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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023
OR
¨ ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ______________ to _______________
Commission File Number 001-36404
XTI AEROSPACE, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Nevada88-0434915
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
8123 InterPort Blvd., Suite C
Englewood, CO 80112
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
(303) 503-5660
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on
which each is registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001
XTIA
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
(Title of class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
¨
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
x
Smaller reporting company
x
Emerging growth company
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No x

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b). ☐

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2023, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was $7,720,081 based upon the closing price reported for such date on the Nasdaq Capital Market.

As of April 3, 2024, there were 9,919,411 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
None.


Table of Contents

XTI AEROSPACE, INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ITEM 1C: CYBERSECURITY
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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND OTHER INFORMATION
CONTAINED IN THIS REPORT
This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and the provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements give our current expectations or forecasts of future events. You can identify these statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. You can find many (but not all) of these statements by looking for words such as “approximates,” “believes,” “hopes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “may,” or other similar expressions in this report. In particular, these include statements relating to future actions; prospective products, anticipated expenses, applications, customers and technologies; future performance or results of anticipated products; and projected expenses and financial results. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or projections. Factors that could cause actual results to differ from those discussed in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
our history of losses;
our ability to achieve or maintain profitability in the future;
our limited operating history with recent acquisitions;
the possibility that anticipated tax treatment and benefits of the spin-off of our enterprise apps business and any other strategic transaction that we undertake may not be achieved;
risks related to the spin-off of our enterprise apps business, business combination with XTI Aircraft Company (the "XTI Merger") and solutions divestiture or any other strategic transactions that we may undertake;
the anticipated benefits of the XTI Merger;
our ability to successfully integrate companies or technologies we acquire;
the ability to meet the development and commercialization schedule with respect to the TriFan 600;
emerging competition and rapidly advancing technology in our industry that may outpace our technology;
customer demand for the products and services we develop;
the impact of competitive or alternative products, technologies and pricing;
our ability to develop other new products and technologies;
our ability to secure required certifications for the TriFan 600 and/or any other aircraft we develop;
our ability to navigate the regulatory environment and complexities with compliance related to such environment;
our ability to attract customers and/or fulfill customer orders;
our ability to enhance and maintain the reputation of our brand and expand its customer base;
our ability to scale in a cost-effective manner and maintain and expand our manufacturing and supply chain relationships;
general economic conditions and events and the impact they may have on us and our potential customers, including, but not limited to increases in inflation rates and rates of interest, supply chain challenges, increased
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costs for materials and labor, cybersecurity attacks, other lingering impacts resulting from COVID-19, and the Russia/Ukraine and Israel/Hamas conflicts;
our ability to obtain adequate financing in the future as needed;
our ability to consummate strategic transactions which may include acquisitions, mergers, dispositions involving us and any of our business units or other strategic investments;
our ability to maintain compliance with the continued listing requirements of the Nasdaq Capital Market;
lawsuits and other claims by third parties or investigations by various regulatory agencies that we may be subjected to and are required to report, including but not limited to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC");
our ability to respond to a failure of our systems and technology to operate our business;
our ability to protect our intellectual property;
the outcome of any known and unknown litigation and regulatory proceedings;
our success at managing the risks involved in the foregoing items;
impact of any changes in existing or future tax regimes; and
other factors discussed in this report.
The forward-looking statements are based upon management’s beliefs and assumptions and are made as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements included in this report. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.
This report also contains or may contain estimates, projections and other information concerning our industry and our business, including data regarding the estimated size of our markets and their projected growth rates. Information that is based on estimates, forecasts, projections or similar methodologies is inherently subject to uncertainties and actual events or circumstances may differ materially from events and circumstances reflected in this information. Unless otherwise expressly stated, we obtained these industry, business, market and other data from reports, studies and similar data prepared by third parties, industry and general publications, government data and similar sources. In some cases, we do not expressly refer to the sources from which these data are derived.
EXPLANATORY NOTE
On March 12, 2024, XTI Aerospace, Inc. (formerly known as Inpixon) (“XTI Aerospace”), Superfly Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of XTI Aerospace (“Merger Sub”), and XTI Aircraft Company, a Delaware corporation (“Legacy XTI”), completed their previously announced merger transaction. The merger transaction was completed pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “XTI Merger Agreement”), dated as of July 24, 2023 and amended on December 30, 2023 and March 12, 2024, pursuant to which Merger Sub merged with and into Legacy XTI with Legacy XTI surviving the merger as a wholly-owned subsidiary of XTI Aerospace (the “XTI Merger”). In connection with the closing of the XTI Merger, our corporate name changed to “XTI Aerospace, Inc.”
Since the closing of the XTI Merger was subsequent to December 31, 2023, this report includes Inpixon's audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, Inpixon's Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations as of and for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 and other historical information relating to the Inpixon board of directors, executive officers and governance arrangements prior to the completion of the XTI Merger. This report also includes certain disclosures concerning our current business, our board of directors and officers currently in office. We will file as an amendment to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with
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the SEC on March 15, 2024 (i) the audited consolidated financial statements of Legacy XTI as of and for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, (ii) Legacy XTI's Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 and (iii) the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information of Inpixon and Legacy XTI as of and for the year ended December 31, 2023, in accordance with Item 9.01 of Form 8-K.

In this report, unless otherwise noted, or the context otherwise requires, the terms “XTI Aerospace,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to XTI Aerospace, Inc. (formerly known as Inpixon), Inpixon GmbH, IntraNav GmbH and, prior to the closing of the XTI Merger, Merger Sub, and after the XTI Merger, Legacy XTI.

Note Regarding Reverse Stock Split
The Company effected a reverse stock split of its authorized and issued and outstanding common stock, par value $0.001, at a ratio of 1-for-75, effective as of October 7, 2022, for the purpose of complying with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2). The Company also effected a reverse stock split of its outstanding common stock at a ratio of 1-for-100, effective as of March 12, 2024, for the purpose of complying with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) and satisfying the bid price requirements applicable for initial listing applications in connection with the closing of the XTI Merger. We have reflected the reverse stock splits herein, unless otherwise indicated.
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PART I
ITEM 1: BUSINESS
Introduction

Following the closing of the XTI Merger, we are primarily an aircraft development company. We also provide real-time location systems (“RTLS”) for the industrial sector, which was our focus prior to the closing of the XTI Merger.

Headquartered in Englewood, Colorado, the Company is developing a vertical takeoff and landing ("VTOL") aircraft that takes off and lands like a helicopter and cruises like a fixed-wing business aircraft. We believe our initial configuration, the TriFan 600, will be one of the first civilian fixed-wing VTOL aircraft that offers the speed and comfort of a business aircraft and the range and versatility of VTOL for a wide range of customer applications, including private aviation for business and high net worth individuals, emergency medical services, and commuter and regional air travel. Since 2013, we have been engaged primarily in developing the design and engineering concepts for the TriFan 600, building and testing a two-thirds scale unmanned version of the TriFan 600, generating pre-orders for the TriFan 600, and seeking funds from investors to enable the Company to build full-scale piloted prototypes of the TriFan 600, and to eventually engage in commercial development of the TriFan 600.

Our RTLS solution leverages cutting-edge technologies such as IoT, AI, and big data analytics to provide real-time tracking and monitoring of assets, machines, and people within industrial environments. With our RTLS, businesses can achieve improved operational efficiency, enhanced safety and reduced costs. By having real-time visibility into operations, industrial organizations can make informed, data-driven decisions, minimize downtime, and ensure compliance with industry regulations.

Our full-stack industrial IoT solution provides end-to-end visibility and control over a wide range of assets and devices. It is designed to help organizations optimize their operations and gain a competitive edge in today's data-driven world. The turn-key platform integrates a range of technologies, including RTLS, sensor networks, edge computing, and big data analytics, to provide a comprehensive view of an organization's operations. We help organizations track the location and status of assets in real-time, identify inefficiencies, and make decisions that drive business growth. Our IoT stack covers all the technology layers, from the edge devices to the cloud. It includes hardware components such as sensors and gateways, a robust software platforms for data management and analysis, and a user-friendly dashboard for real-time monitoring and control. Our solutions also offer robust security features, to help ensure the protection of sensitive data. Additionally, our RTLS provides scalability and flexibility, allowing organizations to easily integrate it with their existing systems and add new capabilities as their needs evolve.

In addition to our Indoor Intelligence technologies and solutions, we previously offered:

Digital solutions (eTearsheets; eInvoice, adDelivery) or cloud-based applications and analytics for the advertising, media and publishing industries through our advertising management platform which was referred to as Shoom by Inpixon; and

A comprehensive set of data analytics and statistical visualization solutions for engineers and scientists which was referred to as SAVES by Inpixon.

The Company notes that during the fourth quarter and as of December 31, 2023, the Shoom and SAVES operating segments and a portion of the Indoor Intelligence segment, have been disposed of or met the held for sale criteria and represent a strategic shift in the Company's operations, and therefore are presented as discontinued operations. As such, these disposal groups have been excluded from both continuing operations and segment results for all periods presented. In addition, the Company also notes that as of December 31, 2023, the divesiture of our enterprise apps business, which was completed in the first quarter of 2023, is presented as discontinued operations and as such, have been excluded from both continuing operations and segment results for all periods presented. This divestiture represents a portion of the Indoor Intelligence operating segment. Therefore, apart from our aircraft and development and manufacturing business which commenced as part of our XTI merger in 2024, only the Indoor Intelligence operating segment remains as of December 31, 2023.

The Air Travel Market

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In today’s regional air travel market, customers have two choices – either a fixed-wing airplane which requires a runway, or a helicopter which is slower, comparatively expensive, and relatively range limited. What we intend to bring to market is a unique “crossover” aircraft combining the speed, range and comfort of a fixed-wing business airplane with the point-to-point VTOL capability of a helicopter. Our target customers for the TriFan 600 include business jet and helicopter operators, major and regional airlines, companies which own and operate their own fleet of aircraft, including private jets and helicopters, air medical operators, and individuals. In terms of current market size, the 2023 year-end General Aviation Aircraft Shipment Reports of the General Aviation Aircraft Manufacturers Association ("GAMA") reports total general (civilian, non-commercial) aircraft and helicopter shipments billings at approximately $28.3 billion for 2023, an approximate 3.4% increase from 2022.

We believe the anticipated differentiating performance capabilities of the TriFan 600 – the unique versatility delivered by combining the best of a helicopter and a business aircraft in one platform which we expect will result in significant time and cost savings – will be attractive to customers and disruptive in existing markets. As of the date of this filing, we have conditional pre-orders under a combination of aircraft purchase agreements, non-binding reservation deposit agreements, options and letters of intent for the delivery of more than 700 aircraft. One purchaser located in the southwest region of the United States is a party to a non-binding pre-order for 100 aircraft. We have entered into non-binding options to purchase for an aggregate of 452 aircraft with potential purchasers located in the northeast, southwest and west coast regions of the United States. We have entered into non-binding aircraft reservation deposit agreements for an aggregate of 114 aircraft with potential purchasers located in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, Dubai, India, Japan, Brazil, and the United States. Customers making reservation deposits are not obligated to purchase aircraft until they execute a definitive purchase agreement. We have written letters of intent (without deposits) with customers for an additional 105 aircraft. Customers may request a return of their refundable deposits any time up until the execution of a purchase agreement. These conditional orders and reservations represent the potential of more than $7.0 billion in future gross revenue upon delivery of those aircraft, based on our current list price of $10 million per aircraft assuming we are able to execute on the development program for the TriFan 600, secure FAA certification, and deliver these aircraft. For more details regarding the nature of the conditional pre-orders, please see “- Key Agreement.”

In contrast to the eVTOL (electric vertical takeoff and landing) aircraft, which are short-range air taxis for urban transport being developed by other companies (and not yet certified by the FAA), the TriFan 600 is expected to have significantly greater range of 700 miles in addition to the flexibility to take off and land either vertically or conventionally. With our initial configuration of two turboshaft engines, we expect that our customers will be able to use much of the existing infrastructure on the ground, including more than 5,000 existing helipads in the U.S. alone, as well as other landing areas where it is safe and legal to land and take off, including job sites, grassy areas, driveways, backyards, other paved and improved surfaces, hospital helipads and regional airports, which may not contain the requisite charging infrastructure for eVTOL aircraft. We expect that the TriFan’s speed, range, and comfort, as well as its flexibility in takeoff and landing sites will offer a significant competitive advantage over eVTOL aircraft because eVTOL aircraft depend on the availability of battery or hydrogen charging infrastructure which is not commercially available yet. We expect that the TriFan 600 will provide increased connectivity between communities as well as generate time savings for travelers. As technology matures, we envision a transition to hybrid-electric propulsion for future TriFan configurations in our pursuit of taking aviation to a greener future. We believe our phased, measured-risk approach is prudent given the lack of technology readiness of battery and hydrogen propulsion, limited and slow progress with respect to regulatory guidance regarding novel propulsion technologies, and expected long timelines to develop a widespread charging network. With time, we also expect to benefit from the TriFan owners and operators use of the expected expansion of the landing pads, vertiports, and other VTOL aircraft infrastructure that will accommodate the eVTOL air taxis. We anticipate owners and users of the TriFan will be able to access many of those facilities, which should allow XTI to participate to some extent in the upcoming and not yet established Advanced Air Mobility (“AAM”) market.

As of the date of this filing, the base price of the TriFan 600 aircraft is approximately $10 million. The announced price for our only known direct competitor for a civilian fixed-wing VTOL aircraft is between $20 million and $30 million.

The TriFan 600’s $10 million base price falls within the price range ($6.5 million - $12 million) for many of the business airplanes with whom we expect the TriFan 600 to compete. Unlike the TriFan 600, these airplanes require runways for takeoff and landing, which adds to total trip times. The $10 million base price is above the initial purchase price range ($5.5 million to $8.2 million) for helicopters with whom the TriFan 600 expects to compete. However, the TriFan 600 can complete missions at approximately twice the speed of competing helicopters. Therefore, the mission time compared to helicopters is expected to be reduced by 40% - 50% and mission costs and emissions will also be reduced. As a result, we expect the TriFan 600’s five-year cost of ownership (initial base purchase price plus annual direct operating costs) to be lower than much of the helicopter competition.
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Corporate Strategy

In December of 2021, our board of directors authorized a review of strategic alternatives, with the goal of maximizing shareholder value. In furtherance of this objective, the Company pursued a number of strategic transactions which were consummated during 2023 and 2024. In March 2023, we spun off and sold our enterprise apps business (see "Recent Events - Enterprise Apps Spin-off and Business Combination” under Part II, Item 7 herein for more information). Additionally, we consummated the XTI Merger on March 12, 2024 (see section "Recent Events - XTI Merger" under Part II, Item 7 herein." below for more details), and as required by the terms of the XTI Merger Agreement, we have also effected transactions for the divestiture of the businesses and assets that are not associated with our real time location services business, including our Shoom, SAVES and Game Your Game lines of business (see "Recent Events - Solutions Divestiture - Grafiti Holding Inc." "- Damon Business Combination" and "- Solutions Divestiture - Grafiti LLC ” under Part II, Item 7 herein for more information).
Products and Services

TriFan 600

Our aviation business is focused on the development of our initial configuration of the TriFan 600 Vertical Lift Crossover Airplane, which is a six-seat aircraft is intended to provide point-to-point air travel over distances of up to 700 miles, fly at twice the speed of a helicopter and cruise at altitudes up to 25,000 feet. We believe that the target TriFan 600 airplane will provide unique advantages over existing helicopters, turboprop and light jet aircraft. Since the aircraft will take off and land vertically, we anticipate that the TriFan 600 will generate significant time savings on a typical 500-mile trip by traveling point-to-point or utilizing more convenient existing ground and airspace infrastructure (such as helipads) to avoid or reduce the time traveling on the ground to and from an airport. The TriFan 600 also is expected to have the capability to take off and land conventionally, if a runway is available. This added capability is expected to increase range and payload and expand utility.
TRIFAN 600 C211.1 EXTERIOR COLLECTOR - NEW INLETS 5.jpgTRIFAN 600 C211.1 EXTERIOR COLLECTOR - GROUND FRONT - VTOL (GEAR) NORMAL.jpg
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We plan to either assemble the TriFan 600 aircraft in-house with supplier-provided components or engage a third-party manufacturer to assemble the aircraft. By combining existing and future state-of-the-art technologies and components (including turbine engines, composites, software, advanced propulsion and fuel systems) into our patented proprietary design, we believe the TriFan 600 will be a commercially successful aircraft for the business and other aviation markets.

Indoor Intelligence

Our Indoor Intelligence offerings consist of the following software and hardware products.

Industrial RTLS SaaS Platform - Our full stack offering in the Industrial IoT space includes an enterprise class, multi-technology RTLS IoT platform for industrial automation. Our RTLS IoT platform is a comprehensive real-time IoT solution for the implementation of industrial RTLS (track & trace) applications for indoor and outdoor areas, such as vehicle localization, production tracking, yard management, gate allocation, forklift location (MHE), real-time route optimization, and the automatic identification (AutoID) and booking of goods and material flows. In addition to real-time data applications for the digital twin, it also provides smart real-time location analyses from a single platform suite, enabling companies to identify significant process optimizations and make data-based decisions. Prebuilt modules offered within the platform include smart factory, smart warehouse, inventory manager, shipment manager, and yard manager. The digital twin of a physical space facilitates use cases for facility management, security safety, customer or worker experiences, asset tracking and more.

IoT Devices, Sensors and Tags - Our RTLS asset tracking hardware includes a full end-to-end portfolio of IoT sensors (also known as nodes or anchors) and tracking tags to track assets or personnel. This portfolio leverages our own products for ultra-wideband (UWB) and chirp spread spectrum (CSS) and GPS while incorporating support for third party integrated BLE, RFID and LiDAR solutions. In the security space, a version of our sensor enables detection of cellular, Wi-Fi and BLE signals that is combined with UWB to offer security and high value asset tracking solutions. Chirp technology is effective for longer range communication while UWB is an important RF standard for pinpoint asset tracking. Organizations across many different industries can leverage the accuracy, low-latency, and reliability of both technologies to track the real-time location and status of key assets and equipment, with precision. Users can display and track the static location and movement of assets and asset attribute information within a space on indoor maps.

Transceivers/Modules - Our nanoLOC transceiver is a low-power, highly integrated mixed-signal chip. This 2.4 GHz long range CSS transceiver transmits and receives wireless data packets for robust wireless communications, ranging capabilities, and real-time location determination. Our chirp leverages a patented, Company-owned technology and offers range comparable to Wi-Fi systems with accuracy of BLE or UWB in some scenarios. Supporting a freely adjustable center frequency with three non-overlapping frequency channels, amongst others, our nanoLOC enables multiple physically independent networks and improved coexistence with existing 2.4 GHz wireless technologies. This product is also available in a module form to allow easier integration for our partners and integrators.

Video Integration – Our RF video solution uses IoT analytics data and allows direct integration with leading Video Management Systems (VMS) and CCTV to provide visual track and trace of assets or to quickly allow video to aid security personnel in an emergency situation. This solution builds upon the accurate mapping solutions while adding analytics and precise RTLS data. 

Analytics and Insights - Our cloud-based analytics platform allows data from multiple sensors and data sources to be visualized for action by the customer. Our platforms can engage with data from our IoT sensors, mobile apps, third-party sensors and data that is ingested via an application programming interface ("API") or data import. Analytics enable, for instance, factory operators to visualize and analyze the flow of products through the facility to address bottlenecks and improve efficiency and productivity.

Augmented Reality ("AR") and 3D - Our augmented reality solutions allow us to easily scan a space and subsequently attach AR content persistently to any position in the world. The technology can also be used for visual asset tracking without beacons or markers as well as digital twin creation and manipulation. Using SLAM (simultaneous localization and mapping) combined with innovative technologies offers tools to help enable augmented reality and metaverse capabilities for their business.

Wireless Device Detection for Security – Our wireless detection and positioning solutions help cultivate situational awareness and identify security risks by leveraging sensors with proprietary technology that can detect and position active cellular, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and UWB signals throughout a venue. This solution allows for the positioning of people and assets
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homogeneously as they travel in a controlled space and empowers customers to make key decisions around security, risk mitigation and public safety, at scale. Utilizing various radio signal technologies permits device positioning with accuracy ranging from several meters down to approximately thirty centimeters, depending on the product deployed and conditions in the indoor space. The technology allows for detailed understanding of space and resource utilization, and in security applications it enables detection and identification of authorized and unauthorized devices, prevention of rogue devices through alerts based on rules when unknown devices are detected in restricted areas and asset tracking with centimeter level precision.

Enterprise Apps - Our indoor intelligence segment historically also included the smart office app, events and mapping solution which comprised the enterprise apps line of products offering enhanced employee experiences with a holistic location aware customer branded employee app for a smart, innovative and connected workplace. This suite of products and solutions was spun off in connection with the separation of our enterprise apps business effective as of March 14, 2023 and is presented as discontinued operations and, as such have been excluded from both continuing operations and segment results for all periods presented. (See “Recent Events - Enterprise Apps Spin-off and Business Combination” under Part II, Item 7 herein for more information).

Shoom and SAVES Product Lines

Our Shoom and SAVES operating segments, which included our cloud-based applications and analytics for the advertising, media and publishing industries and the data analytics and statistical visualization software solutions for engineers and scientists have been disposed of or met the held for sale criteria and represent a strategic shift in our operations, and therefore are presented as discontinued operations and, as such, have been excluded from both continuing operations and segment results for all periods presented (see "Recent Events - Solutions Divestiture - Grafiti Holding Inc." "- Damon Business Combination" and "- Solutions Divestiture - Grafiti LLC ” under Part II, Item 7 herein for more information).

RTLS Product Enhancements

Our ability to adapt to the technological advancements within our industry is critical to our long-term success and growth. As a result, our executive management must continuously work to ensure that they remain informed and prepared to quickly adapt and leverage new technologies within our product and service offering as such technologies become available. In connection with that goal, our product roadmap development plans include expanding the use of both UWB and CSS technology for precise asset tracking, furthering our efforts towards 3D mapping, with a specific focus on light detection and ranging (LiDAR) and AR features, innovation in our machine learning algorithms for our positioning engines, and understanding worldwide 5G deployments to enhance our detection and positioning capabilities.

Positioning Innovation Powered by Machine Learning

In 2024, we intend to continue to explore the use of machine learning and artificial intelligence (“AI”) to improve positioning accuracy, reliability and range which would provide additional benefits to existing customers and unlock new opportunities for our RTLS technology. Here is an example of how we are utilizing AI to enhance our technology: due to fluctuating frequency plotting in the beginning of a project, but after applying advanced AI filter methods and machine learning algorithms we can better understand the radio frequency (RF) behavior as to how the time difference of arrival (TDoA) sync path should be configured in the specific environment considering several attributes. Following these enhancements, we believe our products will be able to assist in providing predictive, more accurate, bidirectional location information to secure and optimize our deployments using hardware that includes iOS and Android smartphones, IoT sensors, access points or BLE beacons.

5G

Building on research and development (R&D) efforts in 2023, we intend to continue to study the worldwide 5G deployments, both public and private, to identify a robust hardware and software solution to detect and position new handsets based on this technology and explore software defined radio solutions, as well as enhancements in antenna technology to provide our customers with additional capabilities in the security field. This is a complex challenge and we are working with partners and customers to understand requirements, use cases and solutions.

Analytics and Insights

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Inpixon Analytics on-premises or in the cloud, along with specially-optimized algorithms and industry specific dashboards that are intended to provide better visibility, predictive maintenance, process optimization, security and safety, and data-driven decision-making. Improved visibility gives real-time locations and status of assets, people, and equipment both indoors and outdoors. By collecting and analyzing data from RTLS systems, organizations gain insights from asset movements and use this information to optimize their operations. Predictive maintenance reduces downtime and maintenance costs, as well as improve the lifespan of equipment. Process optimization helps improve productivity, reduce costs, and enhance customer satisfaction. Security and safety helps prevent accidents, reduce the risk of theft, and enhance the overall safety of employees and customers. Data-driven decision making by analyzing data from RTLS systems, organizations gains a better understanding of their operations, identify areas for improvement, and make data-driven decisions that drive business value. Furthermore, we are continuing to enhance the integration of ChatGPT, a generative artificial intelligence (AI), into our RTLS solution. This innovative integration expands the capabilities of our RTLS, enabling rapid, AI-assisted insights as well as interactive discussions in a conversational medium. Operations managers in production and logistics, in particular, stand to benefit from this transformative development.

Augmented Reality and Digital Twin

Our AR and digital twin technologies multiply the capabilities of RTLS solutions by providing real-time visualization aided with meta data, remote monitoring, simulation and testing, predictive maintenance, collaboration, and training, all of which can help optimize operations and improve efficiency. AR helps visualize the real-time location of assets, people, and equipment in the physical world, overlaid with digital information such as asset status, maintenance history, and other relevant data. This can provide a more intuitive and efficient way for operators to understand and interact with the physical world. In addition, digital twin features can enable remote monitoring of assets and equipment, providing a virtual representation of the physical world that can be accessed from anywhere to monitor assets and equipment in real-time and make informed decisions based on the data gathered. Digital twin technology can also enable simulation and testing of scenarios in a virtual environment, allowing our customers to test different configurations and optimize their operations without the need for physical experimentation. Finally, AR and digital twin technologies can facilitate collaboration and training by providing a shared virtual environment where operators can train and work together remotely.

Research and Development

TriFan 600

We plan to seek FAA certification of the TriFan 600 as a fixed-wing, VTOL aircraft. Initial concept and engineering analysis for the TriFan 600 was completed in July 2015. Legacy XTI built a 65% scale prototype and in May 2019 began initial hover tests. The prototype was successfully hover-tested multiple times. Subsequent to raising private funding during 2021, Legacy XTI hired a number of engineers (employees and consultants) to establish its core engineering organization. Additionally, Legacy XTI retained consulting firms to provide specialized engineering technical knowledge to complement XTI’s team.

Legacy XTI completed its preliminary design review (“PDR”) in 2022, which set the stage for the next step of design development. Legacy XTI updated the exterior design of the TriFan 600, including the wing fans location and the location of the horizontal tail, all of which had a positive impact on the performance and efficiency of the aircraft. Design and engineering for other systems, including the propulsion system, landing gear, cockpit visibility, cabin sizing and structural integrity were also advanced during 2022 and 2023.

The PDR phase included the identification of Legacy XTI’s supply chain. The team, throughout the design phase, has identified and started negotiating with key suppliers globally to support each of the components or systems of the TriFan 600, requesting proposals from each. As a result of these efforts, Legacy XTI has established a baseline bill-of-materials.

The current development design review phase (“DDR”) of the program includes further interactions with suppliers to develop and mature major structures and systems of the aircraft. With input from industry-respected suppliers, we believe all systems of the TriFan 600 can be incorporated into the airframe to deliver a fully-integrated solution. The fulfillment of this phase is expected to pave the way for approving engineering designs used to build the aircraft. The DDR phase also includes ongoing communication with the FAA to discuss and maintain awareness of our compliance with federal regulations.

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The next target milestones include critical design review (“CDR”) and building and preliminary testing of a full-scale flight test aircraft, along with building additional full-scale flight test aircraft, are fully dependent on raising additional financing.

Following the completion of the first full-scale flight test aircraft, certification from the Federal Aviation Administration ("FAA") is expected to take an additional eighteen months to achieve. We anticipate FAA certification of the TriFan 600 in 2028.

Indoor Intelligence

Our management believes that we must continue to dedicate a significant amount of resources to research and development efforts to maintain a competitive position. Our RTLS products intersect many emerging fields including metaverse, augmented reality, occupancy planning, industry 4.0, smart cities, and more, and we continue to innovate and patent new methods to solve problems for our customers. Research and development expenses associated with our indoor intelligence business for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 totaled approximately $4.4 million and $4.5 million, respectively.
Sales and Marketing
TriFan 600
Our sales channels include direct sales as well as indirect sales channels which may include one or more regional sales agents or brokers. Indirect sales partners may also provide a range of pre- and post-sales services to our customers including aftermarket support and maintenance, repair and overhaul ("MRO") services using XTI parts.
In 2023, we entered into a commercial agreement with a sales and distribution agent for prospective sales of TriFan aircraft and MRO services in certain markets, including 21 countries of the Middle East and North Africa. We have been in discussions with other sales and distribution agents throughout the world and plan to expand our global territory reach via commercial agreements.

We intend to market our aircraft through customer-targeted marketing campaigns (e.g., EMS, land management, oil & gas) utilizing our digital presence, webinars, national and regional trade shows, conferences, traditional print advertising and other media. To best identify target customers, we intend to utilize focus groups and "voice of the customers" panels to allow us to map customer requirements and use cases to our available features, functions and options.


Indoor Intelligence
Our sales channels include direct sales as well as indirect sales through channel partners including original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), integrators, resellers and distributors. Indirect sales partners may provide a range of pre- and post-sales services to our customers including system design, installation, commissioning and service.
Direct sales representatives are compensated with a base salary and may participate in incentive plans such as commissions or bonuses.
We market our products through industry-focused as well as account-based marketing strategies which utilize SEO, advertising, social media, trade shows, conferences, webinars and other media.

Our RTLS products are primarily sold on a license and SaaS mode, which we call "location as a service" or "LaaS." In our licensing model, we also typically charge an annual maintenance fee. The LaaS model is typically for a 3-5 year contract and includes license to use, maintenance and hardware upgrades. The LaaS model generates a recurring revenue stream.
Customers

TriFan 600

Aircraft Purchase Agreement
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On February 2, 2022, we entered into a conditional aircraft purchase contract (the “Aircraft Purchase Agreement”) with a counterparty located in the southwest region of the United States (“Counterparty A”) relating to the purchase of 100 TriFan 600 aircraft. The parties’ obligations under the Aircraft Purchase Agreement are subject to certain conditions, including certification of our aircraft by the FAA and obligations to amend the Aircraft Purchase Agreement to add certain material terms including, among others, delivery dates, aircraft specifications, warranties, remedies, milestones relating to the development of the TriFan 600, the type and extent of assistance to be provided by Counterparty A in obtaining certification of the TriFan 600, branding and marketing matters, optional equipment and other matters. Counterparty A’s obligations to consummate the Aircraft Purchase Agreement arise only after all material terms are agreed upon, in the discretion of each party. If the parties do not agree on such material terms, either party will have the right to terminate the agreement if such party determines in its discretion that it is not likely that the material terms will be agreed to in a manner consistent with such party’s business and operational interests (as those interests may change from time to time).

We will determine the base purchase price for each TriFan 600 aircraft under the Aircraft Purchase Agreement during the first month of the calendar quarter prior to the quarter in which the subject TriFan 600 aircraft are to be delivered, subject to adjustments. The Aircraft Purchase Agreement contains customary representations and covenants for contracts of this type.

In connection with the Aircraft Purchase Agreement, we issued Counterparty A a warrant to purchase 6,357,474 shares of Legacy XTI common stock (as amended as of April 3, 2022 and March 11, 2024, the “Counterparty A Warrant”). The shares underlying the Counterparty A Warrant adjusted to 567,467 shares of our common stock by application of the exchange ratio at the effective time of the XTI Merger (the “Effective Time”). The Counterparty A Warrant contains conditional vesting criteria; the purchase right for one-third of the shares represented by the Counterparty A Warrant vested upon the execution and delivery of the Aircraft Purchase Agreement, one-sixth of the shares vested on March 11, 2024, and one-third of the shares will vest upon the acceptance of delivery and final purchase of the first TriFan 600 aircraft by Counterparty A pursuant to the Aircraft Purchase Agreement. The Counterparty A Warrant requires the parties to agree on an initial strategic public and industry announcement within 90 days of March 11, 2024 or such other time as the parties may mutually agree. The Counterparty A Warrant will expire on the earlier of (i) a liquidation event as defined therein and (ii) 5:00 p.m. Pacific time on February 2, 2029.

Indoor Intelligence

Our RTLS offerings which include real-time location tracking, collision avoidance and wireless device detections are used around the world in automotive factories, heavy equipment factories, logistics and distribution warehouses, mining operations, government and military buildings, and corporate offices.

During the year ended December 31, 2023, two customers accounted for over 10% of revenue with one customer with 17% of revenue and one customer that accounted for 10% of revenue. During the year ended December 31, 2022, only one customer accounted for over 10% of revenue with 23% of revenue for the year. From time to time, one or two customers can represent a significant portion of our revenue as a result of one-time projects.

Competition

TriFan 600

The private jet and private business aircraft markets are highly competitive and we face a significant number of original equipment manufacturer competitors, most of which are larger, better known and have better financial resources than us. When the TriFan 600 goes into production, we believe it will compete with other aircraft manufacturers by providing our customers with what we believe is a unique “crossover” aircraft with distinct and largely unique performance capabilities at a competitive purchase price. We believe the TriFan 600 will be one of a small number of aircraft that offers the speed, range and comfort of a business aircraft with the versatility of VTOL. As we expect that the TriFan 600 will be capable of flying greater distances and on average at twice the speed and three times the range of competing helicopters, we expect the TriFan 600 to offer lower direct operating costs (cost per flight hour) and be able to fly almost twice as many missions, thus generating additional cost savings and revenue for airlines and aircraft operators when compared with helicopters.

Indoor Intelligence

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In addition, our RTLS business is characterized by innovation and rapid change. Our RTLS Indoor Intelligence products compete with companies such as Aruba, Cisco, Juniper Networks/Mist Systems, Ubisense, Sewio, Kinexon, Zebra Technologies and other mostly vertical focused RTLS companies. Some competitors determine positioning primarily using BLE or Wi-Fi and, therefore, we believe they cannot achieve the same accuracy that we do and so cannot meet some customers' needs. Many RTLS competitors are focused on one technology and/or vertical and, at this time, we believe none of them have as complete an offering of tags, anchors, positioning, engine, software, integrations and analytics.
We believe we offer a unique and differentiated approach to the market with our industrial RTLS which is:
Comprehensive. We offer full-stack RTLS solutions which seamlessly integrates tracking tags, anchors, sensors, positioning engine, software, and connections to third-party systems. We integrate a myriad of indoor data inputs and outputs. With a single platform we can support a multitude of use cases across numerous industries in both the private and public sector.
Scalable. Our solutions are built to support customers’ expanding needs and use cases. Unlike many other competitive point-solutions, we can offer expansion paths and support for a wide variety of location-based use cases at large, multi-size, global enterprises. Our multi-layered depiction of indoor data allows users to see the information most relevant to their role, in the optimal format for them (e.g., charts, tables, maps, etc.).
Technology-agnostic and open. We embrace an ecosystem of hardware, software, integration and distribution partners welcoming integration and synchronization with third party data and systems in combination with our platform. Our open architecture is designed to enable the integration of disparate technologies, preserve investment and avoid obsolescence. APIs and MQTT make it possible to move data in and out of our platform to enable a plethora of opportunities and benefits.

Intellectual Property

TriFan 600

We have received a utility patent (US Patent 9,676,479) and a design patent (US Patent D741247) for a VTOL aircraft that includes a pair of ducted lift/thrust fans that are rotatably moveable between the lift and thrust positions. Based on those U.S. patents, the Company has also applied for and has been issued multiple additional foreign utility patents, including from China, Japan, Europe and Canada. We have sought to protect our intellectual property through the use of patents and trade secrets. Employee and third-party consultants have signed non-disclosure agreements with Legacy XTI which include standard provisions related to assignment of work product and other requirements to further protect its proprietary rights. We are continuing to develop intellectual property and we intend to aggressively protect our position in key technologies. We own several trademarks protecting Legacy XTI's name and logo. Our intellectual property also includes extensive data, engineering analyses and other know-how.

We have obtained broad patent protection in both respects through the above-referenced patents. Under the European patent, we have applied for issuance of patents in the U.K., France, Germany, and Italy, where we expect the aircraft will be sold and used. Patents are also pending in Brazil.

Indoor Intelligence

To establish and protect our proprietary rights, we rely on a combination of patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, including know-how, license agreements, confidentiality procedures, non-disclosure agreements with third parties, employee disclosure and invention assignment agreements, and other contractual rights. We do not believe that our proprietary technology is dependent on any single patent or copyright or groups of related patents or copyrights. We believe the duration of our patents is adequate relative to the expected lives of our products.

In connection with the Enterprise Apps Spin-off and the terms of the KINS Separation Agreement (defined below in the Recent Events section of Item 7), each of the Company and CXApp have granted the other party a limited worldwide, non-exclusive, irrevocable, royalty free, fully paid up, perpetual license (the “Licensee”) to use, practice and otherwise exploit such intellectual property (with certain exceptions) that is owned, controlled or purported to be owned or controlled by the other party (the “Licensor”) to the extent used, practiced or otherwise exploited in the business of the Licensee during the twelve (12) months prior to the separation or is reasonably anticipated to be used after the separation for the conduct of any business of the
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Licensee as conducted on or prior to the separation and reasonably anticipated extension or evolutions thereof that are not substitutes for any product or service of the Licensor.

Government Regulation
In general, we are subject to numerous federal, state and foreign legal requirements on matters as diverse as data privacy and protection, employment and labor relations, immigration, taxation, anticorruption, import/export controls, trade restrictions, internal and disclosure control obligations, securities regulation and anti-competition.
Violations of one or more of these diverse legal requirements in the conduct of our business could result in significant fines and other damages, criminal sanctions against us or our officers, prohibitions on doing business and damage to our reputation. Violations of these regulations or contractual obligations related to regulatory compliance in connection with the performance of customer contracts could also result in liability for significant monetary damages, fines and/or criminal prosecution, unfavorable publicity and other reputational damage, restrictions on our ability to compete for certain work and allegations by our customers that we have not performed our contractual obligations. To date, compliance with these regulations has not been financially burdensome.

Aviation Regulations

In the U.S., civil aviation is regulated by the FAA, which controls virtually every aspect of flight from pilot licensing to aircraft design and construction, and use of the public air space within the boundaries and territorial waters of the United States. The FAA requires that every civilian aircraft that flies in the U.S. carry a valid “type certificate” and airworthiness certificate issued by the FAA or a foreign civil aviation authority.

We intend to seek approval for the design of the TriFan 600 by obtaining a standard Type Certificate under Federal Aviation Regulations, in particular the criteria set forth by the FAA (as defined in Part 23 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR Part 23)), as a normal category piloted aircraft that can also take off and land vertically. The Company submitted a preliminary certification plan to the FAA during the fourth quarter of 2023 and plans to submit a formal initial certification plan by 2025. The FAA will oversee extensive testing and analysis of the TriFan 600 to confirm the aircraft’s safety, stability, reliability, performance, and compliance with the applicable airworthiness standards.

In addition, once the FAA issues a type certificate to the Company, we intend to apply for a production certificate, the FAA’s approval required for the manufacture of an FAA-approved type design, to enable the Company to manufacture the TriFan in commercial quantities. TriFan 600 aircraft that are manufactured by XTI in accordance with the type certificate and the production certificate will be delivered to customers along with a certificate of airworthiness. To obtain a production certificate from the FAA, we must demonstrate that our organization and our personnel, facilities, and quality system can produce the aircraft such that they conform to the approved design.

Since we are not permitted to deliver commercially produced aircraft to customers until any such aircraft has obtained FAA certification, no material aircraft sales revenue will be generated before receipt of FAA certification. The process of obtaining a valid type certificate, production certificate and airworthiness certificate for the TriFan 600 will take several years.

In addition to the FAA, customers’ operation of the TriFan 600 will be regulated by various state, county, and municipal agencies. Specifically, flight of the TriFan 600 will be regulated by the FAA, while the ability to take off and land will be governed by the FAA and various zoning restrictions imposed by non-federal agencies in each location where an owner of the TriFan 600 intends to operate. These restrictions vary by location. Some government and private locations in the U.S. and around the world limit or prohibit the use of aircraft. There are currently over 5,000 helipads in the U.S. where helicopters are allowed to land. Thus, we expect that customers will be able to legally land the TriFan 600 in these locations and at thousands of other paved areas or grassy areas, job sites, residential and commercial locations in the U.S. and around the world where it’s safe and legal to land VTOL aircraft, as well as smaller general aviation airports unavailable to conventional business aircraft and jets.
Employees

As of March 15, 2024, we have 50 employees, including 4 part-time employees, which includes all employees of our subsidiaries. This includes 4 officers, 6 sales personnel, 4 marketing personnel, 27 technical and engineering personnel and 9 finance, legal and administration personnel.
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Corporate Information

We currently have two direct, wholly-owned operating subsidiaries: XTI Aircraft Company, based in Englewood, Colorado (at our corporate headquarters), and Inpixon GmbH (previously Nanotron Technologies GmbH), based in Berlin, Germany. IntraNav GmbH, based in Eschborn, Germany (“IntraNav”), is an indirect subsidiary of the Company and the wholly-owned subsidiary of Inpixon GmbH.

Our principal executive offices are located at Centennial Airport at 8123 InterPort Blvd., Suite C, Englewood, Colorado 80112. This facility houses our principal executive office, finance, and other administrative activities, although our employees and consultants mostly work remotely. Our engineers are working remotely throughout the U.S.

We believe that our facility in Colorado meets our needs for the immediate future. However, we plan to begin a site selection process as early as the second quarter of 2024 to identify a facility located at an airport within the continental U.S. that will allow us to consolidate engineers and other administrative employees, perform flight simulations, perform propulsion rig and prototype flight tests, and potentially expand to a full production site with a facility for pilot training. It is not yet determined whether our corporate headquarters will change from the current location at Centennial Airport. We expect to move into a new facility by 2025.

Our telephone number is (800) 680-7412. We have also agreed to sublease office space in Palo Alto, California. Two of our subsidiaries, Inpixon GmbH and IntraNav, maintain offices in Berlin Germany, and Eschborn, Germany, respectively. Our Internet website is www.xtiaerospace.com. The information on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not part of this report, and you should not rely on any such information in making any investment decision relating to our common stock.
ITEM 1A: RISK FACTORS
We are subject to various risks and uncertainties that may materially harm our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations. An investment in our common stock is speculative and involves a high degree of risk. In evaluating an investment in shares of our common stock, you should carefully consider the risks described below, together with the other information included in this report.
If any of the events described in the following risk factors actually occurs, or if additional risks and uncertainties later materialize, that are not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial, then our business, prospects, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. In that event, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and investors in our common stock may lose all or part of their investment in our shares. The risks discussed below include forward-looking statements, and our actual results may differ substantially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements.
Summary Risk Factors

The following summarizes the risks and uncertainties that could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operation and stock price. You should read this summary together with the more detailed description of each risk factor contained below.

Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

We have a limited operating history and have not yet manufactured any non-prototype aircraft, delivered any aircraft to customers or generated any revenues from our aircraft business, and we may never develop or manufacture any VTOL aircraft.
Operating aircrafts carry a degree of inherent risk. Accidents or incidents involving VTOL aircrafts, us or our competitors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The remainder of the development period for the TriFan 600 may take longer than anticipated.
The market for a civilian long-range fixed-wing VTOL aircraft is new and untested. If such market does not respond at the level we expect or if it fails to grow as large as we expect, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be harmed.
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The pre-orders we have received for our aircraft are non-binding, conditional or written expressions of interest and may be terminated at any time prior to execution of a definitive purchase agreement. If these pre-orders are cancelled, modified, delayed or not placed in accordance with the terms agreed with each party, our business, results of operations, liquidity and cash flow will be materially adversely affected.
We will require FAA certification, and a delay in receiving such certification could adversely affect our prospects, business, financial condition and results of operations.
We have completed several strategic transactions, which may make it difficult for potential investors to evaluate our future business, and, due to the risks and uncertainties related to the acquisition of new businesses, any such acquisition does not guarantee that we will be able to attain profitability.
We may not be able to successfully integrate the business and operations of entities that we have acquired, have been acquired by or may acquire in the future into our ongoing business operations.
The risks arising with respect to the historic business and operations of our recent acquisition targets may be different from what we anticipate, which could significantly increase the costs and decrease the benefits of the acquisition and materially and adversely affect our operations going forward.
Our ability to successfully execute our business plan may require additional debt or equity financing, which may otherwise not be available on reasonable terms or at all.
Failure to manage or protect growth may be detrimental to our business because our infrastructure may not be adequate for expansion.
We have a history of operating losses and working capital deficiency and there is no assurance that we will be able to achieve profitability or raise additional financing.
Any future acquisitions that we may make could disrupt our business, cause dilution to our stockholders and harm our business, financial condition or operating results.
Any future disposition of assets and business could have material and adverse effect on business, financial conditions, and operations, if not consummated in a timely manner.
We have been subject to regulatory and other government or regulatory investigations or inquiries under national, regional and local laws, as amended from time to time, and may be required to comply with data requests, or requests for information by government authorities and regulators in the United States or other jurisdictions in which we operate and any resulting enforcement action could have a materially adverse effect on us.
If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property rights, we may experience a loss of revenue and our operations and growth prospects may be materially harmed.
The growth of our business is dependent on increasing sales to our existing customers and obtaining new customers, which, if unsuccessful, could limit our financial performance.

Risks Related to Our Securities

Our failure to maintain compliance with the continued listing requirements of the Nasdaq Capital Market may result in our common stock being delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market which could negatively impact the price of our common stock, liquidity and our ability to access the capital markets.
Our stock price may be volatile.
Sales of our common stock or other securities, or the perception that future sales may occur, may cause the market price of our common stock to decline, even if our business is doing well.
There may be future sales or other dilution of our equity, which may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
We may issue debt and equity securities or securities convertible into equity securities, any of which may be senior to our common stock as to distributions and in liquidation, which could negatively affect the value of our common stock.
If our common stock becomes subject to the penny stock rules, it would become more difficult to trade our shares.
We do not intend to pay cash dividends to our stockholders, so it is unlikely that stockholders will receive any return on their investment in our Company prior to selling our stock.
Some provisions of Nevada law, our Articles of Incorporation and bylaws may deter takeover attempts, which may inhibit a takeover that stockholders consider favorable and limit the opportunity of our stockholders to sell their shares at a favorable price.

Risks Related to the XTI Merger

Our equityholders may not realize a benefit from the XTI Merger commensurate with the ownership dilution they experienced in connection with the XTI Merger.
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The historical unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information may not be representative of the combined company’s results after the merger.
The XTI Merger is expected to cause the Enterprise Apps Spin-off to become taxable to the Company.

Risks Related to the Separation and Distribution of Grafiti Holding and the Damon Business Combination

The distribution of Grafiti Holding Common Shares to participating security holders may not be completed on the currently contemplated timeline, or at all, may cause us to incur more expenses than anticipated and may not achieve the intended benefits.
Certain members of our management and directors are anticipated to hold stock in both XTI Aerospace and Grafiti Holding, and as a result may face actual or potential conflicts of interest.
The distribution is a taxable event and shareholders may need to use cash from other sources to cover your tax liability.
The consummation of the Damon Business Combination is subject to a number of conditions and if those conditions are not satisfied or waived, the Business Combination Agreement may be terminated in accordance with its terms and the Damon Business Combination may not be completed.
XTI Aerospace, Grafiti Holding and each of their officers and directors are, or may in the future be, subject to claims, suits and other legal proceedings, including challenging the Damon Business Combination, that may result in adverse outcomes, including preventing the Damon Business Combination from becoming effective or from becoming effective within the expected time frame.
The announcement of the proposed Damon Business Combination could disrupt XTI Aerospace’s, Grafiti Holding’s and Damon’s relationships with their respective customers, suppliers, business partners and others, as well as their operating results and business generally.
The exercise of the XTI Aerospace or Grafiti Holding's directors’ and executive officers’ discretion in agreeing to changes or waivers in the terms of the Damon Business Combination may result in a conflict of interest when determining whether such changes to the terms of the Damon Business Combination or waivers of conditions are appropriate and in Inpixon or Grafiti Holding shareholders’ best interest.
Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

We have a limited operating history and have not yet manufactured any non-prototype aircraft, delivered any aircraft to customers or generated any revenues from our aircraft business, and we may never develop or manufacture any VTOL aircraft.

We have a limited operating history in the VTOL aircraft industry. Our primary VTOL aircraft product is the TriFan 600 (the “aircraft”, “Aircraft” or the “TriFan 600”), which is currently in the developmental stage. If we are successful in commercially producing the Aircraft, we do not expect to be able to obtain approval from the FAA and regulatory bodies in other countries, and commence deliveries until 2028 at the earliest, if at all. We have no experience as an organization in high volume manufacturing of the Aircraft or any other type of aircraft. We cannot assure you that we or our partners will be able to develop efficient, automated, cost-efficient manufacturing capabilities and processes and reliable sources of component supplies that will enable us to meet the quality, price, engineering, design and production standards, as well as the production volumes, required to successfully mass market our aircraft. You should consider our business and prospects in light of the risks and significant challenges we face as a new entrant into our industry, including, among other things, with respect to our ability to:

design and produce safe, reliable and quality aircraft on an ongoing basis;
obtain the necessary regulatory approvals in a timely manner;
build a well-recognized and respected brand;
establish and expand our customer base;
successfully service our aircraft after sales and maintain a good flow of spare parts and customer goodwill;
improve and maintain our operational efficiency;
predict our future revenues and appropriately budget for our expenses;
attract, retain and motivate talented employees;
anticipate trends that may emerge and affect our business;
anticipate and adapt to changing market conditions, including technological developments and changes in our
competitive landscape; and
navigate an evolving and complex regulatory environment.

If we fail to adequately address any or all of these risks and challenges, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected. There is no assurance that we will ever be profitable or generate sufficient
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revenue to pay dividends to the holders of our common stock. We do not believe we will be able to generate revenues from the sale of aircraft without successfully securing FAA certification of the TriFan 600 aircraft, which involves substantial risk. As a result, we are dependent upon raising sufficient financing to fund the Company until the TriFan 600’s first flight, including building the first test aircraft. At the time of this filing and based on Legacy XTI's conclusion of its Preliminary Design Review (“PDR”) in 2022, we estimate this amount to be approximately $300 million in capital, net of anticipated aircraft deposits. If planned operating levels are changed, higher operating costs encountered, lower sales revenue received, more time is needed to implement the plan, or less funding is received from customer deposits or sales, more investor funds than currently anticipated may be required. Additional difficulties may be encountered prior to FAA certification, such as unanticipated problems relating to development, testing, and initial and continuing regulatory compliance, vendor manufacturing costs, production and assembly, and the competitive and regulatory environments in which we intend to operate. If additional capital is not available when required, or is not available on acceptable terms, we may be forced to modify or abandon our business plan.

There is a possibility that we may not be able to continue as a “going concern".

We have adopted ASU No. 2014-15, “Disclosure of Uncertainties about the Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern.” We have concluded that there is an uncertainty about our ability to continue as a going concern and our independent auditors have incorporated this into their opinion of our 2023 audited financial statements, accordingly. This opinion could materially limit our ability to raise additional funds by issuing new debt or equity securities or otherwise. If we fail to raise sufficient capital when needed, we will not be able to complete our proposed business plan. As a result, we may have to liquidate our business and investors may lose their investments. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on our ability to successfully accomplish our plan of operations described herein, obtain financing and eventually attain profitable operations.

Operating aircrafts carry a degree of inherent risk. Accidents or incidents involving VTOL aircrafts, us or our competitors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Test flying a prototype aircraft is inherently risky, and accidents or incidents involving our aircraft are possible. Any such occurrence would negatively impact our development, testing and certification efforts, and could result in re-design, certification delay and/or postponements or delays to the sales of our aircraft.

The operation of an aircraft is subject to various risks, and we expect demand for our aircraft to be impacted by accidents or other safety issues regardless of whether such accidents or issues involve our aircraft. Such accidents or incidents could also have a material impact on our ability to obtain certification from the FAA and/or international regulators for our aircraft, or to obtain such certification in a timely manner. Such events could impact confidence in a particular aircraft type or the air transportation services industry as a whole, particularly if such accidents or disasters were due to a safety fault. We believe that regulators and the general public are still forming opinions about the safety and utility of various new types of VTOL aircraft, particularly “air taxis”, which are also known as “eVTOLs.” An accident or incident involving either our VTOL aircraft or an eVTOL aircraft during these early stages of opinion formation could have a disproportionate impact on the longer-term view of the advanced VTOL aircraft market generally.

There may be heightened public skepticism of new types of VTOL aircraft and its adopters. In particular, there could be negative public perception surrounding air taxis, including the overall safety and the potential for injuries or death occurring as a result of accidents involving them, regardless of whether any such safety incidents involve our aircraft. Any of the foregoing risks and challenges could adversely affect the combined company’s prospects, business, financial condition and results of operations.

We are at risk of adverse publicity stemming from any public incident involving our company, our people, our brand or other companies in our industry. Such an incident could involve the actual or alleged behavior of any of our employees or third-party contractors. Further, if our personnel, our aircraft or other types of aircraft are involved in a public incident, accident, catastrophe or regulatory enforcement action, we could be exposed to significant reputational harm and potential legal liability. The insurance we carry may be inapplicable or inadequate to cover any such incident, accident, catastrophe or action. In the event that our insurance is inapplicable or inadequate, we may be forced to bear substantial losses from an incident or accident. In addition, any such incident, accident, catastrophe or action involving our employees, our aircraft or other types of aircraft could create an adverse public perception, which could harm our reputation, result in passengers being reluctant to use our services and adversely impact our business, results of operations and financial condition.

The remainder of the development period for the TriFan 600 may take longer than anticipated.
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Even if it meets its development schedule, we do not expect to deliver certified aircraft to customers until 2028 at the earliest. As a result, the receipt of significant revenues is not anticipated until that time and may occur later than projected, as our previous development schedule has been delayed. We depend on receiving large amounts of capital and other financing to complete our development work, with no assurance that we will be successful in completing our development work or becoming profitable.

We operate in highly competitive markets and we may be required to reduce the prices for some of our products and services to remain competitive, which could adversely affect our results of operations.
The TriFan 600 potentially competes with a variety of aircraft manufacturers in the United States and abroad. Further, we could face competition from competitors of whom we are not aware that have developed or are developing technologies that will offer alternatives to the TriFan 600. Competitors could develop an aircraft that renders the TriFan 600 less competitive than we believe it will become. Many existing potential competitors are well-established, have or may have longer-standing relationships with customers and potential business partners, have or may have greater name recognition, and have or may have access to significantly greater financial, technical and marketing resources. Other manufacturers may be developing a light, fixed-wing, VTOL aircraft with performance similar to that of the TriFan 600.
The RTLS industry is developing rapidly and related technology trends are constantly evolving. In this environment, we face, among other things, significant price competition from our competitors. As a result, we may be forced to reduce the prices of the products and services we sell in response to offerings made by our competitors and may not be able to maintain the level of bargaining power that we have enjoyed in the past when negotiating the prices of our products and services.
Our profitability is dependent on the prices we are able to charge for our products and services. The prices we are able to charge for our products and services are affected by a number of factors, including:
our customers’ perceptions of our ability to add value through our products and services;
introduction of new products or services by us or our competitors;
our competitors’ pricing policies;
our ability to charge higher prices where market demand or the value of our products or services justifies it;
procurement practices of our customers; and
general economic and political conditions.
If we are not able to maintain favorable pricing for our products and services, our results of operations could be adversely affected.

The market for a civilian long-range fixed-wing VTOL aircraft is new and untested. If such market does not respond at the level we expect or if it fails to grow as large as we expect, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be harmed.

The market for a civilian long-range fixed-wing VTOL aircraft is completely new and untested. Our success in this market is dependent upon our ability to effectively market and sell travel and other applications by the TriFan 600 as a substitute for conventional methods of air transportation (i.e., helicopters and/or light and mid-size business aircraft) and the effectiveness of our other marketing and growth efforts. If the public does not respond as expected as a result of concerns regarding safety, affordability or for other reasons, then the market for our offerings may not develop, may develop more slowly than we expect or may not achieve the growth potential we expect, any of which could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Developing new products and technologies entails significant risks and uncertainties.

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Delays or cost overruns in the development or certification of the TriFan 600 and failure of the product to meet its performance estimates is likely to affect our financial performance. Delays and increased costs may be caused by unanticipated technological hurdles, changes to design or failure on the part of our suppliers to deliver components as agreed. This may further delay the development and/or certification of the TriFan 600.

Additionally, the TriFan 600 may not perform at the level we expect or may contain defects in design and manufacture that may cause them not to perform as expected or that may require repair. It is not possible to fully replicate every operating condition and validate the long-term durability of every aspect of our aircraft in testing prior to its use in service. In some instances, we may need to continue to rely upon projections and models to validate the projected performance of our aircraft over their lifetime. Therefore, similar to most aerospace products, there is a risk that our aircraft may suffer unforeseen faults, defect or other issues in service. Such faults, defects and other issues may require significant additional research and development to rectify and could involve suspension of operation of our aircraft until any such defects can be cured. There can be no assurance that such research and development efforts would result in viable products or cure any such defects. Obtaining the necessary data and results may take longer than planned or may not be obtained at all. Any such delays or setbacks could have a material adverse effect on our reputation and our ability to achieve our projected timelines and financial goals.

Our aircraft may require maintenance at frequencies or at costs that are greater than expected.

The TriFan 600, when produced, is anticipated to require regular maintenance and support. We are still developing our understanding of the long-term maintenance profile of the aircraft, and if useful lifetimes are shorter than expected, this may lead to greater maintenance costs than previously anticipated. If the TriFan 600 and related equipment require maintenance more frequently than we plan for or at costs that exceed our estimates, that would have an impact on the sales of our aircraft and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

There may be a shortage of pilots and mechanics who meet the training standards required, which could reduce our ability to sell our aircraft at scale and on our expected timelines.

There is a shortage of pilots that is expected to exacerbate over time as more pilots in the industry approach mandatory retirement age. Similarly, trained and qualified aircraft and aviation mechanics are also in short supply. If these shortages continue, the aviation industry as a whole and our business may face challenges.

The pre-orders we have received for our aircraft are non-binding, conditional or written expressions of interest and may be terminated at any time prior to execution of a definitive purchase agreement. If these pre-orders are cancelled, modified, delayed or not placed in accordance with the terms agreed with each party, our business, results of operations, liquidity and cash flow will be materially adversely affected.

We have a pre-sales program which includes refundable deposits for TriFan 600 aircraft. Most pre-orders do not include deposits. The deposits we have received do not create an obligation on the part of the customer to purchase an aircraft, and a customer may request the full return of its refundable deposit. Most pre-orders are subject to the execution of a definitive purchase agreement between us and each party that contains the final terms for the purchase of our aircraft, including, but not limited to, the final number of aircraft to be purchased and the timing for delivery of the aircraft. Some or most customers might not transition to non-refundable purchase contracts until prior to aircraft delivery, if at all. Aircraft customers might respond to weak economic conditions or competitive alternatives in the market by canceling orders, resulting in lower demand for our aircraft and other materials, such as parts, services, and training, from which we expect to generate additional revenue. Such events would have a material adverse effect on our financial results and/or liquidity. For more detailed information regarding our material pre-orders, see "Key Agreement" under Part I, Item 1 herein.

Operations could be adversely affected by interruptions of production that are beyond our control.

We intend to produce the TriFan 600 and its derivatives using systems, components and parts developed and manufactured by third-party suppliers. This supply chain exposes us to multiple potential sources of delivery failure or component shortages for our aircraft, most of which are out of our control, including shortages of, or disruptions in the supply of, the raw materials used by our partners in the manufacture of components, disruptions to our partners’ workforce (such as strikes or labor shortfalls) and disruptions to, or capacity constraints affecting, shipping and logistics. Such suppliers may be subject to additional risks such as financial problems that limit their ability to conduct their operations. If any of these third parties experience difficulties, it may have a direct negative impact on us.

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While we believe that we may be able to establish alternate supply relationships and can obtain replacement components, we may be unable to do so in the short term or at all at prices that are acceptable to us or may need to recertify components. We may experience source disruptions in our or our partners’ supply chains, which may cause delays in our overall production process for both prototype and commercial production aircraft.

If we needed to find alternative suppliers for any of the key components of our aircraft, then this could increase our costs and adversely affect our ability to receive such components on a timely basis, or at all, which could cause significant delays in our overall projected timelines for the delivery of our aircraft and adversely affect our relationships with our customers.

In addition, if we experience a significant increase in demand, or need to replace our existing suppliers, there can be no assurance that additional suppliers of component parts will be available when required on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all, or that any supplier would allocate sufficient supplies to us in order to meet our requirements or fill our orders in a timely manner. Further, if we are unable to manage successfully our relationships with all of our suppliers and partners, the quality and availability of our aircraft may be harmed. Our suppliers or partners could, under some circumstances, decline to accept new purchase orders from, or otherwise reduce their business with, us. Any disruptions in the supply of components from our suppliers and partners could lead to delays in aircraft production, which would materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results.

Further, if any conflicts arise between our suppliers or partners and us, the other party may act in a manner adverse to us and could limit our ability to implement our business strategies, which could impact our projected production timelines and number of aircraft produced. Our suppliers or partners may also develop, either alone or with others, products in related fields that are competitive with our products as a result of any conflicts or disagreements. Any disagreements or conflicts with our suppliers or partners could have an adverse effect on our reputation, which could also negatively impact our ability to source new suppliers or partners.

Any changes in business conditions, wars, governmental changes, political intervention and other factors beyond our control or which we do not presently anticipate, could also affect our partners’ and suppliers’ abilities to deliver components to us on a timely basis, which could have a material adverse effect on our overall timelines to produce our aircraft. We do not control our suppliers or partners or such parties’ labor and other legal compliance practices, including their environmental, health and safety practices. If our current suppliers or partners, or any other suppliers or partners which we may use in the future, violates any specific laws or regulations, we may be subjected to extra duties, significant monetary penalties, adverse publicity, the seizure and forfeiture of products that we are attempting to import or the loss of our import privileges. The effects of these factors could render the conduct of our business in a particular country undesirable or impractical and have a negative impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We will require FAA certification, and a delay in receiving such certification could adversely affect our prospects, business, financial condition and results of operations.

The TriFan 600 is still in the development stage, and we are still working to obtain FAA type certification of the TriFan 600. Certification by the FAA will be required for the sale of the TriFan 600 in the civil or commercial market in the United States. The process to obtain such certification is expensive and time consuming and has inherent engineering risks. These include (but are not limited to) ground test risks such as structural strength and fatigue resistance, and structural flutter modes. Flight test risks include (but are not limited to) stability and handling over the desired center-of-gravity range, performance extremes (stalls, balked-landing climb, single-engine climb), and flutter control effectiveness (aircraft roll effectiveness, controllability, various control failure safety). Delays in FAA certification can be expected to result in us incurring increased costs in attempting to correct any issues causing such delays. Also, the impact of new or changed laws or regulations on the TriFan 600’s certification or the costs of complying with such laws and regulations cannot be predicted.

Our estimates of market demand may be inaccurate.

We have projected the market for the TriFan 600 based upon a variety of internal and external market data. The estimates involve assumptions, which may not be realized in fact. There can be no assurance that our estimates for the number of TriFan 600 aircraft that may be sold in the market will be as anticipated. In the event that we have not accurately estimated the market size for and the number of TriFan 600 aircraft that we can sell, it could have a material adverse effect upon us and our results from operations.

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If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property rights, we may experience a loss of revenue and our operations and growth prospects may be materially harmed.
We have not registered copyrights on any of the software we have developed, and while we may register copyrights in the software if needed before bringing suit for copyright infringement, such registration can introduce delays before suit of over three years and can constrain damages for infringement. We rely upon confidentiality agreements signed by our employees, consultants and third parties to protect our intellectual property. We cannot assure you that we can adequately protect our intellectual property or successfully prosecute actual or potential infringement of our intellectual property rights. In addition, we cannot assure you that others will not copy or reproduce aspects of our intellectual property and our products, or that others will not assert rights in, or ownership of, trademarks and other proprietary rights of ours or that we will be able to successfully resolve these types of conflicts to our satisfaction. Our failure to protect our intellectual property rights may result in a loss of revenue and could materially adversely affect our operations and financial condition.
Although we have received patents issued by the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) (design patent D741247 and utility patent US 9,676,479) and various foreign patents for the TriFan 600, there is no guarantee that we will receive one or more additional patents for which we will apply to the USPTO or for which we have applied or will apply in foreign jurisdictions. If one or more of any of our existing or future patents are challenged by a third party (such as a claim of invalidity of our patents or a claim of infringement against us), the federal courts would determine whether we are entitled to patent protection. If we fail to successfully enforce our proprietary technology or otherwise maintain the proprietary nature of our intellectual property used in the TriFan 600 aircraft, our competitive position could suffer. Notwithstanding our efforts to protect our intellectual property, our competitors may independently develop similar or alternative technologies or products that are equal to or superior to our TriFan 600 technology without infringing on any of our intellectual property rights or design around our proprietary technologies. There is no guarantee that the USPTO will issue one or more additional patents to us or that any court will rule in our favor in the event of a dispute related to our intellectual property. In the absence of further patent protection, it may be more difficult for us to achieve commercial production of the TriFan 600.
In addition, any patents issued in the future may not provide us with any competitive advantages, and our patent applications may never be granted. The process of obtaining patent protection is expensive and time-consuming, and we may not be able to prosecute all necessary or desirable patent applications at a reasonable cost or in a timely manner. Even if issued, there can be no assurance that these patents will adequately protect our intellectual property, as the legal standards relating to the validity, enforceability and scope of protection of patent and other intellectual property rights are complex and often uncertain and are subject to change that can affect validity of patents issued under previous legal standards, particularly with respect to the law of subject matter eligibility. Our inability to protect our property rights could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and growth prospects.
Our proprietary software is protected by common law copyright laws, as opposed to registration under copyright statutes. We have not registered copyrights on any of the proprietary software we have developed. Our performance and ability to compete are dependent to a significant degree on our proprietary technology. Common law protection may be narrower than that which we could obtain under registered copyrights. As a result, we may experience difficulty in enforcing our copyrights against certain third party infringements. As part of our confidentiality-protection procedures, we generally enter into agreements with our employees and consultants and limit access to, and distribution of, our software, documentation and other proprietary information. There can be no assurance that the steps we have taken will prevent misappropriation of our technology or that agreements entered into for that purpose will be enforceable. The laws of other countries may afford us little or no protection of our intellectual property. We also rely on a variety of technology that we license from third parties. There can be no assurance that these third party technology licenses will continue to be available to us on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. The loss of or inability to maintain or obtain upgrades to any of these technology licenses could result in delays in completing software enhancements and new development until equivalent technology could be identified, licensed or developed and integrated. Any such delays would materially and adversely affect our business.

Our ability to use net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes from the Legacy XTI business may be limited.

As of December 31, 2023, Legacy XTI estimates that it has federal net operating loss carryforwards (“NOLs”) in excess of $10 million, of which approximately $1.4 million will begin to expire in 2036 and the remainder do not expire. Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, federal NOLs generated by us in tax years through December 31, 2017 may be carried forward for 20 years and may fully offset taxable income in the year utilized and federal NOLs generated by us in tax years beginning after
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December 31, 2017 may be carried forward indefinitely but may only be used to offset 80% of our taxable income annually. Under Sections 382 and 383 of the Code, if a corporation undergoes an “ownership change,” the corporation’s ability to use its pre-change federal NOLs and other tax attributes (such as research and development tax credits) to offset its post-change income and taxes may be limited. In general, an “ownership change” occurs if there is a greater than 50 percentage point change (by value) in a corporation’s equity ownership by certain stockholders over a rolling three-year period. We may have experienced ownership changes in the past and may experience ownership changes in the future as a result of subsequent shifts in our stock ownership (some of which shifts are outside our control). As a result, our ability to use Legacy XTI's pre-change federal NOLs and other tax attributes to offset future taxable income and taxes could be subject to limitations. Similar provisions of state tax law may also apply. For these reasons, even if we achieve profitability, we may be unable to use a material portion of Legacy XTI's NOLs and other tax attributes which may have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We may enter into joint venture, teaming and other arrangements, and these activities involve risks and uncertainties. A failure of any such relationship could have material adverse results on our business and results of operations.

We may enter into joint venture, teaming and other arrangements. These activities involve risks and uncertainties, including the risk of the joint venture or applicable entity failing to satisfy its obligations, which may result in certain liabilities to us for guarantees and other commitments, the challenges in achieving strategic objectives and expected benefits of the business arrangement, the risk of conflicts arising between us and our partners and the difficulty of managing and resolving such conflicts, and the difficulty of managing or otherwise monitoring such business arrangements. In addition, we do not currently have arrangements in place that will allow us to fully execute our business plan, including, without limitation, final supply and manufacturing agreements. Moreover, existing or future arrangements may contain limitations on our ability to enter into arrangements with other partners. A failure of our business relationships could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

If we are unable to obtain and maintain adequate facilities and infrastructure, we may be unable to develop and manufacture the aircraft as expected.

In order to develop and manufacture our aircraft, we must be able to obtain and maintain adequate facilities and infrastructure. We may be unsuccessful in obtaining, developing and/or maintaining these facilities in a commercially viable manner. Even if we are able to begin assembly operations in these facilities, maintenance of these facilities will require considerable capital expenditure as we expand operations. We cannot provide any assurance that we will be successful in obtaining and maintaining adequate facilities and infrastructure, and any failure to do so may result in our inability to develop and manufacture our aircraft as expected or on the timelines projected, which would adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The residual effects of the COVID-19 pandemic could adversely affect our business, operations, financial condition and results of operations, and the extent to which the effects of the pandemic will impact our business, operations, financial condition and results of operations remains uncertain.

While the unprecedented challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic over the last few years have mostly subsided, there continue to be residual effects such as remote and hybrid work that may continue to impact our business and the business of our customers. We continue to operate all of our services, but the extent to which the remaining effects of the pandemic will impact our business, operations, financial condition and results of operations is uncertain, and hard to predict and will depend on numerous evolving factors that we may not be able to control or predict including:

● the impact of recurring variants of the COVID-19 virus and their impact on our employees and key personnel, our operations and our customers and partners;

● any disruption of our supply chain and the impact of such disruptions on our suppliers or our ability to deliver products and services to our customers;

● our continued ability to execute on business continuity plans for the maintenance of our critical internet infrastructure, while most of our employees continue to work remotely; and

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● any negative impact on the demand for our services and products resulting from the economic disruption caused by the pandemic and responses thereto such as remote and hybrid work styles that can negatively impact our indoor intelligence solutions.

We are subject to risks associated with climate change, including the potential increased impacts of severe weather events on our operations and infrastructure.

The potential physical effects of climate change, such as increased frequency and severity of high wind conditions, storms, floods, fires, fog, mist, freezing conditions, sea-level rise and other climate-related events, could affect our operations, infrastructure and financial results. Climate change risks could result in but are not limited to operational risk from the physical effect of climate events on our terminal facilities, production facilities and other assets, as well as transitional risks, including new or more stringent regulatory requirements, increased monitoring and disclosure requirements, and potential effects on our reputation and/or changes in our business. We could incur significant costs to improve the climate resiliency of our aircraft or infrastructure and otherwise prepare for, respond to, and mitigate such physical effects of climate change. We are not able to accurately predict the materiality of any potential losses or costs associated with the physical effects of climate change.

Market and regulatory trends to reduce climate change may not evolve in the direction and within the timing expected, which could have a negative impact in our business plan.

A number of governments globally have introduced or are moving to introduce climate change legislation and treaties at the international, national, state/provincial and local levels. Regulation relating to emission levels and energy efficiency is becoming more stringent and is gaining more widespread market approval, as consumers expect companies to play a role in addressing climate change. Our business plan is predicated in part on the idea that market and regulatory trends favoring such “clean” energy and addressing climate change will continue to evolve in our favor. However, any change or reversal in such market and regulatory trends, such as less focus on climate-friendly solutions or less stringent legislation with respect to emissions, could result in lower demand for our aircraft and have an adverse effect on our business.

Investors’ expectations of our performance relating to environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) factors may impose additional costs and expose us to new risks.

There is an increasing focus from investors, employees, customers and other stakeholders concerning corporate responsibility, specifically related to ESG matters. Some investors may use these non-financial performance factors to guide their investment strategies and, in some cases, may choose not to invest in us if they believe our policies and actions relating to corporate responsibility are inadequate. The growing investor demand for measurement of non-financial performance is addressed by third-party providers of sustainability assessments and ratings with respect to public companies. The criteria by which our corporate responsibility practices are assessed may change due to changes in the sustainability landscape, which could cause us to undertake costly initiatives to satisfy such new criteria. If we elect not to or are unable to satisfy such new criteria, investors may conclude that our policies and/or actions with respect to corporate social responsibility are inadequate. We may face reputational damage in the event that we do not meet the ESG standards set by various constituencies.

We may not be able to secure adequate insurance policies, or secure insurance policies at reasonable prices.

We maintain a variety of insurance policies, and we believe our level of coverage is customary in our stage of development and industry and adequate to protect against claims. However, there can be no assurance that it will be sufficient to cover potential claims or that present levels of coverage will be available in the future at reasonable cost. Insurers may be unwilling to cover the risks associated with the TriFan 600 technology, either partially or at all. Further, we expect our insurance needs and costs to increase as we build production facilities, manufacture aircraft, establish commercial operations and expand into new markets.
We have historically had a strategic acquisition strategy and since 2014 have completed several strategic transactions including acquisitions and dispositions. We completed the spin-off of our VAR business in August 2018, which included our legacy value added reseller business, the Enterprise Apps Spin-off in March 2023 and the divestiture of our SAVES and Shoom businesses in two separate transactions in December 2023 and February 2024, which may make it difficult for potential investors to evaluate our future business. Our RTLS business has developed through multiple acquisition transactions. Furthermore, due to the risks and uncertainties related to the acquisition of new businesses, any such acquisition does not guarantee that we will be able to attain profitability.

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We have a strategic acquisition strategy and since 2014 we completed several strategic transactions and spin-offs. In August 2018, we completed the spin-off of our VAR business, and in 2019 we completed several other acquisition transactions to expand our product portfolio. In 2020, we acquired the Nanotron business, an exclusive license for the distribution and marketing of the SAVES software expanding our operations in the United Kingdom and Germany. In 2021, we acquired 100% of the outstanding capital stock of IntraNav GmbH, an industrial IoT (IIoT), real-time location system (RTLS), and sensor data services provider and 100% of the outstanding capital stock of Design Reactor, Inc. In 2023, we completed the spin-off of our enterprise apps business. In December 2023, we transferred the UK division of our SAVES business to Grafiti Holding in connection with spin-off and planned distributions of all of the shares of Grafiti Holding to our shareholders pending the effectiveness of a registration statement. In February 2024, we divested the remainder of the SAVES and Shoom business in a stock purchase transaction. Our limited operating history after such acquisitions and divestitures makes it difficult for potential investors to evaluate our business or prospective operations or the merits of an investment in our securities. With respect to acquisitions, we are subject to the risks inherent in the financing, expenditures, complications and delays characteristic of a newly combined business. These risks are described below under the risk factor titled “Any future acquisitions that we may make could disrupt our business, cause dilution to our stockholders and harm our business, financial condition or operating results.” In addition, while the Company has received indemnification protections in connection with these acquisitions from undisclosed liabilities, there may not be adequate resources to cover such indemnity. Furthermore, there are risks that the vendors, suppliers and customers of any of the businesses we have acquired may not renew their relationships for which there is no indemnification. Accordingly, our business and success faces risks from uncertainties inherent to developing companies in a competitive environment. There can be no assurance that our efforts will be successful or that we will ultimately be able to attain profitability.
We may not be able to successfully integrate the business and operations of entities that we have acquired, been acquired by or may acquire in the future into our ongoing business operations, which may result in our inability to fully realize the intended benefits of these acquisitions, or may disrupt our current operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position and/or results of operations.
We continue to integrate the technology and operations acquired in connection with our recent acquisitions, including but not limited to Legacy XTI and the Nanotron and Intranav technology and operations. This process involves complex operational, technological and personnel-related challenges, which are time-consuming and expensive and may disrupt our ongoing business operations. Furthermore, integration involves a number of risks, including, but not limited to:
difficulties or complications in combining the companies’ operations;
differences in controls, procedures and policies, regulatory standards and business cultures among the combined companies;
the diversion of management’s attention from our ongoing core business operations;
increased exposure to certain governmental regulations and compliance requirements;
the potential increase in operating costs;
the potential loss of key personnel;
the potential loss of key customers or suppliers who choose not to do business with the combined business;
difficulties or delays in consolidating the acquired companies’ technology platforms, including implementing systems designed to maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting for the combined company and enable the Company to continue to comply with U.S. GAAP and applicable U.S. securities laws and regulations;
unanticipated costs to successfully integrate operations, technologies, personnel of acquired businesses and other assumed contingent liabilities;
difficulty comparing financial reports due to differing financial and/or internal reporting systems;
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making any necessary modifications to internal financial control standards to comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder; and/or
possible tax costs or inefficiencies associated with integrating the operations of the combined company.
These factors could cause us to not fully realize the anticipated financial and/or strategic benefits of the acquisitions and the recent reorganization, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.
Even if we are able to successfully operate the acquired businesses, we may not be able to realize the revenue and other synergies and growth that we anticipated from these acquisitions in the time frame that we currently expect, and the costs of achieving these benefits may be higher than what we currently expect, because of a number of risks, including, but not limited to:
the possibility that the acquisition may not further our business strategy as we expected;
the possibility that we may not be able to expand the reach and customer base for the acquired companies' current and future products as expected;
the possibility that we may have entered a market with no prior experience and may not succeed in the manner expected; and
the possibility that the carrying amounts of goodwill and other purchased intangible assets may not be recoverable.
As a result of these risks, the acquisitions and integration may not contribute to our earnings as expected, we may not achieve expected revenue synergies or our return on invested capital targets when expected, or at all, and we may not achieve the other anticipated strategic and financial benefits of the acquisitions and the reorganization.
The risks arising with respect to the historic business and operations of our recent acquisition targets may be different from what we anticipate, which could significantly increase the costs and decrease the benefits of the acquisition and materially and adversely affect our operations going forward.
Although we performed significant financial, legal, technological and business due diligence with respect to our recent acquisition targets, we may not have appreciated, understood or fully anticipated the extent of the risks associated with the acquisitions. We have secured indemnification for certain matters in connection with our recent acquisitions in order to mitigate the consequences of breaches of representations, warranties and covenants under the applicable merger or acquisition agreements and the risks associated with historic operations, including those with respect to compliance with laws, accuracy of financial statements, financial reporting controls and procedures, tax matters and undisclosed liabilities, and certain matters known to us. We believe that the indemnification provisions of the merger agreements, together with any applicable holdback escrows and insurance policies that we have in place will limit the economic consequences of the issues we have identified in our due diligence to acceptable levels. Notwithstanding our exercise of due diligence and risk mitigation strategies, the risks of acquiring target companies with historic businesses and operations may expose us to unknown or contingent liabilities and the costs associated with these risks may be greater than we anticipate causing material and adverse impact on our business, liquidity, capital resources or results of operations.

The consummation of the XTI Merger is expected to cause the Enterprise Apps Spin-off to become taxable to the Company.

Although the Enterprise Apps Spin-off was expected to qualify as a tax-free transaction under Section 355 of the Code for our shareholders, the consummation of the XTI Merger and the issuance of Company common stock pursuant to the XTI Merger Agreement is expected to cause the Enterprise Apps Spin-off to become taxable to the Company pursuant to the application of Section 355(e) of the Code. Although the Enterprise Apps Spin-off is expected to be taxable to the Company, the Company does not expect to recognize any material taxable income as a result of the transaction being taxable to it.

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The ongoing impact of the military conflict between Russia and Ukraine and the Israel/Hamas conflict may result in an increase in the likelihood of supply chain constraints, contribute to inflation driving up the cost of material and labor required to make our products, the effects of which remains uncertain and may have a material adverse impact on our business, operations and financial conditions.

The ongoing military conflict between Russia and Ukraine has had an impact on our business and the Israel/Hamas conflict may increase the likelihood of supply interruptions which may hinder our ability to find the materials we need to make our products. Supply disruptions are making it harder for us to find favorable pricing and reliable sources for the materials we need, putting upward pressure on our costs and increasing the risk that we may be unable to acquire the materials and services we need to continue to make certain products. The wider implications of the conflict have contributed to inflation driving up the costs of labor and materials required to make our products. The fluidity and continuation of the Russian conflict may result in additional economic sanctions and other impacts which could have a negative impact on the Company's financial condition, results of operations and cash flows, including decreased sales; supply chain and logistics disruptions; volatility in foreign exchange rates and interest rates; inflationary pressures on materials and labor; and heightened cybersecurity threats. The overall impact on our business of these events continues to remain uncertain and there are no assurances that we will be able to continue to experience the same growth or not be materially adversely affected.

A significant portion of the purchase price related to our strategic acquisitions prior to the XTI Merger was allocated to goodwill and intangible assets that are subject to periodic impairment evaluations. An impairment loss could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

A significant portion of the purchase price related to our strategic acquisitions prior to the XTI Merger was allocated to goodwill and intangible assets that are subject to periodic impairment evaluations. As of December 31, 2023 our previously recorded goodwill (prior to taking into account any goodwill resulting from the XTI Merger) was fully impaired and the net book value of our intangible assets is approximately $2.2 million in connection with the various acquisitions that we have consummated. A future impairment loss could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

As required by current accounting standards, we review intangible assets for impairment either annually or whenever changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. The risk of impairment to goodwill is higher during the early years following an acquisition. This is because the fair values of these assets align very closely with what we paid to acquire the reporting units to which these assets are assigned. As a result, the difference between the carrying value of the reporting unit and its fair value (typically referred to as “headroom”) is smaller at the time of acquisition. Until this headroom grows over time, due to business growth or lower carrying value of the reporting unit, a relatively small decrease in reporting unit fair value can trigger impairment charges. When impairment charges are triggered, they tend to be material due to the size of the assets involved. Our business could be adversely affected, and impairment of goodwill could be triggered, if any of the following were to occur: higher attrition rates than planned as a result of the competitive environment or our inability to provide products and services that are competitive in the marketplace, lower-than-planned adoption rates by customers, higher-than-expected expense levels to provide services to customers, sustained declines in our stock price and related market capitalization and changes in our business model that may impact one or more of these variables. During the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 (prior to taking into account the impact of the XTI Merger), we recorded a goodwill and intangibles impairment charge from continuing operations of $0.0 million and $1.2 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, our goodwill was fully impaired.
Our ability to successfully execute our business plan will require additional debt or equity financing, which may otherwise not be available on reasonable terms or at all.

Based on our current business plan, we will need additional capital to support our operations, which may be satisfied with additional debt or equity financings. To the extent that we raise additional capital by issuing equity securities, such an issuance may cause significant dilution to our stockholders’ ownership and the terms of any new equity securities may have preferences over our common stock. Any debt financing that we enter into may involve covenants that restrict our operations. These restrictive covenants may include limitations on additional borrowing and specific restrictions on the use of our assets, as well as prohibitions on our ability to create liens, pay dividends, redeem its stock or make investments. For example, our Series 9 Preferred Stock contains a number of restrictive covenants, as described under “– The terms of the Series 9 Preferred Stock impose additional challenges on our ability to raise capital.” These restrictive covenants could deter or prevent us from raising additional capital as and when needed. In addition, if we raise additional funds through licensing, partnering or other strategic arrangements, it may be necessary to relinquish rights to some of our technologies and proprietary rights, or grant licenses on
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terms that are not favorable to us. We may also issue incentive awards under our equity incentive plans, which may have additional dilutive effects. We may also be required to recognize non-cash expenses in connection with certain securities we may issue in the future such as convertible notes and warrants, which would adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations.

Our ability to obtain needed financing may be impaired by factors, including the condition of the economy and capital markets, both generally and specifically in our industry, and the fact that we are not profitable, which could affect the availability or cost of future financing. If the amount of capital we are able to raise from financing activities, together with our revenues from operations, is not sufficient to satisfy our capital needs, we may need to reduce our operations by, for example, selling certain assets or business segments.

The terms of the Series 9 Preferred Stock impose additional challenges on our ability to raise capital.

The terms of our Series 9 Preferred Stock contain a number of restrictive covenants that may impose significant operating and financial restrictions on us while the Series 9 Preferred Stock remains outstanding, unless the restrictions are waived by the consent of at least a majority of the outstanding Series 9 Preferred Stock. These restrictions include, but are not limited to, restrictions on our ability to (i) issue or sell any equity securities which result in net proceeds to the Company in excess of an aggregate of $10,000,000, (ii) issue, incur or guaranty any debt (excluding any intercompany debt) or issue any debt or equity securities in any variable rate transaction (which does not include the issuance of shares of common stock in an at-the-market offering, subject to the limitations set forth in the Series 9 Preferred Stock Certificate of Designation), and (iii) create, authorize, or issue, or enter into any agreement to create, authorize, or issue, any class of preferred stock (including additional issuances of Series 9 Preferred Stock).

A breach of the restrictive covenants under the Series 9 Preferred Stock Certificate of Designation could result in an event of default under the Series 9 Preferred Stock Certificate of Designation which may require redemption of the Series 9 Preferred Stock. As a result of these restrictions, we may be limited in how we conduct our business, unable to finance our operations through additional debt or equity financings and/or unable to compete effectively or to take advantage of new business opportunities.
Failure to manage or protect growth may be detrimental to our business because our infrastructure may not be adequate for expansion.
Since formation, our Company has grown significantly with increases in employee headcounts, product lines, physical locations across several countries, and managing of multiple relationships as well as interactions with users, distributors, vendors and other third parties. Our acquisitions may require substantial expansion of our systems, workforce and facilities and our corporate strategy includes plans for continued acquisitions of complementary technologies and businesses in furtherance of our growth plans. We may fail to adequately manage our anticipated future growth. The substantial growth in our operations as a result of our acquisitions has, and is expected to continue to, place a significant strain on our administrative, financial and operational resources, and increase demands on our management and on our operational and administrative systems, controls and other resources. There can be no assurance that our systems, procedures and controls will be adequate to support our operations as they expand. We cannot assure you that our existing personnel, systems, procedures or controls will be adequate to support our operations in the future or that we will be able to successfully implement appropriate measures consistent with our growth strategy. As part of this growth, we may have to implement new operational and financial systems, procedures and controls to expand, train and manage our employee base, and maintain close coordination among our staff. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so, or that if we are able to do so, we will be able to effectively integrate them into our existing staff and systems.
Our corporate strategy contemplates potential future acquisitions and to the extent we acquire other businesses, we will also need to integrate and assimilate new operations, technologies and personnel. The integration of new personnel will continue to result in some disruption to ongoing operations. The ability to effectively manage growth in a rapidly evolving market requires effective planning and management processes. We will need to continue to improve operational, financial and managerial controls, reporting systems and procedures, and will need to continue to expand, train and manage our work force. There can be no assurance that the Company would be able to accomplish such an expansion on a timely basis. If the Company is unable to effect any required expansion and is unable to perform its contracts on a timely and satisfactory basis, its reputation and eligibility to secure additional contracts in the future could be damaged. The failure to perform could also result in contract
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terminations and significant liability, and prompt the Company to restructure the organization or abandon the business of an acquired business. Any such result would adversely affect the Company’s business and financial condition.
Prior to the XTI Merger, we have had a history of operating losses and working capital deficiency and there is no assurance that we will be able to achieve profitability or raise additional financing.
Prior to the XTI Merger, we had a history of operating losses and working capital deficiency. We incurred net losses from continuing operations of approximately $34.4 million and $19.7 million for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. This increase in loss of approximately $14.7 million was primarily attributable to the acquisition costs inclusive of the XTI and Damon transactions in the year ended December 31, 2023 of approximately $4.2 million, the transaction costs in the year ended December 31, 2023 inclusive of the CXApp transaction of approximately $3.1 million, the warrant inducement expense of approximately $3.4 million, the higher interest expense and higher tax provision. The continuation of our Company is dependent upon attaining and maintaining profitable operations in our RTLS business and executing timely on our design, FAA certification and eventual production of the XTI Trifan600 and raising additional capital as needed, but there can be no assurance that we will be able to raise any further financing.
Our ability to generate positive cash flow from operations was dependent upon sustaining certain cost reductions and generating sufficient revenues. Our revenues decreased by 25% as compared to the same period for 2022 as a result of longer sales cycles, economic uncertainty for our customers and our transition to a recurring revenue model. We will need to grow our revenues to sufficiently fund our operations and cover our operating losses.

Our management is evaluating options and strategic transactions and continuing to market and promote our new products and technologies, however, there is no guarantee that these efforts will be successful or that we will be able to achieve or sustain profitability. Even if we are able to successfully develop and sell our aircraft, there can be no assurance that the aircraft will be commercially successful and achieve or sustain profitability. We expect the rate at which we will incur losses to be significantly higher in future periods as we, among other things, certify and assemble our aircraft, deploy our facilities, build up inventories of parts and components for our aircraft, increase our sales and marketing activities, develop our manufacturing infrastructure and increase our general and administrative functions to support our growing operations. These efforts may not result in the Company reaching profitability, which would further increase our losses. We have funded our operations primarily with proceeds from public and private offerings of our common stock and secured and unsecured debt instruments. Our history of operating losses and cash uses, our projections of the level of cash that will be required for our operations to reach profitability, and the terms of the financing transactions that we completed in the past, may impair our ability to raise capital on terms that we consider reasonable and at the levels that we will require over the coming months. In addition, to the extent that we are unable to pay our obligations under our secured promissory note with the U.S. Small Business Administration, or any other future secured debt, the creditor could proceed against any or all of the collateral securing our indebtedness to it. We cannot provide any assurances that we will be able to secure additional funding from public or private offerings or debt financings on terms acceptable to us, if at all. If we are unable to obtain the requisite amount of financing needed to fund our planned operations, it would have a material adverse effect on our business and ability to continue as a going concern, and we may have to curtail, or even to cease, certain operations. If additional funds are raised through the issuance of equity securities or convertible debt securities, it will be dilutive to our stockholders and could result in a decrease in our stock price.

Our business depends on experienced and skilled personnel, and if we are unable to attract and integrate skilled personnel, it will be more difficult for us to manage our business and complete contracts.
The success of our business depends on the skill of our personnel. Accordingly, it is critical that we maintain, and continue to build, a highly experienced management team and specialized workforce, including those who create software programs and sales professionals. Competition for personnel with skill sets specific to our industry is high, and identifying candidates with the appropriate qualifications can be costly and difficult. We may not be able to hire the necessary personnel to implement our business strategy given our anticipated hiring needs, or we may need to provide higher compensation or more training to our personnel than we currently anticipate.
Our business is labor intensive and our success depends on our ability to attract, retain, train, educate, and motivate highly skilled employees, including employees who may become part of our organization in connection with our acquisitions. The increase in demand for consulting, technology integration and managed services has further increased the need for employees with specialized skills or significant experience in these areas. Our ability to expand our operations will be highly dependent on our ability to attract a sufficient number of highly skilled employees and to retain our employees and the
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employees of companies that we have acquired. We may not be successful in attracting and retaining enough employees to achieve our desired expansion or staffing plans. Furthermore, the industry turnover rates for these types of employees are high and we may not be successful in retaining, training or motivating our employees. Any inability to attract, retain, train and motivate employees could impair our ability to adequately manage and complete existing projects and to accept new customer engagements. Such inability may also force us to increase our hiring of independent contractors, which may increase our costs and reduce our profitability on customer engagements. We must also devote substantial managerial and financial resources to monitoring and managing our workforce. Our future success will depend on our ability to manage the levels and related costs of our workforce.
In the event we are unable to attract, hire and retain the requisite personnel and subcontractors, we may experience delays in completing contracts in accordance with project schedules and budgets, which may have an adverse effect on our financial results, harm our reputation and cause us to curtail our pursuit of new contracts. Further, any increase in demand for personnel may result in higher costs, causing us to exceed the budget on a contract, which in turn may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results and harm our relationships with our customers.
Any future acquisitions that we may make could disrupt our business, cause dilution to our stockholders and harm our business, financial condition or operating results.
If we are successful in consummating acquisitions, those acquisitions could subject us to a number of risks, including, but not limited to:
the purchase price we pay and/or unanticipated costs could significantly deplete our cash reserves or result in dilution to our existing stockholders;
we may find that the acquired company or technologies do not improve our market position as planned;
we may have difficulty integrating the operations and personnel of the acquired company, as the combined operations will place significant demands on the Company’s management, technical, financial and other resources;
key personnel and customers of the acquired company may terminate their relationships with the acquired company as a result of the acquisition;
we may experience additional financial and accounting challenges and complexities in areas such as tax planning and financial reporting;
we may assume or be held liable for risks and liabilities (including environmental-related costs) as a result of our acquisitions, some of which we may not be able to discover during our due diligence investigation or adequately adjust for in our acquisition arrangements;
our ongoing business and management’s attention may be disrupted or diverted by transition or integration issues and the complexity of managing geographically or culturally diverse enterprises;
we may incur one-time write-offs or restructuring charges in connection with the acquisition;
we may acquire goodwill and other intangible assets that are subject to amortization or impairment tests, which could result in future charges to earnings; and
we may not be able to realize the cost savings or other financial benefits we anticipated.
We cannot assure you that, following any acquisition, our continued business will achieve sales levels, profitability, efficiencies or synergies that justify the acquisition or that the acquisition will result in increased earnings for us in any future period. These factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.
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Any future disposition of assets and business could have material and adverse effect on business, financial conditions, and operations, if not consummated in a timely manner.
As part of our corporate strategy, our management considers and evaluates opportunities involving dispositions of assets and business. Such transactions may expose us to unknown or unforeseeable challenges resulting in disruption of business operations, loss of key personnel and ongoing tax benefits treatment, failure to obtain necessary statutory and regulatory approvals, provide ongoing indemnity, and compliance with post-closing obligations, which may affect or prevent us from consummating the transactions, and have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial conditions, and operations.
Insurance and contractual protections may not always cover lost revenue, increased expenses or liquidated damages payments, which could adversely affect our financial results.
Although we maintain insurance and intend to obtain warranties from suppliers, obligate subcontractors to meet certain performance levels and attempt, where feasible, to pass risks we cannot control to our customers, the proceeds of such insurance or the warranties, performance guarantees or risk sharing arrangements may not be adequate to cover lost revenue, increased expenses or liquidated damages payments that may be required in the future.
If we were deemed to be an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”), applicable restrictions could make it impractical for us to continue our business as contemplated and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Under Sections 3(a)(1)(A) and (C) of the 1940 Act, a company generally will be deemed to be an “investment company” for purposes of the 1940 Act if (1) it is, or holds itself out as being, engaged primarily, or proposes to engage primarily, in the business of investing, reinvesting or trading in securities or (2) it engages, or proposes to engage, in the business of investing, reinvesting, owning, holding or trading in securities and it owns or proposes to acquire investment securities having a value exceeding 40% of the value of its total assets (exclusive of U.S. government securities and cash items) on an unconsolidated basis. In the past, we have made strategic investments in certain securities, including the purchase of certain interests in Cardinal Venture Holdings LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“CVH”), which owns certain interests in the sponsor entity to KINS Technology Group Inc., a former special purpose acquisition company with which the Company entered into a business combination, as well as our holdings in Sysorex and Foxo Technologies Inc. Although we have made these strategic investments, we do not currently believe that we are an “investment company,” as such term is defined in either of those sections of the 1940 Act.

We intend to conduct our operations so that we will not be deemed an investment company. However, if we were to be deemed an investment company, restrictions imposed by the 1940 Act, including limitations on our capital structure and our ability to transact with affiliates, could make it impractical for us to continue our business as contemplated and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may be subject to damages resulting from claims that the Company or our employees have wrongfully used or disclosed alleged trade secrets of their former employers.
We may be subject to claims that the Company or our employees may have inadvertently or otherwise used or disclosed trade secrets or other proprietary information of former employers or competitors. Litigation may be necessary to defend against these claims. We may be subject to unexpected claims of infringement of third party intellectual property rights, either for intellectual property rights of which we are not aware, or for which we believe are invalid or narrower in scope than the accusing party. Even if we are successful in defending against these claims, litigation could result in substantial costs and be a distraction to management. If we fail in defending such claims, in addition to paying money claims, we may lose valuable intellectual property rights or personnel or be enjoined from selling certain products or providing certain services. A loss of key research personnel or their work product could hamper or prevent our ability to commercialize certain products, which could severely harm our business.
We have been subject to regulatory and other government or regulatory investigations or inquiries under national, regional and local laws, as amended from time to time, and may be required to comply with data requests, or requests for information
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by government authorities and regulators in the United States or other jurisdictions in which we operate and any resulting enforcement action could have a materially adverse effect on us.
As a publicly trading reporting company with operations in the United States and internationally, we interact regularly with regulatory and self-regulatory agencies in the United States or other jurisdictions in which we operate, including the SEC and the Nasdaq Stock Market. We have been and may in the future be the subject of SEC and other regulatory investigations and may be required to comply with informal or formal orders or other requests for information or documentation from such government authorities and regulators regarding our compliance with national, regional and local laws and regulations, including the rules and regulations under the Securities Act and the Exchange Act. Such laws and regulations and their interpretation and applications may also change from time to time. Responding to requests for information from regulators in connection with any such investigations or inquiries could have a materially adverse effect on our business through, among other things, significantly increased legal fees and the time and attention required of the Company’s management and employees to be diverted from our normal business operations and growth plans. Moreover, if a regulator were to initiate an enforcement action against us, such any action could further consume our resources, require us to change our business practices and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Adverse judgments or settlements in legal proceedings could materially harm our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
We may be a party to claims that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of our business, which may include those related to, for example, contracts, sub-contracts, protection of confidential information or trade secrets, adversary proceedings arising from customer bankruptcies, employment of our workforce and immigration requirements or compliance with any of a wide array of state and federal statutes, rules and regulations that pertain to different aspects of our business.
Additionally, we are and we may be made a party to future claims resulting from our proposed business combinations. For example, two lawsuits were previously filed against us and our directors alleging that we filed a purportedly misleading Form S-4 on August 14, 2023 that omitted material information regarding the process leading to the XTI Merger and the analysis performed by our financial advisor in connection with such transaction. The suits asserted claims under Section 14(a) and Section 20 of the Exchange Act and sought injunctive relief, damages, costs, attorneys’ fees, and other relief. Those suits were later voluntarily dismissed. We have also received demand letters from multiple purported Company shareholders alleging that the Form S-4 omits or misstates material information regarding similar topics as alleged in the dismissed lawsuits, as well as material information pertaining to other topics, including information pertaining to the compensation and business or financial relationships of our financial advisor for the proposed transaction. The letters demand that we make supplemental disclosures to correct the alleged misstatements and omissions. It is possible that we may be named in additional suits or receive additional demand letters containing similar allegations or asserting additional allegations or claims regarding the XTI Merger.

Moreover, on December 6, 2023, Xeriant, Inc. (“Xeriant”) filed a complaint against Legacy XTI, along with two unnamed companies and five unnamed persons, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. On January 31, 2024, Xeriant filed an amended complaint, which added us as a defendant. On February 2, 2024, the Court ordered Xeriant to show cause as to why the amended complaint should not be dismissed without prejudice for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. On February 29, 2024, Xeriant filed a second amended complaint, which removed us and one of the unnamed companies as defendants. The second amended complaint alleges that Legacy XTI, through multiple breaches and fraudulent actions, has caused substantial harm to Xeriant and has prevented it from obtaining compensation owed to it under various agreements entered into between Xeriant and Legacy XTI, including but not limited to a joint venture agreement, a cross-patent license agreement, an operating agreement, and a letter agreement. In particular, Xeriant contends that Legacy XTI gained substantial advantages from the intellectual property, expertise, and capital deployed by Xeriant in the design and development of Legacy XTI’s TriFan 600 aircraft yet has excluded Xeriant from the transaction involving the TriFan 600 technology in its merger with us, which has resulted in a breach of the Letter Agreement, in addition to the other aforementioned agreements. Xeriant, in the second amended complaint, asserts the following causes of action: (1) breach of contract; (2) intentional fraud; (3) fraudulent concealment; (4) quantum meruit; (5) unjust enrichment; (6) unfair competition/deceptive business practices; and (7) misappropriation of confidential information, and seeks damages in excess of $500 million, injunctive relief enjoining us from engaging in any further misconduct, the imposition of a royalty obligation, and such other relief as deemed appropriate by the court. On March 13, 2024, Legacy XTI moved for partial dismissal of the second amended complaint, Counts 2 through 7 in particular. Legacy XTI argued that Counts 2 through 7 are (1) impermissible attempts to repackage claims arising from contractual dispute as quasi-contractual or tort claims; and (2) expressly refuted by the clear and unequivocal terms of the aforementioned agreements. The case is in its early stages, no discovery with respect to the Company has occurred, and we are unable to estimate the likelihood or magnitude of a potential adverse judgment. The Court has neither scheduled Legacy XTI’s
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motion for hearing nor otherwise ruled upon it. Legacy XTI nevertheless denies the allegations of wrongdoing contained in the second amended complaint and is vigorously defending against the lawsuit.
Regardless of the merits of any particular claim, responding to such actions could divert time, resources and management’s attention away from our business operations, and we may incur significant expenses in defending these lawsuits or other similar lawsuits. The results of litigation and other legal proceedings are inherently uncertain, and adverse judgments or settlements in some of these legal disputes may result in adverse monetary damages, penalties or injunctive relief against us, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, operating results and cash flows. Any claims or litigation, even if fully indemnified or insured, could damage our reputation and make it more difficult to compete effectively or to obtain adequate insurance in the future.
Furthermore, while we maintain insurance for certain potential liabilities, such insurance does not cover all types and amounts of potential liabilities and is subject to various exclusions as well as deductibles and caps on amounts of coverage. Even if we believe a claim is covered by insurance, insurers may dispute our entitlement to coverage for a variety of potential reasons, which may affect the timing and, if the insurers prevail, the amount of our available insurance coverage for a particular claim.
We may also be required to initiate expensive litigation or other proceedings to protect our business interests. There is a risk that we will not be successful or otherwise be able to satisfactorily resolve such claims or litigation. Litigation and other legal claims are subject to inherent uncertainties. Those uncertainties include, but are not limited to, litigation costs and attorneys’ fees, unpredictable judicial or jury decisions and the differing laws and judicial proclivities regarding damage awards among the states in which we operate. Unexpected outcomes in such legal proceedings, or changes in management’s evaluation or predictions of the likely outcomes of such proceedings, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Our current financial status may increase our default and litigation risks and may make us more financially vulnerable in the face of threatened litigation.

The loss of key personnel may adversely affect our operations.

Our success depends to a significant extent upon the operation, experience, and continued services of our key personnel. While our key personnel are employed under employment contracts, there is no assurance we will be able to retain their services. The loss of several of our key personnel could have an adverse effect on the Company. The changes to the senior management in connection with the XTI Merger, including the departure of our former CEO and our former CFO, and the transition to the new senior management team could result in us experiencing a loss in productivity while the successors obtain the necessary training and experience. To mitigate any adverse impact of such transition, our former CEO and our former CFO will continue to provide services based on their experience and knowledge on a consulting basis pursuant to consulting agreements.

Furthermore, we do not maintain “key person” life insurance on the lives of any executive officer and their death or incapacity would have a material adverse effect on us. The competition for qualified personnel is intense, and the loss of services of certain key personnel could adversely affect our business. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in attracting and retaining the personnel we require to develop and market the proposed TriFan 600 aircraft and conduct our proposed operations.
Internal system or service failures could disrupt our business and impair our ability to effectively provide our services and products to our customers, which could damage our reputation and adversely affect our revenues and profitability.
Any system or service disruptions, on our hosted Cloud infrastructure or those caused by ongoing projects to improve our information technology systems and the delivery of services, if not anticipated and appropriately mitigated, could have a material adverse effect on our business including, among other things, an adverse effect on our ability to bill our customers for work performed on our contracts, collect the amounts that have been billed and produce accurate financial statements in a timely manner. We are also subject to systems failures, including network, software or hardware failures, whether caused by us, third-party service providers, invasions, disruptions, cyber security threats, hacker attacks, natural disasters, power shortages, terrorist attacks or other events, which could cause loss of data and interruptions or delays in our business, cause us to incur remediation costs, subject us to claims and damage our reputation. In addition, the failure or disruption of our communications or utilities could cause us financial or reputational damage, interrupt or suspend our operations, subject us to legal action and increased regulatory oversight, or otherwise adversely affect our business. Our property and business interruption insurance may be inadequate to compensate us for all losses that may occur as a result of any system or operational failure or disruption and, as a result, our future results could be adversely affected.
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Systems failures could damage our reputation and adversely affect our revenues and profitability.
Many of the systems and networks that we develop, install and maintain for our customers on premise or host on our infrastructure involve managing and protecting confidential information and other sensitive corporate and government information. While we have programs designed to comply with relevant privacy and security laws and restrictions, if a system or network that we develop, install or maintain were to fail or experience a security breach or service interruption, whether caused by us, third-party service providers, shutdowns due to hardware failures, hacker attacks, cyber security threats or other events, we may experience loss of revenue, remediation costs or face claims for damages or contract termination. Any such event could cause serious harm to our reputation and prevent us from having access to or being eligible for further work on such systems and networks. Our errors and omissions liability insurance may be inadequate to compensate us for all of the damages that we may incur and, as a result, our future results could be adversely affected.

We rely on information systems and outages or disruptions of such systems may disrupt our business, prospects, financial condition, and results of operations.

We are highly dependent on information technology systems, many of which are operated by third parties (e.g., cloud services) and a result we have limited ability to ensure their availability and operation. We do not have complete redundancy for all of our systems, and we do not maintain real-time off-site backups of all of our data. In the event of a significant system outages or failures, including those related to force majeure, telecommunications outages, criminal acts, or cybersecurity incidents we may have limited ability to control the timing and success of system restorations. Any resulting interruption may harm our business operations and impact our ability to provide products and services to our customers.

The cybersecurity systems we use may be breached or circumvented by bad actors, which may result in the of sensitive or proprietary information or cause business interruptions that could damage our reputation.

We rely on both internal and external information technology systems. The measures we put in place, in coordination with our third-party vendors, may not prevent all security breaches. Such breaches may disrupt our business, damage our reputation, or expose us to litigation and liability. If bad actors obtain sensitive information or sabotage the functionality of our third-party vendor systems, we may receive negative publicity or lose the confidence of our customers. Our insurance coverage may not be sufficient to cover losses and liabilities that may result from these events.
Our business and operations expose us to numerous legal and regulatory requirements and any violation of these requirements could harm our business.
We are subject to numerous federal, state and foreign legal requirements on matters as diverse as data privacy and protection, employment and labor relations, immigration, taxation, anti-corruption, import/export controls, trade restrictions, internal control and disclosure control obligations, securities regulation and anti-competition. Compliance with diverse and changing legal requirements is costly, time-consuming and requires significant resources. We are also focused on expanding our business in certain identified growth areas, such as health information technology, energy and environment, which are highly regulated and may expose us to increased compliance risk. Violations of one or more of these diverse legal requirements in the conduct of our business could result in significant fines and other damages, criminal sanctions against us or our officers, prohibitions on doing business and damage to our reputation. Violations of these regulations or contractual obligations related to regulatory compliance in connection with the performance of customer contracts could also result in liability for significant monetary damages, fines and/or criminal prosecution, unfavorable publicity and other reputational damage, restrictions on our ability to compete for certain work and allegations by our customers that we have not performed our contractual obligations.
The growth of our RTLS business is dependent on increasing sales to our existing customers and obtaining new customers, which, if unsuccessful, could limit our financial performance.
Our ability to increase revenues from existing customers by identifying additional opportunities to sell more of our RTLS products and services and our ability to obtain new customers depends on a number of factors, including our ability to offer high quality products and services at competitive prices, meeting customers' needs and expectations, the strength of our competitors and the capabilities of our sales and marketing departments. If we are not able to continue to increase sales of our RTLS products and services to existing customers or to obtain new customers in the future, we may not be able to increase our revenues and could suffer a decrease in revenues as well. 
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Our competitiveness depends significantly on our ability to keep pace with the rapid changes in our industry. Failure by us to anticipate and meet our customers’ technological needs could adversely affect our competitiveness and growth prospects.
We operate and compete in an industry characterized by rapid technological innovation, changing customer needs, evolving industry standards and frequent introductions of new products, product enhancements, services and distribution methods. Our success depends on our ability to develop expertise with these new products, product enhancements, services and distribution methods and to implement solutions that anticipate and respond to rapid changes in technology, the industry, and customer needs. The introduction of new products, product enhancements and distribution methods could decrease demand for current products or render them obsolete. Sales of products and services can be dependent on demand for specific product categories, and any change in demand for or supply of such products could have a material adverse effect on our net sales if we fail to adapt to such changes in a timely manner.
Through our acquisitions, we have attempted to diversify our product offerings and increase our presence in new market verticals. There can be no assurances that consumer or commercial demand for our future products will meet, or even approach, our expectations. In addition, our pricing and marketing strategies may not be successful. Lack of customer demand, a change in marketing strategy and changes to our pricing models could dramatically alter our financial results. Unless we are able to release location based products that meet a significant market demand, we will not be able to improve our financial condition or the results of our future operations. 
If we are unable to sell additional products and services to our customers and increase our overall customer base, our future revenue and operating results may suffer.
Our future success depends, in part, on our ability to expand the deployment of newly acquired technologies with existing customers and finding new customers to sell our products and services to. This may require increasingly sophisticated and costly sales efforts and may not result in additional sales. In addition, the rate at which our customers purchase additional products and services, and our ability to attract new customers, depends on a number of factors, including the perceived need for indoor mapping products and services, sustaining pricing of our product and services as well as general economic conditions. If our efforts to sell additional products and services are not successful, our business may suffer.
A delay in the completion of our customers’ budget processes could delay purchases of our products and services and have an adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
We rely on our customers to purchase products and services from us to maintain and increase our earnings, and customer purchases are frequently subject to budget constraints, multiple approvals and unplanned administrative, processing and other delays. If sales expected from a specific customer are not realized when anticipated or at all, our results could fall short of public expectations and our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
Digital threats such as cyber-attacks, data protection breaches, computer viruses or malware may disrupt our operations, harm our operating results and damage our reputation, and cyber-attacks or data protection breaches on our customers’ networks, or in cloud-based services provided by or enabled by us, could result in liability for us, damage our reputation or otherwise harm our business.

Despite our implementation of network security measures, the products and services we sell to customers, and our servers, data centers and the cloud-based solutions on which our data, and data of our customers, suppliers and business partners are stored, are vulnerable to cyber-attacks, data protection breaches, computer viruses, malicious acts, and similar disruptions from unauthorized tampering or human error. Use of our products and services in our customers' environments may have the possibility of being breached as a result of acts other than our customers exposing confidential and sensitive information. Despite our security controls and measures, any such event could compromise our networks or those of our customers, and the information stored on our networks or those of our customers could be accessed, publicly disclosed, lost or stolen, which could subject us to liability to our customers, business partners and others, and could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition and may cause damage to our reputation. Efforts to limit the ability of malicious third parties to disrupt the operations of the Internet or undermine our own security efforts may be costly to implement and meet with resistance, and may not be successful. Breaches of network security in our customers’ networks, or in cloud-based services provided by or enabled by us, regardless of whether the breach is attributable to a vulnerability in our products or services, could result in liability for us, damage our reputation or otherwise harm our business.
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Any failures or interruptions in our services or systems could damage our reputation and substantially harm our business and results of operations.
Our success depends in part on our ability to provide reliable remote services, technology integration and managed services to our customers. The operations of our Cloud based applications and analytics are susceptible to damage or interruption from human error, fire, flood, power loss, telecommunications failure, terrorist attacks and similar events. We could also experience failures or interruptions of our systems and services, or other problems in connection with our operations, as a result of:
damage to or failure of our computer software or hardware or our connections;
errors in the processing of data by our systems;
computer viruses or software defects;
physical or electronic break-ins, sabotage, intentional acts of vandalism and similar events;
increased capacity demands or changes in systems requirements of our customers; and
errors by our employees or third-party service providers.
Any production interruptions for any reason, such as a natural disaster, epidemic, capacity shortages, or quality problems, at one of our manufacturing partners would negatively affect sales of product lines manufactured by that manufacturing partner and adversely affect our business and operating results.
Any interruptions in our systems or services could damage our reputation and substantially harm our business and results of operations. While we maintain disaster recovery plans and insurance with coverage we believe to be adequate, claims may exceed insurance coverage limits, may not be covered by insurance or insurance may not continue to be available on commercially reasonable terms.
We may be subject to product liability due to manufacturing or design defects for which product liability insurance may not be sufficient.
We may be a party to product liability claims that arises from time to time in the ordinary course of our business, which may include those related to, for example, the development or marketing of the products, or adverse events known or reported to be associated with, or manufacturing defects in, the products sold by us or through third parties. Product liability claims may be time-consuming, cost-intensive, and may result in awarding of substantial damages to the plaintiff or demands for a product recall. Certain of our contract obligations with vendors, suppliers, or manufacturers require us to provide warranties against such claims. We cannot assure you that protections are sufficient against any product liability claim filed by or against us. In a few countries, strict liability is imposed even if an injury to the end user of a defective product was not caused by an act of the supplier, manufacturer, or seller. A successful claim or claims brought against us in an amount exceeding available insurance coverage or protections under our contractual relationships could subject us to significant liabilities and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and growth prospects.

The RTLS business currently has a limited number of customers, the importance of which may vary dramatically from year to year, and a loss of one or more of these key customers may adversely affect our operating results.
During the year ended December 31, 2023, two customers accounted for over 10% of revenue with one customer with 17% of revenue and one customer that accounted for 10% of revenue. During the year ended December 31, 2022, only one customer accounted for over 10% of revenue with 23% of revenue for the year; however, each of these customers may or may not continue to be a significant contributor to revenue in 2023. The loss of a significant amount of business from one of our major customers would materially and adversely affect our results of operations until such time, if ever, as we are able to replace the lost business. Significant customers or projects in any one period may not continue to be significant customers or
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projects in other periods. To the extent that we are dependent on any single customer, we are subject to the risks faced by that customer to the extent that such risks impede the customer’s ability to stay in business and make timely payments to us.
If we cannot collect our receivables or if payment is delayed, our business may be adversely affected by our inability to generate cash flow, provide working capital or continue our business operations.
Our business depends on our ability to successfully obtain payment from our customers of the amounts they owe us for products received from us and any work performed by us. The timely collection of our receivables allows us to generate cash flow, provide working capital and continue our business operations. Our customers may fail to pay or delay the payment of invoices for a number of reasons, including financial difficulties resulting from macroeconomic conditions, lack of an approved budget, or participating in bankruptcy proceedings. An extended delay or default in payment relating to a significant account will have a material and adverse effect on the aging schedule and turnover days of our accounts receivable. If we are unable to timely collect our receivables from our customers for any reason, our business and financial condition could be adversely affected.
If our RTLS products fail to satisfy customer demands or to achieve increased market acceptance, our results of operations, financial condition and growth prospects could be materially adversely affected.
The market acceptance of our RTLS products are critical to our continued success. Demand for our RTLS products is affected by a number of factors beyond our control, including continued market acceptance, the timing of development and release of new products by competitors, technological change, and growth or decline in the mobile device management market. We expect the proliferation of mobile devices to lead to an increase in the data security demands of our customers, and our products may not be able to scale and perform to meet those demands. If we are unable to continue to meet customer demands or to achieve more widespread market acceptance of these products, our business operations, financial results and growth prospects will be materially and adversely affected.
Defects, errors, or vulnerabilities in our products or services or the failure of such products or services to prevent a security breach, could harm our reputation and adversely affect our results of operations.
Because our location based security products and services are complex, they have contained and may contain design or manufacturing defects or errors that are not detected until after their commercial release and deployment by customers. Defects may cause such products to be vulnerable to advanced persistent threats ("APTs") or security attacks, cause them to fail to help secure information or temporarily interrupt customers’ networking traffic. Because the techniques used by hackers to access sensitive information change frequently and generally are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques and provide a solution in time to protect customers’ data. In addition, defects or errors in our subscription updates or products could result in a failure to effectively update customers’ hardware products and thereby leave customers vulnerable to APTs or security attacks.
Any defects, errors or vulnerabilities in our products could result in:
expenditure of significant financial and product development resources in efforts to analyze, correct, eliminate, or work-around errors or defects or to address and eliminate vulnerabilities;
delayed or lost revenue;
loss of existing or potential customers or partners;
increased warranty claims compared with historical experience, or increased cost of servicing warranty claims, either of which would adversely affect gross margins; and
litigation, regulatory inquiries, or investigations that may be costly and harm our reputation
Our current research and development efforts may not produce successful products or features that result in significant revenue, cost savings or other benefits in the near future. If we do not realize significant revenue from our research and development efforts, our business and operating results could be adversely affected.
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Developing products and related enhancements in our field is expensive. Investments in research and development may not result in significant design improvements, marketable products or features or may result in products that are more expensive than anticipated. We may not achieve the cost savings or the anticipated performance improvements expected, and we may take longer to generate revenue from products in development, or generate less revenue than expected.
Our future plans include significant investments in research and development and related product opportunities. Our management believes that we must continue to dedicate a significant amount of resources to research and development efforts to maintain a competitive position. However, we may not receive significant revenue from these investments in the near future, or these investments may not yield the expected benefits, either of which could adversely affect our business and operating results.
Misuse of our products could harm our reputation.
Our products, particularly our location based security and detection products, may be misused by customers or third parties that obtain access to such products. For example, location information combined with other information about the same users in the hands of criminals could result in misuse of the data and privacy law violations and result in negative press coverage and negatively affect our reputation.
If the general level of advanced attacks declines, or is perceived by current or potential customers to have declined, this could harm our location based security and detection operating segment, and our financial condition, operating results and growth prospects.
Our location based security and detection-operating segment is substantially dependent upon enterprises and governments recognizing that APTs and other security attacks are pervasive and are not effectively prevented by legacy security solutions. High visibility attacks on prominent enterprises and governments have increased market awareness of the problem of APTs and security attacks and help to provide an impetus for enterprises and governments to devote resources to protecting against attacks, such as testing our platform, purchasing it, and broadly deploying it within their organizations. If APTs and other security attacks were to decline, or enterprises or governments perceived that the general level of attacks has declined, our ability to attract new customers and expand its offerings for existing customers could be materially and adversely affected, which would, in turn, have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects.
If our location based security and detection products do not effectively interoperate with our customers’ IT infrastructure, installations could be delayed or cancelled, which would harm our financial condition, operating results and growth prospects.
Our products must effectively interoperate with our customers’ existing or future IT infrastructure, which often has different specifications, utilizes multiple protocol standards, deploys products from multiple vendors, and contains multiple generations of products that have been added over time. As a result, when problems occur in a company’s infrastructure, it may be difficult to identify the sources of these problems. If we find errors in the existing software or defects in the hardware used in our customers’ infrastructure, we may have to modify its software or hardware so that our products will interoperate with the infrastructure of our customers. In such cases, our products may be unable to provide significant performance improvements for applications deployed in the infrastructure of our customers. These issues could cause longer installation times for our products and could cause order cancellations, either of which would adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, other customers may require products to comply with certain security or other certifications and standards. If our products are late in achieving or fail to achieve compliance with these certifications and standards, or competitors sooner achieve compliance with these certifications and standards, we may be disqualified from selling our products to such customers, or may otherwise be at a competitive disadvantage, either of which would harm our business, results of operations, and financial condition.
Our international business exposes us to geo-political and economic factors, legal and regulatory requirements, public health and other risks associated with doing business in foreign countries.
We provide our products and services to customers worldwide. These risks differ from and potentially may be greater than those associated with our domestic business.
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Our international business is sensitive to changes in the priorities and budgets of international customers and geo-political uncertainties, which may be driven by changes in threat environments and potentially volatile worldwide economic conditions, various regional and local economic and political factors, risks and uncertainties, as well as U.S. foreign policy. 
Our international sales are also subject to local government laws, regulations and procurement policies and practices, which may differ from U.S. Government regulations, including regulations relating to import-export control, investments, foreign exchange controls and repatriation of earnings, as well as to varying currency, geo-political and economic risks. Our international contracts may include industrial cooperation agreements requiring specific in-country purchases, manufacturing agreements or financial support obligations, known as offset obligations, and provide for penalties if we fail to meet such requirements. Our international contracts may also be subject to termination at the customer’s convenience or for default based on performance, and may be subject to funding risks. We also are exposed to risks associated with using foreign representatives and consultants for international sales and operations and teaming with international subcontractors, partners and suppliers in connection with international programs. As a result of these factors, we could experience award and funding delays on international programs and could incur losses on such programs, which could negatively affect our results of operations and financial condition.
We are also subject to a number of other risks including:
the absence in some jurisdictions of effective laws to protect our intellectual property rights;
multiple and possibly overlapping and conflicting tax laws;
restrictions on movement of cash;
the burdens of complying with a variety of national and local laws;
political instability;
currency fluctuations;
longer payment cycles;
restrictions on the import and export of certain technologies;
price controls or restrictions on exchange of foreign currencies; and
trade barriers.
In addition, our international operations (or those of our business partners) could be subject to natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, typhoons and volcanic eruptions that disrupt manufacturing or other operations. There may be conflict or uncertainty in the countries in which we operate, including public health issues (for example, an outbreak of a contagious disease such as 2019-Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), avian influenza, measles or Ebola), safety issues, natural disasters, fire, disruptions of service from utilities, nuclear power plant accidents or general economic or political factors. For example, as a result of the Coronavirus outbreak, our ability to source internal connection cables for certain of our sensors has been delayed, which will require us to source these components from other vendors at a higher price that may result in an increase in our costs to produce our products In the event our customers are materially impacted by these events, it may impact anticipated orders and planned shipments for our products. Also, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation imposes significant new requirements on how we collect, process and transfer personal data, as well as significant fines for non-compliance. Any of the above risks, should they occur, could result in an increase in the cost of components, production delays, general business interruptions, delays from difficulties in obtaining export licenses for certain technology, tariffs and other barriers and restrictions, longer payment cycles, increased taxes, restrictions on the repatriation of funds and the burdens of complying with a variety of foreign laws, any of which could ultimately have a material adverse effect on our business.
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Our international operations are subject to special U.S. government laws and regulations, such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, and regulations and procurement policies and practices, including regulations to import-export control, which may expose us to liability or impair our ability to compete in international markets.
Our international operations are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”), and other laws that prohibit improper payments or offers of payments to foreign governments and their officials and political parties by U.S. and other business entities for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. We have operations and deal with governmental customers in countries known to experience corruption, including certain countries in the Middle East and in the future, the Far East. Our activities in these countries create the risk of unauthorized payments or offers of payments by one of our employees, consultants or contractors that could be in violation of various laws including the FCPA, even though these parties are not always subject to our control. We are also subject to import-export control regulations restricting the use and dissemination of information classified for national security purposes and the export of certain products, services, and technical data, including requirements regarding any applicable licensing of our employees involved in such work.
Difficult conditions in the global capital markets and the economy generally may materially adversely affect our business and results of operations, and we do not expect these conditions to improve in the near future.
Our results of operations are materially affected by conditions in the global capital markets and the economy generally, both in the U.S. and elsewhere around the world. Weak economic conditions generally, sustained uncertainty about global economic conditions, or a prolonged or further tightening of credit markets could cause our customers and potential customers to postpone or reduce spending on technology products or services or put downward pressure on prices, which could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations or cash flows. Concerns over inflation, energy costs, geopolitical issues and the availability of credit, in the U.S. have contributed to increased volatility and diminished expectations for the economy and the markets going forward. These factors, combined with volatile oil prices and wavering business and consumer confidence, have precipitated an economic slowdown and uncertain global outlook. Domestic and international equity markets have been experiencing heightened volatility and turmoil. These events and the continuing market upheavals may have an adverse effect on our business. In the event of extreme prolonged market events, such as the global economic recovery, we could incur significant losses.
The existence of inflation in certain economies has resulted in, and may continue to result in, rising interest rates and capital costs, supply shortages, increased costs of labor, components, manufacturing and shipping, as well as weakening exchange rates and other similar effects. As a result, we have experienced and may continue to experience cost increases. Although we take measures to mitigate the effects of inflation and rising interest rates, if these measures are not effective, our business, financial condition, results of operations and liquidity could be materially adversely affected. Even if such measures are effective, there could be a difference between the timing of when those beneficial actions impact our results or operations and when the cost of inflation is incurred.
Changes in U.S. administrative policy, including changes to existing trade agreements and any resulting changes in international relations, could adversely affect our financial performance and supply chain economics.
As a result of changes to U.S. administrative policy, among other possible changes, there may be (i) changes to existing trade agreements; (ii) greater restrictions on free trade generally; and (iii) significant increases in tariffs on goods imported into the United States, particularly those manufactured in China. China is currently a leading global source of hardware products, including the hardware products that we use. In January 2020, the U.S. and China entered into Phase One of the Economic and Trade Agreement Between the United States of America and the People’s Republic of China (the “Phase One Trade Agreement”). The Phase One Trade Agreement takes steps to ease certain trade tensions between the U.S. and China, including tensions involving intellectual property theft and forced intellectual property transfers by China. Although the Phase One Trade Agreement is an encouraging sign of progress in the trade negotiations between the U.S. and China, questions still remain as to the enforcement of its terms, the resolution of a number of other points of dispute between the parties, and the prevention of further tensions. If the U.S.-China trade dispute re-escalates or relations between the United States and China deteriorate, these conditions could adversely affect our ability to source our hardware products and therefore our ability to manufacture our products. Our ability to manufacture our products could also be affected by economic uncertainty, in China or by our failure to establish a positive reputation and relationships in China. The occurrence of any of these events could have an adverse effect on our ability to source the components necessary to manufacture our products, which, in turn, could cause our long-term business, financial condition and operating results to be materially adversely affected.
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There is also a possibility of future tariffs, trade protection measures, import or export regulations or other restrictions imposed on our products or on our customers by the United States, China or other countries that could have a material adverse effect on our business. A significant trade disruption or the establishment or increase of any tariffs, trade protection measures or restrictions could result in lost sales adversely impacting our reputation and business. A trade war, other governmental action related to tariffs or international trade agreements, changes in U.S. social, political, regulatory and economic conditions or in laws and policies governing foreign trade, manufacturing, development and investment in the territories and countries where we currently do business or any resulting negative sentiments towards the United States could adversely affect our supply chain economics, consolidated revenue, earnings and cash flow.
We intend to use and leverage open source technology which may create risks of security weaknesses.
Some parts of our technology may be based on open-source technology, including, but not limited to the technology that we may use in our Indoor Intelligence products. There is a risk that the development team or other third parties may intentionally or unintentionally introduce weaknesses or bugs into the core infrastructure elements of our technology solutions interfering with the use of such technology or causing loss to the Company.
We may not be able to develop new products or enhance our product to keep pace with the RTLS business's rapidly changing technology and customer requirements.
The RTLS industry in which we operate is characterized by rapid technological changes, new product introductions, enhancements, and evolving industry standards. Our RTLS business prospects depend on our ability to develop new products and applications for our technology in new markets that develop as a result of technological and scientific advances, while improving performance and cost-effectiveness. New technologies, techniques or products could emerge that might offer better combinations of price and performance than the blockchain technology solutions that are being developed by the Company. It is important that we anticipate changes in technology and market demand. If we do not successfully innovate and introduce new technology into our anticipated technology solutions or effectively manage the transitions of our technology to new RTLS product offerings, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be harmed.
Privacy concerns in the territories in which we operate could result in additional costs and liabilities to us or inhibit sales of our aircraft. Domestic and foreign government regulation and enforcement of data practices and data tracking technologies is expansive, broadly defined and rapidly evolving. Such regulation could result in additional costs and liabilities to us, directly restrict portions of our business or indirectly affect our business by constraining our customers’ use of our technology and services or limiting the growth of our markets.
Federal, state, municipal and/or foreign governments and agencies have adopted and could in the future adopt, modify, apply or enforce laws, policies, and regulations covering user privacy, data security, technologies that are used to collect, store and/or process data, and/or the collection, use, processing, transfer, storage and/or disclosure of data associated with individuals. The categories of data regulated under these laws vary widely, are often broadly defined, and subject to new applications or interpretation by regulators. The uncertainty and inconsistency among these laws, coupled with a lack of guidance as to how these laws will be applied to current and emerging indoor positioning analytics technologies, creates a risk that regulators, lawmakers or other third parties, such as potential plaintiffs, may assert claims, pursue investigations or audits, or engage in civil or criminal enforcement. These actions could limit the market for our services and technologies or impose burdensome requirements on our services and/or customers’ use of our services, thereby rendering our business unprofitable.
In the United States, these privacy rules and regulations include promulgated under the authority of the Federal Trade Commission, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (the “CCPA”) and other state and federal laws relating to privacy and data security. By way of example, the CCPA requires covered businesses to provide new disclosures to California residents, provide them new ways to opt-out of certain disclosures of personal information, and allows for a cause of action for data breaches. It includes a framework that includes potential statutory damages and private rights of action. Multiple states have enacted, or are expected to enact, similar or more stringent laws. Additionally, in 2020, Nevada passed SB 220 which restricts the “selling” of personal information and Virginia’s Consumer Data Protection Act (the “CDPA”), which took effect on January 1, 2023 and grants new privacy rights for Virginia residents. There is also discussion in Congress of a new comprehensive federal data protection and privacy law to which we likely would be subject if it is enacted. Such new laws and proposed legislation, if passed, could have conflicting requirements that could make compliance challenging, require us to expend significant resources to come into compliance, and restrict our ability to process certain personal information. There is some uncertainty as to how the CCPA, CDPA and similar
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privacy laws emerging in other states, could impact our business as it depends on how such laws will be interpreted. As we expand our operations, compliance with privacy laws may increase our operating costs.
Some features of our services may trigger the data protection requirements of certain foreign jurisdictions, such as the EU General Data Protection Regulation (the “GDPR”), and the EU ePrivacy Directive. In addition, our services may be subject to regulation under current or future laws or regulations. For instance, as the EU ePrivacy Directive transitions in its entirety to the ePrivacy Regulation, it will bring an updated set of rules relevant to many aspects of our business. If our treatment of data, privacy practices or data security measures fail to comply with these current or future laws and regulations in any of the jurisdictions in which we collect and/or process information, we may be subject to litigation, regulatory investigations, civil or criminal enforcement, financial penalties, audits or other liabilities in such jurisdictions, or our customers may terminate their relationships with us. In addition, data protection laws, such as the GDPR, foreign court judgments or regulatory actions could affect our ability to transfer, process and/or receive transnational data that is critical to our operations, including data relating to users, customers, or partners outside the United States. For instance, the GDPR restricts transfers of personal data outside of the European Economic Area, including to the United States, subject to certain requirements. Such data protection laws, judgments or actions could affect the manner in which we provide our services or adversely affect our financial results if foreign customers and partners are not able to lawfully transfer data to us.
In addition, ongoing legal challenges in Europe to the mechanisms allowing companies to transfer personal data from the European Economic Area to the United States could result in further limitations on the ability to transfer data across borders, particularly if governments are unable or unwilling to reach new or maintain existing agreements that support cross-border data transfers, such as the EU-U.S. and Swiss-U.S. Privacy Shield frameworks and the European Commission’s Model Contractual Clauses, each of which are currently under particular scrutiny. Additionally, certain countries have passed or are considering passing laws requiring local data residency. The costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by, privacy laws, regulations and standards may limit the use and adoption of our services, reduce overall demand for our services, make it more difficult to meet expectations from or commitments to customers, lead to significant fines, penalties or liabilities for noncompliance, impact our reputation, or slow the pace at which we close sales transactions, any of which could harm our business.
Furthermore, the uncertain and shifting regulatory environment and trust climate may cause concerns regarding data privacy and may cause our customers or our customers’ customers to resist providing the data necessary to allow our customers to use our services effectively. Even the perception that the privacy of personal information is not satisfactorily protected or does not meet regulatory requirements could inhibit sales of our products or services and could limit adoption of our cloud-based solutions.
If our RTLS customers fail to abide by applicable privacy laws or to provide adequate notice and/or obtain any required consent from end users, we could be subject to litigation or enforcement action or reduced demand for our services.
Our RTLS customers utilize our services and technologies to track connected devices anonymously and we must rely on our customers to implement and administer notice and choice mechanisms required under applicable laws. If we or our customers fail to abide by these laws, it could result in litigation or regulatory or enforcement action against our customers or against us directly.
Any actual or perceived failure by us to comply with our privacy policy or legal or regulatory requirements in one or multiple jurisdictions could result in proceedings, actions or penalties against us.
Any failure or perceived failure by us to comply with federal, state or foreign laws or regulations, industry standards, contractual obligations or other legal obligations, or any actual or suspected security incident, whether or not resulting in unauthorized access to, or acquisition, release or transfer of personal data or other data, may result in governmental enforcement actions and prosecutions, private litigation, fines and penalties or adverse publicity and could cause our customers to lose trust in us, which could have an adverse effect on our reputation and business. Any inability to adequately address privacy and security concerns, even if unfounded, or comply with applicable laws, regulations, policies, industry standards, contractual obligations or other legal obligations could result in additional cost and liability to us, damage our reputation, inhibit sales and adversely affect our business.
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Evolving and changing definitions of what constitutes “Personal Information” and “Personal Data” within the EU, the United States and elsewhere, may limit or inhibit our ability to operate or expand our business, including limiting technology alliance partners that may involve the sharing of data.
If we are perceived to cause, or are otherwise unfavorably associated with, violations of privacy or data security requirements, it may subject us or our customers to public criticism, financial penalties and potential legal liability. Existing and potential privacy laws and regulations concerning privacy and data security and increasing sensitivity of consumers to unauthorized processing of personal data may create negative public reactions to technologies, products and services such as ours. Public concerns regarding personal data processing, privacy and security may cause some of our customers’ end users to be less likely to visit their venues or otherwise interact with them. If enough end users choose not to visit our customers’ venues or otherwise interact with them, our customers could stop using our platform. This, in turn, may reduce the value of our service, and slow or eliminate the growth of our business, or cause our business to contract.
Around the world, there are numerous lawsuits in process against various technology companies that process personal information and personal data. If those lawsuits are successful, it could increase the likelihood that our company may be exposed to liability for our own policies and practices concerning the processing of personal data and could hurt our business. Furthermore, the costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by laws, regulations and policies concerning privacy and data security that are applicable to the businesses of our customers may limit the use and adoption of our technologies and reduce overall demand for it. Privacy concerns, whether or not valid, may inhibit market adoption of our technologies. Additionally, concerns about security or privacy may result in the adoption of new legislation that restricts the implementation of technologies like ours or require us to make modifications to our existing services and technology, which could significantly limit the adoption and deployment of our technologies or result in significant expense.
Risks Related to Our Securities
Our failure to maintain compliance with the continued listing requirements of the Nasdaq Capital Market may result in our common stock being delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market which could negatively impact the price of our common stock, liquidity and our ability to access the capital markets.
Our common stock is currently listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market ("Nasdaq") under the symbol “XTIA.” The listing standards of Nasdaq provide that a company, in order to qualify for continued listing, must maintain a minimum stock price of $1.00 and satisfy standards relative to minimum stockholder's equity, minimum market value of publicly held shares and various additional requirements. If Nasdaq delists our securities from trading on its exchange for failure to meet the listing standards, we and our stockholders could face significant negative consequences including:
limited availability of market quotations for our securities;
a determination that the common stock is a "penny stock" which would require brokers trading in the common stock to adhere to more stringent rules, possibly resulting in a reduced level of trading activity in the secondary trading market for shares of common stock;
a limited amount of analyst coverage, if any; and
a decreased ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future.
Delisting from Nasdaq could also result in other negative consequences, including the potential loss of confidence by suppliers, customers and employees, the loss of institutional investor interest and fewer business development opportunities.

On April 14, 2023, Nasdaq notified us that for the last 30 consecutive business days, the bid price for the Company’s common stock had closed below the minimum $1.00 per share requirement for continued inclusion on the Nasdaq Capital Market pursuant to Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2). In accordance with Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), we were provided 180 calendar days, or until October 11, 2023, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement. We were not able to regain compliance within this 180-day period; however, on October 12, 2023, we received notice from Nasdaq that we were granted an additional 180 calendar days, or until April 8, 2024, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement.

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However, on November 9, 2023, we received notice (the “November 9 Letter”) from Nasdaq that Nasdaq had determined that as of November 8, 2023, our securities had a closing bid price of $0.10 or less for ten consecutive trading days triggering application of Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A)(iii) which states in part: if during any compliance period specified in Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), a company’s security has a closing bid price of $0.10 or less for ten consecutive trading days, the Listing Qualifications Department shall issue a Staff Delisting Determination under Rule 5810 with respect to that security (the “Low Priced Stocks Rule”). As a result, the Staff has issued a letter notifying us of its determination to delist our securities from Nasdaq effective as of the opening of business on November 20, 2023, unless we requested an appeal of the Staff’s determination on or prior to November 16, 2023, pursuant to the procedures set forth in the Nasdaq Listing Rule 5800 Series.

We requested a hearing before the Nasdaq Hearings Panel (the “Panel”) to appeal the determination described in the November 9 Letter and to address compliance with the Low-Priced Stocks Rule which hearing was held on February 6, 2024. On March 1, 2024, the Panel notified us that it had granted our request for continued listing subject to the company evidencing a closing bid price of $1 or more per share for a minimum of ten consecutive trading days on or before May 7, 2024 which is the full extent of the Panel's discretion.

In order to cure the bid price deficiency and satisfy the bid price requirements applicable for initial listing applications in connection with the closing of the XTI Merger, we effected a 1-for-100 reverse split of our outstanding shares of common stock shortly prior to the Effective Time of the XTI Merger. On March 26, 2024, we were informed by Nasdaq that we had regained compliance with the minimum bid price requirement and that we were back in compliance with the applicable Nasdaq continued listing criteria. Notwithstanding the reverse stock split and our compliance with Nasdaq requirements, we cannot be certain that our share price will comply with the requirements for continued listing of our common stock on Nasdaq in the future.

Leonard Oppenheim, a former independent director and the former Chairman of the Audit Committee, resigned from the Board effective as of March 31, 2024. On April 4, 2024, we received a notification letter from the Listing Qualifications Department of Nasdaq that due to Mr. Oppenheim's resignation, we no longer comply with Nasdaq’s independent director and audit committee requirements as set forth in Listing Rule 5605 as the Board is not comprised of a majority of “independent directors” (as that term is defined in Nasdaq Listing Rule 5605(a)(2)) as required by Nasdaq Listing Rule 5605(b)(1) and the Audit Committee is not comprised of at least three independent directors as required by Nasdaq Listing Rule 5605(c)(2)(A). Consistent with Nasdaq Listing Rules 5605(b)(1)(A) and 5605(c)(4), Nasdaq has provided us a cure period in order to regain compliance (i) until the earlier of our next annual shareholders’ meeting or March 31, 2025, or (ii) if the next annual shareholders’ meeting is held before September 27, 2024, then we must evidence compliance no later than September 27, 2024.

We intend to appoint an additional independent director to the Board and the Audit Committee prior to the end of the cure period. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to regain compliance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5605 or will otherwise be in compliance with other Nasdaq continued listing requirements.

If our shares of common stock lose their status on Nasdaq, we believe that they would likely be eligible to be quoted on the inter-dealer electronic quotation and trading system operated by OTC Markets Group Inc., commonly referred to as the Pink Open Market and we may also qualify to be traded on their OTCQB market (The Venture Market). These markets are generally not considered to be as efficient as, and not as broad as, Nasdaq. Selling our shares on these markets could be more difficult because smaller quantities of shares would likely be bought and sold, and transactions could be delayed. In addition, in the event our shares are delisted, broker-dealers have certain regulatory burdens imposed upon them, which may discourage broker-dealers from effecting transactions in our common stock or even holding our common stock, further limiting the liquidity of our common stock. These factors could result in lower prices and larger spreads in the bid and ask prices for our common stock.            

Our stock price may be volatile.
The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and could fluctuate widely in price in response to various factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the following:

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our ability to execute our business plan and complete prospective acquisitions;
changes in our industry;
competitive pricing pressures;
our ability to obtain working capital financing;
additions or departures of key personnel;
limited “public float” in the hands of a small number of persons whose sales or lack of sales could result in positive or negative pricing pressure on the market price for our common stock;
sales of our common stock;
operating results that fall below expectations;
changes in our capital structure;
costs associated with our acquisitions of companies, assets and technologies;
regulatory developments;
economic and other external factors;
period-to-period fluctuations in our financial results;
our inability to develop or acquire new or needed technologies or news relating to such technologies;
the public’s response to press releases or other public announcements by us or third parties, including filings with the SEC;
changes in financial estimates or ratings by any securities analysts who follow our common stock, our failure to meet these estimates or failure of those analysts to initiate or maintain coverage of our common stock;
the development and sustainability of an active trading market for our common stock; and
any future sales of our common stock by our officers, directors and significant stockholders.
In addition, the securities markets have from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations may also materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
Your investment may suffer a decline in value as a result of the volatility of our stock.

The closing market price for our common stock has varied between a high of $95.00 on April 14, 2023, and a low of $1.72 on March 27, 2024, in the twelve-month period ended April 12, 2024. During this time, the price per share of common stock has ranged from an intra-day low of $1.71 per share to an intra-day high of $165.46 per share. As a result of fluctuations in the price of our common stock, you may be unable to sell your shares at or above the price you paid for them. The market price of our common stock is likely to continue to be volatile and subject to significant price and volume fluctuations in response to market, industry and other factors, including the other risk factors described in this section. The market price of our common stock may also be dependent upon the valuations and recommendations of the analysts who cover our business. If the results of our business do not meet these analysts’ forecasts, the expectations of investors or the financial guidance we provide to investors in any period, the market price of our common stock could decline.

In addition, the stock markets in general, and the markets for technology stocks in particular, have experienced significant volatility that has often been unrelated to the financial condition or results of operations of particular companies. These broad market fluctuations may adversely affect the trading price of our common stock and, consequently, adversely affect the price at which you could sell the shares that you purchase in this offering. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market or significant price declines, securities class-action litigation has often been instituted against companies. Such litigation, if instituted against us, could result in substantial costs and diversion of management’s attention and resources, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects.
Offers or availability for sale of a substantial number of shares of our common stock may cause the price of our common stock to decline.
If our stockholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market upon the expiration of any statutory holding period under Rule 144, or shares issued upon the exercise of outstanding options or warrants, it could create a circumstance commonly referred to as an “overhang” and, in anticipation of which, the market price of our common stock could fall. The existence of an overhang, whether or not sales have occurred or are occurring, also could make more difficult
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our ability to raise additional financing through the sale of equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and price that we deem reasonable or appropriate.
In general, a non-affiliated person who has held restricted shares for a period of six months, under Rule 144, may sell into the market our common stock all of their shares, subject to the Company being current in its periodic reports filed with the SEC. As of the date of this filing, a significant portion of our outstanding shares of common stock outstanding are free trading.
Sales of our common stock or other securities, or the perception that future sales may occur, may cause the market price of our common stock to decline, even if our business is doing well.

Sales of our common stock or other securities, or the perception that future sales may occur, may cause the market price of our common stock to decline, even if our business is doing well. Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, or the perception that these sales could occur, could adversely affect the price of our common stock and could impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional shares. For example, in June 2021, the SEC declared effective a shelf registration statement filed by us. This shelf registration statement allows us to issue any combination of our common stock, preferred stock, warrants, units, debt securities and subscription rights from time to time until expiry in June 2024 for an aggregate initial offering price of up to $350 million, subject to certain limitations.

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company sold 703,756 shares of common stock at share prices between $13.96 and $186.00 per share under the Sales Agreement for gross proceeds of approximately $27.4 million or net proceeds of $26.5 million after deducting the sales agency fees and other offering expenses. As of March 15, 2024, we had an aggregate remaining amount of approximately $61.2 million available for the issuance of securities in offerings under the shelf registration statement. However, our ability to raise capital under the shelf registration statement may be limited by, among other things, SEC rules and regulations impacting the eligibility of smaller companies to use Form S-3 for primary offerings of securities. Based on our public float, as of the date hereof, we are only permitted to utilize the shelf registration statement subject to Instruction I.B.6. to Form S-3, which is referred to as the “baby shelf” rule. For so long as our public float is less than $75.0 million, we may not sell more than the equivalent of one-third of our public float during any 12 consecutive months pursuant to the baby shelf rules. These rules may limit future issuances of shares by us in connection with the ATM Offering Program or other offerings pursuant to the Company’s effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3. Although alternative public and private transaction structures may be available, these may require additional time and cost, may impose operational restrictions on us, and may not be available on attractive terms. The specific terms of future offerings, if any, under the shelf registration statement would be established at the time of such offering. Depending on a variety of factors, including market liquidity of our common stock, the sale of shares under the shelf registration statement may cause the trading price of our common stock to decline. The sale of a substantial number of shares of our common stock under the shelf registration statement, or anticipation of such sales, could cause the trading price of our common stock to decline or make it more difficult for us to sell equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and at a price that we might otherwise desire.

As of April 3, 2024, we had 9,919,411 shares of common stock outstanding. In addition, as of April 3, 2024, there were 1 share issuable upon conversion of 1 share of Series 4 Convertible Preferred Stock, 1 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of 126 shares of Series 5 Convertible Preferred Stock, 1,831,699 shares subject to outstanding warrants, 4,611 common shares underlying convertible debt payable, 1,069,401 shares subject to outstanding options under the Company’s equity incentive plans, and up to an additional 64,146,695 shares of common stock which may be issued under the Company’s 2018 Employee Stock Incentive Plan that will become, or have already become, eligible for sale in the public market to the extent permitted by any applicable vesting requirements, lock-up agreements, if any, Rule 144 under the Securities Act or in connection with their registration under the Securities Act.

The issuance or sale of such shares could depress the market price of our common stock. In the future, we also may issue our securities if we need to raise additional capital. The number of new shares of our common stock issued in connection with raising additional capital could constitute a material portion of the then-outstanding shares of our common stock.
Historically, we have used our shares of common stock to satisfy our outstanding debt obligations, and, in the future, we expect to continue to issue our securities to raise additional capital or satisfy outstanding debt obligations. The number of new shares of our common stock issued in connection with raising additional capital or satisfying our outstanding debt obligations could constitute a material portion of the then-outstanding shares of our common stock.
There may be future sales or other dilution of our equity, which may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
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Our articles of incorporation allows us to issue up to 500,000,000 shares of our common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and to issue and designate the rights of, without stockholder approval, up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share. To raise additional capital, we may in the future sell additional shares of our common stock or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock at prices that are lower than the prices paid by existing stockholders, and investors purchasing shares or other securities in the future could have rights superior to existing stockholders, which could result in substantial dilution to the interests of existing stockholders. The market price of our common stock could decline as a result of sales of common stock or securities that are convertible into or exchangeable for, or that represent the right to receive common stock or the perception that such sales could occur.
In addition, to the extent that outstanding stock options or warrants have been or may be exercised or preferred stock converted or other shares issued, you may experience further dilution.

We may issue debt and equity securities or securities convertible into equity securities, any of which may be senior to our common stock as to distributions and in liquidation, which could negatively affect the value of our common stock.

In the future, we may attempt to increase our capital resources by entering into debt or debt-like financing that is unsecured or secured by up to all of our assets, or by issuing additional debt or equity securities, which could include issuances of secured or unsecured commercial paper, medium-term notes, senior notes, subordinated notes, guarantees, preferred stock, hybrid securities, or securities convertible into or exchangeable for equity securities. In the event of our liquidation, our lenders and holders of our debt and preferred securities would receive distributions of our available assets before distributions to the holders of our common stock. Because our decision to incur debt and issue securities in future offerings may be influenced by market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings or debt financings. Further, market conditions could require us to accept less favorable terms for the issuance of our securities in the future.

If our common stock is delisted, market liquidity for our common stock could be severely affected and our stockholders’ ability to sell their shares of our common stock could be limited. A delisting of our common stock from Nasdaq would negatively affect the value of our common stock. A delisting of our common stock could also adversely affect our ability to obtain financing for our operations and could result in the loss of confidence in our company.

If our common stock becomes subject to the penny stock rules, it would become more difficult to trade our shares.

The SEC has adopted rules that regulate broker-dealer practices in connection with transactions in penny stocks. Penny stocks are generally equity securities with a price of less than $5.00, other than securities registered on certain national securities exchanges or authorized for quotation on certain automated quotation systems, provided that current price and volume information with respect to transactions in such securities is provided by the exchange or system. If we do not retain a listing on Nasdaq, and if the price of our common stock is less than $5.00, our common stock will be deemed a penny stock. The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, before a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from those rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document containing specified information. In addition, the penny stock rules require that before effecting any transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from those rules, a broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive (i) the purchaser’s written acknowledgment of the receipt of a risk disclosure statement; (ii) a written agreement to transactions involving penny stocks; and (iii) a signed and dated copy of a written suitability statement. These disclosure requirements may have the effect of reducing the trading activity in the secondary market for our common stock, and therefore stockholders may have difficulty selling their shares.                                                     
We do not intend to pay cash dividends to our stockholders, so it is unlikely that stockholders will receive any return on their investment in our Company prior to selling our stock.
We have never paid any dividends to our common stockholders as a public company. We currently intend to retain any future earnings for funding growth and, therefore, do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. If we determine that we will pay cash dividends to the holders of our common stock, we cannot assure that such cash dividends will be paid on a timely basis. The success of your investment in our Company will likely depend entirely upon any future appreciation. As a result, you will not receive any return on your investment prior to selling your shares in our Company and, for the other reasons discussed in this “Risk Factors” section, you may not receive any return on your investment even when you sell your shares in our Company. 
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Some provisions of our Articles of Incorporation and bylaws may deter takeover attempts, which may inhibit a takeover that stockholders consider favorable and limit the opportunity of our stockholders to sell their shares at a favorable price.
Under our Articles of Incorporation, our Board may issue additional shares of common stock or preferred stock. Our Board has the ability to authorize “blank check” preferred stock without future shareholder approval. This makes it possible for our Board to issue preferred stock with voting or other rights or preferences that could impede the success of any attempt to acquire us by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise, including a transaction in which our stockholders would receive a premium over the market price for their shares and/or any other transaction that might otherwise be deemed to be in their best interests, and thereby protects the continuity of our management and limits an investor’s opportunity to profit by their investment in the Company. Specifically, if in the due exercise of its fiduciary obligations, the Board were to determine that a takeover proposal was not in our best interest, shares could be issued by our Board without stockholder approval in one or more transactions that might prevent or render more difficult or costly the completion of the takeover by:
diluting the voting or other rights of the proposed acquirer or insurgent stockholder group,
putting a substantial voting bloc in institutional or other hands that might undertake to support the incumbent Board, or
effecting an acquisition that might complicate or preclude the takeover.
Nevada Anti-Takeover Law may discourage acquirers and eliminate a potentially beneficial sale for our stockholders.
We are subject to the provisions of Sections 78.411 to 78.444, inclusive, of the Nevada Revised Statutes, known as the “business combination” statute. This statute prevents many Nevada corporations from engaging in a business combination with any interested stockholder, under specified circumstances. For these purposes, a business combination includes a merger or sale of more than 5% of our assets, and an interested stockholder includes a stockholder who owns 10% or more of our outstanding voting stock, as well as affiliates and associates of these persons that, within two years prior to the combination, beneficially owned such percentage of the voting power. Under these provisions, this type of business combination is prohibited for up to four years following the date that the stockholder became an interested stockholder unless the transaction in which the stockholder became an interested stockholder is approved by the board of directors prior to the date the interested stockholder attained that status. Where the person becoming an interested stockholder was not approved in advance by the board of directors, the Nevada business combination statute imposes a basic moratorium of two years on business combinations unless they are approved by the board of directors and stockholders owning at least 60% of the outstanding voting power not beneficially owned by the interested stockholder and its affiliates and associates. After the two-year period, but before four years, combinations remain prohibited but may also be permitted if the interested stockholder satisfies certain requirements with respect to the aggregate consideration to be received by holders of outstanding shares in the combination.

We are also subject to the “acquisition of controlling interest” provisions of Sections 78.378 through 78.3793, inclusive, of the Nevada Revised Statutes, also known as the “control share” statute, which apply to “issuing corporations” that are Nevada corporations doing business, directly or through an affiliate, in Nevada, and having at least 200 stockholders of record, including at least 100 of whom have addresses in Nevada appearing on the stock ledger of the corporation. Under that statute, any person who acquires a controlling interest in a corporation may not exercise voting rights of any control shares unless such voting rights are conferred by a majority vote of the disinterested stockholders of the issuing corporation at a special meeting of such stockholders held upon the request and at the expense of the acquiring person. The statute applies to acquisition of a “controlling interest” in ownership of outstanding voting shares of an issuing corporation sufficient to enable the acquiring person, individually or in association with others, directly or indirectly, to exercise (i) one fifth or more but less than one third, (ii) one third or more but less than a majority or (iii) a majority or more of the voting power of the issuing corporation in the election of directors, and voting rights must be conferred by a majority of the disinterested stockholders as each threshold is reached and/or exceeded. In the event that the control shares are accorded full voting rights and the acquiring person acquires control shares with a majority or more of all the voting power, any stockholder, other than the acquiring person, who does not vote in favor of authorizing voting rights for the control shares is entitled to demand payment for the fair value of such person’s shares, and the corporation must comply with the demand. The Nevada control share statute does not apply to any acquisition of a controlling interest in an issuing corporation if the articles of incorporation or bylaws of the corporation in effect on the 10th day following the acquisition of a controlling interest by the acquiring person provide that the provisions of those sections do not apply to the corporation or to an acquisition of a controlling interest specifically by types of existing or future stockholders, whether or not identified. Therefore, the board of directors of a Nevada corporation usually may unilaterally avoid the
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imposition of burdens imposed by the control share statute by amending the bylaws of the corporation in connection with a transaction. A Nevada corporation may impose stricter requirements if it so desires.

These statutes could prohibit or delay mergers or other takeover or change in control attempts and, accordingly, may discourage attempts to acquire us.

The limitation of liability, or our indemnification, of our officers and directors may cause us to use corporate resources in a manner that conflicts with the interests of our stockholders.

Nevada law eliminates the personal liability of our directors and officers for damages as a result of an act or failure to act in that capacity unless a statutory presumption that such person acted in good faith, on an informed basis and with a view to the interests of the corporation has been rebutted. In addition, it must be proven both that the act or failure to act constituted a breach of a fiduciary duty as a director or officer and that such breach involved intentional misconduct, fraud or a knowing violation of law. This limitation may not affect the availability of equitable remedies, such as injunctive relief or rescission. Our Articles of Incorporation require us to indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by Nevada law, including in circumstances in which indemnification is otherwise discretionary under Nevada law.

Nevada law generally permits indemnification of our directors, officers and others if the person either (i) acted in good faith and in a manner which he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the Company’s best interests, and, if the action is not by or in the right of the corporation and is with respect to any criminal proceeding, the person had no reasonable cause to believe that their conduct was unlawful, or (ii) is not liable under the Nevada statutory provision eliminating the liability of certain persons as described in the preceding paragraph.

These persons may be indemnified against expenses, including attorneys’ fees, judgments, fines, penalties, including excise taxes, and amounts paid in settlement and costs, actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with the proceeding. If the person is adjudged by a court to be liable to the corporation, no indemnification will be made unless that or another court determines that the person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses as the court deems proper.

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers or persons controlling us under the above provisions, we have been informed that, in the opinion of the SEC, such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.

The obligations associated with being a public company require significant resources and management attention, which may divert from our business operations.
We are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”). The Exchange Act requires that we file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements, and other information. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we establish and maintain effective internal controls and procedures for financial reporting. Our principal executive officer and principal financial officer are required to certify that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in ensuring that material information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. As a result, we incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses. Furthermore, the need to establish the corporate infrastructure demanded of a public company may divert management’s attention from implementing our growth strategy, which could prevent us from improving our business, results of operations and financial condition. We have made, and will continue to make, if necessary, changes to our internal controls and procedures for financial reporting and accounting systems to meet our reporting obligations as a public company. However, the measures we take may not be sufficient to satisfy our obligations as a public company. In addition, we cannot predict or estimate the amount of additional costs we may incur in order to comply with these requirements. We anticipate that these costs could materially increase our selling, general and administrative expenses.
Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. In connection with the implementation of the necessary procedures and practices related to internal control over financial reporting, we may identify deficiencies. Additionally, in the event we are no longer a smaller reporting company, as defined under the Exchange Act, and we are unable to comply with the internal controls requirements of
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the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, then we may not be able to obtain the independent registered public accountants’ certifications required by that act, which may preclude us from keeping our filings with the SEC current, and interfere with the ability of investors to trade our securities and our shares to continue to be listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market.
If we fail to establish and maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to report our financial results accurately or prevent fraud. Any inability to report and file our financial results accurately and timely could harm our reputation and adversely affect the trading price of our common stock.
Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. If we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, we may not be able to manage our business as effectively as we would if an effective control environment existed, and our business and reputation with investors may be harmed. With each prospective acquisition we may make we will conduct whatever due diligence is necessary or prudent to assure us that the acquisition target can comply with the internal controls requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Notwithstanding our diligence, certain internal controls deficiencies may not be detected. As a result, any internal control deficiencies may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and access to capital. We have not performed an in-depth analysis to determine if historical undiscovered failures of internal controls exist, and may in the future discover areas of our internal controls that need improvement.

If we are unable to maintain effective internal controls, we may not have adequate, accurate or timely financial information, and we may be unable to meet our reporting obligations as a public company, including the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act , we may be unable to accurately report our financial results in future periods, or report them within the timeframes required by the requirements of the SEC, Nasdaq or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act . Failure to comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, when and as applicable, could also potentially subject us to sanctions or investigations by the SEC or other regulatory authorities. Any failure to maintain or implement required new or improved controls, or any difficulties we encounter in their implementation, could result in identification of additional material weaknesses or significant deficiencies, cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations or result in material misstatements in our financial statements. Furthermore, if we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, our business and results of operations could be harmed and investors could lose confidence in our reported financial information.
Public company compliance may make it more difficult to attract and retain officers and directors.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act and rules implemented by the SEC have required changes in corporate governance practices of public companies. As a public company, these rules and regulations increase our compliance costs and make certain activities more time consuming and costly. As a public company, these rules and regulations may make it more difficult and expensive for us to maintain our director and officer liability insurance and we may be required to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantially higher costs to obtain the same or similar coverage. As a result, it may be more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our Board or as executive officers, and to maintain insurance at reasonable rates, or at all.
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or reports about our business, or if they change their recommendations regarding our stock adversely, our stock price and trading volume could decline.
The trading market for our common stock relies in part on the research and reports that equity research analysts publish about us and our business. We do not control these analysts. The price of our common stock could decline if one or more equity research analysts downgrade our common stock or if they issue other unfavorable commentary or cease publishing reports about us or our business.
We may be or may become the target of securities litigation, which is costly and time-consuming to defend.
Following periods of market volatility in the price of a company’s securities or the reporting of unfavorable news, security holders may institute class action litigation. If the market value of our securities experience adverse fluctuations and we become involved in this type of litigation, regardless of the outcome, we could incur substantial legal costs and our management’s attention could be diverted from the operation of our business, causing our business to suffer.

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Risks Related to the XTI Merger

Our equityholders may not realize a benefit from the XTI Merger commensurate with the ownership dilution they experienced in connection with the XTI Merger.

We may not be able to achieve the full strategic and financial benefits expected to result from the XTI Merger. Further, such benefits, if ultimately achieved, may be delayed. If we are unable to realize the full strategic and financial benefits currently anticipated from the XTI Merger, our stockholders will have experienced substantial dilution of their ownership interests in their respective companies, without receiving any commensurate benefit, or only receiving part of the commensurate benefit to the extent we are able to realize only part of the strategic and financial benefits currently anticipated from the XTI Merger.

The market price of our common stock may also decline as a result of the XTI Merger for a number of reasons, including:

● if investors react negatively to the prospects of our product candidates and services, business and financial condition post-Closing;

● the effect of the XTI Merger on our business and prospects is not consistent with the expectations of financial or industry analysts; or

● we do not achieve the perceived benefits of the XTI Merger as rapidly or to the extent anticipated by financial or industry analysts.

The historical unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information previously filed may not be representative of the combined company’s results after the XTI Merger.

The historical unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information for Legacy XTI and the Company has been previously filed and presented for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the financial position or results of operations that actually would have occurred had the XTI Merger been completed as of the date indicated, nor is it indicative of future operating results or financial position.

The market price of our common stock following the XTI Merger may decline as a result of the merger.

The market price of our common stock may decline as a result of the XTI Merger for a number of reasons, including:

● if investors react negatively to the prospects of our products and services, business and financial condition post-Closing;

● the effect of the XTI Merger on our business and prospects is not consistent with the expectations of financial or industry analysts; or

● we do not achieve the perceived benefits of the XTI Merger as rapidly or to the extent anticipated by financial or industry analysts.

Our security holders will have a reduced ownership and voting interest in, and will exercise less influence over the management of, the Company following the closing of the XTI Merger.

Following the issuance of shares under the Merger Agreement, Company security holders immediately prior to the Effective Time retained beneficial ownership of approximately 25% of the outstanding common stock of the Company on a fully-diluted basis and Legacy XTI security holders immediately prior to the Effective Time acquired beneficial ownership of shares of common stock amounting to approximately 75% of the outstanding common stock of the Company on a fully-diluted basis. Accordingly, the issuance of shares of Company common stock to Legacy XTI equity holders in the XTI Merger significantly reduced the relative voting power of each share of our common stock held by our stockholders and also reduced the relative voting power of each share of Legacy XTI common stock held by its former stockholders. Consequently, Company
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stockholders as a group and Legacy XTI stockholders as a group will each have less influence over the management and policies of the Company after the XTI Merger.

Risks Related to the Separation and Distribution of Grafiti Holding and the Damon Business Combination

The distribution of Grafiti Holding shares to stockholders is subject to the effectiveness of a registration statement and may not be completed on the currently contemplated timeline, or at all, and may not achieve the intended benefits.

The shares of Grafiti Holding have been transferred to a trust for the benefit of shareholders as of December 27, 2023, the record date, and the distribution of such shares from the trust is subject to the effectiveness of a registration statement. There can be no assurance as to when the distribution of shares from the trust will occur or whether the shares will ever be distributed to shareholders.

Moreover, we may not realize some or all of the anticipated strategic, financial, operational, marketing or other benefits from the separation and distribution, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations and lead to increased volatility in the price of our common stock.

After the distribution of Grafiti Holding shares from the trust, certain members of management and directors will hold stock in both the Company and Grafiti Holding, and as a result may face actual or potential conflicts of interest.

Certain of the management and directors of each of the Company and Grafiti Holding may own both Company common stock and Grafiti Holding common shares, if and when the Grafiti Holding shares are distributed from the trust and may also receive equity awards issued by Grafiti Holding. This ownership overlap could create, or appear to create, potential conflicts of interest when our management and directors face decisions that could have different implications for Grafiti Holding and the Company. For example, potential conflicts of interest could arise in connection with the resolution of any dispute between Grafiti Holding and the Company regarding the terms of the agreements governing the spin-off. Potential conflicts of interest may also arise out of any commercial arrangements that Grafiti Holding or the Company may enter into in the future.

The distribution is a taxable event and you may need to use cash from other sources to cover your tax liability.

The distribution will be a taxable event for U.S. federal income tax purposes. For U.S. federal income tax purposes, when we transferred the Grafiti Holding common shares to the trust, our shareholders as of December 27, 2023, the record date for determining those shareholders entitled to participate in the distribution, were deemed to receive Grafiti Holding common shares as a taxable dividend distribution from the Company in an amount equal to the fair market value of the Grafiti common shares deemed received by each shareholder. If the deemed distribution causes you to recognize taxable income, you may need to use cash from other sources to pay your tax liability.

If the Damon Business Combination is consummated, Grafiti Holding shareholders will experience substantial dilution.

It is anticipated that, upon the consummation of the Damon Business Combination, holders of Grafiti Holding common shares, including the participating XTI Aerospace security holders and management that hold Grafiti Holding common shares immediately prior to the closing of the Damon Business Combination, will retain approximately 18.75% of the outstanding capital stock of the combined company determined on a fully diluted basis, which includes up to 5% in equity incentives which may be issued to XTI Aerospace and Grafiti Holding management.

The consummation of the Damon Business Combination is subject to a number of conditions and if those conditions are not satisfied or waived, the Business Combination Agreement may be terminated in accordance with its terms and the Damon Business Combination may not be completed.

Even if the Damon Business Combination is approved by the Damon security holders and the applicable British Columbia court, other specified conditions such as Nasdaq Stock Market approval of the initial listing of the Grafiti Holding common shares must be satisfied or waived before the parties to the Business Combination Agreement are obligated to complete the Damon Business Combination. Grafiti Holding and Damon may not satisfy all of the conditions to the closing in the Business Combination Agreement, and, accordingly, the Damon Business Combination may not be completed. If the closing conditions are not satisfied or waived, the Damon Business Combination will not occur, or will be delayed pending later
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satisfaction or waiver, and such delay may cause XTI Aerospace, Grafiti Holding and Damon to each lose some or all of the intended benefits of the Damon Business Combination. In addition, the parties can mutually decide to terminate the Business Combination Agreement at any time prior to the Closing, or Grafiti Holding or Damon may elect to terminate the Business Combination Agreement in certain other circumstances.

The Damon Business Combination may be completed even though certain events occur prior to the closing that materially and adversely affect Grafiti Holding or Damon.

The Business Combination Agreement provides that either Grafiti Holding or Damon can refuse to complete the Damon Business Combination if there is a material adverse change affecting the other party between October 23, 2023, the date of the Business Combination Agreement, and the closing. However, certain types of changes do not permit either party to refuse to complete the Damon Business Combination, even if such change could be said to have a material adverse effect on either party, including:

general changes in the financial or securities markets or general economic or political conditions in the country or region in which either party does business, and do not have a materially disproportionate adverse effect on either party compared to other participants in the industries in which such party primarily conducts its businesses;

changes, conditions or effects that generally affect the industries in which either party principally operates, and do not have a materially disproportionate adverse effect on either party compared to other participants in the industries in which such party primarily conducts its businesses;

changes in GAAP or other applicable accounting principles or mandatory changes in the regulatory accounting requirements applicable to any industry in which either party principally operates, and do not have a materially disproportionate adverse effect on either party compared to other participants in the industries in which such party primarily conducts its businesses;

conditions caused by acts of God, terrorism, war (whether or not declared), natural disaster or weather conditions, epidemics, pandemics, or disease outbreaks (including the COVID-19 virus), public health emergencies (as declared by the World Health Organization or the Health and Human Services Secretary of the United States or the Public Health Agency of Canada), and do not have a materially disproportionate adverse effect on either party compared to other participants in the industries in which such party primarily conducts its businesses; and

any failure to meet any internal or published budgets, projections, forecasts or predictions of financial performance for any period.

If adverse changes occur and Grafiti Holding and Damon still complete the Damon Business Combination, the market price of the combined company’s common shares may suffer. This in turn may reduce the value of the Damon Business Combination to the shareholders of Grafiti Holding (which will include holders of XTI Aerospace securities that are entitled to participate in the spinoff), Damon or both.

XTI Aerospace, Grafiti Holding and each of their officers and directors are, or may in the future be, subject to claims, suits and other legal proceedings, including challenging the Damon Business Combination, that may result in adverse outcomes, including preventing the Damon Business Combination from becoming effective or from becoming effective within the expected time frame.

Transactions like the proposed Damon Business Combination are frequently subject to litigation or other legal proceedings, including actions alleging that the XTI Aerospace or Grafiti Holding board of directors ("XTI Aerospace or Grafiti Holding Board”) breached their fiduciary duties to their shareholders by entering into the Business Combination Agreement or otherwise. XTI Aerospace, Grafiti Holding and their officers and directors are, or may in the future be, subject to claims, suits and other legal proceedings, including challenging the Damon Business Combination. Such claims, suits and legal proceedings are inherently uncertain, and their results cannot be predicted with certainty. An adverse outcome in such legal proceedings, as well as the costs and efforts of a defense even if successful, can have an adverse impact on XTI Aerospace, Grafiti Holding or Damon because of legal costs, diversion or distraction of management and other personnel, negative publicity and other factors.
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In addition, it is possible that a resolution of one or more such legal proceedings could result in reputational harm, liability, penalties, or sanctions, as well as judgments, consent decrees, or orders, which could in the future materially and adversely affect XTI Aerospace, Grafiti Holding's or Damon’s business, operating results and financial condition. Furthermore, one of the conditions to the completion of the Damon Business Combination is there must not be in force any governmental order enjoining or prohibiting the consummation of the Damon Business Combination (provided that the governmental authority issuing such governmental order has jurisdiction over the parties to the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby). As such, if any of the plaintiffs are successful in obtaining an injunction preventing the consummation of the Damon Business Combination, that injunction may prevent the Damon Business Combination from becoming effective or from becoming effective within the expected time frame.

The announcement of the proposed Damon Business Combination could disrupt XTI Aerospace’s, Grafiti Holding’s and Damon’s relationships with their respective customers, suppliers, business partners and others, as well as their operating results and business generally.

Whether or not the Damon Business Combination and related transactions are ultimately consummated, as a result of uncertainty related to the proposed transactions, risks related to the impact of the announcement of the Damon Business Combination on Damon’s business include the following:

employees may experience uncertainty about their future roles, which might adversely affect each party’s ability to retain and hire key personnel and other employees; and

the parties have expended and will continue to expend significant costs, fees and expenses for professional services and transaction costs in connection with the proposed Business Combination.

If any of the aforementioned risks were to materialize, they could lead to significant costs which may impact the combined company’s results of operations and cash available to fund its business.

The exercise of the XTI Aerospace or Grafiti Holding's directors’ and executive officers’ discretion in agreeing to changes or waivers in the terms of the Damon Business Combination may result in a conflict of interest when determining whether such changes to the terms of the Damon Business Combination or waivers of conditions are appropriate and in XTI Aerospace or Grafiti Holding's shareholders’ best interest.

In the period leading up to the closing, events may occur that, pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, may require XTI Aerospace or Grafiti Holding to agree to amend the Business Combination Agreement, consent to certain actions taken by Damon or waive rights that XTI Aerospace or Grafiti Holding are entitled to under the Business Combination Agreement. Such events could arise because of changes in the course of Grafiti Holding's business or a request by Damon to undertake actions that would otherwise be prohibited by the terms of the Business Combination Agreement or the occurrence of other events that would have a material adverse effect on Damon’s business and would entitle Grafiti Holding to terminate the Business Combination Agreement. In any of such circumstances, it would be at XTI Aerospace's or Grafiti Holding's discretion, acting through the Grafiti Holding Board, to grant its consent or waive those rights. The existence of financial and personal interests of one or more of the directors or officers described in the risk factor “- After the spin-off, certain members of management and directors will hold stock in both XTI Aerospace and Grafiti Holding, and as a result may face actual or potential conflicts of interest” and described elsewhere in this information statement may result in a conflict of interest on the part of such director(s) or officers(s) between what he, she or they may believe is best for XTI Aerospace, Grafiti Holding and the XTI Aerospace or Grafiti Holding's shareholders and what he, she or they may believe is best for himself, herself or themselves in determining whether or not to take the requested action.

Grafiti Holding and Damon will incur significant transaction and transition costs in connection with the Damon Business Combination.

Each of the parties has incurred and expects that it will continue to incur significant, non-recurring costs in connection with consummating the Damon Business Combination and operating as an independent reporting company following the consummation of the Damon Business Combination. Grafiti Holding and Damon may also incur additional costs to retain key employees. Grafiti Holding and Damon will also incur significant legal, financial advisor, accounting, banking and consulting fees, fees relating to regulatory filings and notices, SEC filing fees, printing and mailing fees and other costs associated with the Damon Business Combination, and will be for the account of the party incurring such fees, expenses and costs or paid by Grafiti Holding following the closing of the Damon Business Combination. Some of these costs are payable regardless of
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whether the Damon Business Combination is completed. Additionally, if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated by Damon or Grafiti Holding due to the other’s breach of certain representations, warranties and covenants, the breaching party will pay the other all reasonable and documented transaction expenses of the other up to $1 million. XTI Aerospace is responsible for paying any such costs that may be required to be paid by Grafiti Holding.

If the Damon Business Combination is terminated, XTI Aerospace will not be able to immediately recover its investment in the Bridge Note, which will remain outstanding in accordance with its terms.

In connection with the Damon Business Combination and immediately following the execution of the Business Combination Agreement, XTI Aerospace purchased a convertible note from Damon in an aggregate principal amount of $3 million together with the Bridge Note Warrant (as defined below) pursuant to a private placement, for a purchase price of $3 million. If the Damon Business Combination is terminated in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement, XTI Aerospace may only receive a termination fee of $2 million in limited circumstances and will not be able to immediately recover the $3 million cash paid in respect of the Bridge Note. In case of such termination, XTI Aerospace shall continue to hold the Bridge Note until its maturity in accordance with the terms thereof.
ITEM 1B: UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide this information.
ITEM 1C: CYBERSECURITY
XTI Aerospace maintains a cyber risk management program designed to identify, assess, manage, mitigate, and respond to cybersecurity threats. This program, in conjunction with the Company’s enterprise risk management assessment processes, addresses cybersecurity risks to the corporate information technology (“IT”) environment including systems, hardware, software, data, people, and processes.

The underlying processes and controls of the XTI Aerospace’s cyber risk management program incorporate recognized best practices and standards for cybersecurity and IT, including the National Institute of Standards and Technology (“NIST”) Cybersecurity Framework (“CSF”) and processes and controls supporting EU general data protection regulation requirements. XTI Aerospace has an annual assessment performed by a third-party specialist of the Company’s cyber risk management program against the NIST CSF. The annual risk assessment identifies, quantifies, and categorizes material cyber risks. In addition, the Company, in conjunction with the third-party cyber risk management specialists develop a risk mitigation plan to address such risks, and where necessary, remediate potential vulnerabilities identified through the annual assessment process.

In addition, XTI Aerospace maintains policies and procedures over areas such as information security, IT change and configuration management, acceptable use, access on/offboarding, accounts management, and data backup and recovery to help govern the processes put in place by management designed to protect XTI Aerospace’s IT assets, data, and services from threats and vulnerabilities. XTI Aerospace partners with industry recognized cybersecurity providers leveraging third-party technology and expertise. These cybersecurity partners to the Company, including consultants and other third-party service providers, are a key part of XTI Aerospace’s cybersecurity risk management strategy and infrastructure and provide services including, maintenance of an IT assets inventory, periodic vulnerability testing, identity access management controls including restricted access of privileged accounts, physical security measures at Company facilities, information protection/detection systems including maintenance of firewalls and anti-malware tools, network and traffic monitoring and automated alerting, ongoing cybersecurity user awareness training, industry-standard encryption protocols, capacity management, formalized processes over asset and data destruction, formalized change management processes, data backups management, infrastructure maintenance, incident response, cybersecurity strategy, and cyber risk advisory, assessment and remediation.

XTI Aerospace’s management team, with the Executive Vice President of IT Operations in charge of primary oversight, in conjunction with third-party IT and cybersecurity service providers is responsible for oversight and administration of XTI Aerospace’s cyber risk management program, and for informing senior management and other relevant stakeholders regarding the prevention, detection, mitigation, and remediation of cybersecurity incidents. The Company’s management team has prior experience selecting, deploying, and overseeing cybersecurity technologies, initiatives, and processes directly or via selection of strategic third-party partners, and also relies on threat intelligence as well as other information obtained from governmental, public or private sources, including external consultants engaged by XTI Aerospace for strategic cyber risk management, advisory and decision making. Our Executive Vice President of IT Operations has over 25 years of experience serving in various roles in information technology and information security and has relevant experience in designing,
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deploying, and maintaining operations for critical IT systems, cloud infrastructure, virtualization technology, corporate networks, data protection, privacy, and governance.

XTI Aerospace has implemented third-party risk management processes to manage the risks associated with reliance on vendors, critical service providers, and other third-parties that may lead to a service disruption or an adverse cybersecurity incident. This includes a third-party risk management policy which outlines required risk management processes, including assessment of vendors during the selection/onboarding process, review of SOC 1 reports on an annual basis, and a regular review of vendor contracts and compliance with service level agreements.

The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors oversees XTI Aerospace’s cybersecurity risk exposures and the steps taken by management to monitor and mitigate cybersecurity risks. The cybersecurity stakeholders, including member(s) of management assigned with cybersecurity oversight responsibility and/or third-party consultants providing cyber risk services brief the Audit Committee on cyber vulnerabilities identified through the risk management process, the effectiveness of XTI Aerospace’s cyber risk management program, and the emerging threat landscape and new cyber risks on at least an annual basis. This includes updates on XTI Aerospace’s processes to prevent, detect, and mitigate cybersecurity incidents. In addition, cybersecurity risks are reviewed by XTI Aerospace’s Board of Directors at least annually, as part of the Company’s corporate risk oversight processes.

XTI Aerospace faces risks from cybersecurity threats that could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or reputation. XTI Aerospace acknowledges that the risk of cyber incidents is prevalent in the current threat landscape and that a future cyber incident may occur in the normal course of its business. However, prior cybersecurity incidents have not had a material adverse effect on XTI Aerospace’s business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. The Company proactively seeks to detect and investigate unauthorized attempts and attacks against IT assets, data, and services, and to prevent their occurrence and recurrence where practicable through changes or updates to internal processes and tools and changes or updates to service delivery; however, potential vulnerabilities to known or unknown threats will remain. Further, there is increasing regulation regarding responses to cybersecurity incidents, including reporting to regulators, investors, and additional stakeholders, which could subject the Company to additional liability and reputational harm. In response to such risks, the Company has implemented initiatives such as implementation of the cybersecurity risk assessment process and development of an incident response plan. See Item 1A. "Risk Factors" for more information on cybersecurity risks.
ITEM 2: PROPERTIES
We lease office space in several locations in the United States, including Englewood, Colorado and Palo Alto, California, where we house our principal headquarters, research and development, sales and marketing and certain administrative functions. We also lease certain property Berlin, Germany through our subsidiary Inpixon GmbH for research and development, sales, marketing and administrative activities. The Company also has offices in Eschborn, Germany through our subsidiary IntraNav. We believe our facilities are adequate for our current and reasonably anticipated future needs.
ITEM 3: LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
Except as disclosed below, there are no material pending legal proceedings as defined by Item 103 of Regulation S-K, to which we are a party or of which any of our property is the subject, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to the Company’s business.
There are no proceedings in which any of the directors, officers or affiliates of the Company, or any registered or beneficial holder of more than 5% of the Company’s voting securities, is an adverse party or has a material interest adverse to that of the Company.

On December 6, 2023, Xeriant, Inc. (“Xeriant”) filed a complaint against Legacy XTI, along with two unnamed companies and five unnamed persons, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. On January 31, 2024, Xeriant filed an amended complaint, which added us as a defendant. On February 2, 2024, the Court ordered Xeriant to show cause as to why the amended complaint should not be dismissed without prejudice for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. On February 29, 2024, Xeriant filed a second amended complaint, which removed us and one of the unnamed companies as defendants. The second amended complaint alleges that Legacy XTI, through multiple breaches and fraudulent actions, has caused substantial harm to Xeriant and has prevented it from obtaining compensation owed to it under various agreements entered into between Xeriant and Legacy XTI, including but not limited to a joint venture agreement, a cross-patent license
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agreement, an operating agreement, and a letter agreement. In particular, Xeriant contends that Legacy XTI gained substantial advantages from the intellectual property, expertise, and capital deployed by Xeriant in the design and development of Legacy XTI’s TriFan 600 aircraft yet has excluded Xeriant from the transaction involving the TriFan 600 technology in its merger with us, which has resulted in a breach of the Letter Agreement, in addition to the other aforementioned agreements. Xeriant, in the second amended complaint, asserts the following causes of action: (1) breach of contract; (2) intentional fraud; (3) fraudulent concealment; (4) quantum meruit; (5) unjust enrichment; (6) unfair competition/deceptive business practices; and (7) misappropriation of confidential information, and seeks damages in excess of $500 million, injunctive relief enjoining us from engaging in any further misconduct, the imposition of a royalty obligation, and such other relief as deemed appropriate by the court. On March 13, 2024, Legacy XTI moved for partial dismissal of the second amended complaint, Counts 2 through 7 in particular. Legacy XTI argued that Counts 2 through 7 are (1) impermissible attempts to repackage claims arising from contractual dispute as quasi-contractual or tort claims; and (2) expressly refuted by the clear and unequivocal terms of the aforementioned agreements. The case is in its early stages, no discovery with respect to the Company has occurred, and we are unable to estimate the likelihood or magnitude of a potential adverse judgment. The Court has neither scheduled Legacy XTI’s motion for hearing nor otherwise ruled upon it. Legacy XTI nevertheless denies the allegations of wrongdoing contained in the second amended complaint and is vigorously defending against the lawsuit.
ITEM 4: MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
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PART II
ITEM 5: MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Market Information
Our common stock currently trades under the symbol “XTIA” on the Nasdaq Capital Market. Prior to the XTI Merger, our common stock traded under the symbol "INPX" on the Nasdaq Capital Market.
Holders of Record

According to our transfer agent, as of April 3, 2024, we had approximately 1,960 shareholders of record of our common stock. This number does not include an indeterminate number of shareholders whose shares are held by brokers in street name. Our stock transfer agent is Computershare Trust Company, N.A., 150 Royall Street, Suite 101, Canton, MA 02021.
Dividends
We have not declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock, and we currently intend to retain future earnings, if any, to finance the expansion of our business, therefore, we do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. The decision whether to pay cash dividends on our common stock will be made by our Board, in their discretion, and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements and other factors that our Board considers significant. Holders of Series 4 Convertible Preferred Stock and Series 5 Convertible Preferred Stock will not be entitled to receive any dividends, unless and until specifically declared by our Board.
Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans
For information required by this item with respect to our equity compensation plans, please see Item 11 of this report.
Recent Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities

Except as disclosed below, during the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we have not sold any equity securities that were not registered under the Securities Act that were not previously reported in a quarterly report on Form 10-Q or in a current report on Form 8-K.

We issued 19,822 shares of common stock (the “Exchange Common Shares”) to the holder of the then outstanding promissory note of the Company issued on July 22, 2022 (the “July 2022 Note”), at a price equal to $10.09 per share, which is the Minimum Price as defined in Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(d), in connection with the terms and conditions of an Exchange Agreement, dated October 6, 2023, pursuant to which we and the holder agreed to (i) partition a new promissory note in the form of the July 2022 Note in the original principal amount of $200,000 and then cause the outstanding balance of the July 2022 Note to be reduced by $200,000; and (ii) exchange the partitioned note for the delivery of the Note Exchange Common Shares.

The offer and sale of the Exchange Common Shares was not registered under the Securities Act, in reliance on an exemption from registration under Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act, in that (a) the Exchange Common Shares were issued in exchanges for partitioned notes which were other outstanding securities of the Company; (b) there was no additional consideration of value delivered by the holder in connection with the exchange; and (c) there were no commissions or other remuneration paid by the Company in connection with the exchange.
ITEM 6: [RESERVED]
ITEM 7: MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. In
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addition to historical information, this discussion and analysis here and throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, due to a number of factors, including but not limited to, risks described in the section entitled “Risk Factors.” In addition, we will file as an amendment to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 15, 2024 (i) the audited consolidated financial statements of Legacy XTI as of and for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, (ii) Legacy XTI's Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 and (iii) the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information of Inpixon and Legacy XTI as of and for the year ended December 31, 2023, in accordance with Item 9.01 of Form 8-K.
Overview of Our Business
Following the effective time of the XTI Merger (the “Effective Time”) on the Closing Date, we amended our articles of incorporation to change our name from "Inpixon" to "XTI Aerospace, Inc." and the combined company opened for trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market on March 13, 2024 under the new ticker symbol “XTIA”. The financial information included in the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results from Operations section below include only the financial results of Inpixon, as the merger occurred after December 31, 2023. Therefore, all references to the "Company" in the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results from Operations refer to Inpixon.
Following the closing of the XTI Merger, we are primarily an aircraft development and manufacturing company. We also provide real-time location systems (“RTLS”) for the industrial sector, which was our focus prior to the closing of the XTI Merger. Headquartered in Englewood, Colorado, the Company is developing a vertical takeoff and landing aircraft that takes off and lands like a helicopter and cruises like a fixed-wing business aircraft. Our initial model, the TriFan 600, is a six-seat aircraft which is intended to provide point-to-point air travel over distances of up to 700 miles, fly at twice the speed of a helicopter and cruise at altitudes up to 25,000 feet.

We believe the TriFan 600 will be one of the first VTOL aircraft that offers the speed and comfort of a business aircraft and the range and versatility of VTOL for a wide range of customer applications, including private aviation for business and high net worth individuals, emergency medical services, and commuter and regional air travel.

Since 2012, we have been engaged primarily in developing the design and engineering concepts for the TriFan 600, building and testing a two-thirds scale unmanned version of the TriFan 600, generating pre-orders for the TriFan 600, and seeking funds from investors to enable the Company to build full-scale piloted prototypes of the TriFan 600, and to eventually engage in commercial development of the TriFan 600.

Our RTLS solution leverages cutting-edge technologies such as IoT, AI, and big data analytics to provide real-time tracking and monitoring of assets, machines, and people within industrial environments. With our RTLS, businesses can achieve improved operational efficiency, enhanced safety and reduced costs. By having real-time visibility into operations, industrial organizations can make informed, data-driven decisions, minimize downtime, and ensure compliance with industry regulations. With our RTLS, industrial businesses can transform their operations and stay ahead of the curve in the digital age.

Our full-stack industrial IoT solution provides end-to-end visibility and control over a wide range of assets and devices. It is designed to help organizations optimize their operations and gain a competitive edge in today's data-driven world. The turn-key platform integrates a range of technologies, including RTLS, sensor networks, edge computing, and big data analytics, to provide a comprehensive view of an organization's operations. We help organizations to track the location and status of assets in real-time, identify inefficiencies, and make decisions that drive business growth. Our IoT stack covers all the technology layers, from the edge devices to the cloud. It includes hardware components such as sensors and gateways, a robust software platforms for data management and analysis, and a user-friendly dashboard for real-time monitoring and control. Our solutions also offer robust security features, to help ensure the protection of sensitive data. Additionally, our RTLS provides scalability and flexibility, allowing organizations to easily integrate it with their existing systems and add new capabilities as their needs evolve.

The Company notes that during the fourth quarter and as of December 31, 2023, the Grafiti LLC and Grafiti Holding Inc. divestitures, which represent both the Shoom and SAVES operating segments and a portion of the Indoor Intelligence segment, have been disposed of or met the held for sale criteria and represent a strategic shift in the Company's operations, and therefore are presented as discontinued operations. As such, these disposal groups have been excluded from both continuing operations and segment results for all periods presented. In addition, the Company also notes that as of December 31, 2023, the
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Enterprise Apps divesiture, which was completed in the first quarter of 2023, is presented as discontinued operations and as such, have been excluded from both continuing operations and segment results for all periods presented. This divestiture represents a portion of the Indoor Intelligence operating segment. Therefore, apart from our aircraft and development and manufacturing business, only the Indoor Intelligence operating segment remains as of December 31, 2023.

Revenues decreased in the year ended December 31, 2023 over the same period in 2022 by approximately $1.5 million which is primarily attributable to longer sales cycles and delayed purchasing decisions by customers due to economic certainties for our real time location based technologies. This decrease was also a result of our transition to a location-as-a-service ("LaaS") model which impacts short term non-recurring revenue recognition but will increase our recurring revenue over time. As a result of our shift to recurring revenue with the LaaS business model we are seeing a stronger sales pipeline than the prior year as customers have less upfront expenditure. We expect to grow our Indoor Intelligence product revenues in 2024. The Indoor Intelligence product line does have long sales cycles, which result from customer-related issues such as budget and procurement processes but also because of the early stages of indoor-positioning technology and the learning curve required for customers to implement such solutions. Customers also often engage in a pilot program first which prolongs sales cycles and is typical of most emerging technology adoption curves. We anticipate sales cycles to improve in 2024 as our customer base moves from early adopters to mainstream customers. The sales cycle is also improving with the increased presence and awareness of beacon and Wi-Fi locationing technologies in the market. Indoor Intelligence sales can be licensed-based with government customers but commercial customers typically prefer a SaaS or subscription model.
We experienced a net loss from continuing operations of approximately $34.4 million and $19.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. This increase in loss of approximately $14.7 million was primarily attributable to the acquisition costs during the year ended December 31, 2023 inclusive of the XTI and Damon transactions of approximately $4.2 million, the transaction costs during the year ended December 31, 2023 inclusive of the CXApp transaction of $3.1 million, the warrant inducement expense of approximately $3.4 million, the higher interest expense and higher tax provision. We cannot assure that we will ever earn revenues sufficient to support our operations, or that we will ever be profitable. In order to continue our operations, we have supplemented the revenues we earned with proceeds from the sale of our equity and debt securities and proceeds from loans and bank credit lines.

Recent Events
March 2020 Note Exchanges
During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company entered into exchange agreements with Iliad, pursuant to which the Company and Iliad agreed to: (i) partition new promissory notes in the form of the March 2020 Note with Illiad equal to approximately $0.9 million and then cause the outstanding balance of the March 2020 10% Note to be reduced by approximately $0.9 million; and (ii) exchange the partitioned note for the delivery of 6,113 shares of the Company's common stock at effective prices between $109.00 and $168.00 per share. The Company analyzed the exchange of the principal under the March 2020 10% Note as an extinguishment and compared the net carrying value of the debt being extinguished to the reacquisition price (shares of common stock being issued) and there was no loss on the exchange for debt for equity. The March 2020 Note was satisfied in full during the year ended December 31, 2023.
July 2022 Note Exchanges and Amendment
On May 16, 2023, the Company entered into an amendment (the “July 2022 Note Amendment”) to the July 2022 Note pursuant to which the maturity date was extended from July 22, 2023 to May 17, 2024 (the “July 2022 Note Maturity Date Extension”). In exchange for the July 2022 Note Maturity Date Extension, the Company agreed to pay Streeterville an extension fee in the amount of $0.1 million, which was added to the outstanding balance of the July 2022 Note.
During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company entered into exchange agreements with Streeterville, pursuant to which the Company and Streeterville agreed to: (i) partition new promissory notes in the form of the July 2022 Note equal to approximately $7.6 million and then cause the outstanding balance of the July 2022 Note to be reduced by approximately $7.6 million; and (ii) exchange the partitioned notes for the delivery of 469,046 shares of the Company’s common stock, at effective prices between $5.56 and $91.50 per share. The Company analyzed the exchange of the principal under the July 2022 Note as an extinguishment and compared the net carrying value of the debt being extinguished to the reacquisition price (shares of common stock being issued) and recorded a $0.1 million loss on the exchange for debt for equity which is included in the other income/expense line of the consolidated statement of operations. The July 2022 Note was satisfied in full during the year ended December 31, 2023.
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December 2022 Note Exchanges and Amendment
On May 16, 2023, the Company entered into an amendment (the “December 2022 Note Amendment”) to the December 2022 Note pursuant to which the maturity date of the December 2022 Note was extended from December 30, 2023 to May 17, 2024 (the “December 2022 Note Maturity Date Extension”). In exchange for the December 2022 Note Maturity Date Extension, the Company agreed to pay the Holder an extension fee in the amount of $0.1 million which was added to the outstanding balance of the December 2022 Note.
During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company entered into exchange agreements with Streeterville, pursuant to which the Company and Streeterville agreed to: (i) partition new promissory notes in the form of the Dec 2022 Note equal to approximately $0.7 million and then cause the outstanding balance of the July 2022 Note to be reduced by approximately $0.7 million; and (ii) exchange the partitioned notes for the delivery of 130,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, at effective price of $5.56 per share. The Company analyzed the exchange of the principal under the Dec 2022 Note as an extinguishment and compared the net carrying value of the debt being extinguished to the reacquisition price (shares of common stock being issued) and and there was no loss on the exchange for debt for equity.
At-The-Market (ATM) Program

On July 22, 2022, the Company entered into an Equity Distribution Agreement (the "Sales Agreement") with Maxim Group LLC (“Maxim”) under which the Company may offer and sell shares of its common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $25.0 million (the “Shares”) from time to time through Maxim, acting exclusively as the Company’s sales agent (the “ATM Offering”). On June 13, 2023, the Company entered into an amendment to the Sales Agreement with Maxim, pursuant to which the aggregate offering price of the ATM Offering was increased from $25.0 million to approximately $27.4 million. The Company intends to use the net proceeds of the ATM Offering primarily for working capital and general corporate purposes.

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company sold 703,756 shares of common stock at share prices between $13.96 and $186.00 per share under the Sales Agreement for gross proceeds of approximately $27.4 million or net proceeds of $26.5 million after deducting the placement agency fees and other offering expenses. The Company is not obligated to make any sales of the Shares under the Sales Agreement and no assurance can be given that the Company will sell any additional Shares under the Sales Agreement, or if it does, as to the price or amount of Shares that the Company will sell, or the date on which any such sales will take place. The Company is currently subject to the SEC’s “baby shelf rules,” which prohibit companies with a public float of less than $75 million from issuing securities under a shelf registration statement in excess of one-third of such company’s public float in a 12-month period. These rules may limit future issuances of shares by the Company under the Sales Agreement or other offerings pursuant to the Company’s effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3.

On December 29, 2023, the Company entered into Amendment No. 2 to Sales Agreement pursuant to which the parties extended the term of the Sales Agreement until the earliest of (i) December 31, 2024, (ii) the sale of shares of the Company’s common stock having an aggregate offering price equal to the Offering Size (as defined in the Sales Agreement), and (iii) the termination by either Maxim or the Company upon the provision of 15 days written notice or otherwise pursuant to the terms of the Sales Agreement.
CVH Class A Unit Transfers
On February 27, 2023, the Company entered into Limited Liability Company Unit Transfer and Joinder Agreements with certain of the Company’s employees (the “Transferees”), pursuant to which (i) the Company transferred all of its Class A Units of CVH (the “Class A Units”), an aggregate of 599,999 Class A Units, to the Transferees as bonus consideration in connection with each Transferee’s services performed for and on behalf of the Company as an employee, as applicable, and (ii) each Transferee became a member of CVH and a party to the Amended and Restated Limited Liability Company Agreement of CVH, dated as of September 30, 2020.
Warrant Amendments
On February 28, 2023, the Company entered into warrant amendments (the “Warrant Amendments”) with certain holders (each, including its successors and assigns, a “Warrant Holder” and collectively, the “Warrant Holders”) of (i) those certain Common Stock Purchase Warrants issued by the Company in April 2018 (the “April 2018 Warrants”) pursuant to the registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-204159), (ii) those certain Common Stock Purchase Warrants issued by the
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Company in September 2021 (the “September 2021 Warrants”) pursuant to the registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-256827), and (iii) those certain Common Stock Purchase Warrants issued by the Company in March 2022 (the “March 2022 Warrants” and together with the April 2018 Warrants and the September 2021 Warrants, the “Existing Warrants”) pursuant to the registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-256827).

    Pursuant to the Warrant Amendments, the Company and the Warrant Holders have agreed to amend (i) the September 2021 Warrants and the March 2022 Warrants to provide that all of such outstanding warrants shall be automatically exchanged for shares of common stock of the Company, at a rate of 0.0033 shares of Common Stock (the “Exchange Shares”) for each September 2021 Warrant or March 2022 Warrant, as applicable, and (ii) the April 2018 Warrants to remove the obligation of the Company to hold the portion of a Distribution (as defined in the April 2018 Warrants) in abeyance in connection with the Beneficial Ownership Limitation (as defined in the April 2018 Warrants).

In connection with the exchange for all of the then outstanding September 2021 Warrants and March 2022 Warrants as of the effective date of the Warrant Amendments, the Company issued 3,249 Exchange Shares in the aggregate.
May 2023 Warrant Purchase Agreement
On May 15, 2023, the Company entered into a Warrant Purchase Agreement (the “Agreement”) with multiple purchasers for the purchase and sale of up to an aggregate of 1,500,000 of warrants (the “May 2023 Warrants”). The Agreement and the May 2023 Warrants were subsequently amended on June 20, 2023. The purchase price for one (1) May 2023 Warrant is $0.01 (the “Per Warrant Purchase Price”). The May 2023 Warrants have an initial exercise price $26.00, payable in cash or the cancellation of indebtedness ( the “Initial Exercise Price”). The exercise price will equal the lower of (i) the Initial Exercise Price and (ii) 90% of the lowest VWAP (as defined in the Agreement) of the Common Stock for the five Trading Days (as defined in the Agreement) immediately prior to the date on which a Notice of Exercise is submitted to the Company (the “Adjusted Exercise Price” and together with the Initial Price, as applicable, the “Exercise Price”); provided, however, that the Adjusted Exercise Price shall not be less than $10.00; and provided further that any exercise of the May 2023 Warrants with an Adjusted Exercise Price will be subject to the Company’s consent unless the trading price of the Common Stock as of the time the Notice of Exercise is delivered to the Company is at least 10% or more above the prior Trading Day’s Nasdaq Official Closing Price. No warrant holder may exercise the May 2023 Warrants to the extent such exercise would cause such warrant holder, together with its affiliates and attribution parties, to beneficially own a number of shares of Common Stock which would exceed 9.99% of the Company’s then outstanding Common Stock following such exercise.

Each May 2023 Warrant is immediately exercisable for one share of Common Stock and will expire 1 year from the issuance date (the “Termination Date”) unless extended by the Company with the consent of the warrant holder. Pursuant to the terms of the May 2023 Warrants, at any time prior to the Termination Date, the Company may, in its sole discretion, redeem any portion of a May 2023 Warrants that have not been exercised, in cash, at the Per Warrant Purchase Price, plus all liquidated damages and other costs, expenses or amounts due in respect of the Warrants (the “Redemption Amount”) upon five Trading Days’ written notice to the warrant holder (the “Redemption Date”). On the Termination Date, the Company will be required to redeem any portion of the May 2023 Warrants that have not been exercised or redeemed prior to such date through payment of the Redemption Amount in cash. The Company will be required to pay any Redemption Amount within five Trading Days after the Redemption Date or the Termination Date, as applicable.

The 1,500,000 May 2023 Warrants were issued on May 17, 2023 for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $1.5 million. The aggregate net proceeds from the offerings, after deducting the placement agent fees and other estimated offering expenses, were approximately $1.4 million.

The May 2023 Warrants were determined to be within the scope of ASC 480 as they represent obligations to the Company, as the Company is obligated to redeem any May 2023 Warrants that have not been exercised at the Termination Date. As such, the Company recorded the May 2023 Warrants as a liability at fair value on the issuance date. The fair value of the May 2023 Warrants was determined using level 3 inputs utilizing a Monte-Carlo simulation. The May 2023 Warrants are subsequently measured as if the May 2023 Warrants were to be settled on the current redemption value with subsequent changes recognized as interest cost. The fair value of the Warrants was determined to be $1.48 million at the date of issuance, and the redemption value of the Warrants was determined to be approximately $0.9 million as of December 31, 2023. The fair value of the Warrants are reflected within Warrant Liability on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. An immediate loss was recognized on the initial measurement date of $71,250 as a result of the difference between fair value and net proceeds. The change in fair value of Warrants of $71,250 for the year ended December 31, 2023 was reported as other expense on the
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Consolidated Statement of Operations. The interest cost of $20,000 for the year ended December 31, 2023 was included in interest expense, net on the Consolidated Statement of Operations.

During July 2023, the Company issued 90,000 shares of common stock in connection with the exercise of 90,000 warrants with an exercise price of $26.00 per share in connection with the May 2023 offering for which the Company received gross proceeds of approximately $2.3 million.
Warrant Inducement

On December 15, 2023, the Company entered into an warrant inducement letter agreements (the “Inducement Agreements”) with certain holders (including their respective successors and assigns, the “Holders”) of the Common Stock Purchase Warrants issued by the Company on May 17, 2023 (“May 2023 Warrants”) and reissued on December 15, 2023, as applicable (as amended on June 20, 2023, the “Existing Warrants”) in order to induce the Holders to exercise 491,310 Existing Warrants for cash, pursuant to the terms of and subject to beneficial ownership limitations contained in the Existing Warrants, the Company agreed to issue to the Holders, New Warrants to purchase 1 share of common stock for each share of common stock issued upon such exercise of the remaining Existing Warrants pursuant to the Inducement Agreements for an aggregate of 491,314 New Warrants. Pursuant to the Inducement Agreements the Existing Warrants exercise price was from $10.00 to $5.13 per share, which is equal to a 30% discount to the average closing price of the Common Stock for the five trading days prior to the execution of the Inducement Agreements, such that the Exercised Shares will be exercised at the New Exercise Price. The Inducement Agreements was a limited time offer that had to be accepted by December 18, 2023. The terms of the New Warrants had an initial exercise price of $7.324, which was subsequently reduced by the Company to $5.13, are immediately exercisable, and will expire 5 years from the date of the Exercise Agreement. The Holder paid an aggregate of approximately $2.5 million to the Company for the exercise of the Existing Warrants. The Company recognized approximately $3.4 million of non-cash warrant inducement expense during year ended December 31, 2023, which is displayed in other expense on the accounting statement of operations. The warrant inducement expense represents the fair value of the New Warrants issued to induce the exercise. The fair values were calculated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

Compliance with Nasdaq Continued Listing Requirements

On April 14, 2023, Nasdaq notified us that for the last 30 consecutive business days, the bid price for the Company’s common stock had closed below the minimum $1.00 per share requirement for continued inclusion on the Nasdaq Capital Market pursuant to Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2). In accordance with Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), we were provided 180 calendar days, or until October 11, 2023, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement. We were not able to regain compliance within this 180-day period; however, on October 12, 2023, we received notice from Nasdaq that we were granted an additional 180 calendar days, or until April 8, 2024, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement.

However, on November 9, 2023, we received notice (the “November 9 Letter”) from Nasdaq that Nasdaq had determined that as of November 8, 2023, our securities had a closing bid price of $0.10 or less for ten consecutive trading days triggering application of Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A)(iii) which states in part: if during any compliance period specified in Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), a company’s security has a closing bid price of $0.10 or less for ten consecutive trading days, the Listing Qualifications Department shall issue a Staff Delisting Determination under Rule 5810 with respect to that security (the “Low Priced Stocks Rule”). As a result, the Staff has issued a letter notifying us of its determination to delist our securities from Nasdaq effective as of the opening of business on November 20, 2023, unless we requested an appeal of the Staff’s determination on or prior to November 16, 2023, pursuant to the procedures set forth in the Nasdaq Listing Rule 5800 Series.

We requested a hearing before the Nasdaq Hearings Panel (the “Panel”) to appeal the determination described in the November 9 Letter and to address compliance with the Low-Priced Stocks Rule which hearing was held on February 6, 2024. On March 1, 2024, the Panel notified us that it had granted our request for continued listing subject to the company evidencing a closing bid price of $1 or more per share for a minimum of ten consecutive trading days on or before May 7, 2024 which is the full extent of the Panel's discretion.

In order to cure the bid price deficiency and satisfy the bid price requirements applicable for initial listing applications in connection with the closing of the XTI Merger, on March 12, 2024, we effected a 1-for-100 reverse stock split of our outstanding shares of common stock shortly prior to the Effective Time of the XTI Merger. On March 26, 2024, we were informed by Nasdaq that we had regained compliance with the minimum bid price requirement and that we were back in compliance with the applicable Nasdaq continued listing criteria.

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Leonard Oppenheim, a former independent director and the former Chairman of the Audit Committee, resigned from the Board effective as of March 31, 2024. On April 4, 2024, we received a notification letter from the Listing Qualifications Department of Nasdaq that due to Mr. Oppenheim's resignation, we no longer comply with Nasdaq’s independent director and audit committee requirements as set forth in Listing Rule 5605 as the Board is not comprised of a majority of “independent directors” (as that term is defined in Nasdaq Listing Rule 5605(a)(2)) as required by Nasdaq Listing Rule 5605(b)(1) and the Audit Committee is not comprised of at least three independent directors as required by Nasdaq Listing Rule 5605(c)(2)(A). Consistent with Nasdaq Listing Rules 5605(b)(1)(A) and 5605(c)(4), Nasdaq has provided us a cure period in order to regain compliance (i) until the earlier of our next annual shareholders’ meeting or March 31, 2025, or (ii) if the next annual shareholders’ meeting is held before September 27, 2024, then we must evidence compliance no later than September 27, 2024.

We intend to appoint an additional independent director to the Board and the Audit Committee prior to the end of the cure period. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to regain compliance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5605 or will otherwise be in compliance with other Nasdaq continued listing requirements.

Amendments to By-Laws

On September 18, 2023, the Company’s Board of Directors(the “Board”) approved two amendments to the Company’s amended and restated by-laws, as amended (the “By-Laws”), effective as of the date of the Board’s approval (“By-Laws Amendment No. 3” and “By-Laws Amendment No. 4,” respectively), pursuant to NRS 78.120(2) of Chapter 78 of the Nevada Revised Statutes (the “NRS”). By-Laws Amendment No. 3 gives the Board the full power and authority to amend the By-Laws as permitted by the NRS. By-Laws Amendment No. 4 (i) revises certain By-Laws relating to the removal of directors and the filling of vacancies on the Board to be consistent with NRS 78.335 and (ii) reduces the quorum requirement for all meetings of stockholders (unless otherwise provided by the NRS, the Company’s articles of incorporation or the By-Laws) from the presence, in person or by proxy, of a majority of the outstanding shares of stock entitled to vote to the presence, in person or by proxy, of one-third of the outstanding shares of stock entitled to vote, as permitted pursuant to NRS 78.320(1) and Nasdaq Listing Rule 5620(c).

On March 12, 2024, the Board adopted by resolution an amendment to the By-Laws that classifies the members of the Board into three classes (Class I, Class II and Class III) with staggered terms. Pursuant to the By-Laws amendment, the current term of the Class I directors will expire at the annual meeting of the stockholders of the Company for the year 2024, the current term of the Class II directors will expire at the annual meeting of the stockholders of the Company for the year 2025, and the current term of the Class III directors will expire at the annual meeting of the stockholders of the Company for the year 2026. At each succeeding annual meeting of stockholders of the Company successors of the class of directors whose term expires at that meeting shall be elected to hold office in accordance with the By-Laws.

Enterprise Apps Spin-off and Business Combination

On March 14, 2023, Inpixon completed (the “Closing”) of the separation (the “Separation”) of its enterprise apps business (including its workplace experience technologies, indoor mapping, events platform, augmented reality and related business solutions) (the “Enterprise Apps Business”) through a spin-off of CXApp Holding Corp., a Delaware corporation ("CXApp"), to certain holders of Inpixon securities as of March 6, 2023 (the “Record Date”) on a pro rata basis (the “Distribution” or “Enterprise Apps Spin-off”) and merger (the “Merger”) of CXApp with a wholly owned subsidiary of KINS Technology Group Inc., a Delaware corporation (“KINS”), in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction (collectively, the “Transactions”) pursuant to (i) an Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of September 25, 2022, by and among Inpixon, KINS, CXApp, and KINS Merger Sub Inc. (the "Merger Agreement") and (ii) a Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of September 25, 2022, among KINS, Inpixon, CXApp and Design Reactor, Inc. (the "Separation Agreement”, and collectively with the Merger Agreement and the other related transaction documents, the “Transaction Agreements”).

In connection with the Closing, KINS was renamed CXApp Inc. (“New CXApp”). Pursuant to the Transaction Agreements, Inpixon contributed cash sufficient to ensure CXApp had $10 million in cash and cash equivalents prior to the deduction of transaction expenses at closing and certain assets and liabilities constituting the Enterprise Apps Business, including certain related subsidiaries of Inpixon, to CXApp (the “Contribution”). In consideration for the Contribution, CXApp issued to Inpixon additional shares of CXApp common stock such that the number of shares of CXApp common stock then outstanding equaled the number of shares of CXApp common stock necessary to effect the Distribution. Pursuant to the Distribution, Inpixon shareholders as of the Record Date received one share of CXApp common stock for each share of Inpixon common stock held as of such date. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, each share of Legacy CXApp common stock was thereafter exchanged for the right to receive 0.09752221612415190 of a share of New CXApp Class A common stock (with
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fractional shares rounded down to the nearest whole share) and 0.3457605844401750 of a share of New CXApp Class C common stock (with fractional shares rounded down to the nearest whole share). New CXApp Class A common stock and New CXApp Class C common stock are identical in all respects, except that New CXApp Class C common stock is not listed and will automatically convert into New CXApp Class A common stock on the earlier to occur of (i) the 180th day following the closing of the Merger and (ii) the day that the last reported sale price of New CXApp Class A common stock equals or exceeds $12.00 per share for any 20 trading days within any 30-trading day period following the closing of the Merger. Upon the closing of the Transactions, Inpixon’s existing security holders held approximately 50.0% of the shares of New CXApp common stock outstanding.

Employee Matters Agreement

On March 14, 2023, in connection with the consummation of the Business Combination and as contemplated by the Separation Agreement, CXApp, Legacy CXApp, Inpixon and Merger Sub entered into the Employee Matters Agreement (the “Employee Matters Agreement”). The Employee Matters Agreement sets forth the terms and conditions of certain employee related matters in connection with the transaction, including, but not limited to the participation in benefits for each of the respective companies as relevant, and the assumption and retention of benefit plan assets and liabilities, worker's compensation, payroll taxes, regulatory filings, and the sharing of employee information.

Tax Matters Agreement

On March 14, 2023, in connection with the consummation of the Business Combination and as contemplated by the Separation Agreement, CXApp, Legacy CXApp and Inpixon entered into the Tax Matters Agreement (the “Tax Matters Agreement”) which governs each party’s respective rights, responsibilities and obligations with respect to tax liabilities and benefits, tax attributes, the preparation and filing of tax returns, the control of audits and other tax proceedings and certain other matters regarding taxes.

Allocation of Taxes

In general, KINS and CXApp will be liable for all U.S. federal, state, local and foreign taxes (and any related interest, penalties or audit adjustments) that are (i) imposed with respect to tax returns that include both CXApp and Inpixon, to the extent such taxes are attributable to CXApp or the Enterprise Apps Business, or (ii) imposed with respect to tax returns that include CXApp but not Inpixon, in each case, for tax periods (or portions thereof) beginning after the Distribution. Inpixon will generally be liable for taxes described in clauses (i) and (ii) above for tax periods (or portions thereof) ending on the date of or prior to the Distribution, and any and all Distribution Taxes, as defined in the Tax Matters Agreement (generally, taxes imposed with respect to the Separation, Contribution, and Distribution). However, CXApp and KINS may be liable for certain taxes pursuant to indemnity obligations described below.

Indemnification Obligations

The Tax Matters Agreement generally provides for indemnification obligations between New CXApp and KINS, on the one hand, and Inpixon, on the other hand. In particular, CXApp and KINS must indemnify Inpixon for taxes allocated to CXApp or KINS, as described above, and Inpixon must indemnify New CXApp and KINS for taxes as allocated to Inpixon as described above, which would generally include Distribution Taxes. The Tax Matters Agreements, however, provides that KINS and CXApp may be liable for certain taxes to the extent such taxes result from a breach of certain representations or restrictive covenants made by KINS and CXApp, as described below.
Transition Services Agreement

On March 14, 2023, in connection with the consummation of the Business Combination and as contemplated by the Separation Agreement, Legacy CXApp and Inpixon entered into a Transition Services Agreement (the “Transition Services Agreement”) pursuant to which Inpixon and certain employees and representatives and CXApp and certain employees and representatives will provide services to each other primarily related to payroll and benefits administration, IT support, finance and accounting services, contract administration and management services, and other administrative support services that may be required on an as needed basis, which services are of the type that CXApp and Inpixon provided to, and received from, each
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other prior to the Separation. The fees for each of the transition services are set forth in the Transition Services Agreement. The Transition Services Agreement will terminate on the expiration of the term of the last service provided under it, and if no expiration date is provided for any transition service, then such transition service will terminate twelve months after the date of the Transition Services Agreement, provided that the receiving party shall have the right to an extension of each or any transition service for up to six months by providing written notice to providing party in advance of the original termination date for such transition service if, prior to such request for extension, the receiving party has used commercially reasonable efforts to establish analogous capabilities of its own.

On March 15, 2023, New CXApp began regular-way trading on NASDAQ under the ticker symbol “CXAI.”
XTI Merger and Leadership Changes

On July 24, 2023, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (amended on December 30, 2023 and March 12, 2024, the “XTI Merger Agreement”) by and among us, Superfly Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and our then wholly-owned subsidiary (“Merger Sub”), and XTI Aircraft Company, a Delaware corporation (“Legacy XTI”). Pursuant to the XTI Merger Agreement, on March 12, 2024 (the “Closing Date”), Merger Sub merged with and into Legacy XTI (the “XTI Merger”), with Legacy XTI surviving the XTI Merger as our wholly-owned subsidiary. Following the effective time of the XTI Merger (the “Effective Time”) on the Closing Date, we amended our articles of incorporation to change our name from "Inpixon" to "XTI Aerospace, Inc." and the combined company opened for trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market on March 13, 2024 under the new ticker symbol “XTIA”.

Shortly prior to the Effective Time, we effected a 1-for-100 reverse split of our outstanding shares of common stock (the "Reverse Stock Split").

At the Effective Time, pursuant to the XTI Merger Agreement, the shares of Legacy XTI common stock outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time became the right to receive 7,843,668 shares of XTI Aerospace common stock, and the options and warrants to purchase shares of Legacy XTI common stock outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time were assumed by the Company and became exercisable for approximately 1,068,959 and 382,610 shares of XTI Aerospace common stock, respectively, based on an exchange ratio of 0.0892598 shares of XTI Aerospace common stock for each share of Legacy XTI common stock in accordance with the XTI Merger Agreement. Prior to the Effective Time, Legacy XTI received the consents of certain of its convertible note holders to convert the outstanding balance under their convertible notes, equal to an aggregate outstanding amount of $7,535,701, into shares of Legacy XTI common stock immediately prior to the Effective Time, enabling them to participate in the XTI Merger on the same basis as the other shares of Legacy XTI common stock. Legacy XTI convertible notes in the aggregate remaining principal and interest amount of $51,658, were assumed by the Company at the Effective Time and became convertible into approximately 4,611 shares of XTI Aerospace common stock.

Immediately prior to the Effective Time, all but $175,000 of the total principal and accrued interest balance of the convertible note issued by Legacy XTI to Dave Brody on October 1, 2023, as amended on March 12, 2024, was converted into shares of Legacy XTI common stock immediately prior to the Effective Time, enabling him to participate in the XTI Merger on the same basis as the other shares of XTI common stock. The remaining $175,000 became payable in cash by Legacy XTI upon consummation of the XTI Merger.

Immediately following the Effective Time, XTI Aerospace had 9,786,801 shares of common stock issued and outstanding, subject to adjustment in connection with rounding associated with the Reverse Stock Split.

On March 12, 2024, the Company, Merger Sub and Legacy XTI entered into a Second Amendment to Merger Agreement (the “Merger Agreement Amendment”). The Merger Agreement Amendment amended the original XTI Merger Agreement, as amended by the First Amendment to Merger Agreement dated December 30, 2023, to provide, among other things, (i) adjustments for the issuance of shares of the Company’s newly designated non-convertible Series 9 preferred stock (“Series 9 Preferred Stock”) to Streeterville Capital, LLC in the exchange ratio calculation and (ii) the extension of the deadline to file a resale registration statement covering the shares issued in the XTI Merger that were not registered on the Company’s registration statement on Form S-4 filed in connection with the Merger to ten business days after the filing of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Following the issuance of shares under the Merger Agreement, Company security holders immediately prior to the Effective Time retained beneficial ownership of approximately 25% of the outstanding common stock of the Company on a fully-diluted basis and Legacy XTI security holders immediately prior to the Effective Time acquired beneficial ownership of
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shares of common stock amounting to approximately 75% of the outstanding common stock of the Company on a fully-diluted basis.

In connection with the consummation of the XTI Merger and as contemplated by the XTI Merger Agreement, as of the Effective Time, Mr. Nadir Ali and Ms. Wendy Loundermon resigned as Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Company, respectively. Following their resignation, the board of directors of the Company (the “Board”) appointed Mr. Scott Pomeroy as Chief Executive Officer of the Company and Ms. Brooke Turk as Chief Financial Officer of the Company.

Also at the Effective Time, Messrs. Nadir Ali and Tanveer Khader and Ms. Wendy Loundermon resigned as directors of the Company. Following the foregoing resignations, the Board appointed Messrs. Scott Pomeroy, Soumya Das and David Brody as directors to the Board.

Mr. Leonard Oppenheim resigned from the Board, effective as of March 31, 2024. Mr. Kareem Irfan continues to serve on the Board.

As contemplated by the terms of the XTI Merger Agreement, as of the Effective Time, the Company determined that the post-closing Board would consist of a total of five directors, and therefore, two of the directors are required to have been nominated by the Company, at least one of whom is an independent director. Accordingly, the Board is currently comprised of two directors nominated by the Company prior to the Effective Time (Messrs. Kareem Irfan and Soumya Das) and two directors nominated by Legacy XTI prior to the Effective Time (Messrs. Scott Pomeroy and David Brody).

Due to Mr. Oppenheim's resignation, the Company received a notification letter from Nasdaq that the Company no longer complies with Nasdaq’s independent director and audit committee requirements as set forth in Listing Rule 5605. The Company has been granted a cure period in order to regain compliance and the Company intends to appoint an additional independent director to the Board and the Audit Committee prior to the end of the cure period. See "- Recent Events - Compliance with Nasdaq Continued Listing Requirements" for more information.

Financial Advisory Fees in connection with the XTI Merger

Pursuant to the terms of an amended advisory fees agreement among Legacy XTI, the Company and Maxim and in accordance with the XTI Merger Agreement, the Company issued 385,359 registered shares of XTI Aerospace common stock in exchange for shares of Legacy XTI common stock issued to Maxim based on the exchange ratio under the XTI Merger Agreement. Additionally, Maxim will receive $200,000 payable upon the closing of one or more debt or equity financings for which Maxim serves as placement agent or underwriter and in which the Company raises minimum aggregate gross proceeds of $10 million following the Effective Time.

Pursuant to its engagement letter with Legacy XTI, dated as of June 7, 2022, as amended (the “Chardan Engagement Letter”) and the XTI Merger Agreement, Chardan Capital Markets (“Chardan”) received a cash payment of $200,000 and 189,037 registered shares of XTI Aerospace common stock (the “Chardan Closing Shares”) in exchange for shares of Legacy XTI common stock issued to Chardan based on the exchange ratio under the XTI Merger Agreement. If within 120 days following the Effective Time, the Company consummates a public offering of securities in which the price per share of XTI Aerospace common stock (“Chardan Qualified Offering price”) is less than the per share price of Inpixon common stock utilized to calculate the number of Chardan Closing Shares, the Company will be required, subject to applicable securities laws, to issue additional shares of XTI Aerospace common stock to Chardan in an amount equal to (i) $1,000,000 minus the product of the number of Chardan Closing Shares and Chardan Qualified Offering Price, divided by (ii) the Chardan Qualified Offeing Price.

XTI Promissory Note & Security Agreement

Pursuant to the XTI Merger Agreement, on the first calendar day of the month following the date of the XTI Merger Agreement and on the first calendar day of each month thereafter until the earlier of (i) four months following the date of the XTI Merger Agreement and (ii) the Closing Date, Inpixon shall provide loans to XTI on a senior secured basis (each, a “Future Loan”), in such amounts requested by XTI in writing prior to the first calendar day of each such month. Each Future Loan will be in the principal amount of up to $0.5 million, and the aggregate amount of the Future Loans will be up to approximately $1.8 million (or such greater amount as Inpixon shall otherwise agree in its sole and absolute discretion). These Future Loans and security will be evidenced by a Senior Secured Promissory Note (the “XTI Promissory Note”) and a Security and Pledge Agreement (the “Security Agreement”).

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The XTI Promissory Note provides an aggregate principal amount up to approximately $2.3 million, which amount includes the principal sum of approximately $0.5 million which Inpixon previously advanced to XTI (the “Existing Loans”, collectively with the Future Loans, the “Inpixon Loans to XTI”) plus accrued interest on such amount, and the aggregate principal amount of the Future Loans. The XTI Promissory Note will bear interest at 10% per annum, compounded annually, and for each Future Loan, beginning on the date the Future Loan is advanced to XTI. On November 14, 2023, the principal amount under the XTI Promissory Note was increased to approximately $3.1 million and further increased to approximately $4.0 million effective as of January 30, 2024. The XTI Promissory Note balance and accrued interest as of December 31, 2023 is approximately $3.1 million and $0.04 million, respectively, and is included in the Company's consolidated balance sheet in Notes Receivable.

The outstanding principal amount under the XTI Promissory Note, together with all accrued and unpaid interest, shall be due and payable upon the earlier of (a) March 31, 2024, (b) when declared due and payable by Inpixon upon the occurrence of an event of default, or (c) within three business days following termination of the XTI Merger Agreement (i) by XTI because the XTI Board adopts a superior proposal prior to delivering the XTI Stockholder Consent, or (ii) by Inpixon because the XTI Board has made a change in recommendation, or XTI has breached or failed to perform in any material respect any of its covenants and agreements regarding obtaining its required stockholder approval or non-solicitation. The XTI Promissory Note will be forgiven and of no further force if the XTI Merger Agreement is terminated by the Company's Board because it adopts a superior proposal prior to obtaining the required Inpixon stockholder approval, subject to Inpixon’s rights and remedies under the Promissory Note, the Security Agreement, and the Merger Agreement. If the XTI Merger Agreement is terminated by XTI because the Inpixon Board makes a change in recommendation or Inpixon is in material breach of its covenants and agreements regarding obtaining its required stockholder approval or non-solicitation, the maturity date of the XTI Promissory Note will be extended to December 31, 2024.

The Security Agreement grants the Company a first priority security interest in and lien upon all of XTI’s property to secure the repayment of the XTI Promissory Note. The Company intends to amend the XTI Promissory Note to extend the term thereof.

Amendments to Articles of Incorporation for Reverse Stock Split and Name Change

On March 11, 2024, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to its articles of incorporation with the Secretary of State of Nevada to effect a 1-for-100 reverse split of our outstanding shares of common stock (the "Reverse Stock Split"), which was approved by the Company’s stockholders at a special meeting in lieu of annual meeting held on December 8, 2023. Any fractional shares resulting from the Reverse Stock Split will be rounded up to the nearest whole share. The Company’s authorized number of shares of common stock was not reduced by the Reverse Stock Split. The Reverse Stock Split became effective shortly before the Effective Time. The exercise price per share and number of shares issuable under all of the Company’s outstanding securities convertible into or exercisable for common stock have been proportionately adjusted to account for the Reverse Stock Split.

On March 11, 2024, the Company also filed a Certificate of Amendment to its articles of incorporation with the Secretary of State of Nevada to change the name of the Company from “Inpixon” to “XTI Aerospace, Inc.”, which became effective shortly after the Effective Time.

As of March 13, 2024, the trading symbol for the Company’s common stock has changed to “XTIA.” The new CUSIP number for the Company’s common stock following the Reverse Stock Split, the Merger and the name change is 98423K108.

Series 9 Preferred Stock

On March 12, 2024, the Company filed the Certificate of Designations of Preferences and Rights of Series 9 Preferred Stock (the “Certificate of Designation”), with the Secretary of State of Nevada, designating 20,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 of the Company, as Series 9 Preferred Stock. Each share of Series 9 Preferred Stock has a stated face value of $1,050.00 (“Stated Value”). The Series 9 Preferred Stock is not convertible into shares of common stock of the Company.

Each share of Series 9 Preferred Stock will accrue a rate of return on the Stated Value in the amount of 10% per year, compounded annually to the extent not paid, and pro rata for any fractional year periods (the “Preferred Return”). The Preferred Return will accrue on each share of Series 9 Preferred Stock from the date of issuance and shall be payable on a quarterly basis,
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either in cash or through the issuance of an additional number of shares of Series 9 Preferred Stock equal to (i) the Preferred Return then accrued and unpaid, divided by (ii) the Stated Value, at the Company’s discretion.

Commencing on the one-year anniversary of the respective issuance date of each share of Series 9 Preferred Stock, each such share of Series 9 Preferred Stock shall accrue an automatic quarterly dividend, based on three quarters of 91 days each and the last quarter of 92 days (or 93 days for leap years), which shall be calculated on the Stated Value of such share of Series 9 Preferred Stock, and which shall be payable in additional shares of Series 9 Preferred Stock, based on the Stated Value, or in cash as set forth in the Certificate of Designation (each, as applicable, the “Quarterly Dividend”). For the period beginning on the one-year anniversary of the issuance date of a share of Series 9 Preferred Stock to the two-year anniversary of the issuance date of each share of Series 9 Preferred Stock, the Quarterly Dividend shall be 2% per quarter in respect of such share, and for all periods following the two-year anniversary of the issuance date of each share of Series 9 Preferred Stock, the Quarterly Dividend shall be 3% per quarter in respect of such share.

    If at any time while any share of Series 9 Preferred Stock is outstanding, the Company undergoes or enters into a Fundamental Transaction (as defined in the Certificate of Designation), the Company shall cause any successor entity in any such Fundamental Transaction in which the Company is not the surviving company, to assume in writing all of the obligations of the Company under the Certificate of Designation. Subject to the terms and conditions in the Certificate of Designation, the Company may, at any time, elect to redeem all, but not less than all, of the shares of Series 9 Preferred Stock issued and outstanding from all of the Series 9 Preferred Stock holders by paying an amount in cash equal to the Series 9 Preferred Liquidation Amount (as defined below) applicable to such shares of Series 9 Preferred Stock being redeemed. The Series 9 Preferred Liquidation Amount per share is determined as the Stated Value per share plus any accrued but unpaid Preferred Return, and any accrued and unpaid Quarterly Dividend at that time.

The Series 9 Preferred Stock confers no voting rights on its holders, except with respect to matters that materially and adversely affect the rights or preferences of the Series 9 Preferred Stock or such matters specified in the Certificate of Designation that require the consent of holders of at least a majority of the outstanding shares of Series 9 Preferred Stock.

The Certificate of Designation contains certain obligations of the Company, such that until such time as no shares of Series 9 Preferred Stock remain outstanding, the Company and its subsidiaries are required to comply with certain covenants with respect to Fundamental Transactions, the Company’s indebtedness, the Company’s status as a publicly-traded company and an SEC reporting company, and other matters set forth in the Certificate of Designation, unless otherwise consented to by holders of at least a majority of the outstanding Series 9 Preferred Stock.

Exchange Agreement

On March 12, 2024, the Company and Streeterville Capital, LLC (the “Note Holder”), the holder of an outstanding promissory note issued on December 30, 2023 (as amended, the “December 2023 Note”), entered into an Exchange Agreement, pursuant to which the Note Holder exchanged the remaining balance of principal and accrued interest under the December 2023 Note in the aggregate amount of $9,801,521 for 9,801.521 shares of Series 9 Preferred Stock, based on an exchange price of $1,000 per share of Series 9 Preferred Stock. Following such exchange and the surrender of the December 2023 Note to the Company, the December 2023 Note is deemed paid in full, automatically canceled, and will not be reissued.

Securities Purchase Agreement

On March 12, 2024, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) with an entity controlled by the Company’s director and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Nadir Ali (the “Purchaser”). Pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, the Purchaser purchased 1,500 shares of Series 9 Preferred Stock for a total purchase price of $1,500,000, based on a purchase price of $1,000 per share of Series 9 Preferred Stock. The Company agreed that the Purchaser will be deemed a “Required Holder” as defined in the Certificate of Designation (as defined under Item 5.03 below) as long as the Purchaser holds any shares of Series 9 Preferred Stock.

The Securities Purchase Agreement sets forth certain restrictions on the Company’s use of the proceeds from the sale of the Series 9 Preferred Stock pursuant thereto, including that the proceeds must be used in connection with the redemption of the Series 9 Preferred Stock pursuant to the Certificate of Designation or working capital purposes, and may not, without the consent of the required holders of Series 9 Preferred Stock, be used for, among other things, (i) the redemption of any XTIA
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common stock or common stock equivalents, (ii) the settlement of any outstanding litigation, or (d) for the repayment of debt for borrowed money to any officer or director, or Merger-transaction related bonuses to any employee or vendor except for such non-merger transaction related bonuses as may be payable to participants pursuant to the Company’s existing employee bonus plan.

The foregoing description of the Securities Purchase Agreement does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Securities Purchase Agreement and the Certificate of Designation, which are filed as Exhibits 10.77 and 3.14, respectively, to this Annual Report on Form 10-K and are incorporated by reference herein.
.
Transaction Bonus Plan in connection with Completed Transaction

On March 14, 2023, Inpixon completed a reorganization involving the transfer of Inpixon’s CXApp and enterprise app business lines to a subsidiary of Inpixon, followed by a distribution of shares of such subsidiary to Inpixon’s equity holders. The reorganization was followed by a subsequent business combination transaction between such former subsidiary and KINS Technology Group Inc., a special purpose acquisition company which was renamed CXApp, Inc. upon the consummation of the business combination (collectively, the “Completed Transaction”).

On July 24, 2023, the compensation committee of the Inpixon Board (the “Committee”) adopted a Transaction Bonus Plan (the “Completed Transaction Bonus Plan”), which is intended to compensate certain current and former employees and service providers for the successful consummation of the Completed Transaction. The Completed Transaction Bonus Plan will be administered by the Committee. It will terminate upon the completion of all payments under the terms of the Completed Transaction Bonus Plan, provided, that the Board may terminate the plan as to any participant prior to the completion of all payment to under participant under the plan.

Pursuant to the Completed Transaction Bonus Plan, in connection with the Completed Transaction,

    ● Participants listed on Schedule 1 of the Completed Transaction Bonus Plan will be eligible for a cash bonus equal to 100% of their aggregate annual base salary in effect as of the end of the year ended December 31, 2022, provided that the participants must execute a customary release of claims and confidentiality agreement.

    ● Participants listed on Schedule 2 of the Completed Transaction Bonus Plan including Inpixon’s named executive officers Nadir Ali and Wendy Loundermon will be eligible for a cash bonus in an aggregate amount of 4% of the $70,350,000 transaction value of the Completed Transaction, with Mr. Ali and Ms. Loundermon being entitled to 3.5% and 0.5% of such transaction value, respectively.

The Company paid approximately $3.5 million to the company management and former management under the Transaction Bonus Plan which settled the amount in full and no amounts were owed under the plan as of December 31, 2023.

In addition, if a participant becomes entitled to any payments or benefits from the Completed Transaction Bonus Plan or any other amounts (collectively, the “Company Payments Relating to the Completed Transaction Plan”) that are subject to the tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Excise Tax”), the company will pay the participant the greater of the following amounts: (i) the Company Payments Relating to the Completed Transaction Plan, or (ii) one dollar less than the amount of the Company Payments Relating to the Completed Transaction Plan that would subject the participant to the Excise Tax, as mutually agreed between the company and the participant.

Transaction Bonus Plan in connection with Future Strategic Transactions

On July 24, 2023, the Committee adopted a Transaction Bonus Plan, which was amended on March 11, 2024 (the “Plan”), and is intended to provide incentives to certain employees and other service providers to remain with the Company through the consummation of a Contemplated Transaction or Qualifying Transaction (each as defined below) and to maximize the value of the company with respect to such transaction for the benefit of its stockholders. The Plan will be administered by the Committee. It will automatically terminate upon the earlier of (i) the one-year anniversary of the adoption date, (ii) the completion of all payments under the terms of the Plan, or (iii) at any time by the Committee, provided, however, that the Plan
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may not be amended or terminated following the consummation of a Contemplated Transaction or Qualifying Transaction without the consent of each participant being affected, except as required by any applicable law. The Plan was amended on

A “Contemplated Transaction” refers to a strategic alternative transaction including an asset sale, merger, reorganization, spin-off or similar transaction (a “Strategic Transaction”) that results in a change of control as defined in the Plan. A Qualifying Transaction refers to a Strategic Transaction that does not result in a change of control for which bonuses may be paid pursuant to the Plan as approved by the Committee. The XTI Merger qualifies as a Contemplated Transaction.

Pursuant to the Plan, in connection with the closing of a Contemplated Transaction or a Qualifying Transaction, the participants will be eligible to receive bonuses as described below.

●     Participants listed on Schedule 1 of the Plan, including Nadir Ali, Wendy Loundermon, Soumya Das and certain other employees, are eligible for a cash bonus equal to 100% of their aggregate annual base salary and target bonus amount, provided that the participants must execute a customary release of claims and confidentiality agreement.

    ●     Participants listed on Schedule 2 of the Plan, including Nadir Ali and Wendy Loundermon will be eligible for a cash bonus in an aggregate amount of 4% of the applicable Transaction Value (as defined below). Mr. Ali is eligible for 3.5% of such Transaction Value less $6 million. Ms. Loundermon is eligible for 0.5% of such Transaction Value less $500,000. “Transaction Value” means the sum of any cash and the fair market value of any securities or other assets or property received by Inpixon or available for distribution to the holders of Inpixon’s equity securities in connection with the applicable transaction as provided for in the definitive agreement governing the applicable transaction, or such value as shall be designated by the Committee. The Transaction Value applicable to the XTI Merger was assessed at $225 million which was determined by the Committee in part based on the enterprise value of XTI following a valuation analysis performed by an independent financial advisory firm.

●    Schedule 3 of the Plan provides that:

(i) Nadir Ali shall receive an award (the “Award”) of fully vested shares of Company common stock (“Shares”) issued under the Inpixon 2018 Employee Stock Incentive Plan or any successor equity incentive plan adopted by the Company (the “Equity Plan”) on the date that is three (3) months following the Closing of the XTI Merger (the “Grant Date”) covering a number of shares having a fair market value (based on the closing price per Share on the Grant Date) equal to $1,023,600. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Nadir Ali shall not be eligible to receive the Award if his Consulting Agreement with the Company dated as of March 12, 2024 (the “Consulting Agreement”), terminates before the Grant Date due to (a) Company Good Reason (as defined in the Consulting Agreement) or (b) termination by Nadir Ali for any reason other than Consultant Good Reason (as defined in the Consulting Agreement).

(ii) Any amounts payable to any Participant in cash pursuant to the Plan, may be paid in Shares under the Equity Plan upon written agreement of the Company and such Participant. i

●    In the sole discretion of the Committee, receipt or eligibility for receipt by a participant of a transaction bonus in respect of a Contemplated Transaction shall not preclude such participant from receiving or being eligible to receive an additional transaction bonus in respect of a Qualifying Transaction.

Pursuant to the terms of the Plan:

(1) The first fifty percent (50%) of any amounts payable in connection with the XTI Merger pursuant to Schedule 1 and Schedule 2 of the Plan for each Participant, as applicable (the “First Fifty Percent”), shall become earned upon the earlier of closing of a financing (whether a registered offering or private unregistered offering) in which the Company sells Qualifying Securities (as defined below) and receives an amount of gross proceeds that when added to the proceeds of previous sales of Qualifying Securities following the closing of the XTI Merger equals $5 million (the “First Financing”) or June 30, 2024 (the “Earned Date”). “Qualifying Securities” means any debt or equity securities other than debt or equity securities having a maturity date or a redemption right at the option of the holder of fewer than six (6) months following the issuance of that security.

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(2) The remaining fifty percent (50%) of any amounts payable pursuant to Schedule 1 and Schedule 2 of the Plan (the “Remaining Fifty Percent”) will be earned upon the earlier of the closing of a subsequent financing in which the Company receives an amount of gross proceeds that when added to the proceeds of previous sales of Qualifying Securities following the First Financing aggregates to at least $5 million (“Subsequent Financing”) or the Earned Date.

(3) Following the Earned Date, the First Fifty Percent will be paid in three (3) equal monthly installments, beginning on July 1, 2024, and on the first day of each month thereafter until the First Fifty Percent is paid in full. The Remaining Fifty Percent will be paid in three (3) equal monthly installments, beginning October 1, 2024 and on the first day of each month thereafter until the Remaining Fifty Percent is paid in full.

(4) A Participant’s right to receive payment of the First Fifty Percent or the Second Fifty Percent is subject to the Participant’s continuing employment or other service with the Company or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates until the date on which the payment is earned (as specified in clause (1) or (2) above); provided, however, that if a Participant’s employment or service with the Company or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates terminates before the applicable payment is earned due to the involuntary termination of the Participant other than for Cause, such Participant will be deemed for this purpose to continue in employment or service with the Company and its subsidiaries and affiliates following the Participant’s termination date until the date the applicable payment is earned.

(5) In the event the Company is unable to raise a minimum of $5 million from the sale of Qualifying Securities as of June 30, 2024, the Participants hereby designate and appoint Nadir Ali, as the Participant Representative (defined below) to work with the Company as necessary to amend the payment schedule set forth above to ensure that the Company will have sufficient cash to support its operations. If Nadir Ali cannot or refuses to serve the Participant Representative, then the Participant Representative shall be selected by the Company from among the other Participants entitled to receive any payment pursuant to Schedule 1 or Schedule 2 of the Plan.

(6) If the Company or XTI pays cash bonuses related to the closing of the XTI Merger to the Company’s or XTI’s employees or individual service providers who are not Participants (“Non-Plan Transaction Bonuses”), any then-unpaid payments to Participants pursuant to the Plan shall be paid on an accelerated basis pursuant to a payment schedule that is substantially similar to the bonus payment schedule for the Non-Plan Transaction Bonuses. Conversely, if the Company agrees to an accelerated payment or more favorable payment terms of amounts payable pursuant to the Plan, all recipients of Non-Plan Transaction Bonuses shall receive similar treatment.

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company did not pay or accrue any bonuses under the Plan in connection with future strategic transactions.
Solutions Divestiture - Grafiti Holding Inc.
On October 23, 2023, the Company entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement (the “Separation Agreement”) with Grafiti Holding Inc. (“Grafiti Holding”). pursuant to which it contributed the assets and liabilities of Inpixon Limited, a then wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, to another then wholly owned subsidiary Grafiti Holding in accordance with the separation and distribution agreement. The Company transferred the Grafiti Holding common shares to a newly-created liquidating trust, titled the Grafiti Holding Inc. Liquidating Trust (the “Trust”), which holds the Grafiti Holding common shares for the benefit of the participating Company security holders of record as of December 27, 2023 (the "Record Date Holders"). Following the effectiveness of a registration statement (the "Spin-off Registration Statement") related to the spin-off distribution, the Grafiti Holding common shares will be delivered to the Record Date Holders, as beneficiaries of the Trust, pro rata in accordance with their ownership of shares or underlying shares of Inpixon common stock as of the record date. Upon distribution of the Grafiti Holding shares, it is expected that Record Date Holders will receive one (1) common share of Grafiti Holding for every fifty (50) shares of common stock of the Company held on the Record Date.
Damon Business Combination

On October 23, 2023, the Company also entered into a Business Combination Agreement (the “Business Combination Agreement”), with Damon Motors Inc., a British Columbia corporation (“Damon”), Grafiti Holding, and 1444842 B.C. Ltd., a British Columbia corporation and a newly formed wholly-owned subsidiary of Grafiti Holding (“Amalco Sub”), pursuant to which it is proposed that Amalco Sub and Damon amalgamate under the laws of British Columbia, Canada with the amalgamated company (the “Damon Surviving Corporation”) continuing as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Grafiti Holding (the
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“Damon Business Combination”). The Damon Business Combination is subject to material conditions, including approval of the Damon Business Combination by securities holders of Damon, approval of the issuance of Grafiti Holding Common Shares to Damon securities holders pursuant to the Damon Business Combination Agreement by a British Columbia court after a hearing upon the fairness of the terms and conditions of the Business Combination Agreement as required by the exemption from registration provided by Section 3(a)(10) under the Securities Act, and approval of the listing of the Grafiti Holding Common Shares on the Nasdaq Stock Market (“Nasdaq”) after giving effect to the Damon Business Combination. Upon the consummation of the Damon Business Combination (the “Damon Closing”), both Inpixon UK and the Damon Surviving Corporation will be wholly-owned subsidiaries of Grafiti Holding, which will adopt a new name as determined by Damon. Grafiti Holding, after the Damon Closing, is referred to herein as the “combined company.” Pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, the parties will take all necessary action so that at the Closing, the board of directors of the combined company will consist of such directors as Damon may determine, subject to the independent requirements under the Nasdaq rules, and provided that at least one director will be nominated by Grafiti Holding.

Holders of Grafiti Holding Common Shares, including Participating Security holders and management that hold Grafiti Holding Common Shares immediately prior to the closing of the Damon Business Combination, are anticipated to retain approximately 18.75% of the outstanding capital stock of the combined company determined on a fully diluted basis, which includes up to 5% in equity incentives which may be issued to certain members of the Company's current and former management team.

On October 26, 2023, Inpixon purchased a convertible note from Damon in an aggregate principal amount of $3.0 million (the “Bridge Note”) together with the Bridge Note Warrant (as defined below) pursuant to a private placement, for a purchase price of $3.0 million. The Bridge Note has a 12% annual interest rate with a term of 12 months. The full principal balance and interest on the Bridge Note will automatically convert into common shares of Damon upon the public listing of Damon or a successor issuer thereof on a national securities exchange (a “Public Company Event”). The number of shares issued upon conversion due to a Public Company Event will equal the quotient obtained by dividing (x) the outstanding principal and unpaid accrued interest on the date of a Public Company Event (or within ten trading days of a direct listing), if any, by (y) the lesser of the then applicable Conversion Price or Public Company Event Conversion Price, each as defined in the Bridge Note. The Bridge Note will contain customary covenants relating to Damon’s financials and operations. In addition, Damon issued a five-year warrant to purchase 1,096,321 shares of Damon common stock in connection with the note. The exercise price per Common Share is equal to the quotient of the valuation cap and the diluted capitalization, as defined in the agreement.The Bridge Note Warrant contains a cashless exercise option if the warrant shares are not covered by an effective registration statement within 180 days following the consummation of the Public Company Event, and also a full ratchet price protection feature. If the Damon Business Combination is consummated, the Bridge Note will be converted into Grafiti Holding Common Shares and the Bridge Note Warrant will become exercisable for Grafiti Holding Common Shares.

Solutions Divestiture - Grafiti LLC
On February 21, 2024, the Company completed the disposition of the remaining portion of the Shoom, SAVES, and GYG business lines and assets that were excluded from the Grafiti Holding Transaction in accordance with the terms and conditions of an Equity Purchase Agreement, dated February 16, 2024, by and among Inpixon (“Seller”), Grafiti LLC, and Grafiti Group LLC (a newly formed entity controlled by Nadir Ali, the Company's CEO and a director) (“Buyer”). Pursuant to the terms of the Equity Purchase Agreement, Buyer acquired from 100% of the equity interest in Grafiti LLC, including the assets and liabilities primarily relating to Inpixon’s Saves, Shoom and Game Your Game business, including 100% of the equity interests of Inpixon India, Grafiti GmbH (previously Inpixon Gmbh) and Game Your Game, Inc. from the Company for a minimum purchase price of $1.0 million paid in two annual cash installments of $0.5 million due within 60 days after December 31, 2024 and 2025. The purchase price and annual cash installment payments will be (i) increased for 50% of net income after taxes, if any, from the operations of Grafiti LLC for the years ended December 31, 2024 and 2025; (ii) decreased for the amount of transaction expenses assumed; (iii) increased or decreased by the amount working capital of Grafiti LLC on the closing balance sheet is greater or less than $1.0 million.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”). In connection with the preparation of our consolidated financial statements, we are required to make assumptions
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and estimates about future events, and apply judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses and the related disclosures. We base our assumptions, estimates and judgments on historical experience, current trends and other factors that management believes to be relevant at the time our consolidated financial statements are prepared. On a regular basis, we review the accounting policies, assumptions, estimates and judgments to ensure that our consolidated financial statements are presented fairly and in accordance with GAAP. However, because future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty, actual results could differ from our assumptions and estimates, and such differences could be material.
Our significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 2 of the audited consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 which are included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We believe that the following accounting estimates are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results, and they require our most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, resulting from the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. There have been no changes to estimates during the periods presented in the filing. Historically changes in management estimates have not been material.
Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when control is transferred of the promised products or services to its customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those products or services. The Company derives revenue from software as a service, design and implementation services for its Indoor Intelligence systems, and professional services for work performed in conjunction with its systems.

Our contracts with customers often include promises to transfer multiple distinct products and services. Our licenses are sold as perpetual or term licenses and the arrangements typically contain various combinations of maintenance and professional services, which are accounted for as separate performance obligations. In determining how revenue should be recognized, a five-step process is used, which requires judgment and estimates within the revenue recognition process. The most critical judgements required in applying ASC 606 Revenue Recognition from Customers, and our revenue recognition policy relate to the determination of distinct performance obligations.

We receive fixed consideration for sales of hardware and software products. Revenue is recognized at point in time when the customer has title to the product and risks and rewards of ownership have transferred.

Revenue related to software as a service contract is recognized over time using the output method (days of software provided) because we are providing continuous access to its service.

Design and implementation revenue is accounted for using the percentage of completion method. As soon as the outcome of a contract can be estimated reliably, contract revenue is recognized in the consolidated statement of operations in proportion to the stage of completion of the contract. Accounting for these contracts involves the use of estimates to determine total contract costs to be incurred.

Professional services revenue under fixed fee contracts is recognized over time using the input method (direct labor hours) to recognize revenue over the term of the contract. We have elected the practical expedient to recognize revenue for the right to invoice because our right to consideration corresponds directly with the value to the customer of the performance completed to date.

We recognize revenue related to Maintenance Services evenly over time using the output method (days of software provided) because we provide continuous service, and the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits provided by our performance as the services are performed.

We also consider whether an arrangement has any discounts, material rights, or specified future upgrades that may represent additional performance obligations. We offer discounts in the form of prompt payment discounts and rebates for a decrease in service level percentages. We have determined that the most likely amount method is most useful for contracts that provides
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these discounts and rebates as the contracts have two potential outcomes and a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized is not expected to occur. Discounts have not historically been significant, but we continue to monitor and evaluate these estimates based on historical experience, anticipated performance, and our best judgment. Renewals or extensions of licenses are evaluated as distinct licenses (i.e., a distinct good or service), and revenue attributed to the distinct good or service cannot be recognized until (1) the entity provides the distinct license (or makes the license available) to the customer and (2) the customer is able to use and benefit from the distinct license. If any of these judgments were to change it could cause a material increase or decrease in the amount of revenue we report in a particular period.
Acquired Intangible Assets and Other Long-Lived Assets - Impairment Assessments
Long-lived assets are grouped for recognition and measurement of impairment at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets. The impairment test for long-lived assets requires us to assess the recoverability of our long-lived assets by comparing their net carrying value to the sum of undiscounted estimated future cash flows directly associated with and arising from our use and eventual disposition of the assets. If the net carrying value of a group of long-lived assets exceeds the sum of related undiscounted estimated future cash flows, we would be required to record an impairment charge equal to the excess, if any, of net carrying value over fair value.

When assessing the recoverability of our long-lived assets, which include property and equipment and finite-lived intangible assets, we make assumptions regarding estimated future cash flows and other factors. Some of these assumptions involve a high degree of judgment and bear a significant impact on the assessment conclusions. Included among these assumptions are estimating undiscounted future cash flows, including the projection of comparable sales, operating expenses, capital requirements for maintaining property and equipment and residual value of asset groups. We formulate estimates from historical experience and assumptions of future performance, based on business plans and forecasts, recent economic and business trends, and competitive conditions. In the event that our estimates or related assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record an impairment charge.

We evaluate the remaining useful lives of long-lived assets and identifiable intangible assets whenever events or circumstances indicate that a revision to the remaining period of amortization is warranted. Such events or circumstances may include (but are not limited to): the effects of obsolescence, demand, competition, and/or other economic factors including the stability of the industry in which we operate, known technological advances, legislative actions, or changes in the regulatory environment. If the estimated remaining useful lives change, the remaining carrying amount of the long-lived assets and identifiable intangible assets would be amortized prospectively over that revised remaining useful life. We have determined that there were no events or circumstances during the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, which would indicate a revision to the remaining amortization period related to any of our long-lived assets. Accordingly, we believe that the current estimated useful lives of long-lived assets reflect the period over which they are expected to contribute to future cash flows and are therefore deemed appropriate.

The Company recorded an impairment of intangibles of zero and approximately $4.6 million during the years December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, all of which pertains to discontinued operations.
Deferred Income Taxes
In accordance with ASC 740 “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”), management routinely evaluates the likelihood of the realization of its income tax benefits and the recognition of its deferred tax assets. In evaluating the need for any valuation allowance, management will assess whether it is more likely than not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax asset may not be realized on a jurisdictional basis. Ultimately, the realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during those periods in which temporary differences become deductible and/or tax credits and tax loss carry-forwards can be utilized. In performing its analyses, management considers both positive and negative evidence including historical financial performance, previous earnings patterns, future earnings forecasts, tax planning strategies, economic and business trends and the potential realization of net operating loss carry-forwards within a reasonable timeframe. To this end, management considered (i) that we have had historical losses in the prior years and cannot anticipate generating a sufficient level of future profits in order to realize the benefits of our deferred tax asset; (ii) tax planning strategies; and (iii) the adequacy of future income as of and for the year ended December 31, 2023, based upon certain economic conditions and historical losses through December 31, 2023. After consideration of these factors, management deemed it appropriate to establish a full valuation allowance with respect to the deferred tax assets for Inpixon, Nanotron GmbH, and Intranav GmbH.
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A liability for “unrecognized tax benefits” is recorded for any tax benefits claimed in the Company’s tax filings that do not meet these recognition and measurement standards. As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, no liability for unrecognized tax benefits was required to be reported. The guidance also discusses the classification of related interest and penalties on income taxes. The Company’s policy is to record interest and penalties on uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense. No interest or penalties were recorded during the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.
Business Combinations
We account for business combinations using the acquisition method of accounting, and accordingly, the assets and liabilities of the acquired business are recorded at their fair values at the date of acquisition. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value is recorded as goodwill. Any changes in the estimated fair values of the net assets recorded for acquisitions prior to the finalization of more detailed analysis, but not to exceed one year from the date of acquisition, will change the amount of the purchase price allocable to goodwill. Any subsequent changes to any purchase price allocations that are material to our consolidated financial results will be adjusted. All acquisition costs are expensed as incurred and in-process research and development costs are recorded at fair value as an indefinite-lived intangible asset and assessed for impairment thereafter until completion, at which point the asset is amortized over its expected useful life. Separately recognized transactions associated with business combinations are generally expensed subsequent to the acquisition date. The application of business combination and impairment accounting requires the use of significant estimates and assumptions.
Upon acquisition, the accounts and results of operations are consolidated as of and subsequent to the acquisition date and are included in our Consolidated Financial Statements from the acquisition date.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
During the fourth quarter and as of December 31, 2023, both the Shoom and SAVES operating segments and a portion of the Indoor Intelligence segment, were disposed of or met the held for sale criteria and represented a strategic shift in the Company's operations. As a result, these segments have been presented as discontinued operations and, as such, have been excluded from both continuing operations and segment results for all periods presented. In addition, the Company also notes that as of December 31, 2023, the divesiture of our Enterprise Apps line, which was completed in the first quarter of 2023, is presented as discontinued operations and as such, has been excluded from both continuing operations and segment results for all periods presented. This divestiture represented a portion of the Indoor Intelligence operating segment. Following these divestitures, only the Indoor Intelligence operating segment remained as of December 31, 2023.
Year Ended December 31, 2023 compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2022
The following table sets forth selected consolidated financial data as a percentage of our revenue and the percentage of period-over-period change:
For the Years Ended
20232022
(in thousands, except percentages)Amount% of
Revenues
Amount% of
Revenues
$ Change%
Change*
Revenues$4,562 100 %$6,109 100 %$(1,547)(25)%
Cost of revenues$1,458 32 %$2,121 35 %$(663)(31)%
Gross profit$3,104 68 %$3,988 65 %$(884)(22)%
Operating expenses$30,033 658 %$23,232 380 %$6,801 29 %
Loss from operations$(26,929)(590)%$(19,244)(315)%$(7,685)(40)%
Other (expense)/income$(7,397)(162)%$(619)(10)%$(6,778)(1,095)%
Income tax (provision)/benefit$(24)(1)%$181 %$(205)(113)%
Net loss from continuing operations$(34,350)(753)%$(19,682)(322)%$(14,668)(75)%
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax$(12,750)(279)%$(46,622)(763)%$33,872 73 %
Net loss attributable to stockholders of XTI Aerospace, Inc.$(45,947)(1,007)%$(63,394)(1,038)%$17,447 28 %
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*    Amounts used to calculate dollar and percentage changes are based on numbers in the thousands. Accordingly, calculations in this item, which may be rounded to the nearest hundred thousand, may not produce the same results.
Revenues
Revenues for the year ended December 31, 2023 were $4.6 million compared to $6.1 million for the comparable period in the prior year for an decrease of approximately $1.5 million, or approximately 25%. This decrease is primarily due to longer sales cycles of the IIOT business and the transition to recurring revenue streams.
Gross Margin
Cost of revenues for the year ended December 31, 2023 were $1.46 million compared to $2.12 million for the comparable period in the prior year. This decrease in cost of revenues of approximately $0.7 million, or approximately 31%, was primarily attributable to the decreased sales during the year.
The gross profit margin for the year ended December 31, 2023 was 68% compared to 65% for the year ended December 31, 2022. This higher margin is primarily due to a large higher than average margin Aware product sale in the year ended December 31, 2023.
Operating Expenses
Operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2023 were $30.0 million and $23.2 million for the comparable period ended December 31, 2022. This increase of $6.8 million is primarily attributable to the acquisition costs of the XTI and Damon transactions of approximately $4.2 million and the transaction costs of the CXApp transaction of $3.1 million in the year ended December 31, 2023 offset by the $1.2 million impairment of goodwill in the year ended December 31, 2022.
Loss From Operations
Loss from operations for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $26.9 million as compared to $19.2 million for the comparable period in the prior year. This increase in loss of $7.7 million is primarily attributable to increased operating expenses of $6.8 million as detailed above and the decreased gross profit of approximately $0.9 million.
Other Income/(Expense)
Other income/expense for the year ended December 31, 2023 was an expense of $7.4 million compared to expense of $0.6 million for the comparable period in the prior year. This increase in other expense of approximately $6.8 million is primarily attributable to higher interest expense of approximately $4.1 million, a warrant inducement expense of $3.4 million offset by a benefit from the change in fair value of warrants of approximately$0.8 million .
Provision for Income Taxes
There was an income tax provision of approximately $0.02 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to an income tax benefit of $0.2 million for the comparable period in the prior year. The income tax provision for the year ended December 31, 2023 is attributable to minimum state income taxes. Whereas, the income tax benefit for the year ended December 31, 2022 was attributable to favorable adjustments from the year ended December 31, 2021 when the Company reported taxable income.
Loss from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $12.75 million compared to a loss of $46.62 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. This decrease in loss of $33.9 million was primarily due to the enterprise apps spin off which occured in March 2023, therefore there are only 3 months of discontinued operations in the year ended December 31, 2023 and 12 months of discontinued operations in the year ended December 31, 2022. Additionally, the year ended December 31, 2022 includes $11.0 million of impairment of goodwill and intangibles, a $7.9 million unrealized loss on equity securities and a $1.8 million unrealized loss on equity method investment.
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Net Loss Attributable To Stockholders of XTI Aerospace, Inc.
Net loss attributable to stockholders for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $45.95 million compared to $63.39 million for the comparable period in the prior year. This decrease in loss of approximately $17.4 million was primarily attributable to the lower loss from discontinued operations of $33.9 million, offset by higher operating expenses of $6.8 million , higher other expense of $6.8 million and higher tax provision of $0.2 million.
Non-GAAP Financial information
EBITDA
EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) before interest, provision for (benefit from) income taxes, and depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is used by our management as the matrix in which it manages the business. It is defined as EBITDA plus adjustments for other income or expense items, non-recurring items and non-cash stock-based compensation.
Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2023 was a loss of $15.9 million compared to a loss of $11.3 million for the prior year period.

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The following table presents a reconciliation of net income/loss attributable to stockholders of XTI Aerospace, Inc., which is our GAAP operating performance measure, to Adjusted EBITDA for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 (in thousands):
For the Years Ended December 31,
20232022
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(45,947)$(79,570)
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax12,750 46,622 
Interest expense/(income), net4,730 600 
Income tax provision/(benefit)24 (181)
Depreciation and amortization1,366 1,296 
EBITDA(27,077)(31,233)
Adjusted for:
Non-recurring one-time charges:
Unrealized loss on note— 159 
Acquisition transaction/financing costs4,170 410 
Professional service fees— 
Impairment of goodwill— 1,183 
Transaction costs3,059 — 
 Change in fair value of warrants and derivatives(792)— 
Warrant inducement expense3,361 — 
Accretion of series 7 preferred stock— 4,555 
Accretion of series 8 preferred stock— 13,090 
Deemed dividend modification Series 8 Preferred Stock— 2,627 
Deemed Contribution modification of warrants— (1,469)
Amortization premium modification of Series 8 Preferred Stock— (2,627)
Distribution of equity method investment shares to employees for compensation666 — 
Loss on exchange of debt for equity124 — 
Unrealized foreign exchange (gains)/losses(293)74 
Bad debts expense/provision(196)(37)
Reserve for inventory obsolescense85 — 
Stock-based compensation - compensation and related be