0001140361-23-041044.txt : 20230823 0001140361-23-041044.hdr.sgml : 20230823 20230823173033 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001140361-23-041044 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 8-K PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 14 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20230823 ITEM INFORMATION: Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement ITEM INFORMATION: Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant ITEM INFORMATION: Financial Statements and Exhibits FILED AS OF DATE: 20230823 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20230823 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: PBF Energy Inc. CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001534504 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: PETROLEUM REFINING [2911] IRS NUMBER: 000000000 STATE OF INCORPORATION: DE FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 8-K SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-35764 FILM NUMBER: 231198436 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 1 SYLVAN WAY CITY: PARSIPPANY STATE: NJ ZIP: 07054 BUSINESS PHONE: 973-455-7500 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 1 SYLVAN WAY CITY: PARSIPPANY STATE: NJ ZIP: 07054 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: PBF Holding Co LLC CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001566011 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: PETROLEUM REFINING [2911] IRS NUMBER: 272198168 STATE OF INCORPORATION: DE FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 8-K SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 333-186007 FILM NUMBER: 231198437 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: ONE SYLVAN WAY, SECOND FLOOR CITY: PARSIPPANY STATE: NJ ZIP: 07054 BUSINESS PHONE: 973-455-7500 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: ONE SYLVAN WAY, SECOND FLOOR CITY: PARSIPPANY STATE: NJ ZIP: 07054 8-K 1 brhc20057921_8k.htm 8-K

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 


FORM 8-K
 


CURRENT REPORT
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported):  August 23, 2023

PBF ENERGY INC.
PBF HOLDING COMPANY LLC
 
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
Delaware
001-35764
45-3763855
Delaware
333-186007
27-2198168
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)
(Commission File Number)
(IRS Employer Identification No.)



One Sylvan Way, Second Floor
Parsippany, New Jersey 07054
(Address of the Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(973) 455-7500
 (Registrant’s Telephone Number, including area code)

N/A
(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)



Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):


Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 

Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of The Act:
 
Title of each class
Trading Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.001
PBF
New York Stock Exchange
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b‑2 of this chapter).
 
 Emerging growth company 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐



Item 1.01.
Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.

Senior Secured Revolving Credit Agreement

On August 23, 2023, PBF Holding Company LLC (“PBF Holding”), a subsidiary of PBF Energy Company LLC and PBF Energy Inc., together with certain of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, as borrowers or subsidiary guarantors (collectively with PBF Holding, “PBF” or the “Company”) entered into an amended and restated asset-based revolving credit agreement, among PBF, Bank of America, National Association (“BofA”), as administrative agent, and certain other lenders (the “2023 Revolving Loan”). The 2023 Revolving Loan replaced the existing Senior Secured Revolving Credit Agreement, dated as of May 2, 2018 (as amended by that certain First Amendment to Senior Secured Revolving Credit Agreement, dated as of February 18, 2020 and the Second Amendment dated as of May 7, 2020 and the Third Amendment dated May 25, 2022, the “Existing Credit Agreement”).

The 2023 Revolving Loan has a maximum commitment of $3.5 billion and a maturity date of August 2028.  The commitment fees on the unused portion, the interest rate on advances and the fees for letters of credit are generally consistent with the Existing Credit Agreement. The 2023 Revolving Loan contains representations, warranties and covenants by PBF Holding and the other borrowers, as well as customary events of default and indemnification obligations that are consistent with those in the Existing Credit Agreement

BofA serves as the administrative agent under the 2023 Revolving Loan for the bank syndicate participating in the facility. Certain of the banks included in the syndicate participating in the facility and their respective affiliates have in the past provided, are currently providing and in the future may continue to provide, investment banking, commercial banking and other financial services to PBF and its affiliates in the ordinary course of business for which they have received and may in the future receive customary compensation.

The foregoing description is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the 2023 Revolving Loan, which is filed as Exhibit 10.1 to this current report on Form 8-K and incorporated in this Item 1.01 by reference.

Item 2.03
Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.

The disclosure set forth under Item 1.01 of this current report on Form 8-K is incorporated by reference herein.

Forward-Looking Statements
 
Statements contained in the exhibit to this report reflecting the Company’s or its management’s expectations or predictions relating to future plans, results, performance, achievements and the like are considered “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which may be beyond the Company’s control, that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Factors and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ include but are not limited to the risks disclosed in the Company’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date hereof. The Company undertakes no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements except as may be required by applicable law.

Item 9.01
Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d) Exhibits

 
Exhibit No.
 
Description
   
Amended and Restated Senior Secured Revolving Credit Agreement, dated August 23, 2023.
       
 
104
 
Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL).

*  Certain schedules and exhibits have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. The Company agrees to furnish supplementally a copy of any omitted schedule or exhibit to the SEC upon request.


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrants have duly caused this report to be signed on their behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

Date:
August 23, 2023
PBF Energy Inc.
   
(Registrant)

 
By:
/s/ Trecia M. Canty
 
 
Name:
Trecia M. Canty
 
Title:
Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary

Date:
August 23, 2023
PBF Holding Company LLC
   
(Registrant)

 
By:
/s/ Trecia M. Canty
 
 
Name:
Trecia M. Canty
 
Title:
Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary



EX-10.1 2 brhc20057921_ex10-1.htm EXHIBIT 10.1
Exhibit 10.1

EXECUTION VERSION

AMENDED AND RESTATED SENIOR SECURED REVOLVING CREDIT AGREEMENT
 
dated as of August 23, 2023
 
among
 
PBF HOLDING COMPANY LLC,
DELAWARE CITY REFINING COMPANY LLC,
PAULSBORO REFINING COMPANY LLC,
TOLEDO REFINING COMPANY LLC,
CHALMETTE REFINING, L.L.C.,
TORRANCE REFINING COMPANY LLC, and
MARTINEZ REFINING COMPANY LLC,
as Borrowers,
and
 
THE OTHER LOAN PARTIES PARTY HERETO,
as Loan Parties,
 
THE LENDERS PARTY HERETO,
 
BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.,
as Administrative Agent, Collateral Agent, and as Swingline Lender,
 
BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.,
CITIBANK, N.A.,
MUFG BANK, LTD.,
WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
NYCB SPECIALTY FINANCE COMPANY, LLC,
BANK OZK,
BARCLAYS BANK PLC,
PNC BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
REGIONS BANK,
SUMITOMO MITSUI BANKING CORPORATION, and
TRUIST SECURITIES, INC.,
as Joint Lead Arrangers and Joint Bookrunners

GOLDMAN SACHS BANK USA, and
U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
as Joint Bookrunners,
 
and
 
COOPERATIVE RABOBANK U.A., NEW YORK BRANCH,
FIFTH THIRD BANK,
HSBC BANK USA, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
M&T BANK, and
THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA,
as Co-Documentation Agents

Winston & Strawn LLP
200 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10166
 

Table of Contents
(continued)

    Page
     
Article I DEFINITIONS
 
1
 
Section 1.01
Defined Terms.
1
 
Section 1.02
Classification of Loans and Borrowings.
49
 
Section 1.03
Terms Generally.
49
 
Section 1.04
Accounting Terms; GAAP.
50
 
Section 1.05
Resolution of Drafting Ambiguities.
50
 
Section 1.06
Pro Forma Calculations; Limited Condition Transactions.
50
 
Section 1.07
Divisions.
52
Article II THE CREDITS
53
 
Section 2.01
Commitments.
53
 
Section 2.02
Loans.
53
 
Section 2.03
Borrowing Procedure.
55
 
Section 2.04
Evidence of Debt; Repayment of Loans.
56
 
Section 2.05
Fees.
57
 
Section 2.06
Interest on Loans.
58
 
Section 2.07
Termination and Reduction of Commitments.
58
 
Section 2.08
Interest Elections.
59
 
Section 2.09
[Intentionally Omitted].
60
 
Section 2.10
Optional and Mandatory Prepayments of Loans.
60
 
Section 2.11
Inability to Determine Rate; Successor Rates.
62
 
Section 2.12
Yield Protection.
64
 
Section 2.13
Breakage Payments.
65
 
Section 2.14
Payments Generally; Pro Rata Treatment; Sharing of Setoffs.
66
 
Section 2.15
Taxes.
68
 
Section 2.16
Mitigation Obligations; Replacement of Lenders.
71
 
Section 2.17
Swingline Loans.
72
 
Section 2.18
Letters of Credit.
74
 
Section 2.19
Defaulting Lenders.
81
 
Section 2.20
Increase in Commitments.
83
 
Section 2.21
Determination of Borrowing Base.
86
 
Section 2.22
Accounts; Cash Management.
91
Article III REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
93
 
Section 3.01
Organization; Powers.
93
 
Section 3.02
Authorization; Enforceability.
93
 
Section 3.03
No Conflicts.
93
 
Section 3.04
Financial Statements; Projections.
94
 
Section 3.05
Properties.
94
 
Section 3.06
[Reserved]
95
 
Section 3.07
Equity Interests.
95
 
Section 3.08
Litigation; Compliance with Laws.
95
 
Section 3.09
[Reserved].
95
 
Section 3.10
Federal Reserve Regulations.
95
 
Section 3.11
Investment Company Act.
95
 
Section 3.12
Use of Proceeds.
95
 
Section 3.13
Taxes.
95
 
Section 3.14
No Material Misstatements.
96
 
Section 3.15
Labor Matters.
96
 
Section 3.16
Solvency.
96

i

Table of Contents
(continued)

      Page
       
 
Section 3.17
Employee Benefit Plans.
97
 
Section 3.18
Environmental Matters.
97
 
Section 3.19
Insurance.
99
 
Section 3.20
Security Documents.
99
 
Section 3.21
Anti-Terrorism Laws.
100
 
Section 3.22
Location of Material Inventory.
100
 
Section 3.23
Accuracy of Borrowing Base.
100
Article IV CONDITIONS TO CREDIT EXTENSIONS
101
 
Section 4.01
Conditions to Effectiveness and Initial Credit Extension.
101
 
Section 4.02
Conditions to All Credit Extensions.
102
 
Section 4.03
Conditions to Initial Credit Extension to an Eligible Subsidiary.
103
Article V AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS
104
 
Section 5.01
Financial Statements, Reports, etc.
104
 
Section 5.02
Litigation and Other Notices.
106
 
Section 5.03
Existence; Businesses and Properties.
107
 
Section 5.04
Insurance.
108
 
Section 5.05
Obligations and Taxes.
108
 
Section 5.06
Employee Benefits.
109
 
Section 5.07
Maintaining Records; Access to Properties and Inspections; Annual Meetings.
109
 
Section 5.08
Use of Proceeds.
110
 
Section 5.09
Compliance with Environmental Laws; Environmental Reports.
110
 
Section 5.10
Additional Collateral; Additional Guarantors.
111
 
Section 5.11
Security Interests; Further Assurances.
112
 
Section 5.12
Information Regarding Collateral.
112
 
Section 5.13
[Reserved].
112
 
Section 5.14
Affirmative Covenants with Respect to Leases.
113
 
Section 5.15
Borrowing Base-Related Reports.
113
 
Section 5.16
Collateral Field Examinations.
114
 
Section 5.17
[Reserved]
114
 
Section 5.18
Designation of Borrowers and Excluded Subsidiaries.
114
Article VI NEGATIVE COVENANTS
115
 
Section 6.01
Indebtedness.
115
 
Section 6.02
Liens.
119
 
Section 6.03
Sale and Leaseback Transactions.
123
 
Section 6.04
Investment, Loan, Advances and Acquisition.
123
 
Section 6.05
Mergers and Consolidations.
125
 
Section 6.06
Asset Sales.
126
 
Section 6.07
Dividends.
128
 
Section 6.08
Transactions with Affiliates.
130
 
Section 6.09
Financial Covenant.
131
 
Section 6.10
Prepayments of Other Indebtedness; Modifications of Organizational Documents and Other Documents, etc.
132
 
Section 6.11
Limitation on Certain Restrictions on Subsidiary Guarantors.
132
 
Section 6.12
Business.
133
 
Section 6.13
Fiscal Year.
133
 
Section 6.14
Compliance with Anti-Terrorism Laws.
133
 
ii

Table of Contents
(continued)

  Page
   
Article VII GUARANTEE
134
 
Section 7.01
The Guarantee.
134
 
Section 7.02
Obligations Unconditional.
134
 
Section 7.03
Reinstatement.
136
 
Section 7.04
Subrogation; Subordination.
136
 
Section 7.05
Remedies.
136
 
Section 7.06
Instrument for the Payment of Money.
136
 
Section 7.07
Continuing Guarantee.
136
 
Section 7.08
General Limitation on Guarantee Obligations.
136
 
Section 7.09
Release of Loan Parties.
137
 
Section 7.10
Right of Contribution.
137
Article VIII EVENTS OF DEFAULT
137
 
Section 8.01
Events of Default.
137
 
Section 8.02
Application of Proceeds.
140
Article IX THE ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT AND THE COLLATERAL AGENTS
141
 
Section 9.01
Appointment and Authority.
141
 
Section 9.02
Rights as a Lender.
141
 
Section 9.03
Exculpatory Provisions.
142
 
Section 9.04
Reliance by Agent.
142
 
Section 9.05
Delegation of Duties.
143
 
Section 9.06
Resignation of Agent.
143
 
Section 9.07
Non-Reliance on Agent and Other Lenders.
144
 
Section 9.08
Withholding Tax.
144
 
Section 9.09
No Other Duties, etc.
145
 
Section 9.10
Enforcement.
145
 
Section 9.11
Recovery of Erroneous Payments.
145
Article X MISCELLANEOUS
146
 
Section 10.01
Notices.
146
 
Section 10.02
Waivers; Amendment.
149
 
Section 10.03
Expenses; Indemnity; Damage Waiver.
152
 
Section 10.04
Successors and Assigns.
155
 
Section 10.05
Survival of Agreement.
158
 
Section 10.06
Counterparts; Integration; Effectiveness; Electronic Records.
158
 
Section 10.07
Severability.
159
 
Section 10.08
Right of Setoff.
159
 
Section 10.09
Governing Law; Jurisdiction; Consent to Service of Process.
160
 
Section 10.10
Waiver of Jury Trial.
160
 
Section 10.11
Headings.
160
 
Section 10.12
Treatment of Certain Information; Confidentiality.
161
 
Section 10.13
USA PATRIOT Act Notice and Customer Verification.
161
 
Section 10.14
Interest Rate Limitation.
161
 
Section 10.15
Acknowledgment and Consent to Bail-In of EEA Financial Institutions.
162
 
Section 10.16
Obligations Absolute.
162
 
Section 10.17
Intercreditor Agreements.
163
 
Section 10.18
Release of Collateral.
163
 
Section 10.19
Permitted Amendments.
163
 
Section 10.20
Acknowledgement Regarding Supported QFCs.
164
 
Section 10.21
Amendment and Restatement; Reaffirmation.
164

iii

ANNEXES
Annex I
Applicable Margin
Annex II
Account Debtors
Annex III
Hydrocarbon Inventory Insurance
Annex IV
Revolving Commitments
 
SCHEDULES
Schedule 1.01(a)
Existing Letters of Credit
Schedule 1.01(b)
Intercreditor Agreements
Schedule 1.01(c)
MLP Drop Down and Railcar Assets
Schedule 1.01(d)
Subsidiary Guarantors
Schedule 1.01(e)
Excluded Subsidiaries
Schedule 2.22
Blocked Accounts
Schedule 3.03
Governmental Approvals; Compliance with Laws
Schedule 3.08
Litigation
Schedule 3.18
Environmental Matters
Schedule 3.19
Insurance
Schedule 3.22
Material Inventory
Schedule 5.01
Internet or Website Address
Schedule 6.01(b)
Existing Indebtedness
Schedule 6.01(e)
Existing Railcar Financings
Schedule 6.02(c)
Existing Liens
Schedule 6.04(b)
Existing Investments
Schedule 6.08
Transactions with Affiliates
 
EXHIBITS
Exhibit A
Form of Administrative Questionnaire
Exhibit B
Form of Assignment and Assumption
Exhibit C
Form of Borrowing Request
Exhibit D
Form of Compliance Certificate
Exhibit E
Form of Interest Election Request
Exhibit F
Form of Joinder Agreement
Exhibit G
Form of Landlord Access Agreement
Exhibit H
Form of LC Request
Exhibit I
[Reserved]
Exhibit J
[Reserved]
Exhibit K-1
Form of Revolving Note
Exhibit K-2
Form of Swingline Note
Exhibit L-1
Form of Perfection Certificate
Exhibit L-2
Form of Perfection Certificate Supplement
Exhibit M
[Reserved]
Exhibit N
[Reserved]
Exhibit O
Form of Solvency Certificate
Exhibit P
Form of Intercompany Note
Exhibit Q
Form of Non-Bank Certificate
Exhibit R
Form of Borrowing Base Certificate

iv

AMENDED AND RESTATED SENIOR SECURED REVOLVING CREDIT AGREEMENT
 
This AMENDED AND RESTATED SENIOR SECURED REVOLVING CREDIT AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”) dated as of August 23, 2023, among PBF Holding Company LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Holdings”), Delaware City Refining Company LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Delaware City”), Paulsboro Refining Company LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Paulsboro”), Toledo Refining Company LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Toledo”), Chalmette Refining, L.L.C., a Delaware limited liability company (“Chalmette”), and Torrance Refining Company LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Torrance”), Martinez Refining Company LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Martinez” and, together with Holdings, Delaware City, Paulsboro, Toledo, Chalmette and Torrance, “Borrowers” and each individually, a “Borrower”), the Subsidiary Guarantors (such term and each other capitalized term used but not defined herein having the meaning given to it in Article I), the Lenders and Bank of America, N.A., as an Issuing Bank, Administrative Agent (in such capacity, the “Administrative Agent”), Collateral Agent (in such capacity, the “Collateral Agent”), and as Swingline Lender (in such capacity, the “Swingline Lender”).
 
WITNESSETH:
 
WHEREAS, Holdings, Delaware City, Paulsboro, Toledo, Chalmette, Torrance and Martinez, as Borrowers, are parties to that certain Senior Secured Revolving Credit Agreement, dated as of May 2, 2018 (the “Original Effective Date”) (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified prior to the date hereof, the “Existing Revolving Credit Agreement”).
 
WHEREAS, the Borrowers wish to amend and restate, but not repay, the Existing Revolving Credit Agreement in its entirety and have requested that the Lenders amend and restate the Existing Revolving Credit Agreement on the terms set forth herein.
 
NOW, THEREFORE, the Lenders are willing to provide such credit facility to Borrowers and the Issuing Banks are willing to issue letters of credit for the account of Borrowers on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein. Accordingly, the parties hereto agree as follows:
 
ARTICLE I
 
DEFINITIONS
 
Section 1.01         Defined Terms.
 
As used in this Agreement, the following terms shall have the meanings specified below:
 
2028 Senior Notes” shall mean those certain 6.00% Senior Notes due 2028 issued January 24, 2020, by Holdings and PBF Finance in an aggregate principal amount of $1,000,000,000.
 
2030 Senior Notes” shall mean those certain 7.875% Senior Notes due 2030 issued August 21, 2023, by Holdings and PBF Finance in an aggregate principal amount of $500,000,000.
 
ABR”, when used in reference to any Loan or Borrowing, is used when such Loan, or the Loans comprising such Borrowing, are bearing interest at a rate determined by reference to the Alternate Base Rate.
 
ABR Borrowing” shall mean a Borrowing comprised of ABR Loans.
 
1

ABR Loan” shall mean any ABR Revolving Loan.
 
ABR Revolving Loan” shall mean any Revolving Loan bearing interest at a rate determined by reference to the Alternate Base Rate in accordance with the provisions of Article II.
 
Accepting Lenders” shall have the meaning provided in Section 10.19(a).
 
Account Debtor” shall mean any person who may become obligated to another person under, with respect to, or on account of, an Account.
 
Accounts” shall mean all “accounts,” as such term is defined in the UCC as in effect on the date hereof in the State of New York, in which such Person now or hereafter has rights.
 
Accounts Availability” shall have the meaning set forth in the definition of “Borrowing Base”.
 
Acquired EBITDA” shall mean, with respect to any Acquired Entity or Business or any Converted Subsidiary for any period, the amount for such period of Consolidated EBITDA of such Acquired Entity or Business or Converted Subsidiary, as applicable, all as determined on a consolidated basis for such Acquired Entity or Business or Converted Subsidiary, as applicable.
 
Acquired Entity or Business” has the meaning specified in the definition of the term “Consolidated EBITDA.”
 
Acquisition Agreement” shall mean any purchase, merger, acquisition or other similar agreement for purposes of documenting a Permitted Acquisition or other Investment or acquisition not prohibited by this Agreement.
 
Activation Notice” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.22.
 
Administrative Agent” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the preamble hereto and includes each other person appointed as the successor pursuant to Article IX.
 
Administrative Agent Fee” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(b).
 
Administrative Borrower” shall mean Holdings or any successor entity serving in that role pursuant to Section 2.03.
 
Administrative Questionnaire” shall mean an Administrative Questionnaire in substantially the form of Exhibit A.
 
Affected Financial Institution” shall mean any EEA Financial Institution or UK Financial Institution
 
Affiliate” shall mean, when used with respect to a specified person, another person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, Controls or is Controlled by or is under common Control with the person specified. In no event shall any Agent or Lender be deemed to be an Affiliate of any Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries.
 
Agents” shall mean the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent; and “Agent” shall mean any of them.
 
2

Agreement” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the preamble hereto.
 
Alternate Base Rate” shall mean, for any day, a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the greatest of (a) the Base Rate in effect on such day, (b) the Federal Funds Effective Rate in effect on such day plus 0.50% and (c) Term SOFR for an Interest Period of one-month beginning on such day (or if such day is not a Business Day, on the immediately preceding Business Day) plus 100 basis points. If the Administrative Agent shall have determined (which determination shall be prima facie evidence thereof absent manifest error) that it is unable to ascertain the Federal Funds Effective Rate for any reason, including the inability or failure of the Administrative Agent to obtain sufficient quotations in accordance with the terms of the definition thereof, the Alternate Base Rate shall be determined without regard to clause (b) of the preceding sentence until the circumstances giving rise to such inability no longer exist. Any change in the Alternate Base Rate due to a change in the Base Rate or the Federal Funds Effective Rate shall be effective on the effective date of such change in the Base Rate or the Federal Funds Effective Rate, respectively.
 
Anti-Bribery Laws” shall mean the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (15 U.S.C. § 78dd-1, et seq.) and any other similar U.S. federal laws.
 
Anti-Terrorism Laws” shall mean any Requirement of Law related to terrorism financing or money laundering including the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act (“USA PATRIOT Act”) of 2001 (Title III of Pub. L. 107-56), The Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act (also known as the “Bank Secrecy Act”, 31 U.S.C. §§ 5311-5330 and 12 U.S.C. §§ 1818(s), 1820(b) and 1951-1959), the Trading With the Enemy Act (50 U.S.C. § 1 et seq., as amended) and Executive Order 13224 (effective September 24, 2001).
 
Applicable Fee” shall mean, for any day, with respect to the aggregate Commitments, a per annum rate equal to (a) 0.375%, if the average daily Revolving Exposure for all Lenders was 20% or less of the Revolving Commitments of all Lenders during the preceding calendar quarter, or (b) 0.25% if the average daily Revolving Exposure for all Lenders was more than 20% of the Revolving Commitments of all Lenders during the preceding calendar quarter.
 
Applicable Letter of Credit Fee” shall mean, for any day, with respect to the aggregate outstanding Letters of Credit, the applicable percentage set forth in Annex I under the appropriate caption.
 
Applicable Margin” shall mean, for any day, with respect to any Revolving Loan the applicable percentage set forth in Annex I under the appropriate caption.
 
Approved Fund” shall mean any Fund that is administered or managed by (a) a Lender, (b) an Affiliate of a Lender or (c) an entity or an Affiliate of an entity that administers or manages a Lender.
 
3

Asset Sale” shall mean, in each case to the extent in excess of $60,000,000 in respect of a transaction or a series of related transactions: (a) any conveyance, sale, assignment, transfer or other disposition (including by way of merger or consolidation and including any Sale and Leaseback Transaction) of any property (but excluding in any event sales of inventory, transactions pursuant to the Off-Take Agreements and/or the Oil Supply Agreements, dispositions of cash and cash equivalents (including Cash Equivalents but excluding payments made in cash or Cash Equivalents to the extent such payments are not prohibited by the terms of this Agreement) and licenses of any Intellectual Property by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business) and (b) any issuance or sale of any Equity Interests of any Subsidiary of Holdings, in each case, to any person other than (x) Borrowers, (y) any Subsidiary Guarantor or (z) other than for purposes of Section 6.06, any other Subsidiary. For the avoidance of doubt, the granting of a Permitted Lien shall not constitute an “Asset Sale.” Notwithstanding the foregoing, “Asset Sale” shall not include the sale (A) in the ordinary course of business of (i) Accounts of non-Investment Grade foreign Account Debtors that are not Eligible Accounts, (ii) Accounts of Investment Grade foreign Account Debtors that are not Eligible Accounts and that have payment terms in excess of 10 days and (iii) Accounts of domestic Account Debtors that are not Eligible Accounts and which Account Debtors have been reasonably approved by, and upon prior written notice to, the Administrative Agent, in an aggregate amount for all such sales in any twelve month period not to exceed $25,000,000 and (B) of Designated Accounts Receivable; provided, that all sales of such Accounts under clauses (A)(i), (ii) and (iii) and clause (B) shall be structured as non-recourse, true sales and, in the case of sales under clause (B), such sales shall be permitted under Section 6.06(a)(ii). Upon Administrative Agent’s reasonable written request, from time to time, Administrative Borrower shall provide reporting in scope and detail reasonably acceptable to Administrative Agent regarding sales of Accounts under clauses (A)(i), (ii) and (iii) and clause (B) in the immediately preceding sentence.
 
Assignment and Assumption” shall mean an assignment and assumption entered into by a Lender and an Eligible Assignee (with the consent of any party whose consent is required by Section 10.04(b)), and accepted by the Administrative Agent, in substantially the form of Exhibit B, or any other form approved by the Administrative Agent.
 
Attributable Indebtedness” shall mean, when used with respect to any Sale and Leaseback Transaction, as at the time of determination, the present value (discounted at a rate equivalent to Holdings’ and its Subsidiaries’ then-current weighted average cost of funds for borrowed money as at the time of determination, compounded on a semi-annual basis) of the total obligations of the lessee for rental payments during the remaining term of the lease included in any such Sale and Leaseback Transaction.
 
Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.18(c)(iii).
 
Bail-In Action” shall mean the exercise of any Write-Down and Conversion Powers by the applicable Resolution Authority in respect of any liability of an Affected Financial Institution.
 
Bail-In Legislation” shall mean, with respect to (a) any EEA Member Country implementing Article 55 of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union, the implementing law for such EEA Member Country from time to time which is described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule, or (b) the United Kingdom, Part I of the United Kingdom Banking Act 2009 and any other law applicable in the United Kingdom relating to the resolution of unsound or failing banks, investment firms or other financial institutions or their affiliates (other than through liquidation, administration or other insolvency proceedings).
 
Base Rate” shall mean, for any day, a rate per annum that is equal to the corporate base rate of interest established by the Administrative Agent from time to time; each change in the Base Rate shall be effective on the date such change is effective. The corporate base rate is not necessarily the lowest rate charged by the Administrative Agent to its customers.
 
Blocked Accounts” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.22.
 
Board” shall mean the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States.
 
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Board of Directors” shall mean, with respect to any person, (i) in the case of any corporation, the board of directors of such person, (ii) in the case of any limited liability company, the board of managers of such person, (iii) in the case of any partnership, the Board of Directors of the general partner of such person and (iv) in any other case, the functional equivalent of the foregoing.
 
Borrower” and “Borrowers” shall have the meanings assigned to such terms in the preamble hereto and shall include any Eligible Subsidiary which becomes a Borrower pursuant to Section 2.20(b)(iv), Section 5.18(a) and Section 4.03 from time to time.
 
Borrowing” shall mean (a) Loans of the same Class and Type, made, converted or continued on the same date and, in the case of Term SOFR Loans, as to which a single Interest Period is in effect, or (b) a Swingline Loan.
 
Borrowing Availability” shall mean at any time the Line Cap less the aggregate Revolving Exposure of all Lenders at such time.
 
Borrowing Base” shall mean at any time, subject to adjustment as provided in Section 2.21, an amount equal to the sum of, without duplication:
 
(a)          the book value of Eligible Accounts of the Borrowers with respect to investment grade obligors multiplied by the advance rate of 90%, plus,
 
(b)         the book value of Eligible Accounts of the Borrowers with respect to non-investment grade obligors multiplied by the advance rate of 85% (the sum of clause (a) and clause (b) are referred to as the “Accounts Availability”), plus,
 
(c)          the Cost of Eligible Hydrocarbon Inventory of the Borrowers multiplied by the advance rate of 80%, plus
 
(d)          100% of the cash and Cash Equivalents in deposit accounts subject to Control Agreements under Section 2.22, plus
 
(e)          the lesser of (1) 80% of the Eligible Positive Exchange Agreement Balance and (2) $60,000,000; plus
 
(f)          100% of the value of Paid But Unexpired Standby Letters of Credit, minus
 
(g)       the sum of (i) any Reserves established from time to time by the Collateral Agent in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Agreement, and (ii) Hedging Reserves.
 
The Borrowing Base at any time shall be determined by reference to the most recent Borrowing Base Certificate theretofore delivered to the Administrative Agent so long as the Borrowing Base is calculated in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.
 
Borrowing Base Cash” shall mean 100% of the cash and Cash Equivalents included in the Borrowing Base pursuant to the provisions of clause (d) of the definition of Borrowing Base.
 
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Borrowing Base Certificate” shall mean an Officers’ Certificate from Administrative Borrower, substantially in the form of, and containing the information prescribed by, Exhibit R, delivered to the Administrative Agent setting forth Borrowers’ calculation of the Borrowing Base.
 
Borrowing Request” shall mean a request by Administrative Borrower in accordance with the terms of Section 2.03 and substantially in the form of Exhibit C, or such other form as shall be approved by the Administrative Agent.
 
Business Day” shall mean any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which banks in New York City are authorized or required by law to close.
 
Capital Assets” shall mean, with respect to any person, all equipment, fixed assets and Real Property or improvements of such person, or replacements or substitutions therefor or additions thereto, that, in accordance with GAAP, have been or should be reflected as additions to property, plant or equipment on the balance sheet of such person.
 
Capital Expenditures” shall mean, for any period, without duplication, all expenditures made directly or indirectly by Borrowers and their Subsidiaries during such period for Capital Assets (whether paid in cash or other consideration, financed by the incurrence of Indebtedness or accrued as a liability) as determined in accordance with GAAP, but excluding (i) expenditures made in connection with the replacement, substitution or restoration of property pursuant to Section 2.10(d), (ii) any portion of such increase attributable solely to acquisitions of property, plant and equipment in Permitted Acquisitions, and (iii) any leases that as of the date hereof qualify as operating leases under GAAP (whether or not such leases are required to be accounted for as capital leases under GAAP after the date hereof). For purposes of this definition, the purchase price of equipment or other fixed assets that are purchased simultaneously with the trade-in of existing assets or with insurance proceeds shall be included in Capital Expenditures only to the extent of the gross amount by which such purchase price exceeds the credit granted by the seller of such assets for the assets being traded in at such time or the amount of such insurance proceeds, as the case may be.
 
Capital Lease Obligations” of any person shall mean the obligations of such person to pay rent or other amounts under any lease of (or other arrangement conveying the right to use) real or personal property, or a combination thereof, which obligations are required to be classified and accounted for as capital leases on a balance sheet of such person under GAAP, and the amount of such obligations shall be the capitalized amount thereof determined in accordance with GAAP.
 
Cash Equivalents” shall mean, as to any person,
 
(1)          securities issued or directly and fully and unconditionally guaranteed or insured by the United States government or any agency or instrumentality thereof the securities of which are unconditionally guaranteed as a full faith and credit obligation of such government with maturities of 12 months or less from the date of acquisition;
 
(2)         certificates of deposit, time deposits and eurodollar time deposits with maturities of one year or less from the date of acquisition, bankers’ acceptances with maturities not exceeding one year and overnight bank deposits, in each case with any domestic or foreign commercial bank in the United States having capital and surplus of not less than $500,000,000;
 
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(3)          repurchase obligations with a term of not more than 30 days for underlying securities of the types described in clauses (1) or (2) entered into with any financial institution meeting the qualifications specified in clause (2) above;
 
(4)          commercial paper rated at least P-1 by Moody’s Investors Service Inc. or at least A-1 by Standard & Poor’s Ratings Group and in each case maturing within 24 months after the date of creation thereof and Indebtedness or preferred stock issued by Persons with a rating of “A” or higher from Standard & Poor’s Ratings Group or “A2” or higher from Moody’s Investors Service Inc. with maturities of 24 months or less from the date of acquisition;
 
(5)          readily marketable direct obligations issued by any state, commonwealth or territory of the United States or any political subdivision or taxing authority thereof having a rating of “BBB+” or higher from Standard & Poor’s Ratings Group or “Baa1” or higher from Moody’s Investors Service Inc. with maturities of 24 months or less from the date of acquisition;
 
(6)          Investments with average maturities of 12 months or less from the date of acquisition in money market funds rated within the top three ratings category by Standard & Poor’s Ratings Group or Moody’s Investors Service Inc.; and
 
(7)          investment funds investing substantially all of their assets in securities and/or instruments of the types described in clauses (1) through (6) above.
 
Cash Interest Expense” shall mean, for any period, Consolidated Interest Expense for such period paid or payable in cash, and excluding in any event the sum of (a) interest on any debt paid by the increase in the principal amount of such debt including by issuance of additional debt of such kind or otherwise paid other than in cash, (b) items described in clause (c) or, other than to the extent paid in cash, clause (g) of the definition of “Consolidated Interest Expense” and (c) an amount equal to the gross interest income of Holdings and its Subsidiaries for such period.
 
Cash Management System” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.22.
 
Cash Trigger” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.22(i).
 
Casualty Event” shall mean any involuntary loss of title, any involuntary loss of, damage to or any destruction of, or any condemnation or other taking (including by any Governmental Authority) of, any property of Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries). “Casualty Event” shall include but not be limited to any taking of all or any part of any Real Property of Holdings or any Subsidiary (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) or any part thereof, in or by condemnation or other eminent domain proceedings pursuant to any Requirement of Law, or by reason of the temporary requisition of the use or occupancy of all or any part of any Real Property of any person or any part thereof by any Governmental Authority, civil or military, or any settlement in lieu thereof. For the avoidance of doubt, to the extent an event, with the passage of time (alone or in conjunction with other events) would result in the right of Holdings and/or any of its Subsidiaries to receive business interruption insurance, such event will to such extent not constitute a Casualty Event.
 
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Catalyst Assets” shall mean all existing and hereafter acquired catalyst assets and inventory, precious metals assets and precious metals inventory and all additions and accessions thereto, all proceeds resulting therefrom, including insurance proceeds, and all rights and privileges incident thereto.
 
CERCLA” shall mean the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended, 42 U.S.C. § 9601 et seq. and all implementing regulations.
 
“Certain Hydrocarbon Assets” shall mean crude oil, feedstock, indigenous feedstock and other hydrocarbon inventory of the same type supplied and sold to the Loan Parties by J. Aron & Company LLC and other Persons designated by the Borrowers for purposes of this definition from time to time and/or any of their respective Affiliates (or any permitted successor of the foregoing designated by the Borrowers for such purposes) (collectively, “Certain Hydrocarbon Asset Suppliers”), as applicable, in each instance, other than to the extent owned by Toledo, Paulsboro, Delaware City, Chalmette, Torrance and/or any other Loan Party, respectively, and all proceeds of such crude oil, feedstock, indigenous feedstock or other hydrocarbon inventory of the same type (it being understood and agreed that immediately upon any payment in cash to the Loan Parties in respect of such crude oil, feedstock or other hydrocarbon inventory of the same type, such proceeds shall cease to be “Certain Hydrocarbon Assets”). For the avoidance of doubt, Certain Hydrocarbon Assets shall not include Intermediate Products.
 
Certain Hydrocarbon Asset Suppliers” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the definition of “Certain Hydrocarbon Assets”.
 
Chalmette Facility” shall mean Chalmette’s petroleum refinery and all related assets and properties located in Chalmette, Louisiana.
 
A “Change in Control” shall be deemed to have occurred upon:
 
(a)         Holdings at any time ceases to own, directly or indirectly, 100% of the Equity Interests of Delaware City, Paulsboro, Toledo, Chalmette and Torrance, other than pursuant to a sale expressly permitted pursuant to Section 6.06(a);
 
(b)         the consummation of the sale, lease or transfer, in one or a series of related transactions, of all or substantially all of the assets of Holdings and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, to any Person or Persons;
 
(c)        the occurrence of both (A) the consummation of any transaction (including any merger or consolidation) the result of which is that any “person” (as such term is used in Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act) becomes the “beneficial owner” (as such term is defined in Rule 13d-3 and Rule 13d-5 under the Exchange Act), directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, of more than 50% of the voting power of the outstanding Voting Stock of Holdings or any of its direct or indirect parent companies holding directly or indirectly 100% of the total voting power of the Voting Stock of Holdings and (B) during any period of two consecutive years, individuals who at the beginning of such period constituted the Board of Directors of Holdings (together with any new directors whose election to such Board of Directors or whose nomination for election was approved by a vote of a majority of the members of the Board of Directors of Holdings, which members comprising such majority are then still in office and were either directors at the beginning of such period or whose election or nomination for election was previously so approved) cease for any reason to constitute a majority of the Board of Directors of Holdings; or
 
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  (d)        the consummation of a change of control under any Material Indebtedness;
 
provided, however, that a transaction in which Holdings becomes a Subsidiary of another Person (other than a Person that is an individual) shall not constitute a Change in Control if the shareholders of Holdings immediately prior to such transaction become the “beneficial owner” (as such term is defined in Rule 13d-3 and Rule 13d-5 under the Exchange Act), directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, of more than 50% of the voting power of the outstanding Voting Stock of Holdings or any of its direct or indirect parent companies holding directly or indirectly 100% of the total voting power of the Voting Stock of Holdings.
 
For purposes of this definition, a person shall not be deemed to have beneficial ownership of Equity Interests subject to a stock purchase agreement, merger agreement or similar agreement until the consummation of the transactions contemplated by such agreement.
 
Change in Law” shall mean the occurrence, after the date of this Agreement, of any of the following: (a) the adoption or taking into effect of any law, treaty, order, policy, rule or regulation, (b) any change in any law, treaty, order, policy, rule or regulation or in the administration, interpretation or application thereof by any Governmental Authority or (c) the making or issuance of any request, guideline or directive (whether or not having the force of law) by any Governmental Authority; provided, that notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, (x) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and all requests, rules, guidelines or directives thereunder or issued in connection therewith and (y) all requests, rules, guidelines or directives promulgated by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any successor or similar authority) or the United States or foreign regulatory authorities, in each case pursuant to Basel III, shall in each case be deemed to be a “Change in Law”, regardless of the date enacted, adopted or issued.
 
Charges” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.14.
 
Class,” when used in reference to any Loan or Borrowing, refers to whether such Loan, or the Loans comprising such Borrowing, are Revolving Loans, Incremental Revolving Loans or Swingline Loans and, when used in reference to any Commitment, refers to whether such Commitment is a Revolving Commitment or Swingline Commitment, in each case, under this Agreement as originally in effect or pursuant to Section 2.20, of which such Loan, Borrowing or Commitment shall be a part.
 
CME” shall mean CME Group Benchmark Administration Limited.
 
Code” shall mean the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
 
Co-Documentation Agents” shall mean COOPERATIVE RABOBANK U.A., New York Branch, Fifth Third Bank, HSBC Bank USA, National Association, KeyBank National Association, M&T Bank and The Bank of Nova Scotia, in each case in their respective capacity as a co-documentation agent hereunder.
 
Collateral” shall mean, collectively, all of the Security Agreement Collateral and all other property of whatever kind and nature subject or purported to be subject from time to time to a Lien under any Security Document. For the avoidance of doubt, “Collateral” does not include any assets of and any Equity Interests issued by any Excluded Subsidiary.
 
Collateral Agent” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the preamble hereto.
 
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Collection Account” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.22.
 
Commercial Letter of Credit” shall mean any letter of credit, any deferred payment letter of credit, any usance letter of credit or similar instrument issued for the purpose of providing credit support in connection with the purchase of materials, goods or services by, and/or other general corporate purpose of, Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries.
 
Commitment” shall mean, with respect to any Lender, such Lender’s Revolving Commitment or Swingline Commitment, and any Commitment to make Revolving Loans extended by such Lender as provided in Section 2.20.
 
Commitment Fee” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(a).
 
Commodity Hedging Agreement” shall mean any agreement (including any master agreement or master netting agreement) that evidences or provides for a swap, cap, collar, floor, put, call, option, future, other derivative, spot purchase or sale, forward purchase or sale, supply or off-take, transportation agreement, storage agreement or other commercial or trading agreement in or involving crude oil, natural gas, any feedstock, blendstock, intermediate product, finished product, refined product or other hydrocarbon product, carbon credit, pollution credits and/or any other “cap and trade” assets or any other energy, weather or emissions related commodity (including any crack spread), or any prices or price indices relating to any of the foregoing commodities, or any economic index or measure of economic risk or value, or other benchmark against which payments or deliveries are to be made (including any combination of such transactions).
 
Companies” shall mean Holdings and its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries); and “Company” shall mean any one of them.
 
Compliance Certificate” shall mean a certificate of a Financial Officer substantially in the form of Exhibit D.
 
Conforming Changes” shall mean, with respect to use, administration of or conventions associated with SOFR, Term SOFR or any proposed Successor Rate, as applicable, any conforming changes to the definitions of Alternate Base Rate, SOFR, Term SOFR and Interest Period, timing and frequency of determining rates and making payments of interest and other technical, administrative or operational matters (including, for the avoidance of doubt, the definitions of Business Day and U.S. Government Securities Business Day, timing of borrowing requests or prepayment, conversion or continuation notices, and length of lookback periods) as may be appropriate, in Administrative Agent's discretion, to reflect the adoption and implementation of such applicable rate(s) and to permit the administration thereof by Administrative Agent in a manner substantially consistent with market practice (or, if Administrative Agent determines that adoption of any portion of such market practice is not administratively feasible or that no market practice for the administration of such rate exists, in such other manner of administration as Agent determines, in consultation with the Borrowers, is reasonably necessary in connection with the administration of any Loan Document).
 
Connection Income Taxes” means Other Connection Taxes that are imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated) or that are franchise Taxes or branch profits Taxes.
 
Consolidated Amortization Expense” shall mean, for any period, the amortization expense of Holdings and its Subsidiaries for such period, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP.
 
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Consolidated Depreciation Expense” shall mean, for any period, the depreciation expense of Holdings and its Subsidiaries for such period, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP.
 
Consolidated EBITDA” shall mean, for any period, Consolidated Net Income for such period, adjusted (without duplication) by (x) adding thereto, in each case only to the extent (and in the same proportion) deducted in determining such Consolidated Net Income (other than with respect to clauses (p) or (n), which shall be added in any event) and without duplication (and with respect to the portion of Consolidated Net Income attributable to any Subsidiary that is an Excluded Subsidiary of Holdings only if a corresponding amount would be permitted at the date of determination to be distributed to Holdings by such Subsidiary that is an Excluded Subsidiary without prior approval (that has not been obtained), pursuant to the terms of its Organizational Documents and all agreements, instruments and Requirements of Law applicable to such Subsidiary):
 
(a)          Consolidated Interest Expense for such period, plus
 
(b)          Consolidated Amortization Expense for such period, plus
 
(c)          Consolidated Depreciation Expense for such period, plus
 
(d)          Consolidated Tax Expense for such period, plus
 
(e)          fees, costs, liabilities and expenses incurred in connection with the Transactions, plus
 
(f)         the aggregate amount of all other non-cash charges, expenses or losses reducing Consolidated Net Income (excluding any non-cash charge, expense or loss that results in an accrual of a reserve for cash charges in any future period and any non-cash charge, expense or loss relating to write-offs, write-downs or reserves with respect to accounts or inventory) for such period, plus
 
(g)         any accruals, fees, charges and expenses (including rationalization, financing, legal, tax, structuring, advising and other similar items) incurred during such period (other than Consolidated Depreciation Expense or Consolidated Amortization Expense), in connection with any acquisition, merger, consolidation, Investment, Asset Sale, other disposition of assets, issuance or repayment of Indebtedness, issuance of Equity Interests, refinancing transaction or amendment or modification of any debt instrument (in each case, including any such transaction consummated prior to the Effective Date and any such transaction undertaken but not completed) and any charges or non-recurring merger costs incurred during such period as a result of any such transaction (including, without limitation, any non-cash expenses or charges recorded in accordance with GAAP relating to equity interests issued to non-employees in exchange for services provided in connection with the Transactions), plus
 
(h)         the amount of any restructuring charges, integration costs, retention charges, stock option and any other equity-based compensation expenses or other business optimization expenses, including, without limitation, costs associated with improvements to IT and accounting functions, costs associated with establishing new facilities, costs or reserves deducted (and not added back) in such period in computing Consolidated Net Income, including any one-time costs incurred in connection with acquisitions and costs related to the closure and/or consolidation of facilities, plus
 
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(i)          (A) any extraordinary, exceptional, non-recurring or unusual gains or losses, and (B) any losses and expenses in connection with severance, relocation costs or payments and curtailments or modifications to pension and post-retirement employee benefit plans, plus
 
(j)          any other non-cash charges, expenses or losses including any write offs or write downs reducing Consolidated Net Income for such period and any non-cash expense relating to the vesting of warrants (provided that if any such non-cash charges represent an accrual or reserve for potential cash items in any future period, the cash payment in respect thereof in such future period shall be subtracted from Consolidated EBITDA to such extent, and excluding amortization of a prepaid cash item that was paid in a prior period), plus
 
(k)       the amount of customary indemnities and expenses paid or accrued in such period and deducted (and not added back) in such period in computing Consolidated Net Income, plus
 
(l)          any costs or expense incurred pursuant to any management equity plan or stock option plan or any other management or employee benefit plan or agreement or any stock subscription or shareholder agreement, to the extent that such cost or expenses are funded with cash proceeds by third Persons that are not Loan Parties contributed to the capital of Holdings or any Subsidiary, plus

(m)         any net loss from disposed or discontinued operations, plus
 
(n)         to the extent not already included in the Consolidated Net Income of such Person and its Subsidiaries, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the foregoing, Consolidated EBITDA shall include the amount of cash proceeds received from business interruption insurance and reimbursements of any expenses and charges that are covered by indemnification or other reimbursement provisions in connection with any investment or any sale, conveyance, transfer or other disposition of assets permitted hereunder, plus
 
(o)        retention, recruiting, relocation and signing bonuses and expenses, stock option and other equity-based compensation expenses, severance costs, stay bonuses, transaction fees and expenses and management fees and expenses, any one time expense relating to enhanced accounting function or other transaction costs, including those associated with becoming a public company, integration costs, transition costs, consolidation and closing costs for facilities, costs incurred in connection with any non-recurring strategic initiatives, costs incurred in connection with acquisitions and non-recurring intellectual property development, other business optimization expenses (including costs and expenses relating to business optimization programs and new systems design and implementation costs), project start-up costs and other restructuring charges, and accruals or reserves (including restructuring costs related to acquisitions and to closure/consolidation of facilities, retention charges, and systems establishment costs), plus
 
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(p)         (i) the Consolidated EBITDA during the relevant Test Period of any Person acquired as a result of a Specified Transaction determined on a Pro Forma Basis, and (ii) the amount of “run rate” and other cost savings, operating expense reductions, other operating improvements and synergies projected by the Borrowers in good faith to be realized in connection with the Transactions or any Specified Transaction or the implementation of an operational initiative or operational change (calculated on a Pro Forma Basis as though such cost savings, operating expense reductions, other operating improvements and synergies had been realized on the first day of such period and as if such cost savings, operating expense reductions, other operating improvements and synergies were realized during the entirety of such period), net of the amount of actual benefits realized during such period from such actions; provided that (x) a duly completed certificate signed by a Responsible Officer of the Borrowers shall be delivered to the Administrative Agent together with the Compliance Certificate required to be delivered pursuant to Section 5.01(d), certifying that (i) such cost savings, operating expense reductions, other operating improvements and synergies are factually supportable and reasonably anticipated to be realizable in the good faith judgment of the Borrowers, within 24 months after the consummation of the Specified Transaction or the implementation of an initiative or operational change, which is expected to result in such cost savings, expense reductions, other operating improvements or synergies and (y) no cost savings, operating expense reductions and synergies shall be added pursuant to this clause (p) to the extent duplicative of any expenses or charges otherwise added to Consolidated EBITDA, whether through a pro forma adjustment or otherwise, for such period; provided, that in no event shall amounts included in the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA in reliance upon this clause (p)(ii) comprise more than 20% of Consolidated EBITDA, plus
 
(q)         cash receipts (or any netting arrangements resulting in reduced cash expenditures) not representing Consolidated EBITDA or Consolidated Net Income in any period to the extent non-cash gains relating to such income were deducted in the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA pursuant to paragraph (y) below for any previous period and not added back, plus
 
(r)         any non-cash increase in expenses (A) resulting from the revaluation of inventory (including any impact of changes to inventory valuation policy methods including changes in capitalization of variances) or other inventory adjustments, or (B) due to purchase accounting adjustments, plus
 
(s)          the amount of payments by any of the Borrowers or any of their Restricted Subsidiaries for any financial advisory, financing, underwriting or placement services or in respect of other investment banking activities, including, without limitation, in connection with acquisitions or divestitures which payments are approved by a majority of the Board of Directors or a majority of the disinterested members of the Board of Directors of such Borrower or such Restricted Subsidiary in good faith and fees and expenses paid to directors of any of the Borrowers or their direct or indirect parent entities, plus
 
(t)           any net loss from disposed, abandoned or discontinued operations or product lines, plus
 
(u)         costs related to implementation of operational and reporting systems and technology initiatives in an amount not to exceed $25,000,000 during any twelve month period, plus
 
(v)          the non-cash portion of straight line rent expense, plus
 
(w)        earn-out obligations with respect to any Permitted Acquisitions or other investment and paid or accrued during the applicable period to the extent such earn-out obligations are deducted from the calculation of such Consolidated Net Income.
 
(x)        subtracting therefrom (A) any net gain from disposed or discontinued operations and (B) the aggregate amount of all non-cash items increasing Consolidated Net Income (other than the accrual of revenue or recording of receivables in the ordinary course of business) for such period.
 
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There shall be included in determining Consolidated EBITDA for any period, without duplication of clause (p) above or any other clause above, (A) the Acquired EBITDA of any Person, property, business or asset acquired by a Borrower or any Subsidiary (other than if acquired by an Excluded Subsidiary) during such period to the extent not subsequently sold, transferred or otherwise disposed of by a Borrower or such Subsidiary during such period (each such Person, property, business or asset acquired and not subsequently so disposed of, an “Acquired Entity or Business”), and the Acquired EBITDA of any Excluded Subsidiary that is converted into a Subsidiary Guarantor during such period (each a “Converted Subsidiary”), based on the actual Acquired EBITDA of such Acquired Entity or Business or Converted Subsidiary for such period (including the portion thereof occurring prior to such acquisition) and (B) an adjustment in respect of each Acquired Entity or Business equal to the amount of the Pro Forma Adjustment with respect to such Acquired Entity or Business for such period (including the portion thereof occurring prior to such acquisition) as specified in a certificate prepared in good faith and executed by a Responsible Officer and delivered to the Administrative Agent.
 
For purposes of the covenants set forth in Article VI, Consolidated EBITDA shall not include any Consolidated Net Income or, without duplication, any other amounts attributable to an Excluded Subsidiary, except to the extent actually distributed in cash to, and actually received by, a Loan Party.
 
Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio” shall mean, for any Test Period, the ratio of (a) Consolidated EBITDA for such Test Period to (b) Consolidated Fixed Charges for such Test Period. For the avoidance of doubt, Consolidated EBITDA shall not include any Consolidated Net Income or, without duplication, any other amounts attributable to an Excluded Subsidiary, except to the extent actually distributed in cash to, and actually received by, a Loan Party.
 
Consolidated Fixed Charges” shall mean, for any period, the sum, without duplication, of
 
(a)          Cash Interest Expense for such period;
 
(b)          the aggregate amount of Unfinanced Capital Expenditures of Holdings and its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) paid in cash for such period;
 
(c)        all cash payments in respect of income taxes of Holdings and its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries which are not part of the consolidated tax group of Holdings) made during such period (net of any cash refund in respect of income taxes actually received during such period);
 
(d)         the principal amount of all scheduled amortization payments paid in cash on all Indebtedness (including the principal component of all Capital Lease Obligations) of Holdings and its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) for such period (as determined on the first day of the respective period);
 
(e)        all cash dividend payments on any series of Disqualified Capital Stock of Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) (other than dividend payments to Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries that are Subsidiary Guarantors); and
 
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(f)          all cash dividend payments on any Preferred Stock (other than Disqualified Capital Stock) of Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) (other than dividend payments to Borrowers or any of their Subsidiaries that are Subsidiary Guarantors).
 
Consolidated Interest Expense” shall mean, for any period, the total consolidated interest expense of Holdings and its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) for such period determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP plus, without duplication:
 
(a)       imputed interest on Capital Lease Obligations and Attributable Indebtedness of Holdings and its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) for such period;
 
(b)         commissions, discounts and other fees and charges owed by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) with respect to letters of credit securing financial obligations, bankers’ acceptance financing and receivables financings for such period;
 
(c)        amortization of debt issuance costs, debt discount or premium, unused line fees, commitment fees, prepayment premiums, upfront fees, administrative agency costs and other financing fees and expenses incurred by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) for such period;
 
(d)         cash contributions to any employee stock ownership plan or similar trust made by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) to the extent such contributions are used by such plan or trust to pay interest or fees to any person (other than Delaware City, Paulsboro, Toledo, Chalmette, Torrance or any of their respective Wholly Owned Subsidiaries) in connection with Indebtedness incurred by such plan or trust for such period;
 
(e)         all interest paid or payable with respect to discontinued operations of Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) for such period;
 
(f)         the interest portion of any deferred payment obligations of Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) for such period;
 
(g)          all interest on any Indebtedness of Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) of the type described in clause (f) or (k) of the definition of “Indebtedness” for such period;
 
(h)          minus the total consolidated interest income of Holdings and its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) for such period;
 
provided that (a) to the extent directly related to the Transactions, debt issuance costs, debt discount or premium and other financing fees, costs and expenses shall be excluded from the calculation of Consolidated Interest Expense and (b) Consolidated Interest Expense shall be calculated after giving effect to Hedging Agreements related to interest rates (including associated costs), but excluding unrealized gains and losses with respect to Hedging Agreements related to interest rates.
 
Consolidated Interest Expense shall be calculated on a Pro Forma Basis to give effect to any Indebtedness (other than Indebtedness incurred for ordinary course working capital needs under ordinary course revolving credit facilities) incurred, assumed or permanently repaid or extinguished at any time on or after the first day of the Test Period and prior to the date of determination in connection with any Permitted Acquisitions and Asset Sales and other dispositions of assets (in each case, other than any dispositions in the ordinary course of business) as if such incurrence, assumption, repayment or extinguishing had been effected on the first day of such period.
 
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Consolidated Net Income” shall mean, for any period, the consolidated net income (or loss) of Holdings and its Subsidiaries (except for Excluded Subsidiaries unless distributed in cash to, and actually received by, a Loan Party) determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP; provided that there shall be excluded from such net income (to the extent otherwise included therein), without duplication:
 
(a)          the net income (or loss) of any person (other than a Borrower or a Subsidiary Guarantor) in which any person other than Holdings, the other Borrowers and the Subsidiary Guarantors has an ownership interest, except to the extent that cash in an amount equal to any such income has actually been received by Borrowers or Subsidiary Guarantors;
 
(b)        the net income of any Subsidiary of Holdings (other than a Subsidiary Guarantor) during such period to the extent that the declaration or payment of dividends or similar distributions by such Subsidiary (other than a Subsidiary Guarantor) of that income is not permitted as of the relevant date of determination by operation of the terms of its Organizational Documents or any agreement, instrument or Requirement of Law applicable to that Subsidiary (other than a Subsidiary Guarantor) during such period, except that Holdings’ equity in net loss of any such Subsidiary for such period shall be included in determining Consolidated Net Income;
 
(c)          the after-tax effect of any extraordinary, exceptional, non-recurring or unusual gain (or loss) realized during such period by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries upon any Asset Sale or other dispositions of assets by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries;
 
(d)          the after-tax effect of gains and losses due solely to fluctuations in currency values determined in accordance with GAAP for such period;
 
(e)          earnings resulting from any reappraisal, revaluation or write-up of assets;
 
(f)          unrealized gains and losses with respect to Hedging Obligations for such period;
 
(g)         the after-tax effect of any extraordinary or nonrecurring gain (or extraordinary or non-recurring loss) recorded or recognized by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries during such period;
 
(h)          the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles during such period;
 
(i)           the after-tax effects of adjustments (including the effects of such adjustments pushed down to Holdings and Subsidiaries) in the property and equipment, inventory and other intangible assets, deferred revenue and debt line items in such Person’s consolidated financial statements pursuant to GAAP resulting from the application of purchase accounting in relation to the Transactions or any consummated acquisition or the amortization or write-off of any amounts thereof,
 
(j)           the after-tax effect of income (or loss) from the early extinguishment of Indebtedness or swap obligations under Hedging Agreements or other derivative instruments;
 
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(k)          any impairment charge or asset write-off, in each case pursuant to GAAP, and the amortization of intangibles arising pursuant to GAAP,
 
(l)           any non-cash compensation expense recorded from grants of stock appreciation or similar rights, stock options, restricted stock or other rights shall be excluded, and
 
(m)        any fees and expenses incurred during such period, or any amortization thereof for such period, in connection with any acquisition, Asset Sale, other disposition of assets, recapitalization, Investment, issuance or repayment of Indebtedness, issuance of Equity Interests, refinancing transaction or amendment or modification of any debt instrument (in each case, including any such transaction consummated prior to the Effective Date and any such transaction undertaken but not completed) and any charges or non-recurring merger costs incurred during such period as a result of any such transaction.
 
Consolidated Tax Expense” shall mean, for any period, the tax expense (including taxes based on income, profits, capital gains, property excise, franchise, capital, stamp, sales, value-added withholdings and similar federal, state, local or foreign taxes, and including penalties and interest thereon), of Holdings and its Subsidiaries, for such period, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP.
 
Contested Collateral Lien Conditions” shall mean, with respect to any Permitted Lien of the type described in clauses (e) and (f) of Section 6.02, the following conditions:
 
(a)          Borrowers shall cause any proceeding instituted contesting such Lien to stay the sale or forfeiture of any portion of the Collateral on account of such Lien; and
 
(b)          at the option and at the reasonable request of the Administrative Agent, to the extent such Lien is in an amount in excess of $20,000,000, the appropriate Loan Party shall maintain cash reserves in an amount sufficient to pay and discharge such Lien and the Administrative Borrower’s reasonable estimate of all interest and penalties related thereto.
 
Contingent Obligation” shall mean, as to any person, any obligation, agreement, understanding or arrangement of such person guaranteeing or intended to guarantee any Indebtedness (“primary obligations”) of any other person (the “primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, including any obligation of such person, whether or not contingent, (a) to purchase any such primary obligation or any property constituting direct or indirect security therefor; (b) to advance or supply funds (i) for the purchase or payment of any such primary obligation or (ii) to maintain working capital or equity capital of the primary obligor or otherwise to maintain the net worth or solvency of the primary obligor; (c) to purchase property, securities or services primarily for the purpose of assuring the owner of any such primary obligation of the ability of the primary obligor to make payment of such primary obligation; (d) with respect to bankers’ acceptances, letters of credit and similar credit arrangements, until a reimbursement obligation arises; or (e) otherwise to assure or hold harmless the holder of such primary obligation against loss in respect thereof; provided, however, that the term “Contingent Obligation” shall not include endorsements of instruments for deposit or collection in the ordinary course of business or any product warranties and other customary contractual indemnities. The amount of any Contingent Obligation shall be deemed to be an amount equal to the stated or determinable amount of the primary obligation in respect of which such Contingent Obligation is made (or, if less, the maximum amount of such primary obligation for which such person may be liable, whether singly or jointly, pursuant to the terms of the instrument evidencing such Contingent Obligation) or, if not stated or determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability in respect thereof (assuming such person is required to perform thereunder) as determined by such person in good faith.
 
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Control” shall mean the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise, and the terms “Controlling” and “Controlled” shall have meanings correlative thereto.
 
Control Agreement” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the Security Agreement.
 
Cost” shall mean, as determined by the Collateral Agent acting reasonably and in good faith consistent with customary industry practice for asset-based financings in the refining industry, with respect to hydrocarbon Inventory, the market value; provided, that for purposes of the calculation of the Borrowing Base, the Cost of the hydrocarbon Inventory shall not include: (i) the portion of the cost of hydrocarbon Inventory equal to the profit earned by any Affiliate on the sale thereof to a Loan Party or (ii) write-ups or write-downs in cost with respect to currency exchange rates.
 
Covered Entity” shall mean: (a) a “covered entity,” as defined and interpreted in accordance with 12 C.F.R. §252.82(b); (b) a “covered bank,” as defined in and interpreted in accordance with 12 C.F.R. §47.3(b); or (c) a “covered FSI,” as defined in and interpreted in accordance with 12 C.F.R. §382.2(b).
 
Covered Party” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.20(a).
 
Credit Extension” shall mean, as the context may require, (i) the making of a Loan by a Lender or (ii) the issuance of any Letter of Credit, or the amendment, extension or renewal of any existing Letter of Credit to the effect of increasing its face amount or extending its expiration date, by any Issuing Bank.
 
Daily Simple SOFR” shall mean, with respect to any applicable determination date, the secured overnight financing rate published on the FRBNY website (or any successor source satisfactory to Administrative Agent).
 
DCR Facility” shall mean Delaware City’s petroleum refinery and all related assets and properties located in New Castle County, Delaware City, Delaware.
 
Default” shall mean any event, occurrence or condition which is, or upon notice, lapse of time or both would constitute, an Event of Default.
 
Default Rate” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.06(c).
 
Defaulting Lender” means any Lender whose act or failure to act, whether directly or indirectly, causes it to meet any part of the definition of Lender Default.
 
Designated Accounts Receivable” shall mean Accounts of Holdings comprised only of rack accounts receivables arising from sales occurring at a terminal or similar facility.
 
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Disqualified Capital Stock” shall mean any Equity Interest which, by its terms (or by the terms of any security into which it is convertible or for which it is exchangeable), or upon the happening of any event, (a) matures (excluding any maturity as the result of an optional redemption by the issuer thereof) or is mandatorily redeemable, pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise, or is redeemable at the option of the holder thereof, in whole or in part (other than in Equity Interests that are otherwise not Disqualified Capital Stock), on or prior to the ninety-first (91st) day after the Revolving Maturity Date, (b) is convertible into or exchangeable (unless at the sole option of the issuer thereof) for (i) debt securities or (ii) any Equity Interests referred to in (a) above (other than in Equity Interests that are otherwise not Disqualified Capital Stock), in each case at any time on or prior to the ninety-first (91st) day after Revolving Maturity Date, or (c) contains any repurchase obligation for cash purchase which may come into effect prior to Payment in Full of all Obligations; provided, however, that any Equity Interests that would not constitute Disqualified Capital Stock but for provisions thereof giving holders thereof (or the holders of any security into or for which such Equity Interests is convertible, exchangeable or exercisable) the right to require the issuer thereof to redeem such Equity Interests upon the occurrence of a change in control or an asset sale occurring prior to the ninety-first (91) day after the Revolving Maturity Date shall not constitute Disqualified Capital Stock if such Equity Interests provide that the issuer thereof will not redeem any such Equity Interests pursuant to such provisions prior to the Payment in Full of the Obligations.
 
Distressed Person” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in “Lender-Related Distress Event”.
 
Dividend” with respect to any person shall mean that such person has declared or paid a dividend or returned any equity capital to the holders of its Equity Interests or authorized or made any other distribution, payment or delivery of property (other than Qualified Capital Stock of such person) or cash to the holders of its Equity Interests in each case, in their capacity as such, or redeemed, retired, purchased or otherwise acquired, for consideration any of its Equity Interests outstanding (or any options or warrants issued by such person with respect to its Equity Interests), or set aside any funds in a sinking or other similar fund for any of the foregoing purposes, or shall have permitted any of its Subsidiaries (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) to purchase or otherwise acquire for consideration any of the Equity Interests of such person outstanding (or any options or warrants issued by such person with respect to its Equity Interests). Without limiting the foregoing, “Dividends” with respect to any person shall also include all payments made or required to be made by such person with respect to any stock appreciation rights, plans, equity incentive or achievement plans or any similar plans or setting aside in a sinking or other similar fund of any funds for the foregoing purposes.
 
Division” shall mean the division of assets, liabilities and/or obligations of a Person among two or more Persons (whether pursuant to a "plan of division" or similar arrangement), which may or may not include the original dividing Person and pursuant to which the original dividing Person may or may not survive.
 
dollars” or “$” shall mean lawful money of the United States.
 
Domestic Subsidiary” shall mean any Subsidiary that is organized or existing under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia.
 
EEA Financial Institution” shall mean (a) any credit institution or investment firm established in an EEA Member Country that is subject to the supervision of an EEA Resolution Authority; (b) any entity established in an EEA Member Country that is a parent of an institution described in clause (a) above; or (c) any financial institution established in an EEA Member Country that is a subsidiary of an institution described in the foregoing clauses and is subject to consolidated supervision with its parent.
 
EEA Member Country” shall mean any of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
 
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EEA Resolution Authority” shall mean any public administrative authority or any Person entrusted with public administrative authority of an EEA Member Country (including any delegee) having responsibility for the resolution of any EEA Financial Institution.
 
Effective Date” shall mean the date on which the conditions set forth in Section 4.01 of this Agreement are satisfied and this Agreement becomes effective pursuant to Section 10.06.
 
Electronic Record” and “Electronic Signature” shall have the meanings ascribed to such terms in 15 U.S.C. §7006
 
Eligible Accounts” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.21(a).
 
Eligible Assignee” shall mean any person to whom it is permitted to assign Loans and Commitments pursuant to Section 10.04(b)(i); provided that “Eligible Assignee” shall not include Parent, Borrowers or any of their respective Affiliates or Subsidiaries or any natural person.
 
Eligible Positive Exchange Agreement Balance” shall mean, at any date of determination, the amount of the positive balance, valued at a mark to market basis, of the hydrocarbon Inventory that a Borrower has a right to receive from (i) an operating company counterparty or trading partner, (ii) a financial institution trading party counterparty or trading partner which is not a Lender or an Affiliate of a Lender or (iii) a financial institution trading party counterparty or trading partner which is a Lender or an Affiliate of a Lender; provided, however, that, any such Lender or Affiliate of a Lender financial institution trading party shall have delivered to the Administrative Agent a written agreement, in form and substance reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, waiving any and all rights in respect of the Collateral or of offset under this Agreement with respect to any liabilities or obligations owing to such financial institution trading party in its capacity as such; in the case of a trading party or counterparty under clauses (i), (ii) or (iii), under an Exchange Agreement or money owing to a Borrower in connection with such exchange of hydrocarbon Inventory under an Exchange Agreement, net of any discounts, allowances, rebates, credits, offsets or counterclaims, including any amount billed for or representing retainage, if any, by any counterparty to an Exchange Agreement, and only to the extent such Borrower’s rights in such positive balance and in the hydrocarbon Inventory to which such positive balance relates are subject to a valid, first priority (subject only to Permitted Liens that by operation of law have priority), perfected security interest in favor of the Administrative Agent as security for the Secured Obligations; provided, that, the value of the Eligible Positive Exchange Agreement Balance shall be subject to Reserves as reasonably determined by the Collateral Agent in good faith pursuant to the terms and conditions set forth in the definition of “Reserves”.
 
Eligible Hydrocarbon Inventory” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.21(b).
 
Eligible Subsidiary” shall mean any Wholly Owned Subsidiary of a Borrower that is (i) a Domestic Subsidiary and (ii) owns Accounts and/or hydrocarbon Inventory, in each case, other than an Excluded Subsidiary.
 
Embargoed Person” shall mean any party that is, or is owned or controlled by an entity that, (i) is publicly identified on the most current list of “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons” published by the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”), is subject to sanctions by the U.S. State Department, the United Nations or the European Union such that a U.S. Person cannot deal or otherwise engage in a business transaction with such Person, or resides, is organized or chartered, or has a place of business in a country or territory subject to OFAC sanctions or embargo programs or (ii) is publicly identified as prohibited from doing business with the United States under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, the Trading With the Enemy Act, or any other Requirement of Law.
 
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Environment” shall mean ambient air, indoor air, surface water and groundwater (including potable water, navigable water and wetlands), the land surface or subsurface strata, natural resources, the workplace or as otherwise defined in any Environmental Law.
 
Environmental Claim” shall mean any claim, notice, demand, order, action, suit, proceeding or other communication alleging liability for or obligation with respect to any investigation, remediation, removal, cleanup, response, corrective action, damages to natural resources, personal injury, property damage, fines, penalties or other costs resulting from, related to or arising out of (i) the presence, Release or threatened Release in or into the Environment of Hazardous Material at any location or (ii) any violation or alleged violation of any Environmental Law, and shall include any claim seeking damages, contribution, indemnification, cost recovery, compensation or injunctive relief resulting from, related to or arising out of the presence, Release or threatened Release of Hazardous Material or alleged injury or threat of injury to health, safety or the Environment.
 
Environmental Law” shall mean any and all present and future treaties, laws, statutes, ordinances, regulations, rules, decrees, orders, judgments, consent orders, consent decrees, code or other binding requirements of Governmental Authorities, and the common law, relating to protection of public health or the Environment, the Release or threatened Release of Hazardous Material, natural resources or natural resource damages, or occupational safety or health, and any and all Environmental Permits.
 
Environmental and Necessary Capex” shall mean capital expenditures to the extent deemed reasonably necessary, as determined by the Companies, in good faith and pursuant to prudent judgment, that are required by Applicable Law (including to comply with Environmental Laws) or are undertaken for health and safety reasons (including remedial activities).
 
Environmental Permit” shall mean any permit, license, approval, registration, notification, exemption, consent or other authorization required by or from a Governmental Authority under Environmental Law.
 
Equipment” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the Security Agreement.
 
Equity Interest” shall mean, with respect to any person, any and all shares, interests, participations or other equivalents, including membership interests (however designated, whether voting or nonvoting), of equity of such person, including, if such person is a partnership, partnership interests (whether general or limited) and any other interest or participation that confers on a person the right to receive a share of the profits and losses of, or distributions of property of, such partnership, whether outstanding on the date hereof or issued after the Effective Date, but excluding debt securities convertible or exchangeable into such equity.
 
Equity Issuance” shall mean, without duplication, (i) any issuance or sale by Holdings after the Effective Date of any Equity Interests in Holdings (including any Equity Interests issued upon exercise of any warrant or option) or any warrants or options to purchase Equity Interests or (ii) any contribution to the capital of Holdings.
 
ERISA” shall mean the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as the same may be amended from time to time.
 
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ERISA Affiliate” shall mean, with respect to any person, any trade or business (whether or not incorporated) that, together with such person, is treated as a single employer under Section 414 of the Code.
 
ERISA Event” shall mean (a) any “reportable event,” as defined in Section 4043 of ERISA or the regulations issued thereunder, with respect to a Plan (other than an event for which the 30-day notice period is waived by regulation); (b) with respect to a Plan, the failure to satisfy the minimum funding standard of Section 412 of the Code and Section 302 of ERISA, whether or not waived; (c) the failure to make by its due date a required installment under Section 430(j) of the Code with respect to any Plan or the failure to make any required contribution to a Multiemployer Plan; (d) the filing pursuant to Section 412(c) of the Code or Section 303(d) of ERISA (or after the effective date of the Pension Protection Act of 2006, Section 412(c) of the Code and Section 302(c) of ERISA) of an application for a waiver of the minimum funding standard with respect to any Plan; (e) the incurrence by any Company or any of its ERISA Affiliates of any liability under Title IV of ERISA with respect to the termination of any Plan; (f) the receipt by any Company or any of its ERISA Affiliates from the PBGC or a plan administrator of any notice relating to the intention to terminate any Plan or Plans or to appoint a trustee to administer any Plan, or the occurrence of any event or condition which could reasonably be expected to constitute grounds under ERISA for the termination of, or the appointment of a trustee to administer, any Plan; (g) the incurrence by any Company or any of its ERISA Affiliates of any liability under Title IV of ERISA with respect to the withdrawal from any Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (h) the receipt by any Company or its ERISA Affiliates of any notice, concerning the imposition of Withdrawal Liability or a determination that a Multiemployer Plan is, or is expected to be, insolvent or in reorganization, within the meaning of Title IV of ERISA; (i) the “substantial cessation of operations” within the meaning of Section 4062(e) of ERISA with respect to a Plan; (j) the making of any amendment to any Plan which could result in the imposition of a lien or the posting of a bond or other security; and (k) the occurrence of a nonexempt prohibited transaction (within the meaning of Section 4975 of the Code or Section 406 of ERISA) which could reasonably be expected to result in liability to any Company.
 
EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule” shall mean the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule published by the Loan Market Association (or ay successor person), as in effect from time to time.
 
Event of Default” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 8.01.
 
Excess Amount” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.10(e).
 
Excess Availability” shall mean, at any time, an amount equal to (A) the then effective Borrowing Availability, plus (B) Suppressed Availability.
 
Exchange Act” shall mean the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
 
Exchange Agreement” shall mean an agreement under which a Borrower undertakes to deliver goods to an unaffiliated Person or on behalf of an unaffiliated Person to a customer of such Person in exchange for such Person’s delivery of similar goods to such Borrower or a customer of such Borrower.
 
Excluded Account” means any Deposit Account, Securities Account or Commodities Account (i) for which all or substantially all of the funds on deposit therein are used solely to fund payroll, 401(k) and other retirement plans and employee benefits or health care benefits, and any trust accounts, tax accounts or accounts holding funds of third parties, (ii) holding at all times less than $500,000 individually or $2,000,000 in the aggregate, together with all such other Deposit Accounts, Securities Accounts and Commodities Accounts excluded pursuant to this clause (ii), (iii) holding assets subject to Liens permitted by Section 6.02(f), (o), (r), (u), (w), (y), or (jj), (iv) holding identifiable proceeds of (A) any Indebtedness permitted under Section 6.01(e), (m), (t), (u), (v), (x), (aa), or (dd), and permitted to be secured under Section 6.02 or (B) any other funded secured Indebtedness permitted under Section 6.01 and permitted to be secured under Section 6.02 hereof, or (v) which are segregated Deposit Accounts, Securities Accounts or Commodities Accounts and contain only the proceeds of assets that do not constitute Revolving Credit Priority Collateral.
 
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Excluded Subsidiary” shall mean each Domestic Subsidiary in existence on the Effective Date or formed or acquired after the Effective Date, in each case, that is set forth on Schedule 1.01(e) or that is designated as an Excluded Subsidiary pursuant to Section 5.18(b). For the avoidance of doubt, each Excluded Subsidiary shall not be a Subsidiary Guarantor, and to the extent that an Excluded Subsidiary’s net income would otherwise be included in the definition of Consolidated Net Income or Consolidated EBITDA or any component thereof such Excluded Subsidiary’s net income shall not be included for purposes of calculating Consolidated Net Income or Consolidated EBITDA unless actually distributed in cash to, and actually received by, a Loan Party.
 
Excluded Taxes” shall mean, with respect to the Administrative Agent, any Lender, any Issuing Bank or any other recipient of any payment to be made by or on account of any obligation of Borrowers hereunder: (a) Taxes imposed on or measured by its overall income or profits or franchise Taxes (including any branch profits Taxes imposed by the United States or any similar Tax imposed by any other jurisdiction) imposed on it (in lieu of income Taxes), however denominated, by a jurisdiction (i) as a result of the recipient being organized or having its principal office or, in the case of any Lender, its applicable lending office in such jurisdiction, or (ii) as a result of a trade or business, a permanent establishment, or a present or former connection between the Administrative Agent, any Lender, any Issuing Bank or other recipient and the jurisdiction of the taxing authority imposing such Tax (other than any connection resulting solely from being a Lender hereunder); (b) in the case of any Lender (including a Foreign Lender (other than an assignee pursuant to a request by Administrative Borrower under Section 2.16)), any U.S. federal withholding Tax that is imposed on payments hereunder pursuant to any Requirements of Law that are in effect at the time such Lender becomes a party hereto, except to the extent that such Lender’s assignor, if any, was entitled, immediately prior to such assignment, to receive additional amounts or indemnity payments from Borrowers with respect to such withholding Tax pursuant to Section 2.15;  (c) in the case of any Lender (including a Foreign Lender) who designates a new lending office, any U.S. federal withholding Tax that is imposed on payments hereunder pursuant to any Requirements of Law that are in effect at the time of such change in lending office, except to the extent that such Lender was entitled, immediately prior to such change in lending office, to receive additional amounts or indemnity payments from Borrowers with respect to such withholding Tax pursuant to Section 2.15; (d) any Tax that is attributable to such recipient’s failure to comply with Section 2.15(e); and (e) any Taxes imposed under FATCA.
 
Excluded Swap Obligation” means, with respect to any Loan Party, any Swap Obligation if, and to the extent that, all or a portion of the Guarantee of such Loan Party of, or the grant by such Loan Party of a security interest to secure, such Swap Obligation (or any Guarantee thereof) is or becomes illegal or unlawful under the Commodity Exchange Act or any rule, regulation or order of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (or the application or official interpretation of any thereof) by virtue of such Loan Party’s failure for any reason not to constitute an “eligible contract participant” as defined in the Commodity Exchange Act and the regulations thereunder at the time the Guarantee of such Loan Party or the grant of such security interest would otherwise have become effective with respect to such Swap Obligation but for such Loan Party’s failure to constitute an “eligible contract participant” at such time.
 
Existing Lien” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 6.02(c).
 
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Existing Loans” shall mean the Loans outstanding under the Existing Revolving Credit Agreement immediately prior to the Effective Date.
 
Existing Revolving Credit Agreement” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the recitals hereto.
 
ExxonMobil” means each of ExxonMobil Corporation or any of its Affiliates.
 
FATCA” shall mean Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code (or any amended or successor version that is substantially comparable thereto) and any current or future regulations or official interpretations thereof, any agreements entered into pursuant to Section 1471(b)(1) of the Code and any fiscal or regulatory legislation, rules or practices adopted pursuant to any intergovernmental agreements,  treaty or convention among Governmental Authorities that implement the foregoing.
 
Federal Funds Effective Rate” shall mean, for any day, the per annum rate calculated by FRBNY based on such day's federal funds transactions by depository institutions (as determined in such manner as FRBNY shall set forth on its public website from time to time) and published on the next Business Day by FRBNY as the federal funds effective rate; provided, that in no event shall the Federal Funds Effective Rate be less than zero.
 
Fee Letter” shall mean the confidential fee letter, dated as of May 2, 2018, by and among the Administrative Agent and the Borrowers.
 
Fees” shall mean the Commitment Fees, the Administrative Agent Fees, the LC Participation Fees, the Fronting Fees and any other fees which are provided for in the Fee Letter.
 
Financial Covenant Testing Amount” shall mean (as of any date of determination) an amount equal to 10.0% of Line Cap.
 
Financial Officer” of any person shall mean the chief financial officer, principal accounting officer, treasurer or controller of such person.
 
Financing Off-Take Agreements” shall mean any Off-Take Agreements that finance (i.e., a financing transaction rather than a commercial trading transaction) the acquisition, replacement, production or improvement of hydrocarbon products. “Financing Off-Take Agreements” does not include Off-Take Agreements that are not in the nature of a financing transaction (i.e., excludes Off-Take Agreements that are in the nature of a commercial trading transaction).
 
Financing Oil Supply Agreements” shall mean any Oil Supply Agreements that finance (i.e., a financing transaction rather than a commercial trading transaction) the acquisition, replacement, production or improvement of hydrocarbons. “Financing Oil Supply Agreements” does not include Oil Supply Agreements that are not in the nature of a financing transaction (i.e., excludes Oil Supply Agreements that are in the nature of a commercial trading transaction).
 
FIRREA” shall mean the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, as amended.
 
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Foreign Lender shall mean any Lender that is not, for U.S. federal income Tax purposes, (i) an individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States, (ii) a corporation, partnership or other entity treated as a corporation or partnership created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, or any political subdivision thereof, (iii) an estate whose income is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source or (iv) a trust if a court within the United States is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of such trust and one or more United States persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of such trust. In addition, solely for purposes of clauses (b) and (c) of the definition of Excluded Taxes, a Foreign Lender shall include a partnership or other entity treated as a partnership created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, or any political subdivision thereof, but only to the extent the partners of such partnership (including indirect partners if the direct partners are partnerships or other entities treated as partnerships for U.S. federal income Tax purposes created or organized in or under the laws of the United States or any political subdivision thereof) are treated as Foreign Lenders under the preceding sentence (in which event, the determination of whether a U.S. federal withholding Tax on interest payments was imposed pursuant to any Requirements of Law in effect at the time such Foreign Lender became a party hereto will be made by reference to the time when the applicable direct or indirect partner became a direct or indirect partner of such Foreign Lender, but only if such date is later than the date on which such Foreign Lender became a party hereto).
 
Foreign Plan” shall mean any employee benefit plan, program, policy, arrangement or agreement maintained or contributed to by any Company with respect to employees employed outside the United States.
 
Foreign Subsidiary” shall mean a Subsidiary that is organized under the laws of a jurisdiction other than the United States or any state thereof or the District of Columbia.
 
Form 8-K” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 5.02(a).
 
FRBNY” shall mean the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
 
Fronting Fee” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(c).
 
Fund” shall mean any person that is (or will be) engaged in making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course of its business.
 
GAAP” subject to Section 1.04, shall mean generally accepted accounting principles in the United States applied on a consistent basis.
 
Governmental Authority” shall mean the government of the United States or any other nation, or of any political subdivision thereof, whether state, provincial or local, and any agency, authority, instrumentality, regulatory body, court, central bank or other entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to government (including any supra-national bodies such as the European Union, the European Central Bank or the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development).
 
Governmental Real Property Disclosure Requirements” shall mean any Requirement of Law of any Governmental Authority requiring notification of the buyer, lessee, mortgagee, assignee or other transferee of any Real Property, facility, establishment or business, or notification, registration or filing to or with any Governmental Authority, in connection with the sale, lease, mortgage, assignment or other transfer (including any transfer of control) of any Real Property, facility, establishment or business, of the actual or threatened presence or Release in or into the Environment, or the use, disposal or handling of Hazardous Material on, at, under or near the Real Property, facility, establishment or business to be sold, leased, mortgaged, assigned or transferred.
 
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Guaranteed Obligations” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 7.01.
 
Guarantees” shall mean the guarantees issued pursuant to Article VII by the Loan Parties.
 
Hazardous Materials” shall mean the following: hazardous substances; hazardous wastes; polychlorinated biphenyls (“PCBs”) or any substance or compound containing PCBs; asbestos or any asbestos-containing materials in any form or condition; radon or any other radioactive materials including any source, special nuclear or by-product material; and any other pollutant or contaminant or chemicals, wastes, materials, compounds, constituents or substances, subject to regulation or which can give rise to liability under any Environmental Laws.
 
Hedging Agreement” shall mean any swap, cap, collar, forward purchase or similar agreements or arrangements dealing with interest rates or currency exchange rates, either generally or under specific contingencies and any Commodity Hedging Agreement.
 
Hedging Obligations” shall mean obligations under or with respect to Hedging Agreements.
 
Hedging Reserves” shall mean the determination by the Collateral Agent, in consultation with any Lender or any of its Affiliates that enters into a Hedging Agreement in respect of interest rates or commodity prices with any of the Loan Parties, reasonably and in good faith from the perspective of an asset-based lender, of an appropriate reserve against the Borrowing Base with respect to the exposures of the Loan Parties in respect of such Hedging Agreement relating to interest rates or commodity prices; provided, that, the maximum amount of “Hedging Reserves” shall in no event exceed $35,000,000.
 
High Risk Area” shall mean (i) the Persian Gulf, and (ii) areas which are war zones or subject to material terrorism, piracy or other similar risks as reasonably determined by the Administrative Agent in consultation with the Borrowers from time to time.
 
High Yield Indebtedness” shall mean collectively, (i)  the Indebtedness incurred pursuant to that certain Indenture, dated as of May 13, 2020, under which the 2028 Senior Notes were issued, as amended, restated, supplemented, reaffirmed or otherwise modified, replaced or refinanced from time to time, (ii) the Indebtedness incurred pursuant to that certain Indenture, dated as of August 21, 2023, under which the 2030 Senior Notes were issued, as amended, restated, supplemented, reaffirmed or otherwise modified, replaced or refinanced from time to time, (iii) senior unsecured loans, senior unsecured notes or other similar high yield indebtedness and/or other unsecured Indebtedness, and (iv) solely to the extent amending, extending, replacing and/or refinancing the Indebtedness under clauses (i) or (ii) of this definition, senior secured Indebtedness, that (I) if secured by the Revolving Credit Priority Collateral, are subordinated in right of priority only with respect to the Revolving Credit Priority Collateral pursuant to an intercreditor agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, or, (II) in the case of secured Indebtedness that does not have any Liens on any of the Revolving Credit Priority Collateral, either (A) such secured Indebtedness, in respect of any Real Property where Revolving Credit Priority Collateral is located with a value in excess of $15,000,000 are subject to a collateral access agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent (it being understood and agreed that the form and substance of the Revolving Credit Collateral Access Letter Agreement dated as of February 9, 2012 is acceptable) or (B) the Collateral Agent, if so reasonably elected by it, shall have established Reserves in connection with the incurrence of such secured Indebtedness; provided, that any Indebtedness incurred pursuant to this clause (iv) which is secured shall have a maturity date of not less than 180 days after the Revolving Maturity Date.
 
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Holdings” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the preamble hereto.
 
Immaterial Subsidiary” shall mean, at any time, any Subsidiary that is designated by the Borrowers as an “Immaterial Subsidiary” if and for so long as such Subsidiary, together with all other Immaterial Subsidiaries, has (a) total assets at such time not exceeding 5.00% of Total Assets as of the most recent fiscal quarter for which balance sheet information is available and (b) total revenues and operating income for the most recent 12-month period for which income statement information is available not exceeding 5.00% of Holdings’ consolidated revenues and operating income, respectively; provided that such Subsidiary shall be an Immaterial Subsidiary only to the extent that and for so long as all of the above requirements are satisfied.
 
Increase Effective Date” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.20(a).
 
Increase Joinder” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.20(c).
 
Incremental Facility Amount” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.20(a).
 
Incremental Revolving Commitments” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.20(a).
 
Incremental Revolving Loan” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.20(c).
 
Indebtedness” of any person shall mean, without duplication, (a) all obligations of such person for borrowed money; (b) all obligations of such person evidenced by bonds, debentures, notes or similar instruments; (c) [Reserved]; (d) all obligations of such person under conditional sale or other title retention agreements relating to property purchased by such person; (e) all obligations of such person issued or assumed as the deferred purchase price of property or services (excluding trade accounts payable and accrued obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business and not overdue by more than 120 days unless subject to an ongoing dispute being contested in good faith); (f) all Indebtedness of others secured by any Lien on property owned or acquired by such person, whether or not the obligations secured thereby have been assumed, but limited to the fair market value of such property; (g) all Capital Lease Obligations, Purchase Money Obligations (other than those constituting Indebtedness pursuant to clause (e) above) and synthetic lease obligations of such person; (h) all Hedging Obligations to the extent required to be reflected on a balance sheet of such person; (i) all Attributable Indebtedness of such person; (j) all obligations of such person for the reimbursement of any obligor in respect of letters of credit, letters of guaranty, bankers’ acceptances and similar credit transactions; and (k) all Contingent Obligations of such person in respect of Indebtedness or obligations of others of the kinds referred to in clauses (a) through (j) above. The Indebtedness of any person shall include the Indebtedness of any other entity (including any partnership in which such person is a general partner) to the extent such person is liable therefor as a result of such person’s ownership interest in or other relationship with such entity, except (other than in the case of general partner liability) to the extent that terms of such Indebtedness expressly provide that such person is not liable therefor. For the avoidance of doubt, Indebtedness shall not in any event include transactions classified as operating leases in accordance with GAAP as in effect on the date hereof, regardless of any subsequent change in GAAP.
 
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Indemnified Taxes” shall mean all Taxes other than Excluded Taxes imposed on or with respect to any payment made by or on account of any obligation of the Borrowers under any Loan Document.
 
Indemnitee” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.03(b).
 
Information” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.12.
 
Initial Revolving Loans” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the definition of “Revolving Commitments”.
 
Intellectual Property” shall mean trademarks, trade names, service marks, copyrights, technology, trade secrets, know-how and processes.
 
Intercompany Note” shall mean a promissory note substantially in the form of Exhibit P.
 
“Intercreditor Agreements” shall mean the Receivables Intercreditor Agreement, the agreements listed on Schedule 1.01(b) and any other agreement either (i) reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent under the terms and conditions of this Agreement or (ii) reasonably designated by the Administrative Borrower and the Administrative Agent as an “Intercreditor Agreement” in each instance from time to time.
 
Interest Election Request” shall mean a request by Administrative Borrower to convert or continue a Revolving Borrowing in accordance with Section 2.08(b), substantially in the form of Exhibit E.
 
Interest Payment Date” shall mean (a) with respect to any ABR Loan (including Swingline Loans), the first calendar day of each April, July, October and January to occur during any period in which such Loan is outstanding, (b) with respect to any Term SOFR Loan, the last day of the Interest Period applicable to the Borrowing of which such Loan is a part and, in the case of a Term SOFR Loan with an Interest Period of more than three months’ duration, each day prior to the last day of such Interest Period that occurs at intervals of three months’ duration after the first day of such Interest Period, (c) with respect to any Revolving Loan, Incremental Revolving Loan or Swingline Loan, the Revolving Maturity Date or such earlier date on which the Revolving Commitments are terminated.
 
Interest Period” shall mean, with respect to any Term SOFR Borrowing, the period commencing on the date of such Borrowing and ending on the numerically corresponding day in the calendar month that is one, three or six months thereafter, as Administrative Borrower may elect; provided that (a) if any Interest Period would end on a day other than a Business Day, such Interest Period shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day unless such next succeeding Business Day would fall in the next calendar month, in which case such Interest Period shall end on the next preceding Business Day, and (b) any Interest Period that commences on the last Business Day of a calendar month (or on a day for which there is no numerically corresponding day in the last calendar month of such Interest Period) shall end on the last Business Day of the last calendar month of such Interest Period. For purposes hereof, the date of a Borrowing initially shall be the date on which such Borrowing is made and thereafter shall be the effective date of the most recent conversion or continuation of such Borrowing; provided, however, that an Interest Period shall be limited to the extent required under Section 2.03(d).
 
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Intermediate Products” shall mean hydrocarbon intermediate products and blendstocks. For the avoidance of doubt, Intermediate Products shall not include Certain Hydrocarbon Assets.
 
Inventory” shall mean all “inventory,” as such term is defined in the UCC as in effect on the date hereof in the State of New York, wherever located, in which any Person now or hereafter has rights.
 
Investment Grade” shall mean, with respect to any Person (including Account Debtors), Persons having (or the relevant obligation of which Persons are guaranteed by other Persons having) ratings of Baa3 or higher from Moody’s Investors Service Inc. or BBB- or higher from Standard & Poor’s Ratings Group.
 
Investments” shall mean, as to any person, any direct or indirect acquisition or investment by such person, whether by means of (i) the purchase or other acquisition of Equity Interests or debt or other securities of another person, (ii) a loan, advance or capital contribution to, guarantee or assumption of Indebtedness of, or purchase or other acquisition of any other debt or equity participation or interest in, another person, including any partnership or joint venture interest in such other person, (iii) the purchase or ownership of a futures contract, or becoming liable for the sale or purchase of currency or commodities at a future date in the nature of a futures contract, or (iv) the purchase or other acquisition (in one transaction or a series of transactions) of all or substantially all of the property and assets or business of another person or assets constituting a business unit, line of business or division of such person. Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Agreement, the amount of an Investment will be its fair market value as determined at the time the Investment is made and without giving effect to subsequent changes in value. To the extent the giving of a Guarantee or other credit support or similar liability results in an Investment, the value of such Investment outstanding at any time of determination will be reduced upon the expiration, reduction, termination or cancellation of such Guarantee, credit support or liability in an amount equal to the Guarantee, credit support or liability expired, reduced, terminated or cancelled. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, in the case of any Investment made by any Company in a Person substantially concurrently with a cash distribution by such Person to any Company (a “Concurrent Cash Distribution”), then the amount of such Investment shall be deemed to be the fair market value of the Investment, less the amount of the Concurrent Cash Distribution.
 
Issuing Bank” shall mean, as the context may require, (a) Bank of America, N.A., Bank OZK, Citibank, N.A., MUFG Bank Ltd., PNC Bank, National Association, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, Citizens Bank, N.A. (including, in each case, any respective Lending Office thereof), and each Lender or Affiliate of a Lender that has agreed with the Borrowers and the Administrative Agent to be an Issuing Bank hereunder, in its capacity as an issuer of Letters of Credit issued by it; (b) any other Lender or Affiliate of a Lender that may become an Issuing Bank pursuant to Sections 2.18(j) and (k) in its capacity as issuer of Letters of Credit issued by such Lender, and/or (c) collectively, all of the foregoing. For the avoidance of doubt, there may be one or more Issuing Banks and each Issuing Bank shall be an “Issuing Bank” hereunder from the date such Person becomes an Issuing Bank through the Revolving Maturity Date (unless otherwise consented to by the Borrowers in writing).
 
Joinder Agreement” shall mean a joinder agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit F.
 
Joint Lead Arrangers” shall mean Bank of America, N.A., Citibank, N.A., MUFG Bank, Ltd., Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, NYCB Specialty Finance Company, LLC, Bank OZK, Barclays Bank PLC, PNC Bank, National Association, Regions Bank, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation and Truist Securities, Inc., in each case in their respective capacity as a joint lead arranger and joint bookrunner hereunder.
 
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Landlord Access Agreement” shall mean a Landlord Access Agreement, substantially in the form of Exhibit G, or such other form as may reasonably be acceptable to the Administrative Agent.
 
Last-Out Portion” shall mean, from time to time, the excess of Hedging Obligations incurred pursuant to Hedging Agreements entered into with Lenders or any of their Affiliates over the Hedging Reserves.
 
Latest Maturity Date” shall mean, as of any date of determination, the latest maturity or expiration date applicable to any Loan or Commitment hereunder at such time, including the latest maturity or expiration date of any Incremental Revolving Loan, Incremental Revolving Commitment, Refinancing Revolving Loan or Refinancing Loan Commitment.
 
LC Commitment” shall mean the commitment of an Issuing Bank to issue Letters of Credit pursuant to Section 2.18. The aggregate amount of the LC Commitments of all Issuing Banks in the aggregate shall be $1,275,000,000 as of the Effective Date plus the amount of any additional LC Commitments agreed to by the Borrowers and any existing or future Issuing Banks from time to time, but in no event shall (i) the aggregate amount of the LC Commitments of all Issuing Banks exceed the Revolving Commitment or (ii) the LC Commitment of any one Issuing Bank exceed the amount agreed to by such Issuing Bank with the Borrowers and the Administrative Agent, except as provided in Section 2.18(a). The LC Commitment of each Issuing Bank on the Effective Date shall be the amount set forth on Annex IV hereto.
 
LC Disbursement” shall mean a payment or disbursement made by an Issuing Bank pursuant to a drawing under a Letter of Credit.
 
LC Exposure” shall mean at any time the sum (without duplication) of (a) the aggregate undrawn amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit at such time plus (b) the aggregate principal amount of all Reimbursement Obligations outstanding at such time. The LC Exposure of any Revolving Lender at any time shall mean its Pro Rata Percentage of the aggregate LC Exposure at such time.
 
LC Participation Fee” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.05(c).
 
LC Request” shall mean a request by Administrative Borrower in accordance with the terms of Section 2.18(b) and substantially in the form of Exhibit H, or such other form as shall be approved by the Administrative Agent.
 
LCT Test Date” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 1.06(b).
 
Leases” shall mean any and all leases, subleases, tenancies, options, concession agreements, rental agreements, occupancy agreements, franchise agreements, access agreements and any other similar agreements (including all amendments, extensions, replacements, renewals, modifications and/or guarantees thereof), whether or not of record and whether now in existence or hereafter entered into, affecting the use or occupancy of all or any portion of any Real Property.
 
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Lender Default” shall mean (i) the refusal or failure of any Lender to make available its portion of any incurrence of Revolving Loans, which refusal or failure is not cured within two Business Days after the date of such refusal or failure unless such Lender notifies the Administrative Agent and the Borrowers in writing that such failure is the result of such Lender’s determination in good faith that one or more conditions precedent to funding (each of which conditions precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing); (ii) the failure of any Lender to pay over to the Administrative Agent, any Issuing Bank or any other Lender any other amount required to be paid by it hereunder (including the funding of any participation in any Letter of Credit) within two Business Days of the date when due; (iii) the notification by a Lender to the Borrowers or the Administrative Agent that such Lender does not intend or expect to comply with any of its funding obligations hereunder or a public statement by a Lender to that effect with respect to such Lender’s funding obligations hereunder; (iv) the failure by a Lender to confirm in a manner reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent that such Lender will comply with such Lender’s obligations hereunder; or (v) the admission in writing by a Distressed Person that it is insolvent or such Distressed Person becoming subject to a Lender-Related Distress Event or a Bail-In Action.
 
Lender-Related Distress Event” shall mean, with respect to any Lender, that such Lender or any Person that directly or indirectly controls such Lender (each, a “Distressed Person”), as the case may be, other than via Undisclosed Administration, is or becomes subject to a voluntary or involuntary case with respect to such Distressed Person under any debt relief law, or a custodian, conservator, receiver, or similar official is appointed for such Distressed Person or any substantial part of such Distressed Person’s assets, or such Distressed Person, or any Person that directly or indirectly controls such Distressed Person is subject to a forced liquidation or such Distressed Person makes a general assignment for the benefit of creditors or is otherwise adjudicated as, or determined by any Governmental Authority having regulatory authority over such Distressed Person or its assets to be, insolvent or bankrupt; provided that a Lender-Related Distress Event shall not be deemed to have occurred solely by virtue of the ownership or acquisition of any equity interests in any Lender or any Person that directly or indirectly controls such Lender by a Governmental Authority or an instrumentality thereof.
 
Lenders” shall mean (a) the financial institutions that have become a party hereto upon execution of this Agreement on the Effective Date and (b) any financial institution that has become a party hereto pursuant to an Increase Joinder or an Assignment and Assumption, other than, in each case, any such financial institution that has ceased to be a party hereto pursuant to an Assignment and Assumption. Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the term “Lenders” shall include the Swingline Lender.
 
Letter of Credit” shall mean any (i) Standby Letter of Credit and (ii) Commercial Letter of Credit, in each case, issued or to be issued by an Issuing Bank for the account of a Borrower on behalf of itself or any of its Subsidiaries pursuant to Section 2.18. The Letters of Credit set forth on Schedule 1.01(a) outstanding on the Effective Date shall be deemed to have been issued by the respective Issuing Bank set forth on such Schedule pursuant to this Agreement and to constitute “Letters of Credit” for all purposes hereunder.
 
Letter of Credit Expiration Date” shall mean the date which is five (5) Business Days prior to the Revolving Maturity Date.
 
Lien” shall mean, with respect to any property, (a) any mortgage, deed of trust, lien, pledge, encumbrance, charge, collateral assignment, hypothecation, security interest or encumbrance of any kind or any arrangement effective to provide priority or preference, or any filing of any financing statement under the UCC, in each case, effective to provide priority or preference over unsecured creditors or any other similar notice of lien under any similar notice or recording statute of any Governmental Authority, including any easement, right-of-way or other encumbrance on title to Real Property, in each of the foregoing cases whether voluntary or imposed by law; (b) the interest of a vendor or a lessor under any conditional sale agreement, capital lease or title retention agreement (or any financing lease having substantially the same economic effect as any of the foregoing) relating to such property; and (c) in the case of securities, any purchase option, call or similar right of a third party with respect to such securities.
 
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Limited Condition Transaction” means any Permitted Acquisition or other Investment, repayment of Indebtedness or Dividend, in each case, the consummation of which is not conditioned on the availability of, or on obtaining, third party financing.
 
Line Cap” shall mean, as of any date of determination, the lesser of (a) the then current aggregate Revolving Commitments of the Lenders and (b) the Borrowing Base, in each case, as of such date of determination.
 
Loan Documents” shall mean this Agreement, the Letters of Credit, the Intercreditor Agreements, the Notes (if any), the Security Documents and the Fee Letter.
 
Loan Parties” shall mean the Borrowers and the Subsidiary Guarantors.
 
Loans” shall mean, as the context may require, a Revolving Loan or a Swingline Loan (and shall include any Loans contemplated by Section 2.20).
 
Margin Stock” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Regulation U.
 
Material Adverse Effect” shall mean (a) a material adverse effect on the business, property, results of operations or financial condition of Borrowers and their Subsidiaries, taken as a whole; (b) a material adverse effect on the ability of the Loan Parties to fully perform their respective payment obligations under any Loan Document; or (c) a material adverse effect on the rights of or benefits or remedies available to the Lenders, the Collateral Agent or the Administrative Agent under any Loan Document; provided, however, that in no event shall any effect that results from any of the following be deemed to constitute a Material Adverse Effect: (i) this Agreement, the Loan Documents or any actions taken in compliance with this Agreement or the Loan Documents, or the pendency or announcement thereof; (ii) changes or conditions generally affecting the industry in which the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries operate; (iii) changes in general economic, regulatory or political conditions (including interest rate, commodities and currency fluctuations); (iv) changes in law or Environmental Laws; (v) changes in accounting principles; or (vi) acts of war, insurrection, sabotage or terrorism, unless, in the case of each of the clauses (iii)-(vi) above, such change has a disproportionate effect on the Borrowers and their Subsidiaries or their assets as compared to the effect on other participants in the industry or their assets, as the case may be.
 
Material Indebtedness” shall mean any Indebtedness (other than the Loans, Letters of Credit) or Hedging Obligations of Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) in an aggregate outstanding principal amount exceeding $100,000,000. For purposes of determining Material Indebtedness, the “principal amount” in respect of any Hedging Obligations of any Loan Party at any time shall be the maximum aggregate amount (giving effect to any netting or set-off agreements) that such Loan Party would be required to pay if the related Hedging Agreement were terminated at such time.
 
Maximum Rate” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.14.
 
Mexican Entity” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 6.01(ff).
 
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MLP Drop Down and Railcar Assets” means (i) the assets of Holdings, the Borrowers and/or their Subsidiaries identified on Schedule 1.01(c) and (ii) the additional assets (whether real or personal, tangible or intangible or otherwise) relating to gathering, transporting and storing crude oil and to distributing, transporting and storing refined products of Holdings, the Borrowers and/or their Subsidiaries identified by the Administrative Borrower from time to time in writing to the Administrative Agent as “MLP Drop Down and Railcar Assets”.
 
MNPI” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.01(d).
 
Multiemployer Plan” shall mean a multiemployer plan within the meaning of Section 4001(a)(3) (a) to which any Company or any ERISA Affiliate is then making or accruing an obligation to make contributions; (b) to which any Company or any ERISA Affiliate has within the preceding five plan years made contributions; or (c) with respect to which any Company could incur liability.
 
Net Cash Proceeds” shall mean:
 
(a)          with respect to any Asset Sale (other than any issuance or sale of Equity Interests) or Casualty Event, the cash proceeds actually received by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) (including cash proceeds subsequently received (as and when received by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries (other than an Excluded Subsidiary)) in respect of non-cash consideration initially received) net of (i) selling expenses (including reasonable brokers’ fees or commissions, legal, accounting and other professional, advisory, consulting, investment banking and transactional fees, transfer and similar taxes and Borrowers’ good faith estimate of income taxes actually paid or payable in connection with such sale); (ii) amounts provided as a reserve, in accordance with GAAP, against (x) any liabilities under any indemnification obligations associated with such Asset Sale or (y) any other liabilities retained by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries associated with the properties sold in such Asset Sale (provided that, to the extent and at the time any such amounts are released from such reserve, such amounts shall then constitute Net Cash Proceeds); (iii) Borrowers’ good faith estimate of payments required to be made with respect to unassumed liabilities relating to the properties sold within 270 days of such Asset Sale (provided that, to the extent such cash proceeds are not used to make payments in respect of such unassumed liabilities within 270 days of such Asset Sale, such cash proceeds shall then constitute Net Cash Proceeds); (iv) the principal amount, premium or penalty, if any, interest and other amounts on any Indebtedness or indebtedness which is secured by a Lien on the properties sold in such Asset Sale (so long as such Lien was permitted to encumber such properties under the Loan Documents at the time of such sale) and which is repaid with such proceeds (other than any such Indebtedness or indebtedness assumed by the purchaser of such properties); (v) any survey costs, title insurance premiums, and related search and recording charges, transfer taxes, deed or mortgage recording taxes, other customary expenses and brokerage, consultant and other customary fees in respect of any such Asset Sale; and (vi) taxes paid or reasonably estimated to be actually payable in connection therewith; and
 
(b)          with respect to any Equity Issuance or any other issuance or sale of Equity Interests by Parent, Holdings or any of Holdings’ Subsidiaries, the cash proceeds thereof, net of customary fees, commissions, costs and other expenses incurred in connection therewith.
 
Non-Guarantor Subsidiary” shall mean each Subsidiary that is not a Subsidiary Guarantor (including any Excluded Subsidiary).
 
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Notes” shall mean any notes evidencing the Revolving Loans or Swingline Loans issued pursuant to this Agreement, if any, substantially in the form of Exhibit K-1, or K-2.
 
Obligations” shall mean (a) obligations of Borrowers and the other Loan Parties from time to time arising under or in respect of the due and punctual payment of (i) the principal of and premium, if any, and interest (including interest accruing during the pendency of any bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership or other similar proceeding, regardless of whether allowed or allowable in such proceeding) on the Loans, when and as due, whether at maturity, by acceleration, upon one or more dates set for prepayment or otherwise, (ii) each payment required to be made by Borrowers and the other Loan Parties under this Agreement in respect of any Letter of Credit, when and as due, including payments in respect of Reimbursement Obligations, interest thereon and obligations to provide cash collateral and (iii) all other monetary obligations, including fees, costs, expenses and indemnities, whether primary, secondary, direct, contingent, fixed or otherwise (including monetary obligations incurred during the pendency of any bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership or other similar proceeding, regardless of whether allowed or allowable in such proceeding), of Borrowers and the other Loan Parties under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, and (b) the due and punctual performance of all covenants, agreements, obligations and liabilities of Borrowers and the other Loan Parties under or pursuant to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.
 
OFAC” shall have the meaning set forth in the definition of “Embargoed Person.”
 
Officers’ Certificate” shall mean a certificate executed by a Responsible Officer or, with respect to certificates other than as to financial, borrowing base and/or other collateral matters, any other officer of a Loan Party, in each case in his or her official (and not individual) capacity.
 
Off-Take Agreements” shall mean (i) any off-take agreement with respect to hydrocarbon inventory or products and (ii) other similar hydrocarbon inventory or products agreements or arrangements.
 
Oil Supply Agreements” shall mean any agreement entered into to provide for the supply of oil or other similar hydrocarbons.
 
Organizational Documents” shall mean, with respect to any person, (i) in the case of any corporation, the certificate of incorporation and by-laws (or similar documents) of such person, (ii) in the case of any limited liability company, the certificate of formation and operating agreement (or similar documents) of such person, (iii) in the case of any limited partnership, the certificate of formation and limited partnership agreement (or similar documents) of such person, (iv) in the case of any general partnership, the partnership agreement (or similar document) of such person and (v) in any other case, the functional equivalent of the foregoing.
 
Original Effective Date” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the recitals hereto.
 
Other Connection Taxes” means, with respect to the Administrative Agent, any Lender, or any Issuing Bank, Taxes imposed as a result of a present or former connection between such Administrative Agent, Lender, or Issuing Bank and the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (other than connections arising from such Administrative Agent, Lender, or Issuing Bank having executed, delivered, become a party to, performed its obligations under, received payments under, received or perfected a security interest under, engaged in any other transaction pursuant to or enforced any Loan Document, or sold or assigned an interest in any Loan or Loan Document).
 
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Other Taxes” shall mean all present or future stamp or documentary Taxes or any other excise, property or similar Taxes, charges or levies arising from any payment made hereunder or under any other Loan Document or from the execution, delivery or enforcement of, or otherwise with respect to, this Agreement or any other Loan Document (and any interest, additions to Tax or penalties applicable thereto) except any such Taxes that are Other Connection Taxes imposed with respect to an assignment or a participation (other than an assignee pursuant to a request by Administrative Borrower under Section 2.16).
 
Overadvance” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.02(f).
 
Paid But Unexpired Standby Letters of Credit” shall mean during a Post Supplier Payment Period, the undrawn amount under an outstanding Standby Letter of Credit issued to support the purchase of hydrocarbon Inventory of a Borrower as of such date of determination where the supplier of such hydrocarbon Inventory in connection with which such Standby Letter of Credit was specifically issued has been paid in full and therefore is not entitled to draw on such Standby Letter of Credit, in whole or in part.
 
Parent” shall mean PBF Energy Company LLC, a Delaware limited liability company.
 
Participant” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.04(d).
 
Participant Register” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.04(d).
 
Paulsboro Facility” shall mean Paulsboro’s petroleum refinery and all related assets and properties located in Paulsboro, New Jersey.
 
Payment in Full” shall mean the payment in full of all Secured Obligations (other than (A) Unasserted Contingent Obligations and (B) obligations and liabilities under Hedging Agreements and Treasury Services Agreements as to which arrangements satisfactory to the applicable counterparties to each such agreement shall have been made), the cancellation or termination of the Commitments and the cancellation or expiration of all outstanding Letters of Credit (or the cash collateralization or back-stopping thereof on terms reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and the relevant Issuing Bank), and the terms “Pay in Full” and “Paid in Full” shall have meanings correlative thereto.
 
PBF Finance” shall mean PBF Finance Corporation, a Delaware corporation.
 
PBGC” shall mean the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation referred to and defined in ERISA.
 
Perfection Certificates” shall mean that certain Perfection Certificate delivered by the Borrowers to the Administrative Agent on the Effective Date, substantially in the form of Exhibit L-1 or any other form approved by the Administrative Agent, as the same shall be supplemented from time to time by a Perfection Certificate Supplement or otherwise.
 
Perfection Certificate Supplement” shall mean a certificate supplement substantially in the form of Exhibit L-2 or any other form approved by the Administrative Agent.
 
Permitted Acquisition” shall mean any transaction for the (a) acquisition of all or substantially all of the property of any person, or of any business or division, or business line or unit of any person; or (b) acquisition (including by merger or consolidation) of the Equity Interests of any person that becomes a Subsidiary after giving effect to such transaction; provided that each of the following conditions shall be met:
 
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(i)          no Specified Event of Default then exists or would result therefrom (and at the time of signing of the relevant Acquisition Agreement no Event of Default then exists or would result therefrom);
 
(ii)       subject to Section 1.06(b), after giving effect to such transaction (or, at the option of the Administrative Borrower, at the time of signing of the relevant Acquisition Agreement), Pro Forma Excess Availability is greater than the Threshold Amount;
 
(iii)        [Reserved];
 
(iv)       the person or business to be acquired shall be, or shall be engaged in, a business of the type that Borrowers and the Subsidiaries are permitted to be engaged in under Section 6.12 and the property acquired in connection with any such transaction shall be made subject to the Lien of the Security Documents (in each case, except to the extent the equivalent assets of a Loan Party (such Loan Party as of the date hereof) are not required to be subject to the Lien of the Security Documents) to the extent required by Section 5.10 hereof and shall be free and clear of any Liens, other than Permitted Liens (in each case, to the extent, and within the time period set forth in Article V of this Agreement and only to the extent the Administrative Borrower has not made an election under Section 5.18(b));
 
(v)       the Board of Directors of the person to be acquired shall not have indicated publicly its opposition to the consummation of such acquisition (unless such opposition has been publicly withdrawn);
 
(vi)      all transactions in connection therewith shall be consummated without violation of any material applicable Requirements of Law, except, in each case, as would not constitute a breach or violation of the terms and conditions of the underlying Acquisition Agreement as in effect from time to time;
 
(vii)       [Reserved];
 
(viii)      No later than upon consummation of the transaction, Administrative Borrower shall have delivered to the Agents and the Lenders an Officers’ Certificate certifying that such transaction complies with this definition (which shall have attached thereto reasonably detailed backup data and calculations showing such compliance); and
 
(ix)      the business to be acquired and its Subsidiaries, shall, subject to an election by Administrative Borrower under Section 5.18(b), become Subsidiary Guarantors in accordance with Section 5.10.
 
Permitted Amendment” shall mean an amendment to this Agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, setting forth the terms and conditions of Permitted Amendment Loans and/or Commitments made in accordance with and pursuant to Section 10.19 of this Agreement.
 
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Permitted Liens” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 6.02.
 
Permitted Receivables Sale” shall mean the sale of Designated Accounts Receivable in an aggregate amount not to exceed the Purchased Receivables Cap.
 
Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness” means any Indebtedness of any Loan Party issued in exchange for, or the net proceeds of which are used to refund, refinance, replace, defease or discharge, other Indebtedness of such Person (other than intercompany Indebtedness); provided that (a) the principal amount (or accreted value, if applicable) of such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness does not exceed the principal amount (or accreted value, if applicable) of the Indebtedness extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased or refunded (plus all accrued interest on such Indebtedness and the amount of all expenses and premiums, underwriting, issuance, commitment, syndication and other similar fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection therewith); (b) such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness has a weighted average life to maturity equal to or greater than the weighted average life to maturity of the Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased or refunded; (c) if the Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased or refunded is subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations, such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness is subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations on terms at least as favorable to the Lenders as those contained in the documentation governing the Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased or refunded; (d)(i) if the stated maturity of the Indebtedness being refinanced is earlier than the Latest Maturity Date, the Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness has a stated maturity no earlier than the stated maturity of the Indebtedness being refinanced or (ii) if the stated maturity of the Indebtedness being refinanced is on or later than the Latest Maturity Date, the Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness has a stated maturity at least 91 days later than the Latest Maturity Date; and (e) (i) if such Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased or refunded is secured, the terms of the security documents of such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness shall be (taken as a whole) no more favorable to the secured parties in respect of such Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness than the terms of the security documents of such Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased or refunded; or (ii) if such Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed, replaced, defeased or refunded is unsecured, the obligations in respect of such Permitted Refinancing Debt shall be unsecured.
 
Permitted Tax Distributions” shall mean payments, dividends or distributions by Borrowers, Subsidiary Guarantors and their respective Subsidiaries in order for any of their owners (direct or indirect) or any Loan Party to pay federal, state or local income and franchise taxes attributable to the income of Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries in an amount not to exceed the income and franchise tax liabilities that are attributable to them based upon the income of Holdings and its Subsidiaries, reduced by any such income taxes paid or to be paid directly by Holdings or its Subsidiaries.
 
person” and “Person” shall mean any natural person, corporation, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, association, company, partnership, Governmental Authority or other entity.
 
Plan” shall mean any employee pension benefit plan (other than a Multiemployer Plan) subject to the provisions of Title IV of ERISA or Section 412 of the Code or Section 302 of ERISA which is maintained or contributed to by any Company or its ERISA Affiliate or with respect to which any Company could incur liability (including under Section 4069 of ERISA).
 
Post-Acquisition Period” means, with respect to any Permitted Acquisition or the conversion of any Excluded Subsidiary into a Subsidiary Guarantor, the period beginning on the date such Permitted Acquisition or conversion is consummated and ending on the last day of the fourth full consecutive fiscal quarter immediately following the date on which such Permitted Acquisition or conversion is consummated.
 
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Post Supplier Payment Period” shall mean the period commencing on the date on which a Borrower shall have paid in full all amounts owed for the purchase of hydrocarbon Inventory (the “Full Payment Date”) the payment for which was supported by a Standby Letter of Credit issued specifically for such purpose and ending on the sooner of (a) twenty one (21) days after the Full Payment Date or (b) the date the original of such Standby Letter of Credit is returned to the applicable Issuing Bank for cancellation with such instructions for cancellation as such issuer may require.
 
PR Excise Tax Exposures” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.22(i).
 
Preferred Stock” shall mean, with respect to any person, any and all preferred or preference Equity Interests (however designated) of such person whether now outstanding or issued after the Effective Date.
 
Private Side Communications” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.01(d).
 
Private Siders” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.01(d).
 
Pro Forma Adjustment” shall mean, for any Test Period that includes all or any part of a fiscal quarter included in any Post-Acquisition Period with respect to the Acquired EBITDA of the applicable Acquired Entity or Business or Converted Subsidiary or the Consolidated EBITDA of the Borrowers, (a) the pro forma increase or decrease in such Acquired EBITDA or such Consolidated EBITDA, as the case may be, that is factually supportable and is expected to have a continuing impact and (b) additional good faith pro forma adjustments arising out of cost savings initiatives attributable to such transaction and additional costs associated with the combination of the operations of such Acquired Entity or Business or Converted Subsidiary with the operations of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries, in each case being given pro forma effect, that (i) have been realized or (ii) will be implemented following such transaction and are supportable and quantifiable and expected to be realized within the succeeding twenty-four (24) months and, in each case, including, but not limited to, (w) reduction in personnel expenses, (x) reduction of costs related to administrative functions, (y) reductions of costs related to leased or owned properties and (z) reductions from the consolidation of operations and streamlining of corporate overhead, taking into account, for purposes of determining such compliance, the historical financial statements of the Acquired Entity or Business or Converted Subsidiary and the consolidated financial statements of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries, assuming such Permitted Acquisition or conversion, and all other Permitted Acquisitions or conversions that have been consummated during the period, and any Indebtedness or other liabilities repaid in connection therewith had been consummated and incurred or repaid at the beginning of such period (and assuming that such Indebtedness to be incurred bears interest during any portion of the applicable measurement period prior to the relevant acquisition at the interest rate which is or would be in effect with respect to such Indebtedness as at the relevant date of determination); provided, that, so long as such actions are initiated during such Post-Acquisition Period or such costs are incurred during such Post-Acquisition Period, as applicable, for purposes of projecting such pro forma increase or decrease to such Acquired EBITDA or such Consolidated EBITDA, as the case may be, it may be assumed that such cost savings will be realizable during the entirety of such Test Period, or such additional costs, as applicable, will be incurred during the entirety of such Test Period; provided, further, that in no event shall such amounts calculated in reliance upon clause (b) above comprise more than 20% of Consolidated EBITDA.
 
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Pro Forma Basis” and “Pro Forma Effect” shall mean, with respect to compliance with any test hereunder for an applicable period of measurement, that (A) to the extent applicable, the Pro Forma Adjustment shall have been made and (B) all Specified Transactions and the following transactions in connection therewith shall be deemed to have occurred as of the first day of the applicable period of measurement (as of the last date in the case of a balance sheet item) in such test: (a) income statement items (whether positive or negative) attributable to the property or Person subject to such Specified Transaction, (i) in the case of an Asset Sale or other disposition of all or substantially all Equity Interests in any Subsidiary of the Borrowers (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) or any division, product line, or facility used for operations of the Borrowers or any of its Subsidiary Guarantors (other than an Excluded Subsidiary), shall be excluded, and (ii) in the case of a Permitted Acquisition or Investment described in the definition of “Specified Transaction,” shall be included, (b) any retirement of Indebtedness, and (c) any Indebtedness incurred or assumed by the Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) in connection therewith and if such Indebtedness has a floating or formula rate, shall have an implied rate of interest for the applicable period for purposes of this definition determined by utilizing the rate which is or would be in effect with respect to such Indebtedness as at the relevant date of determination; provided that, without limiting the application of the Pro Forma Adjustment pursuant to (A) above, the foregoing pro forma adjustments may be applied to any such test solely to the extent that such adjustments are consistent with the definition of Consolidated EBITDA and give effect to events (including operating expense reductions) that are (as determined by the Borrower in good faith) (i) (x) attributable to such transaction, (y) expected to have a continuing impact on the Borrower and its Subsidiaries (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) and (z) factually supportable or (ii) otherwise consistent with the definition of Pro Forma Adjustment.
 
Pro Forma Excess Availability” shall mean, for any date of determination, the average Excess Availability for 30 days prior to, and including, such date, after giving effect to the transactions occurring on such date, based on assumptions and calculations reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent; it being agreed that, for purposes of calculating Pro Forma Excess Availability, unless the Administrative Agent shall otherwise agree in its reasonable discretion, no Accounts or hydrocarbon Inventory to be acquired in an Investment otherwise permitted under Section 6.04 shall be included in the Borrowing Base until the Administrative Agent shall have (i) completed a preliminary desktop examination in scope and with results reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and (ii) other than to the extent that Pro Forma Excess Availability is tested at the signing of an Acquisition Agreement pursuant to clause (ii) of the definition of Permitted Acquisition, received (A) the results of a customary physical hydrocarbon Inventory count, in scope and with results reasonably satisfactory to Administrative Agent or (B) an interim working capital inventory statement delivered by the seller (and acceptable to the purchaser pursuant to the relevant purchase or acquisition agreement); provided, that, the amount of such hydrocarbon Inventory included in the Borrowing Base shall equal the least of the amount reflected in (1) such preliminary desktop examination, (2) to the extent required, such customary physical hydrocarbon Inventory count or (3) to the extent required, such interim working capital inventory statement; provided, that, other than to the extent that Pro Forma Excess Availability is tested at the signing of an Acquisition Agreement pursuant to clause (ii) of the definition of Permitted Acquisition, such a customary physical hydrocarbon Inventory count shall be conducted; provided, further, that, such Accounts or hydrocarbon Inventory shall only be included in the Borrowing Base for a period of 45 days (or such longer period as may be agreed to by the Administrative Agent, but in no event longer than 90 days) following the completion of such desktop examination and receipt of such physical hydrocarbon Inventory count; provided, further, that following the completion of a field examination by the Administrative Agent in scope and with results reasonably satisfactory to Administrative Agent such Accounts and hydrocarbon Inventory shall thereafter be included in the Borrowing Base.
 
Pro Rata Percentage” of any Revolving Lender at any time shall mean the percentage of the total Revolving Commitments of all Revolving Lenders represented by such Lender’s Revolving Commitment; provided that for purposes of Section 2.19(b) and (c), “Pro Rata Percentage” shall mean the percentage of the total Revolving Commitments (disregarding the Revolving Commitment of any Defaulting Lender to the extent its Swingline Exposure or LC Exposure is reallocated to the non-Defaulting Lenders) represented by such Lender’s Revolving Commitment. If the Revolving Commitments have terminated or expired, the Pro Rata Percentage shall be determined based upon the Revolving Commitments most recently in effect, after giving effect to any assignments.
 
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property” shall mean any right, title or interest in or to property or assets of any kind whatsoever, whether real, personal or mixed and whether tangible or intangible and including Equity Interests or other ownership interests of any person and whether now in existence or owned or hereafter entered into or acquired, including all Real Property.
 
Public Siders” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.01(d).
 
Purchase Money Obligation” shall mean, for any person, the obligations of such person in respect of Indebtedness (including Capital Lease Obligations) incurred for the purpose of financing all or any part of the purchase price of any property (including Equity Interests of any person) or the cost of installation, construction, development or improvement of any property and any refinancing thereof; provided, however, that (i) such Indebtedness is incurred within one year after such acquisition, installation, construction or improvement of such property by such person and (ii) the amount of such Indebtedness does not exceed 100% of the cost of such acquisition, installation, construction or improvement plus any costs, fees, expenses and other liabilities related thereto, as the case may be.
 
Purchased Hydrocarbon Assets” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 6.01(v).
 
Purchased Receivables” means Designated Accounts Receivable purchased by a Receivables Purchaser under the terms of the Receivables Purchase Agreement for cash.
 
Purchased Receivables Collateral” means all Purchased Receivables and Purchased Receivables Related Security.
 
Purchased Receivables Cap” means an amount not to exceed $500,000,000 at any time outstanding of face principal amount (including, for the avoidance of doubt, any applicable sales or excise taxes thereon) of Purchased Receivables sold pursuant to the Receivables Purchase Agreement and as to which such principal amount has not been paid by the underlying obligor.
 
Purchased Receivables Collections” means, collectively (without duplication), all cash collections, wire transfers, electronic wire transfers and other cash proceeds of the Purchased Receivables, and all cash proceeds of Purchased Receivables Related Security with respect to such Purchased Receivables.
 
Purchased Receivables Related Security” means, with respect to any Purchased Receivable:

(a)          all of Holdings’ rights, remedies and obligations that relate to the collection or enforcement of such Purchased Receivable;
 
(b)          all credit insurance and other similar agreements or arrangements supporting or securing payment of such Purchased Receivable;
 
(c)         all other documents, purchase orders, invoices, books, records (other than with respect to such Purchased Receivable) and other information solely to the extent relating to such Purchased Receivable;
 
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(d)        all identifiable Purchased Receivables Collections in respect of such Purchased Receivable (including amounts on deposit in the Receivables Collection Account identifiable as proceeds of Purchased Receivables Collateral); and
 
(e)          all proceeds of any of the foregoing.
 
QFC Credit Support” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.20.
 
Qualified Capital Stock” of any person shall mean any Equity Interests of such person that are not Disqualified Capital Stock.
 
Railcar Financing” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 6.01.
 
Real Property” shall mean, collectively, all right, title and interest (including any leasehold, mineral or other estate) in and to any and all parcels of or interests in real property owned, leased or operated by any person, whether by lease, license or other means, together with, in each case, all easements, hereditaments and appurtenances relating thereto, all improvements and appurtenant fixtures and equipment, all general intangibles and contract rights and other property and rights incidental to the ownership, lease or operation thereof.
 
Receivables Agent” means Citibank, N.A.
 
Receivables Collection Account” means the account of Holdings maintained at Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. into which all Purchased Receivables Collections in respect of Purchased Receivables are paid by the applicable customer, which Receivables Collections Account shall, at all times, constitute a Blocked Account hereunder.
 
Receivables Intercreditor Agreement” shall mean that certain Intercreditor Agreement, dated as of February 18, 2020, entered into by and among Collateral Agent, Receivables Agent and Holdings, as amended, restated, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.
 
Receivables Purchase Agreement” shall mean that certain Receivables Purchase Agreement, dated as of February 18, 2020, entered into by and among Holdings, the financial institutions from time to time party thereto as Purchasers (each a “Receivables Purchaser” and collectively, the “Receivables Purchasers”) and Citibank, N.A. as Agent, as amended, restated, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time to the extent not in violation of the terms of the Receivables Intercreditor Agreement.
 
Receivables Purchase End Period” means the earlier of (i) an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, or (ii) (I) any day on which Excess Availability is less than or equal to the greater of (a) 17.5% of the Line Cap or (b) $175,000,000 and (II) notice has been given by the Collateral Agent to the Receivables Agent of the occurrence of the circumstances described in subclause (ii); provided that any such Receivables Purchase End Period under subclause (ii) shall continue until Excess Availability shall have exceeded the greater of (a) 17.5% of the Line Cap or (b) $175,000,000, for a period of at least forty five (45) consecutive days.
 
Receivables Purchaser” and “Receivables Purchasers” have the meanings assigned to such terms in the definition of “Receivables Purchase Agreement”.
 
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Refinancing Loan Commitments” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.20(e).
 
Refinancing Loans” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.20(e).
 
Register” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.04(c).
 
Regulation D” shall mean Regulation D of the Board as from time to time in effect and all official rulings and interpretations thereunder or thereof.
 
Regulation S-X” shall mean Regulation S-X promulgated under the Securities Act.
 
Regulation T” shall mean Regulation T of the Board as from time to time in effect and all official rulings and interpretations thereunder or thereof.
 
Regulation U” shall mean Regulation U of the Board as from time to time in effect and all official rulings and interpretations thereunder or thereof.
 
Regulation X” shall mean Regulation X of the Board as from time to time in effect and all official rulings and interpretations thereunder or thereof.
 
Reimbursement Obligations” shall mean Borrowers’ obligations under Section 2.18(e) to reimburse LC Disbursements.
 
Related Parties” shall mean, with respect to any person, such person’s Affiliates and the partners, directors, officers, employees, agents and advisors of such person and of such person’s Affiliates.
 
Release” shall mean any spilling, leaking, seepage, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping, disposing, depositing, dispersing, emanating or migrating of any Hazardous Material in, into, onto or through the Environment.
 
Required Lenders” shall mean Lenders having more than 50% of the sum of all Loans outstanding, LC Exposure and unused Commitments; provided that the Loans, LC Exposure and unused Commitments held or deemed held by any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Lenders.
 
Requirements of Law” shall mean, collectively, any and all applicable requirements of any Governmental Authority including any and all laws, judgments, orders, executive orders, decrees, ordinances, rules, regulations, statutes or case law.
 
Rescindable Amount” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.14(e).
 
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Reserves” shall be determined by the Collateral Agent from time to time, acting reasonably and in good faith, pursuant to standards and practices generally applied by the Collateral Agent (from the standpoint of an asset-based lender) to borrowing base debtors in the refining markets, and shall not limit Borrowing Availability on account of conditions or circumstances already addressed in the eligibility criteria for the assets in the Borrowing Base and/or otherwise result in a duplicative adverse impact on Borrowing Availability under the Borrowing Base and shall not include Hedging Reserves. Once the Reserves have been so determined by the Collateral Agent, the Reserves will not be changed in a manner adverse to the Borrowers except to address circumstances, conditions, events or contingencies underlying the determination of the Reserves that adversely impact the value of the Borrowing Base, and then only in a manner and to an extent that bears a reasonable relationship to changes in circumstances, conditions, events or contingencies; provided that circumstances, conditions, events or contingencies arising prior to the Effective Date of which the Collateral Agent have actual knowledge prior to the Effective Date shall not be the basis for any establishment or modification of any Reserve unless such circumstances, conditions, events or contingencies shall have changed since the Effective Date. Any Reserves established by the Collateral Agent with respect to the value of Eligible Positive Exchange Agreement Balances as provided in the proviso of such definition shall not be duplicative of any other Reserve. For the avoidance of doubt, “Reserves” shall include (i) any Senior Notes Reserve and (ii) any other Reserves established by the Collateral Agent, acting reasonably and in good faith, pursuant to standards and practices generally applied by the Collateral Agent (from the standpoint of an asset-based lender) with respect to cash collections relating to Purchased Receivables and amounts for which Holdings is responsible relating to dilution and other matters which would reasonably be expected to adversely affect the Borrowing Base (from the standpoint of an asset-based lender).
 
Resolution Authority” shall mean an EEA Resolution Authority or, with respect to any UK Financial Institution, a UK Resolution Authority
 
Response” shall mean (a) “response” as such term is defined in CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9601(24), and (b) all other actions required by any Governmental Authority or voluntarily undertaken to (i) clean up, remove, treat, abate or in any other way address any Hazardous Material in the Environment; (ii) prevent the Release or threat of Release, or minimize the further Release, of any Hazardous Material; or (iii) perform studies and investigations in connection with, or as a precondition to, or to determine the necessity of the activities described in, clause (i) or (ii) above.
 
Responsible Officer” of any person shall mean any executive officer or Financial Officer of such person and any other officer or similar official thereof with responsibility for the administration of the obligations of such person in respect of this Agreement.
 
Revolving Availability Period” shall mean the period from and including the Effective Date to but excluding the earlier of (A) the Business Day preceding the Revolving Maturity Date and (B) the date of termination of the Revolving Commitments.
 
Revolving Borrowing” shall mean a Borrowing comprised of Revolving Loans.
 
Revolving Commitment” shall mean, with respect to each Lender, the commitment, if any, of such Lender to make Revolving Loans hereunder, up to the amount set forth on Annex IV hereto or by an Increase Joinder, or in the Assignment and Assumption pursuant to which such Lender assumed its Revolving Commitment, as applicable, as the same may be (a) reduced from time to time pursuant to Section 2.07 and (b) reduced or increased from time to time pursuant to assignments by or to such Lender pursuant to Section 10.04. The aggregate amount of the Lenders’ Revolving Commitments on the Effective Date is $3,500,000,000 (the Loans thereunder, the “Initial Revolving Loans”).
 
Revolving Credit Priority Collateral” shall mean (i) all deposit accounts of any Loan Party (other than Excluded Accounts) as well as all funds on deposit therein, (ii) all Accounts of any Loan Party, (iii) all hydrocarbon Inventory of any Loan Party, (iv) all related instruments, letters of credit, letter of credit rights, credit support, insurance, chattel paper, documents, supporting obligations, related payment intangibles, cash, cash equivalents, other related rights, claims, causes of action, books and records, accounting systems and other similar personal property of any Loan Party and (v) any proceeds or products of any of the foregoing. For the avoidance of doubt, “Revolving Credit Priority Collateral” shall not include (x) any plant, property or equipment of any Loan Party or (y) any Purchased Receivables Collateral.
 
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Revolving Exposure” shall mean, with respect to any Lender at any time (without duplication), the aggregate principal amount at such time of all then outstanding Revolving Loans of such Lender, plus the aggregate amount at such time of such Lender’s LC Exposure, plus the aggregate amount at such time of such Lender’s Swingline Exposure.
 
Revolving Lender” shall mean a Lender with a Revolving Commitment.
 
Revolving Loan” shall mean a Loan made by the Lenders to Borrowers pursuant to Section 2.02. Each Revolving Loan shall either be an ABR Revolving Loan or a Term SOFR Loan.
 
Revolving Maturity Date” shall mean with respect to (i) the Revolving Commitments and the Loans thereunder, the date which is five (5) years after the Effective Date, and (ii) any Refinancing Loan Commitments and the Refinancing Loans thereunder, the date set forth in the amendment giving effect thereto.
 
Sale and Leaseback Transaction” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 6.03.
 
Sarbanes-Oxley Act” shall mean the United States Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended, and all rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
 
Secured Obligations” shall mean (a) the Obligations, (b) other than to the extent prohibited by applicable law (including, without limitation, the Dodd Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act), the due and punctual payment and performance of all obligations of Borrowers and the other Loan Parties under each Hedging Agreement entered into with any counterparty that is a Secured Party; provided, however, that such obligations shall have been designated as Secured Obligations in a writing from the Borrowers to the Administrative Agent and (c) the due and punctual payment and performance of all obligations of Borrowers and the other Loan Parties (including overdrafts and related liabilities) under each Treasury Services Agreement entered into with any counterparty that is a Secured Party.
 
Secured Parties” shall mean, collectively, the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent, each other Agent, each Issuing Bank, the Lenders and each counterparty to a (a) Treasury Services Agreement if at the time of entering into such Treasury Services Agreement such person was an Agent or a Lender or an Affiliate of an Agent or a Lender and such person executes and delivers to the Administrative Agent a letter agreement in form and substance acceptable to the Administrative Agent pursuant to which such person (i) appoints the Collateral Agent as its agent under the applicable Loan Documents and (ii) agrees to be bound by the provisions of Sections 9.03, 10.03 and 10.09 as if it were a Lender or (b) Hedging Agreement if at the time of entering into such Hedging Agreement such Person has been designated as a Secured Party in a writing from the Borrowers to the Administrative Agent and such Person executes and delivers to the Administrative Agent a letter agreement in form and substance acceptable to the Administrative Agent pursuant to which such person (i) appoints the Collateral Agent as its agent under the applicable Loan Documents and (ii) agrees to be bound by the provisions of Sections 9.03, 10.03 and 10.09 as if it were a Lender.
 
Securities Act” shall mean the Securities Act of 1933.
 
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Security Agreement” shall mean that certain Security Agreement, dated as of the Original Effective Date, among the Loan Parties party thereto and the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties, as amended, restated, supplemented, reaffirmed or otherwise modified from time to time.
 
Security Agreement Collateral” shall mean all property pledged, granted or reaffirmed as collateral pursuant to the Security Agreement (a) on the Original Effective Date or (b) thereafter pursuant to Section 5.10 (it being agreed and understood that such Security Agreement Collateral shall be limited in any event to Revolving Credit Priority Collateral).
 
Security Documents” shall mean the Security Agreement, and each other security document or pledge agreement delivered in accordance with applicable local or foreign law to grant a valid, perfected security interest in any property as collateral for the Secured Obligations, and all UCC or other financing statements or instruments of perfection required by this Agreement, the Security Agreement or any other such security document or pledge agreement to be filed with respect to the security interests in property and fixtures created pursuant to the Security Agreement and any other document or instrument utilized to pledge or grant or purport to pledge or grant a security interest or lien on any property as collateral for the Secured Obligations.
 
Senior Notes Reserve” means a Reserve in an amount equal to the portion, if any, of the then outstanding amount of all obligations under the 2028 Senior Notes that has not been repaid or refinanced (with a maturity date of such refinanced notes more than ninety (90) days after the Revolving Maturity Date), established no earlier than the date that is ninety one (91) days prior to the applicable maturity date thereof.
 
SOFR” shall mean the secured overnight financing rate as administered by FRBNY (or a successor administrator).
 
SOFR Adjustment” shall mean 0.10%.
 
Specified Event of Default” shall mean an Event of Default existing pursuant to Section 8.01(a), (b), (g) or (h) of this Agreement.
 
Specified Transaction” means any Investment, Asset Sale or other disposition outside of the ordinary course of business, incurrence or repayment of Indebtedness, Dividend, Subsidiary designation as an Excluded Subsidiary or as a Subsidiary Guarantor (as applicable), or Incremental Revolving Commitments that by the terms of this Agreement requires such test to be calculated on a “Pro Forma Basis” or after giving “Pro Forma Effect”; provided that any such Specified Transaction (other than a Dividend) having an aggregate value of less than $25,000,000 shall not be calculated on a “Pro Forma Basis” or after giving “Pro Forma Effect.”
 
Standby Letter of Credit” shall mean any standby letter of credit.
 
Subordinated Debt Payment” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 6.10(a).
 
Subordinated Indebtedness” shall mean Indebtedness of any Loan Party that is by its terms subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations of Borrowers and the Subsidiary Guarantors, as applicable, on terms reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent.
 
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Subsidiary” shall mean, with respect to any person (the “parent”) at any date, (i) any person the accounts of which would be consolidated with those of the parent in the parent’s consolidated financial statements if such financial statements were prepared in accordance with GAAP as of such date, (ii) any other corporation, limited liability company, association or other business entity of which securities or other ownership interests representing more than 50% of the voting power of all Equity Interests entitled (without regard to the occurrence of any contingency) to vote in the election of the Board of Directors thereof are, as of such date, owned, controlled or held by the parent and/or one or more subsidiaries of the parent, (iii) any partnership (a) the sole general partner or the managing general partner of which is the parent and/or one or more subsidiaries of the parent or (b) the only general partners of which are the parent and/or one or more subsidiaries of the parent and (iv) any other person that is otherwise Controlled by the parent and/or one or more subsidiaries of the parent. Unless the context requires otherwise, “Subsidiary” refers to a Subsidiary of a Borrower.
 
Subsidiary Guarantor” shall mean each Subsidiary listed on Schedule 1.01(d), and each other Subsidiary that is or becomes a party to this Agreement pursuant to Section 5.10 and that has not been designated by the Administrative Borrower, in accordance with Section 5.18(b), as an Excluded Subsidiary and in any event, excluding any Foreign Subsidiary.
 
Successor Rate” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 2.11(b).
 
Supermajority Lenders” shall mean Lenders having more than 66 2/3 % of the sum of all Loans outstanding, LC Exposure and unused Commitments; provided that the Loans, LC Exposure and unused Commitments held or deemed held by any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Supermajority Lenders.
 
Supported QFC” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 10.20(a).
 
Suppressed Availability” shall mean as of any date of determination the amount, if any, by which the Borrowing Base on such date exceeds the aggregate Commitments of all Lenders then outstanding.
 
Swap Obligation” means, with respect to any Loan Party, any obligation to pay or perform under any agreement, contract or transaction that constitutes a “swap” within the meaning of section 1a(47) of the Commodity Exchange Act.
 
Swingline Commitment” shall mean the commitment of the Swingline Lender to make loans pursuant to Section 2.17, as the same may be reduced from time to time pursuant to Section 2.07 or Section 2.17. As of the Effective Date, the amount of the Swingline Commitment shall be $100,000,000 but shall in no event exceed the Revolving Commitments.
 
Swingline Exposure” shall mean at any time the aggregate principal amount at such time of all outstanding Swingline Loans. The Swingline Exposure of any Revolving Lender at any time shall equal its Pro Rata Percentage of the aggregate Swingline Exposure at such time.
 
Swingline Lender” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the preamble hereto.
 
Swingline Loan” shall mean any loan made by the Swingline Lender pursuant to Section 2.17.
 
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Tax Return” shall mean all returns, statements, filings, attachments and other documents or certifications required to be filed in respect of Taxes.
 
Taxes” shall mean all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings, assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.
 
Term SOFR” shall mean, (a) for any Interest Period relating to a Term SOFR Loan, a per annum rate equal to the Term SOFR Screen Rate two U.S. Government Securities Business Days prior to such Interest Period, with a term equivalent to such Interest Period (or if such rate is not published prior to 11:00 a.m. on the determination date, the applicable Term SOFR Screen Rate on the U.S. Government Securities Business Day immediately preceding such date), plus the SOFR Adjustment for such Interest Period; and (b) for any Interest Period relating to an ABR Loan on any day, a per annum rate equal to the Term SOFR Screen Rate with a term of one month commencing that day; provided, that in no event shall Term SOFR be less than zero.
 
Term SOFR Borrowing” shall mean a Borrowing comprised of Term SOFR Loans.
 
Term SOFR Loan” shall mean Loan that bears interest based on clause (a) of the definition of Term SOFR.
 
Term SOFR Screen Rate” shall mean the forward-looking SOFR term rate administered by CME (or any successor administrator satisfactory to Administrative Agent) and published on the applicable Reuters screen page (or such other commercially available source providing such quotations as may be designated by Administrative Agent from time to time).
 
A “Test Period” at any time shall mean the period of four consecutive fiscal quarters of Borrowers most recently ended on or prior to such time (taken as one accounting period).
 
Threshold Amount” shall mean (as of any date of determination) an amount equal to 12.5% of the Line Cap.
 
Threshold Basket Amount” shall mean (as of any date of determination) an amount equal to 17.5% of the Line Cap.
 
Toledo Facility” shall mean Toledo’s petroleum refinery and all related assets and properties located in Toledo, Ohio.
 
Torrance Facility” shall mean Torrance’s petroleum refinery and all related assets and properties located in Torrance, California.
 
Total Assets” shall mean the total assets of Holdings and its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, as shown on the most recent consolidated balance sheet of Holdings and its Subsidiaries.
 
Transactions” shall mean, collectively, the transactions to occur on or prior to the Effective Date pursuant to this Agreement, including (a) the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the borrowings hereunder; and (b) the payment of any and all fees, costs and expenses to be paid on or prior to the Effective Date and owing in connection with the foregoing.
 
Transferred Guarantor” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in Section 7.09.
 
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Treasury Services Agreement” shall mean any agreement relating to treasury, depositary, credit cards (including commercial cards (including so-called “purchase cards”, “procurement cards” or “p-cards”)), credit card processing services, debit cards, stored value cards, and cash management services or automated clearinghouse transfer of funds.
 
Trigger Event” shall mean either (i) an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing or (ii) Excess Availability is less than (A) the Threshold Amount for a period of time greater than five (5) consecutive Business Days or (B) $100,000,000 at any time; provided that such Trigger Event shall continue until (i) no Event of Default exists and (ii) Excess Availability shall have exceeded the Threshold Amount and $100,000,000 for a period of at least thirty (30) consecutive days.
 
Type,” when used in reference to any Loan or Borrowing, refers to whether the rate of interest on such Loan, or on the Loans comprising such Borrowing, is determined by reference to Term SOFR or the Alternate Base Rate.
 
UCC” shall mean the Uniform Commercial Code as in effect from time to time (except as otherwise specified) in any applicable state or jurisdiction.
 
UK Financial Institution” shall mean any BRRD Undertaking (as defined under the PRA Rulebook (as amended from time to time) promulgated by the United Kingdom Prudential Regulation Authority) or any Person subject to IFPRU 11.6 of the FCA Handbook (as amended from time to time) promulgated by the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority, which includes certain credit institutions and investment firms, and certain affiliates of such credit institutions or investment firms.
 
UK Resolution Authority” shall mean the Bank of England or any other public administrative authority having responsibility for the resolution of any UK Financial Institution.
 
Unasserted Contingent Obligations” means taxes, costs, indemnifications, reimbursements, damages and other claims or liabilities in respect of which no written assertion of liability or no claim or demand for payment has been made at such time.
 
Undisclosed Administration” means, in relation to a Lender or its direct or indirect parent company, the appointment of an administrator, provisional liquidator, conservator, receiver, trustee, custodian or other similar official by a supervisory authority or regulator under or based on the law in the country where such Lender or such parent company is subject to home jurisdiction supervision if applicable law requires that such appointment is not to be publicly disclosed.
 
Unfinanced Capital Expenditures” shall mean, with respect to any Person and for any period, Capital Expenditures made by such Person during such period and not financed from the proceeds of Indebtedness, Equity Issuances, Casualty Events or Asset Sales or other dispositions of assets.
 
United States” shall mean the United States of America.
 
U.S. Government Securities Business Day” shall mean any Business Day, except any day on which the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association, New York Stock Exchange or FRBNY is not open for business because the day is a legal holiday under New York law or U.S. federal law.
 
USA PATRIOT Act” shall have the meaning set forth in the definition of “Anti-Terrorism Laws.”
 
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Voting Stock” shall mean, with respect to any person, any class or classes of Equity Interests pursuant to which the holders thereof have the general voting power under ordinary circumstances to elect at least a majority of the Board of Directors of such person.
 
Wholly Owned Subsidiary” shall mean, as to any person, (a) any corporation 100% of whose capital stock (other than directors’ qualifying shares) is at the time owned by such person and/or one or more Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of such person and (b) any partnership, association, joint venture, limited liability company or other entity in which such person and/or one or more Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of such person have a 100% equity interest at such time.
 
Withdrawal Liability” shall mean liability to a Multiemployer Plan as a result of a complete or partial withdrawal from such Multiemployer Plan, as such terms are defined in Part I of Subtitle E of Title IV of ERISA.
 
Write-Down and Conversion Powers” shall mean (a) the write-down and conversion powers of the applicable EEA Resolution Authority from time to time under the Bail-In Legislation for the applicable EEA Member Country, which powers are described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule; or (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, any powers of the applicable Resolution Authority under the Bail-In Legislation to cancel, reduce, modify or change the form of a liability of any UK Financial Institution or any contract or instrument under which that liability arises, to convert all or part of that liability into shares, securities or obligations of that Person or any other Person, to provide that any such contract or instrument is to have effect as if a right had been exercised under it or to suspend any obligation in respect of that liability or any of the powers under that Bail-In Legislation that are related to or ancillary to any of those powers.
 
Yield” shall mean, as to any Indebtedness, the yield thereof, whether in the form of interest rate, margin, an interest rate floor or otherwise, in each case incurred or payable by the Borrowers generally to the Lenders with respect to such Indebtedness including any such original issue discount or upfront fees (with original issue discount being equated to interest based on an assumed four-year life to maturity or, if shorter, the actual weighted average life to maturity) payable to all Lenders providing such Indebtedness (but excluding structuring, arrangement, commitment or similar fees not shared with all such Lenders).
 
Section 1.02         Classification of Loans and Borrowings.
 
For purposes of this Agreement, Loans may be classified and referred to by Class (e.g., a “Revolving Loan”) or by Type (e.g., a “Term SOFR Loan”) or by Class and Type (e.g., a “Term SOFR Loan”). Borrowings also may be classified and referred to by Class (e.g., a “Revolving Borrowing”) or by Type (e.g., a “Term SOFR Borrowing”) or by Class and Type (e.g., a “Term SOFR Borrowing”).
 
Section 1.03         Terms Generally.
 
The definitions of terms herein shall apply equally to the singular and plural forms of the terms defined. Whenever the context may require, any pronoun shall include the corresponding masculine, feminine and neuter forms. The words “include,” “includes” and “including” shall be deemed to be followed by the phrase “without limitation.” The word “will” shall be construed to have the same meaning and effect as the word “shall.” Unless the context requires otherwise (a) any definition of or reference to any Loan Document, agreement, instrument or other document herein shall be construed as referring to such agreement, instrument or other document as from time to time amended, supplemented or otherwise modified or in effect (subject to any restrictions on such amendments, supplements or modifications set forth herein), (b) any reference herein to any person shall be construed to include such person’s successors and assigns, (c) the words “herein,” “hereof” and “hereunder,” and words of similar import, shall be construed to refer to this Agreement in its entirety and not to any particular provision hereof, (d) all references herein to Articles, Sections, Exhibits and Schedules shall be construed to refer to Articles and Sections of, and Exhibits and Schedules to, this Agreement, (e) any reference to any law or regulation herein shall refer to such law or regulation as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time, and (f) the words “asset” and “property” shall be construed to have the same meaning and effect and to refer to any and all tangible and intangible assets and properties, including cash, securities, accounts and contract rights.
 
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Section 1.04         Accounting Terms; GAAP.
 
Except as otherwise expressly provided herein, all financial statements to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement shall be prepared in accordance with GAAP as in effect from time to time and all terms of an accounting or financial nature shall be construed and interpreted in accordance with GAAP, as in effect on the date hereof unless otherwise agreed to by Borrowers and the Required Lenders. Lenders and Administrative Agent acknowledge and agree that Borrowers may, at their sole option and in their sole discretion, switch from a GAAP method of accounting to a method of accounting based on the Internal Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as promulgated from time to time by the International Accounting Standards Board (the “IASB”). From and after the date the Borrowers adopt IFRS, references herein and in any other Loan Document to GAAP shall mean and refer to IFRS. If at any time any such change from GAAP to IFRS would affect the computation of any financial covenant or other covenant set forth in any Loan Document, and the Administrative Borrower shall so request, the Administrative Agent and the Administrative Borrower shall negotiate in good faith to amend any such financial covenant or other such covenant or requirement to preserve the original intent thereof in light of such change in accounting principles; provided, that, until so amended, such ratio or requirement shall continue to be computed in accordance with GAAP prior to such change. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement to the contrary, for all purposes during the term of this Agreement and any other Loan Document, each lease that pursuant to GAAP as in effect on the Original Effective Date would be classified as a capital lease or an operating lease will continue to be so classified, notwithstanding any change in characterization of that lease subsequent to the Original Effective Date based on changes to GAAP or interpretation of GAAP.
 
Section 1.05         Resolution of Drafting Ambiguities.
 
Each party hereto acknowledges and agrees that it was represented by counsel in connection with the execution and delivery of the Loan Documents to which it is a party, that it and its counsel reviewed and participated in the preparation and negotiation hereof and thereof and that any rule of construction to the effect that ambiguities are to be resolved against any party shall not be employed in the interpretation hereof or thereof.
 
Section 1.06         Pro Forma Calculations; Limited Condition Transactions.
 
(a)          Whenever a financial ratio or test is to be calculated on a Pro Forma Basis, or giving “Pro Forma Effect” the reference to the “Test Period” for purposes of calculating such financial ratio or test shall be deemed to be a reference to, and shall be based on, the most recently ended Test Period for which internal financial statements of the Borrowers are available (as determined in good faith by the Borrowers); provided that, the provisions of this sentence shall not apply for purposes of determining actual compliance with Section 6.09 (other than for the purpose of determining pro forma compliance with Section 6.09), which actual compliance shall be based on the financial statements delivered pursuant to Section 5.01(a) or (b), as applicable, for the relevant Test Period.
 
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(b)         Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, for purposes of determining compliance with (1) any financial ratio or test or other basket that is based on a percentage of Consolidated EBITDA or Total Assets or (in connection with a Limited Condition Transaction, if applicable) a determination of Excess Availability or (2) any requirement that any representations and warranties are true and correct and/or that no Default or Event of Default has occurred, is continuing or would result therefrom):
 
(i)         in connection with any action being taken in connection with a Limited Condition Transaction, the Administrative Borrower may elect to have such compliance tested or otherwise determined (1) in the case of any Permitted Acquisition or other Investment, at the time of approval of such Investment or signing of the relevant Acquisition Agreement or other definitive agreement with respect thereto, (2) in the case of any Dividend, at the time of the irrevocable declaration of such Dividend and (3) in the case of any repayment of Indebtedness, at the time of delivery of irrevocable notice (which may be conditional) with respect thereto (each of the foregoing, an “LCT Test Date”), in each case, in lieu of the date of consummation of such Limited Condition Transaction; provided, however, that in the event of such election:
 
(A)          both immediately prior to and after giving effect to the consummation of such Limited Condition Transaction, no Specified Event of Default shall exist and be continuing or result therefrom;
 
(B)         in the case of any Incremental Revolving Commitment or any Incremental Revolving Loans thereunder that will be used concurrently with the initial provision of such commitment to finance any Limited Condition Transaction, then any requirement relating to accuracy of representations and warranties shall be limited to customary “SunGard” representations and warranties (including those with respect to the target contained in the acquisition or merger agreement to the extent failure of such representations and warranties to be true and correct permits the Borrowers or relevant Affiliate thereof not to consummate the transactions contemplated thereby);
 
(C)          such Limited Condition Transaction must close within two hundred seventy (270) days of the applicable LCT Test Date for Permitted Acquisitions or other Investments or within ninety (90) days for any other Limited Condition Transaction or, in the event that such Limited Condition Transaction closes more than two hundred seventy (270) days or ninety (90) days, as applicable, after such signing, such compliance shall also be required to be tested at the time of consummation of such Limited Condition Transaction;
 
(D)         in the event the Administrative Borrower notifies the Administrative Agent at such time that it intends to make a Revolving Borrowing (other than a Revolving Borrowing made on account of Incremental Revolving Commitments relating to Permitted Acquisitions) to fund such Limited Condition Transaction, the Administrative Agent shall record a Reserve against the lesser of the Borrowing Base and the aggregate Revolving Commitments (other than Incremental Revolving Commitments relating to such Permitted Acquisition) in the amount of such requested Borrowing until such time as such requested Borrowing is made to fund such Limited Condition Transaction or the Administrative Borrower notifies the Administrative Agent that the Limited Condition Transaction has terminated; provided that (x) such requested Borrowing shall not be subject, to the extent of such Reserve, to any condition to funding other than compliance with Section 4.02(d) hereof and that no Specified Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing at the time of funding, and (y) if such Limited Condition Transaction has not been closed or terminated within two hundred seventy (270) days or within ninety (90) days, as applicable, of such LCT Test Date, then any obligations of the Lenders to fund such Limited Condition Transaction pursuant to the terms and conditions of this clause (D) and the recorded Reserve shall be terminated; and
 
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(E)         in the event that the Administrative Borrower does not notify the Administrative Agent at such time of any intention to make a Revolving Borrowing (other than a Revolving Borrowing made on account of Incremental Revolving Commitments relating to Permitted Acquisitions) to fund such Limited Condition Transaction and the Administrative Borrower determines to make a Revolving Borrowing (other than a Revolving Borrowing made on account of Incremental Revolving Commitments relating to Permitted Acquisitions) to fund such Limited Condition Transaction on the date of the consummation thereof, such compliance solely for purposes of such Revolving Borrowing shall instead be tested as of date of the consummation thereof; and
 
(ii)        (A) Specified Transactions that have been made (x) during the applicable Test Period and (y) if applicable as described in Section 1.06(a), subsequent to such Test Period and prior to or simultaneously with the event for which the calculation of any such ratio is made shall be calculated on a pro forma basis assuming that all such Specified Transactions (and any increase or decrease in Consolidated EBITDA and the component financial definitions used therein attributable to any Specified Transaction) had occurred on the first day of the applicable Test Period and (B) if since the beginning of any applicable Test Period any Person that subsequently became a Subsidiary (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) or was merged, amalgamated or consolidated with or into the Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) since the beginning of such Test Period shall have made any Specified Transaction that would have required adjustment pursuant to this Section 1.06, then such financial ratio or test shall be calculated to give pro forma effect thereto in accordance with this Section 1.06.
 
(c)         In the event that the Borrowers or any Subsidiary (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) incurs (including by assumption or guarantees) or repays (including by redemption, repayment, retirement or extinguishment) any Indebtedness included in the calculations of any financial ratio or test (in each case, other than Indebtedness incurred or repaid under any revolving credit facility), (i) during the applicable Test Period or (ii) subject to Section 1.06(a) subsequent to the end of the applicable Test Period and prior to or simultaneously with the event for which the calculation of any such ratio is made, then such financial ratio or test shall be calculated giving pro forma effect to such incurrence or repayment of Indebtedness, to the extent required, as if the same had occurred on the first day of the applicable Test Period.
 
Section 1.07         Divisions.
 
Any reference herein to a merger, transfer, consolidation, amalgamation, assignment, sale, disposition or transfer, or similar term, shall be deemed to apply to a Division of or by a limited liability company or limited partnership, or an allocation of assets to a series of any such entity (or the unwinding of a Division or allocation) as if it were a merger, transfer, consolidation, amalgamation, assignment, sale, disposition or transfer, or similar term, as applicable, to, of or with a separate Person.  Any Division of a Person shall constitute a separate Person hereunder.
 
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ARTICLE II
 
THE CREDITS
 
Section 2.01         Commitments.
 
Subject to the terms and conditions and relying upon the representations and warranties herein set forth, each Lender agrees, severally and not jointly to make Revolving Loans to Borrowers, at any time and from time to time on or after the commencement of the Revolving Availability Period until the earlier of the Revolving Maturity Date and the termination of the Revolving Commitment of such Lender in accordance with the terms hereof, in an aggregate principal amount at any time outstanding that will not result in such Lender’s Revolving Exposure exceeding such Lender’s Revolving Commitment and provided that after making a Revolving Loan, the sum of the total Revolving Exposures shall not exceed the Line Cap.
 
Within the limits set forth above and subject to the terms, conditions and limitations set forth herein, Borrowers may borrow, pay or prepay and reborrow Revolving Loans from time to time.
 
Section 2.02         Loans.
 
(a)          Each Loan (other than Swingline Loans) shall be made as part of a Borrowing consisting of Loans made by the Lenders ratably in accordance with their applicable Commitments; provided that the failure of any Lender to make its Loan shall not relieve any other Lender of its obligation to lend hereunder (it being understood, however, that no Lender shall be responsible for the failure of any other Lender to make any Loan required to be made by such other Lender). Except for Loans deemed made pursuant to Section 2.18(e)(i) and (ii), (x) ABR Loans comprising any Borrowing shall be in an aggregate principal amount that is (i) an integral multiple of $1,000,000 and not less than $5,000,000 or (ii) equal to the remaining available balance of the applicable Commitments and (y) the Term SOFR Loans comprising any Borrowing shall be in an aggregate principal amount that is (i) an integral multiple of $1,000,000 and not less than $5,000,000 or (ii) equal to the remaining available balance of the applicable Commitments.
 
(b)       Subject to Sections 2.11 and 2.12, each Borrowing shall be comprised entirely of ABR Loans or Term SOFR Loans as Administrative Borrower may request pursuant to Section 2.03. Each Lender may at its option make any Term SOFR Loan by causing any domestic or foreign branch or Affiliate of such Lender to make such Loan; provided that any exercise of such option shall not affect the obligation of Borrowers to repay such Loan in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. Borrowings of more than one Type may be outstanding at the same time; provided that Administrative Borrower shall not be entitled to request any Borrowing that, if made, would result in more than eight Term SOFR Borrowings outstanding hereunder at any one time. For purposes of the foregoing, Borrowings having different Interest Periods, regardless of whether they commence on the same date, shall be considered separate Borrowings.
 
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(c)          Except with respect to Swingline Loans, Administrative Agent shall endeavor to notify Lenders of each Notice of Borrowing by 1:00 p.m. on the proposed funding date for an ABR Loan or by 3:00 p.m. three Business Days before a proposed funding of a Term SOFR Loan. Except with respect to Loans deemed made pursuant to Section 2.18(e)(ii), each Lender shall make each Loan to be made by it hereunder on the proposed date thereof by wire transfer of immediately available funds to such account in New York City as the Administrative Agent may designate not later than 3:00 p.m., New York City time on the requested funding date (unless Administrative Agent’s notice is received after the times provided above, in which case Lender shall fund by 11:00 a.m. New York City time on the following Business Day), and the Administrative Agent shall promptly credit the amounts so received to an account as directed by Administrative Borrower in the applicable Borrowing Request maintained with the Administrative Agent or, if a Borrowing shall not occur on such date because any condition precedent herein specified shall not have been met, return the amounts so received to the respective Lenders.
 
(d)         Unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from a Lender prior to the date (in the case of any Term SOFR Borrowing), or at least 2 hours prior to the time (in the case of any ABR Borrowing), of any Borrowing that such Lender will not make available to the Administrative Agent such Lender’s portion of such Borrowing, the Administrative Agent may assume that such Lender has made such portion available to the Administrative Agent at the time of such Borrowing in accordance with paragraph (c) above, and the Administrative Agent may, in reliance upon such assumption, make available to Borrowers on such date a corresponding amount. If the Administrative Agent shall have so made funds available, then, to the extent that such Lender shall not have made such portion available to the Administrative Agent, each such Lender and the Borrowers severally agrees to repay to the Administrative Agent forthwith on demand such corresponding amount together with interest thereon, for each day from the date such amount is made available to Borrowers until the date such amount is repaid to the Administrative Agent at (i) in the case of Borrowers, the interest rate applicable at the time to the Loans comprising such Borrowing and (ii) in the case of such Lender, the greater of the Federal Funds Effective Rate and a rate determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation. If such Lender shall repay to the Administrative Agent such corresponding amount, such amount shall constitute such Lender’s Loan as part of such Borrowing for purposes of this Agreement, and Borrowers’ obligation to repay the Administrative Agent such corresponding amount pursuant to this Section 2.02(d) shall cease and be discharged thereby.
 
(e)        Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, Borrowers shall not be entitled to request, or to elect to convert or continue, any Borrowing if the Interest Period requested with respect thereto would end after the Revolving Maturity Date.
 
(f)        The Administrative Agent shall not, without the prior consent of Required Lenders, make (and no Issuing Bank or Swingline Lender, as applicable, shall make) any Revolving Loans or provide any Letters of Credit to the Borrowers intentionally and with actual knowledge that such Revolving Loans, Swingline Loans, or Letters of Credit would be made when one or more of the conditions precedent to the making of the Loans hereunder cannot be satisfied except, that, the Administrative Agent may make (or cause to be made) such additional Revolving Loans or Swingline Loans or provide such additional Letters of Credit on behalf of the Lenders (each an “Overadvance” and collectively, the “Overadvances”), intentionally and with actual knowledge that such Loans or Letters of Credit will be made without the satisfaction of the foregoing conditions precedent, if the Administrative Agent deems it necessary or advisable in its discretion to do so, provided, that: (A) the total principal amount of the Overadvances to the Borrowers which the Administrative Agent may make or provide (or cause to be made or provided) after obtaining such actual knowledge that the conditions precedent have not been satisfied, shall not exceed at any time, the greater of (i) $100,000,000 and (ii) an amount equal to 10.0% of the Line Cap, and shall not cause the aggregate Revolving Exposures to exceed the Revolving Commitments of all of the Lenders or the Revolving Exposure of a Lender to exceed such Lender’s Revolving Commitment, (B) without the consent of the Required Lenders, no Overadvance shall be outstanding for more than sixty (60) days and (C) Administrative Agent shall be entitled to recover such funds, on demand from the Borrowers together with interest thereon for each day from the date such payment was due until the date such amount is paid to Administrative Agent at the interest rate provided for in Section 2.06(c); provided further that upon written notice by the Required Lenders, no further Overadvances shall be made. Each Lender shall be obligated to pay Administrative Agent the amount of its Pro Rata Percentage of any such Overadvance.
 
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Section 2.03         Borrowing Procedure.
 
To request Loans, Administrative Borrower shall deliver, by hand delivery, telecopier or email attachment, a duly completed and executed Borrowing Request to the Administrative Agent (i) in the case of Term SOFR Loans in dollars, not later than 11:00 a.m., New York City time, three Business Days before the date of the proposed Borrowing or (ii) in the case of ABR Loans, not later than 11:00 a.m., New York City time, on the date of the proposed Borrowing. Each Borrowing Request shall be irrevocable and shall specify the following information in compliance with Section 2.02:
 
(a)          the aggregate amount of such borrowing;
 
(b)          the date of such borrowing, which shall be a Business Day;
 
(c)          whether such borrowing is to be for ABR Loans or Term SOFR Loans;
 
(d)          in the case of Term SOFR Loans, the initial Interest Period to be applicable thereto, which shall be a period contemplated by the definition of the term “Interest Period”;
 
(e)        the location and number of Borrowers’ account to which funds are to be disbursed, which shall comply with the requirements of Section 2.02(c); and
 
(f)          that the conditions set forth in Sections 4.02(b)-(e) have been satisfied as of the date of the notice.
 
If no election as to the Type of Loans is specified, then the requested borrowing shall be for ABR Loans. If no Interest Period is specified with respect to any requested Term SOFR Loan, then Borrowers shall be deemed to have selected an Interest Period of one month’s duration. Promptly following receipt of a Borrowing Request in accordance with this Section, the Administrative Agent shall advise each Lender of the details thereof and of the amount of such Lender’s Loan to be made as part of the requested Borrowing.
 
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Each Borrower hereby irrevocably appoints and constitutes Holdings, in its capacity as Administrative Borrower, as its agent to request and receive Loans and Letters of Credit pursuant to this Agreement in the name or on behalf of such Borrower. The Administrative Agent and Lenders may disburse the Loans to such bank account of Administrative Borrower or a Borrower or otherwise make such Loans to a Borrower and provide such Letters of Credit to a Borrower as Administrative Borrower may designate or direct, without notice to any other Borrower or Loan Party. Administrative Borrower hereby accepts the appointment by Borrowers to act as the agent of Borrowers and agrees to ensure that the disbursement of any Loans to a Borrower requested by or paid to or for the account of such Borrower, or the issuance of any Letter of Credit for a Borrower hereunder, shall be paid to or for the account of such Borrower. Each Borrower hereby irrevocably appoints and constitutes Administrative Borrower as its agent to receive statements on account and all other notices from the Agents and Lenders with respect to the Obligations or otherwise under or in connection with this Agreement and the other Loan Documents. Any notice, election, representation, warranty, agreement or undertaking by or on behalf of any other Borrower by Administrative Borrower shall be deemed for all purposes to have been made by such Borrower, as the case may be, and shall be binding upon and enforceable against such Borrower to the same extent as if made directly by such Borrower. No termination of the appointment of Administrative Borrower as agent as aforesaid shall be effective, except after ten (10) days’ prior written notice to Administrative Agent.
 
Section 2.04         Evidence of Debt; Repayment of Loans.
 
(a)         Promise to Repay. Borrowers hereby unconditionally promise to pay (i) to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Revolving Lender, the then unpaid principal amount of each Revolving Loan of such Revolving Lender on the Revolving Maturity Date and (ii) to the Swingline Lender, the then unpaid principal amount of each Swingline Loan on the earlier of the Revolving Maturity Date and the first date after such Swingline Loan is made that is the 15th or last day of a calendar month and is at least two Business Days after such Swingline Loan is made; provided that on each date that a Revolving Borrowing is made, Borrowers shall repay all Swingline Loans that were outstanding on the date such Borrowing was requested.
 
(b)         Lender and Administrative Agent Records. Each Lender shall maintain in accordance with its usual practice an account or accounts evidencing the Indebtedness of Borrowers to such Lender resulting from each Loan made by such Lender from time to time, including the amounts of principal and interest payable and paid to such Lender from time to time under this Agreement. The Administrative Agent shall maintain records including (i) the amount of each Loan made hereunder, the Type and Class thereof and the Interest Period applicable thereto; (ii) the amount of any principal or interest due and payable or to become due and payable from Borrowers to each Lender hereunder; and (iii) the amount of any sum received by the Administrative Agent hereunder for the account of the Lenders and each Lender’s share thereof. The entries made in the records maintained by the Administrative Agent and each Lender pursuant to this paragraph shall be prima facie evidence of the existence and amounts of the obligations therein recorded; provided that the failure of any Lender or the Administrative Agent to maintain such records or any error therein shall not in any manner affect the obligations of Borrowers to repay the Loans in accordance with their terms. In the event of any conflict between the records maintained by any Lender and the records of the Administrative Agent in respect of such matters, the records of the Administrative Agent shall be prima facie evidence of the information therein in the absence of manifest error.
 
(c)         Promissory Notes. Any Lender by written notice to Administrative Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) may request that Loans of any Class made by it be evidenced by a promissory note. In such event, Borrowers shall prepare, execute and deliver to such Lender a promissory note payable to the order of such Lender (or, if requested by such Lender, to such Lender and its registered assigns) in the form of Exhibit K-1, or K-2, as the case may be. Thereafter, the Loans evidenced by such promissory note and interest thereon shall at all times (including after assignment pursuant to Section 10.04) be represented by one or more promissory notes in such form payable to the order of the payee named therein (or, if such promissory note is a registered note, to such payee and its registered assigns).
 
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Section 2.05         Fees.
 
(a)         Commitment Fee. Borrowers agree to pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Lender a commitment fee (a “Commitment Fee”) equal to the Applicable Fee per annum on the average daily unused amount of each Commitment of such Lender during the period from and including the date hereof to but excluding the date on which such Commitment terminates. Accrued Commitment Fees shall be payable in arrears (A) on the first calendar day of April, July, October and January of each year, commencing on the first such date to occur after the date hereof, and (B) on the date on which such Commitment terminates. Commitment Fees shall be computed on the basis of a year of 365 days (or 366 days in a leap year) and shall be payable for the actual number of days elapsed (including the first day but excluding the last day). For purposes of computing Commitment Fees with respect to Revolving Commitments, a Revolving Commitment of a Lender shall be deemed to be used to the extent of the outstanding Revolving Loans and LC Exposure of such Lender (and the Swingline Exposure of such Lender shall be disregarded for such purpose).
 
(b)         Administrative Agent Fees and Other Fees. Borrowers agree to pay (i) to the Administrative Agent, for its own account, the administrative fees payable in the amounts and at the times separately agreed upon between Borrowers and the Administrative Agent (the “Administrative Agent Fees”) and (ii) any other fees otherwise payable under the Fee Letter in the amounts, at the times and in the manner separately agreed to therein.
 
(c)         LC and Fronting Fees. Borrowers agree to pay (i) to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Revolving Lender a participation fee (“LC Participation Fee”) with respect to its participations in Letters of Credit, which shall accrue at a rate equal to the Applicable Letter of Credit Fee on the average daily amount of such Lender’s LC Exposure (excluding any portion thereof attributable to Reimbursement Obligations) during the period from and including the Effective Date to but excluding the later of the date on which such Lender’s Revolving Commitment terminates and the date on which such Lender ceases to have any LC Exposure, and (ii) to each applicable Issuing Bank a fronting fee (“Fronting Fee”), which shall accrue at a rate not to exceed 0.25% per annum on the average daily amount of the LC Exposure of such Issuing Bank (excluding any portion thereof attributable to Reimbursement Obligations) during the period from and including the Effective Date to but excluding the later of the date of termination of the Revolving Commitments and the date on which there ceases to be any LC Exposure of such Issuing Bank, as well as such Issuing Bank’s customary fees with respect to the issuance, amendment, renewal or extension of any Letter of Credit in respect of Letters of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank or processing of drawings thereunder in respect of Letters of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank. Accrued LC Participation Fees and Fronting Fees shall be payable in arrears (i) on the first calendar day of April, July, October and January of each year, commencing on the first such date to occur after the Effective Date, and (ii) on the date on which the Revolving Commitments terminate. Any such fees accruing after the date on which the Revolving Commitments terminate shall be payable on demand. Any other fees payable to the Issuing Banks pursuant to this paragraph shall be payable within 10 days after demand therefor unless otherwise agreed with the applicable Issuing Bank. All LC Participation Fees and Fronting Fees shall be computed on the basis of a year of 365 days (or 366 days in a leap year) and shall be payable for the actual number of days elapsed (including the first day but excluding the last day).
 
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(d)       All Fees shall be paid on the dates due, in immediately available funds in dollars, to the Administrative Agent for distribution, if and as appropriate, among the Lenders and the Issuing Banks, except the Borrowers shall pay the Fronting Fees directly to the relevant Issuing Banks and Borrowers shall pay any other fees payable under the Fee Letter at the times and in the manner separately agreed to therein. Once paid, none of the Fees shall be refundable under any circumstances.
 
Section 2.06         Interest on Loans.
 
(a)         ABR Loans. Subject to the provisions of Section 2.06(c), the Loans comprising each ABR Borrowing, including each Swingline Loan, shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the Alternate Base Rate plus the Applicable Margin in effect from time to time.
 
(b)         Term SOFR Loans. Subject to the provisions of Section 2.06(c), the Loans comprising each Term SOFR Borrowing shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to Term SOFR for the Interest Period in effect for such Borrowing plus the Applicable Margin in effect from time to time.
 
(c)          Default Rate. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if there is a Specified Event of Default, any such amount of principal of or interest on any Loan or any fee or other amount payable by Borrowers hereunder that is past due shall, to the extent permitted by applicable law, bear interest, after as well as before judgment, at a rate per annum equal to (i) in the case of overdue amounts constituting principal or interest on any Loan, 2% plus the rate otherwise applicable to such Loan as provided in the preceding paragraphs of this Section 2.06 or (ii) in the case of any other outstanding and overdue amount, 2% plus (other than with respect to interest) the rate applicable to ABR Revolving Loans as provided in Section 2.06(a) (in either case, the “Default Rate”).
 
(d)          Interest Payment Dates. Accrued interest on each Loan shall be payable in arrears on each Interest Payment Date for such Loan; provided that (i) interest accrued pursuant to Section 2.06(c) shall be payable on demand, (ii) in the event of any repayment or prepayment of any Loan (other than a prepayment of an ABR Revolving Loan or a Swingline Loan without a permanent reduction in Revolving Commitments), accrued interest on the principal amount repaid or prepaid shall be payable on the date of such repayment or prepayment and (iii) in the event of any conversion of any Term SOFR Loan prior to the end of the current Interest Period therefor, accrued interest on such Loan shall be payable on the effective date of such conversion.
 
(e)          Interest Calculation. All interest hereunder shall be computed on the basis of a year of 360 days, except that interest computed by reference to the Alternate Base Rate shall be computed on the basis of a year of 365 days (or 366 days in a leap year), and in each case shall be payable for the actual number of days elapsed (including the first day but excluding the last day). The applicable Alternate Base Rate or Term SOFR shall be determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement and such determination shall be prima facie evidence thereof absent manifest error.
 
Section 2.07         Termination and Reduction of Commitments.
 
(a)       Termination of Commitments. The Revolving Commitments, the Swingline Commitment and the LC Commitment shall automatically terminate on the Revolving Maturity Date.
 
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(b)         Optional Terminations and Reductions. At their option, Borrowers may at any time terminate, or from time to time permanently reduce, the Commitments of any Class; provided that (i) each reduction of the Commitments of any Class shall be in an amount that is an integral multiple of $1,000,000 and not less than $2,000,000 and (ii) the Revolving Commitments shall not be terminated or reduced if, after giving effect to any concurrent prepayment of the Revolving Loans in accordance with Section 2.10, the aggregate amount of Revolving Exposures would exceed the aggregate amount of Revolving Commitments.
 
(c)       Borrower Notice. Administrative Borrower shall notify the Administrative Agent in writing of any election to terminate or reduce the Commitments under Section 2.07(b) at least three Business Days prior to the effective date of such termination or reduction, specifying such election and the effective date thereof. Promptly following receipt of any notice, the Administrative Agent shall advise the Lenders of the contents thereof. Each notice delivered by Administrative Borrower pursuant to this Section shall be irrevocable; provided that a notice of termination of the Commitments delivered by Administrative Borrower may state that such notice is conditioned upon the effectiveness of another credit facility or the closing of a securities offering or other transaction which will result in the Payment in Full of the Obligations, in which case such notice may be revoked by Administrative Borrower (by notice to the Administrative Agent on or prior to the specified effective date) if such condition is not satisfied. Any termination or reduction of the Commitments of any Class shall be permanent. Each reduction of the Commitments of any Class shall be made ratably among the Lenders in accordance with their respective Commitments of such Class.
 
Section 2.08         Interest Elections.
 
(a)         Generally. Each Revolving Borrowing initially shall be of the Type specified in the applicable Borrowing Request and, in the case of a Term SOFR Borrowing, shall have an initial Interest Period as specified in such Borrowing Request. Thereafter, Borrowers may elect to convert such Borrowing to a different Type or to continue such Borrowing and, in the case of a Term SOFR Borrowing, may elect Interest Periods therefor, all as provided in this Section. Borrowers may elect different options with respect to different portions of the affected Borrowing, in which case each such portion shall be allocated ratably among the Lenders holding the Loans comprising such Borrowing, and the Loans comprising each such portion shall be considered a separate Borrowing. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, Borrowers shall not be entitled to request any conversion or continuation that, if made, would result in more than eight Term SOFR Borrowings outstanding hereunder at any one time. This Section shall not apply to Swingline Borrowings, which may not be converted or continued.
 
(b)         Interest Election Notice. To make an election pursuant to this Section, Administrative Borrower shall deliver, by hand delivery, telecopier or email attachment, a duly completed and executed Interest Election Request to the Administrative Agent not later than the time that a Borrowing Request would be required under Section 2.03 if Borrowers were requesting Loans of the Type resulting from such election to be made on the effective date of such election. Each Interest Election Request shall be irrevocable. Each Interest Election Request shall specify the following information in compliance with Section 2.02:
 
(i)         the Borrowing to which such Interest Election Request applies and, if different options are being elected with respect to different portions thereof, or if outstanding Borrowings are being combined, allocation to each resulting Borrowing (in which case the information to be specified pursuant to clauses (iii) and (iv) below shall be specified for each resulting Borrowing);
 
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(ii)          the effective date of the election made pursuant to such Interest Election Request, which shall be a Business Day;
 
(iii)         whether the resulting Borrowing is to be an ABR Borrowing or a Term SOFR Borrowing; and
 
(iv)        if the resulting Borrowing is a Term SOFR Borrowing, the Interest Period to be applicable thereto after giving effect to such election, which shall be a period contemplated by the definition of the term “Interest Period”.
 
If any such Interest Election Request requests a Term SOFR Borrowing but does not specify an Interest Period, then Borrowers shall be deemed to have selected an Interest Period of one month’s duration.
 
Promptly following receipt of an Interest Election Request, the Administrative Agent shall advise each Lender of the details thereof and of such Lender’s portion of each resulting Borrowing.
 
(c)          Automatic Conversion to ABR Borrowing. If an Interest Election Request with respect to a Term SOFR Borrowing is not timely delivered prior to the end of the Interest Period applicable thereto, then, unless such Borrowing is repaid as provided herein, at the end of such Interest Period such Borrowing shall be converted to an ABR Borrowing. Notwithstanding any contrary provision hereof, if an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, the Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders may require, by notice to Administrative Borrower, that (i) no outstanding Borrowing may be converted to or continued as a Term SOFR Borrowing and (ii) unless repaid, each Term SOFR Borrowing shall be converted to an ABR Borrowing at the end of the Interest Period applicable thereto.
 
Section 2.09         [Intentionally Omitted].
 
Section 2.10         Optional and Mandatory Prepayments of Loans.
 
(a)          Optional Prepayments. Borrowers shall have the right at any time and from time to time to prepay any Borrowing, in whole or in part, subject to the requirements of Section 2.10 and Section 2.13; provided that each partial prepayment shall be in an amount that is an integral multiple of $250,000 and not less than $1,000,000 or, if less, the outstanding principal amount of such Borrowing.
 
(b)          Revolving Loan Prepayments.
 
(i)          In the event of the termination of all the Revolving Commitments, Borrowers shall, on the date of such termination, repay or prepay all their outstanding Revolving Borrowings and all outstanding Swingline Loans and replace all outstanding Letters of Credit or cash collateralize all outstanding Letters of Credit in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.18(i).
 
(ii)         In the event of any partial reduction of the Revolving Commitments, then (x) at or prior to the effective date of such reduction, the Administrative Agent shall notify Borrowers and the Revolving Lenders of the sum of the Revolving Exposures after giving effect thereto and (y) if the sum of the Revolving Exposures would exceed the aggregate amount of Revolving Commitments after giving effect to such reduction, then Borrowers shall, on the date of such reduction, first, repay or prepay Swingline Loans, second, repay or prepay Revolving Borrowings and third, replace outstanding Letters of Credit or cash collateralize outstanding Letters of Credit in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.18(i), in an aggregate amount sufficient to eliminate such excess.
 
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(iii)      In the event that the sum of all Lenders’ Revolving Exposures exceeds either (A) the Borrowing Base then in effect or (B) the Revolving Commitments then in effect, Borrowers shall, without notice or demand, promptly first, repay or prepay Swingline Loans, second, repay or prepay Revolving Borrowings, and third, cash collateralize outstanding Letters of Credit in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.18(i), in an aggregate amount sufficient to eliminate such excess.
 
(iv)       Except as provided in Section 2.18(a), in the event that the aggregate LC Exposure exceeds the LC Commitment then in effect, Borrowers shall, without notice or demand, promptly replace outstanding Letters of Credit or cash collateralize outstanding Letters of Credit in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.18(i), in an aggregate amount sufficient to eliminate such excess.
 
(v)         In the event that the aggregate Swingline Exposure exceeds the Swingline Commitment then in effect Borrowers shall, without notice or demand, promptly repay or prepay Swingline Loans in an aggregate amount sufficient to eliminate such excess.
 
(c)         Asset Sales. Subject to the terms and conditions of the applicable Intercreditor Agreement, not later than five Business Days following the receipt of any Net Cash Proceeds of any Asset Sale of Revolving Credit Priority Collateral by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries, Borrowers shall make prepayments in accordance with Section 2.10(e) in an aggregate amount equal to the lesser of (i) the then outstanding Loans and (ii) 100% of such Net Cash Proceeds.
 
(d)         Casualty Events. Subject to the terms and conditions of the applicable Intercreditor Agreement, not later than five Business Days following the receipt of any Net Cash Proceeds from a Casualty Event involving Revolving Credit Priority Collateral (other than Certain Hydrocarbon Assets and Intermediate Products), by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries, Borrowers shall make prepayments in accordance with Section 2.10(e) in an aggregate amount equal to the lesser of (i) the then outstanding Loans and (ii) 100% of such Net Cash Proceeds.
 
(e)          Application of Prepayments. Prior to any optional or mandatory prepayment hereunder, Borrowers shall select the Borrowing or Borrowings to be prepaid and shall specify such selection in the notice of such prepayment pursuant to Section 2.10(f), subject to the provisions of this Section 2.10 (e). Subject to Section 8.02, and so long as no Event of Default shall then exist and be continuing, all mandatory prepayments shall be applied as follows: first, to the Swingline Loans until the same has been reduced to zero (0); second, to the Revolving Loans until the same has been reduced to zero (0); and third, to cash collateralize outstanding Letters of Credit in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.18(i). Such mandatory prepayments of the Swingline Loans and Revolving Loans shall not cause a corresponding reduction in the Swingline Commitment or Revolving Commitments.
 
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Amounts to be applied pursuant to this Section 2.10 to the prepayment of Revolving Loans shall be applied, as applicable, first to reduce outstanding ABR Revolving Loans. Any amounts remaining after each such application shall be applied to prepay Term SOFR Loans. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the amount of any prepayment of Loans required under this Section 2.10 shall be in excess of the amount of the ABR Loans at the time outstanding (an “Excess Amount”), only the portion of the amount of such prepayment as is equal to the amount of such outstanding ABR Loans shall be immediately prepaid and, at the election of Borrowers, the Excess Amount shall be either (A) deposited in an escrow account on terms satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and applied to the prepayment of Term SOFR Loans on the last day of the then next-expiring Interest Period for Term SOFR Loans; provided that (i) interest in respect of such Excess Amount shall continue to accrue thereon at the rate provided hereunder for the Loans which such Excess Amount is intended to repay until such Excess Amount shall have been used in full to repay such Loans and (ii) at any time while a Default has occurred and is continuing, the Administrative Agent may, and upon written direction from the Required Lenders shall, apply any or all proceeds then on deposit to the payment of such Loans in an amount equal to such Excess Amount or (B) prepaid immediately, together with any amounts owing to the Lenders under Section 2.13.
 
(f)          Notice of Prepayment. Administrative Borrower shall notify the Administrative Agent (and, in the case of prepayment of a Swingline Loan, the Swingline Lender) by written notice of any prepayment hereunder (i) in the case of prepayment of a Term SOFR Borrowing, not later than 11:00 a.m., New York City time, three Business Days before the date of prepayment, (ii) in the case of prepayment of an ABR Borrowing, not later than 11:00 a.m., New York City time, on the Business Day of prepayment and (iii) in the case of prepayment of a Swingline Loan, not later than 2:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date of prepayment. Each such notice shall be irrevocable; provided that a notice of prepayment delivered by Administrative Borrower may state that such notice is conditioned upon the effectiveness of another credit facility or the closing of a securities offering, in which case such notice may be revoked by Administrative Borrower (by notice to the Administrative Agent on or prior to the specified payment date) if such condition is not satisfied. Each such notice shall specify the prepayment date, the principal amount of each Borrowing or portion thereof to be prepaid and, in the case of a mandatory prepayment, a reasonably detailed calculation of the amount of such prepayment. Promptly following receipt of any such notice (other than a notice relating solely to Swingline Loans), the Administrative Agent shall advise the Lenders of the contents thereof. Each partial prepayment of any Borrowing shall be in an amount that would be permitted in the case of a Credit Extension of the same Type as provided in Section 2.02, except as necessary to apply fully the required amount of a mandatory prepayment. Each prepayment of a Borrowing shall be applied ratably to the Loans included in the prepaid Borrowing and otherwise in accordance with this Section 2.10. Prepayments shall be accompanied by accrued interest to the extent required by Section 2.06.
 
Section 2.11         Inability to Determine Rate; Successor Rates.
 
(a)         Inability to Determine Rate: If, in connection with any request for a Term SOFR Loan or a conversion to or continuation thereof, as applicable, (a) Agent determines (which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error) that (i) no Successor Rate has been determined in accordance with Section 2.11(b), and the circumstances under Section 2.11(b)(i) or the Scheduled Unavailability Date has occurred (as applicable), or (ii) adequate and reasonable means do not otherwise exist for determining Term SOFR for any requested Interest Period with respect to a proposed Term SOFR Loan or in connection with an existing or proposed ABR Loan, or (b) Administrative Agent or Required Lenders determine that for any reason Term SOFR for any requested Interest Period with respect to a proposed Term SOFR Loan does not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to such Lenders of funding such Loan, Administrative Agent will promptly so notify Borrowers and Lenders.  Thereafter, (x) the obligation of Lenders to make, maintain, or convert ABR Loans to, Term SOFR Loans shall be suspended (to the extent of the affected Term SOFR Loans or Interest Periods), and (y) in the event of a determination described in the preceding sentence with respect to the Term SOFR component of Alternate Base Rate, the utilization of such component in determining Alternate Base Rate shall be suspended, in each case until Administrative Agent (or, in the case of a determination by Required Lenders described above, until Administrative Agent upon instruction of Required Lenders) revokes such notice.  Upon receipt of such notice, (I) Borrowers may revoke any pending request for a Borrowing, conversion or continuation of Term SOFR Loans (to the extent of the affected Term SOFR Loans or Interest Periods) or, failing that, will be deemed to have converted such request into a request for ABR Loans, and (II) any outstanding Term SOFR Loans shall convert to ABR Loans at the end of their respective Interest Periods.
 
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(b)        Successor Rates. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement or any other Loan Documents, if the Administrative Agent determines (which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error), or the Borrowers or Required Lenders notify the Administrative Agent (with, in the case of the Required Lenders, a copy to Borrowers) that the Borrowers or Required Lenders (as applicable) have determined, that:
 
(i)        adequate and reasonable means do not exist for ascertaining one, three and six month interest periods of Term SOFR, including because the Term SOFR Screen Rate is not available or published on a current basis, and such circumstances are unlikely to be temporary; or
 
(ii)      CME or any successor administrator of the Term SOFR Screen Rate or a Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over Administrative Agent, CME or such administrator with respect to its publication of Term SOFR, in each case acting in such capacity, has made a public statement identifying a specific date after which one, three and six month interest periods of Term SOFR or the Term SOFR Screen Rate shall or will no longer be made available or permitted to be used for determining the interest rate of U.S. dollar denominated syndicated loans, or shall or will otherwise cease, provided, that at the time of such statement, there is no successor administrator satisfactory to Administrative Agent that will continue to provide such interest periods of Term SOFR after such specific date (the latest date on which one, three and six month interest periods of Term SOFR or the Term SOFR Screen Rate are no longer available permanently or indefinitely, “Scheduled Unavailability Date”);
 
then, on a date and time determined by Administrative Agent (any such date, “Term SOFR Replacement Date”), which date shall be at the end of an Interest Period or on the relevant interest payment date, as applicable, for interest calculated and, solely with respect to clause (b) above, no later than the Scheduled Unavailability Date, Term SOFR will be replaced hereunder and under any other applicable Loan Document with Daily Simple SOFR plus the SOFR Adjustment, for any payment period for interest calculated that can be determined by Administrative Agent, in each case, without any amendment to, or further action or consent of any other party to, any Loan Document (“Successor Rate”).  If the Successor Rate is Daily Simple SOFR plus the SOFR Adjustment all interest will be payable on a monthly basis.
 
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Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, (x) if Administrative Agent determines that Daily Simple SOFR is not available on or prior to the Term SOFR Replacement Date or (y) if the events or circumstances of the type described in clauses (i) or (ii) above have occurred with respect to the Successor Rate then in effect, then in each case, Administrative Agent and Administrative Borrower may amend this Agreement solely for the purpose of replacing Term SOFR or any then current Successor Rate in accordance with this Section at the end of any Interest Period, relevant interest payment date or payment period for interest calculated, as applicable, with an alternative benchmark rate giving due consideration to any evolving or then existing convention for such alternative benchmarks in similar U.S. dollar denominated syndicated credit facilities syndicated and agented in the United States and, in each case, including any mathematical or other adjustments to such benchmark giving due consideration to any evolving or then existing convention for such benchmarks in similar U.S. dollar denominated credit facilities syndicated and agented in the United States, which adjustment or method for calculating such adjustment shall be published on an information service selected by Administrative Agent from time to time, in consultation with the Borrowers, and may be periodically updated. For the avoidance of doubt, any such proposed rate and adjustments shall constitute a Successor Rate. Any such amendment shall become effective at 5:00 p.m. on the fifth Business Day after Administrative Agent posts such proposed amendment to all Lenders and Borrowers unless, prior to such time, Required Lenders deliver to Administrative Agent written notice that Required Lenders object to the amendment.
 
Administrative Agent will promptly (in one or more notices) notify Borrowers and Lenders of implementation of any Successor Rate.  A Successor Rate shall be applied in a manner consistent with market practice; provided, that to the extent market practice is not administratively feasible for Administrative Agent, the Successor Rate shall be applied in a manner as otherwise reasonably determined by Administrative Agent in consultation with the Borrowers. Notwithstanding anything else herein, if at any time any Successor Rate as so determined would otherwise be less than zero, the Successor Rate will be deemed to be zero for all purposes of the Loan Documents.
 
Section 2.12         Yield Protection.
 
(a)          Increased Costs Generally. If any Change in Law shall:
 
(i)          impose, modify or deem applicable any reserve, special deposit, compulsory loan, insurance charge or similar requirement against assets of, deposits with or for the account of, or credit extended or participated in, by any Lender (except any reserve requirement reflected in the Term SOFR Screen Rate) or any Issuing Bank;
 
(ii)          subject any Lender or any Issuing Bank to any Tax of any kind whatsoever with respect to this Agreement, any Letter of Credit, any participation in a Letter of Credit or any Loan made by it (except for any Taxes described in clauses (b) through (d) of the definition of Excluded Taxes, Indemnified Taxes or Connection Income Taxes); or
 
(iii)      impose on any Lender or any Issuing Bank or the London interbank market any other condition, cost or expense affecting this Agreement or Term SOFR Loans made by such Lender or any Letter of Credit or participation therein;
 
and the result of any of the foregoing shall be to increase the cost to such Lender of making, continuing, converting into or maintaining any Term SOFR Loan (or of maintaining its obligation to make any such Loan), or to increase the cost to such Lender, such Issuing Bank or such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s holding company, if any, of participating in, issuing or maintaining any Letter of Credit (or of maintaining its obligation to participate in or to issue any Letter of Credit), or to reduce the amount of any sum received or receivable by such Lender or such Issuing Bank hereunder (whether of principal, interest or any other amount), then, upon request of such Lender or such Issuing Bank, Borrowers will pay to such Lender or such Issuing Bank, as the case may be, such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender or such Issuing Bank, as the case may be, for such additional costs incurred or reduction suffered.
 
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(b)         Capital Requirements. If any Lender or any Issuing Bank determines (in good faith) that any Change in Law affecting such Lender or such Issuing Bank or any lending office of such Lender or such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s holding company, if any, regarding capital and liquidity requirements has or would have the effect of reducing the rate of return on such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s capital or on the capital of such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s holding company, if any, as a consequence of this Agreement, the Commitments of such Lender or the Loans made by, or participations in Letters of Credit held by, such Lender, or the Letters of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank, to a level below that which such Lender or such Issuing Bank or such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s holding company could have achieved but for such Change in Law (taking into consideration such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s policies and the policies of such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s holding company with respect to capital adequacy and liquidity), then from time to time Borrowers will pay to such Lender or such Issuing Bank, as the case may be, such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender or such Issuing Bank or such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s holding company for any such reduction suffered.
 
(c)         Certificates for Reimbursement. A certificate of a Lender or an Issuing Bank setting forth the amount or amounts necessary to compensate such Lender or such Issuing Bank or its holding company, as the case may be, as specified in paragraph (a) or (b) of this Section 2.12 and delivered to Borrowers shall be prima facie evidence of the facts determined therein absent manifest error. Borrowers shall pay such Lender or such Issuing Bank, as the case may be, the amount shown as due on any such certificate within 15 days after receipt thereof.
 
(d)          Delay in Requests. Failure or delay on the part of any Lender or any Issuing Bank to demand compensation pursuant to this Section 2.12 shall not constitute a waiver of such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s right to demand such compensation; provided that Borrowers shall not be required to compensate a Lender or an Issuing Bank pursuant to this Section for any increased costs incurred or reductions suffered more than nine months prior to the date that such Lender or such Issuing Bank, as the case may be, notifies Borrowers of the Change in Law giving rise to such increased costs or reductions and of such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s intention to claim compensation therefor (except that, if the Change in Law giving rise to such increased costs or reductions is retroactive, then the nine-month period referred to above shall be extended to include the period of retroactive effect thereof) .
 
Section 2.13        Breakage Payments.
 
In the event of (a) the payment or prepayment, whether optional or mandatory, of any principal of any Term SOFR Loan earlier than the last day of an Interest Period applicable thereto (including as a result of an Event of Default), (b) the conversion of any Term SOFR Loan earlier than the last day of the Interest Period applicable thereto, (c) the failure to borrow, convert, continue or prepay any Term SOFR Loan on the date specified in any notice delivered pursuant hereto or (d) the assignment of any Term SOFR Loan earlier than the last day of the Interest Period applicable thereto as a result of a request by Administrative Borrower pursuant to Section 2.16(b), then, in any such event, Borrowers shall compensate each Lender for the loss, cost and expense attributable to such event. In the case of a Term SOFR Loan, such loss, cost or expense to any Lender shall be deemed to include an amount reasonably equal to the actual loss or expense arising from the liquidation or reemployment of funds obtained by such Lender to maintain such Loss. A certificate of any Lender setting forth in reasonable detail any amount or amounts that such Lender is entitled to receive pursuant to this Section 2.13 shall be delivered to Borrowers (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) and shall be prima facie evidence of the facts determined therein absent manifest error. Borrowers shall pay such Lender the amount shown as due on any such certificate within 5 days after receipt thereof.
 
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Section 2.14         Payments Generally; Pro Rata Treatment; Sharing of Setoffs.
 
(a)         Payments Generally. Borrowers shall make each payment required to be made by them hereunder or under any other Loan Document (whether of principal, interest, fees or Reimbursement Obligations, or of amounts payable under Section 2.12, 2.13, 2.15, 2.16, 10.03 or 10.19, or otherwise) on or before the time expressly required hereunder or under such other Loan Document for such payment (or, if no such time is expressly required, prior to 2:00 p.m., New York City time), on the date when due, in immediately available funds, without setoff, deduction or counterclaim. Any amounts received after such time on any date may, in the discretion of the Administrative Agent, be deemed to have been received on the next succeeding Business Day for purposes of calculating interest thereon. All such payments shall be made to the Administrative Agent at its offices set forth in Section 10.01 hereto, except payments to be made directly to any Issuing Bank or Swingline Lender as expressly provided herein and except that payments pursuant to Sections 2.12, 2.13, 2.15, 2.16, 10.03 or 10.19 shall be made directly to the persons entitled thereto and payments pursuant to other Loan Documents shall be made to the persons specified therein. The Administrative Agent shall distribute any such payments received by it for the account of any other person to the appropriate recipient promptly following receipt thereof. Notwithstanding anything else herein to the contrary, if any payment under any Loan Document shall be due on a day that is not a Business Day, unless specified otherwise, the date for payment shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day, and, in the case of any payment accruing interest, interest thereon shall be payable for the period of such extension unless such payment is made on such next succeeding Business Day. All payments under each Loan Document shall be made in dollars, except as expressly specified otherwise.
 
(b)          Pro Rata Treatment.
 
(i)         Each payment by Borrowers of interest in respect of the Loans shall be applied to the amounts of such obligations owing to the Lenders pro rata according to the respective amounts then due and owing to the Lenders.
 
(ii)         Each payment on account of principal of the Revolving Borrowings shall be made pro rata according to the respective outstanding principal amounts of the Revolving Loans then held by the Revolving Lenders, except as expressly provided in Section 2.20(d).
 
(c)        Insufficient Funds. If at any time insufficient funds are received by and available to the Administrative Agent to pay fully all amounts of principal, Reimbursement Obligations, interest and fees then due hereunder, such funds shall be applied (i) first, toward payment of interest and fees then due hereunder, ratably among the parties entitled thereto in accordance with the amounts of interest and fees then due to such parties, and (ii) second, toward payment of principal and Reimbursement Obligations then due hereunder, ratably among the parties entitled thereto in accordance with the amounts of principal and Reimbursement Obligations then due to such parties. It is understood that the foregoing does not apply to any adequate protection payments under any federal, state or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership or similar proceeding, and that the Administrative Agent may, subject to any applicable federal, state or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership or similar orders, distribute any adequate protection payments it receives on behalf of the Lenders to the Lenders in its sole discretion (i.e., whether to pay the earliest accrued interest, all accrued interest on a pro rata basis or otherwise).
 
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(d)          Sharing of Set-Off. If any Lender (and/or any Issuing Bank, which shall be deemed a “Lender” for purposes of this Section 2.14(d)) shall, by exercising any right of setoff or counterclaim or otherwise, obtain payment in respect of any principal of or interest on any of its Loans or other Obligations resulting in such Lender’s receiving payment of a proportion of the aggregate amount of its Loans and accrued interest thereon or other Obligations greater than its pro rata share thereof as provided herein, then the Lender receiving such greater proportion shall (a) notify the Administrative Agent of such fact, and (b) purchase (for cash at face value) participations in the Loans and such other obligations of the other Lenders, or make such other adjustments as shall be equitable, so that the benefit of all such payments shall be shared by the Lenders ratably in accordance with the aggregate amount of principal of and accrued interest on their respective Loans and other amounts owing them, provided that:
 
(i)         if any such participations are purchased and all or any portion of the payment giving rise thereto is recovered, such participations shall be rescinded and the purchase price restored to the extent of such recovery, without interest; and
 
(ii)         the provisions of this paragraph shall not be construed to apply to (x) any payment made by Borrowers pursuant to and in accordance with the express terms of this Agreement or (y) any payment obtained by a Lender as consideration for the assignment of or sale of a participation in any of its Loans or participations in LC Disbursements to any assignee or participant, other than to Holdings or any Subsidiary thereof (as to which the provisions of this paragraph shall apply).
 
Each Loan Party consents to the foregoing and agrees, to the extent it may effectively do so under applicable Requirements of Law, that any Lender acquiring a participation pursuant to the foregoing arrangements may exercise against such Loan Party rights of setoff and counterclaim with respect to such participation as fully as if such Lender were a direct creditor of such Loan Party in the amount of such participation. If under applicable bankruptcy, insolvency or any similar law any Secured Party receives a secured claim in lieu of a setoff or counterclaim to which this Section 2.14(d) applies, such Secured Party shall to the extent practicable, exercise its rights in respect of such secured claim in a manner consistent with the rights to which the Secured Party is entitled under this Section 2.14(d) to share in the benefits of the recovery of such secured claim.
 
(e)          Borrower Default. Unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from Administrative Borrower prior to the date on which any payment is due to the Administrative Agent for the account of the Lenders or the Issuing Banks hereunder that Borrowers will not make such payment, the Administrative Agent may assume that Borrowers have made such payment on such date in accordance herewith and may, in reliance upon such assumption, distribute to the Lenders or the Issuing Banks, as the case may be, the amount due. With respect to any payment that Administrative Agent makes for the account of Lenders or any Issuing Bank hereunder as to which Administrative Agent determines (which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error)  that any of the following applies (such payment, a "Rescindable Amount"): (1) Borrowers have not in fact made such payment, (2) Administrative Agent has made a payment in excess of the amount so paid by Borrowers (whether or not then owed), or (3) Administrative Agent has for any reason otherwise erroneously made such payment, then each Lender or Issuing Bank, as applicable, severally agrees to repay to Administrative Agent forthwith on demand the Rescindable Amount so distributed to or otherwise made for the account of such Lender or Issuing Bank, in immediately available funds with interest thereon for each day from and including the date such amount is distributed to it to but excluding the date of payment to Administrative Agent, at the greater of the Federal Funds Rate and a rate determined by Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation. A notice by Administrative Agent to Issuing Bank, and any Lender with respect to any amount owing under this clause (e) shall be conclusive, absent manifest error.
 
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Section 2.15         Taxes.
 
(a)         Payments Free of Taxes. Any and all payments by or on account of any obligation of the Loan Parties hereunder or under any other Loan Document shall be made free and clear of and without reduction or withholding for any Taxes except as required by applicable Requirements of Law; provided that if the applicable withholding agent shall be required by applicable Requirements of Law (as determined in the good faith discretion of the applicable withholding agent) to deduct any Tax from such payments, then (i) if such Tax is an Indemnified Tax or Other Tax, the sum payable shall be increased by the Loan Parties as necessary so that after all required deductions have been made (including deductions applicable to additional sums payable under this Section) the Administrative Agent or Lender, as the case may be, receives an amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such deductions been made, (ii) the applicable withholding agent shall make all such deductions and (iii) the applicable withholding agent shall timely pay the full amount deducted to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with applicable Requirements of Law.
 
(b)         Payment of Other Taxes by Borrowers. Without limiting the provisions of paragraph (a) above or (c) below, Borrowers shall timely pay any Other Taxes to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with applicable Requirements of Law.
 
(c)         Indemnification by Borrowers. Without duplication of amounts paid by the Borrowers pursuant to Section 2.15(a), or (b), Borrowers shall indemnify the Administrative Agent and each Lender, within 10 days after demand therefor, for the full amount of any Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes (including Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes imposed or asserted on or attributable to amounts payable under this Section) payable by the Administrative Agent or such Lender, as the case may be, and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority; provided that the Borrowers shall not be required to indemnify the Administrative Agent or any Lender for interest, additions to tax or penalties imposed as a result of the gross negligence or willful misconduct of such Person.  A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to Borrowers by a Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), or by the Administrative Agent on its own behalf or on behalf of a Lender, setting forth in reasonable detail the basis for the calculations of such payment or liability and including reasonable supporting evidence shall be prima facie evidence thereof absent manifest error.
 
(d)        Evidence of Payments. As soon as practicable after any payment of Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes by Borrowers to a Governmental Authority, Administrative Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent the original or a certified copy of a receipt issued by such Governmental Authority evidencing such payment or other evidence of such payment reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.
 
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(e)         Status of Lenders. On or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement, including by assignment, any Foreign Lender that is entitled to an exemption from or reduction of any withholding Tax with respect to any payments hereunder or under any other Loan Document shall, to the extent it may lawfully do so, deliver to Administrative Borrower and to the Administrative Agent, at the time or times reasonably requested by Administrative Borrower or the Administrative Agent, such properly completed and executed documentation prescribed by applicable Requirements of Law as will permit such payments to be made without withholding or at a reduced rate of withholding. In addition, any Lender, if requested by Administrative Borrower or the Administrative Agent, shall deliver such other documentation prescribed by applicable Requirements of Law or reasonably requested by Administrative Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will enable Administrative Borrower or the Administrative Agent to determine whether or not such Lender is subject to backup withholding or information reporting requirements. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the above two sentences, the completion, execution and submission of such documentation (other than such documentation set forth in paragraphs (i) through (v) of this Section) shall not be required if in the Lender’s judgment such completion, execution or submission would subject such Lender to any unreimbursed cost or expense or would be disadvantageous to such Lender in any material respect.
 
Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in the event that any Borrower is resident for Tax purposes in the United States of America, any Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it may lawfully do so, deliver to Administrative Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement including by assignment (and from time to time thereafter upon the request of Administrative Borrower or the Administrative Agent, but only if such Foreign Lender is legally entitled to do so), whichever of the following is applicable:
 
(i)          duly completed copies of Internal Revenue Service Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E (or any successor forms) claiming eligibility for benefits of an income Tax treaty to which the United States of America is a party,
 
(ii)          duly completed copies of Internal Revenue Service Form W-8ECI (or any successor forms),
 
(iii)        in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of the exemption for portfolio interest under Section 881(c) of the Code, (x) a certificate, in substantially the form of Exhibit Q, or any other form approved by the Administrative Agent, to the effect that such Foreign Lender is not (A) a “bank” within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Code, (B) a “10 percent shareholder” of a Borrower within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(B) of the Code, or (C) a “controlled foreign corporation” described in Section 881(c)(3)(C) of the Code, and that no payments in connection with the Loan Documents are effectively connected with such Foreign Lender’s conduct of a U.S. trade or business and (y) duly completed copies of Internal Revenue Service Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E (or any successor forms),
 
(iv)        to the extent a Foreign Lender is not the beneficial owner (for example, where the Foreign Lender is a partnership or participating Lender granting a typical participation), duly completed copies of Internal Revenue Service Form W-8IMY (or any successor forms), accompanied by a Form W-8ECI, W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E, a certificate in substantially the form of Exhibit Q, Form W-9, and/or other certification documents from each beneficial owner, as applicable; provided that, if the Foreign Lender is a partnership (and not a participating Lender) and one or more beneficial owners of such Foreign Lender are claiming the portfolio interest exemption, such Foreign Lender may provide a certificate, in substantially the form of Exhibit Q, on behalf of such beneficial owner(s),
 
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(v)        if a payment made to a Lender hereunder or pursuant to any Notes would be subject to U.S. federal withholding Tax imposed by FATCA if such Lender fails to comply with the applicable reporting requirements of FATCA (including those contained in section 1471(b) or 1472(b) of the Code, as applicable), such Lender shall deliver to Administrative Agent and Administrative Borrower (A) a certification signed by the chief financial officer, principal accounting officer, treasurer or controller and (B) other documentation reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent and Administrative Borrower sufficient for Administrative Agent and Administrative Borrower to comply with their obligations under FATCA and to determine that such Lender has complied with such applicable reporting requirements, or
 
(vi)        any other form prescribed by applicable Requirements of Law as a basis for claiming exemption from or a reduction in U.S. federal withholding Tax duly completed together with such supplementary documentation as may be prescribed by applicable Requirements of Law to permit Borrowers and the Administrative Agent to determine the withholding or deduction required to be made.
 
Each Foreign Lender shall, from time to time after the initial delivery by such Foreign Lender of the forms described above, whenever a lapse in time or change in such Foreign Lender’s circumstances renders such forms, certificates or other evidence so delivered obsolete or inaccurate, promptly (1) deliver to the Administrative Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) renewals, amendments or additional or successor forms, properly completed and duly executed by such Foreign Lender, together with any other certificate or statement of exemption required in order to confirm or establish such Foreign Lender’s status or that such Foreign Lender is entitled to an exemption from or reduction in U.S. federal withholding Tax or (2) notify Administrative Agent and Borrowers of its inability to deliver any such forms, certificates or other evidence.
 
Any Lender that is not a Foreign Lender shall deliver to Administrative Borrower and the Administrative Agent on or prior to the date on which such Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter as prescribed by applicable law or upon the request of Administrative Borrower or the Administrative Agent), duly executed and properly completed copies of Internal Revenue Service Form W-9 certifying that it is not subject to backup withholding.
 
(f)          Treatment of Certain Refunds. If the Administrative Agent or a Lender determines, in its sole discretion, that it has received a refund of any Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes as to which it has been indemnified by a Loan Party or with respect to which a Loan Party has paid additional amounts pursuant to this Section, it shall pay to the applicable Loan Party an amount equal to such refund (but only to the extent of indemnity payments made, or additional amounts paid, by such Loan Party under this Section with respect to the Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes giving rise to such refund), net of all out-of-pocket expenses of the Administrative Agent or such Lender, as the case may be, and without interest (other than any interest paid by the relevant Governmental Authority with respect to such refund); provided that such Loan Party, upon the request of the Administrative Agent or such Lender, agrees to repay the amount paid over to such Loan Party (plus any penalties, interest or other charges imposed by the relevant Governmental Authority) to the Administrative Agent or such Lender or in the event the Administrative Agent or such Lender is required to repay such refund to such Governmental Authority. This paragraph shall not be construed to require the Administrative Agent or any Lender to make available its tax returns (or any other information relating to its Taxes that it deems confidential) to Borrowers or any other person. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, in no event will the Administrative Agent or any Lender be required to pay any amount to a Loan Party the payment of which would place the Administrative Agent or such Lender in a less favorable net after-tax position than the Administrative Agent or such Lender would have been in if the Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes giving rise to such refund had never been imposed in the first instance.
 
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(g)        Payments. For purposes of this Section 2.15, (i) any payments by the Administrative Agent to a Lender of any amounts received by the Administrative Agent from Borrowers on behalf of such Lender shall be treated as a payment from Borrowers to such Lender and (ii) if a Lender is treated as a partnership by a jurisdiction imposing an Indemnified Tax, any withholding or payment of such Indemnified Tax by the Lender in respect of any of such Lender’s partners shall be considered a withholding or payment of such Indemnified Tax by the Borrowers.
 
(h)          Issuing Bank. For all purposes of this Section 2.15, the term Lender shall include the Issuing Banks.
 
(i)          No Longer “Grandfathered Obligations”. The Borrowers intend to treat the Revolving Commitments (including advances already outstanding) as not being “grandfathered obligations” for purposes of FATCA.
 
Section 2.16         Mitigation Obligations; Replacement of Lenders.
 
(a)          Designation of a Different Lending Office. If any Lender requests compensation under Section 2.12, or requires Borrowers to indemnify or pay any additional amount to any Lender or any Governmental Authority for the account of any Lender pursuant to Section 2.15, then such Lender shall use reasonable efforts to designate a different lending office for funding or booking its Loans hereunder or to assign its rights and obligations hereunder to another of its offices, branches or affiliates, if, in the judgment of such Lender, such designation or assignment (i) would eliminate or reduce amounts payable pursuant to Section 2.12 or 2.15, as the case may be, in the future and (ii) would not subject such Lender to any unreimbursed cost or expense and would not otherwise be disadvantageous to such Lender. Borrowers hereby agree to pay all reasonable costs and expenses incurred by any Lender in connection with any such designation or assignment. A certificate setting forth such costs and expenses submitted by such Lender to Administrative Borrower, setting forth in reasonable detail the basis for the calculations of such costs and expenses and including reasonable supporting evidence, shall be prima facie evidence thereof absent manifest error.
 
(b)        Replacement of Lenders. If any Lender requests compensation under Section 2.12, or if Borrowers are required to indemnify or pay any additional amount to any Lender or any Governmental Authority for the account of any Lender pursuant to Section 2.15, or if any Lender is a Defaulting Lender, or if Borrowers exercise their replacement rights under Section 10.02(d), then Borrowers may, at their sole expense and effort, upon notice to such Lender and the Administrative Agent, require such Lender to assign and delegate, without recourse (in accordance with and subject to the restrictions contained in, and consents required by, Section 10.04), all of its interests, rights and obligations under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents to an Eligible Assignee that shall assume such obligations (which assignee may be another Lender, if a Lender accepts such assignment); provided that:
 
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(i)          Borrowers shall have paid (or shall have caused to be paid) to the Administrative Agent the processing and recordation fee specified in Section 10.04(b);
 
(ii)       such Lender shall have received payment of an amount equal to the outstanding principal of its Loans and participations in LC Disbursements and Swingline Loans, accrued interest thereon, accrued fees and all other amounts payable to it hereunder and under the other Loan Documents (including any amounts under Section 2.13) (other than indemnities and other Contingent Obligations not then due and payable), assuming for this purpose (in the case of a Lender being replaced pursuant to Section 2.12, 2.15 or 10.02(d)) that the Loans of such Lender were being prepaid) from the assignee (to the extent of such outstanding principal and accrued interest and fees) or Borrowers (in the case of all other amounts)
 
(iii)       in the case of any such assignment resulting from a claim for compensation under Section 2.12 or payments required to be made pursuant to Section 2.15, such assignment will result in a reduction in such compensation or payments thereafter; and
 
(iv)         such assignment does not conflict with applicable Requirements of Law.
 
A Lender shall not be required to make any such assignment or delegation if, prior thereto, as a result of a waiver by such Lender or otherwise, the circumstances entitling Borrowers to require such assignment and delegation cease to apply.
 
Each Lender agrees that, if Borrowers elect to replace such Lender in accordance with this Section 2.16(b), they shall promptly execute and deliver to the Administrative Agent an Assignment and Assumption to evidence the assignment and shall deliver to the Administrative Agent any Note (if Notes have been issued in respect of such Lender’s Loans) subject to such Assignment and Assumption; provided that the failure of any such Lender to execute an Assignment and Assumption shall not render such assignment invalid and such assignment shall be recorded in the Register.
 
Section 2.17         Swingline Loans.
 
(a)          Swingline Commitment. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, the Swingline Lender agrees, in reliance upon the agreements of the other Lenders set forth in this Section 2.17 and in its discretion, to make Swingline Loans to Borrowers from time to time during the Revolving Availability Period, in an aggregate principal amount at any time outstanding that will not result in (i) the aggregate principal amount of outstanding Swingline Loans exceeding the Swingline Commitment or (ii) the sum of the total Revolving Exposures exceeding the Line Cap; provided that the Borrowers shall not use the proceeds of any Swingline Loan to refinance an outstanding Swingline Loan. Within the foregoing limits and subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, Borrowers may borrow, repay and reborrow Swingline Loans.
 
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(b)         Swingline Loans. To request a Swingline Loan, Administrative Borrower shall deliver, by hand delivery, telecopier or email attachment, a duly completed and executed Borrowing Request to the Administrative Agent and the Swingline Lender, not later than 1:00 p.m., New York City time, on the day of a proposed Swingline Loan. Each such notice shall be irrevocable and shall specify the requested date (which shall be a Business Day) and the amount of the requested Swingline Loan. Each Swingline Loan shall be an ABR Loan. The Swingline Lender shall make each Swingline Loan available to Borrowers to an account as directed by Administrative Borrower in the applicable Borrowing Request maintained with the Administrative Agent (or, in the case of a Swingline Loan made to finance the reimbursement of an LC Disbursement as provided in Section 2.18(e), by remittance to the relevant Issuing Bank) by 3:00 p.m., New York City time, on the requested date of such Swingline Loan. Administrative Borrower shall not request a Swingline Loan if at the time of or immediately after giving effect to the Extension of Credit contemplated by such request a Default has occurred and is continuing or would result therefrom. Swingline Loans shall be made in minimum amounts of $1,000,000 and integral multiples of $100,000 above such amount.
 
(c)          Prepayment. Borrowers shall have the right at any time and from time to time to repay any Swingline Loan, in whole or in part, upon giving written notice to the Swingline Lender and the Administrative Agent before 2:00 p.m., New York City time, on the proposed date of prepayment.
 
(d)          Participations. The Swingline Lender may at any time in its discretion, and shall, at least once each week, by written notice given to the Administrative Agent (provided such notice requirement shall not apply if the Swingline Lender and the Administrative Agent are the same entity) not later than 11:00 a.m., New York City time, on the next succeeding Business Day following such notice require the Revolving Lenders to acquire participations on such Business Day in all or a portion of the Swingline Loans then outstanding. Such notice shall specify the aggregate amount of Swingline Loans in which Revolving Lenders will participate. Promptly upon receipt of such notice, the Administrative Agent will give notice thereof to each Revolving Lender, specifying in such notice such Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage of such Swingline Loan or Loans. Each Revolving Lender hereby absolutely and unconditionally agrees, upon receipt of notice as provided above, to pay to the Administrative Agent, for the account of the Swingline Lender, such Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage of such Swingline Loan or Loans. The purchase of participations in a Swingline Loan pursuant to this paragraph shall not relieve Borrowers of any default in the payment thereof. Each Revolving Lender acknowledges and agrees that its obligation to acquire participations in Swingline Loans pursuant to this paragraph is absolute and unconditional and shall not be affected by any circumstance whatsoever, including the occurrence and continuance of a Default or reduction or termination of the Commitments, and that each such payment shall be made without any offset, abatement, withholding or reduction whatsoever (so long as such payment shall not cause such Lender’s Revolving Exposure to exceed such Lender’s Revolving Commitment). Each Revolving Lender shall comply with its obligation under this paragraph by wire transfer of immediately available funds, in the same manner as provided in Section 2.02(c) with respect to Loans made by such Lender (and Section 2.02 shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to the payment obligations of the Revolving Lenders), and the Administrative Agent shall promptly pay to the Swingline Lender the amounts so received by it from the Revolving Lenders. The Administrative Agent shall notify Administrative Borrower of any participations in any Swingline Loan acquired by the Revolving Lenders pursuant to this paragraph, and thereafter payments in respect of such Swingline Loan shall be made to the Administrative Agent and not to the Swingline Lender. Any amounts received by the Swingline Lender from Borrowers (or other party on behalf of Borrowers) in respect of a Swingline Loan after receipt by the Swingline Lender of the proceeds of a sale of participations therein shall be promptly remitted to the Administrative Agent. Any such amounts received by the Administrative Agent shall be promptly remitted by the Administrative Agent to the Revolving Lenders that shall have made their payments pursuant to this paragraph, as their interests may appear.
 
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Section 2.18         Letters of Credit.
 
(a)          General. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, Administrative Borrower may request each Issuing Bank, and each Issuing Bank agrees, to issue Letters of Credit for a Borrower’s own account or the account of a Subsidiary in a form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and such Issuing Bank, at any time and from time to time during the Revolving Availability Period (provided that the applicable Borrower shall be a co-applicant, and be jointly and severally liable, with respect to each Letter of Credit issued for the account of a Subsidiary). Each Issuing Bank shall have no obligation to issue, and Administrative Borrower shall not request the issuance of, any Letter of Credit at any time if after giving effect to such issuance, the LC Exposure would exceed the LC Commitment or the total Revolving Exposure would exceed the Line Cap. In the event of any inconsistency between the terms and conditions of this Agreement and the terms and conditions of any form of letter of credit application or other agreement submitted by Administrative Borrower to, or entered into by Borrowers with, an Issuing Bank relating to any Letter of Credit, the terms and conditions of this Agreement shall control. To the extent that an Issuing Bank has LC Exposure on the Effective Date that is higher than its individual LC Commitment separately agreed to with the Borrowers and the Administrative Agent then such Issuing Bank’s individual LC Commitment shall be reduced over time to at or below their agreed-upon level as existing Letters of Credit expire over time.
 
(b)          Request for Issuance, Amendment, Renewal, Extension; Certain Conditions and Notices. To request the issuance of a Letter of Credit or the amendment, renewal or extension of an outstanding Letter of Credit, Administrative Borrower shall deliver, by hand or telecopier (or transmit by electronic communication, if arrangements for doing so have been approved by the relevant Issuing Bank), an LC Request to the relevant Issuing Bank and the Administrative Agent not later than 11:00 a.m. on the second Business Day preceding the requested date of issuance, amendment, renewal or extension (or such shorter preceding date and time as is acceptable to the relevant Issuing Bank).
 
A request for an initial issuance of a Letter of Credit shall be provided and delivered by the Administrative Borrower and shall specify in form and detail reasonably satisfactory to the relevant Issuing Bank:
 
(i)           the proposed issuance date of the requested Letter of Credit (which shall be a Business Day);
 
(ii)         the amount thereof;
 
(iii)        the expiry date thereof (which shall not be later than the close of business on the Letter of Credit Expiration Date or such later date acceptable to the Administrative Agent and the relevant Issuing Bank);
 
(iv)         the name and address of the beneficiary thereof;
 
(v)        whether the Letter of Credit is to be issued for its own account or for the account of one of its Subsidiaries (provided that such Borrower shall be a co-applicant, and therefore jointly and severally liable, with respect to each Letter of Credit issued for the account of a Subsidiary);
 
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(vi)         the documents to be presented by such beneficiary in connection with any drawing thereunder;
 
(vii)        the full text of any certificate to be presented by such beneficiary in connection with any drawing thereunder; and
 
(viii)       such other matters as the relevant Issuing Bank may reasonably require.
 
A request for an amendment, renewal or extension of any outstanding Letter of Credit shall specify in form and detail reasonably satisfactory to the relevant Issuing Bank:
 
(i)           the Letter of Credit to be amended, renewed or extended;
 
(ii)          the proposed date of amendment, renewal or extension thereof (which shall be a Business Day);
 
(iii)         the nature of the proposed amendment, renewal or extension; and
 
(iv)         such other matters as the relevant Issuing Bank may reasonably require.
 
If requested by an Issuing Bank, Administrative Borrower also shall submit a letter of credit application on such Issuing Bank’s standard form in connection with any request for a Letter of Credit. A Letter of Credit shall be issued, amended, renewed or extended only if (and, upon issuance, amendment, renewal or extension of each Letter of Credit, Administrative Borrower shall be deemed to represent and warrant that), after giving effect to such issuance, amendment, renewal or extension, (i) the LC Exposure shall not exceed the LC Commitment, (ii) the total Revolving Exposures shall not exceed the Line Cap and (iii) the conditions set forth in Article IV in respect of such issuance, amendment, renewal or extension shall have been satisfied. Unless the relevant Issuing Bank and the Administrative Agent shall agree otherwise, no Letter of Credit shall be in an initial amount less than $100,000, in the case of a Commercial Letter of Credit, or $100,000, in the case of a Standby Letter of Credit.
 
Upon the issuance of any Letter of Credit or amendment, renewal, extension or modification to a Letter of Credit, the relevant Issuing Bank shall promptly notify the Administrative Agent, who shall promptly notify each Revolving Lender, thereof, which notice shall be accompanied by a copy of such Letter of Credit or amendment, renewal, extension or modification to a Letter of Credit and the amount of such Lender’s respective participation in such Letter of Credit pursuant to Section 2.18(d). If the Issuing Bank is not the same person as the Administrative Agent, on the first Business Day of each calendar month, each Issuing Bank shall provide to the Administrative Agent and the Administrative Borrower a report listing all outstanding Letters of Credit and the amounts and beneficiaries thereof and the Administrative Agent shall promptly provide such report to each Revolving Lender.
 
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(c)          Expiration Date. Each Letter of Credit shall expire at or prior to the close of business on the earlier of (i) (w) the date which is one year after the date of the issuance of such Letter of Credit (or, in the case of any renewal or extension thereof, one year after such renewal or extension), (x) the Letter of Credit Expiration Date (or such later date acceptable to the Administrative Agent and the relevant Issuing Bank) and (y) the expiration date set forth on the face of such Letter of Credit, and (ii) if Administrative Borrower so requests in any Letter of Credit Request, the relevant Issuing Bank may, in its sole and absolute discretion, agree to issue a Letter of Credit that has automatic renewal provisions (each, an “Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit”); provided that any such Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit must permit such Issuing Bank to prevent any such renewal at least once in each twelve-month period (commencing with the date of issuance of such Letter of Credit) by giving prior notice to the beneficiary thereof not later than a day in each such twelve-month period to be agreed upon at the time such Letter of Credit is issued and set forth in such Letter of Credit. Unless otherwise directed by the relevant Issuing Bank, Borrowers shall not be required to make a specific request to such Issuing Bank for any such renewal. Once an Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit has been issued, the Revolving Lenders shall be deemed to have authorized (but may not require) the relevant Issuing Bank to permit the renewal of such Letter of Credit at any time prior to an expiry date but not later than the earlier of (i) one year from the date of such renewal and (ii) the Letter of Credit Expiration Date (or such later date acceptable to the Administrative Agent and such Issuing Bank); provided that such Issuing Bank shall not permit any such renewal if (x) such Issuing Bank has determined that it would have no obligation at such time to issue such Letter of Credit in its renewed form under the terms hereof (by reason of the provisions of Section 2.18(k) or otherwise), or (y) it has received notice on or before the day that is two Business Days before the date which has been agreed upon pursuant to the proviso of the first sentence of this paragraph, (1) from the Administrative Agent that any Revolving Lender directly affected thereby has elected not to permit such renewal or (2) from the Administrative Agent, any Lender or Borrowers that one or more of the applicable conditions specified in Section 4.02 are not then satisfied.
 
(d)         Participations. By the issuance of a Letter of Credit (or an amendment to a Letter of Credit increasing the amount thereof) and without any further action on the part of the Issuing Banks or the Lenders, each Issuing Bank hereby irrevocably grants to each Revolving Lender, and each Revolving Lender hereby acquires from such Issuing Bank, a participation in such Letter of Credit equal to such Revolving Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage of the aggregate amount available to be drawn under such Letter of Credit. In consideration and in furtherance of the foregoing, each Revolving Lender hereby absolutely and unconditionally agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent, for the account of the Issuing Banks, such Revolving Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage of each LC Disbursement made by the Issuing Banks and not reimbursed by Borrowers on the date due as provided in Section 2.18(e), or of any reimbursement payment required to be refunded to Borrowers for any reason. Each Revolving Lender acknowledges and agrees that its obligation to acquire participations pursuant to this paragraph in respect of Letters of Credit is absolute and unconditional and shall not be affected by any circumstance whatsoever, including any amendment, renewal or extension of any Letter of Credit or the occurrence and continuance of a Default or reduction or termination of the Commitments, or expiration, termination or cash collateralization of any Letter of Credit and that each such payment shall be made without any offset, abatement, withholding or reduction whatsoever.
 
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(e)          Reimbursement.
 
(i)       If any Issuing Bank shall make any LC Disbursement in respect of a Letter of Credit, Borrowers shall reimburse such LC Disbursement by paying to such Issuing Bank an amount equal to such LC Disbursement not later than 3:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date that such LC Disbursement is made if Administrative Borrower shall have received notice of such LC Disbursement prior to 11:00 a.m., New York City time, on such date, or, if such notice has not been received by Administrative Borrower prior to such time on such date, then not later than 3:00 p.m., New York City time, on the Business Day immediately following the day that Administrative Borrower receives such notice; provided that Administrative Borrower may request in accordance with Section 2.03 that such payment be financed with ABR Revolving Loans or Swingline Loans (which ABR Revolving Loans or Swingline Loans, as the case may be, will not be subject to the conditions to borrowing set forth herein) in an equivalent amount and, to the extent so financed, Borrowers’ obligation to make such payment shall be discharged and replaced by the resulting ABR Revolving Loans or Swingline Loans.
 
(ii)        If Borrowers elects not to make such payment when due for any reason, then the Borrowers will be deemed to have requested a Revolving Loan to the Revolving Lenders, and which request will be automatic and not be subject to the conditions precedent set forth in Article IV. Upon delivery of written notice of such election by the Administrative Borrower to the relevant Issuing Bank, such Issuing Bank shall notify the Administrative Agent and the Administrative Agent shall notify each Revolving Lender of the applicable LC Disbursement, the payment then due from Borrowers in respect thereof (including, without limitation, any amounts under Section 2.18(e)(iii) or 2.18(h)) and such Revolving Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage thereof. Each Revolving Lender shall then fund its Pro Rata Percentage of such Revolving Loans and shall pay by wire transfer of immediately available funds to the Administrative Agent not later than 2:00 p.m., New York City time, on such date (or, if such Revolving Lender shall have received such notice later than 12:00 noon, New York City time, on any day, not later than 11:00 a.m., New York City time, on the immediately following Business Day), an amount equal to such Revolving Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage of the unreimbursed LC Disbursement in the same manner as provided in Section 2.02(c) with respect to Revolving Loans made by such Revolving Lender, and the Administrative Agent will promptly pay to the relevant Issuing Bank the amounts so received by it from the Revolving Lenders. If for whatever reason it is not possible for a Revolving Loan to be made as provided herein, the Administrative Agent shall notify the relevant Issuing Bank and each Revolving Lender of such event and such Issuing Bank shall then within one (1) Business Day notify the Administrative Agent and each Revolving Lender of the applicable LC Disbursement, the payment then due from Borrowers in respect thereof and such Revolving Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage thereof. Each Revolving Lender shall pay by wire transfer of immediately available funds to the Administrative Agent not later than 2:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date it is notified by the relevant Issuing Bank (or, if such Revolving Lender shall have received such notice later than 12:00 noon, New York City time, on any day, not later than 11:00 a.m., New York City time, on the immediately following Business Day), an amount equal to such Revolving Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage of the unreimbursed LC Disbursement in the same manner as provided in Section 2.02(c) with respect to Revolving Loans made by such Revolving Lender, and the Administrative Agent will promptly pay to such Issuing Bank the amounts so received by it from the Revolving Lenders. To the extent of any payments made by a Revolving Lender pursuant to this Section 2.18(e)(ii), no Default or Event of Default will result from the failure of the Borrowers to make reimbursement in respect of the relevant LC Disbursement, which reimbursement obligations will be satisfied by the funding of the relevant Revolving Loans. The Administrative Agent will promptly pay to the relevant Issuing Bank any amounts received by it from Borrowers pursuant to the above paragraph prior to the time that any Revolving Lender makes any payment pursuant to the preceding sentence and any such amounts received by the Administrative Agent from Borrowers thereafter will be promptly remitted by the Administrative Agent to the Revolving Lenders that shall have made such payments and to such Issuing Bank, as appropriate.
 
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(iii)        If any Revolving Lender shall not have made its Pro Rata Percentage of such LC Disbursement available to the Administrative Agent as provided above, each of such Revolving Lender and Borrowers severally agrees to pay interest on such amount, for each day from and including the date such amount is required to be paid in accordance with the foregoing to but excluding the date such amount is paid, to the Administrative Agent for the account of the Issuing Banks at (i) in the case of Borrowers, the rate per annum set forth in Section 2.18(g) and (ii) in the case of such Lender, at a rate determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules or practices on interbank compensation.
 
(f)        Obligations Absolute. The Reimbursement Obligation of Borrowers as provided in Section 2.18(e) shall be absolute, unconditional and irrevocable, and shall be paid and performed strictly in accordance with the terms of this Agreement under any and all circumstances whatsoever and irrespective of (i) any lack of validity or enforceability of any Letter of Credit or this Agreement, or any term or provision therein; (ii) any draft or other document presented under a Letter of Credit being proved to be forged, fraudulent, invalid or insufficient in any respect or any statement therein being untrue or inaccurate in any respect; (iii) payment by any Issuing Bank under a Letter of Credit against presentation of a draft or other document that fails to comply with the terms of such Letter of Credit; (iv) any other event or circumstance whatsoever, whether or not similar to any of the foregoing (other than payment), that might, but for the provisions of this Section 2.18, constitute a legal or equitable discharge of, or provide a right of setoff against, the obligations of Borrowers hereunder; (v) the fact that a Default shall have occurred and be continuing; or (vi) any material adverse change in the business, property, results of operations, prospects or condition, financial or otherwise, of Borrowers and their Subsidiaries. None of the Agents, the Lenders, the Issuing Banks or any of their Affiliates shall have any liability or responsibility by reason of or in connection with the issuance or transfer of any Letter of Credit or any payment or failure to make any payment thereunder (irrespective of any of the circumstances referred to in the preceding sentence), or any error, omission, interruption, loss or delay in transmission or delivery of any draft, notice or other communication under or relating to any Letter of Credit (including any document required to make a drawing thereunder), any error in interpretation of technical terms or any consequence arising from causes beyond the control of any Issuing Bank; provided that the foregoing shall not be construed to excuse such Issuing Bank from liability to Borrowers to the extent of any direct damages (as opposed to consequential damages, claims in respect of which are hereby waived by Borrowers to the extent permitted by applicable Requirements of Law) suffered by Borrowers that are caused by such Issuing Bank’s failure to exercise care when determining whether drafts and other documents presented under a Letter of Credit comply with the terms thereof or actions that are the result of relevant Issuing Bank’s gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct. The parties hereto expressly agree that, in the absence of gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct on the part of any Issuing Bank (as finally determined by a court of competent jurisdiction), each Issuing Bank shall be deemed to have exercised care in each such determination. In furtherance of the foregoing and without limiting the generality thereof, the parties agree that, with respect to documents presented which appear on their face to be in substantial compliance with the terms of a Letter of Credit, each Issuing Bank may, in its sole discretion, either accept and make payment upon such documents without responsibility for further investigation, regardless of any notice or information to the contrary, or refuse to accept and make payment upon such documents if such documents are not in strict compliance with the terms of such Letter of Credit.
 
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(g)       Disbursement Procedures. The relevant Issuing Bank shall, promptly following its receipt thereof, examine all documents purporting to represent a demand for payment under a Letter of Credit. The relevant Issuing Bank shall promptly give written notice to the Administrative Agent and Administrative Borrower of such demand for payment and whether such Issuing Bank has made or will make an LC Disbursement thereunder; provided that any failure to give or delay in giving such notice shall not relieve Borrowers of their Reimbursement Obligation to such Issuing Bank and the Revolving Lenders with respect to any such LC Disbursement (other than with respect to the timing of such Reimbursement Obligation set forth in Section 2.18(e)).
 
(h)          Interim Interest. If any Issuing Bank shall make any LC Disbursement, then, unless Borrowers shall reimburse such LC Disbursement or such LC Disbursement is repaid with Revolving Loans as set forth in clause (c) above in full on the date such LC Disbursement is made, the unpaid amount thereof shall bear interest payable on demand, for each day from and including the date such LC Disbursement is made to and including the date that Borrowers are required to reimburse such LC Disbursement under Section 2.18(e)(i), at the interest rate then in effect for ABR Loans, and thereafter, at the rate per annum determined pursuant to Section 2.06(c) until (but excluding) the date that Borrowers reimburse such LC Disbursement or such LC Disbursement is repaid with Revolving Loans as set forth in clause (e) above. Interest accrued pursuant to this paragraph shall be for the account of any Issuing Bank, except that interest accrued on and after the date of payment by any Revolving Lender pursuant to Section 2.18(e) to reimburse such Issuing Bank shall be for the account of such Lender to the extent of such payment.
 
(i)          Cash Collateralization. If any Event of Default shall occur and be continuing, on the Business Day that Administrative Borrower receives notice from the Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders (or, if the maturity of the Loans has been accelerated, Revolving Lenders with LC Exposure representing greater than 50% of the total LC Exposure) demanding the deposit of cash collateral pursuant to this paragraph, Borrowers shall deposit on terms and in accounts reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, in the name of the Administrative Agent and for the benefit of the Revolving Lenders, an amount in cash equal to 103% of the LC Exposure as of such date plus any accrued and unpaid interest thereon; provided that the obligation to deposit such cash collateral shall become effective immediately, and such deposit shall become immediately due and payable, without demand or other notice of any kind, upon the occurrence of any Event of Default with respect to Borrowers described in Section 8.01(g) or (h). Funds so deposited shall be applied by the Administrative Agent to reimburse the Issuing Banks for LC Disbursements for which they have not been reimbursed and, to the extent not so applied, shall be held for the satisfaction of outstanding Reimbursement Obligations or, if the maturity of the Loans has been accelerated (but subject to the consent of Revolving Lenders with LC Exposure representing greater than 50% of the total LC Exposure), be applied to satisfy other Obligations of Borrowers under this Agreement. If Borrowers are required to provide an amount of cash collateral under this Section 2.18(i) as a result of the occurrence of an Event of Default, such amount plus any accrued interest or realized profits with respect to such amounts (to the extent not applied as aforesaid) shall be returned to Borrowers within three Business Days after all Events of Default have been cured or waived.
 
(j)          Additional Issuing Banks. Borrowers may, at any time and from time to time, designate one or more additional Revolving Lenders to act as an Issuing Bank under the terms of this Agreement, with the consent of the Administrative Agent (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld) and such Revolving Lender(s). Any Revolving Lender designated as an Issuing Bank pursuant to this paragraph (j) shall have all the rights and obligations of the Issuing Banks under the Loan Documents with respect to Letters of Credit issued or to be issued by it, and all references in the Loan Documents to the term “Issuing Bank” shall, with respect to such Letters of Credit, be deemed to refer to such Revolving Lender in its capacity as an Issuing Bank, as the context shall require. The Administrative Agent shall notify the Lenders of any such additional Issuing Banks. If at any time there is more than one Issuing Bank hereunder, Borrowers may, in their discretion, select which Issuing Bank is to issue any particular Letter of Credit.
 
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(k)          Resignation or Removal of an Issuing Bank. Any Issuing Bank may resign as Issuing Bank hereunder at any time upon at least 30 days’ prior notice to the Lenders, the Administrative Agent and Administrative Borrower. Any Issuing Bank may be replaced at any time by written agreement among the Administrative Borrower, the Administrative Agent, the replaced Issuing Bank and the successor Issuing Bank pursuant to Section 2.18(j) above. The Administrative Agent shall notify the Lenders of any such replacement of any such Issuing Bank. At the time any such resignation of such Issuing Bank shall become effective, Borrowers shall pay all unpaid fees accrued for the account of the retiring Issuing Bank pursuant to Section 2.05(c). From and after the effective date of any such resignation or replacement, (i) the successor Issuing Bank shall have all the rights and obligations of an Issuing Bank under this Agreement with respect to Letters of Credit to be issued by it thereafter and (ii) references herein to the term “Issuing Bank” shall be deemed to refer to such successor or to any previous Issuing Bank, or to such successor and all previous Issuing Banks, as the context shall require. After the resignation or replacement of an Issuing Bank, the replaced Issuing Bank shall remain a party hereto and shall continue to have all the rights and obligations of an Issuing Bank under this Agreement with respect to Letters of Credit issued by it prior to such resignation or replacement, but shall not be required to issue additional Letters of Credit.
 
(l)           Other. (i) No Issuing Bank shall be under any obligation to issue any Letter of Credit if
 
(1)          any order, judgment or decree of any Governmental Authority or arbitrator shall by its terms purport to enjoin or restrain such Issuing Bank from issuing such Letter of Credit, or any Requirement of Law applicable to such Issuing Bank or any request or directive (whether or not having the force of law) from any Governmental Authority with jurisdiction over such Issuing Bank shall prohibit, or request that such Issuing Bank refrain from, the issuance of letters of credit generally or such Letter of Credit in particular or shall impose upon such Issuing Bank with respect to such Letter of Credit any restriction, reserve or capital requirement (for which such Issuing Bank is not otherwise compensated hereunder) not in effect on the Effective Date, or shall impose upon such Issuing Bank any unreimbursed loss, cost or expense which was not applicable on the Effective Date and which such Issuing Bank in good faith deems material to it; or
 
(2)           the issuance of such Letter of Credit would violate one or more policies of such Issuing Bank.
 
No Issuing Bank shall be under any obligation to amend any Letter of Credit if (A) such Issuing Bank would have no obligation at such time to issue such Letter of Credit in its amended form under the terms hereof, or (B) the beneficiary of such Letter of Credit does not accept the proposed amendment to such Letter of Credit. For the avoidance of doubt, any Letter of Credit issued and outstanding under the Existing Revolving Credit Agreement as of the Effective Date immediately prior to giving effect to this Agreement shall automatically be deemed issued as a Letter of Credit under this Agreement from and after the Effective Date.
 
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(ii)          Each Issuing Bank hereby agrees that, if it shall at any time have possession of any original paper bills of lading covering hydrocarbon Inventory of the Borrowers or any other Collateral, such original paper bills of lading and other Collateral shall be held by such Issuing Bank as a designee and bailee of the Administrative Agent, on behalf of the Secured Parties, as security for the Secured Obligations.
 
Section 2.19         Defaulting Lenders.
 
Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the contrary, if any Lender becomes a Defaulting Lender, then the following provisions shall apply for so long as such Lender is a Defaulting Lender:
 
(a)          the Commitment Fee shall cease to accrue on the Commitment of such Lender so long as it is a Defaulting Lender (except to the extent it is payable to the Issuing Banks pursuant to clause (c)(v) below);
 
(b)          if any Swingline Exposure or LC Exposure exists at the time a Lender becomes a Defaulting Lender then:
 
(i)          all or any part of such Swingline Exposure and LC Exposure shall be reallocated among the non-Defaulting Lenders in accordance with their respective Pro Rata Percentages but only to the extent the sum of all non-Defaulting Lenders’ Revolving Exposures plus such Defaulting Lender’s Swingline Exposure and LC Exposure does not exceed the total of all non-Defaulting Lenders’ Revolving Commitments;
 
(ii)         if the reallocation described in clause (i) above cannot, or can only partially, be effected, Borrowers shall within one Business Day following notice by the Administrative Agent (x) first, prepay such Defaulting Lender’s Swingline Exposure and (y) second, cash collateralize such Defaulting Lender’s LC Exposure (after giving effect to any partial reallocation pursuant to clause (i) above) in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.18(i) for so long as such LC Exposure is outstanding;
 
(iii)        if any portion of such Defaulting Lender’s LC Exposure is cash collateralized pursuant to clause (ii) above, Borrowers shall not be required to pay the LC Participation Fee with respect to such portion of such Defaulting Lender’s LC Exposure so long as it is cash collateralized;
 
(iv)       if any portion of such Defaulting Lender’s LC Exposure is reallocated to the non-Defaulting Lenders pursuant to clause (i) above, then the LC Participation Fee with respect to such portion shall be allocated among the non-Defaulting Lenders in accordance with their Pro Rata Percentages; or
 
(v)         if any portion of such Defaulting Lender’s LC Exposure is neither cash collateralized nor reallocated pursuant to this Section 2.19(b), then, without prejudice to any rights or remedies of any Issuing Bank or any Lender hereunder, the Commitment Fee that otherwise would have been payable to such Defaulting Lender (with respect to the portion of such Defaulting Lender’s Revolving Commitment that was utilized by such LC Exposure) and the LC Participation Fee payable with respect to such Defaulting Lender’s LC Exposure shall be payable to the relevant Issuing Bank until such LC Exposure is cash collateralized and/or reallocated;
 
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(c)          so long as any Lender is a Defaulting Lender, the Swingline Lender shall not be required to fund any Swingline Loan and the Issuing Banks shall not be required to issue, amend or increase any Letter of Credit, unless it is satisfied that the related exposure will be 100% covered by the Revolving Commitments of the non-Defaulting Lenders and/or cash collateralized in accordance with Section 2.19(b), and participations in any such newly issued or increased Letter of Credit or newly made Swingline Loan shall be allocated among non-Defaulting Lenders in accordance with their respective Pro Rata Percentages (and Defaulting Lenders shall not participate therein); and
 
(d)        any amount payable to such Defaulting Lender hereunder (whether on account of principal, interest, fees or otherwise and including any amount that would otherwise be payable to such Defaulting Lender pursuant to Section 2.14(d) but excluding Section 2.16(b)) may, in lieu of being distributed to such Defaulting Lender, be retained by the Administrative Agent in a segregated non-interest bearing account and, subject to any applicable Requirements of Law, be applied at such time or times as may be determined by the Administrative Agent (i) first, to the payment of any amounts owing by such Defaulting Lender to the Administrative Agent hereunder, (ii) second, pro rata, to the payment of any amounts owing by such Defaulting Lender to the Issuing Banks or Swingline Lender hereunder, (iii) third, to the funding of any Loan or the funding or cash collateralization of any participation in any Swingline Loan or Letter of Credit in respect of which such Defaulting Lender has failed to fund its portion thereof as required by this Agreement, as determined by the Administrative Agent, (iv) fourth, if so determined by the Administrative Agent and Administrative Borrower, held in such account as cash collateral for future funding obligations of the Defaulting Lender under this Agreement, (v) fifth, pro rata, to the payment of any amounts owing to Borrowers or the Lenders as a result of any judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by Borrowers or any Lender against such Defaulting Lender as a result of such Defaulting Lender’s breach of its obligations under this Agreement and (vi) sixth, to such Defaulting Lender or as otherwise directed by a court of competent jurisdiction; provided that if such payment is (x) a prepayment of the principal amount of any Loans or Reimbursement Obligations in respect of LC Disbursements which a Defaulting Lender has funded its participation obligations and (y) made at a time when the conditions set forth in Section 4.02 are satisfied, such payment shall be applied solely to prepay the Loans of, and Reimbursement Obligations owed to, all non-Defaulting Lenders pro rata prior to being applied to the prepayment of any Loans, or Reimbursement Obligations owed to, any Defaulting Lender.
 
In the event that the Administrative Agent, Administrative Borrower, each Issuing Bank or the Swingline Lender, as the case may be, each agrees that a Defaulting Lender has adequately remedied all matters that caused such Lender to be a Defaulting Lender, then the Swingline Exposure and LC Exposure of the Lenders shall be readjusted to reflect the inclusion of such Lender’s Commitment and on such date such Lender shall purchase at par such of the Loans of the other Lenders as the Administrative Agent shall determine may be necessary in order for such Lender to hold such Loans in accordance with its Pro Rata Percentage. The rights and remedies against a Defaulting Lender under this Section 2.19 are in addition to other rights and remedies that Borrowers, the Administrative Agent, the Issuing Banks, the Swingline Lender and the non-Defaulting Lenders may have against such Defaulting Lender. Unless expressly agreed by Borrowers, the Administrative Agent and the Issuing Banks, or as expressly provided herein with respect to Bail-In Actions and related matters, no reallocation of Commitments and Loans to non-Defaulting Lenders or reinstatement of a Defaulting Lender shall constitute a waiver or release of claims against such Lender. The arrangements permitted or required by this Section 2.19 shall be permitted under this Agreement, notwithstanding any limitation on Liens or the pro rata sharing provisions or otherwise.
 
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Section 2.20         Increase in Commitments.
 
(a)          Borrower Request. Administrative Borrower may from time to time by written notice to the Administrative Agent elect (which election may be exercised by the Administrative Borrower one or more times) to request after the commencement of the Revolving Availability Period and prior to the Revolving Maturity Date, increases to the existing Revolving Commitments (“Incremental Revolving Commitments”) by an amount determined by the Administrative Borrower not in excess of an aggregate amount equal to the sum of (1) $500,000,000, plus (2) an amount equal to all voluntary prepayments that have resulted in permanent reductions of the Revolving Commitments, plus (3) solely after the use of the amount set forth in clause (1), an amount equal to Suppressed Availability determined as of the date of such notice (the “Incremental Facility Amount”). Each such notice shall specify (i) the date (each, an “Increase Effective Date”) on which Administrative Borrower proposes that the increased or new Revolving Commitments shall be effective, which shall be a date not less than 5 Business Days after the date on which such notice is delivered to the Administrative Agent and (ii) the identity of each Eligible Assignee to whom Administrative Borrower proposes any portion of such increased or new Revolving Commitments be allocated and the amounts of such allocations; provided that any existing Lender approached to provide all or a portion of the increased or new Revolving Commitments may elect or decline, in its sole discretion, to provide such increased or new Revolving Commitment.
 
(b)         Conditions. The Incremental Revolving Commitments shall become effective and the Borrowers may draw upon such Incremental Revolving Commitments, as of such Increase Effective Date; provided that:
 
(i)         Subject to Section 1.06(b), each of the conditions set forth in Sections 4.02(b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be satisfied on or prior to the Increase Effective Date;
 
(ii)        Borrowers shall make any payments required pursuant to Section 2.13 in connection with any adjustment of Revolving Loans pursuant to Section 2.20(d);
 
(iii)       Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent shall have received audits reasonably satisfactory to Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent with respect to any new Accounts or hydrocarbon Inventory being added to the Borrowing Base, if any, in connection with the Incremental Revolving Loans prior to such Accounts or hydrocarbon Inventory being included for purposes of calculating the Borrowing Base; provided, that this requirement to obtain such audits shall only be required to the extent the new Accounts and/or hydrocarbon Inventory being added to the Borrowing Base equals or exceeds 10% of the then-existing Borrowing Base;
 
(iv)        Borrowers shall deliver or cause to be delivered any legal opinions or other documents reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent in connection with any such transaction; provided, however, that any or all of the requirements of this subsection 2.20(b) (other than the requirements in clause (i) with respect to Section 4.02(d), clause (iii) (except for any waiver of payments under Section 2.13 by the Lenders providing the Incremental Revolving Commitments) or clause (iv)) may be modified and/or waived by the Borrowers, the Administrative Agent and the Lenders providing the Incremental Revolving Commitments.
 
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(c)         Terms of New Loans and Commitments. The terms and provisions, including, without limitation, interest, commitment fees and letter of credit participation fees, of Loans made pursuant to the new Revolving Commitments (“Incremental Revolving Loans”) (other than as provided below) shall be identical from and after the date of effectiveness of the relevant Increase Joinder in all respects to the Revolving Loans; provided, however, the rate of interest, commitment fees and letter of credit participation fees, original issue discount, upfront fees and closing fees shall be determined by the Borrowers and the applicable Lenders providing such new Revolving Commitments and shall be set forth in the applicable Increase Joinder (and any such new Revolving Commitments and Incremental Revolving Loans may be designated a Class of Loans and Commitments for all purposes of this Agreement); provided, further, in the event the Yield for any of the Incremental Revolving Loans is higher than the Yield on the Initial Revolving Loans by more than 75 basis points, then the Applicable Margin for such Initial Revolving Loans shall be increased to the extent necessary so that the Yield for such Initial Revolving Loans is equal to the Yield for such Incremental Revolving Loans minus 75 basis points.
 
The increased or new Commitments shall be effected by a joinder agreement (the “Increase Joinder”) executed by Borrowers, the Administrative Agent and each Lender making such increased or new Commitment, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to each of them. The Increase Joinder may, without the consent of any other Lenders, effect such amendments to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents as may be necessary or appropriate, in the opinion of the Administrative Agent, to effect the provisions of this Section 2.20. In addition, unless otherwise specifically provided herein, all references in Loan Documents to Revolving Loans shall be deemed, unless the context otherwise requires, to include references to Revolving Loans made pursuant to new Revolving Commitments as set forth in this Section 2.20.
 
(d)       Adjustment of Revolving Loans. Each Revolving Lender that is acquiring a new or additional Revolving Commitment on the Increase Effective Date shall make a Revolving Loan, the proceeds of which will be used to prepay the Revolving Loans of the other Revolving Lenders that did not acquire or agree to provide new or additional Revolving Commitments on such Increase Effective Date immediately prior to such Increase Effective Date, so that, after giving effect thereto, the Revolving Loans outstanding are held by the Revolving Lenders pro rata based on their Revolving Commitments after giving effect to such Increase Effective Date. If there is a new borrowing of Revolving Loans on such Increase Effective Date, the Revolving Lenders after giving effect to such Increase Effective Date shall make such Revolving Loans in accordance with Section 2.02.
 
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(e)        In addition to increased Revolving Commitments pursuant to Section 2.20(a), the Borrowers may by written notice to the Administrative Agent elect to request the establishment of one or more new tranches of Revolving Commitments (the “Refinancing Loan Commitments”), the proceeds of which shall be used solely to permanently replace then existing Revolving Commitments and voluntarily repay outstanding Revolving Loans thereunder (it being agreed and understood that notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, any such voluntary repayment shall be applied solely to repay the Revolving Loans being so refinanced and interest, fees, costs and expenses in connection therewith), and to pay fees, costs and expenses in connection therewith. Each such notice shall specify the date (each, a “Refinancing Amount Date”) on which the Borrowers propose that the Refinancing Loan Commitments shall be effective, which shall be a date not less than five Business Days after the date on which such notice is delivered to the Administrative Agent. Such Refinancing Loan Commitments shall become effective as of such Refinancing Amount Date; provided, that: (i) no Event of Default shall exist on such Refinancing Amount Date immediately before or immediately after giving effect to any such Refinancing Loan Commitments; (ii) any such Refinancing Loan Commitments shall be made effective pursuant to one or more joinder agreements, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, executed by the Borrowers, the Lenders providing such Refinancing Loan Commitments and the Administrative Agent (each such joinder agreement, a “Refinancing Joinder Agreement”) (for the avoidance of doubt, no Lender shall be required to deliver a Refinancing Loan Commitment), each of which Refinancing Joinder Agreements shall be recorded in the Register; (iii) the Borrowers shall pay all fees and expenses due and payable to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders in connection with any such Refinancing Loan Commitments; and (iv) the Borrowers shall deliver or cause to be delivered any and all customary and appropriate legal opinions or other documents reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent in connection with any such transaction.
 
(i)         The terms and provisions of any Refinancing Revolving Loans and Refinancing Loan Commitments shall be such that, except as otherwise set forth herein or in the applicable Refinancing Joinder Agreement, they shall be identical to those of the Revolving Loans and the Revolving Commitments as in effect on the Refinancing Amount Date with respect to such Refinancing Revolving Loans and Refinancing Loan Commitments, in each case, from and after the Refinancing Amount Date; provided, however, that: (i) the applicable maturity date of any such Refinancing Revolving Loans shall be no sooner than the relevant Revolving Maturity Date of the Revolving Loans so refinanced; (ii) the Liens securing any such Refinancing Revolving Loans and Refinancing Loan Commitments shall be secured on a pari passu basis with (or on a junior basis to) the Liens granted pursuant to the Security Documents to secure the then existing Secured Obligations; (iii) the rate of interest, original issue discount, upfront fees and similar fees payable to the Lenders providing such Refinancing Loan Commitments applicable to such Refinancing Revolving Loans shall be determined by the Borrowers and the applicable new Lenders and shall be set forth in each applicable Refinancing Joinder Agreement and (iv) any other terms and provisions may differ from those applicable to the Revolving Commitments and Revolving Loans being so refinanced as long as such terms and provisions apply solely to any period after the latest stated final maturity of the Loans in effect on the Refinancing Amount Date immediately prior to the effectiveness of such Refinancing Loan Commitments or are otherwise added for the benefit of the other Lenders hereunder.
 
(ii)       On any Refinancing Amount Date on which any Refinancing Loan Commitments are effective, subject to the satisfaction of the foregoing terms and conditions, (A) each Lender with a Refinancing Loan Commitment (each, a “Refinancing Revolving Credit Lender”) shall commit to make Revolving Loans available to the Borrowers (“Refinancing Revolving Loans”) in an amount equal to its Refinancing Loan Commitment, and (B) each Refinancing Revolving Credit Lender shall become a Lender hereunder with respect to the Refinancing Loan Commitment.
 
(iii)       Any Refinancing Revolving Loans and Refinancing Loan Commitments with the same terms made on any Refinancing Amount Date shall be designated a Class of Loans and Commitments for all purposes of this Agreement; provided that any Refinancing Revolving Loans and any Refinancing Loan Commitments may, to the extent provided in the applicable Refinancing Joinder Agreement, be designated as an increase in any previously established Class of Loans and/or Commitments if it has the same terms as such previously established Class of Loans and/or Commitments in all respects.
 
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(iv)        Each Refinancing Joinder Agreement may, without the consent of any other Lenders, effect such amendments to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents as may be necessary or appropriate, in the opinion of the Administrative Agent and the Borrower, to effect the provisions of this Section 2.20(e) and the Lenders hereby irrevocably authorize the Administrative Agent to enter into such Refinancing Joinder Agreements and amendments to the other Loan Documents with the applicable Loan Parties as may be necessary or advisable in order to effectuate the transactions contemplated by this Section 2.20(e). Each Refinancing Joinder Agreement shall be binding on the Lenders, the Loan Parties and the other parties hereto.
 
(f)         Equal and Ratable Benefit. The Loans and Commitments established pursuant to this paragraph shall constitute Loans and Commitments under, and shall be entitled to all the benefits afforded by, this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, and shall, without limiting the foregoing, benefit equally and ratably from the Guarantees and security interests created by the Security Documents. The Loan Parties shall take any actions reasonably required by the Administrative Agent to ensure and/or demonstrate that the Lien and security interests granted by the Security Documents continue to be perfected under the UCC or otherwise after giving effect to the establishment of any such Class of Loans or any such new Commitments.
 
Section 2.21         Determination of Borrowing Base.
 
(a)         Eligible Accounts. On any date of determination of the Borrowing Base, all of the Accounts owned by Borrowers and reflected in the most recent Borrowing Base Certificate delivered by the Borrowers to the Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent shall be “Eligible Accounts” for the purposes of this Agreement, except any Account to which any of the exclusionary criteria set forth below applies. In addition, the Collateral Agent shall have the right from time to time to establish, modify or eliminate Reserves and Hedging Reserves (without duplication) against Eligible Accounts. Eligible Accounts shall not include any of the following Accounts:
 
(i)          any Account in which the Administrative Agent, on behalf of the Secured Parties does not have a perfected, first priority Lien (subject to Permitted Liens);
 
(ii)          any Account that is not owned by a Borrower;
 
(iii)        [Reserved];
 
(iv)        [Reserved];
 
(v)         any Account due from an Account Debtor that is not domiciled in the United States or any political subdivision thereof or Canada or any province or territory thereof and (if not a natural Person) organized under the laws of the United States or any political subdivision thereof or Canada or any province or territory thereof unless supported by an irrevocable letter of credit (up to the face amount of such letter of credit); provided, that notwithstanding the foregoing, this clause (v) shall not exclude (a) Account Debtors specified on Part A of Annex II attached hereto so long as the relevant Account Debtor set forth on Part A of Annex II remains Investment Grade (or the relevant obligations of such Account Debtor are guaranteed on terms reasonably acceptable to the Collateral Agent from a Person that is Investment Grade) and (b) Account Debtors specified on Part B of Annex II or otherwise agreed to by the Collateral Agent which are not domiciled or organized in the United States or any political subdivision thereof or Canada or any province or territory thereof to the extent such Account Debtor’s parent entity is domiciled or organized in the United States or any political subdivision thereof or Canada or any province or territory thereof;
 
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(vi)        any Account that is payable in any currency other than in dollars or Canadian dollars; provided, that notwithstanding the foregoing, this clause (vi) shall not exclude any Account that is payable in any currency other than dollars or Canadian dollars to the extent such Account is directly or indirectly subject to a foreign currency or foreign exchange hedge protecting the Borrowers from foreign currency or exchange risk;
 
(vii)       any Account that does not arise from the sale of goods or the performance of services by the Borrowers in the ordinary course of their business;
 
(viii)     any Account that does not comply in all material respects with all applicable legal requirements, including, without limitation, all laws, rules, regulations and orders of any Governmental Authority;
 
(ix)      any Account (a) to the extent that the applicable Borrower’s right to receive payment is not absolute or is contingent upon the fulfillment of any condition whatsoever unless such condition is satisfied or (b) as to which a Borrower is not able to bring suit or otherwise enforce its remedies against the Account Debtor through judicial or administrative process or (c) that represents a progress billing consisting of an invoice for goods sold or used or services rendered pursuant to a contract under which the Account Debtor’s obligation to pay that invoice is subject to such Borrower’s completion of further performance under such contract or is subject to the equitable lien of a surety bond issuer; in each case set forth in (a), (b) or (c), to the extent such Account is subject to such condition, inability to bring suit or subject to progress billing or lien;
 
(x)         to the extent that any defense, counterclaim, setoff or dispute is asserted as to such Account, it being understood that the remaining balance of the Account shall be eligible;
 
(xi)        any Account that is not bona fide indebtedness incurred in the amount of the Account for merchandise sold to or services rendered and accepted by the applicable Account Debtor;
 
(xii)       any Account with respect to which an invoice or other electronic transmission (reasonably acceptable to the Collateral Agent in form and substance) constituting a request for payment, has not been sent on a timely basis to the applicable Account Debtor according to the normal invoicing and timing procedures of the applicable Borrower;
 
(xiii)      any Account that arises from a sale to any director, officer or Affiliate of a Loan Party;
 
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(xiv)       to the extent a Borrower is liable for goods sold or services rendered by the applicable Account Debtor to a Borrower but only to the extent of the potential offset, except to the extent any waivers of offset rights, which are in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent, are in effect in respect of such Account; provided, that notwithstanding the foregoing, this clause (xiv) shall not result in the ineligibility of any Accounts that are the obligation of any Account Debtor specified on Part C of Annex II (including ExxonMobil) or any other Investment Grade entity or Person which is identified as such on the Borrowing Base Certificate, or any of their respective Affiliates, so long as the relevant Account Debtor remains Investment Grade in an amount not to exceed, in the aggregate for all such Accounts, the greater of (A) $50,000,000 or (B) the least of (x) 20% of Accounts Availability, (y) 10% of Borrowing Availability and (z) $100,000,000;
 
(xv)        any Account that arises with respect to goods that are delivered on a bill-and-hold, cash-on-delivery basis or placed on consignment, guaranteed sale or other terms by reason of which the payment by the Account Debtor is or may be conditional;
 
(xvi)       any Account that is in default; provided that, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, an Account shall be deemed in default upon the occurrence of any of the following:
 
(A)        any Account not paid within 90 days following its original invoice date; or
 
(B)        the Account Debtor obligated upon such Account suspends business, makes a general assignment for the benefit of creditors or fails to pay its debts generally as they come due; or
 
(C)        in respect of which a petition is filed by or against any Account Debtor obligated upon such Account under any bankruptcy law or any other federal, state or foreign (including any provincial) receivership, insolvency relief or other law or laws for the relief of debtors;
 
(xvii)      any Account that is the obligation of an Account Debtor if 50% or more of the dollar amount of all Accounts owing by that Account Debtor are ineligible under the other criteria set forth in this Section 2.21(a) (other than clauses (i), (v) and (vi));
 
(xviii)     any Account as to which any of the representations or warranties in the Loan Documents in respect of Accounts are untrue;
 
(xix)       to the extent such Account is evidenced by a judgment, Instrument or Chattel Paper;
 
(xx)       to the extent such Account exceeds any credit limit established by the Collateral Agent, in its reasonable credit judgment exercised in good faith; or
 
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(xxi)      any Account on which the Account Debtor is a Governmental Authority, unless (a) if the Account Debtor is the United States of America, any State or political subdivision thereof or any department, agency or instrumentality of the United States of America or any State or political subdivision thereof, the applicable Borrower has assigned its rights to payment of such Account to the Administrative Agent pursuant to the Assignment of Claims Act of 1940, as amended, in the case of any such federal Governmental Authority, and pursuant to any requirements of applicable law, if any, in the case of any such other Governmental Authority, and (b) if the Account Debtor is any other Governmental Authority, the applicable Borrower has, if required by any applicable law, assigned its rights to payment of such Account to the Administrative Agent pursuant to applicable law, if any, and, in each such case where such acceptance and acknowledgment is required by applicable law, such assignment has been accepted and acknowledged by the appropriate government officers to the extent so required.
 
(b)       Eligible Hydrocarbon Inventory. On any date of determination of the Borrowing Base, all of the hydrocarbon Inventory owned by the Borrowers and reflected in the most recent Borrowing Base Certificate delivered by Administrative Borrower to the Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent shall be “Eligible Hydrocarbon Inventory” for the purposes of this Agreement, except any hydrocarbon Inventory to which any of the exclusionary criteria set forth below applies. In addition, the Collateral Agent shall have the right from time to time to establish, modify or eliminate Reserves and Hedging Reserves (without duplication) against hydrocarbon Inventory. Eligible Hydrocarbon Inventory shall not include any hydrocarbon Inventory that:
 
(i)         the Administrative Agent, on behalf of Secured Parties, does not have a perfected, first priority Lien upon (subject to Permitted Liens);
 
(ii)          any Inventory that is not owned by a Borrower;
 
(iii)        (a) is stored at a leased location where the aggregate value of hydrocarbon Inventory exceeds $15,000,000 (unless the Administrative Agent shall have given its prior consent to a higher amount and unless either (x) a reasonably satisfactory Landlord Access Agreement has been delivered to the Collateral Agent, or (y) Reserves reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent (not to exceed three (3) months of periodic rent) have been established with respect thereto), or (b) is stored with a bailee or warehouseman where the aggregate value of hydrocarbon Inventory exceeds $15,000,000 unless either (x) a reasonably satisfactory, acknowledged bailee waiver letter has been received by the Collateral Agent or (y) Reserves reasonably satisfactory to the Collateral Agent (not to exceed three (3) months of periodic rent) have been established with respect thereto, or (c) is stored at a location where the aggregate value of hydrocarbon Inventory is less than $500,000;
 
(iv)         is placed on consignment, unless a valid consignment agreement which is reasonably satisfactory to Administrative Agent is in place with respect to such hydrocarbon Inventory;
 
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(v)         is (a) not located in the United States or Canada or (b) in transit outside the United States or Canada on the high seas; provided, that any such hydrocarbon Inventory in transit on the high seas outside the United States or Canada shall constitute Eligible Hydrocarbon Inventory in an amount on any date of determination not to exceed 50.0% of the total amount of the Borrowing Base as of such time only if such hydrocarbon Inventory is not within a High Risk Area (as determined on the date of the relevant Borrowing Base Certificate delivered pursuant to Section 5.15(a)) and so long as (I) such hydrocarbon Inventory does not constitute an Account (except to the extent the Administrative Agent holds a perfected Lien on such Account at such time), (II) if purchased with a letter of credit, such letter of credit shall be issued by an Issuing Bank hereunder, (III) such hydrocarbon Inventory is covered by insurance in form and substance reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, provided, it being understood and agreed that the insurance described on Annex III shall be acceptable to the Administrative Agent and (IV) all applicable documents of title (including electronic copies thereof) relating to such hydrocarbon Inventory shall have been delivered to the Administrative Agent (or a designee (including, if so designated by the Administrative Agent, a Borrower or other Loan Party) of the Administrative Agent) within five (5) Business Days (or two (2) Business Days in the case of electronic copies) of receipt by the Borrowers thereof; provided, further, that, at any time when Excess Availability is less than or equal to, for a period of three (3) consecutive Business Days,  20% of the Line Cap (the “Title Document Threshold”), and continuing until Excess Availability is greater than the Title Document Threshold for sixty (60) consecutive days (or such shorter period as the Administrative Agent may agree to), the Borrowers shall (x) ensure that all such hydrocarbon Inventory is covered by bills of lading in the original paper form which are delivered to Borrowers and that upon receipt of each such paper original bill of lading, the Borrowers shall have promptly delivered it to the Administrative Agent or its designee and (y) provide the Administrative Agent’s employees or designees such direct access to the Borrowers’ bills of lading systems and related information and procedures as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require;
 
(vi)        is covered by a negotiable document of title, unless such document has been delivered to the Administrative Agent with all necessary endorsements, free and clear of all Liens except those in favor of the Administrative Agent and landlords, carriers, bailees and warehousemen if clause (iii) above has been complied with;
 
(vii)        is to be returned to suppliers;
 
(viii)       is unsalable, damaged or unfit for sale;
 
(ix)         consists of display items or packing or shipping materials or manufacturing supplies;
 
(x)          is not of a type held for sale in the ordinary course of a Borrower’s business;
 
(xi)          breaches any of the representations or warranties pertaining to hydrocarbon Inventory set forth in the Loan Documents;
 
(xii)       is subject to any licensing arrangement the effect of which would prohibit or materially restrict Administrative Agent, or any Person selling the hydrocarbon Inventory on behalf of Administrative Agent from selling such hydrocarbon Inventory in enforcement of the Administrative Agent’s Liens, without further consent or payment (other than ordinary course royalty payments or other similar payments) to the licensor or other Person, unless such consent has been obtained; or
 
(xiii)      is not covered by casualty insurance maintained as required by Section 5.04.
 
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For the avoidance of doubt, “Eligible Hydrocarbon Inventory” (A) shall not include Intermediate Products that are not owned by a Loan Party or that are subject to any Lien or ownership interest of a Person that is not a Loan Party (other than Liens permitted under Section 6.02(a) or (l)); (B) shall include all other Intermediate Products; and (C) shall not include Certain Hydrocarbon Assets.
 
Section 2.22          Accounts; Cash Management.
 
Borrowers and each Subsidiary Guarantor shall, prior to the commencement of the Revolving Availability Period, maintain a cash management system (the “Cash Management System”), which shall operate as follows:
 
(a)         All proceeds of Collateral held by Borrowers or any other Loan Party (other than funds being collected pursuant to the provisions stated below) shall be deposited in one or more bank accounts, as set forth on Schedule 2.22 or other accounts in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Administrative Agent subject to the terms of the Security Agreement and applicable Control Agreements.
 
(b)          Borrowers shall establish and maintain, at their sole expense, and shall cause each Subsidiary Guarantor to establish and maintain, at its sole expense accounts subject to Control Agreements, which, on and after the commencement of the Revolving Availability Period, shall consist of accounts maintained by the financial institutions as described on Schedule 2.22 hereto (in each case, except for Excluded Accounts, the “Blocked Accounts”), or with such other banks as are acceptable to the Administrative Agent into which Borrowers and Subsidiary Guarantors shall promptly deposit and direct their respective Account Debtors to directly remit all payments on Accounts and all payments constituting proceeds of hydrocarbon Inventory or other Revolving Credit Priority Collateral in the identical form in which such payments are made, whether by cash, check or other manner and shall be identified and segregated from all other funds of the Loan Parties. On or prior to the commencement of the Revolving Availability Period (or such later time as permitted hereunder), Borrowers and Subsidiary Guarantors shall deliver, or cause to be delivered, to the Administrative Agent a Control Agreement duly authorized, executed and delivered by each bank where a Blocked Account for the benefit of Borrowers or any Subsidiary Guarantor is maintained; provided, however, notwithstanding anything set forth herein or in any other Loan Document to the contrary, the Borrowers and Subsidiary Guarantors, as applicable, shall deliver, or cause to be delivered, to the Administrative Agent a Control Agreement duly authorized, executed and delivered by each applicable bank where the accounts identified on Schedule 2.22 as not being subject to a Control Agreement are maintained within sixty (60) days of the Effective Date (or such later date as the Administrative Agent may agree to in its sole discretion). Borrowers shall further execute and deliver, and shall cause each Subsidiary Guarantor to execute and deliver, such agreements and documents as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require in connection with such Blocked Accounts and such Control Agreements. Borrowers and Subsidiary Guarantors shall not establish any deposit accounts after the commencement of the Revolving Availability Period into which proceeds of Revolving Credit Priority Collateral are deposited, unless the applicable Borrower or Subsidiary Guarantor has complied in full with the provisions of this Section 2.22(b) with respect to such deposit accounts. Each Borrower agrees that from and after the delivery of an Activation Notice all payments made to such Blocked Accounts or other funds received and collected by the Administrative Agent or any Lender, whether in respect of the Accounts or as proceeds of hydrocarbon Inventory shall be treated as payments to the Administrative Agent and Lenders in respect of the Obligations and therefore, after giving effect to such payments shall constitute the property of Administrative Agent and Lenders to the extent of the then outstanding applicable Obligations.
 
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(c)         The applicable bank at which any Blocked Accounts are maintained shall agree from and after the receipt of a notice (an “Activation Notice”) from Administrative Agent (which Activation Notice may, or upon instruction of the Required Lenders, as applicable, shall, be given by Administrative Agent at any time and after the occurrence of a Trigger Event which is continuing at the time of such notice) pursuant to the applicable Control Agreement, to forward, daily, all amounts in each Blocked Account to the account designated as collection account (the “Collection Account”) which shall be under the exclusive dominion and control of Administrative Agent.
 
(d)         From and after the delivery of an Activation Notice, Administrative Agent shall apply all such funds in the Collection Account on a daily basis to the repayment of the Obligations in accordance with Section 8.02. Notwithstanding the foregoing sentence, after payment in full has been made of the amounts required under Subsections 8.02(a) through (d), upon Borrowers’ request and as long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing and all other conditions precedent to a Borrowing have been satisfied, any additional funds deposited in the Collection Account shall be released to Borrowers.
 
(e)         Subject to the Intercreditor Agreements, Borrowers shall promptly deposit or cause the same to be deposited, any monies, checks, notes, drafts or any other payment relating to and/or proceeds of Accounts or hydrocarbon Inventory, or other Revolving Credit Priority Collateral which come into their possession or under their control in the applicable Blocked Accounts, or remit the same or cause the same to be remitted, in kind, to the Administrative Agent. Borrowers agree to reimburse Administrative Agent on demand for any amounts owed or paid to any bank at which a Blocked Account is established or any other bank or person involved in the transfer of funds to or from the Blocked Accounts arising out of Administrative Agent’s payments to or indemnification of such bank or person.
 
(f)         Borrowers shall deposit, or shall cause to be deposited, all cash received or collected for Designated Accounts Receivable purchased by a Receivables Purchaser into the Receivables Collection Account.
 
(g)         Subject to the Receivables Intercreditor Agreement, at all times prior to the delivery of an Activation Notice and the exercise of cash dominion with respect to the Receivables Collection Account, Holdings shall be permitted to withdraw from the Receivables Collection Account identifiable Purchased Receivables Collections in respect of Purchased Receivables on deposit therein and such withdrawn amounts shall be deposited into a separate bank account of Holdings over which Receivables Agent shall have a first priority lien and security interest.
 
(h)         Subject to the Receivables Intercreditor Agreement, following the delivery of an Activation Notice and during the exercise of cash dominion with respect to the Receivables Collection Account, the Collateral Agent shall promptly turn over to the Receivables Agent any Purchased Receivables Collections in respect of Purchased Receivables contained in the Receivables Collection Account which have not been previously been delivered to the Receivables Agent.
 
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(i)          During any time period, if any, that (i) the aggregate amount of Borrowing Base Cash is less than or equal to $100,000,000 (a “Cash Trigger”) or (ii) the Receivables Purchase End Period shall have occurred and be continuing, the Collateral Agent may establish from time to time additional Reserves with respect to potential excise tax exposures relating to Purchased Receivables (“PR Excise Tax Exposures”) as determined by the Collateral Agent (x) upon the occurrence and during the continuance of a Cash Trigger, in an amount equal to the lesser of (I) the full amount of the PR Excise Tax Exposures and (II) the difference between $100,000,000 minus the then aggregate amount of Borrowing Base Cash and (y) upon the occurrence and during the continuance of the Receivables Purchase End Period, in an amount equal the full amount of the PR Excise Tax Exposures.
 
ARTICLE III

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
 
Each Loan Party represents and warrants to the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Issuing Banks and each of the Lenders (with references to the Companies being references thereto after giving effect to the Transactions unless otherwise expressly stated) that:
 
Section 3.01         Organization; Powers.
 
Each Company (other than any Immaterial Subsidiary) (a) is duly organized and validly existing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization, (b) has all requisite power and authority to carry on its business as now conducted and to own and lease its property and (c) is qualified and in good standing (to the extent such concept is applicable in the applicable jurisdiction) to do business in every jurisdiction where such qualification is required, except in such jurisdictions where the failure to so qualify or be in good standing, individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. There is no existing material default under any Organizational Document of any Company or any event which, with the giving of notice or passage of time or both, would constitute a material default by any Company thereunder.
 
Section 3.02         Authorization; Enforceability.
 
The Transactions to be entered into by each Loan Party are within such Loan Party’s powers and have been duly authorized by all necessary limited liability company action on the part of such Loan Party. This Agreement has been duly executed and delivered by each Loan Party and constitutes, and each other Loan Document to which any Loan Party is to be a party, when executed and delivered by such Loan Party, will constitute, a legal, valid and binding obligation of such Loan Party, enforceable in accordance with its terms, subject to applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and subject to general principles of equity, regardless of whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law.
 
Section 3.03         No Conflicts.
 
Except as set forth on Schedule 3.03, the Transactions (a) do not require any consent or approval of, registration or filing with, or any other action by, any Governmental Authority, except (i) such as have been obtained or made and are in full force and effect, (ii) filings necessary to perfect or maintain Liens created by the Loan Documents and (iii) consents, approvals, registrations, filings, permits or actions the failure to obtain or perform which could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (b) will not violate the Organizational Documents of any Company, (c) will not violate any Requirement of Law, except for any such violation which could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (d) will not violate or result in a default or require any consent or approval under any indenture, agreement or other instrument binding upon any Company or its property, or give rise to a right thereunder to require any payment to be made by any Company, except for violations, defaults or the creation of such rights that could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, and (e) will not result in the creation or imposition of any Lien on any property of any Company, except Liens created by the Loan Documents and Permitted Liens.
 
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Section 3.04         Financial Statements; Projections.
 
(a)        Financial Statements. The financial statements delivered pursuant to Sections 5.01(a), (b) and (c) have been prepared in accordance with GAAP consistently applied and present fairly and accurately in all material respects the financial condition and results of operations and cash flows of Holdings and its Subsidiaries as of the dates and for the periods to which they relate, except for, in the case of the statements delivered pursuant to Sections 5.01(b) and (c), the absence of footnote disclosures and normal year-end adjustments.
 
(b)         No Material Adverse Effect. Since December 31, 2022, there has been no event, change, circumstance or occurrence that, individually or in the aggregate, has had or could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
 
(c)          Forecasts. The forecasts of financial performance of Holdings and its Subsidiaries furnished to Agents and the Lenders have been prepared in good faith by Borrowers and based on assumptions believed by Borrowers to reasonable at the time of preparation of such forecasts, it being understood that actual results may differ from such forecasts and such differences may be material.
 
Section 3.05         Properties.
 
(a)         Generally. Each Company has good title to, a license to or valid leasehold interests in, all its property material to its business constituting Collateral, free and clear of all Liens except for, in the case of Collateral, Permitted Liens and, in the case of all other material property, Permitted Liens and minor irregularities or deficiencies in title that, individually or in the aggregate, do not interfere with its ability to conduct its business as currently conducted or to utilize such property for its intended purpose and except where the failure to have such title or other interest is not reasonably expected to have individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect. The property of the Companies, taken as a whole, (i) is in good operating order, condition and repair (ordinary wear and tear excepted) and (ii) constitutes all the property which is required for the business and operations of the Companies as presently conducted.
 
(b)          [Reserved].
 
(c)          No Casualty Event. No Company has received any written notice of, nor has any knowledge of, the occurrence or pendency or contemplation of any Casualty Event affecting all or any portion of its property, which Casualty Event could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
 
(d)          Collateral. Each Loan Party owns or has rights to use all of the Collateral and all rights with respect to any of the foregoing used in, necessary for or material to each Company’s business as currently conducted. The use by each Loan Party of such Collateral and all such rights with respect to the foregoing do not infringe on the rights of any person other than such infringement which could not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. No claim has been made and remains outstanding that any Loan Party’s use of any Collateral does or may violate the rights of any third party that could, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
 
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Section 3.06         [Reserved]
 
Section 3.07         Equity Interests.
 
Schedule 1(a) to the Perfection Certificates set forth a list of all the Subsidiaries of Holdings and their jurisdictions of organization as of the Effective Date.
 
Section 3.08         Litigation; Compliance with Laws.
 
Except as set forth on Schedule 3.08, there are no actions, suits or proceedings at law or in equity by or before any Governmental Authority now pending or, to the knowledge of any Company, threatened in writing against or affecting any Company or any business, property or rights of any Company (i) that involve any Loan Document or any of the Transactions or (ii) as to which there is a reasonable possibility of an adverse determination and that, if adversely determined, could reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect. Except for matters covered by Section 3.18, no Company or any of its property is in violation of, nor will the continued operation of its property as currently conducted violate, any Requirements of Law (including any zoning or building ordinance, code or approval or any building permits) or any restrictions of record or agreements affecting any Company’s Real Property or is in default with respect to any Requirement of Law, where such violation or default, individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
 
Section 3.09         [Reserved].
 
Section 3.10         Federal Reserve Regulations.
 
No Company is engaged principally, or as one of its important activities, in the business of extending credit for the purpose of buying or carrying Margin Stock. No part of the proceeds of any Loan or any Letter of Credit will be used, whether directly or indirectly, and whether immediately, incidentally or ultimately, for any purpose that violates the provisions of Regulation T, U or X.
 
Section 3.11         Investment Company Act.
 
No Company is an “investment company” or a company “controlled” by an “investment company,” as defined in and subject to registration under, or is subject to regulation under, the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.
 
Section 3.12         Use of Proceeds.
 
Borrowers will use the proceeds of the Revolving Loans and Swingline Loans made during the Revolving Availability Period, on the Effective Date and thereafter, for working capital and general corporate purposes (including providing credit support (i.e. supporting letters of credit or cash collateral) in respect of Commodity Hedging Agreements and payments to counterparties thereunder, entered into consistent with prudent industry practice); provided, that, no proceeds shall be used in a manner that violates Anti-Bribery Laws or Anti-Terrorism Laws.
 
Section 3.13         Taxes.
 
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Each Company has (a) timely filed or caused to be timely filed all federal Tax Returns and all state, local and foreign Tax Returns required to have been filed by it and all such Tax Returns are true and correct, (b) duly and timely paid, collected or remitted or caused to be duly and timely paid, collected or remitted all Taxes (whether or not shown on any Tax Return) due and payable, collectible or remittable by it and all assessments received by it, except Taxes (i) that are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which such Company has set aside on its books adequate reserves in accordance with GAAP or (ii) which in each case in (a) or (b) could not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect and (c) satisfied all of its withholding tax obligations except for failures that could not be reasonably expected to, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect. Each Company has made adequate provision in accordance with GAAP for all material Taxes not yet due and payable. Each Company is unaware of any proposed or pending tax assessments, deficiencies or audits that could be reasonably expected to, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect. Except as could not be reasonably expected to, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect, no Company has ever “participated” in a “listed transaction” within the meaning of Treasury Regulation Section 1.6011-4.
 
Section 3.14         No Material Misstatements.
 
No written information, report, financial statement, certificate, Borrowing Request, LC Request, exhibit or schedule furnished by or on behalf of any Company to the Administrative Agent or any Lender in connection with the negotiation of any Loan Document or included therein or delivered pursuant thereto, (in each case, as modified, updated or supplemented by other information so furnished), taken as a whole, contained or contains any material misstatement of fact or omitted or omits to state any material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were or are made, not misleading in any material respect as of the date such information is dated or certified; provided that to the extent any such written information, report, financial statement, exhibit or schedule was based upon or constitutes a forecast or projection (including pro forma financial information), each Company represents only that it acted in good faith and utilized assumptions believed to be reasonable at the time of such preparation and due care in the preparation of such information, report, financial statement, exhibit or schedule, it being understood that such projections or forecasts may vary from actual results and that such variances may be material.
 
Section 3.15         Labor Matters.
 
As of the Effective Date, there are no strikes, lockouts or slowdowns against any Company pending or, to the knowledge of any Company, threatened in writing. The hours worked by and payments made to employees of any Company have not been in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended, or any other applicable federal, state, local or foreign law dealing with such matters, in each case in any manner which could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. All payments due from any Company, or for which any claim may be made against any Company, on account of wages and employee health and welfare insurance and other benefits, have been paid or accrued as a liability on the books of such Company except in each case where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. The consummation of the Transactions will not give rise to any right of termination or right of renegotiation on the part of any union under any collective bargaining agreement to which any Company is bound.
 
Section 3.16         Solvency.
 
Immediately after the consummation of the Transactions to occur on the Effective Date and immediately following the making of each Loan and after giving effect to the application of the proceeds of each Loan, (a) the sum of the present fair saleable value of the assets of the Loan Parties on a consolidated basis, on a going concern basis, is greater than the total amount of liabilities (including contingent and unliquidated liabilities) of the Loan Parties on a consolidated basis as they become absolute and matured, the amount of contingent or unliquidated liabilities having been computed at an amount that, in light of all of the facts and circumstances existing at the Effective Date, represents the amount that can reasonably be expected to become an actual or matured liability; (b) the Loan Parties do not, on a consolidated basis, have unreasonably small capital in relation to their business; and (c) the Loan Parties, on a consolidated basis, have not incurred, do not intend to incur, and do not believe they will incur, debts beyond their ability to pay such debts as such debts mature in the ordinary course of business.
 
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Section 3.17         Employee Benefit Plans.
 
(a)          Except as could not reasonably be expected to result, individually or in the aggregate, in a Material Adverse Effect, (i) each Company and its ERISA Affiliates is in compliance with the applicable provisions of ERISA and the Code and the regulations and published interpretations thereunder; (ii) no ERISA Event has occurred or is reasonably expected to occur that, when taken together with all other such ERISA Events, could reasonably be expected to result in any liability of any Company or the imposition of a Lien on any of the property of any Company; (iii) the present value of all accumulated benefit obligations (based on the assumptions used for purposes of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 87) of each Plan did not, as of the date of the most recent financial statements reflecting such amounts, exceed the fair market value of the property of such Plan; (iv) and using actuarial assumptions and computation methods consistent with subpart I of subtitle E of Title IV of ERISA, no Company would have liability to any Multiemployer Plan in the event of a complete withdrawal therefrom, as of the close of the most recent fiscal year of such Multiemployer Plan.
 
(b)        Except as could not reasonably be expected to result, individually or in the aggregate, in a Material Adverse Effect, and to the extent applicable, (i) each Foreign Plan has been maintained in substantial compliance with its terms and with the requirements of any and all applicable Requirements of Law and has been maintained, where required, in good standing with applicable regulatory authorities; (ii) no Company has incurred any material obligation in connection with the termination of or withdrawal from any Foreign Plan; (iii) the present value of the accrued benefit liabilities (whether or not vested) under each Foreign Plan which is funded, determined as of the end of the most recently ended fiscal year of the respective Company on the basis of actuarial assumptions, each of which is reasonable, did not exceed the current value of the property of such Foreign Plan; and (iv) for each Foreign Plan which is not funded, the obligations of such Foreign Plan are properly accrued.
 
Section 3.18         Environmental Matters.
 
(a)          Except as set forth in Schedule 3.18 or except in the event of (i) through (v) below, inclusive, as, individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect:
 
(i)          The Companies and their businesses, operations and Real Property are in compliance with, and the Companies have no liability under, any applicable Environmental Law;
 
(ii)       The Companies have obtained all Environmental Permits required for the conduct of their businesses and operations, and the ownership, operation and use of their property, under Environmental Law, all such Environmental Permits are valid and in good standing;
 
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(iii)        There has been no Release or threatened Release of Hazardous Material on, at, under or from any Real Property or facility presently or, to the knowledge of the Companies, formerly owned, leased or operated by the Companies or their predecessors in interest that could result in liability by the Companies under any applicable Environmental Law;
 
(iv)       There is no Environmental Claim pending or, to the knowledge of the Companies, threatened against the Companies, or, to the knowledge of the Companies, relating to the Real Property currently or formerly owned, leased or operated by the Companies or their predecessors in interest or relating to the operations of the Companies; and
 
(v)        No Person with an indemnity or contribution obligation to the Companies relating to compliance with or liability under Environmental Law is in default with respect to such obligation.
 
(b)         Except as set forth in Schedule 3.18 or except, in the case of (i) through (v) below, inclusive, as individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect:
 
(i)         No Company is obligated to perform any action or otherwise incur any expense under Environmental Law pursuant to any order, decree, judgment or agreement by which it is bound or has assumed by contract, agreement or operation of law, and no Company is conducting or financing any Response pursuant to any Environmental Law with respect to any Real Property or any other location;
 
(ii)          No Real Property or facility owned, operated or leased by the Companies and, to the knowledge of the Companies, no Real Property or facility formerly owned, operated or leased by the Companies or any of their predecessors in interest is (i) listed or proposed for listing on the National Priorities List promulgated pursuant to CERCLA or (ii) listed on the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Information System promulgated pursuant to CERCLA or (iii) included on any similar list maintained by any Governmental Authority including any such list relating to petroleum;
 
(iii)         No Lien has been recorded or, to the knowledge of any Company, threatened under any Environmental Law with respect to any Real Property or other assets of the Companies;
 
(iv)         The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby will not require any notification, registration, filing, reporting, disclosure, investigation, remediation or cleanup pursuant to any Governmental Real Property Disclosure Requirements or any other applicable Environmental Law; and
 
(v)         The Companies have made available to the Lenders all material records and files in the possession, custody or control of, or otherwise reasonably available to, the Companies concerning compliance by the Companies with or liability of the Companies under Environmental Law, including those concerning the actual or suspected existence of Hazardous Material at Real Property or facilities currently or formerly owned, operated, leased or used by the Companies.
 
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Section 3.19         Insurance.
 
Schedule 3.19 sets forth a true, complete and correct description of all insurance maintained by each Company as of the Effective Date. All insurance maintained by the Companies is in full force and effect, all premiums have been duly paid, and no Company has received notice of any material violation or cancellation thereof. Each Company has insurance in such amounts and covering such risks and liabilities as are customary for companies of a similar size engaged in similar businesses in similar locations.
 
Section 3.20         Security Documents.
 
(a)          Security Agreement. The Security Agreement is effective to create in favor of the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties, legal, valid and enforceable (except as enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and subject to general principles of equity, regardless of whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law) Liens on, and security interests in, the Security Agreement Collateral to the extent that a legal, valid and enforceable Lien in such Security Agreement Collateral may be created under any applicable law of the United States or any state thereof, including, without limitation, the applicable UCC and, except as set forth in clauses (b) and (c) of this Section 3.20(a), when (i) financing statements and other filings in appropriate form are filed in the offices specified on Schedule 4 to the Perfection Certificates with payment of any associated filing fee and (ii) upon the taking of possession or control by the Administrative Agent of the Security Agreement Collateral with respect to which a security interest may be perfected only by possession or control (which possession or control shall be given to the Administrative Agent to the extent possession or control by the Administrative Agent is required by each Security Agreement), the Liens created by the Security Agreement shall constitute fully perfected Liens on, and security interests in, all right, title and interest of the grantors in the Security Agreement Collateral (other than such Security Agreement Collateral in which a security interest cannot be perfected under the UCC as in effect at the relevant time in the relevant jurisdiction), in each case subject to no Liens other than Permitted Liens.
 
(b)          Valid Liens. Each Security Document delivered pursuant to Sections 5.10 and 5.11 will, upon execution and delivery thereof, be effective to create in favor of the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, legal, valid and enforceable (except as enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and subject to general principles of equity, regardless of whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law) Liens on, and security interests in, all of the Loan Parties’ right, title and interest in and to the Collateral thereunder, to the extent that a legal, valid and enforceable Lien in such Collateral may be created under any applicable law of the United States or any state thereof, including, without limitation, the applicable UCC, and (i) when all appropriate filings or recordings are made in the appropriate offices as may be required under applicable law and (ii) upon the taking of possession or control by the Administrative Agent of such Collateral with respect to which a security interest may be perfected only by possession or control (which possession or control shall be given to the Administrative Agent to the extent required by any Security Document), such Security Document will constitute fully perfected Liens on, and security interests in, all right, title and interest of the Loan Parties in such Collateral (other than such Collateral in which a security interest cannot be perfected under the UCC as in effect at the relevant time in the relevant jurisdiction), in each case subject to no Liens other than the applicable Permitted Liens.
 
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Section 3.21         Anti-Terrorism Laws.
 
(a)          No Loan Party, none of its Subsidiaries and, to the knowledge of each Loan Party, none of its controlled Affiliates and none of the respective officers, directors, brokers or agents of such Loan Party, such Subsidiary or controlled Affiliate (i) has violated or is in violation of Anti-Terrorism Laws or Anti-Bribery Laws or (ii) has engaged or engages in any transaction, investment, undertaking or activity that conceals the identity, source or destination of the proceeds from any category of offenses designated in the “Forty Recommendations” and “Nine Special Recommendations” published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering.
 
(b)          No Loan Party, none of its Subsidiaries and, to the knowledge of each Loan Party, none of its controlled Affiliates and none of the respective officers, directors, brokers or agents of such Loan Party, such Subsidiary or such Affiliate is acting or benefiting in any capacity in connection with the Loans is an Embargoed Person.
 
(c)          No Loan Party, none of its Subsidiaries and, to the knowledge of each Loan Party, none of its controlled Affiliates and none of the respective officers, directors, brokers or agents of such Loan Party, such Subsidiary or such Affiliate acting or benefiting in any capacity in connection with the Loans (i) conducts any business or engages in making or receiving any contribution of funds, goods or services to or for the benefit of any Embargoed Person, (ii) deals in, or otherwise engages in any transaction related to, any property or interests in property blocked pursuant to any Anti-Terrorism Law or (iii) engages in or conspires to engage in any transaction that evades or avoids, or has the purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to violate, any of the prohibitions set forth in any Anti-Terrorism Law or Anti-Bribery Law.
 
For purposes of determining whether or not a representation is true under this Section 3.21, no Loan Party shall be required to make any investigation into the identity of any owner or controlling Persons of any party, including, without limitation, any investigation into (i) ownership of publicly traded stock or other publicly traded securities or (ii) the beneficial ownership of any collective investment funds.
 
Section 3.22         Location of Material Inventory.
 
Schedule 3.22 sets forth, as of the Effective Date, all locations in the United States and Canada where the aggregate value of hydrocarbon Inventory owned by the Borrowers exceeds $15,000,000.
 
Section 3.23           Accuracy of Borrowing Base.
 
At the time any Borrowing Base Certificate is delivered pursuant to this Agreement, the Accounts and the items of hydrocarbon Inventory (with respect to hydrocarbon Inventory, taken as a whole) included in the calculation of the Borrowing Base satisfy in all material respects the criteria for Eligible Accounts and Eligible Hydrocarbon Inventory.
 
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ARTICLE IV

CONDITIONS TO CREDIT EXTENSIONS
 
Section 4.01         Conditions to Effectiveness and Initial Credit Extension.
 
The effectiveness of this Agreement shall be subject to the prior or concurrent satisfaction of each of the conditions precedent set forth in this Section 4.01:
 
(a)        Loan Documents. All legal matters incident to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall be satisfactory to the Lenders, to the Issuing Banks and to the Administrative Agent and there shall have been delivered to the Administrative Agent with respect to each applicable Loan Party an executed counterpart of (i) this Agreement, (ii) a Borrowing Base Certificate as of July 31, 2023 and (iii) a Perfection Certificate.
 
(b)          Corporate Documents. The Administrative Agent shall have received:
 
(i)          a certificate of the secretary or assistant secretary of each Loan Party dated the Effective Date, certifying (A) that attached thereto is a true and complete copy of each Organizational Document of such Loan Party certified (to the extent applicable) as of a recent date by the Secretary of State of the state of its organization, (B) that attached thereto is a true and complete copy of resolutions duly adopted by the Board of Directors of such Loan Party authorizing the execution, delivery and performance of the Loan Documents to which such person is a party and the borrowings hereunder, and that such resolutions have not been modified, rescinded or amended and are in full force and effect and (C) as to the incumbency and specimen signature of each officer executing any Loan Document or any other document delivered in connection herewith on behalf of such Loan Party (together with a certificate of another officer as to the incumbency and specimen signature of the secretary or assistant secretary executing the certificate in this clause (i)); and
 
(ii)         a certificate as to the good standing of each Loan Party (in so-called “long-form” if available) as of a recent date, from such Secretary of State (or other applicable Governmental Authority); and
 
(c)         Opinion of Counsel. The Administrative Agent shall have received, on behalf of itself, the other Agents, the Joint Lead Arrangers, the Lenders and the Issuing Banks, a favorable written opinion of Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP, special counsel for the Loan Parties (i) dated the Effective Date, (ii) addressed to the Agents, the Issuing Banks and the Lenders and (iii) covering customary matters for credit facilities of this type and such other matters relating to the Loan Documents as the Administrative Agent shall reasonably request.
 
(d)          Solvency Certificate. The Administrative Agent shall have received a solvency certificate in the form of Exhibit O, dated the Effective Date and signed by the chief financial officer or chief executive officer of Borrowers.
 
(e)          Fees. The Administrative Agent shall have received all Fees and other amounts due and payable on or prior to the Effective Date, including, to the extent invoiced, reimbursement or payment of all reasonable out-of-pocket expenses (including the reasonable and documented out-of-pocket legal fees and expenses of Winston & Strawn LLP, special counsel to the Administrative Agent, and the reasonable and documented out-of-pocket fees and expenses of any appraisers, consultants and other advisors) required to be reimbursed or paid by Borrowers hereunder or under any other Loan Document.
 
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(f)          Officers’ Certificate. The Administrative Agent shall have received a certificate, dated the Effective Date and signed by the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer of Administrative Borrower, confirming compliance with the conditions precedent set forth in this Section 4.01 and Sections 4.02(b), (c), (d) and (e).
 
(g)          Lien Perfection. The Administrative Agent shall have received acknowledgments of all filings or recordations necessary to perfect its Liens in the Collateral, as well as UCC and Lien searches and other evidence satisfactory to the Administrative Agent that such Liens are the only Liens upon the Collateral, except Permitted Liens.
 
Section 4.02         Conditions to All Credit Extensions.
 
The obligation of each Lender and each Issuing Bank to make any Credit Extension (including the initial Credit Extension, but excluding, in any event any Revolving Loan made pursuant to Section 2.18(e) and except as otherwise set forth in Section 1.06(b)) shall be subject to, and to the satisfaction of, each of the conditions precedent set forth below.
 
(a)        Notice. The Administrative Agent shall have received a Borrowing Request as required by Section 2.03 (or such notice shall have been deemed given in accordance with Section 2.03) if Loans are being requested or, in the case of the issuance, amendment, extension or renewal of a Letter of Credit, the relevant Issuing Bank and the Administrative Agent shall have received an LC Request as required by Section 2.18(b) or, in the case of the Borrowing of a Swingline Loan, the Swingline Lender and the Administrative Agent shall have received a Borrowing Request as required by Section 2.17(b).
 
(b)          No Default. No Default shall have occurred and be continuing on such date or would result from the making of any such Credit Extension.
 
(c)         Representations and Warranties. Each of the representations and warranties made by any Loan Party set forth in Article III hereof or in any other Loan Document shall be true and correct in all material respects (except that any representation and warranty that is qualified as to “materiality” or “Material Adverse Effect” shall be true and correct in all respects) on and as of the date of such Credit Extension with the same effect as though made on and as of such date, except to the extent such representations and warranties expressly relate to an earlier date; provided, however, that this condition shall not apply to any request for the amendment of a Letter of Credit for purposes of decreasing its face amount.
 
(d)          Borrowing Base. After giving effect to such Credit Extension the sum of the total Revolving Exposures shall not exceed the Line Cap.
 
(e)          No Legal Bar. No order, judgment or decree of any Governmental Authority shall purport to restrain any Lender from making any Loans to be made by it. No injunction or other restraining order shall have been issued with respect to any action, suit or proceeding seeking to enjoin or otherwise prevent the consummation of, or to recover any damages or obtain relief as a result of, the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the making of Loans hereunder.
 
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(f)           USA PATRIOT Act. With respect to Letters of Credit issued for the account of a Subsidiary only, the Lenders and the Administrative Agent shall have timely received the information required under Section 10.13.
 
Each of the delivery of a Borrowing Request or an LC Request and the acceptance by Borrowers of the proceeds of such Credit Extension shall constitute a representation and warranty by Borrowers and each other Loan Party that on the date of such Credit Extension (both immediately before and after giving effect to such Credit Extension and the application of the proceeds thereof) the conditions contained in Sections 4.02(b)-(e) have been satisfied.
 
Section 4.03         Conditions to Initial Credit Extension to an Eligible Subsidiary.
 
The obligation of each Lender and each Issuing Bank to make the initial Credit Extension to an Eligible Subsidiary shall be subject to, and to the satisfaction of, each of the conditions precedent set forth below and thereupon, such Eligible Subsidiary shall become a “Borrower” for purposes of this Agreement and the Loan Documents.
 
(a)         Opinion of Counsel. The Administrative Agent shall have received, on behalf of itself, the other Agents, the Joint Lead Arrangers, the Lenders and the Issuing Banks, a favorable written opinion of (i) a special counsel for such Eligible Subsidiary reasonably acceptable to Administrative Agent (it being acknowledged and agreed that Willkie, Farr & Gallagher LLP shall be reasonably acceptable to Administrative Agent), (A) dated the date of the proposed initial Credit Extension to such Eligible Subsidiary (each, an “Initial Borrowing Date”), (B) addressed to the Agents, the Issuing Banks and the Lenders and (C) covering the matters set forth in Section 4.01(c) and such matters relating to the Loan Documents as the Administrative Agent shall reasonably request.
 
(b)          Corporate Documents. The Administrative Agent shall have received:
 
(i)         a certificate of the secretary or assistant secretary of such Eligible Subsidiary dated the Initial Borrowing Date, certifying (A) that attached thereto is a true and complete copy of each Organizational Document of such Eligible Subsidiary certified (to the extent applicable) as of a recent date by the Secretary of State of the state of its organization, (B) that attached thereto is a true and complete copy of resolutions duly adopted by the Board of Directors of such Eligible Subsidiary authorizing the execution, delivery and performance of the Loan Documents to which such person is a party and the borrowings hereunder, and that such resolutions have not been modified, rescinded or amended and are in full force and effect and (C) as to the incumbency and specimen signature of each officer executing any Loan Document or any other document delivered in connection herewith on behalf of such Eligible Subsidiary (together with a certificate of another officer as to the incumbency and specimen signature of the secretary or assistant secretary executing the certificate in this clause (i));
 
(ii)         a certificate as to the good standing of such Eligible Subsidiary (in so-called “long-form” if available) as of a recent date, from such Secretary of State (or other applicable Governmental Authority); and
 
(iii)        such other documents as the Lenders, the Issuing Banks or the Administrative Agent may reasonably request.
 
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(c)           USA PATRIOT Act. The Lenders and the Administrative Agent shall have timely received the information required under Section 10.13.
 
(d)         To the extent that such Eligible Subsidiary was not a Loan Party prior to becoming a Borrower under this Agreement, the conditions of Section 5.10 shall have been satisfied with respect to such Eligible Subsidiary.
 
ARTICLE V

AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS
 
Each Loan Party covenants and agrees that so long as this Agreement shall remain in effect and until the Payment in Full of the Secured Obligations, unless the Required Lenders shall otherwise consent in writing, each Loan Party will, and will cause each of its Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) to:
 
Section 5.01         Financial Statements, Reports, etc.
 
Furnish to the Administrative Agent for prompt distribution to each Lender:
 
(a)         Annual Reports. As soon as available and in any event within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year (or such earlier date on which Holdings is required to file a Form 10-K under the Exchange Act): (i) the consolidated balance sheet of Holdings as of the end of such fiscal year and related consolidated statements of income, cash flows and stockholders’ equity for such fiscal year, in comparative form with such financial statements as of the end of, and for, the preceding fiscal year, and notes thereto, accompanied by an opinion of Deloitte & Touche LLP or other independent public accountants of recognized national standing reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent (which opinion shall not be qualified as to scope or contain any going concern or other qualification, other than any going concern or other qualification with respect to the regularly scheduled maturity date of the Revolving Commitments or other Indebtedness permitted by this Agreement or as a result of a potential breach of Section 6.09 hereof or a prior breach of Section 6.09 hereof which has been waived or cured), stating that such financial statements fairly present, in all material respects, the consolidated financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of Holdings as of the dates and for the periods specified in accordance with GAAP consistently applied; (ii) a management report in a form reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent setting forth (A) statement of income items and Consolidated EBITDA of Holdings for such fiscal year, showing variance, by dollar amount and percentage, from amounts for the previous fiscal year and budgeted amounts and (B) key operational information and statistics for such fiscal year consistent with internal and industry-wide reporting standards; and (iii) a narrative report and management’s discussion and analysis, in a form reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, of the financial condition and results of operations of Holdings for such fiscal year, as compared to amounts for the previous fiscal year and budgeted amounts (it being understood that the information required by clause (i) may be furnished in the form of a Form 10-K);
 
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(b)         Quarterly Reports. As soon as available and in any event within 45 days (or such earlier date on which Holdings is required to file a Form 10-Q under the Exchange Act) after the end of each of the first three fiscal quarters of each fiscal year, (i) the consolidated balance sheet of Holdings as of the end of such fiscal quarter and related consolidated statements of income and cash flows for such fiscal quarter and for the then elapsed portion of the fiscal year, in comparative form with the consolidated statements of income and cash flows for the comparable periods in the previous fiscal year, and notes thereto, and accompanied by a certificate of a Financial Officer stating that such financial statements fairly present, in all material respects, the consolidated financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of Holdings as of the date and for the periods specified therein in accordance with GAAP consistently applied, and on a basis consistent with audited financial statements referred to in clause (a) of this Section, subject to normal year-end audit adjustments and the absence of footnote disclosures and (ii) a narrative report and management’s discussion and analysis, in a form reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, of the financial condition and results of operations for such fiscal quarter and the then elapsed portion of the fiscal year, as compared to the comparable periods in the previous fiscal year and budgeted amounts (it being understood that the information required by clause (i) may be furnished in the form of a Form 10-Q);
 
(c)         Monthly Reports. Within 30 days after the end of each of the first two months of each fiscal quarter, the consolidated balance sheet of Holdings as of the end of each such month and the related consolidated statements of income and cash flows of Holdings for such month and for the then elapsed portion of the fiscal year, accompanied by a certificate of a Financial Officer stating that such financial statements fairly present, in all material respects, the consolidated results of operations and cash flows of Holdings as of the date and for the periods specified therein in accordance with GAAP consistently applied, subject to normal year-end audit adjustments and the absence of footnote disclosures;
 
(d)       Financial Officer’s Certificate. Concurrently with any delivery of financial statements under Section 5.01(a), (b) or (c), a Compliance Certificate certifying that no Default has occurred or, if such a Default has occurred, specifying the nature and extent thereof and any corrective action taken or proposed to be taken with respect thereto and which Compliance Certificate shall, in the case of any Compliance Certificate delivered in connection with financial statements delivered under Section 5.01(a) or Section 5.01(b), include a calculation of the Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio;
 
(e)         Financial Officer’s Certificate Regarding Collateral. Concurrently with any delivery of financial statements under Section 5.01(a), a certificate of a Financial Officer setting forth the information required pursuant to the Perfection Certificate Supplement or confirming that there has been no change in such information since the dates of the Perfection Certificates or latest Perfection Certificate Supplement;
 
(f)        Public Reports. Promptly after the same become publicly available, copies of all periodic and other reports, proxy statements and other materials filed by any Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or any Governmental Authority succeeding to any or all of the functions of said Commission, or with any national securities exchange;
 
(g)         Management Letters. Promptly after the receipt thereof by any Company, a copy of any “management letter” received by any such person from its certified public accountants and the management’s responses thereto;
 
(h)         Budgets. Within 90 days after the beginning of each fiscal year, a budget for Holdings in form reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent (it being understood that a budget delivered in substantially the same form as the budgets delivered in 2022 and 2023 will be in a form acceptable to the Administrative Agent), but to include a balance sheet, statement of income and sources and uses of cash, for such fiscal year prepared in detail with appropriate presentation and discussion of the principal assumptions upon which such budget is based, accompanied by the statement of a Financial Officer of Holdings to the effect that the budget of Holdings is a reasonable estimate for the periods covered thereby and has been prepared in good faith on the basis of assumptions stated therein, which such assumptions were believed to be reasonable at the time of preparation of such budget, it being understood that actual results may vary from the budget and such variances may be material;
 
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(i)           [Reserved];
 
(j)         Organizational Documents. Promptly provide copies of any Organizational Documents that have been amended or modified in accordance with the terms hereof and deliver a copy of any notice of default given or received by any Company under any Organizational Document within 15 days after such Company gives or receives such notice; and
 
(k)         Other Information. Promptly, from time to time, such other information regarding the operations, business affairs and financial condition of any Company, or compliance with the terms of any Loan Document, as the Administrative Agent or any Lender may reasonably request; provided, however, that the Administrative Agent will not be allowed to receive information the provision or disclosure of which is prohibited pursuant to Applicable Law or contractual obligations or that is protected by attorney-client privilege.
 
Any documents required to be delivered pursuant to Section 5.01(a), (b) or (f) may be delivered electronically (including by having been publicly filed with the SEC) and if so delivered, shall be deemed to have been delivered on the date (i) on which the Borrowers (or PBF Energy Inc. or any parent entity thereof) post such documents or provide a link thereto on Borrowers’ (or PBF Energy Inc.’s or any parent entity thereof) website on the Internet at the website address listed on Schedule 5.01 (or such other website address provided to the Administrative Agent in writing from time to time); (ii) on which such documents are posted on the Borrowers’ behalf on an Internet or intranet website, if any, to which each Lender and the Administrative Agent has access (whether a commercial, third-party website or whether sponsored by the Administrative Agent); or (iii) if publicly filed with the SEC (including by PBF Energy, Inc. or any parent entity thereof) as of the date of such filing. The Administrative Agent shall have no obligation to request the delivery or to maintain copies of the documents referred to above, and in any event shall have no responsibility to monitor compliance by the Borrowers with any such request for delivery, and each Lender shall be solely responsible for requesting delivery to it or maintaining its copies of such documents.
 
Section 5.02         Litigation and Other Notices.
 
Furnish to the Administrative Agent written notice of the following promptly (and, in any event, within five (5) Business Days (or with respect to clause (e) below, within 30 days) of the occurrence thereof):
 
(a)          to the extent not otherwise disclosed in a Form 8-K, filed under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (a “Form 8-K”), any Default, specifying the nature and extent thereof and the corrective action (if any) taken or proposed to be taken with respect thereto;
 
(b)          to the extent not otherwise disclosed in a Form 8-K, the filing or commencement of, or any written threat or notice of intention of any person to file or commence, any action, suit, litigation or proceeding, whether at law or in equity by or before any Governmental Authority, (i) against any Company or any Subsidiary that is reasonably likely to be adversely adjudicated, and if so adjudicated, could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect or (ii) with respect to any Loan Document;
 
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(c)        to the extent not otherwise disclosed in a Form 8-K, any development that has resulted in, or could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect;
 
(d)          the occurrence of a Casualty Event (i) to any portion of Revolving Credit Priority Collateral in excess of $20,000,000 or (ii) to the extent not otherwise disclosed in a Form 8-K, to any assets of any Loan Party not constituting Revolving Credit Priority Collateral in excess of $50,000,000; and
 
(e)         the incurrence of Indebtedness in respect of letters of credit (other than Letters of Credit) and/or other credit support issued in connection with the purchase by the Loan Parties of hydrocarbons (which notice shall include (i) the payment terms of such letter of credit, (ii) the third party recipient of such letter of credit and (iii) any other information reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent with respect to the assets to be used to secure such Indebtedness).
 
Section 5.03         Existence; Businesses and Properties.
 
(a)         Do or cause to be done all things necessary to preserve, renew and maintain in full force and effect its legal existence, except as otherwise expressly permitted under Section 6.05 or Section 6.06 or, in the case of any Subsidiary, where the failure to perform such obligations, individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
 
(b)          Do or cause to be done all things reasonably necessary to obtain, preserve, renew, extend and keep in full force and effect the rights, licenses, permits, privileges, franchises and authorizations material to the conduct of its business; maintain and renew patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade names material to the conduct of its business; maintain and operate such business in substantially the manner in which it is presently conducted and operated; comply with all applicable Requirements of Law (including any and all zoning, building, Environmental Law, ordinance, code or approval or any building permits or any restrictions of record or agreements affecting the Real Property) and decrees and orders of any Governmental Authority, whether now in effect or hereafter enacted, except where the failure to comply, individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; pay and perform its material obligations under all Leases; and at all times maintain, preserve and protect all property material to the conduct of such business and keep such property in good repair, working order and condition (other than wear and tear occurring in the ordinary course of business and casualty and condemnation) and from time to time make, or cause to be made, all needful and proper repairs, renewals, additions, improvements and replacements thereto necessary in order that the business carried on in connection therewith may be properly conducted at all times, except where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; provided that nothing in this Section 5.03(b) shall prevent (i) sales of property, consolidations or mergers by or involving any Company or Excluded Subsidiary in accordance with Section 6.05 or Section 6.06; (ii) the withdrawal by any Company or Excluded Subsidiary of its qualification as a foreign legal entity in any jurisdiction where such withdrawal, individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; or (iii) the abandonment by any Company of any rights, franchises, licenses, trademarks, trade names, copyrights or patents that such person reasonably determines are not useful to its business or no longer commercially desirable.
 
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Section 5.04        Insurance.
 
(a)       Generally. Keep its insurable property adequately insured at all times by financially sound and reputable insurers; maintain such other insurance, to such extent and against such risks as is customary with companies in the same or similar businesses operating in the same or similar locations, including insurance with respect to properties material to the business of the Companies against such casualties and contingencies and of such types and in such amounts with such deductibles as is customary in the case of similar businesses operating in the same or similar locations.
 
(b)        Requirements of Insurance. All such insurance shall (i) provide that no cancellation, material reduction in amount or material change in coverage thereof shall be effective until at least 30 days after receipt by the Administrative Agent of written notice thereof or as otherwise reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, (ii) name the Administrative Agent as mortgagee (in the case of property insurance) or additional insured on behalf of the Secured Parties (in the case of liability insurance) or loss payee (in the case of property insurance), as applicable, (iii) if reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent, include a breach of warranty clause and (iv) be reasonably satisfactory in all other respects to the Administrative Agent.
 
(c)          Notice to Agents. Notify the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent promptly whenever any separate insurance concurrent in form or contributing in the event of loss with that required to be maintained under this Section 5.04 is taken out by any Company; and promptly deliver to the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent a duplicate original copy of such policy or policies.
 
(d)          [Reserved].
 
(e)         Broker’s Report. Deliver to the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent a report of a reputable insurance broker with respect to such insurance and such supplemental reports with respect thereto as the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent may from time to time reasonably request; provided, that absent an Event of Default that has occurred and is continuing, the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent shall not make such request more than once per calendar year.
 
Section 5.05         Obligations and Taxes.
 
(a)          Payment of Obligations. Pay and discharge promptly when due all Taxes, assessments and governmental charges or levies imposed upon it or upon its income or profits or in respect of its property, before the same shall become delinquent or in default, as well as all lawful claims for labor, services, materials and supplies or otherwise that, if unpaid, give rise to a Lien other than a Permitted Lien upon such properties or any part thereof; provided that such payment and discharge shall not be required with respect to any such Tax, assessment, charge, levy or claim so long as (x)(i) the validity or amount thereof shall be contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings timely instituted and diligently conducted and the applicable Company shall have set aside on its books adequate reserves or other appropriate provisions with respect thereto in accordance with GAAP, and (ii) in the case of Collateral, the applicable Company shall have otherwise complied with the Contested Collateral Lien Conditions or (y) the failure to pay could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
 
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(b)          Filing of Returns. Timely and correctly file all material Tax Returns required to be filed by it. Withhold, collect and remit all material Taxes that it is required to collect, withhold or remit.
 
Section 5.06         Employee Benefits.
 
(a)       Comply in all material respects with the applicable provisions of ERISA and the Code (except where any failure to comply could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect)
 
(b)        Furnish to the Administrative Agent (x) as soon as possible after, and in any event within 5 days after any Responsible Officer of any Company or any ERISA Affiliates of any Company knows or has reason to know that, any ERISA Event has occurred that, alone or together with any other ERISA Event could reasonably be expected to result in liability of the Companies or any of their ERISA Affiliates in an aggregate amount exceeding $1,000,000 or the imposition of a Lien on the assets of any Loan Party, a statement of a Financial Officer of Administrative Borrower setting forth details as to such ERISA Event and the action, if any, that the Companies propose to take with respect thereto; (y) upon request by the Administrative Agent, copies of (i) each Schedule B (Actuarial Information) to the annual report (Form 5500 Series) filed by any Company or any ERISA Affiliate with the Internal Revenue Service with respect to each Plan; (ii) the most recent actuarial valuation report for each Plan; (iii) all notices received by any Company or any ERISA Affiliate from a Multiemployer Plan sponsor or any governmental agency concerning an ERISA Event; and (iv) such other documents or governmental reports or filings relating to any Plan (or employee benefit plan sponsored or contributed to by any Company) as the Administrative Agent shall reasonably request and (z) promptly following any request therefor, copies of (i) any documents described in Section 101(k) of ERISA that any Company or its ERISA Affiliate may request with respect to any Multiemployer Plan and (ii) any notices described in Section 101(1) of ERISA that any Company or its ERISA Affiliate may request with respect to any Multiemployer Plan; provided that if any Company or its ERISA Affiliate has not requested such documents or notices from the administrator or sponsor of the applicable Multiemployer Plan, the applicable Company or ERISA Affiliate shall promptly make a request for such documents or notices from such administrator or sponsor and shall provide copies of such documents and notices promptly after receipt thereof.
 
Section 5.07         Maintaining Records; Access to Properties and Inspections; Annual Meetings.
 
(a)        Keep proper books of record and account in which full, true and correct entries in conformity with GAAP consistently applied and all Requirements of Law are made of all material dealings and transactions in relation to its business and activities. Upon at least two (2) Business Days prior written notice, each Loan Party will permit any representatives designated by the Administrative Agent or any Lender to visit and inspect the financial records (other than the records of the Board of Directors) and the property of such Company at reasonable times and as often as reasonably requested and to make extracts from and copies of such financial records, and permit any representatives designated by the Administrative Agent or any Lender to discuss the affairs, finances, accounts and condition of any Loan Party with the officers and employees thereof and advisors therefor (including independent accountants); provided that, excluding any such visits and inspections during the continuation of an Event of Default, only the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Lenders may exercise rights of the Administrative Agent and the Lenders under this Section 5.07(a) and the Administrative Agent shall not exercise such rights more often than three times during any calendar year absent the existence of an Event of Default that is continuing, each time to be at the Borrowers’ expense; provided, further that when an Event of Default exists and is continuing, the Administrative Agent or any Lender (or any of their respective representatives) may do any of the foregoing at the expense of the Borrowers at any time during normal business hours and upon reasonable advance notice. The Administrative Agent and the Lenders shall give the Loan Parties the opportunity to participate in any discussions with the Borrowers’ advisors (including independent public accountants). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 5.07(a), none of the Loan Parties will be required to disclose, permit the inspection, examination or making copies or abstracts of, or discussion of, any document, information or other matter (i) in respect of which disclosure to the Administrative Agent or any Lender (or their respective representatives) is prohibited by applicable law or binding agreement or (ii) that is subject to attorney-client privilege or constitutes attorney work product.
 
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(b)           Within 150 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Companies, at the written request of the Administrative Agent or Required Lenders, hold a meeting which, at Borrowers’ option, may be by conference call (the costs of any such call to be paid by Borrowers), with all Lenders who choose to attend such meeting, at which meeting shall be reviewed the financial results of the previous fiscal year and the financial condition of the Companies and the budgets presented for the current fiscal year of the Companies.
 
Section 5.08        Use of Proceeds.
 
Use the proceeds of the Loans only for the purposes set forth in Section 3.12 and request the issuance of Letters of Credit only for the purposes set forth in the definition of Commercial Letter of Credit or Standby Letter of Credit, as the case may be.
 
Section 5.09        Compliance with Environmental Laws; Environmental Reports.
 
(a)         Except as could not reasonably be expected, either individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect, (i) comply, cause all Affiliates of the Loan Parties occupying Real Property owned, operated or leased by any Company to comply, in all material respects with all Environmental Laws and Environmental Permits applicable to its operations and Real Property; and (ii) obtain and renew all material Environmental Permits applicable to its operations and Real Property; and conduct all Responses required of the Companies by, and in accordance with, Environmental Laws; provided, further that no Company shall be required to undertake any Response to the extent that its obligation to do so is being contested in good faith and by proper proceedings and appropriate reserves are being maintained with respect to such circumstances in accordance with GAAP.
 
(b)          If an Event of Default, if any, caused by reason of a breach of Section 3.18 or Section 5.09(a) shall have occurred and be continuing for more than 30 days without the Companies commencing activities reasonably likely to cure such Event of Default, if any, in accordance with Environmental Laws, at the written request of the Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders through the Administrative Agent, provide to the Lenders within 60 days after such request, at the expense of Borrowers, an environmental assessment report regarding the matters which are the subject of such Event of Default, including, where appropriate, soil and/or groundwater sampling, prepared by an environmental consulting firm and, in the form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and indicating the presence or absence of Hazardous Materials and the estimated cost of any compliance or Response to address them.
 
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Section 5.10         Additional Collateral; Additional Guarantors.
 
(a)         Subject to the terms of the Intercreditor Agreements and this Section 5.10, with respect to any property acquired after the Effective Date by any Loan Party that is intended to be subject to the Lien created by any of the Security Documents but is not so subject, promptly (and in any event within 30 days after the acquisition thereof (or such longer period of time not to exceed an additional 30 days as may be permitted by written consent by Administrative Agent)) (i) execute and deliver to the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent such amendments or supplements to the relevant Security Documents or such other documents as the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent shall deem reasonably necessary or advisable to grant to the Administrative Agent, for its benefit and for the benefit of the other Secured Parties, a Lien on such property subject to no Liens other than Permitted Liens, and (ii) take all actions necessary to cause such Lien to be duly perfected to the extent required by such Security Document in accordance with all applicable Requirements of Law, including the filing of financing statements in such jurisdictions as may be reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent; provided, however, that notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any Loan Document, to the extent resulting from a Permitted Acquisition or an Investment permitted by Section 6.04(n), 6.04(r) or 6.04(s), at the election of the Administrative Borrower, the only action required to be consummated contemporaneously with the consummation of such transaction will be the filing of financing statements on form UCC-1, and any other action (if any) required in connection therewith pursuant to this Section 5.10 and any analogous provision in the Loan Documents may be consummated within a reasonable period of time after such consummation as agreed to by the Administrative Borrower and the Administrative Agent. Borrowers shall otherwise take such actions and execute and/or deliver to the Administrative Agent such documents as the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent shall require to confirm the validity, perfection and priority of the Lien of the Security Documents on such after-acquired properties.
 
(b)        Subject to the terms of any Intercreditor Agreements and the Administrative Borrower’s election under Section 5.18, with respect to any person that is or becomes a Subsidiary (other than an Excluded Subsidiary or Immaterial Subsidiary) after the Effective Date, promptly (and in any event within 30 days after such person becomes a Subsidiary) (or such longer period of time not to exceed an additional 30 days as may be permitted by written consent by Administrative Agent) cause such new Domestic Subsidiary (other than an Excluded Subsidiary or Immaterial Subsidiary) (A) to execute a Joinder Agreement or such comparable documentation to become a Subsidiary Guarantor (or Borrower, in the case of Eligible Subsidiaries) and a joinder agreement to the Security Agreement, substantially in the form annexed thereto, and (B) to take all actions reasonably necessary or advisable in the opinion of the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent to cause the Lien created by the Security Agreement to be duly perfected to the extent required by such agreement in accordance with all applicable Requirements of Law, including the filing of financing statements in such jurisdictions as may be reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent; provided, however, that notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any Loan Document, to the extent resulting from a Permitted Acquisition or an Investment permitted by Section 6.04(n), 6.04(r) or 6.04(s), at the election of the Administrative Borrower, the only action required to be consummated contemporaneously with the consummation of such transaction will be the filing of financing statements on form UCC-1, and any other action (if any) required in connection therewith pursuant to this Section 5.10 and any analogous provision in the Loan Documents may be consummated within a reasonable period of time after such consummation as agreed to by the Administrative Borrower and the Administrative Agent. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no Foreign Subsidiary or any Domestic Subsidiary which holds as its only material assets the Equity Interests of one or more Foreign Subsidiaries shall be required to take the actions specified in this Section 5.10(b).
 
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(c)          Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement or any Security Document to the contrary, this Section 5.10 applies to the Loan Parties and their assets, in each case, solely as to the Revolving Credit Priority Collateral.
 
Section 5.11         Security Interests; Further Assurances.
 
Subject to the terms of the Intercreditor Agreements, promptly, upon the reasonable request of the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent, at Borrowers’ expense, execute, acknowledge and deliver, or cause the execution, acknowledgment and delivery of any document or instrument supplemental to or confirmatory of the Security Documents or otherwise deemed by the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent reasonably necessary or desirable for the continued validity, perfection and priority of the Liens on the Collateral covered thereby subject to no other Liens except as permitted by the applicable Security Document, or obtain any consents or waivers as may be necessary or appropriate in connection therewith. Deliver or cause to be delivered to the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent from time to time such other documentation, consents, authorizations, approvals and orders in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent as the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent shall reasonably deem necessary to perfect or maintain the Liens on the Collateral pursuant to the Security Documents. Upon the exercise by the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent or any Lender of any power, right, privilege or remedy pursuant to any Loan Document which requires any consent, approval, registration, qualification or authorization of any Governmental Authority execute and deliver all applications, certifications, instruments and other documents and papers that the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent or such Lender may reasonably require.
 
Section 5.12         Information Regarding Collateral.
 
(a)         Not effect any change (i) in any Loan Party’s legal name, (ii) in the location of any Loan Party’s chief executive office, (iii) in any Loan Party’s organizational structure, (iv) in any Loan Party’s Federal Taxpayer Identification Number or organizational identification number, if any, or (v) in any Loan Party’s jurisdiction of organization (in each case, including by merging with or into any other entity, reorganizing, dissolving, liquidating, reorganizing or organizing in any other jurisdiction), until (A) it shall have given the Collateral Agent and the Administrative Agent not less than five (5) Business Days’ prior written notice (in the form of an Officers’ Certificate), or such lesser notice period agreed to by the Administrative Agent, of its intention so to do, clearly describing such change and providing such other information in connection therewith as the Collateral Agent or the Administrative Agent may reasonably request and (B) it shall have taken all action reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent to maintain the perfection and priority of the security interest of the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties in the Collateral, if applicable. Each Loan Party agrees to promptly provide the Administrative Agent upon its request with certified Organizational Documents reflecting any of the changes described in the preceding sentence. Each Loan Party also agrees to promptly notify the Administrative Agent of any change in the location of any office in which it maintains books or records relating to Collateral owned by it or any office or facility at which Collateral is located (including the establishment of any such new office or facility), other than changes in location to a leased property subject to a Landlord Access Agreement.
 
Section 5.13         [Reserved].
 
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Section 5.14         Affirmative Covenants with Respect to Leases.
 
With respect to each Lease, the respective Loan Party shall perform all the obligations required of it under such Lease and enforce all of the tenant’s obligations thereunder, except where the failure to so perform or enforce could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
 
Section 5.15         Borrowing Base-Related Reports.
 
Borrowers shall deliver or cause to be delivered (at the expense of Borrowers) to the Administrative Agent the following:
 
(a)         in no event later than 21 days after the end of each month (or the succeeding Business Day if such 21st day is not a Business Day) for the month most recently ended, a Borrowing Base Certificate from Borrowers accompanied by such supporting detail and documentation as shall be reasonably requested by the Collateral Agent in their reasonable credit judgment; provided, that if Excess Availability is less than or equal to 20% of the Borrowing Base for a period in excess of three (3) continuing Business Days, then Borrowing Base Certificates shall be delivered on a weekly basis, for each calendar week, no later than Friday of the following calendar week, until Excess Availability shall have exceeded 20% of the Borrowing Base for at least ten (10) consecutive Business Days.
 
(b)         upon the reasonable request of the Collateral Agent, and in no event later than 30 days after the end of (i) each month, a monthly trial balance showing Accounts outstanding aged from statement date as follows: 1 to 30 days, 31 to 60 days, 61 to 90 days and 91 days or more, accompanied by a comparison to the prior month’s trial balance and such supporting detail and documentation as shall be requested by the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent in their reasonable credit judgment and (ii) each month, a summary of hydrocarbon Inventory by location and type accompanied by such supporting detail and documentation as shall be reasonably requested by the Collateral Agent in their reasonable credit judgment;
 
(c)         at the time of delivery of each of the financial statements delivered pursuant to Sections 5.01(a) and (b) upon the reasonable request of the Administrative Agent, a reconciliation of the Accounts trial balance and quarter-end hydrocarbon Inventory reports of Borrowers to the general ledger of Borrowers, accompanied by such supporting detail and documentation as shall be reasonably requested by the Collateral Agent in its reasonable credit judgment;
 
(d)          as frequently as mutually agreed by the Administrative Agent and Holdings, but in no event later than weekly, on or before the fifth Business Day following the end of each week, provide Administrative Agent with a summary report setting forth the aggregate amount of Purchased Receivables Collections made, the aggregate amount of Purchased Receivables sold, the aggregate amount of Purchased Receivables outstanding, for so long as there are Purchased Receivables in existence Borrowing Base Cash, and such other information as may be mutually agreed by the Administrative Agent and Holdings;
 
(e)        in addition to the reporting required under subclause 5.15(d) above, after the occurrence and during the continuance of the Receivables Purchase End Period, Administrative Agent shall receive such comprehensive reporting delivered by Holdings to Receivables Agent or received by Holding from Receivables Agent with respect to Designated Accounts Receivable, Purchased Receivables and Collections as Administrative Agent may reasonably request in writing, including daily reporting if and to the extent reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent in writing; provided, however, that the Administrative Agent will not be allowed to receive information the provision or disclosure of which is prohibited pursuant to Applicable Law or protected by attorney-client privilege; and
 
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(f)       such other reports, statements and reconciliations with respect to the Borrowing Base or Collateral of any or all Loan Parties as the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent shall from time to time request in their reasonable credit judgment.
 
The delivery of each certificate and report or any other information delivered pursuant to this Section 5.15 shall constitute a representation and warranty by Borrowers that the statements and information contained therein are true and correct in all material respects on and as of such date.
 
Section 5.16         Collateral Field Examinations.
 
Any of the Collateral Agent’s officers, designated employees or agents shall have the right, at any reasonable time or times subject to the following limitations on prior written notice to Borrowers to conduct field examinations of the financial affairs and Collateral of the Loan Parties. The Loan Parties shall cooperate fully with the Collateral Agent and its agents during all Collateral field examinations, which shall be at Borrowers’ expense and shall be conducted, at the request of the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent, not more than one (1) time during any twelve month period, absent an Event of Default that has occurred and is continuing or, following the occurrence and during the continuation of an Event of Default, more frequently at the Administrative Agent’s or the Collateral Agent’s request; provided, that: (a) if Excess Availability is less than 40% of the Line Cap for a period in excess of five consecutive Business Days, Agents shall be entitled to request two Collateral field examinations annually; and (b) if Excess Availability is less than 12.5% of the Line Cap for a period in excess of five consecutive Business Days, Agents shall be entitled to request three Collateral field examinations annually; provided, further, that none of the foregoing limitations on the number of Collateral Field examinations shall apply during the continuance of an Event of Default.
 
Section 5.17        [Reserved]
 
Section 5.18        Designation of Borrowers and Excluded Subsidiaries.
 
(a)        Administrative Borrower may designate any Eligible Subsidiary as a “Borrower” under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents by written notice to the Administrative Agent; provided that (i) immediately before and after such designation, no Default or Event of Default (or in the context of a Permitted Acquisition, no Specified Event of Default) shall have occurred and be continuing, (ii) the conditions set forth in Section 4.03 shall have been satisfied with respect to such Eligible Subsidiary and (iii) immediately before and after giving effect to such designation, Borrowers shall be in compliance, on a Pro Forma Basis, with the covenant set forth in Section 6.09, to the extent the covenant is then applicable and is being tested. Until such time as the requirements set forth in the preceding clauses (i) through (iii) shall have been satisfied with respect to such Eligible Subsidiary, such Eligible Subsidiary shall not be a “Borrower” for purposes of this Agreement and the Accounts and hydrocarbon Inventory of such Eligible Subsidiary shall not be counted towards calculating the Borrowing Base.
 
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(b)         Schedule 1.01(e) sets forth each Excluded Subsidiary designated as such under the Existing Revolving Credit Agreement immediately prior to the Effective Date, each of which shall be deemed to be designated an Excluded Subsidiary under this Agreement. In addition to Excluded Subsidiaries designated as such on or prior to the Effective Date, the Administrative Borrower may designate any Domestic Subsidiary acquired or formed after the Effective Date, within 30 days of the formation or acquisition thereof (or such longer period of time as may be permitted by the Administrative Agent), as an Excluded Subsidiary by written notice to the Administrative Agent; provided that immediately before and after such designation, no Default or Event of Default (or in the context of a Permitted Acquisition, no Specified Event of Default) shall have occurred and be continuing; provided further that such Excluded Subsidiary may be re-designated by Administrative Borrower as a “Subsidiary Guarantor” upon five (5) Business Days (or such shorter period of time as may be permitted by the Administrative Agent) prior written notice to the Administrative Agent as long as the requirements of Section 5.10 are satisfied either before or concurrently with it becoming a Subsidiary Guarantor.
 
ARTICLE VI

NEGATIVE COVENANTS
 
Each Loan Party covenants and agrees that, so long as this Agreement shall remain in effect and until the Payment in Full of the Secured Obligations, unless the Required Lenders shall otherwise consent in writing, no Loan Party will, nor will they cause or permit any Subsidiaries (other than Excluded Subsidiaries) to:
 
Section 6.01         Indebtedness.
 
Incur, create, assume or permit to exist, directly or indirectly, any Indebtedness, except
 
(a)       Indebtedness incurred under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents (including, without limitation, any Incremental Revolving Commitments, Incremental Revolving Loans, Refinancing Loan Commitments and Refinancing Revolving Loans);
 
(b)      Indebtedness outstanding on the Effective Date (which, solely to the extent in excess of $10,000,000 in the aggregate, are listed on Schedule 6.01(b));
 
(c)         Indebtedness under Hedging Obligations entered into consistent with prudent industry practice; provided that if such Hedging Obligations relate to interest rates or foreign currency, (i) such Hedging Obligations relate to payment obligations on Indebtedness otherwise permitted to be incurred by the Loan Documents and (ii) the notional principal amount of such Hedging Obligations at the time incurred does not exceed the principal amount of the Indebtedness to which such Hedging Obligations relate;
 
(d)          Indebtedness permitted by Section 6.04(f);
 
(e)         Indebtedness in respect of Purchase Money Obligations, Attributable Indebtedness, Capital Lease Obligations, and any other Indebtedness financing the acquisition, construction repair, replacement or improvement of any fixed or capital assets and refinancings or renewals thereof, in an aggregate amount not to exceed 10.0% of Total Assets (as determined on the date of incurrence of such Indebtedness); provided, however, any Purchase Money Obligations, Attributable Indebtedness, Capital Lease Obligations or any other Indebtedness (and any refinancing or renewals thereof) incurred to finance the acquisition, construction, repair, replacement or improvement of any rail car or transportation assets (a “Railcar Financing”) that are leased, financed subject to a purchase contract or under a similar arrangement in effect as of the Effective Date and set forth on Schedule 6.01(e) shall be permitted hereunder and shall not count against the basket in this clause (e);
 
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(f)         Indebtedness in respect of bid, performance or surety bonds, workers’ compensation claims, self-insurance obligations and bankers acceptances issued for the account of any Company in the ordinary course of business, including guarantees or obligations of any Company with respect to letters of credit supporting such bid, performance or surety bonds, workers’ compensation claims, self-insurance obligations and bankers acceptances (in each case other than for an obligation for money borrowed).
 
(g)          Contingent Obligations (including guarantees) of any Loan Party in respect of Indebtedness otherwise permitted under this Section 6.01;
 
(h)          Indebtedness arising from the honoring by a bank or other financial institution of a check, draft or similar instrument inadvertently (except in the case of daylight overdrafts) drawn against insufficient funds in the ordinary course of business; provided, however, that such Indebtedness is extinguished within five Business Days of incurrence;
 
(i)           Indebtedness arising in connection with endorsement of instruments for deposit in the ordinary course of business;
 
(j)           Indebtedness arising from an unsecured guaranty;
 
(k)          [reserved];
 
(l)            Indebtedness in the form of Letters of Credit issued under this Agreement;
 
(m)      (i) Indebtedness assumed in connection with any Permitted Acquisition, provided, that (x) such Indebtedness (A) was not incurred in contemplation of such Permitted Acquisition, (B) is secured only by the assets acquired in the applicable Permitted Acquisition (including any acquired Equity Interests), (C) the only obligors with respect to any Indebtedness incurred pursuant to this clause (m)(i) shall be those persons who were obligors of such Indebtedness prior to such Permitted Acquisition or such obligors are not Loan Parties (except as otherwise permitted by Section 6.04), and (y) both immediately prior and after giving effect thereto no Specified Event of Default shall exist or result therefrom or, at the Administrative Borrower’s option if such Indebtedness is assumed in connection with a Permitted Acquisition, no Event of Default shall exist at the time the relevant Acquisition Agreement is entered into and (ii) Indebtedness incurred in connection with the financing of any Permitted Acquisition, provided, that (x) such Indebtedness (A) is secured only by the assets (other than assets constituting Revolving Credit Priority Collateral) acquired in the applicable Permitted Acquisition (including any acquired Equity Interests), (B) the only obligors with respect to any Indebtedness incurred pursuant to this clause (m)(ii) shall be those persons who were obligors of such Indebtedness prior to such Permitted Acquisition and/or Affiliates of the Loan Parties (and in the case of the Loan Parties, solely to the extent permitted by Section 6.04), and (y) both immediately prior and after giving effect thereto (A) no Specified Event of Default shall exist or result therefrom or, at the Administrative Borrower’s option if such Indebtedness is to finance a Permitted Acquisition, no Event of Default shall exist at the time the relevant Acquisition Agreement is entered into, and (B) the aggregate principal amount of such Indebtedness and all Indebtedness resulting from any Permitted Refinancing thereof at any time outstanding pursuant to this clause (m)(ii) does not exceed (1) $625,000,000 plus (2) such additional amounts as long as (I) the Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, calculated on a Pro Forma Basis giving effect to the incurrence of such Indebtedness, is not less than 1.10:1.00 and (II) Pro Forma Excess Availability shall be greater than the Threshold Amount both before and after giving effect to the incurrence of any such Indebtedness (it being understood and agreed for the avoidance of doubt that the requirements of sub-clauses (1) and (2)(B) of this Section 6.01(m) will not apply to the extent that a Permitted Acquisition is financed with proceeds of Indebtedness permitted by Section 6.01(a));
 
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(n)         Indebtedness representing deferred compensation to employees of any Loan Parties incurred in the ordinary course of business, and/or incurred by such Person in connection with any Permitted Acquisition or any other Investment expressly permitted hereunder;
 
(o)         Indebtedness to current or former officers, directors, managers, consultants and employees, their respective estates, spouses or former spouses to finance the purchase or redemption of Equity Interests of any Loan Parties;
 
(p)         Indebtedness incurred in connection with a Permitted Acquisition, any other Investment expressly permitted hereunder or any Asset Sale or other dispositions of assets permitted hereunder, in each case to the extent constituting Indebtedness as a result of indemnification obligations or obligations in respect of purchase price (including earn-outs) or other similar adjustments;
 
(q)          Indebtedness resulting from obligations with respect to Treasury Services Agreements and other Indebtedness in respect of cash management, netting services, automatic clearinghouse arrangements, overdraft protections and similar arrangements in each case in connection with deposit accounts in the ordinary course of business;
 
(r)           Indebtedness consisting of the financing of insurance premiums in the ordinary course of business;
 
(s)         Indebtedness consisting of customer deposits and advance payments received in the ordinary course of business from customers for goods purchased;
 
(t)          to the extent constituting Indebtedness, obligations under the Oil Supply Agreements and Off-Take Agreements; provided, that, to the extent constituting Financing Oil Supply Agreements, Financing Off-Take Agreements, or to the extent such Oil Supply Agreements or Off-Take Agreements pertain to Intermediate Products and in each case, to the extent reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent, any such Indebtedness is subject to an intercreditor agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent;
 
(u)             Indebtedness incurred in connection with Environmental and Necessary Capex in an aggregate amount not to exceed $300,000,000;
 
(v)           Indebtedness in respect of letters of credit and/or other credit support issued in connection with the purchase by the Loan Parties of hydrocarbons; provided, that any such Indebtedness shall be secured solely by the purchased hydrocarbons, accounts receivable (including accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, general intangibles, instruments and all other rights to payment) arising from the sale or other disposition of such hydrocarbons, contracts, bills of lading, other documents of title and books and records pertaining to the foregoing, proceeds and products of the foregoing and proceeds of any insurance, indemnity, warranty or guaranty with respect to any of the foregoing (and any cash collateral and deposit accounts holding such cash collateral, if any, provided therefor) (collectively, the “Purchased Hydrocarbon Assets”) (it being understood and agreed that notwithstanding any term or condition to the contrary in any Loan Document (including any Security Document), any and all items set forth in this proviso are not Collateral for the Obligations);
 
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(w)          [Reserved];
 
(x)          the High Yield Indebtedness;

(y)         Indebtedness arising from an unsecured guaranty provided by any Loan Party in respect of the Indebtedness described in the preceding clause (x);
 
(z)          Indebtedness in respect of letters of credit issued by any Person;
 
(aa)        Indebtedness incurred in connection with Sale and Leaseback Transactions with respect to Catalyst Assets permitted pursuant to Section 6.03;
 
(bb)        Indebtedness not otherwise permitted by this Section 6.01 in an aggregate amount not to exceed the greater of (x) $100,000,000 and (y) 20% of Total Assets (as determined on the date of incurrence of such Indebtedness) outstanding at any time;
 
(cc)        other senior unsecured Indebtedness of the Borrower; provided that (i) no Default or Event of Default shall exist before or after giving effect to the incurrence of such Indebtedness and (ii) the Borrower shall be in pro forma compliance with the covenants set forth in Section 6.09, such compliance to be determined on the basis of the financial information most recently delivered to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders pursuant to Section 5.01(a) or (b), as though such Indebtedness had been incurred as of the first day of the most recently completed Test Period and remained outstanding and assuming, for such purposes, that the covenants set forth in Section 6.09 are required to be tested for such period;
 
(dd)     Indebtedness in respect of any industrial revenue bond, industrial development bond, tax exempt bond, pollution control bond, project financing and/or or similar financings (including any credit support in respect thereof); provided, that (i) the assets securing such Indebtedness shall not constitute Revolving Credit Priority Collateral, (ii) if such Indebtedness is secured by any real property at which any Collateral is located with a value in excess of $15,000,000, such Indebtedness shall be subject to a collateral access agreement, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and (iii) such Indebtedness shall have a maturity date of not less than 180 days after the Revolving Maturity Date;
 
(ee)      in the event, and solely in the event, that all Issuing Banks have declined to issue a Letter of Credit requested under this Agreement, Indebtedness in the form of a letter of credit which may be cash collateralized in an aggregate face amount for all such issued and outstanding letters of credit not to exceed $75,000,000 at any time outstanding;
 
(ff)         Indebtedness incurred by a Subsidiary organized and in operation in Mexico or a joint venture organized and in operation in Mexico (any such Subsidiary or joint venture a “Mexican Entity”); and
 
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(gg)        Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness.
 
For purposes of determining compliance with this Section 6.01, in the event that an item of Indebtedness meets the criteria of more than one of the categories of Indebtedness described in clauses (a) through (gg) above, the Borrowers shall, in their discretion, classify and reclassify or divide such item of Indebtedness (or any portion thereof) and will only be required to include the amount and type of such Indebtedness in one or more of the above clauses; provided that all Indebtedness outstanding under the Loan Documents will be deemed to have been incurred in reliance only on the exception in clause (a) of this Section 6.01.
 
The accrual of interest or dividends, the accretion of accreted value, the accretion or amortization of original issue discount and the payment of interest or dividends solely in the form of additional Indebtedness or Disqualified Capital Stock shall not be deemed to be an incurrence of Indebtedness for purposes of this Section 6.01.
 
Section 6.02         Liens.
 
Create, incur, assume or permit to exist, directly or indirectly, any Lien on any property now owned or hereafter acquired by it or on any income or revenues or rights in respect of any thereof, except the following (collectively, the “Permitted Liens”):
 
(a)        inchoate Liens for taxes, assessments or governmental charges or levies not yet due and payable or delinquent and Liens for taxes, assessments or governmental charges or levies, which are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings for which adequate reserves have been established in accordance with GAAP;
 
(b)          Liens in respect of property of any Company imposed by Requirements of Law, which were incurred in the ordinary course of business and do not secure Indebtedness for borrowed money, such as carriers’, warehousemen’s, materialmen’s, landlords’, workmen’s, suppliers’, repairmen’s and mechanics’ Liens and other similar Liens arising in the ordinary course of business, and (i) which do not in the aggregate materially detract from the value of the property of the Companies, taken as a whole, and do not materially impair the use thereof in the operation of the business of the Companies, taken as a whole and (ii) which, if they secure obligations that are then due and unpaid, are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which adequate reserves have been established in accordance with GAAP;
 
(c)         any Lien in existence on the Effective Date and set forth on Schedule 6.02(c) and any Lien granted as a replacement or substitute therefor; provided that any such replacement or substitute Lien (i) except as permitted by Section 6.01(b), does not secure an aggregate amount of Indebtedness, if any, greater than that secured on the Effective Date and (ii) does not encumber any property other than the property subject thereto on the Effective Date and improvements or accessions thereto (any such Lien, an “Existing Lien”);
 
(d)        easements, rights-of-way, restrictions (including zoning restrictions and other similar permits), covenants, licenses, encroachments, protrusions and other similar charges or encumbrances, and minor title deficiencies on or with respect to any Real Property, in each case whether now or hereafter in existence, not individually or in the aggregate materially interfering with the ordinary conduct of the business of the Companies at such Real Property;
 
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(e)          Liens arising out of judgments, attachments or awards not resulting in a Default and in respect of which such Company shall in good faith be prosecuting an appeal or proceedings for review in respect of which there shall be secured a subsisting stay of execution pending such appeal or proceedings and, in the case of any such Lien which has or may become a Lien against any of the Collateral, such Lien and the contest thereof shall satisfy the Contested Collateral Lien Conditions;
 
(f)          Liens (other than any Lien imposed by ERISA) (x) imposed by Requirements of Law or deposits made in connection therewith in the ordinary course of business in connection with workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance and other types of social security legislation, (y) incurred in the ordinary course of business to secure the performance of tenders, statutory obligations (other than excise taxes), surety, stay, customs and appeal bonds, statutory bonds, bids, leases, government contracts, trade contracts, performance and return of money bonds and other similar obligations (exclusive of obligations for the payment of Indebtedness) or (z) arising by virtue of deposits made in the ordinary course of business to secure liability for premiums to insurance brokers, carriers or insurance companies; provided that (i) with respect to clauses (x), (y) and (z) of this paragraph (f), such Liens are for amounts being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings for which adequate reserves have been established in accordance with GAAP (ii) to the extent such Liens are not imposed by Requirements of Law, such Liens shall in no event encumber any property other than cash and Cash Equivalents (or in respect of subclause (z), cash, Cash Equivalents and/or insurance proceeds), and (iii) in the case of any such Lien against any of the Collateral, such Lien and the contest thereof shall satisfy the Contested Collateral Lien Conditions;
 
(g)         Leases and sub-leases of the properties of any Company granted by such Company to third parties, so long as such Leases do not, individually or in the aggregate, interfere in any material respect with the ordinary conduct of the business of any Company;
 
(h)         Liens arising out of conditional sale, title retention, consignment or similar arrangements for the sale or storage of goods entered into by any Company in the ordinary course of business;
 
(i)          (i) Liens securing Indebtedness and other obligations incurred pursuant to Section 6.01(e); provided, that any such Liens attach only to the property being financed pursuant to such Indebtedness and do not encumber any other property of any Company (other than improvements and accessions thereon and proceeds (including insurance proceeds) thereof) and (ii) Liens solely on the Purchased Hydrocarbon Assets (it being understood and agreed that notwithstanding any term or condition to the contrary in any Loan Document (including any Security Document), any and all items set forth in this clause (ii) (except as otherwise expressly and specifically agreed to by the Borrowers in each specific instance to the extent securing Letters of Credit issued under this Agreement) are not Collateral for the Obligations);
 
(j)          bankers’ Liens, rights of setoff and other similar Liens existing solely with respect to cash and Cash Equivalents on deposit in one or more deposit, securities and/or other similar accounts maintained by any Company, in each case granted in the ordinary course of business in favor of the bank or banks with which such accounts are maintained, securing amounts owing to such bank with respect to cash management, depository, treasury, and operating account arrangements, including those involving pooled accounts and netting arrangements;
 
(k)          Liens on property of a person or assets existing at the time such person or assets are acquired or merged with or into or consolidated with any Company to the extent permitted hereunder (and not created in anticipation or contemplation thereof); provided that such Liens do not extend to property not subject to such Liens at the time of acquisition (other than improvements and accessions thereon);
 
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(l)          (i) Liens granted pursuant to the Security Documents to secure the Secured Obligations; and (ii) any Lien granted to secure any Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness in respect of the Secured Obligations, any Incremental Revolving Loans and Incremental Revolving Commitments, and any Refinancing Revolving Loans or Refinancing Loan Commitments;
 
(m)       licenses of intellectual property (including Intellectual Property) granted by any Company in the ordinary course of business and not interfering in any material respect with the ordinary conduct of business of the Companies;
 
(n)         the filing of UCC financing statements solely as a precautionary measure in connection with Indebtedness and other obligations permitted to be incurred under this Agreement or the filing of UCC financing statements in connection with the Off-Take Agreements or the Oil Supply Agreements; provided, that, to the extent constituting Financing Oil Supply Agreements, Financing Off-Take Agreements, or to the extent such Oil Supply Agreements or Off-Take Agreements pertain to Intermediate Products, and to the extent reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent, any such agreement is subject to an Intercreditor Agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent;
 
(o)          (i) Liens on cash and Cash Equivalents securing obligations with respect to Commodity Hedging Agreements with any Person and (ii) Liens on cash and Cash Equivalents securing letters of credit permitted under Section 6.01(z);
 
(p)       Liens on Intermediate Products; provided, that such Liens are subject to an Intercreditor Agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent;
 
(q)         Liens securing Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness incurred to refinance Indebtedness that was previously so secured as long as such Lien does not encumber any property other than the property secured by the Indebtedness so refinanced and improvements, replacements, proceeds or accessions thereto;
 
(r)           Liens securing Indebtedness permitted by Section 6.01(v);
 
(s)          Liens securing Off-Take Agreements; provided, that such Liens are subject, to the extent reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent, to an Intercreditor Agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent;
 
(t)          Liens securing Indebtedness incurred with respect to Commodity Hedging Agreements to be secured on a pari passu basis with (or on a junior basis to) the Liens granted pursuant to the Security Documents to secure the Secured Obligations;
 
(u)        Liens incurred in the ordinary course of business of any Company with respect to obligations that do not at any time outstanding in the aggregate exceed $25,000,000 solely in respect of non-Revolving Credit Priority Collateral;
 
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(v)        Liens in favor of customs and revenue authorities arising as a matter of law to secure payment of customs duties in connection with the importation of goods in the ordinary course of business;
 
(w)       Liens (i) on cash advances in favor of the seller of any property to be acquired as part of a Permitted Acquisition or (ii) consisting of an agreement to dispose of any property in an Asset Sale or other disposition of assets permitted hereunder, in each case, solely to the extent such Permitted Acquisition, Asset Sale or other disposition of assets, as the case may be, would have been permitted on the date of the creation of such Lien;
 
(x)          Liens that are contractual rights of set-off relating to purchase orders and other agreements entered into with customers in the ordinary course of business;
 
(y)         Liens solely on any cash earnest money deposits made by the Borrowers or any of their respective Subsidiaries in connection with any letter of intent or purchase agreement permitted hereunder;
 
(z)          Liens placed upon the assets of such person and any of its Subsidiaries to secure Indebtedness (or to secure a guaranty of such Indebtedness) incurred pursuant to and in accordance with Section 6.01(m) in connection with such Permitted Acquisition and Liens on Equity Interests issued by an Excluded Subsidiary;
 
(aa)      Liens on specific items of inventory or other goods and the proceeds thereof securing such Person’s obligations in respect of storage arrangements, documentary letters of credit or banker’s acceptances issued or created for the account of such Person, in each case, to facilitate the purchase, shipment or storage of such inventory or goods;
 
(bb)        Liens on assets constituting Environmental and Necessary Capex securing Indebtedness permitted by Section 6.01(u);
 
(cc)        Liens on Certain Hydrocarbon Assets (including Certain Hydrocarbon Assets in the possession of any Certain Hydrocarbon Asset Supplier) in favor of any Certain Hydrocarbon Asset Supplier and/or an agent of any of the foregoing; provided, that such Liens are subject to an intercreditor agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent;
 
(dd)        Liens securing Indebtedness and other obligations permitted by Section 6.01(dd);
 
(ee)         Liens solely on Catalyst Assets securing Indebtedness permitted pursuant to Section 6.01(aa);
 
(ff)          [reserved];
 
(gg)        [reserved];
 
(hh)        Liens on assets (A) other than Revolving Credit Priority Collateral securing Indebtedness permitted by Section 6.01; provided, that, if a Lien is granted by any Loan Party or any Subsidiary of a Loan Party on any Real Property where Revolving Credit Priority Collateral is located with a value in excess of $15,000,000, at the request of the Administrative Agent, Borrowers shall use commercially reasonable efforts to deliver a collateral access agreement, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, executed by the holder of such Lien or (B) constituting Revolving Credit Priority Collateral securing High Yield Indebtedness; provided, that, the requirements of clause (iv) of the definition thereof are satisfied;
 
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(ii)          Liens securing judgments not constituting an Event of Default under Section 8.01(i);
 
(jj)          Liens consisting of cash collateral for letters of credit securing Indebtedness in the form of letters of credit permitted under Section 6.01(ee);
 
(kk)        Liens on assets of, or any Equity Interests issued by, any Mexican Entity securing Indebtedness permitted under Section 6.01(ff), including, without limitation, Liens on hydrocarbon Inventory and Accounts of a Mexican Entity; and
 
(ll)         other Liens not otherwise permitted in clauses (a) through (kk) above securing Indebtedness otherwise permitted hereunder in an aggregate amount not to exceed $75,000,000 at any time outstanding; provided, that no more than $20,000,000 of such Indebtedness may be secured by Liens on any of the Revolving Credit Priority Collateral.
 
Section 6.03        Sale and Leaseback Transactions.
 
Except for Sale and Leaseback Transactions (as hereinafter defined) with respect to (i) Catalyst Assets, (ii) Railcar Financings with respect to rail car and/or transportation assets existing on or after the Effective Date and (iii) other Sale and Leaseback Transactions, in the case of clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) to the extent permitted under Section 6.01 and Section 6.02, consummate any arrangement, directly or indirectly, with any person whereby it shall sell or transfer any property, real or personal, used or useful in its business, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, and thereafter rent or lease such property or other property which it intends to use for substantially the same purpose or purposes as the property being sold or transferred (a “Sale and Leaseback Transaction”) unless at the time of consummation of any such Sale and Leaseback Transaction, Excess Availability is greater than the Threshold Basket Amount.
 
Section 6.04         Investment, Loan, Advances and Acquisition.
 
Make any Investment, except that the following shall be permitted:
 
(a)          Any Asset Sale permitted under Section 6.06(a);
 
(b)       Investments outstanding on the Effective Date (which, solely to the extent in excess of $10,000,000 in the aggregate, are identified on Schedule 6.04(b));
 
(c)         the Companies may (i) acquire and hold accounts receivables owing to any of them if created or acquired in the ordinary course of business, (ii) invest in, acquire and hold cash and Cash Equivalents, (iii) endorse negotiable instruments held for collection in the ordinary course of business or (iv) make lease, utility and other similar deposits in the ordinary course of business;
 
(d)          Hedging Obligations incurred pursuant to Section 6.01(c);
 
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(e)       loans and advances to directors, employees and officers of Borrowers and the Subsidiaries for bona fide business purposes (including customary business-related travel, entertainment, relocation and analogous ordinary business purposes) and to purchase Equity Interests of Parent, in an aggregate amount not to exceed $5,000,000 at any time outstanding and advances of payroll payments to employees in the ordinary course of business;
 
(f)          Investments by any Company in any Borrower or any existing Subsidiary Guarantor; provided that any Investment by or in a Loan Party in the form of a loan or advance shall be pledged by such Loan Party as Collateral pursuant to the Security Documents;
 
(g)         Investments in securities of trade creditors or customers in the ordinary course of business received upon foreclosure or settlement or pursuant to any plan of reorganization or liquidation or similar arrangement upon the bankruptcy or insolvency of such trade creditors or customers;
 
(h)          Permitted Acquisitions;
 
(i)           mergers and consolidations in compliance with Section 6.05;
 
(j)          Investments made by Borrowers or any Subsidiary Guarantor as a result of consideration received in connection with an Asset Sale or other disposition of assets in compliance with Section 6.06;
 
(k)         Capital Expenditures made by Borrowers or any Subsidiary Guarantor on behalf of itself or of another Loan Party or as would otherwise be permitted pursuant to Section 6.04(f);
 
(l)           to the extent constituting Investments, purchases and other acquisitions of inventory, materials, equipment and other tangible property in the ordinary course of business;
 
(m)         leases or sub-leases of real or personal that are not in violation of the Loan Documents;
 
(n)         other Investments, provided, that after giving effect to any such Investment, (I) either (a) Pro Forma Excess Availability shall be greater than the Threshold Basket Amount or (b) (x) Pro Forma Excess Availability shall be greater than the Threshold Amount (but in no event less than $150,000,000) and (y) Borrowers shall be in compliance with the financial covenant set forth in Section 6.09(a) on a pro forma basis after giving effect to such Investment and (II) no Event of Default (or, at the election of the Administrative Borrower, (x) at the time of the approval of such Investment or the execution of the related Acquisition Agreement, no Default or Event of Default and (y) at the time such Investment is made or such Permitted Acquisition closes, no Specified Event of Default) shall have occurred or shall result therefrom;
 
(o)      to the extent constituting Investments, such Investments resulting from Liens, Indebtedness, fundamental changes, Asset Sales, other dispositions of assets and Dividends expressly permitted under another section of this Article VI;
 
(p)         Investments to the extent that payment for such Investments is made with Equity Interests of Parent (or any direct or indirect parent of Parent);
 
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(q)        Investments that are held at the time of the acquisition thereof by a Subsidiary acquired after the Effective Date (and not made in contemplation of such acquisition) or of a person merged with or consolidated with any Company in accordance with Section 6.05 after the Effective Date to the extent that such Investments were not made in contemplation of or in connection with such acquisition, merger or consolidation and were in existence on the date of such acquisition, merger or consolidation;
 
(r)           other Investments not otherwise permitted by this Section 6.04 in an amount not to exceed the greater of (i) $20,000,000 and (ii) 5% of Total Assets (as determined on the date of consummation of such Investment) at any time outstanding;
 
(s)          Investments made in cash in any Person that is engaged in the business permitted to be engaged by the Borrowers pursuant to Section 6.12, provided that immediately after giving effect to such Investment, Pro Forma Excess Availability shall be greater than the Threshold Basket Amount;
 
(t)          Investments consisting of any modification, replacement, renewal, reinvestment or extension of any Investment existing on the Effective Date to the extent the amount of any such Investment under this Section 6.04(t) is not in excess of the amount of such Investment as of the Effective Date except as otherwise permitted by this Section 6.04;
 
(u)        Investments by an Excluded Subsidiary entered into prior to the day such Excluded Subsidiary is redesignated as a Subsidiary Guarantor; provided that such Investments were not incurred in contemplation of such redesignation; or
 
(v)         Investments (if any) made in any Person which is an Affiliate of a Loan Party holding MLP Drop Down and Railcar Assets resulting from the contribution, transfer or other disposition of any such MLP Drop Down and Railcar Assets.
 
An Investment shall be deemed to be outstanding to the extent not returned in the same form as the original Investment or in cash or Cash Equivalents to Borrowers or any Subsidiary Guarantor, as applicable. For the avoidance of doubt, any Investment made by a Loan Party in, or for the benefit of, an Excluded Subsidiary shall constitute an Investment hereunder and be subject to the provisions of this Section 6.04 and any Investment made by an Excluded Subsidiary is not subject to the provisions of this Section 6.04.
 
Section 6.05         Mergers and Consolidations.
 
Wind up, liquidate or dissolve its affairs, consummate a Division or consummate any transaction of merger or consolidation, except that the following shall be permitted:
 
(a)          [Reserved];
 
(b)          Asset Sales, Divisions, and other dispositions of assets in compliance with Section 6.06;
 
(c)          acquisitions and other Investments in compliance with Section 6.04;

(d)          any Company may merge or consolidate with or into a Borrower or any Subsidiary Guarantor (as long as a Borrower is the surviving person in the case of any merger or consolidation involving a Borrower and a Subsidiary Guarantor is the surviving person and remains a Wholly Owned Subsidiary of Holdings in any other case); provided that the Lien in such property constituting Collateral granted or to be granted in favor of the Administrative Agent under the Security Documents shall be maintained or created in accordance with the provisions of Section 5.10 or Section 5.11, as applicable;
 
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(e)          any Subsidiary Guarantor may dissolve, liquidate or wind up its affairs at any time; provided that such dissolution, liquidation or winding up, as applicable, is not reasonably expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and
 
(f)          any Subsidiary Guarantor may consummate a Division as the Dividing Person if, immediately upon the consummation of the Division, the assets of the applicable dividing person are held by one or more Subsidiary Guarantors at such time (or an Excluded Subsidiary to the extent otherwise in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents).
 
Any reference in this Section 6.05 to a combination, merger, disposition, dissolution, liquidation or transfer shall be deemed to apply to a Division (or the unwinding of a Division) as if it were a combination, merger, consolidation, disposition, dissolution, transfer or similar term, as applicable, to or with a separate Person).
 
To the extent the Required Lenders or all the Lenders, as applicable, waive the provisions of this Section 6.05 with respect to the conveyance, sale, assignment, transfer or other disposition of any Collateral, or any Collateral is conveyed, sold, assigned, transferred or disposed of as permitted by this Section 6.05 or any other express term and condition of any Loan Document, such Collateral (unless sold to a Loan Party) shall be sold free and clear of the Liens created by the Security Documents.
 
Section 6.06         Asset Sales.
 
(a)          Consummate:
 
(i)          any Asset Sale of all, substantially all, and/or, except in each case to the extent permitted by Section 6.06(b), any portion of the assets of the Paulsboro Facility, the DCR Facility, the Toledo Facility, the Chalmette Facility or the Torrance Facility (or all or substantially all of the Equity Interests in Paulsboro, Delaware City, Toledo, Chalmette or Torrance, in which event the applicable entity would cease to be a Borrower); provided, however, any such Asset Sale shall be permitted as long as (x) neither Standard & Poor’s Ratings Group nor Moody’s Investors Service Inc. downgrades the Index Debt Rating (as defined on Annex I hereto) in existence immediately prior to the announcement of any such Asset Sale as a result of any such Asset Sale to any level below BB- / Ba3 (provided to the extent that one of the Index Debt Ratings is below such level and the other is not, this requirement shall be deemed to be satisfied), and (y) after giving effect to such Asset Sale, Pro Forma Excess Availability shall be greater than the Threshold Amount; or
 
(ii)        any sale of Designated Accounts Receivable unless (i) each such sale is a Permitted Receivables Sale, (ii) each such sale shall be consummated only upon the receipt by Holdings of the cash purchase price therefore paid into the Receivables Collection Account and (iii) the Receivables Purchase End Period shall not have occurred and be continuing. Beginning with and at all times during the Receivables Purchase End Period, Holdings shall not sell or transfer, any Designated Accounts Receivable not previously purchased or sold prior to the Receivables Purchase End Period.
 
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(b)        At any time when Excess Availability is below the Threshold Basket Amount after giving effect to such Asset Sale on a pro forma basis, consummate any Asset Sale other than:
 
(i)         disposition of used, worn out, damaged, obsolete or surplus property by any Company in the ordinary course of business and the abandonment or other disposition of intellectual property (including Intellectual Property) that is, in the reasonable judgment of Borrowers, no longer commercially desirable to maintain or useful in the conduct of the business of the Companies taken as a whole;
 
(ii)          leases of real or personal property in the ordinary course of business and not in violation of the Loan Documents;
 
(iii)         [Reserved];
 
(iv)         mergers and consolidations in compliance with Section 6.05;
 
(v)          Investments in compliance with Section 6.04;
 
(vi)         Asset Sales in connection with Sale and Leaseback Transactions permitted under Section 6.03; and
 
(vii)       other Asset Sales at fair market value; provided that, (i) at the time of such Asset Sale (other than any such Asset Sale made pursuant to a legally binding commitment entered into at a time when no Default exists), no Default shall exist or would result from such Asset Sale, (ii) at the time of such Asset Sale, both before and after giving effect thereto, Excess Availability shall be greater than the Threshold Basket Amount and (iii) at least 75% of the purchase price for all property subject to such Asset Sale shall be paid solely in cash and Cash Equivalents, it being understood that notes and other property convertible into cash within 90 days after the date of receipt shall be considered cash for purposes of this Section 6.06(b);
 
(viii)       dispositions of immaterial, damaged, surplus or obsolete assets in the ordinary course of business;
 
(ix)        dispositions of property to the extent that (i) such property is exchanged for credit against the purchase price of similar replacement property that is promptly purchased or (ii) the proceeds of such disposition are promptly applied to the purchase price of such replacement property (which replacement property is actually promptly purchased);
 
(x)          to the extent Asset Sales, transactions permitted by Sections 6.03, 6.05 and 6.07;
 
(xi)         Asset Sales of Cash Equivalents;
 
(xii)        leases, subleases, licenses or sublicenses, that do not materially interfere with the business of the Companies, taken as a whole;
 
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(xiii)       transfers of property subject to Casualty Events upon receipt of the Net Cash Proceeds of such Casualty Event;
 
(xiv)      Asset Sales of property not otherwise permitted under this Section 6.06; provided that (i) at the time of such Asset Sale (other than any such Asset Sale made pursuant to a legally binding commitment entered into at a time when no Event of Default exists), no Event of Default shall exist or would result from such Asset Sale, and (ii) the aggregate fair market value of all property disposed of in reliance on this clause (xiv) on or after the Effective Date shall not exceed the sum of (a) $100,000,000 plus (b) commencing with the calendar year in which the Original Effective Date occurs, $50,000,000 per calendar year (with any unused amount in any calendar year being carried over to the succeeding calendar years until used).
 
(xv)        Asset Sales of Investments in joint ventures to the extent required by, or made pursuant to customary buy/sell arrangements between, the joint venture parties set forth in joint venture arrangements and similar binding arrangements;
 
(xvi)      to the extent, if any, constituting an Asset Sale, Asset Sales of accounts receivable or notes receivable in the ordinary course of business in connection with the collection or compromise thereof;
 
(xvii)      any issuance or sale of Equity Interests in, or Indebtedness or other securities of, an Excluded Subsidiary;
 
(xviii)     the unwinding of any Hedging Agreement pursuant to its terms; and
 
(xix)       Asset Sales of any MLP Drop Down and Railcar Assets to any Affiliate of a Loan Party.
 
To the extent the Required Lenders or all the Lenders, as applicable, waive the provisions of this Section 6.06 with respect to the sale of any Collateral, or any Collateral is sold as permitted by this Section 6.06, such Collateral (unless sold to a Loan Party) shall be sold free and clear of the Liens created by the Security Documents.
 
Section 6.07        Dividends.
 
Authorize, declare or pay, directly or indirectly, any Dividends, except that the following shall be permitted:
 
(a)          Dividends by any Company to Borrowers or any Subsidiary Guarantor that is a Subsidiary of any Borrower;
 
(b)          payments to Parent (or any direct or indirect parent company thereof) to permit Parent (or any direct or indirect parent company thereof), and the subsequent use of such payments by Parent (or any direct or indirect parent company thereof), to repurchase or redeem Qualified Capital Stock of Parent (or any direct or indirect parent company thereof) held by officers, directors or employees or former officers, directors or employees (or their transferees, estates or beneficiaries under their estates) of any Company, upon their death, disability, retirement, severance, resignation or termination of employment or service or pursuant to any employee or directors’ and/or officers’ equity or stock compensation plan; provided that the aggregate cash consideration paid for all such redemptions and payments shall not exceed, in any fiscal year, $20,000,000 (and up to 100% of such $20,000,000 not used in any fiscal year may be carried forward to the next succeeding (but no other) fiscal year).
 
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(c)          (A) to the extent actually used by Holdings to pay such taxes, costs and expenses, payments by Borrowers to or on behalf of Holdings in an amount sufficient to pay franchise taxes and other fees required to maintain the legal existence of Holdings and (B) payments by Borrowers to or on behalf of Holdings in an amount sufficient to pay out-of-pocket legal, accounting and filing costs and other expenses in the nature of overhead in the ordinary course of business of Holdings;
 
(d)          any Dividends, provided, that after giving effect to any such Dividend, (I) either (a) Pro Forma Excess Availability shall be greater than the Threshold Basket Amount or (b) (x) Pro Forma Excess Availability shall be greater than 15% of the Line Cap (but in no event less than $185,000,000) and (y) Borrowers shall be in compliance with the financial covenant set forth in Section 6.09(a) on a pro forma basis after giving effect to such Dividend, and (II) no Event of Default shall have occurred or shall result therefrom;
 
(e)           Permitted Tax Distributions;
 
(f)           (i) Parent may purchase or redeem in whole or in part any of its Equity Interests for another class of Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Capital Stock) or rights to acquire its Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Capital Stock) or with proceeds from substantially concurrent equity contributions or issuances of new Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Capital Stock); provided that any terms and provisions material to the interests of the Lenders, when taken as a whole, contained in such other class of Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Capital Stock) are no less favorable to the Lenders as those contained in the Equity Interests redeemed thereby and (ii) the Borrowers and each Subsidiary may declare and make dividend payments or other distributions payable solely in the Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Capital Stock) of such Person;
 
(g)          to the extent contributed to Holdings or any other Borrower, the Net Cash Proceeds from the sale of Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Capital Stock) of Parent and, to the extent contributed to Holdings or any other Borrower, Equity Interests of any of Parent’s direct or indirect parent companies, in each case, to members of management, directors or consultants of Holdings, any other Borrower or any of their Subsidiaries;
 
(h)           Holdings and the Borrowers may make Dividends to any direct or indirect parent of Holdings, the proceeds of which shall be used to pay:
 
(i)        its operating costs and expenses incurred in the ordinary course of business and other corporate overhead costs and expenses (including administrative, legal, accounting and similar expenses provided by third parties), which are reasonable and customary and incurred in the ordinary course of business, attributable to the ownership or operations of Holdings, the Borrowers and their respective Subsidiaries (including any reasonable and customary indemnification claims made by directors or officers of any direct or indirect parent of Holdings and the Borrowers attributable to the ownership or operations of Holdings, the Borrowers and their respective Subsidiaries);
 
(ii)          customary costs, fees and expenses related to any unsuccessful equity or debt offering permitted by this Agreement; and/or
 
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(iii)        the proceeds of which shall be used to pay customary salary, bonus and other benefits payable to officers and employees of any direct or indirect parent company of Holdings and the Borrowers to the extent such salaries, bonuses and other benefits are attributable to the ownership or operation of Holdings, the Borrowers and their respective Subsidiaries;
 
(i)         Parent may pay cash in lieu of fractional Equity Interests in connection with any dividend, split or combination thereof or any Permitted Acquisition;
 
(j)         the declaration and payment of dividends to Parent (or any direct or indirect parent company thereof) to permit Parent (or any direct or indirect parent company thereof), and the subsequent use of such payments by Parent (or any direct or indirect parent company thereof), to declare and pay dividends on Parent’s common Equity Interests in an aggregate amount per annum not to exceed $150,000,000; and
 
(k)         any Dividend paid within 90 days after the date of declaration of such Dividend, if at the date of declaration, the Dividend payment would have complied with the provisions of this Section 6.07.
 
Section 6.08        Transactions with Affiliates.
 
Enter into, directly or indirectly, any transaction or series of related transactions, whether or not in the ordinary course of business, with any Affiliate of any Company (other than between or among Borrowers and any Loan Party), other than any transaction or series of related transactions on terms and conditions (taken on a whole) at least as favorable to such Company as would reasonably be obtained by such Company at that time in a comparable arm’s-length transaction with a person other than an Affiliate, except that the following shall be permitted:
 
(a)          Dividends permitted by Section 6.07;
 
(b)          Investments permitted by Sections 6.04(e), (f) or (v); and any transactions permitted by Sections 6.04(v) or 6.06(b)(xix);
 
(c)         reasonable and customary director, officer and employee compensation (including bonuses) and other benefits (including retirement, health, stock option and other benefit plans) and indemnification arrangements, in each case approved by the Board of Directors of Holdings or such other Borrower;
 
(d)         transactions with customers, clients, suppliers, joint venture partners or purchasers or sellers of goods and services, in each case in the ordinary course of business and otherwise not prohibited by the Loan Documents;
 
(e)         sales of Qualified Capital Stock of Parent (or any direct or indirect parent company thereof) to Affiliates of Borrowers not otherwise prohibited by the Loan Documents and the granting of registration and other customary rights in connection therewith;
 
(f)          any transaction with an Affiliate where the only consideration paid by any Loan Party is Qualified Capital Stock of Parent (or any Equity Interests of any direct or indirect parent company thereof);
 
(g)           [Reserved];
 
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(h)          transactions with any person that becomes a Loan Party as a result of such transaction;
 
(i)          the issuance of Equity Interests to any officer, director, employee or consultant of the Companies or any direct or indirect parent of Holdings or the Borrowers;
 
(j)           Investments, loans and other transactions by Holdings, the Borrowers and the Subsidiaries to the extent permitted under this Article VI;
 
(k)          employment and severance arrangements between any of the Companies and their respective officers and employees in the ordinary course of business and transactions pursuant to stock option plans and employee benefit plans and arrangements;
 
(l)           (i) customary service agreements by and among any of the Companies and any of their Affiliates and (ii) payments by any of the Companies (and any direct or indirect parent thereof) pursuant to any tax sharing agreements on customary terms to the extent attributable to the ownership or operation of the Companies;
 
(m)       the payment of customary fees and reasonable out-of-pocket costs to, and indemnities provided on behalf of, current and former directors, officers, employees and consultants of any of the Companies or any direct or indirect parent of the Companies in the ordinary course of business to the extent attributable to the ownership or operation of the Companies; and
 
(n)          transactions pursuant to permitted agreements in existence on the Effective Date (and set forth on Schedule 6.08) or any amendment thereto to the extent such an amendment is not adverse to the interests of the Lenders in any material respect.
 
Section 6.09        Financial Covenant.
 
(a)          Minimum Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio. During the Revolving Availability Period, at any time when Excess Availability is less than, at any time, the greater of (i) the Financial Covenant Testing Amount and (ii) $100,000,000, and until such time as Excess Availability is greater than the Financial Covenant Testing Amount and $100,000,000 for a period of twelve (12) or more consecutive days, permit the Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, as of the last day of the most recently ended Test Period, to be less than 1.0 to 1.0 (“Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio”).
 
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(b)        Right to Cure Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio. For purposes of determining compliance with the Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio set forth in Section 6.09(a), any Net Cash Proceeds from the issuance of Qualified Capital Stock by Holdings that has been contributed to Holdings as common equity or other equity on terms and conditions reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent on or prior to the day that is five (5) Business Days (the “Last Cure Date”) after the day on which financial statements are required to be delivered for a fiscal quarter will, at the request of the Administrative Borrower, be included in the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA for such fiscal quarter for the purposes of determining compliance with such financial covenant for the Test Period as at the end of such fiscal quarter and any applicable subsequent Test Periods that include such fiscal quarter (any such equity contribution so included in the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA, a “Specified Equity Contribution”), provided that (i) in each 4 fiscal quarter period, there shall be at least two (2) fiscal quarters in respect of which no Specified Equity Contribution is made, (ii) the amount of any Specified Equity Contribution shall be no greater than 120% of the amount required to cause the Loan Parties to be in compliance with the financial covenant set forth in Section 6.09(a), (iii) all Specified Equity Contributions shall be disregarded for purposes of determining any baskets, tests, or pro forma tests, with respect to the covenants contained in any applicable Loan Documents, (iv) to the extent such Net Cash Proceeds are applied in prepayment of the Revolving Commitments following the last day of the relevant fiscal quarter and on or prior to the Last Cure Date, the Net Cash Proceeds shall be deducted when calculated net indebtedness for purposes of determining compliance with the covenant set forth in Section 6.09(a) and (v) until the timely receipt of the applicable Specified Equity Contribution in accordance with the foregoing, (x) the Administrative Agent and the Lenders shall have no obligation to make Revolving Loans or other Credit Extensions under this Agreement and (y) the Administrative Agent and the Lenders shall not be permitted to accelerate Revolving Loans held by them or to exercise remedies against the Collateral, unless the failure to be in compliance with the financial covenant set forth in Section 6.09(a) is not timely cured pursuant to the exercise of the cure right in accordance with this Section 6.09(b).
 
Section 6.10        Prepayments of Other Indebtedness; Modifications of Organizational Documents and Other Documents, etc.
 
Directly or indirectly:
 
(a)         make any payment or prepayment of principal on or redemption or acquisition for value of, or any prepayment or redemption as a result of any asset sale, change of control or similar event of (collectively, a “Subordinated Debt Payment”), any Indebtedness outstanding under any Subordinated Indebtedness, except (i) any payment of principal at scheduled maturity; (ii) any payment or prepayment resulting from a refunding, replacement or defeasance refinancing permitted by Section 6.01; (iii) any payment to the extent made with the proceeds of Qualified Capital Stock of Parent; (iv) prepayments or redemptions of Indebtedness outstanding under any Subordinated Indebtedness under this clause (iv); provided, that both before and after giving effect to such prepayment or redemption (I) either (A) Pro Forma Excess Availability shall be greater than the Threshold Basket Amount or (B) (x) Pro Forma Excess Availability shall be greater than 15% of the Line Cap, but in no event less than $185,000,000, and (y) the Loan Parties shall be in compliance on a Pro Forma Basis with the covenant set forth in Section 6.09(a) at such time, and (II) no Event of Default shall have occurred or shall result therefrom; (v) Subordinated Debt Payments in the form of Equity Interests of Parent, or resulting from the conversion of such Subordinated Indebtedness to Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Capital Stock) of Parent; and (vi) Subordinated Debt Payments with the Net Cash Proceeds of any Equity Issuances for the purpose of making such Subordinated Debt Payment; or
 
(b)      terminate, amend or modify, or permit the termination, amendment or modification of, any provision of (i) any document governing Subordinated Indebtedness, or (ii) any Organizational Document of any Company (it being agreed that changes that are not adverse to the material interests of the Lenders in their capacities as such shall not be subject to this clause (b)(ii)).
 
Section 6.11         Limitation on Certain Restrictions on Subsidiary Guarantors.

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Create or otherwise cause or suffer to exist or become effective any encumbrance or restriction on the ability of any Subsidiary Guarantor to (a) pay dividends or make any other distributions on its capital stock or any other interest or participation in its profits owned by Borrowers or any Subsidiary Guarantor, or pay any Indebtedness owed to Borrowers or a Subsidiary Guarantor, (b) make loans or advances to Borrowers or any Subsidiary Guarantor or (c) transfer any of its properties to Borrowers or any Subsidiary Guarantor, except for such encumbrances or restrictions existing under or by reason of (i) applicable Requirements of Law; (ii) this Agreement and the other Loan Documents; (iii) [Reserved]; (iv) customary provisions restricting subletting or assignment of any lease governing a leasehold interest of a Subsidiary Guarantor; (v) customary provisions restricting assignment of any agreement entered into by a Subsidiary Guarantor in the ordinary course of business; (vi) customary restrictions and conditions contained in any agreement relating to the sale of any property permitted under Section 6.06 pending the consummation of such sale; (vii) any agreement in effect at the time such Subsidiary becomes a Subsidiary Guarantor of Borrowers, so long as such agreement was not entered into in connection with or in contemplation of such person becoming a Subsidiary Guarantor of Borrowers; (viii) any instrument governing Indebtedness assumed in connection with any Permitted Acquisition, which encumbrance or restriction is not applicable to any person, or the properties or assets of any person, other than the person or the properties or assets of the person so acquired; (ix) any Permitted Liens in respect of assets subject thereto; (x) restrictions that exist on the Effective Date and, to extent set forth in an agreement evidencing Indebtedness, restrictions set forth in any agreement evidencing any permitted renewal, extension or refinancing of such Indebtedness so long as such renewal, extension or refinancing does not expand the scope of such obligation; (xi) customary provisions in any industrial revenue bond, industrial development bond, tax exempt bond, pollution control bond, project financing and/or or similar financings (xii) customary provisions in joint venture agreements and other similar agreements or written arrangements applicable to joint ventures permitted hereunder and applicable solely to such joint venture; (xiii) customary restrictions on leases, subleases, licenses, asset sale or similar agreements, including with respect to intellectual property and other similar agreements, otherwise permitted hereby so long as such restrictions relate to the assets subject thereto; (xiv) customary provisions restricting subletting or assignment of any lease governing a leasehold interest of any Company; (xv) customary provisions restricting assignment of any agreement; (xvi) restrictions on cash or other deposits imposed by customers under contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business or otherwise permitted hereunder; (xvii) the Oil Supply Agreements and/or the Off-Take Agreements; (xviii) obligations under any Hedging Agreements; (xix) customary provisions restricting assignment of any agreement entered into in connection with a Sale and Leaseback Transaction permitted under Section 6.03 or (xx) the indenture and other operative documents for the High Yield Indebtedness or Indebtedness permitted under Sections 6.01(e), (r), (s), (u), (v), (aa), (bb), (cc), and (dd) and any Permitted Refinancing Indebtedness thereof.
 
Section 6.12        Business.
 
With respect to Holdings, Paulsboro, Delaware City, Toledo, Chalmette, Torrance and the other (direct or indirect) Subsidiaries of Holdings, engage (directly or indirectly) in any material line of business which is substantially different from those lines of business conducted on the Effective Date or any business reasonably related, complementary, synergistic or ancillary thereto or reasonable extensions` thereof (including any geographic expansion of the business).
 
Section 6.13        Fiscal Year.
 
Change its fiscal year-end to a date other than December 31.
 
Section 6.14        Compliance with Anti-Terrorism Laws.
 
(a)          Directly or indirectly, in connection with the Loans, knowingly (i) conduct any business or engage in making or receiving any contribution of funds, goods or services to or for the benefit of any Embargoed Person, (ii) deal in, or otherwise engage in any transaction relating to, any property or interests in property blocked pursuant to any Anti-Terrorism Law or (iii) engage in or conspire to engage in any transaction that evades or avoids, or has the purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to violate, any of the prohibitions set forth in any Anti-Terrorism Law.
 
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(b)          Directly or indirectly, in connection with the Loans, knowingly cause or permit any of the funds of such Loan Party that are used to repay the Loans to be derived from any unlawful activity with the result that the making of the Loans would be in violation of any Anti-Terrorism Law.
 
(c)          Knowingly cause or permit (i) an Embargoed Person to have any direct or indirect interest in or benefit of any nature whatsoever in the Loan Parties or (ii) any of the funds or properties of the Loan Parties that are used to repay the Loans to constitute property of, or be beneficially owned directly or indirectly by, an Embargoed Person.
 
(d)          The Loan Parties shall deliver to the Lenders any certification or other evidence requested from time to time by any Lender in its reasonable discretion, confirming the Loan Parties’ compliance with this Section 6.14.
 
ARTICLE VII

GUARANTEE
 
Section 7.01         The Guarantee.
 
The Loan Parties hereby jointly and severally guarantee, as a primary obligor and not as a surety to each Secured Party and their respective successors and assigns, the prompt payment in full when due (whether at stated maturity, by required prepayment, declaration, demand, by acceleration or otherwise) of the principal of and interest on (including any interest, fees, costs or charges that would accrue but for the provisions of the Title 11 of the United States Code after any bankruptcy or insolvency petition under Title 11 of the United States Code) the Loans made by the Lenders to, and the Notes held by each Lender of, Borrowers, and all other Secured Obligations from time to time owing to the Secured Parties by any Loan Party under any Loan Document or any Hedging Agreement or Treasury Services Agreement entered into with a counterparty that is a Secured Party to the extent designated by the Borrowers as a “Guaranteed Obligation”, in each case strictly in accordance with the terms thereof; provided, however, that notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement or in any other Loan Document, “Guaranteed Obligations” of any Loan Party will not include in any event its Excluded Swap Obligations (such obligations (other than such Excluded Swap Obligations) being herein collectively called the “Guaranteed Obligations”). The Loan Parties hereby jointly and severally agree that if Borrowers or other Loan Party(ies) shall fail to pay in full when due (whether at stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise) any of the Guaranteed Obligations, the Loan Parties will promptly pay the same in cash, without any demand or notice whatsoever, and that in the case of any extension of time of payment or renewal of any of the Guaranteed Obligations, the same will be promptly paid in full when due (whether at extended maturity, by acceleration or otherwise) in accordance with the terms of such extension or renewal.
 
Section 7.02         Obligations Unconditional.
 
The obligations of the Loan Parties under Section 7.01 shall constitute a guaranty of payment and to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Requirements of Law, are absolute, irrevocable and unconditional, joint and several, irrespective of the value, genuineness, validity, regularity or enforceability of the Guaranteed Obligations of Borrowers under this Agreement, the Notes, if any, or any other agreement or instrument referred to herein or therein, or any substitution, release or exchange of any other guarantee of or security for any of the Guaranteed Obligations, and, irrespective of any other circumstance whatsoever that might otherwise constitute a legal or equitable discharge or defense of a surety or Loan Party (except for payment in full or an amendment or waiver adopted in accordance with Section 10.02 or any other express provision set forth in a Loan Document). Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, it is agreed that the occurrence of any one or more of the following shall not alter or impair the liability of the Loan Parties hereunder which shall remain absolute, irrevocable and unconditional under any and all circumstances as described above:
 
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(i)         at any time or from time to time, without notice to the Loan Parties, the time for any performance of or compliance with any of the Guaranteed Obligations shall be extended, or such performance or compliance shall be waived;
 
(ii)        any of the acts mentioned in any of the provisions of this Agreement or the Notes, if any, or any other agreement or instrument referred to herein or therein shall be done or omitted;
 
(iii)        the maturity of any of the Guaranteed Obligations shall be accelerated, or any of the Guaranteed Obligations shall be amended in any respect, or any right under the Loan Documents or any other agreement or instrument referred to herein or therein shall be amended or waived in any respect or any other guarantee of any of the Guaranteed Obligations or any security therefor shall be released or exchanged in whole or in part or otherwise dealt with;
 
(iv)        any Lien or security interest granted to, or in favor of, any Issuing Bank or any Lender or Agent as security for any of the Guaranteed Obligations shall fail to be perfected; or
 
(v)          the release of any other Loan Party pursuant to Section 7.09, Section 10.02 or Section 10.16.
 
The Loan Parties hereby expressly waive diligence, presentment, demand of payment, protest and all notices whatsoever, and any requirement that any Secured Party exhaust any right, power or remedy or proceed against Borrowers under this Agreement or the Notes, if any, or any other agreement or instrument referred to herein or therein, or against any other person under any other guarantee of, or security for, any of the Guaranteed Obligations. The Loan Parties waive any and all notice of the creation, renewal, extension, waiver, termination or accrual of any of the Guaranteed Obligations and notice of or proof of reliance by any Secured Party upon this Guarantee or acceptance of this Guarantee, and the Guaranteed Obligations, and any of them, shall conclusively be deemed to have been created, contracted or incurred in reliance upon this Guarantee, and all dealings between Borrowers and the Secured Parties shall likewise be conclusively presumed to have been had or consummated in reliance upon this Guarantee. This Guarantee shall be construed as a continuing, absolute, irrevocable and unconditional guarantee of payment without regard to any right of offset with respect to the Guaranteed Obligations at any time or from time to time held by Secured Parties, and the obligations and liabilities of the Loan Parties hereunder shall not be conditioned or contingent upon the pursuit by the Secured Parties or any other person at any time of any right or remedy against Borrowers or against any other person which may be or become liable in respect of all or any part of the Guaranteed Obligations or against any collateral security or guarantee therefor or right of offset with respect thereto. This Guarantee shall remain in full force and effect and be binding in accordance with and to the extent of its terms upon the Loan Parties and the successors and assigns thereof, and shall inure to the benefit of the Lenders, and their respective successors and assigns, notwithstanding that from time to time during the term of this Agreement there may be no Guaranteed Obligations outstanding until Payment in Full thereof (other than any amendment or waiver adopted in accordance with Section 10.02 or any other express provision set forth in a Loan Document).
 
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Section 7.03         Reinstatement.
 
The obligations of the Loan Parties under this Article VII shall be automatically reinstated if and to the extent that for any reason any payment by or on behalf of Borrowers or other Loan Party in respect of the Guaranteed Obligations is rescinded or must be otherwise restored by any holder of any of the Guaranteed Obligations, whether as a result of any proceedings in bankruptcy or reorganization or otherwise.
 
Section 7.04        Subrogation; Subordination.
 
Each Loan Party hereby agrees that, until the Payment in Full of all Guaranteed Obligations, it shall waive any claim and shall not exercise any right or remedy, direct or indirect, arising by reason of any performance by it of its guarantee in Section 7.01, whether by subrogation or otherwise, against Borrowers or any other Loan Party of any of the Guaranteed Obligations or any security for any of the Guaranteed Obligations. Any Indebtedness of any Loan Party permitted pursuant to Section 6.01(d) shall be subordinated to such Loan Party’s Secured Obligations in the manner set forth in the Intercompany Note evidencing such Indebtedness.
 
Section 7.05        Remedies.
 
Subject to the terms of any applicable Intercreditor Agreement, the Loan Parties jointly and severally agree that, as between the Loan Parties and the Lenders, the obligations of Borrowers under this Agreement and the Notes, if any, may be declared to be forthwith due and payable as provided in Section 8.01 (and shall be deemed to have become automatically due and payable in the circumstances provided in Section 8.01) for purposes of Section 7.01, notwithstanding any stay, injunction or other prohibition preventing such declaration (or such obligations from becoming automatically due and payable) as against Borrowers and that, in the event of such declaration (or such obligations being deemed to have become automatically due and payable), such obligations (whether or not due and payable by Borrowers) shall forthwith become due and payable by the Loan Parties for purposes of Section 7.01.
 
Section 7.06         Instrument for the Payment of Money.
 
Each Loan Party hereby acknowledges that the guarantee in this Article VII constitutes an instrument for the payment of money, and consents and agrees that any Lender or Agent, at its sole option, in the event of a dispute by such Loan Party in the payment of any moneys due hereunder, shall have the right to bring a motion-action under New York CPLR Section 3213.
 
Section 7.07         Continuing Guarantee.
 
The guarantee in this Article VII is a continuing guarantee of payment, and shall apply to all Guaranteed Obligations whenever arising.
 
Section 7.08         General Limitation on Guarantee Obligations.
 
In any action or proceeding involving any state corporate limited partnership or limited liability company law, or any applicable state, federal or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other law affecting the rights of creditors generally, if the obligations of any Loan Party under Section 7.01 would otherwise be held or determined to be void, voidable, invalid or unenforceable, or subordinated to the claims of any other creditors, on account of the amount of its liability under Section 7.01, then, notwithstanding any other provision to the contrary, the amount of such liability shall, without any further action by such Loan Party, any Loan Party or any other person, be automatically limited and reduced to the highest amount (after giving effect to the right of contribution established in Section 7.10) that is valid and enforceable and not subordinated to the claims of other creditors as determined in such action or proceeding.
 
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