10-Q 1 transunion-20150630x10q.htm 10-Q TransUnion-2015.06.30-10Q
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
 
 
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015
- OR -
 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number:
001-37470

 
 
TransUnion
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
Delaware
 
61-1678417
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
555 West Adams, Chicago, IL
 
60661
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
312-985-2000
(Registrants’ telephone number, including area code)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
 
 
Yes      ¨
No  x
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
 
 
Yes  x    No  ¨
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
 
 
Large accelerated filer
 
¨
 
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
x  
 
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
 
 
Yes  ¨    No  x
 
 
The number of shares of registrants’ common stock outstanding as of July 31, 2015, was 182,219,695.





TRANSUNION
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
QUARTER ENDED JUNE 30, 2015
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
TRANSUNION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in millions, except per share data)
 
June 30,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
 
Unaudited
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
758.0

 
$
77.9

Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance of $3.2 and $2.4
228.8

 
200.4

Other current assets
117.2

 
122.7

Total current assets
1,104.0

 
401.0

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $148.4 and $123.4
183.9

 
181.4

Goodwill, net
2,004.2

 
2,023.9

Other intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $512.9 and $407.8
1,849.6

 
1,939.6

Other assets
112.5

 
119.9

Total assets
$
5,254.2

 
$
4,665.8

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Trade accounts payable
$
108.3

 
$
106.5

Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt
1,029.4

 
74.0

Other current liabilities
147.1

 
149.4

Total current liabilities
1,284.8

 
329.9

Long-term debt
1,851.6

 
2,865.9

Deferred taxes
641.6

 
676.8

Other liabilities
26.9

 
22.1

Total liabilities
3,804.9

 
3,894.7

Redeemable noncontrolling interests
15.2

 
23.4

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 100.0 million shares authorized at June 30, 2015 and no shares authorized at December 31, 2014, and no shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 1.0 billion shares and 200.0 million shares authorized at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, 182.9 million and 148.5 million shares issued at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, and 182.2 million shares and 147.9 million shares outstanding as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
1.8

 
1.5

Additional paid-in capital
1,857.2

 
1,137.6

Treasury stock at cost; 0.7 million shares at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014
(4.3
)
 
(4.3
)
Accumulated deficit
(439.4
)
 
(430.2
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(143.7
)
 
(117.5
)
Total TransUnion stockholders’ equity
1,271.6

 
587.1

Noncontrolling interests
162.5

 
160.6

Total stockholders’ equity
1,434.1

 
747.7

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
5,254.2

 
$
4,665.8

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

3


TRANSUNION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) (Unaudited)
(in millions, except per share data)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30,
 
Six Months Ended 
 June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue
$
378.5

 
$
327.5

 
$
731.6

 
$
630.9

Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of services (exclusive of depreciation and amortization below)
131.5

 
132.9

 
257.1

 
254.0

Selling, general and administrative
127.0

 
106.9

 
248.9

 
202.9

Depreciation and amortization
68.6

 
55.3

 
137.7

 
106.8

Total operating expenses
327.1

 
295.1

 
643.7

 
563.7

Operating income
51.4

 
32.4

 
87.9

 
67.2

Non-operating income and expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(44.9
)
 
(50.0
)
 
(89.6
)
 
(100.8
)
Interest income
1.2

 
0.7

 
2.1

 
1.2

Earnings from equity method investments
2.3

 
3.1

 
4.6

 
6.7

Other income and (expense), net
(5.3
)
 
48.0

 
(7.7
)
 
46.3

Total non-operating income and expense
(46.7
)
 
1.8

 
(90.6
)
 
(46.6
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
4.7

 
34.2

 
(2.7
)
 
20.6

Provision for income taxes
(5.1
)
 
(14.3
)
 
(2.1
)
 
(14.2
)
Net income (loss)
(0.4
)
 
19.9

 
(4.8
)
 
6.4

Less: net income attributable to the noncontrolling interests
(2.2
)
 
(2.0
)
 
(4.4
)
 
(3.2
)
Net income (loss) attributable to TransUnion
$
(2.6
)
 
$
17.9

 
$
(9.2
)
 
$
3.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.02
)
 
$
0.12

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.02

Diluted
$
(0.02
)
 
$
0.12

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.02

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
148.5

 
147.1

 
148.2

 
147.0

Diluted
148.5

 
147.9

 
148.2

 
147.6

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.


4


TRANSUNION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) (Unaudited)
(in millions)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30,
 
Six Months Ended 
 June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Net income (loss)
$
(0.4
)
 
$
19.9

 
$
(4.8
)
 
$
6.4

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
         Foreign currency translation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
               Foreign currency translation adjustment
(1.4
)
 
0.4

 
(28.7
)
 
(3.8
)
               Benefit (expense) for income taxes
1.2

 

 
1.3

 
(3.5
)
         Foreign currency translation, net
(0.2
)
 
0.4

 
(27.4
)
 
(7.3
)
         Interest rate swaps:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
               Net unrealized loss

 
(0.4
)
 

 
(0.6
)
               Amortization of accumulated loss
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.2

 
0.1

               Benefit (expense) for income taxes
(0.1
)
 
0.1

 
(0.1
)
 
0.2

         Interest rate swaps, net

 
(0.2
)
 
0.1

 
(0.3
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
(0.2
)
 
0.2

 
(27.3
)
 
(7.6
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
(0.6
)
 
20.1

 
(32.1
)
 
(1.2
)
Less: comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(0.7
)
 
0.1

 
(3.3
)
 
(1.3
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to TransUnion
$
(1.3
)
 
$
20.2

 
$
(35.4
)
 
$
(2.5
)
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.


5


TRANSUNION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(in millions)
 
 
Six Months Ended 
 June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
(4.8
)
 
$
6.4

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
137.7

 
106.8

Net loss (gain) on refinancing transactions
3.8

 
(32.7
)
Gain on fair value adjustment of equity method investments

 
(21.7
)
Impairment of cost method investments

 
4.5

Amortization and loss on fair value of interest rate swaps
0.9

 
0.7

Amortization of deferred financing fees
4.0

 
3.5

Stock-based compensation
5.2

 
4.2

Provision for losses on trade accounts receivable
1.6

 
0.9

Equity in net income of affiliates, net of dividends
(3.0
)
 
0.5

Deferred taxes
(11.2
)
 
6.5

Amortization of senior notes purchase accounting fair value adjustment and note discount
0.5

 
(6.2
)
Other
0.3

 
0.5

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Trade accounts receivable
(32.7
)
 
(24.4
)
Other current and long-term assets
7.2

 
0.7

Trade accounts payable
6.4

 
12.0

Other current and long-term liabilities
0.6

 
(16.6
)
Cash provided by operating activities
116.5

 
45.6

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(68.3
)
 
(74.3
)
Proceeds from sale of trading securities
0.6

 
1.1

Purchases of trading securities
(1.2
)
 
(1.8
)
Proceeds from sale of other investments
8.3

 

Purchases of other investments
(11.6
)
 

Acquisitions and purchases of noncontrolling interests, net of cash acquired
(13.8
)
 
(54.8
)
Acquisition-related deposits
9.1

 
8.8

Cash used in investing activities
(76.9
)
 
(121.0
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from senior secured term loan
1,881.0

 
1,895.3

Extinguishment of senior secured term loan
(1,881.0
)
 
(1,120.5
)
Extinguishment of 11.375% senior unsecured notes

 
(645.0
)
Proceeds from senior secured revolving line of credit
35.0

 
28.5

Payments of senior secured revolving line of credit
(85.0
)
 
(28.5
)
Repayments of debt
(14.4
)
 
(10.4
)
Proceeds from initial public offering
764.5

 

Underwriter fees and other costs on initial public offering
(49.4
)
 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock and exercise of stock options
2.0

 
1.7

Debt financing fees
(8.7
)
 
(61.9
)
Treasury stock purchases

 
(0.1
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(1.9
)
 
(1.4
)
Other

 
0.1

Cash provided by financing activities
642.1

 
57.8

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(1.6
)
 
(0.4
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
680.1

 
(18.0
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
77.9

 
111.2

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
758.0

 
$
93.2

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6


TRANSUNION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited)
(in millions)
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Paid-In Capital
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Non-controlling Interests
 
Total
 
Redeemable
Non-
controlling
Interests
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance December 31, 2014
 
147.9

 
$
1.5

 
$
1,137.6

 
$
(4.3
)
 
$
(430.2
)
 
$
(117.5
)
 
$
160.6

 
$
747.7

 
$
23.4

Net income (loss)
 

 

 

 

 
(9.2
)
 

 
4.3

 
(4.9
)
 
0.1

Other comprehensive loss
 

 

 

 

 

 
(26.2
)
 
(1.0
)
 
(27.2
)
 
(0.1
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1.6
)
 
(1.6
)
 
(0.3
)
Reclassification of redeemable noncontrolling interest
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
0.2

 
0.2

 
(0.2
)
Adjustment of redeemable noncontrolling interest
 

 

 
(2.7
)
 

 

 

 

 
(2.7
)
 
2.7

Purchase of noncontrolling interests
 

 

 
(0.1
)
 

 

 

 

 
(0.1
)
 
(10.4
)
Excess tax benefit
 

 

 
0.4

 

 

 

 

 
0.4

 

Stock-based compensation
 

 

 
5.2

 

 

 

 

 
5.2

 

Initial public offering
 
34.0


0.3


714.8










715.1



Issuance of stock
 

 

 
0.4

 

 

 

 

 
0.4

 

Exercise of stock options
 
0.3

 

 
1.6

 

 

 

 

 
1.6

 

Balance June 30, 2015
 
182.2

 
$
1.8

 
$
1,857.2

 
$
(4.3
)
 
$
(439.4
)
 
$
(143.7
)
 
$
162.5

 
$
1,434.1

 
$
15.2

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.


7


TRANSUNION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
1. Significant Accounting and Reporting Policies
Basis of Presentation
Any reference in this report to "the Company", “we", “us”, and “our” refers to TransUnion (formerly known as TransUnion Holding Company, Inc.) and its direct and indirect subsidiaries.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of TransUnion have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. The operating results of TransUnion for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2015. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 30, 2015.
Initial Public Offering
On June 30, 2015, we completed our initial public offering ("IPO") of our common stock. The proceeds, net of underwriter fees and commission, and costs incurred in connection with the IPO, were recorded in additional paid-in capital. The IPO costs consisted primarily of legal fees, accounting fees and printing fees. See Note 9, "Stockholders' Equity" for further discussion on the IPO.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements of TransUnion include the accounts of TransUnion and all of its majority-owned or controlled subsidiaries. Investments in unconsolidated entities in which the Company has at least a 20% ownership interest, or where it is able to exercise significant influence, are accounted for using the equity method. Nonmarketable investments in unconsolidated entities in which the Company has less than a 20% ownership interest, or where it is not able to exercise significant influence, are accounted for using the cost method and are periodically reviewed for impairment.
Change in Accounting Estimate
Effective July 1, 2014, we revised the remaining useful lives of certain internal use software, equipment, leasehold improvement and corporate headquarters facility assets to align with the expected completion dates of our strategic initiatives to transform our technology infrastructure and corporate headquarters facility. As a result, depreciation and amortization expense increased by $6.9 million and $14.9 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively. The net-of-tax impact of this change decreased net income attributable to TransUnion by $4.3 million or $0.03 per share, and $9.5 million or $0.06 per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively.
Reclassifications
We have reclassified certain prior period items, which are not material, to conform to the current year’s presentation.
Subsequent Events
Events and transactions occurring through the date of issuance of the financial statements have been evaluated by management and, when appropriate, recognized or disclosed in the financial statements or notes to the consolidated financial statements. See Note 13, "Subsequent Events" for information about our debt refinancing transaction occurring after the balance sheet date.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
There are no recent accounting pronouncements that have been adopted.

8


Recent Accounting Pronouncement Not Yet Adopted
On May 28, 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). This comprehensive guidance will replace all existing revenue recognition guidance and is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods therein. We are currently assessing the impact this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.
On June 19, 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-12, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Accounting for Share-Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide That a Performance Target Could Be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period. This update clarifies the accounting for share-based awards with performance targets and is effective for years beginning after December 15, 2015. We are currently assessing the impact this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.
On April 7, 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30). Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The update requires debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct reduction of the carrying amount of the corresponding debt. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods therein. Early adoption is permitted. The impact of this guidance will reduce the net carrying value of debt disclosed in our consolidated balance sheet.
2. Fair Value
The following table summarizes financial instruments measured at fair value, on a recurring basis, as of June 30, 2015:
(in millions)
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trading securities
 
$
11.6

 
$
7.4

 
$
4.2

 
$

Available for sale securities
 
3.0

 

 
3.0

 

Total
 
$
14.6

 
$
7.4

 
$
7.2

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent obligation
 
$
(5.3
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
(5.3
)
Interest rate swaps
 
(2.7
)
 

 
(2.7
)
 

Total
 
$
(8.0
)
 
$

 
$
(2.7
)
 
$
(5.3
)
Level 1 instruments consist of exchange-traded mutual funds. Exchange-traded mutual funds are trading securities valued at their current market prices. These securities relate to a nonqualified deferred compensation plan held in trust for the benefit of plan participants.
Level 2 instruments consist of pooled separate accounts, foreign exchange-traded corporate bonds and interest rate swaps. Pooled separate accounts are designated as trading securities valued at net asset values. These securities relate to the nonqualified deferred compensation plan held in trust for the benefit of plan participants. Foreign exchange-traded corporate bonds are available-for-sale securities valued at their current quoted prices. These securities mature between 2027 and 2033. Interest rate swaps fair values are determined using standard valuation models with market-based observable inputs including forward and spot exchange rates and interest rate curves. See Note 8, “Debt” for additional information regarding interest rate swaps.
Unrealized gains and losses on trading securities are included in net income, while unrealized gains and losses on available for sale securities are included in other comprehensive income. There were no significant realized or unrealized gains or losses on our securities for any of the periods presented.
Level 3 instruments consist of contingent obligations related to acquisitions with maximum payouts totaling $19.5 million. These obligations are contingent upon meeting certain performance requirements in 2015 and 2016. The fair values of these obligations were determined based on an income approach, using our current expectations of the future earnings of the acquired entities. We assess the fair value of these obligations each reporting period with any changes reflected as gains or losses in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of income. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we recorded expenses of $0.2 million and $0.6 million, respectively, as a result of changes to the fair value of these obligations.

9


3. Other Current Assets
Other current assets consisted of the following:
(in millions)
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Prepaid expenses
 
$
48.9

 
$
43.4

Deferred income tax assets
 
39.6

 
51.2

Other investments
 
11.6

 
8.8

Deferred financing fees
 
8.8

 
8.2

Marketable securities
 
3.0

 
3.0

Income taxes receivable
 
1.1

 
2.8

Other
 
4.2

 
5.3

Total other current assets
 
$
117.2

 
$
122.7

Other investments are non-negotiable certificates of deposit of which the majority are in denominations of greater than $0.1 million. As of June 30, 2015, these investments were recorded at their carrying value.
4. Other Assets
Other assets consisted of the following:
(in millions)
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Investments in affiliated companies
 
$
57.1

 
$
52.8

Deferred financing fees
 
22.4

 
25.8

Other investments
 
15.1

 
18.8

Marketable securities
 
11.6

 
10.9

Deposits
 
1.8

 
11.5

Other
 
4.5

 
0.1

Total other assets
 
$
112.5

 
$
119.9

Other investments include non-negotiable certificates of deposit of which the majority are in denominations of greater than $0.1 million. As of June 30, 2015, these investments were recorded at their carrying value.
5. Investments in Affiliated Companies
Investments in affiliated companies represent our investment in non-consolidated domestic and foreign entities. These entities are in businesses similar to ours, such as credit reporting, credit scoring and credit monitoring services. These investments are included in other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.
We use the equity method to account for investments in affiliates where we have at least a 20% ownership interest or where we are able to exercise significant influence. For these investments, we adjust the carrying value for our proportionate share of the affiliates’ earnings, losses and distributions, as well as for purchases and sales of our ownership interest.
We use the cost method to account for nonmarketable investments in affiliates where we have less than a 20% ownership interest or where we are not able to exercise significant influence. For these investments, we adjust the carrying value for purchases and sales of our ownership interests.
For all investments, we adjust the carrying value if we determine that an other-than-temporary impairment has occurred. There were no impairments of investments in affiliated companies during the six months ended June 30, 2015. During the second quarter of 2014, we incurred an other-than-temporary impairment of $4.5 million on a cost method investment that was recorded in our USIS segment. This investment was liquidated in the third quarter of 2014.

10


Investments in affiliated companies consisted of the following:
(in millions)
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Total equity method investments
 
$
52.1

 
$
51.9

Total cost method investments
 
5.0

 
0.9

Total investments in affiliated companies
 
$
57.1

 
$
52.8

Earnings from equity method investments, which are included in other income and expense, and dividends received from equity method investments consisted of the following:
(in millions)
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30, 2015
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30, 2014
 
Six Months Ended 
 June 30, 2015
 
Six Months Ended 
 June 30, 2014
Earnings from equity method investments
 
$
2.3

 
$
3.1

 
$
4.6

 
$
6.7

Dividends received from equity method investments
 
$
0.2

 
$
6.9

 
$
1.6

 
$
7.2

Dividends received from cost method investments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2014, was $0.3 million and $0.5 million, respectively.
6. Other Current Liabilities
Other current liabilities consisted of the following:

(in millions)
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Accrued payroll
 
$
63.0

 
$
71.5

Accrued interest
 
20.6

 
20.5

Accrued legal and regulatory
 
16.5

 
17.8

Accrued employee benefits
 
13.1

 
13.0

Deferred revenue
 
8.6

 
8.6

Other
 
25.3

 
18.0

Total other current liabilities
 
$
147.1

 
$
149.4

7. Other Liabilities
Other liabilities consisted of the following:
(in millions)
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Retirement benefits
 
$
11.5

 
$
10.8

Unrecognized tax benefits
 
0.2

 
0.3

Other
 
15.2

 
11.0

Total other liabilities
 
$
26.9

 
$
22.1


11


8. Debt
Debt outstanding consisted of the following:
(in millions)
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Senior Secured Term Loan B, payable in quarterly installments through April 9, 2021, including variable interest (3.75% at June 30, 2015) at LIBOR or alternate base rate, plus applicable margin, including original discount of $8.0 million and $4.3 million at June 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, respectively
 
$
1,868.3

 
$
1,881.5

Senior secured revolving line of credit, due on June 30, 2020, variable interest (2.49% at June 30, 2015) at LIBOR or alternate base rate, plus applicable margin
 

 
50.0

9.625% Senior Notes - Senior unsecured PIK toggle notes, semi-annual interest payments, 9.625% fixed interest per annum
 
600.0

 
600.0

8.125% Senior Notes - Senior unsecured PIK toggle notes, semi-annual interest payments, 8.125% fixed interest per annum, including original issuance discount of $1.2 million and $1.3 million at June 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, respectively
 
398.8

 
398.7

Other notes payable
 
11.0

 
7.4

Capital lease obligations
 
2.9

 
2.3

Total debt
 
2,881.0

 
2,939.9

Less short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt
 
(1,029.4
)
 
(74.0
)
Total long-term debt
 
$
1,851.6

 
$
2,865.9

Excluding potential additional principal payments due on the senior secured credit facility based on excess cash flows of the prior year, scheduled future maturities of total debt at June 30, 2015, were as follows: 
(in millions)
June 30, 2015
2015
$
1,018.2

2016
23.1

2017
19.8

2018
19.2

2019
19.1

Thereafter
1,790.8

Unamortized discounts on term loan and notes
(9.2
)
Total
$
2,881.0


Senior Secured Credit Facility
On June 15, 2010, the Company entered into a senior secured credit facility with various lenders. The senior secured credit facility consists of a senior secured term loan and a senior secured revolving line of credit. In June 2015, the Company entered into amendments to refinance the senior secured credit facility with a new $1,881.0 million term loan ("Senior Secured Term Loan B") and a new $350.0 million five-year senior secured term loan ("Senior Secured Term Loan A") drawn in July 2015. Among other things, the amendments lowered the interest rate floor and modified the step-down interest rate margin based on achieving certain total leverage ratios and senior secured net leverage ratios. The amendments also refinanced the existing revolving line of credit with a five-year $210.0 million revolving line of credit. For more information on the borrowing and use of the Senior Secured Term Loan A proceeds see Note 13 "Subsequent Events." Collectively these amendments resulted in $3.8 million of expense recorded in other income and expense in the consolidated statements of income.
Interest rates on the refinanced Senior Secured Term Loan B are based on the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") unless otherwise elected, and subject to a floor of 0.75%, plus a margin of 2.75% or 3.00% depending on our senior secured net leverage ratio. The Company is required to make principal payments of 0.25% of the 2014 refinanced principal balance at the end of each quarter, with the remaining balance due April 9, 2021. The Company is also required to make additional payments based on excess cash flows, as defined in the agreement, of the prior year. There were no excess cash flows for 2014 and therefore no payment was required in 2015. Depending on the senior secured net leverage ratio for the year, a principal payment of between zero and fifty percent of the excess cash flows will be due the following year.

12


Interest rates on Senior Secured Term Loan A are based on LIBOR unless otherwise elected, plus a margin of 2.00% or 2.25% depending on our total leverage ratio. The Company is required to make principal payments of 1.25% of the original principal balance at the end of each quarter, with the remaining balance due June 30, 2020.
Interest rates on the refinanced senior secured revolving line of credit are based on LIBOR unless otherwise elected, and is currently LIBOR, plus a margin of 2.00% or 2.25% depending on our total net leverage ratio. There is a 0.30% or 0.375% annual commitment fee, depending on our total net leverage ratio, payable quarterly based on the undrawn portion of the senior secured revolving line of credit. The commitment under the senior secured revolving line of credit expires on June 30, 2020.
The Company repaid borrowings on its senior secured revolving line of credit of $85.0 million during the second quarter of 2015.
With certain exceptions, the obligations are secured by a first-priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of Trans Union LLC, including its investment in subsidiaries. The senior secured credit facility contains various restrictions and nonfinancial covenants, along with a senior secured net leverage ratio test. The nonfinancial covenants include restrictions on dividends, investments, dispositions, future borrowings and other specified payments, as well as additional reporting and disclosure requirements. We are in compliance with all of the loan covenants.
On April 9, 2014, we refinanced and amended the senior secured credit facility and on May 9, 2014 used the additional proceeds from the refinance to redeem the entire $645.0 million outstanding balance of the 11.375% notes issued by Trans Union LLC and its wholly-owned subsidiary, TransUnion Financing Corporation, including a prepayment premium and unpaid accrued interest through June 15, 2014. We refer to these transactions collectively as the "2014 Refinancing Transaction."
On April 30, 2012, we entered into swap agreements that effectively fixed the interest payments on a portion of the then existing senior secured term loan at 2.033%, plus the applicable margin, beginning March 28, 2013. Under the swap agreements, which we had designated as cash flow hedges, we pay a fixed rate of interest of 2.033% and receive a variable rate of interest equal to the greater of 1.50% or the three month LIBOR. The net amount paid or received was recorded as an adjustment to interest expense. As a result of the April 9, 2014, senior secured credit facility amendment, the swaps were no longer expected to be highly effective and no longer qualify for hedge accounting. The total fair value of the swap instruments as of April 9, 2014, of $1.6 million was recorded in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet. The corresponding net of tax loss of $1.0 million was recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income and is being amortized to interest expense on a straight-line basis through December 29, 2017, the remaining life of the swaps. Changes in the fair value of the swaps after April 9, 2014, are being recorded in other income and expense. The change in the fair value of the swaps resulted in a gain of $0.2 million and a loss of $0.7 million for the three-months and six-months ended June 30, 2015, respectively.

9.625% Senior Notes
On March 21, 2012, the Company issued $600.0 million principal amount of 9.625%/10.375% senior unsecured PIK toggle notes (“9.625% Senior Notes”) due June 15, 2018, in a private placement to certain investors. Pursuant to an exchange offer completed in October 2012, these notes were subsequently registered with the SEC. For more information on the redemption of these notes see Note 13 "Subsequent Events".

8.125% Senior Notes
On November 1, 2012, the Company issued $400.0 million principal amount of 8.125%/8.875% senior unsecured PIK toggle notes (“8.125% Senior Notes” and together with the 9.625% Senior Notes, the "senior unsecured PIK toggle notes") due June 15, 2018, at an offering price of 99.5% in a private placement to certain investors. Pursuant to an exchange offer completed in August 2013, these notes were subsequently registered with the SEC. For more information on the redemption of these notes see Note 13 "Subsequent Events".

Fair Value of Debt
The estimated fair values of our 9.625% and 8.125% Senior Notes as of June 30, 2015, were $601.8 million and $409.3 million, respectively, compared with book values of $600.0 million and $398.8 million, respectively. The fair values of these fixed-rate notes, as determined under Level 2 of the fair-value hierarchy, are measured using quoted market prices of these publicly traded securities. The book value of our variable-rate debt approximates its fair value. The estimated fair value of our debt do not represent the actual settlement value due to redemption premiums and prepayment penalties that we may incurred in connection with extinguishing our debt in July of 2015. For more information on the redemption of these notes see Note 13 "Subsequent Events".

13


9. Stockholders' Equity
Stock Split
On June 4, 2015, in anticipation of our IPO, our board of directors authorized and we effected a 1.333 to 1 stock split of our common stock. All periods presented in these financial statements reflect this split. The impact of the split resulted in a reclassification of the beginning balance of additional paid-in capital to common stock.
Authorization of additional Common Stock and Preferred Stock
The Company’s Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation became effective as of June 24, 2015. The amendment, among other things, provides that the Company’s authorized capital stock consists of 1.0 billion shares of common stock and 100.0 million shares of preferred stock. No preferred stock has been issued or is outstanding as of June 30, 2015.
Initial Public Offering
On June 30, 2015, we completed our initial public offering of 33,977,273 shares including 4,431,818 shares pursuant to the underwriters' option to purchase additional shares, at a public offering price of $22.50 per share. Proceeds from the IPO, net of underwriting fees and commissions and estimated costs payable by us, were approximately $715.1 million.
10. Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share represents income available to common stockholders divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the reported period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the effect of the increase in shares outstanding determined by using the treasury stock method for awards issued under our long-term incentive stock plans.
As of June 30, 2015, 3.9 million outstanding service-based stock awards were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation because they were anti-dilutive since we reported a net loss in both the three- and six-month periods. In addition, 6.5 million outstanding contingently issuable market-based stock awards were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation because the market conditions had not been met.
As of June 30, 2014, 0.9 million outstanding service-based stock awards were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation because they were anti-dilutive. In addition, 6.2 million outstanding contingently issuable market-based stock awards were excluded from the earnings per share calculation because the market conditions had not been met.
Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding and earnings per share were as follows:
(in millions, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30, 2015
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30, 2014
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2015
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share - basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings available to common shareholders
 
$
(2.6
)
 
$
17.9

 
$
(9.2
)
 
$
3.2

Weighted average basic shares outstanding
 
148.5

 
147.1

 
148.2

 
147.0

Earnings per share - basic
 
$
(0.02
)
 
$
0.12

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.02

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share - diluted
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings available to common shareholders
 
$
(2.6
)
 
$
17.9

 
$
(9.2
)
 
$
3.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average basic shares outstanding
 
148.5

 
147.1

 
148.2

 
147.0

Dilutive impact of stock based awards
 

 
0.8

 

 
0.6

Weighted average dilutive shares outstanding
 
148.5

 
147.9

 
148.2

 
147.6

Earnings per share - diluted
 
$
(0.02
)
 
$
0.12

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.02


14


11. Income Taxes
Effective January 1, 2015, the look-through provision under subpart F of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code expired. Consequently, in both periods presented, we recorded tax expense for the U.S. income tax we would incur in the absence of the look-through rule. This rule requires U.S. corporate shareholders to recognize current U.S. taxable income from passive income, including dividends, earned by certain foreign subsidiaries, regardless of whether that income is remitted to the United States. The look-through rule grants an exception to this recognition for subsidiary passive income attributable to an active business. When it is not in effect, we are required to accrue a tax liability for certain foreign earnings as if those earnings were distributed to the United States.
For the three months ended June 30, 2015, we reported an effective tax rate of 108.1%, which was higher than the 35% U.S. federal statutory rate due primarily to the expiration of the look-through rule, tax expenses on unremitted foreign earnings not considered permanently reinvested, and the impact of valuation allowances on the losses of certain foreign subsidiaries. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, we reported a loss before income taxes and an effective tax rate of (79.8)%, which was different than the 35% U.S. federal statutory rate due primarily to these same reasons.
For the three months ended June 30, 2014, we reported an effective tax rate of 41.9%, which was higher than the 35% U.S. federal statutory rate due primarily to the expiration of the look-through rule and changes in state income tax rates. For the six months ended June 30, 2014, we reported an effective tax rate of 68.9%, which was higher than the 35% U.S. federal statutory rate due primarily to the expiration of the look-through rule, tax expense on foreign earnings not considered permanently reinvested, increased tax on foreign dividends and an increase in the state income tax rate.

The total amount of unrecognized tax benefits was $1.9 million as of both June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, and these same amounts would affect the effective tax rate, if recognized. The accrued interest payable for taxes as of June 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014, was $1.1 million and $0.9 million, respectively. There was no significant liability for tax penalties as of June 30, 2015 or December 31, 2014. We are regularly audited by federal, state and foreign taxing authorities. Given the uncertainties inherent in the audit process, it is reasonably possible that certain audits could result in a significant increase or decrease in the total amounts of unrecognized tax benefits. An estimate of the range of the increase or decrease in unrecognized tax benefits due to audit results cannot be made at this time. As of June 30, 2015, tax years 2006 and forward remained open for examination in some state and foreign jurisdictions and tax years 2009 and forward remained open for federal purposes. The Internal Revenue Service issued its final Revenue Agent’s Report to the Company during December 2014 for its audit of the 2009 through 2011 tax years. We evaluated the issues raised and, where appropriate, made adjustments where we determined that we did not have a more likely than not probability of prevailing upon appeal.


15


12. Operating Segments
Operating segments are businesses for which separate financial information is available and evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources. This segment financial information is reported on the basis that is used for the internal evaluation of operating performance. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as described in Note 1, “Significant Accounting and Reporting Policies” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
We evaluate the performance of segments based on revenue and operating income. The following is a more detailed description of the three operating segments and the Corporate unit, which provides support services to each operating segment:
U.S. Information Services
U.S. Information Services (“USIS”) provides consumer reports, risk scores, analytical services and decisioning capabilities to businesses. These businesses use our services to acquire new customers, assess consumer ability to pay for services, identify cross selling opportunities, measure and manage debt portfolio risk, collect debt, verify consumer identities and investigate potential fraud. The core capabilities and delivery platforms in our USIS segment allow us to serve a broad set of customers and business issues. We offer our services to customers in the financial services, insurance, healthcare and other industries.
International
The International segment provides services similar to our USIS segment to businesses in select regions outside the United States. Depending on the maturity of the credit economy in each country, these services may include credit reports, analytics and decisioning services and other value-added risk management services. In addition, we have insurance, business and automotive databases in select geographies. These services are offered to customers in a number of industries including financial services, insurance, automotive, collections and communications, and are delivered through both direct and indirect channels. The International segment also provides consumer services similar to those offered by our Consumer Interactive segment that help consumers proactively manage their personal finances.
Consumer Interactive
Consumer Interactive offers solutions that help consumers manage their personal finances and take precautions against identity theft. Services in this segment include credit reports and scores, credit monitoring, fraud protection and resolution and financial management. Our products are provided through user friendly online and mobile interfaces and are supported by educational content and customer support.
Corporate
Corporate provides shared services for the Company and conducts enterprise functions. Certain costs incurred in Corporate that are not directly attributable to one or more of the operating segments remain in Corporate. These costs are typically for enterprise-level functions and are primarily administrative in nature.

16


Selected financial information consisted of the following:
(in millions)
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30, 2015
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30, 2014
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2015
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
USIS
 
$
238.7

 
 
$
209.2

 
 
$
463.2

 
 
$
405.4

 
International
 
67.5

 
 
63.7

 
 
131.1

 
 
118.4

 
Consumer Interactive
 
75.6

 
 
57.6

 
 
143.6

 
 
112.7

 
Total revenues, gross
 
381.8


 
330.5

 
 
737.9

 
 
636.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intersegment eliminations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
USIS
 
(2.5
)
 
 
(2.4
)
 
 
(4.8
)
 
 
(4.5
)
 
International
 
(0.8
)
 
 
(0.5
)
 
 
(1.5
)
 
 
(1.0
)
 
Consumer Interactive
 

 
 
(0.1
)
 
 

 
 
(0.1
)
 
Total intersegment eliminations
 
(3.3
)
 
 
(3.0
)
 
 
(6.3
)
 
 
(5.6
)
 
Total revenues, net
 
$
378.5

 
 
$
327.5

 
 
$
731.6

 
 
$
630.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
USIS
 
$
43.9

 
 
$
27.7

 
 
$
77.2

 
 
$
61.6

 
International
 
1.9

 
 
4.7

 
 
4.6

 
 
7.2

 
Consumer Interactive
 
27.6

 
 
18.4

 
 
48.9

 
 
35.4

 
Corporate
 
(22.0
)
 
 
(18.4
)
 
 
(42.8
)
 
 
(37.0
)
 
Total operating income
 
51.4

 
 
32.4

 
 
87.9

 
 
67.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intersegment eliminations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
USIS
 
(2.1
)
 
 
(2.0
)
 
 
(4.1
)
 
 
(3.8
)
 
International
 
(0.5
)
 
 
(0.1
)
 
 
(0.9
)
 
 
(0.2
)
 
Consumer Interactive
 
2.6

 
 
2.1

 
 
5.0

 
 
4.0

 
Total
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Total operating income
 
$
51.4

 
 
$
32.4

 

$
87.9

 
 
$
67.2

 

A reconciliation of operating income to income (loss) before income taxes for the periods ended as presented was as follows:
(in millions)
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30, 2015
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30, 2014
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2015
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2014
Operating income from segments
 
$
51.4

 
$
32.4

 
$
87.9

 
$
67.2

Non-operating income and expense
 
(46.7
)
 
1.8

 
(90.6
)
 
(46.6
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
 
$
4.7

 
$
34.2

 
$
(2.7
)
 
$
20.6


17


Earnings from equity method investments included in non-operating income and expense, for the periods presented were as follows:
 
(in millions)
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30, 2015
 
Three Months Ended 
 June 30, 2014
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2015
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2014
USIS
 
$
0.5

 
$
0.4

 
$
0.9

 
$
0.7

International
 
1.8

 
2.7

 
3.7

 
6.0

Consumer Interactive
 

 

 

 

Total
 
$
2.3

 
$
3.1

 
$
4.6

 
$
6.7


18


13. Subsequent Events
On July 14, 2015, we drew $350.0 million against our Senior Secured Term Loan A. On July 15, 2015, we used these proceeds along with proceeds from our IPO to redeem our senior unsecured PIK toggle notes, including unpaid accrued interest and early redemption premium. The redemptions are expected to result in a loss of approximately $34 million that will be recorded in the consolidated statement of income in the third quarter of 2015. The loss includes the write-off of unamortized deferred debt fees and discounts, and an early redemption premium.    

19


ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
References in this discussion and analysis to "the Company”, “we”, “our”, “us”, and “its'” are to TransUnion and its consolidated subsidiaries, collectively.
The following discussion and analysis of TransUnion's financial condition and results of operations is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, TransUnion's audited consolidated financial statements, the accompanying notes, “Risk Factors”, and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, as well as the unaudited consolidated financial statements and the related notes presented in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
In addition to historical data, this discussion contains forward-looking statements about our business, operations and financial performance based on current expectations that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to those discussed in “Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-Looking Statements”, and Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”
Overview
TransUnion is a leading global risk and information solutions provider to businesses and consumers. We provide consumer reports, risk scores, analytical services and decisioning capabilities to businesses. Businesses embed our solutions into their process workflows to acquire new customers, assess consumer ability to pay for services, identify cross-selling opportunities, measure and manage debt portfolio risk, collect debt, verify consumer identities and investigate potential fraud. Consumers use our solutions to view their credit profiles and access analytical tools that help them understand and manage their personal information and take precautions against identity theft. We are differentiated by our comprehensive and unique datasets, our next-generation technology and our analytics and decisioning capabilities, which enable us to deliver insights across the entire consumer lifecycle. We believe we are the largest provider of risk and information solutions in the United States to possess both nationwide consumer credit data and comprehensive, diverse public records data, which allows us to better predict behaviors, assess risk and address a broader set of business issues for our customers. We have deep domain expertise across a number of attractive industries, sometimes referred to as verticals, including financial services, insurance and healthcare. We have a global presence in over 30 countries across North America, Africa, Latin America and Asia.
We obtain financial, credit, alternative credit, identity, bankruptcy, lien, judgment, insurance claims, automotive and other relevant information from an average of 90,000 data sources, including financial institutions, private databases and public records repositories. We refine, standardize and enhance this data using sophisticated algorithms to create proprietary databases. Our deep analytics expertise, which includes our people as well as tools such as predictive modeling and scoring, customer segmentation, benchmarking and forecasting, enables businesses and consumers to gain better insights into their risk and financial data. Our decisioning capabilities, which are generally delivered on a software-as-a-service platform, allows businesses to interpret data and apply their specific qualifying criteria to make decisions and take action with respect to their customers. Collectively, our data, analytics and decisioning capabilities allow businesses to authenticate the identity of consumers, effectively determine the most relevant products for consumers, retain and cross-sell to existing consumers, identify and acquire new consumers and reduce loss from fraud. Similarly, our capabilities allow consumers to see how their credit profiles have changed over time, understand the impact of financial decisions on their credit score and manage their personal information as well as to take precautions against identity theft.
Segments
We manage our business and report our financial results in three operating segments: USIS, International and Consumer Interactive.
USIS provides consumer reports, risk scores, analytical services and decisioning services to businesses. These businesses use our services to acquire new customers, assess consumer ability to pay for services, identify cross-selling opportunities, measure and manage debt portfolio risk, collect debt, verify consumer identities and investigate potential fraud. The core capabilities and delivery platforms in our USIS segment allow us to serve a broad set of customers and business issues. We offer our services to customers in financial services, insurance, healthcare and other industries.
The International segment provides services similar to our USIS segment to businesses in select regions outside the United States. Depending on the maturity of the credit economy in each country, services may include credit reports, analytics and decisioning services and other value-added risk management services. In addition, we have insurance, business and automotive databases in select geographies. These services are offered to customers in a number of industries including financial services, insurance, automotive, collections and communications, and are delivered

20


through both direct and indirect channels. The International segment also provides consumer services similar to those offered by our Consumer Interactive segment that help consumers proactively manage their personal finances.
Consumer Interactive offers solutions that help consumers manage their personal finances and take precautions against identity theft. Services in this segment include credit reports and scores, credit monitoring, fraud protection and resolution and financial management. Our products are provided through user friendly online and mobile interfaces and supported by educational content and customer support.
In addition, Corporate provides shared services for the Company and conducts enterprise functions. Certain costs incurred in Corporate that are not directly attributable to one or more of the operating segments remain in Corporate. These costs are typically for enterprise-level functions and are primarily administrative in nature.
Factors Affecting Our Results of Operations
The following are certain key factors that affect, or have recently affected, our results of operations:
Macroeconomic and Industry Trends
Our revenues are significantly influenced by general macroeconomic conditions, including the availability of affordable credit and capital, interest rates, inflation, employment levels, consumer confidence and housing demand. Since the beginning of 2014, we have seen continuing signs of improved economic conditions and increased market stabilization. In the United States, we also saw improvement in the consumer lending market, including mortgage refinancings resulting from low long-term mortgage rates, an improving housing market, increased auto loans, a decrease in unemployment, an increase in consumer confidence and an increase in demand for our marketing services. The economic and market improvements were tempered by continuing concern about economic conditions that has limited consumer spending and has put pressure on growth in our businesses. Also, the continuing strengthening of the U.S. dollar has diminished the operating results reported by our International segment compared with the prior year. In addition, during the first quarter of 2014, North America had several weeks of extreme cold weather conditions, which negatively impacted revenue for that quarter.
Our revenues are also significantly influenced by industry trends, including the demand for information services in financial services, insurance, healthcare and other industries we serve. Companies are increasingly relying on business analytics and big-data technologies to help process this data in a cost-efficient manner. As customers have gained the ability to rapidly aggregate and analyze data generated by their own activities, they are increasingly expecting access to real-time data and analytics from their information providers as well as solutions that fully integrate into their workflows. As economies in emerging markets continue to develop and mature, we believe there will continue to be favorable socio-economic trends, such as an increase in the size of the middle class and a significant increase in the use of financial services by under-served and under-banked customers. Demand for consumer solutions is rising with higher consumer awareness of the importance and usage of their credit information, increased risk of identity theft due to data breaches and more readily available free credit information. The increasing number and complexity of regulations, including new capital requirements and the Dodd-Frank Act, make operations for businesses more challenging.
Effects of Inflation
We do not believe that inflation has had a material effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.
Recent Developments
In June 2015, the Company entered into amendments to refinance the senior secured credit facility with a new $1,881.0 million term loan ("Senior Secured Term Loan B"). Among other things, the amendments lowered the interest rate floor and modified the step-down interest rate margin based on achieving certain total leverage ratios and senior secured net leverage ratios. The amendments also included a new $350.0 million five-year senior secured term loan ("Senior Secured Term Loan A") and refinanced the existing revolving line of credit with a five-year $210.0 million revolving line of credit.
On June 5, 2015, in anticipation of our initial public offering ("IPO"), our board of directors authorized and we effected a 1.333 to 1 stock split of our common stock. All periods presented in this report reflect the split.
On June 30, 2015, we completed our initial public offering of 33,977,273 shares, including 4,431,818 shares pursuant to the underwriters' option to purchase additional shares, at a public offering price of $22.50 per share. Proceeds from the IPO, net of underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us, were approximately $715.1 million. On July 15, 2015, we used the net proceeds, along with the $350.0 million borrowings on our new term loan A, to redeem all of the outstanding 9.625% and 8.125% Senior Notes, including a prepayment premium, accrued interest and certain transaction costs.

21


Recent Acquisitions and Partnerships
We selectively evaluate acquisitions and partnerships as a means to expand our business, increase our international footprint and enter into new markets.
During January 2015, we acquired the remaining equity interests in our two Brazilian subsidiaries, Data Solutions Serviços de Informática Ltda. (“ZipCode”) and Crivo Sistemas em Informática S.A. (“Crivo”). We will no longer record net income attributable to the noncontrolling interests in our consolidated statements of income or redeemable noncontrolling interests in our consolidated balance sheet from the date we acquired the remaining interests.
On November 12, 2014, we acquired an 87.5% ownership interest in Drivers History Information Sales, LLC ("DHI"). DHI collects traffic violation and criminal court data. The results of operations of DHI, which are not material, have been included as part of our USIS segment in our consolidated statements of income since the date of acquisition.
On October 17, 2014, we increased our equity interest in L2C, Inc. ("L2C") from 11.6% to 100%. L2C provides predictive analytics generally focused on the unbanked market using alternative data. The results of operations of L2C, which are not material, have been included as part of our USIS segment in our consolidated statements of income since the date we obtained control.
In 2014, we increased our equity interest in Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited (“CIBIL”) from 27.5% to 55.0%. This additional purchase gave us control and resulted in our consolidation of CIBIL. CIBIL's results of operations, which are not material, are included as part of our International segment in our consolidated statements of income since May 21, 2014, the date we obtained control.
Effective January 1, 2014, we acquired the remaining 30% equity interest in our Guatemala subsidiary, Trans Union Guatemala, S.A. (TransUnion Guatemala) from the minority shareholders. As a result of this acquisition, the Company no longer records net income attributable to noncontrolling interests for this subsidiary.
Key Components of Our Results of Operations
Revenue
We derive our USIS segment revenue from three operating platforms: Online Data Services, Marketing Services and Decision Services. Online Data Services encompass services delivered in real-time using both credit and public record datasets. We also provide online reports that link public record datasets for qualified businesses seeking to locate consumers, specific assets or investigate relationships among consumers, businesses and locations. Collectively, the reports, characteristics and scores, with variations tailored for specific industries, form the basis of Online Data Services. We also provide online services to help businesses manage fraud and authenticate a consumer’s identity when they initiate a new business relationship. Additionally, we provide data to businesses to help them satisfy “know your customer” compliance requirements and to confirm an individual’s identity. Marketing Services help our customers develop marketing lists of prospects via direct mail, web and mobile. Our databases are used by our customers to contact individuals to extend firm offers of credit or insurance. We provide portfolio review services, which are periodic reviews of our customers’ existing accounts, to help our customers develop cross-selling offers to their existing customers and monitor and manage risk in their existing consumer portfolios. We also provide trigger services which are daily notifications of changes to a consumer profile. Decision Services, our software-as-a-service offerings, includes a number of platforms that help businesses interpret data and predictive model results and apply their customer-specific criteria to facilitate real-time automated decisions at the time of customer interaction. Our customers use Decision Services to evaluate business risks and opportunities, including those associated with new consumer credit and checking accounts, insurance applications, account collection, patient registrations and apartment rental requests.
We report our International segment revenue in two categories: developed markets and emerging markets. Our developed markets are Canada and Hong Kong. Our emerging markets include Africa, Latin America, Asia Pacific and India.
Consumer Interactive offers solutions that help consumers manage their personal finances and take precautions against identity theft. Services in this segment include credit reports and scores, credit monitoring, fraud protection and resolution and financial management. Our products are provided through user friendly online and mobile interfaces and are supported by educational content and customer support.
Cost of Services
Costs of services include data acquisition and royalty fees, costs related to our databases and software applications, consumer and call center support costs, hardware and software maintenance costs, telecommunication expenses and occupancy costs associated with the facilities where these functions are performed.

22


Selling, General and Administrative
Selling, general and administrative expenses include personnel-related costs for sales, administrative and management employees, costs for professional and consulting services, advertising and occupancy and facilities expense of these functions.
Non-Operating Income and Expense
Non-operating income and expense includes interest expense, interest income, earnings from equity-method investments, dividends from cost-method investments, expenses related to successful and unsuccessful business acquisitions, loan fees, debt refinancing expenses, certain acquisition-related gains and losses and other non-operating income and expenses.
Results of Operations
Key Performance Measures
Management, including our chief operating decision maker, evaluates the financial performance of our businesses based on a variety of key indicators. These indicators include the non-GAAP measure Adjusted EBITDA and the GAAP measures revenue, cash provided by operating activities and cash paid for capital expenditures. In order to more closely align the definition of Adjusted EBITDA to the definition we use as a supplemental measure of our operating performance as well as the compensation measure under our incentive plan, we have included additional adjustments to our previously defined Adjusted EBITDA. Such additional adjustments consist of expenses for mergers and acquisitions integration, business optimization, our technology transformation project, operating expense tax matters, consulting study fees related to our strategic initiatives, stock-based compensation for stock appreciation rights and other expenses. All periods have been presented in the table below under our new definition of Adjusted EBITDA. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, these indicators were as follows:

23


 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
 
2015
 
2014
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
Revenue
 
$
378.5

 
$
327.5

 
$
51.0

 
15.6
 %
 
$
731.6

 
$
630.9

 
$
100.7

 
16.0
 %
Reconciliation of net income (loss) attributable to TransUnion to Adjusted EBITDA(1):
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to TransUnion
 
$
(2.6
)
 
$
17.9

 
$
(20.5
)
 
(114.7
)%
 
$
(9.2
)
 
$
3.2

 
$
(12.4
)
 
(386.6
)%
Net interest expense
 
43.7

 
49.2

 
(5.5
)
 
(11.2
)%
 
87.5

 
99.6

 
(12.1
)
 
(12.0
)%
Income tax (benefit) provision
 
5.1

 
14.3

 
(9.2
)
 
(64.5
)%
 
2.1

 
14.2

 
(12.1
)
 
(85.1
)%
Depreciation and amortization
 
68.6

 
55.3

 
13.3

 
24.2
 %
 
137.7

 
106.8

 
30.9

 
28.9
 %
EBITDA
 
114.8

 
136.7

 
(21.9
)
 
(16.0
)%
 
218.1

 
223.8

 
(5.7
)
 
(2.5
)%
Stock-based compensation(2)
 
8.4

 
3.7

 
4.7

 
128.6
 %
 
11.4

 
5.8

 
5.6

 
97.4
 %
Mergers, acquisitions, divestitures and business optimization(3)
 
1.3

 
(6.1
)
 
7.4

 
121.6
 %
 
1.8

 
(2.2
)
 
4.0

 
181.9
 %
Technology transformation project(4)
 
5.9

 
11.6

 
(5.7
)
 
(49.2
)%
 
11.6

 
12.6

 
(1.0
)
 
(7.5
)%
Other(5)
 
4.4

 
(29.7
)
 
34.1

 
115.1
 %
 
6.7

 
(28.3
)
 
35.0

 
123.5
 %
Total adjustments
 
20.0

 
(20.5
)
 
40.5

 
197.7
 %
 
31.5

 
(12.1
)
 
43.6

 
359.7
 %
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
 
$
134.8

 
$
116.2

 
$
18.6

 
16.0
 %
 
$
249.6

 
$
211.7

 
$
37.9

 
17.9
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other metrics:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash provided by operating activities
 
$
100.0

 
$
51.7

 
$
48.3

 
93.4
 %
 
$
116.5

 
$
45.6

 
$
70.9

 
155.5
 %
Capital expenditures
 
38.2

 
35.5

 
2.7

 
7.6
 %
 
68.3

 
74.3

 
(6.0
)
 
(8.1
)%
(1)
Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) attributable to the Company before net interest expense, income tax provision (benefit), depreciation and amortization and other adjustments noted in the table above. We present Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental measure of our operating performance because it eliminates the impact of certain items that we do not consider indicative of our cash operations and ongoing operating performance. Also, Adjusted EBITDA is a measure frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in their evaluation of the operating performance of companies similar to ours. In addition, our board of directors and executive management team use Adjusted EBITDA as a compensation measure under our incentive plan. Furthermore, under the credit agreement governing our senior secured credit facility and the indentures governing our senior unsecured PIK toggle notes, our ability to engage in activities such as incurring additional indebtedness, making investments and paying dividends is tied to a ratio based on Adjusted EBITDA. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Capital Resources - Debt.” Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our capital expenditures, interest, income tax, depreciation, amortization, stock-based compensation and certain other income and expense. Other companies in our industry may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure. Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for performance measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of financial condition or profitability under GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities, as a measure of liquidity or as an alternative to operating income or net income as indicators of operating performance. We believe that the most directly comparable GAAP measure to Adjusted EBITDA is net income attributable to TransUnion. The table above provides a reconciliation from our net income (loss) attributable to TransUnion to Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014.
(2)
Consisted of stock-based compensation and cash-settled stock-based compensation.
(3)
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, consisted of the following adjustments to operating income: a $0.2 million and $0.6 million adjustment for contingent consideration expense from previous acquisitions. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, consisted of the following adjustments to non-operating income and expense: $1.1 million and $1.2 million of acquisition expenses. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, consisted of the following adjustments to operating income: $4.7 million and $7.4 million of merger and acquisition integration expenses; $4.9 million and $5.2 million of business optimization expenses; and $1.0 million and $1.0 million of miscellaneous. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, consisted of the following adjustments to non-operating income and expense: $21.7

24


million and $21.7 million of remeasurement gains of our previously held equity interests upon purchase and consolidation of Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited; a $4.5 million and $4.5 million impairment charge for a cost-method investment that sold its assets and liquidated; $0.7 million and $1.2 million of acquisition expenses and $(0.2) million and $0.2 million of miscellaneous.
(4)
Represented costs associated with a project to transform our technology infrastructure.
(5)
For the three and six months ended June 30 2015, consisted of the following adjustments to non-operating income and expense: $3.8 million and $3.8 million of debt refinancing expenses; $0.2 million and $1.0 million of currency remeasurement of our foreign operations; $(0.2) million of gains and $0.7 million of losses related to mark-to-market ineffectiveness of our interest rate hedge; $0.3 million and $0.7 million of loan fees; and $0.3 million and $0.5 million of miscellaneous. For the three and six months ended June 30 2014, consisted of the following adjustments to operating income: $1.3 million and $1.3 million of expenses for sales and use tax matters; and $0 and $0.7 million of other miscellaneous items. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, consisted of the following adjustments to non-operating income and expense: a $32.7 million and $32.7 million gain on prepayment of debt, net of prepayment premium and expenses; $0 million and $0.2 million of currency remeasurement of our foreign operations; $0.7 million and $0.7 million of mark-to-market losses related to ineffectiveness of our interest rate hedge; $0.5 million and $1.1 million of loan fees; and $0.5 million and $0.4 million of miscellaneous.

























25


Revenue
Total revenue increased $51.0 million and $100.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared with the same periods in 2014, due to strong organic growth in all of our segments and revenue from our recent acquisitions of L2C, DHI and CIBIL in our USIS and International segments, partially offset by the impact of weakening foreign currencies on the 2014 revenue of our International segment. Revenue for our recent acquisitions accounted for an increase in revenue of 1.6% and 2.8% in each respective period. The impact of weakening foreign currencies accounted for a decrease in revenue of 2.5% and 2.1% in each respective period. Revenue by segment in the three- and six-month periods was as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
 
2015
 
2014
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
U.S. Information Services:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Online Data Services
 
$
159.3

 
$
142.5

 
$
16.8

 
11.9
 %
 
$
311.4

 
$
275.6

 
$
35.8

 
13.0
 %
  Marketing Services
 
35.5

 
32.4

 
3.1

 
9.6
 %
 
68.6

 
63.3

 
5.3

 
8.5
 %
  Decision Services
 
43.9

 
34.3

 
9.6

 
27.9
 %
 
83.2

 
66.5

 
16.7

 
25.2
 %
Total U.S. Information Services
 
238.7

 
209.2

 
29.5

 
14.2
 %
 
463.2

 
405.4

 
57.8

 
14.3
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
International:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Developed Markets
 
23.9

 
23.1

 
0.8

 
3.1
 %
 
44.9

 
43.5

 
1.4

 
3.1
 %
  Emerging Markets
 
43.6

 
40.6

 
3.0

 
7.4
 %
 
86.2

 
74.9

 
11.3

 
15.0
 %
Total International
 
67.5

 
63.7

 
3.8

 
5.8
 %
 
131.1

 
118.4

 
12.7

 
10.7
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Interactive
 
75.6

 
57.6

 
18.0

 
31.2
 %
 
143.6

 
112.7

 
30.9

 
27.4
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenue, gross
 
381.8

 
330.5

 
51.3

 
15.5
 %
 
737.9

 
636.5

 
101.4

 
15.9
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intersegment eliminations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   USIS Online
 
(2.5
)
 
(2.4
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(5.6
)%
 
(4.8
)
 
(4.5
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(7.3
)%
   International Developed Markets
 
(0.7
)
 
(0.4
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(56.8
)%
 
(1.2
)
 
(0.8
)
 
(0.4
)
 
(48.8
)%
   International Emerging Markets
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 

 
(1.2
)%
 
(0.3
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(15.4
)%
   Interactive
 

 
(0.1
)
 
0.1

 
99.1
 %
 

 
(0.1
)
 
0.1

 
96.4
 %
Total intersegment eliminations
 
(3.3
)
 
(3.0
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(9.9
)%
 
(6.3
)
 
(5.6
)
 
(0.7
)
 
(12.1
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenue as reported
 
$
378.5

 
$
327.5

 
$
51.0

 
15.6
 %
 
$
731.6

 
$
630.9

 
$
100.7

 
16.0
 %
USIS Segment
USIS revenue increased $29.5 million and $57.8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared with the same periods in 2014, due to increases in revenue from all platforms and an increase in revenue of 2.1% and 2.0% in each respective period from our recent acquisitions of DHI and L2C.
Online Data Services
Online Data Services revenue increased $16.8 million and $35.8 million for the three- and six-month periods, compared with the same periods in 2014, due to a 9.6% and 9.3% increase in credit report unit volume for each respective period in the financial services, resellers, insurance and healthcare markets. Credit report unit volume was weakened in the first quarter of 2014 due to the extreme cold weather conditions experienced across large portions of the United States in early 2014. Also, a change in the mix of products sold resulted in an increase in average pricing for online credit reports for the three- and six-months periods.


26


Marketing Services
Marketing Services revenue increased $3.1 million and $5.3 million for the three- and six-month periods, compared with the same periods in 2014, due primarily to an organic increase in custom data sets and archive information driven by an increase in demand for our new solutions and revenue from our recent acquisitions.
Decision Services
Decision Services revenue increased $9.6 million and $16.7 million for the three- and six-month periods, compared with the same periods in 2014, due primarily to an organic increase in revenue in healthcare, financial services and insurance markets and revenue from our recent acquisition of DHI.
International Segment
International revenue increased $3.8 million, or 5.8%, and $12.7 million, or 10.7%, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared with the same periods in 2014. Higher local currency revenue from increased volumes in all regions and the inclusion of revenue from our acquisition of CIBIL was partially offset by a 12.8% and 10.8% decrease in revenue from the impact of weakening foreign currencies in each respective period. Incremental revenue from our consolidation of CIBIL accounted for a 1.6% and 8.1% increase in revenue in each respective period.
Developed Markets
Developed markets revenue increased $0.8 million, or 3.1%, and $1.4 million, or 3.1%, for the three- and six-month periods, compared with the same periods in 2014, due to higher local currency revenue in both regions partially offset by a 8.6% and 8.5% decrease in revenue from the impact of a weakening Canadian dollar in each respective period.
Emerging Markets
Emerging markets revenue increased $3.0 million, or 7.4%, and $11.3 million, or 15.0%, for the three- and six-month periods, compared with the same periods in 2014. Revenue from our consolidation of CIBIL and higher local currency revenue in all regions was partially offset by a 15.3% and 12.3% decrease in revenue from the impact of weakening foreign currencies, primarily the South African rand and Brazilian real, in each respective period.
Consumer Interactive Segment
Consumer Interactive revenue increased $18.0 million and $30.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared with the same period in 2014. This increase was due to an increase in revenue from our indirect channel and an increase in the average number of subscribers in our direct channel.
Operating Expenses
Operating expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
 
2015
 
2014
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
Cost of services
 
$
131.5

 
$
132.9