10-Q 1 f10q0618_yewbiopharm.htm QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2018 

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                       TO

 

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 000-54701

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   26-1579105
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

9460 Telstar Avenue, Suite 6

El Monte, California 91731

 

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(626) 401-9588

 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

 

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒     No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒   No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
    Emerging Growth Company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐   No ☒

 

As of August 14, 2018, there were 52,075,000 shares, $0.001 par value per share, of the registrant’s common stock outstanding. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC.

 

FORM 10-Q

 

FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2018

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

   

Page

Number

 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 1
     
  CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS OF JUNE 30, 2018 (UNAUDITED) AND DECEMBER 31, 2017 1
     
 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED) FOR THE THREE AND SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2018 AND 2017

2
     
  CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED) FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2018 AND 2017 3
     
  NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 4
     
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 22
     
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 36
     
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 36
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
    37
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS  
     
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS 37
     
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS 37
     
ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES 37
     
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES 37
     
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION 37
     
ITEM 6. EXHIBITS 37

 

 i 

 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This document contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All statements other than statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements”, including, but not limited to, any projections of earnings, revenue or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations; any statements concerning proposed new services or developments; any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance; any statements of belief; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.

 

Forward-looking statements may include the words “may,” “could,” “will,” “estimate,” “intend,” “continue,” “believe,” “expect” or “anticipate” or other similar words. These forward-looking statements present our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this report. Except for our ongoing obligation to disclose material information as required by the federal securities laws, we do not intend, and undertake no obligation, to update any forward-looking statement.

 

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in any of our forward-looking statements are reasonable, actual results could differ materially from those projected or assumed in any of our forward-looking statements. Our future financial condition and results of operations, as well as any forward-looking statements, are subject to change and inherent risks and uncertainties. Some of the key factors impacting these risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:

 

risks related to our ability to collect amounts owed to us by some of our largest customers;
   
our ability to continue to purchase yew cuttings from our various suppliers at relatively stable prices;
   
our dependence on a small number of customers for our yew raw materials, including a related party ;
   
our dependence on a small number of customers for our yew trees for reforestation;
   
our ability to market successfully yew raw materials used in the manufacture of traditional Chinese medicine (“TCM”);
   
industry-wide market factors and regulatory and other developments affecting our operations;
   
our ability to sustain revenues should the Chinese economy slow from its current rate of growth;
   
continued preferential tax treatment for the sale of yew trees and potted yew trees;
   
uncertainties about involvement of the Chinese government in business in the People’s Republic of China (the “PRC” or “China”) generally; and
   
any change in the rate of exchange of the Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”) to the U.S. dollar, which could affect currency translations of our results of operations, which are earned in RMB but reported in dollars;
   
industry-wide market factors and regulatory and other developments affecting our operations;
   
any impairment of any of our assets;
   
a slowdown in the Chinese economy; and
   
risks related to changes in accounting interpretations.

 

For a detailed description of these and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statement, please see the section entitled “Risk Factors”, beginning on page 15 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the Securities & Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on April 2, 2018.

 

 ii 

 

 

PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

  

June 30,
2018

  

December 31,

2017

 
   (Unaudited)     
ASSETS        
CURRENT ASSETS:        
Cash  $772,769   $859,830 
Accounts receivable   60,127    9,881,914 
Accounts receivable - related parties   12,296,807    21,847,733 
Inventories, net   8,385,394    2,579,190 
Prepaid expenses - related parties   43,202    57,202 
Prepaid expenses and other assets   58,176    37,519 
VAT recoverables   990,403    170,564 
Total Current Assets   22,606,878    35,433,952 
           
LONG-TERM ASSETS:          
Long-term prepaid expenses - related party   357,904    - 
Long-term inventories, net   1,396,072    10,546,648 
Property and equipment, net   540,854    579,557 
Land use rights and yew forest assets, net   28,455,098    6,369,938 
           
Total Long-term Assets   30,749,928    17,496,143 
           
Total Assets  $53,356,806   $52,930,095 
           
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
CURRENT LIABILITIES:          
Accounts payable  $167,928   $152,812 
Accounts payable - related parties   -    357,708 
Accrued expenses and other payables   421,710    162,619 
Taxes payable   5,522    5,574 
Due to related parties   586,295    619,999 
Short-term borrowings   4,666,779    6,099,876 
           
Total Current Liabilities   5,848,234    7,398,588 
           
NONCURRENT LIABILITIES:          
Deferred income   353,522    359,646 
Total Noncurrent Liabilities   353,522    359,646 
           
Total Liabilities   6,201,756    7,758,234 
           
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:          
Common Stock ($0.001 par value; 140,000,000 shares authorized; 51,875,000 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017)   51,875    51,875 
Additional paid-in capital   11,428,412    10,363,412 
Retained earnings   32,049,852    30,287,658 
Statutory reserves   3,762,288    3,762,288 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) - foreign currency translation adjustment   (137,377)   706,628 
           
Total Shareholders’ Equity   47,155,050    45,171,861 
           
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity  $53,356,806   $52,930,095 

 

See notes to these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

 1 

 

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

  

For the Three Months Ended

June 30,

  

For the Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
REVENUES:                
Revenues  $142,412   $4,067,590   $174,670   $9,408,793 
Revenues - related parties   14,677,956    11,536,786    17,676,836    14,071,047 
                     
Total Revenues   14,820,368    15,604,376    17,851,506    23,479,840 
                     
COST OF REVENUES:                    
Cost of revenues   89,337    4,058,847    102,243    9,360,063 
Cost of revenues - related parties   11,377,474    955,866    13,916,411    3,010,134 
                     
Total Cost of Revenues   11,466,811    5,014,713    14,018,654    12,370,197 
                     
GROSS PROFIT   3,353,557    10,589,663    3,832,852    11,109,643 
                     
OPERATING EXPENSES:                    
Selling   6,989    66    7,829    331 
General and administrative   1,280,311    299,849    1,539,343    597,987 
                     
Total Operating Expenses   1,287,300    299,915    1,547,172    598,318 
                     
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS   2,066,257    10,289,748    2,285,680    10,511,325 
                     
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):                    
Interest expense   (69,077)   (35,382)   (137,110)   (87,345)
Other income   3,022    1,147    90,325    1,437 
Exchange loss   (387,014)   -    (476,701)   - 
                     
Total Other Expenses   (453,069)   (34,235)   (523,486)   (85,908)
                     
INCOME BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES   1,613,188    10,255,513    1,762,194    10,425,417 
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES   -    (604)   -    (604)
NET INCOME  $1,613,188   $10,254,909   $1,762,194   $10,424,813 
                     
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME:                    
NET INCOME  $1,613,188   $10,254,909   $1,762,194   $10,424,813 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS):                    
Foreign currency translation adjustment   (2,400,809)   775,601    (844,005)   1,079,481 
                     
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)  $(787,621)  $11,030,510   $918,189   $11,504,294 
                     
NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE:                    
Basic  $0.03   $0.20   $0.03   $0.20 
Diluted  $0.03   $0.19   $0.03   $0.19 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:                    
Basic   51,875,000    51,875,000    51,875,000    51,875,000 
Diluted   55,866,258    53,041,145    55,502,609    55,034,527 

 

See notes to these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

 2 

 

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

  

For the Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
   2018   2017 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:        
Net income  $1,762,194   $10,424,813 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Depreciation   30,050    46,498 
Stock-based compensation   1,065,000    67,348 
Amortization of land use rights and yew forest assets   598,366    70,717 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   10,037,898    2,693,028 
Accounts receivable - related parties   9,542,974    (4,421,530)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (21,862)   (5,367)
Prepaid expenses - related parties   13,543    11,816 
Inventories, net   3,297,088    (7,625,415)
VAT recoverables   (855,373)   292,731 
Accounts payable   15,301    (26,246)
Accounts payable - related parties   (365,562)   (1,978,078)
Accrued expenses and other payables   272,245    302,587 
Due to related parties   (32,370)   (51,602)
Deferred income   -    218,204 
Taxes payable   (52)   (11,869)
           
NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES   25,359,440    7,635 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:          
Prepayments made to related party for purchase of yew forest assets   (372,098)   - 
Purchase of land use rights and yew forest assets   (23,681,125)   (679,387)
           
NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES   (24,053,223)   (679,387)
           
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
Proceeds from short-term borrowings   3,156,000    6,501,105 
Repayment of short-term borrowings   (4,432,593)   (3,617,764)
Repayments to related party   -    (75,875)
           
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES   (1,276,593)   2,807,466 
           
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE ON CASH   (116,685)   22,849 
           
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH   (87,061)   2,158,563 
           
CASH - Beginning of period   859,830    278,991 
           
CASH - End of period  $772,769   $2,437,554 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:          
Cash paid for:          
Interest  $104,208   $86,076 
Income taxes  $-   $18,015 
NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCIANG ACTIVITIES          
Operating expenses paid by related party  $4,555   $27,015 
Reclassification of inventories to land use rights and yew forest assets  $-   $4,257,122 

 

See notes to these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

 3 

 

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2018

 

NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES

 

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted as permitted by rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of Yew Bio-Pharm Group, Inc. (individually “YBP” and collectively with its subsidiaries and operating variable interest entity, the “Company”). The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the summary of significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present a fair statement of the financial position as of June 30, 2018, and the results of operations and cash flows for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, have been presented.

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company continually evaluates its estimates, including those related to bad debts, inventories, income taxes, and the valuation of equity transactions. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that it believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Any future changes to these estimates and assumptions could cause a material change to our reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Certain amounts from prior period financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. This reclassification has resulted in no changes to the Company’s financial position or results of operations presented.

 

 4 

 

 

Details of the Company’s subsidiaries, variable interest entity (“VIE”) and VIE’s subsidiary are as follows:

 

Name  Domicile and Date of Incorporation 

Registered

Capital

 

Effective

Ownership

 

Principal

Activities

Heilongjiang Jinshangjing Bio-Technology Development Co., Limited (“JSJ”)  PRC
October 29, 2009
  US$100,000  100%  Holding company
Yew Bio-Pharm Holdings Limited (“Yew Bio-Pharm (HK)”)  Hong Kong
November 29, 2010
  HK$10,000  100%  Holding company of JSJ
Harbin Yew Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd. (“HDS”)  PRC
August 22, 1996
  RMB45,000,000  Contractual arrangements  Sales of yew tree components for use in pharmaceutical industry; sales of yew tree seedlings; the manufacture of yew tree wood handicrafts; and the sales of candle, pine needle extract, yew essential oil soap, complex taxus cuspidate extract, and northeast yew extract
Harbin Yew Food Co., Ltd (“HYF”)  PRC
November 4, 2014
  RMB100,000  100%(1)  Sales of wood ear mushroom drink
MC Commerce Holding Inc. (“MC”)  State of California,
United State
June 8, 2016
     100%(2)  Sales of yew oil candles and yew oil soaps

 

(1) Wholly-owned subsidiary of HDS
   
(2) 51% owned by YBP and 49% owned by HDS  

 

 5 

 

 

NOTE 2 - PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

 

The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of YBP, its subsidiaries and operating VIE and its subsidiary in which the Company is the primary beneficiary. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated on consolidation.

 

Pursuant to a restructuring plan intended to ensure compliance with applicable PRC laws and regulations (the “Second Restructure”), on November 5, 2010, JSJ entered into a series of contractual arrangements (the “Contractual Arrangements”) with HDS and/or Zhiguo Wang, his wife Guifang Qi and Xingming Han (collectively with Mr. Wang and Madame Qi, the “HDS Shareholders”), as described below:

 

Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement. Pursuant to the Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement between JSJ and HDS (the “Business Cooperation Agreement”), JSJ has the exclusive right to provide to HDS general business operation services, including advice and strategic planning, as well as consulting services related to technology, research and development, human resources, marketing and other services deemed necessary (collectively, the “Services”). Under the Business Cooperation Agreement, JSJ has exclusive and proprietary rights and interests in all rights, ownership, interests and intellectual properties arising out of or created during the performance of the Business Cooperation Agreement, including but not limited to copyrights, patents, patent applications, software and trade secrets. HDS shall pay to JSJ a monthly consulting service fee (the “Service Fee”) in RMB that is equal to 100% of the monthly net income of HDS. Upon the prior written consent by JSJ, the rate of Service Fee may be adjusted pursuant to the operational needs of HDS. Within 30 days after the end of each month, HDS shall (a) deliver to JSJ the management accounts and operating statistics of HDS for such month, including the net income of HDS during such month (the “Monthly Net Income”), and (b) pay 80% of such Monthly Net Income to JSJ (each such payment, a “Monthly Payment”). Within ninety (90) days after the end of each fiscal year, HDS shall (a) deliver to JSJ financial statements of HDS for such fiscal year, which shall be audited and certified by an independent certified public accountant approved by JSJ, and (b) pay an amount to JSJ equal to the shortfall, if any, of the aggregate net income of HDS for such fiscal year, as shown in such audited financial statements, as compared to the aggregate amount of the Monthly Payments paid by HDS to JSJ in such fiscal year. HDS also granted an irrevocable and exclusive option to JSJ to purchase any and all of the assets of HDS, to the extent permitted under PRC law, at the lowest price permitted by PRC law. Unless earlier terminated in accordance with the provisions of the Business Cooperation Agreement or other agreements separately executed between JSJ and HDS, the Business Cooperation Agreement is for a term of ten years and expires on November 5, 2020; however, the term of the Business Cooperation Agreement may be extended if confirmed in writing by JSJ prior to the expiration of the term thereof. The period of the extended term shall be determined exclusively by JSJ and HDS shall accept such extended term unconditionally. Unless JSJ commits gross negligence, or a fraudulent act, against HDS, HDS shall not terminate the Business Cooperation Agreement prior to the expiration of the term, including any extended term. Notwithstanding the foregoing, JSJ shall have the right to terminate the Business Cooperation Agreement at any time upon giving 30 days’ prior written notice to HDS.
   
Exclusive Option Agreement. Under an Exclusive Option Agreement among JSJ, HDS and each HDS Shareholder (individually, an “Option Agreement”), the terms of which are substantively identical to each other, each HDS Shareholder has granted JSJ or its designee the irrevocable and exclusive right to purchase, to the extent permitted under PRC law, all or any part of the HDS Shareholder’s equity interests in HDS (the “Equity Interest Purchase Option”) for RMB10. If an appraisal is required by PRC laws at the time when and if JSJ exercises the Equity Interest Purchase Option, the parties shall negotiate in good faith and, based upon the appraisal, make a necessary adjustment to the purchase price so that it complies with any and all then applicable PRC laws. Without the consent of JSJ, the HDS Shareholders shall not sell, transfer, mortgage or dispose of their respective shares of HDS stock. Additionally, without the prior consent of JSJ, the HDS Shareholders shall not in any manner supplement, change or amend the articles of association and bylaws of HDS, increase or decrease its registered capital, change the structure of its registered capital in any other manner, or engage in any transactions that could materially affect HDS’ assets, liabilities, rights or operations, including, without limitation, the incurrence or assumption of any indebtedness except incurred in the ordinary course of business, execute any major contract over RMB500,000, sell or purchase any assets or rights, incur of any encumbrance on any of its assets or intellectual property rights in favor of a third party or transfer of any agreements relating to its business operation to any third party. The term of each Option Agreement is ten years commencing on November 5, 2020 and may be extended at the sole election of JSJ.

 

 6 

 

 

Equity Interest Pledge Agreement. In order to guarantee HDS’s performance of its obligations under the Business Cooperation Agreement, each HDS Shareholder, JSJ and HDS entered into an Equity Interest Pledge Agreement (individually, a “Pledge Agreement”), the terms of which are substantially similar to each other. Pursuant to the Pledge Agreement, each HDS Shareholder pledged all of his or her equity interest in HDS to JSJ. If HDS or the HDS Shareholders breach their respective contractual obligations and such breach is not remedied to the satisfaction of JSJ within 20 days after the giving of notice of breach, JSJ, as pledgee, will be entitled to exercise certain rights, including the right to foreclose upon and sell the pledged equity interests. During the term of the Pledge Agreement, the HDS Shareholder shall not transfer his or her equity interest in HDS or place or otherwise permit any other security interest of other encumbrance to be placed on such equity interest. Upon the full payment of the Service Fee under the Business Cooperation Agreement and upon the termination of HDS’s obligations thereunder, the Pledge Agreement shall be terminated.
   
Power of Attorney. Under the Power of Attorney executed by each HDS Shareholder (each, a “Power of Attorney”), the terms of which are substantially similar to each other, JSJ has been granted an exclusive, irrevocable power of attorney to take actions in the place and stead of the HDS Shareholders, to act on behalf of the HDS Shareholder as his or her exclusive agent and attorney with respect to all matters concerning the HDS Shareholder’s equity interests in HDS, including without limitation, the right to: 1) attend shareholders’ meetings of HDS; 2) exercise all the HDS Shareholders’ rights, including voting rights under PRC laws and HDS’s Articles of Association, including but not limited to the sale or transfer or pledge or disposition of the HDS Shareholder’s equity interests in HDS in whole or in part; and 3) designate and appoint on behalf of the HDS Shareholders the legal representative, executive director, supervisor, manager and other senior management of HDS.

 

To the extent that the Contractual Arrangements are enforceable under PRC law, as from time to time interpreted by relevant state agencies, they constitute the valid and binding obligations of each of the parties to each such agreement.

 

The Company believes that HDS is considered a VIE under ASC 810 “Consolidation”, because the equity investors in HDS no longer have the characteristics of a controlling financial interest, and the Company, through JSJ, is the primary beneficiary of HDS and controls HDS’s operations. Accordingly, HDS has been consolidated as a deemed subsidiary into YBP as a reporting company under ASC 810.

 

YBP has no direct or indirect legal or equity ownership interest in HDS. However, through the Contractual Arrangements, the stockholders of HDS have assigned all their rights as stockholders, including voting rights and disposition rights of their equity interests in HDS to JSJ, our indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary. YBP is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of HDS and the financial statements of HDS are consolidated in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the carrying amount and classification of the assets and liabilities in the Company’s balance sheets that relate to the Company’s variable interest in the VIE and VIE’s subsidiary are as follows:

 

  

June 30,
2018

  

December 31,
2017

 
Assets        
Cash  $717,891   $798,514 
Accounts receivable   -    9,841,841 
Accounts receivable - related parties   12,296,807    21,847,733 
Inventories (current and long-term), net   7,352,297    10,680,304 
Prepaid expenses and other assets   45,138    26,637 
Prepaid expenses - related parties   43,202    57,202 
Property and equipment, net   535,738    573,563 
Long-term prepaid expenses - related party   357,904    - 
Land use rights and yew forest assets, net   28,409,739    6,326,529 
VAT recoverables   990,403    170,564 
Total assets of VIE and its subsidiary  $50,749,119   $50,322,887 
           
Liabilities          
Accrued expenses and other payables  $419,293   $162,004 
Accounts payable   14,485    17,727 
Accounts payable - related parties   -    357,708 
Due to VIE holding companies   580,249    590,300 
Short-term borrowings   4,666,779    6,099,876 
Deferred income   353,522    359,646 
Due to related parties   111,106    145,474 
Total liabilities of VIE and its subsidiary  $6,145,434   $7,732,735 

 

 7 

 

 

NOTE 3 - REVENUE RECOGNITION 

 

The Company accounts for revenue arising from contracts and customers in accordance with Accounting Standards Update (ASU or Update) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”), which was adopted on January 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. The adoption of ASC 606 did not impact the Company’s previously reported financial statements in any prior period nor did it result in a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings.

 

Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue when its customer obtains control of promised goods, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods. To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that the Company determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that Company will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the goods it transfers to the customer. At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations and assesses whether each promised good is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price, which is allocated to the respective performance obligation, when the performance obligation is satisfied. Generally, the Company’s performance obligations are satisfied when the customers take possession of the products, which normally occurs upon shipment or delivery depending on the terms of the contracts. 

 

In general, the Company's products within its segments are aligned according to the nature and economic characteristics of its products and provide meaningful disaggregation of each business segment's results of operations. Disaggregation of revenue by business segment are included in Note 11 - SEGMENT INFORMATION.  

 

NOTE 4 - INVENTORIES 

 

Inventories consisted of raw materials, finished goods including handicrafts, yew essential oil soap, complex cuspidate extract, composite northeast yew extract, yew candles and pine needle extracts, yew seedlings and other trees, which consist of larix, spruce and poplar trees. The Company classifies its inventories based on its historical and anticipated levels of sales; any inventory in excess of its normal operating cycle of one year is classified as long-term on its consolidated balance sheets. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, inventories consisted of the following:

 

   June 30, 2018   December 31, 2017 
   Current portion   Long-term portion   Total   Current portion   Long-term portion   Total 
Raw materials  $75,549   $2,606,131   $2,681,680   $62,548   $2,651,272   $2,713,820 
Finished goods   8,310,203    598,909    8,909,112    2,475,709    588,444    3,064,153 
Yew seedlings   -    410,116    410,116    47,913    9,789,963    9,837,876 
Other trees   -    470,310    470,310    -    246,695    246,695 
Total   8,385,752    4,085,466    12,471,218    2,586,170    13,276,374    15,862,544 
                               
Inventory write-down   (358)   (2,689,394)   (2,689,752)   (6,980)   (2,729,726)   (2,736,706)
Inventories, net  $8,385,394   $1,396,072   $9,781,466   $2,579,190   $10,546,648   $13,125,838 

 

 8 

 

 

Inventories as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consisted of the inventory purchased from related parties are as follows:

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
Inventories, net  $1,014,464   $1,022,452 
Inventories - related parties, net   7,370,930    1,556,738 
Total  $8,385,394   $2,579,190 

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
Long-term inventories, net  $1,396,072   $3,375,247 
Long-term inventories - related parties, net   -    7,171,401 
Total  $1,396,072   $10,546,648 

 

NOTE 5 - TAXES

 

(a) Federal Income Tax and Enterprise Income Taxes 

 

The Company, YBP, registered in the state of Nevada, and its subsidiary, MC, registered in the State of California, are subject to the United States federal income tax at a tax rate of 21%. No provision for income taxes in the U.S. has been made as YBP and MC had no U.S. taxable income as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. 

 

The Company’s subsidiary, Yew Bio-Pharm (HK), is incorporated in Hong Kong and has no operating profit or tax liabilities during the years. Yew Bio-Pharm (HK) is subject to tax at 16.5% on the assessable profits arising in or derived from Hong Kong.

 

 9 

 

 

The Company’s subsidiary, JSJ, and VIE and its subsidiary, HYF and HDS, incorporated in the PRC, are subject to PRC’s Enterprise Income Tax. Pursuant to the PRC Income Tax Laws, Enterprise Income Taxes (“EIT”) is generally imposed at 25%. However, HDS has been named as a leading enterprise in the agricultural industry and awarded with a tax exemption through December 31, 2058 with an exception of sales of handicrafts, yew candle, pine needle extracts and yew essential oil soap which are not within the scope of agricultural area.

 

The table below summarizes the difference between the U.S. statutory federal tax rate and the Company’s effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017:

 

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
   2018   2017 
U.S. federal income tax rate   21.00%   34.00%
Foreign income not recognized in the U.S.   (21.00)%   (34.00)%
PRC EIT rate   25.00%   25.00%
PRC tax exemption and reduction   (43.45)%   (25.83)%
Income tax difference under different tax jurisdictions   18.26%   0.76%
Valuation allowance   0.19%   0.07%
Effective tax rate   -    - 

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are provided for significant income and expense items recognized in different years for income tax and financial reporting purposes. Temporary differences, which give rise to a net deferred tax asset for the Company as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, are as follows:

 

  

June 30,

2018

  

December 31,

2017

 
Tax benefit of net operating loss carry-forwards  $1,882,346   $2,541,363 
Tax benefit of inventory write-down   672,349    614,625 
Valuation allowance   (2,554,695)   (3,155,988)
Non-current deferred tax assets  $-   $- 

 

The U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) was enacted on December 22, 2017. The Tax Act among other changes, reduces the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%. The Company recognized provisional tax impacts related to the revaluation of deferred tax assets and liabilities and corresponding valuation allowances in its consolidated financial statements for the six months ended June 30, 2018. There was no impact of the revaluation to the current net income because it was fully offset by the valuation allowance that was recorded against the deferred tax asset. In addition, the Tax Act implements a modified territorial tax system that includes a one-time transition tax on deemed repatriation of previously untaxed accumulated earnings and profits of certain foreign subsidiaries, and creates new taxes on certain foreign-sourced earnings. In connection with the Tax Act, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) that allows companies to record provisional estimates of the effects of the legislative change, and a one-year measurement period to finalize the accounting of those effects.

 

The Company’s management is in the process of gathering information and evaluating the amount of the one-time transition tax mandated by the Tax Act. As of June 30, 2018, the Company is not yet able to calculate a reasonable estimate for the impact of the one-time transition tax on the Company’s equity investment due to the complexity of calculating accumulated foreign earnings and profits, foreign tax paid, and other tax components involved in foreign tax credit calculations for applicable years after 1986. As such, no provision of the one-time transition tax was made for the year end December 31, 2017 or the six months ended June 30, 2018. The Company will continue to calculate the impact of the Tax Act and will record any resulting tax adjustments during year 2018.

 

 10 

 

 

NOTE 6 - SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS

 

In May 2016, HDS entered into a line of credit agreement with Harbin Rongtong Branch of Bank of Communications (“BOCOM”) for the period from May 3, 2016 through May 3, 2018, pursuant to which the Company obtained a bank loan in the amount of RMB10,000,000 (approximately $1,471,000) on June 13, 2017, payable on June 12, 2018. Under this credit agreement. The loan carries an interest rate of 5.873% per annum and is payable quarterly. Heilongjiang Zishan Technology Co., Ltd. (“ZTC”), a related party controlled by Zhiguo Wang and his wife Madame Qi, collateralized its buildings and land use right with BOCOM to secure the loans under this credit agreement. In addition, ZTC, Heilongjiang Yew Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (“Yew Pharmaceutical”), a related party of the Company, Zhiguo Wang, Madame Qi, Yicheng Wang, the son of Zhiguo Wang and Yuqi Mao, the former family member of Yicheng Wang, provided guarantees to the loan. HDS paid off the loan in full on June 11, 2018.

 

On November 15, 2017, HDS entered into a loan agreement with Shanghai Pudong Development Bank (“SPD Bank”) Harbin Branch, pursuant to which the Company obtained a bank loan in the amount of RMB10,000,000 (approximately $1,509,000), payable on October 20, 2018. The loan carries an interest rate of 4.100% per annum and is payable at maturity. The proceeds of the loan were used by the Company to purchase raw materials. Madam Qi has secured the loan with her personal assets. In addition, Yew Pharmaceutical, Zhiguo Wang, Yicheng Wang, and Yuqi Mao, the former family member of Yicheng Wang provided guarantees to the loan.

 

On December 22, 2016, HDS entered into a credit agreement with China Everbright Bank (“CEB”) which agreed to provide credit line of RMB20,000,000 (approximately $2,880,000) to the Company for the period of three years. During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company obtained short-term loans from CEB in the total amount of $3,156,000 and $5,030,000, respectively, under this credit agreement and paid off in the total amount of $2,870,000 and $2,160,000, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the balance of loans borrowed from CEB was $3,156,000 and $2,870,000, respectively. These loans carry interest rates ranging from 4.30% to 4.60% per annum and the interests are payable monthly. The loans with CEB are secured by properties and land use rights of Yew Pharmaceutical. In addition, Zhiguo Wang, Madame Qi, Yew Pharmaceutical, and ZTC provided guarantees to the loans.

 

NOTE 7 - STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Stock option activities for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 were summarized in the following table.

 

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

2018

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

2017

 
   Number of Stock Options   Weighted Average Exercise Price   Number of Stock Options   Weighted Average Exercise Price 
Balance at beginning of period   24,872,212    0.22    25,325,512    0.22 
Issued   -    -    50,000    0.25 
Exercised   -    -    -    - 
Expired   15,103,475    0.22    -    - 
Forfeited   -    -    -    - 
Balance at end of period   9,768,737    0.22    25,375,512    0.22 
Option exercisable at end of period   9,668,737    0.22    24,465,012    0.22 

 

 11 

 

 

On May 20, 2018 the Board approved to extend the expiration date of 5,000,000 options issued to Zhiguo Wang and 2,488,737 options issued to Guifang Qi from June 30, 2018 to December 31, 2019. The Company treated this extension as a modification of the award upon the directors’ extraordinary services rendered to the Company and recognized incremental compensation cost. The Company measured the incremental compensation cost as the excess of the fair value of the modified award over the fair value of the original award immediately before its terms were modified. As a result of these modifications, the Company recognized incremental compensation cost of $1,059,987 in stock-based compensation expense during the six months ended June 30, 2018, and the weighted average remaining contractual life was changed to 1.5 years.

 

The following table summarizes the shares of the Company’s common stock issuable upon exercise of options outstanding at June 30, 2018:

 

Stock Options Outstanding   Stock Options Exercisable 

Range of

Exercise Price

  

Number

Outstanding

at

June 30,

2018

  

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Life (Years)

  

Weighted

Average

Exercise Price

  

Number

Exercisable

at

June 30,

2018

  

Weighted

Average

Exercise Price

 
$0.20-0.25      9,768,737    1.25   $0.22    9,668,737   $0.22 

 

The Company’s outstanding stock options and exercisable stock options had intrinsic value in the amount of $283,262, based upon the Company’s closing stock price of $0.25 as of June 30, 2018. Stock option expense recognized during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 amounted to $1,065,000 and $67,348, respectively. The value of options was calculated using Black Scholes Option Pricing Model based upon the following assumptions: dividend yield of 0%, volatility of 91%-212%, risk free rate of 0.14%-2.58%, and expected term of 0.12-3.03 years.

 

NOTE 8 - EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

Under the provisions of ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share”, basic income per common share is computed by dividing net income attributable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the periods presented. Diluted income per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that would then share in the income of the company, subject to anti-dilution limitations.

 

The following table presents a reconciliation of basic and diluted net income per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017:

 

  

For the Three Months Ended

June 30,

   For the Six Months Ended June 30, 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Net income available to common stockholders for basic and diluted net income per share of common stock  $1,613,188   $10,254,909   $1,762,194   $10,424,813 
Weighted average common stock outstanding - basic   51,875,000    51,875,000    51,875,000    51,875,000 
Effect of dilutive securities:                    
Non-vested restricted common stock   -    -    -    - 
Stock options issued to directors/officers/employees   3,991,258    1,166,145    3,627,609    3,159,527 
Weighted average common stock outstanding - diluted   55,866,258    53,041,145    55,502,609    55,034,527 
Net income per common share - basic  $0.03   $0.20   $0.03   $0.20 
Net income per common share - diluted  $0.03   $0.19   $0.03   $0.19 

 

 12 

 

 

Diluted net income per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares and dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the respective periods. The potentially dilutive securities that were not included in the calculation of diluted net income per share in the periods presented where their inclusion would be anti-dilutive included options to purchase common shares of 0 and 1,961,436 on a weighted average basis for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively; and option to purchase common shares of 0 and 241,436 on a weighted average basis for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

NOTE 9 - CONCENTRATIONS OF CREDIT RISK AND MAJOR CUSTOMERS

 

Customers

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, customers accounting for 10% or more of the Company’s revenue were as follows:

 

  

For the Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
Customer  2018   2017 
A (Yew Pharmaceutical, a related party)   72.1%   59.9%
B   *%   40.0%
D (Wonder Genesis Global Ltd., a related party)   14.9%   *%
O (Heilongjiang Pingshan Hongdoushan Development Co., Ltd., a related party)   10.6%   *%

 

* Less than 10%

 

The two largest customers accounted for 97.6% and 99.3% of the Company’s total outstanding accounts receivable as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, of which Yew Pharmaceutical, a related party, accounted for 82.9% and 68.3% of the total outstanding accounts receivable, respectively; customer B accounted for 31.0% of total outstanding accounts receivable at December 31, 2017 and Heilongjiang Pingshan Hongdoushan Development Co., Ltd., a related party, accounted for 14.7% of the total outstanding accounts receivable at June 30, 2018.

 

Suppliers

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, suppliers accounting for 10% or more of the Company’s purchase were as follows:

 

  

For the Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
Supplier  2018   2017 
A (Yew Pharmaceutical, a related party)   31%   62%
C (Changzhi Du, a related party)   *%   12%
Q (Heilongjiang Zishan Technology Co., Ltd., a related party)   17%   *%

 

Accounts payable to supplier D, a related party, supplier K, and supplier J accounted for 60.2%, 11.6% and 13.4%, respectively, of the Company’s total accounts payable at December 31, 2017.

 

Accounts payable to supplier K, supplier J and supplier R accounted for 35.3%, 40.7% and 11.5%, respectively, of the Company’s total accounts payable at June 30, 2018.

 

 13 

 

 

NOTE 10 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

In addition to several of the Company’s officers and directors, the Company conducted transactions with the following related parties:

 

Company   Nature of Relationship
Heilongjiang Zishan Technology Co., Ltd. (“ZTC”)   51% owned by Heilongjiang Hongdoushan Ecology Forest Co., Ltd., 34% owned by Zhiguo Wang, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, 11% owned by Guifang Qi, the wife of Mr. Wang and director of the Company, and 4% owned by third parties.
Heilongjiang Yew Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (“Yew Pharmaceutical”)   95% owned by Heilongjiang Hongdoushan Ecology Forest Stock Co., Ltd., and 5% owned by Madame Qi.
Shanghai Kairun Bio-Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (“Kairun”)   60% owned by Heilongjiang Zishan Technology Co., Ltd., 20% owned by Heilongjiang Hongdoushan Ecology Forest Stock Co., Ltd., and 20% owned by Mr. Wang.
Heilongjiang Hongdoushan Ecology Forest Co., Ltd. (“HEFS”)   63% owned by Mr. Wang, 34% owned by Madame Qi, and 3% owned by third parties.
Hongdoushan Bio-Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (“HBP”)   30% owned by Mr. Wang, 19% owned by Madame Qi and 51% owned by HEFS
Heilongjiang Pingshan Hongdoushan Development Co., Ltd. (“HDS Development”)   80% owned by HEFS and 20% owned by Kairun
Wuchang City Xinlin Forestry Co., Ltd. (Xinlin)   98% owned by ZTC and 2% owned by HEFS effective March 21, 2016
Changzhi Du   Legal person of Xinlin before March 1, 2017
Jinguo Wang   Management of HDS, legal person of Xinlin before February 9, 2018, and director of ZTC effective February 1, 2018.
Others   Individuals who have significant influence on the Company
Wonder Genesis Global Ltd.   Jinguo Wang is the Company’s director before June 10, 2018
Lifeforfun Limited  

Yuqi Mao, the former family member of Yicheng Wang, is the Lifeforfun Limited’s director.

 

Land use rights and yew forest assets purchased from related parties

 

Yew forest assets purchased from related parties which are included in land use rights and yew forest assets as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are as follows:

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
Land use rights, net  $317,685   $325,737 
Yew forest assets, net   7,822,166    3,210,195 
Yew forest assets - related parties, net   20,315,247    2,834,006 
Total  $28,455,098   $6,369,938 

 

Transactions with Yew Pharmaceutical

 

On January 9, 2010, the Company entered into a Cooperation and Development Agreement (the “Development Agreement”) with Yew Pharmaceutical. Pursuant to the Development Agreement, for a period of ten years expiring on January 9, 2020, the Company shall supply cultivated yew raw materials to Yew Pharmaceutical that will be used by Yew Pharmaceutical to make traditional Chinese medicines and other pharmaceutical products, at price of RMB 1,000,000 (approximately $158,000) per metric ton. In addition, the Company entered into a series of wood ear mushroom selling agreements with Yew Pharmaceuticals, pursuant to which the Company sells wood ear mushroom collected from local peasants to Yew Pharmaceuticals for manufacturing of wood ear mushroom products. Furthermore, the Company entered into a series of yew candles, yew essential oil soaps, complex taxus cuspidate extract, composite northeast yew extract and pine needle extracts purchase agreements with Yew Pharmaceuticals, pursuant to which the Company purchases yew candles and pine needle extracts as finished goods and then sells to third party and related party.

 

 14 

 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, total revenues to Yew Pharmaceutical under the above agreement amounted to $12,863,894 and $14,071,047, and corresponding cost of revenues amounted to $9,594,338 and $3,010,134, respectively. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $10,243,926 and $21,647,828 accounts receivable from Yew Pharmaceutical, respectively.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the total purchase of yew candles, pine needle extracts, composite northeast yew extract and mixed essential oil from Yew Pharmaceutical amounted to $10,432,872 and $10,826,411, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the products HDS purchased from Yew Pharmaceutical in the amount of $2,879,960 and $9,258,553 were sold and included in the total cost of revenues of $14,018,654 and $12,370,197, respectively.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, HYF did not purchase any wood ear mushroom from Yew Pharmaceutical. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the products HYF purchased from Yew Pharmaceutical in the amount of $493 and $20,491 were sold and included in the total cost of revenues of $14,018,654 and $12,370,197, respectively. HYF had accounts payable of $0 and $50,318 to Yew Pharmaceutical at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, HYF had $0 and $39,974, respectively, due to Yew Pharmaceutical, which represents an unsecured loan bearing no interest and payable on demand and was included in due to related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Transactions with HBP

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, HBP paid off operation expense on behalf of HYF in the amount of $4,555 and $27,015, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, HYF had due to HBP in the amount of $104,347 and $101,697, respectively, which was included in due to related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Transactions with HDS Development

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, total revenues to HDS Development amounted to $1,884,836 and $0, and corresponding cost of revenues amounted to $1,422,969 and $0, respectively. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $1,812,935 and $0 accounts receivable from HDS Development, respectively.

 

Transactions with Wonder Genesis Global Ltd.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, total revenues to Wonder Genesis Global Ltd. amounted to $2,651,562 and $0, and the corresponding cost of revenues amounted to $2,634,021 and $0, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $0 and $199,905 accounts receivable from Wonder Genesis Global Ltd., respectively.

 

Transactions with Lifeforfun Limited

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, total revenues to Lifeforfun Limited amounted to $249,462 and $0, and the corresponding cost of revenues amounted to $245,939 and $0, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $239,946 and $0 accounts receivable from Lifeforfun Limited, respectively.

 

Transactions with ZTC

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, HDS purchased yew forest assets from ZTC in the amount of $5,745,955 and $0, respectively. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had zero balance payable to ZTC.

 

 15 

 

 

Transactions with Xinlin

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, HDS purchased yew forest assets from Xinlin in the amount of $2,683,065 and $0, respectively. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had zero balance payable to Xinlin.

 

Transactions with Changzhi Du

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, HDS purchased yew forest assets from Changzhi Du in the amount of $937,706 and purchased yew seedlings from Changzhi Du in the amount of $762,259, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had zero balance payable to Changzhi Du.

 

Transactions with Jinguo Wang

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, HDS purchased yew forest assets from Jinguo Wang in the amount of $1,459,840 and purchased yew seedlings from Jinguo Wang in the amount of $25,675, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had zero balance payable to Jinguo Wang.

  

Transactions with Guifang Qi

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, HDS purchased yew forest assets from Guifang Qi in the amount of $1,869,130 and $0, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had zero balance payable to Guifang Qi.

 

Transactions with Zhiguo Wang

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, HDS purchased yew forest assets from Zhiguo Wang in the amount of $1,319,386 and $0, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had zero balance payable to Zhiguo Wang.

 

Transactions with Others

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, HDS purchased yew forest from others in the amount of $4,729,149 and purchased yew seedlings from others in the amount of $2,496,254, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had accounts payable to others in the amount of $0 and $307,390, respectively, which was included in the accounts payable-related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, HDS prepaid $357,904 and $0 to others for purchase of yew forests, respectively, which was included in the long-term prepaid expenses-related party in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, total revenues to others amounted to $27,082 and $0, and the corresponding cost of revenues amounted to $19,144 and $0, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had no accounts receivable from others.  

 

 16 

 

 

Operating Leases

 

On March 25, 2005, the Company entered into an Agreement for the Lease of Seedling Land with ZTC (the “ZTC Lease”). Pursuant to the ZTC Lease, the Company leased 361 mu of land from ZTC for a period of 30 years, expiring on March 24, 2035. Annual payments under the ZTC Lease are RMB162,450 (approximately $26,000). The payment for the first five years of the ZTC Lease was due prior to December 31, 2010 and beginning in 2011, the Company is required to make full payment for the land use rights in advance for each subsequent five-year period. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, rent expense related to the ZTC Lease amounted to $12,758 and $11,816, respectively. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, prepaid rent to ZTC amounted to $42,950 and $56,177, respectively, which was included in prepaid expenses-related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

On January 1, 2010, the Company entered into a lease for office space with Mr. Wang (the “Office Lease”). Pursuant to the Office Lease, annual payments of RMB15,000 (approximately $2,000) are due for each of the term. The term of the Office Lease is 15 years and expires on December 31, 2025. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, rent expense related to the Office Lease amounted to $1,178 and $1,091, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the unpaid rent was $2,982 and $1,881, respectively, which was included in due to related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

On July 1, 2012, the Company entered into a lease for office space with Zhiguo Wang (the “JSJ Lease”). Pursuant to the JSJ Lease, JSJ leases approximately 30 square meter of office space from Zhiguo Wang in Harbin. Rent under the JSJ Lease is RMB10,000 (approximately $1,600) annually. The term of the JSJ Lease is three years and expires on June 30, 2015. On July 1, 2015, the Company and Mr. Wang renewed the JSJ Lease. The renewed lease expires on June 30, 2018. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, rent expense related to the JSJ Lease amounted to $785 and $727, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the unpaid rent was $6,043 and $5,380, respectively, which was included in due to related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

On January 1, 2015, HYF entered into an lease agreement with HBP, pursuant to which HBP leases a warehouse, with an area of 225 square meters, and a workshop, with an area of 50 square meters, both of which are located at No.1 Zisan Road, Shangzhi economic development district, Shangzhi City, Heilongjiang Province, to HYF in exchange for no consideration for the period from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2020.

 

The Company leased office space from HDS Development in the A’cheng district in Harbin (the “A’cheng Lease”) on March 20, 2002. The A’cheng Lease is for a term of 23 years and expires on March 19, 2025. Pursuant to the A’cheng Lease, lease payment shall be made as follows:

 

Period  Annual lease amount  Payment due date 
March 2002 to February 2012  RMB25,000  Before December 2012 
March 2012 to February 2017  RMB25,000  Before December 2017 
March 2017 to March 2025  RMB25,000  Before December 2025 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, rent expense related to the A’cheng Lease amounted $1,963 and $1,739, respectively. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the unpaid rent was $3,777 and $1,921, respectively, which was included in due to related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

The Company leased an apartment in the Nangang district (the “Jixing Lease”) in Harbin from Ms. Qi on October 1, 2016. The term of Jixing Lease is one year. On October 1, 2017, the Company and Ms. Qi renewed the Jixing Lease. The renewed lease expires on September 30, 2018. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, rent expense related to the Jixing Lease amounted $785 and $606, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the prepaid rent to Ms. Qi amounted to $252 and $1,025, respectively, which was included in prepaid expenses-related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. 

 

Due to Related Parties

 

The Company’s officers, directors and other related parties, from time to time, provided advances to the Company for working capital purpose. These advances are usually short-term in nature, non-interest bearing, unsecured and payable on demand. Due to Zhiguo Wang and Madam Qi, excluding the unpaid rents disclosed above and the borrowings from Madame Qi as disclosed below, amounted to $41,051 at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, which was included in due to related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

 17 

 

 

On May 15, 2015, the Company borrowed $648,000 from Madame Qi through the issuance of a subordinated promissory note. The note bears 2% interest per annum and shall be payable on or before November 15, 2015 (“Due Date”). Interest payment shall be made with principal on Due Date. On September 28, 2015, Madame Qi and the Company agreed to extend the Due Date to January 31, 2016, with the remaining terms of the note unchanged. On January 15, 2016, 2017 and 2018, the Company and Madame Qi entered into agreements to further extend the Due Date of the note to December 31, 2016, 2017 and 2018, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company made repayments of $0 and $75,875 to Madame Qi, respectively. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the total borrowings including the interest were $428,095, which was included in due to related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Research and Development Agreement

 

The Company entered into a Technology Development Service Agreement dated January 1, 2010 (the “Technology Agreement”) with Kairun. The term of the Technology Agreement was two years. Under the Technology Agreement, Kairun provides the Company with testing and technologies regarding utilization of yew trees to extract taxol and develop higher concentration of taxol in the yew trees the Company grow and cultivate. For these services, the Company agreed to pay Kairun RMB200,000 (approximately $32,000) after the technologies developed by Kairun are tested and approved by the Company. The Company will retain all intellectual property rights in connection with the technologies developed by Kairun. Kairun may not provide similar services to any other party without the Company’s prior written consent. In February 2012, we entered into a supplemental agreement with Kairun, extending the term of the Technology Agreement indefinitely until project results specified in the original Technology Agreement have been achieved. Kairun is owned directly and indirectly primarily by Mr. Wang and Madame Qi. As of June 30, 2018, Kairun has not yet completed the services provided for in the Technology Agreement and, therefore, no payment was made to Kairun.

 

NOTE 11 - SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

ASC 280 requires use of the “management approach” model for segment reporting. The management approach model is based on the way a company’s management organizes segments within the company for making operating decisions and assessing performance. Reportable segments are based on products and services, geography, legal structure, management structure, or any other manner in which management disaggregates a company.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company operated in four reportable business segments: (1) the TCM raw materials segment, consisting of the production and sale of yew raw materials or yew tree extracts used in the manufacture of TCM; (2) the yew tree segment, consisting of the growth and sale of yew tree seedlings and mature trees; (3) the handicrafts segment, consisting of the manufacture and sale of handicrafts and furniture made of yew timber; and (4) Others segment, consisting of the sales of yew candles, pine needle extracts, yew essential oil soap, complex taxus cuspidate extract, and composite northeast yew extract. The Company’s reportable segments are strategic business units that offer different products. They are managed separately based on the fundamental differences in their operations. All of the Company’s operations including the sales of yew candles, pine needle extracts, yew essential oil soap, complex taxus cuspidate extract and composite northeast yew extract are conducted in the PRC.

 

 18 

 

 

Information with respect to these reportable business segments for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 was as follows:

 

  

For the Six Months Ended
June 30,

 
   2018   2017 
Revenues:        
TCM raw materials  $14,748,730   $14,071,047 
Yew trees   32,501    - 
Handicrafts   1,308    2,368 
Others   3,068,967    9,406,425 
   $17,851,506   $23,479,840 
Cost of revenues:          
TCM raw materials  $11,017,307   $3,010,134 
Yew trees   20,204    - 
Handicrafts   1,241    2,176 
Others   2,979,902    9,357,887 
   $14,018,654   $12,370,197 
Depreciation and amortization:          
TCM raw materials  $193,488   $15,780 
Yew trees   21,376    - 
Handicrafts   483    3 
Others   8,191    30,715 
   $223,538   $46,498 
Net income (loss):          
TCM raw materials  $3,143,266   $10,813,297 
Yew trees   11,000    - 
Handicrafts   14    159 
Others   (1,392,086)   (388,643)
   $1,762,194   $10,424,813 

 

   June 30, 2018 
   TCM raw materials   Yew trees   Handicrafts   Others   Total 
Identifiable long-lived assets, net  $28,455,098   $446,673   $11,396   $82,785   $28,995,952 

 

   December 31, 2017 
   TCM raw materials   Yew trees   Handicrafts   Others   Total 
Identifiable long-lived assets, net  $6,369,938   $474,961   $12,066   $92,530   $6,949,495 

 

The Company does not allocate any selling, general and administrative expenses, other income/expenses to its reportable segments because these activities are managed at a corporate level. In addition, the specified amounts for interest expense and income tax expense are not included in the measure of segment profit or loss reviewed by the chief operating decision maker and these specified amounts are not regularly provided to the chief operating decision maker. Therefore, the Company has not disclosed interest expense and income tax expense for each reportable segment.

 

Asset information by reportable segment is not reported to or reviewed by the chief operating decision maker and, therefore, the Company has not disclosed asset information for each reportable segment. The Company’s operations are located in the PRC. All revenues are derived from customers in the PRC. All of the Company’s operating assets are located in the PRC.

 

 19 

 

 

NOTE 12 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Operating Lease

 

On February 1, 2015, the Company entered into a lease for its U.S. principal office space in California. Pursuant to the office lease, the monthly payment of $3,039 is due on the first day of each month of the first year, $3,150 for each month of the second year and $3,261 for each month of the third year. The term of the lease is for 3 years and expires on January 31, 2018. On February 1, 2018, the Company renewed the lease and the lease expires on January 31, 2020. Pursuant to the renewed lease agreement, the monthly payment is $3,521 from February 1, 2018 to January 1, 2019, and $3,669 from February 1, 2019 to January 31, 2020. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, rent expense related to the U.S. principal office lease amounted to $22,458 and $20,232, respectively.

 

On May 1, 2017, the Company entered into a lease for product exhibition and promotion space in California. The lease is on month by month basis and the monthly rent is $2,800. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the related rent expense amounted to $16,500 and $5,600, respectively. 

 

On April 30, 2018, the Company entered into a lease for product sales space in California. The lease term is from May 11, 2018 to April 30, 2019. The lease includes a monthly base rent payment, due on the first day of each calendar month, and contingent rent, based on a percentage of sales in excess of specified target amounts. Pursuant to the lease agreement, the monthly base rent payment is $1,761 from May 11, 2018 to May 31, 2018, $2,600 from June 1, 2018 to October 30, 2018 and from January 1, 2019 to April 30, 2019, and $4,600 from November 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. The contingent rent is recognized as rent expense when achievement of the specified sales that triggers the contingent rent is probable. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, the related rent expense amounted to $6,961, and no contingent rent expense was incurred.

   

See Note 10 for related party operating lease commitments.

 

Seedling Purchase and Sale Long-Term Cooperation Agreement

 

On November 25, 2010, HDS entered into a Seedling Purchase and Sale Long-Term Cooperation Agreement (the “Seedling Agreement”) with Wuchang City Xinlin Foresty Co., Ltd (“Xinlin”), pursuant to which HDS will sell yew seedlings to Xinlin at a price equal to 90% of HDS’s publicly-published wholesale prices. Xinlin has agreed to purchase from the Company 10,000 yew seedlings annually. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company didn’t make any sales under the Seedling Agreement.

 

 20 

 

 

NOTE 13 – RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUCEMENTS

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, “Compensation — Stock Compensation (Topic 718) - Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting”, which expands the scope of Topic 718 to include all share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. These amendments align the accounting for share-based payment transactions with non-employees with accounting for share-based payment transactions with employees. An entity should only remeasure liability-classified awards that have not been settled by the date of adoption and equity-classified awards for which a measurement date has not been established through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. Upon transition, the entity is required to measure these nonemployee awards at fair value as of the adoption date. The entity must not remeasure assets that are completed. This standard will be effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of Topic 606. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU No. 2018-07 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-09, “Codification Improvements”, which affects a wide variety of Topics in the Codification and applies to all reporting entities within the scope of the affected accounting guidance. These amendments represent changes to clarify, correct errors in, or make minor improvements to the Codification, eliminating inconsistencies and providing clarifications in current guidance. Some of the amendments do not require transition guidance and will be effective upon issuance. However, many of the amendments do have transition guidance with effective dates for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, for public business entities. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU No. 2018-09 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-10, “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases”. These amendments affect narrow aspects of the guidance issued in the amendments in ASU 2016-02 including those regarding residual value guarantees, rate implicit in the lease, lessee reassessment of lease classification, lessor reassessment of lease term and purchase option, variable lease payments that depend on an index or a rate, investment tax credits, lease term and purchase option, transition guidance for amounts previously recognized in business combinations, certain transition adjustments, transition guidance for leases previously classified as capital leases under Topic 840, transition guidance for modifications to leases previously classified as direct financing or sales-type leases under Topic 840, transition guidance for sale and leaseback transactions, impairment of net investment in the lease, unguaranteed residual asset, effect of initial direct costs on rate implicit in the lease, and failed sale and leaseback transactions. For entities that early adopted Topic 842, the amendments are effective upon issuance of ASU 2018-10, and the transition requirements are the same as those in Topic 842. For entities that have not adopted Topic 842, the effective date and transition requirements will be the same as the effective date and transition requirements in Topic 842. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU No. 2018-10 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements”. The amendments in this ASU affect the guidance issued in ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which is not yet effective. The amendments provide entities with an additional (and optional) transition method to adopt the new leases standard. Under this new transition method, an entity initially applies the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognizes a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The amendments also provide lessors with a practical expedient to not separate non-lease components from the associated lease component and, instead, to account for those components as a single component in certain circumstances. For the entities that have not adopted Topic 842, the effective date for this ASU are the same as those for ASU 2016-02, which is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU No. 2018-11 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 14 – JOINT VENTURE AGREEMENT FOR PLANTING OF YEW TREES

 

On June 14, 2018, HDS entered into a Joint Venture Planting Agreement (the “Joint Venture Agreement”) with Qing’An National Forestry Administration (“Qing’An Forestry”), pursuant to which the Qing’An Forestry has given HDS access to 10,729.5 mu of forest land located in Qing’An County, Suihua City, Heilongjiang Province to develop yew tree forests and produce yew seedlings. The Company is required to plant yew trees on this land from June 14, 2018 to June 13, 2038. Any gross revenues from the planting of yew tree shall be distributed 80% to the Company and 20% to the Qing’An Forestry. The Company accounts for this Joint Venture Agreement as a collaborative arrangement under ASC 808, “Collaborative Arrangements” and related topics and will record revenue on a gross basis as the prime contractor. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company has not generated any revenues or activities on this land.

 

NOTE 15 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

On July 1, 2018, the Company renewed JSJ Lease for three years (See Note 10), which will now expire on June 30, 2021. Pursuant to the renewed lease agreement, the annual payment will be RMB 10,000 (approximately $1,600).

 

On July 20, 2018, the Company issued 200,000 shares of common stock to Xuehai Wu, a director, for the exercise of the stock options with an exercise price of $0.20 granted to him pursuant to the stock option agreement entered into on July 18, 2014. The Company received the proceeds in the amount of $40,000 on July 19, 2018.

 

On July 27, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors was granted the discretionary authority to make a reverse split of its common stock between 1-for-6 and 1-for-10 by June 30, 2019. As of the filing date, the Company has not executed the reverse stock split.

 

On August 6, 2018, HDS entered into a loan agreement with Bank of Yingkou Harbin Branch (“Yingkou Bank”), pursuant to which HDS obtained a bank loan in the amount of RMB15,000,000 (approximately $2,192,000), payable on August 5, 2019. The loan carries an interest rate of 5.4375% per annum and is payable monthly. Heilongjiang Zishan Technology Co., Ltd. (“ZTC”), a related party controlled by Zhiguo Wang and his wife Madame Qi, collateralized its buildings and land use right with Yingkou Bank to secure the loan. 

 

On August 8, 2018, the Company repaid loans from CEB in the amount of $720,000.

 

 21 

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion of our consolidated results of operations and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, and consolidated financial conditions as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this document.

 

Overview

 

We are a major grower and seller of yew trees and manufacturer of products made from yew trees, including handicrafts. We also sell branches and leaves of yew trees for the manufacture of TCM containing taxol, which TCM has been approved in the PRC for use as a secondary treatment of certain cancers, meaning it must be administered in combination with other pharmaceutical drugs. The yew industry is highly regulated in the PRC because the Northeast yew tree is considered an endangered species.

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, we operated in four reportable business segments: (1) the TCM raw materials segment, consisting of the production and sale of yew raw materials or yew tree extracts used in the manufacture of TCM; (2) the yew tree segment, consisting of the growth and sale of yew tree seedlings and mature trees; (3) the handicrafts segment, consisting of the manufacture and sale of handicrafts and furniture made of yew timber; and (4) the “Others” segment, consisting of the sales of yew candles, yew essence oil soaps, pine needle extracts, complex taxus cuspidate extract, and composite northeast yew extract. Our reportable segments are strategic business units that offer different products. The four business segments are managed separately based on the fundamental differences in their operations. All of the Company’s operations including sales of yew candles, pine needle extracts and yew essential oil soap are conducted in the PRC for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, revenues from the sales of TCM raw materials represented approximately 82.62% of consolidated revenue (including 82.62% of consolidated revenues from related parties); sales of yew trees represented approximately 0.18% of consolidated revenue (including 0.15% of consolidated revenue from a related party); sales of handicrafts represented approximately 0.01% of consolidated revenue; and the sales of others represented approximately 17.19% of consolidated revenue (including 16.25% of consolidated revenue from related parties). For the six months ended June 30, 2017, revenues from the sales of TCM raw materials represented approximately 59.93% of consolidated revenue (including 59.93% of consolidated revenues from a related party); sales of yew trees represented approximately 0.00% of consolidated revenue; sales of handicrafts represented approximately 0.01% of consolidated revenue; and the sales of others represented approximately 40.06% of consolidated revenue.

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, revenues from the sales of TCM raw materials represented approximately 88.08% of consolidated revenue (including 88.08% of consolidated revenues from related parties); sales of yew trees represented approximately 0.22% of consolidated revenue (including 0.18% of consolidated revenue from a related party); sales of handicrafts represented approximately 0.00% of consolidated revenue; and the sales of others represented approximately 11.70% of consolidated revenue (including 10.78% of consolidated revenue from related parties). For the three months ended June 30, 2017, revenues from the sales of TCM raw materials represented approximately 73.39% of consolidated revenue (including 73.39% of consolidated revenues from a related party); sales of yew trees represented approximately 0.00% of consolidated revenue; sales of handicrafts represented approximately 0.01% of consolidated revenue; and the sales of others represented approximately 26.06% of consolidated revenue.

  

YBP’s revenues were mostly generated by HDS and in the PRC. The expenses ($1,357,451 and $318,308 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively) incurred in the U.S. were primarily related to fulfilling the reporting requirements of public listed company, stock-based compensation, office daily operations and other costs. As of June 30, 2018, YBP had $772,769 in cash and held the 100% equity interests in its subsidiaries Yew HK and JSJ. Yew HK itself has no business operations or assets other than holding of equity interests in JSJ. JSJ has no business operations and assets with a book value of approximately $2,885, including approximately $2,885 in cash at June 30, 2018. JSJ also holds the VIE interests in HDS through the contractual arrangements (the “Contractual Arrangements”) described in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. On November 4, 2014, HDS established a new subsidiary, Harbin Yew Food Co. LTD. (“HYF”), to develop and cultivate wood ear mushroom. As of June 30, 2018, HYF had started pilot production with limited amount of sales. In the event that we are unable to enforce the Contractual Agreements, we may not be able to exert effective control over HDS and HYF, and our ability to conduct our business may be materially and adversely affected. If the applicable PRC authorities invalidate our Contractual Agreements for any violation of PRC laws, rules and regulations, we would lose control of the VIE and its subsidiary resulting in its deconsolidation in financial reporting and severe loss in our market valuation. On June 8, 2016, YBP established a new subsidiary, MC Commerce Holding Inc. (MC), to sales the Company’s yew products in American market. MC had limited operation activities for the six months ended June 30, 2018.

 

Critical accounting policies and estimates

 

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We continually evaluate our estimates, including those related to bad debts, allowance for obsolete inventory, and the classification of short and long-term inventory, the useful life of property and equipment and intangible assets, recovery of long-lived assets, income taxes, write-down in value of inventory, and the valuation of equity transactions. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Any future changes to these estimates and assumptions could cause a material change to our reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements.

 

 22 

 

 

Variable interest entities

 

Pursuant to ASC 810 and related subtopics related to the consolidation of variable interest entities, we are required to include in our consolidated financial statements the financial statements of VIEs. The accounting standards require a VIE to be consolidated by a company if that company is subject to the risk of loss for the VIE or is entitled to receive the VIE’s residual returns. VIEs are those entities in which we, through contractual arrangements, bear the risk of, and enjoy the rewards normally associated with ownership of the entity, and therefore we are the primary beneficiary of the entity. HDS is considered a VIE, and we are the primary beneficiary. We entered into agreements with HDS pursuant to which we shall receive 100% of HDS’s net income. In accordance with these agreements, HDS shall pay consulting fees equal to 100% of its net income to our wholly-owned subsidiary, JSJ. JSJ shall supply the technology and administrative services needed to service the HDS.

 

The accounts of HDS are consolidated in the accompanying financial statements. As a VIE, HDS’ sales are included in our total sales, its income from operations is consolidated with ours, and our net income includes all of HDS’ net income, and their assets and liabilities are included in our consolidated balance sheets. The VIEs do not have any non-controlling interest and, accordingly, we did not subtract any net income in calculating the net income attributable to us. Because of the contractual arrangements, we have pecuniary interest in HDS that requires consolidation of HDS’ financial statements with our financial statements.

 

As required by ASC 810-10, we perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether we are the primary beneficiary of HDS which is identified as a VIE of us. A quality assessment begins with an understanding of the nature of the risks in the entity as well as the nature of the entity’s activities including terms of the contracts entered into by the entity, ownership interests issued by the entity and the parties involved in the design of the entity. The significant terms of the agreements between us and HDS are discussed above in the “Corporate Structure and Recapitalization - Second Restructure” section. Our assessment on the involvement with HDS reveals that we have the absolute power to direct the most significant activities that impact the economic performance of HDS. JSJ, our wholly own subsidiary, is obligated to absorb a majority of the risk of loss from HDS activities and is entitled to receive a majority of HDS’s expected residual returns. In addition, HDS’ shareholders have pledged their equity interest in HDS to JSJ, irrevocably granted JSJ an exclusive option to purchase, to the extent permitted under PRC Law, all or part of the equity interests in HDS and agreed to entrust all the rights to exercise their voting power to the person(s) appointed by JSJ. Under the accounting guidance, we are deemed to be the primary beneficiary of HDS and the results of HDS’ operation are consolidated in our consolidated financial statements for financial reporting purposes.

 

Accordingly, as a VIE, HDS’ sales are included in our total sales, its income from operations is consolidated with our income from operations and our net income includes all of HDS’ net income. All the equity (net assets) and profits (losses) of HDS are attributed to us. Therefore, no non-controlling interest in HDS is presented in our consolidated financial statements. As we do not have any non-controlling interest and, accordingly, did not subtract any net income in calculating the net income attributable to us. Because of the Contractual Arrangements, YBP has a pecuniary interest in HDS that requires consolidation of HDS’ financial statements with those of ours.

 

Additionally, pursuant to ASC 805, as YBP and HDS are under the common control of the HDS Shareholders, the Second Restructure was accounted for in a manner similar to a pooling of interests. As a result, our historical amounts in the accompanying consolidated financial statements give retrospective effect to the Second Restructure, whereby our assets and liabilities are reflected at the historical carrying values and their operations are presented as if they were consolidated for all periods presented, with our results of operations being consolidated from the date of the Second Transfer Agreement. The accounts of HDS are consolidated in the accompanying financial statements.

 

Accounts receivable

 

Accounts receivable are presented net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses. We review the accounts receivable balance on a periodic basis and make general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. In evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, we consider many factors, including the age of the balance, a customer’s historical payment history, its current credit-worthiness and current economic trends. Accounts are written off after exhaustive efforts at collection. We recognize the probability of the collection for each customer and believe the amount of the balance as of June 30, 2018 could be collected and accordingly, based on a review of our outstanding balances, we did not record any allowance for doubtful accounts.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories consisted of raw materials, finished goods including handicrafts, yew essential oil soap, complex cuspidate extract, composite northeast yew extract, yew candles and pine needle extracts, yew seedlings and other trees, which consist of larix, spruce and poplar trees. We classify our inventories based on our historical and anticipated levels of sales; any inventory in excess of its normal operating cycle of one year is classified as long-term on our consolidated balance sheets. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market value utilizing the weighted average method. Raw materials primarily include yew timber used in the production of products such as handicrafts, furniture and other products containing yew timber. Finished goods-handicraft and yew seedlings include direct materials and direct labor.

 

 23 

 

 

We estimate the amount of the excess inventories by comparing inventory on hand with the estimated sales that can be sold within our normal operating cycle of one year. Any inventory in excess of our current requirements based on historical and anticipated levels of sales is classified as long-term on our consolidated balance sheets. Our classification of long-term inventory requires us to estimate the portion of inventory that can be realized over the next 12 months.

  

To estimate the amount of slow-moving or obsolete inventories, we analyze movement of our products, monitor competing products and technologies and evaluate acceptance of our products. Periodically, we identify inventories that cannot be sold at all or can only be sold at deeply discounted prices. An allowance will be established if management determines that certain inventories may not be saleable. If inventory costs exceed expected market value due to obsolescence or quantities in excess of expected demand, we will record reserves for the difference between the carrying cost and the estimated market value.

 

Our handicraft and yew furniture products are hand-made by traditional Chinese artisans.

 

In accordance with ASC 905, “Agriculture”, our costs of growing yew seedlings are accumulated until the time of harvest and are reported at the lower of cost or market.

 

Property and equipment

 

Property and equipment are carried at cost and are depreciated on a straight-line basis (after taking into account their respective estimated residual value) over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The cost of repairs and maintenance is expensed as incurred; major replacements and improvements are capitalized. When assets are retired or disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gains or losses are included in income in the year of disposition. We examine the possibility of decreases in the value of fixed assets when events or changes in circumstances reflect the fact that their recorded value may not be recoverable. The estimated useful lives are as follows:

 

Building

  15 years
Machinery and equipment   10 years
Office equipment   3 years
Leasehold improvement   5 years
Motor vehicles   4 years

 

Land use rights and yew forest assets

  

All land in the PRC is owned by the PRC government and cannot be sold to any individual or company. We have recorded the amounts paid to the PRC government to acquire long-term interests to utilize land and yew forests as land use rights and yew forest assets. This type of arrangement is common for the use of land in the PRC. Yew trees on land containing yew tree forests are used to supply raw materials such as branches, leaves and fruit to us that will be used to manufacture our products. We amortize these land and yew forest use rights over the term of the respective land and yew forest use right, which ranges from 45 to 50 years. The lease agreements do not have any renewal option and we have no further obligations to the lessor. We record the amortization of these land and forest use rights as part of our cost of revenues.

 

Revenue recognition

 

We generate our revenue from sales of yew seedling products, sales of yew raw materials for medical application, sales of yew handicraft products, sales of “Others” including yew candles, yew essential oil soap, pine needle extract, complex taxus cuspidate extract, and composite northeast yew extract. Pursuant to the guidance of ASC 606, we recognize revenue when obligations under the terms of a contract with customer are satisfied; generally this occurs with the transfer of control of the products sold. Transfer of control to the customer is based on the standardized shipping terms in the contract as this determines when we has the right to payment, the customer has legal title to the asset and the customer has the risks of ownership. 

 

Income taxes

 

We are governed by the Income Tax Law of the PRC, Hong Kong and the United States. We account for income tax using the liability method prescribed by ASC 740, “Income Taxes”. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates that will be in effect in the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. We record a valuation allowance to offset deferred tax assets if based on the weight of available evidence; it is more-likely-than-not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized as income or loss in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

We apply the provisions of ASC 740-10-50, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes”, which provides clarification related to the process associated with accounting for uncertain tax positions recognized in our financial statements. Audit periods remain open for review until the statute of limitations has passed. The completion of review or the expiration of the statute of limitations for a given audit period could result in an adjustment to our liability for income taxes. Any such adjustment could be material to our results of operations for any given quarterly or annual period based, in part, upon the results of operations for the given period. Currently, we have no uncertain tax positions, and will continue to evaluate for uncertain positions in the future.

 

 24 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

  

Stock based compensation is accounted for based on the requirements of the Share-Based Payment topic of ASC 718 which requires recognition in the financial statements of the cost of employee and director services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments over the period the employee or director is required to perform the services in exchange for the award. The Accounting Standards Codification also requires measurement of the cost of employee and director services received in exchange for an award based on the grant-date fair value of the award.

 

Pursuant to ASC 505-50, for share-based payments to consultants and other third-parties, compensation expense is determined at the “measurement date.” The expense is recognized over the period of services or the vesting period, whichever is applicable. Until the measurement date is reached, the total amount of compensation expense remains uncertain. We record compensation expense based on the fair value of the award at the reporting date. The awards to consultants and other third-parties are then revalued, or the total compensation is recalculated based on the then current fair value, at each subsequent reporting date.

 

Recent accounting pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606)”. Under ASU 2014-09, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services and is recognized in an amount that reflects the consideration which the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. In addition, the standard requires disclosure of the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. The guidance permits two methods of adoption: retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented (full retrospective method), or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance recognized at the date of initial application (modified retrospective method).

 

On January 1, 2018, we adopted this new standard using the full retrospective method to restate each prior reporting period presented. We have identified its revenue streams and assessed each for the impacts. The new standard does not change the timing of when we recognize revenue as the majority of our revenue arises from contracts with customers in which the sale of goods is the main performance obligation. We recognize revenue when obligations under the terms of a contract with its customer are satisfied; generally this occurs with the transfer of control of the products sold. Transfer of control to the customer is based on the standardized shipping terms in the contract as this determines when we have the right to payment, the customer has legal title to the asset and the customer has the risks of ownership. Payment terms are defined in the contract and the contracts do not have a significant financing component.

 

The adoption did not have any impact on our consolidated financial statements and as a result, no changes were made to prior reporting periods presented

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, “Compensation — Stock Compensation (Topic 718) - Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting”, which expands the scope of Topic 718 to include all share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. These amendments align the accounting for share-based payment transactions with non-employees with accounting for share-based payment transactions with employees. An entity should only remeasure liability-classified awards that have not been settled by the date of adoption and equity-classified awards for which a measurement date has not been established through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. Upon transition, the entity is required to measure these nonemployee awards at fair value as of the adoption date. The entity must not remeasure assets that are completed. This standard will be effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of Topic 606. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU No. 2018-07 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-09, “Codification Improvements”, which affects a wide variety of Topics in the Codification and applies to all reporting entities within the scope of the affected accounting guidance. These amendments represent changes to clarify, correct errors in, or make minor improvements to the Codification, eliminating inconsistencies and providing clarifications in current guidance. Some of the amendments do not require transition guidance and will be effective upon issuance. However, many of the amendments do have transition guidance with effective dates for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, for public business entities. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU No. 2018-09 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

 25 

 

 

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-10, “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases”. These amendments affect narrow aspects of the guidance issued in the amendments in ASU 2016-02 including those regarding residual value guarantees, rate implicit in the lease, lessee reassessment of lease classification, lessor reassessment of lease term and purchase option, variable lease payments that depend on an index or a rate, investment tax credits, lease term and purchase option, transition guidance for amounts previously recognized in business combinations, certain transition adjustments, transition guidance for leases previously classified as capital leases under Topic 840, transition guidance for modifications to leases previously classified as direct financing or sales-type leases under Topic 840, transition guidance for sale and leaseback transactions, impairment of net investment in the lease, unguaranteed residual asset, effect of initial direct costs on rate implicit in the lease, and failed sale and leaseback transactions. For entities that early adopted Topic 842, the amendments are effective upon issuance of ASU 2018-10, and the transition requirements are the same as those in Topic 842. For entities that have not adopted Topic 842, the effective date and transition requirements will be the same as the effective date and transition requirements in Topic 842. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU No. 2018-10 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements. The amendments in this ASU affect the guidance issued in ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which is not yet effective. The amendments provide entities with an additional (and optional) transition method to adopt the new leases standard. Under this new transition method, an entity initially applies the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognizes a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The amendments also provide lessors with a practical expedient to not separate non-lease components from the associated lease component and, instead, to account for those components as a single component in certain circumstances. For the entities that have not adopted Topic 842, the effective date for this ASU are the same as those for ASU 2016-02, which is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU No. 2018-11 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Currency exchange rates

 

Our functional currency is the U.S. dollar, and the functional currency of our operating subsidiaries and VIE is the RMB. All of our sales are denominated in RMB. As a result, changes in the relative values of U.S. dollars and RMB affect our reported levels of revenues and profitability as the results of our operations are translated into U.S. dollars for reporting purposes. In particular, fluctuations in currency exchange rates could have a significant impact on our financial stability due to a mismatch among various foreign currency-denominated sales and costs. Fluctuations in exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and RMB affect our gross and net profit margins and could result in foreign exchange and operating losses.

 

Our exposure to foreign exchange risk primarily relates to currency gains or losses resulting from timing differences between signing of sales contracts and settling of these contracts. Furthermore, we translate monetary assets and liabilities denominated in other currencies into RMB, the functional currency of our operating subsidiaries. Our results of operations and cash flow are translated at average exchange rates during the period, and assets and liabilities are translated at the unified exchange rate at the end of the period. Translation adjustments resulting from this process are included in accumulated other comprehensive income in our statement of shareholders’ equity. We have not used any forward contracts, currency options or borrowings to hedge our exposure to foreign currency exchange risk. We cannot predict the impact of future exchange rate fluctuations on our results of operations and may incur net foreign currency losses in the future.

 

Our financial statements are expressed in U.S. dollars, which is the functional currency of our parent company. The functional currency of our operating subsidiaries and affiliates is RMB. To the extent we hold assets denominated in U.S. dollars, any appreciation of the RMB against the U.S. dollar could result in a charge in our statement of operations and a reduction in the value of our U.S. dollar denominated assets. On the other hand, a decline in the value of RMB against the U.S. dollar could reduce the U.S. dollar equivalent amounts of our financial results.

 

Recently enacted JOBS Act

 

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” under the recently enacted JOBS Act. As a result, we are permitted to, and intend to, rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements. For so long as we are an emerging growth company, among other things, we will not be required to:

 

Have an auditor report on our internal controls over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

 

 26 

 

 

Submit certain executive compensation matters to shareholder advisory votes, such as “say-on-pay” and “say-on-frequency”;
   
Obtain shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved; and
   
Disclose certain executive compensation related items such as the correlation between executive compensation and performance and comparisons of the Chief Executive’s compensation to median employee compensation.

 

In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. In other words, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period. Our financial statements may therefore not be comparable to those of companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

 

We will remain an “emerging growth company” for up to five years, or until the earliest of (i) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our total annual gross revenues exceed $1 billion; (ii) the date that we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which would occur if the market value of our ordinary shares that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter or (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt during the preceding three-year period.

 

Until such time, however, because the JOBS Act has only recently been enacted, we cannot predict whether investors will find our stock less attractive because of the more limited disclosure requirements that we may be entitled to follow and other exemptions on which we are relying while we are an “emerging growth company”. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be more volatile.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following tables set forth key components of our results of operations for the periods indicated, in dollars. The discussion following the table is based on these results:

 

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Revenues - third parties  $142,412   $4,067,590   $174,670   $9,408,793 
Revenues - related parties   14,677,956    11,536,786    17,676,836    14,071,047 
Total revenues   14,820,368    15,604,376    17,851,506    23,479,840 
Cost of revenues - third parties   89,337    4,058,847    102,243    9,360,063 
Cost of revenues - related parties   11,377,474    955,866    13,916,411    3,010,134 
Total cost of revenues   11,466,811    5,014,713    14,018,654    12,370,197 
Gross profit   3,353,557    10,589,663    3,832,852    11,109,643 
Operating expenses   1,287,300    299,915    1,547,172    598,318 
Income from operations   2,066,257    10,289,748    2,285,680    10,511,325 
Other expenses   (453,069)   (34,235)   (523,486)   (85,908)
Net income before income taxes   1,613,188    10,255,513    1,762,194    10,425,417 
Income taxes   -    (604)   -    (604)
Net income   1,613,188    10,254,909    1,762,194    10,424,813 
Other comprehensive income (loss):                    
Foreign currency translation adjustment   (2,400,809)   775,601    (844,005)   1,079,481 
Comprehensive income (loss)  $(787,621)  $11,030,510   $918,189   $11,504,294 

 

Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 Compared to Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2017

 

Revenues

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, we had total revenues of $14,820,368, as compared to $15,604,376 for the three months ended June 30, 2017, a decrease of $784,008 or 5.02%. The decrease in total revenue was attributable to the decrease in revenues from handicrafts and “Others” segments, partially offset by increase in revenues from sales of TCM raw materials and yew trees to related parties.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, we had total revenues of $17,851,506, as compared to $23,479,840 for the six months ended June 30, 2017, a decrease of $5,628,334 or 23.97%. The decrease in total revenue was attributable to the decrease in revenues from “Others” segments and handicrafts, partially offset by increase in revenues from sales of TCM raw materials and yew trees to related parties.

 

 27 

 

 

Total revenue is summarized as follows:

 

  

Three Months Ended 

June 30,

   Increase   Percentage 
   2018   2017   (Decrease)   Change 
TCM raw materials  $13,053,333   $11,536,786   $1,516,547    13.15%
Yew trees   32,501    -    32,501    100.00%
Handicrafts   206    1,004    (798)   (79.48)%
Others   1,734,328    4,066,586    (2,332,258)   (57.35)%
Total  $14,820,368   $15,604,376   $(784,008)   (5.02)%

 

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

   Increase   Percentage 
   2018   2017   (Decrease)   Change 
TCM raw materials  $14,748,730   $14,071,047   $677,683    4.82%
Yew trees   32,501    -    32,501    100.00%
Handicrafts   1,308    2,368    (1,060)   (44.76)%
Others   3,068,967    9,406,425    (6,337,458)   (67.37)%
Total  $17,851,506   $23,479,840   $(5,628,334)   (23.97)%

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to June 30, 2017, the increase in revenue of TCM raw material was mainly attributable to the increase in demand from our related parties, Yew Pharmaceutical and HDS Development. The decrease in revenue of handicrafts was mainly attributable to the decrease in market demand. The decrease in revenue of others was mainly attributable to lower demand in export market.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 compared to June 30, 2017, the increase in revenue of TCM raw material was mainly attributable to the increase in demand from our related parties, Yew Pharmaceutical and HDS Development. The decrease in revenue of handicrafts was mainly attributable to the decrease in market demand. The decrease in revenue of others was mainly attributable to the decrease in demand of yew candles, pine needle extracts and handmade essential oil soaps.

 

Cost of Revenues

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, cost of revenues amounted to $11,466,811 as compared to $5,014,713 for the three months ended June 30, 2017, an increase of $6,452,098 or 128.66%. For the three months ended June 30, 2018, cost of revenues accounted for 77.37% of total revenues compared to 32.14% of total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2017.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, cost of revenues amounted to $14,018,654 as compared to $12,370,197 for the six months ended June 30, 2017, an increase of $1,648,457 or 13.33%. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, cost of revenues accounted for 78.53% of total revenues compared to 52.68% of total revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2017.

 

Cost of revenues by product categories is as follows:

 

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   Increase   Percentage 
   2018   2017   (Decrease)   Change 
TCM raw materials  $9,773,130   $955,866   $8,817,264    922.44%
Yew trees   20,204    -    20,204    100.00%
Handicrafts   503    912    (409)   (44.85)%
Others   1,672,974    4,057,935    (2,384,961)   (58.77)%
Total  $11,466,811   $5,014,713   $6,452,098    128.66%

 

 28 

 

 

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

   Increase   Percentage 
   2018   2017   (Decrease)   Change 
TCM raw materials  $11,017,307   $3,010,134   $8,007,173    266.01%
Yew trees   20,204    -    20,204    100.00%
Handicrafts   1,241    2,176    (935)   (42.97)%
Others   2,979,902    9,357,887    (6,377,985)   (68.16)%
Total  $14,018,654   $12,370,197   $1,648,457    13.33%

 

The increase in our cost of revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2017 was primarily a result of the increase in cost of revenue in TCM raw materials, partially offset by the decrease in the “Others” segments. The increase in our cost of revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2017 was primarily a result of the increase in cost of revenue in TCM raw materials, partially offset by decrease in costs of revenue in the “Others” segments.

 

The increase in cost of revenue in TCM raw material segment was primarily attributable to the increase in the unit cost of TCM raw materials and increase of sales to our related parties, Yew Pharmaceutical and HDS Development. Usually we obtained yew foliage by picking the leaves from the grown yew trees. The unit cost of the TCM raw material only consisted of the picking labor cost and amortization. However, in the second quarter of 2018, the demand for TCM raw material increased due to the increased demand from our related parties, Yew Pharmaceutical and HDS Development. We did not have enough leaves to be picked from the grown yew trees. Thus, the Company cut down certain whole grown yew to produce TCM raw material, which led to significantly increase in the unit price due to the fact that the cost consisted of the unit price of the grown tree. But in the second quarter of 2017, we have had enough leaves to pick and sale without cutting down the grown trees and our unit cost was lower.

 

The decrease in cost of revenue in “Others” segment for the three months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2017 was primarily due to the decreased sales of yew candles, pine needle extracts and essential oil soaps, which was in line with the decrease in revenue.

 

The decrease in cost of revenue in “Others” segment for the six months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2017 was primarily due to the decreased sales of yew candles, pine needle extracts and essential oil soaps, which was in line with the decrease in revenue.

 

Gross Profit

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, gross profit was $3,353,557 as compared to $10,589,663 for the three months ended June 30, 2017, representing gross profit margins of 22.6% and 67.9%, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, gross profit was $3,832,852 as compared to $11,109,643 for the six months ended June 30, 2017, representing gross profit margins of 21.5% and 47.3%, respectively. Gross profit margins by categories are as follows:

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   2018   2017   (Decrease)
Increase
   2018   2017   (Decrease)
Increase
 
TCM raw materials   25.13%   91.71%   (66.58)%   25.30%   78.61%   (53.31)%
Yew trees   37.84%   0.00%   37.84%   37.84%   0.00%   37.84%
Handicrafts   (144.17)%   9.16%   (153.33)%   5.12%   8.11%   (2.99)%
Others   3.54%   0.21%   3.33%   2.90%   0.52%   2.38%
Total   22.63%   67.86%   (45.23)%   21.47%   47.32%   (25.85)%

  

The decrease in our overall gross profit margin for the three and six month ended June 30, 2018 as compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 were primarily attributable to the lower gross margin yields of TCM raw materials.

 

The decrease in our gross margin percentage related to the sale of TCM raw materials for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was primarily attributable to the significant increase in the cost of revenue of TCM raw materials for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018.

 

 29 

 

 

Selling Expenses 

 

Selling expenses consisted of the following: 

 

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Salary and related benefit  $-   $-   $-   $- 
Shipping and handling   -    -    -    - 
Other   6,989    66    7,829    331 
Total  $6,989   $66   $7,829   $331 

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, selling expense was $6,989 as compared to $66 for the three months ended June 30, 2017. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, selling expense was $7,829 as compared to $331 for the six months ended June 30, 2017.

 

General and Administrative Expenses  

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, general and administrative expenses amounted to $1,280,311, as compared to $299,849 for the three months ended June 30, 2017, an increase of $980,462, or 326.99%. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, general and administrative expenses amounted to $1,539,343, as compared to $597,987 for the six months ended June 30, 2017, an increase of $941,356, or 157.42%.  

  

General and administrative expenses consisted of the following: 

 

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Compensation and related benefits  $1,092,457   $121,444   $1,127,254   $249,917 
Depreciation   3,469    13,658    8,708    27,295 
Travel and entertainment   16,938    8,240    51,421    48,614 
Professional fees   14,714    6,001    26,806    15,952 
Other   152,733    150,506    325,154    256,209 
Total  $1,280,311   $299,849   $1,539,343   $597,987 

 

The increase in our general and administrative expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, as compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was primarily attributable to the increase in our stock-based compensation.  

 

 30 

 

 

Income from Operations

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, income from operations was $2,066,257, as compared to income from operations of $10,289,748 for the three months ended June 30, 2017, a decrease of $8,223,491, or 79.92%. The decrease was primarily attributable to the decrease in gross profit from TCM raw materials.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, income from operations was $2,285,680, as compared to income from operations of $10,511,325 for the six months ended June 30, 2017, a decrease of $8,225,645, or 78.26%. The decrease was primarily attributable to the decrease in gross profit from TCM raw materials.

 

Other Expenses

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, total other expense was $453,069 as compared to total other expense of $34,235 for the three months ended June 30, 2017. The increase was primarily attributable to the increase in government subsidy.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, total other expense was $523,486 as compared to total other expense of $85,908 for the six months ended June 30, 2017. The increase was primarily attributable to the increase in government subsidy.

 

Net Income

 

As a result of the factors described above, our net income was $1,613,188 or $0.03 (basic and diluted), for the three months ended June 30, 2018, as compared to net income of $10,254,909 or $0.20 and $0.19 (basic and diluted, respectively), for the three months ended June 30, 2017. As a result of the factors described above, our net income was $1,762,194 or $0.03 (basic and diluted), for the six months ended June 30, 2018, as compared to net income of $10,424,813 or $0.20 and $0.19 (basic and diluted, respectively), for the six months ended June 30, 2017.

 

Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, we reported an unrealized loss on foreign currency translation of $2,400,809, as compared to a gain of $775,601 for the three months ended June 30, 2017. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, we reported an unrealized loss on foreign currency translation of $844,005, as compared to a gain of $1,079,481 for the six months ended June 30, 2017. The change reflects the effect of the value of the U.S. dollar in relation to the RMB. These gains and loss are non-cash items. As described elsewhere herein, the functional currency of our subsidiary, JSJ, and our VIE, HDS, is the RMB. The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been translated and presented in U.S. dollars using period end rates of exchange for assets and liabilities, and average rates of exchange for the period for net revenues, costs, and expenses. Net gains resulting from foreign exchange transactions, if any, are included in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

 

Comprehensive Income 

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, comprehensive loss of $787,621 was derived from the sum of our net income of $1,613,188 with foreign currency translation loss of $2,400,809. For the three months ended June 30, 2017, comprehensive income of $11,030,510 was derived from the sum of our net income of $10,254,909 with foreign currency translation gain of $775,601.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, comprehensive income of $918,189 was derived from the sum of our net income of $1,762,194 with foreign currency translation loss of $844,005. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, comprehensive income of $11,504,294 was derived from the sum of our net income of $10,424,813 with foreign currency translation gain of $1,079,481.

 

Segment Information

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, we operated in four reportable business segments: (1) the TCM raw materials segment, consisting of the production and sale of yew raw materials and yew tree extracts used in the manufacture of TCM; (2) the yew tree segment, consisting of the growth and sale of yew tree seedlings and mature trees; (3) the handicrafts segment, consisting of the manufacture and sale of furniture and handicrafts made of yew timber; and (4) the “Others” segment, consisting of the sales of yew candles, pine needle extracts, yew essential oil soaps, complex taxus cuspidate extract, and composite northeast yew extract. Our reportable segments are strategic business units that offer different products. The four business segments are managed separately based on the fundamental differences in their operations. All of the Company’s operations including the sales of export commodities are conducted in the PRC.

 

 31 

 

 

Information with respect to these reportable business segments for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 was as follows:

 

  

For the three months ended

June 30, 2018

  

For the three months ended

June 30, 2017

 
   Revenues- third parties  

Revenues -

related parties

   Total  

Revenues-

third parties

  

Revenues -

related parties

   Total 
Revenues                        
TCM raw materials  $-   $13,053,333   $13,053,333   $-   $11,536,786   $11,536,786 
Yew trees   5,419    27,082    32,501    -    -    - 
Handicrafts   206    -    206    1,004    -    1,004 
Others   136,787    1,597,541    1,734,328    4,066,586    -    4,066,586 
Total revenues  $142,412   $14,677,956   $14,820,368   $4,067,590   $11,536,786   $15,604,376 
                               
Cost of Revenues                              
TCM raw materials  $-   $9,773,130   $9,773,130   $-   $955,866   $955,866 
Yew trees   1,060    19,144    20,204    -    -    - 
Handicrafts   503    -    503    912    -    912 
Others   87,774    1,585,200    1,672,974    4,057,935    -    4,057,935 
Total cost of revenues  $89,337   $11,377,474   $11,466,811   $4,058,847   $955,866   $5,014,713 

 

Information with respect to these reportable business segments for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 was as follows:

 

  

For the six months ended

June 30, 2018

  

For the six months ended

June 30, 2017

 
  

Revenues-

third parties

  

Revenues -

related parties

   Total  

Revenues-

third parties

  

Revenues -

related parties

   Total 
Revenues:                        
TCM raw materials  $-   $14,748,730   $14,748,730   $-   $14,071,047   $14,071,047 
Yew trees   5,419    27,082    32,501    -    -    - 
Handicrafts   1,308    -    1,308    2,368    -    2,368 
Others   167,943    2,901,024    3,068,967    9,406,425    -    9,406,425 
Total revenues  $174,670   $17,676,836   $17,851,506   $9,408,793   $14,071,047   $23,479,840 
                               
Cost of sales:                              
TCM raw materials  $-   $11,017,307   $11,017,307   $-   $3,010,134   $3,010,134 
Yew trees   1,060    19,144    20,204    -    -    - 
Handicrafts   1,241    -    1,241    2,176    -    2,176 
Others   99,942    2,879,960    2,979,902    9,357,887    -    9,357,887 
Total cost of revenues  $102,243   $13,916,411   $14,018,654   $9,360,063   $3,010,134   $12,370,197 

 

TCM raw materials

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2018, we sold 60,869 kg of TCM raw materials as compared to 48,506 kg of TCM raw materials during the three months ended June 30, 2017, a 25.49% increase in sales volume primarily attributable to increase in sales volume to our related parties, Yew Pharmaceutical and HDS Development.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2018, we sold 73,999 kg of TCM raw materials as compared to 65,481 kg of TCM raw materials during the six months ended June 30, 2016, a 13.01% increase in sales volume primarily attributable to increase in sales volume to our related parties, Yew Pharmaceutical and HDS Development.

 

In February 2010, we began selling yew branches and leaves that are used in the production of TCM. On January 9, 2010, we entered into the Development Agreement with Yew Pharmaceutical, a related party, for the development, production and sale of yew-based TCM. Pursuant to the Development Agreement, we sell yew branches and leaves to Yew Pharmaceutical. Yew Pharmaceutical manufactures TCM at its own facilities in Harbin in accordance with the requirements of the Heilongjiang Food and Drug Administration (the “HFDA”). Yew Pharmaceutical is also responsible for producing the finished product in accordance with GMP requirements. In this regard, Yew Pharmaceutical received a GMP certificate in November 2009, and has filed all applications with, and obtained all approvals from, the HFDA.

 

 32 

 

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, we had revenue of $13,053,333 and $11,536,786, respectively, from the sale of TCM raw materials to Yew Pharmaceutical and HDS Development. For the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, we had no revenue from the sale of TCM raw materials to third parties.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, we had revenue of $14,748,730 and $14,071,047, respectively, from the sale of TCM raw materials to Yew Pharmaceutical and HDS Development. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, we had no revenue from the sale of TCM raw materials to third parties.

 

Sales volume was summarized as follows:

 

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Sales volume - third parties (kg)   -    -    -    - 
Sales volume - related party (kg)   60,869    48,506    73,999    65,481 
Total sales volume   60,869    48,506    73,999    65,481 

  

Additionally, in order to ensure the sustainability of our yew forests, we closely monitor the growth rate of our yew trees. The amount of TCM raw materials we can sell is limited by the seasonal growth rate of our yew trees that are available for cutting branches and leaves. Over time, as more yew trees reach maturity, these limits may be increased.

 

Others

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2018, we sold approximately 20,040 yew candles in amount of $1,597,541 to related party. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, we sold approximately 38,040 yew candles in the amount of $2,901,024 to related party.

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2017, we sold approximately 37,200 yew candles, and 1,170 kilograms pine needle extracts in amount of $4,066,586 to third party. During the six months ended June 30, 2017, we sold approximately 171,540 yew candles, and 3,090 kilograms pine needle extracts in the amount of $9,406,425 to third party.

 

Handicrafts

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, revenue from the sale of handicrafts made from yew timber to third parties amounted to $206 and $1,004, respectively, decrease of $798, or 79.48%. During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, revenue from the sale of handicrafts made from yew timber to third parties amounted to $1,308 and $2,368, respectively, decrease of $1,060, or 44.76%. The decrease in revenues of handicrafts was mainly due to the Company’s strategy of stopping producing and selling of handicrafts due to bad market situation in recent years.

 

Yew trees

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2018, we sold 575 pieces of yew trees in amount of $5,419 to third party and 4,209 pieces of yew trees in amount of $27,082 to related party. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, we sold 575 pieces of yew trees in amount of $5,419 to third party and 4,209 pieces of yew trees in amount of $27,082 to related party. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, we did not sell any yew trees.

 

 33 

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

  

Liquidity is the ability of a company to generate funds to support its current and future operations, satisfy its obligations and otherwise operate on an ongoing basis. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had cash balances of $772,769 and $859,830, respectively. These funds are primarily located in various financial institutions located in China. Our primary uses of cash have been for the purchase of yew trees, land use rights and yew forest assets. Additionally, we use cash for employee compensation and working capital.

 

The following table sets forth information as to the principal changes in the components of our working capital from December 31, 2017 to June 30, 2018:

 

      

December 31, 2017 to

June 30, 2018

 
Category 

June 30,

2018

  

December 31,

2017

   Change   Percentage change 
Current assets:                
Cash  $772,769   $859,830   $(87,061)   (10.13)%
Accounts receivable   60,127    9,881,914    (9,821,787)   (99.39)%
Accounts receivable - related parties   12,296,807    21,847,733    (9,550,926)   (43.72)%
Inventories, net   8,385,394    2,579,190    5,806,204    225.12%
Prepaid expenses and other assets   58,176    37,519    20,657    55.06%
Prepaid expenses - related parties   43,202    57,202    (14,000)   (24.47)%
VAT recoverables   990,403    170,564    819,839    480.66%
Current liabilities:                    
Accounts payable   167,928    152,812    15,116    9.89%
Accounts payable - related parties   -    357,708    (357,708)   (100.00)%
Accrued expenses and other payables   421,710    162,619    259,091    159.32%
Taxes payable   5,522    5,574    (52)   (0.93)%
Due to related parties   586,295    619,999    (33,704)   (5.44)%
Short-term borrowings   4,666,779    6,099,876    (1,433,097)   (23.49)%
Working capital:                    
Total current assets  $22,606,878   $35,433,952   $(12,827,074)   (36.20)%
Total current liabilities   5,848,234    7,398,588    (1,550,354)   (20.95)%
Working capital  $16,758,644   $28,035,364   $(11,276,720)   (40.22)%

 

Our working capital decreased by $11,276,720 to $16,758,644 at June 30, 2018, from working capital of $28,035,364 at December 31, 2017. This decrease in working capital is primarily attributable to:

 

 

a decrease in accounts receivable - related parties of approximately $9,551,000

 

a decrease in accounts receivable of approximately $9,822,000
a decrease in short-term borrowings of approximately $1,433,000

 

partially offset by:

 

an increase in inventories, net of approximately $5,806,000

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, net cash flow provided by operating activities was $25,359,440, as compared to net cash flow provided by operating activities of $7,635 for the six months ended June 30, 2017, an increase of $25,351,805. Because the exchange rate conversion is different for the balance sheet and the statements of cash flows, the changes in assets and liabilities reflected on the statements of cash flows are not necessarily identical with the comparable changes reflected on the balance sheets.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, net cash flow provided by operating activities of $25,359,440 was primarily attributable to:

 

net income of approximately $1,762,000 adjusted for the add-back of non-cash items, such as depreciation of approximately $30,000, amortization of land use rights and yew forest assets of approximately $598,000 and stock-based compensation of approximately $1,065,000; and
   
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, such as a decrease in accounts receivable of approximately $10,038,000, a decrease in accounts receivable-related parties of approximately $9,543,000, a decrease in inventories, net of approximately $3,297,000, an increase in accounts payable-related parties of approximately $366,000, an increase in VAT recoverables of approximately $855,000 and a decrease in accrued expenses and other payables of approximately $272,000.

 

 34 

 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2017, net cash flow provided by operating activities of $7,635 was primarily attributable to:

  

net income of approximately $10,425,000 adjusted for the add-back of non-cash items, such as depreciation of approximately $46,000, amortization of land use rights and yew forest assets of approximately $71,000 and stock-based compensation of approximately $67,000; and
   
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, such as a decrease in accounts receivable of approximately $2,693,000, an increase in accounts receivable-related parties of approximately $4,422,000, an increase in inventories, net of approximately of $7,625,000, an increase in accounts payable-related parties of approximately $1,978,000, an increase in VAT recoverables of approximately $293,000, an increase in accrued expenses and other payables of approximately $303,000 and an increase in deferred income of approximately $218,000.

 

Net cash flow used in investing activities was approximately $24,053,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2018. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, we have made payment in approximately $23,681,000 for purchase of yew forest assets, and made prepayments for purchases of yew forest assets of approximately $372,000. Net cash flow used in investing activities was approximately $679,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2017. During the six months ended June 30, 2017, we have made payment in approximately $679,000 for purchase of yew forest assets.

 

Net cash flow used in financing activities was approximately $1,277,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and consisted of proceeds of $3,156,000 from a bank, and offset by repayments of approximately $4,433,000. Net cash flow provided by financing activities was approximately $2,807,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and consisted of proceeds of approximately $6,501,000 from a bank, and offset by repayments of approximately $3,618,000 and $76,000 to bank and our related party respectively.

 

We have historically financed our operations and capital expenditures through cash flows from operations, bank loans and advances from related parties. From March 2008 to September 2009, we received approximately $2.9 million of proceeds in the aggregate from offerings and sales of our common stock. Except for the portion used to pay for professional and other expenses in the U.S., substantial portions of the proceeds we received through sales of our common stock were retained in the PRC and used to fund our working capital requirements. As the PRC government imposes controls on PRC companies’ ability to convert RMB into foreign currencies and the remittance of currency out of China, from time to time, in order to fund our corporate activities in the U.S., Zhiguo Wang, our President and CEO, advanced funds to us in the U.S. and we repaid the amounts owed to him in RMB in the PRC.

 

It is management’s intention to expand our operations as quickly as reasonably practicable to capitalize on the demand opportunity for our products. We regularly review our cash funding requirements and attempt to meet those requirements through a combination of cash on hand, cash provided by operations and any potential available bank borrowings. We believe that we can continue meeting our cash funding requirements for our business in this manner over at least the next twelve months. The majority of our funds are maintained in RMB in bank accounts in China. We receive most of our revenue in the PRC. Under existing PRC foreign exchange regulations, payments of current account items, including profit distributions, interest payments and expenditures from trade related transactions, can be made in foreign currencies by complying with certain procedural requirements. However, approval from China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange (“SAFE”) or its local counterparts is required where RMB is to be converted into foreign currency and remitted out of China to pay capital expenses such as the repayment of loans denominated in foreign currencies. The PRC government may also, at its discretion, restrict access to foreign currencies for current account transactions. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, approximately $47.1 million and $44.9 million, respectively, of our net assets are located in the PRC. If the foreign exchange control system in the PRC prevents us from obtaining sufficient foreign currency to satisfy our currency demands, we may not be able to transfer funds deposited within the PRC to fund working capital requirements in the U.S. or pay any dividends in currencies other than the RMB, to our shareholders.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have not entered into any financial guarantees or other commitments to guarantee the payment obligations of any third parties. We have not entered into any derivative contracts that are indexed to our shares and classified as shareholder’s equity or that are not reflected in our consolidated financial statements. Furthermore, we do not have any retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to an unconsolidated entity that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support to such entity. We do not have any variable interest in any unconsolidated entity that provides financing, liquidity, market risk or credit support to us or engages in leasing, hedging or research and development services with us.

 

 35 

 

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Foreign Currency Exchange Rates Risk

 

Substantially all of our operating revenues and expenses are denominated in RMB. We operate using RMB and the effects of foreign currency fluctuations are largely mitigated because local expenses in the PRC are also denominated in the same currency. We do not believe that we currently have any significant direct foreign exchange risk and have not hedged exposures denominated in foreign currencies or any other derivative financial instruments. Because we generally receive cash flows denominated in RMB, our exposure to foreign exchange risks should be limited.

 

Our assets and liabilities, of which the functional currency is the RMB, are translated into USD using the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date, resulting in translation adjustments that are reflected as cumulative translation adjustment in the shareholders’ equity section on our consolidated balance sheets. A portion of our net assets are impacted by changes in foreign currencies translation rates in relation to the U.S. dollar. We recorded a foreign currency translation loss of $844,005 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and a gain of $1,079,481 for the six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, to reflect the impact of the fluctuation of the RMB against the U.S. dollar.

 

The value of the RMB against the U.S. dollar and other currencies may fluctuate and is affected by, among other things, changes in China’s political and economic conditions. The conversion of the RMB into foreign currencies, including U.S. dollars, has been based on rates set by the People’s Bank of China.

 

To the extent that we decide to convert RMB denominated cash amounts into U.S. dollars for the purpose of making any dividend payments, which we have not declared but may declare in the future, or for other business purposes, appreciation of the U.S. dollar against the RMB would have a negative effect on the U.S. dollar amount available to us. Conversely, if we need to convert U.S. dollars into RMB for operations, appreciation of the RMB against the U.S. dollar would have an adverse effect on the RMB amount it received from the conversion. We have not used, and do not currently expect to use in the future, any forward contracts or currency borrowings to hedge exposure to foreign currency exchange risk.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

We have not been, nor do we currently anticipate being, exposed to material risks due to changes in interest rates.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

The Company’s management has evaluated, with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

 

(b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

 

There have not been any changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Company’s fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

 36 

 

 

PART II

OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We are not currently a party to any lawsuit or proceeding which, in the opinion of management, is likely to have a material adverse effect on us or our business.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

No material change.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

None.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

The following exhibits are attached hereto and filed herewith:

 

31.1* Certification by the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
   
31.2* Certification by the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
   
32* Certification of Periodic Financial Report by the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
101.INS XBRL Instance Document
   
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
   
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
   
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
   
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
   
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

* Filed herewith.

 

 37 

 

 

SIGNATURE

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC.
   
  By: /s/ NAN TIAN
    Nan Tian
    Chief Financial Officer

 

Date: August 14, 2018

 

 38 

 

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit

Number

  Description of Exhibit
31.1*   Certification by the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
   
31.2*   Certification by the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
   
32*   Certification of Periodic Financial Report by the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

* Filed herewith.

 

 

39