10-Q 1 bmix10q_new9302018.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the transition period from ____________ to ____________

 

Commission File Number 000-55191

 

Brazil Minerals, Inc.

 (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   39-2078861
(State or other jurisdiction of   (IRS Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)

 

Rua Vereador João Alves Praes, nº 95-A

Olhos D'Água, MG 39398-000, Brazil

 (Address of principal executive offices)

 

(213) 590-2500

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or, an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company", and "emerging growth company", in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer     Smaller reporting company
(Do not check if smaller reporting company)   Emerging growth company 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS

 

As of November 19, 2018, the registrant had 304,873,209 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

  
 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

      Page
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION    
       
Item 1. Financial Statements    
       
  Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2017   F-1
       
  Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited)   F-2
       
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited)   F-3
       
  Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)   F-4
       
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.   19
       
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   28
       
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.   28
       
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION    
       
Item 6. Exhibits   30
       
Signatures   31
       
Exhibits/Certifications    

 

 

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PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   September 30,  December 31,
    2018    2017 
     (Unaudited)      (Audited)  
 ASSETS          
 Current assets:          
 Cash and cash equivalents  $5,857   $84,107 
 Accounts receivable   6    - 
 Taxes recoverable   23,006    27,846 
 Inventory   32,118    38,875 
 Deposits and advances   3,544    4,290 
 Total current assets   64,531    155,118 
 Noncurrent assets:          
 Property and equipment, net   247,900    365,472 
 Intangible assets, net   513,261    620,805 
 Equity investments   150,000    150,000 
 Total assets  $975,692   $1,291,395 
           
 LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT          
 Current liabilities:          
 Accounts payable and accrued expenses   506,651    407,650 
 Convertible notes payable, net of debt discounts totaling $16,824 and $219,608, respectively   870,259    665,394 
 Loans payable   143,000    - 
 Related party notes and other payables, net of debt discounts totaling $324,093 and $0, respectively   319,977    537,183 
 Total current liabilities   1,839,887    1,610,227 
 Long term liabilities:          
 Other noncurrent liabilities   176,403    200,815 
 Total liabilities  $2,016,290   $1,811,042 
           

Commitments and Contingencies, Note 5

   -    - 
           
 Stockholders' deficit:          
 Series A preferred stock, $0.001 par value. 10,000,000 shares authorized; 1 share issued and outstanding   1    1 
 Common stock, $0.001 par value. 950,000,000 shares authorized; 302,799,689 and 121,274,424 shares          
 issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively   302,799    121,274 
 Additional paid-in capital   46,503,650    45,788,819 
 Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (614,299)   (524,819)
 Stock purchase warrants   218,656    218,656 
 Accumulated deficit   (48,782,800)   (47,515,131)
 Total Brazil Minerals, Inc. stockholders' deficit   (2,371,993)   (1,911,200)
 Non-controlling interest   1,331,395    1,391,553 
 Total stockholders' deficit   (1,040,598)   (519,647)
 Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit  $975,692   $1,291,395 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

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BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS (Unaudited)

 

  

 Three months ended September 30

 

 Nine months ended September 30

   2018  2017  2018  2017
Revenue  $21,172   $17,933   $28,472   $30,387 
Cost of revenue   27,229    36,651    96,313    113,528 
Gross margin   (6,057)   (18,718)   (67,841)   (83,141)
Operating expenses:                    
Professional fees   10,567    60,362    90,849    137,621 
General and administrative   143,300    106,948    289,680    261,108 
Compensation and related costs   63,172    62,278    181,948    206,627 
Stock based compensation   62,201    164,574    188,957    164,574 
Total operating expenses   279,240    394,162    751,434    769,930 
Loss from operations   (285,297)   (412,880)   (819,275)   (853,071)
Other expense (income):                    
Interest on promissory notes   51,763    29,920    116,477    80,950 
Amortization of debt discounts and other fees   176,352    124,748    447,075    277,094 
Other expense (income)   -    1,493    -    1,538 
Total other expense (income)   228,115    156,161    563,552    359,582 
Loss before provision for income taxes   (513,412)   (569,041)   (1,382,827)   (1,212,653)
Provision for income taxes   -    -    -    - 
Net loss   (513,412)   (569,041)   (1,382,827)   (1,212,653)
Loss attributable to non-controlling interest   (53,807)   (74,646)   (115,158)   (90,624)
Net loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. stockholders  $(459,605)  $(494,395)  $(1,267,669)  $(1,122,029)
Basic and diluted loss per share                    
Net loss per share attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. common stockholders  $-   $(0.01)  $(0.01)  $(0.02)
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:                    
Basic and diluted   246,921,774    79,414,392    190,207,606    64,816,691 
Comprehensive loss:                    
Net loss  $(513,412)  $(569,041)  $(1,382,827)  $(1,212,653)
Foreign currency translation adjustment   (8,078)   40,960    (89,480)   35,347 
Comprehensive loss   (521,490)   (528,081)   (1,472,307)   (1,177,306)
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests   (53,807)   (74,646)   (115,158)   (90,624)
Comprehensive loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. stockholders  $(467,683)  $(453,435)  $(1,357,149)  $(1,086,682)

 



The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

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BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

   Nine Months Ended September 30,
   2018  2017
Cash flows from operating activities of continuing operations:          
Net loss  $(1,382,827)  $(1,212,653)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:          
Stock based compensation and services   238,957    167,741 
Amortization of debt discounts   447,075    277,094 
Common stock issued in satisfaction of other financing costs   1,050    - 
Depreciation and amortization   63,401    55,521 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (6)   - 
Deposits and advances   -    (4,469)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   122,988    72,977 
Accrued salary due to officer   160,330    87,500 
Other noncurrent liabilities   11,740    6,874 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   (337,292)   (549,415)
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Acquisition of property and equipment   (803)   (37,991)
Advances to related parties   (1,173)   - 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   (1,976)   (37,991)
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Loans from officer   -    64,889 
Repayments of loans from officer   (65,641)   - 
Net proceeds from sale of common stock   -    21,834 
Proceeds from sale of subsidiary common stock to noncontrolling interests   5,000    212,766 
Proceeds from convertible notes payable   130,556    415,420 
Proceeds from loans payable   143,000    79,000 
Repayment of loans payable   -    (79,000)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   212,915    714,909 
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents   48,836    11,776 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (77,517)   139,279 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   83,374    6,268 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $5,857   $145,547 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:          
Cash paid for interest  $-   $- 
Cash paid for income taxes  $-   $- 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:          
Shares issued in connection with conversion of debt and accrued interest  $144,716   $66,115 
Conversion of related party payables into convertible notes payable  $445,628   $- 
Discount for beneficial conversion features on convertible notes  $561,633   $405,208 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

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BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION, BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Organization and Description of Business

 

Brazil Minerals, Inc. ("Brazil Minerals" or the "Company") was incorporated as Flux Technologies, Corp. under the laws of the State of Nevada, U.S. on December 15, 2011. The Company changed its management and business on December 18, 2012, to focus on mineral exploration. Brazil Minerals, through subsidiaries, owns mineral rights in Brazil for gold, diamonds, cobalt, copper, lithium, manganese, nickel, precious gems (aquamarine, beryl, tourmaline) and sand.

 

On July 27, 2016, upon approval by its Board of Directors, the Company sold a 99.99% equity interest in Mineração Jupiter Ltda to Jupiter Gold Corporation ("Jupiter Gold"), a newly created company, in exchange for 4,000,000 shares of the common stock of Jupiter Gold. On December 16, 2016, the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") declared effective a Registration Statement filed by Jupiter Gold for the sale of shares in a public offering in the U.S. On July 6, 2018, Jupiter Gold received notice that its common stock was assigned the ticker symbol "JUPGF". The "F" denotes that Jupiter Gold is a foreign corporation. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had ownership of approximately 54.7% of the equity of Jupiter Gold. As such, the accounts and results of Jupiter Gold, and its subsidiary MJL, have been included in the Company's consolidated financial statements. See Note 2 for more information.

 

Management's Representation of Interim Financial Statements

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company without audit pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Certain information and disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP") have been condensed or omitted as allowed by such rules and regulations, and management believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These consolidated financial statements include all of the adjustments, which in the opinion of management are necessary to a fair presentation of financial position and results of operations. All such adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements at December 31, 2017 and 2016, as presented in the Company's Form 10-K filed on April 17, 2018 with the SEC.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") of the United States of America and are expressed in United States dollars. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingencies at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from those estimates.

 

 

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BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

Going Concern

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has limited working capital, has incurred losses in each of the past two years, and has not yet received material revenues from sales of products or services. These factors create substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustment that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company generating cash from its operations, the sale of its stock and/or obtaining debt financing. Historically, the Company has funded its operations primarily through the sale of debt and equity securities and through the receipt of proceeds from revenues. Management's plan to fund its capital requirements and ongoing operations include an increase in cash received from sales of gold and rough diamonds recovered from a new modular processing and recovery plant. Management's secondary plan to cover any shortfall is selling its equity securities, including common stock in the Company or common stock in Jupiter Gold that it owns, and obtaining debt financing. There can be no assurance the Company will be successful in these efforts.

 

Share Count

 

All share and per share amounts have been restated to give effect to a 1-for-500 reverse split of the Company's common stock which became effective on January 27, 2017.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company follows the guidance of Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 820 – Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure. Fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. The guidance also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of our Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect our Company's assumptions about the factors market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

· Level 1. Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
· Level 2. Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
· Level 3. Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

 

The Company's financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, taxes recoverable, prepaid expenses, inventory, deposits and other assets, accounts payable, accrued expenses, deferred revenue and convertible notes payable. The carrying amount of these financial instruments approximates fair value due to either length of maturity or interest rates that approximate prevailing market rates unless otherwise disclosed in these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

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BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents to the extent that the funds are not being held for investment purposes. The Company's bank accounts are deposited in FDIC insured institutions. Funds held in U.S. banks are insured up to $250,000 and funds held in Brazilian banks are insured up to $250,000 Brazilian Reais (translating into approximately $62,439 as of September 30, 2018).

 

Inventory

 

Inventory for the Company consists of ore stockpile, containing auriferous and diamondiferous gravel, which after processing in a recovery plant yields diamonds and gold, and is stated at lower of cost or net realizable value. No value was placed on sand. The amount of any write-down of inventories to net realizable value and all losses, are recognized in the period the write-down of loss occurs. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, inventory consisted primarily of rough ore stockpiled for further gold and diamonds recovery. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company did not record any write downs against the value of its inventory.

 

Value-Added Taxes Receivable

 

The Company records a receivable for value added taxes recoverable from Brazilian authorities on goods and services purchased by its Brazilian subsidiaries. The Company intends to recover the taxes through the acquisition of capital equipment from sellers who accept tax credits as payments.

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost. Major improvements and betterments are capitalized. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life. At the time of retirement or other disposition of property and equipment, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in the statements of operations as other gain or loss, net.

 

The diamond and gold processing plant and other machinery are depreciated over an estimated useful life of ten years; vehicles are depreciated over an estimated life of four years; and computer and other office equipment over an estimated useful life of three years.

 

Mineral Properties

 

Costs of exploration, carrying and retaining unproven mineral lease properties are expensed as incurred. Mineral property acquisition costs, including licenses and lease payments, are capitalized. Although the Company has taken steps to verify title to mineral properties in which it has an interest, these procedures do not guarantee the Company's rights. Such properties may be subject to prior agreements or transfers and title may be affected by undetected defects.

 

Impairment losses are recorded on mineral properties used in operations when indicators of impairment are present and the undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by those assets are less than the assets' carrying amount. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company did not recognize any impairment losses related to mineral properties held.

 

 

 

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BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Intangible Assets

 

For intangible assets purchased in a business combination, the estimated fair values of the assets received are used to establish their recorded values. For intangible assets acquired in a non-monetary exchange, the estimated fair values of the assets transferred (or the estimated fair values of the assets received, if more clearly evident) are used to establish their recorded values, unless the values of neither the assets received nor the assets transferred are determinable within reasonable limits, in which case the assets received are measured based on the carrying values of the assets transferred. Valuation techniques consistent with the market approach, income approach and/or cost approach are used to measure fair value. Intangible assets consist of mineral rights awarded by the Brazilian national mining department and held by the Company's subsidiaries.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

For long-lived assets, such as property and equipment and intangible assets subject to amortization, the Company continually monitors events and changes in circumstances that could indicate carrying amounts of long-lived assets may not be recoverable. When such events or changes in circumstances are present, the Company assesses the recoverability of long-lived assets by determining whether the carrying value of such assets will be recovered through undiscounted expected future cash flows. If the total of the future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of those assets, the Company recognizes an impairment loss based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or the fair value less costs to sell.

 

Equity Investments without Readily Determinable Fair Values

 

In the first quarter of 2018, the Company adopted the ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments — Overall (Subtopic 825-10). Under the new guidance, an entity shall no longer use the cost method of accounting as was applied before, but rather it can elect a measurement alternative for equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values and do not qualify for the practical expedient in ASC 820 to estimate fair value using the NAV per share. Management assessed its investments and concluded that they should be accounted for using measurement alternative. Under this election, the Company measures its investments at cost, less any impairment, plus or minus any changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for an identical or similar investment of the same issuer. ASU 2016-01 requires the Company to make a separate election to use the measurement alternative for each eligible investment, and to apply the measurement alternative consistently from period to period until the investment's fair value becomes readily determinable. It further requires that the Company use the prospective method for all equity investments without readily determinable fair values.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("ASC 606"), using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historic accounting under ASC 605. As of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the consolidated financial statements were not materially impacted as a result of the application of Topic 606 compared to Topic 605.

 

The Company recognizes revenue under ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The core principle of the new revenue standard is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The following five steps are applied to achieve that core principle:

 

 

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BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

· Step 1: Identify the contract with the customer
· Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract
· Step 3: Determine the transaction price
· Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract
· Step 5: Recognize revenue when the company satisfies a performance obligation

 

In order to identify the performance obligations in a contract with a customer, a company must assess the promised goods or services in the contract and identify each promised good or service that is distinct. A performance obligation meets ASC 606's definition of a "distinct" good or service (or bundle of goods or services) if both of the following criteria are met:

 

· The customer can benefit from the good or service either on its own or together with other resources that are readily available to the customer (i.e., the good or service is capable of being distinct).
· The entity's promise to transfer the good or service to the customer is separately identifiable from other promises in the contract (i.e., the promise to transfer the good or service is distinct within the context of the contract).

 

If a good or service is not distinct, the good or service is combined with other promised goods or services until a bundle of goods or services is identified that is distinct.

 

The transaction price is the amount of consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring promised goods or services to a customer. The consideration promised in a contract with a customer may include fixed amounts, variable amounts, or both. When determining the transaction price, an entity must consider the effects of all of the following:

 

· Variable consideration
· Constraining estimates of variable consideration
· The existence of a significant financing component in the contract
· Noncash consideration
· Consideration payable to a customer

 

Variable consideration is included in the transaction price only to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is subsequently resolved.

 

The transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation on a relative standalone selling price basis.

 

The transaction price allocated to each performance obligation is recognized when that performance obligation is satisfied, at a point in time or over time as appropriate.

 

Costs of Goods Sold

 

Included within costs of goods sold are the costs of cutting and polishing rough diamonds and costs of production such as diesel fuel, labor, and transportation.

 

 

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BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company records stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation. ASC 718 requires companies to measure compensation cost for stock-based employee compensation at fair value at the grant date and recognize the expense over the employee's requisite service period. Under ASC 718, volatility is based on the historical volatility of our stock or the expected volatility of the stock of similar companies. The expected life assumption is primarily based on historical exercise patterns and employee post-vesting termination behavior. The risk-free interest rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant.

 

The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which was developed for use in estimating the fair value of options. Option-pricing models require the input of highly complex and subjective variables including the expected life of options granted and the expected volatility of our stock price over a period equal to or greater than the expected life of the options. Because changes in the subjective assumptions can materially affect the estimated value of our employee stock options, it is management's opinion that the Black-Scholes option-pricing model may not provide an accurate measure of the fair value of our employee stock options. Although the fair value of employee stock options is determined in accordance with ASC Topic 718 using an option-pricing model, that value may not be indicative of the fair value observed in a willing buyer/willing seller market transaction.

 

The Company has adopted a stock plan to attract, retain and motivate its directors, officers, employees, consultants and advisors. The Company's stock incentive plan provides for the issuance of up to 25,000,000 common shares for employees, consultants, directors, and advisors.

 

Foreign Currency

 

The Company's foreign subsidiaries use a local currency as the functional currency. Resulting translation gains or losses are recognized as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income. Transaction gains or losses related to balances denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are recognized in the consolidated statements of operations. Net foreign currency transaction losses included in the Company's consolidated statements of operations were negligible for all periods presented.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes. ASC 740 requires a company to use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes, whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences, and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences. Temporary differences are the differences between the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion, or all of, the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company's deferred tax assets had a full valuation allowance.

 

Under ASC 740, a tax position is recognized as a benefit only if it is "more likely than not" that the tax position would be sustained in a tax examination being presumed to occur. The amount recognized is the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized on examination. For tax positions not meeting the "more likely than not" test, no tax benefit is recorded. The Company has identified the United States Federal tax returns as its "major" tax jurisdiction.

 

 

 11 
 

 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

On December 22, 2017, the United States enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA"), which instituted fundamental changes to the taxation of multinational corporations, including a reduction the U.S. corporate income tax rate to 21% beginning in 2018.

 

The TCJA also requires a one-time transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of the cumulative earnings of certain of the Company's foreign subsidiaries as of December 31, 2017. To determine the amount of this transition tax, the Company must determine the amount of earnings generated since inception by the relevant foreign subsidiaries, as well as the amount of non-U.S. income taxes paid on such earnings, in addition to potentially other factors. The Company believes that no such tax will be due since its Brazilian subsidiaries have, when required, paid taxes locally and that they have incurred a cumulative operating deficit since inception.

 

Earnings (Loss) Per Share

 

The Company computes loss per share in accordance with ASC Topic 260, Earnings per Share, which requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share on the face of the statement of operations. Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of outstanding common shares during the period. Diluted loss per share gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. As of September 30, 2018, the Company's potentially dilutive securities relate to common stock issuable in connection with convertible notes payable, options and warrants.

 

Other Comprehensive Income

 

Other comprehensive income is defined as the change in equity of a business enterprise during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources, other than net income and including foreign currency translation adjustments.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 840), to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. The amendments in this standard are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, for a public entity. Early adoption of the amendments in this standard is permitted for all entities and the Company must recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the effect this guidance will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

We have reviewed other recent accounting pronouncements issued to the date of the issuance of these consolidated financial statements, and we do not believe any of these pronouncements will have a material impact on the Company.

 

 

 

 

 12 
 

 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

NOTE 2 – COMPOSITION OF CERTAIN FINANCIAL STATEMENT ITEMS

 

Property and Equipment

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company's property and equipment at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017:

 

          September 30, 2018   December 31, 2017
          Gross Carrying Amount Accumulated Depreciation Net Book Value   Gross Carrying Amount Accumulated Depreciation Net Book Value
Capital assets subject to depreciation:               
Computers, software and office equipment                  1,548                 (745) 803                    901                 (863)                    38
Machinery and equipment   438,262           (251,761) 186,501              520,645           (250,067)            270,578
Vehicles                    165,375           (104,779) 60,596              200,164           (105,308)              94,856
Total fixed assets     605,185           (357,285) 247,900              721,710           (356,238)            365,472

 

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded depreciation expense of $19,426 and $17,125 and $63,401 and $55,521, respectively.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist of mining rights are not amortized as the mining rights are perpetual. The carrying value was $513,261 and $620,805 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

Equity Investments without Readily Determinable Fair Values

 

On October 2, 2017, the Company entered into an exchange agreement whereby it issued 25,000,000 shares of its common stock in exchange for 500,000 shares of Ares Resources Corporation, a related party. The shares were recorded at $150,000, or $0.006 per share. The shares were valued based upon the lowest market price of the Company's common stock on the date the agreement.

 

Under ASC 825-10, the Company elected to use a measurement alternative for its equity investment that does not have a readily determinable fair value. As such, the Company measured its investment at cost, less any impairment, plus or minus any changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for an identical or similar investment of the same issuer.

 

 

 13 
 

 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

The Company has recognized the cost of its investment in Ares, which is a private company with no readily determinable fair value, at its cost of $150,000 and accounts for the investment as an equity investment without a readily determinable fair value.

 


Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

 

    September 30, 2018     December 31, 2017  
             
Accounts payable and other accruals   $ 146,105     $ 132,172  
Accrued interest     360,546       275,478  
Total   $ 506,651     $ 407,650  

 

 

 

NOTE 3 – CONVERTIBLE PROMISSORY NOTES PAYABLE

 

Convertible Notes Payable - Fixed Conversion Price

 

On January 7, 2014, the Company issued to a family trust a senior secured convertible promissory note in the principal amount, and received gross proceeds, of $244,000 (the "Note") and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 488,000 shares of the Company's common stock at an exercise price of $62.50 per share through December 26, 2018 (the "Warrants"). The Company received gross proceeds of $244,000 for the sale of such securities. The outstanding principal of the Note bears interest at the rate of 12% per annum. All principal on the Note was payable on March 31, 2015 (the "Maturity Date"), which as of the date of this filing is past due and in technical default. The Company is in negotiations with the note holder to satisfy, amend the terms or otherwise resolve the obligation in default. No demand for payment has been made. As a result of the default, the interest rate on the Note increased to 30% per annum. Interest was payable on September 30, 2014 and on the Maturity Date. As of September 30, 2018, the Company has accrued interest payable totaling $292,509. The Note is convertible at the option of the holder into common stock of the Company at a conversion rate of one share for each $50.00 of principal and interest converted.

 

Convertible Notes Payable - Variable Conversion Price

 

At various times to fund operations, the Company issues convertible notes payable in which the conversion features are variable. In addition, some of these convertible notes payable have on issuance discounts and other fees withheld.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company issued to one noteholder, in various transactions, $242,144 in convertible promissory notes with fixed floors and received an aggregate of $232,344 in proceeds. The convertible promissory notes each bear interest at 8.0% per annum and mature one year from issuance. After six months from issuance, each convertible promissory note is convertible at the option of the holder at a 50% discount to the lowest traded price of the Company's common stock over the previous 20 days. In addition, each note's conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $241,852 were recorded and are being amortized over the life of the notes.

 

 

 14 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued to one noteholder, in various transactions, $477,609 in convertible promissory notes with fixed floors and received an aggregate of $454,584 in proceeds. The convertible promissory notes each bear interest at 8.0% per annum and mature one year from issuance. After six months from issuance, each convertible promissory note is convertible at the option of the holder at a 50% discount to the lowest traded price of the Company's common stock over the previous 20 days. In addition, each note's conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $447,272 were recorded and are being amortized over the life of the notes.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company issued to one noteholder, in various transactions, $137,306 in convertible promissory notes with fixed floors and received an aggregate of $130,556 in proceeds. The convertible promissory notes each bear interest at 8.0% per annum and mature one year from issuance. After six months from issuance, each convertible promissory note is convertible at the option of the holder at a 50% discount to the lowest traded price of the Company's common stock over the previous 20 days. In addition, each note's conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $116,005 were recorded and are being amortized over the life of the notes.

 

As of September 30, 2018, the Company has $887,084 in principal of notes payable with remaining discounts of $16,598 and deferred financing costs of $227, with a net balance of $870,259. The convertible notes payable incur interest at rates ranging from 8.0% to 30.0% per annum with due dates ranging from July 2017 to April 2019. Though some of the notes are past their original maturity dates, the lender has not issued a formal notice of default and continues to assist the Company with financing to support its working capital needs.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, $314,785 and $277,094 of the discounts were amortized to interest expense, respectively.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company issued 181,525,265 and 19,629,192 shares of common stock upon conversion of $146,766 and $66,115, respectively, in notes payable and accrued interest.

 

Future Potential Dilution

 

Most of the Company's convertible notes payable contain adjustable conversion terms with significant discounts to market. As of September 30, 2018, the Company's convertible notes are convertible into an aggregate of approximately 1,429,075,000 shares of common stock. Due to the variable conversion prices on some of the Company's convertible notes, the number of common shares issuable is dependent upon the traded price of the Company's common stock. As the aggregate potential dilutive shares issuable upon such conversions exceeds the current number of authorized shares, the Company intends to amend its Articles of Incorporation to increase the authorized number of shares of its common stock.

 

 

 

 15 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

NOTE 4 – STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

 

Authorized and Amendments

 

The Company filed a 1-for-500 reverse split with the state of Nevada on December 15, 2016, which became effective on January 27, 2017. On February 15, 2017, the Company amended its Articles of Incorporation to increase the authorized number of shares of its common stock to 100 million shares. On October 23, 2017, an amendment of the charter of the Company filed with the Secretary of State of Nevada increased the number of authorized common shares to 250,000,000.

 

As of December 31, 2017, the Company had 250,000,000 common shares authorized with a par value of $0.001 per share.

 

On March 15, 2018, an amendment of the charter of the Company filed with the Secretary of State of Nevada increased the number of authorized common shares to 950,000,000.

 

As of September 30, 2018, the Company had 950,000,000 common shares authorized with a par value of $0.001 per share.

 

Series A Preferred Stock

 

On December 18, 2012, the Company filed with the Nevada Secretary of State a Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock ("Series A Stock") to designate one share of a new series of preferred stock. The Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock provides that for so long as Series A Stock is issued and outstanding, the holders of Series A Stock shall vote together as a single class with the holders of the Company's Common Stock, with the holders of Series A Stock being entitled to 51% of the total votes on all such matters regardless of the actual number of shares of Series A Stock then outstanding, and the holders of Common Stock are entitled to their proportional share of the remaining 49% of the total votes based on their respective voting power.

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 Common Stock Transactions

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company issued 181,525,265 shares of common stock upon conversion of $145,766 in convertible notes payable and accrued interest.

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 Common Stock Transactions

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company issued 1,800,000 shares of common stock for cash proceeds of $21,834. Additionally, the Company issued 19,629,192 shares of common stock upon conversion of $66,115 in convertible notes payable and accrued interest.

 

See Note 3 for additional discussions of common stock issuances in connection with convertible notes.

 

 

 

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BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Common Stock Options

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company granted options to purchase an aggregate of 10,226,100 shares of common stock to non-management directors. The options were valued at $87,500 in total. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: our stock price on date of grant (range of $0.03 to $0.07), expected dividend yield of 0%, historical volatility ranging from 221% to 234%, risk-free interest rate of 1.80%, and an expected term of 5.00 years.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company granted options to purchase an aggregate of 18,268,000 shares of common stock to non-management directors. The options were valued at $37,500 in total. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: our stock price on the date of the grant ($0.0019 to $0.0026), expected dividend yield of 0%, historical volatility calculated between a range of 209.5% to 217.0%, risk-free interest rate between a range of 1.80% to 2.95%, and an expected term of 5 years.

 

 

NOTE 5 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Operating Leases

 

The Company leases offices in Pasadena, California, U.S., and in the municipality of Olhos D'Agua, Brazil. Such costs are immaterial to the consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 6 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, amounts payable to the Chief Executive Officer for accrued salaries, retirement contributions, and advances made net of any repayments included within related party payable were $644,070 and $502,397, respectively.

 

Effective June 30, 2018, the Company issued a convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $445,628 to its Chief Executive Officer against a portion of these unpaid compensatory balances. The note bears no interest and is payable on demand. The note is convertible at the option of the holder at the lower of (i) the average of the five lowest bid prices of the Company's common stock over the previous 20 trading days or (ii) the lowest price per share at which the Company sold its common stock in a transaction with a person who is not a manager, officer, or director of the Company during the period from the date hereof until the giving of notice of the election to convert or the lowest price per share at which a noteholder who is not a manager, officer, or director of the Company converted any debt of the Company into shares of the Company during the period from the date hereof until the giving of notice of the election to convert. The note's conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $445,628 were recorded and are being amortized over a one-year period consistent with the maturity dates of convertible notes issued to third party holders.

 

 

 17 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

Investment in Ares Resources Corporation's Common Stock

 

On October 2, 2017, the Company entered into an exchange agreement whereby it issued 25,000,000 shares of its common stock in exchange for 500,000 shares of Ares Resources Corporation, a related party. The shares were recorded at $150,000, or $0.006 per share. The shares were valued based upon the lowest market price of the Company's common stock on the date the agreement. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, no change in the value of the Ares common stock was recorded as the recorded value still approximated fair value.

 

 

NOTE 7 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

In accordance with FASB ASC 855-10 Subsequent Events, the Company has analyzed its operations subsequent to September 30, 2018 to the date these consolidated financial statements were issued, and has determined that it does not have any material subsequent events to disclose in these consolidated financial statements, except for the below:

 

On November 5, 2018, the common stock of Brazil Minerals’ subsidiary Jupiter Gold Corporation began trading in the U.S. over the counter market with ticker symbol JUPGF.

 

 

 

 18 
 


 

 

 

 

Item 2.  MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the notes to those financial statements appearing elsewhere in this Report.

 

This Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements for Brazil Minerals, Inc. reflect current expectations, as of the date of this Quarterly Report, and involve certain risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward- looking statements as a result of various factors. Factors that could cause future results to materially differ from the recent results or those projected in forward-looking statements include: unprofitable efforts resulting not only from the failure to discover mineral deposits but also from finding mineral deposits that, though present, are insufficient in quantity and quality to return a profit from production; market fluctuations; government regulations, including regulations relating to royalties, allowable production, importing and exporting of minerals, and environmental protection; competition; the loss of services of key personnel; unusual or infrequent weather phenomena, sabotage, government or other interference in the maintenance or provision of infrastructure as well as general economic conditions.

 

Description of Business

 

Overview

 

Brazil Minerals, Inc. and its subsidiaries ("Brazil Minerals", the "Company", "we", "us", or "our") engage in the discovery and exploration of high potential mineral areas in Brazil. We consolidate the results of our controlled subsidiaries in this quarterly Report.

 

Our business model is focused on: 1) mining specific areas for gold and diamonds, and 2) generating projects from our portfolio of high-quality mineral rights (the “BMIX Mineral Bank”) for transactions leading to equity positions and/or royalties.

 

The BMIX Mineral Bank currently includes mineral rights for gold, diamonds, cobalt, copper, lithium, manganese, nickel, precious gems (aquamarine, beryl, tourmaline) and sand.

 

Our first example from our project generation strategy is the successful registration of Jupiter Gold Corporation (“Jupiter Gold”) as a new publicly-listed company (OTC ticker symbol: JUPGF). Brazil Minerals owns approximately 54.7% of Jupiter Gold’s equity as of September 30, 2018.

 

 

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Mineral Properties

 

Our mineral properties are listed in the following table and summarized below:

 

Project Name Minerals Location (state, country) Area (acres) Status
Jequitinhonha Valley Diamonds, Gold, Sand Minas Gerais, Brazil  27,955 Mining**
Paracatu* Gold Minas Gerais, Brazil  795 Pre-mining***
Goiás Cobalt, Copper, Nickel Goiás, Brazil 5,011 Research
Salinas Lithium, Aquamarine, Beryl, Tourmaline, Granite, Feldspar Minas Gerais, Brazil 288 Research
Crixás* Gold Goiás, Brazil 4,925 Research
Itabira* Gold Minas Gerais, Brazil 4,069 Research
Diamantina* Manganese Minas Gerais, Brazil 4,970 Research
Serrita* Gold Pernambuco, Brazil 14,169 Research
Amazonas* Gold Amazonas, Brazil 69,030 Research

 

* Projects owned by Jupiter Gold

** New area to be mined within this project is in process of licensing with the regulatory authorities

*** Detailed drilling campaign completed and application for initial commercial mining being prepared for submission to regulatory authorities

 

Note: We advise U.S. investors that none of the projects listed above have measured “reserves” as such term is specifically defined in the SEC’s Industry Guide 7. Such guideline is not followed by Brazil’s mining department.

 

Diamond, Gold, Sand – Jequitinhonha Valley

 

Brazil Minerals, through subsidiaries, has 31 mineral rights for diamond, gold, and sand, on and near the margins of the Jequitinhonha River in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil. The Jequitinhonha River valley is a well-known area for diamond and gold production; it has hosted alluvial production since the 18th century.

 

One of our mineral rights, covering 422 acres, is a mining concession for diamond, gold and sand. Our concession, awarded by the Brazilian federal government through the Brazilian mining department, is the highest level of mineral right in Brazil. It permits us to mine in perpetuity provided that environmental licenses are kept current and that mining guidelines are followed.

 

Mineralization

 

Vaaldiam, the previous owner of this mining concession, and at that time a publicly-traded Canadian company, performed detailed geological studies leading to the publication of an NI 43-101 technical report in 2007, with an update in 2008, as required by the rules of the Canadian securities administrator and filed in SEDAR. The NI 43-101 report describes the existence of mineralized materials amounting to 1,639,200 cubic meters with the following concentrations: 0.16 carats of diamonds per cubic meter and 182 milligrams of gold per cubic meter. Vaaldiam also submitted a bankable feasibility study to the Brazilian mining department in accordance with local regulations. The NI 43-101 technical report and the bankable feasibility study were prepared and publicly-filed under regulations pertaining to Canada’s securities administrator. Under the SEC’s Industry Guide 7 such results are not characterized as reserves.

 

 

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Equipment & Processing

 

Gold and diamonds are present within gravel found in alluvial material in our concession area. Following drilling for identification of mineralized areas, we excavate the chosen perimeters, and gravel is removed and accumulated by excavator and bulldozer working together and later transported by truck to our recovery unit described below.

 

Recovery Plants

 

We have two working recovery plants for diamonds and gold. Our subsidiary, Jupiter Gold owns a modular recovery plant which utilizes a large centrifuge for recovery, currently deployed in this concession area. During 2017, this plant was completed, tested and made operational. The plant uses centrifugation as the primary method of gold separation. Material identified as potentially containing diamonds is retrieved and further processed in specific high-precision equipment for detection of diamonds, located in our large plant, as described below.

 

The modular plant is highly cost-effective and has become our preferred method of gold and diamond recovery. Under an agreement between Brazil Minerals and Jupiter Gold, this modular plant is solely operated by Brazil Minerals which retains 100% of the diamonds and 50% of the gold recovered from it, while the other 50% of gold is for the account of Jupiter Gold. Under U.S. GAAP consolidation of financial results for subsidiaries, any gold revenues obtained by Jupiter Gold are added to the revenues of Brazil Minerals.

 

Our other plant at this concession is regarded as the largest such type in Latin America and capable of processing upwards of 45 tons of gravel per hour of operation. It was acquired when we took over the concession. From the best information we have, this plant cost $2.5 million and was built by South African mining engineers. We utilize the state-of-the-art diamond recovery facilities from this large plant, following separation of concentrated diamondiferous-yielding material obtained after initial processing in our modular plant. We also utilize the gold laboratory unit of the large plant for final processing of gold obtained from our modular plant.

 

Fuel & Water

 

All of our equipment at the concession runs on diesel, purchased from multiple local vendors. Our water comes from lagoons that receive water from the Jequitinhonha River. We do not utilize any chemicals in any processes.

 

No Chemicals

 

All of our processing is based on washing auriferous and diamondiferous gravel with water, then applying physical processes such as sieving, shaking, followed by centrifugation. Gold and diamonds are heavy substances, allowing separation by such methods. The final step in diamond recovery uses diffraction differential in light emitted by diamonds versus non-diamonds.

 

Sand

 

The mining concession contains a sand bay from which in natural sand is extracted via excavator and sold to truckers. Our sand is of high-quality and sought after locally for civil construction projects.

 

Logistics

 

Our mining concession is an approximately one and half hour drive from Montes Claros with a population close to 700,000 people, with all needed services and the regional airport.

 

 

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Map 

https:||www.sec.gov|Archives|edgar|data|1540684|000107997418000297|mapb.jpg

 

Additional Area

 

We have obtained an initial permit for mining another mineral right that is located approximately 2 miles downstream from the mining concession described above. This mineral right has 1,310 acres, and our current authorization covers only a small part of this available surface area. We have drilled this area and identified presence of both gold and diamonds. We intend to move to this area for recovery after further exploitation of the mining concession described above. A map of this area is found below.

 

 

 

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Map

 

https:||www.sec.gov|Archives|edgar|data|1540684|000107997418000297|mapd.jpg

 

Gold – Paracatu

 

The Paracatu Project, held by our subsidiary, Jupiter Gold, consists of a mineral right for gold in this well-known gold district. This area of Brazil was settled in the early 17th century by pioneers searching for gold. During the second quarter of 2018, Jupiter Gold performed a detailed drilling campaign of the Paracatu Project. The target is an alluvial plain along the Rico Creek, which drains the giant Paracatu gold deposit known as “Morro do Ouro” (Gold Hill), an ore body of 16 million ounces owned by Kinross Gold Corporation (NYSE: KGC).

 

The senior geologist on the Paracatu Project is Rodrigo Mello, who has extensive experience in Brazilian gold geology. Mr. Mello has worked in Brazil for some of the largest gold companies in the world such as Goldcorp, AngloGold, and AngloAmerican, and has written 19 geological reports, mostly on gold formations.

 

Gold has been confirmed by geochemical analysis of samples collected. The application for initial commercial mining is being prepared for submission to regulatory authorities

 

 

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Gold – Crixás

 

The Crixás Project, held by our subsidiary Jupiter Gold, consists of a mineral right for gold in this well-known gold district. This area of Brazil was settled in the 18th century by pioneers searching for gold. Today Crixás is home to the some of the largest gold operations in Brazil, with large gold mines and projects from AngloGold Ashanti and Cleveland Mining. AngloGold Ashanti’s operations in Crixás encompass three underground and two open sky mines, with an ore body of greater than 7 million ounces of gold and annual production of 132,000 ounces, according to publicly-available information. Jupiter Gold intends to begin a field study in late 2018.

 

Gold – Itabira

 

The Itabira Project, held by our subsidiary Jupiter Gold, consists of a mineral right for gold in a region of Brazil near the city of Itabira called the “Quadrilátero Ferrífero" (Iron Quandrangle) known for large iron mines as well as gold mines. Jupiter Gold intends to begin a field study in late 2018.

 

Manganese – Diamantina

 

The Diamantina Project, held by our subsidiary, Jupiter Gold, consists of two mineral rights for manganese in the region in and surrounding Diamantina where other companies have explored for manganese.

 

Manganese has been positively identified by Jupiter Gold’s research team during the third quarter of 2018. Jupiter Gold intends to further study the area with respect to the potential to mine for manganese.

 

Cobalt, Copper, Nickel – Goiás

 

The Goiás Project, held by our subsidiary Jupiter Gold, consists of two mineral rights for cobalt, copper, and nickel in the region in and surrounding Montes Claros de Goiás, where other companies have explored for these minerals, and some of the largest Brazilian reserves of nickel are located, according to publicly-available information. Jupiter Gold intends to study the area or enter into a partnership for its study.

 

Lithium – Salinas

 

The Salinas Project consists of a mineral right for lithium, aquamarine, beryl, tourmaline, granite, and feldspar in the Salinas district, where other companies have explored for these minerals. We intend to study the area within the next several months or enter into a partnership for its study.

 

Gold – Serrita

 

The Serrita Project, held by our subsidiary, Jupiter Gold, consists of three mineral rights for gold in the Serrita district, a known gold district. Jupiter Gold intends to study the area within the next several months or enter into a partnership for its study.

 

Gold – Amazonas

 

The Amazonas Project, held by our subsidiary, Jupiter Gold, consists of three mineral rights for gold in the Apui area, a known gold district. Jupiter Gold intends to study the area within the next several months or enter into a partnership for its study.

 

 

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Events in the Third Quarter of 2018

 

1) On July 30, 2018, we announced the successful production of an initial batch of polished diamonds from rough gems which were recovered from diamondiferous gravel using our new modular processing plant technology. These diamonds were mined within one of our mining concessions in the Jequitinhonha region of the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil.

 

2) On September 18, 2018, we announced the conclusion of an extensive drilling campaign of one of our several mineral rights in the Jequitinhonha River Valley located in the northern part of the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil. We drilled 35 holes spaced 30 to 50 meters utilizing a Banka 4-inch drill. All 35 holes were positive for fine gold as observed by our drilling team, and samples were collected for quantitative geochemical analysis. The average depth for the auriferous gravel layer was 8 meters and with a thickness between 1.5 to 9.3 meters. The target area studied in this drilling campaign is an alluvial plain along the Jequitinhonha River Valley, an area known for placer mining for gold and diamonds.

 

3) On September 20, 2018, we announced that our extensive drilling campaign commented in the previous item had yielded alluvial material with a high likelihood for diamonds in over 57% of the drill holes executed, according to members of our technical team with expertise in alluvial diamond exploration. Further analysis of the campaign’s results and inspection of collected samples indicated the existence of a diamond-rich zone within the drilled area. Satellite markers for diamonds, such as limonite, rutilite and tourmalinite, among others, were observed in all samples recovered within this diamond-rich zone. The Jequitinhonha River Valley where this mineral right is located has been a well-known source of gem-quality alluvial diamonds for over two centuries.

 

Events Subsequent to the End of the Third Quarter 2018

 

1) On October 1, 2018, our CEO, Marc Fogassa, gave a presentation on Brazil Minerals at the MicroCap Conference in New York City. Mr. Fogassa provided an overview of our business model and growth strategy.

 

2) On October 8, 2018, we announced the addition of Valéria da Rocha to our Brazil-based team. Ms. Rocha is an expert in the initial licensing of new mines with various Brazilian government regulators. She reports to our chief executive officer and works alongside mining engineers and geologists in preparing all that is needed for advancing our projects from planning to full operations. Ms. Rocha also consults with our subsidiary Jupiter Gold Corporation (OTC: JUPGF). She previously worked for a Brazilian partnership with gold and iron mines, and before that as consultant to several large mining companies.

 

3) On October 16, 2018, we announced that we had been granted by the local mining authority the Exploration Permit for our 288-acre lithium project located in the region of Salinas, state of Minas Gerais, in Brazil, allowing us to proceed towards a ground study campaign. Our project is located within a mining district which was extensively researched by CPRM (“Companhia de Pesquisa de Recursos Minerais”), the government-funded Geological Survey of Brazil, and singled out for high levels of lithium mineralization. In this district, the identified lithium deposits are associated with pegmatite formations, and lepidolite, petalite, and spodumene mineralization.

 

4) On November 5, 2018, we announced that we had advanced on mining licensing requirements for our new gold and diamond project in northern Minas Gerais state in Brazil. We have had positive meetings with regulators and we are now engaged in finalizing an application for an initial commercial mining operation in the area, which is expected to begin in 2019.

 

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Results of Operations

 

The Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 Compared to the Three Months ended September 30, 2017

 

During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, we had revenues of $21,172 as compared to revenues of $17,933 during the quarter ended September 30, 2017, an increase of 18.1%. This increase is explained by the initial production of diamonds and gold from a new locale in the Company’s mining concession.

 

Our consolidated cost of goods sold during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was $27,229, consisting entirely of production expenses, as compared to our consolidated cost of goods sold during the quarter ended September 30, 2017 of $36,651, a decrease of 25.7%. This was attributable to improved efficiencies in our mining processes, as well as a decrease in machinery repair costs.

 

Our gross loss during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was $6,057, as compared to our gross loss during the quarter ended September 30, 2017 of $18,718, a decrease of 67.6%.

 

We had an aggregate of $279,240 in operating expenses during the quarter ended September 30, 2018, as compared to an aggregate of $394,162 in operating expenses during the quarter ended September 30, 2017, a decrease of 29.2%. This change was due primarily to a decrease in professional fees and stock-based compensation when compared to the prior year period.

 

During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, we had total other expenses of $228,115 as compared to $156,161 during the comparable quarter of 2017, an increase of 46.1%. This change was due primarily to higher interest costs incurred on our promissory notes due to the accrual and payment of stated rates and amortization of debt discounts when compared to the same period in 2017.

 

During the third quarter of 2018, we experienced a net loss attributable to our common stockholders of $459,605, as compared to a net loss of $494,395 during the third quarter of 2017, a decrease of 7.0%.

 

On a per share basis (both basic and diluted), during the third quarter of 2018, we had net loss per share attributable to our common stockholders of $0.00, as compared to a net loss per share attributable to our common stockholders of $0.01 in the third quarter of 2017.

 

The Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 Compared to the Nine Months ended September 30, 2017

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we had revenues of $28,472 as compared to revenues of $30,387 during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, a decrease of 6.3%. This decrease is explained partially by the nationwide trucker strike that affected all state and federal highways including the ones near our operations, preventing movement of trucks, and with lack of fuel delivery to gas stations, regular cars were also affected. Partially offsetting the decrease, however, was an increase in revenues.

 

Our consolidated cost of goods sold during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $96,313, consisting entirely of production expenses, as compared to our consolidated cost of goods sold during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 of $113,528, a decrease of 15.2%. This was attributable to improved efficiencies in our mining processes, as well as a decrease in machinery repair costs.

 

Our gross loss during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $67,841, as compared to our gross loss during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 of $83,141, an increase of 18.4%.

 

 

 

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We had an aggregate of $751,434 in operating expenses during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to an aggregate of $769,930 in operating expenses during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, a decrease of 2.4%. This change was due primarily to a decrease in professional fees incurred when compared to the prior year period.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we had total other expenses of $563,552 as compared to $359,582 during the comparable nine months of 2017, an increase of 56.7%. This change was due primarily to higher interest costs incurred on our promissory notes due to the accrual and payment of stated rates and amortization of debt discounts when compared to the same period in 2017.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we experienced a net loss attributable to our common stockholders of $1,267,669, as compared to a net loss of $1,122,029 during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, an increase of 13.0%.

 

On a per share basis (both basic and diluted), during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we had net loss per share attributable to our common stockholders of $0.01, as compared to a net loss per share attributable to our common stockholders of $0.02 during the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of September 30, 2018, we had total current assets of $64,531 compared to total current liabilities of $1,839,887 for a current ratio of 0.04 to 1 and negative working capital of $1,775,356. By comparison, on September 30, 2017, we had total current assets of $260,288 compared to current liabilities of $1,434,466 for a current ratio of 0.18 to 1 and negative working capital of $1,174,178.

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $337,292 in the first nine months of 2018, as compared to $549,415 in the first nine months of 2017. Net cash used in investing activities was $1,976 in the first nine months of 2018, as compared to $37,991 used in the first nine months of 2017. Net cash provided by financing activities was $212,915 in the first nine months of 2018, as compared to $714,909 in the first nine months of 2017.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, our sources of liquidity were derived from revenues, proceeds from debt issued, and proceeds of equity issuances to a subsidiary. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on our ability to generated cash from revenues, and/or to successfully sell equity and/or debt, all of which provide cash flow for operations. We believe that we will continue to be successful in these efforts but there can be no assurance. We have no plans for any significant cash acquisitions for the remainder of 2018 or in the foreseeable future.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We currently have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, loans to a related party, accrued expenses, and an amount due to a director. The carrying amount of these financial instruments approximates fair value due either to length of maturity or interest rates that approximate prevailing market rates unless otherwise disclosed in our financial statements. If our estimate of the fair value is incorrect at September 30, 2018, it could negatively affect our financial position and liquidity and could result in our having understated our net loss.

 

 

 

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.  Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 of the financial statements. We have reviewed all recent accounting pronouncements issued to the date of the issuance of these financial statements, and we do not believe any of these pronouncements will have a material impact on us.

 

 

Item 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

None

 

 

Item 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Pursuant to Item 305(e) of Regulation S-K (§ 229.305(e)), the Company is not required to provide the information required by this Item as it is a "smaller reporting company," as defined by Rule 229.10(f)(1).

 

 

Item 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the design, operation, and effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act as of September 30, 2018. On the basis of that evaluation, management concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act") is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission"), and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure were not effective for the reasons described in Item 4(b), but we intend to make them effective by the actions described in Item 4(b).

 

(b) Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Our internal control system is designed to provide reasonable assurance to management and to our Board of Directors regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements. Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on his evaluation under the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013), he concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of September 30, 2018.

   

(c) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred in the third quarter of 2018 that materially affected, or would be reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

 

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(d)  Limitations of the Effectiveness of Internal Controls

 

The effectiveness of the Company's system of disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting is subject to certain limitations, including the exercise of judgment in designing, implementing and evaluating the control system, the assumptions used in identifying the likelihood of future events, and the inability to eliminate fraud and misconduct completely. As a result, there can be no assurance that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting will detect all errors or fraud. However, the Company's control systems have been designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives, and the Company's Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer have concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting are effective at the reasonable assurance level.

 

 

 

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PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 6.    EXHIBITS

 

(a) Exhibits

 

Exhibit

Number 

   Description
     
31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

 

 

 

 

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned there unto duly authorized.

 

  BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.  
       
Date: November 19, 2018 By: /s/ Marc Fogassa  
    Marc Fogassa  
    Chief Executive Officer  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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