485APOS 1 happy_485a.htm POST EFFECTIVE AMENDMENT happy_485a.htm

 
Filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on October 16, 2015

1933 Act Registration File No. 333-172080
1940 Act File No. 811-22525
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
 
FORM N-1A
 
REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
x
Pre-Effective Amendment No.
    o
Post-Effective Amendment No.
184
  x
 
and/or
 
REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940
x
Amendment No.
185
  x
 
(Check appropriate box or boxes.)

MANAGED PORTFOLIO SERIES
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)
 
615 East Michigan Street
Milwaukee, WI  53202
(Address of Principal Executive Offices, including Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code:  (414) 765-6802
 
James R. Arnold, President and Principal Executive Officer
Managed Portfolio Series
615 East Michigan Street
Milwaukee, WI  53202
(Name and Address of Agent for Service)
 
Copy to:
 
Thomas G. Sheehan, Esq.
Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson P.A.
100 Middle Street
P.O. Box 9729
Portland, ME 04104-5029

It is proposed that this filing will become effective (check appropriate box)
 
  o
immediately upon filing pursuant to paragraph (b)
  o
On (date) pursuant to paragraph (b)
  o
60 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)
  o
on (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)
  x
75 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)
  o
on (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of Rule 485.

If appropriate, check the following box:
 
  o
This post-effective amendment designates a new effective date for a previously filed post- effective amendment.
 

 
 
Subject to Completion October 16, 2015
The information in this Prospectus is not complete and may be changed.  We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission becomes effective.  This Prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.



[LOGO]

Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund

Investor Class
(Trading Symbol: […])

Institutional Class
(Trading Symbol: […])


Prospectus

December […], 2015








The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) has not approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this Prospectus is truthful or complete.  Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
 
 
 
Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund
A series of Managed Portfolio Series (the “Trust”)


TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Summary Section

 
Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund
 
Investment Objective
The Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund (the “Fund”) seeks long-term capital appreciation.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the Fund.

Shareholder Fees
(fees paid directly from your investment)
Investor
Class
Institutional
Class
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases
None
None
     
Annual Fund Operating Expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees
1.00%
1.00%
Distribution and Service (Rule 12b-1) Fees
0.25%
0.00%
Shareholder Servicing Plan Fees
0.15%
0.15%
Other Expenses (1)
0.57%
0.57%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
1.97%
1.72%
Fee Waiver and Expense Reimbursement(2)
(0.37)%
(0.37)%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waiver and Expense Reimbursement(2)
1.60%
1.35%
 
(1)  
Because the Fund is new, these expenses are based on estimated amounts for the Fund’s current fiscal year.
(2)  
Ruby Capital Partners LLP (the “Adviser”) has contractually  agreed to reduce its management fees, and may reimburse the Fund for its operating expenses, in order to ensure that Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses, brokerage commissions, leverage, interest, taxes and extraordinary expenses) do not exceed 1.60% of the average daily net assets of the Investor Class and 1.35% of the average daily net assets of the Institutional Class through at least [  ], 2017.  The Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement is in effect indefinitely and it can only be terminated with the Board’s consent.  Fees waived and expenses reimbursed by the Adviser may be recouped by the Adviser for a period of three fiscal years following the fiscal year during which such waiver or reimbursement was made if such recoupment can be achieved without exceeding the expense limit in effect at the time the waiver and reimbursement occurred.
 
Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the costs of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.  The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods.  The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same (taking into account the Expense Caps for one year).  Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions, your costs would be:

 
One Year
Three Years
Investor Class Shares
$163
$583
Institutional Class Shares
$137
$506

Portfolio Turnover
The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio).  A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account.  These costs, which are not reflected in the annual fund operating expenses or in the Example, affect the Fund’s performance.  As the Fund is new, it does not have any portfolio turnover as of the date of this Prospectus.

Principal Investment Strategies
Under normal market conditions, the Fund invests at least 80% of its net assets (plus any borrowings for investment purposes) in a diversified portfolio of publically-listed companies from around the world which the Adviser believes derive the majority of their revenues and/or profits from “Consumer Alpha™” goods or services.  The Consumer Alpha™ designation is based on the Adviser’s belief that consumers themselves drive the performance of the most enduringly successful products and companies.  Consumers buy products that make them happy.  Driven by basic desires – for health, beauty, status – they buy certain products repeatedly.  The Adviser believes that companies from the Consumer Alpha™ universe will generate a high rate of return over and above their cost of capital and will have the ability to compound this return over the long term through stable and growing revenues and high profit margins.
 
 

The types of domestic and foreign securities (including securities of companies in emerging markets) in which the Fund will generally invest include common stock, preferred stock, convertible securities, and initial public offerings (“IPOs”). As a part of its investment in foreign companies, the Fund may also invest in American Depository Receipts (“ADRs”) (which are dollar-denominated negotiable certificates issued by a U.S. bank representing a specified number of shares in a foreign stock that is traded on a U.S. exchange, with the underlying security held by a U.S. financial institution overseas) and Global Depository Receipts (“GDRs”) (which are bank certificates issued in more than one country for shares in a foreign company that are held by a foreign branch of an international bank and are offered for sale globally through the various bank branches).  The Fund’s investment horizon is long term.

The Fund may invest in derivatives to manage risk, seek particular portfolio exposure as a substitute for a comparable market position in the underlying exposure, and/or to enhance return.  Such derivatives include options, equity swap contracts, foreign currency swaps and forwards and combinations of these instruments.

The Adviser believes that companies which provide consumers with products that satisfy their pursuit of happiness are structurally advantaged in terms of resilient consumer demand and inelastic demand curves. As a result, through bottom-up analysis the Adviser seeks companies that have stable and growing revenues, high profit margins and attractive returns on capital.

Principal Risks
As with any mutual fund, there are risks to investing.  An investment in the Fund is not a deposit of a bank and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency.  Remember, in addition to possibly not achieving your investment goals, you could lose all or a portion of your investment in the Fund over short or even long periods of time.  The principal risks of investing in the Fund are:

General Market Risk. The Fund’s net asset value and investment return will fluctuate based upon changes in the value of its portfolio securities.  Certain securities selected for the Fund’s portfolio may be worth less than the price originally paid for them, or less than they were worth at an earlier time.

Management Risk.  The Fund may not meet its investment objective or may underperform investment vehicles with similar strategies if the Adviser cannot successfully implement the Fund’s investment strategies.

Equity Securities Risk.  The equity securities held in the Fund’s portfolio may experience sudden, unpredictable drops in value or long periods of decline in value.  This may occur because of factors that affect securities markets generally or factors affecting specific industries, sectors or companies in which the Fund invests.

Foreign Securities Risk.  Foreign companies involve risks not generally associated with investment in the securities of U.S. companies, including risks relating to political, social and economic developments abroad and differences between U.S. and foreign regulatory requirements and market practices, including fluctuations in foreign currencies.
 
 

Emerging Markets Risk. Emerging market countries are in the initial stages of industrialization and generally have low per capita income.  In addition to the risks of foreign investing generally, investments in emerging market countries have additional and heightened risks due to less stable legal, political, and business frameworks to support securities markets. Because of these risk factors, the Fund’s investments in emerging market countries are subject to greater price volatility and illiquidity than investments in developed foreign markets.

Currency Risk.  When the Fund buys or sells securities on a foreign stock exchange, the transaction is undertaken in the local currency rather than in U.S. dollars, which carries the risk that the value of the foreign currency will increase or decrease, which may impact the value of the Fund’s portfolio holdings and your investment.  Other countries may adopt economic policies and/or currency exchange controls that affect its currency valuations in a disadvantageous manner for U.S. investors and companies and restrict or prohibit the Fund’s ability to repatriate both investment capital and income, which could place the Fund’s assets at risk of total loss.  Currency risks may be greater in emerging and frontier market countries than in developed market countries.

ADR and GDR Risk.  ADRs and GDRs are generally subject to the same risks as foreign securities because their values depend on the performance of the underlying foreign securities.  Depository receipts may be purchased through “sponsored” or “unsponsored” facilities.  Holders of unsponsored depository receipts generally bear all the costs of such depository receipts, and the issuers of unsponsored depository receipts frequently are under no obligation to distribute shareholder communications received from the company that issues the underlying foreign securities or to pass through voting rights to the holders of the depository receipts.  As a result, there may not be a correlation between such information and the market values of unsponsored depository receipts.

Derivatives Risk. Derivatives can be highly volatile, illiquid and difficult to value, and changes in the value of a derivative held by the Fund may not correlate with the underlying instrument or the Fund’s other investments. Many of the risks applicable to trading the instruments underlying derivatives are also applicable to derivatives trading.

New Fund Risk.  The Fund has limited operating history and there can be no assurance that the Fund will grow to or maintain an economically viable size, in which case the Trust’s Board of Trustees (“Board of Trustees”) may determine to liquidate the Fund.

Adviser Risk. The Adviser has not previously managed a U.S. registered mutual fund and has only recently registered as an investment adviser with the SEC.

Performance
When the Fund has been in operation for a full calendar year, performance information will be shown here.  Until such time, inception-to-date performance information as of the end of most recently completed calendar quarter will be available on the Fund’s website at www.[...].com or by calling the Fund toll-free at 8XX-XXX-XXXX.  Performance information, when available, will provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year-to-year and by showing how the Fund’s average annual returns for certain periods compare with those of a broad measure of market performance.

Management
Investment Adviser
Ruby Capital Partners LLP (which goes by the trading name “Infusive Asset Management”) is the Fund’s investment adviser.
 
 

Portfolio Manager
Adam Lippman is the portfolio manager responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund.  Mr. Lippman has managed the Fund since its inception in [December 2015].

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares
You may purchase or redeem Fund shares on any day that the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) is open for business by written request via mail (Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund, c/o U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC, P.O. Box 701, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-0701), by wire transaction, by contacting the Fund by telephone at 8XX-XXX-XXX or through a financial intermediary.  The minimum initial and subsequent investment amounts are shown below.

 
Investor
Class
Institutional
Class
Minimum Initial Investment
$10,000
$100,000
Subsequent Minimum Investment
Any
Amount
$25,000
 
 
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions are taxable, and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are a tax-exempt organization or are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement such as a 401(k) plan.  Distributions on investments made through tax-advantaged arrangements may be taxed later upon withdrawal of assets from those accounts.

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries
If you purchase Fund shares through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank or financial advisor), the Fund and/or its Adviser may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services.  These payments may create conflicts of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment.  Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

Investment Objective, Strategies, Risks and Disclosure of Portfolio Holdings

 
Investment Objective
 
The Fund’s investment objective is long-term capital appreciation.  The investment objective is not fundamental and may be changed without the approval of the Fund’s shareholders upon 60 days’ prior written notice to shareholders.
 
Principal Investment Strategies
 
Under normal market conditions, the Fund invests at least 80% of its net assets (plus any borrowings for investment purposes) in a diversified portfolio of publically-listed companies from around the world which the Adviser believes derive the majority of their revenues and/or profits from “Consumer Alpha™” goods or services.  The Consumer Alpha™ designation is based on the Adviser’s belief that consumers themselves drive the performance of the most enduringly successful products and companies.  Consumers buy products that make them happy.  Driven by basic desires – for health, beauty, status – they buy certain products repeatedly.  The Adviser believes that companies from the Consumer Alpha™ universe will generate a high rate of return over and above their cost of capital and have the ability to compound this return over the long term through stable and growing revenues and high profit margins.
 
 

The types of domestic and foreign securities in which the Fund will generally invest include common stock, preferred stock, convertible securities, and initial public offerings (“IPOs”).  The Fund will also invest in companies from emerging foreign markets.  As a part of its investment in foreign companies, the Fund may also invest in American Depository Receipts (“ADRs”) (which are dollar-denominated negotiable certificates issued by a U.S. bank representing a specified number of shares in a foreign stock that is traded on a U.S. exchange, with the underlying security held by a U.S. financial institution overseas) and Global Depository Receipts (“GDRs”) (which are bank certificates issued in more than one country for shares in a foreign company that are held by a foreign branch of an international bank and are offered for sale globally through the various bank branches).  The Fund’s investment horizon is long term.

The Fund may invest in derivatives to manage risk, seek particular portfolio exposure as a substitute for a comparable market position in the underlying exposure, and/or to enhance return.  Such derivatives include options, equity swap contracts, foreign currency swaps and forwards and combinations of these instruments.

In seeking to achieve the investment objective, the Adviser seeks to understand the unique drivers behind the top performing consumer businesses.  The Adviser believes that companies which provide consumers with products that satisfy their pursuit of happiness are structurally advantaged in terms of resilient consumer demand and inelastic demand curves.  From an investment perspective, the Adviser believes that this usually manifests itself in stable and growing revenues, high profit margins and attractive returns on capital.  The Adviser believes that the best positioned Consumer Alpha™ companies they identify have the potential to deliver attractive shareholder returns over the long term and to consistently exceed performance targets.

What is “Consumer Alpha™”?
The Adviser believes that, in general, consumers buy products that make them happy.  Driven by basic desires – for health, beauty, status – they buy certain products over and over.  Consumer Alpha™ describes the highest-value niche of the consumer goods industry from an investment perspective.  This niche extends across the entire sector, and the linkage between these products is their ability to produce pleasure: both physiological and psychological.  The Adviser believes that companies that provide these products secure themselves the most stable source of demand over the long term.

Within the Consumer Alpha™ universe, the Adviser generates investment ideas through its bottom-up analysis into candidate securities.  The Adviser’s desktop research is accompanied and complemented by country visits and company meetings.  In generating investment ideas, the Adviser considers the following factors, amongst others: industry dynamics, business strengths and competitive advantages, financial metrics and rigorous valuation analysis.  Ideas must meet absolute investment criteria and also fit with the Fund’s portfolio in order to deliver the optimum risk-adjusted returns.  The Adviser then ranks and selects investment proposals according to its conviction in expected long-term returns, and also in relation to other holdings in order to deliver a well-diversified Fund portfolio.

Cash or Similar Investments and Temporary Strategies of the Fund.  At the Adviser’s discretion, the Fund may invest in high-quality, short-term debt securities and money market instruments for (i) temporary defensive purposes in response to adverse market, economic or political conditions and (ii) to retain flexibility in meeting redemptions, paying expenses, and identifying and assessing investment opportunities.  These short-term debt securities and money market instruments include cash, shares of other mutual funds, commercial paper, certificates of deposit, bankers’ acceptances, U.S. government securities, discount notes and repurchase agreements.  To the extent that the Fund invests in money market mutual funds for its cash position, there will be some duplication of expenses because the Fund will bear its pro rata portion of such money market funds’ management fees and operational expenses.  When investing for temporary defensive purposes, the Adviser may invest up to 100% of the Fund’s total assets in such instruments.  Taking a temporary defensive position may result in the Fund not achieving its investment objective.
 
 
 
Principal Risks of Investing in the Fund
 
Before investing in the Fund, you should carefully consider your own investment goals, the amount of time you are willing to leave your money invested, and the amount of risk you are willing to take.  Remember, in addition to possibly not achieving your investment goals, you could lose all or a portion of your investment in the Fund.  The principal risks of investing in the Fund are:

General Market Risk.  The net asset value of the Fund and investment return will fluctuate based upon changes in the value of its portfolio securities.  The market value of a security may move up or down, sometimes rapidly and unpredictably.  These fluctuations may cause a security to be worth less than the price originally paid for it, or less than it was worth at an earlier time.  Market risk may affect a single issuer, industry, sector of the economy or the market as a whole.  U.S. and international markets have experienced, and may continue to experience, volatility, which may increase risks associated with an investment in the Fund.  The market value of securities in which the Fund invests is based upon the market’s perception of value and is not necessarily an objective measure of the securities’ value.  In some cases, for example, the stock prices of individual companies have been negatively affected even though there may be little or no apparent degradation in the financial condition or prospects of the issuers.  Similarly, the debt markets have experienced substantially lower valuations, reduced liquidity, price volatility, credit downgrades, increased likelihood of default, and valuation difficulties.  As a result of this significant volatility, many of the following risks associated with an investment in the Fund may be increased.  Continuing market problems may have adverse effects on the Fund.

Management Risk.  The ability of the Fund to meet its investment objective is directly related to the Adviser’s investment strategies for the Fund.  The value of your investment in the Fund may vary with the effectiveness of the Adviser’s research, analysis and asset allocation among portfolio securities.  If the Adviser’s investment strategies do not produce the expected results, the value of your investment could be diminished or even lost entirely and the Fund could underperform other mutual funds with similar investment objectives.

Equity Securities Risk.  The Fund’s investments in equity securities are susceptible to general stock market fluctuations and to volatile increases and decreases in value as market confidence in and perceptions of their issuers change.  These investor perceptions are based on various and unpredictable factors including: expectations regarding government, economic, monetary and fiscal policies; inflation and interest rates; economic expansion or contraction; global or regional political, economic and banking crises; and factors affecting specific industries, sectors or companies in which the Fund invests.  The Fund’s net asset value and investment return will fluctuate based upon changes in the value of its portfolio securities.

Foreign Securities Risk.  The risks of investing in securities of foreign companies involves risks not generally associated with investments in securities of U.S. companies, including risks relating to political, social and economic developments abroad and differences between U.S. and foreign regulatory requirements and market practices.  Securities that are denominated in foreign currencies are subject to the further risk that the value of the foreign currency will fall in relation to the U.S. dollar and/or will be affected by volatile currency markets or actions of U.S. and foreign governments or central banks. Foreign securities may be subject to greater fluctuations in price than securities of U.S. companies because foreign markets may be smaller and less liquid than U.S. markets.

Emerging Markets Risk.  Emerging market countries are in the initial stages of industrialization and generally have low per capita income.  In addition to the risks of foreign investing generally, investments in emerging market countries have additional and heightened risks due to less stable legal, political, and business frameworks to support securities markets. These risks include smaller securities markets with low or nonexistent trading volume and greater illiquidity and price volatility; more restrictive national policies on foreign investment; less transparent and established taxation policies; higher rates and volatility of inflation; increased volatility in currency exchange rates; and more delays in settling portfolio transactions.  Because of these risk factors, the Fund’s investments in emerging market countries are subject to greater price volatility and illiquidity than investments in developed foreign markets.
 
 

Currency Risk.  When the Fund buys or sells securities on a foreign stock exchange, the transaction is undertaken in the local currency rather than in U.S. dollars.  In purchasing or selling local currency to execute transactions on foreign exchanges, the Fund will be exposed to the risk that the value of the foreign currency will increase or decrease, which may impact the value of the Fund’s portfolio holdings.  Some countries have, and may continue to adopt internal economic policies that affect their currency valuations in a manner that may be disadvantageous for U.S. investors or U.S. companies seeking to do business in those countries.  In addition, a country may impose formal or informal currency exchange controls.  These controls may restrict or prohibit the Fund’s ability to repatriate both investment capital and income, which could undermine the value of the Fund’s portfolio holdings and potentially place the Fund’s assets at risk of total loss.  Currency risks may be greater in emerging and frontier market countries than in developed market countries.

ADR and GDR Risk.  ADRs and GDRs are generally subject to the same risks as foreign securities because their values depend on the performance of the underlying foreign securities.  Depository receipts may be purchased through “sponsored” or “unsponsored” facilities.  A sponsored facility is established jointly by the issuer of the underlying security and a depository, whereas a depository may establish an unsponsored facility without participation by the issuer of the depository security. Holders of unsponsored depository receipts generally bear all the costs of such depository receipts, and the issuers of unsponsored depository receipts frequently are under no obligation to distribute shareholder communications received from the company that issues the underlying foreign securities or to pass through voting rights to the holders of the depository receipts.  As a result, there may not be a correlation between such information and the market values of unsponsored depository receipts.

Derivatives Risk.  The Fund may utilize derivatives such as options, equity swap contracts, foreign currency forwards and combinations of these instruments.  Many of the risks applicable to trading the instruments underlying derivatives are also applicable to derivatives trading.  However, there are additional risks associated with derivatives trading that may be greater than the risks associated with investing directly in the underlying instruments.  Investing in derivatives may involve the use of highly specialized instruments that require investment techniques and risk analyses different from those associated with other investments.  Derivatives can be highly volatile, illiquid and difficult to value, and changes in the value of a derivative held by the Fund may not correlate with the underlying instrument or the Fund’s other investments.  Additional risks include, but are not limited to the possible default of the counterparty to the transaction, illiquidity of the derivative investments or leverage risk.  Furthermore, the ability to successfully use these techniques depends on the Adviser’s ability to predict pertinent market movements, which cannot be assured.  Additionally, amounts paid by the Fund as premiums and cash, or other assets segregated as collateral with respect to derivatives, are not otherwise freely available for investment purposes.  There can be no assurance that regulation of derivative instruments and markets will not have a material adverse effect on the Fund or will not impair the ability of the Fund to implement certain derivative strategies or to achieve its investment objective.

New Fund Risk.  The Fund has limited operating history and there can be no assurance that the Fund will grow to or maintain an economically viable size, in which case the Board of Trustees may determine to liquidate the Fund.  Liquidation of a Fund can be initiated without shareholder approval by the Trust’s Board of Trustees if it determines it is in the best interest of shareholders.  As a result, the timing of any Fund liquidation may not be favorable to certain individual shareholders.
 
 

Adviser Risk. The Adviser has not previously managed a U.S. registered mutual fund and has only recently registered with the SEC as an investment adviser.
 
Portfolio Holdings
 
A description of the Fund’s policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of the Fund’s portfolio holdings is available in the Statement of Additional Information (“SAI”).

Management of the Fund

 
Investment Adviser
 
The Fund has entered into an investment advisory agreement (“Advisory Agreement”) with Ruby Capital Partners LLP (“Ruby Capital”), located at 15-16 Seymour Mews London W1H 6BG, United Kingdom.  Established in 2005, the Adviser became a SEC-registered investment adviser in 2015 and provides investment advisory services to the Fund.  The Adviser is owned by Infusive Limited, a company incorporated in the United Kingdom, and goes by the trading name of Infusive Asset Management (“Infusive”).  Under the Advisory Agreement, the Adviser manages the Fund’s investments subject to the supervision of the Board of Trustees.

The Adviser has overall supervisory responsibility for the general management and investment of the Fund’s securities portfolio.  The Adviser also furnishes the Fund with office space and certain administrative services and provides most of the personnel needed to fulfill its obligations under its advisory agreement.  For its services, the Fund pays the Adviser a monthly management fee that is calculated at the annual rate of 1.00% of the Fund’s average daily net assets.

Fund Expenses.  The Fund is responsible for its own operating expenses.  Pursuant to an Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Adviser and the Fund, the Adviser has agreed to reduce its management fees, and may reimburse the Fund for its operating expenses, in order to ensure that Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses, brokerage commissions, leverage, interest, taxes and extraordinary expenses) do not exceed 1.60% of the average daily net assets of the Investor Class and 1.35% of the average daily net assets of the Institutional Class through at least […], 2017.  The Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement is in effect indefinitely and it can only be terminated with the Board’s consent.  Fees waived and expenses reimbursed by the Adviser may be recouped by the Adviser for a period of three fiscal years following the fiscal year during which such waiver or reimbursement was made if such recoupment can be achieved without exceeding the expense limit in effect at the time the waiver and reimbursement occurred.

A discussion regarding the basis of the Board of Trustees’ approval of the Advisory Agreement will be available in the Fund’s first semi-annual report to shareholders for the period ending […], 2016.

The Fund, as a series of the Trust, does not hold itself out as related to any other series of the Trust for purposes of investment and investor services, nor does it share the same investment adviser with any other series of the Trust.
 
Portfolio Manager
 
Adam Lippman
Mr. Lippman has 15 years of professional investment experience.  Prior to joining Infusive in January 2014, he was a senior trader in New York for Camomille International, a Singapore-based asset and management company from 2011 to 2013 and at Persistency Capital, an international investment firm in New York, from 2006 to 2011.  From 2000 to 2006, Mr. Lippman was with Pershing LLC as an equity trader, first on the NASDAQ desk followed by the OTC Bulletin Board desk.  He holds a degree in Finance from Indiana University’s Kelley School of Business.
 
 

The Fund’s SAI provides additional information about the portfolio manager’s compensation, other accounts managed by the portfolio manager and the portfolio manager’s ownership of Fund shares.

Shareholder Information

 
Pricing of Fund Shares
 
The price of each class of the Fund’s shares is its net asset value (“NAV”).  The NAV of each class of shares is calculated by dividing the total assets of each class, less the liabilities of each class, by the number of shares outstanding of each class.  The NAV of each class is calculated at the close of regular trading of the NYSE, which is generally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time.  The NAV of each class will not be calculated nor may investors purchase or redeem Fund shares on days that the NYSE is closed for trading, even though certain Fund securities (i.e., foreign or debt securities) may trade on days the NYSE is closed, and such trading may materially affect the NAV of each class of the Fund’s shares.

The Fund’s assets are generally valued at their market price using valuations provided by independent pricing services. Fixed income securities with remaining maturities of 60 days or less are valued at amortized cost.  When market quotations are not readily available, a security or other asset is valued at its fair value as determined under fair value pricing procedures approved by the Board of Trustees.  These fair value pricing procedures will also be used to price a security when corporate events, events in the securities market and/or world events cause the Adviser to believe that a security’s last sale price may not reflect its actual market value.  The intended effect of using fair value pricing procedures is to ensure that the Fund is accurately priced.  The Board of Trustees will regularly evaluate whether the Fund’s fair value pricing procedures continue to be appropriate in light of the specific circumstances of the Fund and the quality of prices obtained through the application of such procedures by the Trust’s valuation committee.

When fair value pricing is employed, the prices of securities used by the Fund to calculate its NAV may differ from quoted or published prices for the same securities.  Due to the subjective and variable nature of fair value pricing, it is possible that the fair value determined for a particular security may be materially different (higher or lower) than the price of the security quoted or published by others or the value when trading resumes or realized upon its sale.  Therefore, if a shareholder purchases or redeems Fund shares when the Fund holds securities priced at a fair value, the number of shares purchased or redeemed may be higher or lower than it would be if the Fund was using market value pricing.

In the case of foreign securities, the occurrence of certain events after the close of foreign markets, but prior to the time the Fund’s NAV is calculated (such as a significant surge or decline in the U.S. or other markets) often will result in an adjustment to the trading prices of foreign securities when foreign markets open on the following business day.  If such events occur, the Fund will value foreign securities at fair value, taking into account such events, in calculating the NAV.  In such cases, use of fair valuation can reduce an investor’s ability to seek to profit by estimating the Fund’s NAV in advance of the time the NAV is calculated.  The Fund’s investments in smaller or medium capitalization companies are more likely to require a fair value determination because they may be more thinly traded and less liquid than securities of larger companies.  It is anticipated that the Fund’s portfolio holdings will be fair valued only if market quotations for those holdings are unavailable or considered unreliable.
 
 
 
How to Purchase Fund Shares
 
Shares of the Fund are purchased at the next NAV per share calculated after your purchase order is received in good order by the Fund (as defined below). Shares may be purchased directly from the Fund or through a financial intermediary, including but not limited to, certain brokers, financial planners, financial advisors, banks, insurance companies, retirement, benefit and pension plans or certain packaged investment products.

Shares of the Fund have not been registered and are not offered for sale outside of the United States.  The Fund generally does not sell shares to investors residing outside the United States, even if they are United States citizens or lawful permanent residents, except to investors with United States military APO or FPO addresses or in certain other circumstances where the Chief Compliance Officer and Anti-Money Laundering Officer for the Trust conclude that such sale is appropriate and is not in contravention of United States law.

A service fee, currently $25, as well as any loss sustained by the Fund, will be deducted from a shareholder’s account for any purchases that do not clear.  The Fund and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC, the Fund’s transfer agent (the “Transfer Agent”), will not be responsible for any losses, liability, cost or expense resulting from rejecting any purchase order.  Your order will not be accepted until a completed account application (an “Account Application”) is received by the Fund or the Transfer Agent.

Investment Minimums.  The minimum initial investment amount is $10,000 for the Investor Class shares and $100,000 for the Institutional Class shares.  The minimum investment amount for subsequent investments for the Institutional Class shares is $25,000; any amount may be subsequently invested in the Investor Class shares.  The Fund reserves the right to waive the minimum initial investment or minimum subsequent investment amounts at its discretion.  Shareholders will be given at least 30 days’ written notice of any increase in the minimum dollar amount of initial or subsequent investments.

Purchases through Financial Intermediaries.  For share purchases through a financial intermediary, you must follow the procedures established by your financial intermediary.  Your financial intermediary is responsible for sending your purchase order and payment to the Fund’s Transfer Agent.  Your financial intermediary holds the shares in your name and receives all confirmations of purchases and sales from the Fund.  Your financial intermediary may charge for the services that they provide to you in connection with processing your transaction order or maintaining an account with them.

If you place an order for the Fund’s shares through a financial intermediary that is authorized by the Fund to receive purchase and redemption orders on its behalf (an “Authorized Intermediary”), your order will be processed at the NAV next calculated after receipt by the Authorized Intermediary, consistent with applicable laws and regulations.  Authorized Intermediaries are authorized to designate other Authorized Intermediaries to receive purchase and redemption orders on the Fund’s behalf.

If your financial intermediary is not an Authorized Intermediary, your order will be processed at the NAV next calculated after the Transfer Agent receives your order from your financial intermediary.  Your financial intermediary must agree to send to the Transfer Agent immediately available funds in the amount of the purchase price in accordance with the Transfer Agent’s procedures.  If payment is not received within the time specified, the Transfer Agent may rescind the transaction and your financial intermediary will be held liable for any resulting fees or losses.  Financial intermediaries that are not Authorized Intermediaries may set cut-off times for the receipt of orders that are earlier than the cut-off times established by the Fund.
 
 

Purchase Requests Must be Received in Good Order
Your share price will be the next applicable price per share calculated after the Transfer Agent or your Authorized Intermediary receives your purchase request in good order.  “Good order” generally means that your purchase request includes:

·
The name of the Fund;
·
The class of shares to be purchased;
·
The dollar amount of shares to be purchased;
·
Your account application or investment stub; and
·
A check payable to the name of the Fund or a wire transfer received by the Fund.

An Account Application to purchase Fund shares is subject to acceptance by the Fund and is not binding until so accepted.  The Fund reserves the right to reject any Account Application or to reject any purchase order if, in its discretion, it is in the Fund’s best interest to do so.  For example, a purchase order may be refused if it appears so large that it would disrupt the management of the Fund.  Purchases may also be rejected from persons believed to be “market-timers,” as described under “Tools to Combat Frequent Transactions,” below.  Accounts opened by entities, such as credit unions, corporations, limited liability companies, partnerships or trusts, will require additional documentation.  Please note that if any information listed above is missing, your Account Application will be returned and your account will not be opened.

Upon acceptance by the Fund, all purchase requests received in good order before the close of the NYSE (generally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time) will be processed at the applicable price next calculated after receipt.  Purchase requests received after the close of the NYSE (generally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time) will be priced on the next business day.

Purchase by Mail.  To purchase Fund shares by mail, simply complete and sign the Account Application and mail it, along with a check made payable to the Fund:

Regular Mail
Overnight or Express Mail
Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund
Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund
c/o U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC
c/o U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC
P.O. Box 701
615 East Michigan Street, 3rd Floor
Milwaukee, WI 53201-0701
Milwaukee, WI 53202

The Fund does not consider the U.S. Postal Service or other independent delivery services to be its agents.  Therefore, deposit in the mail or with such services, or receipt at the U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC post office box, of purchase orders or redemption requests does not constitute receipt by the Transfer Agent of the Fund.  All purchase checks must be in U.S. dollars drawn on a domestic financial institution.  The Fund will not accept payment in cash or money orders.  To prevent check fraud, the Fund will not accept third party checks, Treasury checks, credit card checks, traveler’s checks or starter checks for the purchase of shares.  The Fund is unable to accept post-dated checks or any conditional order or payment.  The transfer agent will charge a $25 fee against a shareholder’s account, in addition to any loss sustained by the Fund, for any payment that is returned.
 
 

Purchase by Wire.  If you are making your first investment in the Fund, before you wire funds the Transfer Agent must have a completed Account Application.  You can mail or use an overnight service to deliver your Account Application to the Transfer Agent at the above address.  Upon receipt of your completed Account Application, the Transfer Agent will establish an account for you.  Once your account has been established, you may instruct your bank to send the wire.  Prior to sending the wire, please call the Transfer Agent at 8XX-XXX-XXXX to advise them of the wire and to ensure proper credit upon receipt.  Your bank must include the name of the Fund, your name and your account number so that your wire can be correctly applied.  Your bank should transmit immediately available funds by wire to:
 
  Wire to: U.S. Bank, N.A.
  ABA Number:   075000022
  Credit:  U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC
  Account:  112-952-137
  Further Credit:  Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund
    (Shareholder Name/Account Registration)
    (Shareholder Account Number)
    (Class of shares to be purchased)
 
Wired funds must be received prior to the close of the NYSE (generally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time) to be eligible for same day pricing.  The Fund and U.S. Bank N.A., the Fund’s custodian, are not responsible for the consequences of delays resulting from the banking or Federal Reserve wire system, or from incomplete wiring instructions.

Investing by Telephone. You may not make initial purchases of Fund shares by telephone. If you have accepted telephone transactions on your Account Application or have been authorized to perform telephone transactions by subsequent arrangement in writing with the Fund and your account has been open for at least 15 days, you may purchase additional shares by telephoning the Fund toll free at 8XX-XXX-XXXX.  This option allows investors to move money from their bank account to their Fund account upon request.  Only bank accounts held at domestic financial institutions that are Automated Clearing House (“ACH”) members may be used for telephone transactions.  If your order is received prior to the close of the NYSE (generally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time), shares will be purchased in your account at the price determined on the day your order is placed.  Shareholders may encounter higher than usual call waiting times during periods of high market activity.  Please allow sufficient time to place your telephone transaction.  The Fund is not responsible for delays due to communications or transmission outages or failure.

Subsequent Investments. Subject to the minimum subsequent investment amount described above, you may add to your account at any time by purchasing shares by mail, by telephone or by wire.  You must call to notify the Fund at 8XX-XXX-XXXX before wiring.  An investment stub, which is attached to your individual account statement, should accompany any investments made through the mail.  All subsequent purchase requests must include your shareholder account number.

Automatic Investment Plan.  For your convenience, the Fund offers an Automatic Investment Plan (“AIP”).  Under the AIP, after your initial investment, you may authorize the Fund to withdraw automatically from your personal checking or savings account an amount that you wish to invest, which must be at least $100 on a monthly or quarterly basis.  In order to participate in the AIP, your bank must be a member of the ACH network.  If you wish to enroll in the AIP, complete the appropriate section in the Account Application.  The Fund may terminate or modify this privilege at any time.  You may terminate your participation in the AIP at any time by notifying the Transfer Agent five days prior to the effective date.  A fee will be charged if your bank does not honor the AIP draft for any reason.
 
 

Anti-Money Laundering Program.  The Trust has established an Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Program (the “Program”) as required by the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (the “USA PATRIOT Act”) and related anti-money laundering laws and regulations.  To ensure compliance with these laws, the Account Application asks for, among other things, the following information for all “customers” seeking to open an “account” (as those terms are defined in rules adopted pursuant to the USA PATRIOT Act):

·
Full name;
·
Date of birth (individuals only);
·
Social Security or taxpayer identification number; and
·
Permanent street address (a P.O. Box number alone is not acceptable).

In compliance with the USA PATRIOT Act and other applicable anti-money laundering laws and regulations, the Transfer Agent will verify the information on your application as part of the Program.  The Fund reserves the right to request additional clarifying information and may close your account if such clarifying information is not received by the Fund within a reasonable time of the request or if the Fund cannot form a reasonable belief as to your true identity.  If you require additional assistance when completing your application, please contact the Transfer Agent at 8XX-XXX-XXXX.

Cancellations or Modifications.  The Fund will not accept a request to cancel or modify a transaction once processing has begun.  Please exercise care when placing a transaction request.
 
How to Redeem Fund Shares
 
In general, orders to sell or “redeem” shares may be placed directly with the Fund or through a financial intermediary.  You may redeem all or part of your investment in the Fund’s shares on any business day that the Fund calculates its NAV.

However, if you originally purchased your shares through a broker-dealer or financial intermediary, your redemption order must be placed with the same financial intermediary in accordance with their established procedures.  Your financial intermediary is responsible for sending your order to the Transfer Agent and for crediting your account with the proceeds.  Your financial intermediary may charge for the services that they provide to you in connection with processing your transaction order or maintaining an account with them.

Shareholders who have an IRA or other retirement plan must indicate on their redemption request whether to withhold federal income tax.  Redemption requests failing to indicate an election not to have tax withheld will generally be subject to 10% withholding.

Payment of Redemption Proceeds.  You may redeem your Fund shares at a price equal to the NAV per share next determined after the Transfer Agent or an Authorized Intermediary receives your redemption request in good order.  Your redemption request cannot be processed on days the NYSE is closed.  All requests received by the Fund in good order after the close of the regular trading session of the NYSE (generally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time) will usually be processed on the next business day.
 
 
 
A redemption request will generally be deemed in “good order” if it includes:

·
The shareholder’s name;
·
The name of the Fund;
·
The class of shares to be redeemed;
·
The account number;
·
The share or dollar amount to be redeemed; and
·
Signatures by all shareholders on the account and signature guarantee(s), if applicable.

Additional documents are required for certain types of redemptions, such as redemptions from accounts held by credit unions, corporations, limited liability companies, or partnerships, or from accounts with executors, trustees, administrators or guardians.  Please contact the Transfer Agent to confirm the requirements applicable to your specific redemption request.  Redemption requests that do not have the required documentation will be rejected.

While redemption proceeds may be paid by check sent to the address of record, the Fund is not responsible for interest lost on such amounts due to lost or misdirected mail.  Redemption proceeds may be wired to your pre-established bank account or proceeds may be sent via electronic funds transfer through the ACH network using the bank instructions previously established for your account.  Redemption proceeds will typically be sent on the business day following your redemption.  Wires are subject to a $15 fee.  There is no charge to have proceeds sent via ACH; however, funds are typically credited to your bank within two to three days after redemption.  Except as set forth below, proceeds will be paid within seven calendar days after the Fund receives your redemption request.  The Fund reserves the right to suspend or postpone redemptions as permitted pursuant to Section 22(e) of the 1940 Act and as described below.

Please note that if the Transfer Agent has not yet collected payment for the shares you are redeeming, it may delay sending the proceeds until the payment is collected, which may take up to 12 calendar days from the purchase date.  Furthermore, there are certain times when you may be unable to sell Fund shares or receive proceeds.  Specifically, the Fund may suspend the right to redeem shares or postpone the date of payment upon redemption for more than seven calendar days: (1) for any period during which the NYSE is closed (other than customary weekend or holiday closings) or trading on the NYSE is restricted; (2) for any period during which an emergency exists as a result of which disposal by the Fund of securities owned by it is not reasonably practicable or it is not reasonably practicable for the Fund to fairly determine the value of its net assets; or (3) for such other periods as the SEC may by order permit for the protection of shareholders.  Your ability to redeem shares by telephone will be restricted for 15 days after you change your address.  You may change your address at any time by telephone or written request, addressed to the Transfer Agent.  Confirmations of an address change will be sent to both your old and new address.

Signature Guarantee.  Redemption proceeds will be sent to the address of record.  The Transfer Agent may require a signature guarantee for certain redemption requests.  A signature guarantee assures that your signature is genuine and protects you from unauthorized account redemptions.  Signature guarantees can be obtained from banks and securities dealers, but not from a notary public.  A signature guarantee, from either a Medallion program member or a non-Medallion program member, is required of each owner in the following situations:

·
If ownership is being changed on your account;
·
When redemption proceeds are payable or sent to any person, address or bank account not on record;
·
If a change of address request has been received by the Transfer Agent within the last 15 calendar days; and
·
For all redemptions in excess of $100,000 from any shareholder account.
 
 
 
Non-financial transactions, including establishing or modifying the ability to purchase and redeem Fund shares by telephone and certain other services on an account, may require a signature guarantee, signature verification from a Signature Validation Program member, or other acceptable form of authentication from a financial institution source.

In addition to the situations described above, the Fund and/or the Transfer Agent reserve the right to require a signature guarantee or other acceptable signature verification in other instances based on the circumstances relative to the particular situation.

Redemption by Mail.  You can execute most redemptions by furnishing an unconditional written request to the Fund to redeem your shares at the current NAV per share.  Redemption requests in writing should be sent to the Transfer Agent at:

Regular Mail
Overnight or Express Mail
Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund
Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund
c/o U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC
c/o U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC
P.O. Box 701
615 East Michigan Street, 3rd Floor
Milwaukee, WI  53201-0701
Milwaukee, WI  53202

The Fund does not consider the U.S. Postal Service or other independent delivery services to be its agents. Therefore, deposit in the mail or with such services, or receipt at the U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC post office box, of purchase or redemption requests does not constitute receipt by the Transfer Agent of the Fund.

Wire Redemption.  Wire transfers may be arranged to redeem shares.  However, the Transfer Agent charges a fee, currently $15, per wire redemption against your account on dollar specific trades, and from proceeds on complete redemptions and share-specific trades.

Telephone Redemption.  If you have accepted telephone transactions on your Account Application or have been authorized to perform telephone transactions by subsequent arrangement in writing with the Fund, you may redeem shares, in amounts of $100,000 or less, by instructing the Fund by telephone at 8XX-XXX-XXXX.  A signature guarantee, signature verification from a Signature Validation Program member, or other acceptable form of authentication from a financial institution source may be required of all shareholders in order to qualify for or to change telephone redemption privileges on an existing account.  Telephone redemptions will not be made if you have notified the Transfer Agent of a change of address within 15 days before the redemption request.  If you have a retirement account, you may not redeem shares by telephone.  Shareholders may encounter higher than usual call waiting times during periods of high market activity.  Please allow sufficient time to place your telephone transaction.  The Fund is not responsible for delays due to communication or transmission outages or failures.

Note:  Neither the Fund nor any of its service providers will be liable for any loss or expense in acting upon instructions that are reasonably believed to be genuine.  To confirm that all telephone instructions are genuine, the Fund will use reasonable procedures, such as requesting that you correctly state:

·
Your Fund account number;
·
The name in which your account is registered; and/or
·
The Social Security or taxpayer identification number under which the account is registered.

If an account has more than one owner or person authorized to perform transactions, the Fund will accept telephone instructions from any one owner or authorized person.
 
 

Systematic Withdrawal Program.  The Fund offers a systematic withdrawal plan (the “SWP”) whereby shareholders or their representatives may request a redemption in a specific dollar amount be sent to them each month, calendar quarter or annually.  Investors may choose to have a check sent to the address of record, or proceeds may be sent to a pre-designated bank account via the ACH network.  To start this program, your account must have Fund shares with a value of at least $10,000, and the minimum payment amount is $100.  This program may be terminated or modified by the Fund at any time.  Any request to change or terminate your SWP should be communicated in writing or by telephone to the Transfer Agent no later than five days before the next scheduled withdrawal.  A withdrawal under the SWP involves redemption of Fund shares, and may result in a gain or loss for federal income tax purposes.  In addition, if the amount requested to be withdrawn exceeds the amount available in your account, which includes any dividends credited to your account, the account will ultimately be depleted.  To establish the SWP, complete the SWP section of the Account Application.  Please call 8XX-XXX-XXXX for additional information regarding the SWP.

The Fund’s Right to Redeem an Account.  The Fund reserves the right to redeem the shares of any shareholder whose account balance is less than $2,500, other than as a result of a decline in the NAV of the Fund.  The Fund will provide a shareholder with written notice 30 days prior to redeeming the shareholder’s account.

Redemption-in-Kind.  The Fund generally pays redemption proceeds in cash.  However, under unusual conditions that make the payment of cash unwise (and for the protection of the Fund’s remaining shareholders), the Fund may pay all or part of a shareholder’s redemption proceeds in portfolio securities with a market value equal to the redemption price (redemption-in-kind).

Specifically, if the amount you are redeeming from the Fund during any 90-day period is in excess of the lesser of $250,000 or 1% of the Fund’s net assets, valued at the beginning of such period, the Fund has the right to redeem your shares by giving you the amount that exceeds $250,000 or 1% of the Fund’s net assets in securities instead of cash.  If the Fund pays your redemption proceeds by a distribution of securities, you could incur taxes, brokerage commissions or other charges in converting the securities to cash, and you may incur a taxable capital gain or loss as a result of the distribution.  In addition, you will bear any market risks associated with such securities until they are converted into cash.  .

Cancellations and Modifications.  The Fund will not accept a request to cancel or modify a transaction once processing has begun.  Please exercise care when placing a transaction request.
 
Dividends and Distributions
 
The Fund will make distributions of net investment income and net capital gains, if any, at least annually, typically during the month of December.  The Fund may make additional distributions if deemed to be desirable at another time during the year.

All distributions will be reinvested in Fund shares unless you choose one of the following options: (1) receive distributions of net capital gains in cash, while reinvesting net investment income distributions in additional Fund shares; (2) receive all distributions in cash; or (3) reinvest net capital gain distributions in additional Fund shares, while receiving distributions of net investment income in cash.

If you wish to change your distribution option, notify the Transfer Agent in writing or by telephone at 855-XXX-XXXX in advance of the payment date of the distribution..  However, any such change will be effective only as to distributions for which the record date is five or more business days after the Transfer Agent has received your request.
 
 

If you elect to receive distributions in cash and the U.S. Postal Service is unable to deliver your check, or if a check remains uncashed for six months, the Fund reserves the right to reinvest the distribution check in your account at the Fund’s then current NAV per share and to reinvest all subsequent distributions.
 
Description of Classes
 
The Trust has adopted a multiple class plan that allows the Fund to offer one or more classes of shares of the Fund.  The Fund offers two classes of shares – Investor Class and Institutional Class.  This Prospectus offers both the Investor Class and Institutional Class.  The different classes of shares represent investments in the same portfolio of securities, but the classes are subject to different expenses.

Investor Class shares are charged a 0.25% Rule 12b-1 distribution and service fee.

Institutional Class shares are not subject to a Rule 12b-1 distribution and service fee.
 
Tools to Combat Frequent Transactions

The Fund is intended for long-term investors.  Short-term “market-timers” who engage in frequent purchases and redemptions may disrupt the Fund’s investment program and create additional transaction costs that are borne by all of the Fund’s shareholders.  The Board of Trustees has adopted policies and procedures that are designed to discourage excessive, short-term trading and other abusive trading practices that may disrupt portfolio management strategies and harm performance.  The Fund takes steps to reduce the frequency and effect of these activities in the Fund.  These steps include, among other things, monitoring trading activity and using fair value pricing.  Although these efforts are designed to discourage abusive trading practices, these tools cannot eliminate the possibility that such activity will occur.  The Fund implements these tools to the best of its abilities in a manner that it believes is consistent with shareholder interests.  Except as noted herein, the Fund applies all restrictions uniformly in all applicable cases.

Monitoring Trading Practices.  The Fund monitors selected trades in an effort to detect excessive short-term trading activities.  If, as a result of this monitoring, the Fund believes that a shareholder has engaged in excessive short-term trading, it may, in its discretion, ask the shareholder to stop such activities or refuse to process purchases in the shareholder’s accounts.  In making such judgments, the Fund seeks to act in a manner that it believes is consistent with the best interests of its shareholders.  The Fund uses a variety of techniques to monitor for and detect abusive trading practices.  These techniques may change from time to time as determined by the Fund in its sole discretion.  To minimize harm to the Fund and its shareholders, the Fund reserves the right to reject any purchase order (but not a redemption request), in whole or in part, for any reason and without prior notice.  The Fund may decide to restrict purchase and sale activity in its shares based on various factors, including whether frequent purchase and sale activity will disrupt portfolio management strategies and adversely affect Fund performance.

Fair Value Pricing.  The Fund employs fair value pricing selectively to ensure greater accuracy in its daily NAVs and to prevent dilution by frequent traders or market timers who seek to take advantage of temporary market anomalies.  The Board of Trustees has developed procedures which utilize fair value pricing when reliable market quotations are not readily available or when corporate events, events in the securities market and/or world events cause the Adviser to believe that a security’s last sale price may not reflect its actual market value.  Valuing securities at fair value involves reliance on judgment.  Fair value determinations are made in good faith in accordance with procedures adopted by the Board of Trustees.  There can be no assurance that the Fund will obtain the fair value assigned to a security if it were to sell the security at approximately the time at which the Fund determines its NAV per share.  More detailed information regarding fair value pricing can be found in this Prospectus under the heading entitled “Pricing of Fund Shares.”
 
 

Due to the complexity and subjectivity involved in identifying abusive trading activity and the volume of shareholder transactions the Fund handles, there can be no assurance that the Fund’s efforts will identify all trades or trading practices that may be considered abusive.  In particular, since the Fund receives purchase and sale orders through Authorized Intermediaries that use group or omnibus accounts, the Fund cannot always detect frequent trading.  However, the Fund will work with Authorized Intermediaries as necessary to discourage shareholders from engaging in abusive trading practices and to impose restrictions on excessive trades.  In this regard, the Fund has entered into information sharing agreements with Authorized Intermediaries pursuant to which these intermediaries are required to provide to the Fund, at the Fund’s request, certain information relating to their customers investing in the Fund through non-disclosed or omnibus accounts.  The Fund will use this information to attempt to identify abusive trading practices.  Authorized Intermediaries are contractually required to follow any instructions from the Fund to restrict or prohibit future purchases from shareholders that are found to have engaged in abusive trading in violation of the Fund’s policies.  However, the Fund cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information provided to it from Authorized Intermediaries and cannot ensure that they will always be able to detect abusive trading practices that occur through non-disclosed and omnibus accounts.  As a result, the Fund’s ability to monitor and discourage abusive trading practices in non-disclosed and omnibus accounts may be limited.
 
Tax Consequences
 
Distributions of the Fund’s net investment company taxable income (which includes, but is not limited to, interest, dividends, net short-term capital gains and net gains from foreign currency transactions), if any, are generally taxable to the Fund’s shareholders as ordinary income.  To the extent that the Fund’s distributions of net investment company taxable income are designated as attributable to “qualified dividend” income, such income may be subject to tax at the reduced rate of federal income tax applicable to non-corporate shareholders for net long-term capital gains, if certain holding period requirements have been satisfied by the shareholder.  To the extent the Fund’s distributions of net investment company taxable income are attributable to net short-term capital gains, such distributions will be treated as ordinary dividend income for the purposes of income tax reporting and will not be available to offset a shareholder’s capital losses from other investments.

Distributions of net capital gains (net long-term capital gains less net short-term capital losses) are generally taxable as long-term capital gains (currently at the maximum federal rate of 20% for individual shareholders in the highest income tax bracket) regardless of the length of time that a shareholder has owned Fund shares, unless you are a tax-exempt organization or are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement such as a 401(k) plan or individual retirement account.

Pursuant to provisions of the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act, a 3.8% Medicare tax on net investment income (including capital gains and dividends) will also be imposed on individuals, estates and trusts, subject to certain income thresholds.

You will be taxed in the same manner whether you receive your distributions (whether of net investment company taxable income or net capital gains) in cash or reinvest them in additional Fund shares.  Distributions are generally taxable when received.  However, distributions declared in October, November or December to shareholders of record on a date in such a month and paid the following January are taxable as if received on December 31.

Shareholders who sell, or redeem, shares generally will have a capital gain or loss from the sale or redemption.  The amount of the gain or loss and the applicable rate of federal income tax will depend generally upon the amount paid for the shares, the amount of reinvested taxable distributions, if any, the amount received from the sale or redemption and how long the shares were held by a shareholder.  Any loss arising from the sale or redemption of shares held for six months or less, however, is treated as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any amounts treated as distributions of net capital gain received on such shares.  In determining the holding period of such shares for this purpose, any period during which your risk of loss is offset by means of options, short sales or similar transactions is not counted.  If you purchase Fund shares within 30 days before or after redeeming other Fund shares at a loss, all or part of that loss will not be deductible and will instead increase the basis of the newly purchased shares.
 
 

Shareholders will be advised annually as to the federal tax status of all distributions made by the Fund for the preceding year.  Distributions by the Fund may also be subject to state and local taxes.  Additional tax information may be found in the SAI.

This section is not intended to be a full discussion of federal tax laws and the effect of such laws on you.  There may be other federal, state, foreign or local tax considerations applicable to a particular investor.  You are urged to consult your own tax advisor.
 
Other Fund Policies
 
Telephone Transactions.  If you accepted telephone transactions on your Account Application or have been authorized to perform telephone transactions by subsequent arrangement in writing with the Fund, you may be responsible for any fraudulent telephone orders as long as the Fund has taken reasonable precautions to verify your identity.  In addition, once you place a telephone transaction request, it cannot be canceled or modified.

During periods of significant economic or market change, telephone transactions may be difficult to complete.  If you are unable to contact the Fund by telephone, you may also mail the requests to the Fund at the address listed previously in the “How to Purchase Shares” section.

Telephone trades must be received by or prior to the close of the NYSE (generally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time).  During periods of high market activity, shareholders may encounter higher than usual call waiting times.  Please allow sufficient time to ensure that you will be able to complete your telephone transaction prior to the close of the NYSE.

Policies of Other Financial Intermediaries.  Financial intermediaries may establish policies that differ from those of the Fund.  For example, the institution may charge transaction fees, set higher minimum investments or impose certain limitations on buying or selling shares in addition to those identified in this Prospectus.  Please contact your financial intermediary for details.

Closing the Fund.  The Board of Trustees retains the right to close the Fund (or partially close the Fund) to new purchases if it is determined to be in the best interest of shareholders.  Based on market and Fund conditions, and in consultation with the Adviser, the Board of Trustees may decide to close the Fund to new investors, all investors or certain classes of investors (such as fund supermarkets) at any time.  If the Fund is closed to new purchases it will continue to honor redemption requests, unless the right to redeem shares has been temporarily suspended as permitted by federal law.

Householding. In an effort to decrease costs, the Fund intends to reduce the number of duplicate prospectuses and annual and semi-annual reports you receive by sending only one copy of each to those addresses shared by two or more accounts and to shareholders the Fund reasonably believes are from the same family or household.  If you would like to discontinue householding for your accounts, please call toll-free at 8XX-XXX-XXXX to request individual copies of these documents.  Once the Fund receives notice to stop householding, the Fund will begin sending individual copies 30 days after receiving your request.  This policy does not apply to account statements.
 
 

Inactive Accounts.  Your mutual fund account may be transferred to your state of residence if no activity occurs within your account during the “inactivity period” specified in your State’s abandoned property laws.

Distribution of Fund Shares

 
The Distributor
 
Quasar Distributors, LLC (the “Distributor”) is located at 615 East Michigan Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53202, and serves as distributor and principal underwriter to the Fund.  The Distributor is a registered broker-dealer and member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.  Shares of the Fund are offered on a continuous basis.
 
Shareholder Service Plan Fees
 
The Fund has adopted a Shareholder Service Plan under which the Fund may pay a fee of up to 0.15% of the average daily net assets of the Investor Class and Institutional Class shares for services provided to the Fund by financial institutions, including the Adviser or its affiliates.
 
Rule 12b-1 Distribution Fees
 
The Fund has adopted a Rule 12b-1 plan under which the Fund is authorized to pay to the Distributor or such other entities as approved by the Board of Trustees, as compensation for the distribution-related and/or shareholder services provided by such entities, an aggregate fee of up to 0.25% of the average daily net assets of the Investor Class shares.  The Distributor may pay any or all amounts received under the Rule 12b-1 Plan to other persons, including the Adviser or its affiliates, for any distribution service or activity designed to retain Fund shareholders.

Because the distribution fee is paid on an ongoing basis, your investment cost over time may be higher than paying other types of sales charges.
 
Payments to Financial Intermediaries
 
The Fund may pay service fees to intermediaries, such as banks, broker-dealers, financial advisors or other financial institutions, including affiliates of the Adviser, for sub-administration, sub-transfer agency and other shareholder services associated with shareholders whose shares are held of record in omnibus accounts, other group accounts or accounts traded through registered securities clearing agents.

The Adviser, out of its own resources and without additional cost to the Fund or its shareholders, may provide additional cash payments to intermediaries who sell shares of the Fund.  These payments and compensation are in addition to service fees paid by the Fund, if any.  Payments are generally made to intermediaries that provide shareholder servicing, marketing support or access to sales meetings, sales representatives and management representatives of the intermediary.  Payments may also be paid to intermediaries for inclusion of the Fund on a sales list, including a preferred or select sales list or in other sales programs.  Compensation may be paid as an expense reimbursement in cases in which the intermediary provides shareholder services to the Fund.  The Adviser may also pay cash compensation in the form of finder’s fees that vary depending on the dollar amount of the shares sold.

Financial Highlights


Because the Fund has recently commenced operations, there are no financial highlights available at this time.
 
 
 
Investment Adviser
Ruby Capital Partners LLP
15-16 Seymour Mews
London W1H 6BG United Kingdom



Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
[…]


Legal Counsel
Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A.
100 Middle Street
PO Box 9729
Portland, Maine 04104-5029



Custodian
U.S. Bank N.A.
Custody Operations
1555 North Rivercenter Drive, Suite 302
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53212



Transfer Agent, Fund Accountant and Fund Administrator
U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC
615 East Michigan Street
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53202



Distributor
Quasar Distributors, LLC
615 East Michigan Street
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53202
 
 

PRIVACY NOTICE 


The Fund collects only relevant information about you that the law allows or requires it to have in order to conduct its business and properly service you.  The Fund collects financial and personal information about you (“Personal Information”) directly (e.g., information on account applications and other forms, such as your name, address, and social security number, and information provided to access account information or conduct account transactions online, such as password, account number, e-mail address, and alternate telephone number), and indirectly (e.g., information about your transactions with us, such as transaction amounts, account balance and account holdings).

The Fund does not disclose any non-public personal information about its shareholders or former shareholders other than for everyday business purposes such as to process a transaction, service an account, respond to court orders and legal investigations or as otherwise permitted by law.  Third parties that may receive this information include companies that provide transfer agency, technology and administrative services to the Fund, as well as the Fund’s investment adviser who is an affiliate of the Fund.  If you maintain a retirement/educational custodial account directly with the Fund, we may also disclose your Personal Information to the custodian for that account for shareholder servicing purposes.  The Fund limits access to your Personal Information provided to unaffiliated third parties to information necessary to carry out their assigned responsibilities to the Fund.  All shareholder records will be disposed of in accordance with applicable law. The Fund maintains physical, electronic and procedural safeguards to protect your Personal Information and requires its third party service providers with access to such information to treat your Personal Information with the same high degree of confidentiality.

In the event that you hold shares of the Fund through a financial intermediary, including, but not limited to, a broker-dealer, bank, credit union or trust company, the privacy policy of your financial intermediary governs how your non-public personal information is shared with unaffiliated third parties.
 
 



Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund
A series of Managed Portfolio Series


FOR MORE INFORMATION

You can find more information about the Fund in the following documents:

Statement of Additional Information
The SAI provides additional details about the investments and techniques of the Fund and certain other additional information.  A current SAI is on file with the SEC and is incorporated into this Prospectus by reference.  This means that the SAI is legally considered a part of this Prospectus even though it is not physically within this Prospectus.

Annual and Semi-Annual Reports
The Fund’s annual and semi-annual reports will provide additional information about the Fund’s investments.  The annual reports will contain a discussion of the market conditions and investment strategies that affected the Fund’s performance during the Fund’s prior fiscal period.

You can obtain a free copy of these documents and the SAI, request other information, or make general inquiries about the Fund by calling the Fund (toll-free) at 8XX-XXX-XXXX, by visiting the Fund’s website at http://www.[...].com or by writing to:

Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund
c/o U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC
P.O. Box 701
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-0701

You can review and copy information, including the Fund’s reports and SAI, at the SEC’s Public Reference Room in Washington, D.C.  You can obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling (202) 551-8090.  Reports and other information about the Fund are also available:

·
Free of charge from the SEC’s EDGAR database on the SEC’s Internet website at http://www.sec.gov;
·
For a fee, by writing to the SEC’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549-1520; or
·
For a fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov.




 

(The Trust’s SEC Investment Company Act of 1940 file number is 811-22525)
 
 

Subject to Completion Dated October 16, 2015
The information in this Statement of Additional Information is not complete and may be changed.  We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission becomes effective.  This Statement of Additional Information is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.



[Logo]





INFUSIVE HAPPY CONSUMER CHOICES FUND


Investor Class — […]

Institutional Class — […]




Statement of Additional Information

December […], 2015


This Statement of Additional Information (“SAI”) provides general information about the Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund (the “Fund”), a series of Managed Portfolio Series (the “Trust”).  This SAI is not a prospectus and should be read in conjunction with the Fund’s current prospectus dated December […], 2015 (the “Prospectus”), as supplemented and amended from time to time, which is incorporated herein by reference.  To obtain a copy of the Prospectus, free of charge, please write or call the Fund at the address or toll-free telephone number below, or visit the Fund’s website at www.[...].com.

Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund
c/o U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC
P.O. Box 701
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-0701
8XX-XXX-XXXX
 
 
 
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The Trust
The Trust is a Delaware statutory trust organized on January 27, 2011, and is registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) as an open-end management investment company.  The Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund a series, or mutual fund, of the Trust.  The Fund has two classes of shares: Investor Class and Institutional Class.  The Fund is a diversified series and has its own investment objective and policies.  Shares of other series of the Trust are offered in separate prospectuses and SAIs.  The Fund does not hold itself out as related to any other series within the Trust for purposes of investment and investor services, nor does it share the same investment adviser with any other series of the Trust.  The Fund’s Prospectus and this SAI are a part of the Trust’s Registration Statement filed with the SEC.  Copies of the Trust’s complete Registration Statement may be obtained from the SEC upon payment of the prescribed fee or may be accessed free of charge at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.  As permitted by Delaware law, the Trust’s Board of Trustees (the “Board of Trustees”) may create additional classes of the Fund and may create additional series (and classes thereof) of the Trust and offer shares of these series and classes under the Trust at any time without the vote of shareholders.

All shares of a series shall represent an equal proportionate interest in the assets held with respect to that series (subject to the liabilities held with respect to that series and such rights and preferences as may have been established and designated with respect to classes of shares of such series), and each share of a series shall be equal to each other share of that series.

Shares are voted in the aggregate and not by series or class, except in matters where a separate vote is required by the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”), or when the matters affect only the interest of a particular series or class.  When matters are submitted to shareholders for a vote, each shareholder is entitled to one vote for each full share owned and fractional votes for fractional shares owned.

The Trust does not normally hold annual meetings of shareholders.  Meetings of the shareholders shall be called by any member of the Board of Trustees upon written request of shareholders holding, in the aggregate, not less than 10% of the shares, such request specifying the purpose or purposes for which such meeting is to be called.

Interests in the Fund are represented by shares of beneficial interest each with no par value per share.  Each share of the Fund represents an equal proportionate interest in the assets and liabilities belonging to the Fund and is entitled to such distributions out of the income belonging to the Fund as may be declared by the Board of Trustees.

The Board of Trustees has the authority from time to time to divide or combine the shares of any series into a greater or lesser number of shares of that series without materially changing the proportionate beneficial interest of the shares of that series in the assets belonging to that series or materially affecting the rights of shares of any other series.  In case of the liquidation of a series, the holders of shares of the series being liquidated are entitled to receive a distribution out of the assets, net of the liabilities, belonging to that series.  Expenses attributable to any series (or class thereof) are borne by that series (or class).  Any general expenses of the Trust not readily identifiable as belonging to a particular series are allocated by, or under the direction of, the Board of Trustees to all applicable series (and classes thereof) in such manner and on such basis as the Board of Trustees in its sole discretion deems fair and equitable.  No shareholder is liable to further calls for the payment of any sum of money or assessment whatsoever with respect to the Trust or any series of the Trust without his or her express consent.
 
 

All consideration received by the Trust for the issue or sale of its shares, together with all assets in which such consideration is invested or reinvested, and all income, earnings, profits and proceeds thereof, including any proceeds derived from the sale, exchange or liquidation of such assets, and any funds or payments derived from any reinvestment of such proceeds, subject only to the rights of creditors, shall constitute the underlying assets of the Fund.

Ruby Capital Partners LLP (trading as Infusive Asset Management) (the “Adviser”) serves as the investment adviser for the Fund.

Investment Policies, Strategies and Associated Risks
The following discussion supplements the description of the Fund’s investment objective and principal investment strategies set forth in the Prospectus.  Except for the fundamental investment limitations listed below (see “Fundamental and Non-Fundamental Investment Limitations”), the Fund’s investment strategies and policies are not fundamental and may be changed by sole action of the Board of Trustees, without shareholder approval.  While the Fund is permitted to hold securities and engage in various strategies as described hereafter, it is not obligated to do so.

Investment Objective
The investment objective of the Fund is long-term capital appreciation.

Diversification
The Fund is diversified.  A diversified fund is a fund that satisfies the definition of a “diversified company” set forth in the 1940 Act.  A “diversified company” means that as to 75% of the Fund’s total assets (1) no more than 5% may be invested in the securities of a single issuer, and (2) the Fund may not hold more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of a single issuer.

Since the Fund intends to qualify as a “regulated investment company” under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, (the “Code”), the Fund will limit its investment, excluding cash, cash items (including receivables), U.S. government securities and securities of other regulated investment companies, so that at the close of each quarter of the taxable year, (1) not more than 25% of the Fund’s total assets will be invested in the securities of a single issuer, and (2) with respect to 50% of its total assets, not more than 5% of the Fund’s total assets will be invested in the securities of a single issuer nor represent more than 10% of the issuer’s outstanding voting securities.

Percentage Limitations
The Fund’s compliance with its investment policy and limitation will be determined immediately after and as a result of the Fund’s acquisition of such security or other asset.  Accordingly, except with respect to borrowing or illiquid securities, any subsequent change in values, net assets or other circumstances will not be considered when determining whether an investment complies with the Fund’s investment policies and limitations.  In addition, if a bankruptcy or other extraordinary event occurs concerning a particular investment by the Fund, the Fund may receive stock, real estate or other investments that the Fund would not, or could not, buy.  If this happens, the Fund will sell such investments as soon as practicable while trying to maximize the return to its shareholders.

Market Volatility
U.S. and international markets have from time to time experienced significant volatility.  During certain volatile periods, the fixed income markets have experienced substantially lower valuations, reduced liquidity, price volatility, credit downgrades, increased likelihood of default and valuation difficulties.  Concerns have spread to domestic and international equity markets.  In some cases, the stock prices of individual companies have been negatively affected even though there may be little or no apparent degradation in the financial conditions or prospects of that company.  Continued volatility may have adverse effects on the Fund, and the risks discussed below and in the Prospectus may increase.
 
 

Equity Securities
An equity security represents a proportionate share of the ownership of a company.  Its value is based on the success of the company’s business, any income paid to stockholders, the value of its assets and general market conditions.  Common stocks and preferred stocks are examples of equity securities.  The fundamental risk of investing in common and preferred stock is the risk that the value of the stock might decrease.
 
Common Stock
Common stock represents an ownership interest in a company. In addition to the general risks set forth above, investments in common stocks are subject to the risk that in the event a company in which the Fund invests is liquidated, the holders of preferred stock and creditors of that company will be paid in full before any payments are made to the Fund as holders of common stock.  It is possible that all assets of that company will be exhausted before any payments are made to the Fund.

Preferred Stock
Preferred stock represents an ownership interest in a company, often pays dividends at a specific rate and has a preference over common stocks in dividend payments and liquidation of assets. A preferred stock is a blend of the characteristics of a bond and common stock.  It can offer the higher yield of a bond and has priority over common stock in equity ownership, but does not have the seniority of a bond and, unlike common stock its participation in the issuer’s growth may be limited.  Although the dividend is set at a fixed annual rate, in some circumstances it can be changed or omitted by the issuer. In addition, preferred stock usually does not have voting rights.

Foreign Investments and Currencies
The Fund may invest in securities of foreign issuers that are not traded in the United States and/or U.S. dollar denominated, purchase and sell foreign currency on a spot basis and enter into forward currency contracts (see “Forward Currency Contracts,” below).  The Fund may also invest in American Depositary Receipts (“ADRs”) or Global Depositary Receipts (“GDRs”) and foreign securities that are traded on a U.S. exchange.  Investments in ADRs and foreign securities involve certain inherent risks, including the following:

Depositary Receipts.  Generally, depositary receipts are denominated in the currency of the country of the bank or trust company that issues them and evidence ownership of the underlying securities.  Depositary Receipts may be purchased through “sponsored” or “unsponsored” facilities.  A sponsored facility is established jointly by the issuer of the underlying security and a depositary, whereas a depositary may establish an unsponsored facility without participation by the issuer of the depositary security.  Holders of unsponsored depositary receipts generally bear all the costs of such facilities, and the depositary of an unsponsored facility frequently is under no obligation to distribute shareholder communications received from the issuer of the deposited security or to pass through voting rights to the holders of such receipts of the deposited securities. Accordingly, available information concerning the issuer may not be current and the prices of unsponsored depositary receipts may be more volatile than the prices of sponsored depositary receipts.  For purposes of the Fund’s investment policies, Depositary Receipts are deemed to have the same classification as the underlying securities they represent.  Thus, a Depositary Receipt representing ownership of common stock will be treated as common stock.
 
 

Political and Economic Factors.  Individual foreign economies of certain countries may differ favorably or unfavorably from the U.S. economy in such respects as growth of gross national product, rate of inflation, capital reinvestment, resource self-sufficiency, diversification and balance of payments position.  The internal politics of certain foreign countries may not be as stable as those of the United States.  Governments in certain foreign countries also continue to participate to a significant degree, through ownership interest or regulation, in their respective economies.  Action by these governments could include restrictions on foreign investment, nationalization, expropriation of goods or imposition of taxes, and could have a significant effect on market prices of securities and payment of interest.  The economies of many foreign countries are heavily dependent upon international trade and are accordingly affected by the trade policies and economic conditions of their trading partners.  Enactment by these trading partners of protectionist trade legislation could have a significant adverse effect upon the securities markets of those countries.

Currency Fluctuations.  The Fund may invest in securities denominated in foreign currencies.  Accordingly, a change in the value of any such currency against the U.S. dollar will result in a corresponding change in the U.S. dollar value of the Fund’s assets denominated in that currency.  Such changes will also affect the Fund’s income.  The value of the Fund’s assets may also be affected significantly by currency restrictions and exchange control regulations enacted from time to time.

Market Characteristics.  The Adviser expects that many foreign securities in which the Fund may invest will be purchased in over-the-counter markets or on exchanges located in the countries in which the principal offices of the issuers of the various securities are located, if that is the best available market.  Foreign exchanges and markets may be more volatile than those in the United States.  While growing in volume, they usually have substantially less volume than U.S. markets, and the Fund’s investments in foreign securities may be less liquid and more volatile than investments in U.S. securities.  Moreover, settlement practices for transactions in foreign markets may differ from those in U.S. markets, and may include delays beyond periods customary in the United States.  Foreign security trading practices, including those involving securities settlement where Fund assets may be released prior to receipt of payment or securities, may expose the Fund to increased risk in the event of a failed trade or the insolvency of a foreign broker-dealer.

Legal and Regulatory Matters.  Certain foreign countries may have less supervision of securities markets, brokers and issuers of securities, non-uniform accounting standards and less financial information available from issuers, than is available in the United States.  It may be more difficult to obtain and enforce a judgment against a foreign issuer.  Legal remedies available to investors in certain foreign countries may be more limited than those available with respect to investments in the United States or in other foreign countries.  The laws of some foreign countries may limit the Fund’s ability to invest in securities of certain issuers located in those foreign countries.

Taxes.  The interest and dividends payable on certain of the Fund’s foreign portfolio securities may be subject to foreign withholding taxes, thus reducing the net amount of income available for distribution to Fund shareholders.  Foreign companies may not be subject to auditing and financial reporting standards and requirements comparable to those which apply to U.S. companies.

Costs.  To the extent that the Fund invests in foreign securities, its expense ratio is likely to be higher than those of investment companies investing only in domestic securities, because related brokerage costs and the cost of maintaining the custody of foreign securities may be higher.
 
 

Additional Risks of Emerging Markets.  In addition, the Fund may invest in foreign securities of companies that are located in developing or emerging markets.  Investing in securities of issuers located in these markets may pose greater risks not typically associated with investing in more established markets, such as increased risk of social, political and economic instability.  Emerging market countries typically have smaller securities markets than developed countries and therefore less liquidity and greater price volatility than more developed markets.  Securities traded in emerging markets may also be subject to risks associated with the lack of modern technology, poor governmental and/or judicial infrastructures relating to private or foreign investment or to judicial redress for injury to private property, the lack of capital base to expand business operations, foreign taxation and the inexperience of financial intermediaries, custodians and transfer agents.  Emerging market countries are also more likely to impose restrictions on the repatriation of an investor’s assets, and even where there is no outright restriction on repatriation, the mechanics of repatriation may delay or impede the Fund’s ability to obtain possession of its assets.  As a result, there may be an increased risk or price volatility associated with the Fund’s investments in emerging market countries, which may be magnified by currency fluctuations.

Forward Currency Contracts
A forward currency contract (“forward contract”) involves an obligation to purchase or sell a specific amount of a specific currency at a future date, which may be any fixed number of days (usually less than one year) from the date of the contract agreed upon by the parties, at a price set at the time of the contract.  A forward contract generally has no deposit requirement, and no commissions are charged at any stage for trades.  At or before settlement of a forward currency contract, the Fund may either deliver the currency or terminate its contractual obligation to deliver the currency by purchasing an offsetting contract.  If the Fund makes delivery of the foreign currency at or before the settlement of a forward contract, it may be required to obtain the currency through the conversion of assets of the Fund into the currency.  The Fund may close out a forward contract obligating it to purchase currency by selling an offsetting contract, in which case it will realize a gain or a loss.

The Fund enters into forward contracts in order to “lock in” the exchange rate between the currency it will deliver and the currency it will receive for the duration of the contract.  In addition, the Fund may enter into forward contracts to hedge against risks arising from securities the Fund owns or anticipates purchasing, or the U.S. dollar value of interest and dividends paid on those securities.  The Fund does not intend to enter into forward contracts on a regular or continuing basis and the Fund will not enter these contracts for speculative purposes.

Foreign currency transactions involve certain costs and risks.  The Fund incurs foreign exchange expenses in converting assets from one currency to another.  Forward contracts involve a risk of loss if the Adviser is inaccurate in its prediction of currency movements.  The projection of short-term currency market movements is extremely difficult and the successful execution of a short-term hedging strategy is highly uncertain.  The precise matching of forward contract amounts and the value of the securities involved is generally not possible.  Accordingly, it may be necessary for the Fund to purchase additional foreign currency if the market value of the security is less than the amount of the foreign currency the Fund is obligated to deliver under the forward contract and the decision is made to sell the security and make delivery of the foreign currency.  The use of forward contracts as a hedging technique does not eliminate fluctuations in the prices of the underlying securities the Fund owns or intends to acquire, but it does fix a rate of exchange in advance.  Although forward contracts can reduce the risk of loss due to a decline in the value of the hedged currencies, they also limit any potential gain that might result from an increase in the value of the currencies.  There is also the risk that the other party to the transaction may fail to deliver currency when due which may result in a loss to the Fund.
 
 

Convertible Securities
Convertible securities include fixed income securities that may be exchanged or converted into a predetermined number of shares of the issuer’s underlying common stock or other equity security at the option of the holder during a specified period.  Convertible securities may take the form of convertible preferred stock, convertible bonds or debentures, units consisting of “usable” bonds and warrants or a combination of the features of several of these securities.  The investment characteristics of convertible securities vary widely, which allows them to be employed for a variety of investment strategies.  The Fund will exchange or convert convertible securities into shares of underlying common stock when, in the opinion of the Adviser, the investment characteristics of the underlying common stock or other equity security will assist the Fund in achieving its investment objectives.  The Fund may also elect to hold or trade convertible securities.  In selecting convertible securities, the Adviser evaluates the investment characteristics of the convertible security as a fixed income instrument, and the investment potential of the underlying equity security for capital appreciation.

U.S. Government Obligations
The Fund may invest in U.S. government obligations.  U.S. government obligations include securities issued or guaranteed as to principal and interest by the U.S. government, its agencies or instrumentalities.  Treasury bills, the most frequently issued marketable government securities, have a maturity of up to one year and are issued on a discount basis.  U.S. government obligations include securities issued or guaranteed by government-sponsored enterprises.

Payment of principal and interest on U.S. government obligations may be backed by the full faith and credit of the United States or may be backed solely by the issuing or guaranteeing agency or instrumentality itself.  In the latter case, the investor must look principally to the agency or instrumentality issuing or guaranteeing the obligation for ultimate repayment, which agency or instrumentality may be privately owned.  There can be no assurance that the U.S. government would provide financial support to its agencies or instrumentalities, including government-sponsored enterprises, where it is not obligated to do so (see “Agency Obligations,” below).  In addition, U.S. government obligations are subject to fluctuations in market value due to fluctuations in market interest rates.  As a general matter, the value of debt instruments, including U.S. government obligations, declines when market interest rates increase and rises when market interest rates decrease.  Certain types of U.S. government obligations are subject to fluctuations in yield or value due to their structure or contract terms.

Agency Obligations
The Fund may invest in agency obligations, such as the Export-Import Bank of the United States, Tennessee Valley Authority, Resolution Funding Corporation, Farmers Home Administration, Federal Home Loan Banks, Federal Intermediate Credit Banks, Federal Farm Credit Banks, Federal Land Banks, Federal Housing Administration, Government National Mortgage Association (“GNMA”), commonly known as “Ginnie Mae,” Federal National Mortgage Association (“FNMA”), commonly known as “Fannie Mae,” Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“FHLMC”), commonly known as “Freddie Mac,” and the Student Loan Marketing Association (“SLMA”), commonly known as “Sallie Mae.”  Some, such as those of the Export-Import Bank of United States, are supported only by the right of the issuer to borrow from the Treasury; others, such as those of the FNMA and FHLMC, are supported by only the discretionary authority of the U.S. government to purchase the agency’s obligations; still others, such as those of the SLMA, are supported only by the credit of the instrumentality.  No assurance can be given that the U.S. government would provide financial support to U.S. government-sponsored instrumentalities because they are not obligated by law to do so.  As a result, there is a risk that these entities will default on a financial obligation.  For instance, in September 2008, at the direction of the U.S. Treasury, FNMA and FHLMC were placed into conservatorship under the Federal Housing Finance Agency (“FHFA”), a newly created independent regulator.
 
 

Options, Futures and Other Strategies
General.  The Fund may use options (both traded on an exchange and over-the-counter (“OTC”)), futures contracts (sometimes referred to as “futures”), swaps, and other derivative securities (collectively, “Financial Instruments”) as a substitute for a comparable market position in the underlying security, to attempt to hedge or limit the exposure of a particular portfolio security, to create a synthetic money market position, for certain tax-related purposes, to close out previously established options and futures positions, to reduce volatility, to enhance income, and to gain market exposure.

The use of Financial Instruments is subject to applicable regulations of the SEC, the several exchanges upon which they are traded and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”).  In addition, the Fund’s ability to use Financial Instruments will be limited by tax considerations.  Pursuant to a claim for exemption filed with the National Futures Association on behalf of the Fund, the Fund is not deemed to be a commodity pool operator or a commodity pool under the Commodity Exchange Act and is not subject to registration or regulation as such under the Commodity Exchange Act.  In addition to the instruments, strategies and risks described below, the Adviser may discover additional opportunities in connection with Financial Instruments and other similar or related techniques.  These new opportunities may become available as the Adviser develops new investment techniques, as regulatory authorities broaden the range of permitted transactions and as new Financial Instruments or other techniques are developed.  The Adviser may utilize these opportunities to the extent that they are consistent with the Fund’s investment objective and permitted by the Fund’s investment limitations and applicable regulatory authorities.  The Prospectus or this SAI will be supplemented to the extent that new products or techniques involve materially different risks than those described below.

Special Risks.  The use of Financial Instruments involves special considerations and risks, certain of which are described below.  Risks pertaining to particular Financial Instruments are described in the sections that follow.

(1)           Successful use of most Financial Instruments depends upon the Adviser’s ability to predict movements of the overall securities markets, which requires different skills than predicting changes in the prices of individual securities.  The ordinary spreads between prices in the cash and futures markets, due to the differences in the natures of those markets, are subject to distortion.  Due to the possibility of distortion, a correct forecast of market trends by the Adviser may still not result in a successful transaction.  The Adviser may be incorrect in its expectations as to the extent of market movements or the time span within which the movements take place, which may result in the strategy being unsuccessful.

(2)           Options and futures prices can diverge from the prices of their underlying instruments.  Options and futures prices are affected by such factors as current and anticipated short-term interest rates, changes in volatility of the underlying instrument and the time remaining until expiration of the contract, which may not affect security prices the same way.  Imperfect or no correlation also may result from differing levels of demand in the options and futures markets and the securities markets, from structural differences in how options and futures and securities are traded, and from the imposition of daily price fluctuation limits or trading halts.
 
 

(3)           As described below, the Fund might be required to maintain assets as “cover,” maintain segregated accounts or make margin payments when it takes positions in Financial Instruments involving obligations to third parties (e.g., Financial Instruments other than purchased options).  If the Fund is unable to close out its positions in such Financial Instruments, it might be required to continue to maintain such assets or accounts or make such payments until the position expires or matures.  These requirements might impair the Fund’s ability to sell a portfolio security or make an investment when it would otherwise be favorable to do so or require that the Fund sells a portfolio security at a disadvantageous time.  The Fund’s ability to close out a position in a Financial Instrument prior to expiration or maturity depends on the existence of a liquid secondary market or, in the absence of such a market, the ability and willingness of the other party to the transaction (the “counter-party”) to enter into a transaction closing out the position.  Therefore, there is no assurance that any position can be closed out at a time and price that is favorable to the Fund.

(4)   Losses may arise due to unanticipated market price movements, lack of a liquid secondary market for any particular instrument at a particular time or due to losses from premiums paid by the Fund on options transactions.

Cover.  Transactions using Financial Instruments, other than purchasing options, expose the Fund to an obligation to another party.  The Fund will not enter into any such transactions unless it owns either (1) an offsetting (“covered”) position in securities or other options or futures contracts or (2) cash and liquid assets with a value, marked-to-market daily, sufficient to cover its potential obligations to the extent not covered as provided in (1) above.  The Fund will comply with SEC guidelines regarding cover for these instruments and will, if the guidelines so require, set aside cash or liquid assets in an account with its custodian, U.S. Bank, N.A. (the “Custodian”), in the prescribed amount as determined daily.

Assets used as cover or held in an account cannot be sold while the position in the corresponding Financial Instrument is open, unless they are replaced with other appropriate assets.  As a result, the commitment of a large portion of the Fund’s assets to cover accounts could impede portfolio management or the Fund’s ability to meet redemption requests or other current obligations.

Options.  The value of an option position will reflect, among other things, the current market value of the underlying investment, the time remaining until expiration, the relationship of the exercise price to the market price of the underlying investment and general market conditions.  Options that expire unexercised have no value.  Options currently are traded on the Chicago Board Options Exchange (“CBOE”), the American Stock and Options Exchange (“AMEX”) and other exchanges, as well as the OTC markets.

By buying a call option on a security, the Fund has the right, in return for the premium paid, to buy the security underlying the option at the exercise price.  By writing (selling) a call option and receiving a premium, the Fund becomes obligated during the term of the option to deliver securities underlying the option at the exercise price if the option is exercised.  The Fund will only write call options on securities it holds in its portfolio (i.e., covered calls).  By buying a put option, the Fund has the right, in return for the premium, to sell the security underlying the option at the exercise price.  By writing a put option and receiving a premium, the Fund becomes obligated during the term of the option to purchase the securities underlying the option at the exercise price.

Because options premiums paid or received by the Fund are small in relation to the market value of the investments underlying the options, buying and selling put and call options can be more speculative than investing directly in securities.
 
 

The Fund may effectively terminate its right or obligation under an option by entering into a closing transaction.  For example, the Fund may terminate an obligation under a call option or put option that it has written by purchasing an identical call option or put option. This is known as a closing purchase transaction. Conversely, the Fund may terminate a position in a put or call option it had purchased by writing an identical put or call option. This is known as a closing sale transaction. Closing transactions permit the Fund to realize profits or limit losses on an option position prior to its exercise or expiration.

Risks of Options on Commodities, Currencies and Securities.  Exchange-traded options in the United States are issued by a clearing organization affiliated with the exchange on which the option is listed that, in effect, guarantees completion of every exchange-traded option transaction.  In contrast, OTC options are contracts between the Fund and its counter-party (usually a securities dealer or a bank) with no clearing organization guarantee.  Thus, when the Fund purchases an OTC option, it relies on the counter-party from whom it purchased the option to make or take delivery of the underlying investment upon exercise of the option.  Failure by the counter-party to do so would result in the loss of any premium paid by the Fund as well as the loss of any expected benefit of the transaction.

The Fund’s ability to establish and close out positions in exchange-traded options depends on the existence of a liquid market.  However, there can be no assurance that such a market will exist at any particular time.  Closing transactions can be made for OTC options only by negotiating directly with the counter-party or by a transaction in the secondary market if any such market exists.  There can be no assurance that the Fund will in fact be able to close out an OTC option position at a favorable price prior to expiration.  In the event of insolvency of the counter-party, the Fund might be unable to close out an OTC option position at any time prior to its expiration.

If the Fund were unable to affect a closing transaction for an option it had purchased, it would have to exercise the option to realize any profit.  The inability to enter into a closing purchase transaction for a covered call option written by the Fund could cause material losses because the Fund would be unable to sell the investment used as cover for the written option until the option expires or is exercised.

Options on Indices.  An index fluctuates with changes in the market values of the securities included in the index.  Options on indices give the holder the right to receive an amount of cash upon exercise of the option.  Receipt of this cash amount will depend upon the closing level of the index upon which the option is based being greater than (in the case of a call) or less than (in the case of put) the exercise price of the option.  Some stock index options are based on a broad market index such as the S&P 500 Index, the NYSE Composite Index or the AMEX Major Market Index or on a narrower index such as the Philadelphia Stock Exchange Over-the-Counter Index.

Each of the exchanges has established limitations governing the maximum number of call or put options on the same index that may be bought or written by a single investor, whether acting alone or in concert with others (regardless of whether such options are written on the same or different exchanges or are held or written on one or more accounts or through one or more brokers).  Under these limitations, option positions of all investment companies advised by the Adviser are combined for purposes of these limits.  Pursuant to these limitations, an exchange may order the liquidation of positions and may impose other sanctions or restrictions.  These position limits may restrict the number of listed options that the Fund may buy or sell.

Puts and calls on indices are similar to puts and calls on securities except that all settlements are in cash and gain or loss depends on changes in the index in question rather than on price movements in individual securities.  When the Fund writes a call on an index, it receives a premium and agrees that, prior to the expiration date, the purchaser of the call, upon exercise of the call, will receive from the Fund an amount of cash if the closing level of the index upon which the call is based is greater than the exercise price of the call.  The amount of cash is equal to the difference between the closing price of the index and the exercise price of the call times a specified multiple (“multiplier”).  When the Fund buys a call on an index, it pays a premium and has the same rights to such call as are indicated above.  When the Fund buys a put on an index, it pays a premium and has the right, prior to the expiration date, to require the seller of the put, upon the Fund’s exercise of the put, to deliver to the Fund an amount of cash if the closing level of the index upon which the put is based is less than the exercise price of the put, which amount of cash is determined by the multiplier, as described above for calls.  When the Fund writes a put on an index, it receives a premium and the purchaser of the put has the right, prior to the expiration date, to require the Fund to deliver to it an amount of cash equal to the difference between the closing level of the index and the exercise price times the multiplier if the closing level is less than the exercise price.
 
 

Risks of Options on Indices.  If the Fund has purchased an index option and exercises it before the closing index value for that day is available, it runs the risk that the level of the underlying index may subsequently change.  If such a change causes the exercised option to fall out-of-the-money, the Fund will be required to pay the difference between the closing index value and the exercise price of the option (times the applicable multiplier) to the assigned writer.

OTC Options.  Unlike exchange-traded options, which are standardized with respect to the underlying instrument, expiration date, contract size and strike price, the terms of OTC options (options not traded on exchanges) generally are established through negotiation with the other party to the option contract.  While this type of arrangement allows the Fund great flexibility to tailor the option to its needs, OTC options generally involve greater risk than exchange-traded options, which are guaranteed by the clearing organization of the exchanges where they are traded.

Futures Contracts and Options on Futures Contracts.  A futures contract obligates the seller to deliver (and the purchaser to take delivery of) the specified security on the expiration date of the contract.  An index futures contract obligates the seller to deliver (and the purchaser to take) an amount of cash equal to a specific dollar amount times the difference between the value of a specific index at the close of the last trading day of the contract and the price at which the agreement is made.  No physical delivery of the underlying securities in the index is made.

When the Fund writes an option on a futures contract, it becomes obligated, in return for the premium received, to assume a position in the futures contract at a specified exercise price at any time during the term of the option.  If the Fund writes a call, it assumes a short futures position.  If the Fund writes a put, it assumes a long futures position.  When the Fund purchases an option on a futures contract, it acquires the right in return for the premium it pays to assume a position in a futures contract (a long position if the option is a call and a short position if the option is a put).

Whether the Fund realizes a gain or loss from futures activities depends upon movements in the underlying security or index.  The extent of the Fund’s loss from an unhedged short position in futures contracts or from writing unhedged call options on futures contracts is potentially unlimited.  The Fund only purchases and sells futures contracts and options on futures contracts that are traded on a U.S. exchange or board of trade.

No price is paid upon entering into a futures contract.  Instead, at the inception of a futures contract the Fund is required to deposit “initial margin” in an amount generally equal to 10% or less of the contract value.  Margin also must be deposited when writing a call or put option on a futures contract, in accordance with applicable exchange rules.  Unlike margin in securities transactions, initial margin does not represent a borrowing, but rather is in the nature of a performance bond or good-faith deposit that is returned to the Fund at the termination of the transaction if all contractual obligations have been satisfied.  Under certain circumstances, such as periods of high volatility, the Fund may be required by an exchange to increase the level of its initial margin payment, and initial margin requirements might be increased generally in the future by regulatory action.
 
 

Subsequent “variation margin” payments are made to and from the futures commission merchant daily as the value of the futures position varies, a process known as “marking-to-market.”  Variation margin does not involve borrowing, but rather represents a daily settlement of the Fund’s obligations to or from a futures commission merchant.  When the Fund purchases an option on a futures contract, the premium paid plus transaction costs is all that is at risk.  In contrast, when the Fund purchases or sells a futures contract or writes a call or put option thereon, it is subject to daily variation margin calls that could be substantial in the event of adverse price movements.  If the Fund has insufficient cash to meet daily variation margin requirements, it might need to sell securities at a time when such sales are disadvantageous.

Purchasers and sellers of futures contracts and options on futures can enter into offsetting closing transactions, similar to closing transactions in options, by selling or purchasing, respectively, an instrument identical to the instrument purchased or sold.  Positions in futures and options on futures contracts may be closed only on an exchange or board of trade that provides a secondary market.  However, there can be no assurance that a liquid secondary market will exist for a particular contract at a particular time.  In such event, it may not be possible to close a futures contract or options position.

Under certain circumstances, futures exchanges may establish daily limits on the amount that the price of a futures contract or an option on a futures contract can vary from the previous day’s settlement price.  Once that limit is reached, no trades may be made that day at a price beyond the limit.  Daily price limits do not limit potential losses because prices could move to the daily limit for several consecutive days with little or no trading, thereby preventing liquidation of unfavorable positions.

If the Fund were unable to liquidate a futures contract or an option on a futures position due to the absence of a liquid secondary market or the imposition of price limits, it could incur substantial losses.  The Fund would continue to be subject to market risk with respect to the position.  In addition, except in the case of purchased options, the Fund would continue to be required to make daily variation margin payments and might be required to maintain cash or liquid assets in an account.

Risks of Futures Contracts and Options Thereon.  The ordinary spreads between prices in the cash and futures markets (including the options on futures markets), due to differences in the natures of those markets, are subject to the following factors, which may create distortions.  First, all participants in the futures market are subject to margin deposit and maintenance requirements.  Rather than meeting additional margin deposit requirements, investors may close futures contracts through offsetting transactions, which could distort the normal relationships between the cash and futures markets.  Second, the liquidity of the futures market depends on participants entering into offsetting transactions rather than making or taking delivery.  To the extent participants decide to make or take delivery, liquidity in the futures market could be reduced, thus producing distortion.  Third, from the point of view of speculators, the deposit requirements in the futures market are less onerous than margin requirements in the securities market.  Therefore, increased participation by speculators in the futures market may cause temporary price distortions.
 
 

Combined Positions.  The Fund may purchase and write options in combination with each other.  For example, the Fund may purchase a put option and write a call option on the same underlying instrument in order to construct a combined position whose risk and return characteristics are similar to selling a futures contract.  Another possible combined position would involve writing a call option at one strike price and buying a call option at a lower price, in order to reduce the risk of the written call option in the event of a substantial price increase.  Because combined options positions involve multiple trades, they result in higher transaction costs and may be more difficult to open and close out.

Swap Contracts.  The Fund may enter into swap contracts.  Swap contracts are two-party contracts entered into primarily by institutional investors for periods ranging from a day to more than one year. In a standard “swap” transaction, two parties agree to exchange the returns (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined investments or instruments.  The gross returns to be exchanged or “swapped” between the parties are calculated with respect to a “notional amount,” i.e., the return on or increase in value of a particular dollar amount invested in a “basket” of securities representing a particular index.

Most swap contracts entered into by the Fund calculate the obligations of the parties to the agreement on a “net basis.”  Consequently, the Fund’s current obligations (or rights) under a swap contract will generally be equal only to the net amount to be paid or received under the agreement based on the relative values of the positions held by each party to the agreement (the “net amount”).  Payments may be made at the conclusion of a swap contract or periodically during its term.

Swap contracts do not involve the delivery of securities or other underlying assets.  Accordingly, if a swap is entered into on a net basis, if the other party to a swap contract defaults, the Fund’s risk of loss consists of the net amount of payments that the Fund is contractually entitled to receive, if any.

The net amount of the excess, if any, of the Fund’s obligations over its entitlements with respect to a swap contract entered into on a net basis will be accrued daily and an amount of cash or liquid assets having an aggregate NAV at least equal to the accrued excess will be maintained in an account with the Fund’s custodian that satisfies the 1940 Act.  The Fund will also establish and maintain such accounts with respect to its total obligations under any swaps that are not entered into on a net basis.  Obligations under swap contracts so covered will not be construed to be “senior securities” for purposes of the Fund’s investment restriction concerning senior securities.

Because they are two-party contracts and may have terms of greater than seven days, swap contracts may be considered to be illiquid for the Fund’s illiquid investment limitations.  The Fund will not enter into any swap agreement unless the Adviser believes that the other party to the transaction is creditworthy.  The Fund bears the risk of loss of the amount expected to be received under a swap contract in the event of the default or bankruptcy of a swap contract counterparty.

The Fund may enter into a swap contract in circumstances where the Adviser believes that it may be more cost effective or practical than buying the underlying securities or a futures contract or an option on such securities.  The counterparty to any swap contract will typically be a bank, investment banking firm or broker/dealer.  The counterparty will generally agree to pay the Fund the amount, if any, by which the notional amount of the swap contract would have increased in value had it been invested in the particular stocks represented in the index, plus the dividends that would have been received on those stocks.  The Fund will agree to pay to the counterparty a floating rate of interest on the notional amount of the swap agreement plus the amount, if any, by which the notional amount would have decreased in value had it been invested in such stocks.  Therefore, the return to the Fund on any swap contract should be the gain or loss on the notional amount plus dividends on the stocks less the interest paid by the Fund on the notional amount.
 
 

The swap market has grown substantially in recent years with a large number of banks and investment banking firms acting both as principals and as agents utilizing standardized swap documentation. As a result, the swap market has become relatively liquid in comparison with the markets for other similar instruments that are traded in the OTC market.  The Adviser, under the supervision of the Board, is responsible for determining and monitoring the liquidity of the Fund’s transactions in swap contracts.  The use of equity swaps is a highly specialized activity that involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions.

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) and related regulatory developments will ultimately require the clearing and exchange-trading of many OTC derivative instruments that the CFTC and the SEC recently defined as “swaps,” including non-deliverable foreign exchange forwards, OTC foreign exchange options, and swaptions.  Mandatory exchange-trading and clearing will take place on a phased-in basis based on the type of market participant and CFTC approval of contracts for central clearing.  The Adviser will continue to monitor developments in this area, particularly to the extent regulatory changes affect the Fund’s ability to enter into swap contracts.

Foreign Exchange Swaps.  A foreign exchange swap involves an agreement between two parties to exchange two different currencies on a specific date at a fixed rate, and an agreement for the reverse exchange of those two currencies at a later date and at a fixed rate.  Foreign exchange swaps were exempted from the definition of “swaps” by the U.S. Treasury and are therefore not subject to many rules under the Commodity Exchange Act (“CEA”) that apply to swaps, including the mandatory clearing requirement.  They are also not considered “commodity interests”.  However, foreign exchange swaps nevertheless remain subject to the CFTC’s trade reporting requirements, enhanced anti-evasion authority, and strengthened business conduct standards.

Risks of Potential Government Regulation of Derivatives.  It is possible that additional government regulation of various types of derivative instruments, including futures, options, and swap contracts, may limit or prevent the Fund from using such instruments as part of its investment strategy, and could ultimately prevent the Fund from being able to achieve its investment objective.  It is impossible to fully predict the effects of past, present or future legislation and regulation in this area, but the effects could be substantial and adverse.  It is possible that legislative and regulatory activity could limit or restrict the ability of the Fund to use certain instruments as part of its investment strategy.  Limits or restrictions applicable to the counterparties with which the Fund engages in derivative transactions could also prevent the Fund from using certain instruments.

There is a possibility of future regulatory changes altering, perhaps to a material extent, the nature of an investment in the Fund or the ability of the Fund to continue to implement its investment strategies.  The futures, options, and swaps markets are subject to comprehensive statutes, regulations, and margin requirements.  In addition, the SEC, the CFTC and the exchanges are authorized to take extraordinary actions in the event of a market emergency, including, for example, the implementation or reduction of speculative position limits, the implementation of higher margin requirements, the establishment of daily price limits, and the suspension of trading.  The regulation of futures, options, and swaps transactions in the U.S. is a rapidly changing area of law and is subject to modification by government action.  In particular, the Dodd-Frank Act will change the way in which the U.S. financial system is supervised and regulated.  Title VII of the Dodd-Frank Act sets forth a new legislative framework for OTC derivatives, including financial instruments, such as swaps, in which the Fund may invest.  Title VII of the Dodd-Frank Act makes broad changes to the OTC derivatives markets, grants significant new authority to the SEC and the CFTC to regulate OTC derivatives and market participants, and will require clearing and exchange trading of many OTC derivative transactions.  The CFTC and the SEC finalized the definition of “swap” and “security-based swap.”  These definitions became effective October 12, 2012 and provide parameters around which contracts will be subject to further regulation under the Dodd-Frank Act.
 
 

Provisions in the Dodd-Frank Act include new capital and margin requirements and the mandatory use of clearinghouse mechanisms for many OTC derivative transactions.  The CFTC, the SEC and other federal regulators have been tasked with developing the rules and regulations enacting the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act.  Because there is a prescribed phase-in period during which most of the mandated rulemaking and regulations will be implemented, it is not possible at this time to gauge the exact nature and scope of the impact of the Dodd-Frank Act on the Fund.  However, it is expected that swap dealers, major market participants and swap counterparties will experience new and/or additional regulations, requirements, compliance burdens and associated costs.  The new law and the rules to be promulgated may negatively impact the Fund’s ability to meet its investment objective either through limits or requirements imposed on it or upon its counterparties.  In particular, any new position limits imposed on the Fund or its counterparties may impact the Fund’s ability to invest in futures, options, and swaps in a manner that efficiently meets its investment objective.  New requirements, even if not directly applicable to the Fund, including capital requirements and mandatory clearing, may increase the cost of the Fund’s investments and cost of doing business, which could adversely affect investors.

Warrants and Rights
The Fund may purchase, or receive as a distribution from other investments, warrants and rights, which are instruments that permit the Fund to acquire, by subscription, the capital stock of a corporation at a set price, regardless of the market price for such stock.  The principal difference between warrants and rights is their term-rights typically expire within weeks while warrants have longer durations.  Neither rights nor warrants have voting rights or pay dividends.  The market price of warrants is usually significantly less than the current price of the underlying stock.  Thus, there is a greater risk that warrants might drop in value at a faster rate than the underlying stock.

Initial Public Offerings
The Fund may invest in securities offered by companies in initial public offerings (“IPOs”).  Because IPO shares frequently are volatile in price, the Fund may hold IPO shares for a very short period of time.  This may increase the turnover of the Fund’s portfolio and may lead to increased expenses to the Fund, such as commissions and transaction costs.  By selling IPO shares, the Fund may realize taxable capital gains that it will subsequently distribute to shareholders.  Companies that offer securities in IPOs tend to typically have small market capitalizations and therefore their securities may be more volatile and less liquid than those issued by larger companies.  Certain companies offering securities in an IPO may have limited operating experience and, as a result face a greater risk of business failure.

Master Limited Partnerships
The Fund may invest in publicly traded master limited partnerships (“MLPs”) that are registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Securities Exchange Act”), and listed on a major United States stock exchange, if the issuer meets the Fund’s investment criteria.  MLPs are businesses organized as limited partnerships which trade their proportionate shares of the partnership (units) on a public exchange.  MLPs are required to pay out most or all of their cash flow in distributions.  This pass through creates passive income or losses, along with dividend and investment income. The MLPs the Fund may purchase are comprised of a general partner (the “GP”) and multiple limited partners (the “LP Holders”). The GP is responsible for the operations and the maintenance of the partnership’s businesses, while the LP Holders assume economic risk up to their level of investment.  Typically, the GP has a 1% to 2% investment in the MLP, but can extract a higher percentage of the partnership’s profits as the MLP’s distributions increase.  This serves as an incentive to the GP to grow the partnership’s distributions.
 
 

Generally speaking, MLP investment returns are enhanced during periods of declining or low interest rates and tend to be negatively influenced when interest rates are rising.  As an income vehicle, the unit price can be influenced by general interest rate trends independent of specific underlying fundamentals.  In addition, most MLPs are fairly leveraged and typically carry a portion of a “floating” rate debt.  As such, a significant upward swing in interest rates would also drive interest expense higher.  Furthermore, most MLPs grow by acquisitions partly financed by debt, and higher interest rates could make it more difficult to make acquisitions.

Private Placements and Restricted Securities
The Fund may invest in restricted securities (securities with limited transferability under the securities laws) acquired from the issuer in “private placement” transactions.  Private placement securities are not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and are subject to restrictions on resale.  They are eligible for sale only to certain qualified institutional buyers, like the Fund, and are not sold on a trading market or exchange.  While private placement securities offer attractive investment opportunities otherwise not available on an open market, because such securities are available to few buyers, they are often both difficult to sell and to value.  Certain of the Fund’s investments may be placed in smaller, less seasoned, issuers that present a greater risk due to limited product lines and/or financial resources.  The issuer of privately placed securities may not be subject to the disclosure and other investor protection requirements of a public trade.  Additionally, the Fund could obtain material non-public information from the issuer of such securities that would restrict the Fund’s ability to conduct transactions in underlying securities.

Privately placed securities can usually only be resold to other qualified institutional buyers, or in a private transaction, or to a limited number of purchasers, or in limited quantities after they have been held for a specified period of time and other conditions are met pursuant to an exemption from registration.  The Fund may incur more cost in the disposition of such securities because of the time and legal expense required to negotiate a private placement.  Because of the limited market, the Fund may find it difficult to sell the securities when it finds it advisable to do so and, to the extent such securities are sold in private negotiations, they may be sold for less than the price for which they were purchased or less than their fair market value.

Privately placed securities cannot be resold to the public unless they have been registered under the Securities Act or pursuant to an exemption, such as Rule 144A.  Although securities which may be resold only to “qualified institutional buyers” in accordance with the provisions of Rule 144A under the Securities Act are technically considered “restricted securities,” the Fund may purchase Rule 144A securities without regard to the limitation on investments in illiquid securities, described in the “Illiquid Securities” section below, provided that a determination is made that such securities have a readily available trading market.  The Fund may also purchase certain commercial paper issued in reliance on the exemption from regulations in Section 4(2) of the Securities Act (“4(2) Paper”).  The Adviser will determine the liquidity of Rule 144A securities and 4(2) Paper under the supervision of the Board of Trustees.  The liquidity of Rule 144A securities and 4(2) Paper will be monitored by the Adviser, and if as a result of changed conditions it is determined that a Rule 144A security or 4(2) Paper is no longer liquid, the Fund’s holdings of illiquid securities will be reviewed to determine what, if any, action is required to assure that the Fund does not exceed its percentage limitation for investments in illiquid securities.
 
 

Cash Investments
The Fund may invest its assets in cash, cash equivalents, and high quality, short-term debt securities and money market instruments (together “Cash Investments”) to retain flexibility in meeting redemptions, paying expenses, and identifying and assessing investment opportunities.  Cash Investments include shares of other mutual funds, certificates of deposit, bankers’ acceptances, time deposits, savings association obligations, commercial paper, short-term notes (including discount notes), and other obligations.  If the market advances during periods when the Fund is holding a large Cash Investment, the Fund may not participate to the extent it would have if the Fund had been more fully invested.  To the extent that the Fund uses a money market fund for its Cash Investment, there will be some duplication of expenses because the Fund would bear its pro rata portion of such money market fund’s advisory fees and operational expenses.

Cash Investments are subject to credit risk and interest rate risk, although to a lesser extent than longer-term debt securities, due to Cash Investments’ short-term, significant liquidity, and typical high credit quality.

The Fund may invest in any of the following Cash Investments:

Money Market Mutual Funds.  Generally, money market mutual funds seek to earn income consistent with the preservation of capital and maintenance of liquidity.  They primarily invest in high quality money market obligations, including U.S. government obligations, bank obligations and high-grade corporate instruments.  These investments generally mature within 397 days from the date of purchase.  An investment in a money market mutual fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any government agency.

To the extent that the Fund invests in money market mutual funds, your cost of investing in the Fund will generally be higher since you will indirectly bear fees and expenses charged by the underlying money market mutual funds in addition to the Fund’s direct fees and expenses.  Furthermore, investing in money market mutual funds could affect the timing, amount and character of distributions to you and therefore may increase the amount of taxes payable by you.

Bank Certificates of Deposit, Bankers’ Acceptances and Time Deposits.  The Fund may acquire certificates of deposit, bankers’ acceptances and time deposits.  Certificates of deposit are negotiable certificates issued against monies deposited in a commercial bank for a definite period of time and earning a specified return.  Bankers’ acceptances are negotiable drafts or bills of exchange, normally drawn by an importer or exporter to pay for specific merchandise, which are “accepted” by a bank, meaning in effect that the bank unconditionally agrees to pay the face value of the instrument on maturity.  Certificates of deposit and bankers’ acceptances acquired by the Fund will be dollar-denominated obligations of domestic or foreign banks or financial institutions which at the time of purchase have capital, surplus and undivided profits in excess of $100 million (including assets of both domestic and foreign branches), based on latest published reports, or less than $100 million if the principal amount of such bank obligations are fully insured by the U.S. government.

In addition to purchasing certificates of deposit and bankers’ acceptances, to the extent permitted under the investment objective and policies stated above and in the Prospectus, the Fund may make interest-bearing time deposits or other interest-bearing deposits in commercial or savings banks.  Time deposits are non-negotiable deposits maintained at a banking institution for a specified period of time at a specified interest rate.
 
 

Savings Association Obligations.  The Fund may invest in certificates of deposit (interest-bearing time deposits) issued by savings banks or savings and loan associations that have capital, surplus and undivided profits in excess of $100 million, based on latest published reports, or less than $100 million if the principal amount of such obligations is fully insured by the U.S. government.

Commercial Paper, Short-Term Notes and Other Corporate Obligations.  The Fund may invest a portion of its assets in commercial paper, short-term notes, and other corporate obligations.  Commercial paper consists of unsecured promissory notes issued by corporations.  Issues of commercial paper and short-term notes will normally have maturities of less than nine months and fixed rates of return, although such instruments may have maturities of up to one year.

Commercial paper and short-term notes will consist of issues rated at the time of purchase “A-2” or higher by S&P, “Prime-1” or “Prime-2” by Moody’s, or similarly rated by another nationally recognized statistical rating organization or, if unrated, determined by the Adviser to be of comparable quality.

Corporate obligations include bonds and notes issued by corporations to finance longer-term credit needs than supported by commercial paper.  While such obligations generally have maturities of ten years or more, the Fund may purchase corporate obligations which have remaining maturities of one year or less from the date of purchase and which are rated “A” or higher by S&P, “A” or higher by Moody’s, similarly rated by another nationally recognized statistical rating organization, or, if unrated, determined by the Adviser to be of comparable quality.

Investment Companies
The Fund may invest in other investment companies to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act. The Fund generally may purchase or redeem, without limitation, shares of any affiliated or unaffiliated money market funds, including unregistered money market funds, so long as the Fund does not pay a sales load or service fee in connection with the purchase, sale or redemption or if such fees are paid, and the Fund’s investment adviser waives its management fee in an amount necessary to offset the amounts paid.  With respect to other investments in investment companies, the 1940 Act generally limits the Fund from acquiring (i) more than 3% of the total outstanding shares of another investment company; (ii) shares of another investment company having an aggregate value in excess of 5% of the value of the total assets of the Fund; or (iii) shares of another registered investment company and all other investment companies having an aggregate value in excess of 10% of the value of the total assets of the Fund.

Investments by the Fund in other investment companies will be subject to the limitations of the 1940 Act (including limitations on sales charges), and the rules and regulations thereunder. By investing in securities of an investment company, the Fund’s shareholders will indirectly bear the fees and expenses of that underlying fund in addition to the Fund’s own fees and expenses.

Closed-End Funds. Closed-end funds are investment companies that typically issue a fixed number of shares that trade on a securities exchange or over-the-counter. The risks of investment in closed-end funds typically reflect the risk of the types of securities in which the funds invest. Investments in closed-end funds are subject to the additional risk that shares of the fund may trade at a premium or discount to their net asset value (“NAV”) per share. Closed-end funds come in many varieties and can have different investment objectives, strategies and investment portfolios. They also can be subject to different risks, volatility and fees and expenses. When the Fund invests in shares of a closed-end fund, shareholders of the Fund bear their proportionate share of the closed-end fund’s fees and expenses, as well as their share of the Fund’s fees and expenses.
 
 

Open-End Mutual Funds. Open-end mutual funds are investment companies that issue new shares continuously and redeem shares daily. The risks of investment of open-end mutual funds typically reflect securities in which the funds invest. The net asset value per share of an open-end fund will fluctuate daily depending upon the performance of the securities held by the fund. Each open-end fund may have a different investment objective and strategy and different investment portfolio. Different funds may also be subject to different risks, volatility and fees and expenses.  When the Fund invests in shares of an open-end fund, shareholders of the Fund bear their proportionate share of the open-end funds’ fees and expenses, as well as their share of the Fund’s fees and expenses.

Exchange-Traded Funds. Exchange Traded Funds (“ETFs”) are typically open-end investment companies that are bought and sold on a national securities exchange.  When the Fund invests in an ETF, it will bear additional expenses based on its pro rata share of the ETF’s operating expenses, including the potential duplication of management fees.  The risk of owning an ETF generally reflects the risks of owning the underlying securities it holds.  Many ETFs seek to replicate a specific benchmark index.  However, an ETF may not fully replicate the performance of its benchmark index for many reasons, including because of the temporary unavailability of certain index securities in the secondary market or discrepancies between the ETF and the index with respect to the weighting of securities or the number of stocks held.  Lack of liquidity in an ETF could result in an ETF being more volatile than the underlying portfolio of securities it holds.  In addition, because of ETF expenses, compared to owning the underlying securities directly, it may be more costly to own an ETF.

If the Fund invests in shares of an ETF, shareholders will indirectly bear fees and expenses charged by the underlying ETF in which the Fund invests in addition to the Fund’s direct fees and expenses.  The Fund also will incur brokerage costs when it purchases ETFs.  Furthermore, investments in other ETFs could affect the timing, amount and character of distributions to shareholders and therefore may increase the amount of taxes payable by investors in the Fund.

Securities Lending
The Fund may lend its securities in order to increase the return on its portfolio.  The SEC currently requires that the following conditions must be met whenever the Fund’s portfolio securities are loaned:  (1) the Fund must receive at least 100% cash collateral from the borrower; (2) the borrower must increase such collateral whenever the market value of the securities rises above the level of such collateral; (3) the Fund must be able to terminate the loan at any time; (4) the Fund must receive reasonable interest on the loan, as well as any dividends, interest or other distributions on the loaned securities, and any increase in market value; (5) the Fund may pay only reasonable custodian fees approved by the Board in connection with the loan; (6) while voting rights on the loaned securities may pass to the borrower, the Board must terminate the loan and regain the right to vote the securities if a material event adversely affecting the investment occurs, and (7) the Fund may not loan its portfolio securities so that the value of the loaned securities is more than one-third of its total asset value, including collateral received from such loans.  These conditions may be subject to future modification.  Such loans will be terminable at any time upon specified notice.  The Fund might experience the risk of loss if the institution with which it has engaged in a portfolio loan transaction breaches its agreement with the Fund.  In addition, the Fund will not enter into any portfolio security lending arrangement having a duration of longer than one year.  The principal risk of portfolio lending is potential default or insolvency of the borrower.  In either of these cases, the Fund could experience delays in recovering securities or collateral or could lose all or part of the value of the loaned securities.  As part of participating in a lending program, the Fund may be required to invest in collateralized debt or other securities that bear the risk of loss of principal.  In addition, all investments made with the collateral received are subject to the risks associated with such investments.  If such investments lose value, the Fund will have to cover the loss when repaying the collateral.
 
 

The Board appoints agents to be responsible for monitoring the creditworthiness of borrowers.  To the extent the Fund is participating in securities lending, on a quarterly basis, the Board reviews a report regarding the Fund’s loans.  Such report includes, among other things, the identity and value of all securities comprising each loan, the length of time that the loan has been outstanding, the amount earned by the Fund, the amount of fees paid in connection with the loan and the ratio of the value of the collateral to the value of the loan.
 
Any loans of portfolio securities are fully collateralized based on values that are marked-to-market daily.  Any securities that the Fund may receive as collateral will not become part of the Fund’s investment portfolio at the time of the loan and, in the event of a default by the borrower, the Fund will, if permitted by law, dispose of such collateral except for such part thereof that is a security in which the Fund is permitted to invest.  During the time securities are on loan, the borrower will pay the Fund any accrued income on those securities, and the Fund may invest the cash collateral and earn income or receive an agreed-upon fee from a borrower that has delivered cash-equivalent collateral.

Illiquid Securities
Historically, illiquid securities have included securities subject to contractual or legal restrictions on resale because they have not been registered under the Securities Act, securities which are otherwise not readily marketable, and securities such as repurchase agreements having a maturity of longer than seven days and purchased OTC options.  Securities which have not been registered under the Securities Act are referred to as private placements or restricted securities and are purchased directly from the issuer or in the secondary market.  In recent years, however, a large institutional market has developed for certain securities that are not registered under the Securities Act, including repurchase agreements, commercial paper, foreign securities, municipal securities and corporate bonds and notes.  Institutional investors depend on an efficient institutional market in which the unregistered security can be readily resold or on an issuer’s ability to honor a demand for repayment.  The fact that there are contractual or legal restrictions on resale to the general public or to certain institutions may not be indicative of the liquidity of such investments.  The Board of Trustees may determine that such securities are not illiquid securities notwithstanding their legal or contractual restrictions on resale.  In all other cases, however, securities subject to restrictions on resale will be deemed illiquid.  The Fund will determine a security to be illiquid if it cannot be sold or disposed of in the ordinary course of business within seven days at the value at which the Fund has valued the security.  Factors considered in determining whether a security is illiquid may include, but are not limited to: the frequency of trades and quotes for the security; the number of dealers willing to purchase and sell the security and the number of potential purchasers; the number of dealers who undertake to make a market in the security; the nature of the security, including whether it is registered or unregistered, and the market place; whether the security has been rated by an NRSRO; the period of time remaining until the maturity of a debt instrument or until the principal amount of a demand instrument can be recovered through demand; the nature of any restrictions on resale; and with respect to municipal lease obligations and certificates of participation, whether there is reasonable assurance that the obligation will remain liquid throughout the time the obligation is held and, if unrated, whether an analysis similar to that which would be performed by an NRSRO is performed.  The Fund will not hold more than 15% of the value of its net assets in illiquid securities, including repurchase agreements providing for settlement in more than seven days after notice, non-negotiable fixed time deposits with maturities over seven days, over-the-counter options and certain restricted securities not determined by the Board of Trustees to be liquid.
 
 
 
Repurchase Agreements
The Fund may enter into repurchase agreements.  Under such agreements, the Fund agrees to purchase U.S. government obligations from a counterparty and the counterparty agrees to repurchase the securities at a mutually agreed upon time and price.  The repurchase price may be higher than the purchase price, the difference being income to the Fund, or the purchase and repurchase prices may be the same, with interest at a stated rate due to the Fund together with the repurchase price on repurchase.  In either case, the income to the Fund is unrelated to the interest rate on the security itself.  Such repurchase agreements will be made only with banks with assets of $500 million or more that are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or with government securities dealers recognized by the Federal Reserve Board and registered as broker-dealers with the SEC or exempt from such registration.  The Fund will generally enter into repurchase agreements of short durations, from overnight to one week, although the underlying securities generally have longer maturities.  The Fund may not enter into a repurchase agreement with more than seven days to maturity if, as a result, more than 15% of the value of the Fund’s net assets would be invested in illiquid securities including such repurchase agreements.  To the extent necessary to facilitate compliance with Section 12(d)(3) of the 1940 Act and Rule 12d3-1 promulgated thereunder, the Fund will ensure that repurchase agreements will be collateralized fully to the extent required by Rule 5b-3.

For purposes of the 1940 Act, a repurchase agreement is deemed to be a loan from the Fund to the seller of the U.S. government obligations that are subject to the repurchase agreement.  It is not clear whether a court would consider the U.S. government obligations to be acquired by the Fund subject to a repurchase agreement as being owned by the Fund or as being collateral for a loan by the Fund to the seller.  In the event of the commencement of bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings with respect to the seller of the U.S. government obligations before its repurchase under a repurchase agreement, the Fund could encounter delays and incur costs before being able to sell the underlying U.S. government obligations.  Delays may involve loss of interest or a decline in price of the U.S. government obligations.  If a court characterizes the transaction as a loan and the Fund has not perfected a security interest in the U.S. government obligations, the Fund may be required to return the securities to the seller’s estate and be treated as an unsecured creditor of the seller.  As an unsecured creditor, the Fund would be at the risk of losing some or all of the principal and income involved in the transaction.  As with any unsecured debt instrument purchased for the Fund, the Adviser seeks to minimize the risk of loss through repurchase agreements by analyzing the creditworthiness of the other party, in this case the seller of the U.S. government security.

Apart from the risk of bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings, there is also the risk that the seller may fail to repurchase the U.S. government obligations.  However, the Fund will always receive as collateral for any repurchase agreement to which it is a party securities acceptable to the Adviser, the market value of which is equal to at least 100% of the repurchase price, and the Fund will make payment against such securities only upon physical delivery or evidence of book entry transfer to the account of its Custodian.  If the market value of the U.S. government obligations subject to the repurchase agreement become less than the repurchase price (including interest), the Fund will direct the seller of the U.S. government obligations to deliver additional securities so that the market value of all securities subject to the repurchase agreement will equal or exceed the repurchase price.  It is possible that the Fund could be unsuccessful in seeking to enforce on the seller a contractual obligation to deliver additional securities.

Reverse Repurchase Agreements
The Fund may enter into reverse repurchase agreements for temporary purposes with banks and securities dealers if the creditworthiness of the bank or securities dealer has been determined by the Adviser to be satisfactory. A reverse repurchase agreement is a repurchase agreement in which the Fund is the seller of, rather than the investor in, securities and agrees to repurchase them at an agreed-upon time and price. Use of a reverse repurchase agreement may be preferable to a regular sale and later repurchase of securities because it avoids certain market risks and transaction costs.
 
 

At the time when the Fund enters into a reverse repurchase agreement, the Fund’s liquid assets (such as cash, U.S. government securities or other “high-grade” debt obligations), having a value at least as great as the purchase price of the securities to be purchased, will be segregated on the Fund’s books and held by the Custodian throughout the period of the obligation. The Fund’s use of reverse repurchase agreements creates leverage which increases its investment risk. If the income and gains on securities purchased with the proceeds of these transactions exceed the cost, the Fund’s earnings or net asset value will increase faster than otherwise would be the case; conversely, if the income and gains fail to exceed the cost, earnings or net asset value would decline faster than otherwise would be the case. The Fund intends to enter into reverse repurchase agreements only if the income from the investment of the proceeds is expected to be greater than the expense of the transaction, because the proceeds are invested for a period no longer than the term of the reverse repurchase agreement.

Borrowing
The Fund may borrow money in amounts of up to one-third of its total assets (including the amount borrowed) from banks.  In addition, the Fund is authorized to borrow money from time to time for temporary, extraordinary or emergency purposes or for clearance of transactions.  The use of borrowing by the Fund involves special risk considerations that may not be associated with other funds having similar objectives and policies.  Since substantially all of the Fund’s assets fluctuate in value, while the interest obligation resulting from a borrowing will be fixed by the terms of the Fund’s agreement with its lender, the net asset value per share of the Fund will tend to increase more when its portfolio securities increase in value and to decrease more when its portfolio assets decrease in value than would otherwise be the case if the Fund did not borrow funds.  In addition, interest costs on borrowings may fluctuate with changing market rates of interest and may partially offset or exceed the return earned on borrowed funds.  Under adverse market conditions, the Fund might have to sell portfolio securities to meet interest or principal payments at a time when fundamental investment considerations would not favor such sales.

Fundamental and Non-Fundamental Investment Limitations
The Trust (on behalf of the Fund) has adopted the following restrictions as fundamental policies, which may not be changed without the favorable “vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding voting securities” of the Fund, as defined under the 1940 Act.  Under the 1940 Act, the “vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding voting securities” means the vote of the holders of the lesser of (i) 67% of the shares of the Fund represented at a meeting at which the holders of more than 50% of its outstanding shares are represented; or (ii) more than 50% of the outstanding shares of the Fund.

The Fund may not:

1.
Issue senior securities, borrow money or pledge its assets, except that (i) the Fund may borrow from banks in amounts not exceeding one-third of its total assets (including the amount borrowed) less liabilities (other than borrowings); and (ii) this restriction shall not prohibit the Fund from engaging in options transactions, reverse repurchase agreements, purchasing securities on a when-issued, delayed delivery, or forward delivery basis or short sales in accordance with its objectives and strategies;
 
 
 
2.
Underwrite the securities of other issuers (except that the Fund may engage in transactions involving the acquisition, disposition or resale of its portfolio securities under circumstances where it may be considered to be an underwriter under the Securities Act);

3.
Purchase or sell real estate or interests in real estate, unless acquired as a result of ownership of securities (although the Fund may purchase and sell securities which are secured by real estate and securities of companies that invest or deal in real estate);

4.
Purchase or sell physical commodities or commodities contracts, unless acquired as a result of ownership of securities or other instruments and provided that this restriction does not prevent the Fund from engaging in transactions involving currencies and futures contracts and options thereon or investing in securities or other instruments that are secured by physical commodities;

5.
Make loans of money (except for the lending of the Fund’s portfolio securities, repurchase agreements and purchases of debt securities consistent with the investment policies of the Fund);

6.
Invest in the securities of any one industry or group of industries if, as a result, 25% or more of the Fund’s total assets would be invested in the securities of such industry or group of industries, except that the foregoing does not apply to securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies or instrumentalities; or

7.
With respect to 75% of the Fund’s total assets, purchase the securities of any issuer (other than securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government or any of its agencies or instrumentalities, or, to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any applicable exemptive relief, securities of other investment companies) if, as a result, (1) more than 5% of the Fund’s total assets would be invested in the securities of that issuer; or (2) the Fund would hold more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of that issuer.

Below is the only non-fundamental investment restriction applicable to the Fund.  This restriction can be changed by the Board of Trustees, but the change will only be effective after prior written notice is given to shareholders of the Fund.

The Fund may not hold more than 15% of the value of its net assets in illiquid securities.  Illiquid securities are those securities that cannot be disposed of within seven days in the ordinary course of business at approximately the amount at which the Fund has valued them.  Illiquid securities may include restricted securities not determined by the Board of Trustees to be liquid, non-negotiable time deposits, over-the-counter options, and repurchase agreements providing for settlement in more than seven days after notice.

Except with respect to borrowing and investments in illiquid securities, if a percentage or rating restriction on investment or use of assets set forth herein or in the Prospectus is adhered to at the time a transaction is effected, later changes in percentage resulting from any cause other than actions by the Fund will not be considered a violation.  With respect to borrowing, if at any time the Fund’s borrowings exceed one-third of its total assets (including the amount borrowed) less liabilities (other than borrowings), such borrowings will be reduced within three days, (not including Sundays and holidays) or such longer period as may be permitted by the 1940 Act, to the extent necessary to comply with the one-third limitation.
 
 

Management of the Fund

Board of Trustees
The management and affairs of the Fund are supervised by the Board of Trustees.  The Board of Trustees consists of five individuals.  The Trustees are fiduciaries for the Fund’s shareholders and are governed by the laws of the State of Delaware in this regard.  The Board of Trustees establishes policies for the operation of the Fund and appoints the officers who conduct the daily business of the Fund.

The Role of the Board of Trustees
The Board of Trustees provides oversight of the management and operations of the Trust.  Like all mutual funds, the day-to-day responsibility for the management and operation of the Trust is the responsibility of various service providers to the Trust and its individual series, such as the Adviser, Distributor, Administrator, Custodian, and Transfer Agent, each of whom are discussed in greater detail in this SAI.  The Board approves all significant agreements between the Trust and its service providers, including the agreements with the Adviser, Distributor, Administrator, Custodian and Transfer Agent.  The Board has appointed various individuals of certain of these service providers as officers of the Trust, with responsibility to monitor and report to the Board on the Trust’s day-to-day operations.  In conducting this oversight, the Board receives regular reports from these officers and service providers regarding the Trust’s operations.  The Board has appointed a Chief Compliance Officer (“CCO”) who reports directly to the Board and who administers the Trust’s compliance program and regularly reports to the Board as to compliance matters, including an annual compliance review.  Some of these reports are provided as part of formal “Board Meetings,” which are held four times per year, in person, and such other times as the Board determines is necessary, and involve the Board’s review of recent Trust operations.  From time to time one or more members of the Board may also meet with Trust officers in less formal settings, between formal Board Meetings to discuss various topics.  In all cases, however, the role of the Board and of any individual Trustee is one of oversight and not of management of the day-to-day affairs of the Trust and its oversight role does not make the Board a guarantor of the Trust’s investments, operations or activities.

Board Leadership Structure
The Board has structured itself in a manner that it believes allows it to effectively perform its oversight function.  The Board of Trustees is comprised of four Independent Trustees – Messrs. Roel C. Campos, David A. Massart, Leonard M. Rush and David M. Swanson – and one Interested Trustee – Mr. Robert J. Kern.  Accordingly, 80% of the members of the Board are Independent Trustees, who are Trustees that are not affiliated with any investment adviser to the Trust or their respective affiliates or other service providers to the Trust or any Trust series.  The Board of Trustees has established three standing committees, an Audit Committee, a Nominating Committee and a Valuation Committee, which are discussed in greater detail under “Board Committees” below.  Each of the Audit Committee and the Nominating Committee are comprised entirely of Independent Trustees.  The Independent Trustees have engaged independent counsel to advise them on matters relating to their responsibilities in connection with the Trust.

The Trust’s Chairman, Mr. Kern, is an “interested person” of the Trust, as defined by the 1940 Act, by virtue of the fact that he is an interested person of Quasar Distributors, LLC, which acts as principal underwriter to many of the Trust’s underlying funds.  Mr. Kern also serves as an Executive Vice President of the Administrator.  The Independent Trustees have appointed Leonard M. Rush as lead Independent Trustee, who coordinates activities of the Independent Trustees, acts as a liaison with the Trust’s service providers, officers, legal counsel, and other Trustees between meetings, helps to set Board meeting agendas, and serves as chair during executive sessions of the Independent Trustees.
 
 

In accordance with the fund governance standards prescribed by the SEC under the 1940 Act, the Independent Trustees on the Nominating Committee select and nominate all candidates for Independent Trustee positions.  Each Trustee was appointed to serve on the Board of Trustees because of his experience, qualifications, attributes and skills as set forth in the subsection “Trustee Qualifications” below.

The Board reviews its structure regularly in light of the characteristics and circumstances of the Trust, including: the unaffiliated nature of each investment adviser; the number of funds that comprise the Trust; the variety of asset classes that those funds reflect; the net assets of the Trust; the committee structure of the Trust; and the independent distribution arrangements of each of the Trust’s underlying funds.

The Board has determined that the appointment of a lead Independent Trustee and the function and composition of the Audit Committee and the Nominating Committee are appropriate means to address any potential conflicts of interest that may arise from the Chairman’s status as an Interested Trustee.  In addition, the inclusion of all Independent Trustees as members of the Audit Committee and the Nominating Committee allows all such Trustees to participate in the full range of the Board of Trustees’ oversight duties, including oversight of risk management processes discussed below.  Given the composition of the Board and the function and composition of its various committees as described above, the Trust has determined that the Board’s leadership structure is appropriate.

Board Oversight of Risk Management
As part of its oversight function, the Board receives and reviews various risk management reports and assessments and discusses these matters with appropriate management and other personnel, including personnel of the Trust’s service providers.  Because risk management is a broad concept comprised of many elements (such as, for example, investment risk, issuer and counter-party risk, compliance risk, operational risks, business continuity risks, etc.) the oversight of different types of risks is handled in different ways.  For example, the CCO regularly reports to the Board during Board Meetings and meets in executive session with the Independent Trustees and their legal counsel to discuss compliance and operational risks.  In addition, Mr. Rush, the Independent Trustee designated as the Audit Committee’s “audit committee financial expert,” meets with the President, Treasurer and the Fund’s independent registered public accounting firm to discuss, among other things, the internal control structure of the Fund’s financial reporting function. The full Board receives reports from the investment advisers to the underlying funds and the portfolio managers as to investment risks.

Trustees and Officers
The Trustees and officers of the Trust are listed below with their addresses, present positions with the Trust and principal occupations over at least the last five years.
 
 

Name, Address and
Age
 
Position(s)
Held with
the Trust
 
Term of
Office and
Length of
Time Served
 
Number of
Portfolios in
Trust
Overseen by
Trustee
 
Principal Occupation(s)
During the Past Five
Years
 
Other
Directorships
Held by Trustee
During the Past
Five Years
Independent Trustees
Leonard M. Rush, CPA
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Age: 69
 
Lead Independent
Trustee and Audit
Committee Chairman
 
Indefinite Term; Since April 2011
 
[…]
 
Retired, Chief Financial Officer, Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated, (2000-2011).
 
Independent Trustee
ETF, Series Solutions
([…] Portfolios) (2012-Present);
Director, Anchor Bancorp
Wisconsin, Inc.
(2011-2013)
Roel C. Campos, Esq.
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Age: 66
 
Trustee
 
Indefinite Term; Since April 2011
 
[…]
 
Partner, Locke Lord LLP (a law firm) (2011-present); Partner, Cooley LLP (a law firm) (2007-2011); Commissioner, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (2002-2007).
 
Director, WellCare
Health Plans, Inc.
(2013-Present);
Director, Regional
Management Corp.
(2012-Present)
David A. Massart
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Age: 48
 
Trustee and Valuation Committee Chairman
 
Indefinite Term; Since April 2011
 
[…]
 
Co-Founder and Chief Investment Strategist,
Next Generation Wealth Management, Inc.
(2005-present).
 
Independent Trustee,
ETF Series Solutions
([…] Portfolios) (2012-Present)
David M. Swanson
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Age: 58
 
 
Trustee
 
Indefinite Term; Since April 2011
 
[…]
 
Founder and Managing Principal, SwanDog Strategic Marketing, LLC (2006-present);
Executive Vice President, Calamos Investments (2004-2006).
 
Independent Trustee,
ALPS Variable
Investment Trust
([…] Portfolios) (2006-Present)
 
 
 
Name, Address and
Age
 
Position(s)
Held with
the Trust
 
Term of
Office and
Length of
Time Served
 
Number of
Portfolios in
Trust
Overseen by
Trustee
 
Principal Occupation(s)
During the Past Five
Years
 
Other
Directorships
Held by Trustee
During the Past
Five Years
Interested Trustee
Robert J. Kern*
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Age: 56
 
Chairman, and Trustee
 
Indefinite Term; Since
January 2011
 
[…]
 
Executive Vice President, U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC (1994-present).
 
None
Officers
James R. Arnold
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI
53202
Age: 58
 
President and
Principal Executive
Officer
 
Indefinite Term, Since
January 2011
 
N/A
 
Senior Vice President, U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC (2002-present).
 
N/A
Deborah Ward
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Age: 49
 
 
Vice President, Chief Compliance Officer and
Anti-Money Laundering
Officer
 
Indefinite Term; Since
April 2013
 
N/A
 
Senior Vice President, U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC (2004-present).
 
N/A
Brian R. Wiedmeyer
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Age: 42
 
Treasurer and Principal Financial Officer
 
Indefinite Term; Since
January 2011
 
N/A
 
Vice President, U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC (2005-present).
 
N/A
Jeanine M. Bajczyk, Esq.
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Age: 50
 
Secretary
 
Indefinite Term; Since
August 2015
 
N/A
 
Senior Vice President and Counsel, U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC (2006-present).
 
N/A
Mark Quade, Esq.
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Age: 33
 
Assistant Secretary
 
Indefinite Term; Since
June 2015
 
N/A
 
Assistant Vice President, U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC (2013-present); Law Clerk, U.S. Bancorp (2012-2013); Graduate, University of Minnesota Law School (2010-2013).
 
N/A
 
 
 
Name, Address and
Age
 
Position(s)
Held with
the Trust
 
Term of
Office and
Length of
Time Served
 
Number of
Portfolios in
Trust
Overseen by
Trustee
 
Principal Occupation(s)
During the Past Five
Years
 
Other
Directorships
Held by Trustee
During the Past
Five Years
Ryan L. Roell
615 E. Michigan St.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Age: 42
 
Assistant Treasurer
 
Indefinite Term; Since September 2012
 
N/A
 
Assistant Vice President, U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC (2005-present).
 
N/A
* Mr. Kern is an “interested person” of the Trust as defined by the 1940 Act by virtue of the fact that he is an interested person of Quasar Distributors, LLC, the Fund’s principal underwriter.
 
Trustee Qualifications
The Board believes that each of the Trustees has the qualifications, experience, attributes and skills appropriate to their continued service as Trustees of the Trust in light of the Trust’s business and structure.  The Trustees have substantial business and professional backgrounds that indicate they have the ability to critically review, evaluate and assess information provided to them.  Certain of these business and professional experiences are set forth in detail in the table above.  In addition, the Trustees have substantial board experience and, in their service to the Trust, have gained substantial insight as to the operation of the Trust.  The Board annually conducts a “self-assessment” wherein the effectiveness of the Board and the individual Trustees is reviewed.

In addition to the information provided in the table above, below is certain additional information concerning each individual Trustee.  The information provided below, and in the table above, is not all-inclusive.  Many of the Trustees’ qualifications to serve on the Board involve intangible elements, such as intelligence, integrity, work ethic, the ability to work together, the ability to communicate effectively, the ability to exercise judgment, the ability to ask incisive questions, and commitment to shareholder interests.

Mr. Campos’ trustee attributes include substantial industry experience, including being named to President Obama’s economic advisory board and transition team. He previously was a Commissioner of the SEC and has presided over hundreds of complex enforcement cases applying the Securities Act, the Securities Exchange Act, the 1940 Act, and the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.  Mr. Campos extensively participated in the crafting and adoption of many of the SEC’s recent regulatory initiatives, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, mutual fund governance and compliance rules and the new National Market System and has extensive experience advising corporate management teams and boards of directors with respect to enforcement, internal investigations, prosecutions, securities and international regulations and corporate governance.  The Board believes Mr. Campos’ experience, qualifications, attributes and skills on an individual basis and in combination with those of the other Trustees lead to the conclusion that he possesses the requisite skills and attributes as a Trustee to carry out oversight responsibilities with respect to the Trust.

Mr. Kern’s trustee attributes include substantial industry experience, including his 33 years of service with U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC (the fund accountant (“Fund Accountant”), fund administrator, transfer agent (“Transfer Agent”) and custodian to the Trust) where he manages business development and has previously managed the mutual fund transfer agent operation including investor services, account services, legal compliance, document processing and systems support.  He also serves as a board member of U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC and Quasar Distributors, LLC (the principal underwriter to the Trust).  The Board believes Mr. Kern’s experience, qualifications, attributes and skills on an individual basis and in combination with those of the other Trustees lead to the conclusion that he possesses the requisite skills and attributes as a Trustee to carry out oversight responsibilities with respect to the Trust.
 
 

Mr. Massart’s trustee attributes include substantial industry experience, including 22 years working with high net worth individuals, families, trusts and retirement accounts to make strategic and tactical asset allocation decisions, evaluate and select investment managers and manage client relationships.  He is currently the Chief Investment Strategist and lead member of the investment management committee of the SEC registered investment advisory firm he co-founded. Previously, he served as Managing Director of Strong Private Client and as a Manager of Wells Fargo Investments, LLC.  The Board believes Mr. Massart’s experience, qualifications, attributes and skills on an individual basis and in combination with those of the other Trustees lead to the conclusion that he possesses the requisite skills and attributes as a Trustee to carry out oversight responsibilities with respect to the Trust.

Mr. Rush’s trustee attributes include substantial industry experience, including serving in several different senior executive roles at various global financial services firms.  He most recently served as Managing Director and Chief Financial Officer of Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated and several other affiliated entities, and served as the Treasurer for Baird Funds.  He also served as the Chief Financial Officer for Fidelity Investments’ four broker-dealers and has substantial experience with mutual fund and investment advisory organizations and related businesses, including Vice President and Head of Compliance for Fidelity Investments, a Vice President at Credit Suisse First Boston, a Manager with Goldman Sachs, & Co. and a Senior Manager with Deloitte & Touche.  Mr. Rush has been determined to qualify as an Audit Committee Financial Expert for the Trust.  The Board believes Mr. Rush’s experience, qualifications, attributes and skills on an individual basis and in combination with those of the other Trustees lead to the conclusion that he possesses the requisite skills and attributes as a Trustee and as the lead Independent Trustee to carry out oversight responsibilities with respect to the Trust.

Mr. Swanson’s trustee attributes include substantial industry experience, including 34 years of senior management and marketing experience with 28 years dedicated to the financial services industry.  He is currently the Founder and Managing Principal of a marketing strategy boutique serving asset and wealth management businesses.  He has also served as Chief Operating Officer and Chief Marketing Officer of Van Kampen Investments, President and Chief Executive Officer of Scudder, Stevens & Clark, Canada, Ltd., Managing Director and Head of Global Investment Products at Morgan Stanley, Director of Marketing for Morgan Stanley Mutual Funds, Director of Marketing for Kemper Funds, and Executive Vice President and Head of Distribution for Calamos Investments.  The Board believes Mr. Swanson’s experience, qualifications, attributes and skills on an individual basis and in combination with those of the other Trustees lead to the conclusion that he possesses the requisite skills and attributes as a Trustee to carry out oversight responsibilities with respect to the Trust.

This discussion of the Trustees’ experience and qualifications is pursuant to SEC requirements, does not constitute holding out the Board of Trustees or any Trustee as having special expertise, and shall not impose any greater responsibility or liability on any such Trustee or the Board of Trustees by reason thereof.
 
 

Trustee and Management Ownership of Fund Shares
The following table shows the dollar range of Fund shares and shares in all portfolios of the Trust beneficially owned by the Trustees as of the calendar year ended December 31, 2014.

Name
Dollar Range of
Fund Shares Beneficially Owned
(None, $1-$10,000, $10,001-$50,000,
$50,001-$100,000, Over $100,000)
Aggregate Dollar Range of
Fund Shares in the Trust
Independent Trustees
   
Leonard M. Rush
None
None
Roel C. Campos
None
None
David A. Massart
None
None
David M. Swanson
None
$50,001-$100,000
Interested Trustee
   
Robert J. Kern
None
None

As of the date of this SAI, the Trustees and Officers of the Trust as a group did not own more than 1% of the outstanding shares of the Fund.

Board Committees
Audit Committee.  The Trust has an Audit Committee, which is comprised of the Independent Trustees.  The Audit Committee reviews financial statements and other audit-related matters for the Fund.  The Audit Committee also holds discussions with management and with the Fund’s independent registered public accounting firm concerning the scope of the audit and the auditor’s independence.

Nominating Committee.  The Trust has a Nominating Committee, which is comprised of the Independent Trustees.  The Nominating Committee is responsible for seeking and reviewing candidates for consideration as nominees for the position of trustee and meets only as necessary.

The Nominating Committee will consider nominees recommended by shareholders for vacancies on the Board of Trustees.  Recommendations for consideration by the Nominating Committee should be sent to the President of the Trust in writing together with the appropriate biographical information concerning each such proposed nominee, and such recommendation must comply with the notice provisions set forth in the Trust’s Bylaws.  In general, to comply with such procedures, such nominations, together with all required information, must be delivered to and received by the President of the Trust at the principal executive office of the Trust not later than 120 days, and no more than 150 days, prior to the shareholder meeting at which any such nominee would be voted on. Shareholder recommendations for nominations to the Board of Trustees will be accepted on an ongoing basis.  The Nominating Committee’s procedures with respect to reviewing shareholder nominations will be disclosed as required by applicable securities laws.

Valuation Committee.  The Trust has a Valuation Committee.  The Valuation Committee is responsible for the following: (1) monitoring the valuation of Fund securities and other investments; and (2) as required, when the Board of Trustees is not in session, determining the fair value of illiquid securities and other holdings after consideration of all relevant factors, which determinations are reported to the Board.  The Valuation Committee is currently comprised of one or more Independent Trustees and the Trust’s Chairman, President, and Treasurer.  The Valuation Committee meets as necessary when a price for a portfolio security is not readily available.
 
 

As the Fund is new, none of the Trust’s committees have met with respect to the Fund.

Trustee Compensation
The Independent Trustees each receive an annual retainer fee of $63,000 per calendar year, which compensates them for their service to the Trust and attendance at the four regularly scheduled quarterly meetings and one annual meeting, if necessary.  Each Independent Trustee also receives added compensation for each additional meeting attended of $1,500 for an in-person meeting and $1,000 for a telephonic meeting, as well as reimbursement for expenses incurred in connection with attendance at meetings.  The Chairman of the Audit Committee and the Valuation Committee each receive additional compensation of $5,000 per year and the lead Independent Trustee receives additional compensation of $6,000 per year.  The Interested Trustee does not receive any compensation for his service as Trustee.  The following compensation figures represent estimates for the Fund’s current fiscal year ending […]:

Name of Person/Position
Aggregate
Compensation
from the Fund1
Pension or
Retirement
Benefits
Accrued as
Part of Fund
Expenses
Estimated
Annual
Benefits Upon
Retirement
Total
Compensation
from the Fund
and the Trust2
Paid to
Trustees
Leonard M. Rush,
Lead Independent Trustee
and Audit Committee Chairman
$[…]
None
None
$[…]
Roel C. Campos,
Independent Trustee
$[…]
None
None
$[…]
David A. Massart,
Independent Trustee
and Valuation Committee Chairman
$[…]
None
None
$[…]
David M. Swanson,
Independent Trustee
$[…]
None
None
$[…]
Robert J. Kern,
Interested Trustee
None
None
None
None
 
1
Trustees fees and expenses are allocated among the Fund and any other series comprising the Trust.
 
2
The Trust includes other portfolios in addition to the Fund.

Control Persons and Principal Shareholders
A principal shareholder is any person who owns of record or beneficially 5% or more of the outstanding shares of the Fund.  A control person is one who owns beneficially or through controlled companies more than 25% of the voting securities of the Fund or acknowledges the existence of control.  A controlling person possesses the ability to control the outcome of matters submitted for shareholder vote by the Fund.  As of the date of this SAI, there were no principal shareholders or control persons of the Fund.

Investment Adviser
Investment advisory services are provided to the Fund by the Adviser, Ruby Capital Partners LLP, pursuant to an investment advisory agreement (the “Advisory Agreement”).

Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, the Adviser provides the Fund with investment research and advice and furnishes the Fund with an investment program consistent with the Fund’s investment objective and policies, subject to the supervision of the Board of Trustees. The Adviser determines which portfolio securities will be purchased or sold, arranges for the placing of orders for the purchase or sale of portfolio securities, selects brokers or dealers to place those orders, maintains books and records with respect to the securities transactions and reports to the Board of Trustees on the Fund’s investments and performance. The Adviser is solely responsible for making investment decisions on behalf of the Fund.  The Board of Trustees will have sole responsibility for selecting, evaluating the performance of, and replacing as necessary any of the service providers to the Fund, including the Adviser.
 
 

After an initial two-year period, the Advisory Agreement will continue in effect from year to year, only if such continuance is specifically approved at least annually by: (i) the Board of Trustees or the vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of the Fund (with respect to such Fund); and (ii) the vote of a majority of the Independent Trustees, cast in person at a meeting called for the purpose of voting on such approval.  The Advisory Agreement is terminable without penalty by the Trust, on behalf of the Fund, upon 60 days’ written notice to the Adviser, when authorized by either: (i) a majority vote of the Fund’s shareholders (with respect to such Fund); or (ii) by a vote of a majority of the Board of Trustees, or by the Adviser upon 60 days’ written notice to the Trust.  The Advisory Agreement will automatically terminate in the event of its “assignment,” as defined under the 1940 Act.  The Advisory Agreement provides that the Adviser under such agreement shall not be liable for any error of judgment or mistake of law or for any loss arising out of any investment or for any act or omission in the execution of portfolio transactions for the Fund, except for willful misfeasance, bad faith or negligence in the performance of its duties, or by reason of reckless disregard of its obligations and duties thereunder.

In consideration of the services provided by the Adviser pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, the Adviser is entitled to receive from the Fund a management fee computed daily and paid monthly, based on a percentage of the Fund’s average daily net assets, as specified in the Prospectus.  However, the Adviser may voluntarily agree to waive all or a portion of the management fees payable to it on a month-to-month basis, including additional fees above and beyond any contractual agreement the Adviser may have to waive management fees and reimburse Fund expenses.

Fund Expenses.  The Fund is responsible for its own operating expenses.  Pursuant to an Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Adviser and the Fund, the Adviser has agreed to reduce its management fees, and may reimburse the Fund for its operating expenses, as specified in the Prospectus.  The Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement is in effect indefinitely and can only be terminated with the consent of the Board of Trustees, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld.  Management fees reduced and Fund expenses reimbursed by the Adviser may be recouped by the Adviser for a period of three fiscal years following the fiscal year during which such reduction or reimbursement was made if such recoupment can be achieved without exceeding the expense limit in effect at the time the reduction and reimbursement occurred.
 
 

Portfolio Manager
As disclosed in the Prospectus, the Fund is managed by Mr. Adam Lippman (the “Portfolio Manager”).

The following table provides information regarding other accounts managed by the Portfolio Manager as of September 30, 2015:

Name of
Manager
Account Category
# of
Accounts
Total Assets of
Accounts
# of Accounts
Paying a
Performance Fee
Total Assets of
Accounts Paying a
Performance Fee
Adam Lippman
         
 
Registered investment companies
0
$0
0
$0
 
Other pooled investment vehicles
0
$0
0
$0
 
Other Accounts
0
$0 million
0
$0 million

The Portfolio Manager’s management of “other accounts” may give rise to potential conflicts of interest in connection with the management of the Fund’s investments, on the one hand, and the investments of the other accounts, on the other.  The other accounts may have the same investment objective as the Fund.  Therefore, a potential conflict of interest may arise as a result of the identical investment objectives, whereby the Portfolio Manager could favor one account over another.  Another potential conflict could include the Portfolio Manager’s knowledge about the size, timing and possible market impact of Fund trades, whereby the Portfolio Manager could use this information to the advantage of other accounts and to the disadvantage of the Fund.  However, the Adviser has established policies and procedures to ensure that the purchase and sale of securities among all accounts it manages are fairly and equitably allocated.

The Adviser compensates the Portfolio Manager for his management of the Fund.  The Portfolio Manager receives a base salary and discretionary bonus, based upon group profitability.  The base discretionary salary is determined by overall experience, expertise, and competitive market analyses. The performance bonus is based on multiple factors, including retention, the profitability of the firm and job performance.

Because the Fund had not commenced operations as of the date of this SAI, the Portfolio Manager did not own any shares of the Fund.

Service Providers
Pursuant to an administration agreement (the “Administration Agreement”) between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC (“USBFS”), 615 East Michigan Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 53202 (the “Administrator”), the Administrator acts as the Fund’s administrator.  The Administrator provides certain administrative services to the Fund, including, among other responsibilities, coordinating the negotiation of contracts and fees with, and the monitoring of performance and billing of, the Fund’s independent contractors and agents; preparation for signature by an officer of the Trust of all documents required to be filed for compliance by the Trust and the Fund with applicable laws and regulations; arranging for the computation of performance data, including NAV per share and yield; responding to shareholder inquiries; and arranging for the maintenance of books and records of the Fund, and providing, at its own expense, office facilities, equipment and personnel necessary to carry out its duties.  In this capacity, the Administrator does not have any responsibility or authority for the management of the Fund, the determination of investment policy, or for any matter pertaining to the distribution of Fund shares.  Pursuant to the Administration Agreement, for its services, the Administrator receives from the Fund a fee computed daily and payable monthly based on the Fund’s average net assets, subject to an annual minimum fee.  USBFS also acts as Fund Accountant, Transfer Agent and dividend disbursing agent under separate agreements with the Trust.
 
 

Pursuant to a custody agreement between the Trust and the Fund, U.S. Bank N.A., an affiliate of USBFS, serves as the custodian of the Fund’s assets.  For its services, the Custodian receives a monthly fee based on a percentage of the Fund’s assets, in addition to certain transaction based fees and is reimbursed for out-of-pocket expenses.  The Custodian’s address is 1555 North Rivercenter Drive, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 53212.  The Custodian does not participate in decisions relating to the purchase and sale of securities by the Fund.  U.S. Bank, N.A. and its affiliates may participate in revenue sharing arrangements with service providers of mutual funds in which the Fund may invest.

Legal Counsel
Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. (“Bernstein”), 100 Middle Street, P.O. Box 9729, Portland, Maine 04104-5029, serves as counsel to the Fund.  Bernstein also serves as independent legal counsel to the Board of Trustees.

Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
[…], serves as the independent registered public accounting firm for the Fund.  Its services include auditing the Fund’s financial statements and the performance of related tax services.

Distribution of Fund Shares
The Trust has entered into a distribution agreement (the “Distribution Agreement”) with Quasar Distributors, LLC (the “Distributor”), 615 East Michigan Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53202, pursuant to which the Distributor acts as the Fund’s principal underwriter, provides certain administrative services and promotes and arranges for the sale of the Fund’s shares on a best efforts basis.  The offering of the Fund’s shares is continuous.  The Distributor, Administrator and Custodian are affiliated companies.  The Distributor is a registered broker-dealer and member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”).

The Distribution Agreement has an initial term of up to two years and will continue in effect only if such continuance is specifically approved at least annually by the Board of Trustees or by vote of a majority of the Fund’s outstanding voting securities and, in either case, by a majority of the Independent Trustees.  The Distribution Agreement is terminable without penalty by the Trust, on behalf of the Fund, on 60 days’ written notice when authorized either by a majority vote of the Fund’s shareholders or by vote of a majority of the Board of Trustees, including a majority of the Trustees who are not “interested persons” (as defined under the 1940 Act) of the Trust, or by the Distributor on 60 days’ written notice, and will automatically terminate in the event of its “assignment,” as defined in the 1940 Act.

Shareholder Servicing Plan
Pursuant to a Shareholder Servicing Plan (the “Plan”) adopted by the Trust on behalf of the Fund, the Adviser is authorized to provide, or arrange for others to provide personal shareholder services relating to the servicing and maintenance of shareholder accounts not otherwise provided to the Fund (“Shareholder Servicing Activities”).  Under the Plan, the Adviser may enter into shareholder service agreements with securities broker-dealers and other securities professionals (“Service Organizations”) who provide Shareholder Servicing Activities for their clients invested in the Fund, including affiliates of the Adviser.
 
 

Shareholder Servicing Activities shall include one or more of the following: (1) establishing and maintaining accounts and records relating for shareholders of the Fund; (2) aggregating and processing orders involving the shares of the Fund; (3) processing dividend and other distribution payments from the Fund on behalf of shareholders; (4) providing information to shareholders as to their ownership of Fund shares or about other aspects of the operations of the Fund; (5) preparing tax reports or forms on behalf of shareholders; (6) forwarding communications from the Fund to shareholders; (7) assisting shareholders in changing the Fund’s records as to their addresses, dividend options, account registrations or other data; (8) providing sub-accounting with respect to shares beneficially owned by shareholders, or the information to the Fund necessary for sub-accounting; (9) responding to shareholder inquiries relating to the services performed; (10) providing shareholders with a service that invests the assets of their accounts in shares pursuant to specific or pre-authorized instructions; and (11) providing such other similar services as the Adviser may reasonably request to the extent the Service Organization is permitted to do so under applicable statutes, rules or regulations.

As compensation for the Shareholder Servicing Activities, the Fund pays the Adviser an annual fee of up to 0.[…]% of the average daily net assets of the Fund’s Investor Class and Institutional Class shares owned by investors for which the Service Organization maintains a servicing relationship.

Distribution (Rule 12b-1) Plan
The Fund has adopted a distribution plan for Investor Class shares pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the 1940 Act (the “12b-1 Plan”).  Under the 12b-1 Plan, the Fund pays a fee to the Distributor for distribution and/or shareholder services (“Distribution and Service Fees”) at an annual rate of 0.25% of the Fund’s average daily net asset value of Investor Class shares.  The 12b-1 Plan provides that the Distributor may use all or any portion of such Distribution and Service Fees to finance any activity that is principally intended to result in the sale of Fund shares, subject to the terms of the 12b-1 Plan, or to provide certain shareholder services.  The 12b-1 Plan is intended to benefit the Fund by increasing its assets and thereby reducing the Fund’s expense ratio.

The Distribution and Service Fees are payable to the Distributor regardless of the distribution-related expenses actually incurred.  Because the Distribution and Service Fees are not directly tied to expenses, the amount of distribution fees paid by Investor Class shares during any year may be more or less than actual expenses incurred pursuant to the 12b-1 Plan.  For this reason, this type of distribution fee arrangement is characterized by the staff of the SEC as a “compensation” plan.

The Distributor may use the Distribution and Service Fees to pay for services covered by the 12b-1 Plan including, but not limited to, advertising, compensating underwriters, dealers and selling personnel engaged in the distribution of Fund shares, the printing and mailing of prospectuses, statements of additional information and reports, the printing and mailing of sales literature pertaining to the Fund, and obtaining whatever information, analyses and reports with respect to marketing and promotional activities that the Fund may, from time to time, deem advisable.

The 12b-1 Plan provides that it will continue from year to year upon approval by the majority vote of the Board of Trustees, including a majority of the Independent Trustees cast in person at a meeting called for that purpose, provided that such trustees have made a determination that there is a reasonable likelihood that the 12b-1 Plan will benefit the Fund and its shareholders.  It is also required that the Independent Trustees select and nominate all other trustees who are not “interested persons” of the Fund.  The 12b-1 Plan and any related agreements may not be amended to materially increase the amounts to be spent for distribution expenses without approval of shareholders holding a majority of the Fund shares outstanding.  All material amendments to the 12b-1 Plan or any related agreements must be approved by a vote of a majority of the Board of Trustees and the Independent Trustees, cast in person at a meeting called for the purpose of voting on any such amendment.
 
 

The 12b-1 Plan requires that the Distributor provide to the Board of Trustees, at least quarterly, a written report on the amounts and purpose of any payment made under the 12b-1 Plan.  The Distributor is also required to furnish the Board of Trustees with such other information as may reasonably be requested in order to enable the Board of Trustees to make an informed determination of whether the 12b-1 Plan should be continued.

As noted above, the 12b-1 Plan provides for the ability to use Fund assets to pay financial intermediaries (including those that sponsor mutual fund supermarkets), plan administrators and other service providers to finance any activity that is principally intended to result in the sale of Fund shares (distribution services) and for the provision of personal services to shareholders.  The payments made by the Fund to financial intermediaries are based primarily on the dollar amount of assets invested in the Fund through the financial intermediaries.  These financial intermediaries may pay a portion of the payments that they receive from the Fund to their investment professionals.  In addition to the ongoing asset-based fees paid to these financial intermediaries under the 12b-1 Plan, the Fund may, from time to time, make payments under the 12b-1 Plan that help defray the expenses incurred by these intermediaries for conducting training and educational meetings about various aspects of the Fund for their employees.  The Fund may also make payments under the 12b-1 Plan for exhibition space and to help defray the expenses these financial intermediaries incur in hosting client seminars where the Fund is discussed.

In addition, the Fund may participate in various “fund supermarkets” in which a mutual fund supermarket sponsor (usually a broker-dealer) offers many mutual funds to the sponsor’s customers without charging the customers a sales charge.  In connection with its participation in such platforms, the Distributor may use all or a portion of the Distribution and Service Fee to pay one or more supermarket sponsors a negotiated fee for distributing the Fund’s shares.  In addition, in its discretion, the Adviser may pay additional fees to such intermediaries from its own assets.

Portfolio Transactions and Brokerage
Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, the Adviser determines which securities are to be purchased and sold by the Fund and which broker-dealers are eligible to execute the Fund’s portfolio transactions.  Purchases and sales of securities on an exchange are affected through brokers that charge a commission while purchases and sales of securities in the over-the-counter market will generally be executed directly with the primary “market-maker” unless, in the opinion of the Adviser, a better price and execution can otherwise be obtained by using a broker for the transaction.  Purchases and sales of portfolio securities that are fixed income securities (for instance, money market instruments and bonds, notes and bills) usually are principal transactions.  In a principal transaction, the party from whom the Fund purchases or to whom the Fund sells is acting on its own behalf (and not as the agent of some other party, such as its customers).  These securities normally are purchased directly from the issuer or from an underwriter or market maker for the securities.  The price of securities purchased from underwriters includes a disclosed fixed commission or concession paid by the issuer to the underwriter, and prices of securities purchased from dealers serving as market makers reflects the spread between the bid and asked price.  The price of over-the-counter securities usually includes an undisclosed commission or markup.
 
 

Purchases of portfolio securities for the Fund will be effected through broker-dealers (including banks) that specialize in the types of securities that the Fund will be holding, unless better executions are available elsewhere.  Dealers usually act as principal for their own accounts.  Purchases from dealers will include a spread between the bid and the asked price.  If the execution and price offered by more than one dealer are comparable, the order may be allocated to a dealer that has provided research or other services as discussed below.

In placing portfolio transactions, the Adviser will use reasonable efforts to choose broker-dealers capable of providing the services necessary to obtain the most favorable price and execution available.  The full range and quality of services, such as the size of the order, the difficulty of execution, the operational facilities of the firm involved, the firm’s risk in positioning a block of securities, and other factors available, will be considered in making these determinations.  In those instances where it is reasonably determined that more than one broker-dealer can offer the services needed to obtain the most favorable price and execution available, consideration may be given to those broker-dealers that furnish or supply research and statistical information to the Adviser that it may lawfully and appropriately use in its investment advisory capacities, as well as provide other brokerage services incidental to execution services.  Research and statistical information may include reports that are common in the industry such as industry research reports and periodicals, quotation systems, software for portfolio management and formal databases. Typically, the research will be used to service all of the Adviser’s accounts, although a particular client may not benefit from all the research received on each occasion.  The Adviser considers research information, which is in addition to and not in lieu of the services required to be performed by it under its Advisory Agreement with the Fund, to be useful in varying degrees, but of indeterminable value.

While it is the Fund’s general policy to first seek to obtain the most favorable price and execution available in selecting a broker-dealer to execute portfolio transactions for the Fund, weight is also given to the ability of a broker-dealer to furnish brokerage and research services to the Fund or to the Adviser, even if the specific services are not directly useful to the Fund and may be useful to the Adviser in advising other clients.  In negotiating commissions with a broker or evaluating the spread to be paid to a dealer, the Fund may therefore pay a higher commission or spread than would be the case if no weight were given to the furnishing of these supplemental services, provided that the amount of such commission or spread has been determined in good faith by the Adviser to be reasonable in relation to the value of the brokerage and/or research services provided by such broker-dealer.  The standard of reasonableness is to be measured in light of the Adviser’s overall responsibilities to the Fund.

Investment decisions for the Fund are made independently from those of other client accounts.  Nevertheless, it is possible that at times identical securities will be acceptable for both the Fund and one or more of such client accounts.  In such event, the position of the Fund and such client account(s) in the same issuer may vary and the length of time that each may choose to hold its investment in the same issuer may likewise vary.  However, to the extent any of these client accounts seek to acquire the same security as the Fund at the same time, the Fund may not be able to acquire as large a portion of such security as it desires, or it may have to pay a higher price or obtain a lower yield for such security.  Similarly, the Fund may not be able to obtain as high a price for, or as large an execution of, an order to sell any particular security at the same time.  If one or more of such client accounts simultaneously purchases or sells the same security that the Fund is purchasing or selling, each day’s transactions in such security will be allocated between the Fund and all such client accounts in a manner deemed equitable by the Adviser, taking into account the respective sizes of the accounts and the amount being purchased or sold.  It is recognized that in some cases this system could have a detrimental effect on the price or value of the security insofar as the Fund is concerned.  In other cases, however, it is believed that the ability of the Fund to participate in volume transactions may produce better executions for the Fund.  Notwithstanding the above, the Adviser may execute buy and sell orders for accounts and take action in performance of its duties with respect to any of its accounts that may differ from actions taken with respect to another account, so long as the Adviser shall, to the extent practical, allocate investment opportunities to accounts, including the Fund, over a period of time on a fair and equitable basis and in accordance with applicable law.
 
 

Portfolio transactions may be placed with broker-dealers who sell shares of the Fund subject to rules adopted by FINRA and the SEC.  Portfolio transactions may also be placed with broker-dealers in which the Adviser has invested on behalf of the Fund and/or client accounts.

Portfolio Turnover
Although the Fund generally will not invest for short-term trading purposes, portfolio securities may be sold without regard to the length of time they have been held when, in the opinion of the Adviser, investment considerations warrant such action.  Portfolio turnover rate is calculated by dividing (1) the lesser of purchases or sales of portfolio securities for the fiscal year by (2) the monthly average of the value of portfolio securities owned during the fiscal year.  A 100% turnover rate would occur if all the securities in the Fund’s portfolio, with the exception of securities whose maturities at the time of acquisition were one year or less, were sold and either repurchased or replaced within one year.  A high rate of portfolio turnover (100% or more) generally leads to above-average transaction costs and could generate capital gains that must be distributed to shareholders as short-term capital gains taxed at ordinary income rates (currently as high as 39.6%).  To the extent that the Fund experiences an increase in brokerage commissions due to a higher portfolio turnover rate, the performance of the Fund could be negatively affected by the increased expenses incurred by the Fund and may result in a greater number of taxable transactions.

Code of Ethics
The Trust, the Adviser, and the Distributor have each adopted Codes of Ethics under Rule 17j-1 of the 1940 Act.  These Codes permit, subject to certain conditions, personnel of the Trust, Adviser and Distributor to invest in securities that may be purchased or held by the Fund.

Proxy Voting Procedures
The Board of Trustees has adopted proxy voting policies and procedures (“Proxy Policies”) wherein the Trust has delegated to the Adviser the responsibility for voting proxies relating to portfolio securities held by the Fund as part of the Adviser’s investment advisory services, subject to the supervision and oversight of the Board of Trustees.  Notwithstanding this delegation of responsibilities, however, the Fund retains the right to vote proxies relating to its portfolio securities.  The fundamental purpose of the Proxy Policies is to ensure that each vote will be in a manner that reflects the best interest of the Fund and its shareholders, taking into account the value of the Fund’s investments.

The actual voting records relating to portfolio securities during the most recent 12-month period ended June 30 will be available without charge, upon request, by calling toll-free, (800) SEC-0330 or by accessing the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

The Adviser’s Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures
The Adviser will vote proxies on behalf of the Fund in a manner that it believes is consistent with the best interests of the Fund and its shareholders.  Absent special circumstances, all proxies will be voted consistent with guidelines established and described in the Adviser’s Proxy Voting Policy and Guidelines.  A summary of the Adviser’s Proxy Voting Policy and Guidelines is as follows:
 
 

·     
The Adviser generally supports the management of the companies the Adviser invests in but will nonetheless form its own views on the strategy and governance of a business.
·     
The Adviser typically votes in favor of proposals for having a majority of independent directors on the board and for the separation of the office of chairman and CEO.
·     
The Adviser will vote to encourage:
o     
a) Boards of Directors containing a majority of independent directors;
o     
b) The Chairman of the Audit, Remuneration and Nomination committees being an independent, non-executive director.  In larger companies, such committees should be comprised exclusively of independent non-executive directors and in smaller companies, such committees should have at least a majority of independent nonexecutive directors;
o     
c) The position of Chairman of the Board not being held by an executive of the company, in particular, the Chief Executive Officer; and
o     
d) Boards of Directors being nominated individually. Therefore, we do not support any bundled voting of the Board.
·    
With respect to executive compensation, the Adviser supports:
o     
Variable compensation that is directly tied to pre-determined and measurable performance benchmarks that are consistent with the long term creation of shareholder value.
·    
The Adviser votes against the following practices:
a)    
Excessive dilution of current shareholders by issuing large numbers of shares to executives;
b)    
Unrestricted options, options priced below current fair value, and the post-issue reduction in the exercise price of options; and
c)    
Golden parachutes or other large settlement payments to departing executives, unless contractually obligated and previously disclosed to shareholders.
·    
The Adviser does not generally support takeover defense strategies.
·    
The Adviser votes to encourage companies to disclose their policy on political donations and will generally not support resolutions asking for approval to make direction donations to political parties.
·    
All proxies will be voted in accordance with any applicable investment restrictions of the Fund and, to the extent applicable, any resolutions or other instructions approved by the Board of Trustees.

Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Program
The Trust has established an Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Program (the “Program”) as required by the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (“USA PATRIOT Act”).  To ensure compliance with this law, the Trust’s Program provides for the development of internal practices, procedures and controls, designation of anti-money laundering compliance officers, an ongoing training program and an independent audit function to determine the effectiveness of the Program.  Ms. Deborah Ward has been designated as the Trust’s Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Officer.

Procedures to implement the Program include, but are not limited to: determining that the Distributor and the Transfer Agent have established proper anti-money laundering procedures; reporting suspicious and/or fraudulent activity; and a complete and thorough review of all new account applications.  The Fund will not transact business with any person or entity whose identity cannot be adequately verified under the provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act.
 
 

As a result of the Program, the Fund may be required to “freeze” the account of a shareholder if the shareholder appears to be involved in suspicious activity or if certain account information matches information on government lists of known terrorists or other suspicious persons, or the Fund may be required to transfer the account or proceeds of the account to a governmental agency.

Portfolio Holdings Information
The Trust, on behalf of the Fund, has adopted portfolio holdings disclosure policies (“Portfolio Holdings Policies”) that govern the timing and circumstances of disclosure of portfolio holdings of the Fund.  The Adviser has also adopted the Portfolio Holdings Policies.  Information about the Fund’s portfolio holdings will not be distributed to any third party except in accordance with these Portfolio Holdings Policies.  The Adviser and the Board of Trustees have considered the circumstances under which the Fund’s portfolio holdings may be disclosed under the Portfolio Holdings Policies.  The Adviser and the Board of Trustees have also considered actual and potential material conflicts that could arise in such circumstances between the interests of the Fund’s shareholders and the interests of the Adviser, Distributor or any other affiliated person of the Fund.  After due consideration, the Adviser and the Board of Trustees have determined that the Fund has a legitimate business purpose for disclosing portfolio holdings to persons described in the Portfolio Holdings Policies.  The Board of Trustees also has authorized its CCO to consider and authorize dissemination of portfolio holdings information to additional parties, after considering the best interests of the shareholders and potential conflicts of interest in making such disclosures.

The Board of Trustees exercises continuing oversight of the disclosure of the Fund’s portfolio holdings by (1) overseeing the implementation and enforcement of the Portfolio Holdings Policies, codes of ethics and other relevant policies of the Fund and its service providers by the CCO, (2) by considering reports and recommendations by the CCO concerning any material compliance matters (as defined in Rule 38a-1 under the 1940 Act), and (3) by considering whether to approve any amendment to these Portfolio Holdings Policies.  The Board of Trustees reserves the right to amend the Portfolio Holdings Policies at any time without prior notice in its sole discretion.

Disclosure of the Fund’s complete holdings is required to be made quarterly within 60 days of the end of each fiscal quarter, in the annual and semi-annual reports to Fund shareholders, and in the quarterly holdings report on Form N-Q.  These reports will be made available, free of charge, on the EDGAR database on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

In the event of a conflict between the interests of the Fund and its shareholders and the interests of the Adviser or an affiliated person of the Adviser, the CCO of the Adviser, in consultation with the Trust’s CCO, shall make a determination in the best interests of the Fund and its shareholders, and shall report such determination to the Board of Trustees at the end of the quarter in which such determination was made.  Any employee of the Adviser who suspects a breach of this obligation must report the matter immediately to the Adviser’s CCO or to his or her supervisor.

In addition, material non-public holdings information may be provided without lag as part of the normal investment activities of the Fund to each of the following entities which, by explicit agreement or by virtue of their respective duties to the Fund, are required to maintain the confidentiality of the information disclosed: the Administrator; the Fund’s Accountant; the Custodian; the Transfer Agent; the Fund’s independent registered public accounting firm; counsel to the Fund or the Board of Trustees (current parties are identified in this SAI); broker-dealers (in connection with the purchase or sale of securities or requests for price quotations or bids on one or more securities); and regulatory authorities.  Portfolio holdings information not publicly available with the SEC or on the Fund’s website may only be provided to additional third parties in accordance with the Portfolio Holdings Policies, when the Fund has a legitimate business purpose, and the third party recipient is subject to a confidentiality agreement.  Such portfolio holdings disclosure must be approved under the Portfolio Holdings Policies by the Trust’s CCO.
 
 

In no event shall the Adviser, its affiliates or employees, or the Fund receive any direct or indirect compensation in connection with the disclosure of information about the Fund’s portfolio holdings.

There can be no assurance that the Portfolio Holdings Policies and these procedures will protect the Fund from potential misuse of Fund information by individuals or entities to which it is disclosed.

Determination of Net Asset Value
The NAV of the Fund’s shares will fluctuate and is determined by the Fund Accountant as of the close of trading on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) (generally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time) each business day.  The NYSE annually announces the days on which it will not be open for trading.  The most recent announcement indicates that it will not be open on the following days: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.  However, the NYSE may close on days not included in that announcement.

The NAV of each class of shares is computed by determining the “Net Assets” of each class and dividing by the total number of shares outstanding of each class at such time.  The Net Assets of each class are calculated by (1) taking the value of all assets, less liabilities, held by the Fund and allocating such value to each share class based on the number of shares outstanding in each share class; (2) subtracting “Class Expenses” from each respective share class as defined and approved by the Board of Trustees and a majority of the Independent Trustees under the Trust’s Rule 18f-3 Multiple-Class Plan; and (3) subtracting from each share class non-class specific “Other Expenses” that are allocated to each class based on the net asset value of each class relative to the net asset value of the Fund or the Trust, as the case may be.

Net Assets Per Share Class
=
Net Asset Value Per Share Class
Shares Outstanding Per Share Class

The Fund’s assets are generally valued at their market price on the valuation date and are based on valuations provided by independent pricing services consistent with the Trust’s valuation procedures.  When market prices are not readily available, a security or other asset is valued at its fair value as determined under fair value pricing procedures approved by the Board of Trustees

Each security owned by the Fund that is listed on a securities exchange is valued at its last sale price on that exchange on the date as of which assets are valued.  Where the security is listed on more than one exchange, the Fund will use the price of the exchange that the Fund generally considers to be the principal exchange on which the stock is traded.  If no sale is reported, the security is valued at the mean between the last available bid and asked price.

Portfolio securities primarily traded on the NASDAQ Stock Market (“NASDAQ”) shall be valued using the NASDAQ Official Closing Price (“NOCP”) which may not necessarily represent the last sale price.  If the NOCP is not available, such securities shall be valued at the last sale price on the day of valuation, or if there has been no sale on such day, at the mean between the bid and asked prices. OTC securities that are not traded on NASDAQ shall be valued at the most recent trade price.
 
 

Fixed income securities are valued at the mean of the bid and asked prices as determined by an independent pricing service, taking into consideration recent transactions, yield, liquidity, risk, credit quality, coupon, maturity, type of issue and any other factors or market data the pricing service deems relevant. Fixed income securities with remaining maturities of 60 days or less are valued at amortized cost, which approximates fair value.

Foreign securities are generally valued in the same manner as the securities described above.  Foreign securities are priced in the local currencies as of the close of their primary exchange or market or as of the close of trading on the NYSE, whichever is earlier.  Foreign currencies are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rate as provided by a pricing service as of the close of trading on the NYSE.

Exchange traded options are generally valued at the composite price, using the National Best Bid and Offer quotes (“NBBO”).  NBBO consists of the highest bid price and lowest ask price across any of the exchanges on which an option is quoted, thus providing a view across the entire U.S. options marketplace.  Specifically, composite pricing looks at the last trades on the exchanges where the options are traded.  If there are no trades for the option on a given business day composite option pricing calculates the mean of the highest bid price and lowest ask price across the exchanges where the option is traded.

All other assets of the Fund are valued in such manner as the Board of Trustees in good faith deems appropriate to reflect their fair value.

Purchase and Redemption of Fund Shares

Generally
Shares of the Fund are sold in a continuous offering and shares may be purchased or redeemed on any business day that the Fund calculates its NAV.  The Fund may also authorize one or more financial intermediaries to accept purchase and redemption orders on its behalf (“Authorized Intermediaries”).  Authorized Intermediaries are authorized to designate other Authorized Intermediaries to accept orders on the Fund’s behalf.  An order is deemed to be received when the Fund or an Authorized Intermediary accepts the order.

Orders received by the Fund or an Authorized Intermediary by the close of trading on the NYSE (generally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time) on a business day will be effected at the applicable price per share determined as of the close of trading on the NYSE on that day.  Otherwise, the orders will be processed at the next determined applicable price.

Orders received by financial intermediaries that are not Authorized Intermediaries will be processed at the applicable price next calculated after the Transfer Agent receives the order from the financial intermediary.

Purchase Requests Must be Received in Good Order
 “Good order” generally means that your purchase request includes:

·
The name of the Fund;
·
The class of shares to be purchased;
·
The dollar amount of shares to be purchased;
·
Your account application or investment stub; and
·
A check or wire payable to the name of the Fund.
 
 
 
Shares of the Fund have not been registered and are not offered for sale outside of the United States.  The Fund generally does not sell shares to investors residing outside the United States, even if they are United States citizens or lawful permanent residents, except to investors with United States military APO or FPO addresses or in certain other circumstances where the Chief Compliance Officer and Anti-Money Laundering Officer for the Trust both conclude that such sale is appropriate and is not in contravention of United States law.

Redemption Requests Must be Received in Good Order
Your share price will be based on the next NAV per share calculated after the Transfer Agent or an Authorized Intermediary receives your redemption request in good order.  A redemption request will generally be deemed in “good order” if it includes:

·
The shareholder’s name;
·
The name of the Fund;
·
The class of shares to be redeemed;
·
The account number;
·
The share or dollar amount to be redeemed; and
·
Signatures by all shareholders on the account (with signature(s) guaranteed, if applicable).

Unless you instruct the Transfer Agent otherwise, redemption proceeds will be sent to the address of record.  The Fund will not be responsible for interest lost on redemption amounts due to lost or misdirected mail.

A signature guarantee of each owner is required in the following situations:

·
If ownership is changed on your account;
·
When redemption proceeds are payable or sent to any person, address or bank account not on record;
·
If a change of address request was received by the Transfer Agent within the last 15 calendar days; or
·
For all redemptions in excess of $100,000 from any shareholder account.

Non-financial transactions, including establishing or modifying certain services on an account, may require a signature guarantee, signature verification from a Signature Validation Program member, or other acceptable form of authentication from a financial institution source.  Signature guarantees, from either a Medallion program member or a non Medallion program member, can be obtained from banks and securities dealers, but not from a notary public.

The Fund may elect in the future to limit eligible signature guarantors to institutions that are members of a signature guarantee program.  The Fund and the Transfer Agent reserve the right to amend these standards at any time without notice.

Redemption-in-Kind
Under normal circumstances, the Fund does not intend to redeem shares in any form except cash.  The Trust, however, has filed a notice of election under Rule 18f-1 of the 1940 Act that allows the Fund to redeem in-kind redemption requests during any 90-day period in excess of the lesser of $250,000 or 1% of the net assets of the Fund, valued at the beginning of such period.  If the Fund pays your redemption proceeds by a distribution of securities, you could incur brokerage or other charges in converting the securities to cash, and will bear any market risks associated with such securities until they are converted into cash.
 
 

Cancellations and Modifications
The Fund will not accept a request to cancel or modify a transaction once processing has begun.

Tax Matters
Each series of the Trust is treated as a separate entity for federal income tax purposes.  The Fund, a series of the Trust, intends to qualify and elect to be treated as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Code, provided it complies with all applicable requirements regarding the source of its income, diversification of its assets and timing of distributions.  The Fund’s policy is to distribute to its shareholders all of its net investment company taxable income and any net realized long-term capital gains for each fiscal year in a manner that complies with the distribution requirements of the Code, so that the Fund will not be subject to any federal income or excise taxes based on net income.  However, the Fund can give no assurances that its anticipated distributions will be sufficient to eliminate all taxes.  If the Fund does not qualify as a regulated investment company, it would be taxed as a corporation and, in such case, it would be more beneficial for a shareholder to directly own the Fund’s underlying investments rather than indirectly owning the underlying investments through the Fund.  If the Fund fails to distribute (or be deemed to have distributed) by December 31 of each calendar year (i) at least 98% of its ordinary income for such year, (ii) at least 98.2% of the excess of its realized capital gains over its realized capital losses for the 12-month period ending on October 31 during such year and (iii) any amounts from the prior calendar year that were not distributed and on which the Fund paid no federal income tax, the Fund will be subject to a 4% excise tax.

Net investment income generally consists of interest, dividends, and short-term capital gains, less expenses.  Net realized capital gains for a fiscal period are computed by taking into account any capital loss carryforward of the Fund.

Distributions of net investment income are taxable to shareholders as ordinary income.  For individual shareholders, a portion of the distributions paid by the Fund may consist of qualified dividends eligible for taxation at the rate applicable to long-term capital gains to the extent the Fund designates the amount distributed as a qualified dividend and the shareholder meets certain holding period requirements with respect to his or her Fund shares.  In the case of corporate shareholders, a portion of the distributions may qualify for the intercorporate dividends-received deduction to the extent the Fund designates the amount distributed as eligible for deduction and the shareholder meets certain holding period requirements with respect to its Fund shares.  The aggregate amount so designated to either individuals or corporate shareholders cannot, however, exceed the aggregate amount of such dividends received by the Fund for its taxable year.  In view of the Fund’s investment policies, it is expected that part of the distributions by the Fund may be eligible for the qualified dividend income treatment for individual shareholders and the dividends-received deduction for corporate shareholders.

Any long-term capital gain distributions are taxable to shareholders as long-term capital gains regardless of the length of time shares have been held.  Net capital gains distributions are not eligible for the qualified dividend income treatment or the dividends-received deduction referred to in the previous paragraph.

Distributions of any net investment income and net realized capital gains will be taxable as described above, whether received in shares or in cash.  Shareholders who choose to receive distributions in the form of additional shares will have a cost basis for federal income tax purposes in each share so received equal to the NAV of a share on the reinvestment date.  Distributions are generally taxable when received.  However, distributions declared in October, November or December to shareholders of record on a date in such a month and paid the following January are taxable as if received on December 31.  Distributions are included in alternative minimum taxable income in computing a shareholder’s liability for the alternative minimum tax.
 
 

A redemption of Fund shares may result in recognition of a taxable gain or loss.  Any loss realized upon a redemption of shares within six months from the date of their purchase will be treated as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any amounts treated as distributions of long-term capital gains received on those shares.  Any loss realized upon a redemption may be disallowed under certain wash sale rules to the extent shares of the Fund are purchased (through reinvestment of distributions or otherwise) within 30 days before or after the redemption.

Except in the case of certain exempt shareholders, if a shareholder does not furnish the Fund with its correct Taxpayer Identification Number and certain certifications or the Fund receives notification from the Internal Revenue Service requiring back-up withholding, the Fund is required by federal law to withhold federal income tax from the shareholder’s distributions and redemption proceeds currently at a rate of 28% for U.S. residents.

Foreign taxpayers (including nonresident aliens) are generally subject to a flat withholding rate, currently 30% on U.S. source income.  This withholding rate may be lower under the terms of a tax convention.

This discussion and the related discussion in the Prospectus have been prepared by Fund management, and counsel to the Fund has expressed no opinion in respect thereof.

This section is not intended to be a full discussion of federal tax laws and the effect of such laws on you.  There may be other federal, state, foreign or local tax considerations to a particular investor.  You are urged to consult your own tax advisor.

Distributions
The Fund will receive income in the form of dividends and interest earned on its investments in securities.  This income, less the expenses incurred in its operations, is the Fund’s net investment income, substantially all of which will be distributed to the Fund’s shareholders.

The amount of the Fund’s distributions is dependent upon the amount of net investment income received by the Fund from its portfolio holdings, is not guaranteed, and is subject to the discretion of the Board of Trustees.  The Fund does not pay “interest” or guarantee any fixed rate of return on an investment in its shares.

The Fund may also derive capital gains or losses in connection with sales or other dispositions of its portfolio securities.  Any net gain the Fund may realize from transactions involving investments held less than the period required for long-term capital gain or loss recognition or otherwise producing short-term capital gains and losses (taking into account any carryover of capital losses from the eight previous taxable years), although a distribution from capital gains, will be distributed to shareholders with and as a part of the distributions of net investment income giving rise to ordinary income.  If during any year the Fund realizes a net gain on transactions involving investments held for the period required for long-term capital gain or loss recognition or otherwise producing long-term capital gains and losses, the Fund will have a net long-term capital gain.  After deduction of the amount of any net short-term capital loss, the balance (to the extent not offset by any capital losses carried over from the eight previous taxable years) will be distributed and treated as long-term capital gains in the hands of the shareholders regardless of the length of time the Fund’s shares may have been held by the shareholders.  For more information concerning applicable capital gains tax rates, see your tax advisor.
 
 

Any distribution paid by the Fund reduces that Fund’s NAV per share on the date paid by the amount of the distribution per share.  Accordingly, a distribution paid shortly after a purchase of shares by a shareholder would represent, in substance, a partial return of capital (to the extent it is paid on the shares so purchased), even though it would be subject to income taxes.

Distributions will be made in the form of additional shares of the Fund unless the shareholder has otherwise indicated.  Investors have the right to change their elections with respect to the reinvestment of distributions by notifying the Transfer Agent in writing.  However, any such change will be effective only as to distributions for which the record date is five or more business days after the Transfer Agent has received the written request.

Financial Statements
As the Fund has recently commenced operations and has not yet reached the end of its first fiscal year, there are no annual financial statements available at this time.  Shareholders in the Fund will be informed of the Fund’s progress through periodic reports when those reports become available.  Financial statements certified by an independent registered public accounting firm will be submitted to shareholders at least annually.
 
 
 
MANAGED PORTFOLIO SERIES (the “Trust”)
PART C
 
OTHER INFORMATION

Item 28.  Exhibits

(a)
(1)
 
Certificate of Trust – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on February 4, 2011
 
(2)
 
Amended and Restated Agreement and Declaration of Trust – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
(b)
   
Amended and Restated Bylaws – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
(c)
   
Instruments Defining Rights of Security Holders – incorporated by reference to the Amended and Restated Agreement and Declaration of Trust and Amended and Restated Bylaws filed on May 5, 2011
(d)
(1)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Nuance Concentrated Value Fund, and Nuance Investments, LLC – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Nuance Mid Cap Value Fund, and Nuance Investments, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 101 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 9, 2013
   
(ii)
Second Amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Nuance Concentrated Value Long-Short Fund, and Nuance Investments, LLC – to be filed
 
(2)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise MLP & Pipeline Fund, and Tortoise Capital Advisors, L.L.C. – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise North American Energy Independence Fund, and Tortoise Capital Advisors, L.L.C. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 68 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 1, 2013
   
(ii)
Second Amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise Select Opportunity Fund, and Tortoise Capital Advisors, L.L.C. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 90 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 27, 2013
 
 
1

 
 
   
(iii)
Third Amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise VIP MLP & Pipeline Portfolio, and Tortoise Capital Advisors, L.L.C. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 134 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 23, 2014
 
(3)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Cove Street Capital Small Cap Value Fund (formerly, CSC Small Cap Value Fund), and Cove Street Capital, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 14 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2011
 
(4)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the AC ONE China Fund, and AC ONE Asset Management, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 31 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 16, 2012
 
(5)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Reinhart Mid Cap Private Market Value Fund, and Reinhart Partners, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 32 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 29, 2012
 
(6)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the LK Balanced Fund, and Lawson Kroeker Investment Management, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 39 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on June 26, 2012
 
(7)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Bushido Capital Long/Short Fund, and Bushido Capital Partners LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 48 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 7, 2012
 
(8)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Advantus Strategic Dividend Income Fund, and Advantus Capital Management, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 50 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 11, 2012
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Advantus Short Duration Bond Fund, and Advantus Capital Management, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 153 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2014
   
(ii)
Second Amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Advantus Dynamic Managed Volatility Fund and the Advantus Managed Volatility Equity Fund, and Advantus Capital Management, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 179 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 25, 2015
 
 
2

 
 
 
(9)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the ATAC Inflation Rotation Fund, and Pension Partners, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 49 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 10, 2012
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the ATAC Beta Rotation Fund, and Pension Partners, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 129 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 9, 2014
 
(10)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Great Lakes Bond Fund, Great Lakes Large Cap Value Fund, Great Lakes Disciplined Equity Fund, and Great Lakes Small Cap Opportunity Fund, and Great Lakes Advisors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 56 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 28, 2012
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Great Lakes International Small Cap Fund, and Great Lakes Advisors, LLC – to be filed
 
(11)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Coho Relative Value Equity Fund, and Coho Partners, Ltd. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 80 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 8, 2013
 
(12)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Smith Group Large Cap Core Growth Fund and Smith Group Small Cap Focused Growth Fund, and Smith Asset Management Group, LP – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 100 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on November 19, 2013
 
(13)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Consilium Emerging Market Small Cap Fund, and Montage Investments, LLC– incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 102 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 10, 2013
 
(14)
 
Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement between Montage Investments, LLC and Consilium Investment Management, LLC relating to the Consilium Emerging Market Small Cap Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 102 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 10, 2013
 
(15)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Port Street Quality Growth Fund, and Port Street Investments LLC– incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 124 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 28, 2014
 
 
3

 
 
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Port Street Institutional Opportunities Fund, and Port Street Investments LLC – to be filed
 
(16)
 
Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement between Port Street Investments LLC and Saratoga Research & Investment Management relating to the Port Street Quality Growth Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 124 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 28, 2014
 
(17)
 
Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement between Port Street Investments LLC and Aristotle Capital Management, LLC relating to the Port Street Institutional Opportunities Fund – to be filed
 
(18)
 
Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement between Port Street Investments LLC and AMI Asset Management Corp relating to the Port Street Institutional Opportunities Fund – to be filed
 
(19)
 
Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement between Port Street Investments LLC and Vaughan Nelson Investment Management, L.P. relating to the Port Street Institutional Opportunities Fund – to be filed
 
(20)
 
Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement between Port Street Investments LLC and Segall Bryant & Hamill, LLC relating to the Port Street Institutional Opportunities Fund – to be filed
 
(21)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Muhlenkamp Fund, and Muhlenkamp & Company, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 140 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 25, 2014
 
(22)
 
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the TorrayResolute Small/Mid Cap Growth Fund, and TorrayResolute LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 156 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2014
  (23)   
Investment Advisory Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund, and Ruby Capital Partners LLP – to be filed
(e)
(1)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Nuance Concentrated Value Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A, filed with the SEC on May 26, 2011
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Nuance Mid Cap Value Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 101 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 9, 2013
   
(ii)
Second Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Nuance Concentrated Value Long-Short Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – to be filed
 
 
4

 
 
 
(2)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise MLP & Pipeline Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A, filed with the SEC on May 26, 2011
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise MLP & Pipeline Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 68 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 1, 2013
   
(ii)
Second Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise MLP & Pipeline Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 68 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 1, 2013
   
(iii)
Third Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise North American Energy Independence Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 68 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 1, 2013
   
(iv)
Fourth Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise Select Opportunity Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 90 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 27, 2013
   
(v)
Fifth Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise VIP MLP & Pipeline Portfolio, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 134 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 23, 2014
 
(3)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Cove Street Capital Small Cap Value Fund (formerly, CSC Small Cap Value Fund), and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 14 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2011
 
(4)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the AC ONE China Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 31 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 16, 2012
 
(5)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Reinhart Mid Cap Private Market Value Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 32 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 29, 2012
 
 
5

 
 
 
(6)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the LK Balanced Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 39 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on June 26, 2012
 
(7)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Bushido Capital Long/Short Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 48 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 7, 2012
 
(8)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Advantus Strategic Dividend Income Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 50 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 11, 2012
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Advantus Short Duration Bond Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 153 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2014
   
(ii)
Second Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Advantus Dynamic Managed Volatility Fund and the Advantus Managed Volatility Equity Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 179 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 25, 2015
 
(9)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the ATAC Inflation Rotation Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 49 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 10, 2012
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the ATAC Beta Rotation Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 129 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 9, 2014
 
(10)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Great Lakes Bond Fund, Great Lakes Large Cap Value Fund, Great Lakes Disciplined Equity Fund, and Great Lakes Small Cap Opportunity Fund and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 56 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 28, 2012
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Great Lakes International Small Cap Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – to be filed
 
 
6

 
 
 
(11)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust on behalf of the Coho Relative Value Equity Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC –  incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 80 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 8, 2013
 
(12)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust on behalf of the Smith Group Large Cap Core Growth Fund and Smith Group Small Cap Focused Growth Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 100 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on November 19, 2013
 
(13)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust on behalf of the Consilium Emerging Market Small Cap Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 102 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 10, 2013
 
(14)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust on behalf of the Port Street Quality Growth Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 124 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 28, 2014
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Port Street Institutional Opportunities Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – to be filed
 
(15)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Muhlenkamp Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 140 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 25, 2014
 
(16)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the TorrayResolute Small/Mid Cap Growth Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 156 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2014
 
(17)
 
Distribution Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund, and Quasar Distributors, LLC – to be filed
(f)
   
Bonus or Profit Sharing Contracts – not applicable
(g)
(1)
 
Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
 
(2)
 
First Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 14 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2011
 
 
7

 
 
 
(3)
 
Third Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 31 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 16, 2012
 
(4)
 
Fourth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 32 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 29, 2012
 
(5)
 
Fifth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 39 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on June 26, 2012
 
(6)
 
Sixth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 48 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 7, 2012
 
(7)
 
Seventh Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 49 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 10, 2012
 
(8)
 
Eighth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 50 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 11, 2012
 
(9)
 
Ninth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 56 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 28, 2012
 
(10)
 
Tenth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association –  incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 68 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 1, 2013
 
(11)
 
Eleventh Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 80 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 8, 2013
 
(12)
 
Twelfth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 82 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 23, 2013
 
(13)
 
Thirteenth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 90 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 27, 2013
 
 
8

 
 
 
(14)
 
Fourteenth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 100 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on November 19, 2013
 
(15)
 
Fifteenth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 101 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 9, 2013
 
(16)
 
Sixteenth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 102 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 10, 2013
 
(17)
 
Seventeenth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 124 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 28, 2014
 
(18)
 
Eighteenth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 129 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 9, 2014
 
(19)
 
Nineteenth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 134 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 23, 2014
 
(20)
 
Twentieth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 140 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 25, 2014
 
(21)
 
Twenty-first Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 153 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2014
 
(22)
 
Twenty-second Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 156 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2014
 
(23)
 
Twenty-third Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 179 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 25, 2015
 
(24)
 
Twenty-fourth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – to be filed
 
(25)
 
Twenty-fifth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – to be filed
 
 
9

 
 
 
(26)
 
Twenty-sixth Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – to be filed
 
(27)
 
Twenty-seventh Amendment to the Custody Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bank National Association – to be filed
(h)
(1)
 
Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 14 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2011
   
(ii)
Third Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 31 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 16, 2012
   
(iii)
Fourth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 32 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 29, 2012
   
(iv)
Fifth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 39 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on June 26, 2012
   
(v)
Sixth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 48 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 7, 2012
   
(vi)
Seventh Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 49 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 10, 2012
   
(vii)
Eighth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 50 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 11, 2012
 
 
10

 
 
   
(viii)
Ninth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 56 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 28, 2012
   
(ix)
Tenth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC –  incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 68 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 1, 2013
   
(x)
Eleventh Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 80 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 8, 2013
   
(xi)
Twelfth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 82 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 23, 2013
   
(xii)
Thirteenth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 90 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 27, 2013
   
(xiii)
Fourteenth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 100 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on November 19, 2013
   
(xiv)
Fifteenth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 101 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 9, 2013
   
(xv)
Sixteenth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 102 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 10, 2013
   
(xvi)
Seventeenth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 124 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 28, 2014
 
 
11

 
 
   
(xvii)
Eighteenth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 129 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 9, 2014
   
(xviii)
Nineteenth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 134 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 23, 2014
   
(xix)
Twentieth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 140 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 25, 2014
   
(xx)
Twenty-first Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 153 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2014
   
(xxi)
Twenty-second Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 156 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2014
   
(xxii)
Twenty-third Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 179 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 25, 2015
   
(xxiii)
Twenty-fourth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
   
(xxiv)
Twenty-fifth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
   
(xxv)
Twenty-sixth Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
   
(xxvi)
Twenty-seventh Amendment to the Fund Administration Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
 
(2)
 
Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
 
 
12

 
 
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 14 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2011
   
(ii)
Third Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 31 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 16, 2012
   
(iii)
Fourth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 32 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 29, 2012
   
(iv)
Fifth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 39 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on June 26, 2012
   
(v)
Sixth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 48 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 7, 2012
   
(vi)
Seventh Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 49 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 10, 2012
   
(vii)
Eighth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 50 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 11, 2012
   
(viii)
Ninth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 56 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 28, 2012
   
(ix)
Tenth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC –  incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 68 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 1, 2013
   
(x)
Eleventh Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 80 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 8, 2013
 
 
13

 
 
   
(xi)
Twelfth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 82 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 23, 2013
   
(xii)
Thirteenth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 90 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 27, 2013
   
(xiii)
Fourteenth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 100 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on November 19, 2013
   
(xiv)
Fifteenth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 101 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 9, 2013
   
(xv)
Sixteenth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 102 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 10, 2013
   
(xvi)
Seventeenth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 124 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 28, 2014
   
(xvii)
Eighteenth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 129 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 9, 2014
   
(xviii)
Nineteenth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 134 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 23, 2014
   
(xix)
Twentieth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 140 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 25, 2014
 
 
14

 
 
   
(xx)
Twenty-first Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 153 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2014
   
(xxi)
Twenty-second Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 156 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2014
   
(xxii)
Twenty-third Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 179 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 25, 2015
   
(xxiii)
Twenty-fourth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
   
(xxiv)
Twenty-fifth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
   
(xxv)
Twenty-sixth Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
   
(xxvi)
Twenty-seventh Amendment to the Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
 
(3)
 
Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
   
(i)
First Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 14 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2011
   
(ii)
Third Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 31 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 16, 2012
   
(iii)
Fourth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 32 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 29, 2012
   
(iv)
Fifth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 39 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on June 26, 2012
 
 
15

 
 
   
(v)
Sixth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 48 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 7, 2012
   
(vi)
Seventh Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 49 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 10, 2012
   
(vii)
Eighth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 50 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 11, 2012
   
(viii)
Ninth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 56 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 28, 2012
   
(ix)
Tenth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC –  incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 68 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 1, 2013
   
(x)
Eleventh Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 80 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 8, 2013
   
(xi)
Twelfth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 82 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 23, 2013
   
(xii)
Thirteenth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 90 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 27, 2013
   
(xiii)
Fourteenth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 100 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on November 19, 2013
   
(xiv)
Fifteenth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 101 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 9, 2013
 
 
16

 
 
   
(xv)
Sixteenth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 102 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 10, 2013
   
(xvi)
Seventeenth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 124 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 28, 2014
   
(xvii)
Eighteenth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 129 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 9, 2014
   
(xviii)
Nineteenth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 134 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 23, 2014
   
(xix)
Twentieth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 140 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 25, 2014
   
(xx)
Twenty-first Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 153 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2014
   
(xxi)
Twenty-second Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 156 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2014
   
(xxii)
Twenty-third Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 179 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 25, 2015
   
(xxiii)
Twenty-fourth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
   
(xxiv)
Twenty-fifth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
   
(xxv)
Twenty-sixth Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
 
 
17

 
 
   
(xxvi)
Twenty-seventh Amendment to the Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement between the Trust and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC – to be filed
 
(4)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Nuance Concentrated Value Fund, the Nuance Mid Cap Value Fund and Nuance Concentrated Value Long-Short Fund, and Nuance Investments, LLC – to be filed
 
(5)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Tortoise MLP & Pipeline Fund, the Tortoise North American Energy Independence Fund, Tortoise Select Opportunity Fund and Tortoise VIP MLP & Pipeline Portfolio, and Tortoise Capital Advisors, L.L.C. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 168 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 30, 2015
 
(6)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Cove Street Capital Small Cap Value Fund (formerly, CSC Small Cap Value Fund), and Cove Street Capital Advisors – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 160 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on January 27, 2015
 
(7)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the AC ONE China Fund, and AC ONE Asset Management, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 172 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 23, 2015
 
(8)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Reinhart Mid Cap Private Market Value Fund, and Reinhart Partners, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 172 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 23, 2015
 
(9)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the LK Balanced Fund, and Lawson Kroeker Investment Management, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 172 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 23, 2015
 
(10)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Bushido Capital Long/Short Fund and Bushido Capital Partners LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 159 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on January 26, 2015
 
(11)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Advantus Strategic Dividend Income Fund, the Advantus Short Duration Bond Fund, Advantus Dynamic Managed Volatility Fund, Advantus Managed Volatility Equity Fund and Advantus Capital Management, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 179 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 25, 2015
 
 
18

 
 
 
(12)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the ATAC Inflation Rotation Fund and the ATAC Beta Rotation Fund, and Pension Partners, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 172 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 23, 2015
 
(13)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Great Lakes Bond Fund, Great Lakes Large Cap Value Fund, Great Lakes Disciplined Equity Fund, Great Lakes Small Cap Opportunity Fund, and Great Lakes International Small Cap Fund and Great Lakes Advisors, LLC – to be filed
 
(14)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Coho Relative Value Equity Fund and Coho Partners, Ltd. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 172 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 23, 2015
 
(15)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of Smith Group Large Cap Core Growth Fund and Smith Group Small Cap Focused Growth, and Smith Asset Management Group, LP – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 172 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 23, 2015
 
(16)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of Consilium Emerging Market Small Cap Fund, and Montage Investments, LLC, and Consilium Investment Management LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 167 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 26, 2015
 
(17)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of Port Street Quality Growth Fund, Port Street Institutional Opportunities Fund, and Port Street Investments LLC – to be filed
 
(18)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of Muhlenkamp Fund, and Muhlenkamp & Company, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 140 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 25, 2014
 
(19)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of TorrayResolute Small/Mid Cap Growth Fund, and TorrayResolute LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 156 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2014
 
(20)
 
Operating Expenses Limitation Agreement between the Trust, on behalf of Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund, and Ruby Capital Partners LLP – to be filed
(i)
(1)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. for the Nuance Concentrated Value Fund and the Tortoise MLP & Pipeline Fund – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
 
 
19

 
 
 
(2)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. for the Cove Street Capital Small Cap Value Fund (formerly, CSC Small Cap Value Fund) – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-14, filed with the SEC on October 25, 2011
 
(3)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. for the AC ONE China Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 31 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 16, 2012
 
(4)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. for the Reinhart Mid Cap Private Market Value Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 32 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 29, 2012
 
(5)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. for the Lawson Kroeker Balanced Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 39 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on June 26, 2012
 
(6)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. for the Bushido Capital Long/Short Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 48 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 7, 2012
 
(7)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. for the Advantus Strategic Dividend Income Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 50 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 11, 2012
 
(8)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. for the ATAC Inflation Rotation Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 49 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 10, 2012
 
(9)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. for the Great Lakes Bond Fund, Great Lakes Large Cap Value Fund, Great Lakes Disciplined Equity Fund, and Great Lakes Small Cap Opportunity Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 61 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on October 9, 2012
 
(10)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Tortoise North American Energy Independence Fund –  incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 68 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 1, 2013
 
(11)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Coho Relative Value Equity Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 80 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 8, 2013
 
 
20

 
 
 
(12)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Tortoise Select Opportunity Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 91 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 30, 2013
 
(13)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for Smith Group Large Cap Core Growth Fund – incorporated herein by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement filed on Form N-14 filed on October 1, 2013.
 
(14)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for Smith Group Small Cap Focused Growth Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 100 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on November 19, 2013
 
(15)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Nuance Mid Cap Value Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 101 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 9, 2013
 
(16)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Consilium Emerging Market Small Cap Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 102 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 10, 2013
 
(17)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Port Street Quality Growth Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 124 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 28, 2014
 
(18)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the ATAC Beta Rotation Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 129 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 9, 2014
 
(19)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Tortoise VIP MLP & Pipeline Portfolio – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 134 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on April 23, 2014
 
(20)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Muhlenkamp Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 140 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 25, 2014
 
(21)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Advantus Short Duration Bond Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 153 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2014
 
 
21

 
 
 
(22)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the TorrayResolute Small/Mid Cap Growth Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 156 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2014
 
(23)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Advantus Dynamic Managed Volatility Fund and the Advantus Managed Volatility Equity Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 179 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 25, 2015
 
(24)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Great Lakes International Small Cap Fund – to be filed
 
(25)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Nuance Concentrated Value Long-Short Fund – to be filed
 
(26)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Port Street Institutional Opportunities Fund – to be filed
 
(27)
 
Opinion and Consent of Counsel by Bernstein, Shur, Sawyer & Nelson, P.A. for the Infusive Happy Consumer Choices Fund – to be filed
(j)
(1)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by KPMG LLP for the Cove Street Capital Small Cap Value Fund (formerly, CSC Small Cap Value Fund) – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 14 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 16, 2011
 
(2)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Ernst & Young, LLP. for the Tortoise MLP & Pipeline Fund, the Tortoise North American Fund and the Tortoise Select Opportunity Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 168 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 30, 2015
 
(3)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the Nuance Concentrated Value Fund and Nuance Mid Cap Value Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 176 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 25, 2015
 
(4)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the Cove Street Capital Small Cap Value Fund (formerly, CSC Small Cap Value Fund) – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 160 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on January 27, 2015
 
 
22

 
 
 
(5)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Ernst & Young, LLP. for the Great Lakes Bond Fund, the Great Lakes Large Cap Value Fund, the Great Lakes Disciplined Equity Fund, and the Great Lakes Small Cap Opportunity Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 172 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 23, 2015
 
(6)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the Reinhart Midcap Private Market Value Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 178 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 23, 2015
 
(7)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the LK Balanced Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 147 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on October 22, 2014
 
(8)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the AC ONE China Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 148 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on October 23, 2014
 
(9)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd.  for the Advantus Strategic Dividend Income Fund, Advantus Short Duration Bond Fund, Advantus Dynamic Managed Volatility Fund, and Advantus Managed Volatility Equity Fund –  incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 179 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 25, 2015
 
(10)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the ATAC Inflation Rotation Fund and ATAC Beta Rotation Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 155 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 22, 2014
 
(11)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the Bushido Capital Long/Short Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 159 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on January 26, 2015
 
(12)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the Coho Relative Value Equity Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 151 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on November 20, 2014
 
 
23

 
 
 
(13)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the Smith Group Large Cap Core Growth Fund and the Smith Group Small Cap Focused Growth Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 161 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on January 28, 2015
 
(14)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the Muhlenkamp Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 165 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on February 25, 2015
 
(15)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the Consilium Emerging Market Small Cap Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 167 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 26, 2015
 
(16)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Ernst & Young, LLP. for the Tortoise VIP MLP & Pipeline Portfolio – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 168 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 30, 2015
 
(17)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm by Cohen Fund Audit Services, Ltd. for the Port Street Quality Growth Fund – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 173 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 29, 2015
 
(18)
 
Power of Attorneys for Roel C. Campos, Robert J. Kern, David A. Massart, Leonard M. Rush and David M. Swanson dated April 6, 2011 – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
(k)
   
Omitted Financial Statements – not applicable
(l)
   
Seed Capital Agreements – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
(m)
   
Amended and Restated Rule 12b-1 Plan – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 179 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 25, 2015
(n)
   
Amended and Restated Rule 18f-3 Plan – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 156 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2014
(o)
   
Reserved
(p)
(1)
 
Code of Ethics for the Trust – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 15 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2011
 
 
24

 
 
 
(2)
 
Code of Ethics for Nuance Investments, LLC – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
 
(3)
 
Code of Ethics for Tortoise Capital Advisors, L.L.C. – incorporated herein by reference to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 5, 2011
 
(4)
 
Code of Ethics for Cove Street Capital, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 78 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 29, 2013
 
(5)
 
Code of Ethics for AC ONE Asset Management, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 31 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on May 16, 2012
 
(6)
 
Code of Ethics for Reinhart Partners, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 78 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 29, 2013
 
(7)
 
Code of Ethics for Lawson Kroeker Investment Management, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 78 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on July 29, 2013
 
(8)
 
Code of Ethics for Bushido Capital Partners LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 112 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on January 17, 2014
 
(9)
 
Code of Ethics for Advantus Capital Management, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 50 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 11, 2012
 
(10)
 
Code of Ethics for Pension Partners, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 49 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on September 10, 2012
 
(11)
 
Code of Ethics for Great Lakes Advisors, LLC and Advanced Investment Partners LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 61 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on October 9, 2012
 
(12)
 
Code of Ethics for Coho Partners, Ltd. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 80 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 8, 2013
 
(13)
 
Code of Ethics for Smith Asset Management Group, LP – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 100 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on November 19, 2013
 
(14)
 
Code of Ethics for Montage Investments, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 102 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 10, 2013
 
 
25

 
 
 
(15)
 
Code of Ethics for Consilium Investment Management LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 102 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 10, 2013
 
(16)
 
Code of Ethics for Port Street Investments LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 124 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 28, 2014
 
(17)
 
Code of Ethics for Saratoga Research & Investment Management – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 124 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 28, 2014
 
(18)
 
Code of Ethics for Muhlenkamp & Company, Inc. – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 140 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on August 25, 2014
 
(19)
 
Code of Ethics for TorrayResolute, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 156 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on December 30, 2014
 
(20)
 
Code of Ethics for Ruby Capital Partners LLP – to be filed
 
(21)
 
Code of Ethics for the Distributor, Quasar Distributors, LLC – incorporated herein by reference from Post-Effective Amendment No. 122 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form N-1A filed on March 19, 2014

Item 29.  Persons Controlled by or Under Common Control with Registrant

No person is directly or indirectly controlled by or under common control with the Registrant.

Item 30.  Indemnification

Reference is made to Article VII of the Registrant’s Amended and Restated Agreement and Declaration of Trust.  With respect to the Registrant, the general effect of these provisions is to indemnify any person (Trustee, officer, employee or agent, among others) who was or is a party to any proceeding by reason of their actions performed in their official or duly authorized capacity on behalf of the Trust.
 
        Pursuant to Rule 484 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, (the “1933 Act”) the Registrant furnishes the following undertaking:  “Insofar as indemnification for liability arising under the 1933 Act may be permitted to trustees, officers and controlling persons of the Registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the Registrant has been advised that, in the opinion of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the 1933 Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.  In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the Registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a trustee, officer or controlling person of the Registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such trustee, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the Registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the 1933 Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.”
 
 
 
26

 

Item 31.  Business and Other Connections of Investment Advisers
 
        With respect to the Advisers, the response to this Item will be incorporated by reference to the Advisers’ Uniform Applications for Investment Adviser Registration (“Form ADV”) on file with the SEC.  Each Adviser’s Form ADV may be obtained, free of charge, at the SEC’s website at www.adviserinfo.sec.gov.
 
 
 
27

 
 
Item 32.  Principal Underwriter.

 
(a)  
Quasar Distributors, LLC, the Registrant’s principal underwriter, acts as principal underwriter for the following investment companies:

Academy Funds Trust
Jacob Funds, Inc.
Advisors Series Trust
Jensen Portfolio, Inc.
Aegis Funds
Kirr Marbach Partners Funds, Inc.
Allied Asset Advisors Funds
LKCM Funds
Alpha Architect ETF Trust
LoCorr Investment Trust
Alpine Equity Trust
Lord Asset Management Trust
Alpine Income Trust
MainGate Trust
Alpine Series Trust
Managed Portfolio Series
Angel Oak Funds Trust
Matrix Advisors Value Fund, Inc.
Appleton Funds
Merger Fund
Barrett Opportunity Fund, Inc.
Monetta Trust
Bridge Builder Trust
Nicholas Family of Funds, Inc.
Bridges Investment Fund, Inc.
Oaktree Funds
Brookfield Investment Funds
Permanent Portfolio Family of Funds, Inc.
Brown Advisory Funds
Perritt Funds, Inc.
Buffalo Funds
PRIMECAP Odyssey Funds
CG Funds Trust
Professionally Managed Portfolios
Compass EMP Funds Trust
Prospector Funds, Inc.
DoubleLine Funds Trust
Provident Mutual Funds, Inc.
ETF Series Solutions
Purisima Funds
Evermore Funds Trust
Rainier Investment Management Mutual Funds
FactorShares Trust
RBC Funds Trust
First American Funds, Inc.
Stone Ridge Trust
FundX Investment Trust
Stone Ridge Trust II
Glenmede Fund, Inc.
Stone Ridge Trust III
Glenmede Portfolios
Thompson IM Funds, Inc.
Greenspring Fund, Inc.
Trust for Professional Managers
Guinness Atkinson Funds
Trust for Advised Portfolios
Harding Loevner Funds, Inc.
USA Mutuals
Hennessy Funds Trust
Wall Street Fund, Inc.
Hotchkis & Wiley Funds
Westchester Capital Funds
Intrepid Capital Management Funds Trust
Wisconsin Capital Funds, Inc.
IronBridge Funds, Inc.
YCG Funds

 
28

 
 
        (b)   To the best of Registrant’s knowledge, the directors and executive officers of Quasar Distributors, LLC are as follows:

Name and Principal
Business Address
Position and Offices with
Quasar Distributors, LLC
Positions and Offices
with Registrant
James R. Schoenike(1)
President, Board Member
None
Andrew M. Strnad(2)
Vice President, Secretary
None
Joe D. Redwine(1)
Board Member
None
Robert Kern(1)
Board Member
Chairman and Trustee
Susan LaFond(1)
Vice President, Treasurer
None
Joseph Bree(1)
Chief Financial Officer
None
Teresa Cowan(1)
Senior Vice President, Assistant Secretary
None
John Kinsella(3)
Assistant Treasurer
None
Brett Scribner(3)
Assistant Treasurer
None
 
(1)This individual is located at 615 East Michigan Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 53202.
(2)This individual is located at 6602 East 75th Street, Indianapolis, Indiana, 46250.
(3)This individual is located at 800 Nicollet Mall, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55402.

(c)            Not applicable.

Item 33.  Location of Accounts and Records

The books and records required to be maintained by Section 31(a) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 are maintained at the following locations:

Records Maintained By:
Are located at:
Registrant’s Fund Administrator, Fund
Accountant and Transfer Agent
U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC
615 East Michigan Street, 3rd Floor
Milwaukee, Wisconsin  53202
Registrant’s Custodian
U.S. Bank National Association
1555 N. Rivercenter Drive, Suite 302
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53212
Registrant’s Distributor
Quasar Distributors, LLC
615 East Michigan Street
Milwaukee, Wisconsin  53202
 
 
29

 
 
Records Maintained By:
Are located at:
Registrant’s Investment Advisers
AC ONE Asset Management, LLC
444 South Flower Street
Los Angeles, California 90071
 
Advantus Capital Management, Inc.
400 Robert Street North
St. Paul, Minnesota 55101
 
Bushido Capital Partners LLC
21 DuPont Circle NW, Suite 500
Washington, D.C. 20036
 
Coho Partners, Ltd.
300 Berwyn Park
801 Cassatt Road, Suite 100
Berwyn, Pennsylvania 19312
 
Cove Street Capital, LLC
2321 Rosecrans Avenue
El Segundo, California 90245
 
Great Lakes Advisors, LLC
222 South Riverside Plaza
Chicago, Illinois 60606