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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________________________ 
FORM 10-K
__________________________________________
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 001-34652
__________________________________________
SENSATA TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING PLC
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________________________________
England and Wales
 
98-1386780
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
529 Pleasant Street, Attleboro, Massachusetts, 02703, United States
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code))
+1 (508) 236 3800
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
__________________________________________ 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of exchange on which registered
Ordinary Shares - nominal value €0.01 per share
ST
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
__________________________________________
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x
Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
x
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
 
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  x
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s ordinary shares held by non-affiliates at June 30, 2019 was approximately $7.9 billion based on the New York Stock Exchange closing price for such shares on that date.
As of January 31, 2020, 157,828,172 ordinary shares were outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Part III of this Report incorporates information from certain portions of the registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days of the registrant's fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.
 


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Cautionary Statements Concerning Forward-Looking Statements
This Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Report"), including any documents incorporated by reference herein, includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements relate to analyses and other information that are based on forecasts of future results and estimates of amounts not yet determinable. These forward-looking statements also relate to our future prospects, developments, and business strategies. These forward-looking statements may be identified by terminology such as "may," "will," "could," "should," "expect," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "predict," "project," "forecast," "continue," "intend," "plan," and similar terms or phrases, or the negative of such terminology, including references to assumptions. However, these terms are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements.
Forward-looking statements contained herein, or in other statements made by us, are made based on management’s expectations and beliefs concerning future events impacting us. These statements are subject to uncertainties and other important factors relating to our operations and business environment, all of which are difficult to predict, and many of which are beyond our control, that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those matters expressed or implied by forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our plans, intentions, and expectations reflected in, or suggested by, such forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give no assurances that any of the events anticipated by these forward-looking statements will occur or, if any of them do, what impact they will have on our results of operations and financial condition.
We believe that the following important factors, among others (including those described in Item 1A, "Risk Factors," included elsewhere in this Report), could affect our future performance and the liquidity and value of our securities and cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf:
instability and changes in the global markets, including regulatory, political, economic, governmental, and military matters, such as the recent exit of the United Kingdom (the "U.K.") from the European Union (the "EU");
adverse conditions or competition in the industries upon which we are dependent, including the automotive industry;
competitive pressure from customers that could require us to reduce prices or result in reduced demand;
losses and costs as a result of intellectual property, product liability, warranty, and recall claims;
market acceptance of new product introductions and product innovations;
supplier interruption or non-performance, limiting our access to manufactured components or raw materials;
risks related to the acquisition or disposition of businesses, or the restructuring of our business;
business disruptions due to natural disasters or other disasters outside our control, such as the recent coronavirus outbreak;
labor disruptions or increased labor costs;
inability to realize all of the revenue or achieve anticipated gross margins from products subject to existing purchase orders for which we are currently engaged in development;
security breaches, cyber theft of our intellectual property, and other disruptions to our information technology infrastructure, or improper disclosure of confidential, personal, or proprietary data;
foreign currency risks, changes in socio-economic conditions, or changes to monetary and fiscal policies;
our level of indebtedness, or our inability to meet debt service obligations or comply with the covenants contained in the credit agreement and senior notes indentures;
changes to current policies, such as trade tariffs, by the United States (the "U.S.") government;
risks related to the potential for goodwill impairment;
the impact of challenges by taxing authorities of our historical and future tax positions or our allocation of taxable income among our subsidiaries, and challenges to the sovereign taxation regimes of EU member states by the European Commission and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development;
changes to, or inability to comply with, various regulations, including tax laws, import/export regulations, anti-bribery laws, environmental, health, and safety laws, and other governmental regulations; and
risks related to our domicile in the U.K.
All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf speak only as of the date of this Report and are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained in this Report. We undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances that arise after the date made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. We urge readers to review carefully the risk factors described in this Report and in the other documents that we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. You can read these documents at www.sec.gov or on our website at www.sensata.com.

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PART I
 
ITEM 1.
BUSINESS
The Company
The reporting company is Sensata Technologies Holding plc ("Sensata plc"), a public limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, collectively referred to as the "Company," "Sensata," "we," "our," and "us."
We are a global industrial technology company that develops, manufactures, and sells sensors, sensor-based solutions, controls, and other products used in mission-critical systems and applications that create valuable business insights for our customers and end users. For more than 100 years, we have been providing a wide range of customized, sensor-rich solutions that address increasingly complex engineering and operating performance requirements to help our customers solve their most difficult challenges in the automotive, heavy vehicle and off-road ("HVOR"), industrial, and aerospace industries.
Our sensors are devices that translate a physical parameter, such as pressure, temperature, or position, into electronic signals that our customers’ products and solutions can act upon. These actionable insights lead to products that are safer, cleaner and more efficient, more electrified, and increasingly more connected. Our sensor-based solutions can be comprised of various sensors, controllers, receivers, and software, which provide comprehensive solutions to critical problems. Our controls are devices embedded within systems to protect them from excessive heat or current. Our sensors, sensor-based solutions, and controls are included in mission-critical solutions that play a key role in the four key megatrends that are shaping our markets:
Clean & Efficient - our customers are facing ever increasing mandates to make their products cleaner and more efficient due to regulation and consumer demand. Our sensors are being used in mission-critical systems and applications including those that help: industrial customers to make more efficient pumps and boilers; automotive customers to meet the standards of emissions and pollution control legislation; and fleet managers to increase the fuel efficiency of heavy duty trucks.
Electrification - electrification provides a significant opportunity for us to expand the use of our sensors and electrical protection solutions within the automotive, industrial, and HVOR industries. For example, in the automotive industry as customers seek to extend the range of the battery and improve the efficiency of electric vehicles they are incorporating electrical subsystems, which require additional sensors to monitor, control, and optimize what is happening within the vehicle. Further, higher voltage battery systems are also driving increased needs for electrical protection. Sensors are also used in thermal management applications to help maintain batteries at optimal temperatures as well as electric motors and heat pumps.
Smart & Connected - we are developing smart, connected sensors that enable actionable insights for commercial vehicle operators. For example, our wireless sensors can collect information through a vehicle-area network and allow fleet managers to proactively monitor the health of their vehicles and conduct proactive maintenance, such as being able to identify when a tire is at high risk of bursting. Our leadership position in wireless sensing allows us to access new data sources that have historically been costly and difficult to gather using traditional wire harnesses.
Autonomy - we are developing sensors to enable light passenger cars, off-road vehicles, and material handling equipment to operate more autonomously. For example, we have recently launched a steer-by-wire application to enable worksite automation in the construction and agriculture industries. Within automotive, we are also developing a portfolio of sensors to actively monitor the health of a vehicle when it is not being operated by an active driver.
Each of these trends is expected to significantly transform our industries and many of our customers businesses. These megatrends are also creating greater secular demand for our products, resulting in content growth that enables us to outgrow end-market volume production in many of the markets we serve, a defining characteristic of our company.
Content growth is a term that we use to describe the impact of an increasing quantity and value of our products used in customer systems and applications, and to a large extent independent of normal demand fluctuations in the markets we serve. Content growth of our sensor products results from technological advancements and enhancements in a customer’s system or application, where our sensor is an integral component, to help comply with evolving and tightening regulations, meet changing performance standards, and enable new and emerging technologies that together, or in part, provide cleaner, more efficient, safer, and more comfortable functionality.

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We have long-standing relationships with a geographically diverse base of leading original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") and other multinational companies. In geographic and product markets where we lack an established base of customers, we rely on third-party distributors to sell our products. Only a small portion of our revenues are sold through distributors. We have had relationships with our top ten customers for an average of 30 years. Our largest customer accounted for approximately 7% of our net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2019.
We operate in, and report financial information for, the following two segments: Performance Sensing and Sensing Solutions.
Performance Sensing
Performance Sensing, which accounted for approximately 74% of our net revenue in fiscal year 2019, primarily serves the automotive and HVOR industries through development and manufacture of sensors, high-voltage contactors, and other products used in mission-critical systems and applications such as those in subsystems of automobiles, on-road trucks, and off-road equipment (e.g., tire pressure monitoring, thermal management, air conditioning, and regenerative braking). Our products are used in subsystems that, among other things, improve operating performance and efficiency as well as address environmental or safety concerns.
Our customers include leading global automotive, on-road truck, construction, and agriculture OEMs, the companies that supply parts directly to OEMs, which are known as Tier 1 suppliers, and various aftermarket distributors. We believe large OEMs and other multinational companies are increasingly demanding a global presence to supply sensors and sensor-based solutions for their key global platforms. We believe that we are one of the largest suppliers of sensors and sensor-based solutions in the majority of the key markets in which we compete.
The global sensor market is characterized by a broad range of products and applications across a diverse set of market segments. According to an October 2019 report prepared by Strategy Analytics, Inc., the global automotive sensor market was $24.1 billion in 2019, compared to $23.9 billion in 2018.
Automotive and HVOR sensors support a wide variety of systems and applications, and many are critical components that are essential to the proper functioning of the products in which they are incorporated. Sensor application-specific products require close engineering collaboration between the sensor supplier and the OEM or their Tier 1 suppliers. As a result, OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers make significant investments in selecting, integrating, and testing sensors as part of their product development. Switching to a different sensor results in considerable additional work, both in terms of sensor customization and platform/product retesting and certification. This results in high switching costs for automotive and HVOR manufacturers once a sensor is designed in to a particular product or platform. We believe this is one of the reasons that sensors are rarely changed during a platform life-cycle, which in the case of the automotive industry typically lasts five to seven years. Given the importance of reliability and the fact that the sensors must be supported through the length of a product life, our experience has been that OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers tend to work with suppliers that have a long track record of quality and on-time delivery and the scale and resources to meet their needs as the automobile platform evolves and grows. In addition, the automotive industry provides one of the largest markets for sensors, giving participants with a presence in this market significant scale advantages over those participating only in smaller, more niche industrial and medical markets.
Net revenue growth from the automotive and HVOR sensor markets served by Performance Sensing has historically been driven, we believe, by three principal trends, including (1) growth in the number of vehicles produced globally, (2) expansion in the number and type of sensors per vehicle, and (3) efforts toward commercializing higher value sensors. However, we believe that the automotive and HVOR sensor markets are and will continue to be substantially impacted by current megatrends, primarily Clean & Efficient and Electrification in the near-term. We are investing in existing and new technologies intended to respond to these megatrends and which we believe will drive future revenue growth. In addition, our presence in emerging markets positions us to take advantage of future growth opportunities in these regions.
Light vehicle production: From the recession in 2008 and 2009 until recently, global production of light vehicles had consistently demonstrated annual growth. However, according to the fourth quarter 2019 LMC Automotive "Global Car & Truck Forecast," the production of global light vehicles in fiscal year 2019 decreased from the prior year by 5.0% to approximately 89.4 million units. Despite this decline, we expect global production of light vehicles to increase over the long term due to population growth and increased usage of cars in emerging markets.
Number of sensors per vehicle: We believe that sensor usage and content growth will continue to be driven by increasing installation in vehicles of emissions, efficiency, safety, and comfort-related control systems that depend on sensors for proper functioning, such as electronic stability control, tire pressure monitoring, advanced driver assistance, transmission, and advanced combustion and exhaust after-treatment, as well as user interfaces in HVOR applications. For example, government

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regulation of emissions, including fuel economy standards such as the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Corporate Average Fuel Economy requirements in the United States (the "U.S.") and emissions requirements such as "Euro 6d" in Europe, "China National 6" in China, and "Bharat Stage VI" in India drive cleaner, more efficient systems.
Other applications that are driving increased sensor content in vehicles include braking systems and electrification systems. Braking systems are gradually transitioning from traditional hydraulic brakes towards electromechanical braking and regenerative braking systems, thus driving more content in pressure and force sensing. Furthermore, electrified vehicles are driving more sophisticated thermal management systems to control heating and cooling throughout the vehicle, and more content in battery management systems to optimize drive range and safety in electrical protection as battery voltages increase. Our fiscal year 2018 acquisition of GIGAVAC supports growth in this electrical protection domain with its contactor and fuse technologies.
Higher value sensors: We believe that our revenue growth has been augmented by a continuing shift away from legacy electromechanical sensors to more sensor-based solutions that include controllers, receivers, and software, and will continue to grow as our sensors and controllers get "smarter" with more embedded algorithms.
New Technology: Automobiles and heavy vehicles continue to evolve with new alternative technologies being developed to make these vehicles more efficient, robust, cost effective, and safe. We believe that this trend has the potential to drive growth in our business for the foreseeable future, particularly in the areas of Electrification, Smart & Connected, and Autonomy. Moreover, we believe our broad customer base, global diversification, and evolving portfolio provide the foundation that will allow us to grow with these megatrends across a diverse set of markets.
For example, we expect this growth to include content growth in both hybrid and electric vehicles. Hybrid vehicles require systems and sensors to drive high efficiency across the powertrain, managing better diagnostics, more efficient combustion, and reduced emissions. Also, sensor content on vehicle climate control and thermal management systems, where our market share is high, is increasing. This is driven by the need for high efficiency control of thermal management in hybrid heating and cooling systems. Additionally, as long-range plug-in hybrid and full battery electric vehicles gain market share, multiple instances of efficient thermal management across the battery, electronics, and cabin systems are required to protect and manage the vehicle, which drives additional core Sensata sensor and sensor-based solution content available in the market today. Other new emerging opportunities to improve battery life could also provide the potential for additional content per vehicle.
Other safety and efficiency systems are also evolving on hybrid and electric vehicles. New and emerging energy recuperation technologies, such as regenerative motors, require additional sensing content to manage and efficiently switch between traditional braking systems and regenerative braking. Additionally, semi-automated vehicles containing advanced driver assistance systems benefit from more efficient and faster electromechanical braking systems, driving additional sensor content to control these brakes. Each of these systems enable more efficient use of energy, enabling greater electric vehicle range.
New content in high voltage electrical protection and sensor-based solutions from our fiscal year 2018 acquisition of GIGAVAC, LLC addresses many of the needs in evolving electric vehicle powertrain systems with higher voltage systems that must be properly controlled and protected as vehicle voltages and electrical currents increase. This protection safeguards the expensive electronics used to power the vehicle and allowing for an increase in power levels to improve charging times.
Emerging Markets: We have a long-standing position in emerging markets, including a presence in China for more than 20 years. With our presence in China, we believe that our automotive and HVOR businesses are well positioned to grow. With sustained vehicle modernization and tightening regulations in China, we expect our content per vehicle in China will continue to increase, moving towards the levels we see in developed markets.

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Product Categories
The following table presents the key products, solutions, applications, systems, and end markets related to the sensor product category:
Key Products/Solutions
 
Key Applications/Systems
 
Key End Markets
Pressure sensors
Microfused strain gage
Ceramic capacitive
Micro-electromechanical
Speed and position sensors
Magnetic speed and position sensors
Mechanical/electrical control systems
High temperature sensors
 
Thermal management and air conditioning systems
Transmission
Engine oil
Suspension
Fuel delivery
Braking
Tire pressure monitoring
Exhaust after-treatment
 
Automotive
HVOR
The table below sets forth the amount of net revenue generated by our sensor product category in Performance Sensing, reconciled to total segment net revenue, for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017:
 
For the year ended December 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
2017
Net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
Sensors
$
2,489,644

 
$
2,532,631

 
$
2,341,017

Other
56,372

 
95,020

 
119,583

Performance Sensing net revenue
$
2,546,016

 
$
2,627,651

 
$
2,460,600

Competitors
Within each of the principal product categories in Performance Sensing, we compete with a variety of independent suppliers. We believe that the key competitive factors in the markets served by this segment are product performance in mission-critical operating environments, quality, reliability, and commercial competitiveness. We believe that our ability to design and produce customized solutions globally, breadth and scale of product offerings, technical expertise and development capability, product service and responsiveness, and a commercially competitive offering, make us well positioned to succeed in these markets.
Sensing Solutions
Sensing Solutions, which accounted for approximately 26% of our net revenue in fiscal year 2019, primarily serves the industrial and aerospace industries through development and manufacture of a broad portfolio of application-specific sensor and control products used in the aerospace market and a diverse range of industrial markets, including the small appliance, heating, ventilation and air conditioning ("HVAC"), semiconductor, material handling, factory automation, and water management markets. Some of the products the segment sells include pressure, temperature, and position sensors, motor and compressor protectors, solid state relays, bimetal electromechanical controls, thermal and magnetic-hydraulic circuit breakers, power inverters, and charge controllers. We believe that we are one of the largest suppliers of controls in the majority of the key applications and systems in which we compete.
Our customers include a wide range of industrial and commercial manufacturers and suppliers across multiple end markets, primarily OEMs in the climate control, appliance, semiconductor, medical, energy and infrastructure, data/telecom, material handling, factory automation, and aerospace industries, as well as Tier 1 aerospace and motor and compressor suppliers.
Our products perform many functions including prevention of damage from excess heat or electrical current, optimization of system performance, low-power circuit control, and power conversion from direct current ("DC") power to alternating current ("AC") power. Demand for our products is driven by many of the same factors as in the automotive and HVOR sensor markets: regulation of emissions, greater energy efficiency, and safety, as well as consumer demand for new features.
We continue to focus our efforts on expanding our presence in all global geographies, both emerging and developed and serving our global customers in a highly efficient and cost-effective manner. Our customers include established multinationals as well as local producers in emerging markets such as China, India, Eastern Europe, and Turkey. China continues to remain a priority for us because of its export focus and the increasing domestic consumption of products that use our devices.

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Product Categories
The following table presents the significant product categories offered by Sensing Solutions and the corresponding key products, solutions, applications, systems, and end markets:
Key Products/Solutions
 
Key Applications/Systems
 
Key End Markets
Product category: Controls
Bimetal electromechanical controls
Motor protectors
Motor starters
Thermostats
Switches

Circuit breakers
Thermal circuit breakers
Magnetic-hydraulic circuit breakers
 
HVAC/Refrigeration
Industrial equipment
Small/large appliances
Lighting
DC motors
Commercial and military aircraft
Marine/industrial
Data and telecom equipment
Medical equipment
Recreational vehicles
 
Aerospace and defense
Industrial
HVAC/Refrigeration
Automotive
Marine
Medical
Energy/solar
Product category: Sensors
Linear and rotary position sensors
Linear variable differential transformers
Pressure sensors
Temperature sensors
Aircraft controls
 
HVAC/Refrigeration
Air compressors
Hydraulic machinery
Motion control systems
Pumps and storage tanks
Commercial and military aircraft
 
Aerospace and defense
Industrial equipment
HVAC/Refrigeration
Motors
Marine
Energy
The table below sets forth the amount of net revenue generated by our sensors and controls product categories in Sensing Solutions, reconciled to total segment net revenue, for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017:
 
For the year ended December 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
2017
Net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
Controls
$
481,720

 
$
508,745

 
$
497,853

Sensors
223,282

 
222,649

 
201,846

Other
199,613

 
162,582

 
146,434

Sensing Solutions net revenue
$
904,615

 
$
893,976

 
$
846,133

Competitors
Within each of the principal product categories in Sensing Solutions, we compete with divisions of large multinational industrial corporations and companies with smaller market share that compete primarily in specific markets, applications, systems, or products. We believe that the key competitive factors in these markets are product performance, quality, and reliability.
Technology and Intellectual Property
We develop products that address increasingly complex engineering and operating performance requirements. We believe that continued focused investment in research and development ("R&D") is critical to our future growth and maintaining our leadership positions in the markets we serve. Our R&D efforts are directly related to timely development of new and enhanced products that are central to our business strategy. We continuously develop our technologies to meet an evolving set of customer requirements and new product introductions. We conduct such activities in areas that we believe will increase our long-term revenue growth. Our development expense is typically associated with engineering core technology platforms to specific applications and engineering major upgrades that improve the functionality or reduce the cost of existing products. In addition, we constantly consider new technologies where we may have expertise for potential investment or acquisition.
An increasing portion of our R&D activities are being directed towards technologies and megatrends that we believe have the potential for significant future growth, but relate to products that are not currently within our core business. Expenses related to these activities are less likely to result in increased revenue that our more mainstream development activities.
We are exposed to many development opportunities at an early stage for several reasons: (1) we are the incumbent in many systems for our key customers; (2) we have strong design and service capability; and (3) our global engineering teams are located in close proximity to key customers in regional business centers. We work closely with our customers to deliver solutions that meet their needs. As a result of the long development lead times and embedded nature of our products, we

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collaborate closely with our customers throughout the design and development phase of their products. Systems development by our customers typically requires significant multi-year investment for certification and qualification, which are often government or customer mandated. We believe the capital commitment and time required for this process significantly increases the switching costs once a customer has designed and installed a particular sensor into a system.
We rely primarily on patents, trade secrets, manufacturing know-how, confidentiality procedures, and licensing arrangements to maintain and protect our intellectual property rights. While we consider our patents to be valuable assets, we do not believe that our overall competitive position is dependent on patent protection or that our overall business is dependent upon any single patent or group of related patents. Many of our patents protect specific functionality in our products, and others consist of processes or techniques that result in reduced manufacturing costs.
The following table presents information on our patents and patent applications as of December 31, 2019:
 
U.S.
 
Non-U.S.
Patents
296

 
383

Pending patent applications, filed within the last five years
64

 
234

Our patents have expiration dates ranging from 2020 to 2042. We also own a portfolio of trademarks and license various patents and trademarks. "Sensata" and our logo are trademarks.
We use licensing arrangements with respect to certain technology provided in our sensor and control products. In 2006, we entered into a perpetual, royalty-free cross-license agreement with our former owner, Texas Instruments Incorporated, which permits each party to use specified technology owned by the other party in its business. No license may be terminated under the agreement, even in the event of a material breach.
Raw Materials
We use a broad range of manufactured components, subassemblies, and raw materials in the manufacture of our products in both our Performance Sensing and Sensing Solutions segments, including those containing certain commodities, resins, and rare earth metals, which may experience significant volatility in their price and availability.
The price and availability of raw materials and manufactured components may be subject to change due to, among other things, new laws or regulations, including the impact of tariffs, trade barriers, and disputes, and global economic or political events including strikes, suppliers' allocations to other purchasers, interruptions in production by suppliers, changes in foreign currency exchange rates, and prevailing price levels. It is generally difficult to pass increased prices for manufactured components and raw materials through to our customers in the form of price increases. Therefore, a significant increase in the price or a decrease in the availability of these items could materially increase our operating costs and materially and adversely affect our business and results of operations.
Seasonality
Because of the diverse global nature of the markets in which we operate, our net revenue is only moderately impacted by seasonality. However, Sensing Solutions experiences some seasonality, specifically in its air conditioning and refrigeration products, which tend to peak in the first two quarters of the year as inventory is built up for spring and summer sales. In addition, Performance Sensing net revenue tends to be weaker in the third quarter of the year as automotive OEMs retool production lines for the coming model year.
Employees
As of December 31, 2019, we had approximately 21,050 employees, of whom approximately 8% were located in the U.S. As of December 31, 2019, approximately 115 of our employees were covered by collective bargaining agreements. In addition, in various countries, local law requires our participation in works councils. We also engage contract workers in multiple locations, primarily to cost-effectively manage variations in manufacturing volume, but also to perform engineering and other general services. As of December 31, 2019, we had approximately 2,000 contract workers on a worldwide basis. We believe that our relations with our employees are good. However, as discussed in Item 1A, "Risk Factors," included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Report"), the loss of key employees or material work stoppages at our or our customers' manufacturing sites could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

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Environmental Regulations
Our operations and facilities are subject to numerous environmental, health, and safety laws and regulations, both domestic and foreign, including those governing air emissions, chemical usage, water discharges, the management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes, and the cleanup of contaminated sites. We are, however, not aware of any threatened or pending material environmental investigations, lawsuits, or claims involving us or our operations.
Many of our products are governed by material content restrictions and reporting requirements, examples of which include: European Union regulations, such as Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals ("REACH"), Restriction of Hazardous Substances ("RoHS"), and End of Life Vehicle ("ELV"); U.S. regulations, such as the conflict minerals requirements of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; and similar regulations in other countries. Further, numerous customers, across all end markets, are requiring us to provide declarations of compliance or, in some cases, extra material content documentation as a requirement of doing business with them.
Compliance with these laws and meeting customer requirements has increased our cost of doing business in a variety of ways and may continue to do so in the future. We do not currently expect any material capital expenditures during fiscal year 2020 for environmental control facilities. We also do not believe that existing or pending climate change legislation, regulation, or international treaties or accords are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect in the foreseeable future on our business or the markets we serve, nor on our results of operations, capital expenditures, earnings, competitive position, or financial standing.
Governmental Regulations
We are subject to compliance with laws and regulations controlling the import and export of goods and services. Certain of our products are subject to International Traffic in Arms Regulation ("ITAR"). The export of many such ITAR-controlled products requires an individual validated license from the U.S. State Department’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. The State Department makes licensing decisions based on type of product, destination of end use, end user, national security, and foreign policy. We have a trade compliance team and other systems in place to apply for licenses and otherwise comply with import and export regulations. Any failure to maintain compliance with domestic and foreign trade regulations could limit our ability to import or export raw material and finished goods across various jurisdictions. These laws and regulations are subject to change, and any such change may require us to change technology or incur expenditures to comply with such laws and regulations.
Cross-border Merger
Sensata plc is the surviving entity in a cross-border merger completed on March 28, 2018 (the "Merger") with Sensata Technologies Holding N.V. The Merger changed our location of incorporation from the Netherlands to England and Wales. No changes were made to the business being conducted by us prior to the Merger.
Available Information
We make available free of charge on our Internet website (www.sensata.com) our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). Our website and the information contained or incorporated therein are not intended to be incorporated into this Report.
The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy, and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov. The contents on, or accessible through, this website or our website are not incorporated into this filing. Further, our references to the URLs for the SEC's website and our website are intended to be inactive textual references only.

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ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS
Business and Operational Risks
Our business is subject to numerous global risks, including regulatory, political, economic, governmental, and military concerns and instability.
Our business, including our employees, customers, and suppliers, are located throughout the world. As a result, we are exposed to numerous global, regional, and local risks that could decrease revenue and/or increase expenses, and therefore decrease our profitability, including, without limitation:
trade regulations, including customs, import, and export matters;
tariffs, trade barriers, and disputes, including recent disputes between the United States (the "U.S.") and China;
local employment costs, regulations, and conditions;
difficulties with, and costs for, protecting our intellectual property;
challenges in collecting accounts receivable;
tax laws and regulatory changes, including examinations by taxing authorities, variations in tax laws from country to country, changes to the terms of income tax treaties, and difficulties in the tax-efficient repatriation of earnings generated or held in a number of jurisdictions;
natural disasters;
instability in economic or political conditions, inflation, recession, actual or anticipated military or political conflicts, and potential impact due to the upcoming exit of the United Kingdom (the "U.K.") from the European Union (the "EU"); and
impact of each of the foregoing on our business operations, manufacturing, and supply chain.
The U.K.'s withdrawal from the EU ("Brexit") was completed on January 31, 2020, opening a standstill transition period that is currently set to last until December 31, 2020. During this transition period, the U.K.'s trading relationship with the EU will remain unchanged, allowing time to agree and implement a new future trading relationship. An extension of the transition period of up to two years is possible, but the current political environment in the U.K. suggests that an extension is not likely to be negotiated. In addition to uncertainty regarding the timing of the transition, there is substantial uncertainty about the final agreements that will be reached by the U.K. and the EU during the transition period on topics such as financial laws and regulations, tax and free trade agreements, immigration laws, and employment laws. We are incorporated in the U.K., and we have significant operations and a substantial workforce therein and therefore enjoy certain benefits based on the U.K.’s membership in the EU. The lack of clarity about the future trading agreements between the U.K. and the EU creates uncertainty for us, as the outcome of these negotiations may affect our business and operations. Additionally, there is a risk that other countries may decide to leave the EU. The uncertainty surrounding Brexit not only potentially affects our business in the U.K. and the EU, but may have a material adverse effect on global economic conditions and the stability of global financial markets, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
In addition, we have sizable operations in China, including two principal manufacturing sites. Approximately 17% of our net revenue in fiscal year 2019 was generated in China. Economic and political conditions in China have been and may continue to be volatile and uncertain, especially as the U.S. and China continue to discuss and have differences in trade policies. As discussed in Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Report"), increased tariff costs have increased our cost of revenue as a percentage of net revenue in fiscal year 2019. In addition, the legal and regulatory system in China is still developing and is subject to change. Our operations and transactions with customers in China could continue to be adversely affected by increased tariffs, and could be otherwise adversely affected by other changes to market conditions, changes to the regulatory environment, or interpretation of Chinese law.
Adverse conditions in the industries upon which we are dependent, including the automotive industry, have had, and may in the future have, adverse effects on our business.
We are dependent on market dynamics to sell our products, and our operating results could be adversely affected by cyclical and reduced demand in these markets. Periodic downturns in our customers’ industries could significantly reduce

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demand for certain of our products, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.
Much of our business depends on, and is directly affected by, the global automobile industry. Sales in our automotive end markets accounted for approximately 59% of our total net revenue in fiscal year 2019. As discussed in Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," included elsewhere in this Report, demand in the automotive end market we serve has declined 5.6% from the prior year. We are partially offsetting this market decline with content growth, but there can be no assurance that this will continue.
Continued declines in demand such as discussed above, and other adverse developments like those we have seen in past years in the automotive industry, including but not limited to customer bankruptcies and increased demands on us for lower prices, could have adverse effects on our results of operations and could impact our liquidity and our ability to meet restrictive debt covenants. In addition, these same conditions could adversely impact certain of our vendors’ financial solvency, resulting in potential liabilities or additional costs to us to ensure uninterrupted supply to our customers.
Continued pricing and other pressures from our customers may adversely affect our business.
Many of our customers, including automotive manufacturers and other industrial and commercial original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs"), demand annual price reductions. If we are not able to offset continued price reductions through improved operating efficiencies and reduced expenditures, these price reductions may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows. In addition, our customers occasionally require engineering, design, or production changes. In some circumstances, we may be unable to cover the costs of these changes with price increases. Further, as our customers grow larger, they may increasingly require us to provide them with our products on an exclusive basis, which could limit sales, cause an increase in the number of products we must carry and, consequently, increase our inventory levels and working capital requirements. Certain of our customers, particularly in the automotive industry, are increasingly requiring their suppliers to agree to their standard purchasing terms without deviation as a condition to engage in future business transactions, many of which are increasing warranty requirements. As a result, we may find it difficult to enter into agreements with such customers on terms that are commercially reasonable to us.
We may incur material losses and costs as a result of product liability, warranty, and recall claims that may be brought against us.
We have been, and will continue to be, exposed to product liability and warranty claims in the event that our products actually or allegedly fail to perform as expected, or the use of our products results, or is alleged to result, in death, bodily injury, and/or property damage. Accordingly, we could experience material warranty or product liability losses in the future and incur significant costs to defend these claims. In addition, if any of our products are, or are alleged to be, defective, we may be required to participate in a recall of the underlying end product, particularly if the defect or the alleged defect relates to product safety. Depending on the terms under which we supply products, an OEM may hold us responsible for some or all of the repair or replacement costs of these products under warranty when the product supplied did not perform as represented. In addition, a product recall could generate substantial negative publicity about our business and interfere with our manufacturing plans and product delivery obligations as we seek to repair affected products. Our costs associated with product liability, warranty, and recall claims could be material.
We are dependent on market acceptance of our new product introductions and product innovations for future revenue.
Substantially all markets in which we operate are impacted by technological change or change in consumer tastes and preferences, which are rapid in certain markets. Our operating results depend substantially upon our ability to continually design, develop, introduce, and sell new and innovative products; to modify existing products; and to customize products to meet customer requirements driven by such change. There are numerous risks inherent in these processes, including the risk that we will be unable to anticipate the direction of technological change or that we will be unable to develop and market profitable new products and applications before our competitors or in time to satisfy customer demands.
Increasing costs for, or limitations on the supply of or access to, manufactured components and raw materials may adversely affect our business and results of operations.
We use a broad range of manufactured components, subassemblies, and raw materials in the manufacture of our products, including those containing certain commodities, resins, and rare earth metals, which may experience significant volatility in their price and availability. We have entered into hedge arrangements for certain metals used in our products in an attempt to minimize commodity pricing volatility and may continue to do so from time to time in the future. Such hedges might not be economically successful. In addition, these hedges do not qualify as accounting hedges in accordance with U.S. generally

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accepted accounting principles. Accordingly, the change in fair value of these hedges is recognized in earnings immediately, which could cause volatility in our results of operations from quarter to quarter. Refer to Note 19, "Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities," of our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto (our "Financial Statements") included elsewhere in this Report for additional information related to accounting for hedges of commodity prices, and Item 7A, "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk," included elsewhere in this Report, for an analysis of the sensitivity on pretax earnings of changes in the forward prices on these hedges.
The price and availability of raw materials and manufactured components may be subject to change due to, among other things, new laws or regulations, including the impact of tariffs, trade barriers, and disputes, and global economic or political events including government actions, labor strikes, suppliers' allocations to other purchasers, interruptions in production by suppliers, changes in foreign currency exchange rates, and prevailing price levels. It is generally difficult to pass increased prices for manufactured components and raw materials through to our customers in the form of price increases. Therefore, a significant increase in the price or a decrease in the availability of these items could materially increase our operating costs and materially and adversely affect our business and results of operations.
In connection with the implementation of our corporate strategies, we face risks associated with the acquisition or disposition of businesses, the entry into new lines of business, the integration of acquired businesses, and the growth and development of these businesses.
In pursuing our corporate strategy, we often acquire other businesses or dispose of or exit businesses we currently own. The success of this strategy is dependent upon our ability to identify appropriate acquisition and disposition targets, negotiate transactions on favorable terms, complete transactions and, in the case of acquisitions, successfully integrate them into our existing businesses. If a proposed transaction is not consummated, the time and resources spent pursuing it could adversely result in missed opportunities to locate and acquire other businesses. If acquisitions are made, there can be no assurance that we will realize the anticipated benefits of such acquisitions, including, but not limited to, revenue growth, operational efficiencies, or expected synergies. If we dispose of or otherwise exit certain businesses, we may incur significant write-offs, including those related to goodwill and other intangible assets, and face other risks, including difficulties in the separation of operations, services, products, and personnel; the diversion of management's attention from other business concerns; the disruption of our business; and the potential loss of key employees. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in addressing these or any other significant risks encountered.
Subject to the terms of our indebtedness, we may finance future acquisitions with cash from operations, additional indebtedness, and/or by issuing additional equity securities. In addition, we could face financial risks associated with incurring additional indebtedness such as reducing our liquidity, limiting our access to financing markets, and increasing the amount of service on our debt. The availability of debt to finance future acquisitions may be restricted, and our ability to make future acquisitions may be limited.
There can be no assurance that any anticipated synergies or cost savings related to acquisitions will be achieved or that they will be achieved in our estimated time frame. We may not be able to successfully integrate and streamline overlapping functions from future acquisitions, and integration may be more costly to accomplish than we expect. In addition, we could encounter difficulties in managing our combined company due to its increased size and scope.
We also may seek to restructure our business in the future by disposing of certain assets or by consolidating operations. There can be no assurance that any restructuring of our business will not adversely affect our financial condition, leverage, or results of operations. In addition, any significant restructuring of our business will require significant managerial attention, which may be diverted from our other operations.
Further, from time to time, either through acquisitions or internal development, we enter new lines of business or offer new products and services within existing lines of business. These new lines of business or new products and services present us with additional risks, particularly in instances where the markets are not fully developed. Such risks include the investment of significant time and resources; the possibility that these efforts will be not be successful; the possibility that the marketplace does not accept our products or services or that we are unable to retain customers that adopt our new products or services; and the risk of additional liabilities associated with these efforts. In addition, many of the businesses that we acquire and develop will likely have significantly smaller scales of operations prior to the implementation of our growth strategy. If we are not able to manage the growing complexity of these businesses, including improving, refining, or revising our systems and operational practices, and enlarging the scale and scope of the businesses, our business may be adversely affected. Other risks include developing knowledge of and experience in the new business, integrating the acquired business into our systems and culture, recruiting professionals, and developing and capitalizing on new relationships with experienced market participants. External factors, such as compliance with new or revised regulations, competitive alternatives, and shifting market preferences may also

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impact the successful implementation of a new line of business. Failure to manage these risks in the acquisition or development of new businesses could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, and financial condition.
Restructuring our business or divesting some of our businesses or product lines in the future may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.
We continue to evaluate the strategic fit of specific businesses and products that may result in additional divestitures. Any divestitures may result in significant write-offs, including those related to goodwill and other intangible assets, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. Divestitures could involve additional risks, including difficulties in the separation of operations, services, products, and personnel; the diversion of management's attention from other business concerns; the disruption of our business; and the potential loss of key employees. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in addressing these or any other significant risks encountered.
We also may seek to restructure our business in the future by relocating operations, disposing of certain assets, or consolidating operations. There can be no assurance that any restructuring of our business will not adversely affect our financial condition, leverage, or results of operations. In addition, any significant restructuring of our business will require significant managerial attention, which may be diverted from our other operations.
Natural disasters or other disasters outside of our control could cause significant business interruptions resulting in harm to our business operations and financial condition.
Our operations and those of our suppliers and customers, and the supply chains that support their operations, may potentially suffer interruptions caused by natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, typhoons, or floods; or other disasters such as fires, explosions, disease, and acts of terrorism or war that are outside of our control, including government reactions due to such disasters. If a business interruption occurs and we are unsuccessful in our continuing efforts to minimize the impact of these events, our business, results of operations, financial condition, and/or cash flows could be materially adversely affected.
In addition, the ongoing coronavirus outbreak emanating from China at the beginning of 2020 has resulted in increased travel restrictions and extended shutdown of certain businesses in the region. These or any further political or governmental developments or health concerns in China or other countries in which we operate could result in social, economic and labor instability. These uncertainties could have a material adverse effect on the continuity of our business and our results of operations and financial condition.
Labor disruptions or increased labor costs could adversely affect our business.
As of December 31, 2019, we had approximately 21,050 employees, of whom approximately 8% were located in the U.S. As of December 31, 2019, approximately 115 of our employees were covered by collective bargaining agreements. In addition, in various countries, local law requires our participation in works councils.
A material labor disruption or work stoppage at one or more of our manufacturing or business facilities could have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, work stoppages occur relatively frequently in the industries in which many of our customers operate, such as the automotive industry. If one or more of our larger customers were to experience a material work stoppage for any reason, that customer may halt or limit the purchase of our products. This could cause us to reduce production levels or shut down production facilities relating to those products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and/or financial condition.
We operate in markets that are highly competitive and competitive pressures could require us to lower our prices or result in reduced demand for our products.
We operate in markets that are highly competitive, and we compete on the basis of product performance in mission-critical operating environments, quality, service, reliability, and/or commercial competitiveness across the industries and end markets we serve. A significant element of our competitive strategy is to design and manufacture high-quality products that meet the needs of our customers at a commercially competitive price, particularly in markets where low-cost, country-based suppliers, primarily in China with respect to the Sensing Solutions segment, have entered the markets or increased their per-unit sales in these markets by delivering products at low cost to local OEMs. In addition, certain of our competitors in the automotive sensor market are influenced or controlled by major OEMs or suppliers, thereby limiting our access to these customers. Many of our customers also rely on us as their sole source of supply for many of the products that we have historically sold to them. These customers may choose to develop relationships with additional suppliers or elect to produce some or all of these products internally, primarily to reduce risk of delivery interruptions or as a means of extracting price reductions from us. Certain of our customers currently have, or may develop in the future, the capability to internally produce

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the products that we sell to them and may compete with us with respect to those and other products and with respect to other customers. Competitive pressures such as these, and others, could affect prices or customer demand for our products, negatively impacting our profit margins and/or resulting in a loss of market share.
We may not realize all of the revenue or achieve anticipated gross margins from products subject to existing purchase orders or for which we are currently engaged in development.
Our ability to generate revenue from products pending customer awards is subject to a number of important risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, including the number of products our customers will actually produce, as well as the timing of such production. Many of our customer agreements provide for the supply of a certain share of the customer’s requirements for a particular application or platform, rather than for a specific quantity of products. In some cases, we have no remedy if a customer chooses to purchase less than we expect. In cases where customers do make minimum volume commitments to us, our remedy for their failure to meet those minimum volumes may be limited to increased pricing on those products that the customer does purchase from us or renegotiating other contract terms. There is no assurance that such price increases or new terms will offset a shortfall in expected revenue. In addition, some of our customers may have the right to discontinue a program or replace us with another supplier under certain circumstances. As a result, products for which we are currently incurring development expenses may not be manufactured by our customers at all, or may be manufactured in smaller amounts than currently anticipated. Therefore, our anticipated future revenue from products relating to existing customer awards or product development relationships may not result in firm orders from customers for the originally contracted amount. We also incur capital expenditures and other costs and price our products based on estimated production volumes. If actual production volumes were significantly lower than estimated, our anticipated revenue and gross margin from those new products would be adversely affected. We cannot predict the ultimate demand for our customers’ products, nor can we predict the extent to which we would be able to pass through unanticipated per-unit cost increases to our customers.
Security breaches and other disruptions to our information technology ("IT") infrastructure could interfere with our operations, compromise confidential information, and expose us to liability, which could materially adversely impact our business and reputation.
Security breaches and other disruptions to our IT infrastructure could interfere with our operations; compromise information belonging to us, our employees, customers, and suppliers; and expose us to liability that could adversely impact our business and reputation.
In the ordinary course of business, we rely on IT networks and systems, some of which are managed by third parties, to process, transmit, and store electronic information, and to manage or support a variety of business processes and activities. Additionally, we collect and store certain data, including proprietary business information and customer and employee data, and may have access to confidential or personal information that is subject to privacy and security laws, regulations, and customer-imposed controls. We also operate in countries where these threats, specifically the theft of our intellectual property, may pose a greater risk.
Despite our cybersecurity measures (including employee and third-party training, monitoring of networks and systems, and maintenance of backup and protective systems), our IT networks and infrastructure may still be vulnerable to damage, disruptions, or shutdowns due to attacks by hackers, breaches, employee error or malfeasance, power outages, computer viruses, telecommunication or utility failures, systems failures, natural disasters, or other catastrophic events. We also face the challenge of supporting our older systems and implementing necessary upgrades.
Moreover, as we continue to develop products containing complex information technology systems designed to support today’s increasingly connected vehicles, these systems also could be susceptible to similar interruptions, including the possibility of unauthorized access. Further, as we transition to offering more cloud-based solutions that are dependent on the Internet or other networks to operate with increased users, we may become a greater target for cyber threats, such as malware, denial of service, external adversaries or insider threats.
We are at risk of attack by a growing list of adversaries through increasingly sophisticated methods. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or sabotage systems change frequently, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or implement adequate preventative measures. In addition, we may not be able to detect breaches in our IT systems or assess the severity or impact of a breach in a timely manner. We regularly experience attacks to our systems and networks and have from time to time experienced cybersecurity breaches, such as computer viruses, unauthorized parties gaining access to our IT systems, and similar incidents, which to date have not had a material impact on our business. If we are unable to efficiently and effectively maintain and upgrade our system safeguards, we may incur unexpected costs and certain of our systems may become more vulnerable to unauthorized access. While we select our third party vendors carefully, problems with the IT systems of our vendors, including breakdowns or other disruptions in communication services provided by a vendor,

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failure of a vendor to handle current or higher volumes, cyber-attacks, and security breaches at a vendor could adversely affect our ability to deliver products and services to our customers and otherwise conduct our business. Additionally, we are an acquisitive organization and the process of integrating the information systems of the businesses we acquire is complex and exposes us to additional risk as we might not adequately identify weaknesses in the targets’ information systems, which could expose us to unexpected liabilities or make our own systems more vulnerable to attack.
These types of incidents affecting us or our third-party vendors could result in intellectual property or other confidential information being lost or stolen, including client, employee, or company data. Any such events could result in legal claims or proceedings, liability or penalties under privacy laws, disruption in operations, and damage to our reputation, which could materially adversely affect our business. Further, to the extent that any disruption or security breach results in a loss of, or damage to, our data, or an inappropriate disclosure of confidential information, it could cause significant damage to our reputation, affect our relationships with our customers, lead to claims against us, and ultimately harm our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations.
Improper disclosure of confidential, personal, or proprietary data could result in regulatory scrutiny, legal liability, or harm to our reputation.
One of our significant responsibilities is to maintain the security and privacy of our employees’ and customers’ confidential and proprietary information, including confidential information about our employees’ compensation, medical information, and other personally identifiable information. We maintain policies, procedures, and technological safeguards designed to protect the security and privacy of this information. Nonetheless, we cannot eliminate the risk of human error, employee or vendor malfeasance, or cyber-attacks that could result in improper access to or disclosure of confidential, personal, or proprietary information. Such access or disclosure could harm our reputation and subject us to liability under our contracts and laws and regulations that protect personal data, resulting in increased costs, loss of revenue, and loss of customers. The release of confidential information as a result of a security breach could also lead to litigation or other proceedings against us by affected individuals or business partners, or by regulators, and the outcome of such proceedings, which could include penalties or fines, could have a significant negative impact on our business.
In many jurisdictions, including in the EU and the U.S., we are subject to laws and regulations relating to the collection, use, retention, security, and transfer of this information. These laws and regulations are frequently changing and are becoming increasingly complex and sometimes conflict among the various jurisdictions and countries in which we operate, which makes compliance challenging and expensive.
Additionally, certain jurisdictions’ regulations include notice provisions that may require us to inform affected customers or employees in the event of a breach of confidential information before we fully understand or appreciate the extent of the breach. These notice provisions present operational challenges and related risks.
In particular, the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") went into effect in May 2018 and the California Consumer Privacy Act went into effect in January 2020. Non-compliance could result in proceedings against us by governmental entities or others. Our failure to adhere to or successfully implement processes in response to changing regulatory requirements in this area could result in legal liability or impair our reputation in the marketplace. Further, regulatory initiatives in the area of data protection are more frequently including provisions allowing authorities to impose substantial fines and penalties, and therefore, failure to comply could also have a significant financial impact.
Financial Risks
We are exposed to fluctuations in currency exchange rates that could negatively impact our financial results and cash flows.
A portion of our net revenue, expenses, receivables, and payables are denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar (the "USD"). We, therefore, face exposure to adverse movements in exchange rates of currencies other than the USD, which may change over time and could affect our financial results and cash flows. For financial reporting purposes, we, and each of our subsidiaries, operate under a USD functional currency because of the significant influence of the USD on our operations. In certain instances, we enter into transactions that are denominated in a currency other than the USD. At the date that such transaction is recognized, each asset, liability, revenue, expense, gain, or loss arising from the transaction is measured and recorded in USD using the exchange rate in effect at that date. At each balance sheet date, recognized monetary balances denominated in a currency other than the USD are adjusted to USD using the exchange rate at the balance sheet date, with gains or losses recognized in other, net in the consolidated statements of operations. During times of a weakening USD, our revenue recognized in currencies other than the USD may increase because the non-U.S. currency will translate into more USD.

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Conversely, during times of a strengthening USD, our revenue recognized in currencies other than the USD may decrease because the local currency will translate into fewer USD.
Our level of indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition and our ability to operate our business.
The credit agreement governing our secured credit facility (as amended, the "Credit Agreement") provides for senior secured credit facilities (the "Senior Secured Credit Facilities") consisting of a term loan facility (the "Term Loan"), a $420.0 million revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Credit Facility"), and incremental availability (the "Accordion") under which additional secured credit facilities could be issued under certain circumstances.
As of December 31, 2019, we had $3,291.8 million of gross outstanding indebtedness, including $460.7 million of indebtedness under the Term Loan, $500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.875% senior notes due 2023 issued under an indenture dated as of April 17, 2013 (the "4.875% Senior Notes"), $400.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 5.625% senior notes due 2024 issued under an indenture dated as of October 14, 2014 (the "5.625% Senior Notes"), $700.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 5.0% senior notes due 2025 issued under an indenture dated as of March 26, 2015 (the "5.0% Senior Notes"), $750.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 6.25% senior notes due 2026 issued under an indenture dated as of November 27, 2015 (the "6.25% Senior Notes,"), $450.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.375% senior notes due 2030 issued under an indenture dated as of September 20, 2019 (the "4.375% Senior Notes" and together with the 4.875% Senior Notes, the 5.625% Senior Notes, the 5.0% Senior Notes, and the 6.25% Senior Notes, the "Senior Notes"), and $31.1 million of finance lease and other financing obligations.
We may incur additional indebtedness in the future. Our substantial indebtedness could have important consequences. For example, it could:
make it more difficult for us to satisfy our debt obligations;
restrict us from making strategic acquisitions;
limit our ability to repurchase shares;
limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and future business opportunities, thereby placing us at a competitive disadvantage if our competitors are not as highly-leveraged;
increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and market conditions; or
require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flows from operations to payments on our indebtedness if we do not maintain specified financial ratios or are not able to refinance our indebtedness as it comes due, thereby reducing the availability of our cash flows for other purposes.
In addition, the Accordion permits us to incur additional secured credit facilities in certain circumstances in the future, subject to certain limitations as defined in the indentures under which the Senior Notes were issued (the "Senior Notes Indentures"). This could allow us to issue additional secured debt or increase the capacity of the Revolving Credit Facility. As of December 31, 2019, we had $416.1 million available to us under the Revolving Credit Facility.
If we increase our indebtedness by borrowing under the Revolving Credit Facility or incur other new indebtedness under the Accordion, the risks described above would increase. Refer to Note 14, "Debt," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to our outstanding indebtedness.
Our business may not generate sufficient cash flows from operations, or future borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities or from other sources may not be available to us in an amount sufficient to enable us to service and/or repay our indebtedness when it becomes due, or to fund our other liquidity needs, including capital expenditures.
We cannot guarantee that we will be able to obtain enough capital to service our debt and fund our planned capital expenditures and business plan. If we complete additional acquisitions, our debt service requirements could also increase. If we cannot service our indebtedness, we may have to take actions such as selling assets, seeking additional equity investments, or reducing or delaying capital expenditures, strategic acquisitions, investments, and alliances, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our operations. Additionally, we may not be able to effect such actions, if necessary, on commercially reasonable terms, or at all.

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Changes in U.S. trade policy, including the imposition of tariffs, may have a material impact on our results of operations.
Existing free trade laws and regulations, such as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement and its predecessor agreement, the North American Free Trade Agreement, provide certain beneficial duties and tariffs for qualifying imports and exports, subject to compliance with the applicable classification and other requirements. Changes in laws or policies governing the terms of foreign trade, and in particular increased trade restrictions, tariffs or taxes on imports from countries where we manufacture products, such as China and Mexico, could have a material adverse affect on our business and financial results.
For example, the U.S. government has taken certain actions with respect to its trade policies and tariffs with China, and may take further actions with respect to these policies in the future. Some of these tariffs affect the material costs of products we import from China. As discussed in Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," included elsewhere in this Report, increased tariff costs have increased our cost of revenue as a percentage of net revenue in fiscal year 2019.
Further tariffs may be imposed on other imports of our products or our business may be further impacted by retaliatory trade measures taken by China or other countries in response to existing or future U.S. tariffs. We may raise our prices on products subject to such tariffs to share the cost with our customers, which could harm our operating performance or cause our customers to seek alternative suppliers. In addition, we may seek to shift some of our China manufacturing to other countries, which could result in additional costs and disruption to our operations. We also sell our products globally and, therefore, our export sales could be impacted by the tariffs. Any material reduction in sales may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
We are evaluating U.S. government policy, which is subject to change, and adjusting our operational strategies to mitigate the impact of these tariffs; however, there can be no assurances that any mitigation strategies employed will remain available under government policy or that we will be able to offset tariff-related costs or maintain competitive pricing of our products. We cannot predict the extent to which the U.S. or other countries will impose quotas, duties, tariffs, taxes or other similar restrictions upon the import or export of our products in the future, nor can we predict future trade policy or the terms of any renegotiated trade agreements and their impact on our business. The adoption and expansion of trade restrictions, the occurrence of a trade war, or other governmental action related to tariffs or trade agreements or policies has the potential to adversely impact demand for our products, our costs, our customers, our suppliers, and the U.S. economy, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
Our failure to comply with the covenants contained in our credit arrangements, including non-compliance attributable to events beyond our control, could result in an event of default, which could materially and adversely affect our operating results and our financial condition.
The Revolving Credit Facility requires us to maintain a senior secured net leverage ratio not to exceed 5.0:1.0 at the conclusion of certain periods when outstanding loans and letters of credit that are not cash collateralized for the full face amount thereof exceed 20% of the commitments under the Revolving Credit Facility. The Revolving Credit Facility and the Senior Notes Indentures also require us to comply with various operational and other covenants.
If we experience an event of default under any of our debt instruments that is not cured or waived, the holders of the defaulted debt could cause all amounts outstanding with respect to the debt to become due and payable immediately, which, in turn, would result in cross-defaults under our other debt instruments. Our assets and cash flows may not be sufficient to fully repay borrowings if accelerated upon an event of default.
If, when required, we are unable to repay, refinance, or restructure our indebtedness under, or amend the covenants contained in, the Credit Agreement, or if a default otherwise occurs, the lenders under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities could: elect to terminate their commitments thereunder; cease making further loans; declare all borrowings outstanding, together with accrued interest and other fees, to be immediately due and payable; institute foreclosure proceedings against those assets that secure the borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities; and prevent us from making payments on the Senior Notes. Any such actions could force us into bankruptcy or liquidation, and we might not be able to repay our obligations in such an event.
We have recorded a significant amount of goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets, and we may be required to recognize goodwill or intangible asset impairments, which would reduce our earnings.
We have recorded a significant amount of goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets. Goodwill and other intangible assets, net totaled approximately $3.9 billion as of December 31, 2019, or 57% of our total assets. Goodwill, which represents

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the future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired in a business combination that are not individually identified and separately recognized, was approximately $3.1 billion as of December 31, 2019, or 45% of our total assets. Goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets were recognized at fair value as of the corresponding acquisition date. Impairment of goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets may result from, among other things, deterioration in our performance, adverse market conditions, adverse changes in laws or regulations, significant unexpected or planned changes in the use of assets, and a variety of other factors. The amount of any quantified impairment must be expensed immediately as a charge that is included in operating income, which may impact our ability to raise capital. Should certain assumptions used in the development of the fair value of our reporting units change, we may be required to recognize goodwill or other intangible asset impairments. Refer to Note 11, "Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, Net," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to our goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets. Refer to Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates, included in Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," included elsewhere in this Report for additional information related to the assumptions used in the development of the fair value of our reporting units.
Our global effective tax rate is subject to a variety of different factors that could create volatility in that tax rate, expose us to greater than anticipated tax liabilities, or cause us to adjust previously recognized tax assets and liabilities.
We are subject to income taxes in the U.K., China, Mexico, the U.S., and many other jurisdictions. As a result, our global effective tax rate from period to period can be affected by many factors, including changes in tax legislation, changes in tax rates and tax laws, our jurisdictional mix of earnings, the use of global funding structures, the tax characteristics of our income, the effects on our revenues and costs of complying with transfer pricing requirements under differing laws of various countries, consequences of acquisitions and dispositions of businesses and business segments, and the taxation of subsidiary income in the jurisdiction of its parent company regardless of whether or not distributed. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes, and our determination of the amount of our tax liability is always subject to review by applicable tax authorities. Refer to Note 7, "Income Taxes," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to our accounting for income taxes.
We could be subject to future audits conducted by these foreign and domestic tax authorities, and resolution of such audits could impact our tax rate in future periods. This may include reclassification or other changes (such as those in applicable accounting rules) that increase the amounts that we have previously provided for income taxes in our consolidated financial statements.
We believe that our redomicile into the U.K. and related transactions should continue to support our ability to maintain a competitive global tax rate since the U.K. has implemented a dividend exemption system that generally does not subject non-U.K. earnings to U.K. tax when such earnings are repatriated to the U.K. in the form of dividends from non-U.K. subsidiaries. This system should allow us to optimize our capital allocation through global funding structures. However, we cannot provide any assurances as to what our tax rate will be in any period because of, among other things, uncertainty regarding the nature and extent of our business activities in any particular jurisdiction in the future and the tax laws of such jurisdictions, as well as changes in U.S. and other tax laws, treaties, and regulations. Our actual global tax rate may vary from our expectation and that variance may be material. Additionally, the tax laws of the jurisdictions where we operate could change in the future, and such changes could cause a material change in our tax rate.
Tax laws, regulations, and treaties where we do business may be subject to significant changes. These changes could materially impact our prospective tax profile, and our ability to mitigate any such changes may be limited. We continuously monitor all global regulatory developments and consider alternatives to limit their detrimental impacts. However, not all unfavorable developments can be moderated and we may consequently experience adverse effects on our effective tax rate and cash flows. Therefore, we cannot provide any assurances as to what our tax rate will be in any future period.
For example, the European Commission (“EC”) has been conducting investigations of state aid and have focused on whether EU sovereign country laws or rulings provide favorable treatment to taxpayers conflicting with its interpretation of EU law. EC findings may have retroactive effect and can cause increases in tax liabilities where we considered ourselves in full compliance with local legislation. Furthermore, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (“OECD”), representing a number of jurisdictions where we conduct business, is recommending changes to long-accepted tax principles applied by most multinational corporations. As currently drafted, OECD guidelines would precipitate incremental future tax liabilities to Sensata. However, the OECD guidelines’ timing and precise impact to us remains unclear. We continue to monitor developments and shall react accordingly.
In addition, we could be subject to future audits conducted by foreign and domestic tax authorities, and the resolution of such audits could impact our tax rate in future periods, as would any reclassification or other changes (such as those in applicable accounting rules) that increases the amounts we have provided for income taxes in our consolidated financial statements. There can be no assurance that we would be successful in attempting to mitigate the adverse impacts resulting from

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any changes in law, audits and other matters. Our inability to mitigate the negative consequences of any changes in the law, audits and other matters could cause our global tax rate to increase, our use of cash to increase and our financial condition and results of operations to suffer.
We are a holding company and, therefore, may not be able to receive dividends or other payments in needed amounts from our subsidiaries.
We are organized as a holding company, a legal entity separate and distinct from our operating entities. As a holding company without significant operations of its own, our principal assets are the shares of capital stock of our subsidiaries. We rely on dividends, interest, and other payments from these subsidiaries to meet our obligations for paying principal and interest on outstanding debt, repurchasing ordinary shares, and corporate expenses. Certain of our subsidiaries are subject to regulatory requirements of the jurisdictions in which they operate or other restrictions that may limit the amounts that subsidiaries can pay in dividends or other payments to us. No assurance can be given that there will not be further changes in law, regulatory actions, or other circumstances that could restrict the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends or otherwise make payments to us. Furthermore, no assurance can be given that our subsidiaries may be able to make timely payments to us in order for us to meet our obligations.
Legal and Regulatory Risks
We are subject to risks associated with our non-U.S. operations, including changes in local government regulations and policies, which could adversely impact the results of operations from our international businesses.
Our subsidiaries located outside of the U.S. generated approximately 61% of our net revenue in fiscal year 2019, and we expect sales from non-U.S. markets to continue to represent a significant portion of our total net revenue. International sales and operations are subject to changes in local government regulations and policies, including those related to tariffs and trade barriers, investments, taxation, exchange controls, and repatriation of earnings.
In addition, other risks are inherent in our non-U.S. operations, including the potential for changes in socio-economic conditions and/or monetary and fiscal policies, intellectual property protection difficulties and disputes, the settlement of legal disputes through certain foreign legal systems, the collection of receivables, exposure to possible expropriation or other government actions, unsettled political conditions, and possible terrorist attacks. These and other factors may have a material adverse effect on our non-U.S. operations and, therefore, on our business and results of operations.
We could be adversely affected by violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the "FCPA"), the U.K.'s Bribery Act, and similar worldwide anti-bribery laws.
The U.S. FCPA, the U.K.'s Bribery Act, and similar worldwide anti-bribery laws generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Our policies mandate compliance with these anti-bribery laws. We operate in many parts of the world that have experienced governmental corruption to some degree, and in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. Despite our training and compliance program, we cannot provide assurance that our internal control policies and procedures will protect us from reckless or criminal acts committed by our employees or agents. Violations of these laws, or allegations of such violations, could disrupt our business and result in a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and/or cash flows.
Export of our products is subject to various export control regulations and may require a license from the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Department of Commerce, or the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Any failure to comply with such regulations could result in governmental enforcement actions, fines, penalties, or other remedies, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and financial condition.
Certain of our products require us to comply with the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, International Traffic in Arms Regulation ("ITAR"), and the sanctions, regulations, and embargoes administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC"). Our products that have military applications are on the munitions list of ITAR and require an individual validated license in order to be exported to certain jurisdictions. These restrictions also apply to technical data for design, development, production, use, repair, and maintenance of such ITAR-controlled products. The export of ITAR-controlled products or technical data requires an individual validated license from the U.S. State Department’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. Any delays in obtaining, or our inability to obtain, such licenses could result in a material reduction in revenue.
We also export products that are subject to other export regulations. Any changes in these export regulations may further restrict the export of our products, and we may cease to be able to procure export licenses for our products under existing regulations. This area remains fluid in terms of regulatory developments. Should we need an export license under existing

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regulations, the length of time required by the licensing process can vary, potentially delaying the shipment of products and the recognition of the corresponding revenue. We have no control over the time it takes to process an export license. Any restriction on the export of a significant product line or a significant amount of our products could cause a significant reduction in revenue.
We have discovered in the past, and may discover in the future, deficiencies in our OFAC and ITAR compliance programs. Although we continue to enhance these compliance programs, we cannot assure you that any such enhancements will ensure that we are in compliance with applicable laws and regulations at all times, or that applicable authorities will not raise compliance concerns or perform audits to confirm our compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Any failure by us to comply with applicable laws and regulations could result in governmental enforcement actions, fines or penalties, criminal and/or civil proceedings, or other remedies, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and/or financial condition.
Changes in existing environmental or safety laws, regulations, and programs could reduce demand for our products, which could cause our revenue to decline.
A significant amount of our business is generated either directly or indirectly as a result of existing laws, regulations, and programs related to environmental protection, fuel economy, energy efficiency, and safety regulation. Accordingly, a relaxation or repeal of these laws and regulations, or changes in governmental policies regarding the funding, implementation, or enforcement of these programs, could result in a decline in demand for environmental and/or safety products, which may have a material adverse effect on our revenue.
Our operations expose us to the risk of material environmental liabilities, litigation, government enforcement actions, and reputational risk.
We are subject to numerous federal, state, and local environmental protection and health and safety laws and regulations in the various countries where we operate and where our products are sold. These laws and regulations govern, among other things:
the generation, storage, use, and transportation of hazardous materials;
emissions or discharges of substances into the environment;
investigation and remediation of hazardous substances or materials at various sites;
greenhouse gas emissions;
product hazardous material content; and
the health and safety of our employees.
We may not have been, or we may not always be, in compliance with all environmental and health and safety laws and regulations. If we violate these laws, we could be fined, criminally charged, or otherwise sanctioned by regulators. In addition, environmental and health and safety laws are becoming more stringent, resulting in increased costs and compliance burdens.
Certain environmental laws assess liability on current or previous owners or operators of real property for the costs of investigation, removal, and remediation of hazardous substances or materials at their properties or properties at which they have disposed of hazardous substances. Liability for investigation, removal, and remediation costs under certain federal and state laws is retroactive, strict, and joint and several. In addition to cleanup actions brought by governmental authorities, private parties could bring personal injury or other claims due to the presence of, or exposure to, hazardous substances.
We cannot provide assurance that our costs of complying with current or future environmental protection and health and safety laws, or our liabilities arising from past or future releases of, or exposures to, hazardous substances will not exceed our estimates or adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows, or that we will not be subject to additional environmental claims for personal injury, property damage, and/or cleanup in the future based on our past, present, or future business activities.
Our products are subject to various requirements related to chemical usage, hazardous material content, and recycling.
The EU, China, and other jurisdictions in which our products are sold have enacted or are proposing to enact laws addressing environmental and other impacts from product disposal, use of hazardous materials in products, use of chemicals in manufacturing, recycling of products at the end of their useful life, and other related matters. These laws include but are not limited to the EU Restriction of Hazardous Substances ("RoHS"), End of Life Vehicle ("ELV"), and Waste Electrical and

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Electronic Equipment Directives; the EU Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals ("REACH") regulation; and the China law on Management Methods for Controlling Pollution by Electronic Information Products. These laws prohibit the use of certain substances in the manufacture of our products and directly and indirectly impose a variety of requirements for modification of manufacturing processes, registration, chemical testing, labeling, and other matters. These laws continue to proliferate and expand in these and other jurisdictions to address other materials and aspects of our product manufacturing and sale. These laws could make the manufacture or sale of our products more expensive or impossible, could limit our ability to sell our products in certain jurisdictions, and could result in liability for product recalls, penalties, or other claims.
Our ability to compete effectively depends, in part, on our ability to maintain the proprietary nature of our products and technology.
The electronics industry is characterized by litigation regarding patent and other intellectual property rights. Within this industry, companies have become more aggressive in asserting and defending patent claims against competitors. There can be no assurance that we will not be subject to future litigation alleging infringement or invalidity of certain of our intellectual property rights, or that we will not have to pursue litigation to protect our property rights. Depending on the importance of the technology, product, patent, trademark, or trade secret in question, an unfavorable outcome regarding one of these matters may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and/or cash flows.
We may be subject to claims that our products or processes infringe on the intellectual property rights of others, which may cause us to pay unexpected litigation costs or damages, modify our products or processes, or prevent us from selling our products.
Third parties may claim that our processes and products infringe their intellectual property rights. Whether or not these claims have merit, we may be subject to costly and time consuming legal proceedings, and this could divert management’s attention from operating our business. If these claims are successfully asserted against us, we could be required to pay substantial damages, make future royalty payments, and/or could be prevented from selling some or all of our products. We also may be obligated to indemnify our business partners or customers in any such litigation. Furthermore, we may need to obtain licenses from these third parties or substantially re-engineer or rename our products in order to avoid infringement. In addition, we might not be able to obtain the necessary licenses on acceptable terms, or at all, or be able to re-engineer or rename our products successfully. If we are prevented from selling some or all of our products, our sales could be materially adversely affected.
We are a defendant to a variety of litigation in the course of our business that could cause a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and/or cash flows.
In the normal course of business, we are, from time to time, a defendant in litigation, including litigation alleging the infringement of intellectual property rights, anti-competitive behavior, product liability, breach of contract, and employment-related claims. In certain circumstances, patent infringement and antitrust laws permit successful plaintiffs to recover treble damages. The defense of these lawsuits may divert our management's attention, and we may incur significant expenses in defending these lawsuits. In addition, we may be required to pay damage awards or settlements, or become subject to injunctions or other equitable remedies, that could cause a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and/or cash flows. Refer to Note 15, "Commitments and Contingencies," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to lawsuits in which we are involved.
U.K. Domicile Risks
As a public limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, we may have less flexibility with respect to certain aspects of capital management.
English law imposes additional restrictions on certain corporate actions. For example, English law provides that a board of directors may only allot, or issue, securities with the prior authorization of shareholders, such authorization being up to the aggregate nominal amount of shares and for a maximum period of five years, each as specified in the articles of association or relevant shareholder resolution. English law also generally provides shareholders with preemptive rights when new shares are issued for cash; however, it is possible for the articles of association, or shareholders at a general meeting, to exclude preemptive rights. Such an exclusion of preemptive rights may be for a maximum period of up to five years as specified in the articles of association or relevant shareholder resolution. We currently only have authorization to issue shares under our equity plan excluding preemptive rights until our next annual general meeting. This authorization and exclusion needs to be renewed by our shareholders periodically and we intend to renew the authorization and exclusion at each annual general meeting.

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English law also requires us to have available "distributable reserves" to make share repurchases or pay dividends to shareholders. Distributable reserves may be created through the earnings of the U.K. parent company or other actions. While we intend to maintain a sufficient level of distributable reserves, there is no assurance that we will continue to generate sufficient earnings in order to maintain the necessary level of distributable reserves to make share repurchases or pay dividends.
English law also generally prohibits a company from repurchasing its own shares by way of "off-market purchases" without the prior approval of our shareholders. Such approval lasts for a maximum period of up to five years. Our shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange, which is not a recognized investment exchange in the U.K. Consequently, any repurchase of our shares is currently considered an "off-market purchase." Our current authorization expires on May 31, 2023, and we intend to renew this authorization periodically.
As a public limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, the enforcement of civil liabilities against us may be more difficult.
Because we are a public limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, investors could experience more difficulty enforcing judgments obtained against us in U.S. courts than would have been the case for a U.S. company. In addition, it may be more difficult (or impossible) to bring some types of claims against us in courts in England than it would be to bring similar claims against a U.S. company in a U.S. court.
As a public limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, it may not be possible to effect service of process upon us within the U.S. to enforce judgments of U.S. courts against us based on the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws.
There is doubt as to the enforceability in England and Wales, in original actions or in actions for enforcement of judgments of U.S. courts, of civil liabilities solely based on the U.S. federal securities laws. The English courts will, however, treat any amount payable by us under U.S. judgment as a debt and new proceedings can be commenced in the English courts to enforce this debt against us. The following criteria must be satisfied for the English court to enforce the debt created by the U.S. judgment:
the U.S. court having had jurisdiction over the original proceedings according to English conflicts of laws principles and rules of English private international law at the time when proceedings were initiated;
the U.S. proceedings not having been brought in breach of a jurisdiction or arbitration clause except with the agreement of the defendant or the defendant’s subsequent submission to the jurisdiction of the court;
the U.S. judgment being final and conclusive on the merits in the sense of being final and unalterable in the court which pronounced it and being for a definite sum of money;
the recognition or enforcement, as the case may be, of the U.S. judgment not contravening English public policy in a sufficiently significant way or contravening the Human Rights Act 1998 (or any subordinate legislation made thereunder, to the extent applicable);
the U.S. judgment not being for a sum payable in respect of taxes, or other charges of a like nature, or in respect of a penalty or fine, or otherwise based on a U.S. law that an English court considers to be a penal or revenue law;
the U.S. judgment not having been arrived at by doubling, trebling or otherwise multiplying a sum assessed as compensation for the loss or damages sustained, and not otherwise being a judgment contrary to section 5 of the Protection of Trading Interests Act 1980 or is a judgment based on measures designated by the Secretary of State under Section 1 of that Act;
the U.S. judgment not having been obtained by fraud or in breach of English principles of natural justice;
the U.S. judgment not being a judgment on a matter previously determined by an English court, or another court whose judgment is entitled to recognition (or enforcement as the case may be) in England, in proceedings involving the same parties that conflicts with an earlier judgment of such court;
the party seeking enforcement (being a party who is not ordinarily resident in some part of the U.K. or resident in an EU Member State) providing security for costs, if ordered to do so by the English courts; and
the English enforcement proceedings being commenced within the relevant limitation period.

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If an English court gives judgment for the sum payable under a U.S. judgment, the English judgment will be enforceable by methods generally available for this purpose. These methods generally permit the English court discretion to prescribe the manner of enforcement. In addition, in any enforcement proceedings, the judgment debtor may raise any counterclaim that could have been brought if the action had been originally brought in England unless the subject of the counterclaim was in issue and denied in the U.S. proceedings.
ITEM 1B.
UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.
ITEM 2.
PROPERTIES
As of December 31, 2019, we occupied principal manufacturing facilities and business centers in the following locations:
 
 
 
 
Operating Segment
 
Approximate Square Footage (in thousands)
 
 
 
 
Performance Sensing
 
Sensing Solutions
 
Country
 
Location
 
 
 
Owned
 
Leased
Bulgaria
 
Botevgrad
 
X
 
 
 
169
 
Bulgaria
 
Plovdiv
 
X
 
 
 
125
 
Bulgaria
 
Sofia
 
X
 
 
 
 
117
China
 
Baoying (1)
 
X
 
X
 
296
 
385
China
 
Changzhou
 
X
 
X
 
335
 
236
Malaysia
 
Subang Jaya
 
X
 
 
 
138
 
Mexico
 
Aguascalientes
 
X
 
X
 
489
 
Mexico
 
Tijuana 
 
X
 
X
 
 
287
Netherlands
 
Hengelo
 
X
 
X
 
 
94
United Kingdom
 
Antrim
 
X
 
 
 
 
126
United Kingdom
 
Carrickfergus
 
X
 
 
 
63
 
United Kingdom
 
Swindon (2)
 
X
 
 
 
 
34
United States
 
Attleboro, MA (3)
 
X
 
X
 
 
443
United States
 
Carpinteria, CA
 
X
 
X
 
 
50
United States
 
Thousand Oaks, CA
 
X
 
X
 
 
115
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,615
 
1,887
__________________________________________
(1) 
The owned portion of the properties in this location serves the Sensing Solutions segment only.
(2) 
Our United Kingdom headquarters is located in this facility.
(3) 
Our United States headquarters is located in this facility.
These facilities are primarily devoted to research, development, engineering, manufacturing, and assembly. In addition to these primary facilities, we occupy other manufacturing, warehousing, administrative, and sales facilities that we do not consider to be principal.
We consider our manufacturing facilities sufficient to meet our current operational requirements. An increase in demand for our products may require us to expand our production capacity, which could require us to identify and acquire or lease additional manufacturing facilities. We believe that suitable additional or substitute facilities will be available as required; however, if we are unable to acquire, integrate, and move into production the facilities, equipment, and personnel necessary to meet such an increase in demand, our customer relationships, results of operations, and/or financial condition may suffer materially. Leases covering our currently occupied principal leased facilities expire at varying dates within the next 17 years. We do not anticipate difficulty in retaining occupancy through lease renewals, month-to-month occupancy, or by replacing the leased facilities with equivalent facilities.
A significant portion of our owned properties and equipment is subject to a lien under our senior secured credit facilities. Refer to Note 14, "Debt," of our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information related to our senior secured credit facilities.

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ITEM 3.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
We are regularly involved in a number of claims and litigation matters in the ordinary course of business. Most of our litigation matters are third-party claims related to patent infringement allegations or for property damage allegedly caused by our products, but some involve allegations of personal injury or wrongful death. From time to time, we also are involved in disagreements with vendors and customers. Information on certain legal proceedings in which we are involved is included in Note 15, "Commitments and Contingencies," of our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Although it is not feasible to predict the outcome of these matters, based upon our experience and current information known to us, we do not expect the outcome of these matters, either individually or in the aggregate, to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows.
ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.

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Table of Contents

PART II
 
ITEM 5.
MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS, AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Market Information
Our ordinary shares trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "ST."
Performance Graph
The following graph compares the total shareholder return of our ordinary shares since December 31, 2014 to the total shareholder return since that date of the Standard & Poor’s ("S&P") 500 Stock Index and the S&P 500 Industrial Index. The graph assumes that the value of the investment in our ordinary shares and each index was $100.00 on December 31, 2014.

chart-d4753712a9fd5021a9d.jpg
Total Shareholder Return of $100.00 Investment from December 31, 2014
 
 
As of December 31,
 
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
Sensata
 
$
100.00

 
$
87.88

 
$
74.32

 
$
97.52

 
$
85.56

 
$
102.79

S&P 500
 
$
100.00

 
$
101.38

 
$
113.49

 
$
138.26

 
$
132.19

 
$
173.80

S&P 500 Industrial
 
$
100.00

 
$
97.44

 
$
115.81

 
$
140.14

 
$
121.47

 
$
157.09

The information in the graph and table above is not "soliciting material," is not deemed "filed" with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, and is not to be incorporated by reference in any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Report"), except to the extent that we specifically incorporate such information by reference. The total shareholder return shown on the graph represents past performance and should not be considered an indication of future price performance.

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Table of Contents

Stockholders
As of January 31, 2020, there were four holders of record of our ordinary shares, primarily Cede & Co. (which acts as nominee shareholder for the Depository Trust Company).
Dividends
We have never declared or paid any dividends on our ordinary shares, and we currently do not plan to declare any such dividends in the foreseeable future. Because we are a holding company, our ability to pay cash dividends on our ordinary shares may be limited by restrictions on our ability to obtain sufficient funds through dividends from our subsidiaries, including restrictions under the terms of the agreements governing our indebtedness. In that regard, our indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary, Sensata Technologies B.V. ("STBV"), is limited in its ability to pay dividends or otherwise make distributions to its immediate parent company and, ultimately, to us. Refer to Note 14, "Debt," of our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto included elsewhere in this Report for additional information related to our dividend restrictions.
In addition, under Dutch law, STBV and certain of our other subsidiaries that are Dutch private limited liability companies may only pay dividends or make other distributions to the extent that the shareholders' equity of such subsidiary exceeds the reserves required to be maintained by law or under its articles of association.
Under the laws of England and Wales, we are able to declare dividends, make distributions, or repurchase shares only out of distributable reserves on our statutory balance sheet. Distributable reserves are a company’s accumulated, realized profits, so far as not previously utilized by distribution or capitalization, less its accumulated, realized losses, so far as not previously written off in a reduction or reorganization of capital duly made. Realized reserves are determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles at the time the relevant accounts are prepared. We are not permitted to make a distribution if, at the time, the amount of our net assets is less than the aggregate of our issued and paid-up share capital and undistributable reserves or to the extent that the distribution will reduce our net assets below such amount. Subject to these limitations, the payment of cash dividends in the future, if any, will depend upon such factors as earnings levels, capital requirements, contractual restrictions, our overall financial condition, and any other factors deemed relevant by our shareholders and Board of Directors.
Under current United Kingdom ("U.K.") tax legislation, any future dividends paid by us will not be subject to withholding or deduction on account of U.K. tax, irrespective of the tax residence or the individual circumstances of the recipient shareholder. Shareholders may need to review their facts and circumstances to determine their exposure to U.K. income taxes going forward on any potential dividend income received from us.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Period
 
Total 
Number
of Shares
Purchased (in shares)
 
Weighted-Average 
Price
Paid per Share
 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly
Announced Plan or Programs
 
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plan or Programs
(in millions) (2)
October 1 through October 31, 2019
 
695,385

(1) 
$
49.44

 
694,684

 
$
387.3

November 1 through November 30, 2019
 
564,412

 
$
52.44

 
564,412

 
$
357.7

December 1 through December 31, 2019
 
389,251

 
$
51.93

 
389,251

 
$
337.5

Quarter total
 
1,649,048

 
$
51.06

 
1,648,347

 
$
337.5

__________________________
(1)
Upon the vesting of restricted securities, we collect and pay withholding tax for employees by withholding shares to cover such tax. The number of shares presented includes 701 shares withheld in this manner with an aggregate value of $35 thousand, based on the closing price of our ordinary shares on the date of withholding. These withholdings took place outside of a publicly announced repurchase plan.
(2)
Other than shares withheld to cover required tax withholding upon the vesting of restricted securities, all purchases during the three months ended December 31, 2019 were conducted pursuant to a $500.0 million share repurchase program authorized by our Board of Directors and publicly announced on July 30, 2019. This share repurchase program does not have an established expiration date.

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Table of Contents

ITEM 6.
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
We have derived the selected consolidated statements of operations and other financial data for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017 and the selected consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 from our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto (our "Financial Statements") included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Report"). We have derived the selected consolidated statements of operations and other financial data for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 and the selected consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015 from audited consolidated financial statements not included in this Report.
You should read the following information in conjunction with our Financial Statements and Item 7, "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," included elsewhere in this Report. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected in any future period.
 
Sensata Technologies Holding plc (Consolidated) (a)
 
For the year ended December 31,
(In thousands, except per share data)
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
Statement of operations data: (b)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue
$
3,450,631

 
$
3,521,627

 
$
3,306,733

 
$
3,202,288

 
$
2,974,961

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenue
2,267,433

 
2,266,863

 
2,138,898

 
2,084,159

 
1,976,845

Research and development
148,425

 
147,279

 
130,127

 
126,656

 
123,603

Selling, general and administrative
281,442

 
305,558

 
301,896

 
293,506

 
270,773

Amortization of intangible assets
142,886

 
139,326

 
161,050

 
201,498

 
186,632

Restructuring and other charges, net (c)
53,560

 
(47,818
)
 
18,975

 
4,113

 
21,919

Total operating costs and expenses
2,893,746

 
2,811,208

 
2,750,946

 
2,709,932

 
2,579,772

Operating income
556,885

 
710,419

 
555,787

 
492,356

 
395,189

Interest expense, net
(158,554
)
 
(153,679
)
 
(159,761
)
 
(165,818
)
 
(137,626
)
Other, net(d)
(7,908
)
 
(30,365
)
 
6,415

 
(5,093
)
 
(51,934
)
Income before taxes
390,423

 
526,375

 
402,441

 
321,445

 
205,629

Provision for/(benefit from) income taxes (e)
107,709

 
(72,620
)
 
(5,916
)
 
59,011

 
(142,067
)
Net income
$
282,714

 
$
598,995

 
$
408,357

 
$
262,434

 
$
347,696

Basic net income per share
$
1.76

 
$
3.55

 
$
2.39

 
$
1.54

 
$
2.05

Diluted net income per share
$
1.75

 
$
3.53

 
$
2.37

 
$
1.53

 
$
2.03

Weighted-average ordinary shares outstanding—basic
160,946

 
168,570

 
171,165

 
170,709

 
169,977

Weighted-average ordinary shares outstanding—diluted
161,968

 
169,859

 
172,169

 
171,460

 
171,513

Other financial data: (b)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by/(used in):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating activities
$
619,562

 
$
620,563

 
$
557,646

 
$
521,525

 
$
533,131

Investing activities
$
(208,777
)
 
$
(237,606
)
 
$
(140,722
)
 
$
(174,778
)
 
$
(1,166,369
)
Financing activities
$
(366,499
)
 
$
(406,213
)
 
$
(15,263
)
 
$
(337,582
)
 
$
764,172

Additions to property, plant and equipment and capitalized software
$
(161,259
)
 
$
(159,787
)
 
$
(144,584
)
 
$
(130,217
)
 
$
(177,196
)
 
As of December 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
Balance sheet data: (b)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
774,119

 
$
729,833

 
$
753,089

 
$
351,428

 
$
342,263

Working capital (f)
$
1,330,906

 
$
1,277,211

 
$
1,218,796

 
$
758,189

 
$
412,748

Total assets
$
6,834,519

 
$
6,797,687

 
$
6,641,525

 
$
6,240,976

 
$
6,298,910

Total debt, net including finance lease and other financing obligations
$
3,255,613

 
$
3,264,941

 
$
3,270,269

 
$
3,273,594

 
$
3,600,991

Total shareholders’ equity
$
2,573,755

 
$
2,608,434

 
$
2,345,626

 
$
1,942,007

 
$
1,668,576


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__________________________________________
(a)
On March 28, 2018, the cross-border merger of Sensata Technologies Holding N.V. ("Sensata N.V.") and Sensata Technologies Holding plc ("Sensata plc") was completed, with Sensata plc being the surviving entity (the "Merger"). On the date of the Merger, Sensata plc became the publicly-traded parent of the subsidiary companies that were previously controlled by Sensata N.V., with no changes made to the business being conducted by Sensata N.V. prior to the Merger. Due to the various legal aspects of the Merger, Sensata plc retains the historical data of Sensata N.V., and no recasting or adjustment is required as a result of the Merger.
(b)
We acquired certain assets and subsidiaries of Custom Sensors & Technologies Ltd. ("CST") in fiscal year 2015, and GIGAVAC, LLC ("GIGAVAC") in fiscal year 2018. Pro forma amounts are not shown. We sold the capital stock of Schrader Bridgeport International, Inc. and August France Holding Company SAS (collectively, the "Valves Business") in fiscal year 2018. Prior year amounts have not been recast. Refer to Note 17, "Acquisitions and Divestitures," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to the acquisition of GIGAVAC and the divestiture of the Valves Business.
(c)
Restructuring and other charges, net for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, and 2015 consisted of the following (refer also to Note 5, "Restructuring and Other Charges, Net," of our Financial Statements):
 
For the year ended December 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
Severance costs, net (i)
$
29,240

 
$
7,566

 
$
11,125

 
$
813

 
$
19,829

Facility and other exit costs (ii)
808

 
877

 
7,850

 
3,300

 
798

Gain on sale of Valves Business (iii)

 
(64,423
)
 

 

 

Other (iv)
23,512

 
8,162

 

 

 
1,292

Restructuring and other charges, net
$
53,560

 
$
(47,818
)
 
$
18,975

 
$
4,113

 
$
21,919

__________________________________________
(i)
Includes termination benefits provided in connection with workforce reductions of manufacturing, engineering, and administrative positions. For the year ended December 31, 2019, these amounts also included $12.7 million of benefits provided under a voluntary retirement incentive program offered to a limited number of eligible employees in the United States (the "U.S.") and $6.5 million of termination benefits provided under a one-time benefit arrangement related to the shutdown and relocation of an operating site in Germany. For the year ended December 31, 2017, these amounts also included $8.4 million of charges related to the closure of our facility in Minden, Germany, a site we obtained in connection with the acquisition of certain subsidiaries of CST. For the year ended December 31, 2015, these amounts also included $7.6 million of severance charges incurred in order to integrate acquired businesses with ours and $4.0 million of severance charges related to the closure of our Schrader Brazil manufacturing facility.
(ii)
For the year ended December 31, 2017, these amounts included $3.2 million of costs related to the closure of our facility in Minden, Germany and $3.1 million of costs associated with the consolidation of two other manufacturing sites in Europe. For the year ended December 31, 2016 these amounts primarily related to the relocation of manufacturing lines from our facility in the Dominican Republic to a manufacturing facility in Mexico.
(iii)
In the year ended December 31, 2018, we completed the sale of the Valves Business.
(iv)
In the year ended December 31, 2019, these amounts included a $17.8 million loss related to the termination of a supply agreement in connection with the Metal Seal Precision, Ltd. ("Metal Seal") litigation and $6.1 million of expense related to the deferred compensation arrangement that we entered into in connection with the acquisition of GIGAVAC. Refer to Note 15, "Commitments and Contingencies," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to the supply agreement termination and litigation with Metal Seal. In the year ended December 31, 2018, we incurred $5.9 million of incremental direct costs in order to transact the sale of the Valves Business and $2.2 million of expense related to the deferred compensation arrangement that we entered into connection with the acquisition of GIGAVAC.

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(d)
Other, net for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, and 2015 consisted of the following:
 
For the year ended December 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
(Loss)/gain related to foreign currency exchange rates(i)
$
(4,577
)
 
$
(16,835
)
 
$
2,423

 
$
(12,471
)
 
$
(6,007
)
Gain/(loss) on commodity forward contracts
4,888

 
(8,481
)
 
9,989

 
7,399

 
(18,468
)
Loss on debt financing
(4,364
)
 
(2,350
)
 
(2,670
)
 

 
(25,538
)
Net periodic benefit cost, excluding service cost
(3,186
)
 
(3,585
)
 
(3,402
)
 
(192
)
 
(1,605
)
Other
(669
)
 
886

 
75

 
171

 
(316
)
Other, net
$
(7,908
)
 
$
(30,365
)
 
$
6,415

 
$
(5,093
)
 
$
(51,934
)
__________________________________________
(i)
Includes net losses and gains on foreign currency remeasurement and foreign currency forward contracts. Refer to Note 6, "Other, Net," of our Financial Statements for additional information.
(e)
For the year ended December 31, 2018, this amount included an income tax benefit of $122.1 million related to the realization of U.S. deferred tax assets previously offset by a valuation allowance. For the year ended December 31, 2017, this amount included an income tax benefit of $73.7 million related to the enactment of U.S. tax legislation in the fourth quarter of 2017. Refer to Note 7, "Income Taxes," of our Financial Statements for additional information. For the year ended December 31, 2015, this amount included an income tax benefit of $180.0 million, primarily related to the release of a portion of our U.S. valuation allowance in connection with the acquisition of CST.
(f)
We define working capital as current assets less current liabilities.

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Table of Contents

ITEM 7.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis is intended to help the reader understand our business, financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity and capital resources. You should read the following discussion in conjunction with Item 1, "Business," Item 6, "Selected Financial Data," and our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto (our "Financial Statements") included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this "Report").
The statements in this discussion regarding industry outlook, our expectations regarding our future performance, liquidity and capital resources, and other non-historical statements are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described in Item 1A, "Risk Factors," included elsewhere in this Report. Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements.
Overview
Sensata Technologies Holding plc ("Sensata plc"), the successor issuer to Sensata Technologies Holding N.V. ("Sensata N.V.") and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, collectively referred to as the "Company," "Sensata," "we," "our," and "us," is a global industrial technology company that develops, manufactures, and sells sensors, sensor-based solutions, controls, and other products used in mission-critical systems and applications that create valuable business insights for our customers and for end users.
Our sensors are devices that translate a physical parameter, such as pressure, temperature, or position, into electronic signals that our customers’ products and solutions can act upon. These actionable insights lead to products that are safer, cleaner and more efficient, more electrified, and increasingly more connected. Our sensor-based solutions can be comprised of various sensors, controllers, receivers, and software, which provide comprehensive solutions to critical problems. Our controls are devices embedded within systems to protect them from excessive heat or current.
Our sensors, sensor-based solutions, and controls are included in mission-critical solutions that play a key role in the four key megatrends that are shaping our markets as discussed in further detail in Item 1, "Business," included elsewhere in this Report. Each of these trends is expected to significantly transform our industries and many of our customers businesses. These megatrends are also creating greater secular demand for our products, which enables us to outgrow end-market volume production in many of the markets we serve, a defining characteristic of our company. The most relevant megatrends in the short term include those which result from mandates to make products cleaner and more efficient, as well as the move towards electrification in the automotive, industrial, and heavy vehicle and off-road ("HVOR") industries.
We believe regulatory requirements for safer vehicles, higher fuel efficiency, and lower emissions, such as the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Corporate Average Fuel Economy requirements in the United States (the "U.S."), "Euro 6d" requirements in Europe, "China National 6" requirements in China, and "Bharat Stage VI" requirements in India, as well as customer demand for operator productivity and convenience, drive the need for advancements in powertrain management, efficiency, safety, and operator controls. These advancements lead to sensor growth rates that we expect to exceed underlying demand in many of our key end markets, which we expect will continue to offer us significant growth opportunities.
The technology-driven, highly-customized, and integrated nature of our products requires customers to invest heavily in certification and qualification to ensure proper functioning of the systems in which our products are embedded. We believe the capital commitment and time required for this process significantly increases the switching costs for our customers once a particular sensor has been designed and installed in a system. As a result, our sensors are rarely substituted during a product lifecycle, which in the case of the automotive market typically lasts five to seven years. We focus on new applications that will help us secure new business, drive long-term growth, and provide an opportunity to define a leading application technology in collaboration with our customers.
Our strategies of leveraging core technology platforms and focusing on high-volume applications enable us to provide our customers with highly-customized products at a relatively low cost, as compared to the costs of the systems in which our products are embedded. We have achieved our current cost position through a continuous process of migration and transformation to best-cost manufacturing locations, global best-cost sourcing, product design improvements, and ongoing productivity-enhancing initiatives.
In August 2018 we completed the divestiture of the capital stock of Schrader Bridgeport International, Inc. and August France Holding Company SAS (collectively, the "Valves Business") to Pacific Industrial Co. Ltd. In October 2018 we acquired GIGAVAC, LLC ("GIGAVAC"), a leading producer of high voltage contactors and fuses that are mission-critical components

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for electric vehicles and equipment. Refer to Note 17, "Acquisitions and Divestitures," of our Financial Statements for additional information related to these transactions.
Selected Segment Information
We operate in, and report financial information for, the following two segments: Performance Sensing and Sensing Solutions.
Set forth below is selected information for each of these segments for the periods presented. Amounts and percentages in the tables below have been calculated based on unrounded numbers. Accordingly, certain amounts may not appear to recalculate due to the effect of rounding.
The following table presents net revenue by segment for the identified periods:
 
For the year ended December 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
(Dollars in millions)
Amount
 
Percent of Total
 
Amount
 
Percent of Total
 
Amount
 
Percent of Total
Net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Performance Sensing
$
2,546.0

 
73.8
%
 
$
2,627.7

 
74.6
%
 
$
2,460.6

 
74.4
%
Sensing Solutions
904.6

 
26.2

 
894.0

 
25.4

 
846.1

 
25.6

Total net revenue
$
3,450.6

 
100.0
%
 
$
3,521.6

 
100.0
%
 
$
3,306.7

 
100.0
%
The following table presents segment operating income in U.S. dollars ("USD") and as a percentage of segment net revenue for the identified periods:
 
For the year ended December 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
(Dollars in millions)
Amount
 
Percent of
Segment
Net Revenue
 
Amount
 
Percent of
Segment
Net Revenue
 
Amount
 
Percent of
Segment
Net Revenue
Segment operating income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Performance Sensing
$
648.7

 
25.5
%
 
$
712.7