 47,201     $ 21,211     $ 47,222     $ 34,722  

Net cash used in investing activities

    (18,994 )     (40,552 )     (52,955 )     (29,064 )     (18,561 )

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

    (36,688 )     (2,651 )     30,518       (21,454 )     (23,995 )

Other Selected Financial Data (unaudited)

                                       

Adjusted EBITDA(2)

  $ 58,420     $ 47,460     $ 54,294     $ 50,634     $ 42,602  

Adjusted EBITDA margin(2)

    19.9 %     18.5 %     23.7 %     27.7 %     27.9 %

Gross margin(3)

    69.5 %     69.6 %     70.0 %     72.8 %     73.6 %

Operating income margin(4)

    10.0 %     8.4 %     14.4 %     18.8 %     21.4 %

Same stores sales growth(5)

    7.4 %     (0.4 %)     12.4 %     7.1 %     6.4 %

Stores open - end of period

    114       107       88       68       53  

 

(1)

Historical amounts do not include pro forma adjustments for income taxes as a result of our change in tax status, which was effective on August 21, 2012 upon consummation of the Business Combination.

(2)

We calculate Adjusted EBITDA by taking net income calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP, and adjusting for interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, non-cash change in fair value of warrants, deferred compensation expense, stock based compensation expense, and special charges including equity related transaction costs, litigation and investigation costs, and the write-off of debt issuance costs. Adjusted EBITDA margin is equal to Adjusted EBITDA divided by net sales. We believe that these non-GAAP measures of financial results provide useful information to management and investors regarding certain financial and business trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations. Our management uses these non-GAAP measures to compare our performance to that of prior periods for trend analyses, for purposes of determining management incentive compensation, and for budgeting and planning purposes. These measures are used in monthly financial reports prepared for management and our board of directors. We believe that the use of these non-GAAP financial measures provides an additional tool for investors to use in evaluating ongoing operating results and trends and in comparing our financial measures with other specialty retailers, many of which present similar non-GAAP financial measures to investors. 

 

 
18

 

 

(3)

Gross margin is gross profit divided by net sales.

(4)

Operating income margin is income from operations divided by net sales.

(5)

Same store sales growth is the percentage change in sales of comparable stores period over period. A store is considered comparable on the first day of the 13th full month of operation. Same store sales growth amounts include total charges to customers less any actual returns. Beginning in 2015, we include estimated return provisions and sales allowances in the same store sales calculation. Prior to 2015, we did not include estimated return provisions or sale allowances in the same store sales calculation, as return reserves were calculated on a consolidated level. Same store sales data reported by other companies may be prepared on a different basis and therefore may not be useful for purposes of comparing our results to those of other businesses.

  

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA to GAAP Net (Loss) Income

 

   

Years Ended December 31,

 
   

2015

   

2014

   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 
   

(in thousands)

 

Net income (loss)

  $ 15,696     $ 10,547     $ (35,660 )   $ (46,887 )   $ 31,360  

Interest expense

    2,584       3,141       2,581       1,252       443  

Income taxes

    11,076       7,382       11,942       (2,002 )     733  

Change in fair value of warrants

    -       -       54,219       82,063       -  

Depreciation & amortization

    22,236       19,925       14,316       10,530       8,651  

Deferred compensation expense

    -       -       -       3,897       1,415  

Special charges

    1,283       1,848       2,216       400       -  

Stock based compensation

    5,545       4,617       4,680       1,381       -  

Adjusted EBITDA

  $ 58,420     $ 47,460     $ 54,294     $ 50,634     $ 42,602  

 

Our management does not consider these non-GAAP measures in isolation or as an alternative to financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP. The principal limitations of these non-GAAP financial measures are that they exclude significant expenses and income that are required by GAAP to be recognized in our consolidated financial statements. In addition, they are subject to inherent limitations as they reflect the exercise of judgments by management about which expenses and income are excluded or included in determining these non-GAAP financial measures. In order to compensate for these limitations, management presents non-GAAP financial measures in connection with GAAP results. We urge investors to review the reconciliation of our non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP financial measures and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business.

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

You should read the following discussion and analysis together with “Selected Financial Data” and our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in the Annual Report on Form 10-K. Among other things, those historical consolidated financial statements include more detailed information regarding the basis of presentation for the financial data than are included in the following discussion. This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In some cases you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “might,” “will,” “will likely result,” “should,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “potential,” “continue,” “believes” and similar expressions, although some forward-looking statements are expressed differently. The forward-looking statements in this Form 10-K relate to, among others things, statements relating to our anticipated new store openings and growth opportunities; our business strengths and competitive advantages; the anticipated benefits of our strategic plan; legal proceedings; our intended future process for determining and assessing compensation; our expectations for the future use of equity incentive plans; our expectations regarding financing arrangements; our retail sales and market share expectations; depreciation and amortization expense; supply costs and expectations; costs and adequacy of insurance; our expectations with respect to ongoing compliance with the terms of our credit facility; the effect of regulations on us and our industry and our compliance with such regulations; our expectations regarding the effects of employee recruiting, training and mentoring; and our anticipated revenues, expenses, and capital requirements.

 

 
19

 

 

These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results, performance, or achievements to differ materially from any expected future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:

 

  

the level of demand for our products;

  

our ability to grow and remain profitable in the highly competitive retail tile industry;

  

our ability to access additional capital;

  

our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel;

  

changes in general economic, business and industry conditions;

  

our ability to introduce new products that satisfy market demand; and

  

legal, regulatory, and tax developments, including additional requirements imposed by changes in domestic and foreign laws and regulations, and results of litigation.

 

There is no assurance that our expectations will be realized. If one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those expected, estimated, or projected. Such risks and uncertainties also include those set forth under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this Form 10-K. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the time that they are made and do not necessarily reflect our outlook at any other point in time. Except as required by law or regulation, we undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or for any other reason.

 

Overview

 

We are a specialty retailer of manufactured and natural and manufactured stone tiles, setting and maintenance materials, and related accessories in the United States. We offer a wide selection of products, attractive prices, and exceptional customer service in an extensive showroom setting. As of December 31, 2015, we operated 114 stores in 31 states, with an average size of approximately 21,800 square feet. We also sell our products on our website.

 

We purchase our tile products and accessories directly from suppliers and manufacture our own setting and maintenance materials, such as thinset, grout, and sealers. We believe that our long-term supplier relationships, together with our design, manufacturing and distribution capabilities, enable us to offer a broad assortment of high-quality products to our customers, who are primarily homeowners and professionals, at competitive prices. We have invested significant resources to develop our proprietary brands and product sources, and believe that we are a leading retailer of natural and manufactured stone tiles, accessories, and related materials in the United States.

 

We believe that the highly-fragmented United States retail tile market provides us with a significant opportunity to expand our store base. We opened 7 new stores in the United States in 2015, and plan to open 9 to 12 stores in 2016. We believe that there will continue to be additional expansion opportunities in the United States and Canada. We expect store base growth will drive productivity and operational efficiencies. Our growth plans also require us to maintain significant inventory on-hand in order to fulfill orders at these new locations.

 

In 2015, we reported net sales and income from operations of $293.0 million and $29.2 million, respectively. From December 31, 2013 to December 31, 2014, our net sales increased 12.0% and our income from operations decreased 34.8%. From December 31, 2014 to December 31, 2015, our net sales increased 13.9% and our income from operations increased 35.5%. From December 31, 2013 to December 31, 2015, we opened 26 new retail locations.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $60.3 million and $47.2 million for 2015 and 2014, respectively, which was used to fund capital expenditures for opening new stores and daily operations. We expect to continue to fund our capital expenditures and daily operations from our operating cash flows. As of December 31, 2015, we had cash of $10.3 million and working capital of $47.2 million.

 

We plan to continue to invest in strong customer service by leveraging our highly-trained staff from our existing store base to train new store staff, as well as employing our market manager program for all stores. We plan to continue to refine and implement a comprehensive strategy to grow our professional customer business. Finally, we plan to increase our existing store base by 8 to 12 percent during 2016.

 

Key Components of our Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

Net Sales Net sales represents total charges to customers, net of returns, and includes freight charged to customers. We recognize sales at the time that the customer takes possession of the merchandise or final delivery of the product has occurred. We recognize service revenue, which consists primarily of freight charges for home delivery, when the service has been rendered. We are required to charge and collect sales and other taxes on sales to our customers and remit these taxes back to government authorities. Total revenues do not include sales tax because we are a pass-through conduit for collecting and remitting sales tax. The increase in net sales in recent years has been a result of store base growth, in 2013, 2014 and 2015, as well as increases in comparable store sales in 2013 and 2015.

 

 
20

 

 

The table below sets forth information about our same store sales growth from 2013 to 2015. Our increase in same store sales growth is primarily attributable to increases in number of orders, as well as increases in average order size. During 2014, the decrease in comparable sales was attributable to several factors including a challenging macroeconomic environment during which time existing home sales decreased, which resulted in a decrease in traffic in our stores. In addition, we experienced higher turnover of store managers and sales associates which also negatively impacted sales during the year. Finally, many of our stores opened were in new markets and we did not have a consistent and disciplined grand opening marketing plan to drive brand awareness around the time of the grand opening. The same store sales increase in 2015 was attributable to the growth in professional customer sales, an increase in marketing effectiveness, a reduction of sales associate turnover, an increase in average manager tenure, and investments made to help improve sales performance at stores opened in 2013 and 2014. Same store sales amounts include amounts charged to customers for orders delivered less the value of orders returned. In general, we consider a store comparable on the first day of the 13th full month of operation. 

  

   

For the year ended December 31,

 
   

2015

   

2014

   

2013

 

Same store sales growth (decline)

    7.4 %     (0.4 %)     12.4 %

 

We opened 7, 19, and 20 new stores in 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Net sales at new stores are generally lowest in the first few months after a location is opened and generally increase over time. We expect a store’s net sales to increase faster during its first four years of operation than in its later years. Store locations opened in existing markets tend to have higher net sales in the first year of operation than store locations opened in new markets. This is due to increased brand awareness in existing markets and because a portion of such net sales comes from more mature stores in those markets.

 

Cost of Sales Cost of sales consists primarily of material costs, freight, duties, and delivery of product to the customers, as well as costs associated with manufacturing of setting and maintenance materials.

 

Gross Profit Gross profit is net sales less cost of sales. Gross margin is the percentage determined by dividing gross profit by net sales. In 2015, 2014 and 2013, our gross margin was 69.5%, 69.6%, and 70.0%, respectively. We have been able to maintain relatively stable gross margins as a result of product cost control, moderating our price promotions and training and incenting our store sales associates to ensure the intelligent use of price discounts.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses Payroll costs and occupancy expenses have historically been our most significant selling, general, and administrative expenses. Payroll costs exclude costs associated with manufacturing labor costs and certain handling and receiving costs, as those costs are included in cost of sales. In 2015, 2014, and 2013, our selling, general, and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales was 59.5%, 61.2% and 55.6%, respectively. Payroll costs increased slightly as a percentage of net sales in 2015 as a result of adding market managers and certain other investments in store compensation to reduce turnover and improve sales growth, as well as increased benefit costs attributable to lower employee turnover. However, improved sales performance and cost control during 2015 resulted in declines in occupancy cost and other selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales.

 

Pre-opening costs Our pre-opening costs are those typically associated with the opening of a new store and generally include rent expense, payroll costs, occupancy costs and promotional costs. Pre-opening costs are expensed as incurred and recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

Income Taxes We are subject to income tax in the United States as well as other tax jurisdictions in which we conduct business. Our effective tax rate for fiscal years 2015, 2014 and 2013 was 41.4%, 41.2% and (50.3%), respectively. The income tax rate of (50.3%) for fiscal year 2013 was due to the loss before income taxes of $23.7 million. The loss during fiscal year 2013 was a result of the change in the fair value of the warrant liability of $54.2 million.

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

We calculate Adjusted EBITDA by taking net income calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP, and adjusting for interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, non-cash change in fair value of warrants, deferred compensation expense, stock based compensation expense, and special charges including equity related transaction costs, litigation and investigation costs, and the write-off of debt issuance costs. Adjusted EBITDA margin is equal to Adjusted EBITDA divided by net sales. We believe that these non-GAAP measures of financial results provide useful information to management and investors regarding certain financial and business trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations. Our management uses these non-GAAP measures to compare our performance to that of prior periods for trend analyses, for purposes of determining management incentive compensation, and for budgeting and planning purposes. These measures are used in monthly financial reports prepared for management and our board of directors. We believe that the use of these non-GAAP financial measures provides an additional tool for investors to use in evaluating ongoing operating results and trends and in comparing our financial measures with other specialty retailers, many of which present similar non-GAAP financial measures to investors.

 

 
21

 

 

Our management does not consider these non-GAAP measures in isolation or as an alternative to financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP. The principal limitations of these non-GAAP financial measures are that they exclude significant expenses and income that are required by GAAP to be recognized in our consolidated financial statements. In addition, they are subject to inherent limitations as they reflect the exercise of judgments by management about which expenses and income are excluded or included in determining these non-GAAP financial measures. In order to compensate for these limitations, management presents non-GAAP financial measures in connection with GAAP results. We urge investors to review the reconciliation of our non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP financial measures and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business.

 

   

Years Ended December 31,

 
   

2015

   

2014

   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 
   

(in thousands)

 

Net income (loss)

  $ 15,696     $ 10,547     $ (35,660 )   $ (46,887 )   $ 31,360  

Interest expense

    2,584       3,141       2,581       1,252       443  

Income taxes

    11,076       7,382       11,942       (2,002 )     733  

Change in fair value of warrants

    -       -       54,219       82,063       -  

Depreciation & amortization

    22,236       19,925       14,316       10,530       8,651  

Deferred compensation expense

    -       -       -       3,897       1,415  

Special charges

    1,283       1,848       2,216       400       -  

Stock based compensation

    5,545       4,617       4,680       1,381       -  

Adjusted EBITDA

  $ 58,420     $ 47,460     $ 54,294     $ 50,634     $ 42,602  

 

Comparison of the Year Ended December 31, 2015 to the Year Ended December 31, 2014

    

   

(in thousands)

 
   

2015

   

% of sales(1)

   

2014

   

% of sales

 

Net sales

  $ 292,987             $ 257,192          

Cost of sales

    89,377       30.5 %     78,300       30.4 %

Gross profit

    203,610       69.5 %     178,892       69.6 %

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    174,384       59.5 %     157,316       61.2 %

Income from operations

    29,226       10.0 %     21,576       8.4 %

Interest expense

    2,584       0.9 %     3,141       1.2 %

Other income (expense)

    130       0.0 %     (506 )     (0.2% )

Income before income taxes

    26,772       9.1 %     17,929       7.0 %

Provision for income taxes

    11,076       3.8 %     7,382       2.9 %

Net income

  $ 15,696       5.4 %   $ 10,547       4.1 %

 

(1) Amounts do not foot due to rounding                                

 

Net Sales Net sales for fiscal year 2015 increased by $35.8 million, or 13.9%, to $293.0 million, compared to fiscal year 2014 as net sales in comparable stores increased $18.9 million and net sales in non-comparable stores increased $16.9 million. Net sales increased primarily due to the 7.4% increase in sales at comparable stores resulting from an increase in professional customer sales, an increase in marketing effectiveness, a decrease in sales associate turnover, and an increase in average store manager tenure. The increase in net sales generated by new stores relates to the expansion of our store base by 7 locations in fiscal year 2015 and the inclusion of a full year of sales for the 19 stores that opened in 2014.

 

Gross Profit Gross profit increased $24.7 million, or 13.8%, for fiscal year 2015 compared to fiscal year 2014 primarily due to the increase in net sales. The gross profit rate decreased to 69.5% for fiscal year 2015, from 69.6% for fiscal year 2014. The decrease in margin can be attributed to a series of pricing tests performed to drive revenue growth during the second quarter of fiscal year 2015 which resulted in a temporary decline in gross margin rates.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses Selling, general, and administrative expenses increased $17.1 million, or 10.8%, in fiscal year 2015 compared to fiscal year 2014. Selling, general, and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales decreased to 59.5% in fiscal year 2015, compared to 61.2% in fiscal year 2014. The increase in selling, general, and administrative expenses was primarily due to new store openings, which contributed a $10.0 million increase in payroll, $4.2 million increase in rent and occupancy costs, and a $2.3 million increase in depreciation.

 

Selling, general, and administrative expenses include costs of $1.3 million and $1.8 million for fiscal years 2015 and 2014, respectively, which relate to litigation and investigation costs.

 

Pre-opening Costs Our pre-opening costs are those typically associated with the opening of a new store and generally include rent expense, payroll costs and promotional costs. We expense pre-opening costs as incurred and include these costs in selling, general and administrative expenses. During fiscal years 2015 and 2014, we recorded pre-opening costs of $0.5 million and $1.5 million, respectively.

 

 
22

 

 

Income from Operations and Operating Margin As a result of the above, income from operations increased by $7.7 million, or 35.5%, for fiscal year 2015 compared to fiscal year 2014. Operating margin increased to 10.0% for fiscal year 2015, compared to 8.4% for fiscal year 2014 due to improved sales performance and cost control.

 

Interest Expense Interest expense decreased $0.6 million, or 17.7%, for fiscal year 2015 compared to the fiscal year 2014. The decrease is due to the reduction of debt in 2015.

 

Income before income taxes Income before income taxes was $26.8 million for fiscal year 2015, compared to $17.9 million for fiscal year 2014.

 

Provision for income taxes Income tax provision increased $3.7 million for fiscal year 2015, compared to fiscal year 2014 due to higher taxable income.

 

Net Income Net income increased $5.1 million for fiscal year 2015, compared to fiscal year 2014, due to a comparable store sales increase of 7.4%.

 

Comparison of the Year Ended December 31, 2014 to the Year Ended December 31, 2013

   

   

(in thousands)

 
   

2014

   

% of sales

   

2013

   

% of sales

 

Net sales

  $ 257,192             $ 229,564          

Cost of sales

    78,300       30.4 %     68,755       30.0 %

Gross profit

    178,892       69.6 %     160,809       70.0 %

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    157,316       61.2 %     127,731       55.6 %

Income from operations

    21,576       8.4 %     33,078       14.4 %

Interest expense

    3,141       1.2 %     2,581       1.1 %

Change in fair value of warrants

    -       0.0 %     54,219       23.6 %

Other (expense) income

    (506 )     (0.2% )     4       0.0 %

Income (loss) before income taxes

    17,929       7.0 %     (23,718 )     (10.3% )

Provision for income taxes

    7,382       2.9 %     11,942       5.2 %

Net income (loss)

  $ 10,547       4.1 %   $ (35,660 )     (15.5% )

 

Net Sales Net sales for fiscal year 2014 increased by $27.6 million, or 12.0%, to $257.2 million, compared to fiscal year 2013 as net sales in non-comparable stores increased $28.4 million and net sales in comparable stores decreased $0.8 million. Net sales increased primarily due to the expansion of our store base by 19 locations in fiscal year 2014 and the inclusion of a full year of sales for the stores opened in 2013. Sales in 2014 were impacted by adverse changes in certain macroeconomic conditions, including a year-over-year decline in existing home sales and a decrease in the average tenure and level of experience of our store manager population.

 

Gross Profit Gross profit increased $18.1 million, or 11.2%, for fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013 primarily due to the increase in net sales. The gross profit rate decreased to 69.6% for fiscal year 2014, from 70.0% for fiscal year 2013. The decrease in margin can be attributed to slight increases in product acquisition, freight and distribution costs during fiscal year 2014. Partially offsetting the increase in the costs of our products, we have been more selective in our use of promotions to generate sales relative to last year.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses Selling, general, and administrative expenses increased $29.6 million, or 23.2%, in fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013. Selling, general, and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales increased to 61.2% in fiscal year 2014, compared to 55.6% in fiscal year 2013. The increase in selling, general, and administrative expenses was primarily due to new store openings, which contributed a $12.3 million increase in payroll, $9.6 million increase in rent and occupancy costs, and a $5.6 million increase in depreciation.

 

Selling, general, and administrative expenses include costs of $1.8 million and $2.2 million for fiscal years 2014 and 2013, respectively, which relate to special investigation, shareholder litigation, and in 2013, equity related transactions.

 

Pre-opening Costs Our pre-opening costs are those typically associated with the opening of a new store and generally include rent expense, payroll costs and promotional costs. We expense pre-opening costs as incurred and include these costs in selling, general and administrative expenses. During fiscal years 2014 and 2013, we reported pre-opening costs of $1.5 million and $2.4 million, respectively.

 

 
23

 

 

Income from Operations and Operating Margin As a result of the above, income from operations decreased by $11.5 million, or 34.8%, for fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013. Operating margin decreased to 8.4% for fiscal year 2014, compared to 14.4% for fiscal year 2013.

 

Interest Expense Interest expense increased $0.6 million, or 21.7%, for fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013. The increase is due to increased interest rates on borrowings in fiscal year 2014.

 

Change in Fair Value of Warrants Fair value of the warrant liability decreased $54.2 million for fiscal year 2014, representing a non-cash charge for the change in the fair value of the warrants that were outstanding during fiscal year 2013. As of December 31, 2013, the warrants were fully exercised or redeemed, and no further expense will be recorded for these warrants in future periods.

 

Income (loss) before income taxes Income before income taxes was $17.9 million for fiscal year 2014, compared to a loss before income taxes of $23.7 million for fiscal year 2013. The loss during fiscal year 2013 was as a result of the change in the fair value of the warrant liability of $54.2 million. Excluding the change in fair value of warrants, income before taxes was $30.5 million for fiscal year 2013.

 

Provision for income taxes Income tax provision decreased $4.6 million for fiscal year 2014, compared to fiscal year 2013 due to lower taxable income.

 

Net Income (Loss) Net income increased $46.2 million for fiscal year 2014, compared to fiscal year 2013 primarily as a result of the change in the fair value of the warrant liability described above.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our principal liquidity requirements have been for working capital and capital expenditures. Our principal sources of liquidity are $10.3 million of cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2015, our cash flow from operations, and borrowings available under our credit facility. We expect to use this liquidity for general corporate purposes, including opening new stores, purchasing additional merchandise inventory and maintaining our existing stores.

 

On June 2, 2015, we, and our operating subsidiary, The Tile Shop, LLC, entered into a credit agreement with Fifth Third Bank, Bank of America, N.A., and Huntington National Bank (the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement provides us with a $125.0 million senior secured credit facility, comprised of a five-year $50.0 million term loan and a $75.0 million revolving line of credit. The Credit Agreement is secured by virtually all of our assets, including but not limited to, inventory, receivables, equipment and real property. Borrowings pursuant to the Credit Agreement bear interest at either a base rate or a LIBOR-based rate, at our option. The LIBOR-based rate will range from LIBOR plus 1.50% to 2.00%, depending on The Tile Shop’s leverage ratio. The base rate is equal to the greatest of: (a) the Federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (b) the Fifth Third Bank “prime rate,” and (c) the Eurodollar rate plus 1.00%, in each case plus 0.50% to 1.00% depending on The Tile Shop’s leverage ratio. At December 31, 2015 the base interest rate was 4.25% and the LIBOR-based interest rate was 2.18%. Borrowings outstanding consisted of $8.0 million on the revolving line of credit and $47.5 million on the term loan as of December 31, 2015. The term loan requires quarterly principal payments as follows (in thousands):

 

Period

       

December 31, 2015 to June 30, 2017

  $ 1,250  

September 30, 2017 to June 30, 2018

    1,875  

September 30, 2018 to March 31, 2020

    2,500  

 

The Credit Agreement contains customary events of default, conditions to borrowings, and restrictive covenants, including restrictions on our ability to dispose of assets, make acquisitions, incur additional debt, incur liens, make investments, or enter into transactions with affiliates on terms other than that could be obtained in an arm’s length transaction. The Credit Agreement also includes financial and other covenants including covenants to maintain certain fixed charge coverage ratios and rent adjusted leverage ratios. In addition, except with respect to pro rata payments made by The Tile Shop or other subsidiaries to us or any other equity owner of such subsidiary, the Credit Agreement prohibits the payments of cash dividends. We were in compliance with the covenants as of December 31, 2015.

 

The Credit Agreement superseded and replaced in its entirety our senior secured credit facility with Bank of America, N.A. dated October 3, 2012, as amended on April 30, 2013, July 8, 2013, March 26, 2014 and September 29, 2014. We used the $50.0 million term loan and $23.0 million drawn on the line of credit pursuant to the Credit Agreement to refinance all of the existing indebtedness outstanding under our prior credit facility in the amount of approximately $73.0 million, which consisted of $72.8 million in unpaid principal and approximately $0.2 million in accrued and unpaid interest and fees. We also recorded a $0.2 million charge in interest expense to write-off unamortized deferred financing fees associated with the October 3, 2012 credit facility as of the date of the termination.

 

 
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We have a standby letter of credit outstanding related to our workers compensation insurance policy. As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, the standby letter of credit totaled $0.9 million and $0.4 million, respectively.

 

We believe that our cash flow from operations, together with our existing cash and cash equivalents, and borrowings available under our credit facility will be sufficient to fund our operations and anticipated capital expenditures over at least the next 12 months.

 

Capital Expenditures

 

Capital expenditures in 2015 were $19.0 million. During the year, $15.6 million was for new store build-out and remodels of existing stores, $1.2 million was for investments in our distribution and manufacturing facilities, and the remainder was for general corporate purposes.

 

Capital expenditures decreased in 2015 compared to 2014 primarily due to a decrease in the number of stores opened during the year. Capital expenditures decreased in 2014 compared to 2013 due to a decrease in funds invested in distribution and manufacturing facilities. In 2013, we completed and opened a fourth distribution center in Durant, Oklahoma, and expanded our headquarters.

 

Our future capital requirements will vary based on the number of additional stores, distribution centers, and manufacturing facilities that we open and the number of stores that we choose to renovate. Our decisions regarding opening, relocating, or renovating stores, and whether to engage in strategic acquisitions, will be based in part on macroeconomic factors and the general state of the United States economy, as well as the local economies in the markets in which our stores are located. We intend to open 9 to 12 stores during 2016. Total capital expenditures are expected to be between $25 million and $30 million in 2016.

  

Cash Flows

 

The following table summarizes our cash flow data for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014, and 2013.

 

   

Years Ended December 31,

 
   

2015

   

2014

   

2013

 
   

(in thousands)

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 60,264     $ 47,201     $ 21,211  

Net cash used in investing activities

    (18,994 )     (40,552 )     (52,955 )

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

    (36,688 )     (2,651 )     30,518  

   

Operating Activities

  

Cash flows from operating activities provides us with a significant source of liquidity. Net cash provided by operating activities was $60.3 million, $47.2 million, and $21.2 million in 2015, 2014, and 2013, respectively. Cash flows provided by operating activities in 2015 relate to current year earnings, plus non-cash expenses, including depreciation, and a net improvement in working capital. The increase in operating cash flows over 2014 was primarily driven by an increase in net income as well as improved management of working capital.

 

Investing Activities

  

Net cash used in investing activities was $19.0 million, $40.6 million and $53.0 million in 2015, 2014, and 2013, respectively. Net cash used in investing activities in each period was primarily for capital purchases of store fixtures, equipment, building improvements and leasehold improvements for stores opened or remodeled, new distribution and manufacturing facilities, and corporate headquarters expansion, internally developed software and routine capital purchases of computer hardware and software.

 

 
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Financing Activities

  

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities was ($36.7) million, ($2.7) million and $30.5 million in 2015, 2014, and 2013, respectively. Cash used in financing activities during 2015 was primarily for payments of long-term debt and capital lease obligations of $124.0 million, partially offset by net proceeds from long term debt of $88.0 million. Cash used in financing activities during 2014 was primarily for payments of long-term debt and capital leases. Cash provided by financing activities in 2013 was primarily from the proceeds from exercises of warrants, net advances on our credit facility, and cash provided by the new market tax credit transaction (See Note 11 to our consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K) offset by our repurchase of common stock and warrants and principal payments on long-term debt.

 

Off-balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, we did not have any “off-balance sheet arrangements” (as such term is defined in Item 303 of Regulation S-K) that could have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, net sales or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

 

Contractual Arrangements

  

The following table summarizes certain of our contractual obligations at December 31, 2015 and the effect such obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flows in future periods:

 

   

Payment Due by Period

 
   

Total

   

Less than 1 Year

   

2-3 Years

   

4-5 Years

   

5+ Years

 

Long-term debt including principal and interest (1)

  $ 58,879     $ 6,268     $ 16,156     $ 36,072     $ 383  

Operating lease obligations (2)

    493,945       26,597       54,818       56,426       356,104  

Capital lease obligations (3)

    1,380       217       426       432       305  

Total contractual obligations

  $ 554,204     $ 33,082     $ 71,400     $ 92,930     $ 356,792  

 

 

(1)

Includes total interest of $2.5 million, comprised of $1.2 million of interest for the period of less than 1 year, $0.9 million of interest for the period of 1 – 3 years, $0.4 million of interest for the period of 4 – 5 years, and $0.0 million of interest for the period of 5+ years.

 

(2)

Includes the base or current renewal period for our operating leases, which contain varying renewal provisions.

 

(3)

Includes total interest of $0.5 million, comprised of $0.1 million of interest for the period of less than 1 year, $0.2 million of interest for the period of 1 – 3 years, $0.2 million of interest for the period of 4 – 5 years, and $0.0 million of interest for the period of 5+ years.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles of the United States (GAAP). The preparation of our financial statements and related disclosures requires us to make estimates, assumptions, and judgments that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues, costs and expenses, and related disclosures. We base our estimates and assumptions on historical experience and other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, but all such estimates and assumptions are inherently uncertain and unpredictable. We evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Actual results may differ from those estimates and assumptions, and it is possible that other professionals, applying their own judgment to the same facts and circumstances, could develop and support alternative estimates and assumptions that would result in material changes to our operating results and financial condition. Our most critical accounting policies are summarized below. For further information on our critical and other significant accounting policies, see the notes to the consolidated financial statements appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

 

Recognition of Revenue

 

We recognize sales at the time the customer takes possession of the merchandise or when final delivery of the product has occurred. We recognize service revenue, which consists primarily of freight charges for home delivery, when the service has been rendered. We are required to charge and collect sales and other taxes on sales to our customers and remit these taxes back to government authorities. Total revenues do not include sales tax because we are a pass-through conduit for collecting and remitting sales tax. Net sales are reduced by an allowance for anticipated sales returns that we estimate based on historical returns. Our process to establish a sales return reserve contains uncertainties because it requires management to make assumptions and to apply judgment to estimate future sales returns and exchanges. The customer may receive a refund or exchange the original product for a replacement of equal or similar quality for a period of six months from the time of original purchase. Products received back under this policy are reconditioned pursuant to state laws and resold. We believe our estimate for sales returns is an accurate reflection of future returns. Actual return trends have not varied significantly from estimated amounts in prior periods. However, if the nature of sales returns changes significantly, our sales could be adversely impacted.

 

 
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Inventory Valuation and Shrinkage

 

Our inventory consists of manufactured items and purchased merchandise held for resale. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (determined using the weighted-average cost method) or market. We capitalize the cost of inbound freight, duties and receiving and handling costs to bring purchased materials into our distribution network. The labor and overhead costs incurred in connection with the production process are included in the value of manufactured finished goods. We provide provisions for losses related to shrinkage and other amounts that are otherwise not expected to be fully recoverable. These provisions are calculated based on historical shrinkage, selling price, margin and current business trends. These estimates have calculations that require management to make assumptions based on the current rate of sales, age, salability and profitability of inventory, historical percentages that can be affected by changes in our merchandising mix, customer preferences, rates of sell through and changes in actual shrinkage trends. We do not believe there is a reasonable likelihood that there will be a material change in the assumptions we use to calculate our inventory provisions. However, if actual results are not consistent with our estimates and assumptions, we may be exposed to losses that could be material.

  

Stock-based Compensation

 

We estimate the fair value of each option grant using the Black Scholes option pricing model. The valuation of stock options is a significant accounting estimate that requires us to use judgments and assumptions that are likely to have a material impact on our financial statements. We make predictive assumptions regarding future stock price volatility, employee exercise behavior, dividend yield, and the forfeiture rate. The computation of the expected volatility assumptions used in the option valuation models was based on historical volatilities of the Company. The risk-free interest rate was based on the U.S. Treasury yield at the time of grant. The expected dividend yield was zero based on the fact that we have not paid dividends, nor do we intend to pay dividends in the future. To the extent that actual outcomes differ from our assumptions, we are not required to true up grant-date fair value-based expense to final intrinsic values. However historical data has a significant bearing on our forward-looking assumptions. Significant variances between actual and predicted experience could lead to prospective revisions in our assumptions, which could then significantly impact the year-over-year comparability of stock-based compensation expense.

 

Property, Plant, and Equipment

 

Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation, which is amortized over the useful life of the assets. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or lease period (including expected renewal periods). Property, plant, and equipment are evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. The evaluation is performed at the lowest level of identifiable cash flows independent of other assets. An impairment loss would be recognized when estimated undiscounted future cash flows from the operations and/or disposition of the assets are less than the carrying amount. Measurement of an impairment loss would be based on the excess of the carrying amount of the asset group over its fair value. Fair value is measured using discounted cash flows or independent opinions of value, as appropriate.

 

We have not incurred any material impairment losses in the past and do not believe that a reasonable likelihood exists that there will be a material change in the estimates or assumptions used to calculate property, plant, and equipment asset impairment losses. However, if actual results are not consistent with our estimates and assumptions used in determining future cash flows and asset fair values, we may be exposed to losses that could be material.

 

Income taxes

 

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are determined based on the difference between the financial statement basis and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. We estimate the degree to which tax assets and loss carryforwards will result in a benefit based on expected profitability by tax jurisdiction. A valuation allowance for such tax assets and loss carryforwards is provided when it is determined to be more likely than not that the benefit of such deferred tax asset will not be realized in future periods. If it becomes more likely than not that a tax asset will be used, the related valuation allowance on such assets would be reduced.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued a final standard on revenue from contracts with customers. The new standard sets forth a single comprehensive model for recognizing and reporting revenue. The new standard is effective for the Company in its fiscal year 2018, and permits the use of either a retrospective or a cumulative effect transition method. We are currently assessing the impact of implementing the new guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

 

 
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In August 2014, the FASB issued a standard requiring an entity’s management to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements. The guidance also sets forth a series of disclosures that are required in the event the entity’s management concludes that there is substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. The new standard becomes effective for us in fiscal 2016 and requires an ongoing evaluation at each interim and annual period thereafter. We have determined that the adoption of this new guidance will not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2015, the FASB issued a new accounting standard that will modify current consolidation guidance. The standard makes changes to both the variable interest entity model and the voting interest entity model, including modifying the evaluation of whether limited partnerships or similar legal entities are VIEs or voting interest entities and amending the guidance for assessing how relationships of related parties affect the consolidation analysis of VIEs. The standard is effective for us in fiscal 2016. We are currently assessing the impact of implementing the new guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued a standard that requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability. The guidance is effective for us in fiscal year 2016, and requires retrospective application. We anticipate reclassifying $2.2 million of unamortized debt issuance costs from other asset accounts to be net against debt upon adopting this standard in the first quarter of 2016. 

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued a standard which simplifies the subsequent measurement of inventory. Currently, an entity is required to measure its inventory at the lower of cost or market, whereby market can be replacement cost, net realizable value, or net realizable value less an approximately normal profit margin. The changes require that inventory be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value, thereby eliminating the use of the other two market methodologies. Net realizable value is defined as the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. Currently, we apply the net realizable value market option to measure inventories at the lower of cost or market. These changes become effective for us in fiscal 2017. We have determined that the adoption of these changes will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued a standard which simplifies the presentation of deferred income taxes. The guidance provides presentation requirements to classify deferred tax assets and liabilities as noncurrent in a classified statement of financial position. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early adoption is permitted for any interim and annual financial statements that have not yet been issued. We early adopted this standard effective December 31, 2015, retrospectively. Adoption resulted in a $4.2 million and $3.9 million decrease in current deferred tax assets and a $4.2 million and $3.9 million increase in long-term deferred tax assets in our Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. Adoption had no impact on our results of operations.

  

 
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ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We are exposed to market risks in the ordinary course of our business. These risks primarily include inflation, interest rate risk, and credit concentration risk.

 

Inflation

 

Inflationary factors such as increases in the cost of our products and overhead costs may adversely affect our operating results. Although we do not believe that inflation has had a material impact on our financial position or results of operations to date, a high rate of inflation in the future may have an adverse effect on our ability to maintain current levels of gross margin and selling, general, and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues if the selling prices of our products do not increase with these increased costs.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

We are exposed to interest rate risk through the investment of our cash and cash equivalents. Changes in interest rates affect the interest income that we earn in connection with these investments, and therefore impact our cash flows and results of operation. We are also exposed to interest rate risk, in connection with borrowings under our credit facility. Borrowings under our revolving credit facility bear interest at either a base rate or a LIBOR-based rate, at our option. The LIBOR-based rate ranges from LIBOR plus 1.50% to 2.00%, depending on The Tile Shop’s leverage ratio. The base rate is equal to the greatest of: (a) the Federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (b) the Fifth Third Bank “prime rate,” and (c) the Eurodollar rate plus 1.00%, in each case plus 0.50% to 1.00% depending on The Tile Shop’s leverage ratio. The base rate was 4.25% at December 31, 2015. Based upon balances and interest rates as of December 31, 2015, holding other variables constant, a one percentage point increase in interest rates for the next 12-month period would decrease pre-tax earnings and cash flow by approximately $0.6 million. Conversely, a one percentage point decrease in interest rates for the next 12-month period would result in an increase to pre-tax earnings and cash flow of approximately $0.6 million.

 

We currently do not engage in any interest rate hedging activity. However, we may do so in the future to mitigate market risk rate. We do not, and do not intend to, engage in the practice of trading derivative securities for profit.

 

Credit Concentration Risk

 

Financial instruments, which may subject us to concentration of credit risk, consist principally of cash deposits. We maintain cash balances at financial institutions with strong credit ratings. However, the amounts invested with financial institutions are generally in excess of FDIC insurance limits.

 

Exchange Rate Risk

 

We are exposed to risks from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations on the translation of our subsidiary based in China and on the purchase of goods in Chinese yuan. Purchases made in Chinese yuan were less than 5% of our total inventory purchases in both 2015 and 2014. Our exposure to foreign currency rate fluctuations is not significant to our financial condition or results of operations.

 

We currently do not engage in any exchange rate hedging activity and currently have no intention to do so in the foreseeable future. However, in the future, in an effort to mitigate losses associated with these risks, we may at times engage in transactions.

 

ITEM 8. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

The consolidated financial statements of the Company and the reports of the independent registered public accounting firms, listed under Item 15 “Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules”, are included as a separate section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K beginning on page 52 and are incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

None.

 

 
29

 

 

ITEM 9A.     CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined under Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the period covered by this report and concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the period covered by this report. Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has concluded that the consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K present fairly, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) promulgated under the Exchange Act. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer and effected by our Board of Directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of our financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of an issuer’s assets; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that an issuer’s receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of its management and directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of an issuer’s assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements. An internal control material weakness is a significant deficiency, or combination of significant deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, the application of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods is subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

As required by Rule 13a-15(c) promulgated under the Exchange Act, our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2015. Management’s assessment was based on criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013 Framework) (“COSO”). Based on management’s assessment, management has concluded that as of December 31, 2015, the previously-identified material weakness (discussed in further detail below) had been remediated and the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2015.

  

Ernst & Young, LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm, has issued a report on our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2015. See “Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”

  

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting 

 

During the quarter ended December 31, 2015, the Company completed its remediation efforts related to the company’s controls involving:

 

 

The selection and deployment of general control activities over technology related to change management and user access controls.

 

Controls that address the completeness and accuracy of data used in the performance of other control activities.

 

The design and operation of control activities that mitigate identified risks, including compliance with established accounting policies.

 

As a result of the completed remediation efforts noted below, there were improvements in internal control over financial reporting during the fourth quarter of 2015 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. There were no other changes in internal control over financial reporting (as defined by Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 
30

 

 

Remediation Actions

 

In our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, we identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting with respect to the selection and deployment of general control activities over technology related to change management and user access controls. We also identified deficiencies in controls that address the completeness and accuracy of data used in the performance of other control activities. In addition, we identified deficiencies related to the design and operation of control activities that mitigate identified risks, including compliance with established accounting policies. Specifically, we failed to establish control activities to ensure useful lives assigned to leasehold improvements and other fixtures did not exceed the lease term at store and corporate headquarters locations.

 

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

In response to this material weakness, management developed remediation plans to address the control deficiencies identified in 2014. The Company implemented the following remediation actions during 2015:

 

 

Designed and executed a process to review users who have access to key financial systems.

 

Enhanced existing change management policies and initiated a processes to capture documentation evidencing the execution of these policies.

 

Established a control to compare the economic life of an asset to the remaining lease term at the time a new asset is placed in service.

 

Refined process documentation to more clearly define how processes and controls ensure compliance with key policies.

 

Formalized and implemented a policy to document the inputs and assumptions underlying key reports and analysis used in the preparation of accounting entries as well as management’s process to evaluate the completeness of key data elements.

 

Management has determined that the remediation actions discussed above were appropriately designed and demonstrated effective operation for a sufficient period of time to enable the company to conclude that the material weakness had been remediated as of December 31, 2015.

 

Inherent Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls

 

Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, intends that our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives. However, our management does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will prevent all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of a simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions; over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may deteriorate. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

  

 
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PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

 

Executive Officers

 

The following table provides information about our executive officers, including their ages, as of the date of this Form 10-K.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position

Chris R. Homeister

  

47

  

Chief Executive Officer and President, Director

Kirk L. Geadelmann

  

47

  

Chief Financial Officer

Joseph Kinder

  

50

  

Senior Vice President – Operations

Carl Randazzo

  

51

  

Senior Vice President – Retail

 

Chris R. Homeister has been our Chief Executive Officer and a Director since January 1, 2015. From October 2013 through December 2014, Mr. Homeister was our Chief Operating Officer. From May 2012 through September 2013, Mr. Homeister was Chief Executive Officer and founder of Homeister Ventures LLC, a provider of consulting services for private equity, venture capital, retail, and consumer electronics firms. Prior thereto, from June 2009 through April 2012, Mr. Homeister served as Senior Vice President and General Manager of Best Buy Co., Inc.’s Entertainment Business Group, where he was responsible for all elements and the management of the business unit. From April 2005 to May 2009, he held various roles at Best Buy, including Senior Vice President of Digital Merchandising and Strategic Planning; Vice President of Merchandising, Mobile Electronics and Computing. Prior to Best Buy, Mr. Homeister held management positions at Gateway, Inc. and Amoco Oil Company. Mr. Homeister earned an M.B.A. from the University of Notre Dame and a B.B.A. in Finance from the University of Iowa. We believe Mr. Homeister is qualified to serve as a director because, as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, he is familiar with the Company’s business and industry and is most capable of effectively identifying strategic priorities and leading the execution of strategy. Additionally, his past experience in leading global sourcing, merchandising, and retail expansion will benefit the Company as it executes its strategic plan.

 

Kirk L. Geadelmann has been our Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President since August 2014. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Geadelmann worked at Best Buy from June 2000 to February 2014 in various management roles including Corporate and International Controller. During his tenure at Best Buy, Mr. Geadelmann was responsible for overseeing business planning, performance management, financial accounting and SEC reporting functions. Prior to Best Buy, he held roles with BMC Manufacturing, Arthur Andersen, Allianz Insurance and Coopers & Lybrand, where he earned his CPA certification. Mr. Geadelmann earned a B.B.A. in Accounting and Risk Management from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

 

Joseph Kinder has been our Senior Vice President — Operations since June 2012. Previously, Mr. Kinder served as The Tile Shop’s Supply Chain Manager from August 1995 until June 2012, as an Assistant Store Manager for The Tile Shop from March 1994 to August 1995, and as a sales person at The Tile Shop from March 1993 to March 1994. Mr. Kinder holds a B.A. in Business from the College of Saint Thomas.

 

Carl Randazzo has been our Senior Vice President — Retail since June 2012. Previously, Mr. Randazzo served as The Tile Shop’s National Sales Manager from October 2006 until June 2012, as a Regional Sales Manager for The Tile Shop from June 2004 to October 2006, as a Store Manager for The Tile Shop from April 1994 to June 2004, and as a sales person at The Tile Shop from October 1992 to April 1994. Mr. Randazzo holds a B.S. in Economics from Arizona State University.

 

As previously announced, effective March 1, 2016, Mr. Randazzo will become our Senior Vice President – Real Estate and Development and Lynda Stout will be joining the Company as our Senior Vice President – Retail.

  

 
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Directors

 

The following table provides information about our directors, including their ages, as of the date of this Form 10-K.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position

Class I Directors:

 

 

 

 

Chris R. Homeister

 

47

 

Chief Executive Officer, Director

Peter J. Jacullo III(1)(2)

 

61

 

Director

Adam L. Suttin(1)

 

48

 

Director

Class II Directors:

 

 

 

 

Peter H. Kamin(1)(3)

 

53

 

Director

Todd Krasnow(2)(3)

 

58

 

Director

Class III Directors:

 

 

 

 

Christopher T. Cook(3)

 

46

 

Director

Robert A. Rucker

 

63

 

Director

William E. Watts(2)

 

63

 

Director; Chairman of the Board

 

(1) Member of the Audit Committee.

(2) Member of the Compensation Committee.

(3) Member of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.

 

Peter J. Jacullo III has served as a member of our Board since August 2012. Previously, Mr. Jacullo served as a member of The Tile Shop’s board of managers from December 2007 to August 2012. Since July 1987, Mr. Jacullo has been a self-employed investor and consultant, and he currently serves on the board of directors of various privately-held companies. Previously, Mr. Jacullo was a Vice President and Director of the Boston Consulting Group from May 1984 to July 1987, where he was also employed in various other capacities from May 1978 to May 1984. He is currently a director of Magnatech International Inc., a provider of equipment for the hydraulic hose industry. Mr. Jacullo holds an M.B.A. from the University of Chicago and a B.A. in Economics from Johns Hopkins University. We believe that Mr. Jacullo is qualified to serve on our Board in light of the continuity that he provides on our Board and his experience as a professional investor.

 

Adam L. Suttin has served as a member of our Board since August 2012. Previously, Mr. Suttin served as president of JWC Acquisition Corp. Mr. Suttin co-founded J.W. Childs Associates, L.P., a private equity investment firm, in 1995 and is a partner of that firm. From 1989 to 1995, Mr. Suttin was an investment professional at Thomas H. Lee Company. He is currently a member of the board of directors of Kosta Browne Winery, LLC, Esselte Ltd., Key Impact Sales & Systems, Inc., Shoe Sensation Inc., Mattress Firm Holdings, Inc., and the NutraSweet Company. Mr. Suttin holds a B.S. in Economics from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and a B.A.S. in Engineering from the Moore School of Engineering of the University of Pennsylvania. We believe that Mr. Suttin is qualified to serve on our Board in light of his experience as a co-founder of J.W. Childs Associates, L.P. and his experience as a director of various companies.

 

Peter H. Kamin has served as a member of our Board since August 2012. Previously, Mr. Kamin served as a member of The Tile Shop’s board of managers from January 2012 to August 2012. Mr. Kamin is the founder of 3K Limited Partnership, an investment fund, and has served as its Managing Partner since January 2012. For the eleven years preceding the formation of 3K Limited Partnership, Mr. Kamin was a founding member and Managing Partner of ValueAct Capital. ValueAct Capital grew into a leading investment management organization during Mr. Kamin’s tenure. Prior to founding ValueAct Capital in 2000, Mr. Kamin founded and managed Peak Investment L.P. Peak was a limited partnership, organized to make investments in a select number of domestic public and private companies. Since May 2012, Mr. Kamin has been a director and member of the governance committee of MAM Software Group, Inc., a publicly-traded provider of business automation and ecommerce solutions for the automotive aftermarket. Mr. Kamin is also a director of several privately held companies. Mr. Kamin previously served as a director of Ambassadors Group, Inc. from May 2012 to September 2015, of Rand Worldwide, Inc. from April 2012 to June 2015, of Adesa, Inc. from April 2007 to December 2011, and of Seitel, Inc. from February 2007 to December 2011, as well as previously serving as a director of several privately held companies. Mr. Kamin holds a B.A. in Economics from Tufts University and an M.B.A. from the Harvard University Graduate School of Business. Mr. Kamin is a trustee of Tufts University. We believe that Mr. Kamin is qualified to serve on our Board due to his significant experience as a director of publicly-traded companies and his substantial experience as an investor.

 

 
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Todd Krasnow has served as a member of our Board since August 2012. Previously, Mr. Krasnow served as a member of The Tile Shop’s board of managers from January 2012 to August 2012. Mr. Krasnow has served as the President of Cobbs Capital, Inc., a private consulting company, since January 2005, and as marketing domain expert with Highland Consumer Fund, a venture capital firm, since June 2007. Previously, Mr. Krasnow was the Chairman of Zoots, Inc., a dry cleaning company, from June 2003 to January 2008, and Chief Executive Officer of Zoots, Inc. from February 1998 to June 2003. He served as the Executive Vice President of Sales and Marketing of Staples, Inc. from May 1993 to January 1998 and in other sales and marketing positions for Staples, Inc. from March 1986 to May 1993. Since September 2005, Mr. Krasnow has served as a director of Carbonite, Inc., a publicly-traded provider of online backup solutions for consumers and small and medium sized businesses; since December 2005, Mr. Krasnow has served as Chairman of Carbonite’s compensation committee; and since September 2009, he has served as a member of Carbonite’s audit committee. Mr. Krasnow is a member of the advisory boards of C&S Wholesale Grocers, Inc. and of Kids II, a manufacturer of baby and toddler products. Since January 2016, Mr. Krasnow has served as a director of Bakkover Group, Ltd., a London, UK-based fresh prepared meals provider, and Ecentria Group, Inc., an Illinois-based internet retailer of outdoor, camping, optical and other gear. Mr. Krasnow previously served as a director of Piedmont, Ltd., a Japanese storage company conducting business as Quraz, which was sold in September 2013; as a director of Global Customer Commerce, Inc., an internet retailer of blinds and wall coverings, which was sold in January 2014; and as a director of OnForce, Inc., an online marketplace that enables enterprises to hire information technology services professionals, which was sold in August 2014. Mr. Krasnow holds an M.B.A. from the Harvard University Graduate School of Business and an A.B. in Chemistry from Cornell University. We believe that Mr. Krasnow is qualified to serve on our Board due to his operating and management experience and his expertise in sales and marketing.

 

Christopher T. Cook has served as a member of our Board since September 2014. Mr. Cook founded Sleep Experts, a Texas chain of mattress retail stores, and served as its Chief Executive Officer from 2004 until its acquisition by Mattress Firm in April 2014. Mr. Cook currently serves as a strategy consultant to the Mattress Firm executive team. Mr. Cook was also on the founding team of SiteStuff, a venture-backed e-commerce company and served as its Executive Vice President of Business Development until 2003. He currently serves on the board of the Entrepreneur’s Foundation of North Texas and is a member of the Young Presidents’ Organization. Mr. Cook has a B.B.A. in Finance from SMU Cox School of Business in Dallas, Texas. We believe that Mr. Cook is qualified to serve on our Board due to his in-depth involvement in founding and leading a company in the consumer retail industry and his experience creating scalable sales culture and scalable systems.

 

Robert A. Rucker has served as a member of our Board since June 2012 and was our Chief Executive Officer and President from June 2012 until December 2014. Previously, Mr. Rucker served as The Tile Shop’s Chief Executive Officer and President and as a member of its board of managers. Mr. Rucker holds a B.E.S. in Psychology and History from the University of Minnesota. We believe that Mr. Rucker is qualified to serve on our Board based on his historical knowledge of The Tile Shop as its founder and his strategic vision for the Company.

 

William E. Watts has served as a member and Chairman of our Board since August 2012. Previously, Mr. Watts served as Vice President of JWC Acquisition Corp. Mr. Watts has been a partner of J. W. Childs Associates, L.P., a private equity investment firm, since June 2001. From 1991 to 2001, he was President and Chief Executive Officer of General Nutrition Companies. Prior to being named President and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Watts held the positions of president and chief operating officer of General Nutrition, President and Chief Operating Officer of General Nutrition Center, and Senior Vice President of Retailing and Vice President of Retail Operations of General Nutrition Center. Mr. Watts currently serves as Non-Executive Chairman of the board of directors of Mattress Firm Holdings, Inc., Non-Executive Chairman of the board of directors of Cycle Gear, Inc., and Non-Executive Chairman of the board of directors of Shoe Sensation, Inc. Mr. Watts holds a B.A. in Social Science from the State University of New York at Buffalo. We believe that Mr. Watts is qualified to serve on our Board in light of his experience as a director of various companies and his experience as chief executive officer of a company with a well-known brand.

 

In accordance with our Certificate of Incorporation, our Board is divided into three classes with staggered three-year terms. At each annual meeting of stockholders, the successors to directors whose terms then expire will be elected to serve from the time of election and qualification until the third annual meeting following election. Except as otherwise provided by law and subject to the rights of any class or series of preferred stock, vacancies on our Board (including a vacancy created by an increase in the size of the Board) may be filled only by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors. A director elected by the Board to fill a vacancy (other than a vacancy created by an increase in the size of the Board) serves for the unexpired term of such director’s predecessor in office and until such director’s successor is elected and qualified. A director appointed to fill a position resulting from an increase in the size of the Board serves until the next annual meeting of stockholders at which the class of directors to which such director is assigned by the Board is to be elected by stockholders and until such director’s successor is elected and qualified. Any additional directorships resulting from an increase in the number of directors will be distributed among the three classes so that, as nearly as possible, each class will consist of one-third of the directors.

 

 
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Our directors are divided among the three classes as follows:

 

 

The Class I directors are Messrs. Homeister, Jacullo and Suttin, with terms expiring at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2016;

 

 

The Class II directors are Messrs. Kamin and Krasnow, with terms expiring at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2017; and

 

 

The Class III directors are Messrs. Cook, Rucker and Watts, with terms expiring at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2018.

 

Our Board met four times between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015. Each director attended at least 75% of the meetings of the Board and of any committee of the Board on which such director served that were held between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015.

 

INVOLVEMENT IN CERTAIN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

In October 2011, Joseph Kinder, our Senior Vice President – Operations, was involved in a domestic dispute Mr. Kinder pled guilty to a charge of contributing to the need for child protection or services, which was deemed a misdemeanor.

 

Peter Jacullo III, a director, previously served as a manager and secretary of BlueEarth Biofuels, LLC, which filed for bankruptcy in May 2014 and was subsequently dissolved.

 

SECTION 16(a) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE

 

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires our directors and executive officers, and persons who own more than ten percent of a registered class of the Company’s equity securities, to file with the SEC initial reports of ownership and reports of changes in ownership of common stock and other equity securities of the Company. These executive officers, directors and greater than ten percent stockholders are required by SEC regulation to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file.

 

To our knowledge, based on a review of the copies of such reports furnished to us, the executive officers, directors and greater than ten percent stockholders complied with all Section 16(a) filing requirements during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, except that Nabron International, Inc., a greater than ten percent stockholder, filed a Form 4 on September 15, 2015 to report nine sales of Company equity securities that occurred from May 18, 2015 through May 29, 2015.

 

CODE OF BUSINESS CONDUCT AND ETHICS

 

We have adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to all officers, directors and employees. We intend to maintain the highest standards of ethical business practices and compliance with all laws and regulations applicable to our business. The Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is available on the “Investor Relations” section of our website, at http://investors.tileshop.com, under the “Governance Documents” heading. We intend to satisfy the disclosure requirement under Item 5.05 of Form 8-K regarding an amendment to, or waiver from, a provision of our Code of Ethics and Business Conduct by posting such information on our website at the web address and location specified above.

  

COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS

 

Our Board has established the following committees: an Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee, and a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. The composition and responsibilities of each committee are described below. Members serve on these committees until their resignation or until otherwise determined by our Board.

 

Audit Committee

 

Our Audit Committee oversees our corporate accounting and financial reporting process, the audit of our financial statements, the audit of internal controls over financial reporting and other information included in documents containing the audited financial statements. Among other matters, the Audit Committee evaluates our independent auditors’ qualifications, independence – as required under Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) Auditing Standard No. 16, communications with Audit Committees (AS 16) and receives from the independent auditors written disclosures regarding the auditors independence required by PCAOB Ethics and Independence Rule 3526, Communication with Audit Committees Concerning Independence, and has discussed with the independent auditors, the independent auditor’s independence. The Audit Committee also determines the engagement, retention, and compensation of the independent auditors; reviews and approves the scope of the annual audit and the audit fee; discusses with management and the independent auditors the results of the annual audit and the review of our quarterly financial statements, including the disclosures in our annual and quarterly reports to be filed with the SEC; assesses the performance of the independent auditors; approves the retention of the independent auditors to perform any proposed permissible non-audit services; reviews our risk assessment and risk management processes; establishes procedures for receiving, retaining, and investigating complaints received by us regarding accounting, internal accounting controls, or audit matters; monitors the rotation of partners of the independent auditors on our engagement team as required by law; reviews our critical accounting policies and estimates; and oversees any internal audit function. Additionally, the Audit Committee reviews and approves related person transactions and reviews and evaluates, on an annual basis, the Audit Committee charter and performance. Our independent registered public accounting firm and management each periodically meet privately with our Audit Committee.  

 

 
35

 

  

The Audit Committee has recommended to the Board that the audited financial statements be included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year December 31, 2015 for filing with the SEC.

 

The current members of our Audit Committee are Messrs. Jacullo, Kamin, and Suttin, with Mr. Kamin serving as the chair of the Audit Committee. All members of our Audit Committee meet the requirements for financial literacy under the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC and NASDAQ. Our Board has determined that Mr. Kamin is an audit committee financial expert as defined under the applicable rules of the SEC and has the requisite financial sophistication as defined under the applicable rules and regulations of NASDAQ. A description of Mr. Kamin’s experience is set forth above under “Directors.” Messrs. Jacullo, Kamin, and Suttin are independent directors as defined under the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC, NASDAQ and Public Company Accounting Oversight Board. The Audit Committee operates under a written charter that satisfies the applicable standards of the SEC and NASDAQ, and which is available on the “Investor Relations” section of our website, at http://investors.tileshop.com, under the “Governance Documents” heading. The Audit Committee met twelve times between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015.

 

Compensation Committee

 

Our Compensation Committee reviews and recommends policies relating to compensation and benefits of our executive officers and employees. The Compensation Committee annually reviews and approves corporate goals and objectives relevant to compensation of our chief executive officer and other executive officers, evaluates the performance of these officers in light of those goals and objectives, and sets the compensation of these officers based on such evaluations. The Compensation Committee also reviews and makes recommendations to the Board with respect to director compensation and administers the issuance of stock options and other awards under our equity compensation plans. The Compensation Committee reviews and prepares the necessary compensation disclosures required by the SEC. Additionally, the Compensation Committee reviews and evaluates, on an annual basis, the Compensation Committee charter and performance.

 

The current members of our Compensation Committee are Messrs. Jacullo, Krasnow and Watts, with Mr. Krasnow serving as the chair of the Compensation Committee. All of the members of our Compensation Committee are independent under the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC, NASDAQ and Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. The Compensation Committee operates under a written charter that satisfies the applicable standards of the SEC and NASDAQ, and which is available on the “Investor Relations” section of our website, at http://investors.tileshop.com, under the “Governance Documents” heading. The Compensation Committee met seven times between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015.

  

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

 

Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is responsible for making recommendations regarding corporate governance; identification, evaluation and nomination of candidates for directorships; and the structure and composition of our Board and committees thereof. In addition, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee oversees our corporate governance guidelines, approves our committee charters, oversees compliance with our code of business conduct and ethics, contributes to succession planning, reviews actual and potential conflicts of interest of our directors and officers other than related person transactions reviewed by the Audit Committee, and oversees the Board self-evaluation process. Additionally, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee reviews and evaluates, on an annual basis, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee charter and performance.

 

The current members of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are Messrs. Cook, Kamin and Krasnow, with Mr. Cook serving as the chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. All of the members of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are independent under the applicable rules and regulations of NASDAQ. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee operates under a written charter, which is available on the “Investor Relations” section of our website, at http://investors.tileshop.com, under the “Governance Documents” heading. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee met three times between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015.

 

 
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DIRECTOR RECOMMENDATION AND NOMINATION PROCESS

 

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers the following criteria, among other criteria that it deems appropriate, in recommending candidates for service on the Board:

 

  

Personal and professional integrity;

  

Experience in corporate management, such as service as an officer of a publicly held company and a general understanding of marketing, finance and other elements relevant to the success of a publicly held company;

  

Experience in the Company’s industry;

  

Experience as a member of the board of directors of another publicly held company;

  

Academic expertise in the area of the Company’s operations;

  

Practical and mature business judgment, including the ability to make independent analytical inquires; and

  

The manner in which a candidate’s appointment to the Board would impact the overall composition of the Board with regard to diversity of viewpoint, professional experience, education, skill, race, gender and national origin.

 

In assessing director candidates, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers diversity, age, skills, and such other factors as it deems appropriate given the current needs of the Board and the Company, to maintain a balance of knowledge, experience and capability. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee does not have a formal diversity policy and does not follow any ratio or formula with respect to diversity in order to determine the appropriate composition of the Board. In the case of incumbent directors whose terms of office are set to expire, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee reviews these directors’ overall service to the Company during their terms, including the number of meetings attended, level of participation, quality of performance, and any other relationships and transactions that might impair the directors’ independence. In the case of new director candidates, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee also determines whether the nominee is independent for NASDAQ purposes, which determination is based upon applicable NASDAQ listing standards, applicable SEC rules and regulations and the advice of counsel, if necessary. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee conducts any appropriate and necessary inquiries into the backgrounds and qualifications of possible candidates after considering the function and needs of the Board. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee meets to discuss and consider the candidates’ qualifications and then selects a nominee by majority vote.

 

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will consider director candidates recommended by stockholders. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee does not intend to alter the manner in which it evaluates candidates, including the minimum criteria set forth above, based on whether or not the candidate was recommended by a stockholder.

 

To nominate a director for the 2016 Annual Meeting, stockholders must submit such nomination in writing to our Secretary at 14000 Carlson Parkway, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 no later than the close of business on April 15, 2016, nor earlier than the close of business on March 16, 2016. To nominate a director for the 2017 Annual Meeting, stockholders must submit such nomination in writing to our Secretary at 14000 Carlson Parkway, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 no later than the close of business on April 13, 2017, nor earlier than the close of business on March 14, 2017. You are advised to review the Company’s Bylaws for requirements relating to director nominees.

 

STOCKHOLDER PROPOSALS FOR 2016 ANNUAL MEETING AND 2017 ANNUAL MEETING

 

In order to have been considered for inclusion in this year’s proxy statement, stockholder proposals must have been submitted in writing to the Company no later than January 21, 2016. In order to be considered for inclusion in next year’s proxy statement, stockholder proposals must be submitted in writing to the Company no later than January 28, 2017. The Company suggests that proposals for the 2017 Annual Meeting be submitted by certified mail, return receipt requested. The proposal must be in accordance with the provision of Rule 14a-8 promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

Stockholders who intend to present a proposal or director nomination at the 2016 Annual Meeting without including such proposal or nomination in the Company’s proxy statement must, pursuant to the Company’s Bylaws, deliver to the Company notice of such proposal no earlier than March 16, 2016 and no later than April 15, 2016. Stockholders who intend to present a proposal or director nomination at the 2017 Annual Meeting without including such proposal or nomination in the Company’s proxy statement must, pursuant to the Company’s Bylaws, deliver to the Company notice of such proposal no earlier than March 14, 2017 and no later than April 13, 2017. The Company reserves the right to reject, rule out of order, or take appropriate action with respect to any proposal that does not comply with these and other applicable requirements.

  

 
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ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Compensation Discussion and Analysis

 

This section discusses our policies and decisions with respect to the compensation of our executive officers named in the “Summary Compensation Table” and the most important factors relevant to an analysis of these policies and decisions. The “named executive officers” to whom this discussion applies are:

 

  

Chris R. Homeister, Chief Operating Officer (October 1, 2013 through December 31, 2014), Chief Executive Officer and President (beginning January 1, 2015);

  

Kirk L. Geadelmann, Chief Financial Officer (beginning August 12, 2014);

  

Joseph Kinder, Senior Vice President – Operations; and

  

Carl Randazzo, Senior Vice President – Retail.

 

All of our named executive officers served as executive officers during the entire 2015 fiscal year.

 

Overview

 

We recognize that our ability to excel depends on the integrity, knowledge, imagination, skill, diversity, and teamwork of our employees. To this end, we strive to create an environment of mutual respect, encouragement, and teamwork that rewards commitment and performance and is responsive to the needs of our employees. The principles and objectives of our compensation and benefits programs for our employees generally, and for our named executive officers specifically, are to:

 

  

align compensation incentives with our corporate strategies, business, and financial objectives and the long-term interests of our stockholders;

  

motivate, reward and retain executives whose knowledge, skills and performance ensure our continued success; and

  

ensure that total compensation is fair, reasonable, and competitive.

 

Each of the primary elements of our executive compensation program is discussed in more detail below. While we have identified particular compensation objectives that each element of executive compensation serves, our compensation programs are designed to be flexible and complementary and to collectively serve all of the executive compensation objectives described above. Accordingly, whether or not specifically mentioned below, we believe that each individual element, to some extent, serves each of our objectives. Further, while each of our executive officers has not been, and may not be, compensated with all individual compensation elements, we believe that the compensation provided to each individual executive officer is, and will be, consistent with the overall compensation philosophy and objectives set forth above.

 

Compensation Determination Process

 

We review executive compensation annually, including evaluating our philosophy and compensation programs as circumstances require. As part of this review process, we expect to apply the values and the objectives outlined above, together with consideration for the levels of compensation that we would be willing to pay to ensure that our compensation remains competitive and that it is meeting our retention objectives in light of the cost to us if we were required to replace a key employee. In addition, we consider the results of non-binding advisory votes on executive compensation, commonly referred to as “say-on-pay” votes. At our 2015 Annual Meeting, we held a say-on-pay vote on the compensation of our named executive officers as described in the proxy statement for that meeting. Stockholders approved the compensation of the named executive officers by a favorable vote exceeding 99% of votes cast, including abstentions. We are mindful of the opinions of our stockholders and considered these results when deciding to retain our general compensation philosophy and core objectives for the upcoming fiscal year.

 

Our Compensation Committee does not rely on a formal peer group when determining compensation, but does make reference to general market data and may consider establishing a group of comparable companies for this purpose in the future. Additionally, our Compensation Committee may consider engaging a compensation consultant in future years to provide market data on a peer group of companies in our industry. We believe that such information, together with other information obtained by the members of our Compensation Committee would help ensure that our compensation program remains competitive. We anticipate that our Compensation Committee may make adjustments in executive compensation levels in the future as a result of this more formal market comparison process.

 

 
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The compensation levels of our named executive officers reflect, to a significant degree, the varying roles and responsibilities of such executives. As a result of the assessment by our Board of the roles and responsibilities of our Chief Executive Officer, there is a compensation differential between his compensation levels and those of our other named executive officers.

 

Executive Compensation Program Components

 

Base Salary.  Base salaries of our named executive officers are initially established through arm’s-length negotiation at the time an executive is hired, taking into account such executive’s qualifications, experience, and prior salary. Base salaries of our named executive officers are approved and reviewed periodically by our Chief Executive Officer, and in the case of our Chief Executive Officer’s base salary, by our Board, and adjustments to base salaries are based on the scope of an executive’s responsibilities, individual contribution, prior experience, and sustained performance. Decisions regarding salary increases may take into account the executive officer’s current salary, equity or equity-linked interests, and the amounts paid to an executive officer’s peers within our Company. In making decisions regarding salary increases, we may also draw upon the experience of members of our Board with other companies. Base salaries are also reviewed in the case of promotions or other significant changes in responsibility. No formulaic base salary increases are provided to our named executive officers. This strategy is consistent with our intent of offering base salaries that are cost-effective while remaining competitive.

 

Our Chief Executive Officer, Chris R. Homeister, was hired in October 2013 as our Chief Operating Officer at an annual base salary of $300,000. Effective January 1, 2015 and in connection with his promotion to Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Homeister’s annual base salary was increased to $400,000.

 

Our Chief Financial Officer, Kirk Geadelmann, was hired in August 2014 at an annual base salary of $210,000. In February 2015, the Compensation Committee approved an increase to the annual base salary of Mr. Geadelmann to $212,000.

 

In anticipation of the consummation of the Business Combination in August 2012, we entered into offer letter agreements with each of Messrs. Kinder and Randazzo, which provide for annual base salaries of $200,000 each. In February 2014, the Compensation Committee approved increases to the base salaries of Messrs. Kinder and Randazzo to $208,000 each, on an annualized basis, and in February 2015, the Compensation Committee approved increases to the base salaries of Messrs. Kinder and Randazzo to $212,000 each, on an annualized basis.

 

The actual base salaries earned by all of our named executive officers in 2015, 2014 and 2013 are set forth in the “Summary Compensation Table.”

 

2012 Omnibus Award Plan.  In June 2012, our Board and stockholders adopted an equity award plan, which became effective upon the consummation of the Business Combination. The principal purpose of the equity award plan is to attract, retain, and motivate selected employees, consultants, and directors. As initially adopted, the equity award plan provided for stock-based compensation awards. In February 2013, the Compensation Committee and the Board amended the equity award plan to authorize grants of performance-based awards. At the same time, the plan was renamed the 2012 Omnibus Award Plan (the “Omnibus Plan”). The Compensation Committee of our Board administers the Omnibus Plan, subject to the right of our Board to assume authority for administration or delegate such authority to another committee of the Board. Awards under the Omnibus Plan may be granted to individuals who are then our officers, employees, directors, or consultants or are the officers, employees, directors, or consultants of our subsidiaries.

 

Under the Omnibus Plan, 2,500,000 shares of our common stock were initially reserved for issuance pursuant to a variety of stock-based compensation awards, including stock options and restricted stock awards. As initially adopted, the number of shares reserved for issuance or transfer pursuant to awards under the Omnibus Plan would increase on the first day of each calendar year beginning in 2013 and ending in 2022, in an amount equal to the lesser of (A) 2,500,000 shares, (B) six percent (6%) of the shares of common stock outstanding (on an as-converted basis) on the last day of the immediately preceding calendar year, and (C) such smaller number of shares of common stock as determined by our Board. In February 2013, the Compensation Committee and the Board acknowledged that 2,500,000 shares of common stock were added to the Omnibus Plan reserve effective January 1, 2013 in accordance with the automatic share increase provision, and amended the Omnibus Plan to eliminate the automatic share increase for subsequent years. 

 

In the event of a change of control, as such term is defined in the Omnibus Plan, the administrator may, in its sole discretion, accelerate vesting of awards issued under the Omnibus Plan such that 100% of any such award may become vested and exercisable. Additionally, the administrator has complete discretion to structure one or more awards under the Omnibus Plan to provide that such awards will become vested and exercisable on an accelerated basis. The administrator may also make appropriate adjustments to awards under the Omnibus Plan and is authorized to provide for the acceleration, termination, assumption, substitution, or conversion of such awards in the event of a change of control or certain other unusual or nonrecurring events or transactions. 

 

 
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The types of awards we intend to grant under the Omnibus Plan are as follows:

 

Cash Performance Awards.  In February 2013, 2014, and 2015, the Board and the Compensation Committee adopted specific performance targets and payout levels for each executive officer for the then-current fiscal year. Fiscal 2013 performance targets and payout levels for Mr. Homeister and fiscal 2014 performance targets and payouts for Mr. Geadelmann were determined upon commencement of employment with the Company. For fiscal 2013 and 2014, each of Messrs. Homeister, Geadelmann, Kinder and Randazzo was eligible to earn target cash incentive compensation equal to 50% of his base salary, based on our Adjusted EBITDA for the year. The target incentive compensation was payable if we achieved the Adjusted EBITDA target set forth in our budget. Each of Messrs. Homeister, Geadelmann, Kinder and Randazzo was entitled to receive a partial incentive payment if we achieved at least 85% of our budgeted Adjusted EBITDA, and an incentive of up to double the target incentive amount if we achieved 115% of our budgeted Adjusted EBITDA and attained targeted sales goals. For fiscal 2013, Mr. Homeister’s cash incentive arrangement was pro-rated for the partial year during which he was employed with the Company. For fiscal 2014, Mr. Geadelmann’s cash incentive arrangement was pro-rated for the partial year during which he was employed with the Company.

 

For fiscal 2015, Mr. Homeister was eligible to earn target cash incentive compensation equal to 75% of his base salary and each of Messrs. Geadelmann, Kinder and Randazzo was eligible to earn target cash incentive compensation equal to 50% of his base salary, all based on our Adjusted EBITDA for the year. The target incentive compensation was payable if we achieved the Adjusted EBITDA target set forth in our budget. Each of Messrs. Homeister, Geadelmann, Kinder and Randazzo was entitled to receive a partial incentive payment if we achieved at least 85% of our budgeted Adjusted EBITDA, and an incentive of up to double the target incentive amount if we achieved 115% of our budgeted Adjusted EBITDA and attained targeted sales goals.

 

The Compensation Committee reviews and certifies performance following the end of each fiscal year and may also consider discretionary factors when making awards. As a result of this review, for fiscal 2013, the Compensation Committee approved incentive awards in the amount of $30,000 to each of Messrs. Homeister, Kinder and Randazzo, partially based on the forgoing performance measures and partially based on discretion. The Compensation Committee did not approve any incentive awards based on the performance of the Company in fiscal 2014. For fiscal 2015, the Compensation Committee approved a payout of 55% of the target cash incentive compensation to Messrs. Homeister, Geadelmann, Kinder and Randazzo based on Company performance measures.

 

The cash bonuses for which our named executive officers were eligible in 2015 are set forth in the “Grants of Plan Based Awards in Fiscal Year 2015” table. The actual cash bonuses earned by all of our named executive officers in 2015, 2014 and 2013 are set forth in the “Summary Compensation Table.” 

 

Equity and Equity-Linked Incentives We intend to use equity incentive awards pursuant to our Omnibus Plan to link the interests of our named executive officers with those of our stockholders. The Omnibus Plan provides that the administrator may grant or issue stock options and restricted stock or any combination thereof. Stock options may be either nonqualified stock options or incentive stock options. We expect vesting of these equity incentive awards to be dependent in whole or in part on continued employment, in order to encourage the retention of our named executive officers through the vesting period of the awards. In some cases, vesting may also be partially based on the annual appreciation of our common stock. In determining the size of inducement and ongoing equity awards to our named executive officers, our Compensation Committee considers a number of internal factors, such as the relative job scope, the value of outstanding equity awards, individual performance history, prior contributions to us, and the size of prior awards, as well as external factors such as the levels of unvested equity awards held by our executive officers in relation to their peers at comparable companies. The Compensation Committee also intends to consider the foregoing factors for future awards.

 

In January 2015, we granted 150,000 non-qualified stock options to Chris Homeister pursuant to the Omnibus Plan, which are subject to time-based vesting over a five-year period. The equity grants made to our named executive officers in 2015 are set forth in the “Grants of Plan Based Awards in Fiscal Year 2015” table and are discussed in the “Equity Grants” section of this item.

 

Retirement Savings.  All of our full-time employees, including our named executive officers, are eligible to participate in The Tile Shop 401(k) Retirement Plan. Employees may elect to reduce their current compensation by up to the statutorily prescribed annual limit, which was $18,000 in 2015 (or $24,000 for employees over 50), and to have the amount of this reduction contributed to the 401(k) plan. In 2015, 2014 and 2013, we made a matching contribution of $0.25 for every $1.00 that each applicable employee contributed to the 401(k) plan, up to a maximum of 5% of such employee’s salary. Each year, this matching contribution vests as to 20% of the aggregate matching contributions for such employee, such that all past and future matching contributions will be vested after the employee has been employed by us for a period of five years.

 

 
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Perquisites.   From time-to-time, we have provided certain of our named executive officers with perquisites that we believe are reasonable. We do not view perquisites as a significant element of our comprehensive compensation structure, but do believe they can be useful in attracting, motivating, and retaining executive talent. We believe that these additional benefits may assist our executive officers in performing their duties and provide time efficiencies for our executive officers in appropriate circumstances, and may consider providing additional perquisites in the future. There are no material perquisites to our named executive officers that are contractual obligations pursuant to written agreements. All future practices regarding perquisites will be approved and subject to periodic review by our Compensation Committee.

 

Tax Considerations.  Our Board considers the potential effects of Section 162(m) of the Code on the compensation paid to our executive officers. Section 162(m) disallows a tax deduction for any publicly-held corporation for individual compensation exceeding $1.0 million in any taxable year for the Chief Executive Officer and each of the next three most highly compensated executive officers (other than the Chief Financial Officer, if any), unless the compensation is “performance based” or based on another available exemption. We expect that our Compensation Committee will, where reasonably practicable, seek to qualify the variable compensation paid to our executive officers for an exemption from the deductibility limitations of Section 162(m), including by awarding stock options that satisfy the “qualified performance-based compensation” exception by virtue of being approved by a qualifying compensation committee of two or more outside directors, being issued pursuant to an underlying plan that sets the maximum number of shares that can be granted to any person within a specified period and compensating recipients based solely on an increase in the stock price after the grant date (i.e., the exercise price or base price is greater than or equal to the fair market value of the stock subject to the award on the grant date). In approving the amount and form of compensation for our executive officers in the future, our Compensation Committee will consider all elements of the cost to us of providing such compensation, including the potential impact of Section 162(m). However, our Compensation Committee may, in its judgment, authorize compensation payments that do not comply with the exemptions in Section 162(m) when it believes that such payments are appropriate to attract and retain executive talent. Specifically, the restricted stock granted to Mr. Homeister in October 2013 was not “performance based.”

 

Compensation Committee Report

 

The Compensation Committee has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis with management.  Based upon this review and discussion, the Compensation Committee recommended to the Board of Directors that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in our proxy statement and in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

 

Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors:

 

Todd Krasnow, Chairman

Peter J. Jacullo III

William E. Watts

     

 
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Summary Compensation Table

 

The following table provides information regarding the compensation earned during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2013 through December 31, 2015 by each of the named executive officers for each year in which each was a Named Executive Officer:

 

Name and Principal Position

 

Fiscal Year

 

Salary ($)

   

Bonus ($)

   

Stock Awards ($) (1)

   

Option Awards ($) (1)

   

Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation ($)(2)

   

Total ($)

 

Chris Homeister (3)

 

2015

    400,000       -       -       592,479       165,000       1,157,479  

Chief Executive Officer

 

2014

    300,000       -       -       294,430       -       594,430  
   

2013

    75,000  (4)     30,000       1,447,000       2,740,180       -       4,292,180  
                                                     

Kirk Geadelmann (5)

 

2015

    212,000       -       -       -       58,300       270,300  

Chief Financial Officer

 

2014

    81,932  (6)     -       -       492,340       -       574,272  
                                                     

Joseph Kinder

 

2015

    212,000       -       -       -       58,300       270,300  

Senior Vice President - Operations

 

2014

    208,000       -       -       -       -       208,000  
   

2013

    200,000       30,000       -       -       -       230,000  
                                                     

Carl Randazzo

 

2015

    212,000       -       -       -       58,300       270,300  

Senior Vice President - Retail

 

2014

    208,000       -       -       -       -       208,000  
   

2013

    200,000       30,000       -       -       -       230,000  

 

  

(1)

The value of stock awards and options in this table represent the fair value of such awards granted or modified during the fiscal year, as computed in accordance with FASB ASC 718. The assumptions used to determine the valuation of the awards are discussed in Note 9 to our consolidated financial statements, included herein.

 

 

 

 

(2)

Represents incentive compensation paid based on the Company’s achievement of Adjusted EBITDA financial goals for fiscal 2015. See “Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation” below for additional discussion.

     

  

(3)

From October 1, 2013 through December 31, 2014, Mr. Homeister served as Chief Operating Officer. Effective January 1, 2015, Mr. Homeister serves as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and President.

 

 

 

  

(4)

Includes pro rata base salary received by Mr. Homeister for services as Chief Operating Officer from October 1, 2013 through December 31, 2013.

 

 

 

  

(5)

Mr. Geadelmann was not a named executive officer in fiscal 2013.

 

 

 

  

(6)

Includes pro rata base salary received by Mr. Geadelmann for services as Chief Financial Officer from August 12, 2014 through December 31, 2014.

 

Grants of Plan-Based Awards for Fiscal 2015

 

The following table sets forth certain information regarding grants of plan-based awards during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015:

 

Name

 

Grant Date

   

Estimated possible payouts under non-equity

incentive plan awards ($)(1)

   

All other option

awards: Number of

securities underlying

options (#)

   

Exercise or

base price of

option awards

($/Sh)

   

Grant date fair

value of stock

and option

awards ($)

 
           

Threshold ($)

   

Target ($)

   

Maximum ($)

                         

Chris Homeister

    1/2/2015       -       -       -       150,000  (2)     8.73       592,479  

Chris Homeister

    N/A       15,000       300,000       600,000       -       -       -  

Kirk Geadelmann