10-K 1 e52400_10k.htm CURRENT REPORT

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission File Number: 001-35090

 

 

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

     
Delaware   80-0561325

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

   

c/o Factor Capital Management, LLC

25 Deforest Avenue

Summit, New Jersey

  07901
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (888) 628-3180

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

     

Title of Each Class

 

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Units of Beneficial Interest   NYSE Arca, Inc.

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  x

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “accelerated filer,” “large accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

     
Large Accelerated Filer  ¨   Accelerated Filer  ¨
   
Non-Accelerated Filer  ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting  company)   Smaller reporting company  x

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

State the market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter: $359,000.

Number of Common Units of Beneficial Interest outstanding as of March 1, 2013: 200,040

 

 
 
  

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

                 
            Page  
   
PART I        
       
    ITEM 1.   BUSINESS       1
       
    ITEM 1A.   RISK FACTORS       9
       
    ITEM 1B.   UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS       9
       
    ITEM 2.   PROPERTIES       9
       
    ITEM 3.   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS       9
       
    ITEM 4.   MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES       9
   
PART II        
       
    ITEM 5.   MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES       10
       
    ITEM 6.   SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA       10
       
    ITEM 7.   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS       11
       
    ITEM 7A.   QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK       33
       
    ITEM 8.   FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA       34
       
    ITEM 9.   CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE       53
       
    ITEM 9A.   CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES       53
       
    ITEM 9B.   OTHER INFORMATION       53
   
PART III        
       
    ITEM 10.   DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE       54
       
    ITEM 11.   EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION       55
       
    ITEM 12.   SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS       56
       
    ITEM 13.   CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE       56
       
    ITEM 14.   PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES       57
   
PART IV      
       
    ITEM 15.   EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES       57

 

 

i
  

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

This report includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements are based on the registrant’s current expectations, estimates and projections about the registrant’s business and industry and its beliefs and assumptions about future events. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about the registrant that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. In some cases, investors can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “continue,” or the negative of such terms or other similar expressions. Factors that might cause or contribute to such a discrepancy include, but are not limited to, those described in this report and our other Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) filings.

 

 

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PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

Organization

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR (the “Fund”), a Delaware statutory trust formed on January 26, 2010, commenced investment operations on February 22, 2011. The Fund offers common units of beneficial interest (the “Shares”) only to certain eligible financial institutions (the “Authorized Participants”) in one or more blocks of 100,000 Shares (a “Basket”). Factor Capital Management, LLC (the “Managing Owner”), a Delaware limited liability company and a wholly owned subsidiary of Factor Advisors, LLC, serves as the managing owner and commodity pool operator of the Fund. On July 16, 2012, Factor Advisors, LLC was acquired by and is wholly-owned by GENCAP Ventures, LLC. GENCAP Ventures, LLC is wholly-owned and controlled by Esposito Private Equity Group, a Texas based private equity investment firm.

 

The Managing Owner seeded the Fund with a capital contribution of $1,000 in exchange for 40 Shares at the initial issuance price of $25.00 per share on March 22, 2010. From March 22, 2010 through February 21, 2011, the Fund had no operating activities and as a result the financial statement disclosures related to the prior period, have been omitted.

 

The Fund commenced investment operations on February 22, 2011 (commencement of investment operations). The Fund Shares commenced trading on the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “NYSE Arca”) on February 24, 2011 under the symbol “FOL”.

 

Fund Objective and Index

The proceeds of the offering of Shares are invested by the Fund in accordance with its investment objective. The Fund is designed for investors who believe the oil market segment will increase in value relative to the large-cap U.S. equities market segment, in one day or less. The objective of the Fund is to seek to track approximately +200% of the daily return of the S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index (the “Index”). The Fund seeks to track the spread, or the difference in daily returns, between the oil and large-cap U.S. equity market segments primarily by establishing a leveraged long position in the light sweet crude oil futures (the “Oil Index Futures Contract”), and a leveraged short position in the E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures (the “Equity Index Futures Contract”). The Fund may also invest in Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments from time-to-time. The term “Substitute Futures” refers to futures contracts other than the Oil Index Futures Contract and the Equity Index Futures Contract that underlie the Index that the Managing Owner expects will tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that generally correlate with the Oil Index Futures Contract and/or the Equity Index Futures Contract, as applicable. The term “Financial Instruments” refers to forward agreements and swaps that the Managing Owner expects will tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that generally correlate with the Oil Index Futures Contract and/or the Equity Index Futures Contract, as applicable.

 

The Oil Index Futures Contract provides an exposure to the oil market segment with respect to light sweet crude oil. The Oil Index Futures Contract is a futures contract that permits investors to invest in a substitute instrument in place of light sweet crude oil and thereby speculate on, or hedge exposure to, light sweet crude oil. The Oil Index Futures Contract serves as a proxy for light sweet crude oil because the performance of the Oil Index Futures Contract is dependent upon and reflects the changes in the price of light sweet crude oil. The Equity Index Futures Contract provides an exposure to a large-cap U.S. equity market segment, particularly U.S. large-cap equities. The Equity Index Futures Contract is a futures contract that permits investors to invest in a substitute instrument in place of the U.S. large-cap equities and thereby speculate on, or hedge exposure to, the direction of equity prices. The Equity Index Futures Contract serves as a proxy for U.S. large-cap equities because the performance of the Equity Index Futures Contract is dependent upon and reflects the changes in the price of the underlying U.S. large-cap equities.

 

1
  

In order to pursue its investment objective, the Fund seeks to invest approximately +200% of the value of its equity (i.e., the estimated net asset value) (the “Fund Equity”) in the front month Oil Index Futures Contract (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments). Simultaneously, the Fund seeks to invest approximately −200% of the value of its Fund Equity in the front month Equity Index Futures Contract (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments). Around the NAV Calculation Time (as defined below), and in order to continue to pursue its daily investment objective, the Fund seeks to rebalance daily its front month Oil Index Futures Contracts (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments) to equal approximately +200% of the value of its Fund Equity. Similarly, around the NAV Calculation Time, the Fund seeks to rebalance daily its front month Equity Index Futures Contract (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments) to equal approximately −200% of the value of its Fund Equity.

 

The Fund has a leverage ratio of approximately 4:1 upon daily rebalancing.

Net Asset Value

The net asset value (the “NAV”) of the Fund means the total assets of the Fund including, but not limited to, all cash and cash equivalents or other debt securities less total liabilities of the Fund, determined on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, consistently applied under the accrual method of accounting.

 

The Fund’s NAV Calculation Time is 2:30 p.m. (Eastern Time).

2
  

Overview of the Index

The Index is intended to reflect the spread, or the difference in the daily return, between two market segments. The Index is intended to reflect the daily spreads, or the differences in the changes, positive or negative, between the value of its Long Sub-Index and the value of its Short Sub-Index. The Long Sub-Index tracks the changes in the Long Index Futures Contract. The Short Sub-Index tracks the changes in the Short Index Futures Contract.

 

Index Sub-Indexes and Index Futures Contracts Exchange* (Contract Symbol) Base Date Sub-Index Base Weight (%) Contract Months  
   
 
S&P Crude Oil - Equity Spread Total Return Index

Long Sub-Index:

S&P GSCI® Crude Oil Excess Return Index

Long Index Futures Contracts:

Light Sweet Crude Oil Futures

NYMEX

(CL)1

9.9.1997 100 Rolled pursuant to S&P GSCI® schedule

Short Sub-Index:

S&P 500® Futures Excess Return Index

Short Index Futures Contract:

E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price IndexTM Futures

CME

(ES)2

9.9.1997 100

March, June,

September, December

               

*Connotes the exchanges on which the underlying Index Futures Contracts are traded.


Legend:
“NYMEX” means the New York Mercantile Exchange or its successor.
“CME” means the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc., or its successor.

1Monday – Friday 09:00 -14:30 (Eastern Time).
2Monday – Friday: 17:00-15:15 (next day) & 15:30-16:30; Sunday: 17:00-15:15 (next day) (Central Time).

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The Fund’s Index consists of two sub-indexes (individually, a “Sub-Index”, collectively, the “Sub-Indexes”). A long Sub-Index (the “Long Sub-Index”) reflects a passive exposure to a certain near-month long Index Futures Contract (the “Long Index Futures Contract”). A short Sub-Index (the “Short Sub-Index”) reflects a passive exposure to a certain near-month short Index Futures Contract (the “Short Index Futures Contract”). The Index is designed to reflect +100% of the spread, or the difference in daily return, positive or negative, between the Long Sub-Index and the Short Sub-Index, plus the return on a risk free component. The risk free component of the Index reflects the returns generated by holding a 3-month United States Treasury bill.

 

The Index is rebalanced daily as of the Index Calculation Time in order to continue to reflect the spread, or the difference in the daily return, between two specific market segments. By rebalancing the Index on a daily basis as of the Index Calculation Time, the Index will then be comprised of equal notional amounts (i.e. +100% and −100%, respectively) of both of its Long Index Futures Contracts and Short Index Futures Contracts in accordance with its daily objectives. Daily rebalancing of the Index will lead to different results than would otherwise occur if the Index, and in turn, the Fund, were to be rebalanced less frequently or more frequently than daily.

 

As explained in greater detail in the Prospectus, the Fund seeks to track its Index on a leveraged and daily basis by creating a portfolio of Long Index Futures Contracts and Short Index Futures Contracts (which may include Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments). The Fund seeks to rebalance daily its holdings around the NAV Calculation Time, which occurs upon the first to settle of its Long Index Futures Contracts or Short Index Futures Contracts. However, the Fund will only rebalance on business days when the NYSE Arca and the futures exchanges on which both the Long Index Futures Contracts and the Short Index Futures Contracts are traded are open.

 

The Managing Owner determines the type, quantity and combination of Index Futures Contracts (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments), the Managing Owner believes may produce daily returns consistent with the applicable Fund’s daily and leveraged objective.

 

Rolling

Each Sub-Index, which is comprised of a certain Index Futures Contract, includes provisions for the replacement (also referred to as “rolling”) of its Index Futures Contract as it approaches its expiration date. “Rolling” is a procedure which involves closing out the Index Futures Contract that will soon expire and establishing a position in a new Index Futures Contract with a later expiration date pursuant to the rules of each Sub-Index. In turn, the Fund will seek to roll its Index Futures Contracts in a manner consistent with its Sub-Index’s provisions for the replacement of an Index Futures Contract that is approaching maturity.

 

Effect of Leverage

The Fund employs leverage synthetically by entering into derivatives with an aggregate notional value, or “exposure,” that is greater than the Fund’s net asset value. This has an effect equivalent to investing in stocks or bonds with borrowed money, which is called “leveraging” an investment. To invest with borrowed money is to achieve the right to a return on a capital base in excess of the investor’s equity capital investment - the investor is entitled to the return on the total amount of the investment, which is the aggregate amount of the equity capital invested plus the amount of the borrowed capital invested.

 

The Fund achieves the right to a return on a capital base in excess of its equity capital by entering into derivatives (e.g., futures contracts, and if necessary, Financial Instruments) with an aggregate notional value, or “exposure,” in excess of the Fund’s net asset value. The capital base is comprised of “notional” dollars, not cash, but the effect is the same. The notional value of a futures contract that references a physical commodity is the contract size (measured in fixed units of the corresponding commodity) multiplied by the market price for future delivery of the commodity. For a financial futures contract such as an E-mini Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures contract, the contract size is a number of fixed dollars, or $50 for the E-mini Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures contract. So if the market price for December expiration of the E-mini Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures is $1,500, the notional value of the contract is $75,000 (e.g. $50 contract size x $1,500 market price). It is referred to as a “notional” value because it does not exist physically; it exists only hypothetically as the subject of an agreement between the parties to the contract.

4
  

 

The use of leverage increases the potential for both trading profits and losses, depending on the changes in market value of a Fund’s Index Futures Contracts positions (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments). Holding futures positions with a notional amount in excess of the Fund’s net asset value constitutes a form of leverage. Because the notional value of the Fund’s Index Futures Contracts (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments), will rise or fall throughout each trading day and prior to rebalancing, the leverage ratio could be higher or lower than an approximately 4:1 leverage ratio between the notional value of the Fund’s portfolio and Fund Equity immediately after rebalancing. As the ratio increases, your losses may increase correspondingly.

 

For example, in the absence of tracking error, your investment in a leveraged fund with a Fund multiple of +200% assumes an approximately 4:1 leverage ratio, upon rebalancing and excluding the return on United States Treasuries and other high credit quality short-term fixed income securities, since it will be reduced by an amount equal to −4% daily when both of the following occur on the same trading day:

 

the Long Sub-Index decreases −1% and
the Short Sub-Index increases +1%.

The Fund, which is leveraged, seeks a daily exposure equal to approximately +200% of the Index Return (as defined below). As a consequence, a potential risk of total loss exists if the Index Return changes approximately 50% or more over a single trading day or less, in a direction adverse to the Fund. The risk of total loss exists in a short period of time as a result of significant Index movements.

 

The value of the Shares of the Fund relates directly to the value of its portfolio, less the liabilities (including estimated accrued but unpaid expenses) of the Fund.

 

For periods longer than a single trading day, the Fund does not attempt to and should not be expected to, provide returns that are equal to the Fund multiple (i.e. +200%), times the return of the Index, or Index Return. For periods longer than a single trading day, and before accounting for mathematical compounding, daily rebalancing, the differences between the NAV Calculation Time and the Index Calculation Time, leverage, volatility, fees, fund expenses and income of the Fund, it is unlikely that the Fund’s multi-day returns will equal the Fund multiple times the Index Return of its corresponding Index.

 

For periods longer than a single trading day, investors should not attempt to calculate the anticipated or actual multi-day return of the Fund by simply multiplying the Fund multiple by the Index Return of the corresponding Index because such a result is an insufficient methodology and does not account for the mathematical effects arising from the interaction of leverage (in the amount of the Fund multiple), daily rebalancing, the differences between the NAV Calculation Time and the Index Calculation Time, fees, expenses, and interest income experienced by the Fund, or Fund Compounding. The Fund does not seek to achieve its stated investment objectives over a period of time longer than a single trading day because merely multiplying the Fund multiple by the Index Return does not account for Fund Compounding, and therefore, by definition, prevents the Fund from tracking the product of the Fund multiple by the Index Return for a period longer than a single trading day.

 

Standard & Poor’s®, S&P® and GSCI® are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC (“S&P”) and have been licensed for use by the Managing Owner. The Fund is not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by S&P or its affiliates.

 

The Trustee

Wilmington Trust Company, or the Trustee, a Delaware banking corporation, is the sole trustee of the Fund. The Trustee has only nominal duties and liabilities to the Fund.

 

Under the Trust Agreement, the Trustee has the right to be indemnified for any liability or expense it incurs without its fraud, gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct.

 

5
  

The Managing Owner

Factor Capital Management, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, is the Managing Owner of the Fund. The Managing Owner was formed on November 2, 2009. The Managing Owner serves as the commodity pool operator of the Fund. The Managing Owner has been registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”) as a commodity pool operator and has been a member of the National Futures Association (the “NFA”) in such capacity since December 17, 2009. As a registered commodity pool operator with respect to the Fund, the Managing Owner must comply with various regulatory requirements under the Commodity Exchange Act and the rules and regulations of the CFTC and the NFA, including investor protection requirements, antifraud prohibitions, disclosure requirements, and reporting and recordkeeping requirements. The Managing Owner is also subject to periodic inspections and audits by the CFTC and NFA. The principal office of the Managing Owner is located at 25 DeForest Avenue, Summit, New Jersey 07901. The telephone number of the Managing Owner is (888) 628-3180.

 

The Fund pays the Managing Owner a Management Fee, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to 0.75% per annum of the daily net asset value of the Fund. The Management Fee is paid in consideration of the Managing Owner’s futures advisory services.

 

Pursuant to the Trust Agreement, the Fund will indemnify the Managing Owner against any losses, judgments, liabilities, expenses and amounts paid in settlement of any claims sustained by it in connection with its activities on behalf of the Fund incurred without negligence or misconduct.

 

Under the Trust Agreement, the Managing Owner has the right to be indemnified for any liability or expense it incurs without its fraud, gross negligence, bad faith, willful misconduct or without a material breach of the Trust Agreement by the Managing Owner.

 

The Commodity Broker

Interactive Brokers LLC, a Connecticut limited liability company, serves as the Fund’s clearing broker (the “Commodity Broker”). The Commodity Broker is a member of Factor Advisors Holding Co., LLC. Factor Advisors Holding Co., LLC receives continuing revenue payments from GENCAP Ventures, LLC, the parent and the sole owner of the Managing Owner. In its capacity as clearing broker, the Commodity Broker executes and clears the Fund’s futures transactions and performs certain administrative services for the Fund. The Commodity Broker is also registered with the CFTC as a futures commission merchant and is a member of the NFA in such capacity.

 

The Fund pays to the Commodity Broker all brokerage commissions, including applicable exchange fees, NFA fees, give-up fees, pit brokerage fees and other transaction related fees and expenses charged in connection with trading activities for the Fund.

 

On average, total charges paid to the Commodity Broker are expected to be less than $7.50 per round-turn trade, although the Commodity Broker’s brokerage commissions and trading fees will be determined on a contract-by-contract basis. A round-turn trade is a completed transaction involving both a purchase and a liquidating sale, or a sale followed by a covering purchase. The Managing Owner does not expect brokerage commissions and fees to exceed 0.30% of the net asset value of the Fund in any year, although the actual amount of brokerage commissions and fees in any year or any part of any year may be greater.

 

In no event will the Commodity Broker’s liability, regardless of the form of action and damages suffered by the Fund, exceed the aggregate commissions paid by the Fund to the Commodity Broker over the six (6) months prior to the event giving rise to the Fund’s claim.

 

The Commodity Broker is not liable for any action or decision of any exchange, market, dealer, clearinghouse or regulator. Reliance on quotes, data or other information accessible through the Commodity Broker is at the Fund’s own risk. In no event will the Commodity Broker or the providers of such information be liable for consequential, incidental, special or indirect damages arising from use of the information.

6
  

The Administrator, Transfer Agent and Custodian

The Fund has appointed State Street Bank and Trust Company (“State Street”), a Massachusetts trust company, as the administrator (the “Administrator”), the transfer agent (the “Transfer Agent”) and the custodian (the “Custodian”) of the Fund and has entered into an Administration Agreement, a Transfer Agency and Service Agreement and a Custodian Agreement in connection therewith, respectively.

 

The monthly fees for administrative and custody services are up to 0.0475% per annum of the average net assets of the Fund up to $200 million and 0.0225% thereafter, subject to an annual minimum fee of $32,500 for the first twelve months of the Fund’s operations, $30,000 for the next six months, and effective September 1, 2012, $75,000 annually. Additionally, the Fund may pay the Transfer Agent approximately $13,500 per annum plus several additional and de minimis fees, as applicable.

 

The Fund will indemnify and hold the Administrator and its directors, officers, employees and agents harmless from all loss, cost, damage and expense, including reasonable fees and expenses for counsel, incurred by the Administrator resulting from any claim, demand, action or suit in connection with the Administrator’s acceptance of the Administration Agreement, any action or omission by it in the performance of its duties under the Administration Agreement, or as a result of acting upon any instructions reasonably believed by it to have been duly authorized by the Fund or upon reasonable reliance on information or records given or made by the Fund or the Managing Owner, provided that this indemnification will not apply to actions or omissions of the Administrator, its officers or employees in cases of its or their own gross negligence or willful misconduct.

 

In any event, the Administrator’s cumulative liability limit with respect to the Fund is the amount of the total annual compensation earned by and fees payable to the Administrator with respect to the Fund during the calendar year immediately prior to the year in which the event giving rise to the liability has occurred.

 

The Custodian is exculpated pursuant to the terms of the Custodian Agreement.

 

The Transfer Agent will not be responsible for, and the Fund will indemnify and hold the Transfer Agent harmless from and against, any and all losses, damages, costs, charges, reasonable counsel fees (including the defense of any lawsuit in which the Transfer Agent or affiliate is a named party), payments, reasonable expenses and liability arising out of or attributable based upon the terms as provided under the Transfer Agency and Service Agreement.

 

In any event, the Transfer Agent’s cumulative liability limit with respect to the Fund is the amount of the total annual compensation earned by the Transfer Agent with respect to the Fund during the calendar year immediately prior to the year in which the event giving rise to the liability has occurred.

 

The Distributor

The Fund has appointed Foreside Fund Services, LLC as the distributor (the “Distributor”) to assist the Managing Owner and the Fund with certain functions and duties relating to distribution, compliance of sales and marketing materials, and certain regulatory compliance matters. The Distributor does not open or maintain customer accounts or handle orders from the investing public for the Fund. Effective January 1, 2013, the distributor of the Fund is Esposito Securities, LLC. Esposito Securities, LLC is an affiliate of the Managing Owner.

 

The Fund pays the Distributor for performing its duties on behalf of the Fund as provided under the Distribution Services Agreement. In addition, the Managing Owner compensates the Distributor for registering certain employees of the Managing Owner in order for them to assist in marketing the Fund.

 

The Fund will indemnify and hold harmless the Distributor, its affiliates and each of their respective directors, officers and employees and agents and any person who controls the Distributor against any loss, liability, claim, damages or expense (including the reasonable cost of investigating or defending any alleged loss, liability, claim, damages or expense and reasonable counsel fees incurred in connection therewith) arising out of or based upon the terms as provided under the Distribution Services Agreement.

7
  

 

Tax Reporting

The Fund has retained the services of ETF Service Provider, LLC, to assist with certain tax reporting requirements of the Fund to regulatory authorities and to its shareholders. ETF Service Provider, LLC is an affiliate of the Managing Owner.

 

Regulation

Futures exchanges in the United States are subject to regulation under the Commodity Exchange Act (the “CEAct”) by the CFTC, the governmental agency having responsibility for regulation of futures exchanges and trading on those exchanges. No U.S. governmental agency regulates the over-the-counter (the “OTC”) foreign exchange markets.

 

The CEAct and the CFTC also regulate the activities of “commodity trading advisors” and “commodity pool operators” and the CFTC has adopted regulations with respect to certain of such persons’ activities. Pursuant to its authority, the CFTC requires a commodity pool operator (such as the Managing Owner) to keep accurate, current and orderly records with respect to each pool it operates. The CFTC may suspend the registration of a commodity pool operator if the CFTC finds that the operator has violated the CEAct or regulations thereunder and in certain other circumstances. Suspension, restriction or termination of the Managing Owner’s registration as a commodity pool operator would prevent it, until such time (if any) as such registration were to be reinstated, from managing, and might result in the termination of, the Fund. The CEAct gives the CFTC similar authority with respect to the activities of commodity trading advisors. If the registration of the Managing Owner as a commodity pool operator were to be terminated, restricted or suspended, the Managing Owner would be unable, until such time (if any) as such registration were to be reinstated, to render trading advice to the Fund. The Fund itself is not registered with the CFTC in any capacity.

 

The CEAct requires all “futures commission merchants,” such as the Commodity Broker, to meet and maintain specified fitness and financial requirements, segregate customer funds from proprietary funds and account separately for all customers’ funds and positions, and to maintain specified books and records open to inspection by the staff of the CFTC.

 

The CEAct also gives the states certain powers to enforce its provisions and the regulations of the CFTC.

 

Shareholders are afforded certain rights for reparations under the CEAct. Shareholders may also be able to maintain a private right of action for certain violations of the CEAct. The CFTC has adopted rules implementing the reparation provisions of the CEAct which provide that any person may file a complaint for a reparations award with the CFTC for violation of the CEAct against a floor broker, futures commission merchant, introducing broker, commodity trading advisor, commodity pool operator, and their respective associated persons.

 

Pursuant to authority in the CEAct, the NFA has been formed and registered with the CFTC as a “registered futures association.” At the present time, the NFA is the only non-exchange self-regulatory organization for commodities professionals. NFA members are subject to NFA standards relating to fair trade practices, financial condition, and consumer protection. As the self-regulatory body of the commodities industry, the NFA promulgates rules governing the conduct of commodity professionals and disciplines those professionals who do not comply with such standards. The CFTC has delegated to the NFA responsibility for the registration of commodity trading advisors, commodity pool operators, futures commission merchants, introducing brokers and their respective associated persons and floor brokers. The Commodity Broker and the Managing Owner are members of the NFA (the Fund itself is not required to become a member of the NFA).

 

The CFTC has no authority to regulate trading on foreign commodity exchanges and markets.

 

Regulatory reform, by its nature, is unpredictable, and may be detrimental to the Fund and the Net Asset Value or the market price, as applicable, of your Shares. Under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Reform Act”), the CFTC is required, among other things, to establish speculative position limits on exchange listed futures and options on physical commodities (including certain energy, metals and agricultural products) and economically equivalent over-the-counter derivatives. The Reform Act also requires the CFTC to

8
  

 

establish aggregate position limits for contracts based on the same underlying commodity, including certain contracts traded on non-U.S. exchanges. Depending on the outcome of any future CFTC or futures exchanges rulemaking, as applicable, the rules concerning position limits or other position limitations, as applicable, may be amended in a manner that is detrimental to the Fund.

 

Employees

The Fund has no employees.

Reports to Shareholders and Available Information

The Fund files with or submits to the SEC annual, quarterly and current reports and other information meeting the informational requirements of the Exchange Act. The Managing Owner’s website at www.factorshares.com includes a link to these reports. Investors may also inspect and copy these reports, proxy statements and other information, and related exhibits and schedules, at the Public Reference Room of the SEC at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, D.C. 20549, on official business days during the hours of 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Investors may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, the SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information filed electronically by us with the SEC which are available on the SEC’s Internet site at http://www.sec.gov.

 

The Fund also posts monthly performance reports and its annual report, as required by the CFTC, on the Managing Owner’s website at the address listed above.

ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS

 

The Managing Owner of the Fund, Factor Capital Management, LLC, is indirectly wholly owned and controlled by Esposito Private Equity Group (“EPEG”). The Managing Owner is dependent on EPEG for capital investments to support its ongoing operations. Currently, EPEG has not committed to additional capital investments into the Managing Owner. As a result, there is significant doubt as to the Managing Owner’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

This uncertainty raises substantial doubt about the Fund's ability to continue as a going concern, primarily due to the Fund's operational dependence on the services provided to the Fund by the Managing Owner.

 

The Managing Owner is actively seeking other capital partners to maintain operations. If the Managing Owner is unable to secure the necessary capital to sustain its operations it will look to transfer the management of the Fund to another suitable Commodity Pool Operator (“CPO”). If the Managing Owner is unable to transfer the Fund to another CPO it will liquidate the Fund in a timely manner.

ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

 

ITEM 2.      PROPERTIES

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 3.      LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

None.

 

ITEM 4.      MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

9
  

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Market Information

The Shares of the Fund have been trading on the NYSE Arca since February 24, 2011 under the symbol “FOL.”

The following table sets forth, for the calendar quarters indicated, the high and low sales prices per Share, as reported on the applicable exchange.

    Shares  

Quarter ended

  High     Low  
March 31, 2012   $ 22.67     $ 17.13  
June 30, 2012   $ 18.20     $ 9.98  
September 30, 2012   $ 13.07     $ 10.11  
December 31, 2012   $ 10.56     $ 8.34  

 

    Shares  

Quarter ended

  High     Low  
March 31, 2011*   $ 28.92     $ 23.58  
June 30, 2011   $ 31.42     $ 19.83  
September 30, 2011   $ 22.74     $ 18.39  
December 31, 2011   $ 24.98     $ 18.07  

*Commencing from February 24, 2011 (commencement of trading on NYSE Arca)

 

Holders

 

As of December 31, 2012, the Fund had 140 holders of record of its Shares.

 

As of December 31, 2011, the Fund had 125 holders of record of its Shares.

Distributions

 

The Managing Owner has sole discretion in determining what distributions, if any, the Fund makes to Shareholders.

 

The Fund paid no distributions for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities; Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities

 

The following table summarizes the redemptions by Authorized Participants for the period from October 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012 and from October 1, 2011 through December 31, 2011:

 

                 

Period of Redemption

  Total Number of
Shares  Redeemed
    Average Price
Paid per  Share
 
Period from October 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012:     -                 $   -              

 

 

                 

Period of Redemption

  Total Number of
Shares  Redeemed
    Average Price
Paid per  Share
 
Period from October 1, 2011 through December 31, 2011:     -                 $   -              

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not required.

10
  

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

This information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes included in Item 8 of Part II of this Annual Report (the “Report”). The discussion and analysis which follows may contain trend analysis and other forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) which reflect our current views with respect to future events and financial results. Words such as “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “seek,” “outlook” and “estimate,” as well as similar words and phrases, signify forward-looking statements. FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR’s forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future results and conditions and important factors, risks and uncertainties may cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements.

 

You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Except as expressly required by the Federal securities laws, Factor Capital Management, LLC (the “Managing Owner”), undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements or the risks, uncertainties or other factors described in this Report, as a result of new information, future events or changed circumstances or for any other reason after the date of this Report.

Overview/Introduction

The FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR (the “Fund”) is designed for investors who believe the oil market segment will increase in value relative to the large-cap U.S. equity market segment, in one day or less. The objective of the Fund is to seek to track approximately +200% of the daily return of the S&P Crude Oil – Equity Spread Total Return Index (the “Index”). The Fund seeks to track the spread, or the difference in daily returns, between the oil and large-cap U.S. equity market segments primarily by establishing a leveraged long position in the light sweet crude oil futures (the “Oil Index Futures Contract” or the “Long Index Futures Contract”), and a leveraged short position in the E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures (the “Equity Index Futures Contract” or the “Short Index Futures Contract”). The Fund may also invest in Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments from time-to-time. The term “Substitute Futures” refers to futures contracts other than the Oil Index Futures Contract and the Equity Index Futures Contract that underlie the Index that the Managing Owner expects will tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that generally correlate with the Oil Index Futures Contract and/or the Equity Index Futures Contract, as applicable. The term “Financial Instruments” refers to forward agreements and swaps that the Managing Owner expects will tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that generally correlate with the Oil Index Futures Contract and/or the Equity Index Futures Contract, as applicable. (Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments are more fully described later in the Report under the section “Substitute Futures and Financial Instruments.”)

 

The Index is intended to reflect the daily spreads, or the differences in the relative return, positive or negative, between the value of the S&P GSCI ® Crude Oil Excess Return Index (the “Long Sub-Index”) and the value of the S&P 500 Futures Excess Return Index (the “Short Sub-Index”). The Long Sub-Index reflects a passive exposure to the near-month Long Index Futures Contract. The Short Sub-Index reflects a passive exposure to the near-month Short Index Futures Contract. The Index is designed to reflect +100% of the spread, or the difference in daily return, positive or negative, between the Long Sub-Index and the Short Sub-Index, plus the return on a risk free component. The risk free component of the Index reflects the returns generated by holding a 3-month United States Treasury bill.

 

The Oil Index Futures Contract provides an exposure to the oil market segment with respect to light sweet crude oil. The Oil Index Futures Contract is a futures contract that permits investors to invest in a substitute instrument in place of light sweet crude oil and thereby speculate on, or hedge exposure to, light sweet crude oil. The Oil Index Futures Contract serves as a proxy for light sweet crude oil because the performance of the Oil Index Futures Contract is dependent upon and reflects the changes in the price of light sweet crude oil. The Equity Index Futures Contract provides an exposure to a major benchmark index of large-cap U.S. equities known as the S&P 500® Index. The Equity Index Futures Contract is a futures contract that permits investors to invest in a substitute instrument in place of large-cap U.S. equities and thereby speculate on, or hedge exposure to, large-cap U.S. equities. The Equity Index Futures Contract serves as a proxy for large-cap U.S. equities because the performance of the Equity Index Futures Contract is dependent upon and reflects the changes in the S&P 500®, which is an index that reflects the performance of each of the underlying 500 large-cap U.S. equities.

11
  

 

Overview of the Sub-Indexes

Sub-Indexes and Index Futures Contracts Exchange1 (Contract
Symbol)
Base Date2 Sub-Index Base Weight (%)3 Contract Months
Long Sub-Index:
S&P GSCI® Crude Oil Excess Return Index
Long Index Futures Contract:
Light Sweet Crude Oil Futures

NYMEX

(CL)4

9.9.1997 100 Monthly
Short Sub-Index:
S&P 500 Futures Excess Return Index
Short Index Futures Contract:
E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price IndexTM Futures

CME

(ES)5

9.9.1997 100 March, June, September, December
           

Legend: “CME” means the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc., or its successor. “NYMEX” means the designated contract market of the CME.
1 Connotes the exchange on which the underlying Index Futures Contracts are traded.

2 The earliest date on which the Index is calculated is referred to as the base date, or Base Date. By definition, the Index is comprised of a specific proportion, or Base Weight, of each underlying Sub-Index.
3 As of the Base Date, and upon daily rebalancing, the Long Sub-Index base weight, or the Long Sub-Index Base Weight, is +100%. As of the Base Date and upon daily rebalancing, the Short Sub-Index base weight, or the Short Sub-Index Base Weight, is also +100%.
4 Monday – Friday: 09:00-14:30 (Eastern Time).
5 Monday – Friday: 17:00-15:15 (next day) & 15:30-16:30; Sunday: 17:00-15:15 (next day) (Central Time).
______________________

 

The Index is rebalanced daily as of the Index Calculation Time in order to continue to reflect the spread, or the difference in the daily return, between two specific market segments. By rebalancing the Index on a daily basis as of the Index Calculation Time, the Index will then be comprised of equal notional amounts (i.e. +100% and −100%, respectively) of both of its Long Index Futures Contracts and Short Index Futures Contracts in accordance with its daily objective. Daily rebalancing of the Index will lead to different results than would otherwise occur if the Index, and in turn, the Fund, were to be rebalanced less frequently or more frequently than daily.

 

As explained in greater detail below, the Fund seeks to track the Index on a leveraged and daily basis by creating a portfolio of Long Index Futures Contracts and Short Index Futures Contracts (which may include Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments). The Fund seeks to rebalance daily its holdings around the NAV Calculation Time which occurs upon the first to settle of its Long Index Futures Contracts or Short Index Futures Contracts. However, the Fund will only rebalance on business days when the NYSE Arca and the futures exchanges on which both the Long Index Futures Contracts and the Short Index Futures Contracts are traded are open.

 

The Index is inherently leveraged whenever its Index Base Weight (which reflects the sum of the Sub-Index Base Weights) exceeds an aggregate index base weight of 100%, which reflects the index base weight of an unleveraged index. As of the Base Date and upon daily rebalancing, each Index reflects a leverage ratio of 2:1, or the 2:1 Ratio. The 2:1 Ratio will increase or decrease throughout each trading day prior to daily rebalancing because the prices of the Index Futures Contract underlying each Sub-Index will vary intra-day.

 

The Managing Owner determines the type, quantity and combination of Index Futures Contracts, and, as applicable, Substitute Futures and Financial Instruments the Managing Owner believes may produce daily returns consistent with the Fund’s daily and leveraged objective.

 

In order to pursue its investment objective, the Fund seeks to invest approximately +200% of the value of its Fund Equity (i.e., the estimated net asset value) in the front month Oil Index Futures Contract (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments). Simultaneously, the Fund seeks to invest approximately −200% of the value of its Fund Equity in the front month Equity Index Futures Contract (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments). Around the NAV Calculation Time, and in order to continue to pursue its daily investment objective, the Fund seeks to rebalance daily its front

12
  

 

month Oil Index Futures Contracts (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments) to equal approximately +200% of the value of its Fund Equity. Similarly, around the NAV Calculation Time, the Fund seeks to rebalance daily its front month Equity Index Futures Contracts (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments) to equal approximately −200% of the value of its Fund Equity.

 

Under the Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust and Trust Agreement (the “Trust Agreement”), Wilmington Trust Company, the Trustee of the Fund (the “Trustee”) serves as the sole trustee of the Fund in the State of Delaware. The Trustee will accept service of legal process on the Fund in the State of Delaware and will make certain filings under the Delaware Statutory Trust Act. Under the Trust Agreement, the Managing Owner has the exclusive management and control of all aspects of the business of the Fund. The Trustee does not owe any other duties to the Fund, the Managing Owner or the Shareholders of the Fund. The Trustee has no duty or liability to supervise or monitor the performance of the Managing Owner, nor does the Trustee have any liability for the acts or omissions of the Managing Owner.

The sponsor of the Index is Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC (the “Index Sponsor”). Standard & Poor’s®, S&P® and GSCI® are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC (“S&P”) and have been licensed for use by the Managing Owner. The Fund is not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by S&P or its affiliates, and S&P and its affiliates make no representation, warranty or condition regarding the advisability of buying, selling or holding Shares in the Fund.

The Index Sponsor obtains information for inclusion in, or for use in the calculation of, the Index from sources the Index Sponsor considers reliable. None of the Index Sponsor, the Managing Owner, the Fund or any of their respective affiliates accepts responsibility for or guarantees the accuracy and/or completeness of the Index or any data included in the Index.

Rolling

Each Sub-Index, which is comprised of a certain Index Futures Contract, includes provisions for the replacement (also referred to as “rolling”) of its Index Futures Contract as it approaches its expiration date. “Rolling” is a procedure which involves closing out the Index Futures Contract that will soon expire and establishing a position in a new Index Futures Contract with a later expiration date pursuant to the rules of each Sub-Index. In turn, the Fund will seek to roll its Index Futures Contracts in a manner consistent with its Sub-Index’s provisions for the replacement of an Index Futures Contract that is approaching maturity.

Effect of Leverage

The Fund achieves the right to a return on a capital base in excess of its equity capital by entering into derivatives (e.g., futures contracts, and if necessary, Financial Instruments) with an aggregate notional value, or “exposure,” in excess of the Fund’s net asset value. The capital base is comprised of “notional” dollars, not cash, but the effect is the same. The notional value of a futures contract that references a physical commodity, such as an Oil Index Futures Contract, is the contract size (measured in fixed units of the corresponding commodity) multiplied by the market price for future delivery of the commodity. So if a contract for December delivery of 1,000 barrels of West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil has a market price of $90, the notional value of the contract is $90,000 (1,000 contract size x $90 market price). For a financial futures contract such as an E-mini Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures contract, the contract size is a number of fixed dollars, or $50 for the E-mini Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures contract. So if the market price for December expiration of the E-mini Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures is $1,500, the notional value of the contract is $75,000 (e.g. $50 contract size x $1,500 market price). It is referred to as a “notional” value because it does not exist physically; it exists only hypothetically as the subject of an agreement between the parties to the contract.

The use of leverage increases the potential for both trading profits and losses, depending on the changes in market value of the Fund’s Index Futures Contracts positions (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments). Holding futures positions with a notional amount in excess of the Fund’s net asset value constitutes a form of leverage. Because the notional value of the Fund’s Index Futures Contracts (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments), will rise or fall throughout each trading day and prior to rebalancing, the leverage ratio could be higher or lower than an approximately 4:1 leverage ratio between the notional value of the Fund’s portfolio and Fund Equity immediately after rebalancing. As the ratio increases, your losses may increase correspondingly.

For example, in the absence of tracking error, an investment in the Fund (which has a Fund multiple of +200%) assumes an approximately 4:1 leverage ratio, upon rebalancing and excluding the return on United States Treasuries and

13
  

 other high credit quality short-term fixed income securities, since it will be reduced by an amount equal to −4% daily when both of the following occur on the same trading day:

• the Long Sub-Index decreases −1% and

• the Short Sub-Index increases +1%.

The Fund seeks a daily exposure equal to approximately +200% of the Index Return (as defined below). As a consequence, a potential risk of total loss exists if the Index Return changes approximately 50% or more over a single trading day or less, in a direction adverse to the Fund (i.e., meaning a decline of approximately 50% or more in the value of the Index Return of the Fund). The risk of total loss exists in a short period of time as a result of significant Index movements.

The value of the Shares relates directly to the value of its portfolio, less the liabilities (including estimated accrued but unpaid expenses) of the Fund.

For periods longer than a single trading day, the Fund does not attempt to and should not be expected to, provide returns that are equal to the Fund multiple (i.e. +200%), times the return of the Index, or Index Return. For periods longer than a single trading day, and before accounting for mathematical compounding, daily rebalancing, the differences between the NAV Calculation Time and the Index Calculation Time, leverage, volatility, fees, fund expenses and income of the Fund, it is unlikely that the Fund’s multi-day returns will equal the Fund multiple times the Index Return of its corresponding Index.

For periods longer than a single trading day, investors should not attempt to calculate the anticipated or actual multi-day return of the Fund by simply multiplying the Fund multiple by the Index Return of the corresponding Index because such a result is an insufficient methodology and does not account for the mathematical effects arising from the interaction of leverage (in the amount of the Fund multiple), daily rebalancing, the differences between the NAV Calculation Time and the Index Calculation Time, fees, expenses, and interest income experienced by the Fund, or Fund Compounding. The Fund does not seek to achieve its stated investment objective over a period of time longer than a single trading day because merely multiplying the Fund multiple by the Index Return does not account for Fund Compounding, and therefore, by definition, prevents the Fund from tracking the product of the Fund multiple by the Index Return for a period longer than a single trading day.

Substitute Futures and Financial Instruments

In the event the Fund reaches position limits imposed by the CFTC or a futures exchange with respect to an Index Futures Contract, the Managing Owner, may in its commercially reasonable judgment, cause the Fund to invest in Substitute Futures or Financial Instruments referencing the particular Index Futures Contract, or Financial Instruments not referencing the particular Index Futures Contract, if such instruments tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that correlate with the Index or any Index Futures Contract and will further the investment objective of the Fund. The term “Substitute Futures” refers to futures contracts other than the specific Index Futures Contracts that underlie the applicable Index that the Managing Owner expects will tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that generally correlate with an Index Futures Contract. The term “Financial Instruments” refers to forward agreements and swaps that the Managing Owner expects will tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that generally correlate with an Index Futures Contract. To the extent practicable, the Fund will invest in swaps cleared through the facilities of a centralized clearing house. The Fund may also invest in Substitute Futures or Financial Instruments if the market for a specific Index Futures Contract experiences emergencies (such as a natural disaster, terrorist attack or an act of God) or disruptions (such as a trading halt or flash crash) that prevent the Fund from obtaining the appropriate amount of investment exposure to the affected Index Futures Contract. For the year ended December 31, 2012 and the period from February 22, 2011 to December 31, 2011, the Fund had not invested in Financial Instruments (including forwards).

The following paragraphs describe the above-listed Financial Instruments in general terms.

Swap agreements are two-party contracts entered into primarily by institutional investors for a specified period ranging from a day to more than a year. In a standard swap transaction, the parties agree to exchange the returns on a particular predetermined investment, instrument or index as well as a fixed or floating rate of return (interest rate leg) in respect of a predetermined notional amount. The gross returns to be exchanged are calculated with respect to a notional amount and the benchmark returns to which the swap is linked. Swaps are usually entered into on a net basis, that is, the two payment streams are netted out in a cash settlement on the payment date or dates specified in the agreement with the parties receiving

14
  

or paying, as the case may be, only the net amount of the two payments. In a typical swap agreement that may be entered into by the Fund, absent fees, transaction costs and interest, the Fund would be entitled to settlement payments in the event the benchmark increases and is required to make payments to the swap counterparty in the event the benchmark decreases.

A forward contract is a contractual obligation to purchase or sell a specified quantity of a commodity, currency, financial or other related materials or instruments at or before a specified date in the future at a specified price and, therefore, is economically similar to a futures contract. Unlike futures contracts, however, forward contracts are typically traded in the over-the-counter, or OTC, market and are not standardized contracts. Forward contracts for a given commodity, currency, financial or other related materials or instruments are generally available for various amounts and maturities and are subject to individual negotiation between the parties involved. Moreover, there is generally no direct means of offsetting or closing out a forward contract by taking an offsetting position as one would a futures contract on a U.S. exchange. If a trader desires to close out a forward contract position, he generally will establish an opposite position in the contract but will settle and recognize the gain or loss on both positions simultaneously on the delivery date. Thus, unlike in the futures contract market where a trader who has offset positions will recognize gain or loss immediately, in the forward market a trader with a position that has been offset at a gain will generally not receive such gain until the delivery date, and likewise a trader with a position that has been offset at a loss will generally not have to pay money until the delivery date. In recent years, however, the terms of forward contracts have become more standardized, and in some instances such forward contracts now provide a right of offset or cash settlement as an alternative to making or taking delivery of the underlying commodity, currency, financial or other related materials or instruments. The forward markets are largely unregulated. Forward contracts are, in general, not cleared or guaranteed by a third party.

The forward markets provide what has typically been a highly liquid market for foreign exchange trading, and in certain cases the prices quoted for foreign exchange forward contracts may be more favorable than the prices for foreign exchange futures contracts traded on U.S. exchanges. Commercial banks participating in trading foreign exchange forward contracts often do not require margin deposits, but rely upon internal credit limitations and their judgments regarding the creditworthiness of their counterparties. In recent years, however, many OTC market participants in foreign exchange trading have begun to require that their counterparties post margin.

Performance Summary

This Report covers the three months ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the year ended December 31, 2012 and the period from February 22, 2011 to December 31, 2011. The Fund commenced investment operations on February 22, 2011 and Fund Shares commenced trading on the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “NYSE Arca”) on February 24, 2011 under the symbol “FOL”.

The Fund is designed to seek daily investment results, before fees and expenses, corresponding to approximately +200%, of the daily spread, or difference in the change, positive or negative, of the Index. Performance of the Fund and the exchange traded Shares are detailed below in “Results of Operations”.

The Index is designed to reflect the daily spread, or difference in the change, positive or negative, between the value of its Long Sub-Index and the value of its Short Sub-Index. Each Long Sub-Index and Short Sub-Index is comprised of its Long Index Futures Contract and Short Index Futures Contract, respectively.

 

S&P Crude Oil – Equity Spread Total Return Index
LONG OR SHORT FUTURES CONTRACTS INVESTED BY THE FUND;
(EXCHANGE*, CONTRACT SYMBOL)
NAME OF SUB-INDEXES
NAME OF INDEX FUTURES CONTRACTS

Long Futures Contract:

Light Sweet Crude Oil Futures (NYMEX, CL)

Short Futures Contract:

E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index Futures (CME, ES)

Long Sub-Index:
S&P GSCI® Crude Oil Excess Return Index
Long Index Futures Contract:
Light Sweet Crude Oil Futures

Short Sub-Index:
S&P 500® Futures Excess Return Index
Short Index Futures Contract:
E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index Futures

*Legend: “CME” means the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc., or its successor. “NYMEX” means the NYMEX division of the CME, or its successor.

15
  

The section “Summary of S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index and Sub-Index Returns for the three months ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the year ended December 31, 2012 and the period from February 22, 2011 to December 31, 2011” below provides an overview of the changes in the closing levels of the S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index by disclosing the change in closing levels of the Index itself and each underlying Sub-Index plus 3-month United States Treasury Obligation returns. Please note that the Fund’s objective is to track the Index and the Fund does not attempt to outperform or underperform the Index.

 

The following table highlights the results of the S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index and its Sub-Indexes for the three months ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the year ended December 31, 2012 and the period from February 22, 2011 to December 31, 2011.

 

Summary of S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index and Sub-Index Returns

 

 

Three Months Ended
December 31,
2012

 

Three Months Ended
December 31,
2011

 

 

Year Ended
December 31, 2012

Period from
February 22,
2011 to
December 31, 2011
Index:
S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index
(1.51)% 10.53% (23.23)% 0.71%
Long Sub-Index:
S&P GSCI Crude Oil Excess Return Index
(2.01)% 24.37% (11.60)% (0.69)%
Short Sub-Index:
S&P 500® Futures Excess Return Index
(0.59)% 11.75% 15.43% (3.03)%
3-Month United States Treasury Obligations 0.024% 0.006% 0.072% 0.053%

Pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Exchange Act, the above table discloses the change in levels of the Index and the Sub-Indexes for the periods covered by this Report. However, the Fund seeks investment results for a single day only, not for longer periods. This means that the return of the Fund for a period longer than a single trading day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which will very likely differ from approximately twice (+ 200%) the return of the Index for that period. Due to a number of reasons as described throughout this Report, including, but not limited to, mathematical compounding, daily rebalancing, the differences between the NAV Calculation Time and the Index Calculation Time, leverage and volatility, the Fund will not track its Index for a period longer than a single trading day and may experience tracking error intra-day. In periods of higher market volatility, the volatility of an Index may be at least as important to the Fund’s return over any period as the changes in the levels of the Index. The Fund is different from most exchange-traded funds in that the Fund seeks leveraged returns and only on a daily basis. The Fund also is riskier than similarly benchmarked exchange-traded funds that do not use leverage. Accordingly, the Fund may not be suitable for all investors and should be used only by knowledgeable investors who understand the potential consequences of seeking daily leveraged investment results. Shareholders should actively monitor their investments. Additionally, the Fund’s fees and expenses are paid first out of interest income from the Fund’s holdings of U.S. Treasury bills and other high credit quality short-term fixed income securities (if any) on deposit with the Commodity Broker as margin or otherwise. As a result of the Fund’s fees and expenses, unless the Fund’s income from its futures trading exceeds the Fund’s fees and expenses, the aggregate return on the Fund is expected to underperform the Index.

16
  

Net Asset Value

Net asset value means the total assets of the Fund including, but not limited to, all cash and cash equivalents or other debt securities less total liabilities of the Fund, each determined on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, consistently applied under the accrual method of accounting. In particular, net asset value includes any unrealized gain or loss on open futures contracts, Financial Instruments (if any), and any other credit or debit accruing to the Fund but unpaid or not received by the Fund. Subject to the next paragraph, all open futures contracts traded on a United States exchange are calculated at their then current market value, which are based upon the settlement price for that particular futures contract traded on the applicable United States exchange on the date with respect to which net asset value is being determined; provided, that if a futures contract traded on a United States exchange could not be liquidated on such day, due to the operation of daily limits or other rules of the exchange upon which that position is traded or otherwise, the settlement price on the most recent day on which the position could have been liquidated will be the basis for determining the fair value of such position for such day. Subject to the next paragraph, the current fair value of all open futures contracts traded on a non-United States exchange, to the extent applicable, are based upon the settlement price for that particular futures contract traded on the applicable non-United States exchange on the date with respect to which net asset value is being determined; provided further, that if a futures contract traded on a non-United States exchange, to the extent applicable, could not be liquidated on such day, due to the operation of daily limits (if applicable) or other rules of the exchange upon which that position is traded or otherwise, the settlement price on the most recent day on which the position could have been liquidated will be the basis for determining the fair value of such position for such day. The Managing Owner may in its discretion (and under extraordinary circumstances, including, but not limited to, periods during which a settlement price of a futures contract is not available due to exchange limit orders or force majeure type events such as a systems failure, natural or man made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor disruption or any similar intervening circumstance) value any asset of the Fund pursuant to such other principles as the Managing Owner deems fair and equitable so long as such principles are consistent with normal industry standards. Interest earned on the Fund’s futures brokerage account, if applicable, will be accrued at least monthly. The amount of any distribution will be a liability of the Fund from the day when the distribution is declared until it is paid.

The NAV of the Fund is calculated as of the first to settle of the corresponding Index Futures Contracts, provided that the Fund will not calculate its NAV after 4:00 p.m. (Eastern Time). Accordingly, because the futures exchanges on which the Oil Index Futures Contracts (Long Index Futures Contracts) and the E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures (Short Index Futures Contracts) settle at 2:30 p.m. (Eastern Time) and 4:15 p.m. (Eastern Time), respectively, the Fund will calculate its NAV, or NAV Calculation Time, as of 2:30 p.m. (Eastern Time).

The Fund’s daily NAV may reflect the closing settlement price and/or the last traded value just before the NAV Calculation Time, as applicable, for each of its Index Futures Contracts. The Fund’s daily NAV will reflect the closing settlement price for each of its Index Futures Contracts if an Index Futures Contract’s closing settlement price is determined at or just before the NAV Calculation Time. If the exchange on which the Fund’s Index Futures Contracts are traded does not determine the closing settlement price at or just before the NAV Calculation Time, then the last traded value for that Index Futures Contract up until (but excluding) the NAV Calculation Time will be reflected in the NAV.

For example, the closing settlement price of the Oil Index Futures Contracts occurs at or around 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time, or just before the NAV Calculation Time for the Fund. Accordingly, the Index Futures Contract price used to determine the NAV for Oil Index Futures Contracts held by the Fund will be the corresponding closing settlement price of Oil Index Futures Contracts as reported by the CME. However, the closing settlement price for the E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures is determined at or around 4:15 p.m. Eastern Time, which occurs 105 minutes after the NAV Calculation Time of the Fund. Therefore, the Index Futures Contract price used to determine the NAV for E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures positions held by the Fund will be the last traded value for the E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index™ Futures up until (but excluding) 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time.

There can be no guarantee that the time difference between the Fund’s NAV Calculation Time and the actual time for an Index Futures Contract’s last traded value prior to the NAV Calculation Time will be immaterial.

In calculating the net asset value of the Fund, the settlement value of a Financial Instrument is determined by applying the terms as provided under the applicable Financial Instrument. However, in the event that an underlying Index Futures Contract is not trading due to the operation of daily limits or otherwise, the Managing Owner may in its sole discretion choose to value the Fund’s Financial Instruments referencing such Index Futures Contract on a fair value basis in order to calculate the Fund’s net asset value.

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Net asset value per Fund Share, in respect of the Fund, is the net asset value of the Fund divided by the number of its outstanding Fund Shares.

Critical Accounting Policies

The Fund’s critical accounting policies are as follows:

Preparation of the financial statements and related disclosures in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires the application of appropriate accounting rules and guidance, as well as the use of estimates. The Fund’s application of these policies involves judgments and the use of estimates. Actual results may differ from the estimates used and such differences could be material. The Fund holds a significant portion of its assets in futures contracts and treasury securities, which are held at fair value. The Fund may also invest in Substitute Futures and Financial Instruments, as applicable.

The Fund calculates its net asset value as of the NAV Calculation Time as described above.

The Fund’s critical accounting policy with respect to Financial Instruments is as follows:

 

·The Fund may invest in Financial Instruments. The Financial Instruments would be recorded on a trade date basis and at fair value in the financial statements, with changes in fair value reported in the Statements of Operations.
·The use of fair value to measure Financial Instruments, with related unrealized gains or losses recognized in earnings in each period, is fundamental to the Fund’s financial statements. The fair value of a Financial Instrument is the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (the exit price).
·The Financial Instruments are generally valued using independent sources and/or agreements with counterparties or other procedures as determined by the Managing Owner. However, if the price of the underlying Index Futures Contract becomes unavailable with respect to a specific Financial Instrument, the Managing Owner may, in its sole discretion, choose to determine a fair value price as the basis for determining the fair value of such position in a Financial Instrument for such day. Such fair value prices would be generally determined based on available inputs about the current value of the underlying Index Futures Contract and would be based on principles that the Managing Owner deems fair and equitable so long as such principles are consistent with normal industry standards.
·Fair value pricing with respect to the Financial Instruments may require subjective determinations about the value of the Financial Instruments. While the Fund’s policy is intended to result in a calculation of the Fund’s net asset value that fairly reflects investment values of the Financial Instruments as of the time of pricing, the Fund cannot ensure that fair values determined by the Managing Owner or persons acting at its direction would accurately reflect the price that the Fund could obtain for an investment if it were to dispose of that Financial Instrument as of the time of pricing (for instance, in a forced or distressed sale). The prices used by the Fund may differ from the value that would be realized if the Financial Instruments were sold and the differences could be material to the applicable financial statements.
·The Fund discloses the fair value of its Financial Instruments in a hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value.
·With the exception of futures transactions which are recorded on the average cost basis, realized gains (losses) and changes in unrealized gain (loss) on open positions are determined on a specific identification basis and recognized in the Statements of Operations in the period in which the contract is closed or the changes occur, respectively.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

All of the Fund’s source of capital is derived through the Fund’s offering of Shares to Authorized Participants. Authorized Participants may then subsequently redeem such Shares. Substantially all of the Fund’s total net assets are allocated to futures trading, unless the Fund makes an investment in one or more Financial Instruments. If the Fund invests in Financial Instruments, a portion of its proceeds of the offerings of Shares may be used to collateralize Financial Instruments in accordance with normal practices in the over-the-counter derivatives markets.

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A significant portion of the net asset value of the Fund is held in cash, which is used as margin for the Fund’s trading in futures contracts. Although the following percentages may vary substantially over time, as of December 31, 2012, the Fund estimates that approximately 100% of the net asset value of the Fund has been placed in segregated accounts in the name of the Fund with the Commodity Broker in the form of cash to margin positions of all futures contracts combined. The percentage that 3-month U.S. Treasury bills and, if applicable, other high credit quality short-term fixed income securities bear to the shareholders’ capital of the Fund varies from day to day as the market values of the underlying portfolio of the Fund changes. Such funds are segregated pursuant to CFTC rules. “Initial” or “original” margin is the minimum amount of funds that must be deposited by a futures trader with his commodity broker in order to initiate futures trading or to maintain an open position in futures contracts. “Maintenance” margin is the amount (generally less than initial margin) to which a trader’s account may decline before he must deliver additional margin. Margin requirements are computed each day by the Commodity Broker. When the market value of a particular open futures contract position changes to a point where the margin on deposit does not satisfy maintenance margin requirements, a margin call is made by the Commodity Broker. The Fund will meet a margin call by either liquidating an appropriate amount of 3-month U.S. Treasury bills and other high credit quality short-term fixed income securities, as applicable, or satisfy the margin call with cash. If the Fund does not have a sufficient amount of cash or 3-month U.S. Treasury bills and other high credit quality short-term fixed income securities to satisfy the margin call, the Fund will be required to liquidate its holdings in Index Futures Contracts. If the margin call is not met within a reasonable time, the broker may close out the Fund’s position.

Interest earned on the Fund’s interest-bearing funds is paid to the Fund.

The Fund’s futures contracts may be subject to periods of illiquidity because of market conditions, regulatory considerations and other reasons. For example, futures exchanges may limit fluctuations in certain futures contract prices during a single day by regulations referred to as “daily limits.” During a single day, no trades may be executed at prices beyond the daily limit. Once the price of a futures contract has increased or decreased by an amount equal to the daily limit, such positions can neither be taken nor liquidated unless the traders are willing to effect trades at or within the limit. Futures prices have occasionally moved the daily limit for several consecutive days with little or no trading. Such market conditions could prevent the Fund from promptly liquidating its futures positions.

The Fund’s Financial Instruments, if any, may also be subject to periods of illiquidity because of market conditions, regulatory considerations and other reasons. For example, the Financial Instruments are not traded on an exchange, do not have uniform terms and conditions, and in general are not transferable without the consent of the counterparty. Entry into Financial Instruments may further impact liquidity because these contractual agreements are executed “off-exchange” between private parties and, therefore, the time required to offset or “unwind” these positions may be greater than that for exchange-traded instruments. This potential delay could be exacerbated to the extent a counterparty is not a United States person.

Because the Fund trades futures contracts, its capital is at risk due to changes in the value of these contracts (market risk) or the inability of counterparties to perform under the terms of the contracts (credit risk). Additionally, if the Fund invests in Financial Instruments, its capital would be at risk due to changes in the value of these Financial Instruments (market risk) or the inability of counterparties to perform under the terms of the Financial Instruments (credit risk).

The procedures by which an Authorized Participant can redeem one or more Baskets mirror the procedures for the creation of Baskets. On any business day, an Authorized Participant may place an order with the Distributor to redeem one or more Baskets. Redemption orders must be placed by no later than 5 hours prior to the close of NYSE Arca, which would be customarily 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time. However, from time-to-time, NYSE Arca may have an early close at, for example, 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time (e.g., the day after Thanksgiving). On these days, redemption orders must be placed by no later than 8:00 a.m. Eastern Time, which would be 5 hours prior to the early close of NYSE Arca. The day on which the Distributor receives a valid redemption order is the redemption order date. Redemption orders are irrevocable. The redemption procedures allow Authorized Participants to redeem Baskets. Individual Shareholders may not redeem directly from the Fund. Instead, individual Shareholders may only redeem Shares in integral multiples of 100,000 and only through an Authorized Participant.

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Market Risk

Trading in futures contracts involves the Fund entering into contractual commitments to purchase or sell a particular investment instrument at a specified date and price. The market risk to be associated with the Fund’s commitments to purchase commodities or investment instruments will be limited to the gross or face amount of the futures contracts held. However, should the Fund enter into a contractual commitment to sell investment instruments, it would be required to make delivery of the underlying investment instrument at the contract price and then repurchase the contract at prevailing market prices or settle in cash. Since the repurchase price to which the investment instrument can rise is unlimited, entering into commitments to sell an investment instrument exposes the Fund to theoretically unlimited risk.

The Fund’s exposure to market risk is influenced by a number of factors, including the volatility of interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates, the liquidity of the markets in which the contracts are traded and the relationships among the futures contracts held. The inherent uncertainty of the Fund’s trading as well as the development of drastic market occurrences could ultimately lead to a loss of all or substantially all of the Fund’s net assets.

Credit Risk

 

When the Fund enters into futures contracts (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments), the Fund is exposed to credit risk that the counterparty to the contract will not meet its obligations.

The counterparty for futures contracts traded on United States and on most foreign futures exchanges is the clearing house associated with the particular exchange. In general, clearing houses are backed by their corporate members who may be required to share in the financial burden resulting from the nonperformance by one of their members and, as such, should significantly reduce this credit risk. In cases where the clearing house is not backed by the clearing members (i.e., some foreign exchanges, which may become applicable in the future), it may be backed by a consortium of banks or other financial institutions.

Financial Instruments are contracted for directly with the appropriate counterparties.

There can be no assurance that any counterparty, clearing member or clearing house will meet its obligations to the Fund.

Swap agreements do not generally involve the delivery (if applicable) of the underlying assets either at the outset of a transaction or upon settlement. Accordingly, if the counterparty to a swap agreement defaults, the Fund’s risk of loss consists of the net amount of payments that the Fund is contractually entitled to receive, if any. Swap counterparty risk is generally limited to the amount of any unrealized gains, although in the event of a counterparty bankruptcy, there could be delays and costs associated with the recovery of collateral posted in segregated tri-party accounts at the Fund’s custodian bank.

Forward agreements do not involve the delivery (if applicable) of the underlying assets at the onset of a transaction, but may be settled physically (if applicable) in the underlying asset if such contracts are held to expiration, particularly in the case of currency forwards. Thus, prior to settlement, if the counterparty to a forward contract defaults, the Fund’s risk of loss consists of the net amount of payments that the Fund is contractually entitled to receive, if any. However, if physically settled forwards are held until expiration (presently, there is no plan to do this), at the time of settlement, the Fund may be at risk for the full notional value of the forward contracts depending on the type of settlement procedures used.

The Managing Owner attempts to minimize these credit risks by requiring the Fund to abide by various trading limitations and policies, which include limiting margin accounts and trading only in liquid markets. The Managing Owner has implemented procedures which include, but are not limited to:

• executing and clearing trades with creditworthy counterparties;

• limiting the amount of margin or premium required for any one futures contract or all futures contracts combined; and

• generally limiting transactions to futures contracts which are traded in sufficient volume to permit the taking and liquidating of positions.

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The Fund will enter into Financial Instruments with counterparties selected by the Managing Owner. The Managing Owner will select forward agreements and swaps counterparties giving due consideration to such factors as it deems appropriate, including, without limitation, creditworthiness, familiarity with the Index, and price. Under no circumstances will the Fund enter into a forward agreement or swap with any counterparty whose credit rating is lower than investment-grade at the time a contract is entered into.

The Commodity Broker, when acting as the Fund’s futures commission merchant in accepting orders for the purchase or sale of domestic futures contracts, is required by CFTC regulations to separately account for and segregate as belonging to the Fund, all assets of the Fund relating to domestic futures trading and the Commodity Broker is not allowed to commingle such assets with other assets of the Commodity Broker. In addition, CFTC regulations also require the Commodity Broker to hold in a secure account assets of the Fund related to foreign futures trading.

Cash Flows

 

The primary cash flow activity of the Fund originates from Authorized Participants through the issuance of Shares of the Fund. This cash may be invested into the Fund where it is used to invest in United States Treasury Obligations and to meet margin requirements as a result of the positions taken in futures contracts to match the fluctuations of the Index that the Fund is attempting to track.

 

Operating Activities

Net cash flow used in operating activities was $913,298 for the year ended December 31, 2012. At December 31, 2012 the cash held by broker was $726,206 as reflected in the Statements of Financial Condition.

Net cash flow used in operating activities was $2,910,120 for the year ended December 31, 2011. At December 31, 2011 the cash held by broker was $1,824,092 as reflected in the Statements of Financial Condition.

Financing Activities

The Fund’s net cash flow provided by financing activities was $913,298 for the year ended December 31, 2012 arising from the sale of Shares to Authorized Participants. During the year ended December 31, 2012 there were no redemptions of Shares by Authorized Participants.

 

The Fund’s net cash flow provided by financing activities was $2,909,120 for the year ended December 31, 2011 consisting of $10,085,273 from the sale of Shares to Authorized Participants and $7,176,153 paid on the redemption of Shares by Authorized Participants.

 

Results of Operations

 

The Fund commenced investment operations on February 22, 2011 at $25.00 per Share. The Shares have been trading on the NYSE Arca since February 24, 2011 under the symbol “FOL”.

The Fund seeks to track approximately +200% of the daily return of the Index, over time, plus the excess, if any, of the Fund’s interest income from its holdings of United States Treasury Obligations and, if applicable, other high credit quality short-term fixed income securities over the expenses of the Fund. The Fund seeks to track the spread, or the difference in daily returns, between the oil and large-cap U.S. equity market segments primarily by establishing a leveraged long position in the light sweet crude oil futures (the “Oil Index Futures Contract”), and a leveraged short position in the E-mini Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index Futures (the “Equity Index Futures Contract”).

The following graphs illustrate changes in (i) the price of the Shares (as reflected by the graphs “Comparison of Per Share FOL NAV to FOL Market Value for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011” and “Comparison of Per Share FOL NAV to FOL Market Value for the year ended December 31, 2012 and the period from February 22, 2011 to December 31, 2011”) and (ii) the Fund’s NAV (as reflected by the graphs “Comparison of FOL NAV to Benchmark Index for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011” and “Comparison of FOL NAV to Benchmark Index for the year ended December 31, 2012 and the period from February 22, 2011 to December 31, 2011”).

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The Index is a set of rules applied to a body of data and does not represent the results of actual investment or trading. The Index is frictionless, in that it does not take into account fees or expenses associated with investing in the Fund. Also, because it does not represent actual futures positions, the Index is not subject to, and does not take into account the impact of, speculative position limits (if applicable) or certain other similar limitations on the ability of the Fund to trade the Index Futures Contracts. The Index includes an assumed amount of interest income based on prevailing rates that is adjusted from time to time. The Fund, by contrast, invests actual money and trades actual futures contracts. As a result, the performance of the Fund involves friction, in that fees and expenses impose a drag on performance. The Fund may be subject to speculative position limits (if applicable) and certain other limitations on its ability to trade the Index Futures Contracts, which may compel the Fund to trade futures or other instruments that are not the Index Futures Contracts as proxies for the Index Futures Contracts. The interest rate actually earned by the Fund over any period may differ from the assumed amount of interest income factored into the Index over the same period. The Fund seeks investment results for a single day only, not for longer periods. This means that the return of the Fund for a period longer than a single trading day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which will very likely differ from approximately twice (+200%) the return of the Fund’s Index for that period. Due to a number of reasons as described throughout the Prospectus, including, but not limited to, mathematical compounding, daily rebalancing, the differences between the NAV Calculation Time and the Index Calculation Time, leverage and volatility, the Fund will not track its Index for a period longer than a single trading day and may experience tracking error intra-day. In periods of higher market volatility, the volatility of the Index may be at least as important to the Fund’s return over any period as the changes in the levels of the Index. All of these factors can contribute to discrepancies between changes in net asset value per Share and changes in the level of the Index over any period of time. Fees and expenses always will tend to cause changes in the net asset value per Share to underperform changes in the value of the Index over any given period, all other things being equal. Actual interest income could be higher or lower than the assumed interest income factored into the Index, and therefore could cause changes in the net asset value per Share to outperform or underperform changes in the value of the Index over any given period, all other things being equal. Similarly, trading futures or other instruments that are not the Index Futures Contracts as proxies for the Index Futures Contracts could cause changes in the net asset value per Share to outperform or underperform changes in the value of the Index over any given period, all other things being equal.

22
  

 

COMPARISON OF PER SHARE FOL NAV TO FOL MARKET VALUE FOR

THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

See Additional Legend below.

 

 

The per Share market value of FOL and its NAV tracked closely for the three months ended December 31, 2012. The NAV for FOL is calculated daily at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time in conjunction with the close of the open outcry market on the NYMEX market of the CME futures exchange. The FOL shares continue to trade on the NYSE Arca exchange until 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time.

23
  

COMPARISON OF PER SHARE FOL NAV TO FOL MARKET VALUE FOR

THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2011

 

  

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

See Additional Legend below.

 

 

The per Share market value of FOL and its NAV tracked closely for the three months ended December 31, 2011. The NAV for FOL is calculated daily at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time in conjunction with the close of the open outcry market on the NYMEX market of the CME futures exchange. The FOL shares continue to trade on the NYSE Arca exchange until 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time. 

 

24
  

COMPARISON OF PER SHARE FOL NAV TO FOL MARKET VALUE FOR

THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

See Additional Legend below.

 

 

The per Share market value of FOL and its NAV tracked closely for the year ended December 31, 2012. The NAV for FOL is calculated daily at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time in conjunction with the close of the open outcry market on the NYMEX market of the CME futures exchange. The FOL shares continue to trade on the NYSE Arca exchange until 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time.

25
  

COMPARISON OF PER SHARE FOL NAV TO FOL MARKET VALUE FOR

THE PERIOD FROM FEBRUARY 22, 2011 TO DECEMBER 31, 2011

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

See Additional Legend below.

 

 

The per Share market value of FOL and its NAV tracked closely for the period from February 24, 2011 to December 31, 2011. The NAV for FOL is calculated daily at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time in conjunction with the close of the open outcry market on the NYMEX market of the CME futures exchange. The FOL shares continue to trade on the NYSE Arca exchange until 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time.

26
  

COMPARISON OF FOL NAV TO BENCHMARK INDEX FOR

THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

See Additional Legend below.

 

 

The graph above compares the 2X leveraged return of FOL with the single beta benchmark index returns for the S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index for the three months ended December 31, 2012. The Index returns incorporate the closing price of the S&P futures leg of the spread index as of the 4:15 p.m. Eastern Time close of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts while the NAV price for FOL reflects the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts as of the close of the NYMEX light sweet crude oil contract at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. The difference in valuation between the NAV calculation time and the Index calculation time of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts, plus fund expenses has often resulted in the appearance of a premium or discount between the two values. The difference is related to the combination of the change in market prices of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts after the NYMEX light sweet crude oil market close, the 2X multiple of FOL’s NAV and the cumulative impact on NAV of fund expenses.

 

Each of FOL’s NAV and the Index in the graph above has been rebased to the base value of 100 in order to facilitate the comparison between FOL and the Index during the above period.

27
  

 

COMPARISON OF FOL NAV TO BENCHMARK INDEX FOR

THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2011

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

See Additional Legend below.

 

 

 

The graph above compares the 2X leveraged return of FOL with the single beta benchmark index returns for the S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index for the three months ended December 31, 2011. The Index returns incorporate the closing price of the S&P futures leg of the spread index as of the 4:15 p.m. Eastern Time close of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts while the NAV price for FOL reflects the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts as of the close of the NYMEX light sweet crude oil contract at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. The difference in valuation between the NAV calculation time and the Index calculation time of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contract, plus fund expenses has often resulted in the appearance of a premium or discount between the two values. The difference is related to the combination of the change in market prices of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts after the NYMEX light sweet crude oil market close, the 2X multiple of FOL’s NAV and the cumulative impact on NAV of fund expenses.

 

 

Each of FOL’s NAV and the Index in the graph above has been rebased to the base value of 100 in order to facilitate the comparison between FOL and the Index during the above period. 

 

28
  

 

COMPARISON OF FOL NAV TO BENCHMARK INDEX FOR

THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

 

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

See Additional Legend below.

 

The graph above compares the 2X leveraged return of FOL with the single beta benchmark index returns for the S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index for the year ended December 31, 2012. The Index returns incorporate the closing price of the S&P futures leg of the spread index as of the 4:15 p.m. Eastern Time close of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts while the NAV price for FOL reflects the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts as of the close of the NYMEX light sweet crude oil contract at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. The difference in valuation between the NAV calculation time and the Index calculation time of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contract, plus fund expenses has often resulted in the appearance of a premium or discount between the two values. The difference is related to the combination of the change in market prices of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts after the NYMEX light sweet crude oil market close, the 2X multiple of FOL’s NAV and the cumulative impact on NAV of fund expenses.

 

Each of FOL’s NAV and the Index in the graph above has been rebased to the base value of 100 in order to facilitate the comparison between FOL and the Index during the year.

29
  

 

COMPARISON OF FOL NAV TO BENCHMARK INDEX FOR

THE PERIOD FROM FEBRUARY 22, 2011 TO DECEMBER 31, 2011

 

 

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

See Additional Legend below.

 

The graph above compares the 2X leveraged return of FOL with the single beta benchmark index returns for the S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index for the period February 24, 2011 through December 31, 2011. The Index returns incorporate the closing price of the S&P futures leg of the spread index as of the 4:15 p.m. Eastern Time close of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts while the NAV price for FOL reflects the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts as of the close of the NYMEX light sweet crude oil contract at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. The difference in valuation between the NAV calculation time and the Index calculation time of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contract, plus fund expenses has often resulted in the appearance of a premium or discount between the two values. The difference is related to the combination of the change in market prices of the E-mini S&P 500 stock price index futures contracts after the NYMEX light sweet crude oil market close, the 2X multiple of FOL’s NAV and the cumulative impact on NAV of fund expenses.

 

Each of FOL’s NAV and the Index in the graph above has been rebased to the base value of 100 in order to facilitate the comparison between FOL and the Index during the above period.

 

30
  

Additional Legends

S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index is an index and does not reflect (i) actual trading and (ii) any fees or expenses.

While the Fund’s objective is not to generate profit through active portfolio management, but is to track the Index, because the Index was established on August 11, 2010, certain information relating to the Index closing levels from the Base Date of September 9, 1997 to August 11, 2010 may be considered to be “hypothetical.” Hypothetical information may have certain inherent limitations, some of which are described below.

With respect to Index data, no representation is being made that the Index will or is likely to achieve annual or cumulative closing levels consistent with or similar to those set forth in the graphs above. Similarly, no representation is being made that the Fund will generate profits or losses similar to the Fund’s past performance or the historical annual or cumulative changes in the Index closing levels. In fact, there are frequently sharp differences between hypothetical results and the actual results subsequently achieved by investment methodologies, whether active or passive.

With respect to Index data, one of the limitations of hypothetical information is that it is generally prepared with the benefit of hindsight. To the extent that information presented herein relates to the period from September 9, 1997 through August 11, 2010, the Index closing levels reflect the application of the Index methodology, and selection of the Index Futures Contracts that reflect certain predetermined market sectors, in hindsight.

No hypothetical record can completely account for the impact of financial risk in actual trading. For example, there are numerous factors, including those described in the “Risk Factors” set forth in the Fund’s Prospectus dated July 16, 2012, related to the relevant market segments in general or to the implementation of the Fund’s efforts to track the Index over time which cannot be, and have not been, accounted for in the preparation of the Index information set forth on the graphs above, all of which can adversely affect actual performance results for the Fund. Furthermore, the Index information does not involve financial risk or account for the impact of fees and costs associated with the Fund.

The Managing Owner commenced operations on November 2, 2009. As managing owner, the Managing Owner and its trading principals have been managing the day-to-day operations for the Fund and, if applicable, related products and managing futures accounts. Because there are limited actual trading results to compare to the Index closing levels set forth above, current and prospective investors should be particularly wary of placing undue reliance on the cumulative Index results as reflected in the graphs above.

The Fund seeks investment results for a single day only, not for longer periods. This means that the return of the Fund for a period longer than a single trading day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which will very likely differ from approximately twice (+ 200%) the return of the Index for that period. Due to a number of reasons as described throughout this Report and the Fund’s Prospectus, including, but not limited to, mathematical compounding, daily rebalancing, the differences between the NAV Calculation Time and the Index Calculation Time, leverage and volatility, the Fund will not track its Index for a period longer than a single trading day and may experience tracking error intra-day. In periods of higher market volatility, the volatility of an index may be at least as important to the Fund’s return over any period as the changes in the levels of the Index. The Fund is different from most exchange-traded funds in that the Fund seeks leveraged returns and only on a daily basis. The Fund also is riskier than similarly benchmarked exchange-traded funds that do not use leverage. Accordingly, the Fund may not be suitable for all investors and should be used only by knowledgeable investors who understand the potential consequences of seeking daily leveraged investment results. Shareholders should actively monitor their investments.

31
  

FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2012

Fund Share Price Performance

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the NYSE Arca market value of each Share decreased 54.89% from $21.48 per Share, representing the closing price on December 31, 2011 to $9.69 per Share, representing the closing price as of December 31, 2012. The Share price high and low for the year ended December 31, 2012 and related change from the closing Share price on December 31, 2011 was as follows: Shares traded from a high of $22.67 per Share (+5.54%) on January 5, 2012 to a low of $8.34 per Share (-61.17%) on December 11, 2012.

Fund Share Net Asset Value Performance

For the year ended December 31, 2012, the net asset value of each Share decreased 54.81% from $21.42 per Share to $9.68 per Share (NAV calculation methodology as described in the notes to the financial statements). For the year ended December 31, 2012, losses in the Oil Index Futures Contracts, in the Equity Index Futures Contracts and fund expenses resulted in the overall decrease in the NAV per Share during the year.

Net loss for the year ended December 31, 2012, was $1,153,079, resulting from net realized loss on futures contracts of $1,094,791, net unrealized gain on futures contracts of $275,981, and the net investment loss of $334,269.

FOR THE PERIOD FROM FEBRUARY 22, 2011 TO DECEMBER 31, 2011

Fund Share Price Performance

During the period from February 24, 2011 (commencement of Shares trading on the NYSE Arca) to December 31, 2011, the NYSE Arca market value of each Share decreased 15.53% from $25.43 per Share, representing the initial trade on February 24, 2011 to $21.48 per Share, representing the closing price as of December 31, 2011. The Share price high and low for the period February 24, 2011 to December 31, 2011 and related change from the initial Share price on February 24, 2011 was as follows: Shares traded from a high of $31.42 per Share (+23.55%) on April 8, 2011 to a low of $18.07 per Share (-28.94%) on October 5, 2011 and October 13, 2011.

Fund Share Net Asset Value Performance

For the period from February 22, 2011 (commencement of investment operations) to December 31, 2011, the net asset value of each Share decreased 14.32% from $25.00 per Share to $21.42 per Share (NAV calculation methodology as described in the notes to the financial statements). For the period from February 22, 2011 to December 31, 2011, losses in the Oil Index Futures Contracts and fund expenses more than offset gains in the Equity Index Futures Contracts resulting in the overall decrease in the NAV per Share during the period.

Net loss for the period from February 22, 2011 to December 31, 2011, was $763,311, resulting from net realized loss on futures contracts of $477,921, net unrealized loss on futures contracts of $87,197, and the net investment loss of $198,193.

 

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

Fund Share Price Performance

During the three months ended December 31, 2012, the NYSE Arca market value of each Share decreased 7.63% from $10.49 per Share, representing the closing price on September 30, 2012, to $9.69 per Share, representing the closing price as of December 31, 2012. The Share price high and low for the three months ended December 31, 2012 and related change from the closing Share price on September 30, 2012 was as follows: Shares traded from a high of $10.56 per Share (+0.67%) on October 1, 2012 to a low of $8.34 per Share (-20.50%) on December 11, 2012.

32
  

Fund Share Net Asset Value Performance

For the three months ended December 31, 2012, the net asset value of each Share decreased 7.98% from $10.52 per Share to $9.68 per Share (NAV calculation methodology as described in the notes to the financial statements). For the three months ended December 31, 2011, net gains in the Oil Index Futures Contracts and in the Equity Index Futures Contracts were more than offset by fund expenses resulting in the overall decrease in the NAV per Share during the period.

Net loss for the three months ended December 31, 2012, was $75,541, resulting from net realized loss on futures contracts of $278,671, net unrealized gains on futures contracts of $282,096, and the net investment loss of $78,966.

 

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2011

 

Fund Share Price Performance

During the three months ended December 31, 2011, the NYSE Arca market value of each Share increased 16.05% from $18.51 per Share, representing the closing price on September 30, 2011, to $21.48 per Share, representing the closing price as of December 31, 2011. The Share price high and low for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and related change from the closing Share price on September 30, 2011 was as follows: Shares traded from a high of $24.98 per Share (+34.95%) on November 30, 2011 to a low of $18.07 per Share (-2.38%) on October 5, 2011 and October 13, 2011.

Fund Share Net Asset Value Performance

For the three months ended December 31, 2011, the net asset value of each Share increased 18.93% from $18.01 per Share to $21.42 per Share (NAV calculation methodology as described in the notes to the financial statements). For the three months ended December 31, 2011, gains in the Oil Index Futures Contracts more than offset losses in the Equity Index Futures Contracts and fund expenses resulting in the overall increase in the NAV per Share during the period.

Net income for the three months ended December 31, 2011, was $315,111, resulting from net realized gain on futures contracts of $186,545, net unrealized gains on futures contracts of $203,460, and the net investment loss of $74,894.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

In the normal course of its business, the Fund is party to financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk. The term “off-balance sheet risk” refers to an unrecorded potential liability that, even though it does not appear on the Statements of Financial Condition, may result in a future obligation or loss. The instruments used by the Fund are futures contracts, whose values are based upon an underlying asset and generally represent future commitments which have a reasonable possibility to be settled in cash or through physical delivery. The instruments are traded on an exchange and are standardized contracts.

The Fund has not utilized, nor does it expect to utilize in the future, special purpose entities to facilitate off-balance sheet financing arrangements and have no loan guarantee arrangements or off-balance sheet arrangements of any kind, other than agreements entered into in the normal course of business noted above, which may include indemnification provisions related to certain risks service providers undertake in performing services which are in the best interests of the Fund. While the Fund’s exposure under such indemnification provisions cannot be estimated, these general business indemnifications are not expected to have a material impact on the Fund’s financial position.

 

The Fund’s contractual obligations are with the Managing Owner and the Commodity Broker. Management Fee payments made to the Managing Owner are calculated as a fixed percentage of the Fund’s net asset value, net of any applicable waivers. Commission payments to the Commodity Broker are on a contract-by-contract, or round-turn, basis. As such, the Managing Owner cannot anticipate the amount of payments that will be required under these arrangements for future periods as net asset values are not known until a future date. These agreements are effective for one-year terms, renewable automatically for additional one-year terms unless terminated. Additionally, these agreements may be terminated by either party for various reasons.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

Not required. 

33
  
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

Index

 

         

Documents

  Page  
   
Statements of Financial Condition 35
Schedules of Investments 36
Statements of Operations 38
Statements of Changes in Shareholder’s Capital 39
Statements of Cash Flows 40
Notes to Financial Statements 41
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms 52
   
   
   
34
  

 

 

 

 

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR
Statements of Financial Condition
December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011

 

    2012     2011
Assets           
  Short-term investments, at fair value (cost $1,065,241 and $546,008, respectively)   $ 1,065,241   $       546,008
  Segregated cash held by broker   726,206     1,824,092
  Receivable on open futures contracts   209,360     -
  Prepaid expenses   1,950     1,828
  Total assets $ 2,002,757   $ 2,371,928
             
Liabilities and shareholders’ capital          
  Payable on open futures contracts $ 20,576   $ 87,197
  Due to related parties   3,978     7,224
  Accrued liabilities   71,175     130,698
    Total liabilities   95,729     225,119
             
Shareholders’ capital          
  Paid-in-capital   $    3,823,418   $ 2,910,120
  Accumulated earnings/(deficit)   (1,916,390)      (763,311)
    Total shareholders’ capital   1,907,028     2,146,809
             
             
  Total liabilities and shareholders’ capital $ 2,002,757   $ 2,371,928
  Shares outstanding   200,040     100,040
  Net asset value per share $ 9.53   $ 21.46
  Market value per share $ 9.69   $ 21.48
                   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

35
  

 

 

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR
Schedule of Investments
December 31, 2012

 

DESCRIPTION    

 

Principal Amount

Fair Value

 

Short-Term Investments (55.86% of shareholders’ capital)

Money Market Funds (55.86% of shareholder’s capital)
JP Morgan 100% U.S. Treasury Securities Money Market Fund Capital   $      1,065,241   $      1,065,241  
Total Short-Term Investments      
(Cost $1,065,241)       $      1,065,241  
         
DESCRIPTION

 

Number of Contracts

Fair Value at
Trade Date
Fair Value at
December 31, 2012
Unrealized Appreciation/ (Depreciation)
U.S. Futures        
Futures Contracts Purchased        
Light Sweet Crude Oil Futures, FEB13 42  $3,647,080 $3,856,440  $  209,360
Futures Contracts Sold        
S & P 500 E Mini Index Futures, MAR13 55 $3,884,699 $3,905,275 $       (20,576)
         
         $   188,784
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

36
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR
Schedule of Investments
December 31, 2011

 

DESCRIPTION    

 

Principal
Amount

Fair Value

 

Short-Term Investments (25.43% of shareholders’ capital)

Money Market Funds (25.43% of shareholder’s capital)
JP Morgan 100% U.S. Treasury Securities Money Market Fund Capital   $      546,008   $      546,008  
Total Short-Term Investments      
(Cost $546,008)       $      546,008  
         
DESCRIPTION

 

Number of Contracts

Fair Value at
Trade Date
Fair Value at
December 31, 2011
Unrealized Appreciation/ (Depreciation)
U.S. Futures        
Futures Contracts Purchased        
Light Sweet Crude Oil Futures, FEB12 43  $4,262,500 $4,249,690  $(12,810)
Futures Contracts Sold        
S & P 500 E Mini Index Futures, MAR12 68 $4,184,453 $4,258,840         $(74,387)
         
         $(87,197)
 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

37
  

 

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/ S&P500 BEAR
Statements of Operations
For the Years ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011

    2012 2011
Investment Income    
  Interest Income $                        3 $                872
  Other Income 450 2,700
Total Investment Income 453 3,572
Expenses      
  Management fee 10,969 25,310
  Brokerage commission and fees 3,096 9,799
  Audit fees 65,735 94,995
  Legal fees 33,379 12,601
  Tax Return preparation fees 52,120 51,138
  Administrative/Accounting/Custodian fees 68,220 37,480
  Listing and Calculation Agent fees 13,000 11,076
  Printing and Postage 28,362 17,191
  Distribution fees 11,089 10,570
  Insurance 16,632 14,133
  PFO Support Services 22,689 4,363
  Transfer Agent 4,411 3,912
  Other Expenses 5,020 6,508
  Total Expenses 334,722 299,076
  Less – reduction in management fee - (15,852)
  Less – expense reimbursement - (81,459)
  Net Expenses 334,722 201,765
  Net Investment Income/(Loss)  (334,269) (198,193)
       
Net Realized and Unrealized Gain/(Loss) on Investment Activity
Net Realized Gain/(Loss)    
  Futures Contracts (1,094,791) (477,921)
Change in Unrealized Gain/(Loss)    
  Futures Contracts 275,981 (87,197)
  Net realized and unrealized gain/(loss) (818,810) (565,118)
Net Income/(Loss) $ (1,153,079)  $      (763,311)

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

38
  

 

 

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR
Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Capital
For the Years ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011

    2012     2011
           
Shareholders’ Capital at beginning of year   $         2,146,809     $         1,000
Increase/(decrease) in Shareholders’ Capital resulting from share transactions          
Addition of 100,000 and 400,000 shares, respectively   913,298     10,085,273
Redemption of -0- and 300,000 shares, respectively   -     (7,176,153)
Net increase/(decrease) in Shareholders’ Capital resulting from share transactions   913,298     2,909,120
Increase/(decrease) in Shareholders’ Capital from operations          
Net investment income/(loss)   (334,269)     (198,193)
Net realized gain/(loss)   (1,094,791)     (477,921)
Change in net unrealized appreciation/(depreciation)   275,981     (87,197)
Increase/(decrease) in Shareholders’ Capital from operations   (1,153,079)     (763,311)
Shareholders’ Capital at end of year   $        1,907,028     $        2,146,809

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

39
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR
Statements of Cash Flows

For the Years ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011

      2012  

 

2011

Cash flows used in operating activities:          
Net income/(loss)     $        (1,153,079)   $         (763,311)
Adjustments to reconcile net income/(loss) to net cash used in operating activities:      
  Net sale/(purchase) of investments   (519,233)   (545,136)
  Accretion of discount on United States Treasury Obligations   -   (872)
  Decrease/(Increase) in segregated cash balances for futures agreements   1,097,886   (1,824,092)
  Increase in receivable on open futures contracts   (209,360)   -
  Increase in prepaid expenses   (122)   (1,828)
  Increase/(Decrease) in payable on open futures contracts   (66,621)       87,197
  Increase/(Decrease) in due to related parties   (3,246)   7,224
  Increase/(Decrease) in accrued liabilities   (59,523)   130,698
  Net cash used in operating activities   (913,298)   (2,910,120)
           
Cash flows provided by financing activities:         
  Proceeds from sale of shares   913,298   10,085,273
  Paid on redemption of shares   -    (7,176,153)
  Net cash provided by financing activities   913,298   2,909,120
  Net decrease in cash   -   (1,000)
Cash, beginning of year   -   1,000
Cash, end of year    $                       -    $                   -
             
                       

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

40
  

 

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011

 

(1) Organization

 

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR (the “Fund”), a Delaware statutory trust formed on January 26, 2010, commenced investment operations on February 22, 2011. The Fund offers common units of beneficial interest (the “Shares”) only to certain eligible financial institutions (the “Authorized Participants”) in one or more blocks of 100,000 Shares (a “Basket”). Factor Capital Management, LLC (the “Managing Owner”), a Delaware limited liability company and a wholly owned subsidiary of Factor Advisors, LLC, serves as the managing owner and commodity pool operator of the Fund. The Managing Owner seeded the Fund with a capital contribution of $1,000 in exchange for 40 Shares at the initial issuance price of $25.00 per share on March 22, 2010. From March 22, 2010 through February 21, 2011 the Fund had no operating activities and as a result the financial statement disclosures related to the prior period have been omitted.

 

On July 16, 2012, GENCAP Ventures, LLC, a Texas limited liability company, became the sole member and owner of Factor Advisors, LLC, pursuant to a definitive Purchase and Sale Agreement with Factor Advisors Holding Co., LLC, Factor Advisors, LLC and Factor Capital Management, LLC, the Managing Owner of the Fund. The transaction constituted a change of control of the Fund.

 

GENCAP Ventures, LLC is indirectly wholly-owned and controlled by Esposito Private Equity Group, a Texas-based private equity investment firm.

 

GENCAP Ventures, LLC acquired Factor Advisors, LLC from Factor Advisors Holding Co., LLC in consideration of rights to participate in certain future revenues of GENCAP Ventures, LLC, including the management fee paid by the Fund to the Managing Owner.

 

As a result of this transaction, GENCAP Ventures, LLC is the sole Member and owner of Factor Advisors, LLC.

 

The Fund commenced investment operations on February 22, 2011. The Fund Shares commenced trading on the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “NYSE Arca”) on February 24, 2011 under the symbol “FOL”.

 

This report covers the year ended December 31, 2012 and the period from February 22, 2011 (commencement of operations) to December 31, 2011 (hereinafter referred to as the “Year Ended December 31, 2012” and the “Year Ended December 31, 2011”, respectively).

 

The proceeds of the offering of Shares are invested by the Fund in accordance with its investment objective. The Fund is designed for investors who believe the oil market segment will increase in value relative to the large-cap U.S. equities market segment, in one day or less. The objective of the Fund is to seek to track approximately +200% of the daily return of the S&P Crude Oil-Equity Spread Total Return Index (the “Index”). The Fund seeks to track the spread, or the difference in daily returns, between the S&P GSCI Crude Oil Excess Return Index and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Price Return Index Futures segments primarily by establishing a leveraged long position in the NYMEX Light Sweet Crude Oil Futures (the “Oil Index Futures Contract”), and a leveraged short position in the E-mini Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Price Index Futures (the “Equity Index Futures Contract”). The Fund may also invest in Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments from time-to-time. The term “Substitute Futures” refers to futures contracts other than the Oil Index Futures Contract and the Equity Index Futures Contract that underlie the Index that the Managing Owner expects will tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that generally correlate with the Oil Index Futures Contract and/or the Equity Index Futures Contract, as applicable. The term “Financial Instruments” refers to forward agreements and swaps that the Managing Owner expects will tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that generally correlate with the Oil Index Futures Contract and/or the Equity Index Futures Contract, as applicable.

 

41
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011 (continued)

The Oil Index Futures Contract provides an exposure to a major benchmark index of NYMEX Light Sweet Crude Oil prices at Cushing, Oklahoma of West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil (“WTI”). The Oil Index Futures Contract is a futures contract that permits investors to invest in a substitute instrument in place of crude oil commodity prices and thereby speculate on, or hedge exposure to, crude oil prices. The Oil Index Futures Contract serves as a proxy for crude oil prices because the performance of the Oil Index Futures Contract is dependent upon and reflects the changes in the price of light sweet crude oil for distribution and sales in the U.S. oil market, which reflects the performance of oil in the U.S. market. The Equity Index Futures Contract provides an exposure to the large-cap U.S. equity market segment in the U.S. because it is a futures contract that permits investors to invest in a substitute instrument in place of the large cap U.S. equity market and thereby speculate on, or hedge exposure to, the direction of large-cap equity stock prices. The Equity Index Futures Contract serves as a proxy for large-cap equity prices because the performance of the Equity Index Futures Contract is dependent upon and reflects the changes in the price of the underlying large-cap equities.

 

In order to pursue its investment objective, the Fund seeks to invest approximately +200% of the value of its fund capital (i.e., the estimated net asset value) (the “Fund Capital”) in the front month Oil Index Futures Contract (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments). Simultaneously, the Fund seeks to invest approximately −200% of the value of its Fund Capital in the front month Equity Index Futures Contract (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments). Around the Net Asset Value (“NAV”) Calculation Time, and in order to continue to pursue its daily investment objective, the Fund seeks to rebalance daily its front month Oil Index Futures Contracts (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments) to equal approximately +200% of the value of its Fund Capital. Similarly, around the NAV Calculation Time, the Fund seeks to rebalance daily its front month Equity Index Futures Contract (or Substitute Futures and/or Financial Instruments) to equal approximately −200% of the value of its Fund Capital.

 

The Fund has a leverage ratio of approximately 4:1 upon daily rebalancing.

 

The Fund does not seek to achieve its stated investment objective over a period of time greater than one day because daily rebalancing and mathematical compounding prevents the Fund from achieving such results. Accordingly, results over periods of time greater than one day should not be expected to be a simple multiple (+200% or -200%) of the period return of the corresponding benchmark and will likely differ significantly. Investors should monitor their Fund holdings consistent with their strategies, as frequently as daily.

 

Standard & Poor’s®, S&P® and GSCI® are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC (“S&P”) and have been licensed for use by the Managing Owner. The Fund is not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by S&P or its affiliates.

 

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(a) Basis of Accounting

The accompanying financial statements of the Fund have been prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

(b) Reclassification

 

Certain amounts in the prior year have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.

 

(c) Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

(d) Cash

Cash, when shown in the Statements of Financial Condition, represents non-segregated cash with the custodian and does not include short term investments.

 

42
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011 (continued)

 

(e) Segregated Cash Held by Broker

 

The Fund’s arrangement with Interactive Brokers, LLC (the “Commodity Broker”) requires the Fund to meet its variation margin requirement related to the price movements, both positive and negative, on futures contracts held by the Fund by keeping cash on deposit with the Commodity Broker. These amounts are shown as Cash held by broker in the Statements of Financial Condition. The Fund deposits cash and United States Treasury Obligations with the Commodity Broker subject to Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”) regulations and various exchange and broker requirements. The combination of the Fund’s deposits with its Commodity Broker of cash and United States Treasury Obligations and the unrealized gain or loss on open futures contracts represents the Fund’s overall equity in its brokerage trading account. The Fund uses its cash held by the Commodity Broker to satisfy variation margin requirements. The Fund earns interest on its cash deposited with the Commodity Broker and is recorded on the accrual basis.

 

(f) Final Net Asset Value for Fiscal Period

The calculation time of the Fund’s final net asset value for creation and redemption of fund shares for the Year Ended December 31, 2012 was at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time.

 

Although the Fund’s shares may continue to trade on secondary markets subsequent to the calculation of the final NAV, the 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time represents the final opportunity to transact in creation or redemption units for the Year Ended December 31, 2012.

 

Fair value per share is determined at the close of the NYSE Arca and may be later than when the Fund’s NAV per share is calculated.

 

For financial reporting purposes, the Fund values transactions based upon the final closing price in their primary markets. Accordingly, the investment valuations in these financial statements differ from those used in the calculation of the Fund’s final creation/redemption NAV at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

(g) Investment Valuation

Short-term investments, excluding U.S. Treasury Bills, are carried at amortized cost, which approximates value. U.S. Treasury Bills are valued as determined by an independent pricing service based on methods which include consideration of: yields or prices of securities of comparable quality, coupon, maturity and type; indications as to values from dealers; and general market conditions.

 

Futures contracts are generally valued at the last settled price on the applicable exchange on which that futures contract trades.

 

Financial Instruments are generally valued using independent sources and/or agreements with counterparties or other procedures as determined by the Managing Owner. However, if the price of the underlying Index Futures Contract becomes unavailable with respect to a specific Financial Instrument, the Managing Owner may, in its sole discretion, choose to determine a fair value price as the basis for determining the fair value of such position in a Financial Instrument for such day. Such fair value prices would be generally determined based on available inputs about the current value of the underlying Index Futures Contract and would be based on principles that the Managing Owner deems fair and equitable so long as such principles are consistent with normal industry standards.

 

(h) Financial Instruments and Fair Value

The Fund discloses the fair value of its investments in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) fair value measurement and disclosure guidance which requires a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The disclosure requirements establish a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between: (1) market participant assumptions developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Fund (observable inputs); and (2) the Fund’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions developed based on the best information available under the circumstances (unobservable inputs). The three levels defined by the disclosure requirements hierarchy are as follows:

 

Level I: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

43
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011 (continued)

 

Level II: Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level I that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level II inputs include the following: quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means (market-corroborated inputs).

 

Level III: Unobservable pricing input at the measurement date for the asset or liability. Unobservable inputs shall be used to measure fair value to the extent that observable inputs are not available.

 

In some instances, the inputs used to measure fair value might fall in different levels of the fair value hierarchy. The level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls shall be determined based on the lowest input level that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety.

 

Fair value measurements also require additional disclosure when the volume and level of activity for the asset or liability have significantly decreased, as well as when circumstances indicate that a transaction is not orderly.

 

The following tables summarize the valuation of investments at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 using the fair value hierarchy:

 

December 31, 2012

 

  U.S. Government Treasury Obligations Short-Term
Investments

 

Futures Contracts

 

Total

Level I – Quoted Prices

 

-

 

$1,065,241a

 

$188,784 b

 

$1,254,025

Total      -  $1,065,241 $188,784 $1,254,025

a – Included in Short-term investments in the Statements of Financial Condition.

b – Includes $209,360 in Receivable on open futures contracts and $20,576 in Payable on open futures contracts in the Statements of Financial Condition.

 

December 31, 2011

 

  U.S. Government Treasury Obligations Short-Term
Investments

 

Futures Contracts

 

Total

Level I – Quoted Prices

 

-

 

$546,008 a

 

$(87,197) b

 

$458,811

Total           - $546,008 $  (87,197) $458,811

a – Included in Short-term investments in the Statements of Financial Condition.

b – Included in Payable on open futures contracts in the Statements of Financial Condition.

 

There were no Level II or Level III type holdings at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 and during the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

During the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there were no significant transfers between Level I and Level II.

 

The inputs or methodology used for valuing investments are not necessarily an indication of the risk associated with investing in those securities.

 

(i) Investment Transactions and Related Income

Investment transactions are recorded on the trade date. All such transactions are recorded on the identified cost basis, with the exception of futures transactions which are recorded on the average cost basis, and marked to market daily. Unrealized appreciation/depreciation on open futures contracts is reflected in the Statements of Financial Condition and the change in the unrealized appreciation/depreciation between periods is reflected in the Statements of Operations. Discounts on short-term securities purchased are accreted daily and reflected as Interest Income in the Statements of Operations.

44
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011 (continued)

(j) Federal Income Taxes

The Fund is registered as a Delaware statutory trust and is treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Accordingly, the Fund does not expect to incur U.S. federal income tax liability; rather, each beneficial owner is required to take into account their allocable share of the Fund’s income, gain, loss, deductions and other items for the Fund’s taxable year ending with or within the beneficial owner’s taxable year.

 

Management of the Fund has reviewed the open tax years 2010 to 2012 and major jurisdictions and concluded that there is no tax liability resulting from unrecognized tax benefits relating to uncertain income tax positions taken or expected to be taken in future tax returns. The Fund is also not aware of any tax positions for which it is reasonably possible that the total amounts of unrecognized tax benefits will significantly change in the next twelve months. On an ongoing basis, management will monitor its tax positions taken to determine if adjustments to its conclusions are necessary based on factors including, but not limited to, further implementation of guidance expected from the Financial Accounting Standards Board and on-going analysis of tax law, regulation, and interpretations thereof.

 

(3) Investments

(a) Short-Term Investments

The Fund may purchase U.S. Treasury Bills, agency securities, money market funds and other high-credit quality short-term fixed income or similar securities with original maturities of one year or less. A portion of these investments may be used as margin for the Fund’s trading in futures contracts.

 

(b) Derivative Instruments

In seeking to achieve the Fund’s investment objective, the Managing Owner uses a mathematical approach to investing. Using this approach, the Managing Owner determines the type, quantity and mix of investment positions that the Managing Owner believes in combination should produce daily returns consistent with the Fund’s objective.

 

All open derivative positions at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 for the Fund are disclosed in the Schedules of Investments and the notional value of these open positions relative to shareholders’ capital of the Fund is generally representative of the notional value of open positions to shareholders’ capital throughout the reporting periods for the Fund. The volume associated with derivative positions varies on a daily basis as the Fund transacts in derivative contracts in order to achieve the appropriate exposure, as expressed in notional value, in comparison to shareholders’ capital consistent with the Fund’s investment objective.

 

Following is a description of the derivative instruments used by the Fund during the reporting periods, including the primary underlying risk exposures related to each investment type.

 

The Fund enters into futures contracts to gain exposure to changes in the value of the underlying commodity or financial index. A commodities futures contract obligates the seller to deliver (and the purchaser to accept) the future delivery of a specified quantity and type of a commodity at a specified time and place. The contractual obligations of a buyer or seller of a commodities futures contract may generally be satisfied by taking or making physical delivery of the underlying commodity or by making an offsetting sale or purchase of an identical futures contract on the same or linked exchange before the designated date of delivery. Futures contracts based on an underlying financial index are cash settlement contracts.

 

Upon entering into a futures contract, the Fund is required to deposit and maintain as collateral at least such initial margin as required by the exchange on which the transaction is effected. The initial margin is segregated as Cash held by broker, as disclosed in the Statements of Financial Condition, and is restricted as to its use. Pursuant to the futures contract, the Fund agrees to receive from or pay to the broker an amount of cash equal to the daily fluctuation in value of the futures contract. Such receipts or payments are known as variation margin and are recorded by the Fund as unrealized gains or losses. The Fund will realize a gain or loss upon closing a futures transaction.

 

45
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011 (continued)

Futures contracts involve, to varying degrees, elements of market risk (specifically commodity or financial index price risk) and exposure to loss in excess of the amount of variation margin. The face or contract amounts reflect the extent of the total exposure the Fund has in the particular classes of instruments. Additional risks associated with the use of futures contracts include imperfect correlation between movements in the price of the futures contracts and the market value of the underlying commodity or securities and the possibility of an illiquid market for a futures contract. With futures contracts, there is minimal counterparty risk to the Fund since futures contracts are exchange-traded and the exchange’s clearinghouse, as counterparty to all exchange-traded futures contracts, guarantees the futures contracts against default.

 

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments

As of December 31, 2012

  Asset Derivatives Liability Derivatives

 

Derivatives

 

Statement of Financial Condition

Unrealized Appreciation

 

Statement of Financial Condition

Unrealized Depreciation
Commodities Risk Receivable on open futures contracts $   209,360*                                    -               -
Equity Risk - - Payable on open futures contracts $   (20,576)*

*Includes cumulative appreciation/depreciation of futures contracts as reported in the Schedule of Investments.

 

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments

As of December 31, 2011

  Asset Derivatives Liability Derivatives

 

Derivatives

 

Statement of Financial Condition

Unrealized Appreciation

 

Statement of Financial Condition

Unrealized Depreciation
Commodities Risk  - - Payable on open futures contracts $   (12,810)*
Equity Risk                                    -               - Payable on open futures contracts $   (74,387)*

*Includes cumulative depreciation of futures contracts as reported in the Schedule of Investments.

 

The Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Statement of Operations

For the Year ended December 31, 2012

 

 

Derivatives

 

 

Location of Gain (Loss) on Derivatives

Realized Gain (Loss) on Derivatives Recognized in Income Change in Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) on Derivatives Recognized in Income

 

Commodities Risk

Net realized gain/(loss) on futures contracts and/or Change in unrealized gain/(loss) on futures contracts

 

$ (522,520)

 

$ 222,170

 

Equity Risk

Net realized gain/(loss) on futures contracts and/or Change in unrealized gain/(loss) on futures contracts

 

$ (572,271)

 

$ 80,898

The futures contracts open at December 31, 2012 are indicative of the activity for the year ended December 31, 2012.

 

The Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Statement of Operations

For the Year ended December 31, 2011

 

 

Derivatives

 

 

Location of Gain (Loss) on Derivatives

Realized Gain (Loss) on Derivatives Recognized in Income Change in Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) on Derivatives Recognized in Income

 

Commodities Risk

Net realized gain/(loss) on futures contracts and/or Change in unrealized gain/(loss) on futures contracts

 

$ (859,025)

 

$ (12,810)

 

Equity Risk

Net realized gain/(loss) on futures contracts and/or Change in unrealized gain/(loss) on futures contracts

 

$ 381,104

 

$ (74,387)

The futures contracts open at December 31, 2011 are indicative of the activity for the year ended December 31, 2011.

46
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011 (continued)

(4) Agreements

 

(a) Management Fee

 

The Fund pays the Managing Owner a management fee, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to 0.75% per annum of the average daily NAV of the Fund (the “Management Fee”). The Management Fee is paid in consideration of the Managing Owner’s advisory services to the Fund. From the Management Fee, the Managing Owner is responsible for paying any license fee relating to the Index. As of March 4, 2011, the Managing Owner voluntarily agreed to waive receipt of its management fees and/or assume the expenses of the Fund so that Fund expenses did not exceed an annual rate of 2% of the value of the Fund’s average daily net assets. As of July 18, 2011, the Managing Owner voluntarily agreed to waive receipt of its management fees and/or assume the expenses of the Fund so that Fund expenses did not exceed an annual rate of 2.99% of the value of the Fund’s average daily net assets. As of August 1, 2011, the Managing Owner discontinued the voluntary waiver of management fees and reimbursement of expenses. The waiver and reimbursement for the period from February 22, 2011 to July 31, 2011 were voluntary on the part of the Managing Owner.

 

The reduction in management fee, pursuant to the undertaking, amounted to $15,852 for the Year Ended December 31, 2011.

 

b) The Administrator, Transfer Agent and Custodian

 

The Fund has appointed State Street Bank and Trust Company (“State Street”), a Massachusetts trust company, as the administrator (the “Administrator”), the transfer agent (the “Transfer Agent”) and the custodian (the “Custodian”) of the Fund and has entered into an Administration Agreement, a Transfer Agency and Service Agreement and a Custodian Agreement in connection therewith, respectively.

 

The monthly fees for administrative and custody services are up to 0.0475% per annum of the average net assets of the Fund up to $200 million and 0.0225% thereafter, subject to an annual minimum fee of $32,500 for the first twelve months of the Fund’s operations, $30,000 for the next 6 months and, effective September 1, 2012, $75,000 annually. Additionally, the Fund may pay the Transfer Agent approximately $13,500 per annum plus several additional and de minimis fees, as applicable.

 

(c) The Distributor

 

Foreside Fund Services, LLC (the “Distributor”) provides certain distribution services to the Fund. Pursuant to the Distribution Services Agreement between the Managing Owner, the Fund and the Distributor, the Distributor assists the Managing Owner and the Fund with certain functions and duties relating to distribution and marketing services provided to the Fund, including reviewing and approving marketing materials and certain regulatory compliance matters. The Distributor also assists with the processing of creation and redemption orders.

 

The Distributor is paid an annual fee of up to $12,000 by the Fund and a monthly fee of up to 0.005% per annum of the Fund’s average monthly net asset value. The distribution fees amounted to $11,089 and $10,570 for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, as disclosed in the Statements of Operations.

 

On December 31, 2012, the Managing Owner terminated the Distribution Services Agreement with Foreside Fund Services, LLC pursuant to the terms and conditions thereof. (See Note 12.)

 

(d) The Commodity Broker

Interactive Brokers LLC, a Connecticut limited liability company, serves as the Fund’s clearing broker. The Commodity Broker is a member of Factor Advisors Holding Co., LLC. Factor Advisors Holding Co., LLC receives revenue payments from GENCAP Ventures, LLC, parent of the Managing Owner of the Fund. In its capacity as clearing broker, the Commodity Broker executes and clears the Fund’s futures transactions and performs certain administrative services for the Fund.

 

The Fund pays respective brokerage commissions, including applicable exchange fees, National Futures Association (“NFA”) fees, give–up fees, pit brokerage fees and other transaction related fees and expenses charged in connection with trading activities in U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission regulated investments. Brokerage commissions on futures contracts are recognized on a half-turn basis.

 

47
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011 (continued)

 

The brokerage commission and fees amounted to $3,096 and $9,799 for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, as disclosed in the Statements of Operations.

 

(e) ETF Service Provider, LLC

 

Pursuant to a service agreement dated October 25, 2012 between the Managing Owner and ETF Service Provider, LLC (“ESP”), an affiliate of the Managing Owner, the Managing Owner, on behalf of the Fund, has appointed ESP as the tax service provider as well as the Principal Financial Officer (“PFO”) support service provider. ESP assists the Managing Owner with certain functions and duties such as the preparation and filing of the Quarterly and Annual regulatory reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission under PFO support services and K-1 processing and other tax return preparation services under tax service provider services.

 

For tax service provider services, ESP is paid an annual fee of $50,000 by the Fund. The tax return preparation fees amounted to $52,120 and $51,138 for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. The tax return preparation fees for the Year Ended December 31, 2011 were paid to a non-related third party service provider.

 

For PFO support services, ESP is paid an annual fee of $35,000 by the Fund. The PFO support services fees amounted to $22,689 and $4,373 for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. Of the $22,689 PFO support services fees for the Year Ended December 31, 2012, $17,311 was paid to ESP and $5,378 was paid to a non-related third party service provider. The PFO support services fees of $4,363 for the Year Ended December 31, 2011 were paid to non-related third party service providers.

 

(f) The Trustee

 

Under the Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust and Trust Agreement (the “Trust Agreement”), Wilmington Trust Company, the Trustee of the Fund (the “Trustee”) serves as the sole trustee of the Fund in the State of Delaware. The Trustee will accept service of legal process on the Fund in the State of Delaware and will make certain filings under the Delaware Statutory Trust Act. Under the Trust Agreement, the Managing Owner has the exclusive management and control of all aspects of the business of the Fund. The Trustee does not owe any other duties to the Fund, the Managing Owner or the Shareholders of the Fund. The Trustee has no duty or liability to supervise or monitor the performance of the Managing Owner, nor does the Trustee have any liability for the acts or omissions of the Managing Owner. The trustee fees amounted to $5,000 and $4,456 for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, and are included in Other Expenses in the Statements of Operations.

 

(g) Routine Offering, Operational, Administrative and Other Ordinary Expenses

 

The Fund pays all of the routine offering, operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses, including, but not limited to, accounting and computer services, the fees and expenses of the Trustee, Administrator, Custodian, Transfer Agent and Distributor, legal and accounting fees and expenses, tax return preparation expenses, filing fees, and printing, mailing and duplication costs. The routine offering, operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses amounted to $334,722 and $299,076 for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

The reimbursement of Fund expenses, pursuant to the undertaking (as discussed in Note 4a), amounted to $81,459 for the Year Ended December 31, 2011.

 

(h) Organizational and Offering Costs

Expenses incurred in connection with organizing the Fund and up to the offering of its Shares upon commencement of its investment operations on February 22, 2011, were paid by Factor Advisors, LLC without reimbursement. Accordingly, all such expenses are not reflected in the Statements of Operations. The Fund will bear the costs of its continuous offering of Shares and ongoing offering expenses. Such ongoing offering costs will be included as a portion of the Routine Offering, Operational, Administrative and Other Ordinary Expenses. These costs will include registration fees for regulatory agencies and all legal, accounting, printing and other expenses associated therewith. These costs will be accounted for as a deferred charge and thereafter amortized to expense over twelve months on a straight-line basis or a shorter period if warranted.

 

For the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Fund did not incur any such expenses.

48
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011 (continued)

(i) Extraordinary Fees and Expenses

The Fund will pay all extraordinary fees and expenses, if any. Extraordinary fees and expenses are non-recurring and unusual in nature, such as legal claims and liabilities, litigation costs or indemnification or other unanticipated expenses. Such extraordinary fees and expenses, by their nature, are unpredictable in terms of timing and amount. For the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Fund did not incur any such expenses.

 

(5) Creations and Redemptions

The Fund issues and redeems Shares from time to time, but only in one or more Baskets. A Basket is a block of 100,000 Shares of the Fund. Baskets may be created or redeemed only by Authorized Participants.

 

Except when aggregated in Baskets, the Shares are not redeemable securities. Retail investors, therefore, generally will not be able to purchase or redeem Shares directly from or with the Fund. Rather, most retail investors will purchase or sell Shares in the secondary market with the assistance of a broker. Thus, some of the information contained in these Notes to Financial Statements – such as references to the Transaction Fee imposed on creations and redemptions – is not relevant to retail investors.

 

(a)  Transaction Fees on Creation and Redemption Transactions

In connection with orders to create and redeem one or more Baskets, an Authorized Participant is required to pay a transaction fee, or AP Transaction Fee, of $500 per order, of which $50 goes directly to the Custodian and $450 is paid to the Fund and is recorded as Other Income in the Statements of Operations. The AP Transaction Fees are paid by the Authorized Participants and not by the Fund. The Fund earned $450 and $2,700, respectively, in AP transaction fees for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

(b)   Share Transactions

 

Summary of Share Transactions for the Year Ended December 31, 2012

 

 

Shares

 

Paid in Capital

Shares Sold 100,000 $             913,298
Shares Redeemed

-

-

Net Increase/(Decrease)

100,000

$             913,298

 

Summary of Share Transactions for the Year Ended December 31, 2011

 

 

Shares

 

Paid in Capital

Shares Sold 400,000 $        10,085,273
Shares Redeemed

(300,000)

(7,176,153)

Net Increase/(Decrease)

100,000

$ 2,909,120

 

 

(6) Risk

(a) Correlation Risk

The Fund does not seek to achieve its stated investment objective over a period of time greater than one day because daily rebalancing and mathematical compounding prevents the Fund from achieving such results. Accordingly, results over periods of time greater than one day should not be expected to be a simple multiple of that of the periodic return, positive or negative, of the corresponding benchmark and will likely differ significantly.

 

49
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011 (continued)

A number of factors may affect the Fund’s ability to achieve a high degree of correlation with its benchmark, and there can be no guarantee that the Fund will achieve a high degree of correlation. A failure to achieve a high degree of correlation may prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective. A number of factors may adversely affect the Fund’s correlation with its benchmark, including fees, expenses, transaction costs, costs associated with the use of leveraged investment techniques, income items, accounting standards and disruptions or illiquidity in the markets for the futures contracts or Financial Instruments in which the Fund invests. The Fund may be subject to large movements of assets into and out of the Fund, potentially resulting in the Fund being over- or under-exposed to its benchmark. In addition, there is a special form of correlation risk that derives from the Fund’s use of leverage, which is that for periods greater than one day, the use of leverage tends to cause the performance of the Fund to be either greater than or less than the target return for the same period stated in the Fund objective, before accounting for fees and Fund expenses. In general, given a particular index return, increased volatility of the index may cause a decrease in the performance relative to the target return for the same period.

 

(b) Leverage Risk

Leverage offers a means of magnifying market movements into larger changes in an investment’s value and provides greater investment exposure than an unleveraged investment. Futures contracts are used to create leverage. The Fund employs leveraged investment techniques to achieve its investment objective.

 

(c) Liquidity Risk

In certain circumstances, such as the disruption of the orderly markets for the futures contracts or Financial Instruments in which the Fund invests, the Fund might not be able to dispose of certain holdings quickly or at prices that represent what the market value may have been in an orderly market. Such a situation may prevent the Fund from limiting losses, realizing gains or achieving a high correlation with its underlying Index.

 

(7) Profit and Loss Allocations and Distributions

Pursuant to the Trust Agreement, income and expenses are allocated pro rata among the Shareholders monthly based on their respective percentage interests as of the close of the last trading day of the preceding month. Any losses allocated to the Managing Owner which are in excess of the Managing Owner’s capital balance are allocated to the Shareholders in accordance with their respective interest in the Fund as a percentage of total Shareholders’ capital. Distributions (other than redemption of units) may be made at the sole discretion of the Managing Owner on a pro rata basis in accordance with the respective interests of the Shareholders.

 

(8) Indemnifications

 

The Managing Owner, either in its own capacity or in its capacity as the Managing Owner and on behalf of the Fund, has entered into various service agreements that contain a variety of representations, or provide indemnification provisions related to certain risks service providers undertake in performing services which are in the best interests of the Fund. As of December 31, 2012, the Fund had not received any claims or incurred any losses pursuant to these agreements and expects the risk of such losses to be remote.

 

(9) Termination

 

The term of the Fund is perpetual unless terminated earlier in certain circumstances as described in the Prospectus.

 

50
  

FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2012 and 2011 (continued)

(10) Net Asset Value and Financial Highlights

 

The Fund is presenting the following net asset value and financial highlights related to investment performance for a Share outstanding for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The net investment income/(loss) and expense ratios are calculated using average net assets. The net asset value presentation is calculated by dividing the Fund’s net assets by the average daily number of Shares outstanding. The total return is based on the change in net asset value or market value of the Shares during the year. An individual investor’s return and ratios may vary based on the timing of their transactions in Fund Shares.

 

    Year Ended
    December 31, 2012 December 31, 2011
Net Asset Value    
Net asset value per Share, beginning of year $             21.46 $             25.00
Net investment income/(loss) (3.07) (1.17)
Net realized and unrealized gain/(loss) (8.86) (2.37)
Net income/(loss) (11.93) (3.54)
Net asset value per Share, end of year $               9.53 $             21.46
Market value per Share, end of year $               9.69 $             21.48

 

Ratios to average Net Assets

   
Expense ratio (a) 22.89% 5.96%
Expense ratio before waiver / reimbursement 22.89% 8.84%
Net investment income (loss) (22.85)% (5.86)%
Total Return, at net asset value (55.59)% (14.16)% (b)
Total Return, at market value (54.89)% (15.53)% (b)
     

 

aFor the period March 4, 2011 through July 17, 2011 Fund expenses had been capped at 2% of average net assets. For the period July 18, 2011 through July 31, 2011 Fund expenses had been capped at 2.99% of average net assets. See Note 4(a).
bNet Asset Value (NAV) returns are calculated from when the Fund began investment operations (February 22, 2011), while returns based on Market Value are calculated from the date shares were initially listed and publicly available (February 24, 2011).

 

 (11) Going Concern

 

The Managing Owner of the Fund, Factor Capital Management, LLC, is indirectly wholly owned and controlled by Esposito Private Equity Group (“EPEG”). The Managing Owner is dependent on EPEG for capital investments to support its ongoing operations. Currently, EPEG has not committed to additional capital investments into the Managing Owner. As a result, there is significant doubt as to the Managing Owner’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

This uncertainty raises substantial doubt about the Fund's ability to continue as a going concern, primarily due to the Fund's operational dependence on the services provided to the Fund by the Managing Owner.

 

The Managing Owner is actively seeking other capital partners to maintain operations. If the Managing Owner is unable to secure the necessary capital to sustain its operations it will look to transfer the management of the Fund to another suitable Commodity Pool Operator (“CPO”). If the Managing Owner is unable to transfer the Fund to another CPO it will liquidate the Fund in a timely manner.

 

(12) Subsequent Events

 

Effective January 1, 2013, the Fund and the Managing Owner of the Fund entered into a Distribution Services Agreement with Esposito Securities, LLC. Esposito Securities, LLC is an affiliate of the Managing Owner. The terms and conditions of the new Distribution Services Agreement with Esposito Securities, LLC are substantially identical to those of the Distribution Services Agreement with Foreside Fund Services, LLC.

 

Effective January 1, 2013, the Fund and the Managing Owner of the Fund entered into an agreement (the “Agreement”) with ETF Service Provider, LLC to provide Chief Compliance Officer Service to the Fund. ETF Service Provider, LLC is an affiliate of the Managing Owner. Under the terms and conditions of the Agreement, the Fund will pay ETF Service Provider, LLC $16,000 annually.

 

The Fund evaluated the need for additional disclosures and/or adjustments resulting from subsequent events through the date the financial statements were issued. This evaluation did not result in any subsequent events that necessitated disclosures and/or adjustments, other than as mentioned above.

 

51
  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

The Management Committee of Factor Capital Mangement, LLC and

Shareholders of FactorShares 2X: Oil Bull/S&P 500 Bear

 

We have audited the accompanying statements of financial condition of FactorShares 2X: Oil Bull/S&P 500 Bear (the “Fund”), including the schedule of investments as of December 31, 2012, and the related statements of operations, changes in shareholders’ capital, and cash flows for the year then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Fund’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. We were not engaged to perform an audit of the Fund's internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included a consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Fund's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of FactorShares 2X: Oil Bull/S&P 500 Bear as of December 31, 2012, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Fund will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 11 to the financial statements, the Fund has operational dependence on the Managing Owner, and conditions exist at the Managing Owner that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern, thereby raising substantial doubt about the Fund’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 11. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

 

/s/ WithumSmith+Brown, PC

New Brunswick, NJ

March 26, 2013

 

 

52
 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Management Committee of Factor Capital Management, LLC and

Shareholders of FactorShares 2X: Oil Bull/S&P 500 Bear

 

We have audited the accompanying statements of financial condition FactorShares 2X: Oil Bull/S&P 500 Bear (the “Fund”) as of December 31, 2011, including the schedule of investments as of December 31, 2011, and the related statements of operations, changes in shareholders’ capital, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2011. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Fund’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. We were not engaged to perform an audit of the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of FactorShares 2X: Oil Bull/S&P 500 Bear at December 31, 2011, and the results of its operations, the changes in its shareholders’ capital, and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2011, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

 

 

  /s/ Ernst & Young LLP

 

 

New York, New York

March 22, 2012

 

53
  

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

The Board of Managers of the Managing Owner, on behalf of the Fund, approved the engagement of WithumSmith+Brown, PC as the independent registered public accounting firm for the Fund, effective November 7, 2012. The Fund filed Form 8-K Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 on November 13, 2012. There were no disagreements with the prior independent accounting firm on any matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure or auditing scope or procedure.

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of the management of the Managing Owner, including Samuel Masucci, III, its Principal Executive Officer, and Mary Byra, its Principal Financial Officer, the Fund carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of its disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) or 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this annual report, and, based upon that evaluation, Samuel Masucci, III and Mary Byra, the Principal Executive Officer and the Principal Financial Officer, respectively, of the Managing Owner, concluded that the Fund’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information the Fund is required to disclose in the reports that it files or submits with the SEC under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Fund in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management of the Managing Owner, including its Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Report of Management on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Management of Factor Capital Management, LLC, as managing owner (the “Managing Owner”) of FactorShares 2X: Oil Bull/S&P500 Bear (the “Fund”), is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined under Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that: (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Fund; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that the Fund’s receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with appropriate authorizations of management; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Fund’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements, errors or fraud. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Samuel Masucci, III, Principal Executive Officer, and Mary Byra, Principal Financial Officer, assessed the effectiveness of the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2012. In making this assessment, the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) in Internal Control – Integrated Framework was used. The assessment included an evaluation of the design of the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting and testing of the operational effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting. Based on this assessment and those criteria, it is concluded that the Fund maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2012.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There has been no change in internal control over financial reporting (as defined in the Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) that occurred during the Fund’s last fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

54
  

PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

Board of Directors and Executive Officers

 

The Fund has no directors or executive officers and also does not have any employees. It is managed by the Managing Owner.

The current board of managers and executive officers of the Managing Owner are as follows:

 

         

Name

  Age  

Position

Samuel Masucci, III   51   Chairman and Principal Executive Officer of Managing Owner and Member of the Board of Managers
Robert S. Tull, Jr.   60   Chief Operating Officer of Managing Owner
Mary Byra   43   Principal Financial Officer of Managing Owner

 

Samuel Masucci, III joined Factor Advisors LLC on July 16, 2012. Mr. Masucci serves as Chief Executive Officer of the Managing Owner with responsibilities for ETF services. Mr. Masucci has been a principal of the Managing Owner since June 20, 2012. Mr. Masucci was out of the job market from January-May 2012. Mr. Masucci has served as the Chief Executive Officer of GENCAP Ventures LLC since May, 2012, and is responsible for managing all ETF issuers and related service activities. Mr. Masucci worked as Chief Executive Officer for MacroMarkets LLC from April, 2005 to December, 2011 with responsibility for running the day to day operations of an issuer of public securities and a registered broker dealer. From April, 2005 to December, 2011, Mr. Masucci also worked as the Chief Executive Officer, managing partner and chief compliance officer of Macro Financial LLC, which was a registered broker-dealer. From July, 2001 to April, 2005, Mr. Masucci worked as an owner and manager of The Cobblestone Group offering fixed income consulting services to the investment banking and commercial banking industries. From March, 1999 to June, 2001, Mr. Masucci worked in mortgage trading, as a Managing Director for Bear Stearns Inc., a financial institution. Mr. Masucci was out of the job market from December, 1998 to February, 1999. From June, 1996 to November 1998, Mr. Masucci worked at SBC Warburg/UBS, a financial institution, as an Executive Director managing an asset backed securities group. From January 1992 to June, 1996, Mr. Masucci worked in structured products (specifically, structuring mortgage derivatives and hedge funds), at Merrill Lynch, a financial institution, as a Vice President. From January, 1990 to January, 1992, Mr. Masucci worked as a financial consultant for Merrill Lynch in the private client group in connection with retail investors. From November, 1987 to January, 1990, Mr. Masucci worked at MetLife, an insurance company, as a retail salesperson qualified to sell financial and insurance products to retail clients. From August, 1984 to October, 1987, Mr. Masucci worked as a manager of jobsites for Forestdale Inc., which is a residential property developer. Mr. Masucci received his B.S. from Penn State University in finance July 1984. Mr. Masucci’s long career in the financial services industry and significant management experience in the financial services and alternative asset management industry were the material considerations that led the Board of Managers of the Managing Owner to conclude that Mr. Masucci should serve as a Manager of the Managing Owner.

Robert S. Tull Jr. joined Factor Advisors LLC and the Managing Owner of the Funds, as the Chief Operating Officer of Factor Advisors LLC and the Managing Owner on August 16, 2010. Mr. Tull served as a consultant to Factor Advisors LLC and the Managing Owner beginning March 2010. Mr. Tull has been a principal of the Managing Owner since October 13, 2010. Prior to joining Factor and the Managing Owner, Mr. Tull served as the COO of Old Mutual Global Index Trackers, an international long-term savings, protection and investment group based in London, from October 2009 to August 2010 where he was responsible for coordinating ’40 Act operations and product development between the U.S. and South Africa for the SEC registered investment manager.

From October 2005 to March 2010, Mr. Tull was an independent consultant, partner and a Managing Director at MacroMarkets, LLC, which created MacroShares. While at MacroMarkets, LLC, the issuer of MacroShares, Mr. Tull was responsible for the development of MacroShares. MacroShares were NYSE-Arca listed ’33 Act equities tied to the performance of WTI oil and residential real estate benchmarked to the S&P Case-Shiller indices. Mr. Tull also worked for certain third party clients of MacroMarkets, LLC, including PNC Global Institutional Services (formerly PFPC), a global custodian bank, where he provided consulting service for PNCGIS to support their back office infrastructure permitting them to become an ETF custodian bank. The other MacroMarkets, LLC clients included Natixis, a European based bank, where Mr. Tull provided product structuring consulting for MacroShares based upon the US CPI. Mr. Tull has also served from January 2007 to August 2008 on the mutual fund board of SPA ETFs, which was a provider of exchange traded funds, and has been an advisor since September 2006 to the management of the Blackhawk Capital Group BDC, Inc., a public company in New York established as a business development corporation providing angel investing to new startup companies.

55
  

Mary Byra joined Factor in May 2010 and serves as Principal Financial Officer of the Managing Owner. Ms. Byra has been a principal of the Managing Owner since July 29, 2010. Prior to joining Factor, Ms. Byra worked for Ernst & Young LLP from December 1995 to March 2010, most recently as a Senior Manager. Ms. Byra was on leave from employment from March 2010 to April 2010. Ms. Byra received her B.S. in Accounting from Rutgers University in May 1991. Ms. Byra received her Certified Public Accountant designation in 2000.

Mark A. Esposito has been a Principal of Factor Capital Management, LLC, the Managing Owner, since June 15, 2012. Mr. Esposito has been a principal of Esposito Securities LLC since April 9, 2008. Mr. Esposito has served as President of Esposito Securities LLC, a registered introducing broker, since April 2008, and is responsible for all executive aspects of the company. Mr. Esposito founded Esposito Partners in December of 2006. Mr. Esposito has served as President of Esposito Partners, a registered investment adviser specializing in exchange traded funds and private client services, since December 2006, and is responsible for all executive aspects of the company. Mr. Esposito has served as an Institutional Salesman at WFG Investments, LLC, a registered broker dealer, from May 2006 until December 2006, and was responsible for institutional sales related activities. Mr. Esposito has served as an Institutional Salesman at Fulcrum Global Securities, a registered broker dealer, from May 2002 until May 2006, and was responsible for institutional sales related activities. Mr. Esposito has served as an Institutional Salesman at Southwest Securities, a registered broker dealer, from July 1998 until May 2002, and was responsible for institutional sales related activities. Mr. Esposito has served as an Institutional Salesman at Olde Discount Corporation, a registered broker dealer, from April 1994 until July 1998, and was responsible for institutional sales related activities. Mr. Esposito began his career as an Institutional Salesman at J.P. Morgan, a financial institution, from February 1993 until April 1994, and was responsible for institutional sales related activities. Mr. Esposito was out of the job marked during January 1993. Mr. Esposito received a degree in Business Administration in December 1992 from the University of Connecticut, as well as a minor in marketing.

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

No forms were filed during the year ended December 31, 2012.

Board Committees

The registrant does not have a Board of Directors, and thus does not have standing audit, compensation or nominating committees. Instead, the functions that might be delegated to such committees are carried out by the Board of Managers of the Managing Owner on behalf of the registrant.

Code of Ethics

The Fund has no officers or employees and is managed by Factor Capital Management, LLC.

Factor Capital Management, LLC has adopted a Code of Ethics (our “Code of Ethics”) that applies to our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller (or persons performing similar functions) and all other executive officers and employees. We will provide to any person without charge, upon request, a copy of our Code of Ethics by sending such request to Factor Capital Management, LLC, 25 Deforest Avenue, Summit, New Jersey 07901.

 

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

The Fund has no employees, officers or directors and is managed by Factor Capital Management, LLC. None of the directors or officers of Factor Capital Management, LLC receive compensation from the Fund. Factor Capital Management, LLC receives a Management Fee, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to 0.75% per annum of the daily net asset value of such Fund.

Interactive Brokers LLC, a Connecticut limited liability company, serves as the Fund’s Commodity Broker. The Commodity Broker is a member of Factor Advisors Holding, Co., LLC. Factor Advisors Holding, Co., LLC receives continuing revenue payments from GENCAP Ventures, LLC, parent of the Managing Owner of the Fund. In its capacity as clearing broker, the Commodity Broker executes and clears the Fund’s futures transactions and performs certain administrative services for the Fund.

The brokerage commission and fees amounted to $3,096 and $9,799 for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, all of which had been paid at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

An affiliate of the Fund, ETF Service Provider, LLC, provides tax and Principal Financial Officer support services to the Fund.

The fees for tax services charged by ETF Service Provider, LLC were $50,000 for the Year Ended December 31, 2012, all of which had been paid at December 31, 2012.

56
  

The fees for Principal Financial Officer support services charged by ETF Service Provider, LLC were $17,498 for the Year Ended December 31, 2012 all of which had been paid at December 31, 2012.

For the year ended December 31, 2012, the Fund incurred Management Fees of $10,969 of which $9,824 had been paid at December 31, 2012. Management Fees of $1,145 were unpaid at December 31, 2012 and are reported as a liability in the Statements of Financial Condition.

For the year ended December 31, 2011, the Fund has incurred Management Fees of $25,310 of which $23,902 had been paid at December 31, 2011. Management Fees of $1,408 were unpaid at December 31, 2011 and are reported as a liability in the Statements of Financial Condition.

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

The Fund has no officers or directors. The following table sets forth certain information regarding beneficial ownership of our Shares as of December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, by management.

 

             

Title of Class

  Name of Beneficial Owner       Amount and Nature of    
Beneficial Ownership
  Percent
of Class
       
Shares   Factor Capital Management, LLC   40   Less than 1%
       
Shares   Directors and Officers of Factor Capital Management, LLC as a group   0   0%

 

 

Persons known by us to own beneficially more than 5% of the Shares as of December 31, 2012

Title of Class

  Name of Beneficial Owner       Amount and Nature of    
Beneficial Ownership
  Percent
of Class
       
Shares   Timber Hill LLC   153,150   76.56%

 

Persons known by us to own beneficially more than 5% of the Shares as of December 31, 2011

Title of Class

  Name of Beneficial Owner       Amount and Nature of    
Beneficial Ownership
  Percent
of Class
             
Shares   Timber Hill LLC   54,289   54.27%
       
Shares   Robert Chase Wright   14,380   14.37%
       
Shares   Jane Street Capital   10,149   10.14%
             

The Fund has no securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

See Items 11 and 12.

As an unincorporated entity, the registrant does not have a Board of Directors.

 

57
  

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

Audit and Non-Audit Fees

 

The Board of Managers of Factor Capital Management, LLC, the Managing Owner, dismissed Ernst & Young, LLP as the independent registered public accounting firm for the Fund effective November 7, 2012. The Board of Managers of the Managing Owner also approved the engagement of WithumSmith+Brown, PC as the independent registered public accounting firm for the Fund effective November 7, 2012.

 

The following table sets forth the fees for professional services rendered by WithumSmith+Brown, PC and Ernst & Young LLP, the Fund’s independent registered public accounting firms for the Year Ended December 31, 2012.

 

    Year Ended December 31, 2012
      WithumSmith+Brown, PC   Ernst & Young LLP
  Audit Fees $ 45,000 $ 20,800
  Audit-Related Fees $   $   
  Tax Fees $   $  
  All Other Fees $   $  
  Total $ 45,000 $ 20,800

 

The following table sets forth the fees for professional services rendered by Ernst & Young LLP, the Fund’s independent registered public accounting firm for the Year Ended December 31, 2011.

 

    Year Ended December 31, 2011
      Ernst & Young LLP
  Audit Fees $ 94,995
  Audit-Related Fees $ -
  Tax Fees $ 35,750
  All Other Fees $ -
  Total $ 130,745

 

 

Approval of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm Services and Fees

 

The Managing Owner approved all of the services to the Fund provided by WithumSmith+Brown, PC and Ernst & Young LLP described above. The Managing Owner pre-approves all audit and allowed non-audit services of the Fund’s independent registered public accounting firm, including all engagement fees and terms.

 

PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

(a)(1) Financial Statements

See financial statements commencing on page 34 hereof.

(a)(2) Financial Statement Schedules

No financial statement schedules are filed herewith because (i) such schedules are not required or (ii) the information required has been presented in the aforementioned financial statements.

58
  

 (a)(3) Exhibits

The following documents (unless otherwise indicated) are filed herewith and made a part of this Annual Report:

 

     

EXHIBIT NO.

 

DESCRIPTION

   
    4.1   Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust and Trust Agreement of the Registrant 1
   
    4.2   Form of Participant Agreement 1
   
  10.1   Brokerage Agreement 1
     
  10.2   Administration Agreement 1
   
  10.3   Custodian Agreement 1
   
  10.4   Transfer Agency and Service Agreement 1
   
  10.5   Distribution Services Agreement 1
   
  31.1   Certification required under Exchange Act Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 (filed herewith)
   
  31.2   Certification required under Exchange Act Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 (filed herewith)
   
  32.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (furnished herewith)
   
  32.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (furnished herewith)
   
101      Interactive data file pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T: (i) the Statements of Financial Condition — December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (ii) the Schedules of Investments— December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (iii) the Statements of Income and Expenses— Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (iv) the Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity— Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (v) the Statements of Cash Flows— Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (vi) Notes to Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text.
 
1 Previously filed as an exhibit to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 4 to Form S-1, SEC Registration Number 333-164756, on January 20, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

59
  

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

                 
        FACTORSHARES 2X: OIL BULL/S&P500 BEAR
       
        By:  

Factor Capital Management, LLC,

its Managing Owner

         
            By:  

/S/    SAMUEL MASUCCI, III        

            Name:   Samuel Masucci, III
            Title:   Principal Executive Officer
         
            By:  

/S/    Mary Byra        

            Name:   Mary Byra
            Title:   Principal Financial Officer

 

Dated: March 26, 2013

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following person on behalf of the Managing Owner of the registrant and in the capacities and on the date indicated.

 

                 
       
        By:  

Factor Capital Management, LLC,

Managing Owner of the Registrant

         
         
Dated: March 26, 2013           By:  

/S/    SAMUEL MASUCCI, III       

            Name:   Samuel Masucci, III
            Title:   Chairman and Principal Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

60
  

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

     

Exhibit

Number

 

Description of Document

 

Page
Number

 
     
31.1 Certification required under Exchange Act Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 (filed herewith)

E-2

 

     
31.2 Certification required under Exchange Act Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 (filed herewith)

E-3

 

     
32.1 Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (furnished herewith)

E-4

 

 

     
32.2 Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (furnished herewith)

E-5

 

 

101 Interactive data file pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T: (i) the Statements of Financial Condition —December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (ii) the Schedules of Investments— December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (iii) the Statements of Income and Expenses— Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (iv) the Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity— Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (v) the Statements of Cash Flows— Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, (vi) Notes to Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text.  

 

E-1