10-K 1 amcx-123118x10k.htm 10-K Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM 10-K
 
þ
Annual report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018
or
¨
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from         to             
Commission File Number: 1-35106
 
AMC Networks Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
27-5403694
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
11 Penn Plaza, New York, NY
 
10001
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(212) 324-8500
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.   
Yes  þ No  ¨ 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  þ



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).
Large accelerated filer
þ
Accelerated filer
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ
The aggregate market value of the registrant's common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, computed by reference to the closing price of a share of common stock on June 30, 2018 (the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was approximately $2.7 billion.
The number of shares of common stock outstanding as of February 15, 2019:
Class A Common Stock par value $0.01 per share
44,730,194

Class B Common Stock par value $0.01 per share
11,484,408

 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:
Certain information required in Item 10 through Item 14 of Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K is incorporated herein by reference to the Registrant's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which shall be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, within 120 days of the Registrant's fiscal year end.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
Part I
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Part II
 
 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Part III
 
 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
Part IV
 
 
Item 15.
Item 16.


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Forward-Looking Statements
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains statements that constitute forward-looking information within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In this Annual Report on Form 10-K there are statements concerning our future operating results and future financial performance. Words such as "expects," "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "may," "will," "should," "could," "potential," "continue," "intends," "plans" and similar words and terms used in the discussion of future operating results and future financial performance identify forward-looking statements. You are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or results and involve risks and uncertainties and that actual results or developments may differ materially from the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. Factors that may cause such differences to occur include, but are not limited to:
•    the level of our revenues;
market demand, including changes in viewer consumption patterns, for our programming networks, our subscription streaming services, our programming, and our production services;
•    demand for advertising inventory and our ability to deliver guaranteed viewer ratings;
•    the highly competitive nature of the cable, telecommunications and programming industries;
our ability to maintain and renew distribution or affiliation agreements with distributors;
the cost of, and our ability to obtain or produce, desirable programming content for our networks, other forms of distribution, including digital and licensing in international markets, as well as our independent film distribution businesses;
market demand for our owned original programming and our independent film content;
changes in consumer demand for our comedy venues;
•    the security of our program rights and other electronic data;
•    the loss of any of our key personnel and artistic talent;
•    changes in domestic and foreign laws or regulations under which we operate;
•    economic and business conditions and industry trends in the countries in which we operate;
fluctuations in currency exchange rates and interest rates;
changes in laws or treaties relating to taxation, or the interpretation thereof, in the U.S. or in the countries in which we operate, including the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018;
the impact of new and proposed federal, state and international laws and regulations relating to data protection, privacy and security, including the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR");
the impact of Brexit, particularly in the event of the U.K.’s departure from the E.U. without an agreement on terms;
our substantial debt and high leverage;
•    reduced access to capital markets or significant increases in costs to borrow;
•    the level of our expenses;
•    the level of our capital expenditures;
•    future acquisitions and dispositions of assets;
our ability to successfully acquire new businesses and, if acquired, to integrate, and implement our plan with respect to businesses we acquire;
problems we may discover post-closing with the operations, including the internal controls and financial reporting process, of businesses we acquire;
uncertainties regarding the financial results of equity method investees, issuers of our investments in marketable equity securities and non-marketable equity securities and changes in the nature of key strategic relationships with partners and joint ventures;
•    the outcome of litigation and other proceedings;
whether pending uncompleted transactions, if any, are completed on the terms and at the times set forth (if at all);
•    other risks and uncertainties inherent in our programming businesses;
financial community and rating agency perceptions of our business, operations, financial condition and the industry in which we operate;
events that are outside our control, such as political unrest in international markets, terrorist attacks, natural disasters and other similar events; and
the factors described under Item 1A, "Risk Factors" in this Annual Report.

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We disclaim any obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements contained herein, except as otherwise required by applicable federal securities laws.
Part I
Item 1. Business.
General
AMC Networks Inc. is a Delaware corporation with its principal executive offices located at 11 Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10001. AMC Networks Inc. is a holding company and conducts substantially all of its operations through its majority owned or controlled subsidiaries. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references to "we," "our," "us," "AMC Networks" or the "Company" refer to AMC Networks Inc., together with its subsidiaries. "AMC Networks Inc." refers to AMC Networks Inc. individually as a separate entity. Our telephone number is (212) 324-8500. Our corporate website is http://www.amcnetworks.com and the investor relations section of our website is located at http://investor.amcnetworks.com. We make available, free of charge through the investor relations section of our website, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as well as our proxy statements, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). References to our website in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Annual Report") are provided as a convenience and the information contained on, or available through, the website is not part of this or any other report we file with or furnish to the SEC.
AMC Networks Inc. was incorporated on March 9, 2011 as an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of Cablevision Systems Corporation (Cablevision Systems Corporation and its subsidiaries are referred to as "Cablevision"). On June 30, 2011, Cablevision spun off the Company (the "Distribution"), and AMC Networks Inc. became an independent public company.
Our Company
AMC Networks is a global entertainment company that operates several of the most recognized brands in television, creating and presenting high quality content and compelling stories to audiences, and a valuable platform for distributors and advertisers. We have operated in the cable programming industry for more than 30 years, and, over this time, we have continually enhanced the value of our network portfolio. Our content spans multiple genres, including drama, comedy, documentary, reality, anthology, feature film and short form. Our programming networks are well known and well regarded by our key constituents — our viewers, distributors and advertisers — and have developed strong followings within their respective targeted demographics, increasing their value to distributors and advertisers.
In the United States ("U.S."), our programming networks are AMC, WE tv, BBC AMERICA (operated through a joint venture with the commercial arm of the BBC, IFC and SundanceTV. Each of our programming networks has established itself within its respective markets. Our deep and established presence in the industry and the recognition we have received for our brands through industry awards and other honors lend us a high degree of credibility with distributors and content producers, and help provide us with stable affiliate and studio relationships, advantageous channel placements, heightened viewer engagement and demand for our owned programming for distribution on platforms other than our own. Our networks are also distributed through virtual multi-channel video programming distributors. We either own or license the content we distribute. Through our AMC Studios operation, we are increasing the amount of our owned original programming. Our ability to produce owned high quality content has provided us with the opportunity to distribute such content on platforms other than our domestic networks. Our owned and licensed content is distributed domestically and internationally and on multiple platforms, including linear television, digital services, home video and syndication.
AMC Networks also operates IFC Films, a film distribution business that distributes independent narrative and documentary films under the IFC Films label as well as the Sundance Selects and IFC Midnight distribution labels. IFC Films is known for attracting high-profile talent and distributing films that regularly garner critical acclaim and industry honors, including numerous Oscar- Golden Globe-, and Cannes Film Festival-award winning titles.
Internationally, we deliver programming that reaches subscribers in more than 130 countries and territories around the world. The international division of the Company, AMC Networks International ("AMCNI"), consists of global brands, including AMC and SundanceTV, in the movie and entertainment programming genres, as well as popular, locally recognized channels in several other programming genres.
We also operate and own two subscription streaming services, Sundance Now, launched in 2014, and Shudder, launched in 2015. These services are available in the United States, Canada and parts of Europe. Sundance Now features independent film, TV shows, documentaries, and original series. Shudder is dedicated to films in the horror, suspense and thriller genres. We primarily license content for these services.

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During 2018, we acquired controlling interests in RLJ Entertainment, Inc. ("RLJE"), a content distribution company that also includes the subscription streaming services Acorn TV and Urban Movie Channel ("UMC"); and Levity Entertainment Group LLC ("Levity"), a production services and comedy venues company.
Our Strategy
Our strategy is to maintain and improve our position as a leading entertainment company by creating and presenting content that is high-quality, brand defining and compelling to watch, and by owning and operating some of the most popular and award-winning brands in television that create engagement with audiences globally across multiple distribution platforms. The key focuses of our strategy are:
Continued Development of High-Quality Original Programming. We intend to continue developing strong original programming across all of our programming networks to further enhance our brands, strengthen our relationships with our viewers, distributors and advertisers, and increase distribution and audience ratings. We intend to continue to seek increased distribution of our national networks to grow distribution and advertising revenues. We believe that our continued investment in original programming supports future growth in distribution and advertising revenue. We also intend to continue to expand the exploitation of our original programming across multiple distribution platforms.
Increased Control of Content. We believe that control (including long-term contractual arrangements) and ownership of content is important. Through our AMC Studios operation, we intend to increase our control position over our programming content. We currently control, own or have long-term license agreements covering significant portions of our content across our programming networks, RLJE and our independent film distribution business operated by IFC Films. We intend to continue to focus on obtaining the broadest possible control rights (both as to territory and platforms) for our content.
Exploitation of Other Media Platforms. The technological landscape of the distribution of entertainment content has expanded to include other media platforms. We distribute our content across many of these platforms, when it makes business sense to do so, so that our viewers can access our content where, when and how they want it. To that end, our programming networks are allowing many of our distributors to offer our content to subscribers on computers and other digital devices, and on video on demand platforms, all of which permit subscribers to access programs at their convenience. We also make certain of our content available on subscription video on demand (SVOD) services or digital platform providers, such as Netflix, Hulu, and Amazon Prime, electronic-sell-through (EST) and physical (DVD and Blu-ray) formats, as well as our subscription streaming services, Sundance Now, Shudder, Acorn TV and UMC.
Growth of Advertising Revenue. We continue to evolve the programming on each of our networks to achieve even stronger viewer engagement within their respective core targeted demographics, thereby increasing the value of our programming to advertisers and allowing us to obtain higher advertising rates. We are continuing to seek additional advertising revenue through higher Nielsen ratings in desirable demographics.
Increased Global Distribution. We distribute our programming networks around the globe. We first expanded beyond the U.S. market with the launch in Canada of IFC (in 2001) and AMC (in 2006), and SundanceTV in Europe (in 2010). In 2014, AMC was launched internationally and is now available in more than 110 countries. Additionally, SundanceTV has expanded its distribution to over 70 countries. One or more of AMC Networks International's channels are available in more than 130 countries and territories worldwide.
Revenue
We earn revenue principally from the distribution of our programming and the sale of advertising. Distribution revenues primarily include fees paid by distributors to carry our programming networks as well as revenue earned from the licensing of original programming for digital, international and home video distribution. In 2018, distribution revenues and advertising sales accounted for 65% and 35% of our consolidated revenues, net, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2018, one customer in our National Networks segment, AT&T Inc., accounted for greater than 10% of our consolidated revenues, net.
Distribution Revenue
Subscription revenue: Our programming networks are distributed to our viewing audience throughout the U.S. and around the world via cable and other multichannel video programming distribution platforms, including direct broadcast satellite ("DBS"), platforms operated by telecommunications providers and virtual multichannel video programming distributors (collectively "distributors") pursuant to agreements with the distributors. Our subscription fee revenues are based on a per subscriber fee, and, to a lesser extent, fixed fees under multi-year contracts, commonly referred to as "affiliation agreements," which generally provide for annual rate increases. The specific subscription fee revenues we earn vary from period to period, distributor to distributor and also vary among our networks, but are generally based upon the number of each distributor's subscribers who receive our programming, referred to as viewing subscribers. These agreements also give us the right to sell a specific amount of advertising time on our programming networks. Our programming networks' existing distribution agreements expire at various dates through 2026.

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We frequently negotiate with distributors in an effort to increase the subscriber base for our networks. We have in some instances made upfront payments to distributors in exchange for these additional subscribers. We also may help fund the distributors' efforts to market our programming networks or we may permit distributors to offer limited promotional periods without payment of subscriber fees. As we continue our efforts to add subscribers, our subscriber revenue may be negatively affected by such deferred carriage fee arrangements, discounted subscriber fees and other payments, however, we believe that these transactions generate a positive return on investment over the contract period.
Content licensing revenue: We sell rights to our owned original programming and content acquired under long-term distribution arrangements for distribution in a variety of forms including television markets worldwide, SVOD services or digital platform providers, such as Netflix, Hulu, and Amazon Prime, electronic-sell-through (EST) and physical (DVD and Blu-ray) formats.
Advertising Revenue
We earn advertising revenue by selling advertising time on our programming networks. In the U.S., we sell advertising time in both the upfront and scatter markets. In the upfront market, advertisers buy advertising time for the upcoming season, and by purchasing in advance, often receive discounted rates. In the scatter market, advertisers buy advertising time close to the time when the commercials will be run, and often pay a premium. The mix between the upfront and scatter markets is based upon a number of factors, such as pricing, demand for advertising time and economic conditions. Internationally, advertising markets vary by jurisdiction. The majority of international advertising is sold close to the time when the commercials will be run (similar to the U.S. scatter market) and are generally represented by third-party sales agents.
Our arrangements with advertisers provide for a set number of advertising units to air over a specific period of time at a negotiated price per unit. In most domestic advertising sales arrangements, our programming networks guarantee specified viewer ratings for their programming. If these guaranteed viewer ratings are not met, we are generally required to provide additional advertising units to the advertiser at no charge. For these types of arrangements, a portion of the related revenue is deferred if the guaranteed viewer ratings are not met and is subsequently recognized either when we provide the required additional advertising unit or the guarantee obligation contractually expires. In the U.S., most of our advertising revenues vary based upon the popularity of our programming as measured by Nielsen. In addition to the Nielsen rating, our advertising rates are also influenced by the demographic mix of our viewing audiences, since advertisers tend to pay premium rates for more desirable demographic groups of viewers.
Our programming networks have advertisers representing companies in a broad range of sectors, including automotive, restaurants/food, health, and telecommunications industries.
Programming
We obtain programming through a combination of development, production and licensing; and we distribute programming directly to consumers in the U.S. and throughout the world through our programming networks, digital and other forms of distribution and theatrical release of our IFC Films acquired content. Our programming includes original programming that we control, either through outright ownership or through long-term licensing arrangements, as well as acquired programming that we license from studios and other rights holders. Since our founding in 1980, we have been a pioneer in the cable television programming industry, having created or developed some of the industry's leading programming networks, with a focus on programming of film and original productions. Certain of our programming networks feature original programming that includes critically-acclaimed original scripted dramatic series.
Original Programming
We contract with some of the industry's leading production companies to produce most of the original programming that appears on our programming networks. These contractual arrangements either provide us with outright ownership of the programming, in which case we hold all programming and other rights to the content, or they consist of long-term licensing arrangements, which provide us with exclusive rights to exhibit the content on our programming networks, but may be limited in terms of specific geographic markets or distribution platforms. The license agreements are typically of multi-season duration and provide us with a right of first negotiation or a right of first refusal on the renewal of the license for additional programming seasons.
We also increasingly produce original programming through our AMC Studios operation, primarily for our programming networks and also for license to third-parties worldwide. Decisions as to how to distribute programming are made on the basis of a variety of factors including the relative value of any particular alternative.
Acquired Programming
The majority of the content on our programming networks consists of films, episodic series and specials that we acquire pursuant to rights agreements with film studios, production companies or other rights holders. This acquired programming includes episodic series such as Law and Order, The X-Files, Criminal Minds, CSI: Miami, Two and a Half Men and Batman, as well as

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an extensive film library. The rights agreements for this content are of varying duration and generally permit our programming networks to carry these series, films and other programming during certain window periods.
Segments
We manage our business through the following two operating segments:
National Networks: Includes activities of our five national programming networks, AMC Studios operations and AMC Broadcasting & Technology. Our national programming networks are AMC, WE tv, BBC AMERICA, IFC, and SundanceTV in the U.S.; and AMC and IFC in Canada. Our AMC Studios operations produce original programming for our programming networks and also license such program rights worldwide. AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology is our technical services business, which primarily services most of the national programming networks.
International and Other: Principally includes AMCNI, the Company's international programming businesses consisting of a portfolio of channels in over 130 countries and territories around the world; IFC Films, the Company's independent film distribution business; Levity, acquired April 20, 2018, our production services and comedy venues company; RLJE, acquired October 1, 2018, a content distribution company that also includes the subscription streaming services Acorn TV and UMC, and our wholly-owned subscription streaming services, Shudder and Sundance Now.
For financial information of the Company by operating segment, see Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Consolidated Results of Operations" and Note 24 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
National Networks
AMC
AMC is home to some of the most popular and acclaimed programs on television. The network's series The Walking Dead is the highest-rated series in cable television history. Launched in 1984, AMC helped usher in what is commonly referred to as the current "golden age of television," with its debut of Mad Men in 2007 and Breaking Bad in 2008. Both series are among the most critically acclaimed and awarded series in the history of television. AMC became the first basic cable network to win the Emmy® Award for Outstanding Drama Series with Mad Men in 2008, which then went on to win four years in a row before Breaking Bad followed shortly thereafter by winning in 2013 and 2014.
AMC's current slate has a range of popular and critically-lauded series including The Walking Dead, Better Call Saul, Fear the Walking Dead, The Terror, Into the Badlands, Preacher, The Son, McMafia, Lodge 49, as well as the forthcoming NOS4A2. AMC is also home to original unscripted shows including Talking Dead and Ride with Norman Reedus. AMC has also launched a year-round documentary series "AMC Visionaries," partnering with prolific artists to unveil the untold stories and fascinating histories of pop culture genres from the masters themselves. The first three installments include Robert Kirkman's Secret History of Comics, James Cameron's Story Of Science Fiction and Eli Roth’s History of Horror.
AMC is currently in production on the second season of the critically-acclaimed, Ridley Scott-produced anthology series, The Terror, and has also greenlit a new series, Dispatches From Elsewhere, created by and starring Jason Segel, who will executive produce with Scott Rudin, Eli Bush and Garrett Basch.
AMC recently announced the first projects in development for The Walking Dead Universe. A series of AMC Studios Original Films, starring Andrew Lincoln and written by The Walking Dead Chief Content Officer Scott Gimple, are planned to continue the story of Rick Grimes. As part of Gimple’s multi-year plan for The Walking Dead Universe, there are other projects currently in development, including additional films, specials, series, digital content and more. 
In addition, the network has created AMC Premiere, an upgrade for viewers who want a premium AMC experience. A first-of-its-kind offering for viewers who receive AMC as part of their television service, AMC Premiere provides commercial-free viewing of in-season original AMC series, such as The Walking Dead and Preacher, as well as exclusive and first-look content, extended episodes, curated movies, the ability to binge certain shows ahead of linear viewers, and other benefits. AMC Premiere launched to Comcast's Xfinity TV customers in 2017 and has since expanded availability to YouTube TV and fuboTV subscribers.
AMC's film library consists of films that are licensed under long-term contracts with major studios such as Twentieth Century Fox, Warner Bros., Sony, MGM, NBC Universal, Paramount and Buena Vista. AMC generally structures its contracts for the exclusive cable television rights to air the films during identified window periods.
AMC Subscribers and Distribution Agreements. As of December 31, 2018, AMC had distribution agreements with all major U.S. distributors and reached approximately 89 million Nielsen subscribers. AMC is also distributed in Canada through arrangements with all major Canadian multichannel video programming distributors.

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WE tv
With compelling unscripted shows, WE tv connects audiences with reality content that is authentic and relatable. WE tv is available across all platforms: on TV, online, on demand, and social media, embracing how today's digitally-savvy, socially-engaged audiences connect through content, using it as a catalyst to drive conversation and build community. Driven by unscripted originals, WE tv continues to grow its target audience, fueled by its popular slate of fresh and modern original series like Mama June: From Not to Hot, Braxton Family Values, Bridezillas and its popular Growing Up Hip Hop and Marriage Boot Camp: Reality Stars franchises, which has helped to cement the network's position as the #1 U.S. cable network for African-American women on Thursday nights. Its latest hit series, Love After Lockup, was the fastest-growing new cable reality series for 2018 and continues to build audience share in its second season.
Additionally, WE tv's programming includes series such as CSI: Miami and Law & Order as well as feature films, with certain exclusive license rights from studios such as Paramount, MGM, Disney and Warner Bros.
WE tv Subscribers and Distribution Agreements. As of December 31, 2018, WE tv had distribution agreements with all major U.S. distributors and reached approximately 85 million Nielsen subscribers.
BBC AMERICA
BBC AMERICA's dynamic programming has garnered one of television's most curious, educated and affluent audiences, with many programs boasting some of the highest levels of fan engagement found on cable television in addition to broad critical acclaim. The network is a joint venture between AMC Networks and the commercial arm of the BBC.
BBC AMERICA has attracted wide critical acclaim for its influential series, including its most recent breakout original series Killing Eve, which finished out 2018 as the top drama on Metacritic’s “TV Shows Mentioned On Most Critic Top 10 Lists - 2018.” One of the year’s most talked-about and celebrated new scripted series, Killing Eve, was created by Phoebe Waller-Bridge, who was nominated for an Emmy® for Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series, and stars Golden Globe- and Critics Choice Award-winner Sandra Oh (the first woman of Asian descent to win multiple Golden Globes in her career, winning for Best Actress in a Drama Series for Killing Eve, and having won previously for Grey’s Anatomy). Oh’s co-star, Jodie Comer, was also nominated for a Critic’s Choice Award. Killing Eve finished its first season with an unbroken record of weekly ratings growth in the key adults 25-54 and 18-49 demos. The series is currently in production, with season two slated to return to BBC AMERICA in April 2019.
BBC AMERICA is also home to the landmark natural history programming from BBC Studios, including the Emmy®-winning Blue Planet II; the Emmy®-winning Planet Earth II; and the Planet Earth producers’ newest epic story of our planet called Dynasties.
In addition, the network’s other influential series include the top-rated and long-running franchise Doctor Who, starring Jodie Whittaker; acclaimed drama Luther, starring Golden Globe®-winner Idris Elba; ground-breaking unscripted series Top Gear; buzzy and hilarious The Graham Norton Show. 
The network recently greenlit the new original scripted series, The Watch, based on Sir Terry Pratchett’s wildly popular “Discworld” novels, which have sold more than 90 million books worldwide.
BBC AMERICA Subscribers and Distribution Agreements. As of December 31, 2018, BBC AMERICA had distribution agreements with all major U.S. distributors and reached approximately 81 million Nielsen subscribers.
IFC
IFC is the home of offbeat, unexpected comedies that are in keeping with the network's "Always On Slightly Off" brand, which air alongside fan-favorite movies and comedic cult TV shows.
The network's current programming slate includes Emmy-nominated series Documentary Now!, created by Seth Meyers, Bill Hader and Fred Armisen and executive produced by Lorne Michaels; Brockmire, starring Hank Azaria, which originated as a Funny or Die short and concluded its first season as the highest-rated new series in IFC history; and the critically-acclaimed and award-winning all-female sketch comedy series, Baroness von Sketch Show. IFC is also the broadcast home for the Film Independent Spirit Awards, which will be hosted this year by comedian Aubrey Plaza. Upcoming series for IFC include a musical variety sketch series, Sherman’s Showcase and an international co-production Year Of The Rabbit.
Additionally, we have a minority ownership stake in Funny or Die, and, together with IFC, the two comedy brands created a night of short-form original comedy from a host of up-and-coming Funny or Die talent called FODTV that currently airs Saturday nights on IFC.
IFC's programming also includes films from various film distributors, including Fox, Miramax, Sony, Lionsgate, Universal, Paramount and Warner Bros.

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IFC Subscribers and Distribution Agreements. As of December 31, 2018, IFC had distribution agreements with all major U.S. distributors and reached approximately 75 million Nielsen subscribers.
SundanceTV
From delivering critically acclaimed Emmy®, Golden Globe® and Peabody Award-winning television featuring some of the world's most talented creators and performers, to showcasing some of the most compelling and iconic films across genres and generations, SundanceTV is a smart and thought-provoking entertainment destination. SundanceTV has remained true to founder Robert Redford's mission to celebrate creativity and distinctive storytelling through unique voices and narratives found in the best independent films.
Working with today's most innovative talent, SundanceTV attracts viewer and critical acclaim for its original scripted programming and true-crime documentaries, including the Peabody-award winning Rectify, Top of the Lake and second installment, Top of the Lake: China Girl, directed by Oscar-winning Jane Campion and starring Elisabeth Moss and Nicole Kidman; fan favorite Hap and Leonard; Liar, starring Golden Globe-winner and Emmy-nominated actress Joanne Froggatt (Downton Abbey); the Peabody and International Emmy-Award winning series Deutschland 83; original drama The Split with a female-led cast and crew from BAFTA and Primetime Emmy Award®-winning writer Abi Morgan and BAFTA-winning Executive Producer Jane Featherstone; and true-crime series, including Cold Blooded: The Clutter Family Murders from Academy Award® winning documentarian Joe Berlinger, and Jonestown: Terror in the Jungle from Executive Producers Leonardo DiCaprio and Jennifer Davisson and Stephen David; as well as the forthcoming series Ministry of Evil: The Twisted Cult of Tony Alamo from Emmy Award®-winners Fenton Bailey, Randy Barbato, and Peacock Productions; and The Preppie Murder with Emmy® Award- winner Robert Friedman's Bungalow Media + Entertainment and the original prosecutor in the case, Linda Fairstein.
SundanceTV Subscribers and Distribution Agreements. As of December 31, 2018, SundanceTV had distribution agreements with all major U.S. distributors and reached approximately 70 million Nielsen subscribers.
AMC Studios
AMC Studios is the Company’s in-house studio production operation. AMC Studios launched in 2010 with its first series, The Walking Dead. Since then, AMC Studios has ramped up its production of original series for AMC and sister networks and has produced several critically acclaimed, award-winning and culturally distinctive originals including scripted series: Fear the Walking Dead; The Terror, Lodge 49, TURN: Washington's Spies; Halt and Catch Fire; Into the Badlands; and The Son as well as unscripted series: Ride with Norman Reedus, Robert Kirkman's Secret History of Comics, James Cameron's Story Of Science Fiction, and Eli Roth’s History of Horror. The Studio also produced BBC AMERICA’s Dirk Gently and SundanceTV’s Peabody Award-winning Rectify, original series Hap and Leonard, and unscripted series Cold Blooded: The Clutter Family Murders.
AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology
AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology is a full-service network programming feed origination and distribution company, which primarily services most of the national programming networks of the Company. AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology's operations are located in Bethpage, New York, where AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology consolidates origination and satellite communications functions in a 67,000 square-foot facility designed to keep AMC Networks at the forefront of network origination and distribution technology. AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology has 30 plus years of experience across its network services groups, including network origination, affiliate engineering, network transmission, traffic and scheduling that provide day-to-day delivery of any programming network, in high definition or standard definition.
Currently, AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology is responsible for the origination and transmission of multiple highly acclaimed network programming feeds for both national and international distribution. In addition to serving most of the programming networks of the Company, AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology's affiliated and third-party clients include MSG Network, MSG+ and Mid Atlantic Sports Network.
International and Other
Our International and Other segment includes the operations of AMCNI, IFC Films, Levity and RLJE (both acquired in 2018) and our wholly-owned subscription streaming services.
AMC Networks International
AMCNI, the international division of the Company, delivers entertaining and acclaimed programming that reaches subscribers in more than 130 countries and territories around the world. AMCNI consists of global brands, AMC and SundanceTV, as well as popular, locally recognized channels in various programming genres.
AMCNI - UK
AMCNI - UK distributes television programming throughout the United Kingdom and other countries in Europe, the Middle East and Africa ("EMEA") and manages a portfolio of channel brands, including AMC, SundanceTV and Eva. AMCNI - UK also

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operates a number of joint venture, partnership and managed channel services in the EMEA region, including Outdoor Channel, as well as a portfolio of entertainment channels with CBS Studios, including CBS Drama, CBS Action, CBS Reality, CBS Europa and Horror Channel.
AMCNI - Southern Europe
AMCNI - Southern Europe is the largest distributor of thematic television channels in Spain and Portugal and recently expanded to include France and Italy. The current portfolio consists of channel brands including AMC, SundanceTV, Canal Hollywood, Odisea, Sol Musica, Canal Cocina and Decasa, and a number of channels owned through joint ventures. The channels are programmed for local audiences, languages and markets.
AMCNI - Central and Northern Europe
AMCNI - Central and Northern Europe operates a portfolio of thematic television channels with a focus on the Central, Northern and Eastern European markets, including television brands in five genres: sport: Sport1, Sport2, SportM, kids: Minimax, Megamax, JimJam, infotainment: Spektrum, TVPaprika, Spektrum Home, film: AMC, Film Mánia, Film Café, Film+ and Kinowelt, MGM and Sundance and general entertainment: OBN. The channels are programmed for local audiences, languages and markets.
AMCNI - Latin America
AMCNI - Latin America produces and distributes high quality television programming throughout Spanish and Portuguese speaking Latin America, the Caribbean and other territories. The portfolio consists of six channels including AMC, Sundance, Film&Arts, Europa Europa, Mas Chic and El Gourmet.
AMCNI - Other
AMCNI also distributes television programming in the Middle East focusing on the international versions of SundanceTV. An internationally recognized brand, SundanceTV's global services provide not only the best of the independent film world but also features certain content from AMC, IFC, SundanceTV and IFC Films, as well as a unique pipeline of international content, in an effort to provide distinctive programming to an upscale audience.
IFC Films
IFC Films, our independent film distribution business, is a leading distributor of high-quality, talent-driven independent films and operates three distribution labels: IFC Films, Sundance Selects, and IFC Midnight, all of which distribute independent films across virtually all available media platforms, including in theaters, on cable/satellite video on demand, cable network television, streaming/downloading to internet-connected screens and DVDs. IFC Films has a film library consisting of more than 800 titles.
Notable recent releases include the acclaimed The Death of Stalin, with Steve Buscemi, which was awarded Best Screenplay by the prestigious National Society of Film Critics. The film was also widely recognized in critics’ annual End-of-Year “Best of” lists, including The New York Times, Indiewire, Vulture, The Washington Post and Buzzfeed.
The Paul Dano-directed Wildlife, starring Carey Mulligan and Jake Gyllenhaal, debuted in early 2018 at the Sundance Film Festival and went on to open the prestigious Critics’ Week at the Cannes Film Festival in May, one of only 11 films to screen and the only American film featured. The film also screened at top festivals throughout the year, including the Toronto International Film Festival and the New York Film Festival, and opened with overwhelmingly positive reviews (the film has a 94% rating on Rotten Tomatoes).
Other notable releases include The Clovehitch Killer (distributed under the IFC Midnight label), critical darling Ghost Stories, and Lars von Trier’s The House That Jack Built.
As part of its strategy to grow the marketplace for independent films, IFC Films also operates the IFC Center as well as several film festivals. IFC Center is an independent movie theater located in the heart of New York City's Greenwich Village. DOC NYC, which is the largest non-fiction film festival in the U.S., is an annual festival celebrating documentary storytelling in film, photography, prose and other media. Split Screens festival is an annual event celebrating the art and cultural impact of television, that takes place at the IFC Center.
Subscription Streaming Services
We also operate our wholly-owned subscription streaming services, Sundance Now, launched in 2014, and Shudder, launched in 2015. These services are available in the United States, Canada and parts of Europe. Sundance Now features independent film, TV shows, documentaries, and original series. Shudder is dedicated to films in the horror, suspense and thriller genres. We primarily license content for these services.


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Levity Entertainment Group
In April 2018, we acquired a controlling interest in Levity, a media company that owns and operates comedy venues and produces original content for distribution on multiple platforms, including live, digital and linear television. Levity is a leading player in live comedy with premium comedy venues in the U.S., including the legendary comedy brand, The Improv. The company also operates a talent management business and produces television content, including prime time specials with some of the biggest names in comedy, including Trevor Noah, Tracy Morgan, Margaret Cho, Sebastian Maniscalco and Gad Elmaleh.
RLJ Entertainment
In October 2018, we acquired a controlling interest in RLJE, a premium subscription streaming services company that operates Acorn TV and UMC. Acorn TV features high-quality British and International mysteries and dramas. UMC showcases quality urban programming including feature films, documentaries, original series, stand-up comedy and other exclusive content for African-American and urban audiences. In addition, RLJE owns a majority interest in Agatha Christie Ltd., a popular world-class franchise. 
RLJE also controls, co-produces, and either owns or has long-term distribution rights to a large library of content primarily consisting of British mysteries and dramas, independent feature films and urban content. In addition to supporting its streaming services, the company monetizes its library through distribution operations across virtually all available media platforms and is distributed in the United States, Canada, U.K. and Australia.
Regulation
Our businesses are subject to and affected by regulations of U.S. federal, state and local government authorities, and our international operations are subject to laws and regulations of the countries in which they operate, as well as international bodies, such as the European Union. The Federal Communications Commission (the "FCC") regulates U.S. programming networks directly in some respects; other FCC regulations, although imposed on cable television operators and satellite operators, affect programming networks indirectly. The rules, regulations, policies and procedures affecting our businesses are constantly subject to change. The descriptions below are summary in nature and do not purport to describe all present and proposed laws and regulations affecting our businesses.
Closed Captioning
Certain of our networks must provide closed-captioning of programming for the hearing impaired, and we must provide closed captioning on certain video content that we offer on the Internet or through other Internet Protocol distribution methods.
CALM Act
FCC rules require multichannel video programming distributors to ensure that all commercials comply with specified volume standards, and our distribution agreements generally require us to certify compliance with such standards.
Obscenity Restrictions
Cable operators and other multichannel video programming distributors are prohibited from transmitting obscene programming, and our distribution agreements generally require us to refrain from including such programming on our networks.
Packaging Programming and Volume Discounts
The FCC from time to time examines whether to adopt rules restricting how programmers package and price their networks, or whether to impose other restrictions on carriage agreements between programmers and multichannel video programming distributors. We do not currently require distributors to carry more than one of our national programming networks in order to obtain the right to carry a particular national programming network. However, we generally negotiate with a distributor for the carriage of all of our national networks concurrently, and we offer volume discounts to distributors who make our programming available to larger numbers of subscribers or who carry more of our programming networks.
Effect of "Must-Carry" and "Retransmission Consent" Requirements
The FCC's implementation of the statutory "must-carry" obligations requires cable and DBS operators to give certain broadcasters preferential access to channel space, and FCC "retransmission consent" rules allow broadcasters to require cable and DBS operators to carry broadcast-affiliated networks as a condition of access to the local broadcast station and to charge substantial fees for both carriage of the local broadcast station and the broadcast-affiliated networks. In contrast, programming networks, such as ours, have no guaranteed right of carriage on cable television or DBS systems. These carriage laws may reduce the amount of channel space that is available for carriage of our networks by cable television systems and DBS operators, or the amount of programming funds that cable and DBS operators have available for carriage of our networks.

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Website Requirements
We maintain various websites that provide information regarding our businesses and offer content for sale. The operation of these websites may be subject to a range of federal, state and local laws such as privacy, data security, accessibility, child safety and consumer protection regulations.
Other Regulation
The FCC also imposes rules that may impact us regarding a variety of issues such as political broadcasts, sponsorship identification, advertising in children's television, and telemarketing. Programming businesses are subject to regulation by the country in which they operate, as well as international bodies, such as the European Union. These regulations may include restrictions on types of advertising that can be sold on our networks, programming content requirements, requirements to make programming available on non-discriminatory terms, and local content quotas.
Competition
Our programming networks operate in three highly competitive markets. First, our programming networks compete with other programming networks and other types of programming services to obtain distribution on cable television systems and other multichannel video programming distribution systems, and ultimately for viewing by each distributor's subscribers. Second, our programming networks compete with other programming networks and other sources of video content, to secure desired entertainment programming. Third, our programming networks compete with other sellers of advertising time and space, including other cable programming networks, radio, newspapers, outdoor media and, increasingly, internet sites. The success of our businesses depends on our ability to license and produce content for our programming networks that is adequate in quantity and quality and will generate satisfactory viewer ratings. In each of these cases, some of our competitors are large publicly held companies that have greater financial resources than we do. In addition, we compete with these entities for advertising revenue.
Distribution of Programming Networks
The business of distributing programming networks to cable television systems and other multichannel video programming distributors and licensing of original programming for distribution is highly competitive. Our programming networks face competition from other programming networks for carriage by a particular multichannel video programming distributor, and for the carriage on the service tier that will attract the most subscribers. Once our programming network is selected by a distributor for carriage, that network competes for viewers not only with the other programming networks available on the distributor's system, but also with over-the-air broadcast television, Internet-based video and other online services, mobile services, radio, print media, motion picture theaters, DVDs, and other sources of information and entertainment.
Important to our success in each area of competition we face are the prices we charge for our programming networks, the quantity, quality and variety of the programming offered on our networks, and the effectiveness of our networks' marketing efforts. The competition for viewers among advertiser supported networks is directly correlated with the competition for advertising revenues with each of our competitors.
Our ability to successfully compete with other networks may be hampered because the cable television systems or other multichannel video programming distributors through which we seek distribution may be affiliated with other programming networks. In addition, because such distributors may have a substantial number of subscribers, the ability of such programming networks to obtain distribution on the systems of affiliated distributors may lead to increased distribution and advertising revenue for such programming networks because of their increased penetration compared to our programming networks. Even if such affiliated distributors carry our programming networks, such distributors may place their affiliated programming network on a more desirable tier, thereby giving the affiliated programming network a competitive advantage over our own.
New or existing programming networks that are affiliated with broadcasting networks like ABC, CBS, Fox or NBC may also have a competitive advantage over our programming networks in obtaining distribution through the "bundling" of agreements to carry those programming networks with agreements giving the distributor the right to carry a broadcast station affiliated with the broadcasting network.
Part of our strategy involves exploiting identified segments of the cable television viewing audience that are generally well defined and limited in size. Our networks have faced and will continue to face increasing competition as other programming networks and online or other services seek to serve the same or similar niches.
We also seek to increase our content licensing revenues by expanding the opportunities for licensing our programming through other media platforms and we compete with other programming companies in this market based on the desirability of our programming.
Sources of Programming
We also compete with other programming networks and other distributors including digital distribution platforms to secure desired programming. Most of our original programming and all of our acquired programming is obtained through agreements

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with other parties that have produced or own the rights to such programming. Competition for this programming will increase as the number of programming networks and other distributors increases. Other programming networks that are affiliated with programming sources such as movie or television studios or film libraries may have a competitive advantage over us in this area.
With respect to the acquisition of entertainment programming, such as syndicated programs and movies that are not produced by or specifically for networks, our competitors include national broadcast television networks, local broadcast television stations, other cable programming networks, Internet-based video content distributors, and video-on-demand programs. Some of these competitors have exclusive contracts with motion picture studios or independent motion picture distributors or own film libraries.
Competition for Advertising Revenue
Our programming networks must compete with other sellers of advertising time and space, including other multichannel video programming distributors, radio, newspapers, outdoor media and increasing shifts in spending toward online and mobile offerings from more traditional media. We compete for advertisers on the basis of rates we charge and also on the number and demographic nature of viewers who watch our programming. Advertisers will often seek to target their advertising content to those demographic categories they consider most likely to purchase the product or service they advertise. Accordingly, the demographic make-up of our viewership can be equally or more important than the number of viewers watching our programming.
Employees
As of December 31, 2018 we had 2,234 full-time employees and 980 part-time employees. In addition, for certain of our productions, the Company, through in-house and third party production service companies, engages the services of writers, directors, actors and various crew members who are subject to certain specially negotiated collective bargaining agreements.  Since these agreements are generally entered into on a per-project basis, negotiations occur on various agreements throughout the year.  We believe that our relations with the labor unions and our employees are generally good. 
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
A wide range of risks may affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, now and in the future. We consider the risks described below to be the most significant. There may be other currently unknown or unpredictable economic, business, competitive, regulatory or other factors that could have material adverse effects on our future results.
Risks Relating to Our Business
Our business depends on the appeal of our programming to our U.S. and international viewers and our distributors, which may be unpredictable and volatile.
Our business depends, in part, upon viewer preferences and audience acceptance in the U.S. and internationally of the programming on our networks. These factors are often unpredictable and volatile, and subject to influences that are beyond our control, such as the quality and appeal of competing programming, general economic conditions and the availability of other entertainment activities. We may not be able to anticipate and react effectively to shifts in viewer preferences and/or interests in our markets. A change in viewer preferences could cause our programming to decline in popularity, which could result in a reduction of advertising revenues and jeopardize our bargaining position with distributors. In addition, certain of our competitors may have more flexible programming arrangements, as well as greater amounts of available content, distribution and capital resources, and may react more quickly than we might to shifts in tastes and interests.
To an increasing extent, the success of our business depends on original programming, and our ability to accurately predict how audiences will respond to our original programming is particularly important. Because original programming often involves a greater degree of commitment on our part, as compared to acquired programming that we license from third parties, and because our network branding strategies depend significantly on a relatively small number of original programs such as The Walking Dead, a failure to anticipate viewer preferences for such programs could be especially detrimental to our business. We periodically review the programming usefulness of our program rights based on a series of factors, including ratings, type and quality of program material, standards and practices, and fitness for exhibition. We have incurred write-offs of programming rights in the past, and may incur future programming rights write-offs if it is determined that program rights have limited, or no, future usefulness.
In addition, feature films constitute a significant portion of the programming on our AMC, IFC and SundanceTV programming networks. In general, the popularity of feature-film content on linear television is declining, due in part to the broad availability of such content through an increasing number of distribution platforms. Should the popularity of feature-film programming suffer significant further declines, we may lose viewership, which could increase our costs.
If our programming does not gain the level of audience acceptance we expect, or if we are unable to maintain the popularity of our programming, our ratings may suffer, which will negatively affect advertising revenues, and we may have a diminished bargaining position with distributors, which could reduce our distribution revenues. Ratings for The Walking Dead have declined in recent years, which has had a negative effect on our advertising revenues and our financial results. We cannot assure you that

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we will be able to maintain the success of any of our current programming, or generate sufficient demand and market acceptance for our new programming.
The failure to develop popular new programming to replace programming that is older or ending can have adverse impacts on our business and results of operations.
Changes in the operating environment of multichannel distributors, including declines in the number of subscribers, could have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.
Our business derives a substantial portion of its revenues and income from cable television providers and other multichannel video programming distributors. The U.S. television industry is continuing to evolve rapidly, with developments in technology leading to new methods for the distribution of video content and changes in when, where and how audiences consume video content. These changes pose risks to the traditional U.S. television industry, including (i) the disruption of the traditional television content distribution model by subscription streaming services and virtual multichannel video programming services, which are increasing in number and some of which have a significant and growing subscriber base, and (ii) the disruption of the advertising supported television model resulting from increased video consumption through subscription streaming services and virtual multichannel video programing services with no advertising or less advertising than on television networks, time shifted viewing of television programming and the use of DVRs to skip advertisements. In part as a result of these changes, over the past few years, the number of subscribers to traditional multichannel video programming distributors in the U.S. has declined and the U.S. television industry has experienced declines in ratings for programming, which has negatively affected subscription and advertising revenues. Developments in technology and new content delivery products and services have also led to an increasing amount of video content, as well as changes in consumers' expectations regarding the availability of video content, their willingness to pay for access to or ownership of such content, their perception of what quality entertainment is and their tolerance for commercial interruptions. We are engaged in efforts to respond to and mitigate the risks from these changes, but the success of some of these initiatives depends in part on the cooperation of measurement companies, advertisers and affiliates and, therefore, is not within our control. We may incur significant costs to implement our strategy and initiatives, and if they are not successful, our competitive position, businesses and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Our programming networks' success depends upon the availability of programming that is adequate in quantity and quality, and we may be unable to secure or maintain such programming.
Our programming networks' success depends upon the availability of quality programming, particularly original programming and films, that is suitable for our target markets. While we produce certain of our original programming through our studio operations, we obtain most of the programming on our networks (including original programming, films and other acquired programming) through agreements with third parties that have produced or control the rights to such programming. These agreements expire at varying times and may be terminated by the other parties if we are not in compliance with their terms.
Competition for programming has increased as the number of programming networks has increased. Other programming networks that are affiliated with programming sources such as movie or television studios or film libraries may have a competitive advantage over us in this area. In addition to other cable programming networks, we also compete for programming with national broadcast television networks, local broadcast television stations, video on demand services and subscription video on demand services, such as Netflix, Hulu and Amazon Prime. Some of these competitors have exclusive contracts with motion picture studios or independent motion picture distributors or own film libraries.
We cannot assure you that we will ultimately be successful in producing or obtaining the quality programming our networks need to be successful.
Increased programming costs may adversely affect our profits.
We produce a significant amount of original programming and other content and continue to invest in this area, the costs of which are significant. We also acquire programming and television series, as well as a variety of digital content and other ancillary rights from other companies, and we pay license fees, royalties or contingent compensation in connection with these acquired rights. Our investments in original and acquired programming are significant and involve complex negotiations with numerous third parties. These costs may not be recouped when the content is broadcast or distributed and higher costs may lead to decreased profitability or potential write-downs. Increased competition from additional entrants into the market for development and production of original programming, such as Apple, Netflix, Amazon Prime and Hulu, may increase our programming content costs.
We incur costs for the creative talent, including actors, writers and producers, who create our original programming. Some of our original programming has achieved significant popularity and critical acclaim, which has increased and could continue to increase the costs of such programming in the future. In addition, from time to time we have disputes with writers, producers and other creative talent over the amount of royalty and other payments (See Item 3. – Legal Proceedings for additional information). The Company believes that disputes of this type are endemic to its business and similar disputes may arise from time to time in the future. An increase in the costs of programming may lead to decreased profitability or otherwise adversely affect our business.

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Original programming requires substantial financial commitment. In some cases, the financial commitment may be partially offset by foreign, state or local tax incentives. However, there is a risk that the tax incentives will not remain available for the duration of a series. If tax incentives are no longer available, reduced substantially, or cannot be utilized, it may result in increased costs for us to complete the production or make the production of additional seasons more expensive. If we are unable to produce original programming content on a cost effective basis our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.
Theft of our content, including digital copyright theft and other unauthorized exhibitions of our content, may decrease revenue received from our programming and adversely affect our businesses and profitability.
The success of our businesses depends in part on our ability to maintain and monetize our intellectual property rights to our entertainment content. We are fundamentally a content company and theft of our brands, programming, digital content and other intellectual property has the potential to significantly affect us and the value of our content. Copyright theft is particularly prevalent in many parts of the world that lack effective copyright and technical protective measures similar to those existing in the United States or that lack effective enforcement of such measures, including some of the jurisdictions in which we operate. The interpretation of copyright, privacy and other laws as applied to our content, and piracy detection and enforcement efforts, remain in flux. The failure to strengthen, or the weakening of, existing intellectual property laws could make it more difficult for us to adequately protect our intellectual property and negatively affect its value and our results of operations.
Content theft has been made easier by the wide availability of higher bandwidth and reduced storage costs, as well as tools that undermine security features such as encryption and the ability of pirates to cloak their identities online. In addition, we and our numerous production and distribution partners operate various technology systems in connection with the production and distribution of our programming, and intentional, or unintentional, acts could result in unauthorized access to our content, a disruption of our services, or improper disclosure of confidential information. The increasing use of digital formats and technologies heightens this risk. Unauthorized access to our content could result in the premature release of our programming, which may have a significant adverse effect on the value of the affected programming.
Copyright theft has an adverse effect on our business because it reduces the revenue that we are able to receive from the legitimate sale and distribution of our content, undermines lawful distribution channels and inhibits our ability to recoup or profit from the costs incurred to create such content. A change in the laws of one jurisdiction may also have an impact on our ability to protect our intellectual property rights across other jurisdictions. In addition, many parts of the world where piracy is prevalent lack effective copyright and other legal protections or enforcement measures. Efforts to prevent the unauthorized distribution, performance and copying of our content may affect our profitability and may not be successful in preventing harm to our business.
Litigation may be necessary to enforce our intellectual property rights, protect trade secrets or to determine the validity and scope of proprietary rights claimed by others. Any litigation of this nature, regardless of outcome or merit, could result in substantial costs and diversion of management and technical resources, any of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Our failure to protect our intellectual property rights, particularly our brand, in a meaningful manner or challenges to related contractual rights could result in erosion of our brand and limit our ability to control marketing of our networks, which could have a materially adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Because a limited number of distributors account for a large portion of our business, failure to renew our programming networks' distribution agreements, or renewal on less favorable terms, or the termination of those agreements, both in the U.S. and internationally, could have a material adverse effect on our business.
Our programming networks depend upon agreements with a limited number of cable television system operators and other multichannel video programming distributors. The loss of any significant distributor could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations.
Currently our programming networks have distribution agreements with staggered expiration dates through 2026. Failure to renew distribution agreements, or renewal on less favorable terms (including with respect to price, packaging, positioning and other marketing opportunities), or the termination of distribution agreements could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. A reduced distribution of our programming networks would adversely affect our distribution revenues, and impact our ability to sell advertising or the rates we charge for such advertising. Even if distribution agreements are renewed, there is no assurance that the renewal rates will equal or exceed the rates that we currently charge these distributors.
In addition, we have, in some instances, made upfront payments to distributors in exchange for additional subscribers or have agreed to waive or accept lower subscription fees if certain numbers of additional subscribers are provided. We also may help fund our distributors' efforts to market our programming networks or we may permit distributors to offer promotional periods without payment of subscriber fees. As we continue our efforts to add viewing subscribers, our net revenues may be negatively affected by these deferred carriage fee arrangements, discounted subscriber fees or other payments.

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Consolidation among cable, satellite and telecommunications service providers has had, and could continue to have, an adverse effect on our revenue and profitability.
In some cases, if a distributor is acquired, the agreement of the acquiring distributor will govern following the acquisition. In those circumstances, the acquisition of a distributor that is party to one or more distribution agreements with our programming networks on terms that are more favorable to us could adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations.
Consolidation among cable and satellite distributors and telecommunications service providers has given the largest operators considerable leverage and market power in their relationships with programmers. We currently have agreements in place with the major U.S. cable and satellite operators and telecommunications service providers and this consolidation has affected, and could continue to affect, our ability to maximize the value of our content through those distributors. In addition, many of the countries and territories in which we distribute our networks also have a small number of dominant distributors. Continued consolidation within the industry could reduce the number of distributors that carry our programming and further increase the negotiating leverage of the cable and satellite television system operators, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
We are subject to intense competition, which may have a negative effect on our profitability or on our ability to expand our business.
The programming industry is highly competitive. Our programming networks compete with other programming networks and other types of video programming services for marketing and distribution by cable and other multichannel video programming distribution systems and ultimately for viewing by their subscribers. We compete with other providers of programming networks for the right to be carried by a particular cable or other multichannel video programming distribution system and for the right to be carried by such system on a particular "tier" of service. The increasing offerings by virtual multichannnel video programming distributors through alternative distribution methods creates competition for carriage on those platforms. Our programming networks compete with other programming networks and other sources of video content to secure desired entertainment programming.
Competition for content, audiences and advertising is intense and comes from broadcast television, other cable networks, distributors, including subscription streaming services and virtual multichannel video programming services, social media content distributors, and other entertainment outlets and platforms, as well as from search, social networks, program guides and "second screen" applications.
Increased competition from additional entrants into the market for development and production of original programming, such as Apple, Facebook, YouTube, Netflix, Amazon Prime and Hulu, increases our content costs as creating competing high quality, original content requires significant investment. In addition, as competition with these entrants for the creation and acquisition of quality programming continues to escalate, the complexity of negotiations over acquired rights to the content and the value of the rights we acquire or retain may increase, leading to increased acquisition costs, and our ability to successfully acquire content of the highest quality may face greater uncertainty.
Our ability to compete successfully depends on a number of factors, including our ability to create or acquire high quality and popular programs, adapt to new technologies and distribution platforms, and achieve widespread distribution for our content. More content consumption options increase competition for viewers as well as for programming and creative talent, which can decrease our audience ratings, and therefore potentially our advertising revenues.
Certain programming networks affiliated with broadcast networks like ABC, CBS, Fox or NBC or other key free-to-air programming networks in countries where our networks are distributed may have a competitive advantage over our programming networks in obtaining distribution through the "bundling" of carriage agreements for such programming networks with a distributor's right to carry the affiliated broadcasting network. In addition, our ability to compete with certain programming networks for distribution may be hampered because the cable television or other multichannel video programming distributors through which we seek distribution may be affiliated with these programming networks. Because such distributors may have a substantial number of subscribers, the ability of such programming networks to obtain distribution on the systems of affiliated distributors may lead to increased distribution and advertising revenue for such programming networks because of their increased penetration compared to our programming networks. Even if the affiliated distributors carry our programming networks, they may place their affiliated programming network on a more desirable tier, thereby giving their affiliated programming network a competitive advantage over our own. Our competitors could also have preferential access to important technologies, customer data or other competitive information. There can be no assurance that we will be able to compete successfully in the future against existing or potential competitors, or that competition will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
In addition, our competitors include market participants with interests in multiple media businesses that are often vertically integrated, whereas our businesses generally rely on distribution relationships with third parties. As more cable and satellite operators, Internet service providers, subscription streaming services, other content distributors, aggregators and search providers create or acquire their own content, they may have significant competitive advantages, which could adversely affect our ability to

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negotiate favorable terms and distribution or otherwise compete effectively in the delivery marketplace. Our competitors could also have preferential access to important technologies, customer data or other competitive information.
There can be no assurance that we will be able to compete successfully in the future against existing or new competitors, or that competition will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
We may not be able to adapt to new content distribution platforms and to changes in consumer behavior resulting from these new technologies, which may adversely affect our business.
We must successfully adapt to technological advances in our industry, including alternative distribution platforms. Our ability to exploit new distribution platforms and viewing technologies will affect our ability to maintain or grow our business. New forms of content distribution may provide different economic models and compete with current distribution methods in ways that are not entirely predictable. Such competition could reduce demand for our traditional television offerings or for the offerings of digital platforms and reduce our revenue from these sources. Accordingly, we must adapt to changing consumer behavior driven by advances such as virtual multichannel video programming distributors, digital video recorders, video on demand, subscription video on demand, including services such as Netflix, Hulu, Apple TV, Google TV and Amazon Prime and mobile devices. Gaming and other consoles such as Microsoft's Xbox, Sony's Playstation and Nintendo's Wii and Roku are establishing themselves as alternative providers of video services. Such changes may impact the revenues we are able to generate from our traditional distribution methods, either by decreasing the viewership of our programming networks on cable and other multichannel video programming distribution systems which are almost entirely directed at television video delivery or by making advertising on our programming networks less valuable to advertisers. If we fail to adapt our distribution methods and content to new technologies, our appeal to our targeted audiences might decline and there could be a negative effect on our business. In addition, advertising revenues could be significantly impacted by new technologies, since advertising sales are dependent on audience measurement provided by third parties, and the results of audience measurement techniques can vary independent of the size of the audience for a variety of reasons, including difficulties related to the employed statistical sampling methods, new distribution platforms and viewing technologies, and the shifting of the marketplace to the use of measurement of different viewer behaviors, such as delayed viewing. Moreover, devices that allow users to fast forward or skip programming, including commercials, are causing changes in consumer behavior that may affect the desirability of our programming services to advertisers.
Advertising market conditions in specific markets could cause our revenues and operating results to decline significantly in any given period.
We derive substantial revenues from the sale of advertising on a variety of platforms, and a decline in advertising expenditures could have a significant adverse effect on our revenues and operating results in any given period. The strength of the advertising market can fluctuate in response to the economic prospects of specific advertisers or industries, advertisers' current spending priorities and the economy in general, and this may adversely affect the growth rate of our advertising revenues.
In addition, the pricing and volume of advertising may be affected by shifts in spending toward online and mobile offerings from more traditional media, or toward new ways of purchasing advertising, such as through automated purchasing, dynamic advertising insertion, third parties selling local advertising spots and advertising exchanges, some or all of which may not be as advantageous to the Company as current advertising methods. The increasing number of entertainment choices available to consumers has intensified audience fragmentation and reduced the viewing of content through traditional and virtual multichannel video programming providers, which has caused, and may continue to cause, audience ratings declines for our programming networks and may adversely affect the pricing and volume of advertising
Advertising sales are dependent on audience measurement, and the results of audience measurement techniques can vary independent of the size of the audience for a variety of reasons, including variations in the employed statistical sampling methods. While Nielsen's statistical sampling method is the primary measurement technique used in our television advertising sales, we measure and monetize our campaign reach and frequency on and across digital platforms based on other third-party data using a variety of methods including the number of impressions served and demographics. In addition, multi-platform campaign verification is in its infancy, and viewership on tablets and smartphones, which is growing rapidly, is presently not measured by any one consistently applied method. These variations and changes could have a significant effect on advertising revenues.
General Risks
We face risks from doing business internationally.
We have operations through which we distribute programming outside the United States. As a result, our business is subject to certain risks inherent in international business, many of which are beyond our control. These risks include:
laws and policies affecting trade and taxes, including laws and policies relating to the repatriation of funds and withholding taxes, and changes in these laws;
changes in local regulatory requirements, including restrictions on content, imposition of local content quotas and restrictions on foreign ownership;

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exchange controls, tariffs and other trade barriers;
differing degrees of protection for intellectual property and varying attitudes towards the piracy of intellectual property;
foreign privacy and data protection laws and regulations and changes in these laws;
the instability of foreign economies and governments;
war and acts of terrorism;
anti-corruption laws and regulations such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the U.K. Bribery Act that impose stringent requirements on how we conduct our foreign operations and changes in these laws and regulations; and
shifting consumer preferences regarding the viewing of video programming.
Events or developments related to these and other risks associated with international trade could adversely affect our revenues from non-U.S. sources, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results, liquidity and prospects.
Economic problems in the United States or in other parts of the world could adversely affect our results of operations.
Our business is affected by prevailing economic conditions and by disruptions to financial markets. We derive substantial revenues from advertisers, and these expenditures are sensitive to general economic conditions and consumer buying patterns. Financial instability or a general decline in economic conditions in the United States and other countries where our networks are distributed could adversely affect advertising rates and volume, which may result in a decrease in our advertising revenues.
Decreases in consumer discretionary spending in the U.S and other countries where our networks are distributed may affect cable television and other video service subscriptions, in particular with respect to digital service tiers on which certain of our programming networks are carried. This could lead to a decrease in the number of subscribers receiving our programming from multichannel video programming distributors, which could have a negative impact on our viewing subscribers and subscription fee revenues. Similarly, a decrease in viewing subscribers would also have a negative impact on the number of viewers actually watching the programs on our programming networks, which could also impact the rates we are able to charge advertisers.
Economic conditions affect a number of aspects of our businesses worldwide and impact the businesses of our advertisers on our networks and reduce their spending on advertising. Economic conditions can also negatively affect the ability of those with whom we do business to satisfy their obligations to us. The general worsening of current global economic conditions could adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations. Further worsening of economic conditions in certain specific parts of the world could impact the expansion and success of our businesses in such areas. Furthermore, some foreign markets where we operate may be more adversely affected by economic conditions than those prevailing in the U.S. or other countries.
Fluctuations in foreign exchange rates could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.
We have significant operations in a number of foreign jurisdictions and certain of our operations are conducted in foreign currencies. The value of these currencies fluctuates relative to the U.S. dollar. As a result, we are exposed to exchange rate fluctuations, which have had, and may in the future have, an adverse effect on our results of operations in a given period.
Specifically, we are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk to the extent that we enter into transactions denominated in currencies other than ours or our subsidiaries' respective functional currencies (non-functional currency risk), such as trade receivables, programming contracts, notes payable and notes receivable (including intercompany amounts) that are denominated in a currency other than the applicable functional currency. Changes in exchange rates with respect to amounts recorded in our consolidated balance sheets related to these items will result in unrealized (based upon period-end exchange rates) or realized foreign currency transaction gains and losses upon settlement of the transactions. Moreover, to the extent that our revenue, costs and expenses are denominated in currencies other than our or our subsidiaries' respective functional currencies, we will experience fluctuations in our revenue, costs and expenses solely as a result of changes in foreign currency exchange rates.
We also are exposed to unfavorable and potentially volatile fluctuations of the U.S. dollar (our reporting currency) against the currencies of our non-U.S. dollar functional currency operating subsidiaries when their respective financial statements are translated into U.S. dollars for inclusion in our consolidated financial statements. Cumulative translation adjustments are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of equity. Any increase (decrease) in the value of the U.S. dollar against any foreign currency that is the functional currency of one of our operating subsidiaries will cause us to experience unrealized foreign currency translation losses (gains) with respect to amounts already invested in such foreign currencies. Accordingly, we may experience a negative impact on our comprehensive income (loss) and equity with respect to our holdings solely as a result of foreign currency translation. Our primary exposure to foreign currency risk from a foreign currency translation perspective is to the euro, British pound and, to a lesser extent, other local currencies in Europe. We generally do not hedge against the risk that we may incur non-cash losses upon the translation of the financial statements of our non-U.S. dollar functional currency operating subsidiaries and affiliates into U.S. dollars.

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Our business is limited by United States regulatory constraints which may adversely impact our operations.
Although most aspects of our business generally are not directly regulated by the FCC, there are certain FCC regulations that govern our business either directly or indirectly. See Item 1, "Business—Regulation" in this Annual Report. Furthermore, to the extent that regulations and laws, either presently in force or proposed, hinder or stimulate the growth of the cable television, satellite or other multichannel video programming distributors, our business could be affected.
The United States Congress and the FCC currently have under consideration, and may in the future adopt, new laws, regulations and policies regarding a wide variety of matters that could, directly or indirectly, affect our operations.
The regulation of cable television services, satellite carriers, and other video programming distributors is subject to the political process and has been in constant flux over the past two decades. Further material changes in the law and regulatory requirements must be anticipated. We cannot assure you that our business will not be adversely affected by future legislation, new regulation or deregulation.
Our businesses are subject to risks of adverse regulation by foreign governments.
Programming businesses are subject to the regulations of the countries in which they operate as well as international bodies, such as the European Union ("E.U."). These regulations may include restrictions on advertising that can be sold on our networks, programming content requirements, requirements to make programming available on non-discriminatory terms, and local content quotas. Consequently, our businesses must adapt their ownership and organizational structure as well as their pricing and service offerings to satisfy the rules and regulations to which they are subject. A failure to comply with applicable rules and regulations could result in penalties, restrictions on our business or loss of required licenses or other adverse conditions.
Proposed or new legislation and regulations could also significantly affect our business. For example, the E.U. has adopted GDPR, which expands the regulation of personal data processing throughout the E.U. and significantly increases penalties for non-compliance. Complying with these laws and regulations could be costly, require us to change our business practices, or limit or restrict aspects of our business in a manner adverse to our business operations. Many of these laws and regulations continue to evolve, and substantial uncertainty surrounds their scope and application. Our failure to comply could result in exposure to enforcement by U.S. or foreign governments, as well as significant negative publicity and reputational damage.
Adverse changes in rules and regulations could have a significant adverse impact on our profitability.
As a company that has operations in the United Kingdom, the vote by the United Kingdom to leave the E.U. could have an adverse impact on our business, results of operations and financial position.
On June 23, 2016, the U.K. held a referendum in which voters approved an exit from the E.U., commonly referred to as "Brexit." As a result of the referendum, the British government has been negotiating the terms of the U.K.'s future relationship with the E.U. The effects of Brexit will depend on whether the U.K. is able to reach an agreement on terms with the E.U. before its departure and the terms of any agreements the U.K. makes to retain access to the E.U. markets either during a transitional period or more permanently. The measures could potentially disrupt the markets we serve and may cause us to lose subscribers, distributors and employees. If the U.K. loses access to the single E.U. market and the global trade deals negotiated by the E.U., it could have a detrimental impact on our U.K. growth. Such a decline could also make our doing business in Europe more difficult, which could delay and reduce the scope of our distribution and licensing agreements. Without access to the single E.U. market, it may be more challenging and costly to obtain intellectual property rights for our content within the U.K. or distribute our services in Europe. In addition, Brexit could lead to legal uncertainty and potentially divergent national laws and regulations as the U.K. determines which E.U. laws to replace and replicate. If there are changes to U.K. immigration policy as a result of Brexit, this could affect our employees and their ability to move freely between the E.U. member states for work related matters.
We face continually evolving cybersecurity and similar risks, which could result in the disclosure of confidential information, disruption of our programming, damage to our brands and reputation, legal exposure and financial losses.
We maintain information in digital form as necessary to conduct our business, including confidential and proprietary information regarding our content, distributors, advertisers, viewers and employees. Data maintained in digital form is subject to the risk of cybersecurity attacks, tampering and theft. We develop and maintain systems to monitor and prevent this from occurring, but the development and maintenance of these systems is costly and requires ongoing monitoring and updating as technologies change and efforts to overcome security measures become more sophisticated. Despite our efforts, the risks of a data breach cannot be entirely eliminated and our information technology and other systems that maintain and transmit consumer, distributor, advertiser, Company, employee and other confidential information may be compromised by a malicious penetration of our network security, or that of a third party provider due to employee error, computer malware or ransomware, viruses, hacking and phishing attacks, or otherwise. Additionally, outside parties may attempt to fraudulently induce employees or users to disclose sensitive or confidential information in order to gain access to data. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems change frequently and often are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate

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these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures. If our data systems are compromised, our ability to conduct our business may be impaired, we may lose profitable opportunities or the value of those opportunities may be diminished and, as described above, we may lose revenue as a result of unlicensed use of our intellectual property. Further, a penetration of our network security or other misappropriation or misuse of personal consumer or employee information could subject us to business, regulatory, litigation and reputation risk, which could have a negative effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
If our technology facilities fail or their operations are disrupted, or if we lose access to third party satellites, our performance could be hindered.
Our programming is transmitted using technology facilities at certain of our subsidiaries. These technology facilities are used for a variety of purposes, including signal processing, program editing, promotions, creation of programming segments to fill short gaps between featured programs, quality control, and live and recorded playback. These facilities are subject to interruption from fire, lightning, adverse weather conditions and other natural causes. Equipment failure, employee misconduct or outside interference could also disrupt the facilities' services. We maintain a full time disaster recovery site in Chandler, Arizona. The facility provides simultaneous playout of AMC and evergreen programming for SundanceTV, IFC and WE tv. In the event of a catastrophic failure of the Bethpage facility, the disaster recovery site can be operational within 1-2 hours. Evergreen programming would be replaced with scheduled programming within 12-24 hours for SundanceTV, IFC and WE tv.
In addition, we rely on third-party satellites in order to transmit our programming signals to our distributors. As with all satellites, there is a risk that the satellites we use will be damaged as a result of natural or man-made causes, or will otherwise fail to operate properly. Although we maintain in-orbit protection providing us with back-up satellite transmission facilities should our primary satellites fail, there can be no assurance that such back-up transmission facilities will be effective or will not themselves fail.
Any significant interruption at any of our technology facilities affecting the distribution of our programming, or any failure in satellite transmission of our programming signals, could have an adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition.
The loss of any of our key personnel and artistic talent could adversely affect our business.
We believe that our success depends to a significant extent upon the performance of our senior executives. We generally do not maintain "key man" insurance. In addition, we depend on the availability of third-party production companies to create most of our original programming. For certain of our productions, the Company, through in-house and third party production service companies, engages the services of writers, directors, actors and various crew members who are subject to certain specially negotiated collective bargaining agreements. Any labor disputes or a strike by one or more unions representing any of these parties who are essential to our original programming could have a material adverse effect on our original programming, disrupt our operations and reduce our revenues. The loss of any significant personnel or artistic talent, or our artistic talent losing their audience base, could also have a material adverse effect on our business.

Our inability to successfully make investments in, and/or acquire and integrate, other businesses, assets, products or technologies could harm our business, financial condition or operating results.
Our success may depend on opportunities to buy other businesses or technologies that could complement, enhance or expand our current business or products or that might otherwise offer us growth opportunities. We have acquired, and have made strategic investments in, a number of companies (including through joint ventures) in the past, and we expect to make additional acquisitions and strategic investments in the future. Such transactions may result in dilutive issuances of our equity securities, use of our cash resources, and incurrence of debt and amortization expenses related to intangible assets. Any acquisitions and strategic investments that we are able to identify and complete may be accompanied by a number of risks, including:
the difficulty of assimilating the operations and personnel of acquired companies into our operations;
the potential disruption of our ongoing business and distraction of management;
the incurrence of additional operating losses and operating expenses of the businesses we acquired or in which we invested;
the difficulty of integrating acquired technology and rights into our services and unanticipated expenses related to such integration;
the failure to successfully further develop an acquired business or technology and any resulting impairment of amounts currently capitalized as intangible assets;
the failure of strategic investments to perform as expected or to meet financial projections;
the potential for patent and trademark infringement and data privacy and security claims against the acquired companies, or companies in which we have invested;
litigation or other claims in connection with acquisitions, acquired companies, or companies in which we have invested;
the impairment or loss of relationships with customers and partners of the companies we acquired or in which we invested or with our customers and partners as a result of the integration of acquired operations;

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the impairment of relationships with, or failure to retain, employees of acquired companies or our existing employees as a result of integration of new personnel;
the difficulty of integrating operations, systems, and controls as a result of cultural, regulatory, systems, and operational differences;
the performance of management of companies in which we invest but do not control;
in the case of foreign acquisitions and investments, the impact of particular economic, tax, currency, political, legal and regulatory risks associated with specific countries; and
the impact of known potential liabilities or liabilities that may be unknown, including as a result of inadequate internal controls, associated with the companies we acquired or in which we invested.
Our failure to be successful in addressing these risks or other problems encountered in connection with our past or future acquisitions and strategic investments could cause us to fail to realize the anticipated benefits of such acquisitions or investments, incur unanticipated liabilities, and harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may have exposure to additional tax liabilities.
We are subject to income taxes as well as non-income based taxes, such as payroll, sales, use, value-added, net worth, property and goods and services taxes, in both the United States and various foreign jurisdictions. Judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes and other tax liabilities. In the ordinary course of our business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. We are regularly under audit by tax authorities in both the United States and various foreign jurisdictions. Although we believe that our tax estimates are reasonable, (1) there is no assurance that the final determination of tax audits or tax disputes will not be different from what is reflected in our historical income tax provisions, expense amounts for non-income based taxes and accruals and (2) any material differences could have an adverse effect on our financial position and results of operations in the period or periods for which determination is made.
Although a portion of our revenue and operating income is generated outside the United States, we are subject to potential current U.S. income tax on this income due to our being a U.S. corporation. Our worldwide effective tax rate may be reduced under a provision in U.S. tax law that defers the imposition of U.S. tax on certain foreign active income until that income is repatriated to the United States. Any repatriation of assets held in foreign jurisdictions or recognition of foreign income that fails to meet the U.S. tax requirements related to deferral of U.S. income tax may result in a higher effective tax rate for the Company. This includes what is referred to as "Subpart F Income," which generally includes, but is not limited to, such items as interest, dividends, royalties, gains from the disposition of certain property, certain currency exchange gains in excess of currency exchange losses, and certain related party sales and services income. While the Company may mitigate this increase in its effective tax rate through claiming a foreign tax credit against its U.S. federal income taxes or potentially have foreign or U.S. taxes reduced under applicable income tax treaties, we are subject to various limitations on claiming foreign tax credits or we may lack treaty protections in certain jurisdictions that will potentially limit any reduction of the increased effective tax rate. A higher effective tax rate may also result to the extent that losses are incurred in non-U.S. subsidiaries that do not reduce our U.S. taxable income.
On December 22, 2017 the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA") was enacted and is expected to significantly impact companies' accounting for and reporting of income taxes. Under the TCJA, the Subpart F rules continue to exist in addition to a minimum tax on certain foreign earnings in excess of 10 percent of the foreign subsidiaries tangible assets (i.e., global intangible low-taxed income or GILTI). The TCJA also allows a reduced tax on excess returns of a U.S. corporation from foreign sales (i.e., foreign derived intangibles income or FDII). As a transition from the deferral of U.S. tax on certain foreign active income to the new tax laws, the TCJA set forth a one-time transition tax based on total post-1986 earnings and profits ("E&P") of certain foreign subsidiaries that were previously tax deferred. While the Company may mitigate any potential negative impacts of the one-time transition tax or other effects of tax reform through claiming a foreign tax credit against its U.S. federal income taxes, we are subject to various limitations on claiming foreign tax credits that may limit any reduction of the increased effective rate.
We are subject to changing tax laws, treaties and regulations in and between countries in which we operate, including treaties between the United States and other nations. A change in these tax laws, treaties or regulations, including those in and involving the United States, or in the interpretation thereof, could result in a materially higher or lower income or non-income tax expense. Also, various income tax proposals in the countries in which we operate, such as those relating to fundamental U.S. international tax reform and measures in response to the economic uncertainty in certain European jurisdictions in which we operate, could result in changes to the existing tax laws under which our taxes are calculated. We are unable to predict whether any of these or other proposals in the United States or foreign jurisdictions will ultimately be enacted. Any such changes could negatively impact our business.
A significant amount of our book value consists of intangible assets that may not generate cash in the event of a voluntary or involuntary sale.
At December 31, 2018, our consolidated financial statements included approximately $5.3 billion of consolidated total assets, of which approximately $1.4 billion were classified as intangible assets. Intangible assets primarily include affiliation agreements

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and affiliate relationships, advertiser relationships, trademarks and goodwill. While we believe that the carrying values of our intangible assets are recoverable, there is no assurance that we would receive any cash from the voluntary or involuntary sale of these intangible assets, particularly if we were not continuing as an operating business.
We may have a significant indemnity obligation if the Distribution is treated as a taxable transaction.
Prior to the distribution of all of the outstanding common stock of the Company to stockholders of Cablevision, which is now a subsidiary of Altice USA, in the Distribution, Cablevision received a private letter ruling from the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") to the effect that, among other things, the Distribution, and certain related transactions would qualify for tax-free treatment under the Internal Revenue Code (the "Code") to Cablevision, AMC Networks, and holders of Cablevision common stock. Although a private letter ruling from the IRS generally is binding on the IRS, if the factual representations or assumptions made in the letter ruling request were untrue or incomplete in any material respect, Cablevision would not be able to rely on the ruling. Furthermore, the IRS will not rule on whether a distribution satisfies certain requirements necessary to obtain tax-free treatment under the Code. Rather, the ruling was based upon representations by Cablevision that these conditions were satisfied, and any inaccuracy in such representations could invalidate the ruling.
If the Distribution does not qualify for tax-free treatment for United States federal income tax purposes, then, in general, Cablevision would be subject to tax as if it had sold the common stock of our Company in a taxable sale for its fair market value. Cablevision's stockholders would be subject to tax as if they had received a distribution equal to the fair market value of our common stock that was distributed to them, which generally would be treated first as a taxable dividend to the extent of Cablevision's earnings and profits, then as a non-taxable return of capital to the extent of each stockholder's tax basis in his or her Cablevision stock, and thereafter as capital gain with respect to the remaining value. It is expected that the amount of any such taxes to Cablevision's stockholders and Cablevision would be substantial.
As part of the Distribution, we entered into a tax disaffiliation agreement with Cablevision, which sets out each party's rights and obligations with respect to deficiencies and refunds, if any, of federal, state, local or foreign taxes for periods before and after the Distribution and related matters such as the filing of tax returns and the conduct of IRS and other audits. Pursuant to the tax disaffiliation agreement, we are required to indemnify Cablevision for losses and taxes of Cablevision relating to the Distribution or any related debt exchanges resulting from the breach of certain covenants, including as a result of certain acquisitions of our stock or assets or as a result of modification or repayment of certain related debt in a manner inconsistent with the private letter ruling or letter ruling request. If we are required to indemnify Cablevision under the circumstances set forth in the tax disaffiliation agreement, we may be subject to substantial liabilities, which could have a material negative effect on our business, results of operations, financial position and cash flows.
Risks Relating to Our Debt
Our substantial long-term debt and high leverage could adversely affect our business.
We have a significant amount of long-term debt. As of December 31, 2018, we had $3.2 billion principal amount of total long-term debt (excluding capital leases), $750.0 million of which is senior secured debt under our Credit Facility and $2.4 billion of which is senior unsecured debt.
Our ability to make payments on, or repay or refinance, our debt, and to fund planned distributions and capital expenditures, will depend largely upon our future operating performance. Our future performance, to a certain extent, is subject to general economic, financial, competitive, regulatory and other factors that are beyond our control. In addition, our ability to borrow funds in the future to make payments on our debt will depend on the satisfaction of the covenants in the Credit Facility and our other debt agreements, including indentures governing our notes and other agreements we may enter into in the future.
Our substantial amount of debt could have important consequences. For example, it could:
increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;
require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to make interest and principal payments on our debt, thereby limiting the availability of our cash flow to fund future programming investments, capital expenditures, working capital, business activities and other general corporate requirements;
limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry in which we operate;
place us at a competitive disadvantage compared with our competitors; and
limit our ability to borrow additional funds, even when necessary to maintain adequate liquidity.
In the long-term, we do not expect to generate sufficient cash from operations to repay at maturity our outstanding debt obligations. As a result, we will be dependent upon our ability to access the capital and credit markets. Failure to raise significant amounts of funding to repay these obligations at maturity could adversely affect our business. If we are unable to raise such amounts, we would need to take other actions including selling assets, seeking strategic investments from third parties or reducing

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other discretionary uses of cash. The Credit Facility and indentures governing our notes will restrict, and market or business conditions may limit, our ability to do some of these things.
A significant portion of our debt bears interest at variable rates. While we have entered into hedging agreements limiting our exposure to higher interest rates, such agreements do not offer complete protection from this risk.
The agreements governing our debt contain various covenants that impose restrictions on us that may affect our ability to operate our business.
The agreements governing the Credit Facility and the indentures governing our notes contain covenants that, among other things, limit our ability to:
borrow money or guarantee debt;
create liens;
pay dividends on or redeem or repurchase stock;
make specified types of investments;
enter into transactions with affiliates; and
sell assets or merge with other companies.
The Credit Facility requires us to comply with a Cash Flow Ratio and an Interest Coverage Ratio, each as defined in the Credit Facility. Compliance with these covenants may limit our ability to take actions that might be to the advantage of the Company and our stockholders.
Various risks, uncertainties and events beyond our control could affect our ability to comply with these covenants and maintain these financial ratios. Failure to comply with any of the covenants in our existing or future financing agreements could result in a default under those agreements and under other agreements containing cross-default provisions. A default would permit lenders to accelerate the maturity for the debt under these agreements and to foreclose upon any collateral securing the debt. Under these circumstances, we might not have sufficient funds or other resources to satisfy all of our obligations. In addition, the limitations imposed by financing agreements on our ability to incur additional debt and to take other actions might significantly impair our ability to obtain other financing.
Despite our current levels of debt, we may still be able to incur substantially more debt. This could further exacerbate the risks associated with our substantial debt.
We may be able to incur additional debt in the future. The terms of the Credit Facility and indentures governing our notes allow us to incur substantial amounts of additional debt, subject to certain limitations. In addition, as we have in the past, we may in the future refinance all or a portion of our debt, including borrowings under the Credit Facility, and obtain the ability to incur more debt as a result. If new debt is added to our current debt levels, the related risks we could face would be magnified.
A lowering or withdrawal of the ratings assigned to our debt securities by rating agencies may further increase our future borrowing costs and reduce our access to capital.
The debt ratings for our notes are below the "investment grade" category, which results in higher borrowing costs as well as a reduced pool of potential purchasers of our debt as some investors will not purchase debt securities that are not rated in an investment grade rating category. In addition, there can be no assurance that any rating assigned will remain for any given period of time or that a rating will not be lowered or withdrawn entirely by a rating agency, if in that rating agency's judgment, future circumstances relating to the basis of the rating, such as adverse changes, so warrant. A lowering or withdrawal of a rating may further increase our future borrowing costs and reduce our access to capital.
Risks Relating to Our Controlled Ownership
We are controlled by the Dolan family and trusts for their benefit, which may create certain conflicts of interest. In addition, as a result of their control, the Dolan family has the ability to prevent or cause a change in control or approve, prevent or influence certain actions by the Company.
We have two classes of common stock:
Class A Common Stock, which is entitled to one vote per share and is entitled collectively to elect 25% of our Board of Directors.
Class B Common Stock, which is generally entitled to ten votes per share and is entitled collectively to elect the remaining 75% of our Board of Directors.
As of December 31, 2018, the Dolan family, including trusts for the benefit of members of the Dolan family (collectively "the Dolan Family Group"), own all of our Class B Common Stock, approximately 3% of our outstanding Class A Common Stock and approximately 73% of the total voting power of all our outstanding common stock. The members of the Dolan Family Group

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have executed a voting agreement that has the effect of causing the voting power of the holders of our Class B Common Stock to be cast as provided therein with respect to all matters to be voted on by holders of Class B Common Stock. Under the Stockholders Agreement, the shares of Class B Common Stock owned by members of the Dolan Family Group are to be voted on all matters in accordance with the determination of the Dolan Family Committee, except that the decisions of the Dolan Family Committee are non-binding with respect to the Class B Common Stock owned by certain Dolan family trusts (the "Excluded Trusts") that collectively own 48% of the outstanding Class B Common Stock. The Dolan Family Committee consists of Charles F. Dolan and his six children, James L. Dolan, Thomas C. Dolan, Patrick F. Dolan, Kathleen M. Dolan, Marianne E. Dolan and Deborah A. Dolan-Sweeney (collectively, the "Dolan Siblings"). The Dolan Family Committee generally acts by vote of a majority of the Dolan Siblings, except that a vote on a going-private transaction must be approved by a two-thirds vote of the Dolan siblings and a vote on a change-in-control transaction must be approved by not less than all but one of the Dolan Siblings. The Dolan Family Group is able to prevent a change in control of our Company and no person interested in acquiring us will be able to do so without obtaining the consent of the Dolan Family Group.
Shares of Class B Common Stock owned by Excluded Trusts are to be voted on all matters in accordance with the determination of the Excluded Trusts holding a majority of the Class B Common Stock held by all Excluded Trusts, except in the case of a vote on a going-private transaction or a change in control transaction, in which case a vote of trusts holding two-thirds of the Class B Common Stock owned by Excluded Trusts is required.
The Dolan Family Group by virtue of their stock ownership, have the power to elect all of our directors subject to election by holders of Class B Common Stock and are able collectively to control stockholder decisions on matters on which holders of all classes of our common stock vote together as a single class. These matters could include the amendment of some provisions of our certificate of incorporation and the approval of fundamental corporate transactions.
In addition, the affirmative vote or consent of the holders of at least 66 2/3% of the outstanding shares of the Class B Common Stock, voting separately as a class, is required to approve:
the authorization or issuance of any additional shares of Class B Common Stock, and
any amendment, alteration or repeal of any of the provisions of our certificate of incorporation that adversely affects the powers, preferences or rights of the Class B Common Stock.
As a result, the Dolan Family Group has the power to prevent such issuance or amendment.
We have adopted a written policy whereby an independent committee of our Board of Directors will review and approve or take such other action as it may deem appropriate with respect to certain transactions involving the Company and its subsidiaries, on the one hand, and certain related parties, including Charles F. Dolan and certain of his family members and related entities on the other hand. This policy does not address all possible conflicts which may arise, and there can be no assurance that this policy will be effective in dealing with conflict scenarios.
We are a "controlled company" for The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC purposes, which allows us not to comply with certain of the corporate governance rules of The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC.
Members of the Dolan Family Group have entered into a stockholders agreement relating, among other things, to the voting and transfer of their shares of our Class B Common Stock. As a result, we are a "controlled company" under the corporate governance rules of The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC ("NASDAQ"). As a controlled company, we have the right to elect not to comply with the corporate governance rules of NASDAQ requiring: (i) a majority of independent directors on our Board of Directors, (ii) an independent compensation committee and (iii) an independent corporate governance and nominating committee. Our Board of Directors has elected for the Company to be treated as a "controlled company" under NASDAQ corporate governance rules and not to comply with the NASDAQ requirement for a majority independent board of directors and an independent corporate governance and nominating committee because of our status as a controlled company. For purposes of this agreement, the term "independent directors" means the directors of the Company who have been determined by our Board of Directors to be independent directors for purposes of NASDAQ corporate governance standards.
Future stock sales, including as a result of the exercising of registration rights by certain of our shareholders, could adversely affect the trading price of our Class A Common Stock.
Certain parties have registration rights covering a portion of our shares. We have entered into registration rights agreements with Charles F. Dolan, members of his family, certain Dolan family interests and the Dolan Family Foundations that provide them with "demand" and "piggyback" registration rights with respect to approximately 12.5 million shares of Class A Common Stock, including shares issuable upon conversion of shares of Class B Common Stock. Sales of a substantial number of shares of Class A Common Stock could adversely affect the market price of the Class A Common Stock and could impair our future ability to raise capital through an offering of our equity securities.

25


We share certain executives and directors with The Madison Square Garden Company("MSG") and MSG Networks Inc.("MSG Networks"), which may give rise to conflicts.
One of our executives, Gregg G. Seibert, serves as a Vice Chairman of the Company and as a Vice Chairman of MSG and MSG Networks (collectively MSG and MSG Networks, the "Other Entities"). Each of the Other Entities and the Company are affiliates by virtue of being under common control of the Dolan family. As a result, he will not be devoting his full time and attention to the Company's affairs. In addition, six members of our Board are directors of MSG and four members of our Board are directors of MSG Networks. These directors may have actual or apparent conflicts of interest with respect to matters involving or affecting each company. For example, the potential for a conflict of interest exists when we on one hand, and an Other Entity on the other hand, consider acquisitions and other corporate opportunities that may be suitable for us and for the Other Entity. Also, conflicts may arise if there are issues or disputes under the commercial arrangements that exist between the Other Entities and us. In addition, certain of our directors and officers own stock, restricted stock units and options to purchase stock in one or more of the Other Entities, as well as cash performance awards with any payout based on the performance of one or more of the Other Entities. These ownership interests could create actual, apparent or potential conflicts of interest when these individuals are faced with decisions that could have different implications for our Company and one or more of the Other Entities. See "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Certain Relationships and Potential Conflicts of Interest" in our proxy statement filed with the SEC on April 26, 2018 for a description of our related party transaction approval policy that we have adopted to help address such potential conflicts that may arise.
Our overlapping directors and executives with the Other Entities may result in the diversion of corporate opportunities to and other conflicts with the Other Entities and provisions in our governance documents may provide us no remedy in that circumstance.
The Company's amended and restated certificate of incorporation acknowledges that directors and officers of the Company may also be serving as directors, officers, employees, consultants or agents of MSG and its subsidiaries and that the Company may engage in material business transactions with such entity. Our policy concerning certain matters relating to MSG Networks, including responsibilities of overlapping directors and officers (the "overlap policy" and together with the applicable provisions of the amended and restated certificate of incorporation, the "Overlap Provisions") acknowledges that directors and officers of the Company may also be serving as directors, officers, employees, consultants or agents of MSG Networks and its subsidiaries and that the Company may engage in material business transactions with such entity. The Company has renounced its rights to certain business opportunities and the Overlap Provisions provide that no director or officer of the Company who is also serving as a director, officer, employee, consultant or agent of an Other Entity or any subsidiary of an Other Entity will be liable to the Company or its stockholders for breach of any fiduciary duty that would otherwise exist by reason of the fact that any such individual directs a corporate opportunity (other than certain limited types of opportunities set forth in our certificate of incorporation) to the Other Entity or any of its subsidiaries, or does not refer or communicate information regarding such corporate opportunities to the Company. The Overlap Provisions also expressly validate certain contracts, agreements, assignments and transactions (and amendments, modifications or terminations thereof) between the Company and the Other Entities and their subsidiaries and, to the fullest extent permitted by law, provide that the actions of the overlapping directors or officers in connection therewith are not breaches of fiduciary duties owed to the Company, any of its subsidiaries or their respective stockholders.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
None.
Item 2. Properties.
We lease approximately 657,000 square feet of space in the U.S., including approximately 326,000 square feet of office space that we lease at 11 Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10001, under lease arrangements with remaining terms through 2027. We use this space as our corporate headquarters and as the principal business location of our Company. We also lease approximately 67,000 square-feet of space for our broadcasting and technology center in Bethpage, New York under a lease arrangement with a term through 2029, from which AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology conducts its operations. In addition, we lease other properties in New York, California, Florida, Maryland and Illinois.
We lease approximately 245,000 square feet of space outside of the U.S., including in Spain, Hungary and the United Kingdom that support our international operations.
We believe our properties are adequate for our use.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
On December 17, 2013, Frank Darabont ("Darabont"), Ferenc, Inc., Darkwoods Productions, Inc., and Creative Artists Agency, LLC (together, the "2013 Plaintiffs"), filed a complaint in New York Supreme Court in connection with Darabont's rendering services as a writer, director and producer of the television series entitled The Walking Dead and the agreement between

26


the parties related thereto. The Plaintiffs asserted claims for breach of contract, breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing, for an accounting and for declaratory relief. On August 19, 2015, Plaintiffs filed their First Amended Complaint (the "Amended Complaint"), in which they retracted their claims for wrongful termination and failure to apply production tax credits in calculating Plaintiffs' contingent compensation. Plaintiffs also added a claim that Darabont is entitled to a larger share, on a percentage basis, of contingent compensation than he is currently being accorded. On September 26, 2016, Plaintiffs filed their note of issue and certificate of readiness for trial, which included a claim for damages of no less than $280 million. The parties each filed motions for summary judgment. Oral arguments of the summary judgment motions took place on September 15, 2017. On April 19, 2018, the Court granted the Company’s motion for leave to submit supplemental summary judgment briefing. A hearing on the supplemental summary judgment submissions was held on June 13, 2018. On December 10, 2018, the Court denied Plaintiffs' motion for partial summary judgment and granted in part Defendants' motion for summary judgment, dismissing four of Plaintiffs' causes of action. The Company believes that the remaining claims are without merit, denies the allegations and continues to defend the case vigorously. At this time, no determination can be made as to the ultimate outcome of this litigation or the potential liability, if any, on the part of the Company.
On January 18, 2018, the 2013 Plaintiffs filed a second action in New York Supreme Court in connection with Darabont’s services on The Walking Dead television series and agreements between the parties related thereto. The claims in the action allegedly arise from Plaintiffs' audit of their participation statements covering the accounting period from inception of The Walking Dead through September 30, 2014. Plaintiffs seek no less than $20 million in damages on claims for breach of contract, breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing, and declaratory relief. The Company filed an Answer to the Complaint on April 16, 2018. On August 30, 2018, Plaintiff's filed an Amended Complaint, and on September 19, 2018, the Company answered. The parties have agreed to consolidate this action for a joint trial with the action Plaintiffs filed in the New York Supreme Court on December 17, 2013. The trial is scheduled to begin on May 4, 2020. The Company believes that the asserted claims are without merit, denies the allegations and will defend the case vigorously. At this time, no determination can be made as to the ultimate outcome of this litigation or the potential liability, if any, on the part of the Company.
On August 14, 2017, Robert Kirkman, Robert Kirkman, LLC, Glen Mazzara, 44 Strong Productions, Inc., David Alpert, Circle of Confusion Productions, LLC, New Circle of Confusion Productions, Inc., Gale Anne Hurd, and Valhalla Entertainment, Inc. f/k/a Valhalla Motion Pictures, Inc. (together, the "California Plaintiffs") filed a complaint in California Superior Court in connection with California Plaintiffs’ rendering of services as writers and producers of the television series entitled The Walking Dead, as well as Fear the Walking Dead and/or Talking Dead, and the agreements between the parties related thereto (the "California Action"). The California Plaintiffs asserted that the Company has been improperly underpaying the California Plaintiffs under their contracts with the Company and they assert claims for breach of contract, breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing, inducing breach of contract, and liability for violation of Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17200. On August 15, 2017, two of the California Plaintiffs, Gale Anne Hurd and David Alpert (and their associated loan-out companies), along with Charles Eglee and his loan-out company, United Bongo Drum, Inc., filed a complaint in New York Supreme Court alleging nearly identical claims as the California Action (the "New York Action"). Hurd, Alpert, and Eglee filed the New York Action in connection with their contract claims involving The Walking Dead because their agreements contained exclusive New York jurisdiction provisions. On October 23, 2017, the parties stipulated to discontinuing the New York Action without prejudice and consolidating all of the claims in the California Action. The California Plaintiffs seek compensatory and punitive damages and restitution. The Company filed an Answer on April 30, 2018 and believes that the asserted claims are without merit and will vigorously defend against them. The parties are presently engaged in fact discovery. At this time, no determination can be made as to the ultimate outcome of this litigation or the potential liability, if any, on the part of the Company.
The Company is party to various lawsuits and claims in the ordinary course of business, including the matters described above. Although the outcome of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty and while the impact of these matters on the Company's results of operations in any particular subsequent reporting period could be material, management does not believe that the resolution of these matters will have a material adverse effect on the financial position of the Company or the ability of the Company to meet its financial obligations as they become due.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.

27



Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Our Class A Common Stock is listed on NASDAQ under the symbol "AMCX." Our Class B Common Stock is not listed on any exchange. Our Class A Common Stock began trading on NASDAQ on July 1, 2011.
Performance Graph
The following graph compares the performance of the Company's Class A Common Stock with the performance of the S&P Mid-Cap 400 Index and a peer group (the "Peer Group Index") by measuring the changes in our Class A Common Stock prices from July 1, 2011, the first day our Class A Common Stock began regular-way trading on NASDAQ, through December 31, 2018. Because no published index of comparable media companies currently reports values on a dividends-reinvested basis, the Company has created a Peer Group Index for purposes of this graph in accordance with the requirements of the SEC. The Peer Group Index is made up of companies that engage in cable television programming as a significant element of their business, although not all of the companies included in the Peer Group Index participate in all of the lines of business in which the Company is engaged, and some of the companies included in the Peer Group Index also engage in lines of business in which the Company does not participate. Additionally, the market capitalizations of many of the companies included in the Peer Group are quite different from that of the Company. The common stocks of the following companies have been included in the Peer Group Index: Discovery Communications Inc., the Walt Disney Company, Twenty-First Century Fox Inc., CBS Corporation, Lions Gate Entertainment Corporation, and Viacom Inc. The chart assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2013 in each of: i) Company's Class A Common Stock, ii) the S&P Mid-Cap 400 Index, and iii) in this Peer Group weighted by market capitalization.

amcx-1231_chartx08534a05.jpg

  
 
INDEXED RETURNS
Period Ended
Company Name / Index
 
Base Period 12/31/13
 
12/31/14
 
12/31/15
 
12/31/16
 
12/31/17
 
12/31/18
AMC Networks Inc.
 
100
 
93.63
 
109.65
 
76.85
 
79.40
 
80.58
S&P MidCap 400 Index
 
100
 
109.77
 
107.38
 
129.65
 
150.71
 
134.01
Peer Group
 
100
 
108.47
 
100.55
 
103.84
 
110.20
 
118.80

28


This performance graph shall not be deemed "filed" for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act") or incorporated by reference into any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.
As of February 15, 2019 there were 686 holders of record of our Class A Common Stock and 33 holders of record of our Class B Common Stock.
The Company's Board of Directors has authorized a program to repurchase up to $1.5 billion of its outstanding shares of common stock (the "Stock Repurchase Program"). The authorization of up to $500 million was announced on March 7, 2016, an additional authorization of $500 million was announced on June 7, 2017, and an additional authorization of $500 million was announced on June 13, 2018. The Stock Repurchase Program has no pre-established closing date and may be suspended or discontinued at any time. For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company repurchased 5.4 million shares of its Class A common stock at an average purchase price of $52.56 per share. As of December 31, 2018, the Company has $559.4 million available for repurchase under the Stock Repurchase Program.
Period
 
Total Number of Shares
(or Units) Purchased
 
Average Price Paid per Share (or Unit)
 
Total Number of Shares (or Units) Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
 
Maximum Number (or Approximate Dollar Value) of Shares (or Units) that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
October 1, 2018 to October 31, 2018
 

 
$

 

 
$

November 1, 2018 to November 30, 2018
 

 
$

 

 
$

December 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018
 
296,585

 
$
53.08

 
296,585

 
$
559,410,218

Total
 
296,585

 
$
53.08

 
296,585

 
 


29


Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
The operating data for each of the three years ended December 31, 2018 and balance sheet data as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 included in the table below have been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company included in this Annual Report and should be read in conjunction with Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes. The operating data for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 and balance sheet data as of December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 included in the table below have been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company, not included in this Annual Report.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2018 (1) (2)
 
2017 (1) (2)
 
2016 (1) (2)
 
2015 (2)
 
2014 (2)
 
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Operating Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues, net
$
2,971,929

 
$
2,805,691

 
$
2,755,654

 
$
2,580,935

 
$
2,175,641

Operating income
726,909

 
722,359

 
657,556

 
709,193

 
546,353

Income from continuing operations
463,967

 
489,637

 
289,963

 
381,704

 
267,873

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

 

 

 

 
(3,448
)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(17,780
)
 
(18,321
)
 
(19,453
)
 
(14,916
)
 
(3,628
)
Net income attributable to AMC Networks' stockholders
$
446,187

 
$
471,316

 
$
270,510

 
$
366,788

 
$
260,797

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share attributable to AMC Networks' stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
7.68

 
$
7.26

 
$
3.77

 
$
5.06

 
$
3.67

Diluted
$
7.57

 
$
7.18

 
$
3.74

 
$
5.01

 
$
3.63

Balance Sheet Data, at period end:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
554,886

 
$
558,783

 
$
481,389

 
$
316,321

 
$
201,367

Total assets
5,278,563

 
5,032,985

 
4,480,595

 
4,250,609

 
3,949,826

Long-term debt (including capital leases)
3,136,072

 
3,130,381

 
2,859,129

 
2,701,148

 
2,763,144

Stockholders' equity (deficiency)
$
316,680

 
$
134,944

 
$
(30,082
)
 
$
(39,277
)
 
$
(371,755
)
(1) The 2018, 2017 and 2016 results include impairment and related charges of $4.5 million, $28.1 million and $67.8 million, respectively (see Note 4 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements).
(2) The 2018, 2017 and 2016 results include restructuring expense of $45.8 million, $6.1 million and $29.5 million (see Note 5 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements). The 2015 and 2014 results include restructuring expense of $15.0 million and $15.7 million, respectively.


30


Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations, or MD&A, is a supplement to and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes. This section provides additional information regarding our businesses, recent developments, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition, contractual commitments and critical accounting policies.
Introduction
Our MD&A is provided to enhance the understanding of our financial condition, changes in financial condition and results of our operations and is organized as follows:
Business Overview. This section provides a general description of our business and our operating segments, as well as other matters that we believe are important in understanding our results of operations and financial condition and in anticipating future trends.
Consolidated Results of Operations. This section provides an analysis of our results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016. Our discussion is presented on both a consolidated and segment basis. Our two segments are: (i) National Networks and (ii) International and Other.
Liquidity and Capital Resources. This section provides a discussion of our financial condition as of December 31, 2018 as well as an analysis of our cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016. The discussion of our financial condition and liquidity includes summaries of (i) our primary sources of liquidity and (ii) our contractual obligations and off balance sheet arrangements that existed at December 31, 2018.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates. This section provides a discussion of our accounting policies considered to be important to an understanding of our financial condition and results of operations, and which require significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in their application.
Business Overview
We own and operate entertainment businesses and assets. We manage our business through the following two operating segments:
National Networks: Includes activities of our five national programming networks, AMC Studios operations and AMC Broadcasting & Technology. Our national programming networks are AMC, WE tv, BBC AMERICA, IFC, and SundanceTV in the U.S.; and AMC and IFC in Canada. Our AMC Studios operations produce original programming for our programming networks and also license such program rights worldwide. AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology is our technical services business, which primarily services most of the national programming networks.
International and Other: Principally includes AMCNI, the Company's international programming businesses consisting of a portfolio of channels in over 130 countries and territories around the world; IFC Films, the Company's independent film distribution business; Levity, acquired April 20, 2018, our production services and comedy venues company; RLJE, acquired October 1, 2018, a content distribution company that also includes the subscription streaming services Acorn TV and UMC and our wholly-owned subscription streaming services, Shudder and Sundance Now.


31


Financial Results Overview
The tables presented below set forth our consolidated revenues, net, operating income (loss) and adjusted operating income ("AOI"), defined below, for the periods indicated.
(In thousands)
Years Ended December 31,
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Revenues, net
 
 
 
 
 
National Networks
$
2,413,325

 
$
2,367,615

 
$
2,311,040

International and Other
598,306

 
457,182

 
459,996

Inter-segment eliminations
(39,702
)
 
(19,106
)
 
(15,382
)
Consolidated revenues, net
$
2,971,929

 
$
2,805,691

 
$
2,755,654

Operating income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
National Networks
$
825,770

 
$
817,566

 
$
784,027

International and Other
(93,326
)
 
(88,894
)
 
(120,914
)
Inter-segment eliminations
(5,535
)
 
(6,313
)
 
(5,557
)
Consolidated operating income
$
726,909

 
$
722,359

 
$
657,556

AOI
 
 
 
 
 
National Networks
$
925,279

 
$
894,912

 
$
855,488

International and Other
19,303

 
16,219

 
28,608

Inter-segment eliminations
(12,037
)
 
(6,313
)
 
(5,557
)
Consolidated AOI
$
932,545

 
$
904,818

 
$
878,539

We evaluate segment performance based on several factors, of which the primary financial measure is operating segment AOI. We define AOI, which is a financial measure that is not calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"), as operating income (loss) before depreciation and amortization, share-based compensation expense or benefit, impairment and related charges (including gains or losses on sales or dispositions of businesses), restructuring expense or credit and the Company’s proportionate share of adjusted operating income (loss) from greater than 50% owned equity method investees.
From time to time, we may exclude from AOI the impact of certain events, gains, losses or other charges (such as significant legal settlements) that affect our operating performance. We believe that AOI is an appropriate measure for evaluating the operating performance on both an operating segment and consolidated basis. AOI and similar measures with similar titles are common performance measures used by investors, analysts and peers to compare performance in the industry.
Internally, we use revenues, net and AOI measures as the most important indicators of our business performance, and evaluate management's effectiveness with specific reference to these indicators. AOI should be viewed as a supplement to and not a substitute for operating income (loss), net income (loss), cash flows from operating activities and other measures of performance and/or liquidity presented in accordance with GAAP. Since AOI is not a measure of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP, this measure may not be comparable to similar measures with similar titles used by other companies.
The following is a reconciliation of consolidated operating income to AOI for the periods indicated:
(In thousands)
Years Ended December 31,
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Operating income
$
726,909

 
$
722,359

 
$
657,556

Share-based compensation expense
60,979

 
53,545

 
38,897

Restructuring expense
45,847

 
6,128

 
29,503

Impairment and related charges
4,486

 
28,148

 
67,805

Depreciation and amortization
91,281

 
94,638

 
84,778

Equity investees (>50% interest) AOI
3,043

 

 

AOI
$
932,545

 
$
904,818

 
$
878,539


32


Items Impacting Comparability
RLJE
In October 2018, we acquired a controlling interest in RLJE, a premium digital channel company that operates the subscription streaming services Acorn TV and UMC or Urban Movie Channel. The operating results of RLJE are included in our International and Other segment in the consolidated statement of income from the acquisition date through December 31, 2018.
Levity
On April 20, 2018, we acquired a controlling interest in Levity, a media company that owns and operates comedy venues as well as produces original content for distribution. The operating results of Levity are included in our International and Other segment in the consolidated statement of income from the acquisition date through December 31, 2018.
AMCNI – DMC
On July 12, 2017, the AMCNI – DMC business was sold.
National Networks
In our National Networks segment, which accounted for 81% of our consolidated revenues, net for the year ended December 31, 2018, we earn revenue principally from the distribution of our programming and the sale of advertising. Distribution revenue primarily includes subscription fees paid by distributors to carry our programming networks and content licensing revenue from the licensing of original programming for digital, foreign and home video distribution. Subscription fees paid by distributors represent the largest component of distribution revenue. Our subscription fee revenues are based on a per subscriber fee, and, to a lesser extent, fixed fees under multi-year contracts, commonly referred to as "affiliation agreements," which generally provide for annual rate increases. The specific subscription fee revenues we earn vary from period to period, distributor to distributor and also vary among our networks, but are generally based upon the number of each distributor's subscribers who receive our programming, referred to as viewing subscribers. Content licensing revenue from the licensing of original programming for digital and foreign distribution is recognized upon availability or distribution by the licensee.
Under affiliation agreements with our distributors, we have the right to sell a specified amount of national advertising time on our programming networks. Our advertising revenues are more variable than subscription fee revenues because the majority of our advertising is sold on a short-term basis, not under long-term contracts. Our arrangements with advertisers provide for a set number of advertising units to air over a specific period of time at a negotiated price per unit. Additionally, in these advertising sales arrangements, our programming networks generally guarantee specified viewer ratings for their programming. If these guaranteed viewer ratings are not met, we are generally required to provide additional advertising units to the advertiser at no charge. For these types of arrangements, a portion of the related revenue is deferred if the guaranteed ratings are not met and is subsequently recognized either when we provide the required additional advertising time or the guarantee obligation contractually expires. Most of our advertising revenues vary based upon the popularity of our programming as measured by Nielsen. Our national programming networks have advertisers representing companies in a broad range of sectors, including the automotive, restaurants/food, health, and telecommunications industries.
Changes in revenue are primarily derived from changes in the contractual subscription rates charged for our services; the number of subscribers; the prices and number of advertising spots on our networks; and the availability, amount and timing of licensing fees earned from the distribution of our original programming. We seek to grow our revenues by increasing the number of viewing subscribers of the distributors that carry our services. We refer to this as our "penetration." AMC, which is widely distributed throughout the U.S., has a more limited ability to increase its penetration than WE tv, BBC AMERICA, IFC and SundanceTV. To the extent not already carried on more widely penetrated service tiers, WE tv, BBC AMERICA, IFC and SundanceTV, although carried by all of the larger U.S. distributors, have higher growth opportunities due to their current penetration levels with those distributors. Our revenues may also increase over time through contractual rate increases stipulated in our affiliation agreements. In negotiating for additional subscribers or extended carriage, we have agreed, in some instances, to make upfront payments to a distributor which we record as deferred carriage fees and are amortized as a reduction to revenue over the period of the related affiliation agreement. We also may help fund the distributors' efforts to market our networks. We believe that these transactions generate a positive return on investment over the contract period. We seek to increase our advertising revenues by increasing the rates we charge for such advertising, which is directly related to the overall distribution of our programming, penetration of our services and the popularity (including within desirable demographic groups) of our services as measured by Nielsen.
Our principal goal is to increase our revenues by increasing distribution and penetration of our services, and increasing our ratings. To do this, we must continue to contract for and produce high-quality, attractive programming. As competition for programming increases and alternative distribution technologies continue to emerge and develop in the industry, costs for content acquisition and original programming may increase. There is a concentration of subscribers in the hands of a few distributors, which could create disparate bargaining power between the largest distributors and us by giving those distributors greater leverage

33


in negotiating the price and other terms of affiliation agreements. We also seek to increase our content licensing revenues by expanding the opportunities for licensing our programming through digital, foreign and home video services. Content licensing revenues in each quarter may vary based on the timing of availability of our programming to distributors.
Programming expense, included in technical and operating expense, represents the largest expense of the National Networks segment and primarily consists of amortization and write-offs of programming rights, such as those for original programming, feature films and licensed series, as well as participation and residual costs. The other components of technical and operating expense primarily include distribution and production related costs and program operating costs including cost of delivery, such as origination, transmission, uplinking and encryption.
To an increasing extent, the success of our business depends on original programming, both scripted and unscripted, across all of our networks. In recent years, we have introduced a number of scripted original series. These series generally result in higher ratings for our networks. Among other things, higher audience ratings drive increased revenues through higher advertising revenues. The timing of exhibition and distribution of original programming varies from period to period, which results in greater variability in our revenues, earnings and cash flows from operating activities. We will continue to increase our investment in programming across all of our networks. There may be significant changes in the level of our technical and operating expenses due to the amortization of content acquisition and/or original programming costs and/or the impact of management's periodic assessment of programming usefulness. Such costs will also fluctuate with the level of revenues derived from owned original programming in each period as these costs are amortized based on the individual-film-forecast-computation method.
Most original series require us to make up-front investments, which are often significant amounts. Not all of our programming efforts are commercially successful, which could result in a write-off of program rights. If it is determined that programming rights have limited, or no, future programming usefulness based on actual demand or market conditions, a write-off of the unamortized cost is recorded in technical and operating expense. Program rights write-offs of $48.8 million, $47.7 million and $25.6 million were recorded for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively (see further discussion below).
See "— Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates" for a discussion of the amortization and write-off of program rights.
International and Other
Our International and Other segment primarily includes the operations of AMCNI, Levity, RLJE, IFC Films, our independent film distribution business and our subscription streaming services (i.e. Sundance Now and Shudder and Acorn TV and UMC from the date of acquisition of RLJE). The AMCNI – DMC business was sold on July 12, 2017.
In our International and Other segment, which accounted for 20% of our consolidated revenues for the year ended December 31, 2018, we earn revenue principally from the international distribution of programming and, to a lesser extent, the sale of advertising from our AMCNI programming networks. We also earn revenue from production services from Levity, revenues from our wholly-owned subscription streaming services Shudder and Sundance Now, as well as channels operated by RLJE; AcornTV and UMC, revenues from the distribution of content of IFC Films and RLJE, and Levity's operation of comedy venues. Distribution revenue primarily includes subscription fees paid by distributors or consumers to carry our programming networks or subscription-based streaming services and production services revenue generated from Levity. Our subscription revenues are generally based on either a per-subscriber fee or a fixed contractual annual fee, under multi-year affiliation agreements, which may provide for annual rate increases, and a monthly fee paid by a consumer for our subscription-based streaming services. Our production services revenues are based on master production agreements whereby a third-party engages us to produce content on its behalf. Production services revenues are recognized based on the percentage of cost incurred to total estimated cost of the contract. For the year ended December 31, 2018, distribution revenues represented 85% of the revenues of the International and Other segment. Most of these revenues are derived from the distribution of our programming networks primarily in Europe and to a lesser extent, Latin America. Our subscription streaming services are available in the United States, Canada, Latin America, parts of Europe, India, Australia and New Zealand.
Programming, program operating costs and production costs incurred to produce content for third parties are included in technical and operating expense, and represent the largest expense of the International and Other segment and primarily consist of amortization of acquired content, costs of dubbing and sub-titling of programs, production costs, participation and residual costs. Program operating costs include costs such as origination, transmission, uplinking and encryption of our linear AMCNI channels as well as content hosting and delivery costs at our various subscription-based streaming services. Not all of our programming efforts are commercially successful, which could result in a write-off of program rights. If it is determined that programming rights have limited, or no, future programming usefulness based on actual demand or market conditions, a write-off of the unamortized cost is recorded in technical and operating expense.
Similar to our domestic businesses, the most significant business challenges we expect to encounter in our international business include programming competition (from both foreign and domestic programmers), limited channel capacity on distributors' platforms, the number of subscribers on those platforms and economic pressures on subscription fees. Other significant business challenges unique to our international operations include increased programming costs for international rights and

34


translation (i.e. dubbing and subtitling), a lack of availability of international rights for a portion of our domestic programming content, increased distribution costs for cable, satellite or fiber feeds, a limited physical presence in certain territories, and our exposure to foreign currency exchange rate risk. See also the risk factors described under Item 1A, "Risk Factors - We face risks from doing business internationally." in this Annual Report.
The Company's 2016 results reflect an impairment charge of $67.8 million in connection with the sale of the Amsterdam-based media logistics facility, AMCNI – DMC. The Company completed the sale of AMCNI – DMC in 2017 and recognized a pre-tax loss of $11.0 million and an impairment charge of $17.1 million (see Note 4 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements).
Corporate Expenses
We allocate corporate overhead within operating expenses to each segment based upon its proportionate estimated usage of services. The segment financial information set forth below, including the discussion related to individual line items, does not reflect inter-segment eliminations unless specifically indicated.
Impact of Economic Conditions
Our future performance is dependent, to a large extent, on general economic conditions including the impact of direct competition, our ability to manage our businesses effectively, and our relative strength and leverage in the marketplace, both with suppliers and customers.
Capital and credit market disruptions could cause economic downturns, which may lead to lower demand for our products, such as lower demand for television advertising and a decrease in the number of subscribers receiving our programming networks from our distributors. Events such as these may adversely impact our results of operations, cash flows and financial position.

35


Consolidated Results of Operations
The amounts presented and discussed below represent 100% of each operating segment's revenues, net and expenses. Where we have management control of an entity, we consolidate 100% of such entity in our consolidated statements of operations notwithstanding that a third-party owns a significant interest in such entity. The noncontrolling owner's interest in the operating results of majority-owned subsidiaries are reflected in net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests in our consolidated statements of operations.
Year Ended December 31, 2018 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2017
The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
$ change
 
% change
Revenues, net
$
2,971,929

 
100.0
 %
 
$
2,805,691

 
100.0
 %
 
$
166,238

 
5.9
 %
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Technical and operating (excluding depreciation and amortization)
1,445,949

 
48.7

 
1,341,076

 
47.8

 
104,873

 
7.8

Selling, general and administrative
657,457

 
22.1

 
613,342

 
21.9

 
44,115

 
7.2

Depreciation and amortization
91,281

 
3.1

 
94,638

 
3.4

 
(3,357
)
 
(3.5
)
Impairment and related charges
4,486

 
0.2

 
28,148

 
1.0

 
(23,662
)
 
(84.1
)
Restructuring expense
45,847

 
1.5

 
6,128

 
0.2

 
39,719

 
n/m
Total operating expenses
2,245,020

 
75.5

 
2,083,332

 
74.3

 
161,688

 
7.8

Operating income
726,909

 
24.5

 
722,359

 
25.7

 
4,550

 
0.6
 %
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
(135,813
)
 
(4.6
)
 
(119,297
)
 
(4.3
)
 
(16,516
)
 
13.8

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

 
(3,004
)
 
(0.1
)
 
3,004

 
n/m
Miscellaneous, net
29,177

 
1.0

 
40,320

 
1.4

 
(11,143
)
 
(27.6
)
Total other income (expense)
(106,636
)
 
(3.6
)
 
(81,981
)
 
(2.9
)
 
(24,655
)
 
30.1

Net income from operations before income taxes
620,273

 
20.9

 
640,378

 
22.8

 
(20,105
)
 
(3.1
)
Income tax expense
(156,306
)
 
(5.3
)
 
(150,741
)
 
(5.4
)
 
(5,565
)
 
3.7

Net income including noncontrolling interests
463,967

 
15.6
 %
 
489,637

 
17.5
 %
 
(25,670
)
 
(5.2
)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(17,780
)
 
(0.6
)%
 
(18,321
)
 
(0.7
)%
 
541

 
(3.0
)
Net income attributable to AMC Networks' stockholders
$
446,187

 
15.0
 %
 
$
471,316

 
16.8
 %
 
$
(25,129
)
 
(5.3
)%


36


National Networks Segment Results
The following table sets forth our National Networks segment results for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
$ change
 
% change
Revenues, net
$
2,413,325

 
100.0
%
 
$
2,367,615

 
100.0
 %
 
$
45,710

 
1.9
%
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Technical and operating (excluding depreciation and amortization)
1,080,732

 
44.8

 
1,064,580

 
45.0

 
16,152

 
1.5

Selling, general and administrative
455,935

 
18.9

 
451,820

 
19.1

 
4,115

 
0.9

Depreciation and amortization
33,728

 
1.4

 
33,702

 
1.4

 
26

 
0.1

Restructuring expense (credit)
17,160

 
0.7

 
(53
)
 

 
17,213

 
n/m
Operating income
$
825,770

 
34.2
%
 
$
817,566

 
34.5
 %
 
$
8,204

 
1.0
%
Share-based compensation expense
48,621

 
2.0

 
43,697

 
1.8

 
4,924

 
11.3

Restructuring expense (credit)
17,160

 
0.7

 
(53
)
 

 
17,213

 
n/m
Depreciation and amortization
33,728

 
1.4

 
33,702

 
1.4

 
26

 
0.1

AOI
$
925,279

 
38.3
%
 
$
894,912

 
37.8
 %
 
$
30,367

 
3.4
%
International and Other Segment Results
The following table sets forth our International and Other segment results for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
$ change
 
% change
Revenues, net
$
598,306

 
100.0
 %
 
$
457,182

 
100.0
 %
 
$
141,124

 
30.9
 %
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Technical and operating (excluding depreciation and amortization)
392,793

 
65.7

 
289,238

 
63.3

 
103,555

 
35.8

Selling, general and administrative
201,611

 
33.7

 
161,573

 
35.3

 
40,038

 
24.8

Depreciation and amortization
57,553

 
9.6

 
60,936

 
13.3

 
(3,383
)
 
(5.6
)
Impairment and related charges
4,486

 
0.7

 
28,148

 
6.2

 
(23,662
)
 
(84.1
)
Restructuring expense
35,189

 
5.9

 
6,181

 
1.4

 
29,008

 
n/m
Operating loss
$
(93,326
)
 
(15.6
)%
 
$
(88,894
)
 
(19.4
)%
 
$
(4,432
)
 
5.0
 %
Share-based compensation expense
12,358

 
2.1

 
9,848

 
2.2

 
2,510

 
25.5

Restructuring expense
35,189

 
5.9

 
6,181

 
1.4

 
29,008

 
n/m
Impairment and related charges
4,486

 
0.7

 
28,148

 
6.2

 
(23,662
)
 
(84.1
)
Depreciation and amortization
57,553

 
9.6

 
60,936

 
13.3

 
(3,383
)
 
(5.6
)
Equity investees (>50% interest) AOI
3,043

 
0.5

 

 

 
3,043

 
n/m

AOI
$
19,303

 
3.2
 %
 
$
16,219

 
3.5
 %
 
$
3,084

 
19.0
 %


37


Revenues, net
Revenues, net increased $166.2 million to $3.0 billion for the year ended December 31, 2018 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2017. The net change by segment was as follows:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
2018
 
% of
total
 
2017
 
% of
total
 
$ change
 
% change
National Networks
$
2,413,325

 
81.2
 %
 
$
2,367,615

 
84.4
 %
 
$
45,710

 
1.9
%
International and Other
598,306

 
20.1

 
457,182

 
16.3

 
141,124

 
30.9

Inter-segment eliminations
(39,702
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(19,106
)
 
(0.7
)
 
(20,596
)
 
107.8

Consolidated revenues, net
$
2,971,929

 
100.0
 %
 
$
2,805,691

 
100.0
 %
 
$
166,238

 
5.9
%
National Networks
The increase in National Networks revenues, net was attributable to the following:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
2018
 
% of
total
 
2017
 
% of
total
 
$ change
 
% change
Advertising
$
944,675

 
39.1
%
 
$
959,551

 
40.5
%
 
$
(14,876
)
 
(1.6
)%
Distribution
1,468,650

 
60.9

 
1,408,064

 
59.5

 
60,586

 
4.3

 
$
2,413,325

 
100.0
%
 
$
2,367,615

 
100.0
%
 
$
45,710

 
1.9
 %
Advertising revenues decreased $14.9 million driven by a decrease of $47.2 million at AMC due to lower ratings, partially mitigated by pricing. The decrease at AMC was partially offset by increases at our other networks. Most of our advertising revenues vary based on the timing of our original programming series and the popularity of our programming as measured by Nielsen. Due to these factors, we expect advertising revenues to vary from quarter to quarter.
Distribution revenues increased $60.6 million due to an increase in subscription revenues of $52.2 million across all of our networks resulting from an increase in rates, partially offset by a slight decline in total subscribers. Content licensing revenues increased $8.4 million due to an increase in the number of original programs we distributed. Distribution revenues may vary based on the impact of renewals of affiliation agreements and content licensing revenues vary based on the timing of availability of our programming to distributors. Because of these factors, we expect distribution revenues to vary from quarter to quarter.
The following table presents certain subscriber information at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017:
 
Estimated Domestic Subscribers (1)
 
December 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
National Programming Networks:
 
 
 
AMC
89,000

 
90,500

WE tv
84,600

 
86,000

BBC AMERICA
80,900

 
80,600

IFC
75,100

 
74,200

SundanceTV
69,900

 
70,600

________________
(1)
Estimated U.S. subscribers as measured by Nielsen.

38


International and Other
The increase in International and Other revenues, net was attributable to the following:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
2018
 
% of
total
 
2017
 
% of
total
 
$ change
 
% change
Advertising
$
91,404

 
15.3
%
 
$
89,894

 
19.7
%
 
$
1,510

 
1.7
%
Distribution and other
506,902

 
84.7

 
367,288

 
80.3

 
139,614

 
38.0

 
$
598,306

 
100.0
%
 
$
457,182

 
100.0
%
 
$
141,124

 
30.9
%
The increase of $1.5 million in advertising revenues was principally due to the favorable impact of foreign currency translation of $1.2 million. Distribution revenues increased primarily due to a $134.9 million impact from the Levity and RLJE acquisitions, increases at our wholly-owned subscription streaming services of $9.3 million and an increase at IFC Films of $2.3 million. Foreign currency translation had a favorable impact to distribution revenue of $8.8 million which was offset by a decrease of $10.7 million due to the absence of revenue from the sale of AMCNI – DMC (sold in July 2017).
Technical and operating expense (excluding depreciation and amortization)
The components of technical and operating expense primarily include the amortization and write-offs of program rights, such as those for original programming, feature films and licensed series, participation and residual costs, distribution and production related costs and program delivery costs, such as transmission, encryption, hosting, and formatting.
Technical and operating expense (excluding depreciation and amortization) increased $104.9 million to $1.4 billion for 2018 as compared to 2017. The net change by segment was as follows:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
$ change
 
% change
National Networks
$
1,080,732

 
$
1,064,580

 
$
16,152

 
1.5
%
International and Other
392,793

 
289,238

 
103,555

 
35.8

Inter-segment eliminations
(27,576
)
 
(12,742
)
 
(14,834
)
 
116.4

Total
$
1,445,949

 
$
1,341,076

 
$
104,873

 
7.8
%
Percentage of revenues, net
48.7
%
 
47.8
%
 
 
 
 
National Networks
The increase in technical and operating expense was primarily attributable to an increase of $28.2 million in other direct programming costs which includes participation, development costs and delivery expenses, partially offset a decrease in program rights amortization expense of $12.0 million. Program rights amortization expense includes write-offs of $48.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 primarily based on management's assessment of programming usefulness of certain original programming and development costs at AMC and unscripted series at WE tv, as compared to program rights write-offs of $47.7 million primarily related to certain original programming and development costs at AMC for the year ended December 31, 2017.
There may be significant changes in the level of our technical and operating expenses due to content acquisition and/or original programming costs and/or the impact of management's periodic assessment of programming usefulness. Such costs will also fluctuate with the level of amortization recorded from owned original programming in each period based on the individual-film-forecast-computation method. As additional competition for programming increases and alternate distribution technologies continue to develop in the industry, costs for content acquisition and original programming may increase.
International and Other
The increase in the International and Other segment was primarily due to an $88.0 million impact from the Levity and RLJE acquisitions. In addition, technical and operating expense increased $10.3 million at our wholly-owned subscription streaming services (Shudder and Sundance Now) due to the continued investment in programming and an increase of $11.5 million at AMCNI due to the increased investment in content and other direct programming costs, partially offset by the absence of $7.0 million in costs related to AMCNI – DMC (sold in July 2017). Foreign currency translation had an unfavorable impact to the change in technical and operating expense of $4.9 million.

39


Selling, general and administrative expense
The components of selling, general and administrative expense primarily include sales, marketing and advertising expenses, administrative costs and costs of non-production facilities.
Selling, general and administrative expense increased $44.1 million to $657.5 million for 2018 as compared to 2017. The net change by segment was as follows:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
$ change
 
% change
National Networks
$
455,935

 
$
451,820

 
$
4,115

 
0.9
%
International and Other
201,611

 
161,573

 
40,038

 
24.8

Inter-segment eliminations
(89
)
 
(51
)
 
(38
)
 
74.5

Total
$
657,457

 
$
613,342

 
$
44,115

 
7.2
%
Percentage of revenues, net
22.1
%
 
21.9
%
 
 
 
 
National Networks
The increase in the National Networks segment selling, general and administrative expense was driven principally as a result of a $10.2 million increase in employee related costs and professional fees, partially offset by a decrease in sales and marketing related costs of $6.1 million related to timing of the promotion and marketing of original programming.
There may be significant changes in the level of our selling, general and administrative expense from quarter to quarter and year to year due to the timing of promotion and marketing of original programming series and subscriber retention marketing efforts.
International and Other
The increase in the International and Other segment was primarily due to a $41.4 million impact from the acquisitions of Levity and RLJE. In addition, increases in selling, general and administrative expense across the segment were offset by a decrease at AMCNI due to the absence of costs related to AMCNI – DMC (sold in July 2017), partially offset by an increase at IFC Films. Foreign currency translation had an unfavorable impact to the change in selling, general and administrative expense of $1.7 million.
Depreciation and amortization
Depreciation and amortization decreased $3.4 million to $91.3 million for 2018 as compared to 2017. The net change by segment was as follows:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
$ change
 
% change
National Networks
$
33,728

 
$
33,702

 
$
26

 
0.1
 %
International and Other
57,553

 
60,936

 
(3,383
)
 
(5.6
)
 
$
91,281

 
$
94,638

 
$
(3,357
)
 
(3.5
)%
The decrease in depreciation and amortization expense in the International and Other segment was attributable to a decrease in amortization expense of $4.2 million due the absence of a $9.0 million charge recorded in 2017 resulting from accelerated amortization of certain identifiable intangible assets at AMCNI, partially offset by an increase in amortization expense of $6.0 million from intangible assets related to the acquisitions of Levity and RLJE. The net decrease in amortization expense was partially offset by an increase in depreciation expense of $2.2 million as a result of the property and equipment acquired in connection with the acquisitions, as well as an increase of $3.9 million related to leasehold additions, partially offset by a decrease of $5.3 million due to the the absence of AMCNI – DMC (sold in July 2017). Foreign currency translation had an unfavorable impact to the change in depreciation and amortization of $0.8 million.
Impairment and related charges
In September 2018, in connection with the disposition of a business, AMCNI recognized a $4.4 million charge primarily related to program rights.
In July 2017, we completed the sale of our Amsterdam-based media logistics facility, AMCNI – DMC. In connection with the sale, we recognized an impairment charge of $17.1 million to reflect the AMCNI-DMC assets held for sale at fair value less estimated sale costs and an $11.0 million pre-tax loss on sale.

40


Restructuring expense
Restructuring expense of $45.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 related to (i) a restructuring plan commenced by management in September 2018 designed to reduce the cost structure of the Company and improve the organizational design of the Company through the elimination of certain roles and the re-alignment of certain senior leaders to new or additional responsibilities and (ii) the termination of distribution in certain territories at AMCNI. The components of the 2018 restructuring charge by segment was are follows:
 
2018 Restructuring Charge
(In thousands)
Restructuring
 Plan
 
Distribution
Exits
 
Total
National Networks
$
17,160

 
$

 
$
17,160

International and Other (a)
18,803

 
16,386

 
35,189

Inter-segment Eliminations

 
(6,502)

 
(6,502
)
 
$
35,963

 
$
9,884

 
$
45,847

(a) Restructuring expense in the International and Other segment includes $9.4 million related to corporate headquarters severance charges.
Restructuring expense of $6.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 related to charges incurred at the International and Other segment for corporate headquarters severance costs of $2.6 million and charges incurred at AMCNI related to costs associated with the termination of distribution in certain territories of $3.5 million.
Operating Income
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
$ change
 
% change
National Networks
$
825,770

 
$
817,566

 
$
8,204

 
1.0
 %
International and Other
(93,326
)
 
(88,894
)
 
(4,432
)
 
5.0

Inter-segment Eliminations
(5,535
)
 
(6,313)

 
778

 
(12.3
)
 
$
726,909

 
$
722,359

 
$
4,550

 
0.6
 %
The increase in operating income at the National Networks segment was primarily attributable to an increase in revenues of $45.7 million, partially offset by an increase in restructuring expense of $17.2 million, an increase in technical and operating expense of $16.2 million and an increase in selling, general and administrative expense of $4.1 million.
The increase in operating loss at the International and Other segment was primarily attributable to a net increase in expense of $5.3 million related to restructuring charges and impairment and other charges combined in 2018 as compared to 2017 (see discussion above) and a net operating loss of $2.8 million from Levity and RLJE. Depreciation and amortization decreased $11.6 million (excluding the impact of the acquisitions of Levity and RLJE) principally due to the accelerated amortization expense of $9.0 million recorded at AMCNI in 2017. Foreign currency translation had a favorable impact to the change in operating income of $2.7 million.
AOI
The following is a reconciliation of our consolidated operating income to consolidated AOI:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
$ change
 
% change
Operating income
$
726,909

 
$
722,359

 
$
4,550

 
0.6
 %
Share-based compensation expense
60,979

 
53,545

 
7,434

 
13.9

Restructuring expense
45,847

 
6,128

 
39,719

 
648.2

Impairment and related charges
4,486

 
28,148

 
(23,662
)
 
(84.1
)
Depreciation and amortization
91,281

 
94,638

 
(3,357
)
 
(3.5
)
Equity investees (>50% interest) AOI
3,043

 

 
3,043

 
n/m

Consolidated AOI
$
932,545

 
$
904,818

 
$
27,727

 
3.1
 %

41


AOI increased $27.7 million to $932.5 million for 2018 as compared to 2017. The net change by segment was as follows:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
$ change
 
% change
National Networks
$
925,279

 
$
894,912

 
$
30,367

 
3.4
%
International and Other
19,303

 
16,219

 
3,084

 
19.0

Inter-segment eliminations
(12,037
)
 
(6,313
)
 
(5,724
)
 
90.7

AOI
$
932,545

 
$
904,818

 
$
27,727

 
3.1
%
National Networks AOI increased due to an increase in revenues, net of $45.7 million, partially offset by an increase in technical and operating expenses of $16.2 million resulting primarily from an increase in other direct programming costs.
International and Other AOI increased due to an increase in revenues, net of $141.1 million, partially offset by an increase in technical and operating expenses of $103.6 million, an increase in selling, general and administrative expenses (excluding stock based compensation) of $38.3 million. The acquisitions of Levity and RLJE had a favorable impact on AOI of $8.4 million (which includes an increase of $3.0 million related to the AOI of greater than fifty percent owned equity method investees). Foreign currency translation had a favorable impact on AOI of approximately $4.4 million.
Interest expense, net
The increase in interest expense, net of $16.5 million from 2017 to 2018 was attributable an increase in interest expense of $21.0 million primarily resulting from the issuance of our $800 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.75% Senior Notes due 2025 on July 28, 2017, partially offset by an increase in interest income of $4.5 million principally due to interest income earned in 2018 (through the date of acquisition) on term loans entered into with RLJE in October 2016 and fuboTV in April 2018, and an increase in interest earned on cash balances due to an increase in interest rates compared to the same period in 2017.
Loss on extinguishment of debt
The loss on extinguishment of debt for the year ended December 31, 2017 of $3.0 million was primarily due to the write-off of a portion of unamortized deferred financing costs following the amendment of our Term Loan A Facility in July 2017.
Miscellaneous, net
The decrease in miscellaneous, net of $11.1 million was principally the result of a $21.8 million unfavorable variance in the foreign currency remeasurement of monetary assets and liabilities that are denominated in currencies other than the underlying functional currency of the applicable entity from both foreign currency transactions as well as intercompany loans and impairment charges of $13.5 million for the partial write-down of certain of our investments. Partially offsetting such decreases are an increase of $22.1 million in gains on derivative instruments principally due to the value of derivative instruments and warrants held related to RLJE (recorded through the date of acquisition) and an increase in the value of our marketable equity securities of $4.6 million primarily driven by a gain recorded through the date of acquisition in the fair market value of RLJE common shares held of $14.1 million, partially offset by a decrease in value of one of our marketable equity securities of $9.5 million. The gains recorded related to RLJE are driven by the increase in the fair value of RLJE common stock as a result of our agreement to acquire all the outstanding shares of RLJE for a purchase price of $6.25 per share (see further discussion below under heading "Other Matters").
Income tax expense
Income tax expense was $156.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, representing an effective tax rate of 25%. The effective tax rate differs from the federal statutory rate of 21% due primarily to tax expense of $16.4 million for an increase in valuation allowances for foreign taxes and U.S. foreign tax credits; state and local income tax expense of $11.5 million and a tax benefit of $12.8 million for the one-time rate change on deferred tax assets and liabilities that resulted from the extension of certain television production cost deductions included in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (enacted February 9, 2018) and return to provision adjustments.
Income tax expense was $150.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2017, representing an effective tax rate of 24%. The effective tax rate differs from the federal statutory rate of 35% due primarily to tax benefit of $67.9 million which represents the one-time impact of the change in the corporate tax rate on deferred tax assets and liabilities, tax benefit from the domestic production activities deduction of $19.3 million, tax benefit from foreign subsidiary earnings indefinitely reinvested outside of the U.S. of $4.6 million, tax benefit of $2.7 million resulting from an decrease in the valuation allowance relating primarily to foreign and local taxes, tax expense of $11.0 million resulting from the one-time transition tax on undistributed foreign earnings, net of foreign taxes deemed paid, state income tax expense of $9.5 million, and tax expense of $3.3 million related to uncertain tax positions, including accrued interest.

42


Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests consists of the noncontrolling parties' share of net earnings of consolidated joint ventures. The net change for the year ended December 31, 2018 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2017 is primarily due to a decrease in earnings attributable to certain international non-controlling interests.
Year Ended December 31, 2017 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2016
The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
$ change
 
% change
Revenues, net
$
2,805,691

 
100.0
 %
 
$
2,755,654

 
100.0
 %
 
$
50,037

 
1.8
 %
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Technical and operating (excluding depreciation and amortization)
1,341,076

 
47.8

 
1,279,984

 
46.4

 
61,092

 
4.8

Selling, general and administrative
613,342

 
21.9

 
636,028

 
23.1

 
(22,686
)
 
(3.6
)
Depreciation and amortization
94,638

 
3.4

 
84,778

 
3.1

 
9,860

 
11.6

Impairment and related charges
28,148

 
1.0

 
67,805

 
2.5

 
(39,657
)
 
(58.5
)
Restructuring expense
6,128

 
0.2

 
29,503

 
1.1

 
(23,375
)
 
(79.2
)
Total operating expenses
2,083,332

 
74.3

 
2,098,098

 
76.1

 
(14,766
)
 
(0.7
)
Operating income
722,359

 
25.7

 
657,556

 
23.9

 
64,803

 
9.9
 %
Other income (expense):
 
 


 
 
 

 

 

Interest expense, net
(119,297
)
 
(4.3
)
 
(118,568
)
 
(4.3
)
 
(729
)
 
0.6

Loss on extinguishment of debt
(3,004
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(50,639
)
 
(1.8
)
 
47,635

 
(94.1
)
Miscellaneous, net
40,320

 
1.4

 
(33,524
)
 
(1.2
)
 
73,844

 
(220.3
)
Total other income (expense)
(81,981
)
 
(2.9
)
 
(202,731
)
 
(7.4
)
 
120,750

 
(59.6
)
Net income from operations before income taxes
640,378

 
22.8

 
454,825

 
16.5

 
185,553

 
40.8

Income tax expense
(150,741
)
 
(5.4
)
 
(164,862
)
 
(6.0
)
 
14,121

 
(8.6
)
Net income including noncontrolling interests
489,637

 
17.5
 %
 
289,963

 
10.5
 %
 
199,674

 
68.9

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(18,321
)
 
(0.7
)%
 
(19,453
)
 
(0.7
)%
 
1,132

 
(5.8
)
Net income attributable to AMC Networks' stockholders
$
471,316

 
16.8
 %
 
$
270,510

 
9.8
 %
 
$
200,806

 
74.2
 %


43


National Networks Segment Results
The following table sets forth our National Networks segment results for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
$ change
 
% change
Revenues, net
$
2,367,615

 
100.0
 %
 
$
2,311,040

 
100.0
%
 
$
56,575

 
2.4
 %
Operating expenses:
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Technical and operating (excluding depreciation and amortization)
1,064,580

 
45.0

 
1,011,572

 
43.8

 
53,008

 
5.2

Selling, general and administrative
451,820

 
19.1

 
474,549

 
20.5

 
(22,729
)
 
(4.8
)
Depreciation and amortization
33,702

 
1.4

 
32,376

 
1.4

 
1,326

 
4.1

Restructuring (credit) expense
(53
)
 

 
8,516

 
0.4

 
(8,569
)
 
(100.6
)
Operating income
$
817,566

 
34.5
 %
 
$
784,027

 
33.9
%
 
$
33,539

 
4.3
 %
Share-based compensation expense
43,697

 
1.8

 
30,569

 
1.3

 
13,128

 
42.9

Restructuring (credit) expense
(53
)
 

 
8,516

 
0.4

 
(8,569
)
 
(100.6
)
Depreciation and amortization