0001214659-12-005040.txt : 20121114 0001214659-12-005040.hdr.sgml : 20121114 20121114125321 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001214659-12-005040 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-Q PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 11 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20120930 FILED AS OF DATE: 20121114 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20121114 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: USA Synthetic Fuel Corp CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001487920 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: NATURAL GAS DISTRIBUTION [4924] IRS NUMBER: 133995258 STATE OF INCORPORATION: DE FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-Q SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 000-54044 FILM NUMBER: 121202645 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 312 WALNUT STREET, SUITE 1600 CITY: CINCINNATI STATE: OH ZIP: 45202 BUSINESS PHONE: (513) 762-7870 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 312 WALNUT STREET, SUITE 1600 CITY: CINCINNATI STATE: OH ZIP: 45202 10-Q 1 c111212010q.htm FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2012 c111212010q.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

x
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2012.

Or

o
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Transition Period From  ___ to ___.

Commission file number 000-54044

USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 
Delaware
13-3995258
 
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
 
Incorporation or Organization)
Identification No.)

312 Walnut Street, Suite 1600, Cincinnati, Ohio 45202
(Address of Principal Executive Offices, Including Zip Code)


(513) 762-7870
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)


Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), Yes x No o
and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).* Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer    
¨
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    
Smaller reporting company    
x


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x

There were 80,682,390 shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock issued and outstanding on September 30, 2012.
 


 
 

 

USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation
Index to Form 10-Q

 
Part I. Financial Information
 
Item 1
Financial Statements and notes (unaudited)
3
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011
4
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and prior periods.
5
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and prior periods.
6
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
8
Item 2
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
10
Item 3
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
24
Item 4T
Controls and Procedures
24
   
Part II. Other Information
 
Item 1
Legal Proceedings
25
Item 1A
Risk Factors
25
Item 2
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and use of Proceeds
26
Item 3
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
26
Item 4
Mine Safety Disclosures
26
Item 5
Other Information
26
Item 6
Exhibits
27
     
SIGNATURES
 
29
     
 
 
 
 

 
 
2

 
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and, therefore, do not include all information and footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of our financial position, results of operations, cash flows, and stockholders' equity in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations and financial position have been included and all such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature.

 
 
 

 
 
3

 

USA SYNTHETIC FUEL CORPORATION
(A Development Stage Company)
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)

Assets
 
       
   
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
   
(audited)
 
Current Assets
           
Cash
  $ 7,274,693     $ 1,117  
Restricted Cash
    3,000,097       -  
Prepaid Expense
    97,472       -  
Total Current Assets
    10,372,262       1,117  
 Property, Plant & Equipment
               
Lima Property
    6,439,429       6,439,429  
Impairment Reserve
    (6,439,429 )     (6,439,429 )
Site Work
    200,000       -  
Property, Plant & Equipment, Net
    200,000       -  
Other Assets
               
Escrowed Cash
    1,601,182       -  
BOE Energy
    50,000,001       1  
Total Other Assets
    51,601,183       1  
                 
Total Assets
  $ 62,173,445     $ 1,118  
                 
Liabilities and Equity
 
                 
Current Liabilities
               
Accounts Payable
  $ 129,836     $ 415,100  
Advances from Related Parties
    154,257       115,400  
Accrued Expenses
    -       18,345  
Accrued Interest, Note
    62,349       -  
Payroll Liabilities
    1,528,577       1,353,776  
Notes Payable
    -       53,000  
 Total Current Liabilities
    1,875,019       1,955,621  
                 
Long Term Liabilities
               
Notes Payable
    28,046,014       -  
Total Long Term Liabilities
    28,046,014       -  
                 
Total Liabilities
    29,921,033       1,955,621  
                 
Equity
               
Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
               
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 9,925,153  shares authorized, none issued or
outstanding
           
Series A super voting preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 2  shares  authorized,
none issued and outstanding
           
Series B preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 74,845 shares  authorized, none
issued or outstanding
           
Common stock, $0.0001par value, 300,000,000 shares  authorized  80,682,390
and 76,425,248 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
    8,067       7,641  
Additional paid-in-capital
    44,332,503       8,309,929  
Deficit accumulated during the development stage
    (12,088,159 )     (10,272,074 )
Total Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
    32,252,411       (1,954,504 )
Non-Controlling interest
    1       1  
Total Equity (Deficit)
    32,252,412       (1,954,503 )
Total Liabilities and Equity
  $ 62,173,445     $ 1,118  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements
 
 
4

 

 
USA SYNTHETIC FUEL CORPORATION
(A Development Stage Company)
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)

                               
   
Three
   
Three
   
Nine
   
Nine
   
Cumulative
Total
 
   
Months
   
Months
   
Months
   
Months
   
November 30,
2009
 
   
Ended
   
Ended
   
Ended
   
Ended
   
(Inception)
 
                           
to
 
   
September 30, 2012
   
September 30, 2011
   
September 30, 2012
   
September 30, 2011
   
September 30,
2012
 
                               
Operating Expenses
                             
General and Administrative Expenses
  $ 614,144     $ 557,830     $ 1,195,350     $ 1,329,206     $ 4,436,935  
Impairment Expense
                            6,439,429  
Net (loss) from Operation before Taxes
    (614,144 )     (557,830 )     (1,195,350 )     (1,329,206 )     (10,876,364 )
                                         
Other Income
    33,023             69,632             69,632  
Derivative Expense
    314,561                          
Interest Expense
    (686,427 )     (112,690 )     (690,367 )     (338,070 )     (1,281,427 )
Provision for Income Taxes
                             
Net (loss)
  $ (952,987 )   $ (670,520 )   $ (1,816,085 )   $ (1,667,276 )   $ (12,088,159 )
                                         
                                         
Net Loss Per Common Share – Basic and Diluted
  $ (0.01 )   $ (0.01 )   $ (0.02 )   $ (0.02 )        
                                         
Weighted Average Number of Common Shares
                                       
Outstanding
    78,882,390       75,583,110       78,553,819       75,569,430          
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements
 
 
5

 

USA SYNTHETIC FUEL CORPORATION
 
(A Development Stage Company)
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
                   
   
Nine
   
Nine
   
Cumulative Total
 
   
Months
   
Months
   
November 30,
 
   
Ended
   
Ended
   
2009 (Inception)
 
   
September 30,
   
September 30,
   
To
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
September 30, 2012
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
                 
Net (loss)
  $ (1,816,085 )   $ (1,667,276 )   $ (12,088,159 )
Adjustment to reconcile net loss to net cash provided
By (used in) operating activities:
                       
Employee Stock Compensation
                170,049  
Accumulated note fees amortization
    13,114             13,114  
 Loan fees amortization
    50,000             50,000  
Stock issued for services
          240,485       340,485  
Expenses paid by shareholder
                148,608  
Impairment Expense
                6,439,429  
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
                       
Prepaid expense
    (97,472 )           (97,472 )
Accounts payable
    (285,264 )     277,834       217.695  
Accrued Expenses
    (18,345 )     (35,000 )     -  
Payroll liabilities
    174,801       652,589       2,022,814  
Accrued Interest
    62,349       338,070       653,409  
Net Cash  used in operating activities
    (1,916,902 )     (193,298 )     (2,130,028 )
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
                       
Property Plant & Equipment:  Site Work
    (200,000 )           (200,000 )
Net Cash used in investing activities
    (200,000 )           (200,000 )
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
                       
Proceeds from sale of common stock
    11,000,000             11,000,100  
Stock issued for debt and accrued interest
          7,030,489       7,030,489  
Accrued interest
          (591,060 )     (591,060 )
Advance from related parties
    38,857       193,978       200,000  
Secured note payable
    5,000,000       (6,439,429 )     (1,439,429 )
Escrowed cash
    (1,601,200 )           (1,601,200 )
Restricted cash
    (3,000,000 )           (3,000,000 )
Fees on Secured Note
    (2,017,179 )           (2,017,179 )
Note payable, short term:
                       
Proceeds
    105,250             158,250  
Payments
    (135,250 )           (135,250 )
Net cash provided by financing activities
    9,390,478       193,978       9,604,721  
                         
Net increase (decrease) in cash
    7,273,576       680       7,274,693  
                         
Cash at beginning of the period
    1,117       40        
                         
Cash at end of period
  $ 7,274,693     $ 720     $ 7,274,693  
                         
 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
                       
                         
Interest paid
  $ 614,901           $ 614,901  
Income taxes paid
  $           $  
 
 
6

 
 
USA SYNTHETIC FUEL CORPORATION
 
(A Development Stage Company)
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Continued
(Unaudited)
 
                   
   
Nine
   
Nine
   
Cumulative Total
 
   
Months
   
Months
   
November 30,
 
   
Ended
   
Ended
   
2009 (Inception)
 
   
September 30,
   
September 30,
   
To
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
September 30, 2012
 
 
 
NON CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
       
 
       
Lima Property
  $ (50,000,000 )   $ (6,439,429 )   $ (56,439,429 )
Note Payable
    25,000,000       6,439,429       31,439,429  
Other Asset
                (1 )
Non-Controlling Interest
                1  
Stock Issued for debt and accrued interest
    25,023,000       7,030,489       32,681,328  
Accrued interest
          (591,060 )     (591,060 )
Note payable, Lima
          (6,439,429 )     (6,439,429 )
Advances from related parties
                (344,504 )
Payroll liabilities
    (210,902 )           (494,237 )
Accounts payable
    (87,859 )           (87,859 )
Notes payable, related party
    298,761             298,761  
Note payable, third party
    (23,000 )           (23,000 )
    $     $     $  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

 
7

 

USA SYNTHETIC FUEL CORPORATION
(A Development Stage Company)
Notes To The Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2012 (Unaudited)
 
NOTE 1 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
The interim unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-K as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Accordingly, these consolidated financial statements do not include all of the disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.  These interim unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the period ended December 31, 2011.  In the opinion of management, the interim unaudited consolidated financial statements furnished herein include all adjustments, all of which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim period presented.
 
The consolidated statements of operations and cash flows reflect the results of operations and the changes in cash flows of the Company for the period ended September 30, 2012.  Operating results for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2011.
 
NOTE 2 – RECENT TRANSACTIONS

On September 24, 2012, we entered into a $35 million debt financing transaction with Third Eye Capital Corporation (“Third Eye”), pursuant to a series of transactions among the Company, our affiliates and Third Eye, as described below and throughout this report on Form 10-Q.

Note Purchase Agreement
On September 24, 2012, we entered into a Note Purchase Agreement, dated as of September 24, 2012, by and among us, Lima Energy, Third Eye as administrative agent for the holders, and each of the holders of notes from time to time party thereto (the “Note Purchase Agreement”).  Pursuant to the Note Purchase Agreement, Lima Energy issued its 10% senior secured note in the aggregate principal amount of $30 million to Third Eye, as administrative agent for the holders (the “NPA Note”). The principal amount of the NPA Note is due August 31, 2015 and bears interest at the rate of 10% per annum, payable monthly.

Unit Purchase Agreement
On September 24, 2012, we entered into a Unit Purchase Agreement, dated as of September 24, 2012, by and among the Company, Lima Energy, Third Eye as agent for the unit purchasers, and each of the unit purchasers from time to time party thereto (the “Unit Purchase Agreement”). Pursuant to the Unit Purchase Agreement, Lima Energy received $2 million in exchange for the issuance by Lima Energy and the Company of a unit (the “Unit”) comprised of (i) an unfunded a $5,000,000 principal amount 4% subordinated secured convertible note due August 31, 2017 (the “Convertible Note”) issued by Lima to Strative Capital Ltd. (“Strative”) and (ii) a warrant (the “Warrant”) issued by the Company to Strative granting the right to purchase an aggregate of 10,312,500 shares of Common Stock.   This Subordinated Secured Convertible note the Company executed on September 24, 2012 is unfunded and therefore not recorded in this report at September 30, 2012.
 

Fuel Asset Purchase
On September 24, 2012, Lima Energy acquired a fuel asset of approximately 50 million net tons of Illinois Basin coal located in Vigo County Indiana pursuant to a Purchase and Sale Agreement.  The purchase price was $50 million, comprised of $25 million in cash and equivalents and $25 million in shares of common stock of the Company.

NOTE 3 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

The $5 million 4% Subordinated Secured Convertible note the Company executed on September 24, 2012 is unfunded and therefore not recorded in this report at September 30, 2012.  The net proceeds from the note are $2 million. The note can be converted into 10,312,500 shares of our common stock at the option of the holder.  In addition, the note carries warrants for an additional 10,312,500 shares of our common stock at a price of $0.48 per share, exercisable over a ten year period.  Funding will occur as soon as the Company achieves certain milestones.
 
In October 2012 we prepaid one year of interest in the amount of $3 million to Third Eye pursuant to the terms of the Note Purchase Agreement.
 
 
8

 

On October 26, 2012, the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, Lima Energy Company, entered into a Real Estate Acquisition and Development Agreement pursuant to which Lima Energy purchased 63.399 acres of land from the City of Lima, Ohio, on which it is constructing an environmental energy park with synthetic fuel production facilities.  The purchase price was $1.5 million.

In connection with the acquisition, Lima Energy agreed that certain funds will be contributed to a non-profit entity over the term of the Agreement for the benefit of long term economic development within the City of Lima.  At the signing of the Agreement, Lima made an initial contribution of $100,000.  It will contribute $100,000 per year for the next three years, and, commencing on the second calendar year immediately following commencement of commercial operations, it will contribute annually, for 20 years, the lesser of $5.0 million or 10% of net distributable cash flow of the Project, as those terms are defined in the Agreement.
 
 
9

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND FACTORS THAT MAY AFFECT FUTURE RESULTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions that, if they do not materialize or prove correct, could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, statements concerning: our plans, strategies and objectives for future operations; new products or developments; future economic conditions, performance or outlook; the outcome of contingencies; expected cash flows or capital expenditures; our beliefs or expectations; activities, events or developments that we intend, expect, project, believe or anticipate will or may occur in the future; and assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. Forward-looking statements may be identified by their use of forward-looking terminology, such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “should,” “would,” “will,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “projects” and similar words or expressions. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect our management’s opinions only as of the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and are not guarantees of future performance or actual results. Forward-looking statements are made in reliance upon the safe harbor provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) and the Private Securities Reform Act of 1995.

References to “we”, “us”, “USASF”, “USFC”, “the Company”, and “our Company” all  refer to USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation and its subsidiaries unless the context otherwise requires.

Overview

USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation (“USASF” or the “Company”) is an environmentally focused alternative energy company pursuing clean energy solutions based on gasification and other proven Btu conversion technologies.  USASF is a development stage company and, as of September 30, 2012 had $7,274,693 of cash on hand and no inception to date revenues. We intend to develop, finance, construct, own and operate Ultra Clean Btu Converters in the United States to convert lower value, solid hydrocarbons such as coal, petroleum coke and biomass into higher value, environmentally cleaner energy sources.  These lower value, solid hydrocarbons are one class of feedstock that may be used in gasification processes in order to manufacture synthetic fuel products.  Other classes of feedstock that may be used as feedstock to produce synthetic fuel include petroleum liquids, petroleum byproducts, asphaltenes, natural gas and other similar gases.  For the purposes of this quarterly statement, hereinafter the terms “solid hydrocarbon(s)”, “feedstock(s)”, and “solid hydrocarbon feedstock(s)” are used interchangeably in the remainder of this quarterly statement.  For this discussion, the terms “lower value” and “higher value” refer to the approximate market cost of the sources on a barrel of oil equivalent basis, which equals an equivalent energy content basis of 5.8 million British thermal units.  The produced energy sources such as synthetic natural gas and liquid transportation fuels are considered to be “environmentally cleaner” because they produce significantly reduced emissions of materials  of concern such as sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and particulates when burned compared with coal or petroleum coke.

On September 24, 2012, the Company completed a $35 million investment transaction with Third Eye Capital Corporation of Toronto, Canada (“Third Eye”) that provided substantial growth capital to enable the Company’s business plan to accelerate.  The transaction focused on moving the Company’s Lima Energy Gas 1 project forward to secure future revenue and earnings.  The Third Eye transaction enabled the Company to benefit from $36 million in equity capital and $35 million in debt capital.  From net proceeds, the Company was able to purchase a major energy asset that represents a 50 year fuel supply for the Lima Energy Gas 1 project.  The energy asset is approximately 50 million tons of Illinois Basin coal which has an energy equivalent of about 200 million BOE (barrels of oil equivalent) and will serve as a hedge against short term fuel supply contracts.  The project has petcoke as a primary feedstock with multiple supply points in the U.S. and Canada.  The adjacent refinery may also become a petcoke supply source and the project is also able to utilize coal and renewables.
 
 
10

 

 
The Third Eye transaction and related activities have subsequently enabled Lima Energy Company to complete the acquisition of the approximately 63 acre project site from the City of Lima on October 26, 2012.  The Company believes this long anticipated event unifies the project as it now moves forward with further site development and a groundbreaking on its Technology Innovation Center.  The project site has had initial site development and construction work done, resulting in 100,000 square feet of engineered concrete.  The project also has benefited from indirect funding of about $70 million by city, state and federal sources for supporting infrastructure.  In total, Lima Energy now owns a major fuel asset and has benefited from significant direct and indirect capital investments.  Lima Energy will seek to complete site development and construction with anticipated bond proceeds as more fully described below in Future Capital Requirements.

USASF plans to launch its integrated business strategy to control its solid hydrocarbon feed supply and costs, with flexibility in sourcing, to ensure continued low-cost production to satisfy sales commitments and create acceptable margins from its operations with the following major assets:

·
Lima Energy Company and the Lima Energy Project:  On June 11, 2010, the Company acquired from Global Energy, Inc. (“GEI”), a related party, all of the outstanding stock of Lima Energy Company (“Lima Energy”), a subsidiary of the Company and the project company for the Lima Energy Project.  GEI is considered a related party to the Company since our executive officer and chairman of our board of directors, Harry H. Graves, is also an executive officer and is beneficial holder of 46% of the stock of GEI.  In exchange for Lima Energy stock, the Company has agreed to pay GEI $6.4 million which represents the book value of construction-in-progress to date, and GEI has retained a 50% net cash flow interest in Gas 1, the first phase of the Lima Energy Project.  Payment of the consideration for this asset was made with a senior secured note to GEI dated as of June 11, 2010, as amended (the “Note”).  The Note carries a 7% per annum accrued interest, and is payable at the first to occur of (i) $400 million in Lima Energy financing, (ii) an equity offering by us of $75 million or more, or (iii) September 30, 2011.  The Company negotiated with GEI to clear the Note balance as of the September 30, 2011 due date.  GEI agreed to accept 1,004,356 shares of the Company’s common stock to clear the Note balance and accrued interest.  Accordingly, the Note has been paid in full as of September 30, 2011 and the security on Lima Energy Company has been released.  The construction in progress is located on land owned by the City of Lima and will only become available for our use when funding for the project is obtained and certain other conditions are met, the entire investment in the asset has been considered impaired by our management.  The Company recognized an impairment charge of $6.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010.  Lima Energy has agreed that it will complete the project site purchase prior to engaging in any further construction activities at the project site. On October 26, 2012 Lima Energy completed the purchase of the project site from the City.  The Lima Energy Project is being developed in three phases:  Gas 1, Gas 2, which combined are being designed to produce 8.0 million Barrels of Oil Equivalent (“BOE”) per year of synthetic fuel products, and Combined Cycle Gas Turbine which is being designed to produce 516 megawatt of electric power, as described in more detail below.  Lima Energy has completed initial construction of 100,000 square feet of engineered concrete and plans to complete construction upon financing.  The Lima Energy Project has been seeking financing for the project since the initial construction was completed in 2006.  The economic downturn commencing in 2007 has provided challenging circumstances for the project financing.  Buoyed by the recent $35 million investment from Canada, management continues to work to secure additional financing for the project, although we acknowledge that this is not certain, and we can give no assurances that such funding will be secured.
 
 
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·
Cleantech Energy Company and the Cleantech Energy Project:  The Cleantech Energy Project is being developed by our subsidiary, Cleantech Energy Company.  The projected cost for this Cleantech Energy Project is expected to be approximately $2.3 billion.  Note that project costs include capital, engineering, procurement and construction (“EPC”) and other owner costs incurred up to commencement of operations (such as interest during construction and development fees), but do not include annual fixed or variable facility operations and maintenance costs, including the cost of purchasing solid hydrocarbon feedstock which itself reflects the cost of extraction and delivery of the solid hydrocarbon. Financing for this project has not yet been secured.  The project will be located in Wyoming and it is our intent to use our energy asset of approximately 1.02 billion BOE of solid hydrocarbons.  On June 18, 2010, Cleantech Energy Company  purchased all of the right, title and interest in and to the energy asset, and all solid hydrocarbon BOE contained therein, and all other rights in and to the energy asset, including but not limited to the rights to produce the solid hydrocarbon from the property for commercial use from Interfuel E&P Ltd. pursuant to the Barrel of Oil Equivalent Energy Purchase & Sale Agreement between Interfuel E&P Ltd, an unrelated party, and Cleantech Energy Company, which is described in more detail below.  The Cleantech Energy Project is being designed to produce 30.6 million BOE per year of pipeline quality SNG and to capture and fully utilize the carbon dioxide (“CO2“) produced during the SNG manufacture in enhanced oil recovery and carbon capture and storage applications.

·
Solid hydrocarbon energy asset:  The Cleantech Energy Project will be located in Wyoming, and we plan to use the energy asset of approximately 1.02 billion BOE of solid hydrocarbons.  On June 18, 2010, Cleantech Energy Company  purchased all of the right, title and interest in and to the energy asset, and all solid hydrocarbon BOE contained therein, and all other rights in and to the energy asset, including but not limited to the rights to produce the solid hydrocarbon from the property for commercial use from Interfuel E&P Ltd. pursuant to the Barrel of Oil Equivalent Energy Purchase & Sale Agreement between Interfuel E&P Ltd, an unrelated party, and Cleantech Energy Company .  This energy asset is located in Wyoming adjacent to our planned Cleantech Energy Project.  Mobil Mining and Minerals Company, which is not a related party to, and has no overlapping ownership interests with, either USASF or GEI, held the rights to the BOE Energy asset and conducted the exploratory drilling during the time period from 1974 through 1981.  Mobil Mining and Minerals Company, a subsidiary of Mobil Corporation until its divestiture in 1996, was engaged in the business of mining and selling minerals including coal, phosphate rock, and fertilizers as well as sulfur recovered from Mobil Corporation’s operations.    At that time, Mobil Corporation (the parent company) was the second largest U.S. oil producer, behind Exxon Corporation.  Mobil Corporation and Exxon Corporation merged forming Exxon Mobil Corporation on November 30, 1999 in a transaction that valued Mobil Corporation at approximately $80 billion.  Because Mobil Mining and Minerals Company was a subsidiary, specific information on it is not readily available.  In the late 1970s and early 1980s, it owned leases on approximately 8600 contiguous acres in the Johnson County, Wyoming portion of the Powder River Basin coal region.  Powder River Basin coal has classical sub-bituminous characteristics.  The State of Wyoming owns all coal resources and leases them to companies.  The lease represents a right to produce the coal.  Once the coal is produced, it is owned by the lease holder or their designee.  Mobil conducted an assessment of the holding between 1974 and 1981, drilling over 400 holes spread across the acreage.  Those drilling records include a report characterizing the coal deposits.  These drill holes provided representative data on the aerial extent, depth and thickness of the three primary coal seams (Healy, Cameron, UCross), as well as proximate and ultimate analysis of representative samples from each seam.    Sometime after the drilling program, Mobil Mining and Minerals Company elected to divest these holdings for their own corporate reasons at that time, and an unrelated private investor acquired the leases from Mobil Mining and Minerals Company.

GEI acquired the leases from this third party who indicated, at that time, its belief that a maximum of 694.9 million gross tons, and most likely 521.0 million potentially recoverable tons, of Powder River Basin coal could be expected to be to produce from the total acreage.  After Global Energy, Inc. acquired the leases from the third party, it commissioned Weir International, Inc. to prepare an updated, more definitive, report of the holdings and recoverable resources.  GEI made the drilling records available to Weir International, Inc. who prepared maps of each seam, depicting drill-hole location, depth, and seam thickness.  Drill hole density, used to delineate these seams and construct the isopach maps, was approximately 24.6 acres for Healy, 29 acres for Cameron and 49 acres for UCross.  Weir International, Inc. utilized all of the drill logs for the holes and topographical maps with approximate locations of the drill holes for the study area provided by GEI.  In addition, they also reviewed public information on the general geology of the area, and acquired topographic maps in appropriate computer format for use in locating outcrops of the seams and to create offset boundaries for streams and highways.  The available data for all of the drill holes was compiled into a database suitable for modeling using detailed computer software typically utilized by Weir International, Ltd.  The database was analyzed by the computer software and used to develop a geological model of the Healy, Cameron and Ucross seams.  They then prepared seam structure and coal thickness maps based on the geological model, and from that, determined the average thickness and coal quality for the Healy, Cameron and Ucross seams.  Weir International, Ltd. determined that the Healy, Cameron and Ucross seams had average thicknesses of 25.2 feet, 7.6 feet, and 27.6 feet, respectively.   We believe the computer generated isopach maps are more precise than those produced in the 1980’s.  From these data, Weir maps depict gross and net isopleths across the property for each seam.  These maps are typical of those used by mining companies to assess deposits.  Weir International, Inc. used the U.S. Geologic Survey Circular 891 (1983) to classify the estimated resources, conservatively considered areas that most likely would not be mined, such as proximity to public roads and property boundaries, and utilized a 92 percent recovery factor to estimate the potentially recoverable resources.  Weir International, Inc. report concludes that there are actually over 711 million tons in place, but that 402 million tons should be taken as the conservative potentially recoverable resource amount.  Ownership of the coal leases was subsequently transferred from GEI to Interfuel E&P Ltd.  The Weir International, Inc. report formed one basis of the Barrel of Oil Equivalent Energy Purchase & Sale Agreement between Interfuel E&P Ltd and Cleantech Energy Company.
 
 
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Weir International, Inc. is a mining, geology and energy consulting firm founded in 1936.  The firm is comprised of 25 technical and administrative personnel with expertise in specialized engineering and management disciplines within the mining, geology and energy arenas.  A review of the firm’s web site, http://www.weirintl.com, shows a broad and diverse client base across the country.  Their expertise includes geological and geotechnical engineering, geology and geologic mine modeling, mining engineering and planning, environmental engineering, coal and mineral processing, economic and financial analysis, reserve audits, economic analysis, asset appraisals, reserve valuations and feasibility studies.

Based upon these data, we believe this solid hydrocarbon energy asset consists of over 711 million tons of in place resources of which 402 million tons of PRB coal are potentially recoverable resources.  While it remains to be seen how much more coal can be produced above the 402 million net tons, we and Interfuel are in agreement that, based on the Weir International report, the 402 million net ton basis represents a conservative value and is the correct one to use. The 1.02 billion BOE described elsewhere in this registration statement equals the energy content of the net tons of PRB referred to here.  This approximately 1.02 billion BOE of solid hydrocarbons represents a 25 year, low cost feedstock supply for the Cleantech Energy Project.  Additionally, because the Cleantech Energy Project is adjacent to the solid hydrocarbon energy asset, transportation expenses would be minimized for this project, resulting in an additional economic advantage for the project.

In the event Cleantech Energy Company does not commence construction of the Cleantech Energy Project by June 18, 2013, as extended by the parties, Interfuel E&P Ltd. may terminate the contract resulting in an unwinding of the transaction pursuant to the Barrel of Oil Equivalent Energy Purchase & Sale Agreement whereby Cleantech Energy Company would re-convey the energy asset to Interfuel E&P Ltd., which then would return the preferred share rights to Cleantech Energy Company.  While we believe the parties intend to mutually extend the agreement if necessary, we can give no assurances of that or that the construction of the Cleantech Energy Project will commence by this deadline and, as a result, we may not be able to receive commercially feasible quantities of the solid hydrocarbon which may have a negative impact on this project as discussed below.

We do not own proven or probable reserves in connection with any of our projects nor do we know if it is commercially feasible to receive a sufficient quantity of BOE from our solid hydrocarbon energy asset to support the development and operation of our Cleantech Energy Project.  Construction of the Cleantech Energy Project will depend, in part, upon our confirmation that it is economically feasible to extract a sufficient quantity of BOE from the solid hydrocarbon energy asset and upon future delivery of the solid hydrocarbon energy asset to support the development and operation of that project. If we determine that we will be unable to extract a sufficient quantity of BOE from the energy asset or if we are unable to receive a sufficient quantity of solid hydrocarbons from this energy asset to justify the construction of the Cleantech Energy Project, we may decide to redesign, relocate, develop alternate feedstock supplies, delay, or elect not to proceed on the development of this, or another, project.  Furthermore, if we determine that it is not commercially feasible to receive our solid hydrocarbon energy asset, we may be required to write off the value of the asset or to record an impairment or other charge on our consolidated financial statements that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.  For purposes of serving as collateral for the planned $350 million bond transaction, a leading consulting firm was commissioned to value the BOE energy asset (1.02 billion BOE in solid hydrocarbons).  At December 30, 2011, the consulting firm indicated a value for this asset of $1.045 billion.
 
 
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Cleantech Energy Company plans to engage a contract production company to permit, finance, own and operate a facility to extract the solid hydrocarbon and deliver it to Cleantech Energy Company.  The third party solid hydrocarbon production operation, once permitted by the State of Wyoming, will essentially be a surface mining operation.  There are three seams of solid hydrocarbon, each overlain by overburden soil of varying depths – ranging from zero to over 100 feet.  The method and sequencing of overburden removal and stockpiling will be developed by the production company and will be described in detail in its application to the State of Wyoming.  While the initial operation of the facility will utilize the shallowest seam of coal, the production plan will seek to avoid or minimize repeated handling of overburden, and to optimize production of all seams in a given area methodically and optimally across the over 8600 acre leasehold. As the facility currently is planned to be located at a suitable location within the leasehold site area, transport of solid hydrocarbon to the facility will most likely be by conveyor, backed up by large capacity truck, as appropriate.  Our current plan calls for feedstock to be delivered into covered structures in accordance with state requirements, for weather protection and to facilitate blending for optimum feedstock composition.  We have not yet identified or engaged a contract production company to permit, finance, own and operate a facility to extract the solid hydrocarbon and deliver it to the Cleantech Energy Project.

Our goal is to develop and construct Ultra Clean Btu Converters to manufacture low cost synthetic fuel products in the United States.   Over the next four years we will require substantial capital resources to fund construction and financing costs relating to the development of our principal projects. Project costs for full construction of Gas 1, Gas 2 and Combined Cycle Gas Turbine are expected to be approximately $497.0 million, $1.02 billion, and $627.3 million, respectively. Additional project costs for the full construction of Cleantech Energy Project are expected to be approximately $2.3 billion. We have not yet entered into fixed price engineering, procurement and construction (“EPC”) arrangements with respect to our Cleantech Energy Project, but have considered the possibility of entering into general services agreements with a third party to provide EPC services with respect to such project. As stated elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, our basic strategy is to have our projects contract with Gasification Engineering Corporation (“GEC”), a related party, to provide EPC services.  In turn, GEC will contract with a third-party general contractor to provide Design-Build EPC services, as defined by the Design-Build Institute of America which include engineering as part of their team services. We believe this approach should allow us more directly to control and manage the EPC services ourselves, thereby giving us greater control over the expenditures associated with a project. We believe this approach will result in lower project costs and shorter schedules.  We believe this type of contracting approach will provide mechanisms to manage cost, schedule and performance, and to provide appropriate guarantees and a pool of funds to cover liquidated damage requirements.  When warranted, GEC may structure the Design-Build contract as a “fast track” contract instead of a fixed price agreement.  While a fixed price structure establishes a guaranteed price at the outset, the fast-track approach begins on a time and material basis.  When an agreed amount of progress has been made and the project cost is better known, it can be converted to a fixed price basis for the remainder of work.  Cost escalation risk shifts from the owner during the early portion to the contractor in the later portion.  The project company, as the project owner, will generally have its own rationale and justification for the fast-track approach.  Neither we nor GEC are currently negotiating a "fast-track" EPC contract for any project currently in development; nor have we concluded definitively that we will enter into such a contract.  As a result, project costs for the Cleantech Energy Project are based upon our internal estimates. Note that project costs include capital, engineering, procurement and construction (“EPC”) and other owner costs incurred up to commencement of operations (such as interest during construction and development fees), but do not include annual fixed or variable facility operations and maintenance costs, including the cost of purchasing solid hydrocarbon feedstock which itself reflects the cost of extraction and delivery of the solid hydrocarbon.  We intend to finance a significant amount of the funds necessary for the construction of our projects through a mix of equity and debt, which will consist primarily of project-specific non-recourse debt using the assets of each project to secure such debt. As a result, our project companies will be highly leveraged and our project assets will be subject to claims or forfeiture upon any default on project-specific debt.

Factors Affecting Results of Operations

The following information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.  We are a development stage company and have had no revenues for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2011 and no revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2012.  We anticipate that we may not receive any significant revenues from operations until we begin to receive revenue from operations at Lima Energy which we estimate will be at a minimum approximately twenty-four to thirty-seven months from the closing of construction funding.
 
 
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The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to those discussed elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.
 
The following discussion of the financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and changes in financial position of our Company should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and notes filed with the SEC on Form 10-K.

Results of Operations for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

Revenues

We had no revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and no revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2011, and do not anticipate any significant revenues for twenty-four to thirty-seven months, following the closing of the funding of our anticipated projects, as stated herein.

Operating Expenses
 
Our operating expenses include the following:

General and Administrative Expenses

Our general and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2012 totaled $614,144 and for the three months ended September 30, 2011 totaled $557,830.  The primary components of our expenses for the three month periods ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 were salary expenses, professional fees, and SEC reporting costs.
 
Other Income
 
For the three months ending September 30, 2012, we had other income of $33,023 which was a result of a release of liabilities accrued in prior periods.
 

Interest Expense
 
The Company recorded an expense of $686,427 for the three months ended September 30, 2012 mainly for interest related to the Third Eye transaction. For the three months ended September 30, 2011 the Company recorded an expense of $112,690 related to the $6.4 million senior secured note for the Lima Energy acquisition, for which the full interest and principal totaling $7,030,492 was repaid at September 30, 2011 by the issuance of 1,004,356 shares of common stock.

Income Taxes
 
For the three months ended September 30, 2012 and the three months ended September 30, 2011, there was no provision for income taxes recorded.
 
The Company uses the liability method in accounting for income taxes. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse.

The potential benefit of net operating loss carry forwards has not been recognized in the accompanying financial statements since the Company cannot be assured that it is more likely than not that such benefit will be utilized in future years.
 
 
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The net operating loss carryforwards for income tax purposes are approximately $3.8 million and will begin to expire in 2029. However, pursuant to Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code, use of the Company’s net operating loss carryforwards may be limited if the Company experiences a cumulative change in ownership of greater than 50% in a moving three year period. Ownership changes could impact the Company’s ability to utilize net operating losses and credit carryforwards remaining at the ownership change date. The limitation will be determined by the fair market value of common stock outstanding prior to the ownership change, multiplied by the applicable federal rate.

Net Loss

For the three months ended September 30, 2012, we experienced a net loss of $952,987, the bulk of which was related to the interest expense, and for the three months ended September 30, 2011 we experienced a loss of $670,520.

We anticipate losses from operations will increase during the next twelve months due to anticipated increases in payroll expenses as we add necessary staff, and project development expenses. We expect that we will continue to have net losses from operations for several years until revenues from operating facilities become sufficient to offset operating expenses.

Basic and Diluted Net Loss per Share
 
Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net loss available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all potentially dilutive common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS excludes all potentially dilutive shares if their effect is anti-dilutive. Our net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2012 was $0.01 per share and $0.01 per share for the three months ended September 30, 2011.
 
Net Cash Used by Operating Activities

Our primary uses of funds in operations were payments related to salary expenses, professional fees (including legal and accounting fees), and SEC reporting costs for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and payments related to organizational activities, salary expenses,  interest expense, and SEC reporting costs for the three months ended September 30, 2011.
 
Net Cash Used In Investing Activities

We did not engage in investing activities for the three months ended September 30, 2012 or for the three months ended September 30, 2011.

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

On September 24, 2012, we entered into a $35 million debt financing transaction with Third Eye, pursuant to a series of transactions among the Company, our affiliates and Third Eye. In connection with such transactions, we issued 3.6 million shares of our common stock to GEI. We used a portion of the proceeds from the debt and equity issuances for major acquisitions which included the purchase of approximately 50 million tons of Illinois Basin coal resources, reserves and other mineral interests located in Indiana as described below and the purchase of the project site for the Lima Energy project.  Additionally, the proceeds will be used for site and engineering work for  the Lima Project, as well as for working capital and general corporate purposes.

In connection with these transactions, we entered into certain agreements, described below.

Note Purchase Agreement

On September 24, 2012, we entered into a Note Purchase Agreement, dated as of September 24, 2012, by and among us, Lima Energy, Third Eye as administrative agent for the holders, and each of the holders of notes from time to time party thereto (the “Note Purchase Agreement”).
 
 
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Pursuant to the Note Purchase Agreement, Lima Energy issued its 10% senior secured note in the aggregate principal amount of $30 million to Third Eye, as administrative agent for the holders (the “NPA Note”). The principal amount of the NPA Note is due August 31, 2015 and bears interest at the rate of 10% per annum, payable monthly. Lima used a portion of the proceeds from the NPA Note to repay the outstanding principal and interest on the GEI Notes.

The Note Purchase Agreement contains restrictive covenants, including, without limitation, limitations on the ability of the Company and Lima Energy to: incur additional debt; enter into speculative or hedging financial instruments; create liens on assets; consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of their assets; engage in transactions with affiliates; make material changes in the nature of the business; make capital expenditures or acquisitions; issue capital stock, options, warrants or other convertible securities; pay dividends or repurchase equity; extend credit; or amend its organizational documents.

The Note Purchase Agreement provides for events of default (subject in certain cases to customary grace and cure periods) which include, among others, nonpayment of principal or interest; breach of covenants or other agreements in the Note Purchase Agreement; defaults in payment of certain other indebtedness; certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency; and certain defaults with respect to the security documents. Generally, if an event of default occurs, the administrative agent may declare the outstanding principal and accrued interest on the NPA Note immediately due and payable and exercise all rights and remedies available.

In connection with the Note Purchase Agreement, the Company loaned $11 million to Lima Energy (the “Lima Loan”) in return for an unsecured promissory note from Lima in the aggregate principal amount of $11 million. The note accrues interest at a rate of 0.24% per annum and all interest and principal outstanding are payable on demand.

In accordance with the Note Purchase Agreement, GEI purchased 1.1 million shares of Common Stock from the Company at a price of $10 per share.  The Company used the $11 million proceeds from the issuance of the GEI Shares to make the Lima Loan.

First Lien Mortgage. In connection with the Note Purchase Agreement and the Purchase and Sale Agreement, Lima and Third Eye, as administrative agent (“First Lien Mortgagee”), entered into a First Lien Amended and Restated Mortgage, Assignment of Production, Security Agreement, Fixture Filing and Financing Statement, dated as of September 24, 2012 pursuant to which Lima granted to First Lien Mortgagee a mortgage on Lima’s rights and interests in the Energy Assets to secure its obligations under the Note Purchase Agreement.

First Lien Security Documents. In connection with the Note Purchase Agreement: (i) the Company also entered into a First Lien Parent Guaranty with Third Eye, as administrative agent for the holders under the Note Purchase Agreement, dated September 24, 2012, pursuant to which the Company guaranteed Lima’s obligations under the Note Purchase Agreement, (ii) Cleantech Energy Company, the Company’s subsidiary (“CEC”) and Cleantech Corporation, another one of the Company’s subsidiaries (“CC”) entered into a First Lien Subsidiary Guaranty with Third Eye, as administrative agent for the holders under the Note Purchase Agreement, dated September 24, 2012, pursuant to which each of CEC and CC, jointly and severally, guaranteed Lima’s obligations under the Note Purchase Agreement (the “First Lien Subsidiary Guaranty”), and (iii) GEI entered into the First Lien GEI Pledge Agreement with Third Eye, as administrative agent for the holders under the Note Purchase Agreement, dated as of September 24, 2012, pursuant to which GEI pledged and granted a security interest to the administrative agent in the stock of the Company held by GEI to secure Lima’s obligations under the Note Purchase Agreement.

In connection with the Note Purchase Agreement, the Company, Lima, CEC and CC (collectively, the “Grantors”), and Third Eye, as administrative agent to the holders under the Note Purchase Agreement, entered into a First Lien Security Agreement dated September 24, 2012, pursuant to which the obligations of the Company and Lima under the Note Purchase Agreement are secured by a lien on substantially all of the tangible and intangible assets of the Grantors.
 
 
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Unit Purchase Agreement

On September 24, 2012, we entered into a Unit Purchase Agreement, dated as of September 24, 2012, and amended on October 2, 2012 by and among the Company, Lima Energy, Third Eye as agent for the unit purchasers, and each of the unit purchasers from time to time party thereto (the “Unit Purchase Agreement”). Pursuant to the Unit Purchase Agreement, Lima Energy received $2 million in exchange for the issuance by Lima Energy and the Company of a unit (the “Unit”) comprised of (i) a $5,000,000 principal amount 4% subordinated secured convertible note due August 31, 2017 (the “Convertible Note”) issued by Lima to Strative Capital Ltd. (“Strative”) and (ii) a warrant (the “Warrant”) issued by the Company to Strative granting the right to purchase an aggregate of 10,312,500 shares of Common Stock. The Unit is immediately separable, and when separated, the Convertible Note and the Warrant are separately transferrable. Because the note was unfunded as of September 30, 2012, our financial statements as of that date do not reflect this transaction.

Except for the Call Right (as defined below), the Convertible Note may not be voluntarily redeemed, prepaid or repurchased without the consent of the administrative agent. Lima Energy must redeem the Convertible Note upon a change in control of the Company or a sale of substantially all of the Energy Assets.

At any time prior to the business day preceding the day fixed for the redemption of the Convertible Note, if applicable, the holder of the Convertible Note may, at its option, convert all or a portion of the Convertible Note into Common Stock at the conversion price applicable on the date of the conversion. The initial conversion price is $0.48 per share, subject to adjustment in certain events. The Convertible Note automatically will be converted into shares of Common Stock upon the sale of all Common Stock for an aggregate value of more than $500,000,000 or the valuation of the Common Stock for ten consecutive trading days of more than $500,000,000, valued by reference to a closing price per share on a national stock exchange or other automated quotation system.

The Warrant has a term of 10 years. The Warrant may be exercised in whole or in part and entitles the holder thereof to purchase 10,312,500 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.48 per share. The number of shares for which the Warrant may be exercised and the exercise price are subject to adjustment in certain events.

The Company has the right, at any time prior to a holder exercising its right to convert the Convertible Note or exercise the Warrant, as the case may be, upon 10 days prior notice by the Company, to purchase the Convertible Note and the Warrant from the holder(s) thereof (the “Call Rights”). The call price is subject to adjustment in certain events.

The Unit Purchase Agreement contains restrictive covenants, including, without limitation, limitations on the ability of the Company and Lima Energy to incur additional debt; enter into speculative or hedging financial instruments; create liens on assets; consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of their assets; engage in transactions with affiliates; make material changes in the nature of the business; make capital expenditures or acquisitions; issue capital stock, options, warrants or other convertible securities; pay dividends or repurchase equity; extend credit; or amend the organizational documents.

The Unit Purchase Agreement provides for events of default (subject in certain cases to customary grace and cure periods) which include, among others, nonpayment of principal or interest; breach of covenants or other agreements in the Unit Purchase Agreement; defaults in payment of certain other indebtedness; certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency and certain defaults with respect to the security documents. Generally, if an event of default occurs, the administrative agent may declare the outstanding principal and accrued interest on the Convertible Note due and payable. All provisions regarding remedies in an event of default are subject to the Intercreditor Agreement (as defined below).
 
Amendment 1 to the Unit Purchase Agreement was executed on October 2, 2012 which clarified certain definitions and amended and restated Section 13.1 Call Right for clarification purposes.

Second Lien Security Documents. In connection with the Unit Purchase Agreement, (i) Lima Energy and Third Eye, as administrative agent (“Second Lien Mortgagee”), entered into a Second Lien Amended and Restated Mortgage, Assignment of Production, Security Agreement, Fixture Filing and Financing Statement, dated as of September 24, 2012, pursuant to which Lima Energy granted Second Lien Mortgagee a mortgage on the Mortgaged Property, (ii) the Company entered into a Second Lien Parent Guaranty with Third Eye, as administrative agent for the investors under the Unit Purchase Agreement, dated September 24, 2012, pursuant to which the Company guaranteed Lima’s obligations under the Unit Purchase Agreement (the “Second Lien Parent Guaranty”), (iii) CEC and CC entered into a Second Lien Subsidiary Guaranty with Third Eye, as administrative agent for the investors under the Unit Purchase Agreement, dated September 24, 2012, pursuant to which each of CEC and CC, jointly and severally, guaranteed Lima’s obligations under the Unit Purchase Agreement (the “Second Lien Subsidiary Guaranty”), and (iv) GEI entered into the Second Lien GEI Pledge Agreement with Third Eye, as administrative agent for the investors under the Unit Purchase Agreement, dated as of September 24, 2012, pursuant to which GEI pledged and granted a security interest to the administrative agent in the stock of the Company held by GEI.
 
 
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In connection with the Unit Purchase Agreement, Grantors and Third Eye, as administrative agent to the investors under the Unit Purchase Agreement, dated September 24, 2012 (the “Second Lien Security Agreement”), pursuant to which the obligations of the Company and Lima Energy under the Unit Purchase Agreement are secured by a lien on substantially all of the tangible and intangible assets of the Grantors.

Royalty Agreement. In connection with the Unit Purchase Agreement, Lima Energy, Third Eye, as administrative agent for certain royalty investors, and the royalty investors from time to time party thereto entered into the Royalty Agreement dated as of September 24, 2012 (the “Royalty Agreement”). Under the Royalty Agreement, Lima Energy will pay to the royalty investors 5% of the annual aggregate gross sales of gas products relating to the first phase of the Lima Project as additional consideration for the debt financing made available to Lima Energy under the Unit Purchase Agreement. The foregoing description is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Royalty Agreement, which is filed as Exhibit 4.4 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

Third Lien Mortgage. In connection with the Unit Purchase Agreement and the Royalty Agreement, Lima Energy and Third Eye, as administrative agent (“Third Lien Mortgagee”), entered into a Third Lien Amended and Restated Mortgage, Assignment of Production, Security Agreement, Fixture Filing and Financing Statement, dated as of September 24, 2012, pursuant to which Lima Energy granted Third Lien Mortgagee a mortgage on the Mortgaged Property.

Registration Rights Agreement

In connection with the Unit Purchase Agreement, the Company and Strative entered into a Registration Rights Agreement, dated September 24, 2012 (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) pursuant to which the investors (the “Investors”) holding a majority of the shares of Common Stock issued upon conversion, exercise or exchange of the Convertible Note or the Warrant (the “Registrable Securities”) may request registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), if available. In addition, whenever the Company proposes to register any of its Common Stock under the Securities Act (other than on Form S-8 or S-4), the Company must include in the registration all Registrable Securities requested to be included by the Investors. Other than shares of Common Stock the Company desires to register, the Investors have priority over other stockholders of the Company to include the Registrable Securities in any such registration, if available. All fees and expenses related to the registration are payable by the Company.


Intercreditor and Subordination Agreements

Intercreditor Agreement. On September 24, 2012, the Company, Lima Energy, GEI, CEC, CC, Harry H. Graves, Third Eye, as administrative agent to the first lien secured parties, Third Eye, as administrative agent to the second lien secured parties, and Third Eye, as administrative agent to the third lien secured parties entered into an Intercreditor and Subordination Agreement dated as of September 24, 2012 (the “Intercreditor Agreement”). The Intercreditor Agreement establishes the relative priorities and rights of the holders under the Note Purchase Agreement, the investors under the Unit Purchase Agreement and the royalty investors under the Royalty Agreement.

Subordination Agreement. On September 24, 2012, Lima Energy, GEI, Third Eye, as administrative agent to the noteholders pursuant to the Note Purchase Agreement and Third Eye, as administrative agent to the investors pursuant to the Unit Purchase Agreement (the “Subordinate Agent”) entered into a Subordination Agreement dated as of September 24, 2012 (the “Subordination Agreement”) pursuant to which GEI agreed that (i) the promissory note effective March 15, 2010 by Lima and payable to GEI in the original principal amount of $38 million and (ii) all other obligations and liabilities of Lima Energy due or payable to GEI are subordinate to the obligations of Lima Energy to the Subordinate Agent.
 
 
19

 
 
As of September 30, 2012, we had received $30 million in note proceeds.  For the three months ended September 30, 2011 we received cash from financing activities through advances from related parties of $15,387.

Major Acquisitions

Purchase and Sale Agreement

On September 24, 2012, Lima Energy acquired from GEI a fuel asset of approximately 50 million net tons of Illinois Basin coal located in Vigo County Indiana pursuant to a Purchase and Sale Agreement.  The purchase price was $50 million, comprised of $25 million in cash and assumed liabilities and $25 million in shares of common stock of USASF.  In connection with the Purchase and Sale Agreement, Lima assumed the obligations of GEI under: (i) a demand promissory note dated June 5, 2012 in the original principal amount of $14 million payable to the GEI Notes Agent (the “First GEI Note”), (ii) a demand promissory dated September 24, 2012 in the original principal amount of $11 million payable to the GEI Notes Agent (the “Second GEI Note” and together with the First GEI Note, the “GEI Notes”), (iii) the Mortgage, Assignment of Production, Security Agreement, Fixture Filing and Financing Statement by GEI in favor of the GEI Notes Agent, effective June 5, 2012, which was superseded by the First Lien Mortgage, and (iv) certain other loan documents ancillary to the First GEI Note and the Second GEI Note. The GEI Notes were payable on demand and were repaid by Lima on September 24, 2012, as described herein under “Note Purchase Agreement”.

Results of Operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

Revenues

We had no revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and no revenues for the nine months ended September  30, 2011, and do not anticipate any significant revenues for twenty-four to thirty-seven months, following the closing of the funding of our anticipated projects, as stated above.

Operating Expenses

Our operating expenses include the following:

General and Administrative Expenses
 
 
Our general and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 totaled $1,195,350 and for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 totaled $1,329,206.  The primary components of our expenses for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2012 were salary expenses, professional fees related to the Third Eye transactions, and SEC reporting costs and for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 were organizational activities, salary expenses and SEC reporting costs.

Interest Expense

The Company recorded an expense of $686,427 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012, mainly for interest related to the Third Eye transactions.  For the nine months ended September 30, 2011, the Company recorded an expense of $338,070 related to the $6.4 million senior secured note for the Lima Energy acquisition, for which the full interest and principal totaling $7,030,492 was repaid at September 30, 2011 by the issuance of 1,004,356 shares of common stock.

 
Other Income
 
For the nine months ending September 30, 2012, we had other income of $69,632 which was a result of a release of liabilities accrued in prior periods.
 
 
20

 
 
Income Taxes

For the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and the nine months ended September 30, 2011, there was no provision for income taxes recorded.

The Company uses the liability method in accounting for income taxes. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse.

The potential benefit of net operating loss carry forwards has not been recognized in the accompanying financial statements since the Company cannot be assured that it is more likely than not that such benefit will be utilized in future years.

The net operating loss carryforwards for income tax purposes are approximately $3.8 million and will begin to expire in 2029. However, pursuant to Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code, use of the Company’s net operating loss carryforwards may be limited if the Company experiences a cumulative change in ownership of greater than 50% in a moving three year period. Ownership changes could impact the Company’s ability to utilize net operating losses and credit carryforwards remaining at the ownership change date. The limitation will be determined by the fair market value of common stock outstanding prior to the ownership change, multiplied by the applicable federal rate.

Net Loss

For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we experienced a net loss of $1,816,085, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 we experienced a loss of $1,667,430.

We anticipate losses from operations will increase during the next twelve months due to anticipated increases in payroll expenses as we add necessary staff, increases in legal and accounting expenses associated with becoming a reporting company, and project development expenses. We expect that we will continue to have net losses from operations for several years until revenues from operating facilities become sufficient to offset operating expenses.

Basic and Diluted Net Loss per Share

Basic EPS is computed by dividing net loss available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all potentially dilutive common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS excludes all potentially dilutive shares if their effect is anti-dilutive. Our net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was $0.02 per share and $0.02 per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2011.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of September 30, 2012, we have $7,274,693 of cash on hand, which we plan to utilize for working capital purposes as well as for advancing our Lima Project.  In addition we have $3,000,097 in restricted cash on our balance sheet, and we expect to receive the net proceeds of the 4% subordinated secured convertible note, totaling $2,000,000 within 30 days from the date of this filing.  While the technology we intend to utilize is currently operational at some facilities in the United States, we do not yet have an operating commercial facility, and we anticipate it will be approximately twenty-four months and thirty-seven months from the date of the project’s financing until the CCGT phase or Gas 1 phase, respectively, are constructed and operational at our Lima Energy Project. Once the first phase is completed and fully operational, we should begin to receive revenues from plant operations, but we cannot predict exactly when those revenues will start.

Net Cash Used by Operating Activities

Our primary uses of funds in operations were payments related to salary expenses, professional fees (including legal fees associated with the Third Eye financing and accounting fees), and SEC reporting costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and payments related to organizational activities, salary expenses, interest expense, and SEC reporting costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2011.
 
 
21

 
 
Net Cash Used In Investing Activities

We did not engage in investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 or for the nine months ended September 30, 2011.

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

On September 24, 2012, we entered into a $35 million debt financing transaction with Third Eye, pursuant to a series of transactions among the Company, our affiliates and Third Eye. In connection with such transactions, we issued 3.6 million shares of our common stock to GEI. We used a portion of the proceeds from the debt and equity issuances for major acquisitions which included the purchase of approximately 50 million tons of Illinois basin coal resources, reserves and other mineral interests located in Indiana as previously described and the purchase of the land for the Lima Energy project.  Additionally, the proceeds will be used for site and engineering work for  the Lima Project, as well as for working capital and general corporate purposes.  Please refer to the “Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities” for the three months ended September 30, 2011 for a complete description of this financing activity.
For the comparable period in 2011, we financed our activities through advances from related parties of $130,878.

Major Acquisitions

Purchase and Sale Agreement

On September 24, 2012, Lima Energy acquired from GEI a fuel asset of approximately 50 million net tons of Illinois Basin coal located in Vigo County Indiana pursuant to a Purchase and Sale Agreement.  The purchase price was $50 million, comprised of $25 million in cash and assumed liabilities and $25 million in shares of common stock of USASF.  In connection with the Purchase and Sale Agreement, Lima assumed the obligations of GEI under: (i) a demand promissory note dated June 5, 2012 in the original principal amount of $14 million payable to the GEI Notes Agent (the “First GEI Note”), (ii) a demand promissory dated September 24, 2012 in the original principal amount of $11 million payable to the GEI Notes Agent (the “Second GEI Note” and together with the First GEI Note, the “GEI Notes”), (iii) the Mortgage, Assignment of Production, Security Agreement, Fixture Filing and Financing Statement by GEI in favor of the GEI Notes Agent, effective June 5, 2012, which was superseded by the First Lien Mortgage (as defined below), and (iv) certain other loan documents ancillary to the First GEI Note and the Second GEI Note. The GEI Notes were payable on demand and were repaid by Lima on September 24, 2012, as described herein under “Note Purchase Agreement”.


Cash Position and Outstanding Indebtedness

Our total indebtedness at September 30, 2012 was $29,921,033, consisting of current liabilities (accounts payable, advances from related parties and accrued salaries for previous periods) of $1,875,019 and long term liabilities related to the Note Purchase Agreement of $28,046,014.We have amortized the closing fee and placement fee of $750,000 each over the life of the loan..   At September 30, 2012, we had current assets of $10,372,262 consisting of $7,274,693 in cash, $3,000,097of restricted cash and $97,472 in prepaid expenses. We had long term assets of $51,801,183 at September 30, 2012, consisting of our BOE energy assets, cash restricted for the purchase of the Lima property, which was subsequently used for that purpose on October 26, 2012, and site work at the Lima Project.

Contractual Obligations

During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the Company repaid  three convertible promissory notes to an unrelated third party totaling $135,250.  The Company entered into the Note Purchase Agreement, the Unit Purchase Agreement, and the Royalty Agreement as more fully described above.
 
 
22

 

Future Capital Requirements

We have focused our efforts to date on obtaining large amounts of capital to fund our project development activity.  Our current business plan calls for new investment capital to fund our operations for the next twelve to twenty four months or until commercial operations at Lima Energy commence. Accordingly, we need to raise capital to provide working capital for the next two years in order to meet our funding commitments and business plan objectives.  We intend to accomplish this primarily through long and short-term borrowings, together with equity capital, as described below. In the event the Company raises additional funds due to investment demand and various financing options, the additional funds will further advance the Lima Energy Gas 1 project and add to corporate working capital to accelerate the business plan.

Our cash requirements depend on many factors, including the pace of our project development, construction, and operating activities and the employee team build-up to drive our future growth. Over the next four years, we expect to make significant expenditures to expand our projects currently under development and construction to bring them into commercial operation. We estimate that total project costs to bring each project into commercial operation will be approximately $497.0 million for full construction of Gas 1, approximately $1.02 billion for full construction of Gas 2, approximately $627.3 million for full construction of CCGT, and approximately $2.3 billion for full construction of Cleantech Energy Project. Project costs include capital, EPC and other owner costs incurred up to commencement of operations (such as interest during construction and development fees), but do not include annual fixed or variable facility operations and maintenance costs, including the cost of purchasing solid hydrocarbon feedstock which itself reflects the cost of extraction and delivery of the solid hydrocarbon.

As of the date of this filing of this report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2012, we have completed a $35 million debt financing transaction with Third Eye as more fully described elsewhere in this report.  While we have commitments for a total of $70 million in reserve equity to assist in both our project capital requirements and working capital requirements, we do not plan to utilize this reserve equity at this time.  This total of $70 million in reserve equity funding is comprised of up to $20 million from Kodiak Capital Group LLC (“Kodiak”) and up to $50 million from AGS Capital Group LLC (“AGS”), as described more fully elsewhere in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.  When available, reserve equity may be used as follows:  $10 million to advance the Lima Energy project site, engineering and permit work, $10 million to advance the Cleantech Energy site, engineering, licensing and permit work, and the balance of $46 million for general corporate purposes.  

Our ability to obtain up to $20 million in equity funding from Kodiak and up to $50 million in equity funding from AGS is contingent on the Company filing registration statements for the resale of all registrable securities called for by the Investment Agreement between Kodiak and USASF dated April 6, 2011 and the Reserve Equity Financing Agreement between AGS and USASF dated May 16, 2011.  According to current SEC requirements, the Company’s common stock must be listed on a national securities exchange or quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board prior to the filing of any resale registration statements related to this type of agreement The registration statement must be declared effective and remain effective for the Company to access the reserve equity.  We can give no assurances that the Company’s stock will be listed on a national securities exchange or quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board, or that the registration statements, if filed, will be declared effective or remain effective.  As a result, we can give no assurances that the Company will be able to access the funds committed by either Kodiak or AGS.

On October 21, 2011, we signed an engagement letter with an unrelated third party to act as an advisor and provide investment banking services including arranging a bond or note financing based on the BOE energy asset in the amount of $400 million, which will be used to advance USASF projects and provide general growth capital for the Company.

On January 12, 2011, we entered into a non-binding term sheet with Socius CG II, a subsidiary of Socius Capital Group, for a commitment of up to $10 million in equity capital contingent upon our listing on the NASDAQ stock exchange for which we intend to apply.
 
 
23

 
 
We intend to finance a significant amount of the costs of these projects through a mix of equity and debt. The debt is expected to consist primarily of project-specific non-recourse debt using the assets of each project to secure such debt.  We will require substantial capital resources to fund the project costs related to our development and construction plan. Our ability to obtain adequate funding for our development and construction plan as well as for our working capital needs will depend on a variety of factors and cannot be guaranteed. We intend to focus on the S-1 $100 million equity raise on file with the SEC together with proceeds from the $400M BOE energy asset-based bond issue to support construction financing for the Lima Energy Gas 1 phase as well as the $70 million reserve equity capital.  We will then turn to the $470 million of Ohio Air Quality Development Authority bonds. While we have substantially completed the draft documentation for the Oho Air Quality Bonds, including the Offering Memorandum, Trust Agreement, Mortgage Security Agreement, and Deposit Account Pledge and Control Agreement, we have shifted the timing for the placement of the bonds due to our plan to utilize equity capital first.  We believe that this strategy will make the placement of the debt a more efficient process.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Not Applicable

ITEM 4T.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

As of September 30, 2012, we carried out an evaluation, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2012 to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our principal executive and principal financial officer as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Our controls and procedures provide for full flow of information to Company management, especially to the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, and our evaluation shows we are able to meet our reporting obligations under the Exchange Act Rules stated above. While our disclosure controls and procedures are effective, we recognize that continued improvement is desired in the areas of management oversight, control of documentation being produced, and review of such control documentation when it is produced.  A policy and procedure directive has been established to seek improvement in this area.

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period ended September 30, 2012 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 
24

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We are not presently involved in any legal proceedings.  However, we may, from time to time, become a party to legal actions and other proceedings in the ordinary course of our business.


ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

Not applicable
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25

 
 
ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

On September 24, 2012, the Company issued 2,500,000 shares of common stock for $25,000,000, pursuant to the Purchase and Sale Agreement dated September 24, 2012 by and among the Company, Lima Energy Company, and GEI.
 
On September 24, 2012, the Company issued 1,100,000 shares of common stock for $11,000,000 pursuant to a subscription agreement.
 

ITEM 3.  DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not Applicable

ITEM 5.  OTHER INFORMATION

None
 

 
 
 
 
 
26

 

ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS
 
No.
Description
   
4.1+
Note Purchase Agreement by and among USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation, Lima Energy Company, Third Eye Capital Corporation as administrative agent, and the holders of notes party thereto, dated as of September 24,
2012
   
4.2+
First Lien Parent Guaranty by and between USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation and Third Eye Capital Corporation,
as administrative agent for the holders of notes under the Note Purchase Agreement, dated September 24, 2012
   
4.3+
First Lien Subsidiary Guaranty by and among Cleantech Energy Company, Cleantech Corporation, and Third
Eye, as administrative agent for the holders of notes under the Note Purchase Agreement, dated September 24,
2012
   
4.4+
Royalty Agreement by and between Lima Energy Company, Third Eye Capital Corporation, as administrative
agent for certain royalty investors, and the royalty investors from time to time party thereto, dated as of
September 24, 2012
   
4.5+
Unit Purchase Agreement by and among USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation, Lima Energy Company, Third Eye
Capital Corporation as administrative agent, and the unit purchasers party thereto, dated as of September 24,
2012
   
4.5A*
First Amendment to Unit Purchase Agreement, October 2, 2012
   
4.6+
Second Lien Parent Guaranty by and between USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation and Third Eye Capital
Corporation, as administrative agent for the unit purchasers under the Unit Purchase Agreement, dated
September 24, 2012
   
4.7+
Second Lien Subsidiary Guaranty by and among Cleantech Energy Company, Cleantech Corporation, and Third
Eye, as administrative agent for the unit purchasers under the Unit Purchase Agreement, dated September 24,
2012
   
4.8+
Registration Rights Agreement by and between USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation and Strative Capital, Ltd., dated
as of September 24, 2012
   
4.9+
First Lien Security Agreement by and among USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation, Lima Energy Company,
Cleantech Energy Company, Cleantech Corporation, and Third Eye Capital Corporation as administrative agent
to the holders under the Note Purchase Agreement, dated September 24, 2012
   
4.10+
Second Lien Security Agreement by and among USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation, Lima Energy Company,
Cleantech Energy Company, Cleantech Corporation, and Third Eye Capital Corporation as administrative agent
to the investors under the Unit Purchase Agreement, dated September 24, 2012
   
4.11+
Intercreditor and Subordination Agreement by and among USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation, Lima Energy Company, Global Energy, Inc., Cleantech Energy Company, Cleantech Corporation, Harry H. Graves and Third
Eye Capital Corporation as administrative agent to the first lien secured parties under the Note Purchase
Agreement, Third Eye Capital Corporation as administrative agent to the second lien secured parties under the Unit Purchase Agreement, and Third Eye Capital Corporation as administrative agent to the third lien secured
parties, dated September 24, 2012
   
4.12+
Subordination Agreement by and among Lima Energy Company, Global Energy, Inc., and Third Eye Capital
Corporation as administrative agent to the investors pursuant to the Unit Purchase Agreement, dated as of
September 24, 2012
   
10.1+
Purchase and Sale Agreement by and among USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation, Lima Energy Company and
Global Energy, Inc., dated as of September 24, 2012
   
10.2+
Employment Agreement by and between USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation and Steven C. Vick, dated September
24, 2012
   
10.3+
Employment Agreement by and between USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation and Harry H. Graves, dated September
24, 2012
   
10.4++
Real Estate Acquisition and Development Agreement by and between The City of Lima, Ohio and Lima Energy Company, dated October 26, 2012
   
31.1*
Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
31.2*
Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
32.1*
Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
27
 

 
 
101.INS*
XBRL Instance Document
   
101.SCH*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
   
101.CAL*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
   
101.DEF*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
   
101.LAB*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
   
101.PRE*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
   
*
Furnished herewith.
   
+
Incorporated by Reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on October 3, 2012
   
++
Incorporated by Reference from Registrant’s Current  Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on November 1, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28

 
 
SIGNATURES
 
 
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
Dated: November 14, 2012
USA SYNTHETIC FUEL CORPORATION  
       
 
By: /s/ Dr. Steven C. Vick
 
  Name: Dr. Steven C. Vick  
 
Title: President and Chief Executive Officer
 
     
     
  By: /s/ Harry H. Graves  
  Name: Harry H. Graves  
  Title: Chief Financial Officer  
 
 
 
 
 
 
29
 
 
EX-4.5A 2 ex4_5a.htm EXHIBIT 4.5A ex4_5a.htm
Exhibit 4.5A
 
//First Amendment
To
Unit Purchase Agreement


This First Amendment to the Unit Purchase Agreement dated as of September 24, 2012 (the “Agreement”) by and among Third Eye Capital Corporation, as Administrative Agent, the Investors Party Thereto, Lima Energy Company, as the “Company”, and USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation, as Parent (collectively the “Parties” and individually a “Party”) is dated as of October 2, 2012 and is entered into by and among each of the Parties (the “Amendment”).

Recitals

WHEREAS, the Parties desire to amend and modify the Agreement in order to clarify certain defined terms in the Agreement and Section 13.1 to clarify the intent of the Parties with respect to the Call Rights (as defined in the Agreement) of the Parent;

Agreement

NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises, mutual promises and agreements set forth herein and other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the Parties hereto, intending to be legally bound, agree as follows:

 
1.
Defined Terms.  Capitalized terms used in this Amendment shall have the same meaning as set forth in the Agreement except as amended or modified by this Amendment.

 
2.
Amendments.

 
a.
Definition of “Call Right” The definition of the term “Call Right” as set forth in the Agreement shall be amended and restated in its entirety to read as follows:

Call Right” has the meaning given thereto in Section 13.1.”

 
b.
Definition of “Units”  The definition of the term “Units” as set forth in the Agreement shall be amended and restated in its entirety to read as follows:

Unit” means one Common Share issuable upon the conversion of a Note into Common Shares at the Conversion Price and one Common Share issuable upon the exercise of a Warrant in accordance with its terms, and “Units” means each and every Unit, collectively, totaling 10,312,500 Units.

 
c.
Definition of Warrant  The definition of the term “Warrant” as set forth in the Agreement shall be amended by adding the following language immediately after the word “Agreement” at the end of the definition:

“, and “Warrants” means any additional Warrants issued by the Parent upon the surrender of the Warrant and the transfer or other assignment of a portion of the Warrant to a third party”
 
 
1

 
 
 
d.
Section 13.1  Section 13.1 of the Agreement shall be amended and restated in its entirety to read as follows:

Section 13.1  Call Right.

“Notwithstanding any provision in Article 8, the Parent shall have the right, at any time prior to (i) a Holder of a Note exercising its right, in whole or in part, to convert the Note to Common Shares or (ii) a Holder of a Warrant exercising its right, in whole or in part, to purchase Common Shares pursuant to the terms of the Warrant (as the case may be), to purchase all Common Shares that would be issued upon a conversion of the Notes and the exercise of the Warrants comprising all of the Units from the Holder(s) for a price equal to $10.00 per Unit, subject to adjustment as set forth in Section 8.4 (the “Call Right”). The Parent shall exercise its Call Right by providing written notice to the Holder(s) not less than ten (10) days prior to the date on which the Parent desires to purchase all of the Units, which notice shall set forth the time and place for the completion of such purchase. The Parent shall pay for such Units by wire transfer of immediately available funds to the account or accounts as directed by the Holder(s). For purposes of clarity, in the event a Holder exercises its right to either (i) convert a Note to Common Shares or (ii) exercise its right to purchase Common Shares pursuant to the Warrant, in whole or in part, the Call Right shall expire.”

 
3.
Remaining Provisions of Agreement.  The Parties agree that all remaining provisions of the Agreement shall remain in full force and effect as if entered into on the date of this Amendment.

 
4.
Governing Law.  This Amendment shall be construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of Ohio, without regard to Ohio law regarding choice of law. Each of the parties hereto irrevocably consents to the exclusive venue and jurisdiction of the state and federal courts located in Hamilton County, Ohio in the event of any lawsuits, claims or other disputes relating to or arising from this Amendment.

 
5.
Counterparts and Facsimile.  This Agreement may be executed in counterparts and by facsimile or other electronic transmission (including by electronic mail) of an authorized signature and each such counterpart shall be deemed to form part of one and the same document.

(Signature page follows herewith)

 
2

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Parties have executed this Amendment on the date written above.
 
COMPANY:  LIMA ENERGY COMPANY  
       
  By:  /s/ H. H. Graves  
    Harry H. Graves  
       
PARENT: USA SYNTHETIC FUEL CORPORATION  
 
     
  By:  /s/ H. H. Graves  
    Harry H. Graves  
       
ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT:   THIRD EYE CAPITAL CORPORATION  
        
     
  By:  
/s/ Arif N. Bhalwani
 
       
  By:
Arif  N. Bhalwani
 
    Managing Director  
       
 
INVESTOR:  STRATIVE CAPITAL LTD.  
       
  By:   /s/ Claude Church  
       
  By: Claude Church  
    President & CEO  
 
Signature Page
First Amendment to Unit Purchase Agreement
 
 
3
EX-31.1 3 ex31_1.htm EXHIBIT 31.1 ex31_1.htm
Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Dr. Steven C. Vick, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) for the registrant and have:

 
(a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 
(b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 
(c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 
(d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 
(a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 
(b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: November 14, 2012
 
/s/
Dr. Steven C. Vick
Name:
Dr. Steven C. Vick
Title:
President and Chief Executive Officer
 

EX-31.2 4 ex31_2.htm EXHIBIT 31.2 ex31_2.htm
Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Harry H. Graves, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) for the registrant and have:

 
(a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 
(b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 
(c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 
(d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 
(a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 
(b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: November 14, 2012

/s/
Harry H. Graves
Name:
Harry H. Graves
Title:
Chief Financial Officer
 

 
EX-32.1 5 ex32_1.htm EXHIBIT 32.1 ex32_1.htm
Exhibit 32.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906
OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of USA Synthetic Fuel Corporation (the “Company”) for the period ended September 30, 2012, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), the undersigned officers of the Company hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to the best of their knowledge:
 
(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
 
 
Date: November 14, 2012
     
 
/s/
Dr. Steven C. Vick
 
Name:
Dr. Steven C. Vick
 
Title:
President and Chief Executive Officer
     
     
     
     
 
/s/
Harry H. Graves
 
Name:
Harry H. Graves
 
Title:
Chief Financial Officer
     







EX-101.INS 6 usfc-20120930.xml EXHIBIT 101.INS false --12-31 Q3 2012 2012-09-30 10-Q 0001487920 80682390 Smaller Reporting Company USA Synthetic Fuel Corp 50000 50000 50000000 63.399 100000 0.1 100000 5000000 2012-09-24 2012-09-24 2012-09-24 P20Y -3000000 -3000000 591060 591060 344504 6439429 6439429 210902 494237 591060 591060 7030489 7030489 <!--DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd" --> <div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> <!--StartFragment--> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-WEIGHT: bold; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> NOTE 2 - RECENT TRANSACTIONS</div> <div style="TEXT-INDENT: 0pt; DISPLAY: block"><br /> </div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> On September 24, 2012, we entered into a $35 million debt financing transaction with Third Eye Capital Corporation ("Third Eye"), pursuant to a series of transactions among the Company, our affiliates and Third Eye, as described below and throughout this report on Form 10-Q.</div> <div style="TEXT-INDENT: 0pt; DISPLAY: block"><br /> </div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-STYLE: italic; FONT-WEIGHT: bold; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> Note Purchase Agreement</div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> On September 24, 2012, we entered into a Note Purchase Agreement, dated as of September 24, 2012, by and among us, Lima Energy, Third Eye as administrative agent for the holders, and each of the holders of notes from time to time party thereto (the "Note Purchase Agreement"). Pursuant to the Note Purchase Agreement, Lima Energy issued its 10% senior secured note in the aggregate principal amount of $30 million to Third Eye, as administrative agent for the holders (the "NPA Note"). The principal amount of the NPA Note is due August 31, 2015 and bears interest at the rate of 10% per annum, payable monthly.</div> <div style="TEXT-INDENT: 0pt; DISPLAY: block"><br /> </div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-STYLE: italic; FONT-WEIGHT: bold; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> Unit Purchase Agreement</div> <div style="TEXT-INDENT: 0pt; DISPLAY: block"> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> On September 24, 2012, we entered into a Unit Purchase Agreement, dated as of September 24, 2012, by and among the Company, Lima Energy, Third Eye as agent for the unit purchasers, and each of the unit purchasers from time to time party thereto (the "Unit Purchase Agreement"). Pursuant to the Unit Purchase Agreement, Lima Energy received $2 million in exchange for the issuance by Lima Energy and the Company of a unit (the "Unit") comprised of (i) an unfunded a $5,000,000 principal amount 4% subordinated secured convertible note due August 31, 2017 (the "Convertible Note") issued by Lima to Strative Capital Ltd. ("Strative") and (ii) a warrant (the "Warrant") issued by the Company to Strative granting the right to purchase an aggregate of 10,312,500 shares of Common Stock. This Subordinated Secured Convertible note the Company executed on September 24, 2012 is unfunded and therefore not recorded in this report at September 30, 2012.</div> <br /> </div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-STYLE: italic; FONT-WEIGHT: bold; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> Fuel Asset Purchase</div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> On September 24, 2012, Lima Energy acquired a fuel asset of approximately 50 million net tons of Illinois Basin coal located in Vigo County Indiana pursuant to a Purchase and Sale Agreement. The purchase price was $50 million, comprised of $25 million in cash and equivalents and $25 million in shares of common stock of the Company.</div> <div style="TEXT-INDENT: 0pt; DISPLAY: block"><br /> </div> <!--EndFragment--></div> </div> 78553819 75569430 78882390 75583110 129836 415100 18345 6439429 6439429 44332503 8309929 13114 13114 6439429 62173445 1118 10372262 1117 <!--DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd" --> <div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> <!--StartFragment--> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-WEIGHT: bold; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> NOTE 1 - BASIS OF PRESENTATION</div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> The interim unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-K as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, these consolidated financial statements do not include all of the disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. These interim unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company&#39;s audited consolidated financial statements for the period ended December 31, 2011. In the opinion of management, the interim unaudited consolidated financial statements furnished herein include all adjustments, all of which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim period presented.</div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> The consolidated statements of operations and cash flows reflect the results of operations and the changes in cash flows of the Company for the period ended September 30, 2012. Operating results for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2011.</div> <!--EndFragment--></div> </div> 25000000 25000000 1500000 50000000 7274693 1117 720 40 7273576 680 7274693 0.48 10312500 10312500 0.0001 0.0001 300000000 300000000 80682390 76425248 80682390 76425248 8067 7641 200000 25023000 7030489 32681328 53000 23000 23000 10312500 5000000 35000000 30000000 5000000 0.04 0.1 0.04 2012-09-24 2012-09-24 2015-08-31 314561 154257 115400 -0.02 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 1528577 1353776 1601182 1195350 1329206 4436935 614144 557830 -285264 277834 217695 -18345 -35000 174801 652589 2022814 62349 338070 653409 97472 97472 690367 338070 1281427 686427 112690 614901 614901 62349 240485 340485 29921033 1955621 62173445 1118 1875019 1955621 28046014 28046014 1 1 9390478 193978 9604721 -200000 -200000 -1916902 -193298 -2130028 -1816085 -1667276 -12088159 -952987 -670520 -1 -1 87859 87859 -50000000 -6439429 -56439429 25000000 -6439429 -31439429 298761 298761 -1195350 -1329206 -10876364 -614144 -557830 50000001 1 51601183 1 69632 69632 33023 2017179 2017179 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 2 2 74845 74845 9925153 9925153 97472 148608 11000000 11000100 2000000 2000000 2000000 105250 158250 -1601200 -1601200 38857 193978 200000 5000000 -6439429 -1439429 6439429 6439429 200000 200000 200000 135250 135250 3000097 -12088159 -10272074 170049 10 32252411 -1954504 32252412 -1954503 <!--DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd" --> <div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> <!--StartFragment--> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-WEIGHT: bold; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> NOTE 3 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS</div> <div style="TEXT-INDENT: 0pt; DISPLAY: block"><br /> </div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> The $5 million 4% Subordinated Secured Convertible note the Company executed on September 24, 2012 is unfunded and therefore not recorded in this report at September 30, 2012. The net proceeds from the note are $2 million. The note can be converted into 10,312,500 shares of our common stock at the option of the holder. In addition, the note carries warrants for an additional 10,312,500 shares of our common stock at a price of $0.48 per share, exercisable over a ten year period. Funding will occur as soon as the Company achieves certain milestones.</div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> In October 2012 we prepaid one year of interest in the amount of $3 million to Third Eye pursuant to the terms of the Note Purchase Agreement.</div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> On October 26, 2012, the Company&#39;s wholly owned subsidiary, Lima Energy Company, entered into a Real Estate Acquisition and Development Agreement pursuant to which Lima Energy purchased 63.399 acres of land from the City of Lima, Ohio, on which it is constructing an environmental energy park with synthetic fuel production facilities. The purchase price was $1.5 million.</div> <div style="TEXT-INDENT: 0pt; DISPLAY: block"><br /> </div> <div style="DISPLAY: block; FONT-FAMILY: Times New Roman; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN-LEFT: 0pt; MARGIN-RIGHT: 0pt; text-align: left; TEXT-INDENT: 0pt"> In connection with the acquisition, Lima Energy agreed that certain funds will be contributed to a non-profit entity over the term of the Agreement for the benefit of long term economic development within the City of Lima. At the signing of the Agreement, Lima made an initial contribution of $100,000. It will contribute $100,000 per year for the next three years, and, commencing on the second calendar year immediately following commencement of commercial operations, it will contribute annually, for 20 years, the lesser of $5.0 million or 10% of net distributable cash flow of the Project, as those terms are defined in the Agreement.</div> <!--EndFragment--></div> </div> xbrli:shares ISO4217:USD xbrli:pure utreg:acre utreg:T us-types:perUnitItemType ISO4217:USD xbrli:shares 0001487920 usfc:LimaEnergyCompanyMember usfc:SubsequentEventMember 2012-10-01 2012-10-26 0001487920 usfc:FuelAssetPurchaseAgreementMember 2012-09-01 2012-09-24 0001487920 usfc:UnitPurchaseAgreementMember usfc:SubordinatedSecuredConvertibleNoteMember 2012-09-01 2012-09-24 0001487920 usfc:UnitPurchaseAgreementMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember 2012-09-01 2012-09-24 0001487920 usfc:UnitPurchaseAgreementMember 2012-09-01 2012-09-24 0001487920 usfc:NotePurchaseAgreementMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember 2012-09-01 2012-09-24 0001487920 usfc:NotePurchaseAgreementMember 2012-09-01 2012-09-24 0001487920 usfc:SubordinatedSecuredConvertibleNoteMember usfc:SubsequentEventMember 2012-09-01 2012-09-24 0001487920 2012-07-01 2012-09-30 0001487920 2012-01-01 2012-09-30 0001487920 2011-07-01 2011-09-30 0001487920 2011-01-01 2011-09-30 0001487920 2009-11-30 2012-09-30 0001487920 usfc:LimaEnergyCompanyMember usfc:SubsequentEventMember 2012-10-26 0001487920 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2012-09-30 0001487920 us-gaap:SeriesBPreferredStockMember 2012-09-30 0001487920 2012-09-30 0001487920 usfc:FuelAssetPurchaseAgreementMember 2012-09-24 0001487920 usfc:UnitPurchaseAgreementMember usfc:SubordinatedSecuredConvertibleNoteMember 2012-09-24 0001487920 usfc:NotePurchaseAgreementMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember 2012-09-24 0001487920 usfc:SubordinatedSecuredConvertibleNoteMember usfc:SubsequentEventMember 2012-09-24 0001487920 2012-09-24 0001487920 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2011-12-31 0001487920 us-gaap:SeriesBPreferredStockMember 2011-12-31 0001487920 2011-12-31 0001487920 2011-09-30 0001487920 2010-12-31 0001487920 2009-11-29 EX-101.SCH 7 usfc-20120930.xsd EXHIBIT 101.SCH 101 - Disclosure - BASIS OF PRESENTATION link:calculationLink link:definitionLink link:presentationLink link:labelLink link:referenceLink 002 - Statement - Consolidated Balance Sheets link:calculationLink link:definitionLink link:presentationLink link:labelLink link:referenceLink 003 - Statement - Consolidated Balance Sheets (Parenthetical) link:calculationLink link:definitionLink link:presentationLink link:labelLink link:referenceLink 005 - Statement - Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows link:calculationLink link:definitionLink link:presentationLink link:labelLink link:referenceLink 004 - Statement - Consolidated Statements of Operations link:calculationLink link:definitionLink link:presentationLink link:labelLink link:referenceLink 001 - Document - Document and Entity Information link:calculationLink link:definitionLink link:presentationLink link:labelLink link:referenceLink 102 - Disclosure - RECENT TRANSACTIONS link:calculationLink link:definitionLink link:presentationLink link:labelLink link:referenceLink 40201 - Disclosure - RECENT TRANSACTIONS (Details) link:calculationLink link:definitionLink link:presentationLink link:labelLink link:referenceLink 103 - Disclosure - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS link:calculationLink link:definitionLink link:presentationLink link:labelLink link:referenceLink 40301 - Disclosure - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS (Details) link:calculationLink link:definitionLink link:presentationLink link:labelLink link:referenceLink EX-101.CAL 8 usfc-20120930_cal.xml EXHIBIT 101.CAL EX-101.DEF 9 usfc-20120930_def.xml EXHIBIT 101.DEF EX-101.LAB 10 usfc-20120930_lab.xml EXHIBIT 101.LAB Amendment Flag Current Fiscal Year End Date Document and Entity Information [Abstract] Document And Entity Information [Abstract]. 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Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income (Loss) to Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities [Abstract] Adjustment to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities: Amortization of Financing Costs Accumulated note fees amortization Amortization Of Loan Costs Loan fees amortization Amount of noncash expense included in interest expense to issue loans and obtain financing associated with the related debt instruments. Alternate captions include noncash interest expense from loans. Asset Impairment Charges Impairment Expense Cash at beginning of the period Cash at end of the period Cash and Cash Equivalents, Period Increase (Decrease) Net increase (decrease) in cash Conversion of Stock, Amount Converted Stock Issued for debt and accrued interest Debt Conversion, Converted Instrument, Amount Note payable, third party Expenses paid by shareholder Income Taxes Paid Income taxes paid Increase (Decrease) in Accounts Payable Accounts payable Increase (Decrease) in Accrued Liabilities Accrued expenses Increase (Decrease) in Derivative Liabilities Derivative expense NOT USED Increase (Decrease) in Employee Related Liabilities Payroll liabilities Increase (Decrease) in Interest Payable, Net Accrued Interest Increase (Decrease) in Operating Capital [Abstract] Change in operating assets and liabilities: Increase (Decrease) in Other Current Liabilities Note Payable NOT USED CF Increase (Decrease) in Prepaid Expense Prepaid expense Increase Decrease Restricted Cash And Cash Equivalents Restricted cash The increase (decrease) during the period in restricted cash and cash equivalents. Interest Paid Interest paid Issuance of Stock and Warrants for Services or Claims Stock issued for services Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities Net cash provided by financing activities Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities [Abstract] CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities Net Cash used in investing activities Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities [Abstract] CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities Net Cash used in operating activities Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities [Abstract] CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Parent Net (loss) Noncash Investing and Financing Items [Abstract] NON CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES Noncash Investing And Financing Transaction Accrued Interest Noncash Investing And Financing Transaction, Accrued Interest. Accrued interest Noncash Investing And Financing Transaction Advances From Related Parties Noncash Investing And Financing Transaction, Advances From Related Parties. Advances from related parties Noncash Investing And Financing Transaction Note Payable Noncash Investing And Financing Transaction, Note Payable. Note payable, Lima Noncash Investing And Financing Transaction Payroll Liabilities Noncash Investing And Financing Transaction, Payroll Liabilities. Payroll liabilities Noncash or Part Noncash Acquisition, Net Nonmonetary Assets Acquired (Liabilities Assumed) Total of non cash investing and financing activities Noncash or Part Noncash Acquisition, Other Assets Acquired Other Asset Noncash or Part Noncash Acquisition, Other Liabilities Assumed Non-Controlling Interest Accounts payable Noncash or Part Noncash Acquisition, Payables Assumed Noncash or Part Noncash Acquisition, Value of Assets Acquired Lima Property Noncash or Part Noncash Acquisition, Value of Liabilities Assumed Note Payable Notes Reduction Notes payable, related party Other Noncash Expense Stock Warrant Expense NOT USED Other Noncash Income Interest income NOT USED Payments For Accrued Interest Payments For Accrued Interest. Accrued Interest Payments for Fees Bank fee NOT USED Payments for Hedge, Financing Activities Fuel Asset NO USED Payments of Debt Issuance Costs Fees on Secured Note Proceeds From Advance From Stockholders Proceeds From dvance From Stockholders. 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