10-Q 1 adt10-q23x31x2016.htm 10-Q Document

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
 
 FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016
or
¨
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from             to            

Commission File Number: 001-35502
 
 
The ADT Corporation
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
Delaware
 
45-4517261
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1501 Yamato Road, Boca Raton, Florida
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
33431
(Zip Code)

(561) 988-3600
(Registrant's Telephone Number, including Area Code)


(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.                Yes  x    No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).                Yes  x    No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer x
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant's common stock, $0.01 par value, was 165,618,879 as of May 2, 2016 at the effective time the registrant's common stock was delisted from the New York Stock Exchange (refer to Note 1 to the Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements).
 
  

 



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
THE ADT CORPORATION
CONDENSED AND CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
(in millions, except share and per share data) 
 
March 31,
2016
 
September 25,
2015
Assets
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
75

 
$
78

Accounts receivable trade, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $21 and $23, respectively
86

 
102

Inventories
80

 
76

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
42

 
47

Deferred tax assets
94

 
96

Total current assets
377

 
399

Property and equipment, net
287

 
283

Subscriber system assets, net
2,610

 
2,502

Goodwill
3,687

 
3,680

Intangible assets, net
2,983

 
2,999

Deferred subscriber acquisition costs, net
648

 
631

Other assets
231

 
232

Total Assets
$
10,823

 
$
10,726

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term debt
$
6

 
$
5

Accounts payable
173

 
190

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
201

 
231

Deferred revenue
269

 
232

Total current liabilities
649

 
658

Long-term debt
5,347

 
5,389

Deferred subscriber acquisition revenue
922

 
895

Deferred tax liabilities
845

 
732

Other liabilities
136

 
133

Total Liabilities
7,899

 
7,807

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (See Note 7)


 


 
 
 
 
Stockholders' Equity:
 
 
 
Common stock – authorized 1,000,000,000 shares of $0.01 par value; issued and outstanding shares – 165,549,250 as of March 31, 2016 and 165,850,306 as of September 25, 2015
2

 
2

Additional paid-in capital
2,307

 
2,374

Retained earnings
687

 
633

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(72
)
 
(90
)
Total Stockholders' Equity
2,924

 
2,919

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
$
10,823

 
$
10,726

See Notes to Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements

1


THE ADT CORPORATION
CONDENSED AND CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)
(in millions, except per share data)
 
 
For the Quarters Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
Revenue
$
899

 
$
890

 
$
1,799

 
$
1,777

Cost of revenue
404

 
392

 
805

 
780

Selling, general and administrative expenses
326

 
331

 
656

 
649

Radio conversion costs (See Note 1)
26

 
19

 
50

 
42

Operating income
143

 
148

 
288

 
306

Interest expense, net
(53
)
 
(51
)
 
(106
)
 
(101
)
Other income

 
3

 

 
3

Income before income taxes
90

 
100

 
182

 
208

Income tax expense
(28
)
 
(32
)
 
(56
)
 
(68
)
Net income
$
62

 
$
68

 
$
126

 
$
140

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.38

 
$
0.40

 
$
0.76

 
$
0.81

Diluted
$
0.37

 
$
0.40

 
$
0.76

 
$
0.81

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average number of shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
165

 
171

 
165

 
173

Diluted
166

 
172

 
166

 
173

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends declared per common share
$
0.22

 
$
0.42

 
$
0.43

 
$
0.42

See Notes to Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements



2


THE ADT CORPORATION
CONDENSED AND CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
(in millions)

 
For the Quarters Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
Net income
$
62

 
$
68

 
$
126

 
$
140

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation and other
40

 
(57
)
 
18

 
(88
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
40

 
(57
)
 
18

 
(88
)
Comprehensive income
$
102

 
$
11

 
$
144

 
$
52

See Notes to Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements

3


THE ADT CORPORATION
CONDENSED AND CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(UNAUDITED)
(in millions)
 
Number of
Common
Shares
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
Balance as of September 25, 2015
166

 
$
2

 
$
2,374

 
$
633

 
$
(90
)
 
$
2,919

Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18

 
18

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
126

 
 
 
126

Dividends declared
 
 
 
 
 
 
(72
)
 
 
 
(72
)
Common stock repurchases
(1
)
 
 
 
(31
)
 
 
 
 
 
(31
)
Exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock units
1

 
 
 
10

 
 
 
 
 
10

Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
 
12

 
 
 
 
 
12

Pre-Separation related tax adjustments
 
 
 
 
(58
)
 
 
 
 
 
(58
)
Balance as of March 31, 2016
166

 
$
2

 
$
2,307

 
$
687

 
$
(72
)
 
$
2,924

See Notes to Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements

4



THE ADT CORPORATION
CONDENSED AND CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
(in millions)
 
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
126

 
$
140

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and intangible asset amortization
583

 
553

Amortization of deferred subscriber acquisition costs
76

 
69

Amortization of deferred subscriber acquisition revenue
(86
)
 
(80
)
Stock-based compensation expense
12

 
12

Deferred income taxes
53

 
59

Provision for losses on accounts receivable and inventory
26

 
30

Changes in operating assets and liabilities and other
(1
)
 
(27
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
789

 
756

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Dealer generated customer accounts and bulk account purchases
(282
)
 
(267
)
Subscriber system assets
(340
)
 
(352
)
Capital expenditures
(43
)
 
(50
)
Other investing
23

 
(39
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(642
)
 
(708
)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
10

 
27

Repurchases of common stock under approved program
(30
)
 
(138
)
Dividends paid
(71
)
 
(71
)
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
130

 
505

Repayment of long-term debt
(188
)
 
(367
)
Other financing
(2
)
 
(5
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(151
)
 
(49
)
 
 
 
 
Effect of currency translation on cash
1

 
(2
)
 
 
 
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(3
)
 
(3
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
78

 
66

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
75

 
$
63

See Notes to Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements

5


THE ADT CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED AND CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
1. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of Business—The ADT Corporation ("ADT" or the "Company"), a company incorporated in the state of Delaware, is a leading provider of monitored security, interactive home and business automation, and related monitoring services in the United States ("U.S.") and Canada.
Merger—On February 14, 2016, the Company, as authorized by the Company's Board of Directors, entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), by and among the Company, Prime Security Services Borrower, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Parent”), Prime Security One MS, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent (“Merger Sub”), and solely for the purposes of Article IX thereof, Prime Security Services Parent, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Parent Inc.”) and Prime Security Services TopCo Parent, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (“Parent LP”), pursuant to which, on May 2, 2016 (the "Closing Date"), Merger Sub merged with and into the Company, with the Company surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent (the “Merger”).
At the effective time of the Merger, each share of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger (other than shares of the Company’s common stock held by Parent, Merger Sub, or any other direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Parent, shares owned by the Company, including shares held in treasury, or any of its direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiaries, and shares owned by stockholders who have properly made and not withdrawn a demand for appraisal rights under Delaware law) was cancelled and converted into the right to receive cash consideration of $42.00 per share, without interest and subject to applicable withholding taxes.
In connection with the closing of the Merger, on the Closing Date, the Company’s common stock was delisted from the New York Stock Exchange. The Company deregistered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 on May 12, 2016.
The completion of the Merger was subject to customary closing conditions including, among others, ADT stockholder approval and regulatory approval.  On March 9, 2016, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission granted early termination of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, and on March 11, 2016, the Commissioner of Competition issued a no action letter and waiver of the obligations to notify with respect to the Merger under Section 113(c) of the Competition Act (Canada). On April 22, 2016, ADT's stockholders adopted the Merger Agreement.
Refer to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") on February 16, 2016 for additional information on the Merger and the definitive proxy statement relating to the Merger filed with the SEC on Schedule 14A on March 25, 2016.
Consent Solicitations
On April 1, 2016, in connection with the Merger, the Company commenced consent solicitations (the “Consent Solicitations”) with respect to ADT’s 5.250% Senior Notes due 2020, 6.250% Senior Notes due 2021, 3.500% Notes due 2022, 4.125% Senior Notes due 2023, and 4.875% Notes due 2042 (collectively, the “ADT Rollover Notes”), and such consents would (i) waive (with respect to each series of ADT Rollover Notes, the “Waiver” and, collectively, the “Waivers”) any potential “Change of Control Triggering Event,” including any potential obligation of ADT to make a “Change of Control Offer” (each as defined in the indentures governing the ADT Rollover Notes), and (ii) amend the indentures governing each series of ADT Rollover Notes, which would (a) amend the definition of “Change of Control” and (b) limit any required grant of capital stock as collateral with respect to the ADT Rollover Notes to the extent necessary not to be subject to any requirement pursuant to the SEC rules to file separate financial statements with the SEC or any other governmental agency (clauses (a) and (b) together, with respect to each series of ADT Rollover Notes, the “Proposed Amendments”).
In the Consent Solicitations, the Company was seeking consents to the applicable Waiver and the Proposed Amendments for each series of ADT Rollover Notes as a single proposal, which under each ADT Rollover Note Indenture requires the consent of holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of each such series of ADT Rollover Notes. As of April 25, 2016, the requisite consents for the Waiver and the Proposed Amendments (the “Requisite Consents”) were obtained with respect to each series of ADT Rollover Notes. On the Closing Date, Parent funded the payment of consent fees in connection with the Consent Solicitations.

6


Following receipt of the Requisite Consents, the Company has executed a supplemental indenture to each series of ADT Rollover Notes (each, a “Supplemental Indenture”) giving effect to (a) the Waiver of any “Change of Control Triggering Event” in connection with the Merger and (b) the Proposed Amendments. The Supplemental Indentures also provide each series of ADT Rollover Notes the benefit of (1) guarantees by Parent and all wholly owned domestic subsidiaries of the combined company and (2) a first-priority security interest in substantially all of the combined company’s existing and future assets. The Supplemental Indenture became operative upon the closing of the Merger.
Tender Offers
On April 1, 2016, in connection with the Merger, Merger Sub commenced tender offers (the “Tender Offers”) to purchase for cash any and all of the Company’s outstanding $750 million aggregate principal amount of 2.250% Notes due 2017 (the “2017 Notes”) and $500 million aggregate principal amount of 4.125% Senior Notes due 2019. On the Closing Date, $667 million aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes were purchased in the applicable Tender Offer, leaving $83 million aggregate principal amount of the 2017 Notes outstanding (the “Remaining 2017 Notes”), and $453 million aggregate principal amount of the 2019 Notes were purchased in the applicable Tender Offer, leaving $47 million aggregate principal amount of the 2019 Notes outstanding (the “Remaining 2019 Notes” and, together with the Remaining 2017 Notes, the “Remaining Notes”).
On the Closing Date, following the completion of the Merger and the purchase of the tendered 2017 and 2019 Notes in the Tender Offers, the Company delivered a notice of redemption (the “Redemption Notice”) to the holders of the Remaining Short-Term Notes. The Redemption Notice provides for the Company’s redemption of the Remaining Notes on June 1, 2016 (the “Redemption Date”) at a redemption price as specified in the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 6, 2016.
Exchange Offer
On April 1, 2016, Merger Sub launched an offer to exchange (the “Exchange Offer”) new 4.875% First-Priority Senior Secured Notes due 2032 (the “Exchange Notes”) for any and all of ADT’s outstanding 4.875% Notes due 2042 that are held by eligible holders. On the Closing Date, Merger Sub successfully completed the Exchange Offer and issued $718 million aggregate principal amount of Exchange Notes pursuant to the Exchange Offer. Following the completion of the Exchange Offer, $32 million aggregate principal amount of the Registrant’s 4.875% Notes due 2042 remained outstanding as of the Closing Date. The Exchange Notes have not been registered under the Securities Act or any state securities laws and may not be offered or sold in the United States absent an effective registration statement or an applicable exemption from registration requirements or a transaction not subject to the registration requirements of the Securities Act or any state securities laws.
Revolving Credit Facility
On the Closing Date, the Company terminated its five-year unsecured senior revolving credit facility, dated as of June 22, 2012. In connection with the termination, the Company repaid all of its outstanding obligations in respect of principal, interest, and fees under its revolving credit facility.
Basis of Presentation—The Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries and have been prepared in United States dollars ("USD") in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP"). The Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements included herein are unaudited, but in the opinion of management, such financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to summarize fairly the Company's financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the interim periods presented. The interim results reported in these Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements should not be taken as indicative of results that may be expected for the entire year. For a more comprehensive understanding of ADT and its Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements, please review these interim financial statements in conjunction with the Company's audited financial statements included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 25, 2015 ("2015 Form 10-K"), which was filed with the SEC on November 12, 2015.
Historically, the Company had a 52- or 53-week fiscal year that ended on the last Friday in September. Fiscal year 2015 was a 52-week fiscal year. On October 14, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors approved a change to the Company's fiscal year end from the last Friday in September to September 30 of each year, and thereafter the end of each fiscal quarter will be the last day of the calendar month end. The fiscal year change is effective for the 2016 fiscal year, which began on September 26, 2015, the day after the last day of the 2015 fiscal year, and will end on September 30, 2016. This change better aligns the Company's external reporting with the monthly recurring nature of revenues and expenses associated with its customer base.

7


The Company conducts business through its operating entities. During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015, the Company changed its segment reporting structure in connection with a change in the manner in which the Chief Executive Officer, who is the chief operating decision maker ("CODM"), evaluates performance and makes decisions about how to allocate resources. This change resulted in the reorganization of the Company's single operating segment into two operating segments, United States and Canada. These operating segments are also the Company's reportable segments and are identified by the Company based on how resources are allocated and operating decisions are made. Where applicable, presentation of the Company's operating segments and prior period amounts reported herein are based on the new segment structure. Refer to Note 9 for segment data.
All intercompany transactions have been eliminated. The results of companies acquired are included in the Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements from the effective date of acquisition.
Radio Conversion Costs—Charges incurred related to a three-year conversion program to replace 2G radios used in many of the Company's security systems are reflected in radio conversion costs in the Company's Condensed and Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Inventories—Inventories are recorded at the lower of cost (average cost) or market value. Inventories consisted of the following ($ in millions):
 
March 31,
2016
 
September 25,
2015
Work in progress
$
3

 
$
3

Finished goods
77

 
73

Inventories
$
80

 
$
76

Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets—Prepaid expenses and other current assets includes prepaid expenses of $22 million and $15 million as of March 31, 2016 and September 25, 2015, respectively.
Subscriber System Assets—Subscriber system assets represent capitalized equipment and installation costs incurred in connection with transactions in which the Company retains ownership of the security system. The following table sets forth the gross carrying amount and accumulated depreciation of the Company's subscriber system assets as of March 31, 2016 and September 25, 2015 ($ in millions):
 
March 31,
2016
 
September 25,
2015
Gross carrying amount
$
5,391

 
$
5,124

Accumulated depreciation
(2,781
)
 
(2,622
)
Subscriber system assets, net
$
2,610

 
$
2,502

Depreciation expense relating to subscriber system assets for the quarters and six months ended March 31, 2016 and March 27, 2015 was as follows ($ in millions):
 
For the Quarters Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
Subscriber system assets depreciation expense
$
120

 
$
107

 
$
237

 
$
211

Financial Instruments—The Company's financial instruments consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, debt, and derivative financial instruments. Due to their short-term nature, the fair value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable approximated carrying value as of March 31, 2016 and September 25, 2015.
Long-Term Debt Instruments—The fair value of the Company's unsecured notes was determined using broker-quoted market prices, which are considered Level 2 inputs. The carrying amount of debt outstanding under the Company's revolving credit facility approximates fair value as interest rates on these borrowings approximate current market rates, which are considered Level 2 inputs.

8


The carrying value and fair value of the Company's debt that is subject to fair value disclosures as of March 31, 2016 and September 25, 2015 were as follows ($ in millions):
 
March 31, 2016
 
September 25, 2015
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair
Value
Long-term debt instruments, excluding capital lease obligations and other
$
5,321

 
$
4,865

 
$
5,361

 
$
5,044

Derivative Instruments—All derivative financial instruments are reported on the Condensed and Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value. For derivative financial instruments designated as fair value hedges, the changes in fair value of both the derivatives and the hedged items are recognized in the Condensed and Consolidated Statements of Operations. The fair values of the Company's derivative financial instruments are not material.
Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities—Accrued expenses and other current liabilities as of March 31, 2016 and September 25, 2015 consisted of the following ($ in millions):
 
March 31,
2016
 
September 25,
2015
Payroll-related accruals
$
44

 
$
79

Insurance-related accruals
36

 
39

Accrued interest
44

 
44

Other accrued liabilities
77

 
69

Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities
$
201

 
$
231

Guarantees—In the normal course of business, the Company is liable for contract completion and product performance. In the opinion of management, such obligations will not significantly affect the Company's financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. As of March 31, 2016 and September 25, 2015, there were no material guarantees.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements—In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued authoritative guidance which sets forth a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. Companies may use either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach to adopt this guidance. In August 2015, the FASB issued an amendment to defer the effective date of this guidance by one year to December 15, 2017, for annual reporting periods, including interim reporting periods within those periods, beginning after that date. Early adoption is permitted, but not before the original effective date of December 15, 2016. This guidance, including all subsequently issued amendments by the FASB to this guidance, will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance.
In April 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance to simplify the presentation of debt issuance costs and require that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by the amendments in this guidance. This guidance is to be applied on a retrospective basis and is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. This guidance will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
In April 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance regarding the accounting for fees paid in a cloud computing arrangement. The new standard provides guidance to customers about whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. If a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license, then the customer should account for the software license element of the arrangement consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses. If a cloud computing arrangement does not include a software license, the customer should account for the arrangement as a service contract. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. This guidance will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017. Early adoption is permitted. Companies may elect to adopt this guidance using either (1) a prospective approach for all arrangements entered into or materially modified after the effective date, or (2) a retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance.

9


In July 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance to simplify the subsequent measurement of inventory. Under this new standard, an entity should measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016, and will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. The amendments in this guidance should be applied prospectively with earlier application permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance.
In November 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance to simplify the presentation of deferred income taxes, and require that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified as noncurrent in a classified statement of financial position. The current requirement that deferred tax liabilities and assets be offset and presented as a single amount for each jurisdiction is not affected by the amendments in this guidance. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016, and will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. The amendments in this guidance may be applied either prospectively to all deferred tax liabilities and assets or retrospectively to all periods presented. Early adoption is permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance.
In January 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance related to the accounting for equity investments, financial liabilities under the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. In addition, this update clarifies the guidance related to the valuation allowance assessment when recognizing deferred tax assets resulting from the unrealized losses on available-for-sale debt securities. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, and will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019. Entities may early adopt the provision within this guidance to record fair value changes for financial liabilities under the fair value option resulting from instrument-specific credit risk in other comprehensive income. An entity should apply the amendments in the standard by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to the balance sheet as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The amendments in the standard that address equity securities without readily determinable fair values should be applied prospectively to equity investments that exist as of the date of adoption of the standard. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance.
In February 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on accounting for leases. This new guidance requires lessees to recognize a right-to-use asset and a lease liability for substantially all leases and to disclose key information about leasing arrangements. The recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows for lessees will remain significantly unchanged from current guidance. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018, and will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The guidance is to be adopted using a modified retrospective approach as of the earliest period presented. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance.
In March 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance to simplify the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions. The new guidance simplifies the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as simplifies the classification of transactions related to share-based payments in the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those annual reporting periods, and will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. Early adoption is permitted, provided that all amendments are adopted in the same period. The guidance also includes the acceptable or required transition methods for each of the various amendments included in the new standard. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance.
2. Acquisitions
Dealer Generated Customer Accounts and Bulk Account Purchases
During the six months ended March 31, 2016 and March 27, 2015, the Company paid $282 million and $267 million, respectively, for customer contracts for electronic security services generated under the ADT authorized dealer program and bulk account purchases.
3. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill
There were no material changes in the carrying amount of goodwill in either of the Company's reportable segments during the six months ended March 31, 2016.

10


Other Intangible Assets
The following table sets forth the gross carrying amounts and accumulated amortization of the Company's other intangible assets as of March 31, 2016 and September 25, 2015 ($ in millions):
 
March 31, 2016
 
September 25, 2015
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
Amortizable:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contracts and related customer relationships
$
8,223

 
$
(5,274
)
 
$
8,147

 
$
(5,183
)
Other
41

 
(7
)
 
41

 
(6
)
Total
$
8,264

 
$
(5,281
)
 
$
8,188

 
$
(5,189
)
The changes in the net carrying amount of contracts and related customer relationships during the six months ended March 31, 2016 were as follows ($ in millions):
Balance as of September 25, 2015
$
2,964

Customer contract additions, net of dealer charge-backs
285

Amortization
(308
)
Currency translation and other
8

Balance as of March 31, 2016
$
2,949

The weighted-average amortization period for contracts and related customer relationships acquired during the six months ended March 31, 2016 was 15 years. Intangible asset amortization expense for the quarters and six months ended March 31, 2016 and March 27, 2015 was as follows ($ in millions):
 
For the Quarters Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
Intangible asset amortization expense
$
155

 
$
153

 
$
309

 
$
309

The estimated aggregate amortization expense for intangible assets is expected to be as follows ($ in millions):
Remainder of fiscal 2016
$
296

Fiscal 2017
516

Fiscal 2018
430

Fiscal 2019
368

Fiscal 2020
295

Fiscal 2021
214

Other than goodwill, the Company does not have any other indefinite-lived intangible assets as of March 31, 2016.
4. Debt
Revolving Credit Facility
As of March 31, 2016, the Company had $280 million outstanding borrowings under its $750 million revolving credit facility compared with $335 million outstanding as of September 25, 2015. During the six months ended March 31, 2016, the Company borrowed $130 million under the revolving credit facility and repaid $185 million. The interest rate for borrowings under the revolving credit facility is based on the London Interbank Offered Rate or an alternative base rate, plus a spread, based upon the Company's credit rating. The revolving credit facility has a maturity date of June 22, 2017.
Other
Refer to Note 1 for information on the fair value of the Company's debt including the Company's unsecured notes as well as information about the Merger's impact on the Company's debt.

11


5. Equity
Dividends
During the six months ended March 31, 2016, the Company's Board of Directors declared and paid the following dividends on ADT's common stock:
Declaration Date
 
Dividend per Share
 
Record Date
 
Payment Date
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
October 14, 2015
 
$0.21
 
October 28, 2015
 
November 18, 2015
January 7, 2016
 
$0.22
 
January 27, 2016
 
February 17, 2016
On December 15, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors authorized an increase in the Company's quarterly dividend from $0.21 per share to $0.22 per share of its common stock.
Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Company was not permitted to declare, authorize, or pay any dividends prior to the consummation of the Merger, other than the quarterly dividend announced on January 7, 2016, or dividends to its wholly owned subsidiaries.
Share Repurchase Programs
On November 18, 2013, the Company's Board of Directors authorized a $1 billion increase to the $2 billion, three-year share repurchase program that was previously approved on November 26, 2012 ("FY2013 Share Repurchase Program"). On November 26, 2015, the FY2013 Share Repurchase Program expired. Prior to the expiration of this share repurchase program, during the six months ended March 31, 2016, the Company made open market repurchases of 985 thousand shares of ADT's common stock at an average price of $30.01 per share. The total cost of open market repurchases was approximately $30 million, all of which was paid during the period. On the expiration date of this share repurchase program, the remaining authorized amount of $27 million expired.
The Company's share repurchases for the six months ended March 31, 2016 were made in accordance with the publicly announced board approved FY2013 Share Repurchase Program. In addition, the Company's repurchases were treated as effective retirements of the purchased shares, and therefore reduced reported shares issued and outstanding by the number of shares repurchased. The Company recorded the excess of the purchase price over the par value of the common stock as a reduction to additional paid-in capital.
On July 17, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors approved a new, three-year share repurchase program authorizing the Company to purchase up to $1 billion of ADT's common stock ("FY2015 Share Repurchase Program"). Pursuant to this approval, the Company may enter into accelerated share repurchase plans, as well as repurchase shares on the open market pursuant to pre-set trading plans meeting the requirements of Rule 10b5-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, in private transactions, or otherwise. The FY2015 Share Repurchase Program expires on July 17, 2018, and may be terminated at any time. As of March 31, 2016, no shares have been repurchased under the approved FY2015 Share Repurchase Program.
The Company may also repurchase shares in connection with tax withholding requirements associated with the vesting of share-based awards, which are separate from the share repurchase programs described above. During the six months ended March 31, 2016, shares repurchased to satisfy tax withholding requirements were not material.
Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Company was not permitted to repurchase shares of its common stock prior to the consummation of the Merger, subject to certain exceptions.
Other
During the six months ended March 31, 2016, the Company did not record any material reclassifications out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss.
Effective on September 28, 2012, Tyco International plc ("Tyco") distributed to its public stockholders the Company's common stock (the "Separation"), and ADT became an independent public company. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, the Company increased its unrecognized tax benefits and reduced additional paid-in capital by approximately $58 million associated with certain pre-Separation intercompany transactions which potentially impact the Company's NOL carryforwards. Refer to Note 6 and Note 7 for more information regarding the Company's unrecognized tax benefits and the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement, as defined therein.

12


6. Income Taxes
Unrecognized Tax Benefits
During the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, the Company increased its unrecognized tax benefits and reduced additional paid-in capital by approximately $58 million associated with certain pre-Separation intercompany transactions which potentially impact NOL carryforwards. Refer to Note 5 for a discussion. The Company's uncertain tax positions relate to tax years that remain subject to audit by the taxing authorities in the U.S. federal, state and local, and foreign jurisdictions. Based on the current status of its income tax audits, the Company does not believe that the balance of its unrecognized tax benefits will be resolved in the next twelve months. The resolution of certain components of the Company's uncertain tax positions may be partially offset by an adjustment to the receivable from Tyco, which was recorded pursuant to the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement.  Refer to Note 7 for more information on the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement, as defined therein.
Effective Tax Rate
The Company's income tax expense for the quarter and six months ended March 31, 2016 totaled $28 million and $56 million, respectively, resulting in an effective tax rate for the periods of 31.1% and 30.8% respectively. The Company's income tax expense for the quarter and six months ended March 27, 2015 totaled $32 million and $68 million, respectively, resulting in an effective tax rate for the periods of 32.0% and 32.7%, respectively. The effective tax rates reflect the tax impact of permanent items, state tax expense, changes in tax laws, and non-U.S. net earnings. The effective tax rate can vary from period to period due to permanent tax adjustments, discrete items such as the settlement of income tax audits and changes in tax laws, as well as recurring factors such as changes in the overall effective state tax rate.
7. Commitments and Contingencies
Purchase Obligations
As of March 31, 2016, there have been no material changes to the Company’s purchase obligations outside the ordinary course of business as compared to September 25, 2015.
Legal Proceedings
The Company is subject to various claims and lawsuits in the ordinary course of business, including from time to time, contractual disputes, employment matters, product and general liability claims, claims that the Company has infringed on the intellectual property rights of others, claims related to alleged security system failures, and consumer and employment class actions. In the ordinary course of business, the Company is also subject to regulatory and governmental examinations, information requests and subpoenas, inquiries, investigations, and threatened legal actions and proceedings.  In connection with such formal and informal inquiries, the Company receives numerous requests, subpoenas, and orders for documents, testimony, and information in connection with various aspects of its activities. The Company has recorded accruals for losses that it believes are probable to occur and are reasonably estimable. While the ultimate outcome of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company believes that the resolution of any such proceedings (other than matters specifically identified below), will not have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
Environmental Matter
On October 25, 2013, the Company was notified by subpoena that the Office of the Attorney General of California, in conjunction with the Alameda County District Attorney, is investigating whether certain of the Company's waste disposal policies, procedures, and practices are in violation of the California Business and Professions Code and the California Health and Safety Code.  The Company is cooperating fully with the respective authorities. The Company is currently unable to predict the outcome of this investigation or reasonably estimate a range of possible loss.

13


Securities Litigation
On April 28, 2014, the Company and certain of its current and former officers and directors were named as defendants in a lawsuit filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida. The plaintiff alleges violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and SEC Rule 10b-5 and seeks monetary damages, including interest, and class action status on behalf of all plaintiffs who purchased the Company's common stock during the period between November 27, 2012 and January 29, 2014, inclusive.  The claims focus primarily on the Company's statements concerning its financial condition and future business prospects for fiscal 2013 and the first quarter of fiscal 2014, its stock repurchase program in 2012 and 2013, and the buyback of stock from Corvex Management LP ("Corvex") in November 2013. On June 27, 2014, another plaintiff filed a similar action in the same court. On July 14, 2014, the Court entered an order consolidating the two actions under the caption Henningsen v. The ADT Corporation, Case No. 14-80566-CIV-DIMITROULEAS, and appointing IBEW Local 595 Pension and Money Purchase Pension Plans, Macomb County Employees' Retirement System, and KBC Asset Management NV as Lead Plaintiffs in the consolidated action. In addition to the Company, the defendants named in the action are Naren Gursahaney, Kathryn A. Mikells, Michael S. Geltzeiler, Keith A. Meister, and Corvex. On September 25, 2014, defendants moved to dismiss this action. On November 13, 2014, Mr. Geltzeiler was dismissed as a defendant without prejudice from this action. On June 4, 2015, the Court entered an order granting the motions to dismiss and dismissed plaintiffs' complaint in its entirety.  The Court granted plaintiffs leave to file an amended complaint on or before July 1, 2015. That deadline passed, and the Court dismissed the action with prejudice on July 8, 2015. Plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit on August 7, 2015. On August 21, 2015, defendants filed a motion to dismiss the appeal as untimely, and on December 7, 2015, the Court denied the motion. The appeal is still pending before the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit.
On January 14, 2015, the SEC sent the Company a letter stating that it is investigating the matters at issue in the foregoing litigation and requesting that the Company voluntarily provide the information and documents set forth in the letter concerning the same litigation. On February 16, 2016, the SEC sent the Company a letter stating they have concluded their investigation, and they do not intend to recommend an enforcement action against the Company.
Derivative Litigation
In May and June 2014, four derivative actions were filed against a number of past and present officers and directors of the Company. Like the securities actions described above, the derivative actions focus primarily on the Company's stock repurchase program in 2012 and 2013, the buyback of stock from Corvex in November 2013, and the Company's statements concerning its financial condition and future business prospects for fiscal 2013 and the first quarter of fiscal 2014. Three of the derivative actions were filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida. On July 16, 2014, the Court consolidated those three actions under the caption In re The ADT Corporation Derivative Litigation, Lead Case No. 14-80570-CIV-DIMITROULEAS/SNOW, and on May 20, 2015, the Florida federal court entered an order of dismissal. The fourth derivative action, entitled Seidl v. Colligan, Case No. 2014CA007529, was filed in the Circuit Court of the 15th Judicial Circuit, Palm Beach County, Florida. The action was stayed pending the resolution of the Ryan action, described below, and was voluntarily dismissed by the plaintiff on November 19, 2015. A fifth derivative action asserting similar claims, entitled Ryan v. Gursahaney, C.A. No. 9992-VCP (the “Ryan action”), was filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery on August 1, 2014. The Delaware Court of Chancery dismissed the Ryan action on April 28, 2015, and on November 19, 2015, the Delaware Supreme Court affirmed the dismissal. A sixth derivative action asserting similar claims against the same group of past and present officers and directors was filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery on January 27, 2015 under the caption entitled Binning v. Gursahaney, C.A. No. 10586-VCP (the “Binning action”).  Defendants moved to dismiss Binning's amended complaint on July 7, 2015, and on December 11, 2015, also forwarded a copy of the Delaware Supreme Court's affirmance of the Ryan action dismissal. On May 6, 2016, the Court granted Defendants' motion and dismissed the complaint.
Merger Litigation
Following the February 16, 2016 announcement of the execution of the Merger Agreement, six purported stockholders of ADT initiated legal actions challenging the Merger. On February 24, 2016, two purported stockholders filed putative class action complaints, entitled Shannon Seidl v. The ADT Corporation, et al., C.A. No. 50-2016-CA-1984-XXXX-MBN and Yun Li v. The ADT Corporation, et al., C.A. No. 50-2016-CA-1995-XXXX-MB, in the Circuit Court of the Fifteenth Judicial Circuit in and for Palm Beach County, Florida against ADT, the members of the ADT Board, Apollo Global Management, LLC (together with its consolidated subsidiaries and affiliates, "Apollo"), Parent, Merger Sub, Parent Inc., and Parent LP. On March 9, 2016 and March 10, 2016, respectively, two purported stockholders filed putative class action complaints, entitled Rosenfeld Family Foundation v. The ADT Corporation, et al., C.A. No. 50-2016-CA-002566-XXXX-MB and Federico Castro v. The ADT Corporation, et al., C.A. No. 50-2016-CA-002661-XXXX-MB, also in the Circuit Court of the Fifteenth Judicial Circuit in and for Palm Beach County, Florida against the same defendants (collectively the "Florida Actions"). The complaints in all four of the Florida Actions included claims for breach of fiduciary duty against the individual directors, alleging that the directors violated the duties of loyalty, good faith, due care, and/or disclosure owed to ADT stockholders. The complaints also included claims for aiding and abetting breaches of fiduciary duty against Apollo, Parent, Merger Sub, Parent Inc., and Parent LP.

14


Plaintiffs Seidl, Rosenfeld, and Castro sought an order, inter alia, permanently enjoining the defendants from consummating the Merger and enjoining the director defendants from initiating any defensive measures that would inhibit their ability to maximize value for ADT stockholders. Plaintiff Li sought an order, inter alia, requiring the director defendants to fulfill their fiduciary duties. All plaintiffs also sought certification of the actions as class actions, an accounting of all damages suffered or to be suffered as a result of the transaction, and attorneys’ fees and costs. On April 8, 2016, the plaintiffs in each of the Florida Actions filed notices voluntarily dismissing each of those actions.
On March 24, 2016 and April 4, 2016, two purported stockholders filed putative class action complaints, respectively entitled MSS 12-09 Trust v. Thomas Colligan, et al., Case No. 12133 and Peter Roy v. The ADT Corporation, et al., Case No. 12160 (the “Delaware Actions”), in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware asserting claims for breach of fiduciary duty against the individual ADT directors. Plaintiffs sought an order finding the directors liable for breaching their fiduciary duties based on the claim that the definitive proxy statement, defined below, failed to disclose certain allegedly material information necessary to permit ADT stockholders to cast a fully informed vote on the Merger transaction. Plaintiff Peter Roy also filed motions seeking expedited discovery and a preliminary injunction.
ADT believes that the Florida Actions and the Delaware Actions were without merit and that no further disclosure was required to supplement the Company's definitive proxy statement that was filed with the SEC on March 25, 2016 (as amended or supplemented from time to time, the “definitive proxy statement”), under applicable laws. However, to eliminate the burden, expense, and uncertainties inherent in such litigation, and without admitting any liability or wrongdoing, ADT determined to make certain supplemental disclosures to the definitive proxy statement, as set forth in the Company's Form 8-K filed on April 11, 2016. Nothing in the supplemental disclosures shall be deemed an admission of the legal necessity or materiality under applicable laws of any of the disclosures. On April 12, 2016 and April 13, 2016, Plaintiff MSS 12-09 Trust and Plaintiff Roy, respectively, filed notices voluntarily dismissing the Delaware Actions.
ADT and the other named defendants have vigorously denied, and continue to vigorously deny, that they have committed any violation of law or engaged in any of the wrongful acts that were alleged in the Florida Actions or the Delaware Actions.
Income Tax Matters
In connection with the Separation from Tyco, the Company entered into a tax sharing agreement with Tyco and Pentair Ltd. (the "2012 Tax Sharing Agreement") that governs the rights and obligations of the Company, Tyco, and Pentair Ltd. for certain pre-Separation tax liabilities, including Tyco's obligations under the tax sharing agreement among Tyco, Covidien plc ("Covidien") now operating as a subsidiary of Medtronic plc ("Medtronic"), and TE Connectivity Ltd. ("TE Connectivity") entered into in 2007 (the "2007 Tax Sharing Agreement"). The Company is responsible for all of its own taxes that are not shared pursuant to the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement's sharing formulae. Tyco and Pentair Ltd. are likewise responsible for their tax liabilities that are not subject to the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement's sharing formulae. Tyco has the right to administer, control, and settle all U.S. income tax audits for the periods prior to and including the Separation.
With respect to years prior to and including the 2007 separation of Covidien and TE Connectivity by Tyco, tax authorities have raised issues and proposed tax adjustments that are generally subject to the sharing provisions of the 2007 Tax Sharing Agreement. On July 1, 2013, Tyco announced that the IRS issued Notices of Deficiency to Tyco primarily related to the treatment of certain intercompany debt transactions (the "Tyco IRS Notices").  These notices assert that additional taxes of $883 million plus penalties of $154 million are owed based on audits of the 1997 through 2000 tax years of Tyco and its subsidiaries, as they existed at that time. Further, Tyco reported receiving Final Partnership Administrative Adjustments (the "Partnership Notices") for certain U.S. partnerships owned by its former U.S. subsidiaries, for which Tyco has indicated that it estimates an additional tax deficiency of approximately $30 million will be asserted. The additional tax assessments related to the Tyco IRS Notices and the Partnership Notices exclude interest and do not reflect the impact on subsequent periods if the IRS challenge to Tyco's tax filings is proved correct. Tyco has filed petitions with the U.S. Tax Court to contest the IRS assessments. Consistent with its petitions filed with the U.S. Tax Court, Tyco has advised the Company that it strongly disagrees with the IRS position and believes (i) it has meritorious defenses for the respective tax filings, (ii) the IRS positions with regard to these matters are inconsistent with applicable tax laws and Treasury regulations, and (iii) the previously reported taxes for the years in question are appropriate. No payments with respect to the Tyco IRS Notices would be required until the dispute is resolved in the U.S. Tax Court. At the request of the IRS, the trial start date was postponed and rescheduled for October 2016.

15


On January 15, 2016, Tyco entered into a Stipulation of Settled Issues with the IRS regarding the Tyco IRS Notices and the Partnership Notices intending to resolve all disputes related to the intercompany debt issues for IRS audits of 1997 through 2000 tax years of Tyco and its subsidiaries, as they existed at the time. On May 17, 2016, the IRS Office of Appeals issued fully-executed Forms 870-AD that effectively settle the matters on appeal on the same terms as those set forth in the Stipulation of Settled Issues, and on May 31, 2016 the U.S. Tax Court entered decisions consistent with the Stipulation of Settled Issues. As a result, Tyco has resolved all aspects of the controversy before the U.S. Tax Court and before the Appeals Division of the IRS for audit cycles 1997 through 2007. The resolution resulted in a total cash payment to the IRS shared among Tyco, Medtronic, and TE Connectivity in accordance with the formula in the 2007 Tax Sharing Agreement. Consequently, the cash payment was split among Tyco, Medtronic, and TE Connectivity 27%, 42%, and 31%, respectively. ADT’s share of the collective liability is determined pursuant to the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement, and, under such agreement, ADT is not responsible for any cash payments under the resolution. The resolution has no impact on ADT's financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
During the fiscal year 2015, the IRS concluded its field examination of certain of Tyco's U.S. federal income tax returns for the 2008 and 2009 tax years of Tyco and its subsidiaries. Tyco received anticipated Revenue Agents' Reports (the "2008-2009 RARs") proposing adjustments to certain Tyco entities' previously filed tax return positions, including the predecessor to ADT, relating primarily to certain intercompany debt. In response, Tyco filed a formal, written protest with the IRS Office of Appeals requesting review of the 2008-2009 RARs. Tyco has advised the Company that it strongly disagrees with the IRS position and intends to vigorously defend its prior filed tax return positions and believes the previously reported taxes for the years in question are appropriate. The 2008-2009 RARs are still under administrative review by the IRS, and are not covered by the Stipulation of Settled Issues.
If the IRS should successfully assert its positions with respect to the matters described above, the Company's share of the collective liability, if any, would be determined pursuant to the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement. In accordance with the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement, Tyco is responsible for the first $500 million of tax, interest, and penalty assessed against pre-2013 tax years including its 27% share of the tax, interest, and penalty assessed for periods prior to Tyco's 2007 spin-off transaction ("Pre-2007 Spin Periods"). In accordance with the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement, the amount ultimately assessed against Pre-2007 Spin Periods with respect to the Tyco IRS Notices and the Partnership Notices would have to be in excess of $1.85 billion, including other assessments for unrelated historical tax matters Tyco has, or may settle in the future, before the Company would be required to pay any of the amounts assessed.  In addition to the Company's share of cash taxes pursuant to the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement, the Company's net operating loss ("NOL") and credit carryforwards may be significantly reduced or eliminated by audit adjustments to pre-2013 tax periods. NOL and credit carryforwards may be reduced prior to incurring any cash tax liability, and will not be compensated for under the tax sharing agreement. The Company believes that its income tax reserves and the liabilities recorded in the Condensed and Consolidated Balance Sheet for the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement continue to be appropriate. However, the ultimate resolution of these matters is uncertain, and if the IRS were to prevail, it could have a material adverse impact on the Company's financial position, results of operations, and cash flows, potentially including a significant reduction in or the elimination of the Company's available NOL and credit carryforwards generated in pre-Separation periods. Further, to the extent ADT is responsible for any liability under the 2012 Tax Sharing Agreement, there could be a material impact on its financial position, results of operations, cash flows, or its effective tax rate in future reporting periods.
Refer to Note 6 for information regarding a change to the Company's unrecognized tax benefits during the second quarter of fiscal year 2016.
Other liabilities in the Company's Condensed and Consolidated Balance Sheets as of both March 31, 2016 and September 25, 2015 include $19 million for ADT's obligations under certain tax related agreements entered into in conjunction with the Separation. The maximum amount of potential future payments is not determinable as they relate to unknown conditions and future events that cannot be predicted.

16


8. Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to common shares by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution of securities that could participate in earnings, but not securities that are anti-dilutive. The computations of basic and diluted earnings per share for the quarters and six months ended March 31, 2016 and March 27, 2015 are as follows:
 
For the Quarters Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
(in millions, except per share amounts)
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
Basic Earnings Per Share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
62

 
$
68

 
$
126

 
$
140

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding
165

 
171

 
165

 
173

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
0.38

 
$
0.40

 
$
0.76

 
$
0.81

 
For the Quarters Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
(in millions, except per share amounts)
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
Diluted Earnings Per Share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
62

 
$
68

 
$
126

 
$
140

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding
165

 
171

 
165

 
173

               Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock units
1

 
1

 
1

 

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding
166

 
172

 
166

 
173

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share
$
0.37

 
$
0.40

 
$
0.76

 
$
0.81

The computation of diluted earnings per share excludes potentially dilutive securities whose effect would have been anti-dilutive in the amount of approximately 2.9 million shares and 2.2 million shares for the quarters ended March 31, 2016 and March 27, 2015, respectively, and approximately 2.8 million shares and 2.2 million shares for the six months ended March 31, 2016 and March 27, 2015, respectively.
9. Segment Data
The Company's operating segments are also its reportable segments and are comprised of the following:
United States: Includes sales, installation, and monitoring for residential, business, and health customers in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, as well as corporate and other operating expenses associated with support functions in the U.S.
Canada: Includes sales, installation, and monitoring for residential, business, and health customers in Canada, as well as operating expenses associated with certain support functions in Canada.
The Company's CODM evaluates segment performance based on several factors, of which the primary financial measures are revenue and adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("Adjusted EBITDA"). Revenue is attributed to individual countries based upon the operating entity that records the transaction. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income adjusted for interest, taxes, and certain non-cash items including depreciation of subscriber system assets and other fixed assets, amortization of deferred costs and deferred revenue associated with customer acquisitions, and amortization of dealer and other intangible assets. Adjusted EBITDA is also adjusted to exclude charges and gains related to the Merger, acquisitions, integrations, restructurings, impairments, and other income or charges. Such items are excluded to eliminate the impact of items that management does not consider indicative of the Company's core operating performance and/or business trends of the Company.

17


All discussions and amounts reported below, including the prior year period, are based on the new segment structure. There is no impact on the previously reported condensed and consolidated balance sheet, statement of operations, or statement of cash flows.
Segment results for the quarters and six months ended March 31, 2016 and March 27, 2015 are as follows ($ in millions):
 
For the Quarters Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
837

 
$
820

 
$
1,673

 
$
1,631

Canada(1)
62

 
70

 
126

 
146

Total
$
899

 
$
890

 
$
1,799

 
$
1,777

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted EBITDA:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
442

 
$
412

 
$
871

 
$
834

Canada(1)
26

 
32

 
54

 
63

Total
$
468

 
$
444

 
$
925

 
$
897

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and Amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
311

 
$
291

 
$
617

 
$
576

Canada(1)
21

 
22

 
42

 
46

Total
$
332

 
$
313

 
$
659

 
$
622

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Results include the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.

The Company's CODM does not evaluate the performance of the Company's assets on a segment basis for internal management reporting. Therefore, such information is not presented.

The following table sets forth a reconciliation of segment Adjusted EBITDA to the Company's consolidated income before income taxes for the quarters and six months ended March 31, 2016 and March 27, 2015 ($ in millions):
 
For the Quarters Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
 
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
Income before income taxes
$
90

 
$
100

 
$
182

 
$
208

Interest expense, net
53

 
51

 
106

 
101

Depreciation and intangible asset amortization
294

 
278

 
583

 
553

Amortization of deferred subscriber acquisition costs
38

 
35

 
76

 
69

Amortization of deferred subscriber acquisition revenue
(43
)
 
(40
)
 
(86
)
 
(80
)
Restructuring and other
2

 
2

 
5

 
4

Merger, acquisition, and integration costs
8

 

 
9

 
1

Radio conversion costs
26

 
19

 
50

 
42

Separation related other income

 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
Adjusted EBITDA
$
468

 
$
444

 
$
925

 
$
897


18


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Introduction
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto, which are included in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 25, 2015, which was filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on November 12, 2015 (the "2015 Form 10-K"). The Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements include the consolidated results of The ADT Corporation and its wholly owned subsidiaries (hereinafter referred to as "we," "our," the "Company," or "ADT"). The financial statements have been prepared in United States dollars ("USD") in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP").
This discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions. Actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including, but not limited to those provided in Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors in the 2015 Form 10-K, and in Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors and under the heading "Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements" below.
Historically, we had a 52- or 53-week fiscal year that ended on the last Friday in September. Fiscal year 2015 was a 52-week fiscal year. On October 14, 2015, our Board of Directors approved a change to our fiscal year end from the last Friday in September to September 30 of each year, and thereafter, the end of each fiscal quarter will be the last day of the calendar month. The fiscal year change is effective for our 2016 fiscal year, which began on September 26, 2015, the day after the last day of our 2015 fiscal year, and will end on September 30, 2016. This change better aligns our external reporting with the monthly recurring nature of revenues and expenses associated with our customer base.
Business Overview
ADT is a leading provider of monitored security, interactive home and business automation, and related monitoring services. We currently serve approximately 6.5 million customers, making us the largest company of our kind in both the United States ("U.S.") and Canada.
We conduct business through our operating entities. During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015, we changed our segment reporting structure, which resulted in the reorganization of our single operating segment into two operating segments, United States and Canada, which are also our reportable segments. Operating results are reported based on the following two segments:
United States: Includes sales, installation, and monitoring for residential, business, and health customers in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, as well as corporate and other operating expenses associated with support functions in the United States.
Canada: Includes sales, installation, and monitoring for residential, business, and health customers in Canada, as well as operating expenses associated with certain support functions in Canada.
Where applicable, presentation of our operating segments and prior period amounts reported herein are based on the new segment structure.
Our subscriber-based business requires significant upfront costs to generate new customers, which in turn provide predictable recurring revenue generated from monthly monitoring fees. In any period, our business results will be impacted by a number of factors, including customer additions, costs associated with adding new customers, average revenue per customer, costs related to providing services to customers, and customer tenure. We manage our business to optimize these key factors. We focus on investing in each of our customer acquisition channels in order to grow our account base in a cost effective manner and generate positive future cash flows and attractive margins. We also focus on maintaining consistently high levels of customer satisfaction to increase customer tenure and improve profitability.

19


Merger
On February 14, 2016, we, as authorized by our Board of Directors, entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), by and among ADT, Prime Security Services Borrower, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Parent”), Prime Security One MS, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent (“Merger Sub”), and solely for the purposes of Article IX thereof, Prime Security Services Parent, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Parent Inc.”) and Prime Security Services TopCo Parent, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (“Parent LP”), pursuant to which, on May 2, 2016 (the "Closing Date"), Merger Sub merged with and into ADT, with ADT surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent (the “Merger”).
At the effective time of the Merger, each share of our common stock, par value $0.01 per share, issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger (other than shares of ADT’s common stock held by Parent, Merger Sub, or any other direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Parent, shares owned by ADT, including shares held in treasury, or any of its direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiaries, and shares owned by stockholders who have properly made and not withdrawn a demand for appraisal rights under Delaware law) was cancelled and converted into the right to receive cash consideration of $42.00 per share, without interest and subject to applicable withholding taxes.
In connection with the closing of the Merger, on the Closing Date, our common stock was delisted from the New York Stock Exchange. We were also deregistered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 on May 12, 2016.
The completion of the Merger was subject to customary closing conditions including, among others, ADT stockholder approval and regulatory approval. On March 9, 2016, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission granted early termination of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, and on March 11, 2016, the Commissioner of Competition issued a no action letter and waiver of the obligations to notify with respect to the Merger under Section 113(c) of the Competition Act (Canada). On April 22, 2016, ADT's stockholders adopted the Merger Agreement.
Refer to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 16, 2016 for additional information on the Merger and the definitive proxy statement relating to the Merger filed with the SEC on Schedule 14A on March 25, 2016. Refer to Note 1 to the Condensed and Consolidated Financial Statements for information about the Merger's impact on our debt.
Key Performance Indicators
We operate our business with the goal of retaining customers for long periods of time in order to recoup our initial investment in new customers, achieving cash flow break-even in approximately three years. We generate substantial recurring net operating cash flow from our customer base. In evaluating our financial results, we review the following key performance indicators:
Customer Growth. Growth of our customer base is crucial to drive our recurring customer revenue as well as to leverage costs of operations. To grow our customer base and improve awareness of our brands, we market our monitored security and home/business automation systems and services through national television advertisements, Internet advertising, a direct sales force, and an authorized dealer network. The key customer metrics that we use to track customer growth are gross customer additions and ending number of customers. Gross customer additions are new monitored customers installed or acquired during the period. Both gross customer additions and ending number of customers exclude contracts monitored but not owned.
Customer Attrition. Our economic model is highly dependent on customer retention. Success in retaining customers is driven in part by our discipline in accepting new customers with favorable characteristics and by providing high quality equipment, installation, monitoring, and customer service. Customer unit attrition is utilized as our key metric in assessing and managing customer retention. Therefore, beginning with the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, we have discontinued presentation of customer revenue attrition.
Customer Unit Attrition Rate. Customer unit attrition measures residential and business customer sites canceled, excluding health services and contracts monitored but not owned, net of dealer charge-backs and re-sales. Customer sites are considered canceled when all services are terminated. Dealer charge-backs represent customer cancellations charged back to the dealers because the customer canceled service during the charge-back period, which is generally twelve to fifteen months. Re-sales are inactive customer sites that are returned to active service during the period. The customer unit attrition rate is a 52-week trailing ratio, the numerator of which is the number of customer sites canceled during the period due to attrition, net of dealer charge-backs and re-sales, and the denominator of which is the average of the customer base at the beginning of each month during the period.

20


Recurring Customer Revenue. Recurring customer revenue is generated by contractual monthly recurring fees for monitoring and other recurring services provided to our customers. Our other revenue consists of revenue associated with the sale of equipment, amortization of deferred revenue related to upfront fees, non-routine repair and maintenance services, and customer termination charges.
Average Revenue per Customer. Average revenue per customer measures the average amount of recurring revenue per customer per month, excluding contracts monitored but not owned, and is calculated based on the recurring revenue under contract at the end of the period divided by the total number of customers under contract at the end of the period.
Cost to Serve Expenses. Cost to serve expenses represent the cost of providing services to our customers reflected in our Condensed and Consolidated Statements of Operations. These expenses include costs associated with service calls for customers who have maintenance contracts, costs of monitoring, call center customer service and guard response, partnership commissions and continuing equity programs, bad debt expense, and general and administrative expenses. Recurring customer revenue less cost to serve expenses represents our recurring revenue margin.
Gross Subscriber Acquisition Cost Expenses. Gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses represent certain costs related to the acquisition of new customers reflected in our Condensed and Consolidated Statements of Operations such as advertising, marketing, and both direct and indirect selling costs for all new customer accounts as well as sales commissions and installation equipment and labor costs associated with transactions where title to the security system is contractually transferred to the customer.
Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization ("Adjusted EBITDA"). Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure reflecting net income adjusted for interest, taxes, and certain non-cash items which include depreciation of subscriber system assets and other fixed assets, amortization of deferred costs and deferred revenue associated with customer acquisitions, and amortization of dealer and other intangible assets. Adjusted EBITDA is also adjusted to exclude charges and gains related to the Merger, acquisitions, integrations, restructurings, impairments, and other income or charges. Such items are excluded to eliminate the impact of items that management does not consider indicative of our core operating performance and/or business trends. We believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful to provide investors with information about operating profits, adjusted for significant non-cash and other items, generated from the existing customer base. A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (the most comparable GAAP measure) and additional information, including a description of the limitations relating to the use of Adjusted EDITDA, are provided under "-Non-GAAP Measures."
Adjusted Pre Subscriber Acquisition Cost EBITDA ("Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA"). Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure reflecting Adjusted EBITDA, as discussed above, adjusted for gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses and revenue associated with the sale of equipment. We believe Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA is useful to provide investors with information on the operational profits from our existing customer base by excluding certain revenue and expenses related to acquiring new customers. A reconciliation of Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA to net income (the most comparable GAAP measure) and additional information, including a description of the limitations relating to the use of Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA, are provided under "-Non-GAAP Measures."
Free Cash Flow ("FCF"). FCF is a non-GAAP measure that our management employs to measure cash that is available to repay debt, make other investments, return capital to stockholders through dividends, and repurchase shares. The difference between net cash provided by operating activities (the most comparable GAAP measure) and FCF is the deduction of cash outlays for capital expenditures, subscriber system assets, and dealer generated customer accounts and bulk account purchases. A reconciliation of FCF to net cash provided by operating activities and additional information, including a description of the limitations relating to the use of FCF, are provided under "-Non-GAAP Measures."

21


Results of Operations
Quarter Ended March 31, 2016 Compared to Quarter Ended March 27, 2015
The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations and key performance indicators for the periods presented.
 
For the Quarters Ended
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except as otherwise indicated)
March 31, 2016
 
March 27, 2015
 
Variance
 
% Change
Results of Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring customer revenue
$
834

 
$
829

 
$
5

 
0.6
 %
Other revenue
65

 
61

 
4

 
6.6
 %
         Total revenue
899

 
890

 
9

 
1.0
 %
Operating expenses
756

 
742

 
14

 
1.9
 %
         Operating income
143

 
148

 
(5
)
 
(3.4
)%
Interest expense, net
(53
)
 
(51
)
 
(2
)
 
3.9
 %
Other income

 
3

 
(3
)
 
(100.0
)%
Income before income taxes
90

 
100

 
(10
)
 
(10.0
)%
Income tax expense
(28
)
 
(32
)
 
4

 
(12.5
)%
Net income
$
62

 
$
68

 
$
(6
)
 
(8.8
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Key Performance Indicators:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        Ending number of customers (thousands)
6,547

 
6,653

 
(106
)
 
(1.6
)%
        Gross customer additions (thousands)
227

 
249

 
(22
)
 
(8.8
)%
        Customer unit attrition rate (percent)
12.1
%
 
12.5
%
 
-40 bps

 
N/M

        Average revenue per customer (dollars)
$
43.43

 
$
41.98

 
$
1.45

 
3.5
 %
        Cost to serve expenses
$
308

 
$
305

 
$
3

 
1.0
 %
        Gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses
$
112

 
$
120

 
$
(8
)
 
(6.7
)%
        Adjusted EBITDA(1)
$
468

 
$
444

 
$
24

 
5.4
 %
        Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA(1)
$
572

 
$
557

 
$
15

 
2.7
 %
N/M - Not meaningful
(1) 
Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA are non-GAAP measures. Refer to the "Non-GAAP Measures" section for the definitions thereof and reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP measures.

22


Revenue
Revenue by segment for the quarter ended March 31, 2016 compared to the quarter ended March 27, 2015 was as follows:
 
For the Quarters Ended
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
March 31,
2016
 
March 27,
2015
 
$ Change
 
% Change
United States:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring customer revenue
$
780

 
$
767

 
$
13

 
1.7
 %
Other revenue
57

 
53

 
4

 
7.5
 %
Total
$
837

 
$
820

 
$
17

 
2.1
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Canada:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring customer revenue
$
54

 
$
62

 
$
(8
)
 
(12.9
)%
Other revenue
8

 
8

 

 
 %
Total
$
62

 
$
70

 
$
(8
)
 
(11.4
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenue
$
899

 
$
890

 
$
9

 
1.0
 %
United States Revenue
Revenue in the United States increased as a result of growth in recurring customer revenue for our residential and business customers of $13 million. Recurring customer revenue increased primarily as a result of higher average revenue per customer. Average revenue per customer increased by $1.62 or 3.7%, to $45.55 as of March 31, 2016 as compared to $43.93 as of March 27, 2015. This increase was primarily due to the addition of new customers at higher rates, largely driven by an increase in ADT Pulse® customers as compared to total customer additions, as well as price escalations on our existing customer base.
Gross customer additions decreased by 9.8% to 211 thousand for the quarter ended March 31, 2016 as compared to 234 thousand for the quarter ended March 27, 2015. This decrease was due to lower customer additions in our direct channel which included the negative impact from our enhanced focus on high quality customer additions through our disciplined customer selection process.
Ending number of customers, net of attrition, decreased slightly to 5.8 million customers as of March 31, 2016 as compared to 5.9 million customers as of March 27, 2015. Customer unit attrition was impacted favorably by strengthened resale efforts and improvements in voluntary disconnects partially offset by the impact of non-pay and relocation disconnects.
Canada Revenue
Revenue in Canada decreased primarily due to the unfavorable impact of foreign currency exchange rates.
 

23


Operating Expenses
We evaluate operating expenses by categorizing costs into cost to serve expenses, gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses, depreciation and amortization, and other. The following tables reflect the location of these items in our Condensed and Consolidated Statements of Operations as well as by segment for the quarters ended March 31, 2016 and March 27, 2015:
 
For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2016
 
Consolidated
 
Segment Information
(in millions)
Cost of revenue
 
Selling, general and
administrative expenses
 
Radio conversion costs
 
Total
 
United States
 
Canada
 
Total
Cost to serve expenses
$
117

 
$
165

 
$
26

 
$
308

 
$
283

 
$
25

 
$
308

Gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses
9

 
103

 

 
112

 
103

 
9

 
112

Depreciation and amortization
274

 
58

 

 
332

 
311

 
21

 
332

Other
4

 

 

 
4

 
4

 

 
4

       Total
$
404

 
$
326

 
$
26

 
$
756

 
$
701

 
$
55

 
$
756

 
For the Quarter Ended March 27, 2015
 
Consolidated
 
Segment Information
(in millions)
Cost of revenue
 
Selling, general and
administrative expenses
 
Radio conversion costs
 
Total
 
United States
 
Canada
 
Total
Cost to serve expenses
$
120

 
$
166

 
$
19

 
$
305

 
$
279

 
$
26

 
$
305

Gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses
9

 
111

 

 
120

 
110

 
10

 
120

Depreciation and amortization
259

 
54

 

 
313

 
291

 
22

 
313

Other
4

 

 

 
4

 
3

 
1

 
4

       Total
$
392

 
$
331

 
$
19

 
$
742

 
$
683

 
$
59

 
$
742

United States Operating Expenses
Operating expenses in the United States increased by $18 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2016 as compared to the quarter ended March 27, 2015 largely resulting from an increase in depreciation and amortization of $20 million, and cost to serve expenses of $4 million. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses of $7 million.
The increase in depreciation and amortization was primarily driven by additional depreciation expense on existing and new subscriber system assets, which included higher costs associated with ADT Pulse® additions and upgrades.
The increase in cost to serve expenses was primarily driven by the following:
Increase in customer service expenses of $8 million, primarily due to an increase in ADT Pulse® customers.
Increase in radio conversion costs of $7 million.
Incremental costs of $7 million related to the Merger, as discussed above.
These increases were partially offset by a decrease in maintenance expenses due to a lower volume of customer tickets and improved operational efficiencies from strengthened business platforms and capabilities to support business simplifications, and lower bad debt expense.
The decrease in gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses was primarily driven by a decrease in advertising costs of $8 million. Advertising costs decreased largely due to greater costs associated with dealer lead generation activities under a marketing efficiency program for the quarter ended March 27, 2015 as compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2016.

24


Canada Operating Expenses
Operating expenses in Canada decreased by $4 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2016 as compared to the quarter ended March 27, 2015 primarily due to the impact of foreign currency exchange rates.
Income Tax Expense
Income tax expense decreased $4 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2016 as compared to the quarter ended March 27, 2015, and the effective tax rate decreased to 31.1% from 32.0%. The effective tax rate can vary from period to period due to permanent tax adjustments, discrete items such as the settlement of income tax audits and changes in tax laws, as well as recurring factors such as changes in the overall effective state tax rate.
Six Months Ended March 31, 2016 Compared to Six Months Ended March 27, 2015
The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations, summary cash flow data, and key performance indicators for the periods presented.

For the Six Months Ended
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except as otherwise indicated)
March 31,
2016

March 27,
2015

Variance

% Change
Results of Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring customer revenue
$
1,667


$
1,654


$
13


0.8
 %
Other revenue
132


123


9


7.3
 %
         Total revenue
1,799


1,777


22


1.2
 %
Operating expenses
1,511

 
1,471

 
40

 
2.7
 %
         Operating income
288

 
306

 
(18
)
 
(5.9
)%
Interest expense, net
(106
)
 
(101
)
 
(5
)
 
5.0
 %
Other income

 
3

 
(3
)
 
(100.0
)%
Income before income taxes
182

 
208

 
(26
)
 
(12.5
)%
Income tax expense
(56
)
 
(68
)
 
12

 
(17.6
)%
Net income
$
126

 
$
140

 
$
(14
)
 
(10.0
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Summary Cash Flow Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
789

 
$
756

 
$
33

 
4.4
 %
Net cash used in investing activities
(642
)
 
(708
)
 
66

 
(9.3
)%
Net cash used in financing activities
(151
)
 
(49
)
 
(102
)
 
208.2
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Key Performance Indicators:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        Ending number of customers (thousands)
6,547

 
6,653

 
(106
)
 
(1.6
)%
        Gross customer additions (thousands)
486

 
511

 
(25
)
 
(4.9
)%
        Customer unit attrition rate (percent)
12.1
%
 
12.5
%
 
-40 bps

 
N/M

        Average revenue per customer (dollars)
$
43.43

 
$
41.98

 
$
1.45

 
3.5
 %
        Cost to serve expenses
$
614

 
$
608

 
$
6

 
1.0
 %
        Gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses
$
230

 
$
232

 
$
(2
)
 
(0.9
)%
        Adjusted EBITDA(1)
$
925

 
$
897

 
$
28

 
3.1
 %
        Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA(1)
$
1,138

 
$
1,115

 
$
23

 
2.1
 %
        FCF(1)
$
124

 
$
87

 
$
37

 
42.5
 %
N/M - Not meaningful
(1) 
Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA, and FCF are non-GAAP measures. Refer to the "Non-GAAP Measures" section for the definitions thereof and reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP measures.

25


Revenue
Revenue by segment for the six months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the six months ended March 27, 2015 was as follows:

For the Six Months Ended
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
March 31,
2016

March 27,
2015

$ Change

% Change
United States:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring customer revenue
$
1,558

 
$
1,525

 
$
33

 
2.2
 %
Other revenue
115

 
106

 
9

 
8.5
 %
Total
$
1,673

 
$
1,631

 
$
42

 
2.6
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Canada:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring customer revenue
$
109

 
$
129

 
$
(20
)
 
(15.5
)%
Other revenue
17

 
17

 

 
 %
Total
$
126

 
$
146

 
$
(20
)
 
(13.7
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenue
$
1,799

 
$
1,777

 
$
22

 
1.2
 %
United States Revenue
Revenue in the United States increased as a result of growth in recurring customer revenue for our residential and business customers of $33 million. Recurring customer revenue increased primarily as a result of higher average revenue per customer. Average revenue per customer increased by $1.62 or 3.7% to $45.55 as of March 31, 2016 as compared to $43.93 as of March 27, 2015. This increase was primarily due to the addition of new customers at higher rates, largely driven by an increase in ADT Pulse® customers as compared to total customer additions, as well as price escalations on our existing customer base.
Gross customer additions decreased by 6.1% to 449 thousand during the six months ended March 31, 2016 as compared to 478 thousand during the six months ended March 27, 2015. This decrease was due to lower customer additions in our direct channel which included the negative impact from our enhanced focus on high quality customer additions through our disciplined customer selection process. This decrease was partially offset by additional customers resulting from the change in the calendar month end, as there were six additional days in the six months ended March 31, 2016, as discussed above.
Ending number of customers, net of attrition, decreased slightly to 5.8 million customers as of March 31, 2016 as compared to 5.9 million customers as of March 27, 2015. Customer unit attrition was impacted favorably by strengthened resale efforts and improvements in voluntary disconnects partially offset by the impact of non-pay and relocation disconnects.
Canada Revenue
Revenue in Canada decreased due to the unfavorable impact of foreign currency exchange rates.

26


Operating Expenses
We evaluate operating expenses by categorizing costs into cost to serve expenses, gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses, depreciation and amortization, and other. The following tables reflect the location of these items in our Condensed and Consolidated Statements of Operations as well as by segment for the six months ended March 31, 2016 and March 27, 2015:

For the Six Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
Consolidated
 
Segment Information
(in millions)
Cost of revenue
 
Selling, general and
administrative expenses
 
Radio conversion costs
 
Total
 
United States
 
Canada
 
Total
Cost to serve expenses
$
232

 
$
332

 
$
50

 
$
614

 
$
564

 
$
50

 
$
614

Gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses
20

 
210

 

 
230

 
211

 
19

 
230

Depreciation and amortization
545

 
114

 

 
659

 
617

 
42

 
659

Other
8

 

 

 
8

 
7

 
1

 
8

       Total
$
805

 
$
656

 
$
50

 
$
1,511

 
$
1,399

 
$
112

 
$
1,511


For the Six Months Ended March 27, 2015
 
Consolidated
 
Segment Information
(in millions)
Cost of revenue
 
Selling, general and
administrative expenses
 
Radio conversion costs
 
Total
 
United States
 
Canada
 
Total
Cost to serve expenses
$
231

 
$
335

 
$
42

 
$
608

 
$
553

 
$
55

 
$
608

Gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses
22

 
210

 

 
232

 
210

 
22

 
232

Depreciation and amortization
518

 
104

 

 
622

 
576

 
46

 
622

Other
9

 

 

 
9

 
7

 
2

 
9

       Total
$
780

 
$
649

 
$
42

 
$
1,471

 
$
1,346

 
$
125

 
$
1,471

United States Operating Expenses
Operating expenses in the United States increased by $53 million for the six months ended March 31, 2016 as compared to the six months ended March 27, 2015 largely resulting from an increase in depreciation and amortization of $41 million and cost to serve expenses of $11 million.
The increase in depreciation and amortization was primarily driven by additional depreciation expense on existing and new subscriber system assets, which included higher costs associated with ADT Pulse® additions and upgrades.
The increase in cost to serve expenses was primarily driven by the following:
Increase in customer service expenses of $17 million, primarily due to an increase in ADT Pulse® customers.
Increase in radio conversion costs of $8 million.
These increases were partially offset by a decrease in maintenance expenses due to a lower volume of customer tickets and improved operational efficiencies from strengthened business platforms and capabilities to support business simplifications.

27


Canada Operating Expenses
Operating expenses in Canada decreased by $13 million for the six months ended March 31, 2016 as compared to the six months ended March 27, 2015 primarily due to the impact of foreign currency exchange rates.
Income Tax Expense
Income tax expense decreased $12 million for the six months ended March 31, 2016 as compared to the six months ended March 27, 2015, and the effective tax rate decreased to 30.8% from 32.7%. The effective tax rate can vary from period to period due to permanent tax adjustments, discrete items such as the settlement of income tax audits and changes in tax laws, as well as recurring factors such as changes in the overall effective state tax rate.
Non-GAAP Measures
To provide investors with additional information in connection with our results as determined by GAAP, we also disclose non-GAAP measures which management believes provide useful information to investors. These measures consist of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA, and FCF. These measures are not financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as substitutes for net income, operating profit, cash from operating activities, or any other operating performance measure calculated in accordance with GAAP, and they may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. We use Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA to measure the operational strength and performance of our business. We use FCF as an additional measure of our ability to repay debt, make other investments, return capital to stockholders through dividends, and repurchase shares. These measures, or measures that are based on them, may also be used as components in our incentive compensation plans.
We believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful because it measures our success in acquiring, retaining, and servicing our customer base and our ability to generate and grow our recurring revenue while providing a high level of customer service in a cost-effective manner. Adjusted EBITDA excludes interest expense and the provision for income taxes. Excluding these items eliminates the expenses associated with our capitalization and tax structure. Because Adjusted EBITDA excludes interest expense, it does not give effect to cash used for debt service requirements and thus does not reflect available funds for distributions, reinvestment, or other discretionary uses. Adjusted EBITDA also excludes depreciation and amortization, which eliminates the impact of non-cash charges related to capital investments. Depreciation and amortization includes depreciation of subscriber system assets and other fixed assets, amortization of deferred costs and deferred revenue associated with subscriber acquisitions, and amortization of dealer and other intangible assets. Adjusted EBITDA is also adjusted to exclude charges and gains related to the Merger, acquisitions, integrations, restructurings, impairments, and other income or charges. Such items are excluded to eliminate the impact of items that management does not consider indicative of our core operating performance and/or business trends.
We believe Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA is useful because it measures the operational profits from our existing customer base by excluding certain revenue and expenses related to acquiring new customers. Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA reflects Adjusted EBITDA, as discussed above, adjusted for gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses and revenue associated with the sale of equipment. Excluding subscriber acquisition related revenue and expenses eliminates the impact of growing our subscriber base.
There are material limitations to using Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA does not take into account certain significant items, including depreciation and amortization, interest expense, tax expense, and other adjustments which directly affect our net income. In addition to the Adjusted EBITDA limitations, Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA does not take into account subscriber acquisition related revenue and expenses. These limitations are best addressed by considering the economic effects of the excluded items independently, and by considering Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA in conjunction with net income as calculated in accordance with GAAP.
FCF is defined as cash from operations less cash outlays related to capital expenditures, subscriber system assets, and dealer generated customer accounts and bulk account purchases. Dealer generated customer accounts are accounts that are generated through our network of independent, third-party authorized dealers. Bulk account purchases represent accounts that we acquire from third parties outside of our authorized dealer network, such as other security service providers, on a selective basis. These items are subtracted from cash from operating activities because they represent long-term investments that are required for normal business activities. As a result, subject to the limitations described below, FCF is a useful measure of our cash available to repay debt, make other investments, return capital to stockholders through dividends, and repurchase shares.

28


FCF adjusts for cash items that are ultimately within management's and our Board of Directors' discretion to direct, and therefore may imply that there is less or more cash that is available than the most comparable GAAP measure. FCF is not intended to represent residual cash flow for discretionary expenditures since debt repayment requirements and other non-discretionary expenditures are not deducted. These limitations are best addressed by using FCF in combination with the GAAP cash flow numbers.
Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA
The table below reconciles Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA to net income for the periods presented.

For the Quarters Ended

For the Six Months Ended
(in millions)
March 31,
2016

March 27,
2015

March 31,
2016

March 27,
2015
Net income
$
62


$
68


$
126


$
140

Interest expense, net
53


51


106


101

Income tax expense
28


32


56


68

Depreciation and intangible asset amortization
294


278


583


553

Amortization of deferred subscriber acquisition costs
38


35


76


69

Amortization of deferred subscriber acquisition revenue
(43
)

(40
)

(86
)

(80
)
Restructuring and other
2

 
2


5


4

Merger, acquisition, and integration costs
8

 


9


1

Radio conversion costs
26

 
19


50


42

Separation related other income

 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
Adjusted EBITDA
$
468


$
444


$
925


$
897













Gross subscriber acquisition cost expenses
112


120


230


232

Revenue associated with the sale of equipment
(8
)

(7
)

(17
)

(14
)
Adjusted Pre-SAC EBITDA
$
572


$
557