10-K 1 s108533_10k.htm 10-K

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

xAnnual report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended: September 30, 2017

or

¨Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from ______ to ______

 

Commission File Number: 000-54835

 

MALVERN BANCORP, INC.

 

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Pennsylvania   45-5307782
(State or Other Jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)   Identification Number)
     

42 E. Lancaster Avenue, Paoli, Pennsylvania

 

19301

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (610) 644-9400

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $.01 par value per share   The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

YES ¨ NO x

 Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

YES ¨ NO x

 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

YES x NO ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  YES x NO ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the Registrant’s knowledge in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company ¨
    Emerging growth company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

YES ¨ NO x

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates was approximately $125.3 million, based on the last sale price on the NASDAQ Stock Market for the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

 

The number of shares of the Issuer’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding as of December 29, 2017 was 6,572,684.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement for the 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III, Items 10-14 of this Form 10-K.

 

 

 

 

 

MALVERN BANCORP, INC.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
     
PART I
 
Item 1. Business 2
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 13
     
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 18
     
Item 2. Properties 18
     
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 18
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 18
     
PART II
 
Item 5. Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Shareholders’ Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 18
     
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 20
     
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 22
     
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 50
     
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 51
     
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 109
     
Item 9A Controls and Procedures 109
     
Item 9B. Other Information 111
     
PART III
 
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 111
     
Item 11. Executive Compensation 112
     
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholders’ Matters 112
     
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 112
     
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services 112
 
PART IV
 
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 112
     
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary 114
     
SIGNATURES 115

 

 -1- 

 

 

Information included in or incorporated by reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Company’s press releases or other public statements, contain or may contain forward looking statements. Please refer to a discussion of the Corporation’s forward looking statements and associated risks in ‘‘Item 1 — Business — Historical Development of Business’’ and ‘‘Item 1A — Risk factors’’ in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

PART I.

 

This report, in Item 1, Item 7 and elsewhere, includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Sections 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that involve inherent risks and uncertainties. This report contains certain forward-looking statements with respect to the financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business of Malvern Bancorp, Inc. and its subsidiaries, including statements preceded by, followed by or that include words or phrases such as ‘‘believes,’’ ‘‘expects,’’ ‘‘anticipates,’’ ‘‘plans,’’ ‘‘trend,’’ ‘‘objective,’’ ‘‘continue,’’ ‘‘remain,’’ ‘‘pattern’’ or similar expressions or future or conditional verbs such as ‘‘will,’’ ‘‘would,’’ ‘‘should,’’ ‘‘could,’’ ‘‘might,’’ ‘‘can,’’ ‘‘may’’ or similar expressions. There are a number of important factors that could cause future results to differ materially from historical performance and these forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such a difference include, but are not limited to: (1) competitive pressures among depository institutions may increase significantly; (2) changes in the interest rate environment may reduce interest margins; (3) prepayment speeds, loan origination and sale volumes, charge-offs and loan loss provisions may vary substantially from period to period; (4) general economic conditions may be less favorable than expected; (5) political developments, wars or other hostilities may disrupt or increase volatility in securities markets or other economic conditions; (6) legislative or regulatory changes or actions may adversely affect the businesses in which Malvern Bancorp, Inc. is engaged; (7) changes and trends in the securities markets may adversely impact Malvern Bancorp, Inc.; (8) a delayed or incomplete resolution of any regulatory issues could adversely impact our planning; (9) difficulties in integrating any businesses that we may acquire, which may increase our expenses and delay the achievement of any benefits that we may expect from such acquisitions; (10) the impact of reputation risk created by the developments discussed above on such matters as business generation and retention, funding and liquidity could be significant; and (11) the outcome of any regulatory or legal investigations and proceedings may not be anticipated. Further information on other factors that could affect the financial results of Malvern Bancorp, Inc. are included in Item 1A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and in Malvern Bancorp’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These documents are available free of charge at the Commission’s website at http://www.sec.gov and/or from Malvern Bancorp, Inc. Malvern Bancorp, Inc. assumes no obligation to update forward-looking statements at any time.

 

Item 1. Business

 

General

 

Malvern Bancorp, Inc., a Pennsylvania corporation (the “Company” or “Malvern Bancorp”), is the holding company for Malvern Federal Savings Bank ("Malvern Federal Savings" or the "Bank") and owns all of the issued and outstanding shares of the common stock of the Bank. The Bank is currently a federally chartered, FDIC-insured savings bank that was originally organized in 1887. In October 2017, the Bank filed an application with the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (the “OCC”) to convert from a federal savings bank to a national bank, with the name Malvern Bank, National Association. In connection with the charter conversion of the Bank, also in October 2017, the Company filed an application with the Federal Reserve Board (the “FRB”) to convert to a bank holding company from a savings and loan holding company.

 

The conversions remain subject to the receipt of all required regulatory approvals. The Company and the Bank filed the conversion application in order to better match the Bank’s regulatory charter to its current and planned business activity.

 

The Bank conducts business from its headquarters in Paoli, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia, as well as eight other financial centers located throughout Chester and Delaware Counties, Pennsylvania and a Private Banking/Loan Production headquarters office in Morristown, New Jersey. The Bank also has a Private Banking/Loan Production office in Quakertown, Pennsylvania.

 

 -2- 

 

 

The Bank’s principal business consists of attracting deposits from businesses and the general public primarily in Chester County, Pennsylvania and investing those deposits, together with borrowings and funds generated from operations, in one-to four-family residential real estate loans, construction and development loans, commercial and multi-family real estate loans, commercial business loans, home equity loans and lines of credit and other consumer loans, as well as investing in investment securities. In addition to Chester County, our lending efforts are focused in neighboring Bucks County, Montgomery County and Delaware County, which are also in southeastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey and the New York metropolitan marketplace. We also service client needs in the greater Philadelphia market area. Our primary market niche is providing personalized service to our client base.

 

The Bank’s revenues are derived principally from interest on loans and investment securities, loan commitment and customer service fees and our mortgage banking operation. Our primary sources of funds are deposits, borrowings and principal and interest payments on loans and securities, as well as the sale of residential loans in the secondary market. The Bank’s primary expenses are interest expense on deposits and borrowings, provisions for loan losses and general operating expenses. 

 

The Bank owns 100% of Malvern Insurance Associates, LLC (“Malvern Associates”), a Pennsylvania limited liability company. Malvern Associates is a licensed insurance broker under Pennsylvania and New Jersey law.

 

The Bank owns a 10% non-controlling interest in Bell Rock Capital, LLC (“Bell Rock”), a Delaware limited liability company and investment advisor registered with the SEC, and headquartered in Rehoboth Beach, Delaware.

 

Certain mortgage-backed securities of the Bank are held through Delaware statutory trusts, 5% of which are owned by the Bank and 95% of which are owned by Coastal Asset Management Co., a Delaware corporation which is wholly owned by the Bank.

 

The Bank owns a 3.39% interest in Bankers Settlement Services Capital Region, LLC, a Pennsylvania limited liability company which acts as a title insurance agent or agency.

 

The Bank has representative offices, which are not branches, in Palm Beach, Florida and Montchanin, Delaware.

 

SEC Reports and Corporate Governance

 

The Company makes its Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments thereto available on its website at www.malvernfederal.com without charge as soon as reasonably practicable after filing or furnishing them to the SEC. Also available on the website are the Company’s corporate code of ethics that applies to all of the Company’s employees, including principal officers and directors, and charters for the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating Committee.

 

Additionally, the Company will provide without charge, a copy of its Annual Report on Form 10-K to any shareholder by mail. Requests should be sent to Malvern Bancorp, Inc., Attention: Shareholder Relations, 42 East Lancaster Avenue, Paoli, Pennsylvania, 19301. Our telephone number is (610) 644-9400.

 

Market Area and Competition

 

The banking business is highly competitive. We face substantial immediate competition and potential future competition both in attracting deposits and in originating loans. We compete with numerous commercial banks, savings banks and savings and loan associations, many of which have assets, capital and lending limits larger than those that we have. Other competitors include money market mutual funds, mortgage bankers, insurance companies, stock brokerage firms, regulated small loan companies, credit unions and issuers of commercial paper and other securities.

 

Our larger competitors have greater financial resources to finance wide-ranging advertising campaigns.

 

Additionally, we endeavor to compete for business by providing high quality, personal service to customers, customer access to our decision-makers and competitive interest rates and fees. We seek to hire and retain quality employees who desire greater responsibility than may be available working for a larger employer. Additionally, the local real estate and other business activities of our Directors help us develop business relationships by increasing our profile in our communities.

 

 -3- 

 

 

Products and Services

 

We derive substantially all of our income from our net interest income (i.e., the difference between the interest we receive on our loans and securities and the interest we pay on deposits and other borrowings). We offer a broad range of deposit and loan products. In addition, to attract the business of consumer and business customers, we also provide a broad array of other banking services. Products and services provided include personal and business checking accounts, retirement accounts, money market accounts, time and savings accounts, credit cards, wire transfers, access to automated teller services, internet banking, ACH origination, telephone banking, and mobile banking by phone. In addition, we offer safe deposit boxes. The Bank also offers remote deposit capture banking for business customers, providing the ability to electronically scan and transmit checks for deposit, reducing time and cost. In addition, the Bank offers mobile remote deposit capture banking for both retail and business customers, providing the convenience to deposit on the go.

 

Checking account products consist of both retail and business demand deposit products. Retail products include free checking and, for businesses, both interest-bearing accounts, which require a minimum balance, and non-interest bearing accounts. NOW accounts consist of both retail and business interest-bearing transaction accounts that have minimum balance requirements. Money market accounts consist of products that provide a market rate of interest to depositors but have limited check writing capabilities. Our savings accounts consist of statement type accounts. Time deposits consist of certificates of deposit, including those held in IRA accounts. CDARS/ICS Reciprocal deposits are offered based with the Bank’s participation in Promontory Interfinancial Network, LLC. Customers who are FDIC insurance sensitive are able to place large dollar deposits with the Company and the Company uses CDARS to place those funds into certificates of deposit issued by other banks in the Network. This occurs in increments of less than the FDIC insurance limits so that both the principal and interest are eligible for complete FDIC insurance coverage. The FDIC currently considers these funds as brokered deposits.

 

The Bank, through its partnership with Bell Rock, offers through its private banking and wealth management division personalized wealth management and advisory services to high net worth individuals and families. Services provided include liquidity management, investment services, custody, wealth planning, trust and fiduciary services, insurance and 401(k) services.

 

The Bank, through its Malvern Associates insurance broker subsidiary, offers insurance services.

 

Deposits serve as the primary source of funding for our interest-earning assets, but also generate non-interest revenue through insufficient funds fees, stop payment fees, safe deposit rental fees, card income, including ATM fees and credit and debit card interchange, gift card fees, and other miscellaneous fees. In addition, the Bank generates additional non-interest revenue associated with residential loan origination and sale, loan servicing, late fees and merchant services.

 

We offer personal and commercial business loans on a secured and unsecured basis, revolving lines of credit, commercial mortgage loans, and residential mortgages on both primary and secondary residences, home equity loans, bridge loans and other personal purpose loans. However, we are not and have not historically been a participant in the sub-prime lending market.

 

Commercial loans are loans made for business purposes and are primarily secured by collateral such as cash balances with the Bank, marketable securities held by or under the control of the Bank, business assets including accounts receivable, inventory and equipment, and liens on commercial and residential real estate.

 

Commercial construction loans are loans to finance the construction of commercial or residential properties secured by first liens on such properties. Commercial real estate loans include loans secured by first liens on completed commercial properties, including multi-family properties, to purchase or refinance such properties. Residential mortgages include loans secured by first liens on residential real estate, and are generally made to existing customers of the Bank to purchase or refinance primary and secondary residences. Home equity loans and lines of credit include loans secured by first or second liens on residential real estate for primary or secondary residences.

 

 -4- 

 

 

Consumer loans are made to individuals who qualify for auto loans, cash reserve, credit cards and installment loans.

 

The Bank’s lending policies generally provide for lending inside of our primary market area. However, the Bank will make loans to persons outside of our primary market area when we deem it prudent to do so. In an effort to promote a high degree of asset quality, the Bank focuses primarily upon offering secured loans. However, the Bank does make unsecured loans to borrowers with high net worth and income profiles. The Bank generally requires loan customers to maintain deposit accounts with the Bank. In addition, the Bank generally provides for a minimum required rate of interest in its variable rate loans. We believe that having senior management on-site allows for an enhanced local presence and rapid decision-making that attracts borrowers. The Bank’s lending limit to any one borrower is 15% of the Bank’s capital base (defined as tangible equity plus the allowance for loan losses) for most loans ($19.3 million) and 25% of the capital base for loans secured by readily marketable collateral ($32.2 million). At September 30, 2017, the Bank’s largest committed relationship totaled $16.4 million.

 

Our business model includes using industry best practices for community banks, including personalized service, state-of-the-art technology and extended hours. We believe that this will generate deposit accounts with larger average balances than we might attract otherwise. We also use pricing techniques in our efforts to attract banking relationships having larger than average balances.

 

Supervision and Regulation

 

The banking industry is highly regulated. Earnings of the Company are affected by state and federal laws and regulations and by policies of various regulatory authorities. Changes in applicable law or in the policies of various regulatory authorities could affect materially the business and prospects of the Company and the Bank. The following discussion of supervision and regulation is qualified in its entirety by reference to the statutory and regulatory provisions discussed.

 

As indicated above under “General,” the Bank has filed an application with the OCC to convert from a federal savings bank to a national bank. The OCC will continue to be the primary regulator of the Bank after the conversion.

 

In connection with the proposed conversion of the Bank to a national bank, the Company filed an application with the FRB to convert from a savings and loan holding company to a bank holding company. The FRB will continue to be the primary regulator of the Company after such conversion.

 

The conversions remain subject to the receipt of all required regulatory approvals.

 

Dodd-Frank Act

 

On July 21, 2010, Congress enacted the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”). The Dodd-Frank Act has significantly changed the bank regulatory structure and significantly impacted the lending, deposit, investment, trading and operating activities of financial institutions and their holding companies. The Dodd-Frank Act requires various federal agencies to adopt a broad range of new implementing rules and regulations, and to prepare numerous studies and reports for Congress. The federal agencies have been given significant discretion in drafting the implementing rules and regulations. The discussion below generally discusses the material provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act applicable to the Company and the Bank and is not complete or meant to be an exhaustive discussion.

 

The following aspects of the Dodd-Frank Act are related to the operations of the Bank:

 

·A new independent consumer financial protection bureau was established within the Federal Reserve Board, empowered to exercise broad regulatory, supervisory and enforcement authority with respect to both new and existing consumer financial protection laws. Financial institutions with assets of $10 billion or less, such as the Bank, are subject to the supervision and enforcement of their primary federal banking regulator with respect to the federal consumer financial protection laws.

 

·Tier 1 capital treatment for “hybrid” capital items like trust preferred securities was eliminated subject to various grandfathering and transition rules.

 

 -5- 

 

 

·The prohibition on payment of interest on demand deposits was repealed.

 

·State consumer financial law is preempted only if it would have a discriminatory effect on a federal savings association or a national bank, prevents or significantly interferes with the exercise by a federal savings association or national bank of its powers or is preempted by any other federal law. The OCC must make a preemption determination on a case-by-case basis with respect to a particular state law or another state law with substantively equivalent terms.

 

·Deposit insurance has been permanently increased to $250,000.

 

·The deposit insurance assessment base calculation equals the depository institution’s total assets minus the sum of its average tangible equity during the assessment period.

 

·The minimum reserve ratio of the Deposit Insurance Fund increased to 1.35 percent of estimated annual insured deposits or assessment base; however, the FDIC was directed to “offset the effect” of the increased reserve ratio for insured depository institutions with total consolidated assets of less than $10 billion.

 

The following aspects of the Dodd-Frank Act are related to the operations of the Company:

 

·Regulatory authority over savings and loan holding companies was transferred to the FRB. The FRB will continue to regulate the Company after its conversion to a bank holding company.

 

·The Home Owners’ Loan Act was amended to provide that leverage capital requirements and risk based capital requirements applicable to depository institutions and bank holding companies was extended to thrift holding companies. After the conversions, these requirements will continue to be applicable to the Bank and the holding company as a national bank and a bank holding company, respectively, but the Home Owners’ Loan Act will no longer be applicable.

 

·The Federal Deposit Insurance Act was amended to direct federal regulators to require depository institution holding companies to serve as a source of strength for their depository institution subsidiaries.

 

·Public companies are required to provide their shareholders with a non-binding vote: (i) at least once every three years on the compensation paid to executive officers, and (ii) at least once every six years on whether they should have a “say on pay” vote every one, two or three years.

 

·A separate, non-binding shareholder vote is required regarding golden parachutes for named executive officers when a shareholder vote takes place on mergers, acquisitions, dispositions or other transactions that would trigger the parachute payments.

 

·Securities exchanges are required to prohibit brokers from using their own discretion to vote shares not beneficially owned by them for certain “significant” matters, which include votes on the election of directors, executive compensation matters, and any other matter determined to be significant.

 

·Stock exchanges, which includes the Nasdaq, will be prohibited from listing the securities of any issuer that does not have a policy providing for (i) disclosure of its policy on incentive compensation payable on the basis of financial information reportable under the securities laws, and (ii) the recovery from current or former executive officers, following an accounting restatement triggered by material noncompliance with securities law reporting requirements, of any incentive compensation paid erroneously during the three-year period preceding the date on which the restatement was required that exceeds the amount that would have been paid on the basis of the restated financial information.

 

·Disclosure in annual proxy materials will be required concerning the relationship between the executive compensation paid and the financial performance of the issuer.

 

·Item 402 of Regulation S-K has been amended to require companies to disclose the ratio of the Chief Executive Officer’s annual total compensation to the median annual total compensation of all other employees. This information must be reported for the first time for the first full fiscal year beginning on or after January 1, 2017.

 

 -6- 

 

 

Regulation of Malvern Bancorp, Inc.

 

Holding Company Acquisitions. Malvern Bancorp is currently a savings and loan holding company under the Home Owners' Loan Act, as amended, and is subject to examination and supervision by the FRB. Federal law generally prohibits a savings and loan holding company, without prior FRB approval, from acquiring the ownership or control of any other savings institution or savings and loan holding company, or all, or substantially all, of the assets or more than 5% of the voting shares of the savings institution or savings and loan holding company. These provisions also prohibit, among other things, any director or officer of a savings and loan holding company, or any individual who owns or controls more than 25% of the voting shares of such holding company, from acquiring control of any savings institution not a subsidiary of such savings and loan holding company, unless the acquisition is approved by the FRB.

 

The FRB may not approve any acquisition that would result in a multiple savings and loan holding company controlling savings institutions in more than one state, subject to two exceptions: (1) the approval of interstate supervisory acquisitions by savings and loan holding companies; and (2) the acquisition of a savings institution in another state if the laws of the state of the target savings institution specifically permit such acquisitions. The states vary in the extent to which they permit interstate savings and loan holding company acquisitions.

 

Once the Company is a bank holding company, it will be required to obtain the prior approval of the FRB before it may, by merger, purchase or otherwise, directly or indirectly acquire all or substantially all of the assets of any bank or bank holding company if, after such acquisition, it will own or control more than 5% of the voting shares of such bank or bank holding company.

 

Holding Company Activities. Malvern Bancorp currently operates as a unitary savings and loan holding company and is permitted to engage only in the activities permitted for financial institution holding companies or for multiple savings and loan holding companies. Multiple savings and loan holding companies are permitted to engage in the following activities: (i) activities permitted for a bank holding company under section 4(c) of the Bank Holding Company Act (unless the FRB prohibits or limits such 4(c) activities); (ii) furnishing or performing management services for a subsidiary savings association; (iii) conducting any insurance agency or escrow business; (iv) holding, managing, or liquidating assets owned by or acquired from a subsidiary savings association; (v) holding or managing properties used or occupied by a subsidiary savings association; (vi) acting as trustee under deeds of trust; or (vii) activities authorized by regulation as of March 5, 1987, to be engaged in by multiple savings and loan holding companies.

 

Under recently enacted legislation, savings and loan holding companies that have total assets over $1 billion became subject to statutory capital requirements. As of September 30, 2017, Malvern Bancorp had total assets of $1.05 billion and, accordingly, must meet the following four minimum capital ratios:

 

Capital Ratio  Regulatory Minimum 
Common Equity Tier 1 Capital   4.5%
Tier 1 Leverage Capital   4.0%
Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital   6.0%
Total Risk-Based Capital   8.0%

 

The leverage capital requirement is calculated as a percentage of total assets and the other three capital requirements are calculated as a percentage of risk-weighted assets. For a more detailed discussion of the capital rules, see “Recent Regulatory Capital Rules” under “Regulation of the Bank” below. The Bank and the Company are in compliance with all capital requirements applicable to them.

 

While there are no specific restrictions on the payment of dividends or other capital distributions for savings and loan holding companies, federal regulations do prescribe such restrictions on subsidiary savings institutions, as described below. The Bank is required to notify the FRB 30 days before declaring any dividend. In addition, the financial impact of a holding company on its subsidiary institution is a matter that is evaluated by the FRB and the agency has authority to order cessation of activities or divestiture of subsidiaries deemed to pose a threat to the safety and soundness of the institution.

 

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As a national bank and a bank holding company, the Bank and the Company will be subject to the capital requirements promulgated by their respective regulators.

 

Federal Securities Laws. Malvern Bancorp has registered its common stock with the Securities and Exchange Commission under Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). Accordingly, Malvern Bancorp is subject to the proxy and tender offer rules, insider trading reporting requirements and restrictions, and certain other requirements under the Exchange Act.

 

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act.  As a public company, Malvern Bancorp is subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 which addresses, among other issues, corporate governance, auditing and accounting, executive compensation, and enhanced and timely disclosure of corporate information. As directed by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer are required to certify that our quarterly and annual reports do not contain any untrue statement of a material fact. The rules adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act have several requirements, including having these officers certify that: they are responsible for establishing, maintaining and regularly evaluating the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting; they have made certain disclosures to our auditors and the audit committee of the Board of Directors about our internal control over financial reporting; and they have included information in our quarterly and annual reports about their evaluation and whether there have been changes in our internal control over financial reporting or in other factors that could materially affect internal control over financial reporting.

 

Volcker Rule Regulations

 

Regulations adopted by the federal banking agencies to implement the provisions of the Dodd Frank Act commonly referred to as the Volcker Rule contain prohibitions and restrictions on the ability of financial institution holding companies and their affiliates to engage in proprietary trading and to hold certain interests in, or to have certain relationships with, various types of investment funds, including hedge funds and private equity funds. The Company is in compliance with the various provisions of the Volcker Rule regulations.

 

Regulation of the Bank

 

General.   As the Bank is currently a federally chartered savings bank, it is subject to the regulation of the OCC, as its primary federal regulator, and the FDIC, as the insurer of its deposit accounts, and, to a limited extent, the FRB. As the primary federal regulator of the Bank, the OCC has extensive authority over the operations of federally chartered savings institutions. As part of this authority, the Bank is required to file periodic reports with the OCC and is subject to periodic examinations by the OCC and the FDIC. The investment and lending authorities of savings institutions are prescribed by federal laws and regulations, and such institutions are prohibited from engaging in any activities not permitted by such laws and regulations. Such regulation and supervision is primarily intended for the protection of depositors and the Deposit Insurance Fund, administered by the FDIC.

 

The OCC’s enforcement authority over all savings institutions includes, among other things, the ability to assess civil money penalties, to issue cease and desist or removal orders and to initiate injunctive actions. In general, these enforcement actions may be initiated for violations of laws and regulations and unsafe or unsound practices. Other actions or inactions may provide the basis for enforcement action, including misleading or untimely reports filed with the OCC.

 

After the conversion of the Bank to a national bank, it will continue to be subject to the regulation of the OCC, as its primary federal regulator, the FDIC will continue to be the insurer of its deposit accounts, and the FRB will be the primary regulator of the Company, as a bank holding company.

 

Insurance of Accounts. The deposits of the Bank are insured to the maximum extent permitted by the Deposit Insurance Fund and are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government. As insurer, the FDIC is authorized to conduct examinations of, and to require reporting by, insured institutions. It also may prohibit any insured institution from engaging in any activity determined by regulation or order to pose a serious threat to the FDIC. The FDIC also has the authority to initiate enforcement actions against savings institutions, after giving the OCC an opportunity to take such action.

 

 -8- 

 

 

The FDIC’s risk-based premium system provides for quarterly assessments. Each insured institution is placed in one of four risk categories depending on supervisory and capital considerations. Within its risk category, an institution is assigned to an initial base assessment rate which is then adjusted to determine its final assessment rate based on its brokered deposits, secured liabilities and unsecured debt. To implement the Dodd Frank Act, the FDIC amended its deposit insurance regulations (1) to change the assessment base for insurance from domestic deposits to average assets minus average tangible equity and (2) to lower overall assessment rates. The revised assessments rates are between 2.5 to 9 basis points for banks in the lowest risk category and between 30 to 45 basis points for banks in the highest risk category.

 

In addition, all institutions with deposits insured by the FDIC are required to pay assessments to fund interest payments on bonds issued by the Financing Corporation, or FICO, a mixed-ownership government corporation established to recapitalize the predecessor to the Deposit Insurance Fund. These assessments will continue until the Financing Corporation bonds mature in 2019.

 

The FDIC may terminate the deposit insurance of any insured depository institution, including the Bank, if it determines after a hearing that the institution has engaged or is engaging in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations, or has violated any applicable law, regulation, order or any condition imposed by an agreement with the FDIC. It also may suspend deposit insurance temporarily during the hearing process for the permanent termination of insurance, if the institution has no tangible capital. If insurance of accounts is terminated, the accounts at the institution at the time of the termination, less subsequent withdrawals, shall continue to be insured for a period of six months to two years, as determined by the FDIC. Management is not aware of any existing circumstances which could result in termination of the Bank’s deposit insurance.

 

As noted above, the Dodd Frank Act raises the minimum reserve ratio of the Deposit Insurance Fund from 1.15% to 1.35% and requires the FDIC to offset the effect of this increase on insured institutions with assets of less than $10 billion (small institutions). The FDIC has adopted a rule to accomplish this by imposing a surcharge on larger institutions commencing when the reserve ratio reaches 1.15% and ending when it reaches 1.35%. The reserve ratio reached 1.15% on June 30, 2016. Accordingly, surcharges began on July 1, 2016. Small institutions will receive credits for the portion of their regular assessments that contributed to growth in the reserve ratio between 1.15% and 1.35%. The credits will apply for each quarter the reserve ratio is above 1.38%, in amounts as determined by the FDIC.

 

Regulatory Capital Requirements. Federally insured savings institutions are required to maintain minimum levels of regulatory capital. The OCC has established capital standards consisting of a “tangible capital requirement,” a “leverage capital requirement” and “a risk-based capital requirement.” The OCC also is authorized to impose capital requirements in excess of these standards on individual institutions on a case-by-case basis.

 

In July of 2013 the respective U.S. federal banking agencies issued final rules implementing Basel III and the Dodd-Frank Act capital requirements to be fully phased in on a global basis on January 1, 2019. The regulations establish a new tangible common equity capital requirement, increase the minimum requirement for the current Tier 1 risk-weighted asset (“RWA”) ratio, phase out certain kinds of intangibles treated as capital and certain types of instruments and change the risk weightings of certain assets used to determine required capital ratios. The new common equity Tier 1 capital component requires capital of the highest quality – predominantly composed of retained earnings and common stock instruments. For community banks such as the Bank, a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5% became effective on January 1, 2015. The new capital rules also increased the current minimum Tier 1 capital ratio from 4.0% to 6.0% beginning on January 1, 2015. In addition, in order to make capital distributions and pay discretionary bonuses to executive officers without restriction, an institution must also maintain greater than 2.5% in common equity attributable to a capital conservation buffer to be phased in from January 1, 2016 until January 1, 2019. The new rules also increased the risk weights for several categories of assets, including an increase from 100% to 150% for certain acquisition, development and construction loans and more than 90-day past due exposures. The new capital rules maintain the general structure of the prompt corrective action rules, but incorporate the new common equity Tier 1 capital requirement and the increased Tier 1 RWA requirement into the prompt corrective action framework.

 

Savings institutions such as the Bank are currently required to satisfy the following capital requirements:

 

·Tangible capital requirement – “tangible” capital equal to at least 1.5% of adjusted total assets;

 

·Common equity Tier 1 capital requirement – generally consists of retained earnings and common stock instruments equal to at least 4.5% of “risk weighted” assets;

 

 -9- 

 

 

·Tier 1 capital requirement – equal to at least 6.0%;

 

·Leverage capital requirement – “core” capital equal to at least 3.0% of adjusted total assets for the most highly rated institutions;

 

·An additional “cushion” of at least 100 basis points of core capital for all but the most highly rated savings associations effectively increasing their minimum Tier 1 leverage ratio to 4.0% or more; and

 

·Risk-based capital requirement – “total” capital (a combination of core and “supplementary” capital) equal to at least 8.0% of “risk-weighted” assets.

 

Core capital generally consists of common stockholders' equity (including retained earnings). Tangible capital generally equals core capital minus intangible assets, with only a limited exception for purchased mortgage servicing rights. The Bank had no intangible assets at September 30, 2017. Both core and tangible capital are further reduced by an amount equal to a savings institution's debt and equity investments in subsidiaries engaged in activities not permissible to national banks (other than subsidiaries engaged in activities undertaken as agent for customers or in mortgage banking activities and subsidiary depository institutions or their holding companies). These adjustments do not affect the Bank's regulatory capital.

 

In determining compliance with the risk-based capital requirement, a savings institution is allowed to include both core capital and supplementary capital in its total capital, provided that the amount of supplementary capital included does not exceed the savings institution's core capital. Supplementary capital generally consists of general allowances for loan losses up to a maximum of 1.25% of risk-weighted assets, together with certain other items. In determining the required amount of risk-based capital, total assets, including certain off-balance sheet items, are multiplied by a risk weight based on the risks inherent in the type of assets. The risk weights range from 0% for cash and securities issued by the U.S. Government or unconditionally backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government to 100% for loans (other than qualifying residential loans weighted at 80%) and repossessed assets.

 

Savings institutions must value securities available for sale at amortized cost for regulatory capital purposes. This means that in computing regulatory capital, savings institutions should add back any unrealized losses and deduct any unrealized gains, net of income taxes, on debt securities reported as a separate component of GAAP capital.

 

The table below sets forth the Bank's capital position relative to the OCC’s regulatory capital requirements at September 30, 2017. As indicated in the table, the Bank exceeded all of its regulatory capital requirements. Malvern Bancorp, Inc. is now subject to the regulatory capital ratios imposed by the Dodd-Frank Act on savings and loan holding companies because it had assets in excess of $1.0 billion as of September 30, 2017.

 

   Actual   Required for
Capital 
Adequacy
Purposes
   To Be Well
Capitalized 
Under Prompt
Corrective Action
Provisions
   Excess Over 
Well-Capitalized
Provision
 
   Amount   Ratio   Amount   Ratio   Amount   Ratio   Amount   Ratio 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
Tier 1 leverage capital (to adjusted tangible  assets)  $120,902    12.02%  $40,234    4.00%  $50,292    5.00%  $70,610    7.02%
Common equity Tier 1 (to risk-weighted  assets)  $120,902    14.75    36,894    4.50    53,292    6.50    67,610    8.25 
Tier 1 risk-based capital (to risk-weighted assets)  $120,902    14.75    49,192    6.00    65,590    8.00    55,312    6.75 
Total risk-based capital (to risk-weighted assets)  $129,369    15.78    65,590    8.00    81,987    10.00    47,382    5.78 

 

 -10- 

 

 

Any savings institution that fails any of the capital requirements is subject to possible enforcement actions by the OCC or the FDIC. Such actions could include a capital directive, a cease and desist order, civil money penalties, the establishment of restrictions on the institution's operations, termination of federal deposit insurance and the appointment of a conservator or receiver. The OCC's capital regulation provides that such actions, through enforcement proceedings or otherwise, could require one or more of a variety of corrective actions.

 

Prompt Corrective Action. The following table shows the amount of capital associated with the different capital categories set forth in the prompt corrective action regulations.

 

Capital Category

Total
Risk-Based 
Capital

Tier 1
Risk-Based 
Capital

Common Equity
Tier 1 
Capital

Tier 1
Leverage
Capital

Well capitalized   10% or more   8% or more   6.5% or more   5% or more
Adequately capitalized     8% or more   6% or more   4.5% or more   4% or more
Undercapitalized   Less than 8%   Less than 6%   Less than 4.5%   Less than 4%
Significantly undercapitalized   Less than 6%   Less than 4%   Less than 3%   Less than 3%

 

In addition, an institution is “critically undercapitalized” if it has a ratio of tangible equity to total assets that is equal to or less than 2.0%. Under specified circumstances, a federal banking agency may reclassify a well capitalized institution as adequately capitalized and may require an adequately capitalized institution or an undercapitalized institution to comply with supervisory actions as if it were in the next lower category (except that the FDIC may not reclassify a significantly undercapitalized institution as critically undercapitalized).

 

Capital Distributions. OCC regulations govern capital distributions by savings institutions, which include cash dividends, stock repurchases and other transactions charged to the capital account of a savings institution to make capital distributions. A savings institution must file an application for OCC approval of the capital distribution if either (1) the total capital distributions for the applicable calendar year exceed the sum of the institution's net income for that year to date plus the institution's retained net income for the preceding two years, (2) the institution would not be at least adequately capitalized following the distribution, (3) the distribution would violate any applicable statute, regulation, agreement or OCC-imposed condition, or (4) the institution is not eligible for expedited treatment of its filings. If an application is not required to be filed, savings institutions which are a subsidiary of a savings and loan holding company (as well as certain other institutions) must still file a notice with the OCC at least 30 days before the board of directors declares a dividend or approves a capital distribution if either (1) the institution would not be well capitalized following the distribution; (2) the proposed distribution would reduce the amount or retire any part of the institution’s common or preferred stock or (3) the savings institution is a subsidiary of a savings and loan holding company and the proposed dividend is not a cash dividend. If a savings institution, such as the Bank, that is the subsidiary of a savings and loan holding company, has filed a notice with the FRB for a cash dividend and is not required to file an application or notice with the OCC for any of the reasons described above, then the savings institution is only required to provide an informational copy to the OCC of the notice filed with the FRB.

 

An institution that either before or after a proposed capital distribution fails to meet its then applicable minimum capital requirement or that has been notified that it needs more than normal supervision may not make any capital distributions without the prior written approval of the OCC. In addition, the OCC may prohibit a proposed capital distribution, which would otherwise be permitted by OCC regulations, if the OCC determines that such distribution would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice.

 

Under federal rules, an insured depository institution may not pay any dividend if payment would cause it to become undercapitalized or if it is already undercapitalized. In addition, federal regulators have the authority to restrict or prohibit the payment of dividends for safety and soundness reasons. The FDIC also prohibits an insured depository institution from paying dividends on its capital stock or interest on its capital notes or debentures (if such interest is required to be paid only out of net profits) or distributing any of its capital assets while it remains in default in the payment of any assessment due the FDIC. The Bank is currently not in default in any assessment payment to the FDIC.

 

 -11- 

 

 

Qualified Thrift Lender Test. All savings institutions are required to meet a qualified thrift lender, or QTL, test to avoid certain restrictions on their operations. A savings institution can comply with the QTL test by either qualifying as a domestic building and loan association as defined in the Internal Revenue Code or meeting the QTL test of the OCC.

 

Currently, the OCC’s QTL test requires that 65% of an institution's “portfolio assets” (as defined) consist of certain housing and consumer-related assets on a monthly average basis in nine out of every 12 months. To be a qualified thrift lender under the IRS test, the savings institution must meet a “business operations test” and a “60 percent assets test,” each defined in the Internal Revenue Code.

 

The Bank did not meet the QTL requirements effective December 31, 2016, and has filed an application with the OCC to convert to a national bank. In addition, the Company has filed an application with the FRB to convert to a bank holding company. The Company and the Bank filed the conversion applications in order to better match the Bank’s regulatory charter to its current and planned business activity. Upon conversion to a national bank, the Bank will no longer be required to meet the QTL test.

 

Limitations on Transactions with Affiliates. Transactions between savings associations and any affiliate are governed by Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act as made applicable to savings associations by Section 11 of the Home Owners' Loan Act. An affiliate of a savings association includes any company or entity which controls the savings institution or that is controlled by a company that controls the savings association. In a holding company context, the holding company of a savings association (such as Malvern Bancorp) and any companies which are controlled by such holding company are affiliates of the savings association. Generally, Section 23A limits the extent to which the savings association or its subsidiaries may engage in "covered transactions" with any one affiliate to an amount equal to 10% of such association's capital stock and surplus, and contains an aggregate limit on all such transactions with all affiliates to an amount equal to 20% of such capital stock and surplus. Section 23B applies to "covered transactions" as well as certain other transactions and requires that all transactions be on terms substantially the same, or at least as favorable, to the savings association as those provided to a non-affiliate. The term "covered transaction" includes the making of loans to, purchase of assets from and issuance of a guarantee to an affiliate and similar transactions. Section 23B transactions also include the provision of services and the sale of assets by a savings association to an affiliate. In addition to the restrictions imposed by Sections 23A and 23B, Section 11 of the Home Owners' Loan Act prohibits a savings association from (i) making a loan or other extension of credit to an affiliate, except for any affiliate which engages only in certain activities which are permissible for bank holding companies, or (ii) purchasing or investing in any stocks, bonds, debentures, notes or similar obligations of any affiliate, except for affiliates which are subsidiaries of the savings association.

 

In addition, Sections 22(g) and (h) of the Federal Reserve Act as made applicable to savings associations by Section 11 of the Home Owners' Loan Act, place restrictions on loans to executive officers, directors and principal shareholders of the savings association and its affiliates. Under Section 22(h), loans to a director, an executive officer and to a greater than 10% shareholder of a savings association, and certain affiliated interests of either, may not exceed, together with all other outstanding loans to such person and affiliated interests, the savings association's loans to one borrower limit (generally equal to 15% of the association's unimpaired capital and surplus). Section 22(h) also requires that loans to directors, executive officers and principal shareholders be made on terms substantially the same as offered in comparable transactions to other persons unless the loans are made pursuant to a benefit or compensation program that (i) is widely available to employees of the association and (ii) does not give preference to any director, executive officer or principal shareholder, or certain affiliated interests of either, over other employees of the savings association. Section 22(h) also requires prior board approval for certain loans. In addition, the aggregate amount of extensions of credit by a savings association to all insiders cannot exceed the association's unimpaired capital and surplus. Furthermore, Section 22(g) places additional restrictions on loans to executive officers. The Bank currently is subject to Sections 22(g) and (h) of the Federal Reserve Act and at September 30, 2017, was in compliance with the above restrictions.

 

Community Reinvestment Act.  All federal savings associations have a responsibility under the Community Reinvestment Act and related regulations to help meet the credit needs of their communities, including low-and moderate-income neighborhoods. An institution’s failure to comply with the provisions of the Community Reinvestment Act could result in restrictions on its activities. The Bank received a “satisfactory” Community Reinvestment Act rating in its most recently completed examination.

 

 -12- 

 

 

Anti-Money Laundering. All financial institutions, including savings and loan associations are subject to federal laws that are designed to prevent the use of the U.S. financial system to fund terrorist activities. Financial institutions operating in the United States are required to develop new anti-money laundering compliance programs, due diligence policies and controls to ensure the detection and reporting of money laundering. Such compliance programs are intended to supplement existing compliance requirements, also applicable to financial institutions, under the Bank Secrecy Act and the Office of Foreign Assets Control Regulations. The Bank has established policies and procedures to ensure compliance with these provisions, and their impact on our operations has not been material.

 

Federal Home Loan Bank System. The Bank is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh, which is one of 12 regional Federal Home Loan Banks that administers the home financing credit function of savings institutions. Each FHLB serves as a reserve or central bank for its members within its assigned region. It is funded primarily from proceeds derived from the sale of consolidated obligations of the FHLB System. It makes loans to members (i.e., advances) in accordance with policies and procedures established by the board of directors of the FHLB. At September 30, 2017, the Bank had $118.0 million of FHLB advances and $150.0 million available on its line of credit with the FHLB.

 

As a member, the Bank is required to purchase and maintain stock in the FHLB of Pittsburgh in an amount equal to at least 1.0% of its aggregate unpaid residential mortgage loans or similar obligations at the beginning of each year. At September 30, 2017, Malvern Federal Savings Bank had $5.6 million in FHLB stock, which was in compliance with this requirement.

 

The Federal Home Loan Banks are required to provide funds for the resolution of troubled savings institutions and to contribute to affordable housing programs through direct loans or interest subsidies on advances targeted for community investment and low-and moderate-income housing projects. The FHLB has communicated that it believes the calculation of risk-based capital under the current rules of the FHFA significantly overstates the market risk of the FHLB’s private-label mortgage-backed securities in the current market environment and that it has enough capital to cover the risks reflected in the FHLB’s balance sheet. As a result, an “other than temporary impairment” has not been recorded for the Bank’s investment in FHLB stock. However, continued deterioration in the FHLB’s financial position may result in impairment in the value of those securities. Management will continue to monitor the financial condition of the FHLB as it relates to, among other things, the recoverability of the Bank’s investment.

 

Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve Board requires all depository institutions to maintain reserves against their transaction accounts (primarily NOW and Super NOW checking accounts) and non-personal time deposits. Because required reserves must be maintained in the form of vault cash or a noninterest-bearing account at a Federal Reserve Bank, the effect of this reserve requirement is to reduce an institution's earning assets. At September 30, 2017, the Bank had met its reserve requirement.

 

Employees

 

As of September 30, 2017, we had a total of 81 full-time equivalent employees. No employees are represented by a collective bargaining group, and we believe that our relationship with our employees is excellent.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

In analyzing whether to make or to continue an investment in our securities, investors should consider, among other factors, the following risk factors.

 

We are subject to credit risk in connection with our lending activities, and our financial condition and results of operations may be negatively impacted by economic conditions and other factors that adversely affect our borrowers.

 

Our financial condition and results of operations are affected by the ability of our borrowers to repay their loans, and in a timely manner. Lending money is a significant part of the banking business. Borrowers, however, do not always repay their loans. The risk of non-payment is assessed through our underwriting and loan review procedures based on several factors including credit risks of a particular borrower, changes in economic conditions, the duration of the loan and in the case of a collateralized loan, uncertainties as to the future value of the collateral and other factors. Despite our efforts, we do and will experience loan losses, and our financial condition and results of operations will be adversely affected. Our non-performing assets were approximately $1.2 million at September 30, 2017. Our allowance for loan losses was approximately $8.4 million at September 30, 2017. Our loans between thirty and eighty-nine days delinquent totaled $5.0 million at September 30, 2017.

 

 -13- 

 

 

The changing economic environment may continue to create volatility and impact our operations and results.

 

Developments in the economy both specific and non-specific to the financial services industry have resulted in uncertainty in the financial markets in general and a related general economic uncertainty globally. As a consequence of the most recent protracted United States recessionary period, business activities across a wide range of industries have faced serious difficulties which have altered the way the industry approaches its markets. In recent fiscal periods, however; there have been bright spots in economic recovery; an increase in employment, in the housing market and in consumer spending, to cite some major factors. This is buoyed by, geo-political issues, fiscal and monetary policy shifts in the U.S. and the overall sustainability of positive sectors of the markets.

 

As a result of these factors affecting the overall economy, many lending institutions, including us, are cautious about the volatility and impact in the performance of their loans, including residential, construction, commercial and consumer loans. In addition, the values of real estate collateral supporting many commercial loans and home mortgages, while they have improved, remain subject to shifting dynamics in the broader markets. Moreover, competition among depository institutions for deposits and quality loans has increased significantly while the significant decline in economic growth has led to a slowdown in banking related activities. A worsening of these conditions would likely exacerbate the adverse effects of these difficult market conditions on us and others in the financial services industry. In particular, we may face the following risks in connection with these events:

 

we potentially face increased regulation of our industry and compliance with such regulation may increase our costs and limit our ability to pursue business opportunities;

 

customer demand for loans secured by real estate could be reduced due to weaker economic conditions, an increase in unemployment, a decrease in real estate values or an increase in interest rates;

 

the process we use to estimate losses inherent in our credit exposure requires difficult, subjective and complex judgments, including forecasts of economic conditions and how these economic conditions might impair the ability of our borrowers to repay their loans; and

  

the value of the portfolio of investment securities that we hold may be adversely affected.

 

Changes in interest rates could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operation.

 

Our net income depends primarily upon our net interest income. Net interest income is the difference between interest income earned on loans, investments and other interest-earning assets and the interest expense incurred on deposits and borrowed funds. The level of net interest income is primarily a function of the average balance of our interest-earning assets, the average balance of our interest-bearing liabilities, and the spread between the yield on such assets and the cost of such liabilities. These factors are influenced by both the pricing and mix of our interest-earning assets and our interest-bearing liabilities which, in turn, are impacted by such external factors as the local economy, competition for loans and deposits, the monetary policy of the Federal Open Market Committee of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors (the “FOMC”), and market interest rates.

 

Different types of assets and liabilities may react differently, and at different times, to changes in market interest rates. We expect that we will periodically experience gaps in the interest rate sensitivities of our assets and liabilities. That means either our interest-bearing liabilities will be more sensitive to changes in market interest rates than our interest-earning assets, or vice versa. When interest-bearing liabilities mature or re-price more quickly than interest-earning assets, an increase in market rates of interest could reduce our net interest income. Likewise, when interest-earning assets mature or re-price more quickly than interest-bearing liabilities, falling interest rates could reduce our net interest income. We are unable to predict changes in market interest rates, which are affected by many factors beyond our control, including inflation, deflation, recession, unemployment, money supply, domestic and international events and changes in the United States and other financial markets.

 

We also attempt to manage risk from changes in market interest rates, in part, by controlling the mix of interest rate sensitive assets and interest rate sensitive liabilities. However, interest rate risk management techniques are not exact. A rapid increase or decrease in interest rates could adversely affect our results of operations and financial performance.

 

 -14- 

 

 

Our high concentration of commercial real estate loans exposes us to increased lending risk.

 

As of September 30, 2017, the primary composition of our total loan portfolio was as follows:

 

commercial real estate loans of $437.8 million, or 52.0% of total loans;

 

construction and development loans of $54.0 million, or 6.4% of total loans;

 

commercial and industrial loans of $116.3 million, or 13.8% of total loans;

 

residential real estate loans of $192.5 million, or 22.9% of total loans and

 

consumer loans of $41.6 million, or 4.9% of total loans

 

Commercial real estate loans, which comprised 52.0% of our total loan portfolio as of September 30, 2017, expose us to a greater risk of loss than do residential mortgage loans. Commercial real estate loans typically involve larger loan balances to single borrowers or groups of related borrowers compared to residential loans. Consequently, an adverse development with respect to one commercial loan or one credit relationship exposes us to a significantly greater risk of loss compared to an adverse development with respect to one residential mortgage loan. Any significant failure to pay on time by our customers or a significant default by our customers would materially and adversely affect us.

 

Although the economy in our market area generally, and the real estate market in particular, is improving, we can give you no assurance that it will continue to grow or that the rate of growth will accelerate to historic levels. Many factors could reduce or halt growth in our local economy and real estate market. Accordingly, it may be more difficult for commercial real estate borrowers to repay their loans in a timely manner in the current economic climate, as commercial real estate borrowers’ ability to repay their loans frequently depends on the successful development of their properties. The deterioration of one or a few of our commercial real estate loans could cause a material increase in our level of nonperforming loans, which would result in a loss of revenue from these loans and could result in an increase in the provision for loan and lease losses and/or an increase in charge-offs, all of which could have a material adverse impact on our net income. We also may incur losses on commercial real estate loans due to declines in occupancy rates and rental rates, which may decrease property values and may decrease the likelihood that a borrower may find permanent financing alternatives. Given the continued weaknesses in the commercial real estate market in general, there may be loans where the value of our collateral has been negatively impacted. Any weakening of the commercial real estate market may increase the likelihood of default of these loans, which could negatively impact our loan portfolio’s performance and asset quality. If we are required to liquidate the collateral securing a loan to satisfy the debt during a period of reduced real estate values, we could incur material losses. Any of these events could increase our costs, require management time and attention, and materially and adversely affect us.

 

If our allowance for loan losses is not sufficient to cover actual loan losses, our earnings will decrease.

 

Like all financial institutions, we maintain an allowance for loan losses to provide for loan defaults and nonperformance. In determining the amount of the allowance for loan losses, we review our loans and our loss and delinquency experience, and we evaluate economic conditions. If our assumptions are incorrect, our allowance for loan losses may not be sufficient to cover losses inherent in our loan portfolio.

 

In addition, bank regulators periodically review our allowance for loan losses and may require us to increase our provision for loan losses or recognize further loan charge-offs. Any increase in our allowance for loan losses or loan charge-offs as required by these regulatory authorities might have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

A new accounting standard will likely require us to increase our allowance for loan losses and may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Financial Accounting Standards Board has adopted a new accounting standard that will be effective for the Company and the Bank after December 15, 2019.  This standard, referred to as Current Expected Credit Loss, or CECL, will require financial institutions to determine periodic estimates of lifetime expected credit losses on loans, and recognize the expected credit losses as allowances for loan losses.  This will change the current method of providing allowances for loan losses that are probable, which would likely require us to increase our allowance for loan losses, and to greatly increase the types of data we would need to collect and review to determine the appropriate level of the allowance for loan losses.  Any increase in our allowance for loan losses or expenses incurred to determine the appropriate level of the allowance for loan losses may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

 -15- 

 

 

Failure to maintain effective internal controls in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act could have a material adverse effect on our business and stock price.

 

Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires us to evaluate annually the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting as of the end of each fiscal year and to include a management report assessing the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. Section 404 also requires our independent registered public accounting firm to report on our internal controls over financial reporting. If we fail to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls, we cannot assure you that we will be able to conclude in the future that we have effective internal controls over financial reporting. If we fail to maintain effective internal controls, we might be subject to sanctions or investigation by regulatory authorities, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) or NASDAQ. Any such action could adversely affect our financial results and the market price of our common stock and may also result in delayed filings with the SEC.

 

As we previously disclosed, in November 21, 2017, we were advised by BDO USA, LLP (“BDO”), our independent registered public accounting firm, that BDO had concluded that a material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting existed, and that BDO’s report on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2016 in Item 9A of the Company’s fiscal 2016 10-K that the Company’ internal control over financial reporting was effective as of September 30, 2016, should no longer be relied upon. BDO also informed us at that time that BDO’s audit report on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2016 and 2015, and for each of the years in the two year period ended September 30, 2016, and BDO’s completed interim reviews of the Company’s consolidated interim financial statements as of and for the periods ended December 31, 2016, March 31, 2017 and June 30, 2017 (collectively, the “Specified Financial Statements”), should no longer be relied upon. We have restated the Specified Financial Statements, which were included in amendments to the Company’s fiscal 2016 10-K and 10-Qs for the first three quarters of fiscal 2017 that we have filed with the SEC. The matters described above related to our income tax account balances. As a result of the foregoing, management has determined that its internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2017 was not effective. See Item 9A herein. While management believes that it has remediated the underlying causes of this material weakness, if our remediation efforts do not operate effectively or if we are unsuccessful in implementing or following our remediation efforts, this may result in untimely or inaccurate reporting of our financial results.

 

Strong competition within our market area could hurt our profits and slow growth.

 

The banking and financial services industry in our market area is highly competitive. We may not be able to compete effectively in our markets, which could adversely affect our results of operations. The increasingly competitive environment is a result of changes in regulation, changes in technology and product delivery systems, and consolidation among financial service providers. Larger institutions have greater access to capital markets, with higher lending limits and a broader array of services. Competition may require increases in deposit rates and decreases in loan rates, and adversely impact our net interest margin.

 

The effects of the current economic conditions have been particularly severe in our primary market areas.

 

Substantially all of our loans are to individuals, businesses and real estate developers in Chester County, Pennsylvania and neighboring areas in southern Pennsylvania, New Jersey and the New York metropolitan marketplace.  Our business depends significantly on general economic conditions in these market areas.  While these areas at present show stable trends and good economic conditions, a change in these trends and/or an economic downturn in the local real estate market could harm our financial condition and results of operation in the following ways:

 

  Loan delinquencies may increase further;

 

  Problem assets and foreclosures may increase further;

 

  Demand for our products and services may decline;

 

  The carrying value of our other real estate owned may decline further; and

 

 -16- 

 

 

  Collateral for loans made by us, especially real estate, may continue to decline in value, in turn reducing a customer’s borrowing power, and reducing the value of assets and collateral associated with our loans.

 

We operate in a highly regulated environment and we may be adversely affected by changes in laws and regulations.

 

We are subject to extensive regulation, supervision and examination by the FRB, our primary federal regulator, the OCC, the Bank’s primary federal regulator, and by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, as insurer of the Bank’s deposits. Such regulation and supervision governs the activities in which an institution and its holding company may engage and are intended primarily for the protection of the insurance fund and the depositors and borrowers of the Bank rather than for holders of our common stock. Regulatory authorities have extensive discretion in their supervisory and enforcement activities, including the imposition of restrictions on our operations, the classification of our assets and determination of the level of our allowance for loan losses. Any change in such regulation and oversight, whether in the form of regulatory policy, regulations, legislation or supervisory action, may have a material impact on our operations.

 

The fair value of our investment securities can fluctuate due to market conditions outside of our control.

 

As of September 30, 2017, the fair value of our investment securities portfolio was approximately $49.5 million. We have historically taken a conservative investment strategy, with concentrations of securities that are backed by government sponsored enterprises. Factors beyond our control can significantly influence the fair value of securities in our portfolio and can cause potential adverse changes to the fair value of these securities. These factors include, but are not limited to, rating agency actions in respect of the securities, defaults by the issuer or with respect to the underlying securities, and changes in market interest rates and continued instability in the capital markets. Any of these factors, among others, could cause other-than-temporary impairments and realized and/or unrealized losses in future periods and declines in other comprehensive income, which could have a material adverse effect on us. The process for determining whether impairment of a security is other-than-temporary usually requires complex, subjective judgments about the future financial performance and liquidity of the issuer and any collateral underlying the security in order to assess the probability of receiving all contractual principal and interest payments on the security.

 

Our growth-oriented business strategy could be adversely affected if we are not able to attract and retain skilled employees or if we lose the services of our senior management team.

 

Our ability to manage growth will depend upon our ability to continue to attract, hire and retain skilled employees. The loss of members of our senior management team, including those officers named in the summary compensation table of our proxy statement, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and ability to execute our strategic goals. Our success will also depend on the ability of our officers and key employees to continue to implement and improve our operational and other systems, to manage multiple, concurrent customer relationships and to hire, train and manage our employees.

 

We are dependent on our information technology and telecommunications systems and third-party servicers, and systems failures, interruptions or breaches of security could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

Information technology systems are critical to our business. We use various technology systems to manage our customer relationships, general ledger, securities, deposits, and loans. We have established policies and procedures to prevent or limit the impact of system failures, interruptions, and security breaches (including privacy breaches), but such events may still occur and may not be adequately addressed if they do occur. In addition any compromise of our systems could deter customers from using our products and services. Although we rely on security systems to provide security and authentication necessary to effect the secure transmission of data, these precautions may not protect our systems from compromises or breaches of security.

 

In addition, we outsource a majority of our data processing to certain third-party providers. If these third-party providers encounter difficulties, or if we have difficulty communicating with them, our ability to adequately process and account for transactions could be affected, and our business operations could be adversely affected. Threats to information security also exist in the processing of customer information through various other vendors and their personnel.

 

 -17- 

 

 

The occurrence of any system failures, interruption, or breach of security could damage our reputation and result in a loss of customers and business thereby subjecting us to additional regulatory scrutiny, or could expose us to litigation and possible financial liability. Furthermore, we may be required to expend significant additional resources to modify our protective measures or to investigate and remediate vulnerabilities or other exposures arising from operational and security risks. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

The effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act on our business have not yet been fully analyzed and could have an adverse effect on our net income.

 

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”) was signed into law. We are in the process of analyzing the Act and its possible effects on the Company and the Bank. The Act reduces the corporate tax rate to 21 percent from 35 percent, among other things. It could also require us to write down our deferred tax assets, which would reduce our net income during the first quarter of fiscal 2018. We cannot determine at this time the amount of any such write down, or the full effects of the Act on our business and financial results.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 2. Properties.

 

At September 30, 2017, the Bank owns and maintains the premises in which the headquarters and six full-service financial centers are located, and leases a financial center in Glen Mills, Pennsylvania and in Villanova, Pennsylvania and a private banking office in Morristown, New Jersey. The Bank also leases representative offices in Montchanin, Delaware and Palm Beach, Florida. The location of each of the offices is as follows:

 

Paoli Headquarters   42 East Lancaster Avenue, Paoli, PA 19301
Paoli Financial Center   34 East Lancaster Avenue, Paoli, PA 19301
Malvern Financial Center   100 West King Street, Malvern, PA 19355
Exton Financial Center   109 North Pottstown Pike, Exton, PA 19341
Coventry Financial Center   1000 Ridge Road, Pottstown, PA 19465
Berwyn Financial Center   650 Lancaster Avenue, Berwyn, PA 19312
Lionville Financial Center   537 West Uwchlan Avenue, Downingtown, PA 19335
Glen Mills Financial Center   940 Baltimore Pike, Glen Mills, PA 19342
Villanova Private Banking Office   801 East Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085

Morristown Private Banking Office

 

163 Madison Avenue, 3rd Floor, Morristown, NJ 07960

Montchanin Representative Office   16 W. Rockland Road, Montchanin, Delaware 19710
Palm Beach Representative Office   205 Worth Avenue, Suite 308, Palm Beach, Florida 33480

 

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings.

 

The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to various legal actions arising in the normal course of business. In the opinion of management, the resolution of these legal actions is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.

 

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not Applicable.

 

PART II.

 

Item 5.  Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

The common stock of the Company is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “MLVF”. As of September 30, 2017, the Company had 427 stockholders of record, not including the number of persons or entities whose stock is held in nominee or “street” name through various brokerage firms and banks. On September 30, 2017, the closing sale price was $26.75.

 

 -18- 

 

 

The following table sets forth the high and low closing sales price of a share of the Company’s common stock for the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.

 

   Year Ended September 30, 
   2017   2016 
   High   Low   High   Low 
First Quarter  $21.25   $16.36   $17.70   $15.31 
Second Quarter  $22.00   $19.35   $17.65   $15.67 
Third Quarter  $24.60   $21.10   $16.50   $15.40 
Fourth Quarter  $26.95   $22.50   $17.20   $15.00 

 

For the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, no cash dividends per share of common stock were declared by the Company.

 

Stockholders Return Comparison

 

Set forth below is a line graph presentation comparing the cumulative stockholder return on the Company’s common stock, on a dividend reinvested basis, against the cumulative total returns of the Standard & Poor’s Composite, the SNL Mid-Atlantic Bank Index and the SNL Mid-Atlantic Thrift Index for the period from October 12, 2012 through September 30, 2017.

 

 

 -19- 

 

 

Item 6.  Selected Financial Data.

 

The following tables set forth selected consolidated financial data as of the dates and for the periods presented. The selected consolidated statement of financial condition data as of September 30, 2017 and 2016 and the selected consolidated summary of operating data for the years ended September 30, 2017, 2016 and 2015 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes that we have included elsewhere in this Annual Report. The selected consolidated statement of financial condition data as of September 30, 2015, 2014 and 2013 and the selected consolidated summary of operating data for the years ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 have been derived from audited consolidated financial statements that are not presented in this Annual Report.

 

The selected historical consolidated financial data as of any date and for any period are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be achieved as of any future date or for any future period. You should read the following selected statistical and financial data in conjunction with the more detailed information contained in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our consolidated financial statements and the related notes that we have presented elsewhere in this Annual Report.

 

All numbers set forth below reflect the restatements described under Item 7 herein.

 

   At September 30, 
   2017   2016   2015   2014   2013 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
Summary of Operating Data:                         
Total interest and dividend income  $33,782   $25,244   $20,462   $20,167   $22,301 
Total interest expense   9,446    6,732    5,248    5,071    6,944 
Net interest income   24,336    18,512    15,214    15,096    15,357 
Provision for loan losses   2,791    947    90    263    11,235 
Net interest income after provision for loan losses   21,545    17,565    15,124    14,833    4,122 
Total other income   2,341    2,333    2,535    2,155    2,860 
Total other expenses   15,147    13,922    13,961    16,644    19,775 
Income tax expense (benefit)   2,922    (6,174)   (970)   (367)   6,010 
Net income (loss)  $5,817   $12,150   $4,668   $711   $(18,803)
Earnings (loss) per share  $0.90   $1.90   $0.73   $0.11   $(2.96)
Dividends per share  $0.00   $0.00   $0.00   $0.00   $0.00 
                          
Statement of Financial Condition Data                         
Securities available for sale  $14,587   $66,387   $128,354   $100,943   $124,667 
Securities held to maturity   34,915    40,551    57,221    -    - 
Loans held for sale   -    -    -    -    10,367 
Loans receivable, net   834,331    574,160    391,307    386,074    401,857 
Total assets   1,046,012    821,272    655,690    542,264    601,554 
Deposits   790,396    602,046    465,522    412,953    484,596 
FHLB borrowings   118,000    118,000    103,000    48,000    38,000 
Other short-term borrowing   5,000                 
Shareholders’ equity   102,520    96,157    82,749    77,160    75,406 
Allowance for loan losses   8,405    5,434    4,667    4,589    5,090 
Non-accrual loans in portfolio   1,038    1,617    1,399    2,391    1,901 
Non-performing assets in portfolio   1,211    2,313    2,567    4,355    5,863 
Performing troubled debt restructurings in portfolio   2,238    2,039    1,091    1,009    1,346 
Non-performing assets and performing troubled debt restructurings in portfolio   3,449    4,352    3,658    5,364    7,209 
                          
Performance Ratios:                         
Return on average assets   0.62%   1.61%   0.75%   0.12%   (2.79)%
Return on average equity   5.93    14.07    5.79    0.94    (20.24)
Interest rate spread(1)   2.57    2.53    2.48    2.59    2.25 
Net interest margin(2)   2.72    2.65    2.62    2.74    2.43 
Non-interest expenses to average total assets   1.62    1.85    2.25    2.84    2.93 
Efficiency ratio(3)   57.39    67.22    77.62    96.74    110.95 
                          
Asset Quality Ratios:                         
Non-accrual loans as a percent of gross loans   0.12    0.28    0.35    0.62    0.47 
Non-performing assets as a percent of total assets   0.12    0.28    0.39    0.80    0.97 
Non-performing assets and performing troubled debt restructurings as a percent of total assets   0.33    0.53    0.56    0.99    1.20 
Allowance for loan losses as a percent of gross loans   1.00    0.94    1.18    1.18    1.26 
Allowance for loan losses as a percent of non-performing loans   694.04    234.93    333.60    191.93    267.75 
Net (recovery) charge-offs to average loans outstanding   (0.02)   0.04    0.00    0.19    3.07 
                          
Capital Ratios(4):                         
Total risk-based capital to risk weighted assets   15.78    15.42    17.30    20.87    18.97 
Tier 1 risk-based capital to risk weighted assets   14.75    14.50    16.21    19.62    17.72 
Tangible capital to tangible assets   N/A    N/A    N/A    12.17    10.91 
Tier 1 leverage (core) capital to adjustable tangible assets   12.02    10.98    11.01    12.17    10.91 
Shareholders’ equity to total assets   9.80    11.71    12.62    14.23    12.54 

 

 -20- 

 

 

 

(1)Represents the difference between the weighted average yield on interest earning assets and the weighted average cost of interest bearing liabilities.
(2)Net interest income divided by average interest earning assets.
(3)Efficiency ratio, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is computed by dividing other expense, less non-core items, by net interest income on a tax equivalent basis plus other income, excluding net securities gains (losses). Included in non-core items are costs which include expenses related to the Company’s corporate restructuring initiatives. The Company believes these adjustments are necessary to provide the most accurate measure of core operating results as a means to evaluate comparative results.  See table below for the calculation of the efficiency ratio.
(4)Other than shareholders’ equity to total assets, all capital ratios are for the Bank only.

 

The following table presents the calculation of efficiency ratio.

 

   At September 30, 
   2017   2016   2015   2014   2013 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
Other expense  $15,147   $13,922   $13,961   $16,644   $19,775 
Less: non-core items   159    111    439         
Other expense, excluding non-core items   14,988    13,811    13,522    16,644    19,775 
Net interest income (tax-equivalent basis)   24,512    18,777    15,400    15,152    15,442 
Other income, excluding net investment securities gains   1,878    1,768    2,020    2,052    2,381 
Total   26,390    20,545    17,420    17,204    17,823 
Efficiency ratio   56.79%   67.22%   77.62%   96.74%   110.95%

 

 -21- 

 

 

Item 7.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The purpose of this analysis is to provide the reader with information relevant to understanding and assessing the Company’s results of operations for each of the past three years and financial condition for each of the past two years. To fully appreciate this analysis, the reader is encouraged to review the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto appearing under Item 8 of this report, and statistical data presented in this document.

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

See Page 1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for information regarding forward-looking statements.

 

Explanatory Note

 

As previously reported in a Form 8-K filed on November 28, 2017 (the “Item 4.02 8-K”), on November 21, 2017, the Company was advised by BDO USA, LLP (“BDO”), its independent registered public accounting firm, that the Company should disclose that BDO’s audit report on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2016 and 2015, and for each of the years in the two year period ended September 30, 2016, and BDO’s completed interim reviews of the Company’s consolidated interim financial statements as of and for the periods ended December 31, 2016, March 31, 2017 and June 30, 2017 (collectively, the “Specified Financial Statements”), should no longer be relied upon. As a result of the foregoing, the Company restated the Specified Financial Statements, which were included in amendments to the Company’s fiscal 2016 10-K and 10-Qs for the first three quarters of fiscal 2017 that the Company filed with the SEC.

 

The matters described above relate to the Company’s income tax account balances. The effect of these matters is to increase net income for fiscal 2016 by approximately $208,000, fiscal 2015 by approximately $970,000 and fiscal 2014 by approximately $388,000. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017, the net effect is a decrease to net income of approximately $796,000 and an increase in tax liability account of $796,000. These matters have no effect on the Company’s cash position, net interest margin, pre tax income or the Company’s operating expenses.

 

See Item 9A herein.

 

All numbers in this Annual Report on Form 10-K reflect the restatements referred to above.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Note 2 to our audited consolidated financial statements contains a summary of our significant accounting policies. Management believes our policy with respect to the methodology for the determination of the allowance for loan losses involves more complexity and requires management to make difficult and subjective judgments which often require assumptions or estimates about highly uncertain matters. Changes in these judgments, assumptions or estimates could materially impact results of operations. This critical policy and its application are periodically reviewed with the Audit Committee and our Board of Directors.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses

 

The allowance for loan losses represents management’s estimate of probable loan losses inherent in the loan portfolio. Determining the amount of the allowance for loan losses is considered a critical accounting estimate because it requires significant judgment and the use of estimates related to the amount and timing of expected future cash flows on impaired loans, estimated losses on pools of homogeneous loans based on historical loss experience, and consideration of current economic trends and conditions, all of which may be susceptible to significant change. The loan portfolio also represents the largest asset type on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition.

 

 -22- 

 

 

The evaluation of the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses includes, among other factors, an analysis of historical loss rates by loan category applied to current loan totals. However, actual loan losses may be higher or lower than historical trends, which vary. Actual losses on specified problem loans, which also are provided for in the evaluation, may vary from estimated loss percentages, which are established based upon a limited number of potential loss classifications. The allowance for loan losses is established through a provision for loan losses charged to expense. Management believes that the current allowance for loan losses will be adequate to absorb loan losses on existing loans that may become uncollectible based on the evaluation of known and inherent risks in the loan portfolio. The evaluation takes into consideration such factors as changes in the nature and size of the portfolio, overall portfolio quality, and specific problem loans and current economic conditions which may affect our borrowers’ ability to pay.

 

The evaluation also details historical losses by loan category and the resulting loan loss rates which are projected for current loan total amounts. Loss estimates for specified problem loans are also detailed. In addition, OCC, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review our allowance for loan losses. The OCC may require us to make additional provisions for loan losses based upon information available to them at the time of their examination. All of the factors considered in the analysis of the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses may be subject to change. To the extent actual outcomes differ from management estimates, additional provisions for loan losses may be required that could materially adversely impact earnings in future periods.

 

Other Real Estate Owned

 

Assets acquired through foreclosure consist of other real estate owned and financial assets acquired from debtors. Other real estate owned is carried at the lower of cost or fair value, less estimated selling costs. The fair value of other real estate owned is determined using current market appraisals obtained from approved independent appraisers, agreements of sale, and comparable market analysis from real estate brokers, where applicable. Changes in the fair value of assets acquired through foreclosure at future reporting dates or at the time of disposition will result in an adjustment in assets acquired through foreclosure expense or net gain (loss) on sale of assets acquired through foreclosure, respectively.

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

The Company uses fair value measurements to record fair value adjustments to certain assets to determine fair value disclosures. Investment and mortgage-backed securities available for sale are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Additionally, from time to time, the Company may be required to record at fair value other assets on a nonrecurring basis, such as impaired loans, real estate owned and certain other assets. These nonrecurring fair value adjustments typically involve application of lower-of-cost-or-market accounting or write-downs of individual assets.

 

Under the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements, the Company groups its assets at fair value in three levels, based on the markets in which the assets are traded and the reliability of the assumptions used to determine fair value. These levels are:

 

·     Level 1 – Valuation is based upon quoted prices for identical instruments traded in active markets.

 

·     Level 2 – Valuation is based upon quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant assumptions are observable in the market.

 

·     Level 3 – Valuation is generated from model-based techniques that use significant assumptions not observable in the market. These unobservable assumptions reflect the Company’s own estimates of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset.

 

Under FASB ASC Topic 820, the Company bases its fair values on the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. It is our policy to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when developing fair value measurements, in accordance with the fair value hierarchy in FASB ASC Topic 820.

 

 -23- 

 

 

Fair value measurements for assets where there exists limited or no observable market data and, therefore, are based primarily upon the Company’s or other third-party’s estimates, are often calculated based on the characteristics of the asset, the economic and competitive environment and other such factors. Therefore, the results cannot be determined with precision and may not be realized in an actual sale or immediate settlement of the asset. Additionally, there may be inherent weaknesses in any calculation technique, and changes in the underlying assumptions used, including discount rates and estimates of future cash flows, that could significantly affect the results of current or future valuations. At September 30, 2017, the Company had $137,000 of assets that were measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis using Level 3 measurements.

 

Income Taxes

 

We make estimates and judgments to calculate some of our tax liabilities and determine the recoverability of some of our deferred tax assets (“DTAs”), which arise from temporary differences between the tax and financial statement recognition of revenues and expenses. We also estimate a reserve for deferred tax assets if, based on the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion of the recorded deferred tax assets will not be realized in future periods. These estimates and judgments are inherently subjective. Historically, our estimates and judgments to calculate our deferred tax accounts have not required significant revision to our initial estimates.

 

In evaluating our ability to recover deferred tax assets, we consider all available positive and negative evidence, including our past operating results and our forecast of future taxable income. In determining future taxable income, we make assumptions for taxable income, the reversal of temporary differences and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies. These assumptions require us to make judgments about our future taxable income and are consistent with the plans and estimates we use to manage our business. Any reduction in estimated future taxable income may require us to record a valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets. An increase in the valuation allowance would result in additional income tax expense in the period and could have a significant impact on our future earnings.

 

Realization of a deferred tax asset requires us to exercise significant judgment and is inherently uncertain because it requires the prediction of future occurrences. Our net deferred tax asset amounted to $6.7 million and $8.8 million at September 30, 2017 and at September 30, 2016, respectively. Our total deferred tax assets decreased to $7.0 million at September 30, 2017 compared to $9.4 million at September 30, 2016. The Company’s DTA allowance as of September 30, 2016 of $61,000 has decreased by $61,000 to zero at September 30, 2017.

 

Due to the improvement in the Company’s earnings performance, both on a book and taxable income basis, the Company achieved three consecutive fiscal years of positive book income for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017 and has already exhibited eight consecutive quarters of positive taxable income as of the quarter ended September 30, 2017.

 

Other-Than-Temporary Impairment of Securities

 

Securities are evaluated on a quarterly basis, and more frequently when market conditions warrant such an evaluation, to determine whether declines in their value are other-than-temporary. To determine whether a loss in value is other-than-temporary, management utilizes criteria such as the reasons underlying the decline, the magnitude and duration of the decline and whether management intends to sell or expects that it is more likely than not that it will be required to sell the security prior to an anticipated recovery of the fair value. The term “other-than-temporary” is not intended to indicate that the decline is permanent, but indicates that the prospects for a near-term recovery of value is not necessarily favorable, or that there is a lack of evidence to support a realizable value equal to or greater than the carrying value of the investment. Once a decline in value for a debt security is determined to be other-than-temporary, the other-than-temporary impairment is separated into (a) the amount of the total other-than-temporary impairment related to a decrease in cash flows expected to be collected from the debt security (the credit loss) and (b) the amount of the total other-than-temporary impairment related to all other factors. The amount of the total other-than-temporary impairment related to the credit loss is recognized in earnings. The amount of the total other-than-temporary impairment related to all other factors is recognized in other comprehensive income.

 

Derivatives

 

The Company enters derivative financial instruments to manage exposures that arise from business activities that result in the payment of future uncertain cash amounts, the value of which are determined by interest rates. The Company is exposed to certain risks arising from both its business operations and economic conditions. The Company principally manages its exposures to a wide variety of business and operational risks through management of its core business activities. The Company manages economic risks, including interest rate, liquidity, and credit risk primarily by managing the amount, sources, and duration of its debt funding and the use of derivative financial instruments. The Company primarily uses interest rate swaps as part of its interest rate risk management strategy.

 

 -24- 

 

 

Interest rate swaps are valued by a third party, using models that primarily use market observable inputs, such as yield curves, and are validated by comparison with valuations provided by the respective counterparties. The credit risk associated with derivative financial instruments that are subject to master netting agreements is measured on a net basis by counterparty portfolio. The significant assumptions used in the models, which include assumptions for interest rates, are independently verified against observable market data where possible. Where observable market data is not available, the estimate of fair value becomes more subjective and involves a high degree of judgment. In this circumstance, fair value is estimated based on management’s judgment regarding the value that market participants would assign to the asset or liability. This valuation process takes into consideration factors such as market illiquidity. Imprecision in estimating these factors can impact the amount recorded on the balance sheet for an asset or liability with related impacts to earnings or other comprehensive income.

 

Overview and Strategy

 

Our business strategy is to operate as a well-capitalized and profitable financial institution dedicated to providing exceptional personal service to our individual and business customers. Highlights of our business strategy are discussed below:

 

Improving Core Earnings. With interest rates falling to historically low levels, it has become increasingly difficult for financial institutions to maintain acceptable levels of net interest income. Until recently, with the Bank unable to grow its asset base and loan portfolio, increasing interest income has been a challenge. This lack of growth in the loan portfolio through fiscal year-end 2014, combined with higher deposit and borrowing costs, have all contributed to a decline in the Banks’ net interest margin. In an effort to achieve consistent sustainable earnings, i.e. improve the net interest margin, we are implementing specific product and pricing strategies designed to increase the yield on loans and reduce the cost of funding. In fiscal 2014, we resumed originating commercial real estate loans and commercial business loans, which have higher yields than single-family residential mortgage loans, on a relatively modest basis in accordance with our business plan and our strengthened loan underwriting and loan administration policies and procedures. We also have established a funding composition plan, which is designed to increase checking accounts, primarily non-interest-bearing accounts, as well as savings and money market accounts. We are attempting to increase our core deposits, which we define as all deposit accounts other than certificates of deposit. At September 30, 2017, our core deposits amounted to 65.6% of total deposits ($518.6 million), compared to 58.4% of total deposits ($351.8 million) at September 30, 2016. We have continued our promotional efforts to increase core deposits. We review our deposit products on an ongoing basis and we are considering additional deposit products and are currently offering more flexible delivery options, such as mobile banking, as part of our efforts to increase core deposits. We expect to increase our commercial checking accounts and we plan to enhance our cross-marketing as part of our efforts to gain additional deposit relationships with our loan customers.

 

Maintain Low Levels of Problem Assets. We are continuing in our efforts to maintain low levels of problem assets. At September 30, 2017, our total non-performing assets in portfolio were $1.2 million or 0.12% of total assets, reflecting a reduction of $4.7 million, or 79.4%, compared to $5.9 million of total non-performing assets at September 30, 2013 (when total non-performing assets amounted to 0.97% of total assets). The October 2013 bulk sale of problem loans resulted in a dramatic reduction of the Company’s non-performing assets. The bulk sale was undertaken as an efficient mechanism for disposing of non-performing and underperforming assets and improving the Bank’s credit quality in the process. As a result of the sale, the Company significantly reduced its exposure to sectors that experienced economic weakness and significant declines in collateral valuations and has substantially reduced the amount of non-accruing loans.

 

Growing Our Loan Portfolio and Resuming Commercial Real Estate and Construction and Development Lending. We have resumed, on a relatively modest basis, the origination of commercial real estate loans and construction and development loans in our market area. Such loans are being underwritten in accordance with our strengthened loan underwriting standards and our enhanced credit review and administration procedures. We continue to believe that we can be a successful niche lender to small and mid-sized commercial borrowers and homebuilders in our market area. In light of the improvements in economic conditions and real estate values, we believe that the resumption of commercial real estate and construction and development lending in a planned, deliberative fashion with the loan underwriting and administrative enhancements that we have implemented in recent periods, together with modest loan growth, will increase our interest income and our returns in future periods.

 

 -25- 

 

 

Increasing Market Share Penetration. The Company continues to move forward with momentum in expanding our presence in key markets in 2017. We continue to execute on our business plans and are positioning the Company to take advantage of the growth activity we are achieving in our markets, which included our new wealth management locations in Palm Beach, Florida and Montchanin, Delaware. With the entry into Florida and Delaware markets, we are working to solidify and expand the service relationship with our new customers. We remain excited by the potential to create incremental shareholder value from our strategic growth. We believe that our earnings performance demonstrates the Company’s commitment to achieving meaningful growth, an essential component of providing consistent and favorable long-term returns to our shareholders. However, while we continue to see an improvement in balance sheet strength and core earnings performance, we remain cautious about the credit stability of the broader markets. We operate in a competitive market area for banking products and services. In recent years, we have been working to increase our deposit share in Chester and Delaware counties and we increased our marketing and promotional efforts. During fiscal year 2017, we continued to execute on our business plans and have positioned the Company to take advantage of the growth activity we are achieving in our markets, which includes our two new private banking/loan production offices in Villanova, Pennsylvania and Morristown, New Jersey. Our business plans call for us to achieve the transition to a commercial bank balance sheet. With entry into New Jersey lending market, we are working to solidify and expand the service relationship with our new customers. In our effort to increase market share as well as non-interest income, we plan to evaluate increasing our business in non-traditional products, such as wealth management.

 

Continuing to Provide Exceptional Customer Service. As a community-oriented savings bank, we take pride in providing exceptional customer service as a means to attract and retain customers. We deliver personalized service to our customers that distinguish us from the large regional banks operating in our market area. Our management team has strong ties to and deep roots in, the local community. We believe that we know our customers’ banking needs and can respond quickly to address them.

 

Introduction

 

The following sections discuss the Company’s Results of Operations, Asset and Liability Management, Liquidity and Capital Resources.

 

Results of Operations

 

Net income for the year ended September 30, 2017 was $5.8 million as compared to $12.2 million earned in fiscal 2016 and $4.7 million earned in fiscal 2015. Our net income for fiscal 2017 decreased by 52.1 percent compared to fiscal 2016. For fiscal 2017, the fully diluted earnings per common share was $0.90 as compared with $1.90 per share in fiscal 2016 and $0.73 per share in fiscal 2015. However, net income prior to income tax expense (benefit) showed $8.7 million in 2017 and $6.0 million in 2016, an increase of $2.8 million or 46.2%.

 

For the year ended September 30, 2017, the Company’s return on average shareholders’ equity (‘‘ROE’’) was 5.93 percent and its return on average assets (‘‘ROA’’) was 0.62 percent. The comparable ratios for the year ended September 30, 2016, were ROE of 14.07 percent and ROA of 1.61 percent.

 

Earnings for fiscal 2017 benefitted from increase in net income, as well as an increase in non interest income. The increases in non interest income, primarily in service charges and other fees, rental income and an increase in net gain on sale of loans, which were partially offset by an decrease in net gain on sale of investments and a decrease in earnings on bank owned life insurance. The increase in non-interest expenses was due to increases in salaries and benefits, occupancy expenses, advertising expenses, data processing expense, professional fees and other operating expenses. The increase was offset by decreases in FDIC insurance.

 

Use of Non-GAAP Disclosures

 

Reported amounts are presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The Company’s management believes that the supplemental non-GAAP information contained herein, including the efficiency ratio, are utilized by regulators and market analysts to evaluate a company’s financial condition and therefore, such information is useful to investors. These disclosures should not be viewed as a substitute for financial results determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, nor are they necessarily comparable to non-GAAP performance measures which may be presented by other companies.

 

 -26- 

 

 

Net Interest Income

 

Net interest income is the difference between the interest earned on the portfolio of earning assets (principally loans and investments) and the interest paid for deposits and borrowings, which support these assets. Net interest income is presented on a fully tax-equivalent basis by adjusting tax-exempt income (primarily interest earned on obligations of state and political subdivisions) by the amount of income tax which would have been paid had the assets been invested in taxable issues. We believe this to be the preferred measurement of net interest income as it provides a relevant comparison between taxable and non-taxable amounts.

 

The following table presents the components of net interest income on a fully tax-equivalent basis, a non-GAAP measure, for the periods indicated, together with a reconciliation of net interest income as reported under GAAP.

 

   Year Ended September 30, 
   2017   2016   2015 
(Dollars in thousands)  Amount   Increase
(Decrease)
from Prior
Year
   Percent
Change
   Amount   Increase
(Decrease)
from Prior
Year
   Percent
Change
   Amount   Increase
(Decrease)
from Prior
Year
   Percent
Change
 
                                     
Interest income:                                             
Loans, including fees  $30,850   $9,634    45.41   $21,216   $4,724    28.64   $16,492   $(1,251)   (7.05)
Investment securities   2,206    (1,624)   (42.40)   3,830    57    1.51    3,773    1,470    63.83 
Dividends, restricted stock   257    7    2.80    250    (61)   (19.61)   311    188    152.85 
Interest-bearing cash accounts   631    418    196.24    213    141    195.83    72    18    33.33 
Total interest income   33,944    8,435    33.07    25,509    4,861    23.54    20,648    425    2.10 
Interest expense:                                             
Deposits   6,236    1,699    37.45    4,537    1,106    32.24    3,431    (538)   (13.56)
Short-term borrowings   34    34    100.00                         
Long-term borrowings   2,176    (19)   (0.87)   2,195    378    20.80    1,817    715    64.88 
Borrowings   1,000    1,000    100.00                         
Total interest expense   9,446    2,714    40.31    6,732    1,484    28.28    5,248    177    3.49 
Net interest income  on a fully tax-equivalent basis   24,498    5,721    30.47    18,777    3,377    21.93    15,400    248    1.64 

Tax-equivalent adjustment (1)

   (162)   103    38.87    (265)   (79)   42.47    (186)   (130)   232.14 
Net interest income, as reported under GAAP  $24,336   $5,824    31.46   $18,512   $3,298    21.68   $15,214   $118    0.78 

 

 

(1) Computed using a federal income tax rate of 34 percent for Years ended September 30, 2017, 2016 and 2015.

 

Net interest income is directly affected by changes in the volume and mix of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, which support those assets, as well as changes in the rates earned and paid. Net interest income is presented in this financial review on a tax equivalent basis by adjusting tax-exempt income (primarily interest earned on various obligations of state and political subdivisions) by the amount of income tax which would have been paid had the assets been invested in taxable issues, and then in accordance with the Company’s consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, the net interest income data presented in this financial review differ from the Company’s net interest income components of the Consolidated Financial Statements presented elsewhere in this report.

 

Net interest income, on a tax-equivalent basis, for the year ended September 30, 2017 increased $5.7 million, or 30.5 percent, to $24.5 million, from $18.8 million for fiscal 2016. The Company’s net interest margin increased seven basis points to 2.72 percent in fiscal 2017 from 2.65 percent for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016. From fiscal 2015 to fiscal 2016, net interest income on a tax equivalent basis increased by $3.4 million and the net interest margin increased by three basis points. During fiscal 2017, our net interest margin was impacted by increases in the yield on investments and interest-bearing cash accounts, as well as increase in the cost of deposits and borrowings and decreases in the yield on loans and FHLB stock.

 

 -27- 

 

 

The increase in net interest income during fiscal 2017 was attributable in part to the slight increase in short-term interest rates that continued to remain at historic low levels throughout 2017. The Company experienced growth of $7.6 million in non-interest bearing deposits during fiscal 2017 and $157.3 million in interest-bearing demand, savings, money market and time deposits under $100,000 during fiscal 2017 as customers’ desire for safety and liquidity continued to remain as one of their primary investment concerns. During the twelve months ended September 30, 2017, the Company’s net interest spread increased by four basis points reflecting a 17 basis points increase in the average yield on interest-earning assets as well as a 13 basis points increase in the average interest rates paid on interest-bearing liabilities.

 

For the year ended September 30, 2017, average interest-earning assets increased by $191.3 million to $900.7 million, as compared with the year ended September 30, 2016. The fiscal 2017 change in average interest-earning asset volume was primarily due to increased loan volume. Average interest-bearing liabilities increased by $158.5 million in fiscal 2017 compared to fiscal 2016, due primarily to an increase in average interest-bearing deposits of $137.2 million and a $21.3 million increase in average borrowings.

 

For the year ended September 30, 2016, average interest-earning assets increased by $122.7 million to $709.5 million, as compared with the year ended September 30, 2015. The fiscal 2016 change in average interest-earning asset volume was primarily due to increased loan volume. Average interest-bearing liabilities increased by $123.7 million in fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015, due primarily to an increase in average interest-bearing deposits of $99.7 million and a $24.0 million increase in average borrowings.

 

The factors underlying the year-to-year changes in net interest income are reflected in the tables presented on pages 27 and 28, each of which have been presented on a tax-equivalent basis (assuming a 34 percent tax rate for fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015). The table on page 30 (Average Statements of Condition with Interest and Average Rates) shows the Company’s consolidated average balance of assets, liabilities and shareholders’ equity, the amount of income produced from interest-earning assets and the amount of expense incurred from interest-bearing liabilities, and net interest income as a percentage of average interest-earning assets.

 

Net Interest Margin

 

The following table quantifies the impact on net interest income (on a tax-equivalent basis) resulting from changes in average balances and average rates over the past three years. Any change in interest income or expense attributable to both changes in volume and changes in rate has been allocated in proportion to the relationship of the absolute dollar amount of change in each category.

 

Analysis of Variance in Net Interest Income Due to Volume and Rates

 

  

Fiscal 2017/2016

Increase (Decrease)

Due to Change in:

  

Fiscal 2016/2015

Increase (Decrease)

Due to Change in:

 
(In thousands) 

Average

Volume

  

Average

Rate

  

Net

Change

  

Average

Volume

  

Average

Rate

  

Net

Change

 
Interest-earning assets:                              
Loans, including fees  $9,628   $6   $9,634   $5,313   $(589)  $4,724 
Investment securities   (1,656)   32    (1,624)   (202)   259    57 
Interest-bearing cash accounts   116    302    418    12    129    141 
Dividends, restricted stock   9    (3)   6    62    (123)   (61)
Total interest-earning assets   8,097    337    8,434    5,185    (324)   4,861 
Interest-bearing liabilities:                              
Money market deposits   599    597    1,196    246    357    603 
Savings deposits   (1)   6    5        3    3 
Certificates of deposit   440    (72)   368    432    12    444 
Other interest-bearing deposits   20    110    130    3    53    56 
Total interest-bearing deposits   1,058    641    1,699    681    425    1,106 
Borrowings   403    611    1,014    475    (97)   378 
Total interest-bearing liabilities   1,461    1,252    2,713    1,156    328    1,484 
Change in net interest income  $6,636   $(915)  $5,721   $4,029   $(652)  $3,377 

 

Interest income on a tax-equivalent basis for the year ended September 30, 2017 increased by approximately $8.4 million or 33.1 percent as compared with the year ended September 30, 2016. This increase was due primarily to increases in the balances of the Company’s loans. Interest income on a tax-equivalent basis for the year ended September 30, 2016 increased by approximately $4.9 million or 23.5 percent as compared with the year ended September 30, 2015. This increase was due primarily to increases in the balances of the Company’s loans.

 

 -28- 

 

 

The average balance of the Company’s loan portfolio increased $230.5 million in fiscal 2017 to $738.5 million from $508.0 million in fiscal 2016, primarily driven by an increase in commercial real estate loans.

 

The average loan portfolio represented approximately 82.0 percent of the Company’s interest-earning assets (on average) during fiscal 2017 and 71.6 percent for fiscal 2016. Average investment securities decreased during fiscal 2017 by $64.8 million compared to fiscal 2016. The average yield on interest-earning assets increased from 3.60 percent in fiscal 2016 to 3.77 percent in fiscal 2017.

 

Interest expense for the year ended September 30, 2017 was principally impacted by both volume and rate mix related factors. The changes resulted in increased expense of $2.7 million due to an increase in deposits and borrowings in fiscal 2017. Average interest-bearing liabilities increased $158.5 million from fiscal 2016 to fiscal 2017. For the year ended September 30, 2016, interest expense increased $1.5 million as compared with fiscal 2015, principally reflecting an increase in deposits and borrowings. Average interest-bearing liabilities increased $123.7 million from fiscal 2015 to fiscal 2016.

 

The Company’s net interest spread on a tax-equivalent basis (i.e., the average yield on average interest-earning assets, calculated on a tax equivalent basis, minus the average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities) increased four basis points to 2.57 percent in fiscal 2017 from 2.53 percent for the year ended September 30, 2016. The increase in fiscal 2017 reflected an increase of spreads between yields earned on investments and interest-bearing cash accounts and rates paid for supporting funds. The net interest spread increased five basis points in fiscal 2016 as compared with fiscal 2015, primarily as a result of an increase of spreads between yields earned on investments and interest-bearing cash accounts and rates paid for supporting funds.

 

The cost of total average interest-bearing liabilities increased to 1.20 percent, an increase of 13 basis points, for the year ended September 30, 2017, from 1.07 percent for the year ended September 30, 2016, which followed an increase of three basis points from 1.04 percent for the year ended September 30, 2015.

 

The following table, ‘‘Average Statements of Condition with Interest and Average Rates’’, on a tax-equivalent basis presents for the years ended September 30, 2017, 2016 and 2015, the Company’s average assets, liabilities and shareholders’ equity. The Company’s net interest income, net interest spreads and net interest income as a percentage of interest-earning assets (net interest margin) are also reflected.

 

 -29- 

 

 

   Year Ended September 30, 
   2017   2016   2015 
   Average
Outstanding
Balance
   Interest
Earned/
Paid
   Average
Yield/
Rate
   Average
Outstanding
Balance
   Interest
Earned/
Paid
   Average
Yield/
Rate
   Average
Outstanding
Balance
   Interest
Earned/
Paid
   Average
Yield/
Rate
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
ASSETS                                             
Interest earning assets:                                             
Loans receivable(1)  $738,496   $30,850    4.18%  $507,973   $21,216    4.18%  $384,125   $16,492    4.29%
Investment securities   85,030    2,206    2.59    149,812    3,830    2.56    158,282    3,773    2.38 
Deposits in other banks   71,754    631    0.88    46,429    213    0.46    39,975    72    0.18 
FHLB stock   5,436    257    4.72    5,243    250    4.77    4,369    311    7.12 

Total interest earning assets(1)

   900,716    33,944    3.77    709,457    25,509    3.60    586,751    20,648    3.52 
Non-interest earning assets                                             
Cash and due from banks   1,789              15,585              7,003           
Bank owned life insurance   18,683              18,165              18,492           
Other assets   20,151              14,177              13,592           
Allowance for loan losses   (6,930)             (4,968)             (4,610)          
Total non-interest earning assets   33,693              42,959              34,477           
Total assets  $934,409             $752,416             $621,228           
                                              
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY                                             
Interest bearing liabilities:                                             
Money Market accounts  $234,204   $2,069    0.88%  $138,997   $874    0.63%  $72,467   $271    0.37%
Savings accounts   43,937    37    0.08    45,060    32    0.07    44,975    29    0.06 
Certificate accounts   270,054    3,861    1.43    239,810    3,492    1.46    209,994    3,048    1.45 
Other interest- bearing deposits   102,936    269    0.26    90,054    139    0.15    86,814    83    0.10 
Total deposits   651,131    6,236    0.96    513,921    4,537    0.88    414,250    3,431    0.83 
Borrowed funds   136,885    3,210    2.34    115,598    2,195    1.90    91,588    1,817    1.98 
Total interest-bearing liabilities   788,016    9,446    1.20    629,519    6,732    1.07    505,838    5,248    1.04 
Non-interest bearing liabilities                                             
Demand deposits   40,759              31,263              28,650           
Other liabilities   6,044              5,262              6,775           
Total non-interest-bearing liabilities   46,803              36,525              35,425           
Shareholders’ equity   99,590              86,372              79,965           
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity  $934,409             $752,416             $621,228           
Net interest income (tax-equivalent basis)       $24,498             $18,777             $15,400      
Net interest spread             2.57%             2.53%             2.48%
Net interest margin             2.72%             2.65%             2.62%
Tax-equivalent adjustment(2)        (162)             (265)             (186)     
Net Interest income       $24,336             $18,512             $15,214      

 

 

(1) Includes non-accrual loans during the respective periods. Calculated net of deferred loan fees and loan discounts.

(2) The tax-equivalent adjustment was computed based on a statutory Federal income tax rate of 34 percent for fiscal years 2017, 2016 and 2015.

 

 -30- 

 

 

Investment Portfolio

 

For the year ended September 30, 2017, the average volume of investment securities decreased by $64.8 million to approximately $85.0 million or 9.4 percent of average earning assets, from $149.8 million on average, or 21.1 percent of average earning assets, in fiscal 2016. At September 30, 2017, the total investment portfolio amounted to $49.5 million, a decrease of $57.4 million from September 30, 2016. The decrease in the investment portfolio was done in the ordinary course of business policy, with the proceeds used to fund loan growth. It was primarily the result of available-for-sale investment securities sold during fiscal 2017. At September 30, 2017, the principal components of the investment portfolio were government agency obligations, Federal agency obligations including mortgage-backed securities, obligations of U.S. states and political subdivision, corporate bonds and notes, and equity securities.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2017, volume related factors decreased investment revenue by $1.7 million, while rate related factors increased investment revenue by $32,000. The tax-equivalent yield on investments increased by three basis points to 2.59 percent from a yield of 2.56 percent during the year ended September 30, 2016. The decrease in the investment portfolio was attributed to the sales, amortization, and calls recorded during fiscal 2017. The yield on the portfolio increased in fiscal 2017 compared to fiscal 2016 due primarily to higher rates earned on taxable securities.

 

During fiscal 2015, the Company reclassified at fair value approximately $57.5 million in available-for-sale investment securities to the held-to-maturity category. The net unrealized loss at date of transfer amounted to $115,000. This is being amortized over the remaining life of the securities as an adjustment of yield, offsetting the related amortization of the premium or accretion of the discount on the transferred securities. No gains or losses were recognized at the time of reclassification. Management considers the held-to-maturity classification of these investment securities to be appropriate as the Company has the positive intent and ability to hold these securities to maturity.

 

As of September 30, 2017, the estimated fair value of the available-for-sale securities disclosed below was primarily dependent upon the movement in market interest rates, particularly given the negligible inherent credit risk associated with these securities. These investment securities are comprised of securities that are rated investment grade by at least one bond credit rating service. Although the fair value will fluctuate as the market interest rates move, management believes that these fair values will recover as the underlying portfolios mature and are reinvested in market rate yielding investments. As of September 30, 2017, the Company held two government agency securities, two municipal bonds, three corporate securities, 36 mortgage-backed securities and one single issuer trust preferred security which were in an unrealized loss position. The Company does not intend to sell and expects that it is not more likely than not that it will be required to sell these securities until such time as the value recovers or the securities mature. Management does not believe any individual unrealized loss as of September 30, 2017 represents other-than-temporary impairment.

 

Securities available-for-sale are a part of the Company’s interest rate risk management strategy and may be sold in response to changes in interest rates, changes in prepayment risk, liquidity management and other factors. The Company continues to reposition the investment portfolio as part of an overall corporate-wide strategy to produce reasonable and consistent margins where feasible, while attempting to limit risks inherent in the Company’s balance sheet.

 

For fiscal 2017, proceeds of investment securities sold amounted to approximately $51.1 million. Gross realized gains on investment securities sold amounted to approximately $464,000, while gross realized losses amounted to approximately $1,000, for the period. For fiscal 2016, proceeds of investment securities sold amounted to approximately $62.8 million. Gross realized gains on investment securities sold amounted to approximately $595,000, while gross realized losses amounted to approximately $30,000, for the period. For fiscal 2015, proceeds of investment securities sold amounted to approximately $70.4 million. Gross realized gains on investment securities sold amounted to approximately $610,000, while gross realized losses amounted to approximately $95,000, for the period.

 

The varying amount of sales from the available-for-sale portfolio over the past few years, and the significant volume of such sales in fiscal 2017, reflect the significant volatility present in the market. Given the historic low interest rates prevalent in the market, it is necessary for the Company to protect itself from interest rate exposure. Securities that once appeared to be sound investments can, after changes in the market, become securities that the Company has the flexibility to sell to avoid losses and mismatches of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities at a later time.

 

 -31- 

 

 

The table below illustrates the maturity distribution and weighted average yield on a tax-equivalent basis for investment securities at September 30, 2017 on a contractual maturity basis.

 

   One year or less   More than One Year
through Five Years
   More than Five Years
through Ten Years
   More than Ten Years   Total 
   Amortized
Cost
   Weighted
Average
Yield
  

Amortized

Cost

  

Weighted

Average

Yield

   Amortized
Cost
   Weighted
Average
Yield
   Amortized
Cost
   Weighted
Average
Yield
   Amortized
Cost
   Fair
Value
   Weighted
Average
Yield
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
Available for Sale Securities:                                                       
State and municipal obligations  $-     -%  $4,207    1.87%  $2,330    1.90%  $455    3.40%  $6,992   $7,029    1.98%
Single issuer trust preferred security   -    -    -    -    -    -    1,000    1.948    1,000    934    1.94 
Corporate debt securities   -    -    -    -    6,627    2.89    -    -    6,627    6,374    2.89 
Mutual fund   -    -    250    2.00    -    -    -    -    250    250    2.00 
Total  $-    -%  $4,457    1.88%  $8,957    2.63%  $1,455    2.39%  $14,869   $14,587    2.38%
                                                        
Held to Maturity Securities:                                                       
U.S. government agencies and obligations  $-    -   1,999    1.29%  $-    -%   $-    -%   $1,999    1,991    1.29%
State and municipal obligations   -    -    -    -    1,895    2.24    7,679    1.49    9,574    9,663    1.64 
Corporate debt securities   -    -    -    -    3,818    3.82    -    -    3,818    3,844    3.82 
Mortgage-backed securities   -    -    -    -    -    -    19,524    1.79    19,524    19,068    1.78 
Total  $-    -%  $1,999    1.29%  $5,713    3.30%  $27,203    1.70%   34,915    34,566    1.94%
Total Investment Securities  $-    -%  $6,456    1.70%  $14,670    2.89%  $28,658    1.74%  $49,784   $49,153    2.07%

 

For information regarding the carrying value of the investment portfolio, see Note 5 and Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

The following table sets forth the carrying value of the Company’s investment securities, as of September 30, for each of the last three years.

 

(In thousands)  2017   2016   2015 
             
Investment Securities Available-for-Sale:               
U.S. government agencies  $   $   $815 
State and municipal obligations   7,029    25,307    42,083 
Single issuer trust preferred security   934    878    850 
Corporate debt securities   6,374    40,202    69,982 
Mutual Fund   250         
Mortgage-backed securities:               
Federal National Mortgage Association           8,692 
Federal Home Loan Mortgage Company           5,932 
Collateralized mortgage obligations            
Total available-for-sale  $14,587   $66,387   $128,354 
Investment Securities Held-to-Maturity:               
U.S. government agencies  $1,999   $2,999   $14,301 
State and municipal obligations   9,574    9,826    10,075 
Corporate debt securities   3,818    3,916    4,011 
Mortgage-backed securities:               
Collateralized mortgage obligations, fixed- rate   19,524    23,810    28,834 
Total held-to-maturity  $34,915   $40,551   $57,221 
                
Total investment securities  $49,502   $106,938   $185,575 

 

 -32- 

 

 

For information regarding the Company’s investment portfolio, see Note 5 and Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Loan Portfolio

 

Lending is one of the Company’s primary business activities. The Company’s loan portfolio consists of residential, construction and development, commercial and consumer loans, serving the diverse customer base in its market area. The composition of the Company’s portfolio continues to change due to the local economy. Factors such as the economic climate, interest rates, real estate values and employment all contribute to these changes. Growth is generated through business development efforts, repeat customer requests for new financings, penetration into existing markets and entry into new markets.

 

The Company seeks to create growth in commercial lending by offering customer-focused products and competitive pricing and by capitalizing on the positive trends in its market area. Products offered are designed to meet the financial requirements of the Company’s customers. It is the objective of the Company’s credit policies to diversify the commercial loan portfolio to limit concentrations in any single industry.

 

At September 30, 2017, total gross loans amounted to $842.1 million, an increase of $263.8 million or 45.6 percent as compared to September 30, 2016. For the year ended September 30, 2017, growth of $264.4 million in commercial loans and $25.4 million in construction and development loans were partially offset by decreases of $16.7 million in residential mortgage loans and $9.3 million in total consumer loans. Even though the Company continues to be challenged by the competition for lending relationships that exists within its market, growth in volume has been achieved through successful lending sales efforts to build on continued customer relationships.

 

 The average balance of our total loans increased $230.5 million or 45.4 percent for the year ended September 30, 2017 as compared to September 30, 2016, while the average yield on loans remained the same in fiscal 2017 compared with fiscal 2016. The increase in average total loan volume was due primarily to the volume of new loan originations. During fiscal 2017 compared to fiscal 2016, the volume-related factors during the period contributed to an increase of interest income on loans of $9.6 million, while the rate-related changes increased interest income by $6,000.

 

The following table presents information regarding the components of the Company’s loan portfolio on the dates indicated.

 

   September 30, 
   2017   2016   2015   2014   2013 
   (In thousands) 
Residential mortgage  $192,500   $209,186   $214,958   $231,324   $239,900 
Construction and Development:                         
 Residential and commercial   35,622    18,579    5,677    5,964    6,672 
 Land   18,377    10,013    2,142    1,033    2,439 
Total construction and development   53,999    28,592    7,819    6,997    9,111 
Commercial:                         
 Commercial real estate   437,760    231,439    87,686    71,579    70,571 
 Multi-family   39,768    19,515    7,444    1,032    1,971 
 Farmland   1,723    -    -    -    - 
 Other   74,837    38,779    13,380    5,480    5,573 
Total commercial   554,088    289,733    108,510    78,091    78,115 
Consumer:                         
 Home equity lines of credit   16,509    19,757    22,919    22,292    20,431 
 Second mortgages   22,480    29,204    37,633    47,034    54,532 
 Other   2,570    1,914    2,359    2,839    2,648 
Total consumer   41,559    50,875    62,911    72,165    77,611 
Total loans   842,146    578,386    394,198    388,577    404,737 
Deferred loan fees and costs, net   590    1,208    1,776    2,086    2,210 
Allowance for loan losses   (8,405)   (5,434)   (4,667)   (4,589)   (5,090)
 Loans receivable, net  $834,331   $574,160   $391,307   $386,074   $401,857 

 

 -33- 

 

 

At September 30, 2017, our net loan portfolio totaled $834.3 million or 79.8% of total assets. Our principal lending activity has been the origination of loans collateralized by one-to four-family, also known as “single-family,” residential real estate loans located in our market area. In light of the increased levels of our non-performing and problem assets in recent fiscal years, we have taken certain actions to strengthen and enhance our loan underwriting policies and procedures and our loan administration and oversight policies and procedures. We have revised both our consumer loan policy and our commercial loan policy to address certain minimum loan-to-value (“LTV”) ratios, maximum gross debt ratios and minimum debt coverage ratio policy requirements. We have invested in and implemented software which facilitates our ability to internally review and grade loans in our portfolio and to monitor loan performance. Our Credit Review Department’s primary focus has been to review and maintain the loan portfolio, along with the review of underwriting of all new credits.

 

At times, the Company purchases single-family residential mortgage loans and consumer loans from a network of mortgage brokers. These loans are underwritten at the Bank and closed in the Bank’s name.

 

The types of loans that we originate are subject to federal and state law and regulations. Interest rates charged by us on loans are affected principally by the demand for such loans and the supply of money available for lending purposes and the rates offered by our competitors. These factors are, in turn, affected by general and economic conditions, the monetary policy of the federal government, including the Federal Reserve Board, legislative tax policies and governmental budgetary matters.

 

The loans receivable portfolio is segmented into residential mortgage loans, construction and development loans, commercial loans and consumer loans. The residential mortgage loan segment has one class, one-to four-family first lien residential mortgage loans. The construction and development loan segment consists of the following classes: residential and commercial construction loans and land loans. Residential construction loans are made for the acquisition of and/or construction on a lot or lots on which a residential dwelling is to be built and occupied by the home-owner. Commercial construction loans are made for the purpose of acquiring, developing and constructing a commercial use structure and for acquisition, development and construction of residential properties by residential developers. The commercial loan segment consists of the following classes: commercial real estate loans, multi-family real estate loans, and other commercial loans, which are also generally known as commercial and industrial loans or commercial business loans. The consumer loan segment consists of the following classes: home equity lines of credit, second mortgage loans and other consumer loans, primarily unsecured consumer lines of credit.

 

Residential Lending. Residential mortgage originations are secured primarily by properties located in the Company’s primary market area and surrounding areas. At September 30, 2017, $192.5 million, or 22.9%, of our total loans in portfolio consisted of single-family residential mortgage loans.

 

Our single-family residential mortgage loans generally are underwritten on terms and documentation conforming to guidelines issued by Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae. Applications for one-to four-family residential mortgage loans are taken by our loan origination officers and are accepted at any of our banking offices and are then referred to the lending department at our main office in order to process the loan, which consists primarily of obtaining all documents required by Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae underwriting standards, and completing the underwriting, which includes making a determination whether the loan meets our underwriting standards such that the Bank can extend a loan commitment to the customer. We generally have retained for portfolio a substantial portion of the single-family residential mortgage loans that we originate. We currently originate fixed-rate, fully amortizing mortgage loans with maturities of 10 to 30 years. We also offer adjustable rate mortgage (“ARM”) loans where the interest rate either adjusts on an annual basis or is fixed for the initial one, three or five years and then adjusts annually. However, due to the low interest rate environment and demand for fixed rate products, we have not originated a significant amount of ARM loans in recent years. At September 30, 2017, $44.4 million, or 23.1%, of our one-to four-family residential mortgage loans consisted of ARM loans.

 

We underwrite one-to four-family residential mortgage loans with loan-to-value ratios of up to 95%, provided that the borrower obtains private mortgage insurance on loans that exceed 80% of the appraised value or sales price, whichever is less, of the secured property. We also require that title insurance, hazard insurance and, if appropriate, flood insurance be maintained on all properties securing real estate loans. We require that a licensed appraiser from our list of approved appraisers perform and submit to us an appraisal on all properties secured by a first mortgage on one-to four-family first mortgage loans. Our mortgage loans generally include due-on-sale clauses which provide us with the contractual right to deem the loan immediately due and payable in the event the borrower transfers ownership of the property. Due-on-sale clauses are an important means of adjusting the yields of fixed-rate mortgage loans in portfolio and we generally exercise our rights under these clauses.

 

 -34- 

 

 

Construction and Development Loans. The amount of our outstanding construction and development loans in portfolio increased to $54.0 million or 6.4% of gross loans at September 30, 2017 from $28.6 million or 4.9% of total loans as of September 30, 2016. From October 2009 through September 30, 2013, we ceased originating any new construction and development loans, with certain limited exceptions. During fiscal 2014, we resumed originating construction loans to builders and developers in our market area, on a relatively modest basis consistent with our business plan filed with the OCC. We generally limit construction loans to builders and developers with whom we have an established relationship, or who are otherwise known to officers of the Bank. Our construction loans also include single-family residential construction loans which may if approved convert to permanent, long-term mortgage loans upon completion of construction (“construction/perm” loans). During the initial or construction phase, these construction/perm loans require payment of interest only, which generally is tied to prime rate, as the home is being constructed. On residential construction to perm loans the interest rate is as approved. Upon the earlier of the completion of construction or one year, these loans if approved by the appropriate approving authority convert to long-term (generally 30 years), amortizing, fixed-rate single-family mortgage loans.

 

Our current portfolio of construction loans generally have a maximum term as approved based upon the underwriting (for individual, owner-occupied dwellings), and loan-to-value ratios less than 80%. Residential construction loans to developers are made on either a pre-sold or speculative (unsold) basis. Limits are placed on the number of units that can be built on a speculative basis based upon the reputation and financial position of the builder, his/her present obligations, the location of the property and prior sales in the development and the surrounding area. Generally, a limit of two unsold homes (one model home and one speculative home) is placed per project.

 

Prior to committing to a construction loan, we require that an independent appraiser prepare an appraisal of the property. Each project also is reviewed and inspected at its inception and prior to every disbursement of loan proceeds. Disbursements are made after inspections based upon a percentage of project completion and monthly payment of interest is required on all construction loans.

 

Our construction loans also include loans for the acquisition and development of land for sale (i.e. roads, sewer and water lines). We typically make these loans only in conjunction with a commitment for a construction loan for the units to be built on the site. These loans are secured by a lien on the property and are limited to a loan-to-value ratio not exceeding 75% of the appraised value at the time of origination. The loans have a variable rate of interest and require monthly payments of interest. The principal of the loan is repaid as units are sold and released. We limit loans of this type to our market area and to developers with whom we have established relationships. In most cases, we also obtain personal guarantees from the borrowers.

 

Our loan portfolio included nine loans secured by unimproved real estate and lots (“land loan”), with an outstanding balance of $18.4 million, constituting 2.2% of total loans, at September 30, 2017.

 

In order to mitigate some of the risks inherent to construction lending, we inspect properties under construction, review construction progress prior to advancing funds, work with builders with whom we have established relationships, require annual updating of tax returns and other financial data of developers and obtain personal guarantees from the principals. At September 30, 2017, $657,000, or 7.8 percent, of our allowance for loan losses was attributed to construction and development loans. We had no loans in non-performing construction and development loans in portfolio at September 30, 2017 and at September 30, 2016. At September 30, 2017 and 2016, we had $94,000 and $109,000, respectively, in construction and development loans that were performing troubled debt restructurings.

 

Commercial Lending. At September 30, 2017, our loans in portfolio secured by commercial real estate amounted to $437.8 million and constituted 52.0 percent of our gross loans at such date. During the year ended September 30, 2017, the commercial real estate loan portfolio increased by $206.3 million, or 89.2 percent. During fiscal 2017, we had zero charge-offs of commercial real estate loans, as compared to $99,000 in charge-offs at fiscal 2016.

 

Our commercial real estate loan portfolio consists primarily of loans secured by office buildings, retail and industrial use buildings, strip shopping centers, mixed-use and other properties used for commercial purposes located in its market area.

 

 -35- 

 

 

Although terms for commercial real estate and multi-family loans vary, our underwriting standards generally allow for terms up to 10 years with the interest rate being reset in the fifth year and with amortization typically not greater than 25 years and loan-to-value ratios of not more than 80%. Interest rates are either fixed or adjustable, based upon the prime rate plus a margin, and fees ranging from 0.5% to 1.50% are charged to the borrower at the origination of the loan. Prepayment fees are charged on most loans in the event of early repayment. Generally, we obtain personal guarantees of the principals as additional collateral for commercial real estate and multi-family real estate loans.

 

Commercial and multi-family real estate loans generally present a higher level of risk than loans secured by one-to four-family residences. This greater risk is due to several factors, including the concentration of principal in a limited number of loans and borrowers, the effect of general economic conditions on income producing properties and the increased difficulty of evaluating and monitoring these types of loans. Furthermore, the repayment of loans secured by commercial and multi-family real estate is typically dependent upon the successful operation of the related real estate project. If the cash flow from the project is reduced (for example, if leases are not obtained or renewed, a bankruptcy court modifies a lease term, or a major tenant is unable to fulfill its lease obligations), the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired. As of September 30, 2017, we had no non-accruing commercial real estate mortgage loans and an aggregate of $2.0 million of our commercial real estate loans at such date were classified for regulatory reporting purposes as substandard. As of September 30, 2017, $2.8 million, or 32.9% of our allowance for loan losses was allocated to commercial real estate mortgage loans. In addition, at September 30, 2017 and 2016, we had no real estate owned which were acquired from foreclosures on, or our acceptance of a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure, on commercial real estate loans. As of September 30, 2017, our commercial real estate loans held in portfolio were deemed performing troubled debt restructurings were $554,000 compared to $1.8 million at September 30, 2016.

 

At September 30, 2017, our loan portfolio included 15 loans with an aggregate book value of $39.8 million secured by multi-family (more than four units) properties, constituting 4.7% of our gross loans at such date. As of September 30, 2017, we had no non-accruing multi-family loans.

 

At September 30, 2017, we had $74.8 million in commercial business loans (8.9% of gross loans outstanding) in portfolio. Our commercial business loans generally have been made to small to mid-sized businesses located in our market area. The commercial business loans in our portfolio assist us in our asset/liability management since they generally provide shorter maturities and/or adjustable rates of interest in addition to generally having higher rates of return which are designed to compensate for the additional credit risk associated with these loans. The commercial business loans which we have originated may be either a revolving line of credit or for a fixed term of generally 10 years or less. Interest rates are adjustable, indexed to a published prime rate of interest, or fixed. Generally, equipment, machinery, real property or other corporate assets secure such loans. Personal guarantees from the business principals are generally obtained as additional collateral.

 

Generally, commercial business loans are characterized as having higher risks associated with them than single-family residential mortgage loans. As of September 30, 2017, we had no non-accruing commercial business loans in our loan portfolio. At such date, $416,000 or 5.0% of the allowance for loan losses was allocated to commercial business loans. At September 30, 2017 and 2016, we held no commercial business loans in portfolio that were deemed performing troubled debt restructurings.

 

In our underwriting procedures, consideration is given to the stability of the property’s cash flow history, future operating projections, current and projected occupancy levels, location and physical condition. Generally, our practice in recent periods is to impose a debt service ratio (the ratio of net cash flows from operations before the payment of debt service to debt service) of not less than 120%. We also evaluate the credit and financial condition of the borrower, and if applicable, the guarantor. Appraisal reports prepared by independent appraisers are obtained on each loan to substantiate the property’s market value, and are reviewed by us prior to the closing of the loan.

 

Consumer Lending. In our efforts to provide a full range of financial services to our customers, we offer various types of consumer loans. Our consumer loans amounted to $41.6 million or 4.9% of our total loan portfolio at September 30, 2017. The largest components of our consumer loans are loans secured by second mortgages, consisting primarily of home equity loans, which amounted to $22.5 million at September 30, 2017, and home equity lines of credit, which amounted to $16.5 million at such date. Our consumer loans also include automobile loans, unsecured personal loans and loans secured by deposits. Consumer loans are originated primarily through existing and walk-in customers and direct advertising.

 

 -36- 

 

 

Our home equity lines of credit are variable rate loans tied to the prime rate. Our second mortgages may have fixed or variable rates, although they generally have had fixed rates in recent periods. Our second mortgages have a maximum term to maturity of 15 years. Both our second mortgages and our home equity lines of credit generally are secured by the borrower’s primary residence. However, our security generally consists of a second lien on the property. Our lending policy provides that the maximum loan-to-value ratio on our home equity lines of credit is 80%, when Malvern Federal Savings has the first mortgage. However, the maximum loan-to-value ratio on our home equity lines of credit is reduced to 75%, when the Bank does not have the first mortgage. At September 30, 2017, the unused portion of our home equity lines of credit was $26.4 million.

 

Consumer loans generally have higher interest rates and shorter terms than residential loans; however, they have additional credit risk due to the type of collateral securing the loan or in some cases the absence of collateral. In the year ended September 30, 2017, we charged-off $223,000 of consumer loans mostly consisting of second mortgage loans. We are continuing to evaluate and monitor the credit conditions of our consumer loan borrowers and the real estate values of the properties securing our second mortgage loans as part of our on-going efforts to assess the overall credit quality of the portfolio in connection with our review of the allowance for loan losses. As of September 30, 2017, we had an aggregate of $212,000 of non-accruing second mortgage loans and home equity lines of credit, representing an improvement of $140,000 over the amount of non-accruing second mortgage loans and home equity lines of credit at September 30, 2016. At September 30, 2017, $868,000 of our consumer loans were classified as substandard consumer loans. At September 30, 2017, an aggregate of $516,000 of our allowance for loan losses was allocated to second mortgages and home equity lines of credit.

 

The following table presents the contractual maturity of our loans held in portfolio at September 30, 2017. The table does not include the effect of prepayments or scheduled principal amortization. Loans having no stated repayment schedule or maturity and overdraft loans are reported as being due in one year or less.

 

   At September 30, 2017, Maturing 
   In One
Year or
Less
   After One
Years
Through
Five Years
   After Five
Years
   Total 
   (In thousands) 
Residential mortgage  $328   $6,417   $185,755   $192,500 
Construction and Development:                    
Residential and commercial   22,430    10,307    2,885    35,622 
Land   13,461    2,698    2,218    18,377 
Total construction and development   35,891    13,005    5,103    53,999 
Commercial:                    
Commercial real estate   14,020    94,265    329,475    437,760 
Farmland           1,723    1,723 
Multi-family   6,000    15,215    18,553    39,768 
Other   17,563    41,735    15,539    74,837 
Total commercial   37,583    151,215    365,290    554,088 
Consumer:                    
Home equity lines of credit           16,509    16,509 
Second mortgages   45    3,463    18,972    22,480 
Other   173    2,039    358    2,570 
Total consumer   218    5,502    35,839    41,559 
Total  $74,020   $176,139   $591,987   $842,146 
                     
Loans with:                    
Fixed rates  $7,265   $24,649   $268,182   $300,096 
Variable rates   66,755    151,490    323,805    542,050 
Total  $74,020   $176,139   $591,987   $842,146 

 

For additional information regarding loans, see Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 -37- 

 

 

Allowance for Loan Losses and Related Provision

 

The purpose of the allowance for loan losses (‘‘allowance’’) is to absorb the impact of probable losses inherent in the loan portfolio. Additions to the allowance are made through provisions charged against current operations and through recoveries made on loans previously charged-off. The allowance for loan losses is maintained at an amount considered adequate by management to provide for potential credit losses based upon a periodic evaluation of the risk characteristics of the loan portfolio. In establishing an appropriate allowance, an assessment of the individual borrowers, a determination of the value of the underlying collateral, a review of historical loss experience and an analysis of the levels and trends of loan categories, delinquencies and problem loans are considered. Such factors as the level and trend of interest rates, current economic conditions and peer group statistics are also reviewed. At fiscal 2017 year-end, the level of the allowance was $8.4 million as compared to a level of $5.4 million at September 30, 2016. The Company made loan loss provisions of $2.8 million in fiscal 2017 compared with $947,000 in fiscal 2016 and $90,000 in fiscal 2015. The level of the allowance during the respective annual fiscal periods of 2017, 2016 and 2015 reflects the change in average volume, credit quality within the loan portfolio, the level of charge-offs, loan volume recorded during the periods and the Company’s focus on the changing composition of the commercial and residential real estate loan portfolios.

 

At September 30, 2017, the allowance for loan losses amounted to 1.00 percent of total loans. In management’s view, the level of the allowance at September 30, 2017 is adequate to cover losses inherent in the loan portfolio. Management’s judgment regarding the adequacy of the allowance constitutes a ‘‘Forward Looking Statement’’ under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results could differ materially from management’s analysis, based principally upon the factors considered by management in establishing the allowance.

 

Although management uses the best information available, the level of the allowance for loan losses remains an estimate, which is subject to significant judgment and short-term change. Various regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review the Company’s allowance for loan losses. Such agencies may require the Company to increase the allowance based on their analysis of information available to them at the time of their examination. Furthermore, the majority of the Company’s loans are secured by real estate in the State of Pennsylvania. Future adjustments to the allowance may be necessary due to economic factors impacting Pennsylvania real estate and further deterioration of the economic climate, as well as, operating, regulatory and other conditions beyond the Company’s control. The allowance for loan losses as a percentage of total loans amounted to 1.00 percent, 0.94 percent and 1.18 percent at September 30, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

Net recoveries were $180,000 in fiscal 2017, compared to net charge-offs of $180,000 in fiscal 2016 and net charge-offs of $12,000 in fiscal 2015. During fiscal 2017, the Company experienced a decrease in charge-offs and an increase in recoveries compared to fiscal 2016. Charge-offs were lower in most of the portfolio segments in fiscal 2017 than in fiscal 2016 and recoveries were primarily higher in consumer loan portfolio segment in fiscal 2017 than in fiscal 2016. Consumer loan recoveries were $148,000 higher in fiscal 2017 compared to fiscal 2016.

 

 -38- 

 

 

Five-Year Statistical Allowance for Loan Losses

 

The following table reflects the relationship of loan volume, the provision and allowance for loan losses and net charge-offs for the past five years.

 

   September 30, 
   2017   2016   2015   2014   2013 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
Average loans outstanding  $738,496   $507,973   $384,125   $407,169   $447,196 
Total loans at end of period  $842,146   $578,386   $394,198   $388,577   $404,737 
Analysis of the Allowance of Loan Losses                         
Balance at beginning of year  $5,434   $4,667   $4,589   $5,090   $7,581 
                          
Charge-offs:                         
Residential mortgage       9        83    994 
Construction and Development:                         
Residential and commercial       91    1    37    5,768 
Land                   99 
Commercial:                         
Commercial real estate       99    48    183    6,315 
Multi-family                    
Other                   94 
Consumer:                         
Home equity lines of credit               14     
Second mortgages   218    291    138    618    1,042 
Other   5    70    34    6    9 
Total charge-offs   223    560    221    941    14,321 
Recoveries:                         
Residential mortgage   2    17    17    23    199 
Construction and Development:                         
Residential and commercial   90    243    98    1     
 Commercial:                         
Commercial real estate   40    3    9    9    117 
Other   9    3    3    3    23 
Consumer:                         
Home equity lines of credit   18    1    2    1    17 
Second mortgages   232    100    69    136    235 
Other   12    13    11    4    4 
Total recoveries   403    380    209    177    595 
Net (recoveries) charge-offs   (180)   180    12    764    13,726 
Provision for loan losses   2,791    947    90    263    11,235 
Balance at end of year  $8,405   $5,434   $4,667   $4,589   $5,090 
Ratio of net (recovery) charge-offs
during the year to average loans
outstanding during the
year
   (0.02)%   0.04%   0.00%   0.19%   3.07%
Allowance for loan losses as a percentage of total loans at end of year   1.00%   0.94%   1.18%   1.18%   1.26%

 

For additional information regarding loans, see Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 -39- 

 

 

Implicit in the lending function is the fact that loan losses will be experienced and that the risk of loss will vary with the type of loan being made, the creditworthiness of the borrower and prevailing economic conditions. The allowance for loan losses has been allocated in the table below according to the estimated amount deemed to be reasonably necessary to provide for the possibility of losses being incurred within the following categories of loans at September 30, for each of the past five years.

 

The table below shows, for three types of loans, the amounts of the allowance allocable to such loans and the percentage of such loans to total loans.

 

   September 30, 
   2017   2016   2015   2014   2013 
       Loans       Loans       Loans       Loans       Loans 
       to Total       to Total       to Total       to Total       to Total 
   Amount   Loans   Amount   Loans   Amount   Loans   Amount   Loans   Amount   Loans 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
Residential mortgage  $1,004    22.8%  $1,201    36.2%  $1,486    54.5%  $1,672    59.5%  $1,414    59.3%
Construction and Development:                                                  
Residential and commercial   523    4.2    199    3.2    30    1.5    291    1.5    164    1.6 
Land loans   132    2.2    97    1.7    35    0.5    13    0.3    56    0.6 
Commercial:                                                  
Commercial real estate   3,581    52.0    1,874    40.0    1,235    22.2    1,248    18.4    1,726    17.4 
Farmland   9    0.2                                         
Multi-family   224    4.7    109    3.4    104    1.9    29    0.3    40    0.5 
Other   541    8.9    158    6.7    108    3.4    50    1.4    59    1.4 
Consumer:                                                  
Home equity lines of credit   90    2.0    116    3.4    139    5.8    168    5.8    137    5.0 
Second mortgages   402    2.7    467    5.0    761    9.6    1,033    12.1    1,393    13.5 
Other   27    0.3    34    0.4    24    0.6    23    0.7    22    0.7 
Total allocated   6,533    100.0    4,255    100.0    3,922    100.0    4,527    100.0    5,011    100.0 
Unallocated   1,872    -    1,179    -    745    -    62    -    79    - 
Balance at end of period  $8,405    100.0%  $5,434    100.0%  $4,667    100.0%  $4,589    100.0%  $5,090    100.0%

 

In assessing the adequacy of the ALLL, it is recognized that the process, methodology and underlying assumptions require a significant degree of judgment. The estimation of credit losses is not precise; the range of factors considered is wide and is significantly dependent upon management’s judgment, including the outlook and potential changes in the economic environment.  At present, components of the commercial loan segments of the portfolio are new originations and the associated volumes continue to see increased growth.  At the same time, historical loss levels have decreased as factors in assessing the portfolio.  The combination of these factors has given rise to an increase in the unallocated level within the allowance. Any unallocated portion of the allowance reflects management’s estimate of probable inherent but undetected losses within the portfolio due to uncertainties in economic conditions, delays in obtaining information, including unfavorable information about the borrower’s financial condition, the difficulty in identifying triggering events that correlate perfectly to subsequent loss rates, and risk factors that have not yet manifested themselves in loss allocation factors.

 

Asset Quality

 

The Company manages asset quality and credit risk by maintaining diversification in its loan portfolio and through review processes that include analysis of credit requests and ongoing examination of outstanding loans and delinquencies, with particular attention to portfolio dynamics and mix. The Company strives to identify loans experiencing difficulty early enough to correct the problems, to record charge-offs promptly based on realistic assessments of current collateral values, and to maintain an adequate allowance for loan losses at all times.

 

It is generally the Company’s policy to discontinue interest accruals once a loan is past due as to interest or principal payments for a period of ninety days. When a loan is placed on non-accrual status, interest accruals cease and uncollected accrued interest is reversed and charged against current income. Payments received on non-accrual loans are applied against principal. A loan may only be restored to an accruing basis when it again becomes well secured and in the process of collection or all past due amounts have been collected and a satisfactory period of ongoing repayment exists. Accruing loans past due 90 days or more are generally well secured and in the process of collection. For additional information regarding loans, see Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Non-Performing and Past Due Loans and OREO

 

Non-performing loans include non-accrual loans and accruing loans which are contractually past due 90 days or more. Non-accrual loans represent loans on which interest accruals have been suspended. It is the Company’s general policy to consider the charge-off of loans at the point they become past due in excess of 90 days, with the exception of loans that are both well-secured and in the process of collection. Troubled debt restructurings represent loans on which a concession was granted to a borrower, such as a reduction in interest rate to a rate lower than the current market rate for new debt with similar risks, and which are currently performing in accordance with the modified terms. For additional information regarding loans, see Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 -40- 

 

 

 The following table sets forth, as of the dates indicated, the amount of the Company’s non-accrual loans, accruing loans past due 90 days or more, other real estate owned (‘‘OREO’’) and troubled debt restructurings.

 

   At September 30, 
   2017   2016   2015   2014   2013 
   (In thousands) 
Non-accrual loans  $1,038   $1,617   $1,399   $2,391   $1,901 
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more   173    696             
Total non-performing loans   1,211    2,313    1,399    2,391    1,901 
Other real estate owned           1,168    1,964    3,962 
Total non-performing assets  $1,211   $2,313   $2,567   $4,355   $5,863 
                          
Troubled debt restructured loans — performing  $2,238   $2,039   $1,091   $1,009   $1,346 

 

At September 30, 2017, non-performing assets totaled $1.2 million, or 0.12% of total assets, as compared with $2.3 million, or 0.28%, at September 30, 2016. The reduction in non-performing assets from September 30, 2017 was attributable to four loans with an outstanding balance of approximately $435,000 at September 30, 2016 which were returned to accruing status during fiscal 2017, as well as, an aggregate balance of $413,000 of paid-offs loans, principal payments of $180,000, offset in part by the addition of three single residential loans (totaling approximately $318,000) and two consumer loans (totaling approximately $151,000) into non-accrual status.  

 

Troubled debt restructured loans, totaled $2.3 million and $2.2 million at September 30, 2017 and at September 30, 2016. A total of $2.2 and $2.0 million of troubled debt restructured loans were performing pursuant to the terms of their respective modifications at September 30, 2017 and September 30, 2016, respectively. At September 30, 2017, one troubled debt restructured loan with an outstanding balance of approximately $22,000, was deemed non-performing, while one loan with an outstanding balance of $139,000 was deemed non-performing at September 30, 2016. The performing troubled debt restructured loans increased by $199,000 at September 30, 2017 compared to September 30, 2016 primarily due to four residential mortgage loans with an aggregate outstanding balance of $1.2 million and two second mortgage loans with an outstanding balance of approximately $126,000 being classified as a performing TDRs during fiscal 2017, as well as one residential mortgage loan with an outstanding balance of $153,000 at September 30, 2017 returned to accruing status. These increases were offset by two commercial loans with an aggregate outstanding balance of approximately $1.3 million at September 30, 2016, being paid off during fiscal 2017.

 

Total non-performing assets decreased $254,000 from September 30, 2015 to September 30, 2016. The reduction in non-performing assets from September 30, 2015 was attributable to two commercial loans to one borrower with an outstanding balance of approximately $492,000 at September 30, 2015 which were returned to accruing status during fiscal 2016, as well as, $117,000 in charge-offs, payments of $212,000, offset in part by the addition of seven single residential loans (totaling approximately $658,000), one commercial real estate loan (totaling approximately $193,000) and six consumer loans (totaling approximately $186,000) into non-accrual status.  In addition, the Company reduced other real estate owned at September 30, 2016 to zero as compared to $1.2 million at September 30, 2015. The decrease was attributable to three single residential loans and one commercial real estate loan sold during the fiscal 2016. The decrease in REO at September 30, 2016 compared to September 30, 2015, was due to $1.2 million of sales of REO, at a net gain of $19,000, as well as $20,000 in reduction to fair value which are reflected in other REO expense during fiscal 2016.

 

 -41- 

 

 

Other Income

 

The following table presents the principal categories of non-interest income for each of the years in the three-year period ended September 30, 2017.

 

   Year Ended September 30, 
   2017   2016  

Increase

(Decrease)

   % Change   2016   2015  

Increase

(Decrease

   % Change 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
Service charges and other fees  $992   $923   $69    7.36%  $923   $989   $(66)   (6.67)%
Rental income-other   227    211    16    7.58    211    249    (38)   (15.26)
Gain on sale of investments, net   463    565    (102)   (18.05)   565    515    50    9.71 
Gain on sale of loans, net   154    116    38    32.76    116    102    14    13.73 
Loss on disposal of fixed assets       1    (1)   (100.0)   1        1    100.0 
Earnings on bank-owned life insurance   505    517    (12)   (2.32)   517    680    (163)   (23.97)
Total other income  $2,341   $2,333   $8    0.34%  $2,333   $2,535   $(202)   (7.97)%

 

For the year ended September 30, 2017, total other income increased $8,000 compared to fiscal 2016. This was primarily as a result of a $69,000 increase in service charges, a $16,000 increase in rental income, and an increase of $38,000 in net gain on sale of loans, partially offset by a decrease of $102,000 in net gains on sales of investment securities and a decrease in earnings on bank-owned insurance of $12,000.

 

Excluding net securities gains and losses, a non-GAAP measure, the Company recorded other income of $1.9 million for the twelve months ended September 30, 2017 compared to $1.8 million for the comparable period in fiscal 2016, an increase of $110,000, or 6.2 percent.

 

For fiscal 2016, total other income decreased $202,000 compared to fiscal 2015, primarily as a result of a $66,000 decrease in service charges, a $38,000 decrease in rental income, and a $163,000 decrease in earnings on bank-owned insurance, partially offset by an increase of $50,000 in net gains on sales of investment securities, an increase of $14,000 in net gain on sale of loans and an increase in gain on disposal of fixed assets of $1,000.

 

Excluding net securities gains and losses, a non-GAAP measure, the Company recorded other income of $1.8 million for the twelve months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $2.0 million for the comparable period in fiscal 2015, a decrease of $252,000, or 12.5 percent.

 

The Company’s other income is presented in the table below excluding net investment security gains.

 

   For the Year Ended September 30, 
   2017   2016   2015 
   (In thousands) 
Other income (GAAP basis)  $2,341   $2,333   $2,535 
Less: Net investment securities gains   463    565    515 

Other income, excluding net investment securities gain (Non-GAAP)

  $1,878   $1,768   $2,020 

 

 -42- 

 

 

Other Expense

 

The following table presents the principal categories of other expense for each of the years in the three-year period ended September 30, 2017.

 

   Year Ended September 30, 
   2017   2016   Increase
(Decrease)
   % Change   2016   2015   Increase
(Decrease)
   % Change 
   ( Dollars in thousands) 
Salaries and employee benefits  $7,114   $6,290   $824    13.10%  $6,290   $5,998   $292    4.87%
Occupancy expense   2,084    1,820    264    14.51    1,820    1,715    105    6.12 
Federal deposit insurance premium   244    579    (335)   (57.86)   579    784    (205)   (26.15)
Advertising   216    131    85    64.89    131    239    (108)   (45.19)
Data processing   1,195    1,128    67    5.94    1,128    1,236    (108)   (8.74)
Professional fees   1,894    1,683    211    12.54    1,683    1,571    112    7.13 
Other operating expense   2,400    2,291    109    4.6    2,291    2,418    (127)   (5.25)
Total other expense  $15,147   $13,922   $1,225    8.8%  $13,922   $13,961   $(39)   (0.28)%

 

Total other expense increased $1.2 million, or 8.8 percent, in fiscal 2017 from fiscal 2016 as compared with a decrease of $39,000, or 0.3 percent, from fiscal 2015 to fiscal 2016. Increases in fiscal 2017 compared to fiscal 2016, primarily included a $824,000 increase in salaries and employee benefits, a $264,000 increase in occupancy expense, a $85,000 increase in advertising, a $67,000 increase in data processing expense, a $211,000 increase in professional fees and a $109,000 increase in other operating expenses. These increases were offset by a decrease in in federal deposit insurance of 335,000.

 

Prudent management of operating expenses has been and will continue to be a key objective of management in an effort to improve earnings performance. The Company’s ratio of other expenses to average assets decreased to 1.62 percent in fiscal 2017 compared to 1.85 percent in fiscal 2016 and 2.25 percent in fiscal 2015.

 

Salaries and employee benefits increased $824,000 or 13.1 percent in fiscal 2017 compared to fiscal 2016 and increased $292,000 or 4.9 percent from fiscal 2015 to fiscal 2016. These increases were primarily attributable to growth in the workforce. Salaries and employee benefits accounted for 47.0 percent of total non-interest expense in fiscal 2017, as compared to 45.2 percent and 43.0 percent in fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively.

 

Occupancy expense for fiscal 2017 increased by $264,000 or 14.2 percent, over fiscal 2016. Occupancy expense for fiscal 2016 increased by $105,000 or 6.1 percent, compared to fiscal 2015. The increase from fiscal 2016 to fiscal 2017 is due primarily to continued growth of the Company during fiscal 2017. The increase during fiscal 2017 was primarily due to an increase in rent expense of $126,000, a $33,000 increase in utility expenses, a $99,000 increase in depreciation expense and a $20,000 increase in building and equipment maintenance expense. These increases were offset by a decrease of $6,000 in real estate taxes and a decrease of $4,000 in building insurance.

 

Federal deposit insurance premium for fiscal 2017 decreased $335,000, or 57.9 percent, compared to fiscal 2016. The decrease in the federal deposit insurance premium is due to the new regulatory calculation. For the year ended September 30, 2016, FDIC insurance expense decreased $205,000 compared to fiscal 2015. The decrease in the federal deposit insurance premium for fiscal 2016 is due to the termination on January 21, 2016 of the Formal Agreement with the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”).

 

Advertising expense for fiscal 2017 increased $85,000, or 64.9 percent, compared to fiscal 2016. The increase for fiscal 2017 is due to increase in advertising retainers. For fiscal 2016, these expenses decreased $108,000 or 44.8 percent compared to fiscal 2015.

 

Data processing expense for fiscal 2017 increased $67,000, or 5.9 percent, compared to the fiscal 2016. For fiscal 2016, data processing expense decreased $108,000, or 8.7 percent, over fiscal 2015.

 

 -43- 

 

 

Professional fees for fiscal 2017 increased $211,000, or 12.5 percent, compared to fiscal 2016. The increase is due primarily to an $130,000 increase in legal fees and a $132,000 increase in fees associated with professional services. The increase was offset by $53,000 reduction in fees associated with audit and accounting services. Professional fees increased $112,000 in fiscal 2016 from fiscal 2015 primarily due to increase in legal fees and audit and accounting fees.

 

Other operating expense increased in fiscal 2017 by approximately $109,000, or 4.6 percent, compared to fiscal 2016. The increase during the year ended September 30, 2017 was primarily due to a $41,000 increase in business expenses related to entertainment and meals and auto expense, and a $37,000 increase in expenses associated with annual credit review such as appraisals. Other operating expense decreased in fiscal 2016 by approximately $127,000, or 5.2 percent, compared to fiscal 2015. The decrease during the year ended September 30, 2016 was primarily due to a $373,000 decrease in other operating expense related to $105,000 in reimbursement for an insurance claim paid in fiscal 2015. This decrease was partially offset by an increase of $135,000 in business expenses related to entertainment and meals and auto expense, a $65,000 increase in telephone expense

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

The Company recorded $2.9 million in income tax expense in fiscal 2017, compared to $6.2 million in income tax benefit in fiscal 2016 and $970,000 income tax benefit in fiscal 2015, respectively. The effective tax rates for the Company for the years ended September 30, 2017, 2016 and 2015 were 33.4 percent, 103.3 percent and 26.2 percent, respectively. For a more detailed description of income taxes see Note 12 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Please refer to the note on Recent Accounting Pronouncements in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 for a detailed discussion of new accounting pronouncements.

 

Asset and Liability Management

 

Asset and Liability management encompasses an analysis of market risk, the control of interest rate risk (interest sensitivity management) and the ongoing maintenance and planning of liquidity and capital. The composition of the Company’s statement of condition is planned and monitored by the Asset and Liability Committee (“ALCO”). In general, management’s objective is to optimize net interest income and minimize market risk and interest rate risk by monitoring the components of the statement of condition and the interaction of interest rates.

 

Short-term interest rate exposure analysis is supplemented with an interest sensitivity gap model. The Company utilizes interest sensitivity analysis to measure the responsiveness of net interest income to changes in interest rate levels. Interest rate risk arises when an earning asset matures or when its interest rate changes in a time period different than that of a supporting interest-bearing liability, or when an interest-bearing liability matures or when its interest rate changes in a time period different than that of an earning asset that it supports. While the Company matches only a small portion of specific assets and liabilities, total earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities are grouped to determine the overall interest rate risk within a number of specific time frames. The difference between interest-sensitive assets and interest-sensitive liabilities is referred to as the interest sensitivity gap. At any given point in time, the Company may be in an asset-sensitive position, whereby its interest-sensitive assets exceed its interest-sensitive liabilities, or in a liability-sensitive position, whereby its interest-sensitive liabilities exceed its interest-sensitive assets, depending in part on management’s judgment as to projected interest rate trends.

 

The Company’s interest rate sensitivity position in each time frame may be expressed as assets less liabilities, as liabilities less assets, or as the ratio between rate sensitive assets (“RSA”) and rate sensitive liabilities (“RSL”). For example, a short-funded position (liabilities repricing before assets) would be expressed as a net negative position, when period gaps are computed by subtracting repricing liabilities from repricing assets. When using the ratio method, a RSA/RSL ratio of 1 indicates a balanced position, a ratio greater than 1 indicates an asset-sensitive position and a ratio less than 1 indicates a liability-sensitive position.

 

 A negative gap and/or a rate sensitivity ratio less than 1 tends to expand net interest margins in a falling rate environment and reduce net interest margins in a rising rate environment. Conversely, when a positive gap occurs, generally margins expand in a rising rate environment and contract in a falling rate environment. From time to time, the Company may elect to deliberately mismatch liabilities and assets in a strategic gap position.

 

 -44- 

 

 

At September 30, 2017, the Company reflected a negative interest sensitivity gap with an interest sensitivity ratio of 0.23:1.00 at the cumulative one-year position. Based on management’s perception of interest rates remaining low through 2017, emphasis has been, and is expected to continue to be, placed on controlling liability costs while extending the maturities of liabilities in our efforts to insulate the net interest spread from rising interest rates in the future. However, no assurance can be given that this objective will be met.

 

The following table sets forth the amounts of our interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities outstanding at September 30, 2017, which we expect, based upon certain assumptions, to reprice or mature in each of the future time periods shown (the “GAP Table”). Except as stated below, the amount of assets and liabilities shown which reprice or mature during a particular period were determined in accordance with the earlier of term to repricing or the contractual maturity of the asset or liability. The table sets forth approximation of the projected repricing of assets and liabilities at September 30, 2017, on the basis of contractual maturities, anticipated prepayments, and scheduled rate adjustments within a three-month period and subsequent selected time intervals. The loan amounts in the table reflect principal balances expected to be redeployed and/or repriced as a result of contractual amortization and anticipated prepayments of adjustable-rate loans and fixed-rate loans, and as a result of contractual rate adjustments on adjustable-rate loans.

 

   6 Months
or Less
   More than
6 Months
to 1 Year
   More than
1 Year
to 3 Years
   More than
3 Year
to 5 Years
   More than
5 Years
   Total
Amount
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
Interest-earning assets(1):                              
Loans receivable(2)  $275,186   $44,754   $155,478   $184,634   $181,746   $841,798 
Investment securities and restricted securities   5,291    3,955    19,228    4,684    22,147    55,305 
Other interest-earning assets   115,521    -    -    -    -    115,521 
Total interest-earning assets   395,998    48,709    174,706    189,318    203,893    1,012,624 
Interest-bearing liabilities:                              
Demand and NOW accounts   153,551    -    -    -    -    153,551 
Money market accounts   262,892    -    -    -    -    262,892 
Savings accounts   44,526    -    -    -    -    44,526 
Certificate accounts   121,462    62,875    49,184    20,182    18,063    271,766 
FHLB advances   40,000    -    83,000    24,303    -    147,303 
Total interest-bearing liabilities   622,431    62,875    132,184    44,485    18,063    880,038 
Interest-earning assets less interest-bearing liabilities  $(226,433)  $(14,166)  $42,522   $144,833   $185,830   $132,586 
                               
Cumulative interest-rate sensitivity gap(3)  $(226,433)  $(240,599)  $(198,077)  $(53,244)  $132,586      
                               
Cumulative interest-rate gap as a percentage of total assets at September 30, 2017   (21.65)%   (23.00)%   (18.94)%   (5.09)%   12.68%     
                               
Cumulative interest-earning assets as a percentage of cumulative interest-bearing liabilities at September 30, 2017   63.62%   64.89%   75.77%   93.82%   115.07%     

 

 

(1)Interest-earning assets are included in the period in which the balances are expected to be redeployed and/or repriced as a result of anticipated prepayments, scheduled rate adjustments and contractual maturities.
(2)For purposes of the gap analysis, loans receivable includes non-performing loans gross of the allowance for loan losses, undisbursed loan funds, unamortized discounts and deferred loans fees.
(3)Interest-rate sensitivity gap represents the net cumulative difference between interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities.

 

Net Portfolio Value and Net Interest Income Analysis. Our interest rate sensitivity also is monitored by management through the use of models which generate estimates of the change in its net portfolio value (“NPV”) and net interest income (“NII”) over a range of interest rate scenarios. NPV is the present value of expected cash flows from assets, liabilities, and off-balance sheet contracts. The NPV ratio, under any interest rate scenario, is defined as the NPV in that scenario divided by the market value of assets in the same scenario.

 

 -45- 

 

 

The table below sets forth as of September 30, 2017 and 2016, the estimated changes in our net portfolio value that would result from designated instantaneous changes in the United States Treasury yield curve. Computations of prospective effects of hypothetical interest rates changes are based on numerous assumptions including relative levels of market interest rates, loan prepayments and deposit decay, and should not be relied upon as indicative of actual results.

 

   As of September 30, 2017   As of September 30, 2016 
Changes in
Interest
Rates (basis
points)(1)
  Amount   Dollar
Change
from Base
   Percentage
Change from
Base
   Amount   Dollar
Change
from Base
   Percentage
Change from
Base
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
+300  $110,780   $(20,923)   (16)%  $82,438   $(22,296)   (21)%
+200   119,631    (12,072)   (9)   91,344    (13,390)   (13)
+100   127,334    (4,369)   (3)   99,266    (5,468)   (5)
0   131,703    -    -    104,734    -    - 
-100   134,634    2,931    2    106,608    1,874    2 

 

 

(1)Assumes an instantaneous uniform change in interest rates. A basis point equals 0.01%.

 

In addition to modeling changes in NPV, we also analyze potential changes to NII for a twelve-month period under rising and falling interest rate scenarios. The following table shows our NII model as of September 30, 2017.

 

Changes in Interest Rates in Basis Points (Rate Shock)  Net Interest
Income
   $ Change   % Change 
   (Dollars in thousands)     
200  $28,598   $2,532    9.71%
100   27,435    1,369    5.25 
Static   26,066    -    - 
(100)   25,231    (835)   (3.20)

 

As is the case with the GAP Table, certain shortcomings are inherent in the methodology used in the above interest rate risk measurements. Modeling changes in NPV and NII require the making of certain assumptions which may or may not reflect the manner in which actual yields and costs respond to changes in market interest rates. In this regard, the models presented assume that the composition of our interest sensitive assets and liabilities existing at the beginning of a period remains constant over the period being measured and also assumes that a particular change in interest rates is reflected uniformly across the yield curve regardless of the duration to maturity or repricing of specific assets and liabilities. Accordingly, although the NPV measurements and net interest income models provide an indication of interest rate risk exposure at a particular point in time, such measurements are not intended to and do not provide a precise forecast of the effect of changes in market interest rates on net interest income and will differ from actual results.

 

Estimates of Fair Value

 

The estimation of fair value is significant to a number of the Company’s assets, including investment securities available-for-sale. These are all recorded at either fair value or the lower of cost or fair value. Fair values are volatile and may be influenced by a number of factors. Circumstances that could cause estimates of the fair value of certain assets and liabilities to change include a change in prepayment speeds, discount rates, or market interest rates. Fair values for most available-for-sale investment securities are based on quoted market prices. If quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on judgments regarding future expected loss experience, current economic condition risk characteristics of various financial instruments, and other factors. These estimates are subjective in nature, involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment and therefore cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect the estimates.

 

 -46- 

 

 

Impact of Inflation and Changing Prices

 

The financial statements and notes thereto presented elsewhere herein have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, which require the measurement of financial position and operating results in terms of historical dollars without considering the change in the relative purchasing power of money over time due to inflation. The impact of inflation is reflected in the increased cost of operations; unlike most industrial companies, nearly all of the Company’s assets and liabilities are monetary. As a result, interest rates have a greater impact on performance than do the effects of general levels of inflation. Interest rates do not necessarily move in the same direction or to the same extent as the prices of goods and services.

 

Liquidity

 

The liquidity position of the Company is dependent primarily on successful management of the Bank’s assets and liabilities so as to meet the needs of both deposit and credit customers. Liquidity needs arise principally to accommodate possible deposit outflows and to meet customers’ requests for loans. Scheduled principal loan repayments, maturing investments, short-term liquid assets and deposit inflows, can satisfy such needs. The objective of liquidity management is to enable the Company to maintain sufficient liquidity to meet its obligations in a timely and cost-effective manner.

 

Management monitors current and projected cash flows, and adjusts positions as necessary to maintain adequate levels of liquidity. Under its liquidity risk management program, the Company regularly monitors correspondent bank funding exposure and credit exposure in accordance with guidelines issued by the banking regulatory authorities. Management uses a variety of potential funding sources and staggering maturities to reduce the risk of potential funding pressure. Management also maintains a detailed contingency funding plan designed to respond adequately to situations which could lead to stresses on liquidity. Management believes that the Company has the funding capacity to meet the liquidity needs arising from potential events. The Company maintains borrowing capacity through the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh secured with loans and marketable securities.

 

The Company’s primary sources of short-term liquidity consist of cash and cash equivalents and investment securities available-for-sale.

 

At September 30, 2017, the Company had $117.1 million in cash and cash equivalents compared to $96.8 million at September 30, 2016. In addition, our investment securities available-for-sale amounted to $14.6 million at September 30, 2017 and $66.4 million at September 30, 2016.

 

Deposits

 

Total deposits increased to $790.4 million at September 30, 2017 from $602.0 million at September 30, 2016. Total interest-bearing deposits increased from $567.5 million at September 30, 2016 to $748.3 million at September 30, 2017, an increase of $180.8 million or 31.9 percent. Interest-bearing demand, savings, money market and time deposits under $100,000 increased $157.3 million to a total of $557.7 million at September 30, 2017 as compared to $400.4 million at September 30, 2016. Time deposits $100,000 and over increased $23.5 million at September 30, 2017 as compared to September 30, 2016. Time deposits $100,000 and over represented 24.1 percent of total deposits at September 30, 2017 compared to 27.8 percent at September 30, 2016. We had brokered deposits totaling $78.2 million at September 30, 2017 compared to $58.8 million at September 30, 2016.

 

The Company derives a significant proportion of its liquidity from its core deposit base. Total demand deposits, savings and money market accounts of $518.6 million at September 30, 2017 increased by $166.8 million, or 47.4 percent, from September 30, 2016. Total demand deposits, savings and money market accounts were 65.6 percent of total deposits at September 30, 2017 and 58.6 percent at September 30, 2016. Alternatively, the Company uses a more stringent calculation for the management of its liquidity positions internally, which calculation consists of total demand, savings accounts and money market accounts (excluding money market accounts and certificates of deposit greater than $100,000) as a percentage of total deposits. This number increased by $65.7 million, or 19.5 percent, from $272.0 million at September 30, 2016 to $337.7 million at September 30, 2017 and represented 42.7 percent of total deposits at September 30, 2017 as compared with 45.2 percent at September 30, 2016.

 

The Company continues to place the main focus of its deposit gathering efforts in the maintenance, development, and expansion of its core deposit base. Management believes that the emphasis on serving the needs of our communities will provide a long term relationship base that will allow the Company to efficiently compete for business in its market. The success of this strategy is reflected in the growth of the demand, savings and money market balances during fiscal 2017.

 

 -47- 

 

 

The following table depicts the Company’s core deposit mix at September 30, 2017 and 2016 based on the Company’s alternative calculation:

 

   September 30, 
   2017   2016   Net Change 
   Amount   Percentage   Amount   Percentage   2017 vs. 2016 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
Non interest-bearing demand  $42,121    12.5%  $34,547    12.7%  $7,574 
Interest-bearing demand   155,579    46.1    95,041    35.0    60,538 
Savings   44,526    13.2    44,714    16.4    (188)
Money market deposits under $100,000   14,299    4.2    14,543    5.3    (244)
Certificates of deposit under $100,000   81,166    24.0    83,110    30.6    (1,944)
Total core deposits  $337,691    100.0%  $271,955    100.0%  $65,736 
                          
Total deposits  $790,396        $602,046        $188,350 
Core deposits to total deposits        42.7%        45.2%     

 

At September 30, 2017, our certificates of deposit and other time deposits with a balance of $100,000 or more amounted to $190.6 million, of which $138.5 million are scheduled to mature within twelve months. At September 30, 2017, the weighted average remaining maturity of our certificate of deposit accounts was 15.3 months. The following table presents the maturity of our certificates of deposit and other time deposits with balances of $100,000 or more.

 

   Amount 
   (In thousands) 
Maturity Period:     
Three months or less  $75,276 
Over three months through six months   19,349 
Over six months through twelve months   43,916 
Over twelve months   52,058 
Total  $190,599 

 

Borrowings

 

Borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”) of Pittsburgh are available to supplement the Company’s liquidity position and, to the extent that maturing deposits do not remain with the Company, management may replace such funds with advances. As of September 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company’s outstanding balance of FHLB advance, totaled $118.0 million and $118.0 million, respectively. Of the $118.0 million in advances, $28.0 million represent long-term, fixed-rate advances maturing in 2020 that have terms enabling the FHLB to call the borrowing at their option prior to maturity. The remaining balance of long-term, fixed rate advances totaled $55.0 million, representing five separate advances maturing during fiscal year 2019. At September 30, 2017, there were two short-term FHLB advances totaling $35.0 million of fixed-rate borrowing with rollover of 90 days.

 

During fiscal 2017 the Company had purchased securities sold under agreements to repurchase as a short-term funding source. At September 30, 2017, the Company had $5.0 million in securities sold under agreements to repurchase at a rate of 1.46%. The Company had no securities sold under agreements to repurchase at September 30, 2016.

 

Cash Flows

 

The Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows present the changes in cash and cash equivalents resulting from the Company’s operating, investing and financing activities. During the year ended September 30, 2017, cash and cash equivalents increased by $20.4 million over the balance at September 30, 2016. Net cash of $9.8 million was provided by operating activities in fiscal 2017, primarily, net income as adjusted to net cash. Net income of $5.8 million in fiscal 2017 was adjusted principally by net gains on sales of investment securities of $463,000, amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts on investment securities net of $814,000, an increase in other assets of $1.1 million and an increase in other liabilities of $563,000. Net cash used by investing activities amounted to approximately $207.0 million in fiscal 2017, primarily reflecting a net decrease in investment securities of $57.4 million. Net cash of $217.5 million was provided by financing activities in fiscal 2017, primarily from the increase in deposits of $188.4 million and an increase of $5.0 million in other borrowed money.

 

 -48- 

 

 

Payments Due Under Contractual Obligations

 

The following table presents information relating to the Company’s payments due under contractual obligations as of September 30, 2017.

 

   Payments Due by Period 
   Less than
One Year
   One to
Three Years
   Three to
Five Years
   More than
Five Years
   Total 
   (In thousands) 
Long-term debt obligations(1)  $35,041   $86,082   $   $   $121,123 
Certificates of deposit(1)   186,775    49,919    20,566    18,433    275,693 
Operating lease obligations   495    933    978    1,756    4,162 
Total contractual obligations  $222,311   $136,934   $21,544   $20,189   $400,978 

 

 

(1) Includes interest payments.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

In the normal course of operations, the Company engages in a variety of financial transactions that, in accordance with U.S. GAAP, are not recorded in its financial statements. These transactions involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit, interest rate, and liquidity risk. Such transactions are used primarily to manage customers’ requests for funding and take the form of loan commitments, lines of credit and letters of credit.

 

The contractual amounts of commitments to extend credit represent the amounts of potential accounting loss should the contract be fully drawn upon, the customer defaults and the value of any existing collateral becomes worthless. We use the same credit policies in making commitments and conditional obligations as we do for on-balance sheet instruments. Financial instruments whose contract amounts represent credit risk at September 30, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:

 

   September 30, 
   2017   2016 
   (In thousands) 
Commitments to extend credit:(1)          
Future loan commitments  $80,273   $97,566 
Undisbursed construction loans   37,064    33,135 
Undisbursed home equity lines of credit   26,440    25,270 
Undisbursed Commercial lines of credit   55,346    48,667 
Overdraft protection lines   1,339    850 
Standby letters of credit   4,650    1,927 
Total commitments  $205,112   $207,415 

 

 

(1)Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to a customer as long as there is no violation of any condition established in the contract. Commitments may require payment of a fee and generally have fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses.

 

We anticipate that we will continue to have sufficient funds and alternative funding sources to meet our current commitments.

 

 -49- 

 

 

Shareholders’ Equity

 

Total shareholders’ equity amounted to $102.5 million, or 9.8 percent of total assets, at September 30, 2017, compared to $96.2 million or 11.7 percent of total assets at September 30, 2016. Book value per common share was $15.60 at September 30, 2017, compared to $14.66 at September 30, 2016.

 

Capital

 

At September 30, 2017, the Bank’s common equity tier 1 ratio was 14.75 percent, tier 1 leverage ratio was 12.02 percent, tier 1 risk-based capital ratio was 14.75 percent and the total risk-based capital ratio was 15.78 percent. At September 30, 2016, the Bank’s common equity tier 1 ratio was 14.50 percent, tier 1 leverage ratio was 10.98 percent, tier 1 risk-based capital ratio was 14.50 percent and the total risk-based capital ratio was 15.42 percent. At September 30, 2017, the Bank was in compliance with all applicable regulatory capital requirements.

 

Looking Forward

 

One of the Company’s primary objectives is to achieve balanced asset and revenue growth, and at the same time expand market presence and diversify its financial products. However, it is recognized that objectives, no matter how focused, are subject to factors beyond the control of the Company, which can impede its ability to achieve these goals. The following factors should be considered when evaluating the Company’s ability to achieve its objectives:

 

The financial market place is rapidly changing. Banks are no longer the only place to obtain loans, nor the only place to keep financial assets. The banking industry has lost market share to other financial service providers. The future is predicated on the Company’s ability to adapt its products, provide superior customer service and compete in an ever-changing marketplace. Net interest income, the primary source of earnings, is impacted favorably or unfavorably by changes in interest rates. Although the impact of interest rate fluctuations is mitigated by ALCO strategies, significant changes in interest rates can have a material adverse impact on profitability.

 

The ability of customers to repay their obligations is often impacted by changes in the regional and local economy. Although the Company sets aside loan loss provisions toward the allowance for loan losses when management determines such action to be appropriate, significant unfavorable changes in the economy could impact the assumptions used in the determination of the adequacy of the allowance.

 

Technological changes will have a material impact on how financial service companies compete for and deliver services. It is recognized that these changes will have a direct impact on how the marketplace is approached and ultimately on profitability. The Company has taken steps to improve its traditional delivery channels. However, continued success will likely be measured by the Company’s ability to anticipate and react to future technological changes.

 

This ‘‘Looking Forward’’ discussion constitutes a forward-looking statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results could differ materially from those projected in the Company’s forward-looking statements due to numerous known and unknown risks and uncertainties, including the factors referred to above, on page 1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and in other sections of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

 

The information contained in the section captioned “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Asset and Liability Management” in Item 7 hereof is incorporated herein by reference.

 

 -50- 

 

 

Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders

Malvern Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Paoli, Pennsylvania

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated statements of financial condition of Malvern Bancorp, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively the “Company”) as of September 30, 2017 and 2016 and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, changes in shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 30, 2017. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Malvern Bancorp, Inc. and its subsidiaries at September 30, 2017 and 2016, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 30, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Malvern Bancorp, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2017, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria) and our report dated December 29, 2017, expressed an adverse opinion thereon.

 

/s/ BDO USA, LLP  
   
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  
December 29, 2017  

 

 -51- 

 

 

Malvern Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition

 

   September 30, 
   2017   2016 
   (Dollars in thousands, except per share data) 
Assets        
Cash and due from depository institutions  $1,615   $1,297 
Interest bearing deposits in depository institutions   115,521    95,465 
Cash and Cash Equivalents   117,136    96,762 
Investment securities available for sale, at fair value   14,587    66,387 
Investment securities held to maturity, at cost (fair value of $34,566 and $40,817, respectively)   34,915    40,551 
Restricted stock, at cost   5,559    5,424 
Loans receivable, net of allowance for loan losses of $8,405 and $5,434, respectively   834,331    574,160 
Accrued interest receivable   3,139    2,558 
Property and equipment, net   7,507    6,637 
Deferred income taxes, net   6,671    8,827 
Bank-owned life insurance   18,923    18,418 
Other assets   3,244    1,548 
Total Assets  $1,046,012   $821,272 
           
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity          
           
Liabilities          
Deposits:          
Deposits-noninterest-bearing  $42,121   $34,547 
Deposits-interest-bearing   748,275    567,499 
Total Deposits   790,396    602,046 
FHLB advances   118,000    118,000 
Other short-term borrowings   5,000    - 
Subordinated debt   24,303    - 
Advances from borrowers for taxes and insurance   1,553    1,659 
Accrued interest payable   694    427 
Other liabilities   3,546    2,983 
Total Liabilities   943,492    725,115 
           
Commitments and Contingencies   -    - 
           
Shareholders’ Equity          
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued   -    - 
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 40,000,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding: 6,572,684 shares at September 30, 2017 and 6,560,403 shares at September 30, 2016   66    66 
Additional paid-in-capital   60,736    60,461 
Retained earnings   43,139    37,322 
Unearned Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP) shares   (1,483)   (1,629)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss )   62    (63)
Total Shareholders’ Equity   102,520    96,157 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity  $1,046,012   $821,272 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 -52- 

 

 

Malvern Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

   Year Ended September 30, 
   2017   2016   2015 
   (Dollars in thousands, except per share data) 
Interest and Dividend Income               
Loans, including fees  $30,841   $21,206   $16,484 
Investment securities, taxable   1,561    2,824    3,073 
Investment securities, tax-exempt   492    751    522 
Dividends, restricted stock   257    250    311 
Interest-bearing cash accounts   631    213    72 
Total Interest and Dividend Income   33,782    25,244    20,462 
Interest Expense               
Deposits   6,236    4,537    3,431 
Short-term borrowings   34    -    - 
Long-term borrowings   2,176    2,195    1,817 
Subordinated debt   1,000    -    - 
Total Interest Expense   9,446    6,732    5,248 
Net Interest Income   24,336    18,512    15,214 
Provision for Loan Losses   2,791    947    90 
Net Interest Income after Provision for Loan Losses   21,545    17,565    15,124 
                
Other Income               
Service charges and other fees   992    923    989 
Rental income-other   227    211    249 
Gain on sale of investments, net   463    565    515 
Gain on disposal of fixed assets   -    1    - 
Gain on sale of loans, net   154    116    102 
Earnings on bank-owned life insurance   505    517    680 
Total Other Income   2,341    2,333    2,535 
Other Expense               
Salaries and employee benefits   7,114    6,290    5,998 
Occupancy expense   2,084    1,820    1,715 
Federal deposit insurance premium   244    579    784 
Advertising   216    131    239 
Data processing   1,195    1,128    1,236 
Professional fees   1,894    1,683    1,571 
Other real estate owned (income) expense, net   (172)   27    (46)
Other operating expenses   2,572    2,264    2,464 
Total Other Expenses   15,147    13,922    13,961 
Income before income tax expense (benefit)   8,739    5,976    3,698 
Income tax expense (benefit)   2,922    (6,174)   (970)
Net Income  $5,817   $12,150   $4,668 
                
Earnings Per Common Share:               
Basic  $0.90   $1.90   $0.73 
Diluted  $0.90   $1.90     n/a 
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding               
Basic   6,431,445    6,409,265    6,393,330 
Diluted   6,432,137    6,409,325     n/a 
                
Dividends Declared Per Share  $0.00   $0.00   $0.00 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 -53- 

 

 

Malvern Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 

   Year Ended September 30, 
(In thousands)  2017   2016   2015 
             
Net Income  $5,817   $12,150   $4,668 
Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax:               
Unrealized holding gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities   (275)   2,128    2,120 
Tax effect   94    (723)   (721)
Net of tax amount   (181)   1,405    1,399 

Reclassification adjustment for net gains arising during the period(1)

   (463)   (565)   (515)
Tax effect   157    192    175 
Net of tax amount   (306)   (373)   (340)
Accretion of unrealized holding losses on  securities transferred from available-for-sale to held-to-maturity(2)   9    9    5 
Tax effect   (3)   (3)   (2)
Net of tax amount   6    6    3 
Fair value adjustment on derivatives   918    (194)   (348)
Tax effect   (312)   172    12 
Net of tax amount   606    (22)   (336)
Total other comprehensive income   125    1,016    726 
Total comprehensive income  $5,942   $13,166   $5,394 

 

 

(1)Amounts are included in net gain on sales of securities on the Consolidated Statements of Operations in total other income.
(2)Amounts are included in interest and dividends on investment securities on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 -54- 

 

 

Malvern Bancorp, Inc. and Subsidiaries 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity
Years Ended September 30, 2017, 2016, and 2015

 

   Common
Stock
   Additional
Paid-In
Capital
   Retained
Earnings
   Unearned
ESOP Shares
   Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
   Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
   (in thousands, except share data) 
Balance, October 1, 2014  $66   $60,317   $20,504   $(1,922)  $(1,805)  $77,160 
Net Income           4,668            4,668 
Other comprehensive income                   726